ANTI BAAL-BERITH: OR The binding of the Covenant and all Covenanters to their good Behaviours.

BY A Just Vindication of Dr. Gaudens Analysis (that is, his re­solving of the Covenant to Law and Justice, to Duty and Conscience, to Reason and Religion: Or his dissolving it) against the Cacotomy of a nameless and shameless Libeller the worthy Hypo­raspistes of Dr. Burges.

Also against the pittyful Cavils and Objections of Mr. Zach. Grafton, A rigid Presbyter.

With an Answer to that Monstrous Paradox, of No Sacriledge no Sin, to alie­nate Church Lands, without and against all Laws of God and Man.

Written by the Author of the Analysis.

[a round engraving of a dog and a wild boar beneath the moon and stars]

Eccles. 7.16. Be not righteous overmuch.

Phil. 4.8. Whatsoever things are true, honest, just, pure, lovely, of good report, if any vertue and praise, think on these things.

Votum non obligat nisi ad licita;
Nec astringitur concientia, ubi violatur obedientia,

LONDON, Printed by John Best, for Andrew Crook at the Green Dragon in St. Pauls Church-yard. 1661.


HAving had the honor and happiness, after the example of the great Atha­nasius, the industrious S. Austin, and our own learned Archbishop Whitguift, and Mr. R. Hooker, in our former dark and dismal times, to en [...]ounter with some success the enemies of this Church, of the King and Kingdom, in those popular and presump­tuous waies, wherein they most pleased them­selves: And having lived to see that the joy of Hypocrites, the prosperity of the Wicked, and the triumph of Violent men is but short; I further applied my self, since the most happy restaura­tion [Page] of our most welcome Soveraign and in [...]im, of all things sacred and civil, to advance the publiq [...] p [...]ice in those precedent just and moderate way [...], wherein I saw the Remora's of our happy union did [...] most continue. Among which, that of the Covenant seemed one of the greatest and most popular: not as to [...]ose things in it, which are consonant to its general expressions of Loyalt [...], Religion, and Reformation, of limiting all mens endeavours and actions to their place, duty and ca [...]ing agreeable to the Word of God, to the Laws of the Land, and to the power of godliness; To which all good men will readily a­gree:

But the scruple and scandal lies in that one captious particular of it, which concerns the Gov [...]rnment of the Church in the way of Episco­pacy, as it stands established by our Laws, and conform to the Catholick custom of this and all primitive, ancient Churches, which cannot be presumptuously and wilfully abolished by any one Church, or any Faction and party in that Church without the sin of Schism; nor can it just­ly be oppressed, while that Government one­ly is under the appointment and protection of the Laws, and confirmed by the Oath and Con­science of the King, as Supreme Magistrate: [Page] Nor can it be done charitably, while the abo­lition of Episcopacie must be made the inju­ry and utter undoing o [...] so many learned, godly, and innocent Bishops, with other reverend Mi­nisters: Nor can it be done prudently, while the extirpation of Episcopacy, and introducing of an Headless Presbyterie, was, and is evidently to the overthrowing of all due Authority, Or [...]er, Government, Polity, Ʋnity and Peace in this Church and State: Lastly, nor could not be done honestly & decently, because so much to the reproach of this Church & Nation; of our religion as Christian and Reformed, which hereby are ex­posed by the factious humors, and violent no­velties of some men, to the highest and most odious Deformities of Schism, Rebellion, Per­jury, Sacriledge, Inordination and Confu­sion.

To avoid all which mischiefs so grassant and incumbent on this Church and Kingdom, and still fomented by some peevish men, none of the most learned, ingenious or influential; for the learned and sober Presbyters do now all in Church and State (unite in a just Episcopacy, under a just Monarchy:) but the others are still stickling against both, under pretext of their once covenanting, as they fancy, against the horns [Page] and hoofs, root and branch of all Bishops and Episcopal Authoritie.

Hence I thought it my duty freely to state the oblig [...]tion of that Covenant, which some men so urge and idolize, not as to any thing in it which is holy, sacred, [...]ust, honest, or legally neces­sary (to which all men are tied by moral obli­gations, much ancien [...]er then this of the Co­venant) but meerly as to the parts of Episco­pacy and Presbyterie, as distinct modes of Govern­ment in the Church.

Against the first, and for the second, some men fancie themselves (yea, and the whole Nation) so strictly engaged by this Covenant, that they may not in any kinde conform to Episcopal Presidencie and Authoritie, though commend­ed to them by Scriptural precedents, by Apostoli­cal prudence, by Ca [...]holick customs, by universal consent and approbation of all the learned and godly men, ancient a [...]d modern in this and all Churches, beside the long possession it hath had in our Laws of England; as having in it nothing evil, either against the Word of God, or the rules of right Reason, or Precepts of good Order and Politie, but most consonant to them all, and so no way to be covenanted a­gainst as evil and unlawful.

For the second (of headless Presbyterie) they are tooth and nail most pertinacious, and pretendedly conscientious, though not com­manded of God any where, never used in the ancient Churches or this, a meer novelty as to the Church of England, against our Laws, and the very genius of the Nation, commonly be­gun by violence, and at best excusable onely by necessitie: Commonly attended with many seditio [...]s injuries, indignities and rapines in Church and State; and so no way apt to be absolutely co­venanted for, as having nothing in it piously, morally or politically good and necessary.

Yea further, Presbyterie, as an enemie to Episcopacy, is as much covenanted against under t [...]e name of Schism and Superstition, as any thing can be, and as justly; since there is nothing more evident then this, That Presbyterie apo­statizing from, and destructive to Episcopacy, i [...], as to the custom of the Catholick Church of Christ, and as to this Church of England, a most noto­rious Novelty, and riotous Schism in an Ecclesi­astical sense: And as to our Law [...], or National Con­stitutions (from Magna Charta to this day, which are all for Episcopacy) it is a Civil Schism, & ille­gal Faction, as full of superstition as sedition; as un­righteous as unruly begotten by faction, maintain­ed [Page] by force, nourished by blood and rapine, at last self-shaming and destroying, no less then con­founding all things civil and sacred.

Which is no false or odious reflection, but a true and [...]ust representation of what our late mise­ries have printed on our faces, heads, backs, sides, hands and feet, as remarkably as the thorns, and whips, and nails, and spear did their wounds and marks on the sacred Body of our blessed Redeem­er, when he was crucified with a scornful and wanton cruelty.

So that nothing in the World can appear more full of pride, partiality, presumption and pertinacie, then for men once befooled with the popular, yet illegal and in practicable no­veltie of Presbyterie, to fancy themselves to be bound by any sacred Covenant, either to pur­sue such a dangerous, unlawful and destructive a toy, or to oppose so Apostolick, anciens, prudent, venerable and experienced a good as is in Episco­pal order and Authority, rightly constituted, and wisely managed, according to our good Laws, and the examples of excellent Bishops in all ages of the Church.

Hence I concluded, that no Covenant, Vow or Oath could in truth, judgement or righteousness be taken, either absolutely against the first, as [Page] it is good; or for the second, as it is evil. So that if the Covenant (as to that clause against Pre­lacy) were urged against Episcopacy, which is good by the law of God and man, or for Pres­byterie, which hath no Law for it, nor any ne­cessary good in it, it must needs be so far null and void, unless it be (as it ought in reason, justic [...] and conscience) regulated by such a sense and interpretation as is consonant to Scripture, Antiquity, Law, Loyalty and Equity: Whereby not only Episcopacie in its ancient, legal, pater­nal and presidential honor, rights and autho­rity; but Presbyterie in its subordinate [...]uncture and fraternal assistance, might be united and maintained.

No man is further, then I desire to be, from any profaning the sacred name of God, by breaking any lawful Oath, Vow, or Covenant▪ or bringing sin and shame upon any mens souls, much less on the Nation. Yea, I vehementlie assert what is for the matter of it, morally and religiously pro­fessed in the Covenant; from which obligations no man can be free or absolved, whether he took the Covenant or not: But I abhor the childish Imposturage of those, who under fair prefaces and pretences, in their covenanting way, seek to wrap up and carry on their unjust and sacrilegi­ous [Page] d [...]sign [...] & while they professed at first to the W [...]rl [...] [...] and [...]ad, that they only aimed in the Covenant at humble, l [...]wful, loyal and honest endeavours, to reform what seemed, or really was amiss in the constitution or adm [...]nistration of Church Government in England: From hence (as Power and Success tempted them) to ma [...]e a surprize upon King and Parliament, Church and State; and by the screwings, and in­sinuatings of Factious projects and practices, at last utterly to exclude all ancient, venerable and lawful Episcopacy, and to obtrude upon this so famous and flourishing Church and King­dom (without any counsel and consent of a Nati­onal Synod, or any Civil Sanction of King, Lords and Commons) the illegal and undigested novelty of Presbyterie, which sets up a p [...]tty Pope or Spiritual Prince in every Parish, and puts the grand Polity or Publique Government of the Church, into the power of those young, ra [...], rash and heady striplings, who are fitter by far to be governed, then to govern in thief any thing beyond their Passions and Lusts, their families and parishes, which in a due subordination to their Fathers, Elders and Superiors, the Bi­shops, they may commendablie manage, as honest Constables under Iustices. But in a [Page] Parity or Superiority, they would be as despe­rate drivers as Phacion or Iehu; their pride, pe­tulancy, juvenility, faction, and fury would soon set Church and State on fire, as the mutinous Souldiers do an Army, when they are all im­patient to be commanded, and as ambitious to command others, as unable to command them selves or others.

While I was thus soberlie promoting this just & Christian design, to which I presumed all men of uninteressed minds would chearfully concur, to curb the peremptoriness of Presbytery, and to relieve the oppressed state of Episcopacy, out comes first a notorious Libeller, the work of an impotent and incontinent Scribler, animated or inspired (as it seems) by Dr. Burges (the quon­dam lay-Bishop and Dean of Wells▪) where the Author being afraid to shew his face, or own his name, merits as little regard as his vile Anatomy, which is a confused Rapsody of Fallacy and Ma­lice, enraged from the jealousie and dread of losing the great adventure which that wretched person and D, B. seems to have in some sacrilegious and unlawful purchase of Bishops and Church lands.

After this comes another, as weak and wilful as the former, though not so rude or raving: But as amicable and civil as can be expected [Page] from a rigid Presbyterian, who resolves not to be quiet, till he and his party rule Church and State, Kings and Bishops, against all former cu­stoms▪ and pres [...]nt Laws of this Church and Kingdom. So great a Dictator there is in little Mr Grafton a person whom I know not, yet I have so much love and value for him, as I finde him a pretender to something Loyal, Logical and Religious, though no lover of Rhetorick or Bishops.

With what success he hath encountred the justice and loyalty, reason and religion to which I sought to reduce the Covenant, and to which it must either bend or break, while I opposed the fa [...]tions, irrational, injurious, sacrilegious, ir­religious and barbarous sense which he and others with the Libeller seek into affix to it, possessed by a Presbyterian untamed spirit, I leave to the Readers judgement and conscience.

Who, if an honest hearted Covenanter, hath libertie to keep what of it is lawful and just and is onely obliged not to practice what he could not desire or promise, covet or covenant with­out sin; that is, to do injurie to any honest man, much less to so many worthy men as the Bishops of England, and other dignified Cler­gie men were and are, and [...]least of all to the [Page] Kings of England, yea to the whole Church and Kingdom, to the Laws, and to God himself: to the prejudice of any of these, no Covenant may be taken or kept.

I deferred my Apologie awhile first, because I had not time sooner to attend it: Secondly, because I expected that others of the like bran and leaven would appear in the cause, and so I might take them altogether: though I finde no men of learning and ingenuitie, but are a­shamed to appear in such a cause, which so foul and notorious a Libeller had so polluted, as a meer Borborites: who savours so ranck of a sa­crilegious Apostate, that nothing is considerable that he can say or do like himself.

He seems to have some irons in the fire, with which his dear friend Dr. Burges is like to burn his fingers: These he would fain hammer on the anvil of the Covenant, that is, sacriledge, on what he calls sacred: But the h [...]t sparks fly too fast a­broad to do much good on it: He will finde sober Presbyterians, who are no Purchasers of Church Lands, & so no way concerned in his sad adventures, who do verie Loyally, Piously, Prudent­ly own, yea and profess to the Kings Majestie a quiescency under Episcopal Government, as no way inconsistent with the Covenant, in such a Le­gal, [Page] [...]ust, Pious and prudent sense, a [...] onely can make it materially la [...]ful and obliging.

The truth is, the Libeller is such a Cretian Beast, and so greedie of fi [...]thy Lucre, that 'tis pity Mr. Grafton should be cou [...]led with him: Therefore I have in most parts of my Reply, severed them as far as their Arguments or Sophistries differ. For this latter seems a corrigible Errant, the other an incorrigible Vagrant, who [...] the better world is onely obliged to thus far, that he did scare them with t [...]e addition of his dreadful Name: Nor need he any greater Temptor or Tormentor then his own evil manners, and ulcerated consci­ence which I pray God to heal and amend. For God forbid, whoever he be, that he should be out of my charity, w ile he is capable of Gods mercy.

To conclude, if I weary thee, O Reader, know I have first wearied my self: and have no other excuse but the petulant importunity of these two Antagonists, or Baal-beriths: The one of which is ambitious to have his will; the other covetous to preserve his and Dr. Burges unhappy purchase, which are both now lost gaines, unless all Eng­land lose again their Laws and Wits, and honour and Consciences, and Kings, and Religion, and all that is Civil or Sacred, just or honest, which God defend.

Nor shall I be wanting by Gods help, as I have leisure, to repress the flames of such Incendiaries, while a few drops of ink will cool their courage, and confute their fallacy, and make their folly so ma­nifest to all godly wise men, that they shall pro­ceed no further.

This is cert [...]in, I have none to fear but God and the King, who abhor to be flattered: and if any factious or sacrilegious spirits fancy that they are now so considerable as to be ei her feared or flattered by my speech or silence in re­spect of their Cavits and Objections, they wil much mistake their mark, as we [...]l as their party and inte­rest; which in good earnest, as far as it is Anti-episcopal, never depended upon any strength of Reason nor sincere Religion, nor hones [...]y and inge­nuity, but meerlie on Tumults and Armies, on popular arts, and factious fallacies, which are now God be thanked vanished, like the midnight shadows or morning dews when the Sun is risen. All wise and worthy men now see the best and bottom of Presbyte [...]ie, and the want & worth of Episcopacy: and after many sad essays of facti­ons, are resolved into the verity of faith, the sanctity of morals, the solemnity of Devotion, the authority of Ministery, the eminency of E­piscopacy, and the unity of this Church Nati­onal, [Page] which must be vindicated against all error, heresie, sc [...]ism, prophaneness, immorality, irreverence, disorder, faction, rigid Presbyterie, Pragmaticks, Independencie and all confusion. The Scene is now happily changed by Gods miraculous mer­cy: nor will any thing now take, unless the Factors for Novelty can finde new Actors, and new Visors, and new Armies for their designs. All the old palliatings and paintings are vanished: nor hath Presbyterie any thing by which to recommend it self to the English Nation, but penitent, hum­ble and loyal submission to the Laws, to the King, and to the Bishops, which are no more to be ex­tirpated by Presbyters, their Presbyters may be extirpated by Bishops: United, they are invinci­ble; divided, they will not be very considerable. A Paternal preheminency of the one, and a Fraternal subordination of the other, is the cen­ter and circumference of this Churches peace, and the great Confirmation of our Religion as Christian and Reformed,


ANTI BAAL BERITH: The binding of the Covenant and all Covenanters to their good behaviour. OR A just Vindication of Dr. Gauden's Analysis, against the Anatomist and the Analeptist, the Libeller, and Mr. Crafton.

WHen I first set forth my Analysis or Resolution of the Covenant (so far as it might any way seem reconcilable, and ought to have been consistent, as with Law and Justice, so with the Apostolick and Catholick Government, of this and all ancient, Churches, in the way of Episcopal order and authority (That is least Mr. Crafton should again mistake my meaning, the prefidency of one chief Presbyter or Bishop among many, and above all lesser Bishops or subordinate Presbyters in his Diocess, according to the ancient custom,Dr. Gaudens de [...]n in his Analysis. and Laws Ecclesiastical and civil) my aim was onely to absolve those soberer or simpler minded Covenanters from those superstitious and injurious snares, by which [Page 2] the artifice of some men (most what interessed in purchases of Crown and Church Lands) sought under the specious name of the Covenant, to captivate con­sciences to themselves, and oblige well-meaning men to everlasting antipathies against that most primi­tiv [...], prudent, and only legal goverment of Episco­pacy, meerly through popular mistakes, and sinister prejudices against it; (of which no Oath, Covenant or Vow taken in Judgement, Truth, and Righte­ousness can be guilty.) It was far from my thoughts by such sober and true, though to some men s [...]a [...]t expressions, as I then used in a matter of so great concern, to add any spark or fewel to those sad com­bustions in Church and State, which had so long ex­hausted the best blood and spirits of this Nation; And which were not thereby quenched until the soft dew [...] of heaven, and the liberal, but gentle showres of the Divine goodness, distilled upon this scorched Church and State, in miraculous mercies, no less unexpected then undeserved, by a foolish peo­ple, and sinful nation; in which too many people being guilty of Rebellions and Regicides, of sacri­legious and scandalous Apostacies, must needs be­hold our blessed change, with as much envy, terror and regret at our happiness, as they have little re­morse or shame for their former impietie, or present impenitency.

§. Mean while all religious hearts were greatly re­freshed, filled and overflowing with joy and thanks for those gracious and wonderful dispensations of God, not onely to the King and his Kingdoms, but to the distressed, despised, and almost destroyed Church of England; when they saw on the sudden the [Page 3] person and majesty of the King, so long banished and contemned by men of blood and sons of Belial, The late hap­py restaurati­o [...] of Eng [...]and. ubt passionately desired, honored and loved by all honest Subjects and good Christians, restored to his Kingdoms in peace; when they beheld the prince­ly branches of that royal stock and family replanted in their native soyl, the honor, fulness and freedom of Parliaments in Lords and Commons restored; the captive, and almost desolate Church of England; which Foxes and Bores had wasted in a way to be redeemed; the oppressed Bishops and other learned Churchmen, revived and in some sort repaired; the just rigor of the long-baffled Laws recovered; the black and bloody scandals of our Christian and re­formed Religion, begun to be removed; all things civil and sacred to put on a new face, and (as after squaller of the flood) to begin to flourish to the ex­ceeding joy of all true English spirits, that had any regard to their reformed Church, and true religion so long flourishing in it.

§. After this blessed change of beauty for ashes, of the wine of joy for the water of affliction, of order for confusion; of Monarchy and Episcopacy, for De­mocracy and Anarchy, for Presbytery and Independen­cy. Dr. Gauden thought it not amiss to endeavour, as occasion was given, with all meekness of wisdom in truth and charity, fairly to remove any thing which he saw either in the nature of the things, or in peoples misconceits, might any way hinder the happy progress, and constant growth of our com­mon peace and prosperity, both in C [...]urch and State; which as no presumptuous sins or insolent usurpati­ons of any men ought any longer to pervert; so nor [Page 4] ought any private passions, or personal prejudices, or illegal engagements, or groundless superstitions, or partial Vows and Covenants any way hinder or diminish; esp [...]ially upon any such account as hath no pr [...]ise command, or particular institution in the Word of God,The [...]. nor yet any foundation or injunction in the Laws and customs of this Church and Kingdom; to neither of which the Covenant could pretend, in any plea of publick duty, right and necessity; either as to its matter, method, manner or authority; Nor doth either the Malipart Anatomist, or the modester Anal [...]ptist prove any of them; by which to give the Covenant any precedent validity of Religion or Law, as enjoyned by God or the King, apart from which its subsequent pressure or bond upon the souls of the takers, cannot be further considerable, then its gene­ral matter was morally lawful, pious, just and chear­ful, unless they think that must be made a maxime in morality and piety, [...]ieri non debuit factum vala [...]; which holds only good in some State policies, or cases of civil exigency and necessity, where the change or remedy of things may be more dangerous, then the error and inconvenience which is happened.

[...].§. Neither the Anatomist nor the Analeptist (whom Dr. Gauden doth not joyn now, or at any time toge­ther, as to any exact parallel of their minds and manners (which may differ as much as white and black, sobriety and scurrility, sanctity and sacriledge, simplicity and Hypocrisie; but only as to those com­mon notions and fancies of the Covenant, in which they seem to concur. I know there is as much dif­ference between an open and ingenuous Writer, and a malicious sculking Libeller, as between the Letters [Page 5] of Z.G. and C B. or the name of Zachary Crafton, and Cornelius Burges) neither of them I say can be ignorant, that those Covenants, Leagues, Oathes, Vows, and Ingagements, which sometime prevailed upon the Nation, in broken and bleeding times (as Si­meon and Levi did against the Sichemites, when they were circumcised and sore) did arise rather from the violent pumpings of humane power and policy (according to the jealousies, fears, animosities,Th [...] rise of the [...]e [...] Cove­nants, and Lea [...]ue, and Vows in E [...]g­land. and interests of divided and prevailing parties) then from the clear fountains of Gods word, and Christs blessed Gospel, which are pure and peaceable; nor yet did they flow from the springs of National Ju­stice, our Laws civil or ecclesiastical.

§. No, they were all foreign and exotick plants, which neither grew among the Scriptural Lillies, nor the English Roses; but were slips or inoculations, inlays or off-sets taken from the Scotish thistle, or from the Guisian Garden, or from the last Bohemian bitter root, which by way of covenant too engaged that Kingdom and all Germany in so long and dread­ful a war, or from the Guenses in the Neatherlands, who sped not much better with their first covenant­ing: and how holy soever some men may yet esteem any of those covenanting patterns, yet we are sure never any of them hath made any access of holiness, or honor, or peace and happiness, either to the Re­ligion or Laws, the Doctrine or manne [...]s of any other much less of this Church and Nation of England, which were and are in themselves the best constituted, and most deservedly to be admired of any Church or Kingdom in all the world.

§. When first I had a cursory view of that infamous [Page 9] Libel (the An [...]t [...]ry or rather Cacotomy as I must call it,Dr. Ga [...]s [...] of t [...]e Libel [...] which sought to give it self some credit by Dr. Gaudens name; I thought it too great a loss of time to consider it, or the quiver out of which that ve­nomous, but harmless arrow came; I saw the Libel­ler under pretended zeal for the Covenant, was highly concerned in three things; first, To calum­niate and reproach, if he could, Dr. Gauden; next to conceal his wretched self: Lastly, To contend for the forlorn Dr. Burges, and revenge his quarrel; a client worthy of such a patron; the proverb [...]; And T [...]rdus sibi malum caca [...], but its beyond conjecture, what black bird laid so spotted an egg; but since he was justly ashamed of his self, I thought it needless to scare the world by bringing to light this caca [...], this hidden work of darkness: Nor is it worthy of Dr. Gauden to mind all those scurrilous and putid effusions, which the Libeller makes of his own froth, filth and folly; It being below any [...]n of honest employment, to scuffle with umbra's, to sight with ghosts, or to pursue such Cretian beasts, as are easily like rats, discoverable by their excre­ments.

§. Indeed, I justly for some time disdained to take any exact view of the Libel, or make any re­ply to such a pittiful Pamphleter, who hiding his head, or having indeed neither face or forehead (as a meer Acephalist) shewed onely the marks of his fowl hands and feet, sordid with sacriledge, be­smeared with blood, and filthy with all that turpi­tude which rustick or petulant malice is wont to suggest, to people of impotent passions, unbridled lusts, of ulcero [...] conscie [...]es, and of infamous names, [Page 7] I judged it best not to touch such an Incubus, such a Borborites, and [...]; who frustrates the most resolute encounters, and vanisheth with a stink or evil savour unseen, as unclean spirits are said to do.

Yea rather I thought it my part,The be [...]t re­venge upon uch Libeller [...] being fortified with Gods grace and my own integrity to summon and muster up all those holy charms, those sober graces, and serious considerations, which best be­came me as a man, a Christian, and a Minister of Jesus Christ; lest I should seem too sensible of the Libellers petulancy, or provoked to answer such a Fanto or Incognito according to his folly; since first his own minde and manners will most severely pu­nish him. Next there was nothing that this Scribler could with any truth or probability reflect upon Dr. Gauden that deserves to infect him with any discom­posure, or the least discountenance; no more then the foam and rage of waves can foil or shake that rock, against which they dash themselves. Nor did Dr. Gauden fear any evil or sinister impressions to be made upon any Judicious or ingenuous Reader, who either knew his conversation or reputation, which (blessed be God) never yet used or needed any compurgators for his credit, nor any pleas for his Sa­criledge, nor any Apologies for his covetousness and contentiousness, unbecoming a man of common ho­nesty: Nor could he be blemished, much less batter­ed by the scurrilous stroaks of so trivial a pen, or the cholerick barkings of so rabid a Libeller; whom to rebuke, or seek to reduce to any thing modest, sober, just, and ingenuous, is to wash a Blackmore, to change the spots of a Leopard, and fix the variations of Pu­tens or a Polypus, or a Camelion: I found the Libeller [Page 8] had more malice, and the other as little reason.

§. In this just neg [...]ect of them both, I enjoyed my self for some weeks, after I had seen both those Re­plie [...] against my Analysis, while my attendance on better persons and implo [...]ments gave the little leisure to [...]ind▪ what either this vild Libeller, or the other mod [...]ter Writer replyed upon my Analysis, which is fixed upon their undoubted and eternal Principles of Justice and true Religion. [...]. (1.) That as no man can law­fully covenant, swear▪ vow and engage himself, contra­ry to that duty which he ows to God, the King, the Church, the Laws of the Land, and the good of his Country: or contrary to that particular justice and charity which he ows to himself or other men. So (2.) if any man be surprised and [...]amp [...]red by any such covenanting words, and vowing forms, as may seem to involve him in such, not only abs [...]dities, and irregularities, but injustices and immorali [...]ies, either he must finde out and keep to, such a commodious and honest sense of the words, in the fulfilling and exe­cuting of his Vow, Oath and Covenant, as may con­sist with Justice and true Religion, with known Laws, and former Oaths, binding indispensably to the mo­rality of duties. Or (3.) If this cannot fairly be done, he must speedily retract his Vow and Covenant, so far as he sees it unlawful either in the susception or exe­cution of it: yea he must repent of his rashness, rectifie his inconsiderateness, and take an holy revenge of himself, by being, as more cautious of such covenant­ing, so more zealous to do his duty quite contrary to those snares and surprises which he now discovers in his Covenant, then ever he was to take it; so far un­advisedly, as it proves unlawful for him to perform [Page 9] it: so far unadvisedly [...]s it proves unlawful for him to perform it; and onely lawful for him in th [...]se re­spects to break it, however in other things just and honest he may keep it, by vertue of another and higher obligation, morally lying upon his consci­ence.

§. But at length having a little leisure, and consi­dering that the popular emptiness of the Analeptist, and the levity or contemptibleness of the Libeller, were made up by the seeming weight of some ob­jections, and the impudence of some calumnies, that as St. Jerom says in case of Heresie, so in that of per­jury and blasphemy; No man ought to have such a silence or patience as may so cut stupid or neglective of his and re­ligious honor: Th [...] Libell [...] [...]. I thought it a right due to my self and to all honest men, tant [...] bla [...]eronis ineptius acrius coer­cere; First, To let such a vile Libeller see his ugly form in a true glass (if he dares to steal a sight of himself in those secret corners and disguises) where this deaf Adder lurks; and whence it may be, I shall by some potent inchantments drive him to a more publique view, to own himself and his name.

§. After this to let Mr. Crofton understand, how little there is of pious perswasion in his credulous facility, and popular presumption.

§. To which purpose I see it is necessary for me to abase my ordinary stile and language, [...] t [...]e Re­ [...] [...], ora­to [...]y. which it seems the paper spoilers cannot indure any more then Spi­ders or Toads can sage or fasting spittle, because it savours of something which the one calls Oratory the other condemns for Rhetorick and luxuriancy of l [...]n­g [...]g [...]; yet both sometimes vapor in words like I [...]em­ [...]l [...] [...]s wh [...] pag. 6. the Libeller speaks of 8 E. [...]. [...] [Page 10] one already arrived at such herds of good words, and stocks of figures, rare and florid strains of burnbast stuff, as fulsom as false; being indeed both of them as far from the true strength and politure of acute or elegant writing, as the musick of a Jews-trump is from the melody of a Lute: But despairing like the Satyr in the fable to sing or play well, they seek to break all musical Instruments in pieces which they can lay their paws upon.

§. Therefore to suit this Libellers grosser genius, and the vulgar capacity of the Analeptist, I will endea­vor to entertain them both, with as flat and down­right expressions, as I can descend to: For I see they are better at plain cudgel-play, then at any way of finer fencing. For the first, you shall see him in his native colours and cloaths (like country fellows with their flail, and leather doublets) when he appears triumphing and strutting in his Rhodomontado titles of defiance, in his prodigious raylings, in his sarcasti­cal Ironies; in his fallacious Sophisms, in his dull ar­gumentations, in his specious pretentions of zeal, and clamors for Reformation, which he loves as much as the Devil doth holy water; with these glo­zings doth he fawn upon any faction, that is proba­ble to renew our troubles, and releive his and his dear D.Bs despaire: With those incongruous agita­tions doth he sometimes strike at the person of Dr. Gauden, his well known and true assertions, and at his useful variations as to places and imployments for some time, at his silence to D. B. his paradox of Sa­criledge; other while he flies to the refuge of his sa­cred Covenant, of which he is more zealous th [...] Ia­cob was of his gods being taken from him, least it be [Page 11] either reconciled to Episcopacy, or made Nehustan; for then farewel to all sacrilegious purchases.

Thus the frantick humor of the man sometimes heats the air, another while himself, while he lays at Dr. Gauden withal his might and malice, as the blind and enraged Cyclops did at Ʋlysses, shewing by his various freaks and inordinate digressions, as void of wit, oratory and method, as of truth and conscience, how touchy and galled he is, by the sore wounds which his former presumptuous sins, and now the laws of the Land do give him.

§.The title of the [...]ibel b [...]g with bl [...] ­sphem [...]. The first fanatick fit of this Libeller is to affix to his Pasquil a most true sent title (the Anatomy of Dr. Gaudens Idolized nonsense and blasphemy.) An In­scription fit for Goliah, or Rabsakeh, or Polypheusus, or Polypurgonices, or Damet [...]s, or such Thrasonick vaporers and Hectors, who fancy that a bold defit and and challenge is half the combate and conquest; knowing that most spectators of Books look not much beyond the Title, loth to examine how it is made good in the Treatise, but presently they go a­way, as fully informed of the whole story, as they think they know by the Inscription what is in the Apotheca­ries pots or boxes.

§. Though nothing is more usual then these popu­lar acts of Impudent calumniators, Impud [...]nt aspersions of old upon n­noc [...]n [...]y. and desperate undertakers of a lost cause; Shimei doubts not to brand David with the name of a man of blood, cur­sing as he went the Lords Anointed; the Athenians call St. Paul a babler, others call him a pestilent fellow and seditious: Nay the Jewish malice and blaphemy first s [...]ek to crucifie the good name and credit of [Page 12] Christ; sometimes counting him a Winebibber and a glutton, a friend of publicans and sinners; yea they c [...]y o [...]t of him as a blasphemer; and when dead, re­p [...]te him a De [...]er, Naboth is accused for blasphemy t [...]a [...] [...] stoned, and his vineyard possessed: what w [...]ll not [...]a [...]ilegious avarice brand with blasphe­my, if they [...] to question or shake the unjust titles of such pu [...]c [...]rs. Poor Episcopacy, is nothing, and the sa [...]red Covenant is nothing, and real blasphemy is not m [...]h to this Libeller; but Bishops, and Deans, and Chapters lands are all in all; The Covenant and E gagement too shall be sacred, if they will help to keep out Kings and Bishops, from recovering their rights: This is a better plea and title then any D. B. can bring in Westminster-hall for his houses and lan [...] at Wells, for which this Libeller is so passionate and warm an Ad [...]ocate; operculium pavilla dignissimum; Ti [...] pitty the po [...] and its cover should be parted.

[...].§. But all this titular pomp and parades signifies no­thing with sober and wise men, yea tis justly sus­pected, there is little manly truth there, where the pi [...]lo [...] and idol i [...] so full-stuffed with Goats-hair; this is the wonted way for Quacks and Cha [...]ts to gull country lo [...]: Nothing is more easie then to prefi [...] such Labels to the vilest Libels, as those paphleter [...] of the same barrel with this calumniator were in the last years wont to do; when on every Book­sellers stale were laid out, The Antichristianism of all Bishops, and Episcopal Ordination; Th [...] downfal of [...]aals Priests; The vanity of Baby baptism▪ So that necessity of Reformation; The Divine right of Presbyte­ry: Christ on his Throne; A voyce out of the Temple, and the like. Some mens desperate malice is so im­pudent [Page 13] as to brand with black stigma's, and crown with thorns, the most innocent hands and foreheads; also to adorn with Angelick vizards the most Hel­lish Devils; as those cruel Saints did the late murther­ed and martyred King, when they thought to justifie the outrage of their own Villany, by calling him a Traytor, a Tyrant, and a Murtherer; titles that this Libeller will not now dare to own in publique, not yet D. B. his great Confident, unless they could get again into Buff-coats, ride at the head of a Troop of Hors, and make good that new charge which D. B. lays upon that King of glorious memory, as if he were fela de se, upon the point guilty of his own death and ruine, by his obstinate forsaking the Parliament, (when he could not safely, stay at Whitehal;) and by his following, as he prates, the counsel of some Bishops and Clergy-men, nay indeed, the dictates of his own conscience, according to the Word of God, the Laws of the Land, and his Oath taken at his Coronation, to pre [...]erve the Clergy as well as the Laity, in their rights and immunities.

§. Among many other riddles of scurrility & silliness, I could least tel what the Libeller Q. What the Libeller means by Ido­liz d non-sense. meant by the epithite Idolized Non-sense, unless he feared and found by some experience, that the solid weight and divine truth of that free and rational Analysis (void of ob­scurity, popularity, partiality, Sopistry, or flattery) was likely to prevail so far to the sati [...]faction of all ingenious and honest minded Covenanters, as to re­deem them from those Antepiscopal animosities and antipathies, in which they were cunningly engaged, and still were sought to be deceived by such deceit­ful [Page 14] Workers, who hope to make use of the Covenant, onely to keep out Bishops, and other Church-men from their Estates; and to keep these crafty Merchants in the possession of their Purchases; else why should this Libeller and his Bembo D. B. be thus touchy in the point of reducing the Covenant to such a sense as is not less consistent with Episcopacy, then with right reason, and true Religion, with Law, and Justice, with good Order and Policy, with Verity and Cha­rity, with beam of divine goodness and glory, this Libeller is afraid honest men should too soon discover, too much venerate and submit unto for his profit and interest: For if the Covenant will not protect them from honest restitution, and feare the Law from a just resumption of Church lands, illegally sold, and sa­crilegiously purchased (especially by Ministers of this Church;) yea, and very great Conformists too in times of yore, altum est, periisti Sacrilege: All is lost: What shall D.B. do for his money lent and dou­bled upon publique faith!

§. The term Idolized, is very improperly affixed by the Libeller to Non-sense and blasphemy: For who in these days is so blinde a Bigot, as to venerate those Monsters to Reason and Religion? Is it not rather the Idolized Mammon of this Anatomist, and his Compeer D. B. which parts him upon such outcrys, as Athaliah, crying Treason, Treason, when she was the greatest Traytor? Is it not his covetousness, which is Idolatry, that makes him fear least his Dagon of Sacriledge, set up in the Temple of his heart, and prostituted to the view of the World by new cases, and strange paradoxes, v [...]es & r [...]s, printed and reprinted, to [Page 15] the nanseum and loathing of all honest men, lest this should fall before the Ark of God? That justice, ho­nesty, and truth, which ought to prevail, as in every Christians soul, so in every Christian Church and State; against which no vain pomp of pretended, ille­gal, incompleat Authorities, and so invalid, may any longer take place, or keep possession, against the rightful owners.

§. It is not Idolatry, but pure Religion, It is true Re­ligion which re [...]eems men from errors. and unde­filed (which good Christians will highly value, ex­actly follow, though to their detriment) which un­deceives honest-meaning men of superstitious snares, and popular surprizes, of vulgar mistakes, and per­nicious errours; which brings them out of darkness and doubting to clear light; out of Egypt, to Goshen; out of partial bands, and politick scrupulosities, to pi­ous, honest, and prudent liberties, confined to, and consistent with the Laws of God and the Land; be­yond which no Comet, no Ignis Fatuus, lawfully may or can lead Good Christians, and Loyal Sub­jects.

§. This was the design and work of the Analysis, not Idolized, but justly esteemed by consciencious and judicous men, for its sober sense, and solid piety, [...]y which it will prevail in spite of all pitiful Libels and Pamphlets; for Magna est veritas & prevalebit. Tis as gross and a sinine fancy to charge the world with Idolizing non-sense and blasphemy, under the title of Dr. Gaudens name, as it was a false and scurri­lous reproach cast by the Heathen on the Jews and Christians, that they worshipped an Asses head; or [Page 16] the pedenda of their Priests: The forty Libeller may sooner hope to have his Cacotony Idolized, and him­self, when he dare own his name, or shew his face as father to this go [...]dly b [...]t, to be venerated by all his sacrilegious So [...]r [...], that by the impotency of his wi [...] and impudence of his [...]quil Oratory, he can long keep them in possession of the illegal Purchases, and either by fo [...] keep out the Lawful owners of those Lands and Houses, or else, (as in a desperate siege) rather [...] and blow up all (As D.B. threatens) then fairly [...]poi [...] the usurpation: usurpation: This may get the Libel­ler and his Crony D.B. the report which Hierostratus had; or the veneration which Cain and Judas enjoy­ed, who wanted not those that almost Idolized their name, and memories, for the atrocity and infamy of then faces; qui ipso scelern molimina, & i [...]mitate credebanter p [...]; a many of latter years were cryed up for Saints, upon no other account, but the inso­lency, prosperity, and impenitency of their evil actions.

[...].§. For the dash of Non-sense (which this Scribe and Pharisee impute, to the Analysis as falsly, as he writes sense) he is indeed highly concerned that the world should think it so, that they might forbear to read it, because he feels in his fortunes, as well as his covetous conscience, so quick a sense of its pregnant weight and power, as is sufficient to make even cre­dulous men cautious, and rash men circumspect, up­on the serious and just review of those things that pretend to Religion, and yet appear in sober sense inconsistent with our good Laws, with Loyalty and common equity; But can this Stenter hope to scare [Page 17] any honest men from reading Dr. Gaudens [...] [...] l [...]y decrying it for non-sense, and yet own it as Id [...]liz [...]d▪ that is, highly esteemed: who will not rather feel the quick motions of humane curiosity to read such a pi [...]ce, as shall bear Dr. Gaudens name, and yet be tra­duced by a nameless Libeller for non sense, yea, and Idolized non sense? The world expects as little nonsense from Dr. Gauden, as it doth modesty or truth and honesty from any such Libellers, or their Co [...]pi­rators and Favourites, such as D. B. who are asham [...]d to own what they say or do; onely they are disco­vered, by doing and writing so as becomes no men but Monsters of base avarice and impudence, received by no vertue or sense of honour from those impudi­cities, which render them at once impudent, and yet ashamed to be known as Authors of such rare at [...]hiev­ments, as these Libellers are; by which the vain ca­lumniator hopes to blinde the English world, yea, and the knowing City of London, with these visards and disguises put upon Dr. Gaudens Analysis of the Co­venant, as if it were not worth reading, being ar­rant Non-sense; nor safe to read, being Blasphe­my.

§. Doubtless in this the Libeller mistakes his mysterie of iniquity; for as all England, The eye of the Eng [...] [...] opened. so chiefly the City of London, hath now learned wisdom by their afflictions: Their eyes are opened by those sharp eye salves which God hath applied to them, and by which he hath made all the seales of specious and popular pretences, with the filmes of faction and violent Reformation; to fall off. They now discern those to be but Teraphines and Idols of the vulgar; the machinations and artifices of crafty Politicians, [Page 18] which [...] cryed up for Gods and Images [...]. All honest Citizens and others, [...] interest, as their purchases of Crown and [...] land [...], or their debenturs, do [...] between precious liberties, and [...] between religious engagements, and traytero [...] con [...]ederacies, between such sacred Lea­gues, and lawful Oathes [...]towed by God, and impo­sed by due Anthon of men.

[...]. It must be very gross non-sense indeed, that any man must now write of the former policies, projects, and proceedings of some men, and not therein dis­cover how enterfeiring they were with, and contra­dicti [...] to the Laws and Oathes of God and man; so against their own declared Protestations, Promises, and Proposals, that even the ordinary Reader will easily discern the palpable cheats and frauds no less then force put upon the Nation; and carried on with, an high hand against King and Clergy, against Lords and Comment, against our estates, liberties, and lives, against the order, honour, peace, Religion, just Reformation and Conscience of the Church and State: And all this to gratifie the ambition, cove­tousness, revenge and envy of such men, as cared not what havock they made of things Sacred or Ci­vil, provided they could get pay, and make a good purchase of Crown, or Church, or Delinquents lands.

The [...] of D [...]. [...] c.§. This Libeller justly fears the potent impressions of that pious sense, which Dr. Gauden is wont to preach and write (beyond any such Scriblers reply) when he remonstrates and appeals (as he hath some­times done both by preaching and printing) to the [Page 19] City and Countrey, to the grand body of this Kingdom, to all degrees of good men in Church and State, what sense they have of our past times and Tr [...]gedies, what advantages the Laws or Liberties, the Peace and Plenty, the Honour and Happiness of the Nation hath gained; yea, what Reformation and Improvement hath been made, as to the Religion, and the mindes or manners of English people, yea, of English Preacher [...] too, by all those sacred and solemn, but now illegal leagues, vows, and covenants, strange oathe and new engagements; yea, by the horrid [...]cecra­tions and abjurations taken, proposed and imposed by some.

If all Estates of this Nation had lost their sense of their sins, seductions, and sufferings, what made them by Dr. Gandens and other mens instigation [...] express so general and great resentments of their, and their posterities sad condition, that they were impatient to be any longer bafled; when from the City and all parts of the Kingdom, the confluence of mens just passions, was so great, and so strong, that like a mighty torren [...] or inundation, they bare all be­fore them that opposed their just desires of returning to their pristine happy condition both in Church and State.

§. These were the motions of men not easily taken with non-sense, or with blasphemy; with what is void of Reason, and Religion, I believe this Libeller and C.B. too found, and to this day (as they intimate) feel it to their extream grief, how that great Assem­bly of the City of London, were affected with Dr. Gaudens pious non-sense, and honest Blasphemy, when preaching at S. Pauls, before the Lord Mayor, [Page 20] and [...] he did so Anatomize those cruel [...] and [...]fty Empericks of the times, the slight [...]eale [...] wh [...] made their profit and pleasure out of the d [...]sca [...] [...], and miseries of their Coun­trey [...] then the Humpers at once tremble and rage at the truth and courage of Dr. Gaudens non-sense How were the Regicides astonished at the sword of [...] mouth, that Word of God? How were the sacrilegious Merchants of Church Lands app [...]ed before that blasphemy, vvhich being like thunder and l [...]ghtning, delivered by Dr. Gaudens tongue and p [...]n, quite blasted all the glory of their pu [...]ch [...]se [...] of vvhich so seasonable and influential Sermons and Writings, specially that of the Tears of the Church of England, this Libeller cannot but ex­pres [...] a deep sense in that sad marginal note, p. 1. of his vvretched Pamp [...]et, finding in it to this day no great use of [...]tion, either to himself or his darling Dr. Burg [...].

[...]. [...]. For [...] that time, the bloody Babel fell and could rise no more, from that day many vvicked men began to look vvhat rocks and mountains might co­ver them: After that all honest and just men dared to express their sense freely, and to discern the real non-sense and impudence of Dr. Burges his clamorous case, and important plea for sacriledge, vvith vvhich (as the Widdow) he hoped to vveary out, and tire the just and unjust Judges, to confirm his sacrilegious bargains. Then did the Golden Caloes, vvhich the purchasers of Crown and Church lands had set up to themselves, become Nehustan, and fell to povvder; about vvhich this Anatomist, and his dear Benjamin C. B. had so devoutly danced a long time: Such Gods [Page 21] in our Israel vvould these regicidious and sacrilegious spirits ever have to go before them, vvhich should nei­ther knovv nor punish their enormous sins, blasphe­mies, and hypocrisies, being Gods indeed of non sense, having eyes, and see not; ears, and hear not; and such are all those that sometime cryed them up, and trust­ed in them, as this wretched Libeller, and his second D. B. who by this time may have some quicker sense of Dr. Gaudens non-sense, notwithstanding they have [...]ick Skins, brawny Hearts, and cauterized Consci­e [...]ces.

But if this LibellerNo such dan­ger of writing non sense as the L [...]beller tears. and his copes-mate (whose time is easier known by his ominous Acrosticks, C. B. [...] D.B. that's the name and number of the Beast) [...]ave found so compleat non-sense in Dr. Gaudens Analysis, what pity it is, that this doubty Champion, [...]nd his Squire (like Sancho Panca to Don Quixot) [...]hould prodigally lose so much precious time and va­ [...]our, in combating with Nonsense, as he did with a [...]indmil.

§. Non-sense fights against it self, and must needs [...]ll with its own weight, as sand without lime: The [...]riter of non-sense is never likely to infect the [...]orld with heresie, or any dangerous doctrines: This [...]lain of non-sense made the Valentinians and Mani­ [...]ces of old so ridiculous, and the Familists of later [...]yrs, and the Quakers last of all, whose futility [...]e best confutes, and the experience which sober [...]rn have of their dotage or delirancy

§. But sure the Libelling Anatomist sound more of [...]s [...]se in Dr. Gaudens The Libellers too great sense of D. G's non-sense. Analysis, then Ixion did of a [...]ddess in the cloud he so strictly embraced: Nor [Page 22] would he have so [...]agerly pursued it, and its inno­ [...]nt A [...]thor, even to the accusation of Blasphemy, [...]yphemus did after Ʋlysses, with his blinde and [...]oody forehead) if he had not felt the picquaent darts of [...] [...]erse and reason, Religion and Conscience, in Law and Justice, deeply fixed in his breast and other men [...] too.

[...]e Ad quid perdetio haec? What needed this pas­sion and consumption of the little wit, and less re [...] ­son whereof this Libeller is guilty. Men of sm [...]ll st [...]ks must not be prodigal: Dr. Gaudens Sophisty at [...] which is a semblance of sense, and Reason, and Religion▪ had been worth his examining: But wh [...]t p [...]y [...] it that so great an Artist, though unknow [...], [...] [...]i [...]ful an Anatemist, though Anonymus, shoul that pen his lipp [...]nt eyes, and whet his butcherly knif, and stretch [...]t his bloody hands, onely to cut t [...] th [...]at of this Analysis and chop it in more pie [...] then Medes did her children, and yet exercised that skill or cruelty upon a simple piece of non-sen, which could hardly at once be guilty of non-sēc and blasphemy too, any more then natural Ideo, Fool [...] and Madmen can; who being, as the vul [...]r speak, bereaved of their senses, that is of right [...] ­son, are not capable of sense, of malice, much ss of Blasphemy: Nor was ever any man so voic [...] of sense in honour, as to challenge and combat [...]h those poor creatures, whose defects are their p [...] ­tection, both from Gods and mans justice.

The [...]. [...]. But it is the interest and policy of some a [...] ­cious spirits, to charge the severest and most sca [...] ­ing Truths with Non-sense; when themselves ar [...]y many hypocrisies, prasumptions, relapses and apost [...]es [Page 23] grown past feeling, and given over to a reprobate sence: Men are loth to own the sense, that is the reason and religion of that Discourse which they see [...]nds to destroy their lusts, yea to weaken much their [...]ill gotten estates, if they should make restitution with Zacheus, without which no saving repentance; thus the Athonians pride, counts St. Pauls reasoning bab­ling; and carnal men call the wisdom of God the foolishness of preaching: Festus being moved to a trem­bling, Act. 24.25. by St. Pauls preaching of righteousness, temperance, and Judgement to come, was willing to avoid the edge and dint of those potent expressi­ons, by crying out, Paul thou art beside thy self, much learning hath made thee mad; from the same sad o­men and presage that Dr. Gaudens Analysis may bring all good Christians and loyal Subjects to a right sense of their duty to God, the King and the Church, be­yond or against which no covenant of humane inven­tion and illegal imposition ought or lawfully can lead or drive them, this Libelling Rabshekah, this A­natomising Shimei calls it nonsense and blasphemy; But as the jeastings of wise men are better then the most serious musings or ploddings of weak and foolish heads; so will Dr. Gaudens nonsense prove more po­tent in the end with all godly and honest men, then the most specious shews of sense and sacredness, which others pretend: and with great impatience cry up as the Ephesine rabble did their Diana; with an eye to their gain; fearing that if their Antiepiscopal sense of the Covenant be basted, their sacrilegious and il­legal purchases must be null and vacated: For if Dr. Burges D. Burges his sacrileg ou [...] and [...] [...]al­lacy. argument be good, the Office of Bishops, Deans and Prebends are abolished without any law, by a [Page 24] temporary [...] of Lords and Comment, ergo, th [...] [...] be sold, which fallacy might as we [...] b [...]g [...] against the King's and Crown lands: It will f [...]llow, tha [...] when Bishops, Deans and Chapters are by lawful power restored, according to L [...]w, to their Offices and Places in the Church, the [...]r [...]an [...]'s [...]nd houses also must be according to Law res [...] [...]ed to them.

[...]The j [...]stice and wisdom of the just God, and of [...]ll j [...]t men, possibly the Libeller may think to be foolish [...]ss and injustice (considering how much mo­ney [...]e and his partn [...]r Dr. Burges, hath laid out up­on so no legal or just Title, Bishops and Cathedral la [...]d [...]:) yet the event will declare how little sense [...] conscience, prudence or piety these purchasers had; when out of regret of their supine folly in making such non [...]ens [...]y purchases, as to buy what was by Law another mans, and by no lawful power alienated from them, they will be ready to blaspheme God and the King, yea to curse themselves, and all those who were the means to lead them into such palpable snares of Sacriledge, folly, and injustice, against God and the King, against Church and State, to their very great los [...] and detriment.

The L [...]beller [...] and r [...]r [...]anted.What sense and secret feeling this Libeller hath of Dr. Gaudens non-sense, in stating the lawful, mo­ral, and onely obliging sense that can be made of the Coven [...]nt, he is willing to dissemble; and strives, though in vain, to put on a shew of confidence; but one they easily see, that the Analysis, like Ebuc [...]s dag­ger in Iglon [...]belly, hath struck deep; and is so lodged in his bowel, that the dirt and filth comes forth, in these imputations of Idolized nonsense and blasphemy; [Page 25] both which the Libelling Anatomist, and Dr. Burges his dear Pupil, will then be in better temper, and have more leisure to prove, without passion, when they have both restored Bishops, and other Church Lands, to the rightful owners, according to the Law of God and man, and the rules of all justice, which bindes us to give to every one their own, and to do to others, as we would be done unto: Dr. Burges would have his illegal bargain against the encroachments of the Corporation or City of Wells; and the Bishop of Bath and Wells, with the Dean and Prebends, would have their estates from Dr. Burges: Which once done humbly and ingenuously (without force, or firing him out of his fine house, as he threatens the learned Dean of Wells Dr. Criton) this blessed and penitent pair will be much more able, with clearer eyes to discern, and juster zeal to detest the Idolized non­sense and blasphemy of Dr. Gaudens Analysis; then will they be best Judges of the honest and onely lawful sense of the Covenant, when they shall hope to get nothing by it; yea, and so far conform to it, as to maintain the just right of King and Subject, of Church and State; which will undoubtedly cast out Dr. Burges, and bring in the Bishop and Dean of Wells to their properties and liberties of enjoying their own according to Law.

§. When I finde Dr. Burges, and his Patron this Libeller, The expectati­on of the Li­belle [...]s and D. E's repen­t [...]nce. thus cloathed with righteousness, and in their right mindes, no less then their rightful houses and estates; when I shall see them more cautious of making good that proverb, A fool and his money are soon parted; when they have eyes to see, what is written in great Letters upon all Church Lands and [Page 31] Estates, Caveat Emplor, as Ment Tekel Perez, was on [...]elshazzars walls when they are as much trembling at that hand writing, which curseth every man, yea, every Nati n that dares rob God, and his Priests, or by the [...] Anal [...]gy, Christ and his Ministers, which blasteth a [...]l sacrilegious and presumptuous purchasers, with the Apostolical Anathema or Thunderbolt which struck Ananias and Saphyra dead, and astonished Simon Magus, with, Thy money perish with thee; when I see them got out of that hand of iniquity, and gall of bitterness, sacrilegious covetousness and cruelty, which da [...]es with open forehead comply with, and countenan [...]e, yea truck and trade, with those Huck­sters, wh [...] labour to deprive all excellent Bishops, and other learned Churchmen in England, of their lawful, merited, and well used Estates and Dignities; yea, to deprive this so ancient, Christian, and reformed Church of England, of that primitive, Catholick and Apostolick [...]o [...]ernment of Episcopacy, and all those prudent helps of Church Government, which were by way of counsel and assistance applied to Bishops, in the Dean and Chapters, as a constant Presbytery.

When I see Dr. Burges his resolution, his recanta­tion; his retreat from the traverses, with which this Dr [...]medary hath wearied himself: When his prodro­mus or Jack [...]al, thi [...] Libeller shall make a new Essay of his wil [...] and sense, and z [...]al in discovering Dr. Burges his restitution and real repentance; when I find them both, or one of them, which is as good as both, like I [...]bohus, prostrate at the Church porch, on the ground, and crying out, Calcate me salem insipidum; then it will be time to examine, what non-sense and blasphemy they really find in Dr. Gaudens Analysis; [Page 30] which will not be ( [...].) like Jonahs Gourd, of a nights growth, and a days withering; but it will be like Sempervive or Ever-live, flourishing like Aarons Rod, bearing fair leaves of right reason, and ripe fruits of true Religion, Justice, and Reason, both be­fore God and man; nor shall the scratching of any such Bramble be able to destroy its fruit or floridnes [...]: to which all ingenuous Covenanters will chearfully conform; whose freedom is this, not to be bound by any cords of men, contrary to those obligations, which Gods laws, and the laws of the Land have upon them. If any thing as a snare, or surprize, or mistake be put upon them by others, or taken up by them­selves, contrary to these moral and mutable ties of Piety, Equity, and Charity, they are no more bound to keep and perform any Vow, or Covenant, or Oath in any such rash and unlavvful sense, then those Jevvs vvere to make good their Corban, of devoting all their goods to God and his Temple, rather then re­lieve their necessitous Parents; or then David vvas bound to keep his, vvhen he resolved (vvith, God do so to me and mine also) to destroy Nabal, and all his house; which military and cruel purpose, yea so­lemn protestation in Gods name, he piously, chear­fully and thankfully broke, yea, recanted it, at the wise intercession of Nabals wife.

But the bold charge of Blasphemy, By charging Dr. Gauden with blasphe­my, the L [...]bel­ler [...]e to [...]ch­eth [...]e wh le apt of st [...] ­ty o [...] parti [...]lity added to non-sense and both Idolized, is of so hainous a nature, and so re­proachful, not onely to Dr. Gauden, but to the whole age he lives in, and to all sorts of worthy persons (who doubtless never took Dr. Gauden for to be so bold a sinner, as at once to rob God of his glory, and his [Page 28] Church of its honour; or to blaspheme either God or the King) that the prodigious Libeller, though he is justly ashamed and afraid to own himself or his name, yet ought not to [...] much to flatter himself in Dr. Gau­dens silence for a time▪ in his own concealment, as if th [...]se would keep him secret and safe from the re­venge wh [...]ch hangs over him; Alas the Author of it, is not onely sec [...]ndly suspected, but evidently known to all the better world at London, and in the Coun­trey, to be such an one as might probably have served A [...]abs covetousness▪ and Jezebels cruelty, in charging Nab [...]th with Blasphemy; yea, he is prone to think and write of all Bishops, Deans, and Prebends, as Blasphemers; men not fit to live, and enjoy their own, but to be either stoned, or starved to death; that he may (as a spiteful-wasp, who hath more of the sting then honey) still enjoy the sweet hi [...]es of those Drones, those Idle-bellies, as that Cretian B [...]rbo­r [...]t [...]s, calls persons every way so much his betters, that it is to their disparagement to compare them with such a Mushroom [...] who is (besides common fame) up­on record in Chau [...]try, by a sentence given May 1. 1657. blessed with this Encomium in Hippeslys case; that he appears to be an Author and Abettor of so great injustice and oppre [...]sions, as are not only utterly in­becoming a man of [...]ommon honesty, much more a Mi­nister of the Gospel, whose life and conversation should be exemplary in all vertue, &c.

Quis celum terrae [...] non misceat & mare culo;
—Si fur displiccat Veri.

It would have made an horse break his bridle,Of the Author of the Libel. and startle to an extasie all the sober world, to hear Verres inveigh against The [...]very, or Cataline against conspiracy, or Cesar Borgia against luxury, or C.B. against Sacri­ledge, or this Libeller against blasphemy, and yet con­ceal his name as ashamed of his zelotry, and clamor aloud for the sacred Covenant (forsooth) and cry out against all as blasphemy and blasphemers that shall so abate the rigid, factious and unjust sense, by some imputed to it, and prosecution against Bishops and E­piscopacy, as may make a fair and honest way to their just restitution, to those rights of estate, honor and authority, which by law are due to them, and only by the will and power of a few men was taken, or ra­ther beaten or extorted from them.

How ridiculous would this Act and Scene of this Li­beller have appeared to all Spectators who should have seen him (if he durst have been visible) at this loud out-cry of blasphemy, rending his garments, and tear­ing the hair off his head and beard (if the last be not lately cut off to disguise him, and the other as short as his eye-brows) in a most pitteous and hideous manner; as the high Priest did when he cryed out against Christ We have heard his blasphemy, &c. themselves then most guilty of blaspheming the Son of God, and Saviour of the world, when they kindled most like touchwood or tinder at the imaginary sparks of blasphemy, as this Libeller doth, who if he should rake his own evil heart, or the Devils skul, can find no shew of this fowl le­prosie of blasphemy upon Dr. Gaudens Analysis; save only that Dr. Gauden, in that as in all his ways, nei­ther doth nor ever did bow down and worship either that Covenant, or any other Engagements, civil or [Page 26] sacred, which any party of men set up in England, in such words, or under such a sense and design, as were inconsistent with, and contrary to those prece­dent Oathes, upon his and the Nations souls; which obliged to all things just and honest toward God, the King, and all men; Nor could in Dr. Gaudens judgement after-Engagements and Covenants either violently imposed or spont [...]neously undertaken, any way absolve from the former lawful bonds, nor bind men to act in the least degree contrary to them.

This, this is the blasphemy, the non-sense, so offen­sive to the Libeller,The [...]. to C. B. and all those who first protesting and after covenanting to keep to the re­formed Religion, established in England, to the Laws and Liberties of the Nation, to their duty to King and Parliaments, the Church and their Country, were yet (at last) so hurried down the torrents of factions, furies and rebellio [...]s, as they not only took away from godly and learned Bishops, and many o­ther worthy Churchmen their lawful estates; but they tore up even their adored Parliaments and Re­presentatives by the roots, and pulled out those cove­nanting Lords and Commons by the ears; they turned all first to Pre [...]bytery, next to Independency, and at last to Anarchy.

Yet did not this gentle Libeller or D.B. all that time accuse any of those sons of Belial with the least spot of blasphemy, although they were no great Bigots or observers of the Covenant, in any sense loyal, religious, or lawful, but as swine trampled all under their feet, onely they still corresponded with this Libeller, and the Chicken under his wings, D.c. Burges, so far as to make good the bad purchase of Bishops and other [Page 27] Church lands, which he had made. All this while the most prodigious Violaters, bafflers, and scorners of his Sacred Covenant, were so far from blasphemers, that they were Saints, and in D. B's white book he owned them for Parliaments, Reprisentatives, and Supreme Powers, when he was to acquaint them and the world with his lamentable case, as to his purchase, which still stuck in the bryars, and pulled some wool from the back of the black sheep.

§. Who is not content with Dr. Gaudens Caution and Indulgence, formerly interpreting, and soberly resoving the Covenant into such a sense, A sober & just sense o [...] the Covenant will [...]t serve D. B's turn. as onely can be just and lawful in it self; also most according to the peace of the Nation, and composure of all honest mens minds, who are engaged by all moral and in­dispensible ties, long before this Covenant was hatched, to keep their oathes and vows to God and the King, agreeable to Gods Word and the Laws of the Land; which are the rules of Justice, and gives to every man his due.

§. But this sober sense of the Covenant will not keep D. Burges in his Bishops lands, or Deans house, this will not keep Episcopacy out of the Church, or Bishops out of their estates; the want, use, and worth of which Government, many years miserable experi­ence hath sufficiently taught all English men, but one­ly Papists, and Purchasers of Church lands: For this is the Palladium of their Troy, this their design, who either out of Romish and Jesuitical principles, or out of Presbyterian envy, spite and pride, or out of covetous and sacrilegious projects, to make unjust and filthy gain, do so wring the Nose of the Covenant, that they would make the blood to come again; and [Page 32] so rack its joynts, by a Presbyterian, or a Politick Strappado, that they dissolve the truest strength, and moral ligaments of it; which it may well have, it [...]t be kept within the due bounds of an honest, just, and legal sense; and not stretched to the pro­portions which every Procrustes would have it, to fit his bed, and serve the turn of his lusts, either co­vetousness or ambition, disloyalty or sacriledge, An­archy or confusion.

O [...] [...] L [...]bel­lers [...].The Libellers calumny thou, as to Idolized Non-sense, was onely worthy of Dr. Gaudens smiles, and scorns; but the charge of Blasphemy must be looked upon with a more rugged and severe brow.

If it were not a mouth and pen wonted to foul Enormities. I might cry out with him in Homer, [...].’ If it were a tongue or pen that kept within the cir­cle of modesty, ingenuity, humanity, or common civili­ty, I would undertake to charm it, and exorcise that evil spirit which occasionally, and for a fit of passi­on, might possess them, by telling him, that next being guilty of blasphemy ones self, good men should be most cautious of accusing another falsly of blasphe­my: Nor may here every hot fit of passion and re­venge, which easily surprizeth cholerick tempers, and adust constitutions, serve for an excuse. Dr. Gaudens charg [...]ng D. Burges, [...] charge and B [...]asphemy [...]. a Presbyter of the Church of England, for his Scandalous and Sacrilegious pur­chasing of Church lands, contrary to the Law of God and man, was so easie, so apparent, so by himself confessed in the fact, and owned by, and all that kn [...]w him, for a crying and conclamated case, that [Page 33] it did not deserve such a black and odious retortion from his Factor this Libeller, as to charge Dr. Gauden with no less then blasphemy, of which no sober man ever suspected him to be guilty; nor would Dr. Gauden ever own or avow it in any degree, which Dr. Burges doth, as to his sacrilegious purchase, who hath brass enough to bring it in o dispute, and vent his unhappy Paradox, That what, he confesseth, all the godly and learned World ever esteemed Sacriledge, yet is to him as a new and great Rabbi, or C [...]banist, no sin: He can, like the Psyllae, and other N [...]groes in Afryca, feed upon, and thrive with such Vipers and Serpents flesh: Neither the irreligion, nor oppression, nor the in­justice, troubles his Ostrich stomack, either as taking those Estates from God and the Church, or from par­ticular worthy Bishops, and other Church-men, with­out any Law; yea, against all Law: For a tempo­rary Order of the two Houses of Parliament (even in their full and free constitution) cannot lawfully de­prive any man of his free-hold lands or goods, and this without any legal Tryal. For this is the case, as Dr. Burges to his great grief and terror well knows, though he vapours much; and so doth his Brave, this Libeller, who is as valiant as an hungry Greek, and will venture at any thing, that he may but still feed, though upon the Priests Portion, the Churches Patri­mony; robbing Father and Mother, and wiping his mouth as the Harlot, with, What evil have I done? If I have not done what is just, yet I did what was profitable, and I am now in prudence to do what is necessary, scelera sceleribus tueri, to maintain sin with sin, and to turn godliness into gain, though I lose my soul into the bargain.

Dr. Gauden [...].But to return more strictly to my Accuser of Blasphemy, my great Diabolus and Sycophant, this [...]anting I [...]eller, and the Daemon that possesseth him: O evil and unclean Spirit, who ever thou art, where­ever [...] ▪ whence soever thou comest, whither­so [...] [...] to City and Countrey, to London o [...] what Church, or Church Lands, or Church m [...] [...] in [...]est devour; whether thou feed­est [...]pon Crown or Church Lands, upon the flesh of [...] W [...]ether thou devourest the houses and honors of wid [...]ows, maids, or Wives: Whether thou be [...]st b [...]l [...] bub or beelphegor, a Spirit of luxury or covet [...]sn [...]ss, for wantonness or wealth: Whe­ther thou savourest of a Renegado Presbyterian, or a rambling Independent, or a sorry Quaker, or a grand Apo [...]tate from Epi copacy, or an utter Antagonist to all [...]: W [...]ether thou art nothing, or all things, as t [...]e [...]de [...]cri es, and wind turns, know, to the en­crease of thy terror and torment, That there is so Potent a Defeniative and Firmament against thee in an upright heart, and an unspotted life, in a just and ge­nerous soul, that owns and adores with all humble reverence, the glorious Majestie, and infinite perfecti­ons of the blessed God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, as they are manifested in the holy Word (besides the power, wisdom, and harmony of their works) that no violent and malicious imputation of blasphemy can be fastned upon Dr Gaudens actions, words, or wri­tings; none of which have hitherto (beyond com­mon infirmities) been any infamy to his person, or re­proach to his Profession, as a Christian or a Minister: For which he may boldly appeal to all that know him, if it were needful so far to counterpoise the [Page 35] calumny of a vile and obscure Libeller, with the testimony of persons of honour and honesty.

But possibly the impudence of this Accuser dares not as Lucifer, ascend so high, as to charge Dr. Gauden with blasphemy in the rank and highest sense,Whe [...]er the Libeller means bla [...]phem [...] in a [...] er sense against Superi­ors. which is a presumptuous reproach, or wilful diminution of the glorious attributes of Gods Name, at the proof of which he no where offers. It may be he takes blasphemy in a lower sense, as a reproaching those that are Supreme in power, though not in d [...]e Authority: And this because, forsooth, Dr. Gauden, doth not, did not flatter every prevalent faction, or comply with every patch or party, or fag end, or tail, or rump of tumultuated, bafled and over-awed Parliaments: Nor yet suffer his sheaf to bow down to novel, par­tial and byassed Assemblies; as if they were the grand and sole Dictators, yea, Reformers of our Church and Religion, beyond all former Synods and Convocations; or as if we had no Soveraign but the armed Arbitra­tors of our lives, liberties and estates, who sought to make the glory of the Nation and Church of England, which was ever Regal and Episcopal since it was Christian, truckle under a Scotch Canopy, and to make Bishops to crib in a Presbyterian trundle­bed; as much as Kingly Majestie, to be confounded with Democracy.

§. 'Tis true, the freedom of Dr. Gaudens tongue and pen hath been such, that saving his civility as a man, and his charity as a Christian, which he owns and studies to pay to all mens persons, friends and ene­mies (even to this miserable Libeller, if he knows him;) He hates and dares reprove open sins of Re­bellion, [Page 36] Perjury, Sacriledge, and gross Injustice, in the great, and many, in the most powerful, popular and prospect [...], a [...] well as the poor, mean and mi­serable.

[...] Dr. Gaudens [...] a­gainst [...].D. Gaudens stile, wounds and slays the fattest, as well as the lea [...]st: he spared not the Army, the Judges and Destroyers of the King; he hath fought with Beasts at [...]yh u [...], and encountred the fat Bulls of Ba­san, such as Dr. Burges, and other Sacrilegious pur­chasers of Church Lands, contrary to Gods and mans Laws: yea, and contrary to the Kings both conscience and commands; highly to the injury of the dead as well as the oppression and impoverishing o [...] the living many reverend Bishops and other ex­cellent Clergy-men in all the Church of England: Dr. Gauden he fears not to attacque the most speci­ous Hypocrites, and formal Pretenders to Religion, Reformation, Sanctity and Inspiration, when their cruel and unjust actions, confute their pretensions: As they do with a witness, when they are sacrilegi­ous against God and his Church, trayterous and re­bellious against the King; when they are by their covetousness, ambition, contentiousness, envy and malice, the noon-day scandals to the Christian name, and reformed profe [...]sion, as men, or Ministers of any degree and order.

[...]. Dr. Gaudens high esteem of Parliaments and Convocations▪ in their legal and honorable consti­tution, is so sufficiently discovered to the World in his Writings, late and long since; particularly in that Sermon of his preached at S. Pauls, called Medi­castri, or slight Healers, which so offended C.B. and those ( [...]) Corrosives or canker of Church [Page 37] and State, that none can qu [...]stion it, but such a pal­try Libeller as this, to whose palate all Dr. Gaudens Writings seem to be like Rat [...]bane: he no sooner tastes them, but he surfits and swells, and is ready to break in sunder with despite and malice.

If to blame those that are blameworthy, whose unrighteous decrees, vile and abhorred actions, full of cruelty and confusion, expose them to the detesta­tion of God and man; whose shame no names of Parliaments, or Assemblies, or Saints, or Supreme Power, can hide and palliate: If to resist such to their face, as S. Paul did S. Peter, as occasion of­fers, and either duty to God, or charity to the Church and his Countrey do binde and command; if this be blasphemy, Dr. Gauden is willingly, yea ambitiously guilty of it, not as one that delights to speak evil of Dignities, lawfully and truly such; but while others flatter the most indign Usurpations, Dr. Gauden dis­covers their Indignities; making their Authors and Abettors the objects of Gods and all good mens just indignation; while they make tumults and lies their refuge, neither fearing God, nor reverencing man; insolcncing the honour and fredom of Parliaments, deluding and oppressing the people, destroying the King, and deforming the Church, abolishing our an­cient Laws, and excellent Constitutions in Church and State, to set up their novel factions.

§. If to assert the clear, moral, just and immuta­ble rules of conscience; the lavvful and onely bonds of mens thoughts, desires, vvords, oathes, vovvs, co­venants, and actions, namely the Word of God, the rules of right Reason or common honesty, and the Lavvs of the Land, vvhich are the measures of Civil [Page 39] Justice, if this be blasphemy: If to perstringe and sharply rebuke with all Ministerial authority (yet humble and discreetly) the base Policies, and inju­rious practises of an Adulterous generation, of a sacrilegious crue▪ and God-robbing faction; who make w [...]y for the interests of their factions, and for their private honors or estates; by threatning, imprisoning, and at last murthering their King; [...]y extirpating all his Royal Posterity, by spoiling learn­ed and holy Bishops, with many other excellent Church men; by forcing Parliaments, like Plants set in hot beds, to do what they list; by overthrow­ing all things Civil and Sacred: If to speak evil of these evil deeds and doers, whose folly is manifest to all true men: If this be blasphemy, Dr. Gauden doth not depre [...]ate that imputation, but glories in it, as S. Paul did in serving God that way which some called Heresie.

§. If to state the Covenant in so candid and Chri­stian a sort, as to allow all that is in any moral and honest sense lawful, just and good in it; as being within the power of men, as Christians and Subjects, freely to profess or oblige themselves to in Gods name, as consistent with the Laws of God, and the Land: It to pare off all that is dangerously inter­preted or ath [...]ed by some mens superstition: and to give a benign sense of what is dubious: If to ab­solve men from what shall appear to be factiously, sa­crilegiously, or in [...]uriously intended, imposed, pra­ctised or urged by some mens partial and peevish Spi­rits: If seeking to draw fairly all English Protestants to true Piety, constant Loyalty, Ecclesiastical Ʋnity, Holy Order, mutual Charity, and civil Peace, be any [Page 38] blaspheming of God, or the King, or true Religion; or (indeed) of the Covenant it self (so much over­cryed up by some either more subtil or silly men; as if like the Sun at noon day, its lights ecclipsed, yea, extinguished all other lawful and precedent Oathes of Allegiance and Supremacy, of Civil and Ecclesia­stical obedience; and absolved men from that duty, justice and charity which they owe to all men:) If this be Blasphemy in the Libellers sense, truly it is such as cannot justly be blamed by any good Christians, prudent Ministers, or loyal Subjects: But onely by such bold Cavillers, and calumniators, as have some further fish to fry; and some faction still to foment, under some affected, rigid, unjust, and invalid sense, which they must affix to the Covenant, in order to promote the private and partial interests of some men; whose fear, guilt and shame for past actions, make them fly to this Asylum of the Covenant, as if it were the onely Sanctuary for malefactors.

§. If not to purchase Bishops and other Church lands (where no man had commission or permission from God, the King, the Law, or the Possessors) to sell them; nor indeed any just cause to alienate them: If to maintain ( [...]) an irreconcileable war against all sacrilegious practices, whiles yet he prays for the persons: If to pitty the folly, and contemn the knavery of such Purchasers, who were so greedy of great pennyworths, as not to regard the bad, the no little they had for their security: If this be blasphe­my, it is more commendable and useful for the pub­lique good, than ever this Libellers frensie, or D. B's zeal for such a Reformation as may hedge in his [Page 40] Church Lands to his private furtunes; or at least help him to some good Composition; that so he may no [...] too mu [...]h [...]rn [...] sinceri [...], and singe his feathers, or [...] and consume his nest, by his sacrilegious ad­ventures.

[...].§. If these ways of Dr. Gaudens expressing him­self by word and deed; by preaching and writing, be his Idolized Non-sense and Blasphemy, no doubt, (like the foolishness of S Pauls preaching, and the weakness of his presence) it will tend more to Gods glory, the Kings Honour, the Churches Peace, and all good Christians satisfaction, then all the Facti­ous Conspiracies, and Libellers Rhapsodies of this A­natomist; who dare not appear or shew his face to the World, lest he should discredit and confute his Libellous Pamphlets by the scandal of his looks, and infamy of his person; which addes as little to the repute of any cause he undertakes, as Satan doth to the honour of the Scripture, when he cites it; or the name of Pontius Pilate doth to the authority of the Creed.

Nor is it in the power of any such sacrilegious Apo­states, and rebellious children, as this Libeller appears to be lay his scorning the Church of England, and dis­daining to own her as a Mother, or to pitty her in her late trials and Afflictions upon earth; because Hieru­salem from above, whence the Truth, Light and Sa­viour of the Church descended, is the Mother of us all; It is not, I say, within the reach of his tongue or pen to fasten any such, as ridiculous as false, impu­tation of nonsense and blasphemy upon a person whose conversation and doctrine have by the grace of God [Page 41] been as free from the spot or suspicion of such great offences, as are Idolatry, Sacriledge, Blasphemy, Si­mony, Rebellion, putid flattery, and Ec [...]bolian incon­stancy, as some men have been guilty of all these, and void of all modesty, ingenuity, sense of honor, loyalty, real sanctity, generous constancy, and com­mon honesty; lurking as serpents or evil beasts in secret places; and though unseen, yet assaulting with the sting and poyson of blasphemy; whereof nothing is proved either against the blessed God, Creator, Savio [...]r and Sanctifier; or against the ho­ly Scriptures, or against the Church of God, or a­gainst any part f his Worship, or any holy duty, grace and vertue; no not against any counsels, acti­ons or authority of lawful Superiors; or against any honest man, who keeps within the bounds of Gods law, and the Laws of this Church and Kingdom.

§. Where then O wretched Libellist is Dr. Gaudens D [...]. Gaudens inn [...]ce [...]cy. blasphemy! Is not this venemous beast, which out of the flames of malice, burning in a sacrilegious breast seeks to fasten upon his hand, as easily shaken off without any hurt into the fire whence it come, as that viper which was seized on S. Pauls; and by his mi­raculous indemnity manifested his innocency, to the a­mazement of his conserious spectators; Alas these impotent endeavours of enraged wickedness, and sa­crilegious dispair, are like the (ultinti conatus mori­entium ferarum) last bitings of those beasts, whose revenge consists onely in making their teeth meet, though they fasten upon steel and break their jaws; when the Dragon saw his time was short, he sought to make it up in the vehemency of his rage against the Church; upon earth no doubt, described as a [Page 42] woman too, and so may (as F [...]e) very properly be called the Mother of all the living in a spiritual new life, which are born of the Word of God and his Spi­rit, and brought up in that holy family, and nourish­ed by the breast of this Spouse of Christ: At which holy allusion this impudent Libeller makes himself as much prophane sport, P [...] [...]. as Ishmael did when he mocked Isaac, being justly ashamed to own that Church as a Mother, which as an ungracious and ungrateful wretch, he hath not only forsaken and scorned, but wasted and rebl [...]ed as much as in him lay of her support, ornaments, of her honor [...] government and authority: Perhaps this learned Etymologist fan­cying, that Hierusalem, which he own as a mother only above, hath its name from his [...], which signifies Sacriledge.

§. But [...]inding by the gracious revolutions of Di­vine mercy the Church of England to be in a fair was to be recovered out of the hands of Sacrilegious H [...]bbers; the poor Libellist and his friends are now concerned to cry out amam of blasphemy against Dr. Gauden, as a constant son, and dutiful assertor of the Church of England, and a no less severe and smart, then just and implicable tormentor of impeni­tent Sacrilegius and Apostates.

§. Who are not content to sin and sneak, but they must boast and vapour, and strut and challenge all the better world, as if they could justifie their sin and folly, against the suffrages of all mankind, Hea­thens and Christians, Reformists and Romanists, as the illustrious Dr. Burges Dr. Burges his [...] of Sacriledge no [...]. hath done to his eternal in­fame, fancying that he hath drawn streighter [...]ines, and fairer figures with his black coal, in order to take [Page 43] away the Hell [...]sh deformity, or to put on some tin­cture and fucu [...] of beauty, on the ugly face of sacri­ledge, then all the great Masters of Learning, Elo­quence, and Religion have in all ages been able to do, by way of describing how unjust, how odious, how ingrate, how impudent, how abominable to God, how detestable to good men; how unworthy o any man, much more of any Christian and Reformed, that facinorous crime of wilful and presumptuous sa­crilege is; which openly mocks God, and affronts Re­ligion; which against all Law, robs the true Church, inju [...]es the chief Bishops and Pastors of it, and dis­c [...]ura [...]eth all true Professors, prostituting all that is sacred [...]o Atheism and Prophaneness; which no man can scrup [...]e, who hath learned this Paradox, That to alienate by force, without any Law or consent of the Patron, and Proprietors, or Possessors, either the King or the Clergy, those lands, houses and goods which have been lawfully dedicated, long confirm­ed, and well used to the glory of God, and the good of his Church; (that God may be duly wor­shipped and served; and his Church, both Pastors and people, duly maintained in good order and go­vernment:) That this is no sin, though against Law and Justice; and no sacriledge, though manifestly against the peculiar rights of God and the Church, and that double honour which is due to the Teach­ers and Governors of it; and lastly, against the credit of both Christian and Reformed Religi­on.

§. For none of all which great interests, those Gallio's are concerned, who with this Libeller and his dear D. Burges, having imbarqued in a sacrilegi­ous [Page 44] bottom: and having had for some years fair gales to flatter them, had rather make an eternal Shipwrack, like Hymenem and Alexander, of faith and good conscience, yea, [...]f Church and State, of King and Clergy, then make just restitution to God, the King, and the Church.

§. The rendition and loss of which ill-gotten Estates, will teach those Merchants more wit and ho­nesty hereafter, though they have less money to ven­ture upon, not crazy or crackt titles, but appar [...]ntly null and void, as against all Laws of God and the Land; whose Equity, Sanctity and Antiquity are not to be battled or abolished by any temporary Ordi­nance of Parliament, in any broken Constitution: much less when either leavened with faction and no­velty; or ruffled by tumults, or over-awed or abet­ted by forreign Armies, or sifted and scattered by any factious artifices and parties; who had no lawful power or authority in them, either from God or man, to deprive any one honest man, much less so many learned, reverend and unblameable Church­men, yea, the whole Order, Policy and Fraternity of the Clergy, of their Lands and Estates, no way evicted or forfeited by any Law.

The [...] D [...]. and [...] L [...]ller may kno [...] thou the members of men [...].§. The numbers of men doth not lessen their sin nor their punishment: What may befal one man, either as to sin or sorrow, may reach Societies, Sy­nods, Houses of Parliament, and whole Churches; which are subject to Apostasies in Religion, to De­pravedness in Opinion, and to Partiality in Practice; by which if they be as any time as men, surprized and seized, the onely way of happiness is, to repent and amend; to make personal and publique restituti­on, [Page 45] to return to their first love, and to strengthen the things that remain; which hath been the pious care and endeavour of this last happy Parliament, rendring to Caesar the things that are Caesars, and to God, the things that are Gods: That this Church and Nation hitherto kept, as to its Parliamentary honour and sanctity, from the great offences, may be ever free from Regicide, Sacriledge and Apostacy, (for nei­ther any full and free Parliament, consisting of King, Lords and Commons; nor yet any National Convoca­tion or Synod, have ever counselled, contrived, ac­complished, or approved any of those horrid abomi­nations, which have so long, like the Deluge, over­flowed and prevailed over the highest mountains:) But now (blessed be God) they are not only asswaged, but the dry Land appears; yea, our Noah and his Family, the Father and Conservator of our British world, and of these Reformed Churches, is come out of the Ark, and hath taken just possession of his Kingdoms and Dominions; for whom even this Li­beller dares (page 13.) faintly and hypocritically to pray; mentioning His Majestie with a superficial by-blow of devotion; when (God knows) the Kings re­stauration was as unwelcome to such sacrilegious spi­rits, as Christs coming was to the Legion Devils in the Gospel; of whom they had a just jealousie, that he came to torment them before their time.

§. Which fear His Majesties native, and almost ex­cessive clemencyGods and his Majesties cle­mency should lead to repen­tance. hath hitherto abated and confuted; yea, is prone always so to do, if he can but see any such s [...]ns of penitence in his and the Churches Enemies, as may bring forth fruits of justice and righteousness, of restitution and amendment; which fruits are as [Page 46] hardly t [...] be expected from presumptuous Sacrilegists, such a [...] this Libeller and his D. Burges seem [...]o be, as figs are from thorns, or grapes from thi [...]tler; since they by [...]ar [...]etent fancy and fallacy, sev [...]n to expect a like improvement of the Covenant by an unlawful and unjust sense; Page 1 [...]. in which it seems they took it first, and still hold it, for the extirpation of Bishops, and keeping them and other Clergy men from their estates, as far better minded men have at last made of it, in part of their Loyalty for promoting the Kings happy Restauration: Which sense of that branch of the [...] ­venant, is [...]s just, honest and conform to out English Oathes, and Laws of God and the [...]nd; as the o­ther of sacrilegious exterpating Bishops and Episcopacy, as to their pri [...]tine, primitive and due a [...]th [...]rity, in order to keep away their Land, and Estates from them and the Clergy, is most unjust, uncatholick, un­c [...]ristian; contrary to piety and comm [...]n [...]q [...]ity, a­gainst the Laws and Oathes of God and man, speci­ally of the English Clergy; a plea and proj [...]t [...] one­ly to be sollicited by a Chaplain of Julians the Ap state; and a person publiquely branded as void of common honesty; who forgetting that [...]d [...]st sinning is some diminution of guilt, and some pr [...]tage of repentance, Absalom-like, on the house top, must spread his tent; and under the [...]overt of [...]he Covenant (which is too narrow to hide or protect the sin and shame of either sacriledge, or schesm, or rebellion) to discover his Fathers, the bishops nakedness, as much as in him lies, and to prostitute his Mother, the Church of England, to his own and other mens sacrilegious and unsatiable lusts.

§. But I am weary of the kennel and filth of the Title,The Libeller a d [...]oncile and thong. wherein this Borborites afterwards takes so much delight to wallow, and puls along with him into the same obscenity D. Burges, a person whom ma­ny hands have oft in vain washed, yea, and brayed in morters, if it were possible to part him from the folly of his versatile, vola ile, and violent temper, be­ing, as he so proposeth, a learned Scholar, a great Di­vine▪ an eloquent Orator, and an acute Disputant (as appeared at Oxford, when keeping his Act to make C.B. D. B. Dr. Frideaux gave him this Elogie, Pro­fecto mi fili tu praedicare potes disputare non potes;) besides these, he thinks himself a potent Writer, till he meet with the gentle lash; and is beyond all his other vertues, a rich and bold purchaser of Bishops and other Church Lands. Which prodigious practice of a Presbyter, who stood by Law and Oath engaged to Bishops, he seeks with a like affront to maintain; and fancying himself to be the Brontes or Boanerges of his age, he lets fly his brutish thunderbolts and flashes of lightning, against the faces of any that like not his many faced way of living. In his minority (which he holds now for his years of indiscretion) he was highly and sharply engaged against Non-conformists, wrote smartly and truly for Bishops, yea, and for cere­monies, was Hierarchical, Antisectical, a stout Pluralist; yea, and I have heard of one of that name,The val [...]ur a [...]d vertue of D. [...]. who offered by a Symoniack proposal to the Earl of Cleve­land, a 1000 li. for a Living, then actually void, and in his Lordships gift; as his Lordship hath twice assured me: For which scandal his Honor refused to admit him to be his Confessor or Comforter; when be­ing Prisoner to the Earl of Essex, and very sick, this [Page 48] penny-Father was brought and commended to him as [...] [...]ather-Confessor, to his Lordships laughter, and just reproach of his confidence, to obtrude himself to that office, when he had offered to swallow Simony and the Oath to boot: Nor was one of like letters and manners wanting to tamper and importune with an­other (the Earl of Barkeshire) for the grant of some preferment from the King then at Oxford; when this militant Presbyter, though ambitious to be a Dean or Bishop, preached and trained men stoutly against the King. The Earl amazed at the Effronteries of the motion, demanded upon what score, he that so destinately opposed the Kings interest, should have con­fidence to desire any favour of preferment from His Majestie? The wily Doctor replied, my Lord, I can and will do the King more service by continuing in the Parliaments Quarters, and seeming to be against Him, then if I were with him: Which servile hypocri­sie the Earl easily believed to be in the man, and ac­cordingly valued D. B. and his influence.

D. B. [...] [...]acri­ledge and hi [...] [...] of [...].§. After all these noble Essays (the Libellers darl­ing) finding the Kings and Churches affairs to be very low, and as he thought irrecoverable; he thought to make up his defeat of undeserved preferment in some advantagious purchase of Bishops Lands, and Cathedral houses; which finding to be sold at Ro­binhood: penny-worths (many times, both sellers and buyers being conscious to the flaws in the titles, and illegality of such alienations) he doubles his great loan-money, and fills up the measure of his sins by such a Sacrilege, though with a wry and reluctant con­science, as he intimates in his case, which he was not [Page 49] ashamed to tell the world, yea and appeal to some of those spurious Parliaments, which he hoped would easily be invited to adopt his Cause as their own; but here he lost his time and oyl, for they had other fish to fry.

Yet by an indefatigable improbity of diligence, work­ing wickedness with both hands greedily, this snail drawing in his horns a little for fear, and concealing his name, adventured to put out only C. B. D. D. for the authorising of his pamphlet, called, No Sacri­ledge, no sin, because he perceived the critical di­stempers of the times, then beginning to work to­ward purgation and health were likely to abhor any thing the more to which his name was prefixed; all honest men being weary and ashamed of the horrid diseases, and worser remedies of our Church & State, of which this Montebanck and circulator had been a great and unhappy part: Other Readers as well as Dr. Gauden might have much mistaken those ill omina­ting letters of C. B. D. D. and taken them to stand for Creticus Borborites, or some Caesar Borgia, with the ad­ditionals of Doeg and Demetrius: If the worthy Cor­nelius Burges Doctor of Divinity had not with a rail­ing letter sent that book to Dr. Gauden, as the Libel­ler (one of his privadoes it seems) truly affirms, pag 9.

§. That filthy Letter (with Judas the Traytor and theif.) went to its proper place: But Dr. Gau­d [...]n presently prepared an answer to that wretched Pamphlet, which he found as full of magisterial im­pudencies, fallacies, and impertinencies, as beggars are of vermine, such trash and trumpery indeed, as is only fit to wrap up that desperate and damnable [Page 42] paradox, of Sacriledge no sin. But Dr. Gauden find­ing C. B. to bear himself meerly upon event and power, as if all had been lawful in the alienating of B [...]s [...]op Deans and Chapters lands, because their of­fi [...] we [...]e pro tempore during the violent storm of Wa [...], and desolating delusions, of times exautorated [...] listed: and [...]oping that ere long that paltry [...] Pamphlet would be confuted from Heaven and upon earth, by the Justice and mercy of God and y [...]d men, he thought it lost labour to print and [...] fo [...] it, when it had indeed no seem­ing, [...] grounds of Gods Word and right Reason, being wholly against the consent of all Nati­ [...] as well as against [...]he principles of all true Religi­on and pr [...]ctises of all just and holy men particularly against the laws of this Land, and consent or cu­sto [...] of th [...] or any Christian Church; as also against the suffrages of all learned Lawyers, as well as god­ly [...] of whatever perswasion and differences in other things: Nor did Dr. Gauden think himself bound to consider what such a poor mushroom as C.B. pretends against such cedars.

[...].§. Nor hath Dr. Gaudens hopes (blessed be God) deceived him; those mercies of the most high God which [...]h [...]re for ever have much visited this robbed and a [...]f [...]icted Church and Kingdom; and though we have not as we ought repented of our sins, yet God hath repented him of the evils he hath inflected, return­ing in loving kindness to the King, the Church, the King­dom, the Nobility, the Clergy, the Gentry, and all loy­al people: who are all disposed now to confute such pestilent Pamphlets, not in words but in deeds, lea­ving the Law to its power, the Church to recover its [Page 43] patrimony, and the Clergy to enjoy their properties; which 1. the devout wills, the just and pious inten­tions of the Donors now dead, 2. The clear word of God commanding, approving and accepting, 3. The consent of all Christian Kings and Parlia­ments, 4. The fundamental Laws of the land, do make good to them, beyond what any such skulk­ing Scribler can disprove, by ought to be pleaded from the pittiful and oft repeated crambe of his Or­dinances of the two Houses, or their abolishing of the Offices of Bishops, Deans, &c. which C. B. pre­sumes of; all which reasons, if valid by meer force against justice and conscience, against the laws of God and man, would also hold good against the King and House of Lords, for both were by some of D.B's Ma­sters abolished, as useless, dangerous, and pernicious: yea, and the like desolating violence might have taken as much place against the Glebes, and Tythes, and Imployment of all Presbyters, as against the Lands and Offices of the Bishops, Deans and Prebends, if the Bar­bonistick Conventicles, and other abjuring Juncto's of desperate men, had, under the names of Acts and Ordinances of Parliament, abolished (as they intend­ed, all Ministery and Ministers of the Church of Eng­land of all degrees.

§. A Jesuitical project cruel and cunning, carried on by Fanatick hands and furies; and as near to have taken effect (which C.B. D.D. well knows) as the Gun­powder Treason once was: For there wanted not bar­erls of powder, nor Fauxes with their dark lanthorns and matches, nor trayterous plotters and conjuring, yea, and covenanting, to perfect (as Feak and others have-told us,) this last work of thorough Refor­mation: [Page 52] Which taking away the use and Office of any ordained [...]arochial Ministers, as well as Bi [...]hops and Cathedral M niste [...], who are much anci [...]nter then the other, [...]ght justly in D. Burges judgement and ar­gument▪ have taken away, alienated, sold and confis­cat [...] all the Gl [...]be [...], Tythes, and Church Livings in England; of which possibly C. B. might have had ot [...]er good bargains, wi hout being put to a new plea: for what woold serve for one, would also justi­fie the other, so long as the club and the sword was ab [...] the Law, and Justice, or Common Ho­nesty.

But at last C.B. D.D. is beaten out of the pit.The [...]. And however he have good mettal, yea, and hopes for another bush ng Bout: yet as Cocks of the game are dispir [...]l [...]d by the sent of garlick eaten by their rivals; so he cannot bear the name of King and Parliament happily united. This sadly presuges Bishops and Episcopacy, this betokens a Church with order and government, defended by law and justice, that eve­ry one may have their own: This threatens not to make sacriledge a sin, but to own it as a sin of the first magnitude; at once breaking both Tables of [...]od [...] Law, and violating both Gods and mans right, yea, robbing the best, most useful, and most de­serving of mankinde; for so godly Bishops and o­ther Minister [...] have been, [...]. and ought to be.

And now C.B.D.D. flies (as guilty Joab to the horns of the Altar) to the Asylum of the Covenant: And putting this Anonymus Libeller in the front, he fol­lowing in the rear, makes a foul, dishonourable, and shameful battery (yet unseen) upon Dr. Gaudens [Page 53] Analysis, his good name, his person, his writings, and whatever he thinks exposed to the strokes of impotent malice, that he may be avenged on Dr. Gauden, for his just rebuke of D. B's Sacriledge.

§. They cry aloud, O the Covenant, O the sacred Covenant, that did such wonders of old, that began the spoiling of goodly Churches, the sad ruines of our famous Cathedrals, that like the smell of brimstone, made all the Bishops, Deans, Prebends and Cathedral-men to forsake their hives: This stripped those idle drones, as D. B. calls them, of their Estates and Honours; such as were the Primate of Armagh, Bi­shop Morton, Bishop Hall, Bishop Westfield, Bishop Browning, Bishop Prideaux, Bishop Winniffs, and many others either dead, or still living, and (by a wonderful mercy) surviving both their own miseries, and their adversaries malice.

§. But D. B. (as he saith of himself) hath laboured more abundantly then them all; that is, to purchase and preserve to himself these Bishops lands: For doubtless, if he had had money enough, he would have dealt for all by wholesale, an [...] not by retail, they were such opulent and sweet penyworths.

§. Now, If the Covenant help not the poor Libeller and his dear Amico D. B. they are half undone: If this be soberly interpreted, and justly stated, as in law and conscience it ought to be, bot [...] in taking and keeping it, Actum est, perimus; fare [...]el fat Sacrile­g [...]sts, you will become Pharaohs lean kine again: If Dr. Gauden reconcile the Covenant to Episcopacy, that is, to that Order, and Authority, and Govern­ment in the Church of England, which Catholick [Page 46] antiquity used, the best Churches and Christians ever approved, which the Laws of this Church and State ever o [...]ned and settled in their rights and im­munitie [...]; which the Christian Kings of England ever swore to maintain; which was so much valued by the last King of Martyrli [...] Honour, and blessed Memo­ry, wh [...]se example is most admirable, for his love and constancy to the Church; for his patience in in­finite affliction [...]; for his charity to his cruel Enemies, who condemned him, and cut him in pieces, in order to possess themselves of the Crown and Church Revenues.

§. If Dr. Gauden as a bold Adventurer, makes this g [...]d, as all Justice, Honour and Religion must do, That the Covenant doth as much oppose all Injustice, S [...]h [...]sm, S [...]riledge and factious Superstition (which calls and counts good evil, and evil good) as it seemed to do Prela [...]y and Popery so far as they may be exor­bitant from Christian bounds: If Episcopacy joyned with Presbytery, that is, Bishops attended, advised and assisted by some ch [...]ice, grave Presbyters, duly subordinate and inferiour to them, as to that prece­dency of Order, and eminency of Authority, which are a [...] necessary for the Churches Polity and Ecclesi­astical Government, as they are in Cities and Armies, or any civil Jurisdictions: If these be buoyed up a­gain▪ and their estates, as the other part of double honour due to them, restored to Bishops and their chief Counsellor [...], in the Assessors, and Cathedrals, thi [...] Libeller and D. B. with all their projects, pur­chases▪ [...]lan [...]s and Libels, must sink, as if a milstone were about their necks, and they cast into the sea.

§. To prevent this Abusses of poverty, Why [...] Libel [...]er so [...]ad against Dr. Gau [...]en an [...] h s Ana­ [...]s [...]. contempt and confusion, all the arts and engines of unholy Oratory, and hypocritical Zealotry, are to be set on work by the Libeller and D. B. They know that Dr. Gaudens pen, tongue, and spirit are not easily damped or re­sisted in a good cause (and other he will not under­take: H s free and inaffec [...]ed stile must be se [...]rilously despised, though they cannot imitate it: his Writings not confutable by such Soph [...]sters, must be blast­ed with their stinking breath, with imputation of Idolized non-sense, and tedious extravag [...]n­cies, and bitter railings, and lying impertinen [...]ies, yea, of blasphemy; yet will not all this dirt infect a jewel, though it foul the hands that cast it: Nor can the Li­beller or D. B. hope hereby either to weaken Dr. Gaudens honor, or to raise the credit of the Cove­nant by his sense, and to his vile designs.

§. For the Covenant will not swim, but sink under such a burthen as they charge it with; if it be fraight­ed with high injustice, with presumptuous sacriledge, abetting of schism; if it be crammed with supersti­tion, and charged with a sense every way as illegal and irreligious, as it is injurious to honest men, and to the Church and Kingdom, [...]ea, to our God and Sa­viour: Which sense nothing but either fraud or force can hope to put upon the Covenant; which must cease to be sacred and holy, if [...]t be unjust: So far as it will not admit of any just meaning, or honest interpreta­tion, or righteous execution, it must be null. In Gods name, and with the Covenants good favour, let right be done to God, to the Church, and to the whole Nation; the King, the Bishops, the Clergy, the Ca­thedrals, the people, and the poor of the Land, all cry [Page 56] for instice to be done in so grand and publike a case: For they are all highly concerned in conscience, honor, peace, plenty and prosperity, that this Church have its ancient Government by godly Bishops, and other Clergy-men; that these may have the estates, lands, and houses which former piety and gratitude endow­ed them with, beyond all alienation without their Kings and the Proprietors consent; for the support of their Ministery, Authority and Honor, for the exercise of hospitality and Charity, and for the encouragement of Learning and Religion in this Nation; that the Church of England may not want such Fathers and chief Sheepherds of Christs flock, who are worthy to rule; nor the Nation of England such examples of Mi­nisters, no less imitable for their holy lives and good works, then for their being Preachers of sound Do­ctrine, and learned Champions of the Divine truth; in which no Church heretofore exceeded England, nor any Divines went beyond our excellent Bishops, and others of the Episcopal communion.

D. [...]. [...] if the Co [...]e­nant [...] and [...].If this just, heroick, kingly, and Christian Refor­mation and Restitution, without the Covenants pro­hibition or unjust stop of it, be once fully brought to pass, as we hope it will, D. B. and his Amanuensis, the pittiful Libeller, may take eggs for their money, and retire from his Palace in We [...]s to S. Magnus, or Wat­ford again, if he can get either one or both of them; or possibly he may ingenuously repent, and fully re­store, and to deserve to enjoy that estate as a Bishop, with a better title and conscience then ever his Li­belling Advocate▪ or any of his own sweaty pleas, will help him to; which offers were the probablest tempta­tion [Page 57] to bring the good man to a recantation of his er­rors, to a fixation of his judgement,Make D. B. a Bi hop a [...]d he will recant. to a purgation of his conscience, to some reparation of his credit, and fortunes too, and to some reconciliation with Dr. Gauden, with whose name the witty Libeller seeks to make the sad D. B. merry, as if there were gandium as well as gaudy in the name; when alas manet alta mente repostum, the anxious D. B. feels at his very heart those (lethales arundines) arrows and wounds which Dr. Gauden first gave him between the joynts of his armour, when he strutted his strength, when he thought his sacrilegio [...]s purchase was safe, and no man durst have laid at him, no more then at a Whale or Leviathan; while he thought himself guar­ded like Goliah, not only with the Covenant, but with Ordinances of two Houses; in the strength and confidence of which, this dowty champion for aliena­ting Church lands, brings forth his plea for Sacriledge like the Giants spear, which seemed a Weavers beans, before all Israe [...], that he might defie all Bishops, and all Episcopal Divines, yea and all Episcopa [...]y that should pretend to challenge his lands and purchases, with any claim of right, or any suspicion of Sacri­ledge: but he may sooner slip out of his skin, as Worms, Snakes and other old Serpents are wont to do, than free himself from that foul blot and con­tagion, which without repentance and restitution will ever cleave to his person, pretending to be a Schollar, a Minister and a Doctor; yea and may be a gangreen to his other estate, as well as a grief to his innocent posterity; To prevent which Dr. Gau­dens charity presented to D.B. his sin and presumpti­on in point of Sacriledge; in revenge of which this [Page 58] Libeller is to be his Armor-bearer, and with the shield of the Covenant D. B. hopes not only to cover his sin, but also to smother and oppress the honor of Dr. Gauden.

[...]. [...]. But I have done with the filth of this Libellers Title▪ of Idolized nonsense and blasphemy, which he imputed to Dr. Gauden and his Analysis; how justly let the reader judge: yea I appeal to the supream Judge who sees this Anatomist in his secret hidings, and malicious hardnings, yea and will reward him o­penly. If he had been an ingenuous Adversary, that had wrote a book of just reproof against me or my opinion, to which he had the courage to put his name (as Mr. Zach-Crafton, though none of the most fragrant and renowned doth) I would have bound it as a crown to me; but for such a sculking Anato­mi [...]t, to cut and slash with his butcherly knife, to tear and bite with his foul teeth, and yet to keep himself unseen, this deserves as different treatment as an open enemy and a secret traytor, or as those viler vermine, which prov in the night, but dare not (as more ingenuous beasts) be seen in the day. [...]. But this hiding himself doth manifest how inseparable a shadow s [...]ame i [...] from notorious sins: That men who are most impious can hardly be so impudent as not sometime to seek to recruit their bankrupt credit, and releive their soar consciences, by concealing of their names, (as the theif and Adulterer, who wait for twilight and darknest) and when they cannot forbear to do villa­no [...] things, yet they are loth to appear so vile as in­deed they are, and must be esteemed of all honest men if once discovered.

§. The next work of Dr. Gauden is to examine the glorious Epithete which he ascribes to the Cove­nant, Of the Libel­ler▪ stiling the Covenant sa­cred with an [...]. calling it by way of emphasis that Sacred Cove­nant, &c.

My design is not rudely to depreciate or disgrace the Covenant, so far as it hath any thing in it (and many it hath) that may justly be counted or called sacred, by reason of their seeming moral and materi­al conformity to the will and word of God, and to the laws of the land. God forbid I should call good evil, or evil good, (or reject all that is good out of a jea­lousie of evil;) Nor do I deny that the Covenant considered materially, hath many things and words in it which do pretend to holiness, and much profess the power of godliness, however some factious Sophisters may pervert them: As all the parts of Scripture are sacred in themselves, as to the scope and design, or historical truth, though they may be first spoken, and after alledged or applied amiss by evil men and devils, with a design rather execrable then sacred.

Perhaps this Libeller (who may justly bear the title of Sacerrimus) understands the word sacred here as it is used by the Poet, Auri sacra fames, the sacred love of money, because covetous Idolaters so highly a­dore it; and possibly in this sence the Covenant may be by him stiled sacred, as a utensil now very servient to his execrable design, which is to keep out Bishops from their just Offices, Dignities and Lands, that he and his dear D. B. may keep their sacred pur­chases inviolable; presuming that an Ordinance of the Two Houses in such distempers of times, ought to be a sempiternal sanctuary, more sacred and inviolable to such sacrilegious bargains, and their Purchasors [Page 60] more sacred, then all the wills of the Donors now de [...]d, or the former Laws of the land, or the word of God, can be to the ancient and rightful Proprietors of the [...] C [...]urch lands. Can any thing deserve to be called [...] holy f [...]rther then it i [...] just and righte­ou [...], [...] giv [...]ng to God and man what is their due?

[...] the first [...]ontri [...]ers of the Covenant, or the [...] of it▪ or the easie takers had sacred [...] and intentions, I leave to God to judge; but [...] viol [...]nt, unjust and cruel methods used [...] in executing of their sacred Covenant, [...] not reformation of so many learned, god­ly [...] inno [...]nt persons, Bishops, and other Ministers; [...] to the [...] overthrowing and extirpating, as [...] lay of sacred, ancient and venerable E­p [...] [...] self, as it had been, and still was by all law [...] [...] and civil established in the Church [...], and in all the Christian world, for the [...] the onely Catholick Government of the [...] And all this in order to bring in▪ though by head and shoulders the novelty of an headless Pres­byters, and the many headed monster Independency; doubtless th [...]se projects and practices promoted up­on the account of the Covenant, do little add to its [...], and make it appear no way meriting the sing [...]lar epithet of sacred, in so peculiar, emphatick and superlative a sense as this Libeller affixeth it, meerly to scare his silly, or scrupulous▪ or superstitions readers from any thoughts of such sense and keeping of the Covenant, as is and ought to be reconcileable with a regular Episcopal Government, also to that duty which they owe to God and the King, to the Church and its ancient lawful Government.

The restoring of which, according to the good Laws of this Church and Kingdom, also according to the best pattern of [...]hrists Church in all ages, agree­able to Gods Word, and the rules of all order, po­lity and justice, as it ought to be one end of the Co­venant if holy and just; so this cunning Libeller fore­sees it will be much to the prejudice of himself, and his dear D.B. who tis probable have but one purse and one heart.

§. Hence it is (O ye Ephesians) that this Demetrian A [...]tist crys so loud, O the Covenant! O the sacred Co­venant, O that, that most sacred Covenant! O what a goddess? what a Diana is this new found Image, which of late fell from the Northern climate, and those colder parts of heaven, into the English world, in a black cloud full of storms and thunder.

§. That the world may see this Wolf uncased of such sheeps cloathing, as pretends to any thing sacred in his sense and design, which would seek to shelter its wickedness under the title of that sacred Covenant; It will not be a miss to shew the Reader, yea and the well-meaning covenanter, the true import of this sophi­stry, which as formally ad [...]s the title Sacred to the Covenant, as some Bigots do that of Holiness to the Pope of Rome. Not but it must be confessed that many Bishops of Rome have been very holy men; but some flatterers have not feared or blushed to give that highest and divin [...]st honor to such as have been most flagitious in the confession of many lear­ned and sober Romanists.

§. In like sort,Of the Co­venant a [...] cal­led sacred by the Libeller. that many things in the Covenant may have the stamp and signature of Sacred on them, and that many Covenanters might be sacred things [Page 62] as to their intents, when they took it, is not in cha­rity to be denyed: nor will I envy the Covenant, this title of Sacred, redu [...]tive or consequentially, so far a [...] every lawful promise, vow or oath may be holy, and [...]ught to be so especially when Gods holy name is sol [...]mnly invocated; and when such Promises are lawfully made, and by lawful means performed, ac­cording to that lawful matter contained in them, and lawful meaning▪ to which all things sacred are confi­ned by the rules of Justice and Godliness, the law of God and man.

§. But [...]ertainly the title of sacred in such a mag­nificence and latitude as this Libeller vapours (as if the Covenant, further then it may contain in it words and things, capable of honest, just and religious sense) were eminently a sacred thing, in respect of Gods special Institution and appointment of it; as if the most holy God had by his most holy Spirit inspired it, by his wisdom composed it, or by his special authority in his word expresly imposed it, so as he did of old the Law, the two Sacraments, and other holy rites and duties of his worship and service; in this religious sense (which the Libeller would insinuate) the covenant wa [...] not sacred; no not in a civil sense, as things may be called sacred (quia legibus sancita) because by Laws established; As the Church Catholick is ho­ly, which never was without Episcopal Order and Au­thority▪ so the Majesty of the King is eminently sacred, yea and that authority which is from him derived to inferiour Magistrates and Ministers; whom to despise or repro [...]ch, or injure is esteemed to curse the Gods; that is to esteem and use persons sacred by laws of God and man, as if they were execrable and abomi­nable.

§. It is beyond all doubt that the Covenant, as to its method and composure, as to its authority and imposure, had no such sacredness in it as we call pro­perly and intrinsecally divine and religious, which consists in those beams of holiness, which any thing hath either derivatively from God, or relatively to him, by vertue of his own special appointment and command.

§. If it were of such previous sacred institution and necessary use, it must either be expresly contained in Gods word, or by some miraculous operations confir­med to be his sacred will; neither of which can with any semblance of truth be affirmed of the Covenant. Alas many of its first contrivers, composers and impo­sers, with its most zealous takers, by this time know themselves to be but men, and some of them not very sacred: If it were sacred by such an antecedent authority and institution from God; it would be a sin not to have taken it long ago; which I beleeve no man ever feared to be guilty of, or made any con­science to repent of his refusing to take it; nor are any covenanters so rigid as to fancy that any man sinned against God, because he in conscience or al­legiance scrupled or denied to take it; no, the great fear lay in taking it, especially as some men list to interpret it; and the next fear of sin is in keeping it, in that sense which some would now understand it, which is most unjust and uncharitable, and so cannot be sacred, no nor civil.

§. Add to this, even in a civil sense of the word Sacred, the Covenant deserves not that title, be­cause it was never invented, imposed or confirmed by the supream, legal, royal, and legislative Parliamen­tary [Page 64] power of this Nation, which doubtless in the on­ly sacred and binding authority in a civil or politique sense.

§ How then the Covenant came to be so signally consecrated I know not, as to any Divine or Humane authority; I am sure it had no Bishops to contrive or consecrate it in the House of Lord, nor any natio­nal, sacred Synod: To say it is consequentially and interpretative sacred, by way of its matter, end, and use conform to the word of God, and as the name of God is stamped upon i [...] amounts to little more, then that sacredness, which is in every honest mans word or oath, as he is tied by moral obligations to truth and justice, which are m [...]ch ancienter bonds then the Covenant; and for the name of God graven upon it, it doth not make any vow, promise, oath or Cove­nant sacred, further then it is materially and morally good, both in its first taking, and after keeping. But it is a prophaning of Gods holy name, when it is added by way of conjuring or conspiracy, to any purpose or compa [...]ts, that are unlawful, either for matter or man­ner, having no command from God or man, nay contrary to the declared will of both.

§. 'Tis certain the Covenant hath some passages in it, which in some mens sense never came into the minde of God, nor are in his Word either expresly, or by just consequence; as that grand and principal one, of extirpating Prela [...]y, that is Archbishops, Bishops, &c. If it he meant of the degrees and orders of such Go­vernours, as have b e [...] so long used and useful in the Church of Christ, even from the primitive times, and from the Apostolike both pattern and succession, no wise and just man can allow it; because it is no­vel [Page 65] and factious, prejudicial to truth and justice, to the order and honor of this, and all ancient Churches, who were governed by the eminent authority of Bishops: but if it be meant onely to take away the Luxuriancies and Abuses; to prime off t [...] excesses and supply the defects incident to E [...]lesi [...]cal Go­vernment; or to be found in that juncture and [...]ons [...] ­stution, or the administration which was in England no wise and good man will oppose the efficacy of the Covenant, in ways either sacred or civil, such as become good Christians, and good Subjects: yea no men are more forward in this then good Bishops, and the best Episcopal Divines; who have not upon them any such good of the Scotch Covenant, as it is destructive to regular Episcopacy; but they have far more an­cient, evident, and eminent motives to their duty from the holy Laws of God and man; which are able to keep men holy, without any super ligation of this or other sacred Covenant; which some sacrilegious Apostates are prone to reproach by their magnifying it, in order to their private, covetous, and factious designs; which when more prevalent in England, did very little advance Gods knows, either the holi­ness or happiness of any honest man; no more then they did the piety, peace, or prosperity of either this Church or State.

§. And for such spotted Libellers, who cry out of the sacred Covenant, and count all blasphemy, that invalidates their Titles to Church lands, or invert and obstruct their designs, for Anarchy and confusion in Church and State; they are no more to be regarded, for the specious or odious words they list to use, then [Page 66] Satan [...] when [...] turns himself into the form of an [...] of [...]got, and turns Preacher; or then the El­de [...] of that City were, when they cryed out of Na­boths bla [...]pheming [...] the Accusers of Christ, who laid Bla [...]hemy [...] to his charge; or the murtherers of [...] of glorious memory, for his constancy, [...] to this Church and Kingdom, [...] that s [...]perlative impudenc [...] in their Trea­ [...] [...] Mur [...]her, as to call them elves the Saints and [...].

[...] prodigious Libeller and his Abettors, [...], then what they have gain­ [...] [...] the dry-fats of some such modern [...] [...]athe [...], Engagements, and Abjura­ [...]ation [...] th [...]ght most conduced to their unjust [...] so far undoubtedly destitute of any [...] Authority s [...]e they and their Engage­ment [...] such an holiness as will bring them [...] Nor is the design of these farther, then [...] palitations and pretences of Sacred­ [...] [...] [...]ous bargains, on which they have [...] [...]nd wickedly adventured: for which [...] the Co [...]nant cryed up as sacred, and so [...] and keenness against all the right of [...] and honour, will be a great Abet­ [...] wh [...]n all other pro [...]ects fail, and as leaves after a [...] will [...]ll to the ground.

[...].§. If this high vindicator of the Covenant, for so sacred a business, be himself so holy a person, as is fit to assert any thing that is holy; it is strange he con­ceal [...] the honor of his name, and the authority of his person, when he engageth so high as to cry out of [Page 67] Dr. Gaudens blasphemy: Sure he needed not to have hidden himself in so good and great a cause, wherein his zeal, though mixt with indiscretion, might have made him appear a very holy man: but it seems he had not impudence enough to shew his evil fac [...], nor courage to own his scandalous name; conscious to the unwelcome horror of it, which is capable to blast any thing that he crys up as sacred: Therefore he useth these cowardly Rhodomontado [...] of words, to amaze the silly Readers of his silly An [...]tomy; which is a work worthy of C. B. Caesar Borgia, son to Al [...]ander the sixth; both of them as Gui [...]ardine tels us, Borbo­ritae, monsters of men, wallowing Swine in the mire of sensuality, Simony, Sa [...]ril [...]g C [...]etousness Cruelty, and all manner of [...] [...]ven [...]hou when one gloried to b [...] his Holi [...]ss the [...] [...] head of the Church, T [...]e other to b [...] th [...] [...] that is, Son of so [...]red [...] Father, neither [...]f the [...] [...] to advance the repute of [...] they cryed [...]p f [...]r holy or sa [...]red, any more then the Libeller [...] to promote that [...]acred Co [...]en [...]nt, and his execrable, that is, his sacrilegious ends thereby.

§. I shall not be sollicitou [...] to finde out his name who dares not own him [...]elf in the defence of a sa [...]red thing, and against blasph [...]m [...]. I presume he is vir trium li­terarum, or nullius nominis as to any thing of true honour and worth; and so his person is better b [...]ried in eternal obscurity, then discovered by an uns [...]asona­able curiosity; which would utt [...]rly blast all Sacredness in the Covenant, no less, then in his profession, espe­cially if he be of the same sacred gown with his dear C. E. the Letters of whose name are so oft graven [Page 68] upon [...] of the Covenant; which is onely dread­ [...] [...] head of Non-sense and Blasphemy, [...] w [...]i [...]h swell [...] wi [...]h gre [...] terror and [...] the Read [...]r, [...]o [...]iting out Idolized [...] [...]sphemy together wi [...]h that sa [...]red Co­ [...] [...] Juglers do stones, and knives, [...] yet no [...]n can well discern how they [...]. Nay, like the Devil of Masson, this [...], [...]kes foul stir, and hideous noise, yet is not to [...] onely heard sometimes to cry out with a dis [...] [...]mour; other while to laugh with profuse and [...]word [...]achinuation [...], though no sorrow is sad­de [...] on th [...] De [...]ils and hypocrites mirth; at last he left a [...] sent, and filled the room with sul­ [...]ue c [...]lations.

[...]. [...] doth this invisible Libeller, of whom Dr. [...] [...]ad no less scruple in point of making any re­ [...] [...] having any conference with him, then some had of their speaking to those Ghosts and Spectors which appeared in their houses: with whom the re­ [...]en [...] Bi [...]op of Hall (whose very name (of all Bishops) t [...]e spirit of Asm [...]cus, in this Libeller most abhors and [...]) adviseth not to have any parley; because be iudgeth those Apparitions to be but the Devils illu­sions, a d that there is no hope, either to do them good, or get go [...]d from them, by any discourse with them.

[...]. In like sort for some weeks (having much other and better employment) Dr. Gauden thought it his wisest was to follow the command of King Hezekiah, by which he defeated the real blasphemies and rail­ings of Rabs [...]akeh, by not answering him a word; it [Page 69] being sufficient reply to such Diaboletto [...]s, in the Archangels words, The Lord rebuke them: Many sober persons judged it below the conspiently and lustre of Dr. Gaudens name, to encounter with such an Ʋmbra, such a Goblin and Larva; who lurking in m [...]st de­served obscurity, shoots out hi [...] bitter arrows, to the wounding (if it were in the power of his impotent m [...] ­lice) of not onely Dr. Gaudens credit, but of all the Church of England, of all the l [...]ned, godly and reve­rend Bishops; of the King, that was cruelly and scorn­fully put to death, to make way for purchasers of Crown and Chruch lands; yea, to the reproach even of God himself, and his blessed Name; as if it did by meer charm consecrate all those projects, confedera­cies, fashions and practices, yea, and purchases too, which list to wrap themselves up in the covert of a sacred Covenant: Which can never be further sacred, then as it keeps within bounds of Gods and mans Laws; which are just and holy, forbidding to do any evil, though good should come thereby.

§. To be sure, that injurious and sacrilegious sense which his Libeller intends to put upon the Covenant, The Covenant cann [...]t be [...]o­ly, [...] or [...]ac [...]ed [...]. will render it rather execrable then sacred; and so must every Covenanter be to God and all good m [...]n, who under colour of the Covenant, shall persevere in any way which is unjust; taking or detaining from any honest man, that which by Gods and mans Laws is his, notwithstanding the Remaining Lords and Com­mons in the two Houses, and the Scotch Commis­sioners, yea, and the Assembly (all sacred no doubt, though without the authority and consent of his Sa­cred Majestie) did take that Covenant, Sept. 11. 1643.

[...]. Which was consecrated by the swords and pistols of some Souldiers, who being first pregnant with some prodigious Reformation, fell into such monstrous long­ings afterward, as were not to be satisfied, without they de [...]oure [...] not onely the lands and houses of the Cr [...]wn and the Church; but also the liberties, lives, [...] [...]nors both of the King [...] and Bishops of England, who were generally persons s [...]n m [...]nt for all excel­len [...]ies befitting Princes and Prelates, that few men in any age exceeded or equalled them; yet were they fought to be utterly ruined and extirpated, both their E [...]tates, persons, F [...]nctions and [...]uccession [...] by some men, who h [...]d personally taken, and at first zealously p [...]oted this [...]acred Covenant: These were the pious impo [...]ers of Bishops first, and then the Kings of England▪ these were gracious purchasers of Crown and Chur [...] lands, the holy extirpaters of Monarchy [...] out of this Kingdom and Church.

[...]. O th [...] exc [...]rabl Libeller, who ever thou art [...] were not th [...]se in Pat [...]ns for your c [...]use, and desired Advo [...]tes for the Client D E. had they n [...]t gained much sacred influence, by lying so directly under the Aspect of this sacred Covenant? Were they no [...] blessed [...]rmer [...] Are they not still in a very just ch [...]ritable and holy temper, when they are impatient, and cry out of non sense, yea Idolized, yea, and [...]l [...]phemy too, i [...] any man [...]k in order to publique peace, to reconcile the Covenant by so candid and benign a sense of it, as may in charity be believed, and ought in piety and equity to be contained in it, if it be valid and binding of any mans conscience: since no man can be bound by any contrived form of words, under the [Page 71] name of Vow, or Oath, or League, or Sacred Covenant, contrary to his duty to God, the King, the Countrey, the Church, and the Laws under which he lives, or in prejudice, and to the injury of any one honest mans rights; much less against so many, as the Bishops and other Church men were; yea, against the very [...]uncti­on, Office, Authority, Order, and Degree of Bi­shops, in such a sense and use as [...] was observed in the Church of Christ.

[...]. Yet no sense of the Covenant will serve the Li­bellers turn and D. B's. but such, which to the reproach and prejudice of God and his Church, and of this Nation, to the scandal and contempt of our Religi­on and Reformation, may enable and encourage them themselves so to act and persist, as obliged by their sa­cred Covenant, to make a further execrable havock of this Church; and to keep those sacrilegious pur­chases they have made, contrary to all right and rea­son; all civil Justice and Religion, all Laws of God and man.

§. Who will hereafter call or account the Covenant Sacred, when he shall read it so stiled by such an exe­crable Libeller and D. B. who was first a very keen ad­versary against the Scots, when they first reemed this Covenant, and brought it forth as Jupiter did Pallas, compleatly armed: O how did his Copes-mate D. B. then bite and tear the poor Scots. After, when he found they had an influence on the two Houses of Par­liament and Assembly; how did he lick them whole with his tongue? O the glory of the Covenant! how sacred, how venerable must it needs appear, when such a Libeller and D. B. assert it? when D. B's well [Page 72] known ambition, never scrupled to have been made a bishop, though he had no worth or merit fit for it; till by an unhappy fate be plunged himself into a great purchase of Bishops lands, which to preserve, he is driven in his greatest agonies and despairs to fly, as Ʋl [...] did to Ajax his shield, for protection to the Covenant; which (if it be indeed sacred, suffici­ently tells all Sacrilegious purchasers of Crown and Church lands, against all law and justice; that pro­tection is not in it for any such ungodly and unjust practices: That the Covenant as sacred, could not and did not, ought not to intend any thing to the preju­dice and injury of Venerable Episcopacy; neither to the lands, liberties, honors, or lives of any Bishops, if legally good men, nor if morally bad, further then so convicted by Law, and lawful authority. A de­formed or diseased vicious man, must not by a Physici­an he destroyed, under pretence to correct or cure him; nor may any Judge condemn him, as to his just and civil rights, because of his sinful infirmities, which the Law hath not yet condemned.

The [...].This mitigated and just sense of the Covenant, some that were, and are great Masters in our Israel, and Assertors of the Covenant, are now content to own; abating that rigor which sometime possessed some Covenanters against Episcopacy in that sense, wherein this and most other Churches ever owned and used Episcopal Government and Authority among, and above Presbyters.

§. Yea, many of them begin to cast a favourable eye on Episcopal Dignity, no less then on Church lands, fearing nothing so much, as not to have a share [Page 73] of them; much congratulating, as the Kings happy restauration; so the hopes of recovering the pristine honour and Government, with the revenues and rights of the Church in point of Episcopacy; not in the fal­lacy of a Presbyterian p [...]rity, but of a presidential con­stant eminency of Bishops, in authority above Presby­tery, such as St. Jerome affirms to be necessary, to avoid schisms, factions and confusions in all Churches.

§. Which pious, prudent and just resolution, car­ried on by King, Lords and Commons happily united, will be best able to declare and state that sense of the Covenant, which onely can be lawful just and honest: And therein to reconcile all good men, beyond any sense that the partiality and novelty of others seek to urge and impose, contrary to our Laws and common Justice; which ought not to cancel, but confirm the Catholick customs of the Church; also the pious do­nations of the dead, and the just fruitions of the living.

§. There is nothing which Dr. Gauden desires and endeavours more, then the peace of Church and State; nor can he expect to see either of them sin­cerely settled, till justice be done to God, the King, and the Church; nor are these likely to be effected to a lasting security, until these two things be done and declared in Parliament, by King,Two things worthy the Kings and Par­liaments de­claration. Lords and Com­mons:

1. First, That all alienating of Church lands, with­out the consent of King, Lords, Commons, and the Clergy in possession, is sacriledg, that is, a sin of an high nature, and justly abominated by this Christian Church and Nation.

[Page 74]2. Secondly, That the Covenant was either not to be taken, as it is not to be kept in any other sense, then what is agreeable to the Laws of God and men, to Justice and Charity: That not any National Authority, which the Covenant never had, but onely the matter in it so far as is lawful, doth binde any man who took it, yea, and so all that never did take it: Thus the Sceptical and superstitious Disputers, and sacrilegious urge [...] of the Covenant may be silenced; and the just limits of it may be stated, even as to the point of lawful Episcopacy; wherein all sober mindes may agree, not for the validity or bond of the Covenant, but for the higher obligations which Reason and Religion, Piety and Prudence, justice to man, and regard to the Church of Christ have upon their consciences: That the Covenant may not be made the grindstone or milstone to waste or sink venerable Episcopacy, and undo good Bishops; nor yet a footstool or ladder to help Presbytery or Independency again into the saddle of mis-government, first of the Church, then of the State; which hath evidently appeared to be the design of all Factious and Ambitious Novel­ties.

§. As for this Libeller and his Abbettors, (such as D. B. qui iram at (que) animos a crimine sumunt) who con­scious to the enormity of their actions, are pertina­cious to screw up the Covenant to such rigors, as are destitute of any justice from Gods or mans Laws, one­ly to abet the sacriledge of their purchases; or to fo­ment their further factious projects of subduing this Church of England; that is, debasing and deforming it to other forreign patterns, which are far below its [Page 75] former beauty, and present constitucion: these are best left to the enjoyment of such fruits as the Laws will allot to their Sacrilegious Sin, Folly, and Rash­ness.

§. If the Covenant be Sacred, The Cove­nant against Presbytery as Schism and Superstition. and must binde to that latitude of sense which any list to stretch the letter of it; I wonder how those that urge it so fiercely against Prelacy and Bishops as chief, can be free and absolved as to their Presbytery or Independen­cy, which is Presbytery ravelled, or in rags; against both which they covenanted under the names of Schism and Superstition; since both Presbytery and In­dependency (apart from Episcopal Presidency and Authority) are most signally to be branded with these characters; both of them being Schisms: both in an Ecclesiastical sense, because factious varyings or ren­dings from conformity, with this and all ancient Churches: Also in a civil sense, as violent deviatives from the settled laws and constitutions of this Church and State.

§. Nor are they less guilty of Superstition: Affir­mative, by imposing such things as necessary in Church Government, and Christian communion, which God hath not made or declared to be so; such as are lay-ruling Elders parity among Presbyters; a Church-Covenant, besides Christian owning of their Baptism and confession of their Faith in confirmation: And Negativè, Superstitious they are, in denying those things to be lawful or indifferent, which God hath so left in his Word, under the liberty, authority and wisdom of his Church, to judge of, use and impose as such.

[...]§. If they are guilty of Idolized N [...] sens [...] and blasphemy again [...] the sacred Covenant, who will not suffer themselves, yea, this whole Church and King­dom to be hampered or snared by any word in it, or aff [...]xed to it, contrary to right reason, settled Laws, and sound religion, to which Dr. Gauden seeks to confine the Covenant, and reduce all Covenan­ters that are consciencious; what must b [...] the sin and supr [...] folly of those men, who seek to recon­cile contradiction [...], to justifie immoralities and im­pose novelties; to abet schisms, and to assert meer Sola [...]s in Church and State by the Covenant. Swearing allegiance to the King as supream; yet making Laws without him, and imposing Covenants upon him and his Subjects, against his and their consciences? vowing to extirpate Prelacy as esta­blished by Law, yet owning Episcopacy as a primi­tive, Apostolick and catholick Government in the Church; engaging against all Schisms and Supersti­tion, yet strongly abetting Presbytery and Indepen­dency, apart from all authoritative Episcopacy; be­ing both of them highly guilty of those rendings of both Church and State into factious parties; also of those popular and novel impositions, upon the con­sciences of the Kings Subjects and good Christians, which no Word of God, nor practice of any pri­mitive Churches, nor laws of this Church or State do require; arising from such arbitrary fancies, as in licentious times seemed most probable to advance the interests of mens covetous and ambitious pro­ject [...], as they could strengthen their several parties and factions.

§. Thus some covenanters The last pro­ [...]e [...] [...] Covenanters. who at first professed [Page 77] they aimed at nothing but an ingenuous and orderly reduction of Episcopal government, to its primitive, legal and just bounds, so far as it was b [...] [...] man permitted by them in their place [...] protesting that they covenanted only [...] [...] ariancies and deficiencies, not the [...] orderly presidency, or due aut [...]ority of [...] afterward, as success smiled upon [...] [...] bins of their Covenant was strongly an [...] [...] set for Presbytery; by all means they were to set it up, and to malleate the Church of England (which was as well constituted and reformed as any in the world) in Doctrine, Discipline and Government, to the Kirk and Presbyterian mode in Scotland, as a most rare and unique pattern; when even there the Covenant was indeed but an untimely birth of yesterday, an abor­tive brought forth by force, contrary to the for­mer excellent, legal constitutions of that Church, which were Episcopal.

§. Thus while the tide of times ran high for Pres­bytery, P [...]s [...]t [...]ry [...] of [...] [...]nant b [...]o [...]. there was no hoc, but the pristine order, ho­nor, and liberty of the Church of England must in all hast write after such new copies as were blotted with the blots of civil bloodshed, and other tumul­tuary spots, which are not the spots of God's Church and children: the two Houses, the Assembly, the Clergy, the King and all must dance after that foraign pipe, which plaid to the new tune of Bishopless, or Anti­episcopal Presbytery, without abolishing of which, some men well knew Church lands could not be got­ten, which they so greedily gaped for.The aba [...]e­ment of t [...]e Co [...]enante a heat as to Presbytery.

§. When the heat and petulancy of this popular Presbyterian spirit began to cool, and by overboyl­ing [Page 78] to quench it self, sober people of all ranck [...] having enough of the vapour and flourish, and too much of the pragmaticalness and impertinency of peity Pre [...]byters, either in their single or Parochial u­surpations, or in their more politick but illegal asso­ciations; then they began to chew over the Covenant again, to see if it were more digestible in a softer sense then rigid and imperious Presbytery had dicta­ted; And because Episcopacy was still under great prejudices, not only by the ambitious envy of its ri­vals, the ruling or usurping Presbyters, but also by the injurious sellers and buyers of Bishops and other Church-mens lands; many covenanters rather cun­ing then consciencious, broached new sences of their Covenant, making it consistent with any degree of Independency, yea with utter Anarchy in Church and State, in order to set up, as they pretended, the King­dom of Jesus, upon the ruines of Episcopacy and Pres­bytery too.

§. Yea there wanted not those whose Vane sophistry found out limits and solutions for their sworn loyalty, in the words of the covenan [...]; as binding them no further to preserve the Kings life and honor, then in his preservation of true Religion, in their opinion; if he confirm [...]d not to what they fancied the true reli­gion, under any sceptick, novel and scraphick form, Adieu Allegiance, they are absolved by the Cove­nant; the King is contrary to the godly party, and the interest of Jesus Christ; he is a persecutor and a Tyrant; he may be imprisoned, deposed, destroyed, even by some such covenanters, whether of the Pres­byterian or Independent leaven; who made the Co­venant, not the Law of God or the Land, the limi­ter [Page 79] of their Allegiance, and the circumscriber, the overthrower of the Kings power, both Ecclesi [...]stical and civil, that by the ruine of the Kings and Bishops Palaces, they might build their cottages to a greater strength and conspicuity.

§. Thus was this sacred Covenant made serviceable to the most execrable actions that everthe sun beheld, both for King-killing, and Church robbing; for Regicide and Sacriledge, together with all that deluge of hy­pocrisie and vilany which must needs flow in upon any Nation where such principles of Anarchy and practices of Rebellion shall seem consecrated even by a sacred Covenant; contrary (as I beleive in charity) to the intents of most of those that first invented, im­posed it and took it, as a godly farrago full of good words and specious phrases, which admitted and ex­pressed such limitations by the word of God, and the Laws of the Land, to mens duties in their places and callings, also to the measures of true Religion, and bounds of good conscience, that many in the simplicity of their souls no doubt took it, without any evil thought against the King; the Church, the Laws, the liberties of this Nation; nor yet against the just rights of Bishops or any honest man; contrary to which holy bounds and rules of Justice, to affirm, that no man could with good conscience otherways covenant or act, is that Idolized nonsense and blasphemy, with which the infamous and Anonymus Libeller dares to charge Dr. Gauden, as a depraver or desecrator of that sacred Covenant, with which that Sacrilegious Scribler is so highly taken, because he fancies it may yet serve his and D. B's. turn at a dead lift, and save that stake and venture they have in Church lands, [Page 80] which will signifie very little, if Bishops be restored to their just rights, against which no Covenant could be honestly taken, or may justly bind.

§. Dr. Gauden professeth, that as no honest man ought by an imposed or spontaneous covenanting, to engage himself or others to the prejudice of God or man, contrary to his duty to either, or to the dimi­nution of what is lawful just and right, either in publick or private; which position is as full of good sense, and as far from blasphemy, as the Libeller and D. B. are from modesty and common honesty, who would make the C [...]enant a snare to sin, and a bond to iniquity, yet cry it up for sacred; So Dr. Gaudens Analysis, Solution or Resolution of the Covenant, to such a sence as is suitable to a good conscience, either in taking or keeping it, is far from bosting or blaspheming any thing, that may be sacred in it, because consonant to Gods word, and those moral duties, religious and civil, of piety, Justice and charity, by which all men, and Christians above all are obliged, and from which no power on earth can, or in heaven will absolve them.

The pow [...] [...].§. As to the authority, composing, and imposing of the Covenant, Dr. Gauden affirms it was not le­gal and compleat; nor had it a civilly sacred or le­gislative power; consequently the Covenant hath not vi [...] legis, nor may be esteemed as a National Vow or Ingagement, not binding all men in their proxios or persons, much less in their posterities, no more then the publick Faith did which was oft and solemnly a­vowed by these Covenanters, but never performed nor will be till Doomsday.

§. The Church and Nation was happy and free [Page 81] before it, and without it; it being no command of God or institution of Christ, or necessary ingredient in Religion, or catholick custom of this or any other Church of Christ, nor any fundamental law or con­stitution either sacred or civil, but a meer novelty, and illegality, as to the polity and piety of this Church and State. Yea taking the Covenant in its publick aspect, and as to those factions and designs to which it served some men for a while, it was full of the factions, forces, terrors and jealousies of those most unhappy times, for which the invention and appli­cation of the Covenant, proved no antidote or plai­ster to remedy or allay the distempers in Church and State, but was rather a means to fire, inflame, and exasperate them even so far, till the very first Au­thors and Abettors of the Covenant, were more then once smitten, wounded, destroyed, defeated, and at last wholly subdued, even by their Covenanting brethren, whose Ambition, quickly made this so sacred Covenant, an Almanack out of date.

§. If any man have yet a scruple and jealousie, that what ever defects as to civil Authority were in the Covenant, Of the religi­ous bond in the Covenant yet being a Vow or Oath made to God, it is binding, though it were private and spontaneous; Tis true, it doth bind, so far as it is in our power and freedome to make and keep such a bond, God is not to be mocked; but mens Vows, where lawful, must be performed. On the other side, God is not to be mocked, either by making rash and unlawful Vows, or by keeping them when so made; For they bind the taker to nothing but the breaking of them, and repenting for them; so soon as they discern the falsity, fraud, impiety, unequality and injustice in them, [Page 83] they are absolved from them, as much as David was from that resolution be took,O [...]. as the Lord lived, to de [...]troy Nabal and his Family, by a military disdain and passion; yet upon Abigals prudent and humble intercession, he willingly recan [...]s, and doth not what be rashly Vowed, but blesseth God and her, for [...]erpe [...] him from being as bad as his word.

[...]. So Jezabels swearing to destroy Eliah, was bet­t [...] broke then kept; and the forty conspirators who [...] [...]mselves to kill Paul under a curse of vo­ [...] famine; if any men bind themselves by [...] Sacrament to do or conceal things that [...] [...]ce [...]ful, Treasonable and injust, as the Pow­ [...] [...]tors did, they ought not to keep those Co­ve [...] ▪ but reveal and break them. Yea, this w [...]e Church and Nation, with it's Parliament and Con [...]ocation, as in Queen Marys days, fal­ [...]ng [...] Apostacy from the Reformed Religion and engaging themselves by solemn penance and absoluti­on, to the Romish superstition, and Papal subjection, yet did well, upon better information, in Queen Eliza­beths reign, to break that yoak, and retract that recognition, by a pious levity, and holy Apostacy, which flies from Idolatrous superstition, to the pri­mitive pure and reformed Religion.

§. As all wise and just men ought well to consider what they do in such eases of Vowing, Swearing, and Covenanting, Cove [...] [...]. either private or publique; weighing all words, and publiquely declaring their meaning, as to any words, that may have by their obscurity or ambiguity, any just grounds of jealousie in them, as servient to mens lusts and passions, contrary to law and Religion, (which some did even in this Co­venant, [Page 82] declaring they neither could not would own it further then it might consist with their duty to God, the King, the Church and their Country;) So if well meaning men be drawn in by the ari [...]sieo [...] or terrors of others, under specious forms of good words, to such verbal Ingagements, as afteward are made use of for real snares to sin and cords of iniquity, in pursuance of which, they must do, or desire, or consent to, or endeavour things violent, unjust, dis­loyal, injurious and irreligious; doutbless their se­cond and better thoughts ought to retain, yea ab­solve them from such Covenants or Engagements, so far urged and interpreted against the rules of good conscience, and holy conversation, which must in all things be just and innocent; his first animadvertency or inconsiderateness, hath no validity or bond, much­less the bare charm of words fradulently imposed up­on him; either they must be resolved and stated to a just, righteous sense and end, or they must be dis­solved and broken like Sampsons cords and withes, when the moral, legal, and religious strength of the understanding recovers it self, and thereby redeems the conscience from such captivities, either to sin or superstition: which may in no case prejudice that liberty which a Christian soul hath by Christ, onely to do good, and to assert it self from all the servi­tudes in which its own lust, simplicity and ignorance, or the Devils subtilties and devices, or mans power and policies may have ensnared it.

§. Contrary to which solid Assertions of Dr. Gau­den, D. Gaudens s [...]e of the C [...]ve [...]nt must be assert­e [...], [...] C [...] ­ [...]en [...]t [...] ­ed. neither this trivial Libeller, with his childish bullrushes, nor yet Mr. Crafton with his more grave and solemn weapons, will be able to make any such im­pressions, [Page 84] as shall either move Dr. Gauden from his grounds of Truth and Justice; or drive on the Cove­nant to any such designs as are so far irreligious and unlawful as they are violent and unjust, either a­gainst the King or the Church; against his Majesties supremacy, or the Bishops lawful authority and Estates under him, neither of which can be managed, as becomes Regal and Episcopal power, if either the sac [...]ed authority and patrimony of the Crown, or of the Church, be alienated, and not restored (as in justice and religion, as well as prudence and honour they ought to be) upon pretended obstructions and superstitious scruples, which are insoluble and inseparable (forsooth) from some mens taking the Covenant, either simply, without due considerati­on and caution, or knavishly with design to ruine thereby the King and the Church, in order to make booty and prey of their Power and Estates.

§. Better such Covenants be broken and nulled, yea and all such Covenanters too, then the malignant influence of it, should as an evil planet or comet ever hang over this Church and State, King and people, who must not be for ever miserable, because some men list to colour over their folly and knavery, their Sacriledge and Apostacy, with the veil of that sacred Covenant taken by &c. as the Libeller relates. Which to reduce to just and honest bounds cannot be IDOLIZED NONSENSE and blasphemy, save only in the censure of a vile Libeller, and such as are worthy to march under his banner as a black guard of desperate and seared consciences, for the defence of Regicide and Sacriledge.

A view of the Cacotomy it self.

BUt I have been too long in examining the beauties of the Frontispiece, and lineaments of modesty, truth and ingenuity, which this Libeller discovers in his title: It is now time to make some inspection in­to his Cacotomy, and to see how uniform the scribler is to himself, in the whole series of his ridiculous Libel; which hath nothing so considerable it, as the frequent lustre which D. B. and once the venerable name of Dr. Burges, mentioned at length, and not in figures, do give to it, as lucid stars amidst the black and foul clouds of malice and impotent passion with which that Pamphlet is loaden; and which upon a just view of its froth and filth, can onely fall upon the hairy scalp of its Author: Whatever he is, he deserves, if he could be found, to have his face washed in the puddle he hath pissed; and to be brought to see those sedities which he hath vomited in his own bosom, to the offence of all modest spectators.

§. The first adventure of this douty Defender, or rather Defamer of the Covenant, is at a fit of wit, The Libel [...]ers first adventure to stra [...] of w [...]t. in spite [...]f Mercury and Minerva too; making himself and his Reader (like a Buffoon or Jack-pudding) a little sport or mirth, as he thinks, with the title of Dr. Gaudens Analysis, with a supercritical severity, quar­relling at the allusion to the loosing of St. Peters bonds, when he was cast into Prison, bound with chains, and kept as the English People have been many years by quaternions of Souldiers (for it was the sword of man, [Page 87] and not the Word of God, that first sought to binde the Nation and Ch [...]rch of England, with the chain of this Covenant, and of other postern outhes, e [...] ­deavouring to cast this great people into the Prisons or Pinfold [...] of Democracy, Presbyterie and Indepen­dency, which had formerly lived in the ample Palaces of Rega [...]ity and Episcopacy, from the first plantation of Ch [...]nity.

§. Here by a Sardinian laughter, this Cretian Beast feign [...] himself merry, and affects such frolicks of wit, as he thinks may must divert the Reader from severe and just disdains of his impudent folly, which is ever attended with exquisite pains of inward fears and tortures, lest Bishops lands should return to their just owners, from such sacrilegious Ʋsurpers. Nor can his many grimasses, mimical gestures and distortions, relieve this j [...]se Libeller from those torments of ini­quity and infamy, which (as Dives) he must needs feel in such an hellish state as wants both repentance and reputation, peace with God and good men.

§. The sarcastick Libeller would fain make his Rea­der believe, that nothing is good sen [...]e, which is not as flat as a flounder; that allusi [...]ns are collusions, that Me­taphors ingenuously applied, must be reduced to a literal vigor by such a pedantique Interpreter, who cannot be ignorant, that nothing is more frequent, then to borrow such expre [...]sions from holy Scripture and other books; as a Coa [...] from the Altar. Gedeons Fleece, &c. onely so far to serve the minde of the Writer, as the Emphasis of the phrase or words, may have a meet resemblance with the main design. The Libellers impertinent trifling in this first part of his Anatomy, is onely fit for the farce of a French Comedy, [Page 86] not for a preface to a case of conscience, and so sacred a concern as he pretends to make of the Covenant. Here he shews with what a Goose quill he is fit to write. Some faces are never more deformed and ridiculous then when they strive to laugh; and certainly if this Libeller had dared to have shewed his face, when he thus pleased himself with his scurrilous smiles, no grinnings of the most cacant visage would have yield­ed the world a more unwelcome aspect: The grim se­verity and dreadful blackness even of his D. B. would certainly have resolved the supercilious horror of his looks into some serenity, though he affects to be the third great Cato and Caesar of his age; the prime un­dertaker to reform the Doctrine, Liturgie, Di [...]cipline, Government and manners of the Church of England: If by any of these diversions he may divert King and Parliament from revoking Church lands, and the ma­king him understand the meaning of that old Sicilian Oracle, R.A.S.P.P. Reddite aliena, S [...]vultis possidere propria. Though the man affects to be Democritus for a fit, yet his true temper is that of Heraclitus or Ma­gor missabib, full of sadness and terour, when he sees how the day of restitution, like the day of judgement, is come upon him, and his sacrilegious comrades; who can never so dissemble his horrors, but the Reader may easily discern, that in the midst of his feigned laughter, his heart is as heavy as Nabals was, when he heard of Davids coming to be avenged of his ingra­titude. His Mammon, and not the Covenant, is the sacred thing, which this Achan, this Libeller, the trou­bler of Israel seeks to assert and keep.

The L [...]ers [...] on [...] pa [...].§. After the Libeller hath made some childish pur­suits of the bubbles and butterflies of his own fancy; he strives to appear in his more truculent stile, like Po­lyp [...]emus, when he stretched himself to grope for Ʋlysses, that he might devour him; every where gnasting his foul teeth, as if he were eating up, and not writing against Dr. Gauden.

Against whose person he is pleased to make two very learned, but most impertinent digressions, wide enough from his sacred Covenant; which was to be the umbrella or skreen under which his Sun-burnt ma­lice, and ardent revenge against Dr. Gauden was to march.

Here instead of charging Dr. Gauden with Symonie, Sacriledge, covetousness incontinency, or any such pecca­dillo's (for which he s [...]all need great apologies, and many compurgators) he vapo [...]ringly and falsly reflects upon Dr. Gauden, as if without any just ground, he had charged the Assembly with partiality in its consti­tution, because himself was shuffled out of it, who had as much right to sit there, as Dr. Burges, or any other of that Clerick lay Synod, wherein many sat as ser­vient to Presbyterie, whom Dr. Gauden knew to be firm to Episcopacy, and would now very fain be Bi­shops. The Libeller urgeth, that Dr. Gauden being beneficed at Bocking in Essex, could not be chosen for that county, where Mr. Marshal, and Mr. Newcomin, and Mr. Sedgwick were the Clerks elect, and served in that sacred Senate: Hence he concludes it to be a loud untruth (page 8.) and that he was neither chosen in Essex, nor elsewhere.

§. Thus this bold Bayard, whose blindeness makes him so bold, and his malice makes him so blinde; and his revenge against Dr. Gauden so justly perstringing his dear D. Burges for his foolish and impudent sacriledge, makes him so full of malice, that he fancies Dr. Gauden disposed to make and publish such un­truths gratis, as may easily be confuted by publique Records; that so Dr. Gauden may come under the same brand with Dr. Burges, who in a Decree of [...]han­cery, is stigmatized for a person void of common hon [...]sty.

The errour of the audacious Libeller is in this, Dr. Gauden The [...]ller [...] gr [...] or as t [...] [...]r. Gaudens Seing [...]n to the Assem­bly had then a Benefice in Cambridgeshire, not in Essex; there Sir Dudly North Knight, and Thomas Chichley Esq; did in person be speak Dr. Gauden (to­gether with Dr. Wincop) that they might nominate him for one of the Clerks of that County; which they did, with approbation of the House of Commons: Yet afterward (as those Gentlemen, and Sir Thomas Barington, with others who pursued the business, till they found the loss and errour, told Dr. Gauden) by some close Committee, who were the Scrutineers of the elect, Thomas Goodwin was put in for John Gauden; alledging this reason, That they perceived by Dr. Gaudens Sermon before the House of Commons at their first sitting, he was not for their design, the rooting up of Episcopacy, but onely for the regulating of it: They added, that if Dr. Gauden or any other made enquiry after the business, the mistake would easily be put upon the Scribe, by reason of the likeness of their names.

§. T [...]is was one of those Artifices by which the [...]ters of Pre [...]byter e was carried on in those times; [...] this Libeller and his D. Burges were [...] at least would fain seem so, that [...] with the more freedom reproach Dr. Gauden [...] were prodigal to lye and feign in so [...] as this, the sitting in [...]hat Assembly for the ext [...]p [...]ting of an excellent Liturgie, and [...]pi [...]op [...] and the introducing of an odd Directory, with a Presbyterian Catechism, and new mis-Govern­ [...]t [...] which services a sober man would most am­ [...]lly [...]d, and no man more then Dr. Gauden) which [...]le [...] in so negligent to retrive the fraud and pall [...]y of those Artists who favoured him, in tr [...]ing him of that attendance, which was as tediou [...] as servile and odious, to English Divines of generous and learned freedom; who ought not in hon ur and conscience, if a National Synod or Con­ver [...]ation, to receive dictates from any men, much less be taught a new Christ-cross row, or A. B. C. of Re­ligion, by the [...]es [...]ne of a Forreign Sword. Against which Dr. Burges at first so stoutly opposed himself, till he discerned that Offa, or sop and buccoone of a good Lecture of 4 [...] l. per annum in Pauls, and other advantagious purchases, likely to fall into his mouth by the ruine of Bishops and Episcopacy, which could not bear up against the storms of those times. Not­withstanding D. Burges himself (as yet no [...] despairing to be a Bishop by book or by crook) migh [...]ily interceded so far, as to be suspended from sitting in the Assembly by the House of Commons (as the Libeller tells his tale, page 1 [...].) for protesting against the first draught of the Covenant, which was absolutely against Episco­pacy.

§. O the blessed liberty of those times and that godly Assembly, and the then zealous House of Com­mons, which could not bear the parrhesie or free speaking of Dr. Burges his parasitick tongue; suspect­ing it seems that he was no more able to speak true English at Westminster then true Latin at Oxford. T [...]e [...].

§. Having crushed this first mushroom of the Li­bellers malice and mistake against Dr. Gauden, as to his choyce and right to have sate in that Assembly, there appears in the belly of a parenthesis (as a toad swallowed by a snake) another great scandal, charged against Dr. Gauden, for his preaching at the Temple in Term times this last year; which how far the Gen­tlemen of those Societies or Dr. Gauden have cause to be ashamed of (as the Libeller prates) must be left to the better world. This is sure that neither the Libeller nor D. B. have any cause to envy the pleasure or profit (which is the main that troubles them) of that imployment, which possibly they mistake as much as they do the value of Bocking lining; for the Temple employment at twenty five pounds a Term never defraid the charges of Dr. Gaudens attendance, whose design was not to make a gain of that service, or to cumulate, as some giants did, mountains, Wat­ford, and St. Magnus; and Pauls lecture on both, and the Bishops lands, with Dean and Prebends houses of Wells on all three; But Dr. Gaudens [...]im was, when he saw the waters troubled in that great sea of people which flows in London and Westminster, to strive to be a good Angel, and to help to the healing of this Church and Kingdom, which was wounded and sick at heart, by reason of murtherers and Church robbers, who speaking and doing lies in hypocrisie, drave on no­thing [Page 92] but private gain, and publique confusions, disho­nest purchases, and cruel oppressions.

To oppose these, Dr. Gauden (being desired by both Temples after Bishop Brownrigs decease) for a time divided his labors between City and Country, as s [...]a [...]onably, as effectually by Gods blessing; first pleading Gods Cau [...]e against fallacious pretendors; next be detected at St. Pauls in a great Panegyris, the Medi [...] afters of the times, who like this Libeller and his D. B. hoped to make everlasting advantages by their dilatory Medicines▪ yea poysonous applications, where­with they deluded and tormented their miserable patient, this Church and State, yea these three Bri­tish Kingdoms, which now by a general Sympathy grew impatient to endure any longer, those cruel, and cheating Empericks, fit Mountebancks for this slavish Libeller to serve, and excellent chapmen, to furnish D. B. with a good purchase of crown and Church lands; the better to enable him to exercise as much charity and hospitality, as Dr. Gauden is known to do; vertues which D. B. was never thought as little guilty of, as he was most notorious for his covetous­ness and contentiousness; of whom, I have more then once heard it reported, that when he was asked by a person of quality how he could in conscience (be­ing such a Zealot and Reformer) keep his two livings of St. Magnus and Watford, he professed with great gravity and hypocrisie, That he could not these many years find a godly and fit man to whom he might with comfort resign one of them. O the tender consci­ence of D. B! O how choyce and curious is be of his comforts! who as the dunghil cock, was ever thought to finde more comfort in one grain of gain, then in [Page 93] all the graces and vertues. Nor is he or his Bembo, this Libeller to be blamed for quarrelling at Dr. Gau­dens service at the Temple in Term time this last fa­tal and wonderful year; for in earnest they are in hazard to lose more by Dr. Gaudens and other mens endeavours to restore King, Church, and Kingdom to their rights, then ever Dr. Gauden hath got either by Bo [...]king living or the Temple; both which have ever spent themselves and much more, without any of his grudging or complaining; who ever thought the poor had a right and due to some portion of Church re­venues.

§. But I fear to afflict the Reader by retorting these fools bolts upon the Libeller, The Libellers uncivil re [...]rt on Sir Lawrence Brumfield. who is hidden in the ambuscadoes of his obscurity, infamy and hypocri­sie; these are ( [...], & extra Aras) as imper­tinent to his sacred Covenant, as that other pass, which with a scurrillity and contempt worthy of such a Scribler he makes upon Sir L. Brumfield, a person of as great esteem, known merit, and good use in the City of London, as D. B. the favorite and minion of this Libeller is of very little, who are not ashamed by a spiteful correspondency, to despise a person of an ingenuous calling, and honest industry, blessed by Gods bounty, and favoured with the Cities Embassie, so far as to obtain from his Majesty the deserved honor of Knighthood; for which no doubt he is more capable and competent then D. B. was thought of the degree of Doctor, when the University of Oxford at his keeping the Act, entertained the learned Respon­dent with the applause of hissing and laughter, being much taken with the excellent Solecisms, and Anti­latinisms, [Page 94] which with great confidence that dowty Divine entertained those learned Auditors.

O how lippient and bleared eyes are impatient to behold those that have more pleasing aspects; if S. [...]. B. swords had been still sharpened against Bishops, and would have helped D. B. to defend his purchase from resumption; O then their edge and point had been for this Libellers turn; Then he had been a­mong the favorites of D. B. he should not have need­ed so flashy a defender as the Libeller esteems Dr. Gauden; whoses flashes, like lightning, may possibly melt the money which such sacrilegious purchasers have laid out in Bishops and Church lands, by asser­ting the ecclesiastical and legal rights of Bishops and Episcopacy, against all factions and forcible novel­ties, who seek to shelter themselves and their evil deeds, under the cover of the Covenant, as Caligula was wont to do his head under beds, covered with bay-leaves to avoid deserved thunderbolts; Dr. Gau­den is a professed and implacable enemy, not against such covenanters, who either first took it, or now interpret it in such a sense, as piety, equity and cha­rity will allow, but against all such crafty merchants, and their Libelling parasites, who make a prey of others simplicity, and seek to turn the Covenant into a stone of offence, and apple of contention, onely to gratifie their covetous, sacrilegious, superstitious and seditious designs; which are as far from any thing moral, just, legal or religious, as the Covenant is from deserving to be taken or kept by any man if it be capable of no other tune or interpretation.

The last impertinency used by this Libeller (wide enough from the point of his sacred Covenant) is a great glorying in his dear friend D. Burges his rare plea for Sacriledge, The Libellers [...]a [...]our of D. Bu [...]ges h [...]s p [...]ea [...] sacri [...]e [...]ge un [...]ered by Dr. Gauden. wherein by an unparallel'd impu­dence, and most transparent sophistry, he labours to put his false spectacles (fitted for a venal soul, and mer­cenary conscience, wilfully blinde, and studious not to see or own that to be a sin, in which their hope of gain doth lie:) These false Lunettes must be applied to the nose first of Richards Parliament, to which D. Burges his case and plea is preferred against the Cor­poration of Wells, which defrauded him, as he pre­tended, of part of his sacred purchase. When these disdained his impudent clamors and pamphlet, then he assaults the whole English world, with that piece (No Sacriledge no sin, to sell Bishops lands,) to which he was ashamed to set his name, further then the two fatal letters of C. B.

This frontless piece D. Burges D B [...]ges his wicked de­fence fu [...]ly c [...]nfuted. sent to Dr. Gauden about two years past, with a letter (worthy of Sena­cherib, or Rabsakah, or Shimei, challenging an an­swer to that accursed pamphlet, which is not ashamed to maintain a Paradox, 1. Contrary to the Word of God, which commands mans honoring of him with their substance, both personal and predial, un­less D. B. thinks his lands to be no part of his sub­stance.

2, Contrary to the holy example and proportion of the divine bounty in providing for his Ministers, the Priests and Levites by cities and lands, besides Tenths and other Oblations.

3. Contrary to the principles of common Equity, and native divinity, which teacheth all Nations to ab­hor [Page 96] the robbing of God and his Ministers, to which not only Joseph and Pharoahs ancient pattern of not buying the Priests lands, but the practice of Jews, Pa­gans, Mahometans, and all Christians (but consisca­tory purchasers of such estates) do consent; agree­able to all laws Mosaick, civil, Imperial, Canon, and the common Laws of England, which allow no aliena­tion of Church or Bishops lands, without the Kings or Clergies consent, the latter as the legal possessors, the former as the sworn Patrons and Protectors of the Church.

4. Contrary to the judgement of all Fathers, Councils, Historians, Schoolmen, Greek and Latin, Reformed and Romish Divines, who in no cases but those of necessity, higher publique charity, or further improvement of the Churches patrimony, do allow any alienation of Church Lands, and never in these unless the supream Authority gives leave, and the respective Church men consent: But to take away Church revenues of pious and ancient dona­tion, devoted to Gods glory, service and worship, to the support of the [...]lergies honor, the Churches Order and Government, also to the hospitable releif of the poor, and maintenance of other good works, and to do this by force, against Laws unrepealed, against the declared dissent of King and Clergy con­cerned, to strip and impoverish the present possessors, grave, aged, learned, orthodox, most reverend and admirable Bishops and other Ecclesiasticks, turning them and their families out of house and home without allowing them any livelihood, out of those estates which they have merited, and by law enjoy­ed, and no way forfeited: yea to deprive for ever [Page 97] all posterity, and the whole Church, of the blessing of such Bishops as Fathers of the Church, who had legal right to them, and knew how to make a right use of them; and all this, to save the civil purse of the Na­tion a few pounds, and to please a violent Antiepisco­pal party, and to make way for Presbytery, Indepen­dency and Anarchy in Church and State, by extir­pating legal, primitive and catholick Episcopacy.

§. Certainly so high-handed, unreasonable, unjust and enormious sacriledge, would not heretofore have gone down with D. Burges without kecking (though he had ever a good swallow for gain;) yea, as Mr. Fuller tels us in his Britanick-History of our times, this mutable Master, and great Rabby, sometimes denied Cathedral lands to be saleable without Sacriledge: True, he after very graciously recanted that desperate opinion, when he found what hopes there were of good peny-worths to be had in Bishops and Cathedral lands.

§, Yet after all these grand Remonstrances on all hands against Sacriledge, which innumerable Writers long since and late have set forth, as clear as the Sun at noon day; the desperate D. B. and his Advocate this Libeller still flagitate with railing and reproaches a new anwer from D. Gauden to his flagitious Plea f [...]r sacriledge. D. Burges his ple [...] for [...]a [...]i­le [...]ge [...]u [...]ci­ [...]l c [...]n­d [...]mned and [...] [...]acred.

§. If he be really yet scrupulous, and hath not wholly scared his soul past feeling; if in so deep a Consumption of Religion, which he hath been sick of many years, he have not spit out his conscience, as some do their lungs; if as a Toad poysoned by a Spider, he have a minde to Plantane, there cannot be better Antidotes or recoveries for him, then those which the [Page 98] Bishop of Rochester writ, and Dr. Ba [...]ere, against this very sin of Sacriledge, so stated, as hits exactly D. Burges his case of Bishops lands; and possibly he might get good by them, if he had patience to apply them: But the man is passionate to a raving, as ap­pears, when Dr. Gauden did but touch him, to the quick on that sore of his sacriledge, O how did he spit, and bite and kick, and sting, and tear: Nor hath he any more patience to this day, but though he is ashamed of his putid ulcers, and afraid to be healed (for restitu­tion will cost him dear) yet his bilions soul seeks some case, by venting it self in Pamphlets and Libels, so rude, rauting and ridiculous, as would move no less laughter and pity, then the Asses eating thistles did to Heraclitus.

§. In earnest, Dr. Gauden doth not know how to adde light to the Sun, or water to the Sea: If Moses and the Prophets, if the consent of all godly and learned men (which D. B. owns against himself) will not work upon this poor Dives and his brethren to convert him and them, Dr. Gauden hath no miracles to work; nor can he raise up any potenter truths from the dead, then others have done, against Sacri­ledge.

Lo [...] la [...] [...]o [...] Sa [...]i­l [...].Which is such a spot in a Clergie-man, as no nitre can rinse out: If Dr. Gauden should take pains with Dr. Burges, it would be as the washing of a Black-moor, lost labour; since he hardens his heart against all the most clear fountains, and pregnant impressions of Scripture, Reason, Justice, common Honesty, the Law of the Land, all rules of conscience and charity, all sense of honour and humanity; most impatient that [Page 99] any should do to him, what he justifies done to others. Touch but D. Burges his copy or freehold of Bishops or other lands, he is ready to fly in any mans face, yea, and to curse them to their faces, that shall take any part and parcel away from him: Nor would he have any reve­rence to any two Houses or Ordinances, that should by will and power deprive him of his Patrimony de­scended justly to him from many generations, con­firmed by many Acts of Parliaments, and no way forfeited by him: And such were the Bishops lands and estates.

§. To elude all justice and conscience by the froth of that fallacy and solution,D. Burges h [...] sacril gious s [...]phistry. That the Office and use of Bishops, &c. being abolished without law, the lands as rewards may be lawfully alienated and sold away: is of as much force in conscience, as to argue, Naboth is killed, therefore arise and possess his vine­yard; or, Christ is condemned, ergo, Cast lots and di­vide his garments: Here it is true, Nec fieri debuit, nec factum valet; The Office of Bishops was not deserved­ly, nor by due Authority abolished; but partially, factiously, illegally and violently: Nor was D. Burges himself, when a member of his sacred Assembly, pa­tient to take away Episcopacy absolutely; ergo, He could not approve the confiscation of Bishops estates absolutely, but onely respective, when he came to purchase a share of them; which argues a self-con­demned conscience, and a Sophister confuted by his own expressions.

§. Of like form, to justifie this Sacriledge of aliena­ting Church lands, against our laws, against the Kings and Clergies consent, is that pitiful Imposture which [Page 100] D. Burges seeks to put on the Reader, as if no Church lands, given to Bishops as such, are sacred, because there is no express command of God to give any such estates to them; consequently they are su­perstitions, superstious, not accepted of God, not ne­cessary fo [...] his honour, or the Churches well-being; therefore may be alienated without any sin or offence against God or man.

The Solution and answer is easie, where the general command of God, and the pristine proportion of his bount [...] to his Ministers is extant and in force; as to honour God with our substance; to own the Pastors of the Church, as worthy of double honour; to impart things temporal, to those that impart to the Church things Sp [...]ritual: Such as are, the Gospel preached, the Mini­stery constituted, Ministers ordained, Church Govern­ment rightly ordered, and duly administred, for the p [...]ace of the Church. These and the like are Gods warrant sufficient to invest the Bishops and other Mi­nister, with lands given them by Law, in order to sup­port their Office and Authority; where the donor had power to give or retribute to God of his own; where the will of the dead is in things lawful inviolable, in any good work of charity or publique endowment: Though the quantum be left to the liberty of the do­nor, yet where there is a right to give and consecrate, ingratitude to God, as the giver of all; to the Church, as the family and house of God; to the Bishops and others, as the servants of God; and to the poor as Christs poor, The donation is accepted, and the conse­cration valid, by the laws of God and man; which give leave to every honest man to do with his own as he pleaseth, so as it be disposed, agreeable to Gods [Page 101] general will, for his glory, to no mans injury publike or private.

§. So that the unjust alienation, rapine and direpti­on of these sacred Donations, must be every way in­just, sinful, sacrilegious and execrable; where neither Gods, nor the Kings, nor the Churches, nor the Na­tions, nor the Donees, nor the Possessors consent is had; which is the case of Bishops and other Church lands in England: From all which Entanglings of injustice, Dr. Burges will as hardly extricate his con­science, as Pilate by washing his hands could free himself of that innocent blood, which he confessed not worthy of death; yet to gratifie popular spite and importunity he condemned to be crucified.

§. When Dr. Burges How to cu [...]e D. Burges of sacriledge. hath pulled these and other forked arrows and habergeons, which not onely Dr. Gaudens pen, but all just, honest and learned men have fixed in this Whales thick skin, and which pierce him to the heart: When he hath eased his overcharged stomack, and disgorged the indigestible donations he hath made of Church lands and houses, of lead, stones and timber which he hath so greedily swallowed at Wells and elsewhere; when he hath (volens nolens) made a just restitution and compensation such for ill got­ten goods as he hath usurped; when he hath as for other sins of high scandal, levity and lubricity, done fur­ther Pennance for this crying sin of Sacriledge, by ex­posing himself to publique contempt or pity; when he hath better learned those lessons of Eternal Truth and Justice, much elder then his sacred Covenant, not to do evil, that good may come thereby; not to rob God and the Church, to enrich the State, or any private [Page 013] men; not to do to others, what one would not have others do to our selves; That it is a snare to the man who devoureth that which is holy, Prov. 23.25. That he that wasteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is a son that causeth shame, and bringeth reproach, Prov. 19.26. That as the Partridge sitteth on eggs, and hatch­eth them not, so he that getteth riches not by right, shall leave them in the midst of his days, and in the end shall be a fool, Jer. 17.11. And wo to him that coveteth an evil covetousness against his house, that he may set his nest on high, Hab. 2.9. And wo be to him that encreaseth th [...]t which is not his, vers. 6. And wo be to them, that call evil good, and good evil, Isa. 5.20. and that, Hear ye this, O ye scornful men, because ye have said, We have made a Covenant with death, and with hell we are at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us; for we have mad [...] lies our refuge, and und [...]r falshood have we hid our selves, Isa. 28.14.15. Your Covenant with death sball be dis­annulled and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then shall ye be trodden down by it, vers. 18.

§. When D. B. and his lewd Libeller, have felt the just, inevitable, and heavy impressions of these sacred thunderbolts, and the like, which witness from heaven against all ungodly and unjust men; when they have better considered that covetousness is the root of all evil, that Sacriledge is the sin of Idolatry; That there is no getting to heaven without repen­tance, nor any repentance without restitution of ill gotten goods, so far as we are able: that Justice Di­vine and humane, is to give to every one what is by [Page 102] law and right their own, when these & such other ho­ly indelible and indispensable oracles are well weigh­ty by that blessed pair, the Libeller, and his D. Burges, and either not baffled by some sophistical and scur­rilous Libel, or not waved and eluded with pretence of the sacred Covenant, Dr. Gauden will then find so much leisure and charity, as to give a further an­swer, to that pittiful repeated Pamphlet of C. B D. D. which seeks to maintain that Sacrilegious paradox with such Sophistry and scurrility against truth and his betters, as are onely sit for such a farrago of fraud and fallacy, of ignorance and impudence. Nor doth Dr. Gauden doubt to make him at last cry out, Miserere mei Deus, and although his obdurate heart is as loth to let his wicked purchase of Bishops and other Church Lands go (as Pharaoh was the Jews) yet when the Authority of the law and justice have taught him to refund, and have made such necessary evacuations of his full purse, and foul soul, as are fitting, possibly he may be more easily brought to write after Zacheus his copy, being terrified with the sight of those injuries and indignities he hath done to God and man, to this Church and State, to the King and Bishops, upon whose estates were graven with Aqua fortis these deep and great Characters, Ca­veat emptor, & Deus Vindex.

§. For there was nothing which the law of Magna Charta, and other Statutes in all Ages, had fortified with more cautions and curses, as flaming swords to keep of all regicidious and sacrilegious attempts; nor was D. B. such a Dolt or Buzzard as not to know well enough that these Merchants who pretended to sell Bishops and Cathedral Lands, were neither Trustees, [Page 104] nor Proprieters and possessors of them, nor Lords paramount, nor were they forfeited to them, nor had they any thing to do with them, further, then to preserve them in those hands and to those uses to whom by law and all justice they belonged, as much as their own House and Lands did to them­selves.

§. D. B. is so much a Barreter and petty Fogger, as to know that estates so setled and entailed, as Church and Crown lands, are by many acts of Parliament not to be cut off and alienated by any Ordinances of two houses, especially if they are scattered by tumults, or scared with their own jealousies, or levened with faction, or animated by forraign inva­sions, or overawed with Souldiers, or transported with any sinister designes and innovations contrary to the laws established.

§. And certainly if D. E. his Masters who gratifi­ed his licorish pallate with such sacrilegious morsels, were now to hear his cal [...] in which he complaines not as Judas, of the injustice he hath done to others far his betters, but of the Justice he fears is to be done upon him self, by f [...]rci [...]g him to make just re­stitution, and so to loose his money; They would answer, as the Pharisees did, lock thou to it, what is that to us▪ nor will his Libellers reviving the spur of the sacred Covenant. put any mortall into them, who cannot be very sensible of th [...]t, when in so many other publique ingagements (as solemn and as sacred to God and man) they were in the event forced to come short of their words, both to King, Peers and people, Never being able to make good their de­clarations, no more then that publique saith, which [Page 105] they so oft took upon them; so that now it is presu­med they are not so very superstitious, as to fear the terrors of any such Baal berith, as D. B. or his Libel­ler, who shall urge any sacred Covenant in vindi­cation of Sacriledg and the most crying injustice which can be committed against God and the King, the whole Church and Nation, besides against those learn­ed and holy men, Bishops and others, who by all laws of God and man have, and then had, the onely legal right to those [...]hurch Lands and estates, which are given and devoted to the honour of God, and the meet entertainment of the guides and Gove [...] ­nours of his Church, the Pastors and Teachers, the Bishops and Presbyters of it, i [...] that double ho­nour, which becomes their holy call ng and authority.

§. But it is high time to put a period to this digres­sion from the Cov [...]nant about D. Burges Dr. Burges his po [...]ulant un­portunity. his pittiful vindication of sacriledge, and his sad expostulation, yea exprobation for an answer to that unlearned piece of his, upon which Dr, Gauden made long ago such strictures, and animadversions, as that petu­lant Rapsody of rusticity and sophistry deserves; but he never yet had time to transcribe them; nor did he think the world needed any charm against such a (Meridian D [...]mon) noond ap devil as that Paradox is, or any Antidote against that impudent and petulant poyson, which spits it self in the faces of so many, nay all learned Divines, who are diametrally and unanimously against his corrupt judgement, and impious position: Also in the faces of so many reve­rend and most excellent Bishops, with others of the English Clergy, whom this Babsakeh reviles, and r [...]yles at, all but Dr. Juxon, sometime Bishop of London, whose Candor and charity it seems once or [Page 106] twice did D B go [...]d turnes; yea, he flies in the face of the l [...]te afflicted and Murd [...]red King, as if the perti­nary of his Episcopal Councellors, and his own ob­stinate conscience, were the causers of his d [...]ath and undoing, yea he flies in the face of God himself and his holy word, opposing, elu­ding, wr [...]sting, trif [...]ing and cavelling with the Scr [...]ptures, contrary to the analogy of faith, and clear rules of justice, ratitude, equity, hospitality, and charity, which h [...] knows are all expresly against him and his co [...]etous cursed principles; commanding, incouraging allowing and accepting, what is so given to God for his honor, in piety, Ministry, cha­rity, hospitality, good literature, and due govern­ment; and no less forbidding by any fraud or force to rob God, his Church, his Ministers, his poor, or any others, who in his name and for his sake have received any alms, or donation, or tythe, or oblations, or houses, or lands, or any other endowments, either so high a [...] great Lordships, or so low as a cup of cold water.

§. But if Dr. Gauden should see the popular poy­son and gangreen of D. B. scribling in behalf of Sa­cril [...]dge to spread (which hath of late by Gods won­derful providence found so great a confutation and check in the Justice, Piety and Honor of the King, and the two loyal Houses of Parliament) he will not fail to apply such a corrosive and cautery as i [...] meet; yea possibly at the end of this work which aims to dissect the Libellers Cacotomy, and to discover the filth which is both on the forehead and in the bowels of this putid piece; if he have leisure, he may further add some of those reflections which he made long ago on those infamous lines written with the black inck, the gall and coprice of C.B.D.D.

§. Mean time having sifted this impertinent bran, The L [...]bell rs [...] u [...] propositi­ [...] examined. and chaff out of the design of that sacred Co [...]enant, which the Libeller hath stuffed with personal, forc [...]d and false reflections upon Dr. Gauden, and Sir L [...]urence Bromfield; also with great glorying in behalf of D. B. and his egregious peice of Sacriledge; yet as he clamours unanswered, and indeed never deserving any reply, being self-convinced, confuted, and con­demned. It is now most proper to examine further, what this Spermologist brings in behalf of his sacred Covenant; not that he careth for the Covenant, as it hath ought in it, or is in any sense Sacred, no more then Judas did for the poor: but he hopes by urging this against Episcopacy, to keep Bishops from ever reco­vering their lands by a just restitution; which His Majesty with all honor and conscience hath determi­ned to do, as the most acceptable service he can do to God and his Church, and the greatest honor to the blessed memory and genius of His pious Father; whom Burges, as Shimei so petulantly p [...]rstringeth in the midst of His afflictions, for His constancy to the Church, to [...]ishops, and their just interests.

§. When Dr. Burges is a little more humble, and empty of his big bellied purchases of Church lands and houses; when the Bishop and Dean of Wells have taken from this ridiculous Crow, the sacrilegious fea­thers with which he prides himself, looking and speaking so big as he hath done against King and Bi­shops for the Covenant and Reformation, then he may possibly have his belly full of an answer, if that will then do him any good, as thin broth after a strong purge, to settle his stomack, and rinse his polluted en­traile.

§. At present it must not seem to the Reader lost time or labour, to look upon the four Propositions; by which as by so many rotten and worm-eaten pil­lars, the l [...]beller (the dear friend and advocate of D. [...].) [...]eek [...] to holster up the Sacred Covenant; so [...] shee to hear that Babel of Sacriledge, that hande of Da [...], and all the Philistines in it, who have made such scorn and uniust gain of the Bishops and Clergie, and Church of England, and who now feel their dislo [...]al and sacrilegious structure to rotter, and ready to tumble about their ears; as all wickedness is at last too be my for it self; and standing in a slippe­ry precipice, must ruine by its own weight, and the vengeance both of Gods and mans justice.

1 P [...]po [...] of [...].The first Proposition of the Libeller is such a gentle fallacy▪ and such a cunning caplating of Dr. Gaudens con [...]ssion, as makes him appear rather combaring as the Frogs in Homer, with a flag or bulr [...]sh in his hand, then with a sword or spear, like a man of valour. He thus argues very learnedly, and with more then a Spanish pride, lifts up his eye-brows, and mus­chato' [...].

§. Dr. Gauden agrees (in order to publique peace, and to avoid endless contests) that the Covenant, as to the words and matter of it, may in some benign and charitable sense, be so for lawful, as it may con­sist with justice to God and man, with Laws Divine and Humane, in which center all honest men will agree (not as it was, or is rigidly urged, and imperi­ously imposed by any party or faction in the Nation) but as it might be sp [...]anc [...]usly taken by well-mean­ing men, in order to lawful reforming what was amist [Page 109] in Church and State, and confirming what was good in both, agreeable to their loyalty and duty, to God, the King, the Church, and their Country.

§. Ergo (concludes the learned Libeller) Dr. Gau­den is self-condemned, yea, contradicts himself, no less then the sacred Covenant, with Idolized non-sense and blasphemy; because he denies the Covenant to be valid, or binding in any such sense, as either supersti­on, or sacriledge, or antiepiscopal folly, faction and fury list to put upon it, either in the first taking, or after keeping of it. Yea, and Dr. Gauden further denies the Authority imposing the Covenant to be legal, natio­nal, compleat, or valid, to as to binde the Nation in pre­sent age or posterity, to the bondage of the Covenant, because some members of the two Houses, and the Assembly took it for themselves, but not in the name of the Church or Nation of which they were not plenary Representatives, or the Trastees of mens consciences.

§. Dr. Gauden did indeed by his Analysts, seek to give Hellebore to such weak heads, as were troubled with Covenant megroms and vertigoes, that they might at last fix their eyes and mindes on such a sober aspect of the Covenant, as might present nothing but what is Religious and Loyal, just and honest, agreeable to the sacred Pattern of the Catholick Church, and the Laws of this Nation. That they might not be everlastingly tossed to and fro between Piety and Policy, Faith and Faction, Antiquity and Novelty, ac­cording to the various fancies of their own, or others addle brains. Nor did Dr. Gauden expect to meet with many such (capita insanabilia) incurable cox­combs, [Page 110] as this Libeller and his fanatick faction, whom three Antycira's will not restore to either judgement or honesty: For they are so possessed with the point of Reputation and Profit, much depending upon the Covenant, as totally destructive of Bishops, and deverative of their Lands, that they have no regard to conscience, justice, laws, or common honesty; to which rules to reduce the Covenant, is represented by such raving wretches, as non-sense, blasphemy, and con­tradiction, or self-conviction.

Dr. Gauders [...].§. Whereas there is nothing in the Covenant that sounds either grace or vertue, equity or charity, true Religion or Loyalty, duty to God, Church, King, Countrey, but Dr. Gauden willingly allows it, both as to the end and means: He judgeth every man in their places and calli [...]gs oblig [...]d to those rules and designe; not onely because there is s [...]ch a Covenant of humane composure, to which some men have so far declared their consent, b [...] f [...]m f [...]r [...]igher au­thority, and more ancient bonds of morality.

§. But to have the Covenant made a snare to this Church and State, and to ha [...]e all men hampered by the sophistry o [...] supe [...]st [...]t [...]on of s [...]ne few sacril [...] ­gious purchasers, and Pre [...]byterian Projectors, whose design [...] either ambitious or covetous, are by extirpa­tion of Episcopacy, to make a prey of Church lands and authority: Th [...] Dr. Gauden abhors as a brand of infamy, a bond of slavery, and a bone of everlasting contention; this he protests against as the servitude of the Church to a faction, and the vassalage of the Nation to novel and foreign inventions.

§. England, and Scotland, and Ireland too, have already paid very dear for this Covenant, while the nose of it was so wrung by a Parliament, that the whole body of Church and State had almost bled to death. Nor do we read of any Covenant ever so imposed or taken by any Subjects, without or against the con­sent of their Soveraigns power, Pa [...]tial Cove­nants very in­a [...]spi [...]ous. but it proved a bloody issue, hardly cured with a miracle, and this after the effusion of much civil blood; witness that of the Guenses in Flanders, Covenant of t [...]e [...]uenses in [...]landers. 1560. which began so dreadful a confusion, so sharp a persecution, and so long a war in all the Lo [...] countreys: as Etrada, Bentivoglio and Grotius tell us in their Histories.

§. Like fatal effects followed that Guisian Cove­nant in France, which was called the Holy League, The Holy League in France. in Henry the thirds days, then which nothing could be more destructive to Prince and People of all sides; as Mr. D'avila and others shew us in the terrible and long Tragedies of France.

§. After the same rate did the receipt of such a Covenant of a hundred Articles, taken by a popular precipitancy in Bohemia [...]he Bohemia Covenant. work in the year, 1618. which in a few years, moneths and days purged out the Prince Elector Palatine and his Family out of that Kingdom, and all their ancient Dominions; destroyed some scores of Nobility, many thousands of Ministers, and a mil­lion of poor people, before ever the direful effect of that Covenant ceased.

§. Nor had this Covenant in its first Original in Scotland, The Scotch Covenant. in the minority of King James and his Mo­ther the Queen Regent, any happier beginnings or influence on that Church and State. Covenants [Page 112] take [...] [...]y [...]ubjects, apart from their Princes, are like C [...]ers, they may blaze with a great light and site amongs of Religion, Reformation, Loyalty and Li­berty, as if they did emulate the celestial flames, and borrowed their glory from the Pattern of God and his ancient People, to whom himself once pre­scribed an holy Covenant: But they commonly fill the Church and State where they appear, with dreadful events; and after much terrour, with misery upon poor mortals, they vanish: Nor is mankinde ever more happy, then when they least appear with their formidable Lights, their new superfluous Stream­ings.

§. The Sun, Moon and Stars, the [...]ncient and faith­ful witnesses in Heaven, are sufficient to rule both day and night, both matters of Religion and civil Po­lity, according to the Word of God, and the laws of the Land, in all duties Moral and C [...]ristian, both to God, our sel [...]es, and others To this Law and Gospel are all Covenants to be reduced; if they speak not to the sense of that Moral and Baptismal Covenant by which every man and Christian is obliged, it is because there is no light in them, or their shew of light is but dark­ness, a smothering of Religion with faction and super­stition, like a smoaky flame, or a flaming smoak.

§. Dr. Gauden justly affirms, That no man, never so much a zealot for the Covenant, hath any cause to glory in the flesh of it, the power and policy, the no­velty and partiality, the illegality and violence, which first formed it, and obtruded it upon many in this Church and Kingdom, I am sure neither King nor Parliament, Bishop nor Presbyter, nor any honest man [Page 105] in Church or State, ever got any great good by it, so far as it was carnal, either fomenting, or continuing, or increasing, or beginning our sad divisions, and last­ing miseries.

§. If there be, as he hopes there may be, any thing in it of Spirit and Truth, or Diviner virtue in it, by reason of its conformity with the Word of God, the right constitution of the Christian Church, and the laws of this Kingdom (in which our peace, safety, honour, and comfort temporal and eternal are much bound up) in Gods name preserve and keep that matter and sense of it; let no thing be destroyed in which there is a blessing. But the Roses of England have n [...] cause to borrow any beauty or sweetness from the thistles of Scotland: Nor may the stately Cedar, or the fruitful Vine and Figtree of Episcopacy, so anci [...]nt, so univer­sal, so venerable, so useful, so necessary to the well-being of this, or any National Church, bow down to the brambles and shrubs of Presbyterie or Independency, meerly oppressed by the weight and rigor of such a Covenan [...] if formed as a T [...]lismanick charm, or figure, by the strength of a Presbyterian fancy, to drive away the primitive Bishops, and all pristine Episcopacy out of the Church of England, as Apollonius Thyanaeus did Gnats and Serpents from some Cities in Asia.

§. Here, after the LibellerThe Libe [...]lers enforced con­fe [...]si [...]n. found himself forced to confess (as Dr. Gaudens eccho) that the Covenant either must have such a sense and interpretation as is in­nocent, just and good, or it can have no bond on mens consciences: Consequently, that it must not be urged (with equal impiety and injury, against what is or­derly, useful, honorable and lawful in Episcopacy; [Page 114] as ever owned in the Church of Christ, and by law and c [...]stom established in England ever since it was Christian [...]) which concession of the Libeller is enough to make good the Office, F [...]ction, Honour and Authori­ty of Bishops and the addit [...]ment or honorary of their Estates: And if so, 'tis ( [...]) that which was to be d [...]monstrated, that for which Dr. Gaudens Analysis fairly contended: Dr. Gauden may cry I [...] p [...]an (v [...]cimus) [...]ictory.

§. But Dr. Burges and his illiberal Libeller must [...]ry ( [...]hou perimus) in a most lamentable tone, we are lost and undone: good Bishops, and good Episcopacy must [...], and enjoy their goods and lands to good use: We can have no more good title against them for our sacrilegious purchases, then those foolish buyers, who hearing the father of the family was very sick and oppressed, as they thought to the death, bargained for his lands with the prodigal heir, and parted with their moneys before the good old man was quite dead; whose recovery re [...]s his right to his estate; but his sickness and infirmity, by reason of inbred di­stempers, or outward injuries inflicted upon him by his cruel Physicians or unnatural children, did no way disseise him of his Estate, nor give either greedy beir and expectant of his last breath, or those preposterous p [...]rchasers any right or title to his lands or goods; the Law will restore these to him, and teach preposterous purchasers more wit or honesty. If D. Burges and his Libeller can play upon the Covenant to this tune of Restitution, in Gods name let them go on; we shall all rejoyce to see primitive Episcopacy, primitive Bishops, and their pristi [...]e Revenues, with their double [Page 115] honor restored: This will be a fit of mirth not more generous then just in D B. and his partners; but I doubt the Libeller fears this sense of the Covenant, as much as a Malefactor doth those two Greek Letters Γ or Π, the Gibbet or the Callows.

§. For no sooner hath the Libeller pretended a con­formity to Dr. Gaudens sense; but as if he repented him of all good thoughts and motions to repentance, he falls into a raving impertinency against D. Gaudens Teares of the Church of England, The Libell [...]rs a d Dr. Burges his sp [...] a g [...] st D. Gau­d [...] ear [...] of t e Chu ch of England. upon which this scurrilous Scribler, studies to spit or piss by an unman­nerly and uncompassionate rudeness, onely worthy of such a Barberite, such a son of Belial, whose fore­head and bowels of brass, only serve him to scoff at an afflicted mother, a distressed Church; which (page 28.) this wretched Libeller afterward, not only secretly jears at, but lo [...]dly laughs her to scorn, and disdaines to own he [...] under any such name and relation; so cruel doth covetousness make any man, turning Christians, yea Ministers, yea Doctors of Divinity, into Jews; whose carbon must serve them to obstruct all charity or duty to Parents: rather the Church of England must lye in dust and ashes, in tears and blood, wounded, wasted, trampled under the feet of the beasts of the people, unpittied and un­releived by any comforter, then some sacrilegious pur­chasers should not keep their [...]agitious estates; for this is still the onely designe, both of crying up the Covenant, and crying down the Church of Eng­land, and her sons, which some Apostates drive at.

O dreadful Incognite, O cruel Crocodile, O bar­barous [Page 108] L [...]b [...]e [...], was it not high time for some of the [...] the [...]ur [...]h of England to have pitty on her! [...] Book was [...] capable to have washed the most [...] wh [...]d the failings and errors only [...] t [...]e sed [...]ty of a swine, the poyson of a [...] of a De [...]il [...] wrought great, and a [...] esse [...] every where; it was a cordial to revive t [...]e [...]nting spirits of many excellent Bishop [...], and others of all sor [...]s of Christians; yea the Church of England from that time it saw its Tears, c [...]u [...] [...] lifted up her head, and began to [...]e comforted. Who was ever so unkind, so unna­tural▪ so cruel, so vile, as to find fault with that de­s [...]gn, that duty, that piety of Dr. Gauden, but only our Dr. Burges and this Libeller, because there in his cop [...] and freehold was touched, his sacriledge per­stringed, his versatile temper discovered, not with more justice then ingenuity, nor with more verity then [...] [...]rily; for Dr. Burges was never personally iniurious to Dr. Gauden▪ nor Dr. Gauden par [...]icularly despited to Dr. Burges; nor would Dr. Gauden have fouled his fingers by touching that pitch, but that Dr. Burges his pittiful case and plea came cross Dr. Gaudens way, just as he was finishing his Tears &c. Et quis tam ferreus, ut teneat se! Who would be patient to see and hear such a flent [...]r proclaim his folly to all England, to roar in the ears of his Parliaments, as he called them, as if he were undone if he had not his full bargain and penniworth of Church-lands? Who would endure to hear him barking against King, Bishops and Church and [...]l, that was sacred or civil, only to make good hi [...] sacr le [...]g, [...]hich betrayed his Aposta [...]y? For who in former in [...]o pretended greater zeal for Bishops, [Page 109] and conformity both in his Deeds and Writings to the Church of England?

§. Hinc lachryme, hinc irae, hinc odiae; Hence those impotent effusions of the Libeller and his darling, D.B. against Dr. Gaudens book for the Church of England, which will live as a monument of honor to all posterity, when such putid pamphlets, and infa­mous libels shall rot and perish with the carkasses of their Authors, only remembred as Hierostratus, for sacrilegious Apostates, destroyers, despisers and devou­rers of the Church of England; against whom it is much more Christian and commendable for Dr. Gau­den to express a publique dislike and abhorrence of their impudent and injurious practices to God and man, then it was tolerable for Dr. Burges, or any of his party to come strutting out with his pack full of pamphlets, and vile pleas for his viler sacriledge, to the defiance of all men of learning, honesty, and in­genuity, yea of this whole Church and Nation, as if all must fly before this uncircumcised Philistim: No Dr. Gauden, like David, hath successfully encountred this prodigie, and given him ( [...]) so sea­sonable a wound in his bold and brazen forehead, that ever since he is confounded and faln; he lies now grovelling and sprawling with the inordinate motions of his hands and heels, even gasping, dispairing and cying, while he sees his projects perishing, and his purchase of Bishops lands, like his soul ready to de­sert from him; a most just and generous execution worthy of the courage and freedom of Dr. Gaudens [...]n and spirit, which neither this Libeller nor D. B. will ever claw off or avoid.

After this the Libeller pleaseth himself in alledging [Page 118] as beco [...] him (that is maliciously, falsely and odi­ously) some expressions of Dr. Gaudens The Libellers c [...]d [...]. Gauden [...] [...]. touching those evils which through the vice of men and times (he thinks) are incident to Bishops and Episcopacy, as accidental to it, not inherent in it, or emanate from it, much less inseparable, as chronique and here­ditary diseases; not proceeding from the nature of Episcopal Government, which is full of wisdom, or­der, honor and goodness in its constitution and due administration, as well as it is of Primitive, catholick, and apostolick use and authority in the Church; but from those frailties and infirmities which are inci­dent to those men, who to Bishops are intrusted with the management of that Government.

The [...]le [...]s Log [...].§. Here the Libeller seeking something to bark at in his ranging springs, as he imagines, a piece of con­tradictory [...]nsence, to make good his ridiculous title, and to justifie those [...] ears in which he first ap­pears. Arguing, very accutely after D. Bs. now Logique, that if misdemeanours be incident to Bishops, (not as Bishops but as [...], not as invested in that office, but as tempted by or exposed to their own or other a corrupt passions) Ergo they arise from the imployment of Epis­copacy, as effect from their proper cause, and fruits from their gouernement.

At this rate, what is there good in its nature, and abused by some men, of which this Libeller may not in set by his Malignant sophistry; Evils are inci­dent to them, by reason of [...] men; Ergo those evils arise from the things themselves, or from the office or imployment.

Kings may rule Tyrannically; Ergo, Tyranny ariseth from Monarchy, or Kingly Government as if a Pol­larchy [Page 119] or Anarchy is not fuller of Tyranny, (as at Athens under the 30. and late in England under 300. Tyrants) then any Monarchy ever was: So Presbyters may be factious, popular, seditious, ambitious, co­ve [...]ous, contentious, simoniack, pragmatique, and abjured apostates of Episcopacy; Ergo, these evils incident to Presbyters, ill ordered, do naturally and necessarily, arise from the nature of Presby­tery.

At the same rate this unlogical Libeller, may argue many vicious distempers and sicknesses of body and mind are incident to men, therefore they arise from humanity, or humane nature; so water or wine contract impurity or mustiness, while they pass through, or are inclosed in such Vessels, or Chan­nel [...], which are foul and tainted, Ergo these being incident to Wine and Water, do arise from them, as if there were every where a principle productive of evil, where there is a capacity passive and re­ceptive of it.

Thus Religion is subject to superstition; Ergo, su­perstition flowes from Religion, thus Heresie as poy­son, and Schisme as an Itch, infects many Christians, and are incident to Christians subjective; Ergo they arise from Christianity, formaliter & causaliter; The Holy Scriptures themselves, are subject to be wrested, corrupted and blasphemed; Ergo, blasphemy and corruption arise from the Scriptures; so Sacraments and all holy things are subject to be prophaned; Ergo, prophaneness riseth from the nature of Sa­craments.

§. Possibly this Libeller may have gone some years to School, and hath ventured to be a Predicant, but [Page 112] he seems not to savour much of the University, Nor can I advise him to learn of D. B. to be a dispu­tant, because Dr. Prideaux long ago passed that [...] upon h m at his unlucky act, in Ox­ford, Profecto [...]us sili, tu praedicare potes, disputare non pot [...]s.

§. But the envy which the Libeller seeks to load Dr. Gauden with,Dr. Gaudens [...]. is as if he were a bold and severe ce [...]s [...]r of Bis ops, in puting some evils to some of them, and consequently to all of them, yea and to Episcopacy it self, (for which he professeth to be so great a Champion, as either to destroy the Cove­nant (as to the extirpating sense of it.) or else to subdue it to the obedience of legal and regular Epis­copacy. Truely no man is less a flatterer of Bishops or Presbyters in any thing unworthy of their holy calling, then Dr. Gauden; he is prone to be as severe against any Bish [...]p, as against Dr. Burges, (who they say would fain have been a Bishop) if any Bi­shop had been as guilty of presumptuous sacriledge as D. Burges, who is but a petty Presbyter, though he hath good store of Bishops Lands, and so per viam con­comitantiae, by way of contagious discent, may con­tract all the evils incident to Episcopacy, by reason of some irregular Bishops.

§. Not that Sacriledge or Symony, or Heresie arise either from Episcopacy or Presbytery, though in­cident to them (in concreto) as they are lodged or fixed in subjects, at once capable to be Bishops and Presby­ters, and yet to be as weak and unworthy men, as any others in any honest calling and imployment. Lawyers and Physitians, and Judges, and Courtiers, may all be blame worthy, yea Apostles may be ambi­tious, [Page 120] as the sons of Zebedee, denyers of Christ, and dissemblers as Peter, forsakers, as all betrayers of their Master as Judas, yet must we not he nee conclude that these distempers of the men, arise from the Apostoli­cal order and dignity.

§. In like manner although Dr. Gauden well knows the mischiefs and inconveniences which from the corrupt principles and passions of some Bishops, may and sometimes have faln upon the Ch [...]ch of Christ of which as he is no vindicator, so nor doth he de­sire to be (as this [...]ham) d [...]tor and derider; yet he hath a very high and holy esteem of Eiscopacy, in its eminency, antiquity, universality, use and authority Ecclesiastical, so as to prefer it above any Church Government; yea and to own no other, as Primitive. Catholick and compleat, nor yet so convenient or comfortable.

§. Nor is this Libeller (who as the Satyr out of the same mouth can blow hot and cold,) able to avoyd the conviction and confession of this truth, so far, that although he now almost despaires of ever making his D.B. a Bishop, yet he is constrained to allow of Bishops and Episcopacy, by the conformity of D. B. hereto­fore to Episcopacy; yea and his oft declaring for it and for Bishops, as they were by law setled in the Church of England; in which the primitive eminen­cy, and ancient Authority of Episcopacy, was duly constituted, and worthily exercised by many learned, goodly and most venerable Bishops, inferior to none of that order, office and degree in any Age of the Church. So that however the Libeller who seems possessed with the same spirit as D. B. may in his fits rave against all Bishops, as drones and belly Gods, and [Page 114] Idle, and unworthy of their honours or estates, yet in cool [...]r woods he returnes to something of right sen­ses; and nothing more calmes or charmes him, (as all hot Presbyters) then the name of Dr. Ʋsher, (for Lord Pri [...]ate and Archbishop of Armagh must not be mentioned, as if there were no difference in ho­nour and degree, between Dr. Ʋsher and Dr. Burges, or Hugh Peters, who laughed at Armae chanus, whom all the honest and learned world admired,) they hug that model of his reduction of Episcopacy, which the Libeller and his D. B. fancy will serve to re­duce Bishops to primitive poverty, so as we may yet have such an Episcopacy, as is consistent with Dr. Bur­gesse [...] interest, and his purchases of Bishops Lands; whereas that humble learned and most pious Lord Primate, propounded that his reduction in those diffi­cult, dangerous and distressed times, not so much in order to bend the hands, or limit the pristine and legal, and just, and due authority of good Bishops in England or Scotland, but only as a condescention and expedient at present by which to disarme and bind the hands of both Presbyters and people, then tumultuarily running to destroy without, and against all Laws of God and man, not onely the Luxuriancies and enormities, which they thought were incident to Monarchy and Episcopacy, but even the very functi­on, office and honour of both, to the ruine and extir­pation of an excellent King, and three flourishing Kingdomes, as well as of many excellent Bishops and three flourishing reformed Churches.The [...] of the [...].

[...]. In this first proposition then of this Libeller, as there a no more wit, right reason, or ingenuity, then there is wool on the back of a black dog, so it hath as [Page 115] many pittiful impertinencies, silly fallacies, and childish captations after shadows, as that creature usually hath fleas; with which companions and his dear D. B. I leave the Libeller and this first insignifi­cant proposition, which hath no logical opposition to Dr. Gaudens Analysis, which is either to reconcile the Covenant to a just and lawful Episcopacy, such as the Church of England and all ancient Churches maintained, as venerable, excellent, and necessary for the Churches good polity▪ and well being; or else to null and invalidate if so far, as in any branch of it it was either taken or is by any interpreted, and urged against Episcopacy and Bishops to the prejudice of the truth of God, of the honour of the Apostles, of the custome of all Churches, and to the overthrow of the Laws of this Church and Kingdome, by which our duties to God and man, to our Princes, our Bishops and all our superiors, under the Sovereign powers of God and the King are confined; without any power of dispensation either fron this Cove­nant, or any other contrivance, destructive to our ancient and legal constitutions of authority and duty, order and subordination of Church and State, of which God is the Author, the King the Supreame dispensor, the Laws the Limiters, and men the Ex­ecutors, according as power and authority is legally derived to them.

§. To sum up then into a Syllogism the ratiocinati­on of this reverend Libeller in his first Proposition against Dr. Gaudens Analysis.

What Dr. Gauden doth admit in some sense to be lawful and good, may be so taken and kept▪

But Dr. Ga [...]den admits the Covenant in some sense to be lawful and good materialiter, nor authori­tat [...]? [...] reconcileable to, & consistent with the ancient and legal Government of Episcopacy:

Ergo, It might be so taken and kept.

W [...] conclusion is true, as to that conformity of the words and matter of the Covenant to law and d [...]t [...] ▪ which Dr. Gauden requires in a private and s [...]ntaneous making of such a profession to God and man.

[...]t what is this to Dionysius? how doth this con­clusion contradict what the Libeller had either to prove, namely, the non-sense and blasphemy of the Analysis, or to oppose and overthrow? namely, That the Covenant either taken or in [...]erpreted, or kept in a sense destructive to the ancient and legal consti­tution of Bishops and Episcopacy in England, is and was unlawful, null and invalid, ought not so to be taken or kep [...], but recanted and repented of, as pre­judicial to truth, justice and order, to the honour, peace and happiness of this Church, to the obedi­ence we ow to the Laws, to the duty we owe to the King, and the equity we owe to Bishops, in having and enjoying their own; also contrary to the reve­rence and conformity we owe to the Catholick Ch [...]rch and its first Bishops the twelve Apostles, with their immediate and constant successors in all times and ages, which were Bishops in Dr. Gaudens sense, persons Ecc [...]esiastick, invested in an eminent power above any Presbyters.

§. This, thy Position, O my gentle Libeller, should have been lustily attacqued, and the contrary proved: But I see the beast is sometime disposed to grin, when he cannot bite; if his and his Client Dr. Burges his traps have such holes in them, they will catch no mice; nor will he by such silly engines, long keep him­self as a Rat in his Parmisan Cheese, his purchase and house at Wells. He must have a better Sophister to plead for his case, then this lack logick Libeller, or else he will be no long liv'd possessor, nor avoid an ejectio firme; which he fears more then Gally slaves do the bastinado of a Bulls pi [...]ile. Let the Covenant be reconciled to such Episcopacy; let all Covenan­ters be subject to such Bishops, let such Bishops have that authority, honor and revenue which is theirs by Law; and let us see what this Libeller or his friend D. B. will get by their first Proposition, or by Dr. Gaudens con­cession, that the covenant may in such a lawful sense be kept by the takers of it; but not in any other, sacrilegious to Bishops, or extirpating of Episco­pacy.

§. 2. I crave the Readers leave to make him a little more sport, by pursuing this pregnant Fox, The Libellers second propo­sition to over­throw Dr. Gau­dens Analysis. to ano­ther of his borrowes, a second more argumentative proposition, which he hopes will help to save his skin, and furred coat in which Dr. Burges hath wrap­ped himself by his comfortable purchase of Bishops lands.

He thus therefore rouseth himself, and manageth (as Balaam) the enchantment of his second Propositi­on:

All sober Christians who understand themselves concerning Episcopacy, do herein agree with Dr. Gauden:

Ergo, he concludes in a most magisterially conse­quence at the last. It is sufficient that the Doctor in the midst of all his revilings and slanders, hath ac­knowledged so many to concur in the true sense of the Covenant.

Marvellously well, O learned Libellist: This is in­deed to dispute, to prove, to disprove, to convince, to convert true, to confirm. Dr. Gauden and all honest men with him agree in such sense of the Covenant as only can be just and good: but what shall we do with these superstitious Scholars, or those Sycophants, or those Sectaries, or those Sacrilegists, who do not or will not as honest men, either understand them­selves, or concur with Dr. Gauden in this sense of the Covenant, as it is reduced to that Episcopacy which Dr. Gauden according to Scripture, Law, and all antiquity doth assert for the onely, ancient, re­gular and compleat Government of the Church, not in a parity of Presbyters, but in that exors potestat, in that [...], and [...] of Episcopacy, which Ignatius, Ireneus, Tertullian, Cyprian, St. Jerome, and all the ancient Fathers owned of right, as well as custom, belonging to Episcopacy, and to Bishops eminently so called.

§. Those Innovators Dr. Gauden encounters; these he seeks to redeem from the fallacy and slavery of any such sense, as is by some affixed to the Covenant, wholly inconsistent with the stability, restauration and [Page 119] succession of Episcopacy and Bishops in England. The Libellers interest and D.B's concern is, to assert these Antiepiscopal Pretenders, these rotten, these rigid Extirpators of use and abuse: Else the Libeller doth but beat the the ayr, and D. Burgeses fat will be in the fire; paternal, primitive, reformed Bishops (which the laws of Church and State ever setled and intended in England) will revive, and will endure to return to their houses, honours and lands too, and then ad quid perditio haec? How doth this Libeller leaving his dear Dr. Burges in the suds, operam & oleum perdere: He may be good at rhiming, but stark naught at right reasoning.

§. Sure the Sophister thus not fighting, but flying, yea, circulating about, and seemingly complying with Dr. Gaudens sense, doth but make advantages, and seek some Ambushcadoes; as appears by his many skulking digressions and divings up and down, far enough from the question in hand, or the Proposition affixed, or the conclusion, which should be deduced not for, but against Dr. Gaudens sense.

§. But here the poor Libeller is so good natured,The libeller concessions as to Episcopacy and Bishops. as to yield that the razor of the Covenant, though in a Scotch hand, ought not to have cut off the nose, ears, lips, hands or head of Venerable Episcopacy (if as he impiously and impudently questions, page 7.) there be any such as is truly Apostolick and primitive, free from the evils of Tyrannie, Profaneness, &c. agree­able to sound doctrine, and the power of godliness; (which this jealous Libeller is as much in love with, as D. B. is with his purchase of Bishops lands:) He confesses it is (I am sure it ought to be) far from the sense and intention of the Covenant (and so of any [Page 128] honest Covenanter) to ex [...]irpate it; that contrarily it bind [...] by all lawful means to procure it, yea rather to [...] and estab [...]r. it, where faction and Schisme, had thought to shake and remove it, a [...] in England.

§. He seems now so well natured, as to threaten by his p [...]uning or incision knife (which the Anatomist own [...] as pr [...]per to a sober Covenanter) only to pare of the Lu [...]urtariancies, wens, warts and excrescen­cys, which corrupt times, customes or manners of men had procured upon the face or hands of Episco­pacy, and such Bishops, as might [...], be sub­ject to like passions with Dr. Burges for covetous­ness, contentiousness, and cholerickness, and the like beautys of his complexion and constitution.

§. In earnest (O gentle Libeller) it is pitty you should further spin the thread of your excellent dis­course and polished stile, to as little purpose, as Spi­ders do wast their bowels in making such cobwebs as will onely catch small flies; Alas, Dr. Gauden is agreed with you, if you mean by these sinful defects or excelles of Episcopacy, the enormious arrogating of unlawful power and jurisdiction, or the cruel and uncharitable exercise of lawful power, beyond those bounds, which the equity and charity of laws Ec­clesiastical, are pre-sumed to allow and expect from every pious and prudent Bishop.

§. But if you mean by the superfluities of Episcopa­cy, the honours, manors, lands, houses; the Ec­clesiastical jurisdiction, and just authority, either spiritual or civil, with which Bishops in England are by law endowed, according to the Catholique custome of all Churches, and the magnificent indulgence of this Church and State; if this be your reformation, [Page 129] and institution, or your proving of primitive Episco­pacy; I may say to thee, O Leveller, O Libeller, as Christ to Peter (even then a far honester man) Apage, Get thee behinde me Satan, thou savourest not the things which be of God, but of man, of the world, and of the flesh: Thy [...]wlly wisdom is carthly, sensual, devilish, injurious, sacrilegious; all this fair apo­logue, these gentle concessions, and cunning circumlo­cutions, are onely to preserve Dr. Burges his blessed purchase. O how his narrow soul cleaves to the dust? Come, be free and ingenuous; let Bishops and other Episcopal Divines have their lands, houses, and ho­nors, which are due to them by the laws of God and man, after so long and many injuries done them, Dr. Gauden willingly agrees to the conforming of their persons, manners, and authority, to the same strict laws; and being himself not unlikely to be a Bishop (though unworthy) by the providence of God, and the Kings favour, yea, and by the general desire of that City and Diocess of Exeter, without any his own or others ambitious procuring, solliciting or bespeaking in his behalf (as God is witness) he hopes through the grace of God, to be one of those good examplers of worthy Bishops, who may answer the Libellers and D. B's best desires; though he despairs to exceed his two last incomparable Predecessors, Bishop Hall, and Bishop Brownrig, two, and almost inimitable Prelates, whom the age was not worthy to enjoy, nor D. B. to mention their names with his foul mouth; who with others, durst by a super Covenanting rigos, and pre­posterom reforming, so worry, guaw, devour, and destroy, even sucking the blood, and eating the flesh to the bare bones of such, and many like excellent [Page 130] Bishops of England, whom they reduced to poverty, vnder pretence of their rigurous covenanting, and [...]p [...]ting Reformation; not by a power of godli­ness, but of darkness, ungodliness, violence, cruelty, sacriledge, [...] and Apostasie; all which are (with­out any [...] or scandal upon either of the two Houses and A [...]mb [...], or any blaspheming against the Covenant, if tak n and kept in a just and pious sense) [...] clear and true, then ever Dr. Burges his title will be to his purchase of Bishops land, which now be­gins to be not a [...]ettle onely to his hands, but a thorn to [...]is feet, and a grivou [...] c [...]rd [...]lium to his soul, which makes him and his Copes [...]ate this Libeller, so bite a [...] every one that comes neer them, as if they meant to [...] them, by perswading the English world to keep to their wits and consciences, their reason, and the laws; restoring to every one what is theirs, to God, to the King, to Bishops, and to the Church: None of all which some Atheists would have this Na­tion ever to own, rather then Bishops and other Churchmen should enjoy their own again: Whether this Licentious Libeller be so far gone, or his D. B. in the consumption of all piety and common honesty, I leave the Reader to judge.

The [...].For I am, besides the prosecuting of his argument in this secund Proposition, to pursue him in his many Vagaries and impertinencies, where he loseth the point he pretended to aim at; and onely pleaseth himself to vent his malice, ch [...]ler, and excrementitious stuff, without covering it with any p [...]ddle. Here his fo [...]ls [...], [...]ainst S.L.B. against Dr. Gaudens claim­ing right to the Assembly, against his spiteful and [Page 311] pernicious preaching in London, and at the Tem­ple, in order to recover the rights of King and Kingdoms, of Lords and Commons, of Parliaments and People; yea, of the Bishops and Clergy of Eng­land; but all these putid petul [...]ncies are shovelled a­way before hand, when Dr. Gauden did sweep them together, as the scattered impertinencies of an im­modest and immethodical Rapsodist.

§. To all which this is also here added by him; a dreadful impatience, that D.B. having sent to Dr. Gauden (as indeed he did his defence of Sacriledge, accompanied with the mala cand [...] of his vile letter, of which a former account was given;) yet Dr. Gau­den would not vouchsafe to answer his challenge, or to entertain the world with his rank Colewort, ten times builed, and most ins [...]pid; in all which there is not mica sall [...] The reason was, because that pam­phlet was a piece worthy of the Author D.B. but of no honest Reader; suitable to his former Pamphlets, railing at King and Bishops, angry that he had not money enough to purchase all Crown and Church lands.

§. Truly Dr. Gauden knew all the Learned, Loyal and Religious world were so satisfied and fortified a­gainst D.B's Sacriledge, that they abhorred him the more, because he added that to his other sins; and they abhorred the sin the more, because defended by so spotted an Author, Leopardick Presbyter, and Episcopal Apostate. Nor had Dr. Gauden then either leisure or pleasure to follow D. B. in all the mire and puddles where he lifted to wallow or wade: Dr. Gauden is [Page 132] [...] to wash the Devils face of [...] D. [...]. [...] to paint him [...] Justice, Necessity and [...] in the [...]i [...]ard of Hypo­ [...] [...] [...]hee to hide either his horm [...]

[...] [...] imp [...]rtin [...]ncy and vapour is, [...] to the Ʋrn and Ashes, the [...] S [...]otized Assembly, which [...] bl [...]me in it, then the company [...] D. B's, who was like a State or [...] in among some Pigeons: that there were [...] and sober Clergie, as well as lay-men in [...] Convention, is not to be doubted; I wish they had been as valiant, just, wise, constant and reso­lute to the truth and right: They had then merited a nobl [...]r Morument and Pillar, then this Libeller or D. B. can eiect of their memory, beside the Directory and Catechi [...]m which they produced by an Elephan­tine and very c [...]stly birth, a charge far beyond what would have bought the best Library but Bodlies in England; in order to reject the English Liturgie, and the established Prelacy, making way for the bo­dy or belly of Pre [...]byterie, without any order and head of ancient Episcopacy, which deformity was to be supplied with the train or long tail of ruling lay-Elders.

§. The breast or Nurse to which prodigious No­velty, the Covenant was by some designed to be, but it proved in short time a dry Nurse: These strug­ling b [...]bes and sucklings of Pre [...]bytery, Indepen­cy, [Page 133] and other productions, soon drew blood in­stead of milk: For they being born with sharp te [...]th, as King Eumenes, they quickly gnawed and bit off that breast, which they should onely have gently drawn.

§. The truth is, there was little hope that that Assembly in which were many learned and godly men, should ever do much good; when in the mid­night dreams and horrid darkness of those times, the good men in it were oppressed by more then one Incubus, of Tumults and Armies, besides those Scotists who were as Masters of the Assembly, to fasten the nail of Presbyterie into their heads, as dead as Jael did hers into Sisera's: To be sure now they are awake, the best of them do abhor all those Ephialta's or Night-mares of rigid and head­less Presbytery, of rude Independency, and bloody Ana­baptism, and utter Anarchy, which then and afterward cruelly depressed the spirits of those Divines, yea and l [...]ng exhausted the spirits of this Church and State.

§. Yet that the jejune Libeller, The Libellers plea for the Assembly. may not seem to say nothing for the honour of that Scotized Assem­bly (besides that of D. B. his presence and his pro­testation for Episcopacy, of which he does you to wit) he puls the reader now oscitant, or sleepy, or laughing by the ear, and makes this venerable mark, That the late King (who by his pertinacy for Episco­pacy, and obstinacy against Sacriledge destroyed himself (as D. Burges concludes in his Anatomical in­spections of the cause of the Kings death) shewed a willingness, Octob. 11. 1648. to confirm the calling [Page 134] and sitting of that Assembly, yea and of their hatch­ing of Presbytery it self, to make a tryal or essay of it for three year [...], (when indeed three Moneths wa [...] too much for the great mischief and little good it occasioned in England.)

The [...].§. Alas poor Prince what would not flesh or blood do, or forge in a storme to save it self? what poli­tique condescent [...]ons, even to less reasonable demands, are not venial, if short of blasphemies and immoral [...] ies, by which a King may save his life, Posterity, King­dom, People, and beyond all, the Churches of Christ in them from perishing upon the Rocks and quick­sands of Schism and Rebellion? yet even of these concessions at last did the King seriously repent, as he did those larger which he had granted in Scotland, af [...]irming to so [...]e sacrilegious importuners of him at the Isle of W [...]ght, that he had granted all he could to save his life, which might consist with the saving of his soul: when it was urged that his Majesty had abolished Episcopacy and Bishops in Scotland, he an­swered, It is no plea to sin again, but rather to re­pent and do no more so, because he had once sinned in that kind, with more regard to outward and civil peace, then was consistent with inward.

§. Thus have I shewed thee (O ingenuous and just Reader) the addle eggs which their Cuckoo hath layd in the Hedg Sparrows nest of his second pro­position, which seeming long I thought it had been strong as a Gy [...]nt; but thou seest, what a man of clouts this Libeller is, and how when he threaten [...] to fight, he only lets three or four scapes, turning his back off the proposition, and running away to take in hand other weapons, which prove neither Pikes [Page 135] nor Swords, nor Pistols, but meer bulrushes, flags, and potguns, fitter for to shoot boyes pellets, then to defend D. B. in his sacrilegious purchase of Bishops Lands, and the extirpating of Episcopacy.

§. Which sooty and greasie besmearing of the glory of D. B. and his Covetous injurious covenanters, no mire of this Libeller will ever wash out.

§. As to all Alexanders victories valour and bounty, this is still a take off, and great blot, At [...] ­cidit Calisthe [...]; but he killed the wise, the faith­ful, the valiant Calisthenes; So, when the triumphant memorial of D. B. shall be registred by this Libeller or the like Hist [...]riographer, or Biographer, in which the [...] & [...] rare exploits and atchieve­ments of D. B. shall be magniloquently epitomized his deserved degree of Dr. which he so adorned with speaking good Latin, and accute disputing at Oxford, to the posing and non pluffing of all his auditors, those [...], or variegated writings, for and against [...]onformity, ceremonies, Bishops, Scots and Pres­bytery, and Episcopacy, his two good livings, and way-bit of a Lecture at Pauls of 400. per annum, His preferment and his riches, yea and his honour to be Gossip to the Covenant, when it came to be re­baptised in a Catholique font, and sprinkled with a Christian sense, reconciled to Episcopacy; yet after all this gear, and at every encomiastick clause, this sad and shameful burthen of the song will be added, But he purchased Bishops Lands, when his suspensi­on from sitting in the Assembly for his generous pro­testing against the Covenant, as indefinitely and ab­solutely for the extirpation of Prelace, (by which it appears how free others mere, and overawed not [Page 136] to speak their minds) when this shall be recounted; yet it will be added, but he did indefinitely and ab­solutely purchase Bishops Lands and Houses, without leaving them one foot, or allowing them one pen­ny [...] yea and adding impudence to impiety and op­pression, he proclaimed his purchase to some Pseudo-Parliaments, yea and openly defended his sin beyond Absolom, yea and complained he had not enough for his money, nor all his sacrilegions bargain; yea he did thus after long doubt and deliberation, much check and terror of conscience, to the robbing the Church his Mother, and all his Fathers, many of his brethren far his betters, without limitation of good or bad Bishops. Nay he at last reproached and even renounce [...] them all, and sought to ruine them all, against all equity, modesty and conscience, though Christians, nay reformed, nay the most eminently such in all the World, as to b [...] thought worthy to sit in the Assembly; yet he, he, in great a Divine, so gallant a Doctor, so acute a disputer, so glorious a Preacher, who modestly speaks of himself that he had laboured more abundantly then they all, (the Bishop, Dean and Prebend of Wells) his meaning is in rubbidg and dust and morter, of pulling down and building; yet after all this to foyl all, to spill all, to curse all, to damn all, this great D. B. sacrilegiously and presumtuously, did purchase Bishops lands, and pulled down by a wanton wickedness, better Ca­thedral Houses, then ever he or his Fore-fathers either built or dwelt in.

But the Libeller will cry out next bout, that Dr. Gauden Rhetoricates, that he tempts the world again with his Idolized nonsence and blasphemy, against [Page 137] the Covenant, Assembly and the blessed D. B. bles­sed in the same sence which the Poet useth the word, when he tels of one whose rise of his bliss (that is of his riches) was, Vetula vesica heata.

Dr. Gauden must now hasten with the shield of in­nocency and truth, to receive, yea and retort, the long dart of the third Proposition, 2. The third Propo [...]. of the An [...]al which this flying Parthian seems to cast at him; as King Saul did his Javelin at David, when the Morose and melancholy spirit was upon him, much of the same kind tie probable with that, which possesseth this Liboller and D. B. For as he in a cholerick and mad sit command­ed Doeg to kill the Priests of the Lord; so vvould these if they might have their will, not kill with the sword, (which is some degree of mercy) but starve to death by a longer lingring poverty and disgrace the Bishops and other Episcopal Divines in England, far more in number then Sauls fury commanded to be slain, and all this in order to keep their Sacrilegious purchases, which he and his can no more do then they can keep fire in their bosoms, or melted gold and silver in their purses or mouthes; The surest vvay to thrive is to make restitution.

§. But D.B. is loath to hear on that ear, he had rather lend another brace of thousands, wear another buff-coat, and head another Troop of Horse, and have t'other bout at a Civil War, which shall venture King, Parliament, People, all things sacred and civil upon a nevv Alarm of the Covenant, and of reforming the Doctrine and Church of England; Which stale flourishes are novv like the thread-bare tunes, and dull dittles of old ballads, to vvhich no man sober lists to dance, or [Page 138] to lend [...] especially when sung by such a pair of [...]th because [...]oy [...]es, as this Libeller and his D. B. ( [...] s [...]ch [...]ng and loud c [...]m [...]ors) must needs use, Quo det [...]u [...] [...], suo worde [...]ur gallina marit [...]. I [...]e H [...]lb [...] [...] [...]ingers in a Winters raw evening, [...] cold [...]h [...] do not make more lamentable harmo­ny then these two would do about keeping the Covenant, and [...]lip [...]ing Episcopacy, or reforming the Doctrine, W [...]rship Discipline and Government of the Church of [...] land.

For such titles of popular pamphlets daub every post and corner in London, vented by the same hand and heart, as this Libellers Anatomy of the Author: impu­dences and solly. Alas is not this great work of Refor­mation yet done, after so long Wars and bloodshed? after so many Scotch and English Armies, either com­plying or clasting; after so reverend an Assembly and D. B. among them sitting some years; What, nothing yet reformed? After Liturgy abolished, Prelacy ex­tirpated, Bishops and Cathedral lands sold; after the Directory had inducd Ministers with a new spirit and better gifts; after Presbytery advanced, and In­dependency preferred? Have not these new brooms swept clean? After Deans, Bishops and other excel­lent Episcopal men beggard, after their lands sold, and houses demolished; after D. Burges hath conde­scended to b [...]y some of them, and hath got a good purchase; and not yet a through Reformation, accord­ing to the purport of the sacred Covenant?

No, the more is the pitty; alas Dr. Gauden and his faction of Episcopal principles will not suffer the Co­venant to be stretched to its full reforming sence, or to that Anti-episcopal tunc which must be made good [Page 139] against Bishops; or D. B. and other purchasers are un­done. He, he undertakes, now after we are posses­sed of Bishops lands and houses, either to reduce the Covenant to reason, Religion, Loyalty, Law, Justice, and Charity, in regard of Bishops as well as other mens rights and estates; or else so far to repeal and null it, yea and to enjoyn a pennance upon it and its takers, so far as it is irreconcileable to, or inconsistent with these eternal principles of Morality, Justice and duty to God and Man, to Church and State, to King and Bishops.

§. But Dr. Gauden, thus venting his nonsense and blasphemy against the Covenant, is by a notorious Li­beller undertaken to be severely rebuked; a meer Ignaro & incognito encounters him, a bundle of ig­norance and infamy, of malice and confusion is cast upon him; inspired as it seems by D. B. a shotten herring of the same barrel, whose interest is to screw up the Covenant [...] such an Anti-episcopal rigor, that either we shall have no Bishops in England, or these no Lands, Honors or Revenues to support their autho­rity, charity and hospitality.

§. The method of this Libellers chastising Dr. Gau­den is by a Scorpion of four cords, one more then the Jewish whips was made of: His two first Propositions have like squibs spit fire, fluttered and made a crack or two but done no execution.

This work is reserved for the third Proposition, which is a long spun, dilate, dull, tedious, sophistical tantalogical rapsody, rather then any just reply to the weight and force of Dr. Gaudens just and honest re­flections upon the Covenant, in order to reconcile it to the legal interest of Episcopacy and Bishops, also to [Page 140] remove from it those superstitions, sacrilegious, ille­g [...]l and in [...]ni [...] interpretations, which so [...] mens ambition▪ sact [...]s [...], envy and covetousness seeks to [...]ix up [...]n [...] contrary to the [...]ncient constitutions and laws of [...]ngland, and of all pristine Churches, or Christi [...]n Kingdoms.

[...].§. The first fraud or mist that the Libeller seeks to cast before thee [...]es of his Reader is, to vocate the force of Dr. Gaudens argument, grounded on not the letter only, but the equity, and analogy, or parallel case and proportion of Gods law, set forth Numb. 30. Where the scope of the discourse of vows is, to shew that as no vow [...] made by any do bind, [...]. save onely in things lawful (that is neither injurious to Gods glory nor any moral right) which is confessed by all wise men; so not do those Vows bind which are made in things lawful, A [...] o [...]ly l [...]ful [...]n ch [...]ge [...] [...] and p [...]on [...] [...]r [...]. by such as are no [...] sui juris, at their own dispose, but under anothers dominion and dis­position; nor may any such thus [...]lated, subjected, and obliged to others, make Religion any pretext to their liberty of vowing, what and when they list to an­others prejudice, because they are not in their own dispose, [...]. which reason bolds in all such subjective rela­tions: Tis true the Text instanceth only in Daughters unmarried, and Wives, because their easiness might be most prone to rash vowing; but as Mr. Calvin and o­thers upon the place observe, the reason extends to Sons as well as daughters, and much more to servants and slaves, of which there is no dispute in Reason or Religion, and so no mention here (being not libera cap [...]ta) free per so [...] they cannot lawfully vow, nor doth any such vow stand good (though in things material­ly pious and good) which is made by them without, [Page 141] much m [...]re if against their Masters or Fa [...]er [...] consent and to their prejudice: Nor is there any doubt, but the same rest [...]aint and nullity [...]as to such vowing h [...]lds good (by the rules and proportions of divine justice) in any Vow or Covenant which Sub [...]ects and [...]a [...]als in any kind to their King, or any meaner Lord and S [...]gni­or shall make to the injury of their lawful Superiors. N [...] D [...]t [...]al [...]od voves r [...] esse [...].

§. The cavelling Libeller finding the strength and edge of this place, to cut the very sinews of the Cove­nant, if either taken to the damage of the Superiour, or if countermanded or denied by him: First, he carps at the instances added of Servants and Sons, calling this a tale of a tub, and says there is no such thing; after he chargeth Dr. Gauden as a false man, for falsifying this Text of Scripture, how justly let the reader judge, when not only such vows of obliged inferiors are void, though (in relicita) in things materially lawful, if the Superior or Lord forbid them at the present; but far­ther Dr. Gauden affirms such vows though unheard, and so not at present disallowed by the superiour, yet are rash and invalid, if in any thing prejudicial to Gods glory or the Superiours rights, which vows their su­periors may disanuul as soon as they know of them; yea and the Superiour sins, if hearing them he assent to them, or by silence do not reprove or null them; not that his silence confirms them unless in things law­ful. If a son, or daughter, or servant under the custo­dy and dominion of Father or Mother (now a widow) or a Master, Mistris or Dame, shall vow any thing to their detriment, in honor, liberty, safety, estate or life, I suppose this very Libeller will grant their Vow un­lawful and null, because (in re non licita) in things ei­ther materially, formally and relatively evil.

§. Thus if those Relates should vow to pray so many [Page 412] hours, and in such a place, or at such a time of the day, or to read and hear Sermons every day, or to give daily so much of their Masters goods in secret charity to t [...]e poor, and the like; or if they vow to sleep at su [...]h a time, or do nothing, or to visit such a friend, or prisoners, or such persons, &c. things not evil, yea in their seasons very good.

Can this Libeller think (unless he be as void of sci­ence as conscience) that a servant, son or daughter may here plead their godly vow and sacred Covenant, to the disobedience and detriment of their superiors, and to the neglect of those civil affairs, which at those time, they require to be done by them? whether the Master, or Mistris, or Father or Mother, hear or no the [...]ow is voyd; yea in some cases though they hear and assent, or are silent through imprudence and supersti­tion, yet the vow is voyd, both as to their inferiour and superiour; in case it cannot be kept but to the impoverishing and not providing for their families and children, which must want things necessary and conve­nient, while this Bigot, Master, or Mistris and servant (on whose honest labour all the families support de­pends) spend that time in praying, or preaching, or hear­ing of Sermons, or reading the Scriptures, &c. which they ought to bestow in work for the families support. Here vows are the Urns of Infidels and Rebels, and the keeping them, as well as making them is denying of the faith, and cannot bind (but only to break and re­pent them) either Master or Mistris, or son or servant.

§. But the Libeller with great art urgeth the silence of the letter (in this one place as to the instances of sons, servants and subjects) against the Analogie of the whole Scripture, & the duty of the fourth command­ment: which must always be resolved into things mo­rally [Page 143] and obedientially just and honest. He says there is not the least hint of any exception, but all men that vow to God, are held to that vow, whether the chief siavor nor consent or no. Thus the Devil and Hereticks are wont to wrest and abuse Scripture; as Christ said to the Saduces, ye erre not in your citing the place, but in your not understanding the Sc [...]iptures; mean­ing, as if one should limit the duty of the fifth com­mand onely to natural Parents, as father and mother, and exclude all other superiors in Church and State, because not there expresly named.

§. This Sophister should have added, as the lati­tude of the Analogy, so the just and necessary limita­tion ever supposed and intended, and by other Scrip­ture supplied, which is, that such vows do bind such persons onely in things lawful and free for them to vow and perform, without any injury to God or man; but to imply an absolute irrespective bond even to vow and do evil, injust and injurious things, is false and fraudulent; aiming to urge the Covenant literally and simply, which makes for the Libeller and his D. B's turn, and not to reduce it to that [...]aequum & honum, justum & sanctum, duty of justice, charity, and equity, without which there can be no sanctity, either in vows or faith, in word or deed, in making or keeping any such Covenants as are made (stulta aut impia facilitate) by a childish and foolish facility, as Calvin speaks. His hope is the bare rigid letter of the Covenant will keep out all Bishops from the Church, and from their estates, and so he may keep that part of Bishops lands which he hath sacrilegiously purchased.

§. From the justice, equity, pregnancy of these cases, which are grounded by the rule of proportion and [Page 144] right reason upon that Scripture, Dr. Gauden concludes,

1. That inferiors and dependents have no liberty ci­vil o [...] religious to binde their souls by vow, or to perform those vows in any thing that is prejudicial and detrimental to their Superiors, either as to the duty they owe them, or the right they justly claim.

2. Such Vows, though unheard by the Superior, yet binde not the takers, much less if he do hear of them at any time, and openly dissent, yea, peremptorily deny them; and the King did in this so far as it in­t [...]rtered with the just rights of his Majestie, or any of his [...]ubjects; Ergo, since the subjects of England were by law and oathes inferior to, and dependents on the King▪ obliged to duty and allegiance, they ought not, they could not make or take, much less keep any such vow or covenant, as is any way prejudicial to the rights of the King or any of his good subjects, and so either against his Majesties oath, and his legal Supremacy over things and persons Ecclesiastical, to preserve them ac­cording to law; consequently they could not covenant against the rights of the Church and Clergy, least of all against th [...] estates and honors of Bishops, who ought to be in place and merit the most eminent of the Clergy.

§. Either then (O gentle Libeller) reduce and limit the sacred covenant (taken by subjects and inferiors, without the will of the King and Superior) to a sense lawful, just and honest, no way injurious to God, the King, the Bishops, or any mans rights (and then restore to them their estates, by no law forfeited or alienated, (hear this, O D. Burges, &c.) or else repent of the Co­venant, so far as it is irreconcileable either materially or formally to right reason, honest polity, or Church Government, which is inseperable from Legal subjecti­ [...] and that justice which bindes all men to each other.

§. See now (O Reader) how partial, sneaking and delu­sio [...] such wretched Libellers are; who are ashamed to own their names, and afraid to own that Truth which makes against their wicked interests; therefore they slily shuffle, and as (dolosus versatur in generalibus) Sophisters, urge li­berally the general case or thesis, but endure not to apply to the hypothesis, particular or instance: That thing may seem just by some general maximes or customs of com­mon law, which is very injust, when brought to the rules of Chancery, as D. B. well knows in Hippesleys case.

§. Yea, Dr. Gauden further addes (ex abundanti) the more to affright and astonish this Libeller, That it is more pr [...]faning of Gods holy name, to keep unlawful vows at all, yea, or to extend or rack lawful vows to unlawful actions; then it is to break the first, much more to reduce the second to just bounds, whereto God bindes every man, not onely in relation to others, but to himself too, as Gods creature, and so subject to him.

§. If a father or mother vow not to give in marriage son or daughter, or not till such an inconvenient age; or not to give them any portion, or not such as is proporti­onable; if they vow them to a single life, or to poverty, or to banishment, or to base employments, or to give them no decent support; These vows are sinful, injurious, in superiors, they may not be kept, they ought not to be made.

§. So if masters vow to the injury of their servants; if Kings vow to the injury of their subjects lay or Clergy, as to subject them to a foreigh power, to put them out of their protection, to take such taxes from them, or strip them of their estates, callings or just liberties, such vows must not be kept. Yea, a man hath not so far an absolute domi­nion over himself (as Gemarrus and others observe) as to vow to his own prejudice in things not permitted by God [Page 146] to his free dispose in a religious way, and rational and pro­portional, for which he is still accountable to God and others, in the case of his liberty, estate, health, honor & life.

§. A man may not absolutely vow he will never marry, [...] that he will spend or give away all his estate, single or marr [...]d or that he will never drink wine, or take physick, and the like rash and irrational resolutions, which no way advance the glory of God, and may in many cases be nec ss [...]y for him and his, for their better service of God and [...], as well as of himself.

[...] King though never so supreme and free, yet may not vow and covenant to the diminution of his own just So­v [...]raignty and that authority or power which is his by law, and necessary for his high calling, to protect the Church and State, himself and his good subjects. He may not co­venant to diminish or destroy any honest subjects in any of their just rights; much less to extirpate or expel out of his D [...]m [...]ans any rank, order and degree of men, that are useful, and in some sense necessary for the being and well being of his people. As to extirpate all Scholars or Ju­stices [...] as our late illiterate Levellers and Fanaticks de­signed, after the old rate of Cade and Tyler; nay, nei­ther Piluer or any party of the people may vow to ex­tirpate the meanest [...]ll [...]ng, which serves the body Poli­tick; any more then men may vow to cut off their feet or toes.

The [...].§. H [...]w much less may any Christian Prince or people vow and covenant to cal [...]ate so primitive, venerable, apo­stosl [...]k, catholick, useful and excellent an order, authority and polity [...]o the Church, as that of Episcopacy▪ [...] to take away from godly Bishop, their fa [...]ful [...]oyment [...] of which they have as just a possession and right, as the King hath to his Crown, or any man to his house and [...]ani [...].

§. Such vows and covenants, so much to the scandal of the Christian Religion, to the reproach of the Reformation, to the gratifying of dangerous factions, to the disgrace of this and all former Churches, to the dishonour of Jesus Christ, of his Apostles and their chief Successors, the Bishops in all ages and places, besides so injurious to many wor­thy men, yea, to the whole Church and Nation of Eng­land, either ought not to be taken by Christian King or people; or if by force, fraud or fear, and facillity, they are so taken, or rather imposed and mistaken, yet they must never be kept in any such sense; but either repented of and dissolved, or else the words of them must be re­solved and reduced to such a sense and interpretation as is just and lawful, Id quod erat demonstrandum.

§. Which was the thing Dr. Gauden had to prove (as Christ did the Resurrection) not out of the letter onely, but the analogie and equity of that Scripture; from the force of which Mr Grafton doth not, cannot extricate himself, by his more sober endeavours, much less this paltry Libeller, who doth not wash himself that he may be clean, in the waters of the Sanctuary, but, as the Poet says, (Perditus apruus fontibus immisce liquida—) of the Swine, he studies to be-mud and soil the Scrip­tures clarity, that his fedity and fallacy may not appea [...] ▪ that by the cloud and mist of such superstition cast on the Covenant, he may conceal his sacriledge, and keep his evil purchase. For he hopes if the Covenant receive such rigor and vigor from Scripture, that notwithstanding the Kings declared dissent, as foreseeing the design of some by the Covenant to overthrow Episcopacy and unto the Bishops and Clergy of England, yet his sub­jects so covenanting, are bound indispensably by their once taking it, to extirpate all authoritative Bishops, [Page 148] and lawful, as well as landed Episcopacy; then (salvo res est) the Town is his own, the lands of the Bishop of Wells and others, which he hath purchased (per via [...] concomitanti [...] & reductionis) will be made good to him by the letter of the sacred Covenant; though against all law, justice, reason, Scripture and Religion: Such a nose of wax are Hereticks, Hypocrites, Apostates, Schis­maticks & Sacrilegists prone to make of the holy scriptures, for their own credit and advan [...]age as they fancy; but indeed to their destruction and damnation: No lawful Covenant can be a cloak for such knavery, nor will the Scripture be any protection for what is contrary to law and justice.

Mr. Graf [...]n [...].§. Here I must by way of Concomitancy, take in Mr. Graftons concurrent replies, who findes himself ve­ry much streightned, and is forced to bring not potent solutions, but pitiful evasions, which he calls his Wool-sacks. So far his wits are gone a wool-gathering, at the very first battery which Dr. Gauden makes against the Covenant, as to the invalidity of its authority, as so imposed, and as to the nullity of its matter, if not reconciled to what is lawful, just and honest in the great case of Episcopacy, or the rights of Bishops and other dignified Clergymen, according to law.

§. Here poor Mr. Z. Grafton, as a drowning man, catcheth at small twigs, yea, weeds, which sink him, be­ing of no deep reach, nor any skill in swiming.

1. He very gently observes a Legistative power to be at least co-ordinate in the two Houses: What, and can they legally exercise this power, without, yea against the Kings consent, being out of his non age, and not out of his wits? or are they Legislative in fact, where there is [...] law made? (as none was for the Covenant:) Was [Page 149] their Legislation here (in actu secund) in exercise or act? If not, to what end is that mentioned which hath no operation? As to commend a Writer for a Book he ne­ver writ, or an Architect for an House was never built. At best the two Houses alone, no, nor the King alone, or with them, have any Legislative power to decree or execute what is unrighteous against God or man.

2 His second nothing observed as his safety is, that a thing may bind in conscience, which doth not in law, or in the judicature of man: True, but nothing can bind in con­science which is against the laws of man, in cases of equity, justice and common right, and so the Covenant cannot either materially or formally, as to its authority or sponta­niety bind against Bishops and Episcopacy, as their just rights were setled, and still are by laws in force; against which no illegal Oath or Covenant can or ought to bind Subjects or Princes, who have no freedom to be unjust, sacrilegious, or to sin, much less to vow and covenant they will do so, and thereupon sin against all Law, Reason, Justice and conscience.

3. For Mr. Graftons Mr. Graftons rude urging the Kings ex­ample. bold and odious, no less then fal­lacious urging by a Presbyterian pertness, the present Kings taking the Covenant in Scotland, in such terms and forms as were then prescribed and imposed upon him, in his maturity of years, in the distress of his affairs, in the prevalency of that covenanting power and party: Truly it had better become Mr. Graftons modesty and good manners, to have been silent in this sad instance, I beleive he thinks his Majesty not much delighted to hear of it in some mens sense, as never much blessed after it, nor ever like to be in such a Presbyterian way a [...] is destructive of Episcopacy, and the rights of Bishops, Church and Clergy of England, who have no cause to [Page 150] glory of what was done in Scotland.

§. Besides the Kings taking it cannot make any thing in it lawful, that is by rules of Religion and civil Justice, unlawful, and what his Majesty did in Scotland, must not extend to Englands either King or People; against the immunities, and just interests of which, the King as [...] and Christian could not bind himself in Scotland; nor the Scots impose any such obligation by any Vow or Covenant upon his Majesty. Nor will Mr. Graftons smooth title of his most sacred Majesty, as oyl, either close or h [...]al, or supple the rough usage offered by some to his Majesty; or the wounds which must be made by the Covenant upon his and any mans conscience, in case it be not consistent with justice and honesty: Reduce the Covenant to that sense which Dr. Gauden contends for as just and religious, neither King nor Bishops, neither the honest S [...]t nor the honest English, neither Dr. Gauden nor Mr. Grafton will have cause to scruple or complain of the Covenant; it otherwise, the Kings taking it cannot make it lawful, and so it is as imprudently as impertinent­ly urged by Mr. Grafton.

4. His next defence against Dr. Gaudens battery, is not with a Woolsack, but with a brown-paper or cobweb, plea­ding (fieri non debuit, factum valet) it ought not to be done, but once done is good; which may not be plea­ded in moral cases, which being materially and formally too, unlawful or unjust, are to be repented of, and re­tracted, amends and restitution must be made, as well as repentance and retraction in such cases.

True, some things, in State policy and civil necessity, or legal formalities, or Bastards, though they should not have been begotten, yet they must not, if begotten and born, be murthered; because though the inordi­nacy [Page 151] of their original was evil, as the act of a creature; yet their being, and so their preservation is good, be­cause agreeable to the will and command of the holy Creator, forbidding to destroy any innocent reasonable creature; but this is not to be pleaded in events and ef­fects, that draw more evil in their sequel or maintain­ing, thou that which was in their beginning, cause or [...]asion. Here we must with all speed break off iniqui­ty, and its cords of vanity, Breve sit quod turpiter an­der; Not adde sin to sin, or portinacy to that wicked­ness which calls for immediate repentance. Nor do I believe Mr. Grafton allows that Baptism which he instanceth in of women, to be valid, any more then their preaching in Churches or Ordination, if any Bishop or Pres­byter should be so foolish as to ordain them.

5. The last and worst reparty of Mr. Grafton, Mr. Graftons feeble suppo­sal to g [...]e stre [...]gth to his reply. which dis­covers his great weakness and exhausted spirits, is bring­ing in a tumultuary rabble that should pretend to be a Pa [...]liament, and impose a covenant or vow on us, against the laws and immunities of the Church and State, King and people, which we like gudgeons (stulta fa­cilitate) swallow simply as their baits; Afterward we feel the book of fraud, fa [...]on, in iustice and rebellion; the poor man by a terrible ( [...]) super superstiti­on, is afraid of being exposed to a three years famine, in case he with other honest m [...]n should dare to re­sume their re [...]son and liberty; or keep themselves to those rules and actions of justice, which the laws of God and man prescribe; and from which these pitti­ful. [...]epanners and imposters sought to seduce them, you and oblige them to the [...]ar [...]ry unawares.

Here Mr. Graftons O [...]tory, Reason and civility seem again to fail his [...]eal, while he makes such a reflection [Page 451] on his Honorable covenanting Masters, by comparing them to Colliers when they acted as Kings. Grant them as [...]rderly and magnificent an honor as can be in a Parli­ament or Councel, yet not their civil glory and autho­rity, but their Reason and Religion is to be weighed, as obliging themselves and others. Can the man be afraid God will be angry for our not keeping unlawful vows: and not much more for keeping them, yea and for taking them too; yea and for keeping lawful vows unlawfully; that is breaking them by racking them to a superstitious stretch, or in a Presbyterian strapado, whatever number of men they be that act in such In­gagements.

§. It was all that Mr. Grafton did or could shew of wit and art in this defence, to withdraw presently, to make only such flourishes, and vanish; for in earnest the service was too hot for him; and this first Granado flew so terribly about his ears, that he durst not stay within our gunshot, for fear his brains should be bea­ten out, though he be a little mark or Picolhomini which the bolder Libeller feared not, who hath neither Brains nor Bowels, but only guts; if he, as Dives, may fare deliciously, be [...]reth not perhaps if the Bishops, like Lazarus starve on his dunghil; he resolves to keep the Lands and Houses he purchased so sacrile­giously, though he be blind: Dummodo vel caecus te­neat, &c.

§. Only here I beg Mr. Graftons favour for coupling him with, or subjoyning him to the wretched Libeller; not as to parallel their morals, civilities or intellectu­als; but finding them in the same trap, decoy or snare, I could not well part them till I had taken them out one be one.

§. But Dr. Gaudens main design is to pursue the crafty Libeller, whose strong scent like a Fox, taints all he treads on, and he is firmly carthed or burrowed in the Badgers nest, in a Bishops house and estate; But Badgers skins are used for the service of the Tabernacle, foxes never.

§. When this crafty Animal comes at the second Gulph, D [...] [...] the [...]ary and a [...]ed [...] which a [...] ­tended the C [...]venant [...] production. which Dr. Gauden hath placed between the Covenant and its either sanctity or legality, (in case it be urged against Law and Justice, to the ruine of Bishops and Episcopacy, established by Law and Catholick custom) is the tumultuating terrors of those times; the armed Legions in the midst of which the Covenant was contrived, conceived, and brought forth and imposed.

§. Here the Libeller cryes out very cunningly, and oratoriously of notorious untruths, of impudence raised to a Meridian heighth, but answers nothing; pleads neither guilty nor not guilty, refuses to be tryed by King, City, Lords, or Commons, Bishops, Clergy, or any honest men; who were all witnesses, and complained of those rude, violent, seditious, intolerable tumults; Of Tumu [...]. onely the Libeller as a stranger in our Israel knows nothing of them; they made well for him, they drove away the Divines, the Bishops, they obtained Ordinances, they were Midwives to the Covenant, and after-courses, ex­tirpating root and branch, they prepared for alienating the Church lands, and for D. Burges blessed purchase.

§. In this mud the Libeller and Mr. Grafton too are afraid to stick; therefore they nimbly skip over it, because they know in truth, honour, and [Page 178] Conscience, there lay the Original sin of our times; and the great occasion of our misery, out of this slough and mire of the tumults insuppressed. Du [...] cannot be drawn, though he were tyed to the tayls of whole troops of horse, which Dr. Burges once most valiantly led on to kill frogs, or to catch King [...]. Hence those verses grew famous,

Principium belli commota plebe tumultus,
[...]inis commota plebe tumultus erit.
As tumults first begun our wars,
So tumults shall conclude our jars.

Hugh Poters, now hanged, drawn and quartered, (though he never purchased Bishops lands) was more ingenuous in the point of tumults, of which, when great complaint was made by Lords and others, at a noble Farls Table, in the year 41. when they were most rude and outragious, against King and Bishops, Lords and Commons, Earl of Strafford and others; Hugh boldly vindicated them in Dr. Gaudens hear­ing, for the Parliaments best friends, Quorum pars magna fuit, he was their great leader and exciter. He protested the chiefest of them, were godly young­men, apprentices, and fore-men of shops, or freemen, who every week fasted and prayed for a blessing on their endeavours, that the earth might thus help the woman.

§. Thus he of their swarmings and insolency at Westminster and Whitehall: Dr. Gauden and thou­sands were witnesses; the Covenant he is sure, is not the more commendable, but more cautiously to be looked upon, for having been either swadled up, or soyled in such foul clouts; This makes it, by Mr. Graftons good leave, the more suspicious; for such [Page 179] seconds seldom intend good to honest men; Not that what is just and honestly done or decreed, is there­fore null, because tumults, as flyes, light on it, to taint it; but those are evil means, and pretend no good ends; the Covenants authority, due meaning and matter, are indeed more considered than the tumults, and armes; which yet did (to be sure) Sun-burn its beauty, although they did not wholly blast and burn it.

§. Alas what sorry shift men make, rather than they will see, and confesse, and deplore a fault! yea and a great one too, destructive to the honour, freedom, and very being of Kings and Parliaments, for such those pristine tumults were, by which and for which God so justly afterward punished even the great abetters, and movers of them, as justly and severely as King Zedekiah, who covenan­ted in the Name of God, upon such considerations of safety, life, honour, and liberty, as the Conque­ror had power to grant him; and he having power to accept upon swearing articles, his perjury was abominable to God and man, which is not the case of the Covenanters if unlawfully engaged, and by unlawful endeavours injurious to the King and the Church.

§. The valiant Libeller finding his coat of male to be no better than a purse-net, or a beggars patcht coat, very wisely voids the dint of Dr. Gaudens other forked arrows, not directly shot against the Covenant, as to any thing in it that is loyal, religious, just, and legal, but obliquely against the vapouring presumption of those who cry it up, beyond all civil Oaths, and Sacramental vows or Covenants; [Page 180] yea bey [...]nd the Lords Prayer, Creed, and ten Comm [...] [...]m [...]nt [...] many Presbyterian Spirits cry aloud for the Co [...]nant, who never use, or publickly own an [...] of [...] badges and bounds of a Christian, mo­ral, [...]o [...]tal, or Evangelical Covenant to God, to Christ, to the Church, to the King, and to one another.

[...].§. But in [...]est Mr. Crafton in more sober ze [...]l is [...], and answers against the objected no [...]lty and partiality of this Covenant, that it is neither near not partial, as to the point of Episco­pacy: If he means as to the Law or the desire of the Church of England, and as an act of the Nation, by it [...] King and Parliaments; the mistake is so grosse, that all times and Histories since the 10. of R. Eliz. [...] confute his Book, and either false or fallacious a [...]ertion.

It be mean not now, as to some inter factions and Schismatical sense, desires, endeavours, petitions, mo­ [...], threats, clamors, and seditions, tis confest to be v [...]lu [...] malum, an inveterate ulcer, (or old [...]) yet this answer is as impertinent, as if the Anabapt sts, and Brownists, or Famil [...]sts, should make the like plea, who have had their factors in England as [...]o [...] as Presbytery.

[...]. [...]. So [...]a [...]ling, all too palpable a Sophistry, that tho [...]gh the Covenant be new, yet by a legislative authority tis made valid, and antiquates all precedent Laws, wh [...]ch he must confesse did establish the H [...]erarchy; this is to play at bo-peep, not to dispute; for it is to beg and suppose that, which must never by granted, while his nose stands between his eyes, or his eyes are open; namely, That the 2. Houses in [Page 181] such a temper as they were, when first [...], viz. (apart in this from the King neither in mino­rity nor lunacy, but driven away by tu [...]ults as many of their own members) that these with the Assembly to boot) were the supr am [...] power, and did by their personal covenanting engage all the Nation and posterity, as much as Adam and all mankind in original sin.

§. I must here desire Mr. Grafton to b [...]te me an ace, nor is the repeated stroke at the Royal a [...]nt, by which he again lashes the King (as the Monks of Canterbury did K. Henry 3. after the death of Br [...]kes) this is not any grain of allowance added to the English Covenanters: for it was done in Scotland, post pactum & factum, when the Covenant in England was antiquated; and how it was done in S [...]otland, God knows, and some upon the place, as well as his Maj sty can best tell; To be sure, we in England are not bound by it, nor to take any n [...]tice of it, until King and Parliament put the case to Mr. Graf­ton and his Brethren of some new Assembly to resolve it.

§. What the Libeller after pretends,A [...] pag. 27. [...] Cove­nant. with intol­lerable impudence to take away this aspersion of Novelty from the Covenant, swelling big with Scripture patterns, with great shew of Histories old and new besides that of the holy league in [...]ran [...] and the Scotch Covenant of old, those leagues in Germany (I suppose he means the [...]us Smalcal [...] ­cum) and that of the Geneses in Flanders, with that of the Bohemians of later dayes, and so the Cantons and Albigenses, in their confederations: he might have added all federations, leagues, and compacts [Page 182] between Princes and States, so as to bring in the Turk, or Grand Signior for a Covenanter; This is the Libellers last sweet bit, to keep the Readers mouth in taste, with the relish of this new Covenant, as if it were as old as the Gibeonites bottles, or Methusalems beard; when God and all the wise world knows, this gourd is of ancient, or commendable note in any place of the Christian world. And in England but of yesternight, and soon blasted and withered, never flourishing but while it was watered with civil blood, and driven on to as­sert the interests of the Scotch, or English Presbyteri­ans; Here the w [...]y Antiquary and Historiographer of the Covenant did well, instead of instances, parallel and pat to his case, to make a long &c. like the Dragons tayl, and so to have the gaping Reader in a wood, where he can see no such trees of life.

Mr. Grafton defense of the [...] consequen­ces [...] Covenant§. Mr. Grafton goes as boldly to look on the next Gorgon, or Medusa's head, which Dr. Gauden sets forth to shew the horrour of those times, which began, continued, and ended the Covenant, as Presbyterian and Scotized with infinite prejudice to Church and State, King and People; It was indeed so far like that from Mount Sinae, with fire & smoke, earthquake and burning, and loud noise of trum­pets, attended with infinite mischief, fury, misery, confusion on King and Parliament, Priest and People; How far the covenanting Planet, or Spirit, had influence on these, I will not dispute; This is sure, we were very happy, to an envy and admiration, before it rose and appeared in the English Horizon: our Religion and Laws were sufficient to make us [Page 183] happy and holy; The Covenant never added one dram to either, or yet to relieve our lamps, but ra­ther to exasperate our publick differences, and in­ [...]ame our miseries; nor doth Dr. Gauden believe it ever will, in some mens Anti-episcopal sense, since it can never have any vertue equal to, much lesse beyond, or more benign than our former Laws of God and man, our Covenants and Oaths both civil and sacred. I pray God we keep within these bounds, we shall nee [...] [...]o charm or spell of such new found Covenants, or Engagements, or Abjura­tions, to keep out mischief and misery; I am sure, without a Spirit of proph [...]sie, or infallibility, that the urging of this Covenant to new and exotick senses, contrary to our former Laws, and good con­stitution, in Church and Kingdom, against Bishops and regular Episcopacy, will ever keep our wounds (now well closed) open, raw, and festered; but I hope the goodnesse of God and the wisdom of the King and Parliament, will be better to us than many of the first Covenanters intended, who certainly aimed wholly to swallow up the authority and reve­nues of Bishops, and all Cathedrals; The first as the feathers, or the skin, was to be shared among the poor preaching Presbyters, the other as the fat car­case among the rich ruling Elders the better to set off their weary office, and Ecclesiastical Ma­jesty, which must needs set up blew aprons to go­vern the Church, instead of Lawn-sleeves.

§. In the next reflection of Dr. Gaudens upon the Covenant, Mr. Grafton Of the after bafflings of the Cove­nant, excused by M Grafton. wishes he had been at the Doctors elbow, when he mentioned the after bafflings of the Covenant, in the Cromwellian and [Page 184] Idependent reign, or indeed in the Inter-regnum of [...], and publick hon [...]sty or Justice: [...], by saying Bre [...] did not [...] [...]n-co [...]nanting to the King; That the hou­ [...] [...] [...]iously content to accept his Majesties [...] and submissions without his co [...]enant­ [...]. [...] they were very mannerly, to give the King a little breath after so long baiting him; that C [...]en [...]nter [...] were pulled out of the house by the Ear [...]; that the lus [...] of some Souldiers first committ [...]d the rap [...] upon this modest Virgin, and un [...]potted Covenant.

[...]. Yet under Mr. Graftons favour, the vote of non [...] against the King, were passed by Co­venanters as yet unrouted by any military rudenesse; This was pretty nigh the prison, and block, and far from preservation of the person and dignity of his Majesty. The Covenant was by Sir Henry [...]ane and other [...], interpreted both in Print and Practice, with large dispensations of Loyalty, in case the King did not preserve what any prevalent faction called tr [...]e Religion, though far wide or short of that which was establis [...]ed in England, whose fence at least the Co [...]enant pulled up, as to Church Government, in some mens designs and sense, yes and de facto too; And truly as Mr. Grafton confesseth, the Covenant suffered, by force and policy; so Dr. Gauden sayes it began and prevailed by them; He Queries by what Argument of Reason and Religion it was ever [...]l [...]st [...]: Let him read the Oxford Queries, & others; I believe they will stick in his teeth, or break them before he chew and swallow them: for he hath but weak [...]aws, though he may have good appetite [Page 185] and digestion; Dr. Gauden queres also by what Ar­guments of right reason and Religion, by what Law of God or Man, by what commendable prece­dent, or to what good ends and uses was the Cove­nant sounded or improved, what was King or Par­liament, Church and State, or any honest man be­nefited by it?

§. Tis true, some Presbyterian Covenanters ha­ving run themselves out of breath, and being now hunted to a bay by the insolent Army, by eager In­dependents, and Fanatick-factions, fled for Sanctuary to the Covenant, and to the King for a Treaty, that they might not be taken in the traps and pinfolds of perjurious engagements and abjurations; So the Scots more adventurously than valiantly or success­fully, with Mr. Love and some other puny projectors in England, sought to bouy up the baffled and sinking Interests of the Covenant in a Presbyterian sense; especially when they fancied the Kings necessities would invite him to embarque in that bottom, or to sink for fear; imagining all the old Ark of Episco­pacy was shipwracked past recovery.

§. If his present Majesty do indeed owe so much of his restauration to the Covenanters, in the Pres­byterian sense and strain; Tis well they have had a mind and an occasion to make some reparation for the former detriment they gave him; For this combination and interest against Episcopacy, with­out doubt, first damnified and destroyed the former King, of which I have greater grounds than it is fit to tell all the world: I pray God the sober Cove­nanters persevere in their now Loyal moderation, who pretend readinesse to comply with regular [Page 186] Episcopacy; But it will be the Kings and Parliaments wisdom, not to trust too much to any mens good natures; I doubt some will be prone to abate much of their Loyalty, if the King really set up ancient and legal Episcopacy, according to the best constitu­tion of our Lawes, and the pattern of the best Churches of old, to which the Church of England was nearest conformed of any reformed.

§. Nor is Dr. Gauden so Illogical, or Atheological, as to infer a nulling of all things in the Covenant by the Apostacy or perversnesse of some men who took it, nor yet by the rigour of others, who now urge it, (in temporibus mollioribus & melioribus) to such a rude and unjust Anti-Episcopal sense, from which Dr. Gauden seeks to restrain it; yea Reason, Law, and all Conscience do restrain it from such a sense, or else they null and vacate it, so far as it is novel, factious, [...]alluable, and irreconcileable to the just interest of Church and State, of King and Bishop [...], to the custome and constitution of this and all other ancient Churches, who never used not dreamed of Presbyters, as any headlesse government of Christs church, apart from, and insubordinate to, much lesse opposed against the Apostolick successional honour, and ordinary eminency of Episcopal authority. To which if Mr. Grafton and other honest me [...] will cheerfully submit, according to Laws Ecclesiasti­cal and civil, the dispute about the Covenant is at an end; we shall not need to contend any more, but onely to exceed one another in Piety, Love, and Loyalty, [...], which strife will better become us all as Men, and Christians, and Ministers.

After this bickering of the fallacious Libeller (in order to make good his fourth Proposition, That Dr. Gaudens main design is wholly to vilifie, make odious, and destroy the Covenant) He seeks to recon­cile the Covenant,Libel page 12. Grafton p 17 Of reconci­ling the Co­venant to former legal authority. with the former Oaths taken by the King, or the clergy, or other of the Kings Sub­jects, with which he confesseth the Covenant, as a late invention and preter-legall imposition, ought not in Conscience to enterfere, which many were very jealous of; especially when they heard it urged by some to an extirpation of the ancient ho­nour, just authority, and legal right, due by our Law to Bishops and Episcopacy.

§. To which (beyond all peradventure) the late pious King was bound by his solemn Oath at his coro­nation; with which no Papal, popular, or Presbyterian power can dispense; especially since it was not a temporary Oath, as occasion and time did invite; but it was founded on moral, and those eternal princi­ples of justice, which every King is by Law and Conscience bound to do, as to every Subject, so specially to the worthy Clergy, because in doing them justice, he doth it to his own soul, and to the souls of all his Subjects, yea to the whole Church; yea to Christ himself, and to God, who is con­cerned as in his anointed, so in his Prophets, that no harm or injury be done to them.

§. Nor is his present Majesty (as Mr. Grafton seems to reply) any way absolved from these tyes of conscience, to the loyal Clergy, the reverend Bishops, and others in England, by any forced or passive taking of the Covenant in Scotland, For as no after Oath can vacate the just bond of a former, yet in [Page 188] force [...] So nor can any Oath, Vow, or Covenant, be lawfully taken or kept, that shall either pretend to absolve a Prince, or any man from the moral obligations of Justice and duty to God or Man; or which shall oblige him to do any thing contrary to what is morally good, or legally just and due: If the Covenant be thus interpreted, and executed in an injurious and sacrilegious sense, (as some would have it) to strip and spoil any one Bishop, or other honest man of his estate, liberty, or honour, no way forfeited by him, it will become a band of ini­quity, a snare to sin, and a burden for oppression; And must needs be so far unlawful, by God and mans Laws, utterly null and void as to any obliga­tion upon the soul of any King or Subject.

Of the [...] to the King and [...] on to Episcopal [...]rity established by [...] Law [...].§. But the Libeller very briskly demands, sup­posing the Covenans to be against all Episcopacy, what is that to our Oathes of Allegiance and Suprema­cy? Can no man be true to Kings, but he that is for Bishops? and those that most eagerly destroyed Bishops, made no bones to kill the King, and expel his Posterity; Tis true indeed, those that durst buy Bishops Lauds, did never stick at Kings; and yet we see many Covenanters were at last zealous for the King! &c. So Mr. Grafton, in a calmer way, sayes, non constat; it appears not how there should be any contradiction found between the Covenant (as against Episcopal Interests) and the Oaths of Allegi­ance and Supremacy.

Answ. To both these Dr. Gauden replies, That if the Covenant be urged by a Presbyterian rigor, against the lawful Authority, just rights and pri­stine honor of Bishops and Episcopacy (against which [Page 189] injurious and perfidious sense Doctor Gauden con­tends) it is not onely to be suspected, but so far flatly condemned, as unlawful; and diametrally thwarting former lawful Oaths of King and Subjects; besides the rules of moral justice & common hon [...]sty. 1. The Oath of Allegiance binds us to pay to the King all that duty, which by the Law we owe to him, both in active and passive obedience; which no Covenanter can duly perform, if by that Covenant he fancy himself bound against that part of the rule of his obedience; namely, the Laws which concern those Governours, and that government of the Church, which is, and ought in all Conscience and honour (for the main) to be established in the way of Episcopacy; The rigid Anti-episcopal Covenanter seemed readier to destroy all Bishops and Episcopacy, yea and all Kings with Monarchy, rather than obey Bishops, and in them the King, according to Law; §. Which is evidently proved by the rigorous and riotous practices of those hot-headed Covenanters, who made it their work to plunder and imprison Bishops, to rout and destroy them all, to exautorate them from all office in the Church as Bishops, to cut off all suc­cession, to tear from them their estates, houses and lands, belonging to their persons and dignity; In fine, to use, or rather abuse grave, learned, godly, aged and most worthy men, so as was not sit in a land of Righteousnesse to have used the meanest cobler; and all this commanded or done by such as had taken the Oath of Allegiance to the King, to serve him faithfully and his Ministers in Church and State, according to Law; He accordingly com­mands them to let Bishops and the Laws for them [Page 190] continue as of right they ought; They labour might and main to overthrow both, in compliance to the Covenant, but in real contradiction to their Oath of Allegiance, bringing in, setting up, and obeying an Ecclesiastical and civil power, above yea and a­gainst the King, and his laws yet in force.

§. And for the Oath of Supremacy, which binds the Subject to the agnition of, and subjection to that chief authority, which the King by Law hath in Ecclesiastical, as well as civil affairs, so far as con­cerns that externum dominium, policy, power, or Empire, which requires, enables, and protects every one in doing their place and duty, in things Spiri­tual or Ecclesiastical, as well as secular and civil; How can the Covenant conform to this Oath, if it be urged in such a sense against Episcopacy, and Bi­shops doing their duty, according to Law, that they shall not have any office, power, or estate left them as Bishops; no nor the King either liberty or power to protect them, and their either rights or authority in the Church; Such sense and practices doubtlesse are diametrally opposite to the Oath of Supremacy, and set up a superiour power above the King's, in things Ecclesiastical, not that of one in the Pope's of Rome, but that of the many Popeless men, of popular (Presbyterian or Independent) principles, who resolved either to rule or ruine both King and People, Bishops and Presbyters, Church and Kingdom; I shall not need further to instance in the Oath of canonical obedience, by which Mini­sters were bound in licitis & honestis to obey their Bishops actively, and in other things to suffer with­out sedition or faction against their office and au­ [...]hority.

§. Either (then) reduce the Covenant to such a sense as is subordinate to these Oaths and duties in them enjoyned, to Bishops, to the rule, and to God, which will end the controversie; or else confesse these superfetations of any novel leagues, vowes, and covenants, repugnant to former lawful oaths, must so far as such, be necessarily null and void in law and conscience, without any charge of manifest blasphemie, which the ridiculous Libeller vaunts, but proves not at all.

§. Declare then (O you moderate Presbyterians) and you sober Covenanters, your loyal quiescency under Episcopacy, in its just authority, of which the Laws are the most impartial Judges; let the Bishops and other Church-men have their rights of estate and honour restored, as is by Laws of God and man due; Dr. Gauden will no more molest you, or your Covenant; He shall be glad to see that fulfilled which the lewd Libeller is forced, page 7. to confesse, That the Covenant is so far from any sense or intention to extirpate any Episcopacy They are forced to bring the Co­venant to Episcopacy. that is truly Apostolick and Primitive, agreeable to sound doctrine, and the power of godlinesse, that it plainly includes, rather a binding of all Covenanters to endeavour by all lawful wayes to procure it, (which seems also the sense of Mr. Grafton in his sober mode.)

§. O aurea & bracteata sententia, O well spoken, but most unworthy the mouth or pen of such a putid Libeller, such an unautoritative Anonymus! It is as a jewel in a Swines snout; Mr. Grafton; I believe, may mean honestly, but the Libeller is a droll, and will equivocate, by his if there be any such Episcopacy &c. He will never esteem any Episcopacy primitive, [Page 192] which is not pure, and persecuted; For the Anatomist is such a sworn friend, servant and slave to the Sacril [...]gious Dr. Burges, that he will never consent, that there shall ever be such an Episcopacy procured by his covenanting help, which will de­prive Dr. Burges of his pleasant Bishops Lands and Houses.

The [...]. [...] Nor dare this false and imp [...]dent Libeller, shew his [...], and deny, but we had in the Church of England saving the bonds and distresses of pri­mitive Bishops, which of late years have also be­faln ours) such Bishops as every way equaled those of the first 300. years, and those of the next [...]. most flourishing time of the Church; yea, and the Episcopacy setled in the Church of England, was for the main of the ends, offices, u­ses, power and authority, such as all antiquity de­scribes to us: This Anatomist like a varlet, is con­cerned to defame all our Bishops, and all our loyal Episcopal Government, because they might possi­bly have some decent Customs, civil Priviledges, and outward Ornaments different from those Pri­mitive Bishops; but they had the same substance: Their nature, gifts, grace, authority, office, use and ends the same, though in some outward cir­cumstances they might vary.

§ Which truth, if this scurrilous Libeller can be ignorant of, as he pretends by his if, let him ask his Dr. Burges, an Episcopal Divine of old, ordained, possibly confirmed by Bishops, more than once (I suppose) sworn to Bishops, as own­ing and submitting to their lawful power; which so grave and learned a Doctor would not have done [Page 193] sure, meerly to gain a brace of good livings, if hee had not in his conscience, as well as in his writings heretofore justified that ancient Episcopacy which was Established by laws in England; Sure the man though a Sacrilegist, is not (yet) such a through pa [...]'d Apostate as to have renounced his Episcopal Or­dination, and in stead of Bishops Palms to have fallen under Presbyterian fists; nor could this Dr. Burges (an oracle sure to this Libeller) be so blind a buzzard as to see in all England no other quiet sober and prudent Bishop but Dr. Juxon of London; A [...]n [...]t Page 1 [...]. did none preach, write, live, do the duty of a Bishop but only He? Tis well if that blessed Prelate, (whom the Libeller dare own with respect) con­tinue still in his and Dr. Burges favour, now he is Arch-Bishop of Canterbury; But possibly his Lord­ship may do Dr. Burges as good turns (in some other way equivalent to compurgation) as he did when he was Bishop of London; The truth is, that venerable Prelate was ever thought of a mild gentle temper, and possibly had not a whip smart enough for the back of some petulant and wanton Asses who are prone now unseasonably to fawn upon him, rather to his reproach than his honour.

§. Besides all this, which is justly reflected upon the Covenant, as (in some mens sence inconsistent with the Oath, of Allegiance and Supremacy, The practice of many Co­venanters cau [...]e of the oaths of Al­legiance and Supremicy. by which Subjects are bound to obey as well, as own the Kings lawfull Authority in Church and State) there wanted not, as I formerly touched, even those who found out limitations, yea and pleaded dispensati­ons by the antiquity of the Covenant, for their sworn Allegiance to preserve the King; for they pinched up their duty to this point, not in their own, but [Page 194] in his Majesties preservation of true Religion, of which if they and their faction judged the King to fayle, in what sence so ever they took true Religion, Actum est de fidelitate, they had power to give by the Covenant a bill of divorce to their Allegiance; yea that the King persisted to preserve Bishops and their both Office and estates in England, they would exclaim, he did not preserve true Religion, which was only to be kept in the new cask of Presbytery and Independency; The old vessel of Episcopacy they pretended was so weak and decayed, that there was no mending it; indeed they had a mind to fill their Terces and Runlets, out of that Tun, and to draw out all the Sweet of authority, riches and honour, which they knew had for many ages (as the wine in the tun of Heidelberg) been preserved, with­out being ever quite exhausted; But the misery was, not onely these new vessels brake, as unable to hold the Spirits of the old wine, but the good wine it self of Church Government was at length so spils and wasted, as to its pristine virtue and spirit, that it came to nothing, nor can ever recover its vigor, till refunded into its pristine consistence of Episc [...]pal authority and eminency, asisted by the pre­sence and counsel of grave and select Presbyters.

§. For the Oath of canonical obedience,Of the oath of Canonical obedience. it was not the invention or injunction of Bishops, as is pretended, but of the supreme authority in this Nation, and binding no further then things lawfull by Gods and mans Law. Its force must needs con­tinue upon the takers as obligatory to such obedi­ence and submission to Bishops; nor can ye after Covenant either dissolve that oath or absolve the [Page 195] sworn Clergy from the duties of it, to be performed in due time and place as required of them; The Libeller indeed gapes as wide, and strains as sore to cast up this Oath and clear himself wholly of it, as the Whale did when he cased its maw of Jonah; but in vaine; for instead of reasoning against the oath (which could not but be Lawfull, since limited to licita et honesta, and by lawfull authority imposed, he falls a rayling like an insolent fellow, not only against our Bishops, the worst of which was much his better, but of all our late episcopacy which he labours most passionately to be rid of; because indeed to that legal and Evangelical Episcopacy be­longed of right the Lands and Houses which his Dr. Burges hath so good a share in.

§. Thus having only spit at, but not disputed any thing against that oath, with which its pro­bable he was more then once sworn; He very po­litickly, as a drunkard doth his snuffs, casts away that oath, with a farewell such an oath; This is the complement of a soul not much concerned in any oath, which he hath once lawfully taken, as that all were to be slighted but this Covenant; But oaths once lawfully taken, are not so easily shaken of; They stick faster upon conscience, than the shackels on prisoners leggs, or deserved brands on the hands and foreheads of perjurious Apostates and fellonious sacrilegists.

§. To the last Sceptical question which in this paragraph the Libeller makes (with hopes to encourage the legislative power, Of Power in Parliaments of England, to abolish Episcopacy. to change Govern­ment by Bishops) which will be much to the ad­vantage of his Friend Dr. Burges who hath sought [Page 196] to change the property of Bishops estates; Dr. Gau [...]n [...] answer it, first he should have done plain­ly and honestly to have stayd his Sacrilegious pur­chas [...] till the L [...]gi [...]lative Power had indeed changed the Government by Episcopacy, which is not yet done; and so what is done without it, is not lawfull. [...]. What the power of Parliaments, the King, Lords, & Commons, it, Dr. Gauden will not dispute; But this he peremtorily determines, that they have no prudent morall religions and lawfull power to change an An [...]ient universal and excellent Government by Bishops to any that is as new and Schismatical, so far worse and unsuitable to England every way. Christian Kings and their Parliaments are obliged to the Laws of God, and Rules of Christian piety and polity too, of which the whole Church in its Primitive example and constant custome is the best interpreter; as no legislative power is empowred by Gods Laws to br ng in Heresie and errour, & super­stition; so nor Schism, faction or confusion by causelesly wuding, or taking from the essentials of sound doctrine and Christian communion, ever owned and maintained in the Church of Christ; Nor is this censure any condemning of the Churches of Christ, which have layd as he pretends. Episcopacy aside, For they are few, if any of good esteem, that have done so, by choise, but only pleading the excuse of necesity, where either popular prejudices, or Princes covetousness and aversnesse will not per­mit the Churches under them to have such Bishops and Episcopacy as they do approve, desire and prefer before any other Government, if they could obtain it.

§. Which judgement and vote of the best re­formed Churches wanting Bishops, frees them from the guilt of Schism, or factions and voluntary sepa­ration from the Catholick custome, or Episcopal Communion, which they venerate and preserve to­ward those Reformed Churches, which as England and many others, preserve the pristine governm [...]nt of Episcopacy, which the power of Parliaments in England may reform; but (I humbly conceive) they cannot de jure, of right, with honour, prudence, and conscience, ruine, or extirpate, since no Religion or Reason can ever make it either necessary or convenient so to do; Nor can the Covenant (which hath no legislative authority on it) pretend a power so to do; nor ought its meaning and intent to be so urged, contrary to the duty of Subjects to their Kings, and of Presbyters to their Bishops, and of p [...]ople to both; which was that Dr. Gauden had proved at first, in order to reconcile the Covenant with E­piscopacy.

§. And this may suffice for a reply to both these Inquisitions, O [...] Episcopa­ [...] [...] p [...]imi­tive and Ca­th [...]lick. as to the weak and Pleocian re-party, they make against Dr. Gaudens seventh jealousie, that if the Covenant sounds wholly Anti-episcopal, it will savour strongly as Schismatical, that is, needlesse se­paration from Catholick custome and Commu­nion.

§. The jealousies of Romes challenging the name of Catholick, are popular and impertinent; For that Church may have, and truly hath, some things so Catholick and Christi [...]n in it, as will make those both unchristian and Antichristian, who upon no other ground reject them; It is no Magistery but [Page 198] sober Truth becomes a Minister of Christ, to assert the universal Tradition, both of judgement and practice, ever eminent in the Church of Christ, as to the use and authority of Episcopal government, as well as of Infant-Baptism, the Lords day, and the Scripture canon; Nor is the Notion of Episco­pal authority obscure, what it means, as Mr. Grafton pretends; All Histories of the Church clear it, nor was either Dr. Reynolds, Bishop Ʋsher, Mr. Calvin, Bishop Jewel, Lanchy, Diodate or Blundel against it, as to ordination, confirmation, and jurisdiction, as managed principally by Bishops, even from the Apostles daies, without any instance of any setled Church without them; not as Masters and Lords, but as Pastors, Bre­thren, and Fathers, over the several degrees of Pres­byters and People; till the loubelling Libeller doth prove to the contrary, he must be esteemed by Dr. Gauden, magnus Apollyon, a meer Abaddon, a cruel Schismatick, seeking to destroy an excellent part of the Churches policy, honour, order, and government, which Episcopacy and Bishops ever were, not in an equivocal and levelling sense, to confound Bishops and Presbyters by a silly Logomachy, or cavil of names, but by a real, and rational difference of place, ho­nour, office, authority, and use in the Church of Christ, which no learned man can doubt of, nor ingenuous man deny.

§. The eighth difficulty which Dr. Gauden urged as to some mens dangerous restriction of the Cove­nant, Questioning the Cove­nant to a sense [...]cial and lawful. seems to presse heavy on both the Anatomist and the Analeptist; neither of them can deny what is affirmed by Dr. Gauden, that nothing can bind in such Covenants, but that which is materially law­ful [Page 199] in them; this binds by the private personal and spontaneous susception, although there be not any publick lawful authority imposing, which the Cove­nant wants, and so it hath no publick and national or successional obligation, which just decerning of what is moral and judicial, in soro externo and interno, va­lid and obligatory, if the Libeller had had the wit to disti [...]guish, and the honesty to own, he would not have cryed out of jugling, an Art in which he is well skilled; If any man have a mind to take the Covenant even now, he may do it upon his pri­vate satisfaction, as to the matter and sense of it; but sure there is no Magistrate in England, who by any Law can require it of him, as a publick impo­sition; If the Libeller be yet blind, sure his nose hangs in his light.

§. Little Mr. Grafton Mr. Graftons [...]gor against the whole Hierarchy of the Church of England. here after some shuffling and confusion (as is his custome in arguing) definitively resolves (as if he had been in the bosom of those that first composed the Covenant) that it expresly binds against the very form and Fabrick of the late Hierarchy, by Laws established in England, and not against its abuses, excesses, or defects onely; as if the integral constitution of the Church, as Episcopal, were to be quite pulled down, and a new form esta­blished, of his and other good mens modelling; This is to speak out, true-blew high Presbyterian language, without any lisp or Sibboleth.

§. But good Mr. Grafton, if abuses, excesses, and defects of our Episcopal former constitution or exe­cution be reformed, what can remain but the good, which you say is fit to be used? Can any man with judgement and Conscience covenant against the [Page 200] good, and carry on his endeavours against it, which he must do, who will go beyond the abuses and luxuriances (as some more moderate consine their sense of the Covenant, in their answer to the Kings late Declaration) but who shall judge of what is good and in to be retained and used? sure Mr. Graf­ton and hi [...] fraternity intend to be the censors. What if the Supream power do judge the Fabrick of Episcopacy for the main to be very good, (and sure they did so, when they so long retained and esta­blished it by many laws) How dare any conscien­tious [...]ovenanter go about to extirpate it (in case they dislike the whole frame) further than to pray and petition, if he be unsatisfied? which petitioning Covenanter would never have hurt Bishops, nor got away their estates. If Mr. Grafton be cured of his diseases, is it not enough to justifie his Physician? Must his whole body be taken in pieces, codled and par-boyled, as Mede [...] did Jasons, or he will not believe himself healed▪ This is so wild and violent a fancy as I am sorry to find in a person pretending to dis­cretion; for this is to engage the begot Covenanters never to be quiet in the point of Episcopal gov [...]rn­ment; if any name or thing remains, they will still cry This is none of the good materials, this is part of the old Fabrick, which we covenanted to destroy; §. Sure if the Covenant and Covenanters be capable of no [...]ofter sense, they will hardly be reconciled to that Episcopacy, which the wise and good Laws of England had established, agreeable to Primitive and Catholick patterns; Hence they will be ever either pragmatical, to bring in their own new forms, of repugnant and restive against that which now is, [Page 201] and for the main ever will I hope be as best, esta­blished in the Church by the Kings and Parliam [...]nts and Convocations of England, who may as soon hope to fit the Moon with a coat, as to suit Church g [...]vernment to such mens proud and pragmatick fancies, who dare not onely to dispute, but to dictate to their superiors and betters both in Church and State, what they would have abolished, and what preserved; This is not the modesty of, the sober Presbyterians, who I am sure are much disposed to, and desirous of Episcopal government, with its due regulations, and legal administrations; but it is ra­ther the impatient ambition of levelling, seditious and unquiet spirits, who never think any thing well done, till they have quite undone all; as the Taylor that snipt the Welst-mans suit at last into a button; §. Nor would Mr. Grafton have adventured with as little reason as modesty and moderation,Mr Graftons dictatorian presu [...]ption in Church government against his Maiesties judgement and practice. thus far to have expressed the design of his rigid party, if he and they had not presumed more of the Kings indulgence, than of his judgement, which surely prefers Episcopacy before any other way of Church government, as his actions proclaim, in ma­king and translating and confirming Bishops; The justifica­tion of the Kings judge­ment and pratice in point of E­piscopacy. For which action worthy of a Christian King, and a nu [...]sing Father of the Church, his Majesty hath the great examples and good consciences no lesse than policy of his excellent Father, his learned Grandfather, the renowned Q. Elizabeth, the religious and first re­forming King Edward, yea all our first Martyrly re­formers, all following Parliaments; yea all the pra­ctices of all Christian Kings and Emperours of elder and later ages, yea of all the Fathers of the Church, [Page 202] and of all Christian Churches from the beginning, in all ages and places (as in England) to this day; yea and doubtless he hath the institution of Christ, in the 17. and 70. Also the practice of the great A­postles who were chief occumenical Bishops, and of their successors, still principal Bishops, above and besides Presbyters, and this in the very times of some of the Apostles, and by their appointment, as Bishop Ʋsher and others prove out of the testi­monies of the ancients; yea and his Majesty hath the pattern and proportion of divine policy, in the old Testament and Church of the Jews, agreeable to the tenour of the word of the God, who is a God of wisdom, order, and good government, as well as of truth, besides the considerations of the present want of that Government, the inconsistence of any other, with Englands laws and tempers.

§. After all which great and innumerable ad­vantages, the late rudenesse and ruines, the tra­gedies and confusions which have followed its ab­sence, all which are sufficient to establish the Kings Conscience, and hasten his prone care to restore Episcopacy and its rights) it were further a strange and pittiful degrading of his Royal Majesty, if instead of maintaining learned, grave, and worthy Bishops according to Law, to be honourable fathers and Governours of the Church under him, and if instead of his own Supream and Sacred Honour, to be (as his pious predecessors were) a nursing Father of these Fathers, and their obedient Sons his Clergy, to make himself a ward and minor to some petty Presbyters, and their juncto's or classes, who neither in preaching nor praying, many of them do own [Page 203] the Kings Supremacy, because themselves it seems affect such a supream Church government and disci­pline of Jesus Christ, as must by them be managed above, yea without and against the King, if need be; which old leaven, and ambitious principle of unruly Spirits long ago discovered, and of late violently managed even to blood, his Majesty shall do well then to nourish, when he hath a mind to be a Subject to his Subjects, yea and the very bran of them; men most-what of the coursest Plebeian, and rudest Spirits, who are not to be won by good words, or convinced by fair disputes, but they must be ruled with a rod of iron, that just severity of power, which God and the Law have put into his Majesties hands; For if he still ask some mens crowing brains, how he shall rule Church and State, they will ne­ver resolve him, till after many odd and new essays, they have dissolved all into Anarchy and confusion again, as his late Majesty and all our miserable ex­periences have taught all honest and wise men to their cost.

§. If Mr. Grafton and his rigid covenanting Pres­byters be of these severe Principles,The vain and proud severity of Mr. Grafton. and castigating resolutions, if these be his rods for Kings and Bi­shops, they should do well to find out another En­gland, for out of old England they have not yet, nor are like in hast to drive out Episcopacy and Bi­shops, as they sometimes hoped, either by the Scotch sword, which at last wounded themselves, or by the ranknesse and rigor of the Covenant, whose sense it seems they have a mind to raise to an hangoust, beyond what others of more moderate spirits and palato [...] desire or design.

§. This just rebuke I thought fit in charit [...] to use, not only to repress the pertnes and petulancy of this Presbyterian distemper, which dares yet to threaten, whether the King and Parliament will or no, a demolition and destruction to the whole frame of our pristine Episcopacy (which for the main was excellent (as appears in the reformatio legum Ecclesiasticarum in Anglia; prepared in Edward the [...]. dayes. Also in Dr. Cosins his learned Tables de­dicated to King James, besides our long happy experience of Gods blessings to Church and State by it and under it;) But also in vindication of his Majesties Supremacy, and the whole Nations liberty, which must not now after so long a storme be by obscure and petty Presbyters exposed a new to such dangers and distractions, as some Fanatick Innovators threatens to Church and State, under pretence (for­sooth) of a Covenant, which hath no legal stamp of humane authority on it, nor yet of any moral or divine precept, unless its sense be hon [...]stly, humbly, & obedintially reduced to that which agrees to the Law of God and of this Kingdome, concluding o­bed [...]ence to the King and all Lawfull superiors un­der him and so to Bishops in all things, not moral­ly contrary to the Word of God; For Political Ce­remonial and Circumstantial variations, do break no squares, nor make things inconsistent, either with Gods Word, or a good Conscience; where God hath left Liberty and Authority to his Church and the chief governours of it, Kings or Bishops to order things as they shall judge most decent and convenient, for the publick good and peace of Church and State.

§. Both which (beyond all peradventure) as to your Order, Dignity, Honour and Happinesse, are not to be contrived or maintained in England by any way of Church government, save that of regular Episcopacy, which will effectually do the good work desired by all honest men, and all loyal Covenanters; If the Church be but furnished with such Bishops, and they with such honour and autho­rity, as well as prudence, industry and modera­tion as are necessary for the great ends of Church government, also for the distempers of the times, and the expectation of all good men, who are as weary of Schismes, as of civil warrs: And are no more concerned in the Scotch Presbytery, than the Scots Covenanters are in the English Epis­copacy.

§. Having thus a little strapped the sweetnesse of Mr. Grafton, and muzled the mouth of the bark­ing, and as he thinks, biting Libeller. Dr. Gau­den comes to the ninth reflection;D [...]. Gaudens 9th reflecti­on vindica­ted a [...] to the Scriptural strength of the Cove­nant. which affirms, that the Scripture Authority, recommends to us but one grand religious moral Covenant; and this never taken by people, but either by Gods immedi­ate command, or renewed and infused after the Publick losses and Apostasies of times, either by the command of the supreme power, as by some Prophet immediately sent from God, and working Miracles: None of which either, [...] to divine mis­sion, or the Kings commission, can be alleaged for the Covenant, so as to make it of [...]ublique Religi­ous Authority.

§. Here the rabbid Libeller un [...]ppily opens with the fo [...] words of Harlot, and Whore, with whose [Page 206] manners probably he may be long acquainted, their names are so near his tongue and pen, as if he had compurgated more then once; There he calls Dr. Gauden a deceiver and proves it, because, Jos. 9.15. There was a civil or politick covenant made betwixt the Princes of Israel and the Gibeoni­tes without Joshuas privity at first. §. For answer, I must ask where is the forehead of this sophister? So there might be many hundred secular and humane covenants or civil Leagues between Nations, Kings and Kingdoms, as in Davids and Solomons times, which yet were no sacred, new or or renewed Religious National Covenants, which the body politick, or some parts of it, took with­out the head or chief Governour; The thing that the Libeller must prove, or else he is the de­ceiver.

§. Another Essay he hath to prove, there were se­veral other Religious Covenants, besides that one in which God engaged his people to himself, & himself to them, is from Jer. 50.5. Where his concordance shewing him the word Covenant, he presently fancies a new one of different kind, when that was but an humble and penetential renewing of that first and onely holy Covenant wherewith the people of Israel were engaged to God, and God to them, upon their keeping his Covenant; Nor is the word Covenant in all the old Testament used in the plurall number, there being but one ever given or owned by the one, and only true God.

§. After this the Libeller talks of his omitting sundry other covenants, which he can no where find, but in his ficticious fancy; And [...]th the [Page 207] cavilling impudence to deny that Moses under God was King in Jesurun, that is supreme in civil Power and Administration under God,;Libel. Page 15. At last he turns Cat in pan, and confesseth there was but on [...] legal Covenant which included all the moral, poti­tical and ceremonial appointments of God; as cir­cumcision, Passover, sacrifices, Temple, festivals, &c. Yet he brings in these particulars as distinct and oft renewed Covenants, which is not to argue against any thing, but his own folly and impudence, for all these belong to that one legal Covenant, as much as his fingers and ears belong to his body or head; But the Libeller was only to vapour and sophisticate, nor hath he any better ware in his budget.

§. Mr. Graf. Grafton Page 2 [...]. here runs in a calmer, but not clearer stream, than the Libeller; And desires a demon­stration to prove that, that one compleat and grand Covenant once given by God to the Jews, was the onely rule and dictate of what matter they should Covenant; He may as well ask a Demonstration to prove, there is but one God, and one true Religi­on for the substance and main, and this one God the Author of this one Religion; All which are con­fessed by all, but Athists and Polytheists, if he means as to the lameness of the words formably used in their renewing this Covenant, either by re­pentings of their Apostacy, or repeated celebrations of it, it needs no answer, the question is so frivolous; for all they did or said as to variety of expressions or circumstances, did not, nor could not alter that our divinely given Covenant, but were confined to it, and morally measured by it; For it included all moral duties to God and man.

§. Their private Covenants and spontan [...]ous [...] also had their Rules and limits, as well as force & vigour, from this being void if repugnant to it, or firm if consonant with it; So that Mr. Grafton may as well seek for more Sons th [...]n one, as more Covenants moral and religious appointed by God, whose name is one.

[...] Nor had there needed such variety of compo­sures, such heaps and cumulations of 666. words in this new Scotch Covenant, if all men had intended simply Gods one truly Covenant, there needed as more than to have obliged our selves to live ac­cording to the word of God, and the Laws of the Land; But these generals would not serve some mens designes who must down with Bishops, and others with Kings, to get their estates and power; Against neither of which any word of God com­mands us no Covenant, but to submit to and obey them, so that neither the particular matter of the Covenant nor the phrase and form or words, are either expressed or warranted by the word of God, (as Mr. Grafton affirms) if it be not reduced to such a moral and just sense, as becomes honest men, good Christians and loyal subjects; The first may not by Gods word do injury to any man, and so not to Bishops, who have been and were in England the best of men. The second cannot Schismatise from the Catholick use and custom of all the Churches of Christ (and his own particular) in things conform to Christs word. The third can­not rudely resolve and Covenant to alter the Laws of the Land, good or bad, without and against the will of the King; Unless the Covenant be turned [Page 209] to these three harmonies Dr. Gauden cannot look up­on it in its matter, forme or authority, as other than the petty composure of a few pragmatical [...]oli [...] ­tians compared to the grandure of this Church and ampleness of this Kingdome; Tis certain, neither King nor Bishop, neither full and free Parliament, nor national Synod or Convention, ever either in­vented or composed or imposed this Covenant. §. Nor can there be any thing in it considerable as to conscience, further than some mens, & all these but subject, private, personal, and spontaneous, de­claring before God the sense of their duty to God and man, which they professed as in Gods presence they would endeavour to perform, as became them, with in the bounds of Gods and mans Laws; How this could bind or enable any men to do what some have done, and still desire to do violently, in­juriously, sacrilegiously, against the excellent Bishops and the whole Ecclesiastical state of this Church of England, I cannot see, nor Mr. Grafton neither, though he put on his Presbyterian Spectacles, made a [...] Edinbrough; As for the Libeller and Dr. Burges, they have so many great Beams and stones of Bishops and Deans-houses in their eyes, so much of their Earth and Lands in their hearts, that there is no ex­pecting any right reason or Religion from them, till their fat hearts be made leaner, and their heavy purses somthing lighter.

§. The next cavil made against Dr. Gaudens just reflection upon the Covenant,Of the A­p [...]stacy of the Church of England supp sed by the Libeller and some Covenanters as a thing no way necessary to be set up with so much Religious pomp and solemnity, as that it were a National re­turn (after Apostacy) either to the true God, or to the true Religion as Christian and reformed, [Page 210] or to the true worship of him, which affection is most evident false, and none but such ignorant he [...], o [...] impudent faces, or factious spirits, or fanatick fanci [...]s, as this Libeller, can charge the Church of England to have in any such way Apost­atized either in it [...] Kings, or its Parliaments, or its Synods, or its Bishops, or its Clergy, or its people, by any either explicite decree, and verbal, de­claration of such a defection, or by any tacite and general pra [...]tice owned by them, and so meriting other the censure of a National Apostacy, or the antidote of s [...]ch an unnational and Illegal C [...]venant; nor can any but an ingratefull fire-brand call it as the bl [...]sing of an Idol, Dr. Gaudens ble [...]sing of the true God, for his great mercy in keeping this Church and Kingdoms from any Publique Apostacy, against which the last Convocation most eminently declared against Idolatry, Superstition or Popery. [...]. The truth is, it was not the healing of any suspect­ed or feared Apostacy, from the true Reformed Religion of the Church of England, whose Do­ctrine, devotion and Church Discipline is the same it was at first Reformation, which kind­led and blew up our fires, but rather an Impatient desire of some men to bring in (as Cacus did H [...]r­cules to his Oxen) their long desired, and long by Law obstructed novilties in Church and State; This was the ( [...]) formative and ex [...]cutive [...]ower, prevailing in many mens minds, to bring in and set up that Covenant, after they had by correspondence with some of the Scots of the Presbyterian party, invited them into the same ends. Add. [...] A. A. Dr. Gauden denies not, but some Clergy men in Place and Power were seemingly [Page 211] very studious (and it may be less discreetly) to advance the outward decency, reverence and solemnity of (as they thought) Gods house, worship and service, beyond what was either by Law en­joyned or gen [...]rally observed in former times; what their hearts and intents were, he leaves to God; Nor did himself heretofore want his vulgar jealousie, while at a greater distance from their de­clared judgements; But for their doctrine and their outward Publique Actions or Injunctions, as to any things of ceremonious use and observance, either [...]ey had the Articles, Laws, Canons and con­stant customs of this Church and Nation to defend what they did hold or preach, renew and require, or else they were easily to be checked and repres­sed, yea and punished too, according to Law, for any thing Hetrodox inverting or variating from the rule; And this might have been done without any such shaking 3. Kingdoms, and putting all into the convulsions, Agonies and pains of a travelling Woman, only to bring forth Presbytery to the secundine of this abortive of Covenant, which if it have all the due features and parts, matter & form of a sacred and solemn National Covenant, in judgement, truth and righteousnesse, yet sure it had neither its full time nor due Authority, nor can it well tell who was its first Father; sure enough they were no very great Grandees though it in­vited some such to be its godfathers, but indeed the King should have been at the Christning. §. Nor was there any need or hast of such an Engine, either to demolish wholly (as Mr. Grafton tells us the Plot was) the frame of this Church Government, which [Page 212] was and is Episcopal, or to bring in in past-hast with fire and sword, the rarity of rank Presbytrie, and its consequents or train, either a popular purity in Church and State, or a many-headed popery; After these red and pale horses, followed the black h [...]rse of poverty and meanness in the Clergy, Sacri­ledge and robbery in the people, of Anarchy, confu­sion and pr [...]phaneness in all. This contempt of the ref [...]r [...] Bishops, Clergy and Religion in England was indeed the high way to Popery.

§. But the [...]beller, to seem learned and zealous, rather than silly and malicious, charges, at a venture sundry Bishops, [...] The L [...]el­le [...] [...] and [...] upon [...] [...]sh [...]ps. for falling off to too much Popery (as if he could tolerate some in them) both in doctri­nal [...] and d [...]voti [...]nals; It sufficeth him to calumniate many, to instance in no one person, or point; only he calls to witness very gravely their Armini­an tenets▪ against which some Papists he s yes, by hear say do write, and so do some others, as Fran­ [...]is [...]ans and Jesuites write for them, yea and some, may most learned Lutherans; But what is Arminius to Popery, Or to the Covenant? he lived, dis­puted, and died at a great distance from Rome, in a way of Presbyterian discipline, and in com­munion with those Covenanters who were first called by themsel [...]e [...] the Gu [...]ses; All which re­lations may possibly move this Libeller to be of Ar­min u [...] his party, whose opin [...]ons as to the true state of the controversies (the difficulties pro & con, the d [...]nger of engaging too far for or against, either proudly to lessen the necessity and efficacy of Gods grace, or fatally to confine the liberty of industry of mans will, where the understanding is by the [Page 213] outward means rationally, yea religiously en­lightned and morally moved. These and other intricacies which have an holy depth, and high sub­limity in them, capable to humble the most learned and acute disputers, while they see themselves assaulted by so many pregnant Scriptures on either side) I am confident, neither this Libeller nor his Dr. Burges (as great a Sophister and as little a Scholar as he appears) do well understand; nor can such buck-sters of holy things, such purcha­sers of Bishops Lands and destroyers of their houses, Such circulaters and crafty Merchants in the Church have leisure to study or sound the profundity of those controversies, wherein few of the ancient Fa­thers were resolute, and St. Austin himself hardly reconcileth himself; §. Dr. Gauden here thinks it modesty and wisdom to be magisterially of no side, till he can clear the incumberances, or justifie the hard consequences of either; And for this brace of sworn Brethren, the Libeller and Dr. Burges, you may trust them, they will never much advance or depresse any side, either by their reputation or their disputation; Arminius is out of the reach of their darts, though they may shoot at him with their fools bolts.

§. But the Libeller boggles terribly at Altars, Tapers, Candles, with &c. that is, one knows not what, as if our reformed Religion were to be sacrificed on those Altars, or [...]ables of the Lord, which antiquity, as in Tertullians time long before Popery, so called by either name, and greatly reverenced, not for their own sakes, but for relation to that sacred mysterie of Christs body and bloud in the Eucharist, [Page 214] for which solemnity they served: He stares at those Tapers and Candl [...], as if they would presently set all Religion on fire, which were never lighted that I saw in the Church of England, but in the want of the Sun [...]light and were anciently set unlighted on the ( [...]) Lords Table, in memory of those (Antel [...]ans [...]) early morning, or midnight com­munions, which poor Christians had in time of per­secution, when they were forced to use Lamps or Candles, and were as falsly accused for a Dogs pulling down the Taper, and so putting it out, when he skipped at a crust, in order to make a more modest way in the dark to Christians promiscuous lusts, as this Libeller charges by a cavine impudence sund [...]y Bishops, for falling off to too much Popery, because they retained these things, as they found them of ancient ornamental custome in the Cathedrals of England, and in the Kings Chappel Royal: The man should do well at next barking bout, to tell how much Popery he allowes as enough, and what he blames as too much, or whether he thinks all Popery that is held or done by the Papists.

§. But to allay (not gratifie) the popularity and petula [...] of this Libeller, Dr. Gauden denies not, &c. vide A. A.

§. Nor can the rigid Covenanters, who rant so against Prelacy, The Co [...] [...] [...] or [...] against P [...]e [...]b [...]t [...] [...] Prelacy. and that Episcopacy in England by vertue of their Covenant, any way extricate them­selves from that snare, which unawares they run in, as to S [...]hi [...]m and superstition, against which they no lesse covenanted than against Popery and Prelacy; since no intr [...] can wash Presbytery as a separation from and usurpation against, or extirpation of Episcopacy, [Page 215] from the stain of Schism, both in an Ecclesiastical sense, as it rends from the unity and uniformity of the Catholicks Churches, judgements, customs and practice in the government of Episcopacy; also in a civil sense as receding against Law, from what was in England setled by Law, and setting it self up in the room of Episcopal power by meer force.

§. Nor will Presbytery wipe off in its rigid and ami [...]tious way the sin of sup [...]rstition, first negative, as denying that good which is so in the nature, or­der and use of right Episcopacy; and secondly affir­mative in introducing, yea imposing that purity as necessary in religious concernments and Ecclesiastical government, which is not commanded by God, nor ever so esteemed or used by the Church of Christ; § So that Presbytery was in as high a way of running to Romes superstition, Schism, Tyranny, and usurpation as Prelacy; yea much more, for this was bounded by Laws, and fortified against Popery by an excel­lent Liturgy, which was a daily wholesom form of both doctrine and direction in English, diametrally contrary to Popish superstitions and errours, which could not prevail against the Church of England while Liturgy continued, and Episcopacy was ma­naged, as it was by very godly, and learned, yea modest and humbly wise bishops for the most part; If any were otherwise, their personal defects, not their calling, were to be blamed; But Presbytery was generally most cryed up, and imposed by weak and passionate men; for the soberest, ablest, and wisest Presbyterians do willingly allow, yea and now pre­fer Episcopacy before any Church government, in its lawful use and exercise, which may easily be ob­tained, [Page 216] and the inconveniences remedied, by that Soveraign power which Mr. Grafton mentioneth, but is not willing to be ruled by; for while it was able to preserve it self, it hath preserved the sober and good Refor [...]ation of England from Retrograda­tion to Popers and f [...]m the precipitancy or incroach­ments of Presbytery, and all other factions novelties, which have no bottom or bounds but the abysse of popular envies, clamors, ambitions, schisms, and super­stitions.

§. If Mr. Grafton and his party did bona fide covenant to restore and reform the Church of England to its pristine good Lawe, and practices, in Gods name let them keep their Covenant; if they intended faction, innovation, ruine and confusion, by obtruding novel and illegal wayes, let them repent, and pray the thou [...]ht [...] of their hearts, and the words of their mouths, and the injurious works of their hands may be forgiven them; for they were not wise, nor just, nor humble, nor charitable, nor religious, nor loyal, as they ought to have been, and so not fortified in any such sense, either by Reason or Religion, by Scripture or Lawes of the Land, as Mr. Grafton gratis affirms.

§. For the poor LibellersThe L [...]ellers d [...]s [...]nd with Chu [...]ch musick. unharmonious soul, who quarrels most lamentably against musick in Churches, it is pitty the Authors or Abetters of so great discords in this Church and Kingdom as he and his Dr. Burges h [...]ve been, and still are, should ever be troubled with good musick, but for ever con­demned to hear the worst Balleters when they sing most out of tune; indeed weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth are fitter for them; I do not mean [Page 217] that in utter darknesse, I pray God forbid, but that of bitter lamentation, unfeigned sorrow, and true repen­tance, that they may get out of the gall of bitterness, and power of Satan, in which they seem by their malice, uncharitablenesse, hypocrisie, apostacy, and sa­criledge to be fallen.

§. If this Libeller captate to know by this foolish digression (which imports as if he had cove­nanted also against all good musick, and so against skilful and melodious singing, which is the best mu­sick) if he aims to know Dr. Gaudens judgement of Church musick, that so he may accuse him to be either an Arminian or Popishly inclined, (for this calumniating censor and malicious critick judgeth of mens opinion by strong Symptomes) let him make what he can of it; Dr. Gauden doth own his ap­probation and desire of excellent musick and melody in the publique Solemne praysing of God, which is a part of his worship, yea a most angelical and heaven­ly part of it; to this divinest service he doth judge both Nature and Art, in their best improvements, by vocal and organical harmony, may lawfully yea com­mendably be applyed, not only by vocal singing after a plain and simple manner to Clement Macots, Stern­holds or Wisdoms tunes, but by the use also of such Instruments and skill in the melody, as may most raise up the Spirits of Christians to the high praises of God, such as David and other holy men used in the private and publick exaltation of their hearts and affections to God; nor is there any reason or Religion to be justly urged to exclude this great help of humane infirmity, and sweet refreshing, besides elevation of Spirit in the Church of God, since [Page 218] musick in its skill and use is a good gift of God, for which and by which he may be praised, in such a way, as becomes the sanctity, solemnity, gravity and Majesty of Christian assemblies and heavenly duties; For as musick hath an aptitude like an Echo, to answer and humour every passion and motion of the souls, by a secret symphony with the Saint [...]; so the excellent and godly Masters of it will easily so compose their holy Anthems, and Church melo­di [...], as shall aptly correspond not onely with the holy Ditty or matter, but also with the chearfull devotion and affections of mens souls.

§. Nor did any thing more proclaim the after prodigies of our time, than the zeal, which some in the rude and riotous beginning of their reformation had, to destroy all Orgins and Church musick, as much as Saul had to destroy the Gibeonites, or the Witch [...]; so blind are [...]igots in Religion, too bold and too b [...]sterous, dressing the Church as Swine would dresse a garden, and while they fear the horns of superstition, they cut off the head of all decency in Christian duties; not but that I judge there might be some discreet regulation in our Church musick, as not to sing accurately those Scriptures which most edifie, when best understood by distinct reading, or plain singing, that the meanest hearer may understand; and least of all to sing any of the Creeds, which are the ground of Catechism, and the Primmer of Christian beginners; but rather to confine musick to those Psalms and Hymns, those spiritual Songs and Anthems, which either out of Scripture, or agreeable to its Psalmody, may best be fitted to Gods glory and the Churches devotion.

§. But alas, why do I bring (lyram ad Asinum) a stroke of Musick to such deaf ears, no Orphens is sufficient to move such bruitish souls to any thing harmonious, whose hope is in discords of King and People, Bishops and Presbyters, knowing no savour or sight, or sound so sweet, as that of gain and mony (quocunque modo rem) though by sacriledge and regiciae, they are far enough from delighting in Church musick, who are greedy to buy Church lands, but very loath to restore them; and had rather all the houses of God in the Land should be pulled down and put in their purses, than any Organs set up in Cathedrals, for those will presage the restitution of Bishops to their estates; which will make some men hang down their heads, and hang up their harps on the willows of lamentation, to the great joy of all honest men.

§. After the Libellers Libel. p 16: The Libel­lers jealousie of Popery prevailing. stroke at musick (who wants it more than King Saul ever did, or those that are struck with the Tarantula) his last flagellation is a­gainst the Papists; these he pretends by a Pannick terrour, were presently breaking in upon the Church of England like a Sea, if the antemurale or bank of the sacred Covenant had not been set up.

§. In good time, as if the Laws of England which happily defended for 80. years our Religion as reformed against the Romane contention and inva­sion had not been sufficient, or as if there had not been more Jesuites and Seminary Priests in England, acting, fighting, preaching, praying, ranting, canting, and quaking since the Covenant, than ever were before, and with more severity as well as efficacy; [Page 220] or as if the Church of England and its Clergy had rather be eaten up by Presbyterians and Indepen­dants, than by Papists; or as if these onely had Teeth and the other nothing but Tongues; No, the craf y Libeller is still on the wind side, and is to talk for his Dr. Burges advantage; He foresees if Papists should prevail in England, they would re­quite the restoring of Church and Bishops Lands, they are so far good Catholicks, as they conform in the main of Episcopal government to the true Ca­tholick Church; Nor can the Libeller hope for the like gracious remission, or dispensation of those lands, which his learned Dr. Burges quotes, as granted for peace sake to R. Mary in the case of non-resti­tution of Abbey and Monastery lands, in hope to make it a precedent and plea for alienating Bishops Lands and Cathedrals.

§. The Pope well knew, that Monastick votaries, Nuns and Friars, were the after-growth of Christi­ans devotion and charity, much younger than Bishops who were from the beginning, rooted in Christ, and branched in the twelve Apostles, and spread in all the Christian world, and endowed with honorary supports, as necessary for the orderly and compleat, & regular well-being of any Church, the others not so.

§. To rob the Monks which sprung up in after ages, was to rob the robbers, the drones for the most part of Christendom; but to rob the Bishops, and with them the Cathedralls, and in them all the Clergy of their estates and houses and honour and dig­nities, was to rob not only learning, religion and the Ministry Evangelical of its just rewards, com­forts [Page 221] and encouragements, in a land of plenty and peace, but to rob the Church of her principle pil­lars and Fathers, of their great ornaments and de­fences, of that honour, order, and authority, which is never to be had or enjoyed so wisely, worthily, and usefully, as from the hands of excellent Bishops.

§. Although Dr. Gauden cannot commend this Libeller for his honesty, no more than Christ did the unjust Steward, yet he is commendable for his great policy; Presbytery he, hopes, & the Covenant will let Dr. Burges enjoy his Bishops Lands; Therefore he joyned Popery to Prelacy, by an odious and unjust Conjunction, it is policy, though no verily or charity so to do; for no Presbyters (I mean as of that faction Aecrians and Acephalists, were ever so great vindi­cators of the reformed Religion against the Pa­pists, as many of our English Bishops have been ever since the reformation, witness Bishop Jewel, Bishop Ʋsher, Bishop White, Bishop Andrews, Bishop Davenant, Bishop Hall, Bishop Bedel, Bishop Prideaux, and many others; These disputed, and wrote, and fought and conquered the Papists, seconded by many other Episcopal Divines, when the petty Presbyters did (for the most part) but prate and rayle and contemne, and vapour, and triumph with their tongues by a popular oratory amidst their credulous auditories; These Presbyters were the warme preachers, but they were the Bishops and E [...]scopal Clergy who were the weighty Souldiers, these were the Light armed, these the Veterani and Triani, who bore the heat and burthen of the day of dispute, whose studious industry, some Presbyterian [Page 222] factionists and Innovators at last envying for their learning, labours, honours and estates, they sought to withdraw from them, to undermine to betray, do undo and utterly destroy them, that is, the strongest Bulwarks, and ablest defences of the Christian and reformed Religion of the Church of England; Nay the last Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, did in this service against the Papists so valiantly learnedly and honestly acquit himself in his book a­against [...]isher, as he deserves to be reckoned among the worthies, and of the first three, as to weighty solid accurate sinnewy disputing for the Doctrine of the Church of England; And what ever faylings or faults he might have in other things of imprudence, passion, or policy, Certainly in this he did more and deserved better, than ever the Libeller, his Dr. Burges, and all that pack of purchasers of Church Lands are ever likely, or indeed able, if willing to do: I had rather have Bishops Lands learning, than Dr. Burges his Lands.

§. But there is no end of following this errour, this ignis fatuus, whose Libelling Prosody would make an excellent Index or Directory for the next Presbyterian Synod and Assembly when it applyes to a just reformation of these deformities which have broken in since the Covenant stood in the gap, against Liturgy, Popery, and Prelacy, yea and against profanes, Schisme and Superstition, that is sacriledge, Presbytery and Independency, whose vanity, pride and ambition was and still is to lye in the high bed, and make both Monarchy and Eiscopacy truckle un­der them, which deformed sight I hope England shall never see again; In Gods Name let the com­mon [Page 223] Presbyters keep their ancient station, and there serve God and his Church in humility, peace and order, and giving leave to their Elders and Fath [...]rs, their spiritual Colonels and Commanders in their Ecclesiastical Militia, not only to go before them, but to far to command them according to Religion and Law, as may be for the good order, honour, safety, and peace of the whole Church; in which Schisme, strife, and mutiny will bring nothing but disorder, and this confusion, and then veniunt Romani, their fears may come upon them, Rome will have a throw for all; For the Romish interest doth not press or hope to come in at the great and strong Gate of Episcopacy and Liturgy, but at the postern and wicket of Presbytery and Directory, both base and unregarded posts; It is more for the Popes advantage to have no Bishops & Liturgy in England, than ever it will be for the poor Presbyters or Ministers; These have been all almost lost in a dark Wilderness of sin, and bitten with fiery Ser­pents of contempt and poverty since they deserted or were deprived of their Bishops; The other hath had such an harvest in 20. years, as was beyond all his gleanings for fourscore before, which learned Mr. Hooker and others long ago foresaw and foretold of that disciplinarian faction if prevalent in England, whose prophesie have been too truly and sadly ful­filled in our daies; I pray God we may learn wis­dome by afflictions, and righteousness by his judgements.

§. Dr. Gauden having thus disempestred him­self of these cavils and calumnies with which ei­ther the simplicity of the Analeptist or the malice [Page 224] of the Anatomist pleased themselves in their re­plying upon his Analysis and his precious refections upon the Covenant, as it is made by some to look with favour and smiling only upon Presbytery; but with frowns (as cruel and turbulent as the Duke of Aluis) upon our English Episcopacy, he is yet to follow them one step more in this rugged way (than which nothing is more contrary to his genius and designe) which was to reconcile E­piscopacy and Presbytery in such an amciable Christ­ian and charitable way, as they either enjoyed many years in the Church of England, or at this day do in other reformed Churches, or for 1600. years they did, in the best times and state of the Church of Christ.

§. This Paragraph of both his Antagonists, is so various, or tedious, and so to no purpose, but to make some shew and noyse, (as those in London streets cry loudest, who have the worst ware to sell) That Dr. Gauden might well have spared his own and his Readers pains; But since they will needs be such impertinent Scepticks as to seek knots in bulrushes, and to question whether snow be white or no; Whether there be any precept or pattern of such a Covenant, formatter, form, author and end in the new Testament, Whether the Covenant have any foundation or force from the new Testament. either against E­piscopacy in a gubernative and authoritative sense, or for Presbytery in a Supremacy without any sub­ordination and subjection to Bishops; The Reader must blame these stickling gladiators and Anta­gonists, not Dr. Gauden, who only held out this shield of innocent truth, that there was neither precedent nor precept for such a Covenant in the [Page 225] New Testament, or moral antiquity of the Church; That the Baptismal Covenant is the only and suffici­ent Religious bond of Christians in the Gospel; that this when violated on our part by wilful sins, it is to be renewed by repentance, and confirmed by worthy receiving the Lords Supper.

§. That this one great Sacred and Solemn Cove­nant Of our Covenant in Baptisme once for all. (in which the blood and body of Christ slain for us, are given to us, and taken by us, as tokens of our troth and fidelity, no less than of Gods) doth bind us, as men and Christians to all duties we ow to God and man, selves and others, private and publique in Ecclesiastical or civil societies and policies; By this we stand obliged to fight against the World, the flesh and the Devil, to deny all ungodliness and worldly lusts, to live righteously, soberly, and godlily in this present World, that is, conformably to Gods Laws and Christ commands; Also to those good Laws and constitutions of justice, order, Government and peace, which are established in any Kingdome or State, though not Christian; How much more, if Christian and in a National Church-communion; This is affirmed and con­firmed by Dr. Gauden.

§. Also that to renew this Baptismal vow and Evangelical Covenant by daily repentance and fre­quent Celebration of the Lords Supper, was very commendable as to private and publique piety. §. But to add to this any publique Solemn Co­venanting, under a new form of words in a national Notion, where was no national Apostacy from true Christianity, nor yet any Anabaptistical renouncing of our Baptisme, and to do this without due autho­rity, [Page 226] making a part of the body to Covenant for the whole, and this without the head, and in opposition to Laws yet in force, and rules of civil justice, as to many mens Lawfull Estates, deserved honours, and due authority; This kind of Covenanting Dr. Gauden judgeth either superfluous (where no pub­lique need presseth) or fallious, where not by pub­lique consent and soveraign appointment, or par­tial Schismatical and superstitious, where it evident­ly seeks to advance a party and novelty against what hath had constant Legality and universal antiquity, carrying on such order, authority, pru­dence, policy & peace in Church and State, as are agreeable to the word of God, and the custom of the Catholick Church.

§. Dr. Gauden judgeth, that such humane con­tenuances, under what ever Names they are put, can­not bind selves or others to any thing more, than God had before bound us, and we our selves by Bap­tismal Christian Covenant; much less may they en­gage us against any thing that was and is our duty in Religion and civil justice, or to that which is rebellious to Law or injurious to any man; Least of all against Kings or any in lawful authority and just enjoyments of Estates and honours under them, such as Bishops in England were, with other dignified Clergy-men, whom unjustly that is without any Law of God or man, to spoyle, rob and deprive (as some Covenanters did do, and still desire) of what was honestly, and lawfully theirs, as to Estates, honours and authority, was either contrary to the letter and intent of the Covenant, and then we are agreed, expecting restitution, or else the Covenant [Page 227] is so far carried on, contrary to that Baptismal Covenant which binds against all works of the flesh, World, and Devil, such as Covetousness, Op­pression, Sedition, Schisme, Sacriledg, and all dis­orderly walking must needs be, if Scripture and Law be our judg.

§. This was the demonstration of our Bap­tismal Covenant, which is just and holy, which Dr. Gauden used; To which the Libeller The Libel­lers Sophi­stry as to the true Christi­an Cove­nant. after his vulpine and vafricious way, answers; First by con­fession, Secondly by collusion, pleading (though there be no pattern or precept for any such Cove­nant in the New Testament) yet tis sufficient if there be any such in the Old; Which he doth not instance in, because he cannot, only heaps up Scriptures like a Quaker to no purpose; Nor will he yeild to what he urgeth as to validity of old Testa­ment patterns, if not Levitical or Typical; For then the Presidency and Authority of some Priests above others (besides the High-Priest a special type of Christ) and both Priests and Levites having Lands and Cities annexed to their Tribe and Office, will plead (and it is one of Saint Jeromes and the Ancient Fathers arguments) strongly by way of proportion for Bishops and subordinate Presbyters; Yea and for their Lands and Houses no less than their authority; The Libel­lers impu­dent denyal that any such Episco­pacy as is in the Church o [...] England is to be found in the New Testament. and then what becomes of Dr. Burges's purchase, which no doubt he made in pursuance of his Covenant, for he would not be so execrable as to act against his sacred Covenant.

§. Then he roves like a wanton Spaniel or set­ting dog, barking against our Episcopacy in the Church of England, and wagging his tayle, as if he [Page 228] had found a Covy of Presbytery sitting as the sole El­ders and Supreme Rulers of the Church in the New Testament and in Primitive times; He hath the impudence and falsity against the letter and practise of the New Testament, against the judgement of all antiquity, of which possibly he is ignorant, yea against the judgment of all later learned re­formed Divines in this and other Churches, to aver no such Episcopacy as we had in England can be found in, or is warranted by the New Testament.

If he mean such in all things circumstantial, ad­ditional and civil, He is but a frippone and droll, no man affirms it, nor is it more true than to avert that in the New Testament, no Presbyters can be found in Parochial bounds, living by Tythes and Cleabe [...], for which Dr. Burges is so pertinacious, hoping to get a good Living or benefice though he dispair of a Bishoprick.

§. If he mean ingeniously of Episcopal presidency and authority, as to spiritual jurisdiction, in ordina­tion, confirmation, censures, rebukcing, silencing, ex­communication, absolution, and the other exercises of Ecclesiastical power, (besides Preaching, Baptizing, and Celebrating) above, yea even against Presby­ters and People; He need not go far to find the Pre­cepts, Canons, Commission, power and Authority gi­ven by Christ to the 12. Apostles, above the seventy, and all other both Christians and Ministers during their life; The like to St. Paul, and by him derived to Timothy, and Titus in their places or Diocesses, also to others in other limits; As to the Angels of the 7. Asian Churches, which all antiquity owns, as Bishops in Saint Iohn daies, over those Churches; [Page 229] Against all this and much more the Satyr answers ( [...]e gry quidem) not a word, of which he could not be ignorant, since no doubt he hath read the learned fire of the Sanctuary, written long agoe by Dr. C. Burges, in which he owns Bishops with great reve­rence, and perstringeth the Antiepiscopal non conform­ists to some tune.

§. Then the Libeller fills his foule pap [...]rs with some long-winded sentences of the Covenant Of the power of godliness to which the Covenant must be li­mitted. (which this asserter will never honour; (& male dum recitat incipit esse suum) wresting them, if not genuinely applying them to his ends (but not to any honest sence or designe;) only is to destroy and rob Bishops and the Church, that he may have their Lands. §. Let him, if he will needs be medling, clear his headlesse and obtruded Presbytery of the guilt, at least suspicion of Schisme and Superstition, of Sedition, and Injustice, of an Incendiary, dividing King and People, Laws and Religion, Bishops and sober Presbyters; are not these practices against the power of godliness, and so against the Covenant? Are not common honesty, justice, restitution, good order and Lawful Government agreeable to sound Doctrine? Must not the contrary be extirpa [...]ed? Such as fraud, faction injuriousness, sedition, op­pression, sacriledge, &c. Now (Oh Libeller) look to your self, if this bone be to hard for you, give it to Dr. Burges, he hath a bad tongue, but good teeth; He will resolve it upon the question: whether the late and present Hierarchy (truly so called) or holy Government of this Church by godly and learned Bishops, according to the Laws of God and man, was according to the power of [Page 230] godlinesse to be extirpated by vertue of the Cove­nant, when Episcopacy and the Bishops had long and lawful possession; or whether rather Presbytery is to be denied as a novel faction, and late intruding usurpation; If so, beware good Libeller of your dear Dr. Burges his purchase, as well as credit and Con­science, which are far enough from the power of godlinesse.

§. He complains (en passant) that Dr. Gauden never particularly describeth, nor setteth forth what that Epis [...]opacy The Libellers [...] Ep [...]pacy D [...] [...] is, which he would have to be introduced; As to this, Dr. Gauden did not think he should have met with such a hard-head and dul­lard, as could be ignorant what the Episcopacy in England was, in its essentials and ornamentals; its spiritual authority and powers, and Ecclesiastical, which are common to all true Bishops, primitive and apostolical, and its civil or secular enjoyments, or ju­ri [...]diction, which it oweth the bounty and munificence of the Kings and Parliaments of England; This Episcopacy Dr. Gauden would have not retroduced, (as if once legally expelled, which is false) not more than the King and Monarchy were) but restored to its just power, dignity, and authority, such as it had, and hath by Law, yea and to its Lands, Houses, and Re­venues; This pincheth the banches of Dr. Burges, and pursues him so closely, that the Libeller is loth to see the Episcopacy which Dr. Gauden owns; but he hollows, as if he were in a wood, and at a losse; but he may soon bear of, and see, and feel what Epis­copacy Dr. Gauden means, not one of his own inven­tion, or of any private mans reduction, and of some Presbyters new modelling; But that which the Law [Page 231] owns and asserts, and intrusts by the Kings appoint­ment to learned, wise and godly Bishops, with that ecclesiastical power, which is as necessary for the Church (as it is due to Bishops) by all right, civil and ecclesiastical, scriptural and divine.

§. If any thing be excessive, or defective, or in­convenient in this Episcopacy of the Church of En­gland, that is, in the Laws and constitution, or in the execution and administration; The King and the Parliament by their divine counsel, or the advice of a National Synod, know in their wisdom and piety what they have to do, without any such Dictators as this Libeller, or his Dr. Burges, of whom no man can tell what to make, nor where to find them fixed.

§. And now the Libeller in a fit of popular piety, (that is hypocrisie) makes his appeal, whether this Covenant so formal and solemn, so full of words and so against Bishops, so much for his turn and Dr. Burges interest, (if Bishops be not restored to their Lands and just authority) whether it be a piece of policy more than piety.

§. Truly some sober, that is simple-hearted Chri­stians, possibly did not believe it to be so at first, Whether the Covenant was not made up [...]f pol [...]cy no less than piety. when they heard or read the pomp of good words in it; but others that knew the party first moving, the Artists and Politicians contriving, the partial power imposing it, the after practices executing it, with such rigour, in justice, and cruelty against all Bishops, one and another, to their personal undoing, and to the exposing of their authority, so long sacred and venerable in this and all Churches, to contempt and scorn, (as others did the Kings, and afterward [Page 232] those very houses of Parliament, which brewed, or breached, drunk themselves and urged others so much to drink of the covenanting cup) these did long ago, and do still, and ever shall suspect the Covenant in some mens sense, designs, and actions, to have had more of policy than piety; Nor will this suspicion be removed, till the Covenant be reduced to such a use sense and purpose, as is conform to justice and law as well as Religion, then it will appear to differ as little from the baptismal Covenant, as a large glosse or paraphrase on a short Text, when the will of the Covenant works effectually to purge the Libeller, Dr. Burges and others of sacriledge, schism and injustice, conducted against the Bishops and Laws of England, yea against the King and the whole Church and Nation; Till this is done, he will appear not a Scraphical Doctor, but a Sophistical caviller, and co [...]ener of his own and other mens consciences; no other Covenant is required by God, nor is it either madness or desperatenesse to throw off such a Covenant as is unjust to God and man, or to con­fute such a sense, but rather to take and keep it, in such a sense as is injurious to God and man, scandalous to the Christian and Reformed Religion, besides destructive to many godly and honest men, Bishops and others, against all Law and justice.

§. Then the Libell [...]r by a ( [...]) fallacious and captious way of frequent and impertinent questions still begs the question, as if he had proved it; He sayes it is altogether an Evangelical Covenant, but shews nec v [...]lam nec vestigium, no footstep of its disputed passages in the Gospel sense; He sadly heaps up Scriptures, and loads his Margin with [Page 233] holy figures, and toucheth on a Jewish private perso­nal and ceremonial vow upon St. Paul, which was far enough from a moral, evangelical and national Covenant; But this goats hair serves to stuffe his pillow, which is much fuller of subtilty than sanctity, policy than piety, and so will the Covenant appear to all honest men, if it be put upon his rack, who is fitter to torment than interpret Scripture, the byas of his and Dr. Burges purchase, spoils, warps, wrests all.

§. His next Divinity shreds,Libel. p. 18. and common places of Baptismal and Eucharistical Covenant, his deny­ing by way of question, that actual repentance, takes off the guilt and horrour of wilfull and pre­sumptuous sins, as if he had a fit of Novatianism, onely his vile wresting that place, Heb. 10.26, 27. against the comfort of true repentance, after actual wilfull sins, such as Davids murther and adultery were; as if the mercy under the Gospel were lesse than under the Law, when the place is meant of Apostacy from Christ, and adhering to another way of salva­tion, after Baptism and profession of the Gospel; This and other such dilute stuffe, Dr. Gauden cares not to tire himself or others with, onely he doubts the Libeller and Dr. Burges are in a desperate state, if no repentance be available after wilfull and presumptuous acts of sin, such as apparent injustice, oppression and sacriledge.

§. The Libeller very authoritatively goes on, which I have insisted on this the longer, &c. A prea­ching phrase, but who this J. is must not be known, we hear and read his voyce, but see no shape, or name, or man, or christian; sure we need not fear [Page 234] t [...]e Reader will make an Idiot of him, or take his Libel for on Oracle; It were worth a while to ask him if he have not forgotten the first question of the Church Catechism, What is your name? The same which Christ put to the Devil, who answered Legion, with the same first letter as this Libeller is called; How ridiculous is it to put the Pronoun, when the Person is afraid, or ashamed to be known? nor if he were known would it adde any authority to his words.

[...]§. The reason of his being so tedious and imperti­nent, at hi [...] state stuffe, and vulgar cavils, riseth from his nose, guilty of a strong smell of Arminianism & Popery as he pretends, popular words without any rime or reason; The Fox is the finder of this ill savour, Alas, 'tis not for a man of putrid lungs, foul breath, rotten principles and corrupt practises, to com­plain of ill seems, if Popery savour as bad as Idola­try in his nostrils, yet sure Arminianism is not so bad as grosse sacriledge; Nor doth this Gretian Lyar so much as suppose indeed Dr. Gauden to be inclined to either, onely all Episcopal, that is, Catholick and regular Divines must be reproached with some­thing of calumny, the better to set off Presbytery, and the perverse sense of the Covenant, in order to extirpate Episcopacy, and to take away or keep Bi­shops lands in sacrilegious hands.

§. But one blessed word at last drops from the Libeller, namely, the promise of amends, by brevity in the rest of his profane libel; The two great ver­tues and most desirable in so great a sinner, and so idle a babler, who counts true and smart expressions which dare search beyond the plausible pretensions [Page 235] of mens words and formalities, to the reality of their actions, which best interpret their intentions, these he calls railing and blasphemy, because they strike on the right vein; the great Presbyterian de­sign, to batter down the whole frame of Episcopacy, (which Mr. Grafton confesses) violently to seize Bishops and other Church-mens estates, against all Law and Conscience, thereby to enrich some sa­crilegious purchasers, to the great joy of the Roma­nists, and to the infinite scandal of the reformed profession.

§. Dr. Gauden owns all this as a true glasse, in which too many such Covenanters Some Cove­nanters evil manners have brought so great jea­lousies and reproaches on the Cove­nant. as the Libeller and his friend may see their faces, if the Covenant suffers in honest mens just jealousies, by these mens evil, and unjust sacrilegious and cruel dealings, it may thank them; that such things have been done is undeniable, and by zealous Covenanters too; if it were not the meaning of their covenanting, as to that clause against Episcopacy, yea if it were not the main design of their covenanting, let them at last act to another sense, let them restore the Church lands and estates which they have without Law and against all justice taken from the Bishops, and the Clergy of the Church of England; Let them do ju­stice, love mercy, and walk humbly with God and man, to their Kings and Superiours in Church and State; These we know the Lord requires, and no new Covenants in any thing contrary to these can be sacred, or accepted; whatever solemnity or sacred­nesse of Terms be put to it, which the Libeller re­peats, pag. 17.Libel. p. 17. They are but taking Gods holy and great Name in vain, like putting guilded frames to [Page 236] ill wrought pictures, will you deal factiously, sediti­ou [...]y, r [...]bellious [...]y, pre [...]uriously, treacherously, unjustly, tru [...]lly against God and man, against Religion, and law, and reason, and humanity, and common benefit? will you to oppresse Men, Christians, Ministers, yea Fathers, and all the excellent Bishops of such a Church, yea and the King himself as nursing Father of these [...]athers, tearing asunder all bonds of Law and Government civil and ecclesiastical, and yet pretend the taking of a sacred Covenant, and come into the house of God, and cry, the Temple of the Lord, The Temple of the Lord are these, and we are delivered to do all these abominations? Hear O. Heavens, and be astonished O Earth; Ask any Chri­stian Church, ask any Heathen Senate, if the true God of the first, or the imaginary Gods of the second, will accept of such bonds, federations, com­pacts, or Covenants, taken in such a sense, to such a design, and executed to such uses, that sacriledge may be conse [...]rated, that robbery of God, of his Son. Christ Jesus, of his chief Ministers and Servants, may be set up on an high place, and all Israel go up to worship it; that Dr. Burges his image may have as many venerators as the name of Cain and Judas sometimes had, while such a Libeller as this sounds his lowbell instead of a Trumpet, and cryes, Come buy Bishops Lands, bow down and worship this golden Image of refined Sacriledge: §. Is this that

(Ju [...] fac (que) animi, sancti (que) recessus,
Menti [...] & incollum generos [...] pectus honesto,)

generous justice, & just generosity which the Hea­then Poet calls for, as the most welcom Sacrifices to the Gods? We read in Scripture & elsewhere of some [Page 237] superstition so cruel, that it perswaded Fathers to Sacrifice their Children to the Idols or Devils; But we never read any Idol so barbarous that required Children to sacrifice their Fathers; Dr. Gauden doth aver this prodigie to be the product of this age; For Protestant Professors and Presbyters of the same profession to persecute, impoverish, oppresse and destroy Protest [...]nt, yea and excellent Bishops, yea and their sacred authority, and their whole succ [...]ssion, That the patrimony or inheritance of the Church might fall to some destroyers share, either by way of gift or dog peniworths and re­ward for their good service, or by getting such as proclaim neither buyers nor sellers to have any strickt conscience.

§. But here the Libeller Lib. [...]. pa [...]. 20. very gravely asks leave to say a few good and true words, as much as can be against himself, and so nothing to his design; For the next breath he is at it; that in this age no Orthodox and reformed Christian, Presbyters or people did per­secute and godly [...]shops; Habemus confitentem reum, very true; for though they were many Orthodox and godly Bishops, yea one and all of them who were persecuted (if plundring and stripp ng them of re­venews, honours, houses, authority and office, be persecuting) yet Dr. Gauden believes, as much as the Libeller, that this was done destinately by none but Christians of Hetorodox judgement, and most deformed manners.

§. But the Bishops must be blackned, therefore the LibellerThe Libel­lers go d will [...] Bis [...]ops and [...]r lands, criminates some of them as charged with Treason (but never persecuted, it seemes) not proved against them, nor punished on them as Trai­tors; [Page 238] Hence he concludes (as if the spirit of Korah, Dathan and Abiram were in him) that all the other Bishops in England were ungodly men, who sped, he sayes, the worse by the others means, and he dares to [...]ye for the wherstone, by saying he knew not how godly any Bishops were; Yet afterward by amendacius and treacherous memory, confesseth, No doubt some of these Bishops, whom Dr. Gauden commendeth, were learned and pious; (yet all persecuted) resolve your own contradictive rid­dle wretched and obscure Libellers. In verity or charity he could not but know what he denies to know, if he knew no good they had done, yet if he know no evils they had done, he might have given candid Testimony of them; for sure the Libeller (whoever he is) can be no stranger to the Bishops of England, besides Bishop Juxon; doth he know they were Hereticks, or Schismaticks, or Simoniacks, or, Sacrilegious, or Oppressors of innocent men, or li­centious livers? have they needed any compurgators? have they commuted at any [...]e? have they sold or bought Church Lands? Have they sought to overthrow Church and State, Kings and Bishops Laws Ecclesiastical and Civil, all magna charta? have they raised tumults or stoned any Presbyters from the assembly members from the Parliaments? yea have they not been many of them, most of them, all of them, either unblameable or very commen­dable, or indeed admirable men, for preaching, writing, ruling, living, suffering, and dying. such as are now at rest in the Lord, and above the slanders of such a fell [...]ous tongue and pen (to borrow and re­sort one of his words upon him.

§. Weary and tired at last as a mad dog, he yet pants and jogs on, he fomes and s [...]aps as he passes, at Land, Bishop Pierce, Dr. Wren. Dr. Goodman and Williams, with some other Capricious Pragmatick [...], as he calls them, for crying out (it may be less dis­creetly than became their gravity and constancy) to King and Parliament, where they were every day ready to be stoned, or pulled in peices by tumultuary rabbles; When none but supreame power could preserve their safeties, honours and lives; I believe if this Libeller or his dear Dr. Burges had been in their case, he would have roared louder then Mars did when he was wounded by Diomedes; No other Bishops (he saith) but were honored, if learned and godly indeed (of which qualities this Libeller is a sad judg; nor do the words become his tounge or pen, if the world mistake not the man and his com­munication) They were honored, even they, such as Bishop Hall, Bishop Winnifs, Bishop Prideaux, Bishop Westfield, Bishop Browning, yea and Bishop Ʋsher too (for he had Carlile in Cumberland for his support) these were honored, that is, all their Church reve­news, houses, lands, profits, honour, Office and authority as Bishops, were taken away; I have known some Bishops (as good as the best I have named) desire and accept of ten pounds to relieve their distressed Estates, yet they had neither wife nor Child; If this Libeller and his Dr. Burges were come to be thus honoured, sure the English World and London and Wells would rejoyce to find great merits so justly and amply rewarded; Not so much for their supposed Treason and Tyranny and ruffling and cere­moniousness, which the Libeller falsly imputes to [Page 240] the English Bishops as for their Sacrilegious cruelties and impudent calumnies against worthy Bishops, and in them against the whole Church of England and Clergy, against the King who preferred them, yea and against that God who bestowed excellent gifts and graces on many of them, whose Names shall be as a pretious perfume to all ages, when this Libellers (if it were worth knowing, or he durst own his evil and abhorred self) will be as his Carcase, best when buried and bidden, being so putrid that no Egyptian confectioner can make it into mummy.

§. Having thus freed my self of this Libeller, and left him either to snarle or lick his wounds as he pleaseth; I am not to slight Mr. Grafton, D [...] Gaudens [...] re­plys to [...]. Grafton. by leaving him without such an answer, as he may in justice and civility expect from me, though he hath some hony as a Bee, yet he hath his sting as a Presbyterian wasp; But he is to be treated different from the hornet of the Libeller, whose aime is to drive and keep all Bishops, Deans and Prebends out of their Lands and Houses, as those little, but fell Insects did (armed with Divine vengeance) the Cananites out of the Land.

§. Mr. Grafton instead of proving the Covenant (as to the Presbyterian sence and design against Bishops, &c.) to be ratified by any precept in the New Testament, or examples of any Christians in succeeding ages, flyes to justifie it by dictates of of Nature, by paralels, discoveries of the Old Testa­ment, by politick Arts, befitting any people or Church National. §. Truly on the same grounds that so much by his or others decryed with (&c. in it) which excluded Popery and confirmed the [Page 241] already legal and setled Episcopacy of the Church of Eng­land had been as lawful and sacred as this Covenant, and in some respects much more allowable, be­cause that it disseized no honest man of his free-hold or Estates; But the Covenant did many in its con­sequences at last, that was against Innovation and Presbyterian usurpation, contrary the common Law, and all Ecclesiastical Canons; This in some mens aim and sense and endeavours sought to bring in both.

§. After this light shuffling, Mr. Grafton Mr. Graftons pittiful evasions. makes queries, which answer themselves, but prove no­thing against Dr. Gaudens assertion, (which is, that no erigents of Religion ever did put any Church or Christian subjects upon such a way of publique Covenanting, without and against their Soveraigns assent, yea and to alter Laws Established, and ancient excellent customs in Church and State;) Prove this good Mr. Grafton, in any time of the Churches prosp [...]rity or persecution; what Synod or Counsels, what Senate, what Parliament, what Christi­an People & subiects to any King, or Emperour, Christi­an or Heathen, ever thought of covenanting against the Laws established against the Emperours ex­presse command, or against the Bishops and govern­ment of the Church, who were of the same faith and profession; I know the Novatians, Donatists, Arians and others, oft conspired against the Ortho­dox Bishops and Presbyters, but still even these Schismaticks, and Hereticks, had their Bishops and Episcopacy as the Christian and Apostolick method of Church government, no lesse universal than con­stant, and necessary in the Church, as much as Ma­gistrates [Page 242] are for Cities, or Masters for Colledges, or Cheiftains for Armies, or Pilots for Ships) as St. Jerom speaks.

[...]§. Next he poorly, not like an Eagle but a [...]ner bird, stoops to feed upon that long a goe dead and noysome carkass of the so called; holy league intrance, as a very exemplary paralel for his holy Covenant, & a kind of directory in Christian Policy; Sure he might have found other, more specious paterns, but all of this last century, as that in Spain, when John Padilla who was a godly Master of mis-rule, en­gaged the faithfull people to rebel with him, so that that of the Guenses, as they called themselves, in Flanders; So that of the Bohemians, and possible some others of the like sort, much after the tune of Massanello and the reformers of Naples.

§. All these, as they had much of sower leaven and popular faction in them, so they were very fatally ruinous to their authors and abettors, no way advancing either good of Church or State; Having no better effects than as yet we in England have found and felt to our cost by the Covenant, either taken or kept in a Presbyterian sense.

§. After this Mr. Grafton [...]. G [...]n [...]ad paralel betwixt the S [...]ch Laws [...]d the Baptismal Ch [...]stian Covenant. stranges at Dr. Gaudens not finding the like lineaments in the Covenant (if distorted to a Presbyterian sense) as are in the Baptismal Covenant; The inconsistency is plain, and fully explained in Dr. Gaudens answer to the Libeller, if as Baptisme binds us to imitate the hu­mility, justice, meekness, patience, submission, cross and charity of Christ, so this shall oblige us to injustice, oppression, faction, sedition, sacriledge, schisme and Iliades of miserable Innovations, con­trary [Page 243] to well established and tryed Laws, for Government in Church and State, At this rate the Covenant will appear with a witness, as Dr. Gauden truly suspects to be a piece of policy rather than piety in some men, and to have more of the Jesuite than of Jesus; of Matchiavil then the Gospel; of Bar­barity than Baptisme.

§. Do not say if so found you will renounce the Covenant in any such sense or intent or practise; Possibly Mr. Grafton is as confident and as innocent in his intentions as Josephs Brethren were of stealing his divining cup; But open some of his Covenanting Brethrens sacks, and you will find there very much contrary to the Baptismal vow, against flesh, World and Devil; The Estates of innocent men, Bishops and others by no Law forfeited, yet taken from them; Which Church-Lands, yea all well nigh sold, this famous reformed and flourishing Church grievously deformed & shamefully robbed; This whole Nation injured, and abused, the late glorious King hereby tortured on the racks of Schisme, Sacriledge, be­tween convenency & conscience, between honour and safety, living and dying, between setting up Presbytrey against his soul, and destroying Epis­copacy, against all justice.

§. Good Sir, were we Christians of England bap­tised into these puddles? Or were we not rather washed from these filthy abominations as Christians and subjects, did you Covenant against these? Also against all Schisme, profaneness, Superstition, & what­ever is against the power of godliness, why did, and do you or any men act then or now to bring in Pres­bytery, which is a potent and pregnant Schisme in the [Page 244] Church and State of England to be sure; Why do you Covenant confusedly at once, against evil and good, against u [...];e and abuse, against what may be un­lawfull in fact▪ and the very good Laws themselves in force? Whence [...]ath all the vastation of Church and State, the profaning of Churches and Church-men and all things sacred risen of late years? By what knees opening have all these innovations flowed in upon us, and so long prevailed, till of late, by a miraculous revolution of divine mercy to the King and Kingdome and Church, we have seen some period to the malignant influence of modern co­mets.

§. If the Covenant be against all these inordinate losts and violent actions, in which so much of flesh, world and Devil are to be seen; Speak O you godly Covenanters, let us see your good meanings by your good works, else, quid verba andiam quum facta videam; First cast out Beelzebub and his Angels out of his & your usurpations, out of your illegal & sacrilegious possessions, restore by the same loyalty as you have done the King, the Bishops and others to their rights, restore the Church of England to its pristine Order, Authority, Honour, and Govern­ment: Submit to these licitis & honestis, that have the rule over you in Church and State under God and the King; Let us have no more if and ands, nor Pres­byterian policies, and independent projects, which are endless and every day given to change, as the populer wind blowes) cease to do evil, and learn to do good; Let us see the good tree by its good fruits, this do & let the Covenant live, in a sub­ordination to Gods word and the Laws of the Land, [Page 245] yea, and the Catholick judgement and custome of the Church, in point of venerable Episcopacy, assist­ed by a subordinate Presbytery; By this you cove­nanting Presbyters shall be known to be ingenuous and honest men, and if credit more than conscience do yet check you from chearfull submitting to your lawful Governours the Bishops, in active and filial obedience; At least let them have your silent and passive submission; Truely they are more afraid of you, whose Presbyterian chastisings have been very cruel, than you need be of them; Let the Laws be the measure of your subjection (though they were not of your Empire and Covenant, as they must be of Bishops authority and rule; Thus you will soon agree, but do not think good Mr. Grafton that you or your party as good Presbyters must correct Magnificat, or rule Church and State, know your own last and proportions, it may be you see your selves in a false & flattering magnifying glass, as if you and your party and interest were more considerable than indeed you are; There is a way to please the most and best of all sorts of godly Ministers and sober people with re­stored and regulated Episcopacy: with doing Bishops right, and neither Presbyters nor peo­ple any wrong; which way I believe the Kings wisdom will take, and all good Bishops will follow; Do not think by stickling for the Covenant in the rigid sense of some men, against justice, reason, law, and religion, and all antiquity, to engage all in a new war, or eternal broyls, onely to gratifie a faction; This hook will catch no more fish, the bait is gone, and the bare hook appears, the Scotch have had [Page 246] their belly full of the Covenant.

§. This (Mr. Grafton M [...] G [...]ftons [...].) is no Sophistical evasion (as you list to write) but an honest, plain and serious perswasion to you, and all your party; We must not, we will not, and by Gods help we shall not be miserable a second time upon a Presbyterial ad­venture, and the novelty of any such Covenant; either bring your Covenant to good old Christian Principles and legal practise of England, or it must and shall be nulled so far as it differs from them; nor have you dust or smoak enough now from armies or tumults to blind the peoples eyes; Nor will it suffice with a popular oratory, to pretend that the late Episcopacy in England was a vain pomp or glory of the world, &c. §. You may say so of all worldly glory, compared to higher excellencies, or if vainly used; But if well and worthily enjoyned to know that you never covenanted in Baptism any more a­gainst the lawful estates, honours, authority, and ornaments of Bishops, than you did against your own Bever hat, or Silk stockings, or your silk Cassock, and fine Gloves, or your good cheer, and City feasts, or their spruce and decent cloathing, or your power in your family, as a Father, Husband and Master, or your authority as a Minister in your living; abuse these, and you sin against your Bap­tism, but use them all well, yea and a great estate, yea and honour to boot if you can get them; I be­lieve you will not see any Munkish scruple in your Conscience against them, nor any godly cause to take a new Covenant against the very use of them, because they have been and may be abused by some men.

§. It is then a great mistake in Mr. Grafton, Gr [...]on p 24 Ep [...]pacy [...] Ca [...]holi [...]k cu [...]t [...]me a d read to [...] but a [...] Ch [...]stian indica on. to say that Dr. Gauden declared Episcopacy in its wonted eminency, to be a tradition and universal observation; It was so indeed in all ages and places till of late, but not onely so, it hath further stamps and impressions of divine order and wisdom, of Scripture precept and Apostolick pattern, of all right reason, order, prudence, policy, and due proportions of government; But the first of universal custome and consent is not to be despised by any sober Christian, for it gives a great glosse and lustre to the canon of the Scripture, to the Lords day, and to Infant-Baptism as well as to Episcopal eminency.

§. All which, and not onely this of Episcopacy, are owned with all due respect to the veracity, fidelity, custome and constancy of the Church of Christ, by all Episcopal Divines as much as Presbyte­rians, not excepting the Lords day; if Mr. Calvin and his followers be counted Presbyterians in your sense, who are you know not very strait laced, as to the divine right of the Lords day, by way of any divine Precept confining it to the first day of the week.

§. Mr. Graftons many light touches about Bishops and Episcopacy,Page 24. The many judgements for E [...]sco­pacy and prejudices a­gainst Pres­bytery. as to the name, office, degree, or­der and authority in Scripture, is to begin a new and large dispute, in which no man can well receive satisfaction, that denies credit to all the testimony of Antiquity, all Fathers, Councils and Historians of the Church and others; They best interpret any ambi­guity and confusion of names in Scripture, they best shew the distinct offices in the Church, the successi­ons of the officers, the difference between the [Page 248] community of Christian duties as Professors, or be­lievers of the common verity, and the specialty of office as preachers, or Ministers in common, and the singular eminency of Bishops, as Rulers or Gover­nors, in the Churches order and policy, who have ever been the chief conduits, conservators and de­rivators of all holy orders, discipline, and govern­ment; Nor can Mr. Grafton instance one age with­out them.

§. His agnition, if it will hold, is ingenuous, and that which Dr. Gauden waits for; namely, that the Covenant is not levelled against any real excel­lency (of abilities, gifts, graces, authority, estate or honour) in the Bishops, but against an unwarrantable greatnesse, power, and authority, either assumed by them, or attributed to them, without and against the Law of God and man; very good, we agree, let the word of God and its patterns, let the Law and custom of the Church universal be the mea­sure of this Episcopal dignity, power, and authority, see what it was in Ignatius, Iraenius, Tertullian, and Cyprians times, and the first 600. years, but let not every private Presbytery, or petty fraternity sum­mon Bishops to their tribunal; if Bishops do arro­gate or act beyond the Law, the Law hath its coer­cion for their extravagancy, as well as for Presby­ters; what the Law gives Bishops, and they have enjoyed these many hundred years, it is very envi­ous and insolent in Presbyters to call it an unfitting honour; And it is no lesse injury, that's high in­justice and sacriledge to exclude them from their right, or to rob them of them by violence and faction; which I see (for all his good nature by fits) [Page 249] Mr. Grafton will be ready to do, if he have a party once again strong enough to vail (as he vilely ex­presseth it) that pompous worldly state and wicked superiority which Church governors had obtained, one instance of which pomp he gives (more like a rustick pedant, or mechanick Plebeian, than a civil Gentleman, or a well bred Scholar) in the Lawn sleeves,A Gr p. 25. Mr. Graftons great scandal against Epis­copacy from lawn sleeves and other Bishops [...]r­naments. I suppose he means the rocket and chymer too, which Bishops in England do use.

§. Et pueriliter nimis, & scurriliter satis, is this your gravity and oratory good Mr. Grafton? Is this a sin, or fault, or shame, or an unlawful pomp to be found fault with in Bishops? Have you no greater instances of your scandals from their cloaths and ornaments? It is a very hungry fly of malice and envy that lights on these neither costly or flanting ornaments; I confesse I never saw any such glory in them, but rather have wondred how our ancient and reformed Bishops in England did not chuse to themselves some other mens grand, masculine, rich, august, and venerable garments and attire, nearer their Doctors gowns, or the Parliament robes, or the Judges vestments; Truly to me these white habits ever seemed rather Arguments of modesty, humility, and simplicity in Bishops, than of pride or pomp, for to expresse (as some fancied) by the white linnen brest plate and sleeves, candorem pecto­ris, castitatem corporis, & charitatem operis; The candour of their mind, the chastity of their bodies, and the charity of their works. §. Alas, is your pique at these poor things, that are so near a kind to rags and tindar? Truly this petulant passage argues a more vulgar, trivial, and Plebeian spirit, [Page 250] than I wish in Mr. Grafton, or any man that means well: The Libeller is not such an Idiot as to think God pleased with black, and offended with white; Nor hath Mr. Grafton cause to suspect so by the Angels appearing, or the Emblems of Christs glory and presence in his transfiguration; Are there not some that will quarrel too at your girdle, and cas [...]ock, and gown, if you dare use them? Is not the custome of any Countrey made the Law of its fas [...]on, and therefore thought comely because customary, the fancy being reconciled to all things by the lonocinium oculorum eyes intercession, and wontednesse to behold them?

§. Truly it is high time for you to give over pumping up your malice against Bishops and Epis­copacy, for you non draw the very dregs of in­fantile effusions; Did your Covenant blanch at these toyes, no lesse than at other innocent Ceremo­nies, more than at bloudy colours (in comparison) I pray God you may never find greater faults in Bishops, or spots in the English Episcopacy, than the p [...]rspicuity as you call it (it may be you mean con­spicuity of their lawn sleeves) I doubt not, but they may last with honour in this Church, after you and I are in our winding sheets; Nor shall you want proof either of the antiquity of these vestes can­didae in sacris, the use of white vestures in the Christians sacred solemnities, or of the constant and un-interrupted succession of Bishops, as chief Governours of the Church, above Presbyters in all [...]ges, though with their confesse assistance and brotherly counsel of the gravest of them as occa­sion required, which Dr. Gauden is so far from [Page 251] refusing, that he is ambitious of it, after St. Cyprians modesty and humility, who yet was a quick vindica­tor of his Episcopal eminency and due authority, against any factious Presbyters, or Deacons, who were not so soon to be found in their Parochial livings by many hundred years, as Bishops were in their Cities and Diocesses, from which they sent their Presbyters into the Countries, as occasion required, which Bishop Ʋsher and many others have proved so clearly to them, if you list to read, that I need not here adde my Candle to their Tapers.

§. Mr. Graftons close or farewell to these oblique reflections upon the Covenant, consists onely in re­peating some of Dr. Gaudens words, and begging not proving the question; so concluding Mr. Grafton begs and concludes what he ne­ver proves. mysterially against Dr. Gauden, who affirms and demonstrates beyond all rational and consciencious reply, that if this Covenants sense and import be not reconciled to the established government of the Church of England according to Law, to the legal and just rights of Bi­shops, to the Kings Supremacy in things Ecclesiastical, and to every Subjects duty or allegiance, as to his obedience according to Laws of God and man; It will follow, that in good earnest, there can be nei­ther Law of God or man requiring, imposing, or com­probating any such Covenant to be so taken or kept; So understood as Mr. Grafton and the Libeller seem still to urge it, against the just rights of Episcopacy in England.

§. This notwithstanding, he as boldly as blindly concludes, by a very weak and womanish flash, that the Boanergesses of the Presbyterian party will find cause to cry out against Covenant-breaking, nor are [Page 252] they more willing than Pharaoh and the Egyptians were to go to the Israelites, to release the credu­lous consciences of the vulgar from those superstiti­ous, injurious and disloyal bonds, by which they have captivated them to the interests of Presbytery, in order to rob, and spoil, and destroy Bishops, that were most worthy men, and to extirpate that Epis­copal government and authoritie, which is in En­gland, conform (as to the main) to the custome of all ancient, primitive, and purest Churches; and to change our Laws civil and ecclesiastical, which are so long woven together by a succession of 500. nay a 1000. years; And lastly to impose by will and force, by vulgar importunity and popular insolency, such Laws, Rites, and Government Ecclesiastical, upon King and Parliament, Clergy and Laity, Nobility, Gentry, and Commonalty, as shall seem most convenient to salve the credit of some stick­lers for the Covenant in their rigid and unlawfull Pre [...]byterian sense; And all this ne videantur errasse, that these Masters (forsooth) may be honoured be­fore a few people, our Laws must be all unhinged, our Church government subverted, the King endlesly molested, Heaven and Earth Church and State must be embroiled and a Covenant, which hath neither Gods nor the Kings authoritative stamp upon it, must tanquam e postliminio be revived and urged again to such a strain of innovation and alteration in Church and State, as is neither con­sistent with equity or charity, reason nor religion, true piety or Christian policy, no nor with common honesty and humanity; And all this to make good the retreat of some presumptuous or superstitious [Page 253] Presbyters, whom it would become much better to see with shame, and own with sorrow their ametrys and transports, to recant and renounce their po­pular and factious both opinions and practises, to deprecate the rigor of the Law, and the Kings just severity; Not to incroach upon, or abuse his great clemency, But to acquiesce humbly and thank­fully in these gracious remissions, indulgences and reformations which his Majesty was and is willing to grant, And had declared so much long ago, to the great satisfaction of all honest and sober men, if the immodest and unsatiable importunitie of some fidling men, had not by the Kings concessions hight­ned their factious demands.

§. Nor shall Mr. Grafton, or any man of conscience need to go further for a just and ingenious resolution of the Covenant, The C ve­nant is by its own words bound to its good beha­viour. than it self, whose sense, operation, influence and obligation, is so limited by its own general words, that no man is permitted, as he cannot justly be obliged, to act any thing in prosecution of this Covenant, further than is agree­able to the Word of God, and the duties of his place and calling, of which the Law of the Land is the bound and limit; if men cannot actively conform to the Laws of man, the Law of God commands them quietly to submit, with patience and peace, without murmuring, Sedition, Faction or Rebellion; To begin or foment, which I suppose no honest man can Covenant, and I am in charity prone to think this Covenant intended no such thing in many mens sense, I am sure it cannot bind any man to such desires, endeavours or practises, if it do by any letter of it, capable of no better sense or interpreta­tion, [Page 254] to be sure it is so far voyd and null, nor can it be called a breaking of that Covenant, which did and could never bind men; For nothing binds the soul or conscience of any man, but Gods moral ties and commands; Or such spontanious and particular vows of our own, as are conform, not any way con­trary, to those general obligations of Gods will in his word, and in right reason or principles of common justice declared in the Laws of the Land; All beyond, besides or against these, is either impious, injurious or superstitious, and so can be of no validity to the judicious Christian.

It is now time for me to return to my Libeller,The Libel­lers [...] and im­penitency [...] s [...]ith proposition. and to see how ingenious a confession he makes, having been put, by Dr. Gauden, upon the rack of right reason, the Laws of the Land, the Catholick custome of the Church of Christ, and the rules of true Religion, which suffer no man to bind his own or anothers soul, beyond that morality, piety, loyalty, justice and charity which they en­joyne.

§. But he sturdy and obstinate to the death, and resolved to make good his own, and the intrest of Dr. Burges, as to his purchase or hopes of Church Lands, and is so far from confessing any thing just, honest, p [...]netent or ingenious, that although his skin be almost flead off, and it only sticks now (as a rabbets) at his head and ears, yet he kicks and flings and bounds very desperately; yea he very pertinaciously bellows out his fourth proposition, as some Popes did their Bulls and brutish thunderbouts of undeserved excommunication, threatning all with destruction here (for it seems he hopes to raise an [Page 255] Army and encrease Dr. Burges his quondam troop, to a legion.) Nay and damnation hereafter, as if he had the keyes not only of compurgation, but of Hell it self; And all this terror must come upon the English World, King and people, Bishops and Presbyters, if they do not constantly and consci­entiously observe the Covenant, even as to the point of exterpating Episcopal Government as by Law established in England, although there be no­thing in this Hierarchy or Church-Government proved contrary to the word of God, as the power of god­liness, or the custome of Primitive Churches, or to the rule of right reason, or the measure of true policy; Nothing against faith or good manners, if any little things be amiss, excessive or defective in the constitution or customary execution of that Government, they are easily supplyed or reformed by godly and wise Bishops, or good Laws.

§. Yet upon point of damnation this Covenant must be observed, even to that Presbyterian rigor of sense and effect, which is evidently contrary to the duty of Christians and good subjects, as to your o­bedience due to the Laws established, to the King as supreme, to the universal good customs and order of this and all Churches heretofore; Contrary also to that both charity and equity which is due from all men to one another, not to deprive any of what Estate, and honour, and authority they are lawfully possessed of, and which they have no way forfeit­ed.

§. And all this must be driven on after long troubles by vertue of a Covenant, which neither God nor the King, nor our Laws ever enjoyned; nor the [Page 256] example of any famous Church commended, nor any prosperous or pious events and successes have endeared to the Nation, nor one half of the Nation ever took; And few that did, ever took it or in­tend and desire to keep it in any such an Episcopal sense; The generality of all people, Nobility, Gentry, Ministers and others, (no less than the Kings declared practise, testifying, that they desire to be governed in Ecclesiastical affairs) and by good Bishops according to the good Laws and customs of this and all ancient Churches.

§. But this head-strong and bold bayard (the Libeller) is yet so hard-hearted or hard-mouthed, as not to check at this sharp bit and bridle, put into his mouth, and the whole Nations, by his de­nouncing (as from the Troops) destruction and damnation to all England that keep not this Cove­nant to his sense, that is, so as may save the stake or adventure of Dr. Burges and his associates in their purchase of Bishops Lands, &c.

§. Yet here he stops, and rebounds a little at his own insolency, which crying out darus sermo, this is a hard saying, and so indeed it is worthy of so hard an heart, and forehead, and hand, as this stif-necked and impudent Libeller bears about him.

§. The learned and most Scholastical disputant Dr. Burges, hath an answer in his paradox of Sacri­ledg which very handsomely eludes, as he thinks, all those many condemnations and curses, those sacred, solemn abjurations of old used and affixed by many Founders and Donors of Lands and revenews to religious and charitable uses, by which to deter all [Page 257] covetous spirits from adventuring injuriously to alienate from, or deprive the donors of those gifts; He there very briskly avoids those Thunder-bolts; what that saying, The curse cause less shall not come with more Sophistry and fallacy than conscience or justice in many of these cases, which he arms at, e­specially as to Bishops and Church-lands, in which he was deeply engaged.

§. And may not Dr. Gauden with the good leave of such a purchaser, make use of his expression, in a case much more clearly, honest, just and consci­entious? Neither destruction here, nor damnation No damnati­on to those that keep not the Co­venant in a Presbyterian sense. hereafter shall (as to the merit of this case) befall those who do not (as they ought not by the Laws of God or man) observe or keep that Covenant taken, Sep. 11. 1643. in such a sense as is destru­ctive to that Primitive, Catholick, Christian, and legal Government by Bishops in the way of Episcopacy which was then by Law setled in England, and ever was, as to the main of its order, authority, and policy in this, and all Churches since they were Christian.

§. His 1. Argument, Lib. pag. 21. The Libel­lers vain ter­rours and curses. (which must be the anvil and hamm [...]r by which this Cyclops or Boanerges must forge and enforce his Thunderbolts) is; God will re­quire performance, and severely punish the breach of a Covenant, if made between man and man, ergo, of this &c. The Libeller was never taken for a good disputant, no more than Dr. Burges, else he would have limited the major to only Lawful Co­venants between man and man; Such as are of things in our moral power, neither to Gods nor mans injury; Else that proposition is a rankly false, [Page 258] and fallacious, as its proposers armes are.

2. He must prove the minor propostition, that this Covenant which he so urgeth to be observed, in a sense destructive to the Episcopacy of England, esta­blished by Law, is in that sense, notion and design, lawful; Or reconcilable with the duty we ow by Gods and mans Laws. 1. To the King as Supreme. 2. To the Church and our Countries honour and peace. 3. To the glory of God, in the well Govern­ment of this Church. 4. To the reputation of reformed Religion. 5. To the conscience and care of avoyding Sacriledg. Schisme, and faction. 6. To the justice we ow to all godly, honest, and deserving men, specially Ministers, yea and chief Govern­ours, or Fathers of the Church, as Bishops, whom no man can lawfully Covenant to degrade of their dignity, or deprive of their estates, and destroy, as to their authority, any more than their persons or life, contrary to Law, No more than he may thus wickedly, cruelly and injustly act against them; which injuries by some desperate men have been meditated and promoted, of which the Libeller loves not to hear, nor dare he patronize them, for fear of poor Peters his fate.

§. But to palliate the looseness, fraud, and fal­lacy of his 4. damning propositions, he hastens as if all were Gospel; he writs to prove his hard, but true saying (as he calls it) of vengeance against Co­venant breakers, by induction of some particular instances out of the Scripture.

§. God confirmed, he saith, the rash fraudulent and inconsiderate oath made to the Gibeonites, and punished Sauls perjurious zeale against them; ergo a [Page 259] Covenant taken, obtruded, urged & in a sence injurious to God and good men, must be so kept, as this Libeller and others design.

§. The fraud of this Sophister lyes in confound­ing all Covenants, as if they were all of a size, paralel and equal, whether just or unjust, lawful or un­lawful, with due authority or without it, against things, good, or evil, or indifferent.

1. The League Of the league be­twixt the Israelites and Gibeonites urged by the Libeller and Mr. Grafton. or Covenant made by Joshua and the Princes of Israel was only civil and secular, not Religions. 2. It was made by the chief counsel and authority of the Nation. 3. It was in things within their power as civil and secular. 4. It was to the injury of no honest men. 5. Though it was rash and unadvised in point of prudence, and those rules of policy, as to war with those Nations, which God had given to the Isralites, yet God confirmed it. 1. To punish their rashness and unadvisedness. 2. To preserve the Law and leagues of man-kind, when possibly begun by an honest fraud & surprize, yet afterward deliberately confirmed as this was. 3. God had mercy for the poor Gibeonites, as less sinners, or now more disposed to fear and repent than others of the Nations; Therefore though God punisheth their fraud by servitude, yet he will have the oath and Covenant made good; Since it was not to the injury of any, but themselves, who might justly, and without sin, bear any diminution put up­on themselves in secular and civil concernments.

§. Tell me now (O Egregious Libeller) is your case and sense and intended execution of the Co­venant like this? Begun without, yea against the will of the Supream Magistrate by a part of the [Page 260] Nation, first taking it upon themselves, and then seeking to impose it on others by terrour who were free-men, and over whom they had no such power by Gods or mans Laws; lo which sense, if it should still be executed, as the Libeller clamors, it must but consicat and continue those unjust and violent proceedings, which some men did begin and carry on against all Law, equity and conscience against Bishops and other honest men, against King, Chur [...]h, State, R [...]ligion, Reformation; Com­pare at your leisure (O Libeller) these cases, Saul and the I [...]raelites deserved Gods wrath for breaking their vow and oath to the Gibeonites; And such Covenanters as you, would have the English world to deserve the like wrath of God, if they either should take or keep this Covenant in your Ʋnjust, Cruel, Factions, Disloyal, Schismatical, and Sacrilegious sense: No, all Dr. Burges purchase of Bishops Lands and all he gapes for, is not worth such a sin, and shame, put by such Sophisters on the Nation.

[...]§. His second Sophisme is, any sworn Covenant be­tween man and man is the oath of God and this Co­venant; er [...]o Sacred, Inviolable, and Damnable if broken and unrepented: This the slatterer means, I suppose, and it is granted as true, if it be restrained to oaths, vows and Covenants that are lawful, just, honest and in our power; The God of truth who [...]t in his holy Covenant, exacts from man also the keeping of all Covenants taken by us in justice, truth and holiness; But he is far from allowing those Idolaters of Baal- [...]erith, who under pre­tence or a Covenant follow lying vanities, Sacri­legious cruelties, and injurious usurpations: To [Page 261] which no Covenant of God can bind, nor of men ought to oblige.

§. Here the man heaps up Scriptur [...]s to no pu [...] ­pose, he knows that God as much forbids taking and ke [...]ping, false, unjust, and sacrilegious Oaths, vows and Covenants, as he exacts the observance of such as are just: Zedekiahs case is of all other most improper to the Libellers purpose, for then the late Kings oath to preserve the rights of the Church and Clergy holds good against the Covenant, if it was to destroy and strip them, so the pr [...]vious oaths of Al­legiance and Supremacy bind all Subjects to the laws in force, and accordingly to their obedience to the King, and all others set by him over Church or State.

Zedekiah as a conquered King had taken law and life, and liberty, and kingdom from the Conquerour Ne­buchadrezar, for these benefits he is bound to the peace and homage required of him; He had power by the Law of God and nature, to accept of these condi­tions, and to ratifie things by his oath, which b [...]nds him, not onely in policy, and by the Law of Nations, but in piety to God; because in rebus licitis & ho­nestis, though the bargain was something hard, yet it was in things honest, & in nullius injuriam, and in his own power.

§. Let your Covenant be brought to this sense of justice, honesty, and indempnity, to all good Laws and good men, you shall not need to fear men with Ana­thema's, or Presbyterian excommunications; onely this I must tell you, Bishops and Episcopacy will then stand, and your Dr. Burges will loose his sacrilegious purchase, which none by Gods or mans Laws had [Page 262] power to sell or b [...]y, as your Dr. Burges knew well, ergo, majus crimen babel, his guilt with Judas is grea­ter than his gain can be.

H [...] [...] and [...] of Scriptures§. So that this Libellers cunning cumulation of Scriptures, and his Emphatick urging them, (with I pray mark, and again thus) These are but as the fine words that some Jaglers and Hocus Pocus's use to their gaping Spectators, to amaze them, till they do their tricks, or cut their purses; All these, nor a whole cart load of Scriptures, will not enable Dr. Burges to take an unlawful Oath and Covenant, nor to keep it, or any lawful one unlawfully; that is, with injustice, oppression, and sacriledge.

§. This crafts-master and enchanter hopes to darken mens eyes, and eclipse the Sun of Reason and Religion, by crying it is as clear as the Sun, that God will never put up the wilfull breach of any lawful Cove­nant, but dreadfully punish it, even on Kings them­selves; very true, but that is not the case, nor the sense (O noble Libeller) And is it not as clear that God will punish those that Covenant with sin and death, that bind themselves and others with unrighte­ous decrees; that swear with Herod most rashly, and then for shame and sense of honour must keep their oath by a kind of Heroick cruelty; and least he should be forsworn, he must murther John Baptist, whereas Herod might have kept his oath in waies just and generous enough, by restraining it (as this Covenant ought to be) to a sense, just, lawfull, honest, and within his moral power.

§. So this sacrilegious Libeller, and his rigid Pres­byterian party, they covetously covenanted, in hope they should extirpate Bishops, possesse their estates, [Page 263] share their authoritie, abrogate all ancient Lawes of Church and State.

§. But this sense violent and unjust, was not the sense and design of sober Covenanters, they declared contrary, and were alwaies really under the salvo's and restraints, tacite or explicite, of duty to God, the King, and their Neighbours, according to justice, former oaths, and Laws in force; Yet still this Harpy and his seconds dream of devouring Bishops and their Land; No man denies them the severest and rigidest keeping of their Covenant in all honest and just ways, but to sacrifice the honour, conscience, justice, peace, prudence, and religion of this Nation and Church onely to gratifie a few greedy cormorants, under colour of the Covenan [...], upon I know not what tenors of destruction and damnation, that an impudent Libeller (obscure, and ashamed to own his name) shall dare to threaten King and his people will all this, were to be afraid of (umbram asini) an asses ears, as if they were horns; or to expect he will make a learned speech, when he onely brayes most lamentably, he is not to be regarded, though he be the aureus Asinus of Apuleius, and hath been able to purchase a good parcel of Bishops and Church lands.

§. O how pleasant a sight will it be to all honest men, (as in the case of Crown lands) to see these crafty Merchants bite their fingers instead of licking them, when they are by Law taught to spell their Covenant to a sense, that is onely just, legal, and honest, or else to read it backward, to repent and recant it, so far as it is inconsistent with truth, right, and peace; there is no such charm or bond in any [Page 264] passages of it, but they may be easily undone by a juster and higher power than that which imposed it, or spontaniously took it in an unjust sense, and to end [...] unwarrantable.

[...].§. This scare crow or oxe of clouts (the wretched Libeller) still goes on, to set up this wind-mil of his fancy, as to Scripture severity, against perjury, (like those which are used in gardens to drive a way birds from Fruit, by their ratling at every puff of wind) So this man (if he be a man, for he hath the petulancy and malice of the worst of wo­men) fils his mouth with Scripture breath, which the Devil may do. & will do for his designes, only to scare away the Bishops, Deans, and Chapters from resuming their Estates, Lands, and Houses; Secure him but, as to this danger, you shall ride him with what curb or snaffle you please; He is not tender mouthed, as to any oaths, if he be, let him look to keep stricktly those he formerly took, according to Law, and which to be sure bind him to the Laws of God and men.

§. It is as true and trite and not disputed by Heathens, that the divine veracity and constancy abhors, forbids, and will punish severely, both per­jury and sa [...]riledg, being both sins defying or deny­ing God.

But as Sacriledge is confined to the unjust vi­olation, Alienation or Dehonestation of things truly sacred, by their Relation, Dedication, or con­secration to God and his service; So Covenant-breaking and vow-violating or perjury are mea­sured only by the Lawfulness or unlawfulness of what is sworn, vowed or Covenanted, else unlawful [Page 265] oaths, vows, and Covenants bind not, but only to breaking of them: The mills of divine vengeance are as heavy, and grind as much to powder, rash presumptious, false and unjust swearers, who bind themselves to do wickedly, by taking Gods Name, falsly into their mouthes, by seeking to make God the patrone of unjust actions, as they are against those who violate their faith or Promise made to God or man in things just and lawful. Nor is there less perjury (a parte ante, & pone, than retro & a parte post) forward than backward; He falls bad enough into the mire of sin, who falls on his face, by taking unlawfull oaths and Covenants to sin, as well as he that falls backwards, by not keeping such as he hath Lawfully taken; But both the Libeller and Mr. Grafton are shy of this re­trospection, how, by whom, to what, in what sense they are bound by their Covenant, least up­on due examination they find their errour, and be forced to recant, to the great disgrace of their Antiepiscopal party and faction, which having neither law of God nor man, for their design be­gun with the sword, and carried on with a pre­tended Covenant, or interest of Presbyters, against Episcopacy.

§. There is yet one thing more that lies in the Li­bellers way,Mr. Grafton and the Li­bellers shifts make the Covenant National. at which he stumbles, & crusheth (like Balaam on his Asse) his leg against the wall, where the way is narrow and presseth upon him, between the unlawfulness of the matter in his injurious and Sacrilegious sense, and the want of due and supreme Authority to set off his Sacred Covenant, to make it legal, and so National; The King (he [Page 266] confesses) as Father of the Family did forbid it) not we presume as to what may materially be in it, Hon st, Religions, Just, Loyal and Moral; No, the King was too good a Christian to deny these bonds, which he knew God, the Laws, and his Majesty had on mens consciences) But all know, that, his Majesty hill had just jealousies of the Covenant, least under the face of an Angel of Light, of fair & god­ly words, Satan an enemy to King & Bishop, might be hal [...] And least while men pretended reforma­tion, they might intend extirpation, deformation and d [...]struction. The [...] Cove­nant. 2. His Majesty justly denyed, be­cause it was contrived, offered and obtruded, with­out his Counsel taken. 3. He saw which way some Presbyterians at first did both interpret and intend it, their words and actions Proclaimed their sense of it, against Root & [...]ranch, good & bad, chaff & wheat; Episcopacy no less then Prelacy (for so those Crit [...]ks distinguish where is no difference) The envy, revenge, ambition, covetousness of some men, was to b [...] satisfied only by worrying to d [...]ath the godly Bishops and venerable Episcopacy it self, with the whole Church of England, no Catholick custom, no Laws of the Church and Kingdome, no pr [...]cript [...]on o [...] a Thousand years, no learning, merit, a [...]e, or usefulness may be pleaded, to keep but pos­s [...]ssion of their own during their lifes, no not one foot, or pens or Cottage which belonged to them, as Bishops, or ot [...]er dignified and Clergy-men belong­ing to their Couns [...]l and assistance in Cathedrals, must be allowed them; Therefore the late wife King finding some men thus maliciously to take and ex­ecute the Covenant, and knowing the petitions [Page 267] and expectations of so many worthy Bishops and others for their preservation and his too, and the Churches too; He did resolutely deny it, yea and died rather than allow it, in that injurious and sacrilegious sense, least under the belly or over the back of the Covenant, as a stalking-horse, the Ene­mies of this Church and State, Papal or Presbyte­rian, should with their Sacrilegious murthering piece, at once destroy the Order, Honour, Glory, Renown, Re­verence, Authority and Government of this so Famous, Ancient, Flourishing, and reformed Christian Church, which hath been ever blessed with Excellent Bishops, and by them, and under them; Nor was any thing ever amiss, but it was either imputable to the indiscretion of some Bishops, and not to the Governments Constitution, or might easily be reme­died by their wisdome, piety and charity.

§. So then the Libeller and Mr. Grafton doth but vapour and flourish, and beat the Ayre with their Flag-staffs without any swords; For i [...] is as false, that God exacts the performing of any morally or civilly unlawful Covenant, or oath, or that he al­lowes any to keep or stretch a Lawful oath unlaw­fully (as if a man should swear to pare ones nayles, or trim his beard, and cut off his fingers ends or ears) as it is true, that private and personal oaths, morally lawful do bind, though there be no publique, civil or supream Authority injoying them; But no such private oathes may lawfully be taken or kept in contradiction to, or violation of former publique oaths and Laws, yet binding to our duty, which is the case of the Covenant, if urged to a Presbyterian Anarchical sense, unlawfull and sacrilegious, [Page 268] against Bishops and Episcopacy.

L [...]l page [...] O [...] b [...]g [...]g [...].§. After this the Libellers belly gripes him, at one Pill of Dr. Gaudens, which calls some men bungling Reformers, this he sayes is either Blasphemy against his God, or rayling nonsense; So it is to call a spade, a spade, to speak the most pregnant & pun­gent truths, which many years miseries have told us, The crafty Merchant will not indure this free­dom if it touch his copy-hold, or look squint at Dr. Burges purchase; No sober man may doubt of, or deny a blessed reformation of Religion, these last 20. years, in which some have risen from the dung hil to sit above Princes; The monster will not endure Job to complain on the dung-hil, and to scrape his sores with a pot-sherd, whose miseries and Tragedies all ingenious spectators behold with tears of a­stonishment; if he, and his Dr. Burges, can lick themselves whole, by hedging in their desperate ad­venture of money lent on the publique faith, and so getting a good penniworth of Bishops Lands, all is well, though he payed not half the value, as he did not, for the first money lent was lost as well as other mens; His Gods that imposed on others a Covenant of salt, why did they not keep their publique faith? Or why should Dr. Burges and some few purchasers of Bishops and Church-Lands speed better by their sacriledge, than many honest men, who durst not buy Bishops Lands, nor wil­lingly lend any money, but only payd a Ransome from popular Plunder & Ordinances of sequestra­tion, as they did many years taxes; The just Prize which our worthy healers, the Libellers Gods, or A [...]s [...]ulapiu [...]es, had deserved, for the great cure of [Page 269] this Church and Kingdom; The first not to be healed by them, till they covenanted and performed the de­struction of Bishops, and all legal Episcopacy; The se­cond not to be cured till the Kings head was cut off; Are not these your worthies, your Gods, and worthy to be your Reformers, O devout Li­beller?

§. After all this swaggering, yet the Libeller,Lib [...]l. p. 26 The c nf [...]ssi­on o the Libeller [...] ­gai [...]st his design. as the Demoniack in the Gospel, after crying and tearing and foaming, comes to his senses, and con­fesseth oaths, if their matter be sinfull, do not bind, but to break them, or rather not to keep them; Pray Sir keep in this pound, and keep your Dr. [...]urges with you; This will keep him from going with any joy to Wells again, for the Covenant may neither be kept nor taken in any unjust sense, nor can it keep him, or any man in his unjust possession of Bishops and Church-lands; If any men, or the two Houses, or the Assembly, or all Scotland should covenant to take away all men: estates that have red hair, black beards, blood-shot eyes, and short legs, and these marks should fall on Dr. Burges or the Libell r, would they not cry amain, such a Covenant is unjust against honest men, upon no valid reason, against law, property, liberty of the Subject, and all good con­science; yet are the allegations against Bishops and Episcopacy lesse capable to justifie their b [...]ing de­stroyed by the Covenant, than those unlucky cha­racters are of any Zoilus, with Laconick legs and Draconick eyes.

§. The Oxford Reasons reprinted, this Libeller blows away with an easie breath, as leaf gold, or dry leaves, being an antidote as he thinks, against taking [Page 270] the Covenant, but no expulsive or dispensation, to the takers of it, for their not keeping it, he means still in h [...]s [...]ntiep [...]scopal sense, so as may insnare Dr. Burges lands.

§. But the man hath sure a better nose, if he had a mind to hunt the right hare; Dr. Gaudens and so the Oxford reasons are urged not against the illegali­ty of the authority onely, but the immorality of the matter, and the Schismatical Sacrilegious inju­riousnesse of the keeping this Covenant in a sense d [...]structiv [...] to Episcopacy, to many Bishops and other honest m [...]n, to the Laws of the Land yet unrepealed, to the duty of allegiance and lawful obedience which Subjects is owe to the King, and Presbyters to Bishops; These are the bones which the Libeller finds in the Oxford reasons, and therefore spits them out as soon as he tasts them, for he saw they were not for his turn, and did hold firm as well after as before any Covenant in an unlawful sense.

[...].§. He very properly tells us this Kingdom, and so the Church, entered into the Solemn Covenant; What, without the King? Did the body speak without the head? Sure it is no Kingdom without the King, much lesse a covenanting Kingdom; And did the same kingdom aftertake engagements against the King and all Monarchy? And did the same Church engage against all Bishops and Presbyters, and Minister [...] and Churches? What our Brethren of Scotland did, and how, and how many, and by what rules, and to what ends, Dr. Gauden is not sollicitous to enquire▪ that is another Province, and Dr. Burges when he suffered the gentle lash, was best able to tell you his sense of their action; For which see [Page 271] also his learned reply, called, The wh [...]ppe [...] whipt; no Ape with a chain, hath more pr [...]tty fea [...], winding, turning, and avoiding the lash, than that grave Au­thor useth.

For the Low [...]ountries The Low Cou [...]ries C [...]nant. and Prince of Oranges case, who began that Covenant called the Guenses, which [...]rederea and other [...] countenanced in a popular way, against the prudent [...]o [...]ernesse, Margaret of Austria, let them plead for [...]t that are concerned in it, and who dearly paid for it, first and last; I believe rea­son of State first moved in that businesse, followed with long wars, and many Tragedies, and so doth Dr. Gauden think 'tis reason of S [...]ate which chiefly moves this Libeller thus to rack the Covenant to his unjust, sacrilegious, impenitent, and unr [...]storing sense, that Dr. Burges may keep his Bishops lands, who is no Bishop, and 'tis pitty he should, till he be of his old mind again, which was for Bishops tooth and nail, and very bitter against their enemies; but he hath turned over a new leaf, and learned that Divi­nity in [...]is Sheep-skins and Evidences, which he never read in the Scripture, Fathers or Councils, or any learned writer, no not in Mr. Cartwright, or Mr. Knox, all against sacriledge, that is [...]lienating Church Lands against Law, and without King and Bishops consen [...].

§. And thus Mr. Libeller (who may well take the degree of Doctor in that faculty) you see that Dr. Gauden hath discovered your sacrilegious fal­lacies, despised your silly and unwitty sarcasmes, not gathering the flowers or fruits of your sorry Libel, which are none, but weeding away your hemlock and henbane, by which you seek to poyson [Page 272] the Nation anew, and to pervert that onely honest and just sense, which either is in, or ought to be made of the Covenant; How gaudy the field is of Dr. Gaudens Analysis, your clincking and childish folly is no competent judge; But to eccho to your wit, it will be no very gaudy day to you, or your Dr. Burges, when the Bishop of Wells comes to his lands, and the Dean to his house, out of which the Cove­nant, if honest and just, could not drive them, being legal and uncondemned men; nor either can or will it keep you in your usurpations of their rights, not them from their just possessions; And where then is all your labouring in the fire and furnace, your blowing with the bellows of faction, to heat the Covenant seven times hotter than any honest man either designed, or took it in, or can with con­science and justice keep it? Namely to the utter destruction of all lawful Bishops and ancient Epis­copacy in the Church of England; but to your com­fort (or terrour rather) there is a young man now appearing in the fiery furnace, with the conflicting Church of England, and its afflicted Clergy, Bishops, and others; He appears as an Angel of God, mira­culously come hither to relieve both Church and State; He is, and will be their Patron and D fender, he onely is worthy to be their restorer and reformer, who is their King, and worthy to be the Son of such a Father.

§. And now, O Nebucadonosor, and Holofernes, (for so this cruel and curst Libeller may justly be called) you may have leisure ere long to laugh and scorn more heartily at the Church of England, as a mother, The Libel­lers scorn to o [...] the Church of England [...] a mother. and at the Bishops as Fathers, when you shall [Page 273] see them come out of that furnace, which you hoped had quite consumed them, unlesse you can make good by some means your horrid menace of dam­nation hereafter, and of destruct [...]on here both to the King and all his kingdoms; In which all honest men abhor now such putid Sophistry, and frontlesse Sophisters, who ashamed to own themselves in so evil a cause, do creep out like vermine in the dark, and appear onely in the vizard of Libels, which shew them to be as honest men as those carnati carnifices were, who durst not but be in disguises, when they did that horrid act, the execrable murther of the King, even of that King who made such con­science of sacriledge, and dyed a Martyr for the Church and Kingdom; certainly if the Covenants words and sense be ambiguous or obscure, no oracle (next Gods word) can better tell us what ought to be the sense of it than our Laws, and the Kings great example, whose wisdom we now find, after many miseries, was as the Prophesies or Oracles of God, so much they have been fulfilled in our miseries, and now in our hoped felicity, by the happy restoring of his Son our Soveraign Lord and King.

§. Having thus discharged the Libeller with more than one flea in his ear, and with great flames in his Conscience, (unlesse he have such a crack in his brain as may make his excuse from sin, and sacri­ledge, by his frenzy) The last work is to pay Mr. Grafton Grafton p 26. Mr. Graftons popular and vain fears. his due also, after the different account and rate which he may deserve either of charity or civility.

§. His fear (good men) is, least Dr. Gaudens down-right blows may quite break in sunder what­ever [Page 274] may be of sacred bond in the Covenant, and in­stead of leaving an ulcer of putrid faction, he cut in sunder veins, and sinews, and bones that are sound and good; But this dread of his is in vain, for Dr. Gauden still aims to bring it to the rule of justice by Gods and mens Laws, without which it cannot be sacred; Those are like utterly to break it, who bend it to factious, partial, sinister, unjust, violent, unlawful designes, which make every thing execrable that is so abused, though they be the blessed sa [...]raments of the Lords Supper it self, which some (as in the powder plot) have taken, as a bond and seal of secrecy to their treasons and villanies; I still hope better things of the Cove­nant, and it shall be the rigid Presbyterian covenan­ters fault, if they make it to be wholly broken and baffled by their rigid, sacrilegious, disloyal, unjust urging and keeping it, in any presumptuous, super­stitious, injurious, seditious, or Schismatical sense, against all which the Covenant doth by many words engage them, more than it can in justice, or rea­son, or law, against regular Episcopacy, or the rights of Bishops, or the Churches honour, of the kingdoms peace.

§. Mr. Graftons note, that the paucity of Cove­nanters Of the many o [...] [...] Co­venanters. doth not discharge its obligation, is true, if it bind to just things; and 'tis as true, that the multi­tude of takers doth not confirm it, if it bind to things unlawful, no more than Queen Mary's both houses of Parliament, making a Covenant with the Pope and Papacy, did bind the Nation for ever to the errours and superstitious of that profession: Dr. Gau­dens argument from the paucity, was to shew how [Page 275] far it is from such a National drag-net as took in all, yet are none disobliged from their duties, but bound by ancienter, diviner, and more legal bonds, from which the Covenant can absolve no man, nor enable him to act contrary to them.

§. He is again scratching or clawing the Kings most sacred Majesty, who is never the more sacred for his passive taking or suffering the crosse of the Covenant, unlesse the Covenant were taken, and to be kept onely in a sacred sense, which must be just to God and man, to his own rights as King, and his Subjects in Church and State, against which the King alone cannot take any Covenant which shall be injurious to God himself and others, because the King is a publique person, and all estates have right in his protection, as he hath the right of domi­nion above all, and for all his good Subjects benefit.

§. For Dr. Gaudens making one of the number of his Covenanters, as Mr. Grafton reckons without his host, so it adds nothing to the matter; for 'tis sure, neither he nor any man can be bound to any thing before, or after such a Covenant, but what is just and honest; but to satisfie both Mr. Graftons and the Libellers curiosity, who go by hear-say, Dr. Gauden assures the world, that he never took any oaths, but those appointed by Law, no protestation, no engagement, no league, vow, or negative oath, And for this Covenant he offered freely to some principal authors of it, his many just scruples and objections against it, both as to its matter and au­thority; He had some of their answers under their hands agreeable to that sense, in which his [Page 276] charity w [...] and is willing to interpret the meaning of the Covenant, to reform, not ruine Episcopacy; then he declared publiquely his judgement, for Bi­shop [...] and Ep [...]sc [...]pacy to be such as now it is, That he neither could, nor ever would assent to the Cove­nant in any sense, but such as was in his freedome to refuse, and consistent with his former oaths, the Lawes of the Land, and the preservation of Epis­copal government in its just rights & enjoyments, in piety, loyalty, and those duties of equity and charity which he owed to God or man.

§. Further than this Dr. Gauden never approved or owned the Covenant, nor ever shall any part of it, how good soever it may seem in some things and expressions, yet an evil sense must not be cove­red under good words, nor may godly expressions be afterward wrested to abet ungodly actions: the whole mass of the Covenant seemed to be sweetned by those general salvo [...]s and restrictions put into it, of having regard in all things to the word of God, and to the duties of mens places and callings, and to the power of godlinesse; Let Mr. Grafton keep to these, and so keep his Covenant, for surely these can bind no man to any thing injurious to any honest man, or honest office in Church or State.

§. Of Dr [...] Gaudens free and publique declaration of his judgement, as to the Covenant in general and particular, hundreds (besides God and his own Conscience) are witnesses, and if such a declara­tion of his sense, what ought to be the meaning of it in conscience and honesty, will adde any strength to Mr. Graftons sense of it, or to the Libellers de­sign of making it sacred, not sacrilegious, much [Page 277] good do them, I believe they will sooner be drawn to Dr. Gaudens sober Eiscopacy, than to their Presbyterian exorbitancy, which he ever openly abhorred, and never secretly complyed with; if he had, it had been as much against his conscience, as against reason, Law, justice, charity, and Religion, and he must have had no peace till he had publique­ly repented and recanted such dissimulation, which he abhors as Hell; But none that ever conversed with Dr. Gauden, or his writings, do so much as suspect him to be either Antiepiscopal, or Presbyterian in such a sens [...], as either the Libeller must intend by his Covenanting, if he be faithful to his friend Dr. [...]urges and his purchase, or Mr. Cra [...]ton; now openly and most importunately, he freely tells the world, that the Episcopal Government as by law established in England, will never be reconciled to his Covenanting conscience, because he affects either to be over righteous, beyond the sober, just, and honest meaning, aplicable to the Covenant, or else over wicked, by being more rigid than the soberest masters of the Cov [...]nant intended.

§. His being apt to think the Covenant in his Presbyterian, injurious, [...] page [...]. [...] Grastons [...] the Covenant [...] a National o [...]nd. illegal and Anti [...]piscopal sense, looks very like a National obligation, signifies as little, as any other mens thoughts to the con­trary, considering the state of the times, and of the 2. Houses, when this was first set up in England; at that distance from the King, and in designes so diverse from our Laws, and so palpably for a novel­ty, and a party set up, first by forrain force and brotherly invasion; The two Houses were not half in each, either of Lords, or of the first chosen [Page 278] Commons, how they came so thin God knows, tis sure there was foul play on some side, however collective they had been, they had not power to make, or take, or impose any oath contrary to the Laws of England, which they were trusted to observe, not to break, nor yet to abrogate, or change without the Kings consent; Nay Dr. Gauden hath oft heard that the House of Commons have not power to require oath of any, except perhaps of their own members So that the protestation was precarious and per­sonal, not National, or Mandatory; And to be tree, he knew so well the intrig [...]s of those times, (not as one of any faction, but as having many in his observation, that were the Jehu's of the times and drove furiously) that however many, possibly most of the 2. Houses meant, at first better than things after proved, yet he is confident he does those men no injury, who were the cheif Engines and Charioters, to say they did all things more out of policy than piety, and by this Covenant they in­tended the advance of a party or faction, not of the publique interest, as it was comprehended and fixed in our excellent Laws and constitutions of Church and State; (Ad quas evertendas nemo sobrias accessit, as Cato said of Julius Caesar) to the sub­version of which by popular combinations and Covenantings without the Princes or supream powers consent no man comes, but drunk with pride and passion, or ambition, or covetousness, or su­perstition.

§. For his Sacred Majesties sense of it, he can best tell what it was and is, but Dr. Gauden be­lieves in Mr. Graftons sense, it will seme rather [Page 279] sowre Grapes to set his teeth on edg, than sweet ones to refresh his Soul. After all this said and done, tis sure neither the King nor any subject can be bound by, or to any sense of it, but what is just; of which, not his will much lesse others violence, but the Laws are the measure; Nor shall Mr. Grafton be more wary of plunging the King and Kingdoms into perjury, than Dr. Gauden is to keep them and himself too, from both perjury (which is to take a false and unjust oath, as well as to break a true and just oath) as also from Schisme, Superstition, Sacriledg, and rigid Presbytery.Of oaths ex­torted by terror.

§. What force and terror was used by some Co­venanters, Mr. Grafton was not then such a babe & suckling, as not to know, if he were, let him read the policies and Histories of these Tragique times; Dr. Gauden judgeth that an oath extorted by force and fear, only to a mans Private damage, in things of which he hath moral power, doth bind; But not otherwise, nor to anothers injury; For in these cases of sin and injury the fear may betray a mans constancy, yet he must repent speedily and not keep it presumptuously; For as, Nemo obligetur ad impossibilia, so nor ad impia & injusta, nor can he (requirere or conferre jus in aliena) get or give any right hereby over anothers Goods, Estate, Liberty, Life, or conscience; So that all those shreds and ends signifies nothing to affix or patch up the Pres­byterian sense of the Covenant, against the rights of Bishops and usefulness of Episcopacy in England.

§. He carps at Dr. Gaudens, owning the bonds of God, which are moral, to have in them sufficient and indispensible Obligations of the soul, to all [Page 280] duty, as if a man were not bound, or not fast enough in Mr. Graftons judgment, by the precepts of God, Law, and terror of his curse, even to wrath, Hell and et [...]rnal death, until Mr. Grafton hears him swear, or vow, or take some Covenant; all which are but sederings of those moral chains, or as it were hardnings of them, as steel or Iron to a greater toughness; As to a mans sense, and caution and con [...]nce, which sometime need such quicknings, and as to others jealousies who may need such fur­ther a [...]urances, however it is a most adamantine truth, that a thousand other vows and Covenants cannot bind the taker absolutely against any thing naturally guilty, Ecclesiastically or politically good, such as Episcopacy is without doubt, good orders, just distinguishing, prudent governing, and meet authority; And so may be useful, yea neces­sary and so morally good in the way of duty to God, or good to others, or to a mans self; Nor can they oblige us to any thing which is morally unlawful and unjust or injurious to any man, King or subject, which the Covenant must do in Mr. Graftons Presbyterian sense, and superstition, unless he thinks new Covenants without, yea against Law can absolve from, or abrogate old Laws and all lawful oaths; This I hope Mr. Grafton will grant, and this will save Bishops Lands, lives, honor, office and authority, for all the Covenant, which he may keep in Gods Name, so far as it stands with a good conscience, & trencheth not on an others just interest in thought, word or deed, and if he cannot, by reason of the rigor of his supposed Antiepiscopal sense in the Covenant, help up [Page 281] venerable Episcopacy, yet I am sure he cannot be bound to pull or hold it down, since this cannot be done but to the great damage of many honest men, to the violation of our Laws and Allegiance, to the scandal of our Religion, as Christian and reformed, also to the Canonization of Schisme, consecration of Sacriledge and encouragement of all Seditious Faction, and disorderly confusion in Church and State; To prevent which, that Mr. Grafton hath yet skill, courage, or conscience, let him cease to be pragmatick, and give leave to wiser men to manage affairs.

§. For Jeptahs vow,Of Jeptahs vow. I do not believe Mr. Grafton thinks Jeptah did literally fulfill it, but in a qua­lified sense of devoted virginity; and few Authors think other wayes, only Lodovicus Capella, in a Tract added to his Myrothecion, labours to prove it li­terally fulfilled by the Fathers killing his daughter, and offering her a burnt Sacrifice to God; a very horrid fact indeed, and seemes so different from the goodness of God, that however that learned man urge the text in Levit. and the face of [...] or Ana­thema, yet I judge no Saint of God, or true Church of God was ever guilty of such a fact; But God accepted a dedication amounting, as near as could be, of his daughter, short of life.

§. Gods oathes are for our assurance, to confirm our faith, and help our unbeliefe, as Tertullian ex­presseth it, Beati nos quorum gratia Deus jurat, miseri si nec Deo juranti credamus, Gods oaths cannot but be true and just and faithfull, ours ought to be so, in truth, righteousnes and jugdment, without falsity, injury, or silliness; Let the Covenant be so, we are agreed; Let no honest men have cause to [Page 282] complain that it treads not only on their toes too hard but on their very heads honors, offices liveli­hood and life, then I am sure Bishops and Episcopacy will be safe.

A [...].§. The second suggestion of Mr. Gauden is as true, that Imagination or mear presumption can­not bind in any Covenant, contrary to what in reason, justice, law, and religion you ow to an­other; It may bind you, as the sense, reason and measure of your erroneous or impendiu [...] conscience, to your own injury & damage, in things of which you have dominion or moral power, but not other­waies; Which truth hath as considerable a strength as you confess the next hath, tis well you own any thing so strong, just, ingenious or religious, the Libeller (as a Dragon) devours all, denys all, as it he had the Devils Chymistry to turn all he toucheth, even Scripture it self, into Soph [...]stry and falsity; pray keep to this strength, it will keep you safe, and your Covenant unblameable, let it be in nullius in­fariam▪ to no honest mans injury; (Though you may injure dishonest men too, by exacting more p [...]nalty of them, than the Law inflicts) much less to the Kings injury, or the Bishops, or the Church, or the Nations; keep your Covenant in these [...], and fortifications Salva res est; vicimus; I will not gave a farthing for the Libeller, nor for Dr. Fur [...]es his tenure and Sacrilegious Purchase.

[...].§. Yet again Mr. Grafton repents and repeals to some his honest concession; And fearing to con­firm Bishops & Episcopacy in their rights, he quarrels at what are Bishops-rights & the Church-rights, can he tell his own horse and saddle, or his Wife, or [Page 283] his house, or lands, or his maid-servant, or his oxe, or his asse, or any thing that is his? and how can he tell these are his? What if a Sceptick denys them, he will bring forth first actual possession and quiet, and for a long time, and many witnesses, and fair deeds and records, will this serve? All these are undeniable for Bishops, and their intrest, and can a Covenant rob you or them of all?

§. But he and his must have the stating of the object, the regulating, rectifying, reforming, modelling, mending of Bishops and Episcopacy, even till they marr all; Good Sir, give leave to the Laws and our Parliaments and Kings and Clergy in all former ages, and to the Church Catholick to be wiser then you and your faction; you are but of yesterday, there were with them, and there are still amongst the Bishops and Episcopal Clergy of England, men much elder and wiser, without vanity, then you or your Fathers, or your Presbyterian brethren, besides the Episcopal Clergy, and others of their, and the Laws Perswasion have almost as much right and wit as your selves, to judge what is best for them and the Church; Nor are you more zealous in words, to have Government and Governours of the Church, such as they should be, than they are indeed (I engage for one if God and the King call me to that work and office.)

§. True, if you can model a Parliament to your own genius, much may be done for Presbytery; But the English World is not taken with it, you should have given a better cast of your office and skill in Church-work, when you turned up Presbytery trump, whether the King and the Clergy and the 2. Houses would or no, for had they continued full and [Page 284] free, no Presbytery had peeped in England.

§. The regulating of Episcopacy [...]s easy, if it come not into Presbyterian hands; Trust the King, he is wise and just and [...]ou have found him very benign and gracious, you shall do well not to w [...]re­draw his Gentlines, till it break; rather walk worthy of that indulgence his Majesty intends you and others, who pleaded weak judgements, and strong passions or prejudices, but take heed of strong presumptions; the fall of Presbytery (and so it may be you will say of Episcopacy) had not been so great, if it had not, like young learns flown too high, and melted its wings before it was half over the Sea.

§. The concessions which the late excellent King was ready to have granted, as to the tempe­rature of Church Government by Bishops, are now lost and forfited by that party, because they then disdained them, they would have all or none, tis not just or fit now they should have very much; however not too much. Government in any latitude is a liquor too strong for most vessels, especially green, raw, and unseasoned.

§. The next Paragraph of Mr. Graftons Grafton page [...]. O [...] Eccles. of [...] is a most factions queri, and not worth any sober mans reply; truly 'tis pitty Mr. Grafton is not monitor or re­membrancer to King, Lords, and Commons, or inter­preter of our Statutes; 'tis sure that very act or Sta­tute for taking away the high Commission, is by very many learned Lawyers (and one I could name, a man without suspicion for any partiality to Episcopacy or Bishops) who yet upon some Presbyterians desires, of London, (probably Mr. Grafton was one of the fra­ternity) to know his judgement, upon that Act touching Episcopal jurisdiction, how far yet in force, [Page 285] he did very liberally shew me his ju [...]icious and lear­ned pains in the point, and concluded for Episcopal jurisdiction, still good and valid by Law, and onely abrogated as to the high Commission-Court, I am prone to think Mr. Grafton knows this story to be true, but it was not for him to tell it.

§. After this Mr. Grafton Mr. Graftons [...]ear of a Na­ [...] nal Cove­nant-break­ing. hath a jealousie least the sin of Covenant-breaking may fall upon the Nation, but sure there is no fear of National perjury by doing right to Bish ps, and justice to Episcopa­cy, injury, oppression, and extortion, and injustice, and cruelty, sacriledge and schism, are sins also of the first form, and to be avoyded as well as his covenant breach, or national perjury, which is but a popular and fallacious expression, never to be used, till it be proved that the Covenant was a na­tional and legal act; here the words are begged by Mr. Grafton, and applied onely ad faci [...]ndum popu­lum, not ad confirmandum veritatem, d [...] populo ph [...]le­ras; these are pretty baits for the vulgar, they do neither tempt nor scare wise & sober men, of whose souls safety, and consciences serenity, the Episcop [...]l Clergy have as tender a regard as Mr. Grafton can pretend to, or professe; There is as much fear of a rash Covenant illegally made, violently imposed, and unjustly executed by some men, as there can be of breaking, nulling, or dissolving it, injurious ligatures.

§. But as if Mr. Grafton Page 31. Mr. Graftons uniust and u [...]b [...] s eming partiality & calumny. were weary of words savouring of sobriety, he now again falls into rude Rhetorick, the vulgar and trivial staffe of old Mar­tinists and the like, which lost the credit of the nonconformists for many years, yea he is not ashamed to aver by a most palpable falsity, that Episcopacy [Page 286] hath brought the Reformation to a palpable retrogra­dation, he means (by the marks he gives some Bishops, who observed or urged some ecclesiastical ceremonies more than some men could bear, or possibly more than were convenient or commanded; Hence till 1 [...]4 [...]. it seems the Bishops and Episcopal government had run Reformation much backward; well, but when they were forced out of the box, pray how did the Presbyterian fury drive? Did they not high­ly advance the doctrine, religion, worship, ministry, all holy duties, yea our very material Churches very much; they and those who got up by their means into the stirrup, (and being in the crupper at last shoved the others over the horse head) these set for­ward Mr. Graftons blessed refomation, by bring­ing Horses into Churches, when Bishops could scarce be permitted to dwell in cottages; They advanced re­formation by pulling down Crosses and setting up weather-cocks on steeples; They ordained one another Ministers after new forms and fashions, which the Law of England knew not, nor allowed without the formal authoritative and essential words which confer holy orders; The Presbyteri­ans first got into good sequestred livings, and car­ried on the reformation of their estates very well, they exautorated the Lords Prayer, ten Comman­dements, the three Creeds, the Church catechism, and all ancient Liturgical forms of this and other Churches; they set up Episcopello's or Bishopperto's in every Parish, they unlawfully associated, till they were ashamed, scattered, and confounded; They ca­joled and hugged Independency, till that creeping ivy starved the yet tender and weak plant of Pres­bytery; This hot spur once in the saddle, O what [Page 287] tumults, storms, armies, angers, animosities, bloud-shed, corrupt doctrines, petulant manners, what irreverence, profanenesse, schism, sacriledge, atheism, enthusiasms and endlesse Egyptian taxes perfected our reforma­tion: §. Who can sufficiently set forth the praises of the Pre [...]yterian s [...]ort reign, or aspiring rather? It must be left to Mr. Graftons more florid and affe­ctionate pen, onely Dr. Gauden is bold to think it came as short in proof as in time of the reign of R. Eliz King James and King Charls the first, in whose last daies the stripling of Presbytery, instead of a Primmer and w [...]sour, got a beard and a sword, yea and a forraign vizard, and a da [...]g [...]r; It had indeed long affected a royal Scepter and a Crown, and plea­ded a right at least to Christs Scepter, but the former Princes and Laws severely rapped aff its sawcy sin­gers; but the last excellent King lost his head in this Presbyterian fray and quarrel, which Tragedy some honester and better natured Presbyters did so deplore, that though they had no great hope of his being theirs, yet they wished rather to have had Bishops continued, yea and themselves to have been made Bi­shops, upon condition the Kings life had not been lost, and Presbytery thereby for ever stained with the aspersions of Royal bloud; for though it were not the Executioner, yet it stood too near the block, and was the first that taught the King of England what it was to be a prisoner, as Salmatius observes, who was himself a kind of mongrel, or ambiguous Pres­byterian.

§. Mr. Grafton again wipes his nose on the Bishops lawn sleeves, which I before told him was for want of good manners, but I will forgive him this rudeness if he do not pick their pockets, by and by he is jea­lous [Page 288] least Dr. Gauden look despiciently on inferior Ministers; God forbid he should have any underva­luing of any honest ability, or subordinate Presby­ters, of whom he is one, and one of the least of them in many respects; Dr. Gauden heartily loves, and ten­derly esteems them, if worthy men; only if he find a rigid Presbyterian, he thinks he may be better a Cap [...]n without spurs and comb, than a Cock, so crow­ing, as some of them are proue to do in former years over poor Bishops, and they still fancy England, and London at least, to be their own Dunghill.

Mr. Grafton page 11. Of [...] against what [...] good [...]§. Dr. Gaudens affirming, that an oath cannot bind from what is in its nature good, was meant so far onely as the use of that good may be morally necessary for himself, or his; as if a man absolutely vow, neither he nor his, will ever take Physick, or be let bloud, or wear a cap, or drink wine; These are rash and vain vows, and oblige no further than a man can dispense with the use of them, without drink and eminent danger of his health and life, which are not his own to squander away, or rashly engage, but to be discreetly preserved for Gods glory, and other [...] good related to us; else no doubt a man may in order to promote a spiritual good, vow against the temporary use of some things good, lawful and indif­ferent; But this must not be rashly nor so, as to ob­lige beyond what he morally owns to self preserva­tion, much lesse may a man make a vow in an others behalf, and force them to keep it, as some Presby­terians would have all the Nation and Bishops too, to keep their Covenant, even against Episcopacy and their own rights; Truly let Presbyters who begot it, keep it, in that rigid sense, if they can, to be sure they were once better able than most Bishops, who [Page 289] had much a do to keep themselves being stripped of all by some Sacrilegious Covenanters.

§. For the case which Mr. Grafton puts rather facetiously then conscienciously in reference to sepa­rating the good not materially but morally from the evil of Episcopacy; Mr Graftons plot of re­fin n [...] Epis­c [...]pacy. My answer is, I know no greater evil in Episcopacy, than to have it too much leavened, sowred, and paled with Presbytery; The advise and Counsel of grave and learned Presbyters is good, where required and useful, but to have the authority so melted and minced, that the Bishops shall have no more of it, than lately the Presbyters left him of his Estate, is to render the Bishop a cypher, and to make every Presbyter a kind of Suf­fragan Bishop, or a Ruling Elder, and Master of mis­rule.

But if Mr. Grafton have not so good a sieve or fining-pot for Episcopacy, as is sit, let him not fear there are some other as wise and honest men in England, who in this work may save him the labour, and serve the King and Church and Kingdom, with such just proportions, that Episcopacy like the shew-bread of the Temple, shall be neither too fine nor too course; by either keeping in all the bran, or bolting out all the flower of Presbytery.

§. Mr. Graftons wonderment may cease,Mr. Grafton page 33. Of vows un­der [...]aci [...] conditions. as to a man binding himself from, and after applying to what appears good and useful to him, when he con­siders the meaning of Dr. Gauden is not, as to a sensible or advantagious temporary good, in point of private profit or pleasure; To which bounds, the oath though inconsiderate and to his detriment and in­convenience, doth bind; But it is as to a moral good, or evil from which he is thereby excluded, [Page 290] and to the contrary evil of which he is betrayed, by Sa [...]ri [...]tiously extending his oath to the prejudice Of [...] right and others just interest in his life, hea [...]th and liberty and estate, here by being over [...], a man may destroy himself before his time.

§. As if a man vowed he would never go out of his Chamber, either to serve God or man, no nor in a fire to save himself; Here his vow, as it could not be extended, so it must not be executed be­yond what it could morally be intended or taken, (salve des contint nento) with reserve and safety of Gods interest, which is a tacite caution and dispen­sation; For as we cannot swear to the prejudice of our neighbours, so less to Gods, and no further to our own, than in things under our Dominion and command, so as to make a good use of them; If a man vow in the time of his plenty, and gain to give a Crown or an Angel a day to the poor, with­out limitation expressed, and after grow poor, and cannot spare it from his support & his family, he is absolved and ought not to keep his vow.

§. In his conclusion Mr. Grafton peremptorily resolves,Of the [...] Epis [...]pacy that though Episcopacy were never so good, yet unless it appear necessary, it must not break through the bond of the Covenant; Episcopacy is not only under the Notion of a good Notional and entitative or National and political, but moral and Ecclesiastical, having with it, and in it, somthing more Christian and Apostolical perfect and Divine, than any other Government besides the aequum & justum, right and justice, by Law annexed to it, and not without injustice and oppression to be taken from it; He that vows to take away my horse, must [Page 291] not say he will not change his vow, till it appear that my horse is not only good, but necessary for me; I believe both the Law and the Gate-house will teach him, that all mens goods in nature, art and use, are under the protection of the Law, as things of right and property, and so by a moral preceptive and divine necessity (forbidding others to rob, or rapine, yea or to covet them unjustly) they are the owners; Nor will it serve the thiefs turn, to say he is a better horse-man, and can both keep and ride him better, than the right owner.

§. For the Sacred prophanenes which Mr. Grafton talks of in the Doctors props to bear up Episcopacy, if they will not serve Episcopacy, possibly they may Presbytery, which fears not to cover and cluck it self under the wings of the Covenant, as a strange chicken; When the same Covenant binds against Shcisme and Superstition, of which scurfe or Leprosy let Mr Grafton (as the Priest of old) take view and examine if Presbytery be curable, either to the civil Schisme which we call faction, contrary to the Laws, or that Ecclesiastical, which is con­trary to the Catholick Custome and all the Can­nons of the Catholick Church, as well as this of England.

§. At last he speaks very softly of mourning for the faylers of not keeping the vow and Covenant; Pray see if there were no faults in taking it, I am sure there will be in keeping it to some mens un­just sense, as much as in Absalom, who had his ambi­tious vows to be paid in Hebron, when he begun his unnatural rebellion; Still he deplores and per­stringeth Episcopacy, as if Presbytery were the only spotlesse bird. Good Mr. Grafton, have you [Page 292] no tears for her, or have you no eyes to see her faults, her wantonness, her insolencies, her excesses, how like Hagar when she thought she had con­ceived, not by Abraham the Father of the faithful, but by a mixture wit [...] stangers, she p [...]rted against Sa­rah, and lifted her self up against her superiours King and Law [...], as well as Bishops, hath Presbytery gi­ven all her bitter doses to King, Bishop [...], Church and State by exa [...]t weight and measure; Pray look well on the file of our tim [...] story, examine the simples and the [...]omposition [...], you will find, as you might by their violent and destructive operation, they were not well balanced or proportioned in the Scales of right reason, loyalty, justice, charity, Law or Relig [...]on, else we could not have been so over-grown with Anar­ [...]hy and confusion in Church and State, with civil water and Sacriledge, with self-seeking and uncom­passionaten [...]ss, whom did Pre [...]bytery ever pitty, that was depreiled by her? Or whom did it ever re­lieve but it self?

Dr. Gaudens C [...]nsel [...] Presbyters.§. There is no better Counsel to be given to our Presbyters Presbytery than that which the Angel gave to Hagar now wandring in the Wildernesse, and rea [...]y to p [...]r [...], return and submit to thy superiour in ag [...], honour and Authority, to venerable Episcopacy and Reverend Bishops, in whose family and under whose inspection Presbyters are much safer and happier, than they can be in their Schismatick de­sertions and factious divisions; No men wish and designe better for all Presbyters, that are absolute honest and ingenious than good Bishops do, who will treat them, not as their Lords over them, but as Fathers to them, [...]. not as Subjects but brethren, Not is he fit to be a Bishop, who is not as much [Page 293] concerned for the inferiour Cl [...]rgies good order, support, honour, and happinesse, as his own; for such is the symbolizing fate of good Bishops, and all other reformed Minist [...]rs in England, that divided they will be destroyed, united they will be invincible; Nor can those men be either very wise, or faithfull to the Church and Kingdom of England, who study to separate what God and the King, & the Laws of this kingdom, & the constant custome of this Church, as of all others from the beginning of Christianity, have united toge [...]her, in one family and holy oeconomy, by which good Bishop [...] may be adorned with the presence, assisted with the counsel, and honoured with the love and respect of lea [...]ned Presbyters; On the other side, such worthy Presbyters may be pro­tected and encouraged by the pr [...]sidential and pater­nal care of godly Bishops, whose true honour is not to be preferred above their Brethren, but to be as Joseph was, profitable to them, and to imitate the great examples of the Primitive Bishops, of the blessed Apostles, and of J [...]sus Christ himself, the great Shepherd, and chief Bishop of our soules, who laid down his life for his Church and flock, to whom we must all give account of all our times, talents, and advantages, in any kind, by which we are en­abled and called to serve his great interests, which consists in such an holy ordering of his Church, as may at once save our selves and others, least while we preach to, or preside over others, our selves be cast awayes.

§. In this humble and holy ambition Dr. Gau­den desires to live and dye, nor should he ever have pleasure in either seeing Bishops restored, or Epis­copacy re-established in the Church of England, if he [Page 294] did not hope to see by this means the glory of God and the honour of the reformed Religion, with the peace of this Church and Kingdom happily recovered and firmly setled, upon foundations of verity and charity, truth and peace, order and uniformity, sanctity and [...] mu [...]ty, which are the great ornaments and m [...]n [...]ments of any Church or Nation.

[...].§. And thus hath Dr. Gauden much against his temper and leisure, even tired himself and his Rea­der too, with his tedious and intangled animadver­sions upon those two Pamphlets, Of the Anatomist D. B. and the Analeptist Z. C. which sought to weaken the Strength, Religion, Law, Justice, and Ho­nour of his Ana [...]ysis, which sought in the most in­off [...]nsive way so to state and resolve the sense of that unhappy Covenant, as might make it some way con­sistent with Scripture, with our Laws, with the Ca­tholick judgement, order and use of the Church of Christ, with that loyalty which we owe to the King, with that iustice, charity, and humanity which is due to all honest men, and especially to Clergy men, who should be the best of all; Lastly, with that peace, order, stability, and good government, which is necessary for the happinesse of this Church and Kingdom; That Gods mercy and his Majesties cle­mency may not be still turned into wantonnesse, by the unreasonable and perverse disputes of po­pular, peevish, factious, and turbulent Spirits, who are so far from adorning the reformed Religion, or the glorious Gosp [...]l of J [...]sus Christ, or the name of the blessed God, by urging their Covenant on the King, and on this Church and Kingdom, in their unjust, ill [...]g [...]l, no [...]el, factious, and confused sense, against the ancient English Episcopacy, that they cause the [Page 295] name of God, and of Christ, and of the reformed Religion to be evil spok n of, by following those injurious, schismatical, and sacrilegious things, that are not true, nor honest, nor just, nor pure, nor lovely, nor of good report, without any vertue, or praise-wor­thinesse, contrary to those things which they have learned and received, seen and heard, in this and all ancient Churches of Christ, in the first Apostles and their most eminent successors, whose uniform, pie­ty, order and charity it is far safer to imitate with [...]ut any such Covenant, than to deviate from them under pretence of it, if it cannot be reconciled to pious antiquity, and to the Laws of God and man, which are the sufficient and onely safe rules and bounds of our duties, nor do they stand in need of any such novel Covenant to eke th [...]m [...]ut, nor will they bear any such new patch or add [...] ion to their old and fair garment, if it be of another colour different and deformed from those ornaments of justice, loyalty, honesty, and holy antiquity, which are the glory of true Religion, and the defence of a good Conscience, in which Dr. Gauden hopes and prayes to live and dye, without doing, saying, or writing any thing which may justly grieve either Gods Spirit, or the good Spirit of any man truly godly, that is just and holy, righteous to man and religious to God, con­trary to which, no man either may make, or take, or keep any vow or Covenant.


Reader, through this discourse, for Grafton read Crofton.

Books written by John Lord Bishop of Excester, and sold by Andrew Crook, at the green Dragon in St. Pauls Church-yard.

  • 1. HIerasp [...]st [...]. A Defence for the Ministry and M [...]n [...]st [...]rs of the Church of England.
  • 2. Three Sermons preached on publick occasions
  • 3. Funerals made Cordials, in a Sermon preached at the Interment of the Corps of Robert Rich, Heir apparent to the [...]rldom of Wan [...]k.
  • 4. A sermon p [...]e [...]h [...]d [...] the F [...]ne [...]al of Dr. Ra [...]ph [...]rounrig Bishop of [...] (Decemb [...] 17. 1659.) with an account of hi [...] Life and Death.
  • 5. A Petitionary [...] str [...] i [...] the behalf of many thousand Minister [...] and Scholars.
  • 6. [...] sive Medicastri, Slight healers of pub­lique hu [...]ts, set forth in a Sermon Preached in St. Pauls Church, London, before the Lord Mayor, Lord General, Aldermen, Common Council, and Compa­nies of the honourable City of London.
  • 7. [...]. Gods great Demonstrations and Demands of Justice, Mercy and Humility, set forth in a Sermon preached before the honorable House of Commons, at their Solemn Fast, before their first sitting, April 30. 1660.
  • 8. [...]. The loosing of St. Peters Bands; set­ting forth the true sense and solution of the Cove­nant in point of Conscience, so far as it relates to the Government of the Church by Episcopacy.
  • 9. Anti sacrilegus, or a defensative against Dr. Cor. Burges.

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