LONDON, Printed for Lawrence Blaiklock, and are to be sold at Temple Barre in Fleet-street, 1642.

AN ORDINANCE OF PARLIAMENT, Concerning the Subsidy of Tonnage and Poundage.

THe Lords and Commons now assembled in Parliament, taking into consideration the great perills and dangers that may ensue, not only to this Kingdom, but likewise unto that of Ireland, especially in these times of apparent danger, farre exceeding all former times, either of his Majesty, or of his Royall Father King Iames; and taking into further consideration the great debt now due unto the Navie, as well before the beginning of this Parliament as since, amounted to the summe of two hundred thousand pounds or thereabouts: and that two and fifty Ships of Warre are now in the actuall service of this Kingdome, as well for the defence thereof as of Ire­land, and not knowing what other supply of Ships and of store will be further requisite in these times of danger; and well knowing that they cannot bee maintained without great summes of Money, nor the said great Arrears satisfied by any moneys already collected or owing by Merchants for the time past.

[Page 8] And foreseeing the danger and the necessity of the sup­ply, did long before this time prepare a new book of Rates which passed both Houses, now ordered to be published, wherein they had as well an equall respect to the ease of Merchants, as to the raising of such summes of money as might be proportionable to those supplies: and did like­wise prepare and passe a Bill of Tonnage and Poundage, whereby the Book of Rates is confirmed; which Bill they have likewise ordered to be printed and published, which after they were past both Houses, were upon the 29th day of June last past, sent to his Majesty to York for the Royall Assent; which his Majesty not having passed, the Lords and Commons did upon the fourteenth day of this instant July command the Earle of Holland, Sir Iohn Holland, and Sir Philip Stapleton (by whom they did-send the late Peti­tion to his Majesty) in the name of both Houses, to move his Majesty to give a speedy passage to that Bill, whereunto his Majesty hath given no Answer at all. And whereas the former Bill of Tonnage and Poundage did determine the first day of this instant July, since which time no moneys intended to be raised by this last Bill have beene collected. Now the said Lords and Commons having taken the pre­mises into due and serious consideration for preventing the inevitable dangers that must necessarily ensue, without timely prevention in that behalfe, have thought good to make this their Declaration to all his Majesties loving Subjects.

First, whereas by an Act made this present Parliament, entituled, an Act for the reliefe of the Captives taken by the Turkish Mooreish, and other Pyrats, and to prevent the taking of others in time to come, All Merchants aswell Denizens as Aliens, for any goods exported or imported from the tenth day of December one thousand six hundred [Page 9] forty and one, during the terme of three yeares then next ensuing, are to make due entries of such their goods in the Port of London, and all other his Majesties Ports within the Realme of England and Dominion of Wales upon the penalty of the forfeiture of the said goods.

Now the said Lords and Commons doe enjoyne all Merchants as well Denizens as Aliens to make due entry of all such goods and Merchandize, as they shall, during the continuance of the said Act, export or import. And to the intent that the Entries may be accordingly made, they doe expect that the Customers, Comptrollers, Sear­chers, and other the Officers of the said City of London, and other the Ports respectively doe carefully attend their se­verall charges, and make due seizure, as forfeited, of all such goods and Merchandize as shall not be entred according to the intent of the said Statute.

2. That although the said last Bill of Tonnage and Poundage hath not yet had the Royall Assent, and there­fore the Subject by the Law is not compellable to pay the duty therein limited to be paid; yet the premises and pres­sing necessities considered, the Lords and Commons doe declare, that it shall be taken as an acceptable service to the Common-wealth by a manifestation of their good af­fections to the publick of all those, that shall upon entry of their goods advance, and pay by way of Loane unto the Collectors, or Commissioners, which now are, or hereafter shall be named, or to their Deputy or Deputies all such sum or summes of money as are payable by the last Book of Rates, and should have beene due in case the said Bill had past for a Law.

3 That every Merchant so advancing money as above­said, shall have allowance by way of defalcation of fifteen pounds per cent. out of every hundred pou [...]ds hee or they [Page 10] shall so advance and pay, over and above all other allowan­ces made in the said Bill or Book of Rates, or either of them, and so out of every greater and lesser summe, after that rate.

4 Whereas the Bill of Tonnage and Poundage now re­maining with his Majesty, cannot have the force of a Law without the further concurrence of the Lords and Com­mons, in respect the Speaker of the House of Commons by and with the consent of the said Commons is to carry the said Bill up into the Lords House for the Royall as­sent; as also in respect that in his Majesties absence from Parliament, his Majesty hath no power to passe his Royall assent unto a Bill, but by his Letters Patents under the great Seale, and signed with his hand, declared and notified to the Lords and Commons assembled together in the higher House, as by a Statute made in the 23 yeare of the reigne of King Henry the eighth, c. 21. appeareth. Now the Lords and Commons, for the further assurance of Merchants ad­vancing moneys as aforesaid, doe promise and declare, that before they consent to the perfecting of the said Bill of of Tonnage, and Poundage now remaining with his Ma­jesty, or any other Bill of Tonnage and Poundage whatso­ever, provision shall be made that the said allowance of fif­teene per Cent. shall be confirmed unto the said Merchants accordingly. And that they, their heirs executors admini­strators and assignes shall be forever acquitted and discharg­ed of, and from the payment thereof.

5 To the intent that no Merchant doth forbeare to ad­vance the said moneys by way of Loan, according as here­by is desired, in hope that the duties in the said Bill shall not hereafter become payable from the first day of Iuly, 1642 The Lords and Commons doe declare that no Bill of Tonnage and Poundage shall hereafter passe in Parlia­ment, [Page 11] but such as shall relate & be in force to compell all merchants to pay for all goods and merchandize exposed or imposed from the said first day of Iuly, 1642 on which day the former Bill of Tonnage and Poundage expired. In which Bill there shall be that clause of forfeiture of the va­lue of all such goods as shall not be duly entred in the Cus­tome house from, and after that day in such manner as in the said Bill is expressed.

6 That all Merchants who shall not advance mony by way of Loan as aforesaid in regard of the present and pressing dangers, and necessities, The Lords and Commons do de­clare, that at what time soever they shall consent to the passing of any Bill of Tonnage and poundage, All such persons who shall not advance moneyes as aforesaid shall be charged to pay the duties of Tonnage and Poundage, from the said first day ot Iuly one thousand sixe hundred forty two, during the Terme of the said Bill in such man­ner as by the said Bill shall be provided.

7 That to the intent that no officer belonging to any Cus­tomehouse within this Kingdome, or the Dominion of wales, or other persons appointed to be Commissioners for receiving of such monies as shall be abvanced by Merchants as aforesaid, be discouraged by reason of any Penalties men­tioned in any former Act of Tonnage and Poundage past this Parliament, for receiving of any duties upon Merchan­dize not being granted by Parliament, Although the Lords and Commons doe conceive and hereby declare; That the receiving of the said Sums of Money before mentioned is not within the true intention of the said Penalties, the same being advanced voluntarily by way of Loane: as also in respect those Acts, and the true intent of them, were principally to restraine the Crowne from imposing upon the people without their consent. Yet for the further in­couragement [Page 12] of such person or persons who shall receive any such Sums, They doe declare and promise: That wher­as the said Bill of Tonnage and Poundage now remaining with his Majesty or any other doe passe for a Law, there shall be provision made in such Bill for the indempnity and security of all such person and persons in that behalfe.

8. That whereas by a former Order of the Commons House of Parliament: the officers appointed for that pur­pose have Order to take Bonds of all Merchants for the payment of one per Cent. to be raised by vertue of the a­foresaid Bill for the releife of the Captives taken by Turk­ish or other pyrates, or so much thereof as shall be agreed on by the Lords and Commons in Parliament. It is now or­dered, That all such Merchants as shall not advance money by way of Loane as aforesaid, shall at all times hereafter upon entry of their goods, make payment of ready mo­ney for their said goods according to the Tenour of the said bill, and likewise all such other summes of Money as by vertue of the said Bill are due from the said Merchants, upon Bill or otherwise for goods by them formerly entred, since the tenth day of December one thousand sixe hundred, fortie and one, by the true intent of which Act the one per Cent. to be paid and received, is to be taken and received according to such Rates as were due and payable by the Bill of Tonnage and Poundage which did last determine.

9. The Lords and Commons doe ordaine that the same Collectors or Commissioners who have formerly received the severall Duties upon Merchandize, upon the severall Bills of Tonnage and Poundage past this Parliament, shall be, and are deputed to be Commissioners, who are enabled by this Ordinance to receive all such summe or summes of Money, which shall at any time hereafter be voluntarily advanced by way of Loane in such manner as they have [Page 13] formerly received, the former duties of Tonnage and Poun­dage, which said Commissioners, their Deputy or Deputies, or any one of them, shall have full power and authority to give allowance by way of defalcation after the rate of fif­teene per Cent. out of all such moneyes as shall be advanced, according to the true intent of this Ordinance. All which moneys the said Commissioners their Deputy or Depu­ties shall receive upon Accompt, and shall from time to time issue out the same, as they the said Commissioners shall be authorized by Order of the Lords and Commons in Parliament, or of such other person or persons as they shall nominate and appoint, to be imployed for the uses herein before expressed.

10 For the more due Execution of the Premises, and that account be justly kept and the Commissioners duely charged, the Customers and Comptrollers aswell of the City of London as the Out-ports are required once in eve­ry 28. dayes to make a true accompt, of all such entries as have beene made in the severall Ports respectively, and of the moneys payable by the said Entries, and are to certifie the said accompts monthly unto William Toames Esquire Surveyer Generall in the Custome House of London, who is likewise required to make up a perfect Accompt upon all the severall Certificates, and to returne in the same un­to the Commons House of Parliament, or to such Committee as shall bee thereunto authorized by them.

11. That for the better directions aswell of the Mer­chants, what is to be performed on their parts, as of seve­rall Officers of the Custom House in the severall Ports re­spectively. It is Ordained by the Lords and Commons now assembled in Parliament, That a true Coppy of the said Bill of Tonnage and Poundage which hath past both Houses, and now remaining with his Majesty, shall be print­ed, [Page 14] and both it and the said Booke of Rates published and sent aswell to the Officers of the Custome House in the City of London, as unto the Officers of the Out-ports re­spectively.

Lastly, for the incouragement of Merchants Strangers trading in the Port of Dover to continue their intercourse of Trade, and the importation of Bullion and forraigne Coyne; It is ordered by the said Lords and Commons, that the severall Officers in that Port respectively shall and may from time to time give unto all Merchants Strangers the like respect and allowance in their Customes, as they have formerly done.


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