Charles R.

OUr expresse Pleasure is, That this Our Declaration be Published in all Churches and Chappells within the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales, by the Parsons, Vicars or Curates of the same.

LONDON: Printed by ROBERT BARKER, Printer to the Kings most Excellent Majestie: And by the Assignes of JOHN BILL. MDCXLII.


❧ His MAjESTIES Answer to a Printed Paper, intituled, A new Declaration of the Lords and Com­mons in Parliament, of the 21. of June 1642. in Answer to his Majesties Letter da­ted the 14 of June, and sent to the Lord Major, Aldermen, and Sheriffes of the City of LONDON.

IT seems by a new De­claration of the 21 of Iune, in answer to Our Letter of the 14 of the same month to the Lord Major of London, that the Lords and Commons in Parliament have much more leasure then they pre­tend, or that those Persons whom We [Page 2]have before described in Our former An­swers and Declarations, and of whom onely We would be understood to speak, think such Declarations and Votes to be such unresistable Engines of Batterie a­gainst Vs and the Law, that no strength can oppose them: And therefore though they will take notice from whence that Letter came, they will vouchsafe it no other mention, but of a Paper (as if found by chance) inscribed, To Our trustie and welbeloved, &c. And it is wonder, that since they have usurped the Supream Power to themselves, they have not ta­ken upon them the Supream Style too, and directed this very new Declaration, To their trustie and welbeloved, their Subjects of the Citie of London; For it is too great and palpable a scorn to perswade them to take up Arms against Our Person, un­der colour of being loving Subjects to Our Office, and to Destroy Vs, that they may Preserve the King.

They are offended that We should be­leeve, That their end of perswading Our [Page 3]Subjects to raise Horse, and to furnish Money upon pretence of a Guard for the Parliament, is in truth to imploy those Horse, Men and Money against Vs: Let the reasons of Our belief be never so strong, and their Actions never so evident to compell all other men to beleeve so too, The Lords and Commons do declare (think what you will, and see what you can) That the Designe of those Propositi­ons for raising Men, Horse and Money, is to maintain the Protestant Religion, The Kings Authority and Person in His Royall Dignity, The free course of Justice, The Laws of the Land, The Peace of the Kingdom, and Priviled­ges of Parliament against any Force which shall oppose them: And this all men are bound to beleeve, though they see the Prote­stant Religion, and the Professors there­of miserably reproached, and in danger of being destroyed by a vicious and Ma­lignant Party of Brownists, Anaba­ptists, and other Sectaries, (the princi­pal ring-leaders of whom have too great a power, even with some Members in [Page 4]both Our Houses of Parliament) Our Authority despised, and, as much as in them lies, taken from Vs, and reviled in Pulpits and Presses by persons immedi­ately in their Protection, and of their re­commendation, and Our Person driven away by Tumults and rude multitudes, against whom We can have no Iustice; The course of Iustice interrupted and stopped by Orders and Injunctions ne­ver heard of till this Parliament; The Laws of the Land trampled under foot and frustrated, and new Laws attempt­ed to be made and imposed upon Our Subjects without and against Our con­sent; The Peace of the Kingdom shaken and frighted away by discountenancing the Laws, absolving (as much as in them lies) the people from the Rules of Government or Obedience, and even de­claring a War against Vs and the Laws of the Land; And lasily, The Privi­ledges of Parliament so far extended, as if to the bare sound of Priviledge of Parli­ament, The Liberty and Property of the [Page 5]Subject, the dignity and certainty of the Law were in such subjection, that they may first make what Orders they please, and in what cases they please; And who­soever disputes those Orders, and sub­mits not to those Votes, breaks their Priviledges, and whosoever breaks their Priviledges is an Enemie to the Com­mon-wealth, and worthy of such other Attributes (either of favouring the Re­bellion in Ireland, or advancing the War here) as are most likely to render that person suspected or odious to the People: If in truth this be evidently and demon­strably the case, such Declarations will no more gain credit with, or longer mis-lead Our Subjects, then if they should tell them, That We are personal­ly with them in London, when all men see Vs here at York.

As they have Declared (the best Ar­gument or Evidence you are to look for) that all that they do is lawfull, because they do it; so they proceed, by the same power, to assure those, who are apt to [Page 6]be deceived by them, that the Force al­ready attending Vs (they would certain­ly do otherwise if they did really beleeve such Force to be about Vs) and the Preparation We are making, do evi­dently appear to be intended for some great and extraordinary Designe, and do justifie their former Votes of Our intention of Leavying Warre against Our Parliament: And they have at last given some Reason for that Vote and Declaration; They finde by Our se­verall Declarations that We intend force against those who shall submit to the Ordinance of the Militia, and that We intend to make an attempt upon Hull: In both which Cases they are pleased to declare, That whatsoever violence shall be used either against those who exercise this Mili­tia, or against Hull, they cannot but take it as done against the Parliament. We are behold­ing to them that they have explained to all Our good Subjects the meaning of their Charge against Vs; That by Our intention of making War against Our [Page 7]Parliament no more is pretended to be meant, but Our Resolution not to sub­mit to the high injustice and indignity of the Ordinance & the businesse of Hull. We have never concealed Our intentions in either of those particulars (We wish they would deal as cleerly with Vs) but have alwayes and do now declare, That that pretended Ordinance is against the Law of the Land, against the Liberty and Property of the Subject, destructive to Soveraignty, and therefore not consi­stent with the very Constitution and Essence of the Kingdom, and to the Right and Priviledge of Parliament; That We are bound by Our Oath (and all Our Subjects are bound by theirs of Alleagiance and Supreamacie, and their own Protestation lately taken, to assist Vs) to oppose that Ordinance which is put already in execution against Vs, not onely by Training and Arming Our Subjects; but by forceably remo­ving the Magazines from the places trusted by the Counties, to their Own [Page 8]houses, and guarding it there with Arm­ed men; whither it will be next removed and how used by such persons We know not. That the keeping Vs out of Hull by Sir John Hotham was an Act of high Treason against Vs, and the taking away Our Magazine and Munition from Vs was an Act of Violence upon Vs (by what hands or by whose directi­on soever it was done and in both Cases, by the help of God and the Law, We will have Iustice or lose Our life in the requi­ring it, the which We do not value at that rate as to preserve it with the infa­my of suffering Our Self to be rob'd and spoiled of that dignity We were borne to. And if it be possible for Our good Sub­jects to beleeve, that such a defence of Our Self, with the utmost power and strength We can raise, is making a War against the Parliament, We do not doubt (however it shall please God to dispose of Vs in that Contention) but the Iu­stice of Our Cause will at the last prevail against those few Malignant Spirits [Page 9]who for their own ends and Ambitious designes have so missed and corrupted the understandings of Our People, and that both Our houses of Parlia­ment will in short time discerne by their own observation and the Information We shall speedily give them, how neer this Flourishing Kingdom is brought to ruine and confusion by these Persons.

And since neither Our Declaration, nor the Testimony of so many of Our Lords now with Vs can procure credit with these Men, but that they proceed to leavy horse, and to raise Money and Arms against Vs; We are not to be bla­med, if (after so many gracious expostu­lations with them upon undeniable Principles of Law and Reason, which they answer onely by voting that which We say to be neither law nor reason, and so proceed actually to levy War upon Vs to justifie that which cannot be other­wise defended) at last We make such Pro­vision, that as We have been driven from London, and kept from Hull, We may not [Page 10]be surprized at York; but in a condition to resist and bring to justice those Men, who would perswade Our People, that their Religion is in danger, because We will not consent it shall be in their power to alter it by their Votes; or their Liberty in danger, because We will allow no Iudge of that Liberty but the known Law of the Land: yet what ever Pro­vision We shall be compelled to make for Our Security, We will be ready to lay down as soon as they shall have revo­ked the Orders by which they have made Leavies, and submit those persons who have detained Our Towns, carried away Our Arms, and put the Militia in execution contrary to Our Proclama­tion, to that Triall of their Innocence the Law directs, and to which they were born. If this be not submitted to, We shall with as good a Conscience (and We beleeve We shall not want the affections of Our good Subjects to that end) pro­ceed against those who shall presume to exercise that pretended Ordinance for the [Page 11] Militia, and the other who keep Our Town of Hull from Vs, as We would resist persons who came to take away Our life or Our Crown from Vs. And therefore We shall again remember and require Our Citie of London to obey Our former Commands, and not to be missed by the Orations of those Men (who are made desperate by their Fortunes, or their Fortunes by them) who tell them their Religion, Libertie, and Pro­pertie is to be preserved no other way but by their disloyaltie to Vs; That they are now at the brink of the river, and may draw their Swords, when nothing pur­sues them but their own evil consciences. Let them examine what excellent fruits of Religion the lives of those Men have brought forth, and what great Advan­cers they have been of the Publike Li­bertie, and Property; How long they have had those Opinions they would ruine them to defend, and how they came to those Opinions; Let them con­sider whether their Estates come to them, [Page 12]and are setled upon them by Orders of both Houses, or by that Law which We Defend; What Security they can have to enjoy their Own, when they have helped to Rob Vs; And what an happy Conclusion that Warre is like to have, which is raised to oppresse their Sove­raigne; That the Wealth and Glory of their Citie is not like to be destroyed any other way, but (and that way inevita­bly it must) by Rebelling against Vs; nor their Wives and Children to be expo­sed to violence and villanie, but by those who make their Appetite and Will the Measure and Guide to all their Actions. Let them not fancie to themselves Me­lancholike apprehensions, which are ca­pable of no satisfaction, but let them seriously consider what security they can have, that they have not under Vs or been offered by Vs; And whether the Do­ctrine these men teach, and would have them defend, doth not destroy the foun­dations upon which their securitie is built.

And We do lastly declare again, and publish to all the World; That We shall proceed against all Persons whatsoever that shall assist those Leavies, by furnish­ing of Horse, Money and Plate, as against the Disturbers of the Publique Peace, and the Authors of those Distractions which threaten the Ruine of Vs and this Kingdom.


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