THE TRYAL AND CONDEMNATION OF JOHN GILES, That Notorious Ruffian, For that he, in the Company of two more, fell upon, and Grievously Wounded John Arnold Esq OF Monmouth-Shire, One of His Majesties Justices of the Assizes, in a place called Jackanapes-Lane, between Bell-Yard and Chancery-Lane, near Temple-Bar, on the 15th of April last past: With several Remarkable Cir­cumstances appertaining thereunto; the like Cruelty not happening in any Age. This being a Warning to all Protestants, to beware of Bloody Papists for the future, &c.

THe Tryal of John Giles being put off on Thursday last, by reason of his not having, as he pleaded, his Witnesses in readiness, for want of timely Notice, was brought on this Wednesday, being the 14th of this instant July, 1680. After the Jury was Sworn the Indictment was read, being in Words to this effect, That the Prisoner John Giles, of the Parish of St. Dunstans in the West, did on the 15th of April last past, set upon, and grievously wound, John Arnold Esq one of His Majesties Justices of the Peace for the County of Monmouth; and that he, with the rest of his Accomplices and Abettors; did endeavour to take a­way the Life of John Arnold Esq &c. After which Mr. Arnold was sworn, and [Page 2] upon his Oath did averre, that he having a matter of Debate between himself and one Mr. Harbert, that was to be tryed before His Majesties Honourable Privy Council, he came up out of Monmouth Shire to attend the same, and being arrived at London, took him a Chamber; and that he being out some­what late on the 15th of April, about his Occasion, was coming through Bell-yard near Temple-Bar, where he observed two Men in Gray Camblet Cloaks to follow him, and by the glimpse of a Candle that was brought out of a House, observed the Prisoner to be one of them; they came out Laughing▪ till they came near to Jackanapes-lane, where one of them step­ping before him, the other cast his Cloak over his Head, and forcing him, Vt & Armis, about Six or Seven yards into the said Lane, gave him three or four Blows so hard that stunned him; so that he falling down, they barba­rously fell upon him, one of them pressing his Breast with his Knee, whilst another run him into the Thigh near the Belly with a Rapier, the which made him sensible of what they intended; so that whilest he endeavoured what he could to save himself and secure his Life from the Murderous Ruf­fians, they wounded him in two places upon the Left Arm; two Wounds he received upon his Brest, and one in his Belly, that slaunted through the Fleshy part about Five or Six Inches; but they finding that their Swords would not penetrate deep into his Brest, by reason of a Whale-bone pair of Bodice Quilted, that he privately wore; they cryed, Dam him, Rot him, he has got Armour on, Cut his Throat. Upon which one of them, supposed to be the Prisoner, pulled out a Knife, and endeavored to cut his Throat, the which he defended with his Hands to the utmost of his power; so that through the Mercy of God they had not their Will there; but notwithstanding, they Cut and Mangled his Face after a most Barbarous Manner; and so eager were they to act then Hellish Mischief, that one of them run his fellow Villain into the Leg for haste, the which he understood, by hearing him say, Dam ye, you have spoiled my Leg, or words to that effect; but as Providence would have it, before they could accomplish their Ends, a Linkman com­ing out of a certain Door frighted them; so that leaving him for dead, they put up their Swords, saying, Now pray for the Soul of Captain Evans, which Evans was a Popish Priest, who had been lately Executed at Monmonth, and so departed, Laughing aloud, at the dire Mischief they had done. Mr. Ar­nold being asked what particular Marks he knew the Prisoner by, he said, That he knew him not only by his Visage, but by his Voice; and that when he was Apprehended, he picked him out from amongst several others, af­firming then that he was the Man, &c. Mr. Walter Moore, and Mr. Stephen Phillips being Sworn, gave Evidence, That he being in Company with John Giles the Prisoner, an Argument was rais'd by some of the Company about the Plot, which Giles undertook to vindicate, saying, There was no Plot; and that they were Rogues and Thieves that did affirm there was any, and that if any of the Popish Lords should Suffer, it would bring a Bloodier War upon the Nation than has been known these many Hundred Years: And go­ing on yet further, to the Business of Mr. Arnold, some of the Company was speaking what a Base and Barbarous Attempt was made upon him, as they supposed, by some of the Popish Party; Giles reply'd, Dam him, Rot him, they say he had Armour on, or more positively, that he had Armour on; which being but the next day after the Assassination, no such thing was then publiquely known, &c.

It was further Sworn against him by Mr. William Richmond, That a lit­tle before this Barbarous Act was done, they being together in St. Martins [Page 3] Lane, Giles asked him, if he knew where he might buy a good strong Ra­pier? And that they having walked about that Evening to several places between Eight and Nine of the Clock came home to their Lodging, which was at the Kings Arms in Drury-lane, where Richmond going up to his Chamber, left Giles a Smoaking by the Fire-side, and as he was informed, about Nine, or somewhat past, he was called out by some unknown Person, which was a little before the Mischief Acted, and that he did not come to Bed that Night till about One of the Clock; he being in the Chamber about Twelve, and seeing the Maid of the House making the Bed, asked her, Who she made a Bed for so late, to which she reply'd, For a Gentleman that was below, who would needs lie by himself; and that Giles as he went by his Chamber Door to Bed, called to him and bid him Good Night, &c.

It was further Sworn by George Richmond, that Giles coming down to Mon­mouth-Shire, he was asked for some Horse-hair which he had promised, to make fishing-lines; to which he replied, that he had left a great deal at a Farriers in Glocester, but that he durst not stay to call for it, for fear of being pursued, up­on the Account of Mr. Arnold; and that having broke his Sword,, he brought it to one Peter Darceys a Sword-Cutler in Ʋskley a place in Monmouth-Shire, to be mended; who upon sight of it, said, How now Giles, What hast thou been fight­ing with the Devil? To whom he replied, as being confident of him, knowing him to be a Papist: No not with the Devil, but with damn'd Arnold; where­upon his Wife jogged him, bidding him have a care what he spoke, lest he was over-heard; the Witness before-mentioned and the Cutlers-boy, being then in the Shop, this being about the seventh of May last past.

These being the most material Points of Evidence for the King, his Council stood up and made his Apology to the Court, saying, That if he thought the Prisoner was Guilty of the base and barbarous Crime of which he stood charged, he would not open his mouth in the Cause; but that if his Breviates were true, by which he was to Plead in the Prisoners behalf, he doubted not but that he yet might be proved Innocent: Upon which the Witnesses for the Prisoner were called, being for the most part Welsh-People; Morgan Gibbeon, John Champion, Elizabeth Edmut: swore that they or some of them were continu­ally in his company that Evening the Fact was committed, till the time he went to Bed, the which was about 10 of the Clock as some Affirm, others Eleven; so that they confounded themselves about the particular time, and often swore backwards and forwards; especially upon any cross Question that was asked them by the Court.

Roger How upon Examination, If he knew where Giles was about 10 of the Clock that Evening the Fact was done? Attested that he was sitting by the Kitchin Fire smoaking Tobacco, and that he saw him about half an hour past Ten go up to bed: When as Ann Bibby another of his Witnesses, swore, That she saw him by the said Fire near Twelve of the Clock, and that he did not go to Bed till about Twelve. Such Contradictions had they amongst them­selves, by reason they had not compared Notes to the purpose, in so Villainous and base a Vindication. The Maid of the House where he lodged, being sworn, was asked by the Court, What time she made the Prisoners Bed? Who differing from the rest, answered about 9, and that he then went to Bed, being positive as she said of it, till William Richmond, who was in the Chamber with her, recollected her Memory by several Tokens, that it was about one of the Clock: A long time she denied that he was there, and that she saw him not to her knowledge all that Night, standing obstinate in the same▪ till by a Love Intreague that passed between them, her Equivocation left her, and she ac­knowledged [Page 4] what has been before recited. Next Walter Powel, the Sword-Cutlers Apprentice, was called to Attest what was said by Giles in his Masters Shop; who upon Oath Attested that Giles was in the Shop, and that his Ma­ster did ask him, Whether he had been fighting with the Devil or not? To which he replyed, No, no, with the Devil Arnold: which Equivocation was looked upon as an Evasion which the Youth had been taught in the behalf of the Prisoner.

Anne Bibby and several others were Examined, but their Testimonies were so inconsiderate, that they rather injured the Prisoner than furthered his Cause one Point. Further material for Mr. Arnold was it, that Giles had reported, that Mr. Arnold, or some of his Acquaintance or Friends, had done the Cruelty, on purpose to cast it upon the Catholiques, thereby to revive the Plot and raise a Persecution upon them: This he said he believed, because Mr. Arnold was ac­cording to his, the Duty of his Office, very zealous for putting the Laws in Execution against Recusants, &c.

After all the Witnesses were Examined by the Court, and the Jury their Charges, repeating over, for the better refreshment of their Memories, the brief or sum of what had been Sworn on both sides; and laying open to them the Heinous­ness of the Fact, how it concerned not onely Mr. Arnold in private, but the whole Magistracy of the Nation; and that although it was only an In­dictment of Trespass, yet it was of so high a Nature, that it deserved the severest Punishment the Law could inflict: upon which the Jury going out, brought him in, after about half an hours Debate, guilty of the said Trespass. Upon which the Court thought fit to defer Judgement till the Saturday fol­lowing, on which day the Court being set, Giles was brought to the Bar, and received this Sentence, That he should stand in the Pillory, and pay to the King Five hundred Pounds Fine, and afterwards give Security for Warrant of his good Behaviour, during his Life time. &c.



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