A third extraordinary Budget of Epistles and Memorials between Sir Fran­cis Bernard of Nettleham, Baronet, some Natives of Boston, New-England, and the present Ministry; against N. America, the true Interest of the British Empire, and the Rights of Mankind

Copy of a Letter from the Earl of Hillsborough to the Honorable Major General Gage, dated Whitehall, 8th June 1768.


I TRANSMIT to you for your private Information, Copies of a Letter from His Majesty's Commission­ers of the Revenue to the Lords of the Treasury; of my Circular Letter to the several Governors upon the Continent in Consequence of it, and of Governor Bernard's three last Letters to my Office.

The Contents of these Papers will evince to you, how necessary it is become, that such Measures should be taken as will strengthen the Hands of Government in the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, enforce a due Obedience to the Laws, and protect and support the Civil Magistrates and the Offi­cers of the Crown, in the Execution of their Duty.

For these Purposes I am to signify to you His Majesty's Pleasure, that you do forthwith order one Regiment, or such Force as you shall think necessary, to Boston, to be QUARTERED in that Town, and to give every legal Assist­ance to the Civil Magistrate in the Preservation of the public Peace; and to the Officers of the Revenue in the Execution of the Laws of Trade and Revenue: And as this appears to be a Service of a DELICATE Nature, and possibly LEADING TO CONSEQUENCES NOT EASILY FORE­SEEN, I am directed by the King to recommend to you to make Choice of an Officer for the Command of these Troops, upon whose Prudence, Resolution, and Integrity you can entirely rely.

[Page 2] The necessary Measures for Quartering and Providing for these Troops, must be entirely left to YOUR DIRECTION; but I would submit to you, whether, as Troops will proba­bly continue in that Town, & a place of some Strength may in case of Emergency be of great Service, it would not be adviseable to take Possession of, and Repair, if Repairs be wanting, the little Castle or Fort of William and Mary, which belongs to the Crown.

I am, &c.
A true Copy, In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers.

Copy of Examination of Mr. Hallowell, at the Treasury Board. July 21st, 1768.


MR. Hallowell attends, and is called in; he acquaints my Lords, that he left Boston 20th June, that he landed at Weymouth the 17th Instant, and came to Town the 18th at Night; That when he came away, the Com­missioners were removing from on Board the Romney Man of War into Castle William; that the Town of Boston was pretty quiet, but that it was not safe for the Com­missioners to return there; that Papers were stuck up in different Parts of the Town, declaring that they should not return, and Centinels were posted to prevent the said Papers from being taken down; neither Mr. Temple, who remained in Boston after the other Commis­sioners, nor Mr. Venner, Secretary to the Board, were insulted—He does not think, that the Determination to resist the Revenue Laws is general, and is of Opinion, that the better Sort of People would be for Government, if they could be protected—That the Commissioners could not safely return to Boston, till some Measures were taken for their Protection—He says, that the Number of In­habitants in Boston is computed to be from 16 to 18,000—That the Mob, which assembled at the Time of the Town Meeting, was not above 2 or 3,000, and there was no People of consequence among them, except their Lead­ers— [Page 3] He thinks the present Spirit does not extend be­yond Boston—The People of Salem and Marblehead have made no Opposition to the Payment of Duties—He does not think, that the People of Boston would be joined by any of the better Sort of People in the Country, if actual Resistance was to be made to Government. With Respect to the Seizure of Mr. Hancock's Vessel the Liberty, he informs my Lords, that on the 9th of May last, the said Vessel arrived from Madeira with Wines, and two officers were put on Board her—On the 10th he made an Entry of 25 Casks of Wine only. It was commonly reported, that he had a much larger Quantity on Board, and he heard Mr. Hancock himself declare, that before the Arrival of the Ship he would run her Cargo of Wines on Shore. The Officers on Board gave no Information; they were exa­mined and said there had been no Wine run out of the Ship; but on the 10th June, Thomas Kirk, one of the said Officers, gave an Information upon Oath, that on the Evening of the 9th May Capt. Marshall came on Board the Liberty, and made Proposals to him to consent to the hoisting out several Casks of Wine that Night before the Vessel was entered; that he peremptorily refused; upon which Capt. Marshall took hold of him, and with the Assistance of 5 or 6 other Persons unknown, forced him into the Cabbin, and nailed the Cover down. That he was confined about three Hours, during which Time he heard a Noise as of many People upon Deck at Work hoisting out Goods; and that he distinctly heard the Noise of the Tackles; that when that Noise ceased, capt. Mar­shall came down to him in the Cabin, and threatned, that if he discovered what had happened that Night, his Life would be in danger, and his Property destroyed; Capt. Marshall then went away, and set the said Kirk at Liberty, but he was so much intimidated by the aforesaid Threatnings, that he was deterred from making an im­mediate Discovery of this Matter. The other Officer, who was on board the Liberty with Kirk, said, he was asleep, but Kirk declared that he was drunk, and had gone home to Bed.—Kirk's Information was laid before the Board of Customs the 10th of June by Mr. Harrison the Collector of Boston, and the Board directed him to take Mr. Lis [...] their Solicitor's Opinion thereupon, who advised the seizing of the Vessel—The Chairman of the Board the Customs advised Mr. Harrison for Security, that the Vessel, when [Page 4] seized, should be delivered in Charge to the Captain of the Romney Man of War.—Many Persons, and particularly Dr. Warren, had told Mr. Hollowell, that, if a Seizure was made, there would be a great Uproar: and Dr. War­ren added, that he could not be answerable for the Conse­quences—The Captain of the Romney was applied to in the Name of the Collector and Comptroller to send a Boat to assist in making Seizure of the Vessel—The Fast of the Vessel was thrown off by the Romney's People; and when they were hawling it, the Mob laid hold of the Ropes, and pelted the Officers and Seamen with Stones, so that they were obliged to tow the Vessel under the Stern of the Romney, and the Collector and Comptroller desired the Officer of the Romney to take Possession of the Vessel for her Security—About 200 Yards from the Wharf the Collector and Comptroller were surrounded by a Mob of 4 or 500 People, who beat and wounded them, and it was with Difficulty they escaped with Life—On Saturday the 11th June a Proposal was made to Mr. Harrison the Collector by Mr. Powell from Mr. Hancock, that if the Vessel was brought back to the Shore, he would see herforth­coming upon the Trial—This Proposal was made by Word of Mouth. The same Proposal was made to Mr. Hallowell by Dr. Warren, in the Name of Mr. Hancock, and Dr. Warren told Mr. Hallowell, that Mr. Hancock would give his own Bond as a Security—Mr. Hallowell told him he had no Objection, if Mr. Harrison approved of it—Mr. Harrison, as Mr. Hallowell was informed and believes, wrote to Mr. Hancock, that if he would even give his Word, that the Vessel should be forth-coming, she should be brought again to the Shore—Mr. Hancock went to Dr. Warren's House on Sunday the 12th June with the said Note, as Dr. Warren informs Mr. Hallowell; the Doctor was not at Home—The Doctor came after­wards to Mr. Hallowell, and told him, that all Matters were settled between Mr. Harrison and Mr. Hancock, and that the Vessel would be restored on Monday Morning the 13th of June; but at 12 o'Clock on Sunday Night Dr. Warren came to Mr. Hallowell, and told him that he had been at Mr. Hancock's, and was extremely sorry that Matters could not be settled as he told him in the Morning, for that Mr. Hancock had taken the Advice of his Counsel and Friends, and would have nothing to do with the Busi­ness, but would let it take it's Course, and would give [Page 5] nothing under his Hand. Dr. Warren said, Mr. Otis and Mr. Adams, and a great many others, were with Mr. Han­cock, and that his House was full. Mr. Hallowell under­stands, that Mr. Harrison informed the Commissioners on Sunday of the Steps that had been taken; they were then on Board the Romney. He does not know what Answer they gave Mr. Harrison, but one of the Commissioners said afterwards to Mr. Hallowell, that they would have had no Objection to taking Mr. Hancock's security, and making the Affair easy of him.

The Master of the Romney, who made the Seizure, was a discreet Man, and told Mr. Hallowell that he had his Deputation with him.

A true Copy, In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers.

Copy of a Letter from the Lords of the Admiralty to the Earl of Hillsborough, dated December 14, 1768.


HAVING received a Letter from Capt. Smith of his Majesty's Ship the Mermaid, senior Officer of his Majesty's Ships and Vessels at Boston, giving and Account of the Two Regiments of Foo [...] and Company of the Train of Artillery, which he brought from Halifax, being landed without any Opposition, and of his Proceedings afterwards: We send your Lordship herewith a Copy thereof for His Majesty's Information, and are, &c.

  • E. Hawke,
  • J. Buller,
  • Palmerston.
A true Copy, In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers.

Affidavit of William Wootton, Inspector General of the Customs.

(Copy) Province of the MASSACHUSETTS-BAY.

WILLIAM WOOTON, Esq; one of the Inspectors General of the Customs in America, appointed by the Lords of the Treasury, maketh Oath, that on his Re­turn to his Lodgings the Last Evening, four Men passing him, one with a Stick or Bludgeon in his Hand accosted [Page 6] him, saying,—Damn your Blood, we will be at you To­Morrow Night: I replied, you may come at me now if you please. They passed a little further on, when one of them I suppose the same, damned me again, and said, we will overset you all To-Morrow Night.

This happened between Nine and Ten o'Clock in the Evening; but I do not know the Persons; nor do I know that they knew me.

Sworn in Council before me,
A true Copy examined,
A. OLIVER, Sec'ry.
A true Copy, In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers,

Copy of a Letter from Mr. Bradshaw to Mr. Pownall, Treasury Chambers, November 22, 1768.

(Copy) SIR,

MY Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury having, at the Desire of Mr. Hallowell, Collector of the Customs at Boston in America, caused several Correc­tions to be made in his Examination, which was taken at this Board on the 21st of July last; I am commanded by their Lordships to transmit the inclosed Copy of the said Alterations to you for the Information of the Earl of Hills­borough.

I am, &c.
A true Copy In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers.
JNo. SPEED. John Pownal,

Corrections in the Examination of Mr. Hallowell, on 21st July, 1768.

COPY of CORRECTIONS made in the Examination of Mr. Hallowell.

"THAT the better Sort of People would be for Go­vernment if they could be supported," instead of the Word. "protected."—And "that the Commissioners could not return to Boston till some Measures were taken for their support," instead of "Protection."

[Page 7] "That the Mob which assembled prior to the Town Meeting." instead of at the Time of the Town Meeting."

After the Words. "he thinks the present Spirit" to add, "of seeking their Redress by Mobbing."

"The Captain of the Romney was applied to in the Name of the Collector only."

"The Fasts of the Vessel were", instead of "the Fast of the Vessel was."

"And when they were hawling them in," instead of "hawling it.

"The Collector only, desired the Officer of the Romney to take Possession of the Vessel for her Security."

"The Master of the Romney into whose Charge the Sei­zure was delivered," instead of, "The Master of the Rom­ney who made the Seizure."

A true Copy,. In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers,

Copy of a Letter from Mr. Bradshaw to Mr. Pownall, dated, Treasury Chambers, 22nd July 1768.


I AM directed by the Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury to transmit to you, for the Information of the Earl of Hillsborough, Copies of a Memorial from the Com­missioners of the Customs in America, and of several Affida­vits and Letters relative to their present Situation; as also the Examination of Mr. Hallowell, the Comptroller of Boston, whom the Commissioners have sent Home with their Dispatches; and to desire, that you will move his Lordship, that the same may be laid before his Majesty, and that his Lordship, may receive his Majesty's Commands for giving such Support to the Officers of the Revenue, in the Discharge of their Duty, as shall be thought proper.

I am also to acquaint you, that the said Papers (so far as they relate to the Seizure of the ship Liberty) have been sent to Mr. Nuthall, the Solicitor of this Board, with Di­rections to take to his Assistance the Solicitors of the Board of Customs, and Mr. Hallowell, and to prepare a full State of the Case, to be laid before the Attorney and Solicitor General, that they may give their Opinion, whether there has been any Thing illegal or irregular in the Proceedings hitherto taken by the Officers of the Customs at Boston; [Page 8] and that they may suggest to my Lords, what Steps it may be proper to direct the said Officers to take, in the farther Prosecution of this Affair: And as soon as my Lords have received the said Opinion, they will transmit a Copy of the same to Lord Hillsborough.

My Lords have directed Mr. Hallowell to attend Lord Hillsborough, whenever his Lordship shall require him so to do,

I am, Sir,
Your most Obedient humble Servant, THOS, BRADSHAW.
A true Copy. In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers,
JNo. SPEED. John Pownall,

Copy of a Letter from Mr. Bradshaw to Mr. Pownall, dated, Whitehall, Treasury Chambers, 31st Aug. 1768.


HAVING laid before my Lords Commissioners of his Majesty's Treasury a Memorial of the Commission­ers of the Customs in America, dated Castle William in Boston Harbour 11th July 1768; inclosing Copies of Let­ters, which they have received in Answer to their Appli­cations for the Aid of his Majesty's Forces; I am command­ed by their Lordships to transmit Copies of the said Papers to you for the Information of the Earl of Hillsborough, and to desire you will move his Lordship to lay the same before his Majesty, that his Majesty may be informed of the present Situation of the Officers of the Revenue at Boston, and of the Apprehensions they entertain, that his Majesty's Castle at the Mouth of Boston Harbour, where they are at present forced to reside was at the Time their Letters came away, no otherwise secured from falling into the Hands of the People, but by the King's Ships, which lie at present in the Harbour; and also that his Majesty may be informed of the Answers they have received from General Gage, Com­modore Hood, and Colonel Dalrymple, to the Requisitions made to them for Troops and Ships to be sent to Boston, for the Protection of the said Commissioners.

I am, Sir,
Your most obedient humble Servant, THOS. BEADSHAW.
A true Copy, In the Absence of the Clerk of the Papers,

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