ADVERTISEMENT.

SIr Thomas Morgan drew up the following Relation, at a Friend's desire, who was unwilling, that Posterity should want an Authentick Account of the Actions of the Six Thousand ENGLISH, whom Cromwel sent to assist the FRENCH, against the SPANIARDS, and thought the Right they did their Country, by their Behaviour, might make some amends, for the Occasion of their being in that Service. It had been printed in the last Reign, if the Authority of it had not interposed, because there was not so much said of some, who were then in the Spanish Army, as they expected; and is pub­lished now to let the World see, that more was owing to Our Countrymen, at the Battle of Dunkirk, than eitherPart II. p. 135. Mons. Bus­sy Rabutin, orPart II. p. 561. Ludlow, in their Memoirs do allow. The former, by his Manner of Expression, seems contented with an Opportunity to lessen their Merit; and being in the right Wing of the French, while this passed in the left, comes under the just Reflection he himself makes,Part II. p. 139. a little after, upon the Descri­bers of Fights, who are particular, in what they did not see; and whether the latter was misinformed, or swayed by his Preju­dice Part II. p. 496. to those that were engaged to Support the new erected Ty­ranny, is left to the Reader to judge. It may not be improper to add, that these Papers came to the Publisher's hand, from the Gentleman, at whose Request they were wrote, and to whom Sir Thomas Morgan confirmed every Paragraph of them, as they were read over, at the time he deliver'd them to him; which, besides the unaffected Plainness of the Style, may be ur­ged for the Credit of the Narrative, since Sir Thomas was entituled to so much true Reputation, that he had no need to grasp at any that was false.

A True and Just RELATION OF Maj. Gen. Sir Thomas Morgan's PROGRESS IN FRANCE and FLANDERS, WITH THE Six Thousand ENGLISH, In the YEARS 1657 and 1658: At the Taking of DUNKIRK AND Other Important Places. As it was Deliver'd by the GENERAL himself.

London: Printed for J. Nutt, near Stationers-hall, 1699.

A True and Just RELATION OF Maj. Gen. Sir Thomas Morgan's Progress in FRANCE and FLANDERS, WITH The Six Thousand ENGLISH, in the Years 1657 and 1658.

THE French King, and his Eminence the Cardinal Ma­zarine, came to view the Six Thousand English, near Charleroy, and ordered Major-General Morgan, with the said Six Thousand English, to march and make conjunction with Mareschal Turenne's Army, who soon after the conjunction,The Siege of St. Ve­nant. beleaguer'd a Town, call'd St. Ve­nant, on the Borders of Flanders. Mareschal Turenne having in­vested the Town on the East-side, and Major-General Morgan with his Six Thousand English, and a Brigade of French-Horse on the West, the Army encamp'd betwixt Mareschal Turenne's [Page 2] Approaches and Major-General Morgan's; and being to relieve Count Schomberg, out of the Approaches of the West-side of the Town, Major-General Morgan marched into the Approaches with Eight Hundred English. The English at that time being strangers in Approaches, Major-General Morgan instructed the Officers and Soldiers to take their Places by Fifties, that there­by they might relieve the Point to carry on the Approaches eve­ry Hour. In the mean time whil'st we besieged the Town, the Enemy h [...]d beleaguered a Town called Ardres, within five Miles of Calis. In the Evening Count Schomberg, with Six Noblemen, came upon the Point, to see how Major-General Morgan carried on his Approaches, but there happened a little confusion by the Soldiers intermingling themselves in the Approaches, so as there was never an entire Fifty to be called to the Point. Count Schom­berg and his Noblemen taking notice thereof, Major-General Morgan was much troubled, leap'd upon the Point, and called out Fifty to take up the Spades, Pickaxes, and Fascines, and fol­low him: But so it happen'd, that all in the Approaches leap'd out after him, the Enemy in the mean time firing as fast as they could. Major-General Morgan conceiving his loss in bringing them again to their Approaches, would be greater than in car­rying them forward, passed over a Channel of Water, on which there was a Bridge and a Turnpike, and the Soldiers crying out, Fall on, fall on, he fell upon the Counterscarp, beat the Enemy from it,St. Venant taken by the Major-General. and three Redoubts, which caus'd them to Capitulate, and the next Morning to surrender the Town, and receive a French Garrison; so as the sudden reduction thereof, gave Ma­reschal Turenne an opportunity afterwards to march and relieve Ardres.

The next place Mareschal Turenne besieged was Mardike, ta­ken in twice eight and forty Hours by the English and French. Mardike ta­ken, and the Major-Ge­neral quar­tered there. After the taking whereof Major-General Morgan was setled there by the Order of the French King, and Oliver, with Two Thousand English, and One Thousand French, in order to the bleaguering Dunkirk the next Spring.

The rest of the English were quartered in Borborch. For the space of Four Months, there was hardly a Week wherein Ma­jor-General Morgan had not two or three Alarms by the Spanish Army: He answered to them all, and never went out of his Clothes all the Winter, except to change is Shirt.

[Page 3] The next Spring Mareschal Turenne beleaguered Dunkirk on the Newport-side,Dunkirk besieged by the French and Eng­lish. and Major-General Morgan on the Mardike-side, with his Six Thousand English, and a Brigade of French Horse: He made a Bridge over the Canal betwixt that and Ber­gen, that there might be Communication betwixt Mareschal Turenne's Camp and his. When Dunkirk was close invested, Mareschal Turenne sent a Summons to the Governour, the Mar­quess de Leda, a great Captain and brave Defender of a Siege; but the Summons being answered with Defiance, Mareschal Tu­renne immediately broke Ground, and carried on the Approaches on his side, whil'st the English did the same on theirs; and 'tis observable the English had two Miles to march every Day upon relieving their Approaches. In this manner the Approaches were carried on, both by the French and English, for the space of twelve Nights, when the Mareschal Turenne had intelligence, that the Prince of Conde, The Prince of Conde, &c. coming to relieve it with 30000 Men. the Duke of York, Don John of Au­stria, and the Prince de Ligny, were at the Head of Thirty Thousand Horse and Foot, with resolution to relieve Dun­kirk.

Immediately, upon this Intelligence, Mareschal Turenne, and several Noble-men of France went to the King and Cardinal at Mardike, acquainted his Eminence therewith, and desired his Majesty, and his Eminence the Cardinal, to withdraw their Persons into safety and leave their Orders: His Majesty an­swered, That he knew no better Place of Safety than at the Head of his Army; but said it was convenient the Cardinal should withdraw to Calis. Then Mareschal Turenne and the Noble-men made answer, They could not be satisfied, ex­cept his Majesty withdrew himself into safety; which was as­sented to.Upon which the King and Cardinal retire. And the King and Cardinal marching to Calis left open Orders with Mareschal Turenne, That if the Enemy came on, to give Battle or raise the Siege, as he should be advised by a Council of War.

The Enemy came on to Bruges, Mareschal Turenne calls a Counil of War with­out the English: and then Mareschal Turenne thought it high time to call a Council of War, which consist­ed of eight Noble-men, eight Lieutenant-Generals, and six Ma­reschals du Camp; but never sent to Embassadour Lockhart, or Major-General Morgan. The whole Sense of the Council of War was, That it was great danger to the Crown of France, [Page 4] to hazard a Battle in that streight Country,Where 'twas a­greed upon not to fight. full of Canals and Ditches of Water; and several Reasons being shewn to that purpose, it ran thorough the Council of War, to raise the Siege, if the Enemy came on. Within half an Hour after the Council of War was risen, Major-General Morgan had the Result of it in his Camp, and went immediately to Embassa­dour Lockhart, to know if he heard any thing of it: He said he heard nothing of it, and complained that he was much af­flicted with the Stone, Gravel, and some other Impediments. Major-General Morgan asked him to go with him the next Morning to the Head-Quarters: He said he would, if he were able.

Next Morning Mareschal Turenne sent a Noble-man to Em­bassadour Lockhart and Major-General Morgan, Maj. Gen. Morgan sent for to the second Council of War. to desire them to come to a second Council of War. Immediately therefore Embassadour Lockhart, and Major-General Morgan went with the Noble-man to Mareschal Turenne's Camp; and, by that time they came there the Council of War was ready to sit down in Mareschal Turenne's Tent.

Mareschal Turenne satisfied the Council of War, that he had forgot to send for Embassadour Lockhart, and Major-General Morgan to the first Council of War, and therefore thought sit to call this, that they might be satisfy'd; and then put the Question, Whether, if the Enemy came on, he should make good the Siege on Newport-side, and give them Battle; or raise the Siege? And required they should give their Rea­sons for either. The Mareschals du Camp ran away with it clearly to raise the Siege, alledging what Danger it was to the Crown of France, to hazard a Battle, within so streight a Country, full of Canals, and Ditches of Water; farther al­ledging, that if the Enemy came upon the Bank, they would cut between Mareschal Turenne's, and Major-General Mor­gan's Camps, and prevent their conjunction. Two of the Lieu­tenant-Generals ran along with the Mareschals du Camp, and shew'd the same Reasons: But Major-General Morgan, find­ing it was high time to speak, and that otherwise it would go round the Board, rose up, and desired, though out of course, that he might declare his mind, in opposition to what [...]he Mareschals du Camp, and the two Lieutenant-Generals, had declared. Mareschal Turenne told him he should have free­dom [Page 5] to speak his Thoughts. Then Major-General Morgan spoke, and said, That the Reasons the Marschals du Camp, and the two Lieutenant-Generals had given for raising the Seige, were no Rea­sons; for the Streightness of the Country was as good for the French and English as for the Enemy: And whereas they alledg'd, That if the Enemy came on the Bank between Turnes and Dunkirk,And per­suade them to Fight. they would cut between Mareschal Turenne's, and Major-General Morgan's Camps; Major-General Morgan, replied, It was impossible, for they could not March upon the Bank above eight a Breast; and farther he alledged, that Mareschal Turenne's Artillery and small Shot, would cut them off at Pleasure: He added, That that was not the way the Enemy could relieve Dunkirk, but that they would make a Bridge of Boats over the Chanel, in an hour and half, and cross their Army upon the Sands of Dunkirk, to offer Marschal Turenne battle.

Farther Major-General Morgan did allege, what a Dishonour it would be to the Crown of France, to have Summon'd the City of Dunkirk, and broke Ground before it, and then raise the Siege and run away; and he desired the Council of War would consider, that if they rais'd the Siege, the Alliance with England would be broken the same hour.

Mareschal Turenne answered, ‘That if he thought, the Enemy would offer that fair Game, he would maintain the Siege on New­port side, and Major-General Morgan should march, and make Con­junction with the French Army, and leave Mardike side open.’ Up­on Mareschal Turenne's Reply, Major-General Morgan did rise from the Board, and upon his Knees begg'd a Battle, and said, that he would venture the Six Thousand English, every Soul. Upon which Mareschel Turenne consulted the Noble-men that sat next him, and it was desired, that Major-General Morgan might walk a turn or two without the Tent, and he should be call'd immediately. After he had walked two turns, he was call'd in; as soon as he came in, Mareschal Turenne said, ‘That he had con­sidered his Reasons, and that himself and the Council of War re­solved to give Battle to the Enemy, if they came on; and to maintain the Siege on Newport side, and that Major-General Morgan was to make Conjunction with the French Army.’ Major-General Mor­gan then said, That with God's Assistance, we should be able to deal with them.

The very next Day at four in the Afternoon the Spanish Army [Page 6] had made a Bridge of Boats, crossed their Army on the Sands of Dunkirk, and drew up into Battalia, within two Miles of Mares­chal Turenne's Lines, before he knew any thing of them. Imme­diately all the French Horse drew out to face the Enemy at a Mile's distance, and Mareschal Turenne sent immediate Orders to Major-General Morgan, to March into his Camp, with the six Thousand English, and the French Brigade of Horse; which was done accordingly.

The next day about eight of the Clock, Mareschal Turenne gave Orders to break Avenues on both the Lines, that the Army might March out in Battalia. Major-General Morgan set his Sol­diers to break Avenues for their marching out in Battalia like­wise. Several Officers being with him as he was looking on his Soldiers at work, Embassadour Lockhart comes up with a white Cap on his Head, and said to Major-General Morgan, You see what Condition I am in, I am not able to give you any Assistance this day, you are the older Soldier, and the greatest part of the Work of this day, must lie upon your Soldiers. Upon which the Officers smiled, and so he bid God be with us, and went away with the Lieutenant General of the Horse that was upon our left Wing; from which time we never saw him till we were in pursuit of the Enemy. When the Avenues were cleared, both the French and English Army marched out of the Lines towards the Enemy. We were forced to march up in four Lines, (for we had not room enough to Wing, for the Canal between Furnes and Dunkirk, and the Sea) till we had marched above half a mile; then we came to a Halt on rising Hills of Sand, and having more room took in two of our Lines.

Major-General Morgan seeing the Enemy plain in Battalia, said before the Head of the Army, See yonder are the Gentlemen you have to trade withal. Upon which the whole Brigade of English gave a Shout of Rejoycing, that made a roaring Eccho betwixt the Sea and the Canal. Thereupon the Mareschal Turenne came up with above a hundred Noble-men, to know what was the matter and reason of that great Shout. Major General Morgan told him, 'Twas an usual Custom of the Redcoats, when they saw the Enemy, to Re­joyce.

Mareschal Turenne answer'd, They were Men of brave Resolution and Courage. After which Mareschal Turenne returning to the Head of his Army, we put on to our March again. At the second Halt, [Page 7] the whole Brigade of English gave a Shout and cast up their Caps into the Air, saying, They would have better Hats before Night. Mareschal Turenne upon that Shout, came up again, with several Noble-men and Officers of the Army, admiring the Resolution of the English, at which time we were within three quarters of a Mile of the Enemy in Battalia. Mareschal Turenne desired Major-General Morgan, that at the next halt, he would keep even front with the French, for says he, I do intend to halt at some distance, that we may see how the Enemy is drawn up, and take our Advantage accordingly. Major-General Morgan demanded of his Excellency, Whether he would Shock the whole Army at one dash, or try one Wing first? Mareschal Turenne's Reply was, That as to that Question, he could not resolve him yet, till he came nearer the Enemy. Major-General Morgan desired the Mereschal, not to let him Lan­guish for Orders, saying, That oftentimes Opportunities are often lost for want of Orders in due time. Mareschal Turenne said, he would either come himself and give Orders, or send a Lieutenant-General; and so Mareschal Turenne parted, and went to the Head of his Ar­my. In the mean time Major-General Morgan gave Orders to the Colonels, and Leading-Officers, to have a special Care, that when the French came to a halt, they keep even front with them; and farther told them, if they could not observe the French, they should take Notice when he lifted up his Hat (for he march­ed still above threescore before the Center of the Bodies): But when the French came to halt, it so happened, that the English pressed upon their Leading-Officers, so that they came up under the Shot of the Enemies: But when they saw that Major-General Morgan was in a Passion, they put themselves to a stand. Major-General Morgan could soon have remedied their Forwardness, but he was resolved he would not lose one Foot of Ground he had advanced, but would hold it as long as he could. We were so near the Enemy, the Soldiers fell into great Friendship, one asking, is such an Officer in your Army; another, is such a Soldier in yours; and this passed on both sides. Major-General Morgan endured this Friendship for a little while, and then came up to the Center of the Bodies, and demanded, How long that Friendship would continue; and told them farther, that for any thing they knew, they would be cutting one anothers Throats, within a minute of an hour. The whole Brigade answered, Their Friend­ship should continue no longer than he pleased. Then Major-General [Page 8] Morgan bid then tell the Enemy, No more Friendship; Prepare your Buff-coats and Scarfs, for we will be with you sooner then you expect us. Immediately after the Friendship was broke, the Enemy poured a volley of Shot into one of our Battalions, wounded three or four, and one drop'd. The Major-General immediately sent the Adjutant-General to Mareschal Turenne, for Orders, whether he should charge the Enemies right Wing, or whether Mareschal Turenne would engage the Enemies Left-wing, and advised the Adjutant-Gene­ral not to stay, but to acquaint Mareschal Turenne, that we were under the Enemies Shot, and had received some Prejudice alrea­dy; but there was no return of the Adjutant-General, nor Or­ders. By and by the Enemy poured in another volley of Shot, into another of our Battalions, and wounded two or three. Major-General Morgan observing the Enemy mending Faults, and opening the Intervals of the Foot, to bring Horse in, which would have made our Work more difficult, called all the Collonels and Officers of the Field together, before the Center of the Bo­dies, and told them, he had sent the Adjutant-General for Orders, but when he saw there was no hope of Orders, he told them if they would concurr with him, he would immediately charge the Enemies right Wing: Their answer was, They were ready whenever he gave Or­ders. He told them, he would try the right Wing with the Blew Regiment, and the four hundred Fire-locks, which were in the Interval of the French Horse; and wished all the Field-Officers to be ready at their several Posts. Major-General Morgan gave Orders, that the other five Regiments, should not move from their Ground, ex­cept they saw the Blew Regiment, the White, and the four Hun­dred Fire-locks, shock'd the Enemies Right Wing off, of their Ground, and farther show'd the several Colonels, what Colours they were to charge, and told them moreover, That if he was not knock'd on the Head, he would come to them. In like manner as fast as he could, he admonished the whole Brigade, and told them, They were to look in the Face of an Enemy who had violated, and endeavoured to take away their Reputation, and that they had no other way, but to Fight it out to the last man, or to be killed, taken Prisoner, or Drowned; and farther, that the Honour of England did depend much upon their Gallantry and Resolution that Day.

The Enemies Wing was posted on a Sandy Hill,The Battle of Dun­kirk. and had cast the Sand Breast high before them: Then Major-General Morgan, did order the Blew Regiment and the four Hundred Fire-locks, [Page 9] to advance to the Charge. In the mean time Major-General Morgan, knowing the Enemy would all bend upon them that did advance, removed the White Regiment more to the Right, that it might be in the Flank of them, by that time the Blew Regiment was got within push of Pike.

His Royal Highness the Duke of York, with a select Party of Horse, had got into the Blew Regiment, by that time the White came in, and exposed his Person to great Danger: But we knew no body at that time. Immediately the Enemy were clear shock'd off of their Ground, and the English Colours flying over their Heads, the strongest Officers and Soldiers Clubbing them down. Major-General Morgan, when he saw his opportunity, stept to the other five Regiments which were within six Score of him, and ordered them to advance, and charge immediately: But when they came within ten Pikes length, the Enemy perceiving they were not able to endure our Charge,The Span­ish fly. Shak'd their Hats, held up their Handkercheifs, and called for Quarter; but the Redcoats cry'd aloud, they had no leisure for Quarter. Whereupon the Enemy fac'd about, and would not endure our Charge, but fell to run, ha­ving the English Colours over ther Heads, and the strongest Sol­diers and Officers Clubbing them down, so that the six Thou­sand English carried Ten or Twelve Thousand Horse and Foot before them. The French Army was about Musquet-shot in the Rear of us, where they came to halt, and never moved off of their Ground. The rest of the Spanish Army, seeing the Right Wing carried away, and the English Colours flying over their Heads, wheeled about in as good Order as they could, so that we had the whole Spanish Army before us: and Major-General Morgan called out to the Colonels, To the right as much as you can, that so we might have all the Enemy's Army under the English Colours. The Six Thousand English carried all the Spanish Army, as far as Westminster-Abby to Paul's Church-yard, before ever a French-man came in, on either Wing of us; but then at last we could perceive the French Horse come powdring on each Wing, with much Gallantry, but they never struck one stroke, only carried Prisoners back to the Camp. Neither did we ever see the Embas­sadour Lockart, till we were in pursute of the Enemy, and then we could see him amongst us very brisk, without his white Cap on his Head, and neither troubled with Gravel or Stone. When we were at the end of the pursute, Mareschal Turenne, and [Page 10] above a Hundred Officers of the Army came up to us, quitted their Horses, embrac'd the Officers, and said, They never saw a more Glorious Action in their Lives, and that they were so transported with the Sight of it, that they had no Power to move, or to do any thing. And this high Complement we had for our Pains. In a word, the French Army did not strike one Stroke in the Battle of Dun­kirk, only the Six Thousand English. After we had done pur­suing the Enemy, Major-General Morgan, rallied his Forces, and marched over the Sands where he had shock'd them at first, to see what Slaughter there was made. But Embassadour Lockhart went into the Camp as fast as he could, to write his Letters for England, of what great Service he had done, which was just nothing. Mareschal Turenne, and Major-General Morgan, brought the Armies close to invest Dunkirk again, and to carry on the Approaches. The Marquis de Leida happened to be in the Coun­terscarp, and received an accidental Shot, whereof he died; and the whole Garrison, being discouraged at his Death, came to Capitulate in few Days;Dunkirk taken. so the Town was surrendred, and Embassadour Lockhart march'd into it with two Regiments of Eng­lish for a Garrison; but Major-General Morgan kept the Field, with Mareschal Turenne, with his other four Regiments of English.

The next Seige was Bergen St. Winock, six Miles from Dunkirk, which Mareschal Turenne beleaguer'd with the French Army, and the four Regiments of English, and in four or five Days Siege, Bergen St. Winock was taken upon Capitulation. Mareschal Tu­renne did rest the Army for two Days after, and then resolv'd to march through the Heart of Flanders, and take what Towns he could that Campagn.

The next Town we took was Furnes, several Towns taken. the next Menin, after that Oudenard; and, in a word, eight Towns, besides Dunkirk, and Ipres; for so soon as the Redcoats came near the Counter­scarp, there was nothing but a Capitulation, and a Surrender presently: All the Towns we took, were Towns of Strength.

The last Siege we made, was before the City of Ipres, where the Prince de Ligny had cast himself in before,The Siege of Ipres. for the Defence of that City, with two Thousand five hundred Horse and Dra­goons: Besides there were in the City, four Thousand Burghers, all proper young Men under their Arms, so that the Garrison, did consist of six Thousand five Hundred Men. Mareschal Turenne sent in a Summons, which was answered with a Defiance: Then [Page 11] Mareschal Turenne broke Ground, and carried on two Approach­es towards the Counterscarp: Major-General Morgan went into the Approaches every Night, for fear of any Miscarriage by the English, and came out of the Approaches every Morning at Sun­rising to take his Rest, for then the Soldiers had done Working. The fourth Morning, Major-General Morgan went to take his Rest in his Tent, but within half an hour afterwards Mareschal Turenne sent a Nobleman to him, to desire him to come to speak with him; when the Major-General came, there were above a Hundred Noblemen and Officers of the Army walking about his Tent. And his Gentlemen had deck'd a Room for his Ex­cellency with his Sumpter-cloaths, in which homely Place there were about twenty Officers of the Army with him; but as soon as Major-General Morgan came, Mareschal Turenne desired all of them to retire, for he had something to Communicate to the Major-General. The Room was immediately cleared, and Mares­chal Turenne turn'd the Gentlemen of his Chamber out, and shut the Door himself. When this was done, he desired the Major-General to sit down by him, and the first News that he spake of, was that he had certain Intelligence, that the Prince of Conde, and Don Juan of Austria, Don Juan of Austria coming to relieve it. were at the Head of eleven Thousand Horse, and four Thousand Foot, within three Leagues of his Camp, and resolv'd to break through one of our Quarters, to Relieve the City of Ipres, and therefore he desired Major-Meneral Morgan, to have all the English under their Arms every Night at Sun-set, and the French Army should be so likewise. Major-Gene­ral Morgan reply'd, and said, That the Prince of Conde, and Don Juan of Austria were great Captains, and that they might dodge with Mareschal Turenne to fatigate his Army: The Major-General farther said, That if he did keep the Army three Nights to that hard Shift, they would not care who did knock them on the Head. Mareschal Turenne reply'd, We must do it, and surmount all Difficulty. The Major-General desired to know of his Excellency, whether he was certain the Enemy was so near him; he answered, He had two Spies came just from them. Then Major-General Morgan told him, his Condition was somewhat desperate, and said, that a desperate Disease must have a desperate Cure. His Excellency ask'd, what he meant; Major-General Morgan did offer him, to attempt the Counterscarp upon an Assault, and so put all things out of doubt, with Expedition. The Major-General had no sooner said [Page 12] this, but Mareschal Turenne joyn'd his Hands, and look'd up through the Boards towards the Heavens, and said, Did ever my Master, the King of France, or the King of Spain, attempt a Counterscarp upon an Assault, where there were three Half-moons co­vered with Cannon, and the Ramparts of the Towns playing point blank into the Counterscarp: farther he said, What will the King my Master think of me, if I expose his Army to these Hazards? and he rose up, and fell into a Passion, stamping with his Feet, and shaking his Locks, and grinning with his Teeth, he said, Major-General Morgan had made him Mad. But by degrees he cool'd, and asked the Major-General, whether he would stay to Dinner with him: But the Major-General begg'd his Pardon, for he had appointed some of the Officers to Eat a piece of Beef at his Tent that Day. His Excellency ask'd him, if he would meet him at two of the Clock, at the oppening of the Approaches? The Major-General said he would be Punctual; but desired he would bring none of his Train with him (for it was usually a hundred No­blemen with their Feathers and Ribbands) because if he did, he would have no Opportunity to take a View of the Counterscarp; for the Enemy would discover them, and Fire uncessantly. His Excellency said he would bring none, but two or three of the Leiutenant-Generals. Major-General Morgan was at the place ap­pointed, a quarter of an hour before his Excellency, and then his Excellency came, with eight Noblemen, and three Leiutenant-Generals, and took a place to view the Counterscarp: After he had look'd a considerable time upon it, he turned about, and look'd upon the Noblemen and Lieutenant-Generals, and said, I don't know what to say to you, here is Major-General Morgan has put me out of my Wits, for he would have me attempt yonder Counter­scarp upon an Assault. None of the Noblemen or Lieutenants made any Reply to him, but Count Schomberg, saying, My Lord, I think Major-General Morgan would offer nothing to your Lord­ship but what he thinks feasible, and he knows he has good fighting Men. Upon this Mareschal Turenne ask'd Major-General Morgan, how many English he would venture. The Major-General said, that he would venture six Hundred common Men, besides Officers, and fifty Pioneers. Mareschal Turenne said, that six Hundred of Mounsieur la Farty's Army and fifty Pioneers, and six Hundred of his own Army and fifty Pioneers more, would make better then two Thousand Men: Major-General Morgan reply'd, [Page 13] They were abundance to carry it with God's Assistance. Then his Excellence said, he would acquaint the King and his Eminence, that Major-General Morgan had put him upon that desperate Design; Major-General Morgan desired his Pardon, for it was in his Pow­er to attempt it, or not to attempt it: But in the close, Mares­chal Turenne said to the Major-General, that he must fall into Monsieur la Ferte's Approaches, and that he should take the one half of Monsieur la Ferte's Men, and that he would take the other half into his own Approaches. Major-General Morgan begg'd his Pardon, and said he desired to fall on with the English entire by themselves, without intermingling them. Mareschal Turenne reply'd, he must fall on, cut of one of the Approaches: The Major-General reply'd, that he would fall on in the Plain be­tween both Approaches. His Excellency said, that he would never be able to endure their Firing, but that they would kill half his Men before he could come to the Counterscarp; the Major-General said, that he had an Invention that the Enemy should not percieve him, till he had his Hands upon the Stocka­does. Next his Excellency said, for the Signal, there shall be a Captain of Monsieur la Ferte's with twenty Firelocks, shall leap upon the Point, and cry, Sa sa vive le Roy de France; and upon that noise, all were to fall on together. But Major-General Morgan oppos'd that Signal, saying, the Enemy would thereby be allarm'd, and then he should hardly endure their Firing. His Excellency reply'd then, that he would give no Signal at all, but the Major-General should give it, and he would not be persuaded otherwise. Then the Major-General desired his Excellency, that he would give order to them in the Approaches, to keep them­selves in readiness against Sunset, for at the shutting of the Night he would fall on: he likewise desired his Excellency that he would Order a Major out of his own Approaches, and another out of Mons. la Ferte's Approaches to stand by him, and when he should be ready to fall on, he would dispatch the two Majors into each of the Approaches, that they might be ready to leap out, when the Major-General passed between the two Approaches, with the commanded English. Just at Sunset Mareschal Turenne come him­self, and told the Major-General, he might fall on when he saw his own time. The Major-General reply'd, he would fall on just at the setting of the Night, and when the dusk of the Even­ing came on. The Major-General made the English stand to their [Page 14] Arms, and divided them into Bodies; a Captain at the Head of the Pioneers, and the Major-General and a Collonel, at the Head of the two Battallions; he ordered the two Battallions, and the Pioneers, each Man to take up a long Fascine upon their Musquets and Pikes, and then they were three small Groves of Wood. Im­mediately the Major-General commanded the two Majors to go to their Approaches, and that they should leap out, so soon as they should see the Major-General march between their Approach­es. The Major-General did order the two Battallions, that when they came within threescore of the Stockadoes, to slip their Fas­cines, and fall on. But so it happened, that the French never mo­ved out of their Approaches,The Storming of Ipre. till such time as M. G. Morgan had overpowered the Enemy. When the Pioneers came within sight of the Stockadoes, they slipp'd the Fascines down and fell on; the Ma­jor-General, and the other two Battallions were close to them, and when the Soldiers began to lay their Hands on the Stocka­does, they tore them down for the length of sixscore, and leap'd Pell-mell into the Counterscarp amongst the Enemy; abundance of the Enemy were drown'd in the Moat,The Coun­terscarp taken by the Eng­lish. and many taken Priso­ners, with two German Princes, and the Counterscarp clear'd; the French were in their Approaches all this time: then the Eng­lish fell on upon the half-Moons, and immediately the Redcoats were on the top of them, throwing the Enemy into the Moat, and turning the Cannon upon the Town, thus the two half-Moons were speedily taken: after the Manning of the half-Moons he did rally all the English, with intention to lodge them upon the Counterscarp, that he might be free of the Enemies Shot the next Morning; and they left the other half-Moon for Mareschal Turenne's Party, which was even before their Approaches.

Then the French fell on upon the other half-Moon,The French re­puls'd. but were beaten off. The Major-General considered, that that half-Moon would gall him in the day-time, and therefore did speak to the Officers and Soldiers, that it was best to give them a little help; the Redcoats cry'd, Shall we fall on in Order, or Happy-go-lucky? The Major-General said, In the Name of God, at it Happy-go-lucky; and immediately the Redcoats fell on, and were on the top of it, knocking the Enemy down, and casting them into the Moat. When this Work was done, the Major-General lodg'd the Eng­lish on the Counterscarp; they were no sooner lodg'd, but Ma­reschal Turenne scrambled over the Ditches, to find out the Major-General, [Page 15] and when he met with him, he was much troubled the French did no better, for indeed they did just nothing: Then his Excellency ask'd the Major-General, to go to his Approaches to Refresh himself, but the Major-General begg'd his Pardon, and said, he would not stir from his Post, till he heard a Drum beat a Par­ley, and saw a white Flag over the Walls. Upon that Mareschal Tu­renne laught and smil'd, and said, they would not be at that pass in six Days, and then went to his Approaches, and sent the Major-General three or four dozen bottles of rare Wine, with seve­ral dishes of cold Meats,The Town beat a Par­ley. and Sweet-meats. Within two hours af­ter Sun-rising, a Drum beat a Parley, and a white Flat was seen over the Walls. The Major-General ordered a Lieutenant with a file of Musquetiers, to go and receive the Drummer, and to Blindfold him, and carry him streight to Mareschal Turenne in his Approaches. Mareschal Turenne came immediately with the Drummer's Message to the Major-Teneral, and was much trou­bled he would not receive the Message before it came to him. The Major-General reply'd, that that was very improper, his Excel­lency being upon the place. The Message was to this effect, That whereas his Excellency had offered them honourable Terms in his Sum­mons, they were now willing to accept of them, provided they might have their Charter, and the Priviledges of the City preserved: That they had appointed four of their Commissioners, to treat farther with four Commissioners from his Excellency. Mareschal Turenne was pleas'd to ask the Major-General, whether he would be one of the Commissioners, but the Major-General begg'd his Pardon, and desired that he might abide at his Post, till such time as the City was Surrendered up. Immediately then his Excellency sent for Count Schomberg, and three other Commissioners, and gave them Instructions how to treat with the four Commissioners from the Enemy. Just as Mareschal Turenne was giving the Commissioners Instructions, Major-General Morgan said, that the Enemy were Hungry, so that they would eat any Meat they could have; whereup­on his Excellency smil'd, and shortn'd their Instructions, and sent them away. Within half an hour, the Commissioners had concluded, that they Should have their City Charter preserv'd, and that they were to receive a French Garrison in, The Con­ditions. and the Prince de Ligny was to march out with all his Forces next Morning at nine of the Clock, with one Piece of Cannon, Colours Flying, Bullet in Mouth, and Match Lighted at both ends, and to have a Convoy to Conduct him into his own [Page 16] Territories. Mareschal Turenne was in the Morning betimes with several Noblemen and Officers of the Army, and Major-General Morgan attending near the Gate, for the Prince de Ligny's com­ing out. The Prince having Notice that Mareschal Turenne was there, came out of his Coach. Mareschal Turenne being alighted off from his Horse, and Major-General Morgan, at both their meeting there was a great Acclamation, and Embracing one another. After a little time, Mareschal Turenne told the Prince, he very much admired that he would expose his Person to a Garrison before a Conquering Army: The Prince de Ligny re­ply'd, that if Mareschal Turenne had left his English in England, he durst have expos'd his Person into the weakest Garrison, the King of Spain had in Flanders;The Town delivered. and so they parted, and his Excellency march'd into the Town with a French Garrison, and the Major-General with him. So soon as the Garrison was settled, Mareschal Turenne writ his Letters to the French King, and his Eminence the Cardinal, how that the City of Ipres was reduc'd to the Obedience of his Majesty, and that he was possess'd of it, and that Major-General Morgan was Instrumental in that Service, and that the English did wonders, and sent the Intendant of the Ar­my with his Letters to the King and Cardinal. Monsieur Tallon the Intendant return'd back from the King and Cardinal to the Army within eight Days, and brought a Complement to Major-General Morgan, that the King and his Eminence the Car­dinal did expect to see him at Paris, when he came to his Winter-Quarters, where there would be a Cupboard of Plate to attend him. Major-General Morgan, instead of going for his Cup­board of Plate, went for England, and his Majesty of France had never the Kindness to send him his Cupboard of Plate: So that this is the Reward that Major-General Morgan hath had from the French King for all his Service in France and Flanders.

Kill'd at the Battle of Dunkirk,

Lieutenant-Collonel Fenwick, two Captains, one Lieutenant, two Ensigns, two Sergeants, thirty two Soldiers; and about twenty wounded.

Kill'd at the Storming of Ipres,

One Captain, one Sergeant, eight private Soldiers, about twen­ty five Officers, of thirty five; and about six Soldiers slightly wounded, after they were lodg'd upon the Counterscarp. Sir Tho­mas Morgan himself slightly hurt, by a Shot in the calf of his Leg.

The END.

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