A CONTINUATION OF Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL, &c.
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A CONTINUATION Of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL During the Time he was detained in England, by the Embargo.

VOL. II.

PHILADELPHIA: Printed and Sold by B. Franklin, in Market-street, 1740

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To the Reverend Mr. GEORGE WHITEFIELD.

I.
SERVANT of GOD, the Summons hear,
Thy Master calls, arise, obey!
The Tokens of his Will appear,
His Providence points out thy Way.
II.
Lo! we commend thee to his Grace!
In Confidence go forth! be strong!
Thy Meat his Will, thy Boast his Praise,
His Righteousness be all thy Song.
III.
Strong in the LORD's Almighty Power,
And arm'd in Panople Divine,
Firm may'st thou stand in Danger's Hour,
And prove the Strength of JESUS thine.
IV.
Thy Breast-Plat [...] be his [...]
His sacred Truth [thy [...]
Shod be thy beauteous Feet [...]
Spring forth, and spread the Gospel [...]
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V.
Fight the good Fight, and stand secure
In Faith's impenetrable Shield;
Hell's Prince shall tremble at its Power;
With all his fiery Darts repel'd.
VI.
Prevent thy Foes, nor wait their Charge,
But call their ling'ring Battle on.
But strongly grasp thy Sevenfold Targe,
And bear the World, and Satan down.
VII.
The Helmet of Salvation take,
The Lord's, the Spirit's conqu'ring Sword,
Speak from the Word,—In Lightning speak,
Cry out, and thunder—from the Word.
VIII.
Champion of GOD, thy LORD proclaim,
JESUS alone resolve to know;
Tread down thy Foes in JESU's Name:
Go—Conqu'ring, and to conquer go.
IX.
[...] [...] and Fires pursue thy Way,
Be mind [...] of a dying GOD;
Finish thy Course, and win the Day:
Look up,—And seal the Truth with Blood

[Page]A CONTINUATION OF Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL, &c.

BLACKHEATH in KENT.

Monday, June 4. WENT a second Time to pay my Respects to the Archbishop of Can­terbury, but his Grace was gone out as before.—Waited upon the Bishop of London, who used me very civilly.—Finished all my Affairs according to my Mind.— [...] Leave of my weeping Friends, and went in Com­pany with many of them to Blackheath, where was near as large a Congregation, as there was at Kennington the last Lord's-Day. I think I never was so much enlarged since I have preached in the Fields.—My Discourse was near two Hours long, and the People were so melted down, and wept so loud, that they almost drowned my Voice. I could not but cry out, Come, [...]e Pha­risees, come and s [...]e the Lord JESUS getting himself the Victory. Afterwards went to an Inn [Page 6] upon the Heath, where many came drowned in Tears to take a last Farewel. The Remainder of the Evening I spent most comfortably with several of my Brethren, and went to Bed about 12 o'Clock.—I hope, in some Measure, thankful for the great Things we had seen and heard.

Blendon.

Tuesday, June 5. Went in the Morning to Blendon, five Miles from Blackheath, and enjoy'd a sweet Retreat at the House of Mr. Delamot.—Preached with unusual Power at Bexley Common, at 11 in the Morning, to about 300 People, and in the Evening, near Woolwich, to several Thousands—My Word, I believe, came with the Demonstration of the Spirit. I return'd to Blendon rejoicing, and spent the Evening most delightfully with many dear Christian Friends, who came from London to see me. Oh! how does their sweet Company cause me to long for Communion amongst the Spirits of just Men made perfect! Accomplish, O LORD, I beseech thee, the Number of thine Elect, and hasten thy Kingdom.

Bexley and Gravesend.

Wednesday, June 6. Breakfasted with many Friends, and gave a Word of Exhortation to many more that came from London to bid me adieu.—Their Hearts were ready to break with Sorrow.—But GOD, I hope, will supply my Absence, by raising up more Ministers to go in and out before them. About 10 in the Morn­ing, read Prayers and preached at Bexley Church, [Page 7] Mr. Peers, the Vicar, my Brother and Fellow-Labourer in CHRIST, having given me a pres­sing Invitation.—The Congregation was large, and my Soul was so filled with GOD, that the Word came with very great Power to all that heard me. Blessed be GOD. After Sermon we dined with Mr. Peers, and having taken a Fare­wel, we left our Friends in Tears, and hasted to Gravesend, where I read Prayers, and preached in a Church near the Town to about [...]. I have no Objection against, but highly approve of the excellent Liturgy of our Church, would Ministers lend me their Churches to use it in.—If not, let them blame themselves, that I pray and preach in the Fields.

Gravesend, Bexley, and Blendon.

Thursday, June 7. Received two Letters from Persons confessing, that they came to hear me out of a bad Motive, but were apprehended by the free Grace of JESUS CHRIST.—Answer­ed them, and some others.—Read Prayers, and preached in the same Church as I did last Night.—Took some Refreshment, and returned in the Evening, and preached at Bexley Church, being much excited so to do, by the kind Sollicitations of Mr. Peers.—The Congregation was much larger than we could expect, and most, I believe, were much affected.—Here some of Mr. Delamot's Family gave us the Meeting.—After Sermon I return'd to their House at Blendon, praising and blessing GOD, that we had once more an Oppor­tunity of building up each other in our [...] [Page 8] Faith.—Oh! how sweet is this Retirement to [...] Soul! GOD is pleased to meet me in it, and vouchsafe me great Measures of his Divine Pre­sence.—I must expect some fresh Trials. Dear­est LORD, sweeten all thy Dispensations with a Sense of thy Love, and then deal with me as it [...]eth good in thy Sight!

Friday, June 8, Preached at Bexley in the Morning, and at Charleton in the Afternoon, whither I was invited by the Earl and Countess of Egmont. Both before and after Sermon they entertained me with the utmost Civility.—My Heart was much comforted by GOD, and at Night I returned with my Friends to my sweet Retreat at Blendon, Oh! the Comforts of having all of one Mind in a House! It begins our Hea­ven upon Earth.—Was I left to my own Choice, here would be my Rest.—For I have Delight here­in.—But a Necessity is laid upon me, and [...] unto me if I preach not the Gospel.

Saturday, June 9. Was much pleased and edified in reading Bishop Hall's Christ M [...]s [...]i [...]al, and E [...]skin's Sermons, both whose Wor [...], with Boehm's Sermons, I would earnestly re­commend to every one.—Preached in the Even­ing at Du [...]wich, [...]o not a very large Congrega­tion, and went afterwards to Blackheath, and spent a most agreeable Evening with many Christian Friends, who came thither on Purpose to give me the Meeting. Blessed be GOD, all behaved, as tho' their Conversation was in Heaven.

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Blendon, Bexley, and Blackheath.

Sunday, June 10. Hasten'd back to Blendon, where more of our Brethren came last Night to see me.—Preached with more Power than ever and assisted in administring the Sacrament to a­bout 200 Communicants in Bexley Church.—Din'd, gave Thanks, and sung Hymns at Mr. Delamot's.—Preached with great Power in the Evening on Blackheath, to above 20000 People, and collected sixteen Pounds seven Seven Shillings for the Orphans. After Sermon I went to the Green Man, near the Place where I preached, and continued till Midnight instant in Prayer, Praise and Thanksgiving, and Christian Con­versation.—I believe there were near 50 or 60 of us in all.—Great Decency and much Devotion was to be seen.—Numbers stood by as Spectators. GOD e [...]rged my Heart much in Prayer and Exhortation. And in short, every Thing was so well regulated, that all unprejudiced Persons that came in must say, Surely GOD is in this Place.

Many of them watched unto Prayer and Praise all Night. I think it every Christian's Duty to be particularly careful to honour and glorify GOD in Places where he is most disho­nour'd. Some can sing the Songs of the Drun­kard in Publick Houses; Others can spend whole Nights in Chambering and Wantonness, why should Christian be ashamed to sing the Songs of the Lamb, and spend Nights, as their LORD did before them, in Exercises of De­votion?

[Page 10] Silent have we been too long,
Aw'd by Earth's rebellious Throng,
Thee if we should still deny,
LORD, the very Stones would cry,

Hallelujah.

Blackheath, Bexley, Dulwich, & Blendon.

Monday, June 11. Pray'd, sung with, and gave a warm Exhortation to those that continued at Blackheath all Night.—Read Prayers at Bex­ley Church. Din'd with Mrs. S—at Le [...]isham, a Gentlewoman, who gladly received both me and my Friends into her House▪—Preached in the Evening to a much larger Audience than be­fore at Dulwich, and then hastened back to Blendon, in Company with some who Love our LORD JESUS in Sincerity. Oh how swiftly and delightfully do those Hours pass away, which are spent in Christian Conversation!

Blendon, Bexley, and Blackheath.

Tuesday, June 12. Read Prayers at Bexley Church.—Begun (being pressed thereto both in Spirit and by my Friends) to put some of my Extempore Discourses in Writing.—Preached at Blackheath in the Evening to about 20000 People and spent the remaining Part of the Night, with rather more Friends, and as much Chearfulness, De­cency and Devotion as on Sunday Night last Several People of different Ranks stood by, as before. Some, I hope, went away edified, for GOD gave me great Enlargement of Soul, and the Exhortation which was long and powerful▪ [Page 11] I believe, reached their Hearts. GOD grant we may thus always continue to let our Light shine before Men. It cannot but bring Glory to our Father which is in Heaven.

Wednesday, June 13. Retired in the Morn­ing to Blendon. Preached, as usual, at Blackheath, and went with my Fellow-Travellers to Lewis­ham, about a Mile off, to the House of Mrs. S [...], who has frequently pressed me to abide there. How does GOD raise me up Friends unsought for in every Place! Who would but naked follow a naked CHRIST? After Supper I expounded to, and prayed with several Gentlemen and Ladies, whom Mrs. S—had invited to hear the Word. Oh that it may take de [...]p [...]oot in their Hearts!

Thursday, June 14. Spent the whole Day in my pleasant and profitable Retreat at Blendon. And in the Evening had the Pleasure of intro­ducing my Honoured Friend Mr. John Wesley to preach at Blackheath. The LORD give him ten thousand times more Success than He has given me! After Sermon we spent the Evening most agreeably together with many Christian Friends at the Green Man. About ten we admitted all to come in that would: The Room was soon filled. GOD gave me Utterance. I exhorted and prayed for near an Hour, and then went to Bed, rejoicing that another fresh Inrode was made into Satan's Territories, by Mr. Wesley's following me in Field-Preaching, as well in London as in Bristol. LORD, give the Word, and great shall be the Company of such Preachers▪ Amen. Amen.

[Page 12] Friday, June 15. Continued at Blendon all Day. Preached with great Power in the Even­ing at Blackheath to about as many [...], and after retired to [...], where I and my Friends were again most kindly [...] Mr. S—May the Lord bless her House, as he did the House of [...], and make each of our [...] an [...] of the Holy Spirit.

Saturday, June 16. Returned in the Morn­ing to Blendon. Finished some Writings I had in Hand, and preached in the Evening at Black­heath, on Abraham's Offering up his Son Isaac. GOD make us Partakers of such a working O­bedient Faith!

Sunday, June 17. Preached with much Power in Bexley Church, and helped to administer to near 300 Communicants, most of which came from London.—Baptiz'd a Person of 28 Years of Age, whom GOD had work'd upon by my Ministry. Din'd at Blendon, and took sweet Counsel with many Christian Friends. Preached to above 20000 People at Blackheath, and af­terwards sup'd again at the Green Man. There were near 300 in the Room. GOD was pleased to give me extraordinary Assistance in exhort­ing and Prayer, which I continued till Eleven o'Clock, and then retired to Bed, much pleas'd to think Religion, which had long been sculk­ing in Corners, and was almost laugh'd out of the World, should now begin to appear abroad, and openly shew herself at Noon-Day. Let them count us Vain-glorious for thus confessing CHRIST before Men. It is a small Thing with us to be [Page 13] judged of Men's Judgment. To our own Master we stand or full. What we are the last Day will shew.

Hertford.

Monday, June [...]. An Embargo being laid [...] [...]pping for some Weeks, I had time to go to [...]ord, whither I was invited by [...] pressing Letters, declaring how GOD had work'd by my Ministry, when I was there last.—We din'd and pray'd with Madam Cook of Newington, and her Family, and reached the Place intended by seven at Night. A most kind Reception I met [...] from many Christians. At eight I preached, according to Appointment, with Freedom of Spirit, to about 4000 People, who were quite silent and attentive. Blessed be GOD, I found myself much stronger than when I was here last. GOD grant I may so live that my Progress may be made known unto all Men!

Tuesday, June 19. Preached this Morning about seven o'Clock to near 3000 People with uncommon Enlargement of Heart, and apparent Success. Many came to me under strong Con­victions of their fallen Estate, and their Want of a GOD-MAN to be their Mediator.—Many I heard of besides who had been much worked upon by my Preaching.—Several Christian Fami­lies, I find, had been comforted, and such im­mediate Effects produced, that I could not help rejoicing in Spirit exceedingly. Breakfasted, din'd, pray'd and sung Hymns with Mr. S—, a [Page 14] Dissenting Minister; was visited by some Qua­kers, and in the Afternoon waited upon Mr. Th— [...]od, a Baptist Teacher, who, unknown to me, had sent a Horse to fetch me from London. Preached about seven in the Evening to about five Thousand Souls upon the Faith of Abraham, in which GOD was pleased to give me great Freedom, and the People great Attention. I believe GOD has much People in and near Hertford. His especial Providence which detains me in England sent me hither.—I trust they have received a second Benefit, Not unto me, O LORD, not unto me, but unto thy Name, unto thy free Grace in CHRIST JESUS our LORD, be all the Glory.

Broad-oaks in Essex.

Wednesday, June 20. Set out about five in the Morning, and hasted to Broad-oaks, about 20 Miles from Hertford. About Midway at Bishop-St [...]rford, as we were passing through, a Person entirely unknown, constrained both me and my Friends to come and refresh ourselves a little at his House.—We accepted of his Offer, and found he was Son to a Gentleman, who had sent to engage me to preach at this Place on Friday Night next.—Having spent an Hour very agreeably with some Christian Friends, he went with us, and brought us on our Way to Broad-oaks, the Way being intricate. About 12 we got thither, and perceived that Providence had sent us most opportunely to a Family, some of whom being born after the Spirit, are, for that Reason, most violently opposed and persecuted [Page 15] by those Foes of their own Houshold, who are only born after the Flesh. A Clergyman has been employed to divert them from their present Madness, as they call it; and has done them the Honour of Preaching against them.—For this Week past, they have been continually beset with Numbers of such, who are Lovers of Plea­sure more than Lovers of GOD, and who would tell them, that a decent, genteel and fashionable Religion, is sufficient to carry them to Heaven. They knew nothing of my paying them this Visit, which made them more thankful.—No one can tell what a comfortable Meeting GOD gave us.—Surely it was Heaven begun upon Earth.—We found the Sweets of Opposition, and rejoiced greatly in the Prospect of suffering for CHRIST's Sake. To encrease our Satisfaction Mr. Delamot, a Convert of Mr. Ingham's, came from Cambridge to meet us.—He is scandalously opposed at that University.—The Students make him a Proverb of Reproach, and abuse him in the rudest Manner.—He has been forbid coming in to one College, and two or three that associate with him have been threatned much by their Tutors for keeping him Company. And here I cannot but remark what wonderful Mercies GOD has shewn this Mr. Delamot's Family.—About three or four Years ago, GOD was plea­sed to touch the Heart of his Brother Charles, who hearing that Mr. Wesley was going to Georgia (tho' his Father would have settled him in a very handsome Way) offered to go Abroad with him as a Servant.—His Parents Consent [Page 16] was asked, but they, and almost all their Rela­tions, opposed it strenuously. However, the young Man being resolute, and convinced that GOD called him, at length they somewhat consented. He went abroad, lived with Mr. Wesley, served under him as a Son in the Gospel, did much good, and endured great Hardships for the Sake of JESUS CHRIST. Behold, how GOD rewarded him for leaving all. Whilst he was absent, GOD was pleased to make Use of the Ministry of Mr. Ingham, and Mr. Charles Wesley, in converting his Mother, two Sisters, and this young Gentlemen before-mentioned at Cambridge, who, I pray GOD, may stand as a Barrier against the Prophaneness, Debauchery, Lukewarmness and Deism of that Seat of Learn­ing, and prove both a Barnabas and Boanerges in the Church of England! But to return,—After having spent some comfortable Hours to­gether, we went to Wimbish Green, where Mr. Charles Wesley had preached some Time ago. I rode thither in a Chaise, and preached from it to about 400 People, with great Freedom and Power. About 9 we returned to Broad-oaks, and spent the most heavenly Night I have known for a long While. Oh! how doubly sweet are Opportunities when we have been debarred of them for some Time! I believe the Saints of old had never so much Comfort, as when they were obliged to shut the Doors for Fear of the Jews, and to hide themselves in Dens and Cave [...] of the Earth. The LORD prepare us all for such an Hour.

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Saffron-Walden.

Thursday, June 21. Was much refreshed by last Night's Rest. Preached at Saffron-walden, eight Miles from Broad-oaks, to about 2000 People: Din'd with my Friends at Mr. F—r's. Preached at five in the Evening to a like Con­gregation as before, and returned to Broad-oaks, singing and praising GOD. Wherever I go, People fly to the Doctrine of JESUS CHRIST, as the Doves to the Windows. My Sheep, says our LORD, hear my Voice. A Stranger will they not hear.

Thaxted and Bishop-stortford.

Friday, June 22. Read Part of Jenks's Submission to the Righteousness of CHRIST, a most excellent Book. Preached at Nine in the Morn­ing at Thaxted, about two Miles from Broad-oaks, to upwards of 1000 People, but with such Sweetness and Power, as I have not felt since I came into Essex. All around me were melted into Tears.—My own Heart was so filled with Love, that I think I could then have laid down my Life for their Sakes. After Sermon, Mr. S—g, kindly entertained me, and my Fellow-Travellers, and many others that came to hear me.—We spent our Time most Christianly together, and afterwards went to Bishop-stortford, about 12 Miles from Thaxted; where I promised, GOD willing, to preach as to-Night. About five we got thither, and at six, GOD enabled me to preach with Power to near 4000 People. Many devout Souls were present, and several [Page 18] Invitations were given me in the Name of CHRIST, to other Parts of Essex, which I pro­mised to do, supposing the Embargo on the Shipping continued. Blessed be GOD, this itinerant Preaching brings me acquainted with Numbers of his Children, which otherwise I might never have seen or heard of in this Life. The united fervent Prayers of so many righteous Souls, undoubtedly will avail much in my Behalf! Lord, was ever Love like thine!

Blackheath.

Saturday, June 23. Set out betimes from Bishop-stortford, and reached Blackheath about three in the Afternoon. Preached at seven in the Evening to about 1000 People. The Small­ness of the Congregation was occasioned by a Report that I was dead.—Wherever I came I found the People much surprized and rejoiced to see me alive. GOD knows I long to be dissolved and to be with CHRIST, but as I have scarce begun my Testimony, I believe I shall not yet die, but live, and declare the Works of the LORD. Hereafter I hope he will enable me to say, I have fought a good Fight, I have finished [...] Course, I have kept the Faith. Henceforth there is laid up for me a Crown of Righ­teousness, which the LORD, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that Day, and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.

Bexley.

Sunday, June 24. Read Prayers, assisted in Administring [...] Sacrament at Bexley Church. Many came from far, and expected to hear me, [Page 19] but the Diocesan had been pleased to insist on the Vicar's denying me the Pulpit. Whether for just Cause GOD shall judge at the last Day. If we have done any Thing worthy the Censures of the Church, why do not the Right Reverend the Bishops call us to a publick Account? If not, why do they not confess and own us? It is well we can appeal to the great Bishop of Souls. They say, it is not regular our going out into the Highways and Hedges, and compelling poor Sinners to come in. We ought not so to beseech them to be reconciled to GOD. They desire to know by what Authority we preach; and ask, what Sign shewest thou that thou dost these Things? But, alas! what further Sign would they require? We went not into the Fields till we were excluded the Churches: And has not GOD set his Seal to our Ministry in an extra­ordinary Manner? Have not many that were spiritually Blind received their Sight? Many that have been Lame strengthened to run the Way of GOD's Commandments? Have not the Deaf heard? The Lepers been cleansed? The Dead raised? And the Poor had the Gospel preached unto them? That these notable Mira­cles have been wrought, not in our own Names, or by our own Power, but in the Name and by the Power of JESUS of Nazareth, cannot be denied. And yet they require a Sign? But verily there shall no other Sign be given to this evil and adulterous Generation!

Preached in the Afternoon to about 300 People in Justice Delamot's Yard, and in the [Page 20] Evening on Blackheath, to upwards of 20000, on these Words, And they cast him out. I recom­mended to the People the Example of the blind Beggar, reminded them of preparing for the gathering Storm, and exhorted them in the Name of CHRIST JESUS to follow the Example of this meek Lamb of GOD, supposing my Enemies should think that they did GOD good Service to kill me. I dread nothing more than the false Zeal of my Friends in a suffering Hour. GOD grant we may learn when we are reviled, not to revile again; when we suffer, may we threaten not, but commit our Souls into the Hands of him that judgeth righteously. LORD, endue us with the Spirit of thy first Martyr, St. Stephen, that we may pray most earnestly even for our [...]very Mu [...]der [...]s!

LONDON.

Monday and Tuesday, June 25. Came hither privately last Night. Went to a Love-Feast in Fetter-lane, and intended setting out the next Morning, being greatly importuned thereto, for Gloucester in the Stage-Coach, but there were no vacant Places. Spent the Day in writing Let­ters, and settling some Affairs. Preached in the Evening to about as many as usual at Kennington Common, with great and visible Success. Spent a delightful Hour with many Christian Friends. Took Coach about 11 at Night, and reached Cirencester by 10 the next Evening. Justly may I say, I am a Stranger and Pilgrim upon Earth: For I have here no continuing City. May I [Page 21] always be preparing myself f [...] that which is to come, a City not made with Hands, eternal in the Heavens▪ wh [...] Builder and Maker is GOD!

Cirencester and Gloucester.

Wednesday, June 27. Waited on the Minister of the Parish, and asked him for the Use of his Pulpit, but he refused it, because I had not my Letters of Orders. Went to publick Worship at 11, and preached to about 3000 People in a Field near the Town about 12. Was after­wards visited by several gracious Souls of the Baptist's Congregation, who brought me five Guineas for the Orphan-house. Set out about 4 in the Afternoon, and reached Gloucester about 7 in the Evening, to the inexpressible Joy of many. The late Report of my being dead has only serv'd to make my present Visits more welcome. Thus all Things work together for Good to those that love GOD. Soon after I came into Town, I visited the Society, and expounded for the Space of an Hour, to more People than the Room (tho' it was large) could contain. Blessed be GOD, all heard the Word most gladly.—I now see the Seed sown when I was here last, was not all sown on stony thorny Ground: No, some has been received into honest and good Hearts. This is the LORD's doing; to him [...]e all the Glory through JESUS CHRIST.

Gloucester.

Thursday, June 28. Preached in the Morning to about 1000 People in my Brother's Field. Went to publick Prayers at the Cathedral. [Page 22] Waited upon the Bishop, who received me very civilly. Visited some sick Persons in the After­noon who sent for me. Preached at Night to upwards of 3000. GOD was pleased to give me uncommon Freedom and Liberty in speaking.—Much Power from above was amongst us. Great Numbers were melted into Tears, and most, I believe, went convicted away. Thanks be to GOD, who thus giveth us the Victory thro' our LORD JESUS CHRIST.

Gloucester and Painswick.

Friday, June 29. Preached in my Brother's Field in the Morning to a large and very affected Congregation, went to the Cathedral Service, visited some religious Friends, and preached (at the earnest Invitation of many who had heard me before) to above 3000 Souls in Painswick-Street. All was hush'd and silent. The Divine Presence was amongst us. Many Children of GOD were fed with the sincere Milk of the Word. All rejoiced to see me alive again, and thanked GOD abundantly in my Behalf. It well becometh the Righteous to be thankful.

Stroud and Gloucester.

Saturday, June 30. Spent the Evening with some Christian Friends, lay at Painswick, and preached about 10 in the Morning to near 2000 People, in the Bowling-Green belonging to the George-Inn in Stroud, 3 Miles from thence. GOD was with us. After Sermon, I went in Company with many Friends to Gloucester, [Page 23] where I preached at 7 in the Evening to a larger and more affected Congregation than ever, Blessed be GOD, the Word has free Course. Oh! that it may [...]un and be glorified through all the Earth.

Gloucester, Randwick & Hampton common.

Sunday, July 1. Preached at 7 in the Morn­ing to a much increased Audience in my Brother's Field. Breakfasted at Gloucester, and preached at 11 in the Morning, read Prayers in the Afternoon, and preached again in the Afternoon at Randwick Church, about 7 Miles from Gloucester. The Church was quite full, about 2000 were in the Church­yard, who, by taking down the Window that lay behind the Pulpit, had the Conveniency of Hearing. Many wept sorely.

After Evening Service I hasten'd to Hampton-Common, and to my great Surprize, sound no less than 20000 on Horseback and Foot ready to hear me. New Strength was imparted to me from abo [...]e. I spoke with greater Freedom than I had done all the Day before. About [...] at Night I reached Gloucester much [...] than when I left it in the Morning. Surely JESUS CHRIST i [...] a gracious Master. They that wait upon him shall renew their Strength.

Monday, July 2. Preached this Morning in my Brother's Field, to a larger Audience than ever. Found my Spirits much exhausted by Yesterday's Labours, but notwithstanding a [...]we [...] [...]ower was amongst us. After Dinner I went to T [...]ekesbury, where I found much [Page 24] Opposition had been made by the Bailiff against my coming. Upon my Entrance into the Town, I found the People much alarmed, and as soon as I was got into the Inn, four Constables came to attend me: But a Lawyer being there who was my Friend, he demanded the Consta­ble's Warrant, who being not able to produce one, he sent them about their Business. At eight o'Clock I went into a Field lent me by one Mr. H—ds, which lay without the Liberties of the Town. My Audience consisted of 2 or 3000 People. I spoke with Freedom, and most, as I afterwards heard, went satisfied and affected away. The Remainder of the Evening I spent most agreeably with many Christian Friends who accompanied me on my Journey. I perceived a fresh supply of Spirits to be given me from a­bove, and rejoiced that GOD leads me on from conquering to conquer.

Tweksbury and Evesham.

Tuesday, July 3. Waited this Morning upon Mr. J—s, one of the Town-Bailiffs, and asked him▪ Meekness, ‘For what Reason he sent the Constables after me?’ He said, ‘It was the Determination not of himself, but of all the Council.’ He then said, ‘The People were noisy, and reflected upon the Bailiffs.’ I answered, ‘that was owing to their sending the Constables with their Staves to apprehend me, when I should come into Town.’ Upon this he began to be a little angry, and told me, ‘A certain Judge said, he would take me up [Page 25] as a Vagrant, was I to preach near him.’ I answered, ‘he was very welcome to do as he pleased. But I apprehended no Magistrate had Power to stop my Preaching, even in the Streets, if I thought proper.’ ‘No, Sir, says he, if you preach here Tomorrow, you shall have the Constables to attend you.’—After this I took my Leave, telling him, ‘I thought it my Duty as a Minister to inform him, that Magistrates were intended to be a Terror to evil Doers, and not to those who do well. And I desired, he would be as careful to appoint Constables to attend at the next Horse Race, Balls and Assemblies, &c.

About nine in the Morning we left Tweksbury, and reached Evesham about Noon.—The poor People were much alarmed, hearing I had been abused at Tweksbury. And the Magistrates of Evesham had threatned to apprehend me if I preached within their Liberties. Upon this, Mr. Benjamin Seward thought it adviseable to preach near his House, which I did from a Wall to near 1000 Hearers, and, I believe, to good Effect.—At my Return to the Inn, I could not but observe to my Friends how gradu­ally the Opposition increased. At present, it seems to be like the Cloud which Elijah's Ser­vant saw; no bigger than a Man's Hand; but, by and by, it will gather apace, and break upon the Church of GOD. But the GOD whom we serve is able to deliver us.

[Page 26] About 8 at Night I preached again from the same Place; but had the Satisfaction of seeing my Morning Congregation trebly increased: After this I went to a Friend's House to eat Bread; and came to my Inn, wishing that all felt the Love of GOD shed abroad in their Hearts, as I did then.

Evesham, Pershore, Tweksbury and Gloucester.

Wednesday, July 4. Preached by 7 in the Morning at Evesham and perceived the People's Hearts most nearly knit to me—Breakfasted at an Hospitable Quaker's House, and went in Com­pany with about 30 to Pershore, where I was kindly invited by Mr. Parks, the present Incum­bent.—He gave me the Meeting as I was going to the Church—I read Prayers, and preached with Power. Several Clergymen were present, and after Sermon Mr▪ Parks sent me his Thanks, and gave me another Invitation to Pershore. The Inhabitants were much affected, and I was receiv'd gladly into some of their Houses, and re­quested to come to Others. About five in the Evening I took an affectionate Leave of Evesham. Friends, and in Company with about 120 on Horseback went to Tweksbury, and never saw a Town so much alarmed. The Streets were crowded with People from all Parts. I rode im­mediately thro' the Town, preached to about 6000 Hearers in a Field lent us by Mr. P—, but saw no Constables that came either to molest or attend on me. My hour is not yet come—By and [Page 27] by it will be given me, not only to believe on, but to suffer for CHRIST's Name sake. LORD grant▪ I may not deny him in any wise.

Immediately after Sermon I took Horse, and reached Gloucester near Midnight. The Wea­ther was very pleasant. GOD was pleased to refresh me with fresh Communications from himself, and we went on our Way rejoicing in the LORD, who still causes us to triumph in every Place. Oh! forever adored be his free Grace in CHRIST!

Gloucester and Chefford.

Thursday, July 5, Preached about 10 in the Morning, as usual, to a numerous and exceed­ingly affected Audience. My own Heart was full of Love to my dear Countrymen, and they sincerely sympathised with me. Many Friends after this came to take Leave of me, and told me what GOD had done for their Souls.—Having wrote my Journal, and dispatched my private Business, after joining in Prayer, and singing with many, I left Gloucester. About 5 in the Evening I reached Chefford Common, at 7 preached till it was near dark to upwards of of 10000 People. A glorious Encrease since I was there last. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, who delighteth in the Prosperity of his Servant.

BRISTOL.

Friday, July 6. Lay at the House of Mr. Wa—n, a Clothier, 2 Miles from C [...]ord. Rose at Six; after Family Duty, and tak [...] [...] [Page 28] little Breakfast, we set forwards towards Bristol. At Petty France some Friends met us, afterwards more joined us, and before we came within 2 Miles of Bristol, our Company encreased very considerably. The People were much rejoiced at the News of my coming. Their Hearts seemed to leap for Joy, and many Thanksgivings were rendered to GOD in my Behalf. The Bells rang unknown to me. I was received as an Angel of GOD. At 7 in the Evening I preached at Baptist-Mills, to about 6 or [...] People, who were much melted by the Power of GOD's Word. I hope they will receive a second Benefit.

Saturday, July 7. Breakfasted with Mr. [...]—y. Settled some Affairs concerning our Brethren, and had a useful Conference about many Things with my Honoured Friend Mr. John Wesley. Din'd at my Sister's; gave the Sacrament to a sick Sister, paid another Visit upon a Matter of Importance. Preached at Baptist-Mills, to near the same Number of Peo­ple as last Night, and found that Bristol had great Reason to bless GOD for the Ministry of Mr. John Wesley. The Congregation I obser­ved to be much more serious and affected than when I left them: And their loud and repeated Amens, which they put up to every Petition, as well as the Exemplariness of their Conversation in common Life, plainly shew that they have not received the Grace of GOD in vain. Ye Hypocrites, ye can discern the Face of the Sky [...] but how is it that you cannot discern the Sign of [Page 29] these Times? That Good, great Good is done, is evident: Either this is done by an Evil or good Spirit. If you say by an Evil Spirit, I answer in our LORD's own Words. [...] Satan be divi­ded against Satan, how can [...] Kingdom stand? If by a good Spirit, why do not the Clergy, and the rest of the Pharisees believe our Report? What is it, but little less than Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, to impute the great Work that has been in so short a Time wrought in this Kingdom, to De­lusion and the Power of the Devil?

Sunday, July 8. Preached at the Bowling-Green to about 10000 People, greatly affected indeed.—About Eleven, I preached again at Hannam-Mount, to near as many Hearers, and at 7 in the Evening to about 20000 at Rose-Green. My Power I find much increased since I was here last. And such a visible Alteration in the Congregation for the better, therein con­vinces me more and more that GOD is with us of a Truth. As our Opposition encreases, I doubt not but the Manifestations of GOD's Presence amongst us, will encrease also.

Monday, July 9. On Thursday I received a Letter from the Bishop of Gloucester, in which his Lordship affectionately admonished me, to excercise my Authority I received in the Man­ner it was given me. His Lordship being of Opinion, that I ought to preach the Gospel only in the Congregation wherein I was lawfully appointed thereunto.

To-day I sent his Lordship the following Answer.

[Page 30]

The ANSWER.

My LORD

I Thank your Lordship, for your Lordship's [...] kind Letter.—My frequent Removes from Place to Place prevented my answering it sooner.—I am greatly obliged to your Lord­ship, in that you are pleased to watch over my Soul, and to caution me against acting contrary to the Commission given me at Ordination.—But if the Commission we then receive, obliges us to preach no where but in that Parish which is committed to our Care, then all Persons act contrary to their Commission when they preach occasionally in any strange Place. And con­sequently your Lordship equally offends when you preach out of your own Diocese. As for inveighing against the Clergy (without a Cause) I deny the Charge. What I say I am ready to make good when ever your Lordship pleases. Let those that bring Reports to your Lordship about my Preaching, be brought Face to Face, I am ready to give them an Answer. St. Paul exhorts Timothy, not to receive an Ac­cusation against an Elder under two or three Witnesses. And even Nicodemus could say, the Law suffered no Man to be condemned un­heard. I shall only add, that I hope your Lordship will inspect into the Lives of your other Clergy, and censure them for being Over-remiss, as much as you censure me for [Page 31] being Over-righteous: It is their falling from their Articles, and not preaching the Truth as it is in JESUS, that has excited the present Zeal of (whom they in [...]ision call) the Methodist Preachers. [...] [...]bing's Sermon (for which I thank your Lordship) confirms me more and more in my Opinion, that I ought to be instant in Season, and out of Sea­son. For to me, he seems to know no more of the true Nature of Regeneration, than Nicodemus did, when he came to JESUS by Night.—Your Lordship may observe, that he does not speak a Word of Original Sin, or the dreadful Consequences of our Fall in Adam, upon which the Doctrine of the New-Birth is entirely founded. No; like other polite Preachers, he seems to think, in the very Be­ginning of his Discourse, that St. [...]aul's Description of the Wickedness of the Heathen is only to be referred to them of past Ages: whereas I affirm, we are all included as much under the Guilt and Consequences of Sin as they were, and if any Man preach any other Doctrine, she shall bear his Punishment who­soever he be. Again, my Lord, the Doctor entirely mistakes us when we talk of the sensible Operations of the Holy Ghost. He understands as just as those carnal Jews un­derstood JESUS CHRIST, who, when our LORD talked of giving them that Bread which came down from Heaven, said, How can this Man give us his Fl [...]sh to eat? Indeed I know not that we do use the Word sensible, [Page 32] when we are talking of the Operations of the Spirit of GOD: But if we do, we do not mean, that GOD's Spirit does manifest itself to our Senses, but [...] it may be perceived by the Soul, as rea [...] [...] is any sensible Impression made upon the Body. But to disprove this, the Doctor brings our LORD's Allusion to the Wind in the third of St. John, which is one of the best Texts he could urge to prove it. For if the Analogy of our LORD's Dis­course be carried on, we shall find it amounts to thus much; That altho' the Operations of the Spirit of GOD can no more be accounted for, than how the Wind cometh and whither it goeth; yet may they be as easily felt by the Soul as the Wind may be felt by the Body.—My Lord, indeed we speak what we know. But, says the Doctor, "These Men have no Proof to offer for their inward Manifestations." What Proof, my Lord, does the Doctor re­quire; would he have us raise dead Bodies? Have we not done greater Things than these? I speak with all Humility, has not GOD by our Ministry raised many dead Souls to a spi­ritual Life. Verily, if Men will not believe the Evidence GOD has given that he sent us, neither would they believe tho' one rose from the Dead. Besides, my Lord, the Doctor Charges us with Things we are entire Strangers to, such as the denying Men the Use of GOD's Creatures; Encouraging Abstinence, Prayer, &c. to the Neglect of the Duties of our Sta­tions. Lord lay not this Sin to his Charge. [Page 33] Again, he says, I suppose Mr. Benjamin Seward to be a Person believing in CHRIST, and blameless in his Conversation, before what I call his Conversion. But this is a direct Untruth. For it was thro' the Want of a living Faith in JESUS CHRIST, which he now has, that he was not a Christian before, but a a meer Moralist. Your Lordship knows that our Article says, Works done without the Spirit of GOD, and true Faith in JESUS CHRIST have the Nature of Sin. And such were all the Works done by Mr. Benjamin Seward before the Time mentioned in my Journal. Again, my Lord, the Doctor repre­sents That as my Opinion concerning Quakers▪ in general, which I only meant of those I con­versed with in particular. But the Doctor, and the rest of my Reverend Brethren, are welcome to judge me as they please. Yet a little while, and we shall all appear before the great Shepherd of our Souls. There, there, my Lord, shall it be determined, who are true Ministers, and who are Wolves in Sheep's Cloathing. Our LORD, I believe, will not be ashamed to confess us pub­lickly in that Day. I pray GOD we all may approve ourselves such faithful Ministers of the New Testament, that we may be able to lift up our Heads with Boldness. As for declining the Work in which I am engaged, my Blood runs chill▪ at the very Thoughts of it. I am as much convinced it is my Duty to act as I do, as that the Sun shines at Noon-Day. I can foresee the Consequences very well. They [Page 34] have already in one Sense thrust us out of the Synagogues. By and by they will think it is doing GOD Service to kill us. But, my Lord, if you and the rest of the Bishops cast us out, our [...] and common Master will take us up. Tho' all Men should deny us, yet will not he. And however you may censure us as evil Doers, and Disturbers of the Peace, yet if we do suffer for our present Way of act­ing, your Lordship at the Great Day will find, that we suffer only for Righteousness Sake. In Patience therefore do I possess my Soul. I willingly tarry the LORD's Leisure. In the mean while I shall continually bear your Lord­ship's Favours upon my Heart, and endeavour to behave, so as to subscribe myself,

My LORD,
Your Lordship's obedient Son, And obliged Servant, GEORGE WHITEFIELD.

Tuesday, July 10. Preached Yesterday E­vening at the Brick-Yard to about 8000 People. Dined to-day with my honoured Fellow-Labou­rer, Mr. Wesley, and many other Friends, at Two-Mill-Hill in Kingswood, and preached after­wards to several Thousand People, and Colliers, in the School-House, which has been carried on so successfully, that the Roof is ready to be put up. The Design I think is good. Old as well as young are to be instructed. A great and a visible Alteration is made in the Behaviour of the Colliers. Instead of Cursing and Swearing, [Page 35] they are heard to sing Hymns about the Woods; and the rising Generation, I hope, will be a Generation of Christians. They seem much affected by the Word. They melt into Tears, and are observed to attend the Churches and So­cieties when Mr. Wesley is absent from them. The Prospect of their future Welfare filled me with Joy unspeakable. They took a most affec­tionate Leave of me. LORD put thou their Tears into thy Bottle!

Went immediately after Sermon was ended with Mr. Wesley, and several other Friends, to Bath, and preached there to about 3000 People at 7 in the Evening. It rained a little all the while, but the People were very patient and at­tentive, and [...]ever had such Power given me to speak to the polite Scoffers before. Oh! that the Scales were removed from the Eyes of their Minds!

Heard to Day the Town Clerk of Bristol did my Brother Wesley and me the Honour, to desire the Grand-Jury, at their Quarter-Sessions, to present our Meetings, and to have the Riot-Act read, but they did not regard him. Nay one, that was called to serve on the Petty-Jury, offered to submit to any Fine, rather than do any thing against us; who, he said, were true Servants of JESUS CHRIST. May he meet with that Re­ward which our LORD has promised to all th [...]se that shall confess him before Men! The Hour of Persecution is not yet come. These are som [...] distant Proofs of it, I really wonder it comes on no faster. Satan, why sleepest thou?

[Page 36]

Bath and Bristol.

Wednesday, July 11. Preached at 11 in the Morning, to a larger Audience than last Night, and almost with equal Power. Hasten­ed to Bristol, and preached in the Evening at Baptist-Mills to a large Congregation. It rained much: But, blessed be GOD, the People's Hearts are so far influenced by the Gospel of CHRIST, that they care but little whether it rains or shines.

After this, my Brother Wesley and I went to the Women and Men's Societies, settled some Affairs, and united the two leading Societies to­gether. A great Harmony and Sweetness of Soul was amongst us all. My Heart was full of Love for them, and they wept most sorely at my Farewel-Exhortation and Prayer. How can I be thankful enough to GOD, for sending me hither to see, that the Seed has been sown on good Ground; and that by the Ministry of Mr. Wesley it has received great Increase. May it still increase with all the Increase of GOD.

Thursday, July 12. Was busied most of the Day in sitting a Sermon for the Press On the Indwelling of the Spirit, which I would recom­mend to all. Preached in the Evening to [...] or 9000 People in the Bowling-Green, with great Freedom and Power, and afterwards spent an Hour most delightfully with some Christian Friends. Blessed be GOD for the Communion of Saints! Oh! when shall I be translated to the Com­munion of the Spirits of just Men made perfect! As the Hart [...]a [...]teth after the Water Brooks, so doth my [Page 37] Soul long after that perfect Fellowship with the Sons of GOD.

Friday, July 13. Preached my Farewel Ser­mon at 7 in the Morning to a weeping and deep­ly affected Audience. My Heart was full, and I continued near two Hours in Prayer and Preaching. The poor People shed many Tears, and sent up Thousands of Prayers in my Behalf, and would scarce let me go away. Their Mites they most chearfully contributed to the School-House at Kingswood, and proved, I think, to a Demonstration, that they had not received the Word of GOD in vain. Blessed be GOD for seeing this Increase of his Mercy. Blessed be GOD for my coming hither to behold some Fruits of my Labours. Many Souls have been strengthened and comforted, many convinced of Sin, and myself also more established and strong in the LORD. As Oppositions abound, so do my Conso­lations much more abound! Who is so good a Master as JESUS CHRIST.

Retired after Sermon to vent my Heart, which was ready to burst with a Sense of GOD's espe­cial, distinguishing, repeated Mercies. Dined with and took a most affectionate Leave of a whole Roomful of weeping Friends. Set out about 4 o'Clock, and reached Thornbury about 8 in the Evening. It raining exceeding hard most part of the Day, there were but few Country People.—However, I preached to about 600 from a Table in the Street. I hope GOD gave it his Blessing.

[Page 38]

Thornbury and Gloucester.

Saturday, July 14. Preached at 8 this Morn­ing to an attentive Congregation. Breakfasted at a Quaker's, and reached Gloucester with my honoured Friend, Mr. John Wesley, and some others, by 3 in the Afternoon. Went to the Cathedral Prayers, dined, and afterwards preached to a Congregation a third Part larger than I have had in this Place before. Blessed be GOD, wherever I go, I find my Audiences are always more numerous by far at the last than at the first.—LORD make me truly humble and thankful.

Sunday, July 15. Left my honoured Friend Mr. Wesly, to preach to about 7000 Souls in Gloucester. And had the Pleasure afterwards of hearing that the People heard him gladly.—Preached twice in Randwick Church, and assisted in administring the Sacrament to 270 Commu­nicants.—The Congregations were larger than when I preached last.—My Body being weak, and GOD being pleased to withdraw himself, I spoke with very little Power in the Morning; but in the Afternoon, GOD caused my Strength to return again, and I preached with much Freedom and Power in the Evenin [...]; and at Hampton Common, I was enabled to lift up my Voice like a Trumpet, and to preach to about 20000 Souls.—All which behaved with great Reverence and Devotion.—After I had done, I received fresh Invitations to different Places, which I proposed to comply with, if the LORD [Page 39] should permit. Never did I see People more eager after the Milk of the Word. Their Souls were much rejoiced when I told them Mr. John Wesley intended to come after to feed them. LORD grant he may be preferred before me wherever he goes!

Monday, July 16. Lay last Night at the House of Mr. E- s of Ebly, and had a most comfortable Time of it. Went to Tedbury, about six Miles from thence, having been earnest­ly invited several Times and preached at Noon to about 4000 People.—Many gracious Souls of divers Denominations came to meet me, with whom I took sweet Counsel.—The Scoffers, be­fore I came, had threatned to do something.—But the Power of GOD's Word overcame them. Visited in the Afternoon, Mr. O—, a Baptist Teacher, and went afterwards, in Company with several Friends, to Malmsbury in Wiltshire, about 3 Miles from Tedbury, whither I had been invited by a Letter signed by 52 Persons. At 7 I preached to about 3000 People, who, I be­lieve, felt the Power of GOD's Word. Much Opposition had been made by the Pharisees against my coming; and the Minister in parti­cular had wrote to the Church-warden to stop me; but he was more noble. Numbers, as I heard afterwards, who were vastly prejudiced against me by lying Reports, went away convinced that I spoke the Words of Truth and Soberness. Thou shalt answer for me, O LORD my GOD.

Tuesday, July 17. Lay with my Fellow-Travellers at the House of Mr. Line, who most [Page 40] gladly received us for our Master's Sake. I had a Thorn in the Flesh sent to buffet me, was weak in Body, deserted in Mind, and felt my­self to be what I often say we all are by Nature, half a Devil, and half a Beast. With great inward Reluctance I rose and preached to about 2000 Souls at 8 in the Morning, then I retired to my Bed again, with an unspeakable Pressure upon my Heart till Noon. Was something better after Dinner, and much reviv'd to see what an effectual Door was like to be opened in Wiltshire for Preaching the Gospel. Went and paid my Respects to the chief Magistrate, who was my Friend, and reached Cirencester about six in the Evening.

Here also Men breathed out Threatnings against me, but were not impowered to put them in Execution. Numbers came from Neighbour­ing Towns. My Congregation was as large again as when I preached here last. GOD enabled me, weak as I was, to speak boldly, as I ought to speak. Every Thing was carried on with Decency and Order, and my inward Com­forts began to return again. GOD will not always be chiding, neither keepeth He his Anger for ever. How heavily do I drive when GOD takes off my Chariot Wheels. O that I may learn to be meek and lowly in my own Eyes.—LORD give me Humility, or I perish.

Cirencester and Abingdon.

Wednesday, July 18. Found more than ever the Truth of the wise Man's Saying, Wo be to [Page 41] him that is alone, for when he falleth, he hath not another to help him up. Breakfasted with one Mr. H—r, and preached at 7 in the Morning to about as numerous a Congregation, but with much greater Spirits than last Night.—The Place where I preached was exceeding convenient.—I stood in the Valley, and the People on an Ascent that formed a most beautiful Amphitheatre.—After I had done, GOD gave me some most ex­traordinary Instances of the Power of his Word. LORD, not unto me, but unto thy Name be all the Glory.

Left Cirencester about 11, dined at Leatchlade, where the Inhabitants were very importunate to hear me, would Time have permitted. I reached Abington, 22 Miles from Cirencester, about 7, and preached to several Thousands soon after I came in. Much Opposition had been made against my Coming.—The Landlord, whose House we offered to put up at, genteelly told us, he had not Room for us; and numberless Pre­judices had been industriously spread to prevent my Success; but GOD strengthened me after my Journey, and enabled me to speak, I trust, to the Hearts of many. GOD's Word will make its own Way, let Men say what they please. Our Weapons are not carnal, but mighty through the Divine Power, to the pulling down Satan's Strong-Holds.

Abingdon and Basingstoke.

Thursday, July 19. At the Request of several well-disposed People, preached again this Morn­ing, [Page 42] tho' not to so great a Number as before.-☉ A sweet Power was amongst us.—The Hearers melted into Tears under the Word. My Heart was full of Love, and theirs also were much affected. Oh! what a sudden Alteration does this Foolishness of Preaching make in the most obsti­nate Hearts! 'Tis but for GOD to speak the Word, and the Lion is turned into a Lamb. Oh! that we were like that dear Lamb of GOD, who died to take away the Sins of the World!

Breakfasted with Mr. F— [...], who with many other Friends expressed great Tokens of Friend­ship for me and my Fellow-Travellers. Set out at 11, dined at Ilsly, and reached Basingstoke about 7 at Night. Perceiving myself languid and weary, I lay down upon the Bed soon after our coming into the Inn, but was soon refreshed with the News, that the Landlord, one of whose Children was wrought upon when I was there last, would not let us stay under his Roof; upon which I immediately rose and went to another Inn; but the People made a Mock of both me and my Friends as we past along, and shot out their Arrows, even bitter Words against us, and Fire-Rockets were thrown around the Door. It was now near 8 o' Clock, and too late to preach; I therefore retired from my Friends, gave GOD Thanks for accounting me worthy to suffer Re­proach for his Name Sake, and about an Hour after received the following Letter by the Hands of the Constable from Mr. Mayor.

[Page 43]
SIR,

Being a Civil Magistrate in this Town, I ☉ thought it my Duty, for the Preservation of the Peace, to forbid you, or at least dissuade you, from preaching here. If you persist in it, in all Probability, it may occasion a Disturbance, which I think is your Duty, as a Clergyman, as well as mine, to prevent. If any Mischief should ensue (whatever Pretence you may afterwards make in your own Behalf) I am satisfied will fall on your own Head, being timely cautioned it by me, who am, Sir,

Your most humble Servant, JOHN ABBOT.

P. S. The Legislator has wisely made Laws for the Preservation of the Peace, therefore, I hope, no Clergyman lives in Defiance of them.

To this I immediately sent the following Answer.

Honoured Sir,

I think you for your kind Letter, and I humbly hope a Sense of your Duty, and not a Fear of Man, caused you to write it. If so, give me Leave to remind you, Honoured Sir, as a Clergyman, you ought to be a Terror to evil Do [...]rs, but a Praise to them that do well. I know of no Law against such Meetings as mine. If any such Law be existing, I believe you will think it your Duty, Honoured Sir, to apprize me of it, that I may not offend against it. If no Law can be produced, as a Clergy­man, I think it my Duty [...]o inform you, that [Page 44] you ought to protect, and not any Ways to discourage, or permit others to disturb an Assembly of People meeting together, purely to worship GOD. To-morrow, Honoured Sir, I hear there is to be an Assembly of anoth [...]r Nature; be pleased to be as careful to have the publick Peace preserved at that, and to prevent profane Cursing and Swearing, and Persons breaking the sixth Commandment, by bruising each others Bodies by Cudgelling and Wrest­ling; and if you do not this, I shall rise up, against you at the great Day, and be a swift Witness against your Partiality.

I am, Honoured Sir,
Your very humble Servant, GEORGE WHITEFIELD.

Friday, July 23. After Breakfast waited in Person upon Mr. Mayor, to see what Law could be produced against my Meetings. Assoon as I began to talk with him, I perceived he was a little angry—and said, Sir, you sn [...]red me in the Letter you sent last Night,—Tho' I am a Butcher, yet Sir, says he, I—I replied, I honoured him as a Magistrate, and only desired to know what Law could be produced against my Preaching: In my Opinion there could be none, because there was never such a Thing as Field-Pre [...]ching before. I then instanced the Trial of P—the Quaker, where the Jury, notwithstanding they were so hardly used, brought a Verdict in Favour of him. Sir, says he, you ought to preach in a Church—And so I would, replied I, if your [Page 45] Minister would give me Leave. Sir, said he, I believe you [...] s [...]me sinister Ends in view; why do you go about making a Disturbance? I answered, I make no Disturbance: And it was hard I could not come into Town without being insulted. It was your Business, Sir, said I, to wait, and if there was any Riot in my Meetings, then, and not till then, it is your Duty to interpose. Then said he, Sir, you wrote to me about the Revel to Da [...]; I have declared against it. But, said I, Sir, you ought to go and read the Riot-Act, and put an entire Stop to it. I then pressed him, to shew me a Law against Meetings; urging, if there had been any Law, they would have been stopped long since. He answered, It was an odd Way of preaching.—But, Sir, says he, I must go away to a Fair; before you came I had wrote you another Letter, which I will send you yet, if you please. Upon this I thanked him, paid him the Respect due to a Magistrate, and took my Leave. Soon after I was returned to my Com­pany, he sent me the following Letter:

Rev. Sir.

I received your extraordinary Letter, and could expect no other from so uncommon a Genius.

I apprehend your Meetings to be unlawful, having no Toleration to protect you in it. My Apprehensions of Religion always was, and I hope always will be, that GOD is to be wor­shipped in Places consecrated, and set a-part for his Service, and not in Brothels, and Places where all Manner of Debauchery may have been [Page 46] committed; but how far this is [...]onsistent with your Actions, I leave you to judge.

As for the other Assembly you are pleased to mention, 'tis contrary to my Will, having never given my Consent to it, nor approved of it, but discouraged it before your Reverendship came to this Town; and if these Cudgellers persist in it, I shall set them upon the same Level with you, and think you all Breakers of the public Peace. You very well know there are Penal-Laws against Cursing and Swearing, and I could wish there were the same against Deceit and Hypocrisy. Your appearing against me as a swift Witness at the Day of Judgment, I must own, is a most terrible Thing, and may serve as a Bug-bear for Children, or People of weak Minds; but believe me, Reverend Sir, those Disguises will have but little Weight amongst Men of common Understanding.

I told you I had a Letter wrote, I made bold to send it.
Yours, JOHN ABBOT.

To this I sent the following Answer:

Honoured Sir,

Does Mr. Mayor do well to be angry? Alas, what Evil have I done! I honour you as a Magistrate; but as a Minister I am obliged to have no Respect of Persons. Your apprehending my Meetings to be unlawful, does not make them to be [...]. There's no need of a Toleration [...] to protect me, when I do not act [...]nformable to any Law, Civil or Ecclesiastical. He pleased to prove that my Meetings are Schismatical. [Page 47] Seditious or Riotous, and then I will submit. But you say they are upon unconsecrated Ground. Honoured Sir, give me Leave to inform you, that GOD is not now confin'd to Places, but seeketh such to worship him, who worship him in Spirit and in Truth; and where two or three are gathered together in CHRIST'S Name, there will CHRIST▪ be in the Midst of them. The Church, by our Ministers in their Prayer before their Sermons, is defined not to be the Church-Walls, but a Congregation of Christian People; such is mine. As for judging me,—To my own Master I stand or fall; at his dreadful Tribunal I will meet you, and then you shall see what is in the [...] of, Honoured Sir,

Your very humble Servant. G. WHITEFIELD.

About 8 o'Clock I went into a Field, lent me by Mr. H—n; and tho' one said, I should not go alive out of Basing stoke if I preached there, and another said, the Drum should beat just by me, yet I had little or no Interruption, and GOD gave me such great Power in speaking against Revelling, and those few Scoffers that were there, that they were not able to gainsay, or resist it. As I came from the Field, passing through the Church-Yard, the Boys, headed by some of the ba [...]er Sort, saluted me as before, called me strange Names, which, I trust, was received in the Spirit of our dear Master.

After this I pray'd and sung Psalms at the Inn with s [...]me few Disciples, and then took my [Page 48] Leave.—As I passed by on Horseback, I saw a Stage built for the Cudgellers and Wrestlers; and as I rode farther, I met divers coming to the Revel, which affected me so much, that I had no Rest in my Spirit. And therefore having asked Counsel of GOD, and perceiving an un­usual Power and Warmth enter into my Soul, though I was gone above a Mile from the Town, I could not bear to see so many dear Souls for whom CHRIST died, ready to perish, and no Minister or Magistrate interpose. Upon this I told my dear Fellow Travellers that I was resol­ved to follow the Example of Howel Harris in Wales, and to bear my Testimony against such lying Vanities, let the Consequences, as to my own private Person, be what they would. They immediately consenting, I rode back to the Town, got upon the Stage erected for the Wrest­lers, and began to shew them the Error of their Ways.—Many seemed ready to hear what I had to say, but one more zealous for his Master than the rest, and fearing Conviction every Time I so much as attempted to speak, set the Boys upon repeating their Uzza's.—My Soul, I perceived, was in a sweet Frame, willing to be offered up, so that I might save some of those, to whom I was about to speak; but all in vain. While I was on the Stage, one struck me with his Cudgel, which I received with the utmost Love; till at last finding the Devil would not permit them to give me Audience, I got off, and after much thronging and pushing me, I mounted my Horse with unspeakable Satisfaction w [...]hin myself, [Page 49] that I had now begun to attack the Devil in his strongest Holds, and had borne my Testimony against the detestable Diversions of this Genera­tion.—Ye Masters of Israel, what are you do­ing? Ye Magistrates, that are called Gods in Scripture, why sleep you? Why do you bear the Sword in vain? Why count you me a Troub­ler of Israel; and why say you I teach People to be idle, when you can connive at, if not subscribe to such hellish Meetings as these, which not on­ly draw People from their bodily Work, but directly tend to destroy their precious and im­mortal Souls; surely I shall appear against you at the Judgment Seat of CHRIST; for these Diver­sions keep People from true Christianity as much as Paganism itself. And I doubt not, but it will require as much Courage and▪ Power to di­vert People from these Things, as the Apostles were obliged to exert in converting the Heathen from their dumb Idols. However, in the Strength of my Master, I will now enter the Lists, and begin an offensive War with Satan, and all his Host. If I perish, I perish; I shall have the Testimony of a good Conscience, I shall be free from the Blood of all Men.

From Basingstoke I intended to go to Wind [...]or, but having not sent to any in that Place, and longing for a little Retirement, I lay at Stains, and spent some Hours in sweet Fellowship with my dear Fellow-Travellers. O what a blessed Thing it is for Brethren to dwell together in Unity!

[Page 50]

LONDON.

Saturday, July 21▪ Set out a little after four in the Morning, and reached London by Break­fast Time. Settled my A [...]ur, rejoiced with my dear Friends, and preached in the Evening to upwards of ten thousand at Kennington-Com­mon: The poor Souls were ready to leap for Joy at my Return amongst them. The Word sun [...] deep into their Hearts. Great Numbers melted into Tears, and my own Heart over­flowed with Love towards them. Blessed be GOD for what has been done here since I left London, by my honoured Friend and Fellow Labourer Mr. Charles Wesley. Surely, we can see the Fruits of our Labours. All Love, all Glory be to GOD, for giving so great an Increase!

Sunday, July 22. Ever since I was abused at Basingstoke, I have had great Communica­tions from GOD. When Men cast us out, then does JESUS CHRIST chiefly take us up. Who would not be a Christian? There is nothing I des [...]re on Earth in Comparison of that.—Received a Letter from Mr. Ralph Erskine of Scotland. Some may be offended at my corresponding with him, but I dare not but confess my LORD's Disciples.—Had a pressing Invitation to come into Lincol [...]shire. Blessed be GOD, the Word runs very swiftly. In vain do our Adversaries stand against the Most High.—Preached at Seven [...]n the Morning to about Twenty Thousand at Mcor [...]u [...]ld [...]. A greater Power than ever was [Page 51] amongst us. Scoffers and curious Persons daily drop off. Most that come now, I hope, do not come out of Curiosity. Never were Souls more melted down by the Power of GOD's Words. Never did People offer their Mites more willingly. I collected 24 l. 17 s. for the School-House that is erecting at Kingswood, and all seemed sollici­tous how to express their Affection. Ye Scof­fers, ye blind Pharisees, come and see, and then call these tumultuous, seditious Assemblies if you can. Would to GOD, they behaved so decently in any Church in London. Went to St. Paul's, and received the blessed Sacrament, and preached in the Evening at Kennington-Common to about 30,000 Hearers, and collected 15 l. 15 s. 6 d. for the Colliers. GOD gave me great Power, and I never opened my Mouth so freely against the Letter-learned Clergymen of the Church of England. Every Day do I see the Necessity of speaking out more and more—The most learned of our modern Rabbies, I find now by their Writings, and by their Conferences with me and my Friends, either make our Sanctification a Cause of, whereas it is the Effect of our Justifi­cation before GOD, of they entirely interpret away the meaning of all the Doctrines of the Spi­rit, so as to make Regeneration consist only in a Desire and good Disposition to do the Will of GOD; or, in other Words, in an outward De­cency of Life, and a Morality falsely so called. This is the Sum and Substance of the Generality of our modern Doctrine. And therefore, was I to die immediately for speaking, yet I should [Page 52] not die in Peace, unless I bore my Testimony a­gainst them. GOD knows my Heart, I do not speak out of Resentment—I heartily wish all the LORD's Servants were Prophets—I wish the Church of England was the Joy of the whole Earth. But I cannot see her sinking into Papis­tical Ignorance, and Deism refined, and not open my Mouth against those, who by their sensual lukewarm Lives, and unscriptural superficial Doc­trines, thus cause her to err—O Lord, send out, we beseech thee, send out thy Light, and thy Truth. Even so come, LORD JESUS, come quickly!

Monday, July 23. This Day I received the following Letter from the Quaker at Basingstoke, at whose House I lodged.

My Dear FRIEND,

When I Yesterday went up to thy Inn, and found thee just gone, I was sorry that I miss'd an Opportunity, both of taking my Leave of thee, and expressing the Sense I had of the Power and Presence of GOD that was with thee, more especially in the latter Part of thy Sermon, and in thy Prayer after it; However, I am truly glad, that thou wert preserved out of the Hands of cruel and unreasonable Men. Thou heardst of the Threatnings of many, but the Malice and blind Zeal of some went fur­ther. For hadst thou went to my Friend H— to Bed, or elsewhere towards that Part of the Town, which I believe was expected, there were 10 or 12 Men lying in wait to do thee a private Mischief, which I know by the Testi­mony [Page 53] of one of those very Men, who boasted to me, We would have given him a secret Blow, and prevented his making Disturbances. This Confession [...] me out to me in the Warmth of his Zeal, as thinking, perhaps, that I could hate, at least, if not destroy (like him) all that were not of my own Party.

O thy noble Testimony against the Pro­phaneness and Vanity of the Age. It re­joiced me not a little. But when thou camest to the Necessity, the Nature and the Rewards of the New-Birth, the true Seed, thou wert carried beyond thyself, the Fountain of Life was opened, and flowed around amongst the Living. I am, for one, a Monument of free Grace and Mercy. O GOD how boundless it thy Love! He hath not hid his Mercies from me. I have often drank of the spiritual Rock, and been a Witness of the Joys of GOD's Salvation. Ay, those Joys, that sweet Presence of CHRIST, that carries Men above the Fear of the World, and enables them to overcome the World; that baptizeth into the Spirit and Nature of the SON OF GOD, and maketh Disciples indeed. It is a Sense of GOD ever near the Influences of his quickening Spirit, that is only able to deter from Evil, crucify the old Nature, create again to GOD, and perform his good and ac­ceptable Will. This will make a thorough Reformation, beginning at the Heart, sanctify­ing that, guarding of it, and malting it a holy Temple for the holy Spirit to dwell in, then producing holy Thoughts, Longings after di­vine [Page 54] Enjoyments, Love, Joy, Solidity, Watch­fulness, &c.

But, why this to thee? Thou hast drank deep of divine Love; only I know that the good Experiences of GOD's Children are often Causes of mutual Comfort. I have often been sensible of it myself, and therefore, not only thus privately, but publickly have I been strengthened to tell to others, that GOD is good, and that he has done great Things for my Soul. Ministers not thus qualified, and thus sent, may indeed be Ministers of those who sent them, but Ministers of CHRIST they cannot be.

May we, my dear Friend, tho' absent i [...] Body be present in Spirit, in him who is omni­present. May we unitedly go on in the Cause of our common LORD and Master, to promote his Honour in winning Souls to him! May we bear a faithful and undaunted Testimony to him before all Men, in the midst of a perverse Generation! May we not flinch, but declare the Truth as it is in JESUS, not daubing, nor daring to make the Way to the Kingdom of GOD wider than it is. And may we finally be received up into the Mansions of Glory, there to live with all the righteous Generations, with those that have washed their Garments white in the Blood of the Lamb, and with those that have laid down their Lives for the Testimony of JESUS, and to sing with them, Hallelujahs, Glory and Praise, forever and ever! May the Antient of Days, the Alpha [Page 55] and Omega, keep thee in his Arms, direct thee by his Spirit, support, comfort and watch over thee, is the fervent Prayer, of my dear Friend, thine in great Sincerity.

J. PORTSMOUTH.

My Friend, Mr. William Seward, received also a Letter from his Brother, in which were the following Paragraphs.

I had a Letter per last Post from Mr.—wherein he speaks of one Mr.—of Corpus Christ College, whom his Uncle, a Clergy­man, hath entirely discarded, and wrote to the College to expel him for his Methodistical Notions.

The old Clerk at Breferton, whom I before spoke of, having heard Mr. Whitefield at Bad­s [...]y, was so affected, that he told me, he could have no rest in his Spirit; but after searching the Church-Homilies, Articles, &c. and finding the Doctrine every way agreeable to them, he met with the Landlord of Contercup, who dis­coursing about Mr. Whitefield, told him he had some old Books that set forth the very same Doctrine. Soon after this he went to Work, being a Taylor by Trade, and asking for one of these Books, the others being lent out, he said he had not read above a Page or two, be­fore the Truth broke in upon his Soul like Lightning. He said he could not go on with his Work with any Satisfaction, but [...] [...] ­gers itched to be at his Book again, which the Man lent him home with him; a few [...] after, he got the other, which so strengthen [...] [Page 56] and confirmed him, that he could lay his Life down in Defence of the Truth as it is in JESUS. He says, the Gospel appears to him, as though he never read a Line in it before; and it is a greater Miracle to him, that he, an old Sinner, with one Foot in the Grave, should be called at these Years, than if he had seen the Dead raised. He always, by what I can learn, bore a fair Character, and was esteemed by his Neighbours, but now threatned with the Loss of his Bread, for coming to Badsey Society, and declaring his Testimony to the Truth of Mr. Whitefield's Doctrine, or rather I should say, the Doctrine of the Gospel. The Books he met with are very oil, and, he says, were thrown by as waste Paper out of a Cler­gyman's Library, that was sold after his Death, whereby the Contercup Man met with them, and they seemed very providentially reserved for his Use.

Persons wonder at me, because I talk of Per­secution, now the World is become Christian; but alas! was JESUS CHRIST to come down from Heaven at this Time, he would he treated as formerly. And whoever goes forth to preach the Gospel in his Spirit, must expect the same Treatment as his first Apostles met with. LORD, prepare us for all Events.

Preached this Evening at Hackney-Marsh to about two thousand People.—I prayed and dis­coursed for above two Hours, and with greater Demonstration of the Spirit than ever.—Floods of seemed [Page 57] Tears were shed by the Hearers, and the Doctrine seemed to make its own Way into their Hearts. Every Day have I more and more Reason to rejoice in what GOD has done for my own, and others Souls. Thousands at the great Day will have Reason to bless GOD for Field-Preach­ing. Then our Pharisees will believe. But LORD, grant the Veil may be taken from their Hearts, and the Scales from their Eyes, before that dreadful Day! For then Convictions will come too late.

Tuesday, July 24. Dispatched my private Affairs, and preached in the Evening at Kenning­ton-Common, to about 15000. The Doctrine, I believe, distilled like the Dew. May the Lord JESUS water their thirsty Souls!

Wednesday, July 25. Preach'd this Evening at Edmonton, at the Desire of many. The Congregation was large and attentive, and I rejoiced in having an Opportunity of offering Salvation freely to the Rich. Oh, that all in high Stations were rich towards GOD!

Thursday, July 26. Preached to upwards of ten Thousand at Hackney-Marsh, where I ap­pointed purposely to preach, because there was to be an Horse-Race in the same Field. Blessed be GOD, I had the Pleasure of bearing my Te­stimony against such unchristian Entertainments. Very few left the Sermon to see the Race, and some of those returned back again quickly, to whom I took Occasion of speaking with something of the Love and Simplicity of CHRIST, To him be all the Glory. I think this is a manifest Proof [Page 58] of the Success of our Doctrine. By the Help of GOD I will still go on to attack the Devil in his strongest Holds. The common People go to these Diversions for Want of knowing better. If we can once draw them from these, their Minds will be better prepared to receive the Gospel. Prosper, O LORD, this Work of my Hands upon me!

Friday, July 27. Preached at Kennington-Common to my usual Number of Hearers; went to Lewisham, was kindly entertained by Mrs.—and lay at the House of Mr.—both which re­ceived me and my Friends with Joy. Blessed be GOD for all his Mercies.

Saturday, July 28. Spent a comfortable Hour with my Friends in the Morning; went to pay a Visit to the Family of Justice Delamotte, at Blendon, where we exhorted and built up each other in the Knowledge and Fear of GOD. Preached at Blackheath in the Evening, and came home rejoicing that I saw great Fruits of my Ministry. The Bills which are sent to me, plainly prove, that GOD has worked on Num­bers of Souls. At the Judgment Day you shall see, O Pharisees, what Good has been done by this Foolishness of Preaching. Many I believe, come to the Fields to worship the Father in Spirit and in Truth. GOD se [...]keth such to worship him.

Sunday, July 29. Preached this Morning in Moorfields to a much larger Congregation than we had last Sunday, and collected 24 l. 9 s. for the School at Kingswood. Received the Sacra­ment at St. Paul's, and preached at Kennington-Common [Page 59] in the Evening, where 20 l. was collec­ted. GOD sent us a little Rain; but that only washed away the curious Hearers.—Near thirty Thousand stood their Ground, and GOD, I believe, watered them with the Dew of his heavenly Blessing. A more visible Alteration for the better is made in the People daily, a good Work is wrought in the Hearts of Numbers. It would be endless to recount how many come to me under strong Convictions of their lo [...]t Estate. GOD has begun, GOD will carry on the good Work in their Souls;—Even so, Lord JESUS!

Monday, July 30. Was busied all the Morning in directing those to believe in JESUS CHRIST, who came asking me, What they should do to be saved? Preached at Plaistow, about 6 Miles from London, and an uncommon Power was in the Congregation.—My own Heart was much enlarged, and I returned home much rejoiced within myself that the Lord JESUS was pleased still to manifest himself more and more amongst us.

Tuesday, July 31. Preached at Newington near Hackney, to about twenty thousand People, many of whose Hearts, as well as my own, were warmed under the Word. I preached upon Genesis iii. 15. and I hope the Seed of the Woman is now bruising the Serpent's Head to some Purpose. Amen, Lord JESUS, Amen!

Wednesday, August 1. Preached this Evening at Mary Le Bone Fields, at the other End of the Town, to near thirty Thousand, and went after­wards to take my Leave of Fetter-lane Society. [Page 60] We parted in Love, and I hope the next Time we meet, we shall be in or at least nearer Heaven. Oh, that we may comfort one another with the Prospect of this Thing.

Thursday, August 2. Preached at Newington to upwards of twenty Thousand People, and came home much rejoicing to see what a great Work GOD has done in this City. Thousands and I believe ten Thousands, come constantly to hear. Scoffers seem afraid to shew their Heads, being frequently overpowered by GOD's Word. I hope the Time is coming which the Prophet speaks of: Behold ye Despisers, and wonder, and perish; for I will work a Work in your Days, which you shall in no wise believe, though a Man declare it unto you.

Friday, August 3. Spent the Day in compleat­ing my Affairs, taking my Leave of my dear Friends, and preached in the Evening to near twenty Thousand at Kennington-Common. I chose to discourse on St. Paul's parting Speech to the Elders at Ephesus, Acts xx. at which the People were exceedingly affected, and almost prevented my making any Application. Many Tears were shed, when I talked of Leaving them. I con­cluded all with a suitable Hymn, but could scarce get to the Coach, for the People's throng­ing me, to take me by the Hand, and give me a parting Blessing. And here I cannot but shut up this Part of my Journal with a Word or two of Exhortation to my dear Brethren, whosoever they are, whom GOD shall stir up to go forth into the Highways and Hedges, into the Lanes [Page 61] and Streets, to compel poor Sinners to come in. You see, my dear Brethren, what great Things GOD has already done.—It is unknown how many have come to me under strong Convictions of their fallen Estate, and what Numbers of Bills I have received from Persons seeking CHRIST, desiring to be awakened to a [...]ense of Sin, and giving Thanks for the Benefits GOD has imparted to them by my Ministry. Letters of Invitation have been sent me from different Parts of the Kingdom. O my dear Brethren, have Compassion on our dear LORD's Church, which he has purchased with his own Blood.—Suffer none of them to be as Sheep having no Shepherd, or worse than none, those blind Lead­ers of the Blind, who let them perish for Lack of Knowledge, and are no better than Wolves in Sheep's Cloathing. If you are found faithful, you must undergo a strong Persecution. A Person in Power told me, nothing but the Fear of Strengthening my Interest. kept off the Storm. But the Enmity of the natural Man is so great against GOD, that if the Good Work, which is begun is carried on, it will soon break through all Restraints, though thereby our Enemies will confound themselves; but the Scriptures must be fulfilled. Oh arm People against a Suffering Time; exhort them always to be obedient to the higher Powers; remind them again and again, that our Kingdom is not of this World, and that it does not become Christians to resist the Powers that are ordained of GOD, but pa­tiently to suffer for the Truth's Sake. At present [Page 62] GOD calls me to Trials of a different Nature; but I am persuaded, e'er long, it will be given me not only to believe, but also to suffer for our LORD's Sa [...]. Oh let us strive together in our Prayers, that we may fight the Good Light of Faith, that we may have that Wisdom which cometh from above, that we may never suffer for our own Faults, but only for Righteousness Sake. Then will the Spirit of CHRIST and of Glory [...] upon our Souls, and being made perfect by suffering here, we shall be qualified to reign eternally with JESUS CHRIST hereafter. Amen, Amen!

Eternal Universal LORD,
Maker of Heav'n and Earth art Thou.
All Things sprang forth t'obey thy Word,
Thy pow'rful Word upholds them now▪
Why then with unavailing Rage,
Did Heathen with thy People join,
And impotently fierce engage,
To execute their vain Design?
Indignant Kings stood up t'oppose,
The LORD, and his Messiah's Reign,
And Earth's confederate Rulers rose,
Against their GOD in Council vain.
Surely against thy Holy Son,
(Son of thy Love and sent by Thee,
One with th' anointing Spirit, One
With thy co-equal Majesty.)
[Page 63]
Herod and Pilate both combin'd,
Thy Sov'reign Purpose to fulfil,
Gentiles and Jews unconscious join'd,
[...] accomplish thy Eternal Will.
And now their idle Fury view,
And now behold their Threatnings, LORD,
Behold Thy faithful Servants too,
And strengthen us to speak thy Word,
Embolden'd by thine outstretch'd Arm,
Fill us with Confidence Divine,
With Heav'nly Zeal our Bosom warm,
That all may own the Work is Thine.
May see the Tokens of thy Hand,
Its Sovereign Grace its healing Pow'r,
[...] Happiness withstand,
And fight against their GOD no more.
Now let their Opposition cease,
Now let them catch the quick'ning Flame,
And for [...]'d to yield, the Signs increase,
The Wonders wrought by JESU's Name.
A CONTINUATION OF Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL, &c.
[Page]

A CONTINUATION Of the Reverend Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL FROM His Embarking after the Embargo. To His Arrival at Savannah in Georgia.

PHILADELPHIA: Printed and Sold by B. FRANKLIN, in Market-street, 1740.

[Page 67] A CONTINUATION OF Mr. Whitefield's JOURNAL, &c.

Lewisham, Deptford and Blendon.

SATURDAY, August 4. Lay last Night at the House of one Mrs. Sw, being strongly invited. Went in the Morning to Deptford. Pray'd, sung Psalms, and gave a Word of Exhortation at 2 or 3 Houses. Re­ [...]urn'd to dine with Mrs. Sparrow. Expounded to a Room full of People. Preached at Black­heath to about 10,000; and went and lay at Blendon, to the great Comfort and Rejoicing of my Soul. Oh that my Mouth was [...]ver filled with the Divine Praise!

Blend [...]n, Bexley and Blackheath.

Sunday, August 5. Rose much strengthen'd and refreshed in the inner Man. Expounded, prayed and sung Psalms at Mr. Delamotte's Door, with a great Number of Souls that came from London. Read Prayers and assisted in Admini­string the Sacrament to several hundred Com­municants at Bexley Church. Preached to about [Page 68] 15,00, in Justice Delamotte's Yard: And again in the Evening to about 20,000 at Blackheath.—The Weather was wet but only a few were driven away by it.—Great Power came upon me from above, and I opened my Mouth with all Bold­ness.—GOD water'd us with the Dew of his Heavenly Blessing. Oh that we may all grow in Grace, and in the Knowledge of the LORD JESUS CHRIST!

Blendon and Chatham.

Monday, August 6. Spent the former Part of the Day most agreeably at Blendon, and preach'd in the Evening at Chatham, about 18 Miles from thence, to above 12,000 People.—I never, ob­served more Decency and Order in any Place, at my first preaching, than at that. Had a Confe­rence, after Sermon, with one, who, I fear, with some others maintains Antinomian Principles.—From such may all that know them turn away! For tho', to use the Words of our Church Article, Good Works do not justify us, yet they follow after Justification; so that a true Faith may be known by them, as a Tree by its Fruits.

Chatham, Blendon, Blackheath and Lewisham.

Tuesday, August 7. Left Chatham early this Morning. Dined at Blendon; and preached in the Evening at Blackheath.—It rained very much the whole Day.—We expected but little Com­pany: However there were about 2000, whom GOD richly rewarded for waiting in the Rain.—I discoursed on the Conversion of Zach [...]us the [Page 69] Publican,—and I hope there was Joy in Heaven over some of my Hearers repenting.—Out of the Abundance of my Heart my Mouth spake.—They received my Doctrine as the Thirsty Ground receives the former and the latter Rain.—I know not when I have been more delighted. LORD, in doing thy Commandments there is great Reward!

Lewisham, Deptford and Blackheath.

Wednesday, August 8. Lay at Lewisham. Went on board the Ship now fallen down to Deptford, and sanctified it by the Word of GOD, and by Prayer. Din'd at Mr. W—s of Lewis­ham, and preach'd at Blackheath, to near 20,000 People, on the Pharisee and the Publican. I felt much Freedom in myself, and could not but take Notice of a Fundamental Mistake his Lordship of London was guilty of, in a Pastoral Letter published this Day; for in it he exhorts his Clergy so to explain the Doctrine of Justifica­tion by Faith alone, as to make our good Works a necessary Condition of our Justification in the Sight of GOD.—St. Paul in his Epistle to the Galatians, pronounces a dreadful ANATHEMA against the Maintainers of such Doctrines.—I pray GOD his Lordship may see his Error, and thereby be freed from so tremendous a Sentence.

On board Ship, Lewisham and Blackheath.

Thursday, August 9. Went this Morning, and continued on Board till Afternoon, settling my little Family. Dined at Lewisham: Preached [Page 70] at Blackheath, to a very large Congregation. Took a little Refreshment, and went and lay on Board, in order to be ready to finish my Affairs in the Morning. Several Companies of Friends came to see me in my floating Habitation; and some continued with me all Night. In answer to their Prayers, I doubt not but we shall be as safe as Noah was in the Ark. Every Place is alike to those who have the Presence of GOD with them.

Heav'n is, dear LORD, where-e'er thou art,
O never then from me depart,
For to my Soul 'tis Hell to be
But for one Moment void of thee.

Lewisham, Blackheath and Blendon.

Friday, August 10. Finished my Ship Business. Breakfasted at Lewisham. Spent the Remainder of the Day most comfortably at Blendon; and preach'd in the Evening to a yet greater Congre­gation at Blackheath. The People expecting it would be the last Time, were much affected with Sorrow; but a great Shout of Rejoicing was heard amongst them, when I told them of my continuing to preach till Monday. GOD has made himself a willing People in the Day of his Power. Oh all ye Servants of the LORD, bless ye the LORD, praise him and magnify him for ever.

Blendon and Blackheath.

Saturday, August 11. Began in the Spirit of Love and Meekness, to answer the Bishop of London's Pastoral Letter.—I pray GOD give [Page 71] it his Blessing. Continued all Day at Blendon. Preached in the Evening at Blackheath, and re­turned to Blendon, with an earnest Desire to fit and prepare my Soul for the approaching Sab­bath. O how do I long for that Rest, which awaits the Children of GOD in a future State! LORD give me Patience to wait 'till my wish'd for Change cometh!

Blendon, Bexley, Blackheath, & Lewisham.

Sunday, August 12. Preach'd early in the Morning, to some Hundreds, in Justice Dela­motte's Yard; most of which came thither last Night, Singing and Praising GOD. Read Prayers. Heard an excellent and truly Christian Sermon from Mr. Piers▪ and assisted him in administring the blessed Sacrament at his own Church, to near Six Hundred Communicants. Preach'd at Three in the Afternoon, to near 3000 in Mr. Delamotte's Yard, and to near 40,000 at Blackheath: At each Place the Peo­ple were exceedingly affected. Much Devotion and due Reverence was to be seen during the time of administering the Holy Eucharist. And in the Afternoon particularly, at Blackheath, when I said, Finally Brethren Farewell; Thou­sands immediately burst into strong Crying and Tears. The Sight, I think must have melted down the most harden'd Heart; My own was so full that I did not know when to leave off: I continued my Discourse 'till it was near Dark, and collected near Fifteen Pounds for Kingswood School: And with great Difficulty got away in [Page 72] a Coach to Lewisham, where an hospitable Entertainment was prepared for me and my Friends.—Their Company was sweet to my Soul; but my Body being Weak, and GOD being pleased to visit me with some inward Trials, I retired to Bed with a deeper Sense of my own Vileness, than I have felt for some Time. LORD increase it for thy Mercies sake!

Monday, August 13. Rose very early and hafted to Blendon. Finish'd and sent to the Press, my Answer to my Lord of London's Pastoral Letter, which is as follows, viz.

The ANSWER.

MY LORD,

I NEED make no Apology for troubling your Lordship with this. As your Lordship was pleased to make me the chief Subject Matter of your last Pastoral Letter, I think it my Duty to answer it in the best Manner I can.

Your Lordship is to be highly commended, for the Care you have taken in Watching over the Souls of those who are committed to your Lordship's Charge.—Luke-warmness and Enthusiasm are the two Rocks, against which even well-meaning People are in Danger of sp [...]ting. All ought to be Thankful to that Pilot, who will teach them to steer a safe and middle Course. I would gladly hope, that a Zeal for GOD in the Discharge of your Duty, and a hearty Concern for the Safety of Souls, moved your Lordship to write.—These are the Principles, I trust, which now excite me to direct this [Page 73] Answer to Your Lordship. And, blesse [...] [...] GOD, that I can write with somewhat of [...] Love and Meekness which becomes a Disci [...] JESUS CHRIST, and with all that Humility [...] Reverence, which is due from a Presbyter [...] Bishop of the Church of GOD.

Lukewarmness and Enthusiasm, my Lord, are certainly the Bane of true Christianity. I thank Your Lordship again for your kind Cautions against them. The only Query is, ‘Whe [...] [...] there was any Occasion for Your Lordship's warning the People of your Diocess against running into either of these Extremes, upon account of any Thing I have either spoken or wrote?’ Your Lordship thinks there was, and you quote Passages out of my Journal to prove it; if it can be proved, I will ask publick Pardon, both of Your Lordship and Them, with all my Heart.

As for your Cautions against Lukewarmness, I am not much concerned in them. You do not seem to point at me in particular; unless it is where your Lordship (Page 10) informs your People, That a diligent Attendance on the Du­ties of the Station wherein Providence has placed them, is in the strictest Sense, the Serving of GOD. None but those who condemn me unheard, can justly charge me with affirming to the contrary.

However, I beg Leave to observe, that your Lordship (Page 8) calls that a very imperfect State of Christianity, which is no State of Christianity at all. St. Paul writing to [...] Corinthians, 2 Cor. Chap. 13. v. 5. [...] [Page 74] Examine yourselves whether ye be in the Faith, Prove your own selves. And that they might have a certain Rule, whereby to judge whether they were in the Faith, truly so called, or not, immediately adds, Know ye not your ownselves how that CHRIST JESUS is in you, except ye be Reprobates? So that according to St. Paul's Rule, ‘He that finds, he has hitherto contented him­self with a bare bodily Attend [...]nce upon the [...]ublick Worship of GOD, and following his daily Employment on other Days, and with abstaining from the more gross and notorious Acts of Sin, and from doing any Hurt or Injury to his Neighbour, and has rested finally upon these as the Whole that Christianity requires of him,’ is so far from being in a very imper­fect State, as your Lordship is pleased to affirm, (page 8) that he is in no State of Christianity at all. No, my Lord, he is a Reprobate, i e. one who at present is out of a State of Salvation; no [...] can he ever have any Assurance that he is in a State of Salvation, till he Knows that JESUS CHRIST is in him, by the Indwelling of his Holy Spirit. [...] I have mistaken your Lordship's Expression, I will freely [...] your [...].

Another Thing, my Lord, to me [...] darkly expressed in (pag. 8) (On! let not your Lord­ship [...] angry▪ for indeed I will endeav [...]ur to speak with all Gentleness and Humility) Your Lordship's Words are these, Nor need they any other Evidence besides those Good Dispositions [...] find in their Hearts, that the Holy Spirit of GOD co-operates with their honest Endeavours to [Page 75] subdue Sin and grow in Goodness. If by Good Dispositions, your Lordship only means Good In­clinations or Desires, I deny that to be a sufficient Evidence, that the Spirit of GOD co-opera [...]s with their honest Endeavours to subdue Sin and grow in Goodness. For there is a great Diffe­rence between Good Desires and Good Habits▪ Many have One, who never attain to the Other. Many have good Desires to subdue Sin, and yet resting in those good Desires, Sin has always had Dominion over them. A Person sick of a Fever may desire to be in Health, but that Desire is not Health itself. In like Manner many have good Dispositions or Desires to be good, but that is not Goodness itself. And consequently Men need more Evidence than good Dispositions, to prove to themselves or others, That the Holy Spirit of GOD co-operates with their honest En­deavours to subdue Sin. If by good Dispositions Your Lordship means good Habits wrought in the Heart by the Spirit of GOD, such as Peace, Love, Joy, Long-suffering, Goodness, Truth, &c. I then agree a Man needs no other Evidence. For these are the proper and genuine Fruits of the Spirit itself.

Your Lordship immediately adds, Nor that, persevering in their Course, and praying to GOD for his Assistance, and relying upon the Merits of CHRIST for the Pardon of all such Sins, Failings, and Imperfections as are more or less unavoidable in this mortal State. I beg Leave to ask your Lordship, whether this does not savour too much of the common Divinity, viz. That we are to [Page 76] do something for ourselves; or, in other Words, that we have partly a Righteousness of our own, and that JESUS CHRIST is to MAKE UP the Deficiencies of that Righteousness? What else can your Lordship mean, by saying, That we must rely on the Merits of CHRIST, for the Pardon of all such Sins as are more or less unavoidable in this mortal State?' Did JESUS CHRIST come into the World, my Lord, only to save us from the Guilt of such Sins as are more or less una­voidable in this mortal State? The Scriptures every where affirm, That Man hath no Righte­ousness of his own: That there is none Righteous, no not one: That all our Righteousness is as filthy Rags; and that JESUS CHRIST died not only to save us from the Guilt of all such Sins, Failings and Infirmities, as are more or less unavoidable in this mortal State, but from all wilful Sins, and also from that original Corruption, which every Man naturally engendred of the Off-spring of Adam, brings into the World with him. I hope I have not misunderstood or overstrained Your Lordship's Expression.

I come now to Your Lordship's Caution against Enthusiasm. For that I suppose Your Lordship [...] intended more particularly against me.

And here, my Lord, I [...]eg Leave to observe, That in my Opinion, your Lordship has by no Means been clear enough in your Definition of the Word Enthusiasm.

According to the fair Rules of Writing, was it not first incumbent on your Lordship to shew, that the Word Enthusiast had a good as well [...] [Page 77] bad Meaning? that it signifies no more than a Person in GOD, and consequently every Chri­stian, in the proper Sense of the Word, is an Enthusiast? For St. Peter writes, That to us are given exceeding great and precious Promises, that by these we might be Partakers of the Divine Nature. And our Church says, If we receive the Sacrament worthily, we are one with CHRIST and CHRIST with us, we dwell in CHRIST and CHRIST in us. For which she has sufficient Warrant from our LORD'S Prayer, John 17. 20. Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on Me through their Word. Ver. 21. That they all may be one, as thou Father art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us. Ver. 23. I in them and they in me, that they may be made perfect in one. Ver. 26. That the Love wherewith thou hast loved me, may be in them and I in them.

But indeed your Lordship's Definition of Enthusiasm, when examined, does not convey any ill Idea at all. Enthusiasm is a strong Persuasion on the Mind, that they are guided in an extraordinary Manner, by immediate Impulses and Impressions of the Spirit of GOD.’ Had Your Lordship said, a strong, but groundless Persuasion, that they are guided in an extraor­dinary Manner, it would have been to your Lordship's Purpose. But to affirm without any Restriction, that a strong Persuasion that we are guided in an extraordinary Manner by immediate Impulses, is Enthusiasm in the worst Sense of the [Page 78] Word, when your Lordship yourself says, (p. 54) ‘There is no Doubt but GOD, when he pleases, can work upon the Minds of Men by extra­ordinary Influences,’ to me seems a little in­consistent.

Your Lordship proceeds thus: ‘And this is owing chiefly to the Want of distinguishing aright between the ordinary and extraordinary Operations of the Holy Spirit. The extra­ordinary Operations were those by which the Apostles and Others, who were entrusted with the first Propagation of the Gospel, were ena­bled to work Miracles, and speak with Tongues, in Testimony, that their Mission and Doctrine were from GOD.’

I suppose, by extraordinary Operations, Your Lordship means the same as being guided in an extraordinary Manner just above. And if so, according to your Lordship's own Definition, I am no Enthusiast. For I never did pretend to these extraordinary Operations of working Mira­cles or speaking with Tongues, in Testimony that my Mission and Doctrine were from GOD; I only lay Claim to the ordinary Gifts and Influen­ces of the Spirit, which your Lordship (pag. 20) says, 'still continue.' And what Need was there then, my Lord, that the People of your Diocese should be cautioned against Enthusiasm on my Account?

But your Lordship farther adds, ‘the ordinary Gifts, however real and certain in themselves, are no otherwise discernable than by their Fruits and Effects.’ Had your Lordship said, [Page 79] no otherwise discernible to others than by their Fruits and Effects, it would have been right. But if your Lordship means they are no other­wise discernible to ourselves, in my Opinion it is wrong: For it is possible, my Lord, for a Per­son to feel and discern these ordinary Gifts and Influences of the Spirit in himself, when there is no Opportunity of discovering them to others. For Instance, on Supposition that your Lordship was assisted by the blessed Spirit in writing your Pastoral Letter,—might not your Lordship be sensible of an inward Joy and Complacency, wrought by that self same Spirit, which was not then discernible to others? So likewise it is pos­sible for another to feel Joy in the Holy Ghost▪ with the rest of his Fruits, which at that Time▪ may not be discernible to others; and which they who have never experienced the like may not believe, though a Man declare it unto them. I hope, my Lord, these Reasonings carry with them their own Evidence.

But to proceed (Pag. 20,21,22,23,24,25). Your Lordship has taken Pains to collect several Passages out of the publick Liturgy, to prove the Doctrine of Regeneration or our New-Birth, to be the Doctrine of the Church of England. Your Reason for so doing, appears (pag. 23) ‘to [...] your People against any Suggestions, as of our [...] were regardless of the [...] [...] of Regeneration and New-Birth, as if there [...]. Need for any Member of it to see [...] elsewhere for [...] spiritual Service.’ I [...] this, my Lord, was Intended to arm your People against any [Page 80] such Suggestions made by me; indeed your Lordship does not do me Justice. As your Lordship, I find, has done me the Honour to peruse my third Journal, your Lordship may remember this Observation (Page 206) that, after I had baptized an Adult, I proved the Necessity of the New-Birth, from the Office of our Church.

In my Sermon upon the Indwelling of the Spirit of GOD, which I have made bold to send your Lordship with this Letter, you will find I have quoted the Expressions of our own Church Offices, to prove the Doctrine of the New-Birth, as your Lordship does in your Pastoral Letter. My constant Way of Preaching is, first, to prove my Propositions by Scripture, and [...] to illu­strate them by the Articles and Collects of the Church of England. Those that have heard me, can witness, how often I have exhorted them to be constant at the publick Service of the Church. I attend on it myself, and would read the public Liturgy every Day, if your Lordship's Clergy would give me Leave. What further Satisfaction can your Lordship require, that I do not suggest to your Lordship's People, ‘as if our Church were regardless of the Doctrine of Regenera­tion and New-Birth, and as if there were Need for any Member of it, to seek elsewhere for a more spiritual Service?’

In the following Paragraph, your Lordship has the same Insinuation, as though I wanted to introduce Extempore Prayer, [...] to lay aside the publick Liturgy of our Church. For after your Lordship had been speaking against Praying by [Page 81] the Spirit, and affirming that the Scripture no where tells us, that Prayer is the single Work of the Spirit your Lordship says to your People, You have great Reason to be thankful to God for a publick Service prepared to your Hands. My Lord, I never said to the Contrary. But does not your Lordship seem to insinuate at the same Time, that we are not to depend on the Spirit of GOD to enable us to pray Extempore, either in public or private? That Prayer is not the single Work of the Spirit, without any Co-operation of our own, I readily confess. But that the Spirit of GOD does assist true Christians to pray extem­pore now, as well as formerly, is undeniable if the Scriptures be true. For what says the Apo­stle? We know not what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit itself helpeth our Infirmities, and maketh Intercession for us with Groanings that cannot be uttered. And this is [...] upon a general Promise made to all GOD's People. Zacharias 12. 10. I will pour upon the House of David, and upon the Inhabitants of Jerusalem, the [...] of Grace and of Supplication. And I believe, my Lord, we may appeal to the Experi­ence of all true Christians, whether or no they did not find the Spirit of Supplication, or a Power of Praying without a Form, encrease in Proportion to the Increase of GOD's Grace or Holy Spirit in their Hearts. This is all, my Lord, that I pretend to: And where is the Impropriety of this, when your Lordship confesses in the s [...]me Page, that the Spirit of GOD does particularly assist us, in a due Performance of Religious Offices?

[Page 82] Farther, as your Lordship seems to deny the immediate Assistance of the Holy Spirit in our particular Addresses at the Throne of Grace, so your Lordship seems to deny it also in our par­ticular Actions. ‘In like Manner, your Lord­ship says, we are firmly persuaded in general, that we live under he gracious Influence of GOD's Holy Spirit, and that he both excites and enables us to do Good. But that this or that Thought or Action is an [...]ct of the sole Motion or immediate Impulse of the Spirit, without any Co-operation of our own Mind.’—My Lord, who ever affirmed that there was no Co-operation of our own Minds, together with the Impulse of the Spirit of GOD? Your Lord­ship adds, ‘Or that the Holy Spirit, and our natural Conceptions, do respectively contribute to [...] or that Thought or Action, in such a Measure, or to such a Degree; these are Things we dare not say.’ Indeed, my Lord, I dare say them. For i [...] there be any such Thing as a particular Providence, why may we not expect particular Directions from GOD's Holy Spirit in particular Cases? Does not our Church, my Lord, teach us to pray, that GOD's Holy Spirit may [...] Things direct and rule our Hearts? But your Lordship says, We dare not say this, because our Saviour has told us, that we know no [...] of the Workings of the Spirit, than we know of the [...] from whence it cometh or whither [...] [...]. Neither [...]eed we know any more of them; but you must allow, that we know as much. Cannot your Lordship feel the Wind [Page 83] then? Does not your Lordship know when it [...] an Impression upon your Body? So easy is it for a spiritual Man to know when the Holy Spirit makes an Impression upon his Soul. With out acknowledging this, all the Expressions [...] being, led by the Spirit, walking by the Spirit and such [...], must be only [...] many Word [...] any real Meaning. [...] Lordship acknowledges, that the Holy Spirit does act i [...] general, and [...] not in the particular Action [...] of our [...] also? For can the One [...]e without the [...] [...]ppen, my Lord, that [...] Happiness of our where I was depend on one particular Action? [...], my Lord, is the Absurdity of saying, that the Holy Spirit may, even in the [...]est Circumstance, direct and rule our Hearts? I have been the more particular, my Lord, on this Part of your Lordship's [...], because if this [...] [...], many of your Lord­ship's Objections against my Journals will [...] to the Ground.

Page 27, Your Lordship has the following Paragraph. ‘GOD forbid that in this prof [...]e [...] [...] Age, every Thing [...] [...] [...] that it is [...] of. But at the [...]me [...] surely very [...], that Men should [...] reasonable Evidence or it Divine [...].’

I take it for granted, that I am one of those Men whom your Lordship thinks should be [Page 84] called upon for some reasonable Evidence of a Divine Commission.

But, my Lord, what reasonable Evidence does your Lordship require? Did I not receive Letters dimissory from your Lordship's own Hands to be ordained Priest? Did I not, when ordained Deacon affirm, That I was inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost, to take upon me that Office and Ministration? Did not my Lord of Gloucester, when he ordained me Priest, say unto me, Receive thou the Holy Ghost, now committed unto thee by the Imposition of our Hands, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost? And is not this, my Lord▪ a reasonable Evidence that I act by a Divine Commission? If this be not true, must not all those whom your Lord­ship, or the other Bishops ordain, act only by a human Commission? Nay (to use the Words of Bishop Burnet in his Pastoral Letter) Must not they who are ordained, Lie, not only unto Man but unto GOD, by saying, They are inwardly moved by the Holy Spirit?

If your Lordship in any wise disputes my acting by a Divine Commission, you disclaim your own Divine Right and Authority; nor can you possibly avoid the Dilemma, of either al­lowing my Divine Commission, or denying your own.

After Your Lordship has insinuated a Demand for the Evidences of my Divine Com­mission, immediately follows these Words, When they tell us of extraordinary Communications they have with GOD.

[Page 85] If by extraordinary Communications, your Lordship means the extraordinary Operations of the Holy Spirit, as Working Miracles, and Speaking with Tongues; your Lordship may assure yourself, I never pretend to any such Thing.—If, by extraordinary Communications, your Lordship means more Assistances and Com­forts from GOD at some Times than I have at others (which is all I mean by extraordinary Communications) I own the Charge. And what is there▪ my Lord, extraordinary in that?

Again, Your Lordship says (Page 28) When they talk in the Language of those who have a special and immediate Mission from GOD.

And does your Lordship, and the rest of the Bishops, ordain any, without obliging them first to give good Proofs, that they have a special Call or immediate Mission from GOD to the Work of the Ministry? If ever you so do, my Lord, doth not your Lordship lay Hands too suddenly upon Men?

(Page 29) Your Lordship writes thus.—When they profess to think and act under the im­mediate Guidance of a Divine Inspiration.

And does not your Lordship think and act▪ by the same Rule? Why otherwise does your Lordship pray, when you administer the Holy Communion, that GOD would cleanse the Thoughts of our Hearts by the Inspiration of his Holy Spirit.

(Page 31) Your Lordship says, When they speak of their Preaching and Expounding, and the Effects of them, as the sole Work of a Divine Power.

[Page 86] And would your Lordship have me ascribe any Thing in the least to myself?

The Good that is done upon Earth, doth not GOD do it himself? Does not the Apostle say, Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any Thing as of ourselves, but our S [...]cienc [...] is of GOD? And where then, my Lord [...] is the Ab­surdity of ascribing the Effect [...] of Expounding and Preaching to the sole Work of a Divine Power?

Again▪ Page 33) [...] sudden and surprising Effects as wrought by the Holy Ghost, in Consequence of their Preaching.

Where, my Lord, is the Enthusiasm of such a Pretension? Has your Lordship been a Preacher in the Church of England, for so many Years, and have you never seen any sudden or surprising Effects consequent upon your Lordship's Preach­ing? Was this my Case, should I not have Reason to doubt, my Lord, whether I had any more than a bare human Commission? Or might I not take up the Prophet's Lamentation, Oh my Leaness, my Leaness! My Lord, the Gospel, like its Author, is the same Yesterday, to Day and forever; and, if preached as it ought to be, will prick Numbers to the Heart, and extort the Cry of the trembling Goa [...]er, What must I do to [...]e saved? as surely Now, as it did Seventeen Hundred Years ago.

These then are the sudden and surprizing Effects, my Lord, I always desire to have, and heartily pray GOD your Lordship and all your Clergy may always see such Effects in Conse­quence of their Preaching.

[Page 87] (Page 34) When they claim the Spirit of Prophecy.

What I have said about my Success, GOD has been pleased to fulfil already. What I have said about Sufferings, they who without Cause are my Enemies, are fulfilling daily. And as for the Promises mentioned in my Journal, I freely own there are some particular Promises which GOD has so strongly impressed and does still impress on my Heart, that I verily believe they will be fulfilled.

(Page 35) When they speak of themselves in the Language, and under the Character of Apostles of CHRIST, and even of CHRIST himself.

If I am not to speak in an Apostolical Language, why did my Lord of Gloucester give me an Apostolical Commission, Whose Sins thou d [...]st forgive, they are forgiven; and whose Sins thou dost retain, they are retained. And I hope▪ my Lord, using the Words which JESUS CHRIST used, is not taking upon me the Character of CHRIST.

(Page 36) When they profess to plant and propagate a New Gospel, as unknown to the Generality of Ministers and People in a Christian Country.

'Tis true, my Lord, in one Sense, mine is a New Gospel, and always will be unknown to the Generality of Ministers and People, even in a Christian Country, if your Lordship's Clergy follow your Lordship's Directions. For what says your Lordship (Page 46) I hope that when Ministers preach to you of Justification by Faith [Page 88] alone, which is asserted in the strongest Manner by our Church, they explain it in such a Manner as to leave no Doubt upon your Mind, whether good Works are a necessary Condition of your being justified in the Sight of GOD.

But pray, my Lord, where has the Scripture made good Works a necessary Condition of our being justified in the Sight of GOD? St. Paul says, By Grace ye are saved, thro' Faith, not of Works, and that lost any Man should boast; for Eternal Life is the Gift of GOD through JESUS CHRIST our LORD. Your Lordship exhorts your Clergy to preach Justification by Faith alone, and quotes the 11th Article of our Church, which tells us, we are justified by Faith only, and not for our own Works or Deservings. * At the same Time your Lordship bids them, explain it in such a Manner as to leave no Doubt upon their Minds, whether good Works are a necessary Con­dition of their being justified in the Sight of GOD, Your Lordship, in my Opinion, could not well be guilty of a greater Inconsistency. This, my Lord, is truly a New Gospel. I am sure it is not what the Apostles preached; and it is as contrary to the Doctrine of the Church of England, and the whole Tenor of the Gospel, as Darkness is contrary to Light. Had your Lordship insisted on your Clergy's preaching up good Works [...] a necessary Fruit and Consequence, instead of a necessary Condition of our being justified, your Lordship would have used your Authority aright. [Page 89] For we are commanded to shew forth or declare to others, that we have a True Faith by our Works. And the 12th Article of our Church says, that good Works follow after Justification; and how then, my Lord, are they a necessary Condition of our Justification? No, my Lord, Salvation (if the Gospel be true) is the free Gift of GOD through JESUS CHRIST. Faith is the Means whereby that Salvation is applied to our Hearts, and good Works are the necessary Fruits and Proof of that Faith.

This, my Lord, is the Doctrine of JESUS CHRIST, this is the Doctrine of the Church of England, and it is because the Generality of the Clergy of the Church of England do not preach this Doctrine, that I am resolved, GOD being my Helper, to continue instant in Season and out of Season, to declare IT unto all Men, let the Consequences, as to my own private Person, be what they will.

As for your Lordship's blaming me [...]r rashly censuring the Clergy for their Practice, none are concerned but my Indolent, Earthly-minded, Pleasure taking Brethren (Page 39) And surely Your Lordship will not stand up in their Defence. No,—I hope your Lordship will not fail to rebuke Them sharply. And as for your Lord­ship's Suspicions (Page 50) (For your Lordship's Sake I would not mention them) I hope my Life and Doctrine—will always prove them to be groundless.

Would Time permit, I could now proceed to satisfy your Lordship more particularly about the [Page 90] Case of Mr. Benjamin Seward; but as that is done in a Letter sent to my Lord of Gloucester, and published in my last Journal; and as I am now to embark in a few Hours, I hope Your Lordship will excuse me, if I only add my hearty Prayers for Your Lordship's temporal and eternal Welfare, and subscribe myself,

My LORD,
Your Lordship's Obedient, Tho' unworthy, Son and Servant, GEO. WHITEFIELD.
*
See the 11th, 12th and 13th Articles of our Church.

Din'd, and took leave of my [...] [...]ping Friends. Rode with many of them [...] [...]rith. Gave them a final and sorrowful Farewell; and from thence went in a Boat with my [...] Fel­low-Travellers to Gravesend, where our [...]hip was fallen down. In the way I was much [...] ­fied by reading an Extract out of Bishop Hopkin [...] his and [...] Hammond's Sermons on the New-Birth, and th [...]e it my Duty to recommend them publickly to [...]. Blessed be GOD, for detaining [...] by the Embargo: Many, as [...], I hope, have Reason to rejoice [...] [...]. LORD! [...]ach me daily in all [...] thy Will, without pres [...]ing [...] my Heart, What [...]est thou?

[...]
[...]
[...]
[...]
[Page 91]

On board the Elizabeth, Capt. Stevenson, bound from England to Philadelphia.

Tuesday, August 14. Got on board about Eight last Night, and received the following Letter from Thomas Webb, Clerk of the Parish of Bretforton in Worcestershire; whom Mr. Benj. Seward mentioned in a Letter, published in my last Journal.

Reverend and Worthy SIR,

Altho' I am unknown to you in Person, yet as I trust I am, by the Grace of GOD, awa­ken'd to a New and Spiritual Life, thro' the powerful Influence of your Ministry, I think myself under an Obligation to give my Testi­mony to the Truth as it is in JESUS; and to pay my grateful Acknowledgments to the Free­dom of that Divine Grace which has made you so wonderfully instrumental in Calling me, a most unworthy Sinner, at this last Hour of the Day, from a state of Darkness and Insensibili­ty, to the marvellous Light of his glorious Gospel. The Circumstances of my Conversion were as follows. I heard you was to preach on Thursday the 19th of [...] last at Mr. Seward's of [...]: and living at Bretforton, a Village about a Mile from thence (where I have been Clerk of the Parish for about thirty Years, being now in the Sixty-third Year of my Age) my Curiosity, as I then should have termed it; but, as it is since evident by the Consequence, the wonderful Goodness and Providence of Almighty GOD, led me to hear [Page 92] you, which I did with great Attention, and was much affected. The next Day being Good Friday, I attended your Ministry again, with great Warmth, when you spoke with such Demonstration of the Spirit, and with Power, from these Words, Watch therefore, &c. That I soon was convinced I was in the State of the foolish Virgins, who were unprepar'd to meet the Bridegroom, having all my Life long taken up with the Lamp of an outward Profession, thinking it sufficient, that I duly and constant­ly attended the publick Worship, Sacraments, &c. but I soon found, to my great Confusion, that I had all my Life long been offering to GOD the Sacrifice of Fools; being destitute of the pure Oil of Grace in the Heart, which could alone make me meet to attend the Mar­riage Feast of the Supper of the Lamb. The New-Birth, Justification by Faith only, the want of free Will in Man to do good Works without the special Grace of GOD, and the like, was as it were new Language to me: For tho' I remembred the Letter of these Doctrines, yet the spiritual Sense thereof, I was an utter Stranger to: But being very much oppressed in Thought, concering most important Truths which you delivered, as soon as I returned home, I search'd an old Exposition of the Ca­techism, the Church Articles, and Book of Homilies, which I found exactly to correspond with what I had heard deliver'd by you.—Some Days after this, I being a Taylor by Trade, was sent for to Work at a little Ale-House, [Page 93] called Conter [...]up, where (tho' one of the [...]st Places I should have expected Food for the Soul) the Man of the House told me he had some old Books which he had of one Mr. F— a Glazier and Plumber in Tweksbury, who had thrown them by, in order to send them to the Paper Mill, as fit for no other purpose; but he begged they might be given to him; that he had heard Mr. Whitefield; had got his Sermons on the New-Birth, and that these old Books spoke to the very same Purpose as Mr. White­field did: Upon which I desired to see one of them (the other being then lent out) the Title whereof was ‘General Directions for a comfor­table Walking with GOD, by Robert Bolton an old Divine of our own Church. I had not read long, before the Light broke in upon my Soul, with such powerful Evidence, that I was from that Instant clearly convinced, and, I hope by the Grace of GOD, determined not to know any Thing, save JESUS CHIRST and him crucified. Upon this I avoided all carnal Acquaintance and Reasoning, as much as pos­sible; constantly attended the Religious Socie­ty at Badsey; where, by hearing your Sermons, and other Religious Exercises, I daily was strengthened and comforted. Soon after this I got the other old Book, which was so pro­videntially preserved from the Paper-Mill: The title whereof was as f [...]llows, ‘Six Evan­gelical Histories, Water turn'd into Wine. The Temple's Purgation. Christ and Nicodemus. John's last Testimony. Christ and the Woman [Page 94] of Samaria: The Ruler's Son healed: Contain'd in the second, third & fourth Chap of St. John's Gospel: Open'd and handled by the late faith­ful Servant of GOD, Daniel Dyk [...], Batchelor in Divinity. Printed Anno Domini 1617.

This old Book has been a very grateful Cordial to my Soul; and tho' I have lived under the Sound of the Gospel for so many Years, and thought I did not want to be taught the first Principles of Christianity at this Age, being, as I apprehended, well thought of, and esteem'd by all my Neighbours▪ yet I am fully convinced, that I knew nothing as I ought to know; and that the Gospel was to me a sealed Book; but by the wonderful free Grace of GOD, tho' before I had Eyes that saw not, Ears, and heard not, I now received it as a Savour of Life unto Life; and can say experi­mentally, that the Word of GOD is a Light unto my Feet, and a Lanthorn to my Paths.—For this Declaration of the Truth, I have suffered the Reproach and Derision of them that were round about me: But I trust, that the Grace of GOD, which hath called me when so old and dead in Trespasses and Sins, will also touch the Hearts of my Opposers, and work in them both to will and to do of his good Pleasure. I have been even threatn'd with the loss of my Bread, for the Profession of the Truth; but I hope GOD will turn the Hearts of my Enemies; if not, and it were his blessed Will, I hope I should be enabled to lay down my Life in Defence of the Gospel, [Page 95] which I can truly say, is glad Tidings of great Salvation to my Soul; and could, I think, be content with old Simeon, to [...]ry out in transport, LORD, now lettest thou thy Servant Depart in Peace. The inward Light and Comfort I have felt, being to me more Miraculous than if I had seen one [...]ose from the Dead.—May the LORD prosper your Labours, and make them success­ful to the turning many Souls to Righteous­ness: And as you know in whom you have believed, so I am confident you will join with me in giving all Glory to that GOD, who I trust hath created us anew in CHRIST JESUS; in whom I most humbly and thankfully beg leave to subscribe myslef,

Your most unworthy Servant, THOMAS WEBB.

Rose early this Morning and reduc'd my Family into order. Wrote some Letters, and, after much Entreaty, went to Gravesend: Read Prayers and preached at Milton Church, near the Town,—The Congregation was large.—I spoke with Freedom; and returned back to the Ship about [...] in the Evening. Blessed be GOD, I was much rejoiced at my Retiring from the World. Oh that GOD may now shew me my self!

Search, try, O LORD, my Reins and Heart,
If Evil lu [...]ks in any Part,
Correct me where I go astray,
And guide me in thy perfect Way.

[Page 96] Wednesday, August 15. Began to put those of my Family who were prepared for it, into Bands. In all we are 8 Men, 4 Women, 1 Boy and 2 Children, besides Mr. Seward and myself. The Conversion of one of the Men was particularly remarkable.—Not long since he was Master of a Ship which was lost near the Gulf of Florida. Providence was pleas'd to throw him and his Crew upon an Island, where they continually expected the Waters to overflow them. At the End of ten Days, they saw a Ship, and gave a Signal of Distress: The Ship made towards them. The Captain, now with me, went out with his Boat, and begged for a Passage for him­self and Men.—It was granted him on Condition he would leave some of his Crew behind upon the Island; but he would not consent: At length the other Commander agreed to take all. But as soon as ever my Friend put off the Boat to fetch his Men, the Commander made Sail and lest them. All this seemed quite against, but in the End GOD shewed it was intended for the Good of my Friend. After 30 Days Continu­ance upon the Island, having fitted up the Boat with some [...]lanks they took out of a Ship which had been lost 5 Months before, Nine of them committed themselves to the Providence of GOD: The others cared not to venture themselves in so small a Boat. Having failed about 140 Leagues, they came at length to Ty [...]e Island▪ 15 Miles off Savannah. An Inhabitant being near the Place, espied them, and brought them Home with him. I being inform'd what had happen'd, [Page 97] invited the Captain to Breakfast with me; and reminded him of the Goodness of GOD: He then seem'd serious; and coming very providen­tially in the same Ship with me, when I returned from Georgia, GOD was pleased to work more effectually upon his Soul. And he is now re­turning with me to Georgia again. Many Offers have been made him to go into the World; but he rather chuses to suffer Affliction with the Peo­ple of GOD. Most of my other Assistants have left good Places, and are willing freely to spend and be spent for the Good of the Orphan House. Several of them have already found, all I hope are seeking, CHRIST. We seem perfectly set­tled already; and whatever Storms GOD may permit to attack us without, I hope we shall have a constant Peace within and among ourselves.—Blessed be GOD, I find myself compos'd, and perfectly resign'd; nay, much rejoiced at my present Situation. Oh that I could always have no other Will but GOD's!

Thursday, August 16. Had still greater Rea­son to rejoice at the Regulation of my Family. Wrote several Letters; and began to have pub­lick Prayers Morning and Evening; and spent above an Hour in exhorting and examining into the Interiours of my Fellow-Travellers, and went to Bed almost forgetful that I had ever been out in the World. Forever blessed be GOD's Holy Name, thro' CHRIST.

Friday, August 17. Had a brisk, but favour­able Gale, which carried us directly thro' the Downs.—Sent some Letters on Shore, and rejoiced [Page 98] much in my happy Settlement on board. In the Morning most of my Family were sick; I did not entirely escape: GOD enabled us to give Thanks; and as we came to sail more directly before the Wind, our Disorder gradually went off. Thus is humane Life chequer'd. I bless GOD we are in good Order; And if the Voyage ends as happily as it begins, we shall have abundant Reason to bless GOD for it. Grant this, O LORD, for thy dear Son's sake!

Saturday, August 18. Made but small Ad­vances in our Way, there being but little Wind, and that not very fair, till about 6 this Evening, at which Time it favoured us very much. Was enlighten'd in Reading GOD's Word. Had my Heart warmed with a Sense of his Love and distinguishing Mercies. Was enlarged in Praying several Times with and for my Friends; and was very earnest with GOD to give me Grace to improve my present Retirement to his Glory, the Good of his Church, and the Edification of my own Soul. Perceived also my bodily Strength to encrease, and enjoyed such unspeakable Peace and Tranquility within, that I was often filled with a Holy Confusion, and was obliged to retire to give my Soul vent.—Our LORD, I am sure, sails with us. O infinitely condescending GOD!

Sunday, August 19. Administred the Holy Sacrament early this Morning. Sung an Hymn and continued in Prayer for near an Hour after­wards, in Behalf of ourselves and absent Friends. My Heart was much melted down [...] enlarged. The Power which was given me was soon com­municated [Page 99] to my Companions: They sympa­thized and wept with me. A Spirit of Love seem'd to be sent forth amongst us. May it in­crease ever more and more.

Both at Morning and Evening Prayers the Captain and Ships Company attended very order­ly. The Remainder of the Day was spent in Reading, Prayer, Singing and Praising GOD. The Ship continued sailing directly before the Wind, at the Rate of about 5 or 6 Miles an Hour:—Most seem'd sensible of, and thankful for the Divine Mercies. Thanks be to GOD for this unspeakable Gift. Amen, Lord JESUS.

Monday, August 20. Fair Wind all Night, by which our Ship was carried to the Bay of Biscay, and went before the Wind at 6 Miles an Hour, almost the whole Day. The Wind being brisk, and a great Swell coming out of the Bay, most of us grew sick, and could do little else but lie down upon our Beds. This rejoiced me much; for I had a glorious Opportunity of spending many Hours in strict Communion with GOD, to ask Pardon for the Defects of my publick Ministry, and to pray for Strength against future Work and Trials. My Soul was frequently dissolved into Tears.—A Sense of my actual Sins and natural Deformity, humbled me exceedingly: And then the Freeness and Riches of GOD's Everlasting Love, broke in with such Light and Power upon my Soul, that I was often awed into Silence, and could not speak any more.—A dear Companion was with me, and help'd me to lament, pray, and give Praise. Oh the Comforts [Page 100] of Religious Friendship! Sanctify it, O LORD, to me, for thy dear Son's sake!

Tuesday, August 21. Contrary Winds all Day, and the Swell continuing, kept all my Family, as well as myself, a little sickish. I conversed with GOD by Prayer and his Word most of the Time, and felt Enlargement of Heart in the Evening. Oh that by Conversing with GOD I may be changed from Glory to Glory, and fitted for what­ever he has appointed for me to do or suffer, during my Pilgrimage here on Earth!

Saturday, August 25. Had but little regular Sleep since Tuesday; the Winds continuing con­trary:—Last Night it blew a hard Gale. Most of my Family still continues sick;—I waited on them as well as I could, and prayed to GOD to make me willing to become the Servant of ALL. Frequently interceded for absent Friends, and remembred those in particular, who by their kind Presents administred much to our Comfort on Board. Had two or three providential Confe­rences with the Captain of the Ship, and some of the Men. Read Dr. Guise his Paraphrase on the Evangelist St. Matthew; I think it the best I ever met with. Endeavoured to keep close to GOD, by Watching unto Prayer, for Direction and Help in Time of Need. Frequently was enlighten'd to see the Pride and Selfishness of my Heart; and as frequently long'd for that perfect Liberty wherewith JESUS CHRIST sets his Ser­vants free. The Sea was calmer to Day than before.—My Family grew better, and we spent near two Hours this Evening, in talking of the [Page 101] inward State of our Souls, and preparing for the Reception of the blessed Sacrament. LORD, grant that we all may have on a Wedding Gar­ment.

Sunday August 26. Administred the Holy Sacrament early this Morning.—Spent the Re­mainder of the Day in Reading, Intercession, &c. GOD was pleased to enlighten me in Reading his holy Word,—and gave me Satisfaction in the Behaviour of those about me. The Wind was still contrary, and the Sea rough, but I had a great Calm and Joy in my Soul. How can I be thankful enough for the glorious Opportunity I now enjoy for Self-Improvement. Let all that is within me, praise GOD's holy Name.

Monday, August 27. Had the Pleasure of seeing three Jamaica Ships come altogether: Two of which spoke to us, and by them we sent News of our Situation to England. Was much assisted in Writing an Account of GOD's Deal­ings with me in my infant Days, which I have prayed for Strength to do these three Years, but never had Power given me till this Day. Blessed be GOD, the Weather was more calm, the Wind more fair, and my Family better and better; so that I trust we shall get Strength against future Crosses.—As yet this is the most comfortable Voyage I have made. Oh that I may grow in Grace, and then my Happiness will encrease daily!

Tuesday, August 28. Calm Weather and smooth Sea. Was assisted in Reading the holy Scrip­tures. Rejoiced much in the good Behaviour of [Page 102] those about me. One Part of the Day selt some irregular Passion [...] in my Heart, but in the Evening [...] so vi [...]ited from above that my Soul was quite confounded with a [...] of the Divine Goodness. This Day [...] left Savannah. LORD, how [...] [...] multiplied thy Mercies upon me [...] that [...]! and [...] th [...] [...] [...] delight [...] m [...], and [...] this Retirement so sweet and profitable [...] my Soul, that my only Fear is [...] should be over [...]. But my Times are in GOD's Hands. LORD let me have no Will of my own, for thy dear Son's sake!

Friday, August 31. Very light Winds for two Days last pas [...], and an entire Calm to Day; but GOD was pleased to send me many inward Strugglings.—I could do Nothing but lay myself down, and offer my Soul up to GOD.—At Night I prayed with strong Cryings and many Tears before all my Family, for them and all those dear People who have recommended themselves to my Prayers.—Afterwards my Soul received Comfort. Oh that these inward [...] may purge, humble and purify my polluted, [...] and treacherous Heart! Let all that love me, [...] Amen.

I observe these inward Trial alway [...] follow inward Communications: For these two Days [...] pas [...] I have been [...]ch assisted; and lest I should be p [...]ssed up, and that my Mind may be prepar'd to receive greater Degrees of [...]ight, GOD out of Love has sent me a Thorn in the Flesh. LORD grant this loving Correction of [...] may make me truly great! Amen, LORD JESUS, Amen.

[Page 103] Sunday, September 2. Still very light Winds and fair Weather. Weak and [...] [...] Body these two Days. Administred the Holy-Sacra­ment in the Morning. [...] public Prayers as [...]: all [...] very orderly; [...] something of a [...], as I [...] [...], was to be seen thro' the whole Ship. [...] particu­larly, in the Evening, into the Interiors of my [...]. Blessed be GOD, I hope we grow in [...], and [...] more and more, to [...]ear one [...].—Grant we may thus for ever fulfil thy Law, O CHRIST!

Saturday, September 8. Advanc'd about 100 Leagues this Week, in our Way to Philadelphia. [...] Weather most Part of the Time, which [...] many of us to be [...] afresh. [...] the Account of my Life before mentioned, and was much pressed in Spirit to print it. [...] bless i [...] for thy dear Son's sake. [...] as pungent a Sense of Sin and my inbred Corruptions as ever I had in my Life.—I groan daily to be [...] at Liberty. Dearest [...] [...] [...]!

Sunday, September 9 [...] Sacrament, [...] we were not [...] to pray for [...] Friends [...] Shore. Read [...] expounded as usual to the Ship's Company in the Morning; but [...] at his Desire, the [...] af­ternoon.—All attended very [...] chiefly concerning the false Pretences and [Page 104] Education of those who run before they are called of GOD, into the Ministry of the Church of England. Wo be to those that give the Adversaries Leave thus to speak reproach fully of us; it had been better for them if they had never been born.

Saturday, Sept. 15. Had a pleasant Prospect to Day of some of the Western Islands. Gave myself to Reading the Word of GOD, and Prayer, the most Part of this Week. Was visited with frequent inward Trials. Had many Things on my Heart to write, but am as yet withheld. Ended the Week comfortably with my Family, and was exceedingly strengthen'd in reading Professor Frank's Account of the Orphan-house of Glaucha in Hall.—It seems in many Circumstances, to be so exactly parallel to my present Undertaking for the Poor of Georgia, that I trust the Orphan-house about to be erected there, will be carried on and ended with the like Faith and Success. Amen, Amen.

Sunday, Sept. 16. Administred the Sacrament, and had a Love-Feast afterwards. Expounded as usual at Morning and Evening Prayers.—GOD's Power was amongst us. The Day was calm and clear; and tho' we do not go forwards much in our Course, yet I trust we shall every Day be fitted more and more, for those various Turns of Providence which I expect we shall meet with when we come to Shore. Let thy Grace, O LORD, be more than sufficient for us. Amen, LORD JESUS, Amen.

Saturday, Sept. 22. Underwent inexpressible [...] [...] Soul for two or three Days, at the [Page 105] Remembrance of my Sins, and the bitter Conse­quences of them.—Surely my Sorrows were so great, that had not GOD in the Midst of them, comforted my Soul, the Lord would have been insupportable.—All the While, I was assured GOD had forgiven me, but I could not forgive myself, for sinning against so much Light and Love.—Methought I felt something of that which Adam felt when turned out of Paradise: David when he was convicted of his Adultery; and Peter when with Oaths and Curses he thrice denied his Master.—I then, if ever, did truly smite upon my ungrateful Breast, and cry, GOD be merciful to me a Sinner. I eat but very little, and went mourning all the Day long.—At length my LORD looked upon me, and with that Look melted my rocky Heart, and Floods of contrite Tears flowed out before my whole Family; and indeed I wept most bitterly.—When in this Condition, I wonder'd not at Peter's running so slowly to the Sepulchre, when loaded with a Sense of Guilt.—Alas! a Consideration of ag­gravated Crimes quite took off my Chariot-Wheels, and I drove so exceeding heavily, that was I always to see myself such a Sinner as I am, and as I did then, I should not be able so much as to look up. This latter Part of the Week, blessed be the LORD, he has restored me the Light of his Countenance, and enlarged my Heart to write freely, and praise him with joyful Lips. Our Ship being got Southwardly into the Trade Winds, and the Weather warm. I and some of my Companions lay upon Duck. We [Page 106] had the Holy Sacrament on the Festival of St. Matthew; and tho' we are like to have a long, yet I trust it will be a profitable Voyage to our Souls. [...]lessed be GOD, that [...] and correct me, and not give me [...] Death. It is good for me to b [...] thus [...], for thereby I [...]et an experimental Knowledge of GOD's Love. Praise the LORD, O my Soul!

Sunday, Sept. 23. Had a sweet Sacrament, and Love Feast afterwards. Was much streng­then'd both in my Morning and Evening Exer­cises; and selt such Intenseness of Comfort, and Warmth of Heart towards my absent Friends, as made me for a while forget the Anguish I lately felt; but at Night a Sense of my Sins weighed me down again, and I mourned in my Prayers and was vexed.—Alas! how are they mistaken, that go out of the World to avoid Temptations.—I never am so much tempted as when confined on Ship-board:—A Mercy, this, [...]n GOD, to keep me in Action, and prepare me for future Blessings. Luther says, ‘He never undertook any fresh Work, but he was either visited with a Fit of Sickness, or some strong Temptation.’ Prayer, Meditation and Temp­tations are necessary Accomplishments in his Account, for every Minister. May I follow him [...] [...]e followed CHRIST!

Saturday, Sept. 29. Administred the Holy Sacrament this Morning. Had fair Winds, and [...] upon Deck with my Companions the greatest [...] of the Week. Have been much streng­then'd and assisted in Writing every Day:—An [Page 107] ample Recompence for the Trials of the last Week.—Thus does GOD sometimes humble and sometimes exalt; all his Dispensations perfect the Regenerate Soul. Had little Time for Reading, but this Afternoon was exceedingly strengthened by perusing some Paragraphs out of the Book called [...] Preacher, written by Dr. Edwards of Cambridge, and extracted by Mr. Jonathan Warn, in his Books entitled, The Church of England Man [...], and [...] the Back-Door to [...]. There are such noble Testimonies given before that University, of [...] by Faith alone; the [...] CHRIST; our having no [...], &c. that they deserve to be written in [...] of Gold. I [...] more and more the Benefit of leaving Testimonies behind us, con­cerning these important Points: They not only profit the present, but will also [...] edify the [...] Age LORD [...] thou m [...] [...], that I may [...] more boldly and explicitly as I ought [...]o [...]!

Sunday, September 30. Administred the Holy Sacrament, and had a Love-Feast. Expounded with Power in the Morning to the Sailors, and lent my Cabbin in the Afternoon to the Quaker Preacher.—He [...] with much Earnestness; but in my Opinion, his Foundation was [...]. He seem'd to make the Light of natural Con­science, and the Holy Spirit one and the same Thing, and represented CHRIST within, and not CHRIST without, for the Foundation of our Faith:—Whereas the outward Righteousness of [Page 108] JESUS CHRIST imputed to us, I believe, is the sole Foundation and Cause of all the inward Communications which we receive from the Spirit of GOD. Oh that all of that Persuasion were convinced of this.—Till they are, they cannot preach the Truth as it is in JESUS!

Saturday, October 6. Contrary Winds most Part of this Week, and made a very slow Pro­gress towards Philadelphia. Had great Assistance in Writing, and strong Convictions of my past Sins. Held a close Band for some Hours this Evening, with my whole Family, wherein we open'd our Hearts, confessed our Faults to, and pray'd for one another. Do thou, O great and mighty Physician of Souls, hear and heal us.—Amen and Amen.

Sunday, October 7. Administred the Holy Sacrament, had a Love-Feast and expounded as usual. The Wind blowing very fresh, the Ship Men were obliged to attend the Sails, and so could not come to publick Worship. Sailed sometimes 9 Miles an Hour, for which we endeavoured to praise the LORD. Had com­fortable Communion with GOD, in interceding for our dear Friends on Shore; and at Night felt such Freedom in my Spirit, from a Load I labour'd under, as caused me to break out into many Thansgivings to GOD. Every Day more and more convinces me, that the LORD will fulfil the Desires of them that fear him: He is the Father of Mercies; He is the GOD of all Consolation; He can create Comfort out of Nothing, and bring Comfort out of the greatest [Page 109] Confusion. This my Soul knoweth right well. O my Soul, be not slack to praise him!

Tuesday, Oct. 9. This Morning our whole Ship's Company was brought to an Allowance of Bread, two Biskets a Day for each Person. Blessed be GOD, thro' the Bounty of Friends in England, as yet my Family have got Provision enough. The LORD in return feed our Benefac­tors with that Bread which cometh down from Heaven!

Friday, Octob. 12. Kept a Family Fast this Day, that we might afflict ourselves before our GOD; to seek of him a right Way for us and for our little Ones, and for all our Substance: I trust it was such a Fast as the LORD would chuse: His Divine Presence was amongst us, and we had good Reason to hope and believe, that the LORD was entreated of us, Oh that we may find more and more Reason to say so, when we come on shore. I dread going into the World. But wherefore do I fear? LORD, I beli [...]e, O help my Unbelief, that thou wilt keep me unspotted from it.

Saturday, Octob. 13. Still GOD is pleased to send us contrary Winds, but very warm and pleasant Weather. The Power of Writing has been in a great Measure taken from me; but GOD has been with me in Reading, Expounding and my other Exercises of Devotion. Have experienced some blessed Teachings of his Holy Spirit, in convicting me of the Pride, Sensuality and Blindness of my own Heart, and of the Advantages Satan has gain'd over me by working [Page 110] on them. I have also been more enlighten'd into the Knowledge of that Mystery of Godli­ness, GOD manifest in the [...]; and saw more and more of GOD's Goodness in letting me have this Time of Retirement, to search out my Spirit. I would not but have come this Voyage for a Thousand Worlds: It has been sweet and profitable to my Soul: The Length and Conti­nuance of it highly delights me. LORD, I want to kn [...]w myself and thee. O let not the Hurry of Business which awaits me on shore, prevent my hearing the small still Voice of the Holy Spirit. Enable [...] as thou did [...] thy Servant Enoch, whether in publick or private Life, to walk with thee, my GOD.

Sunday, October 14. Felt GOD's Power with us both at Sacrament and publick Worship, Morning and Evening Was enlarged in Inter­cession, and had reason to believe there was a sweet Communion kept up between us and our Friends on shore.—The Thought of their Pray­ers often li [...]ts up my I [...] when they hang down, and strengthens my feeble Knees: The Prospect of the many Changes and Trials which I must necessarily be exposed to undergo, sometimes fills me with Fear and Trembling; but when I reflect that GOD has stirred up the Hearts of his choicest Servants to pray for me, my Fears va­nish: Methinks I could then leap into a burning fiery Furnace, or bear to be thrown into a Den of devouring Lions. LORD make me thus minded in the Hour of Trial! My dear Friends, continue to pray for me, that my Faith fail not.

[Page 111] Saturday, Oct. 20. On Tuesday and Wednesday had the roughest Weather we have yet met with, but the latter Part of the Week has been warm and calm. All our fresh live Stock of every kind is now gone, but thro' the Divine Bounty in raising us Friends, we have not only Food enough for ourselves, but some to spare to the Ship's Company. My being on board is every Day more and more comfortable. I experience fresh Teachings and Communications from GOD's holy Spirit, and have received some remarkable Answers to Prayer, both in respect to myself and Family. We are most of us l [...]sty as Eagles, and eat our [...]read with Gladness and Singleness of Heart. The LORD is pleased to fill me out of his Divine Fulness, and to shew me more of the Glories of the Upper World. I can never be thankful enough for this sweet Retreat. How wonderfully does the great and in [...]itely wise GOD cause every Thing to work together for our Good. I want a Thousand Tongues to praise him. Let every Thing that hath Breath praise the LORD.

Saturday, Octob. 27. Came into Soundings on Sunday last; saw Land on Monday, and were within a few Leagues of Ca [...]e Hinlop [...]n, which opens into the Bay whither we are bound; but Providence was pleased to keep us back by contrary Winds. Met with a Jamaica Brigg on Thursday, and had an Opportunity of sending a Packet by her to my dear Friend Mr. N—of New-York. Came within Sight of Land again to Day, but still are kept back. Blessed be [Page 112] GOD, I am quite resigned,—I like my Retire­ment too well to be fond of leaving it, till the LORD obliges me. Our Provisions are grown pretty scanty; the People are put to an Allow­ance of about half a Pound of Beef for each in a Day, and we have diminished our own Stock by helping them,—in this we rejoice,—How­ever, blessed be GOD, we have got plenty of Water, and very fair Weather; and my Family I think was never in better Order in respect to their Bodies or Souls. The LORD has been especially gracious unto me, as he always is in Time of any Necessity: He has been pleased to give me great Freedom in Writing, and has vouchsafed me such plentiful Communications from himself, that I have abundant Reason to cry out, Surely GOD is in this Place.

Lo! GOD is here, my Soul adore,
And own how dreadful is this Place!
Let all within thee feel his Power,
In Silence bow before his Face.
To Him let all thy Thoughts arise,
Ceaseless accepted Sacrifice.

Sunday, October 28. Felt more of the Divine Assistance to Day, than I have since I came on Board: I have been engaged in Writing my extempore Sermon on the Marriage of Cana,—The Holy Ghost brought many Things to my Remembrance; and tho' I have well drunk of Divine Comforts since my Retirement already, yet I may say, with the Governor of the Feast, LORD, thou hast kept the good Wine til now. Hasten that Time, O Lord, when I shall drink it n [...]w in thy heavenly Kingdom.

[Page 113] Monday, Octob. 29. Had a sweet Opportunity offered me to Day, of giving a few Sermons and something out of my little Stock, to a Captain of a Sloop and his Company, who had been driven to great Extremity, Oh how gently does GOD deal with me and mine; how has he con­sidered our Weakness, and not permitted us to fall into great Dangers and Wants. Blessed be his Name for evermore! Amen, Amen.

PENNSYLVANIA. Lewes-Town.

Tuesday, October 30. Had sweet Communion with GOD last Night. Prayed with, exhorted and solemnly recommended my Family to the Grace of our dear LORD JESUS, expecting to go on Shore. This Morning, being near Cape Hinlopen, a Pilot came on board, in whose Boat Brother Seward, myself, and another dear Friend, went to Lewes-Town, in Order that we might go to Philadelphia by Land, and get a House in Readiness before the Ship arrived in that Place.—Whilst in the Boat, I hope each of our Hearts was filled with a Sense of GOD's Love; and when we reached Lewes-Town, which was about Evening, I took the first Opportunity of retiring to vent my Heart in Praise and Thanksgiving, for his abundant Mercies conferr'd on me and mine.—Oh how can I be thankful enough for this blessed Voyage! I have been on board just Eleven Weeks, but they have seem'd to me only as so many Days;—My inner Man has been much better'd by it; my Knowledge, I trust, in spiritual Things increased; my Understanding [Page 114] enlightned to see my Corruptions, and my Heart much enlarged in writing Letters and other Things. The Remembrance of my Humiliation is sweet unto my Soul; and the Freedom which GOD has given me over some darling Failings, fills me with Joy unspeakable and full of Glory. My Family also have great Reason to be thank­ful: GOD has been pleased to work upon many of their Hearts, and I believe none of them repent Leaving their Native Country. A re­markable Alteration is to be seen in two Friends Children, a Boy and a Girl, which I brought with me:—They are little more than 3 Years old, and can read in the Primer, and sing Part of Kenn's Hymns very prettily; they have born the Voyage better than any in the Ship, and are under great Discipline; they are both generally employed either in Working or Reading, and are taught to make Work their Diversion; the little Boy picks Pease, and the little Girl sews with her Needle; the Proficiency they have made gives me great Satisfaction, and I hope is an Earnest of the Improvement that will be seen in the poor Children that are shortly to be com­mitted to my Care. I cannot say any remarka­ble Conversions have been wrought on board, but many have had strong Convictions. LORD, cause them to end in a [...] Conversion. Amen.

But to return: About 5 in the Evening we landed at Lewes-Town, situated in the Southern Parts of the Province of Pennsylvania, and about 150 measured Miles from Philadelphia,—The Houses are most of them built of Wood; it is [Page 115] not above half so big, but more plentiful in respect of Provision, than Savannah in [...]. We had not been long in the [...], but GOD soon shewed us [...] had pr [...]p [...]'d our Way; for News had been brought a [...], of my coming hither. Two or Three of the Head-Inhabitants being apprized who I was, came and spent the Evening with us, and desir'd me to give them a Sermon on the Morrow, which I promised to do. We s [...]pped very comfortably together, and after Singing and Praying with the Family, I and my dear Companions went to rest, admiring to see more and more of the Goodness and Providence of the all-wi [...]e GOD. He is the great Housholder of the whole World; and I look upon all Places as so many little Parts of his great Family. I pray to him before I go; and I find, in Answer to my Prayers, he always commands some or other of his Houshold to take Care of, and provide for me. As here's the same Sun, so here's the same GOD in America as in England. I bless GOD all Places are equal to me, so I am where GOD would have me to be. I hope I never shall count my­self a [...] home, till I arrive at my heavenly Father's House above,—My Heart is there already,—I long to s [...]ake off this Earthly Tabernacle; it sadly confines my Soul: However, I desire patiently to tarry till my blessed Change cometh: I would not desire to reign till I had suffered with my Master:—Heaven will be doubly sweet when I am worn out with Distresses and Perse­cutions for the Sake of JESUS CHRIST. LORD [Page 116] grant I may continually be looking up to the Glory which is to be revealed hereafter, and then deal with me as it seemeth Good in thy Sight, during my Pilgrimage here.

If rough and thorny be my Way,
My Strength proportion to my Day,
Till Toil and Grief, and Pain shall cease,
Where all is calm, and Joy and Peace.

Wednesday, October 31. Spent the Morning in Writing, and sent some Provisions on board for my Fellow-Travellers. Wrote some Letters, and preached in the Afternoon to a serious and attentive Congregation: Persons of different Denominations were present, and, as I heard afterwards were very much affected; some I observed to weep, and the Congregation was larger than might be expected in so small a Place, and after such short Notice. After Sermon, the High-Sheriff, Collector and Head Men of the Place, came and took an affectionate Leave of me: And by their Means being provided with Horses, and a Guide for our Journey, at a very reasonable Expence; about 5 in the Evening we left Lewes-Town, and rode very pleasantly near 27 Miles through the Woods; about 10 we stopped at what they call a Tavern, which was not very commodious, but the Host and Hostess were plain well-meaning People; they made us a Cake of unleavened Bread; let us have a little Cyder and a few Eggs, and we went to Bed rejoicing exceedingly. I know not that I have felt more Intenseness of Love, Peace and Joy in my Soul, since I left England. How does GOD [Page 117] delight to visit when we are out of the World! Oh that my Heart may be made meet for such a Divine Guest to reside in! Amazing, that the HIGH and LOFTY ONE, who inhabiteth Eternity, should condescend to dwell in Earthly Tabernacles! What shall I say unto Thee, O thou Preserver of Men! I am lost in Wonder! A Sense of thy Mercies strikes me dumb.

A guilty, weak, and helpless Worm,
Into thy Arms I fall:
Be Thou my Strength and Righteousness,
My JESUS, and my All.

Thursday, November 1. Set out from our little Inn about 8. Dined at Dover, a little Town about 19 Miles distant from our Lodging. Left [...] Books, and rode as pleasantly, and with as much Ease, as tho' we were Riding thro' Hyde-Park. About 8 we came to a more polite Inn, near 50 Miles distant from where we lay last Night. Our LORD was with us as we came on our Way; our Hearts burn'd within us whilst we talked to one another, in Psalms, and Hymns, and spiritual Songs. Oh how gloriously must the Children of Israel pass through the Wilderness, when they saw GOD's Presence go along with them. O LORD let it always ac­company thy unworthy Servants, in as sure, tho' not visible Manner! for without it we can do nothing.

Friday, November 2. Rode near 60 Miles without Fatigue, and reached Philadelphia before 11 at Night. As I travelled I observed the Country was more open, and many plentiful [Page 118] Plantations lay on each Side the Road▪ so that I frequently thought I was, as it were, in England. Going abroad, if duly improved, cannot but enlarge our Ideas, and give us exalted Thoughts of the Greatness and Goodness of GOD. Lord enable me to learn this, and every other good Lesson, for thy dear Son's sake.

PHILADELPHIA.

Saturday, November 3. Delivered the Letters committed to my Charge. Went on board the Elizabeth, to see my Family, who arrived last Night. Visited the Proprietor, Commissary, and some others; was received very civilly, and perceived the Town was in great Expectation of seeing me. [...] with some gracious Souls, who discoursed with me sweetly concerning the Things which belong to the Kingdom of Heaven. Hired a House at a very cheap Rate, and was entirely set­tled in it before 9 at Night. Methinks going thus from Place to Place, with my Friends, somewhat resembles the Patriarch Abraham's frequent Re­moves, when called to leave his Kindred and his native Country. Oh that, like him, we may erect an Altar for GOD, whithersoever we go! Bles­sed be his holy Name, he hath sent his Angel before [...]s to prepare our Way. All Things have been order'd for us far above our Expectations, and every Thing is so convenient, that I fear we shall be tempted to say, It is good for us to be here. But, [...] be GOD, we must move soon, and learn to endure Hardness as good Soldiers of JESUS CHRIST. LORD, for thy infinite Mercies sake, keep us striving till we die.

[Page 119] Sunday, November 4. Read Prayers and assisted at the Communion in the Morning: Dined with one of the Church-Wardens, and preached in the Afternoon to a large Congrega­tion. Went in the Evening to the Quakers Meeting, and felt somewhat of a Sympathy with the Man that spoke; but I heartily wish they would talk of an outward, as well as inward CHRIST; for otherwise we make our Holiness, and not the Righteousness of JESUS CHRIST, the Cause of our being accepted by GOD. From such Doctrine may I always turn away.

Monday, November 5. Read Prayers and Preach'd to a large Auditory. Din'd with the other Church-Warden; and had some close and edifying Conversation, about our Justification by Faith in JESUS CHRIST.—Was visited in the Afternoon by the Presbyterian Minister. Went afterwards to see the Baptist Teacher, who seems to be a Spiritual Man: And spent part of the Evening most agreeably with two loving Quakers. Had remarkable Instances of GOD's answering our Prayers, which we put up on board Ship, in the minutest Manner. O that I may watch GOD's particular Providence more and more! It comforts and builds up my Soul How unhappy mu [...] they be who would exclude it out of the World! Surely such must wan [...]r about in worse than Egyptian [...]. To live without a Sense of GOD's particular Providence, is, in Effect, to live without GOD in the World. From such a State, good LORD deliver me!

[Page 120] Tuesday, November 6. Read Prayers and Preached in the Morning; having the Use of the Pulpit granted me for the whole Week. Went, at the Invitation of its Father, to the Funeral of a Quaker's Child; and thought it my Duty, as there was a great Concourse of People at the Burying Place, and no one of the Quakers spoke, to give a Word of Exhortation. I hope this will be a Means of making them more free in coming to hear the Word, tho' preached within a Church Wall. Oh that Bigotry and Prejudice were ba­nished out of the Christian World! LORD, if it be thy Will, let it not be once named among us, as be­cometh Saints. Amen, LORD JESUS, Amen!

Was visited again in the Evening, by the Presbyterian & Baptist Ministers, who were much rejoiced to hear JESUS CHRIST preached in the Church. Whilst I was conversing with them, some Women came, desiring they might be ad­mitted to Evening Prayers with my Family: I looked on this as a Hint from Providence; called them up, and found much Enlargement of Heart in exhorting them, and pouring out my Heart be­fore GOD in their Behalf. Many came up af­terwards, whom I desired, if they thought proper, to come again every Night. Who knows but the LORD may be about to open a yet more effectual Door? O prepare me to do thy Will, O GOD!

Wednesday, November 7. Read Prayers and preached in the Church. Din'd with Mr. Penn the Proprietor; and prayed with, and gave a Word of Exhortation to more than a Roomfull [Page 121] of People, who came as last Night, to hear the Gospel of CHRIST. Blessed be GOD, I found much Freedom of Spirit; but having taken Cold, was obliged to leave off sooner than otherwise I should have done: However, in the midst of the Weakness and Purging of my Body, the Thoughts of seeing People come so gladly to hear the Word, refresh'd and comforted my Soul. LORD make it my only Joy to see thy Kingdom advanced and carried on. Amen and Amen.

Thursday, November 8. Read Prayers and Preach'd, rather to a more numerous Congrega­tion than I have seen yet. Dined with an ho­nest, open-hearted, true Israelitish Quaker. Had a sweet Opportunity with him and his Family, of talking about JESUS CHRIST, and him cruci­fied: And preached from the Court-House Stai [...]s, to about 6000 People, at Six in the Evening Blessed be GOD, I find, the Number that came [...]n Tuesday to my House, greatly increas'd and multiplied. The Inhabitants were very sollici­tous for my Preaching in another Place beside the Church: For it is quite contrary here, to what it is in England: There the generality of People think a Sermon cannot be preached well without, here they do not like it so well, if deliver'd with­in the Church Walls. LORD, grant I may be­come all Things, to all Men; and preach the Gos­pel in every Place, and in any Manner, as well as to every Creature; that by all Means I may save some!

Friday, November 9. Read Prayers and Preached as usual in the Morning, and perceived [Page 122] the Congregation still encreased. Visited a sick Person, to whom I was sent for, and perceived the Power of the LORD was present, both with the sick Person and those that attended around the Bed. Most wept sorely at the Preaching of Faith. Was visited in a kind Manner by the Minister of the Parish: And preached again at Six in the Evening, from the Court-House Steps. I believe there were near 2000 more present to Night than last Night. Even in London, I never observ'd so profound a Silence before my Coming. All was exceeding hush'd & quiet. The Night was clear, but not Cold. Lights were in most of the Windows all around us, for a considerable distance. The People did not seem weary of standing, nor was I weary of speaking. The LORD endued me with Power from on high. My Heart was enlarged and warmed with divine Love. My Soul was carried out in Prayer, that I thought I could have continued my Discourse all Night. After I came home, some desired to join in Family Pra­yers; and in that Exercise the divine Presence was manifest amongst us. Surely God has a Favour unto this People! At present they seem most gladly to receive, and sweetly to melt un­der the Word. LORD, I beseech thee, manifest forth thy Glory more and more: And grant that much People in this City may be enabled to believe on thee! Even so LORD JESUS. Amen and Amen.

Saturday, November 10. Before it was light, came a young Person whom I observ'd to be much affected last Night, desiring to join in Prayer; and [Page 123] after our Devotions were ended, she put into my Hand the following Letter.

‘Oh! what shall I say to express my Thanks I owe to my good GOD, in and from you, thro' JESUS CHRIST; which you have been the happy Instrument of beginning in my Soul: And if you have any Regard to a poor, miserable, blind and naked Wretch, that's not only Dust, but Sin, as I am confident you have, you will in no wise reject my humble Request; which is, that I, even I who am the most unworthy, may lay hold on this blessed Opportunity of forsaking all, in order to persevere in a virtuous Course of Life: Despise not thou thine Hand-Maiden; but O let me say, as Ruth the Moabitess said to her Mother-in-Law, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee; for whither thou goest I will go, and whither thou art there will I be also; thy People shall be my People, and thy GOD my GOD. Thus am I fully determined. I pray and beg that you would not despise thy poor, forlorn and destitute Fellow-Creature; and the LORD recompence thy Work, and a full Reward be given unto thee of the Lord JESUS CHRIST, under whose Wings I am come to trust.’

Soon after came a little Maid, about 7 Years of Age, telling me, she heard I took little Children to Georgia, and desired me to take her. In the remaining Part of the Morning several gracious Souls of different Communions, paid me a most loving Visit, and my Heart was much refresh'd with their pious Conversation. About 11 I read [Page 124] Prayers and preached in the Church, to a larger Audience than before. Din'd with the Minister of the Parish; and at my Return Home, was much comforted by the Coming of one Mr. Tennent, an old, grey-headed Disciple and Soldier of JESUS CHRIST. He keeps an Academy about 20 Miles off Philadelphia, and has been bless'd with four gracious Sons, three of which have been, and still continue, to be eminently useful in the Church of CHRIST:—He brought three pious Souls along with him, and rejoiced me, by letting me know how they had been evil spoken of for their Master's sake:—He is a great Friend to Mr. Erskine of Scotland; and as far as I can find, both he and his Sons are secretly despised here, by the Generality of the Synod, as Mr. Erskine and his Brethren are hated by the Judi­catories of Edinburgh, and as the Methodist Preachers (as they are called) are by their Bre­thren in England. Tho' we are but few, and stand, as it were, alone, like Elijah; and they, like the Priests of Baal, are many in Number; yet I doubt not but the LORD will appear for us, as he did for that Prophet, and make us more than Conquerors over all.

About 3 went to the Prison, and preached on the Trembling Jailor.—The Place was crouded, and many wept. Return'd home with the Swedish Minister and old Mr. Tennent. Conversed of the Things of GOD for a considerable Time; then preached in the Evening to as large a Con­gregation as there was last Night, from the Court-House Stairs. Satan endeavoured to [Page 125] interrupt us about the Middle of the Discourse; for the People were frightned with they knew not what, but they were soon at Peace. I preached above an Hour; and when I had finished, the People seemed unwilling to go away, so I began to pray afresh, and I hope the LORD sent them Home with his Blessing. Many to my Know­ledge, have been already quicken'd, and awaken'd to see that Religion does not consist in outward Things, but Righteousness, Peace and Joy in the Holy Ghost. Oh that they may not only receive the Word with Joy for a Season, but bring forth Fruit unto Perfection!

After Preaching, my House was filled with People, who came in to join in Psalms and Fa­mily Prayer: My Body was somewhat weak, but the LORD strengthen'd and enlarged my Heart. Many wept most bitterly whilst I was praying; their Hearts, I believe, were loaded with a Sense of Sin, the only Preparative for the Soul-refresh­ing Visitations of JESUS CHRIST. Blessed be the LORD for sending me hither: This has been a Day of fat Things. LORD, give me Humility, and make me truly thankful. Amen, LORD JESUS.

Sunday, November 10. Read Prayers in the Morning. Dined with the Collector. Preached in the Afternoon to a very thronged Congrega­tion. Visited one sick Person; and administred the holy Sacrament to another, who has received no such Peace and inward Comfort for these 12 Years, as GOD has been pleased to communicate to her Soul at this Time. Not unto me, O Lord, [Page 126] not unto me, but unto thy Name be all the Glory. For ever adored be the Divine Goodness, the Gospel has taken Root in many Hearts. As soon as I come Home, my House is generally filled with People, desirous to join in Psalms and Prayers; they are so eager after the Bread of Life, that they scarce can give me Time to take bodily Refreshment, and proper Retirement in my Closet: GOD, I am persuaded, has a Favour unto them. My Power and Freedom of Speech encreases daily, and this Afternoon I was carried out much, in Bearing my Testimony against the Unchristian Principles and Practices of the Gene­rality of our Clergy. Three of my Reverend Brethren were present; I know not whether they were offended; I endeavoured to speak with Meekness as well as Zeal; and I find the Necessity more and more, of Discovering those that are only Wolves in Sheep's Cloathing. Was I to convert Papists, my Business would be to shew they were misguided by the Priests; and if I want to convince Church of England Protestants, I must prove, that the Generality of their Teachers do not preach or live the Truth as it is in JESUS: For in vain we hope to set People right, till we demonstrate, that the Way they have been taught, is wrong Perhaps this may cost me my Life; but what have I to do with that?

GOD's Gifts, if call'd for, I resign;
Pleas'd to receive, pleas'd to restore.
Gifts are his Work, it shall be mine
The Giver only to adore.
[Page 127]

Philadelphia, Burlington and Trent-Town, in the Jerseys.

Monday, November 12. Le [...]t a large Pacquet of Letters, and some Things for the Press, to be sent by the Constantine, Capt. Wright, to London. Had a Man come to me this Morning, telling me what GOD had done for his Soul by my Preaching of Faith: He seem'd deeply convicted of Sin; and said, he was drawn out by GOD's Spirit to pray last Night, so that he lifted up his Voice like a Trumpet; for which he was im­mediately looked upon by his Master and the Family as a Madman. I never yet knew one truly awaken'd, who did not quickly commence a Fool for CHRIST'S sake. Was pleased to see several tender Souls come to Family Prayer. Indeed I have great Reason to believe, a good Work is begun in many Hearts. LORD, carry it on for thy dear Son's sake! At my first Arrival at Philadelphia, I received a Letter which had been left for me 3 Months, and in which there was a pressing Invitation sent me by one Mr. Noble, a spiritual Man, in the Behalf of many others, to come to New-York.—On Friday received ano­ther [...]om the same Person, which looking like the Call given St. Paul, when the Man appeared to him, saying, Come over to Macedonia, and help us; I this Morning▪ in the Name and Strength of GOD; set out for that Place: Four choice Horses were lent to me and my Friends; and more we might have had, had there been Occasion. About [...] we got safe to Burlington, [Page 128] in the Jerseys▪ [...] Miles from Philadelphia, where I had been importuned to preach as I went along. The Gentleman who gave me the Invi­tation, received me and my Friends in as sweet a Manner as can well be imagined: Immediately after Dinner I read Prayers and preached in the Church, to a mixed, but thronged and attentive Congregation. I scarce know the Time when I have spoken with greater Simplicity and Free­dom: The holy Spirit sweetly gave me Utterance, and I perceived several much affected.—The poor Creatures were very impor­tunate for my staying with them all Night, and giving them another Discourse; but it being inconsistent with my Business, with great Regret, about 5 in the Evening we took our Leaves, and by 8 a Clock reached Trent-Town in the Jerseys. It being dark, we went out of our Way a little in the Woods; but GOD sent a Guide to direct us aright. Whilst I was Riding, I felt the Spirit of GOD infusing fresh Supplies of Grace into my Heart. We had a comfortable Refreshment when we reached our Inn, and went to Rest in Peace and Joy in the Holy Ghost. LORD, teach me [...] be thankful, Amen and Amen.

New-Brunswick.

Tuesday, November 13. Left Trent-Town about 6 in the Morning; had a sweet and plea­sant Journey, and reached Brunswick, about 30 Miles distant, about 1. Here we were much refreshed with the Company of Mr. Gilbert [Page 129] Tennent, an eminent Dissenting Minister, about 40 Years of Age, Son to that good old Man who came to see me on Saturday at Philadelphia. GOD, I find, has been pleased greatly to own his Labours: He and his Associates are now the burning and shining Lights of this Part of Ame­rica. He recounted to me many remarkable Effusions of the Blessed Spirit which have been sent down amongst them; and one may judge of their being true and faithful Soldiers of JESUS CHRIST, because they are every where spoken evil of by natural Men. The Devil and carnal secure Ministers rage horribly against them. Several pious Souls came to see me at his House, with whom I took sweet Counsel. At their Request, and finding there was a general Expec­tation of hearing me, I read the Church Liturgy and preached in the Evening, at Mr. Tennent's Meeting-house; for there is no Place set apart for the Worship of the Church of England; and it is common for Dissenters and Conformists to worship at the same Place. Oh! that the Par­tition-Wall was broken down, that we all with one Heart and one Mind, might glorify the Lord JESUS CHRIST! At my first getting up I was somewhat weak and dry; but GOD renewed my Strength, and enabled me to speak with Freedom and Power. I was above an Hour in my Sermon; and I trust I shall hear it was not preached in vain. Paul may plant, and Apollos may water; thou, LORD, only canst give the Increase.

[Page 130]

NEW-YORK.

Wednesday, November 14. Set out early from Brunswick, in Company with my dear Fellow-Travellers, and r [...]y worthy Brother and Fellow-Labourer Mr. Tennent. As we passed along, we spent our Time most agreeably in telling one another what GOD had done for our Souls. He recounted to me many sweet Instances of GOD's striving with his Heart, and how Grace at last overcame all his Fightings against GOD. About Noon we got to Elizabeth-Town, 22 Miles from Brunswick. Here we took Boat, and about 4 reached New-York, where we were most affectionately received by the Family of Mr. Noble. As soon as we had refreshed our Bodies by Eating a little Food, and our Souls by giving of Thanks, I waited upon Mr. Vesey, the Commissary, but he was not at Home; then I went to the Meeting-House, to hear Mr. Gilbert Tennent preach, and never before heard such a searching Sermon; he went to the Bottom in­deed, and did not daub with untemper'd Mortar: He convinc'd me more and more, that we can preach the Gospel of CHRIST no farther than we have experienced the Power of it in our own Hearts. Being deeply convicted of Sin, and driven from time to time off his false Bottom and Dependencies, by GOD's holy▪ Spirit, at his first Conversion, he has learned experimentally to dissect the Heart of a natural Man.—Hypo­crites must either soon be converted or enraged at his Preaching:—He is a Son of Thunder, and [Page 131] does not regard the Face of Man:—He is deeply sensible of the Deadness and Formality of the Christian Church in these Parts, and has given noble Testimonies against it. After Sermon we spent the Evening together at Mr. Noble's House; at their Request, I expounded and prayed, and after we had sung a Psalm, we took our Leaves of each other, and went to rest. My Soul was humbled and melted down with a Sense of GOD's Mercies; and I found more and more, what a Babe and Novice I was in the Things of GOD. Blessed JESUS, grant I may make conti­nual Advances, till I come to a perfect Man in Thee!

Thursday, Nov. 15. Had several come to see me at my Lodgings, who also gave me kind Invitations to their Houses. Waited upon Mr. Vesey; but could wish for his own Sake, he had behaved in a more Christian Manner. He seem'd to be full of Anger and Resentment; and before I asked him the Use of the Pulpit, denied it. He desired to see my Letters of Orders. I told him they were left at Philadelphia. He asked me for my License: I told him, I never heard that my Lord of London, as yet, gave any License to any one that went to preach the Gospel in Georgia; but that I was presented to the Living of Savannah by the Trustees; and upon that Presentation had Letters dimissory from my Lord of London, which I thought was Authority sufficient. But this was by no Means satisfactory. He charged me with Breaking my Oath, for Breaking the Canons, which enjoins Ministers [Page 132] and Church-Wardens not to admit Persons into their Pulpits without a License. Alas! how can I break that, when I am neither a Church-Warden, nor have any Church hereabouts to admit any one into? Upon this, hearing he was a Frequenter of Publick Houses, I reminded him of that Canon which forbids the Clergy to go into any such Places.—This, tho' spoke in the Spirit of Meekness, stirred up his Corruptions more and more. He charged me with making a Disturbance at Philadelphia, and sowing and causing Divisions in other Places; But, says he, with a Sneer, you have a Necessity laid upon you to preach. I told him, I had; for the Clergy and Laity of our Church seem'd to be settled on their Lees; but my End was not to sow Divisions, but to propagate the pure Gospel of JESUS CHRIST. He said, they did not want my Assistance. I replied, if they did preach the Gospel, I wished them good Luck in the Name of the LORD; but as he had denied me the Church without my asking for the Use of it, I would preach in the Fields, for all Places were alike to me. Yes, says he, I find you have been used to that. After that, he taxed me with Censuring my Superiors. I told him, I was no Respecter of Persons; if a Bishop committed a Fault, I would tell him of it; if a common Clergyman did not act aright, I would be free with him also, as well as with a Lay man,—Whilst we were talking he called for some Wine, and I drank his Health. Soon after he rose up; said he had Business to do; and, as we were [Page 133] going out, full of Resentment he said to Mr. Noble, who accompanied me and Brother Seward, Mr. Noble, as you have sent for this Gentleman, so I desire you will find him a Pulpit. Alas! alas! what Manner of Spirit are the Generality of the Clergy possess'd with? Is this the Spirit of the meek Lamb of GOD? Are these the Fruits of the Holy Ghost, which they pretended to be moved with, when they took Holy Orders? It cannot be. Surely the Kingdom of GOD will be taken from them: The Curse which fell on Eli's Sons, I fear, will light on them: They cause the Sacrifice of GOD to be abhorred: Their Bigotry, if it was nothing else, in Time would destroy them. LORD! for thy Mercies sake, lighten their Darkness; and grant that some of the Priests also may be obedient to the Truth.

Din'd with Mr. Pemberton, the Presbyterian Minister. Preached in the Fields to upwards of 2000, as Three in the Afternoon, and ex­pounded at Six in the Evening to a very thronged and attentive Audience at Mr. Pemberton's Meet­ing-House. At first for the sake of my weak Brethren, I was unwilling to Preach there; but hearing that Mr. Vesey, the Commissary himself, had preach'd in the Dutch Calvinistical Meeting-House, when there was no Place of Worship for the People of our own Community; and the Dutch Meeting-House being denied me, as well as the Church, I thought it my Duty to accept of the kind Offer made me by Mr. Pemberton and his Friends. In the Field, some few Mock'd; but GOD gave me Power to speak to them, and [Page 134] they grew more serious. At Night, the People seem'd exceedingly attentive; and I have not felt greater Freedom in Preaching, and more Power in Prayer, and a stronger Indwelling of the Spirit, since I came into America, than I have at New-York. I find it has been a secure Place, and but little of the Work of GOD seen in it for many Years. Oh that this may be the accepted Time! LORD, let this be the Day of their Salvation!

Friday, November 16. Preached at Three in the Afternoon, to a lovely Congregation, in the Meeting-House, it being too cool to go into the Fields.—Expounded again in the Evening at the same Place to a far greater Congregation than I have seen yet. Great Multitudes returned home for want of Room. GOD enabled me to Preach with Power; and I hope some Good will be done here, because Satan is disturbed. After Evening Service, I was told by several Persons, that the Constables of the Town had been placed at the Door of the English Church, lest my Ad­herents, encouraged by me, should break it open and take it by Force. Well may the Heads of our Church People be said to reject the Kingdom of GOD against themselves. I fear GOD will shortly take it from them. They imitate the Scribes and Pharisees in their Crimes: [...] fear they will be made Partakers of their Punish­ments. Oh that they would see in this their Day the Things that belong to their Peace!

Saturday, November 17. Preached as usual in the Afternoon at the Meeting-House to a pretty [Page 135] Congregation: And again at Night, to a great Multitude, standing round the Doors, beside those that were within. Wo be to those, who by their Bigotry, Prejudice and Party Zeal, oblige us to Preach the Gospel in so confined a Place: But no Matter; this as well as every Thing else shall be over-ruled for the good of CHRIST'S Church.—Had the Pleasure of Hearing that some blessed Effects had been produced by the Preaching of the Word; and several expressed a strong Inclina­tion to go with me. When GOD will work, who can hinder? Praised be the LORD, who daily shews me this is the Way wherein I should go. LORD, make me humble and thankful!

Sunday, November 18. Preached this Morn­ing by Eight a Clock, unto a very attentive Au­ditory. Went to the English Church, both Morning and Evening, and felt my Heart al­most bleed within me, to consider what blind Guides were sent forth into her. If I have any Regard for the Honour of CHRIST, and the good of Souls, I must lift up my Voice like a Trum­pet, and shew how sadly our Church Ministers are fallen from the Doctrines of the Reformati­on. Her Prophets prophesy Lies, and I fear many of the People love to have it so. It is high Time, O LORD, that thou have Mercy upon Sion. Oh let that Time shortly come!

In the second Lesson in the Morning, were these Verses, and some I found made an imme­diate Application of them, by looking on me. John, Chap. X. Ver. 19, 20, 21. There was a Division therefore again among the Jews, for [Page 136] these Sayings. And many of them said, he hath a Devil, and is mad; why hear ye him? Others said, these are not the Words of him that hath a Devil. In the Evening vast Numbers flocked to hear the Word. Some petitioned the Mayor to have the use of the Town-Hall; but it was denied: Then we thought of expounding out of a Window, and to let the People stand in the Street; but at last, with much Difficulty, I got into the Meeting-House; and the People being prevailed on to open the Windows, Numbers could hear that stood on the outside. GOD was pleased to enlarge my Heart, and I was pressed in Spirit to bear my Testimony against the Doctrines deliver'd in the English Church, both Morning and Evening. Tho' it may seem a hard Saying to many, yet our People have need to be caution'd against the Generality of the Scribes and Pharisees of our Communion, as much as the Jews were cautioned to beware of the Scribes and Pharisees, by our dear LORD JESUS. After Sermon, many People came to pray with me, and take a last Farewel. They also gave me Tokens of Love, and I had great Reason to believe GOD has begun a good Work in New-York. I have not felt such Freedom and Sweetness of Soul since I have been in America; one Reason I believe is, because I have been here uncommonly opposed. Saw my Sermon on Re­generation advertised in the New-England Paper. Gave leave for my Answer to my Lord of London to be printed at New-York.

About Ten at Night, having spent some time [Page 137] in Prayer, I took Boat with my Friends, and had a pleasant Passage to a Place about Half­way to Elizabeth-Town, where we lay down with Joy and Thankfulness for the great Things the LORD had shewn us. Oh that I was duly sensible of his distinguishing Mercies!

Monday, November 19. Took Boat about Five in the Morning, and reached Elizabeth-Town about Seven. Spent the Morning in writing Letters and Journal, and in Religious Conversation with dear Mr. Tennent, Mr. Noble, and other Friends, who accompanied me. Paid a Visit to Mr. Vaugh [...] the Minister of the Church of England in Elizabeth-Town; who, as I afterwards heard, had preached against me, and said, I should not have the Use of his Pulpit. Din'd with Mr. Dickinson the Dissenting Minister, who had sent a Letter of Invitation to New-York, and offer'd me the Use of his Meeting-House; About Twelve I preach'd in it according to Ap­pointment, to upwards of 700 People, many of which seemed much affected; and GOD was pleased to open my Mouth against both Ministers and People among the Dissenters, who hold the Truth in Unrighteousness, contenting themselves with a bare speculative Knowledge of the Doc­trines of Grace, but never experienced the Power of them in their Hearts. These shall re­ceive the greater Condemnation.

NEW-BRUNSWICK.

Tuesday, Nov. 20. Reach'd hither about 6 last Night, and preach'd about Noon, for near 2 Hours [Page 138] in worthy Mr. Tennent's Meeting-House, to a large Assembly gather'd together from all Parts; and amongst them, as Mr. Tennent told me, there was a great Body of solid Christians. About Three in the Afternoon I preach'd again; and at seven▪ Baptized two Children; and preach'd a third Time, with greater Freedom than at either of the former Opportunities. It is impossible to tell with what Pleasure the Children of GOD heard these Truths confirm'd by a Minister of the Church of England, which for many Years have been preach'd to them by their own Pastor Mr. Ten­nent. Opposers Mouths were stop'd; several were brought under strong Convictions; and our LORD'S dear Disciples were ready to leap for Joy. To me, the Meeting seemed to be like the Meeting of the twelve Tribes, when they came from dif­ferent Parts to Worship the LORD at Jerusalem. Among others that came to hear the Word, were several Ministers, whom the LORD has been pleased to honour, in making them Instruments of bringing many Sons to Glory. The one was a Dutch Calvinistical Minister, named Freeling­hausen, Pastor of a Congregation about four Miles off New-Brunswick: He is a worthy old Soldier of JESUS CHRIST, and was a Beginner of the great Work, which I trust the LORD is carrying on in these Parts. He has been strongly opposed by his carnal Brethren; but GOD has always appeared for him in a surprizing Manner, and made him more than Conqueror over all. thro' his Love: He has long since learned to Fear him only, who can destroy both Body and [Page 139] Soul in Hell. Another was one Mr. Cross, Mi­nister of a Congregation at Baskinridge, about 20 Miles from Brunswick: A most remarkable Outpouring of the Spirit has been frequently seen in his Congregation, for which he has been much opposed by natural Men: He himself told me of many wonderful Effects, and sudden Conversions that had been wrought by the LORD under his Ministry. For some time eight or nine used to come to him together in deep Distress of Soul; and I think he said, two Hundred of his Con­gregation, which is not very large, were effec­tually brought home to CHRIST: But tho' they are the excellent Ones of the Earth, they are looked upon as Enthusiasts and Madmen, and treated as such by those that know not GOD, and are ignorant of the hidden Life of JESUS CHRIST in their Hearts: He indeed is one, who, I believe would rejoice to suffer for the LORD JESUS. Oh that I may be like minded! A third Minister was one Mr. Camphel, who has been a Preacher of the Doctrines of Grace for these four Years; was a regular moral Liver, and accounted a very good Man; but within these few Months, being convinced of Sin, and that he knew nothing experimentally of JESUS CHRIST, tho' he had pretended to preach him so long; after many Struggles with himself, he told the Presbytery he was unconverted, and therefore durst not preach till he was converted: Accordingly he has le [...]t off Preaching these two Months, and h [...]s laboured under unspeakable Anguish and Distress of Soul. By some he is [Page 140] looked upon as melancholy, and besides him­self; but I had much Discourse with him, and really believe these Humiliations will pre­pare him for great and eminent Services in the Church of GOD.—His Case puts me in mind of Professor Frank, who being on Easter-Day to preach on the Nature of Divine Faith, and find­ing he had not that Faith himself, was convicted by GOD of his unregenerate State, upon which he ran into the Woods, was there deeply humbled, and at last became a most exalted Instance of Faith. At our Persuasion, Mr. Campbell promised to preach next Sunday▪ and, I believe, will be instrumental of convicting many Heart-Hypocrites among the Dissenting Ministers: For that there are such, is evident from this; tho' they have been bred up in, and preach the Doc­trines of Grace, yet whenever the Power of GOD appears in any Congregation, they cry it down, as much as our Ministers of the Church of England. Oh that the LORD may Comfort poor Mr. Campbell, and cause him to detect these Wolves in Sheep's Cloathing! With these Mini­sters, and many other Disciples of our dear LORD JESUS, I took sweet Counsel. We eat our Bread with Gladness and Singleness of Heart; and comforted ourselves with this Consideration, that, tho' we must be separated from each other on this Earth, yet we should sit down to eat Bread with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, in the Kingdom of Heaven. Hasten, O LORD, th [...] blessed Time▪ Oh when [...] thy Kingdom come!

[Page 141]

Maidenhead, and Trent-Town.

Wednesday, November 21. Set out early with about 20 in Company, for Maidenhead, a little above 20 Miles from Brunswick, where, at Mr. Tennent's Request, I had appointed to preach as to Day. At Noon we got there, and preached from a Waggon to about 1500 Persons, on the Conversion of St. Paul; and GOD was pleased to direct my Words, and enable me to preach so suitably to the poor despised Christians in these Parts, that they knew not well how to express their Satisfaction. The LORD is gracious in all his Ways, and wonderful in all his Works. Oh that I could praise him as I ought! Here one Mr. Rowland, another faithful Minister of JESUS CHRIST, gave us the Meeting.—He has been a Preacher about 2 Years; has gone about doing Good, and had many Seals to his Ministry:—Much of the Simplicity of CHRIST was discern­able in his Behaviour. Blessed be GOD, for sending such burning and shining Lights in this dark and dead Generation! Thou, LORD of the Harvest, send forth more such Labourers into thy Harvest. After Sermon we were kindly [...] at­tained at a House near the Place where I preach'd; and being strongly desired by many, and hearing a condemned Malefactor was to suffer that Week, in Company with about 30 more, I went to Trent-Town, 10 Miles from Maidenhead, and reached thither by 5 in the Evening. [...] GOD was please [...] to [...] [...] thy Soul, and bring my Sins to Remembrance, [Page 142] so that I could scarce hold up my Head;—how­ever, knowing that GOD called, I went out trusting in his Divine Strength, and preached in the Court-House; and tho' I was quite barren and dry at the Beginning of the Discourse; yet GOD enabled me to speak with great Sweetness, Freedom and Power, before I had done. The unhappy Criminal seemed hardened; but I had great Reason to believe some Good was done in the Place. LORD, send forth others to carry it on, for thy dear Son's sake.

Trent-Town and Neshaminy.

Thursday, Nov. 22. Set out for Neshaminy, 20 Miles distant from Trent-Town, where old Mr. Tennent lives, and keeps an Academy, and where I was to preach to Day, according to Appointment. About 12 we came thither, and found about 3000 People gather'd together in the Meeting-House Yard.—Mr. William Tennent, an eminent Servant of JESUS CHRIST, because we staid beyond the Time appointed, was preaching to them. When I came up, he soon stopt; sung a Psalm, and then I began to speak as the LORD gave me Utterance. At first, the People seem'd unaffected; but in the Midst of my Discourse, the Power of the LORD JESUS came upon me, and I felt such a Struggling within myself for the People, as I scarce ever felt before.—The Hearers began to be melted down immediately, and cry much; and we had good Reason to hope the LORD intended good for many. After I had finished, Mr. Gilbert Tennent [Page 143] gave a Word of Exhortation, to confirm what had been delivered. At the End of his Discourse we sung a Psalm, and then dismissed the People with a Blessing. Oh that the LORD may say Amen to it! After our Exercises were over, we went to old Mr. Tennent's, who entertain'd us like one of the antient Patriarchs: His Wife to me seemed like Elizabeth, and he like Zachary; both, as far as I can find, walk in all the Ordinances and Commandments of the LORD, blameless. Tho' GOD was pleased to humble my Soul, so that I was obliged to retire for a while; yet we had sweet Communion with each other, and spent the Evening in Concerting what Measures had best be taken, for Promoting our dear LORD's Kingdom. It happened very providentially, that Mr. Tennent and his Brethren, are appointed to be a Presbytery, by the Synod; so that they intend Breeding up gracious Youths, and sending them out, from time to time, into our LORD's Vineyard.—The Place wherein the young Men study now, is, in Contempt, called, The College: It is a Log-House, about 20 Foot long, and near as many broad; and to me it seem'd to resemble the School of the old Pro­phets; for that their Habitations were mean, and that they sought not great Things for them­selves, is plain from those Passages of Scripture wherein we are told, that each of them took a Beam to [...] them a House, and that at the Feast of the Sons of the Prophets, one of them put on the Pot. Whilst the others went to fetch some Herbs [...] of the Field. And that can be said of most [Page 144] of our publick Universities, is, they are glorious without. From this despised Place, 7 or 8 worthy Ministers of JESUS have lately been sent forth; more are almost ready to be sent; and a Foundation is now Laying for the Instruction of many others. The Devil will certainly rage against them; but the Work I am persuaded is of GOD, and therefore will not come to nought. Carnal Ministers oppose them strongly; and because People, when awakened by Mr. Tennent or his Brethren, see through, and therefore leave their Ministry; the poor Gentlemen are loaded with Contempt, and looked upon (as all faithful Preachers will be) as Persons that turn the World upside down. A notable War, I trust, is Commencing between Michael and the Dragon. We may easily guess who will prevail. The Seed of the Woman shall bruise the Serpent's Head.

Neshaminy, Abington and Philadelphia.

Friday, November 23. Parted with dear Mr. Tennent, and his other worthy fellow Labou­rer; but promised to remember each other publickly in our Prayers. Rode to Abington, about 10 Miles from Neshaminy, and preach'd to above 2000 People, from a Porch Window belonging to the Meeting-House, whither I was invited yesterday, after I had preached at Nesha­miny. Many of the People seem'd affected, and I think I have not seen greater Things, no not in England. It is surprizing how such vast Bodies of People, so scattered abroad, can be gathered at so short a Warning.—I believe at [Page 145] Neshaminy there might be about 1000 Horses, which the People do not sit on to hear the Ser­mon as at England, but tie them to the Hedges, and thereby much Disorder is prevented. As soon as I had done, fresh Invitations were made me, to come to several Places, would Time and Business permit. Tho' it was Cold, the People stood very patiently in the open Air, and seemed in no Hurry to return home after the Discourses were ended. What are outward Things to a Soul intent on GOD? less than nothing.

As soon as I had finished, I hasten'd to Phi­ladelphia; and blessed be GOD, found my Fa­mily in good order, and all Things carried on according to my Desire. Oh how can I express my Thankfulness for this little Every Son! The LORD has done great Things for us in it; whereat the People of GOD are much rejoiced. Oh that I may now begin to do something for CHRIST! not to justify my Person, but my Faith, and to shew my Love and Gratitude for what GOD has done for my Soul!

Saturday, November 24. Preach'd this Morn­ing in the Church, with much Freedom and Power.—Several came to me, enquiring about inward Feelings, and the receiving the Holy Ghost; and I found many began to be awakened out of their carnal Security, by the Word preach'd. Received an excellent Letter from one grievously vexed with Temptations, whom GOD has been pleased to make me an Instru­ment of Comforting. Preached again at four in the Afternoon, in the Church, that being judged [Page 146] more convenient than the Market Place, as the Weather was so cold. A vast Concourse of all Denominations were present. GOD gave me, particularly towards the close of my Sermon, to speak with divine Energy.—After Sermon, I visited two sick Persons. Supped comfortably with my Family; and laid me down, with a strong Desire to see my own Unworthiness, and the Freeness and Riches of that Grace, which alone has made me to differ from the most abandon'd of Men. Whatever others may see in themselves I know not; this one Thing I know, I see nothing but Hell in my Soul. And therefore, whenever I do glory, I desire only to glory in thee O LORD!

Sunday, November 25. Had great Travail of Soul, and Struggle within myself, about a Text to preach on; and could not conceive the reason of such uncommon Perplexity. At last I fix'd on one for the Morning; and trusted to GOD to direct me to one for the Evening: But before I came from Church, GOD shewed [...]ne what I should do; for after I had done Preaching, a young Gentleman, once a Minister of the Church of England, but now a Secretary to Mr. [...], stood up with a loud Voice, and wanted the People against the Doctrine I had been delivering; urging, that there was [...] such [...] as imputed Righteousness in holy Scripture; that such Doctrine puts a Stop to all Goodness; that we were to be judged for our good Works and Obedience, and were commended to Do and Live. When he had ended, I denied his first Proposi­tion, [Page 147] and brought a Text to prove an imputed Righteousness was a scriptural Expression. But thinking the Church an improper Place for Dis­putation, I said no more at that Time. The Portion of Scripture appointed for the Epistle was, Jer. xxiii. wherein were these Words, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Upon these I discoursed in the Afternoon. I shewed how the LORD JESUS was to be our whole Righteousness; proved how the contrary Doctrine overthrowed all Divine Revelation; answered all Objections, that were made against an imputed Righteousness; produced the Articles of our Church to illustrate it; and concluded with an Exhortation to all, to lay aside a Rea­soning Infidelity, and to submit to JESUS CHRIST, who is the End of the Law for Righteousness, to every one that believeth. The Verses at the beginning of the Chapter, out of which the Text was taken, were very remarkable. Jer. Chap. XXIII. Ver. 1,2,3,4. Wo be unto the Pastors th [...] destroy and scatter the Sheep of my Pasture, saith the LORD. Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel against the Pastors that feed my People, Ye have scattered my Flock, and driven th [...] away, and have not visited them; Behold, I will visit upon you the Evil of your Doings, saith the LORD. And I will gather the Remnant of my Flock, out of all Countries whither I have driven them, and will bring them again to their Folds, and they shall be fruitful and increase. And I will set up Shepherds over them, which shall feed them, and they shall fear no more, nor be dis­mayed; [Page 148] neither shall they be lacking, saith the LORD. GOD was pleased to fulfil the Pro­mise in me, for, blessed be his Name, I was not dismayed. The Word came with Power. The Church was thronged within and without, and all wonderfully attentive; and many, as I am inform'd convinced that the LORD CHRIST was our Righteousness.—In the Evening the Gentleman came to me; but alas! was so very dark in all the Fundamentals of Christianity; and such an entire Stranger to Inward Feelings, that I was obliged to say to him, Art thou a Master of Israel and knowest not these Things? LORD, convict and convert him, [...] thy infinite Mercies sake!

Went to the Quakers Meeting, for a little Time. Gave the Sacrament a [...] a private House; and came home, exhorted, prayed and [...]ung Psalms with a Roomfull of People.—They fol­low me wherever I go, as they used to do in London; and I believe a noble Gathering of Souls might be in this Place▪ H [...]re, as else­where, they only went Somebody to preach the Truth as it is in JESUS. Dearest LORD, remem­ber thy Church, and revive thy Work amongst them, in the midst of thy Years!

Monday, November 26. Read Prayers, and preached twice in the Church▪ to very [...] and attentive [...] per­ceive, came with great Power; and People new apply to me so fast for Advice under Convictions, and so continually cloud in upon me [...] I have not Time so much as to write a Letter to my [Page 149] English Friends.—Some little Presents have been sent for the Orphan-House; and a large Collec­tion, I believe, might be made; but I chuse to defer that 'til my Return hither again. As yet it seems absolutely necessary for the good of the Church in general, and my Orphan-House in particular, that I should visit every Place in [...], whither I have been before. Good LORD, direct my Goings in thy Way!

Philadelphia and Germantown.

Tuesday, November 27. According to Ap­pointment preach'd at Germantown, six Miles from Philadelphia, off a Balcony, to about 6000 People. Before I began, I retired, and was humbled at the Throne of Grace; but GOD strengthen'd m [...] to speak very near two Hours, with such Demonstration of the Spirit that great Num­bers continued Weeping for a considerable Time. I have not [...]een a more gracious Melting for a long Season. After I had done, People came to me, S [...]ing me by the Hand, and inviting me to their Houses, and fresh Places. A German most kindly entertain'd [...]e. I had sweet Converse, and felt a sweet Union and Communion with many Souls, tho' of [...] I [...] [...] are no less [...] fifteen particular [...] of Christians in Germantown, and yet all agree [...] [...] Thing, viz. to [...] JESUS CHRIST as their Head, and to [...] in Spirit and [...] Truth. [...] been [...] out of Switzerland▪ [...] CHRIST; and Numbers are scatter'd [...] [Page 150] about the Town, who were driven out of their Native Countries for the sake of their Holy Re­ligion. About four in the Afternoon we went in Company with many dear Disciples of the LORD to see one Conrad Matthews, an aged Hermit, who has lived a solitary Life near 40 Years; he was an Heir to a great Estate, but chose a voluntary Poverty; he has worked hard, but would always work without Wages; he is now unable to do much, but GOD sends Some­body or another to feed him: A Friend built him the little House wherein he lives, and JESUS, I am persuaded, dwells with him: He talked most feelingly of inward Tryals, and when I asked him if he had not many such in so close Retirement, he answered, No wonder that a [...] Tree, that stands alone, is more exposed to Storms than one that grow among others. After about [...] an [...], Conversation, we took [...] Leave; he kissed me and my Friends, and was much voiced to hear what was doing in Eng­land. [...] Germans, I find, are translating my Journal [...] into [...] Dutch. Our Hearts were knit together, and the GOD of Love was with us of a Truth. About eight in the Evening we reached Philadelphia, and sound great Numbers waiting about say Door, to hear the Word of Life. After I had paid a Visit, and talked close­ly to two Persons, who were doubting of the Principles of the Quakers, I returned home; and tho' I was [...], I could not bear to let so many Souls go away without a Spiritual Morsel; I therefore gave them a Word of Exhortation, as [Page 151] the Spirit gave me Utterance. Sung a Hymn, prayed, and dismissed them with a Blessing. Many wept bitterly, and the Peoples Behaviour more and more convinces me that GOD has be­gun a good Work in many Souls. Was there proper Encouragement given, I am persuaded Georgia might soon be peopled. Many would gladly go with us thither. I cannot but hope that it will be in time a fruitful Soil for Chris­tians. One great reason why Pennsylvania flourishes above other Provinces, I take to be the Liberty of Conscience, which is given all, to worship GOD in their own Way: By this Means, it is as it were an Asylum, or Place of Refuge, for all persecuted Christians. And Methinks they live here as so many Guardian Angels.—I want to go up in the Woods to see more of them, but Time will not permit. Oh when shall the Children of GOD sit down to­gether in the Kingdom of their Father! There we shall all speak one Language, and joyn in Singing the Song of the Lamb. LORD, set my Soul a Thirst­ing more and more after that blissful Communion of Saints!

PHILADELPHIA.

Wednesday, November 28. Redeemed a little Time before it was Light, to write a Letter or two to my dear Friends in England.—I have not had a Moment's Time before, since my Return from New-York. People are continually coming in, and enquiring with strong Cryings and many Tears. how they must come to CHRIST. [Page 152] It grieves me to send them away with such short Answers, but Necessity compells me. Oh that the LORD may send forth more Labour [...] into his Harvest! Read Prayers and preached in the Morning as usual, to a thronged Congrega­tion. Heard of more that were under Convic­tions; and as I was walking out to Dinner, a German came to me, saying, ‘Thou didst sow some good Seed yesterday in Germantown, and a Grain of it fell into my Daughter's Heart: She wants to speak with thee, that she may know what she must do to keep and encrease it.’ The young Woman being near at Hand, came at her Father's Call.—Both melted into Tears immediately; and after I had exhorted her to watch and pray, and keep close to CHRIST by Faith, I took my Leave, beseech­ing GOD to water the good Seed his own Right Hand had planted in her Heart. In the Morn­ing, Notice had been given, that I should preach my Farewel-Sermon in the Afternoon; but the Church being not capable, tho' as large as most of our London Churches, to contain a fourth Part of the People, by the Advice of Friends we adjourned to the Fields; and I preached for an Hour and half from a Balcony, to upwards of 10,000 Hearers, very attentive, and much affected with what GOD enabled me to deliver. I endeavoured to come in all Plainness of Speech, without any Respect of Persons.—The Mention of my Departure was a Grief to many; and it almost melted me down, to see with what Eager­ness and earnest Affection they followed after [Page 153] the Preaching of the Word:—If I could preach they would attend all the Day long, Blessed be GOD, for this effectual Door! I wonder we have no more Adversaries: By and by I expect Satan and his Emissaries will rage horribly. I endeavoured to forewarn my Hearers of it. LORD, prepare us against a Day of spiritual Battle. Took my Leave of the Governor and Proprietor. Supp'd with one of the Church-Wardens and his Friends; and when I came Home, exhorted, sung Psalms and prayed with a great Company of People, who were waiting at my Door. After I was in Bed I received the following Letter from New-York.

Reverend and Dear SIR,

I was heartily sorry that a Cold should hinder me from accompanying you into the Jerseys, but am in Hopes it was ordained by Divine Providence for the best. I found the next Day, you had left the Town under a deep and universal Concern.—Many were greatly affected, and I hope abiding▪ Impres­sions are left upon some.—Some that were before very loose and profligate, look back with Shame upon their past Lives and Con­versations, and seem resolved upon a thorough Reformation. I mention these Things▪ to strengthen you in the blessed Cause you are engaged in, and to support you under your abundant Labours. When I heard so many were concern'd for their eternal Welfare, I appointed a Lecture [...] Wednesday Evening; [Page 154] tho' it was not a usual Season; and tho' the Warning was short, we had a numerous and attentive Audience. In short, I cannot but hope, your Coming amongst us has been a Means of Awakening some among us, to a serious Sense of practical Religion, and may be the Beginning of a good Work in this secure and sinful Place. Dear Sir, let your Prayers be joined with mine, for this desirable Blessing: I desire your Prayers for me in particular; that I may be faithful to my Master's Work; that I may be an Instrument in the Hands of CHRIST, of pulling down the strongest Holds of Sin and Satan, and building up the Redeem­er's Kingdom in this Place. Pray for us, that the good Impressions any have received, may not wear off, and prove as the Morning Cloud and as the early Dew; but that he would grant a Resurrection of Religion in the Midst of us; that many may flock to CHRIST, as Doves to the Windows. I pray GOD take you under his Protection, sustain you under your many Trials, and make you gloriously success­ful to convert Sinners from the Error of their Ways, and turning them to the Wisdom of the Just. My Wife joins with me in affectionate Regard to you, Mr. Seward, and your other Friends, whom we love in Sincerity.

I am, Your affectionate Brother, and Humble Servant, E. PEMBERTON.

[Page 155] Blessed be GOD for such Success at New-York: Nor is He working less here.—One of the Printers has told me he has taken above two Hundred Subscriptions for printing my Sermons and Journals.—Another Printer told me, he might have sold a Thousand Sermons if he had them; and by the Persuasions of my Friends, I gave out two of my extempore Discourses to be published, Dearest LORD, give them thy Blessing! Numbers of Letters have been sent me from Persons under Convictions; and it is unknown what deep Impressions have been wrought in the Hearts of Hundreds. An Oppo­ser told me, I had unhinged many good sort of People: And indeed I believe, many that con­tented themselves with good Desires, are now convinced they must have good Habits also, and must be thoroughly born again, e'er they can see the Kingdom of GOD.—Many poor Sinners have, I trust, been called home, and great Numbers are under strong Convictions. And as I have sown spiritual Things, People are willing I should reap carnal Things; they have there­fore sent me Butter, Sugar, Chocolate, Pickles, Cheese and Flour, for my poor Orphans, and indeed I could almost say, they would pluck out their own Eyes and give me. Blessed be GOD, for the great Work begun in these Parts. The Word has run very swiftly, and been much glorified. Oh that what GOD says of the Church of Phi­ladelphia, in the Revelations, may be now ful­filled in this City, called after her Name, I know thy Works: Behold, I have set before thee an [Page 156] open Door, and none can shut it. Behold, I will make them of the Synagogue of Satan, behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy Feet; and to know that I have loved thee.

Philadelphia, Chester and Wilmington.

Thursday, Novemb. 29. Had the Satisfaction of settling all my Family Affairs according to my Desire. Got considerably, by the Goods sold, for the Poor.—Had a Sloop lent me which Mr. Seward bought, named the Savannah, in which I left Orders for my Family to set sail, imme­diately after my leaving Philadelphia.—My Friend Gladman, mentioned in the Beginning of this, has been a Help meet for me, and done every Thing, without giving me any, or but little Trouble. Blessed be GOD. About Eleven in the Morning, having corrected two Sermons for the Press, I took an affectionate Leave of my Family and Philadelphia People. From seven in the Morning they thronged round the Door; and when we parted, Oh! how bitterly did the poor Souls weep.—As I passed along the Street, they came running out to the Doors, and discovered the Concern that was in their Hearts, by the Sorrow of their Countenance. Near 20 Gentlemen accompanied me on Horseback out of the Town: About seven Miles off another Company waited to join us; so that at last we were near 200 Horses. By Three we reached Chester, a Town 15 Miles distant from Phila­delphia; and after we had taken a little Food, I preached to near five Thousand People from a [Page 157] Balcony. It being Court Day, the Justices sent Word, they would defer their Meeting till mine was over; and the Minister of the Parish, be­cause the Church would not contain the People, took Care himself to provide the Place from which I spoke. The People were very quiet and attentive; and as I was told, near 1000 came from Philadelphia. After Sermon many of them took their last Farewell, and wished me Good Luck in the Name of the LORD. About six in the Evening we left Chester, and came to Wilmington, 13 Miles, before Nine. The Even­ing was warm; the Moon shone bright, and the pious Discourse we had on the Road, made the Time imperceptibly slide away. Two loving Quakers received us into their Houses. GOD was pleased also to refresh my Heart with a Sense of his Divine Love; and after I had given a Word of Exhortation, prayed with my own Friends, and some others that came in, I went to Bed, admiring the great Work that was begun by GOD in these Parts: I have not seen greater Things, considering the Places, no not in England. Oh! that the LORD, in answer to the People's Prayers, in his due Time, may bring me back hither again! I hope then to see some substantial Fruits of my present weak Endeavours. Dearest Redeemer, make me humble; prepare me for thy future Mercies, and whenever thou seest me in Danger of being puffed up above Measure, graci­ously send me a Thorn in the Flesh; so shalt thy Blessings not prove my Ruin!

[Page 158]

Wilmington.

Friday, Nov. 30. Had a sweet Retirement this Morning. Preached at Noon, and again at 3 in the Afternoon, to near 4000 People each Time. Received several fresh and pressing Invitations to preach at several different Places, but was obliged to withstand them all. Oh that I had a Hundred Tongues and Lives, they should all be employed for my dear LORD JESUS! Spent the Evening in sweet Conversation with Mr. Charles Tennent, Brother to Mr. Gilbert Tennent, a faithful Minister of JESUS CHRIST, and with several [...]ans, whose Hearts GOD has been pleased to knit to me in a close intimate Union. Blessed be GOD, for the Communion of Saints. LORD, why am I thus highly favoured! Even so, Father, for so it seemeth good in thy Sight. Was ever such a Monument of GOD's free Grace! Who dares despair, when such Mercies are daily poured on such a Wretch as I am!

New-Castle and Christian-Bridge.

Saturday, December 1. Reached New-Castle▪ seven Miles from Wilmington, by Ten in the Morning; was met on the Way by Mr. Ross, the Minister of the Place, and was kindly entertained by Mr. G—, one of the principal Inhabitants, who sent to invite me and my Friends yesterday. Preached to about 2000 People from a Balcony about 1 a Clock, but did not speak with so much Freedom and Power as usual, by reason GOD was pleased to humble my Soul by inward Visitations and Bodily Indispositions. Lay on [Page 159] the Bed after Sermon, which refreshed me much. Rode to, and preached at Christian-Bridge, near five Miles off, to about the same Number as was at New-Castle.—I believe 200 Horse came on the Road with us.—I had some edifying Discourse with some Children of GOD, as we came on the Way: And a great Power from GOD descended on me and the Congre­gation, at the latter Part of the Sermon. I always observe inward Trials prepare me for, and are the certain Fore-runners of fresh Mercies. Oh what a gracious Melting of Souls was there! Enough to convince, one would imagine, the greatest Infidels. Oh with what Earnestness did People beseech me to visit other Places! Surely Herbert's Prophecy is now fulfilling.

Religion stands a Tip-toe on our Land,
Ready to pass to the American Strand.

Sunday, December 2. Returned last Night after Sermon to New-Castle, that I might once more see my dear Family, who came thither in the Sloop just after I had left it. Lay at the House of Mr. G—n; and this Morning went on board; prayed, sung Psalms, gave a Word of Exhortation, and rejoiced much to see all Things in such excellent Order. My dear Friend, the Captain, told me how kind the People of Phi­ladelphia had been to my Family after my De­parture; one brought them Butter, another Beer, Sweetmeats, &c. and the Collector would not take his Perquisite for Clearing the Sloop.—The two Children the People were particularly fond of, and gave them so many Things, that I was [Page 160] obliged to desire them to hold their Hands. Oh how plentiful are those Mercies which GOD has laid up for them that fear him, even before the Sons of Men! About Ten we came to Chri­stian Bridge again, where we left some of our Friends last Night. Here we took a little Refreshment, and by Twelve reached White­c [...]ry-Creek, the place appointed for my Preaching. The Weather was very rainy; but upwards of 8,000 People were assembled together to hear the Word. It surprized [...]e to see such a Num­ber of Horses; I believe there were several Thousands of them. I preached from a Tent erected for me by Order of Mr. Charles Tennent, whose Meeting-House lay near the place where I preached. I continued in my first Discourse for an Hour and half: Afterwards we went into a Log House near adjoining; and having taken a Morsel of Bread, and warmed ourselves, I preached a second Time from the same Place. My Body, I perceived, was a little weak; but GOD magnified his Strength, and caused his Power to be known in the Congregation; many Souls were melted down. And here I had the Pleasure of meeting with one Mr. Galaspey, mother faithful Minister of JESUS CHRIST, of he Dissenting Interest. He, as well as Mr. Tennent, was very solicitous for my going to his House; but being pre-engaged, I rode three Miles, and was kindly and hospitably entertain'd at one Mr. H—'s, who came with his Family some Years ago from Cardi [...] in [...] ▪—One in the House had heard me preach in Kingswood; [Page 161] and every Thing was carried on with so much Freedom and Love, that I rejoiced much that GOD had sent us hither. I staid up as long as I could; but finding my Body weak, from the Posture in which I stood to preach, about 10 a Clock, after Family Prayer, I went to Bed, thoroughly weary, but full of that Peace which the World cannot give, but which I wish the whole World were Partakers of.

MARYLAND. North-East.

Monday, December 3. Parted with some more Friends who accompanied me from New-Castle. Eat our Bread with Gladness and Singleness of Heart. Came to North-East in Marlyand, where I appointed to preach to Day.—Little Notice having been given, there were not above 1500 People; but GOD was with us, and I observed many were deeply affected. Several repeated Invitations were sent me to preach at other Places. Immediately after Sermon, we set for­wards, and crossed S [...]ehannah Ferry, about a Mile bre [...]d, and were received at a Gentleman's House that lay in the Way. Though we were Eight in Company, yet all Things were carried on with great Freedom and Generosity: And I hope GOD sent us providentially thither; for the Gentleman told us, he had been a little melancholy, and had therefore sent for some Friends to drive it away.—The Bottle and the Bowl, I found, were the Means that were to be made use of; but, blessed be GOD, the Design was, in some good Measure, prevented by our [Page 162] coming in. Another Turn was soon given to their Conversation: I endeavoured to talk of GOD as much as I could.—Most join'd in Fa­mily Prayer.—I went to Bed, pitying the mise­rable Condition of those who live a Life of Luxury and Lust, and are led Captive by the Devil at [...]his Will: They are afraid to look into themselves; and if their Consciences are at at any Time awaken'd, they must be lulled asleep again by Drinking and evil Company. None but a sincere Christian can with Pleasure practise the Duty of Self-Examination. LORD, grant I may always so live, as to keep a Conscience void of Offence both towards Thee and towards Men; then I shall never be less alone, than when alone; Thou Father of Mercies▪ and GOD of all Consolations, will be every where with me!

JOPPA.

Tuesday, December 4. Set out about eight in the Morning, and took Leave of two more dear Friends, who parted from us with weeping Eyes. Baited at Joppa, a little Town about fifteen Miles off the Place where we lay; and gave a Word of Exhortation to about 40 People in the Church. Oh that the Holy Ghost may fall on them that heard the Word, in as real, tho' not in so extraordinary a Manner, as it did on Cornelius, and his Houshold! But Maryland, as far as I can hear, seems to be a Place as yet unwater'd with the true Gospel of CHRIST; and [...] likelihood of doing much good in it, unless one could abide in it for some time. They have [...] [...]hy Town [Page 163] worth mentioning, because, almost every Planter has a Landing Place, from which he exports his Tobacco from his own House, which generally lies very near the River: By this means, the People are much dispersed, and consequently cannot be ga­ther'd together, without much previous Notice, which, notwithstanding, is difficult to be given, because there are many large Ferris between Place and Place, and no News-Papers, as I hear of, amongst them. However, I trust, the Time will come, when GOD will visit these dark Corners of the Earth. I long to see the New Heavens and New Earth, wherein dwell [...]th Righteousness.

Newtown and Annapolis.

Wednesday, December 5. Lay last Night at Newtown, fifteen Miles from Joppa. Eat of what was set before us. Joined in Family Prayer; and, a [...] often a [...] I found Opportunity, put in a Word [...]or GOD.—In the Morning we sung and prayed. [...] [...], we Baited at a House lying about [...] Miles off; and by four in the Afternoon reached Annapolis, a little Town, but the Metropolis of Maryland. The House we lodged at was very commodious, considering it was in Maryland; but the People of it seem'd surprized, when we talked [...]o them of [...]OD and of CHRIST; notwithstanding▪ both they, and the other Strangers, attended very or­derly at Family Prayers; and I endeavour'd to recommend them, as far as I was enabled, to the Mercy of our gracious and good GOD▪ Oh [Page 164] that I may prevail in their Behalf! It grieves me to my Soul to see poor Sinners hanging as it were by a single Hair, and dancing (insensible of their Danger) over the Flames of Hell. Oh that GOD may make me instrumental of plucking them as Fire-Brands out of the Fire! For here is the Misery of fallen Man; he is miserable, poor, and blind, and naked, and yet knows it not. LORD JESUS, send forth, we beseech thee, thy Light, and lighten our Darkness, for thy Mercies sake!

ANNAPOLIS.

Thursday, December 6. Had a providential Opportunity of writing some Letters last Night and this Morning to England. Waited on Go­vernor Ogle, and was received with Civility. Went to pay my Respects to Mr. Sterling, the Minister of the Parish, who happened not to be within; but whilst we were at Dinner, he came, and with the greatest Civility offered me his Pul­pit, his House, or any Thing he could supply me with. About sour he came and introduced me and my Friends to a Gentleman's House, where we had some useful Conversation: Our Discourse ran chiefly on the New-Birth, and the Folly and Sinfulness of those Amusements, whereby the polite Part of the World are so fatally diverted from the Pursuit after the One Thing needful. Some in Company, I believe, thought me too strict, and were very strenuous in defence of what they call innocent Diversions; but when I told them every Thing was sinful, which [Page 165] was not done with a single Eye to GOD's Glory; and that such Entertainments not only discover'd a Levity of Mind, but were contrary to the whole Tenour of the Gospel; by this they seemed somewhat convinced, at least it set them upon Doubting: And I pray GOD they may doubt more; for Cards, Dancing, and such like, draw the Soul from GOD, and lull it asleep, as much as Drunkenness and Debauchery. And had a Minister the Authority of an Apostle, he could not imploy it better, than in exclaiming against the Entertainments of the polite Part of the World. For Ladies are as much wedded to Quadrille and Ombre, as Gentlemen are to their Bottle, and their Hounds: Self-pleasing, self-seeking, is the ruling Principle in both; and therefore, such Things are to be spoken against, not only as so many trifling Amusements, but as Things that shew that the whole Heart is aliena­ted from the Life of GOD. For if I may speak by my own, as well as others Experience, as soon as ever the Soul is born of GOD, it can­not away with any such Thing: Nothing but what leads towards GOD, can then delight it. And therefore, when in Company, I love to lay the Ax to the Root of the Tree; shew the Necessity of a thorough Change of Heart, and then all Things fall to the Ground at once. My [...] Charles Wesley, excellently describes the Misery of a Lady of Pleasure.

[Page 166]

I TIMOTHY chap. V. ver. 6. She that liveth in Pleasure, is Dead while she liveth.

How hapless is th' applauded Virgin's lot,
Her GOD forgetting; by her GOD forgot!
Stranger to Truth, unknowing to obey:
In Error nurs'd, and disciplin'd to stray:
Swol'n with Self-will, & principled with Pride:
Sense all [...]e, Good, and Passion all her Guide:
Pleasure its Tide, and Flattery lends its Breath,
And smoothly waft her to eternal Death.
A Goddess here she seems; her Vot'ries meet,
Croud at her Shrine, and tremble at her Feet;
She hears their Vows; believes their Life & Death
Hangs on the Wrath and Mercy of her Breath:
Supream in fancy'd State, she reigns her Hour,
And glories in her Plenitude of Power:
Herself, the only Object worth her Care,
Since all the kneeling World was made for her.
For her, Creation all its Stores displays,
The Silk Worm's Labour, and the Diamond's blaze;
Air, Earth and Sea conspire to tempt her Taste;
And ransack'd Nature furnishes the Feast.
Life's gaudiest Pride attracts her willing Eyes,
And Balls, and Theatres, and Courts arise:
Italian Songsters pant her Ear to please;
Bid the first Cries of infant Reason cease,
Save her from Thought, & lull her Soul to Peace.
Deep sunk in Sense, th' imprison'd Soul remains,
Nor knows its Fall from GOD, nor feels its Chains;
Unconscious still, sleeps on in Error's Night,
Nor strives to rise, nor struggles into Light:
[Page 167] Heav'n-born in vain, degen'rate cleaves to Earth:
(No Pangs experienc'd of the second Birth.)
She only fall'n, yet unawaken'd found,
While all the enthrall'd Creation groans around.

Friday, December 7. Observed two Persons came in with the Family to Prayer last Night; and a visible Alteration was made in the Beha­viour of the People of the House. Preach'd in the Morning and Evening to small, but polite Auditories. The Governor put by his Court to come to Morning Sermon; and at Noon, upon an Invitation sent last Night to me and my Friends, we din'd with him; he treated us very humanly: And in the Evening two of the Head Inhabitants favour'd me with a Visit. The Minister seem'd somewhat affected, and under Convictions: But I fear a false Politeness, and the Pomp and Va­nities of the World, eat out the Vitals of Religion in this Place. I bless GOD, I did not spare to tell my Hearers of it in my Discourses; and the Minister told me they took it kindly. At Night four Persons came to join in Family Prayer; to whom I gave a warm Exhortation, for GOD was pleased to enlarge and shed abroad his Love in my Heart. Oh that GOD may open the Heart of some Lydia! Here are few Inhabitants, but GOD, I hope, will sh [...]w that he hath some chosen Ones out of this People.

Upper-Marlborough.

Saturday, December 8. Had more come last Night to Family Prayers. Left Annapolis this [Page 168] Morning. Baited at Upper-Marlborough, about 15 Miles distant; and intended to go further▪ but being desired by some Gentlemen, to stay and preach on the Morrow, I was prevailed upon, and spent the Remainder of the Day in sweet Conversation with my Friends; in Writing Letters to some under Convictions at Philadelphia, and at Supper with a Gentleman who kindly entertained both me and my dear Fellow-Tra­vellers.—Our Talk ran upon the Fall o [...] Man; but I fear Deism has spread much in these Parts. I cannot say, I have yet met with above one who seems truly to have the Fear of GOD before his Eyes. Satan does here particularly reign in the Children of Disobedience. Dearest Redeemer, once more lead Captivity captive, and send thy Holy Spirit amongst the Men of these Parts! And as thou didst drive the Devils out of the Country of the Gadareens, drive them out of this also, for thy Mercies sake! Amen, Amen.

Upper-Marlborough and Port-Tobacco.

Sunday, December 9. Preached at Upper-Marlborough, to a small, polite and seemingly very curious Audience. Din'd with the Gentle­man with whom we supped. Parted with a dear Friend who came from Philadelphia. Took Horse, there being no Sermon in the Afternoon, and went a Sabbath-Day's Journey, as far as Piscataway, where we were kindly entertained, and filled with Joy. Wrote some Letters to our English Friends. Conversed to the Use of Ed [...]ying, and felt an uncommon Freedom and [Page] Sweetness in each others Spirits.—Well [...] LORD say, the Kingdom of GOD is wit▪ for they who are truly born again of carry Heaven in their Hearts.

Piscataway, Tobacco and Potom [...]

Monday, December 10. Was sweetly [...] with the Rest GOD gave us. Wrote▪ a Letter to England. Baited at Port Tobac [...] reached Potomack by three in the After Potomack is a River which parts the t [...] vinces, Maryland and Virginia: It is six broad. We attempted to go over it; [...] we had rowed about a Mile, the Wind [...] violent, and Night was coming on so fast we were obliged to go back and lie▪ Person's House who kept the Ferry, wher [...] brought out such Things as they had. GOD was pleased to humble my Soul by [...] Trials.—I retir'd as soon as possible, and be my Wretchedness before Him that is of Eyes than to behold Iniquity. Afterward Heart was more at Ease: And GOD she [...] the Benefit of Returning back; for the was very boisterous, and the Night snowy that without a Miracle, which in such a we had no Right to expect, both we and Horses must have been lost. LORD, gran [...] may always keep between the two Extrea [...] Distrusting or Tempting Thee!

VIRGINIA. Seal's Church.

Thursday, December 11. Had a short delightful Passage over the River this Morr [...] [Page 166] which we could not pass last Night. Rejoiced that GOD had brought us into another Province. Observed the Country to be much more open, and the Road [...]ter than in Maryland. Passed over two more Ferries in the Day's Journey; but were put to some little Inconveniency for want of finding a publick House in the Way. However at last we met a poor Woman in our Road, who was going [...]o sell Cakes to the Trained Bands, of whom we bought one Cake apiece. A few Miles further, a Planter let us have some Provender for our [...]; and after several Intimations, a little Milk and Small Beer for ourselves; by the Strength of which, by six a Clock, we got to a Place called Seal's Church, 29 Miles from Potomack. Here we called at a Person's House, to which we were recommended▪ but the [...] of it not being at home, the Over­seer, at first, [...] unwilling to receive it: How­ever [...] we were we [...], and [...], [...]e was at last [...] [...] to [...] all Night; and [...] with a good Fire, [...] on thy Hearth, which [...], and aff [...]ded us no small Matter for Praise and Thanksgiving. Oh that we may [...] [...] in that Duty more and more!

Wednesday, December 12. Took a little Breakfast. Went on, having pleasant [...]ads and a warm Day, till we came to Piscataway [...], 18 Miles off; where the M [...]n of the House spared us some Corn and Sheav [...] for our Ho [...]ses; but had neither Milk nor [...] in the [Page 167] House for ourselves: However I endeavour'd to feed him with Spiritual Bread: But he seriously asked one of us, If I was not a Quaker? because, I suppose, he heard me talk of the Necessity of being born again of the Spirit. If I talk of the Spirit, I am a Quaker:—If I say Grace at Breakfast and behave serious, I am a Presbyterian. Alas! what must I do to be accounted a Mem­ber of the Church of England? About one we set out, and before four in the Afternoon we reached an Ordinary. Here we were most op­portunely refreshed with what Meat there was in the House. There being no other publick▪ House for some Miles, and we being wearied more than common, for want of usual Sustenance, we tarried all Night. In the Evening some Gentlemen came disordered in Liquor; but the Woman of the House kept them from us, so we slept very comfortably on the Beds that she made us in the Kitchen. I talked of Religion as much as I could; but the Woman thought GOD was very merciful; that it would be no Harm to swear by her Faith; that we were to be born again after Death, and such like. How­ever she was very sollicitous to please us. And I could not help remarking▪ how the Devil loves to represent GOD as all Mercy or all Justice:—When Persons are awakened, he would, if possible, tempt them to despair; when dead in Trespasses and Sins, he tempts them to presume. LORD, preserve us from making Ship wreck against either of these Rocks! Give us such a Sense of thy Justice, as to convince us, that we [Page 168] cannot be saved if we continue in Sin; and such a Sense of thy Mercy, as may keep us from Despair, if we have a living Faith in thy dear Son, and are [...] born again of thy blessed Spirit.

Thursday, Dec. 13. Set out just as the Sun rose. Got to an Ordinary by Noon. Eat of what was set before us with Comfort, and some Degree of Thankfulness; and reached the House of Col Whiting, Father to my dear Friend Capt. Whiting, long before Night. Here GOD spread a plentiful Table for us, and, what was still more desirable, sent to us a well inclined Person, to whom, I trust, my Conversation was much blessed. That Passage in St. John, wherein it is said, that our LORD must needs go through Sama [...]ia, when the poor Woman was to [...]e converted, has often been affecting to my Mind. The same good Providence, I trust, [...] me through these Parts for the sake of the [...] before mentioned. Oh that like the [...] at the Well, he may [...] in his Heart, and be filled with a [...] Zeal, to go and invite his Neighbours! Amen. So be it.

Gloucester, York and Williamsburg.

Friday, December 14. [...] about seven in the Morning. [...] [...] Gloucester Town, a very little Place, and crossed in Ferry a Mile over. Din'd at York, a Place somewhat larger; and reached Williamsburg, the Metropolis of Virginia, by the Evening. The Gentleman before mentioned, was so kind as to accompany us.—With him I discoursed [Page 169] much of the Things pertaining to the Kingdom of GOD. He seem'd to be one to whom GOD had given a hearing Ear and an obedient Heart. I have not met with a Temper more resembling that of Nathaniel, a great while. Oh that the LORD may make him an Israelite indeed!

Saturday, December 15. Waited on, and afterwards, at his Invitation, din'd with the Gover­nor, who received me most courteously. Paid my Respects to Mr. [...]ir, Commissary of Virginia, and by far the most worthy Clergyman I have yet convers'd with in all America; his Discourse was savory, such as tended to the Use of Edify­ing. He received me with Joy; asked me to Preach; and wished my Stay was to be longer. Under GOD [...] has been chiefly instrumental in raising a beautiful College in Williamsburg, in which is a Foundation for about eight Scholars, a President, two Masters, and Professors in the several Sciences. Here the Gentlemen of Vir­ginia send their Children; and as far as I could learn by Inquiry, they are near in the same Order, and under the same Regulation and Discipline as in our Universities at Home. The present Masters came from Oxford: Two of them, I find, were my Contemporaries. I re­joiced in [...]eeing such a Place in America. It may be of excellent Use, if learning CHRIST be made the Foundation of their Study, and other [...]rts and Sciences only introduced and pursued a [...] sub­servient to that: For want of this, most of our English Schools and Universities are sunk into meer Seminaries of Paganism; young Men's [Page 170] Heads are stuffed with Heathen Mythology: CHRIST, or Christianity, is scarce so much as named amongst them; so that when they come to be converted, they are obliged, Penelope like, to undo what they have been doing for many Years; and they are the most happy, who can soonest forget their Education. Revive, O LORD, a primitive Spirit; and then we may hope for some primitive Schools to be erected and encourag'd amongst us.

Sunday, Decem. 16. Preached in the Morning, and as I was afterwards informed, to the Satis­faction and Profit of many. Several Gentlemen came from York, fourteen Miles off, to hear me, and were desirous of my going back to preach at their Town, on the Morrow. A large Au­dience might have been expected, I found, could timely Notice have been given; but being in great haste, there being no Sermon customarily in the Afternoon, I din'd with the Commissary, who entertain'd me and my Friends with great Civility, and left Williamsburg in the After­noon, promising, i [...] possible, to visit these Parts again, some Time in the Summer. About three Miles off the Town, we took [...]eave of our dear Friend from Gloucester; whose Heart GOD has much melted, by the Foolishness of Preaching. Here also, as well as at Williamsburg, we left some Letters to be sent to England. And I could not but think, that GOD intended, in his own Time, to work a good Work in these Southern Parts of America. At present, they seem more dead to GOD; but far less prejudiced [Page 171] than in the Northern Parts of America. At his Request, I gave the Printer leave to print my Journals and Sermons; and I trust, that GOD, who loves to work by the meanest Instruments, will be pleased to bless them to the Conviction and Edification of these his People. Visit them, O dearest LORD, with thy Salvation!

Stretch out thine Arm, victorious King
Their [...]eig [...]ing Sins subda [...]:
Drive the old Dragon from his Seat,
With his infernal Crow.

Monday, December 17. Got over a Ferry three Miles broad, the last Night; and providen­tially met with a young Man, who showed us the Way to one Capt. R—s, who entertain'd [...] with Simplicity and Freedom: He seem'd well disposed, and was so kind as to go with us this Morning 14 Miles on our Way. At my first getting up, I perceived myself much indisposed; but GOD was pleased to strengthen me▪ I h [...]ld out my Journey till I came to an Ordinary above 30 Miles from the Place where we lay la [...] Night: Here we met with what some would account very indifferent Entertainment; but GOD enabled us to be resigned and thankful. Bashfulness and a Fear of being Troublesome has kept us from embracing Offers of Gentleman's Houses; but we have heard a good Report of the Generosity of the Virginia Gentlemen, and I have great reason to believe what is reported; for I find they are so willing and accustomed to entertain [...]trangers, that f [...]w think it worth their while to [Page 172] keep publick Ordinaries. It's good to find Peo­ple given to Hospitality.

Tuesday, December 18. Was very restless and indispos'd with a Fever all Night; which continuing upon me, and one of our Horses be­ing founder'd, it was thought advisable to stay at the Ordinary all the Day. Being very weak, I could scarce list up my Head, or eat any Food; but GOD caused me to rejoice in it, so that my greatest Concern was about the Trouble I gave my dear Friends. I never feel the Power of Re­ligion more than when under outward or inward [...]; it is that alone can enable any Man to sustain▪ with Patience and Thankfulness his bodily Infir [...]. LORD, l [...]t me feel the Power of it more and [...], tho' thou [...]ill me, yet will [...] in thee.

NORTH-CAROLINA.

[...], December 19. Finding myself [...], and the Horse also being in better order, we took a short Day▪ Journey of above, 26 Miles, and were most affectionately received by one Mr. [...], in [...]-Carolina. A little after [...]ar coming in, I beg [...]d Leave to lie down to [...] my weary [...]. And some way or other in my [...], my Friends acquainted our [...] who I was; upon which he was so rejoiced that [...] could not tell how to express his Satisfaction; his Wi [...]e also seem'd most [...] to oblige, and they were only concerned that they could do no more for us. The honest old Man told us, that his Son-in-Law, who lived [Page 173] about three Miles off, ever since he heard of me in the News, wished that I could come thither. This is not the first Time (by many) that I have found the Advantage of the Things my Ad­versaries have inserted in the publick Papers. They do but excite People's Curiosity. There must be something to raise their Attention. Be­sides all Men of Seriousness and Candour, na­turally infer, that some Good must be doing, where such Stories and Falsities are invented. It often gives me unspeakable Comfort, to see how wisely GOD over rules every Thing for the good of his Church: And how he never more effectually bruises the Serpent's Head, than when he permits him, most cruelly to bruise our Heel.

The World, Sin, Death, oppose in vain:
Christ, by his Dying, Death hath slain.
My great Deliverer, and my God!
In vain does the old Dragon rage,
In vain all Hell its Power engage,
Nought can withstand Christ's conqu [...]ing Blood.

EDEN-TOWN.

Tuesday, December 30. Better this Morning, than I have been for some Days past. Took our Leave of our kind Host, and travelled chear­fully on. About Noon we lighted off in the Woods, to give our Horses Provender, and to take a little Refreshment ourselves, which we have done every Day this Week, because there are no Ordinaries in the Way. No one can tell with what Gladness we eat our Food; and how comfortably we praised God, for spreading a Table [Page 174] for us in the Wilderness. By four in the After­noon we reached Eden-Town, a little Place, but beautifully scituated by the Water-side. Here we were well entertained at a publick House; and tho' GOD was pleased to humble my Body by Weakness, and my Soul by Convictions of past Sins, yet before we went to Rest, he was pleased to refresh me with much Peace in the midst of my Humiliations; and exalt me, by giving me a more lively Sense of his Favour and loving Kindness. I think, I often feel what our LORD means, when he says, The Publican went down to his House justified, rather than the Pharisee. I doubt not, but while he was pouring out his Soul and smiting upon his Breast, the Holy Spirit overshadow'd and seal'd to him his Pardon. It is a dreadful Mistake, to deny the Doctrine of Assurance, or to think, it is confined to a Time of Persecution, or the Primitive Ages of the Church. Not only Righteousness and Peace, but Joy in the Holy Ghost (which is the Conse­quence of Assurance) is a necessary Part of the Kingdom of GOD within us. And tho' all are not to be condemned, who have not an immedi­ate Assurance, yet all ought to labour after it. And I really believe, one great Reason why so many go mourning all their Life long, is owing to their [...]gnorance of their Christian Priviledge. They have not Assurance, because they ask it not; they ask it not, because they are taught, that it does not belong to Christians of these last Days; whereas, I know Numbers, whose Salvation is written upon their Hearts, as [Page 175] it were with a Sun-beam: They can rejoice in GOD their Saviour; and give Men and Devils the Challenge to separate them if they can from the Love of GOD in CHRIST JESUS their LORD. Dearest Redeemer, enlighten all thy Followers, to see their Priviledge; and never let them cease Wrestling with thee, till thou dost bless them, by assuring them of their Salvation.

Why should the Children of a King
Go [...]ing all their Days?
Great Comforter descend, and bring
Some Tokens of thy Grace.
Assure their Conscience of their Part
In the Redeemer's Blood,
And bear thy Witness with their Heart
That they are born of GOD.

Bell's Ferry.

Friday, Dec. 21. Was refreshed much both in Body and in Spirit, and the Weather being too hazy to pass over the Sound, I had a sweet Opportunity given me, of Writing some Thing that lay upon my Mind. I intended, had staid, to preach to those few People that were [...] the Town; but about Noon the Sun shinin [...] bright, and dispelling the Mist, at three a Cloc [...] we went in a Pettiauger over the Sound; an [...] were near seven Hours in our Passage. It [...] about Twelve Miles over. GOD favour'd [...] with a calm and pleasant Night. We praise him as we went over, by singing Hymns; [...] met with a convenient Ordinary when we ca [...] [Page 176] on the other Side. How [...] a [...] a [...] go in a long Time, when there is [...] [...] or [...] to carry it forwards! Thus it is with the Soul, when GOD with [...] the gentle Gales and Breath­ings of his blessed Spirit from [...], we sail but [...] towards the Heaven of eternal Rest. Happy the Man who gets out of himself, and lives upon the Promises [...] the Gospel: He is [...] whether he is becalmed or in a Storm, that all shall work together for his [...].

Path-Town.

Saturday, Decemb▪ 22. Set out by Break of Day, and came by E [...]ght at Night, to Bath-Town, near 50 Miles from B [...]ll's Ferry.—It is by far the longest Stage and the worst Roads we have had since we began our Journey. They Ground most part of the Way was wet and wampy; the Land in [...] habited, and a very ensible Alteration was discernible in the Wea­her.—It was as hot as it generally is about May [...] England; but we had a sweet Breeze of Wind [...]ermix'd, which made our Riding through the [...]oods in the Day Time exceeding pleasant. [...]bout Mid-Way we met with an Ordinary, here we refreshed ourselves and Beasts. We observed a Variety of Birds: and in the Even­ [...]g heard the Wolves on one Side of us, barking [...] a Kennel of Hounds: Which made me [...]lect on what the Psalmist says, "The Lions [...]ing after their Prey, do seek their Meat from GOD".

[Page 177] They range all Night, on Slaughter bent,
'Till summon'd by the rising Morn,
To skulk in Dens, with one Consent
The conscious Ravagers return.

GOD's Providence sent us a Guide, and better Entertainment at our Inn than we have had for some Time. As we rode along, one of my Friends said, How dreadful must it be for a natural Man to be placed in such a howling Wil­derness, surrounded with those many Wolves, Bears and Tygers, which come forth at Night, Reading upon him; but then, added he, how infinitely more dreadful must it be, to be cast into Hell, and surrounded continually with the Howlings of demand Spirits! When we came to our Inn we were told of a Man and Woman, who were one Night surrounded with a Kennel of these Wolves, and pursued by them a long Way. This made me think of another Expression of Mr. Gilbert Tennent's, ‘The Creatures are up in Arms against us, to revenge their Maker's Quarrel.’ Thanks be to GOD, for the Death and Resurrection of our dear Lord JESUS, who has not only deliver'd us from the Power of wild Beasts, but from Death and Hell itself.

Tho' in the Paths of Death I tread,
With gloomy Horrors overspread;
My stedfast Heart shall fear no Ill,
For thou, O LORD, art with me still:
Thy friendly Crook shall give me Aid,
And guide me thro' the dreadful Shade.
[Page 178]
T [...] in a [...] and rugged Way,
Thro' [...] [...] [...]lds I stray;
Thy Bounty shall my Pains beguile.
The barren Wilderness shall smile,
With sudden [...] and Herbage crown'd:
The Streams shall murmur all around.

Sunday, Decemb. 23. Sent to the Minister of the Place, and had some Conversation with him last Night. Preach'd about Noon to about 100 People, which, as I found, was an extraordinary Congregation; there being seldom more than a Score at Church. In my Preaching I felt [...] Divine Presence: I did not spare to tell the Hearers, how I thought GOD was angry with them, because he had sent them for a long Time a Famine of the Word, and not given them a teaching Priest. All seem'd attentive to what was spoken. After Sermon one poor Woman came with a full Heart, desiring my Prayers. I asked her, whether she had been convicted by the Sermon, or whether she knew CHRIST? She answered, she had been seeking him for some Time; but wanted to find a Minister who had Understanding in divine Things.—Poor Woman! thy Case is common. Most that handle the Law, know not what they say, nor whereof they affirm. LORD JESUS! in thy Mercy puri [...]y the Sons of Levi; accomplish the Number of thing Elect, and hasten thy Kingdom. O make no long Tarrying, our LORD and our GOD!

[Page 179]

New-Bern-Town.

Monday, Decem. 24. Crossed Pamplico River Yesterday Evening, about 5 Miles wide. Lay at an Ordinary near the Water-side. Set out by Break of Day. Cross'd New-River about four in the Afternoon; and reached New-Bern-Town, 32 Miles from Bath-Town, by six at Night. Perceived my Appetite to grow better. Experienced some inward Teachings of GOD's Spirit by the Way; and had a sweet Communion in Spirit, after I came to the Inn, with my dear Friends at England, who, I supposed, were join­ing with one Accord in fervent Prayer, and ushering in the Festival of our dear LORD's Nativity, by singing of Hymns and spiritual▪ Songs. This Time Twelve-Months, I was with them; and even now I am absent from them, my Soul is deeply united with theirs, and all GOD's Children, by the Spirit of his dear Son; and however separated here, this is my Comfort, Men or Devils can't keep us from meeting and dwelling together eternally hereafter. Oh that the Cry was made, Behold the Bridegroom cometh! As the Hart panteth after the Water-Brooks, so doth my Soul long for that Time wherein I shall [...]e summon'd to go forth to meet him.

Tuesday, December 25. Endeavoured still to keep my Mind as much as possible in Union with all those pious Souls, who I knew were Rejoicing in the glad Tidings of Salvation by JESUS CHRIST. Went to publick Worship, and received the Holy Sacrament, which was [Page 180] celebrated in the Court-House; but was some­what discomposed, and mourned much in Spirit, to see in what an indifferent Manner every Thing was carried▪ on. I cried mightily to the LORD in my secret Devotions: And in the Afternoon, when I read Prayers and preached, He was pleased to shew that he had heard me; for I scarce knew when we have had a more visible Manifestation of the Divine Presence, since our Coming into America. The People were un­commonly attentive.—Most melted into Tears, and shewed what a great Impression the Word made upon their Hearts.—I myself was much carried out.—I felt the Power of GOD [...]ome upon me, and spoke with Demonstration of the Spirit, to the Hearers Souls. After Sermon, a poor Woman with a full Heart, ran to me, desiring me that I would come and preach where she lived. Another told me I had given him a home Stroke. And indeed, I believe, all [...]elt an uncommon Power upon their Minds. The Woman where we lodged would take Nothing for our Christmas Dinner; and wished we could stay with them longer. This unex­pected Success rejoiced me the more, because I looked upon it, as an Earnest of future and more plentiful Effusions of GOD's Spirit in these Parts. I really believe, whenever the Gospel is preached with Power in these Parts, it will be remarkably blessed. For I have not heard of one faithful Minister's being sent over amongst them. And how shall they believe on him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they [Page 181] hear without a Preacher? And how shall they [...], unless they are sent by and taught of GOD? Oh how will it rejoice me, to hear that some poor Soul this Day was born again! Then it would [...]e a Christmas-Day [...]. And why should I doubt? I have great [...] to think

I [...] a Soul the Savouir strived,
I [...] and believed.

Soon after Evening Service, I and my Friends took Horse, and rode about 8 Miles▪ and were sweetly entertained at a German' [...] House, who kept an Ordinary, and had been one of my Hearers. I observe the People of that Nation, as far as I can find, are the most industrious as well as serious People, that ever came into America.—I doubt not but the LORD will [...]ss them more and more. Wrote this Morning to the Minister of New-Bern, who countenanced a Dancing Master, by suffering his own Son to be one of his Pupils. Several of the Inhabitants, I was [...], had sub­scribed to it; and their Meetings were generally attended with ill Consequences; which made me the more desirous to leave my Testimony against it. It grieves me to [...]ind that in every little Town there is a settled Dancing-Master, but scarce any where a settled Minister to be met with. Such a Proceeding must be of dreadful Consequence to any, especially a new settled Providence.—All Governors, merely out of a Principle of Human Policy, ought to put a Stop to it.—For [...] Entertainments enervate the [...] of People, and insensibly [...] them [Page 182] into E [...]feminacy, and unfit them to endure those Hardships, and go through those Fatigues, which must necessarily be undergone in order to bring a Province to Perfection. True Religion alone exalts a Nation—Such sinful Entertainments are a Reproach to, and will, in Time, be the Ruin of any People.

Wednesday, December 26. Set out early, and rode very pleasantly till Dinner Time. Me with some comfortable Refreshment at an Or­dinary upon the Road; and lodged at a little House in the Woods, about 35 Miles off where we lay last Night. The People were appris'd of my Coming, and got such Things as they had, in a decent Manner. We endeavoured to re­ceive all the Divine Blessings with Thankful­ness. I had a good deal of Discourse with the People of the House; and after much previous and suitable Conversation, I baptized two Stran­ger's Children, who providentially lay at the same House that Night.—I believe there may be Hundreds of Children in this Province un­baptised, for want of a Minister. Oh that the LORD would send forth some, who like John the Baptist, might preach, and baptize in the Wilder­ness! I believe, they would flock to them from all the Countries round about!

Thursday, December 27. Set out about eight in the Morning. Crossed Trent River, a Ferry about a half Mile wide; and got to an Ordinary, a little way off the Road, and about 33 Miles Stage, before six at Night: As soon as I came in, a young Man welcomed me into America, who, [Page 183] upon enquiry, I found had been one of my Pa­rishioners at Savannah: This gave me an imme­diate Opportunity of falling into Religious Con­versation; and after I had done with the Go­vernors, I went, as my usual Custom is, among the Negroes belonging to the House: One was sick in Bed, and two of his Children, said their Prayers after me very well. This more and more convinces me, that the Negroes Children, if early brought up in the Nurture and Admoni­tion of the LORD, would make as great a pro­ficiency [...]s any white People's Children whatso­ever. I do not despair, if GOD spares my Life, to see a School of young Negroes, singing the Praises of him that made them, in a Psalm of Thanksgiving. LORD, thou hast put into my Heart a good Design to educate them; I doubt not, but thou wilt enable me to bring it to good Effect. All that truly love thy Name, I am confident will▪say, Amen.

New-Town on Cape-Fear River.

Friday, December 28. Had a very blusterous Night, and the Weather continued very rainy most part of the Day. However, the LORD strengthen'd us to go on our Way. After about 15 Miles Ride, we comfortably refreshed both ourselves and Horses, at a poor Widows Ordina­ry, who a few Days agone had buried her Hus­band; which made her more thoughtful, and better prepared for Religious Discourse. After Dinner we had a pleasant Ride to Newtown on Cape-Fear River, near 18 Miles from the Place [Page 184] where we baited: It is a little, but thriving Place for Trade; and we rejoiced greatly, that the LORD had brought us thus far on our Jour­ney, and had not suffer'd us to go out of our Way, thro' so many almost uninhabited Woods, nor so much as to hurt our Feet against a Stone. The little wet Weather to Day, made our Inns the more acceptable; and we could not help re­flecting, that it is in our spiritual as in our tempo­ral Journeys, sometimes the Sun of Righteousness arises with great Lustre upon our Hearts; some­times a Cloud overshadows us, and Storms sur­round us. LORD, enable us, thro' b [...]th, conti­nually to press forward; and suffer us not to grow [...] in our Minds: For we know, that one [...] of the bea [...]ick Vision, will make amends for all.

Saturday, December 29. Thought proper to Rest to Day, for the Ease of our Beasts.—Had another Opportunity of writing some Letters to England. Din'd with one Mr. M [...]y, the Naval-Officer, who gave us an Invitation last Night to his House: And spent the remainder of the Day in putting down some Things that lay upon my Heart. Sanctify them, O LORD, to the promo­ting thy Glory, and the Good of Mankind.

Sunday December 30. Wrote some more Let­ters to my Friends in England. Read Prayers and preached, both Morning and Evening, in the Court-House, to as many as could be expected at so short a Warning. There being many of the Scotch amongst the Congregation, who lately came over to settle in North-Carolina, I was [Page 185] led out in the Afternoon to make a particular Application to them, and [...]o remind them of the Necessity of living [...] Live [...], if they intended to prove a Blessing to th [...] Province, and thereby give a Proof of their, [...] in assenting to those [...] which I [...] been delivering and which they had heard preached to them with great Pu­rity [...] Charnels in their native Country. After Service, a Gentleman told me, that several were affected: Two other Gentleman came, and pres­sed me to stay longer; but being intent on my Journey, about five in the Evening, I and my Friends passed a Ferry, about three Miles, and lay comfortably at the House of the High-Sheriff of the County. Here we met with some other Persons, whom I prayed with, and instructed, to the best of my Power; for which they seemed thankful. Much good night he done, by art­fully bringing in Religious Conversation. Our LORD did so wherever he [...]. And every true Minister of JESUS CHRIST ought to live so ex [...]mpla [...]ly, that wheresoever he comes the People should expect some [...]ying Discourse immediatly to deep from his Mouth. The Scripture says, The [...] Lot entered into [...]our. So ought every good Man to bring Light and Heat with him, wheresoever he comes. Wicked Men may lead us an Example of Boldness.

They can brave th' eternal Laws,
Zealous in their Master's Cause.
JESU, shall thy Servants be
Less resolv'd and bold for thee!

[Page 186] Monday, December 31. Set out early, and met with more Perils by Land, than we have been exposed to yet. It having rain'd almost the whole Night; the Swamps and Creeks which lay in the Way, were filled with Water: And the Bridges being out of Repair, rendered Travelling very dangerous. In one Place we were obliged to swim our Horses. In many, the Water was so very high that they could not be passed without much Difficulty. I was such a Coward, as to be sometimes a little fearful. GOD sent us two Guides, by whose Assistance we were carried thro' all, and brought at Night to a little House, where with Pleasure we reflected on the Dangers of the Day; and reminded one another of the unspeakable Satis­faction we might expect hereafter, from a View of those many Crosses, Difficulties and Tempta­tions, which we must necessarily endure whilst here on Earth. Oh that we may learn to endure any Pain, despise any Shame, submit to any Diffi­culties, out of a believing Prospect of what we shall hereafter reap from them, when placed in Glory at the Right Hand of GOD.

SOUTH-CAROLINA.

Tuesday, January 1. Rode about 10 Miles, and to my great Comfort, where we baited, met with one, who, I had great Reason to believe, was a Child of GOD. It somewhat grieved me, that I could stay no longer; but being in Haste, we passed over a Half-Mile Ferry, and about sun-set came to a Tavern lying near five [Page 187] Miles in the Province of South-Carolina. Here I immediately perceived the People were more polite than those we generally met with. But I believe the People of the House, at first, could have wished I had not come to be their Guest that Night: For it being New-Years-Day, several of the Neighbours were met together, in order to divert themselves by dancing Country Dances. By Advice of my Friends, I went in amongst them, while a Woman was Dancing a Jigg. At my first Entrance I endeavoured to shew the Folly of such Entertainments, and to convince her how well pleased the Devil was with every Step she took:—For some Time she endeavoured to out-brave me; neither the Fidler nor she desisted; but at last she gave over, and the Musician laid aside his Instrument. It would have made any one smile, to see how the Rest of the Company, one by one, attacked me, and brought, as they thought, Arguments to support their Wantonness. But CHRIST triumphed over Satan: They were all put to Silence; and were for some Time so over-awed, that after I had discoursed with them on the Nature of Baptism, the Necessity of being born again, in order to enjoy the Kingdom of Heaven; at their Entreaty, I baptized one of their Chil­dren; and prayed afterwards, as I was enabled, and as the Circumstances of the Company required. Then I and my Companions took a little Refreshment. But the People were so bent on their Pleasure, that notwithstanding all that had been said, after I was gone to Bed, I heard [Page 188] their Musick and Dancing; which made me look back on my own past Follies, with Shame and Confusion of Face; for such a one not long since, was I myself. LORD, for thy Mercies sake, shew all unhappy Formalists the same Favour, and suffer them not to go on in such a carnal Security till they lift up their Eyes in Torments. Draw them, O [...]aw them from Feeding upon such Husks. Let them know what it is to feed upon the fatted Calf: Even the Comforts of the blessed Spirit. Amen. Amen.

January 2. Rose very early; prayed, sung a Hymn, and gave a sharp Reproof to the Dan­cers. They were very attentive, and took it in good Part. At break of Day we mounted [...] Horses, and I think never had a more pleasant Journey in all my Days: For near 20 Miles we Rode over the Shore of a most beautiful Bay, as plain as a Terras Walk; and as we passed along were wonderfully delighted to see Porpusses taking their Pastime, and Shore resounding to Shore the Praises of him who has set Bounds to the Sea that it cannot pass, and hath said, Here shall your proud Waves be stayed. At Night we thought to call at a Gentleman's House, where we had been recommended, about 40 Miles distant from our last Night's Lodging; but the Moon being totally eclipsed, we miss'd the Path that turned out of the Road. We then thought it most adviseable, as we were in the main Road, to go on our Way, trusting to the Almighty to strengthen both our Beasts and us. We had not gone far, but we saw a Light; [Page 189] two of my Friends went up to it, and saw a Hut full of Negroes: They enquired after the Gentleman's House whither we were directed; but the Negroes seem'd surprized, and said they knew no such Man, and that they were but new Comers. From these Circumstances, one of my Friends inferr'd, that these Negroes might be some of those who lately had made an Insurrection in the Province, and were run away from their Masters. When he return'd, we were all of his Mind; and therefore thought it best to mend our Pace. Soon after we saw another great Fire near the Road Side; but imagining there was another Nest of such Negroes, we made a Circuit into the Woods.—One of my Friends, at a Distance, observed them Dancing round the Fire. The Moon shining bright, we soon found our Way into the great Road again; and after we had gone about a Dozen Miles, expecting to find Negroes in every Place, we came to a great Plantation, the Master of which, to our great Comfort, gave us Lodging and our Beasts Provender. Upon our relating the Circumstances of our Travels, he gave us Satisfaction about the Negroes; informed us whose they were, and upon what Occasion they were in those Places in which we found them. This afforded us much Comfort, after we had rode near Three-score Miles, and, as we thought, in great Peril of our Lives. Blessed be thy Name, O LORD, for this and all other thy Mercies through JESUS CHRIST our LORD.

[Page 190] Thursday, January 3. Had a hospitable Breakfast set before us by the Gentleman who last Night received us into his House. Set out late in the Morning. Passed over a Three Mile Ferry, near George-Town: And, for the Ease of our Beasts, rode not above 18 Miles the whole Day. A good Man, says Solomon, is merciful to his Beast. How they will answer it at the great Day, who abuse the inferior Creatures, as tho' they had a License to use them as they please, I know not; sure I am, that for every such Abuse GOD will bring them into Judgment.

Friday, January 4. Lay at a little House on Santee River; where I met with one of my Red-coat Catechumens, who had been discharged, but retained a grateful Sense of the Instructions that had been given him. Passed over two Ferries in the Morning. Baited at Dinner-Time, after we had rode 18 Miles, and were then obliged to ride 25 Miles more, there being no proper Place to stay by the Way. About Eight in the Evening we came to a Tavern, within Eight Miles of Charles-Town, where we comfortably were refreshed with Food convenient for us. We had Family Prayer; and therein endeavoured to express our Thank­fulness to GOD, for thus causing us to renew our Strength, and bringing us so near a Place where we would be. Oh! that our Hearts may be excited, more and more, to praise the LORD, for these and all other Mercies, which he daily pours down upon the unworthiest of the Sons of Men!

[Page 191]

CHARLES-TOWN.

Saturday, January 5. Left our Lodgings be­fore Day-Light, and reached Charles-Town, after we had passed over a three Mile Ferry, about ten in the Morning. Went to the House of one Mr. L—re, where we dined, and were entertain'd with great Civility. In the Afternoon, several Gentlemen of the Town were so kind as to come and see me, and express'd a great Willingness to hear me preach. Letters and Papers were also brought me from New-York, informing me how mightily the Word of GOD grew and pre­vailed there. The Accounts in the English Papers of the War being daily carried on there, betwixt CHRIST and Belial, afforded us fresh Matter for Praising that GOD, who, we hoped, would in his Kingdom of Grace bring mighty Things to pass; while the World was buried in Wars and Rumours of Wars.—In the Evening I wrote some Letters to my English and New-York Friends.—Felt such Comfort within myself as the World cannot give, and verified what the Psalmist says, They shall be in perfect Peace, whose Minds are staid on thee. Oh that all were Par­takers of it!

Sunday, January 6. Went to publick Service in the Morning; but did not preach, because the Curate had not a Commission to lend me the Pulpit, unless Mr. G—n, then out of Town, had been present: However, most of the Town being very eager to hear me, in the Afternoon I preached in one of the Dissenting Meeting-Houses: [Page 192] But was grieved to find so little Con­cern in the Congregation after the Sermon was over. The Auditory was large, but very polite: And I question, whether the Court-End of the Town at London, could equal or exceed them in affected Finery and Gaiety of Dress: A De­portment ill becoming Persons who have had such Divine Judgments lately sent abroad amongst them: I reminded them of it in my Sermon; but I thought at first, I seem'd to them as one that mocked: This made me more importunate in secret Prayer; and I hoped GOD would let me see that he intended to Visit the Inhabitants with Mercy, as well as Judgment. For nothing is a greater sign of People's being harden'd, than their continuing unreformed under divine Visita­tions. Thus it was with Pharoah and the Egyp­tians. LORD, for thy Mercies sake, let it not be the case of this People. Amen, LORD JESUS, Amen.

Monday, January 7. Finding the Inhabitants were desirous to hear me a second Time, about eleven in the Morning I preached in the French Church; and blessed be GOD, saw a glorious Alteration in the Audience; which was so great that many stood without the Door. And I felt much more Freedom in myself, than I did yesterday. Many were melted into Tears; and one of the Town, the most remarkably gay, was observed to weep. And instead of the People's going out, as they did yesterday, in a light, airy, un­thinking Manner, a visible Concern was in most of their Faces, as tho' they could not resist the [Page 193] Power, with which GOD enabled me to speak. Not unto me, O LORD, not unto me, but unto thy Name alone, [...]e all the Glory. After Sermon, I and my Friends, din'd at a Merchant's in Town: And as I was passing along, a Letter was put into my Hands, wherein were these Words▪ ‘Re­member me in your Prayers, for CHRIST'S sake, who died for me a Sinner. I appeal to you for Help in the way to Salvation. Pray fail me not: And I beseech you, to pray for my Soul. And the LORD bless you; and grant you may win many Souls to GOD by your sincere Preaching.’—Many also of the Inhabitants, with full Hearts, entreated me to give them one more Sermon: Which I looked upon as a Call from Provid [...]nce; and therefore, tho' I was equipped for Departure, and just a­bout to take Boat, yet I thought it my Duty to comply with the People's Request, and to put off my Journey 'til the Morrow.—Notice was immediately given, and in about half an Hour a large Congregation was assembled in the Meet­ing-House, where I preached yesterday, because it was the largest Place. GOD strengthened me to speak, I trust, as I ought to speak. In the Evening, I supped at another Merchant's House: where I had an Opportunity, for near t [...]ollours, to converse of the Things of GOD, to a large Company. And afterwards retired to my Lodgings, full of Joy, at the Prospect of having a good Work begun in this Place. It grieves me to see People humane, hospitable, willing to oblige, and every way polite; yet ignorant of [Page 194] the one Thing needful. LORD, send forth thy Servants. Let there be a Cry made, Behold, the Bridegroom cometh! and incline all formal Professors, all polite and foolish Virgins, to trim their Lamps, that they may be ready to go forth to meet Thee!

Beaufort in Port-Royal.

Tuesday, January 8. Rose a good while before Day. Left our Horses at Charles-Town. Set out for Georgia in an open Canoe, having five Negroes to row and steer us; and GOD was pleased to give us, for the most part, fair Weather: The Slaves were very civil, diligent and laborious. We lay one Night upon the Water; and about five on Wednesday Evening, arrived at Beaufort in Port-Royal, a Hundred Miles from Charles-Town, within the Province of South-Carolina; and after we drank a little Tea at our Inn, we waited upon the Reverend Mr. Jones, the Minister of the Place, who received us with great undissembled Civility, and was very desirous I should take a Bed at his House, as I did when I passed thro' the Place, when I left Georgia last; but intending to set out by two in the Morning, we thought it best to lie at our Inn; and therefore▪ after Supper, and a little friendly Conversation, we took our Leave, rejoicing, as we always do on such Occasions, that we had met with another Cler­gyman who seemed to have the Fear of GOD before his Eyes. LORD, increase the Num­ber of them, for thy dear Son's sake! Amen, Amen.

[Page 195] Thursday, January 10. The Wind being very high, and thereby Sailing being rendered impr [...]icable, I and my Friends staid at Beaufort all the Morning. Dined, at his Invitation, with kind Mr. Jones; and afterwards, the Weather being fair and the Tide serving, we took Boat, and refreshed ourselves at a Plantation in the Way, made a Fire on the Shore, and slept round It for about four Hours. A little after Midnight we prayed with the Negroes, took Boat again, and reached SAVANNAR before Noon the next Day, and had a joyful Meeting with my dear Friends, who I found had been arrived Three Weeks; and also was much refreshed with a most comfortable Packet of Letters from England, New-York, &c. Bl [...]ssed be GOD, the Work of our Blessed EMANUEL is every where carrying on. E'er long I expect that mighty Things will be brought to pass. Oh that the LORD may strengthen me, to make full Proof of my Ministry in this Place, to the Glory of his great Name, and the Good of his dear Church!

HERE I would stop: But I think it may not be amiss to put down some few Remarks I have made on the State of Religion, in these Provinces which I have lately passed through. And here I cannot but give the JERSEYS and PENNSYLVANIA the Preference: For to me they seem to be the Garden of America; their Oxen are strong to labour, and there seems to be no Complaining in their Streets: What is best of all, I believe [Page 196] they [...] the LORD fir their GOD.— [...] I infer from their having so many faithful Ministers sent forth amongst them: and, except Northampton in New-England, the Work of Conversion has not been carried on with so much Power, in any Part of America, as I can hear of, as under the Ministry of Messrs. Tennents, Cross, and the other Labourers before mentioned. The Constitution is far from being arbitrary; the So [...]l is good; the Land exceeding fruitful; and there is the greatest Equality between the Poor and the Rich, as perhaps can be found any where in the known World.—And for my Part, I like them so well, that, GOD willing, I propose taking up some Land to erect a School for Negroes, in the latter of them, and settle some of my English Friends, whose Hearts GOD shall stir up, or whom the Fury of their Enemies shall oblige, to depart from their Native Country. PHILADELPHIA is one of the most regular Towns I ever saw: Above Seventy new Houses were built in it the last Year; and it is likely to increase in Inhabitants every Day.—It [...] rightly called Philadelphia, i. e. Brotherly [...]ove. For, by their Charter, all are permitted to worship GOD their own Way, without being branded as Schi [...]aticks, Dissenters, or Disturbers of the established Constitution. The Quakers have the Preheminence in the Government.—The Assembly, as I am told, is made up of them, except about four; which prevents all Preparations for ma [...]ial Defence against the Spania [...]s, it being one of their Principles not [Page 197] to fight at all.—Much of the Simplicity of Dress and Manners, which may be observed among the Inhabitants, I think, is in a great Measure owing to them. And I saw less of the Pride of Life in Pennsylvania than elsewhere: But it has happen'd to them, as it will to all other Religious Societies whatsoever, when they flourish and have the Upper-hand; I mean, many, for Profit's sake, have been known to dissemble with them; and I fear, Numbers amongst them, as amongst us, can give no other Reason why they are Quakers, than that their Fathers were so before them. I say this, because I find but little of a Divine Power stirring amongst them; and most of them are too st [...]ff and rigid about external Things: And, as I was informed by credible Hands, one of their own Preachers warn'd them lately of their Back-sliding, and told them, without a Reformation, GOD would remove their Candlestick from them, and not work by their Hands any more. In the City of Philadelphia they have two large Meeting-Houses▪ they assemble frequently together, and, all Things considered, are the most regular Society of Men in the World. Besides this, there is a Baptist and Presbyterian Meeting.—I had the pleasure of being acquainted with the Ministers of both, and found there was some in their Congregations, particularly in that of the Baptists, who loved the LORD JESUS in Sincerity. The Church of England is but at a low [...] in Pennsylvania. in general, and in Philadelphia in particular. In all the Places I [Page 198] passed through, the Presbyterians and Quakers had larger Congregations than any of our Missionaries,—And we may guess how the Love of many of the Church of England in Philadel­phia, must have waxed cold, because the Church, which has been begun, if I mistake not, some Years ago, is far from being finished within: However, many of late have been convinc'd what true Christianity is; and I hope a Party for JESUS CHRIST, will e'er long be selected out of the Members of our own Communion. The little Time I was at NEW-YORK would not permit me to make so many Observations, of the Situation of the Affairs of Religion in that Province, as otherwise I might have done.—A great Complaint was made to me, by some of the most serious Inhabitants, that it was a very secure Place, and that a Work of GOD had never be [...] carried on in it, since its first Set­tlement.—The Heads of the Church of England [...]eem'd resolved to shut out the Kingdom of GOD from amongst them:—But our LORD JESUS has been pleased to get himself the Victory; and tho' I was mostly opposed in New-York, yet if I may judge of what I saw myself, and have heard since my Departure, as much, if not more, Good has been done there, as in any other Place where I have been, for so short a Time. At MARYLAND Religion seems to be at a very [...]ow Ebb.—There are Roman Catholicks in some Parts, four Congregations of Presbyterians, and a few Quakers; but far the greatest Part call themselves of the Church of [Page 199] England, which might, no doubt, greatly flourish, were their Ministers found faithful: But the Government, I fear, spoils them, by giving them too much Tobacco; for some, I hear, have 30,000, others 50,000, others 60,000 Pounds of Tobacco, per Annum. It is gathered by the High-Sheriff of the County, and every Taxable is obliged to pay 40 lb. of Tobacco yearly to the Ministers, tho' great Numbers never hear or see them. In VIRGINIA Matters are not quite so bad: The Ministers Stipends are not so large: The Commissary seems to have more Power, and to exercise more Discipline:—But almost all are quite settled upon their Lees; and I could not hear of any true vital Piety subsisting in that Province. In Maryland I was told of one Mr. C [...]lebatch, a Godly Minister, who died five Years ago. And I heard of another, a Layman, in Virginia, who has been dead 25 Years, that did make Religion his chief Business. In Virginia are no Dissenters from the establish'd Church, except one Meeting or two of Quakers. The Importation of so many Negroes and Convicts, is one great Reason why so little Religion is to be seen: But the main Cause of Irreligion, both in Virginia and Maryland, I take to be their not Incorporating into Towns; for hereby People living at a Distance from the Church, are apt to make every little Thing serve as an Excuse, to keep them from publick Worship; Religious Societies cannot well be settled, and wicked Men may more easily revel and get drunk without contro [...]l; Ministers, had [Page 200] they a Will, cannot visit from House to House; and, what is as bad as any Thing, Schools for the Education of Children, cannot be so con­veniently erected when the Houses are so far separate. The greatest Probability of doing Good in Virginia, is among the Scotch-Irish, who have lately settled in the mountainous Parts of that Province; they raise little or no Tobacco, but Things that are useful for common Life: And I hear the Governor has given Leave for a Minister of their own Way of Thinking, to come whenever he can be pro­cured. In NORTH-CAROLINA there's scarce so much as the Form of Religion. There are two Churches begun [...]or some Time, but neither finished. There are several Dancing-Masters; but scarce one regularly settled Minister; so that in most Places they have Readers, who read a Sermon every Sunday to the People, who pay five Shillings a Quarter, of their Currency, which is Ten Shillings for One of Sterling.—However, the Government, I hear, has made Proposals to the Society for Propagating the Gospel in Foreign Parts, to send Missionaries; but I should rather that People had no Ministers, than such as are generally sent over: And I cannot see the Charity of contributing towards [...]ending out Missionaries, unless greater Care be taken in the Choice of those that are sent; for it is notorious, the Generality of them walk directly contrary to the Gospel of our LORD JESUS CHRIST. All the Accounts most of them have given for some Time, is, that they [Page 201] have baptized so many, and that so many received the Sacrament▪ And upon the Whole, if it be asked, Why there is so little Religion in the Church of England? It may be answered, the Missionaries for the most Part, lead very bad Examples. I think there was a visible Difference as soon as we came into SOUTH-CAROLINA. The People there seem'd to study to be polite. They have many Ministers amongst them, both of our own and other Persuasions; but I hear of no stirring among the dry Bones. Mr. Garden, the present Commissary, is strict in the outward Discipline of the Church: The Clergy have an Annual Me [...]ting; and most of them, I believe, are kept from open Immoralities. And now I am come to GEORGIA, What shall I say of thee, poor SAVANNAH? Many of thy Inhabitants have left thee since we were here last; but still I hope Blessings are yet in reserve. Oh that thy Inhabitants would acquaint themselves with GOD, and be at Peace with him! Then wouldst thou be more than Conqueror over all thy Enemies.—Thus have I put down a few Thoughts that have occurred to my Mind. May GOD enlighten me where I am in the Dark, correct me where I am wrong, and bless this further Account of his Dealings with me, to the Conviction of Gain-sayers; the Comfort of Saints, and to the Edification of all that shall read it. Even so, LORD JESUS, Amen▪ and Amen.

[Page 202] I cannot express my Desire for the Advancing of our dear LORD's Kingdom, both in the Hearts of my Friends, and all Mankind, better than in the Hymn altered from Dr. Moore, by one of the Rev. Mr. Wesleys.

I.
When Christ had left his Flock below,
The Loss his faithful Flock deplor'd:
Him in the Flesh, no more they know,
And languish for their absent Lord.
II.
Not long: For he gone up on High,
Gifts to receive, and claim his Crown:
Beholds them sorrowing from his Sky,
And pour'd the mighty Blessing down.
III.
He, for the Presence of his Flesh,
The Spirit's Sevenfold Gifts imparts:
And living Streams their Souls refresh:
And Joy divine o' [...]rflows their Hearts.
IV.
While all, in sweet Devotion join'd,
Humbly to wait for God, retire:
The promis'd Grace, in rushing Wind
Descends, and cloven Tongues of Fire.
[Page 203]
V.
God's mighty Spirit fills the Dome;
The feeble Dome beneath him shook:
Trembled the Croud, to feel him come,
Soon as the Sons of Thunder spoke.
VI.
Father! if justly still we claim
To us and ours the Promise made;
To us be graciously the same,
And crown, with living Fire, our Head.
VII.
Our Claim admit; and from above,
Of Holiness, the Spirit show'r,
Of wise Discernment, humble Love,
And Zeal, and Unity, and Power.
VIII.
The Spirit of convincing Speech,
Of Power demonstrative impart;
Such as may ev'ry Conscience reach,
And sound the unbelieving Heart.
IX.
The Spirit of refining Fire,
Searching the inmost of the Mind;
To purge all fierce and foul Desire,
And kindle Life more pure and kind.
[Page 204]
X.
The Spirit of Truth, in this thy Day,
To break the Power of cancell'd Sin;
Tread down its Strength, o'erturn its Sway;
And still the Conquest more than win.
XI.
The Spirit, Breath of inward Life,
Which in our Hearts thy Laws may write;
Then Grief expires, and Pain, and Stri [...]e,
'Tis Nature all, and all Delight.
XII.
On all the Earth, thy Spirit show'r,
The Earth in Righteousness renew:
Thy Kingdom come, and Hell's o'erpow'r,
And to thy Sceptre all subdue.
XIII.
Like mighty Wind, or Torrent fierce,
Let it Opposers all o'erturn,
And every Law of Sin, reverse;
That Faith and Love may make all one.
XIIII.
Yea, let thy Spirit in ev'ry Place,
Its richer Energy declare:
While lovely Tempers, Fruits of Grace
The Kingdom of thy Christ prepare.
[Page 205]
XV.
Grant this, O Holy God and true!
The ancient Seers thou didst inspire:
To us perform the Promise due:
Descend and crown us▪ now with [...]ire.
The END of the Second Volume.
[Page]

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    2 COR. 3. 6. Who also hath made us able Ministers of the New-Testament, not [...] Letter, but of the Spirit. 2 COR. 6. 4, &c. But in all Things [...] ourselves the Ministers of GOD, [...] Patience, in Labours, in Watch [...] [...] [...] ­ings: By Pureness▪ by Knowledge, [...] suffering, by Kindness, by the Holy [...] [...] Love unfeign'd, by the Word of [...] Honour and Dishonour, by evil [...] and go [...] Report; as Deceivers, and yet t [...]ue.’
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    THE DANGER OF AN UNCONVERTED MINISTRY. Consider'd in a SERMON On MARK VI. 34. Preached at NOTTINGHAM, in Pennsylvania, March 8. ANNO 1739, 40.

    By GILBERT TENNENT, A. M. And Minister of the Gospel in New-Brunswick, New-Jersey.

    JEREM. V. 30, 31. A wonderful and horrible Thing is committed in the Land: The Prophets prophesy falsely, and the Priests bear Rule by their Means, and my People love to have it so; and what will they do in the End thereof?
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    GOSPEL SONNETS, OR SPIRITUAL SONGS. In Six PARTS.

    • I. The Believer's Espousals.
    • II. The Believer's Jointure.
    • III. The Believer's Riddle,
    • IV. The Believer's Lodging.
    • V. The Believer's Soliloquy.
    • VI. The Believer's Principles,

    CONCERNING

    • Creation and Redemption,
    • Law and Gospel,
    • Justification and Sanctification,
    • Faith and Sense,
    • Heaven and Earth.

    By RALPH ERSKINE, M. A.

  • [Page]

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