Vade Mecum: OR, A COMPANION FOR A CHYRURGION: fitted for times of peace or war.

Compendiously shewing the yong Artist the use of every severall Instrument belonging to a CHYRURGION; and the vertues and qualities of all such Medicines as are needfull and necessary, with the maner of compounding them, according to the most approved Authors.

As also the perfect cure of green wounds, either incised or contused, Ulcers, Fistulaes, Fra­ctures, and Dislocations.

To which is added the maner of making Reports before a Judge of Assize, of any one that hath come to an untimely end.

By THO. BRUGIS Doctor in Physick.

LONDON, Printed by T. H. for THOMAS WILLIAM at the sign of the Bible in Little Britain, 1652.

T. Cross sculpsit

The Preface.

EVery thing in the world is a naturall vision, which wee ought to see and understand, for the more cleare apprehension of the invisible Majesty of God, but of all these man is the most to be admired, being the worthiest & most excelent of all the Cre­ators works, for whom God made all that was made. There are some that hold an opinion that onely Nature was the first cause of things, and that there is no other God than Nature, but they are easily o­verthrown if they consider, That Prima causa quod superiorem non agnoscat a qua su­um esse acceperit, ipsa sui ipsius causa est, natu­ra verò non a seipsa sed a principio superiori [Page] existit, cum enim finita sit (ut ex Coelorum mo­tu patet) ab alio certè definita est, nihil siqui­dem seipsum definit, ad haec si natura seipsum fecerit (quae primae causae proprietas est) certe seipsum fecit naturaliter, quae vero naturaliter fiunt ex praeexistente materia fiunt, ut si na­tura facta sit naturaliter eam ex materia praeexistente fieri oportuerit, quod si statuatur natura nondum existente consequiter aliquid factum esse naturaliter, & naturam aliquid fe­cisse priusquam ipsamet existent, non est ergo natura prima rerum causa.

That God made man and all things else in the world, and subjected them to the power of man, cannot be denyed, and why he did this Plato tels you: Ut a Deo bo­no opera bona fierent, si ergo quaerimus, saith one, quis faecerit, Deus est, si per quod, dixit fiat, & facta sunt, si quare fiat, quia bonus est, nec enim auctor est excellentior Deo, nec ars efficacior Dei verbo, nec causa melior quam ut bonum crearetur a Deo bono. Now although all these things were created of divers na­tures and properties, yet by the incompre­hensible wisdome of the Creator, they [Page] were apoynted to tend to one certaine and common end, namely, to serve man, and in him to shew forth the infinite power and greatnesse of their work master. But in man alone the treasures of his heavenly graces are without comparison more libe­rally unfolded, and that in all fulnesse and bounty as well in regard of the goods and commodities of this life, as also in respect of the assured happinesse and eternall fe­licity, which by the especiall grace of God is purchased and assured to him only in the immortality of the second life.

And forasmuch as every Countrey is not furnished with all sorts of things (God having so disposed thereof) that some should abound with those things which others greatly want and stand in need of, the omnipotent providence hath taught us the means of transporting by water from one countrey to another, with small loss, trouble, & charges, so that one Nation may communicate those cōmodities to a­nother, which the Creator hath bestowed upon them all, each granting mutual help [Page] to the other by this meanes.

Now this great master-piece of the Creator, the best part of nothing, for whom all these were made, through his disobedience, pride, ambition, intempe­rance, incredulity, curiosity, from whence proceeded originall sinne, and that gene­rall corruption of mankinde, as from a fountaine flowed all bad inclinations, and actuall transgressions which cause our se­verall calamities inflicted upon us for our sinnes, and are the impulsive causes of all the miseries attending man; these cause the privation and destruction of Gods image, the cause of death and diseases, of all temporall and eternall punishments; from hence likewise proceed the instru­mentall causes of our infirmities, which are as divers as the infirmities themselves, stars, heavens, elements, &c. and all the creatures which God hath made are ar­med against sinners; they were indeed once good in themselves, and that they are now many of them pernicious to us, is not in their nature but our corruption [Page] which hath caused it, as an ancient Phi­losopher notes to us by a comparison of those that saile in a Ship upon the water, who are not above two or three fingers distant from death, namely so far off as the thicknesse of the planks and timber of the Ship is, in which they are carried into the Sea, for if that timber were taken away from under them, they cannot avoid drowning; but we have death a great deale nearer to us, wee carry it about us by infinite causes and means, whereby we are every houre in danger of stifeling, poysoning, drowning, &c. and that both waking and sleeping, eating and drinking, at all times and in all pla­ces where-ever we become. It hath plea­sed the omnipotent Creator out of his owne meer mercy, and great providence, to give knowledge and understanding of the vertues and qualities of the creatures which he hath placed in the world, and of them to compound Medicines to with­stand all such diseases as shall happen up­on the bodies of this most noble Fabrick. [Page] Next therefore to God, we ought in all our extremities to seek to and relye upon the Physitian, who is Manus Dei, and to whom he hath given knowledge, that he might bee glorified in his wondrous works; read Ecclesiasticus the thirty eight Chapter, where you may finde what ho­nour and respect belongs to the Physi­tian, but not meaning every one that steals the name of a Physitian, for there be many Mountebanks, Quacksalvers, Empericks, in every street almost, and in every village, that take upon them this name, and make this divine, noble, and profitable Art to be evill spoken of, and contemned, by reason of such base and illiterate Artificers.

You have heard what the subject is the Artist hath to work upon, the excel­lency whereof I would have him dili­gently to consider, by contemplating the Heavens, the Earth, the Seas, and all the creatures therein, their excellency and admirable beauty, which were onely created for the use of man, and are main­tained [Page] and preserved in their being, and moving, by one and the same divine pro­vidence alwaies like unto it selfe.

Next let him consider with what care, diligence, and respect, he ought to be­have himselfe towards this noble peece of workmanship, and to that end let the Artist be honest, having a good consci­ence, doing nothing in his profession negligently, or rashly, which may be of­fensive either to God or man; but let him be godly, pitifull, affable, curteous, pleasant, bountifull, merry, and mild to­wards his poor Patients, and profitable to the ignorant, not being moved to passion by their peevishnesse, but regard­ing wholly what they stand in need of, alwayes having God the searcher of all hearts and judge of all actions, before his eyes, who to those that do well, and dis­charge a good conscience towards their Patients, will crown with greater and more precious rewards then ever can be had from any mortall man. Let him have his Latine tongue at least, and that [Page] not onely for a little matter of discourse, as many in these dayes conceive them­selves to be thought schollars, if now and then they tumble out some short sentence of Latine, which they pronounce bad, and understand worse; but let him have it after the purest manner, that he may not onely understand any Latine Authour, but also any Physitians Bill, and may be able to write a Bill himselfe; neither let him thinke it sufficient to be knowing in the ancient and moderne rules of his Art, but he must apply himself to handle those things Artist-like which shall come in his way beyond the old precepts; for we every day meet with new things, and therefore he must endeavour himselfe to gain the knowledge of Simples, their na­ture and quality, and the goodnesse of them, both by the sight, taste, smell and touch, to know the good from the indif­ferent, and the indifferent from the bad, as also at what time he should gather his Roots, Herbes, Flowers, Seeds, and Fruits, and how to dry them and lay [Page] them up, that they may be kept from pu­trifaction; he must also observe the due boyling of Emplaisters, Unguents, &c. to know what medicines shall be boyled in Brasse, what in Tin, and what in Iron, and what are to be stirred with iron Spatulaes, what with wodden, as you shall finde in divers Compositions; let the Artist also have a strong, stable, and in­trepide hand, and a minde resolute and mercilesse; I mean so as that when hee takes any to heale, he be not moved to make more haste then the time requires, or to cut lesse then is needfull, but let him doe all things as if he were nothing affected with their cryes, not giving heed to the judgement of the vaine common-people, and idle prating women, who speak ill of Artists meerly out of igno­rance.

Let him eschew all bad qualities espe­cially pride, gluttony, covetousnesse, which as they are odious in any person, so they are most detestable in Chyrurgions, he being so much drawn from his practice [Page] by these vices, that he ruines the bodies of many, yea and of divers the souls also; I would wish the Artist to be so free from the first, namely, pride, and that he vouchsafe to do for the meanest and poorest of people, as much as for the greatest and richest, for they are all alike in the sight of God; if thou seest a poor wretch lying in misery wanting the painfull hand of some Artist, let him not be nice, lazie, or disdainfull, but com­passionate to the meanest creature, as he would desire others to do to him; and let him not refuse this in any manner of disease as fearing infection, but let him go on boldly, in the fear of God, his cal­ling being lawfull; let him encourage himself with this, that no disease is infe­ctious to him, that he is bound to visit the diseased, which who so neglecteth, God will finde him out with that disease or a worse; and know this that the mean­est of thy Patients dying, through thy neglect, their bloud will cry to God for revenge.

[Page]Gluttony is a vice which extreamly hinders the Artist from following his Calling as he ought, being given up so much to the excesse of meat and drink, that they are not capable of doing any thing that is good: A great many there are who tearm themselves Artists, who minde nothing but their bellies; some cannot passe away the day unlesse they begin in the Alehouse assoon as they rise out of their beds, and so continue untill night; some think they cannot entertain their friends, nor be accounted good fel­lows, nor good company, unlesse they drink so long as they can stand, which indeed not onely overthrows their own healths, but the healths also and lives of others, who sending to them for helpe, run in a drunken fit and fall to cutting, burning, and torturing, the poor Pa­tient to their utter undoing, not knowing what they do, nor how to do any thing aright, and this course of life is it which makes them so sottish, stupid and bloc­kish, that they are not fit to undertake [Page] or doe any thing about a Christian, yet will they venture upon any thing though never so drunk, and from hence happen so many evill accidents as are daily seen by Patients receiving Physick, blouding, dressing, &c. from drunken Artists; as convulsions, palsies, pricking of nerves, distempers in wounds, and from thence feavers, and death it self. And this many will not be sensible of, but if they stand in need of the Artists help they finde him at the Alehouse, where his discourse is scurrility, his summum bonum a pot of Ale; and to the first demand, he answers with three or four great oaths, and speaks high with some strange tearms, neither understood by his Patient, nor himself, enough to fright him; O that's a brave man, a learned man, I warrant him, and ready in his work! when indeed he is skilfull in nothing but unskilfulnesse; for how can a man expect any good from him who spends his time in such a man­ner? whereas our ancient Chyrurgions laboured day and night to attaine to the [Page] perfection of the Art, as diligently as Tully speaks of himself, Nullus mihi per otium dies exit, partem noctis studiis dedico, non vero somno sed oculos vigilia fatigatos, cadentesque in operam detineo; yet could gain the depth of it. And this let the Artist observe, that though he be ever learning, yet he shall never learn half of that he ought to know, for vita brevis ars longa, let him therefore follow his practice and study, laying aside the pot and pipe, which will but render him odi­ous and contemptible in the sight of God and man, and unapt and unprofit­able to prosecute any good thing, either in his Calling, or otherwise; I need not herein inlarge my selfe, what I have re­hearsed, is too well known, I will onely give you the true description of them in a few words, Atlantes videri volunt, quum sint statuae lapideae, fungi forsan & bardi, nihil a saxo differentes, viles scurrae, idiotae, circumforanei, vagi asini, praeter in verecun­dum frontem adferentes nihil, vulgares quis­dam quisquilius & scholarium quaedam nu­gamenta, [Page] indigna quae vel recipiantur in tri­viis; quum interim docti viri, & vitae san­ctioris ornamentïs prae ditibis iniqua sorte ser­viant puris nominibus nuncupati, humiles, ob­scuri, multoque digniores licet, egentes inhono­rati, vitam privam privatam agunt.

Covetousnesse is as ill beseeming an Artist as any other vice, being the root of all evills; from it arise all the mis­chieves in the world, quarrels, strifes, suits, hatred, envy, thefts, polings, sac­kings, wars, murders, poysonings, &c. from hence it is that God is forgotten, our neighbour hated, and many times the son forgiveth not his Father, neither the Bro­ther his Brother, meerly for the desire of gain. Truly I must needs say thus much for my selfe, that finding i [...] so detestable in all men, but especially in a Physitian, I have (to mine own power) vowed the utter ru­ine thereof, neither shall I ever be recon­ciled to it with any perswasion, whatsoe­ver: Hipocrates in his Epistle to Cratena an Hearbarist, gives him this good coun­sell, that if it were possible amongst other [Page] Hearbs he should cut up that Weed of Covetousnesse by the roots, that there be no remainder left, and then know this for a certain, that together with their bodies thou mayst quickly cure all the diseases of their mindes. John Maria Duke of Millaine chastised very justly though se­verely the Covetousnesse of a Curate who denied the buriall of a dead body, because his Widow had not wherewithall to pay him the charges of the buriall, the Duke himself going to the funerals of the dead, where he caused the Priest to be bound to the coarse, and so cast them both into one pit. And truly I could wish that all Artists who do deny their help or their medicines to the poore should have some such pun­nishment inflicted upon them, for it is the ruine of many a poore wrech, who lieth languishing, and perisheth for want of means to send to the Physitian or Chy­rurgion.

But be thou neither carelesse nor cove­tous Harpey-like, to make a prey of thy Patient by prolonging and wyer-drawing [Page] thy cure so long as there is any hope of pay: Non missura cutem nisi plena cruroris hirudo: But as I have said endeavour thy selfe to live chastly, soberly, and civily in thy conversation, that thou mayest be blamelesse before God and man; let him alwayes give care to the discourses of the Learned; for Aristotles rule is, that the more knowledge a man hath, the greater occasion of doubting is offered. Be sure thou search into the nature and cause of the griefe thou undertakest, else will it be impossible for thee to prescribe a remedy to the sick party: a disease known (saith the proverb) is halfe cured.

Never administer any medicine, but first make thy supplication to the Al­mighty for his Assistance to thine endea­vours: and whensoever thou hast cured any patient, forget not to give him hum­ble thanks for making thee the instru­ment of his glory in restoring health to the sick. These two are so often omitted by Artists, that many times they misse of their purpose, and the divine Art is there­by [Page] scandalized; Multa in homine bona fiunt quae non facit homo, nulla vero facit homo quae non Deus praestet ut faciat homo, saith a learn­ed Divine.

Presume not too much on thy own wisdome and vertue, lest thou beest lifted up with a vain confidence, and puffed up with pride, for when men are carried with an inordinate and blinde love of themselves they are soon perswaded that there is nothing in them worthy to be despised, yea they think that their igno­rance is wisdome, insomuch that know­ing nothing, they suppose they know all things, and having no dexterity to per­forme any one commendable work, they presume very inconsiderately to set their hand to every great matter; but the more care and diligence they bestow, being led with a desire to shew great skill, and thinking to win honour and renown, so much the more they discover their igno­rance and blockishnesse, purchasing to themselves shame and infamy: For a man to know himselfe to be ignorant, is [Page] the best science, and so necessary for men, that without it they cannot be truly skil­full; for as I said before, the ignorant person that knoweth not himselfe to be such an one, but supposeth he knoweth that which he doth not, indeed is as un­teachable a beast as can be. There are held to be two main defects of wit, error and ignorance, to which all others are reduced; by ignorance we know not things necessary, by error we know them falsely; ignorance is a privation, error a positive act; from ignorance comes vice, from error heresie. Socrates who by the oracle was declared to be the wisest man then living, was greatly commended by the Ancients, because he said he knew but onely one thing; namely, That he was ignorant, and knew nothing. These things being observed, I doubt not, but the Artist may proceed in his work boldly, and with good successe. But I know what some will answer to all this I have said, they will me as Phaedra did her Nurse, quae loqueris vera sunt, sed suror suggerit sequi pejora.

[Page]Now a word or two to the Patient: Thou seest in every Village a sort of Mountebanks, Empericks, Quacksalvers, Paracelsians (as they call themselves) Wizards, Alcumists, Poor-vicars, cast Apothecaries, and Physitians men, Bar­bers, and Good-wives that professe great skill, go with the name of Doctor, which title perhaps they bought at some be­yond-sea University, where they bestow this degree upon such people for their money; the phrase they use is, Accipiamus pecuniam, demittamus asinum, and so with this title of Doctorasse, away he flyes in­to all Countries possessing the people with stories and false tales, and leads them to the destruction of their bodies, if not of souls too, that an able Physitian or Chyrurgion, who hath undergone a great deale of hardship to benefit him­selfe in his Art, can scarcely mantain him­selfe, or know who shall be his Patients, and these kinde of creatures will give a dram, and promise to restore a maiden­head, and doe it without danger, make [Page] an abort if need be, keep downe their paps, hinder conception, procure lust, make them able with provocatives, and how and then step in themselves.

But beware of these kinde of crea­tures, and if thou needest the Artist help, finde him out by these rules I have be­fore prescribed, and conform thy selfe as much to him as is possible, and be con­tent to be ruled by him, else all his en­deavours will be to no good end. Be not too niggardly miserable of thy purse, or thinke it too much thou bestowest upon thy selfe, for in seeking to save charges thou mayest endanger thy health: Doe not conceal thy griefe through bashful­nesse, but fully disclose it, otherwayes thou doest thy selfe great injury; have a strong desire to be cured, and a great con­ceit that thou shalt receive cure; deferre not too long before thou seekest out for helpe, venienti occurite morbo, for by this means many times, or through thy igno­rance in not taking notice of thy disease, and the danger of it, contempt, shame­fastnesse, [Page] supine negligence, extenuation, wretchednesse, and peevishnesse, they undoe themselves, and often out of a foo­lish humour of shamefastnesse, they will rather dye then discover their disease; on the other side doe not entertaine that foolish fancy of aggravating thy griefe, that upon every small passion, slight im­perfection, or petty impediment, if their finger doe but ake, presently runne, ride, send for the Doctor, and when he comes, all is not worth speaking of; be constant to him thou beginnest with, not changing upon with every slight occasion, or disli­king him upon every toy, aeger qui pluri­mos consulit medicos plerumque in errorem singulorum cadit; again, nihil ita sanitatem impedit ac remediorum crebra mutatio, nec venit valnus ad cicatricem in quo diversa me­dicamenta tentantur. I have known those that have been so much guilty of this, that when things have not fallen out ac­cording to their minde, or that they have not present ease, to run to another, and another, twenty, one after another, and [Page] they still promise all to cure them, try a thousand remedies, and by this means they encrease their mallady, and make it most dangerous and difficult to be cured. Be not bold in trying conclusions upon thy selfe without a Physitians advice and consent; if thou readest a receit in a book makes thee beleeve a certain cure, yet trust it not, for many instead of Physick, have this way taken poyson, operari ex li­bris absque cognitione & solerti ingenio peri­culosum est.

Thinke not the worse of the Artist if what he prescribes work not an immedi­ate effect, for divers things may hinder the operation of a well applyed medicine. 1. As if the Patient through the extra­ordinary corruption of his body, and the decay of the humidum radicale be come to the last period of his life. 2. The Ar­tist may chance to send his Bill to an un­known Apothecary, who through negli­gence or ignorance may alter the medi­cine. 3. The working of the medicine is hindred by the Patients staying too long [Page] before he seeks for helpe, and so the dis­ease hath got so much hold that it hath too much over mastred nature. 4. Because the Patient obeyeth not precisely the rules prescribed. 5. Because every body is not so fit to receive medicines at all times as may happen by the evill influ­ence of some star, or the naturall avers­nesse of the patient. 6. The miserable­nesse, and covetousnesse of the Patient, who thinks much to give or bestow any thing either upon the Artist, or upon him­selfe, when to say the truth, no wages is gotten more honestly, nor earned more painfully. 8. Imagination as I have told, is a main matter, for the conceit and con­fidence of the Patient towards the Artist, will forward or hinder the cure of a ma­lady. Possesse not thy selfe with an opi­nion, that many have who when they are sicke refuse to send for the helpe of the Artist, saying, That if their time be come they dye, that if they shall be ordained to cure, they shall be cured without the helpe of Art, and with Pliny say, Omnis [Page] morbus laethalis aut curabilis in vitam desinit aut in mortem. Ʋtroque igitur medicina inutilis, si laethalis curari non potest, si cura­bilis non requirit medium natura expel­let. But if this Dilemma should hold good, God had given the medicinall know­ledge in vaine, had also created divers things in vain which is not to be dispu­ted, for Physick is Donum Dei, and as great as any that ever God bestowed up­on man, and by it the life of man is pre­served, and the radical moisture nourish­ed, even as the fire is encreased and nou­rished by adding combustible matter. I shall not inlarge my self in discoursing the excellency of this Art, nor which of the three is most honourable, to wit, Phy­sick, Pharmacy, or Chyrurgery, but only adde thus much, that they are all three so depending one upon another, that they cannot be separated, and in times past they were all performed by one man, though now pride and idlensse hath made them three Professions; yet to say truly, whosoever professeth one, must be [Page] skilfull in the other two, else he cannot perform his work aright.

Now a word or two to the Reader concerning my writing this Book, and so I shall conclude, I know I must under­goe the censures of many; some will say, Why did I publish any thing in our mo­ther tongue concerning the Art of hea­ling, that it will not be accounted of any worth, because none will imagine that an Artist will publish his knowledge in so easie a way, that every one may be made as knowing as himself, and especi­ally in this scribling age, when there are so many Pamphlets of Physick, Surgery, Pharmacy, Receits, &c. thrust forth every day; as one very well said, Tenet insanabile multos scribendo Cacoethes. Indeed I must confesse, I do venture my credit upon a great uncertainty; but I must tell you, tnat perusing the books that have lately issued into the publike, I finde them so poor, barren, and indeed nothing at all to that purpose, they pretend by their titles, either some kinde of foolish Empericall [Page] receits collected out of old manuscripts, or else invectives against the divine Art of healing, and the sonnes thereof meerly out of a divilish minde, casting base scandalous aspersions upon that reverend Society of Professors, whereby ignorant people are extreamly abused; now that I might discover the errours and abuses which these base companions have hat­ched in these times, and withall consi­dering that bonum quo communius eo melius, I have taken the pains to publish this Book, wherein I have plainly and truly (though briefly discoursed) the most part of the practise of Chyrurgery in a more easie and certain way then ever yet was published in the English tongue, and that way which I my self used for seven years in these late unnaturall Civill-wars ac­cording to the method of our Ancients, not rejecting their medicines because they were old, and therefore obsolete, for by these few which I have here mentioned, being carefull and diligent, thou maist cure any wound, Ulcer, or Fistula that is [Page] curable by Art, without any new devises which many use, that they may be there­by counted famous, because they have something of their own invention which they count beyond any of Galen or Hippo­crates, to the overthrow, and utter undo­ing of many a person; and therefore I do with Dido Queen of Carthage, haud ignara malis miseris succurrere disco. But you will object, that I might as well have waved this imployment, being it is but actum agere, that there are divers elaborate pee­ces written by judicious men concerning this Art, so that what I have written is meerly stolne from others, the cream of other mens wit, flowers taken out of other mens gardens: Truly I cannot de­ny but for the most part it is, onely give me leave with Terence, Nihil dictum quod non dictum prius, methodus sola artificem ostendit, saith weckerus, so that I may justly say, Omne meum, nihil meum. I have la­boriously collected these few flowers into one bundle, the Composition onely mine, and after that manner as never any [Page] yet was published in English, though it is the true method of all our Ancient Ar­tists.

As for the rudenesse of the language, and the severall faults which some I know will finde with it; I answer onely thus, Non dubito multos lectores hic fore stultos, and a time may come wherein I may doe as much for them. Well be it how it will, when all is done, Laudamur ab his, culpa­mur ah illis, my great occasions employing me other wayes, were the cause that, Feci nec quod potui, nec quod volui; howso­ever let me desire the Reader to accept of my good will, who have not written, ad ostentationem, as I have before told you, and at the next impression I shall enlarge my selfe to the great benefit of the dili­gent Artist. Farewell.

VADE MECUM: OR, A Companion for a Chyrurgion.

THE Artist being armed with these and the like Instructions, let him bee provided with a hand­some Plaister Box, and Salvato­ry; his Instruments in his Plai­ster Box kept cleane, bright, and sharpe, his Salvatory furni­shed with these Unguents following, and his Plai­ster Box with these Instruments, viz.

  • An Incision knife
  • A paire of Sizzers
  • A Spatula
  • 2. Small Probes
  • An Uvula spoone
  • A Levatory
  • A capitall Instrument
  • A stitching quill with three square pointed needls of severall sizes, well set.
  • A Director.
  • A payre of Forceps.
  • A Spatula linguae.
  • A fleme.
  • A small rasour.

[Page 2]His Salvatory shall be furnished with these Un­guents following:

  • Basilicon,
  • Arcaeus liminent,
  • Golden Ointment,
  • Apostles Ointment,
  • Lucatullies Balsome,
  • Diapompholigos,
  • Nutritum,
  • Red desiccative,

In time of Warre let hrm provide these Instru­ments following, which are seldome used but then.

Crowes Bills, Terebellium, Catch Bullet streight and crooked, Incision sheeres, screw, probe.

His Study I would have furnished with these things following, that may be ready upon occasion.

  • A dismembring knife,
  • A Trafine,
  • A Headsaw,
  • A Dismembring saw,
  • A Speculum oris,
  • A Glyster siringe
  • A Cathaeter
  • Cupping glasses
  • Bloud porrengers
  • Spatula Mundana
  • Splintes
  • Junkes
  • A Speculum avi,
  • Cauterizing irons,
  • Large spatulaes,
  • Forceps for teeth, & a punch, a small siring.
  • Diet pot
  • Clyster pot
  • Mortar and pestle
  • Weights and scales
  • Searces, strayners.
  • Tape
  • Towe.
  • [Page 3]Spunges
  • Clouts
  • Rowlers
  • Thred and Needles to make rowlers
  • A case of Lancets alwaies ready in his pocket.
  • Stictick Paracelsus
  • Diacalciteos
  • Bettony plaister
  • Mellilote plaister
  • The lesser diachyl̄
  • Griseum
  • Oxycroceum
  • Great Diachylon with gums
  • Red lead plaister
  • Ceroneum
  • Vigoes great basilicon
  • Diasulphuris
  • Nicotian
  • Sir Philip Paris plaister.
  • Aegyptiacum
  • White ointment with Camphire
  • Populeon
  • Dialthaea
  • Hony and Soape
  • Arregon
  • Martiacum
  • Agrippae
  • Tutia
  • Spleene Ointment.
Oyles of
  • Roses
  • Dill
  • Camomile
  • Wormes
  • Lillies
  • Elder flow­ers
  • Rue
  • Pepper
  • Fox
  • Castoreum
  • Euphorbium
  • Linseed
  • Amber
  • Nutmegs chim
  • Costus
  • Waxe
  • St. Johns wort comp.
  • Egges
  • [Page 4]Whelps
  • Olives, Bayes
  • Sweet almonds
  • Bitter almonds
  • Vitrioll
  • Sulphur
  • Antimony
  • Myrtells
  • Origanum.
  • Brickes
  • Turpentine
  • Spike.
Waters of
  • Mints
  • Sassafras
  • Holy thistle
  • Triacle
  • Roses red, dam. white
  • Plantaine
  • Balme
  • Angelica
  • Wormwood
  • Anniseeds
  • Cinamon
  • Caelestiall Water
  • Doctor Stevens
  • Common Lotion.
  • Strong Lie
  • Vineger
  • Vineger of Roses
  • Ver juice
  • Spirit of Wine.
Syrups of
  • Wormewood
  • Lymons
  • Poppies
  • Roses solutine
  • Violets.
  • Diamoron
  • Sloes
  • Oxymel simple
  • Hony of Roses.
Conserves of
  • Red Roses, Sloes
  • Rosemary flowers
  • Borage flowers
  • Barberries
  • Quinces
  • Woodsorrel.
  • [Page 5]London Triacle
  • Venice Triacle
  • Diatessaron
  • Diaphaenicon
  • Confectio Alkermes
  • Electuary of the Egge
  • Mithridate.
  • Diacatholicon.
  • Diascordium
  • Laudanum Paracelsi
  • Philonium Romanum, & persicum.
  • Aureae sine quibus de Euphorbio.
  • Cochiae Ruffi de Euphorbio.
  • Confectio Hamech
  • Pulvis Arthreticus
  • Aloes simple, Jobeb.
  • Benedicta laxativa
  • Aloes Rosata
  • Rubarbe
  • Polypody
  • Harts horne casped
  • Harts horne burnt
  • Euphorbium
  • Saffron
  • China
  • Salsaparilla
  • Guiacum
  • Licorice
  • Juice of Licorice
  • Licorice powder.
  • [Page 6]French Barly
  • Anniseeds
  • Fennell seeds
  • Carraway seeds
  • Cummin seeds
  • Fenugreeke seed
  • White starch
  • Sugar
  • Nutmeggs
  • Myrrhe
  • Mastick
  • Pitch
  • Rosin
  • Turpentine
  • Wax, yellow and white
  • Harts suet
  • Hogs suet
  • Sperma Caeti
  • Dragons bloud
  • Cantharides
  • Bolus
  • Allome
  • Allome burned
  • Linseed
  • White copperas
  • Album Graecum
  • Wheat bran
  • Mildust.
Flower of
  • Beanes
  • Barly
  • Wheat.
  • Trochisks of red Lead
  • Praecipitate
  • Quicksilver
  • Lapis Medicamentosus
  • Burnt Copperas.


NExt I shall shew you how to use every seve­rall instrument before mentioned, together with the composition of all these rehearsed medi­cines, [Page 7] with the natures, qualities, and operati­ons of every one of them, according to the most approved Authours, and the best moderne pra­ctise.

Certaine instructions concerning the use of such instruments as I have mentioned in this Book.

And first of the Incision knife.

THe use of this instrument is to cut the skin, or flesh upon needfull occasions, in paring away the putrid part of a gangrenous member, after dismembring in making fontanella's, or issues, in opening apostemes, in scarifications, in using the cuppinglasse, &c.

Let this Instrument bee alwayes kept cleane and bright, by being rubbed dry after it hath been used, and sharp as any rasour. Let the Artist ever hide it from the Patients sight with a cloath, and also all other sharp Instruments, for divers reasons.

Of the ordinary Sizzers.

THe Sizzers be very usefull to cut cloath for Roulers, Lint, and Emplaisters, to cut, and clip off proud flesh, loose skin, putrid flesh, or ends of sinnews.

Of the Spatula.

THe Spatula is used to spread Emplaisters, to mingle your Unguents on your palme of your hand, to cover your Pledgets, also to mingle and stirre Unguents and Emplaisters in the composi­tion; and of these I wish the Artist to have divers sorts of severall sizes, of Iron and of wood kept very cleane and handsome.

Of the small Probes.

THe Probe cannot be missing in the Chyrur­geons Plaister-box, for without it can nothing be done artificially. The use of it is to arme the eye with soft lints, and with the other end to sound, or make probation of the depth of a wound: sometime the small end armed with lint, is dipped in some Oyle, or liquor, and conveyed into the bottome of an Ulcer, or Fistula, thereby to mun­difie, corrode, or heale the griefe, according as oc­casion shall offer it selfe.

Of the Uvula Spoone.

THis Instrument serveth so put pepper, Salt, and fine Bole in, and putting it under the U­vula, or pallate of the mouth, being fallen, and blowing the powder into the cavity behinde it throw the hollow pipe: It also serveth to warme a medicine in, as Unguents, to dip in Tents when [Page 9] you want an ordinary spoone, also to powre scal­ding Oyle, or liquor into a wound, whereto I do constantly use it in green wounds as hereafter you shall find in the ensuing discourse of curing of wounds.

Of the Levatory.

THe Levatory is a necessary Instrument to ele­vate a depressed Cranium, or Skull, but the Artist shall in no wise be over curious, or hasty in the using it; for if he see no evill symptomes ap­peare he may expect natures worke, by which he shall perceive the skull depressed to rise and scale admirably. It may also serve many times to take off a scale of a bone after amputation of the fingers, or toes.

Of the stitching Quill and Needles.

THese are instruments that cannot be missed in your Plaister-box; you shall therefore have in your stitching Quill at least three needles of seve­rall sizes or bignesse, with square points, well set, and ready armed with green, or red silk oyled, your needles alwayes kept oiled, and cleane from rust, in want of silk at any time upon necessity you may use thread, rubbing it with some kinde of emplaister: You must also have in your said stiching Quill a Taylors needle or two with thread to sow your rollers, & make them fast in the rolling of wounds, fractures, or dislocations.

Of the Director.

THe Director is an Instrument to guide and di­rect the Incision knife, in dilation or inlarging a wound, when you are neare any vessels. They are also used in cutting for the stone.

Of the Forceps.

THese are used to take of Emplaisters, Pledgets, and Tents, to take out a spill of a bone, to hold up any peice of superfluous flesh or skin, thereby, the better to cut it with the siz­zers, or incision knife, to take out any thing that may chance into the eare, nostrils, mouth, or throat, to take out a bullet lying within reach, or any thing that is offensive in a wound, and is an Instrument of continuall, and very necessary use in Chyrurgery.

Spatula Linguae.

THe Spatula linguae, or speculū linguae is much like an ordinary spatula at one end, only it is perfo­rated and cut through, the better to hold the tongue downe without slipping off; the other end is made to scrape the tongue that is furred in Feavers, Can­kers, or other affects of the mouth, it is used to hold downe the tongue when you inject any li­quor into the throat, or apply any medicine to the mouth or throat, or when you would make in­spection [Page 11] into the mouth or throat in any affects of the Uvula, or in Quinces, Cankers, or excoria­tions of the mouth or gums.

The Flegme

IS an Instrument used to open the gums, and se­parate them from the tooth you intend to pull out, compassing the tooth with the round sharpe end thereof close to the tooth, piercing deeper by little and little, untill you feele it as low as the jaw bone: Some use to open a veine with this instru­ment, but for mine owne part, I do, disalow it as very uncertaine, and dangerous for touching the Nerves, or greater, vessels.

Next we must look into the Salvatory to see what Ʋnguents we have there, to declare the Composition of them, their Vertues and Uses.

Of first of Basilicon.

BAsilicon is an Unguent used almost in all kinds of wounds, ulcers & apostumes, either per se or mixed with other unguēts, for it hath the vertue to heat, humect, and mitigate pain: it digesteth & in­carnateth wounds and ulcers, and suppurateth apo­stumes, either hot or cold, being somewhat thick [Page 12] spread upon cloath or leather, and it mitigateth the paine thereof. It is likewise very fitly used with Praecipitate, Aegyptiacum, or any corroding medi­cine, making them work with more case, and bet­ter mundifies: it is also good for burnings and scaldings; and is thus made.

  • ℞. Cerae flavae.
  • Resinae pinguis.
  • Picis graecae, of each half a pound.
  • Olei, two pounds four ounces.

Melt the Rosin and the Pitch, in the Oyle, then adde the Wax and boyle them to a just consistence.

Liniment of Arcaeus.

THis Arcaeus Liniment is a soveraigne balme, not to be sufficiently commended in all wounds whatsoever, especially in those of the head, where it doth, meerly of it selfe, all the intentions of healing, the Flux of bloud being first stayed; for it digesteth, mundifieth, incarnateth, and cleatri­zeth, it defendeth from accidents, and is very avo­dine: I have divers times applyed it mixed with other unguents to painfull ulcers, and fistula's with good successe: it is made as followeth.

  • ℞. Gummi elemni. Of each 1. ounce and halfe.
  • Teribinthinae abietinae. Of each 1. ounce and halfe.
  • Sevi veruecini antiqui & liquefacti, 2 ounces.
  • Pinguedinis Porcinae antique, & liquefactae, one ounce.

[Page 13]Dissolve the Gum in Sack, and evaporate the Sack, then put in the fats, and lastly the terebinte, and mingle them well together.

The golden Oyntment.

THis unguent is used to incarne wounds and ul­cers, being first mundified, and it is a most pre­cious balme to heale them; it is a good healer of burnings and scaldings, the fire first taken out; the composition is as followeth.

  • ℞. Cerae flavae, one pound.
  • Olei, two pound and halfe.
  • Terebinthinae, two ounces.
  • Resinae pinae Of each one ounce and halfe.
  • Coloplioniae Of each one ounce and halfe.
  • Thuris Of each one ounce.
  • Mastices Of each one ounce.
  • Croci, one dramme.

Dissolve the Mastick in Sack, then put in the Oyle, Rosin, Colophony, and Frankinsence, and when they are well melted scrape in the Wax, melt that, and then adde the Turpentine, and lastly the Saffron when you take it off.

Ʋnguent Apostolorum.

VVEE commonly use this Unguent to cleanse and scoure foule Ulcers and Fistula's, and to make a good ground for healing; it abateth spongeous flesh, and is of temperature hot and [Page 14] dry; and is made as followeth.

  • ℞. Terebinthinae Of each fourteen drams.
  • Resinae Of each fourteen drams.
  • Cerae albae Of each fourteen drams.
  • Ammoniaci Of each fourteen drams.
  • Rad. Aristolochiae longae of each six drammes.
  • Thuris masculi of each six drammes.
  • Bdellii of each six drammes.
  • Myrrhae, Galbani Of each halfe an ounce.
  • Oppoponax, Floris aeris Of each two drammes.
  • Lithargyti Nine drammes.
  • Olei, If it be Summer, two pounds,
  • If Winter, three pounds.
  • Aceti, as much as will suffice to dissolve the Am­moniacum, Galbanum and Oppoponax.
  • Make the Oyntment according to Art.

Lukatullies Balsome.

IT is good for burnes, inflammations, fresh wounds, ulcers, fistulaes, being powred in scald­ing hot; for so I use it to incarne fresh wounds. In bruises, ulcers of the reines, stone in kidneyes, or bladder, with difficulty of making water, I use to give one drachme in Sacke for bruises, in white wine for tha stone: it is made as followeth.

  • Olei, one pound and halfe.
  • Vini Hispanici, one pound.

Boyle them to the consumption of halfe the Sack, then scrape in

Cerae albae, three ounces.

Boyle them untill all the wine bee consumed: take it from the fire and put in


Venetae purae, washed in Rose water six ounces.

Boyle them a little, then take them from the fire, & sprinkle in half an ounce of red sanders in pow­der, and stir it until it be cold, lest the Sanders lye in the bottome.

Ʋnguent Diapompholigos.

IS good to heale painfull ulcers in any part of the body, especially of the yard, or betwixt glans and preputium, as also any fretting, or painfull ul­cers of the legges, or elsewhere. It is very much used before all other unguents in ulcers of the yard, and against all violent, painfull, and corrosive ul­cers, there is scarce a better knowne. In Noli me tangere in the face, it hath beene well experienced. and is very usefull in divers occasions: it is made as followeth:

  • Olei Rosati, sixteen ounces.
  • Succi Solavi, six ounces.

Boyle them until the juice be consumed: then adde

  • Cerae alba, five ounces.
  • Cerussae lotae, two ounces.
  • Plumbi usti & loti One ounce.
  • Pompholigos prae. One ounce.
  • Thuris puri One ounce.

[Page 16]Make them into the forme of an Unguent accor­ding to Art.

Unguent Nutritum, or Triapharmacum.

THis Unguent is used in curing Erisipula's, exco­riations, or bladderings of the skin, and such as are called the shingles It is good to take out the fire in burnings and scaldings, and it hindreth the falling downe of any moyst humour to any ulcer in any part of the body, being spread upon cap paper thin, and layd over the whole distempered part; also against any slight scabbiness or itching humour whencesoever it is. It is an especiall good defensative against any scalding, or vicious humour flowing to any ulcer; I do often mix it with other unguents in curing ulcers, the composition is as followeth.

  • Lithargyri auri, searced very fine, halfe a pound.
  • Olei Rosati one pound
  • Aceti foure ounces.

Put the Litharge into a morter, powre into it now a little Oyle, then a little Vinegar, working them up and downe very well, until the Litharge hath drunk up all the liquor, and come to the consistence of an Oyntment, and white.

Desiccativum rubrum

IS used to dry up and siccatrize ulcers, that by reason of their moisture are hard to siccatrize; [Page 33] it is used spread on Lint, either by it selfe, or mix­ed with a little Diapompholigos: it is thus made.

Olei Rosati omphacini, one pound and halfe.

Cerae albae, five ounces.

Melt them together, and put them into a leaden mortar, and sprinkle into them:

  • Terrae lemniae, or boli armeni of each foure ounces.
  • Lapidis calaminaris, finely beaten of each foure ounces.
  • Litargyri auri,
  • Cerussae, of each three ounces.
  • Camphorae, one dramme.

Worke them all very well together in the mor­tar to the forme of an Unguent.

These are for the Salvatory; next I shall shew you the making of the Emplaisters, and then take the rest in order.


And first of Sticticum Paracelsi.

IT is an admirable Emplaister for the curing wounds and stabbes, and also in the cure of all dangerous wounds whatsoever: it hath the prece­dence aswell for contused wounds, as incised; for it asswageth paine, defendeth from accidents, dis­cusseth, mollifieth, attracteth, incarneth, digesteth, consolidates, and is good for any old ache, procee­ding of a cold cause; it is especiall good for ulcers [Page 18] on the legges, or elsewhere, in any part of the bo­dy. It is very excellent in wounds of the head: it separateth the foule from the good flesh, as I have experienced in members amputated in the putride part, and hinders the growth of that which is naught.

It is a sure remedy for cut nerves, or bruised.

It drawes out iron, wood, or lead from wounds being only layd upon them.

It cures the biting and sting of venemous beasts, and drawes out the poyson.

It maturates apostumes of any sort, being layd upon them.

It is an especiall remedy against cancers, fistulaes, scrophula, Ignem Persicum.

It easeth all paines of wounds or strokes.

It is good for ruptures.

Where the head is, inflated shave away the hairs, and lay on this Emplaister and it cures it.

It easeth the paines the backe being applied.

It will last in full force at lean fifty yeeres: the composition which I use is thus made:

  • ℞ Minii of each halfe a pound.
  • Lapidis calaminaris of each halfe a pound.
  • Lithagyri auri & argenti of each three ounces.
  • Olei lini & olivi, of each one pound and half.
  • Olei laurini, halfe a pound.
  • Cerae, Colophoniae, of each one pound.
  • [Page 19]Vernicis, terebinthinae, of each half a pound.
  • Oppoponax of each three ounces.
  • Galbani of each three ounces.
  • Serapini of each three ounces.
  • Ammoniaci of each three ounces.
  • Bdellii of each three ounces.
  • Succini flavi of each, one ounce.
  • Olibani of each, one ounce.
  • Myrrhe Alexandrinae of each, one ounce.
  • Aloes epaticae of each, one ounce.
  • Aristolochiae longae, rotundae, of each, one ounce.
  • Mummiae transmarinae, of each one ounce and halfe.
  • Magnetis, Hematitis of each one ounce and halfe.
  • Corallorum alborum & rubeorum.
  • Matris Perlarum of each one ounce.
  • Sanguis Draconis of each one once.
  • Terrae medicatae strigensis of each one ounce.
  • Vitrioli albi of each one ounce.
  • Florum Antimonii two drammes.
  • Croci Martis as much.
  • Camphurae one ounce.

The maner of preparing it is thus.

THE five gummes must be steeped in Vi­neger, melted, and the Vineger evapora­ted, and the gummes strayned through a pretty thicke canvas, then boyled againe, and againe strayned; and because of the dregges [Page 36] which will be strayned out, therfore must the dose of your gummes bee increased: being thus used, let them bee put into a cleane pan, upon a gentle fire, untill they be thicke.

Put your Linseed oyle and Sallet oyle into ano­ther panne and put to them the litarge of gold and silver, and let them boyle ever stirring them, untill the oyle be coloured, then put in the Calaminaris in powder, and a little after adde the red lead wor­king them together for almost two houres, and un­till they be almost boyled enough, which you may prove by putting a drop upon your nayle, and if it congeale and run not abroad, then it is enough.

Then adde the vernish, oyle of bayes, waxe, and colophony, and when they be all well mixed, and melted, then warme your pan with the gummes, and presently poure into it all that is in the second pan, stirring it very fast, that it may incorporate as it runnes into the gummes, and let your panne stand all this while on warme coales, but beware of boyling, for then your gummes will goe one way, and your oyles another: afterwards put in the pouders by degrees, still stirring it for about an houre. Lastly, adde your Camphyre dissolved in oyle of Juniper; if it be too hard, then put in a little more waxe and Colophony.

Yon shall know when it is boyled enough, by putting a sticke with some drops of the Emplai­ster on it into cold water; if it be soft and sticke to [Page 37] thy fingers, then it must be boyled longer, untill it wax harder. Then take it from the fire, and poure it into a great vessell full of fayre water, and work it out with your hands anointed with the oyles of camomile, roses, juniper, earthwormes, Hiperi­con, of each a like quantity mingled together, work it thus about three or foure homes, and make it up in rowles, and keep them in soft leather.

In the composition of this Emplaister, you shall according to Paracelsus, observe three intenti­ons: viz.

1 The healing by reason of the waxe and Co­lophony.

2 The taking away of accidents, which is by gummes: viz. Oppoponax, Galbanum, Saga­penum, Bdellium, Ammoniacum.

3 The putrifaction (for there is no wound without accidents, but is subject to putrifaction, as wormes, and evill flesh growing up) which is taken away, and hindred by those things which doe so greatly consolidate, at the mastick, myrthe, and the like.

4 That the part be preserved from filth, sands, dry scales, cramp, convulsion, Rupor, and the like accidents, which is done through the strength of the minerall [...], to wit the Litharge, and Lead Anti­mony, Cerase, Merchas [...]e, Calaminaris, and the like. And so much comming concerning Pa [...] ­ [...]elsi.

Diacalciteos or Diapalma,

IS an Emplaister that mitigateth paine, and is a good defensative against all venemous hu­mours, and is used last in wounds, and ulcers, to induce a cicatrice, which it is very good for; also it hath a very good quality to asswage the pain in the small of the back, proceeding from distem­pered kidneyes comming of a hot cause, as well concerning the stone, and gravell, as in the gonor­rhea: and dissolved or relented with oyle of roses, or elders, or of linseed: it is a very good medicine to heale burnings and scaldings.

I doe use it in fractures after the first opening, covering the member at least two hands breadth upon the fracture, with the Emplaister spread up­on cloth, and in great inflammation in summer time, I doe dissolve it in oyle of roses, and so apply it to the fracture: it is thus made:

  • ℞ Axungiae porcinae insulsae, vetustae, à membranis purgatae, two pounds.
  • Olei veteris, argenti spumae ritae & cretae, of each three pounds.
  • Chalcitidis ustae levigatae, foure ounces.

Make it after this manner:

First boyle the litharge, oyle, and fat, a good while, ever stirring it with an oaken sticke newly cut, and the skin peeled off, and when it is grown [Page 23] thicke, then take it from the fire and put in the white vitrioll in want of true Chalcites, and work and incorporate them wel together, and thou shalt have a good Emplaister, which mus be cooled, and made up in rowles.

Emplaister of Bettony,

IS an especiall plaister for wounds in the head.

It is good in greene wounds and ulcers in any part of the body.

It mitigateth inflammation.

It detergeth, agglutinateth, and incarneth, and also cicatrizeth: and is thus made:

  • ℞ Succi Bettonicae Of each one pound.
  • Plantaginis Of each one pound.
  • Appii Of each one pound.
  • Cerae Of each halfe a pound.
  • Picis Of each halfe a pound.
  • Resinae Of each halfe a pound.
  • Terebinthinae Of each halfe a pound.

Boyle the Wax and Rosin in the juices, alwayes stirring them, untill the juices be wasted, then adde the Teribint and Pitch, incorporating them well, by stirring.

Emplaistrum Griseum, or of Lapis Calaminaris.

THis Emplaister I doe commonly use in healing Ulcers, which are hard to be cicatrized, and [Page 40] it is marvelous good in curing Buboes, as well Ve­neriall as Pestilentiall. It is also the most incarnative of any Emplaister that is in use. The composition is after this manner.

  • ℞. Lapidis calaminaris prae, one ounce.
  • Lithargyri, two ounces.
  • Caerussae, halfe an ounce.
  • Tutiae, one dramme.
  • Terebinthinae, six drammes.
  • Cerae albae, one ounce and halfe.
  • Sevi cervini, two ounces.
  • Thuris electi, five drammes.
  • Mastiches, three drammes.
  • Myrrhae, two drammes.
  • Caphurae, one dramme and halfe.
  • Cerae, & Sevi Cervini, as much as will serve of each to reduce the rest of the ingredients into forme of an emplaister.

Of the compound Mellilot Emplaister.

THis Emplaister is good in green wounds, for it draweth, and healeth well; also it attra­cteth and bringeth forward a cold apostume, and the Emplaister Mellilot Simplex, which is made of the juice of Mellilot, Camomile, and Wormwood, with Rosin, Turpentine, and Wax, is an especiall secret, and the best, and onlyest thing I ever knew in curing kybed heeles, and chilblaines, either bro­ken or before they are broken; I doe use it often [Page 41] upon gun-shot wounds to keepe the orrifice open, and to warme and comfort the part. The com­pound Emplaister is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Florum Meliloti, six ounces.
  • Florum Camomeli, Of each three drammes.
  • Seminis Faenugraeci, Of each three drammes.
  • Baccaram Lauri, Of each three drammes.
  • Radicum altheae, Of each three drammes.
  • Majoranae, Of each three drammes.
  • Comarum absinthii. Of each three drammes.
  • Sem. appii, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Ireos, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Cyperi, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Spicae nardi, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Cassiae ligneae, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Sem. ameos, Of each one dram and halfe.
  • Amoniaci, ten drams.
  • Styracis calamitae, Of each five drams.
  • Bdellii, Of each five drams.
  • Terebinthinae, one ounce and halfe.
  • Ficuum pinguium, N. twelve.
  • Sevi Hircini, Of each two ounces and halfe.
  • Resinae, Of each two ounces and halfe.
  • Cerae, six ounces.
  • Olei Sampsuchini nardini, Of each as much as shall suffice.
  • ℞. Meliloti novi, Of each as much as shall suffice.
  • & Fenugraeci, Of each as much as shall suffice.
  • & Camomeli, shall suffice.

[Page 26] Boyle them in two pound of water to the halfe, then straine them and put to the Liquor those of the former ingredients finely powdred, which are to be beaten, adding the roots, and Figs first boy­led and pulped; then boyle them againe continu­ally stirring them lest they burne; lastly adde your Oyles. Turpentine, Wax, Fat, and Rosin, all first melted together, and the gums dissolved in vinegar, and so boyle them altogether a little, incorporating them well with your spatula.

Of Dyachilon parvum.

THis Emplaister is very good to dissolve schir­rhous tumours of the Liver, spleen, reins, belly, or else where, as the composition will shew, being all of molifying and discussing ingredients; it ser­veth generally for hot or cold causes, but chiefly for hot. It is much used to womens brests in childbed, when they desire to dry up their milke, being spread upon linnen cloth, and applyed over all the brest, and towards the armepit. It is thus compounded.

  • ℞. Mucilaginis Faenugraeci, Of each 1 pound.
  • Sem. Lini, Of each 1 pound.
  • Rad. Altheae, Of each 1 pound.
  • Olei veteris clari, three pound.
  • Lithargyri, one pound and halfe.

Let the Litharge be finely beaten, and put to the Oyle, and boyled with a gentle fire, stirring it wel [Page 27] with a splatter, until they bee wel mixed, take them from the fire and let them coole a while, then powre into the pan your mucilages, and mingle them well, and boyle them to an Emplaister of good consistence.

Dyachilon magnum, with gummes.

THis Diachylon dissolveth, maturateth, and mollifieth hardnesses, and is principally good in apostumes; and is compounded after this man­ner:

  • ℞. Lithargyri auri tenuissime pulverissat, one pound.
  • Olei Irini Of each eight ounces.
  • Avethini Of each eight ounces.
  • Camomelini Of each eight ounces.
  • Mucilaginis rad. Altheae Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Sem. lini Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Fenugraeci Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Uvarum passarum Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Caricarium pinguium Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Icthyocollae Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Succi Ireos Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Scillae Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Oesypi vel Olei ex pedibus ovillis, Of each 12 drams and halfe.
  • Terebinthinae, three ounces.
  • Resinae pinae Of each two ounces.
  • Cerae flavae Of each two ounces.

[Page 44] Mingle them and make up your Emplaister, S. a. then ℞. these gummes following:

  • Bdellii Of each one ounce.
  • Sagapeni. Of each one ounce.
  • Amoniaci Of each one ounce.

Dissolve the gummes in Wine, straine them, and boyle them to the thicknesse of honey, and put them to the aforesayd lump of Emplaister: and so you have Diachylon magnum cum gummis.

Emplastrum Oxycroceum,

IS avodine, attracting, mollifying and comfor­ting; asswageth paines of the Gout proceeding of a cold cause, and is good in cold aches, and by the attracting vertue it hath, it draweth out va­pours, per poros cutis, or the sweat vents in the skinne, whereby it often unladeth the body of vi­cious and naughty humours, which otherwise might endanger the Patient. It is thus made:

  • ℞. Croci Of each foure ounces.
  • Picis navalis Of each foure ounces.
  • Colophoniae Of each foure ounces.
  • Cerae Of each foure ounces.
  • Terebinthinae Of each one ounce and three drammes.
  • Galbani Of each one ounce and three drammes.
  • Ammoniaci Of each one ounce and three drammes.
  • Myrrhae Of each one ounce and three drammes.
  • Olibani Of each one ounce and three drammes.
  • Mastices. Of each one ounce and three drammes.

[Page 45] Compound it after this manner: first melt your Wax, Colophony and Turpentine together, then take it from the fire, and put in the Pitch while it is yet hot, then adde your Galbanum ammonia­cum, Frankinscence and Myrrh dissolved in vine­ger; next put in your Mastich in fine powder, and lastly your Saffron steeped in vineger and pow­dred; and so make your Emplaister according to Art.

Emplastrum de minio.

THis red Lead plaister discusseth humours, as­swageth paines, mollifieth, repelleth; and is commonly used upon wounds and ulcers to fur­ther good healing, and induce a cicatrize; it is used in bruised and wrenched joynts, if you use Mr. GALES composition, which I have made use of severall times, and also both to mundifie, incar­nate and cicatrize.

The composition of the ordinary Minium Plaister sold in shops is as followeth:
  • ℞. Minii, nine ounces.
  • Olei Rosati, one pound and halfe.
  • Aceti vini albi, six ounces.

Boyle them to the just consistence of an Emplaister, let your red Lead be beaten, and fearced very fine, boyle your Oyle and vineger together till halfe the vineger be wasted, then put in your Minium, and boyle it til the vineger be quite consumed, and [Page 30] the Plaister looke blackish.

It is also prepared without Vineger in this manner.
  • ℞. Minii, one pound.
  • Olei Rosati, one pound and halfe.
  • Wax, foure ounces.

First put your Oyle on the fire with your Minium finely powdred, boyling it with stirring until the colour change to blackish, then slice in the Wax, and boyle it to the just consistence.

The other of Vigoe is thus:
  • ℞. Olei Rosati oderiferi, one pound and halfe.
  • Olei myrtini, Of each foure ounces.
  • Unguenti populei, Of each foure ounces.
  • Pinguedinis Gallinae, two ounces.
  • Sevi castrati, Of each halfe a pound.
  • Vaccini, Of each halfe a pound.
  • Axungiae porcinae, seven ounces.
  • Lithargyri auri argenti, three ounces and half.
  • Cerussae, foure ounces.
  • Minii, three ounces.
  • Teribinthinae, ten ounces.
  • Cerae, as much as shall suffice.

Melt all your fats in your Oyles, then put in your mineralls finely fearced, and boyle them untill they begin to turne blackish, then adde your Turpen­tine and Populeon, and lastly scrape in your Wax and boyle it up.

Emplaistrum Ceroneum.

THis Emplaister is very good against any griefe of the shoulders, or breast; it easeth the Liver, Spleene, and guts, helpeth the three sorts of Drop­sies; cures the paines of the upper guts, and the extreame fits of the Collick; comforts the reines, and bladder; applyed to the Loines and breast of­ten, it amendeth the distempers of them, it availeth much in the griefes of the matrix; it helpes the Gowt, Sciatica, and paine in the joynts; apply it to the stomack of those that have cold Feavers, and it helpes them; it cures the bitings of mad Dogs, and the stingings of Serpents, Snakes, or other ve­nomous creatures, and is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Picis (Navalis i. ex navibus vetustis derasae quae multiplicem aquae marinae loturum sunt expertae.)
  • Cerae flavae illotae, of each seven drams.
  • Sagapeni, six drams
  • Ammoniaci Of each foure drams.
  • Terebinthinae Of each foure drams.
  • Colophoniae Of each foure drams.
  • Croci Of each foure drams.
  • Aloes Of each foure drams.
  • Thuris masculi Of each three drams.
  • Myrrhae Of each three drams.
  • Stiracis Calamitae
  • Mastiches
  • [Page 48]Oppoponacis Of each two drams.
  • Galbani Of each two drams.
  • Alluminis Of each two drams.
  • Sem, Fenugreci Of each two drams.
  • Confitae i. faecis liquidae Styracis
  • Bdelli, of each one dram.
  • Lithargyri, halfe a dram.

The manner of compounding I need not set down, because there is not any ingredient in this, nor any the ensuing Emplaisters which is not repeated in the former Recipes, with the ordering of them se­verally.

Basilicon magnum Vigo.

THis Emplaister of Vigo I have found singular for fresh cuts, and very incarnative in Ulcers, and all sorts of wounds; and is good in fractures after the seventh day, and is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Pinguedinis porcinae
  • Sevi vitulini
  • Castrati, of each halfe a pound.
  • Sevi Hircini
  • Vermium terrest. prae.
  • Picis navalis.
  • Resinae pineae, of each two ounces.
  • Olei Rosati, eight ounces.
  • Succi mellifolii
  • Caprifolii, of each three ounces.
  • Foliorum & sem. Hyperici, of each one handful.

[Page 33] Seeth them untill the Juices be wasted, then strain them and put to the Liquor,

  • Terrae sigilatae, finely beaten. of each one ounce and half
  • Lithargyri utriusque, of each three ounces and halfe.

Seeth them, ever stirring them untill they become blackish, and then adde to them,

  • Terebinthinae opt. six ounces.
  • Mastiches tenuis. pulv. ten drams.
  • Cerae albae, as much as shall suffice.

And boyle it to an Emplaister, or cerot, which you will, for indeed VIGO calls it a cerot, but I use to put in as much wax as will make it an Em­plaister.

Emplaistrum Diasulphuris.

THe Emplaister Diasulphuris is most excellent in the cure of all ulcers, of what sort soever, and is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Olei Sulphuris, three ounces.
  • Cerae, halfe an ounce.
  • Colophoniae, three drams.
  • Myrrhae, as much in weight as all the rest.

Melt the Wax and Colophony in the Oyle, and mix them well, then sprinkle in your Myrrhe fine­ly powdred, and boyle them with a gentle fire, ever stirring it with a spatula untill they are well [Page 50] mingled, then take it from the fire and make it up.

Emplaistrum necotiani.

THis Emplaister is hot and drye, it digesteth, resolveth, and dryeth up humours that are cold, moyst, thick, and clammy in the Scrophula, and other hard tumours springing from a cold cause; it mightily softens and resolves the Strumae, and all other hard tumours having their beginning from cold humours. The composition follows.

  • ℞ Succi Necotianae majoris, halfe a pound.
  • Succi absinthii pontici majoris, three ounces.
  • Oleorum hyperici
  • Irini vel sambuci, of each one ounce and halfe.
  • Foliorum absinthii pontici majoris
  • Prunellae
  • Scrophulariae majoris matthioli, of each one handfull.
  • Vini albi, one ounce and halfe.

Boil them altogether to the consumption of almost all the wine, and juices in a vessel of brasse, always stirring it with a wooden spatula, then straine it in a presse, then melt together these things follow­ing:

  • Cerae flavae, foure ounces.
  • Sevi Hircini
  • Terebinthinae, of each two ounces.
  • Mastices of each one ounce finely powdred.
  • Myrrhae of each one ounce finely powdred.
  • Thuris, of each one ounce finely powdred.

[Page 51] and put them all together to the other Liquor, and boyle them a little, then coole it, and make it up.

Sir Philip Paris Emplaister,

THis Emplaister is excellent for divers things, if you lay it upon the stomack it provoketh appetite, and taketh away any griefe from the same; layd to the belly, it easeth the Collick spee­dily, layd to the reignes it stoppeth the bloudy flux, running of the reines, heat of the kidneys, and weaknesse of the back; it healeth swellings, aches, bruises; it breaketh fellons, and aposthumes, and healeth them; it draweth out humours without breaking the skin: it healeth the diseases of the fundament: layd upon the head it helpeth the head-ach, uvula, and eyes: layd to the belly, it provoketh the months, and apteth the matrice for conception. The composition is as followeth:

  • ℞. Olei communis, two pounds.
  • Minii of each one pound beaten small.
  • Cerussae of each one pound beaten small.
  • Saponis castiliani. twelve ounces.

Incorporate these well together in an earthen pan, Well glased before you put them to boyle, then put them upon a gentle fire of coales for one houre, e­ver stirring it with a spatula, then encrease fire till the red turne grayish, continuing your stirring; drop a little upon a trencher, if it cleave not there­to, [Page 36] then it is enough; dip linnen cloathes therein and smoth them with a sleekstone, the rest make up in rolles, it wil last twenty yeares.

Let the Artist observe a true boyling of all Em­plaisters; for over much boyling not onely makes the Emplaister too hard, but also evaporates the vertues of divers ingredients: likewise, too little boyling doth not incorporate them, neither will they stick upon the place, besides the inconvenience of carrying them; let all your gummes in any Em­plaister be finely powdered, dissolved in sacke or Vineger, and strained through a canvas, and the vi­neger or sacke evaporated at the fire, and then put to the rest, where turpentine or saffron are added it must be when the rest are boyled enough, giving them but two or three walmes after you have put them in; and with those emplaisters which I have heere set downe, you need not feare to dresse any wound whether incised or contused, or any ulcer of what sort soever.

Next I shall shew you what oyles and unguents it is needfull to have in readines for store, and how [...]ou shall make them, and they are these.

  • Aegyptiacum,
  • Album camphoratū,
  • Populeon,
  • Mel saporis,
  • Dialthaea,
  • Arregon,
  • Martiatum,
  • Agrippa,
  • Tutia,
  • Spleneticum.

And first of Aegyptiacum.

THis unguent doth scoure and mundifie all rot­ten ulcers, and is best used scalding hot, for then the usuall paine and corrosion it procureth wil be the sooner past over; in like manner, it is to be used in any venomous wounds made either with poysoned shot, or bitten with mad dogs, or any o­ther venomous creature, or in great contused wounds, wherein for preventing them from the feare of a gangrene it excelleth; it serveth also to be used alone, or mixed with any lotion for ulcers of the mouth or throat, especially in the scurvy. This unguent dryeth vehemently, and is abstersive of temperament hot and dry, and is made as fol­loweth:

  • ℞. Eruginis, five drams.
  • Mellis, fourteen drams.
  • Aceti fortis, seven drams.

Boyle them altogether to an oyntment thick and red.

Album Camphoratum.

THe white oyntment with Campheire is good to coole and heale any hot moyst pustles; it cu­reth excoriation of the skin in any place, but chief­ly in the yard, betwixt glans and praputium; it also healeth burnings and scaldings very well, and is good to be applyed to any painfull ulcer, for it [Page] asswageth paine, and healeth well; it is cold, avo­dine, molificative, and attractive. It is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Olei Rosati, nine ounces.
  • Cerussae bonae in aqua rosarum lotae, 3 ounces.
  • Cerae albae, two ounces,

Make it into an oyntment according to Art, if you will have it with Camphire, then adde to this pro­portion of Camphire two drams.

Ʋnguentum Populeon.

THis Oyntment serveth well to asswage the paines of the Scurvy, by annoynting the parts grieved therewith, it asswageth paine in any part of the body, and it easeth the dolour of a caustick medicine by being applied cold upon a plegent to the place grieved: It procures sleepe in Fevers, if you annoynt the temples, palmes of the hands, and soles of the feet therewith: it is cold and moyst, and is made as followeth.

  • ℞ Occulorum populi arboris one pound and halfe.
  • Recentium one pound and halfe.
  • Axungiae porcinae recentis & insulsae three pounds.

Beat the buds and macerate them in the greace un­till such time as you may get these herbs following

  • Foliorum papaveris nigri
  • Mandragorae
  • Cimarum rubri tenerimarum
  • [Page 55]Foliorum hyosciami, of each three ounces.
    • Solavi, of each three ounces.
    • Lactucae, of each three ounces.
    • Vermicularis, of each three ounces.
  • Sedi seu sempervivi majoris, of each three ounces.
  • Violarum, of each three ounces.
  • Umbilici Veneris, of each three ounces.
  • Burdanae, of each three ounces.

Beat them all and mingle them with the fat, and buds, and so let them stand ten dayes, then powre to them a pint of Rosewater, and boyle them with a gentle fire until the water and all the Liquor be consumed; coole it a little, and strayne it, and if need bee boyle it againe untill it come to an oint­ment. In want of Mandrake take a double quan­tity of Henbane.

Unguentum Dialthaea.

THE Unguent of Draschaea, or Marshmallows is good against all paines of the breast, of a cold cause, and against the plurisie; it warmeth, mollifieth, and comforteth all parts of the body, which are evill disposed through cold infirmities; it is good against stiffenes, and paines in the joints in the scurvey. It is good for cut nerves, paines in the sides, and hardnesse of the sinewes, and is reso­lutive: and is thus made.

  • ℞. Radicum altheae, two pounds.
  • Sem. Lini,
  • [Page 40]Faenugraeci, of each one pound.
  • Scillae pulpae, halfe a pound.
  • Olei, foure pounds.
  • Cerae, one pound.
  • Terebinthinae of each two ounces.
  • Gummi hederae of each two ounces.
  • Galbani of each two ounces.
  • Colophoniae Of each halfe a pound.
  • Resinae Of each halfe a pound.

Let the Roots be well washed and bruised, as also the Fenugreeck seed Linseed, and sea Onion, and then put them to macerate for three dayes in eight pound of water, the fourth day boyle them, and straine out the Muscilage, or thick slime, and the,

  • ℞. of this Muscilage, two pounds.

And boyle it with the Oyle, until the juyce be con­sumed, then put in the Wax, Rosin, and Colopho­ny, and when they ate melted, adde your Turpen­tine, lastly your Galbanum and Gum of Ivy dis­solved in vineger must be put in, and so boyle them all a little, then take it from the fire and stirre it until it be almost quite cold, that all may well be incorporated together.

Mel saponis.

THis is made of Hony and Sope mixed together of each equall parts, and is applyed for the first medicine to burnings or scaldings to take out the fire, and is for that purpose exceeding good.

Ʋnguentum Arregon.

THis Oyntment is called one of the foure hot Oyntments, and is generally good against all cold affects of the outward parts of the body; it much warmeth and comforteth the sinews; it is good against Convulsions, and Cramps; it is good to annoynt the ridge bone of the back, and the Parts neare the kidneys against the pains there­of, and also to annoynt the stomack and belly, upon any cold griefe; it is also good to annoynt the body of them which have the quartane Feaver, the falling sicknesse, the paines of the joynts, and the like cold diseases: and is thus made:

  • ℞. Rosmarini, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Majoranae, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Serpylli, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Rutae, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Rad. Ari, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Rad. cucumeris agrestis, of each foure ounces and halfe.
  • Fol. Lauri, Of each foure ounces.
  • Salviae, Of each foure ounces.
  • Rad. bryoniae, Of each foure ounces.
  • Pulicariae, Of each foure ounces.
  • Laureolae, nine ounces.
  • Fol. cucumeris asinini,
  • Nepetae, of each halfe a pound.

Let all these be gathered in the month of May, and [Page 59] wel cleansed, and beat them green, and macerate them seven dayes in six pound of the best Oyle and one pint of Aqua vitae, then boyle them until they be shrunke, and the water consumed, then straine the Oyle in the which you shal melt these things following.

  • Cerae, sixteene ounces.
  • Adipis Ursini
  • Olei Laurini, of each three ounces.
  • Olei Moschelini, halfe an ounce.
  • Petrolci, one ounce.
  • Butyri, foure ounces.

work these all well together, then strow into them these powders following.

  • Mastiches, of each one ounce.
  • Olibani, of each one ounce.
  • Pyrethri, of each one ounce.
  • Euphorbii, of each one ounce.
  • Zinziberis, of each one ounce.
  • Piperis, of each one ounce.

These being all finely powdred, must be sprinkled into the former, and so reduced into the forme of an Unguent.

Ʋnguent Martiatum.

THis Unguent as it is composed of many ingre­dients, so it is good for many griefes: for it discusseth cold causes in the head, sinewes, and joints; it removeth paine from the breast, and stomacke proceecing from cold, it pre­vayleth [Page 58] against convulsions, it helpeth the resolu­tion of the sinewes, dead palsie, and the hip-gout, the gout in the hands, or feet, and other joints of the body; it mollifieth hard pustles and tumors in the flesh; it asswageth the hard swellings of the li­ver and spleene, easeth the paine in the small gutts, and cureth the ach in the reines, and is chiefly used in Dropsies, and affects of the spleene: and is thus made.

  • ℞. Fol. Lauri, of each eight ounces.
  • Rorismarini, of each eight ounces.
  • Rutae, seven ounces.
  • fol. tamarisci, six ounces.
  • Ebuli
  • Esbrii, vel Majoranae
  • Sabinae
  • Balsamitae, vel menthae aquaticae
  • Salviae
  • Ocymi
  • Polii montani
  • Calaminthae
  • Artimesiae
  • Enulae
  • Betonicae
  • Brancae ursinae
  • Spargulae vel aparines
  • Herbae venti,
  • Vel parsetariae
  • Pimpinellae
  • Agrimoniae
  • Absinthii
  • Herbae Paralyseos
  • Herbae sanctae Mariae
  • Cymarum sambuci
  • Crassulae majoris
  • Sempervivi
  • Millefolii
  • Chamedryos
  • Centaurii minoris
  • Quinque nervii, i. Plan­taginis majoris
  • Fragariae
  • Tetrahit
  • Quinque folii,

Of each of these foure ounces and halfe.

  • [Page 44]Radic. Altheae, of each three ounces.
  • Sem. Cymini, of each three ounces.
  • Myrrhae, of each three ounces.
  • Fenugraeci, one ounce and halfe.
  • Sem. Urticae majoris
  • Violarum
  • Papaveris rubri
  • Mentastri
  • Menthae Satinae
  • Acetosae
  • Pollitrichi
  • Carduncelli
  • Matrisylvae
  • Butyri, ten drams.
  • Adipis Ursini, Of each one ounce.
  • Gallinacei, Of each one ounce.
  • Mastiches, Of each one ounce.
  • Thuris, Of each one ounce.
  • Olei Nardini, two ounces.
  • Cerae, two pounds.
  • Maturellae
  • Herbae moschatae
  • Alleluiae
  • Linguae Cervinae
  • Crispulae
  • Camphoratae
  • Medullae Cervinae
  • Styracis calamitae
  • Of each half an ounce.

Your herbs being all fresh shall be shred, and infu­sed seven dayes in eight pound of Oyle, and odori­ferous Wine, on the eighth day boyle them to the consumption of the Wine, coole it a little and straine it; then put in againe your Oyle into the pan and heat it on the fire gently, and being pretty warme put into it your butter, suet, fats, oyle, and wax, next your storax dissolved in Wine, and a little Turpentine mingled with it, then powder [Page 45] your Mastick, Myrrh, and Frankinsence, and sprin­kle them into the rest, then mingle and incorporate them all well together with a spatula, and put them up.

Ʋnguentum Agrippae.

THis Oyntment is good against the Dropsie, affects of the spleene, and paine in the belly; it doth mollifie, attenuate, divide, and dissipate Oedemata corporis, as saith PHILLIP BARROVV; it is good in old affects of the sinews, easeth paine of the kidneys, and by annoynting looseth the bel­ly. It is thus made.

  • ℞. Rad. Bryoniae, two pounds.
  • Rad. Cucumeris agrestis, one pound
  • Scillae laminarum, halfe a pound.
  • Rad. Ireos recentis, three ounces.
  • Rad. filicis maris, of each two ounces
  • Ebuli, of each two ounces
  • Tribuli aquatici, vel Ari, of each two ounces

Beat them all fresh, and steep them in foure pound of white sweet Oyle the space of six or eight dayes, then boyle them with a gentle fire, untill the roots begin to shrink, then straine them, and put to your Oyle of white wax ℥vx. and melt them together to the consistence of an Unguent.

Ʋnguentum Tutiae.

THis Oyntment is a good drier, and is used in di­stillations of the eyes, and is astringent, cooling, stopping, and filling up. It is thus made.

  • ℞. Tutiae praeparatae, two ounces.
  • Lapidis calaminaris saepius usti & in aqua plan­taginis extincti, one ounce.

Powder them very fine, then take.

  • Axungiae porcinae, one pound and halfe.

Wish it in Rose water three or foure times, then put into it your powders, and worke them well together to an oyntment. Instead of hogs grease you may make the oyntment with unguent of Ro­ses, and that wilbe the best.

Ʋuguentum Splenicum,

IS used in affects of the spleene, and very necessa­ry to be in readinesse, and is made as followeth:

  • ℞. Olei Capparum, one ounce.
  • Olei Lilliorum, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Chamomelini, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Butiri recentis, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Succi brioniae, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Cyclaminis, of each halfe an ounce.

Boyle them to the consumption of the juices, and then adde these things following.

Ammoniaci aceto soluti, two drams and halfe.

  • Pinguedinis gallinae, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Medullae cruris vituli, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Oesypi, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Corticum rad. tamarisci, of each one dram.
  • capparum, of each one dram.
  • Ceterach, of each one dram.
  • Rad. filicis, of each one dram.
  • Pulv sem. Agnicasti, of each one scruple.
  • Genistae, of each one scruple.
  • Cerae, as much as will serve to make them up in the forme of an Unguent.

These are all Unguents very necessary for a Sur­geon to have continually in store, for with these he may be able through his owne practice to dresse a­ny wound, from the first to the last. Next wee wil looke what Oyles are fitting to be had, and those I conceive may be such as follow, that is,

Oyle of Roses.

THis Oyle is avodine, and doth refrigerate, and corroborate, and therefore is good against hot diseases, as Erysepilas &c. also with Mel Rosarum, it is a good balme for wounds in the head, and else­where, and hath divers other worthy uses in Chy­rurgery, and is thus made.

  • ℞. Oyle Olive, one pound.

In the which you shal infuse foure ounces of red Roses (gathered, blowne and stamped in a mortar) in a glasse vessel, and set them in the Sun for seven [Page 48] or eight dayes; then boyle it a little, and straine it, and adde as many more Roses, and Sunne and straine them as you did the former, shaking them every day; do thus three severall times, but let the last infusion stand forty dayes in the Sunne, and then you may either set them up so, or straine them out which you will.

Oyle of Dill,

IS avoydine and comforting; it concocteth crude tumours, causeth sleep, mitigateth the head-ach, refresheth the wearied members, strengthneth the sinewes, discusseth winde, is profitable for Con­vulsions, and asswageth aches, easeth paines, and hath many other good uses: and is thus made.

℞. Oyle Olive one pound.

Flowers and leaves of Dill foure ounces. Make three severall infusions, as you did your Ro­ses, to the last infusion you shall put foure ounces of the juice of Dill, and boyle the Oyle gently un­til the juice be consumed.

Oyle of Camomile.

OYle of Camomile resolveth moderately, and calefieth by annoynting the parts grieved; it is good for the Collick, Stone, wearinesse, and for Aches, Feavers, and for all other things with the former; it is also very convenient in Clysters for all gripings and torsions of the guts, and yieldeth [Page 49] grtat comfort to the intrayles by the good odour and warmth thereof. It is made by infusion forty dayes, with the flowers and oyle olive, as before you did your Dill.

Oyle of Wormes.

THis oyle of Earth-wormes helpeth the aches of the joints, in any part of the body and doth strengthen and comfort well the sinewes weak­ned and pained; and is good against convulsions, and cramps, and is also a good balme for wounded sinewes, and is made as followeth.

℞ Vermium terrest [...]ium, halfe a pound. wash them well in white wine, and then put to them

  • Olei communis, two pounds.
  • Vini, eight ounces.

Boyle them in a well g [...]afed vessell, untill the wine be consumed, then strain it, and put it up.

Oyle of Lillies.

THis oyle doth moderately warme, and resolve, asswageth paine, mollifieth hard tumors, doth much mitigate the violence of diseases, and is very effectuall against paines of the breast and stomacke, and allayeth all the inordinate heat of the reins and bladder, and is good with other unctious things to be used to anoint the lower parts of women in tra­vell; it is made as your former oyles of Lillie flow­ers [Page 50] and oyle, but the yellow spikes in the middest of the flowers must be throwne away.

Oyle of Rue,

IS good for the paine in the knees, and greines, for the gowt, paine of the head and midriffe, sprung from a hot and dry cause. It warmes and comforts the bladder, matrice and sides, and helps their griefes, and is made of rue bruised, and oyle olive, as oyle of roses is made.

Oyle of Pepper.

OYle of pepper is good in any cold griefe of the nerves, as the palsie, cramp, convulsion, trembling, and luxation; it helpeth the falling sicknesse, hip-gowt, and paines in the joints; it ea­seth the paines of rhe backe, and cholicke, opens obstructions, and wonderfully helpes the matrice; by calefying it and drying up the humidity therof; it helpeth the cold griefes of the fundament, the diseases of the kidneyes and bladder, and breakes the stone, and is made as followeth.

  • ℞ Piperis longi, of each three drammes.
  • Nigri, of each three drammes.
  • Albi, of each three drammes.

  • Chebularum of each five drammes.
  • Belliricarum of each five drammes.
  • Emblicarum of each five drammes.
  • Indarum, of each five drammes.
  • [Page 51]Rad. Apii, of each three drammes and halfe.
  • Faeniculi, of each three drammes and halfe.
  • Sagapeni, of each two drammes and halfe.
  • Opoponacis, of each two drammes and halfe.
  • Ammoniaci, of each two drammes and halfe.
  • Hyosciami, of each two drammes and halfe.
  • Turpeti, two drammes.
  • Zinziberis, th ee drammes.
  • Surculorum Thymi recencium of each one handfull
  • Rutae viridis, of each one handfull

steepe them according to Art in sufficient quantity of Aquavitae, and oyle of walflowers, two pound, then boyle them to the consumption of the Aqua vitae.

Oyle of Fox.

THis Oyle is good for paine in the joints, gowt, sciatica, and cureth the ache of the kidneyes and backe, and is compounded after this maner.

℞ The fattest Fox you can get of a middle age, and well hunted, and newly kild, and garbish him quickly, and fley him, and cut him in small pieces, and break all his bones well, then boyle him in

  • White wine and
  • Spring water, six pound.

Let him boyle thus untill halfe the liquor bee wast­ed, very well scumming it at the first boyling, then put into the vessell.

  • [Page 52]Olei antiqui dulcissimi, four pounds.
  • Salis communis, three ounces.
  • Florum salviae,
  • Thymi, of each one pound.

Then boyle it againe untill almost all the water be consumed, and then powre into it eight pound of water wherein hath beene well boyled one good handful of Dill, and another of Time, then boyle them altogether her with an easie fire untill all the wa­ter be wasted, then straine it, and separate the oyle from the moysture, and keep it for thy use.

Oyle of Castoreum.

THE oyle of Castoreum, or Beaver-cod is good in all cold affects of the braine and nerves, if you anoint the backe bone with it, it will cure the extreame shaking of Agues; it avayleth much in the palsie, cramp, convulsions, and all joint ache; the composition is as followeth.

  • ℞. Castorei, Of each three drams.
  • Stiracis Calamitae, Of each three drams.
  • Galbani, Of each three drams.
  • Euphorbii, Of each three drams.
  • Cassiae ligneae, Of each three drams.
  • Croci, Of each three drams.
  • Opoponacis, Of each three drams.
  • Carpobalsami sive cubebara, Of each three drams.
  • Spicae nardi, Of each three drams.
  • Costi, Of each three drams.
  • [Page 53]Cyperi Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Scaenanthus, Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Piperis longi, Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Nigri, Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Sabinae, Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Pyrethri, Of each two drams and halfe.
  • Olei, three pounds.
  • Vini Hispanici, two pounds.

Dissolve the Galbanum and Oppoponax in the Sack, and beat all the rest, and put them and the Oyle altogether into the Sack, and boyle them in a dou­ble vessel; then straine them, and put to the Liquor the Gummes being dissolved, and strained, and boyle them againe often stirring them, that the Gums may not stick in the bottome; let the storax be dissolved in wine by it selfe, and then put to it one dram and a halfe of Turpentine, and so mingle them altogether.

Oyle of Euphorbium

OYle of Euphorbium is very excellent in all cold griefes of the Nerves, and pains in the joynts caused by cold, it helpeth the pains of the Liver, and spleen, and is a good head purge against the me­grim, Lethargy, and swimming in the head, and is thus made.

  • ℞. Stavidis agriae, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Struthii vel saponariae, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Pyrethri, six drammes.
  • [Page 54]Calaminthes Montani siccae, one ounce & half.
  • Costi, ten drammes.
  • Castorei, five drammes.

Bruise them and macerate them three daies in three pintes and a halfe of sweet wine, then boyle them with one pint and a halfe of the oyle of wall gilly-flowers untill the wine bee almost wasted, then sprinkle into it of white fresh Euphórbium finely powdred halfe an ounce. Mingle them well toge­ther, and boyle it to the just consistence.

Oyle of Amber.

THis Oyle is made by distillation, and is very good for the pain of the head, resolution of the sinnewes, and falling evil, if one drop or two be taken with water of Betony or Lavender, or in fair water it preserveth from poyson, and mixed with parsley water, or malmsey, it is a singular remedy in discussing diseases of the Reines and Bladder, bringing foorth the stone, and opening the passage of the urine; it profiteth in the Collick and stran­gullion; four drops put into a little Angelica wa­ter, and so given to a woman in travel, refresheth all the weake faculties of the body, confirmeth and openeth the braine; and is extolled by CROL­LIUS for the admirablest medicine in the Apo­plexy and Epilepsie; also for the Plague, if one drop be rubbed on the nosthrils morning and eve­ning, it preserveth the party; to one infected it is [Page 55] given from one scruple to two in Cardus water; you may also make up little cakes with sugar and some appropriate water, as Lavender water, beto­ny water, water of liv'd flowers, and mingle with it some few drops of this oyle, and let them be eat­en by those that have the palsie, apoplexy, or fal­ling sicknesse: In the fit of any of the aforesayd diseases, it is good to anoint the nape of the necke, and nosthrils, or to cast a drop or two upon the coals, and hold the patients head over them: if you anoynt a few drops of it upon the breast, and no­sthrils of women affected with the diseases of the mother, it helpeth it and keepeth it in its place, and this the aforesayd cakes will doe being eaten: it is availeable in fainting, or the passion of the heart; in agues three drops being taken in Cardus water at the comming of the fit, and so sweat upon it, and the ague wilbe gone: it is good to dry a catarrhous rheume: it cures the toothache, proceeding from cold defluxions, if you mingle it with plantain wa­ter, and gargarise it. In the yellow jaundise given with water of endive, chicory, or selandine; in re­tention of womens months seven or eight drops in balme water helpeth: in vomiting of bloud three drops given in colts foot water, turmentill water, or water of sloes it stayeth it; it cures the vertigo in the head, the megrim, and astonishtnes; taken in fennel water it mendeth the sight, and it helpeth the stitch in the side, and is thus made.

[Page 56]℞. Amber powdered, twelve drammes. Put it into a large glasse, or a retort, and powre to it as much of the sharpest white wine vineger, let them digest in horsedung for eight dayes, then put to it twice so much dry sand or stints out of the ri­ver beaten to powder, and distill it according to Art with your retort in sand, increasing your de­grees of fire as you see cause. This oyle must be re­ctified out of sand or salt, and then washed with raine water.

Oyle of Nutmegs.

THis oyl being drunk with wine driveth down womens months, and also the quick and dead fruit; the same it doth if it bee given in a spoone with a little sugar; being taken with wine it takes away all paines of the head comming of cold; it comforts the maw, and opens the liver, milt, and kidneyes; it is excellent against beating of the heart, and faintnesse and swounding, if yee drinke thereof, and anoint the region of the heart there­with; it makes good bloud, and expelleth flegma­ticke and melancholick humours, and makes a man merry; being used at night it takes away all fan­cies and dreames: if any had a wound or a broken ribbe by a fall or stroke let him drink this oyl with any wound drinke, and it will help marvellously: it is good in all filthy sores, and for all cold disea­ses of the joynts and sinewes; it makes sweete [Page 57] breath, it helpes the spleene if the left side bee a­noynted; it helps all affects of the bladder if it bee drunke, and is thus made.

  • ℞ Nucis moschatae contusae, five pounds.
  • Aquae fontanae, fifty pounds.

Macerate them the space of four and twenty hours, then distill them in a large Limbecke with a coo­ler.

Oyle of Costus.

THis oyle warmeth and comforfeth the nerves, and sinewes and opens their opilations; it al­so comforts all the nervous parts; it is good for the stomack, liver, and the falling of the hayre, hin­ders baldnesse, and makes a good colour, and smell of the whole body; it is made as followeth.

  • ℞. Costi amari, two ounces.
  • Cassiae ligneae, one ounce.
  • Summitatum sampsuci, eight ounces.

Bruise them and macerate them two dayes in suffi­cient wine, then boile them in three pounds of oile olive washed with wine, in a double vessell, untill the wine be wasted.

Ole of Wax.

OYle of Bees waxe healeth wounds contused, and incised, laying a cloth wet therein on the wound, being first joyned together by stitching; taken one dramme with white wine, it stayeth the [Page 58] shedding of the hayre on the head or beard, the place being anointed therewith; it provokes urine being stopped; it helpes stitches, and paines in the loynes, taking the sayd quantity in white wine; it helpeth the cold gowt, or sciatica, and all other griefes comming of cold, and is thus made.

  • R. Yellow waxe, one pound.

Melt it and put to it powder of tile shards three pound, mingle them and put them in a retort, and draw out the oyle with a convenient heat; you may rectifie it in a retort without tiles, by adding water. Your fire shall bee made above the retort untill it leave hissing, then make it under your re­tort.

Oyle of St. Johns wort compound.

THis is an admirable balme for wounds, being used as hot as it can be indured, and at the first dressing, hotter: it is a sure medicine for all venemous wounds, all bitings of mad dogges, or of venemous wormes, very hot applied, and the parts about anointed therewith warme, and a good cor­diall given inwardly: it is good in wounds eyther incised, contused, or stabbed, and is indeed so ex­cellent that you need use no other oyle; it is a com­fortable medicine against all paines, aches, and wi­therings of the outward limbes proceeding of cold causes, using it warme with good friction, and a playster of Burgundy pitch spread on leather, [Page 59] and applied thereon, or rather the stiptict plaister of Paracelsus▪ the composition is as followeth.

  • ℞. Vini albi potentis three pounds.
  • Summitatum Hyperici maturarum, foure handsfull.

Bruise them, and macerate them in the wine, in a glasse vessell well stopped for two dayes, then boil it in a double vessell, and straine it hard and put to the liquor mote flowers and tops of S. Johns wort as you did before, doe this three times, and then straine it, and put to the liquor for every pound.

  • Olei veteris, foure pound.
  • Tereb nthmae, six ounces.
  • Olei absinthii, three ounces.
  • Dictamni, of each two drammes.
  • Gentianae, of each two drammes.
  • Cardui benedicti, of each two drammes.
  • Tormentillae, of each two drammes.
  • Carlinae vel cardui Mariae, of each two drammes.
  • Calami aromatici, of each two drammes.
  • Lumbricorum pluries in vino lotorum, two ounces.

Bruise them all and put them to the rest, and stop them close, and scumme them forty daies, then put them up.

Oyle of Elders.

THE Oyle of Elder flowers doeth lenifie and purge the skin, ia good for the obstructions of [Page 60] the liver, helpful for the joynts and nerves pained, the parts grieved being anointed therewith; given in Clysters it provoketh stools, healeth the yellow-jaundise, amendeth belly-ache, and easeth the pains thereof, and is made as followeth.

R. Elder-flowers and Oyle-olive infused as you do oyle of Roses.


LInseed-oyle, or oyle of Flax-seed is avodine, cu­reth convulsions, mitigateth the hardness of the arteries, muscles and nerves, asswageth the pain of the piles or hemorroides, and helpeth the un­natural clefts, chaps and fussures of the fundament; it is used with good success to anoint the secret parts in child-birth, and in poultisses for womens sore breasts; it is made by expression brusing your seeds, and putting them in Balneo four or five houres, and then straine them with a Scrue­press.

Oyle of Eggs.

THis Oyle cleanseth the skin, and taketh away the filthiness, and all the sears thereof occa­sioned by cuts and bitings, or at the least much diminisheth them so that they can hardly be seen; it cureth burnings, killeth ring-worms, healeth excoriations, and is prevalent against any ulcer, chaps, or ill matter, arising our of the flesh, either [Page 61] in the hands, feet, armes, or legges, or in any other part of the body, and is made as fol­loweth,

R. Yolks of Eggs sodden hard, put them into a glased vessel, and heat them well at the fire, but so as they burn not, then hot as can be, put them into a canvas bag, and press out the oyl.

Note that whilst you heat them it will make your oyl the better if you sprinckle them with a little aromatick wine warm.

Oyl-olive is made of ripe olives by pressing them.

Oyle of Whelps.

THiS Oyl is of wonderful force to asswage pain, to bring shot wounds to suppuration, and cause the falling away of the escar; it is thus made,

Olei lilliorum vel violarum four pound.

Boyl in it two Whelps newly whelped, untill the flesh part from the bones, then put into them of

Vermium terestium praparat. one pound.

Boyl them again, and strain them hard, and put to the oyl.

Terahinthinae veneta four ounces.

Spiritus vini one ounce.

Mingle them according to Art.

Oyle of Bayes.

OYle of Bayes is a Medicine callifying, molli­fying, opening, and discussing, and doth much mitigate the Collick delivered into the body by Clister: It is a present remedy against cold griefs of the brain, nerves, arteries, and loins, the parties anointed therewith: It is good for the palsey, sciatiea, the hardness, and pains of the spleen, and is much used, as well to cure the scab and ring-worm, as the scurvie; and is thus made,

R. Bay-berries ripe and fresh gathered. q s. Beat them, and boyl them with sufficient water until the fat swimmeth on the top ten press them, and seperate the oyle from the water according to Art.

Oyle of Sweet-Almonds,

DOth lenifie the roughness of the breast and throat, as also the haroness and driness of the joynts: It is good against the consumption of the lungs; it is also of good use to be drunk in the hectick-feavers; it stayeth the cough, and asswa­geth the heat of urine, healeth ulcers by injection, is very good in collica or illica passio to be drunk, and administred in Clisters, and is thus made.

R. Sweet-Almonds dry, not mouldy, and well rubbed, q. s. Beat them well, and put them in a Press, and press out the oyle without heat.

Oyle of Bitter-Almonds.

THis Oyle doth open obstructions, discusseth wind and vapours, but chiefly it healeth deaf­ness, the hissing and pain of the ears, lenifieth the hardness of the sinews, and maketh the face and hands fair, and is made as the oyle of Sweet-Almonds.

Oyle of Vitriol.

THis Oyle comforteth the stomach after a won­derful manner, and stirreth up the appetite; it defendeth the whole body from apostumes and inflammations, and therefore it is used with good success in the plurisie, and also in vulnerary drinks, it is approved good: It helpeth the infirmities of the lights taken with the water of fennel or fu­metory: it cutteth away the melancholy humors from the stomach, being taken with balm-water: It consumeth phlegm, cures the cholick and the loosness of the belly: It quencheth the thirst in feavers cures the hickock and loathing of meat: It attenuateth the blood, defendeth wounded parts grieved from fear of gangrene, or putrefaction of the blood: It conglutinateth ruptures as well of bones as veins, and doth exceedingly comfort and corroborate all the parts of mans body, and may well be numbred as a principal amongst cordial medicines: It is also a very good medicine, not [Page 64] only in preventing the scurvie taken inwardly, but also in the cure of the scurvie many wayes, both inwardly taken with any comfortable wine, or with beer for need, or to make a beverage there­with and daily to use is in small quantity, namely four drops for a dose: In the calenture it excelleth all other Medicines taken in plantain, sorrel, or any other water, or onely in fair water: It is good to rub foul black teeth to make them clean and white, but use it not often for then it will consume them: In ulcerations of the mouth, throat, or uvula that resist ordinary medicines, touch the ulcerated part but once with this oyle, and the ulcerations will heal very fast afterward with any ordinary me­dicines and helps remembring as cause shall require to use due evacuations or phlebotomie: It is good in the squinancy or augina used certain drops in a fit gargarisme or lotion, namely to make it somewhat sour, and then gargarise warm therewith, for it mightily quencheth inflammations, and tempe­reth well the blood, and being likewise a little thereof given to drink, namely six drops in such a case it is much the better, alwayes remembring that in all such diseases there be loosness of the belly, and sometimes phlebotomie: Moreover, in Ulcers and Fistulaes, scarce a better medicine is found to enlarge a strict orifice, remove a calow, or truly to correct and prepare any inveterate Ulcer to good healing, onely by touching it with [Page 65] lint on the end of a probe, thereby putting the medicine to the place where the cause is: It is a good corrective in all purging medicines, and helpeth them, to do thei office; for it comforteth the whole body and giveth a grateful taste almost to any medicine: It is also good to a weak stomach oppressed with phegme or slime, and helpeth ap­petite taken in Conserve of Roses; There is no medicine more precious in pstilential Feavers. The true and utmost dose cannot justly be set down, but must be made by the taste, putting in so much as may make the vehicle or medicine sharp, or sou­rish; for your purges they shall onely b a little sharpned with certain drops thereof, onely to alter a little the taste; but in the Callenture, strong Feavers, or pestilentiall Feavers a greater dose may well be taken according to discretion and judge­ment; but note this, That if you put any of it into any liquid medicine, as Barly-water, Juleps or such like, which you intend to divide in several doses, let the glass be alwaies shaken well before you pour it out, els the oyl will ly all at the bottom, and make the last dose not onely too sharp to be taken, but also dangerous: The making of it is as fol­loweth,

℞ Of Hungarian-copperas, or of the best English-copperas, what you will.

Melt it in a skillet, then divide it into thicker pieces, which you shall calcine upon the coals untill they [Page 66] look a little reddish, and then powder them and sprinkle them with the best spirit of wine, then put it into a retort that will endure the fire, and keep your fire by degrees to the height of heat for three dayes, or untill the receiver being before full of fumes do become clear; let the distilled liquor be rectified, and seperate them one from another, that is to say the spirit of wine, the sharp spirit of vitriol, and the strong heavy oyle.

Oyle of Sulphur.

THis Oyle is good to make the teeth white, to take away the morphew, cureth venereal ulcers, expelleth diseases arising from wind or cold: It is good against the falling-sickness, shortness of breath, evill affections of the lungs, easeth the Tooth-ach, and is, being well prepared, a true cor­dial medicine: The manner of making it is after this sort;

℞ A bell of glass, holding at the least sixteen pints, for the larger it is the better, put it upon a great earthen vessel containing about\ nine or ten gallons, with three or four stayes to rest the bell upon; let your earthen-pot be so well nealed as that it will endure the fire, then put in your brimstone into the pot, and set it on fire, and whelm over it the bell, casting in now and then fresh brim­stone as the first wastes; you shall have more [Page 67] store of oyle if you put your earthen vessell into a furnace with fire under it, that the brimstone may be alwayes melted: This must be done best in rainy-weather, and in a cellar; and before you kindle your brim­stone you shall smoak your bell with sage.

Oyle of Brick-bats, or Tyle-stones.

THis Oyle is also called Oyle of Philosophers, the oldest is the best, it doth attenuate, and penetrate upward, digesteth and consumeth all ex­cremental matter, and is profitable for cold affe­ctions of the spleen, veins, bladder, nerves, womb, joynts, and for the Lethargy, Apoplexy, and Falling-sickness, and many other the like griefs, and is thus made,

℞ Old bricks digged out of the ground, and broken in peeces to the bigness of an apple, heat them red hot in the fire, and quench them in Oyl of Rosemary, or clear old Oyl-olive, until they be full of Oyl; then beat them small, and put the powder into a glass retort, or cucurbite well fitted in a furnace, and surely luted, and distill it by sublimation.

Oyle of Turpentine.

OYle of Turpentine is taken inwardly for shortnesse of breath, the Ptisick, against the Stone, the Collick, cold, and windy affections of the breast; it is outwardly used to heale sinnews wounded, or troubled with any intemperature, also to fill ulcers with flesh and knit them up, lea­ving no cicatrize in them: it is made in this man­ner:

  • ℞.Venice turpentine twenty eight pound.
  • Fayre Water ninety six pound.

Put them into a copper vessell with a cover, and a cooler, and distill a thin white oyle; increase the fire and you shall have it yellow; make your fire yet hotter, and it wil come red; these three liquors would be separated by distillation againe.

Oyle of Spike.

OYle of Spike doth calefie, attenuate, discusse, and is very profitable to them that have the gowt proceeding of a cold cause, or to comfort any member benummed, also it is good against the fal­ling sicknesse, and convulsions, the temples, and nape of the neck, yea and the whole head to bee a­noynted therewith is very profitable; it is made as follweth:

  • ℞. Lavender Spike ℥ iij.
  • Sweet Oyle lb. j. ss.
  • [Page 69]Wine and water ana ℥ ij ss.

Boyle them in a double vessell to the consumption of the wine and water, and keep it for thy use.

Oyle of Antymony.

THis oyle is good for them that have convulsi­ons, or any astonishing disease, and other evill affections of the braine, foure graines thereof drunke; it asswageth the paine of the gowt, and chollicke, cureth feavers, helpeth the bladder ulce­rate, and wonderfully helpeth the canker, fistula, phagadena, the fretting or eating pox, the wolfe, and all other sorts of ulcers, and it is thus made.

  • ℞. Crude Antimony of each one pound.
  • Mercury sublimate of each one pound.

Make them into powder, and put them into a glasse retort with a large neck, and set it in a furnace of reverberation, well and close, and make your fire by degrees, and a fatty substance will distill into the receiver hanging to the necke of the retort, which by putting under a gentle fire will melt; that fatty liquor must be rectified and put up close.

Oyle of Myrtiles.

OYle of Myrtiles refrigerateth, astringeth, and comforteth, but properly the heart, stomack, and braine, and the nerves; it is good in fractures, for it cooles, and resists putrifaction, it is made as followeth.

  • [Page 70]℞. Myrtle berries bruised, and sprinkled with astringent wine lb. i.
  • Juice of the leaves lb ss.
  • Oyle of unripe Olives lb iij.

Steep the Berries in the Oyle for the space of eight dayes, then boyle them and straine them, and put in more berries; do thus three times in a double ves­sell, after the third straining adde the juice, and boyle it to the consumption of that juice, and put it up.

Oyle of Origanum.

THis Oyle of Origanum cureth melancholly, helpeth the dropsie, and cureth the Cough, the quartane Feaver, and the tooch-ach, and is made as the rest of the Oyles of Vegetables.

Of Waters.

And first of Mint Water.

MInt-Water doth warme and stengthen the Stomack, Liver, Spleene, or Milt, helpeth concoction, stayeth vomit, and is very cordiall, and is distilled of speare mintes, and white wine, adding if you please a Clove or two, and a blade of Mace.

Sassafras Water.

THis water openeth all obstructions, or stoppings of the body, namely of Liver, Lungs, kidneys, and Spleen; and thereby it is found by many expe­riences, excellent against the Scurvy, the French Disease, and the Yellow-Jaundise; it is an ap­proved remedy against all cold Feavers, and the Dropsie, or for those that are inclining thereunto for it provoketh Urine, and sweat in a very mild, and naturall manner, and driveth out many disea­ses by the pores of the skin; it hath infinite more vertues ascribed to it, for which I refer the Ar­tist to Doctour MONARDUS his Booke, and will only set down the making of it, according to his description.

  • ℞. Of the bows of Sassafras halfe an ounce, cut as swall as may be.
  • Water twelve pounds.

Put them into a new earthen pot, and let them steep together two houres, then seeth it until two parts be consumed, and after it is cold, let it be strained and kept in a glasse vessel, and powre to the wood three pottles more of water, and let it seeth untill halfe a pottle be consumed, straine it cold, and keep it as the former; let the best water be taken in the morning fasting halfe a pint hot, and then keep your self warme and procure sweat, then change your self into hot clothing and rub off [Page 72] the sweat, and eate of a Hen roasted, and drink of the second Water at dinner, and supper, and in the day time; eat no flesh at night but dry fruits, and conserves: and thus you may do so long as you find your selfe grieved.

Water of Cardus benedictus.

THis water easeth the paine of the head, con­firmeth the memory, cureth a quartane, pro­voketh sweat, and comforteth the vitall spirits, and is made by distillation.

Triacle Water.

Triacle Water is good in the Plague, or Pesti­lentiall Feaver, the French disease, killeth Wormes, helpeth the trembling of the heart; and is good to be mingled in Diaphoreticks; the man­ner of making it is as followeth.

  • ℞. Succi putaminis viridis nucum juglandium, foure pound.
  • Succ [...]rulae, three pounds.
  • Succorum Cardui benedictae, of each two pounds.
  • Calendulae, of each two pounds.
  • Mellislae, of each two pounds.
  • Rad. Petassitae recentium, one pound and half.
  • Rad. Ba [...]danae, one pound.
  • Rad. Angelicae, recentium, of each six ounces.
  • Imperatoriae, recentium, of each six ounces.
  • Fol. Scordii, foure handfull.
  • [Page 73]Theriacae Andromachi veteris & probatae, of each eight ounces.
  • Mithridatis, of each eight ounces.
  • Vini canarini generosissimi, twelve pounds.
  • Aceti vini albi accerrimi, six pounds.
  • Succi limonum, two pounds.

Digest them two dayes in horse dung: or Balneo in a vessell well closed, then distill it in sand.

Water of Damask Roses.

DAmask Rose water doth refrigerate, and comfort the heart, is good against swouning, and causeth sleep.

Red Rose Water,

DOth refrigerate, bind, and corroborate the vi­tall and animall faculties, benefiteth the head, easeth the pained ears and eyes, and doth good in inflammations, and is profitable in medicines a­gainst: Disentery

White Rose water.

THe Water of White Roses is good to put in Colliries for the eyes.

Plantaine Water,

IS astringent, and sanative, good for them that are in a Consumption of the Lungs, in a Dropsie, or that have the bloudy flux; good also against [Page 74] the quartane ague; it cureth the Ulcers of the veines, bladder, and excoriations of the passage of the yard; and being drunk, helpeth against ardent urine, or the sharpnesse of the water.

Balme Water.

THis water hath a great respect to the heart, a great cordiall, and of a good smell, and tast, it is more proper to women then men, for it much respecteth the infirmities of the mother, and is in the times of their paines very profitable to take a little of it, for the safer provoking of a speedy delivery; distill it with spirit of wine.

Angelica Water.

ANgelica Water may serve instead of Triacle and Mithridate, for a preservative against the Plague, or any infectious ayre, for there is no one thing more commended by ancient and moderne Writers in that kind, then angelica is, whereof there is good experience; it is also very stomachi­call and cordiall, and being truly made will retain his strength and virtue forty yeares and more; it is made as the former.


THis water is very grateful in the stomach, for it is a balsome thereunto, it consumeth, and breaketh wind mightily, and killeth worms, hindreth vomiting, provoketh appetite; is very good against pains in the head proceeding of a cold cause, and is very cordial; It is made as the former.


IS very excellent against wind in the stomach, or elsewhere in the body, and against Asthma, Ptisick, and shortness of breath, it also break­eth phlegme, and warmeth the stomach, and is distilled from Anniseeds well macerated in Spirit of wine.


CYnamon water doth comfort and strengthen the stomach, the liver, the milt, the lungs, the heart, the brain, and the sinews, sharpneth the sight, is good against venome, as also the stingings, and bitings of venemous beasts, helpeth a bad or evill savouring breath, is good against loathing of the stomach, and where you desire to warm, to open, to attenuate, digest or corroborate, [Page 76] in all such cases this precious liquor excelleth and is made as the former.


THe Heavenly water is a principal antidote or preservative in all poysons, or poysoned and infectious airs whatsoever, for that either re­ceived into the body, or but onely smelled unto, it helpeth much against infection, and doth very ad­mirably restore again one faln either of the Dead-palsey or Falling-sickness, and is also good either in the Collick, or any gripings of the guts, as also in any the weaknesses of the stomach, and against any cold fluxes of the guts, or belly, two spoonfuls thereof given in a Clyster, and hath many more special good uses and vertues; It is made as fol­loweth.

  • ℞ Cinamoni, one ounce.
  • Zinziberis, half an ounce.
  • Santalorum omnium, of each six drams.
  • Caryophyllorum, of each two drams and half.
  • Galangae, of each two drams and half.
  • Nucis Moschatae of each two drams and half.
  • Macis, cubebarum of each one dram.
  • Cardamomi utriusque, of each three drams.
  • Sem. Melanthii of each three drams.
  • Zedoariae, half an ounce.
  • [Page 77]Anisi, of each one dram and half.
  • Sem. Faeniculi dulcis, of each one dram and half.
  • Pastinacei silvestris, of each one dram and half.
  • Ocymi, of each one dram and half.
  • Rad. Angelicae, of each two drams.
  • Caryophyllatae, of each two drams.
  • Glyrynhicae, of each two drams.
  • Calami odorati, of each two drams.
  • Phu minoris, of each two drams.
  • Foliorum sclareae, of each two drams.
  • Thymi, of each two drams.
  • Calaminthae, of each two drams.
  • Pulegii, of each two drams.
  • Menthae, of each two drams.
  • Serpylli, of each two drams.
  • Majoranae, of each two drams.
  • Florum rosar. rubrarum, of each one dram and half.
  • Salviae, of each one dram and half.
  • Rorismarini, of each one dram and half.
  • Betonicae, of each one dram and half.
  • Staechados, of each one dram and half.
  • Buglossi, of each one dram and half.
  • Boraginis, of each one dram and half.
  • Corticum citri, three drams.

Bruise what are to be bruised, and macerate them for the space of fifteen dayes in twelve pounds of the best Spirit of wine in a glass vessel well closed, [Page 78] then distill them in B. M. according to Art, after­wards adde to the distilled water.


  • Diambrae,
  • Aromaticum rosat.
  • Diamoch. dulcis,
  • Diarcargarit. frigid.
  • Diaruhodon Albatis,
  • Electuaris de gemmis,

of each 3 drams.

  • Santali citrini contusi, two drams.
  • Moschi, of each 1 scruple.
  • Ambrae griseae in tela rara ligatorum, of each 1 scruple.
  • Julepi rosati clari, one pound.

Shake them all well together, that the Julep may incorporate well with the water, then stop up the glass with wax and parchment, and let it stand untill the water be cleared.

Doctor Stevens his Water.

IT is a notable cordial-water, comforts the head and heart, yea and all the principal facul­ties of the body, both annimal, vital, and na­tural, if it be truly prepared; it helpeth all cold diseases, palseys, convulsions, barrenness, tooth­ach; It killeth worms, cureth the dropsie, stone, stinking breath, and prolongeth life, and is made as follloweth,

  • ℞ Cinamoni, of each one dram.
  • Zinziberis, of each one dram.
  • [Page 79]Galangae, of each one dram.
  • Caryophillorum, of each one dram.
  • Nucis moschatae, of each one dram.
  • Granorum paradisae, of each one dram.
  • Sem. Anisi, of each one dram.
  • Faeniculi, of each one dram.
  • Carni, of each one dram.
  • Herb. Thymi, of each one handful.
  • Serpylli, of each one handful.
  • Menthae, of each one handful.
  • Salviae, of each one handful.
  • Pulegi, of each one handful.
  • Parictariae, of each one handful.
  • Rorismarini, of each one handful.
  • Flor. rosar. rubrarum, of each one handful.
  • Chamemeli, of each one handful.
  • Origani, of each one handful.
  • Lavendulae, of each one handful.

Infuse them all twelve hours, then distill them in a Limbeck, and take of the strongest water three pounds.

The common Lotion,

IS used in ulcerations of the mouth or gums, in griefs of the yard, as well within the passage, as also between glans and Praeputium, there are di­vers sorts according as occasion offers, but that which I mean here is onely made of Sage, Rose­mary, [Page 80] Woodbine, and brier tops boyled in water, adding honey, and allome; fortifying it as you see cause with Mercury dulcified, put a rag on your finger or on a stick, and dip it into the lotion warmed, and rub the gums hard therewith, and the ulcerated parts untill they bleed; or you may make a lotion for the mouth thus,

  • ℞ Copperas, green, white, or blue ℥ ij.
  • Water lb j. or thereabouts.
  • Honey one spoonful.

Boyl these to the consumption of one third, or half, then take of lapis medicamentosus, or Salt-peter ℥ sss. and if you have no honey, take sugar, or juice of liquorice, or liquorice boyled therein to make it pleasant in taste, or without, for a need, you may well use it.


THis is Capital-lees, and is very necessary to mollifie the White-caustick when it groweth dry, as also if need be, by decoction to make a lapis internalis for to make Issues, or break Apostumes: The Liquid-caustick is made of un­slaked-lime, and capital-lees, boyled together to the thickness of an unguent, and applyed as hereaf­ter shall be shewn.

Vinegar of Wine.

VInegar helpeth the unnatural swellings of the belly, and also cureth the fluxes of the sto­mach, the parts grieved being fomented there­with: It stayeth the inordinate menstrual-fluxes, the region of the liver, or the bearing parts fo­mented therewith warm, namely with stuphes wet therein: It is good against vomiting, the stomach outwardly fomented with warm stuphes wet therein: It also discusseth and dissipateth violent hot tumors in their beginnings, yea even those which are named Pavaritiae, or as some tearm them fellons. Good wine vinegar excelleth in Cataplasms, as also in fomentations where avodine medicines are to be used, provided the place be not excoriated, as namely, in hervia hu­morali; in the falling down of the fundament it is approved good, sometimes with wine used warm to foment the part withall, as also to be cast on bricks to receive the fume thereof: In the hot gout, and in all inflammations as the Rose or Ignis sacer, or as some call it St. Antonies fire by way of fomentation with wine vinegar; it is a precious help also by way of gargarisme, it is an approved remedy against Squinantia auginae, or any sudden inflammation of the columella, or the amygdales of the throat, and if you mingle with it Oyle of Roses, you make it the better for all the [Page 82] aforesaid uses, and the more cordial.

Vingar of Roses.

VInegar of Roses is very cordial, helps the stomach, refresheth nature weakned, and is good against the faintings, and great weakness of the spirits; but if the Artist have not Vinegar of Roses ready, he may infuse in Wine-vinegar, a little Rose-water, and it will do almost as well: It is thus made,

℞ Red-rose-buds almost blown, being fresh, and the leaves clean picked from them that are clean withered and naught, gathered very dry, and then spread abroad in the shade to dry about three or four dayes lb j. Wine-vinegar eight sextaries.

Set them in the Sun forty dayes, then strain the vinegar and put it up. but if you will have it more strong of the Roses, then make a second infusion of fresh leaves.

Spirit of Wine.

SPirit of Wine of all vegetables is the most pre­cious thing, it is the truest of all cordials; it preserveth the body from putrifaction, and in eve­ry cold oppression of nature it is a true helper; for the cough and all distillations of Rhumes, and Fluxes it is a perfect help; it comforteth the sto­mack and provoketh appetite. It helpeth those [Page 83] which are thick of hearing, one drop dayly put in­to the eare; it preserveth a man in health, if eve­ry morning and evening he take certaine drops thereof, and defendeth the body that taketh it from the oppression of infectious ayre, and (being sick) almost in any disease, it may safely be given as a true restorative medicine; it is good in wounds, Ulcers, Fistulaes, and Fractures, of which another place hereafter will make mention. It is thus made.

℞ Of good white, Claret Wine, or Sack, which is not sowre nor musty, nor otherwise corrupt, that quantity which may serve to fill the vessell wherein you make your distil­lation to a third part, then put on the head furnished with the nose or pipe, and so make your distillation; first in ashes drawing about a third part from the whole: as for example, six or eight pintes out of foure and twenty, then distill it againe in B. M drawing ano­ther third part, which is two pintes, so that the oftener you distill it, the lesse Liquor you have, but the more strong; some use to re­ctifie it seven times.

Of Syrups.

And first, Of Syrup of Wormwood.

THis Syrup corroborates the stomach, helpeth concoction, causeth an appetite, discusseth wind, openeth the veins, moves urine, and killeth worms, and is thus made,

  • ℞ Absinthii romani sive pontici, half a pound.
  • Rosarum rubratum, two ounces.
  • Spicae Indicae, three drams.
  • Vini albi antiqui generosi of each two pounds and half.
  • succi cydoniorum, of each two pounds and half.

Macerate them in an earthen vessel four and twenty hours, then boyl them until half be wasted, strain it and put to the straining two pounds of Sugar, and boyl it to a syrup.

Syrup of Lymons.

THe Syrup of Lymons is cordial and refrigera­ting, it doth please and profit the appetite, and comforteth all that are sick of the pestilence, or con­tinual and contagious Feavers, as also all diseases on which exceeding great heat attendeth, it cheareth up the heavy heart, and dispelleth sorrow there­from, and against all obstructions of the spleen it is a good help, and also well approved in the cure of the Scurvy: It is made as followeth;

  • ℞ Juice of Lymons purified by going through a [Page 85] wollen strayner without crushing, 7 pounds.
  • White-sugar, five pound.

Boyl them with a soft fire to a syrup.

Syrup of Poppies.

SYrup of White-poppies hath an astringent quality; it procureth sleep, helpeth the cough, hindreth the humors which distill from the head into the throat, causing a tickling, and is of pre­cious use against the palsey, if it be used in the be­ginning thereof: It is made thus,

  • ℞ Capitum cum seminibus of each fifty drams.
  • papaveris albi & nigri, of each fifty drams.
  • Capillorum veneris, fifteen drams.
  • Glycyrhicae, five drams.
  • Jujubarum, in number thirty.
  • Sem. lactucae, forty drams.
  • Sem. malvae & cydoniorum in linteo raro ligatorum, of each one dram and half.

Boyl them in eight pints of water, untill half be wasted, strain it, and to every three pounds of liquor put of

  • Penidiorum, sacchari, of each one pound.

Boyl them to a syrup.

Syrup of Roses solutine.

THis Syrup is used as a gentle & safe purge both to old & young, when they are molested either with burning, or pestilent Feavers, or any ho [Page 86] distemper of the body, and is thus made,

  • ℞ Of Damask-roses, one pound.
  • Fair water, four pound.

Infuse them together, then strain them, and adde as many fresh Roses, do this nine times, then take of the last infusion six pound.

  • Sugar, four pound.

Boyl it according to Art to a syrup.

Syrup of Violets.

THis Syrup doth break the acrimonie of me­lancho y, tempereth the heat of the bowels, bringeth down the belly by purging; it helpeth the diseases of the throat, as hoarsness, and the dry cough, and is a chief aid to the curing inflam­mations of the breast, it helpeth the plurifie, and quencheth the thirst in Feavers, being put in coo­ling Juleps, and is cordial: It is thus made,

  • ℞ Violet flowers picked, one pound.
  • Spring water hot, one pound and half.
  • Or a sufficient quantity.

Put them in an earthen vessel glazed, and close covered, and let them infuse four and twenty hours, then strain them hard, take of this liquor one pound.

  • White-sugar, two pound.

Mingle them, and dissolve the Sugar with a con­tinual equal heat, and put it up for your use.

Oxymel simple.

[Page 87] OXymel simple is of great use for the cure of inflammations of the lungs and throat, hel­peth expectoration, and difficult breathing, cutteth and attenuateth thick and slimy humors, purgeth the entrails without trouble, and is good both in cold and hot affections, and is made as fol­loweth,

  • ℞ Of the best Aromatick-honey dispumed, four pound.
  • Clear spring-water, and of the best vinegar, of each two pound.

Boyl them according to Art untill they come to a liquid syrup, but take heed you boyl it not too much lest you spoil the taste.


THis syrup is profitable in gargarismes against the eating ulcers of the mouth, it cutteth away phlegme, and cleanseth the mouth and throat, and by reason of the pleasant taste thereof, it is the more comfortable to the diseased: It is made after this maner,

  • ℞ Succi mororum celsi, & rubri immaturo­rum, of each one pound and half.
  • Mellis, two pound.

Boyl them with an easie fire to the thickness of honey.

Syrup of Sloes.

SYrup of Sloes doth refrigerate and comfort the stomach, stoppeth Fluxes, healeth the excoria­tions of the intrails, and is made with the Pulpe of sloes and sugar.

Hony of Roses.

HOny of Roses strengtheneth and cleanseth the stomack, purgeth clammy humours, helpeth concoction with the temperate heat thereof, allay­eth and stoppeth hot fluxes, the phlegmone of the mouth, gums, and jaws; it is singular good with Oyle of Roses for wounds in the head, and putting to them some Aqua vitae, makes them good to heal wounds in the joynts, where the joynt water glee­reth out. It is made as followeth.

  • ℞. pure white Honey dispumed, ten pounds.
  • Fresh juice of red Roses, one pound.

Put them into a skillet, and when they begin to boyle, throw into them of fresh red Rose leaves picked foure pounds, and boyle them until the juice be wasted, alwayes stirring it, then straine it, and put it up in an earthen pot.


And first of Conserve of red Roses.

THe Conserve of red Roses is good for the heart, and head, strengthneth and comforteth both, as also the bowels mitigating their heat, and stoppeth fluxions, and is much the more profitable in any griefe, if a few drops of Oyle of Vitrioll be mixed therewith, but beware of too much: and is thus made.

  • ℞. Of red Rose leaves not fully blowed, all the withered and corrupt leaves clipped away, two pounds.
  • White sugar, six pounds.

Put your leaves and halfe your sugar into a stone mortar, and beat them til they be almost enough, then put in the rest of the sugar, and beat it up to a Conserve.

Conserve of Rosemary flowers,

OR Conserve of Anthos, hath great force in comforting the brain, and coroborating the sinnews, and it is given with good successe in the falling sicknesse, Apoplexy, Lethargy, dead and shaking palsey; and is made as the Conserve of Roses is.

Conserve of Borage flowers.

THis Conserve is a great cordiall, comforting the heart and all the vitalls, it makes a man merry, glad, and chearfull, and chaseth away all heavy sadnesse and dull melancholly; and is made of Bo­rage flowers picked, and sugar, as the former.

Conserve of Berberries,

DOth refrigerate, and is astringent, it quencheth thirst and the heat of the stomack, and bowels, it causeth appetite, removeth the waterish humor of choler, cureth the bloudy flux, the flux of the Li­ver, the often gnawing and wringing of the guts caused by choler, healeth the small pox; and resi­steth drunkennesse; and is made by stewing the fruit picked from the stalks in a pot, set in a skillet of water, afterwards strained and the pulp set in an earthen and wel glased vessel on the fire, that the watrish humidity may gently evaporate, stirring it with a woodden spatula, then put to it for every six pound of pulp ten pound of sugar, according to Art, boyle it to a good consistence.

Conserve of Quinces.

THe conserve of Quinces doth bind and com­fort the stomack, is good for choler, stoppeth all kinde of bloudy fluxes, and helpeth digesti­on; and is thus made.

  • [Page 91]Juice of Quinces clarified six pounds.
  • Boyle it untill two parts be wasted, then put to it,
  • Of white sugar two pounds.
  • Then boyle them to the thicknesse of Honey.

Conserve if Wood-sorrell.

THis Conserve doth recreate and comfort the heart, removeth putrid humours, refrigerateth, and profiteth much in continuall and contagious Feavers, being very cordiall, and is made of the herb, as the Conserve of Roses.

Conserve of Sloes.

THe conserve of Sloes is of a stiptick comforting force, very profitable to comfort a weak sto­mack oppressed with crudities, it is good against all fluxes of the belly, and also good to heale all in­flammations or excoriations, occasioned by the same, either taken on a Knife in forme of a bolus, or given in Clysters: and is made as Conserve of Berberries.

Of Electuaries.

And first of London Triacle.

THis was first appoynted by the Doctors of the Colledge of London, as a thing very requisite, for that the price was reasonable for the poorer [Page 92] sort, the ingredients thereof being neverthelesse cordiall, and yet such as are easie to get; it may be used well in place of Mithridate, but because the fresh is the best, I hold it most convenient for the Artist to keep the species ready, and when he hath occasion to use any of it, he may put to every ounce three ounces of Hony, and warme it upon the fire, stirring it well untill it be perfectly incor­porated: it is thus made.

  • ℞. Cornu cervini lima derafi, two ounces.
  • Sem. citri, of each one ounce.
  • Oxalytis, of each one ounce.
  • Paeoniae, of each one ounce.
  • Ocymi, of each one ounce.
  • Scordii,
  • Corallinae, of each six drams.
  • Rad. Angelicae,
  • Tormentillae,
  • Peoniae,
  • Foliorum dictamini,
  • Baccorum Juniperi,
  • Lauri, of each halfe an ounce.
  • Flor. Calendulae,
  • Caryophyllorum seu
  • vetonicae rubrae,
  • Anthos,
  • Summit. Hiperici,
  • Nucis moschatae,
  • Croci, of each three drams.
  • [Page 93]Rad. Gentianae,
  • Zedoariae,
  • Zinziberis,
  • Nucis,
  • Myrrhae,
  • Foliorum scabiosae,
  • Succisae,
  • Cardui benedicti, of each two drams.
  • Cariophilorum,
  • Opii, of each one dram.
  • Vini canarini, as much as shal suffice to in­corporate them.
  • Mellis, triplum.

Mingle them on the fire, as I shewed you before.

Triacle Andromache.

THis Triacle doth the effects of Mithridate, Di­mocrati, and is good against the hoarsnesse of the voyce, against the Jaundise, Dropsie, for wounds in the intestines, to bring forth the yong birth dead to expell and take away the Leprosie, and Measels, to revive every decayed sense, to con­firme wounds healed, to kill all kindes of wormes, to dissipate winde, to comfort the heart and sto­mach, and to keep the body incorrupt, and sound; and is thus made.

  • ℞ Trochiscorum scilliticorum, 48 drams.
  • [Page 94]Trochiscorum è viperis, of each four and twenty drams.
  • Piperis longi, of each four and twenty drams.
  • Opii Thebacii, of each four and twenty drams.
  • Magmatis Hedychroi sicci, of each four and twenty drams.
  • Rosarum siccarum resectis unguibus,
  • Iridis illiricae odorae,
  • Succi glycyrrhizae,
  • Sem. napae dulcis,
  • Comarum scordii,
  • Opobalsami,
  • Cinamoni,
  • Agarici, of each twelve drams.
  • Myrrhae,
  • Costi odorati seu zedoariae,
  • Croci.
  • Cassiae ligneae verae,
  • Nardi Indicae,
  • Schaenanthi,
  • Piperis albi,
  • nigri,
  • Thuris masculi,
  • Dictamni Cretici,
  • Rhei,
  • Staechados,
  • Marrubii,
  • Sem. petroseluci macedonici,
  • Calaminthes siccae,
  • Terebinthinae,
  • Rad. pentaphyllae,
  • Zinziberis, of each six drams.
  • [Page 95]Comarum polii cretici,
  • Chamaepyteos,
  • Nardi celticae,
  • Amomi,
  • Styracis calamitae,
  • Rad. Mei,
  • Com. chamaedryos,
  • Rad. Phu Pontici,
  • Terrae lemniae,
  • Foliorum malabathri,
  • Chalcitidis assae vel ejus,
  • Loco calcanthi romani usti.
  • Rad. gentianae,
  • Gum. Arabici,
  • Succi Hypocistidii,
  • Carpobalsami vel nucis moschatae,
  • vel cubebarum,
  • Sem. anisi fricti,
  • Cardamomi,
  • Sem. faeniculi,
  • Seseleos,
  • Acaciae vel ejus loco succi,
  • Inspissati prunellorum acerborum,
  • Sem. Thlaspeos,
  • Succ. Hyperici,
  • Sem. Ammeos,
  • Sagapeni, of each four drams,
  • Castorei,
  • Rad. Aristolochiae longae,
  • [Page 96]Bituminis Judaici,
  • Sem. dami,
  • Opoponacis,
  • Centauri minoris,
  • Galbani pinguis, of each two drams.
  • Vini antiqui canarini, as much as shall suffice to dissolve the ingredients.
  • Mellis optimi, thrice the weight of the dry species.
  • Mingle them according to Art.

Triacle Diatesseron.

TRiacle Diatesseron, or the poor mans triacle, is good against poyson drunken, and against the bitings of venemous beasts or worms: It is also good against all the cold affects of the brain, as convulsions, resolution of the sinews, falling-sickness, cramp, spasme, the inflation of the ven­tricle, or stomach, against the defect of concoction therein, and against venemous wounds both in­wardly drunk, and outwardly applied; also it openeth the obstructions of the liver and spleen and thereby preserveth the body from the disease, called the scurvy: It procures sweat very well be­ing taken in sack, but is mighty hurtful to wo­men with child, as may be easily known by the in­gredients which are as follow,

  • ℞ Gentianae, baccarum lauri of each two ounces.
  • Myrrhae of each two ounces.
  • Aristolochiae rotundae of each two ounces.

[Page 97] Husk your Berries, and powder and searce them, and your gentian and Aristolochie must be slicked and dried in a folded paper and so powdered and searced, then dissolve your myrrhe in a little sack, and put to it,

  • Mellis optimi dispumati, two pound.

And then sprinkle in your powders, and incorpo­rate them well on the fire.

Confection of Alkermes.

THis Confection is a preservative from Apo­plexies arising from cold and melancholy hu­mors, doth very much comfort the brain, and heart, and is sometimes used very profitably for them that languish away by reason of a long sickness, and are subject to swounings, but beware you give it not to any having a flux of the belly, by reason of the azure stone that is in it, which is purging: It is thus compounded,

  • ℞ Succi pomorum fragantium of each one pound and half.
  • aqua rosarum odoratissimae of each one pound and half.

In the which you shall infuse for four and twenty hours,

  • Scrici crudi four ounces.

Then strain it hard, and put to the liquor,

  • Succi granorum kermes ad nos adjecti puri, one pound.
  • Sugar, two pound.

Boyl them to the thickness of honey, then take it [Page 98] from the fire, and put into it of crude ambergreese cut small half an ounce, and when it is well melted cast in these following finely powdered,

  • Cinamomi electi,
  • Ligni aloes optimi,
  • Lapidis lazuli usti in crucibulo,

Then powdered, and washed first in fair water, then in Rose-water or Burrage-water four or five times, letting it dry between every washing unti­ll the water come from it clear, of each six drams.

  • Margaritarum pellucidarum
  • Praeparatarum three drams.
  • Fol. auri,
  • Moschi optimi of each one dram.

Make it up according to Art.

The electuary of the Egge.

THis electuary is excellent above all other An­tidotes in preventing and curing the plague, and all pestilent disease, in expelling the infection from the heart, and is compounded after this manner,

  • ℞ A new laid Egge.

Draw out the white at a little hole in the top, and stuffe the Egge full of the best saffron, then cover it close with another Eggeshell, then put it into an oven after bread is drawn out, and let it lye so long untill the shel begin to look all over black, but take heed the saffron burn not, for then all that [Page 99] Egg is spoyled; then take it out of the shel & pow­der it very small, and put to it as much white mu­stard seed in powder at it weigheth, then

  • Pulv. rad. dictamni albi,
  • sive Fraxinellae,
  • Tormentillae, of each two drams.
  • Myrrhae,
  • Cornu Cervini,
  • Rad. Petasitae, of each one dram.
  • Rad. Angelicae,
  • Pimpinellae,
  • Gravorum Juniperi,
  • Zedoariae,
  • Camphorae, of each one ounce.

Mingle them altogether in a mortar, and adde to them of the best Triacle the weight of all the other, and then mingle them well with the Pestle for at least three hours, powring in now and then a little syrup of Lymons, untill it come to the forme of an Electuary.


MIthridate is in quality and vertue like unto Triacle, but more hot and forcible against the poyson of Serpents, mad Dogs, wild Beasts, creeping things; being used as a plaister or drunk, it cureth all the cold affections of the head, helpeth the melancholick, or those that are fearfull of wa­ters; them also that have the falling sicknesse, Me­grim, [Page 100] pain in the bowels, ears, tooth-ach, and wee­ping eyes, helpeth the evils of the mouth and jaws, being plaisterwise layed to the temples, by discus­sion giveth ease to the troubled with the Squinan­cy, Apoplexy, Cough, spitting of bloud, Impo­stumes, or inflammations of the Lungs, or any griefs within the body; and is good against the bloudy-flux, flux of the stomach, obstructions of the guts; and against wringing, and tortions in them; being taken with Aqua vitae, and the decoction of Baulastians, it remedieth Convulsions and Palsey, helpeth the Midriffe, winde in the hypocondria, the pains of the reins, and bladder; breaketh the stone, provoketh Urine, and monthly flowers, expelleth other vices of the matrix; yieldeth a singular be­nefit for the Gout; profiteth not a little in quo­tidians and quartanes a quantity drunk in wine be­ing first warmed and then taken an hour before the fit: it is made as followeth.

  • ℞ Myrrhae Arabicae,
  • Croci,
  • Agarici,
  • Zi [...]ziberis,
  • Cinamomi,
  • Spicae nardi,
  • Thuris,
  • Sem. Thlaspeos, of each ten drams.
  • Sescleos,
  • Opobalsami, seu ol. Nucis,
  • Moschat. per express.
  • Junci odorati,
  • Staechados,
  • Costi veri,
  • Galbani,
  • Terebinthinae,
  • Piperis longi,
  • Castorei pontici,
  • [Page 101]Succi hypocystydos,
  • Styracis optimae,
  • Oppoponacis,
  • Fol. malabathri recenti­um, vel in ejus defec­tu, Macis, of each one ounce.
  • Cassiae ligneae verae,
  • Polii,
  • Piperis albi,
  • Scordii,
  • Sem. dauci cretici,
  • Carpobalsami, vel Cu­bebarum,
  • Trochisci Cypheos,
  • Bdellii, of each 7 drams.
  • Nardi celticae purgatae,
  • Gummi Arabici,
  • Sem. Petroselinae Mace­don.
  • Opii,
  • Cardamomi minoris,
  • Sem. Faeniculi,
  • Gentianae,
  • Fol. Rosar. rubrar.
  • Dictamni cretensis, of each five drams.
  • Sem. Anisi,
  • Asari,
  • Acori, seu calami Aro­matici,
  • Ireos,
  • Phu. majoris,
  • Sagapeni, of each three drams.
  • Mei Athamantici,
  • Acatiae,
  • Ventrum Scincorum,
  • Summitat. Hyperici, of each two drams and halfe.
  • Vini, quantum sufficit ad solutionem gum­mi & succorū mellis deinde triplum ad omnia praeter vinū.

Mingle them according to Art as before.


THis Electuary is most used in Clysters in long and sharpe Feavers purging Choler and phlegme, it is good in the Cholick, belly-ach, and [Page 102] griefs of the ventricle that arise from crudities, the dose is six drams; and is thus made.

  • ℞ Pulpae Palmularum mundatarum ex hydro­melitae coctae & cribro cretae,
  • Penudiorum recentium, of each hafe a pound.
  • Amigdalarum duleime expurgatarum, three ounces and a halfe.

Bruise them and mix them with two pounds of clarified hony, and boyle them a little, then sprin­kle in,

  • Zinziberis,
  • Piperis,
  • Macis,
  • Cynamoni,
  • Fol. rutae siccorum,
  • Sem. Faeniculi, Dauci, of each two drams.
  • Turpeti tenuissime triti, foure ounces.
  • Diagredii, one ounce and halfe.

Mingle them according to Art.


DIacatholicon purgeth gently all humoure, it is conveniently used in Clysters in Feavers, and other diseases which arise from a certain evill dis­position of the Spleene and Liver, the dose is as the former; the composition is as followeth.

  • ℞ Pulpae Cassiae,
  • Tamarindorum,
  • [Page 103]Fol. Sennae. of each two ounces.
  • Polipodii,
  • Violarum,
  • Rhabarbari,
  • Sem. Anisi,
  • Pejudiorum,
  • Sacchari candi, of each one ounce.
  • Glycirrhicae rasae,
  • Sem. Cucurbitae,
  • Citruli,
  • Cucumeris,
  • Melonum, of each two drams.

Pound those that are to be pounded, then take

  • Polipodii recentis, three ounces.
  • Sem. Faeniculi, six drams.

Boyle them in foure pounds of raine water, or or­dinary water to the wasting of a third part, strain them and put to the Liquor two pounds of the best sugar, boyle them again with the Pulps, and when it is almost enough, adde the rest finely powdred, and make it into an Electuary.

Of Opiats.

Of Diascordium.

DIascordium is helpfull in Feavers, as well con­tagious as otherwise; it is good for the head­ach, and for the plague; avaylet in fluxes of the [Page 104] belly, and tertian Agues, and is made after this manner,

  • ℞. Cinamomi,
  • Cassiae ligneae, of each half an ounce.
  • Scordu veri, of each one ounce.
  • Dictamni Cretici,
  • Tormentillae.
  • Bistortae,
  • Galbani,
  • Gummi arrabici, of each half an ounce.
  • Opii, one dram and half.
  • Sty [...]acis calamitae, four drams and half.
  • S [...]m acetosae, one dram and half.
  • Gentianae half an ounce.
  • Boli Armeni, one ounce and half.
  • Terrae sigilatae lemniae half an ounce.
  • Piperis longi
  • Zinziberis, of each two drams.
  • Mellis aibi dispumati, two pounds and half.
  • Conservae rosa [...]um. one pound.
  • Vinii cana [...]ini aromatici, half a pound.

Disolve the gums in the wine, and then mingle the rest according to Art to the forme of an electuary.

Laudanum Paracelsi.

THis worthy Medicine I have often used, as it h [...]h been commended by the Author himself, and [...]lso by Osnaldus Crollius, and lately by that [Page 105] learned man Mr. John Wooddal, who hath set down the vertues thereof at large in his Chyrurgeons Mate, whose method I follow in this book, as I have before shewed; and because the aforsaid Au­thors are too great a price for every one, and in such languages which divers understand not, and my desire being to fit my book as near as I can to the title of Vade mecum: I will out of the said Authors, and mine own practise set down both the vertues, and composition of this truly Laudanum: And first, in all sharp pains whatsoever hot, or cold within, or without the body, yea even when through, ex­tremity of pain the parties are at deaths door, or almost mad with the vehemency of the same; this precious Medicine giveth ease presently, yea and quiet sleep, and that safely, but much better the body being first soluble either by nature or art, I mean by suppository, or clyster which is better: In the Cholick with Mint-water it easeth the gri­ping pains thereof: In the pains, and gravel of the Kidnies, it giveth present ease, and likewise in the Plurisie: In pains of the joynts it is very good: It is good to stay umes, as tooth-ache, and other like defluxions, in the beginnings, as namely in the tooth-ache, dissolve four grains thereof in Plantine-water, and put it into the ear of the aking side, and take three grains into the body, and lye to rest; it is a sure help: In all fluxes of the belly, whether they proceed of sharp and slippery humors, or [Page 106] whatsoever else offending cause, taken with Ma­stick, terra sagillata, fine bole, or with any other appropriate good medicine, it is exceeding sure, for it fortifieth the other medicine, and doubleth their forces, adding his own also thereto: In extream watchings, and want of rest either inwardly or outwardly taken, it is profitable; if outwardly you would use it, take four or six grains with three drops of oyl of Nutmegs made by expression, mix them together, and binde them in two little clouts, and put it into the nostrils, it will marvailously asswage pains in the head, and cause quiet rest: In the extream bleeding of the nose called haemorragis, it is an approved secret, that sixteen grains thereof divided into two pills, and thrust up into the no­strils into each nostrill one part, helpeth the same: In all kinde of Feavers it is good to be given with water of Wormwood or pill-wise alone, and if the heat remain after six hours, you may give it the second time, and after that again in like time safely, not exceeding the dose; yet let your own experi­ence lead you, that where you see three grains will not cause rest, in the next potion you may give one grain more, and so encrease paulatim, but encrease not but upon good deliberation: In burning Feavers it asswageth thirst, and provoketh sleep, chiefly in those Feavers in which the party seemeth to have some shew of rest, with tedious dreams and slumbers mixed: In the disease called Asthma, [Page 107] and in the Ptisick, if it be used in water of hysop it will preserve the diseased Patient a long time: It conserveth the naturall heat, strengthneth the spirits, repaireth strength lost: It is also effectuall to be given to melancholy people, which are void of reason, and are troubled with the passions of the heart: It is likewise used with good effect against vomiting, and the hickeck proceeding of wind, faintness or debility of the ventricle: In the super­fluous defluxions of the excremental, or menstrual blood it is an excellent remedy with crocus martis, or red corral: In phrensies, and madness, both in­wardly and outwardly it is good mixed with Aqua vitae, and the temples anointed therewith: In the falling-sickness, with Spirit of Vitriol or the quintessence of Camphire, with alo oyl of Al­mond it is usually taken; but beware you use not this medicine to any which are feeble through a great cough, being oppressed with tough phlegme, and shortness of breath, for there it is not good. The dose is, two three, or four grains; if there be loosness of the belly, as is rehearsed it worketh much better. It is best given in any occasion ac­companied with waters, or other medicines which are most appropriate to the diseases, and parts dis­eased, and yet may very well be given alone in a Pill, which I willingly do, for that the Patient then is least troubled with the taste thereof; the compo­sition is as followeth,

  • [Page 108]℞ Opii Thebaici,
  • Succi Hyoscyami debito tempore? one ounce and half.
  • Collecti & in sole prius inspissati one ounce and half.
  • Spec. diambrae & diamoschi fideliter
  • Dispensatorum, of each two ounces and half.
  • Mummiae transmarinae selectae, half an ounce.
  • Salis perlarum,
  • Corallorum, of each three drams.
  • Liquoris succini albi per alcohol vini,
  • Extracti,
  • Ossis de corde cervi, of each one dram.
  • Lapidis bezoartici,
  • Unicorni animalis vel mineralis, of each one dram.
  • Moschi,
  • Ambrae, of each one scruple.

In want want of right potable gold not sophisticated, you shall adde these things,

  • Oleorum Anisi,
  • Carvi,
  • Arautiorum,
  • Citriorum,
  • Muistae,
  • Caryophillorum,
  • Cinamomi,
  • Succini, of each twelve drops.

Make of all these a masse, or extract according to Chymistry, out of which you may form your pils, as hereafter shall be shewn; As first,

[Page 119]℞ The roots and rinds of the younger hem­lock, casting away the inward woody part thereof; the time of the gathering thereof is in Summer, the Moon being in the sign Aries or Libra, and before the full of the Moon, and if it might be done, it were best to be gathered in the very hour the Moon enters into one of the said signs; this ob­served, let the juice thereof be pressed out, and filtred, and coagulated, then set in the Sun to harden, which done, extract the tincture thereof with Spirit of wine; the opium must be purged in some distilled water, as of hysop or the like, as you would wash aloes, and then extract the tincture thereof with Spirit of wine; as also the tincture of the species of Diam­brae, must be extracted with Spirit of wine.

The juyce of henbane with the extract of opium mingled together, with the Spirit of wine whereinto they are extract before, is to be evaporated from them ere that they be mixed with the rest of the ingredi­ents, also the opium and juyce of henbane must be digested in chymical manner for a month at least, that thereby their sulphu­rous, venemous, and dangerous vapours they have may be well corrected, which [Page 110] vapours have a yellowish froth, or scum seen in the superficiall parts of them, and are very obnoxious and dangerous, which I thought not amisse to advise the studious and industrious Chymist of; let all the extractions be done in the true spirit of wine well rectified, and then the longer the extract remaineth in the digestion, the better will by your medicine.

He that intendeth any part of this composition for women, must forbeare the Musk and Amber­greece, and use with it rather foure grains of good Caster [...]um. I mean in that one dose he intends to give the women; the Faeces of the Opium, Henbane, species of Amber, &c. after their tinctures are ex­tracted from them, are to be calcined, and brought into salt, namely by infusion in some fitting Li­quor after calcination, with all due filteration, eva­poration, and coagulation, with Cohobs conve­nient, and added to the rest of the Composi­tion.

And concerning the tinctures mentioned to be extracted in spirit of Wine, after one month dige­stion, the spirit of Wine is to be evaporated by Bal­veum Maria, the residence be almost of the thicknesse of hony, which done and gathered into one convenient glasse porrenger, or the like instru­ment, then adde the salt of Corall and pearles, and the Mummie beaten fine, and also the Bez [...]ar and [Page 111] Harts, Musk, and Amber all in fine powder, and well mixed the said extracts, then adde the aforesayd salts of the recited faeces, and also the former recited Oyls, all of them first mixed toge­ther with Liquor of Amber wel shaken together in a glasse viol, with a few drops of spirit of wine, for that the said spirit of wine causeth the recited Oyles well to incorporate; which done, and that they are all mixed in one, and added to the former▪ the Laudanum is ready, onely if you could forbear your medicine so long, that it might afterwards stand in a small Alimbeck of glasse with a blind head one month, it would be much the better.

I have the rather mentioned this medicine in my book, because so many dangerous Compositions are dayly sold for currant, Laudanum Paracelsi O­piati, to the extreame hazard of the lives of very many, and to the great prejudice of the Common­wealth; and for that the yong Artist be not decei­ved with the false Compositions. though indeed it is impossible to espy some cunning deceits, which are in this medicine, yet these rules following will instruct the buyer.

First therefore see the Laudanum be even, not having any course, greety, or grosse thing in it, but that it will clearly dissolve, as juice of Licorice will that is well made.

2. If there be either honey or sugar in it, it is false.

[Page 112]3. If it be not much after the consistence of juice of Licorice well made, it is either false, or foolishly compounded, and will not keep.

4. If it retain the strong loathsome favour of O­pium, it is not to be trusted.

5. If it be not meerly of one colour, that you can see none of the ingredients appeare at all, it cannot be good.

This Composition well and truly made, must be smooth, and well smelling, of such indifferent hardnesse, that without additions you may roll it into Pills, and is not greatly ponderous, or heavy, but it is of an unpleasant taste, and therefore best given in a Pill, except necessity urge the contrary, or in outward means.

Philonium Romanum.

THis Opiate is good in the plurisie, Collick, and any internall paine or griefe, it causeth sleep, stayeth flux of bloud in the inward parts, and sneesing; allayeth the griefs of the belly, spleen, Liver, and Reins caused by cold wind and crude humours; and taketh away the hicket: the dose is one scruple, and is augmented or decreased, as years and strength of the patient require. It is thus made.

  • ℞. Piperis albi,
  • Sem. Hyasciami albi, of each five drams.
  • Opii, two drams and halfe.
  • [Page 113]Cassiae ligneae, one dram and halfe.
  • Sem. Apii, one dram.
  • Sem. Petroselini macedonici veri,
  • Feniculi,
  • Dauci Cretici, of each 2 scruples 5 grains.
  • Croci, one scruple and halfe.
  • Spicae Indicae,
  • Pyrethri,
  • Zedoariae, of each fifteen grains.
  • Cinamomi, one dram and halfe,
  • Euphorbii,
  • Myrrhae,
  • Castorei, of each one dram.
  • Mellis dispumati, pondus triplum.

Mingle them, and make them into an Electuary.

Philonium Persicum.

THis is good against the overmuch flowing of womens naturall visits, and the Haemorrhoids, and against the flux of the belly, against vomiting, and spitting of bloud, it doth also consolidate Ulcers and veins; it is made as followeth.

  • ℞. Piperis albi,
  • Hyoscami albi, of each twenty drams.
  • Opii,
  • Terrae Lemniae, of each ten drams.
  • Lapidis Haematit. praeparat.
  • Croci, of each five drams,
  • Castorie.
  • [Page 114]Spicae Indicae,
  • Euphorbii,
  • Pyrethri,
  • Margaritarum,
  • Succini,
  • Zedoariae,
  • Doronici,
  • Trochiscorum Ramich, of each one dram.
  • Camphorae, one scruple,
  • Mellis rosati optimi triplum.

Mingle them, and make them into an electu­ctuary.


Pillulae aureae, or Golden-pilles.

THese Pilles are cholagogal, attracting choller, yea and phlegme too from the superior and inferior venter, and therefore purge the head, senses and eyes, and restore the eye-sight; their dose is one dram: they are thus made,

  • ℞ Aloes,
  • Diagredil, of each five drams,
  • Rosarum rubrarum.
  • Sem. apii, of each two drams and half.
  • Feniculi,
  • Anisi, of each one dram and half.
  • Mastiches,
  • [Page 115]Croci,
  • Trochiscorum alhaudal, of each one dram.

Powder them, and make them up into a stiffe masse with honey of Roses strained.

Pillullae Cochiae.

THese purge choler, and phlegme from the head, the liver and all other parts, wherein such hu­mours are contained, the ordinary dose is one drachme; They are made as followeth,

  • ℞ Specierum Hiera Picrae Galeni, ten drams
  • Pulpae Colocynthides three drams, one scruple
  • Diagredii, two drams and half.
  • Turpeti,
  • Staechados, of each five drams,

Make them up with syrup of stachos into a masse.

Pilles sine quibus, or without which I would not be.

THey wonderfully purge choler, phlegme, and melancholy, they are most properly good against the cataract and dimness of the eyes, pre­serving the sight, and curing the griefs of the ears, they also help the pains and griping of the upper guts; they are thus made,

  • ℞ Aloes lotae, fourteen drams.
  • [Page 116]Myrabol. Citrinarum,
  • Myrabol. Chaebularum,
  • Myrabol. Emblicarum,
  • Myrabol. Indarum,
  • Myrabol. Bellericarum,
  • Rhabarbari,
  • Mastiches,
  • Absinthii,
  • Rosarum rubrarum,
  • Violarum,
  • Sennae,
  • Agaricae,
  • Cassuthae, of each one dram.
  • Diagredii, six drams and half.

Make them into a masse for Pilles with syrup of the juyce of Fennel with honey.

Pilles of Ruffus.

THese Pilles are called pestilential, because they are usually given in the pestilence, or plague, rather to prevent infection then cure the infected, the body being freed from excrements by the Aloes, from putrefaction by the myrrhe, and by saffron the vital faculties are quickned; they are very stomachical; and where any oppression of the stomach doth require gentle purging, these Pilles excel; their dose is ℥ j s. They are thus made,

  • ℞ Aloes optimae, two ounces.
  • Myrrhae electae,
  • Croci, of each one ounce.

[Page 117] Make them up with the syrup of the juyce of Ly­mons according to Art.

Pilles of Euphorbium.

THese are very good against the Dropsie and Scurvy, for they calisie the stomach, and in­trails, purge water abundantly, prevail also in re­moving the cause of humors, and bring aid for the pains of the loynes, and gout, proceeding from too much humidity; the dose is from ℈ j. to ℥ s. mix­ed with Pilles of Cochia; they are thus made,

  • ℞ Euphorbii,
  • Colocynthidos,
  • Agarici,
  • Bdellii,
  • Sagapeni, of each two drams,
  • Aloes, five drams.

Make them up with syrup of the juyce of Leeks.


Pulvis arthreticus.

THis is a very safe, and good general purging medicine: It purgeth all podagrical defluxions, and generally any humor or reflection of the body downwards, being given in waters appro­priate to the quantity of one dram; and it is thus made,

  • [Page 118]℞ Hermodactyllorum,
  • Turpeti opt.
  • Diagredii,
  • Sennae,
  • Rasurae cranii humani,
  • Sacchari, of each of these one ounce powdered.

Mingle them, and keep them close in a glasse.

Confection Hamech,

PUrgeth choler, melancholy, and salt phlegme, and is therefore with great benefit used against diseases arising from the same, the canker, leprosie, or dry scarf, madness, ring-worm, itching, scabs, and the like, the dose is six drams in fumaterry-water; it is thus made,

  • ℞ Cort. myrabolanorum,
  • Citrinarum two ounces.
  • Myrabol Chebularum,
  • jugrarum,
  • Violarum,
  • Colocynthidos,
  • Polypodii quercini, of each one ounce and half.
  • Absynthii,
  • Thymi of each half an ounce.
  • Sem. anisi,
  • Faeniculi,
  • Flor. rosarum rubrarum, of each 3 drams.

Beat them, and steep them in two pintes of Whey one day, then boyl them to one pinte, rub them [Page 119] with your hands, and strain them, and to the liquor adde,

  • Succi fumariae,
  • Pulpae prunorum & Uvarum passularum, of each half a pound.
  • Facchari albi,
  • Mellis dispumati, of each one pound.

Boyl them to the thickness of honey; when it is almost boyled enough sprinkle into it

  • Agarici trochiscati,
  • Sennae tritorum, of each two ounces.
  • Rhabarbari triti, one ounce and half.
  • Epitymi, one ounce.
  • Diagredii, six drams.
  • Cinamoni, half an ounce.
  • Zinziberis, two drams.
  • Sem. fumariae,
  • Anisi,
  • Spicae nardi of each one dram.

Make them into an electuary, s. a.

Benedicta laxativa.

BEnedicta laxativa purgeth out slimy humors, most especially such as are in the joynts; it draws from the head, reins, bladder, and every part, it is most used in Clysters, the dose six drams; it is thus made,

  • ℞ Turpeti electi, ten drams.
  • Diagredii,
  • [Page 120]Cort. rad Esulae praep.
  • Hermodactyllorum,
  • Ros. rubrarum, of each five drams,
  • Cary ophillorum
  • Spicae nardi,
  • Zinziberis,
  • Croci,
  • Saxifragiae verae,
  • Piperis longi,
  • Amomi vel ejus defectu,
  • Calami aromatici,
  • Cardamomi minoris,
  • Sem. Apii,
  • Petroselini,
  • Carni,
  • Faeniculi,
  • Asparagi,
  • Rusci,
  • Millii solis,
  • Salis gemmei
  • Galangae,
  • Macis, of each one dram.
  • Mellis dispumati triplum.

An electuary s. a. It is best to keep the powders well thrust together into a pot, and close covered, and when you use them put the honey to them.

Aloe Rosat.

PUrgeth the head, and stomach very well, and killeth worms, being made up into Pills, and so swallowed; the dose is one dram: it is thus made.

  • ℞. Aloes succotrinae lucidae pulv. four ounces.
  • Succi rosarum damasc. depurati, one pound.

Put them together to the Sun, or in Balneo untill all the moysture be exhaled, then adde more juice, and again evaporate it, thus do foure times, and then put up the made in a pot close covered.


And first of Aloe.

IT removeth cold flegmatick and cholerick hu­mours by purging, digesting, and driving them out; it is a Soveraign medicine for the stomach, and outwardly applied it stayeth bloud amongst other astringent powders, and is incarnative. It is the juice of a plant: the dose is one dramme or more.


THis root powdred fine, will purge very well watry humours, and opens the Liver, is given in the Dropsie, Scurvy, and the like to the quantity of one dram.


RUbarb is hot in the first degree, dry in the se­cond, of an astringent nature, is good for the stomach, and Liver, and against the bloudy flux; purgeth downwards cholerick humors, and there­fore very profitably used against hot Feavers, in­flammations, and stoppings of the Liver; the dose that binds is halfe a dram with Conserve of Roses; to purge take from one dram to halfe an ounce.

Polipody of the Oake,

IS dry in the second degree, openeth the body, and bringeth away black choler and phlegme, helpeth the Cholick, and griping of the belly, and also the obstruction of the Spleen.

Harts horne rasped.

THis is a cordiall simple, given in want of Uni­corns horne, and not unfitly, it comforteth the heart, and is good against poyson, provoketh urine, openeth obstructions, easeth the Chollick, disper­seth wind, killeth wormes in the body, is good a­gainst pains in the reins, or bladder, and being ta­ken upon each occasion in Liquors proper to the former griefs, it is much the beter in force. Harts horne burned, and powdred, is good against the bloudy, or any other flux of the belly.


IS hot and drye almost in the fourth degree, and besides his extreame, and notable acrymony, it hath a certain faculty of purging, whereby tough and cold phlegme with choler, and water, are ta­ken away.


IS hot in the second degree, dry in the first, is good for the braine, quickeneth the sences, chear­eth the heart, causeth digestion, helpeth the disea­ses of the breast, lungs, and liver, it mollifieth all hardnesses, and ripeneth all tumours.


CHyna roots prevaile much in the cure of the French pox; and are good for the giddinesse of the head, taketh away the pain of the stomack, and obstructions, and are profitable for the drop­sie, Collick, and gripings of the belly, moveth u­rine, causeth sweat, and are helpfull against Con­vulsions, the Palsey, and pains of the joynts, and a singular remedy against a Consumption.


IS of a hot quality, causeth sweat, specially ex­tinguisheth the heat of venereall poyson, and is good for the articular diseases, ulcers, and phleg­matick [Page 124] humours, and principally it is good against the French pox.


DOth exsiccate, attenuate, open, purge, move sweat, resisteth contagion, and infecti­on, and doth wonderfully cure the French Pox, old ulcers, scabs, and Ring-worms; the best use is by decoction in faire water.


IS in all his qualities temperate, yet inclining more to heat, it is agreeable to the lungs, and breast; rotteth phlegme, moveth expectoration, cureth the cough, helpeth breathing, and is profitable for the reines, taking away the sharpnesse of urine, dissol­veth the stone, and healeth the sores of the kidneys, and bladder.

Juice of Licorice,

IS likewise temperate in all his qualities, but ex­ceeding somewhat in heat, somewhat it doth le­nifie the throat, and mitigate the asperities of the Arteries, cleanseth the bladder, and is good for the cough, moveth expectoration, and is very profita­ble against all vices of the Lungs, and throat.

Powder of Licorice,

IS of the same nature with Licorice, it is much used to roll Pils in when they are too soft.


IS cold and dry in the first degree, digesteth, softneth, and ripeneth all hard swellings; Is good for inflammations, excelleth against the soreness of the throat, refrigerateth, comforteth, strengthneth, is abstersive, and provoketh utine: I commonly use it thus, Put a heaped spoonful into a pinte of run­ning water, boyl it a walm or two, pour out that water into a bason, and use it when it is cold, either for Juleps or emulcions, or any other waies.


ARe hot and dry in the third degree, doth dis­cusse the windinesse of the stomack and bow­els, stoppeth the bloody-flux, lask of the belly, moveth urine, and monthly-visits in women, breaketh and bringeth away the stone, helpeth ob­structions of the liver, amendeth the breath, and is good for the falling-sickness.


ARe hot in the third degree, dry in the first, corroborateth the stomack, openeth the ob­structions [Page 126] of the lungs, liver, and kidnies, and cau­seth abundance of milk in womens breasts.

These two seeds are used in carminative Cylsters.


CAraway-seeds are of the same nature, and ver­tue with Anniseeds, and are used in Clysters to break wind.


ARe hot and dry in the third degree, they atte­nuate, digest, resolve, discusse wind, dissipate flegmatick tumours, and are good against the col­lick, and tympany.


LInseed is hot in the first degree, temperate in moisture and drinesse, softneth all cold tumors, ripeneth and breaketh impostumes, draweth out thorns sticking in the body, expelleth wind, and griping of the belly, and cleanseth the flesh from spots.


IS hot in the second, dry in the third degree, doth mollifie, discusse and mundifie; helpeth cold hard swellings, impostumes, and gout in the feet, wasteth and lenifieth the hardnesse of the milt, mitigateth [Page 127] heat, profitable for the matrix in women, and cleanseth the skin from many evills, as itch, scurffe, pimples, wheals, and the like.


SUgar is hot in the first degree, looseth the belly, is convenient to the stomack, doth cleanse, digest, take away the asperity or roughnesse of the tongue and siccity, thirst or drought in Feavers, helpeth the reins and bladder, and is profitable for eyes dim of sight.


IS moderately hot, levigateth the parts exaspera­ted; it is effectual against defluxions of humors into the eyes, against pustles and hollow ulcers, it filleth with flesh, stoppeth spitting of bloud, hel­peth the roughnesse, and soarnesse of the breast and throat, and easeth the cough: it is very good in the fluxes of the belly to be given in Cluysters against inflammations, and excoriations in the in­trails.


ARe hot, and dry in the second degree, helpeth the stoppings of the liver, milt, stomack, windinesse of the belly, lask, weaknesse of the kidnies, and stopping of the urine, comforteth the heart and aromatizeth the stomack.


MYrrhe chosen fragile or brittle, light, splen­dent, of little drops, bitter, sharp, which smelleth sweet, full of whitish veins being broken, is hot and dry in the second degree; it openeth the wombe, procureth womens monthly visits, brin­geth forth speedily the birth and is good for the cough, stitch, fluxe and bloody fluxe; it killeth worms, amendeth the breath, closeth up wounds, confirmeth the teeth loose, and slayeth the hair from shedding.


MAstick sweet in smell, white, splendent, brittle, old, and very dry, is hot in the second degree; it helpeth concoction, stoppeth vomiting, confirmeth the power of retaining sustenance, is abstersive; it is profitable also to them that spit blood, or that are troubled with a cough; it at­tracteth flegme from the brain, and is good for the breath.


PItch is hot and dry in the second degree, it dis­cusseth, conglutinateth, mollifieth, maturateth, suppleth the hardnesse of the matrix, and hard tu­mours, cureth ulcers, filleth them that are hollow up with good flesh, and helpeth cold aches, and the gout.


ROsin is hot, mollifying, discussing, and clean­sing, and being taken inwardly is good against the cough, mendeth the breast, provoketh urine, concocteth crude matters, looseth the belly, ex­pelleth the stone and gravel, and is excellent for the cure of green and fresh wounds.


TUrpentine is hot in the second degree, it is cleansing, mollifying, and operative; it is good taken inwardly for the shortnesse of breath, ptisick, stone, collick, cold, and windy affections of the breast; it provokes urine, and sends forth gravel; it avails much in the running of the reins, used outwardly it is good in wounds in sinewy places, it fils wounds and ulcers with flesh, and is used much in Emplaisters and Unguents.

Waxe yellow and white.

YEllow waxe doth mollifie, and heat, moistneth temperately; it is good to amend the milk in Nurses breasts coagulated, it assawageth pain hea­leth wounds and ulcers, and hath commonly a place in all good Unguents and Emplaisters; it is good medicine to be drunk or eaten, and so swal­lowed down for to cure the exulceration of the stomack or intrails in fluxes, where inward exul­cerations [Page 130] are to be feared; white-wax is colder then yellow.


HEarts-suet is of a hot nature, doth asswage aches, resolveth and mollifieth hard tumours in any part of the body, and by experience is found very good administred in Clysters, to heal the ex­coriations of the right gut; for it is avodine, and very sanative.


IT hath a lenifying, and avodine quality, and therefore it is not unprofitably used for mitiga­tion of sharp humours, asswaging of pain, healing of burnings with fire, and very fitly mixed with Cataplasmes appointed for that purpose.


IS sowr in taste, spungy, and white in shew, un­savoury in smell, and weighty, having a sharp quality; it is of a cold faculty, cleanseth, and di­gesteth; it is good against inward bruises taken in­wardly, and the place contused anointed there­with, and a Paracelsus plaister put over it, or Greek-pitch; it is also good for spots and mor­phew in the skin.

Dragons blood.

IS cold and dry in the first degree; it is of an astringent quality, it closeth up wounds and con­firmeth the weak parts, and stayeth the fluxe of blood inward or outward; it is used outwardly, with other astringent powders.


ARe used outwardly to raise a blister, and sometimes inwardly to move urine, but not without danger.


IS very dry and astringent; it is a good medicine in resisting the fluxes of blood, helping the Ca­tarrhe, dysentery, and ulcers of the mouth: It is good, in the Pestilence, and all other like in­fections.


Is astringent, mendeth putrified ulcers drieth the moist, consumeth proud superfluous flesh, taketh away the itch, and cureth the scab, and is very pro­fitable in lotions for ulcerations of the mouth, throat, or elsewhere: Being burnt, it is most used to dry up ulcers, and induce a cicatrize.

White Coperas,

IT is good for Collyriums, or lotions for the infir­mities of the eyes, namely against itchings, a­kings, smartings, defluxions, and opthalmiaes of the eyes.

Album graecum,

OR white dogs turd, is hot and astringent, stayeth the Lask, cureth the Squinancy, hel­peth the Dysentery, and driveth away Feavers, that come by course; and is very good to strew the fundament, fallen down withall, being powdred and sifted through a Lawn or Sarcenet.

Trochisks of Red-lead.

THese trochisks consume proud flesh, mundifie sordid ulcers, as also callous or hard flesh, and wonderfully cures Fistulaes. They are thus made.

  • ℞. Medullae panis crudl bene fermentati, four drams.
  • Sublimati electi, one dram.
  • Minii, halfe a dram.
  • Aqua Rosarum, as much as will suffice to in­corporate them into a stiffe paste.

Make them up into what fashion you please with the Rose water, and dry them in an Oven, and keep them for your use.


THis Mercuriall medicine is of the same quality with Mercury, and for killing and curing gives way to no other; it is good to cleanse and dry old ulcers, being mingled with Basilicon; it brings new or old sores to digestion, and stays bloud be­ing applyed upon Lint; it is given in pills against the French pox, but not without great danger, un­lesse it be done with good advise.


IT corrodeth, killeth Lice and Nits, and also the itch; woundeth the intestines, suppresseth urine, swelleth the body, hurteth the stomach, and belly; resolveth, penetrateth, and purgeth.

Lapis medicamentosus.

THis stone being dissolved one ounce of it in a pint of Rain-water, or River-water (not Well-water) and filtered from the dregs, so as it remain cleare, and so wash any old sore with it morning and night, and a linnen cloth wet in it, and layed upon it, and it will heale it in what part soever it be; it stayes all defluxions, cleanseth and comfor­teth the part affected; it fastens the teeth, and keeps the gums from putrifaction; it is good for rednesse and heat in the eyes, or humours, if the corners of the eyes be moystened with a feather; [Page 134] it taketh away St. Anthonies fire, Shingles, &c. if a cloth wet in it be layd upon them, and renewed as soone as it is dry: it heals the scabs of the hands or body, it they be washed at night; it is good a­gainst the Cancer in the breast, or mouth, or any ulcers of the mouth, or throat, being gargarised; it dryes Blisters, or wheales on the feet; it heals all sorts of burninqs, if a cloth wet in it be layd u­pon them, it is thus made.

  • ℞. Vitrioli virid. one pound.
  • Vitrioli albi, halfe a pound.
  • Alumnis, one pound and halfe.
  • Salis nitri, of each three ounces.
  • Salis communis, of each three ounces.
  • Salis Tartari,
  • Absinthii,
  • Artimesiae,
  • Chicoriae,
  • Persicariae,
  • Plantaginis, of each halfe an ounce.

Put the mall into a new earthen pot, and put to them a little Rose Vinegar, and boyle them on a gentle coale fire, ever stirring them untill they begin to grow thick, then adde

  • Venice Cerusse, halfe a pound.
  • Bole armeny, foure ounces.

Mingle them well together, until it grows to the hardnesse of a stone, then let it coole and break the pot and take it out, and keep it to your use; If you [Page 135] will put in gummes, as Myrrh and Frankinscense, you must boyle them very gently lest they burn, and the strength vanish away.

Burnt Coperas,

IS made as burnt Alom is, of any sort of Coperas, and is used to abate spungy flesh in ulcers, and also in all restrictive powders for staying of fluxes; and it helpeth well with other fitting Simples to cicatrize, and also in lotions and gargarismes it is of good use.


ENglish Honey being yellow, the favour and o­dour pleasant, sharp, pure, sincere, cleare, fast, or stiffe, yielding little scum in decoction, is good and very profitable for those that are coctive, as also for the stomack, if one drinke it with water, it helpeth the bladder, and reines, it is good for the eyes, it mundifieth openeth and healeth; as for burnings and scaldings it cureth them without scar, and is very good to heale ulcers of the eares.

Beane meale,

IS cold, and moyst, dissolveth all swellings, is very good for ulcers, evils, and blastings of the geni­tors, and taketh away inflammation of womens paps, made into a poult is with beer and vinegar, it helpeth the swelling of the legs.

Barley meale.

IT is cold and dry in the first degree, dissolveth hot and cold tumors, digesteth, softeneth, and ripe­neth hard swellings, stoppeth the lask, and humours falling into the joynts, discusseth wind, is good a­gainst the scurfe, and leprosie, and allayeth the in­flammations of the Gout.

Wheat flowre,

IS hot in the first degree, stoppeth spitting of bloud, distillations of subtil humours, helpeth the cough and roughnesse of the sharp artery, dissol­veth tumors, and cleanseth the face from Lentils and spots, appeaseth hunger and thirst, and is the principall naturall upholder of the life and health of man.


MIll-dust is used in compositions, to stay fluxes of bleeding wounds.


IS good against the scurfe, itch, and spreading scab, dissolveth the beginnings of hot swellings, doth swage and slake the hard swellings of wo­mens breasts, and the decoction thereof is singular good, to cure the painful exulcerations in the in­trails given by Clysters.

Of the Crows-bills, Catch-bullets, and Terebellum.

THese Instruments are used severally to draw out bullets, arrow-heads, broken bones, pieces of Armour, or Mail, or whatsoever else of unna­tural things gotten into any part of mans body; In the use of them great care and respect must be had not to use extreme violence on the sudden to draw out the offending thing; for it is not alwayes necessary to draw it out by the way of the first wound, but perhaps it may with far lesse danger be thrust quite through the member, and taken out on the other side.

Sometimes a bullet, or arrow-head may be fixed in a bone, or between bones, and then it is far better not to move it, then to offend the part wherein it is lodged or setled; for in such cases oftentimes nature doth better cast it forth, then the Artist can devise to do,


THis Instrument is to dilate, and inlarge the orifice of a wound, for divers respects, though many instead thereof do use the Incision-knife, yet upon several occasions you shall finde the Incision-sheers to be needful and necessary.

The Scrue-probe,

IS an Instrument as long again as an ordinary probe, made to unscrue in the middle, and is used where the small probe is too short to make suffi­cient probation.


THis Instrument is used in dismembring; as namely to amputate or cut any offensive part, or member in mans body; I mean the fleshy parts or whatsoever else may be incised close to the bone, or between the bones, the better to make way for the same, having alwayes in a readinesse an Incision-knife to cut asunder in all places as the knife cannot come at.

Of the Trafine.

THis Instrument was first devised by Mr. John Woodal, a very learned man, whom I do chiefly follow in the method of this Book, as I have de­clared in my Preface, and is of more use then the Trapan, as I have divers times experienced, and I use it according to the said Mr. Woodals direction in his book, which because it is not in every place, therefore I shall rehearse his own words whereby the Artist may finde the use of it, and by practise come to gain more knowledge of it.

It is first to be considered that the pinne there­unto [Page 139] belonging (which is in the middest of the head) being placed truly in the Center, be artifici­ally made of good steel, and that it be triangular also, that it be sharp each way, well pointed, and stand fast in the instrument, and also that it stand no lower, but alwayes somewhat higher then the circumferent teeth of the head of that instrument do; for because the said pinne in the center guideth the circumferent tooth-headed-saw to the begin­ning of the work, and in the agitating and mo­ving the Trafine with the hand to and fro in this work, the said pin may first take hold ere the teeth of the instrument touch the scull, for the said pinne is not onely appointed as a rule and guide, and also as the stay to the work; which done, namely when the tooth, head, orbe, or saw, hath taken round hold, then the sooner the better, the Artist is to take up the instrument to wipe and cleanse the teeth thereof, and draw out the said pinne in the cen er, the which he may no wayes omit; which done, he is by the agitation of his hand onely to and fro to pierce, and having pierced, as it were half through, he is again to take up his instrument, and cleanse it, and then again to proceed in pier­cing by the motion of his hand to and fro, untill he have in all parts gone through the cranium, which if he diligently regard in the tender observant mo­tion of his own hands; I mean, he that pierceth shall sensibly feel when the bone is penetrated [Page 140] through on each part, which considered, then drawing of his instrument, he shall finde the peece of the cranium so removed, fixed with the head of the instrument.

But note, neverthelesse there is a great care to be taken by the Artist in the manner of the pier­cing, and taking out the peece of the frustrated bone divers wayes.

And first, let him be sure ever to place the bro­ding head of the Instrument that pierceth so, that the triangular pinne in the center thereof be set upon a firm part of the cranium or scull, yet al­wayes provided it be as near the fractured part thereof as may be.

Secondly, the Artist is to consider, that as he which pierceth the cranium with a small streight head, such as the Trapans were accustomed to have, as is said, by the giving way of the small scrue that fasteneth the head of the Trapan, the patients life may be endangered, namely if the cranium be throughly pierced, the instrument ca­sually should slip down upon the dura mater, as my self to my grief once saw; even in like manner he that useth a ragged taper-head of a Trafine, how safe soever, may be guilty of endangering his pa­tient, if he be not careful in the manner of his piercing; namely that after his instrument hath taken hold round with the teeth, if he either leave the pinne untaken out, the said pinne being longer [Page 141] then the teeth of the instrument, he may wound the pannicle dura mater before the peece intended to be taken out be pierced through in each part, or that he do not at the least twice or thrice in the time of his piercing the cranium, take up and cleanse the teeth of his instrument with a clout, thereby as it were to mistrust himself, as fearing whether it have in all parts pierced through, or no, or how much, or in which part he is wanting for fear of going too deep, otherwise he may kill his patient ere he doth finde or perceive he is through; for a work so seldome used, and the errours thereof being of so dangerous a consequence, the Artist, though otherwise discreet, by omission oblivion, or other improvidence, be wanting in some obser­vation highly worthy of regard; wherefore it be­hooveth him to suspect himself, and be cautions, for that a man can never be too wary in such a busi­nesse: for although the peece every way may be pierced, and removed out of his place, yea and con­tained within the Trafine head, yea and stick to the same, yet the Artist may by his hand be mistaken, and think it not to be through, for that the instru­ment sticketh as firmly, and as fast in the place when the peece is out, and within the orb [...] of the Trafine, as it did ere it was divided, and as if it had not gone through: hereby if the Artist ob­serve not his intermissions by forbearing now and then his piercing, as is said, and sometimes view [Page 142] his work, and cleanse the teeth of the instrument ere it be through he is subject to go too deep, and wound the dura mater by the continued motion of his hand, notwithstanding the peece of the cra­nium is compleatly removed, and resteth within the head of the said instrument.

Further he adviseth the young Artist to make triall on a Calves-head, or the like subject, before he put it in practise upon a man; for indeed a Sur­geon can never be too fearful of omission, or of over-doing, for hereby he doth often run himself into divers inconveniences to his great reproach and damage.

Of the head-saw.

THe head-saw is an instrument by which a vent may be given sometimes through the cranium, and thereby the use of the Trapan, and also of the Trafine may be forborn. I do use this instrument made about the length of a finger, and about half an inch broad, well toothed, but not too rank, the point turning upward like the top of a fauchion, and toothed all the way, so that with the compas­sed top I can divide what I see good in the cra­nium, and with it also I can take off a finger or toe as occasion shall serve; and this way I use ra­ther then cutting mullets or chissels, they being so apt to shatter the bones, and with this of the mem­ber [Page 143] be stedfastly held, or bound to some peece of wood, it is taken off very cleanly.

Of the dismembring-Saw.

THis is the instrument which the Artist shall never use without terrour, knowing that the subject whereon he is to work is the most precious of all the creatures of God. The use of it is to cut in two a bone, either of the arm leg, or thigh, after that the flesh is seperated from it by the amputa­tion-knife, and the periostaen scraped away with the back of the same knife, that the Saw may the more surely and firmly take hold upon the bone.

Of the Speculum oris.

THere are two sorts of these instruments, that is to say, a Speculum oris plain, which taketh hold under the chin, and holdeth the mouth open and the tongue down both at one time, and is very ne­cessary in applying medicines to the root of the tongue, Uvula, or roof of the mouth. The other is a Speculum oris with a scrue, thereby by degrees to force, and wrest open the jaws in the Lethargie, Convulsions, Scurvie, and many other dangerous diseases, and for conveying nourishment into the mouth of the Patient; and these two instruments cannot well be missing in a Chyrurgions closet.

Speculum Ani.

THe name of this instrument declareth to what use it serveth, namely to the fundament, onely to open the same as occasion shall be offered upon any disease happening in that part, as excoriation, ulceration, fistula, &c. Let him that useth this instrument have a care not to force needlesse dilation, lest hee bruise the muscles of the sphincter, which divers times will mightily resist the opening instrument, yea and the pa­tients owne will, and then if the Artist desist not from his purpose, he may make dangerous consequences.

Of the Cauterizing-irons.

THese instruments have been far more used of the Ancients, then now they are, they being ter­rible to the patients, and therefore forborn in many cures. But they are very necessary to cauterize, or sear the end of any vein or artery in a great flux of blood, which cannot otherwise be staied; and to cauterize the end or stump of a bone after dismem­bring, and also the ends of the veins, and arteries; and truly, although there are other wayes practi­sed by some, yet I hold this way far better and surer, because the heat of the instrument doth con­sume the venemous humidity abiding in the part, and draweth it outwards, and comforteth much [Page 145] the parts adjacent; they are used very fitly to open Apostumes, and to make fontanels or issues be­hinde on the head, or in the neck in the apoplexie, epilepsie, &c.

Of large Spatulaes.

LArge Spatulaes of wood and iron, must be al­wayes in a readinesse to stir either Emplaisters, or Unguents in the compounding, or any other liquid composition whatsoever.

Forceps for Teeth.

THe forceps of several forms are to pull out a tooth, of which the Artist shall be stored with two or three of several sizes and fashions, and a punch to force out a stump of a hollow tooth, which cannot be laid hold on by the other instru­ments.

Of the small siringe.

THe small siringe, though many pretend to have the true knowledge of the use thereof, yet they fail very grossely.

Your siringe ought to be of tinne or silver, kept very clean, having one for watry injections, ano­ther for oyly, well armed with tow, the spouts sound, without flaws, and very smooth, and going very steddy, not delivering the liquor by jumps; and in using this instrument for the gonnorrhaea, [Page 146] when you have put it into the passage of the yard, your best way is to rest both your elbows on the Patients thighs, he sitting somewhat high, or standing bowing forwards; strive not to fill the siringe too full at once, for then it will not so easily be delivered, as being too far from thy reach, let the first be delivered between glans and praeputium holding the praeputium close together if it may be, only to wash the passage; the next bout thou shalt take the yard in thy left hand about the middle, not pressing it hard, and then put in thy siringe as far as thou canst leasurely, and resting thy arms as aforesaid, and then deliver the inje­ction, holding thy left hand so as it may not come out again, but be conveyed to the neck of the bladder, getting another to fill the siringe againe, and deliver that as the other was, not removing thy hand, and then the water will come into the bladder, and this way thou mayest inject as much water as thou wilt into the bladder with­out pain.

Let not the medicines to be injected be too hot, nor too cold, a little warmer then pisse is the best temper, and use no mercury, sublimate, or preci­pitate in the lotions, for though they have good qualities, yet to a young Artist they may prove very dangerous, used by way of injection into the yard.

The siringe is not here limited, but is necessarily [Page 147] used in wounds, ulcers, and fistulaes, for griefs in the mouth and throat, as shall be declared when we come to speak of the curing of such diseases.

Of the Clister-siringe.

THis is is a very necessary instrument, and there­fore I would advise the Artist ever to have one in readinesse well armed with tow, with two or three pipes well fitted, that it be kept very clean, drawn out and hanged up in two or three parts to keep it sweet and the tow from rotting, there is also belonging to this instrument, a croo­ked neck like an elbow, that in what manner so­ever the Patient lye, the medicine may be admi­nistred to him, and therewith also a man may give himself a clister without the help of another. You must be sure to have the tow put on even close and full that when you pour in the liquor, not one drop can come out by the staffes end, and you must also have a Clyster-pot of pewter, or rather of brasse for melting, with a spout, the better to deliver in­to the siringe the liquor without a funnel, and this pot must contain at the least one pinte and a half; when you put in the liquor into your siringe, you shall draw down the staff close to the end, having a cork ready to stop the other end, and so lay it down till you be ready to use it: when you are ready to use it, you shall pull out the cork, holding the [Page 148] siringe upright for spilling, and then serue on the head, and dip the end of it in some fat thing, and put it up as far as you can, laying it in as even po­sition as you can, and then deliver it untill all be in the gut, and then let the Patient turn himself on his back, forcing himself by all possible means to keep the medicine given him for one hour if he can. Sometimes it falleth out that by reason of the hard­nesse of the excrement in the gut, the holes of the siringe-pipe are like to be choaked and hindered from delivering the medicine, in such a case (the excrement being made clammy and not hardened) put upon the end of your siringe-pipe that first entreth the gut over the holes of the same pipe, a thin oyly clout that may cover all the holes, and so put it in clout and all, thrusting the same as aforesaid, up to the thick part or head of the pipe, then a very little as it were draw back your hand, and deliver your Clyster with a very good force, thrusting the pipe in the delivery close up to the body that nothing come back.

But if you finde such a resistance in the gut, that the medicine by the aforesaid means will not enter, then with the hereafter mentioned spatula mun­danum, draw out part of the hard excrements which hinder, and then proceed as aforesaid to give your Clyster; moreover many are grown so weak, that they are not able to retain the medicine cast into their bodies the due time, you shall then [Page 149] in this case make use of some soft clout, tow, or the like to hold it in, whereby they may take the benefit of the clyster administred.

Concerning the quantity of a Clyster to be given, we usually give a full pinte, about as warm as pisse newly made, and observe that in dange­rous fluxes when we give comfortable Clysters, we oftentimes force them up as far as we can, I mean the liquor by thrusting the staffe harder; when you draw out your siringe, let it be washed and wiped clean, and the staffe drawn out of the bar­rel, and hung up, and this you shall find to be a more cleanlier, easier and safer way to administer a Clyster, both for the Chyrurgion, and also the Pa­tient, then the ancient Clyster-bag and pipe, which are often rotten and putrified, that when they are used, do break in the work, and so spoyl all.

Of the Cathaeter.

THe Cathaeter is an instrument very necessary amongst the rest, that if any obstructions hap­pen, either in the passage of the urine or neck of the bladder, through slime, gravel, the stone, or the like accident, which by the artificial use of a siringe cannot be removed, then is this needful in­strument to be used, as also to make search for the stone in the bladder.

If therefore you have occasion to use it, put it [Page 150] in gently, as followeth namely with the crooked or dependent part downward, so far as it will be put in, being first anointed with a little oyl of Almonds, or some fresh grease, or some oyl, for want of the afore-rehearsed▪ and being put in as you can without much force, then feel by the root of the yard near the fundament with the fore­finger anointed with butter or oyl (or the middle-finger of thy other hand) where the end of the Cathaeter resteth, or beareth out, then put in the Cathaeter, yet further towards the fundament, pressing or bearing down as it were, a little, the lower part of the said instrument with the upper hand, which stayeth the Cathaeter, then, together with the help of the lower finger of the other hand, turn the Cathaeter upwards, putting it also withall forwards a little, and it will slip into the bladder, then draw out the wier within the instru­ment, and the urine will come forth, still keeping the instrument carefully within the bladder, till all be run out, that gently will come without forcing.

Moreover you may by putting in the longest finger into the Patients fundament (the Cathaeter being in the bladder, and the water drawn out) feel easily if any stone be in the bladder, the party grieved standing, and bending his body likewise forward.

It willbe also necessary to have searching candles of [Page 151] waxe, to be used in caruncles, or ulceration of the neck of the bladder, or passage of the urine, and by that you shall finde out the place where the said grief is, and also be able to convey apt medicines to the place grieved; but indeed it is a work that re­quireth good deliberation well to effect it, for an expert workman may easilly be seen herein to erre, except he take good regard.

Wherefore when by the candle you have found the certain place of the grief, which you shall per­ceive when you thrust the candle into the yard by the stops and stayes which it will finde in the said passage: be carefull to observe the just length to the further end of the said stop of place agrieved, and there if you mark your candle well, you shall perceive the full length and breadth of the disease, then upon the said candle you shall fasten the me­dicine you intend for the grief; as namely, if the disease be a kinde of spungy flesh, as often it is, then a little alumen ustum, or vitriolum ustum will be fitting medicines, or what else you know most fit for such an occasion, and print it according to the depressed part of the waxe into the waxe­candle, and convey it warily to the place, and let the candle remain in the yard, but have a care you keep it not in till the waxe melt too much, then draw it out, and arm it as before, and put it in again, and ever alter your medicine upon the searching candle, as you see cause; and forget [Page 152] not to use good injection also, which will helpe much.

Of the Cupping-glasses.

YOu shall finde these to be very useful in many businesses; namely, to fasten upon a bubo to bring it forward, for which they are very good; sometimes also to set upon the upper part of the shoulder blade to draw back humours, which op­presse the head, eyes, or teeth or against Lethargie, or on the thighs against aches or pains there, and to bring down womens courses, or for the cure of the Sciarica they are very good; or to draw blood or spirits to a member withered or benummed with the dead palsey, sometimes also they are applied without scarifying to attract humours to a place; at another time they are set with scarification to draw blood and choller out of any member offen­ded with them.

They are used divers wayes, some with tow, some with a small waxe light fastened to the bot­tome, some with a great candle: but for my self, I have used all those wayes yet finde none better then to fasten a little dry tow to the bottome of the g [...]ss with a little waxe, and then rub well the part with hot water, and a sponge where you will set your glasse, then light your tow with a candle and clap it upon the place, and it will stick fast, and draw up a great bump, then presse the skin with [Page 153] your finger close to the glasse and it will come off, then if it be fitting, take a lancet, and lightly sca­rifie the place, and then set on your glasse again, and draw as much blood as you shall think fitting, then wish the place with fair water, and dry it well with a sponge, and anoint it with a little fresh butter, and it will be whole; scarifie not to deep, for that is dangerous and needlesse, you must have several Cupping-glasses, some bigger then others, for the greater are for the thighs, a little lesse for the arms, and the least for the hands and feet; for if your glasses be too wide, they will not take hold.

Of Blood-porrengers.

BLood porrengers are necessary for any Chy­rurgion, thereby to be the more certain of the quantity of blood which is let forth; for since the blood of man is so precious, it behooveth to be very carefull how, and what proportion is taken away. The Porrengers which we ordinarily use, hold about three ounces, and to fill two and a half of these at a time, although the Patient be very strong, is enough, although you be forced to open the vein again the next day; for it is alwayes bet­ter to take away a little blood at a time, then to let forth so much as to the swouning of the Pa­tient, by which happen many dangerous acci­dents, except the party have a plurifie, or some [Page 154] such urgent occasion shall offer it self; for I hold it a great deal better to offend in taking away too little blood, then too much, but indeed our Coun­try is now so stored with a company of empiricall Ideots, who (whatsoever the disease be) presently upon sight of the urine by which they discern as much as in a glasse of beer, cry out to open a veine, and then they must either bleed twelve, fourteen, or sixteen ounces, or else they think their Patient counts not his money well given, and thus people are abused, feeling either ache, numnesse, or a chilling cold in that part so long as they live after.

Of the Spatula mundana.

THis instrument I have divers times used, though it be but lately invented, and with good successe in extream costivenesse, when no purging medicine, either upward or downward would do any good; you may if occasion offer, open the fundament with a Speculum ani first, but most commonly it is easily forced into the funda­ment of it self being anointed with grease, and so put up the spoons end, and therewith draw out the hard and over-dried excrements, by which means the body will return again to his naturall habit.

The Diet-Pot,

IS made either of brasse, or earth, and serveth for boyling drinks of severall sorts or kinds, in Fea­vers, Calentures, &c. for boyling Lotions and other Decoctions upon severall occasions.

Weights, and Scales.

THese are things in a manner sleighted by many, yet they are the things upon which depends of­tentimes the life or death of the Patient: let the Artist therefore be stored with two paire of Scales, one for ounces, the other for grains, with two good even beams, both them and the pans kept clean scowred; now because many having Scales and weights scarce have the true knowledge of them, I will therefore set downe what kinde of weights we ordinarily use.

There are two sorts of weights now used, the Troy weight containing twelve ounces, and that is it which the Gold-Smiths use, and we also di­vers times. The other is Averdupois weight, which contains sixteen ounces, and is used by the Grocers and others, and is indeed generally used amongst the Apothecaries.

  • A pound of Avoir dupois weight hath sixteene ounces, and is marked thus, lb.
  • An ounce hath eight drachms, and is marked thus, ℥.
  • [Page 156]A drammne hath three scruples, and is thus mar­ked, ʒ.
  • A scruple hath twenty graines, and is thus known ℈.
  • And a Barly corne, Wheat, or Pepper come may be used for a graine, which is known by this marke, gr.
  • Two drams is the weight of eighteen pence in money, one dram of nine pence.
  • And our measures agreeing with our weights most usually are as followeth.
  • A wine gallon of water containeth eight pound.
  • A pottle foure pound.
  • A quart two pound, and hath this mark, qr.
  • A pint one pound, and is thus noted, pi.
  • And of ordinary Salet oyls, seven pound and a halfe is accounted a gallon. And thus much I thought good to write concerning the weights and measures, that there may bee no mistake in the Artist.

Of the Lancet.

Next I would advise the Artist to be alwayes provided with a Case of good Lancets, which he shall ever carry in his pocket, that they may be ready upon any occasion, and also the better to keep them from rusting; let them be clean and well set, not too speare poynted, nor too thin, for if they [Page 157] have either of those faults, they will not make a good orifice.

When you come to use them, you shall (after you have taken notice of the veine you intend to o­pen) make a ligature about the arme some three fingers bredth above the place you purpose to cut, in this manner: take a yard of your wosted garte­ring, or a strong List, or in want of these a wo­mans Fillet will serve (but linnen and silke are apt to slip) put your bandage upon the arme, and turn the ends both round the arme and meet them to­gether on the outside, so that it come twice about the arme, and then tye them on a single bow knot, which will easily be loosed upon occasion; then put a thick staffe in the patients stand to gripe fast, and with your hand chafe well the vein that it may rise full, if it lye deep and be small, you shall fo­ment it with warm water, rubbing the place hard with a linnen cloth until the vein appeare; make your orifice large, not deep, for the larger the ori­fice is (so that it be not too large to spend the spi­rits by tumbling out the bloud too fast) the lesse danger there wilbe of apostumation: when your orifice is too small, the place wil presently puffe up with winde: alwayes strike the vein in a little cross, not just along the vein, nor quite overwart, but slanting, and if you go not deep enough at the first stroake, thrust in your Lancet quickly in the same orifice a little deeper; but if you chance to [Page 158] strike besides the veine, then strike presently a lit­tle higher; when you have well noted the place you intend to cut, you shall lay your thumb gently upon the vein just by that place, and with your Lancet between your finger and thumb of the other hand, and your little finger leaning upon the arme, to rest your whole hand the more steddier, gently thrust in your Lancet as far as you shal think wil reach the vein; a little stretching up your hand, whereby you shall gently enlarge the orifice: you may partly feel when the Lancet hath entred the veine; then take forth as much bloud as you shall see convenient, then pull one end of your ligature, and by the slacking of that the bloud will stay, then with your fingers crush out the lappered bloud out of the orifice, and lay on a pledget of Lint dipped in cold water, and a linnen cloth twice double upon that, both which ought to be layed in a rea­dinesse before the ligation be made, and then with the band bind up the arme, going crosse above and below the elbow, still making the band to crosse upon the boulder, and pin or tye it fast, but not too hard, but so as the patient may easily endure it, neither over the elbow, for then the arme cannot be bended, and this binding must remain until the next day, and with a garter or linnen cloath let the arme be tied to the brest.

If the patient chance to faint in the bleeding, let him put his finger far into his mouth and presse [Page 159] down the root of his tongue, and force himself to keck as if he would cast, and it will help, but it he swound then bow him forward, and clap your palm of your hand close upon his mouth, stopping his nose between your finger and thumb, and he will come to himself again presently.

Let none blood, if he have not had a stool that day or the day before.

If any come to thee to be let blood, do it not without good advice where the Physitian adviseth, and thou dost according to his directions whatso­ever happens thou shalt go blamelesse.

Many will upon the least distemper run to a Barber to be blooded, which to get twelve pence he refuses not to do against all sense and reason divers times; for he neither weighs the age, nor considers the disease, but fills the Porrengers, the patient going away perhaps a little eased for the present, perhaps worse, but most of them grow to such maladies afterwards, that they are scarce able to help themselves.

You shall have also young females that have been a little too bold with their sweet-hearts, will come to you desiring to be blooded in the foot, and tell you they want their naturall purgation, when indeed just cause they have, therefore have a great care in such cases, and do it not without advice ei­ther from some learned Physitian, or thy owne judgement and good consideration.

[Page 160]The veins usually opened are in number eight, three in the arm, one in the hand, one in the fore­head one under the tongue and two in the foot.

The first in the arm is called the Cephalica, or head-veine, and lyeth uppermost on the outside the arm, and is opened for aff cts of the head and eyes, and without danger of touching either nerve or artery.

The next is the mediana or middle, or common vein, and lyeth in the middest of the arm, and is opened instead of the cephalick, or basilick veine, when they are difficult to be opened: It is cut ge­nerally in any affect of the body, but beware of going too deep for fear of pricking the nerve or tendon of the two-headed muscle lying under it.

The third is the basilica, epatica, or liver-veine, and lyeth lowest on the inside of the arm, and is opened for to breath the liver and spleen, and hath an artery lying under it.

And because all veines have their original in the liver, therefore if the two first will not easily be ta­ken, then you shall bleed the median or middle veine, or as the general rule amongst Physitians, is to take the fairest appearing veine in the arme, except some principal occasion alter their minde.

The fourth veine is betwixt the ring-finger, and [...]e little finger, and breatheth the liver, spleen, and [Page 161] head, and may be opened safer in weak bodies then any veine in the arm; you shall make a liga­tu e about the wrist, and put the hand in warm water untill the vein appear, chasing it a little to make it rise the fuller, and then with your lancet open it aslant, and let it bleed in the water.

The fifth is the vein in the forehead, which is opened for pains in the head, rhumes▪ distillations of humours, and the like; but have a care of going too deep for hurting the perioranium, and it is ope­ned in good successe in the phrenzie.

The sixt is the vein under the tongue, and is ope­ned in the squinanzy, inflammation and swelling of the amigdals, or Almonds of the throat, Apo­stumes of the mouth or throat, or root of the tongue; but if the Artist be not ready in the taking this vein, let him open the Cephalica of the side affected.

The seventh is the Saphana lying under the ancle, and is opened in warm water as the vein in the hand is, and chiefly to draw down women monthly visits.

The eight last is the vein on the outside the leg called popletica, and is opened in the sciatica and pain in the joynts, and is opened in water as the former.

The Artist having all his instruments thus fit­ted, shall keep them all very clean, oyled, and [Page 162] rowled up in oily clouts, and chose that have edges shall be ever well set and sharp, remembring al­wayes when he hath used any of them to rub them very clean, and dry before he lay them up; have also in a readinesse these things following, viz.

  • A Clyster-pot,
  • Searces of hair and lawn,
  • Splints,
  • Tape,
  • Spunges,
  • Rowlets,
  • A mortar and pestle,
  • Strayners,
  • Junckes,
  • Tow,
  • Clouts,
  • Thred and needles to make Rowlers.

Of Wounds.

BEcause I will not seem tedious, I shall not re­hearse the definition of wounds, which is so much treated of already in all Authours, but shew the Artist what he ought to do, when he is called to a wounded Patient.

First, then the Artist must know that all wounds are either externall, or internall and penetra­ting.

[Page 163]The externall wounds are discerned by sight, or handling.

Those which are internall and penetrating are either in the head, breast, or lower belly, and are discovered also by sight, feeling, or by searching them with an instrument: Now to know what internall parts are wounded by the symptomes, you shall observe,

That if the membranes of the brain be hurt, there follows sneezing, vomiting, bleeding at nose, or ears running, and the like; but if the substance of the brain be hurt, those signs are encreased, and bilious or sharp vomiting is seen, also a Feaver, dull understanding, with alteration of favour, and countenance, stupidity also, and dumb­nesse.

If the breast be wounded, the air commeth out of the wound, the Patient feeleth the taste in his mouth of the things applied to the wound.

If the lungs be hurt, the Patient breatheth hardly with a ratling sound, and his spittle is frothy, pale, and raw.

If the perecranium, that is the skin covering the skull be hurt, sudden, and often sounding some­times ensues.

If the heart be wounded, there follows a cold­nesse of all the members, extinction of naturall beat and speedy death.

If the great veins and arteries in the breast be [Page 164] hurt, an immoderate fluxe of blood, defection of vertue in all the faculties, a cold, and unsavoury sweat doth ensue, and death within few hours.

The Diaphragma or midriffe wounded in the sinowy part, causeth convulsion, hard breathing, sharp feaver, raving, and death; but if it be onely in the fleshy part it hath no such symptomes, and is capable of remedies.

If the recurrent nerves be wounded, there fol­loweth losse of speech, suppression of motion, and sense without recovery.

If the Liver be hurt, there followeth vomiting, ejections of blood, much pain, continuall feaver, raving, resolution of the spirits, cold sweat, and consequently death.

The Liver and the Spleen are alike affected, when they are wounded, onely the symptomes of the Spleen are on the left side the Livers on the right.

If the Stomack be wounded, there follows frequent vomiting, swounding, fainting, and death.

If the Guts are wounded, the excrements will come through the wound unsavoury and putri­fied.

If the Reins or Kidnies be hurt, there follows suppression of urine, with a sore pain in the groin and stones, with swelling even to death.

[Page 165]If the Bladder be hurt, the like symptomes hap­pens as in wounds of the Reins, unlesse the sinewy parts be grieved, for then follows distention of the belly, pissing of blood, vomiting, voiding of urine at the wound, suppression of the faculties, doting, and death.

when the marrow of the back-bone is hurt, there followeth resolution of the sinews (which hindreth the function of sense and motion) volun­tary evacuation of the excrements, putrefaction of the intestines, and death.

A vein cut bleeds thick red blood.

An Artery cut, sends forth yellowish, subtill blood, thin, hot, beating, and flying out by jumps with great violence.

Wounds dressed.

THe manner of dressing wounds, shall be first to view well the part wounded, and to re­move such things as may hinder consolidation, as hairs, broken bones, iron, lead, wood, or whatso­ever is besides nature, with fitting instruments, and with as little pain as may be, not tearing, or break­ing any adjacent vessel, but clear the wound so, as nothing may be left to hinder the good applica­tion of medicines to the grief. Next you shall re­duce the dislocated, and dis-joyned parts, setting and composing the veins and nerves in their right order and places, that the beauty and due office of [Page 66] the member may not be diminished and that it may conglutinate the easier, these being thus united must be kept so together by ligature, future, and such other due, and artifical means as occasion shall offer Then let the fluxe of blood be stayed if any be, by application of the astringent powder following; first making a pledgent of tow, dip it in the white of an egge well beaten, and strow it over with the powder, and lay it on the wound, and rowl it up decently. The astringent powder is thus made,

  • ℞ Aloes,
  • Boli Armeni,
  • Sanguis draconis,
  • Thuris,
  • Myrrhae, of each one ounce.

Powder them finely, and put to them the hairs of the belly of an old Hare cut small, and keep it for your use.

If the fluxe of blood be great, you shall not open it again untill two or three dayes be past; but if the wound be slight, you may dresse it again the next day: In all slight wounds (I mean such as are onely in the flesh without losse of substance) close them as soon a possible, and heal them ac­cording to the first intention, that is by agglutinati­on, by applying such things as have power to com­fort, and consolidate, not to suppurate. If the wound be great with laceration of some vessell, whereby [Page 167] follows a great fluxe of blood; if it be an Artery, the surest way is to cut it in two, and cauterize it at both ends with a cauterizing button or else take it up and tye it, and then cauterize it; if the wound be accompanied with a shattered bone, you shall not apply any thing that is unctious near the bone, but you may dresse it with Spirit of wine and honey of Roses very hot, either by injection or tents untill digestion, or dissolve in your Spirit of wine a little myrrhe and storax, and this dressing must be likewise hot, afterwards by degrees you may use Arcaeus liniment, and Lukatullies balsome prety warm, keeping upon it a mellilote plaister, or Paracelsus; if the wound be in the head with fracture of the scull, you shall next the scull lay a pledgent of dry lint, next that a pledgent armed with Arcaeus liniment hot, over that another dry pledgent to keep the lips of the wound from clo­sing untill the scull be closed, and over all these a plaister of bettonica, or Paracelsus, or mellilot simple.

If it be a shot wound, then at the second dres­sing, you shall use this oyl in case it be a fleshly wound

  • ℞ Ol. Catullorum, two ounces.
  • Ol. Terebinthinae, half an ounce,
  • Ol. Hyperici, one ounce.

Dip in tents, and apply them hot.

[Page 168]But if it be a nervous part, or the bone splintred, then use this following

  • ℞ Spirit of wine or st ong Aqua vitae ℥ ij.
  • Honey of Roses ℥ [...].

Mingle them, and use it warm till perfect dige­stion, and this you shall use in wounds of the head till perfect digestion, and then use Arcaeus lini­ment with a little basilicon, when it is mundified, adde to them the Golden-ointment, alwayes ap­plying them pretty warm.

Make not your tents above the length of half a finger, and twist th m not too hard, that the sauies be not hindred from flowing forth.

When you pull out your tent out of the wound, m [...]r [...]el the end of it, whether it digests or incar­nates. If the wound become to perfect digestion, you shall perce [...]ve the end of the tent covered with matter of good consistence, neither too thick nor too thin of a whitish yellow colour; when it in­carnates, then you shall see a small spot of a reddish matter, something like the Chylus as it issues from the bottome of the ventricle, and you shall shorten your tents untill the wound be filled up with flesh, and then use Diapalma or De minio plaister.

I knew some that never used any medicines to either incised, or contused wounds save Basilicon and the Red-lead plaister, yet cured many.

When you stich a wound, you shall not set your stitches too thick, but after this following [Page 169] manner: set you stitching quill to one side, and with your needle armed with green, or red silk oyled, you shall pierce the skin through on both sides the wound, not taking too much hold for causing of pain, nor taking up too little lest the hold breaks before the edges be agg [...]u [...]inated; then tye your silk (drawing he edges of the wound pretty close) with two knots for slipping▪ and cut off the ends, about an inch from that you may make such another stich; and thus do so often, untill you have joyned the wound.

When you come to dresse a wound, let all your instrument plaisters and tents, or pledgents be laid orderly in a fair platter, with your boulsters and rowlers; your probe armed over the eye with fine lint, either to dry the edges of the wound when you make probation, or to make the wound clean from the sanies that shall be in it, but in this you shall be very carefull that your lint be very fine, and do it very lightly, for the new flesh that grows is as thin as a spiders web, and wil easily be removed.

Warm your unguents in your uvula spoon, or any other spoon, and dip in your tents so that they may be covered all save the head.

If the wound be dressed with pledgents then you shall fill it up with one pledgent upon ano­ther, untill you have made it levell with the mem­ber, and then lay on the plaister, and next a boul­ster of fine cloath of three folds, and then roul it up.

[Page 170]You shall not need to dresse any wound oftner then once in four and twenty hours, except upon necessity.

In wounds of the head you shall use this me­thod following,

First, shave away ths hair, and if any loose bones be, you shall take them out gently without forcing; if the cranium or scull be depressed, raise it gently with the levatory, but if it will not be done gently, let it remain two or three dayes be­f [...]re you try again, for I have seen nature raise a depressed scull of it self; next stay the fluxe of bloud, and roul it up for two dayes, in which time (if the patient hath not bled much at the wound) you shall open a vein in the arm, and if he hath not had the benefit of nature, it will do well to give him a carminative Clyster, made as followeth,

  • ℞ Decoct. com. Clysterum, one pound.
  • Spec. Benedict. laxat. two drams.
  • Mellis, two ounces.
  • Bactyri, as much as a nutmeg.
  • Salis, one dram.

Mingle them all, and give it warm about four a clock afternoon.

Let him eat thin broths, and drink small beer, lying in a good temperate ayre, and free from noise.

But if there be a contusion without a wound, so that symptomes arise with a tumour, then di­latation [Page 171] is needfull that the contussd bloud may issue out, and this must not be delayed; where the scull is broken, be su e to take out clean all spills, or splinters of bones that may lye upon the mem­branes covering the brain, and at every dressing with a little spunge take out the bloud, or matter that shall fall upon them, keeping coals near the wound all the time of your dressing for fear of cold.

If the spirits be weak, it will not be amisse to give the Patient a cordial made after this man­ner,

  • ℞ French-barley, one heaped spoonfull.
  • Running-water, one pound.

Boyl them a walm or two, and pour out that wa­ter, and when it is cold put to it,

  • Syrup violarum, two ounces.
  • Confect Alkermes, one scruple.

Shake them well together, and give him a spoon­full every three or four hours.


VVHen you first see an Ulcer, with an in­tention of undertaking the cure of it, you shall observe whether the Ulcer pierce through the joynt, whether the ligaments be rotten, or the ends of the bones, and the like, whereby you shall plainly see tokens of incurabi­lity; [Page 172] if you perceive none of these then in the name of God go forward on this wise following:

First, give him a potion to purge him made thus:

  • ℞ Pulv. Arthritici, one dram.
  • Trochis. alhaud. four grains.
  • Rad. Jalapi praep. one cruple.
  • Syrup. ros. sol. two ounces.
  • Vini albi, one ounce and half.

Shake them well together in a glasse, and give it the Patient a little warm, if he be strong, and his body be soul, else you must lessen the quantities of the powders; after he is well purged, you shall go forward with your dressing; and the first thing you shall use shall be basilicon mingled with pre­cipitate and laid upon lint, and over it a diacalci­teos plaister, this will bring it to digestion, and thicken the humour; when you perceive the Ulcer to be clean, then you may use diapompholigos and nutritum, or the red desiccative, either of which will both incarnate, stop the humour and cicatrize; but it will not be amisse in the mean time to lay a defensative above the Ulcer, round about the mem­ber made after this manner,

  • ℞ Boli armeni, half a pound,
  • Aceti,
  • Succi plantaginis, of each half a pound.
  • Ol. rosarum, four ounces.
  • [Page 173]Mytellorum, one ounce.
  • Albanien ovi unius.

Mingle all together in a mortar to an Unguent, and lay it upon cap paper pretty thick, and ap­ply it.

Three or four dayes after you have purged your Patient, you shall give him a good sweat, which you may do with eight grains of Antimony diaphoretick made into a Pill with a little Mithri­date.

It will be convenient likewise to give him a dyet-drink of China, sarsaparilla, polipodium, and the like, as you shall finde in the compositions, but this you need not do, unlesse it be an old foul Ulcer in abody full of grosse humours.

When you find the Ulcer begin to incarnate, you may dresse it three or four dayes with onely dry lint, and then three or four dayes with unguent, and then to dry lint again, keeping still over it either a plaister of Red-lead, or diacalciteos.

If the Ulcer have any cavities, it will be the surest way to lay them open by incision, and fasten a cupping-glasse upon it to draw out the filthy hu­mours that are gathered to the place.

Never suffer an Ulcer to be round, for that will either hardly or never heal; and if you see the edges grow thick like lips, then you shall scarifie them with a lancet, and let out the grosse bloud which hinders the healing.

[Page 174]To correct proud and spungious flesh in Ulcers or Fistulaes, you have Trochisks of Red-lead.

But to cleanse and hea [...] Ulcers, or Fistulaes that are troublesome, I will give you one receit of Feruelius, which you will finde to be worthy the taking notice of and it is this,

  • ℞ Of the best sublimate, twelve grains,
  • Plantain water, six ounces.

Boyl them in a well glased vessel close covered, untill half be wasted, and with this wash the Ulcer or Fistula, with a probe armed with line, as occa­sion shall offer.

I will not much inlarge my self in directions concerning Wounds and Ulcers, because I have al­ready in my Compositions shewed you the vertue the quality of medicines fit for the purpose, and the Artist must endeavour to know the true way of application of them by his practice; onely thus much I thought good to publish (out of mine own practice) for the benefit of the younger sort of Chyrurgions, and so I will proceed to Fractures and Dislocations which I shall touch very briefly.

The Cure of fractures and dislocations.

First let the Artist lay the patient in a fitting po­sture, that he may conveniently extend the member, then let him appoint one man to take the end of the member in both his hands extending it by degrees, not on a sudden and by jumps: let him place another to hold the patient that he move as little as may be; the Artist standing by the pa­tient shall graspe the fractured part with both his hands, and as the other extends the member, he shall with his fingers reduce all the fractured bones to their places.

But before he begins to reduce them, he must make ready such things as are needfull, and necessary for the worke, as first a plaister of Diapalma about six inches broad, or so big as will cover something more than the fracture, and long enough to com­passe the member; two cloaths three double of the same length, three or foure splints armed with Tow, a large cloath lo lay over them, and foure or five lengths of broad Tape; and lastly a junck of straw to lay the member in, and boulsters of cloth and tow to put in the hollow places, that the mem­ber may lye levell.

When the Artist hath reduced all the fractured bones, then let him lay on the plaister, and two men holding the part steddy, let him put on his two folded cloathes, one a little above the fracture, [Page 176] the other a little below, so that the edges of them may meet, then lay on the splints so near one ano­ther, as there may be the bredth of a splint betwixt every one: let them not be so long as to gaul the next joynts, then put under your Tapes and type on the splints gently, neither too hard for fear of gan­grene, nor too slack becaus then the fractured bones may fall asunder; next you shall cover all with a large cloath, and then put it into a junck and bind it on fast putting boulsters into the hollow places, and then lay the member upon a pillow or cushion as strait and levell as may be.

Lay all the clothes on very smooth, without wrinkle or seam, and so broad as that the ends of the splints may rest upon them and not on the bare member, and so let the Patient rest in his bed at least six dayes, unlesse there be pain, or any other cause whereby you are forced to open it; then you may open it to give it ayr, and so binde it up again as before untill fourteen dayes, when you may re­nue your plaister.

See that the Patient have every day a stool either by Nature or Art, and let him have a cord fastned to his bed to raise himself by to ayr his back and hips, lest they excoriate with too much lying.

If the fracture be with a wound, you must so order your clouts and splints that you may dresse the wound, and not unbinde the member, use no unctious medicine near the bone, but dresse it, as I have shewed you in the discourse of wounds.

[Page 177]You may do well to give the Patient a spoonfull or two of the juyce of the root of Salamons seal in White-wine every morning fasting during the first six dayes.

As for Dislocations, the manner of reducing them would be too tedious for my intended bre­vity, I will therefore set down some short in­structions which will be necessary concerning the handling of a Dislocation after it is reduced.

You shall therefore presently anoint the joynt with oyl of Camomile, Dill, Earth-worms, or the like, and lay over it a plaister of Diacalcitheos, and so roul it up artificially, and let it have rest.

Some use to lay upon a joynt after it is reduced a Cataplasme of bolus, and the white of an egge, which is very good, as I have divers times expe­rimented.

For tumours arising in a Dislocation, whereby the reducing of the joynt will be something troublesome, to asswage them you may make use of a Cataplasme made of oat-meal, and Linseeds boyled in beer, or water, with a little oyl of Elders; but if the tumour be not above three dayes standing, then if you reduce the bone, the tumour will presently cease.

Thus much shall suffice for this Discourse, wish­ing the Artist as he meets with Authours to his purpose, to collect notes of what he findes want­ing here, for if I should set down all particulars, [Page 178] I should increase my book far beyond the bounds of a pocket book, for which I intended it, that it might be ready upon all occasions to re-in-force a weak memory.

The operations of sundry Simples.

  • FAir water.
  • Verjuyce.
  • Aloome water.
  • Acasia.
  • The yellow in the midst of the Rose.
  • Clay.
  • Flowers of Pomgranates.
  • Bole armony.
  • Orpin.
  • Berberries.
  • Shephards-purse.
  • Knotgrasse.
  • Coriander.
  • Liverwort.
  • Morell.
  • Nightshade.
  • Houseleek.
  • Sowthistle.
  • [Page 179]White-starch.
  • Asarabane.
  • Shephards-purse.
  • Knotgrasse.
  • Wall-flowers.
  • Dragons.
  • Horse mint.
  • Grommel.
  • Mace.
  • Mother of pearle.
  • Maden hair.
  • Manna.
  • Cypresse-nuts.
  • Doves-foot.
  • Cinque-foil.
  • Raspeberries.
  • Crains-bill.
  • Sealed earth.
  • Burnt-bones.
  • Lindtree
  • Cobwebs.
  • Quinces.
  • Camphire.
  • Endive.
  • Oade.
  • Groundpine.
  • Greatburre.
  • Bastard-saffron.
  • Rib-wort.
  • Dog-bane.
  • Harts tongue.
  • Mints.
  • Yarrow.
  • Mulberries.
  • Goose-foot.
  • Paper.
  • Monks rubarb.
  • Sanicle.
  • Saxifrage.
  • Salamons-seal.
  • Medlers.
  • Tamarisk.
  • Periwinkles.
  • Dragons-bloud.
  • Wormwood.
  • Sothernwood.
  • Celandine.
  • Mulleine.
  • [Page 180]Avens.
  • Assa fetida.
  • Garden smalledge.
  • Mouseare.
  • Goats-beard.
  • Castoreum.
  • Gentian.
  • Devils-bitt.
  • Docks.
  • Bayes.
  • Balm.
  • Barley.
  • Raddish.
  • Rosemary.
  • Agrymony.
  • Roots of daffadillies.
  • Roots of bryony,
  • Onyons.
  • Carawaies.
  • Euphorbium.
  • Lye of ashes.
  • Pitch.
  • Madder.
  • Cammock.
  • Rye.
  • Sene.
  • Verjuce.
  • Ginger.
  • Smallage.
  • Beetes.
  • Cucumbers.
  • Cubebs.
  • Capers.
  • Bettony.
  • Wood of Cassia.
  • Sowbread.
  • Coloquintida.
  • Diagredium.
  • St. Johns wort.
  • Lupins.
  • Honey.
  • Palma Christi.
  • Tumarinds.
  • Rosin.
  • Agrimony.
  • Fumatory.
  • Beans.
  • Hermodactils,
  • Hysop.
  • Polipody.
  • Turbith.
  • Gith.
  • Ground-pine.
  • [Page 181]Vinegar.
  • Mugwort.
  • Almonds.
  • Germander.
  • Cubebs.
  • Brookelime.
  • Angelica.
  • Smallage,
  • Root of Asarabacce.
  • Rue.
  • Carawaies.
  • Sowbread.
  • Hysop.
  • Laurel.
  • Horehound.
  • Grommel.
  • Watercresses.
  • Parsnip.
  • Parsely.
  • Savin.
  • Avens.
  • Bearfoot.
  • Hemp.
  • Flax-seed.
  • Pitch.
  • Grease.
  • Faenugreek.
  • Licorice.
  • Fats.
  • Orage.
  • Butter.
  • New-figs.
  • Devils-bit.
  • Rapes.
  • Briony.
  • Buglosse.
  • Lilly-roots.
  • Barley.
  • Violets.
  • [Page 182]Mandrake.
  • Garden-poppy.
  • Houseleek.
  • Oppium.
  • Henbane.
  • Lettuce.
  • Nightshade.
  • Fleabane.
  • Aloes.
  • Borax.
  • Balausties.
  • Cipresse.
  • Dragant,
  • Litharge.
  • Drosse of Iron.
  • Grains.
  • Juniper.
  • Mother-pearl.
  • Burnt-lead.
  • Cobwebs.
  • Dragons bloud.
  • Myrrhe.
  • Olibanum.
  • Pimpenel.
  • Asphaltum.
  • Cerusse.
  • Hors-tayl.
  • Bloud-stone.
  • Acorns.
  • Milk.
  • Med'ers.
  • Plantain.
  • Bramble-bush.
  • Frankinscence.
  • Sugar.
  • Wine.
  • [Page 183]Silver, and the drosse.
  • Comfrey, both sorts.
  • Cerusse.
  • Mill-dust.
  • Gum, Arabick.
  • Burnt barley.
  • Spunge-stone.
  • Sarcocall.
  • Colophony.
  • Horse-tayle.
  • Glue.
  • Plaister.
  • Primroses.
  • Cypresse nuts.
  • Aloes.
  • Horse-tayle.
  • Puffes.
  • Gum of the pine.
  • Sorrell.
  • Copperas.
  • Galls.
  • Willow-bark.
  • Dragons bloud.
  • Sealed earth.
  • Juice of Brier-bush.
  • Green Nut shels.
  • Burnt paper.
  • Sumach [...]
  • Frankinsence.
  • Burnt Lead.
  • Oak barke.
  • Cobwebs.
  • Dill.
  • Ox-eye,
  • [Page 184]Germander.
  • Ground Pine.
  • Diagredium,
  • Fearne.
  • Bran.
  • Hyssop.
  • Sponge-stone.
  • Lesser Comfrey.
  • Dates.
  • Orris.
  • Labdanum.
  • Pellitory of the wall.
  • Bread.
  • Water-Bettony.
  • French Lavender.
  • Agarick.
  • Saffron.
  • Uenus haire.
  • Danewort.
  • Fennell.
  • Faenugreek.
  • Mellilote. Elder.
  • Aristolochie.
  • Garlick.
  • Mouseare.
  • Sow-bread.
  • Beavercod.
  • Dogs turd.
  • Ammoniacum.
  • Leaven.
  • Mummie.
  • Doves dung.
  • Stavisacre.
  • Galbanum.
  • Hares suet.
  • Pepper.
  • Polipody.
  • Mustard.
  • Assa faetida.
  • Calamint.
  • Knot-grasse.
  • Leeks.
  • Brimstone.
  • Pennyroyall.
  • Wheat.
  • [Page 185]Root of Daffodill.
  • Vineger.
  • Onions.
  • Gall of creatures.
  • Mercury and his kindes.
  • Ink.
  • Garlick.
  • Copperose.
  • Flowre of Brasse
  • Roote of Hermodactils.
  • Mustardseed.
  • Salt niter.
  • Aristolochy.
  • Anacardus.
  • Cantarides.
  • Coperas.
  • Stavisacre.
  • Garlick,
  • Quick-lime.
  • Capital Lees. Pellitory
  • Onyons.
  • Garlick,
  • Figs.
  • Rue.
  • Wild Smalage.
  • Cantharides.
  • Arsesmart.
  • Nettles. Sea Onyon.

NExt because divers times such things as the Artist intends to use, are not at hand, there­fore I shall shew him briefly what things he may use instead of those he hath not, which are com­prehended in the aforesayd Compositions.

And first for Agarick use Coloquintida, in a lesser quantity, or seed of bastard Saffron double or tre­ble the dose.

For Anchusa in ointments, use red Sanders, or painters lack.

For Sugar, Honey or Manna in Laxatives, but not in binders.

For Bdelliumuse Myrrh in Pils and unguents, but not in Pils of Bdellium, because it purgeth bloud.

For Wormwood, Roman or Pontick, you may use the Wormwood of the place you live in.

As likewise for Parsley.

For Rhapontick use Rhabarb.

For Costus use bastard Pelitory.

For Aristolochia, use one for the other.

For Acorus use Calamus Aromat. in Purgers and movers of urine and months, but in Vomits use Elebor or broomseed.

For Marsh-mallow roots, use Garden-Mallow roots.

For barke of Caper roots, take Bark of Tama­risk [Page 187] root, Elder root, Danewortroot, Popular root, or Bayes root.

For gentian, take the halfe of Asarum and root of Capers.

For Turbith take Agarick in trosses or Colo­quintida in a lesser quantity.

For Indian leaves, and malabathrum, take the leaves of Citron, Cinamon, Mace, or Spike.

For Laurel leaves, take the leaves of Citrons.

For white Poppy, take the leaves of Nightshade or black Poppy in lesser quantity, or white Hen­bane.

For Lettuce, use Garden endine, & contra.

For wild Savory use Lions tooth.

For Agrimony, use Asarabaccae, and halfe of Wormewood.

For Fullers Hearb, take vomit nut and a third part of pepper.

For ground Pine, use leaves of Agrimony.

For Field-Mallowes, take them of the Gar­den.

For Thlaspi, or wild Cresses, use water-Cres­ses.

For Mints, use Balsamint.

For Myrtel leaves, take the berries, or Filberds halfe ripe.

For wild Rue, use Garden Rue dry in great quantity, & contra.

For Lavender spike, use the kindes of Garden Lavender.

[Page 188]For Adianthus, use Polytrichum in the short cough, with the like quantity of Violets, and a little Licorice.

For Turpentine-leaves, take Lentisk-leaves.

For Elder-leaves, take Danewort-leaves, & contra.

For Bettony, use Verven.

For Balme, use Horehound, Citron peels, & contra.

For Mountain smallage, use that of the Garden dry in greater quantity.

For leaves of the Wild-fig-tree, take those of the Garden-fig, & contra.

For Savoury, use Time, or Wild-time.

For leaves of Coriander, use Garden-parsly, but in outward medicines use Wild­carrot-leaves, Parsnep-leaves, either wilde or tame.

For Housleek, use the little Navelwort, & contra.

For Savine, take Cipresse.

For Dorycnium, take Mandrake, & contra.

For Fir-leaves, take the leaves of Poplar.

For leaves of Muncks Rubarb, take leaves of Docks.

For Spurge, take Tythimal.

For White-water-lillies, use the Yellow, & contra.

[Page 189]For leaves of petty spurge, take Tythimal.

For Female fearn, use the Male.

For Smyrnium, use Smallage or Parsely.

For Garden-nightshade, use Winter-cherry.

For Acacia, use juyce of Sloes.

For opium, use juyce of wild-lettice, or tame, but in a greater quantity.

For Opobalsome, use liquid Styrax, or oyl of Myrrhe.

For licorice, use the juyce or decoction, or the juyce of Raisons of the Sun.

For juyce of Citrons, take juyce of Limons.

For Thymelaea take Chamaelaea.

For Sowbread, take Orris.

For Aloe, take juyce of Wormwood.

For Rain-water, use rather River-water then Well-water.

For Carpobalsome, use seed of Lentisk or Tur­pentine, or Cubebs in a lesser dose.

For the licour of the Cedar tree, use the oyl of Juniper bows, or gum of Juniper.

For Xylobalsome, use the tendrels of Lentisk.

For Galbanum, use Sagapenum.

For Sagapenum, use Oppoponax half the quantity.

For Ammoniacum, use Beeglew.

For Oppoponax, use Ammoniacum, Bdellium, or Galbanum.

[Page 190]For Frankinsence, use Mastich or Rosin of the pine dry.

For liquid Pitch, use Pitch dissolved in oyl.

For Pissasphaltum, use Pitch and Bitumen.

For Mummie, take Pissasphaltum.

For Lacca, take Myrrhe.

For Bears-grease, take Fox-grease.

For Goose-grease, take Ducks or Hens-grease.

For Capons-grease, take Hens-greas.

For Antimony, take burnt lead, & contra.

For Lithargy, take burnt-lead.

For lead, take Pewter.

For spodium, take burnt Harts horn.

The manner how to make Reports.

FOrasmuch as upon divers occasi­ons, the Artist maybe called to deliver his opinion, either of the death of any person, or of the weaknesse and deprivation of any member in the function or execution of its proper office and duty, and to give his testimony and report to a Magistrate or Coroners Enquest which may be a matter of great concernment, I have for the benefit of young Ar­tists, and the good of the Commonwealth taken out of Ambrosius Paraus these following rules, to which I have added what I have found by mine own practice.

I shall therefore wish the Artist to observe that exhortation which he gives, that is, That he have an honest minde, and a carefull regard of true piety, the fear of God, and love to his neighbour before his eyes, that he be not carried away with favour or affection, nor corrupted with money or [Page 192] rewards, but to declare the truth wholly and without partiality.

Let the Artist be carefull in the searching of such wounds as are brought to him, that he be not deceived in making his probation, but let the Pa­tient be placed in the same posture he was in when he received the hurt, otherwise a wound may seem by the probe to bee small, when indeed it is mortal. If therefore he be doubtful, then let him suspend his judgement from the first day to the ninth, by which time the accidents and sym­ptomes will manifest the condition of the wound.

The general signes whereby we judge of dis­eases are four; for they are drawn either from the nature and essence of the disease, or from the cause or effects thereof, or else from the similitude, pro­portion and comparison of those diseases, with the season, or present constitution of the times; There­fore if we are called to the cure of a green wound, whose nature and danger is no other but a simple solution of continuity in the musculous flesh, we may presently pronounce that wound to be of no danger, and that it will soon be cured. But if it have an Ulcer annexed to it, that is if it be sanious, then we may say it will be more difficult and long in curing, and so we may pronounce of all diseases taking a signe of their essence and nature. But of the signes that are taken of the causes, let this be [Page 193] an example: A wound that is made with a sharp pointed and heavy weapon, as with an Halberd, being stricken with great violence, must be ac­counted great, and also mortal, if the accidents be correspondent.

But if the Patient fall to the ground through the violence of the stroke; if a cholerick vomiting follow thereon, if his sight fail him, together with a giddinesse, if bloud come forth at his eyes and nostrils, if distraction follow with losse of me­mory and sense of feeling, we may say, That all the hope of life remaineth in one small signe, which is to be deduced from the effects of the wound. But by the comparing it unto the season that then is, and diseases that assault mans body, we may say. That all those that are wounded with Gunshot are in danger of death, as it happened in the Castle and Town of Wallingford in Berk [...], a Garrison of the late King, which being infected with the Plague by those that fled from Abingdon which was fore visited, the ayre became so distur­bed, that very few wounds made by Gunshot, but proved mortal.

If the Patient fall down with the stroke, if he lye senselesse, as it were asleep if he void his excre­ments unwittingly, if he be taken with a giddi­nesse, if bloud come out of his ears, mouth and nose, and if he vomit choller, you may understand that the scull is fractured, or pierced through by [Page 194] the defect in his understanding or discourse. You may also know when the scull is fractured, by the judgement of your externall senses, as if by feeling it with your finger you finde it elevated or de­pressed beyond the naturall limits, if by striking it with the end of a probe, when the pericranium or nervous filme that investeth the scull is cut crosse­wise, and so divided there from it, yeeld a base and unperfect sound like unto a potsherd that is bro­ken, or like an earthen pitcher that hath a crack, or by a thred holden betwixt the teeth, and the other end in your fingers, and strike upon it as upon a Fiddle-string.

But we may say that death is at hand if his reason and understanding faile, if he be speechlesse, if his sight forsake him, if he would tumble head­long out of his bed, being not at all able to move the other parts of his body, if he have a continuall feaver, if his tongue be black with drinesse, if the edges of the wound be black or dry, and cast forth no sanious matter, if they resemble the colour of salted flesh, if he have an Apoplexie, Phrensie, Convulsion or Palsie, with an involuntary excre­tion, or absolute suppression of the urine and ex­crements.

You may know that a man hath his throat, that is, his weason and windpipe cut; first by the sight of his wound, and next by the abolishment of the function or office thereof both wayes, for the Pa­tient [Page 195] can neither speak nor swallow any meat or drink, and the parts that are cut asunder, divide themselves by retraction upwards or downwards one from another, whereof commeth sudden or present death.

You may know that a wound hath pierced into the breast or concavity of the body, if the ayr come forth at the wound making a certain whizzing noise; if the Patient breath with great difficulty, if he feel a great heavinesse or weight, on, or about the midriffe, whereby it may be gatherered that a great quantity of bloud lyeth on the place or midriffe, and so causeth him to f [...]el a weight or heavinesse which by little and little will be cast up by vomiting. But a little after a Feaver commeth, and the breath is unsavoury and stinking, by rea­son that the putrifying bloud is turned into sanies, the Patient cannot lye but on his back, and he hath an often desire to vomit, but if he escape death his wound will degenerate into a Fistula, and at length will consume him by little and little.

We may know that the lungs are wounded by foming and spumous bloud comming out both at the wound, and cast up by vomiting, he is vexed with a shortnesse of breath, and a pain in his sides.

We may perceive the heart to be wounded by the abundance of bloud that commeth out at the wound, by the trembling of all the whole body by the faint and small pulse, palenesse of the face, [Page 196] cold sweat, with often swounding, coldnesse of the ex [...]eam parts, and sudden death.

When the Midriffe (which the Latines call Di­aphragma is wounded, the Patient feeleth a great weight in that place, he raveth and talketh idely, he is troubled with shortnesse of wind, a cough and fit of grievous paine, and drawing of the en­tralls upwards. Wherefore when all these acci­dents appear, we may certainly pronounce that death is at hand.

Death appeareth suddenly by a wound of the hollow veyne, or the great Artery, by reason of the great and violent evacuation of bloud and spirits, whereby the functions of the heart and lungs are stopped and hindred.

The marrow of the backbone being pierced, the Patient is assaulted with a Palsie, or Convul­sion very suddenly, and sense and motion faileth in the parts beneath it, the excrements are either evacuated against the Patients will or altogether stopped, the intestines putrifie and rot, and death suddenly follows.

When the Liver is wounded, much bloud com­meth out at the wound, and pricking pain disper­seth it selfe even unto the sword like gristle, which hath its scituation at the lower end of the breast bone called Sternon, the bloud that falleth from thence downe into the intestines, doth oftentimes infer most maligne accidents, yea and most com­monly death.

[Page 197]When the stomach is wounded, the meat and drink come out at the wound, there followeth a vomiting of pure choler, then commeth sweating and coldnesse of the extreame parts, and therefore we ought to prognosticate death to follow.

When the Milt or Spleen is wounded, black and gross bloud cometh out at the woūd, the patient wil be very thirsty, with pain on the left side, and the bloud breaks forth into the belly, and there putri­fying causeth most maligne and grievous accidents, and oftentimes death to follow.

When the guts are wounded, the whole body is griped and pained, the excrements come out at the wound, whereat also oftentimes the guts break forth with great violence.

When the reins or kidneys are wounded, the patient will have great pain in making his urine, and the bloud commeth out together therewith, the pain commmeth down even unto the groyn, yard, and lesticles.

When the bladder and Ureters are wounded, the pain goeth even unto the entrails, the parts all about, and belonging to the groyne are distended, the urine is bloudy that is made, and the same also oftentimes commeth out at the wound.

When the womb is wounded, the bloud com­meth out at the privities, and all other accidents appeare, like as when the bladder is wounded.

When the sinews are pricked or cut halfe asun­der, [Page 198] there is great pain in the affected place, and there followeth a sudden inflammation, flux, ab­scesse, Feaver, Convulsion, and oftentimes a gan­grene, or mortification of the part, whereof com­meth death unlesse it be speedily prevented.

If a Nurse through drowsinesse or negligence, lies upon her infant being in bed with her, and so stifles or smothers it to death, which we call over­laying; if the judgement and opinion of the artist be required, whether it dyed by default of the Nurse, or by some violent disease lurking in the body, these rules following shall shew the truth of the matter.

If the infant were in good health before, if he were not froward nor crying, if his mouth and no­sthrils now being dead, be moystned or bedewed with a certain foame or froath, if his face be not pale, but of a violet or purple colour, if when the body is opened, the lungs be found swoln and puffed up, as it were with a certain vaporous foam, and all the other intrails sound; it is a token that the infant was stifled, smothered, or strangled by some outward violence,

If the body or dead corps of a man be found ly­ing in the field, or house alone, and it be questioned whether he were slaine by lightning or some other violent death, these signes following will shew the certainty thereof.

For every body that is blasted, or stricken with [Page 199] lightning, doth cast forth or breath out an unwhol­some stinking, or sulphureous smell, so that the Birds, or Fowls of the aire, nor dogs will not once touch it, much lesse prey or feed on it; the part that was stricken oftentimes sound, and without any wound but if you search it well, you shall find the bones under the skin to be bruised, broken, or shi­vered in pieces.

But if the lightning hath pierced into the body which making a wound therein (according to the judgement of PLINY) the wounded part is far colder than all the rest of the body. For lightning driveth the most thin and fiery ayre before it, and striketh it into the body with great violence, by the force whereof the heat that was in the part is soon dispersed, wasted and consumed, Lightning doth alwayes leave some impression, signe of some fire, either by ustion or blacknesse; for no light­ning is without fire.

Moreover whereas all other living creatures, when they are stricken with lightning fall on the contrary side, only man falleth on the affected side, if he be not turned with violence toward the coast or region from whence the lightning came.

If a man be stricken with lightning while he is asleep, he will be found with eyes open: contra­riwise, if he be stricken while he is awake, his eyes will be closed (as PLINNY writes)

Also it may be inquired in judgement, whether [Page 200] any that is dead and wounded, received these wounds alive or dead, Truly the wounds that are made on a living man if he dye of them, after his death will appeare red and bloudy, with the sides or edges swoln or pale round about: contrariwise, those that are made in a dead man, will be neither red, bloudy, swollne, nor puffed up; for all the fa­culties and functions of life in the body do cease and fall together by death; so that thenceforth no spirits nor bloud can be sent, or flow unto the wounded place. Therefore by these signes which shall appeare, it may be declared that he was woun­ded dead or alive.

The like question may come in judgement when a man is found hanged, whether he were hanged dead, or alive. Therefore if he were hanged alive, the impression or print of the rope will appear red, pale, or black, and the skin round about it will be contracted or wrinkled, by reason of the compres­sion which the cord hath made; also oftentimes the head of the Aspera arteria is rent and torne, and the second spondile, and the neck luxated or moved out of his place: also the legs and armes will be pale, by reason of the violent and sudden suffocation of the spirits: moreover, there wilbe a foam about his mouth, and a foamy and filthy matter hanging out at his nosthrils, being sent thi­ther, both by reason that the Lungs are suddenly heated and suffocated, as also by the convulsive [Page 201] concussion of the brain, like as it were in the fal­ling sicknesse. Contrariwise, if he be hanged dead, none of these signes appeare; for neither the print of the rope appears red or pale, but of the same co­lour as the other parts of the body are, because in dead men the bloud and spirits doe not slew to the grieved parts.

Whosoever is found dead in the waters, you shall know whether they wore thrown into the water alive or dead, by these following signes. All the belly of him that was thrown in alive, will be swoln and puffed up by reason of the water that is c [...]ntained therein; certain clammy excrements come out at his mouth and nosthrils, the ends of his fingers will be worne and excoriated, because that he dyed striving and scraping in the bottome of the River se [...]king some what whereon he might take hold to save himselfe from drowning. Con­trariwise, if he be thrown into the waters being dead before, his belly will not be swoln, because that in a dead man all the passages and conduits of the body, do fall together, and are stopped and clo­sed, and for that a dead man breaths not, there ap­peareth no foame nor filthy matter about his mouth and nose and much lesse can the skin of the tops of his fingers be rubbed off, for man is already dead, he cannot strive against death.

But as concerning the bodies of those that are drowned, those that swim on the upper part of the [Page 202] water being swoln or puffed up, they are not so by reason of the water that is contained in the belly, but by reason of a certain vapor, into which a great portion of the humors of the body are con­verted by the efficacy of the putrifying heat: Ther­fore this swelling appeareth not in all men which do perish, or else are cast out into the waters, but in them which are corrupted with the filthinesse or muddinesse of the water long time after they were drowned, and are cast on the shore.

Many are stifled and suffocated by burning Charcoals in a close roome, and sometimes reco­vered, if taken in time, else quite smothered. These you shall perceive their faces wan and pale, no pulse beating, all the extream parts cold, speech and motion cease, so that there is little hopes of re­covering, onely as thus, put your hand to the region of the heart, and if you finde any heat and pulsation, then there is life remaining, else not, therefore if your judgement be required concern­ing any persons found dead in any close roome, you shall enquire whether there were any Char­coals burned there, or observe whether the walls or flours be new whitelimed, and the cause of their deaths will appear.

You shall know that a person is poysoned, when as he complains of a great heavinesse of his whole body so that he is weary of himself; when as some horrid and loathsome taste sweats out from [Page 203] the orifice of the stomack to the mouth and tongue, wholly different from that taste that meat, how­soever corrupted, can send up; when as the colour of the face changeth suddenly, sometimes to black, sometimes to yellow, or any other colour, much differing from the common custome of man; when nauseousnesse, with frequent vomiting, troubleth the Patient, and that he is molested with so great unquietnesse, that all things may seem to be turned upside down, when the Patient swounds often, and with cold sweats.

Those poysons which exceed in heat, cause a burning in the tongue, mouth, throat, stomack, guts, and all the inner parts, with great thirsts, unquietnesse and perpetuall sweats but if to their excesse of heat, they be accompanied with a cor­roding and putrifying quality, as Arsnick, Sub­limate, Roseager, or Ratsbane, Verdigrease, Orpi­ment and the like, they then cause in the stomack and guts intollerable pricking pains, rumblings in the belly, and continuall and intollerable thirst. These are succeeded by vomitings, with sweats sometimes hot, sometimes cold, with swoundings whence sudden death ensues.

Poysons that kill by too great coldnesse, induce a dull and heavy sleep, or drowsinesse, from which you cannot easily rouze or waken them; some imes they so trouble the brain, that the Patients per­form many undecent gestures, and antick tricks, [Page 204] with their mouths and eyes, arms and legs, like as such as are frantick; they are troubled with cold sweats, their faces become blackish or yellowish, alwayes gastly, all their bodies are benummed, and they dye in a short time, unlesse they be helped; poysons of this kinde, are Hemlock, Poppy, Night­shade, Henbane, Mandrake, &c.

Dry poysons are usually accompanied by heat with moisture, for although sulphur be hot, and dry, yet hath it moisture to hold the parts toge­ther, as all things which have a consistence have, yet are they called dry, by reason that drinesse is predominant in them; such things make the tongue and throat dry and rough with unquenchable thirst, the belly is so bound, that so much as the urine cannot have free passage forth; all the mem­bers grow squallid by drinesse, the Patients can­not sleep; poysons of this kinde are Litharge, Ce­russe, Lime, Scales of brasse, Filings of lead, pre­pared Antimony, &c.

Poysons that are moyst induce a perpertual sleep, a fluxe or scouring, the resolution of all the nerves and joynts, so that not so much as their eyes may be faithfully contained in their orbes, but will hang as ready to fall out, the extream parts, as the hands, feet nose, ears corrupt and pu­trifie, and at which time they are also troubled with thirst by reason of their strong heat, alwayes the companion of putrifaction, and oft-times the au­thour [Page 205] thereof: now when this commeth to passe death is at hand; of this kinde are the bitings of Serpents, the venenate and putrifying humidity of the ayre, the Lues venereae and the like.

Being to make report of a child killed with the mother, have a care that you make a discreet re­port whether the childe were perfect in all the parts and members thereof; that the Judge may equally punish the authour thereof, for he meriteth far greater punishment, who hath killed a childe perfectly shaped, and made in all the members, that is, he which hath killed a live chide, then he which hath destroyed an Embryon, that is, a cer­taine concretion of the spermatick body; for Moses punisheth the former with death, as that he should give life for life, but the other with a pecuniary mulct.

I. A. B. Chyrurgion of London, being cal­led this tenth of August instant, to visit T. W. I found him in his bed, wounded on his head with a wound on the left temple, piercing the bone with a fracture, and depression of the bone into the menings and substance of the brain, by means whereof, his pulse was weak, he was troubled with raving, convulsion, cold sweat, and his ap­petite was dejected, whereby may be gathered that certain and speedy death is at hand. In wit­nesse whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

[Page 206] I. A. B. Chyrurgion of London, entring the house of J. R. this twentieth of March, found him hurt with three wounds, one on the hinder part of his head crosse the future Lambdoides, the other overthwart his right hand, cutting the veins, arteries, and nerves, the third in the leg, from the juncture down by the minor facile to the breadth of four fingers; all the danger I can report is, That he will be lame of his hand though never so diligently dressed and healed. In wit­nesse whereof I have hereunto set my hand.

A direction to know by the dayly judgement of the Moone, the danger of falling sick upon any of those dayes.

  • 1. HEE that happeneth to fall sick on this day of the Moone, if his sicknesse be fierce or tedious, shall quickly dye.
  • 2. He shalbe cured, though sore sick.
  • 3. With good care and physick he may be cured.
  • 4. He shal soon be restored to health.
  • 5. He shalbe restored after 10. dayes sicknesse.
  • 6. He shal not be in danger.
  • 7. He will hardly live above 3 months.
  • 8. His sicknesse and languishing will continue a long time.
  • 9. After 9 dayes he shall have health.
  • 10. After 10 dayes he shall amend.
  • 11. Hee shall at last recover, though he be long sick.
  • 12. After 12 dayes sicknesse he shal recover.
  • 13. He shalbe vexed with a long and tedious sick­nesse.
  • 14. No doubt of his recovery.
  • 15. No feare but easily to escape death.
  • [Page 208]16. Keep him from open ayre, and he shalbe in the lesse danger.
  • 17 No Physick will do him any good.
  • 18, 19 20. Good dayes.
  • 21. Mortall and incurable.
  • 22. After three months he shall escape.
  • 23. In few dayes he shall dye.
  • 24. He shall remain sick a long time.
  • 25, 26, 27, 28 29 All good dayes.
  • 30. The sick shall hardly escape, though he use ma­ny good medicines.
Invideunt alij non imitentur idem.

Soli Deo Gloria.

Finis Libri.

A Table of the Contents of severall things contained in this Booke.

  • APostumes. pag. 11
  • Aloe Rosat. pag. 121
  • Aloe. ibid.
  • Anniseeds. pag. 125
  • Alome. pag. 131
  • Album Graecum. pag. 132
  • Artery or Vein hurt. pag. 163
  • Astringent Powder. pag. 166
  • Astringents. pag. 170
  • Abstersives. ibid.
  • Aperitives. pag. 181
  • Attractives. pag. 184
  • Adustives. pag. 185
  • BAsilicon. pag. 11
  • Burnings and scaldings. pag. 13. 12
  • Balsome of Lukatully. pag. 14
  • Bladderings of the skin. pag. 16
  • Basilicon magnum. pag. 34
  • Benedicta Laxativa. pag. 119
  • Bole-armony. pag. 131
  • [Page]Burnt Coperas. pag. 135
  • Bean meale. ibid.
  • Barley meale. pag. 136
  • Blood Porringers. pag. 153
  • Brain wounded. pag 163
  • Breast wounded. ibid.
  • Bladder hurt. pag. 165
  • COnserves to be in readinesse. pag. 4
  • Corrosives. pag. 9
  • Camphoratum album. pag. 37
  • Conserve of red Roses. pag. 89
  • Conserve of Rosemary Flowers. ibid.
  • Conserve of Borage Flowers pag. 90
  • Conserve of Berberries. ibid.
  • Conserve of Quinces. ibid.
  • Conserve of Wood Sorrell. pag. 91
  • Conserve of Sloes. ibid.
  • Confection of Alkerns. pag. 97
  • Confection Hamech. pag. 118
  • Chyna. pag. 123
  • Carraway seeds. pag. 126
  • Cummin seeds. ibid.
  • Canthaides. pag. 131
  • Crow-hills, Catch bullets, and Terebellum. pag. 137
  • Cauterizing irons. pag. 144
  • Ca [...]h [...]r pag. 149
  • [...]ng-grasses. pag. 152
  • [...] of Fractures and dislocations. pag 175
  • [Page]Consolidatives. pag. 182
  • Conglutinatives. pag. 183
  • Corrosives. pag. 185
  • DIrector. pag. 10
  • Diapompholigos. pag. 15
  • Desiccativum rubrum. pag. 16
  • Diacalciteos. pag. 22
  • Diachilon parvum. pag. 26
  • Diachilon magnum. pag. 27
  • Diamoron. pag. 87
  • Diaphaenicon. pag. 101
  • Diacatholicon. pag. 102
  • Dioscordium. pag. 103
  • Dragons bloud. pag. 131
  • Dismembring knife. pag. 138
  • Diet pot. pag. 155
  • A Direction to know by the dayly judgement of the Moone, the danger of falling sick uppon any of those dayes. pag. 207
  • EMplaisters. pag. 3
  • Electuaries to have in readinesse, pag. 5
  • Erisepela, the cure. pag. 16
  • Excoriations. ibid.
  • Emplaister of Bettony. pag. 23
  • Emplaister Griseum. ibid.
  • Emplaister Mellilot. pag. 24
  • Emplaistrum Ceroneum. pag. 31
  • [Page]Emplaistrum Diasulphuris. pag. 33
  • Emplaistrum Necotiani. pag. 34
  • Emplaistrum Sir PHILIP PARIS. pag. 35
  • Emplaistrum Oxicrocium pag. 44
  • Emplaistrum de Minio. pag. 45
  • Electuary of the Egge. pag. 98
  • Euphorbium. pag. 123
  • FOrceps. pag. 10
  • Fleme, the use. pag. 11
  • Fistula's. pag. 14. 13
  • Flesh spongeous abated. ibid.
  • French Barley. pag. 125
  • Fennell seeds. ibid.
  • Fenugreek. pag. 126
  • Forceps for teeth. pag. 145
  • Forehead veine. pag. 161
  • GUiacum. pag. 124
  • Guts wounded. pag. 164
  • HOney. pag. 9
  • Humours stopped. pag. 16
  • Honey of Roses. pag. 88
  • Harts horne rasped. pag. 122
  • Harts Suet. pag. 130
  • Hogs Suet. ibid.
  • Honey. pag. 135
  • Head-Saw. pag. 142
  • [Page]Head-veine. pag. 161
  • Hamme-veine pag. 161
  • Heart wounded. pag. 163
  • INstruments. p. 1. 2.
  • Incision knife. p. 7
  • Itching. p. 16
  • Joleb. p. 121
  • Incision sheeres. p. 137
  • Kidneys wounded p. 164
  • LAxatives to be in readinesse. p. 5
  • Levatory the use. p. 9
  • Liniment of Arcaeus. p. 12
  • Lotion the common. p. 79
  • Lie strong. p. 80
  • Lungs hurt. p. 163
  • Laudanum Paracelsi. p. 104
  • Licorice. p. 124
  • Juice of Licorice. ibid.
  • Powder of Licorice. p. 125
  • Linseed. p. 126
  • Lapis medicamentosus. p. 133
  • Of the Lancet. p. 156
  • Liver veine p. 160
  • Liver hurt. p. 164
  • [Page]MEl saponis. p. 40
  • Mithridate. p. 99
  • Myrrhe. p. 128
  • Mastick. ibid.
  • Mill dust. p. 136
  • Middle veine. p. 160
  • Midriffe wounded. p. 164
  • Mundificatives. p. 180
  • Maturatives. p. 181
  • NEedles the use. p. 9
  • Noli me tangere. p. 15
  • Nutritum Unguent. p. 16
  • Nutmegs. p. 127
  • Nerves hurt. p. 164
  • OIles. p. 3
  • Opiates to be in readinesse. p. 5
  • Golden Oyntment. p. 13
  • Oile of Roses. p. 47
  • Oile of Dill. p. 48
  • Oile of Camomile. ibid.
  • Oile of Wormes. p. 49
  • Oile of Lillies. ibid.
  • Oile of Rue. p. 50
  • Oile of Pepper. ibid.
  • Oile of Fox. p. 51
  • Oile of Castoreum. p. 52
  • [Page]Oile of Euphorbium. p. 53
  • Oile of Amber. p. 54
  • Oile of Nutmegs. p. 56
  • Oile of Costus. p. 57
  • Oile of Wax. ibid.
  • Oile of St. Johns Wort. p. 58
  • Oile of Elders. p. 59
  • Oile of Linseed. p. 60
  • Oile of Egges. ibid.
  • Oile of Whelps. p. 61
  • Oyle of Bayes. p. 62
  • Oile of sweet Almonds. ibid.
  • Oile of bitter Almonds. p. 63
  • Oyle of Vitriol. ibid.
  • Oile of Sulphur. p. 66
  • Oile of Brickbats or Tilestones. p. 67
  • Oile of Turpentine. p. 68
  • Oile of Spike. ibid.
  • Oile of Antimony. p. 69
  • Oile of Myrtiles. ibid.
  • Oile of Origanum. p. 70
  • Oximel simples. p. 87
  • The Operations of sundry Simples. p. 178
  • PLaister box. p. 1
  • Pills to be in readinesse. p. 5
  • Probes small the use. p. 8
  • Paine in Apostumes mitigated. p. 11. 12
  • Philonium Romanum. p. 112
  • [Page]Philonium Persicum. p. 113
  • Pillulae aureae. p. 114
  • Pillulae Cochiae. p. 115
  • Pilles sine quibus. ibid.
  • Pills of Ruffus. p. 116
  • Pills Euphorbium. p. 117
  • Pulvis arthrecticus. ibid.
  • Polipody of the Oake. p. 122
  • Pitch. p. 128
  • Precipitate. p. 133
  • Peri [...]anium hurt. p. 163
  • Stitching Quill the use. p. 9
  • Quicksilver. p. 133
  • RUbarb. p. 122
  • Rosin. p. 129
  • Rep [...]cussives. p. 178
  • Restrictives. p. 183
  • Resolutives. ibid.
  • The maner how to make Reports before a Judge of Assize, of any one that hath come to an untime­ly end. p. 191
  • SAlvatory. p. 2
  • Syrups to be in readinesse. p. 4
  • Simples to be in readinesse. p. 5
  • Sizzers. p. 7
  • Spatula the use. p. 8. 10
  • [Page]Stone in the Kidneys. p. 14
  • Scabbinesse. p. 16
  • Shingles. ibid.
  • Spleene veine. ibid.
  • Spirit of Wine. p. 82
  • Syrup of Wormwood. p. 84
  • Syrup of Lymons. ibid.
  • Syrup of Poppies p. 85
  • Syrup of Roses solutine ibid.
  • Syrup of Violets. p. 86
  • Syrup of Sloes. p. 88
  • Saffron. p. 123
  • Sallaparilla. ibid.
  • Sugar. p. 127
  • Sperma-ceti. p. 130
  • Scrue-probe. p. 138
  • Of the dismembring Saw. p. 143
  • Of the Speculum oris. ibid.
  • Speculum ani. p. 144
  • Of large Spatulaes. p. 145
  • Of the small Siringe. ibid.
  • Of the clister Siringe. p. 147
  • Of the Spatula Mundana. p. 154
  • Saphaena veine. p. 161
  • Spleene wounded. p. 164
  • Stomack wounded. ibid.
  • Spinall marrow hurt. p. 165
  • Stupefactives. p. 182
  • [Page]TRiacle of London. p. 91
  • Triacle Andromache. p. 93
  • Triacle Diatesseron. p. 96
  • Turpentine. p. 129
  • Trochisks of red lead. p. 132
  • Of the Trafine. p. 138.
  • Tongue veine. p. 161
  • UNguents. p. 3
  • Uvula spoone the use. p. 8
  • Ulcers in the reines. p. 11
  • Ulcers. p. 13. 14
  • Ulcers cleansed. ibid.
  • Ulcers in the retnes. ibid.
  • Ulcers painefull. p. 15
  • Ulcers in the yard. ibid.
  • Ulcers in the legs. ibid.
  • Ulcers cicatriced. p. 16
  • Uuguent Dialthaea. p. 39
  • Unguent Populeon. p. 38
  • Unguent AEgyptiacum. p. 37
  • Unguentum Arregon. p. 41
  • Unguentum Martiatum. p. 42
  • Unguentum Agrippae. p. 45
  • Unguentum Tutiae. p. 46
  • Unguentum Splenicum. ibid.
  • Vinegar of Wine. p. 81
  • Vinegar of Roses. p. 82
  • [Page]Ulceratives. p. 185
  • VVAters to be in readinesse. p. 4
  • Wounds in the head. p. 11
  • Wounds incarned. p. 13. 14
  • Water of Mint. p. 70
  • Water of Sassafras. p. 71
  • Water of Carduus benedictus. p. 72
  • Water of Triacle. ibid.
  • Water of Damask Roses. p. 73
  • Water of Red Roses. ibid.
  • Water of White Roses. ibid.
  • Water of Plantaine. ibid.
  • Water of Balme. p. 74
  • Water of Angelica. ibid.
  • Water of Wormwood. p. 75
  • Water of Anniseeds, ibid.
  • Water of Cynamon. ibid.
  • Aqua Caelestis. p. 76
  • Water of Doctour STEVENS. p. 78
  • White starch. p. 127
  • Wax yellow and white. p. 129
  • White Copperas. p. 132
  • Wheat flower. p. 136
  • Wheat bran. ibid.
  • Weights and Scales. p. 155
  • Wounds dressed. p. 165

Reader, before thou perusest this Treatise, cor­rect these Errata's.

PAge 2. line 4. read liniment. line 9. Terebellum. l. 10. dele comma. p. 3. 14. martiatum. 21. adde Colon, ad chim. p. 4. l. 22 solutine. p. 5. 16 Joleb. l. 20. rasped. p. 8. 13. lint. p. 11. 2. quinzes. p. 13. 2. Terebint. p. 15. 4. Te­rebinthinae, delendo cōma. l. 22. solani. p. 16. 4. Erisepela's.

Bookes Printed, and are to be sold by Tho: Williams at his shop in Little-Brittaine.

THe new light of Alchymy, by Michael Sandevogius, with nine Books of Para­celsus of the nature of things; with a Chymi­call Dictionary.

The Art of Distillation: By John French D. M.

Glaubers new Philosophicall Furnaces: or a new Art of Distilling; in five parts: with the tincture of Gold, or the true Aurum pota­bile: Also the first part of his Minerall Worke. All which are faithfully translated into En­glish by J.F. D.M.

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