A Discovery of the ends and designes of the Po­pish Partie both abroad, and at home, in the raising and fomenting our late War, and still-continuing troubles: In an ORATION made to the generall Assembly of the French Clergy in Paris,

By Monsieur Jaques du Perron Bishop of Angolesme, and Grand Almosner to the Queen of England.

Translated out of a Manuscript Copy, obtained from a good hand in France, and now published for the opening their eyes that hate not the Truth, and that desire to be thankfull for such a DISCOVERY.

And for Caution to those, to whom the Divine Providence hath intrusted the transaction of Affaires, that they may most accurately take heed there be a sound foundation laid, of the so Generally longed-for Peace of the KINGDOME.

Sed si populus iste vult decipi decipiatur.

London Printed for R.W. 1647.

A Discourse made on the behalf of the Queen of England, in the Generall Assembly of the Clergy at Paris, concerning the present Affaires of the Catholike, Religion in the Kingdom of England: By Monsieur Jaques du Perron Bishop of Angolesme, Grand Almosner to Her Majesty.

IF the King of Great Britain be constrained by the necessity and exigency of his Affaires, to come to an Accommodation with his Re­belled Subjects, as he will at last be inforced, and that in a very short time, if He receive not speedy and effectuall succors, That Accom­modation will necessarily bring with it, the totall destruction of the Catholike Religion in that Kingdom. For as the first and principall Pretext, which the Parliamentarians serve themselves off, to dresse and colour over their Rebellion withall, and to Animate, Arme, and Unite all the Sub­jects together against their Lawfull Soveraign, hath been, to make them believe that he was a Catholike, and that he would introduce, and bring the Catholike Religion into that Kingdom; And as the first Article of all the Treaties that have been set on foot, and put forward by them hitherto, hath alwaies been, that of the Ruine and Extermination of the Catholikes; it is not to be doubted, they will never conclude any Accord or Agreement with their Prince, but upon that rigorous Condition, that the little Catholicisme that yet remaines there, should for ever be Banished from thence, and that [Page 2]all the Arms and Forces of England and Scotland shall be joyned together (as they have long since resolved amongst themselves, and published in Print) to execute this unhappy and wicked design plainly, that is to Massacre and cut the throats of all the poor Ca­tholikes, as they have already begun to do in divers places; And to drown and extinguish for ever in their blood, the Remainders and reliques of Religion, not only in England and Scotland, but also in Ireland, where they have been almost all preserved in the Orthodox belief, notwithstanding all the persecutions that have been raised a­gainst them for these hundred years last past.

Now the destruction of Monarchy in England, and the Establish­ment of a Republike, and especially of a Puritane Republike, which is the end that the Parliamentarians aime at, carrieth with it the greatest prejudice that may be to the Catholike Religion: for the Extent of it will not be only in England, in Scotland, or in Ireland, but in all other parts of Christendome. For if this Popular and Puri­tane State, shall once be formed in these three great Kingdoms, and after that shall Unite it self with the Hereticks of Germany, Holland, and France, as is most agreeable to all Maximes of State, Religion, and Interest, and wch to effect, they are especially concerned, and which is a design, which the Parliamentarians had formed in their mindes from the instant of their Revolt, and of which they now spare not to make a clear and open profession: All these powers thus United by the Interests of State, and of Religion, the most strict and sacred bonds of humane society, will render themselves so formidable to all the rest of Christendome, as they will be able in succession of time (if God shall not mightily interpose his hand) to undermine, and utterly to ruine all the Catholikes. And this is that which the Parliamentarians hope to come unto at last, when they shall have rooted up Monarchy from among themselves, for they hate the Church, yet more then they hate Royalty. And is it not to be feared, that if the Catholikes of other Countreys, shall shew themselves so little sensible of the ruine of Religion in England, and shall not be ready to give their assistance for the maintenance and preservation of the same, that God by his just judgement should permit that themselves should fall into the same unhappinesse and misery of Schisme and Heresie, from which they have had no heart to preserve and defend their brethren, and their neighbors? And is it [Page 3]not to be feared that God to punish our regardlesnes, & loosenes in the things of his service, and of his glory, and our little zeal for the Augmentation, and Conservation of the Catholike Religion, should permit the same Catholike Religion to be wholly ruined, and root­ed out of the rest of those Countreys, in which it yet continueth in Europe, as in the Ages past, to chastise the sins of those that lived before us, he hath permitted that it should be wholly destroyed, in all Asia, Affrick, and the greatest part of Europe it selfe, and to transplant it wholly into America, and that new world, which were the greatest unhappinesse that could befall us; and which we ought to endeavour to hinder by all the meanes we can, all the dayes of our lives?

The King of England hath promised by a Letter which he hath written to the Queen his spouse, to revoke and repeal all those Laws which have at any time been made against the Catholikes in Eng­land, in case he can receive from the Catholikes any assistance, to put him into a Condition of power and Authority to be able to do it. There is now no danger to declare this promise, which hath been kept secret hitherto: for that the Parliamentarians having sur­prised the Copie of the said Letter, have Printed and published the same, to render the King the most odious to the People that they can; & to render the Catholikes the most suspects. And were not this now the greatest good that could possible come to the Catholike Religi­on? For were not this to give and establish in a sort, the liberty of Catholike Religion in England? which if it were once established there, it is most certain that we should shortly see the greatest part of that Countrey re-united to the Church: for there are now already a fourth part, yea, even near a third part, who are Catholikes, either secret or open; There is one other third part, who are held in Schism, only from the apprehension of temporall punishment, and the losse of their goods, and by the fear of the Laws, which being once revoked, as the King of England promiseth now they shall, in case he can be assisted, they would also presently embrace the Catholike faith. And who can tell whether the divine providence hath not permit­ted that the King of England should fall into those difficulties, and extremities, into which he is now reduced, to the end, that being pressed by the necessity and exigency of his Affaires, he might take this good resolution, which God no doubt hath inspired him with [Page 4]for the advantage of his Church? And who knowes whether when this King hath been so seasonably and sensibly engaged and obliged by the Catholikes, God may not take that occasion to touch his heart, and open his eyes to the light of the faith?

The second consideration, which ought to carry you more effectu­ally, and particularly to this assistance beyond the rest of the Church, is your particular interest, that is to say, the danger in which you are, in regard of your vicinity to England, as being neerer then any other Catholike kingdome; so as when Heresie shall have ruined Re­ligion in England, it may with greatest speed, passe over to destroy it also in France.

Res tua tunc agitur, paries cum proximus ardet. For we know of certain knowledge, that this is the designe and scope of the Parlia­mentarians; and that this is all the hope and the only refuge of the Huguenots; upon this hope it is, that they travell with so great dili­gence and vehemency, to help forward, and to publish the advanta­ges of the Parliamentarians; 'Tis upon this hope they Contribute so great sums That the Reader be not mistaken in this particu­lar, he is to take notice, that the Orator useth this as an Argument, to provoke the French Clergy to a full con­tribution to the Queen in Emulation of the Hugue­nots; wherein he imposeth upon them, there never ha­ving been so much as one peny ever leavied by them, or sent into England, for the use of the Parliament. which they leavy upon themselves, and secretly convey into England. And truly this their hope perhaps is not so vaine nor ill grounded, as some may be ready to imagine: for if the Huguenots at their first birth, and when they began to appear in this Kingdome, being only upheld by the protection of some petty Hereticall Princes of Germany, made themselves in short time so considerable, as they were able to set on foot at divers times such Prodigious Armies, to give an hundred and an hundred encount­ers with our forces, to gaine many signall Victo­ries, to take a great number of the best Townes of this Kingdome, to keep whole Provinces intire, and to ruine and destroy wherever they came the Catholike Religion, of which we see yet, the lamentable marks and scars in all parts of this Kingdome, but principally in the Dioceses of Guienne and Lan­guedoc; what will it be, when beside the succours of the Hereticks of Germany (who are now incomparably more powerfull then they were in those times,) they shall be assisted by the Puritanes of Eng­land, Scotland and Ireland, united in one body of a Republike, the most formidable of all Christendome? certainly it must be [Page 5]avowed, that all those evils with which they have afflicted the Church of France in the times past, are nothing, in comparrison of those with which we are threatned for the future. The truth is, the Huguenots have been very much weakened, but they have not been yet intirely rooted out, they are yet in as great number, and have as great ani­mosity against us as ever; we have taken indeed from them their Towns, and strong places, but their hatred toward us remains, and their desire of Revenge still lives, and they attend but for an occa­sion to make the same appear, which can never be presented to them more favorably, then by the establishment of a Puritane Republike in England; and therefore, if this shall ever come to passe, as with­out all doubt it will come to passe one day, if it be not presently and effectually hindred, we shall see again in France, the Churches ruin­ed, Sepulchres profaned, the ashes of the dead cast into the wind, as they have done even to some of our Kings and others. Behold, this is that which the Huguenots of France promise us, this is that which the Parliamentarians of England prepare for us, in case they can finish their work with their King and their Queen. Shall it be said to posterity? Shall it be said to the shame of Catholikes, and particularly to the oprobry of the Clergy of France, that the Hu­guenots of France contributed so joyfully and freely, great sums for the aid of the Parliamentarians, that is to say, for the enemies of God, of the holy. Church his spouse, of your dignities and sacred Chara­cter? shall it be said that they have made great Collections to send in­to England, to help to destroy, and root up from the foundation the Kingdom of Iesus Christ, and to advance yet further, and set up there the Kingdome of Satan; hoping when that shall be effected to their mindes, to do the same thing here in France: and that the Ca­tholikes, and especially the Ecclesiasticks, who live only upon the Patrimony of Iesus Christ, and who have protested in their Ordinati­on in the face and presence of the whole Church, that they would renounce all the perishable possessions of this world, and to have none other Inheritance then the Lord, no other Possession then Ie­sus Christ, (Dominus pars haereditatis meae & calicis mei) should not a little retrench and abridge themselves in some small thing, where­by to help and assist the setting up of the Kingdome of the same Lord and the same Iesus Christ in England, and to preserve to him the Inheritance which he hath there purchased to himself, at the [Page 6]Price of his owne most pretious blood, and with that of so many Martyrs, and by consequence inevitable, to preserve unto him here in France that kingdome, which he hath here possessed for these sixteen hundred years?

I conclude this discourse with one consideration, which respects you yet more particularly then the rest of the Church, in regard of the quality you bear as French. A Consideration neverthelesse which the Queen of England hath even commanded me to suppresse, conceiving the Interest of her own person, and that of her children, of so small consideration, as she dares not mingle them with the In­terests of Religion. Notwithstanding it seemed to me, that I could not omit it without breach of Piety and good Nature that is, to consider a little the eminent perill and danger, wherein the Queen of England and her children now are, to fall into a more deplorable and miserable condition then ever persons of their birth and quality were reduced unto: to see on the one side six young Princes and Princesses, the tendernes of whose age, is yet within the verge & Limit of Innocence; Princes, which are the grand-children, Nephews, and Cousin Germans of our Kings; Princes, who derive their birth and blood from twenty or two and twenty Kings of England, and from twelve or fifteen Kings of Scotland, and who are generally allyed to all the Crowned heads of Christendome, and of whom for that cause, it may as justly be said, as of the children of the Emperors of Constantinople of old, that they were ingendred of Purple,

Cum Majestate creatos,
Nulla (que) privatae passos contagia sortis.

Born in the glory and midst of the splendor of Soveraign Majesty; nourished and brought up upon the Royall Throne, in hopes to command one day great and powerfull Nations: To see them I say now at the very point of being despoyled of three great Kingdomes, which so many of their Ancestors have left them from hand to hand, as a well-assured patrimony; to be constrained to leave their native Countrey now in their tender Age, and to wander in strange countreys as vagabonds to seek the security of their lives and per­sons, and even there to eat that bread, which they cannot eat in their own house, and amongst their own Subjects and Citizens, is a thing, that none who hath ought of the tendernesse of a man left in him can speak or think of without teares.

In Servitutem cadere de Regno grave est

Was the saying of a despoyled Prince in the Tragick Poet; to see on the other side a most Catholike Princesse, whose veines contein and hold, and in which there runs along the pretious blood of our St. Lewis, which is not only the life of her body, but also animates, and impregnates her heart with the same sentments of Piety, which hath acquired to that great Saint a Crown of Glory in the Heavens, & a shrine in our Temples; A Princess, who in imitation of that most imitable Saint, hath set up the Altars, and the true worship of God in England, and hath caused the Catholike Religion again to grow and triumph there, with all the splendor and glory imaginable, for the space of 15 or 16 years, in despite of all the opposition that Heresie could make against it, and that after it had been continually oppressed and persecuted for the space of an hundred years: yea, so far had this proceeded, as there hath been even in the chief City of the Kingdome, a Covent of Capuchin Fathers, Preaching, Cate­chising, and Confessing every day publikely, and that not only in French, but also in English, administring the Sacraments, & Celebra­ting divine service wth as much solemnity and liberty, & I durst even say in proportion, with as great affluence of people, as in any Church in Paris, The King saying nothing to it, nor any of the Ministers of State, or Justice of that Kingdome daring to impeach or hinder it, especially for these last ten years; yea, even so far, that there hath been seen to the Admiration of all Christendome, that which hath not been seen since the time of the Schisme, and that which none could have dared ever to hope to see again, namely, Residents from the Court of England at Rome, to Treat there with the Pope of the affaires of Religion, and Reciprocally three Nuntio's from the Pope in the Court of England, namely, the Seigniours, Gregory Panzani, Bishop of Mileto in Italy, Georgio Coneo, a Scottish man by Nation, but a Domestick of the last Pope, and of the Cardinall Barbarini, and Seignior Rossetti, who was made Cardinall at his going out of England, all these Negotiating in the said Court, during the space of seven or eight years, with as much liberty, yea, even familiarity, as in the Court of any other Catholike Prince whatsoever: and all this by the conduct, zeale, and credit of the Queen of England, who by these sweet steps walked fairely on toward the Conversion of that Kingdome, and which it seemed, we might speedily have hoped for, [Page 8]after so happy and prosperous beginnings (but our sins have turned away that unexpected happinesse) a Princesse, who hath given a confidence to the poor English Catholikes, to come forth from their retirements, where they remained shut up in obscurity, and to ap­pear in the light with their faces erected, to professe and exercise their Religion with all assurance; to aspire after, and actually obtain Offices and Charges in the Court and State, after they had been for the space of an age without liberty of breathing, or rather sighing in secret; a Princess, who by her Alms, or rather by her immense Libera­lities (of which I can give Testimonie, for that the most part thereof passed through my hands,) hath restored life to many intire families, (yea, even of the most Noble of England) who had been despoyled of all their Estates for the cause of Religion, & who were upon the point to die by a cruell and lingring famine; yet notwithstanding, we may see at this day this Princesse (of so excellent merit, and who hath so deeply obliged all Catholikes) hath been twice chased from her own Kingdome, and forced to flie from the cruelty of her ene­mies with infinite labour and perill, and that within 14 dayes after her delivery of a childe, who not content to have prosecuted her criminally, and to death, in their Parliament, by their devillish Ca­lumnies they have persecuted her in this her flight, pursuing her both by sea and land, with Cannon discharged, (one shot of which came into her ship) thinking to interrupt the course of her flight, and to make her fall into the hands of her enemies, who followed her at the distance of musquet shot, other shot being made against a little house where she was retired, entring the Chamber of her Lady of Honour, and of her maids of Honour, and killed some persons of her train; so as this poor Princesse was forced for the saving of her life, with all speed to rise and flie 5 or 600 paces thence, without having the leisure to put on her clothes, and this on foot, being with­in night, and in the deep of Winter, in the midst of snow and frost, (it being in the month of February) and to go hide her self in a ditch, and behind a little rising ground, to put her self under that shelter from the Cannon, which continually played for the space of two whole houres, the bullets flying over her head, and falling down at the feet of her Majesty, the Rebels having no respect either to her person, or yet to her sex, which hath alwaies found commiseration & pity in the most wilde and savage spirits, nor yet regarding her long [Page 9]sicknesse, which had brought her even within two fingers of death; neither yet the Royall Character which she bears, which hath been wont to finde Veneration among Subjects, even the most revolted; nor the blood of France of which she is descended, and which is now redoubted and reverenced throughout the world; to see her now deprived of that, which of all things in the world (on this side God) is most dear unto her, namely, the King her husband, and the Princes her children, and that which Augments her troubles & anxie­ties, even to infinite, is the continuall apprehensions and fear in which she is, lest the chance of war should cause them to fall into the hands of their enemies, who no doubt would forthwith imbrue their sacrilegious hands in the Royall bloud; to see her at the very point now, in the flower of her age, about 35 or 36 years, to be re­duced (she and all her family) into a prodigious calamity, into which shee had been already fallen, as to her own person, had it not been hindred by the charity that hath been extended to her by the King and Queen. Lastly, to see this Princesse suffer all this for the most just cause in the World, and that which hath made all our Saints and Martyrs, that is to say, for that she is a Catholike, and re-established, and made to flourish again the Catholike Religion in England: behold this is all her Crime, in the opinion of the Par­liamentarians, this the only fault of which they can convince her, and of which they have declared her guilty by all their Printed Pam­phlets, after they had with greatest malice and diligence made a more accurate sear [...]n into her whole life, then into the life of the most wicked Malefactor, even of those who are guilty of treason it self. And this seems to me to be a motive that should so much more excite us to Contribution in this cause, for that it depends upon us for succour and relief. It is not without the greatest regret, and with very much unwillingnesse and shame, that shee is brought to this point to ask and importune your aide: but her own Af­faires, and the whole Catholike cause, especially in England, are at present come to that State, that she believed it was her duty on this occasion, even to offer some violence to her own disposition, to overcome the greatnesse of her spirit, and to put out, and lay by, all sense of that shame, confusion, and repugnancie, which hath hither­to deterred her.

Ne [...] turpe putat quid quid miseros fortuna jubet.

She knows your hearts so filled and flaming with the zeale of the Catholike Religi­on, she knows that you are so deeply affectionate to the Royall blood of our Kings, she knows you so Christian-like charitable, and tenderly compassionate to the mi­series of all afflicted, even those of lowest quality and condition, how much mote then of Crowned heads (whereof her self is one) cast down into, and overwhelmed in the Abysse, & bottom of all manner of misery & unhappines, that she believes it cannot be a thing unacceptable to offer you this an occasion, (the most glorious be­fore men, and most meritorious before God) to give to all Christendome a pub­like Demonstration, that these good and laudable dispositions do dwell and worke in you. For how can you ever better imploy your Liberality and your Alms, then to hinder the progresse of Heresie, to advance Religion, and to retire out of a totall ruine all the Catholikes of England? to deliver from misery, from almes & from beggery it self (I make no difficulty to use these tearms, for that the Queen of England hath held it no dishonour to use them, and to write them with her own hand in the memoriall which shee gave me of those things, which I should repre­sent unto you on her part) to deliver therefore I say, from almes and beggery, a Queen, and Princes who are the children of those who have founded and endowed our benefices, and who have bestowed them upon us?

The assistance which the Queen of England desires of you, is, what in your own prudence you think fit, both for the sums you shall lend, and of the manner of furnishing thereof, whether at one intire paiment, or at divers, as being desirous to be as little but then some to the Clergie as shee can: which also shee desires not in free and pure gift, but only by way of Loan, and that only untill God shall please to restore her affaires into some better estate. This, if you shall do, you will have a great part of the glory of the happy re-establishment of the Catholike Religion and of Monarchy in the Kingdome of England, you shall be the cause of the salvation spirituall and temporall of an infinite number of persons, who now stretch forth their hands unto you out of the midst of their perils, and from the darknesse of their prisons, imploring your assistance, as doth also all the remainder of the poor Ca­tholike Church in England, no more now triumphant as I have sometimes seen it, no more simply militant, but if I may so say, suffering, persecuted, expiring & dying, which implore your assistance by the mouth of their Queen, and by me: And who by their prayers and teares, and it may be also by their blood, (if God shall give them grace to consummate their Martyrdome by the losse of their lives) will draw down upon you the benedictions of heaven, and will cause you to merit immortall praises among men, and a crown of glory to Eternity.


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