ARTICLES OF PEACE BETWEEN The Most Serene and Mighty Prince WILLIAM the Third, King of Great Britain, and the Most Serene and Mighty Prince LEWIS the Fourteenth, the Most Christian King, Concluded in the Royal Pa­lace at Ryswicke the 10/20 Day of Sep­tember, 1697.

By Command of Their Excellencies the Lords Iustices.


LONDON, Printed by Charles Bill and the Exe­cutrix of Thomas Newcomb, deceas'd; Printers to the Kings most Excellent Majesty. 1697.

ARTICLES OF PEACE BETWEEN The most Serene and Mighty Prince WILLIAM the Third King of Great Britain, and the most Serene and Mighty Prince LEWIS the Four­teenth the most Christian King, Concluded in the Royal Palace at Ryswicke the 10/20. Day of Sep­tember. 1697.

I.THAT there be an Uni­versal Perpetual Peace, and a True and Sincere Friend­ship between the Most Se­rene and Mighty Prince WILLIAM the Third, King of Great Britain, and the most Serene and Mighty Prince LEWIS the Fourteenth the most Chri­stian King, Their Heirs and Successors, and between the Kingdoms, States and Sub­jects of Both, and that the same be so Sin­cerely and Inviolably Observed and Kept, [Page 4]that the One shall Promote the Interest, Honour, and Advantage of the Other, and that on both sides a Faithful Neighbourhood and true Observation of Peace and Friend­ship, may daily Flourish and Encrease.

II. THAT all Enmities, Hostilities, Discords, and Wars, between the said. King of Great Britain and the most Christian King, and Their Subjects, Cease and be Abolished, so that on both sides They Forbear and Ab­stain hereafter from all Plundring, Depre­dation, Harm-doing, Injuries, and Infestation whatsoever, as well by Land as by Sea, and on Fresh Waters, every where; and especially throughout all the Kingdoms, Territories, Dominions, and Places, belonging to each other, of what Condition soever they be.

III. THAT all Offences, Injuries, Damages, which the said King of Great Britain and His Subjects, or the said most Christian King and His Subjects have suffered from each other during this War, shall be forgotten, so that neither on Account of them, or for any o­ther Cause or Pretence, neither Party, or the Subjects of either, shall hereafter do, [Page 5]cause or suffer to be done any Hostility, Enmity, Molestation, or Hindrance to the other, by himself or others, Secretly or Openly, Directly or Indirectly, by Colour of Right or Way of Fact.

IV. AND since the most Christian King was never more desirous of any thing, than that the Peace be Firm and Inviolable, the said King Promises and Agrees for Him­self and His Successors, That He will on no Account whatsoever disturb the said King of Great Britain in the free Possession of the Kingdoms, Countries, Lands or Dominions which He now Enjoys, and therefore En­gages His Honour, upon the Faith and Word of a King, that He will not give or Afford any Assistance, directly or indirectly, to any Enemy or Enemies of the said King of Great Britain; And that He will in no man­ner whatsoever favour the Conspiracies or Plots which any Rebels, or ill disposed Per­sons, may in any Place Excite or Contrive against the said King; And for that End Promises and Engages, That He will not Assist with Arms, Ammunition, Ships, Provi­sions, or Money, or in any other way, by Sea or Land, any Person or Persons, who shall here­after, [Page 6]under any pretence Whatsoever, Di­sturb or Molest the said King of Great Britain in the free and full Possession of His Kingdoms, Countries, Lands and Domini­ons. The King of Great Britain likewise Pro­mises and Engages for Himself and Succes­sors, Kings of Great Britain, That He will In­violably Do and Perform the same towards the said most Christian King, His King­doms, Countries, Lands and Dominions.

V. THAT there be a free use of Navigation and Commerce between the Subjects of both the said Kings, as was formerly in the time of Peace, and before the Declaration of the late War, so that every one of them may freely come into the Kingdoms, Marts, Ports and Rivers of either of the said Kings with their Merchandises, and may there Continue and Trade without any Molesta­tion, and shall Use and Enjoy all Liber­ties, Immunities and Priviledges granted by Solemn Treaties, and Antient Custom.

VI. THAT the Ordinary Administration of Justice shall be Restored and Set open, throughout the Kingdoms and Dominions [Page 7]of both Kings, so that it shall be Free for all the Subjects of Either, to Claim and Ob­tain their Rights, Pretensions and Actions, according to the Laws, Constitutions and Statutes of each Kingdom.

VII. THE Most Christian King shall Restore to the said King of Great Britain, all Coun­tries, Islands, Forts and Colonies whereso­ever Situated, which the English did Possess before the Declaration of this present War. And in like manner the King of Great Britain shall Restore to the most Christian King all Countries, Islands, Forts and Colonies wheresoever Situated, which the French did Possess before the said Declaration of War. And this Restitution shall be made on both Sides, within the Space of Six Months, or sooner if it can be done. And to that end immediately after the Ratification of this Treaty, each of the said Kings shall Deliver, or cause to be Delivered to the other, or to Commissioners Authorized in His Name for that Purpose, all Acts of Concession, Instruments, and necessary Orders, duly Made and in proper Form; so that they may have their Effect.

[Page 8] VIII. COMMISSIONERS shall be appointed on both sides, to Examine and Determine the Rights and Pretensions which either of the said Kings hath to the Places Situated in Hudsons-Bay; But the Possession of those Places which were taken by the French, du­ring the Peace that preceded this present War, and were retaken by the English du­ring this War, shall be left to the French, by virtue of the foregoing Article. The Ca­pitulation made by the English on the Fifth of September, 1696. shall be Observed, ac­cording to its Form and Tenor; The Mer­chandises therein mentioned shall be resto­red; The Governour of the Fort taken there shall be set at Liberty, if it be not al­ready done; The Differences arisen con­cerning the Execution of the said Capitu­lation, and the Value of the Goods there lost, shall be adjudged and determined by the said Commissioners; who immediately shall be Invested with sufficient Autho­rity for settling the Limits and Confines of the Lands to be restored on either side, by virtue of the foregoing Article, and likewise for exchanging of Lands, as may conduce to the mutual Interest and Advantage of both Kings.

[Page 9] And to this end the Commissioners, so appointed, shall within the space of Three Months from the time of the Ratification of the present Treaty, meet in the City of London, and within Six Months, to be reckon­ed from their First Meeting, shall Deter­mine all Differences and Disputes which may arise concerning this matter; After which, the Articles the said Commissioners shall Agree to, shall be Ratified by both Kings, and shall have the same Force and Vigour, as if they were inserted Word for Word in the present Treaty.

IX. ALL Letters, as well of Reprisal as of Marque and Counter-Marque, which hi­therto therto have for any cause been granted on either side, shall be, and remain Null and Void; Nor shall any the like Letters be hereafter granted by either of the said Kings against the Subjects of the Other, un­less it be first made manifest, that Right hath been denied; and it shall not be taken for a denial of Right, unless the Petition of the Person, who desires Letters of Reprisal to be granted to him, be first shewn to the Minister, residing there on the part of the King, against whose Subjects those Letters are desired; That within the space of Four [Page 10]Months or sooner, he may inquire into the contrary, or procure that satisfaction be made with all speed from the Party offend­ing, to the Complainant. But if the King against whose Subjects Reprisals are de­manded, have no Minister residing there, Letters of Reprisal shall not be granted, till after the space of Four Months, to be reckoned from the day on which his Peti­tion was made and presented to the King, against whose Subjects Reprisals are desired, or to his Privy Council.

X. FOR cutting off all Matter of Dispute and Contention, which may arise concerning the Restitution of Ships, Merchandises, and other Moveable Goods, which either Party may complain to be taken and detained from the other, in Countries, and on Coasts far di­stant, after the Peace is concluded, and be­fore it be notified there; All Ships, Mer­chandises, and other Moveable Goods, which shall be taken by either side, after the Sign­ing and Publication of the present Treaty, within the space of Twelve Days in the British and North Seas, as far as the Cape St. Vincent; Within the space of Ten Weeks beyond the said Cape, and on this side of the Equinoctial Line or Equator, as well in the [Page 11]Ocean and Mediterranean Sea as elsewhere; Lastly, Within the space of Six Months be­yond the said Line throughout the whole World, shall belong and remain unto the Possessors, without any Exception or fur­ther Distinction of Time or Place, or any Consideration to be had of Restitution or Compensation.

XI. BUT if it happens through Inadvertency or Imprudence, or any other Cause what­ever, that any Subject of either of the said Two Kings, shall do or commit any thing by Land or Sea, or on Fresh Water, a­ny where, contrary to the present Treaty, or that any Particular Article thereof is not Fulfilled; This Peace and good Cor­respondence between the said Two Kings shall not on that Account be Interrupted or Infringed, but shall remain its former Force, Strength and Vigour, and the said Subject only shall Answer for his own Fact, and undergo the Punishment to be Inflicted, according to the Custome and Law of Na­tions.

XII. BUT if (which God forbid,) the Dif­ferences now Composed between the said [Page 12]Kings should at any time be renewed, and break out into open War, the Ships, Mer­chandises and all kind of Movealbe Goods of either Party, which shall be found to be and remain in the Ports and Dominions of the Adverse Party, shall not be Confiscated or brought under any Inconveniency, but the whole space of Six Months shall be allow­ed to the Subjects of both of the said Kings, that they may carry away and transport the foresaid Goods, and any thing else that is theirs, whither they shall think fit, without any Molestation.

XIII. FOR what concerns the Principality of Orange, and other Lands and Dominions be­longing to the said King of Great Britain; The separate Article of the Treaty of Nime­guen, concluded between the most Christian King and the States General of the United Provinces the 10th day of August 1678. shall, according to its Form and Tenor, have full Effect, and all things that have been In­novated and Altered, shall be restored as they were before. All Decrees, Edicts, and other Acts, of what kind soever they be, without exception, which are in any man­ner contrary to the said Treaty, or were made after the conclusion thereof, shall be [Page 13]held to be null and void, without any revi­val or consequence for the future: And all things shall be restored to the said King in the same state, and in the same manner, as he held and enjoyed them before he was dispossessed thereof in the time of the War, which was ended by the said Treaty of Ni­meguen, or which he ought to have held and enjoyed according to the said Treaty: And that an end may be put to all Trouble, Dif­ferences, Processes and Questions, which may arise concerning the same, Both the said Kings will name Commissioners who, with full and summary Power, may com­pose and settle all these matters. And for­asmuch as by the Authority of the most Christian King, the King of Great Britain was hindred from enjoying the Revenues, Rights and Profits, as well of His Principa­lity of Orange as of other His Dominions, which after the conclusion of the Treaty of Nimeguen, until the Declaration of the pre­sent War, were under the Power of the said most Christian King, The said most Christian King will Restore, and cause to be Restored in reality, with Effect, and with the Interest due, all those Revenues, Rights and Profits, according to the Declarations and Verifica­tions that shall be made before the said Commissioners.

[Page 14] XIV. THE Treaty of Peace Concluded be­tween the most Christian King, and the late Elector of Brandenburg at St. Germains in Laye the 29 June, 1679. shall be Restored in all its Articles, and remain in its former Vigour between His Sacred Most Christian Majesty and His Electoral Highness of Bran­denburgh.

XV. WHEREAS 'twill greatly conduce to the publick Tranquility that the Treaty be observed, which was concluded between His Sacred most Christian Majesty and His Roy­al Highness of Savoy, on the Ninth of August, 1696. 'tis Agreed that the said Treaty shall be confirmed by this Article.

XVI. UNDER this present Treaty of Peace shall be comprehended those who shall be na­med by either Party, with common consent, before the Exchange of Ratifications, or within Six Months after. But in the mean time, the most Serene and Mighty Prince WILLIAM King of Great Britain, and the [Page 15]most Serene and Mighty Prince LEWIS the most Christian King, gratefully ac­knowledging the sincere Offices and Indefa­tigable Endeavours, which have been em­ployed by the most Serene and Mighty Prince Charles King of Sueden, by the Inter­position of His Mediation, in bringing this Happy Work of the Peace, with the Divine Assistance, to the desired Conclusion; And to shew the like Affection to him, 'tis by consent of all Parties Stipulated and Agreed, That His said Sacred Royal Majesty of Sueden, shall with all His Kingdoms, Countries, Pro­vinces and Rights be included in this Treaty, and comprehended in the best manner, in the present Pacification.

XVII. LASTY, The Solemn Ratifications of this present Agreement and Alliance made in due Form, shall be delivered on both sides, and mutually and duly Exchanged at the Royal Palace of Ryswicke, in the Province of Holland, within the space of Three Weeks, to be reckoned from the Day of the Sub­scription, or sooner if it may be.

[Page 16] In Testimony of all and every the things before mentioned, and for their greater Force, and to give them all the Vigour and full Authority they ought to have the Un­derwritten Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiaries, together with the Illustri­ous and most Excellent the Extraordinary Ambassador Mediator, have Signed and Sealed the present Instrument of Peace.

Signed by the English and French Ambassadors, and by the Mediator.

Separate Article.

BESIDES all that is Concluded and Sti­pulated by the Treaty of Peace Signed this present day, the 20th of September, It is more­over agreed by the present Separate Article, which shall have the same Force and Effect as if it was inserted word for word in the said Treaty, That the most Christian King shall Covenant and Agree and by the present Ar­ticle He does Covenant and Agree, That it shall be free for the Emperor and the Em­pire, [Page 17]until the First day of November next, to accept the Conditions of Peace lately pro­posed by the most Christian King, accord­ing to the Declaration made on the First day of this present Month, unless in the mean time it shall be otherwise agreed between His Imperial Majesty and the Empire, and His most Christian Majesty. And in case His Imperial Majesty does not within the time prefixed accept those Conditions, or that it be not otherwise agreed between His Imperial Majesty and the Empire, and His most Christian Majesty, the said Treaty shall have its full Effect, and be duly put in Execution according to its Form and Te­nor; And it shall not be lawful for the King of Great Britain, directly or indirectly, on any account or cause whatsoever, to act contrary to the said Treaty.


This Treaty in Latin is likewise in the Press, to­gether with the Translation.

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