Britannia Rediviva, Or A GRATVLATORY SERMON

For His MAJESTIES safe Ar­rivall and happy Restitution to the exercise of His Royall GOVERNMENT.

Preached, at the desire of the Ma­gistrats and Councell of ABERDENE, on the XIX of June, which they had de­signed to be a day of Solemne Rejoy­cing within the City, for the Mercy above mentioned,

By JOHN MENZEIS, Professor of Divinity: and Prea­cher of the Gospell in ABERDENE.

Psal. 118. This is the day which the LORD hath made: Wee will rejoyce and be glad in it.

TERTULL. ad Scapulam. Colimus IMPERATOREM sic quomodo et nobis licet, et ipsi expedit, ut hominem a DEO secundum, et quicquid est a DEO consecu­tum, et solo DEO minorem. Hoc et ipse volet. Sic omnibus major est, dum solo vero DEO minor est.

ABERDENE, Printed by James Brown, Ann. 1660.

Unto The Right Honourable, JOHN JAFFRAY L. Provost. • bailies. • Patrick Moir , • Gilbert Gray , • Alexander Alexander , and • Gilbert Molysone  , • Thomas Mercer Dean of Gild. , and • Thomas Mitchell Thesaurer:  And to the rest of the Honourable COUN­CELL of the City of Aberdene.

Right Honourable,

UPon your call and invitation, this Sermon was preached, and now your command hath drawen it to the presse. I cannot but observe a Divine over-ruling Providence, that thong [...] I have been often solicited, to publish other Papers, both casuistique and Polemique, yet my first appearance in print, (if ever there shall be a next,) most needs be on such a Royall Theame. I ac­count it my mercy, that the Lord hath honoured me, not only by the vocall delivery of this ensuing discourse, to excite our hearers unto, but now also by the printing thereof, to be (though the meanest, yet) among the standing Remembrancers, of these two great duties, to which the LORD is signally calling these Nations, viz. Thankfulnes to the Most High God, for the late wounderfull deliverance of Britaine & Ireland; and (which is the root of the former) genuin Christian Loyal­ty to our GRACIOUS SOVERAIGN, whom the Lord hath with an out­stretched arme repossessed with his due rights.

Loyaltie was the glory of the Primitive Christians, Confessours & Martyrs, both under the heathen Persecutions in the first three centuries, & afterwards under Hereticall Empero [...]rs: as CONSTAN­TIUS, [Page] VALENS, VALENTINIAN the younger, Arrians: ANASTA­SIUS, an E [...]TYCHIAN: HERACLIUS, a Monothelite: yea under JULIAN himself who from Christianity did shamefully apostatise, to grosse Heathenisme. Did not the body of JULIANS Army consist of Christians? did they not in evidence hereof, instantly vpon the death of IULIAN, proclaime IOVINIAN, a zealous Christian, EMPEROUR? When IOVINIAN, fearing lest the Army had been ledvened with Heathenism, declyned the Empyre, protesting that he would not be an Emperour to Heathens; Did they not all with one voice, (as witnesseth SOCRATES hist. Eccles. lib. 3. cap. 19. & Theod. hist. Eccles. lib. 4. cap. 1.) professe themselves Christians, some from the dayes of CONSTANTINE, Others from the dayes of CONSTANTIUS? Lo a Christian Army, which retained their allegeance under the worst of Princes, under that Heathenish Apostate IULIAN, whom NAZIANZEN Orat. 1. adversus IULIAN. affirmes to have been more pernicious, in his Contrivances against the Church, then either DIOCLESIAN, or MAXIMINUS. In the Army of VALENS an Arrian Empe­rour and bloudy Persecutour wer not many of his commanders both sound in the faith and precious godly men, as Terentius, Trajanus Arintheus & Victor; who not only publickly professed the trueth; but also with such humble freedom as became Loyall Subjects, did re­present to the Emperour (as is recorded by Theod. hist. Eccl. lib. 4. capp. 28. 29.) his heresis and opposition to a fundamentall trueth of Gul. Bar­clayus lib. de potest. pa­pe, cap. 7. the Gospel? yet, as one sayes, In tam Religiosa libertate, manus abstinuerunt, nec ultra admonitionem processit indignatio. They abstained from all violence, and contained themselves within the bounds of Loyall freedom of admonition. Did not Valentinian the younger, who also was Arrian, acknowledge that Ambrose had such influence upon his Army, that if he would have given a word to the Souldiers, they would have seised on the Emperour, and laid him fast: Hence Ambrose LIB. 5. epist. 33. to Marcellina his sister, brings in the Emperour speaking thus, Si vobis jusserit AMBROSIUS vinctum me tradetis. But precious Ambrose was acted by another spirit. Of the heroïck Loyalty of the more ancient Christians under the heathen persecutions, even then when the Lord had so exceedingly encreased their numbers, that they wanted not strength to have repulsed the injuries which they sustained from Heathens; Is not TERTULL. a speaking witnes, Apologet. cap. 37. Vel una nox &c. In one night (saies he) we could avenge our selves, if it were lawfull with us to recompence evill with evill, Si malum malo dispungi penes nos licerer: sed [Page] absit, ut aut igni humano vindicetur divina secta, aut doleat pati, in quo probatur &c.

These and other pregnant instances of primitive Loyaltie, we left upon record sundry years ages, in our publick Divinity Lectures in the famous Colledge of this City, founded by the Most Noble Lord, the Earle MARISCHALL; cherished by the Honourable Councell of this Burgh; authorised by that Most Illustrious MONARCH, K. IAMES the VI. And further endowed and united with the Old Col­ledge into one CAROLINE UNIVERSITY, by K. CHARLES the FIRST, of ever Glorious Memorie. To theses now onlie I adde the testimony of judicious CALVINE, (though it were easy to muster up an Army, of testimonies, from Reformed Divines, yeelding a most harmonious Echo, to the Loyaltie of these Ancient Worthies.) in his Commentarie on Rom. 13. upon these words v. 3. Rulers, are not a terrour, unto good works; but to the evill: wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good. On which, lear­ned Calvine commenteth thus. Hic de vero, et quasi nativo Magi­stratus officio loquitur; a quo tametsi non raro degenerant, qui Principatum tenent: nihil-ominus deferenda est illis Obedientia, quae Prinicpib' debetur. Nam si malus Princeps, flagellum est ad punienda populi delicta, illud fieri nostro vitio cogitemus; quod eximia Dei benedictio nobis vertatur in maledictionem, ideoq, non desinamus bonam Dei ordinationem revereri: and again, u­pon these words, v. 5. Wherefore yee must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake. Ergo (saieth Calvin) etiamsi exarmatus esset Magistratus, quem impunè lacessere & contem­nere liceret; nihilo magis esset id tentandum, quam si poenam statim imminere cerneremus.

O how dissonant to the primitive Loyaltie of Christians is the usur­pation, of the Bishop of Rome? who spared not to rob Leo Isaurus of a part of the Empyre; Henrie the IV. of Germany, of the whole; Childerick of the Kingdom of France: not to mention the horrid murder of the two Henries, the III. and IV. Of Pope Sixtus the V. his ap­probatiō of the murder of Henry the III. Of the Iesuits approba­tion of, & accessiō to the murder of both the Henries, see, beside others, Burrhill pro Tortura Torti cont. Became. 18. §. 3. p. 188. 189. of France; the many treasonable contrivan­ses against Queen Elizabeth; the Powder-plet against K. James &c.

Neither are these only the practises of Pa­pists, but are also founded upon their doctrinall principles, as may appeare by these foure.

TheFour Jesui­sish princi­ples. First is, That men in Church-orders to [Page] to whom they appropriat the title of Clerici, cannot be punished by any Politique Magistrate, though they keep not the Civill Laws. So ex­presly 1 Bell. lib. 1. de Clericis cap. 28. prop. 3. Yea a little after, he spares not to say, That their Clergiemen, are exempted by the Pope, a subjectione Princip [...]m saecularium, from subjection to secular Princes. How can these men be good subjects, who do not acknowledge themselves subjects at all?

2 Their Second Principle is, That what is revealed by confession to their Priests, though it were a conspiracy, against the life of the KING, or safety of the Kingdome; yet they ought not to discover it. Val de sac. So commonlie their Schoolmen, in their debates, De sigillo confessio­nis,poen. disp. 7. as Valentia, Valques, Suares, Lugo &c. Hence Garnet the Ie­suits q. 13. pun. 4. superiour in England, who suffered, for his accession to the Pow­der-plot,Vas. in 3. p. q. 93. art. 4. dub. could pretend no other excuse, for con­cealing 10. Suar. in 3. p. Tom. 4. disp. that treasonable designe, but because, at 33. sect 1. n. 2. Lug. de sacr. he alleadged, (though the contrary was made out poen. disp. 23▪ sect. 4. in the processe,) it was revealed to him only by confession. And this is one of the grounds upon which Suarez, made bold to condemue the Oath of Allegeance. ten­dered to K. James as sacrilegious,Suar. l. 6. de defen­sione fidei Catholicae cont. An­glican [...] sect [...] errores c. 3. n. 8. & 9. because it required the discovery of Conspiracies, though onely revealed under their imaginary seale of Confession. I know Suarez in end, to wipe off, if possible, the odium of this pernicious doctrine, yeelds that Conspirac [...]es revealed by confessiō, may be discovered. But its with these CautionsSuar. loc. cit. n. 11. 12 1 That the person guilty, be neither directly nor indirectly discovered. 2. That it be done in favours of a Catholique, (that is a Popish) & pious Prince. Then Protestant Princes whom they hold for heretique's, are to expect no such favour; yea nor popish Princes, whom they▪ upon any prejudi [...]e, shall judge not to be pious. And 3. That they be so far from discovering the guil [...]y person on persons, that they be not so much as exposed to a Morall or probable hazard of being discovered by fur­ther enquiries. Is not this on the mat­ter, to retra­ctat his for mer seem­ing conces­sion? Nay rather they will expose both the King & kingdom to certain ruine. Whether this doctrin be consistent with the security of the State, let the WORLD, but specially protestant Princes, judge.

Their third Principle is, That the Pope, by his illimited authority, can absolve subjects frō their obedience due to Princes, & [...]ak voide all oaths of allegeance how solemnly so ever they be taken. This Sua­rez holds out to be the received doctrine of the Church of Rome, in his sorecited treatise, de Defensione fidei Catholicae, adversus Anglicanae 3 sectae errores; (which he wrote against K. JAMES the Sixt, [Page] [...] Phoenix, for learning, at well as for other Royall endowments, a­mong the Princes of his age) in which Spalat. O­stens▪ error. Suarez ii, c. 3. n. 58. cals this book of Suar [...]z, librum pe­stiferū, se­ditionm Magistrū, rebellionū buccinam. the Iesuits grand scope, (as seems) is to teach subjects principles of sedition and rebellion against Princes when they ar not subservient to the Popes interest▪ Hence l. [...]. c. 22. he undertaks to prove this Position; Reges Christianos non so­lum quoad personas, sed etiā quoad regiam potesta [...]em, i. non so­lum ut homines sed etiam ut Reges Christianos potestati Pontifi­cis subjici. The English of it is, That Kings not only as to their Per­ [...]ons, but also as to their Royall Authority; not only as men, but also as Christian Kings are subject to the Popes jurisdiction. Behold, the Iesuite with one blow▪ degrading all the Monarchs of Europe & re­ducing them to the Order of Subjects. Neither is this the private opi­nion, of this on Iesuite, for he declares §. 2. of that same cap. that this his assertion, communi Catholicorum consensu recepta est is recei­ved by common consent of his pretended Catholicks. But here he rests not. In the next cap▪ which is the 23. he layes down this position as the received doctrine of their Fathers, Pontificem Summum potestate coeroiva in Reges u [...] posse, us (que) ad depositionem, That is, That the Pope may exercise his c [...]ercive power over kings even to the depo­sing of them. Yea this they have made an Article of their Faith, in their fourth Lateran Councell,Concil. Later. [...]. cap. 3. Si Dominus temporalis requisitus et monitus ab Ecclesi [...], terram suam purgare negle­xeri [...] ab haeretica foe [...]itate — sig­nificetur, hoc summo Pontifici ut ex tunc vasallos ab ejus fidelitate denun­ciet absolutos, et terram exponat ca­tholicis occupandam qui eam sine ul­la contradictione possideant. I know Spalat. lib. 6. de repub. Eccl. cap. 10. n. 96 et seqq. labours to prove, That al­beit these Later ā canons wer exhibited by the Pope to the Councell, yet no sentence or definition past on them. But what ever be of this, our charge bolds ad hominem against Bell. and the rest of that tribe: for they hold these Canons, as the authen­tique decrees of a Generall Councell. under Innocent the Third. Suarez his drift through all his fixth book, is to dispute again [...]t the giving or keeping of the O [...]h of allegeance to protestant Princes. Yea cap. 4. of that book §. 18. hee is not afrayed to affirme, That the pope may not only [...]epose kings, but also take their lives; & that its law full to any private person commissionated by the Pope to kill the KING. Si Papa (saieth he] Regem deponat, ab illis tan­tum poterit expelli, et interfici, quibus ipse (Papa) id cōmiserit, That is, If the Pope depose the King▪ he can only be ex­p [...]s [...]d and killed by these whom the Pope commissionats for that effect. Spalat. in o­stens. errorum Suarez ii, cap. 6. n. 27. is so astonished at these hell [...]sh tenets, orco digna, as his phrase is, that he breaks forth into these words, Mihi dum haec lego, oculi [Page] stupent, dum haec transcribo manus contremiscit: his eyes failed him and ha [...]ds trembled &c.

4 I only adde a fourth of their Principles, (though they who tooke pleasure to rake this dunghill, could easily fill a volume with such stuffe from their writtings) which Cardinall Bellarm. delyvers, lib 5. de Romano Pontifice, cap. 7. Rat. 3. Non licere Christianis tolerare Regem haereticum, si is conetur subditos in suam haeresin pertra­here. That its not lawfull for subjects, to tolerat an Hereticall King, if he labour to draw his subjects to his heresie. It not this to blew a Trumpet for rebellion? because of these and such like Popish principles, our gravest Divines, among the rest learned Davenant, in his book intituled, Determinationes quarundam Quaestionum Theologi­carum quaest. 17 [...] have most deservedly concluded, [...]esuiticos Pontifi­cios non posse esse bonos subditos, That Iesuited Papists can never be good subjects; and worthy Master Baxter in his Key for Catho­licks, part. 1. cap. 48. spares not to say, That Kings are not Kings, where the Pope is folly Pope. What neede we more? It not Our Most Seren PRINCE of glorious memory K. Iames the VI. a Wit­nesse beyond exception, Who in his Royall Apologi [...] for the oath of Al­legeance, pagg. 279. and 280. inter opera Regia after a recitall of twelve of Bellarmin's positions destructive to Royaltie, such as ThatO impudēt and prodi­gious tenets Kings, are rather servants then Lords: that they are subject not onely to Popes, but also to Bishops & Presbyters, yea & to Dea­cons: That Emperours, must not take it ill, to drink, not only after the Bishop, but also after the Presbyter. That Ecclesiastick perso [...]s, are as far above Princes, as the soul in dignity is beyond the body: That the function and authority of Kings, is not im­mediatly of God or of Divine right: That Kings may be depo­sed by their subjects: That Popes have deposed Emperours, but never did an Emperour depose a Pope &c. Who, I say, after a large recitall of these and other of the Iesuits pernicious tenets, most judiciously concludeth. Non magis opponi Christum Beliali, aut lucem tenebris, aut Coelum Inferno, quam Roberti Bellarmini, de Regibus opinio, Divinis Oraculis adversatur, That is, That the Devill is no more opposite to Christ, nor light to darknesse, nor hell to Heaven, then the Iesuite Bellarmine's opinion of Kings is re­pugnant to the divine Oracles of holy Scripture.

But Alas! What shall I say? Is it not to be lamented, if it were possible with tears of bloud? That so much advantage should have been given to the Iesuited party for recrimination, to retort a charge of disloy­al [...]

A GRATULATORY SERMON for His Majesties safe ARRIVALL and happy restitution to the Exercise of His Royall Government [...].

Vers. 20.

Thou which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.

Vers. 21.

Thou shalt increase my greatnesse, and comfort me [...]n every side.

Vers. 22.

I will also praise thee with the psaltery, even thy truth O my GOD, unto thee will I sing with the harp, O th [...] Holy One of Israel.

IN the words read, (leaving to preface upon theThe text di­vided. Psalme in generall) we have these three things. First, A Great and a gracious King, David, the Royall Psalmist and sweet finger of Israel, ex­pressing his sense of the deep troubles under which he [...] had groaned. Thou hast shewed me great and s [...]re troubles. II. The same David from a well grounded perswasion of faith, promi [...]ing to him­self, from the Lord, as signall mercies, for the future, as his for­mer afflictions had been bitter. Thou shalt quicken me again, and bring me up again from the depths of the earth. Thou shalt increase my greatnes, and comfort me on every side. Wee have him III. as one who well knew how to improve both rods and deliverances, so­lemnly engaging to be forthcoming for the Lords praise, I will The first branch sub­divided. also praise thee with the Psalteri [...] even thy truth O my GOD. &c.

I returne, intending by a few short hints to passe through the words. In the first branch David, holds out 1. The principall Author of all his sad exercises: not Saul, not Doeg, not Absolom, (in time of whose unnaturall conspiracy this psalme is thought [Page 2] to have been penned) But Thou O Lord, (sayes he,) Thou O holie Angustias multas et malas, Tre­mell. Mag­nas & ma­las, Pagnin et Mont. One of Israel, 2. He gives a touch of the bitternesse of his exer­cises, he cals them, great and sore troubles, that is, depth distresses. But 3. w [...]e have fai [...]hs undervaluing prospect of all these evils. Sense had called them great & sore troubles; but faith in a manner correcting sense, sayes, Thou hast suè [...]ed me great & sore troubles fe­cisti ut experirer, Iun. et Tremell. But they acknowledge according to the hebrew, its Fecisti ut viderem, & hence Pagnin. Ostendisti, Thou hast made me to see or shewed me, as if David had said, albeit sense do aggravate my afflictions, as great & sore troubles; yet faith gives me another estimat of them. Its but a transient view & shew of trouble, which I have had, Thou who hast shew­ed me great & sore trouble. The words of this branch are so plain, that they need not further explication, then what hath been insi­nuated in the division, Therefore I proceed to some doctrines.

Doct. 1 Doct. 1. Great ones and good ones may be exercised with great and sore troubles. David, was both a great Prince and a good man; yet was he exercised with great and sore troubles. Ye will finde the truth of this, if ye reade the History of Sa [...]ls persecution, and of Absolems usurpation, i [...] the books of Samuell. Was not Joseph an eminent Worthy? yet was he also exercised with great and sore troubles, The archers sorely grieved him, shot at him, and woun­ded him GEN. 49. 23. He was thrown into a pit, sold to Ishmae­lits, after cast into a dungeon, and laid in the irons in a strange Land. But what speak I of David or of Joseph? Was there ever so great an One as our LORD CHRIST, the Son of the Highest? or so good an One, The holy and just One. Yet behold and see [...] if ever there was any sorrow like to His sorrow!

The 1. rea­son of the Doctrine.A first reason of the point may be this, Great and haynous [...]ins, bring on great and sore afflictions; I never knew any rationall creature afflicted, but were sinners, either formally or by impu­tation. I add this caution, because of Our Lord Jesus who never knew sin, II. Cor. 5. 21. as to His own Person, He was conscious to himself of no wickednesse, nor ever was guile found in his mouth, I. Pet. 2. 22. yet one spared not to say, (I pray mistake not the word,) that He was the greatest of sinners, namely by imputation: because all the sins of the Elect were imputed to Him and char­ged on Him, Isai. 53. 6. He laid on him the iniquities of us all. Do­minus fecit occurrere in [...]um ARR. MONT. he made all our iniqui­ties to meete on Him, as so many violent streames of water mee­ting [Page 3] in one channell, and this imputed guiltinesse of the Elect, was the ground of His unspeakable sufferings; But alas, All the [...]est of Mankinde beside our LORD, are inherently sinfull, even this holy Prince David, so much renowned for his holines, had his owne spots, and these very foule. Indeed if I should say, that the greatest sufferers, are alwayes the greatest sinners; I should sin against the generation of the righteous; for the Lord somtimes af­flicts his owne, more for the tryall of their graces, then for the punishment of their transgressions, as is clear in the case of Job; Yet it is sin which renders us subjects capable of affliction: So that Eliphaz▪ word holds true, IOB. 5. 6. Affliction springs not out of the dust. Sin is the bitter root on which affliction grows.

Reason se∣cond of the Doctrine. A second reason, The Lord exercises some of the sons of men with great and sore troubles, to fi [...] and prepare them for emi­nent trust and services; This was the designe of God in exerci­sing Joseph with these many and bitter afflictions, even to pre­pare him, for the great trust he was to put upon him; for He had appointed him to be a Prince and Governour next to Pharaoch, in that mighty kingdom of Egypt. Wherfore GEN. 50. 20. As for you, said he, to his brethren) yee thought evill against me, but God meant it unto good. Before the LORD set David upon the Throne, He would have him schooled by the crosse, hunted like a Partridge, and chased from Nation to Nation; Thus the LORD fitted him for the trust to which hee was designed. Hence ye [...] finde him resolving in Psal. 101. when he comes to his Govern­ment, to cloath himself with the z [...]ale of God for cleansing, both Court and Nation of evill doers, A sweet fruit of a sanctified affliction. I desire confidently to beleeve, that this hath been the designs of God, in these great and sore troubles, wherewith Hee hath been pleased to exercise our GRACIOUS SOVERAIGN, to fit him for the Government, and to prepare him to be an emi­nent instrument of His Glory, in advancing the Reformed and Protestant Religion, both at home and abroad. And surlie a san­ctified affliction is a speciall meane of God, to fit men, either for Civill or Ecclesiastick capacities. Schola crucis, sch [...]la lucis; The schoole of the crosse is a school of light & instruction; Yea is it not said of our LORD [...] Heb. 5. 8. [...] He learned by what he suffered

Reasō third of the Doct. Take onely a hint of a third reason. If great ones & good ones were exempted frō crosses, alas would they not be ready to [Page 4] say, Its good being here. But our Lord lookes upon an Imperiall Crown on earth as too low a Portion for a Saint. Therefore the Lord is pleased to mixe water among their wyne, that they may look & pant after that Crown of righteousnes and Glory, that fadeth not away. The Lord had provided a better portiō for Da­vid, then the Crown of Israel. I trust also for our LATE SOVE­RAIGN of ever blessed Memory, though bloudy hands did rob him of his life & of an earthly Crown, yet could they not rob him of that incorruptible Crown of Glory; Nay by that horrid & inhumane parricide they did hasten him, to the possessiō therof. I verily beleeve, It was the lively expectation of, and earnest brea­things of his most precious soul after that Crown of Righteous­nesse, which did so strengthen him to possesse his soul with such admirable, heroick, and invincible patience, under so long [...], supra mo [...] in sublimi­tate vulg. lat. Secundū excellentiam in excellentiam, ARR. MONT. mire supra modum Eras. In incredibilem modum, Aug. in Psalm. 93. per supergressū insuper. Tertull. in Scorp. cap. 13. Glori [...] excellenter excellentis. Beza. a tract of such barbarous and unheard of cruelties. According to that, II. Cor. 4. 17. 18. Our light affliction (so faith cals sharpest afflictions, when it eyes that hoped for Glory) which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternall weight of glo­ry, While wee looke not at the things which are seen; but at the things which are not seen: for the things which are seen, are temporall, but the things which are not seen are eternall. Whom would not the lively hope of this glory, animat to undergoe any trials with patience?

Use first of Doct. I onely point at two words of vse: and the first is, Dear People, take heed yee provoke not the Lord. If He spare neither the greatest nor the best of men, when they sin against him▪ how shall we escape? If He smite Cedars like David, with great and sore troubles; shall shrubs like us expect impunitie? The Lord by the rodes, wherwith he exercises great Ones and good ones demonstrates how hatfull sin is to him in all persons. Yea let Christ the Son of his love charge himself but with the trespasses of other men, He shall not escape the Crosse, Rom, 8. 32. He spared not his owne Son. Were this considered, and seriously beleeved: would wee da [...]e to offend this sin-revenging Majesty of God? Surely when the Iudgements of God are on the land, (especially when he smyts great Ones & good ones) The inhabitants ought to learne righteousnes. Is. 26. 8.

Use second of doctrin. But my second word of use is, judge not hardly, I intreate you, of afflicted ones. The Lord may exercise a David, who was a dar­ling, with great and sore troubles, yet the Lord had a designe of love in all Davids afflictions; and made it out so convincingly to Davids spirit, that he professes to the praise of the Lords good­nesse. Psalm. 119. 71. It was good for him he was afflicted, and v. 57. That the Lord in faithfulnes had afflicted him. Luther was wont to say, Ecclesia est haeres crucis, and again, Omnis Christianus est cru­cianus, and againe, I have not (said he) a greater argument a­gainst the Popes kingdom, Quam quod sine cruce regnat, then that he reigns without a crosse. The holy man was so far from look­ing upon outward prosperitie as a Marke of the Church, that he rather looked on it as a badge of Antichrist. It hath pleased the Lord so to order, that our SOVERAIGN is come to his Crown by the crosse. This should be so far from stumbling us, that it ought rather to raise both our prayers to God for him, and our expectations of him, the higher. Our earnest desire to the Lord ought to be, that it may more and more appeare, that the Lord had a speciall designe of love to him in all his sufferings, to make him the more instrumentall for his own glory, & for the good of these Nations. What an hard beginning had illustrious QUEEN ELIZABETH? clapt up in the tower of London, carried frō pri­son to prison, how oft was she in fears, either to be brought forth to publick execution or to be secretly cut off? One day in her pri­son at Wood-stock, hearing a poor milk-maid singing chearfully: O, said she, that my lot were exchanged with the condition of that poor milk-maid! Yea her sufferings were such, that as one sayes, she well deserved the tittle of Elizabeth the confessor, yet af­terwards, what a glorious Princesse did the Lord make her? What an eminent instrument was she for the establishment & propaga­tion of the Gospel, both at home and abroad? with what a long and prosperous reigne did the Lord blesse her? so that the event did answere to that word, where with oft she propheticallie so­laced her self, in time of her afflictions: Flebile Principium, melior fortuna sequetur. Reverend Mr. Clark in her life sayes of her Her very afflictions through Gods goodnes did her so much good, that it is hard to say, whether she wer more happy in having a Crown so soon, or in having it no sooner, till affliction had first laid in her a low and therfore sure foundation of humilitie, for highnes to be afterwards built upon, by which means she was ripned for the future rule & soveraignty. [Page 6] Let our prayers to the Lord to day be, that the late sufferings of his MAJESTY who now reigns, may have the like blessed issue. And for a door of hope, we have his constant adherence to the Pro­testant Religion, in midst of so many temptations, and that most Christian Proclamation against profannes and debauchrie emitted shortly after his solemn reception in the city, which deserves to be printed in letters of gold. Such gracious beginnings are very pro­mising.

Doctrine second. But I proceed to this second doctrine, from the first branch of the text, Its a good signe of a sanctified affliction, when the hand of God is principallie and religiouslie eyed in the rod. David had instruments and these most wicked to have looked after; as furious Saul, bloody D [...]eg, unnaturall ambitious and treacherous Absolom, that fox Achitophel, that barking dog Shimei &c. But he looks above all these, THOƲ, saies he, who hast shewed me great & sore troubles. What a THOU is this? look to v. 22. the last of my text, THOƲ O my God, THOƲ O holy One of Israel, he eyes God principally in all. Jobs carriage is very remarkable as to this, Iob. 1. 21. Job does not charge Caldeans, nor Sabeans, nor the Devill with his calami­ties, though they wer most wickedly instrumentall in them. He does not say, the Lord gave, but the Devil & his instrumēts have taken away: Nay as he acknowledges the Lord to be the giver, so also he eyes the hand of his Soveraign providence in taking away. The Lord, saies he, gave, & the Lord hath taken away, blessed be the name of the Lord. As remarkable is that of Joseph Gen. 45. 3. 4. 5. When he had revealed himself to his brethren, saying, I am Joseph whom ye sold into Egypt. They wer so troubled, and as the margine varies it, terrified at his presence, through the con­science of their trespasse against him, that they could not speak, nor I beleeve well look to him: But behold holy and precious Joseph his carriage, Come neare, said he, my brethren, & be not grie­ved, for God did send me before you to preserve life. He looks more to the overuling hand of providence, then to them, in that won­derfull dispensation. Ye know also Davids mortified & heroick carriage, in the matter of Shimei, II. Sam. 16. 10. When Abishai would have executed justice on him, the King would not suffer him, For, said he, God hath said to Shimei, curse David. The religious eying of the hand of providence in the dispensation made Da­vid so moderate in executing just vengeance on such a Traitour.

Ʋse. Let the use of the poynt be for tryall. There have been very [Page 7] sad rods these late years upon this land, upon our Kings, upon our Nobles, upon our Cities; who have not had a share in the stroak? Would ye know if the sanctified use be obtained, either of these common national rods, as each of us have been concer­ned in them, or of particular and personall exercises? look if yee have learned purely to eye the hand of divine providence in af­flicting dispensations; THOƲ hast shewed [...]e great & sore troubles, said this Royal Psalmist. When the afflicting hand of God is pure­lie eyed, the soul will first humble it self genuinly, & submissive­lie under his mighty hand. I. Pet. 5. 6. It will secondly be very stu­dious of a saving discovery of the sin, which hath provoked him, Job 34. 31. 32. The ear thirdly will be opened to disciplin. Job 36. 8. 9, 10. There will be a listning to the voyce of the rod: the duties will be observed to which the Lord calls, O that this may be BRITAINES mercie! O but that is a dreadfull scripture, Isai 42. 24. 25. Who gav [...] Jacob for a spoyle, and Israel to the robbers? did not the Lord against wh [...] we have sinned? for they would not walk in his wayes, neither were they obedient unto his law. Therefore he hath poured upon him the furie of his anger, and the strength of battel, and it [...]ath set him on fire round about, yet he knew it not▪ and it burned him, yet he laid is not to heart. The Lord keep these lands from such a spirituall lethargie. I close the poynt with this word, A sanctified remembrance of the afflictions [...]nder which we have lately been, eying principally in them the hand of divine Providence, and and our own trespasses, which have provoked the Lord against [...]s, were a notable ballast to our spirits, in such a day of rejoicing, for so fignall a delyverance. The day wherin the Lord brought Israel out of Egypt, was sure a joyfull day to the people of God; yet the Lord, in the anniversarie commemoration of it, would have them to eat the passeover, which as it did c [...]memorat their deliverance, so also their bondage & affliction in Egypt. Hence the Jewish rituals tell us, that at the distribution of the paschall bread, they used these words, This is the bread of affliction, which our fathers suffered in Egypt. A sanctified remembrance of Gods affli­cting Hand, is very usefull, for tempering spirits, in a day of de­lyverance.

Doctrine Third. A Third doctrine shall be this, It is but a transient view of affli­ction which the Lord gives to his own. The word of the text is very remarkable as to this, Th [...] hast S [...]EWED me great & sore troubles David had been under very sharp troubles, if sense may be judge: [Page 8] but faith corrects sense. Its but a shew, but a view of trouble, which I have had, sayes beleeving David I shall cleare the poynt by a few reasons. Reason 1 As first, The sting is taken out of the afflictions of beleevers; hence they speak in scripture of their evils, rather as seeming evils, then reall, II. Cor. 6. 9. 10. 11. As dying, yet behold we live: as chastned, and not killed, as sorrowfull, yet alwayes rejoy­eing: as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, yet possessing all things. He puts, as one saies, a tanquā, an as, upon all his & the people of God their afflictions, as if they were more in seem­ing, then in reali [...]ie. Reason 2 Secondly, As the sting is taken away, so the Lord sweetneth rods to beleevers, by his own gracious pre­sence. Hee is with them in fire and water, Isai 43. 2. The refresh­ing influence of his gracious presence made some, call their pri­son, an Orchard of delights, and others to sing at the stake. Hence said one, Tua prasentia Domine, Laurentio ipsam craticulā [...]ulcem fe­cit. Thy gracious presence O Lord, made the burning gridiron sweet to Laurence, when he was rosted alive upon it. Reason 3 And thirdly, (not to adde more reasons) the afflictions of Saints in tyme, are, as was said of Julians persecution. but a passing clond. What were all the hardships which David met with from Saul, after he was peaceably setled on the thron, but as the remembrance of a shew upon a stage? When Absoloms conspiracie was discussed, what was the remembrance thereof, but like a dream when it past? Vse. Is there not here unspeakable comfort to the people of God? Its but a transient view of afflictions they have here in time, when they are up in glory, cloathed with robs of immortality, with palmes in their hands, what will the remembrance of the afflicti­ons of tyme be to them, but as a dream when its gone? Now my earnest desire to the Lord is, that all the bitter tryals, with which the Royall familie have been hitherto exercised, may bee swallowed up, with such a blessed and sanctified prosperity for the future, that all their former sufferings may be as a dream whē its past, as a shew upon a stage, when its withdrawn. And this for the 1. branch of the text, Thou hast shewed me great & sore troubles.

The second branch of the text.I come to the second branch, wherin faith promises a glori­ous out-gate to David from all his troubles. Thou shalt quicken me againe, and shalt bring me up againe, from the deepths of the earth. As if he had said, I am like a man dead and buried; I am laid in theexplication of the secōd branch. deepths of the earth. In abyssis sayes Tremell. In voraginibus [...]erra, says Pagnin. Swallowed up in the g [...]s of the earth. I am civilly dead [Page 9] and buried, laid by as a broken vessell in the thoughts of the people, wherof can be no more use. So spoke sense: O but sayes Faith, there shall be a resurrection. Thou O Lord wilt returne and quicken me, yea Thou wilt bring me up from the depths of the earth. Though I be low, yet thou wilt exalt me. This was much; yet Da­vids faith rests not here, it goes on, Thou shalt increase my greatnes; multiplicabis magnitudinem meam sayes Montanus, thou shalt mul­tiplie my greatnes, thou shalt make my state, grandour & dignity more eminent then ever, and far beyond my predecessors, and so indeed it was. And yet more, sayes he, Thou shalt comfort me on every syde, circuibis, consolaberis me, so Montan. thou shalt compasse me & comfort me, that is, thou shalt surround me with comfort: as my afflictions have abounded, so shall my comforts. Thus yee have a short explication of this branch, I only give two short doctrines from it that I may passe thorow the text.

Doctrine first. Doct. first. Its a very dark clo [...]d, through which faith will not see an out-gate. Its deep trouble indeed, wherin faith will not see a vi­sion of peace. David now was under great & sore trouble, yet be­hold what his faith sayes; Thou shalt quicken me againe, and bring me up from the depths of the earth, thou shalt encrease my greatnes, and comfort me on every syde. Reason first. A First reason may be, Faith is the evidence of things not seen, H [...]b. 11. 1. when sense saies, It will not be▪ when rea­son saies, It cannot be, then faith saies, It shall be; I see it, saies faith, Though I sit in darknes, the Lord shall be a light unto me, Micah, 7. 8. Yea it realizes things absent, Trem. reades these prophecies of faith in my text, in the present. Pagnin in the pret. imperfect. Vivificabas, faci [...]bas ascendere, multiplicabas, consolabaris. Faith assures the heart as much of promised mercies, as if they were already enjoyed. Reasō secōd. Secondly, When faith acteth upon a promise, it contemneth all difficulties. I see, sayes faith, these and the other difficulties in the way, but faithfull is he who hath promised; the mouth of the Lord hath spoken, & he will performe. Reasō third. Thirdly, Faith saileth in a room sea. It improveth infinite Omnipotencie, the almighty power of God. Rom. 4. 20. 21. Abraham staggered not at the promise, through unbeliefe being fully perswaded that what he had promised, he was able to perform. Hence it is said, All things are possible to him that believeth Mark 9. 23.

Vse. Dear people study the cleanly exercise of this precious grace of faith; it will prove a brave supporter in a day of strait: when sense and reason are miserable comforters, and ready to say, there [Page 10] is no help for thee in God, now thou art fallen and shall never rise againe: then faith will prophecie good things as in my text; Yet God will quicken me againe, and bring me up from the depths of the [...]arth. O happy they! who know by experience, what this jewel [...]faith is. Surely I know nothing, which could have upheld, either our late gracious SOVERAIGN, or his MAJESTY who now is, under their incomparable sufferings, but this heavenly grace of faith. The just lives by faith, Hab. 2. 4. faith maketh the beleeving sufferer, more then Conquero [...]r.

Doctrine second, But I come to the second and maine doctrine at which I drive It is not unusuall with our Lord to raise these eminently, whom he hath laid once very low. How low was David brought under Sauls per­secution, when he was forced to flee among heathens; and once had no other way to save his life, but by feigning himself mad? How low was he brought by Absolem, when he is put to flee bare-footed from Ierusalem; when a dog like Shimei durst come and throw stones at him? yet after all this, the Lord did honour him exceedingly, and as my text speaketh, The Lord did increase his greatnes and comfort him on every syde. I give but another in­stance. How low was Iob brought? stript of all his estate, & be­reaved of all his children in one day: moreover smitten with loathsom diseases in his person, the arrows of God, in the meane while, drinking up his spirit: yea, and under such temptations, that as he speaketh cap. 7. 15. he was ready to choyse strang­ling & death rather then life, yet as you reade, c. 42. 10. 12. The Lord [...]urned [...]ask the captivity of Iob, & his latter end was more prosperons [...]hen the first; at first, he had 7000 sheep cap. 1. v. 3. at last, be had 14000 cap. 43. v. 12. at first, he had 3000 camels, cap. 1. v. 3. at list, he had 6000 cap. 42. v. 12. and so the spirit of God goes on cap. 42. doubling his estate in his latter dayes, beyond what it was before.

For reasons take these few hints, The Lords does so, Reason first. First, to shew his Almighty power that he can help at a dead lift; even when creatures are laid in the depths of the earth. Reasō secōd. Secondly, to manifest his faithfulnes, that he is a God who keepeth promise. Providence may seem to crosse promises for a season; yet the Lord is ever myndfull of his promise, and therefore in end will suffer nothing to fall to the ground of all the good word which he hath spoken. Reasō third. Thirdly, To engage those whom he thus signal­ly exalteth, to tune up a song of praise to him, Psalm 40, 2. The [Page 11] Lord brought me up out of an horrible pit, and out of the myrie clay, and set my feet upon a rock and established my goings. Now what was the result of his deliverance, is subjoined v. 3. He put a new song in my mouth, even praise to our God. Reason 4 And Fourthly, to engage them to be zealous for him and his interests. Sure it becomes them, [...] whom the Lord hath done great things, to say, Quid retribuam Demino? What shall I render to the Lord, Psalm 116. 12.

Vse. The poynt might afford many uses, specially for the consola [...] ­tion and strengthening of the hands of afflicted ones; but these I forebeare to day. Only this one; We have to remember to day, to the Lords praise, as signall a providence in exalting Our SO­VERAI [...]N Lord the KINGS MAIESTY, to the throne of his ROYALL FATHER of eternall memory, as either David, or any Prince mentioned in sacred or prophane history, did ever meet with. If ye consider first the low and lamentable condition, to which his Sacred MAJESTY was brought, these diverse years [...]bygone. Secondly, The manifold attempts with great and potent Armies for his deliverance, all which were blasted. Thirdly, The unexpectednes of this revolution: surely, When the Lord turned our captivity we were as those who dreamed, Psalm 126. 1. Fourthly, the poynt of tyme, when the Lord appeared, namely, when our confusions wer like to be greater, & our yoke heavier then ever. So that at evening tyme (as Z [...]ch. speaketh c. 14. 7.) when all were fearing mid-night darknes, The Lord hath made light to arise. And Fifthly, which is no lesse admirable then any of the former, that so great a change, should be carried on without blood. There have been many strange changes in Britaine within these twenty years, but surely none like to this, wherin the gracious hand of divine providence hath so signally appeared. Verily we may sing and say with our Royall Psalmist, Psal. 118. 22. 23. 24. The stone which the builders refused, is become the head of the corner. This is the Lords doing, it is marvellous in our eyes. This is the day which the Lord hath made, we will be glad and rejoyce in it.

Now that I may close this doctrine, and withall the secondThree hope­full desires. branch of the text, there are three things which from my heart I both wish and hope from the Lord, to his MAJESTIE: & they ought to be all our desires and hope, in his behalfe. The first is, 1 that the promise of my text may be fulfilled in him, viz. That the Lord would increase his greatnes and confort him on every side; that he may be the most glorious, renowned & trulie blessed KING, that [Page 12] ever Britaine injoyed. I wish, that Patriarchall Blessing to him which Jacoh Propheticallie pronounced upon Ioseph Gen. 49. 25. 26. The Blessings of heaven above, The Blessings of the depth that lyes under, The Blessings of the breasts and of the womb, Blessings, beyond all the blessings of his progenitors, unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hils, be upon the head of our Ioseph, upon the Sacred head of our Gra­cious SOVERAIGN, whom the Lord hath separated to rule ever TERTUL. Apolog c. 30. Deni (que) sine monito­re, quia de pectore ora­mus, (Note here, that from this phrase, sine Monitore quia de pe­ctore, some learned men have observed, that CHRISTIAN'S in Tertul­lians time, did not wholly tye themselves, to stinted liturgicall formes in prayer,) precantes su [...]us semper pro omnibus Imperatori­bus, vitam illis prolixam, Imperium securum, domum tutam, exerci­tus fortes, Senatum fidelem, populum probum, orbem quietum, que­cunque hominis et CAESARIS vota sunt. his people in these Nations. Blessed be he in his Royall Person, In his Counsels and Government, in his Allyes abroad, in his Sub­jects of all ranks at home, in his Parliaments, Armies, Navies, Nobilitie, Gentrie, Borroughs, Ministers of the Gospell &c. Let him be blest Bonis Throni et Scabelli, Poliet Soli: both with Bles­sings of the throne and of the footstool, with an eminent mea­sure, both of Saving graces, and Kingly graces with length of dayes, a flourishing Crown, with Loyal subjects, with a thriving Gospell & Church, with pure & spirituall ordinances through­out his Dominions. Thus shall the promise of the text be accom­plished, His greatnesse shall be increased, & he comforted on every side.

My second wish, (which also I hope) is, that with David in my Text, He may look on the Lord, as the God of all his mercies, and 2 first Fountain of them. DAVID doth not attribute these great things, which here he expects, either to Joabs gallantry or Hu­shai's policy; though both wer greatly instrumentall in this deli­verāce of David, & in overturning this cōspiracy of Absolom; But he looks above all unto God, as the first Spring, the first wheel, the first Mover: THOU O Lord (said he) shalt quicken me againe, THOU shalt raise me up, THOU shalt inerease my greatnes THOU shalt cōfort me on every side. GOD was all in all to him. IT is far frō my purpose, to undervalue the atchievments of Instruments, or to derogate in the least, from the high respect, that is due to them. Succeeding Generations will blesse that truely Noble, Valorous and Loyall GENERALL MONCK: Whom God [Page 13] hath chiefly honoured, as an Instrument in the work; Neither should Hushas's be forgotten, who by counsel have been assisting; I hope these who have been most instrumentall, have learned Christ better, then to offend, that I say, The Lord should be loo­ked to, as the first Authour of all. Nay, themselves must, & will acknowledge, all their instrumentality to be of Him. O so sig­nally as the Lords hand hath appeared, therefore let Him above all be looked to: and this will help, through his blessing, to the sanctified improvment of these late mercies.

But my third desire, (which I likwise waite and hope for) is 3 That OUR SOVERAIGN like another DAVID, may be Zealous for God, and the precious interests of the Gospell. O how zealous was David for the Lord, psal. 69. 9. The zeale of thy House, said he, hath eaten me up. O what zeale witnessed he in dancing be­fore the Ark, when he brought it up to mount Zion,? II. Sam. 6. 14. 15. and II. Sam. 7. What, said he, shall I dwell in Cedar, and the Ark of God abide in Courtains? And thereupon resolveth to build a Temple to the Lord. Rich preparations made he for the Work, as may be seen, I. Chron. chapters 28. 29. Yea, & would also have accomplished it, if the Lord had not stopt him, and told him by the mouth of Nathan, That he would have theHieron. in Titum. c. 1. Episcopino­verint, se cōsuetudine magis, quam dispositionis dominica ve­ritate, Pres­biteris esse majores. Temple built by a Solomon. The Lord was so well pleased with Davids purpose, That II. Sam. 7. 11. and 16. he promises to build David an house, and to establish his Throne for ever. The Lord honours those who honour him, I. Sam. 2. 30. The surest way Princes can take for establishment of their Throns, is to be zea­lous for, and tender of the Interests of JESUS CHRIST, his Truth, his Ordinances, his Servants and People. Wee have there­fore to day, earnestly to pray, That OUR GRACIOUS SOVERAIGN may be a zealous Defender of the Protestant CAUSE, and Ordinances of Christ in their purity, That Prelacy, superstition, & Ordinances which at not of Divine institution, may not creep in into the Worship of GOD within our Church. Whittak. ad ratione [...] 10. Campiani. Si preces pro mortuis damnare & Episcopo presbiterum aequa­re, sit hareticum, nihil Catholicum esse potest. Cum AERIO Hieronymꝰ de pres­biteris omnino senfit. illos cuim jure divine Episcopis aquales esse statuit.

Yet am I not of the judgement, That Princes rights to their Crownes, depends upon their erthodoxie in judgement; [Page 14] I cordially subscrive to the pure Primitive Loyalitie of ancient Christians,See Confess. of Faith, c. 23, art. 4. who retained their allegiance, under Heathen & Arri­an Emperours; under Infidell & Heretick Princes, aswell as un­der these who wer sound & orthodox in their judgements: for as AUGUST. said, Qui regnare dedit CONSTANTINO Christians, ipse dedit Apostatae IƲLIANO. Hee who gave the Imperiall Crowne to CONSTANTINE a Christian, gave it also to IƲ ­LIAN the Apostate: But blessed be the Lord, we have not an Heathen Prince: wee have not an Arrian Prince: we have not a Popish Prince: but a PRINCE, Who hath constantly adhered to the Protestant Religion, in the furnace of affliction, notwith­standingDefensor almae qui fidei clues, Ʋnius idem tu fidei, Dei Ʋnius, unius (que) Christi Semper er [...], es, eri [...] professor. O perge (pergens tu perages) manu Forti, & secundis us (que) laboribus Rem Christianam promovere, Romuleo gravis Antichristo. Decachordon concinens liberatio­nem Britannicam Autore. T. G. he was compassed with as many temptations, as ever any Prince was as­saulted with. We have a PRINCE Who by his Royall Authority, hath confirmed to us the Protestant Religion in its purity: without the mixture of these humane in­ventions. This is a Mercy for which we ar to magnifie the Lord to day, that we have such a PRINCE under whom wee may enjoy the Ordinances of Christ in their Purity: And though it were otherwise, (which God forbid) yet Loyalty is still our duty as subjects; But let us be earnest with the Lord by prayer; That our GRACIOƲS SOVERAIGN may be kept in the way of truth, that he may be a zealous Defender thereof and of the Ordinances of IESUS CHRIST in their purity, according to their first Institution; This will make Him an Eminent BLESSING to his people: and his people truely blest in him, and will give strong ground of confidence of fulfilling the Promise in my Text; That God will increase his greatnesse, and comfort him on every side.

I come to the third and last branch of the Text, in vers. 22. Wherein David solemnly engages to bee forthcoming to theThe third branch of the Text. Lords praise. I also will praise thee, &c. Yee have heard David expressing his sense of his afflictions; yee heard how his Faith & hope did prophecie of an Out-gat [...]; Now yee have Davids heart; enflamed with love to God, upon the confidence of this hoped for deliverance, engaging to tune up a Song of praise, yea anti­dating a song of Thanks-giving. The words are exceeding sweet, but time will not permit me to insist on them. I intend onely [Page 15] after I have runne thorow them, by a few explicatory hints, to propose one doctrine from them.

There are five observable words in the vers. Which we wouldFive obser­vable words in it. notice▪ THE FIRST, I will also praise thee, as if he had said, I have prayed and poured out my soul, by supplication before 1 thee; And Faith hath brought me in a gracious returne of Prayer: That there shall be a comfortable Out-gat▪ therfore I ALSO will praise thee. Prayer is a very fruitfufull duty. Its the womb, if I may so speak, wherein the Praises of God are conceived. Would yee have your Praises accepted to day? let them not be disjoy­ned 2 from Prayer. Its sweet when these two, Prayer and Praise, go together. I ALSO will praise thee▪ The second word is, Even thy truth, that is, Thy true and faithfull Promise. O so precious as Promises are to them who improve them, and especially to those, who by a beleeving improvement, find them made good! Such will magnifie promises indeed, even thy truth. But then thirdly, 3 O my GOD, Its sweet, when faith in a dark houre, can plead its interest in God. David was under great and sore trouble, yet Faith pleads its interest. Hee is my God. I will not say, but faith in an houre of temptation may be sore shaken. Saves not David himself, Psal. 31. 22. I said in my haste, I am cutt off▪ and I. Sam. 27. 1. I shall now perish one day by the hand of SAUL. But these wer onely swooning fits of faith: his faith recovered strength again,

The fourth word is, I will praise thee with the Psaltery, I will sing praise to thee with the harp. IT was the custome of old in the Jewish 4 Church, to make use of these and other Musicall Instruments in the Worship of God, as appears almost everie-where in this book of the Psal­mes, Of the forme of these Instruments, see Ioseph. lib. 7. Antiq. IUD. cap. 10. POLYD. VERGIL de inventoribus re­rum, lib. 1. cap. 15. HOSPIN. de Tem­lis, lib. 2. cap. 23. English annot. on I. Chron. 13. 8. Also the epist, to Dar­danus, de Musicis instrumentis, among Hieroms works. and from I. Chron. 13. 8. Though Procopius Gazaeus cited by HOSPINIAN de templis, lib. 2. cap. 23. spares not to say, Cultum hunc non a Deo traditum, sed a Davide excogitatum fuisse. That this Worship was an humane invention of Davids, not a Divine Institution. Too bold an affertion, and very reflexive u­pon so holy a Prophet as w [...]a our Roy­all Psalmist.

QUEST. Whether organicall Musick may bee vsed in the Gospel­Church?But if any ask, whether it be law­full to mak use of organical Musick in [Page 16] Justin Mar. quest 107. a­fter he had moved this question; cur cantu e­tiānum uta­tur Ecclesiae Christiana [...]. he an­swers, [...], &c. Hoc est, In­terprete IOANNE LANGIO, simplici­ter canere insipientibus non convenit; sed instrumentis inanimatis et crotalis cum saltatione canere; quo circa in Ecclesiis non us [...] carminum, [...], per ejus generis instrumenta & alia insi­pientibus congruentia receptu [...] est. Sed simplex Cantio in iis manet▪ [...].the Worship of God now under the Gospell? ITS long agoe an­swered by an Ancient Author in these questions ad Orthodoxos, which ar attributed to Iustin Martyr. QUAEST. 107. where he saies, That the Ancient Christian Church abandoned that Pedagogicall custome: as rather beseeming Children and the infant-state of the Church: then the Church under the Gospel, & retained onely vocall singing. Which saies HOSPINIAN. ibid, was doubtles done by these Worthies, according to the paterne of the Apo­stolick Church. Chrysost, on Psal. 150. [...]. &c. CHRYSOST, on psal. 150. saies, That this Instrumental Mu­sick was permitted to the Iews, [...], because of their weaknesse. And makes onely this Mo­rall improvment thereof for us under the Gospel: As (said he,) The Iews prai­sed God with all Instruments of Musick: so Christians are cōmanded to praise with all the members of their bodies, with eyes, eares tongue, hands &c. The like Morall application is made there­of by his disciple Isidor. Peleus. lib. 1. Epist. 457. and lib. 2. Epist. 176. Hee puts the Jewish instrumentall musick by harp and psaltery in the same rank with their sacrifices; which al acknowledge to have been typicall. His words Isidor. Peleus. lib. 2. Epistl. 176. [...]. as tendered by BILLIUS in latine, are those; Quum (saies he) Divinū Nu­men victimas & cruores ob puerilitatem in qua tum homines versabantar tolera­rit; Quid miraris quod eam quo (que) qua per Cytharam & Psalterium celebratur musicam tolerarit? The meaning is, Seing the Lord permitted to the Jews their bloudy sacrifices be­cause of the infancy of the Church-state in those dayes; Why shouldest thou wonder that he permitted to them also the use of Instrumentall Musick by harp and psaltery? August. is very frequent in drawing that Jewish custome to anagogicall allu­sions, in his Enarrations on the Psalmes; particularly on Psalme [Page 17] 57. and 68. which to him are 56. and 67. Yea the Papists great Annalist Casar Barronius ad annum Christi, 60. pag. 666. a. 37. is constrained to acknowledge, partly because of that forecited testimony of Justin Martyr, partly because of another, which he cites out of Augustine, on Psal. 32. to us psal. 33. That Orga­nicall Musick had no place in the Church either in Justin Martyr or Augustin's dayes. I like well Barronius own phrase, ab ecclesie modulatione fuisse proscriptam; That this Instrumentall Musick was banished out of the Church religious Melodie. The testimo­ny of Augustine cited by Barronius is this. Nonne id egit instituti [...] in nomine Christi vigiliarum istarum, ut ex isto loco cytharae pelleren­tur? But Augustine hath as expresse a testimony a little after, which I thought good to adde; Nemo (saies he) se convertat ad ergana theatrica, quod ei jubetur in se habet, sicut alibi dicitur. In me Deus vota tua, quae reddam, laudationes tibi. That is, Let no man be­take himself to theatricall organs, thou hast within thy self, O man, what God requires of thee, according to that which is els­where said, Thy v [...]wes are upon me O God, I will re [...]der praises [...]nt [...] thee, psal. 56. 12. But what need I more? seing Bellarm. lib. 1. de honis operibus, cap. 17. Confesses; That Organicall Musick got first entrie into the Christian Church onely in the dayes of Pope Vi­talian, ann. Christi, 660. according to Platina: or, saies hee, if wee will credit Almoynus, lib. 4. de gestis Francorum, not untill the days of Lodovicus Pius 820 years after our Lords Incarnation. Nota secun­do (says Ca­jetā in 2. 2. q 91. in art. 1. et 2.) quod tempore D. Thoma eccle [...]a non ute­batur orga­nis. And, which is yet more, Aquinas in secunda se [...]undae quast. 91. art. 2. spareth not to say; That the Christian Church mak [...]t [...] not use of Psalters, harps or such like instruments in praising the Lord, lest she should seem to Judaize. And Cajetan commenting on that place of Thomas observes, That the Church did not use Organi­call Musick in the dayes of Aquinas. That doctrine of Aqui­nas, and Cajetan's observe thereupon netles exceedingly the la­ter and more superstitious schoolmen. But the more sober sort of papists themselves: as Erasmus, Caj [...]tan, Lindanus and o­thers, have lamented the prophanation of the worship of God, by their Organicall & Theatricall Musick, as serving more to ticklevidi ego (sait es Hosp. U. S.) aliquoties magna cum admiratiōe, plurim [...]s e [...]emplis exe­untes, quam­primū dul­cis Organ [...] ­rum sonus cessasset: tā ­tam devotio­nem in ani­mis homini [...] ̄ concitarat. the senses with carnall delight, then to edifie the soul: In so much that Suarez. the Jesuite, a violent defender of this superstition in his second tom. de virtute et s [...]atu religionis lib. 4. cap. 8. confesseth, That it is not used in the Popes Chappell, Quia non tam gravis ju­dicatur, because it savours not of such gravity. If it savour not [Page 18] gravity, why use they it in their Cathedral Churches? why is it at all permitted in the Worship of God, under the Gospell? I can commend no better paterne, to Christians under the Gospell, then the example of Christ and his Apostles, I find them singing Hymns and Psalmes Math. 26. 30. Acts 16. 25. and recommen­ding vocall praises to Christians. That place is remarkable and apposite to the work of the day, Eph. 5. 18. 19. Be not drunk with wyue wherein there is excesse (a head distempered with wine is more fit to sacrifice to Bacchus, then to praise the most High God) But be filled with the Spirit. (sure they have need of rich supplies and influences of the Spirit, who would be about this heavenly [...]. In­terpreters do varie in expounding these three words. But generally they agree, that by them the Apostle understandeth all manner of spirituall songs, whether Eucharistick, Didascalique, Prophe­tique, Threnetique, &c. see Gomar & Bodius on the place. and Angelicall duty of praise) Then he addeth, Speaking to your selves in Psalmes and Hymns and spirituall songs, singing and making melody in your hearts to the Lord. A parallel exhortation to this, Col. 3. 16. Neither is that unlike, Jam. 5. 13. Is any man afflicted among you, let him pray. Is any man merry let him sing songs. But no where doeth Christ or his Apo­stles, in the Gospell, commend Organi­call Musick. Ancient Christians, aboun­ded in vocall praises, as witnesseth Ter­tull. Apologet. cap. 2. & 39. Hierom. in his epist. 4. to Rusticus, In epist. 17. to Hierom. in Epist. 17. under the names of Paula and Eustochium to Marcella; In Christi villula tota rusticitas, et extra Psalmos silentium est, quocun (que) te verte­ris arator stivam teneus Allelujah decan­t [...]. Suda [...]s messor psalmis so avocat. et curva attendens vitem faloe vinitor, aliquid Davidicum canit. Heo sunt in hac Provincia carmina: he ut vulgo di­citur amatori [...] cantiones: hic pastorum sibilus. Much singing here, but no word of Organ, Harp or Psaltery. Marcella. August. in his Confessions, lib. 9. cap. 6. et 7. lib. 10. cap. 33. When Plinse the Second, was giving an ac­count to the Emperour Trajan of the ex­ercises of Christians, he tells, they had Ante-lucanos coetus, ad canendum Christo et Dee: They did meet betymes in the morning, preventing the rising of the Sun, to sing praises to the Lord and to his Christ. But no where find we them making use of Organicall Musick in the Church and Worship of God.

See Hospi­nian. U. S. Para' in I. Cor. 14. 7. Gualier I. cor. 14. 7. 8.From all this, it appears, That our soundest Divines have traced the footsteps of Christ, his Apostles and of pure Antiquity, in dis­allowing Organicall Musick in the publick Worship of God, as ap­pertaining to the old Leviticall pedagogie.

But to close the point, The best Instrument wherewith any [Page 19] 8. Zepper de polit. Eccles. lib. 1. cap. 13. Mollerus praefat. ad comment.. in psalmos. Mus­culꝰ epist. dedicat. ante com­ment. in psalmos. Rivet. in E­xod. c. 15. v. 21. Bodi [...] in Eph­ cap. 5. vers. 18. 19. &. c. 6. 18. Douglasius tract. de Psalmodia, part. 1. cap. 10. Beside many more both British & forreign Divines.can praise the Lord, is a beleeving and spirit [...] ­ally inlarged heart, Making Melodie in your heart, Eph. 5. 18. Singing, with grace in your hearts to the Lord, Col. 3. 16.Non vox sed votū ▪ non chordula musica sedcor: Non clamans sed amans, cantat in aure Dei. Hade this been wanting; all the Musick which David made with Harp and Psalterie, had not found ac­ceptance. I remember, Augustine in his Con­fessions, makes mention of very lively impres­sions, which he found on his spirit, in this pre­cious Ordinance of praising, in the Church. Quantum fleui (sayes he lib. 9. Confess. cap. 6▪) in hymnis et cant [...]cis tuis. suavè sonantis Ec­clesiae tuae vocibus, commotus acr [...] ­ter? voces illae, influebant auribus meis, et eliquabatur veritas tua in cor meum, et ex ea astuabat af­fectus AUGUST. lib. 10. Confess. cap. 33. Quum mihi accidit ut me amplius cantꝰ quā res quae canitur moveat, poenaliter me pe [...]are confiteor. pietatis, currebant lachry­mae; et bene mihi erat cum iis. Which I English thus, how did I weepe at the hymns and songs, at the sweet melodious voyces of thy Church? These voyces, did influence my ears; and thy truth was melted and dissolved into my heart: thereupon holy affe­ctions did boyle within me, & tears did run downe, O how well was it with me then? The experience of this melting of heart, which he had found in this divine Ordinance at his first Conver­sion, kept him afterwards upon his feet, when he was under a temptation, to have altogether dissallowed vocall praises; hence▪ lib. 10. Confess. cap. 33. Cum (saies he) reminiscor lachrimas meas, quas fudi ad cantus Ecclesiae tu [...] in primerdus recuperationis meae, magnam instituts hujus vtilitatem agnosco. That is, When I call to minde the tears which I shed at the Praises of thy Church, about the time of my first recovery to the faith, I am made to acknow­ledge the exceeding advantage of this Ordinance. May not this reprove our spiritlesse, liflesse and formall way in setting about this heavenly dutie of praising? Ah have we not oftentimes vocem in Choro & mentem in foro? Our voice in the duty, when our hearts are abroad, after a thousand vanities. But I must restrain my self; I am affrayed I have been to large on this fourth word, I will praise thee with the Psalterie, unte thee will I sing with the harp.


I come therefore to the fifth and last word, namely the Com­pellation, which the Psalmist giveth to God: O Thou HOLY ONE of Israell, &c. Where, what ever had been his afflictions ei­ther by Saull before his settlment in the kingdom, or afterwards by Abselom, yet he vindicats the Lord and his holinesse; O Thou HOLY ONE of Israell, As if he had said, What ever have been my sufferings & how wickedly soever men have carryed, yet Thou O Lord art HOLY in all thy wayes, and righteous in all thy judgements. ITS the Lords peculiar Title, to bee called either absolutly The HOLY ONE, or with addition, as in my text, Israels HOLY ONE. He is holy 1. essentially; Holinesse is but a superve­nient quality in Men and Angels, but holinesse is the Essence of God, every divine attribute is his Essence. He is 2. holy causally, All holinesse in the creature springs from him as the Fountain. He is 3. holy exemplarlie, He is the Paterne and Rule of all true holinesse, Be ye holy, as I am holy I. Pet. 1. 16. He is 4. holy obje­ctively, Hee ought to bee served in holinesse. He is 5. holy emi­mentlie, Exod. 15. 11. He is glorious in holines. Hee is so holy, that he cannot look on sin, except with an vindictive eye, Hab. 1. 13. Sin never got a good look from God, nor ever shall: fitly ther­fore is he called, The HOLY ONE, & Israels HOLY ONE, be­cause he sanctified all Israell, even the whol Nation federally, to be a Church to himself: therfore, Exod. 19. 6. they are called an Holy Nation, and among them he had many Jewels, Choise Ones, internally, inherently, and savingly sa [...]ctified; Among whom, David was an eminent one: well therefore was he styled by Da­vid, The HOLY ONE of Israell.

Doct. from 3. branch. I have runne through the words of this verse in an explicatory way, Time will not permit me to insist on the particulars, take therefore this generall doctrine from the wholl. It is not only law­full, but also dutie, whou the Lord bestows signall mercies, on a person, or nation, to abound in praises to him. The Holy ONE of Israel, should inhabite Israels praises. If David, upon the foresight of a hoped for Deliverance, engaged so solemnly to blesse the Name of the Lord, how much more is it duty to praise him, when the Deliverance is already wrought. Wee have many precedents of the people of God in this: of Moses and Miriam, Exod. 15. ofPraysing the duty of the day. Deborah and Barak, Iudg. 5. of Anna I. Sam. 2. and many others. Surely these Lands have as much matter to blesse the Lord, as ever a people; if we had hearts to be about the duty aright, Af­ter [Page 21] that Athaliah, 2. King. 11. had cut off the Royall seed, and u­surped the Crowne of Judah, for the space of seven years, one onely young child, upon the breasts of the Nurse, having tho­row the mercy of God, escaped the fury of that Bloodie Usurper: When at length, by the means of Jehojada the High Priest, Joas is Crowned, and the usurpng Queen, received the deserved stroak of justice, its said, v. 14. The whole Land rejoyced and Blew with Trumpets. How much more have these Lands cause to rejoyce in the Lord? who after such a barbarous and unparalleled Regi­cide, after such a labyrinth and maze of confusions, which with­in these few dayes, to humane reason appeared inextricable: who, I say, after all this, is settling the government of the Na­tions, upon the ancient foundations: and hath reduced our Na­tive and Gracious SOVERAIGN to sit upon the Throne of his ANCESTORS IT is promised as a great mercy, Jer. 30. 21. Their Nobles shall be of thēselves, & their Governours shall proceed from the midst of them. ITS a mercy, to have a native Prince, to rule over a people, and not strangers. They have not naturall affiction, who do not with it and rejoyce in it. Were not the fundamentals of Christianity strucken at, in time of these late Confusions; and a standing Ministry together with Gospel Ordinances like to be overturned? And is it not a mercy, so to have the Civill Govern­ment settled, as all interests, both sacred and civill, may be secu­red? Who then can deny, but there is matter of rejoycing in the Lord? if we had hearts, to do it Christianly. But we have cause to be jealous of our owne hearts, lest the Lord be provoked, by our carnall deportment on such a day. Its my earnest exhortation to you, in the name of the LORD, (I have also warrant, to speak it, in Our SOVERAIGNS name, from his MAJESTIES Late Declaration,) that ye neither offend GOD, nor dishonour your SOVERAIGN, by debauching your selves to day. Dear People, be afraid to draw on wrath to day, on the Lands, or on your SOVERAIGN, there is such a near relation betwixt Prince and People: that the one smarts often for the others sin. As the Apostle sayes Eph. 4. 26. Be angry, but sin not: So I today. Rejoyce, but sin not. Let forth your hearts, as much in rejoycing as you can, providing, yee guard against sin: As there is no small difficultie, so to be angry, as not to go beyond bounds; so I beleeve, it hath its owne difficultie, to get the heart rightly ordered in such dayes of rejoycing; that we be not carn [...]ll, but holy & spirituall, in the [Page 22] performance of the duty. Wherefore, That your hearts may be the better ballasted in Praising & Rejoycing, I desire you to joyne with it, that other necessary duty of Praying.

Reasōs why earnest pray er should be joyned with our praises.There be many Considerations to move us, to be much in hol­ding up the condition of our Gracious SOVERAIGN before the Lord by prayer. This is 1. A duty laid upon all subjects by the Apostle I. Tim. 2. 1. 2. I exhort, that Supplications, Prayers Intercessions and Giving of Thanks; be made for all men, and par­ticularly, for Kings & for all that are in authority. Ancient Chri­stians were much in this duty, even under Heathen Princes, as wi [...]nesseth Tertull. Apol cap. 39 Oramus pro Imperatoribus, pro Ministris corum & potestatibus, pro statu saeculi, pro rerum quiet [...], pro mora finis. On this lait clause, pro mora finis: Tertull. him­self cōmenteth, cap 32. (as is well observed by Pameliu [...]) Dum saieth TERTULL. clausulam saeculs precam [...]r differri, Romanae diuturnitati favemus. Were they so eatnest, for the continuance of the Roman Empyre, how much more ought we to plead with God for the perpetuity of the Brittish Empyre in his MAJES­TIES Royall line. 2. A spirit of Government, is a speciall blessing from God; Therefore we ought to be much in praying for it. SOLOMON was a very hopfull Prince, to whom many Pro­mises w [...]re entailed; Yet O so earnest as DAVID is in prayer, for a spirit of Government to him, Psal 72. 1. Give the King thy judgements O God, and thy righteousnesse to the Kings son. 3. No men are compassed with greater temptations, then Princes and Great Ones▪ And therefore, They have the more neede of Re­membrancers before the Thron of God. 4. Who can be such In­struments of publick good, as zealous & godly Princes? And therefore wee ought to be much in prayer for them. And the rather 5. Seing the Kings heart is in the hand of the Lord, as the ri­vers of water, Hee turneth it whethersoever hee will, prov. 21. 1. A beleeving Supplicant can have more influence on the heart of a Prince, though many hundreth myles from Cour [...], then Courtiers, who are daylie admitted to his Presence. When that wicked Haman was suggesting bad counsell to that great King Asuerus, against the people of God; Mordeeai's prayers defea­ted all Haman's contrivments: they influenced Ahasuerus more then Haman's Court-sollicitations. Beleeving supplicants have power with God, Isai. 45. 11. Ask of me of things concerning my sons, & concerning the works of my hands, command ye me, Blessed be [Page 23] God, he who heares Prayer, hath hearts of Princes, in his hand.

6. O what an unvaluable mercy is it, when Prince and Peo­ple, concurre harmoniously, each in there own sphere, to main­taine and promove the publick interests of Iesus Christ in the Nations? O how sweet is it, when a Prince rules not only over the bodies, but also in the hearts of subjects? Divines observeRob. Abbo [...] lib. de suprema pote­state Regia Praelect. 3. §. 2. Animae vocabulo requirere vi­detur Apos [...]olus, ut non corporie tantuns obsequium, sed animae que (que) voluntatem et affectum Principibus accommodemus. upon that word, Rom. 13. 1. Let every soul be subject to the higher powers: that subjects obedience to their Prince, should be affe­ctionat and cordiall, from the Heart and Soule. Ought we not then be much at the Throne of grace; That the Lord would blesse Britaine & Ireland with these rich mercies, & that thoughts of disloyaltie may be had in everlasting abhor­rency by all his Majesties subjects. Lastlie, Hath not the Lord been pleading a very bitter and long Controversie, with these Lands, & that in the view of the Nations round about? have we not then cause, to plead with MOSES, Psal. 90. [...] 15. 16. 17. That the LORD, would make us glad according to the dayes wherein he hath afflicted us, and the years, wherein wee have seen evill. That the Lord, would make his WORK, appeare unto his Servants: & his GLORY, unto their children, that the BEAUTIE, OF THE LORD OUR GOD, may be upon us. & that as Isaiah Prophecieth, cap. 60. 18. Violence may no more be heard in our Land, nor wasting or destruction within our borders, but our walls may be called SALVATION, & our gates PRAISE. For these things the Lord will bee enquired by us, to do them for us. Ezekiel, 36. 37. O that a spirit of Prayer & Praise wer poured out on hearts to day▪ Onely let me againe obtest you in the Name of the Lord Jesus, to beware of ranting, debauching and of what ever may indispose you to these two great duties of the day, Prayer & Praise.

I close all with that word of Benajah, concerning King SOLO­MON, A Gratula­tory Conclu­sion. I. King. 1. 36. 37. After that Ado [...]ijah had taken the Throne by usurpation. Bathsheba and Nathan came unto David, who lay a dying, regrating the matter; Whereupon David commanded Nathan & Zadok to anoint King SOLOMON: for said he, Solomō shall sit on my throne: him have I appointed to be R [...]ler over Israel and Iudah. Then said Benajah the son of Iehojada, Amen. The Lord God of My Lord the King say s [...] too. As the Lord hath been with my Lord the King, so be he with SOLOMON; & make his Throne greater then the Throne of my Lord King David. So say I. As the Lord [Page 24] was with King David, so bee hee with our Gracious SOVE­RAIGN. The Lord make the Throne of KING CHARLES THE SECOND, greater then the Throne of either Da­vid or Solomon: greater then ever was the Throne of King CHARLES the I. or King JAMES the VI. then ever was the Throne of any Scotish, English, or British king. Let him be CA­ROLO MAGNO major, greater thē CHARLES the great. Now to Him who is able to do aboundantly above all that we can think, To the King Eternall, Immortall, Invisible, the onely Wise GOD, be honour and glory for ever and ever, Amen.

Grata DEO ac REGI, nulli (que) libentius unquam Responsura sono, Britonum Gens accinat Amen. Et Reboaturis geminetur vocibus AMEN.
T. G. V. S.

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