See Chatterton's Works Page 112





  • PREFACE Page. i
  • Description of the Fryars first passing over the Old Bridge 1
  • Ethelgar, a Saxon poem 5
  • Kenrick, a Saxon poem 11
  • Cerdick, a Saxon poem 15
  • Godred Crovan, a poem, composed by Dopnal Syrric, Scheld of Godred Crovan, king of the Isle of Man 21
  • The Hirlas, translated from the ancient British of Owen Cyfeliog, prince of Powys 40
  • Gorthmund, translated from the Saxon 45
  • Narva and Mored, and African eclogue 56
  • The Death of Nicou, an African eclogue 61
  • Elegy to the memory of Mr. Thomas Phillips of Fairford 66
  • February, an elegy 72
  • Elegy on W. Beckford, Esq. 76
  • Elegy 79
  • To Mr. Holland 81
  • [Page vi] On Mr. Alcock of Bristol 83
  • To Miss B—sh of Bristol 85
  • The Advice, addressed to Miss M— R—, of Bristol 87
  • The Copernican System 90
  • The Consuliad, an heroic poem 92
  • Elegy 103
  • The Prophecy 105
  • Fragment of a sermon, by the celebrated Row­ley 112
  • Memoirs of Sir William Canynge 117
  • The Antiquity of Christmas Games 129
  • Description of some curious Saxon Achieve­ments 134
  • Anecdote of Chaucer 137
  • Anecdote of Judge Jeffries 138
  • Account of the Tinctures of Saxon Heralds 139
  • Copy of an ancient Manuscript, written by Rowley 140
  • On the origin, nature and design of Sculpture 142
  • The Adventures of a Star 149
  • The story of Maria Friendless 167
  • The False Step 174
  • Memoirs of a Sad Dog 184
  • Tony Selwood's description of a modern an­tique character 209
  • [Page vii] The Hunter of Oddities, No. I. 214
  • The Hunter of Oddities, No. II. 217
  • The Hunter of Oddities, No. III. 221
  • The Hunter of Oddities, No. IV. 225
  • Letter from Astrea Brokage 228
  • Song, addressed to Miss C—am, of Bristol 232
  • Anecdote of Lord C—d 234
  • The Unfortunate Fathers 235
  • Elegy to the memory of Mr. Thomas Chat­terton 241


THE disputes which have taken place in the learned world, respecting those po­ems which were published some time ago under the names of Rowley and Canning, are still undetermined; notwithstanding all the arguments brought on one side to sup­port their authenticity, and on the other to prove them the forgeries of a young li­terary adventurer, the question is still brought to no conclusion, and as the parti­sans of each hypothesis declare themselves unconvinced by the evidences of the other, the matter may be considered as yet in­volved in doubt and obscurity. The fol­lowing collection of pieces are liable to none of the objections which are made to the other. They are the genuine and ac­knowledged [Page x] productions of Thomas Chat­terton; a person whose genius and abilities, exercised at a very early period of life, will no less command the respect of posterity, than they have excited the attention, and divided the sentiments of the ablest judge of the present age.

With respect to Rowley's poems, the pre­vailing opinion seems to be, th [...] they were actually written by Chatterton: for though the antique manner in which they were cloathed, had served greatly to disguise them, yet it could not but be observed that that the smoothness of the versification, and the frequent * traces of imitation of later [Page xi] writers [...] utterly inconsistent with the [...] their being the productions of the fifteenth century. These circumstances did no escape the observation of many gentle­men at th [...]ir f [...]rst appearance; but that for­geries [...]ld be attempted by one who had not reached the age of seventeen years, and that these attempts should be conducted with a degree of skill and judgment, which obliged the most intelligent to doubt, and [Page xii] at the same time almost compelled the most doubtful to assent, seemed to be hardly within the reach of probability; it rather, in the opinion of many, bordered on im­impossibility.

It hath been presumed, though without du­ly weighing circumstances, that it would be a wild conjecture to suppose a young, and almost uneducated man, was capable of con­ducting a complicated fraud, which required applications very different from those which the season of his life, and his means of in­formation seemed to point out, and at the same time such a course of study as is very seldom pursued until a more advanced pe­riod. But before this is granted, it should be recollected that he was, as Mr. Warton* observe [...], a singular instance of a prematurity [Page xiii] of abilities, and that he had acquired a store of general information far exceeding his years; that he possessed a comprehension of mind, and activity of understanding, which predominated over his situations in life, and his opportunities of instruction. When these facts are remem­bered, it will not be considered so very incre­dible; and the history of the human mind will furnish many examples of a maturity of judgment in persons at as early an age, which will diminish the surprise which must at the first glance impress every person who reflects upon this extraordinary phenomenon. It should be recollected, before we pronouce de­cisively upon this subject, that there have been instances almost as extraordinary as that we have now under consideration. Dr. Wot­ton, at the age of six years, acquired a con­siderable knowledge in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew tongues; and Dr. Johnson [Page xiv] has given the life of one* who mastered five languages at the age of nine years. These acquisitions are certainly as wonder­ful as Chatterton's knowledge of the obso­lete language of the 15th and 16th centuries, which he was known to be fond of, and to which he had particularly applied his atten­tion. Nor should the contrivance of such a fraud be deemed beyond the reach of one who possessed such abilities. It is known that a person who was distinguished by the name of Psalmanazar, in the beginning of the present century, fabricated a new language, and actually succeeded in imposing upon some of the most intelligent and inquisitive persons of the times, who were equally as desirous, as able to detect the imposture, had it not been managed with a degree of art which eluded all their vigilance.

[Page xv] It will hardly be denied, that acquisitions like those we have before mentioned are equally surprising with any which Chatter­ton is supposed to have reached; unless the invention of new characters for a language, or the difficulties of obtaining an accurate knowledge of the Latin, Greek, and He­brew, are more easy to overcome than to imi­tate the manner of writing in the time of Edward the fourth. But instances may be produced of persons whose extent of intelli­gence hath been as great in subjects more ab­struse, and not less out of the common walk, than those to which Chatterton devoted his attention. It will be sufficient to name the celebrated Crichton, and M. Servin, men­tioned by Sully, between both whom and our author a resemblance might be dis­covered, as well in their astonishing abilities, as in those defects which marked the private [Page xvi] characters of each of these young adventu­rers.

As the present publication consists of pieces of which not the smallest doubt was ever entertained of their being genuine, it is totally unnecessary here to enter into any ar­gument either to support or invalidate those proofs which have been adduced of the au­thenticity of the supposed ancient poems; and it is the less incumbent on the present editor, as the public hath lately received en­tire satisfaction on that head from the same gentleman to whom we are indebted for the first collection of this writer's works. It may not however be unnecessary to add a few words, in order to compleat the short account given by that gentleman of so extraordinary a personage, who may be considered as the lite­rary phenomenon of the times, and whose ge­nius, if it had been properly fostered and en­couraged, might have carried English litera­ture [Page xvii] to as high a pitch as any author in the present century. One can scarce avoid draw­ing a parallel upon the present occasion, from the similarity of circumstances between our author and the great father of the English stage; the one obliged to cramp and abase his genius to the ideas and taste of a barbarous audience; the other, from necessity, compel­led to obey the mandates of the directers of our monthly publications, equally dog­matical, ignorant and insipid.

The former editor hath already set forth the few circumstances, relative to his au­thor, which he possessed in common, with other men. The time of his birth, and death; the names of his parents, his pro­fession, and the confined mode of his edu­cation, are all accurately stated. It is to be regretted, that he permitted, the sang­froid of the antiquary, to repress, that [Page xviii] warmth, which the excellence of his author might have been expected to excite; surely, that excellence demanded some few words of commendation: it is also to be lamented that he did not enter more minutely into the disposition and circumstances of one whom he could not but respect as an author, however he might dislike his chararacter, as a man: and here it must be confessed, Chatterton appears to us in the most un­favourab [...]e point of view. He possessed all the vices and irregularities of youth, and his profligacy was, at least, as conspicuous as his abilities. Although he was of a pro­fession which might be said to accelerate his pursuits in antiquities, yet so averse was he to that profession, that he could ne­ver overcome it. One of his first efforts, to emerge from a situation so irksome to him, was an application to a gentleman well known in the republic of letters; [Page xix] which unfortunately for the public, and him­self, met with a very cold reception; and which the disappointed author always spoke of with a high degree of acrimony, when­ever it was mentioned to him.

After his quitting Bristol, he was engaged to assist Mr. Northhook, in a history of London, then publishing in numbers, and, at the same time, was daily writing some piece for the magazines. Every effort ap­pears to have been insufficient to ward off the approach of poverty; and very soon after he settled in London, his distress be­came so great, that he meditated a design of going to Senegal. * This intention was never executed. He continued drudging for the booksellers a few months, when at last, oppressed with poverty and disease, in [Page xx] a fit of despair, he put an end to his exist­ence in the month of August 1770, with a dose of poison.

Such was the wretched life, and such the fatal end, of one who, had he not prema­turely finished his days, had bidden fair to do the highest honours to English litera­ture. The reader will anticipate every re­flection of regret which can be made upon this occasion; and while he sympathizes with the unfortunate, he will lament that one who is allowed to have been, as Mr. Warton expresses it, ‘"a prodigy of genius,"’ should, by the mere dint of distress, be tempted to rid himself of an insupportable existence. He will feel himself hurt at the idea that no notice should be taken of one who the last mentioned writer pronounces would have proved the first of English po­ets, had he reached a maturer age; and per­haps [Page xxi] he may feel some indignation against the person to whom his first application was made, and by whom he was treated with neglect and contempt. It were to be wish­ed that the public was fully informed of all the circumstances attending that unhappy application; the event of which deprived the world of works which might have con­tributed to the honour of the nation, as well as the comfort and happiness of their unfortunate author.

It is observed, by the elegant writer before quoted, that some of the verses con­tained in the following miscellany, which are those written by their author without any design to deceive, have been judged to be most astonishing productions by the first critic of the present age. After such a judgment it cannot be mentioned with­out exciting wonder, that writings which [Page] deserve such a character, should conti­nue undistinguished amidst the trash of monthly compilations. A striking simila­rity may be observed between them and their author, both having met with a fate very unworthy their merit, equally con­temned and despised; he, living and dying in obscurity; they, remaining neglected and almost unknown.

That they may hereafter stand a monu­ment of the application and abilities of an unfortunate man, untimely lost to himself and to the public, one who had a slight knowledge of him in his life time, but not enough to be acquainted with his merits, until too late, who considers the neglect which hath been shewn to these his acknow­ledged works, as an imputation on the taste and curiosity of the age, hath employed a few leisure hours in collecting the following [Page xxiii] miscellany, which he trusts, after such re­spectable opinions as are before quoted, will not require either excuse or apology, but on the contrary, will entitle him to the acknow­ledgments of those readers whose candour will induce them to applaud the marks of ge­nius which may be found herein, and at the same time make every due allowance for those imperfections which haste, or the un­happy circumstances in which many of them were written, would have given the author, had he been living, a title to expect and demand.

J. B.

To the Printer of the St. James's Chronicle.


AFTER the opinion which the reverend Mr. Thomas Warton has delivered, concerning the authenticity of the poems attributed to Row­ley, it may be expected that those who maintain a contrary doctrine, should publish some arguments in support of it. For my part I shall rather employ memory than sagacity on this subject, and have no weight to throw into either scale, except the fol­lowing parallels; observing at the same time, how extraordinary it is that so many coincidences should be discoverable between Shakespeare, Dryden, &c. and Rowley, whose name was never heard of till within these ten years past.

Now doeth Englonde weare a bloudie dresse,
And wyth her champyonnes gore her face de­peyncte.
Ecloque I. p. 5.

When I shall wear a garment all of blood,
And stain my favours in a bloody mask.
K. Henry IV. part I.

[Page xxv]

The tournament begynnes; the hammerrs sounde.
Tourn. p. 28.

The armourers accomplishing the knights
With clink of hammers closing rivets up, &c.
K. Henry V.
And teares beganne to flowe.
Syr C. Bawdin, p. 49.

And tears began to flow.
Dryden's Alexander's Feast.
The cruelle axe thatt cuttes thye necke
Ytte eke shall ende mye lyfe.
Syr C. Bawdin, p. 56.

For on the rope that hangs my dear
Depends poor Polly's life.
Beggar's Opera.
Whie art thou all that poyntelle canne bewreene?
Aella, p. 76.

Is she not more than painting can express?
Fair Penitent.
Botte thenn thie soughle woulde throwe thy vysage sheene.
Aella, p. 76.

Your noble sprytes
Speke yn youre eyne.
Ibidem. p. 123.

Your spirits shine through you.

[Page xxvi]

Without wommen, menne were pheeres
To salvage kynde.
Aella, p. 90.

Lovely woman! nature made thee
To temper man; we had been brutes without you.
Venice Preserv'd.
And there ynn ale and wyne bee dreyncted everych woe.
Aella, p. 93.

And drown in bowls the labours of the day.
Pope's Iliad, book XXI.
The reste from nethe tymes masque must shew yttes face.
Aella, p. 105.

Knavery's plain face is never seen till us'd.
Thou fyghtest anente maydens, and ne menne.
Aella, p. 110.

Philip fought men, but Alexander women.
Lee's Alexander.
Fen-vaipoures blaste thie everiche manlie powere.
Aella, p. 113.

Ye fen-suck'd fogs, drawn by the powerful sun
To fall and blast, &c.
K. Lear.

[Page xxvi]

Bee youre names blasted from the rolle of dome!
Aella, p. 114.

My name be blotted from the book of life!
K. Richard II.
Theie lepe ynto the sea, and bobblynge yield yer breathe.
Aella, p. 126.

Then plug'd into the stream with deep despair,
And her last sighs came bubbling up in air.
Dryden's Virgil, book XII.
O forr a spryte al feere!
Aella, p. 128.

O for a muse of fire!
K. Henry V.
Hylles of yer bowkes dyd ryse opponne the playne.
Aella, p. 130.

And thickening round him rise the hills of dead.
Pope's Iliad.
Blacke hys cryne as the wyntere nyghte,
Whyte his rode as the sommer snowe.
Aella, p. 136.

His beard as white as snow,
All flaxen was his pole.

[Page xxviii]

Mie love ys dedde,
Gone to hys death-bedde.
Aella, p. 136.

No, no, he is dead,
Gone to his death-bed.
Brynge me a stede wythe eagle wynges for flyghte.
Aella, p. 140.

Oh, for a horse with wings!
Yee goddes, how ys a loverres temper formed!
Sometymes the samme thynge wylle both bane and blesse.
Aella, p. 140.

With what unequal tempers are we form'd;
One day the soul, &c.
Fair Penitent.
Maie ne thie cross stone of thie cryme bewree!
Maie all menne ken thy valoure, fewe thie mynde!
Aella, p. 159.

Take thy praise with thee to Heaven,
Thy ignominy sleep with thee in the grave,
But not remember'd in thy epitaph.
K. Henry IV. part I.
Thys alleyn was unburled of alle my spryte:
Mie honnoure, &c.
[Page xxix] Mie hommeur yette somme drybblet joie maie fynde.
Aella, p. 166.

Had it pleas'd Heaven
To try me with affliction
I should have found in some part of my soul
A drop of patience.
Unburled, undelievre, unespryte.
Goddwyn, p. 179.

Unhousel'd, unappointed, unaneal'd.
To the skyes
The dailie contekes of the londe ascende.
The wyddowe, fahdrelesse and bondemennes cries,
Acheke the mokie aire, and Heaven astende.
Goddwyn, p. 180.

Every day
New widows howl, new orphans cry, new sorrows
Strike Heaven on the face.
Tenne bloddie arrowes ynne hys streynynge fyste.
Goddwyn, p. 195.

—In his right hand
Grasping ten thousand thunders.
Milton's Paradise Lost, book VI.
Their soules from corpses unaknell'd depart.
Battle of Hastings, p. 223.

Pope read unaknell'd for unaneal'd in

[Page xxx]

O, Chryste, it is a grief for me to telle.
Battle of Hastings, p. 210.

O, Christe, my very hart doth bleed.
Chevy Chase.
That he the sleeve unravels all theire fate.
Battle of Hastings, p. 218.

Ravell'd sleeve of care.
The grey-goose pynion, that thereon was sett
Estsoons wyth smokyng crymson bloud was wett.
Battle of Hastings, p. 219.

The grey-goose wing that was thereon.
In his heart's blood was wet.
Chevy Chase.
His noble soule came roushyng from the wounde.
Battle of Hastings, p. 227.

And the disdainful soul came rushing through the wound.
Dryden's Virgil, book XII.
While life and dethe strove for the masterrie.
Battle of Hastings, p. 230.

That death and nature do contend about them,
Whether they live or die.

[Page xxxi]

Like cloudes of carnage.
Battle of Hastings p. 251.

Clouds of Carnage blot the sun.
Gray's Ode.
He closd his eyne in everlastynge nyghte.
Battle of Hastings, p. 251.

Clos'd his eyes in endless night.
Gray's Ode.
Ah, what avayld the lyons on his creste!
Battle of Hastings, p. 251.

Ah, what avail his glossy varying dyes,
His purple crest, &c.
Pope's Windsor Forest.
As ouphant faieries, whan the moone sheenes bryghte,
In littel circles daunce upon the greene,
All living creatures slie far from their syghte,
Ne by the race of destinie be seen;
For what he be that ouphant faieries stryke,
Their soules will wander, &c.
Battle of Hastings, p. 232.

You moonshine revellers and shades of night,
You ouphen heirs of fixed destiny, &c.
—He who speaks to them shall die.
I'll wink and couch, no man their works must eye.
Merry Wives of Windsor, Warb. edit.

[Page xxxii] These parallel passages, Mr. Baldwin, occurred to me on casually looking over the poems imputed to Rowley; but some of your ingenius corre­spondents, who peruse them with greater attention, may furnish you with conformities continued through many particulars of superior consequence and notoriety.

I am, Sir, &c.


The following piece, being the first which is known of Chatterton's productions, we have placed it before the others in this collection, as it will afford some gratification to many readers to compare the earliest effort of his invention with the other works which he afterwards produced.

To the Printer of Farly's Bristol Journal.

The following description of the Fryars first passing over the old bridge, taken from an old manuscript, may not at this time be unacceptable to the generality of your readers.


ON Fridaie was the time fixed for passing the new-brydge. Aboute the time of tollynge the tenth clocke, Master Greggoire Dalbenye [Page 2] mounted on a fergreyne horse, informed Master Mouer all thynges were prepared, when two Bea­dils want fyrst streying stre. Next came a manne dressed up as follows, hose of gootskyne crinepart outwards, doublette & waiscoat, also over which a white robe without sleeves, much like an albe but not so long, reachinge but to his hands. A girdle of azure over his left shoulder, rechede also to his hands on the right & doubled back to his left, bucklynge with a goulden buckle dangled to his knee, thereby representinge a Saxon earlderman.

In his hands he bare a shield, the maistre of Gille a Brogton, who painted the same, repre­sentinge Sainte Warburgh crossinge the foord; then a mickle strong man in armour, carried a huge anlace, after whom came six claryons & six min­strels, who song the song of Sainte Warburgh. Then came Master Maier mounted on a white horse dight with sable trappyngs wrought about by the Nunnes of Saint Kenna, with gould and Silver, his hayre braded with ribbons & a chape­ron with the auntient armes of Bristowe fastened on his forehead. Master Mair bare in his hande a goulden rodde, & a congean squire bare in his hande, his helmet waulkinge by the syde of the horse. Then came the earlderman & city broders, [Page 3] mounted on sabyell horses dyght with white trap­pyngs & plumes & scarlet caps & chaperons having thereon sable plumes; after them, the preists & frears, parish mendicant & secular, some syng­ynge Sainte Warburghs songe, others soundynge clarions thereto & others some citrialles.

In thilke manner reachynge the brydge the manne with the anlace stode on the fyrst top of a mounde, yreed in the midst of the brydge, than went up the manne with the sheelde, after him the minstrels & clarions; and then the preestes & freeres all in white albes, making a most goodly shewe, the maier & earldermen standinge rounde, they songe with the sound of claryons, the songe of Sainte Baldwyne, which being done, the manne on the top threw with great myght his an­lace into the sea & the clarions sounded an auncient charge & forloyne. Then theie song again the song of Sainte Warburge, & proceeded up Xts hill to the crosse, where a Latin sermon was preached by Ralph de Blunderville, & with sound of clarion theye againe want to the brydge & there dined, spendynge the rest of the daye in sports & plaies, the freers of Sainte Augustyne doing the play of [Page 4] the knights of Brystow meekynge a great fire at night on Kynslate hill.*

See the preface to the volume of poems supposed to be written by Rowley, pag. 6, where Mr. Cateot's account of this paper is printed.


'TIS not for thee, O man! to murmur at the will of the Almighty. When the thun­ders roar, the lightnings shine on the rising waves, and the black clouds sit on the brow of the lofty hill; who then protects the flying deer, swift as a sable cloud, tost by the whistling winds, leaping over the rolling floods, to gain the hoary wood: whilst the lightnings shine on his chest, and the wind rides over his horns? When the wolf roars; terrible as the voice of the Severn; moving ma­jestic as the nodding forests on the brow of Mi­chel-stow; who then commands the sheep to fol­low the swain, as the beams of light attend upon the morning?—Know, O man! That God suffers not the least member of his work to perish, with­out answering the purpose of their creation. The evils of life, with some, are blessings: and the plant of death healeth the wound of the sword.—Doth the sea of trouble and affliction overwhelm thy soul, look unto the Lord, thou shalt stand [Page 6] firm in the days of temptation, as the lofty hill of Kinwulf; in vain shall the waves beat against thee; thy rock shall stand.

Comely as the white rocks; bright as the star of the evening; tall as the oak upon the brow of the mountain; soft as the showers of dew, that fall upon the flowers of the field, Ethelgar arose, the glory of *Exanceastre: noble were his ancestors, as the palace of the great Kenric; his soul, with the lark, every morning ascended the skies; and sported in the clouds: when stealing down the steep mountain, wrapt in a shower of spangling dew, evening came creeping to the plain, closing the flowers of the day, shaking her pearly sho­wers upon the rustling trees; then was his voice heard in the grove, as the voice of the nightingale upon the hawthorn spray; he sung the works of the Lord; the hollow rocks joined in his devo­tions; the stars danced to his song; the rolling years, in various mantles drest, confest him man.—He saw Egwina of the vale; his soul was asto­nished, as the Britons who fled before the sword of Kenric; she was tall as the towering elm; stately as a black cloud bursting into thunder; fair as the wrought bowels of the earth; gentle and [Page 7] sweet as the morning breeze; beauteous as the sun; blushing like the vines of the west; her soul as fair as the azure curtain of heaven. She saw Ethelgar; her soft soul melted as the flying snow before the sun. The shrine of St. Cuthbert united them. The minutes fled on the golden wings of bliss. Nine horned moons had decked the sky, when Aelgar saw the light; he was like a young plant upon the mountain's side, or the sun hid in a cloud; he felt the strength of his fire; and, swift as the lightnings of Heaven, pursued the wild boar of the wood. The morn awoke the sun; who, stepping from the mountain's brow, shook his ruddy locks upon the shining dew; Aelgar arose from sleep; he seized his sword and spear, and issued to the chace. As waters swiftly falling down a craggy rock, so raged young Aelgar thro' the wood; the wild boar bit his spear, and the fox died at his feet. From the thicket a wolf arose, his eyes flaming like two stars; he roared like the voice of the tempest; hunger made him furious, and and he fled like a falling meteor to the war. Like a thunderbolt tearing the black rock, Aelgar darted his spear through his heart. The wolf raged like the voice of many waters, and seizing Aelgar by by the throat, he sought the regions of the blessed.—The wolf died upon his body.—Ethelgar and [Page 8] Egwina wept.—They wept like the rains of the spring; sorrow sat upon them as the black clouds upon the mountains of death: but the power of God settled their hearts.

The golden sun arose to the highest of his po­wer; the apple perfumed the gale; and the juicy grape delighted the eye. Ethelgar and Egwi­na bent their way to the mountain's side, like two stars that move through the sky. The flowers grew beneath their feet; the trees spread out their leaves; the sun played upon the rolling brook; the winds gently passed along. Dark, pitchy clouds veiled the face of the sun; the winds roar­ed like the noise of a battle; the swift hail de­scended to the ground; the lightnings broke from the sable clouds, and gilded the dark brown cor­ners of the sky; the thunder shook the lofty moun­tains; the tall towers nodded to their foundations; the bending oaks divided the whistling wind; the broken flowers fled in confusion round the moun­tain's side. Ethelgar and Egwina sought the sa­cred shade, the bleak winds roared over their heads, and the waters ran over their feet. Swift from the dark cloud the lightning came; the skies blushed at the sight. Egwina stood on the brow of the lofty hill, like an oak in the spring; the light­nings [Page 9] danced about her garments, and the blasting flame blackened her face: the shades of death swam before her eyes; and she fell breathless down the black steep rock: the sea received her body, and she rolled down with the roaring water.

Ethelgar stood terrible as the mountain of Main­dip; the waves of despair harrowed up his soul, as the roaring Severn plows the sable sand; wild as the evening wolf, his eyes shone like the red vapors in the valley of the dead: horror sat upon his brow; like a bright star shooting through the sky, he plunged from the lofty brow of the hill, like a tall oak breaking from the roaring wind. Saint Cuthbert appeared in the air; the black clouds fled from the sky; the sun gilded the spang­ling meadows; the lofty pine stood still; the violets of the vale gently moved to the soft voice of the wind; the sun shone on the bubbling brook. The saint, arrayed in glory, caught the falling mortal; as the soft dew of the morning hangs upon the lofty elm, he bore him to the sandy beech, whilst the sea roared beneath his feet. Ethelgar opened his eyes, like the grey orbs of the morning, folding up the black mantles of the night—Know, O man! said the member of the blessed, to submit to the will of [Page 10] God; he is terrible as the face of the earth, when the waters sunk to their habitations; gentle as the sacred covering of the oak; secret as the bottom of the great deep; just as the rays of the morning. Learn that thou art a man, nor repine at the stroke of the Almighty, for God is as just as he is great. The holy vision disappeared as the atoms fly before the sun. Ethelgar arose, and bent his way to the college of Kenewalein; there he flourishes as a hoary oak in the wood of Arden.

D. B.


WHEN winter yelled through the leafless grove; when the black waves rode over the roaring winds, and the dark-brown clouds hid the face of the sun; when the silver brook stood still, and snow environed the top of the lofty mountain; when the flowers appeared not in the blasted fields, and the boughs of the leafless trees bent with the loads of ice; when the howling of the wolf affrighted the darkly glimmering light of the western sky; Kenrick, terrible as the tem­pest, young as the snake of the valley, strong as the mountain of the slain; his armour shining like the stars in the dark night, when the moon is veiled in sable, and the blasting winds howl over the wide plain; his shield like the black rock, prepared himself for war.

Ceolwolf of the high mountain, who viewed the first rays of the morning star, swift as the fly­ing deer, strong as a young oak, fierce as an even­ing [Page 12] wolf, drew his sword; glittering like the blue vapours in the valley of Horso; terrible as the red lightning, bursting from the dark-brown clouds: his swift bark rode over the foaming waves, like the wind in the tempest; the arches fell at his blow, and he wrapt the towers in flames; he fol­lowed Kenrick, like a wolf roaming for prey.

Centwin of the vale arose, he seized the massy spear; terrible was his voice, great was his strength; he hurled the rocks into the sea, and broke the strong oaks of the forest. Slow in the race as the minutes of impatience. His spear, like the fury of a thunderbolt, swept down whole armies; his enemies melted before him, like the stones of hail at the approach of the sun.

Awake, O Eldulph! Thou that sleepest on the white mountain, with the fairest of women; no more pursue the dark-brown wolf; arise from the mossy bank of the falling waters; let thy gar­ments be stained in blood, and the streams of life discolour thy girdle; let thy flowing hair be hid in a helmet, and thy beauteous countenance be writhed into terror.

[Page 13] Egward, keeper of the barks, arise like the roaring waves of the sea: pursue the black com­panies of the enemy.

Ye Saxons, who live in the air and glide over the stars, act like yourselves.

Like the murmuring voice of the Severn, swel­led with rain, the Saxons moved along; like a blazing star the sword of Kenrick shone among the Britons; Tenyan bled at his feet; like the red lightning of heaven he burnt up the ranks of his enemy.

Centwin raged like a wild boar. Tatward sported in blood, armies melted at his stroke. El­dulph was a flaming vapour, destruction sat upon his sword. Ceolwolf was drenched in gore, but fell like a rock before the sword of Mervin.

Egward pursued the slayer of his friend; the blood of Mervin smoked on his hand.

Like the rage of a tempest was the noise of the battle; like the roaring of the torrent, gushing from the brow of the lofty mountain.

[Page 14] The Britons fled, like a black cloud dropping hail, flying before the howling winds.

Ye virgins! arise and welcome back the pursu­ers; deck their brows with chaplets of jewels; spread the branches of the oak beneath their feet. Kenrick is returned from the war, the clotted gore hangs terrible upon his crooked sword, like the noxious vapours on the black rock; his knees are red with the gore of the foe.

Ye sons of the song, sound the instruments of music; ye virgins, dance around him.

Costan of the lake, arise, take thy harp from the willow, sing the praise of Kenrick, to the sweet sound of the white waves sinking to the foundation of the black rock.

Rejoice, O ye Saxons! Kenrick is victorious.


THE rose-crowned dawn dances on the top of the lofty hill. Arise, O Cerdick, from thy mossy bed, for the noise of the chariots is heard in the valleys.

Ye Saxons, draw the sword, prepare the flying dart of death: swift as the glancing sight meet the foe upon the brow of the hill, and cast the war­riors headlong into the roaring stream.

The swords of the Saxons appear on the high rock, like the lake of death reflecting the beams of the morning sun.

The Britons begin to ascend the ragged frag­ments of the shrinking rock: thick as the hail in the howling storm, driven down the mountain's side, the son of the tempest; the chariot, and the horse roll in confusion to the blood-stained vale.

[Page 16] Sons of war, descend, let the river be swelled with the smoaking streams of life, and the moun­tain of the slain ascend to the stars.

They fall beneath the spear of Cerdick.

Sledda is a flame of fire. Kenbert scatters the never-erring shaft of death. Aelle is a tempest, a cloud bursting in blood, a winter's wind blast­ing the soul: his knees are encircled with life­warm gore, his white robe is like the morning sky. Ceaulin's spear is exalted like the star of the evening; his fallen enemies rise in hills around him.

The actions of Cerdick astonish the soul; the foe is melted from the field, and the gods have lost their sacrifice.

Cerdick leans upon his spear, he sings the praises of the gods: let the image be filled with the bo­dies of the dead, for the foe is swept away like purple bloom of the grape, no more to be seen. The sacred flames ascend the clouds, the warriors dance around it. The evening slowly throws her dusky vale over the face of the sun.

[Page 17] Cerdick arose in his tent.

Ye sons of war, who shake the silver javelin and the pointed shield, arise from the soft slumbers of the night, assemble to council at the tent of Cer­dick.

From the dark-brown spring, from the verdant top of the impending rock, from the flowery vale, and the coppiced heath, the chiefs of the war arose.

Graceful as the flower that overlooks the silver stream, the mighty Cerdick stood among the war­riors: attention seals up their lips.

Why will ye sleep, ye Saxons, whilst the hang­ing mountain of fortune trembles over our heads; Let us gird on the reeking sword, and wrap in flame the town of Doranceastre: strong as the foundation of the earth, swift as the impetuous stream, deadly as the corrupted air, sudden as the whirlwind piercing to the hidden bed of the sea, armed in the red lightnings of the storm, will we come upon the foe. Prepare the sword and shield, and follow the descendant of Woden.

[Page 18] As when the sable clouds incessantly descend in rivers of rain to the wood-crowned hills, the foundation of the ground is loosened, and the forest gently slides to the valley, such was the ap­pearance of the warriors, moving to the city of Doranceastre: the spears appeared like the stars of the black night, their spreading shields like the evening sky.

Turn your eyes, O ye Saxons, to the distant mountain: on the spreading top a company is seen; they are like the locusts of the East, like a dark-brown cloud expanding in the wind: they come down the hills like the stones of hail; the javelin nods over the helm; death sports in their shadows. They are children of Woden: see the god of battle fans the air, the red sword waves in their banner. Ye sons of battle, wait their ap­proach, let their eyes be feasted with the chaplets of victory.

It is Kenrick! I see the lightning on his shield! his eyes are two stars, his arm is the arrow of death! he drinks the blood of the foe, as the rays of the summer sun drink the softly stealing brook: he moves like the moon, attended by the [Page 19] stars; his blood-stained robe flies around him, like the white clouds of the evening, tinged with the red beams of the sinking sun.

See the chaplet hangs on his helm: shade him, O ye sons of war, with the pointed shield.

Kenrick approaches; the shields of the brave hang over his head. He speaks; attention dances on the ear.

Son of Woden, receive a conquering son; the bodies of the slain rise in mountains; the ashes of the towns choak up the river; the roaring stream of Severn is filled with the slaughtered sons of thunder; the warriors hang upon the cliffs of the red rocks; the mighty men, like the sacrifice of yesterday, will be seen no more; the briars shall hide the plain; the grass dwell in the desolate ha­bitation; the wolf shall sleep in the palace, and the fox in the temple of the gods; the sheep shall wander without a shepherd, and the goats be scat­tered in the high mountains, like the surrows on the bank of the swelling slood; the enemies are swept away; the gods are glutted with blood, and peace arises from the solitary grove.

[Page 20] Joy wantons in the eye of Cerdick. By the powers that send the tempest, the red lightning, and roaring thunder; by the God of war, whose delight is in blood, and who preys upon the souls of the brave; by the powers of the great deep, I swear that Kenrick shall sit on my throne, guide the sanguine spear of war, and the glittering sceptre of peace.

Cerdick girds his son with the sword of royalty: The warriors dance around him; the clanging shields echo to the distant vales; the fires ascend the skies; the town of Doranceastre increases the flame, and the great image is red with the blood of the captives: the cries of the burning soe are drowned in the songs of joy; the ashes of the image are scattered in the air, the bones of the foe are broken to dust.

Great is the valour of Cerdick, great is the strength of Kenrick.

D. B.


Composed by DOPNAL SYRRIC Scheld of Godred Crovan; King of the Isle of Man.

ARISE, O son of Harald the Black, for the son of Syrric sleeps upon the mountain, under the mossy rock; prepare thy silver lance, shake the clotted gore of the wolf from thy spreading shield; Fingal of the brown lake, whose sword divides the lofty pine, whose spear is ever moist with the blood of the slain, will assist thy arm. Cullisin who sleeps on the brow of the mountain, whose feet are swift as the days of mirth, will draw forth his troops from the forest. The lions of the plain, Morvor and Essyr, will swell thy army, as the falling rain swells the silver brook: they wait for thy presence, as the brown meadow for the spring; they will shoot out in blood, and blossom in victory.

[Page 22] Godred Crovan, son of Harald the Black, whose name has put to flight armies, arise.

Godred arose; he met the chiefs on the plain; they sat down, and feasted till the evening: there sat Cochlin with the long spear, whose arm is a thunderbolt: on the banks of the sea he fought an host, and rained blood on the plain of Mervor: brown is his face as the sun-burnt heath; strong his arm as the roaring sea: he shook his black locks like clouds tossed by the winds: he sings the song of joy. Godwin of the rushy plain lay upon the skin of the wolf; his eyes are stars, his blows are lightning. Tatwallin sat by his side, he sung sweet as the birds of spring, he fought like the angry lion.

O Tatwallin! sing the actions of Harold the Swift.

Tatwallin arose from his seat, the horn of mirth graced his right-hand.

Hear, ye sons of blood, whilst the horn of mirth is refreshing your souls, the actions of Ha­rald the Swift.

[Page 23]

"The wolf of Norway beat his anlace on his silver shield; the sons of war assembled around him: Swain of the cleft-hill shook the spear on his left; and Harald the Black, the lion of Iceland, on his right, dyed in gore. Fergus of the spreading hills was cased in black armour; his eyes shone with rage, his sword sported with the beams of the sun.

"Warriors, said the chief of the host, let us as­sault the foe; swift as the hawk let us fly to the war; strong as the bull, fierce as the wolf, will we rage in the fight: the followers of Harold, the son of Godwin, shall melt away as the summer clouds; they shall fall like the flowers of the field; their souls will fade with the blasting of our va­lour.

"Swain prepares for war; he sounds the bra­zen helmet, his followers lift high the deadly spear.

"The son of Godwin appears on the bridge, his banner waves in the wind; like a storm he scattered the troops of Swain.

"Edmund shot the arrows of death.

[Page 24] "Madded by defeat, Swain plunged into his band: the sword of Edmund sounded on his hel­met; their silver shields were heard upon the stream: the sword of Edmund sunk to the heart of the son of Egwin; he bit the bloody sand at his feet.

"Harald the Black stood on the bridge, he swelled the river with gore: he divides the head of Edmund, as the lightning tears the top of the strong rock: armies melted before him, none can withstand his rage. The son of Godwin views him from the hill of death; he seized the flaming ban­ner, and sounds the silver shield.

"Girth, Leofric, and Morcar, pillars of the war, fly to his shadow: with a troop of knights, fierce as evening wolves, they beset Harald the Black; like a tempest they rage, like a rock he re­pels their assault: hills of the slain arise before him, the course of the stream is turned aside.

"Warriors, said the son of Godwin, though we rage like a tempest, like a rock he repels our assault. Morcar, let one of thy knights descend beneath the bridge, and pierce him through the back with a spear.

[Page 25] "Selwyn, swift as a salling meteor, shot beneath the wave; the sharp spear pierces through the back of Harald the Black; he falls like a mountain in an earthquake; his eyes shot fire, and his teeth gnash­ed with rage: he dies.

"The hopes of Norway are no more; Harold the Swift led his troops to the bridge; they started at the sight of the mighty body, they wept, they sled.

"Thee, Godred, only thee! of all the thou­sands of the war, prepared thy sword for battle; they dragged thee from the field.

"Great was the sorrow of the sons of Norway."

Tatwallin ended his song, the chiefs arose from the green plain; they assemble their troops on the banks of Lexy.

Ceormond, with the green spear, martialled his band: he deduced his lineage from Woden, and displayed the shield of Penda. Strong as the tower of Pendragon on the hill, furious as the souls of the unburied warriors; his company were all chiefs. [Page 26] Upon the high hills he encountered Moryon; like dashing waves, they rushed to the war; their swords rained blood to the valley beneath. Moryon, wild as the winter's wind, raged in the fight; the pointed javelin quivered in his breast, he rolled down the high hill. Son of Woden, great was thy might, by thy hand the two sons of Osmor fell to the valley.

How are thy warriors stretched upon the bank of the Lexy, like willows!

Ealward, of the brown rock, who dyes his an­lace in the blood of the wolves of the hill, whose spear, like a star, blasts the souls of the foe; see he sleeps with the chiefs upon the skin of the wolf; the battle is raging in his fancy; he grasps the bloody spear; his enemies fly before him; joy and rage dance on his brow: thus sleeping, he is as the sun slightly covered with a cloud.

Dugnal, who inhabits the isles, whose barks are swifter than the wind, stands on the bank of the stream; his eyes are bent on the spangling wave; his hands press the silver-headed spear; he is a lion in the war, in the council wise as the ancient priests.

[Page 27] Wilver stands on the right-hand of Godred; he is a rock, unmoved by the tempest of war.

Lagman is a young oak; he flourishes in the heat of the glory of his fire: the warriors are like the stars of the winter night.

The noise of a multitude is heard from the hills: Godred sets his troops in order for war; they are seen on the brow of the hill. Many are the foes of Godred; great is the courage of his warriors.

Raignald of the isles attends the chiefs of his foes; his arm is strong as the flourishing oak; his wisdom deep as the black lake; his swift ships slew over the waves; he defied to battle the prince of the mountains.

Bladdyn fell by his hand; he burnt the palace of the wood: the horn, embossed with gold, gra­ced his spoils; he returned to his castle over a sea of blood.

Dunhelm bears the banner of the foe; he is the dragon of the mossy plain; he kept the water of the seven springs. Wynfylt, and his warriors, sought [Page 28] to bear away the water in the horn of hospitality. Dunhelm arose from his strong fort; his anlace glittered over his head.

Children of the hills, said the son of Olave, restore the water to the gently-running stream.

The son of Meurig answered not: the anlace of Dunhelm divided his head; his blows fell like the stones of hail, when the loud winds shake the top of the lofty tree; the warriors fled like the clouds of night, at the approach of the sun.

Elgar, from the borders of Northumberland, was among the enemies of Godred Crovan, son of Ha­rald the Black: he led his troop down the hill, and began the fight with Ospray: like the raging of the lake of blood, when the loud winds whistle over the sharp cliffs of the rock, was the noise of the battle.

Summerled rose in the sight like the rays of the morning; blood beamed about him; his helmet sell from his head; his eyes were like the lights upon the billows.

Octha, who fought for Godred, opposed the pas­sage of his rage: his shield was like the rising sun, [Page 29] his spear the tower of Mabyn: the spear of Sum­merled sounded on the shield of Octha; he heard the shrill cry of joy, as the broken weapon fell to the ground: his sword fell upon the shoulder of Summerled; he gnashed his teeth, and died.

Ospray, like a lion, ravages the band of Elgar. Octha follows behind him, dying his long white robe in blood.

Elgar flies to the son of Vorti; his spear sounds upon his helmet; the sword of Octha divides the shield of Elgar: the Northumbrian warrior retires to his band. Dunhelm drives his long spear through the heart of Octha; he falls to the ground. Wilver sets his foot upon his breathless corpse, and buries him beneath the bodies of the foe.

Raignald, with his band, flies to the relief of Dunhelm: the troops of Wilver and Ospray slowly retire. Dunhelm falls by the javelin of an un­known warrior; so falls the eagle by the arrow of the child.

Raignald rages like the fires of the mountain; the troops of Dugnal and Ceormond melt before him.

[Page 30] Dugnal lifts high his broad shield against the breast of Raignald; his sword hangs over his head: the troops of Raignald retire with their chief. Ealward, and the son of Harald the Black, fly to the war: the foe retire before them. Raignald encourages his men: like an eagle he rages in the fight.

The troops of Godred halt; the bands of Dugnal and Ceormond forsake their leaders.

Godred retires to the bank of the Lexy; the foe followed behind, but were driven back with shame. On the bank of the Lexy the warriors are scattered like broken oaks.

Godred sounds the silver shield; the chiefs as­semble round his tent.

Let us again to the war, O chiefs, and drive the foe over the mountains.

They prepare for war; Dugnal leads the wolves of the isle; with a loud voice they began the fight. Ealward falls by the sword of Raignald. Cullifin scatters the javelins of fate. Fingal rages in the fight, but sell by the sword of Elgar.

[Page 31] Cochlin heard the dying groans of his friend; his sword pierced the heart of Elgar, he fell upon the body of Fingal.

Morvor and Essyr raged like sons of blood, thousands fell around them. Godwin scattered slaughter through the host of the soe. Tatwallin sweeps down the chief of the battle; like the noise of torrents rolling down the high mountains, is the noise of the fight; the feet of the warriors are wet with blood; the sword of Cochlin is broken, his spear pierces through the foe like lightning through the oak: the chiefs of Godred fill the field with the bodies of the dead: the night ap­proaches, and victory is undecided: the black clouds bend to the earth, Raignald and Godred both retire.

The chiefs of Godred assembled at the tent of council: Tatwallin, arose and sung,

"When the flowers arose in the verdant mea­dows, when the birds of spring were heard in the grove of Thor, the son of Victa prepared his knights for war; strong as the mossy tomb of Ursic were the warriors he had chose for his band; they issued out to the war. Wecca shook the crooked anlace at their head.

[Page 32] "Halt, said the son of Victa, let the troops stand still: still as the silent wood, when the winds are laid asleep, the Saxons stood on the spreading plain.

"Sons of blood! Said the immortal Wecca, the foe against whom we must fight are stronger than the whole power of our king; let the son of Henna, with three hundred warriors, be hid in the dark­brown wood; when the enemy faint in the battle, let them spread themselves like the bursting cloud, and rain a shower of blood; the foe will be wea­kened, astonished, and fly.

"The warriors held their broad shields over the head of the son of Victa; they gave him the chap­let of victory, and sang the song of joy.

"Hennack, with the flower of the war, retired to the dark-brown wood: the sun arose arrayed in garments of blood; Wecca led his men to the bat­tle: like bears they raged in the fight; yet the enemy fled not, neither were they moved: the fight continued till noon; the troops of the son of Victa fought like the dragons of the mountain, the foe sainted, they were weakened, yet they fled not.

[Page 33] "The son of Henna drew forth his band to the plain; like a tempest they fell upon the foe; they were astonished; they fled.

"Godred Crovan, son of Harald the Black, the lion of Iceland, and all the warriors who fight in his cause, let us pursue the same method; let the mountain of Secafull conceal Dugnal and three hundred chosen warriors from the eyes of Raig­nald; when he is spent in the fight, let them issue to the war."

Godred arose from his throne, he led Tatwallin to a seat at his right-hand.

Dugnal prepares his troop; sing, O Tatwallin, the actions of Hengist and Horsa.

Tatwallin arose from his seat:

"When the black clouds stooped below the tops of the high hills, when the wolf came forth from the wood, when the branches of the pine perished, when the yews only smiled upon the russet-heath, the sons of Woden led the furious warriors to the bank of the swift stream; there [Page 34] sat the horse of the hill, whose crooked sword shone like the star of the evening.

"Peada was the banner of the hills: when he waved his golden torce upon the bodies of the slain, the hearts of his companions beamed with victory: he joined the numerous bands of the sons of Wo­den; like a swelling stream they enter the borders of the land of Cuccurcha.

"Locca of the brown valley sounds the shield; the king of Urrin hears the sound, he starts from his seat: assemble the lions of war, for the enemy are upon the borders.

"Sons of Morven, upon whose shields are seen the hawk and the serpent, swift as the wind fly to the warriors of Abon's stream: sons of war, pre­pare the spreading shield, the sword of fire, the spear, the azure banner made sacred by the God.

"Cuccurcha issues to the war, as an enemy's wolf to the field.

"Selward, whose face is a summer cloud, gleaming with the recent lightning of the storms, shakes the broad anlace.

[Page 35] "Eadgar and Emmieldred, sons of the mighty Rovan, who discomfitted Osniron with his steeds of fire, when the god of war, the blood stained Woden, pitched his tent on the bank of the wide lake, are seen in the troop.

"Creadda, whose feet are like those of the horse, lifts high the silver shield.

"On the plain, near the palace of Frica, he en­countered with Egward; their swords rained blood, shields echoed to the valley of slaughter.

"These were the warriors of Cuccurcha, the lions of the war.

"Hengist and Horsa met them on the sandy plain; the shafts of death clouded the sun, swift as the ships of Horsa, strong as the arm of Suchullin: Peada ravaged the band of Cuccurcha like a mountain. Eadgar sustained the blow of Hengist; great was the fury of Emmieldred, his spear divided the broad shield, his anlace sunk into the heart: the sword of Anyoni pierced the breast of Cuccurcha, he fell like an oak to the plain.

[Page 36] "Creadda rages in the battle, he is a wild boar of the wood: the anlace of Horsa sounds on his round helm, he gnashes his teeth, he churns the smoaking gore, he dies. Locca reclines on his long spear, he is wearied with dealing death among his foes: the anlace of Hengist alights on his back, he falls to the ground.

"The men of Urrin sled to the forest: the lions of war, Hengist and Horsa, throw the spears of flight; they burn up the souls of the flying foe; the great image is red with blood; the flame lights the stars; the moon comes forth to grace the feast; the chaplet of victory hangs on the brow of the warriors."

Tatwallin ended his song,

The morning crept from the mountains, Dug­nal with his troops retired to the forest on the mountain of Scoafull.

Godred Crovan, son of Harald the Black, the lion of Iceland, prepares for battle. Raignald came down to the plain: long was the fight and bloody.

[Page 37] Godred Crovan beat his anlace on the shield; the warriors upon the mountain heard the sound of the silver shield; swift as the hunted stag they fly to the war, they hear the noise of the battle, the shout of the onset swells in the wind, the loud din of the war increases, as the thunder rolling from afar; they fly down the mountains, where the fragments of the sharp rock are scattered around; they ascend like the vapours, folding up the high hill, upon the borders of Osloch; their helmets sweep the dawn of the morning; the saffron light shines on the broad shield; through the dark dells they cut a passage, through the dells where the beams of the sun are never seen.

On the rushy moor of Rossin they astonish the foe, and join in the war.

There fought Godred Crovan, death sat on his sword, the yelling breath of the dying foe shook his banner; his shield, the stream of Lexy, which urrounds the dark-brown wood, and shines at the noon of day; his anlace dropped blood, and tore through the helmets of the foe like the red light­ning of the storm.

[Page 38] Dugnal, chief of the mountain warriors, who drove Rygwallon from his chariot of war, lifted his shield and spear through the heart of Morval; the weapon persorated, he yelled like a wolf of the mountain, he died.

Weolmund, of the white rock, arose in the fight; like the fires of the earth he burnt up the ranks of the foe; his spear a blasted oak, his shield the sea when the winds are still, he appeared a hill, on whose top the winter snow is seen, and the summer sun melts it up: victory sat on his hel­met, death on his anlace.

Wilver, who supports the tottering rocks, who flies like the bird of summer over the plain, shakes the crooked sword as he rages upon the hills of the slain, and is red with living gore: the spears of the foe are gathered about him, the sharp javelins sound on his shield; he looks around the field, the savage Edwin flies to his aid; like two wolves they rage in the war, their shields are red with blood.

The bear of the north throws his lance: the fur­clad Godard Syrric displays his starry shield, the [Page 39] chiefs fall at his feet, he rises on the breast of Rynon, storms of blood surround his sword, blood flows around him.

When the storm rages in the sky, the torrents roll to the plain, the trees of the wood are borne away, the castle falls to the ground, such was the fury of the fight on the moor of Rossin: the chiefs fell, our foes halt, they fly swift as the clouds of winter. Ospray throws the spear of Chaso; swift as their fear he flies to the pursuit; the soul of Godred melted, he rolled the blue banner, wrought with gold, round the crimson stream: his warriors dance around him, they sing the song of Harald the Black; they hail him king; the golden sandal is thrown over his helmet. May the Gods grant this war for empire be his last.

THE HIRLAS, Translated from the ancient British of OWEN CYFELIOG, Prince of Powys.

ERE the sun was seen on the brow of the mountain, the clanging shields were heard in the valley: our enemies were apalled at the sound. The red armour of our warriors glittered till the noon of day. The foe fled from the bor­ders; they fell in the chace like stones of hail; they panted like hunted wolves.

Let the Hirlas of Rhys overflow like the waters of the great river.

Where the golden banners declare the valour of Rhys, had the horn of hospitality long been used: it relieved the warriors, who fainted in the chace, and the traveller whose habitation is beyond the white mountains.

[Page 41] Bring here, O cupbearer, the carved Hirlas of mirth, which glows with livid gold: let the spark­ling mead slow around it.

Gwgwyn, prince of my table, son of mighty men, thine are the first honours of the Hirlas; small is the gift of gratitude; great were thy ser­vices. When thy ancestors stood in the fight, victory stood with them; loud were their voices in the battle, as the hygra of their charge.

Fill the golden Hirlas of mirth; attend to the merits of the warriors, lest they revenge on thee the disgrace of their honour.

See Gryffydh, with his uplifted crimson spear, expects it; he is the bulwark of the borders: sprung from Cynfyll and the dragons of the hill; his name shall ever live in the songs of the bards. As refreshed with the drink of mirth, his atten­dants fought, furious as the battle of the champions of the valley. Whilst the tomb of Pendragon shall stand on the hill, his same shall remain in the song.

Fill up the Hirlas to Eadnyfed, who sits like a god upon his broken armour: like a tempest he [Page 42] fell upon the shields of his foes: near Gyrthyn he slew an host.

The distant nations heard the noise of the battle of Maelor; the sound of the shields was heard in the mountains. Dreadful was the conflict as that of Bangor, when the warriors were trod to the ground. The princes fled: Morach beat the earth with his feet: Morvran fled over the mountain.

Fill up the golden Hirlas. Let the mead be borne to Sylliw, defender of our coast; to the lion of war, the son of Madoc; fierce as a wolf in the fight; soft as the mossy bed in peace.

To the sons of Essyner, bear it next: strong as two rocks they raged in the fight; the bravest champion falls before them; like storms they pierce the targets of the foe, sweeping down the multitude as the loud billows sweep the sand.

Fill up the badge of honour. To Tudor bear the golden Hirlas. Now to Moreiddeg, who, with his brother, assisted our cause: valour set [Page 43] upon their brows; like wolves they sought for blood. These are my chiefs.

Let the golden Hirlas go round to the seat of Morgan, whose name shall be heard in the songs of our children: the sight of his useless sword blasted my soul.

Fill up the badge of honour, the golden Hirlas. To Gronwys bear it; astonished I saw him stand like a rock on the spreading plain of Giveshun; he sustained the assault of an army. Upon the sandy bank of the sea his attendants did wonders. The chief of the foe was burnt in the fire of his rage, and the gleanings of the sword were lost in the stream.

In the heat of the battle, the son of Gryffydh burst his chains; Menrig again raged in the war. When the sun sat on the hill, we sung the song of victory.

Fill the Hirlas of mirth to all the chiefs of Oweyn, who are the wolves of the mountain. Ma­doc and Meyler are in soul one; they are our castles. The warriors of the hill stood round their chief, [Page 44] strong as the spear of Uther, swift in pursuit as the vapours of the night.

Fill the Hirlas with mead. Let us drink to the honour of the warriors, who fell in the war.

Bear it to Daniel, beauteous as the verdure of the forest, savage as the prowling wolf.

O cupbearer! great is thy service, in displaying the merits of the warrior; if thou hast not heard his fame, his spear flies to thy breast, and his fol­lowers drink thy blood.

Whilst the lamps of joy are burning, let the Hirlas go round to the warriors who fought at Llydcomb; they fought with the rage of lions; the mead is their due: they defended Cwrys.

Let the Hirlas go round. May the Ruler of all send us liberty and life.

D. B.


THE loud winds whistled through the sacred grove of Thor; far over the plains of Dena­nia, were the cries of the spirits heard. The howl of Hubba's horrid voice swelled upon every blast, and the shrill shriek of the fair Locabara, shot through the midnight-sky.

Gorthmund slept on his couch of purple; the blood of the slain was still on his cruel hand: his helmet was stained with purple, and the banner of his father was no more white. His soul shud­dered at the howl of Hubba, and the shrill shriek of Locabara: he shook like the trembling reed, when the loud tempest rolls the foaming flood over the pointed rocks: pale was his face as the eglantine, which climbs the branches of the slowery bramble. He started from his couch: his black locks stood upright on his head, like the spears which stand round the tent of the warriors, when the silver moon spangles on the tranquil lake.

[Page 46] Why wilt thou torment me, Hubba; it was not by my hand that the sword drank thy blood. Who saw me plunge the dagger to the heart of Loca­bara? No! Nardin of the forest was far away. Cease, cease, thy shrieks; I cannot bear them. On thy own sword thou hast thy death; and the fair virgin of the hills fell beneath the rage of the mountains. Leave me, leave me: witness Hel,* I knew not Locabara, I forced her not to my em­braces; no, I slew her not; she fell by the mountaincers. Leave me, leave me, O soul of Hubba!

Exmundbert, who bore the silver shield of Gorthmund, flew from his downy couch, swift as [Page 47] the rumour of a coming host. He struck the gol­den cup, and the king of the flying warriors awakened from his dream of terror. Exmund­bert, is he gone? Strike the silver shield, call up the sons of battle, who sleep on the mossy banks of Frome. But stay, 'tis all a vision; 'tis over and gone as the image of Woden, in the evening of a summer-day. Hence to thy tent, I will sleep a­gain.

Gorthmund doubled his purple robe, and slept again.

Loud as the noise of a broken rock breaking down the caverns of Seoggeswaldscyre*, was the voice of Hubba heard: sharp as the cry of the bird of death at the window of the wounded warrior, [Page 48] when the red rays of the morning rise breaking from the east, and the soul of the sick is flying away with the darkness, was the shriek of Locabara. Rise from thy couch, Gorthmund, thou wolf of the evening. When the sun shines in the glory of the day; when the labouring swain dances in the wood-land shade; when the sparkling stars glim­mer in the azure of the night, and contentment sleeps under the rustic roof, thou shalt have no rest. Thine are the bitter herbs of affliction; for thee shall the wormwood shed its seed on the blossoms of the blooming flower, and imbitter with its fall­ing leaves the waters of the brook. Rise, Gorth­mund, rise, the Saxons are burning thy tents: rise, for the Mercians are assembled together, and thy ar­mies will be slain with the sword, or burnt in the image of *Tewisk. The god of victory shall be red with thy blood, and they shall shout at the sa­crifice. Rise, Gorthmund, thy eyes shall be closed in peace no more.

[Page 49] The king of the swift warriors started from his couch: he shook like an oak through which the lightnings have cut their rapid way; his eyes rolled like the lights on the Saxons barks, in the tempest of the dark and black night.

Exmundbert flew to his chief: he struck the silver shield. Sueno of the dark lake, and the black haired Lecolwin, caught the lance and the shield, and prest into the royal tent.

Warriors strike the shields of alarm; the Mer­cians are assembled together, the Saxons are burn­ing our tents: give the cry of war, and issue to the battle: come upon them by the side of the thick wood, near the city of *Reggacester. Lift the banner Reafan; and he is a worshipper of false gods who with-holds his sword from blood. The silver shield resounded to the wood of Sel, and the great island trembled at the clamorous noise.

[Page 50] Delward of the strong arm, and Ax-bred of the forest of wolves, led the warriors to the thick wood: but quiet was the forest as the tranquil lake, when the winds sleep on the tops of the lofty trees. The inhabitants of Reggacester slept in the strength of their walls. The leaders returned.

There is no enemy near, O king: still as the ha­bitation of the dead, are the kingdoms around us: they have felt the strength of thy arm, and will no more rise up to oppose us. As the grass falls by the hand of the mower, so shall they fall before us, and be no more. The banner Reafan shall be ex­alted, and the seven gods of the Saxons be trampled in the dust. Let the armies of the north rejoice, let them sacrifice to the gods of war, and bring out the prisoners, for the * feast of blood. The war­riors threw down the lance, and the shield, and the axe of battle: the plates of brass dropped from their shoulders; and they danced to the [Page 51] sound of the * instrument of sacrifice. Confused as the cry of the fleet dogs when the white bear is pursued over the mountains of the north: confused as the resolutions of terror was the noise of the war­riors. They danced till the mantle of midnight ascended from the earth.

The morning shook the dew from her crown of roses, on the yellow locks of the dancers; and the gleams of light shot through the dark grey sky, like the reeking blood over the shield of steel. See, warriors, a dark cloud sits on the mountain's brow, it will be a tempest at noon, and the heavy rains will fall upon us. Yes, ye Danes, it will be a tempest, but a tempest of war: it will rain, but in showers of blood. For the dark cloud is [Page 52] the army of Segowald: he leads the flower of the warriors of Mercia, and on his right hand is the mighty son of battle, the great Sigebert, who leads the warriors of Wessex.

The dance was ended; and the captives of sacrifice bound to the sacred tree: they panted in the pangs of death.

Sudden from the borders of the wood, was the alarm given: and the silver shield rouzed the sun from behind the black clouds. The archers of the sacrifice dropped the bow, and caught the lance and the shield. Confusion spread from watch-tower to watch-tower, and the clamour rung to the distant hills.

Gorthmund raged like a wild boar, but he raged in vain: his whole army was disordered, and the cry of war was mixed with the yell of re­treat.

[Page 53] Segowald came near with his Mercians on the right-hand: and the great Sigebert led the Saxons round the thick wood.

The Danes rage like the tempest of winter, but the Mercians stand firm as the grove of oaks on the plains of §Ambroisburgh: great is the strength of the swift warriors of the north, but their troops are broken, and out of the order of battle.

The Saxons, with the great Sigebert, have in­circled the wood; they rage in the fight like wolves. The Danes are pressed on all sides; they fly like the leaves in autumn before the strong wind.

Gorthmund scorns to fly; he is descended from the son of battle, L'achollan, whose sword put to flight the armies of Moeric, when the sun was covered with a mantle of blood, and darkness descended upon the earth at noon day. He bears upon his arm the shield of Lofgar, the keeper of the [Page 54] castle of Teigne. Lofgar never fled, though the lances of the foe flew about him numerous as the winged ants in summer. Lofgar never fled, though the warriors of the mountains hurled the rocks upon him in the valley, when he fought for the shield of Penda: and should Gorthmund fly, Gorthmund, whose sword was his law, who held justice in his banner?

Segowald sought Gorthmund: he found him singly encountering an army.

Turn to me, son of Lofgar; I am Segowald of the lake hast thou not heard of my fame in battle? When the army of Hengist panted on the dark-brown heath, I cheared them to the war; and the banner of victory waved over my head. Turn thy arms upon me, Gorthmund, I am worthy thy strength.

The son of Lofgar rushed to the son of Alder­wold: they fought like the children of destruction on the plain of Marocan. Gorthmund fell. He fell, like the mountain boar beneath the arrow of the hunter.

[Page 55] As the shades of death danced before his eyes, he heard the yell of Hubba, and the shrill shriek of Locabara: Thou art fallen, thou son of inju­stice, thou art fallen; thy shield is degraded in the dust; and thy banner will be honoured no more! Thy swift warriors are fled over the plain, as the driving sheep before the wolf. Think, Gorthmund, think on Hubba, the son of Crine­walch of the green hill. Think on Locabara, whom thy sword sent to the regions of death. Remember thy injustice and die.


RECITE the loves of Narva and Mored
The priest of Chalma's triple idol said.
High from the ground the youthful warriors sprung,
Loud on the concave shell the lances rung:
In all the mystic mazes of the dance,
The youths of Banny's burning sands advance,
Whilst the soft virgin panting looks behind,
And rides upon the pinions of the wind:
Ascends the mountains brow, and measures round
The steepy cliffs of Chalma's sacred ground.
Chalma, the god whose noisy thunders fly
Thro' the dark covering of the midnight sky.
Whose arm directs the close-embattled host,
And sinks the labouring vessels on the coast.
Chalma, whose excellence is known from far;
From Lupa's rocky hill to Calabar.
The guardian god of Afric and the isles,
Where Nature in her strongest vigour smiles;
Where the blue blosson of the forky thorn,
Bends with the nectar of the op'ning morn:
[Page 57] Where ginger's aromatic, matted root,
Creep through the mead, and up the mountains shoot.
Three times the virgin, swimming on the breeze,
Danc'd in the shadow of the mystic trees:
When, like a dark cloud spreading to the view,
The first-born sons of war and blood pursue;
Swift as the elk they pour along the plain;
Swift as the flying clouds distilling rain.
Swift as the boundings of the youthful roe,
They course around, and lengthen as they go.
Like the long chain of rocks, whose summits rise,
Far in the sacred regions of the skies;
Upon whose top the black'ning tempest lours,
Whilst down its side the gushing torrent pours,
Like the long cliffy mountains which extend
From Lorbar's cave, to where the nations end,
Which sink in darkness, thick'ning and obscure,
Impenetrable, mystic and impure;
The flying terrors of the war advance,
And round the sacred oak, repeat the dance.
Furious they twist around the gloomy trees,
Like leaves in autumn, twirling with the breeze.
So when the splendor of the dying day
Darts the red lustre of the wat'ry way;
[Page 58] Sudden beneath Toddida's whistling brink,
The circling billows in wild eddies sink,
Whirl furious round, and the loud bursting wave
Sinks down to Chalma's sacerdotal cave,
Explores the palaces on Zira's coast,
Where howls the war-song of the chieftain's ghost;
Where the artificer in realms below,
Gilds the rich lance, or beautifies the bow;
From the young palm-tree spins the useful twine,
Or makes the teeth of elephants divine.
Where the pale children of the feeble sun,
In search of gold, thro' every climate run:
From burning heat to freezing torments go,
And live in all vicissitudes of woe.
Like the loud eddies of Toddida's sea,
The warriors circle the mysterious tree:
'Till spent with exercise they spread around
Upon the op'ning blossoms of the ground.
The priestess rising, sings the sacred tale,
And the loud chorus echoes thro' the dale.
Far from the burning sands of Calabar;
Far from the lustre of the morning star;
[Page 59] Far from the pleasure of the holy morn;
Far from the blessedness of Chalma's horn:
Now rest the souls of Narva and Mored,
Laid in the dust, and number'd with the dead.
Dear are their memories to us, and long,
Long, shall their attributes be known in song.
Their lives were transient as the meadow flow'r
Ripen'd in ages, wither'd in an hour.
Chalma, reward them in his gloomy cave,
And open all the prisons of the grave.
Bred to the service of the godhead's throne,
And living but to serve his God alone,
Narva was beauteous as the op'ning day
When on the spangling waves the sun-beams play,
When the Mackaw ascending to the sky,
Views the bright splendor with a steady eye.
Tall, as the house of Chalma's dark retreat;
Compact and firm, as Rhadal Ynca's fleet,
Compleatly beauteous as a summers sun,
Was Narva, by his excellence undone.
Where the soft Togla creeps along the meads,
Thro' scented Calamus and fragrant reeds;
Where the sweet Zinsa spreads its matted bed
Liv'd the still sweeter flow'r, the young Mored;
Black was her face, as Togla's hidden cell;
Soft as the moss where hissing adders dwell.
[Page 60] As to the sacred court she brought a fawn,
The sportive tenant of the spicy lawn,
She saw and lov'd! And Narva too forgot
His sacred vestment and his mystic lot.
Long had the mutual sigh, the mutual tear,
Burst from the breast and scorn'd confinement there,
Existence was a torment! O my breast!
Can I find accents to unfold the rest!
Lock'd in each others arms, from Hyga's cave,
They plung'd relentless to a wat'ry grave;
And falling murmur'd to the pow'rs above,
"Gods! Take our lives, unless we live to love."


ON Tiber's banks, Tiber, whose waters glide
In slow meanders down to Gaigra's side;
And circling all the horrid mountain round,
Rushes impetuous to the deep profound;
Rolls o'er the ragged rocks with hideous yell;
Collects its waves beneath the earth's vast shell:
There for a while in loud confusion hurl'd,
It crumbles mountains down and shakes the world.
Till borne upon the pinions of the air,
Through the rent earth the bursting waves appear;
Fiercely propell'd the whiten'd billows rise,
Break from the cavern and ascend the skies:
Then lost and conquer'd by superior force,
Through hot Arabia holds its rapid course.
On Tiber's banks where scarlet jass'mines bloom,
And purple aloes shed a rich perfume:
Where, when the sun is melting in his heat,
The reeking tygers find a cool retreat;
Bask in the sedges, lose the sultry beam,
And wanton with their shadows in the stream,
[Page 62] On Tiber's banks, by sacred priests rever'd,
Where in the days of old a god appear'd:
'Twas in the dead of night, at Chalma's feast,
The tribe of Alra slept around the priest.
He spoke; as evening thunders bursting near,
His horrid accents broke upon the ear;
Attend, Alraddas, with your sacred priest!
This day the sun is rising in the east;
The sun, which shall illumine all the earth,
Now, now isrising, in a mortal birth.
He vanish'd like a vapour of the night,
And sunk away in a faint blaze of light.
Swift from the branches of the holy oak,
Horror, confusion, fear, and torment broke:
And still when Midnight trims her mazy lamp,
They take their way thro' Tiber's wat'ry swamp.
On Tiber's banks, close rank'd, a warring train,
Stretch'd to the distant edge of Galca's plain:
So when arriv'd at Gaigra's highest steep,
We view the wide expansion of the deep;
See in the gilding of her wat'ry robe,
The quick declension of the circling globe;
From the blue sea a chain of mountains rise,
Blended at once with water and with skes:
Beyond our sight in vast extension curl'd,
The check of waves, the guardians of the world.
[Page 63] Strong were the warriors, as the ghost of Cawn,
Who threw the Hill-of-archers, to the lawn:
When the soft earth at his appearance fled;
And rising billows play'd around his head:
When a strong tempest rising from the main,
Dash'd the full clouds, unbroken on the plain.
Nicou, immortal in the sacred song,
Held the red sword of war, and led the strong;
From his own tribe the sable warriors came,
Well try'd in battle, and well known in fame.
Nicou, descended from the god of war,
Who liv'd coeval with the morning star:
Narada was his name; who cannot tell,
How all the world thro' great Narada fell!
Vichon, the god who rul'd above the skies,
Look'd on Narada, but with envious eyes:
The warrior dar'd him, ridicul'd his might,
Bent his white bow, and summon'd him to fight.
Vichon, disdainful, bade his lightnings fly,
And scatter'd burning arrows in the sky;
Threw down a star the armour of his feet,
To burn the air with supernat'ral heat;
Bid a loud tempest roar beneath the ground;
Lifted the sea, and all the earth was drown'd.
Narada still escap'd; a sacred tree
Lifted him up, and bore him thro' the sea.
[Page 64] The waters still ascending fierce and high,
He tower'd into the chambers of the sky:
There Vichon sat; his armour on his bed,
He thought Narada with the mighty dead.
Before his seat the heavenly warrior stands,
The lightning quiv'ring in his yellow hands.
The god astonish'd dropt; hurl'd from the shore,
He drop'd to torments, and to rise no more.
Head-long he falls; 'tis his own arms compel,
Condemn'd in ever-burning fires to dwell.
From this Narada, mighty Nicou sprung;
The mighty Nicou, furious, wild and young.
Who led th'em battled archers to the field,
And bore a thunderbolt upon his shield:
That shield his glorious father died to gain,
When the white warriors fled along the plain:
When the full sails could not provoke the flood,
Till Nicou came, and swell'd the seas with blood.
Slow at the end of his robust array,
The mighty warrior pensive took his way:
Against the son of Nair, the young Rorest,
Once the companion of his youthful breast.
Strong were the passions of the son of Nair,
Strong, as the tempest of the evening air.
Insatiate in desire; fierce as the boar;
Firm in resolve as Cannie's rocky shore.
[Page 65] Long had the gods endeavour'd to destroy,
All Nicou's friendship, happiness, and joy:
They sought in vain, 'till Vicat, Vichon's son,
Never in feats of wickedness outdone,
Saw Nica, sister to the mountain king,
Drest beautiful, with all the flowers of spring:
He saw and scatter'd poison in her eyes;
From limb to limb, in varied forms he flies;
Dwelt on her crimson lip, and added grace
To every glossy feature of her face.
Rorest was fir'd with passion at the sight,
Friendship and honour, sunk to Vicat's right:
He saw, he lov'd, and burning with desire,
Bore the soft maid from brother, sister, sire.
Pining with sorrow, Nica faded, died,
Like a fair aloe in its morning pride.
This brought the warrior to the bloody mead,
And sent to young Rorest the threat'ning reed.
He drew his army forth: Oh! Need I tell!
That Nicou conquer'd, and the lover fell:
His breathless army mantled all the plain;
And Death sat smiling on the heaps of slain.
The battle ended, with his reeking dart,
The pensive Nicou pierc'd his beating heart:
And to his mourning valiant warriors cry'd,
I, and my sister's ghost are satisfy'd.

ELEGY, To the Memory of Mr. THOMAS PHILLIPS of Fairford.

NO more I hail the morning's golden gleam;
No more the wonders of the view I sing:
Friendship requires a melancholy theme;
At her command the awful lyre I string.
Now as I wander thro' this leafless grove,
Where the dark vapours of the ev'ning rise,
How shall I teach the chorded shell to move;
Or stay the gushing torrents from my eyes?
Philips, great master of the boundless lyre,
Thee would the grateful muse attempt to paint;
Give me a double portion of thy fire,
Or all the pow'rs of language are too faint.
Say what bold number, what immortal line
The image of thy genius can reflect?
O, lend my pen what animated thine,
To shew thee in thy native glories deckt.
The joyous charms of Spring delighted saw,
Their beauties doubly glaring in thy lay:
Nothing was Spring which Phillips did not draw,
And ev'ry image of his muse was May.
So rose the regal hyacinthal star;
So shone the pleasant rustic daisied bed;
So seem'd the woodlands less'ning from afar;
You saw the real prospect as you read.
Majestic Summer's blooming flow'ry pride
Next claim'd the honour of his nervous song;
He taught the stream in hollow trills to glide,
And lead the glories of the year along.
When golden Autumn, wreath'd in ripen'd corn,
From purple clusters press'd the foamy wine,
Thy genius did his sallow brows adorn,
And made the beauties of the season thine.
Pale rugged Winter bending o'er his tread,
His grizzled hair bedropt with ioy dew;
His eyes, a dusky light, congeal'd and dead;
His robe, a tinge of bright etherial blue:
His train, a motley'd, sanguine, sable cloud,
He limps along the russet dreary moor;
[Page 68] Whilst rising whirlwinds, blasting, keen, and loud,
Roll the white surges to the sounding shore.
Nor were his pleasures unimprov'd by thee:
Pleasures he has, tho' horridly deform'd:
The silver'd hill, the polish'd lake, we see,
Is by thy genius fix'd, preserv'd, and warm'd.
The rough November has his pleasures too;
But I'm insensible to every joy:
Farewel the laurel, now I grasp the yew,
And all my little powers in grief employ.
In thee each virtue found a pleasing cell,
Thy mind was honour, and thy soul divine:
With thee did ev'ry power of genius dwell:
Thou wert the Helicon of all the nine.
Fancy whose various figure-tinctur'd vest,
Was ever changing to a different hue:
Her head, with varied bays and flow'rets drest,
Her eyes, two spangles of the morning dew.
In dancing attitude she swept thy string,
And now she soars and now again descends,
And now reclining on the Zephyr's wing,
Unto the velvet-vested mead she bends.
Peace, deck'd in all the softness of the dove,
Over thy passions spread her silver plume:
The rosy vale of harmony and love,
Hung on thy soul in one eternal bloom.
Peace, gentlest, softest of the virtues, spread
Her silver pinions, wet with dewy tears,
Upon her best distinguish'd poet's head,
And taught his lyre the music of the spheres.
Temp'rance, with health and beauty in her train,
And massy-muscled Strength in graceful pride,
Pointed at scarlet Luxury and Pain,
And did at every chearful feast preside.
Content, who smiles at all the frowns of fate,
Fann'd from idea ev'ry seeming ill;
In thy own virtue, and thy genius great,
The happy muse laid anxious troubles still.
But see! The sick'ned glare of day retires,
And the meek ev'ning shades the dusky grey:
The west faint glimmers with the saffron fires,
And, like thy life, O Phillips! dies away.
Here, stretch'd upon this heav'n ascending hill,
I'll wait the horrors of the coming night;
[Page 70] I'll imitate the gently-plaintive rill,
And by the glare of lambent vapours write.
Wet with the dew the yellow'd hawthorns bow;
The loud winds whistle thro' the echoing dell;
Far o'er the lea the breathing cattle low,
And the shrill shriekings of the screech-owl swell.
With rustling sound the dusky foliage flies,
And wantons with the wind in rapid whirls:
The gurg'ling riv'let to the valley hies,
And lost to sight, in dying murmurs curls.
Now as the mantle of the ev'ning swells
Upon my mind, I feel a thick'ning gloom!
Ah! Could I charm, by friendship's potent spells,
The soul of Phillips from the deathy tomb!
Then would we wander thro' the dark'ned vale,
In converse such as heav'nly spirits use,
And borne upon the plumage of the gale,
Hymn the Creator, and exhort the muse.
But horror to reflection! Now no more
Will Phillips sing, the wonder of the plain,
[Page 71] When doubting whether they might not adore,
Admiring mortals heard the nervous strain.
A mad'ning darkness reigns thro' all the lawn,
Naught but a doleful bell of death is heard,
Save where into an hoary oak withdrawn,
The scream proclaims the curst nocturnal bird.
Now, rest my muse, but only rest to weep,
A friend made dear by every sacred tye!
Unknown to me be comfort, peace, or sleep,
Phillips is dead, 'tis pleasure then to die!


BEGIN, my muse, the imitative lay,
Aonian doxies sound the thrumming string;
Attempt no number of the plaintive Gay,
Let me like midnight cats, or Collins sing.
If in the trammels of the doleful line,
The bounding hail, or drilling rain descend;
Come, brooding Melancholy, pow'r divine,
And ev'ry unform'd mass of words amend.
Now the rough goat withdraws his curling horns,
And the cold wat'rer twirls his circling mop:
Swift sudden anguish darts thro' alt'ring corns,
And the spruce mercer trembles in his shop.
Now infant authors, madd'ning for renown,
Extend the plume, and hum about the stage,
[Page 73] Procure a benefit, amuse the town,
And proudly glitter in a title page.
Now, wrapt in ninefold fur, his squeamish grace
Defies the fury of the howling storm;
And whilst the tempest whistles round his face,
Exults to find his mantled carcase warm.
Now rumbling coaches furious drive along,
Full of the majesty of city dames,
Whose jewels sparkling in the gaudy throng,
Raise strange emotions and invidious flames.
Now Merit, happy in the calm of place,
To mortals as a Highlander appears,
And conscious of the excellence of lace,
With spreading frogs and gleaming spangles glares:
Whilst Envy, on a tripod seated nigh,
In form a shoe-boy, daubs the valu'd fruit,
And darting lightnings from his vengeful eye,
Raves about Wilkes, and politics, and Bute,
Now Barry, taller than a grenadier,
Dwindles into a strippling of eighteen;
[Page 74] Or sabled in Othello breaks the ear,
Exerts his voice, and totters to the scene.
Now Foote, a looking-glass for all mankind,
Applies his wax to personal defects;
But leaves untouch'd the image of the mind,
His art no mental quality reflects.
Now Drury's potent king extorts applause,
And pit, box, gallery, echo, "How divine!"
Whilst vers'd in all the drama's mystic laws,
His graceful action saves the wooden line.
Now—But what further can the muses sing?
Now dropping particles of water fall;
Now vapours riding on the north wind's wing,
With transitory darkness shadow all.
Alas! How joyless the descriptive theme,
When sorrow on the writer's quiet preys;
And like a mouse in Cheshire cheese supreme,
Devours the substance of the less'ning bayes.
Come, February, lend thy darkest sky.
There teach the winter'd muse with clouds to soar:
Come, February, lift the number high;
Let the sharp strain like wind thro' alleys roar.
Ye channels, wand'ring thro' the spacious street,
In hollow murmurs roll the dirt along,
With inundations wet the sabled feet,
Whilst gouts responsive, join th'elegiac song.
Ye damsels fair, whose silver voices shrill
Sound thro' meand'ring folds of Echo's horn;
Let the sweet cry of liberty be still,
No more let smoking cakes awake the morn.
O, Winter! Put away thy snowy pride;
O, Spring! Neglect the cowslip and the bell;
O, Summer! Throw thy pears and plums aside;
O, Autumn! Bid the grape with poison swell.
The pension'd muse of Johnson is no more!
Drown'd in a butt of wine his genius lies:
Earth! Ocean! Heav'n! The wond'rous loss deplore,
The dregs of Nature with her glory dies.
What iron Stoic can suppress the tear;
What sour reviewer read with vacant eye!
What bard but decks his literary bier!
Alas! I cannot sing—I howl—I cry—
D. [...]


WEEP on, ye Britons—give your gen'ral tear;
But hence, ye venal—hence, each titled slave;
An honest pang should wait on Beckford's bier,
And patriot anguish mark the patriot's grave.
When like the Roman to his field retir'd,
'Twas you, (surrounded by unnumber'd foes)
Who call'd him forth, his services requir'd,
And took from age the blessing of repose.
With soul impell'd by virtue's sacred flame,
To stem the torrent of corruption's tide,
He came, heav'n fraught with liberty! He came
And nobly in his coutry's service died.
In the last awful, the departing hour,
When life's poor lamp more faint, and fainter grew;
As mem'ry feebly exercis'd her power,
He only felt for liberty and you.
He view'd death's arrow with a christian eye,
With firmness only to a christian known;
And nobly gave your miseries that sigh
With which he never gratified his own.
Thou, breathing sculpture, celebrate his fame,
And give his laurel everlasting bloom;
Receiv'd his worth while gratitude has name,
And teach succeeding ages from his tomb.
The sword of justice cautiously he sway'd,
His hand for ever held the balance right;
Each venial fault with pity he survey'd,
But murder found no mercy in his sight.
He knew when flatterers besiege a throne,
Truth seldom reaches to a monarch's ear;
Knew, if oppress'd a loyal people groan,
'Tis not the courtier's interest he should hear,
Hence, honest to his prince, his manly tongue,
The public wrong and loyalty convey'd,
While titled tremblers, ev'ry nerve unstrung,
Look'd all around, confounded and dismay'd.
Look'd all around, astonish'd to behold,
(Train'd up to flatt'ry from their early youth)
[Page 78] An artless, fearless citizen, unfold
To royal ears, a mortifying truth.
Titles to him no pleasure could impart,
No bribes his rigid virtue could controul;
The star could never gain upon his heart,
Nor turn the tide of honour in his soul.
For this his name our hist'ry shall adorn,
Shall soar on Fame's wide pinions all sublime;
'Till heaven's own bright, and never dying morn
Absorbs our little particle of time.


HASTE, haste, ye solemn messengers of night,
Spread the black mantle on the shrinking plain;
But, ah! my torments still survive the light,
The changing seasons alter not my pain.
Ye variegated children of the spring;
Ye blossoms blushing with the pearly dew;
Ye birds that sweetly in the hawthorn sing;
Ye flow'ry meadows, lawns of verdant hue,
Faint are your colours; harsh your love-notes thrill,
To me no pleasure Nature now can yield:
Alike the barren rock and woody hill,
The dark-brown blasted heath, and fruitful field.
Ye spouting cataracts, ye silver streams;
Ye spacious rivers, whom the willow shrowds;
Ascend the bright-crown'd sun's far-shining beams,
To aid the mournful tear-distilling clouds.
Ye noxious vapours, fall upon my head;
Ye writhing adders, round my feet entwine;
Ye toads, your venom in my foot-path spread;
Ye blasting meteors, upon me shine.
[Page 80] Ye circling seasons, intercept the year;
Forbid the beauties of the spring to rise;
Let not the life-preserving grain appear;
Let howling tempests harrow up the skies.
Ye cloud-girt, moss-grown turrets, look no more
Into the palace of the god of day:
Ye loud tempestuous billows, cease to roar,
In plaintive numbers, thro' the valleys stray.
Ye verdant-vested trees, forget to grow,
Cast off the yellow foliage of your pride:
Ye softly tinkling riv'lets, cease to flow,
Or swell'd with certain death and poison, glide.
Ye solemn warblers of the gloomy night,
That rest in lightning-blasted oaks the day,
Thro' the black mantles take your slow-pac'd flight,
Rending the silent wood with shrieking lay.
Ye snow-crown'd mountains, lost to mortal eyes,
Down to the valleys bend your hoary head,
Ye livid comets, fire the peopled skies—
For—lady Betty's tabby cat is dead.


WHAT numbers, Holland, can the muses find,
To sing thy merit in each varied part;
When action, eloquence, and ease combin'd,
Make nature but a copy of thy art.
Majestic as the eagle on the wing,
Or the young sky-helm'd mountain-rooted tree;
Pleasing as meadows blushing with the spring,
Loud as the surges of the Severn sea.
In terror's strain, as clanging armies drear!
In love, as Jove, too great for mortal praise,
In pity gentle as the falling tear,
In all superior to my feeble lays.
Black angers sudden rise, extatic pain,
Tormenting Jealousy's self-cank'ring sting;
Consuming Envy with her yelling train,
Fraud closely shrouded with the turtle's wing.
Whatever passions gall the human breast,
Play in thy features, and await thy nod;
In thee by art, the daemon stands confest,
But nature on thy soul has stamp'd the god.
So just thy action with thy part agrees,
Each feature does the office of a tongue;
Such is thy native elegance and ease,
By thee the harsh line smoothly glides along.
At thy feign'd woe, we're really distrest,
At thy feign'd tears we let the real fall;
By every judge of nature 'tis confest,
No single part is thine, thou'rt all in all.
D. B.


YE nine, awake the chorded shell,
Whilst I the praise of Alcock tell
In truth-dictated lays:
On wings of genius take thy flight,
O muse! above the Olympic height,
Make Echo sing his praise.
Nature in all her glory drest,
Her slow'ry crown, her verdant vest,
Her zone etherial blue,
Receives new charms from Alcock's hand;
The eye surveys, at his command,
Whole kingdoms at a view.
His beauties seem to roll the eye,
And bid the real arrows fly,
To wound the gazer's mind;
[Page 84] So taking are his men display'd,
That oft th' unguarded wounded maid,
Hath wish'd the painter blind.
His pictures like to nature shew,
The silver fountains seem to flow;
The hoary woods to nod:
The curling hair, the flowing dress,
The speaking attitude, confess
The fancy forming god.
Ye classic Roman-loving fools,
Say, could the painters of the schools,
With Alcock's pencil vie?
He paints the passions of mankind,
And in the face displays the mind,
Charming the heart and eye.
Thrice happy artist, rouse thy powers,
And send, in wonder-giving show'rs,
Thy beauteous works to view:
Envy shall sicken at thy name,
Italians leave the chair of Fame,
And own the seat thy due.


BEFORE I seek the dreary shore,
Where Gambia's rapid billows roar,
And foaming pour along;
To you I urge the plaintive strain,
And tho' a lover sings in vain,
Yet you shall hear the song
Ungrateful, cruel, lovely maid,
Since all my torments were repaid
With frowns or languid sneers;
With assiduities no more
Your captive will your health implore,
Or tease you with his tears.
Now to the regions where the sun
Does his hot course of glory run,
And parches up the ground:
Where o'er the burning cleaving plains,
A long external dog-star reigns,
And splendor flames around:
There will I go, yet not to find
A fire intenser than my mind,
Which burns a constant flame:
There will I lose thy heavenly form,
Nor shall remembrance, raptur'd, warm,
Draw shadows of thy frame.
In the rough element the sea,
I'll drown the softer subject, thee,
And sink each lovely charm:
No more my bosom shall be torne;
No more by wild ideas borne,
I'll cherish the alarm.
Yet, Polly, could thy heart be kind,
Soon would my feeble purpose sind
Thy sway within my breast:
But hence, soft scenes of painted woe,
Spite of the dear delight I'll go,
Forget her, and be blest.


REVOLVING in their destin'd sphere,
The hours begin another year
As rapidly to fly,
Ah! think, Maria, (e'er in grey
Those auburn tresses fade away;)
So youth and beauty die.
Tho' now the captivated throng
Adore with flattery and song,
And all before you bow;
Whilst unattentive to the strain,
You hear the humble muse complain,
Or wreath your frowning brow
Tho' poor Pitholeon's feeble line,
In opposition to the nine,
Still violates your name:
[Page 88] Tho' tales of passion, meanly told,
As dull as Cumberland, as cold
Strive to confess a flame.
Yet when that bloom, and dancing fire,
In silver'd rev'rence shall expire,
Ag'd, wrinkl'd, and defac'd:
To keep one lover's flame alive,
Requires the genius of a Clive,
With Walpole's mental taste.
Tho' rapture wantons in your air,
Tho' beyond simile you're fair;
Free, affable, serene:
Yet still one attribute divine,
Should in your composition shine;
Sincerity, I mean.
Tho' num'rous swains before you fall;
'Tis empty admiration all,
'Tis all that you require:
How momentary are their chains!
Like you, how unsincere the strains
Of those, who but admire!
Accept, for once, advice from me,
And let the eye of censure see
Maria can be true:
No more for fools or empty beaux,
Heav'ns representatives disclose,
Or butterflies pursue.
Fly to your worthiest lover's arms,
To him resign your swelling charms,
And meet his gen'rous breast:
Or if Pitholeon suits your taste,
His muse with tatter'd fragments grac'd,
Shall read your cares to rest.


THE sun revolving on his axis turns,
And with creative fire intensely burns;
Impell'd the forcive air, our earth supreme,
Rolls with the planets round the solar gleam;
First Mercury compleats his transient year,
Glowing, refulgent, with reflected glare;
Bright Venus occupies a wider way,
The early harbinger of night and day;
More distant still our globe terraqueous turns,
Nor chills intense, nor fiercely heated burns;
Around her rolls the lunar orb of light,
Trailing her silver glories through the night:
On the earth's orbit see the various signs,
Mark where the sun, our year compleating, shines:
First the bright Ram his languid ray improves;
Next glaring wat'ry thro' the Bull he moves;
The am'rous Twins admit his genial ray;
Now burning, thro' the Crab he takes his way;
The Lion, flaming, bears the solar power;
The Virgin faints beneath the sultry shower.
[Page 91] Now the just Ballance weighs his equal force,
The slimy Serpent swelters in his course;
The sabled Archer clouds his languid face;
The Goat, with tempests, urges on his race;
Now in the Water his faint beams appear,
And the cold Fishes end the circling year.
Beyond our globe the sanguine Mars displays
A strong reflection of primoeval rays;
Next belted Jupiter far distant gleams,
Scarcely enlight'ned with the solar beams;
With four unfix'd receptacles of light,
He tours majestic thro' the spacious height:
But farther yet the tardy Saturn lags,
And five attendant luminaries drags;
Investing with a double ring his pace,
He circles thro' immensity of space.
These are thy wond'rous works, first source of good!
Now more admir'd in being understood.
D. B.


OF warring senators, and battles dire,
Of quails uneaten. Muse awake the lyre,
Where C—pb—ll's chimneys overlook the square,
And N—t—n's future prospects hang in air;
Where counsellors dispute, and cockers match,
And Caledonian earls in concert scratch;
A group of heroes, occupied the round,
Long in the rolls of infamy renown'd.
Circling the table all in silence sat,
Now tearing bloody lean, now champing fat;
Now picking ortolans, and chicken slain,
To form the whimsies of an à-la-reine:
Now storming castles of the newest taste,
And granting articles to forts of paste;
Now swallowing bitter draughts of Prussian beer;
Now sucking tallow of salubrious deer.
The god of cabinets and senates saw
His sons, like asses, to one centre draw.
Inflated Discord heard, and left her cell,
With all the horrors of her native hell:
[Page 93] She, on the soaring wings of genius fled,
And wav'd the pen of Junius round her head.
Beneath the table, veil'd from sight, she sprung,
And sat astride on noisy Twitcher's tongue:
Twitcher, superior to the venal pack
Of Bloomsbury's notorious monarch, Jack:
Twitcher, a rotten branch of mighty stock,
Whose interest winds his conscience as his clock:
Whose attributes detestable, have long
Been evident, and infamous in song.
A toast's demanded: Madoc swift arose.
Pactolian gravy trickling down his clothes:
His sanguine fork a murder'd pigeon prest,
His knife with deep incision sought the breast.
Upon his lips the quivering accents hung,
And too much expedition chain'd his tongue.
When thus he sputter'd: "All the glasses fill,
And toast the great Pendragon of the hill:
Mab-Uther Owein, a long train of kings,
From whom the royal blood of Madoc springs.
Madoc, undoubtedly of Arthur's race,
You see the mighty monarch in his face:
Madoc, in bagnios and in courts ador'd,
Demands this proper homage of the board."
[Page 94] "Monarchs!" said Twitcher, setting down [...] beer:
His muscles wreathing a contemptuous [...]
"Monarchs! Of mole-hills, oyster-beds, a rock,
These are the grafters of your royal stock
My pony Scrub can sires more valiant trace—"
The mangled pigeon thunders on his face;
His op'ning mouth the melted butter fills,
And dropping from his nose and chin distills.
Furious he started, rage his bosom warms;
Loud as his lordship's morning dun he storms.
"Thou vulgar imitator of the great,
Grown wanton with the excrements of state:
This to thy head notorious Twitcher sends."
His shadow body to the table bends:
His straining arm uprears a loin of veal,
In these degenerate days, for three a meal:
In antient times, as various writers say,
An alderman or priest, eat three a day.
With godlike strength, the grinning Twitcher plies,
His stretching muscles and the mountain flies.
Swift, as a cloud that shadows o'er the plain,
It flew and scatter'd drops of oily rain.
In opposition to extended knives,
On royal Madoc's spreading chest it drives:
Senseless he falls upon the sandy ground,
Prest with the steamy load that [...]oz'd around.
[Page 95] And now confusion spread her ghastly plume,
And faction separates the noisy room.
Balluntun, exercis'd in every vice
That opens to a courtiers paradise,
With D—s—n trammel'd, scruples not to draw
Injustice up the rocky hill of law:
From whose humanity the laurels sprung,
Which will in George's-Fields be ever young.
The vile Balluntun, starting from his chair,
To Fortune thus address'd his private prayer:
"Goddess of fate's rotundity, assist
With thought-wing'd victory my untry'd fist:
If I the grinning Twitcher overturn,
Six Russian frigates at thy shrine shall burn;
Nine rioters shall bleed beneath thy feet;
And hanging cutters decorate each street."
The goddess smil'd, or rather smooth'd her frown,
And shook the triple feathers of her crown:
Instill'd a private pension in his soul.
With rage inspir'd, he seiz'd a Gallic roll:
His bursting arm the missive weapon threw,
High o'er his rival's head it whistling slew,
Curraras, for his Jewish soul renown'd,
Receiv'd it on his ear and kist the ground.
Curraras, vers'd in every little art,
To play the minister's or felon's part:
[Page 96] Grown hoary in the villanies of state,
A title made him infamously great.
A slave to venal slaves; a tool to tools:
The representative to knaves and fools.
But see! Commercial Bristol's genius sit,
Her shield a turtle-shell, her lance a spit.
See, whilst her nodding aldermen are spread,
In all the branching honours of the head;
Curraras, ever faithful to the cause,
With beef and ven'son their attention draws:
They drink, they eat, then sign the mean address;
Say, could their humble gratitude do less?
By disappointment vex'd, Balluntun flies;
Red lightnings flashing in his dancing eyes.
Firm as his virtue, mighty Twitcher stands,
And elevates for furious fight his hands:
One pointed fist, his shadow'd corps defends
The other on Balluntun's eyes descends:
A darkling, shaking light his optics view,
Circled with livid tinges red and blue.
Now fir'd with anguish and inslam'd by pride,
He thunders on his adversary's side:
With patt'ring blows prolongs th'unequal fight;
Twitcher retreats before the man of might.
But Fortune, (or some higher power, or god)
Oblique extended sorth a sable rod:
[Page 97] As Twitcher retrograde maintain'd the fray,
The harden'd serpent intercepts his way:
He fell, and falling with a lordly air,
Crush'd into atoms the judicial chair.
Curraras, for his Jewish soul renown'd,
Arose; but deasen'd with a singing sound,
A cloud of discontent o'crspread his brows;
Revenge in every bloody feature glows.
Around his head a roasted gander whirls,
Dropping Manilla sauces on his curls:
Swift to the vile Balluntun's face it flies,
The burning pepper sparkles in his eyes:
His India waistcoat reeking with the oil,
Glows brighter red, the glory of the spoil.
The fight is gen'ral; fowl repulses fowl:
The victors thunder, and the vanquish'd howl.
Stars, garters, all the implements of shew,
That deck'd the pow'rs above, disgrac'd below.
Nor swords, nor mightier weapons did they draw,
For all were well acquainted with the law.
Let Drap—r to improve his diction [...]ght;
Our heroes, like Lord George could scold and write.
Gogmagog early of the jocky club;
Empty as C—br— [...]e's oratorial tub:
[Page 98] A rusty link of ministerial chain;
A living glory of the present reign.
Vers'd in the arts of ammunition bread,
He wav'd a red wheat manchet round his head:
David-ap-Howel, furious, wild, and young,
From the same line as royal Madoc sprung;
Occur'd, the object of his bursting ire,
And on his nose receiv'd the weapon dire:
A double river of congealing blood,
O'erflows his garter with a purple flood.
Mad as a bull by daring mastiffs tore,
When ladies scream and greasy butchers roar:
Mad as B—rg—e when groping through the park,
He kiss'd his own dear lady in the dark.
The lineal representative of kings,
A carving weapon seiz'd, and up he springs:
A weapon long in cruel murders stain'd,
For mangling captive carcases ordain'd.
But Fortune, Providence, or what you will,
To lay the rising scenes of horror still;
In Fero's person seiz'd a shining pot,
Where bubbled scrips, and contracts flaming hot:
In the fierce Cambrians breeches drains it dry,
The chapel totters with the shrieking cry,
[Page 99] Loud as the mob's reiterated yell,
When Sawny rose, as mighty Chatham fell.
Flaccus the glory of a masquerade;
Whose every action is of trifles made:
At Graft—n's well-sto [...]d table ever found;
Like G—n too for every vice renown'd.
G—n to whose immortal sense we owe,
The blood which will from civil discord flow:
Who swells each grievance, lengthens every tax,
Blind to the rip'ning vengeance of the axe.
Flaccus, they outhful, degagée and gay,
With eye of pity, saw the dreary fray:
Amidst the greasy horrors of the fight,
He trembled for his suit of virgin white.
Fond of his eloquence, and easy flow
Of talk verbose whose meaning none can know:
He mounts the table, but thro' eager haste,
His foot upon a smoking court-pie plac'd:
The burning liquid penetrates his shoe,
Swift from the rostrum the declaimer flew,
But learnedly heroic he disdains,
To spoil his pretty counteance with strains.
Remounted on the table, now he stands,
Waves his high powder'd- [...]ad and ruffled hands.
[Page 100] "Friends! Let this clang of hostile sury cease,
Ill it becomes the plenipo's of peace:
Shall olio's, from internal battle drest,
Like bullets outward perforate the breast;
Shall jav'lin bottles blood aetherial spill;
Shall luscious turtle without surfeit kill."
More had he said: when from Doglostock flung,
A custard pudding trembled on his tongue:
And, Ah! Misfortunes seldom come alone,
Great Twitcher rising seiz'd a polish'd bone;
Upon his breast the oily weapon clangs;
Headlong he falls, propell'd by thick'ning bangs.
The prince of trimmers, for his magic fam'd,
Quarlendorgongos by infernals nam'd:
By mortals Alavat in common stil'd;
Nurs'd in a furnace, Nox and Neptune's child:
Bursting with rage, a weighty bottle caught,
With crimson blood and vital spirits fraught,
To Doxo's head the gurgling woe he sends;
Doxo made mighty in his mighty friends.
Upon his front the stubborn vessel sounds,
Back from his harder front the bottle bounds:
He fell. The royal Madoc rising up,
Repos'd him weary, on his painful crup:
The head of Doxo, first projecting down,
Thunders upon the kingly Cambrian's crown:
[Page 101] The sanguine tumour swells; again he falls;
On his broad chest the bulky Doxo sprawls.
Tyro the sage, the sensible, the strong,
As yet unnotic'd in the muse-taught song.
Tyro, for nerocmancy far renown'd,
A greater adept than Agrippa sound;
Oft as his phantom reasons interven'd,
De Viris pension'd, the defaulter screen'd;
Another C—rt—t remains in Cl—;
In Fl—the—r fifty Jefferies's appear,
Tyro stood neuter, till the champions tir'd,
In languid attitudes a truce desir'd,
Long was the bloody fight; confusion dire
Has hid some circumstances from the lyre:
Suffice it, that each hero kiss'd the ground,
Tyro excepted for old laws renown'd;
Who stretching his authoritative hand,
Loudly thus issu'd forth his dread command.
"Peace, wrangling senators, and placemen, peace,
In the King's name, let hostile vengeance cease!"
Aghast the champions hear the surious sound,
The fallen unmolested leave the ground.
"What fury, nobles, occupies your breast;
What patriots spirits has your minds possest.
Nor honorary gifts, nor pensions, please,
Sav, are you Covent-Garden patentees!
[Page 102] How? Wist you not what ancient sages said,
The council quarrels, and the poor have bread.
See this court-pie with twenty-thousand drest;
Be every thought of enmity at rest:
Divide it and be friends again," he said:
The council god return'd; and discord fled.


JOYLESS I seek the solitary shade,
Where dusky Contemplation veils the scene,
The dark retreat (of leafless branches made)
Where sick'ning sorrow wets the yellow'd green.
The darksome ruins of some sacred cell,
Where erst the sons of Superstition trod,
Tott'ring upon the mossy meadow, tell
We better know, but less adore our God.
Now, as I mournful tread the gloomy cave,
Thro' the wide window (once with mysteries dight)
The distant forest, and the dark'ned wave
Of the swoln Avon ravishes my sight.
But see the thick'ning vell of evening's drawn,
The azure changes to a sabled blue;
The rapt'ring prospects fly the less'ning lawn,
And Nature seems to mourn the dying view.
Self-sprighted Fear creeps silent thro' the gloom,
Starts at the rust'ling leaf, and rolls his eyes;
Aghast with horror, when he views the tomb,
With every torment of a hell he flies.
The bubbling brooks in plantive murmurs roll,
The bird of omen, with incessant scream,
To melancholy thoughts awakes the soul,
And lulls the mind to contemplation's dream.
A dreary stillness broods o'er all the vale,
The clouded moon emits a feeble glare;
Joyless I seek the darkling hill and dale;
Where'er I wander sorrow still is there.

When times are at the worst they will certainly mend.

THIS truth of old was sorrow's friend,
"Times at the worst will surely mend."
The difficulty's then to know,
How long oppression's clock can go;
When Britain's sons may cease to sigh,
And hope that their redemption's nigh.
When Vice exalted takes the lead,
And Vengeance hangs but by a thread;
Gay peeresses turn'd out o'doors;
Whoremasters peers, and sons of whores;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When vile Corruption's brazen face,
At council-board shall take her place;
And lords-commissioners resort,
To welcome her at Britain's court;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
See Pension's harbour large and clear,
Defended by St. Stephen's pier!
The entrance safe, by Current led,
Tiding round G—'s jetty head;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When Civil-Power shall snore at ease,
While soldiers fire—to keep the peace;
When murders sanctuary find,
And petticoats can Justice blind;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
Commerce o'er Bondage will prevail,
Free as the wind, that fills her sail.
When she complains of vile restraint,
And Power is deaf to her complaint;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When raw projectors shall begin,
Oppression's hedge to keep her in;
She in disdain will take her flight,
And bid the Gotham fools good night;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When tax is laid, to save debate,
By prudent ministers of state;
And, what the people did not give,
Is levied by prerogative;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When Popish bishops dare to claim
Authority, in George's name;
By Treason's hand set up, in spite
Of George's title, William's right;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When Popish priest a pensions draws
From stary'd exchequer, for the cause
Commission'd, proselytes to make
In British realms, for Britain's sake;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When snug in power, sly recusants
Make laws for British Protestants;
And d—g William's Revolution,
As justices claim execution;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When soldiers, paid for our defence,
In wanton pride slay innocence;
Blood from the ground for vengeance reeks,
Till Heaven the inquisition makes;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When at Bute's feet poor Freedom lies,
Mark'd by the priest for sacrifice,
And doom'd a victim, for the sins
Of half the outs, and all the ins;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When Stewards pass a boot account,
And credit for the gross amount;
Then to replace exhausted store,
Mortgage the land to borrow more;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When scrutineers for private ends,
Against the vote declare their friends;
Or judge as you stand there alive,
That five is more than forty-five;
Look up, ye Britons! cease to sigh,
For your redemption draweth nigh.
When George shall condescend to hear
The modest suit, the humble prayer;
A prince, to purp'led pride unknown!
No favourites disgrace the throne!
Look up, ye Britons! sigh no more,
For your redemption's at the door.
When time shall bring your wish about,
Or, seven-years lease, you sold, is out;
No future contract to fulfil;
Your tenants holding at your will;
Raise up your heads! your right demand
For your redemption's in your hand.
Then is your time to strike the blow,
And let the slaves of Mammon know,
Britain's true sons A BRIBE can scorn,
And die as free as they were born.
VIRTUE again shall take her seat,
And your redemption stand compleat.

To the Editor of the Gentleman's MAGAZINE.


THE late publication of a volume of poems, said to have been written by Thomas Rowlie, in the 15th century, having given rise to some ingenious criticisms respecting their authenticity, I beg leave to send you the following fragment of a sermon by the same author. It was given to me some time since by Mr. George Catcott, whose name has been so often mentioned on the present occasion, and to whose inquisitive disposition, and very commendable zeal, the public is principally indebted for the preservation and appearance of these valuable productions of antiquity. It may be necessary to inform you, that, when Chatterton gave this fragment to his friend, he was utterly (and ever after continued) unacquainted with any language but his mother-tongue; and that [Page 113] the citations of these languages, from two antient authors, have been fully authenticated. The po­etical talents of our bard are established by the publication of his poems; but the following frag­ment of a sermon on the divinity of the Holy Spirit, displays him in the more illustrious charac­ter of an orthodox divine. Every circumstance which tends to throw light on the history of Row­lie should be given to the public, and his senti­ments on so essential a point of the Christian reli­gion by no means suppressed, notwithstanding they may not have the sanction of an age unhap­pily overgrown with Arianism and infidelity. Chat­terton himself, although he totally disbelieved the subject of the fragment, had, however the inge­nuity to produce it; and I am sorry that the inge­nuous editors had not thought it (and some others of Rowlie's prose productions in their possession) worthy of being published together with his poeti­cal compositions.

Yours, &c. A. B.

I have been favoured with the perusal of some prose MSS. now in Mr. Catcot's possession, that prove Rowlie's existence beyond the possibility of a doubt.

[Page 114]


Havvnge whylomme ynn dyscourse provedd, orr soughte toe proove, the deitie of Chryste bie hys worke, names, and attributes, I shalle in nexte place seeke to proove the deeitie of Holye Spryte. Manne moste bee supplyedd wythe Holye Spryte toe have communyonn ryghtfullye of thynges whyehe bee of Godde. S [...]yncle Paulle prayethe the Holye Spryte toe assyste hys flocke ynn these wordes, The Holye Sprytes communyonn bee wythe you. Lette us dhere desyerr of hymm toe ayde us, I ynne unplyteynge and you ynn understandynge hys deeite: lette us saye wythe Seyncte Cyprian, Ad [...]sto, Sancte Spiritus, & paraclesin tuam ex­pectantibus illabere calitus; sanctifua templum cer­poris nostri, & cons [...]ra inhabita ulum tuum Seyncte Paulle sayethe yee are the temple of Godde; forr the Spryte of Godde dwellethe ynn you. Gyss yee are the temple of Godde alleyne bie the dwellynge of the Spryte, wote yee notte that the Spryte ys Godde, ande playne proofe of the personne and glorye of the thryrde personne. The personne, gyftes, operatyonns, glorye, and deeitie, are all ynn Holye Spryte, as bee prooved [Page 115] fromm diffraunt textes of Scrypture: beeynge, as Seyncte Peter, sayethe, of the same essentyall mat­terr as the Fadre ande Sonne, whoe are Goddes, the Holye Spryte moste undisputably bee Godde. The Spryte orr dyvyne will of Godde moovedd uponn the waterrs att the creatyonn of the worlde: thys meanethe the Deeitie. I sayde, ynn mie laste discourse, the promyse of Chryste, whoe wythe Godde the Fadre wolde dwelle ynn the soughle of hys decyples; howe coulde heie soe but bie myssyonn of Holye Spryte? Thys methynkethe prooveth ne alleyne the personaliitie of Holye Spryte, but the verrie foundatyonne and grounde wurch of the Trinitie yttselfe. The Holye Spryte can­not bee the goode thynges ande vyrtues of a manns mynde, sythence bie hymm wee bee toe fast keepe yese goode thynges: gyss wee bee toe keepe a vyr­tue bie thatte vyrtue ytt selfe, meethynckes the custos bee notte fytted toe the charge. The Spryte orr Godde ys the auctoure of those goode thynges and bie hys obeisaunce dheie mote alleyne bee heide. I maie notte bee doltysh ne hereticalle toe saie, whate wee calle consyence vs the hyltren warninge of the Spryte, to forsake our evylle waies before he dothe solely leave our steinedd soughles. Nete bee a greaterr proofe of mie ar­gument [Page 116] thann the wurchys of Holye Spryte. Hee createdd manne, hee forslaggen hymm, hee agayne raysedd mann fromm the duste, ande havethe savedd all mankynde fromme eterne rewynn; he raysedd Chryste fromme the deade, hee made the worlde, ande hee schalle destroye ytt. Gyff the Spyrte bee notte Godde, howe bee ytt the posessynge of the Spryte dothe make a manne sayedd toe bee borne of Godde? Ytt requyreth the powerr of Godde toe make a manne a new creatyonn, yette suche dothe the Spryte. Thus sayethe Seyncte Gregorie Naz. Of the Spryte and hys wurchys:


Chiefly collected from ROWLEY's Poems.

SIR William Canynge, whom Rowley justly styles ‘"a grete and goode man, the favou­ryte of Godde, the friende of the chyrche, the companyonne of kynges, and the sadre of hys na­tyve cittie,"’ was a younger son of a citizen of Bristol. In his youth he gave early dawnings of wisdom and learning;

"As wise as anie of the eldermenne,
He'd wytte enowe to make a mayre at tenne."
Story of Mr. William Canynge, p. 283.

He was also of a comely person, but married, it seems, for love, without a fortune. Soon after, however, his father and elder brother, who both loved money as much as he despised it, died, and left him large estates in land and money, with his [Page 118] brother John* dependent upon him; on which he founded a chauntry for their souls,

"And put hys broder ynto syke a trade,
That he Lorde Mayre of Londonne towne was made,"
Ibid. p. 284.

in the year 1456. But soon this dawning was overcast by the death of his wife, his second self. Of his native city he was mayor five times; and beside several other charities, founded an alms­house or hospital (which is yet in being) at Red­cliff-hill, and built a chapel, and that noble church of St. Mary Redcliff, the finest parish-church in England,

"The maystrie of a human hande,
The pryde of Brystowe and the Westerne lande."
On our Ladies Chyrche.

When Sir Baldwin Fulford was executed at Bristol for treason in 1461, 1 Edward IV. Ca­nynge, being then mayor, made great intercession [Page 119] for him to the King, who heard him graciously, having been much his friend, though he would not grant his request. When he was knighted does not appear. Rowley has dedicated to him his tragedy of Aella, in two epistles. To that of Godwyn Canynge wrote the prologue, an [...] in it acted the part of King Edward the Confessor. Four poems of his are also printed with Rowley's. In 1467, a second match being proposed by the King between him and a lady of the Wi [...]eville (the Queen's) family, Sir William went into orders purposely to avoid it, being ordained acolythe, by his friend Bishop Carpenter of Worcester, 19th of September, and receiving the higher orders of sub-deacon, deacon, and priest, [Page 120] 12th of March, 1467, the 2d and 16th of April, 1468, respectively. Being then made dean of the collegiate church of Westbury, Wilts, with his usual munificence he rebuilt that college. Soon after his taking orders, he gave, by a deed of trust, dated 20th of October, 1467, in part of a benefaction of 500l. to St. Mary Redcliff church, ‘"certain jewels of Sir Theobald Gorges Knt."’ which had been pawned to him for 160l.

Full of good works, he died in the year 1474, and was buried in Redcliff church, where two monuments were erected to his memory, one with his effigies in the robes of a magistrate, the other in those of a priest, cut in white marble. Besides his many other charitable donations, he set­tled lands to pay 44l. per annum to the sheriffs, [Page 121] in lieu of toll demanded by them, at the city gates. For an account of the chests deposited by him in Redcliff church, see pp. 272-3.

Sir W. Canynge had also a cabinet of curiosities, which he had collected with very great expence, and Rowley assisted him in making the collection. The greatest part of a large folio was filled with his compositions. This folio, Rowley says. ‘"was a presente wordie of a grete kynge;"’ and the loss of it will be sincerely regretted by the friends of literature, as the writings might have thrown some light on the learning of those times. Can­ynge was also a man of an extensive genius, and a liberal turn of mind, the distinguished patron of literature, and a lover of the fine arts. Rowley, it appears by his writings, lived in the greatest in­timacy with him, and received very extraordinary marks of his favour and generosity. On all occa­sions he shews his gratitude to his illustrious friend, takes perpetual delight in dwelling on his many amiable virtues, and constanly manifests an earnest desire of transmitting his fame to posterity. This appears not only in many of his poems, but also in the following prose work, preserved by [Page 122] Chatterton, and printed in the Town and-Country Magazine for Nov. 1775, which, as a literary curiosity, our readers, we doubt not, will be glad to see re-published here, with several corrections. For other particulars of this Maecenas of the Bristol Virgil, they must wait till Mr. Barrett favours the world with his history of that city.

Some farther Account of this extraordinary Person, written by Rowley the Priest.

"I was fadre confessor to masteres Roberte and mastre William Cannings. Mastre Robert was a man after his fadre's own harte, greedie of gaynes and sparynge of alms deedes; but master William was mickle courteous, and gave me many marks in my needs. At the age of 22 years deaces'd master Roberte, and by master William's desyre bequeathd me one hundred marks; I went to thank master William for his mickle courtesie, and to make tender of myselfe to him.—Fadre quod he, I have a crotchett in my brayne, that will need your aide. Master Wil­liam, said I, if you command me I will go to Roome for you; not so farr distant, said he: I ken you for a mickle learnd priest; if you will [Page 123] leave the parysh of our ladie, and travel for mee, it shall be mickle to your profits.

"I gave my hands, and he told mee I must goe to all the abbies and pryorys, and gather together auncient drawyings, if of anie account, at any price. Consented I to the same, and pursuant sett outt he Mundaie following for the minster of our Ladie and Saint Goodwyne, where a drawing of a steeple, contryvd for the belles when runge to swaie out of the syde the ayre, had I thence; it was done by Syr Symon de Mambrie, who, in the troublesomme rayne of kyng Stephen, devoted himselfe, and was shorne.

"Hawkes showd me a manuscript in Saxonne, but I was onley to bargayne for drawyings.—The next drawyngs I metten with was a church to be reard, so as in form of a cross, the end standing in the ground; a long manuscript was annexd. Master Canning thought no workman culd be found handie enough to do it.—The tale of the drawers deserveth relation.—Thomas de Blunderville, a preeste, although the preeste had no allows, lovd a fair mayden, and on her begatt a sonn. Thomas educated his sonn; at sixteen years he went into [Page 124] the warrs, and neer did return for five years.—His mother was married to a knight, and bare a daughter, then sixteen, who was seen and lovd by Thomas, sonn of Thomas, and married to him, unknown to her mother, by Ralph de Mesching, of the minster, who invited, as custom was, two of his brothers, Thomas de Blunderville and John Heschamme. Thomas nevertheless had not seen his sonn for five years, yet kennd him instauntly; and learning the name of the bryde, took him asydde and disclosd to him that he was his sonn, and was weded to his own sistre. Yoynge Tho­mas toke on so that he was shorne.

"He drew manie fine drawyings on glass.

"The abott of the minster of Peterburrow sold it me; he might have bargaynd 20 marks better, but master William would not part with it. The prior of Coventree did sell me a picture of great account, made by Badilian Y'allyanne, who did live in the reign of Kynge Henrie the First, a mann of fickle temper, havyng been tendred syx pounds of silver for it, to which he said naie, and afterwards did give it to the then abott of [Page 125] Coventriee. In brief, I gathered together manie marks value of fine drawyings, all the works of mickle cunning—Master William culld the most choise parts, but hearing of a drawying in Dur­ham church hee did send me.

"Fadree, you have done mickle well, all the chatills are more worth then you gave; take this for your paynes: so saying, he did put into my hands a purse of two hundreds good pounds, and did say that I should note be in need; I did thank him most heartily.—The choise drawyng, when his fadre did dye, was begunn to be put up, and somme houses neer the old church erased; it was drawn by Aslema, preeste of St. Cutchburts, and offerd as a drawyng for Westminster, but cast asyde, being the tender did not speak French.—I had now mickle of ryches, and lyvd in a house on the hyll, often repayrings to mastere William, who was now lord of the house. I sent him my verses touching his church, for which he did send me mickle good things.—In the year kyng Ed­ward came to Bristow, master Cannings send for me to avoid a marriage which the kyng was bent upon between him and a ladie he neer had seen, of the samilee of the Winddevilles; the danger [Page 126] were nigh, unless avoided by one remidee, an holie one, which was, to be ordained a sonn of holy church, beyng franke from the power of kynges in that cause, and cannot be wedded.—Mr. Cannings instauntly sent me to Carpenter, his good friend, bishop of Worcester, and the Fry­day following was prepaird and ordaynd the next day, the daie of St. Mathew, and on Sunday sung his first mass in the church of our Ladie, to the astonishing of kyng Edward, who was so suri­ously madd and ravyngs withall, that master Can­nings was wyling to give him 3000 markes, which made him peace again, and he was ad­myted to the presence of the kyng, staid in Bri­stow, partook of all his pleasures and pastimes till he departed the next year.

"I gave master Cannings my Bristow tragedy, for which he gave me in hands twentie pounds, and did praise it more then I did think my self did deserve, for I can say in troth I was never proud of my verses since I did read master Chau­cer; and now haveing nought to do, and not wyling to be ydle. I went to the minster of our Ladie and Saint Goodwin, and then did purchase the Saxon manuscripts, and sett my selfe dili­gentley [Page 127] to translate and worde it in English metre, which in one year I performd and styled it the Battle of Hastyngs; master William did bargyin for one manuscript, and John Pelham, an esquire, of Ashley, for another.—Master William did praise it muckle greatly, but advisd me to tender it to no man, beying the menn whose name were there­in mentiond would be offended. He gave me 20 markes, and I did goe to Ashley, to master Pelham, to be payd of him for the other one I left with him.

"But his ladie being of the family of the Fiscamps, of whom some things are said, he told me he had burnt it, and would have me burnt too if I did not avaunt. Dureing this dinn his wife did come out, and made a dinn to speake by a figure, would have over sounded the bells of our Ladie of the Cliffe; I was fain content to gett away in a safe sl [...]n.

"I wrote my Justice of Peace, which master Cannings advisd me secrett to keep, which I did; and now being grown auncient I was seizd with great pains, which did cost me mickle of marks to be cuted off.—Master William offered me a [Page 128] cannon's place in Westbury-College, which gladly had I accepted but my pains made me to stay at home. After this mischance I livd in a house by the Tower, which has not been repaird since Ro­bert Consull of Gloucester repayrd the castle and wall; here I livd warm, but in my house on the hyll the ayer was mickle keen: some marks it cost me to put in repair my new house; and brynging my chattles from the ould; it was a fine house, and I much marville it was untenanted. A per­son greedy of gains was the then possessour, and of him I did buy it at a very small rate, having lookd on the ground works and mayne supports, and fynding them staunch, and repayrs no need wanting, I did buy of the owner, Geossry Coombe, on a repayring lease for 99 years, he thinkying it would fall down everie day; but with a few marks expence did put it up in a manner neat, and there­in I lyvd."


IN the days of our ancestors, Christmas was a period sacred to mirth and hospitality. Though not wholly neglected now, it cannot boast of the honours it once had; the veneration for religious seasons fled with popery, and old English hospi­tality is long since deceased. Our modern play­things of fortune, who make the whole year a revolution of dissipation and joyless festivity, cannot distinguish this season; unless by resting from their laborious pleasures, and (if they can think) find a happy serenity in solitude and reflection, un­known in the tumult of hurricanes.—The ancient Christmas gambols were, in my opinion, superior to our modern spectacles and amusements; wrest­ling, hurling the ball, and dancing in the wood­lands, were pleasures for men; it is true, the conversation of the hearth-fide was the tales of su­perstition: [Page 130] the fairies, Robin Goodfellow, and hobgoblins, never failed to make the trembling audience mutter an Ave Maria, and cross their chins; but the laughable exercises of blindman's buff, riddling, and question and command, suffi­ciently compensated for the sew sudden starts of terror. Add to these amusements, the wretched voices of the chanters and sub chanters; howling carols in Latin; the chiming of consecrated bells; the burning consecrated wax candles; curiously representing the Virgin Mary; praying the saint whose monastery stood nearest; the munching con­secrated cross-loaves, sold by the monks; all which effectually eradicated the spectres of their terrific stories. Nor were these the only charms against the foul fiends, and night-mare; sleeping cross-legged, like the effigies of Knights Templars, and warriors, and the holy bush and church-yard yew, were certain antidotes against those invisible beings. After this representation, I may be thought partial to my own hobby-horse, as an an­tiquary, in giving the preference to the amuse­ments of the days of old; but let the sentimental reader consider that the tales of superstition, when believed, affect the soul with a sensation plea­surably [Page 131] horrid; we may paint in more lively co­lours to the eye, they spoke to the heart.

The great barons and knights usually kept open house during this season, when their villains, or vassals, were entertained with bread, beef, and beer, and a pudding, wastol cake, or Christmas kitchel, and a groat in silver at parting; being obliged, in return, to wave the full flaggon round their heads, in honour of the master of the house. Sometimes the festival continued, till Twelfth­day, when the baron, or his steward, took the deis, or upper seat of the table, and after dinner gave every man a new gown of his livery, and two Christmas kitchels.—This kind of liberality, endeared the barons to the common people, and made them ever ready to take up arms under their banners.

A register of the nunnery of Keynsham relates, that William, earl of Glocester, entertained two hundred knights with tilts and fortunys, at his great manor of Keynsham, provided thirty pies of the eels of Avon, as a curious dainty; and on the Twelfth-day began the plays for the knights [Page 132] by the monks; with miracles and maumeries for the henchmen and servants, by minstrels.

Here is plainly a distinction made between maumeries and miracles, and the more noble representations comprehended under the name plays. The first were the holiday entertainments of the vulgar; the other of the barons and nobi­lity. The private exhibitions at the manors of the barons, were usually family histories, the monk, who represented the master of the family, being arrayed in a tabard (or herald's coat without sleeves) painted with all the hatchments of the names. In these domestic performances absurdities were unavoidable; and in a play wrote by Sir Tib­bet Gonges, Constance, countess of Bretagne and Richmond, marries and buries her three husbands in the compass of an hour. Sometimes these pieces were merely relations, and had only two characters of this kind, as that in Weever's Fu­neral monuments. None but the patrons of mo­nasteries had the service of the monks in perform­ing plays on holidays; provided the same con­tained nothing against God or the church. The public exhibitions were superior to the private; the plot, generally, the life of some pope, or the [Page 133] founder of the abbey the monks belonged to. I have seen several of these pieces, mostly Latin, and cannot think our ancestors so ignorant of dra­matic excellence as the generality of modern writers would represent: they had a good moral in view, and some of the maumeries abound with wit, which though low now was not so then. Min­strels, jesters, and mummers, was the next class of performers; every knight had two or thee min­strels and jesters, who were maintained in his house, to entertain his family in their hours of dissipation; these Chancer mentions in the follow­ing passages:

Doe comme, he saied, myn mynstrales,
And jestours for to tellen us tales,
Anon in mye armyage.
Of Romaunces yatto been royals,
Of popes and of cardinals,
And eke of love longynge.
Rime of Sir Thopas.

Of all manere of mynstrales,
And jestours thatte tellen tales,
Both of weepynge and of yame,
And of all thatte longeth unto fame.
Third Book of Fame.
D. [...]

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


HEREWITH I send you some curious Saxon achievements; an inedited coin of Sex­burgeo, wife of Kinewalch, king of the West-Sax­ons, after whose death she reigned queen; and a Saxon amulet.

As no part of antiquity is so little known as Saxon heraldry, I shall not pretend to be infalli­ble in the following conjectural explanation of the bearings.


[diagrams of Saxon achievements]
  • [Page 134]a. A shield, amezz; i. e. painted irregularly with flowers, fruits, leaves, and insects; the field, ar­gent; charge, proper.
  • b. A shield, aadod; and were little round cakes of green wheat offered to the afgod or lesser idol of the Saxons; field, or; charge, vert.
  • [Page 135] c. A shield, afraten, carved with crosses, patee; no settled tincture.
  • d. A shield, þunder-flaegod, reblasted, represent­ing lightning; an irregular kind of dauncettie, argent and gules.
  • e. A shield of Keyna, so called from St. Keyna*, a Saxon virgin, who is falsely said to have turn­ed serpents into stone; field, vert; charge, mur­rey.
  • f. A shield afgodod, charged with an afgod, and baso aadod. The afgod was an image like a dragon, as in the cut, placed at the seet of Wo­den: it was the ancient arms of Wessex, which has been often falsely blazoned, a grissin, serge­ant. Camden mentions a procession in some part of England, where was displayed in a ban­ner, a giant and dragon: this he did not know how to account for. Had he looked into the [Page 136] Saxon mythology, he might have found that the heathen Saxons, in the spring, used to bear in procession, a banner, argent, where was display­ed the god Woden, azure: and this afgod his usual attendant, gules.
I remain, Sir, Your humble servant, D. B.


AFTER Chancer had distributed copies of the tale of Piers Plowman, a Franciscan friar wrote a satiric maumery upon him; which was acted at the monasteries in London, and at Wood­stock before the court. Chancer not a little nettled at the poignancy and popularity of the satire, meet­ing his antagonist in Fleet-street, beat him with his dagger; for which he was fined two shillings, as appears by a record of the Inner Temple, where Chancer was a student.


A Few months before the abdication of the da­stardly tyrant James II. lord chancellor Jef­fries, of detested memory, went to Arundel, in Sus­sex, in order to influence an election. He took his residence at the castle, and went the day fixed for the election to the town-hall, where Mr. Peckam, who was then mayor of Arundel, held his court. Jeffries had the impudence to shew his bloody face there: the mayor ordered him to withdraw immediately; and in case of refusal, threatened to have him committed. ‘"You,"’ said he, ‘"who ought to be the guardian of our laws, and of our sacred constitution, shall not so audaciously vio­late them. This is my court, and my jurisdic­tion here is above yours."’ Jeffries, who was not willing to perplex still more the king's assairs, and to enrage the populace, retired immediately. The next morning he invited Peckham to break­fast with him, which he accepted; but he had the courage to scorn to take a place, which the mer­ciless executioner offered him.

Taken from the Records of the Town of Arundel.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


BEING a little curious in antiquities, I have found that the Saxon heralds had these three tinctures, Heofnas, Weal, and Ocyre. Heofnas, (that is, in Saxon, Heaven) I take to be azure. Weal, (that is, strange or foreign) purpure, tenne, or any other colour brought from soreign coun­tries: and Ocyre may be the same with oker, a yellow sossil, and signifies or.

If any of your ingenious correspondents (whether heralds or antiquaries) do not approve of my con­jectures, I should be glad to know their opinion of the above.

I am, Sir, Your humble servant, D. B.

To the Editor of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


As you mention, that Henry II. introduced the dress called court-mantle, the following copy of a manuscript, written three hundred years ago, by one Rowley, a monk, concerning the said dress, may not be unacceptable.

BRIGHHIKEAn Anglo-Saxon earl. haveinge ymade Seyncte Bald­wynnesIn Bristol. chapele ynto a house, Kynge Har­rie secundus, in his yinge daies was there taughte. Yn the walle of sayde house, was an Statue.ymagerie of a Saxonne §Ab-thane, Elegantlie made.crabbatelie ywroghtenne, with a mantille of estate, whyche yinge Harrie enthoghten to bee Much.moke fyner dresse thanne hys. Causeynge the same to be De­vised or imitated.quaintissen yn Foreign.elenge selke and Embroidery.broderie, thus came courte dresse from a Brystoe ymagerie.

[Page 141] And in another manuscript, written by Rowley, it is said,

Richardus * abbatte of Seyncte Augustynes dyd wear a mantelle of scarlette, frenged with bighes, and plated sylver after courte fashyon.

In 1149.

Embellished with a Sketch for the Statue ordered to be erected to the Memory of the late William Beck­ford, Esq. by the Court of Common Council.


Mr. Beckford in his Robes, as Lord Mayor, treading on Tyranny, and supporting Britannia, who, in a recumbent distressed Posture, looks up to him as im­ploring his Assistance. On an Altar (on which are the Arms of the City of London) the Address, sur­mounted with the Cap of Liberty, and the City Re­galia, the Sword resting on Magna Charta, en­circled with Laurel.

SCULPTURE is an art which, by design and solid matter, imitates the palpable objects of nature. It is difficult to ascertain the epocha of [Page 143] its origin; it is lost in the most remote antiquity. The arts of imitation in general, as painting, ar­chitecture, sculpture, &c. where the first invent­ed. Sculptors began to work upon clay and wax, which are more flexible, and more pliable than wood and stone. They soon made statues of trees which were neither subject to corruption nor worms, as the lemon-tree, the cypress, the palm, the olive, the ebony, and the vine: at last they made use of metals, ivory, and the hardest stones; marble especially became the most precious matter, and the most esteemed for works of sculpture.

The nations amongst which this fine art was in the greatest honour were the Aegyptians; those people, so celebrated by the monuments of their gratitude towards the memory of the kings their benefactors. It was to perpetuate their names, that they erected, in the earliest ages, the two Colossean statues of Mocrus, and the queen his spouse.

The Aegyptian sculptors excelled all others in exactness of proportion; the different parts of a statue were often formed by divers artists; and these parts united made the whole perfect.

[Page 144] The Greek historians boast of the invention of that art in their country, which they attribute to love: however, it is certain that the first essays of sculpture in Greece were very unpolished; but De­dalus, having travelled into Aegypt, improved himself in this art, and formed afterwards pupils who became the admiration of a people whose taste was not yet refined by the elegant statues of Phydias, Myron, Lysippus, &c.

The Greeks, subdued by the Romans, degene­rated insensibly; and the arts vanished with their freedom.

Sculpture was an exotic which never could thrive in victorious Rome; its transient glory was eclipsed by the other arts in the reign of Augustus; it declined under Tiberius, Caius, and Claudius; and re-appeared with an enormous magnitude un­der Nero.

The Gothic sculpture sprung afterwards from a wild imagination, unassisted by nature.

The epocha of sculpture is the same in France and Italy. The celebrated Michael Angelo work­ed [Page 145] in Rome under the pontificate of Leo X. whilst John Goujon was admitted at Paris, under the pa­tronage of Francis I.

The English advanced by slow degrees to the perfection of that art, in which they now rival their ancient masters.

The sculptors gave the name of statue to a figure in embossed work, that stands by itself in wood, stone, marble, or metal, of persons conspicuous by their birth, their rank, or their merit.

The ancients often represented figures of men, kings, and even gods, under a species of statues smaller than the natural size.

Those of persons who had distinguished them­selves by their superior knowledge, their virtues, or some important services to the commonwealth, were erected at the public expence in statues of hu­man size.

The third species of statues was designed for kings and emperors: they were taller than men [Page 146] commonly are; and those which personated he­roes were larger in proportion.

As for the Colossean statues, they represented gods; and often kings and emperors, desirous to magnify themselves by these stupendous works, reared at their own expence monuments of their vanity and folly.

An equestrian statue exhibits a man on horse­back; as the statue of Charles I. at Charing-cross; the statue of Henry IV. at Paris; and that of Cos­mo de Medicis, at Leghorn.

A Greek statue is naked and antique; thus called, because the Greeks displayed in that man­ner the gods, the heroes, and the athlets of the Olympic games.

The Roman statues are all represented with a drapery.

A mausoleum is a pompous funeral monument, decorated with sculpture and architecture, with an epitaph sacred to the memory of some considerable personage. It derives its etymology from the [Page 147] magnificent tomb, which Queen Artemisa caused to be erected for Mausolus, king of Caria, her husband.

Heroes, patriots, and statesmen, are not only en­titled to the love and veneration of their cotempo­raries during their lives, but their virtues and ser­vices ought to be transmitted to the latest posterity. This vanity of surviving our dust by lasting mo­numents of national gratitude, has prompted men to the most noble actions, and inspired them with the emulation of being enrolled in the records of time, with those great heroes whose statues and inscriptions they contemplate with a sort of extacy. The tombs of Westminster-abbey fill the mind with that awful reverence, which a magnificent and grateful nation testifies for its benefactors. The portraits of the illustrious warriors who have subdued our inveterate enemies in both hemi­sphered, exposed to public view in Vauxhall-gar­dens, create even in a dissipated multitude a kind of admiration greatly superior to that inspired by the enchantment of the place. The spirit and magnamanity of the incorruptible Beckford, so becoming the first magistrate of the metropolis of a powerful empire; his noble and animated speech [Page 148] to the throne, which was the last public testimony of his unwearied zeal for his country's cause, will be echoed with applause at the sight of his statue by the succeeding generation, to whom he tried to transmit our constitution restored to its pristine pu­rity.


I Shall omit the minute passages of my life, which happened whilst my members were in a state of separation, and begin my history where I began to see the polite world—in the laceman's shop. My possessor was a substantial man, and of some ac­count among the monied men at Jonathan's. He was accounted a wit at his club at the Robinhood, which was not then altogether as patriotic as it is now; no Cato being permitted to mount the table, and harangue himself into an asthma. Here I liv­ed in a state of inactivity for above a month, and heard nothing but the usual discourse of trade; when one day a couple of pretty ladies hurried into the shop, from a coach dignified with a coronet. ‘"Well, Mr. Spangle, we want to take a view of the newest patterns you have. Lord, my dear, and is the wretch really jealous?"’ ‘"Quite mad, 'pon honour. Don't you think this pattern very pretty? Why, he had the impudence to declare, that I [Page 150] should receive no more visits from the colonel."’ ‘"An amazing pretty stomacher! pray what is the price? And I hope you answered him like a wo­man of quality and spirit."’ ‘"Certainly my dear."’ ‘"Fifty guineas, Mr. Spangle! Well, let me have it, and book it to lord G—r, I will never disgrace my title."’ ‘"But, my dear Harriot, I have rea­son to fear his jealousy will veer round to the right object."’ ‘"Reason to fear! my dear, what an expression is that for a woman of quality! You have reason to fear nothing but his interrupting your happiness."’ ‘"And that I defy him to do. Here, Harry, take the trifles. Yours, Mr. Span­gle."’ And away drove the titular honourables, whom I heard no more of till my exaltation among the quality. The next discourse of any consequence happened between Mr. Spangle and his son. Jack Spangle was as complete a city buck as any who srequent the Park when the sun shines. He spoke an anglicised French very slu­ently; and murdered an overture upon the violin to admiration. ‘"Jack (said the old gentleman to him one day, when the ungracious spendthrift had made application for t'other bank bill) these wild courses will never do. I hear you have a mistress; I don't begrudge it, Jack; but why will [Page 151] you pay so confounded dear for her? I make al­lowances; you are flesh and blood as well as my­self; would you had as much prudence as many years have taught me. I protest, when I was a young fellow, I cut as pretty a figure as you with half the expence. I used to take a trip into the country, hire a good handsome wench as my ser­vant, put her into reputable lodgings, and buy every thing necessary for her myself; and by these means fix her my own at an easy rate. Here was the surgeon's bill saved, and my constitution kept whole and sound for matrimony, if ever fate should throw a wife, with ten thousand pounds, in my way. I made every lady a compliment, but seldom accompanied it with any other present than a kiss. Would you, Jack, pursue the same prudent method, you would find the benefit of it; but I am afraid you are resolved to buy experience dear."’

Jack heard this admonition with a sheepishness natural enough to the choice spirits of the city, when they are under the rod of correction: but the old gentleman producing a bill at the end of his harangue, Jack's countenance brightened up; he received it, and bowing respectfully, stam­mered [Page 152] out, ‘"'Tis very true, Sir, as you say, Sir."’

After lying in the shop three months and four days, (I always endeavour to be precise in my chronology, as it gives the reader assurance, that the history is really and bona fide, true) one of my rays by an accident, began to be a little tarnished: this was a terrible misfortune, as in consequence of it, I was degraded to the glass-case at the door. I now gave way to the most violent emotionsof de­spair, and thought my splendor irretrievable; saw all my hopes of rising in the polite world vanished; and expected never to be relieved, till the day of transmu­tation, from my disgraceful situation. But fate had kinder days in store for me. The first object that claimed my attention in the street, was the superb chair of Mrs. Spermacety, the wax-chandler's wife. Her chairmen were loaded with silver lace; and the footman who cleared the way, had an enormous bag wig. I expected to have seen it filled with the dignity of a duchess; but how great was my astonishment, when I perceived a short, fat woman, of the same complexion as the sign of the Saracen's Head fastened in it! She was dressed meanly rich, without the shadow of ele­gance [Page 153] in any thing but her chair, which had for­merly belonged to a lady of quality, having pur­chased it at her decease. Her sneaking pitiful countenance did not discover one grain of genero­sity or nobility: she appeared an absolute burlesque on the grandeur which surrounded her. The fol­lowing dialogue between Mr. Spangle and his good friend and neighbour Mr. Pickle let me into her whole history. ‘"Good morning to you, neigh­bour Spangle, as the man said; methinks Mrs. Spermaceti shines to-day."’ ‘"She shines every day, at home and abroad, Mr. Pickle: but there may be reasons for it; and the grey mare is some­times the better horse."’ This stroke, though in my opinion not very brilliant, brought a horse­laugh on both sides for about ten minutes. ‘"You are a wit, neighbour, you are a wit; but they say, as how, that Mrs. Spermaceti was formerly her husband's cook-maid; but lies and snow-balls gather in rolling; pray is there any truth in the matter?"’ ‘"Between ourselves, there is a great deal of truth in it; and the first charm that Mr. Spermaceti found in his spouse, was that she dres­sed ortolans to a miracle."’ Another loud laugh of applause echoed to the end of the street. ‘"And they say, Mr. Spangle, as how, that she lost three [Page 154] thousand pounds one night at the gaming table to lord what-ye-callum—lord Dillitanti; is that true?"’ ‘"Very true, upon my word; for Tom Shamwell, who now lives by his wit, stood be­hind her chair, to let him into her hand, as they call it."’ ‘"Well, the Lord help us all, it is a sad thing to ha [...]e a spending wife, who consumes all the money before we gets it."’

This edifying discourse was terminated by a hearty shake of the hand, and an invitation from both parties to partake of a bottle of wine. I had now remained exposed to public view for about three weeks, and had caught the eye of every staring countryman, who did honour to my fal­len brightness, by exclaiming, ‘"Odzounds! what a woundy pretty thingamy!"’ Fortune at last began to smile, and my deliverance from dis­grace was effected in the following manner.

Father L'Andridella was at the time of the in­tended assassination of the king of Portugal treasu­rer to a principal college of the order of Jesus, in the city of Lisbon. He was the intimate friend and considant of Malagrida; and assisted him in composing those ridiculous whimsies which the In­quisition [Page 155] condemned as heretical. He was also deep in the important secret; and when the con­spiracy began to unravel, was happy enough to escape the flames which Malagrida and the other conspirators perished in. The inhumanity with which the innocent families of the only two noble conspirators were treated, is too shocking to be dwelt upon.

Andridella went first to Paris, where he was em­ployed by St. Florentin to bear certain presents to certain ministers in England, on a pacific account: but he demanding more for his trouble than St. Florentin chose to give, he was threatened with being confined for life in the Bastile; which threat would have been actually carried into execution, had he not timely got away to England.

How a certain physician came by his intelli­gence, shall be known in due time.

Andridella, for reasons best known to himself, shifted his habit, and equipped himself as a pedlar. Being a man of an extensive genius, and great knowledge in chemistry, he prepared several tinc­tures, for taking spots out of linen, recovering [Page 156] tarnished gold or silver, and other ingenious mi­nutiae. In one of his diurnal rotations, he called on Mr. Spangle, and imparted to him the virtues of his box. I was accordingly taken down to bear witness to the excellence of his tincture; and on the touch of his brush moistened by it shone forth with redoubled lustre, which, by a natural sympathy glittered also in the eyes of Mr. Spangle. Andridella was paid generously, and I was once more carefully laid up in the shop; but my stay there was very short; for Mr. Buckram, the tay­lor, gave me the preference before twenty of my brethren, and fixed me to a magnificent suit of cloaths, which were conveyed to B—n house, for the use of a young d—, just stepped into his estate and title.

The duke of D—e was the nobleman upon whose breast I commanded respect. Paracelsus, and that ingenious astrologic physician, Culpeper, assert, that gold and silver have a magic virtue. The magic of this virtue, commercially consider­ed, is interest; physically, it is chimerical; and metaphisically, it is a fine subtle genius or spirit, as capable of reasoning upon matter, as any deist since Bolingbroke. By the magic of my compo­sition, [Page 157] I was enabled to look internally into the bo­soms which I adorned externally, and had no rea­son to be dissatisfied with my situation, as his grace's heart was no dishonour to his star. He was young, and had his foibles; the principal of which was a strong passion for gaming. Reason in vain endeavoured to convince him of his error; had he been convinced, his resolution would have been too feeble to bear him through in a reforma­tion. The first time I adorned him, I visited the court; after the levee was over, he was accosted by Lord Rattle, ‘"Ah, D—e, how the devil d'ye do to day? I was horridly dipp'd last night; thirteen bottles of champaigne, demme. Lord Shuffle was bit this morning of three thousand; and has sent to his steward to cut down a whole forest to have a better stock to proceed upon. Pray, have you seen C—d's Letters?"’ ‘"O hor­rid! don't mention the stuff; I sicken at the idea. Lady Bab Blouzy has had the vapours these five days by perusing as many lines. Nauseous, 'pon 'onour: I always write my billets in French; a certain preservative against vulgar criticism!"’ ‘"Gadso, you're right, my lord: but as I always thought writing pedantic and beneath a noble­man, my valet always writes my amorous epistles: [Page 158] and a fine fellow he is too! Trims a sentiment like a bag-wig, and twists a meaning like a curl."’ I admired his lordships prudence, in making his valet a secretary, as it was more than probable he was better qualified for the office than his honour­able master.

In the evening, I accompanied the duke to the gaming-table; my lustre sickened, and my whole frame trembled, at beholding the knot of rascals and villains, who surrounded him. Some he honoured with a nod; and others he condescended to enter into a conversation with; and then with an air of careless indifference, sat down to play, and before he rose, lost above eight thousand pounds. This loss but very little affected him, and he went home with the same composure of mind he brought out with him. The sharpers who shared the booty, were Sir Richard —, lord M—, Jack Hounslow, and father Andredilla, whose in­genuity had raised me to my present exalted station. Sir Richard had a legal claim to his title, but no man could disgrace it with more villanies or mean­nesses. His humble soul stooped to every thing when interest was in the way, and his tender con­science never gave him any trouble about the mat­ter. [Page 159] Though lord M—, and this conscientious knight of the post, were continually quarrelling every were else, they always agreed at the gaming­table, in a very capital point, viz. to bubble his grace. His grace was so easy, so superficially learn­ed in the art of gambling, and his antagonists so cunning and deep in the mystery, that B—n­house was more than once on the verge of being sold, to pay these inpostors what the world calls debts of honour. Lord M—, who though young, yet enervated with pleasure, had still a hankering desire to be sacrificing on the altar of the Cytherean goddess; and, by the infallibility of a bank-bill, had gained admittance into the chamber of Miss R—rs, the baronet's mistress. His lordship was making his addresses, when Sir Richard made his appearance: as the baronet was a man of prudence, and knew how to make use of an opportunity, he proposed to his lordship, that if he should be permitted to partake of the profits arising from his grace, and an eminent East-India bubble, his lordship should partake in common with the baronet in the charms of Miss R—rs. Lord M— stretched his gallantry to the utmost, and complied: and it was upon this consideration that the baronet had admittance to [Page 160] the gaming table. Jack Hounslow was his lord­ship's understrapper; he had been an upholsterer, but having squandered his stock, and nothing be­ing left but a pair of pistols, he employed them to the most profitable advantage, by levying contri­butions on the highway. The frequent executions of his fellow labourers striking a damp upon his spirits, and having now pretty well recruited his pockets, he gave up his hazardous employment and commenced sharper. Lord M— soon dis­covered his inventive genius and useful parts, and engaged him in his service.

Sir Kenelm Digby, who so religiously main­tained the doctrine of sympathy, would have attri­buted his lordship's discovery to similar feelings in his own breast. But as many tedious and learned arguments may be brought to maintain it, and to say but little in a case of importance, is worse than nothing at all, and for other good causes and con­siderations, I shall leave it entirely to the reader.

Father Andredilla having acquired a considerable sum by his tinctures, put himself into a magni­ficent dress, hired three servants, and assuming the title of marquis de Villa Garcia, completed the [Page 161] party who were continually preying upon the inex­perience of the duke. One morning, lord Rattle came thundering in upon his grace, ‘"O, D—e, I shall die with risibility. Never was such a co­mical figure, demme; no masquerade face can be half so laughable. There's C—d gone to his trial, with a countenance as dejected as lord B—e's when at Kingston; and lady Harriet G—r, with a face as bronzed and as impudent as a naiad of Covent-Garden."’ ‘"Pretty work, Rattle, and what d'ye think will be the issue?"’ ‘"Between you and I, I have a very important se­cret, and could I confide in your retentive facul­ties, by the Lord, I have no friend upon earth I would rather reveal it to."’ ‘"You may depend upon my honour, Jack; did I ever betray your in­estimable secrets?"’ ‘"Why then, D—e, it is absolutely determined, that when a divorce is ob­tained, C—d shall positively marry lady Har­riet: I may confide in your honour now, I hope?"’ ‘"Undoubtedly,"’ replied his grace, smothering a laugh, ‘"your secrets are of too much importance to be trisled with."’ Lord Rattle's whispers had generally as much truth, as those of a coffee-house politician, who is happy in the acquaintance of a paragraph-maker.

[Page 162] I had lived with his grace long enough to see him bubbled out of thirty thousand pounds, and was then configned, as a customary fee, to his valet, who immediately carried me to Monmouth­street, to take my chance with an army of decayed gentry; some of whom I had been acquainted with in their days of prosperity. As I had lived my usual time among the great, I submitted to my fate without murmuring. A black velvet coat and waistcoat, my near neighbours, were taken down to give physical dignity to a young fellow who had newly commenced quack-doctor; and found out a nostrum to cure distempers which never existed. This suit had once adorned a genius of the same profession, whose extraordinary operations in Moor­fields, had made him the envy of all Hatton-Gar­den. Doctor Bialini, the original wearer, was quite an Esculapius in his way; he was unac­quainted with every principle in surgery: but hav­ing as much courage and impudence, as ignorance, he boldly undertook the most difficult operations. When he happened to divide an artery in the cure of a scratch, it was all very well; and he had discovered by experience, that diverting the dis­temper to the nobler parts, was an infalliable cure, for inconsiderable ailments. He couched for the [Page 163] cataract, and where he cured one by chance, he made twenty totally blind, beyond all possibility of recovery. But success did not always attend his adventure; a young lady of great family ap­plying to him to be eased of a troublesome pain in the head, he gave her such a dose of his cathartic pills, that she expired under their operation. The friends of the deceased accused the doctor of mur­der, and left it to his choice either to take a dose of his own cathartics, or leave England to return no more. As he knew the merit of his medica­ments too well to chuse the first, he returned to Italy, to exercise his honester occupation of a tay­lor. His solemn habiliments were now disposed of to his successor in fame, Mr. Perron, who had been educated a cobler, and on the merit of being twice salivated, advertised to cure a certain dis­temper in all its extensive branches. The regular surgeons have had no reason to complain of his success; as he has greatly increased the business of the faculty, by confirming the disease, and ruin­ing the constitution in every patient he undertook to cure. The warehouse I was laid up in was greatly frequented by second-hand gentry, among whom I heard many entertaining discourses, but too foreign from my purpose to be related here. [Page 164] A servant enquiring for a rich suit with a star, I was accordingly taken down, approved of, and carried off. I wondered what use I was going to be put to, when a meagre tall old man made his appearance. ‘"Well done, my bra' bonny lad­die, this is saving the siller, and laying up more for the bairn."’ These words were uttered by the identical duke of A—, who putting on his pru­dent finery, stepped into a coach, as antiquated as hospitality, and rattled off to court. The recep­tion he met with from his M—, would have shamed virtue out of countenance: when we see villany and avarice caressed, what shall we say, but that k—s are men. His only merit was in being born a Scot, and distantly related to lord B—. I had examined his breast, and found him nothing but a composition of pride, fraud and avarice. As he was deep in all his favoured countryman's secrets, the affair of the peace was not unknown to him, and he had no inconsiderable share of the booty. Not contented with his share, he revealed the transaction to a certain western physician, bind­ing him by oath, not to discover from whom he had his intelligence; and articling to receive a moiety of whatever should be given the doctor to [Page 165] stop his mouth, or say nothing at all to the purpose. The whole juggle was transacted entirely to the duke's satisfaction: and he partook so gloriously of the hush-money, that for a moment emerging from his usual avarice; he gave his servants new liveries, and matched one of his horses, having before paired a bay and a black one. The nobi­lity did not receive him so well as his M—; as he was universally looked upon as a scandal to his title, he was shunned by every polite company. Unfortunately, the too retentive memory of a gen­tleman, discovered his grace's cloaths to have been worn by a more honourable nobleman; and having whispered his discovery to lady Henrietta F—h. as a very great secret; it was known all over the town before the evening, that the duke of A— had been to court in the duke of D—'s cast-off cloaths. Nothing can express the vexa­tion of the old duke; his pride, which had stooped to his avarice, in the purchase of his pru­dent bargain, began, though too late, to have the pre-eminence; he ordered his servant to bear me back to Monmouth-street, and desire the frippery­man to refund the money, which he did, after deducting a guinea for the use of his magni­ficence. [Page 166] I was now taken off the coat, and con­demned to the melting-pot; but whilst the exe­cutioner is preparing my siery grave, I have time to subscribe myself,

The public's humble servant, A STAR.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


AS there are few monthly productions so uni­versally read as your agreeable Miscellany, I have taken the liberty to beg the insertion of the following short account of my life, in which I shall be as brief as possible; and which, if you think proper to countenance, may be a means to warn others of my sex from falling into the same unhappy snares, which I now fatally experience have been my ruin.

My parents were people of some repute, for my father enjoyed a place under the government of upwards of two hundred pounds a year, besides a small estate in the country, which brought him in about a hundred and fifty pounds a year more. As I was their only daughter, they naturally took the best care of my learning that their income would permit, and I was sent early to a boarding school, where I received the rudiments of a polite [Page 168] education, and made as great progress in French, music, &c. as could reasonably be expected.

I was in my thirteenth year when my father died of a fever, and as he had been no great oeco­nomist, and the estate which he enjoyed was to leave our family at his death, my poor mother and I were left without the least resource. Grief for the loss of a tender and affectionate husband, soon put an end to my mother's distress; and I was now the only one left to suffer for the faults of my poor father's imprudence. It happened I had a near relation who was married to a gentleman of for­tune, who pitying my situation, took me home with her to be a companion. By the chearfulness of my disposition, and my universal assiduities to please, I ingratiated myself so much in the favour of my cousin and Mr. M—, and received for it such convincing proofs of their friendship and de­sire to make me happy, that I soon forgot the loss I had so lately sustained. Mr. and Mrs. M— were extremely good-natured and affable, and I enjoyed every felicity I could wish for in my de­pendent state. Unluckily for me, Mrs. M— was threatened with a consumption, just as I had attained my fifteenth year, which daily increasing, [Page 169] in about six months, terminated a life, the loss of which I have now the utmost reason to lament; but not before she had recommended me to the care of Mr. M— in such terms that none but a wretch abandoned to all manner of villainy could have ever forgot.

I felt every emotion of grief which a heart truly susceptible of gratitude could experience at such a shock; but my concern was soon alleviated by the assurances I received from my surviving bene­factor of a continuance of that protection and es­teem I had hitherto met with. By his genorosity I was rendered sole mistress of his house, and had every indulgence granted which I could expect. As he had no children, he took me frequently with him, for an airing in the chariot, and though I observed his fondness for me, daily increase, I did not suffer the least suspicion to enter my breast. Being of an age in which young women are initi­ated in company, and as I was to move in a more genteel sphere, than formerly, I was no longer to be supported in my present character, but at a considerable expence, so that he spared no cost to make me appear suitable to that rank in which he placed me.

[Page 170] By this stratagem, which I did not at first under­stand, he filled me with additional tenderness and gratitude; compelled me to repose on him as my only support; and by my sense of his favour, and the desire of retaining it, disposed me to unlimited complaisances. At last the wretch took ad­vantage of the familiarity which he enjoyed as my relation, and the submission which he exacted as my benefactor, to attempt the ruin of an orphan, whom his indulgence had melted, and his authority had subdued. Shocked at the base­ness of his designs, I summoned all the courage which a weak woman could employ, and resented his behaviour with a becoming indignation. But instead of recoiling at the deed, he upbraided me with ingratitude, and mingled his artifices with menaces of total desertion, if I should continue to resist.

I was now completely depressed, and though I had seen mankind enough to know the necessity of outward chearfulness, I often withdrew to my chamber to vent my grief, and examine by what means I might escape perpetual mortification. The loss of my indulgent parents and kind cousin were [Page 171] now severely felt; and I only reflected that had I been taught a more useful kind of learning than a boarding-school produces, I might still live secure under the consciousness of an unblemished reputa­tion. Unaccustomed and unexperienced to earn my bread in a menial capacity, I had no hopes lest but such as might proceed from his future honour and genorosity. I soon found myself cruelly de­ceived; no art or cunning was left untried to accomplish his purpose; the most subtle protesta­tions of protection and maintenance were made use of, and a solemn promise of marriage to silence all my fears.

Oh! Woman, woman, thy name is frailty!

Young and credulous, I swallowed the glitter­ing bait, and fell an easy victim to the unruly pas­sion of an ungrateful wretch.

But, alas! When he found the consequences attendant on our crime, which I tremble to relate, he not only refused to fulfil his promise of mar­riage; but also abandoned me to all the pangs of recollection, and the frowns of a merciless world. [Page 172] Yet villain as he was, he did not turn me out of doors, till he had given me money to support me in those moments of perturbation, which his pas­sion had forced me to suffer; and an untimely birth at length relieved me from the anxieties of a mo­ther, though it left me under the severe pressures of infamy, and the painful prospect of approach­ing poverty.

Friends and acquaintances have now forsaken me, and I am reduced to the lot of those unhappy beings, from whom many, who melt at the sight of all other misery, think it meritorious to with­hold relief; whom the rigour of virtuous indig­nation dooms to suffer without complaint, and perish without regard; and whom I myself have formerly insulted in the pride of reputation, and security of innocence.

Let others, who read my story, be warned by my example; and however specious the pre­tence, avoid the consequences. Let them consider that however secure they may think themselves, they will have need of all their fortitude when put to the test. Whatever they may think of me, [Page 173] let them judge as favourably as possible, and as it is out of their power to assist, let them at least pity a wretch destined to suffer for the faults of an ungrateful monster.

I am, Sir, Your humble servant. MARIA FRIENDLESS.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


PERMIT me, through the channel of your Magazine, to lay before the public, scenes of distress of no common kind. Though it can afford me no pleasure to recite the many sufferings of a wretched victim to misfortune; yet, by my errors, others may be convinced that the way of virtue only, is the way to felicity. Born to an elevated rank in life, I was instructed rather to value my­self on the blind acquisitions of fortune, and the tinsel of external accomplishments, than on the more solid and commendable qualifications of the mind. My years of infancy were marked by an infant pride; and the mercenary disposition of me­nial servants did not fail to make the evil increase with my growth.

When I just entered my sixteenth year, I was initated into all the oeconomy of high life. Should the rustic or mercantile reader find fault with the expression oeconomy, when applicable to high life, [Page 175] his ignorance is seen in the censure. Dames of spirit have their mean savings; and a titled lady is as anxiously avaricious in her way, as any plod­ding citizen whose business and pleasure unite in gain. Most of the estates of our nobility are heavily mortgaged, or lie useless to the owner, till the rent clears the incumbrances; this is all that can be urged in defence of a lady of quality's sharping upon her servant, and slripping her fille de chambre of all her ready cash, to answer some urgent demand upon her honour; which she pro­tests, by that sacred honour, shall be returned with interest in a few days. But, alas! Among quality, things equally as sacred as honour are abused and trifled with. If there is any real spirit in high life, any generous indifference as to the affairs of this world, which should constitute the sole merit of noblesse, it is oftener found in a citizen's wife. However the court may exclaim against the city, there is less mercenary meanness in the dames of Ludgate-Hill, than in a whole masquerade of right honourable dishonourables

But to return to my own story. Happy in the notion of the world, by being born to a title and a large fortune, it is not to be doubted that the [Page 176] coxcombs of the court were busy to ingratiate them­selves in my favour, by genteely letting me know, they thought themselves very pretty fellows; some indeed went so far, as to assure me by the lard, and all that, that I was consumedly handsome, still keeping a distant view to the dear subject, self; and never lending a compliment, unless it might be returned to the maker. These shadows of men were my continual torment, being my set­tled, perhaps, prejudiced aversion.

Another class of lovers deserved rather my friend­ship, or my pity, than my love, these were men of sense, who, by the malice of their fortune, (or their stars, if you are an astrologer) had never risen in life to what their ambitious ideas aspired to.

As the customs of the world are, by the cour­tesy of it, allowed to be just, these men imagined every girl of conspicuous accomplishments, whose unexperienced heart they could deceive into love, their lawful prize. Dangerous is that lover who has more sense than virtue: his sense, when per­verted, is the greatest evil he can possess. Fools are mere cyphers, they are like the air; when the arrow flies, no traces remain to tell its way; they [Page 177] are like the sea, where every single impression is lost in multitudes of impressions. Though I easily defended myself against the egotisms and addresses of the coxcomb, I found it no easy task to ward off the assaults of the man of sense; his batteries are levelled at the heart, and where he has mutual youth to plead in his favour, seldom fails of car­rying the day. In the early bloom of life, we are not ourselves; and I confess, had not pride been a more certain guard than virtue, my fortune would have fallen into the hands of the creditors of an unfortunate, but amorous author. How­ever, this was an error of youth; and the passion fled with my experience and the absence of the bard. But, my God! Why did it fly! To make room for one which should torment me for years. Better had it been for me to live poor by the vil­lany of another, than to be rich, great, and mise­rable by my own villany. But just heavens! I deserve it all.

I was in my nineteenth year, when the personal accomplishments of a young gentleman, of inferior rank and fortune to mine, a Mr. Knowles, first en­gaged my notice. I cannot say, I conceived a passion instantaneously for him; I was never so [Page 178] romantic. I admired his manly figure, his easy air, and affable behaviour. In short, I wished to know him, which was going as far as a woman of prudence, could go upon first sight. I was then universally allowed to be a beauty; and was unhappy enough to engage his attention. If his person pleased, his conversation charmed me; I was now madly in love. A solid judgment, without the least cynical cast; a florid, easy manner of speech, without the least affectation; and a fluent tongue, without any impertinence, all inspired to make me so. From the minute of our conver­sation, we began an acquaintance, an ill-fated one for me. Mr. Knowles had never spoke of his passion, though his fine eyes expressed unutterable things: we were often together, and I did not think it an unhappy circumstance that no declara­tion had been made; for that chilling coldness, which, by the custom of the world, necessarily succeeds a declaration, till the matrimonial act is determined, must, to mutual lovers, be a ceremo­nious torment. In the ensuing spring, Mr. Knowles being in the country, as I was one morning playing on my harpsichord, my fa­ther came hastily into the room. ‘"My dear girl,"’ said he, throwing his arm round my waist, [Page 179] ‘"I am overjoyed; partake of my transports, and ease one part of them."’

I replied, ‘"Whatever gives my father joy, must consequently be welcome to me."’

‘"It is in your power,"’ answered he, ‘"in your power alone, to insure this happiness to me. The earl of — has seen you; he likes, he loves you: he has this day offered proposals to me, and will settle more than your own fortune on you."’

I was thunder-struck at this intelligence; I could hear no more: I fainted. My father was frighted; he called for help, and soon recovered me. Seeing me revive, he changed his tender solicitude to rage; called me an ungrateful, vile, disobedient wretch, in having engaged my affec­tions to another, which he was sure was the case, without his consent; told me, I should marry his lordship in three days time, or turn out of his doors with nothing but what I could demand. Saying this, he flung out of the room, and left me to consult with Janet, my waiting woman, who was privy to my prepossession in favour of Mr. [Page 180] Knowles. ‘"Oh, Janet!"’ I exclaimed, ‘"was ever poor creature so suddenly plunged into the depth of misery!"’ ‘"Why, to be sure, madam,"’ returned she, ‘"the matter is a little sudden; but as to misery, I have heard your honourable father say, that happiness and misery were both in our own hands. Suppose, madam, this affair had not hap­ened, would you ever have had Mr. Knowles?"’ ‘"No!"’ replied I warmly, ‘"No! I would never have stooped below my birth."’ ‘"Why then, dear madam, if he is out of the question, who could you have better than an earl? It is true, he is old, but then you will have a man of quality, and have all your own fortune settled on you. For my part, I can see no reason to hesitate."’ Weak as these reasons may appear, it was such cogency of argument that urged me to consent to be countess of —. Doubting the stability of the resolution, I hastened to put it into execution; and in one fatal minute did what ages of repent­ance could not undo. My lord was affable and kind; my father transported out of himself; and I was neither miserable nor happy, in a kind of negative existence, which, for want of a better name, we call the vapours, a latitudinary word, which, meaning every thing, means nothing. [Page 181] Mr. Knowles heard of our marriage: he flew on the wings of love. As I was sitting alone in my parlour, amusing myself with fruitless repentance, he burst in upon me, and giving me an inexpres­sible look, exclaimed, ‘"Oh, my Fanny!"’ That short sentence, did more, than the bitterest re­proach could have done: it threw me into agonies not to be described. At last I gathered strength enough to speak. ‘"Sir, since the laws of the world have have bound me to another, to whom my kind regards are due, they cannot now be yours."’ This I murmured in articulations scarce to be understood: I knew not what I said. He started from his chair, and eagerly seizing my hand, exclaimed, ‘"And was there ever a possibi­lity they could be mine!"’ This reply embarrassed me greatly; I was all confusion and hurry, when my lord entered.

Nothing can paint the distraction of his features; lunacy itself could not be more enraged; he fiercely commanded Mr. Knowles to walk out of the house, without permitting him to speak, and returned to me with the countenance of a fury. ‘"Madam,"’ said he, ‘"could you carry on your vile intrigues no where but in my house! But I [Page 182] will take care for the future, you shall have no in­trigues elsewhere."’ Saying this, he left me, and never afterwards suffered me to stir out, but with an old woman, who served me in the office of a duenna.

Vexed at this barbarous treatment, I resented it like a woman of quality and spirit. I insisted on the dismission of my spy, and being left to my own liberty. This his lordship flatly refused. Madening with rage, I made an immediate assig­nation with Mr. Knowles, exerted my authority, sent back my guard, and flew in my own coach to the place of appointment.

When a woman has taken one false step, 'tis too late to think of receding; she is necessitated to go on. Jealousy is certainly the effect of love; yet it is a very troublesome effect, and only tends to make the possessor hated by the object he loves.

My husband's behaviour grew intolerable, and I was determined to leave him. This I did soon after with Mr. Knowles, and we retired to a neighbouring kingdom. Happy in not being dis­turbed, we thought his lordship sat easy under his [Page 183] loss; when the first intelligence we had of him brought his will. Distracted at the fatal conse­quence of my resentment, I flew to the house once his, now mine, his generosity having left me all, laying the blame on the disparity of our ages, my prepossession, and his jealousy. Here had I the unhappiness to find my father dying, stabbed to the heart with the news of my flight. O, my God! what an everlasting hell of reflection must attend the guilty.


To the Editor of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


THE man who sits down to write his own history, has no very agreeable task to exe­cute. The chevalier Taylor is the only egotist since Julius Caesar, who has made tolerable work in drawing the picture of himself. Julius had but two colours to paint with, truth and classic ele­gance: here the chevalier had the advantage, for he was too great to be confined within the bounds of the first qualification, and has [...] with a thousand materials. The sentimental John Bun­cle should not be forgotten: the man who admires the mountains of the north in his description, will lose all his admiration in the real prospect.

[Page 185] But to proceed to my own affairs. I am, Mr. Editor, a Sad Dog, a very Sad Dog; have run through many sad adventures, had many sad escapes from the clutches of baliffs, and at the time of writing this sad relation, am throned in a broken chair within an inch of a thunder-cloud.

I set out in life with a fortune of five thousand pounds, which the old prig, my father, left me, with this memorable piece of advice: ‘"Item, I leave to my youngest son Henry, five thousand pounds, with an old book, formerly his grandmo­ther Bridget's, called, The Way to save Wealth, containing a thousand choice receipts in cookery, &c. and I advise that he read two pages of the said book every day before he dines."’ Very pretty advice! but I had not veneration enough for the parental character to follow it.

When the legacy was paid me, I bid my brother adieu, drank three bottles of claret with Sir Sten­tor Ranger, who had married my sister, and drove furiously to the metropolis in my own phaeton and sour. Honour was the only book which I ever honoured with a perusal; and being pretty well dipped in the theory of gambling, I ventured to [Page 186] engage with some knights of the post, which were a little better versed in the practical part, and at one sitting lost one fifth of my fortune. This was a terrible stroke to me, and I began, for the first time in my life, to reflect; but a bottle of champaigne, and a night at the hotel, drove every troublesome idea out of my head.

Miss Fanny H—t, who by a natural transi­tion is transmigrated from a whore into a bagnio­keeper, was then in the bloom of her charms; she was never a first-rate beauty, but always a ve­ry favourite toast among the bucks and pretty fel­lows of the city.

I was one evening strolling the Park, when Miss Fanny had experience enough to perceive that she had nailed my attention. As I was neither ac­quainted with her character, or situation, I was not a little elated with the condescending glances she honoured me with. Presuming on my con­quest, I made her a few compliments, 'squired her out of the Park, and thought myself blest in being permitted to accompany her to her lodgings. I had not enjoyed my tête-à-tête five minutes, be­fore I was astonished at hearing the well-known [Page 187] thunder of the voice of Jack N—tt. ‘"'Sblood and 'oons, you old harridan, she is mine for a month; and I would rather lose fifty per cent. than lend her for a single night to the dearest friend upon earth."’ To this vociferous exclamation the venerable matron replied: ‘"Won't Miss Kitty do for once, or Polly, or Miss Nancy?"’ ‘"I'll have no Miss, but Fanny, by G—,"’ replied Jack, bursting into the parlour upon us. I was now sufficiently in the secret, and not displeased at find­ing my charmer no vestal. Jack, who had paid fifty pounds for his month, insisted on his right of purchase; but Miss Fanny thinking me a better pay-master, heroically turned him out of the par­lour; telling him, for his comfort, that he should have his month another time. Miss Fanny pleas­ed me so well, that before I was weary of her I had sunk another thousand; when, in a fit of re­flexion, I bid her adieu, and left her to Jack, and the rest of her monthly keepers.

To make a little digression, I think this method of hiring for a month preferable to the wholesale bargains for life, and of mutual advantage to the keeper and kept, if that form will stand good in law, for a man will find it all rapture and love, [Page 188] without disgust; and in a few months play the the same part over again, with no decay of vi­gour.

Jack N—tt is now a principal merchant, and rolls about in his coach and four to every public dinner; where his appetite and solidity of judg­ment, in the edible way, does honour to the city. It is notorious that he is a cuckold, and by more than one method free of his company; but that is no detriment to him in the scale of mercantile me­rit. The extraordinary bustle he has made in a late political affair, is very little to his advantage; but it must be observed in his defence, that the earl of H—lsb—h did him the greatest act of friend­ship mortal man could do him, viz. invited him to a turtle-feast, and revealed to him a secret in the culinary art, till then utterly unknown to all the world but his lordship and his cook. Some in­deed pretended to say, that this secret is nothing more than giving venison an additional flavour, by basting it with a preparation of French cheese and rancid butter; but as I would not presume to give my opinion in a matter of such importance, I shall leave Jack to the pleasure of the table, and proceed in my relation.

[Page 189] On this considerable decay of my fortune, I be­gan to consider seriously of my departed father's curious advice; and in consequence of this con­sideration, resolved to set up for a fortune-hunter, and retrieve my affairs in the sober track of matri­mony. A Miss L—n was the girl I had fixed up­on, and accordingly dressed at. She raised my hopes, and gratified my vanity by several significant glances; and I was so certain of carrying her off in the end, that I chearfully launched out five hundred pounds in dress and equipage; which had such an amazing effect, that in three weeks time I had three kisses of her hand, and in the fourth week she took a trip to Scotland with her fa­ther's footman. This unexpected stroke created in me an absolute aversion to matrimony, and a reso­lution not to endeavour to better myself by the hymenial knot.

Soon after this affair I made an acquaintance with the wife of an alderman: I shall conceal his name, as his patriotic behaviour has rendered him respectable in the city. Mrs. — was of an amorous complexion: her husband had too much of the citizen to be like her: turtle, venison, and popularity, were the only objects of his attention, [Page 190] out of the compting-house. Though he has ne­ver repeated three periods with propriety, except when assisted by the ingenious device of placing the ready-made speech in the crown of his hat; yet his mercantile genius has often struck upon very lucky hits. He is unrivalled in reckoning the amount of rate per cent. and no stock-broker at Jonathan's can whisper a piece of secret intelli­gence with half his dexterity. Between you and I and the post, Mr. Editor, the stopping the circu­lation of bad halfpence, inconsiderable as the coin may appear to some, has brought him in no less than seven thousand pounds, and increased the trade of him and his partners amazingly.

Mrs. — had penetration enough to find out my good qualities; and you will suppose, that I was not wanting in acknowledging her partiality. We had frequent interviews at the house of a ca­pital miliner in the Strand, and the amour for some time went swimmingly on.

Mrs. — was under no apprehensions of my being satiated with enjoyment? for generously considering I was but a younger brother, I never sacrificed on the altar of the Cyprean goddess, [Page 191] without receiving a bank-bill worth my accep­tance. But, alas! happiness is of short duration; or, to speak in the language of the high-sounding Ossian, ‘"Behold! thou art happy; but soon, ah! soon, wilt thou be miserable. Thou art as easy and tranquil as the face of the green-mantled pud­dle; but soon, ah! soon, wilt thou be tumbled and tossed by misfortunes, like the stream of the water-mill. Thou art beautiful as the cathederal of Canterbury; but soon wilt thou be deformed like Chinese palace-paling. So the sun rising in the east gilds the borders of the black mountains, and laces with his golden rays the dark-brown heath. The hind leaps over the slowery lawn, and the reeky bull rolls in the bubbling brook. The wild boar makes ready his armour of defence. The inhabitants of the rocks dance, and all na­ture joins in the song. But see! riding on the wings of the wind, the black clouds fly. The noisy thunders roar; the rapid lightnings gleam; the rainy torrents pour, and the dropping swain flies over the mountain: swift as Bickerstaff, the son of song, when the monster Bumbailiano, keep­er of the dark and black cave, pursued him over the hills of death, and the green meadows of dark men."’ O, Ossian! immortal genius! what an in­vocation [Page 192] could I make now! but I shall leave it to the abler pen of Mr. Duff, and spin out the thread of my own adventures.

Mrs. — having dispatched a billet to me, I flew to her in her own house. The knight, as she thought, was fixed to the table of Sir Tunbelly Grains, knight, citizen, and alderman, who had invited him to dinner on a delicious tur­tle: a blessing not to be neglected. But, Oh! grief of griefs! the knight having forgot his fa­vourite tobacco-box, popped in upon us unex­pectedly, and found us too familiarly engaged. Instead of bursting into the rage which might have animated an Italian or Spaniard on the occasion, he shook his head, and pronouncing coolly, ‘"Ve­ry fine, all very fine!"’ he left us, and returned to Sir Tunbelly to finish the turtle. As by his hasty throwing open the door he had exposed us to the view of two of his servants, I was terribly afraid of a prosecution for crim. con. for though it was as fashionable then as it is now, I was not very eager to lose the remainder of my fortune fashionably. But the knight considering his repu­tation would receive a severe stroke, should the af­fair be made public, contented himself with de­manding [Page 193] two thousand pounds for the injury I had done him. As he threatened to prosecute for lar­ger damages, unless I complied, I was obliged to refund more than Mrs. —'s bounty had be­stowed upon me.

The old curmudgeon had heartily provoked me, and I resolved, though at the expence of every shil­ling I had, to be revenged on him. For this pur­pose I published the whole affair, and the devil assisting my invention, I struck upon another ex­pedient to gratify my vengeance.

The knight's eldest daughter, Sabina, whom he had by a former wife, was a fine sprightly girl, and wanted nothing but the bon ton to render her perfectly accomplished; about eighteen, a remark­able fine complexion, and expressive blue eyes. She was at the time of the unlucky discovery with a relation in Essex: as I had formerly paid a few compliments to her beauty, which I had reason to say, without vanity, were not ill received, I instantly dispatched an epistle to her, the most ten­der my imagination could dictate. It wrought the effect I designed, and she returned an answer. After a long farce of lying and intriguing on my [Page 194] part, and credulity on hers, I accomplished the grand end—you will guess what I mean.

We lived in love and rapture about a month, when her father bid her prepare to marry Mr. Lutestring, the mercer, by the next week. She flew to the usual place of assignation, bathed in tears, with a face expressive of the most violent grief.

I was now almost persuaded to love her in ear­nest; but I was a Sad Dog to suffer revenge (and when I seriously reflect, a revenge which had no foundation in reason) to get the better of every nobler passion.

‘"O! my dear Harry,"’ exclaimed the beautiful unfortunate, ‘"let us fly immediately to Scotland, otherwise my father, inhuman man! will oblige me to marry Bob Lutestring next week."’

‘"Bob Lutestring, my dear,"’ replied I indif­ferently, ‘"is a substantial man, and I would not have you disoblige your father on my account."’

[Page 195] ‘"And is this your advice!"’ returned the he­roine, assuming a dignified air: ‘"be assured, Sir, I shall follow it."’ Saying this, she slung from me; her ideas, I suppose, a little different from those she brought with her.

But I had not yet accomplished my revenge Steeled in impudence as I am, I blush to write the rest; but it shall be out. I informed Mr. Lute­string of my intimacy with his future spouse, and advised him not to unite himself to a woman of such principles. I made certain of receiving a challenge, and a string of curses for my informa­tion; but, alas! I knew not the city. ‘"Sir,"’ replied the mercer, ‘"I thank you for your intel­ligence, this day received: but your advice is not worth a yard of tape; you say Sabina has been faulty; allow it: but will her father give me any thing the less for her fortune on that account? on the contrary, were not my notions of honour very refined, I might make it a means of raising my price."’ I slunk away, astonished at this reply, re­flecting how various are the species and refine­ments of honour.

[Page 196] I was now just on the brink of poverty: I had made a considerable breach in my last five hun­dred; and began to shudder at the contempt with which the decay of my fortune threatened me. Relying on his former professions of friendship, I posted down to Sir Stentor Ranger, in hopes he would have assisted me. I found the knight very busy, with Sir Charles Banbury, in tracing the honourable pedigree of an Arabian barb. ‘"Hey, Hal,"’ exclaimed the knight, with a voice which would have drowned the full chorus of a fox­chace; ‘"what the devil brought thee here? I thought thou wert grown a gentleman, and had forgotten us all."’ He received me with as much kindness and civility, as his rustic breeding would permit, and invited me to his antiquated hall.

After a noble dinner of venison, when Sir Charles had retired, on cracking the nineteenth bottle, I ventured to open the business. Nothing can express the surprise which distended the knight's ample countenance. I made no very agreeable comments on his astonishment; but, thank Heaven! those comments were as ground­less as the Rev. Mr. Bentinck's on the Bible.

[Page 197] ‘"Zounds,"’ thundered the knight, ‘"five thou­sand pounds gone already: you have been a Sad Dog, Hal, that I'll say for thee. But, howsun­dever, as thou beest my nown flesh and blood, d'ye see, I'll do something for thee. Let me see, let me see: dost understand horse-flesh?"’

I answered ‘"that I was not very deep in the mystery, but I hoped, with a little of his instruc­tions, to be serviceable to him."’

‘"Adad, thou art in the right, Hal, nobody knows these things better than me. There's my lord Grosvenor's filly, Long Dick; he would have it, that he was got by his own horse, Thunder, when I, by the mere make of his pastern, found 'um out, to be got by Sir George Blunt's white horse, Duke. Dost know any thing of dogs? Canst train a pointer, or a hawk, or such like things?"’

‘"This,"’ I replied, ‘"I could with safety un­dertake."’

‘"Well then, zay no more; no more words to the matter: I'll do for thee; thou shalt have one hundred and fifty pounds a year, and so ge'es [Page 198] thy hand, Hal. A bargain's a bargain; I scorn to flinch from my word: thou shalt ha'it, odzookers, thou shalt ha'it."’

In consequence of this bargain I commenced su­perintendant of his stables and kennels. I dis­charged my office much to his satisfaction; and by dint of application acquiring some knowledge in the mysteries of the turf, I began to be of conse­quence in the racing world. Sir Stentor's hall was very ancient, and had been in days of yore a family seat of the Mowbrays. It had not under­gone any considerable reparation since the Refor­mation; when an ancestor of Sir Stentor's, having often had quarrels with a neighbouring abbot, in the sacrilegious pillage, purchased his abbey for less than the one-twentieth of its value; and rob­bing it of all its ornaments and painted glass, made the abbey a stable, and turned his dogs into the chapel.

Sir Stentor had many curious visitors, on account of his antient painted glass-windows; among the rest was the redoubted baron Otranto, who has spent his whole life in conjectures. This most ingenious gentleman, as a certain advertiser stiles [Page 199] him, is certainly a good judge of paintings, and has an original, easy manner of writing. That his knowledge in antiquity equals his other ac­complishments may be disputed. As Sir Stentor had ever been politically attached to his family, he welcomed the the baron with every demonstration of joy, and ordered the bells of the parish church to be rung. As a further testimony of his joy, he sent for a blind fidler, the Barthelemon of the vil­lage, to entertain the baron with a solo during din­ner; and after the desert, Robin Hood's Ramble was melodiously chaunted by the knight's groom and dairy-maid, to the excellent music of a two­stringed violin, and a bag-pipe. A concert by the first masters in Europe could not have pleased the baron so well: he imagined himself carried back to the age of his favourite hero, Richard the Third.

Should any critic assert, that it is impossible such an imagination could enter the cerebellum of the baron, who confines all his ideas with­in the narrow limits of propriety (for the songs of Robin Hood were not in being till the reign of queen Elizabeth) his assertion shall stand un­contradicted by me, as I know, by woeful expe­rience, [Page 200] that when an author resolves to think him­self in the right, it is more than human argu­ment can do to convince him he is in the wrong.

The baron, after dinner, asked the knight if he had ever discovered in any place about his house an escutcheon argent, on a fesse gules; three garbs, or; between as many shields, sable, cheveronny of the first?

To this learned interrogatory the knight answer­ed with a stare of astonishment, and ‘"Anon, Sir, what d'ye talk of? I don't understand such out­landish lingo, not I, for my part."’

Otranto finding it impossible to enter into a con­versation suitable to his hobby-horse, begged leave to visit the kennel, desiring the knight to permit the huntsman to go with him, lest the dogs might not be over civil to a stranger.

‘"Odzookers,"’ cried Sir Stentor, ‘"are you afraid of the dogs? I'll go with you myself, man."’

[Page 201] The baron found many things worthy his no­tice in the ruinated chapel; but the knight was so full of the praises of his harriers, that the an­tiquary had not opportunity to form one conjec­ture. After looking round the chapel for some moveable piece of age, on which he might em­ploy his speculative talents, to the eternal honour of his judgment, he pitched upon a stone which had no antiquity at all; and, transported with his fancied prize, placed it upon his head, and bore it triumphantly to his chamber, desiring the knight to give him no disturbance the next day, as he intended to devote it to the service of futurity.

This important piece of stone had by the hunts­man been sacrilegiously stolen from the neighbour­ing church-yard, and employed with others to stop up a breach in the kennel, through which the ad­venturous Jowler had squeezed his lank carcase.

Nothing can escape the clutches of curiosity. The letters being ill cut, had an appearance of something Gothic; and the baron was so far gone in this Quixotism of literature, that at the first glance he determined them to be of the third Ru­nic alphabet of Wormius.

[Page 202] The original inscription was: James Hicks lieth here, with Hester his wife.

The broken stone is here represented,


The baron having turned over Camden, Dug­dale, Leyland, and Wever, at last determined it to be, Hic jacet corpus Kenelmae Sancto Legero. Re­quicseat, &c. &c. What confirmed him in the above reading, and made it impossible for him to be mistaken, was, that a great man of the name of Sancto Legero, had been buried in the county about five hundred years ago.

Elated with the happy discovery, the Baron had an elegant engraving of the curiosity executed, and presented it to the society of antiquaries, who look upon it as one of the most important discoveries which have been made since the great Dr. Trefoil found out, that the word kine came from the Sax­on co [...]ice.

[Page 203] When this miracle of literature left the village, the bells were again rung, and the baron was wrapped in Elysium on the success of his visit.

I had served Sir Stentor above two years, when, by a lucky hit, Sir Charles Banbury and myself took the whole field in, and cleared above twenty thousand pounds; eight thousand of which fell to my share.

I was now once more established in the world, and redeemed from the dependance which had mortified my pride. As I was seldom ungrateful, I repaid Sir Stentor's kindness, by revealing to him the whole arcana of the turf; which he has improved to so much advantage, that he has added five hundred per annum to his paternal estate, by his successes at Newmarket.

In prosperity I never gave ear to the sage whis­pers of Prudence; her cool advice was never felt, but in the winter of adversity. I was flush, and resolved to go over to Paris, and glitter in all the splendor of an Englishman. This rapid resolution was as rapidly executed, and in less than ten days [Page 204] after my success I found myself at the city of noise and frippery.

I had too much spirit to murmur at the expence, but I often wished for something more substantial, than soup or fricasée: after living at the gigantic table of Sir Stentor, and feasting on roast beef and venison, I found it difficult to swallow liquids and shadows. But every other consideration was soon drowned in that of a young marchioness, who never met my eyes without telling them such a tale of love, that it was impossible not to under­stand it.

I directed my valet La Fosse, to make every possible enquiry after her: he brought me intelli­gence that she was the widow of a marquis, and of a very noble family. This was sufficient: I instantly dispatched a messenger of love to her: and 'ere another moon had gilded up her horns, married her. But I had cause to repent my expe­dition; she was indeed the widow of a marquis, but one of the poorest of that title in France; his debts were great, and his widow instead of dis­charging them, had contracted more, her noble family not being able to support her.

[Page 205] I was soon rouzed from my dream of happiness, and thrown into prison; my fortune was insuffi­cient to procure my liberty, and there I should have perished, had not an old rich farmer-general taken my wife under his protection, paid her debts, generously set me free, and presented me with a bill of two hundred pounds, on condition I returned to England. I did not chuse to reject his offer, and with that sort of pseudo-repentance, which generally waits on us when we are grown wise too late, took my leave of France and pro­sperity.

Immediately on my return to England, I waited on Sir Stentor; but the knight knowing my ge­nius in horse-flesh, was not willing to put me in a condition of rivalling him upon the turf.

‘"Zounds, Hal, whoy thou spendest every thing: no, no, I duont want a top game-keeper now. Here, I'll gi' thee this bill of one hundred pounds, and my bay gelding Jockey: go and see 'un, he is as fine a beast as any I have in hand."’

I thought it not prudent to refuse the knight's offer; and making the best of a bad bargain, ac­cepted [Page 206] Jockey, and the bill, and made the best of my way to London.

Here, after a long deliberation, I resolved to turn stock-jobber: and the first time I visited Jona­than's, by propagating a report that Jamaica was taken by the Spaniards, increased my small sum to two thousand pounds. I was now in raptures, and saw once again the visions of good fortune swimming before my sight. I still continued im­proving my principal, when an account from Trieste reduced me to seven hundred; and in a few days after, another account from the same un­fortunate place, utterly ruined me, and I wad­dled a lame duck out of the alley.

What could I now do? As to mechanic busi­ness I was utterly a stranger to it, and my soul dis­dained the livery of a slave. I had distracted my­self with reflection, till the last bill of ten pounds was mutilated, when I thought of setting up for an author.

As I did not doubt my invention, and had va­nity enough for the character, I sat down to in­voke the muses. The first fruits of my pen, were [Page 107] a political essay and a piece of poetry: the first I carried to a patriotic bookseller, who is, in his own opinion, of much consequence to the cause of liberty; and the poetry was left with another of the same tribe, who made bold to make it a means of puffing his Magazine, but refused any gratuity. Mr. Britannicus, at first imagining the piece was not to be paid for, was lavish of his praises, and I might depend upon it, it should do honour to his flaming patriotic paper; but when he was told that I expected some recompence, he assumed an air of criticism, and begged my par­don; he did not know that circumstance, and real­ly he did not think it good language, or sound reasoning.

I was not discouraged by the objections and criticisms of the bookselling tribe; and as I know the art of Curlism, pretty well, I make a tolerable hand of it. But, Mr. Printer, the late prosecution against the booksellers having frightened them all out of their patriotism, I am necessitated either to write for the entertainment of the public, or in defence of the ministry. As I have some little remains of conscience, the latter is not very agreeable. Political writing, of either [Page 208] side of the question, is of little service to the enter­tainment or instruction of the reader. Abuse and scurrillity are generally the chief figures in the language of party. I am not of the opinion of those authors, who deem every man in place a rascal, and every man out of place a patriot.

Permit this then to appear in your universally admired Magazine; it may give some entertain­ment to your reader, and a dinner to

Your humble servant, HARRY WILDFIRE.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


LEST your Hunter of Oddities should meet with me, and cook up my singularity as a dish of diversion for the town, I trouble you with a description of myself. Have you ever seen a portait by Holbein, or the figure of an old fellow in ancient tapestry? I am a laughable counter­part to either of these curiosities. I am heir to no inconsiderable estate, which has but one incum­brance on it; a plaguy, long-lived, surly dog of a father.

If I am not mistaken the Roman-catholics make longevity one of the peculiar gifts of heaven. I confess I am so irreligious as to wish heaven had been less sparing of its gifts to my honoured papa. You will say I am an ungracious child, perhaps; but when you have got to the end of my epistle, you will excuse me. If absurdities and follies are the general attendants of age, I cannot see with what justice grey-hairs command veneration.

[Page 210] My father has as well furnished a wardrobe as any knight in the shire; but not an individual garment in it which has been made since the Re­volution.

My father dresses in the uniform of a courtier in the reign of James I. his hat is like a strawberry­basket, with the handle thrust under his chin: this piece of ornament belonged to Robert Carey, who, as he was a great man in his time, and nearly related to our family, must not be out of remembrance. He wears also an enormous ruff, once the property of Sir Venison Goosepye, lord­mayor of London, who, though of a younger branch of the family, established it on a more re­spectable footing than before, by doubling its rent­roll. Gratitude obliges my sire to wear this ruff, though as full of holes as a lawyer's conscience. A flashed doublet, with slit sleeves, and a long cloak, envelopes his trunk; and a monstrous pair of trunk-hose, square shoes, and large shoe-roses, conclude his bundle of ridiculous habiliments. Could I persuade him to be contented with mak­ing himself laughed at, I should be happy in en­tertaining my friends with the oddity of his ap­pearance; but when I consider that mine is equally [Page 211] as laughable, I sicken at the sight of his antiquated garb. I am almost ashamed to describe myself; but in hopes that he must soon set out on his jour­ney to the other world, I make a virtue of neces­sity, and comply. He absolutely threatens to disin­herit me, if I grumble at dressing for the memory of the departed; and an estate of six-thousand per annum, is not to be lost for the sake of a full­trimmed suit, and a gold button. My hair is dressed in a very peculiar and risible manner; it is cut close on the middle of the head, and twisted like a horse's mane on each side: this my papa avers was the most polite fashion in the reign of queen Elizabeth, as appears by the portrait of his great uncle, Sir Henry Dainty. This Sir Henry was the greatest beau of his time, and is thought by a learned antiquary to be the identical person for whom Shakespeare drew the character of Ost­rick in Hamlet. My hat is not quite so comical as my sire's; it inclines more to the shape of a close­stool-pan, pardon the simile, you will find it in another author, it is too delicate to be my own. This ornament of the head once graced the caput of the profound Dr. Technicus, who had an uni­versal nostrum which enabled him to ride in his chair; and what do you think this nostrum was? [Page 212] Nothing but a cataplasm of masticated bread and butter. My ruff is perfectly yellow: but as it be­longed to the reverend Dr. Drouzy, my father makes it a point of conscience to oblige me to wear it. I have a large jutting coat and wide breeches, the very tip of the mode in the days of Henry VII. mottled stocking, red and green, and shoes with monstrous pikes complete my ornamentals.

This, Mr. Printer, is a perfect representation of my externals. Do be so obliging as to give the old fellow a hint in your Magazine, that he acts very ridiculously. He has already felt the bad effects of his antiquated wardrobe. My sister was as laughable as myself; she wore a hood of un­conscionable thick velvet, which projected on each side of her face, like a horse's blinds; her ruff was enormous, and betwixt that and her head-gear there was nothing but the tip of her nose to be seen: her stays reached down to her knees, her stockings were yellow, and her shoes square-toed. All these ornaments had in the days of their pro­sperity, glittered on Alice Sevenoke, a maid of honour to queen Mary, who was famous for making custards, and giving eel-pies an excellent relish. My sister Biddy's gown was as heavy as [Page 213] a modern novel: upon a moderate computation it had above three pounds of silver, in its embroidery: the colours indeed were faded, but that defect was made up in the lenghth of the train, which afforded the cat a five minutes play while Miss Biddy was turning the corner.

A female must necessarily be worse qualified to bear this purgatory than a man; and she having fifteen thousand pounds, which an old aunt had left her to be paid at her marriage, whipped off to Scotland, at the age of sixteen, with a young fellow in the army. Would I could make my escape too, from the tyranny of this taylor of an­tiquity! I am sensible no character at Cornelys's could make so ridiculous an appearance as I do.

Oh, dear Mr. Ham, if you have any bowels of compassion, address a line or two to the old prig: shew him how barbarous it is to deprive a young fellow of all the pleasures of life, to in­dulge an unaccountable whim: push the matter home to him; and, if you succeed, you shall ever have the prayers of

Your humble servant, TONY SELWOOD.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.



I Think Addison says, in defining a complete fine gentleman, that even dress should be at­tended to; and, indeed, it has so great an influ­ence in most situations of this life, that a person who is entirely negligent of it will find himself either overlooked or despised in the usual inter­course of society.

There are, indeed, some singular characters, who pique themselves upon an utter contempt for dress; but to the shame of men of letters be it said, that these are generally pedants, or such as value themselves upon an affected absence from the trivial pursuits of this world.

Dick Flighty, is a man of a very different cast from these: dress he considers as the ultimate end of existence; and he would be miserable for a [Page 215] year if lord M—, or captain G—, was to have a new fashoned cut, from Paris before him. He was the first who introduced the Tambour waistcoat: he rode post from that metropolis, with six horses, to be here in time. This he con­sidered as a very capital stroke in establishing his fashionable character; and which he looked upon as indispensable, when Sir James G— appeared in a silver silk flowered embroidery, before he had recieved intelligence of the invention. His dis­grace upon this occasion was inexpressible; and had he not retrieved himself in the violet birds eye velvet, on the ensuing birth-day, the consequence might have been fatal.

Dick is possessed of about four thousand a year, which he lays out, in his opinion, to the best ad­vantage. He neither games nor drinks, which considering the licentiousness of the age, is some­thing extraordinary: but then he keeps as elegant an equipage as any man in town, which he con­stantly uses: besides this, he has a fine pack of hounds, though he never hunts, four race-horses, though he never sports; and keeps three mistresses, whom he never visits.

[Page 216] To be ingenuous, Dick may be fairly classed as the sovereign of petit maitres, the prince of fops, and the representative-general of coxcombs: never­theless, Dick, is an arrant sloven. Whilst he is driving from one end of the town to the other, in search of the most celebrated embroiderer, to give him directions concerning a new invented sprig, his chapeau de bras, which he wears on his head, would be a disgrace to a hair dresser; and the back of his coat is more greasy than a but­cher's; but then this is the ton. Dick holds it as an invariable maxim, that a clean coat and a good hat, in an undress, would be a disgrace to a gen­tleman, and bring him upon a level with a bour­geois.




FINDING you gave place to my Odd Man in your last, I have sent you another to hand up in the group; and as I shall let you have one every month, we shall by the end of the year complete our collection.

Dick Slender is now about his forty-fifth year, six feet high, without any incumbrance of flesh. He is one of those people who saunter about town and call themselves gentlemen, because they have nothing to do, and are incapable of doing any thing.

Dick, upon the death of his father, became possessed of three thousand pounds in the funds; he was destined to the bar, and had been brought up in the Temple; but finding in himself very lit­tle disposition for the Statutes at Large, or Coke upon Littleton, he shut up his folios, and resolved to be the man of pleasure.

[Page 218] He soon discovered, however, that the interest of his money, at three per cent. would not sup­port him in the line of life he had chalked out; and, therefore, sunk the capital in the purchase of an annuity, and caring for neither man, woman, or child, eats, drinks, and dresses up to one hundred and eighty pounds per annum.

Dick is always the first night at a new play in the pit; and though he never read Aristotle, or understands a syllable of Horace, he is one of the greatest critics of the age. He has learnt a few set-phrases at the Bedford: these he utters promis­cuously upon all such occasions, and he blends them in so curious a manner that they will do for any performance of every degree of merit. He, nevertheless, has, frequently, a crowd about him at the coffee-house; and his decisions, indecisive as they be, are considered as the opinion of the town.

His success in gallantry is not less conspicuous than his judgment in criticism; if a number of letters constantly addressed to him in a female, hand, often sealed with a coronet, can authenticate his intrigues, or prove that half the women of [Page 219] fashion in England are enamoured with him. But unfortunately he lately quarrelled with his washer­woman upon the loss of some silk stockings, and she has revealed a secret that has banished him from George's for these three weeks. She was the amanuensis, the corresponding ladies, and the deliverer of all these letters to the parties who brought them to this coffee-house; and she is re­solved to keep the seal, with the coronet, for her trouble. This she has revealed to several of her customers in the Temple, at the same time de­claring, that notwithstanding the many intrigues she had carried on with Dick Slender, and though she had often been alone with him in private, he had never once offered a rude thing to her: yet Jenny is but two and twenty, has a very wanton eye, and a good complexion.

To illustrate Dick's character still farther, he is a politician; he has read all Junius's letters, and can make out every dash; he is a member of the Bill of Rights: harangues at the Smyrna upon the Middlesex election; and proposes questions at the Robin-hood upon the legality of incapacitation. It is true, that all his political reading has been confined to the Public and the Gazetteer; but no [Page 220] man understands the real nature of our constitution; the essence of our rights and liberties; the limits of the prerogative; the extent of parliamentary privi­leges; the nature of our foreign connections, or the balance of power, better, or more profoundly, than DICK SLENDER—by intuition!




THIS metropolis abounds with so many oddi­ties, that I am sometimes at a loss to hit upon one for the month. I have now in my col­lection about three dozen, that will do either for winter or summer: their peculiarities are of such a nature, and they are such complete originals, they never can be unseasonably hung up to public view. But a truce with preface, or else, perhaps, you will think me worthy a place in my own col­lection.

Eolus is as variable in his temper as the thirty­two points of the compass; but it must be ac­knowledged that a coach has to him all the mag­netic qualities of the load-stone, especially when the wind is in his chops. But why confine his cha­racter in so small a compass? Eolus is every body, and every thing at times: he eats like Quin, drinks with Rigby, intrigues with a Cumb—d, and fights with every man that never existed. He is a buck­ram hero, and, if I might be allowed a taylor's [Page 222] pun, you may twist him to what you please. It is time, however, to bring forth our hero, and let him speak for himself.

Enter Eolus.

Here, cook—at four precisely—let the venison be done to a turn; and as to the turbot, let it weigh exactly three pounds, not an ounce more or less.


Yes, Sir, you may depend upon your di­rections being punctually followed—Nobody, I think, hits your honour's taste so well as me—I study it day and night.


Yes, Jack, I must acknowledge you do make me eat a pound more since you came to the house, than ever I did before. I shall just take a turn in a hack round the new buildings, Grosvenor­square, and Marybone, by way of a whet, and be here precisely at four.

So short a dialogue, dear Ham, cannot certainly disgust your readers; but, perhaps, they may be curious to know how many he has to dine with [Page 223] him? Just as many as a certain r—l lover found, when he awoke and met with nobody but himself.

Eolus seems to have followed Quin's rule, which I shall exemplify. Said lady T—sh—d (I mean the modest lady T—sh—d) to Quin: ‘"I won­der, Mr. Quin, that you do not marry, take a house, and keep an equipage."’ ‘"Why lookye, my lady, I like the sweets of matrimony without the bitters—I always carry my wife, my coach, and my cook in my pocket, and when they displease me, jolt me into a passion, or spoil my appetite, I turn them off."’

Quin was so pregnant of good things, that the very mention of him, engenders a number; but I shall take up your reader's time with the relation of only one more, which he said to the same lady, upon a somewhat similar occasion. ‘"Pray, Mr. Quin,"’ said she, ‘"did you ever make love?"’ ‘"No, my lady,"’ replied Sir John Bruce, ‘"I al­ways buy it ready made."’

So much for Quin; now once more for Eolus: he is about five seet nothing; as round as a hog­shead, owing to his eating immoderately; rides in a hack all the morning to create an appetite; rides [Page 224] in the same vehicle all the afternoon to promote digestion. He has seven hundred a year, of which he does not save a farthing, which he disposes of chiefly to hackney-coachmen and vintners. The ladies, however, ingross some part of his purse, as well as his person; but he is an oeconomist in love, at least with regard to property, which he transfers to them very sparingly.

If after this any one should think Eolus the mere puff of imagination, he may be seen alive eve­ry day at four, not a hundred yards from War­wick-court, Holborn.




LOUNGING the other day at Slaughter's cof­fee-house, I made acquaintance with a per­son, who has turned out a proper candidate to be enrolled in your list of oddities.

He had been reading the Gazetteer for about twenty minutes, in the course of which he had taken as many pinches of snuff, when he started all at once, and giving a fling to the paper, over­turned a dish of scalding coffee upon a gentleman's white silk stockings, crying, ‘"Zounds, there he is again—how he stinks!"’ then rising up without paying any attention to the mischief he had done, or making the least apology to the gentleman whose legs he had scalded, he walked three or four times up and down the room shaking his arm and fingers, crying out, ‘"Keep off, keep off."’

I did not know what to conclude from his beha­viour; but as I was the nearest to him during his exclamation, and this perambulation, I thought it [Page 226] necessary to ask him whether he proposed insulting me—to which he made no reply, but muttered ‘"The devil opened my curtains last night, and he has been after me all day."’ Then shaking his hand more violently than ever, ‘"there you are off at last."’ After this curious soliloquy, he began to grow a little calm, seated himself upon another of the benches, and ordered a pint of milk. He then pulled out of his pocket several old pamph­lets, and read them very attentively, but not with­out ejaculating now and thee, ‘"Off, you villain, off,"’ and shaking his hand and arm very violently.

I enquired at the bar, who this extraordinary person was, and whether he was out of his mind; when I was informed, that he was Mr. Ha—w—y, brother to the commissioner of that name; that he had frequented the house several years, and that he was a very inoffensive, good-natured man.

Having received this intelligence, I resolved to have a little conversation with him, when I found him very rational upon every subject, except the devil: but the slightest hint about that infernal being, made him shake his hand and arm, and cry out, ‘"Off—off."’

[Page 227] It would be doing this gentleman a great piece of service, if any of your ingenious correspondents could hit upon some probable scheme of exorci­sing this same devil out of poor Ha—w—y, who would then in every respect be an agreeable and worthy member of society.


To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


THOUGH I have much reason to think my­self qualified for society, I am, to my great mortification, confided in a boarding-school; how­ever, I am not debarred the pleasure of reading. I know all the real names of your téte à tétes; and am very well skilled in decyphering an asterism or dash. I have perused every novel published by Lowndes or Noble; and could, upon occasion, compile a secret history, as pathetic and moving as any other female author. There is no modern play which I have not read; from the bright sal­lies of Foote, to the dull dialogue of Cumberland. You see I am a judge of theatrical merit: my knowledge of the drama, is hereditary; for my cousin Ben, who understands heraldry, can prove himself (and consequently me) to be descended from Ben Jonson's grandmother's sister. So much for internal merit. The young fox-hunters in the neighbourhood swear I am a woundy pretty maid! The politer sort protest before gad, I am [Page 229] an angel; and Madame Gouvernante, tells me, I am very fair, very elegant, and every way ac­complished. You will excuse this description of myself, as it is a true, though trite observation, that few readers regard any history 'till they are minutely acquainted with the author: my inten­tion in writing, was to ask your advice. Now you must know Mr. Ham, that I have ten thou­sand pounds, at my own disposal; a qualification, which may, in your opinion, exceed all the others I value myself upon. My father, who is a plod­ding sort of a man, and upon Bristol exchange, (or rather in the street) has the character of a rich merchant, who knows how to live in the world, designs to marry me to Bob Barter, the hopeful son of his good friend Hezekiah Barter. Bob is, in the polite language of Bristol, a devil of a buck. You may see him in the morning, sitting under a shed on the key, registering the weight of sugars, and in the evening shining at a ball. He overturns a basket of oysters, or beats a dog, with a better grace than any youthful notary of Bacchus, in that elegant city: the cream of po­liteness. As Madame Gouvernante knows my father's intentions, she very readily permits his intrusions, and takes every opportunity to leave [Page 230] us together. The wretch has never read further than the Gazette, or tables of interest; so that it is impossible to receive a compliment worth accept­ing from him. He seems to look upon me as already married, and treats me with a suitable indifference. Upon the exit of the Gouvernante, he claps on his hat, takes a turn round the room, very politely exposes his backside to the fire, and remarks it is very cold, or something of equal importance. I never regard the wretch; but if I am reading, consider myself as alone, and read on. Pray, Mr. Hamilton, is such a contemptible be­ing, to be treated with more respect? Having told you, I do not like this uncivilized Bristolian, you may imagine a tendresse for some other has made his faults more conspicuous. You will not be far from the truth. A young author who has read more than, Magliabechi, and wrote more love-letters than Ovid, is continually in­voking the nine to describe me; but he never pays a compliment to my person, without a con­comitant one to my understanding. Though I have ten thousand pounds, he never mentions mar­riage; and when it is forced into his discourse, rails at it most religiously: but he intrigues like a Jesuit, to be made happy with a téte à téte conver­sation, [Page 231] or a walk in the wood; but, thank my stars! I have always courageously denied. He has sentiment in his common conversation; and is reported to have ruined three young ladies of for­tune. Pray, Mr. Hamilton, what am I to do in this case? Nothing can be more disagreeable than this boarding-school: If I am obliged to marry that insignificant wretch, Bob Barter, will the forced ceremony oblige me to hate my literary lover? Your advice will oblige



AS Spring, now approaches with all his gay train,
And scatters his beauties around the green plain,
Come then, my dear charmer, all scruples remove,
Accept of my passion, allow me to love.
Without the soft transports which love must inspire,
Without the sweet torment of fear and desire,
Our thoughts and ideas, are never refin'd,
And nothing but winter can reign in the mind.
But love is the blossom, the spring of the soul,
The frosts of our judgments may check, not controul,
In spite of each hindrance, the spring will return,
And nature with transports refining will burn.
This passion celestial, by Heav'n was design'd,
The only fix'd means of improving the mind,
When it beams on the senses, they quickly display,
How great and prolific, how pleasing the ray.
Then come, my dear charmer, since love is a flame,
Which polishes nature, and angels your frame,
Permit the soft passion to rise in your breast,
I leave your good nature to grant me the rest.
Shall the beautiful flow'rets all blossom around,
Shall Flora's gay mantle, enamel the ground,
Shall the red blushing blossom be seen on the tree,
Without the least pleasure or rapture for me?
And yet, if my charmer should frown when I sing,
Ah! what are the beauties, the glories of spring!
The flowers will be faded, all happiness fly,
And clouds veil the azure of every bright sky.

To the Printer of the Town and Country MAGAZINE.


I Was some time since in company with a party who piqued themselves upon being men of wit and genius: one of them, however was no­thing more than a pretender, who after many inef­fectual attempts, at length set the table on a roar, by a most execrable pun; he joined in the laugh, and fancied he had now been very successful, when a gentleman turning to lord Ch—d, asked his lordship what was his opinion of punning in gene­ral? To which his lordship replied, ‘"I conceive punning has a doublefold advantage in company, for a very good pun makes one laugh, and a very bad one makes one laugh still more, as was the case just now; but,"’ said he, ‘"an indifferent pun, is the most indifferent of all indifferent things; having neither salt enough to make one smile, or stupidity enough to excite the risible muscles at the author; and may therefore be stiled the dregs of wit, the sediment of humour, and the caput mortuum of common sense."’

I am, Sir, your constant reader, And humble servant, T. B.


MR. Sladon, a merchant of Bristol, by in­dustry and diligent application to business, acquired a considerable fortune. As he was an enemy to noise and pomp, he neither set up his carriage, nor endeavoured to make a splended ap­pearance; his only care centered in Maria, his beautiful daughter: he spared no costs to complete her education; her genius requited his labour; no instructions were lost on her, and she excelled in every qualification, which dignify her sex. At the age of seventeen she was universally allowed to be a beauty. The reader will excuse the writer from giving a description of her person; let him cull from the volumes of poets and painters, all his imagination counts beautiful, and throw into it an inexpressible softness, and he has Maria.

Mr. Hinckley, whose father was closely con­nected in trade with Mr. Sladon, struck with the [Page 236] uncommon lustre of Maria's person and mind, intreated his father, to permit him to pay his addresses to her. ‘"George,"’ said the priest of Mammon, ‘"I commend your choice, Miss Sladon is a very good oeconomist, and will have little less than a plumb to her fortune: go, and prosper."’ Young Hinckley assured his father he had not the least mercenary view. ‘"Away,"’ replied the old man ‘"when you have been as often upon 'Change as me, you'll know better."’

Young Hinckley had no cause to complain of his reception; Maria had never viewed him with eyes of indifference. Mr. Sladon rejoiced at the pro­posed alliance; all was unity and love, and before the expiration of two months, George acquainted his father, that he intended to request Mr. Sladon to fix the day; but was thunderstruck with his command, that he should not go such lengths till he had further orders from him.

Mr. Sladon, who was himself above deceit, ne­ver suspected it in another; his generous frankness laid him open to the vile arts of old Hinckley: after being connected together, the space of a year, he broke, and ruined him.

[Page 237] Maria had by this time conceived the most ten­der passion for young Hinckley: it was allowable, as she had always considered him as her future husband. No words can describe Hinckley's ex­cess of love. Imagine what an effect this stroke must have upon both. Nothing but imagination can paint it.

Mr. Sladon was only affected for his daughter: his noble soul rose superior to this revolution; he triumphed in poverty, over the wealthy wretch who caused his misfortunes. Old Hinckley, whose fortune was increased, not dimished by this infa­mous action, perceived with chagrin, his son's madness for Maria; he endeavoured to divert his attention to objects more rich, and therefore, in his opinion, more deserving: but he laboured in vain; nothing could abate his love. Mr. Sladon saw his passion; he pitied him: but could not think of uniting his daughter to a man, whose superiority of circumstances, was derived from his own ruin.

Old Hinckley, finding all remonstrances useless, by some mercenary agents, persuaded Mr. Sladon that young Hinckley was privy to, and assisting in his ruin. The circumstances made it plausible; [Page 238] he believed it, and forbade him his house. Maria would have credited it of any other man; in this case it was dubious: her love for him was partial; but as she had looked upon the father formerly in the best light, she doubted whether she might not be deceived in the son. She was in this wavering opinion, when the only servant Mr. Sladon had, brought her a letter from young Hinckley: she knew the hand, she eagerly caught it; she recol­lected, and dropped it on the ground: after a long struggle between duty and love, she sent it back unopened. When a person of good sense and strong natural parts, has not the happiness of a religious education, he is generally a Deist or Soci­nian. This was the case with young Hinckley; his father endeavouring to qualify him for com­merce, neglected Christianity: to the most refined notions of honour and morality, he united an ab­solute contempt for religion; his passions were violent, but as he was continually on his guard, they seldom appeared. When he heard that Ma­ria had returned his letter, he raved to the utmost extravagance of madness; then appearing calm, he sat down, and writing a letter, sealed it and left it on the table. Having done this, he went into his chamber, and immediately shot himself.

[Page 239] Old Hinckley hearing the explosion, ran from his compter, and ascending the stairs, saw his son extended breathless. He fainted, and continued in that condition, till his servants, occasionally co­ming in, recovered him.

The letter, which was directed to his father, contained what follows.

I shall not accuse your conduct, for you are my father; I shall only endeavour to vindicate the action I am about to perpetrate. This will be easily done. There is a principle in man (a shadow of the Divinity) which constitutes him the image of God; you may call it conscience, grace, inspiration, the spirit, or whatever name your education gives it. If a man acts according to this regulator, he is right: if contrary to it, he is wrong. It is an approved truth, that this prin­ciple varies in every rational being. As I can re­concile suicide to this principle, with me it is con­sequently no crime. Suicide is sometimes a noble insanity of the soul: and often the result of a ma­ture and deliberate approbation of the soul. If ever a crime it is only so to society; there indeed it always appears an irrational emotion: but when [Page 240] our being becomes dissocial, when we neither as­ [...]ist, or are assisted by society, we do not injure it by laying down our load of life. It may seem a paradoxical assertion, that we cannot do wrong to ourselves; but it is certain we have power over our own existence. Such is my opinion, and I have made use of such power.


This seeming philosophy was lost on old Hinck­ley; he was really affected with the loss of his son, and did not survive him three months.

Maria! the beautious Maria, had a still shorter date. She heard the fatal news; and expired within a week.—Mr. Sladon loved his daughter too well to live without her; he compleated the tragedy, and sunk to the grave, resigned and con­tented amidst the chastisements of Providence.


HOW shall my pen make known the sad event,
How tell the loss, O, earth, by thee sustain'd;
In what expressions give the tidings vent,
Of which the thought, my soul, so oft has pain'd?
Why wilt thou, torturing reflection, mad
Each fond idea of the blessings past;
Blessings which only to the anguish add;
O, did their pleasing efficacy last!
Think of his tender op'ning unfledg'd years,
Brought to a final crisis 'ere mature:
As Fate had grudg'd the wonders Nature rears,
Bright genius in oblivion to immure.
Weep, Nature, weep, the mighty loss bewail,
The wonder of our drooping isle is dead;
O, could but tears or plaintive sighs avail,
By night and day would I bedew my bed.
O, give his mem'ry reverential due,
His worth a tributary tear demands:
Still hold his many virtues in your view,
Then must a free-will offering 'scape your hands.
Had but his tender budding genius thriv'd,
Still blooming on, spite of the frosty blast;
Till ripen'd into manhood still surviv'd,
The fruits full ripe—how rich the sweet repast!
'Ere vital utterance could scarce transpire,
His infant lips evinc'd a manly soul;
Predicting that heroic mental fire,
Which reign'd supreme within the mighty whole.
Friendship cemented by the slightest ties,
Full hardly brooks the intervening cause
That separates the friend we lightly prise,
Bursting the bonds of friendship's sacred laws.
Then how can I but feel the dire effect,
Where infancy began the social tie,
Which still increas'd, void of the least defect,
As each revolving year did multiply.
Tho' great the loss to me—Heav'n knows how great!
Were it but individually known,
I would not vainly thus repine at fate,
But providential justice ever own.
O, that's not all—my country feels the stroke,
The public good was ever in his view,
His pen his lofty sentiments bespoke,
Nor fear'd he virtuous freedom to pursue.
Yes, Liberty! thy fair, thy upright cause,
He dar'd defend, spite of despotic force,
To crush his much-lov'd country's wholesome laws,
Its noble constitution's only source.
Ye muses, leave your florid airy smiles,
And thou, mercurial Euphrosyne,
Forget thy wanton cranks and am'rous wiles,
To sympathize with sad Melpomene.
Your pride is fallen—your chief, your great support,
Lies mould'ring to his own primaeval dust:
To you, while living, ever was his court,
Dead, in return, let not his mem'ry rust.
What ease within his sweet'ned numbers flow'd,
What symmetry each well-penn'd line evinc'd;
Such just connection on each verse bestow'd
Ev'n envy, of his worth, must stand convinc'd.
His lofty numbers how sublimely great!
Lifting the ravish'd sense to heights supreme,
Again with fancy painted woes elate,
He shews the passions of the tragic theme.
Sharp visag'd Satire own'd him as her lord,
Exclusive of her hand-maid in her train,
Ill-nature, curst attendant of the board
Of those who stigmatise mankind for gain.
Not so with him—he paints each reigning vice
In strongest colours of their genuine hue!
Sweet'ning the bitter draught with sav'ry spice,
The moral picture relishing the view.
O, could my pen but catch his livid fire,
Hear thou my invocation, mighty dead!
My infant muse with life mature inspire,
Thy shade may dictate, tho' the substance's fled.
Antiquity, bewail his cruel sate,
He paid thy hoary head the rev'rence due;
Thy valu'd acts reviving out of date,
Recalling ages past to present view.
To truths long dead, he gave a second birth,
Rescuing from oblivion occult stores:
Treasures within the bowels of the earth,
Unheeded by the vulgar mind—explores.
Most strange! ideas of so vast extent
Could e'er within his tender mind reside,
No art or science but some influence lent,
His intellectual parts to make more wide.
Why, Fancy, wilt thou paint him to my eyes,
Why form the fond idea in my mind;
O, couldst thou but some plastic means devise,
The substance with the shadow still to find.
T. C.

BOOKS printed for FIELDING and WALKER.

  • 1. MARCUS Tullius Cicero's CATO MA­JOR; or Discourse on OLD AGE: addressed to Titus Pomponius Atticus: with expla­natory Notes; by Benjamin Franklin, LL.D. 8vo.
  • 2. DYCHE's English Dictionary, 8vo. 6s.
  • 3. Madam JOHNSON's PRESENT; or Every Young Woman's Companion, in Useful and Uni­versal Knowledge. Digested under the following Heads: 1. Spelling, Reading, Writing, and Arith­metick, taught without the help of a Master. 2. The complete Market Woman. 3. The Cook's Guide for dressing all Sorts of Flesh, Fowl, and Fish. 4. For Pickling, Pastry, and Confectionary. 5. An Estimate of the Expences of a Family in the middling Station of Life. 6. The Art and Terms of carving Fish, Fowl, and Flesh. 7. A Bill of Fare for every Month in the Year, for Din­ner, Supper, and also for extraordinary Occasions. 8. The Young Woman's Instructor for the right Spelling of Words used in Marketing, Pickling, Preserving, &c. &c.

    To this Edition are added,

    • Some plain and necessary Directions to Maid-Ser­vants in general, and several useful Tables; which renders it the compleatest Book of the kind ever published.
    • The Compiler, Madam Johnson, in order to make this Book become as cheap as possible to the Pur­chasers, has, out of her benevolence, fixed the Price at 1s. 6d. bound; though it contains dou­ble the quantity that is usually sold for that Sum. The Seventh Edition.
  • 4. CULPEPPER's English Physician, enlarged with three hundred and sixty-nine Medicines, made [Page] of English Herbs, that were not in any impression before.
  • 5. Bishop BEVERIDGE's Private Thoughts; in two parts complete, price 2s. 6d.
  • 6. BAILEY's Universal Etymological English Dictionary, the twenty-third Edition, with consi­derable Improvements, price 6s.
  • 7. BOYER's French Grammar, the twenty-third Edition, carefully corrected and much im­proved, price 2s.
  • 8. Fabulae Aesopi Selectae; or Select Fables of Esop; with an English Translation, more litteral than any yet extant. Designed for the readier In­struction of Beginners in the Latin Tongue, by H. Clarke, Teacher of the Latin Language, the 8th Edition, price 1s. 6d.
  • 9. RAPIN's History of England abridged, Question and Answer, 12mo. price 3s. without Cuts, and 4s. with Cuts.
  • 10. Spectacle de la Nature: or Nature displayed. Being Discourses on such Particulars of Natural History, as were thought most proper to excite the Curiosity, and form the Minds of Youth. Illustra­ted with Copper Plates, in 7 vols. 12mo. price 1l. 4s. 6d.
  • 11. SALMON's Geographical Grammar, a new Edition, with great Improvements by Mr. Robert­son, price 6s. bound.
  • 12. Graecae Sententiae, price 2s. 6d.
  • 13. HOLMES's Latin Grammar, price 1s. 6d.
  • 14. HOLMES's Greek Grammar, price 2s. 6d.
  • 15. MILLER's Gardeners Kalendar, price 3s. 6d.
  • 16. PEARCE's French Spelling, price 1s.
  • 17. PEARCE's Grammar, price 2s.

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