Pharmacopoeia Pauperum.


Containing the MEDICINES USED IN THE Hospitals of LONDON, By the Direction of Dr. COATSWORTH, Dr. MEAD, Dr. CADE, Dr. WADSWORTH, Dr. HALES, &c. WITH Suitable INSTRUCTIONS for their Common Use.

Homo, qui erranti comiter monstrat viam, quasi lu­men de suo lumine accendat, facit: Nihilominus ipsi lucet, cum illi accenderit.

Ennius apud Tullium.

LONDON: Printed for T. WARNER, at the Black-Boy in Pater-Noster-Row. 1718.


IT may seem strange to pub­lish any thing of this kind, after a New Dispensatory that has drawn together all that is valuable in Me­dicine; but this Manual is ventured into the World, notwith­standing such Disadvantage, because it contains the Prescriptions of the most eminent Physicians in our Nation, which were contrived on purpose for the Poorer Sort of People; and are at present con­stantly used in the Hospitals of London: And therefore it is a Collection of the [Page] most cheap and most efficacious Medi­cines, that the whole Art does supply.

To render it the more Useful, here are annexed to every Prescription, Explana­tions of their Virtues and Uses, after the Manner of Dr. QUINCY, in his New Dispensatory.

The Physicians whose Names this bears in the Title, it is hoped, will not in the least take it amiss, that what they have been at the Pains to contrive for the Use of those particularly under their Care, is in this manner made more extensive for a Common Good.

Pharmacopoeia Pauperum: OR, THE HOSPITAL DISPENSATORY.

THE Waters most commonly in Use in the publick Hospitals, are the

  • Aqua Lactis Alex.
  • — Cerasor. Nigr.
  • — Cinnam. sort.
  • — Hord.
  • — Menthae.
  • — Pulegii.
  • — Rutae.
  • — Epidemiae.
  • — Bryoniae Comp.
  • — Stephani.
  • — Theriacalis.

[Page 6]And all made exactly as directed by the London Dispensatory, and used for the same Purposes.

Aqua Antiphthisica.

  • ℞ Fol. Symphit. Maj.
  • Polygonat.
  • Plantag.
  • Pimpinel. ā M. iv.
  • Rad. Liquorit. ℥ij.
  • Infundantur frigide ⅌ 2 Dies in Aq. Calcis Cong. ij.

A Water against Consumptions.

Take Leaves of Comfrey the Greater, Solomon's Seal, Plantane, and Pimpinel, each 4 Hands full, Liquorice-Root 2 Ounces; in­fuse them cold for 12 Days in 2 Gallons of Lime-water.

This is very easily made, and is much better than if it were to be distilled. It is of excellent Use in such Consumptions as proceed from a sharp thin Blood; especially in those who have been injured by a Vene­real Taint, or have any Hereditary Re­mains of scrophulous or leprous Humours. It is ordered to be drank for some time to­gether, the Quantity of a Quart or two in a Day. It is also directed to wash foul Ul­cers, and does good Service in such Cases.

Aqua Liberans.

  • ℞ Rassur. Lig. Sassafr. sine Cortice ℥ij.
  • Lig. Guiac. cum Cortice ℥j.
  • Rad. Glycyrrh. ℥iij.
  • Sem. Coriand. cont. ʒvj.
  • Infund. frigidè in Aq. Calcis. Cong. j. ⅌ 2 aut 3 Dies.

Take of the Shavings of Sassafras without the Bark 2 Ounces, of Guiacum with the Bark 1 Ounce, Liquorice-Root 3 Ounces, Coriander-Seeds bruised 6 Drams; infuse them cold in one Gallon of Lime-water for 2 or 3 Days.

This is yet more drying than the former, and is therefore good in all Cases that re­quire Absorbents and Sweetners; especially in all Venereal Affections, after Salivation. It will assist much likewise in the Itch, and all Foulnesses which lodge upon the Skin. It may be drank at Discretion, and ought to be used for some time together.

Aqua Limacum. D. M.

  • ℞ Limac. Hortens. depur. & contus. Cong. vj.
  • Lumbric. depur. & contus. Cong. iij.
  • Fol. Absynth. vulg.
  • Heder. ter.
  • Card. Ben. ā lbiss.
  • Pulegii,
  • Bac. Juniper,
  • Sem. Faenic. dul.
  • Anisi ā lbss.
  • Caryoph.
  • Cubeb. contus. ā ℥iij.
  • Sp. Vini, &
  • Aq. Fontan. ā Cong. viij.

Macer. ⅌ Hor. 24. & distill. in Alembico.

Dr. M—'s Snail-Water.

Take Garden-Snails cleansed and bruised 6 Gallons, Earth-worms washed and bruised 3 Gallons, of common Wormwood, Ground-Ivy, and Carduus, each one Pound and half, Penniroyal, Juniper-Berries, Fennel-seeds, Aniseeds, each half a Pound, Cloves and Cubebs bruised, each 3 Ounces, Spirit of Wine, and Spring-water, of each 8 Gallons; digest them together for the Space of 24 Hours, and then draw it off in a common Alembick.

[Page 9]This is admirably well contrived both for Cheapness and Efficacy; and for Persons whose Circumstances and Manner of living have not habituated them to any Delicacies, it is as good a Snail-water as can be made; and with the two former, are the chief that are used in the Hospitals. And as they are mostly given in Consumptions contracted from vicious Practices, and Venereal Conta­gions, this is the constant Drink of those who are under the like Weaknesses and De­cays from a malum stamen, and require prin­cipally Nourishment from such Substances, as will, with the least Trouble possible, be assimulated for that purpose.

Aqua ad Strumas. D. M.

  • ℞ Rad. Oxylapath. lbss.
  • Rhabarb. Monach. ℥iv.
  • Agaric. ℥ij.
  • Liquorit.
  • Sem. Fanicul. dul.
  • Coriand. ā ℥ss.
  • Coq. in Aq. fontan. q. s. colat. adde Antimon. Diaph. illoti ℥ij.

D. M—'s Water for the Evil.

Take sharp-pointed Dock-Roots half a Pound, Monks Rhubarb 4 Ounces, Agaric [Page 10] 2 Ounces, Liquorice, Sweet-Fennel, and Coriander-seeds, each half an Ounce; boil in a sufficient Quantity of Spring Water, and to the strained Liquor add 2 Ounces of Diaphoretic Antimony.

This is much used in schrophulous Cases, as a Diet-Drink, and has been found of good Service; but at the first, sometimes, the Diaphoretic Antimony being unwashed, it proves Emetick, tho' without any Inconve­niency upon that account; the Points of the Medicine being left gross enough to velicate and draw the Stomach into such Contractions. This also avails considerably in Venereal and Leprous Impurities. Its Operation is principally expected from its encreasing of natural Perspiration, and gen­tly scouring all the secretory Passages.

Aqua Theriacalis.

  • ℞ Suc. Putam Virid. Nucum Jugland. lbxij.
  • Suc. Rutae lbix.
  • Cardui Ben.
  • Calend.
  • Meliss. ā lbvj.
  • Rad. recent. Petasitidis lbivss.
  • Bardan. lbiij.
  • Angel.
  • Imperat. ā lbjss.
  • Scordii Mxij.
  • [Page 11] Theriac. Londinens. lbjss.
  • Philon. Rom. lbj.
  • Spirit. Vin. com. lbxxx. ℥vj.

Misc. & distill. S. A.

Treacle Water.

Take of the Juice of green Walnuts 12 Pound, of Rue 9 Pound, of Carduus, Ma­rigolds, and Balm, each 6 Pound, of Butter-Bur-Root fresh gathered, 4 Pound and half, Bur-dock 3 Pound, Angelico and Master-wort each one Pound and half, of Scordium 12 Hands-full, London-Treacle one Pound and half, Philon, Persic. one Pound, Spirit of Wine 30 Pints and 6 Ounces; mix and distill according to Art.

This is a very good Water, and warmer than the College Treacle-water. It is given as a Cordial in any Fainting or Gripes, espe­cially in those which frequently happen in raising a Salivation.

In the Lock they generally salivate by Unction, and it has been observed, that the Lues, and many Cases which would not give way to a Salivation raised by inward means, have been overcome by this; tho' many are of Opinion, that the external Method is most dangerous.

Alcohol Chalybis. D. M.

  • ℞ Limatur. Chalybis puriss. ℥iij.
  • Sachar. Cand. rub. ℥ij.

Terentur simùl in Alcohol.

Dr. M—'s Powder of Steel.

Take of the finest Steel 3 Ounces, red Sugar-candy 2 Ounces; let them be redu­ced together into a fine Powder.

This is a very plain, easy, and most na­tural Preparation of Steel, and is render'd fit thereby to be taken either in Substance, or to communicate its Virtues to any Liquor by Infusion. It comes nearest to the com­mon Preparation of Steel with Tartar; and has the same Qualities of a Deobstruent. Its usual Dose is from ℈i, to ʒss, in a Chlo­rosis, and all menstrual Obstructions. It is likewise a good Medicine in all Hypochon­driacal Affections; but as the Cure of such Patients consists generally more in their way of living, than in Medicine, an Hospital cares not for the Admission of such Inva­lids.

Balsam. Lucatelli.

  • ℞ Ol. Olivar. opt.
  • Terebinth. Ven. ā lbiv.
  • Cerae flavae tenuitèr incisae lbijss.
  • Liquescant simùl addendo sang. Draconis subti­liss. pulv. ℥ij. misc. ut f. Balsamum rubi­cundissimum.

Lucatellus's Balsam.

Take of fine Oyl of Olives and Venice-Turpentine each 4 Pound, yellow Wax cut thin 2 Pound and half; melt them together, and add Dragons-blood in fine Powder 2 Ounces, and mix it into a red Balsam.

This is much better than that of the Col­lege Dispensatory, tho' much cheaper and easier made. The Dragons-blood gives a much better Colour than the Saunders, which is in the other; and if either have any Virtues suitable to the whole, this bids the fairest; and will also much better mix therewith, because it in a manner dissolves in the Oyl. It is used both inwardly, in all Suspicions of internal Ulcerations, and externally as a Digestive.

Balsam. Sulphur. Terebinth. is much used in St. Thomas's Hospital, as it is directed to be made in Bate's Dispensatory, both inter­nally, [Page 14] and in Dressings for the same purpose, as it is directed by the common Practice.

Balsam. Viride.

  • ℞ Ol. Lin. lbiv.
  • Aeris Virid. purific. & pulver. lbj.
  • Bulliant simul ad dissolutionem Aerugin. & f.
  • Bals. viride.

The Green Balsam.

Take Linseed Oyl 4 Pound, of the finest Verdigrease powder'd 1 Pound; boil them together till the Verdigrease is dissolved, and it will incorporate together into a green Balsam.

This is of great use in all contused and lacerated Wounds, and likewise in Gun­shot Wounds, there is nothing that ex­ceeds it.

Bolus Alexiter.

  • ℞ Theriac. Androm.
  • Pulv. Alexit. ā ℈j.
  • Syr. Caryoph. q. s. ut f. Bol.

An Alexiterial Bole.

Take Venice-Treacle, and of the Alexi­terial Powder, each one Scruple, Syrup of Cloves a sufficient Quantity to make into a Bole.

This is frequently directed to be taken, in order to compose and breath a Person after Amputation, or any other Operation which is attended with extreme Pain, and threatens a Fever; and is repeated as often as occasion requires: drinking after it pro­per Juleps.

Bolus cum Calomel.

  • ℞ Calomel. opt. levigat.
  • Cons. Ros. rub. ā ℈j.

Misc. f. Bolus.

A Bole with Calomel.

Take Calomel well levigated one Scruple, Conserve of Roses half a Scuple; mix into a Bole.

This is the common Bole for Salivation, and is repeated as the Symptoms require. It is also given frequently over Night, to be carry'd off by the common Catharticks the [Page 16] next Morning, in any Cases that require brisk Purging.

Bolus Emeticus.

  • ℞ Antimonii resuscitat. Batean. Gr. vij.
  • Cons. Ros. rub. q. s. f. Bol.

An Emetick Bole.

Take of revived Antimony, according to Bate, 7 Grains, Conserve of red Roses a sufficient Quantity to make it into a Bole.

In very gross and robust Constitutions this is given preparatory to any Course of Alteratives; for sometimes it will work with great Violence, insomuch as to render it unsafe to infirm and weakly Persons.

Bolus Emeticus Mercurialis.

  • ℞ Turpeth. Min. opt. levig. Gr. vij.
  • Cons. Ros. rub. q. s. f. Bol.

An Emetick Mercurial Bole.

Take of Turbith Mineral well levigated, 7 Grains, Conserve of red Roses a sufficient Quantity to make into a Bole.

[Page 17]This is as rough as the former, but is ge­nerally made choice of in Venereal and Le­prous Cases, preparatory to Salivation; and is likewise sometimes directed where no such Course is intended, particularly in foul Ul­cers of long standing; the cleansing and lasting Cure of which its Operation does much forward: But this is too churlish to be given but to athletick Constitutions.

Bolus Hydropicus.

  • ℞ Gambog. pulv. Gr. xv.
  • Cremor. Tartari ℈ss.
  • Syr. e Spin. C. q. s. f. Bolus.

An Hydropick Bole.

Take Gamboge 15 Grains, Cream of Tar­tar half a Scruple, Syrup of Buckthorn a sufficient Quantity to make them into a Bole.

In a Dropsie, or a flaccid moist Habit tending thereunto, this is a very common Purge, and a very good one. The Gamboge it self is indeed very rough, and works sometimes with great Nauseousness, Vomit­ing and Griping; but the Tartar much cor­rects it, by dividing its viscid Parts, and making them less sensibly velicate the Coats of the Stomach and Bowels, as all resinous [Page 18] Purges are apt to do. It has sometimes also mixed with it a Drop or two of Oyl of Aniseed, or any other of the carminitive Oyls, to render it less griping. This tho­roughly purges off watry and viscous Hu­mours, and greatly promotes the Discharge by Urine. But to render the Cure of a Dropsie lasting, there is a Necessity after­wards of restoring and strengthning the Tone of the Parts by proper Medicines for such purposes; else they will soon fill again with as much Water as this has carry'd away.

Bolus Mercurialis Purgat.

  • ℞ Elect. Lenitiv. lbss.
  • Pulv. Rad. Jallapi ℥jss.
  • Scammon. ʒvj.
  • Calomel ℥ss.
  • Syr. Ros. solutiv. q. s. ad Boli consistentiam.
  • Dos. ʒiij. mane.

A Purging Mercurial Bole.

Take of Lenitive Electuary half a Pound, Jallap Root powdered one Ounce and half, Scammony 6 Drams, Calomel half an Ounce, the solutive Syrup of Roses a sufficient Quan­tity to make them into the Consistence of a Bole. The Dose is 3 Drams in a Morning.

[Page 19]This is a sure Purge, and will not fail working in the strongest Constitutions. It is advisable in all Cases whatsoever, as want such Evacuation. It must be made pretty stiff, else the Calomel will be apt to fall by its great weight, whereby it will be une­qually mixed; and in hot Weather also it will be apt to fret and spoil, if made up too thin.

Bolus ad Diarrhaeam.

  • ℞ Rhabarb. opt. pulv. ʒss.
  • Confect. Fracastorii sine Melle, q. s. ut f.
  • Bolus.

A Bole against a Looseness.

Take Powder of the finest Rhubarb half a Dram, Diascordium without Honey, a sufficient Quantity to make it into a Bole.

This is to be given in any Fluxes of the Belly that require to be stopped, as often as the Urgency of the Symptoms indicate; but it is generally directed only at Night going to Bed; for the Opiate confines the Rhu­barb from immediate Operation, and what Effect that has, is only just to cleanse off so much Choler, or irritating Humours, as it finds already separated by the Intestinal Glands; and it then so astringes them, as to [Page 20] prevent any further Flux of that kind upon them. This Bolus is also frequently given to compose and resettle the Bowels, after the Operation of such strong Catharticks, as cannot well be born without such a Resto­rative.

Bolus Mercurialis cum Gambog.

  • ℞ Elect. Lenitiv. lbj.
  • Calomelan.
  • Gambog. pul. ā ℥ij. ʒj.
  • Syr. e Spin. C. q. s. ad Boli consistentiam;
  • Addendo Ol. Anis. ʒjss. Dosis ʒj.

A Mercurial Bole with Gamboge.

Take Lenitive Electuary 1 Pound, Calo­mel and Gamboge in fine Powder each 2 Ounces and 1 Dram, Syrup of Buckthorn a sufficient Quantity to make them into the Consistence of a Bole; to which add Oyl of Aniseeds 1 Dram and half. The Dose is 2 Drams.

This is stronger than the foregoing with the Jallap; and is directed accordingly where the most powerful Catharticks are required, and can be born without Inconveniency.

Bolus Diureticus. D. M.

  • ℞ Scillae ℥j.
  • Hellenii pulv. ℥ss.
  • Ol. Anis. Chym. ʒss.
  • Dosis ʒj. bis in die.

Dr. M—'s Diuretick Bole.

Take Squills 1 Ounce, Powder of Eli­campane half an Ounce, Oyl of Aniseed half a Dram. The Dose is one Dram twice in a Day.

In Asthmatick and Dropsical Habits, this is an admirable Medicine; for it greatly scours away those Viscidities which stuff the Vessels, and hinder due Circulation, and detaches them off by the Kidnies. But its Use is to be comply'd with for some time to­gether; and if so continued, the most obsti­nate Obstructions of the small Vessels, that cause both Dropsies and Asthma's, will give way to its Efficacy.

Cataplasma pro Buhone Pestilen. & Car­bunculo.

  • ℞ Coepar. Maj.
  • Allii, ā ℥iij.
  • Pulv. Cantharid. ʒj.
  • Sem. Senapios pulv.
  • Theriac. Lond.
  • Mithrid.
  • Fimi Columbini, ā ʒj.
  • Ol. Scorpionum q. s. ut f. Cataplasma de­bit. consistent.

A Cataplasm for Bubo's or Carbuncles.

Take of the larger Onions, and of Gar­lick, each 3 Ounces, Powder of Spanish Flies 1 Dram, Mustard-seed powder'd, London Treacle, Mithridate, and Pigeons-Dung, each 1 Ounce, Oyl of Scorpions a sufficient Quantity to make into a Poultus.

The Cases this is intended for, happen not frequently in the Hospitals: But when any Humours are critically discharged in malignant Fevers, which are sometimes at­tended with very surprizing Symptoms, this is a good Medicine both to help on their Discharge, and defend the Part against Mortifications and Gangrenes, which fre­quently happen in such Cases. In confirm'd [Page 23] Dropsies likewise, where the lower Parts have received more Water than can be car­ried off by the common Evacuations, and the Legs are forced to be scarify'd, this is of good Service both to prevent Mortifica­tion, and forward the Drain of such Hu­mours; insomuch that the Tone of a Part is sometimes retrieved by this means, which would otherwise from a partial Mortifica­tion, induce a total one.

Cataplasma Ischiad. D. W.

  • ℞ Sem. Sinap. lbss.
  • Pip. alb.
  • Rad. ZZ. ā ʒj.
  • Misc. f. pulvis, Vase vitreo optime clauso ser­vat. qui tempore usus form. in consistentiam Cataplasm. cum Oxymel. simpl. q. s.

Dr. W—'s Cataplasm for the Hip-Gout.

Take Mustard-seed powder'd half a Pound, white Pepper, and Ginger, each 1 Ounce; mix together in a fine Powder, and keep in a Glass close stopped, and just at the time of using, make into a Poultus, with a suffi­cient Quantity of Oxymel of Squils.

This is a very warm Application, and will therefore sometimes help to break away those Humours which fix upon the Joints, [Page 24] occasioning there intolerable Pains, and which will not give way to any other means. It is to be applyed as often as the Symptoms and Urgency of Pain require, and the Part can bear; for it is so hot as frequently to vesicate the Skin; but it then generally has the best Effect, the Pain most commonly abating upon drawing out by Perspiration such Humours as will raise a Dew upon the Skin, and sometimes lift it up into little Blisters; but in such Cases all the Harm is the Trouble.

Cataplasma pro Inflammatione.

  • ℞ Farinae avenac. lbss.
  • Herb. urtic. Miv.
  • Cerae flavae, lbjss.

Misce super ignem.

A Cataplasm for an Inflammation.

Take of Oatmeal half a Pound, of Net­tles 4 Handsful, yellow Wax one Pound and half; mix them together over the Fire.

This is directed for erysipelous Tumors, and ordinary Inflammations; but is not fre­quently call'd for.

Cerevisia Hydropica. D. W.

  • ℞ Summit. Genist.
  • Sem. Sinap. ā lbj.
  • Rad. Irrid. nostr.
  • Lapath. acut. ā ℥xij.
  • Cort. Winteran.
  • Sambuci.
  • Sem. Dauci sylv.
  • Baccar. Juniperi, ā lbjss.
  • Mist. f. sacculus ⅌ Cong. xij. Cerevisiae fort. non lupulat. Dos. lbss. bis vel ter in die.

Dr. W—'s Dyet-drink for a Dropsie.

Take of Broom-tops, and Mustard-seed, each 1 Pound, of the Roots of English Or­rice, and sharp-pointed Dock, each 12 Ounces, Winter's Bark, Elder-Bark, Seeds of wild Carrot, and Juniper-berries, each 1 Pound and half; put them all together into a Bag, to be steep'd in 12 Gallons of un­hopp'd Ale, while it works; half a Pint to be drank 2 or 3 times in a Day.

This is of good use to absorb and dry up the remaining Moistures and watry Humours, which the ordinary Catharticks leave be­hind; and will make the Cure lasting, which otherwise would be but short. In all scorbu­tick Habits likewise, especially where the [Page 26] Extreams tend towards too great a Fulness and Corpulency, this is of real Service, if the Patients are kept to it for some time to­gether. In all Tendencies likewise towards a Palsy it does much good both by drying away watery and sloughy Humours, which destroy due Sensation, and giving Warmth and Briskness to the Juices.

Confectio Fracastorii.

  • Vt. in Pharmacopoeiâ Londinensi; sed in loco
  • Mellis praeparand. cùm Syr. è Meconio.

Fracastorius's Confection.

This is the same as the common Diascor­dium of the College; only instead of Honey is made use of Syrup of Diacodium in its room.

This is given about a Dram in a Dose in ordinary Fluxes of the Belly, and as an Opi­ate to compose the Bowels after strong Purg­ing; or wheresoever Opiates are requisite, and nothing forbids astringing at the same time.

Decoctum Album.

  • ℞ C.C.C. albiss. lbss.
  • Gum. Arabic. ℥ij.
  • f. Pul. subtilis. cui affunde
  • Aquae bullient, Cong. j.
  • Tum adde
  • Aquae Cinnam. fort. lbss.
  • Et addend.
  • Rad. Tormentil. ℥iv.
  • Cort. Granator. ℥ij.
  • Inter Coquend. tunc dicitur, Dec. Astrin­gens.

The White Drink.

Take of the whitest burnt Hartshorn half a Pound, of Gum Arabic 2 Ounces; reduce them into a Powder, and pour upon them 1 Gallon of boiling Water; to which add strong Cinnamon-Water half a Pint; and if further be added of Tormentil Roots 4 Ounces, and 2 Ounces of Pomegranate-Bark, in the boiling, it is then called, The Restrin­gent Decoction.

This is constantly made in large Quanti­ties, and given as a common Drink in all kinds of Fluxes. It is likewise the common Drink for Persons under Salivation, especi­ally while the Spitting is raising, and in Fe­vers, [Page 28] Small-pox, or Measles, where a Loose­ness is to be guarded against.

Decoct. Hydropicum.

  • ℞ Infusion. Paralytic.
  • Decoct. Scorbut. ā lbj.


The Hydropick Diet-Drink.

Take of the Paralytick Infusion, and of the Scorbutick Decoction, each 1 Pint, and mix for use.

The Virtue and Use of this may be known by its Title; but best by the respective In­gredients, to be met with in their proper Places. The Dose 10 Ounces, twice a Day.

Decoctum Ictericum. D. M.

  • ℞ Rad. Curcumae.
  • Rub. Tinctor. ā ℥j.
  • Fol. Chelid. cum floribus;
  • Hyperic. ā Mj.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad lbij. Colat. adde Syr. e 5 radicibus ℥ij. Misc. Dosis lbss. bis in die.

Dr. M—'s Decoction for the Jaundice.

Take of Turmerick Root, and of Mad­der Root each 1 Ounce, Leaves of Celan­dine with the Flowers, St. John's-wort, each 1 Handful; boil them in Spring-water a sufficient Quantity to 2 Pints: To the strained Liquor add Syrup of the 5 opening Roots 2 Ounces, and mix for use. The Dose is half a Pint twice in a Day.

This is directed to all in the Jaundice, or in any Scorbutick Habit of Body, either ten­ding that way, or to Dropsies.

Decoctum Carminativum.

  • ℞ Fol. Mercurialis;
  • Parietariae;
  • Meliloti, ā Mj.
  • Sem. Lini;
  • Anisi, contus. ā ℥j.
  • Flor. Chamaem. Mj.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad ℥xij. col. ad usum.

The Carminative Decoction.

Take of Mercury Leaves, Pellitory of the Wall, and Melilot, each 1 Handful, Lin­seed and Aniseed bruised each 1 Ounce; [Page 30] Chamomile-Flowers 1 Handful; boil in a sufficient Quantity of Spring-water to 12 Ounces, and strain out the Liquor for use.

This is the common Clyster-Decoction, and is used on no other Account.

Decoctum Scorbuticum.

  • ℞ Fol. Absynth. Vulg.
  • Rom. ā Mj.
  • Agrimon.
  • Cardui Ben.
  • Sumit. Centaur. Min. ā Mij.
  • Rad. Gentian. incis. ℥j.
  • Raphani rustic. ℥ij.
  • Coq. in aq. font. q. s. ad lbvj. Colat. ⅌ usu ad. flor. Cham. Mj.

The Scorbutick Decoction.

Take of Common and Roman Worm­wood each 1 Handful, Agrimony, Carduus, and the Tops of Centaury the lesser, of each 2 Handsful, of Gentian Root sliced 1 Ounce, Horse-radish 2 Ounces; boil them in a suf­ficient Quantity of Spring-water to 6 Pints, and in the strained Liquor infuse 1 Handful of Chamomel-flowers for use.

This is one of the Ingredients of the De­coctum Hydropicum above; and comes into [Page 31] use after the Load of Humours has been forced off by Purges, and the more power­ful Diureticks; because it confirms the Tone of the Fibres, and prevents a Relapse. It also gives such Strength to the Stomach, as to procure a good Appetite, and help Digestion; whereby so many crude Hu­mours are not supply'd to the Blood, as fill the small Glands, and produce the most re­markable Symptoms of the Scurvy.

Decoctum Dieteticum.
  • ℞ Lig. Guajac.
  • Scobis ejusdem, ā lbj.
  • Rad. Liquorit. ℥xij.
  • Sem. Coriandri, ℥ij.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. Cong. vj. ad Cong. iv. colat. addendo Rad. Mezarei ℥j.

The Dietetick Decoction.

Take of Guajacum-wood, and Bark, each 1 Pound, Liquorice-root 12 Ounces, Cori­ander-seed bruised 2 Ounces; boil them in 6 Gallons of Spring-water to 4 Gallons; to the strained Liquor add Mezereon-Root 1 Ounce.

This is used as a common pectoral Drink, and as an ordinary Sweetener in any Course of Alteratives.

Decoctum Traumaticum.
  • ℞ Fol. Heder. ter.
  • Scabios.
  • Tussilag. ā Mij.
  • Hyssopi Mj.
  • Rad. Enulae ℥j.
  • Liquorit. ℥iv.
  • Fol. Agrimoniae Mj.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad. colat. Cong. j. Dosis ℥iv. ad libirum.

The Traumatick Decoction.

Take of Ground Ivy, Scabious, and Colts-foot, each 2 Handsful, Hyssop 1 Handful, Elicampane-root 1 Ounce, Liquorice 4 Oun­ces, Agrimony 4 Handsful; boil them to­gether in a sufficient Quantity of common Water to 1 Gallon. The Dose is 4 Ounces at Discretion.

This is more pectoral than the former, and is directed in all Distempers and Decays of the Lungs, or any of the Viscera, and used as a common Drink.

Decoctum Senae. D. W.
  • ℞ Senae Alex. ℥ij.
  • Rad. Glycyrrhizae ℥j.
  • Cassia fract. ℥iij.
  • Crem. Tar. ʒj.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad lbij. Dosis ℥iij. vel ℥iv. cum Syr. de Spin. Cer. q. v.

Dr. W—'s Decoction of Sena.

Take of Alexandrian Sena 2 Ounces, Li­quorice-root 1 Ounce, Cassia broken 3 Oun­ces, Cream of Tartar 1 Dram; boil in a sufficient Quantity of Spring-water to 2 Pints: The Dose is 3 or 4 Ounces, with a sufficient Quantity of Syrup of Buckthorn.

This is the ordinary Purge for tender Pa­tients, because it works very mildly, if there be not too much of the Syrup of Buck­thorn put to a Dose. Two or three Drams is generally the Quantity made use of.

Decoctum Amarum.— Pectorale.

The Bitter and — Pectoral Decoction.

[Page 34]Both these are made as directed in the London Dispensatory, and are used in the same manner, as ordered in the common Practice.

Electuarium Astringens. D. M.

  • ℞ Cons. Rosar. rub. lbj.
  • Terrae Japonicae ℥iv.
  • Alum. Plumos.
  • Elixir. Vitrioli ā ℥j.
  • Syr. Cydonior. q. s. f. Elect.

Dr. M—'s Astringent Electuary.

Take of Conserve of red Roses 1 Pound, Japan-Earth 4 Ounces, Earth-flax 1 Ounce, Elixir of Vitriol 1 Ounce, Syrup of Quin­ces a sufficient Quantity to make it into a due Consistence for an Electuary.

This is directed in the most obstinate Fluxes of the Belly; to be taken the Quan­tity of a Nutmeg 2 or 3 times in a Day, or oftener, if there be Occasion.

Electuarium Acidum.

  • ℞ Cons. Lujulae ℥iv.
  • Crem. Tartar. ʒvj.
  • Tart. Vitriol. ʒij.
  • Syr. e Succo Lujulae q. s. ut f. Electuarium.

The Acid Electuary.

Take Conserve of Wood-sorrel 4 Ounces, Cream of Tartar 6 Drams, Vitriolated Tar­tar 2 Drams, Syrup of the Juice of Wood-sorrel a sufficient Quantity to make into an Electuary.

This is given in the Jaundice, and in all Disorders that are suspected to arise from too great a Mixture of Choler, and such like adust Humours. The Quantity of a Nut­meg to be taken 2 or 3 times in a Day. It is also Diuretick, and frequently prescribed in Obstructions of the Urinary Passages, whe­ther they be from Gravel or sloughy Hu­mours.

Elect. Balsamicum.

  • ℞ Bals. Lucatelli lbj.
  • Sachar. rub. Cand. lbss.
  • Syr. Bals. q. s. ut f. Elect.

The Balsamick Electuary.

Take of Lucatellus's Balsam 1 Pound, red Sugar-candy half a Pound, Syrup of Balsam a sufficient Quantity to make into an Ele­ctuary.

[Page 36]This is given in Distempers of the Breast and Lungs, and in all Suspicions of inward Ulcerations; as also upon any accidental Bruises: the Quantity of a Nutmeg 2 or 3 times in a Day, with a Draught of the Trau­matick or Pectoral Decoction after each Dose.

Electuarium Chalybeatum.

  • ℞ Conserv. Absynth. Rom. ℥ij.
  • Zinzib. Cand. ℥ij.
  • Scob. Chalybis lbss.
  • Syr. Chalyb. q. s. ut f. Elect.

The Steel Electuary.

Take of Conserve of Roman Wormwood 1 Pound, of candy'd Ginger 2 Ounces, Pow­der of Steel half a Pound, Syrup of Steel a sufficient Quantity to make into an Ele­ctuary.

This is directed in a Chlorosis, and all menstrual Obstructions: Likewise in all De­cays of Constitution that have been occasi­oned either by acute Distempers, or the Se­verity of Cure from some Chronick Cases. For it greatly warms the Blood, and gives new Life and Vigour to the Juices. Its Quantity is about a Dram, or the bigness of a Nutmeg▪ to be taken 2 or 3 times in a [Page 37] Day. Exercise, as walking about, is as much ordered as is convenient with the Condition and Circumstances of a Patient, in the use of it because it greatly assists its Operation.

Electuarium Scorbuticum.

  • ℞ Cons. Cochlear. hortens.
  • Sambuci, ā ℥iv.
  • Rad. Arisice.
  • Milleped. ⅌⅌. ā ℥j.
  • Cort. Winteran. pulv. ʒij.
  • Syr. Sambuci q. s. ut f. Elect.

A Scorbutick Electuary.

Take of the Conserve of Garden Scurvy-grass, and of Elder, each 4 Ounces, Aron-root in Powder, Millipedes prepared, each 1 Ounce, Powder of Winter's Bark 2 Drams, Syrup of Elder a sufficient Quantity to make into the Consistence of an Electuary.

The Quantity of a Nutmeg is order'd of this 2 or 3 times in a Day; and it is given in all Cases attended with a foul Blood, as in the Itch, and such like Distempers.

Electuarium Diasinapios.

  • ℞ Palv. sem. Sinapios ℥iv.
  • Sem. Nesturtiae;
  • Erucae, ā ℥ss.
  • Fol. Majoranae;
  • Menthae, ā ℥jss.
  • Ol. N. M. ʒjss.
  • Syr. Paeoniae simpl. q. s. ut f. Electuarium. Dosis ʒj. bis in die.

The Mustard Electuary.

Take of Mustard-seed powder'd 4 Ounces, of Water-cresses, and Rochet, each half an Ounce, Leaves of Marjoram, and Mint, each 1 Ounce and half, Oil of Nutmegs 1 Dram and half, Syrup of Pionies simple a sufficient Quantity to make into an Electuary: The Dose 1 Dram twice in a Day.

This is given in all paralytick Cases, Numbness, and those nervous Decays which are common to Old Age, and such as have had any Shocks of an Apoplexy. It greatly warms the Blood, and gives new Spirits to the almost dryed Fibres.

Electuarium Febrifugum.

  • ℞ Cortic. Peruvian. pulv. lbj.
  • Rad. Serpent. Virg. ℥j.
  • Syr. Garioph. q. s. ut f. Elect.

The Febrifuge Electuary.

Take of the Peruvian Bark finely powder'd 1 Pound, Snake-root 1 Ounce, Syrup of Cloves a sufficient Quantity to make into an Electuary.

This is given in the Intervals of an inter­mitting Fever, and in all Agues, which it infallibly cures; but they will frequently return, unless this be repeated for 2 or 3 Days, about 10 Days after the first Cure. But great Care is necessary, that it be not given till the Fit is clear off, otherwise it will grievously aggravate the Distemper. It is to be given seldomer or oftner, according to the Length of the Intervals; so that 4 or 5 Doses may be taken in that Space, in the Quantity of a Chestnut each Dose.

Electuarium Haemorrhoidale Laxativum.

  • ℞ Elect. Lenitiv. ℥jss.
  • Flor. Sulphur. ℥iij.
  • Syr. Violar. q. s. ut f. Elect.

A Laxative Electuary for the Piles.

Take of Lenitive Electuary 1 Ounce and half, Flowers of Brimstone 3 Drams, Syrup of Violets a sufficient Quantity to make into an Electuary.

The Quantity of a Nutmeg is to be taken of this every Morning and Night, and it will keep the Belly moderately lax, and greatly ease the Piles. All the Sulphur Me­dicines are of Service in this Complaint; whether by altering the Quality of the Blood, or by influencing the Secretion, so as to remit its Quantity, is of too great a length here to be enquired into.

Electuarium Carminativum.

  • ℞ Pulv. Sem. Angel.
  • —Carui;
  • Petrosel. ā ʒij.
  • Syr. Caryoph. q. s. ut f. Elect.

A Carminitive Electuary.

Take of the Powder of Angelico-seeds, Caruway-seeds, and Parsley-seeds, each 2 Drams, Syrup of Cloves a sufficient Quan­tity to make into an Electuary.

[Page 41]This is directed to be taken at Discretion, about the Quantity of a Nutmeg, for such who are much liable to Wind in the Bowels or Stomach.

Electuarium Nephriticum.

  • ℞ Elect. Lenitiv. lbj.
  • Terebinth. Ven. ℥iv.
  • Crem. Tartari ℥j.

Misce f. Elect. Dosis ʒj. bis de die.

A Nephritick Electuary.

Take of Electuary Lenitive 1 Pound, Ve­nice-Turpentine 4 Ounces, Cream of Tar­tar 1 Ounce; mix them into an Electuary. The Dose 1 Dram twice in a Day.

This gently opens by Stool; but is very forcing by Urine, and is therefore directed in all Obstructions and Foulnesses of the Kid­neys and Ureters; and even in Gonor­rhoea's it is an excellent Remedy, and prin­cipally used in the Hospitals for such Pur­poses.

Electuarium Terebinthinatum.

  • ℞ Pulv. Rad. Jallap. ℥iv.
  • Scammonii;
  • Liquorit. ā ℥ij.
  • Rez. Jallap. ℥ss.
  • Sal. Tartar.
  • Ol. Anisi, ā ʒij.
  • Terebinth. Venet. q. s. ut f. Elect. Dosis ʒj. omni mane.

The Turpentine Electuary.

Take Powder of the Root of Jallap 4 Oun­ces, Scammony, and Liquorice, each 2 Oun­ces, Rezin of Jallap half an Ounce, Salt of Tartar 2 Drams, Venice-Turpentine a suffi­cient Quantity to make into an Electuary; The Dose 1 Dram every Morning.

This will purge pretty briskly, and is also sequently directed in a Gonorrhoea, to be taken till the Matter becomes well-colour'd; when it is left off for Things more strength­ning. But it is however good in all Cases whatsoever, as an ordinary Purge.

Enema Anticolicum.

  • ℞ Decoct. Carminativ. ℥x.
  • Mel. Mercurialis ℥iij.
  • Specier. Hierae ʒij.
  • Sal. Mar. Cochl. j.


A Cholick Clyster.

Take of the Carminative Decoction 10 Ounces, Honey of Mercury 3 Ounces, Hiera Picra 2 Drams, Sea Salt 1 Spoonful; mix together for a Clyster.

The Title of this sufficiently shews its Use and Virtues. As also of

Enema Commune.

  • ℞ Decoct. Carminat. ℥x.
  • Mel. Mercurialis ℥ij.
  • Elect. Lenitiv. ℥j.


The Common Clyster.

Take of the Carminative Decoction 10 Ounces, Honey of Mercury 2 Ounces, Leni­tive Electuary 1 Ounce; mix together for a Clyster.

Enema Dysentericum.

  • ℞ Decoct. albi ℥vj.
  • Diascord. ℥ss.
  • Bol. Armen.
  • Theriac. Androm. ā ʒij.


A Clyster for the Bloody-Flux.

Take of the White Decoction 6 Ounces, Diascordium half an Ounce, Bole-Armoni­ack, Venice-Treacle, each 2 Drams; mix together for a Clyster.

This must be well mixed, and carefully administred, else it will not pass the Pipe: And in Fluxes all Clysters ought to be in as little Quantity as they can be conveniently given, because they will stay the easier, and consequently have the greater Effect.

Enema Haemorrhoidale.

  • ℞ Gallor. contus. ℥iij.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad ʒvj. Colat. f. Enema pro usu.

A Clyster for the Piles.

Take Galls bruised 3 Ounces, boil them in a sufficient Quantity of Spring-water to 6 Ounces, and strain out the Liquor for a Clyster.

Enema Lenitivum. D. W.

  • ℞ Decoct. Carminat. ℥xij.
  • Mel. Anglic. ℥ij.
  • Sachar. rub. ℥j.


Dr. W—'s Lenitive Clyster.

Take of the Carminative Decoction 12 Ounces, common Honey 2 Ounces, brown Sugar 1 Ounce; mix together for a Clyster.

Enema Terebinth.

  • ℞ Decoct. Carminat. ℥x.
  • Terebinth. Venet. (in vitello ovi solut.) ℥ss.
  • Elect. Lenit.
  • Mel. commun. ā ℥j.


The Turpentine Clyster.

Take of the Carminative Decoction, 10 Ounces, Venice-Turpentine (dissolved in [Page 46] the Yolk of an Egg) half an Ounce, Electu­ary-Lenitive, and common Honey, each 1 Ounce; mix them together very carefully for a Clyster.

This is generally order'd in such Cholick Pains as proceed from the Stone or Gravel.

Emplastrum Discutiens simpl. D. W.

  • ℞ Ol. Olivar.
  • Trebinth. Venet. ā lbiv.
  • Picis Burgund.
  • Cerae flavae, ā lbij.
  • Misce & coq. ad debitam consistentiam ut Emplast.

Dr. W—'s Discutient Plaster.

Take of Oyl of Olives, and Venice-Tur­pentine, each 4 Pound, Burgundy-Pitch, and Yellow Wax, each 2 Pound; boil them to­gether to a due Consistence for a Plaster.

Emplastrum Laterale.

  • ℞ Empl. ex Galbano croc. voc. Mynsicht. ʒvj.
  • Diachyl. cum Gummi ʒij.
  • E Cymino ʒiij.
  • Misce & colliq. addendo Ol. Pulegii, gut. x. Ol. Lavend. gut. vj.

A Plaster for the Side.

Take of Mynsicht's Galbanum with Saffron 6 Drams, Diachylon with the Gum 2 Drams, Cummin-Plaster 3 Drams; melt them toge­ther, and add 10 Drops of Oyl of Penniroyal, and 6 Drops of Oyl of Lavender.

This is applyed in any Pains and Stitches, and is found of good Service; and also to Children, that have inward Convulsions.

Emplast. Mercuriale. D. W.
  • ℞ Empl. Discutient. simpl. lbiv.
  • Liquat. adde Hydrar. Tereb. Venet. q. s. bene commixt. ℥xij. Misce ut f. Empl.

Dr. W—'s Mercurial Plaster.

Take of the above simple Discutient Pla­ster 4 Pounds, melt it, and add thereunto 12 Ounces of Quicksilver, that has been well incorporated, with a sufficient Quantity of Turpentine.

Those are both good to discuss hard Tu­mours; but the latter with Quicksilver is much the most efficacious in those which are obstinate, and frequently arise from ve­nereal and scrophulous Causes. Great Care [Page 48] in making is to be used, to incorporate the Quicksilver well with Turpentine, else it will not be so mixed, but that in spreading the Plaster for use, it will separate and run into Globules. If this be carefully made, it is preferable to the Frog-Plaster with Quick­silver in the London Dispensatory, altho' that is vastly more troublesome to make, being stuffed with many Ingredients, that are of no real Service, but only to perplex the Com­pounder, and amuse the Expectations of the Ignorant.

Emplastrum Epispasticum. D. W.

℞ Empl. Discutien. simpl. vel Adhaesiv. Ba­tean. q. s. extende crassius super alutam, superficiem obtegendo pulvere subtilissimo Cantharidum q. s.

Dr. W—'s Blister-Plaster.

Take of the simple discutient Plaster above-mentioned, or of the sticking Plaster in Bate's, a sufficient Quantity to spread thick upon Leather, over which sprinkle of the fine Powder of Cantharides as much as will stick.

This is an easy way, and now much used in the common Practice, as well as in the Hospitals. And it is much more certain, [Page 49] than the common Plasters into which the Flies are mixed, for it cannot fail of its In­tention; but some are apprehensive that by this means the Flies get more into the Blood, and are more liable to create Stranguries, and such Inconveniencies as make their in­ward Use so dangerous. But whether there be any thing in this or not, there is not Room here to consider. However, those who chuse this way are obliged to leave the Edges of the Plaster uncovered with the Flies, or to stick Strops on it cross-ways, spread with somewhat sticking, else it will not keep upon the Part to which it is applyed.

Emplast. Lumbare. D. W.

℞ Empl. Diachylon. simpl. vel de Minio lbss.

Liquat. adde Thuris opt. ℥ij. Bol. Armen. ℥iij.


Dr. W—'s Plaster for the Back.

Take Diachylon simple, or de Minio, half a Pound; to which, when melted, add of the best Frankinsence 2 Ounces, and of Bole-Armoniack 3 Ounces.

This is spread upon Leather pretty thick, and apply'd to the Small of the Back, to be [Page 50] continued as long as it will stick, for many Weaknesses of the Kidneys; in which case it frequently does good Service: But it is more particularly useful in that Disorder which, amongst the Females, is called the Whites. But to some it occasions such into­lerable Itching, as to make it difficult to keep it on.

Gargarisma Apoplecticum. D. W.

  • ℞ Rad. Pyrethri;
  • ZZ. incis. ā ℥ss.
  • Piper. alb. contus. ʒij.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. q. s. ad lbss. coctione fini­tâ, calid. affunde
  • Sem. Sinapios ʒiij.
  • Colat. adde Aceti acerimi ℥iij.

Mis. f. Gargarisma, quo colueret fauces sipho­nis auxilio.

Dr. W—'s Apolectick Gargle.

Take Pellitory Root, and Ginger sliced, each half an Ounce, white Pepper 2 Drams, boil in a sufficient Quantity of Water to half a Pint, which pour out upon 3 Drams of bruised Mustard-seed: when it is strained, put to it 3 Ounces of sharp Vinegar for a Gargle to syringe the Mouth with.

Gargarisma Commune. D. W.
  • [Page 51]℞ Aq. Hord. lbj.
  • Alum. ust. ʒij.
  • Mel. Angl. ℥iij.


Dr. W—'s Common Gargle.

Take Barley-water 1 Pint, Burnt-Alum 2 Drams, Honey 3 Ounces; mix them toge­ther for use.

Gargarisma Emolliens.

  • ℞ Decoct. Pectorale lbj.
  • Sp. Sal. Armoniac. ʒij.


The Emollient Gargle.

Take Pectoral Decoction a Pint, Spirit of Sal Armoniac 2 Drams; mix them toge­ther.

There needs no Directions concerning the Use of these.

Haustus Purgans Communis.

  • ℞ Decoct. Senae ℥iv.
  • Aq. Epidem. ʒij.
  • Syr. e Spin. Cerv. ℥j.


The Common Purging Draught.

Take the Decoction of Sena 4 Ounces, Plague-water 2 Drams, Syrup of Buckthorn 1 Ounce; mix into a Draught.

This is a moderate Purge, and commonly directed in ordinary Cases, where Purging is required.

Haustus Stomachic. D. M.

  • ℞ Aq. Cinnam. Hord. ℥j.
  • Succ. Limon. ℥ss.
  • Sal. Absynth. ℈j.

Misce f. Haustus.

Dr. M—'s Stomachick Draught.

Take Barley Cinnamon-water 1 Ounce, Juice of Limons half an Ounce, Salt of Wormwood 1 Scruple; mix for a Draught.

[Page 53]This is given in Vomitings, and is to be repeated after each Vomiting, until it stops; but it is so effectual to this purpose, as sel­dom to require many Repetitions, before it takes place.

Haustus Epilepticus. D. M.

  • ℞ Rad. Valerian. Sylvester Pul. ʒjss.
  • Aq. Pulegii;
  • Cerasor. Nigr. ā ℥jss.
  • Syr. è Peoniae Comp. ʒij.

Misce f. Haustus.

Dr. M—'s Epileptick Draught.

Take Powder of wild Valerian Root one Dram and half, Peniroyal Water, and black Cherry Water, each 1 Ounce and half, Sy­rup of Pionies 2 Drams; mix into a Draught.

This is an extraordinary Medicine for the purpose it is prescribed, tho' it is not much known in common Practice. The Valerian is also very efficacious in all Distempers from a Nervous Origin.

Haustus Emeticus Communis.

℞ Infusionis Croc. Metallor. ℥j.

The Common Vomit is,

An Ounce of the Infusion of Crocus Me­tallorum.

Haustus Emeticus. D. H.

  • ℞ Suce. Herb. Asari ʒvj. vel ℥j.
  • Oxymel. Scillit. ℥ss.
  • Aq. Cardui Ben. ℥ij.

Misce f. Haustus.

Dr. H—le's Emetick Draught.

Take of the Juice of Asarabacca 6 Drams, or an Ounce, Oxymel of Squills half an Ounce, Carduus-water 2 Ounces; mix in­to a Draught.

This is a very strong Emetick, and is much used at Bedlam, amongst the Maniacks, for it will operate, when neither the Crocus, nor any of the common Mercurial Emeticks, will move them. And it has been confirmed by all Experience, that such Patients are much more difficult to be wrought upon, than any others, either by Catharticks or Emeticks; insomuch that they will bear enough at a Dose for 6 or 10 ordinary Per­sons: their Fibres, and all the Parts of the Brain, most particularly administring to Sen­sation, [Page 55] being extremely clogged with viscid Humours, which this Medicine is very pow­erful in draining off; and upon the same Account likewise it is of such good Service as a Sternutatory; for it greatly drains the Head by the powerful Twitches and Velli­cations it gives to the Fibres of the Nose, and Parts adjacent.

Haustus Dysentericus. D. W.
  • ℞ Aq. Cinnam. fort.
  • Menthae, ā ℥j.
  • Pul. Rhab. ℈ss.
  • Syr. e Meconio ℥j.


Dr. W—'s Draught for a Dysentery.

Take strong Cinnamon-water, and Mint-water, each 1 Ounce, Powder of Rhubarb half a Scruple, Syrup of Diacodium 1 Ounce, mix into a Draught.

This both astringes and composes, and at the same time, by the Help of the Rhubarb, helps forward the Ejectment of such Hu­mours, as vellicate the Bowels, tear off their natural Mucus, and lay open the Capillaries in such manner as to let out the Blood to flow at every Stool.

Infusio Millipedum. D. W.

  • ℞ Milleped. vivent. lbiv.
  • Vini albi lbviij.
  • Infund. frigid. ben. claus. pro dies xiv. Do­sis lbss. bis in die.

Dr. W—'s Infusion of Millepedes.

Take 4 Pound of live Millepedes, infuse them cold in 8 Pints of White Wine for 14 Days; then strain for Use.

This is an excellent Diuretick, and a most efficacious Medicine in all Chronick Cases, that are to be relieved by promoting the urinary Discharges, as are many schrophu­lous Disorders, and such as frequently are the Forerunners of scorbutick Dropsies, from a Retention of such Humours as foul the Viscera, and stuff the whole Habit with Water and Viscidities.

Infusio Paralytica. D. M.

  • ℞ Rad. Raphani rust. tenuit. incis.
  • Sem. Sinapios contus. ā ℥iv.
  • Infund. in aq. [...] lbiv. claus. horis xxiv. Dosis lbss. [...] die.

Dr. M—'s Paralytick Infusion.

Take Horse-radish Root sliced thin, and Mustard-seed bruised, each 4 Ounces; in­fuse them in 4 Pints of boiling Water for 24 Hours; then strain for use, and drink half a Pint twice in a Day.

This is not only Diuretick as the former, but is also much warmer; and is therefore not only directed to cleanse away by Urine any thing that lodges upon the Fibres, so as to spoil their Offices, but also to give them due Warmth, which in Paralytick Ca­ses they are destitute of. It ought to be kept close stopped, because it otherwise would, by its Volatility, spoil and grow vapid. In Rheumatisms, this is also frequently given, with great Success; especially if the Limbs swell with great Pains.

Infusio Pleuretica.
  • ℞ Fimi Equini recent. ℥vj.
  • Aq. Pulegii ℥xij.
  • Theriac. ℥iv.
  • Infund. calide. Colat. adde
  • Mithrid. ʒij.
  • Sachar. albis. q. s.

Dosis lbss. bis de die.

The Pleuretick Infusion.

Take fresh Horse-dung 6 Ounces, Peni­royal-water 12 Ounces, Treacle-water 4 Ounces; infuse them warm, and to the strained Liquor add Mithridate 2 Drams, White Sugar a sufficient Quantity to sweeten it; drink half a Pint twice in a Day.

This is a very good Medicine for the pur­pose it is intended for, and will frequently procure Ease, when no other means will take place. If the Dose here mentioned be too noisome, it may be lessened, and repeated the oftener. This is likewise order'd in Distempers of the Breast, that are not a true Pleurifie, wherein it will do great Service, as in a Peripneumony; and in an Asthma, the common pectoral Drinks are not to be com­pared to it.

Julapium Camphoratum.

  • ℞ Camph. ʒij.
  • Incende & saepe extingue in aq. font. lbj. ad to­tius Camphorae consumptionem.

The Camphorated Julep.

Take Camphor 2 Drams, set it on fire, and quench it in a Pint of Water; then light [Page 59] it again and quench it, which repeat till all the Camphor is consumed.

This is order'd in malignant Fevers, and in inflammatory Cases. There are some pe­culiar Hysterical Cases, wherein also it is of good Service: but it is not greatly used.

Julapium Hystericum.

  • ℞ Aq. Rutae;
  • Pulegii, ā ℥viij.
  • Bryoniae comp. ℥iv.
  • Pulv. Troch. de Myrrhâ ʒij.
  • Sachar. albis. ℥jss.

Misce f. Julap.

The Hysterick Julep.

Take Rue-water, Peniroyal-water, of each 8 Ounces, Bryony-water compound 4 Ounces, Troches of Myrrh powder'd 2 Drams, fine Sugar 1 Ounce and half; mix into a Julep.

This is the ordinary Hysterick Julep, gi­ven either as a Diluter of other more effica­cious Medicines in such Cases, or where the Symptoms are not much aggravated, being well shaked before taking; the Quan­tity of 5 or 6 Spoonfuls at a Dose, to be re­peated once in 3 or 4 Hours.

Julapium Cardiacum. D. W.

  • ℞ Aq. Scordii comp. ℥viij.
  • — Theriac.
  • — Epidem. ā ℥ij.
  • Syr. Garyoph. q. s. ut f. Julap.

Dr. W—'s Cordial Julep.

Take compound Scordium-water 8 Oun­ces, Treacle-water, and Plague-water, each 2 Ounces, Syrup of Cloves a sufficient Quan­tity to sweeten it.

This is prescribed in all kinds of Fevers, and is much more efficacious than the Juleps ordinarily prescribed in common Practice: 3 or 4 Spoonfuls may be repeated every 2 or 3 Hours, till some Crisis appears, and the Distemper abates.

Julapium Mithridaticum. D. W.

  • ℞ Aq. Hord. ℥xij.
  • Menthae ℥ij.
  • Epidem. ℥iv.
  • Elect. Mithrid. ʒij.
  • Sachar. alb. ℥jss.

Misc. cap. Coch. iv. sextâ quâque horâ.

Dr. W—'s Julep with Mithridate.

Take Barley-water 12 Ounces, Mint-water 2 Ounces, Plague-water 6 Ounces, Mithridate 2 Drams, White-Sugar 1 Ounce and half; mix into a Julep, to take 4 Spoon­fuls every 6 Hours.

This is also directed to the same purpose as the foregoing; but is not quite so plea­sant to take.

Julapium Febrif.

  • ℞ Aq. Hord. lbiij.
  • Theriac. ℥vj.
  • Syr. e suc. Lim. ℥iv.


A Julep to be taken in a Fever.

Take Barley-water 3 Pints, Treacle-wa­ter 6 Ounces, Syrup of Juice of Limons 4 Ounces; mix into a Julep.

This is directed for the common Diluter, and is order'd to be drank of liberally in all inflammatory Fevers.

Linctus Pectoralis.

  • ℞ Ol. Lini sine igne extract.
  • Syr. Garyophil. ā ℥ij.
  • Sach. alb. ʒj.


A Pectoral Linctus.

Take 2 Ounces of Linseed Oyl drawn without Fire, and Syrup of Cloves, each 2 Ounces, Sugar 1 Dram; incorporate them together in a Marble Mortar.

This is commonly directed in all Distem­pers of the Breast, to promote Expectora­tion, and smooth the Bronchiae, which are too much vellicated by a sharp Serum. It is given a Spoonful at Discretion.

Laudanum Liquidum. D. W.

  • ℞ Carrioph.
  • Cinnam.
  • Macis, ā ℥ss.
  • Sal. Tartari ʒij.
  • Opii Theb. ten. incis. lbss.
  • Vini Canar. lbvj.

Infunde clause ⅌ dies xiv. Dosis gut. xxx.

Dr. W—'s Liquid Laudanum.

Take Cloves, Cinnamon, Mace, each half an Ounce, Salt of Tartar 2 Drams, Opium half a Pound; infuse them all in 6 Pints of Canary for 14 Days; then evaporate the strained Liquor to 4 Pints. The Dose 30 Drops.

Laudanum Opiatum. D. W.

  • ℞ Opii Thebaici ten. incis. lbj.
  • Vini Canarini lbij.
  • Sal. Tartari ʒij.
  • Dissolve & cola, deinde exhala ad consistentiam Mellis; cui adde
  • Piper. long.
  • ZZ. ā ʒij.
  • Sal. Volat. CC. ℥jss.
  • Ol. Anisi;
  • Caryoph.
  • N. M. ā ʒij.

Misce f. Massa. Dosis cujus sit gr. j. ad ij.

Dr. W—'s Solid Laudanum.

Take Opium sliced thin 1 Pound, Canary 2 Pints, Salt of Tartar 2 Drams; dissolve them together, then strain out the Liquor, and evaporate it to the Consistence of Ho­ney; to which add Long Pepper, and Gin­ger, [Page 64] each 2 Drams, Volatile Salt of Harts­horn an Ounce and half, Chymical Oyl of Aniseed, of Cloves, and of Nutmegs, each 2 Drams, and make into a Mass for use; The Dose from 1 Grain to 2 Grains.

These are both extraordinary Medicines, easily made, and much preferable to any under the same Title, that are vastly more troublesome and costly to prepare. Their Use needs no Explanation.

Mixtura Asthmatica.
  • ℞ Oxymel Scillit.
  • Aq. Cinnam. Hord. ā ℥iij.


The Astmatick Mixture.

Take Oxymel of Squills, Barley and Cin­namon-water, each 3 Ounces; mix them together.

This is given to promote Expectoration; and it is also an excellent Diuretick, by which means it operates all possible ways to answer the purposes signified by the Title. It is given a Spoonful at a time, 3 or 4 times in a Day, but particularly in the Morning.

Mixtura Antiemetica. D. W.

  • ℞ Succi Limon. recent. ℥vi.
  • Sal. Absynth. ʒii.


D. W—'s Antiemetick Mixture.

Take fresh Juice of Limons 6 Ounces, Salt of Wormwood 2 Drams, mix them together.

If this is not mixed in a very large Vessel, and great Care taken, the Fermentation will be so violent and sudden, as to throw it over. It is very good for the purposes its Title expresses, and is directed 3 or 4 Spoonfuls at a time, to be repeated after every Vomiting, till it stops.

Mixtura Cardiaca Anodyna.

  • ℞ Aq. Theriac. superscript.
  • Menth. ā lbii.
  • Philon. Persic. ℥j.

Misce Cap. coch. ii. post sing. sed.

The Anodyne Cardiac Mixture.

Take Treacle-water above-prescribed, and Mint-water, each 2 Pints, Philon. Persic. [Page 66] 1 Ounce; mix together, and take 2 Spoon­fuls after every Stool.

This is a standing Mixture at the Lock Hospital, which is given to prevent a Gri­ping, and a Tenesmus, which frequently happen by anointing with Mercurials to raise Salivation. And if Blood likewise ap­pears with the Stools, the following Clyster is ordered.

  • ℞ Brodii Sebac. vel
  • Ol. Lini, lbss.
  • Vitel. Ov. No. ij.
  • Theriac. Lond.
  • Bals. Sulph. Terebinth. ℥ss.
  • Misce f. Enema.

Take very fat Broth, or Linseed-Oyl, half a Pint, the Yolk of 2 Eggs, London-Treacle 3 Drams, Balsam of Sulphur tere­binthinated half an Ounce; mix for a Clyster.

Mel. Mercurial.

Vt in Pharmacopoeia Londinensi.

Opium Purum.

℞ Opii opt. incis. ℥iv.

Coq. in aq. purissimâ q. s. ut Tinct. extrahatur rubicundissima. Hanc e faecibus cola, nova (que) aqua affundatur, & ut antea coq. tamdiu operationem repet. donec faeces Tincturam alterius negant. Tincturas omnes evapora leuta igne ad consistentiam Pilulae.

Purified Opium.

Take of the best Opium 4 Ounces, dis­solve it and boil it in a sufficient Quantity of clear Water, till it gives it a very red Colour, which strain from the Faeces; to them put fresh Water, and boil again; which repeat as long as they will continue to give any Tincture; then evaporate the several Tinctures together into the Consi­stence of a Pill.

This is used in the same Cases and Quan­tities as crude Opium, and by some is pre­ferr'd thereunto; but the Difference is not worth disputing, and hardly worth the Trouble of the latter Process.

Oxymel Scilliticum.

Vt Pharmacopoeia Londinensi.

Oxymel Pectorale.

  • ℞ Rad. Enul.
  • Asari;
  • ZZ. incis. ā ℥vj.
  • Iridis flor.
  • Galang. incis.
  • Piper. alb. parum contus. ā ℥iij.
  • Aq. fontan. lbx.
  • Accet. Vini albi lbvj.
  • Macera hor. xxiv. deinde coque ad lbx. colat. adde Mel. Anglic. lbvj. coque & despuma; & tandem add. succ. Liquorit. lbss. ut f. Oxymel. Dosis cochl. ij. ad libitum su­mend.

A Pectoral Oxymel.

Take of the Roots of Elicampane, Asa­rabacca, and Ginger, each 6 Ounces, of Florentine Orrice, and Galangal Roots sli­ced, and white Pepper a little bruised, each 3 Ounces, Spring-water 10 Pints, White-wine Vinegar 6 Pints; steep them together 24 Hours, then boil to 10 Pints; strain, and add Honey 6 Pounds; then boil and clarify; to which add of the Extract of Liquorice half a Pound, and make into a Syrup.

This is an efficacious Detergent, and does greatly promote Expectoration; for which purpose it is much given in all Asthmatick Cases, and where the Breast is clogged with viscid Humours: 2 or 3 Spoonfuls are orde­red to be taken at any time.

Oxymel Sambucinum.
  • ℞ Flor. Sambuci Miij.
  • Coq. in aq. fon. lbiv. ad lbiij. colat. ad. accet. Vin. alb. Succ. Pomor. Agrest. lbij. mel. opt. lbvj. Coq. ad Syrupi consistentiam.

Elder Oxymel.

Take Flowers of Elder 3 Handsful, boil them in 4 Pints of Water to 3 Pints; to the strained Liquor add White-wine Vinegar 1 Pint, Verges 2 Pints, and of the best Honey 6 Pound; boil up to the Consistence of a Syrup.

This is given to help Expectoration, and is very effectual to break away the Obstructi­ons of the Breast, which occasion Asthmas and Coughs.

Pil. Stiptic. D. M.

  • ℞ Alum. rup. puriss. ʒiij.
  • Liquetur super ignem, cui adde
  • Sang. Dracon. pul. ʒj.

Vt f. massa, cujus ex singulis Drachmis f. Pil. No. x. Dosis Pil. v. ter in die.

Dr. M—'s Stiptick Pill.

Take fine Roch Alum 3 Drams; melt it over a clear Fire, and then stir into it 1 Dram of Dragon's-Blood finely powder'd; and out of each Dram of the Mass make 10 Pills; 5 of which are to be taken 3 times in a Day.

[Page 70]These are very much restringent, and are directed only in very obstinate Fluxes.

Pil. Anodynae.

  • ℞ Opii puris. nostr. gr. j.
  • Extract. Croci gr. iv.

Misce f. Pilula.

The Anodyne Pill.

Take purified Opium 1 Grain, Extract of Saffron 4 Grains, and mix.

This is a pleasant and a very safe Opiate, and may be given in all Cases where such Helps are required. But its principal Use is in Catarrhs, and such Defluxions, as occa­sion tickling Coughs, which it greatly re­lieves, and helps the Discharge of a great deal of Serum by the cutaneous Glands in Perspiration, and Breathing-Sweats.

Pil. Catarrhales.
  • ℞ Pil. Ruffi ℈j.
  • Opii puris. gr. j.

F. Pil. horâ somni sumend.

Pills for a Catarrh.

Take Pill. Ruffi 1 Scruple, fine Opium 1 Grain; mix into Pills, and take them at Night going to Bed.

As the former is given to stop the Deflu­xion of Rheum upon the Glands of the Throat, and encourage its Discharge by the Skin; these are intended to divert it by Stool, and are very good for that purpose. They are given to asthmatick Constitutions, and such as are inclining to Consumptions, from the Injuries such Defluxions are apt to do to the Lungs.

Pil. Diuretica.

  • ℞ Sapon. Ven. ℥j.
  • Ol. Anis. gut. xxxij.
  • Contunde in Mortario ut f. Pil. No. x. ex sin­gulis Drachmis, involve in pulv. oculorum Cancrorum.

The Diuretick Pills.

Take Venice-Soap 1 Ounce, Oyl of Ani­seed 32 Drops; beat them into a Mass, and make 10 Pills out of every Dram, to be rol­led up with the Powder of Crabs-Eyes.

[Page 72]These are very efficacious in all Obstructi­ons of the Urinary Passages; and also so very detergent, as to be of great Service in any Foulnesses of the Viscera; so that they are not only of good Service in the Stone and Gravel, but in the Jaundice and Astth­ma's, in the most obstinate Cases of which they are order'd with the greatest Certainty of Success. They are to be taken from 3 to 5, 2 or 3 times in a Day; the Patient using proper Diluters at the same time.

Pil. Ecphracticae.

  • ℞ Specier. Hierae Picrae ℥iv.
  • Sal. Martis ʒss.
  • Syr. Chalybis q. s. misce f. Pil. mediocres, Dos. vj. vel vii. de die.

The Ecphractick Pills.

Take Hiera Picra 4 Ounces, Salt of Steel half an Ounce, Syrup of Steel a sufficient Quantity to make into Pills of a moderate Bigness, to take 6 or 7 every Day.

These are directed in gross Habits of Bo­dy, that are contracted either from a sloth­ful Life, or a poor gross Diet, where the Stomach and Viscera begin to be stuffed with such Viscidities, as create Dropsies, Asth­ma's, [Page 73] and many other Chronick Diseases. They purge very gently, and are particu­larly good in a Chlorosis, and likewise in Hypochondriacal Affections.

Pil. Stomachicae. D. M.

  • ℞ Specier. Hierae ℥ij.
  • Rad. Ari sic. ℥ss.
  • Extract. Gentian. ʒij.
  • Elix. Propriet. q. s. ut f. massa, adde
  • Sal. Absynthii ʒij.

Dr. M—'s Stomachic Pills.

Take Hiera Picra 2 Ounces, dry'd Aron Root half an Ounce, Extract of Gentian 2 Drams, Elixir Proprietatis a sufficient Quan­tity to make it into a Mass for Pills; to which add Salt of Wormwood 2 Drams.

These are directed to be taken every Morning, 6 or 7 at a Dose; they gently purge, and both cleanse away sloughy Hu­mours, which foul the Coats of the Sto­mach, and warm the Fibres, whereby Di­gestion is promoted. They are most con­venient in advanced Age, and full cachectick Habits, which abound with cold viscid Hu­mours.

Pil. Pectorales.

  • ℞ Rad. Enul. Liquoritiae pul. ℥j.
  • Pulv. Croci ʒij.
  • Balsam. Sulph. anis. q. s. ut f. Pil. Dos. iij. bis in die.

Pectoral Pills.

Take Elicampane Root powder'd 1 Ounce, Powder of Saffron 2 Drams, Balsam of Sul­phur anisated a sufficient Quantity to make into a Mass for Pills, of which 3 is a Dose twice in a Day.

These are given in ordinary Coughs in consumptive Habits, and in all Distempers of the Breast. They are both cordial and detergent, whereby they not only raise the Spirits, but cleanse the Vessels, promote Expectoration, and ease the Breath.

Pil. Hystericae.

  • ℞ Galbani colat.
  • Assae Foetidae ā ℥j.
  • Pulv. Castor. ʒj.
  • Tinct. Castor. q. s. ut f. Pil. mediocres.

The Hysterick Pills.

Take Galbanum, and Assa Foetida, each 1 Ounce, Powder of Castor 1 Dram, Tin­cture of Castor a sufficient Quantity to make them into Pills.

These are order'd in all Hysteric Affe­ctions, and sometimes in Hypochondriacal Cases. They are given 5 at a Dose, 2 or 3 times in a Day.

Pil. Mercuriales.

  • ℞ Pil. e Duobus ℥j.
  • Calomel. ℥ss.
  • Syr. e Spin. Cervinâ q. s. ut f. mass. cui adde Ol. Sassafr. gut. xx.

The Mercurial Pill.

Take Pil. e Duobus 1 Ounce, Calomelanos half an Ounce, Syrup of Buckthorn a suffi­cient Quantity to make them into a Mass; to which add Oyl of Sassafras 20 Drops.

These are powerfully purging, and are generally given in Venereal Cases, previous to a Salivation, or a Course of Alteratives. If they are made from each Dram into 10 Pills, 5 are enough for a Dose; and the [Page 76] Patients are carefully attended, and kept warm during their Operation.

Pil. Polycrest.

  • ℞ Aloes lucid.
  • Scammon. opt. ā ʒiij.
  • Trochisci alhand. ʒij.
  • Croci opt. ℈ij.
  • Aloes & Scammon. seorsim pulv. & cùm Sp. Vini opt. in Mass. formentur; cui adde Troch. & Crocum subtilissime pulverizat.

Pills of many Virtues.

Take bright Aloes, and Scammony, each 3 Drams, Troches Alhandulae 2 Drams, the best Saffron 2 Scruples; let the Aloes and Saffron be powder'd separately, and made into a Mass of the Consistence of Pills, with the best Spirit of Wine; then mix the Tro­ches and Saffron therewith.

These are used as a common Purge in all Cachectick Habits; the Quantity of half a Dram made into 5 Pills, are generally dire­cted for 1 Dose.

Pil. Hydragogae. D. W.

  • ℞ GGG. ℥ij.
  • Sena ℥ss.
  • Crem. Tartari ʒij.
  • Ol. Anisi ʒjss.
  • Syr. e Spin. Cer. q. s. f. Mass.

Dr. W—'s Pills to purge Water.

Take Gamboge 2 Ounces, Sena half an Ounce, Cream of Tartar 2 Drams, Oyl of Aniseed 1 Dram and half, Syrup of Buck­thorn a sufficient Quantity to make them into a Mass of a proper Consistence for Pills.

These purge much, and carry off a great Quantity of watery Humours, where-ever they are ordered, particularly for Dropsies, and such Cachectick Habits as abound with those Humours. Their Dose is from 1 Scru­ple, to half a Dram, made into 4 or 5 Pills.

Pil. Ecphracticae. D. W.

  • ℞ Specier. Hierae nostr. ℥ij.
  • Sal. Martis ℥ss.
  • Syr. e quinque Radicibus q. s. ut f. Pil. mediocres cap. vj. vel vij. bis de die.

Dr. W—'s Ecphractick Pills.

Take of Species Hiera Picra 2 Ounces, Salt of Steel half an Ounce, Syrup of the 5 opening Roots a sufficient Quantity to make them into a Mass to be formed into Pills of a moderate bigness, of which 6 or 7 are to be taken twice in a Day.

These differ very little from the Pills un­der the same Title a little before mention'd, only the Quantity of Steel here is in some­what a larger Proportion than in them. They are given to the same purposes as there observed.

Pil. ad Gonorrhoeam. D. W.

  • ℞ Resin. Jallap. ℥ij.
  • Fol. Senae;
  • Gum Guajaci ā ℥j.
  • Sal. Tartari ʒij.
  • Balsam. Peruv. ℥ss.
  • Terebinth. Venet. q. s. ut f. massa. Dosis v. alter. mane.

Dr. W—'s Pills for a Gonorrhoea.

Take Resin of Jallap 2 Ounces, Leaves of Sena, Gum Guajacum, each 1 Ounce, Salt of Tartar 2 Drams, Balsam of Peru half an Ounce, Venice-Treacle a sufficient Quantity to make it into a Mass for Pills of an ordinary Bigness, 5 of which are to be taken for a Dose every other Morning.

These are strongly purgative, and calcu­lated particularly to scour the Genital Parts, and those Passages as are principally infected by Venereal Taints; insomuch that they will frequently cleanse away a Gonorrhoea, without the Assistance of Mercury; tho' most commonly, a Bole with that is given over Night.

Pil. Icterica. D. W.

  • ℞ Rad. Curcumae;
  • Chalyb. cum Sulph. ⅌⅌. ā ℥ij.
  • Cinerum Moscov. ʒss.
  • Syr. e quinque Radicibus q. s. f. massa. Dosis iij. Pil. mediocres, bis in die.

Dr. W—'s Pills against the Jaundice.

Take of Turmerick Root, Steel with Sul­phur prepar'd, each 2 Ounces, Pot-ashes half an Ounce, Syrup of the 5 opening Roots a sufficient Quantity to make them into a due Consistence for Pills; which if made of a middling bigness, 3 are order'd for a Dose twice in a Day.

They are very opening, and therefore not only of service in the Distemper here men­tioned, but in all Cases from Obstructions; and particularly by Urine, they operate so powerfully as to carry all before them which lodges in those Passages. The whole Habit likewise is cleansed by them, and a Cachexy may be converted into a sound, hale Constitution.

Potio Emetica.

  • ℞ Vin. Benedict. ʒvj.
  • Aq. Pulegii ℥jss.
  • Oxymel. Pectoralis ʒiij.


The Emetick Draught.

Take of Vinum Benedictum 6 Drams, Pe­niroyal-water 1 Ounce and half, and Pecto­ral Oxymel 3 Drams; mix together into a Draught.

This is the common Vomit, in most Ca­ses, where such a Medicine is required.

Pil. Ruffi.

  • — ex Duobus.
  • — Coch. Maj.
  • — Foetid.

All made as in the London Dispensatory.

Pil. Cinnabar.

  • ℞ Cinnab. nativ. ℥j.
  • Pulv. Antisiphil. ℥ij.
  • Castor. ʒvj.
  • Mithridat. q. s. ut f. massa. Dosis a gr. x. ad xv. vel xx.

The Cinnabar Pills.

Take of native Cinnabar 1 Ounce, of the salivating Powder 2 Ounces, Powder of Ca­stor 6 Drams, Mithridate a sufficient Quan­tity to make into a Mass of a due Consi­stence for Pills. The Dose from 10 Grains to 15 or 20 Grains, made into small Pills.

This will work both upwards and down­wards, and frequently salivates. It is so churlish, as not to be given but to robust Constitutions, and in very obstinate Cases; and in very stubborn Ulcers it frequently promotes their Cure more than any other Mercurial whatsoever.

Pulvis Antiphisil. seu Salivans.

℞ Mercur. praecip. rub. subtilissime pulv. lbj. inde vase terreo super affunde Spiritum Vini rectif. ad eminentiam ij. digit. accend. Spiritum, continuo agitando, dum totus de­flagaverit; repete opus ad tertiam vicem. Dosis gr. x.

The Salivating Powder.

Take red Precipitate of Mercury 1 Pound, put it into a glazed Vessel, and pour upon it rectify'd Spirit of Wine, so as to stand 2 Fingers above it, which set on fire, and stir it about all the while it is burning. Let this Operation be repeated 3 times. The Dose is 10 Grains.

The burning of the Precipitate in this manner, breaks off the Points of those Salts which join to the Mercury in its Preparation, and makes it operate with a greater Mild­ness, it being hardly safe in inward Use, without such Correction. And with this Salivations are frequently raised by giving 10 Grains for a Dose, with Conserve of Roses, or any thing of like Substance. This is the Powder mentioned in the foregoing Prescription.

Pulvis Diureticus.

  • ℞ Sal. Nitri puris. ʒiij.
  • Succin. volat. ʒj.
  • Test. ov. pulv. ʒij.
  • Sachar. albis. ʒvj.
  • Misce f. Pulvis Dosis ʒj.

The Diuretick Powder.

Take fine Salt of Nitre 3 Ounces, vola­tile Salt of Amber 1 Dram, Powder of Egg­shells 2 Drams, white Sugar 6 Drams; make into a Powder. Dose 1 Dram.

This is a very forceable Diuretick, and operates with great Quickness, if given in a proper Quantity of Liquor, as White-wine Whey, or any such Diluter. For what is drank with it greatly helps its Operation, and makes it pass with much more Safety, because it is so sharp, as otherwise to rake the Membranes too much, which will some­times straiten the Passages, and encrease the Obstruction. A Quantity of Fluid likewise much favours the Operation of stimulating Diureticks, not only as a Vehicle, but be­cause it presses the faster by its Weight, thro' the depending Passages. In all Suspi­cions of the Stone and Gravel, this is given once or twice in a Day, and continued ac­cording to the Importance of the Symptoms; but in sloughy and viscid Obstructions, it is the more particularly fitted to break thro'. For Oily Medicines are most suitable to sto­ny Concretions, which stop the Vessels, be­cause they relax and render slippery the Passages: but in Collections of viscid Mat­ter, they only encrease the Stoppage; and [Page 85] then it is these pungent attenuating Salts are fittest to cut their way through, by di­viding the obstructed Matter, and carrying it along with them.

Pulvis Sternutatorius.

℞ Fol. Asari siccat. & pulv. q. s.

The Sneezing Powder.

Take Powder of dry'd Leaves of Asara­bacca, as much as is sufficient.

This is the common Snuff used, and it greatly drains the Head of tough, viscid Humours, which are apt to clog the fine Springs of Life there situated. It is chiefly given at Night going to Bed, and it will make the Nose run very much the next Day; tho' at first taking, it does not irri­tate so much as the ordinary Tobacco-Snuffs, and will not so much as cause Sneezing.

Pulvis Aethiopicus. D. C—de.

  • ℞ Aethiop. Min. sine igne praep. lbss.
  • Antimoni Crudii lbj.

Misce f. Pulvis subtilissimus, Dosis ʒss. ter in die superbibendo Haustum Decocti Libe­rantis.

Dr. C—de's Aethiopick Powder.

Take Aethiops Mineral prepared without Fire half a Pound, Crude Antimony 1 Pound, make them into a fine Powder, to take half a Dram 3 times in a Day, with a Draught of the Decoction Liberans.

This is an admirable Remedy, and of great Efficacy in all cutaneous Foulnesses; as Scabs, Itch, Leprosy, Herpes, and the like; and especially if the Eruptions be anointed with the Vnguentum Psoricum, and the Patient be first bled, and purg'd with Calomel. This is Dr. C—de's Method of curing those Diseases in St. B—w's Ho­spital.

Pulvis Haemorrhoidalis.

  • ℞ Flor. Sulph. ʒj. ad ʒij.
  • Cap. bis in die in Haustu Lactis Vaccini, vel Jusculi Avenacei. Vide Elect. Haemor­rhoidale.

The Powder for the Piles.

Take Flowers of Sulphur 1 Dram to 2 Drams, twice in a Day in a Draught of Milk, or Water-gruel. See the Pile Ele­ctuary.

[Page 87]This is a very easy and cheap Medicine, and very efficacious to the purpose signified by its Title.

Pulvis ad Vermes.

  • ℞ CCC.
  • Scammonii opt. ā ℥j.
  • Calomel. ʒvj.
  • Resin. Jallapi ʒij.

Misce f. Pulv.

The Worm-Powder.

Take burnt Hartshorn, and Scammony, each 1 Ounce, Calomel 6 Drams, Resin of Jallap 2 Drams; mix together into a Powder.

This purges very briskly, and is very effectual against Worms, especially in young Persons. It is best taken in the Pap of an Apple, or any other such Substance, because the Calomel will sink in any thin Liquor. The Dose from 10 Grains to half a Dram, in a Morning.

Pulv. Synanch.

  • ℞ Sal. Prunell. ℥jss.
  • Piper. alb. ʒiij.
  • Sachar. alb. ℥iv.

Misce f. Pulvis, de quo tenet. in ore aeger. & sensim deglutiat.

Powder for a sore Throat.

Take Salt Prunella 1 Ounce and half, White Pepper 3 Drams, White Sugar 4 Ounces; make into a Powder for the Pati­ent to hold in his Mouth, and swallow gen­tly.

This is good in all Inflammations in the Throat, and more effectual than most Gar­gles contrived for those purposes.

Pulvis Astringens in Diarrhaeam. D. W.

  • ℞ Boli Armeni lbj.
  • Rhab. torrifact. ℥iij.


Dr. W—'s Astringent Powder.

Take Armenian Bole 1 Pound, Rhubarb toasted 3 Ounces; mix together for Use.

This is given in Loosenesses from half a Dram to 1 Dram at a Dose, in any conve­nient Liquor; to be taken as often as the Symptoms require.

Pulvis Haemopt. D. W.

  • ℞ Vngul. Equini siccat. ℥iv.
  • Sachar. Rosat. ℥ij.

Misce f. Pulv. Cap. ʒss. sextâ quâque horâ.

Dr. W—'s Powder against spitting Blood.

Take of Horse-Hoof dryed 4 Ounces, Sugar of Roses 2 Ounces; make them to­gether into a fine Powder, and take half a Dram every six Hours.

Pulv. Alexiterius.

  • ℞ Pul. e Chel. 69.
  • Coral. rub.
  • Succini albi ā ℥viij.
  • Occul. 69 ℥iv.
  • Rad. Contragerv.
  • Serpent. Virgin.
  • Angel. ā ℥ij.
  • Bol. Armen. ℥iv.

Misce f. Pulv. cap. sextâ quâque horâ.

The Alexiteral Powder.

Take Powder of Crabs Claws, red Coral, white Amber, each 8 Ounces, Crabs-Eyes 4 Ounces, Contragerva Root, Virginia Snake Root, and Angelico Root, each 2 Ounces, [Page 90] Bole-Armeniack 4 Ounces; mix into a Pow­der to take half a Dram every 6 Hours.

This is the common Prescription in all Cases attended with a Fever, and is conti­nued till it raises a Diaphoresis, or terminates the Distemper by any other critical Dis­charge. This is preferable to many Powders order'd for the same purpose, tho' not so costly.

Species Hierae Picrae.

  • ℞ Rad. Asari;
  • Galang.
  • Cinnamon.
  • Spic. nard.
  • Croci;
  • Myrrhae ā ʒvj.
  • Aloes opt. ℥xij.

Misce f. Pulvis subtilissimus.

Hiera Picra.

Take Roots of Asarabacca, and Galangal, of Cinnamon, Spicknard, Saffron, and Myrrh, each 6 Drams, fine Aloes 12 Ounces; make all into a fine Powder.

This is a much better Medicine than the Hiera Picra of the College, because some In­gredients in that, are not at all to the main [Page 91] Scope of the Medicine; and this is used to the same purposes.

Syrupus ex Allio.

  • ℞ Rad. Enul. Camp. incis. ℥iv.
  • ZZ. ʒvj.
  • Rad. Glycyrrhizae ℥vj.
  • Coq. in aq. fontan. lbvj. ad lbiv. sub finem, adde Lobul. Allii. pellic. denudat. & tenuiter incis. ℥iv.
  • Sem. Anisi contus. ℥jss.
  • Colat. adde
  • Sacch. alb. ℥iv.
  • Coq. ad consistentiam Syrupi.

Syrup. of Garlick.

Take Elicampane Root sliced 4 Ounces, Ginger 6 Drams, Liquorice Root 6 Ounces; boil them in 6 Pints of Water to 4 Pints, and when it is almost enough boiled, put in 4 Ounces of the Heads of Garlick pealed from the outer Skin, of Aniseed bruised 1 Ounce and half; to the strained Liquor put 4 Pound of Sugar, and boil up to the Consi­stence of a Syrup.

This is order'd for all asthmatick Patients, and such as labour with any Oppression up­on the Breast, and Difficulty of Breathing. It is given a Spoonful at any time; but [Page 92] especially at Night going to Bed, because the Warmth encourages its Operation, and helps to breath off a great deal through the Skin.

Syrupus Althaeae.

  • Garyoph.
  • Cydonii.
  • de Meconio.
  • Paeon. Comp.
  • e v. Radicibus
  • Balsam.
  • Chalybis.
  • Sambuci.
  • Ros. Solutiv.

All these are made as in the London Di­spensatory.

Tinctura Diuretica, seu Cantharidum.

  • ℞ Pulv. Rhei opt. ʒiij.
  • Gum. Guajaci ʒjss.
  • Lac. ʒj.
  • Cantharid. contus. ʒij.
  • Cochinel. ʒss.
  • Infunde calide ⅌ dies iv. in Spiritu Vini recti­ficati lbjss. colat. & filtretur ad usum. Dosis gut. xx. ad xl. bis in die in Vino albo.

The Diuretick Tincture.

Take of the best Rhubarb 3 Drams, Gum Guajacum 1 Dram and half, Gum Lac 1 Dram, Cantharides bruised 2 Drams, Co­chineel half a Dram; infuse them warm for 4 Days in 1 Pint and half of rectified Spirit of Wine; then strain and filter it for Use. The Dose from 20 to 40 Drops twice in a Day, in White-wine.

This is principally used where the urinary Passages are suspected to be loaded with sli­my and viscid Humours. And to Females, in some Foulnesses of the Vterus, it is or­dered with good Success. And it will breath away Obstructions that no other Diuretick will take place in.

Tinctura Fracastorii.

  • ℞ Aq. Hordei ℥x.
  • Cinnam. Hord. ℥iv.
  • Mirabilis ℥ij.
  • Confection. Fracast. ℥ss.
  • Sacchar. alb. q. s.

Fracastorius's Tincture.

Take Barley-water 10 Ounces, Barley Cinnamon-water 4 Ounces, Aqua Mirabilis 2 Ounces, Diascordium half an Ounce, white Sugar a sufficient Quantity.

This is calculated against all manner of Fluxes of the Belly, and is directed to be taken 4 or 5 Spoonfuls at a Dose, after every Stool, or oftener, if the Symptoms are vio­lent. All Malt-Liquors are likewise deny'd to those Patients, till the Looseness is per­fectly stopped.

Tinctura Emmenagog. D. M.

  • ℞ Rad. Helleb. nigr. pul. ℥iv.
  • Super-affunde Sp. Vini rectific. ℥xij. stent in loco calido donec extrahatur Tinctura. Dosis gt. xxx. vel xl. in Vino albo.

Dr. M—'s Emmenagogick Tincture.

Take Roots of black Hellebore 4 Ounces, and pour upon it 12 Ounces of rectified Spi­rit of Wine, which let stand in a warm place, till the Tincture is well drawn. The Dose from 30 to 40 Drops.

This is a most powerful Deobstruent in menstrual Obstructions, and will prevail many times where Chalybeats are try'd in vain. It is good likewise in many nervous Disorders; but particularly all those which come under the Appellation of Hypochon­driacal Affections; and even in an obstinate Mania, it is frequently found to have Suc­cess. In Rheumatisms likewise, and the Gout, it will often give great Relief, it be­ing easy, by proper ways of encouraging it, to raise by it a very great Diaphoresis, so as to breath out much of the offending Hu­mours. When it is directed only for the Green Sickness, it is sometimes joyned with Elixir Proprietatis, in which manner it is likewise prescribed against Worms; and, with an equal Quantity of Mynsicht's Elixir of Vitriol it is sometimes compounded, both in the Green-Sickness and the Hypo.

Tinctura Sacra.

  • ℞ Specier. Hierae ℥ij.
  • Cochinel. ʒss.
  • Infunde ⅌ septimanam in Vin. alb. gen. lbij.

The Sacred Tincture.

Take 2 Ounces of Hiera Picra, and half a Dram of Cochineel, and infuse them for a Week in 2 Pints of generous White-wine.

This has twice the Strength of that which is made in the Shops, and is much the bet­ter; for after the common way of making with half this Quantity of Species, it will hardly operate, unless given in so large a Dose, as affects the Head from the Quantity of the Wine. It is given as a Stomachick, and frequently as a Preparatory to Altera­tive Courses, because it cleanses the first Pas­sages, and enables the Stomach the better to digest what it receives; which is as ne­cessary to answer the Ends of a Medicine designed for an Alterative, as it is to that of common Food to make it into good Nou­rishment. This is prescribed from 2 to 3 Ounces over Night, or early in the Morning, and repeated every other Day, for 3 or 4 times, if not oftner; because its Operation is too mild to expect any Matters of Mo­ment from one or two Doses.

Tinctura Cardiaca. D. W.

  • ℞ Rad. Tormentil. incis. ℥iv.
  • Bistort. ℥jss.
  • Angelicae ℥j.
  • Galang.
  • Cinnam.
  • Macis ā ʒiii.
  • Opii Thebaic.
  • Cochinel. ā ʒj.
  • Infund. in Sp. Vini lbiv. ⅌ dies xiv. colat. adde Sach. alb. ℥iv. Misce.

Dr. W—'s Cordial Tincture.

Take Root of Tormentil sliced 4 Ounces, Bistort 1 Ounce and half, Angelico 1 Ounce, Gallangal, Cinnamon, and Mace, each 3 Drams, Theban Opium, and Cochineel, each 1 Dram; infuse them in 4 Pints of Spirit of Wine 14 Days; then strain, and add to the clear Liquor 6 Ounces of fine Sugar.

This is Cordial and Astringent, and given under any Dejection of Spirits from what Cause soever; as also where the Stomach and Bowels have lost their due Tone, and occasion Indigestion, Flatulencies, and Loosnesses. It is generally given a Spoonful or two at a time, in any convenient Vehicle.

Tinctura Cardiaca & Stomachica.

  • ℞ Aq. Absynth. maj. C. ℥ij.
  • Specier. Diambrae;
  • Terrae Japonic. ʒj.

Digere in B. M.

The Cordial Stomachick Tincture.

Take the greater Composition of Worm-worm Water 2 Ounces, Species Diambrae, and Japan-Earth, each 1 Dram; digest in a moderate Warmth.

This is pretty much of the same Virtue as the foregoing Cordial Tincture of Dr. W—, and is directed for the same purposes, espe­cially where the Stomach has lost its Tone by frequent Debauches; for which purpose, if it be allowed in Spaw-water a due Quan­tity, it is much the more likely to succeed. The Dose is from half a Spoonful, to a Spoonful.

Vinum Scilliticum. D. W.

  • ℞ ZZ.
  • Sem. Anisi;
  • Foeniculi dul. ā ℥ss.
  • Rad. Liquorit. ℥ij.
  • Scillar. ⅌⅌ ℥iv.
  • Cochinel. ʒj.
  • Vin. alb. iv.

Infunde Vase clauso ⅌ Septimanam, & colat. cap. ℥ij. bis in die.

Dr. W—'s Squill-Wine.

Take Ginger, Aniseeds, and sweet Fen­nel Seeds, each half an Ounce, Liquorice-Root 2 Ounces, Squills prepared 4 Ounces, Cochineel 1 Dram, White-wine 4 Pints; infuse them together in a close Vessel for a Week; then strain it, and take 2 Ounces twice in a Day.

This is a good Diuretick, and an admi­rable Medicine in all Disorders from Obstru­ctions of the Breast; that there is hardly any one Thing of greater Efficacy in Astth­ma's: and in Dropsies, it will do great Service, by inciding and breaking away by Urine, the pituitous and slimy Humours, which stuff the whole Habit.

Vnguentum Emolliens.

  • ℞ Vnguent. Althaeae ℥iv.
  • Ol. Terebinth. ℥j.


The Emollient Ointment.

Take Ointment of Marsh-mallows 4 Oun­ces, and Oyl of Turpentine 1 Ounce, which mix together.

This is directed to be rubb'd in upon any bruised Part, or that is indurated by obstru­cted Humours; because it attenuates and warms the stagnant Matter, and helps to breath it out, either thro' the Pores of the Skin, or to be taken up again by the circu­lating Blood, and discharged elsewhere.

Vnguentum Tetrapharmacum.

  • ℞ Pici Burgund. lbss.
  • Cerae flavae lbj.
  • Thuris ℥j.
  • Ol. Oliv. lbj.

Misce f. Vnguent. S. A.

Ointment of Four Things.

Take Burgundy Pitch half a Pound, Yel­low Wax 1 Pound, Frankinsence 1 Ounce, Oyl of Olives 1 Pint; melt them together into an Unguent.

This is used as a moderate Digestive.

Vnguentum Nigrum.

  • ℞ Pissolaei Indic. ℥iv.
  • Calophon. ℥vj.
  • Cerae flavae lbss.
  • Ol. Lin. ℥iv.


The Black Ointment.

Take Barbadoes Tar 4 Ounces, Resin 6 Ounces, Yellow Wax half a Pound, and Linseed Oyl 4 Ounces; and melt into an Unguent.

This is also ordered as a Digestive.

Unguent. Epuloticum.

  • ℞ Pulv. Lapid. Calamin.
  • Cerae flavae, ā ℥iv.
  • Ol. Olivar. ʒvj.


The Epulotick Ointment.

Take Calamine, and Yellow Wax, each 4 Ounces, Oyl of Olives 6 Ounces; and mix together into an Unguent.

This is cooling and drying, and order'd in a Herpes, and tetterous Ouzings of a sharp Serum thro' the Skin. But in many Cases, such Things are to be used with great Caution, because they endanger some­times Mortification, by cooling the Part too much.

Vnguent. Viride.

  • ℞ Aerug. Aeris ℥ss.
  • Vnguent. Aegyptiaci ℥ij.
  • Vnguent. Sambuc. ℥iv.
  • Colophoniae ℥ij.
  • Ol. Spicae ℥j.

Misce S. A.

The Green Ointment.

Take Verdigrease half an Ounce, Vng. Aegyptiacum 2 Ounces, Ointment of Elder 4 Ounces, Resin 6 Ounces, Oyl of Spike 1 Ounce; mix together into an Ointment.

[Page 103]This is a warm Digestive, and a good De­tergent, and is used therefore to cleanse old foul Ulcers, and wear away fungous Flesh from green Wounds.

Vnguent. Paralyticum.

  • ℞ Axungiae Porcin.
  • Ol. Lauri, ā ℥ij.
  • Ol. Vitrioli ℥j.


The Palsy Ointment.

Take Hogs-Lard, and Oyl of Bays, each 2 Ounces, Oyl of Vitriol 1 Ounce; and mix together into an Unguent.

This is very sharp, insomuch as some­times to vesicate the Part it is rubbed into. It is used to paralytick and numbed Limbs, which it helps to restore to their due Sense and Feeling.

Vnguentum Mercuriale.

  • ℞ Mercur. viv. ℥iv.
  • Tereb. Ven. opt. ℥ij.
  • Misce exquisite dein. add. Axung. Porc. lbj. f. Vng.

The Mercurial Ointment.

Take Quicksilver 4 Ounces, the best Ve­nice-Turpentine 2 Ounces; mix them well together, then adding 1 Pound of Hogs-Lard, make up into an Unguent.

This is used in St. Thomas's Hospital, to raise a Salivation by Unction.

Vnguentum Psoricum.

  • ℞ Axungiae Porcinae lbiv.
  • Flor. Sulphuris;
  • Sulphur. Vivi, ā lbss.


Ointment for the Itch.

Take Hogs-Lard 4 Pound, Flowers of Sulphur, and Sulphur Vive, each half a Pound; and mix all together into an Oint­ment.

This is the common Ointment in the Itch, and all cutaneous Foulnesses. It hardly ever fails of answering its End, if continued long enough, by anointing every Night the Parts which break out, and wearing the same Linnen all the Time. Two or three Weeks is as little as can be depended upon; [Page 105] but it makes the Patient smell very strong of it.

Vnguent. Martiatum.

  • ℞ Fol. Rutae;
  • —Marjoran.
  • —Rorismar.
  • —Thymi;
  • —Tanacet.
  • — Lauri, ā q. s.
  • Concinde, & misce, deinde
  • ℞ Axungiae Porc. lbxij. liquefactae adde Her­bas praescriptas quantum infarcire potes coq. ad siccitatem; tum fortiter cola, & adde Herbas recentes q. s. coq. iterum, & cola, & colat. adde
  • Ol. Terebinth. lbjss.
  • Cerae flavae ℥xij.

Misce S. A.

The Soldier's Ointment.

Take Rue, Marjoram, Rosemary, Thyme, Mint, Tancey, and Bays, each a sufficient Quantity; cut them small, and mix toge­ther: then melt 10 Pound of Hogs-Lard, and put in as many as possible of those Herbs, and boil till they become crisp; then press them out hard, and to the strained Ointment add fresh Herbs, and boil and strain as before; then put to it 1 Pound and [Page 106] half of Oyl of Turpentine, and 12 Ounces of Yellow Wax; which melt together for an Ointment.

This pretty much differs from the Medi­cine under the same Title in the College Dis­pensatory, and is much preferable to it as a Digestive.

Vnguent. Sambuci.

  • ℞ Fol. Virid. Sambuci;
  • Semperviv. ā Pij.
  • Cort. inter. Sambuci Pj.
  • Misce & coq. quantum potes in Axungiae Porc. lbx. ad siccitatem, deinde cola fortiter & repet. iterum cùm Herbis recentibus, colat. adde.
  • Cerae flavae lbx.


The Elder Ointment.

Take Green Elder Leaves, and House­leek, each 2 Parts, and of the inward Bark of Elder 1 Part; mix them together, and boil as much as possible in 10 Pound of Hogs-lard to a crispness; then press it out hard, and boil a fresher Quantity in the same Lard, and press out again; to the last putting 10 Pound of Yellow Wax.

[Page 107]This is a good Cooler, and directed in Inflammations, and erysipelatous Tumours; but it is to be used with Caution, for the Reasons given under the Epulotick Oint­ment.

Vnguent. ad Lepram.

  • ℞ Vnguenti Psorici lbj.
  • Ol. Sulphuris ℥j.


The Leprosie Ointment.

Take of the Itch Ointment 1 Pound, and 1 Ounce of Oyl of Sulphur, and mix them together.

This is very sharp, and will scour off those sordid Incrustations, which deform the Skin in a Leprosie: but it is not to be depended upon for a Cure by it self.

Vnguent. Pracip. alb.

  • ℞ Vng. Pomat. lbj.
  • Praecipt. alb. ℥ij.


The White Precipitate Ointment.

Take Pomatum 1 Pound, and White Pre­cipitate 2 Ounces; and mix them together into an Ointment.

This is likewise directed for the Itch and Leprosie, and all such obstinate Deformi­ties of the Skin, and chiefly to the more nice Patients; but it is hardly so certain as the common Itch Ointments, and is not so safe by much. It is sometimes liable to raise a Salivation, where it is not expected.


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