Shewing the Mis-understanding of the APPREHENSION To take all that vast Countrey under the Notion of a particular place of one Pattent of Boston, the Metro­politan of the Machechusets there, who in these late Times have Acted as a Free State and Il­legal proceeding, as by the many Books and Complaints by Petition have caused an Odium on the Countrey in general, in vindication to manifest the worth of the Countrey in general, it is as hopeful to enlarge His Ma­jesties Dominions, as if all the Baltick Seas were Annexed to His Empire.

By HENRY GARDENER Merchant, whose Fa­ther was one of the first Adventurers thither, and into other parts of America.

LONDON, Printed for the Authour, 1660.


Courteous Reader,

MY Father with others, and Capt. John Mason, ha­ving lived long in the Oriental parts of the World, almost as much Eastwards, as New England is Westwards, in the same lo [...]gitude from 42 to 44 degrees, at great charges procured sundry Pat­tents, as may appear; hoping to fix them and their posteri­ty, propagate the Gospel, and enlarge His Majesties Do­minions where never any Christian inhabited, to the vast charges of many 1000 l. as by sundry Books extant, besides the Relation of an old Gentleman in them mentioned,Mr. God­frey. being well known to have merited of his own Countrey, in other parts, here, and in New-England 27 years in person, is manifest; hath induced me to write these few lines. I find the Countrey no less hopeful to His Majesty, then what we did expect, but under Notion of one particular Pat­tent, of 30 others, now grown great, strong and potent by the Times and friends here. In these most sad times of distraction, the Machechusets of Boston acting as a Free State; have by those proceedings cast an Odium on all that vast Countrey, not onely to be despicable, unprofita­ble, and matters of other consequence. I thought good to shew so much His Majesties Title to the Countrey, by some [Page] Collections I have seen from New-found-land to Cape Florida, which were well to be published with the Mapps and Cards: till when this may suffice to shew the unjust pro­ceedings of the said Gentleman of the Colony of Boston, a­gainst the said Gentleman and those of the Eastern parts, who were not all of their tenents, but ever acted according to His Majesties Lawes, in taking the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy, they being of a contrary opinion: and Mr. Hugh Peters and other their Agents made use of their times here, 1652. subjugated all the Eastern parts, and put the Oath of Fidelity to the State, without any Relation to England, to the ruine of some Families. I wish every man may have his Right, and His Majesty his Right Interest: which is all my aime and endeavour. It were good the Mapps and Cards to be Printed, were sphe­rically drawn, each Pattent to be bounded, and their ac­knowledgements looked unto, what not granted, nor Con­ditions performed, if His Majesty would Grant, Customers would not be wanting, and a Revenue to His Majesty raised, which will cause Peace and Quiet to the Countrey, and security of His Majesties Interest.

To Answer such as say His Majesty KING CHARLES has no Title to that vast Empire, from New-found-land to Cape-Florida: some such there be; others no King but Christ; others Libertines, to do what is good in their own eyes; some Israelites; the rest Egyptians.

AGainst all. His Majesties Right in those parts, is 1. By Discovery from Hen­ry the 7th time, by Sebastian Cabott, for which he had a Pention of 200 Marks per annum. 2. By Possession of Sir Hum­phrey Gilbert, Sir Richard Greenfield, Sir Walter Rawley in Queen Elizabeths time, named Virginia. After whose death King James of ever bles­sed memory, peace being concluded, many Sea-men and Souldiers went to serve other Princes; others on Discoveries, as the North-West passage, &c, some fell with the Coast of New-England, and brought home some of the Natives.

About 1644.So my Lord Popham and others procured Pattents, for [Page 2] two Colonies to be settled in those parts, one by the Name of Virginia; the other of New-England.

Then my Lord Popham and others sent to inhabite New-England, 1607 and settled a Colony at Saquada­hock, the Ruines and fruit Trees remain to this day; but he dying, all fell: Then divers Fisher­men went onely to fish; and one Hunt at the end of his Voyage, in the Long-Robert betrayed 22 of the Natives aboard his Ship, carried them for Spain, to sell them for Slaves; (an ill Act) they would not work; the Spaniard refused them; some of them brought for England: Hunt taken by the Turks coming home.

By reason of these salvages another Atchievement was made,1614 but it came to nothing.

Sir Richard Hawkins went in Ship of his own,1615 the Garland, to make a Fishing-Voyage and Discovery: made a good Voyage, but no Discovery.

His Majesty granted Letters Pattents to the Coun­cil of Plymouth, 1619 and after confirmed by Pattents of Incorporation to certain Lords,1620 but great troubles a­rose in Parliament, that it was a Monopoly; of which and other passages, I shall treat hereafter at large.

Then the said Council granted sundry Pattents, as to Capt. Willeston, Mr. Tho. Morton, some of Dorchester and other, to settle in the Bay of the Machechu­sets.

There were divers of Robinsons Tenents of Amster­dam, 1621 and other Merchants of London joyned to settle a Colony nigh Cape Cod, now called New-Plymouth in New-England; Godfrey was one, but in two years they brought those that sent them 1800. l. in debt, so that the principat was fain to pay the debt; but since they have flourished and thrived, and do to this day: have well [Page 3] acted for themselves, as the Mode of New-England is.

There were divers worthy Gentlemen,1621 4o. Car. desirous to separate from the Church of England, yet among them­selves of sundry Opinions, (as hereafter) the most dis­creetest of them procured a Pattent, first by my Lord of Warwick, from the Council of New-Plymouth, after in­larged by his Majesty to Sir Will. Russel, Mr. Jo. Wyn­thrope, and divers others, as may appear; by Authority whereof, and persons of so great Eminency and Quali­ty going, and Books of Incouragement dispersed over all England; they proceeded so well and effectually, that seven Ships were provided at the Couses and Hamp­ton, and those parts, with all sorts of Provisions fit to settle a New Colony in a New Country; divers good and godly people went, but divers under the Umbrel­la of Religion, in regard of the largeness of their Pat­tent, which was three Miles South of Charles River, three Miles North East of Merimack, and fifty Miles by Sea shore, 1629. Bounded by themselves, named it the Bound-House, yet to be seen; their Pattent had large Limits and Priviledges by Incorporation, as Cu­stom free for seven years, which other Pattents had not; yet they were tyed not to act contrary to the Laws, or any way repugnant to England; & other Acknowledg­ments, as may appear. Men of great Estates went, and many ventured deeply, great Sums of Money of Bene­volences gathered, at present about 700. l. per Annum, in I and yearly, for the converting the Indians, what done therein, the Lyon not so fierce, as painted Mr. Rouses Book will shew. Of persons of note went the Lady Arabella, Daughter to the Earl of Lincoln, and her Husband, Mr. Isaac Johnson; in honour of whom the Ship Eagle, the Admiral, was called the Arabella; so [Page 4] with great Riches, Furniture, Provisions of all sorts, Trades-men, and Utensils for all Manufactures, people of all sorts went; Portanter avarii Pigmaliones opes pel­lago Dux, Faemena facti.

Relinquendo, to leave their Native Country, Rele­gando, to combine to settle at Vtopia, they safely arrived at Salem, and yearly great multitudes of People of all sorts went thither and resorted to them by Thousands; they fell to modelling of Government for Church and Common-wealth, gathering of Churches; as Peo­ple came, they could not agree of points of Contro­versie in Religion; a most hideous Monster was born, of stupendious Forms and Shapes, which did prognosti­cate their Dissension; Mr. Cotton the Minister said in the Pulpit, it had as many Shapes as Tenents broached; so that some not agreeing were banished, and a Council, or a Conventicle held, a man might see a Speech, but a wise man would not regard the Punctilio's, as in occa­sion I shall say hereafter; there was such a Confusion, that the wisest were at a maze, and so many Complaints came to England against them, that it was doubtful in short time they would quite shake off the Royal Jurisdi­ction of England (as now) all the Ships stayed for going thither; all Objections against them were then answered by Mr. Godfrey, who lived remote from them, where all had then taken the Oath of Al­legiance and Supremacy; so that upon his Plea, all the Ships were cleared. Thereby their Gover­nour and others, held Gratum Opus, since ill rewarded. Mr. John Wynthrope was a worthy Patriot and Gover­nour, his equal they may in time have, but a better will never come there; for since his death others also dead, and some reurned to England, seeking ambitiously [Page 5] far beyond their power or abilities, as by so many Books Petitions, and Remonstrances against them may ap­pear: So we may say as of Rome, Behold of late O little Rome, to what a greatness she is come; of Boston one poor Pattent granted, but of late is now become a mighty State; never Horse nor man ere turned home bettered by the sight of Rome.

From Boston in the American Strands, none ere came bettered, except he came by Land, for too much power so far off, in such hands, seldome wants danger not to measure Jurisdiction by the length of their Swords; they may hold themselves wise, and turn others out for fools, (but now) Che Tropo se stringe toto disleguea; if of meek spirit, should have suffered others after thirty years possession, and never any Complaint there or here, and approved by themselves, as under all their hands will appear. If Royal or Loyal Subjects, should have emulated who should have given the best account of all their Transactions, and suffered Appeals and Ju­dication for England, and assisted one the other, if they will acknowledge Englands power: If it be but weak­ness in some Men, as a sublimated Coach-man from the Box to the Bench, and Plow to Pulpit; a Tay­lor or two, and the like, with the mecannick Grandee Laymans Deputy, to stritch so large as to act contrary to Jus Gentium Lex, Law of our own Country, or Con­celarum Contience, to pass Sentence before Plea or Judi­cation, to inrich some turbulent men of low condition and less breeding; as one answered about the Book of Common-Prayer, he shewed them that could read, the 29. Eccles. How can he get wisdome that holdeth the Plow, &c. such should not sit high in the Congrega­tion, &c. They may do well in time to submit, and for [Page 6] wrongs done, make satisfaction or acknowledgment, as 22. years passed their Pattent was sued to a Quo Warranto, and sent for; if thirty more Queries be ad­ded, as for instance three or four, denying Appeals, Printing, Coining, and that his Majesties Coyn from 12 d. to 9 d. the Jurisdiction of Admiralty, English Col­lors.

By such proceedings the Country is held despicable, and an Odium cast on it, by the most unjust and unad­vised proceeding of one particular Pattent and place of Boston, which if others have their Rights, is not one 6th. part of the Country, and but one of thirty other Pat­tents, by the sad distractions of the Times; here divers Ministers went thither for the good of the Cause, as they said, returned for the Loaves sake, as Mr. Hugh Pe­ters, with twenty more of his Tribe; and some o­ther men of great esteem, as Sir Henry Vane, Sir R. Saltenstal, and an Agmen of men of all sorts, all high­ly preferred in Church, State, Army, Navy, Custom­house. &c. and some of no Literature, to preach, and Beneficed, and plundering here violently; it has a worm in the root in this time, the ablest Ministers and Magistrates dead, and some gone. There is some good Gentlement yet, as Mr. Indicoat, Mr. Bellingham, Mr. Demson, but they have no power, the Country act as a Free State, the Deputies first, they as the Ministers will; so if the Ministers and Deputies enter on mens E­states and Lands, as they have done, as I shall shew, and subjugate all other Pattents, & make them Town-ships; We that first ventured must petition, our sometimes Servants to be good to their Masters Children; what Law can we have or expect that be of the Church of England, they Independants, so our Antagonists, incom­petent [Page 7] Judges, being parties in action, and opposite in Religion: Let it be observed, that if in ten years they came to this height, what in these twenty, having so inriched themselves in Wealth, Strength, and Fortifica­tions, that if they Fortifie Pascataqua River for them­selves, as they have subjugated it, and now Arm against the Dut [...] [...]ew Neatherland, with their united Collo­nies, they may be the invicible States in America. If any object the contrary, I shall make it appear; let Major Robert Sedgwick, & Capt. Leveret, Nova Scotia Franc [...], Business be a president, for the difficulty, char­ges, and danger, if not in time prevented, may be more obnoxious to England, than ever the Hollander was to the King of Spain. All the power is in the Independant way, yet three to one out; and his Majesty has to my know­ledg as Loyal Subjects as any in England: in short time they will be in Confusion in themselves, the Country wholesome, pleasant; and if good Society and English Government were there, people would rather live there than in Africk, Greece, Italy, France, Spain, or England; it transcends all the Baltick Seas, and affords all or any Commodity they have, & more plenty of sundry sorts, and of more concernment to his Majesty, than if all the Baltick Seas were annexed to his Empire; as in a short Epitomy and Anotamy of those Countries, from New-found-land to Cape Florida, with the Mapps and Cards shall appear, with Collections of 55. years Pil­grimage: it is want of Charity in the Independant Mi­nisters, the Commons are possessed they are all Isra­elites, and we Egyptians, of the Orthodox and true Church of England, and reject old Planters that made way for them; Mr. Sa. Maverick for one, the most Hospitable for entertainment of People of all sorts, A­merica [Page 8] afforded not, nor does the like, yet never free of Avenies and troubles to many, some Life, Imprison­ment, Illegal Subversion, and Usurping others Rights: I could wish they had so much Charity as Turk or Re­mish, do as you would be done to; no Salvation with­out Restitution if able, not so much such as Israelites and Egyptians, and not to reward evil for go [...]: If this is too short or tart, I shall be more copious with their proceedings with us, whom you call, without Authen­ticated, by proceeding of their Courts, with their Magi­strates Hands; and though you have some good, godly, and able Ministers, some are to be blamed for irreve­rend speaking against ours, and they worse.


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