A DECLARATION Of the Commons assembled in PARLIAMENT; Concerning the Rise and Progresse of The Grand Rebellion IN IRELAND TOGETHER VVith a multitude of Examinations of Persons of quality, whereby it may easily appear to all the World, who were, and still are the Promoters of that cruell and unheard of REBELLION. With some Letters and Papers of great consequence of the Earl of Antrims, which were intercepted. Also some Letters of MART, which were granted by the Lord Mohun, Sir Ralph Hopton, &c. And likewise another from the Rebells in Ireland, who term themselves, The SUPREME COUNCEL for the Catholique-Cause.

ORdered by the Commons in Parl. That this Declara­tion, Examinations, and Letters, be forthwith printed and published:

H. Elsynge, Cler. Parl. D. Com.

London, Printed for Edw. Husbands, and are to be sold in the Middle-Temple. Iuly 1643.

Die Martis, 25 Julii, 1643.

IT is this day Ordered by the House of Commons, That the Ministers of every Parish within the Kingdom, shall read this Declaration in their severall Churches and Chappels, on the next Fast day the same shall come to their hands, after the ending of the first Sermon, and before the beginning of the next.

H. Elsynge, Cler. Parl. D. Com.

A Declaration of the Commons assembled in Parliament, &c.

THe COMMONS in Parli­ament do observe, that the grand Designe of altering Religion throughout His Majesties Dominions, had a more speciall influence in Ireland, as being more re­mote from view, and more propence to receive such im­pression, and therefore they think fit to call to minde (as introductive to that which follows) some particular footsteps, by which Popery hath been advanced, and true Religion discountenanced in that Kingdom, since the accesse of His Majestie to the Crown of England.

In the second yeer of His Majesties Raign, certain Propositions were set on foot in Ireland, the scope whereof was to fautour and indulge Popery in that Kingdom, as namely, to suspend all proceedings against the Papists, for being marryed, or for procuring their children to be christned by popish Priests, to allow the suing out of Liveries & Outre Les-mains by the Papists, without taking the Oath of Supremacie; with many like Priviledges to the Papists. The Designe being to [Page 4] bring in a more publique Tolleration of the popish Re­ligion in that Kingdom, for a sum of Money to be paid to His Majestie for the same. These Propositions and Designe were so grosse and scandalous, that even the then Bishops of Ireland, by a writing under their hands bearing date the 26 of November, 1626. did make a Protestation, setting forth how grievous a sin it was to consent to such Tolleration of Popery, and that to grant it in respect of any Money to be given, were to set Religion to sale, and withall, the souls of the people whom Christ hath redeemed with his precious blood. And that, as it was a great sin, so they did conceive it of most dangerous consequence, as by the said Protesta­tion herewith printed may appear: And although the House of Commons in their Remonstrance made in the third Yeer of His Majesties Raigne, did truely in­formeSee Folio 24. that even then the Popish Religion was openly profest in every part of that Kingdome, that Monaste­ries and Nunneries were then newly erected and reple­nished, with men and women of severall Orders, that this might prove of evill consequence, if not seasona­bly repressed, therefore most humbly besought His Majesty, to lay the serious consideration thereof to His Royall and pious heart, and that some speedy course might be taken for redresse therein; Yet how this faith­full and timely advice of the Bishops of Ireland, and the Commons of England was followed, and what speedy course was taken for redresse therein, will ap­peare by this which insues. For,

IN the beginning of the Fourth yeer of His Majesties Raigne, upon the agreement of certain Agents sent from Ireland to His Majestie (all or most part of them being professed Papists) these Propositions and Graces, with many like Additions, were granted and confirmed by His Majestie, in consideration of One hundred and twenty thousand pounds, to be levyed in three yeers upon the Kingdom in generall, as well upon the Prote­stants as upon the Papists: How great an encouragement to the Papists this was, and what an insufferable pressure to the Protestants, that besides the illegall imposing it upon them, with­out their consent in Parliament, they must be compelled to pur­chase with their money, Tollerations and Immunities for the Papists, let even those men judge who will be stiled the mode­rate and honest Protestants, whiles with all their faculties of body and minde, they strive to advance Popery, and to root up the Protestant Religion, and the Liberty of the Subject.

Many potent and notorious Papists have been created Peers by His Majestie, whereby the Votes of the Popish party in the Lords House (too many before) are much encreased, and those Papists become more powerfull and more exemplary in their respective countries, to the great encouragement and growth of Popery, and discouragement to the good people of that Kingdom.

That when by direction of the Lord Chancellor Loftus, and the Earl of Cork, then Lords Justices, proceedings were begun against the Papists, upon the Statute of 2 Eliz. for not coming to Church, and the Iudges in their circuits gave that Statute in charge, and Indictments were framed thereupon; directions were sent from England, to suspend and stay all proceedings up­on that Statute, when by taking the penalty imposed by that Statute being Nine pence, for absenting from Church Sundayes and Holy-dayes, the poor Protestants there might have been ea­sed of many heavie payments and Taxes which were after im­posed upon them, and the Papists either brought to conformity, or else kept so under, that this Rebellion; if not wholly preven­ted, yet could not have proved so Universall, and so bloody as now it is.

That the late Earl of Strafford being the Kings Lieutenant there, did by his great Favorite Sir George Ratcliff, one of His Majesties Privie-Couneell of that Kingdom, hold corresponden­cie with the Popish Clergie, and particularly with Paul Harris a known Priest, who had both publique and private accesse to Sir George Ratcliff at all times, as well by night as by day.

That in March, 1639. the Earl of Strafford, carryed with him into Ireland, Sir Toby Matthews, a notorious, pernicious English Iesuited Priest, (banished at the beginning of this Parliament upon the importunity of both Houses) lodged this Priest over against the Castle of Dublin, the house where the Earl did him­self reside, and from whence this Priest daily rode to the pub­lique Masse-houses in Dublin, and negotiated the engaging of the Papists of Ireland in the war against Scotland.

When the late Lo: Chanc: Loftus and the E. of Cork were Lords Iustices, they endeavoured to suppresse the Masse-houses in Dub­lin, and to convert them to pious uses; one which was in the street called the Back-lane, they disposed of to the University of Dublin, who placed a Rector, and Schollars in it, and maintain­ed a weekly Lecture there; to which Lecture the Lords Iustices and State of Ireland did usually resort, to the great countenan­cing of the Protestant Religion there; But after the Earl of Strafford came to the Government, the Lecture was put down, the Schollars displaced, and the house became a Masse-house, as formerly it had been.

That divers Monasteries and Nunneries were newly erect­ed immediately before the Rebellion brake forth in divers parts of that Kingdom: That at the Naas where the Earl of Strafford had his chief seat and resort, Convents of Friars, namely, Augustines, Franciscans, Dominicans, were not onely permitted, but also an house built there by the said Earl, for an other purpose (as he pretended) soon after the building was converted to a Friery, by the connivence of the said Earl.

That the Popish Irish Army was kept on foot there for a long time after the beginning of this Parliament, contrary to the ad­vice and frequent desires of both Houses of Parliament, and to the great furtherance of this Rebellion, by teaching those bar­barous villains the knowledge of Arms under the notion of fighting against Scotland, but now made use of to extirpate both English and Scots from the Kingdom of Ireland.

And that Lead might not be wanting to the compleating of this intended Rebellion (as it had bin in the last great Rebellion there, to the great disadvantage of the then Rebells) the Silver Mines of that Kingdom (which do afford great store of Lead, and therefore fit onely to be in the hands of Protestants of known integrity) were farmed out by His Majestie to most pernicious Papists, namely, Sir George Hamilton, Sir Basil Brook, & the like; and upon the discovery of the Plot for the surprising of the City and Castle of Dublin, divers barrels of Musquet-bullet were found (upon search) in the house of the said Sir George Hamilton in Dublin.

Before this Rebellion brake forth, the Earl of Strafford (well knowing the ready way to endear his Prince, was to pro­mote his profit) had by a violent endeavour entitled His Majestie by Office to the whole counties of Roscommon, Mayo, Slego, Galloway and Clare, and to a great part of the counties of Limerick and Tipperary; by which means a door was opened, not onely to increase His Majesties revenue in a very great proportion, but therewith to settle a Plantation of English Protestants, to the advancement of Religion, and safety of that Kingdom; And however the proceedings of the Earl herein were not to be justified in all points, yet when the Committee was sent from Ireland, at the beginning of this Parliament, to complain of divers grievances, they had no par­ticular directions to mention this for one; neither did that Com­mittee ever attend His Majestie to complain thereof, or desire a red resse therein, (conceiving the mentioning thereof wouldex­ceedingly distaste His Majestie) untill His Majestie freely offer­ed to depart with His Title to the former proprietors; But on the contrary, the Lords Iustices, and Councell of Ireland appre­hending the great advantage of this service, did by their Letters exceedingly importune His Majestie, that he would not part with His Title to those counties and lands; and that the Plan­tation of English Protestants might proceed as was formerly in­tended: But when those mischievous Councells, (now onely prevalent with His Majestie) found that the Parliament had both discovered and interrupted them in some measure, and that their Designe could be no longer carryed on by fraud and subtilties, as before; and had therefore projected this hideous Rebellion, then the Lord Gormanstown, Sir Donnaugh Mac [Page 8] Carthy Knight, now Lord Viscount Muskerry. Nicholas Plunket, Uncle to the Earl of Fingal, Sir Roe-buck Lynch, and Jeffery Brown a Lawyer (all principall and active Rebels now in Ire­land,) and Thomas Bourke (who was named a Commssioner in the late Commission to Treat with the Rebels, and whose fa­ther, brothers, and kindred are all now in Rebellion, being the chief of the Popish part of that Irish Committee: were consul­ted and caressed at Whitehall, and they or some of them without the privity of the rest of that Committee, had divers private conferrences with the King in the Queens presence: and what Clandestine agreement was made with those Rebels may easily be imagined, when upon their private mediation His Majesty was induced to give away these five whole Counties, with a great part of the Counties of Limerick and Tipperary; after so great an endeavour had bin used for divers yeers together, to entitle His Majesty to the same; and all this for a rent of 2000. l. or thereabouts, when as in finding the Offices, searching Records and admeasuring these Counties, and Lands the King had ex­pended out of His Own Coffers ten thousand pounds and up­wards. And this service of entitling the King was before that time esteemed such a Master-piece of the said Earle, that some persons who came over to complaine against the Earle for the same were imprisoned here, and after sent into Ireland to be fur­ther dealt with as the said Earle should think fit.

Neither is it improper to observe upon this occasion, the ex­tream difference between this Superlative Indulgence to the I­rish Papists, by this unusuall bounty, and that exquisite piece of injustice offered to the City of London, in the case of London Derry and Collerane; which shews the Land of Ireland is worth the owning, where no greater compensation is proposed for the parting therewith: And His Majesty was drawn to tell the Com­mittee for Ireland, that now since he was content to part with so much of His Right, He expected they would recompence Him some other way.

Immediately after, (namely in August before the Rebellion) they returned into Ireland, where how they bestir'd themselves by seconding their Letters and Messages, with their personall sollicitations, did appear by the Sequele for that the 23. of Octo­ber following, this Rebellion brake forth in Ʋlster.

To these violent presumptions may be added, that which is [Page 9] expresly proved by Archdeacon Maxwell, a Learned Divine, who testifies in his Examinations taken in Ireland, that he heard Tirlagh Oge O Neile, brother to Sir Phelim O Neale, the arch Rebell of Ʋlster confesse; That this businesse (meaning the Re­bellion) was communicated by the Popish Irish Committee to the Papists in England, who promised their assistance, and that by their advice, something formerly resolved on were altered; saying, it was a good omen and undoubted signe of divine appro­bation, that the Parliament of Ireland should send over a Com­mittee into England, the major part whereof were Papists. And Mac Mahoun who was to joyn with the Lord MacGuire for the surprizing the Castle of Dublin: being taken and examined at the Racke, confessed that the originall of that Rebellion was brought to them out of England by the Irish Committee im­ployed to His Majesty for redresse of Grievances, as by the Exa­minationSee Fol. 2 of James Piesly Gentleman, herewith Printed may appeare.

And as these Irish Papists did negotiate in both Kingdomes, so the Earl of Castlehaven, a Peer of this Realm; (that sate here in Parliament at the beginning thereof, but now a notorious Re­bell in Ireland) Mr. Porter, son to Endimion Porter, who decla­red himselfe a Papist in Ireland, Sir Bazill Brooke, the Popish Treasurer for the moneys raised by the Queens sollicitation for the War against the Scots; Mr. Andrew Brown a Lawyer of Lin­colns-Inne, heretofore expelled thence for being a knowne Pa­pist, with divers other dangerous English Papists went out of England into Ireland, the Summer before the Rebellion brake forth, and were very active there.

If these Circumstances preceding the Rebellion, and divers other of the like nature, be not enough of themselves to open the eyes of the world, It hath pleased God to discover such sub­sequent evidence of this kind, that may serve to convince the greatest unbeliever. Therefore (not repeating any of the proofs set forth in that Answer to His Majesties Message of the 13th. of August, 1642. but referring to the same herewith printed to which no Reply hath yet been made;) they think fit to adde to that evidence this which followes, namely the generall profes­sion of the Rebells in all parts of that Kingdome, that the cause [Page 10] of their rising was to preserve His Majesty and the Queen, from being opprest by the Puritan-Parliament, and that it was by their consent. That they knew well the best in England wouldColonell Mer­vin's Exami­nation. See Folio 33. William Stu­art Esq's; Exa­mination. See Folio 36. Hen: Steuart's Examination. See Fol. 37. side with them, that they had good Warrant in black and white for what they did. Their calling the English Army Parliament-Rogues, and Traitors to the Queen: and telling them at the be­ginning of the Rebellion before any appearance of War here, that ere long they should see England as much in blood as Ire­land then was. That they had their party in England and Scot­land, which should keep both Kingdomes so busie at home, that they should not send any ayd against them, with a multitude of such like expressions from the Irish of the best quality and de­gree; as may appear by the Examinations of Colonell Audley Mervin, William Steuart, Esquire, William-Steuart, Cent' here­with printed, and by divers other proofs. And although these expressions proceed from Rebels, yet concurring with a multi­tude of other proofs, and found true in a great part by sad expe­rience are not inconsiderable.

In the same Moneth of October wherein the Rebellion of Ire­land brake forth; the Lord Dillon of Costelough, (an Irish Peer, now in armes against the Parliament and Kingdom of England) went out of Scotland from His Majesty into Ireland, bringing His Majesties Letters (which he obtained by mediation of the Queeen) to be presently sworne a Privie-Councellor of Ire­land, who when he had taken the Oath of a Privie. Councellor, endeavours to be usefull to the Rebells, presents to the Lords, Justices, and Councell, from many of the Centry and Inhabi­tants of the County of Longford, (all in Rebellion) a rebellious and scandalous Letter in the nature of a Remonstrance, full of pretended grievances and unreasonable demands: As namely, to have freedom of Religion, a repeall of all Laws made to the contrary, and the like; as by the said Letter herewith printed may appeare.

In December after the Rebellion, the same Lord Dillon, to­gether with his brother in Law, the now Lord Taaffe, (a noto­rious Papist) repaired into England, bringing with them seve­rall Papers and Instructions in writing from the Lord Gorman­ston, and other Lords and Gentlemen of the Pale, all now in Re­bellion, [Page 11] to negotiate for them to His Majesty, and as they solli­cite with His Majesty here on the behalf of the Rebels, so doe they sollicite the Rebels from hence in the Name of His Majesty, to persist in their wicked Rebellion, as appears by the Testimony of Mr. Jephson, a Member of the House of Commons, lately de­livered at a Conference before both Houses in these words. viz.

AT my late being at Oxford, finding the Lord Dillon and the Lord Taaffe in favour at Court, I acquainted the Lord Faulk­land, His Majesties Secretary, that there were two Lords about the King, who to His Majesties great dishonour, and the great discou­ragement of His good Subjects, did make use of His Majesties Name to incourage the Rebells; to make this appeare, I informed that I had seen two Letters sent by the Lord Dillon and the Lord Taaffe, to the Lord of Muskerie, the chief man in Rebellion in Mun­ster, and one of the Irish Committee sent into England; intimating that though it did not stand with the conveniency of His Maiesties Affaires to give him publique countenance, yet that his Majesty was well pleased with what he did, and would in time give him thankes for it; (or neer to that purpose) That these Letters were seen by the Lord Inchiquine, the chief Commander of the English Forces in Mounster, and by his Secretary who had kept Copies of them; and that I was ready to justifie as much. Whereupon the Lo: Faulkland, was pleased to say, that they deserved to be hanged. But though I stayed there at Oxford about a week after this discovery made; I never was called to any farther accompt, nor any prejudice done to these two Lords, but they had the same freedome in Court as before for ought I could observe or hear to the contrary, Thus far in Mr. Jephsons owne language, a man of knowne honour and integrity.

That since this discovery made to the Lord Faulkland by Mr. Jephson, the same Lord Taaffe, one Roche, and William Brent, a Lawyer, active Papists, with Letters from His Majesty went from Oxford to Dublin: And upon Thursday before Whitsuntide 1643. in the Evening (taking with them one Colonell Barry, a protest Papist) and pretending for Connaught slipt away to Kilkenny, where the Tuesday following was a generall assembly [Page 12] of all the chief Rebels. When they had done their Errand, Barry was left Lieger at KILKENNY among the Re­bels; the Lord Taaffe returned to DUBLIN, and upon Friday the 9. of June, 1643. the Lord Taaffe with divers of the Privie-Councell of Ireland, that favour the Rebels, met at the Marquesse of Ormond's house, where the Propositions which the Lord Taaffe brought from the Rebels were debated. The Lord Taaffe is since gone into Cannaught, Brent is come back to Oxford to give an accompt of this imployment.

By this which hath bin thus truely related, every man may construe what was meant by His Majesties not consenting that the Parliament should send a Cōmittee into Ireland the last yeer, to endeavour the carrying on the War against the Rebels, upon pretence that the Earl of Liecester was presently to go over thi­ther, who is yet remaining at Oxford. That when that Commit­tee had prevailed with the Lords-Iustices and Councell, and with many of the prime Commanders and other Officers of the Army in Leinster, to subscribe by way of Adventure for Land in Ireland to be setled by a new Bill, very considerable sums which were to be deducted out of their respective entertainments, and were in a fair and hopefull way to induce most of the Officers of that Kingdome to do the like, which would have been a prin­cipall meanes under God to have quickned the mannaging of that Warr, when the Officers that must do the worke should have bin engaged in interest, as well as honour to prosecute the same with vigour and effect and would have lessened the insup­portable charge of that War, and in all probability would have encouraged the Adventurers in London and elsewhere, to have proceeded cheerfully to a second Subscription. Then to render this endeavour fruitlesse, one Captain Yarner did confidently affirm, that those which had or should subscribe, were enemies to the King, a thing so incredible, that few could believe it, till the same man went to Oxford, and upon his returne to Dublin, assured the Lord Marquesse of Ormond and the Officers, that he had discoursed with His Majesty about this way of Subscription, and that His Majesty did not approve of the same: Whereupon those who had subscribed did withdraw their hands, and the rest were wholly discouraged, finding His Majesty to dislike of [Page 13] that way, which he had formerly approved of, by His Assent to the Propositions presented to Him at Dover; and by His Royall Assent to foure Acts of Parliament, all made in pursuance of these Propositions.

That about this time a Commission was sent over, to meet with the Rebells, and to hear what they could say or propound for themselves, which Commission was directed to the Lord Marquesse Ormond, the Commander in chief of the English Ar­mies there, (whose duty was to fight, and not to treat with the Rebells;) and to some other Commissioners, among whom the said Thomas Bourk that had an hand in contriving this Re­bellion, was one, and who brought the said Commission into Ireland, and confidently delivered the same at the Councell Table, to the amazement of all the Councell then present that were not acquainted with the Plot.

And whereas by an Act of Parliament it is provided, That all the Monies paid in upon that Act, shall be imployed for the speedy and effectuall subduing of the said Rebels, by sending over into the said Realm of Ireland, and disposing there such forces of foot & horse, Monies, Ammunition, Victuall, and all other things necessary for a war, in such manner as the Lords and Commons in Parliament shall from time to time direct.

And whereas the Lords and Commons finding that from the Battell of Kilrush, which was fought in April, 1642. till Octo­ber following, the Army in Leinster had not been so active as was expected; and therefore to quicken the War, to inform themselves of the wants and defects of the Army, and of all o­ther things that might enable them the better, To send thither, and dispose of there, (according to that Statute) such Forces, Mo­nies, Ammunition and Necessaries, as were requisite for that service, thought it very expedient to send into Ireland a Com­mittee for that purpose, Members of the House of Commons, but authorised from both Houses, who carrying with them above Twenty thousand pounds in ready Money, besides great store of Powder, Match, and other Ammunition, and hazarding their lives in the Winter season, meerly for the good of that King­dom, might justly have expected a cordiall welcome there. But when those that now appear too evidently to favour the Re­bels, [Page 14] saw that during the abode of the Committee there, Parties were continually sent forth to destroy the Enemy: That the Committee engaged their own particular credits, to take up Monies for the relief, and setting forth of the Army; That the Commission sent over to treat with the Rebels, was not like to have so good successe as was wished by them, so long as the Committee were present at the Councell-Table, where all the proceedings against the Rebells were promoted and conclu­ded; A Letter was sent from His Majesty to the Lords Iustices and Councell to this effect, that His Majestie took notice, that without His consent or privity, they had admitted of one Master Robert Goodwyn, and one Master Reynolds, to be present at their debates, who thereupon were become so bold, as to Vote with them, a thing of such presumption, as none of their predecessors would have done or suffered: And therefore His Majesty did require the Lords Iustices and Councell, not to admit them any more; That He knew of no businesse those men had in His Kingdom of Ireland; but if they had any, they should make their addresses like other of His Subjects; and did upon their Allegiance charge the Lords Iustices and Councell to take care that those persons did not sow Sedition among His good Subjects. And 'tis observable that this Letter (like that which accompanyed the Commission to treat with the Rebells) was only signed with His Majesties hand, without any Secretaries hand to avow the same. That it was brought over by the Mar­quesse of Ormond his own Secretary, who was sent very secret­ly to Oxford a little before. That although both Houses before the sending over of their Committee had acquainted His Maje­sty therewith by Letter, and sent him a Copy of the Instru­ctions, which they had given to their Committees, to which Let­ter and Instructions, an Answer was returned by Sir Edward Ni­cholas as from His Majesty acknowledging thereby that the In­structions were the same in effect which His Majesty had given to the Earle of Liecester; Yet after all this, His Majesty was plea­sed to say in that Letter, that He knew of no businesse those men had in His Kingdom of Ireland.

And tis further observable that a Committee sent by the au­thority of both Houses of Parliament, (who had both the charge [Page 15] and mannaging of the War referred unto them;) to negotiate and consult with a State in distresse for their own good, where every Privy-Councellor sate covered in Counsell, there such a Committee so qualified should make their addresses like other of His Majesties Subjects: That is to say, should stand bare-hea­ded at the back of the Councell day by day, from morning to night, and humbly beseech them to save the Kingdom of Ireland, and consequently their own estates, at the proper cost and charges of the Parliament and Kingdom of England, who sent them thither. Lastly, the Commons cannot conceive what is meant that the Iu­stices and Councell, are straightly charg'd in that Letter upon their Allegiance, not to suffer the Committee to sow Sedition a­mong His Majesties good Subjects, unlesse to stir up and incite the English Souldiers in the pay of the Parliament, to proceed vigorously against those bloody Irish Rebels; be construed as a sowing of Sedition among His Majesties good Subjects; for that the Irish Rebels should be now esteemed his Majesties good sub­jects, is more then probable by that which followes. Sir Wil­liam Brereton Knight of the Shire for the County of Chester, a man of honour and Religion, by his Letter to the Speaker of the House of Commons, dated from Liverpoole in Lancashire the 7. of June, 1643. and herewith likewise printed. After some account given of his happy proceedings in those parts, writes in this manner. Within few dayes after this Victory there landed out of two Barques many Irish Rebels, in Werrall in Cheshire, some whereof acknowledged in the presence of divers sufficient men, who affirmed the same unto me; that they had washed their hands in the blood of divers English and Scots in Ireland, and now hoped to wash their hands in the bloud of English men in England; which Rebels being brought unto Chester, were accu­sed by severall of those poor English who fled from Ireland to Chester for refuge, to bee the persons who cut their husbands throats, others that they ripped up their childrens bowels. The Country wherein they first arrived did apprehend so much di­stast, that they did all rise with their best weapons, and appre­hended divers of the Irish Rebels, but being unarmed, not ha­ving past seven or eight Musketteers they could not make good their prisoners, who were rescued out of their hands by a Troop [Page 16] of Horse which came from the Commissioners of Array, who al­so seized about 28 of our honest Country men prisoners. These Irish acknowledge they caome from Strangford, and that there areSir Willi Breretons [...]. Fol. 41 1200. some speake of 1000. more to follow after, as by the said Letter herewich printed may appear.

So these Irish Rebels were taken for good Subjects, and set at liberty, and the honest men that had taken them imprisoned in their stead.

And that the Counsells now predominant at Oxford, and the supreame Councell of Rebels at Kilkenny are equally His Majesties good Subjects, and do ayme at one and the same thing, and are concurring and ayding one another as well by Sea as by Land, is apparent by that which followes.

The Commissioners authorised to command the Kings Forces in the West, (viz.) The Lord Mohun, Sir Ralph Hopton, and others, by an authority derived unto them under the Great Seal of England, as they expresse themselves; do grant Commissions or Letters of Mart, for the apprehending, seizing, and taking for His Majesties Service, all Ships and Vessells, belonging to the Ci­ties, Towns, and Ports of London, Exeter, Hull, Portsmouth, Dart­mouth, Barnstable, Biddeford & Plymouth, or belonging to any o­ther Cities, Towns, or Ports of England, &c. As by a Commi­ssion; or Letters of Mart, bearing date the first of June, 1643. [...] the Letter Mart. Fol. 44. under the hands and seales of the Lord Mohun, Sir Ralph Hopton, and Sir John Barklay, herewith likewise printed may appear.

On the other side the Rebels of Ireland, by the name of the supream Councell of the confederate Catholiques of Ireland, do grant Commissions or Letters of Mart, for the taking of all His Majesties Enemies, and the enemies of the generall Catholique cause now in hand in that Kingdom of Ireland, as by a Commis­sion dated the 5. of March, 1642. granted by the said Supreame Councell, to one Francis Oliver a Flemming, herewith likewise [...] another [...]er of Mart. [...]0. 46. printed may appear.

And as the Ships in His Majesties service do gratifie the Re­bels of Ireland, in seizing the Ships that bring provision for the relief of the English Army in Ireland, as appears by the Exami­nation of John Davice, Esquire, Commissary of Victuall for the Province of ULSTER; Who testifieth as followeth

That a Ship called The Michael of London, whereof Sydrake Pope was Master, was sent for France by the said John Davice, with 648 Hydes, which were to be sold, and converted into Corn, for the relief of the Army in Ʋlster: This Ship, by foul weather in December, 1642. was forced into Falmouth in Cornwall, where she was seized on by Sir Nich. Slanning, and by him sent into France, and the proceed of the Hydes return­ed to him in the said Ship, in Powder, Match, and Ammuniti­on. That about the 20 of April, 1643. a Ship belonging toSee the Ex­amination of M. Davice, Fol. 48. William King of Dover, laden with Wines and Salt from France, and bound for Carrigfergus in Ʋlster, upon the Ac­compt of the said John Davice, was taken at Sea by one Rich. Jones, Captain of a Ship set out from Falmouth by His Maje­sties Warrant; and as well the Ship, as the Goods, were sold at Brest in France by the said Jones. So the Rebells of Ireland do in like manner gratifie His Majesty, by commanding the Ships set forth by them to examine all English ships at Sea, Whether they be for the King or Parliament: and if they be for the King, to let them go; but if for the Parliament, to take and pillage them; as may appear by the Examinations ofSee their Examinati­ons, fol. 49, & 50. Christopher Hassall, and Marke Roche, two Irish Sea-men of Wixford in Ireland, who were taken upon the Coast of Yar­mouth in Norfolk, and June 12, 1643. examined before the head Officers of Yarmouth, and authentique Copies of those Examinations sent up to the House of Commons, and here­with Printed.

The Earl of Antrim, a notorious Rebell, was taken by the Scots Army in Ʋlster, and imprisoned there, upon suspition of High Treason: to avoid his Tryall, he brake Prison, and fled into the North parts of England, and hath been with the Queen at Yorke a long time; from whence he was sent to the Rebels of Ʋlster, with secret Instructions, and had Ammuni­tion assigned him by the Queens directions: And what care was taken of his Ammunition, will appear by a Letter dated at Yorke the 8 of May, 1643. written by Serjeant-Major Rosse, to that Apostata Sir Hugh Cholmley, Governour of Scarbo­rough, intercepted by the Lord Fairfax, and sent up to the House of Commons; wherein Cholmley is intreated to have [Page 18] such care of the Ammunition appertaining to the Lord of Aboyn, as he shall have of the Lord of Antrims Ammunition, for M. Jermin hath desired him to write these lines; as by the Letter herewith also Printed may appear; and what relation M.See the Let­ter, Fol. 51. Jermin hath to the Qu: is well known to the world. Since this care taken of the Ammunition of the Earl of Antrim, and the L. of Aboyn, the Earl of Antrim is taken the second time by Ge­nerall Major Monroe, in the County of Downe in Ireland, as he was returning from the Queen to the Rebells of Ʋlster, with divers Letters, Instructions, and Papers: and the Con­fession and Deposition of the Earl of Antrim's own servant (who was taken with his Master, and since condemned and executed) it is evident that there was, and doubtlesse yet is, an impious Designe on foot to reconcile the English and Irish in Ireland, & that by their joynt power having expelled the Scots, the Irish Forces there might be sent against the Parliament of England. The Earl of Antrim, and the Lord of Aboyn, (whose Arms assigned them by the Queen for this purpose were taken care of by M. Jermyn) as appears by the said Letter from Ser­jeant Major Rosse) and the Earl of Niddisdale, were three prin­cipall Agents employed in this horrid Plot: And that it may cleerly appear to the whole world from whence all our mise­ries and calamities do proceed, the same Lord of Aboyn, by his Letter directed to the Earl of Antrim then with the Queen,See the Let­ter of the 8 of May, 1643. Fol. 54. bearing Date at Caerlisle the 8 of May, 1643. and taken in the Earl of Antrim his pockets, among the rest of the Letters and Papers, writes in these words; My Lord, being certainly informed by Niddisdale's servant, That there is a new Order since we parted, for stopping of the Ammunition, I have taken occasion to intreat your Lordship by this Bearer, that I may know the par­ticulars of it. I must confesse, it surprizeth me, that any distance should alter so seasonable a conclusion: and certainly I shall never deserve to be made the Instrument of frustrating the hopes of their parts which should have been enabled by this Supply; I am perswa­ded there is scarce another mean to make our fidelity uselesse for Her Majesties Service: And lastly, desires the Earl of Antrim in that Letter, to acquaint the Queen with these effects of his ingenuity, as by the said Letter herewith likewise Printed may [Page 19] appear. And that it might appear to the Rebels of Ireland that the Earl of Antrim was accounted His Majesties good Subject, and had His Majesties approbation for what he was to act there, he was furnished with a Passe from the Earl of Newcastle, in these words;

WILLIAM Earl of Newcastle, Governour of the Town and County of Newcastle, and Generall of all His Majesties Forces raised in the Northern parts of this Kingdom, for defence of the same: To all Coloncls, Lievtenant-Coloncls, Serjeant Majors, Captains, and all other His Majesties loving Subjects of England and Ireland. For as much as the Right Honourable the Earl of Antrim is to travell to Dublin in Ire­land, and other parts of that Kingdom, These are therefore to de­sire and require you, and every of you, to whom this shall come to be seen, to permit him and his servants quietly and peaceably to passe and repasse into those parts, and back again, without any molestation or interruption: And further I do hereby require all Post-masters, Constables, and other Officers, to furnish the said Earl and his servants with so many Post-horses as they shall have need of from place to place, and stage to stage for all the said Jour­ney, See this Passe, Fol. 55. he and they paying the usuall Rates for the sam. And here­of you, or any of you may not fail at your perill.

Given under mine Hand and Seal, the 4 day of May, 1643.
Signed, William Newcastle.

Neither can it be imagined that the Earl of Newcastle, a Privy Councellor, and a great Commander under His Ma­jesty, durst have adventured to have given such a Passe to so notorious a Rebell, without expresse Warrant so to do: which Passe, together with the said Letters, were found in the Earl of Antrim, pockets, and were sent by Major Generall Monroe into Scotland, from whence authentique Copies are sent hither, which are likewise herewith Printed, togetherSee the De­claration from Scot­land of the 9 of Iune, 1643. Fol. 56. with a Declaration of the Lords of His Majesties Privie Councell in Scotland, and Commissioners, for conserving the Articles of the Treaty, dated at Edingburgh the 9 of June 1643, concerning the apprehending and employment of the Earl of Antrim, with their sense upon the same; As also a Letter sent from Major Generall Monroe (who took the said Earl of An­trim) to the Committee appointed by the House of Commons [Page 20] for the affairs of Ireland, bearing date at Carrick fergus the 23See Generall Major Monroe his Letter. Fol. 60. of May, 1643: To which may be added the Earl of Antrim's own confession, who was examined before Major Generall Monroe and a Counsell of War, the 12. of June 1643. and in his examination confesses that he came into Ireland with the Lord of Newcastles Passe, and with private Instructions for making of Peace; and Master Steuart another servant of the said Earl of Antrim, and taken with him, being likewise exa­mined the said 12. of June 1643. before the said Generall Mon­roc and Councell of War, and threatned with torture except he would declare by whose Warrant and direction the said Earl of Antrim had undertaken that imployment, saith, That as the Ammunition and Arms was to be furnished by the Queens Order and Command; So that he doubts not but the Earl of Antrims imployment and others was directed by her Ma­jestie.

But yet to come neerer home, The House of Commons among a numerous company of Proofs of this kinde, too many to be all related, shall conclude with the testimony of John Dod, late Minister of Gods Word at Annegilliffe, in the County of Cavan, in the Province of Ʋlster in Ireland, who was examined at the Bar of the House of Commons, and after before a select Com­mittee of the said House, and testifieth that after he had suffered many miseries in this Rebellion of Ireland, he repaired into this Kingdom, and some occasions carrying him to Oxford, he stay­ed there seven weeks, and came out of Oxford the 13 of June 1643. That during his stay there he saw a great number of Irish Rebells, whom he very well knew to have had an hand in the most barbarous actions of that Rebellion, as the dashing of small Infants in pieces, the ripping up of women with childe, and the like, among whom was one Thomas Bradye, who at Turbet in Ireland within 7 miles where the said Dod lived; as 36 old men, women, and children, not able to flee, were pas­sing over a Bridge, caused them all to be thrown into the wa­ter, where they were all drowned; that this Brady is now at Oxford in great favour, and Serjeant Major to Colonell Piercie his Regiment; that he saw there 3 Franciscan Friers, namely, Bryan ô Gormuly, Anthony mac Geochagan, and Thomus Nugent; [Page 21] and 3 Jesuites, namely, Lawrence Sutton, Philip Roch, and Edmund ô Rely, who were all very earnest for the Cause, and daily encouraging the Souldiers to sight against the Round-heads, and for that purpose have listed themselves in the Lord Dillons Troop, as was affirmed by divers; they go very brave and are called Cornetts; That there are daily and publique meetings at Masse, in almost every street there, and verily beleeves in his conscience, that for one Sermon Preached there, are 4 Masses said now at Oxford; That he saw Sir John Dungan there, a man accused of high Treason in Ireland, for being in the Rebellion, and fled into England, who hath a Commission for a Troop of Horse; The Lord Barnewall of Trimlestowne, and his son, who hath a Commission for a Troop of Horse, and is now gone into Wales to raise them; A son of the Lord Newterfield, who hath gotten a Command likewise; that as neer as he can possibly compute, there was then at Oxford above 3000 Rebels; and that most of the Kings Life-guard are Irish; by all which it may appear that the Irish Rebels are not onely esteemed HisSee the exa­mination of Mr Dod. fol. 62. Majesties good Subjects, but even the best of His Subjects, when they are thus admitted so neer His Majesties own person.

Upon the whole matter, no man can think that this Rebel­lion in Ireland, so barbarous and bloody, that one hundred and fifty four thousand Protestants, men, women, and chil­dren, English and Scotch, were Massacred in that Kingdom, between the 23 of October, when the Rebellion brake forth, and the first of March following, by the computation of the Priests themselves that were present, and principall Actors in all those Tragedies, and were directed by some chief Rebells of Ireland to take this computation, lest they should be reported to be more bloody then in truth there was cause, all which ap­pears by the examination of the said Arch-deacon Maxwell, who lived as a Prisoner a long time with St Phelmi O Neils mo­ther, and was there when this Computation was brought in.

No man can beleeve that this horrid and unparareld Rebel­lion should be the undertaking of the Rebels alone, being set on foot when a Parliament was sitting in England that could [Page 22] not dissolve without its own consent, when all Nations pro­fessing the Romish Religion were at peace with England, and so engaged at home, that the Rebells in reason could not ex­pect any considerable assistance from them, nor could think themselves able to incounter England, or Scotland either; much lesse both together, being so concerned and engaged by Religion, and the common interest of both Kingdoms, to suppresse by all means possible, so insufferable an insurrection: So that to imagine the Nobility, Gentry, and in a manner, the whole Kingdom of Ireland, who at that time enjoyed more free­dom of Religion, then they had done for many yeers before; should thus desperately engage their lives and estates in so wic­ked, so rash an enterprise, without being encouraged, incited, nay commanded from England, with an assurance both of con­nivence and assistance too, were to deny them to be reasona­ble Creatures.

And therefore the House of Commons abundantly satisfied in their own consciences and judgements of the trueth hereof, (though with deep sorrow and amazement) cannot but de­clare to the world, That by all these concurring circumstan­ces and convincing Proofs, (to which nothing can be ad­ded, save a witnesse, to confesse that he was present at the making of the bargain, which no man will expect in a con­spiracie of this horrid and high importance) that this un­heard of and monstrous Rebellion of Ireland, was project­ed, incited, and assisted, by those Councells now onely pre­valent with His Majestie. That the Queen with her Ro­mish Priests, the Papists of all His Majesties three King­doms, have been principall Actours and Sticklers herein. That now those bloody Rebels have, in a manner, rooted out the Protestant Religion in Ireland, there is a Designe to pardon them, and to bring them into England to do the like. That no earthly power is likely in humane reason to with­stand this damnable Plot, but the power of the Parliament of England, which is now declared by a late Proclamation to be no free Parliament, to be null, and of none effect: and all possible endeavour used by strength and stratagem to de­stroy [Page 23] the same. So that unlesse the Royall blood of King James, and the innocent blood of the Protestants of Ireland, do lie as a crying and stupendious guilt upon this Nation; which God hath determined at this time to revenge and re­talliate: the House of Commons do conceive it impossible, that so many of those which would be thought the honest and moderate English Protestants, should any longer be blinded and led on, to joyn with German, French, Wallon, En­glish, Scotch, and Irish Papists; and thereby to surrender up at once, The Protestant Religion, The Parliament, Li­berties and Lawes of England, into the hands of Papists and Strangers; that so this Renowned Kingdom may be no more a Nation.

The Protestation of the Arch-Bishops and Bishops of Ireland, against the toleration of Popery, agreed upon, and subscribed by them at Dublin November 26. 1626.

THe Religion of the Papists is Superstitious and Idolatrous, their Faith and Doctrine erroneous and Hereticall; Their Church, in respect of both, Apostaticall. To give them there­fore a Toleration, or to consent that they may freely exercise their Religion, and confesse their Faith and Doctrine, is a grie­vous sin: and that in two respects.

First, It is to make our selves accessary, not onely to their Superstitions, Idolatries, Heresies; and in a word, to all the abominations of Popery; but also (which is a consequence of the former) to the Perdition of the seduced people, which pe­rish in the deluge of their Catholique Apostasie.

Secondly, To grant them a Toleration in respect of any Money to be given, or contribution to be made by them, is to set Religion to sale, and withall, the souls of the people, whom Christ our Saviour hath redeemed with his most pre­cious blood.

And as it is a great Sin, so it is a matter of most dangerous consequence; the consideration whereof we leave to the wise and judicious: beseeching the jealous God of Trueth to make all those who are in Authority zealous of Gods glory, and the advancement of true Religion, and resolute and couragious against all Popery, Superstition, and Idolatry.

The Examination of James Peisley, late of Dublin, in the Kingdom of Ireland.


THat about the moneth of March 1641. it was his fortune to be present when Mackmaghon, one of the grand Rebels of Ireland, was Wracked, and his Examination taken by Sir Charles Coot, senior: in the presence of Sir Francis Willowby, Sir Arthur Losters, the Constable of the Castle, and some others, the said Mackmohon confessed that the Originall of that Rebel­lion was brought over to them by their Committee, who were imployed by the Irish Parliament to His Majestie, for redresse of their Grievances in that Kingdom, and that they ha­ving often solicited His Majestie for that purpose, was answer­ed, That he was willing to grant them their desire, and that he did confesse they were His good Subjects; but that He was so opprest by his Parliament in England, that he knew not how to relieve them; wishing he knew how to be revenged on them, or words to that purpose; which occasioned Sir Charles Coot to take him up, calling him Rogue and Raskall, for offering to lay such a charge upon the King, whom he said would assist them in things honest and just, but not give them Commission to cut our Throats. This Narration was not in­certed in the Examination read to Mackmaghon after Sr Charles Coot had finished it: The Reason, as this Examinate then con­ceived, was, That it being a matter of great consequence, they would take some other time to examine that point more pri­vately, which whether they did or no, this Examinae knows not.

A Declaration of the Commons assembled in PARLIAMENT: In Answer to His Majesties Message of the 13 of August, 1642. shewing the obstructions of the relief of Ireland.

THe House of Commons having received a Message from His Majesty of the 13 of August last, where­by they are required to retract an Order made by them for the borrowing of One hundred thousand pounds of the Adventurers money for Ireland, supposing that Order very prejudiciall to the affairs of Ireland, and contrary to an Act of Parliament made this present Session; Do in the first place Declare, That these directions given by His Majesty for the retracting of this Order, is an high breach of priviledge of Parliament; And they cannot, without a deep sense of sor­row, call to minde how Popish and Prelaticall Counsells did so far prevail with his Majesty, that two Armies were brought within the bowels of this Kingdom, and two Protestant Nati­ons ready to welter in each others blood; that when both those Armies had been a long time defrayed at the charge of the poor Commons of England, and at length, by Gods blessing upon the endeavours of the Parliament, quietly disbanded, the same wicked Counsels (prevented of that designe) did soon after raise this bloody and barbarous Rebellion in Ireland: The sup­pressing whereof (for the better colour) was recommended to the care of the Parliament; who, out of a fellow-feeling of the unspeakable miseries of their Protestant brethren there (not suspecting this horrid Plot, now too apparent) did cheerfully undertake that great work, and do really intend and endeavour to settle the Protestant Religion, and a permanent Peace in that Realm, to the glory of God, and the great honour and pro­fit of His Majesty, and security of His three Kingdoms: But how they have been discouraged, retarded, and diverted in and [Page 27] from this pious and glorious Work, by those Trayterous coun­sells about His Majesty, will appear by many particulars, some whereof they shall, upon this just occasion, call to remem­brance.

That when the Lords and Commons had upon the first breaking out of the Rebellion, immediately provided and sent over twenty thousand pounds, and engaged themselves and the whole Kingdom for the reducing of the Rebels; Yet His Ma­jesty, after His return from Scotland to London, was not either pleased by Word or Message to take notice of it, untill after some in the House of Commons had truely observed how for­ward those mischievous Counsellors were to incite His Maje­sty against His Protestant Subjects of Scotland, and how slow to recent the proceeding of His Papist Traytors in Ireland.

That although the Rebells had most impudently stiled them­selves, The Queens Army, and profest that the cause of their rising was, To maintain the Kings Prerogative, and the Queens Religion, against the Puritan Parliament of England; And that thereupon both Houses of Parliament did humbly and earnest­ly advise His Majesty to wipe away this dangerous scandall, by proclaiming them Rebels and Traytors to His Majesty, and the Crown of England, which then would have mated and weak­ned the Conspirators in the beginning, and have encouraged both the Parliament here, and good people there, the more vi­gorously to have opposed their proceedings: Yet such was the power of those Counsells, that no Proclamation was set forth to that purpose, till almost three months after the breaking out of this Rebellion, and then Command given, That but 40 should be Printed, nor they published, till further directions should be given by His Majesty.

That after both Houses of Parliament had found out a pro­bable way to reduce the Kingdom of Ireland, by the Adven­ture of private men, without any charge to the Subject in ge­nerall, and which they are very confident would have brought in a Million of money (had His Majesty continued in or neer London) those malicious whisperers, that durst not hinder the passing of the Bill, which was so specious in it self, and so ge­nerally approved: Yet have by practise, by drawing His Maje­stie, [Page 28] from His Parliament, by keeping Him at this distance, and advising him to make War upon His People, so intimidated and discouraged the Adventurers, and others that would have adventured, that they have rendred that good Bill in a manner ineffectuall.

That the Parliament and Adventurers had long since design­ed five thousand Foot, and five hundred Horse for the relief of Munster, to be sent as a Brigade, under the command of the Lord Wharton; had made choice of, and listed all the Com­manders, and prepared Money, Arms, and other Provision for that Expedition, and all to be at the charge of the Adventu­rers: And when nothing was wanting, but a Commission to the Lord Wharton, to enable him for that service, such was the power of those Counsels, that no Commission could be ob­tained from His Majesty; by reason whereof, Lymbrick was wholly lost, and the Province of Munster is now in very great distresse.

That when divers pious and well-affected persons had pre­pared twelve Ships, and six Pinnaces, with a thousand or more Land-forces, at their own charge, by way of Adventure for the service of Ireland, and desired nothing but a Commission from His Majesty to enable them thereunto; that Commission, after twice sending to York for the same, and the Ships lying ready to set Sail for three weeks together, at the charge of neer three hundred pound a day, was likewise denied; and those Adventurers (rather then to lose their Expedition) were con­strained to go by vertue of an Ordinance of both Houses of Parliament.

That although the Lords Justices of Ireland have three moneths since earnestly desired to have two Pieces of Bat­tery sent over, as very necessary for that service, yet such com­mands are given to the Officers of the Tower, That none of His Majesties Ordnance must be sent to save his Majesties King­dom.

That although whilst the Earl of Leicester stayed here in the Service of the Parliament, and in providing for his long-ex­pected Voyage into Ireland, a Message was sent to the Par­liament from His Majesty to hasten him away, and Letters [Page 29] were written to the said Earl from His Majesty, that he should make no stay at York for his dispatch, but that his Instructions should be ready for him against he came: And although it is notoriously known, That the Affairs of Ireland do exceed­ingly suffer by wanting the personall assistance of a Com­mander in chief, to give both life and motion to the Army there; yet the said Earl hath been stayed with His Majesty in the North a month and more, and as yet can get no dispatch.

That notwithstanding the bleeding condition of Ireland, yet divers Commanders and Officers in pay, and in actuall em­ployment there against the Rebels, have been called away from that important Service, by the expresse Command of His Ma­jesty, as Charles Floyd, Engineer and Quarter-master Generall of the Army in Ireland, and divers others.

That Captain Green, Comptroller of the Artillery, a man in pay, and principally employed and trusted here by the Lord-Lievtenant of Ireland, for the providing and odering the Train of Artillery which was to be sent to Dublin, and who had received great Sums of money for that purpose, was com­manded from that employment and trust, to serve His Majesty in this most unnaturall War against His loyall and best-affected people.

That the Parliament having made great provision of clothes for the poor Souldiers in Ireland, for their present succour, and sending six hundred suits, part thereof towards Chester the last week; the man that undertook the carriage of them, one William Whitaker by name, was assaulted by His Majesties Cavaliers, then lying about Coventry, who took away these six hundred suits of clothes, and the Waggon and horses of the poor man, although they were told that the six hundred suits of clothes were for the Souldiers in Ireland; and notwithstand­ing the poor Carryer was five times with the Earl of North­ampton, to beg a release of his Waggon.

That three hundred suits of clothes, with a Chirurgions Chest of Medicaments, being likewise sent for Ireland by one Richard Owefield, who was employed by the Parliament to carry them to Chester, a Troop of His Majesties Cavaliers, un­der command of one Captain Middleton, met with them upon [Page 30] the Road, and took away the clothes, and Chirurgeons Chest, together with the poor Carryers horses and Waggon, for His Majesties pretended service here.

That a great number of Draught-horses prepared by the Parliament for the Artillery and Baggage of the Irish Army, were sent to Chester for that purpose; and being there, at­tending a Passage, are now required by His Majesty, for His said present service in England.

That His Majesties Forces are so Quartered in and about the common Roads to Ireland, that neither Money, Clothes, Victualls, or other Provision can passe thither by Land with any safety.

That Captain Kettleby the Admirall, and Sir Henry Strad­ling the Vice-Admirall of the Ships which were directed to lie upon the Coast of Ireland to annoy the Rebells, and to prevent the bringing to them Ammunition and relief from forraign Parts, are both called away from that employment by His Majesties Command; and by reason of their departure from the Coast of Munster, to which they were designed, the Re­bells there have received Powder, Ammunition, and other re­lief from forraign parts; by which, and many other particu­lars, too long to relate, it may seem as if those barbarous Irish Rebells are kept on foot and countenanced there, of designe to assist the Northern Cavaliers, and according to the Earl of Strafords unheard of advice, to have an Army in Ireland, with which His Majesty may reduce this Kingdom, especially consi­dering those confident Rebells have presumed, very lately, to send a Petition to His Majesty, intituling themselves His Majesties Catholike Subjects of Ireland, and complaining of the Puritane Parliament of England, and desiring, That since His Majesty comes not thither, according to their expectati­on, that they may come into England to His Majesty; Which Petition, we may justly fear, is but a Prologue to that Tra­gedie they have designed to act here, in case their coming over be not prevented by the care and vigilancy of the Parlia­ment and good people of England. But lest the House of Commons might seem to excuse the making of this Order by a way of Recrimination, They, for satisfaction to the world, do [Page 31] protest before Almighty God (the searcher of all hearts) That they have as great compassion and sorrow for the present suf­ferings of their distressed brethren in Ireland, as if themselves were in their case (into which they are confident those horrid Traitours, those monsters of men about His Majestie do labour to bring this Kingdom) That they have, and shall ever really endeavour by all means possible (with a due regard to the pre­sent estate of this Kingdom) to supply and support them in this their great affliction, notwithstanding the malice and ob­structions of all opposers.

That the House of Commons lively apprehending the im­minent danger of this Kingdom, and finding that whilest they were active here to subdue the Rebels of Ireland, there were Papists, Traytors and Delinquents more active in the North, to conquer and destroy the Parliament and good people of England, Thought it necessary to provide for the safety of both, by preparing a competent Army for the defence of King and Kingdom. And although multitudes of well-affected persons had cheerfully brought in great store of Plate for that purpose, yet in regard the Plate could not be coyned with such expedi­tion as the Importance of the Service did require, and well knowing that One hundred thousand pounds might for a short time be borrowed out of the Adventurers Money for Ireland, without any prejudice to the Affairs of that Kingdom, whose subsistence depends upon the well-fare of this, and resolving to make a reall and speedy re-payment of what Money should be so borrowed, did make this Order; which, that it may ap­pear to all the world to be neither mischievous, illegall, nor unjust (as His Majestie by the instigation of those Malig­nant whisperers is pleased to tearm it) the House of Com­mons thought fit to recite it, in haec verba; and in stead of retracting the Order, to re-pay the Money with all possible speed.

The 30 of July, 1642.

IT is this day Ordered by the Commons House of Parlia­ment, That the Treasurers appointed to receive the Monies come in upon the Subscriptions for Ireland, do forthwith furnish by way of Loan, unto the Committee of the Lords and Commons, for the defence of the King­dom, the sum of One hundred thousand pounds, for the supply of the publike necessitie, for the defence of the King, Parliament, and Kingdom, upon the publike Faith, to be re-paid duely and carefully within so short a time, that it shall not be diverted from the purpose for, which it was intended, or any way frustrate the Acts al­ready made in the behalf of that Adventure.

BY which Order, and that which hath been here truely set down, it will easily appear to all the indifferent people of His Majesties three Kingdoms, whether the King and His Cavaliers, or the King and His Parliament do most affect and endeavour the setling of true Religion, and a firm and constant Peace within that bleeding and distressed Kingdom.

The examination of Collonell Audley Mervin given in the fifth day of Iuly 1643. unto a select Committee of the House of Commons, and attested under his hand.

THis Examinate saith that about the 27 of October 1641. Rory Maguire, brother to the Lord Maguire, came unto Castle Trelick, in the County of Tyrone, being this Examinates then house, who amongst other discourse told this Examinate, that it was resolved amongst themselves, to imploy him into England, to represent unto his Majestie, upon what grounds they had taken up Armes, and what desires being granted, they would lay them downe: the reasons Rory Ma­guire acquainted this examinate withall for the present were, that the Parliament in England was fully bent to the extir­pation of the Catholique Religion, as was apparent in the ex­ecution of some of their priests, and that they invaded the Kings prerogative in which their greatest security reposed. To the first, I answered him, the power of the Parliament in Eng­land extended only to that Kingdome, their statutes obliged not us untill confirmed it being found agreable to the constitution, of this Kingdome, by our owne Parliament. As to the second, [Page 34] we were no competent Iudges of the Parliaments procee­dings, and it were seasonable enough to vindicate the Kings prerogative, when his Majestie had declared it wounded, and had commanded his assistance, and desired further to know, in what high poynt, those poore protestant soules al­ready murthered, had offended his Majesties prerogative. Hee replied, that when he came next with the heads of their Re­monstrance unto mee, hee would satisfie mee in every scruple. Upon his departure, this examinate called him aside, advising him (in respect the said Rory Maguire had married his sister, and by her got 900 pounds per annum inheritance, that hee would desist from further prosecuting so barbarous, and treaso­nable a designe, and that it were feizable to procure his pardon, if he would bestow his endeavours in appeasing this Rebellion; but howsoever hee assuming at the present the power to send Proclamations into the Countrey) except he would represse the fury of the fire, and sword, and such other acts of hosti­lity, by publique notice given to the Countrey, that I durst not addresse my self unto his Majestie, since the subject, I feared, would receive but a cold welcome at the best, but es­pecially when it should be dyed in so much innocent bloud: which he accordingly did, and this examinate gave notice to the Protestants about him, to dispose of themselves towards Derrey and that hee would adventure himself the last man, and so by the blessing of God many were saved, and this exa­minate, his wife, two sisters, and his children escaped in the night, saving nothing but their lives: such as remayned being deluded by the Rebells promises, and wedded to their owne habitations were massacred. This examinate further saith, that amongst other dehortatorie reasons used to Rory Maguire hee alleadged, that admit the Papists could for the present roote the Protestants out, yet they, nor their posterity, could never enjoy a peaceable setlement, whilst England, or Scot­land survived. To this hee replyed, that the Catholique Princes would assist them viz. France, & Spaine. I answered if it were so, they would be well paid for their paynes, and that it were [Page 35] better to rest with their peaceable government in their hand, then to dreame after a fained, and uncertaine priviledge in the bush; and that I could assure him, those Princes were in a condition of borrowing supplies, not lending any. This ex­aminate remembers well his Reply, viz. Come, come brother, deceive not your self, in being too wise, all Ireland is at this in­stant in our hands, I will shew you all the places of strength to what persons their suprisall was assigned, this great un­dertaking was never the Act of one or two giddy fellowes, wee have our party in England, wee have our party in Scotland, that shall keepe them busie for sending you any ayd, I assure you tis well if they can save themselves, and before you can get thither, you will finde them, (if they be not already) as deepe in bloud as our selves. He further added, if you will resolve to goe, I will come within three or foure dayes, and then you shall know all; if you will not, I will convoy you, and yours safe to the next port, and see you imbarqued, Provided you sweare, never to come over to fight against us. But I fearing this was to sound me, and that so many lives depended upon my demeasner; I replyed, bring your heads, the sooner the better; but unwilling to trust to any further curtesies escaped before his returne; He told me this plot had beene of ancient date, and many times discontinued, but it had beene lively re­vived, and prosecuted from Candlemas last past, before the Rebel­lion, both in England, and Scotland. All which I have heard from many more of very considerable quality.

Audley Mervin.

William Stewart Esquire, exami­ned Iuly 8. 1643. by a select Committee of the House of Commons, saith,

THat he being a Prisoner six Moneths among the Rebels in Vlster, from the middest of November 1641. he heard Tyrlagh ô Neale, and Roger ô More, and the principall men in Vlster say, that Religion, the lands escheated, and the Kings Preroga­tive, were the prime causes of their rising in Armes; that they knew well the best of Eng­land would side with them; that they had good warrant in black and white for what they did: that when he objected, the power of England and Scotland would bee brought a­gainst them, they replyed that there was little feare of that; For the troubles of England were but then in beginning, and would not end in hast; That he should see the King ere long in Ireland.

VVilliam Stewart.

Henry Stewart Gentleman Exa­mined 8 Iuly 1643. before a select Committee of the House of Commons saith,

THat at Michaelmas 1642. at the surrender up of the Castle of Dungannon to the Rebells, Sir Philemon ô Neale was desirous to know of this Examinate what forces General Lesley had with him, and what authority hee had, whether from King or Parliament, or both, he told Sir Philemon from both, which he would not beleeve, but said, That ere long the troubles of England would call Lesley away to assist them, and that he did not beleeve he had the Kings Commission, but hee hoped ere long to kisse the Kings hand, before those that were his greatest enemies.

Henry Stewart.

10 November 1641. A Copie of a Letter directed to the Lord Viceco. Costiloe, from the Rebells of the Countie of Longford in Ireland, which he presented to the State in their behalfe.

Our very good Lord,

OUr alliance unto your Lordships Ancestors and your selfe, and the tryall of your and their performance of trust unto their friends in their greatest adversitie encou­rageth us, and engageth your honour to our fruition of your future favours; the fixion of our confidence in you before any other of the Peeres, and Privie Counsellers of the Kingdome doubleth this obligation. Your Lordship may be therefore pleased to acquaint the Lords, Justices, and Councell, (to bee imparted unto his Sacred Majestie) with our grievances, and the causes thereof, the redresse which we most humbly pray, and the manner of it; First, the Papists in neighbouring Countries are severely punished, and their miserie might serve for Beacons unto us, to looke unto our owne, when our neighbours houses are afire, and wee and other Papists are, and ever will be as loyall subjects, as any in the King his Do­minions: for manifestation whereof, we send herein enclosed an oath solemnly taken by us, which as it received indeleble impression in our hearts shall be signed with our hands, and [Page 39] sealed with our blood. Secondly, there is an incapacitie in the Papists of honour, Offices, and the immunities of true subjects, the royall markes of distributive Justice, and a disfavour in the commutative, which raised strangers and forrainers, whose valour and vertue was invisible, when the old families of the English, and the major part of us, the meere Irish, did swim in blood to serve the Crowne of England, and when Offices should call for men of worth, men without worth, or merit obtained them. Thirdly, the Statute of 2 Eliz. of force in this Kingdome against us and others of our Religion, doth not a little disanimate us and the rest. Fourthly, the avoyd­ance of grants of our Lands and liberties by quirkes and quiddities of law, without reflecting upon the King his Roy­all and reall intention for confirming our estates, his broad Seale being the pawne betweene his Majestie and his people. Fifthly, the restraint of purchase in the meere Irish of lands in the escheated Counties, and the taint and blemish of them and their posterities, doth more discontent them then that Planta­tion rule, for they are brought to that exigent of povertie in these late times, that they must be sellers, and not buyers of lands. And we conceive, and humbly offer to your Lordships consideration (Principiis obsta) that in the beginning of this Commotion, your Lordship as it is hereditarie for you, will be a Physitian to cure this disease in us, and by our exam­ples it will doubtlesse beget the like auspicious successe in all other parts of the Kingdome, for we are of opinion it is one sicknesse, and one Pharmack will suffice; sublata causa tollitur effectus. And it will be recorded, that you will doe service unto God, King and Countrie, and for salving every the fore­mentioned soares, your Lordship to bee an humble suiter in our behalfe, and of the rest of the Papists, that out of the abun­dance of his Majesties Clemencie, there may be an Act of obli­vion, and generall pardon without restitution, or accompt of goods taken in the time of this Commotion, a libertie of our Religion, a repeale of all Statutes formerly made to the contrary, and not by Proclamation, but Parliamentary way; A Charter of free De­nizen [Page 40] in ample manner for the meere Irish, which in all succeeding ages will prove an union in all his Majesties Domini­ons in stead of division, a comfort for desolations, and a hap­pinesse in perpetuitie for an imminent calamitie; and this being granted, there will be all things, quae sunt Caesaris Caesari, and quae sunt Dei Deo. And as it was by the Poet written, though he be prophane in other matters, yet in this Propheticall, Divisum Imperium cum love Caesar habet. All which for this present we leave to your Honourable care; And we will, as ever we did, and doe, remaine

Decimo Novembr. 1641.
Your very humble and assured ever to be commanded,
  • Hugh mas Gillernow Farrall.
  • Iames Farrall.
  • Bryan Farrall.
  • Readagh Farrall.
  • Edmund mac Cahell Farrall.
  • John Farrall in Carbuy.
  • Garret Farrall.
  • Lisagh mac Conell Farrall.
  • Brian mac William Farrall.
  • Iohn mac Edmond Farral.
  • Iohn Farral.
  • Roger mac Bryne Farrall.
  • Barnaby Farrall
  • Iames mac Teig Farr. his marke
  • Morgan mac Carbry Farral.
  • Donagh mac Carbry Farrall.
  • Richard mac Conel Farrall.
  • VVilliam mac Iames Farrall.
  • Iames Farrall.
  • Taghna mac Rory Farrall.
  • Cormack mac Rory Farrall.
  • Conock mac Bryne Farrall.
  • Readagh mac Lisagh Farrall.
  • Connor Oge mac Conor Farrall.
  • Edmond mac Connor Farrall.
  • Cahell mac Bryne Farrall.

To the Honourable William Lenthall Esquire, Speaker of the House of Commons pre­sent these.

VVorthy Sir,

THese Lines are sent to give you this further accompt of our proceedings since my last from Stafford upon Thursday May 30. that God who delivered the Town of Namptwich from three attempts of our Enemies of Whit­church, did notwithstanding upon the first attempt made a­gainst Whitchurch, deliverd the same into our hands, and foure peeces of Ordnance, some Powder, Armes, Horses, and much Treasure which was taken, but concealed by some of the common Souldiers and others; All their Carriages, cloaths, provisions, and some horses taken; Two of their Captaines and other persons of worth slaine, and one Captaine, and some other persons of qualitie taken Prisoners; The Lord was pleased much to appeare in this dayes successe; and to assist our men with invincible and indefatigable courage, so farre as to enable them to make their entrance upon the mouth of their Cannon; There were twentie of theirs slaine out right, and not above two or three of ours, Colonell VVinne, Colonell Crow, Serjeant Major Generall VVoodhouse, and the most of their prime Commanders escaped; Their Cannonier was kill­led by a shot made by our Cannoniere: we were not posses­sed [Page 42] of one Peece of Cannon at our entrance into this Countie, yet now God hath pleased plentifully to furnish us with six peeces at Namptwich, and two at Stafford, so as wee now want Cannoniors to order and manage the same. ☞ VVith­in a few dayes after this victory there landed in two Barkes many Irish Rebels in Worrall in Cheshire, some whereof acknow­ledged in the Presence of divers sufficient men, who affirmed the same unto me, that they had washed their hands in the blood of divers English and Scots in Ireland, and now hoped to wash their hands in the blood of English men in England; Which Rebels being brought into Chester, were accused by severall of those per­ons who came to Chester for refuge, to be the persons who cut their husbands throats; others that they ripped up their childrens bowels. The Countrey wherein they first arrived, did apprehend so much distaste, that they did all rise with their best weapons, and apprehended divers of the Irish Rebles; but being unarmed, not having above seven or 8 Musqueteers, they could not make good their Prisoners, who were rescued out of their hands by a troope of horse, which came from the Commissioners of Array, who also seized about 28 of our honest Countrey-men prisoners. These Irish acknowledge they came from Strongforth, and that there are 1200. some speake of 10000 more to follow after.

Your most humble servant, Will. Brereton.
[Page 43]

We have placed a Garrison in this Towne, which (I hope) may be of great Advantage, being the onely Haven Town in these parts of the Kingdome.


SInce I writ the lines above, two of our Long Boats which were manned and sent out are returned, and have brought in the Boats which carried the Rebels, and have taken three or foure of the Rebells, who confesse they came from Strang­ford, and that they were sent by one Master Savage: they have also seized some Barques laden with Wine, part where­of belonges to those who are well affected to you, and have suffered in your cause; But the greatest part to those who are engaged against you, which is reserved here to be disposed of as you shall please to order and direct.

A letter of Mart

(Warwicke, Lord Mohun, Baron of Okehampton, Sir) Ralph Hopton, knight of the Bath; Sir Iohn Barkeley, knight; and William Ashbourneham Esquire, or any two of them Commissioners authorized under the great seal of England, in the absence of William Mar­ques, of Hertford; to command all his Majesties forces in the West.
To George Chappell of Topesham Merchant.

VVEE doe hereby nominate, authorice, and ap­poynt, you George Chappell to bee Captaine and chiefe commander of a ship called the Hope of Topesham, requiring you with all di­ligence, and expedition, to endeavour the furnishing and compleating of her with men, victuall, and ammunition, as also with tackell, and furniture, fit for a voyage to sea, com­manding all inferiour officers, souldiers, mariners, and sea­men, under your command in the said ship, and vessell to o­bey you as their Captaine, according to this Commission, au­thorizing you to set to sea at any time, and as often as you in your discretion shall thinke fit, for the space of six moneths next ensuing. And during the said time to apprehend seise, and take for his Majesties service all such Shipps, barques, and vessells, as doe belong to the Citties, towns, and ports of London, Exeter, Hull, Portmouth, Dartmouth, Barnestable, Bideford, [Page 45] and Plimmouth, or to any of them, or to any other Cities, Townes, or Ports of this Kingdome of England now in Re­bellion against his Majestie, or to the inhabitants of the same or any of them: And the same to carry or bring into any of his Majesties Ports, or harbours, within the Countie of Corn­wall. That the said shipp, or goods so taken by you, together with the Merchants, Officers, masters and Seamen may be proceeded against according to the lawes of this Land; giving you also full power and authority in case of resistance to kill, and slay all such as shall resist you in the execution of this your commission. And you are likewise to observe, and fol­low such orders, and directions, as from time to time you shall receive from us.

  • Warwick Mohum,
  • Ralph Hopton,
  • Iohn Berkeley.

By the Supream Councell of the confederate Catholiques of Ireland.

TO all men, to whom this present shall come we the su­preame Councell, of the confederate Catholiques of this Realme send greeting; Know yee that wee having taken into our serious consideration the great and necessarie use, wee have of ships of warre, for the defence of the coasts of this Realme, and advancement, and furtherance of commerce with forraign Nations, and for opposing of his Majesties Enemies, who daily hinder and annoy his Majesties good Subjects of this Kingdome by Sea, and stop all the Free trade in this Realme and abroad. Have therefore constituted, and appointed, and doe hereby ordaine constitute, and appoint Our wellbeloved Friend Captaine Francis Oliver, native of Flanders having received good testimony of his sufficiency, and integritiy to be Captain of the ship called Saint Michaell the Archangell of burden an hundred and twentie Lasts or Tuns, or thereabouts Hereby giving and granting, unto the said, Captaine full and absolute power, Commission and, authority to furnish the said ship, with all necessaries fit for sea, and warre, and with the same to crosse the seas, and take hinder and prejudice all such as he shall find or meet of his Majestics enemies, the ene­mies of the generall Catholique cause now in hand in this Kingdome, their ships and goods whatsoever, either by sea or Land, by what means soever, and the said shipping or Goods to set to sale, and dispose of as lawfull prizes, and open ene­mies goods, saving unto his Majcstie and his lawfull officers, and to all other person or persons bodies politique and cor­porate, all rights, requisites, and duties due or usually an­swered out of all prizes. And we hereby command all officers of all Ports, and Harbours, and Havens, within our Iurisdicti­on, throughout this Realme to admit the said Captaine Francis Oliver, and his Companies, ships and goods from time to time to passe, and repasse, come and goe without molestation or [Page 47] trouble; and that all Commanders of forts, and all other of­ficers of his Majesties loving subjects to be aiding and as­sisting unto him in execution, and furtherance of the pre­mises whatsoever and as often as occasion shall require.

And lastly we pray all forraigne Princes States, and Po­tentates to defend, protect, assist, and favour the said Captain his ships and goods, when and as often as he shall come into their respective coasts and harbours.

Was signed,
  • Mountgarret, Hugo Ardmachanus,
  • Gormanston. Ioannes Episcop: Clonfertensis,
  • N. Plunket, Patr. Darcy,
  • Iames Cusack Geffr. Browne.
Sealed At a Labell in parchment with a seale of yellow wax bea­ring the marke of a long crosse, on the right side whereof a Crown; and a harpe on the left, with a dove above, and a flaming heart below the crosse, and round about this in­scription. Pro Deo, pro Rege & patria Hibernia unanimis.
And Endorsed thus, Memorandum this Patent is inrolled in the Admiraltie Court of Ireland, and that the whithin Captaine hath sworne and given security of his fidelitie according to the usuall forme,
Witnes my hand the 5 March 1642.
Iames Cusack Judge Admiralty.

The Examination of Iohn Davice Esquire, taken before a select Commit­tee of the House of Commons 13. Iuly 1643.

SAith, that two Ships, the one called the Michael of London, Mr. Sydrach Pope being sent therein for France with 648 Hydes to re­lade corne for the reliefe of the Protestant Ar­mie in Vlster, was by foule weather in Decem­ber last forced into Falmouth, and there seised on by Sir Nich. Slaney, and manned with some Musquettiers of his sent unto Saint Mallo in France, where the Hides were sold, and the proceed returned unto him in the said Ship in powder, match, Ammunition &c. And further saith, that about the 20 of April last one VVil­liam King of Dover his Ship being laden with 90 tunnes of Wine and salt from France, and bound for Carrickfergus in Ireland upon the examinaets accompt, was upon the Coast of France, taken by one Rich. Iones, Captaine of a ship set out from Falmouth with his Majesties Warrant, and the ship and goods were sold by him at Brest in France.


Great-Yarmouth. The Examination of Christopher Hassall of Wash­ford in Ireland Sayler, taken this 12 of July, 1643. as followeth.

WHo saith, that he was prest by the Major of Washford, Mr. Nicholas Hayes, about ten daies since, into a Dun­kirke Frigot called the Patricke, to serve the King of England at Sea, in taking and pillaging such Ships and Vessels as were not for the King; of which Frigot one George Prun­cas a Dunkirker was chiefe Commander and Captaine, and Walter Hayes an Irish-man was Captaine under him, and had about an hundred men in the Ship, and eleven pieces of Ordinance, and came out to the Sea the fourth of this instant June, and tooke and pillaged since they came out: First, an Apsome Barke, which after she was pillaged they sunke in the Sea, having taken out of her eleven packs of Cloth; and after that tooke a Fisherboat of Yar­mouth upon Saturday last, and tooke out of her an hundred North­sea Cod-fish, and fourteene peeces of eight, and a double Pistoll, and pillaged the Vessell of all they could get, and of the mens Cloathes; and then put in the Apsome men taken out of the sunke ship, and so let them goe. And after that tooke a Scottish Barke, and a Dover barke, and a Pram or Hute, and a Catch; and tooke seven men out of the Pram, and two men out of the Scot, besides the Master, and three men out of the Catch, and carried them away in the Frigot, and put other men of their owne a­board; And afterward two of these Vessels so taken being rescued by Captaine Wilde, Commander of the ship, the Cygnet, in ser­vice for King and Parliament, were brought into Yarmouth rode this day, with this examinate being in one of them.

The marke of Christopher Hassall is subscribed.
Capt. per Giles Call Iohn Symond Bayliffs.

Great-Yarmouth. The Examination of Marke Roch of Washford in Ireland Mariner, taken this twelfth day of June, 1643.

THis examinate saith, that he is one of the Quarter-masters of the Dunkirke Frigot, and was shipped by the Major of Washford to serve in the said Frigot under two Cap­taines, whereof the one was a Dunkirker called Capraine George Pruncas, the other an Irishman called Captaine Walter Hayes, who had Commission to examine all they should meet withall, whether they were for the King or Parliament; and if they were for the King to let them goe, and if for the Parlirment to take and pillage them; and did take first an Apsome man upon friday at night last, and pillaged the Ship, and tooke out of her divers packs of Cloth, being as he supposeth six or seven packs, and tooke the men also aboard and sunke the Ship: and next day after tooke a Yarmouth Fisher-boat at Ortford Nesse: and tooke out of her certaine Fish, and pillaged Cloathes, and put the Apsome men aboard her, and so let them goe. And after that they tooke an English Hoy or Catch yesterday morning, and what they did with her, he, this examinate knoweth not (it not be­ing in his quarter;) and then tooke a Scottish Barke, and pillaged the men, and commited the Vessell to Hugh Kelley another Quar­ter-master. And then tooke a Dover Ship laden with Coales, and pillaged her, which was after taken by Captaine Wilde, and is now comming into Yarmouth-rode. And also he saith that they took yesterday a Forrain laden with deales, and tooke out the Master and seven of the Company, and the rest got away with their vessels and are gon to London. And yesterday in the after noone this exa­minate being in the Dover-barke, which was committed to his charge, Captaine Wilde Commander of the Ship, the Cygnet, in service for the King and Parliament, fell upon the said Frigoe, and shot at her, and was in fight with her about two houres, but could [Page 51] not take her, because she fled away, and was more swift in sayle then he, but tooke this examinate with the Dover-barke, and sent them into this roade of Yarmouth. And also he saith, that there are halfe a dozen more Ships at Washford, fitted and made ready to come forth upon the like service that the said Frigot came out for.

Marke Roch his name is subscribed.
Capt. per
  • Giles Call Bayliffs.
  • Iohn Symond Bayliffs.
  • Iohn Carter.
  • Robert Gower.

For his Noble friend Sir Hugh Cholmley, Knight, Governour of Scharborough, these:

Noble Sir,

THese are shewing your honour, that my Lord of Aboyne was gone from Yorke before my here comming, therefore I will intreat your honour to have such a care of the Am­munition appertaining to my Lord of Aboyne, as your ho­nour shall have of my Lord of Antrim his Ammunition, till such time as I either come my selfe, or write to your honour; For Mr. Jermyn hath desired me to write these lines to your Honour, for I am commanded to goe for Scotland for that effect, to which time, I shall continue,

Your Honours humble servant, Serjeant-major Rosse.

For my Noble Lord the Earle of Antrim, at Yorke.

My Noble Lord,

MAtters are fallen out quite contrary to my expectation, so as I should not advise you to make such hast of your journey as we resolved. I have sent this bearer of pur­pose, who is the man I did send to Montrosse, who will particularly shew you how matters goe, and how great folly it were to looke for any assistance from Scotland. Good Sir Richard Grahame, and a number of roundheads in these parts, upon your servants remaining here, and your Lordships other servants com­ming post, have spread a report that you and I, were upon a plot, to bring Forces from Ireland, to take in this Countrey; in so much as I have been forced to affirme the contrary with oathes, as I might justly doe. Thus much is given out by him, one Dalston, and others as in acquittall to your Lady, for raising him out of the dunghill, which my Lord her husband did. He will be at Yorke within two or three daies, he will shift it off upon the Puri­tans of this Countrey, whereof he is the head: but upon my word your Lordship is little beholding to him. To my knowledge your Lordships servant will more particularly shew what passed; Nor shall any be more ready to doe you service, then

Your Lordships humble servant, Nithisdaill.

I did say that your Lordships Lady having some Hangings and other Furniture in Knock fergus was desirous to have them brought away, but I had now advised you rather to let them alone for the present.

For my Noble Lord, the Earle of Antrim, at York.

My Noble Lord,

I Have daily expected these dayes past to have writ, which you desired, from the party you know, I doe look for it each hour. Hamilton, I doe fear, hath done bad offices to the King since his return. My Lord I am very confident Montros will not flinch from what he professed at York. I thinke much, I have heard no­thing from my Lord Aboyne, but before I shall see you, I looke with confidence to give you a better account how matters are re­solved in Scotland, and shall never leave off to give full testimony that I am

Your Lordships faithfull servant, Nithisdail.

My Lord, blame not your servant who hath been so long here. I would not suffer him to part till I had some greater assu­rance (from the Earle of Montros, and thereof who are for the K.) then as yet, and till my servants return I can give

For the Right Honourable, my Noble Lord, the Earle of Antrim at Yorke.

My noble Lord,

IT should have been a blemish upon me, if I had not truly gi­ven you notice how matters go. I am not altogether desperate of Montros; but say he were changed, I am in good hope you shall not lack well-affected Subjects in Scotland to prosecute that point we resolved on. One thing I think strange, that the Am­munition granted to your Lordship and Aboyne should be stop­ped. My Lord, without that, neither can the Marquesse of Hunt­ley doe service, nor can your friends in the Isles and Hilands be usefull for you. So doe your best to have it quickly sent away, and be confident you shall have assistance, though it must take a longer time, of the which I shall give your Lordship notice. So let no [Page 54] alteration be thought upon, though a little it must be deferred. And be confident of the respects of

Your Lordships faithfull servant, Nithisdail.

I entreat these may present my bounden service to my Lady Dutchesse, your Lady. Till I get advertisement from your Lordship, I shall have a Boat ready at your service.

For my Noble Lord, the Earle of Antrim at Yorke.

My Lord;

THis Gentleman can so well informe you of the parti­culars you expected from Scotland, as I must onely as­sure your Lordship, I dare not conclude with him; therefore if it please you to expect a second adver­tisement, it shall certainly bee sent to you by the first occasion. For I should be sorry, that what may so concerne your service should be subject to any scruple. And I assure your Lordship their future shall ratifie this opinion of

Your Lordships most humble servant Aboyne.

For the Right Honourable, the Earle of Antrim, these.

My Lord,

BEing certainly informed by Nithisdails servant, That there is a new Order since we parted for stopping of the Ammuniti­on, I have taken occasion to intreat your Lordship by this bearer, that I may know the particulars of it. I must confesse it surpriseth me, that any distance should alter so reasonable a con­clusion. And certainly, I shall never deserve to be made the instru­ment of frustrating the hopes of these parts, which should have bin [Page 55] enabled by this supply. I am confident, there is scarce another mean to make our fidelitie uselesse for her Majesties service. And if it please your Lordship to acquaint the Queene with these ef­fects of my ingenuitie, you will thereby multiply your favours you have already conferred upon

My Lord,
Your Lordships most affectionate and obliged servant, Aboyne.

To the Right Honourable, the Earle of Antrim, these.

WIlliam Earle of Neweastle, Governour of the Towne and County of Newcastle, and Generall of all His Majesties Forces raised in the Northerne parts of this Kingdome for defence of the same.

To all Colonels, Lieutenant-Colonels, Serjeant-Majors, Cap­tains, and all other his Majesties loving Subjects of Eng­land and Ireland.

For as much as the Right Honourable, the Earle of Antrim is to travell to Dublyn in Ireland, and other parts of that Kingdom, these are therefore to desire and require you, and every of you to whom this shall come to be seen, to permit and suffer him and his servants quietly and peaceably to passe and repasse into these parts, and backe againe without any molestation or interruption. And further, I doe hereby require all Post-masters, Constables, and other Officers, to furnish the said Earle and his servants with so many Post-horses as they shall have neede of from place to place, and Stage to Stage for all the said journey, he and they pay­ing the usuall rates for the same. And hereof you or any of you may not faile at your perill: Given under my hand and seal the fourth day of May. 1643.

signed Will. Neweastle,

June 9. 1643. A Declaration of the Lords of His MAIESTIES Privie-Councell in SCOTLAND.

THe Lords of his Majesties most honourable Privy-Councel, and the Commissioners for conserving of the Peace, according to the great trust reposed on them by his Majestie and the Estates of Par­liament, whereof they are to make account to God and his Majestie the next ensuing Parlia­ment, taking to their deepest and most serious consideration the the best wayes of preserving the peace of this Kingdom, That all his Majesties good and dutifull Subjects may enjoy their Religi­on, Liberties, and Laws, which God in a singular and wonderfull providence, in the time of his Majesties raign hath vouchsafed them, and of the peace betwixt the two Kingdomes so unani­mously and happily established in the late Treaty of peace, and in the Parliaments of both Kingdoms, Have faithfully endeavoured by all good means to reduce Ireland to his Majesties obedience, which through the unnaturall, barbarous, and Antichristian cru­elty of Papists, is from a peaceable Kingdome turned into a stage of unexampled and unexpressible miseries, to be looked upon as an horrid and dangerous example by this Kingdom, and by their nea­rest supplications to his Majestie, and their Declarations to the Parliament of England, but especially by their earnest desires for establishing Unity of Religion, and Uniformity of Kirk-govern­ment, and for disbanding all Papists in Arms within their Do­minions, and by the humble offer of their meditation to remove the unhappy differences, and quench the fire of a wasting Warre, begun betwixt his Majestie and his Subjects of England, wherein his Majesties sacred Person is exposed to so great danger, and so [Page 57] many thousands of his Subjects have already perished: But find­ing to their great griefe the successe no way answerable to their endeavours and expectation, and the trouble of the neighbouring Kingdoms, and the dangers of this Kingdome daily arising to a greater height, then they by their care, counsell, and diligence, were able to remeid or obviate, they did resolve for this and other causes, which exercise and heavily presse the Kingdome at this time, to call a covention of the Estates, as the onely meane (his Majestie not thinking fit to hearken unto their motion of calling a Parliament) which might by common Counsell, consent and resolution, take the best course for representing yet more sensibly these manifold evils and dangers and for overcomming by greater wisdom the difficulties which were above their power.

In the meane while (which they cannot but attribute to the mercifull and marvellous providence of God, and which is a con­firmation to them of their resolution in calling a convention, and layeth the greater necessity upon the Estates, to meet the more willingly and frequently) A treacherous and damnable Plot of the Irish, English, and Scottish Papists, is begun to be discovered by the unexpected apprehending of the Earl of Antrim comming from Yorke, where he had kept his meetings and correspondence by Letters, with certaine Popish Lords his Confederates, and amongst others, with the Earle of Nithisdail and Viscount of A­loyne, their devillish designes and devices are come to light, and brought to our knowledge, partly by Letters from Ireland, shew­ing the deposition and confession of a servant of the Earle of Antrims, and partly by Letters which were found in the Earle his own pockets, all sent to them from Ireland: His servant, who was hanged at Carrick-Fergus, the day of May, deponed (as the Letters bear) before and at the time of his death, That the de­signe was to reconcile the English and Irish in Ireland, that they by their joynt power, having expelled the Scots, the Irish For­ces there might be sent against the Parliament of England, to deal with some fit instrument there, by all their strength to surprize the Isles and the High-Lands, and to depopulate and waste so much of this Kingdom as their power could extend unto, being assured of the like dealing in the North, by the Papists and their [Page 58] assistance there. And to have a Magazine at Carlile for twenty thousand men, to fall in with an hostility upon the south parts of this Kingdom. The Letters sent from Nithisdail and Aboyne, all written and subscribed by their hands to the Earle of Antrim, and found with him, although in some things covertly written, do carry thus much expresly, that for furtherance of the designe and point resolv'd on, there was assistance assured from the Isles, and from the North and South of Scotland, that Ammunition and Armes, without which they think their service uselesse, were ap­pointed to be sent to the North, and other parts of this Kingdom, and that Popish Officers were commanded, and had undertaken to goe into Scotland; of which we are informed, some are already gone to the North, for stopping and disappointing so far as may be for the present (till the same divine providence make a more full discovery) the attempts and devices of this unnaturall and bloody confederacy and conjuration. As the Lords of his Maje­sties Privy Councell have given order that Nithisdail and Aboyne be cited, and criminally pursued of high Treason, and have made the same as a matter of publike and most high importance known to his Majestie, and to the Parliament of England: so they and the Commissioners of Peace also, for acquitting themselves in their trust, and for the safety of the Kingdome, doe make the same pub­likely known to all his Majesties good Subjects, that being fore­warned of their danger, they may be upon their guards, and prepared against forraign invasion, and intestine plots and insur­rection: And especially, that the Noble men, Commissioners of Shires, and Borroughs, perceiving greater and more apparent ne­cessity of the approaching convention then they could have wished or expected, may at the day formerly appointed, meet in such celerity, and with such publike affection and disposition of heart, as the present condition of affairs doth require, and call for at their hands, and as beseemeth the lovers of their Religion, King, and Countrey, which are in so great danger, from Papists, Atheists, and other degenerated Countrey-men, who are no lesse inraged against this Kingdom, even since the late Reformation of this Kirk, then were their Predecessours at the first reformation of Religion, when their negotiating was so restlesse, and their at­tempts [Page 59] so many, and malicious against the work of God in this Land: nor is it to be past without observation, that while His Ma­jesty is making a publike Declaration of His intentions to defend and maintaine the Religion, Rights, and Liberties of this King­dome, according to the Lawes Civill and Ecclesiastick, the Pa­pists are conspiring, plotting, and practising against the Religion, Rights, and Liberties established, and against the lives of his Ma­jesties good Subjects; whereby they doe really manifest to the world what the Kings Majestie against his Declarations, and his Subjects against their confidence grounded thereupon, may look for from their malice and power, if they shall continue in Armes, and, (which God forbid) if they shall prevaile in the end. And whereas the Lords of Councell are informed, That the late Act of Councell for publishing his Majesties Declaration is mistaken by sundry, as a Declaration of their owne judgement, concerning the proceedings of another Kingdom; For preventing of this mis­take, they think fit to remember and declare, according to the act of Councell in January last, shewing that their Lordships giving Warrant to print any Paper comming from his Majestie, or Par­liament of England, did not import their approbation of the con­tents thereof: That they did on the first of June, both remember the samine, and expresse their intention in this publication to be far from taking on them to judge of the proceedings of the Par­liament of another Kingdom; but onely to thank his Majestie for his gracious expressions towards the preservation of the Rights and Liberties of this Kingdom: And ordain this to be printed and published at the Market-Crosse of Edinburgh, and all other Burghs within this Kingdom, for the information of his Maje­sties Subjects within the same.

At Edinburgh the ninth day of June 1643.

THe Lords of his Majesties Privy-Councell and Commissioners for conserving the Articles of the Treaty, ordain this following Declaration to be printed and published at the Market-Crosse of Edinburgh, and other Burghs of this Kingdom, for the information of all his Majesties good Subjects within the same.

Arch. Primrose, Cler. S. Cons. & Commis.

To the Right Honourable, my very Noble friends, these, On the Irish Committee of the Parliament of England, present these with due respect.

Right Honourable,

EXpect nothing from your honours reall and faithfull servant in this adverse time, but what brings comfort; In my last expedition against the Rebels, occasioned by sudden intelligence, I went forth with two thou­sand foot, and three hundred horse, being provided for ten daies, at no greater allowance then seven ounces of meale a day for a souldier, our scarcity being so great, that for want of victuals and shooes we were unable to doe the ser­vice we wish, or your honours expect from us; Neverthelesse our fortune was such that with this small party, without Cannon, for want of carriage horses, we beat Owen Mc art Oneale, Sir Philome Oneale, and Owen Mc art the Generall his sonne, being all joyned together with their Forces, and forced them to returne upon Char­lemount; after quitting the Generals house to be spoyled and burus by us, with the whole houses in Lochgall, being the best Plantation in Ʋlster, and straitest for defence of the Rebels; At the same time Colonell Hoome with a party of five hundred men was busied in beleaguering the Castle of Newcastle: the receipt of all the Intelli­gence comes from England to the Rebels in Ʋlster, where it was my good fortune in time of treaty there, to trist a Barke come from the Isle of Man, with that treacherous Papist the Earle of Antrim, whose brother Alexander was sent before by the Queenes Majesty from Yorke, to make way for the Earle, in negotiating betwixt her Majesties Army in the North of England, and the Papists on the borders of Scotland, in the Isles of Scotland, and the North parts thereof, and with the Rebels in Ireland, Their plot being set downe [Page 61] by the Queenes Majesties consent, for the ruine of Religion, and over­threw of His Majesties loyall Subjects in all the three Dominions, as evidently doth appeare by the Letters, Characters, Passes, and Papers found with the Earle, directed by me to the Councell of Scotland, and the Generall. It becommeth me as the servant of the publique, intrusted with your Commission under the great Seale of England, to enforme truly your honours of the great prejudice the cause in hand suffers by your honours neglect of this Army, being unable to doe service as might be expected from them, if they received the halfe of the allowance your Souldiers receive at Dublyn, and had allowance for some horses for carriage; in my opinion, in six weekes time we could settle Garrisons in Ʋlster, and thereafter oversway your enemies elsewhere in any part within his Majesties Dominions, where your enemies prevailed most. Therefore my weake opinion is, this Army not be neglected, wherein consists so much of your peace and safety, having no friends you can repose into more then in us, who are desirous to see Religion flourish, Re­bels subjected to obedience, and his Majesties Throne established in despight of Papists, and of wicked Councell, mis-leading his Majesty, to the ruine of his Dominions, who would be the happi­est Prince in the World, if the Lord would moue his heart to hear­ken to the Counsell of those, sheds their blood for his honour. The Earle of Antrim shall God willing be kept close in the Castle of Carrickfergus, till I be acquainted from your honours concer­ning him, what course shall be taken with him: and the Traytor conveyed him last away, is to be executed, since we can extort no discovery from him then is contained in the Papers sent to Scot­land, so recommending your honours, and your weighty affaires to the direction and protection of the Almighty, desirous to heare from you, I remaine,

Yourr most humble, truly affectionate, and reall servant, ROBERT MONRO, Generall Major.

The Examination of John Dod Clerke, taken by a select Committee of the House of Commons, July 8. 1643.

SAith, that after he had suffered many miseries i [...] this re­bellion of Ireland, he repayred into this Kingdome, and some occasions carrying him to Oxford, he stayed there seven weekes, and came out of Oxford, June 13. 1643. That du­ring his stay there, he saw a great number of Irish rebels whom he very well knew to have had an hand in the most barbarous actions of that rebellion, as the dashing of small infants in pieces, the ripping up of women with child, and the like: among whom was one Thomas Brady, who at Turbet in the County of Cavan in the Province of Ʋlster in Ireland, within seven miles where this said examinat lived, as 36 old men, women, and children, not able to flie, were passing over a bridge, caused them all to be thrown into the water, where they were all drowned. That this Brady is now at Oxford, in great favour, and Serjeant-major to Colo­nell Percy his Regiment: That he saw there three Franciscan Fryers, namely, Bryan ô Gormuti, Anthony mac Geoghagan, and Thomas Nuegent; and three Jesuits, namely, Laurence Sutton, Philip Roche, and Edmund ô Rely, who were all very earnest for the cause and daily encouraging the souldiers to fight against the Round­heads; and for that purpose have lysted themselves in the Lord Dillons Troupe (as was affirmed by divers;) they goe very brave and are called Cornets. That there are daily and publique meetings at Masse, in almost every street there; and verily beleeves in his con­science, that for one Sermon preached there are foure Masses said now at Oxford. That he saw Sir Iohn Dungan there (a man accu­sed of high treason in Ireland, for partaking in that rebellion, and [Page 63] fled into England) who had a Commission for a Troop of horse. The Lord Barnewall of Trimlettstowne, and his sonne, who hath a Commission for a Troope of horse, and is now gone into Wales to raise them; a sonne of the Lord Neutervills, who hath gotten a command likewise. That as neere as he can possibly compute, there was then at Oxford about 3000 Irish rebels; and that most of the Kings life-guard are Irish.

John Dod.

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