[Page] [Page] A BRIEF SURVEY OF THE PROPHETICAL and EVANGELICAL EVENTS OF THE LAST TIMES: VVherein that which principally is insisted on, is the Prophetical Little Horn, or Man of Sin, and Evangelical Beast, and his seven Heads and ten Hornes.

Shewing by the Scriptures what they be, when their Rise, what their Work, how long their Continuance, and their End and Ruine.

Much differing from former and common Interpretations hereupon.

Wherein also those Prophecies are briefly touched which con­cern the persecution of the Saints, the falling away of the Churches, the night of darknesse, the Virgins going forth to meet the Bridegroom, the Mystical Whore, the preaching of the Gospel of the Kingdome to all the World, and the gathering of the Jewes into their own Land.

Being a Portion of the paines in searching of the holy Scrip­tures by several of the Members of the Congregation of Orpington in Kent. And now published for the comfort of all those that have an interest in the Lord Jesus Christ, and walt, look for, and long after his coming, Tit. 2. 11, 12, 13.

By Capt. JOHN BROVVNE a Member of that CONGREGATION.

LONDON, Printed by Gartrude Dawson, Anno Dom. 1655



THE Actings of the Al­mighty, in this last Age of the World, are visible to the eyes of all Persons in generall in these Nations, (especially to those that Love and Obey him) over whom Providence hath placed you as the chief Magistrate, in whose hands you have been an eminent Instrument, to bring to pass those things which he had determined so to be, and foretold by his Prophets, the Lord Je­sus and his Apostles; which having in some [Page] measure been discovered to some of His (de­spised in this world) they durst not hide their Talent in a Napkin, but what was freely gi­ven in to them, of knowledge & understand­ing in things yet to be brought to passe, they doe as freely communicate to all, there being duties to be performed by all, and especially by those who have power in their hands to make good use of it, and their time, in im­ploying of it so, as that This Gospel of the King­dome may be Preached in all the World, and the Jews brought to their own Land, that so the Coming and Kingdom of the Lord Iesus to raign on the Earth with his Saints may be hastened; who knowes but that the time of deliverance to his People is nigh; the Lord grant that there may be no curfed Murmurers, or wick­ed Transgressors among us, whereby that de­liverance should yet be retarded a longer time, as it was with Israel for such Transgressions, who were deprived of the possession of the Land of Promise a long time, and wandred in the Wildernesses fourty yeares.

My Lord, the work is great that is to be done, and it will be done in a short time, if we put forth our Selves, Conquest and Liberty to preach the Gospel of the Kingdome go toge­ther; [Page] our eares have heard you have some de­sign on the Western parts of the World, where these glad Tidings were never as yet made known; if Your Highness have any desire that the same should be there, or in any other part of the World published, you need not fear the Attempt.

At your spare time cast your Eye upon what this ushers to your view, and if the Lord have appointed you for the great work that is yet to be done, He will stirre up your heart to a speedy acting therein; to whom our Pray­ers for your direction, and blessing therein, and protection over you (that under your Go­vernment we may live a quiet and peaceable life, in all Godliness and Honesty) shall not be wanting, in whom we desire to be found.

My Lord,
Your Highnesses in all faithfull Obedience to your Commands, not disagreeing to the Com­mand of our God and our Lord Iesus. Signed in the Name of several Believers in Christ, and especially of many of the Congregation at Orpington, JOHN BROWNE.

To all Christian Readers by Profes­sion in general, but especially to such who have made manifest their Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, by yeilding Obedience to all his Commandements.

THis little Trratise comes forth to the publick view of all naked (yet innotent) and that to an encounter with Eminent Expositers (both An­tient and Modern) on this Subject of the Beast, like a stripling David with the great 1 Sam. 17. 4.Goliah of Gath, one of the Sons of 1 Chro. 20. 8.Harephah, well and com­pleatly armed, when little David brings with him onely a 1 Sam. 17. 4. Staffe or Sling, with a Scrip, wherein he puts a few smooth stones which he had taken out of the Brook, con­temptible weapons in themselves for to incounter such a Gyant; such may this seem to be, which shall dare to op­pose the volumes of the many famous Authors, for so many Ages past, who have so largely expressed themselves in their Writings on this Subject, all of them in generall concluding, that this Beast is risen long since, yea many hundreds of yeares past (but with much difference of O­pinion as to the time, as Mr. Tillinghast in his late Trea­tise of the Knowledge of the Times hath observed) when as this doth clearly prove, that he is not yet risen (if they mean the little Horn or vile Person in Daniels Prophesie, or the Beast with seven Heads and ten Hornes in Johns Visions) nor shall not arise till the seventh Head, King or Government be risen and fallen, which is but yet ari­sing; the truth of this, with the event of the Combate, [Page] will evidently appear to such as desire after true Know­ledge (who are not prepossest with the Opinion of other Expositers, like a Vessel that is first seasoned with unsavo­ry Liquor, which will hardly be c [...]eansed, and that not with­out some tang or relish of its first seasoning) there being nothing but plain Scripture proofes (weapons like a Staffe or Sling) and a few Observations out of History (like a few smooth stones out of the Brook) for what we doe al­ledge; as for our Opponents, who are many, how they build one upon another, and adde strength to strength till they become a Gyant (invincible and unanswerable in their own and others Opinions) and armed with a staffe (many Scrip­tures, but how rightly applied weigh and consider) but be­yond that of a Sling, a Spear, whose shaft was like a wea­vers beam, armed with an Iron head weighing six hundred shekels; that is, pretending many hundreds of yeares past for the originall of that which they affirm; so that for poor contemptible ones to come with a new doctrine, a new interpretation of these Prophesies and Visions, may seem very adventurous (possibly to some a rash and a distemper'd brain) yea and be cried down as dangerous and not to be tollerated; but we beg this favour of the Readers, as to be spectators a while, and if any will be Judges let them have patience also, and suspend their Judgements for a time (which will trie the truth of all things) and they may possibly receive some better satisfaction, after a more se­rious consideration of the Scripture Arguments on both sides.

This had come forth in publick sooner, if the Clarke to the Company of Stationers had not refused the En­trance of the Coppy in their Hall Book, for the poor (a Widdow) Printer, because it was not licensed by some of the old Licensers (there being no Law in force for it, [Page] and if there were, what a sad condition would it be, for poor inquiring Souls to be deprived of true light and know­ledge, because the Licensers are of a contrary Judgement) or subscribed by one of the Wardens of that Company, the one refusing to put to his hand, the other her Adversary, from whom she could expect little good; so that Might and Partiallity are as opposite to Good, and as active to the hinderance of the poor Widdow and Fatherlesse as ever.

The Lord teach us all to see the evill of our wayes, and the vanity of our doings, and repent thereof whilst we have time, least our Master call us to an account before we are ready for it. Readers, if ye shall reap any profit by this little Treatise, render unto the Great God and our Lord Jesus Christ a Tribute of prayse for the same, for from him have we received all the Light and Truth thereof; if any thing therein shall upon the Touchstone of the Word be found not to be the true Mettall we bring it for, let that be imputed to us, who have our failings as well as others; be as wise as the Noble Bereans, to search the Scriptures that we have brought for what we affirm, and the Lord give you understanding therein, so prayeth he for you

That have an interest in the Lord Jesus, J. B.


PAge 2: line 1: record, read recorded: l, 30: stability, r: abillety: p: 4: l: 2: not, to be left out: l: 4: gratified, r: practised: l: 32: fall, r: fell: p: 5: l: 19: to others, r: to others not: p: 7: l: 22. Women, r: Woman: p: 9: l: 26: r: Monarchy: p: 17: l: 5: this, r: his: l: 6: Tysris, r: Tygris: p: 18: Berod [...]sh and Merodash, r: Berodach and Merodach: l: ult: r: Tir [...]aka: p: 29: l, 5, r: of Agustus Cesar.

The PASSAGES of PROVIDENCE In Relation to the Actings of Men, and fufferings of the Saints (both Iews and Gen­tiles) from and after the death of our Lord Je­sus Christ are many and full of variety, both as to the time past and to come, which we shall endeavour to lay down and clear, as they lye in Order (as near as we can) to succeed.

THe first thing that was to befall the Saints af­ter the death, resurrection and ascension of Persecuton. the Lord Iesus (and after the gifts of the ho­ly Spirit were given forth (according to his Promise, and command to his Disciples to wait for in Jerusalem, 24. Luk. 49, compared with the 2. Chapter of the Acts and 4. verse) is, Persecution; which is agreeable to what our Saviour had foretold, and recor­ded by the Apostle Iohn 15. Chapter 20. verse; If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you: And the Evangelist L [...]ke declares as much 21. Chapter 12. They shall lay their hands on you (saith he, speaking the words of the Lord Jesus) and persecute you, delivering you up to the Sy­nagogues, and into Prisons, being brought before Kings and Rulers for my Names sake. Yea the Lord Jesus tels us, before we become his Disciples that if we will be his Dis­ciples, we must hate all our dear and near relations, in comparison of him, of loving them, and take up our crosse and follow him, 14. Luk. 26, 27. And this not to be the portion of ordinary Disciples, but also of the most eminent among them, read the words of the Lord Jesus, [Page 2] record by the Evangelist Luke, in his 11. Chapter 49. ver. Therefore also, said the wisdome of God, I will send them Pro­phets and Apostles, and some of them they shall slay and perse­cute. And this persecution is not to extend onely to the Saints who are believers in Christ, but also to the woman (the Church of the Iews) which is to bring forth the man child (which are believers in the Lord Jesus both Iews and Gentiles, of which we shall write more fully hereafter) 12. Revelations 13. and to the remnant of her seed, by the dra­gons making war with them, 12. Rev. 17. which as it had its beginning on Abel (the second person begotten after the Creation) so it will continue to be the portion of Gods people, till their last enemy is destroyed, Gog and Magog, 20▪ Rev. 8, 9 but with some breathing time, as was in the dayes of the Judges; (viz.) 3. Judges 11 Othniel, 3 Judges 30 Ehud, 5 Judges 30 Deborah, 8 Judges 28 Gideon, and others) as also of So­lomon, and a short time in the Apostles dayes, 9 Acts 31. and will be during the whole reign of Christ, for one thousand year upon the earth; for then that ene­my of the Saints, who was (and will be) the chief cause of all the persecution (that they did, or shall go un­der) in any age of the world) will then be chained up, 20. Revel 1, 2, 3. But will be loosed afterwards for a little season, as in the latter part of that third verse before quoted, compared with the 7, 8, 9, verses of that Chap­ter. Therefore the people of God are to take notice of his wisdom and goodnesse to them, in that he knoweth how much better persecutions and afflictions are for them than rest and prosperity, and accordingly administers the same to them, in a proportion to the stability he hath given to every one of them.

Now as we have proved that persecution is the portion of the Saints in this life, because they are not of the world 15. Iohn 19. So the next thing that was to befall the 2. Falingaway of the Churches. Churches, was their falling away from the Truth of that Doctrine that was taught them by the Lord Jesus and his Apostles; and this the Apostle Paul foretels the Church at Thesalonica, that there should be a falling away before [Page 3] the man of sin would be revealed, 2 Thess. 2. 3. The oc­casion whereof is not so much the times of persecution as the Churches neglect of the Light (the Word) that is left them, by which they ought to walk in the times of darknesse. The beginning of the falling away of the Churches; was before Iohns writing of the book of the Revelations, in which the Church of Ephesus is exhorted to Remember from whence she is fallen, and repent and do the first works, ar else (saith Christ) I will come unto thee quickly, and will remove thy Candlestick out of his place, except thou repent, 25. Chapter at the 5. verse.

The said falling away ushers in the 3d subsequent thing that we are to treat on, that is the night of darknesse, which was foretold▪ by our Lord Jesus, The night cometh, saith he, when no man can work. 9. Iohn 4. Also the same Evangelist in his 12. Chapter 35, and 46. verses relateth 3. The night of darkdnesse. more expressions of our said Lord, to the same effect; take the words as they are recorded by him, Then Iesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the Light with you, walk while you have the Light, lest darknesse come upon you: For he that walketh in darknesse knoweth not whether he goeth: I am come a Light into the world, that whosoever believeth in me should not abide in darknesse. We do not say that this night of darknesse was immediatly to follow the death re­surrection, or ascension of Christ; for although he be the Day, or great Light of the world (for by him all things were made that were made, 1 Iohn 3.) according to Iohn the Baptists expression, 1. Iohn 8, 9. And the Sun of righteous­nes, according to the Prophet Malachies Prophesie, in his 4. Chapter 2. verse, compared with Zacharies Prophesie 1. Luke 7. 8. Yet he himself saith, that his Disciples are also the Light of the world, 5. Mathew 14. which they are to hold forth to others, verse 16. Neither doth the said night of darknesse presently follow the decease of the A­postles; for the Apostle Paul tels the Church of Philippi, that although they were in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, yet among them they shine as lights in the world, 2 Philippians 15. As also the same Apostle writ­ting [Page 4] to the Church at Thesalonica declares to them, ye are not, (saith he) the children of light; and the children of the day; we are not of the night, nor of darknesse, 1 Th [...]s. 5. 5. But when once the Churches (who believed and gratified the foundation Principles of the Doctrine of Christ) ceased to be, then came the night of darknesse on.

Now this darknesse was to fall upon the Iewes first, for their rejecting of the Light; the Lord Jesus be­moanes their sad condition for the same, saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! But now they are hid from thine eyes, 19. Luke 42. And the Apostle Iohn relates the ex­hortation of the Lord Jesus to them (the words we have already repeated at large upon another occasion, 12. Iohn 35. which compared with the expressions of the Appostle Paul to the Jews, for their contradicting and blasphem­ing: Then Paul and Barnabas waxed h [...]ld and said, it was necessary that the Word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seing you put it from you, and judge your selves un­worthy of everlasting life; Lo, we turn to the Gentiles, 13 Acts 46. will clear our affirmation.

As this Night of darknesse came upon the Jewes for their rejecting of the Light, so in the second place it came upon the Gentiles for their neglecting of it. The Apo­stle Paul writing to the Church at Rome, bids them have a care of boasting; take his expressions a little at large; Thou wilt say then, the Branches were broken off, that I Rom. 11. 19, 20, 21, 22. might be grafted in. Well, because of unbelief they were bro­ken off, and thou standest by Faith. Be not high minded▪ but fear: For if God spare not the naturall Branches, tak [...] heed least he also spare not thee Behold ther fore the Goodnesse and Severity of God; on them which fall, Severity; but towards thee Goodnesse, if thou continue in his Goodnesse; otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. Compare this with the advise of the Lord Jesus to the Church at Ephesus, Remember from whence thou art fallen, Revel. 2. 5. And withall consi­der well of the words of the Author of the Epistle to the Hebrewes, (who were believers in Christ, and had [Page 5] believed and practised the beginnings of the doctrine of Christ, Hebr. 6. 1, 2.) For (saith he) if the word spok [...]n by Angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobe­dience received a just recompence of reward: How shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation, which at the first be­gan to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him, Hebr. 2. 2, 3.

This darknesse, after the Ascention of the Lord Jesus, decease of the Apostles, and falling away of the Churches, was a general darknesse, and so brought on the night, in which the Virgins were to goe forth, to meet the Bridegroom, The Virgins go forth. the Lord Jesus, Math. 25. 1. But while he tarrieth they fall asleep, vers 5. and at midnight the cry was made, behold the Bridegroom com [...]th, vers. 6. which though a Parable (or dark saying) yet [...]t holds forth something, which then, as to Persons and Time, should be. And to them which have believed and practised the principles of the doctrine of Christ, it is given to know the Mysteries of the Kingdome to others, Math. 13. 11.

Now for the Persons that doe goe forth to meet the Bridegroom, the Scripture (as we have already declared) stiles them Virgins, that is, pure persons, and such as those who have laid the two first foundation Principles, viz. Repentance and Faith: that is, have repented that they have sinned, and doe believe that God hath pardoned their sins by the bloud of the Lord Jesus, and therefore such must needs be pure persons.

But the Scripture makes a clear distinction between the Spouse of Christ and Virgins: Solomon (the wifest of Men) in his Song, speaking in the person of the Spouse to her Beloved, saith, Let him kisse me with the kisses of his mouth, for thy love is better than Wine. Because of the Sa­vour of thy good Ointments, thy Name is as Ointment poured sorth, therefore doe the Virgins love th [...]e, Cant. 1. 2, 3. In which two verses there is a clear distinction I say, be­tween the Spouse (Let him kisse me) and Virgins (the Virgins love thee.) Take one other expression of his in his said Song, chapter 6. 8, 9. There are threescore Queens, and [Page 6] fourscore Concubines, and Virgins without number. My Dove, my undifiled is but one: she is the onely one of her Mo­ther she is the choice one of her that bare her; the Daughters saw her and blessed her; yea the Queenes and the Concubines, and they praised her. For a farther proof of our assertion, that there is such a clear distinction betwixt the Spouse and Virgins, take the words of a man after Gods own heart, the Psalmist David in his 45. Psalm 13, and 14. ver­ses; The Kings Daughter (saith he) is all glorious within; her clothing is of wrought Gold: She shall be brought unto the King in rayment of needle-work: The Virgins, her Com­panions, that follow her, shall be brought unto thee.

Octject. Doth not the Apostle Paul, in his Epistle to the Church of Christ at Corinth, call her there a Virgin? 2 Cor. 11. 2. For I have Espoused you (saith he) to one Husband, that I may present you as a chast Virgin to Christ.

Answ. She is a chast Virgin indeed, but is no where in Scripture called by the Name of Virgins, in the Plurall Number; for Solomon in his Cant. 6. 9. before quoted, saith, My Dove, my undefiled is but one, she is the onely one of her Mother; and that expression of the Psalmist David, Psalm 45. 14. will farther clear this Objection.

Object. If there be such a distinction between the Church of Christ and Virgins, then may not we fafely conclude, that the one hundred fourty and four thousand, mentioned in the 14. Revelations 4. (who are there called Virgins) to be the Virgins that attend the Spouse in the 45. Psalm 14.

Answ. No, sor when the Spouse, or the Kings Daughter, is presented unto the Lamb, she hath both Virgins and Companions attending on her; whereas the one hundred fourty and four thousand are not sealed till after the Spouse of Christ (that is the believing Saints) are ta­ken up; consider well of that part of the vision that the Apostle John saw in the 7 chapter of his Revelations 2, 3, and 4. verses, where after he hath given some account of the opening of the sixth Seal in the precedent chapter from the 12 verse to the end, in the first verse of his [Page 7] seventh chapter, saith, and after these things (which went before in the sixth chapter (not that all things menti­oned in this book of the Revelations are to succeed in order) as they are laid down; but to question the things related in the opening of the seven Seales, whether or, no they shall succeed in order as we find them written­were to question, whether it were day when the Sun shi­neth) I saw four Angels, &c. And in the 2 verse, I saw another Angel ascending from the East, having the Seal of the living God, and he cried with a loud voy [...]e to the four An­gels, to whom it was given to hurt the Earth and the Sea, saying, hurt not the Earth, neither the Sea, nor the Trees, till we have sealed the Servants of God in their foreheads. And I heard the number of them which were s [...]aled, and there were sealed an hundred fourty and four thousand, of all the Tribes of the Children of Israel. Now this doth clearly prove, that the hundred fourty and four thousand, who are called Virgins, cannot be said to be the Virgins that at­tend the Spouse, the Lambs Wife, seeing they are upon the Earth after the said Spouse is taken up. And here­after we shall (with the Lords assistance) prove, that this a hundered fourty and four thousand is the Women that flyeth into the wildernesse, mentioned in the 12. Rev. 6.

Now as we have declared something what the Scripture doth hold forth to be the night of darknesse, in which 2. the Virgins do go forth to me [...]t the Bridegroom; so in the next place we are to consider their actions, what they do.

First, they take their Lamps and go forth to meet the Bridegroome▪ Their Lamps is the Word of God, its the Expression of the holy Spirit, in the mouth of a man after Gods own heart, the Kingly Prophet David in the 119 Psalm 105. Thy W [...]rd (saith he) is a Lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.

Secondly, The wise took Oyle n their vessels with their Lamps; So that there we have a distinguishing of them, for although all of them take their Lamps, yet five of them [Page 8] are said to be wise▪ & five of them to be foolish; that which gives them this tittle is, their taking, or not taking Oyl with them; For the foolish took their Lamps, yet took no Oyl with th [...]m, but the wise took Oyle in their vessels with their Lamps. Their vessels, which all of them had, [...]s their bodies, For proof thereof, take an expression of the Apostle Paul to the Church of Corinth, speaking of the glorious Light of the Gospel of Christ; But we (saith he) have this treasure in earthen vessels that the excellency of the power might be of God, and not of us; 2 Cor. 4. 7. Look also on that portion of Scripture written for our learning in 2 Tim. 2. 21. As also 9. Acts 15. By the Oyle is meant joy and gladnesse, as for Ioy take notice of the Prophet Esaies expression from the Lord to his people; To appoint unto them that mourn in Sion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, and the Oyl of j [...]y for mourning, 61 Esai 3. And for Glad­nesse see what the Spirit of God by the Prophet David, speaking concerning Christ, Thou lovest Righteousnesse, (saith he) and hatest wickedn [...]sse, therefore God, thy God hath annointed thee with the Oyle of gladnesse above thy fel­lows.

Thirdly, They slumbered and slept; not a naturall but a spirituall slumbring and sleeping, which they fall into by reason of the Bridegroomes long tarrying, for had they not so done, they would have yeelded obedience to all the Commands of Christ, and laid the foundation Prin­ciples compleat, whereby they might have been admitted as the Spouse of Christ, which now by reason of their sleeping condition, they proceed no further than to re­pentance and Faith, and thereby are deprived of that happinesse, yet holding fast what they had, they have this honour to be Virgins, to attend the Bride the Lambs Wife: And this sleeping condition seized not onely upon the Saints who had laid these beginning do­ctrines of Christ, (Repentance and Faith) presently af­ter the falling away of the Churches: but also upon the Saints for many ages since; and it would be much re­joicing to us if we could see the Saints by profession, in [Page 9] this age freed from it; that is, that would rouze up their Spi­rits, and no longer neglect the means afforded them, whereby they may attain unto the hight of happines, that is to be mem­bers of the Spouse, the Bride, the Lambs wife. Oh the a­bundance of corruption that is in all our hearts by nature, and which we are too much in love withall; which appears evidently in that we are so unwilling to hazard the losse of honour, friends, means, and reputation, for the gaining of so great an happinesse and Honour as to be the Spouse of Christ; Truly they that will not forsake all for Christ, are not worthy of him, 10. Mat. 37. 38. But the Saints in this age ought to consider what they do; for they cannot deny but that they are awakened by the cry that is begun to be made, Behold the Bridegroom cometh, which is the preach­ing of the Gospel of the Kingdome: And if they do not proceed so far, as to attain the happinesse of being the Lambs Wife, through their own neglect and corruption; yet they ought to be very carefull, that they take and Trim their Lamps, and Oyl in their Vessels (Joy and Gladnesse in what they h [...]ve b [...]gun) least they act the part of the foolish Virgins, and so be shut out, with a verily I say to you I know you not.

Again, let us consider of some other things that were to fall out in this Time of darknesse, beside the Virgins sleep­ing; A the coming forth of the Mysticall Whore of Ba­bylon; The Mysti­call Whore of Babylon. which will be in the sixth Head or Monarch, 17. Rev. 9, 10. and will continue till the coming forth of the ten hornes▪ which will not be till after the rise and fall of the seventh head, verse 11, 12. Concerning this Mysticall whore, we are to consider these particulars.

First, who she is, the discription of her you will find in 17. Rev. 3, 4, 5. verses.

2. The place of her abode, see the 18. verse of that 17. Chapter, where the holy Spirit unfolding unto Iohn the my­stery of those things mentioned in that Chapter, tells him, And the Woman which thou sawest (saith the Angel) is that great City, which reigneth over the Kings of the Earth. Which City, comparing Scripture and History together, we shall [Page 10] find to be (and it could be none other but) Rome, the chief Seat of the sixth Head, or Roman Monarchy, as we shall more fully clear hereafter, the Lord assisting us.

3. What she would doe; consider what the Apostle Paul did by the Spirit foretell what should fall out in the latter times, in his second Epistle to Timothy Chap. 4. 1, 2, 3. whose words are these. Now the Spirit speak [...]th expresly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the Faith, giving heed to seducing Spirits, and Doctrines of Devils: speaking lies in hypocrisie, having their Consciences seared with a hot Iron. Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. Which words spoken of some in the Plurall Number, cannot more properly be applied to any then to the Popes of Rome, typified by the Woman setting upon a scarlet coloured Beast, R [...]vel. 17. 3. And we may appeal to the hearts and consciences of all true Christi­an Readeis hereof, whether that which the Apostle wrote in those three verses to Timothy hath not been fulfilled by the Papall Power of Rome. Again, let us see and consider one other Prophesie concerning her acting, which the Angell shewed unto the Apostle Iohn, and which he saw, Revel. 17. 6. And I saw the Woman drunken with the bloud of the Saints, and with the bloud of the Martyrs of Iesus; and when I saw h [...]r I wondred with great admiration Now if we may give any cre­dit to Mr. Fox his History of the Martyrs of Jesus (which we shall not question) that Prophesie hath been fulfilled to the purpose, of which many of the poor Saints in this Island in the dayes of Henry the eighth, and Queen Maries time, were witnesses thereof

4. Her Judgement, with the Persons o [...] Powers that shall execute it; take one clear Scripture for it in the 17. Revel. 16. And the ten Hornes (saith the Angel unto Iohn) which thou sawest upon the Beast, these shall hate the Whore, and shall make h [...]r desolate, and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn [...]er with fire.

Object. But some may say, how can this Scripture clear or prove that which you bring it for; it speaking concerning [Page 11] the hating of the Whore, not of the Woman; therefore this verse may rather seem to have relation to the first verse of that 17. Chapter, where the Angel tells Iohn, He will shew him the Iudgement of the great Whore, th [...]t sitteth upon many Waters: and in the 15. verse of that chapter, the Angel tells him, that the Waters whi [...]h thou sawest, where the Whore sitteth, are Peoples, and Multitud [...]s, and Nations, and Tongues.

Answ. The Book of the Revelations is full of Mysteries and Prophecies, and not easily to be understood, not onely upon the first, but also not upon many readings thereof; for if it had, how comes it to passe, that those Interpreters thereof (whose writings are extant) are so dark in those things that they undertook to open and clear; as in this Age we find some that have contradicted others that went before them, in the unfolding of these Mysteries; and we question not, but the Lord will give a clearer light to others, to make more clear those things, which in this short Treatise we have in some measure (though darkly) unfolded. But as to the Objection we say, that by comparing one place in this chap­ter with another, and by clearing some improbabilities (if not impossibilities) in it, that which we have affirmed con­cerning the Judgement of the Woman or Whore, will evi­dently appear to be truth.

First, consider whether the Title Whore be not proper to this Woman, in the 4. verse of that 17. chapter she is said to have a golden Cup in her hand, full of the abominations and filthinesse of her fornication. Now judge, whether she that hath committed Fornication, doth not justly deserve the Title of Whore to be given her.

Secondly, for the improbability of it; consider whether its likely that the beast, unto whom these ten Hornes give their Kingdome, would be acceptable unto him, when as they had destroyed the Seat of his Empire, Babylon; if so be that the word Whore in the sixteenth verse had relation to the word great Whore in the first verse, or Whore in the fifteenth verse.

5. The fifth thing to be considered of, and that will fall out before the taking up of the Saints, is, the preaching of [Page 12] the Gospel of the Kingdome, Math. 24▪ 14. The Lord Je­sus speaking to his Disciples, in answer to the three questions The preach­ing of the Gospel of the King­dome. propounded by them to him in the third verse, begins with the first, telling them what should fall out in after times, and amongst other things tells them, That this Gospel of the King­dome shall be preached in all the world, for a witn [...]sse unto all Na­tions, and then shall the end come.

This Gospel of the Kingdome was begun to be preached by the Lord Jesus himself, as the said Evangelist Mathew [...]ath recorded in the 4. chapter 23. And Iesus went about all Ga­lilee, teaching in their Synag [...]gues, and preaching the Gospel of the Kingdome: also in Mathew 9. 35. you have it there re­corded again of his so doing. And this he doth not onely make a part of his own work, but also when he sends forth his twelve Apostles, he commands them, saying, As ye g [...]e preach saying, the Kingdome of Heaven is at hand, Mathew 10. 7. Which also Phillip one of the seven Deacons preacheth up, as appeares in Acts 8. 12. And that chosen vessell of the Lord, the Apostle Paul, he declares and preacheth the same, And now behold, I know that yee all, among wh [...]m I have gone preaching the Kingdome of God, shall see my face no more. Act. 20. 25. Yea the last words and actions that are recorded of him, in the 28. Acts 30, and 31, verses, doth declare as much; the words are these, And Paul dwelt two wh [...]le years in his own hired house, and received all that came in unto him, preaching the Kingdome of God, and teaching those things which concern the Lord Iesus Christ, with all confidence, no man forbidding him.

Now this Gospel of the Kingdome ceased to be preached after the falling away of the Churches, and hath continued so for many Ages; but the time drawing nigh of the coming of that Kingdome, it is begun to be held forth again, and must be preached in all Nations before that time come (which was not done in the primative times, by reason a great part of the now known world was not then discovered) accor­ding to what we have already declared from the mouth of the Lord Jesus, Math. 24▪ 14.

Sixthly, When the Gospel (or glad tidings) of the King­dome [Page 13] is begun to be preached in the last Age of the world, The gather­ing of the two Tribes to Jerusa­lem. (which is a sign of the near approach of that Kingdome) then will follow the calling of the two Tribes of Iudah and Benjamin to Ierusalem; See what the Lord declares by the Prophet Ieremy concerning this; Thus saith the Lord, behold I will bring again the Captivity of Jacobs Tents, and have mer­cy Jer. 30. 18 on his dwelling Places: And the City shall be builded upon her own heaps, and the Pallace shall remain after the manner [...] So that comparing the latter part of the verse with the former part, it will plainly appear, that by Iacobs Tents can­not be meant the whole twelve Tribes, or the ten Tribes, but the two Tribes onely (not but that there may be some of every Tribe amongst the two Tribes, as there was some did cleave to the house of David, when its said the ten Tribes fell away) for these here that shall be brought back, are said to be first brought back, and then the City is built, which bringing back of the ten Tr [...]bes w [...]l not be com­pleated till a [...]ter the Saints are taken up, when as before that time both Ierusalem and the Temple will be built, and Sacri­fices offered; of which we shall have [...]ccasion to inlarge upon hereafter. Consider of [...]nother Prophesie concern­ing this in the 12 Zach [...]r [...] 6 7▪ In that day I will make the Governours of Jud [...]h lik [...] a ha [...]th o [...] fi [...]e among the w [...]od, and like a torch of [...] shall devour all the people round about▪ on the [...] and on the left: And Jerusalem shall be inhabited [...] own place, even in Jerusalem. The Lord also shall save the T [...]n [...]s of Judah first.

Seventhly, After the calling of the two Tribes for to build and inhabite Ierusalem, the next remarkable thing that will in those dayes fall out to be, is the rising or manifesting of the Beast, and ten Hornes, or Kings, mentioned by the Apo­stle Iohn in his 17. Chapter of the Revelations. In which these The rise of the Beast with the ten Kings. following particulers will be worthy of our consideration, in the opening of them.

  • 1. Who the Beast is, and secondly, Who the ten Kings are.
  • 2. The place from whence they and he will arise.
  • 3. What they and he are to doe when risen, viz. First, [Page 14] before the Saints are taken up, and secondly after they are taken up.
  • 4. His reign, viz. how long time.
  • 5. His ruine, and how farre they suffer in it.

For the first, the Beast, who he is. He is that Beast that was shewn to the Apostle Iohn, which he describes in his 17. The Beast who he is. Chapter of the Revelations and 3. verse, having seven heads and ten hornes, which compared with other Scriptures, we shall find him to have several titles or denominations, [...] which he is discovered, viz. he is called the little Horn, Dan. 7, 8. The vile Person, Dan. 11. 21. The Man of Sin, 2 Thes. 2. 3.

In Iohns description befo [...]e quoted, he hath seven Heads as well as ten Hornes. Now that [...]e may know, who or [...]hat these seven heads are; if we co [...]sider well of the Angels interpretation to Iohn, Chap. 17 10. and upon search of other Scriptures, we shall find, that they are seven Govern­ments, that should be Supream in the severall Ages of the world, from the dayes of Noah after the Floud▪ till the rise of the ten Hornes▪ Five of which Heads or Governments had been before Iohn saw this Vision, the sixth was then in being (and is now towards its period) and the seventh was not then come, but is now arising.

The first Head (or Government) was the Assyrian and Babylonian Monarchy joyned under one head, viz. Nimrod, First Head. compare the Wricings of Moses concerning this Person, Government and Country, with that of the Prophet Esay, and consider how they prove our assertion Moses giving us some account of Noahs Posterity, and speaking of that of his Son Ham, saith, Ham begat Cush, and Cush begat Nim­rod: He began to be a mighty one in the Earth. He was a Gen. 10. 8, &, 10, 11. mighty Hunter before the Lord. Wherefore it is said, even as Nimrod the mighty Hunter before the Lord. And the begin­ning of his Kingdome was Babell, and Eresh, and Achad, and Ca [...]neh, in the Land of Shinar. Out of that Land went forth Ashur, and builded Niniveh, and the City Reho both and Calah. Also the same Moses speaketh farther concerning Noahs Po­sterity, And the whole earth was of one language and of one speech. Gen. 11. 1, 2. [Page 15] And it came to passe as they journeyed from the East, that they found a Plain in the Land of Shinar, and they dwelt there. Now take what Esay writeth concerning this; B [...]hold the Land of the Caldeans, this People was not, till the Assyrian founded it, Esay 23. 13 for th [...]m that dwell in the Wilderness: They set up the Towers thereof, th [...]y raised up the Pallaces thereof, and he brought it to ruine. So that Moses gives us to understand thus much, that Nimrod was the first mighty One upon the earth, whose [...]gdome was Babell: and Ashur went out from thence and built Niniveh; which Ashur could be no other then this Nimrod; for when he came or journeyed out of the East, he came into the Land of Shinar, and dwelt there, which Land of Shinar must needs be Caldea, Babell being built in it, as we have now related out of Moses, which the Prophet Esay calls C [...]ldea, as you have his words also. In brief thus much, Nimrod an Assyrian by birth or habitation (or both) comes into Shinar or Caldea, sets up his Kingdome, builds Babell his chief Seat, and other Cities; afterwards goeth out thence into Assyria again, and builds Niniveh and other Cities; which is the ground of our stiling him by the title of the Assy [...]ian and Babylonian Monarch: And he is the first (after the Floud) that the Scripture mentioneth; but of his continuance, or length of his raign, it is silent. Some Historians doe give some account thereof, but with diversity of Opinions concerning it, therefore leave the curious there­in to search them.

The second Head, is the Assyrian alone, under another Family, the Line of Nimrod being extinct in Sardanapulus, 2d. Head. (as Sir Walter Rawleigh in his History of the World (the first Impression) the first part, folio 482. doth at large re­late) whose first King, that the Scripture mentioneth, was Pull (or Phull) by whom, and Tiglath Pilessar (his Succes­sor, if not Son) the two Tribes and half were first carried away captive: See a proof for this out of the Scripture in the 1 Chron. 5. 26. And the God of Israel stirred up the Spi­rit of Pull King of Assyria, and the Spirit of Tiglath-Pilnesar King of Assyria, and he carried them away (even the Reube­nites, and the Gadites, and the half Tribe of Manassah) and [Page 16] brought them unto Halath, and Habor, and Hara, and to the Ri­ver Gos [...]n unto this day. By whom also the Syrians (the great oppressors of Israel in several Ages) were subdued, 2 Kings 16 9 Also by Shalmaness [...]r, (his Successor, if not Son, the rest of the ten [...]ribes, in the dayes of Hoshea King of Israel, are carried captive 2 Kings 17. 3, and 6. These are carried captive into the [...]and of Assyria (it is not said Cal [...]ea) not but that Caldea and Babylon were under the Assyrian Mona [...]chy▪) 2 Kings 8▪ 11. Then [...] the [...]uccessor (if not Son) of Shalm [...]ness [...]r in the fourteenth yeer of King H [...]zekiah, comes up with a great Army against 2 Ki [...]gs. 18 13, 15, 16. the fenced Cities of Iudah, and takes them, to whom Heze­kiah is willing to submit, and therefore sends him great pre­sents, and for want of his own borrowes from the Temple: But the King of Assyria is not content therewith, and there­fore sends an Army under the Command of his Captaines, Tartan, Rabsaris, Rabshakeh, to Ierusalem to take it, either by words or deeds, 2 Kings 18. 17. to the end. But these not being able to prevail, return to their Master, the King of Assy­ria, who was warring against Libnah, from whence he sends Messengers with a blasphemous Letter to King Hezekiah, with 2 Kings 19 8, v. 9. and 14. v. 15. v. 36. which he goeth up to the House of the Lord and prayeth; the efficacy whereof was such, that that night the Angel of the Lord destroyes 185000. men in the Assyrian Host; who return­ing with the remaining number to his own Land, and City Nine­veh, is there slain [...]y two of his own Sons, as he is worshipping in the Temple of Nisroch his God; and Ezrahaddon his Son reign­eth in his stead, verse 36, 37.

Now that the Assyrian alone was the next great Monarch (or chief Government of Note in the world) to the Assy­rian and Babylonian together; we doe prove, not onely by what hath been related, as to what four of those Kings did, but also for these insuing reasons, grounded upon History and Scripture.

First from History; Pull (whom the Scripture menti­ons, 1 Chron. 5. 26.) who was but Sardanapulus Lieutenant in Babylon, and conspiring with Arbaces, another of his Lieu­tenants in Media, (who was incited thereunto, partly by [Page 17] the Prediction of this Pull, and partly by his own (in that having had a sight of the Person of his King, found him disguised in womans apparel, striving to counterfeit an Har­lot) these two after several battels overthrew him, and Sir W. Rawle [...]gh first part, f. 476. beseiging him in this great City Niniveh; by the overflow­ing of the River Tysris, whereby twenty furlongs of that great wall was overthrown, they take the City, but not their Master; for he finding himself in a lost condition, shuts up him [...]lf in his Pallace, with his Wives, Eunuches, and all his Treasures, and sets fire thereunto, whereby both he and they were all consumed. After which, the Median is content with his own Government of Media, but Pull and his Posterity are not with theirs, till they get possession of that great City Nineveh, which they make the Seat of their Monarchy, and Sir W. R. f. 482, 483. therefore is called the Assyrian alone, to distinguish it from the First, whose chief City in Nimrods time was Ba­bylon.

Second Reason: Because the Scripture mentions a larger extent of dominion to this second Monarchy, then unto the first. For we doe not find, that Nimrods dominion did ex­tend Westward from the River Euphrates, that is into Syria; (if it did it was but of short continuance) but this of Pulls doth, and that very farre, even to the Land of Israel and Iu­dah, whose Lot was bounded by the Mediteranean Sea, Ioshua 15. 12. called the great Sea. And we find, that Media that was under Nimrods posterity (and after usurped by Arbac [...]s) is a great part (if not all) brought under by the Assyrian: For Shalmanessar, who carries the remaining part of the ten Tribes captive, placeth some of them in the Cities of the Medes, 2 Kings 17. 6, And the Prophet Ezekiel, speaking unto Pharaoh in the Name of the Lord, maketh mention of the greatnesse of the Assyrian, Ezek. 31. 2. to the 10, verse, as also of his fall and ruine by the Caldean, chap. 32. 11, 12. which makes way for the third Head or Monarchy.

The third Head of the Beast, is the Caldean Monarchy, whose foundation was laid in the dayes of Berodach Bala­dan 3d [...] the Son of Balladan, who sent unto Hezekiah King of Iu­dah, both Letters and a Present, 2 King. 20. 12. which was [Page 18] in or about the fifteenth year of Hezekiah's raign; for in his fourteen year Sennacherib (the King of Assyria) invades Iudea, 2 Kings 18. 13. And after the great losse of 185000. he returnes into his own Land. In those dayes Hezekiah falls sick, 2 Kings 20▪ 1. upon whose earnest prayer (and the Promise of God to David; for Hezekiah had no Son as yet, that the Scripture mentions, and Manasseh his Successor was not born in three yeares after, for he was but twelve yeers old when he began to raign, 2 Kings 21. 1.) the Lord [...]nds him a Message by the Prophet Esay, that he would adde fif­teen yeares to his dayes: and a sign for his recovery is, that the Sun should goe ten degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the Dyall of Ahaz, 2 Kings 20. 6, 11. and the whole raign of Hezekiah was but twenty nine yeers, 2 Kings 18. 2.

Now though the Scripture be silent, as to inform us, how Berodash Baladan came to be King of Babylon; yet we find, that both he and the Caldeans take notice of Hezekiahs sick­nesse and recovery, with that great sign in the Heaven of the Suns going backward, (the Caldeans being famous in A­stronimie, and naturall Astrologie, as well as infamous for their divellish Astrologie) which was in or about the fif­teenth year of his raign: which as it was the last of Senna­cheribs, so it was the first of Berodash: for we read in the Scripture of no King of Babylon, since Nimrod, to this time; not but that Babylon was a famous City all along. And if we may give credit to Sir Walter Rawleigh (of whose ex­traordinary travell in searching of Histories, of all Ages past, to the finishing of that excellent piece of his, called, the Hystory of the World) that this Berodash (or as he cass him (as also the Geneva Translation) Merodash) took time by the foretop, and laid hold on the present opportunity that offered it self, which was this: Merodash was Lieutenant in Babylon under Sennacherib (whose head City was Niniveh) Sir W. R. [...]irst part, f. [...]07. who having warres in Syria and Aegypt, had levied a very great Army, and having been forced to raise his Seige from before Pelusium in Aegypt, and that not without some losse, and more disgrace, through the coming of Tirhaba King of [Page 19] Ethiopia (or Arabia) to the aid of the Aegyptian; he was the more desirous to have had possession of Ierusalem, to have retreated unto with his Army; but failing of his pur­pose, sends a great part thereof to beseige it, with the rest he beseigeth Lachish, and afterwards Lib [...]ah▪ 2 Kings 19. 8. of which Army, presently after, the Angell of the Lord de­stroyes in one night 185000. verse 35 upon which he re­turnes with the remaining part thereof to Niniveh (and not to Babylon, though much the nearer, not daring to trust to M [...]rodash, as having had some inckling of his Ambition, if not of his Treason, then a hatching, as is supposed) and within a short time after (Tobit saith, five and fifty dayes chap. 1. 21.) is slain by two of his Sons, (the reason sup­posed is, that they being the Eldest, were disinherited by their Father, and the younger Brother appointed to be his Suc­cessor, which they could not prevent with their Paracide) and As [...]rhaddon being but weak in himself (though strong in Friends and Souldiers, for he held Merod [...]sh hard to it all his dayes, which was eleven yeares) he supposeth it no diffi­culter a peice of work, to gain the Kingdome of Babylon unto himself, then Pull found (who joyned) with Arbac [...]s the Median, to unthrone Sardanapulus, (the last of Nimrods Race) whose Posterity became eminent afterwards, especi­ally Sennacherib, who is called, the great King of Assyria, 2 Kings 18. 19. And therefore upon Sennacheribs death, breaks out into open Rebellion, and stiles himself King of Babylon, and is so called in Scripture, 2 Kings 20. 12. Whose Posterity is not spoken of in Sacred Writ, till Nebuchadnes­sar. But our afore quoted Author faith, his Son Ben▪ Mero­dach raigned after him, and then Nebulassar his Son, the last Sir W. R. First part, f 541. and 551. year of whose raign was the third year of Iehoiakim King of Iudah, Dan. 1. 1. For the Prophet Ieremy in his 25. chap. 1. saith, that the first yeer of Nebuchadnessar's raign was the fourth year of Iehoiakim's raign; which may seem to be some contradiction in the Prophets, but both Scripture and Histo­ry will help us to clear this; for it was the usuall custome of those Eastern Kings, to appoint their Successors in their life time, and to admit them to have a share in the managing of [Page 20] the Affaires of the Kingdome, as David doth Solomon, Ʋz [...]i­ah (or Azariah) doth Iotham, and Iehoiakim doth his Son; which latter seemes something difficult to be apprehended at the first view, and therefore shall clear it before we passe any farther; Iehoiakim the Son of Iosiah being made King in the room of Iehoahaz (by Phara [...]h Necho) raigneth eleven yeares (and is bound to be carried captive to Babylon, but is slain, and had the buriall of an Asse, according to Ieremies Prophesie, chap. 22▪ 18, 19.) and his Son Iehoiakim reigneth in his stead, who was eight yeares old when he began to raign, and raigned three months in Ierusalem, 2 Chron 36. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. And in the 2 Kings 24. 8. it is said, that Ie­hoiakim was eighteen yeares old when he began to raign, and reigned three months in Ierusalem; so that to reconcile these two places, it doth appear, that I [...]hoiakim the Son was but eight yeeres old when he began to raign with his Father, and reigned with him ten yeares, and he was eighteen yeares old when he began to reign alone, and reigned three months. So that although the Scripture doth not so fully clear it to us, that Nebuchadnessar was the great Grand-child of Merodash Baladan King of Babylon, yet the two Prophets, Daniel and Ieremy cannot be reconciled, without admitting Nebuchad­nessar to reign some time with his Predecessor, one year at the least; besides the Scriptures doe mention some distance of time between the first year of Merodash, and the first year of Nebuchadnessar; for Hezekiah reigned about fifteen yeares after the death of Sennacherib, Manasseh reigned fifty five yeares, Ammon two yeares, Iosiah thirty one yeares, and in the fourth year of Iehoiakim doth Nebuchadnessar begin to raign, Ieremy 25 1. So that there i [...] about 107. yeares, which must [...]eds admit of some Successors to Merodash before Nebu­chadnessar.

Object. But how comes it to passe, that we have no more concerning the Kings of Babylon from Merodash's time till Nebuchadnessar, or the last year of his Predecessor.

Answ. Merodash had but laid the foundation of his Kingdome in the fifteenth year of Hezekiah; and Sir Walter Rawleigh saith, that he had eleven yeares contention with [Page 21] Asarhaddon, even till his death, which gave Merodash a little better assurance of what he then had, and some hopes to in­large his Dominion, especially towards Assyria: As for Syria he had no fear from thence, having (as may be ap­prehended) made a League with Hezekiah, and therefore did chuse rather to inlarge his Dominion Eastward and Northward, agreeable to what the Prophet Ezekiel had pro­phesied (though not upon that account) where the Pro­phet speakes concerning the destruction of Ashur and other Nations, by the Babylonians, Ezek. 32. 22. to the 31, verse. And for what the other two Successors of Merodash did, seeing the Scripture is silent, and Historians speak but little; (onely their taking the great City Niniveh, and bringing the whole Dominion of Assyria under the Cald an or Babylonian yoak, which was not accomplished in or near 100. yeares time) we shall treat concerning him, whom the Scripture doth men­tion, that is Nebuchadnessar (or as he is called in some pla­ces of the Scriptures, Nebuchadressar.) The first year of whose raign was the fourth year of Iehoiakim King of Iu­dah, as we have formerly mentioned, in which year he smiteth the Army of Pharaoh Necho King of Aegypt, by the River Perah (or Euphrates) in Carchemish, Ierem. 46 2. In the second year of his raign he hath a dream, which he forgets, and Daniel declares to him, with the interpretation thereof, Daniel 2. the whole chapter. About his seventh year he takes Iehoiakim, and binds him to carry him to Babell, (at which time, or a little before, he began the famous seige of Tyrus, which lasted thirteen yeares) but causeth him to be slain, and gives him the burial of an Asse, according to the Prophet Ieremies prophesie, for his burning of the Roll, Ierem. 22 18, 19. compared with the 36. chapter 29, 30. And for his Son Iehoiakim he raigned but three months a­lone, and was carried captive to Babylon with his Mother, as the same Prophet prophesied, chap. 22, 24, 25, 26. compa­red with 2 Kings 24. 15, which was done in the eighth year of Nebuchadnessar's raign, verse 12. Who set up Zedekias▪ (his Uncle) King in his room; who about the nineteenth year of his raign (which was the eleventh year of Zedekias▪ [Page 22] raign) takes Ierusalem and the King, and destroyes the City, and the Temple, and carries the remnant of them that esca­ped the sword captive to Babylon, 2 Kings 25.

About which time the famous City o [...] Tyrus was taken al­so by him; after which he destroyed Edem and the Zydoni­ans, and several other Nations, according to Ez [...]kiels prophe­sie, chap. 32. 17. to the end.

In the three and twentieth year of his raign, Nebusaradon, the Captain of his Guard, comes up to Ierusalem again, and carries away 745. Iewes captive, Ierem. 52. 30. After which, when be hath subdued all the Nations about him, he sets up his golden Image, for all People, Nations and Languages to fall down and worship it, Daniel 3. 7. Which when Sha­drech, Meshach and Abednego refuse so to do, they are cast into the hot fiery Furnace, verse 21. and delivered from the dan­ger thereof, verse 25. 27. After which he destroyes Aegypt, as Sir Walter Rawleigh saith; but the Scripture is silent as to the time of the destruction of that rich Country, onely E­zekiel in his 29 chapter 17. saith, in the twenty seven year the Word of the Lord came to him; but whether it were the twenty seven year of his Captivity, or of Iehoiakim's, Capti­vity, or of Nebuchadn [...]ssars raign, is questionable, however so it was, that Aegypt was destroyed, according to the prophe­sies of Ezekiel and Ieremy, chap. 44 30. and chap. 43. 8. to the end.

Afterwards Daniel tells him the interpretation of his dream concerning the Tree, Dan. 4 19, to the 28. and about a year after the same is fulfilled, for his not bearkening to the Counsell of the Prophet, and is cast out for seven yeares, which is towards the end of his raign; for neither Scripture nor History maketh any mention of any Acts of his after his Restauration. The length of whose raign was about 43. or 44. yeares: for the fourth year of Iehoiakin was the first year of his raign, and the thirty seventh year of Iehoiakim's Captivity, is the first year of Evilmerodach King of Babylon, Successor (if not Son) to Nebuchadnessar, 2 Kings 25. 17. Evilmerodach in the first year of his raign, lifteth up the head of Iehoiachin King of Iudah, and brought him out of [Page 23] Prison, the 52. Ieremy 31. to the end. What other thing of note he did, or how long he reigned, the Scripture is alto­gether silent. History saith, he lost some part of his Domi­nions, and lost his Successor imbroyld in a dangerous Warre against the Meades; but whether Balthazar was his imme­diate Sir W. R. Successor, or no, we cannot positively conclude from the Scriptures, onely we find him the next to Evilmerodach that the Scriptures doe mention; and cannot but conclude him to be of Nebuchadnessars Race, because of Ieremies Pro­phesie, chap▪ 27. 7. where it is said, All Nations shall serve him, and his Son, and his Sons Son, untill the very time of his Land come, and then many Nations and great King's shall serve them­selves of him. In the first year of this Balthazar Daniel sees the Vision of four Beasts, chap. 7. 1. In his third year Da­niel sees the Vision of the Ram, and of the Hee-Goat, chap. 8. 1. And in his last year, the last day thereof, Daniel read the hand writing on the wall, and tells him the interpretation thereof, chap. 5. 25, 26, 27, 28. and verse 30. in that night was Balthazar the King of the Caldeans slain, and Darius the Median took the Kingdom, verse 31.

Now how long these two last Successors of Nebuchad­nessar reigned, the Scripture doth not mention in particular; onely between them two is spent, either thirty and three yeares, or fourty and four yeares. The ground of our ap­prehension, as to this is, the seventy yeares of the Iewes Captivity, which began either in the first year of Iehoiachin's Captivity, or the last year of Zedekiah, when the City was ta­ken, and the Temple was bu [...]nt; if it began at the first, then the Scripture tells us, that Evilmerodach King of Babylon lifted up the head of Iehoiachin, and brought him out of Pri­son in the seven and thirtieth year of his Captivity, and first year of his Raign, Ierem. 52. 31. so that adding thirty and three yeares to thirty and seven, and then the seventy yeares is fulfilled: but if the Captivity began not till Zedekiah's death, then there must be added eleven yeares more (for he raigned eleven yeares after Iehoiachin was carried Captive) to thirty and three yeares, which is fourty and four, and then Iehoiachin was carried Captive to Babylon, eleven yeares [Page 24] before the seventy yeares began, which were to be fulfilled before they were to return out of Captivity. And that the seventy yeares were fulfilled at the death of Belshazar, Da­niel tells us, that in the first year of Darius the Mede, which was made King over the Realm of the Caldeans. Dan. 9. 1, 2, 3. that after he had fasted and prayed, that the Man Gabriel (or Angel of the Lord) revealed the same to him; take his words at large. And whiles I was speaking, and praying, and conf [...]ssing my sin, and the sin of my People Israel, and pre­senting my supplication before the Lord my God for the holy Moun­tain of my God; yea, whiles I was speaking in Prayer, even the Man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the Vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the even­ing Oblation. And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, O Daniel, I am now come forth to give thee skill and understand­ing. At the beginning of thy supplication, the Commandement came forth, and I am come to shew thee: for thou art greatly beloved; therefore understand the matter, and consider the Vision. Seventy weeks are determined upon thy People, and upon thy holy City, to finish the transgression, and make an end of sinnes, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousnesse, and to seal up the Vision and Prophesie, and to an­noint the most Holy; verse 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

Whichleads us to the fourth Head, the Meades and Persi­ans. The Caldean ending in Belshazar, as we said before, Da­rius 4th Head. the Mede being made King over the Realm of Caldea, Dan. 9. 1. In the first year of whose Raign (who raigned about two yeares, saith Sir Walter Rawleigh) Daniel by the Tbird Book chap. 2. searching of Books, and by the Man Gabriel, attaines to the knowledge of knowing the seventy weeks are expired, that the Iewes were to be in Captivity.

In the first year of Cyrus the Persian the Iewes are permit­ted to return to their own Land, and that openly, by way of Proclamation, 2 Chron. 36. 22, 23. and Ezra 1. 1, 2, 3, 4. Who also delivers the Vessels of the House of the Lord to Sheshbazzer the Prince of Iudah, verse 7, 8.

And this was according to what was foretold by the Pro­phets, concerning their seventy yeares Captivity, Ier. 25. 12. [Page 25] and chap. 29. 10. And Cyrus to be the Man to deliver Gods People, Esay 44. last, and chap. 45. 1, 2, 3, 4, 13.

In the third year of Cyrus, Daniel sees a Vision, chap. 10. 1. and talketh with one, like the similitude of the Son of Man, whom he calls my Lord, verse 16▪ 17. And is made ac­quainted by revelation, what Governments should succeed in the world, till the coming of the Lord Iesus to Raign on the earth, chap. 11. 2. to the beginning of the 12. chapter.

Concerning the remainder of the yeares of Cyrus Raign, how long, or what he did, the Scriptures are silent. Onely the Apocripha mentions some obstruction in the building of the Temple, during the Raign of Cyrus, by his Son Cambyse [...], whom he made his Lieutenant in all his Dominions, while himself followeth the Wars; and this was not onely done by him, during his Fathers Raign, but also during his own, and that out of Naturall and politique ends.

The first, in that he was a cruell Tyrant, whose will was a law, and his Flatterers told him, that all things were lawfull Sir W. R. 3. book 3. chap. 7. P [...] ­ragraph. for the Kings of Persia, upon which he married two of his Sisters, against the Lawes of his Kingdome.

And for the second, he had an intention to invade Aegypt, and feared least the Iewes should prove such as his Pro­vintiall Governours had written to him (under the name of Artaxerxes) of, Ezra 4. 7. to the 23. that the Iewes. and Inhabitants of Ierusalem, were a rebellious people; and tha [...] it was a common Opinion, that the Iewes descended of those Nations, because they issued thence under Moses, when they conquered Iudea; and that if their City were repaired and fortified, they might give some disturbance to his intended Conquest of that Country, as they had done in H [...]zekiah's dayes to Sennacherib, when he went to invade Aegypt. Where­fore he commanded them to be hindred in that work of the building of the Temple and City. Which hindrance conti­nued till the second year of Darius King of Persia, Ezra 4. 24. (the Successor of Cambyses, or as the Scripture calls him Artaxerxes) how he came to the Kingdome, read Sir Walt. Rawleigh 3. book 4 chapter 4. paragraph; who in that yeer gave order for the building of the Temple of Ierusalem at [Page 26] his own charge, Ezra 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11▪ The Iewes being incouraged unto this by the Prophets, Haggai, and Zacheriah, Ezra 5. 1. which work was finished in the sixth year of the Raign of Darius, Ezra 6. 15. though not ful [...]y, because in the fourteenth verse he saith, they builded and finished it, ac­cording to the Commandement of Cyrus, Darius and Artax­erxes, Kings of Persia.

In the dayes of Artaxerxes, the Successor (if not Son) of Darius, in the seventh year of his Raign, Ezra and his Company goe from Babylon to Ierusalem, Ezra 7. 7, 8, 9. In the twentieth year Nehemiah obtaines leave, to goe and build the walls of Ierusalem, Nehem. 2. 1. who sets the King a time for his return, verse 6. And in the two and thirtieth year he obtaines leave the second time, to goe to Ierusalem again, chap. 13. 6,

Concerning what is spoken about Esther, in the dayes of Ahashueresh, who he was whether this King Artaxerxes, or any other, the Scripture is silent: much might be said, that he was, or was not the same Person; but it would be found a very difficult thing to make an agreement in severall Scrip­tures concerning the same▪

Who were the succeeding Kings of Persia, till the coming of Alexander the Macedonian, the Scripture mentioneth not, onely Daniel is shewd in a vision, in the third year of Cyrus, chap. 10. 1. what Kings there should be after him in Persia, whose words are these; And now I will shew thee the Truth; Behold there shall stand up yet three Kings in Persia, and the fourth shall be farre richer than they all: and by his strength, through his riches, he shall stirre up all against the Realm of Grecia, Dan. 11. 2. Now if we may give credit to Histori­ans, concerning whom this last rich King was, they say, he was Darius, the Son of Arsames, who was subdued by Alex­ander the Grecian (or Macedonian) which brings us to the fifth Head or Monarchy.

The fifth Head was the Grecian, revealed to Daniel in a Vision 5th Head. of a He Goat, or Rough Goat, chap. 8. 5▪ 21. (as the Meades and Persians was a Ram with two hornes, Dan. 8, 3. 20.) What this Grecian did, we must be beholding to Historians▪ [Page 27] for our knowledge; the Scriptures Canonicall not mentio­ning Vide, Sit W. R. 4. book. chap. 2. from the be­ginnlng of Alexanders Raign to his end. any; the Apocripha but a little, that which is may be found in the first book of the Maccabees chap. 1. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, verses: which as he did much in regard he came to be a third of Daniels Beasts or Monarchies, therefore it is said, he carried his Victories with wings, who from a small Kingdome, extended it to a very great distance, Eastward, and Southward, and Northward, but withall, it was but of short continuance (as all violent things and motions are) but twelve yeares, being poysoned by the conspiracy of his Ser­vants, who stood in fear of his cruelty.

Upon whose death his large Dominions was divided (though not presently) among four of his great Captaines, according to Daniels Vision, chap. 8. 8: and interpretation, verse 22. Iosephus names five, viz. Antigonus was Lord of Josephus 12. book first chapter. Sir W. R. 5 book f: 338. Asia (whose Dominion being lost there, his Posterity in­joyed Macedon:) Seleucus Nicator of Babylon and the bordering Nations; Lysymachus had Hellespont; Cassander had Macedon (whose Dominion ended with him, his Sons being slain, not long after his death;) And Ptolemy the Son of Lagus had Aegypt: All which took the Titles of Kings on them in a short time, onely Cassander, whose Successor did take the same also, though with ill suc­cesse. Sir W. R. 4. book f. 232.

Seleucus Nicator was the first that took the Title of King of Babylon and the bordering Nations; his Son Antiochus Soter succeeds him, and raignes nineteen yeares; after him his Son Antiochus Theos raignes fifteen yeares; his Son Se­leuchus Callinicus twenty yeares, and left two Sons, viz. Se­leucus Ceraunus who raigned three yeares, and Antiochus the Great thirty six yeares; who left Seleucus Philopater who raigned twelve yeares saith Eusebius, seven yeares saith Io­sephus; and Antiochus Epiphanes, which was he that com­manded Swines flesh to be offered on severall Alters in the Temple at Ierusalem, which caused much affliction and mi­sery to the Iewes, being a Type of that which Daniel Prophe­sied in his eighth chapter, but cannot be the same, as is ap­prehended by some; because the Lord Jesus would not have [Page 28] told his Disciples by way of Prophesie what had been past, but rather, he told them what should be hereafter, Mathew 24. 15.

What the Successors of Alexanders Captaines did (who had divided his large Dominions among themselves) Hi­story doth declare. This may be noted concerning them (which is Sir Walter Rawleigs observation of them f. 555.) that the Successors of Ptolemey were the first that made a League with the Romans, and the last that were subdued by them.

Which brings us to the sixth Head, Government or Mo­narchy, viz. the Romans, whose chief City was Rome, which 6th Head, The Ro­mans. was built in or about the year of the world 3280. and after the building of the Temple of Salomon 287. and before the birth of our Lord Christ 684. whose greatnesse began to appear out of its infancy, in the time of Pyrrus King of E­pirus, Successor to Cassander in half the Kingdome of Ma­cedon, taken from Cassanders Children, by him and Lysimachus King of Tbracia: (he being a powerfull Prince, viz. Pyr­rhus) and they (viz. the Romans) but few yeares before freed themselves from the Gaules, who had taken all from them, yea, Rome it self, the Capitoll excepted, and drove him out of Italy, in or about 487. yeares after Rome was built; and about 107. yeares after they take the whole Kingdome of Macedon, with Perseus the last King thereof, and make a Province of it.

In the dayes of Antiochus Epiphanes, who began to raign about the year 579▪ after Rome was built (who was he that commanded Swines flesh to be offered on severall Altars in the Temple at Ierusalem) the Romans have increased their Dominions so largely, as that they take upon them, as to com­mand him to depart out of Egypt (who had almost subdued Sir W. R. f. 665. that Country) and he obeyes.

In the dayes of Demetrius the Son of Seleucus Philopater (elder Brother to Antiochus Epiphanes) Iudas Macabeus sends Embassadors to Rome, who make a League with the Iewes, Macabeus 8. who at that time, saith Iosephus f. 315. had conquered Gaule (or France) Spain, Carthage and [Page 29] Greece; whose power and dominion from that time grow­eth up mightily; for in the dayes of Pompey all Syria was sub­dued, and he himself gone up into Armenia, in pursuit of the warre betwixt the Romans and Tygranes, Iosephus lib. 14. ch▪ 4. And in the dayes of Augustus Cesar there came forth a decree, that all the world should be taxed, Luke 2. 1. which the Au­thor of the Notes in the Bible of the Geneva Translation saith, that it was so far as the Empire of the Romans did ex­tend, which was of a far greater extent than all the precedent Monarchies did contain, especially towards the South, and the North West from Babylon and Ierusalem.

And this was agreeable to Daniels Prophesie, chap. 2. 4. who saith, that the fourth Kingdome from Nebuchadnesser should be strong as Iron, for as Iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things, and as Iron bruisetb all those things, so shall it break in pieces and bruise it.

And in his Vision in the first year of Belshazar, he seeth these four Kingdomes under severall Types of Beasts, but Daniel 7. the fourth was different from, or unlike to, all the rest, verse 7. And in the interpretation it is said, it shall be unlike to all the Kingdomes, and shall devoure the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces, verse 23. And out of this must arise ten hornes, which are ten Kings; and another shall arise after them, and he shall be unlike to the first, and subdue three Kings, and shall speak words against the most High, verse 24, 25. So that we find Daniels Prophesie, concerning this fourth Kingdome (or sixth King in the Apostle Iohns Revelations, chap. 17. 10.) to have been fulfilled in the time of Christ and his Apostles, it then being in its heighth. For Master Edward Grimstone, in his Emperiall Hystory in the life of Augustus, folio 37. saith, that the Subjects of the Empire were very obedient unto him; and all others sent him Em­bassadors, seeking his favour and friendship, offering him their service: yea the Indians (a people of the remotest parts of the East) and also the Scythians which inhabit in the North, and the Parthians (a people most feirce and un­tamed) sent their Embassodors to him, giving security to keep the peace, and delivered the Standerds and Eagles [Page 30] taken [...]n battell when Marcus Crassus was slain. There came also Kings, Friends and Subjects to the Empire, to Rome, to doe him honour as his familiar Friends▪ leying aside their Ensignes and Rovall Robes▪ and many of them built Cities to his Name [...]or h [...]s [...]onour, calling them Cesareas in remembrance of▪ him▪ [...] whose time the Temple of Ianus [...]mstone [...]. 35. was thrice shut up; which never wa [...] but twice before from Romes foundation. So that his Dominion must needs be of a large extent; Rome still being the apitall City (or Impe­riall Seat▪) and continued so▪ till Constantine removed it, who made Byzantium in Thracia (scituated between the two Seas▪ viz. the Euxine and the Mediteranean) his Emperiall City; which was afterward by him, and to his Honour, cal­led, Constantine the Noble (and by contraction, Constanti­nople;) this being done about the year o our Lord Christ 332. Now though Constantine, by reason of his removing of his Imperiall Seat, from Rome out of the West, to Con­stantinople in the East, did much weaken the Imperiall Power; yet the Empire was not fully divided in many yeares after; but some partings there were before, as in the Raign of the Emperour Iovinianus, (the Successor of Iulian the Apo­state) about the year of Christ 366. (who reigned but seven months) he was compelled to make peace with Sa­pores the King of Persia for thirty yeares, leaving unto the said Persian King, all the Provinces belonging unto the Ro­mane Empire, lying beyond the River Tygris, as also some Ci­ties in Armenia; and he was not to aid or assist Arsaces King of Armenia. And about the year of our Lord, 420. the Gaules, or French, in the West (in the dayes of the Em­perours Honorius and Arcadius, Sons of Theodosius the Great) fell off from the Empire, and set up Pharamond, the Son of Marcomir, for their King. About which time did the Gothes, who possessed a great part of Spain (and some part Generall History of Spain. f. 132. of that Country which is now under the Dominion of the Fr [...]nch) set up Vallia, their first King, whose Royall Seats were Narbon [...] and Tholouse. Also in the year 440. Herme­rick, King of the Sueves, a little before his death, had so Grimstone [...] ▪ 280. pacified the people of Galicia, as he raigned over them. [Page 31] And about the year 447. in the Raign of Theodosius the se­cond, and Valentinianus, Emperours, the Brittaines in this Howes Chronicle f. 50. Island (being sorsaken of the Roman aid which they expected against the Picts) chose Vor [...]iger for their King. About which time Alaricus, King of the Gothe [...], came into Italy, and took and destroyed the City of Rome, 1160 Grimstone f. 266. yeares after it was built; Honorius the Emperour (with his Brother Arcadius) living at Ravenna, which in those dayes was a great and principall City. But the great division of the Empire was in the dayes of Constanstine the sixth, and his Mother Irene; L [...]o the third being Pope of Rome, who at a solemn M [...]sse (being assisted by his Cardinals) Crowned Grimstone f. 381. Charles the Great King of France (born in Germany) Em­perour of Rome, on the 25. of December, in the year of our Lord 800, about 468. yeares after Constantine the Great re­moved his Emperiall Seat out of the West into the East. Which division some doe apprehend to be the time that Da­niel's Vision of the Image, which Nebuchadnezar saw, did hold forth, as consisting of two legs that were of Iron, which implieth strength. But how could that be? for this divisi­on of the Empire, instead of strengthning of it, made it weaker daily, as the that will take a little paines to search in Grimstones Imperiall Hystory, from and after this time, shall find; for the Western Empire is afterwards divided into severall Kingdomes and Governments, and the Eastern is quite devoured by the Turks in the year of our Lord 1453. Constantine Paleologus being the last Emperour, and slain in the City of Constantinople, when it was taken by that famous Turk, Mahomet the Great, the first of that name; and with it the whole Grecian or Eastern Empi [...]e about 1121▪ yeares after it had been the head City of that Empire.

So that the decay of one of these Iron legs of the Image, (viz. the Roman Empire) makes way for the other Iron leg, 7th Head. upon which the whole Body is supported, which is the seventh Head, or King, in Iohns Revelation, chap 17. 10. And there are seven Kings, (and they are seven Kings, saith the Geneva Translation) five are fallen, one is, and the other is not yet come, and when he cometh, he must continue a short space; which com­pared [Page 32] with the 11. Daniel 20. and you shall find him there stiled, a Raiser of Taxes; Then shall stand up in his Estate a Raiser of Taxes, in the Glory of the Kingdome, but within few dayes he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battel.

Object. In the 2. Daniel 33. verse, the two Iron legs in the Vision are called but one Kingdome in the interpretation, verse 40.

Answ. That many times the Lord is pleased in the Visi­ons of the Prophets, to wrap up many things in one. As for instance, in the 8. Daniel, in the Vision of the Rough Goat, upon whose fall four Hornes or Kingdomes arise, and out of them came forth a little Horn, which waxed exceeding great, &c. verse 8, 9, 10, 11, 12. which compared with the inter­pretation thereof, verse 22, 23, 24, 25. it will evidently ap­pear, that this little Horn must be the same with the vile Per­son, Man of Sin, and Beast, that Iohn speaks of in the 17. Re­velations, because his power is mighty, but not by his own power, he getting the Dominion by flattery, Dan. 11. 21 And he shall stand up against the Prince of Princes (which Antiochus never did, as some say, who imagine him to be this little Horn) and be broken without hands, which cannot have relation to his Person onely, but to his Power also, which Antiochus power was not, though he himself were consumed by Wormes.

But this vile Person, little Horn, Man of Sin, or Beast, his Army is destroyed, and himself taken alive, and cast into a Lake of fire, Revel. 19, 19, 20, 21. Which if so, then is not onely the fourth Kingdome left out, in the 2. Dan. 40. but also that Raiser of Taxes, Daniel 11. 20. Another instance in the 11. Daniel, in that Vision, he having spoken of the Per­sian and Grecian Dominion, and the ruine of the last, and rise of the four Kingdomes out of it; there is declared, what shall fall out between the two Dominions of the North and the South (viz. the Seleucides and Ptolomeys) but no­thing at all of the fourth Beast or Kingdom, and sixth Head or Kingdome in Iohns Revelation.

And then comes to mention the Successor of the King of the North, whom he calls a Raiser of Taxes, verse 20. where [Page 33] it is said, Then shall stand up in his Estate a Raiser of Taxes, in the glory of the Kingdome, but within few dayes he shall be destroyed, neither in anger or in Battell, and verse the 21. And in his Estate shall stand up a vile Person, &c.

One instance more, in the 7. Daniel, where the Prophet sees the Vision of four Monarchies typified by four Beasts, and the fourth Beast to have ten Hornes, verse 7. where is left out the Raiser of Taxes, that is to arise before the ten Hornes, as will plainly appear in the 17: chapter of Iohn's Revelations.

The seventh Head must arise before the Beast, and the ten Hornes are to have power one hour with the Beast, verse 12. So that these three instances doe make it evidently appear, that the Lord in His Visions to his Prophet doth not at one time shew all things that should be, or fall out, but in some more, in some lesse, as we see here in these instances; in the first is left out the fourth Kingdome or sixth Head, and the Raiser of Taxes or seventh Head. In the second is left out the fourth Kingdom or sixth Head onely: And in the last is left out the Raiser of Taxes or seventh Head onely.

Now concerning this seventh Head in Iohns Revelations chapter 17. according to the Geneva Translation it is ren­dred thus; Here is the mind that hath Wisdome, the seven Heads are seven Mountaines, whereon the Woman sitteth, they are also seven Kings, verse 10. Five are fallen, and one is, and ano­ther is not yet come, and when he cometh he must continue a short space, and verse 11. And the Beast that was, and is not, is even the eighth, and is one of the seven, and shall goe into destruction; which compared with the 11. Daniel 20, 21. we shall find, that the Raiser of Taxes (which, by what we have already proved, [...]ust needs be this seventh Head) doth arise the next, before the vile Person, Then shall stand up in his place, in the Glory of the Kingdome, &c. yet he (viz. the vile Person) shall come to his end, and none shall help him, verse 45.

Object. But may we not question the Geneva Translation as to this particular seeing all our common Translations ren­der it in another sense; as thus, And there are seven Kings; not, They are seven Kings.

[Page 34] Answ. We doe not onely find it in our English Bibles, of the Geneva Translation, and that of Tindals Translation, but also the Italian, and ancient French Bibles, printed near one hundred yeares since at Ly [...]ns; however the current of the Scriptures will clear it to be so; as that Mountaines doe imply Persons and Powers, or Persons in power; look upon and consider well of that expression of the Prophet Ieremy, in his 51. chapter 25. Behold I am against thee, O de­stroying Mountain, saith the Lord (speaking of Babylon in the foregoing verse) which destroyeth all the Earth, and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll the down from the Rocks, and will make thee a burnt Mountain. Also that of the Prophet Zachery in his 4. chapter 7. Who art thou O great Mountain? (speaking of the Persian Monarch) before Ze­rubbabell thou shalt become a Plain.

And if that we should say, that this seventh Head is now arising (for we have already shewed, that the sixth Head is so farre decayed, that there is little of it now appeares, in comparison of what it was) I hope we should not be found to be in an error. And we shall lay down some grounds for what we hope, or in this thing should seem to maintain.

1. First we are to observe, that the rise of one Head was the ruine of that which was before it; or the decay of the one made way for the rise of the other, as we have alrea­dy proved.

2. That this seventh Head or Government, according to Daniels Prophesie chap. 11. 20. is stiled a Raiser of Taxes, that is a Government which is upheld by Taxes; not a Go­vernment that hath a vast Treasure hoorded up, as was in the Capitall at Rome; nor that hath a great Revenue of Lands or Tribute, as Kingly and Monarchicall Governments in these Ages have; and in particular, this Nation had, when under such a Government; but it is a Government that is wholly supported and upheld by Taxes, as this Nation wherein we live is; and this Nation (in respect of Government) would not be able to subsist, were it not for this supportation; for now here is no Treasure to be found, nor Revenue left to de­fray the ordinary Charges incident thereunto, much lesse for [Page 35] the maintenance of an Army in the three (quondam) King­domes, and a Navy near ten times as great as was ordinarily maintained under the Royall Government.

Object. But was not Augustus Cesar this Person or Go­vernment, which did subsist in this way; for the Evangelist Luke in his 2. chapter 1. saith, And it came to passe in those dayes, that there came a Decree from Augustus Cesar, that all the world should be taxed.

Answ. It could not be, for these Reasons: First, that Go­vernment by Taxes must immediately precede the vile Per­son; and that Government of Augustus was that which Iohn calls the sixth Head, five are fallen, one is, which is this under which Iohn lived, and was banished by into the Isle of Patmos, and the other is not yet come, which then was not, and is that we now write of, that of Taxes.

Secondly, that Government of Augustus continued some hundred of yeares in its height, and was many ages in decli­ning, this Government by Taxes shall continue a short space, comparatively with the other.

So that we may safely conclude, that this Government, which is to be supported by Taxes, cannot properly be said to have been in any Nation, that was under any of the other six Heads or Governments, if not in this Common-wealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.

3. Ground of our apprehending that the seventh Head is arising (and that among us) which is to be maintained by Taxes, is the Liberty of Conscience (or Freedome to exercise that knowledge, which is communicated to any, in spirituall things, agreeable to the Word of God, or not re­pugnant to it) that is granted here, whereby the Gospel of the Kingdome (or Personall Raign of Christ on Earth) may be freely preached among us (and so shall passe into all the world afterwards, the Sword making way for this Li­berty) which Freedome or Liberty is granted in no Nation, especially upon that account as here; In France there is some tolleration, but of necessity (those that they call Prote­stants there being a considerable powerful party, and so not easily to be suppressed:) In the United Provinces the Li­berty [Page 36] granted, proves very advantaglous to them, by drawing others (that cannot have that liberty in their own Country) thither, who bring with them Estates; but whether poor or rich, they doe contribute little or much towards the charge of maintaining them in their civill Liberties.

But in England it is otherwise, the Liberty that is granted and enjoyed is meerly upon the account, that light is broke forth; and since this Liberty hath been granted (and upon this account) all eyes (that are not wilfully shut from be­holding the same) have seen, that no Nation hath prospered, or hath had the like successe that we have had against all our Enemies; in so much that the neighbour Nations stand in admiration at it, if not tremble, (to God onely be all the Glory) as they have good cause, if at any time they shall combine against us; for the seventh Head must have as large Dominions as any (if not as all) the precedent had.

Now concerning the Lords work, which he will doe under this seventh Head, we shall find it to be twofold, and that in a way of Mercy, as he permitted a twofold work to be done under the sixth Head, in a way of affliction or perse­cution.

The first of which (under the sixth Head) was the ten persecutions of the Saints (which could not be the ten Hornes, as some have imagined, and the Whore of Rome to be the Beast) in the first three hundred yeares after Christ, who then suffered under the litterall Babylonish Whore, in respect of Worship, because they would not sacrifice to Idols; whose judgement (viz. the litterall Babylonish Whore) in respect of Worship, was shewn to Iohn in his 17. Revelations 1, 2. And that by the rise of another Whore (or whorish or false Worship) in the 3. verse, Iohn being carried by the Spirit into the wildernesse, where he saw a Woman that sat upon a skarlet coloured Beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven Heads and ten Hornes. Whose rise of Worship (viz. the spirituall Babylonish or Romish) is and hath been the ruine of the first; and her practise is, by her Emissaries, in respect of doctrine, to cry down all litterall Sacrifices (as killing of Beasts and Fowles, &c.) on [...]ly a spirituall Sacri­fice [Page 37] that they bring instead there of, by offering up their Wa­fer God (so called) in the hands of their Priests; by whom also that absurd doctrine (and bloudy to those poor Saints in the Marian dayes, that would not believe a lie.) of Tran­substantiation was brought in: In opposing of her spirituall whorish Worship, how many Saints (since her rise) hath she made the Martyrs of Jesus, being drunken with their bloud; at which the Apostle Iohn wondred with great admiration, verse 6. And this was the second work that should be brought to passe under the sixth Head, in respect of affliction or persecution; which power of hers, in respect of Worship, will continue in the time of the seventh Head; for she is to sit upon the Beast with seven Heads and ten Hornes; so that she is to have a being after the rise of the ten Hornes, who arise not till the seventh Head hath raigned; and she shall afterwards be destroyed by them in respect of place, or Seat, (viz. Rome it self) if not of worship also, verse 16, 17, 18.

Now the Lords work that is to be done under this seventh Head is, as we said, twofold:

First, the preaching of the Gospel of the Kingdome, Math. 24. 14.

Secondly, the calling home of the Iewes into their own Land (viz. the two Tribes, Iudah and Benjami [...]) to build the City of Ierusalem and the Temple.

Object. Concerning the preaching of the Gospel of the Kingdome, some it may be will say, it hath been preached al­ready, in the dayes of the Apostles, who went about into all parts of the world, according to their Masters Commission in Math. 28. Goe ye into all the world, preach the Gospel to every Creature, &c. and the Apostle Paul in the 10. Romans 18. saith, Their sound went into all the Earth; which say some, is the Gospel spoken of in the 16. verse of that chapter, but they have not all obeyed the Gospel,

Answ. To which we answer, That the Gospel of the Kingdome could not possibly have been preached in all the earth in the Apostles time; for if it had so been, the end of it had been presently, that is, it would not have been any more preached.

[Page 38] 2. It could not have been so preached then, because a large part of the now known world was not then known or disco­vered, nor in many hundred yeares after them; and it may well be questioned, whether it hath at all been preached (yea hardly known or believed by any there) in the Eng­lish Plantations in America, much lesse in the Plantations of other Nations (in that now known part of the world) who cannot endure to have the least light of spirituall things to break forth in their Dominions; witnesse that damnable doctrine of theirs, so highly cried up by the Popish Party, that Ignorance is the Mother of Devotion, joyned with another of the same stamp, that Images are Lay-mens books: but chiefly their cruell tyrannizing over the Consciences of their people, by setting up their Hell upon Earth, their cruell Inquisition, which so long as that is maintained in a Nation, there is little hopes of this Gospel to be preached there. And as concerning that Scripture of the Apostle Paul in his 10. chapter of his Epistle to the Church at Rome, verse 18. if the coherence of the words be well weighed, the Gospel there spoken of, cannot be the Gospel of Christ, which the Apostles had in Commission from him to preach: But it was the Gospel or glad Tydings, spoken of in the Writings of the Prophets (viz. in Isaiah and Nahum) for the Apostle in the 15. verse of that 10. chapter saith, as it is written, how beautifull are the feet, &c. Therefore we suppose we may conclude safely, that this Gospel of the Kingdome or Raign of Christ upon Earth) hath not been published or made known in all the world.

Object. But why must it now be preached in these dayes, in the time of the seventh Head or Government, or what necessity is there for it.

Answ. First, because it hath in some measure been proved (if not fully) that it hath not been preached in all the world as yet, therefore it must be continued to be preached till it hath so been.

Secondly, because the time of the seventh Heads power or Raign is but short, therefore to be hastened in that time, for there is little hopes of Peace or Liberty for the Saints in the [Page 39] time of the ten Hornes or Kings and the Beast.

Thirdly, it cannot be published in any place, but where there is Liberty and Peace, as there is among us, and it is hoped, the Sword that is in the now Magistrates hand of this Nation, will procure the same in other Nations, that there it may be preached also.

Fourthly, because the Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ draweth nigh, (especially in relation to the taking up of the Saints) for if it be so, that the seventh Head be arising and shall continue but a short space, then immediately (up­on his decay or setting) the ten Hornes and the Beast will arise, before whose power is at the height (viz▪ the Beasts) the Saints will be taken up (as we shall clear it more fully hereafter, especially when we open the 12. chapter of the book of the Revelation [...]) therefore the more reason to set upon this most necessary work of the preaching of the Go­spel of the Kingdome, least we be found retarders of our own happinesse.

And as concerning the calling of the I [...]ws in thi [...] time o [...] Government, we say, that is that other work the Lord will Calling of the Jewes▪ now have brought to passe; for as yet they are not so called, nor permitted by the Turks (who have the possession of their Country) to make any habitation there, nor to come thither but as Pilgrims, or to bury the bones of their deceased Friends, which they bring thither from all parts where they inhabit.

Secondly, the Scriptures of the Prophets doe declare, that Ierusalem must be built in its own place (which now it is not, if we may give any belief to Historians and Travellers) so what the Prophet Ieremy foretels concerning this particu­lar in his 30. chapter 18. whose words are these; Thus saith the Lord, behold I will bring again the Captivity of Jacobs Tents, and have mercy on his dwelling places: and the City shall be builded upon her own heap, and the Pallace shall remain after the manner thereof. Also consider of the Prophet Zachery's Prophesie as to this particular, in his 12. chapter 6. In that day will I make the Governours of Judah like a hearth of fire among the wood, and like a Torch of fire in a sheaf, and they shall [Page 46] devoure all the People round about, on the right hand and on the left, and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in Jerusalem, And the other Prophets doe declare, that the City must be beseiged, and the daily Sacrisice taken away, and great tribulation upon that people, and all this before the Beast is at his height, in regard of his power, who doth immediately arise upon the fall of the seventh Head.

So that now having fully made manifest the Beast, in respect of his seven Heads; the next thing to be declared and o­pened is the ten Hornes or Kings; viz. who they are, con­cerning which the Scripture is silent, onely that they are the The ten Hornes. ten toes of Nebuchadnessar's Image, Daniel 2. as to their Persons and Dominion, in respect of Countries, where they shall particularly raign, we find not, and that as yet, they are not risen; for the Apostle Iohn in his 17. Revelations 12. saith, They are ten Kings, who have received no Kingdome as yet, but receive power one hour with the Beast. But thus much we may take notice of by the way, that the ten Hornes and the Beast, when they arise, will make Nebuchadnezars Image compleat, Daniel 2. 33. whose feet were part of Iron, and part of Clay; of whose Iron legs we have already given some account) which in the interpretation he saith, Whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of Potters Clay, and part of Iron; the Kingdome shall be divided, but there shall be in it of the strength of Iron, for as much as thou sawest the Iron mixed Feet and Toes.▪ with the mirie Clay: and as the toes of the feet were part of Iron and part of Clay; so the Kingdome shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest the Iron mixed with the mirie Clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men, but they shall not cleave one to another, even as Iron is not mixed with Clay. And in the daye [...] of those Kings shall the God of Heaven set up a Kingdome, which shall never be destroyed, and the Kingdome shall not be left to other People, but it shall break in peices and consume all these Kingdomes, and it shall stand for ever, verse 41, 42, 43, 44. So that as they are partly strong and partly weak (they being but a mixt power, that are uni­ted for the perfecting of some great design, but will not long hold together, for before the little Horn will three of the [Page 41] ten Hornes be pluckt away, Daniel 7. [...]. which in the inter­pretation verse 24. its said, he shall subdue three Kings) it intimates, that they will be divided, and he shall have those that will oppose him, yea, and destroy his royal Seats, of which more hereafter.

Secondly, concerning the place from whence the Beast and ten Kings are to arise, it will evidently appear to be, out of The place where. the Dominion that the seventh Head is to have, though Da­niel seemeth to say, that they shall arise out of the sixth Head or fourth Beast in his 7. chapter 23, 24 yet compared with other Scriptures, it will plainly appear, that they will arise out of the seventh Head; see the 17. Revelations 11, 12. and Daniel 11. 21. but they must arise out of that part of the Dominion that was under the sixth Head, or Romane Monarchy, in Iohns time, for the Dominion of the seventh Head will be of a farre larger extent than ever the sixth was in Iohns dayes, in regard of that large part of the world, that was unknown, and undiscovered in those dayes, but now is, and shall be brought under the power and government of the seventh Head.

And in particular, the Beast that was and is not (which is the Beast compleat with seven Heads and ten Hornes) and which yet shall be, he is the eight, and is of the seven; his rise will be in that part of the world that it was at the first, viz. in Assyria, and in that part thereof which was called Caldea; whose chief City shall be Babylon, as it was at the first; for Iohn saith, The Beast that thou sawest, was, and is not, and shall ascend out of the bottomlesse Pit, chap. 17. 8. Not that it was then so made manifest or known; for Iohn saw not things as they then were apparent to the world, but what should be in its time; nor that it should be made manifest when the Beast did arise, but what it should be afterwards: So that his rise is out of that part of the world, that should in its time be made manifest to be the bottomlesse Pit; out of which Pit the Locusts shall arise, that shall plague or sting the Inhabitants of the Earth, which have not the Seal of God in their fore­heads, Revel. 9. 3, 4. and in which place the Devill shall be chained up for a thousand yeares, Revel. 20. 1, 2, 3. Now [Page 42] that the bottomlesse Pit shall be in Caldea; see what the same Apostle Iohn heard, as concerning Babylon, what it should be; viz The habitation of Devils, and the hold of eve­ry foul Spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hatefull Bird, Revel. 18. 2. which compared with the 13. Isaiah 19, 20. 21, 22. and chap. 14. 22, 23. you will find how they agree in their Prophesies and Visions concerning the desolation and destruction of that place▪ I shall (to conclude as concern­ing the bottomlesse Pit, which shall be in Caldea, and chiefly in Babylon) relate a little at large what the Prophet Ieremy hath foretold concerning it, whose words are these, There­fore Jer. 50. 39, 40. the wild Beasts of the Desert, with the wild Beasts of the Islands shall dwell there, and the Owles shall dwell therein; and it shall be no more inhabited for ever; neither shall it be dwelt in from Generation to Gener ation. As God overthrew Sodome and Gomorha, and the neighbor Cities thereof, saith the Lord; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein. What they will doe.

The third thing to be considered of, is what the ten Horns and Beast will doe before and after the taking up of the Saints.

First, before the taking up of the Saints, the ten Hornes will arise, and hate the Whore, and make her desolate, &c. Revel. 17. 16. and this Whore or Woman, is that great City, which raigneth over the Kings of the Earth, verse 18. (viz. in that time that Iohn saw the Vision and wrote this Book) and God hath put into their hearts to fulfill his will, and to agree with one consent to give their Kingdome unto the Beast, untill the words of God be fulfilled, verse 17. So that they must first hate the Whore, and destroy her, before they give up their power unto the Beast.

Secondly, As to the Beast, what he will doe.

First, Before the Saints are taken up, we find much in the 21. chapter of Daniels Prophesie after his rise. As that Armes shall be overthrown with a floud before him, and shall be broken, and also the Prince of the Covenant (or chief of those who had joyned in a League to oppose him;) and after the League made with him (he having obtained [Page 43] his power and dominion at the first by flatteries) he shall work deceitfully, for he shall come up and overcome with a small people (in regard the Nations had no thoughts of a Warre, a League being lately made before between them) and he shall enter into the quiet and plentifull Province (that is, into the Land of Canaan, whose barrennesse shall then be healed, as severall of the Prophets have foretold; Esay 32. 15. and in his 51. chapter 3. he faith, For the Lord shall comfort Sion; he will comfort all her wast places, and he will make her Wildernesse like Eden, and her Desert like the Garden of the Lord: Ioy and gladnesse shall be found therein, thanksgiving and the voyce of melody: Also the 30. Ieremiah 17. and chap. 33. 6. to the 14. verse. Ezekiel 38. 12. and Ioell 2. 19, 22, 23, 24.) and he shall doe that which his Fa­thers have not done, nor his Fathers Fathers; he shall divide among them the prey, and the spoil, and the substance (a thing which his Fathers, nor none of his Predecessors ever did, for they took all from the people of the Iewes, never divided any among them, which he shall doe) yea; he shall forecast his devises against the strong holds, even for a time, verse 24. although at that time he doth doe much for them, onely to put them into a secure condition. In the 25. and 26. verses it is said, he shall make warre with the King of the South (the Aegyptdan Prince) and he shall be betrayed to the vile Person, by those that feed of the Portion of his meat, but afterwards they shall be reconciled seemingly, for they shall talk of deceit (or speak lies) at one Table, verse 27. and both set their hearts to doe mischief, but it shall not avail, for yet the end shall be at the time appointed: and verse 28. He shall return into his own Land, with great sub­stance (or Riches) and his heart shall be against the holy Covenant (or people of the Iowes, with whom he had be­fore made a League, and divided his spoll among them) so shall he doe, and return to his own Land; that is, his evill thoughts will then begin to work against them, according to Ez [...]kiels Prophesie in his 38. chapter 10, 11, 13. for this Gog or Prince of Meshech and Tuball will evidently appear to be be this vile Person or Iohns Beast, if we compare Ezok. 38. [Page 44] 18. to the 23. and 39. chapter 17, 18, 19, 20 with the 19. Revel. 17, 18.) And at the time appointed he shall return and come toward the South; (at which return of his, his evill thoughts doe then begin to shew themselves in actions, by his causing them (viz. the Iewes) to be beseiged, as he passeth through their Country towards the King of the South. For then it is, that Sheba, and Dedan, and the Mer­chants of Tarshish shall say, (to Gog or this vile Person) art thou come to take the Prey and the Spoile, Ezek. 38. 13. So that now will begin to be fulfilled another part of Dani­els Prophesie, who saith in his 8. chapter 13, 14. that the time that the dayly Sacrifice shall be taken away, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the Sanctuary and the Host, to be trodden under feet, shall be two thousand three hundred dayes, and then the Sanctuary shall be cleansed. So that the taking away of the daily Sacrifice (by reason of his beseiging Ierusalem) shall be near three yeares, or about a thousand dayes, before the abomination that makes de so­late be set up (which cannot be till after the City is taken by the vile Person: And from that time, that the abomination is set up, it shall be one thousand two hundred and ninety dayes before the end of the vile Persons Raign be; and blessed is he that wait [...]th and cometh to the one thousand three hun­dred and five and thirty dayes, Daniel 12. 11, 12.) But the last (expedition) shall not be as the first; For the Ships of Chittim shall come against him, &c. verse 30. Who they are the Scripture is silent; onely we find another prophesie of Balaam to this effect in the 24. Numbers 24. where it is said, And Skips shall come from the Coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Ashur, and shall afflict Eber, and he (Ashur) also shall perish for ever.

Now we shall give in something of our own thoughts concerning this verse (and yet not our own, but what is gi­ven in unto us; which its likely will be sleighted by those that are prepossessed with former and antient Expositions on this Subject, but we shall leave it to after time, which will manifest whether we are in the truth or no;) the Ships of Chittim we doe apprehend to be the power or forces of the [Page 45] ten Hornes or Kings, who had lately destroyed Rome, and now are invi­ted by the King of the South (or Aegypt). (whom we doe apprehend to be one or those ten Kings, a part of whose Forces hath been with the rest in destroying the Whore or Woman viz Rome) to help him against the vile Person, who he heares is preparing for a second invasion on him, which they hearken unto (in regard they have done their great work in destroying the Whore, Rome;) and the vile person finding it (by his Intelligences) to be true: He considers with himself, that this must needs be a very great power that is coming against him, (that had de­stroyed so great and famous a City as Rome) which makes him sorry that he must leave his Southern design, and therefore now frets himself against the holy Covenant, and returnes against the people of the Iews, whom he will then beseige with his whole force; and in the heighth of his power thinking to take it, is he and his Army so terrified with that dreadfull sight of the Graves opening, and the believing Saints being taken up to meet the Lord Jesus in the air (at which time the Devill shall be cast into the earth, and shall give his power unto the Beast) that they shall fly and call to the Rocks to fall upon them, &c. Rev. 6. And during the time of that terror will the Church of the Iews (viz. the one hundred fourty and four thousand) fly out of Ierusalem into the wildernesse.

And now we come to declare what he (id [...]st, the v [...]le Person or Beast) will doe after the Saints are taken up; that is, he and his Army, after a short space, will recover their Spirits again, and being impowred by the devill (according to what Iohn saw in a vision that would be in his 13. Rev. 7.) he takes Ierusalem, and half the City is carried into capti­vity, the other half remaining therein, Za [...]h. 14. 2. And then will he set himself in the Temple of God, and exalt himself above all that is called God, 2 Thess. 2. 4. and Dan. 11. 36. Presently after this will another part of Daniels prophesies be fulfilled, verse 31. And armes shall stand on his part, &c. for the forces of the ten Hornes or Kings, who came to assist the King of the South (by reason of Satans malioe, increasing against the Woman, or Church of the Iewes, fled into the wildernesse) are now perswaded, by the Dragon and the vile Person, to joyn with him, in utterly rooting out this people of the Iewes out of that plentifull Country; and to cause them the sooner to comply with him, he will tell them how great his power is, as that that great terror that fell upon all the Inhabitants of the world, was not in any favour or assistance to the Iews (whom he then beseiged) but to him; the God of this world (the Devill) having now communicated his power to him, as the Apostle [Page 46] Iohn declares the Dragon will doe, Rev. 13. 2. and his lies prevail with them, according to the prophesie of the Apostle Paul, 2 Thess. 2. 11. which he having effected, he then is that Beast compleat with seven Heads and ten Hornes, having them all under his power and command.

And now we apprehend will be the time, when all the world will won­der after the Beast, whose deadly wound by a Sword was healed and did live, Rev. 13. 3, 14. which deadly wound had relation to the time that Phull and Arbaces did divide the Assyrian and Babylonian Monar­chy between them, in the dayes of Sardanapulus the last of Nimrods posterity; which Beast the Apostle Iohn saith in the 17. Rev. 8. Was and is not, and shall ascend out of the bottomlesse Pit, and shall goe into perdition, and they that dwell on the Earth shall wonder (whose names are not written in the Book of Life from the foundation of the world) when they behold the Beast that was, and is not, and yet is. As if it had been a thing impossible, that ever any Monarch should arise out of that place again.) And so they come and joyn with him, who immediately (after this conjunction) persueth the Woman (the Church of the Iews) that is fled into the wildernesse; and they staying behind to keep possession of Ierusalem, by the perswasion of the false Prophet (who arose among them) set up the abomination that makes desolate, as is prophesied of by Daniel in his 11. chapter 31. verse: Which Prophesie could not be fulfilled in the dayes of Antiochus Epiphanes (though that might be a type of this) as the marginall Notes in the Geneva Translation seem to hold forth, for they say, the said Antiochus did then set up the Image of Iupiter Olimpius in the Temple of Ierusalem: Now if that prophesie had then been ful­filled, the Lord Jesus (by two of his Evangelists, Mathew and Mark) would not have left it upon Record, (Math. 24. 15. Mark 13. 14.) for the Iowes to take notice of, that then would be the time that they had most need to fly, in regard of the great tribulation that would immediat­ly follow, such as was not from the beginning of the world to that time, nor shall be, Math. 24. 21. therefore this could not be fulfilled before. Besides this Abomination that is then to be set up, is the Image of the vile Person or Beast (who is not yet risen as to be made manifest) ac­cording to the Apostle Iohns R [...]velation, chap. 13. 14, 15. and not any other Image, or offering of Swines flesh, as some other Expositors on that place doe hold forth.

Now having declared something of the actings of this Beast, both be­fore and after the Saints are taken up, we shall in the next place mention something of the time of hi [...] Raign, how The time of his Raign, how long after the Saints are taken up. long it will be, with some passages of things during that time, which we have not already declared.

[Page 47] As to the time, the Apostle Iohn in his 11. chapter of his Revelations 2. saith But the Court that is without the Temple, cast out and meet it not, for it is given unto the Gentiles, and the holy City shall they trea [...] under foot two and fourty months. Which compared with the 9. Daniel 27. And he shall confirme the Covenant with many for one week, and in the midst of the week he shall cause the Sacrifice and the Oblation to cease, &c. And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall weare out the Saints of the most High, and think to change Times and Lawes: and they shall be given into his hands untill a time, and times, and the dividing of time, Daniel 7. 25. also other Scriptures for the farther clearing of this may be found in the 12 Daniel 7, 11, 12. verses. So that from the time of the Saints be­ing taken up, and the Dragon or Devill being cast down (who gives his power to the Beast) to the time that the Beast and false Prophet will be taken alive and cast into the lake [...]f fire, and the said Devill or Dragon bound up with a chain, will be but a short time; for the v [...]yce in heaven, Revelation 12. 10. and the beginning, and the 12. verse, the latter end, declares a Wo [...] to the Inhabitants of the Earth, and of the Sea, for the D [...]vill is come down unto you, which hath great wrath, knowing that he hath but a sh [...]rt time, So that taking the longest time of the Prophecies concerning him, from the said time of the Saints being taken up, to his end, will not be four yeares. A short time in respect of eternity, but a long time in respect of the miseries and plagues that will fall upon the Inhabitants of the Earth. In that time this little Horn (as Daniel calls him in his 7. chapter 24.) shall subdue three Kings, which in the 8. verse of that chapter the calls Hornes; who these three are, pro­bably they may be found, to be Aegypt, Lybia, and Aeth [...]opia, Daniel 11. 43. but if these be not those, then as yet we cannot discern from the Scriptures who they are. Also in that time the Witnesses prophesie, who have pow [...]r to smite the Earth with all manner of plagues as often as they will; and then will the seven Trumpets sound, and the seven Vi [...]ls be poured forth; of which we shall hereafter, as time and opportunity shall serve, and the Lord assisting of us, declare further what is given In unto us concerning them.

Fifthly, For his Ruine, it will be after he hath raised a very great Army, and that by the Spirits of Devills working Miracles, that goe out of his mouth, and the Dragons, and the false Prophets, who goe unto the Kings of His Ruine. the Earth, and of the whole world, to gather them to the battell of the great day of God Almighty, Revelations 16. 13, 14. For in the 19. Revelations 19, 20. Iohn saith, And I saw the Beast, and the Kings of the Earth, and their Hosts gathered together to make battell against him that sat on the Horse, and against his Army; but the Beast was taken, and with him that false Prophet that wrought miracles before him, whereby he dcceived them that received: he Beasts mark, and them that worshipped his Image; these both were alive cast into a lake of fire, burn­ing with brimstone. Now if we compar [...] this Scripture of his Ruine with o her Scriptures, we shall find, that the Beast, the Man of sin, the vile Person, the little Horn, and Gog the Prince of Meshech and Tuball, to be all one Person, under severall Names and Titles, i [...] we consi­der their Actings and Ends.

1. First for the Man of fin, the Apostle Paul gives the Church at Thessalonica a description of him, by his Actings and End, 2 Thess. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8▪ 9.

2. For the vile Person, though we have not so clear a Scripture how he shall come to his [...]nd, yet his Actings will demonstrate him to be the same, Daniel 11. 3 [...]. and so forward but in the 36. verse you have the substance of all; And the King shall doe what him list, he shall exalt himself, and magnifie himself ahove every God, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of Gods▪ and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished, for that that is determined shall be done. And in the last vers [...], He shall come to his end.

3. For the little Horn, Daniel in his 7. chap [...] 11. tells us, that then he beh [...]ld, because of [...] voyce of the presumptuous words which the little H [...]rn spake, I beh [...]ld even till the Beast was [...], and his body destroyed a [...]d given to the burning flame.

[Page 48] 4. For Gog the Prince of Meshech and Tuball, the Prophet Ezekiel who saw his Rise and Ruine, gives an account of him in his 38. and 39 chapters, whose end is sutable to the other description of the Prophets (both before and after Ezekiels prophesie) and Apostles of that Person, whose power shall be so great in the latter dayes; consider well of the 17. verse of Ezekiels 38. chapter, and in the 22: verse of that chapter is the ruine of his Army declared; and the Fowles of the Heaven are invited to this great Slaughter or Sacrifice of the Lord, chap: 39: 17, 18: compared with the 19: Rev. 17, 18.

Now though the Ruine of the Beast or vile Person, &c. be on this manner, yet it may ve­ry well be questioned, whether the ten Hornes or Kings (or rather seven of the ten, the Beast having already rcoted up three of them) are destroyed with him; for if we consi­der well of th [...]t portion of Daniels Prophesie, chap: 7: 12: where it is said, as concerning the other Beasts, they had their Dominion taken away yet their lives were prolonged for a certain time and season: we may rather conclude, that they were not destroyed with the Beast.

The next particular that we shall (with the Lords Assistance) treat upon, will be the opening of the 12: chapter of the Apostle Johns Visions and Revelations, which as we shall not declare rash and sudden thoughts thereon, so we desire it may not be suddenly expected from us, but rather to wait a while, for light is breaking forth daily, and that which may be apprehended for a truth to day; to morrow may easily be discerned to be a mistake; It is with us as with Military Persons upon duty in the Field, especially those that are upon the Guard, who looking about them continually (but chiefly upon break of the day) discover variety of Objects as they apprehend, & as there are, quot homines tot Sententioe, so many men so many minds or opinions, for one saith, that such a black thing that is at a pretty distance, is a Man, another saith a Tree, another a Horse, another this or that, when as possibly within a short time after (the day dawning more and more) they plainly perceive that they were all in an error, though then when they gave their opinions, they all might be confident, that what they said it was, it was, and then (as we apprehend) no evill in them, because they knew not the contrary, though not possible, that one Object upon the near approach, or by day light, could be the same thing that men of severall judgements said it was: So it is with us, in respect of what we have already written, or shall; for many before us, in times of dark­nesse, have given their interpretation, on these Subjects, In a contrary sense; and saying, that these Prophesies have all (or the most part) been fulfilled long since; but we who are come near to the dawning of the day of the Lord Jesus, doe clearly discern, that th [...]se that went before us, and writ on these Subjects, were much mistaken; and those that come after us will have a clearer and fuller discovery of these things then as yet we have; which then we hope will appear evidently to the eyes of all those, whose eyes of their understandings are en­lightned by the Word and Spirit of God, to be such. Now to God onely wise, and our Fa­ther, and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour, who hath not left us comfortlesse, but hath sent us His holy Spirit into our hearts, to guide and direct us in the way of Truth, be Glory, Praise and Dominion for ever: Amen.


This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Text Creation Partnership. This Phase I text is available for reuse, according to the terms of Creative Commons 0 1.0 Universal. The text can be copied, modified, distributed and performed, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.