A IOVRNALL OF The most Memorable Passa­ges in IRELAND.

Especially that Victorious Battell at Munster, beginning the 2 [...]. of August 1642. and continued.

Wherein is related the Siege of Ardmore Castle; Together with a true and perfect Description of the famous Battell of Liscarroll.

Written by a worthy Gentleman, who was pre­sent at both these Services.

LONDON, Printed for T. S. October 19. 1642.

A Iournall of the most memorable Passages in Ireland, especially that victorious battell at Munster, beginning the 26 of August, 1642. and continued.

AFter the Irish had gathered together the grea­test part of their Forces about Killmallocke, with intention to passe the Mountaines into the County of Corke, and found they should receive opposition by our Army, which was drawne up to Duneraile and Mallo, with reso­lution to encounter them, if they once descen­ded into the Plaines, they againe retreated towards Limmericke, and we about the 20. of August, Disbanded and went to our severall Garrisons, both with like intentions of gathering the Harvest of the Countrey. Sir John Paulets, and Sir William Ogles Regiments went to Corke, and Kingsale, the old Regiment was Gar­rison'd about Duneraile, part of Sir Charles Vavasors, lay at Malle, the rest that went to Youghall were commanded to obey the Lords Dungarvan, and Broghils, who having procured a Culverine to be sent along with them, resolved, as soone as our men were re­freshed after their March, to take in the Castle of Ardmore. The Fort is of its owne nature, strong and defensible, it was well man­ned with 100. able Souldiers besides the people of the Countrey, it had munition sufficient, so we expected not to gaine it, but after a long Siege. Notwithstanding it being a place of good conse­quence affording the Enemy meanes of getting the Harvest on that side in security, and blocking us up in Piltowne and Youghall, so that a man durst not appeare on the other part of the River, we resol­ved the taking of it, and upon Fryday, being the 26. of August, we marched from Lismore, towards the Castle. Our Forces were about 400. all Muskets, besides 60. Horse, part of the two Lords [Page 2]Troopes, by the way we summoned the Castle of Glogh Ballydonus which promised to yeeld and receive our Garrison, if Mr. Fitz­gerard of Dromany would permit; we were satisfied with the an­swer, Mr. Fitzgerard being yet our Friend; and the place being of no great importance, so that it was not thought convenient to lose time there, but Marched away and sate downe before Ardmore; The same day about three of the clocke in the afternoone we sum­mon [...]d it, but they not admitting of a Parley, we Quartered our selves about the Castle, expecting our Culverine which we sent downe by water; In the meane time our men possessed them­selves of some out-houses belonging to the Castle, whereby we with more security might play upon the Enemies Spikes, and they in the evening fired the rest. All the beginning of the night they played from the Castle very hotly upon us, but neverthelesse we ran up and tooke the Church from them, so that now we were within Pistoll shot of the Castle; this did much advantage us, for besides provision, whereof there was good quantity, the Church standing high beate into their Bawne, so that from hence they lost the use of it, and were forced to containe themselves within the Walls of the Castle. There was yet the Steeple of the Church, something dis-joyned from the body of it, yet remaining, which was well manned, Powder and Bullets they had sufficient, but wanted Guns, there being no more then two Muskets onely a­mong forty men, the Church cut off all hope of supplies from them; so that we were confident to have it surrendred either for want of provision or Ammunition. Thus we spent that night; next morning there appeared about 100. Horse, and 300. Foote of the Enemy, and it was generally beleeved there was a more consi­derable number following; we received the Alarme with joy and courage, and leaving onely sufficient to continue the Siege, drew forth the rest of our men, resolving to encounter them; but as our men advanced, they retreated towards Dungarvan, our Horse could not follow by reason of a Glinne betwixt us and them, and our Foot would have beene too slow to overtake theirs. We returned therefore to our Quarters, where we received intelligence from M [...]llo, that all the Enemies Forces were againe drawne into a Bo­dy, and upon their march towards Duneraile; whereupon we were commanded to be at an houres warning: this troubled us, onely because we feared we should raise the Sieges, and now more then [Page 3]ever we wished for our great Artillery, which came about noone to us; And such diligence we used, that before three of the clock we drew it up within halfe Musket shot of the Castle, and there planted it, though they played upon us all the way both from the Castle and Steeple, which we so carefully avoyded by wooll­packes we carryed before us, that there was not one man shot in that Service.

We placed our peece to ruine one of the Flankers first, but when it was ready to play, the Castle desired a Parley, wherein they asked Quarter for goods and life, but that being denyed, they were con­tent to submit themselves to the mercy of the Lords, who gave the Women and Children their cloathes, lives, and liberty to depart, the men we kept prisoners.

All this while the Steeple held out, nor would they yeeld untill they had conferred with their Captaine, after which they submit­ted to mercy.

In the Castle were found 114. able men, besides 183. Women and Children, 22. pound of Powder, and Bullets answerable: in the Steeple were onely 40. men, who had about 12 pound of pow­der, and shot enough. The next day we hanged 117. The English Prisoners we freed, the rest we kept for exchange of such of ours as were with the Enemy.

Thus was this Castle delivered unto us after one dayes Siege on­ly, wherein we lost not a man: The next day we left a Guard of 40. men in the Castle, and marched away to our severall Garrisons, expecting further command from our Generall, which we recei­ved upon Wednesday, being the last of August.

Upon Thursday, the first of September, we Marched to Mallo, where we were advertised from Liscarroll, that the Castle was straitly besieged, and that it was impossible, without reliefe, they should hold it more then three dayes: the messenger was rewarded and dispatched with answer they should expect us within foure and twenty houres; and that night we mounted our Artillery, two Sakers, two Minions, two Falconets upon their Carri­ages: and on Friday, the second of September, we came about ele­ven in the forenoone to Bontinant, our Rendezvous, being a Village about foure miles distant from Mallo, and as farre from the enemy; where, in regard the greatest part of the Army had beene wearied with the former daies March, we encamped that night.

[Page 4]Here we were now with the Lord Inchequin our Generals for­ces, full 1700. foote, and sixe tropes, out of which forty comman­ded horse were sent with Captaine Bridges to view their forces, but they returned without any perfect discovery.

About two in the afternoone their Artillery beganne to play against the Castle, which continued till night; it was determined therefore by a Councell of Warre, that we should the next mor­ning shew our selves before the Castle, with resolution to adven­ture a battell rather then not to raise the siege, here they ordered that the Lord Inchequin should command the horse, Sir Charles Va­vasor the foote, and Mynne his Lieutenant Colonell, should be Ser­jeant Major Generall for that service.

But because the ground where the enemy stood was extremely disadvantageous, they determined a full troope should March a a good distance before our men, with orders, as the enemy advan­ced, to retreat; this we did to draw them from their Quarters, which we heard they had fortified.

Thus we spent the day, at night orders came we should refresh our selves with rest a while, and be ready to March the next mor­ning before day.

The Irish, (who have still quicke intelligence of all our actions) resolve to use all diligence to take in the Castle first, after which they thought to set upon us in our owne Quarters, promising themselves a victory, which would secure the whole Province to them; and indeed it was not to be doubted but Youghall, Corke, and Kingsale, in all which were not more then foure hundred Souldiers left, would have cut the throats of their Garrisons, and declared themselves for the Rebels, had it succeeded; herein for their mu­tuall encouragement, they bound themselves by oath, receiving the Sacrament upon it, not to quit the field without the vi­ctory.

The next morning about two houres before day, when we were in readinesse to March, we sent our forlorne hope before us, consisting of thirty commanded horse, led by Master Sturges a Gentleman of King sale: the whole Army marched about halfe a mile distance after them according to our resolution the night be­fore.

About break of day they discovered a troop of the enemies, which staied not the encounter, but fled to their maine body; wee conti­nued [Page 5]our March, and about halfe an houre after we came in sight of the Castle: the maine body of our horse was here commanded to make a stand on a hill side a good English mile distant from it, the Lords, Inchequin, Dungarvan, Kinalmeaky, and Brogbill, Master Francis Boyle, Captaine Jepson, and Bridges went with the Lord Inchequins troope to our forlorne hope which stood upon a little rising ground in middle way betwixt us and the Castle of Liscar­roll, the whole Army of the Irish lay about a mile from them; which upon our first appearing was drawne out in perfect good order; and this was the first time we saw their whole strength, which was I beleeve about sixe thousand foote and three hundred horse.

The enemies horse beganne now to advance toward our for­lorne troopes, who being now a little nearer the Castle, were un­kindly saluted with a peale of shot from the place we came to re­lieve, whereby we first discovered we had lost the Castle.

Their horse which came on in good order, were all lin'd with Musqueteeres, so that our forlorne hope and the Lord Inchequins troope were commanded to retreat, which they performed with much bravery, by making frequent stands and facing about to ex­presse how little they feared them: the enemy plied them with continuall shot, and got ground of them, yet they kept a most perfect order in their retreat; the foure Lords Inchequin, Dundar­van, Kinalmeakie, and Broghil, marching still in the reare, and in this height of gallantry, fell the valiant Gentleman, the Lord Ki­nalmeakie, his horse was brought off by his brother Master Francis Boyle, as his body had beene, had any life at all remained in him, but that they were forced to leave a prey to the enemy, and retreat to us, who stood all this time on the side of the hill.

But this could not stop the current of their good fortune, for they still pursued, their Musqueteeres running before to bushes and ditches, from whence, with security they played upon us; their body of horse following to second their Musquets, and their whole Army ready to relieve their horse upon all engagements: the order the enemy here used was excellent, and certainely they had that day Commanders of greater judgement then valour, otherwise both we and the whole Province had suffered.

All our horse was now forced to retreat toward our foote, but so slowly that their grand Body of sixe thousand advanced faster [Page 6]then we went off; we retreated thus more then halfe a mile, till our foote came to us, out of which we drew sixty Musqueteers of Sir John Brownes company to beate off their Ambushes, they plaid hotly upon us at first, ours did the like; the Lord Inchequin standing by them on foote, giving directions till the Am­buscadoes fled, whereupon their whole Army retreated to the place where they first stood neare the Castle; in their retreat they lodged shot in divers places to play on us as we advanced, which were all beaten backe by Captaine Saint-Leger, Captaine Thornton, and Lieutenant Rowning, who were commanded upon that service.

And now both sides beganne to prepare for battell, resolving that place should decide all doubts betwixt them; they divided their foote into three bodies, each consisting of near two thousand men, the right Wing was placed upon the top of a little ri [...]ing ground neare a fortification they had made, which was well man­ned with store of shot, their left Wing stood neare the Castle within halfe Musquet shot of another worke wherein their Artil­lery was planted as a guard to it; betwixt these two a little behinde them stood their maine body, consisting most of pikes; thus were their foote ordered; the horse advanced all in one entire body, and made a stand neare their right Wing upon the brow of the hi [...]l.

Accordingly we divided our men into three parts, our battell which was composed of Pikes and Musquets, being about eight hundred, stood upon a little hill where our Artillery was planted almost opposite to their greatest body; our right wingled by Sir Charles Vavasor, wherein were about 600. all Musqueteers, stood ore against their left Wing, and just opposite to their right Wing we drew forth three hundred Musquets led by Captaine Cooper and Hutton Lieutenant to Serjeant Major Appl [...]yard: on the left hand of these we placed our horse to encounter theirs: thus were the two Armies ranged in Battalia, betweene which was a plaine flat valley interposed about twenty scoare in breadth.

You see upon what disadvantages we fought, they had advan­tage in number three to one, advantage in ground, besides two Forts and the Castle, to any of which, upon a dy faster, they might have retreated; the Sunne was for them too, onely God was for us, Et si Deus nobiscum (it was the word of one of the Co­lours [Page 7]we tooke) quis contra nos? In this posture we stood about halfe an houre, in which time they made foureteene shot at our horse, but without any execution, ours plai'd as fast upon them, and not with much better successe, for onely one shot hit which slew five of them; our greater shot effecting so little, we resolved to charge them with our lesse, and our horse was appointed to give the first onset; the Lord Inchequin to charge the left hand seconded by Captaine Jepsons troope, and Captaine Bridges, who had the Reare. The right hand the Lord Dungarvan was appointed to charge, seconded by his brother the Lord Broghill, and Oxenbridge Lieutenant to the Lord Barrimore brought up the Reare; betweene the two Armies (as was before expressed) was a little meadow in­terposed about twenty score in breadth, at the upper end of which, neare the place where our horse must necessarily passe to the charge, stood their Huts well lined with Musqueteeres, which wee ima­gined (knowing they used not to lose any advantage) and sent downe sixty of the three hundred to cleare that passage, they dis­charged hotly one upon another at first, but in fine they left their Huts, and sought security behinde their Army. Lieutenant Ox­enbridge was sent to pursue them, wherin he so far engaged his men, that had not all the troopes come to his reliefe, hee had beene cut off, the enemies whole troopes comming downe upon him. But when they saw us advance, they made a stand, and so received the charge: the Lord Inchequins troope had the Van, he himselfe performed it bravely and resolutely, but his troope (by what mis­fortune I know not) retreated, and in it disordered the Lord Dung revans, and the Lord Broghils, and all the troopes that fol­lowed. The Lord Inchequin charged Oliver Stevenson a Captaine of their horse, slew him, brought off his horse with a rich saddle, and was himselfe in great danger, had he not beene relieved by Captaine Jepson and Bridges, in which service Jepson was slightly wounded in the hand, and his hat cut. The Lord Dungarvan charged another of their Captaines, shot him with a Pistoll and wounded him, but so neare they were, that before he could reco­ver his other shot, he gave him such a stroke with his sword, that certainly his Lordship owes his life to the goodnes of his Armor, without which, out of doubt he had been slaine, he was farre enga­ged and still accompanied by his brother the Lord Broghill who behaved himselfe very gallantly that day, and had beene taken, [Page 8]had the enemyes pursued, the advantage they had of our disorde­red retreate, but our 300 Muskets, who that day did gallant ser­vice, plyed them so fast with shot, that they gave both him and the rest time to get off to ralley their troopes, who were in such confusion, that it was absolutely impossible to order them so soone as the necessity of the service required; wee feared likewise lest our confused retreat should have discouraged our Foote; we resolved therefore to fall about onely, and to the charge againe, which was performed with courage, and good successe for the Re­bels seeing us resolute, they stayed only the discharging of their first shot, and fled.

Their Foot supposing they should be unable to resist the fury of both Horse and Foot, who all this time had found our three hun­dred Musquets an equall, (if not an overmatch for them) would have accompanyed their horse in their flight, could they have fol­lowed fast enough, but a great part of this body fell short; our Horse breaking in and doing much execution, one of their En­signes, and the first that I saw fall, was slaine by the Lord Broghill, who shot him and brought off his Colours. While we were thus imployed, Sir Charles Vavasour with his 600. fell bravely upon their left wing, which stood to guard their Ordinance; the fight there was sharpe while it lasted, divers fell on their fide, some of ours were wounded. Both their Artillery and small shot played thicke upon our men from the Fort, one of their Sakers they discharged at Sir Charles when he was within halfe Musket shot, but without doing execution. At length seeing our mens resolu­tion, and that they were already deserted by their owne, that their Artillery wherein they did much confide, did not that service was expected, they quitted the Fort and left Sir Charles the Artillery, which had beene unserviceable to them.

The third body, which stood firme all this time, (and well it might, for it was out of Gunshot) seeing the rest fly, turned their backes and hasted to their best Fort, a Bogge, which was about halfe a mile from them; We pursued, and indeed the execution was bloody and cruell, no man gave Quarter, nor was it fit, con­sidering their multitude. Our Horse was now beyond the furthest part of the Wood and Bogge where most of the Rebels lay, our [Page 9]Foot marched on in good order towards it, so that they were on all sides encompassed, and I beleeve they thought themselves it was impossible they should any of them escape, and indeed I am confident no considerable number had come off from that dayes service, had not my Lord Inchequin unfortunately mistaken our owne men for enemies, and caused us to retreat almost a mile, be­fore we discovered our errour, in which time they fled to another Bogge, where it was impossible to follow them, notwithstanding we pursued them two miles along the skirts of the Wood, but did no great execution.

Thus after a long and doubtfull fight, which continued full se­ven houres, we at last obtained a glorious Victory. These were not such as formerly we met, naked Rogues, but brave and gal­lant men, armed as well as our selves, nor did they want any thing but a good cause. Twice they made our Horse, whereon we most relyed, to retreate, once they disordered and almost routed us, and then God, as if he would manifest it was he alone in whom we ought to repose our trust, caused us in that disorder to van­quish those, from whom when we charged them in perfect order, we but newly had fled. There was slaine in this battell about 600. of the Rebels, on our side we lost but five beside the Lord Kinalmea­kie, about 30 were wounded, whereof divers dyed since, some of theirs were hurt, but the number is uncertaine.

We tooke from them three peeces of Artillery whereof one was a brasse Demi-canon, of almost 7800 weight, the fame of which had won more Castles then the valour of their whole Army, the other were Sakers, one Brasse, the other Iron; besides these we tooke two or three hundred Muskets, and so many Pikes they ser­ved us for firewood; Of powder we had th [...]ee Barrels, and about 200. Bullets, all which were sent with the Artillery to Corke.

Foureteene of their colours we carryed away with us, whereof five were taken by the Lord Broghils troope, besides that he tooke himselfe: The prisoners were few, because the execution was so bloody; notwithstanding some we have of good quality, as Co­lonell Butler, whose valour was heretofore recommended by his Majesty to the King of Poland, and indeed this day he shewed much gallantnesse, being the last man that stood of their whole Army; besides him we tooke Captaine Butler, Thomas Burgale, and their Commissary Generall.

[Page 10]In the Waggons, whereof thirty were taken, we found store of pillage, and some of good value: there were present at this fight al­most all the Lords of Munster, viz. the Lord Bache, Lord Muskry, Lord Ikerine, Lord Dunboine Bureh, Lord Britas Bureh, Lord Caster­onnell Buller, Brother to the Lord Ormond, Sergeant major Furcell, Sergeant major Henesy.

Thus you have the Relation of that Memorable Battell was fought at Lisearroll on Saturday the third of September, where, next God, nothing did contribute more to our Victory, then the ne­cessity we had of sighting; advantages they had of us every way, only we were Virtute pares, & necessitate superiores.

FINIS.

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