A NEW DISCOVERY OF SOME ROMISH EMISSARIES, QVAKERS; AS LIKEWISE Of some Popish Errors, unadvisedly em­braced, pursued by our ANTICOMMUNI­ON MINISTERS. Discovering the dangerous effects of their discontinuing the Frequent publick Administra­tion of the Lords Supper; the Popish Errors where­on it is bottomed; perswading the frequent Ce­lebration of it, to all Visible Church-members, with their Free-admission thereunto; and prescribing some legal Regal Remedies to redress the New Sacrilegious detaining of it from the peo­ple, where their Ministers are obstinate.

By William Prynne of Swamswicke Esquire, a Bencher of Lincolns Inne.

John 10. 10.
The Thief cometh not but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy.
Chrysost. in Mat. Hom. 49.
Ex ipsis veris Ecclesiis frequenter exeunt Seductores. Propterea nec ipsis omnino credendum est, nisi ea dicant, vel faciant, quae convenientia sint Scripturis.
August. contra Faustum Manich. l. 19. c. 10.
In nullum nomen Religionis, seu verum, seu falsum, coagulari homines possunt, nisi ali­quo Sacramentorum visibilium consortio colligentur.

LONDON, Printed for the Author, and are to be sold by Edward Thomas in Green-Arbor, 1656.

A New Discovery of some Romish Emissaries, Quakers and others; as like­wise of Popish Errors, Practices late­ly embraced, pursued, avowed by some Zealots, and Grand Deformers, in secluding their Parishioners sundry years from the Holy Communion of the Lords Supper, &c.

THe sad Complaint of old, to and of Consta [...]tius the Arrian Emperour, (who Athanasi­us epist. ad so­litariam vitam agentes. See Dr. Bilson his True Difference between Chri­stian subjecti­on, and un­christian rebel­lion. part 2. p. 182, 183. made his exorbitant Will, the only Law, and used this Papal Speech to Paulinuis, and other Orthodox Bi­shops convented before him for refu­sing to communicate with the Arrians upon his command, as being against the Ecclesiastical Canons: At quod ego volo pro Canone sit: Ita me loqu [...]nter [...] sustin [...]nt; aut ergo obtemperate, Aut vos quoque exu­les estote) made by St. Hilari [...] concerning the s [...] ­quent changes of the Christian Faith, and multiudes of Religions under his arbitrary Tyrannical Government, viz. Hilarius ad Constanti­um. l. 3. Faith is come now, rather to depend upon the Time, than on the Gospel. Our St [...] is dangerous and [...]| serable; that we have now as many faiths as wils, and as many Doctrines as manners, whiles F [...] [Page 2] are so written as we list, or so understood as we will. We make every year, and every month, a new faith, and still we [...]ch a faith, as if there were yet no faith▪ Hilarius, l. 1 Contra Constantium. This O Constantius would [...]am know of thee, what faith [...] length thou believest? Thou hast changed so of­ten, [...] know not thy faith, That is ha [...]ed to thee which useth to follow unskilfull builders, ever disliking their own doings, that thou still pullest down that thou art still set [...]ing up Thou subbertest the old with new; and the new thou rentest in sunder with a newer cor­rection; and that which was [...] corr [...]cted. thou con­demn [...]st with a second correction. O thou wicked one, What a mockery dost thou make of the Church, &c? May now be the dolorous just complaint of every sin­cere English Christian, touching the manifold changes of Faiths, the multiplicities of Religions in our Verti­ginous, unstable, arbitrary and Tyrannical Age; where­in too many of all Degrees, make their own exorbi­tant lawless wills, the only Laws, Canons by which they act; making Faith to depend rather upon their pleasures (yea worldly designs) than on the Gospel; setting up of late years amongst us as many Faiths as Wills, as many Doctrins, opinions, as we have Man­ners, Sects; coyning, venting, professing, what New Faiths they list, and understanding our antient Creeds as they please to interpret them; new-making, or at least imbracing a new Faith every year, if not almost every month; running from one New Sect, Faith, O­pinion to another, still seeking after the newest Faith, as if they had quite lost the old; changing so often, that none know of what Faith or Sect they are; being one month. Presbyterians, the next Independents, the 3d. Anabaptists, the 4th. Quakers, the 5th. Ra [...]ers, the 6th. Seekers, the 7th. Arrians, Anti-Trinitarians; the 8th. Socinians, the 9th. Arminians, the 10th. Antinomians, the 11th. Antiscripturists; & the 12. professed Atheists. Subverting their old Church, Religion, Faith, Sect, [Page 3] with a New one, that New, with a Newer, that Newer, with the Newest and last broached, (as our Fashion-mongers change the shape of their garments) till they have utterly lost all Faith, Piety, Religion, Conscience; and made the Church of Christ a meer Mockary; yea Christ himself, a Fable.

Neither are they lesse giddy or unstable in their State-Mutations than in their Ecclesiastical or Religi­ous, still changing from one mishapen New-Model to a­nother; so as whatVariae Historiae l. 5. c. 13. Aelianus records of the sickle­pated seditious Athenians (the first inventors of New State Governments) is as really verified of these English Innovators. Athenienses omnino ad commutan­dos Re [...]publica status eran [...] versatiles, & omnium pro­p [...]sissimi ad vicissitudines, &c. In which respect [...]am. 1. 8. St. James his character of a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways, is now become their proper [...]st Motto, unlesse they like Iude 12, 13, 16, 19. S St. Judes better; These be spott in your Feasts of Charity, feeding themselves without fear: Clouds they are without water, carried about with winds: Trees, whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead▪ plucked up by the roots: Raging waves of the Sea, foaming out their own shame. wandring stars, to whom is reserved the blacknesse of darknesse for ever: Murmu­rers, complainers, walking after their own lusts, &c. These be they who separa [...]e themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit; though they proclaim themselves, the only Saints having the Spirit; which I grant most true, if meant of1 John. 4. 6. the Spirit of Error; or thatIsay. 19. 13, 14. Spirit of perversities (or gidd [...]nesses) he Lord mingled in the midst of Aegypt, and the Princes of Zoan, which caused Aegypt, (and now England) to erre in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggere [...]h in his vomit.

That subtile Romish Non Docto­res, sed seduct­ores; non Pa­stores, sed Im­postores. Ber­nard. seducing Emissaries, Jesuites, Franciscans, Popish Priests, Friers of all sorts, disguised under the Vizors of Independents, Anabaptists, Dippers, Quakers, Ra [...]ers, Seekers, Soldiers, Factors, Marchants▪ [Page 4] Artificers, and mechanick Professions of all sorts, have been the principal Instruments to infuse this Spirit of Giddinesse into our intoxicated besotted English brains; the original Plotters, Broachers, Fomentors, Propagators of all the deplorable Warrs, Divisions, Errors, Sects, Heresies, Blasphemies, New Faiths, Changes of Government, which have of late years miserably rent both our Nations, Churches, Kingdoms, (heretofore1 Iacobi c. 1, 2. 3. Iac. c. 1. happily united [...] in Christian Amity, Unity, under one Hereditary Soveraign) into diverse incoherent pieces, Schisms, Factions, Chur­ches, irreconcilably divided from and against each o­ther (threatningMat. 12. 25. 26. Gal. 5. 15. our inevitable speedy ruine, with­out Gods infinite, reconciling, reuniting Mercy, be­yond all human probabilities) I have at large demon­strated by irrefragable Evidences formerly published inIn my Co­zens his Coze­ning Devoti­ons, Q [...]ench­cole, The Po­pish [...]Royal Fa­vorite, Romes Master-piece. Hidden works of Darkness brought to pub­like Light. Can­terburies Doom. Speech in Par­liament. M [...] ­mento [...] A Gos­pel plea. Ius Patronatus, Epistle to a Seasonable Le­gal Vindicati­on, &c. A New Discovery of Free-State Ty­ranny: The Quakers un­masked. sundry printed Pieces: to which I shall adde some other Fresh Evidences, to open the closed eyes, awa­ken the Drowsie spirits of our infatuated, stupid English Nation, and reclaim them (if possible) from those ways of desolation, in which they run on headlong, without deliberation, discretion, fear or wit.

1. It is worth our special observation, that inSee Dr. Iohn White his way to the True Church, and Preface before it: & My Quakers un­marked. Lancashire and those other Northern parts, where Popish Priests, Friers, Recusants formerly most abounded, there our last, newest, up-start Sect of Quakers first sprung up, and now most of all abound; sending out their Popish Ro­mish Emissaries thence into all other parts of the Realm, to seduce the people, and openly to revile, traduce, affront, disturb our Ministers in their Chur­ches, Pulpits, Houses; in going to, returning from their Churches, and in the open streets, in a more insolent manner, and with greater impunity, than ever the Popish Priests, Friers, or Papists in those parts, affronted, reviled, disturbed them heretofore, when they were most countenanced or connived at by our late Kings, or their Officers; being encouraged thereunto by many in grea­test Authority in those parts, of which I have seen lat [...] [Page 5] sad complaints in Letters of Ministers thus insufferably abused, disturbed daily by them, to their great vexa­tion; not only against See Lam­bert, f. 195. 333. 416. Da [...]on, p. 124, 115. Com­ple [...]t Justice, p. 223. the late Statute of 1 Mariae, c. 3. but the antient Fundamental Laws of England be­fore the Conquest, Heveden Annalium pars post [...]rio [...], p. 601, 602. Lambardi Archaion. Spel­manni Concil. p. 619, 620. See 8 H. 6. c. 1. Ra­stall▪ Parl. 12. presented to William the Conqueror himself upon Oath, by the famous Grand E [...]quest of 12 of the principal men chosen out of every County, and ra­tified by him i [...] Parliament in the 4th. year of his reign; providing for the peace and quiet of the Ministers and peo­ple too, against all affronts and disturbances, both in their going to, continuance in, and returning from their Churches, or Synods, (as well as to our Parliaments, and other Courts of Justice) still in full Legal vigour; by which, all such disturbers may, and ought to be fined, impriso­ned upon conviction, according to the quality of their offen­ces, as well asSee Daltons Iustice of Peace, c. 38. other disturbers, infringers of the pub­like Peace, and bound both to the Peace and good behaviour for the future, ere released, with sufficient sureties.

2ly. It is remarkable, that these New Quakers were sent from those Northern Counties, into other quarters of the Kingdom, two by two, at first; no doubt by the direction of their Popish Provincial, just as the Franciscan Friers are sent out by their Provincial. In theSee My Royal Popish Favorite. Romes Master­piece. Hidden Works of Dark­ness brought to publike Light. Canterburies D [...]om. years 1638, 1639, and 1640. there were sundry Franciscans, with whole swarms of Jesuits, Benedicti [...]s, and other Friers sent from forein parts, into England, Scotland, Ireland, Virginia, St. Christophers, and other English Plantations, to reduce the people back to Rome, towards which we were then running post. The Original Instruments of some of their Missions, with sundry of their Letters, Papers under their own hands and s [...]a [...]s, relating their intentions, proceedings, (seised in the Ca­pucins Cell, ad [...]oyning to the late Queens Chappel at So­merset-house, and in Mary-land, (by a Sea-Captain my Client) where the Jesuites erected a New Colledge and Society, the whole History whereof, and of their procee­dings in those parts, was comprised in their Letters) [Page 6] Gods providence brought into my hands, when they▪ and their seduced instruments were most busie in re­forming, new-modelling our Church, Religion, Parlia­ments▪ Realms, Government, after the prescribed patterns of Robert Parsons the Jesuit, Thomas Campanella the Frier, and Richelieu the French Cardinal; as I have My Speech in Parl. Me­mento; Epistle to my [...]us Pa­tronatus; And Historical Le­gal Vindication. elsewhere demonstrated beyond contradiction. The chiefest of these Instruments, Letters, Papers (of great concernment to our Church, State, Religion) I inten­ded long since to have published: ButSee a New Discovery of Free-State Ty­ranny. Jo. Bradshaw and his Whitehall Associats (out of their transcendent zeal to our Religion and Republike) in the end of June, 1650, by special warrants directed to Soldiers, plundred me of those, & all my other Papers, Letters, Writings, Records in my Study at Lincolns I [...]ne, and at Swains­wicke, which they could seise on; and then shut me up close Prisoner under strictest armed Guards, in 3. remote Castles, near 3. whole years, without any particular cause then or since expressed, or the least hearing or examination of me, only to hinder my Discoveries and publications of this Nature; whiles these Romish Emissaries, in the mean time, wandred freely up and down throughout our Domini­ons without restraint, See the Beacous [...]red. published many thousands of Po­pish, heretical, blasphemous New Books; and some of them were Souldiers in pay in their very Guards; no doubt to help extirpate Popery, Superstition, Heresie, Schism, and for the Preservation, Defence, and Reformation of the Protestant Religion, the preservation of the Rights and Pri­viledges of Parliament, the Liberties of the Kingdom, t [...]e Honour, Happinesse, Defence and Preservation of the Kings Majesty and his Posterity, according to theA Collecti­on of all Pub­like Ordinances p. 424, 425. Tenor of the Solemn League and Covenant, the quite con­trary way; and promoting their New Engagement, dia­metrically repugnant thereunto. Yet, notwithstan­ding all their diligent Searches, by Gods providence, they left one of those Original Popish Missions in Parchment, under Seal, undiscovered, (which I lately [Page 7] found in my Study at L [...]colns Inne) whereby two Franciscans were sent by their Provincial of Bri [...]ain, in the year 1639. to St. Christophers, and other Western I­lands where we had plantations; who ended their pro­gresse at Somerset-house, (where this Instrument was seised;) which beca [...]se it may give some light towards the Discovery of our Quakers Missions in like man­ner two by two, I shall here pri [...]4t verb [...]tim out of the Original in my custody; seen by many of my Friends.

Admodum Venerabili PatriFratri. F: Hugoni Ancenisiensi, Ordinis Fratrum Minorum, Sancti Francisci Capuci­norum, Sacerdoti,Frater. F: R [...]phael Nannetensis ejusdem Ordinis, et In Provincia Britanni [...] Provinc [...]a­lis, licet immeritus, Salutem, In eo qui est vera Sa [...]us.

CUm divino incensus amore, et animarum Salutis sollicitudine pulsus, ex hac nostra Britanniae Provincia ad Insulas Occidentales per longa maris pericula sis vela facturus, ut illius regionis populos in umbra mortis sedentes, in [...]ucem veritatis Christianae omni cum studio adducere valeas; Nobisque ex regu­lae Seraphyci Patris Francisci praescripto incumbat, de mittendorum idonietate judicare, et à sancta Sede sit Nobis concessum, quos ad tale Apostolicum munus obeundum dignos censuerimus, illuc dirigere. Te, cujus Pietas et fervor animi animarumque Zelus No­bis innotuit, ad id munus, cum salutaris obedientiae merito et RR. PP. Definitorum applausu, ad Insulam Sancti Christopheri, Martiniam, aut aliam Insulam Oc­cidentalem; Ibique commorandi, si opus [...]nerit, Con­fessiones excipiendi, caeteraque tui muneris Apostolici Officia exercendi, donec per Nos vel Successorem nostrum tibi aliter innotuerit; Vna cum V. P. F. Epiphanio Alenconiensi, in nomine Domini mittimus et [Page 8] deputamus. Ut autem dignè quantum fierr poterit in tam celebri Missione peragenda te geras, omnibus fa­cultatibus per nostra Privilegia concessi [...] gaudere at (que) uti, in quantum se extendit nostra authoritas, libenter tibi concedimus. Monentes [...]e [...]ut cum omni studio, vigil [...]ia, zelo, alacritate ac fidei fiducia, nec minus P [...]etate▪ ac cum proximis Evangelica conversatione, quam doctrina, instanter ad hoc eximium, Deoque, ac Seraphyco Pat [...]i nostro [...]Pra [...]ciso acceptum opus te accin­gas. Rogamus autem omnes Christi fideles, ad quos in Itinere te divertere contigerit, aut quorum auxilio, consilio et favore indigueris, ut te tanquam unum obe­dientiae [...]ilium cum omni Charitate recipiant; fidem facientes omnibus praesentes Li [...]eras [...] inspecturis, de tua in fide constantia, doctrinae puritate, necnon Reli­giosae vitae immaoulata [...] observantia. Vade igitur in pace, Deumque pro Nobis deprecare. Datum in Conventu nostro Nannctensi die septimo Novembris Anni 1639.

F. Raphael Provincialis. Ims▪

The Seal a [...]ixed to these Letters Missives is Oval, near 3. Inches in compasse, having St. Francis and a­nother Friers Portraitures cut in it, standing over a­gainst each other, with a Book held up between them in their hands, and the holy Ghost, in form of a Dove, standing upon it, with his wings spread abroad over it and them, and a Coat of Arms at their Feet, with this Inscription in Capital Letters round about the Seal, Sigillum Pro. F F. in Capuc Provinc. Britan. lcross;.

Those who will diligently compare these Letters Missives with our Quakers Missions and Practices, may doub [...]lesse discern A [...]ranciscan Provincial, and Fran­ciscan Friers, to be the principal original Contrivers, Directors of, and activest instruments in their late Missions two by two into all our Dominions, to distract, [Page 9] seduce the people with their Franciscan Ten [...]nts of E­vangelical Perfection, &c. their Franciscans coarse ha­bits, H [...]ir [...]th, Fasts, Mortifications, Revelations Pra­ctices, railings against our Ministers Persons, Callings, Doctrines, Tithes, &c. which I haveMy Q [...] [...]ersunm s [...]ked. Edit. 2. elsewhere more largely detected, andThe New­castle Mini­sters, Mr. Far­mer, Mr. Bax­ter, and others. others ins [...]ed on in print, to whom I remit the Reader for fuller information. And to this relation of a Gentleman lately arrived at Bristol from Marcelles in France, whose name is Mr. Charls Chester: who informed some persons of credit in Bristol, (from whose mo [...]ths I had it) ‘That at his being at Marcelles, there came thither two Francis­can Capuchin Friers in their habits, who begged some relief from him and other English there, pre­tending they were Englishmen, newly come forth of England, and travelling towards Rome upon some occasions: whom he entertaining with good English beer (a rarity in those parts) when they were a lit­tle warmed with it, they began to discourse more freely with him upon his demands, how long, and in what parts they had been in England, and what persons they knew there? They answered, that they had been in England some years space, and par­ticularly in London and Bristol; that they were very well acquainted with sundry particular persons in both places, whom they named to him (some whereof are the principal Male and Female Quakers in Bristol, whose names I forbear) that they went there under the name of North-Country men (as the Ringleaders of the Quakers all doe) but in truth they were Irish-men born [...]; and when they had dis­patched their businesse at Rome, intended to return shortly into England again. And upon his first rela­tion he added; That himself saw and heard them speak to the Quakers at the Red lodge in Bristol [...], at one of their meetings there.’

If we add to this relation, that passage in Thomas [Page 10] Campanella De Monarchia Hispanica, cap. 25. (De Anglia, Scotia, & Hiberria, how to reduce them under the Spaniard and Pope, by reducing them from Kingdoms Hereditary, into an Elective Kingdom, or into the form of A Commonwealth, &c.) Where he thus writes of Ireland, p. 207. Quod in Regno illo, seu Insula, Catho­lici maxime monachi ordinis S. Francisci summope­re deamentur, &c. Comparing it with the late monstrous increase of Jesuites, but especially of these Friers and Monks in Ireland, before the wars there brake forth, in which they were most active, as I haveHidden works of dark­nesse brought to publike light, p. 93. 100, 101, to 214. 218, to 252. elsewhere discovered in folio by undeniable evidences, to which I refer the Reader: And then compare them with the late extraordinary growth of Anabaptists and Quakers throughout Ireland, who have overspred that kingdom since the wars there ended, by means of those Jesuits, & Franciscan Capucin Friers, who turn disguised Anabaptists and Quakers to undermine our Church, Religion, Ministers, and se­duce the people under these disguises, with more free­dom, safety, countenance, successe, than ever they did formerly by any other Policies, or the open profession of Popery; we may doublesse conclude, that they are the original erectors, the principal Ring-leaders, Fomentors of these encreasing New Sects throughout our Domi­nions; as Ramsy the Scotish Jesuite (under the mas [...] of a Converted Jew) confessed in his considerable Ex­amination taken at New-castle, printed 1653. p. 4, 5, 11, 12, 13. and Mr. Edwards in the third part of his Gangrena, p. 99. Yea, O. Cromwell himself (a witnesse beyond all exception) in his printed Speech in the Painted Chamber (before the last Assembly there) Sept. 4. 1654. p. 16, 27. have published to the whole world.

To put this out of further question; I shall here unto subjoyn one late discovery of an Irish Francisca [...] Frier, and Missionary of the Pope, now in Prison at Bristol, which I shall more at large insist on, and desire all co­dial [Page 11] well-wishers to the Protestant Religion, and their Native Country, to take special notice of.

On the 20 of November last 1655. the Mayor of Bristol examining a Malefactor there brought before him, was informed by a by-stander, that there was one walking over against them, whom he saw in this Malefactors company, and seemed to him a suspicious person. Whereupon an Officer was sent to bring him to the Mayor; Giving no good account what he was, or whence he came, he was there upon ordered to be further examined and searched. Upon which he feign­ed a present necessity to ease Nature, and withdrawing himself for that end to an House of Office, the Of­ficers attending him, imagining it was but an excuse, to convey away some things he had about him, per­ceived him to thrust his hand up under his doublet in­to his bosom, and into the li [...]ings of his hose, to take some things thence to convey into the Jakes. Where­upon laying hands on him, and narrowly searching him, they found sundry Papers and Letters in his Hose and Bosom; and these large Faculties granted to him by the Provincial of the Friers Minorites, Under Hand and Seal, which I lately transcribed with my own hand before some persons of Quality, out of the Ori­ginal Instrument it self, [...]emaining in the custody of the Town-Clark of the City of Bristol, discovering the quality of the party, and the large Popish Faculties conferred on him, suited to the present times, most of them worthy our special observation.

Facultates venerando admodum PatriFratri. F. Mauxi­cio Conrio, Sacrae Theologiae Lectori, &c. Communi­catae.

I.See Decla­ration de Pere Basil. A Sedane 1639. p. 116▪ REconciliandi Haereticos, & Absolvendi in omnibus Casibus a [...] Censuris, & in Bulla Coe­nae Domini▪ omnes etiam Ecclesiasticos & R [...]gulares.

[Page 12] II. Dispensandi cum Clericis super Irregularitate quacunque occasione contracta, praeterquam Homicidii volun [...]arii.

III. Tenendi & Legendi Libros Haereticos, & quos­cunque Prohibitos, ad e [...]ectum illos oppugnandi; Ita ta­men ut praedicti Libri non extrahantur extra Regio­nem. Quod si opus fuerit Laicis eandem facultatem fa­ciondi, non fiat absolute, sed ad certum terminum majo­rem vel mino [...]em, pro ratione personae.

IV. Administrandi Sacramenta omnia Parochialia, omissis pro necessitate solennitatibus & Ceremoniis solitis, non tamen necessariis.

V. Ubi Breviarium ferri non possit, vel recitari offici­um abs (que) periculo, recitandi Rosarium Beatae Mariae Virginis, vel alias Orationes, ac Psalmos, quos memoria t [...]net.

VI. Consecrandi Calices, Patenas & Altaria Portati­lia▪ oleo tamen ab Episcopo benedicto: benedicendi Paramenta ad Missae sacrificium necessaria: nec tene­antur inquirere, an Altaria portatilia contineant Re­liquias necne.

VII. Celebrandi Missas, quocunque loco decenti, & sub dio, subtus terram, tribus horis ante lucem Hyeme, u­na hora post Meridiem, bis in die, ubi necessitas postula­verit; & coram Haereticis, aliis (que) personis excommunica­tis, dummodo Minister non sit Haereticus.

VIII. Hostiam Consecratam servandi in loco de­centi, sine lumine, aliis (que) Ceremoniis quibus utitur Ec­clesia.

IX. Commutandi quaecunque vota, etiam jur [...]a, [...] Castitatis, & Religionis: & relarandi ju­ramenta, modo non fiat ad prejudicium tertii.

X. Dispensandi ob magnam Necessitatem in tertio gradu; modo etiam ante contractum Matrimoni­um.

XI. Concedendi Indulgentiam plenariam in prima Confessione, et quotannis in Festis celebrioribus, et in [Page 13] mortis articulo, et quotiescunque Gen [...]ralem Confessio­nem pecca [...]orum fecerint, etiam Indulgentiam 40. aut 50 dicrum ad libitum.

XII. Imprimendi et edendi Libros Catholicorum, tacito Nomine Authoris, loci, Typographi, ac reliquorum, Non obstante Concilio Tridentino, modò fuerint ap­probati à Nobis, vel ab atiis per Nos delegandis.

XIII. Dispensandi cum Conversis ad [...]idem Catholi­cam, super fructibus Bonoru [...] Ecclesiarum malè per­ceptis.

XIV. Absolvendi Haereticos cujus [...]ungue Nationis morantes in Anglia: [...]tamen ex parti [...]us in quibus exercetur sanctae Inquisitionis officium in foro con­scientiae.

XV. Applicandi piis usibus bona restituend [...] incertis Dominis.

Poterit ad tertium Ordinem administrare, modo in­structiones similes et ubique conformes adhibeantur. Et habeant Registrum nominum roceptorum [...] annum et diem tam receptionis [...] quam Profes [...]ionis quae ad capitulum Provinciale deferet.

De Uniformitate Fratrum.

Pro majore Devotione [...] populi ordinatur, [...] Sacer­dotes in Celebratione M [...]ssae grav [...]tèr [...]t religio [...] obser­ventur omnia quae ad hoc institauntur in Ceremoniis, Missalis.

In audiendo vero Missam observent Ceremonias nostrae sacrae Religionis, uniformitèr, in quantum ra­tio temporis permittit; praesertim in singulis Eleva­tionibus, of [...]entur terram.

In recitatione Offici [...] divini, pro more fiat ante Alta­re. In Psalmis et Lectionibus, sedea [...];Let those who use these Ceremonies still observe it. surgendo et inclinando Ad Gloria Patri, &c. surgant etiam a [...] Fvangelium, Capitulum et Hymnos in cor [...] Altaris. Ad Magnificat verò, Nun [...] Dimittis, Benedict [...], Te [Page 14] Deum, cum Collectis, ad medium Altaris.

Post Commemorationes Ordinis in Completa [...]io▪ semper dicant, Tota pulchraes, &c. in honorem imma­culati Conceptionis: adjungendo versum; Mem [...]nt [...] Congregationis tuae. Resp: quam possedisti ab initio; cum Collecta.

Omnipotens aeternè Deus Custos Hierusalem Civitatis supernae, aedifica & custodi nos et Ordinem nostrum, Regem, [...]egnum, et domum istam, cum omnibus Fra­tribus habitatoribus suis, ut perpetuum sit in illis do­miciliunt salutis, Charitatis et Pacis, per cuudem Chri­stum Dominum nostrum: Amen.

Ante Missam Principalem.

Pro Conversione Patriae semper recitentur Litaniae Lauritaneae.

Singulis Feriis sextis in honore Passionis Domini­cae Curent in quantum commoditas loci fert omnes Domesticos convocari, et quas Letanias ma [...]ores quae quotidie pro more recitantur, actum Con [...]ritiori [...] so­lennem sicut in instructionibus habetur Choratim re­peti.

An Act of Contrition.

O My Lord Jesus Christ, true God and Man, my Creator and Redeemer, thou being whom thou art, and for that I love thee above all things, it grieveth, it greiveth me, it grieveth me from the bottom of my heart, that I have offended thy divine Majesty, and I firmly purpose Never to sin any more, and to flie all occasions of offending the [...], t [...] confesse my sins, and perform the Penance injoyned me for the same. And for th [...] [...]ove of thee, I do freely par­don all mine Enemies; and do offer my life, words, & works in satisfaction for the same. Wherefore I most [Page 15] humbly beseech thee, t [...]usting in thy infinite Goodnesse and M [...]rcies, that by the Merits of thy precious Bloud and Passion thou wouldest pardon my Offences, and grant me Grace to amend my life, and to persevere therein till death. Amen▪ Jesus.

Ut haec omnia prout jacent observentur praecipio, et pro ma [...]ore firmitat Provinciae majori sigillo, et proprio Chirographo communio hac▪ 23. [...]eb. An Dom. 1654.

That is, Fra­ter Daniel à Sancto Johanne (St. John) Mi­norum Pro­vincialis. Fr: Dan [...] a S. Joanne Mnr. Prlis:

Over against the Provincials name there is the Pro­vincial Seal in r [...]d wax with a white paper over it, in an Oval form (like the former) about 3. inches in com­passe; with the Picture of St. Francis (as I conceive) carved in the midst of the seal, and an inscription in Capital Letters round about the Seal, most of which are so bruised, that they are not legible; but sigillum Prov: seems to be ingraven on that side of it which is least defaced; as in the formentioned Letters Mis­sives to Frier Hugo.

1. By these Faculties under Seal (written in Pa­per, not Parchment) it is most apparent, that this Maurice Conry, to whom they are Granted, is: First a person of very great note and esteem; as the mani­fold and large Faculties, powers granted to him; and the 4. first words, Facultates, Venerando admodum Pa­tri, &c. import. 2ly, That he is by his Order, A Frier Minorite, or Capucin, of Saint Francis Or­der. 3ly, That he is a Professor of Divinity; as his Title Sacrae Theolog [...] Lector, &c. his 3d. Faculty, to refute Heretical Books which he reads, and 12. To print and publish Books, &c. manifest him to be. 4ly. That he is a great Scholar in the repute of the Pro­vincial and others who granted him these Faculties; and himself confesseth in his Ex [...]mi [...]at [...]on, that he was a Student for two years in the Ʋniversity of Paris, and af­ter that went to Prague from thence. 5ly, That he is most [Page 16] certanly a Seminary Priest in Orders, as is evident. 1. By his first Faculty; To reconcile, and absolve Hereticks in all cases. 2. By his 4th; To administer all parochial Sacraments. 3ly, By his 7. To celebrate Masses in all convement places; yea, in the open [...]ields, and in any Vault or Cellar under the earth; and that twice a day, if there be necessity; and that before Hereticks and Excommu­nicate persons, at certain hours there pr [...]fixed. 4ly, By his 8. To keep the consecrated Hostia in a decent place. 5ly, By his 9. To commute any Vows, and release Oathes. 6 [...]y, By his 11. To hear Confessions, and grant Indulgences in such form as is there expressed. 7ly, By his 14. Faculty of absolving Hereticks of what Nation soever residing in ENGLAND: where (as this Clause imports) he was principally to exercise his Priesthood, and all these his Faculties. 8ly, By all the subsequent instructions and ceremonies he was prescribed to observe in the saying of Masses and Letanies. All a [...]d every of which, by the See Grati­an, de Conse­crat, distinct. 1, 2. Summa An­gelica & Rosel­l [...]. Tit. Absolu­tio, Confessio, Missa, &c. Bo­chellus, Decreta Eccles. Gall. l. 1. Tit. 6, 7. l. 2. Ti [...]. 7. Canons, Missals Pontifical, Ceremonial and Penitenti­aries of the Church of Rome, are proper and peculiar only to their Priests in sacred Orders, and none others. 6ly, That he hath more than Priestly, and no lesse than Episcopal power granted him in the 1. 2. 6. 9. 12. 13. and 15 Faculties: To reconcile and absolve Hereticks, and all Ecclesiastical and Regular persons: To dispense with the irregularities of Priests in all cases but of wilfull mur­ther: To consecrate Chalices, Patens, Altans, and all things necessary for the sacrifice of the Masse: To com­mute vows; release oaths; Dispence with mariages in the 3d degree; For the perception of the profits of Ecclesiasti­cal goods: To apply goods restored to pious uses; and to admit to the 3d. Order (the Papists See Summa Angelica & Rosella, Tit. Or­do. Bochellus Decret. Eccles. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 2. D [...] Ordine▪ Pe­ter Lumbard. Sent. l. 4. dist. 24. qu. 1. School-men have 7. and their Canonists 9. distinct Orders.) All which theLaur. Bo­chellus, Decre­ta Eccles. Gall. l. 5. Tit. 8. l. 4. Tit. 1. Gratian de Cons [...]cratione, Distinct. 1. Panormitan, Hostien­sis, Angelus de Clavas [...]o, Thomas Zerula, A [...]tonius Corsetus, and others, Tit. Epis­copus, Consecratio Altaris, &c. Popish Canons, Canonists, School-men, appropri­ate [Page 17] only to Archbishops and Bishops, and not to any meer Priests alone, but by a special delegated Power from the Pope; as doth the Roman Pontifical and Cere­monial. All which considered, no doubt this Frier is a very considerable Person, and Arch-agent for the Pope and See of Rome, to reconcile, reduce us back un­to it; therfore fit to be throughly examined and inqui­red after. And so much the rather, because he confes­eth in his Examination, he was employed and sent over into England from Germany about 3. years since, under the name and garb of A Captain and souldier, (under which no doubt many hundreds of Friers, Prieds, Je­suits now lurk and march freely amongst us) to raise men in England and Ireland, and transport them into Flan­ders for the service of the King of Spain; That he was oft at the Spanish Embassadors in London, where he served a Spaniard; and that h [...] received these Facul­ties from a Gentleman at the Spanish Embassadors, to carry to another of his Name. Besides, he hath 3. or 4. Passes writen in French and Spanish, from the Go­vernour of Flanders, and other Officers and Commanders of the King of Spain, under their Hands and Seals, for his Free passage without danger or molestation, and assist­ance in his affairs, to all under their commands, and for his passage into England: Therefore, no doubt, a special dangerous Agent, if not Spy and Intelligencer for the Spaniard, as well as a seducing Priest and Frier, under the vizor of a Captain and Souldier, as even his own Provincial stiles him in a Latin Letter found a­bout and writ to him, when he sent him some Books and these large Faculties, congratulating his good successes, and great Harvest here, and incouraging him to proceed therein. True it is, in his Examinations, he confesseth his Name to he Maurice Co [...]ry, born at Ardkillin in the County of Roscomon in Ireland; and that he was a Student in the University of Paris, &c. but denyeth him­self to be the same party mentioned in the [...] Faculties, [Page 18] which were delivered to him by a Gentleman (whose name he knows not) at the Spanish Embassadors in Lon­don, to carry to another of his Name, without acquain­ting him, where he lived, or how to find him, or any Letters to him; he promising to send him further In­structions afterwards (which yet he hath not done) where to deliver them to him. But this very improba­ble figment, that any Gentleman he knew not, should de­liver a stranger such Faculties of importance to carry to another of his name; without acquainting him where to find him, or without any Letters to him, or present Instructions where to deliver them; his sewing them up between the linings of his hose; his endeavours to convey them into the house of Office when seised; the Latin Letter directing them to himself under the Name of a Captain and Souldier; his 5. Passe-ports all under the same Name to himself alone (not any other) found all together with it about him; with the Latin Popish Treatise found about him, Against Priests de­serting their flocks and pastoral charge in times of persecu­tion, unlesse in some special cases; &c. besides other cir­cumstances; infallibly prove him to be the self-same person to whom they were directed, and such a one as they describe him: he being between 30 and 40 years of age, as is conceived, professing himself a Roman Ca­tholick, and refusing the Oath of Abjuration. He pre­tendeth his stay in England of late, and his intended pas­sage to Ireland (for which end he came to Bristol) was to compound for his Estate in Ireland: Which doubtlesse is a fiction; he confessing he was not there in many years before, and went from Paris, where he studied, &c. into Germany to seek his fortune; where he turned Souldier, which fortune he would not have sought in Germany, had he a fortune in Ireland. Yea, his last re­fuge to disprove himself a Priest, seems to me a strong evidence against him. After many Letters and solli­citations by Friends to procure his enlargement with­out [Page 19] trial, there is a lewd woman sent down from Lon­don to Bristol with a great Belly, and there newly deli­vered of a child, who avers he is her lawfull Husband; and therefore can be no Priest, or Frier, having a wife. But there being already some proofs against her, no proof at all when, where, or how long they have been maried, or lived together, she is more likely to be his harlot (whichCornelius [...]grippa, De Vanitate Scien­tia [...]um. c. 63. Espencaeus de Contine [...]tiea, l. 3. c. [...]. & in Tit. 1. Grava­minia Germa­ni [...]e. Popish Priests have, or may have all Licenses to keep) than wife. And if any mariage be­tween them can be proved; it will beSee Bishop Jewels Defence of the Apology, part. 2. c. 8. Di­vis. 3. p. 188. to 195. no strange nor new thing for Popes to dispence with Priests and Frie [...]s ma­riages in this age, only to secure them from Justice, and palsiate them from the knowledge or discovery of the common people, and ignorant Officers unacquainted with their disguises: and that if they consider the ma­nifold dispensations granted to this Maurice Conry in these Faculties; the second thing considerable in them worthy special observation.

1. Faculty 3. He is dispensed with the keeping and rea­ding of Haeretical Books: and hath power to grant the same Faculty where there is need to Lay-men, for a larger or lesser time, as he shall think me [...]t, Against theSee Laur. Bochellus De­creta Eccles. Gal. l. [...]. Tit. 10. De Libris Vetit [...]s. Gosper Quiroga; Dr. James and o­thers. ex­presse Decrees of many Popish Councils, Canons, Popes Bulls, & Indices librorum Prehibitorum, et Purgandorum. And by such dispensations most Jesuites, Priests, Fri­ers, and Roman Catholikes in England, keep English Bibles, and some Protestant Books in their Houses, and resort to publike and private Meetings, to preserve them from detection, apprehension, and Sequestra­tion as such.

2ly, Faculty 4. He may Bochellus Decret. Eccles. Gall. l. [...]. Tit. 6. l. 2. Tit. 1. De Sacramentis: & other Cano­nists of that Title. omit all Solemnities and usual Ceremonies in administring all Parochial Sacra­ments in cases of Necessity, Prohibited byBochellus Ib. l. 1. Tit. 9. & p. 1339. sundry Canons, and Councils, the Roman Missal and Ceremo­nial.

3. Faculty 5. Where he cannot carry his Breviary, or recite his Office without danger; There he may rehearse [Page 20] the Rosary of our Lady, and other Prayers and Psalms without Book: And omit his Breviary and Mass. Against sundry Canons, and the Rules of his very Order.

IV. He may consecrate portable Altars, without in­quiring whether there be any Sts. Reliques in them. Facul­ty 6. Contrary to Gratian de Consecrat. dist. Bochellus, De­cret. Eccles. Gal. l. 4. Tit. 1. and 5. Summa [...]ngel. Cons [...]at. Eccl. & Alta­ris. Popish Councils, and the Pontifical.

V. He may celebrate Masses in any place; in a Hall, Chamber, Barn, Wood, Field, Lane, C [...]ller, Vault, Under ground (as well as in a Consecrated Church or Chapel, where Masses byGratian De Consecrat. Dist 1. & 2. Bochellus De­cret. l. 1. Tit. 6. lib. 9. Tit. 1. Sum. Angel. Tit. Missa. & Consicrat Eccles. Popes and Popish Councils Decrees are only to be celebrated, and by the Romish Missal, Ponti­fical, & Ceremonial) Facultie 7.

VI. He may reserve the consecrated Host in any decent place, without a Taper burning before it, or other Ce­remonies used, though prescribed by the Church of Rome, byBochellus Decret. l. 3. Tit. 1. p. 363, 364, 372, &. 554. many Councils, Canons, Decrees, Missale Pontificale & Ceremoniale Romanum. Facultie 8.

VII. He may say Masse before Hereticks and other ex­communicated pers [...]ns,Bochellus Decr. Eccl. Gal. l. 2. Tit. 14. and others hereafter ci­ted. con [...]rary to sundry Canons of Popes and Popish Councils.

8. He may print and publish the Books of Catholicks, concealing the name of the Author, place of the Printer, and other circumstances, non obstante the Council of Trents Decrée to the contrary. Faculty 12. And those who will now give such a professed Non obstante in po­sitive terms to the Council of Trent it self, and grant dispensations in all these 8 particulars to their Priests, against this and sundry other Councils, Popes Decretals, the very Canon of the Masse it self, their own Pontifical, Ceremonial, Breviaries, and Rules of their Religious Or­ders, to disguise their Priests, Friers, keep them from being detected, convicted, & circumvent, seduce over­credulous Protestants of thiefest ranks, as well as the ignorant vulga; will they not dispense with a Priests, Jesuits, Friers, pretended marriage by collusion, with one of their own Religion, or a loose common strump [...]t, for the self-same ends [...] connive [Page 21] at it, if done without a precedent dispensation, as they did at the marriage of Father Mena, a fa­mous Jesu [...]te in Valladolld in Spain, Anno Dont. 1607. who married a Spanish Lady there, alleging See Bishop [...]ewels [...]e­fence of the [...] ­pology, part. 2. c. 8. divis. 3. Bishop Halls honour of the injured Clergy. many Proofs out of Scriptures and Fathers, that Priests and Jesuits might have wives as well as other men. The story whereof is recorded at large by Lew [...]s Owo [...], in his Speculum Jesulticum, London 1629. p. 5, 6, 7, 8. who adds; that if diligent inquisition were made, and th [...]t uth known, there would be some English [...]a [...]les and Gentlewomen found to be married unto Jesu­ites and See Bishop [...]ewel. ib. Jo. Bale his Acts of English Vo­taries. Cl. Es­penca [...]us de continentia. Nic. d [...] Cleman­gis onus Eccl. Alva [...]ez, Pe lagius, Aven­tinus, and o­thers. a very many [...]hat have had Ba [...]tards by them, especially such as have any good estates or portions, whereof they convey many into Flanders, Brabant, and o­ther Countries to be Jesuitesses. There being (then) in Liege, a sumptuous College built by the English Je­suites; and hard by that two houses of English Jesu­itesses, &c.

The 3. thing observable in these Faculties, is, That they make present great neces [...]ity and danger (Num. 3, 4, 5, 7, 10.) the ground of all the precedent, and other dispensations and powers granted to this Priest, (and by consequence to all others lurking amongst us) against their own Councils, Popes Decretals, Canons, Missals, Pontificals, Ceremonials, Orders, Oaths; and not only a lawfull warrant to violate them all, but to commute, release, d [...]spense with any Vowes, Covenants though sworn, and absolve Oath themselves. And letSee my Epistle to my [...] Speech in Par­liament. those, who of late, and present times have in [...]itated, equallized, out-acted them herein, and justified these their practices, in publike printed Papers, Pamphlets, upon the self-same grounds, or present great necessity and danger, now sadly consider whose Disciples they are, and who have been their Tutors herein.

The 4. remarkable thing from num. 14, 15. is this, ‘That these Friers Minorites have a power now in England, to receive others into their order, society, [Page 22] and P [...]ofession: A Register wherein to record their names, with the dates of the day and year of thei [...] reception and profession, and their Provincial Chap­ters and Assemblies, whereunto they are to be sent. And that of all sorts of Nations residing in England, (except Span [...]ards, and such who live under the Iu­quisition, where it is exercised) be they Irish, Scots, French, Dutch, Italians, &c.’ And by the Latine Pray­er therein it is most apparent, They have their private houses in England, and other our Dominions, where­unto all the Friers of this Order within certain pre­ [...]incts, resort at certain times especially on Fridays (or Saturdays) every week, and use the special prayers and Letanies herein prescribed, privately amongst themselves, For the preservation and advancement of their Order, House, all their Friers, &c.

The 5. thing of Note therein is, That before the principal Masse they are always enjoyned to recite the Lau­ri [...]an Letany (some late one of that name) for the con­version of the Country unto Rome, and Popery, here precisely required in positive terms, to which all these other faculties and their endeavours tend.

The 6. extraordinary in it, is; The inserting of most of the Ceremonies these Friers are uniformly to observe in their Masses, into this instrument, taken out of the Roman Missal, Pontifical, Ceremonial; & Missale par­vum pro Sacerdotibus in Anglia itinerantibus, printed in Quarto, Anno 1623. specially inserted after these Faculties in this instrument (as I conjecture) because they cannot now conveniently carry any Missals, Breviaries about them, for fear of being detected by them, as the 5. Facultie resolves in direct terms. A­mongst these Ceremonies 3 are observable, which our See my Canterhuries Doom. p. 64. 65. Popish Prelates much practised, pressed of late, and some yet observe, and begin to revive amongst us. And that is standing up at Gloria Patri: Bowing (to wit) at the naming of Jesus, couched in the, &c. rela­ting [Page 23] to it, and clearly prescribed in Missale & Cere­moniale Romana, &c. And standing up at the Gospel read.

The 7. observable is this, that however these dis­guised Friers seem outwardly to comply with the late and present Government and Governours to effect their own pernicious designs; yet they do not pray for them, nor their New Republike, though See my Speech in Par­l [...]ament, and Epist. to my Historical and Legal Vin­dication of the Fundamental Rights and Laws of England. instru­mental in the New modelling of it: being here directly prescribed this ordinary form of prayer, wherein they prefer themselves and their Order before the King and Realm (another remarkable) Aedisica & custodi nos & Ordinem nostrum, Rege [...], Regnum, &c.

The 8. that in the prayers here specified, there is not one syllable of Prayers to Sts. expressed, and all merits of their own, and Justification by works disclaimed, and relying upon the infinite Goodnesse, Mercies and Me­rits of Jesus Christ, and his precious blood and passion for the pardon of all sins, insisted on the English pray [...]r; Yet in the self-same prayer, there is an offer of their lives, words and works, in satisfaction for their sins, (as if Christs merits, blood, passion, were not sufficient) and a particular Manuscript Treaty in Latine, found with these faculties about him, pleads for Merits and Justification by works, against justification by Faith a­lone: yea prayer to Saints is tacitly prescribed, Facul­ty 5. In the use of the Rosary of blessed Mary the Virgin, and other Prayers, and in the use of his Beades found with him.

The 9. That these Faculties and Instrument, pre­scribe Confession, Absolution, An Act of coutrition and penance, as well as Masses, Altars, and Popish Cere­monies, where they may be conveniently used, without dan­ger of discovery.

The 10 observable is, That these Faculties proclaim all Protestants to be Hereticks sundry times, and ex ex­communicate them as such. Yet they dispence with this [Page 24] Priest, num. 7. To say Masse before Hereticks, and o­ther excommunicate persons; so as no Minister which is an Heretick be there (for fear perchance he should de­tect him for a Priest, notwithstanding the omission of most of his Masse Ceremonies here dispensed with) which I desire Dr. Drake to take special notice of; who pleads for the admission not only of scandalous, but actually excommunicate persons to be Auditors, and Spectators of the celebration of the Lords Supper, when ad­ministred, but in no ease to be actual receivers of it; as these Hereticks and excommunicated persons are meet Auditors and Spectators, but not receivers of the Sa­crament in these their Popish Masses. And thus much for this Instrument and those faculties, and the person to whom they were granted; worthy special conside­ration, which I shall close up with this Observation. That the Pope about the year 1637 made choice of 20 Capucins to send abroad with entraordinary Authority to preach and hear Confessions in places he should deem most necessary, and thereupon gives charge to their Provincial, with mature advice, with the chief of the Fathers of the Province to elect sit persons for this special service, which was then done. Amongst these one Clovet a French­man, (usually stiled Pere Ba [...]tle) was elected, and sent forth as the Popes Miss [...]onary (the eminentest of all the rest for piety and learning) who had 13 ex­traordinary Privileges and Faculties conferred on him by the Pope, confirmed by his Bull; which he soon af­ter turning Protestant, printed at large in French in his Declaration, shewing the reasons he had to separate him­self from the Church of Rome, and to joyn himself to the Reformed, A Sedane 1639. (whiles I was prisoner in Jersey, where I met with this excellent acute Decla­ration) chap. 17. p. 116, 117. The 7 first of his facul­ties there, are the very same in substance, if not in ter­minis, with he 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, and 10. Facultie [...] in this Instrument, as I find by comparing them together. [Page 25] Whereupon I conclude, that this Conry is such an extraordinary Missionary of the Pope, and hath these unusual Faculties granted to him originally by the Popes special Bull, as Pere Bastle had then, being one of the self-same Order.

I shall only give you a brief account of what other Papers were found about this Maurice Conry, with his Faculties, and conclude this discovery.

1. There were several Latin small Treatises found with him, concerning Original sin, Justification, &c. con­curring exactly with the Quakers new Franciscan Te­nets: And it would be worth inquiry, whether he hath not been a Speaker amongst them, in some place or other, during his near 3 years aboad in England▪ as well as others of his Order have been?

2. There were sundry Physical receits, and Chirurgical Medicines found about him, most worn and used, with receits to drive away, catch and kill Rats, Lice, and other Vermin; which makes me conjecture he professed himself a Physician in some places, a Chirurgion in others, a Rat-catcher in a third; since his pretended im­ployment as a Captain, and Souldier, to raise men for the King of Spain, were out of date, by a breach with Spain; as one Jervis a Priest, haunting our Quarters, hath a long time passed under the disguise of a Watch­mender, and Physician.

There were three or [...] 4 Passe-ports and safe conducts granted to him under hand and Seal by the King of Spains Officers.

4. There was this Passe-port in English amongst the rest, under hand and Seal, dated two moneths space before these extraordinary Faculties gra [...]ed to him▪ which probably might be a great motive of the Popes and his Provincials granting him, and his solliciting fo [...] and receiving such ample Faculties, with so many new­coyned dispensations to conceal him from de [...]ection.

THese are to require you to permit and suffer this bea­rer Man [...]iee Conry, quietly to passe from London into Ireland about his lawfull occasions, and to return without any trouble or molestation.

To all Officers and Soldiers under my command; and to all Captains and Comman­dors of Ships.
O. Cromwell.

Conry being examined how he obtained this Passe? answered, that An Irish Footma [...]n of the Lord Protectors obtained it f [...]r him, from his Master.

5. There was a Letter of a late date from one of his Irish Footmen (belike he who procured this Passe-port) directed to another Irish Foot-man of his Sons, Henry Cromwel, in Dublin in Ireland; specially recom­mending this Conry to him, as his indeared Friend, to do him all the Favors in his power, which he should inter­pret as done to himself; with other Letters of like recom­mendation in his Favour to some Military Officers in Ireland from some others in England. It is very obser­vable, that the Irish Capucins, and Franciscans, are some of the best and nimblest Footmen in the world, trot­ting on foot day and night from Ireland and England to Rome, Spain, France, and other forein parts, and back again and from one part of Ireland and England to ano­ther, with greatest celerity, under the disguised habits of Soldiers, Merchants, Footmen, withMy Hid­den works of Darkness, &c. p. 218. to 252. private Mes­sages, Missives, Letters, upon all occasions, especially immediatly before, during, and since the late Irish wars. And therefore it may be justly suspected, that some of them are become principal Footmen to the greatest per­sons at Whitehall and Dublin; the procuring of this Pas­port by such Irish Footmen, and these their Letters, [Page 27] giving great suspition, that this Conry and they are of the same Fraternity; which it concerns others whom they serve now strictly to examine upon this Discovery▪ for their own discharge and safety, as well as our Re­ligions, and Nations.

It is to be justly feared, that many such Passeports and Protections (so muchExact coll. p. 115, 116, 117. condemned in the late King) have beene surreptitiously procured by such disguised Irish Footmen and Souldiers, for other Fri­ers, Priests, Jesuits; And so much the rather, because when I was a Prisoner at the Kings head in January 1648. under the Army-Officers, (who forcibly seized me, and above 40 other Members of the Commons house, as we went to discharge our duties in it to God, our Soveraign, Country, and those for whom we served) some [...]riends of mine in London, being then Convented be­ [...]ore the General Council of Officers of the Army at White-hall (as they then stiled themselves) for saying there were divers Priests and Jesuites in the Army, the chief contrivers of the designs and change [...] the [...] acted; and there justifying the same; thereupon procured a Warna [...]t from Sir Thomas Fairfax then General, to seise such Je­suites and Priests as they found in the Armies Quarters, as well Souldiers as others: whereby they presently ap­prehend two Jesuites, and put them in ward that night; who (as they then and since informed me upon their credits, being honest, godly, conscientious persons) produced two Protections under the self-same hand that granted this Passe; which they then saw, and com­plained of; And were thereupon answered, that they were granted by misinformation and surprise: however those Jesuits got themselves released the next day; whereupon they thought it bootlesse and dangerous for them to seise any more of them (having discovered many they knew to be such) and so their good intenti­ons were frustr [...]ted, and the others sad designes carry­ed on, under which we yet shake and languish in [Page 28] a most unsetled and divided condition.

Upon which considerations and presidents, I can give no better advice to all our swaying Grandees of all sorts now, than I did then in print in my Memento up­on that occasion; to tender the Oath of Abjuration to all Officers, Commanders, Souldiers, Mariners, and persons desiring Passeports or Protections, that are not of known Integrity in our Religion, and frequent not the publike Or­dinances of God in our Parochial Congregations; which will detect for the present, and prevent for the future, the creeping in, the wandring abroad of such dange­rous Romish vermin, and Spanish Factors, as this Conry and his Confederates; in whose Detection I have been more large; because of the Novelty of some of his Dis­pensations and Faculties, (which I never met with be­fore in any printed Books, or Popish Instruments I have perused) and because it may give light to others, to make the like or greater discoveries of their persons, practices, in this and future ages.

It is very strange and grievous to all true Zealous Protestants, that this extraordinary disguised Missionary of the Pope, should procure such Letters of recommendation, Passe-ports, Prote­ctions under hand and seal; and that the Anti-christian Infidel Jews themselves shouldMenasseth Ben-Israel, his Humble Ad­dresses and Declaration. be specially invited to come in and reside amongst us, and finde many Grand Court-Patrons publikely to plead for their free re-admission, My My Short D [...]murrer against the Jews Remitter, part 1. p. 43. to 66. part 2. p. 111. to 125, 135. against for­mer Parliamentary and Regal Edicts for their perpetu­al Exile, in these times of Reformation: and yet that all Protestant Ministers of our own Nation, adhering to the late King, (though never so ortho­dox, learned, pious, painfull, peaceable) should at See short Demurrer, p. 103, 104, 105, &c. the self-same time, by a publike printed Decla­ration, [Page 29] Nov. 24. 1655. and special Instructions in writing to our New Bashaes, without any hea­ring, impeachment, conviction of any new Crimes, after sundry years Liberty to preach, and that some call an Act of Oblivion (onely for this their old pardoned Delinquency) be all at one in­stant specially pr [...]hibited, from and after the 1. day of December last, TO PREACH in any publike place, or private Meeting of any other persons, than those of their own Family: or to ADMINISTER BAPTISM, or THE LORDS SUPPER, or TO MARY, or KEEP ANY SCHOOL, pub­like or private: or so much as to be kept as CHAP­LAINS or SCHOOLMASTERS in any for­merly sequestred persons Houses (when utterly eje­cted out of their own Houses, Benefices, Schools, Colleges by this New Edict:) and to be puni­shed as Rogues or Vagrants (if they wander abroad, when thus enforced to begg their bread;) And that every such person offending in any of the premises (their very preaching, teaching, administring Baptism, the Lords Supper, or marying, being now become capital unpardonable Offences) shall be proceeded against and imprisoned 3. moneths for his first, 6. moneths for his 2d. and banished his Native Country for his 3d. Offence: VVhich un­charitable, unchristian, unevangelical restraints are still continued upon many of them (and more particularly on Dr. Reeves our eminent learned Lecturer of Lincolns Inne) notwithstan­ding the earnest frequent sollicitations of de­vout and learned Archbishop Vsher, (to the [Page 30] shortning of his dayes through grief, as some conceive) the frequent, joynt, and several Pe­titions, Addresses of these Ministers themselves and their Friends, the timely Petition of the whole Society of Lincolns Inne, and Mediati­ons of all the Grand Officers of Justice, State, of the Society, for their Lecturers liberty to preach; to the great rejoycing of our Popish Adversaries; to the great grief, prejudice, discontentment of their Auditors; the undermining of our Prote­stant Religion, dishonor of our Church, Nati­on; the ruine of some hundreds of those Protestant Ministers and their Families for­merly breaking unto us the bread of life, who now want daily bread to [...]eed them: when as disguised Popish Emissaries, Jesuites, Preists, Friers, Quakers, Dippers, Hereticks and Blasphemers of all sorts, have Free liberty, and Protection to preach, teach, dip, re-baptize, administer the Sacrament, meet together and do what they list in publike and pri­vate Conventicles, without the least restraint. And is this to defend, propagate, (or not rather avow­edly to supplant, tread down) the Protestant Religion, A Colle­ction of Ordi­nances, p. 424, 425, 426, &c. we covenanted and took up armes formerly to maintain; thus toMat. 26. 31. smite, si­lence, starve, ruine so many orthodox Prote­stant Shepherds, Pastors at one blow; and to threaten inexorable Imprisonments, yea banishments to them, if they but once presume to teach, preach, or administer Sacraments (according to their Mat. 28. 19, 20. 1 Cor. 9. 5, to 20. 2 Tim. 4. 1, 2, 3. obliged duty, and Christs own Injunction) in publike or private, for the peoples edificati­on, [Page 31] or their own or families supportation? VVhen thousands of Romish VVolves, Here­ticks, Sectaries of all sorts are so busie in all parts, to seduce, devour their flocks, now leftMa [...]. 6. 34. like Sheep without a Shepherd in many places? The Lord give those whom it most concerns, and the whole Nation, eyes time­ly to discern, and hearts to bewail, reform this Soul-devouring barbarous cruelty. And let those who have been instrumental Contri­vers of, or Actors in it, consider and remem­ber, Mat. 7. 2. With what judgement ye judge, ye shall be judged; and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again: and James 2. 13. For he shall have judgement without Mer­cy, that hath shewed no mercy; but this extre­mity of cruelty even to the Minsters of Christ himself, and all those they deem their Ene­mies, is contrary to the express precepts of Christ himself, Mat. 5. 44, 45. Rom. 12, 20, 21.

It is very remarkable, thatSee my An­tipathy of the English Lordly Prelacy, part. 2. ch. 6. p. 305, 306. Dr. Willi­am Peirce late Bishop of Bath and Wells, who in the ruff of his Episcopal Power and Pride, presuming on his great Court-friends, suppres­sed all Lectures and Lecturers, both in Market towns and elsewhere, glorying in this his impi­ous Tyranny; and thanking God, that he had not a Lecture left in his Diocesse. And when he absolved Mr. Devenish Minister of Bridgewa­ter, (whom he suspended ab officio & benefi­cio, [Page 32] onely for preaching a Lecture in his own Parish Church on the Market day, which had continued above 50 years with­out interruption) used this speech unto him, intimating, that preaching a Lecture was as hainous a crime as committing a­dultery: John 5. 14. Goe thy way, sinne no more, (in preaching a Lecture) lest a worse thing happen to thee: was by Gods just retaliating judge­ment soon after, quite stripped of his Episco­pal Power and Revenues upon his Impeachment in Parliament, committed Prisoner to the Tower, se­questred, and now reduced to such extremitie, that in November last, he came to an honou­rable Knight of mine acquaintance in West­minster, complaining to him, he had not bread for him and his to put in their mouthes; intrea­ting his favour to procure any Lecturers or Cu­rates place for him, though never so mean (which he by all the Friends he had could no where obtain) to keep him from starving. VVho thereupon minded him of these his former Speeches, and cruelty towards other Lectu­rers and Ministers, whom he reduced to extreme povertie; wishing him, to take special notice how God had justly requited him in his own kinde, so as himself would now turn Lecturer, or the meanest Curate under others, in his old age, to get but a meer subsistence, and yet none would intertain him, as himself confessed, in any place. So as the judgement threatned a­gainst [Page 33] Ely his posterity, 1 Sam. 2. 36. (And it shall come to passe, that every one that is left in thine House, shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver, and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me I pray thee into somwhat about the Priesthood, that I may eat a piece of bread) was now actual­ly fallen on this great Prelate. And let o­thers now greater than he in his highest condition, consider it, though never so well fenced with Guards and armed Forces by Land or Sea, lest God reduce them and theirs to the like extremities, as they have reduced these Ministers of Christ, with sundry others: and that upon the serious consideration of this memorable History, re­corded inVariae Hist. lib. 6. c. 12, 13. Aelian concerning Dionysius the younger, in these very words. Dionysius juni­or, imperium habebat optime constitutum, muni­tumque hoc modo. Naves possidebat non paucio­res quadringentis; hexeres et quinqueremes. Pedestres copias ad centum millia hominum, equi­tum novem millia. Civitas vero Syracusano­rum maximis portubus erat instructa et moenibus altissimis circundata, atque in promptu habe­bat omnem apparatum bellicum ad alias Naves quingentas. Reconditum etiam habebat frumen­tum ad centum medimnorum myriades; et arma­mentarium scutis, gladiis, hastis, tibialibus in­numeris, thoracibus & catapultis plenum refer­tum (que) catapulta autem inventum fuit ipsius Diony­sii. Praeterea sociis infinitis vigebat. His rebus con­fidens [Page 34] Dionysius, ADAMANTE FIR­MATUM IMPERIUM OBTINE­RE SE PUTABAT. Sed ipse primum fratres suos morte affecit. Vidit etiam filios suos cru­delissime mactar [...], et virgineum pudorem filiabus eripi, atque deinde nudas trucidari. Breviter, ne­mo ex ejus propagine sepulturam justam adeptus est. Nam alii vim combusti sunt, alii dissecti, & in mare projecti sunt. Id adeo evenit ei, cum Di­on, filius Hipparini, imperium invasisset. Ip­se vero IN EXTREMA PAUPER­TATE senex mortuus est. Theopompus dicit eum nimiae meri potationis vitio ejus oculos la­borasse, ita ut caecutiret, et sedisse in tonstrinis, ri­sumque scurriliter hominibus commovisse, atque in media Graecia turpiter & praeter decorum versatum miserrimam vitam traduxisse. Ita non leve docu­mentum extitit mortalibus, ad amplectend [...]m tem­perantiam et morum honestatem, Dionysii ex tan­tis opibus in tam miserum statum, rerum vicissitu­do. Pulcherrime a Diis immortalibus comparatum est, ut nullam Tyrannidem usque ad tertiam genera­tionem propagent, sed aut confestim Tyrannos tan­quam proceras piceas perdant et extirpent; aut libe­ros eorum viribus denudent ac spolient. If God deal thus with Heathen, will he not deal more severely with Christian Tyrants, and under­miners of his Gospel, who condemn others for that wherein they now exceed them, Rom. 2. 1, 2, 3?

[Page 35] And here (having done with my Discoveries) I cannot but seriously lament, to consider, that as ma­ny of the late over-zealous New Modellers of our State, to accomplish their own self-ends, have (contrary See my Speech in Par­liament, Me­mento, New Discovery of Free-State Ty­ranny, Epistle to an histori­cal and Legal Vindication of the Fun­damental Liberties and Laws of Eng­land, and the History of In­depency. to all their former Protestant Principles, Oathes, Protestations, Covenants, Remonstrances, Commissions, Trusts, Obligations) ignorantly, or wittingly imbraced, pursued, justified, imitated, practised, if not out-acted the very worst and most dangerous, seditious, treacherous, Antimonarchical positions, practices, politicks of Antichri­stian Popes, and Machiavilian Jesuites. So divers over­rigid Presbyterian, independent Ministers, and Reformers of our Church, out of a preposterous zeal and scrupulo­sity, have blindly, rashly, or unadvisedly taken up, maintained, practised the erroneous Tenets, and exorbi­tant Practices of Popes, Romish Priests, Prelates, Jesu­ites, against the very Doctrine, Institution, usage, precepts of Christ himself, the Primitive Fathers, Church, Christians, in discontinuing the frequent ad­ministration of the holy Communion to their people, and se­cluding all or most of their Parishioners from it sundry months, nay years together▪ by their own new Papal Authority, without any lawfull cause, hearing, trial, or excommunication, judicially denounced against them for any scandalous sins, whereof they are duly con­victed, when as they freely admit them to all other publike Ordinances, without the least suspension from them; instead of inviting, exhorting, compelling them (Mat. 22. r. to 11. Luke 14 12. to 25. Har­mony of Confes­sions, c. 10. to 16. Articles of England, c. 22. to 31. And ex­hortation in the Common Pray­er Books. Tho­mas Deacons Cotechism. Con­cordia Iuthera­na, p. 542. to 550. Practice, of Piety. Mr. Humfrey of Free-Admission and Rejoynder to Dr. Drake. according to their duties) to the frequent par­ticipation of this Soul-converting, heart-refreshing, Grace­communicating heavenly Supper, wherin the remembrance, fruits, benefits of our Savio [...] [...] passion are most li [...]ely, re­presented to their senses, and applied to their Souls▪ which Anti-christian, sacrilegious, new kind of Reformati­on (to advance their own interests, Power, not Christs Kingdom, Glory,) is principally founded on these en­suing erronious Popish Principles, all bottomed on and [Page 36] slowing from that monstrous absurdity of Transubstan­tiation, and Christs corporal presence in this Sacrament, which allHarmony of Confessions, c. 14. Bishop Jewels Apol. & Reply to Harding: Bish. Morton, Peter Moulins, and others. Protestants abominate, refute, re­nounce.

1. That Christ, and God himself, are more really, im­mediately present, and conversed with by Christans in the Lords Supper, than in any other publike holy Ordinance whatsoever; asserted generally by allSee Bochel­lus Decr. Ecc. Gal. l. 3. Tit. 1. Summa Angel. Tit. Euchari­stia: Gratian De consecratio­ne, Distinct. 2. Popish Councils, Schoolmen, Jesuits, Canonists, Casuists in their Decrees, Masse-books, Offices, Manuals, Treatises, Controversies touching the Eucharist, Sacraments, Masse, and Tran­substantiation: and more particularly bySee Bishop Jewels Defence of the Apology, c. 14. Divis. 1. p. 260, 261, 264. Mr. Har­ding against Bishop Jewel; who refutes it in the Name of the Church of England: Yet now professedly avow­ed of late in A Brotherly and Friendly Censure of my 4. Quaeres, p. 8. in Dr. Drake his Anti-Quaeries, and Boundary to the Holy Mount, and sundry others, as their chief ground of keeping, suspending, all those they deem unworthy from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper alone, but from no other part of Gods worship. This opinion first sprung from Popish Transubstantiation; which as it introduced Bish. Jew­els Reply to Harding, p. 282 to 301. See my Canterburies Doom, p. 63, 64. Quenchcole; Pleasant Purge for a Roman Catholike, p. 140. to 180. Bochell [...]s Decr. Eccl. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 1. Adoration of, prostration, knee­ling, bowing to, towards, before the consecrated Elements, Altars, and railing in Altars in the Church of Rome: so itSee My Quenchcole. Canterburies Doom, p. 61, 63, 79, 80, 81, 101. to 125, 474, 475, 486, 487. lately brought into our Cathedrals and Parish Churches, prostration, kneeling, bowing to, and before the Sacramental Elements, and rayling in of Altars, Lords Tables at the East end of our Quires, in imitation of the Romanists, by our Popish Prelates and Priests; Witnesse Archbishop Lauds own words, in his Speech in Star-chamber, An. 1637. p. 47. The Altar is the greatest place of Gods residence upon earth; I say, the greatest; yea, greater than the Pulpit. For there tis, Hoc est Corpus meum; This is my Body, But in the Pulpit, it is at most, but Hoc est Verbum meum, this is my Word. And a greater Reve­rence [Page 37] (Yet Hierom in Psal. 147. and Bishop Jewel in his Treatise of the Sacra­ments, p. 276. write, Quando audimus sermo­nem Domini, Caro Christi, & Sanguis ejus in mentes nostras infunditur. no doubt) is due to the Body, than to the Word of the Lord. And so in relation answerably to the Throne where his Body is usually present, than to the Seat, where his Word useth to be proclaimed. Which Popish dotage of his, seconded by Dr. Pocklington, Dr. Heylin, Dr. Laurence, Edmund Reeve, Shelford, and o­ther Popish Innovators, I haveIn My Quenchcole. Canterburies Doom, p. 198, 199, 200, 201, 474, 475. A pleasant Purge for a Roman Catholick, p. 159, &c. elsewhere at large refuted.

2. That the Lords Supper is more holy, dreadfull, ex­cellent, venerable, and more dangerous, damnable to such who unworthily approach unto it, than any other Sacrament or divine Ordinance whatsoever: And therefore necessa­rily requires a greater measure, degree, and another man­ner of worthinesse, fitnesse, preparation, qualification, self-examination, confession of sin, faith, repentance, Grace, Holinesse in those who are to be admitted to receive it, then Baptism, Prayer, hearing, reading of the Word, thanks­giving, fasting, or any other part of Gods publike worship; to which they (and our rigidest Presbyterians) freely admit all their Parishioners, without any trial, or tran­scendent wor [...]hinesse, fitnesse, or preparation. Hence Bochellus Decreta Eccles. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 1. c. 2, 3, 4, 10. 43. 63. 69, 70, 71, 72, 73. 82, 84, 85, 88. 90, 93, 96, 98, 101, 105, 106, 107, 124. 140. 150. Petrus Aureo­su [...]: and other Schoolmen, in l. 4. dist. 9. qu. 2. Summa An­charistia 13. Popish Councils, Writers, stile the Lords Supper, Ex­cellentissimum Sacramentum: quia continet in se [...], actorem totius Gratiae et Sunctificationis Dominum nostrum Jesum Christum: et verum Christi Corpus, et sanguinem. And thence inferre. Excellentia hujus Sa­cramenti requirit dignum mysterium; et ideo volens recipere vel conficere tantum Sacramentum, debet se praeparare, per Contritionem, et veram Confessionem peccatorum suorum, ac puram devotionem. Statui­mus quod nullus deinceps ad Eucharistiae Sacramen­tum teneatur aliquem admit [...]ere, nisi prius illum au­dierit in Confessione, aut prius sibi fide facta, quod mo­re fidelium poenitentiae reciperit Sacramentum. Ne­mo sine speciali Contritione, Confessione, et Satisfa­ctoriis operibus dignè praemunitus, ad Eucharis [...]iam sumendam accedat. Moneantur conjugati non nisi [Page 38] praeparata aliquot dierum continentia ad Eucharistae sumpsionem accedere, &c. Which very Popish Doctrine and Consequence of an extraordinary tran­scendent degree of worthiness, preparation, &c. are professedly asser [...]ed by the Authors of the Antidote to, and Brotherly friendly censure of my four Questions; Dr. Drake in his Anti-quaeries, boundary; Mr. Collins in his Juridical Suspension, and others.

3. Upon these precedent false Principles, and the extraordinary danger of unworthy receiving, the Popish Priests and Prelates inferrBochellu [...] Decret. Eccles. Gal. l. 3. Tit. 1. c. 71, 72, 73. 105, 107. Summa Ange­lica Euchari­stia, 3 Richard. in 4 sentent. Distinct. 9. That they are bound to ad­mit none to the Lords Supper, but such whom they upon a precedent private examination and Confession of their sins to themselves, or such as they appoint shall absolve and deem worthy, and prepared to receive it. And their Councils Decree. ‘Nullus Parochus ad hujus. Sacramenti sumptionem quempiam admittat, cujus conscienti­am non noverit, aut ipse, aut ab eo ei negotio prae­fectus. Nec quemquam Parochi seu Curati ad Com­munionem admittant, nisi quem privs sciverint con­fessum fuisse peccata, aut ipsis, aut eorum Vica­riis, seu Sacerdotibus deputatis.’ And upon the self-same grounds as the Church ofHarmony of Confessions, sect. 14. p. 336. 337. 327. Saxony in the be­ginning of Reformation, admitted none to the Communi­on, unlesse they were first examined, heard, tried, and ab­solved of the Pastor and his fellow-Ministers: Comply­ing herein over-much with the Papists; So now Divine Right of Church Go­vernment, p. 252, 353, &c. Mr. Rutherford, Boundary to the holy Mount. Dr. Drake, Juridical suspension. Mr. Collins, and other over-rig [...]d Presbyterians assert; ‘They are bound in duty, conscience, prudence, first, to try, examine the knowledge, faith, graces, repentance, lives and visible worthinesse of all their Parishio­ners, before they come to the Lords Supper; to ad­mit none thereto, but such whom they and their Presbyteries upon trial shal deem worthy and prepa­red to receive it, and to seclude all others from it:’ concurring herein with these Popish Priests and Pre­lates.

[Page 39] 4. ‘That there isSee Graetian Caus. 11. Qu. 3. and the Glossers on it. Bochellus De­cret. Eccles, Gal. l. 2. Tit. 14. Summa Avgelica, & Rosella. Hosti­iensis, Th. Ze­rula, Antonius Corsetus, and others. Tit. Excommuni­catio. a lesser Excommunication, whereby the Prelates and other Officers of the Church, are authorized, impowred judicially, by way of Church Censure, to suspend and keep back scandalous, ignorant, unconfessed, obstinate Church­members, who refuse to submit to the examination and orders of the Church, from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper only, without any actual sequestring of them from any other publike Ordinances, in which they may freely communicate with other Christians; distinct form that Excommunicatio major, which to­tally secludes Christians from entring into the Church, and all Christian fellowship and Communion in any publike Ordinance, and all private society with Chri­stians. Which lesser Excommunication, was first intro­duced by Popish Councils, Casonists, Casuists, only for lesser mortal sins, and conversing with persons lying under the censure of the greater Excommunication; And is now most eagerly asserted byDivine Right of Church Go­vernment. Mr. Rutherford, Aarons Rod blosso­ming. Mr. Gillespy, Antiquaeries and Boundary. Dr. Drake, Juridical suspension. Mr. Collins, Conside­rations and Cautions, July 9. 1646. p. 5 &c. The Mi­nisters of Syon College, and others as committed to Church-Officers and Presbyteries by the will and testament of Jesus Christ; though no ways warranted, but contradicted by all the Scripture testimonies they produce to warrant it, and by the practices of the Primitive Church, as I have proved at large inA Vindi­cation of 4 se­rious Questi­ons. Suspen­sion suspended. former publications. The only memorable particular example recorded in antient Ecclesiastical Histories, of a publick excom­munication denounced by a Bishop for a scandalous crime (especially against his Soveraign) is that of St. Ambrose, Bishop of Millais, against the Emperour The­odosius the first, thus recorded byEccles. Hist. l. 5. c. 17, 18. Sozonten lib. 7. c. 24. utro­pius, Zonaras, Oxmeerus, Pedro Mexia, Crimston in his li [...]e, Baronius, the Cen­turies of Magdeburg, Dr. Bilson, The true difference, &c. part. 3. p. 369, 372, &c. Theodoret, and o­thers. The Inhabitants of Thessalonica (a rich, populous [Page 40] City in Macedonia) in a popular tumult slew their Jud­ges all and who took part with Theodosius in the Govern­ment: Where with he being highly incensed, so far ex­ceeded the bounds of justice and reason in the punish­ment thereof, that he caused his Souldiers, without searching out the Malefactors, to slay promiscously in a rage no lesse than 7000 of the Citizens; putting no difference betwixt the guilty and innocent▪ After this bloody execution, at the Emperours next coming to the Church of Millain to pray, and do his devotions, of as custom he used, St. Ambrose stepping to the Church­door, as he was about to enter into the Church, with much boldnesse prohibiting him to enter, used this speech unto him. ‘Thou seemest, O Prince, not to understand what a monstrous slaughter of people is committed by thee, neither doth rage suffer thee to weigh with thy self what thou hast done; yet must thou know, that from dust we came, and to dust we shall. Let not therefore the brightnesse of thy clothes hide from thee the weaknesse of flesh that is under them. Thy Subjects are of the same metal that thou art, and serve the same Lord that thou dost.’ With what Eyes therefore wilt thou be­hold the house of this Common Lord, and with what feet wilt thou tread on his holy pavements? Wilt thou reach those hands, dropping yet with the blood of Innocents to receive the most sacred body of the Lord? Wilt thou put that precious blood of his to thy mouth, which in a rage hast spilt so much Christian blood? ‘Depart rather, and heap not one sin upon another. Neither refuse this Bond (of Excommunica­tion) which the Lord of all doth ratifie in heaven. It is not much, and it will restore thee the health of thy Soul.’ All which the Emperour hearing with great patience, returned presently to his Palace, with­out entring the Church, obeying the excommunicati­on, and there continued above 8 moneths space, [Page 41] without coming any mo [...]e into the Church, or putting on his Emperial Robes. Af [...]er which, upon his earne [...]t request and publike repentance for this crime [...] and his enacting this Law by St. Ambrose his advise, by way of penance (as some write) ‘That from thenceforth no man whom he or his Succes [...]ors should condemn to dye should be executed within thirty dayes after the Sentence of death denounced against him:’ he being absolved from his excommunication, ‘came again in­to the Church, and there making his prayers, and performing his devotions▪ received the Sacrament of the Lords Supper.’ From which History it is ap­parent.

1. That Excommunicate persons in that age, were not suspended only from the Lords Supper, but secluded from entring into the Church it self, and from all publike See Capit. Carol. Mag. 5. c. 42. T [...]r­tullian de p [...]e­nitentia. Dr. Hammond of the power of the keys. ch. 4. Sect. 43. 44. &c. My Vin­dication of 4. scrious Questi­ons, and Sus­p [...]nsion suspen­ded. divine Ordinances used in it, as well as from the Lords Table, [...]nd from all Christi [...] Communion. Hence Bochellus Decret. Eccles. Gall. l. 2. Tit. 14. c. 1, 2, 3. 36, 37, 38. 45. 48, 58, 64, 65, 71, 85, 92. 121, 126, 136. 138, 142, 145. sundry Councils since, with Caus. 11. Q [...]. 3. Gratian, and all Panormi­tan, Hosti [...]nsts, Angelus de Clavasio, Lyndewood, [...]Ant. Corsetus, Summa Rosel­la, Tho: Zerula and others, Tit. Excom­municatio. Popish Canonists resolve and decree, Major Excommu­nicatio Seperat ab ingressa Ecclesiae, à Sacramentis, et à Communione fidelium. Excommunicatus non potest interesse Divinis Officiis, aut cum alii [...] orare in Ecclesia; Her debet extra ita prope [...]are quod audiat. And if any such excommunicate person come into the Church, he is presently to be thrust out of it, and the Priest must give over his begun Masse, Prayers, Preaching, and not proceed therein, till ne depart the Church: Neither may any Chri­stian wittingly eat, drink, conferre, or trade with such a one, under pain of Excommunication: Yea our own Sta­tute of 5 E. 6. ch. 4. against such as fight and strike in the Church, Enact, That such an Offender shall be excom­municate, an [...] be e [...]cluded from the fellowship and company of Christs Congregation: See Fitzh. [...]rook, Ash, Ti­tle Excom­mengment, Cooks 1 Instit. f. 133, 134, 3 Instit. c. 81. p. 177. Bracton. l. 5. f. 425, 426, 427. Fleta l. 6. c. 44. Capit. Caroli et Lud [...]vici, l. 5. c▪ 23. 28. [...]. l. 7. c. 216. 361. 373. This Excommu­nication our Laws, [c] Lawbooks take notice of, which [Page 42] likewise disables men to sue in any Civil Court of Justice, if pleaded in barr against them under Seal.

In brief: the 33▪ Article of the Church of England, ratified by the statute of 13 Eliz. c. 13. and Sub [...]crip­tions of all our Ministers, Defines Excommunication to be a cutting off from the Unity of the Church, and whole multitude of the faithfull, who ought to avoid an excom­municate person as an Heathen and a Publican, untill he be openly reconciled by Penance, and received into the Church, by a Judge that hath Authority thereunto. And the Confessions of Bohemia, c. 8. 14. Of Helvetia, c. 16. Of the French Churches, c. 32, 33. Describe Excommunication to be, a removal of wicked, scandalous, obstinate. Sinners from the Holy Fellowship of Believers, a throwing them out from the Church, and delivering them to Satan by Ecclesiastical punishment. And absolution of such upon repentance, to be, A taking them again into the Church, to the Communion of Saints and Sacraments. Therefore the New-found Suspension and Excommunication of scandalous persons only from the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, without seclusion from the Church and other Ordinances, now so much contested for, is but a meer Popish Innovation, not warranted by Scripture, Antiquity, our own Statutes, Articles, or other Protestant Churches Confessi­ons.

2. That in that age all Church-members freely ad­mitted to the publike prayers of the Church, and not thus actually excommunicated from all Ordinances and the Church it self, were freely admitted to the Lords Supper, and all excommunicated persons too, up­on their absolution.

3. That the Lords Supper in that age was usually received by all Church-members, when ever they publiquely assembled to pray or hear Gods word: and no other, no greater worthinesse, holinesse, qualifica­tion, preparation, or self-examination required for [Page 43] Chri [...]tians free admission to the Com [...]nion, th [...]n to o­ther publike duties, which it did then daily ac­company.

This president of St. Ambrose his excommunicating this godly Emperour Theodos [...]us, and keeping him above 8 Moneths space from the Church and all publike Or­dinances; only for his over-rash execution of Justice upon his rebellious mutinous subjects, upon so great a provocation, notwithstanding his present humilia­tion and sorrow for it upon the first reprehension, and that without any precedent, private or publique ad­monition; as its no ways war a [...]ed by any precept or president in Gods word, nor parallel example in the Primitive Church, and censured by soberSee the Centuries of Magd. Cent. 3. & 4. D [...]. Bil­sons True Dif­ference, part 3. p. 376, &c. Prote­stants, as over-harsh, indiscret, rash, and too Pontifical▪ yea such, as might have then pro [...]ucedSee Aug. contr. Petil. l. 3. c. 2. a dange­rous Schism in the Church, to the great pre [...]udice of Re­ligion, had not this godly Emperour been more humble patient, prudent than St. Ambrose; So it hath in later ages been A Defence of English Ca­tholikes, c. 5. J. E. his Treatise of the Right & Jurisdiction of the Prelate and Prince. Ba­ronius Annal. Tom. 3. 4. See Bilsons True Difference be­tween Christian Subjection and Unchristian Re­b [...]llion pa [...]t▪ 3. p. 369. to 379. much abused, and insisted on by Anti­christian Trayterous Popes, Popish Prelates, Jesuits, Priests, to justify their many illegal, unchristian, unrighteous Ex­communications of Christian-Emperors, Kings, Princes; their deposing them from their Empires, Crowns, Kingdoms, their absolving their subjects from their allegiance to them, and taking up arms against them, to the great disturbance of most Christian Empires, Realms, States, Churches. Therefore it can be no justification or proof at all for any of our Protestant Ministers wilfully to abs [...]ain from the celebration of the Lords Supper▪ and seclude [...] excommunicate all their Parishioners from it, not on­ly 8. whole Moneths, but almost so many years toge­ther upon the forementioned Popish principles, or any other ground; especially not being all actually excom­municated or secluded from the Church and all other publike ordinances as he was, but freely admitted by them to the Church, and all other publike Ordinan­ces [Page 44] but the holy Communion, which he was not. The sad effects whereof, instead of making their people more worthy, more prepared to receive this Sacra­ment, and more regardfull of it, I haveSuspension susp [...]nd [...]d, p. 25 26. 36. elsewhere touched and shall more largely insist on in its due place. Only here I shall desire our Ministers to observe, what Concilium apud I [...]g [...]s, & Synodus A [...] ­degavensts, An. 1 [...]81, apud Bo [...]hellum. De­c [...]. Eccl. Gall. l. 2. Tit. 14. de Excommunica­t [...], c [...]p. 90 91. p. 294, 295. two Po [...]ish French Councils hereto [...]e have noted, [...]ouching the debarring particular [...]ersons only from the Lords Supper for a years space or two, by vertue of actual Excommunications judicially denounced against them, and the dangerous effects it hath produced, in­stead of working any reformation in them or others. Qui [...] nonnul [...]i Excommunicationum Sententias, et quod detestabilius est, Dominici corporis Sacramen­tum contemnentes [...] tempor [...] in [...]en en­ [...] [...]mo [...]ntur. De participatione Dominici corporis non curantes, &c. Quonian multos [...]eperimus in [...]urato animo claves sun [...]ae matris Ecclesiae vilipendentes excom­municationis sentoniam d [...]utius sustinc [...]e Corpus Chri­sti in Ecclesia in Biennio vel [...]riennio non suscipere, vel etiam non confi. e [...]i. Pr [...]cipimus omnibus et singulis Re­ctoribus, &c. ut in tal bus falubre Consilium apponatur. If these their judicial excommunications of particular persons, instead of reforming their lives, made many of them only to contemn the censures of the Church, and the very Sacrament of the Lords body, which is more dete­stable; and not to ca [...]e to receive it in two or three years space; which they reputed a horrid mischief fit to be redressed by wholesom Counsel: Then certainly our Ministers Antichristian, undiscreet, Cum timerent ne Principatum ammitterent, cum Legum La­tores, ut majo­res esse vide­rentur, multa innovabant; quaeres ad tan­tavi pe [...]venit nequitiam, ut p [...]c [...]pta su [...]i cu­stod [...]ent magis quam mandata Dei, Chrysost. in Mat. Hom. 52. wilfull keeping back, excommunicating of whole Churches, Parishes, Cities, from the Sacrament two or three years space together, or more, without any actual excommunica­tion legally denounced against them for any scandalous sins, must ne [...]ds be a more detestable Crime, and make the generality of the people not only to neglect, con­temn their Authority, Ministry, Church-censures; but [Page 45] even the Sacrament of the Lords Supper it self, yea to­tally to withdraw themselves from it, and all other publick Ordinances, yea from our Churches too, as many thousands of them have done of late years, since debarred from this Sacrament, under pretext of making them more fit and worthy to receive it ere admitted to it. It is an antient proverbial experimental truth in most other things and Christian duties, and so in this; ‘Qui non est hodie, Cras minus aptus crit.’ Those Parishioners whom our Ministers deemed unfit, unworthy to receive this Sacrament the first year they withheld it from them; they find more prophane, unfit, neglectfull to receive it the next year, yea much more the third and fourth year, than the se­cond; Upon which account they have wholly cast this Sacrament aside for sundry years; and must do so till Doomsday, against Christ own command, their Mi­nisterial office, and the Primitive Churches, Fathers practice in frequent administring the Communion to all their people. Let them therefore henceforth learn this politick, safe Lesson, even from their Popish Tutors; who debating these Questions,Rich. de Medie Vill [...]t, in 4. Sent. Dist. 9. Aquinanas, 4. pars qu. 80. An [...]e­lu [...] de Cla [...]asio Sum. [...]ngel: [...]u­charistia, 3. sect. 20, 21, 22. Utrum Presbyter peccet mortaliter dando Eucharistiam ei quom scit in pecca to mortali constitutum? And, Nunquid [...]ss [...]t minus m [...] ­lum dare tali Hostiam non consecratam, vel non conse­crare, quam Eucharistiam tali dare? Resolve negative­ly, with some distinctions, as to the first; and to [...]h [...] last without any distinction, thus.Summa An­gel▪ Eucharistia, 3. sect. 2 [...]. c. de [...]omine de Ce­le: [...]is [...]: B [...]shop Jewels Defence of the Apology, p. 34 [...]. Resp: Quou Non: Ideo dicitur prorsus quidem falsa remedia sunt abjica [...] quae veris et manifestis periculis sunt graviora: as thi [...] debarring the people from the Sacrament for so long a space hath experimentally proved; occasioning many more grievous sins, mischiefs than it hath prevented: being a remedy far worse, and more dangerous than the diseases it should cure.De Unitate Ecclesi [...], c. 10. Wherefore since (i) St. Aug. [Page 46] resolves; Ne Catholicis quid [...]m Episcopis consentiendum est, sicubi fortè falluntur, et contra canonicas Scripturas aliquid sentiant: AndAd Rector. & Unive [...]s. Co­lon. Uspe [...]g [...]nsis Paral [...]pom: p. 435. Pope Pius the 2d. concludes, Resiste [...]dum est quibuscunque in faciem, sive Paulus, sive P [...]trus sit, qui ad Veritatem non ambulat Evangeli: with whomDefence of the Apology. part 5. c. 12. divis. 2. p. 502. Bishop Jewel concurs. I hope none of our Ministers guilty of this Crime, can or will be offended with me for his my plain dealing with them. And I shall intreat all such indiscreet over-rigid Ministers seriously to consider, the Popish Principles foremen­tioned wheron this their false remedy is founded▪ with the bitter fruits it hath produced: And seeing it is an unquestionable sin in themselves not to administer or take; and in their people, not to receive the Sacraments many moneths, nay years together, (as well as not to pray, preach, read, hear, sing Psalms, and praise God for his mercies, or neglect baptism:) let them now at last repent, reform without delay, and no lon­ger excuse, muchAs Dr. Drake, Mr. Col­lings, & others do in printed Books. lesse defend this Sacrilegious unchristian sin, since [...]d Roma­nos, c. 2. Primasius, andDefence of the Apology, p. 347. Bishop Jewel resolve; Nemo periculosius peccat, quam qui pec­cata defendit: And St.Rom. 3. 8. Paul himself determines, that there damnation is just, who do evil (yea so great an evil as this, to rob whole parishes of the Lords own Supper, Table, Cup, Body, Bloud for divers years) that good may come of it: much more if they persevere impenitently therein, after all admonitions to the con­trary. TheSee Sex­tus Aurelius & Dion in his Life: Bishop Jewels Ser­mons, p. 183. Emperor Domitian intending a Refor­mation of the Empire, which afore his time, Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, and other wicked Emperors had spoi­led and defaced, asked Apollonius Tyanaeus, a Philoso­pher, What order were best to be taken therein? Who made him answer; Sir, You must do as the Musician bad his Scholars do. How is that? said Domitian: Sir, quoth Apollonius, There was a cunning Musician, that set his Scholars to an ignorant and homely Minstrel to learn Musick of him; but before he sent them out, he [Page 47] gave them this Lesson; Whatsoever ye see your Master do, see that ye a [...]oid it [...] he is unlearned, and his Lessons and ma [...]er of singing naught; therefore see ye do the con­trary. Even so may I say; Whatsoever we see that they have done, who were our late Masters before us, that have almost destroyed our Churches and Realms too, by their unskilfulnesse, erronious Doctrines, Il­legal Practices, Innovations, Oppres [...]ions, Schisms, to­lerations of all Religions &c. Let us now do the quite contrary, to repair, restore [...]hem to unity, [...]r [...]quil [...]ty, prosperity, safety. More particularly, let all our Mi­nisters combine together henceforth duly and fre­quently to administer the holy Communion to their people (being the chiefmeans, bond of Christian love and unity; yea Sigrum demonstrati [...]um unitatis Ecclesiae cui homines aggregantur per ipsant; as the Summa Angelica Tit. Eucharistia, 1. Articles of England, Ar. 28. Harmony of Confessions, sect. 14. School-men, Canonists, our own A [...]ticles, with foreig [...] Protestant Churches resolve;See my Suspension sus­pended: and Vindication of 4. Serious que­stions. a chief means of beget­ting, continuing, encreasing, confirming grace and holiness of life:) and likewise diligently to exhort, excite, per­swade, compell their people to repair frequently, constantly, with due preparation, and self-examination to this heaven­ly banquet; yea in no wise to neglect it when admi­nistred; and that in obedience toLuke 14. 23. &c. Matt. 22. 1. to 12. 1 Cor. 11. 23, &c. Christs command, and upon this consideration of theApud Lau. Bochellum, De­cret. Eccles. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 1. c. 101. p. 376. Council of Bur­dea [...]x, Ann. 1582. Quemadmodum corporibus, Sic & animis, sua sunt alimenta [...]ribuenda; ne si neulto tempore jejun [...], languidique permanserint, in laboriosa vitae humanae peregrinatione et via defi [...]i [...]t. [...]deoque pane vitae quae de coelo descendit, nimi [...]um s [...]c [...]osancto Christi corporo, quod in Eucharistia continetur, Parochi populos sibi commissos pascere satagunt, et assiduis cohortationibus ad hunc coele­stem cibum invitent, &c. And if this will nor prevail, let at least the consideration of this notable Canon of the Popish Council of Rhemes it self, Anno 1583. in­duce them thereunto.Bochellus Decreta [...]ccles. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 1. c. 105. Cum nihil habeat Christi­ana religio Sacramento Eucharistiae praestantius & aug [...] ­stius, [Page 48] [...]ilque ad sanctè et inculpatè vivendum effica­tius ejusdem frequentissima participatione,N [...]ta. dolemus tantam esse Christianorum hujus temporis incuri­am, ut semel tantum in anno sumant tam salutaris Sacramenti substdia. Quare Paroeci et qui ad divini v [...]bi p [...]aedicationem asciscuntur deinceps, de [...]requentis Communionis antiquo usu, ejusdem (que) mitis frudibus et utilitate differant, [...]t fidelibus persuadere ritantur ( [...]ray mark it [...]) nullum esse modum aptiorem et com­pendiostorem,Nota. quo sopitis et extindis Haeresibus, Ec­clesiae Apostolicae facies nostro seculo redeat. Nos quo­que fi [...]eles omnes hortamur, et per viscera misericordiae Dei nostri obsecramus ut quam saepissime, saltem vero Diebus solennibus communicent, et quotiescunque postulaverit ingruens necessitas, [...]u [...] vitam humanam [...]n d [...]scrimen e [...]. periculum adducat.

And seeing there is inPsal. 109. 7. P [...]ov. 2 [...]. 9. Isa. 1. 13, 14, 15. c. 66. 3, 4. 1 Cor. 2. 15, 16. Prayer, hearing, and all o­ther sacred Duties as well as this, a like double dan­ger; the one in neglecting, contemning them, which is the Mat. 10. 14, 15. Luke 10. 13, 14, 15, 16. 1 Thessal. 4. 8. Heb. 10. 28, 29. greater; the other in the unworthy performing of them, which is the lesser sin; let our Ministers in this case presse both of them together on their people, and not the lesser danger only of unworthy receiving, with­out the greater peril of contemning or neglecting to re­ceive the Sacrament, when publikely administred; ac­cording to the Decree of theBochellus▪ [...]b. c. 20. p. 360. Council of Cavailon under Charles the Great, An. 800. In perceptione Cor­poris & Sanguinis Domini magna discretio ad [...]ibenda est. Cavendum est enim ne [...] s [...] nimium in longum differatur, ad perniciem Animae pertineat; dicente Domino; Ni­si manducaveritis carnem filii hominis et biberitis ejus Sanguinem, non habebitis vitam in vobis. Si verò in­discretè accipiatur, timendum est illud, quod ait Aposto­lus: Qui manducat et bibit indigne, judicium sibi manducat et bibit. Juxta ejusdem ergo Apostoli docu­mentum, probare se debet homo; et sic de pane illo manducare, et de calice bibere. And according to [Page 49] that Epistle ofBothellus [...] Decret. Eccles. Gall. l. 3. Tit. 1. c. 23, 24. p. 360. Theodulphus Au [...]llanensis Episcopus, Anno 835. ad Fatres et Compresbyteras suos Aure [...]ianen­sis Parochiae Sacerdotes: who thus advised them. Ad­monendus est populus ut ad [...] Sacrosanctum Sacramentum Corporis et Sanguinis Dimini nequaquam indifferenter ac­cedat, [...]ec ab hoc nimium abstineat: sed cum om [...]i diligentia [...]ligat tempus, quando aliquandiu ab opere con­jugali abstine [...]t, et v [...]t [...]s so purget, virtutibus exoruet, elec­mosynis et orationibus insistat▪ et sic ad tantum Sacramen­tum accedat. Quia sicut pe [...]iculosum est, impurum quem­que ad [...]ntum Sacramentum accedero, Ita etiam peri­culosum est ab hoc proli [...]o tempore abstinere: Salva ratione illorum, qui Excommunica [...]i, non quando eis libet, sed certis temporibus communicant, et religiosis quibuseun­que Sanctè viventibus, Qui pene omni vie in faciunt. Singulis diebus Dominicis in Quaedragesima, praeter hos qui Excommunicati sunt, Sacramenta Corporis et Sangui­nis Christi sumenda sunt, et in Coena Domini, et in Para­sceve, in vigilia Paschae, & in die Resurrectionis Domini pe­nitus ab omnibus communicundum, [...]t ipsi dies Pascha­lis hebdomadae omnes aequali religione colendi sunt. The like advise of pressing the people to the frequent re­ceiving of the Lords Supper, yet with due preparati­on, and admonishing them withall of the danger of neglecting the Sacrament, as well as of the unworthy receiving it, is given by the Synod of Lingen, Anno 1404▪ and the Council ofHochellus ibid. c. 72, 75. Burdeaux, Anno 1582. (As also by the Church of England in her Liturgie con­firmed by Parliament:) And this Synod of Lingen withall resolves, That if any person for any great Of­fence or enormous sin be adjudged but not declared and pub­lished Excommunicate, if he come publikely to receive the Sacrament, his Parish Priest may then thus admonish him in secret: Amice, tu scis quod fecisti tale quid, pro­pter quod tu es excommunicatus; caveas quid tis vis face­re. Tu enim si accepis corpus Christi, sumes in tuam damnationem: Persuadeat sibi quod desistat à perceptione [Page 50] Sacramenti: Quod si ille non vult desistere, tunc Sacer­dos sibi ministret; quia in publicis negotiis sacerdos non debet illum excludere; sed in privatis non debet se­cum participare. Which I wish our Non communi­cating Ministers to consider. The reason is, because he is still a Church-member, till actually denounced excommunicated; and so not to be actually secluded from any publick Ordinance, to which he hath a just right, as a Church-member; even as every Member of a Kingdom or State, though guilty of any Capital crimes desterving death, out-lawry, disfranchifement, or banishment, enjoys the benefit of all the Laws, Li­berties, Privileges of the Kingdom, State, where of he is a Member, and cannot be justly debarred of them, till actually and judicially out lawed, disfranchised, exiled, or condemned to death for his Offences, by the lawfull Magistrate. I have latelyA Legal Resolution of two Important Quaeres. published in print, what Legal Writs, Remedies, all injured Parishio­nous illegally debarred whole years together from this Sa­crament, by a worse than Papal Sacrilege and usurpation over them, may have, to compell their refractory Mini­sters to administer the Lords Supper to them at accustomed seasons, according to our Laws, and the Articles, Rubricks of our Liturgie, confirmed by Parliaments; To which I shall only adde, That I am clear of Opinion, that Pa­rishioners in such cases, may sue out a special Writ up­on the Statutes of 1 E. 6. c. 1. & 1 Eliz. c. 2. De Sa­cramento Eucharistiae Parochianis deliberando; Or, De Parochianis ad Eucharistiae Sacramentum admittendis; By the self-same Justice, Law, Reason, Equity, as the Register Pars 2. f. 58. 4 E. 4. 37. Pro­hibition 8. Fitz. Nat. Brev. s. 43. E. Register, and our printed Law-books resolve; they may sue forth a Writ De Copia Libelli deliberanda, to the Bishop, Offio [...], or Dean of the Arches, upon the Statute of 2 H. 5. c. 3. Commanding them to deliver to the parties prosecuted a Copy of the Libel without difficulty, where grantable by Law, when they refuse to do it, contrary to this Statute; Or, a Writ,See Regi­ster pars 2. f. 30, 31, 32, 33, 66. Fitzh. Nat. Brevium, f. 163 164. 228, 229. &c. De admittendo idone­am [Page 51] personam ad Ecclesiam; Or, De Cautione admitten­da: Or, Quare Impedit presentare: Or, Quare non ad­misit, to Bishops and other Ecclesiastical persons, where and when they refuse to admit their Clerks to those Benefi­ces to which they present them; or to absolve them upon caution tendered to them, contrary to Law and their duties. Or WritsRegister pars 2. f. 19. 27. 28. 164. 172. 198. Fitz. Nat. Brev. f. 156, 157. Cooks 2 Instit. f. 99. 100. De Clamea admittenda in Itine­re; Or, De At ornato admittendo et recipiendo; to Justi­ces in Eyre, Sheriffs, and other Courts, when they re­fuse to admit their Claims, or Attornies, contrary to Ju­stice, Law, and the Statute of Merton, c. 10. The very Common Law of England gives every Landlord these several Writs,Register pars 1. f. 159. 153, 173, 174. Fitz. and old Natura Brevi­um. De Consuetudinibus et Serviciis; De Secta ad Curiam; De Secta ad Molendinum, to compell their Tenants, to perform the accustomed Services, Sutes, and Duties which they owe unto them by their Tenures, though they concern only their Temporal Estates: And will it not by like Writs, Justice, Reason then, constrain our refractory Parsons,Qui tardè de [...]it, et diem de die extra­hens prosuit, non ex animo fecit. Seneca de Beneficiis, p. 10. Vicars, Ministers to perform the accustomed Spiritual Duties, Services, and administer the Holy Communion to their Parishioners, at usual seasons, (as themselves and their Predeces­sors have constantly done heretofore time out of mind, and they are still obliged to do) which concern the ve­ry spiritual comfort and salvation of their Souls, and ought not to be denied or deferred to them any longer? Our Common Laws, Lawbooks, Statutes have provided these several special Writs, for the inviolable preserva­tions of the Liberties, Privileges, Rights, preventing, redressing the injuries, an [...] recovering the Tithes, Dues of Clergy-men, that they may the more freely, chearfully discharge their Ministerial Duties, and di­ligently administer the Sacraments to their people. Register, pars 1. f. 146, 147, 148, 151, 175. 179, 180, 184, 187, 260, 281. Fitzb. old Natura Brevium. De Clerico infra Sacros Ordines constituto non eligendo in Officium Ballivi, Bedelli, &c. De Viris religiosis, quod non veniant ad visum Franciplegii. Quod Clerici non po­nantur in Assisis. De Clerico per Statu [...]um Mercato­rium [Page 52] non capiendo. De Clerico capto per Statutum Mer­catorium deliberando. De Clerico convicto deliberando Ordinario. Quod personae Ecclesiasticae quieti sint de Theo­lonio. Quod Ecclesiasticae personae non americien ur se­cundum Beneficium. De Decimis solvendis Parsonis et Vicariis Ecclesiarum pro possessionibus alienigenarum: All which we find in the Register, and our Printed Law-Books; Besides sundry Writs in Pa [...]. 10. H. 3. dors. 9. Claus. 12. H. 3. pars 1. dors. 7. 3. Pat. 20. H. 3. m. 24. Claus. 20. H. 3. m. 3. and 19. 10. 15. Claus. 32. H. 3. dors. 15. andPat. 4 H. 3. pars 1. m. 1. Claus. 4 H. 3. m. 4. & dors. 16. Claus. 5 H. 3. m. 14. & 6. Cart 6 Johan. Reg. m. 12. other Records, for the due payment of Tithes out of the Kings own Demeasn Lands, Mills, Parks, Forests, to those Ministers, Bishops, Abbots to whom they were due, or formerly granted. Claus. 18 H. 3. m. 5. A Writ to exempt Clergy-men from paying Toll and Customes for goods bought of, sold by them for the sustentation of themselves and their Families. And Claus. 39 E. 3. m. 8. A special Writ, Quod viri Ecclesiastici non contribuant pro clausura Villae de Coventry, there be­ing a Commission issued to assess the Inhabitants to wall this City, towards which they would Tax the Clery. Therefore by the self-same Justice, Reason, Equitie, our Common Laws will provide special Writs, and Remedies for the people, to enforce their Parochial Ministers, Vicars, by power of our Tempo­ral Courts of Justice, to administer the Sacraments duly to them, according to their bounden duties, and render them this their Spiritual food at the Lords Ta­ble; especially seeing they have now no legal remedy to enforce them to it, and punish them for neglect thereof in our exploded Ecclesiastical Courts, as they might do heretofore.

Trin. 17 Jacobi B. R. The Parishioners of Sutton Valence in the County of Sussex, according to their Custome chose two Churchwardens; the Bishops Official at the visitation refused one of them, and swore another Churchwarden in his place, which had [Page 53] been Churchwarden before 5 years together, and was very contentious, and a maintainer of Sutes before the Official. After much debate a Writ was awarded out of the Kings Bench by the judgement of the Court to the Official, to admit and swear the Churchwarden the Pa­rishioners had elected, according to the Presiden of 26 E. 3. where the Bish. of Exeter was commanded to con­firm the Children, and send Crism to the Parishio­ners of St. Burian in Cornwall, which he denied them: And Fitzh: Nat. Brev. f. 200. where a Mandatory Writ issued to the Mayor of Oxford to enroll a demise; and to the Ordinary to prove a Will, and to the Lord to hold a Court: as they are obliged to do by Law and Right. Mich. 22. Jacobi B. R. Mr. Noy moved the Court for a Mandatory Writ to the Ordinary, for the Parishioners of St. Thomas in London, to admit two Churchwardens which they had elected according to their antient custom; against which the Parson objected the Canon, that he was to elect one of them: which upon consideration of the precedent cases, was granted. The like Writ to admit Churchwardens chosen according to cu­stom, was granted to the Parishioners of St. Magnes in London, Tr. 7 Caroli B. R. And to the Parishioners of St. Ethelboroughs London, Tr. 15 Caroli B. R. wherein the custom of electing Churchwardens by the Parishioners was adjudged a Good Custonia Law, which the Canons made in Convocation, Anno Dom. 1603. Canon 89. could not impeach or deprive them of being a temporal right and inheritance setled in them. The like President was in Pas [...]. 4. Caroli, B. R. rot. 420. & Tr. 7 Caroli, rot. 1391. Mr. Noy in the case of St. Thomas Parish, cited such a Writ to the Convocation House 21 E. 3. reciting, that they affirmed our Lawyers held a damnable opinion because they would by Writs De Cautione admitten [...]a, compell Bishops and Ordinaries to grant absolutions to Excommu­nicate persons without amends, upon sufficient Caution tendered, which sufficiency was issuable, and to be tried at [Page 54] the Common Law. Judge Whitlocke M. 22. Jacobi B. R. and Pasc. 2. Car. B. Regis, cited one▪ Midlecotes case adjudged in the Kings Bench to this effect. A Consta­ble was elected and sworn in a Court Leet; the Ju­stices of Peace at the Sessions refused him, and elected and swore another. Whereupon the Lord of the Leet sued out a Writ of Restitution to the Justices of Peace, to allow of and restore the Constable chosen in the Leet, being the Lords inheritance: So if a Town-Clerk, Alderman, Burgesse, Recorder, or Mayor of a Town, be unjustly kept out, or removed from his place, or diffran­chised; A Writ of Restitution will be, and ought by law to be granted out of the Kings Bench, to restore them to the possession of their places, as tis resolved in Sir James Baggs case▪ Trin. 13 Jacobi. Cooks 11. Report. f. 93. &c. in Audlyes Case, Pas. 2. Caroli, B. R. in Bostons case; the case of an Alderman of Coventry; Mr. Manniptons case, Recorder of Launceston in Corn­well, and sundry others in King Charles his reign. Therefore by like Law, Justice, Reason, a like writ of Restitution will lye for all those Parishioners, to restore them to the frequent use and actual enjoyment of the Lords Supper, who have been injuriously, unchri­stianly, and sacrilegiously (without any Legal sentence of Excommunication for any Legal cause) kept from it, by their imperious Ministers, against the Lawes of God and the Realm: It being resolved inCooks 11 Rep. f. 98. [...]. Bagges case, That the Court of Kings Bench hath authoritie, not only to correct judicial Errors in proceedings, but other Errors and Misdemeanors e [...]trajudicial▪ tending to the breach of the Peace, or Oppression of the Subjects, or to the raising of Faction, Controversie, Debate, or to any manner of Misgovernment; so that No wrong or injury whether publike or private, may be done; but that it shall be there Reformed, or punished by due course of Law.

I find in thePars 2. f. 50. b. Register of Writs, a recital in a [Page 55] Consultation; that the Archdeacon of Norwich antient­ly in his Spiritual Court, sued a Parishioner, ex Offi­cio, for substracting his accustomed Oblations at Easter, Christs Nativity, and All Saints, &c. Et viaticum quod a singulis Catholicis semel in Anno recipi debet. ces­sante legitimo impedimento per multos annos recipers recu [...]abit, in perniciosum e [...]eniplum al [...]orunr. Who procuring a Prohibitien to stay this sute, and prevent the corporal punishment to be inflicted on him for these Of­fences, pro salute animae: Thereupon the King granted a special consultation to the Archdeacon, to proceed in this cause, notwithstanding the Prohibition; to punish this Notorious delinquent, who refused to pay his oblati­ [...]ns, and to receive the Lords Supper for many years, (which Sea The Ca­nons, Anno 1603. Can. 21. 11 [...]. ought to be received by all Christians once a year at least) to the pernicious example of others: Therefore by like Justice (now these Ecclesiastical Courts are suppres­ed) ought special Writs to be issued out of our Tempo­ral Courts, to correct, punish all such Ministers, who (to the pernicious example of others, the scandal of our Church, Religion, and prejudice of their peoples souls) for sundry Months and years together, have peremptorily refused to administer the Lords Supper to their Parishio­ners, though importuned by them to do it; and like­wise to punish all such Parishioners, who have obsti­nately, Schismatically or prophanely refused, or neg­lected to receive it, in such places where it hath been duly administred; And thatSee Lam­berts Justice of Peace, f: [...]16: The Compleat Justice, p. 286. by the very Sta­tutes of 1 Ed. 6. c. 1. 1 Eliz. c. 2. 13 Eliz. c. 12. 3 Jac. ch. 3, 4, 5. Which I trust will henceforth be put in vigorous execution against all such obsti­nate offenders, who shall persevere in the Sacrile­gious Non-administration, or impious Non-reception of the holy Communion, after these my weak, and other pious Mens endeavours to convince them of, and reclame them from these their Unchristian [Page 56] Practices: I shall conclude with that ofGratian, de Consecratio­ne Distinct. 2. S. Hilary; Si non sunt tanta peccata ut Excommunicetur quis, non se debet à medicina corporis et sanguinis Domini seperare. and withFredericus [...]andebrogus, Cod [...]x Legum Antiq. Capitularia Caroli et Ludovici Impera­t [...]r: lib. 7. c. 371. Placuit, ut omnes qui Ecclesiam Intrant (nisi à suo fuerint Excommun [...]cati Sacerdi­te) communicent. Si qui autem hoc facere nolue­rint, tamdiu à Communione et Christianorum consor­tio habeantur alieni, quamdiu per satisfactionem Ec­clesiae à proprio mereantur per manus impositionem re­conciliari Ep [...]scopo, & sanct [...]ae resti [...]ui Communioni: And that of the wholeSurius Con­cil. [...]om. 1. p. 712. Gratian de Consecrat. Distinct. 2. Juo Carnotens [...]s, D [...]cret. pars 2. c. 33. Council of Agathen, about 441. years after Christ: Seculares qui in Na­tali Domini, Pasca, Pentecoste non communicave­rint (and by consequence, Clerici qui tunc Eucha­ristiam Secularibus non administraverint) Catholin non credantur, nec inter Catholicos habeantur; but ought to be reputed as meer Heathens, Publi­cans, Excommunicate persons, unworthy the name of Christs Ministers or Christians.



IN the Title page line 16. regal, read real. p. 1. l. 5. r. Re­formers. p. 21. l. 33. or, r. of. p. 23. l. 3. Roman [...]. p. 25. l. 31. two, r. ten. p. 39. l. 11. form, r. from. p. 4 [...]. l. 4. r. 82. p. 47. l. 3. singing, r. fingering. l. 32. satagant.

Margin. p. 21. l. 8. injured, r. maried. p. 35. l. 17. Inde­pendency. p. 39. l. 39. Opmerus.

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