❧ By the King.
❧ A Proclamation declaring those of Scotland, who have entred, or shall enter this Kingdom in a VVarlike manner, and their Adherents, to be Rebels and Traitours to His MAJESTIE.

WHereas the Kings most Excellent Majestie, for a long time now together, by all wayes of Mildnesse and Clemencie (beyond that of Soveraign Princes) hath endeavoured to appease the disorders and Rebellious courses and proceedings of His Sub­jects of Scotland, who upon pretences of Religion have sought to shake off His Regall Power and Government: His Majestie now findeth that His Princely Lenity towards them hath pro­duced no better effects then their encouragements still to persist in their disloyalties and Rebellions against Him: And in these their Insolencies they have now so far proceeded as to take up Arms, to gather Forces, and in a Hostile manner have entred and invaded this Kingdom of England. And as for their pretences of enjoying their Religion and Liberties, His Majestie hath already often assured them of His cleer Inten­tions and Resolutions therein. Wherefore His Majestie out of His continued Princely and tender care of that His native Kingdom, hath thought fit (by the advice of His Privie Councell) once more to make this publike Declaration to the world, that He hath left no wayes (beseeming a Prince) unattempted, whereby to reclaim and reduce them to that du­tie and obedience which Loyall Subjects do owe to their lawfull Soveraign.

And therefore His Majestie doth hereby further declare, That all those of Scotland who have already entred, or hereafter shall presume to enter, (in an Hostile or Warlike manner) into any part of this His Kingdom of England, and their Adherents and Assistants and parts of the Kingdom without any consent, nay without all knowledge of Vs, Our Com­missioner, or Councell, and directly contrary to many standing Laws at this day in force in that Kingdom, and yet pretend violation of their Laws, as one of the main causes of their brain-sick distemners.

Here therefore We take God and the world to witnesse, We hold Our self forced and con­strained to Arm, not onely to reclaim them, and to set our kingly authority right again in that Our ancient and native Kingdom, but also for the safety of this Kingdom, Our loyall Subjects in it, with their wives, children, and goods, as well as Our own, against the rage and fury of these men and their Covenant. And this We think fit to let you further know, that We hope in time to make the best of them see that We will endure no such Co­venant and Band in Our Kingdom, to which We shall not consent: So the question is not now, whether a Service Book to be received or not; nor whether Episcopall govern­ment shall be continued, or Presbyteriall admitted, but whether We are their King or not: For though in some of their Libels they give Vs good words, and speak Vs fair for their own ends, especially in their last, Printed at Edenburgh, February quarto 1639. yet some of them refuse both the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy, and publikely maintain that they are not obliged to take the same. Now how can We think these men are dutifull and loyall in their hearts, that broach such dangerous Opinions, or Religiously minded that teach such Rebellious Doctrine, and so contrary to all which Protestant Divines teach to­wards the King and the Civill Magistrate; Nay, they have infected divers of their Coun­trey-men (which are come into other parts) with the same Venome; for three Scots-men taken in Wales, are at this day Imprisoned for direct denyall of Our Supremacie and their Al­legiance, saying, They cannot take those Oathes, because they have sworn to the Covenant. But though We have been thus milde towards them, and continued so long, yet We would not have any of them, or any of Our other Subjects think, that We can or will permit Episcopall Government, established by many Acts of Parliament in that Our Kingdom, to be abolished, seeing it is known to the whole Christian world, that the same is most Christian in it self, and most Peaceable for the Civill State, and most consonant to Monarchi­call Government.

And We would have Our Subjects of that Kingdome consider, what will become of the third Estate there in Parliament, if Episcopacie should be abrogated.

And further, We think fit to Declare unto you, and to the Christian World, That by Our Intention of introducing the Service-Book into that Kingdome, We had not the least thought of Innovation of Religion in this or that, but meerly to have a Conformity with that Worship of God which is observed within both Our other Kingdomes, though ill minded men have wrested some things in it to a sinister sence.

We further give you to understand, that there is a large Declaration coming forth, con­taining all the particular passages which have occurred in this businesse from the very be­ginning, attested with their own foul Acts, to disanull and shame their fair, but false words. But because this cannot so soon be made ready, We hold it most expedient to let this short Declaration forerun it, that Our loyall Subjects here and elsewhere, may not be infected with their false, wicked, specious, but most Seditious Informations. For example sake in their last Pamphlet (besides divers other false, base, and fawning Passages) there are these scandalous and most notorious untruths: As first, they say, That We have commit­ted the Arms Wee now take, and the Armies Wee now raise, into the hands of professed Papists, which is not more dishonourable to Our self, and the noble Persons intrusted by Vs, then odiously and notoriously false. Again they say, That some of power in the Hierarchie of England, have been the cause of Our taking Arms to Invade Our native Kingdom, and of medling with their Religion; whereas it is most certain, that no one of them have done any thing therein, but by Our own Princely direction and com­mand. And for Arms, it is notoriously known to all Our Councell then present, That their Counsels were for Peace, and have been the perswaders (asmuch as in them lay) of the undeserved Moderation wherewith We have hitherto proceeded towards so great Offenders.

And further they say, That they intend no Act of Hostility against England, unlesse they shall be necessitated in their own defence. We would fain know, defence of what? Is it of disobedience? Defence against whom? Is it not against Vs their True and Law­full Soveraign? If they will defend against Vs, it ought to be by Law, and not by Arms: That defence We shall never deny them; This by Arms We shall never permit them. Now Our Laws which they seem so much to value, are in a manner opprest by them, in so much that Our Iudges are so awed, as that they dare hardly proceed according to Law.

With these, and the like mutinous Libels, We desire Our good Subjects should not be infected, but that all of them might know the present necessity We have to Arm Our Self, which is for no other end, save onely for the safety and security of this Our King­dom, the reestablishment of Our Authorities in that, and the suppressing of such as have misled and abused Our Subjects there, and would (if not prevented) do the like here; but is no way to inforce any Innovation of Religion established in that Kingdom, or any wayes to infringe the Laws thereof, or any of their Liberties whatsoever, which are according to Law.

These are therefore to Will and Command all Our loving Subjects of this Our King­dom, That they receive no more of their seditious Pamphlets sent from Scotland, or any other place concerning those affairs, which can have no other use or influence then to draw the hearts of Our loyall People to the like rebellious courses. And that such of Our Sub­jects here, as have already received any of these Rebellious Pamphlets, do presently deli­ver them to the next Iustice of Peace, that he may send them to one of Our Secretaries, as both they and the Iustices of Peace will answer it at their uttermost perils.

And Our further Will and pleasure is, That this Our Proclamation and Declaration be read in time of Divine Service in every Church within the Kingdom, That all Our People to the meanest, may see the notorious carriages of these men, and likewise the Iustice and Mercy of all Our proceedings.

God save the King.

¶ Imprinted at London by ROBERT BARKER, Printer to the Kings most Excellent Majestie: And by the Assignes of JOHN BILL. 1638.

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