Sacred Geographie. OR Scriptural Mapps.

  • 1. Of all the Earth, and Water, at the Creation.
  • 2. Of Paradice, and the Countries circumjacent, Inhabited by the Patriarks.
  • 3. Israels forty Years Perigrination through the Wilderness.
  • 4. Canaan, or the Land of Promise.
  • 5. The Travels of S. Paul, and other the Apostles.
  • 6. Jerusalem, as it stood in our Saviours Time.

Collected both from Sacred and Prophane Authority, by Learned Persons selected thereunto by the National Congregation of Dutch Devines, for the more profitable reading of the Old and New Testament. And to be bound up with Bibles.

Translated into English, By Joseph Moxon, Hydrographer to the Kings most Excellent Majesty.

London. Printed by Joseph Moxon, and sold at his Shop on Ludgate hill, at the signe of Atlas. 1671.

Translated into English by J. Moxon, Hydrographer to the Kings most Excellent Majesty.

London, Printed and Sold by James Moxon, at the Signe of Atlas in Warick-Lane, 1691.

[...]

To the Reverend and Right Worshipful, PETER MEW, D. D. Vice Chancellour of OXFORD. And To the Reverend and Right Worshipful JOHN BRETON, D. D. Vice Chanc. of CAMBRIDGE.
And to the rest of the Reverend and Learned Collegiates of these two famous Vniversities.

Reverend and Learned SIRS.

I May justly expect that by your Approbation or Censure the Reputation of these Scriptural Mapps must stand or fall: And therefore, being by my own Examinations of them prompted to hope well from You, I offer them to your perusals.

[Page] The Originals of these had their Original from an Assembly of Dutch Ministers, who selected from among themselves two such Persons as they thought apt and able to correct all the foregoing Authours that have set forth Mapps of the like na­ture: viz. Ortelius, Christiaen Adrichom, Arnold and Nicholas Geilkerck, &c. which being finisht they exposed to Publick view: designing thereby the more profitable and pleasant reading of the Holy Scriptures. Among other Specu­lators their Work fell under my Ey: but it was all in the Dutch Tongue, and scarce to be understood but by those that understood it: Wherefore I judging it as profitable and pleasant for us as them, took both the task of Translation upon my self, and the Charge of Engraving and Printing the Plates and Book.

[Page] If therefore by your good Readings any of you find faults in any of these Mapps, and let me know where they be, I shall be both thank fal to you, and carefull to get the Plates corrected and amended against the next Impression.

Reverend and Learned Sirs, I wish this Peece as ca­pable as I am willing to serve ye.
Joseph Moxon.

To the READER.

HEre is offered thee for s [...]al price the product of much Study, and great Pairs. The Dutch Protestant Mi­nistery thought it a Work very necessary for Prote­stants that may read the Bible, to bind up with them, a [...]d therefore exposed these Mapps in their Vulgar Language, together with Explanations on each particular Mapp: And I for the same Reasons render you the same Mapps in the English Tongue, with apt Explanations on each of them.

I have examined every word in each Mapp particularly, and altered their spelling the names of Citties and Towns &c. to the spelling of our English Bibles, and Geographical Tables: and in some few Cases (where I saw positive Reason for it from the Bible) corrected the scituation of Places.

In this Book of Explanations Mr Butle [...] (the Authour of Chri­stologi) hath in a great measure assisted me: The rest I tran­slated from its Original in the Dutch, all but some alterati­ons I thought fit to make here and there.

[Page] [Page] I have also examined all the proofs of Scripture relative to this Discourse; which (I suppose by oft re-printing of later Impressions from former) were become exceeding falsly ci­ted. But I have corrected them.

I confess some grave Eys or tender sighted Persons may wish the Letters in some of these Mapps had been bigger, which in regard of the fulness of those Mapps could not be: But if such Persons will use a Magnifying Glasse of smal price, they shall find the smalest letters appear large enough.

I chose this Volume for this little Book, that it might more conveniently ly open on the Maps while you are per­using them, to avoid the trouble of turning them to and fro.

Where you find any Literal faults have escaped either in Engraving the Mapps, or Printing this Book, Pray mend them with your Pen, and consider how difficult it is to do any thing of this nature without some fault. Farewell.

Joseph Moxon.

An Explanatory Discourse upon the Mapp of all the EARTH.
Shewing the Scituation of all the following Mapps in respect of the whole: And also how it was since the Flood devided and inhabited by the Posterity of Noah.

THE Eternal and Almighty God having on the first Day created the Heavens, the Earth, and the Light, by his Word, out of nothing; On the second Day the Firmament, and the Waters above and beneath the same; On the third Day parted the Dry Land from the Waters, and created Grass, Herbs, and fruitful Trees; On the fourth the Sun, Moon, and Stars; On the fifth the Fi­shes great and smal, and the Fowls of the Air; On the sixth the Beasts of the Earth; At last he created Man and Woman in his own likeness; giving him power over the Fish of the Sea, the Fowls of the Air, and the Beasts of the Earth, and every creep­ing [Page 2] thing, and blessed him, placing him in Paradice, and promising him upon his obe­dience eternal life, (of which the Free of Life was to be a visible signe.) giving them leave to eat of all the Trees in the Garden, except only of the Tree of Good and Evil; Telling them that in the day they eat thereof they should dy the death.

The Devil seeing Man placed in this happy and Imperial condition, stirs up the Ser­pent to tempt the Woman to taste the fruit of the Tree of Good and Evil; telling her that they should not dy, but that their eyes should be opened, and they should be as Gods. With these sly and impudent lyes of the Serpent the Woman was per­swaded to eat of the forbidden Fruit; and gave unto her Husband to eat also. So that they both strayed from the Commands of God their Creator, and fell by their disobedience into sin, and consequently into destruction.

From Adam in this fallen condition is produced the whole race of Mankind, who dayly as they increase fall into all manner of Pleasure, Sin, and Wickedness. Inso­much as through their sinfull lusts and abhominable lives they brought upon them­selves the sad and heavy Judgement of an Universal Deludge: So that in this Flood perished all the Generations of Adam, & all other Creatures living upon the Face of the Earth, except Faithful Noah and his Family, and two of kind Male and Female of all Beasts and Fowls and all Creeping things, preserved an Ark built by the di­rections of Almighty God.

When the Waters retired into the compass of the Seas, Noah devided the dry Land among his Sons Shem, Ham, and Japhet: and they again devided it among their Sons.

[Page 3] The children of Japhet inhabited Europe, the Northern part of Asia and America, as we may gather from Ezeck. 38. 6. 15. and 39. 2.

Shem spread himself over the South part of Asia and America. And Ham possessed the Land of Canaan, Arabia, and all Africa. Yet the Posterity of Shem drove out the Canaanites, and possessed themselves of Canaan and most parts of Arabia.

The sons of Japhet were these, Gomor, Magog, Madai, Javan, Thubal, Mesech, and Thiras. Go [...]ers sons were Askenas, Riphat, and Togarma. Askenas is held by the Scribes to be the Father of the French and Germans. Riphat, the Original of the Finlanders, L [...]planders, and the inhabitants of Condora, Obdora, and Jougoria; where Ancient Geographers have placed the Hills of Riphai, which at this day is called by the Inhabitants thereof the G [...]rdle of the World. And Togarma, the first Inhabiter of▪ Sweden, Denmark, and Norway. From Magog are desended all the People of Scithya, now called Tartarie. Ezech. 38. 2. & 39. 6. And from Madia the Medes. 2 K [...]g [...]. 17. 6. Jos 13. 17. Jer. 25. 25. Dan. 5. 28. & 6. 1. & 8. 20.

The Children of Javan are these Elisa, Tharsis, Kithim, and Doda [...]im. From Elis [...], have the Greeks (which are called Aeoles) their Original. Ezech. 37. 7. From Tharsis the people of Cilicia, wherein is the City of Tharsis, wherein the Apostle Paul was born. From Kithim those of Cyprus, Macedonia, and Italy have there Original. Numb. 14. 24. Isa. 23. 1. Jer. 2. 10. 1 Mach. 1. 1. Of Dodanim are descended the Greeks called Dores, which are the People of Cariae, Rhodes, Pelepon­ [...]esus, and Scicil [...]e. Thubal is accounted the Father of those of Iberia, Albania, and [Page 4] Spin. And Mesech a Father of those of Cappadocia, Moscovia, Polonia, and other People that use the Sclavonian Language, Ezech. 27. 13. & 32. 26. & 38. 3. And Thiras an Original of those of Tharsis, Misia, and Illyria. So that the blessing Noah gave laphet came upon him when he said, God spread forth laphet, and let him dwell in the Tents of Shem; and let Canaan be his Servant. This blessing we here see accomplisht: for God so spread forth Iaphet that his Posterity possessed the Nothern parts of the Earth: And God hath also given him the third and fourth Monarchy of the world. At this day the Lord hath plentifully blessed him in some parts of his possessions in spiritual blessings; in other parts in Temporal blessings: as we may see the Kingdoms and Countries of Christendom: As also in the Moscovites, Tarters, and Turks, who at present have the command over much of Shems and H [...]ms Posterity. Rome the Empress of the fourth Monarchy had in the time of Vespatian thirteen Italian miles, and almost one quarter. Plin. lib. 3. cap. 5. Flavius Vopiscus witnesseth that the Imperour Aurelian inlarged the compass of this City to 30 Italian miles.

The sons of Shem, were Elam, Asshur, Arphaisad, Lud, and Aram. Elam was a father of the Elamites, that is, of the Inhabitants of the Lands of Susiana, Elymais, and Persia, Dan. 8. 2. Where the Prophet witnesseth that Susa or Susari (scituate on the River Vl [...]i which the Greeks call Euleum) is a City in the lands of Elam. Here the Monarchs of Persia kept their Court, as being the Imperial City of the second Monarchy, and had in its circuit 120. Stad. that is 15. Ital. miles for 8. Stad. makes [Page 5] an Ital. mile. Strab. lib. 15. From Assur had the Assirians (who had the first Mo­narchy) their Original, whose Imperial City was Ninive a City of God whose circuit was three dayes Journey. Jonas 3. 3. With which agree ancient writers, who wit­ness that Ninive was in length 150. Stad. in bredth 90 and in Circuit 480. Stad. that is 60 English miles.

Arphachsad. was a Father of the Babilonians and Chaldeans, who were called by the Hebrews Chasdim, from one of the Posterity of Arphachsad. The Imperial City of which lands was Babel, of whose great power glory and command the Holy Scripture witnesses in several places. Isa. 13. 19. & 14. 12. & 47. 7. Ier. 51. 41. 58. Dan. 4. 30. With which agree Historians and Chronologers; for among the rest Herodotus, witnesses that Babel was four square, each side having in length 120. Stad. that is 60 English miles. Herodotus lib. 1. Yet Strab [...] (an Author of credit) makes this City less; saying that the wall of this City was in circuit 385 Stad. that is 48 English miles and one Stad.

Among other of Arphachsads Posterity was Heber his Sons Son, who was a Father of the Hebrews, who had two Sons, one called Peleg, because in his time the world was devided: for Peleg signifies in English deviding. His brother was called Iaketan who had many Sons, to wit Almodad, Saleph, Hazarmaveth, Sarah, Haderam, Vzal, Dikela, Obal, Abimael, Seba, Ophir, Haevila and Iobab. These spread themselves from Mesa to Sephar at the Hill towards the East. Gen. 10. 25. Many of the Learned understand by Mesa the Hill Masium, which is a part of the Mountains of Amani. [Page 6] And by Sephar the City Sipphara Scituate in Mesopotamia upon the River of Euphrates. But yet there is more ground to think that their Habitations was from the River of Tigris towards the East to the farthest parts of the East Indies. Yet never­theless Elams posterity inhabited also between the borders of these vast stretched forth Lands: for the land of Hevila borders towards the West on the spring head of the River of Pison, which is an arm of the River of Tigris. And Ophir Hevila's brother is held to be the Father of the Inhabitants of the Lands of Pegu, Sian, and Aurea Chersonesus, that is the Golden Peninsula where at this day stands the Famous City of Malacca: so that by the mountains towards the East we must understand the Hills that part the East Indies from China.

From the Land of Ophir Solomons Ships brought Gold Precious Stones and other rich Commodities; Performing their Voyage in three yeers time. 1 Kin. 9. 26. & 10. 12. 22. For this reason Benedictus Arias Mountanus understands by Sephar and the Mountains towards the East the Lands and Mountains of Peru: and saies that therefore the Gold wherewith King Solomon covered the Temple is called Gold of Peraim, that is both the Peru's, for the last silable aim signifies in the Hebrew tongue a number of two. 2 Chron. 3. 6. Also the name of the land of Jucatan (which lies between Mexico and the Island Haiti otherwise called Spaniola) sounds very like Iaketan the name of Ophers Father.

Led the son of Shem is held to be a Father of the Inhabitants of Lydia and other Countries in Asia the less.

[Page 7] From Aram Luds brother have those of Syria Mesopotamia and Armenia their Original: for these mighty Kingdoms and their perticular Provinces are called in the Holy Scripture the Land of Aram, although they are distinguished from one another by several names: for example, Aram Damasci, Aramzobe, Aram Naharam, that is Aram between the two Rivers of Euphrates and Tigras, which lands the Greeks call Mesopotamia. 2 Sam. 8. 3. 5. & 10. 6. Iud. 3. 8. The Inhabitants of these Lands are at this day as well of themselves as of the Neighbouring Nations about them called Aramei and Asamei. The Children of Aram are these, Uz, Hull, Gether, and Mas. From Uz are descended those of Cele Syria, called in the Holy Scripture the Land of Uz, where Job dwelt. Job 11. From Hull are descended the Inhabitants of Palmiaren: from Gether those of Apamena and from Mas the People of Pieriah Comagena, and Cyrestica. See the Map of the Travels of St Paul.

The sons of Cham are these. Cus, Misraim, Put, and Canaan. Cus (from whom the desart and stony Arabia was called the Land of Chus) Begat Seba, Hevila, Sabtha, Raema, Sebtecha, and Nimrod. From Seba and Hevila are descended the dwellers of the desart and stony Arabia. Psal. 72. 10. Isai. 43. 3. These Countries were afterwards overcome by the Posterities of Abraham, the Edomites and the Isra­lites, and by them possessed. You must understand that desart Arabia is so called not that it is wholy desart and un-inhabited, But because it hath many desart places, and few Cities, because the dwellers therein live most in Tents, as those who for grasing of their Cattle often change Places. Sabtha (or more properly Sabbetha) [Page 8] is one of the Predecessors of the Inhabitants of Arabia the happy; wherein in for­mer times was the City of Sabbotha. From Raema are descended the People that inhabite that part of Arabia the happy that borders on the Persian Sea, where Ptolomie places the City of Rhegama. Among the Sons of Raema were Sheba and Dedan. From Dedan are descended the dwellers of Dedace in Ethiopia, and the Troglodites, as may be gathered by the Marchandize mentioned in Ezeck. 27. 15. & 38. 13. Seba was also the Progenitor of the People of Ethiopia. Isai. 45. 14. From hence came the Queen of Saba (or more properly Sheba) to King Solomon. 1 King. 10. 1. Mat. 12. 42. And here reigned the mighty Queen Can [...]es. Act. 8. 27. And at this time here reigns that potent Prince (untruly called) Presbiter John (for he is neither Presbiter nor Priest, but is indeed the mightiest Monarch of this world.) The People of Arabia and other Mahumetans call him At [...]clabassi, and his own Subjects Acegue, and Neguz, of the Abissines or Moors.

From Mitsraim are descended the People of Egypt. And therefore the Hebrews from him call that land in their language Mitsraim. And also to this day the Inhabitants and bordering People call it Mìsri. From Mitsraim are also descended these following Nations: to wit, Ludim, the Inhabitants of the Common-wealth of Mariot in Egypt. Anaemim, the Inhabitants of Marmarica and Cyrene. Leabim, the people of Lybia Scituated between Marenmaricam and Egypt, Naphthuhim, The Moors on the borders of Egypt, whose chief City is Napatha or Naphtha, Pathrusim, (which Ptolomy calls Phorusios, and Pliny Pharusios: those of Getulia who border on [Page 9] the great Ocean Sea. Isai. 11. 11. ler. 44. 1, 15. Plin. Book. 6. ch. 8. And Casluhim the Inhabitants of Cassiotidis lying in the entrance of Egypt coming from India and the Caphtorims that is the Inhabitants of Seir and other adjacent Countries: From these people are descended the Philistims, and Caphtorims. Gen. 10. 14. Gen. 32. 3. Deut. 2. 22.

From Put are descended the People of Africa the Less, Mauritania, in which is the River that Ptolomy calls Phehut, and Plinie Funt. And also in Numidia, and other Countries towards the South Mauritania, and Africa the Less are now called Barbary, Numidia, Biledulgerid, and those Lands extending farther Southwards are called Azamaga, Gualata, Guiny, which is the land of Black Moors.

From Canaan are descended the Sidonites, Hethites, Iebusites, Emorites, Cirgasites, Hevites, Arkites, Sinites, Arradites, Zemarites, and the Hamathites. And their Countries extended from Sidon unto Gaza, &c. Gen. 10. 19. But almost all this Land of Canaan was for the many grievous sins of its Inhabitants by Gods Com­mandment given for an Inheritance to the seed of Abraham.

Nimrod the Son of Chus began to be a mighty man upon the Earth: and the beginning of his Kingdom was Babel, and other Cities in the land of Shinar. Gen. 10. 10.

Now in regard that the Posterity of Noah are thus placed in Europe, Asia, and Africa, a question may arise how America being so great a part of the world became first populated, and from whence: and because the answer cannot be found either [Page 10] in Holy writ or prophane Authours, the most we can do is but to offer at arguments, and leave them to be accepted or rejected according as they may seem most probable or improbable to the judgement of the Reader. Yet certain it is, that the People of America had their Original from Noah: For in the Flood God destroyed every thing that was upon the Earth from Man to Beast; and Noah only re­mained, and they that were with him in the Ark. Gen. 7. 23. But from which of Noahs sons is the task to find out; in regard we have had so little knowledge of that part of the world till of (comparatively) late years.

It seems neerest the truth that those People that inhabite the Northern parts of America are descended from laphet; for towards the North is but a small Sea both on the Western and Eastern side. On the Eastern side of America between the Western parts of Norway and the Eastern parts of Island are not contained above 170 Leagues: from whence by the providence of God Norway-Men Fishing at Sea in smal vessels might easily by stress of weather be forced over with a strong Easterly wind in less than three dayes time. And afterwards either they or their Successors by the same Providencial cause might in less than one daies time be driven from the Western Shoars of Island upon the Shoars of Groenland; which though it be not accounted a part of America, yet in my Judgement it ought to be rather part of it than of any of the other three parts of the World; and that because it borders so very near upon it, that to this day it is unknown whether it be a part of that Continent or no. For several of our Country men and others [Page 11] have attempted to find a Sea Passage between them, and yet cannot. But if there be a passage it is a very small one, and therefore we may probably conjecture would not longly hid; since the necessities that that cold Climate is Subject to would compel rational Creatures (as men are) to seek Southerly for a warmer Scituation.

But here to shew the possibility of such an accident I mentioned only three daies time wherein men might be forced over from the Western parts of Norway to the Eastern parts of Groenland, though we need not from hence conclude it was so: but we may also think, that America might as well be populated from any other part of Europe, if we but allow that Navigations have designedly been made thither both by our own Country men and several others: as Hacklute re­lates in his English Voyages. Pag. 506. from the Records themselves, how several Navigations have been made by the Brittish Nation above 500 years ago into America. And withall, for the probability of the truth of those Records proves how that in Cuba and Hispaniola (two famous Islands in the Bay of Mexico) the Natives retain several Brittish words signifying the same thing to this day: be­sides some marks of Christianity among them. Yet by the same propability America might be populated either from France or Spain, who also are descended from Japhet.

Thus far may be offered in favour of the sons of Japhets populating America, and from whence. But if this be not accepted, we may consider the sons of Cham, [Page 12] who Inhabited the western Shoars of Africk, which in some places are not above 480 Leagues from the Main land of Brasil.

If neither Jophet or Cham can be allowed in the Readers opinion to Populate America, then must it of necessity be the sons of Shem who populated it: yet here we find almost 600 leagues distance from America in the neerest place, viz. between Yedso the most Easternly Iland of Asia and California the most Westernly Iland of America: therefore as far as the likeliest probability backs this argument, we ought to conclude that America was populated by the sons of Japhet.

A Discourse upon the Geographical Description of PARADICE: And the several Countries bordering thereon. Together with a short discourse of the perigrination of the Patriarchs, from Adam to Jacob.

AFter God had created the Heavens, the Earth, the Sea, and all that in them is out of Nothing, for the compleating of his great work he set himself to make Man; and so dignified and honoured him that he made him Lord over all Creatures, and gave him for his dwelling a most pleasant Garden in Eden, called Paradice; excelling in Stateliness Beauty and Delightful Pleasantness all the Countries upon the face of the Earth: and therefore is rightly called the Garden of Pleasure. It is Scituate in the Land of Shinar, a part of Asia, upon the River now called Tigris, which is called in the Holy Scripture the River of Pison. This River devides it self into four branches, each of a several name. Therefore to shew the true Scituation of this Garden, and to describe it perfectly, we must consider what the Prophet Moses saies in Gen. 2. 8. And the Lord God planted a Garden Eastward in Eden; As also at the 10 verse. And a River went out of Eden to water the Garden; and from thence it was parted and became [Page 14] into four heads: to wit four heads of Water. This Text clearly shews that this Garden of Pleasure was Scituate on the East side of Pison, where the River waters it with a single stream; as you may see in the Mapp: And though we should suppose that some part of this Garden should ly on the West side of the River of Pison, yet it is plain by Gen. 3. 24. that the dwelling place of Adom was on the East side: where it saies, So he drove out the Man, and he placed at the East of the Garden Cherubims &c. Because he should not enter in again where he went out. Also from Gen. 4. 16. And Cain went out from the presence of the Lord and dwelt in the land of Nod, in the East of Eden. And it is the more likely to be beleeved, because this River aswel in length and breadth as in strength of its stream may compare with the Rhyne, or Donau; and therefore it may consequently be conjectured that it must hinder our first parents from flying Eastward from the presence of the Lord had they inhabited to the Westwards of this River: for we cannot rationally conjecture they had either Boats or Ferries to pass over it with­all: nor does Gods holy word make any mention of Building any till Noahs time. Thus therefore have many Ancient Geographers committed an eminent errour in this particular, placing this Garden of Pleasure on the West side of the River of Pison.

This River (as aforesaid) is devided into four heads of water; to wit, two to the Northward or above the Garden, and two to the Southward or below the Garden; and were called Pison, Gihon, Hiddekel, and Euphrates; and are thus described in [Page 15] Gen. 2. 11. The name of the first is Pison. That is it which compasseth the whole Land of Havilah, where there is Gold. v. 13. And the name of the second River is Gihon. The same is it that compasseth the whole Land of Ethiopia. v. 14. And the name of the third River is Hiddekel: That is it which goeth towards the East of Assyria. And the fourth River is Euphrates.

This River of Euphrates hath its original source from the mountains of Moschi and Caspy in Armenia the Great: And the River of Hiddekel hath its original from a certain Lake or dead Sea Scituate neer the beginnings of the Mountains of Ararat. These two streams run downwards into the aforesaid River Pison at the North of the Garden, and so run Southwards to the Southmost part of the Garden, where the most Easterly of these streams retains still the name of Pison, and the Westernly takes the name of Gihon upon it, both emptying themselves into the Persian Gulph.

Our first Parents being thus placed in this Garden of Pleasure (as aforesaid) had all things therein given them to their use and behoof, except the Tree of Know­ledge of good and evil, Gen. 2. 17. Which was expressly Forbidden them by God. But being deluded by the Subtleties of Satan to break Gods Command, they were driven out of Paradice, and condemned to get their Living in the sweat of their brows; and for their sakes the Earth was accurst and over-run with Thistles and Thorns.

Having (as we have touched before) their dwelling in the Land of Nod, to [Page 16] the Eastwards of the Garden of Eden (which Countrey was formerly called Susiane, and now Susan) where they fell to Tilling the Ground. They had two Sons, the eldest named Cain a Tiller of the Ground, and the youngest named Abel a keeper of Sheep; who through the Spite and Mallice of his brother Cain was in his fury muthered by him. Cain being accurst of God for this fact, falls into great dispair and perplexity of mind, fearing least every one that meets him should kill him: goes therefore forth from the face of the Lord into the Land of Nod, and builds there a Citty and calls the name of it Enoch, after his Sons name. It may be conjectured that the Citty now called Susan is the remains of this Citty Enoch, as bordering neerest to Eden, and Scituate to the Westwards of the Mountains of Ararat upon the River Euleus, where it is probable Cain stopt his flight from the face of the Lord, being not able to pass over this River.

The sins of Mankind growing from time to time more and more, are at last punisht by God almighty with an universal deludge; wherein was drowned all the race of Mankind, all the Beasts of the field, all the Fowls of the Air, and all creep­ing things, except Noah and his Family, and two of a sort of all Creatures that lived on the face of the Earth, and of the fowls of the Air: preserved by Noah upon the Waters in an Ark built by him according to the directions of God himself, after the World had been created 1656 years. This Ark having driven to and fro upon the Waters above the highest tops of the Mountains for the space of about five moneths time, it pleased God to let it rest at last upon the Mountains of Ararat; [Page 17] And after the waters were retired again into their place the beleeving Noah and his Family and all the living Creatures that were inclosed in the Ark went again out of the Ark: and Noah and his Family setled themselves about the Eastern borders of the River of Hiddekel: from whence afterwards the Generations of Noah spread themselves both Eastwards and Westwards; naming the several Lands and Countries wherein they lived after their several Names: Which hath moved us to insert this Geneological Table, that the Reader may the easier learn to know the Lands in the Map, and their several Original Possessors; as more at large you may collect them out of the Bible, and the marginal Notes there on.

[Let the Genelogical Table come in here.]

All the people of the Earth had then one Language and one Speech. And that they might the better unite themselves, and perpetrate a Name, they consulted to build a Citty, and a Tower therein whose top thereof should reach up unto Heaven; which the Lord being offended with confounded their Language, scat­tered them, and made them leave off building their intended Citty. And the name of that place was called Babel: as you may see at Fig 1. in the Map, because the Lord did here confound their Language, and from hence desperse them into all parts of the Earth. Gen. 11. 9.

Not far from this Citty is Ur, the dwelling place of Terah; as at Fig. 2. in the Mapp. This Terah was the Father of Abraham, and the Grandfather of Lot. And [Page 18] Abraham being forewarned of God to depart from thence, according both he and his Father Terah and Lot departed to Haran, as at Numb. 3. in the Mapp: where Terah dyed. Gen. 11. 32. And Abraham at Gods command left his Native place, and his Kindred, and took with him all his family, and his Nephew Lot, and all their substance, and travelled towards the Land of Canaan, unto Sichem in the Plain of Moreh, as at Fig. 4. in the Mapp. From whence he removed again unto a mountain between Beth-el and Hai (as at Fig. 5. in the Mapp) and pitched his tent there; where he built an Altar and called upon the Lord. Gen. 12. 8. From hence they depart Southwards; and by reason of a famine in the Land are driven to go down into Egypt; from whence after some time of stay they again depart (richly blessed with Cattle, Silver, and Gold, &c.) into the Land of Canaan: and again took up their dwelling place between Beth-el and Hai. at Fig. 5. Gen. 13. 3. Here Lot and Abraham parts, because the Land was too little for them. And Lot chose the Plain of Jordan. at Fig. 6. in the Mapp; and pitched his Tent towards Sodom. Gen. 13. 12. And Abram went and dwelt in the Plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, Gen. 13. 18. as at Fig. 7. in the Mapp. Here it was that Ishmael was born, Isaac is promised, And Abrams name was changed to Abraham, Gen. 16. and 17. From hence Abraham journeyed towards the South Countrey, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned as a stranger in Gerar; at Fig. 8. in the Mapp. Gen. 20. 1. Here Abraham was commanded to offer up his Son Isaac upon one of the Mountains of Moriah; at Fig. 9. in the Mapp. But God finding his obedience forbids him to lay hands [Page 19] on the Lad, and provides a Ram for a burnt offering in Isaacs steed, and promises him his blessings. From hence Abraham goes and dwells in Beersheba, at Fig. 10. in the Mapp. Gen. 22. 19. And at Kirjath-arba which is Hebron, Sarah dies, and is buried in the cave of Machpelah over against. Mamre, at Fig. 12. in the Mapp. Gen. 23. 19.

Afterwards Abraham takes an Oath of his servant, and sends him to Nahor in Mesopotamia. at Fig. 3. in the Mapp: to take a wife for Isaac out of his Kindred, and obtained Rebekah the Daughter of Bethuel, and brings her into Canaan, where Isaac met her as he came from the way of the Well Lahairoi, at Fig. 13. in the Mapp. Gen. 24. 62. Abraham at the age of 175 years dies, and is buried by his Sons Isaac and Ishmael in the Sepulcher of his Wife Sarah, at Fig. 12. in the Mapp. Gen. 25. 10. Isaac then dwelt in the Cit [...]y of Gerar, at Fig. 14. in the Mapp. Gen. 26. 6. From whence he removed to the valley of Gerar. Gen. 26. 17. And from the valley of Gerer to Beer-sheba. Gen. 26. 23. But the Children of Ishmael being twelve Prince dwelt in all that space between Havilah, at Fig. 16. and Shur, at Fig. 15. in the Mapp. Gen. 25. 18. This was a large Countrey, but in probability not very fruitful or close inhabited. Because at this time it is called the Deserts of Arabia.

Isaac had now two Sons, to wit Esau, and Jacob. And Jacob being the youngest by his subtilety bought Esaus birth-right for a mess of Pottage; and by it ob­tained his father Isaac's Blessing, which belonged to Esau; for which Esau sought [Page 20] Jacobs Life. But by the councel of his Parents he went towards Podan-Arain to La­ban his Mothers brother. But being benighted at Luz, he took of the stones of the Place for his Pillows, and lay down to sleep on them; and then dreamed that he saw a Ladder whose top reached into Heaven, and the Angels of God ascending and de­scending. Here he received the promise of God: and here he took the stone he had for his Pillow, and set it up for a Pillar, and poured oyl on it, and named the Citty Bethel, at Fig 17 in the Mapp. Gen. 28. 11 to 20. In the morning he travelled towards the people of the East, where he met Rachel, the daughter of his Uncle Laban, about Haran at Fig 3 in the Mapp: and makes himself known to her, who straight runs and tells her father, who also came out to meet him: and received him kindly. Gen. 29 13. Here Jacob served Laban 20 years, for his two daughters Leah and Rachel, to­gether with such Cattle of the Flock as he barganied for: which the Lord blesses, and increases mightily. Whereat Laban and his Sons grow displeased, and murmur a­gainst Jacob. which caused Jacob to depart from thence with his Wives and Childeren and Cattle to the land of Canaan over the River Euphrates, at Fig. 18 in the Mapp. Turning towards the Hills of Gillead at Fig. 19 in the Mapp. After 7 days persuit of his Father in law and Uncle Laban and a great power he brought with him, he was overtaken. Yet nevertheless, Laban being warned of God not to hurt Jacob, made a convenant with him. Gen 31. 48, 49. not to hurt each other. Here they made a heap of stones in memorial of the covenant, and called the name of it Gilead and Mizpah: And from thence Laban returned home in peace.

[Page 21] Jacob travelling a little further meets the Angels of God, and called the name of the place Mahanaim. at Fig. 20 in the Mapp. From hence Jacob and all his Family and followers passed over the foord Jabbok, Gen. 32. 22. Here it was that Jacob wrestled with God, and obtained his blessing; and was called Israel; wherefore he cal­led the name of the place Peniel, at Fig. 21. in the Mapp. And here he met his brother Esau coming against him, with 400 men: yet they imbraced and parted friendly from one another; Esau to his dwellings in the mountains Seir, at Fig. 22 in the Mapp. Gen. 33. 16. and Jacob journied to Succoth, on the River of Jordan, at Fig. 23 in the Mapp; where he built an house. From thence he came neer the Citty of Shechem in Canaan, at Fig. 17. in the Mapp. From hence God commanded him to go to Bethel, and make there an Altar unto God that appeared unto him when he fled from his brother Esau. Gen. 35. 1. From hence Jacob travelled towards Ephrath, which is Bethelem, at Fig. 24. And within a little way of the place Richel dyed with hard labour of her son Benjamin, and was buried there. Gen. 35. 19. and Gen. 48. 7. Israel travelled again from thence, and pitched his Tents beyond the Tower of Edar, at Fig. 25. in the Mapp. From Edar he went to his Father Iscaac in Mamre, at the Citty of Arbak, at Fig. 11 in the Mapp. And Isaac being 180 years old dyed; and was buryed by his sons Esau and Jacob, in the Sepulcher of his Father Abraham at Machpelah, at Fig. 12 in the Mapp. Israel being compelled by famine, and invited by his son Joseph, goes into Egypt; that is the land of Cham, also called Mitsraim, where Joseph receives him with joy and duty, and entertains him with great kindness and liberallity, giving him with the consent of [Page 22] Pharaoh the Land of Goshen, at Fig. 26 in the Mapp, to live in. The soules that came out of Egypt with him were in number 70. And Israel being very old and dim of sight dyed there, and was carryed by his son Joseph and the rest of his children, and a great train of Egyptians very magnificently into the land of Canaan; and buried in the Sepulcher of his Father and Grandfather, at Machpelah, which is before Mam­re, at Fig. 12 in the Mapp. Gen 50. 13.

Thus is the curteous Spectator presented with a short Narration of the several Countries, Stations, and Dwellings, of our first Parents; from Adam downwards to Jacob and by the corresponding figures in the Mapp, and this Narration is directed to find the scituation of every place in question which he shall read of in the Bible, wherein they are concerned, with very great ease, speed, and delight.

A short discourse upon the Perigrination of the Children of Israel; Together with a Geographical description of the several places they travel­led to between Egypt and the land of Canaan.

THe land of Promise is by some old Writers called Palestine, (as is conjectured) from the name of the Inhabitants of the land called Philistines, a Nation de­scended from Cham, one of the sons of Noah. And yet may this Land be pro­perly called the Land of Promise; in regard of the promise God made to Abraham, Gen. 12. 7. and Gen. 13. 15. It takes the name of Canaan from Canaan, one of the sons of Ham:) and is devided into particular Provinces, according to the several names of Chams sons, who were the first possessors of those Provinces: as you may more perfe­ctly see in the Mapp of Paradice. And lastly, this Land is called the Holy Land, alluding to what God said unto Moses in Deut. 3. 5. Draw not nigh hither; Put off thy shoes from thy feet; for the Place whereon thou standest is Holy Ground. Notwithstanding this was not spoken by God in the Land of Canaan; but in the Wilderness of Sin by mount Horeb. Yet however we may account this a very proper name for this Land, because the holiness of the Lord was there preserved; The Holy Citty of Jerusalem stood in it; and the most Holy and true Son of God had both his birth and conversation in it.

[Page 24] The extream bounds of this Land reaches Fastwards to Arabiathe Stony. West­wards to the Great Sea, Northwards to the Hills of Labanon, and Southwards to the Wilderness of Paran, Edom, and Kadesh. Its length between Labanon and Paran is about 150 English Miles: The bredth between the Great Sea and the River of Jordan is various; for in some Places, it is about 50. in others about 60. Miles over.

This Land is watered with several smal Rivolets or Brooks; some emptying themselves into the Great Sea and others running into the River of Jordan, a famous River taking its original from two smal Lakes by the Woods of Labanon, called Jor, and Dan; who running a little way, unite both their streams and names: and from thence is called Jordan. This River Jordan runs from thence into the Lake Merom, and from Merom into the Sea of Galilee; otherwise called the Sea of Chine­reth; And lastly, running from the Sea of Chinereth it looses its self and name in the Dead Sea or Vale of Siddim. In this Valestood formerly those wicked Citties Sodom and Gomorrah, and in the time of Lot was a most exceeding fruitfull plot of ground, compared to the Garden of the Lord, to witt, Paradice. Gen 13. 10. This Sea or Vale is also watered with the Brooks Zered, and Arnon, and is nevertheless (as Jo­sephus writes) a salt and unfruitful Lake. Tacitus, Egysippus, Pausanius, and others, write wonderful things of this Lake; which for brevity we shall here omit. Yet this we ought to remark, that herein is found driving upon the waters a species of Pitch called Asphaltum: from whence this Lake hath also obtained the name of Mare Asphalticum. This Pitch being melted hath a noysom stinck, and is used both in medi­cines, [Page 25] and by the Inhabitants there-abouts for the pitching of Vessels.

But to proceed, This Land of Canaan is a very fruitful Land: producing Corn, Wine, Oyl, Sugar, Balsome, Figgs, Herbs, and Flowers; and is very truely term­ed a Land flowing with milk and honey. Exod 3. 8. and in several other places. It is beautified with many fair Hills, Vales, Fields, Fountains, Rivers; Woods, Citties, Vi [...]lages, and strong Castles: exceling many other Lands in the World: and there­fore given by God for an Inheritance to the Father of the faithful and his Seed the children of Israel, as a type of the Heavenly Canaan, the place of perfect and accom­plished joy and happiness.

The exceeding great number of Citties in this Land is almost incredible: yet that you may the better conceive of it, we have thought fit to add a Catalogue of the Kingly Citties which Joshua by lot devided to the children of Israel: as follows.

  • To the Tribe of Ruben
    • Hesh [...]n
    • Madian.
    • P [...]tra.
  • To Manasse
    • G [...]al.
    • F [...]a-D [...]r.
    • Ta [...]a [...]
    • M [...]g [...].
    • Israel.
    • Th [...]z [...].
    • Ashtaroth.
    • Domas [...] [...].
    • Ed [...].
    • Gesur.
    • Maachath.
    • Zoba.
    • Them [...]
    • Madon.
  • To Gad
    • Rabbah
  • To Benjamin.
    • [...]thel.
    • A [...].
    • Gibe [...]:
    • Jer [...]sa [...].
    • Jericho,
  • To Simeon.
    • Debir.
    • Gerar.
  • To Zebulon
    • Jok [...]eam.
    • Simron Mer [...].
  • To Issachat
    • Apbek.
  • To Asher
    • Achsaph.
    • Lassor [...]n.
    • Tyre.
    • Zidon.
  • To Naphtali.
    • Hazor.
    • Edrei.
    • Heleph.
    • Hamm [...]th.
  • To Dan.
    • Ekron.
    • Gath.
    • Lac [...]is.
  • To Judah
    • Harad.
    • Arab.
    • Makked [...]h.
    • Lib [...]a.
    • Eglon.
    • Bes [...]k.
    • Hebron.
    • Adullam.
    • Tappua.
  • To Ephraim.
    • G [...]ur.
    • Tappuah.
    • L [...]ssaron.
    • Samaria.

in all 52 Kingly Citties.

This Description of the Land of Canaan may be thought unproper in this place, since we pretend to shew you the children of Israels forty years wandering through the Wilderness: But because you may know what Land it was God had ordained for them after their Trials and Travels; and because we intend in our Discourse upon the Mapp of Canaan to treat mostly upon the Actions and Passages of our Saviour Jesus Christ in this Land, therefore we thought fit to insert this Discourse here, and to omit it in the next Mapp. Wherefore,

Having thus given you an account of the Land of Promise, we come next to shew [Page 27] the Perigrination of the children of Israel towards it through the Wildernesses of Pa­ran, Zin, Kadesh, &c. where (for your information) take notice that the double prickt line in the Map shews the passage they made; and where you find six little round [...] thus, besides the prickt line, it shews where they pitched their Tents: Each Station is marked with numerical figures, to which the numerical figures in the Mapp and Book bear particular referrences. But to the purpose.

God having purposed that the posterity of Abraham should remain as strangers in a strange Land 430 years: And this time being expired, he took notice of their miserable bondage, and how they were supprest and tasked of the Egyptians, he heard the sighs and complaints of his People; and therefore sent his servants Moses and Aaron to lead them out of Egypt into the Promised land.

And because King Pharaoh opposed them, therefore God sent all sorts of plagues upon Egypt, so that at last Pharaoh and his people were not only willing to let them go, but even in a manner drove them out of the land.

The children of Israel therefore gathered themselves together from all parts of the land to Rameses, and ate the Paschal Lamb on the 14. day of the moneth Ibib. Exod. 13. 4. (which with us is part of the moneth of March, and by them accounted the first moneth of the Year, (2583. years after the Creation of the World) The next day (to wit the 15 day of the first moneth they journeyed from thence to Suc­coth. (at fig. 1. in the Mapp.) and from thence to Etham (at fig. 2.) on the edge of the Wilderness, and there encamped themselves. From thence they turned to Pi-hahi­roth, [Page 28] (at fig. 3.) between Migdal and the Sea, where they were overtaken by the E­gytians. But God set his Angel behind the camp to guard it: And having provided a Pillar of Cloud and a Pillar of Light, the one to guide them in the Day, and the o­ther to light them in the Night, placed the Pillar of (loud behind the Israelites, and it became a Light to them, but Darkness to the Egyptians; so as they could not come at them. Israel being thus beset on each side with high mountains, behind with an Enemy, and before with the Red Sea, cryed unto the Lord, who by the hands of his servant Moses caused the Waters to part, and they went over on dry Ground: But when the Egyptians persued them, the Waters returned again, and covered them and their Chariots, so that they were all drowned in the Sea; and not one of them escaped.

Hereat the People rejoyce, and Moses and Miriam sing praises to the Lord for their deliverance. But journeying farther, come to the bitter Waters of Marah, (at fig. 4.) where they encamped, and murmurred against Moses, who by the Lords direction threw a Tree into the Waters, and they became sweet. Exod. 15. 25. From hence they journeyed to Elim. (at fig. 5.) and encamped there, where they found twelve Fountains of Water, and seventy Palm Trees. From thence they came to the coasts of the Red Sea. (at fig. 6.) And from thence to the Wilderness of Sin, (at fig. 7.) and encamped there on the 15 day of the second Moneth after they came out of the Land of Egypt: Here they again murmurred against Moses for want of Flesh; calling for the Flesh pots and Bread of Egypt: Wherefore the Lord pittying [Page 29] them sent them their dayly bread from Heaven; which they called Mannah, and cau­sed a great number of Qua [...]s to come out of the Sea to seed them with. Then they journeyed from Sin, and set up their Tents in Dep [...]k [...], (at fig. 8.) From thence to A­lush, (at fig. 9.) Thence Rep [...]dim. (at fig. 10) where there was no Water to drink: wherefore the People again murmur at Moses, and tempred the Lord: and therefore the name of the place was called Massah, and [...] Exod. 17. 7. Nevertheless the Lord commanded Moses to smite the Rock, and there came forth Water for the Peo­ple to drink.

Here also Amalek came forth against Israel; and Moses and Aaren and Hur went up to the top of the Hill, where Moses lined up his hand [...] Prayer to the Lord, and Is­rael prevailed: but when his hands grew heavy, so that he could not hold them up Amalek prevailed against Israel: therefore Aaron and [...]ur got a stone for Moses to sit on and held up his hands steddy, till Amlek was quite discomfited.

Afterwards came Jethro the Father in law of Moses and Priest of Midian, whom Moses received with reverence and love: And Jethra brought with him his daughter Zioporah Moses wife, and her two sons Gerskon and Eliezer. Jethro seeing the great paine and trouble Moses had in judging the People, concels him to seek out Wise, Couragious, and Jastmen, fearing God; and set them as Rulers over thousands over hundreds and over tens: and what causes were too great for them they should bring before Moses. This pleased Moses well, and he did so. And his Father in law depar­ted into his own Countrey.

[Page 30] The same day the Israelites departed out of Riphidim, and encamped in the Wilder­ness of Sinai, (at fig. 11.) against the Mountains which are also in part called Horeb: Here God came down upon Mount Sinai in the sight of all the People, and gave them his Law; first by word of mouth, and afterwards to Moses in two Tables writ­ten on Stone by God himself, after he had been forty dayes in the Mount with God, Exod. 32. 16. and Deut. 9. 9, 10, 11. But Moses coming down, and seeing the Ido­latry of the People towards the Golden Calf, waxed so wrath with them that in holy zeal he threw the two Tables out of his hands and brake them in peeces; and took the Golden Calf and burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and shewed it upon Water, and made the Children of Israel to drink of it. Then Moses prayed un­to God, and obtained mercy for them: And God caused Moses to hew two other Tables, and with his own finger he wrote on them the words that were in the for­mer Tables. In the Mount Sinai Moses receives a command from God to make the Tabernacle, with all its appertainces according to his directions; and to require of all the People a Free will Offering, besides a Tax of half a Shekel upon every male of 20 years old and upwards. In this Tax were numbred 603550. men. Exod. 39. 26. and in the former vers. it saies it brought up in Silver 100. Tal and 1775 Shek. of Silver: Besides 100. Talents of Siverto cast Sockets; which makes 200 Talents 1775. Shekels: amounting to (in our English Coin at 2. sh. 5. d. the Shekel) the sum of 72565. lb. 6. sh. 3. d. Besides was freely offered in Gold 29 Tallents, 730 Shekels; which if we reckon to be worth twelve times its weight in Silver (as according to the [Page 31] most usual received value it is) it amounts to the sum of 127208. lb. 10. sh. o. d. To which added the Silver aforesaid 72562. 6. 3. makes the exact sum of 199773. 16. 3. English money. This sum is for the Gold and Silver only The Brass imployed at out the Tabernacle and its appertainances was 70. Talents and 2400 Shekels, which of our weight at 16 ounces to the pound weighs 6526. lb. 14. ounces; which reckoned at 8. d. the pound (the usual price of Bras; with us) comes to 217. lb. 11. sh. 3. which added to the former sum, makes 199991. lb. 7. sh. 6. the just value of the mettal imployed about the Tabernacle. Besides the Offerings of Blew Silk, Purple, Scarlet, Fine Linnen, Goats hair, Ram skins dyed Red, Badger skins, Shittim wood, Oyl, Spices, Sweet Incense, and precious Stones; which must needs amount to a very great price. Nor is there in Scripture any mention made what the workmanship of all these materials cost: but surely it would come to much, were into be paid for. The Women (doubtless) spun their blew Silk and Goats hair free­ly: And we may conjecture that many men that had nothing else, offered their La­bour gratis to the building of this Tabernacle to the Lord.

The Tabernacle being finisht was reared up (Exod. 40. 2.) the first day of the first moneth, in the second year after they departed out of Egypt. It and all its Instru­ments was annointed and hallowed by Moses: And then a Cloud covered it, and the glory of the Lord filled it. All the day time the Cloud remained over it, and Fire was in it in the night time, and became a Light to all the Camp.

[Page 32] Now follows another Offering, (Numb. 7. 2, 3.) of all the Princes and Elders of the Tribes; And they send six covered Chariots, and twelve Oxen; two Princes joyned for a Chariot, and each Prince sent his Ox to do service in the Tabernacle. Each Prince offered also in the first Dedication of the Altar a Charger of 130. Shekels of Silver, and a Bowl of Silver weighing 30 Shekels, and an Incense Cup of Gold weighing 10 Shekels, which was in all 2400. Shekels of Silver, amounting to 590 lb. Sterling, and 120 Shekels of Gold amounting to 358 lb. Sterling: together 948 lb. Sterling. They also offered 60 young Bullocks, 72 Rams, 72 Lambs, and 72 He Goats, for Burnt Offerings, and for Sin Offerings, and for Peace Offerings. Thus was the Altar dedicated.

We have before found the People numbred from 20 years old and upwards; but till now the Levites are not numbred: Therefore God commanded Moses to num­ber them from a moneth old and upwards, and they were found to be 2.000. Every first born male is now also numbred; and they are found to amount to 22273 Souls: which with the Levites make 44273. which with the foregoing 603550 makes 647823 males. Besides Women, and Maidens, and Youths under 20 years of age.

On the 20 day of the second moneth of the second Year the Cloud was taken up from the Tabernacle. Numb. 10. 11. and the Camp removed from the Wilderness of Sinai, and rested in the Wilderness of Paran, (at fig. 12.) in such order as you may read in Numb. 10. 14. to 29. Here the People murmur against Moses: wherefore the fire of the Lord burnt among them, and consumed the outmost part of the Host; and [Page 33] therefore the name of the Place was called Taberah. And here the People again lusted, and wept for the Flesh, the Fish, the Onnions, and other fare of Egypt; and loath Mannah: wherefore the Lord sent them such numbers of Quailes out of the Sea, that they even surfeited with them; and so kindled the Lords anger against them, that he sent an exceeding great Plague amongst them: wherefore the name of the Place was called Kibi oth. Hattaavah; that is Graves of Lust. Numb. 11. 34.

From hence they took their journey to Hareroth (at Fig. 13) here Aaron and Miri­am for speaking against Moses were punnished; Aaron by words from the Lord, and Miriam with Leprosie, so that she was shut out of the Host seven days. And then the Host removed thence to Rithma, in the Wilderness of Paran. (at Fig. 14.) From hence the Lord commanded Moses to send forth 12 men to search the Land of Canaan: who returned again in forty days; bringing with them a Cluster of Grapes on a Bar between two of them, and Pomgranates, and Figgs; and related it to be a Land flowing wihh Milk and Honey. But yet that the People were strong, and the Citties walled, and that there were Gyants among them: which so discouraged the Israelites, that they again fell a murmuring, wishing they had dyed in Egypt, or that they were dead in the Wilderness: And were conspring to chuse themselves another Captain to lead them again into Egypt. But Joshua and Caleb (two of the twelve that were sent to search the Land) strove to appease and incou­rage the People: For which the multitude were about to stone them: which so provoked Gods anger against them, that he threatned to destroy them all: yet by the [Page 34] Prayers of Moses the Lord forgave them, but swore that none of them that had seen the miracles he did in Egypt, and had so oft tempted him in the Wilderness should ever enter into the land of Promise, only Joshua and Caleb for their obedience should: but all the rest should dy in the Wilderness, as they had wished. Wherefore the People were sorry for what they done, and as in dispair offered to go up to the place the Lord had promised them. But Moses would not consent to it, but councel­led them to the contrary: yet they presumed obstinately to go up, though Moses and the Ark went not with them, and were disco [...]ted by the Amalekites, and the Ca­na [...]ni [...]es; and persued and consumed even unto Hormah.

From Rithmah the Lord commanded them to go to Rimmon-Parez, (at fig. 15.) from [...]immon-Pare [...] to Lithnah, (at fig. 16.) from thence to Rissa, (at fig. 17.) then to Kehelathah, (at fig. 18) then to Mount Shapher, (at fig. 19.) then to Haradah. (fig. 20.) then to Makheloth, (fig: 21) [...]hen to Tahath, (fig. 22.) then to Tarah, (fig. 23.) then to Mithkah: (fig. 24) then to Hashmonah, (fig. 25.) then to Moseroth, (fig. 26.) then to Be­ne-Jaakan, (fig. 27.) then to Hor-hagidgad, (at fig. 28.) then to Jotbathah, (fig. 29.) then to Ehronah, (fig. 30.) then to Ezion-g [...]ber, (fig. 31.) on the Red Sea. from whence Salo­mon sent his Ships to Ophir for Gold. 1 Kin. 9. 26. While they were in these last recited Journeys Korah, Dathan, and Abiram conspired against Moses and Aaron, and begat a rebellion in the People: for which the Earth opened and swallowed them up alive, and the men that were with them, and all their families, and Goods, and 250 of their partakers, that offered falfe Incense were consumed by fire that came out [Page 35] from the Lord. Where at on the morrow all the People murmurred against Moses and Aaron, telling them that they had killed the People of the Lord. At which the anger of the Lord was so kindled that he sent a Plague among them that destroyed: 14700 Souls.

Then the Lord to put an end to the grudgings of the People commanded Moses to cause all the Princes of each Tribe to bring every one his Rod, and write thereon his Name, and put them before the Tabernacle of the Congregation; and to write Aarons name on his Rod, and put it there also; and the mans Rod whom the Lord should chuse to be chief Priest should bud. So on the morrow Aarons Rod was bud­ded, and brought forth blossoms, and bare ripe Almonds. Numh. chap. 16. and ch 17.

By this time God had led them 39 years through several Wildernesses; and in the first moneth they removed from Esiongeber into the Wilderness of Zin to Kadesh, (at fig. 32.) Here Mariam dyed, and was burieed. And here the People again mur­mur against Moses and Aaron for want of Water: whereupon Moses prays unto the Lord, who directs him to assemble the Congregation, and to take his Rod, and speak unto the Rock before them: which he did, but smote the Rock twice; and there came forth Water abundantly for them and their Cattle: For which twice striking upon the Rock, the Lord reprehends Moses and Aaron of unbeleef; (since he only com­manded them to speak to the Rock); and tells them they shall not bring the Congre­gation into the Land which he had promised them. This was the Water of Meriba; so called because of the strife between the People and the Lord. Numb. 20. 13. From [Page 36] hence Moses sent messengers to the King of Edom, desiring passage through his Countrey; but he denying it the Camp journeyed to Mount Hor, (fig. 33) where Aa­ron dyed in the tortieth year after the children of Israel set forth out of the land of E­gypt, being aged 123 years. Numb. 13. 38, 39. While they were at Mount Hor King Arad a Can [...]anite warred against Israel; but Israel overcame them and destroyed their Cities, From Mount Hor the Camp removed to Zalmonah (at fig. 34.) towards the Red Sea, to go about by the land of Edom to Punon, (fig. 35.) where the way seem­ed very grievous to them; so that they again fell to murmuring against the Lord and Moses: Wherefore the Lord sent fiery Serpents among them, which stung many of them to death. But upon their confession of their sins, and Moses praying to the Lord, God commanded Moses to make a fiery Serpent, and to set it up for those to look on that were bitten, that they might live. Numb: 21. 5, 6, 8, 1, 9. From Punon they came to Oboth, (fig. 36.) thence to Jie-abarim, (fig. 37.) on the borders of Moab. Thence they came and pitched on the River Zared, (fig. 38.) thence to Dibon-gad, (fig. 39.) then to Almon-blath, (fig. 40.) from thence they passed by the Well Beer, and came to Mattanah, (fig. 41.) then to Nahaliel, (fig. 42.) then to Batmoth, (fig. 43.) in the Plain of Moab, even to the top of Pisgah, (at this * figure in the Mapp) From hence Israel sent messengers to Sihon, King of the Amorites, desiring his leave to pass through his Countrey: but instead of giving leave he raised an Army and fought a­gainst Israel. But Israel overcame him and took his Countrey from him, and posses­sed it, and put all his People to the sword. In this encamping the Israelites com­mit [Page 37] fornication with the Women of Moab, and Idolatry with Baal-Peor: which so kindled the anger of God against them, that he sent a Plague among them which de­stroyed 24000 Souls.

After which God commanded Moses again to number the People, and he found the number of males of 20 years old and upwards to be 601630. besides the Levites, who were numbred to be 23000. males, from a moneth old and upwards. Numb. 26.

But the Lord commanded Moses to revenge himself on the Midianites: so he se­lected 1000 out of every Tribe, and sent them against the Kings of Midian, and slew them, and all the males, and took their Women, and their Cattle, and all they had, and fired their Citties and Villages.

He sent forth also and took Og King of Boshan, and his Countrie, and all the Lands about Jordan, on this side.

Here Moses received command of the Lord to go up into the top of this Mount Pisgah, and take a view of the land of Promise; for that in regard of his disobedience to the Lord at the Waters of Meribah, he should not enter thereinto: but Joshuab should ledd the People over. And here Moses dyed when he was 120 years old, and was buryed in a Valley in the land of Moab over against Beth. peor: but his Sepul­cher is concealed. Deut. 34. 6.

After Israel had mourned, 30 daies for Moses, God commanded Joshuah to pass o­ver Jordan, and take possession of the Promised Land. Therefore Joshuah sent out two men to Jericho to spy the Land, who returning brought tydings how much discou­raged [Page 38] the Inhabitants were because of them. Whereupon the Camp removed to Shittim, and came to Joraan, and lodged there before they went over. Three daies af­ter, the Officers went through the Camp, commanding the People to be in readiness against the Ark removed to pass over Jordan; And so soon as the feet of the Priests that bare the Ark touched the brinks of the Water the Water parted, but the Priests with the Ark went into the middle of Jordan, and there stood till all the children of Israel went over on dry Land. And for a perpetual memorial of this miracle, God commanded Joshuah to cause one man out of every Tribe to take a Stone out of the midst of the River where the Priests feet stood, and leave it at the place where they should encamp that night, which was at Gilgal towards Jericho. Joshuah com­manded them also to pitch twelve Stones in the middle of Jordan, where the Priests feet stood, to remain there for a memorial for ever.

The Lord of Hosts having thus brought the children of Israel out of Egypt, through the Red Sea, and led them 40 years together through several Wildernesses, and now set them on the other side of Jordan, we shall leave them there, and refer our Reader to the holy Bible for an Historical Relation of their several exploits in the Wars with the Nations that possessed the Land; how they overcame them all, con­quered their strong Citties, possessed themselves of the whole land, and rooted out all their enemies.

How this land was afterwards devided among the twelve Tribes of Israel by Jo­shuah is marked in this Mapp with single pricks; and the Capital name that is writ [Page 39] within them is the name of the Tribe that possessed so much of the land as is en­compassed with those pricks. The Citties of Refuge appointed Josh. 20. 7, 8 are marked with a cross upon the Tower, as you may see in the Mapp it self, on your left hand just over the picture of both sides the Shekel.

A Discourse upon the Geographical Description of the Land of CANAAN, Possest by the Israelites, and travelled through by our Saviour Jesus Christ, and his Apostles.

THe fullness of Time being come wherein God according to his eternal decree had ordained to send his Son into the World in humane shape and nature for the redemption of mankind; the Angel Gabriel came and saluted Mary (a Virgin at Nazereth) (at fig. 1. it the Mapp) with a message from the Lord Luk 1. 28. telling her that the Holy Ghost should come upon her, and the power of the most High should overshadow her, and she should bring forth a child, and call his name JESUS: which accordingly came to pass when Augustus Caesar was Empe­rour of all the World, and Herod the Terrarch was King of Jewry, and Cyrenius Go­vernour of Syria, which was in the year of the World (according to Mr John Butler in [Page 40] his Christologia) 4000. then came Mary with her betrothed Husband Joseph to Bethle­hem, (at fig. 2.) a Citty of David (for they were both of the Lineage of David) to be Taxed according to the Decree of Caesar. And because there was no room in the Inn, they were fain to make shift with a Stable, where she fell in Labour, and brought forth her first born Son, wrapped him in swadling cloaths, and laid him in a Manger. The Angels soon carryed this joyfull news to Shepherds that were then keeping their Sheep, and gave them signes how they should find the Child; who straight way left their flock, came to Bethlehem, and found him out, and publisht abroad the tydings that was brought them of the Angels. Luk. 2.

This Child was circumcised at eight daies old, and his name called JESUS. And when he was 33 daies old he was brought to the Temple at Jerusalem, (at fig. 3.) by his Parents, and presented to the Lord, according to the custom of the Jews; whither also (being directed by the Spirit) came Simeon a just man, and one that feared God; who took the child Jesus in his arms, and praised God, &c.

Whi [...]e they were yet in Bethlehem came wise men (having seen his Star) out of the East to worship him. And the fame hereof coming to Herods ears, caused him to assem­ble all the chief Priests and Scribes, to learn of them the place of his birth: who in­formed him it was to be in Bethlehem. Wherefore he commanded the wise men to seek the Child with all diligence, and bring him word that he might come and worship. When these wise men departed from the King the Star went before them till it came and stood over the place where the Child was: who when they had found, they wor­shipped, [Page 41] and presented with Gold, Incense, and Myrhe. But they were warned in a dream not to return to Herod, but to return to their own Countrey some other way. Also Joseph was warned in a dream that he should take Mary and the Child, and fly into Egypt. Herod seeing himself mocked by the wise men, gave strickt command to kill all the male children of two years old and under in Bethlehem, and the coasts about it; that the Prophesie might be ful [...]illed. Jer. 31. 15.

Herod being dead Joseph was warned of God in [...]eam to return again with the child: but hearing that Archelaus his son reigned in fudea, he was afraid; yet turned aside into Galilee, to the Citty Nazareth. Mat. 2. 23.

Jesus being twelve years old came upto Jerusalem with his Parents to the Feast of the Passeover; and when the dayes were accomplisht his Parents went home, think­ing he had been in the company: but he staid behind disputing with the Doctors in the Temple; yet when they came back to seek him he went home with them.

In the 15 year of the Emperour Tiberius when Pontius Pilate was President of Ju­dea, Jesus came from Nazareth to Jordan, not far from the Dead Sea, viz. to Bethabane, where he was baptized of John the Baptist; at which time the Holy Ghost descended upon him like a Dove; and a voice was heard saying, This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased. Mat. 3. 17.

From hence Jesus was led aside into the Wilderness; where he fasted 40 dies and 40 nights, and was tempted of the Devil: but the resisted, and the Devil left him.

Then Jesus went again into Galilee; whither followed him Andrew, Peter, and [Page 42] Philip, and dwelt at Nazareth. Luk. 4. 16. where he taught in the Synagogue. Coming from thence he went to Cana, where at a marriage he turned water into wine, Joh. 2.

From thence he went to Capernaum with his [...]other, his Brother, and Disciples: yet staid not long there, but went to Jerusalem, because the Feast of Passeover was nigh.

The first year of his Ministery. Ao. 30.

Jesus coming to Jerusalem to the Passeover shews his Divine authority in whipping the Buyers and Sellers out of the Temple, and overthrowing their Tables. Joh. 2· 15. By these and other signes many believe in him. Niced [...]mus a Ruler of the Jews came by night to him, to be instructed of him. Joh. 3. 1. From hence Jesus went into the land of Judea, and tarryed there same time. But John was baptizing at Enon, by Sa­lim, and was shortly after imprisoned; which when Jesus heard he returned again into Galilee, through Samaria; and came to a Citty called Sychar▪ neer Jacobs Well; where (sitting to rest himself, there came a woman of Samaria (while his Disciples were gon into the Citty to buy meat) to fetch water; with whom Jesus discoursing, and tell­ing her of her own affairs, she takes him for a Prophet, and runs into the Citty, tell­ing the Cittizens what she had heard and seen: whereupon they come out to him; and hearing of his words many of them beleeve in him. Joh. 4. 5. &c.

Having tarryed there two dayes, he goes into Galilee, where the Galileans that had seen what he did at Jerusalem received him joyfully. v. 45. Coming to Cana in Galilee there came to him a Ruler whose Son was sick of a Feaver, at Capernaum, beseeching [Page 43] him to go down and heal his Son before he dyed. But Jesus said, Go thy way: thy Son liveth. And from that hour the Feaver [...] [...] him. v. 52. Coming to Nazareth, and reading the Prophet Isaiah, and preaching thereupon; the People were incensed at his doctrine, and thrust him out of the Citty, and died him to the top of the hill whereon the Citty was built, to cast him down headlong. But he passed through the midst of them, and went his way, and came and dwelt at Capernaum.

Jesus walking by the Sea of Galilee called to him Peter, Andrew, James, and John, who straight way left their Nets, and fo [...]lowed him. Mat. 4. 18. &c.

The second year of Christs Ministery. Ao. 31.

Jesus travelling through all Galilee preaches in their Synagogues, and heals all sick­nesses and diseases. Mat. 4. 23. so that his fame spreads over all Syria, and great mul­titudes follow him out of Galilee, Decapolis, Jerusalem, Judea, and from beyond Jordan. v. 25. Among others he cured Peters Wives Mother of a Feaver. Mar. 1. 30. 31, Luc. 4. 38, 39. Coming to the Lake of Genesereth the People so prest upon him, that he en­tred into Simons ship that lay by the shoat, and required him to thrust off; and he preached to them out of the ship. Luc. 5. 3. And when his Sermon was ended, he bad Simon lanch out into the deep, and cast his Net. But Simon told him they had wrought all night and caught nothing, yet because he had them they would; which when they did, they had so great a draught that their Nets brake, and they were fain to call their Companions to help draw them in. Luc. 5. 1. &c. And because his fame [Page 44] spread more and more so many followed him that he could not enter into Caperna­um, but kept without in desart places. Mar. 1. 45. Luc. 5. 16. Some daies after Jesus came again into Capernaum, and entered into a house, whither came many Pharisees and Doctours of the Law to hear him: and as he was teaching there was a Man brought to him, lying in his bed, taken with a Palsey: and in regard they could not get neer him, because the press was so great, they carryed him up to the house top; and let him down through the Tileings, Bed and all; which he immediately cured: and the Man took up his Bed and walked. Luk. 5. 25. Going from thence towards the Sea, he saw the Publican Levi, otherwise called Mathew: And he said to him Follow me. Who left all and followed him· v. 28. Afterwards Jesus went on a Sabbath day through the fields of Corn, and his Disciples plucked the Ears of Corn and rubbed them between their hansd and eat them: which the Pharisees were offend­ed at. Luk. 6. 1. Afterwards he went into the Synagogue on another Sabbath day, and healed a Man with a withered hand; which so madded the Pharisees that they consulted with the Herodians to destroy him: but he avoided them Mar. 3. 5, 6.

Coming neer the Sea, he went upon a Mountain to pray, and staid there all night. The next morning he called his Disciples, and from among them he chose twelve, which he called Apostles. Luk. 6. 12, 13. Going again into Capernaum he healed the Centurious servant, marvelling at his faith, Luk. 7. 1, to 11. From thence Jesus goes to a City called Naim, (fig, 11. where a Widdows son being dead was carryed out to be buryed, and which Jesus (in compassion to his Mother) raised again from the dead, and delivered her her Son alive. Luk, 7, 11, to 16.

[Page 45] Afterwards he travelled through every City and Town in Galilee, and Samaria, preaching the Gospel; where certain Women that he had healed of their infirmities ministred to him. Luk. 8. 1, 2.

Coming to Jerusalem to a Feast of the Jews, he found at the Pool of Bethesda a Man who had been diseased 38 years, whom he made whole on a Sabbath day. Ioh. 5. 8. From thence he returned to Capernaum again, took ship, and stilled a storm at Sea; then landed in the Region of the Gadarenes about Gerasa, (fig. 12.) Luk. 8. 26. where he met a Man possessed with legions of Devils, whom he dispossed, giving them leave to go into an herd of Swine, who immediately thereupon ran headlong into the Sea: hereat the Inhabitants came and besought him to depart out of their Coasts. v. 37. Thence he returned again to Capernaum, where Jairus a Ruler of the Synagogue intreated him to come into his house, because his daughter lay dying. v. 41. And as he was going with him, a Woman touched the hem of his garment, and was imme­diately healed of an issue of blood which she had had 12 years. v: 43. In the mean while the Maiden dyed, but was raised again from the dead. v. 55. Iesus going from thence, gives sight to two blind men. Mat. 9. 27, to 31. and speech to a dumb Man possessed with a Devil v. 32. 33.

Jesus goes through all Cities in Galilee towards Ierusalem, Luk. 13. 22. where he preaches: is forewarned of the Pharisees that unless he depart Herod will kill him v. 31.

Iesus calls his twelve Disciples to him, and sends them forth to preach; giving them power to cast out unclean Spirits, and to heal all diseases. Mat. 10. 1. who at [Page 46] their return to him again give him an account of their Ministery. Luk. 9, 10. Then he takes them aside into a solit [...]ry place neer Bethsoida, where he feeds 5000 Men with sive barly loaves and two [...]ishes. v. 17. Ioh. 6▪ 5, to 14. But perceiving that the People would make him King, he withdrew himself to a Mountain alone. Ioh. 6. 15. and his Disciples missing him, they about evening took shipping to go over to Caperna­um, whither Iesus followed them, walking upon the Water; whom when they saw they were afrighted: But he spake to them, and came into the Ship; and they pre­sently arrived at their Port. v, 21.

The third year of Christs Ministery. Ao. 32.

Iesus removes from Capernaum to Ierusalem, and after the Feast of Pass. returns a­gain, travels through Galilee, but shuns Iudea, because the Jews sought to ki [...]l him. And being come home again, journeys towards Tyre, (fig. 14) and Sydon, (fig. 15.) on the coasts of the Great Sea, where he cast a Devil out of the Canaanitish Womans Daughter, Mat. 15. 18. And departing from thence he went to the Sea of Galilee through the midst of the coasts of Decapolis. Mar. 7. 31. where he healed one deaf and dumb. v. 35. And in the Wilderness (fig. 16.) he fed 4000. Men besides Women and Children with 7 loaves and a few smal Fishes. Mat. 15. 38 Mar. 8. 8, 9. Then he took Ship and came into the Coasts of Magdala, in the parts of Dalmanutha, (fig. 17.) where the Pharisees desired of him a signe from Heaven. v. 11. which he being trou­bled at, left them, and again took ship and came to Bethsaida, v. 22. where he restored a [Page 47] blind Man to his sight, v. 25. Hence he and his Disciples go Casarea Philippi, (fig. 18.) where under way Peter confessed him to be the Christ Mat 16. 16. Mar. 8. 29. Six daies after Iesus took Peter, Iames, and Iohn, and went up to the Holy Mount 2 Pet. 1 18. (fig. 19) where he was transfigured, and where appeared Moses and Elias talking with him; and here it was that a voice came from Heaven, declaring him to be the Son of God. Mat. 17. 5. Coming again to the multitude he cast a Devil out of a Child. Mat. 17. 18. Hence he goes to Capernaum, where the Toll gatherers demand Tribute of him; wherefore he sent Peter with his Angle to the Sea, and told him that in the mouth of the first fish that sh [...]uld come up he should find a twenty pence peece, which he bad him give for them both. Mat. 17. 24. to 27. Afterwards he travels through Galilee and Samaria towards Ierusalem. Luk. 9. 51.

The fourth Year of Christs Ministery. Ao. 33.

Iesus sends forth seventy Disciples by two and two to preach the Gospel, and heal the sick, &c. Luk. 10. 1. Against the Feast of Passeover he departs out of Galilee into Iudea, and dwells in Bethania, (fig. 20.) in the house of Martha, v. 38. Thence he went to Ierusalem to the Feast, where the Jewes marvelled at his Doctrine, Ioh. 7, 15. Towards the Evenings he used to go to Mount Olives, (fig. 21.) and stay there all night, but in the Mornings came again into the City, and preached in the Temple.

The Scribes and Pharisees (to tempr. Iesus) brought a Woman to him taken in adul­tery, who by the Law of Moses should dy: And he bad them that were without sin to [Page 48] cast the first Stone at her; wherefore they all departed, and left her there without an accuser. Ioh. 8. 3. to 12.

Then he went through all Cities and Towns thereabouts, teaching the People. And comes in the Winter time again to Ierusalem, and walked in the Temple, in Salo­mons Porch, where many of the Jews encompass him, and would know positively if he were the Christ or No. But for his answers they went about to stone him, and would have laid hands upon him; yet he escaped them. Ioh. 10. 22, to 40. and goes over Jordan to the place where he was baptized of Iohn, and abode there. v. 40. After­wards he travelled through Galilee and Samaria, teaching the People every where. And in his way to Ierusalem he met ten leprous men, whom he healed. Luk. 12. to 20. Coming neer Iericho (fig. 22.) he gave sight to a blind Beggar man, Luk. 35. &c. And when he was entered into the City of Iericho he goes into Zacheus his house, who was the chief Reciever of the Tribute, Luk. 19. 1. &c. Here he has news of Lazarus his sickness, therefore goes to Bethania, and meets Martha, who tells him her brother is dead and buryed. But Iesus having a great affection to this Family, goes to the grave, and restores him to Life. Yet however, the Jews seek to take him. Ioh. 11. 1. wherefore he withdrew into the Wilderness, and remained in a City called Ephrem or Ephraim, (fig. 23.) Six daies before the Feast of Passeover he came again to Bethania, to the house of Martha, and sups with Lazarus. Ioh. 12. 1. The next day he went to Bethphage, at (fig. 24.) whence he sent two of his Disciples to fe [...]ch a she Ass, whereon he rode into Ierusalem with great acclamations of the People, who spread their gar­ments [Page 49] and strewed branches in his way, crying Hosanna in the Highest, &c. Mat. 21. 1. &c. Coming into the Temple he again drove out the Changers of Money, and all them that bought and sold in the Temple. v. 12, 13: Here he healed the halt and the blind that came to him. v. 14. That night he went to Bethania, and lodged there. v. 17. And in the Morning again to Jerusalem, where underway he cursed the Fig Tree, which presently withered. v. 19. The day time he spent in the Temple, teach­ing the People, and disputing with the Scribes, Pharisees, and Sadduces, as you may read Mat. 21. Mar. 11. Luk. 20. and a nights he went out of the City to Mount Olives. When now his disciples shewed him the beauty of the Temple, he fore-told its de­struction. Mat. 24. 1. Mar. 13. 1. Luk. 21. 5. Two daies before the Passeover, Iesus was in Bethania, at the house of Simon the Leper, where Mary the Sister of Lazarus an­nointed him. Mat. 26. 7. Ioh. 12. 3. But Iudas who was a theef, and kept the purse, murmuring at the expence of so much precious oyntment, was reprehended by Je­sus: Wherefore he went to the High Priest and Scribes and Elders to betray him. Mat. 26. Luk. 22. 3, &c. Jesus having eaten the Passeover, his last Supper, with his Di­sciples went (according to his wont) to Gethshemane (fig, 25.) over the Book Cedron to pray: Mat. 26. 36. Joh. 18. 1. where Judas (with a band of Soldiers, and servants of the High Priest) came, and betrayed him with a kiss. Mat. 26. 49. The soldiers car­ry him into Jerusalem. The next day he is condemned, crucified, and laid in the Grave. Job. 19.

The third day he rose again from the dead, and shewed himself to Mary Mug [...]lene, [Page 50] Joh. 20. 14. &c. and also to two of his Disciples going to Emmaus, (fig. 26.) who came and told it to the eleven Apostles, when they were assembled at Jerusalem: who told them that Peter also saw him. And while they were thus speaking together, He appeared among them, and wished them Peace. Luk. 24. Eight daies after He shewed himself again to his Apostles, and let Thomas feel his wounds, Joh. 20. 27. Af­terwards he appeared the third time to his Disciples at the Sea of Tiberius, that is, the Sea of Galilee. Joh. 21 Jesus having conversed now 40 daies with his Disciples, after his resurrection, went with them to Mount Olives, which is a Sabbath daies journey from Jerusalem, viz. (about a Mile,) towards Bethania And having given them his Commands, declared his Will to them, and finally blessed them. He was taken up in a Cloud, and so went into Heaven. Luk. 24. 50.

The Disciples returned again to Jerusalem, and there kept their Whitson Feast, to­gether, and received the Holy Ghost.

A Discourse upon the Mapp of the Travels of S. PAUL, and other of the APOSTLES.

BEfore you peruse this Discourse and Mapp, be pleased to take notice that for the easier finding out of Places, we have marked whole Countries with hol­low Letters a thus; and Cities with numerical Figures.

[Page 51] It happened that as the Jews in their exile were scattered all over Asia, like co [...] ­strewed on the ground, some seeds also (whether by Land or Sea, or both) fell into Cilicia, (at e in the Mapp) and particularly into the City of Tarsus, (at 7 in the Mapp) Among others of this Nation was a certain Benjamite, a person of good quality, who inhabited here, and from whom descended that Heroick Father of the Gospel called Saul, or Paul, Act. 22. 3. Phil. 3. 5. for such was the custom of those dayes, that most Persons of any note or eminency had more names than one. Hence this Holy Father, was by his Father called Saul, in evidence that he was a Hebrew of the He­brews; and Paulus or Paul, in token that he was born a free man of Rome. Now as this Son grew up, the good old man was not wanting for care sufficient in his educa­tion. And first, the better to grace his priviledge of a Romane Citizen, he bred him up a Schollar in the Academy of Tharsus, (7) and here was it, that he became so ex­pert in the Philosophical Sayings of the Heathen Sages, such as were Aratus, Epime­nides, Menander and others. Act. 17. 28. Tit. 1. 12. But as he grew in years to un­derstand himself, the Wisdom of Man not amounting to enough to make him a Child of God, He was therefore sent away from Tharsus unto Jerusalem (1) to be in­structed in the Sacred knowledge of the Book of God. Here was famous at that time one Gamaliel a Doctor of the Law, and Provost of the Schools in Jerusalem, at whose feet this Tarsian Jew being set, he studyed the Holy Scriptures, and greatly profited in Divine learning, beyond all his Equals and fellow-Studients. Act. 22. 3. Gal. 1. 14. Here was it that whilest he was eager of his way of Learning and Religion, [Page 52] he drew into his head and heart the Doctrine of the Pharisees, who were in those dayes though the most respected with the Popularity, yet the most Hypocritical and Malicious of all the Jewish Sects. Phil. 3. 5, 6.

During these Times the Messiah appeared, as was spoken of by the Prophet Da­niel, (Dan. 9. 25, 26, 27.) and one half of a week of years, or 3 years and odd, he confirm­ed the Covenant with many of the Jewish Nation, until in the midst of the Week he was crucified and slain: and Sacrifice and Oblation ceased. All this while was Saul at Ierusalem, but so intent at Gam [...]liels feet, that this news of the Messias found no re­spect from his ears. Christ was crucified at the great Paschal Feast; and at Pente­cost came the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, and enabled them to speak all Langua­ges, and to work miracles. Now it hapned, that by vertue of these Languages they spake, and the miracles they wrought, so many became their Converts, that by the Feast of Tabernacles a necessity appeared to ordain Deacons to assist them in their Ministery. Of these were appointed first 7 in company, whereof were Stephen and Philip, and Nicanor and others: and after these were made still more and more Dea­cons and Evangelists, such as were Ananias of Damascus, (5) Lucius, Barnabas and o­thers. Act. 6 ch. 9. ch. 13. But as these were zealous in preaching the Gospel, the Jews were as envious in opposing it, and of those opposers Saul of Tarsus was none of the meanest. The first quarrel that brake out into blood, was that of the Synagogue of the Liberrines against Stephen, and this seems to have been at the very next Feast after that of the Tabernacles, at what time Stephen was ordained; and was therefore at lat­ter [Page 53] end of the Feast of Dedication: at what time Stephen being apprehended by those Libertines, was haled before the Councel, and tumultuously condemned, and stoned to death. This was (as it seems by course of Story) much about (and as Tradition tells us, upon) the morrow after the Anniversary Festival of our Saviours Nativity, or on the 26 of Decemb. Thus dyed this Proto-Martyr, and thus was this first Anniver­sary of the Nativity next following his Assension turned into mourning, Act. 7. 54, 55. &c. But devout men in honour of this noble Martyr, would not suffer his body to ly among the bones of malefactors, to be devoured of Dogs, but exposed themselves to the hazzard of the Jews displeasure, by carrying him to buryal with solemne la­mentation, Act. 8. 2. The Persecuters thus exasperated, made great havoke of these sacred Mourners; and some 2000 faithfull Christians slew they in this heat, toge­ther with Nicanor S. Stephens fellow Deacon, besides great multitudes of men and wo­men whom they carryed to prison. Dor. Syn. of the 70 Disciples. Act. 8. 1. 3. ch. 22. 4. ch. 26. 10. Under the Councel who condemned this S. Stephen, was this our Saul it seems a principal Officer, who was present at his examination, and gave his vote to have him put to death, and was especially imployed to see it done: and more than this, being in a zealous fury in a wrong way, was the death of many a good Christian at this time, besides what he imprisoned while he rashly imagined he did God good service by it. 1. Tim. 1. 13. Act. 26. 9, 10. 11. At this time was Saul but a young man; and yet not so young, but he was trusted it seems with some place of Authority, which was not usually bestowed until a man was 30 current, and so by conse­quence, [Page 54] at what time our Saviour was 33 compleat, this Saul was 30 current, and therefore some 4 years younger than Christ.

For 4 weeks lasted this persecution very hot, until most part of the poor Christians being fled from Ierusalem (except the Apostles) were scattered abroad here and there as they could get with safety for refuge of their lives and liberties. But this was so far from hindrance, as it rather proved an advantage to the Gospel, by reason of the scattered Evangelists who preaching as they fled, scattered the news of the Gospel in all parts, as they flew away. Philip the Deacon taught the Samaritans (2) Simon went out towards Tyre (43) and Zidon (48) preaching; Bar [...]abas took towards Cyprus, Lucius towards Cyrene, (x) and Ananias made many Converts at Damascus. (5. Now when the news of these things came to Ierusalem, (1) the Jews were madded at it: And the furious Saul in his fiery zeal, not satisfied in that he had spoiled the growth of Christianity in Ierusalem, unless he might chace it out of the World also, got Letters from Caiphas the high Priest directed unto the Synagogues in Damascus in order to bind and bring away to Ierusalem all whom he found, both men and women who any waies feared not to own the name of Christ. Act. 9. 1, 2. But as many times it hap­pens where the more hast is, there is the less speed, so it was here; for on the 25, day of January, as Saul was going to Damascus, and almost there, Lo a wonderfull bright light appeared round about him, and cast him upon the ground utterly astonished; and a voice was heard speaking unto him as he lay, saying, Saul, Saul, Why persecutest thou me? Now such was the force of this miracle and the voice withal, together with [Page 55] other discourse accompanying; that Sauls heat of persecution was quite cooled, and trembling as he lay, his heart turned within him, and he became obedient immedia [...]ly to all as was commanded him. And being led into the City (for he was struck blind with the light) after three daies fasting and prayer, Ananias the Evangelist [...] came to him by Divine appointment, and baptized him, and also constituted him to be a Preacher of the Gospel. And Saul immediately entred into the Jewish Synagogue, and began to preach up that Doctrine he had afore cryed down so much; and justified those Christians which ere while he had so much condemned. And though the Jews opposed his Doctrine and himself, yet he stood to it, and confounded them by Scripture argu­ments; proving out of the Law and Prophets that that very Jesus whom they had so lately crucified was the very Christ. But all notwithstanding, the Jews would not be convinced, but rather going about to kill him in revenge of his conversion from their way, after certain daies stay he left Damascus, and went into Arabia, (c) where he continued three years, preaching the Gospel in the Dominions of King Aretas. Act. 9. 3, 4, 5, &c. 17. 18. ch. 26. 13, &c. Ch. 22. 6. &c. Gal. 1. 15, 16, 17.

During these years of Saul in Arabia, Philip the Deacon was very successfull in his preaching at Samaria. Hither also came Peter and John the Apostles from Jerusalem, to confirm and settle the Church which Philip had first founded. Here was one Simon a notable Sorcerer first converted by Philip, and then detected by Peter in his hypo­crisie, and publiquely shamed, Act. 8. 5, 6. &c. This was about the Passeover Feast next after Sauls conversion, which coming on, called Peter and John back again to Jerusalem: [Page 56] but Philip went on preaching along the Countrey in the way towards Gaza, (3) and was in the same road, at what time the Feast being ended, a certain Eunuch called Indion, a person of great quality under Candace Queen of Aethiopia, but a Jew­ish Proselite, who was returning from the Feast, by an happy providence fell into Phi­lips way, and that so as to become his convert; and being baptized, carryed away with him into his own Countrey the great tydings of the Gospel. But Philip went on to Azotus, (4) and so to Caesarea, (10) preaching every where as he went. Act. 8. 26, 27, &c. By this time the Church began to enjoy peace and rest, by means of Sauls con­version: The greatest enemy it seems was taken off, and the rest were dampt, Act. 9. 31. And besides, the civil affairs of Judea (a) were not a little disturbed, whereby the Spiritual enjoyed the more leisure. For Philip the Tetrarch being dead, King Are­tas with a great Army invaded Herod, in order to be revenged for the matter of Heredi­as, Herods Concubine, with whom he lived in Incest and Adultery; and by reason of A­reta the daughter of this Aretas, and Herods lawfull Wife, whom he had put away. This came to a battel about the Paschal time, in the 21 year of Tiherius the Empe­rour; and Herod the Tetrarch was greatly foyled and routed, and had been utterly lost, but for the Authority Imperial interposing: Jos. Ant. B. 18. ch. 17. Suet. During these things the holy Apostles minded their business, and as it shall seem devided the Toparchies of Judea amongst them, for the better order in their proceedings. Untill the Church increasing more and more, the Apostles also extended their Walks farther and farther; and ten of them going forth into Galilee, and Samaria, (see the Mapp [Page 57] of Canaan,) and also into Idumea and beyond Jordan. S. James constantly abode at Jerusalem. Eus. Eccl. Hist. B. 2. ch. 1. and S. Peter had the peculiar oversight of all quar­ters of Judea, Act. 9. 26, 27, &c. As for the Deacons and Evangelists, they we [...] out far and neer into all Countries where they could find any Jews, unto whom they might preach Jesus: for hitherto went they to none but Jews, or Jewish Prose­lites. Act. 11. 19. During these times did the Apostles and their Disciples appoint and celebrate those sacred Festivals of the Gospel, which we still observe.

S. Paul was at the Feast of Pentecost, at a private Church where S, James and the Elders were assembled. Act. 21. 18, 19. During this time also sent Pilat to Rome, (46) to give notice unto Tiberius and the Senate, of the marvellous works of Christ, and how he was reported to berisen from the dead, and was esteemed of his Disciples as a God. Eus. Eccl. Hist. B. 2. ch. 2. Also during these years while Saul remained in Ara­bia, Caiphas was laid by from being High Priest, in the 21. year of Tiberius, and in the next year Pontius Pilate was displaced from his Prefecture. Jos. Ant. B. 18. ch. 6.

Three years were now ended since the Assension of our Saviour, and the 4th▪ was some moneths old, at what time Saul having continued almost 3 years in Arabia, re­turned back to Damascus, about the 23 of Tiberius but newly entred, and the 3 [...] of Christs birth about 3 parts run out. But here again finding himself in great danger of his life, by reason of the Jews implacable malice, he was fain to be let down in a basket over the Town wall, and narrowly escaped away with his life, and came to Jerusalem, about the Feast of Tabernacles, 2 Cor. 11. 32. 33. Act. 9. 25. All this while [Page 58] had he seen none of the Apostles, but here (as he came on purpose to find him so ac­cordingly) he met S. Peter. Gal. 1. 16. 17. They at first shunned him at Jerusalem, till Barnabas wrought his introduction among them. Here tarryed he 15 daies during the Feast, and before and after. But after a great deal of labour in vain beslowed upon the stubborn Jews, in order to convince them that Jesus was the Christ, at length Pe­ter and Saul both left Jerusalem together: Saul went down to Cesarea, (6) and from thence all along by Land through Phoenicia (f) Syria, (d) and Cylicia (c) until he came to Tarsus, his native place Act. 9. 26, 27. &c. Gal. 1. 18. &c.

Peter in the mean time went about from Town to Town over all the quarters and Toparchies of Judea, untill he came to Lydda, (8) where he cured one Aeneas, who had been 8 years sick of a Palsie, by a miracle: and after some stay there, he was sent for to Joppa, (9) where by a greater miracle he raised one Dorcas an holy and a singular good woman from the dead. These miracles were no smal furtherance to the fame of the Gospel. Act. 9. 32, &c. 36. &c. But such as were yet stubborn would be stub­born; Wherefore now at length, after that Peter had abode many dayes at this Jop­pa, the other half of the week of years of confirming the Covenant with the Jews being utterly expired, and the Iewish converts dropping in but slowly, until at length there appeared not one more; Then pleased it Almighty God to give warning unto his Apostles hence forwards to leave the Iews, and to turn in unto the Gentiles. This warning by the vision of a strange sheet let down from Heaven, wherein were all man­ner of Beasts and Fowls, and that as well of the unclean sorts, as of the clean, was first [Page 59] made known to Peter; whereby he was given to understand, that hence forwards he might eat of all sorts without distinction. And in the mean time messengers being come from Cornelius a Gentile man, he was warned also to go in unto him, without any more scruple what Countrey man he was, and whether he were Iew or Proselite. And accordingly Peter being obedient unto the vision, went with them: and finding Cornelius and many more Gentiles gathered together, he preached unto them, and they were converted, and the Holy Ghost fell upon them miraculously, and they were baptized, Act. 10: At the same time Barnabas of Cyprus, and Lucius of Cyrene (x) and others, being in far Countries, and moved by the same Spirit preached unto the Gentiles where ever they were, and they came in, and converted to the Faith. Act. 11. 19, &c. Now when the news of these things came first unto Jerusalem, Peter was que­stioned for what he had done, until having given satisfaction of his Divine Warrant, they gave glory to God. &c.

After this the Apostles deviding the World into 12 parts, each of them took his Walk, together with certain Evangelists their assistants, into all parts of the World. S. James the brother of John seems to have gon into Egypt and Marmorica, where he spent those few years his Glass had to run. S. John went into Asia, Dacia, and Panonia. S. An­drew Eastwards as far as Sogdia, and Scythia. S. Philip Northward into Cappadocia, Ibo­nia, and so between these into Scythia. S. Bartholmew Southeastwards into India, and S. Thomas through Persia into China. S. Jude bestowed himself in Mesopotamia, Chaldea, and Arabia. And Simon Zel [...]tus Southwestwards into Mauritania. S. Matthew tarryed [Page 60] at Jerus [...]lem, untill he had written his Gospel in the Hebrew Tongue, and then went after S. James into Aegypt, and so into Aethiopia. S. Matthias sayled over into Macedonia, and Gracia, and from thence into Africa. Ant. Chr. par. 1 Tit. 6. ch. 8. par. 1. Oecu­men. on Acts. Eus. B. 3. ch. 1. Ab. Apost. Hist. B. 7. 9. Dor. Syn. Pet. de Nat. B. 3. ch. 149. S. James tarryed at Jerusalem, but S. Peter steered towards Antioch. (11) and that so as Rome also was in his ey. About this very time dyed Tiberius the Empe­rour at Rome, (46) and Ca [...]us C [...]ligula ascended the throne, in Anno 37. Tac. An. B. 6. ch. 45. Dion. B. 58 Ios Ant B. 18. ch. 7. And this was a little before the Paschal time. S. Thomas about this time, with one Jude his brother, and an Evangelist, going out Eastwards, sent Jude unto Edessa, who miraculously cured King Ag [...]arus of an infirmi­ty which had long vexed him, and converted that King and a great many of his sub­jects. Eus. Eccl. Hist. B. 1. ch. 13, 14. Barnabas went along in S. Peters Walk to Anti­och. (11) and after Easter S. Peter followed Act. 11. 22. Eus. Chron. And because they had here a great harvest of Converts, Barnabas stept aside unto Tarsus, and from thence fetcht Saul also unto Antioch: and by these three were so many Converts baptized, that by reason of the multitudes the Disciples began to be first called Christians at this place, and so spread the name all over the World, where ever the Gospel was di­lated. Act. 11. 26. &c.

Now by that time Peter. Barnabas, and Saul had been one whole year at Antioch,, came Agabus the Prophet thither from Jerusalem, and foretold of a great death, which was to follow over all the World. But with this Agabus came certain weak brethren [Page 61] of the Jews, who either out of tender Conscience or faction, were offended at the en­tring of the Gentiles: as if it had not been lawfull. This weakness S. Peter thought fit to comply with: but Saul was therefore angry. 1 Cor. 9. 20, 21. Gal. 2. 12, 13, 14. Thus hapned this first quarrel amongst these great Fathers; but it was only in matters of discretion, not of Doctrine. And however he found fault at this time, yet at ano­ther time, Saul also himself acted S. Peters part. 1 Cor. 9. 20, 21. After these things was a Collection made at Antioch for the poor Saints at Jerusalem, and Barnabas and Saul carryed it. Act. 29. 30.

It was now Anno 39. at what time Barnabas and Saul continued preaching at Jeru­salem. At this time came forth S. Matthews Gospel in the Hebrew Tongue, and was published for the use of all good Christians. But Saul and Barnabas tarryed at Jerusalem till Anno. 40. And now was it at what time was assembled a great concourse of Peo­ple from all parts: Here was S. Peter from Antioch, and S. James out of Aegypt: and a­mong others the plausible King Agrippa failed not to beat the Feast too: This Agrippa being a very ambitious man, and apt to take over much upon him, had been most shamefully mocked and abused by the Romanes and Aegyptians in Alexandria, and all the Jews there fared the worse for him. And because they could not be suffici­ently revenged of the Romanes and Aegyptians who did them the wrong, it seems therefore they threw the more spite upon the Christians, who were more apt to fall into their hands; not that those Christians had any wayes offended, but meerly for that inhabiting in Alexandria, they also had not been abused as themselves were. And [Page 62] now having found S. James at Jerusalem (who seems to be the Father of those Aegy­ptian Christians) they told Agrippa of him, who by vertue of his interest both with Marullus the Prefect, and the Officers of the Iews, easily laid hands on him, and with­out more adoe sent him away to execution. But such was the magnanimity of this braveman, that death was but a sport with him: and with so much gallantry did he bear it, that the very Soldier that guarded him to the place of execution, was conquer­ed by his Prisoner, and that unto such pitch of admiration, as the man was ambitious to dy with him, in the same cause, and so he did; and thus dyed they nobly together. S. Peter after this, was taken also, and imprisoned, but escaped by a miracle. Act. 12. 1, &c. Eus. Eccl. Hist. B. 2. ch. 9. Clem. Hypot. B. 7. Some say that Barnabas and Saul were also clapt up, and strangely escaped▪ But however, about this Time Saul being in an ecstasie as he was praying in the Temple, was caught up into the third Heaven, where he heard words unspeakable, and finally was commanded to be gon quickly out of Jerusalem, for that the Iews would not receive his testimony, and to go away upon Gods message far thence among the Gen­tiles.Now it does appear that S. Paul wrote the 2d Epist▪ to the [...] in Anno 55, and this trance was 14 year [...] before: It was certainly therefore in Anno 40. And so by consequence the martyrdom of this James was in the same year some time be­fore. Act. 22. 17, &c. 2 Cor. 12. 2, &c. Now from the conversion of Saul unto his return unto Je­rusalem were 3 years, And from that time unto his coming again to bring al [...]s were 11 years, or 14 in all from his conversion. Gal. 1. 17, 18. and ch. 2. 1. Now according to this command Barnabas and Saul went back again [Page 63] to Antioch, and one Titus a Greek was in their company. But there were at this time certain other Evangelists, who in absence of these had taught at Antioch; such as were Lucius, Simon Niger, and Manahen. And now Barnabes and Saul being come thi­ther too, the Holy Ghost spake openly by vision, saying, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work unto which I have called them. Act. 13. 1, 2, &c. About this time Saul seems to be promoted to be an Evangelist. And from hence forward is called Paul.

Anno 41. in the Spring of the year, Barnabas and Paul left Antioch▪ and having one John Mark in company to be their Deacon, went forth to preach the Gospel. And first they came into Seleucia neer the Sea, upon the River [...]tontes; and from thence sayled over Sea unto Salamis (12) in the Isle of Cypras. (g) And after some stay journeyed all over the Island, unto Paphos (13) where Sergius Paulus the Governour held his seat, and who was by these converted to the Faith, having first by miracle conquered one Bar­jesus a Sorcerer, who opposed them; for they smote him with sudden blindness, so that he could not see at all.

Anno 42. in the Spring they crost the Sea again to Perga (14) in Pamphilia. But here Iohn Mark being tyred with the Voyage broke up their company, and returned to Ie­rusalem. Yet Barnabas and Paul went on as far as Antioch (15) in Psidia. (i) Here in vain first preached they unto the Iews; but after turning unto the Gentiles, they were quickly accomodated with crowds of Converts, and that not only of the City, but out of the Countrey also, who were baptized. This took them up no smal space of time, untill finally by the malicious Iews they were driven away out of the coast. [Page 64] Hence therefore carryed they the Holy Gospel unto I [...]onia (16) the principal City of Lycaonia, (k) where some few Iews beleeved, but great multitudes of the Gentiles; wherefore here also tarryed they some space of time, and most probable made up their first year in Asia, (n) Act. 13. 4, &c. About this time S. Peter commending the care of the Church of Antioch to one Erodius whom he left Bishop there, himself de­parted by land through Cappadocia, Galatia, (m) and the rest of Asia, Pontus, and Bathina; finally he came to Rome. 1 Pet. 1. 1, 2. This year also hapned the Famine spoken of by Agabus. Dion. B. 60. Suet. B. 5. ch. 18. Ios. Ant. B. 20: ch. 2.

Anno 43. Barnabus and Paul continued still preaching at Iconia Act. 14. 3, 4. About this time S. Peter being at Rome, [...]ounded an hopefull Church there also. And Simon the Sorcerer came thither also with one Helena his Concubine, who was honoured, by some as much for his Arts Diabolical, as was S. Peter for his Doctrines Divines and was so far advanced by the great ones, that his Image was taken in also amongst their Gods Eus. Eccl. Hist. B. 2. ch. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Anno 44. S. Mark at Rome published his Gospel for the use of that Church. And af­terwards was sent away into Aegypt to govern the Church of Alexandria. Eus. Eccl. Hist, Barnabas and Paul about this time were finally driven away from Iconia, by a ryotous tumult of envyous Iews, and went on preaching to Lystra, (17) where they got great credit by a lame man they cured miraculously. And here also tarryed they some time; until from Antioch and Iconia the Iews pursuing them with mallice and envy rais­ed a party in the Town, and in a tumult stoned Paul, who was yet by miracle restored [Page 65] to life again, and went away with Barnabas the next day for Derbe, (18.) Act. 14. 6, &c. v. 21. &c.

Anno 45. Barnabas and Paul having setled their Church at Derbe in peace and qui­et, left it to the Government of Elders ordained there, and so returned to Lystra, where they spent the rest of the year. Act. 14. 21, &c.

Anno 46. Having ordained Elders at Lystra (among which was Timothy for one) they returned to Ieonium: and doing the like there, finally they came to Antioch, in Pisidia again. This year dyed the blessed Virgin Mary, aged about 60 years; having survived her Sons Assension 14. years, and remained a Widdow about 20. Eus. Chron.

Anno 47. Barnabas and Paul came back again to Perga, and from thence went to Attalia, (19) where also they setled a Church, Act. 14. 24▪ &c.

Anno 48. they returned through Cilicia and Syria unto Antioch in Syria, every where as they went declaring the great things God had done by their Ministery. Act. 14. 26.

Anno 49 Barnabas and Paul still remain at Antioch: But in the mean time certain falacious Iews from Ierusalem disturbed the Church, teaching that without Circumci­sion and other Legal ceremonies the Iews could not be saved. Whence followed great disputes; and finally, Barnabas and Paul were sent to Ierusalem for a determina­tion of the controversie. Here at this time were assembled S. Iames, S. Peter, and S. Iohn, besides who ever else un-named, by whom it was ordained, as in Acts 15. With this Decree Barnabas and Paul together with one Iudas the brother of S. Thomas, and Silas, returned unto Antioch, to the great satisfaction of the Churches. Acts 15. 30, 31.

[Page 66] After these things Barnabas and Paul being about to make a second Voyage into Asia, had some quarrel about Iohn Mark, whom Barnabas desired might be their Com­panion. But Paul refused Upon this so great was the falling out, that they parted assunder▪ and Barnabas with Iohn Mark sayled away for Cyprus: (g) and Paul with Silas departed into Asia. This was Anno 50. early in the year, at what time Paul travelled through Syria and Cilicia, unto Derbe in Lycaonia. Act. 15. 41. ch. 16. 1, &c. Hence went they to Lystra, where Timothy was also taken in company, and so through Phry­gia, (l) and Gallatia, (m) and Bithynia, (p) they made but little stay in Asia, but came to Troas (20) in Mysia. Here they shipt away for the Isle of Samothrace, (21) and thence to Neapolis (22) on the Continent of Tharcia, and so to Philippine (23) in Mace­donia, (q). Act. 16. 11. &c. Here after Lydia and others converted, and a certain Devil cast forth of a Divining maid, they were cast into Prison; but working miracles there too, the Jaylor was converted, and on the morrow they were dismissed. Hence went they to Amphipolis, (24) and so to Apollonia, (25) and thence onwards to Thessa [...]lnica, (26) where Jason and other Jews were converted, and great multitudes of Greeks. But being by unbeleeving Jews disturbed, they departed after 3 weeks stay unto Berrhea, (27) where they made more Converts than at Thessalonica. But the malicous Jews persecuting them from thence also, Paul sayled away by Sea to Athens (28) where he had very famous disputations with the Learned of all Sects and Religions, and converted Dyonisius the Areopagite, and one Damaris a famous Woman, and ma­ny more. Act. 17. 1, &c. From hence Paul wrote the first and second Epistle to the [Page 67] Thessalo [...]ians, for confirmation of that Church. And finally from Athens he went to Corinth, (29) in the Isthmus, where he took up his rest for one whole year and six moneths. Act, 18. 1, &c.

Anno 51. S. Paul had a Vision at Corinth to encourage his preaching. Sila [...] and Ti­mothy he sent into Macedonia to confirm the Churches there. And tarrying at Corinth wrought for his living by making of Tents, with Aqaila and Priscilla, and yet preach­ed constantly in the house of one Justus, which was near the Synagogue: And So­sthenes the chief Ruler of the Synagogue being also converted adjoyned himself unto Paul. But when Gallio was made Deputy a tumult was raised, wherein Sosthenes was hearen; yet Paul tarryed still. Act. 18. 7, &c.

Anno 52. S. Paul left unto Silas the government of the Church of Corinth; and him­self sayled away to Ephesus (32) in Asia. Here, after some reasonings with the Iews, he converted many of the Gentiles. But after some stay, leaving Timothy to govern the Church here, he sailed away into the Isle of Creta, (u) where having also setled a Church, he left it to the care of Titus; and taking ship he sayled directly to Cesarea (10) in Canaan, and so he went up to Jerusalem; where tarrying no longer but meerly to salute the brethren, went directly to Antioch. Act. 18. 18, &c. Here also he made but a very short stay, and began a third Voyage through Gallatia, and Phrygia, con­firming the Churches as he went; but made little stay in a place till he came to Timo­thy at Ephesus. (32) Here instructed he certain Disciples of S. Iohn Baptists, and after 3 moneths in vain reasoning in the Synagogues with the Iews, he preached 2 whole years in the School of Tyrannus, unto the Gentiles.

[Page 68] Anno 53. Paul being at Ephesus did many miracles; and 7 sons of Scera a Iew were fouly foyled and shamed by attempting to cast out Devils in imitation of Paul. Act. 19. 10, &c. About the same time S. Philip the Apostle having preached the Gospel in Cap­padocia, Armenia, Colchis, and Iberia; finally came down to Phrygia, where preaching at Hierapolis the unbeleeving lews and Heathens conspiring against him crucified him there, and stoned him with stones. Eus. chron. & Eccl. Hist. 8. 3. ch. 28. Ant. chr. tit. 6. c. 11.

Anno 54. S. Philip being dead, it seems S. Paul was called to be an Apostle, and was counted amongst the twelve; and ever after find we him write himself Paul an Apostle of Iesus Christ. Being still at Ephesus many were converted: and of the new Converts many who used curious Arts burnt their Books of great price, out of zealous love to the Gospel. But as he was about to depart, a great tumult was raised by one De­metrius a Silver smith, upon the account of interest, but was appeased by the Town Clark. Act. 19. 23, &c.

Anno 55. From hence Paul wrote the first Epistle to the Corinthians, and sent it by Timothy. Act. 19. 22. 1 Cor. 16. 8. But Timothy being returned, Paul left him at Ephe­sus, and went himself into Macedonia, passing by Troas. Hither came he about Pente­cost, and from hence he wrote the second Epistle to the Corinthians 14 years and some­what over since his carrying of almes from Anti [...]ch to Ierusalem. 2 Cor. 2. 12. 1 [...]. 1, 2. Hence also wrote he unto Titus in Crete (u) from Nicapolis (22) in this Countrey. Tit. 3. 12. and here he Wintered. This year S. Peter at Rome utterly foiled Simon the Sor­cerer in the presence of Nero; and the Sorcerer falling from on high perished. Aegesip. B. [...]. ch. 2. Epiphan. tom. 2. Haeres. 21. Abd. Apost. Hist. B. 13.

[Page 69] Anno 56 Paul by the first of the year came to Corinth, where and thereabouts he tarryed 3 moneths. Hence wrote he an Epistle to the Romanes. Rom. 15. 19. ch. 16. 25. Act. 20. 3 Hence went he to Philippi, Rom. 15. 24. where leaving Epaphroditus Govenour of that Church, and Silvanus Bishop of Thessalonica, and one Urbanus over other small Towns. (Phil. 2. 25. Dor. Syn. (After the daies of unleavened bread he went by Sea to Troas, in Asia, where Eutieus being dead was restored to life. Act. 2. 6. Thence went he to Assos, (33) and so to Mityleu [...], (34) to the Isle of Chios, (35) to Sa­mos, (36) to Trogillium, (37) to Micales, (38) to Miletus, (39) Here met him Timothy and the Elders of Ephesus. Act. 20. 16. Hence sayled he away to Choos, (40) and so to Rhodes, (41) thence to Patara, (42) Act. 21. 1. Hence he sayled by Cyprus on the left hand unto Tyre, where Simon one of the 7 Deacons was Bishop. Dor. Syn. Act. 21. 2, 3, &c. Hence sayled he again to Ptolomais, and thence (after one daies stay) to Cesaria, where Philip the Deacon was Bishop. Here was foretold of the ill usage which attend­ed him at Jerusalem; yet went he on thither by Land, where he arrived at the Feast of Pentecost. Act. 21. 21, &c.

During his stay here he submitted to certain Iewish Ceremonies, in order to win the Iews. But being found in the Temple, by certain Jews of Asia, was apprehended in a tumult, and buffetted: but being rescued by Lysias the chief Captain, and found to be a Romane, was sent safe away from Ierusalem to Cesarea; where at an hearing be­fore one Foelix Prefect of Judea, The High Priest and his Oratour accused him of great matters, but could prove nothing. Act. 24. 1, &c. Here Foelix condiscended [Page 70] himself to hear Paul preach the Gospel, yet was not converted. But after two years Foelix going out of place, left S. Paul in prison. S. Peter was in Aegypt, and from Ba­bylon in Aegypt wrote his first Epistle to the dispersed strangers. 1 Pet. 1. 1, ch. 5. 15.

Anno 58 Portius Festus was made Prefect of Iudea, before whom S. Paul was accu­sed a fresh; but he appealed to Caesar. After this, King Agrippa heard him preach, but was only almost converted. Act. 25. ch. 26. But at end of the year S. Paul was ship­ped away for Rome. Act. 27. 1, &c. And sayling by Zidon, (48) so to Cyprus, My [...]a (49) in Pamphilia, (h) where he was put in a ship of Alexandria, (50) and came to G [...]i­das, (51) thence by Salmona, (52) and so Westwards to the Haven in Creta, (u) called Fair havens, (53) neer the City Lasea. (54) Here he admonished the company to Win­ter: but heeding him not, they sailed on, (hoping to Winter in Phenix) (55) unto an Isle called Clauda. (56) After this they had a very solitary Journey for 14 dayes toge­ther: and after all hope of life was past, and the Ship utterly perished, all the per­sons landed safe on the Isle Melita. (58) Here Publius Governour of the Isle was con­verted. Anno 59 S. Paul and all his company sayled thence to Syracuse. (59) thence to Rhegium, (60) so to Puteoli. (61) Here they landed, and travelled to Apiiforum, (62) thence to the 3 Taverns, (63) and so to Rome.

Here S. Paul first preached to the Jews: but they being most of them hardned, he preached two full years to the Gentiles: having liberty to dwell in an hyred house of his own, having only one Soldier for his guard. Act. 28. 1, &c.

Anno 60. He continues prisoner in Rome, and this year he wrote the Epistle to the Galatians. Gal. 1. 1. And likewise he wrote to the Ephesians. Eph. 1. 1.

[Page 71] Anno 62. He was still prisoner, but received dayly the benevolence of the Church­es. Epaphroditus brought him the good will of the Philippians; by whom he returned his Epistle to the Philippians. Phil. 11. 1. Then came Timothy with the alms of Ephesus. And a while after came Onesinus, run away from his Master: by whom S. Paul return­ed the Epistle to Philemon. Then came Epaphras to Rome, and not unlikely be brought with him the alms of the Colossians, to whom be returned an Epistle, sent by Tychicus of Colophon. And finally, after 2 years imprisonment, he came to a hearing before Nero: and though most of his friends fell off, yet was he acquitted; 2 Tim. 4 16, 17. And now being at liberty, some think he prosecuted his Journey into Spain, as he had pro­mised. Rom. 15. 24.

Anno 63. He was in Spain, or in his way thither, preaching the Gospel. This year S. James at Jerusalem suffered martyrdome, in whose place S. Simon his brother was chosen Bishop. Eus. Ecc. Hist. B. 2. ch. 11. & 23. Ios. Ant B. 20. ch. 8. S. Paul in Gallia ordained Cresceus Bishop of Calcedon. Dor. Syn.

Anno 64. S. Paul out of Gallia took shipping, and sayled into Greece.

Anno 65. S. Paul in Macedonia visited the Churches: and landed at Troas i [...] Asia, where Carpus was Bishop. He left him his Cloak and certain parchment writings, and went up into Phrygia, unto Laodecea, and from thence wrote his first Epistle to T [...]mothy; at Ephesus. 1 Tim. 3. 14. 15. promising shortly to come thither to him. But it fell out otherwise; For in the mean time the news arriving of the persecutions ar R [...]me, he leaving off all farther thought hasted to be there. And accordingly, going from Lao­dicea [Page 72] to Miletum. There he left Trophimus one of his Companions sick. Hence he sail­ed away to Corinth, where Erastus tarryed for him by appointment. 2. Tim. 4. 20. And hence he sayled away to Rome, where S. Peter also met him. In the meantime the poor Christians in Rome were crucified, torn with beasts, and burnt in fire. Tac. An. B. 15. ch. 44. But S. Paul at Rome greatly encouraged, and so did S. Peter. From hence S. Paul at this time wrote his second Epistle to Timothy, desiring his company.

S. Paul was clapt up a prisoner, betrayed by Alexander the Coppersmith of Ephesus. 2 Tim. 4. 14, 15. Demas forsook the Faith.

Anno 66. S. Peter and S. Paul were both prisoners at Rome. Timothy and Trophi­mus came to Rome to S. Paul.

Anno 67. June 29. S. Peter was crucified with his head downwards; and Olympas and Rhodion his companions suffered with him. S. Paul was beheaded; and with him suffered his companions Aristarchus, Trophimus, and Pudens. Eus. Ecc. Hist. B. 2. ch. 25. Tertul. in Apol. ch. 5. Dor. Syn.

Thus ended the travels of this painful Father, after he had spent some 32 years in preaching the Gospel: and had run over many thousands of miles by Land and Water for the promulgation thereof.

The History of JERUSALEM.

BAbylon and Rome were not so much famed for their atchievements Warlike but Jerusalem was as famous as either, and beyond them both for Stories Sa­cred and miraculous. She stands in account for Antiquity far beyond Rome and but a few years on this side the confusion of Tongues; much of the same date with the City of Babylon: for according to the reckoning of Calistenes in his Let­ter to Aristotle from Babylon, at what time it was taken by Alexander, That this City had stood 1903 years. And according to this computation was Babylon found­ed some few years after the confusion. when [...]m passed over Euphrates, with the Canaanites, Mitsraimites, and Phutites, all following towards Egypt, whereof Cana­an dropt by the way, and seated in the Holy Land. In this pleasant and most fertile Countrey the numerous Off-spring of these prophane Canaanites overspread them­selves: and called it in parcels, each Tribe after his Fathers name; but remembring the whole Countrey by the name of their Grandsire Canaan. Here several of his Sons built Cities: among others Jebus built one, and called it Jebus, which some time after was called Jerusalem, Some are of opinion this City was first called Salem or Solyma, and that it had the name in the dayes of A­braham. But it seems a mistake in the Ancients. For [...]st it was called Jebus in the dayes of Oth [...]l, after Joshua was dead. Jud. 19. 10. and this was a long time after the dayes of Abraham. And therefore either it had been called Salem for some time only by way of interrupti­on to the name of Jebus, or else was never so called. For Jebus the father of the Jebusites was some hundreds of years elder than Abraham. But then how should this interruption come? or indeed how could the Priest of the most high God by any reasonable possibility at any time so interrupt and thrust in as to found a City of his own amidst this prophane people? For either he was descended of some of the Canaani [...]ish Tribes, or from some other. If from the Canaanites, How came he to be in such a Sacred place, as Priest of the most high God? Or was there possibly some sacred Person amidst that most cursed People? Yet why so eminently was he called Priest of the most high, as if none but He, or at lest so as He? And that too while Shem the son o [...] Noah was yet living; of whom Noah said Blessed be the Lord God of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant. And God perswade Japhet that he may dwell in the tents of Shem? Was this Melchizedeck a greater man than Shem, Gen 9. 26, 27? Or was he Sh [...]m himself? If so, How came be to seat there amongst the Canaan [...]? or at least, How came to be a Priest there, where he had no People; o [...] but few to dwell within his Tents? Or how came he to pitch his Tents there where those who would be perswaded to dwell in them could not aptly be admitted to come at him? No, therefore (though with submission to our Elders, and under favour of their correction we speak it) this was not that Salem where Melchizedeck was Prince. There was another Salem in the land of Canaan. But rather this man was Melchisalem as he was Melchizedeck King of Peace, [...] he was King of righteousness, or a Prince Peaceable, rather than Prince of any City called Peace; and seems indeed to have been that very Shem the son of Noah, who at eldest of his own Tribe, was the great Priest of Priests under God, over all those who descended from his own Loin [...] as this Abraham did. or Hierosolyma. The authour of the Book of Joshua remembers it by this name; but then was it only for that this sacred Pen­man [Page 74] called it as it had the name in his own age wherein the writer lived, and not as it was in the dayes of Iohsua. For until this City was con­quered by K. David, and established his Royal seat, we find no other name it had but Iebus only: from whence the Conquerour called it af­ter himself Kiriath David, or the City of David. And under that name was it known all the daies of that famous King, and after, untill K. Solomon en­larged and beautified the City, and adorned it with the sacred and never enough to be admired Temple of God therein, which became more fa­mous all over the World than ever was that one of the 7 Wonders of the World the huge Temple of Diana at Ephesus. Now by reason of these no­ble additions of Salomon, and for that [Page 75] it was an embleme of this Princes most peaceable reign, and more for that it was enriched with the most sacred Temple of Peace, wherein all People were to make attonement for their sins in order to obtain their e­verlasting peace with God, it was e­ver after called Hierosolyma in the He­brew tongue, which was as much as to say the Inheritance of Peace, or the vision of Peace; And such especially was it in the daies of our Saviour, when the Peace of God which pas­seth all understanding was preached, and seen there reigning. Phil. 4. 7.

This City was held by the Iebusites while it was called Iebus, from the year of its first foundation untill the taking thereof by K. David about 1170 years, reckoning from about 20 or 30 years after the confusion, or about 120 or 130 after N [...]hs Floode at what time Jebus under his father Canaan sat down in those parts. After reigned here

 years
King David33.
King Solomon son of David40.
Rehoboam son of Solomon.17.
Abijam son of Rehoboam3.
Asa son of Abijam41
Jehoshaphat son of Asa25
[Page 76] Anion son of Manasseh2.
Josiah son of Anion31
Athalia Wife of Ahaziah6
Joash son of Ahaziah40.
Jehoram together with his Father 4 and after him4.
Ahaziah son of Jehoram1.
Amaziah son of Joash29
Uzziah son of Amaziah52.
Jothan son of Uzziah16.
Ahaz son of Jothan under his Father and after16.
Hezekiah son of Ahaz92.
Manasseb son of Hezekiah55
Jeheohaz son of Josiah 3m.00
Jeboiakim brother of Jeho.11.
Jehoiachim son of Jehoiachim 3 moneths and ten days00.
Zedekiah brother of Jehoia.11.
And after one year more fol­lowed the Captivity1.

The whole sum of these times was 463 years and 6 moneths and 10 daies, where­of 390 years were from the rebellion of the ten Tribes unto the Captivity, and the 33 years of David, 40 of Salomon, and 6 moneths of Rehoboam before the rebellion made out the rest. Only the 10 daies were nothing else but so many dayes excess of one year, wherein the Sun went backwards in the dayes of Ahaz.

At the end of these years came the Caldeans from Babylon, and utterly destroyed both City and Countrey, and Kingdom and People. In the midst of his 11 year was K. Zedekiah taken, and his children now slain before his face, and finally his eyes put out, and he ended his dayes in bondage. Ier. 52. 6. But in the midst of the next year both City and Temple suffered by Fire: And yet not so but that the sacred Vessels were preserved; only with the Citizens suffered they all like fate, and were carryed away into captivity. Ier. 52. 12, 13. Ezek. 33. 21. After all this, yet held out Gedalia one part of a year, as Vassal to the Caldeans; until by the end of the year he was slain by Ismael. The remainder of the People fled away into Aegypt, and carryed Ieremiah the Prophet with them. Ier. 43. Then sang the Prophet his lamentable Song, Lam. Ieremiah ch. 1. &c.

[Page 77] 70 years lay this city desolate, and all the countrey ruinate, the walls were pulled down, and the houses became meer ashes and rubbish: the Owl lodged there, and the grass grew in the streets for want of Passengers to tread it down: the Trees bore all manner of fruit, and yet rotted the Apples Pears and Plumbs for want of hands to pluck them: the Ground brought forth plenty of Herbs and Grass, which wither­ed to Earth again for want of mouths to eat it up: and Weeds grew every where in steed of Corn, for want of People to till the Ground. And thus continued it until the Land had her fill of Sabbaths, for 70 years time that it la [...] thus desolate. 2 Chron. 36. 21. During these times while the People were captive at Babylon reigned over these wasts Nebuchadnezzar 25 years. Evilmerodach his son 28 years. Belshazzar his sons son 17 years. 2 Chron. 36. 20.

At the end of the 14 year of Belshazzar, came Cyrus King of Persia, and Darius the Median Prince, and laid siege unto Babylon, for 3 years together: At the end of which was Belshazzar drinking Wine in the holy Vessels of Gods Temple, and making mer­ry with his Whores in Babylon, when the Hand-writing appeared on the Wall, made him tremble for feat. And the night after (Cyrus having drained the River Euphrates dry,) the city was taken, and Belshazzar slain. Dan. 5. And then reigned Darius 1 year. On that year was it Daniel the Prophet set himself to seek the Lord by Fasting and Pray­er, for that he had understood by Books, that the 70 years were clean run out, in or­der that the People might be restored again, every man to his own city and countrey, and that the Temple and City might be restored. Dan. 9. Immediately was this Prayer [Page 78] heard: and on the same year dyed King Darius. And Cyrus coming in place gave order for the return out of captivity. And accordingly the Gold and Silver and Ves­sels of the Temple being delivered up into the hands of Zerobabel, they lost no time, but immediately came away, rejoycing for the good hope that God had given them.

[...] first year could they do but little more than set them up poor hutts to lodge [...] they were carrying away the Rubbish, to lay the foundation of the Tem­ [...] [...] congratulate their return one with another. The second year they went on [...] with the re-edification of the Temple. And so the third, untill the command [...] to forbear. Then had these (poor Strangers as yet in their [...] lament their hard hap, that the house of God should stand only in [...] the naked walls, without a roof. Thus it continued all the dayes of [...] his absence in Aegypt under the Mages, and after that all the while [...] otherwise called Artaxerxes held Babylon against Darius Hystas­ [...] [...] years. During these times the Jews built them houses in Ieru­ [...] [...] [...]lling, until reproved by the Prophets Haggai and Zachariah, [...] Darius after the Babilonion Rebel was overthrown, they began [...]; and were incouraged by the King. In 5 years space was [...] in 2 years more the Courts were compleated After [...] this City still rising into Beauty and Honour more and more, [...] her self again: only still she b [...]oaned her naked body [...] was the goodness of God, that no sooner were the Streets [Page 79] made ready, and the Houses finished in their order, but the heart of the King of Per­sia favoured so far as to allow them Walls too. And to this purpose Nehemiah came with Commission to see it done.

Thus rose this Phenix out of her Ashes, after she had slept in Rubbish many years, and like a Virgin she began to sing again for 62 weeks of years, or 434 years, until the comming of the Messiah. During these times were chief Rulers of Jerusalem and principal of the Sanedrim there, and High Priests.

Rulersyears
Jerubabel son of Shealtiel58
Rhesa Meskullum son of Zarub.66
Johannab [...]n Rhesa54
Hir [...]anus son of Joham [...]14
Joseph son of Hir [...]anus7
Abner son of Joseph11
Mattathias son of Abner12
Azarmahat son of Mat.9
Artarat Naum son of Azar10
Haggai Eli. son of Nahum8
Mas [...]t Nahum son of Haggai7
Amos Sirah son of Mas [...]14
Mattathias Silea son of Amos cal­led in Josephus The [...]hilus1 [...]
Joseph Arses son of Mat. [...]0
[...]anna Hir [...]anus son of Joseph in­terrupted by Antioch [...] Epip [...] ­nes fled and slew himselfe16
Judas Mac [...]abeus son of Mattathia [...] [...]ood up in defence of the Jews against the abomina [...]ion intro­duced by Antioc [...]us Epiphanes in the daies of Janna and after Janna was dead2
Judas slain Jonathan his brother des [...]ndeth14

High Priestsyears
Jesus son of Josedech56
Joak [...]m son of Jesus who officiated under his Father at what time Holofernes Head was cut off by Judeth. And in whose time the building went foreward again48
Elia [...]hib son of Joakim21
Jehojada son of Eliashim24
Johanan son of Jehojada whose brother Manasses married the daughter of Sa [...]ballat24
Joddus son of Johanan in the daies of Alexander the great,14
Onias son of J [...]ddus21
Simon son of Onias13
Eleazar brother of Simon33
Manasses Brother of Omas and Un­kle unto Simon and E [...]azar the High Priest15
Omias, II14
Simon the just, son of Eleazar10
Onias III son of Simon the just39
Onias basely murdered his Brother Jason4
Mene [...]us another Brother obtained by bribery [...]
Alcimus a stranger held the High Priesthood [...]
Alcimus dead there was no H. Pr. [...]

Rulers, and High Priestsyears
But in the first year of Alexander Pal [...] King [...] of Syria. Jonath [...] was made both H▪ Priest and Governour [...]
Simon brother of Jenathan Governour and H Priest [...]
Simon slain, John son of S [...]on Governour and H. Priest31
John sirnamed Hircan [...] dead, Aristobulus his son was king and H. Priest [...]
Aristobulus dead Jann [...]s Alexander his brother King and H. P. [...]
Alex. dead Salome his wife was Queen 9. and Hircanus son of Alex H P.9
Salome dead, Aristobulus took away both Kingdome and H. Priesthood from his elder brother Hircanus and held5
Jerusalem taken by Pompey the Roman Aristob [...] and his sons were taken Prisoners, and Hircanus was made King and H Priest again21
Antigonus son of Aristolulus by ayd of the Parthians was King and H. P. [...]

Rulersyears
Her [...]d son of Antipate [...] the Idum [...] was made King by the Senate of Rome and warred upon Antigo­ [...]us all his time
Antigonus slaine Herod reigned39
In time of this Herod was Jesus Christ born at Bethelem
Archelaus son of great Herod5
He deposed. Cop [...]nius the Roman was made Govenour3
M. Ambivius Governed2
A [...]. Rufus Governed2
Valerius Gratus under Tib [...]t11
Pontius Pilat by whom Christ was crucifyed11
M [...]c [...]llus2
Mar [...]llus4
Herod Agrippa was King of all Palestine
Cuspius Fadus Governed3
Tiberius Ale [...]nder2
Ventidus Cumanus3
Antonius Foelix7
Under whom S. Paul was prisoner P [...]rticus Festus3
Albinus2
Gessius Florus under whom began the rebellion of the Jews3
Vespatian who overcame the Jews▪
Titus son of Vespatian under who [...] the City and Temple [...]erebur­ned1
Lu [...]ius Bassa who reduced [...]assad [...]
The To [...]587

High Priestsyers
Anancel made H. Priest by Herod1
Aristobulus grandchild to Hircanus 1▪
He drownded by command of He­rod Anancel held again9
Jesus son of Fab [...]us after him held3
Simon son of [...]oethus Father in law of Herod19
Mattathias son of Theophilus1
During this year Zacha [...]ias the Fa­ther of S. John Baptist efficiated under Mattathias on the Fast day only
Joaz [...] son of Simon B [...]ethus held2
Eleaxer brother of [...]3
Jesus son of Sea2
Annas son of Sethi [...]7
Ismael1
Elea [...] son of [...]1
Sim [...]1
Joseph sirnamed Cai [...]ph [...] son i [...] law of Annas17
Jonathan son of Annas2
The oph [...]lus brother of Jonathan5
Simon1
Nattath [...]1
Ae [...]neus1
Simon1
Joseph [...]
Ananias son of Na [...]deus [...]
Ismael5
Ananias son of Annas1
Jesus [...]
Jesus son of Gama [...]1
Mattathias6
Phanes a man of lov degree during the sledge1
No body for2
The Total583

[Page 81] Thus was the Goverment of Jerusalem ordered by the Rulers and Priests during th [...]se times, untill the day came of the utter subversion thereof. During the Persian Monarchy she saw but few evil days. In the days of King Artaxexes Longhand, there was one Haman son of Hamedatha the Aggagite, who was in danger to have undon the whole Nation of the lews all the Worldover. But by the goodhand of God, and by the means of Queen Esther and Mordica that cloud happily blew over. (See the Book of Esther.) This was some few years before the comming of Nehemiah to restore the Walls of Jerusalem. For that commission of Nehemiah by favour of this Queen Esther was procured: (Nehem. 2. 6. In these days lived Judith of Bethulia, a very famous Woman: this was she who cut off the head of Holifernes. This Holifernes was a great Commander General under Nabochodonozor: And that Nebocho­donozor reigned at Babylon, during the time of King Darius at Susha [...] in Persia, and rebelled against the King of Persia. And during this rebellion having vanquished one Arphaxad a De­puty Prince of Media, under Darius, he waxed proud, and sent Holofernes out Westward against Judea, and others; while himself made head against the Persians. But this Holofernes perishing, being over witted by Judith, (Judith [...]1. ch 2. &c.) Nabochodonozor was vanquished by Darius, and finally being shut up in Babylon was betrayed by Zopuras: And Darius reigned overall. Herodiat. B. 1. And in the second year after this, was that second of Darius, at what time the building of the Temple went forward. Ez. 6. After this lived Judith some 70 years or more into the reign of Darius Nothus, during all which time none made the children of Israel afraid. nor of a long time after Judith. 16. 25. In the days of Artaxerxes Ochus there was one Bagoses who was Lievetenant to the King of Persia in these parts who came to Je­rusalem, and threatned somwhat: the reason was because of Jonathan the H. Priest who had [Page 82] [...]lain his brother Manasseh, for that Manasseh had [...] a daughter of Sanballar, of Sa [...]aria, and contended with him for the Priesthood Jos. Ant. Neh. 13. 28. But when Alexander gat the Empyre, Sanballat got the start of the Jews, and having opportunity by the foretop, struck in with the Conquerour, and incensed him against them. But as Alexander lay before Gaza, Sanballat dyed before the walls thereof, and missed of his will, to see his ends upon the Jews accomplished. Howbeit Alexander having mastered Gaza came against Jerusalem in great wrath. But Jaddus being H. Priest at that time, came out of the City in his Priestly robes to meet him: whom Alexander no sooner saw, but his wrath turned all to reverence. For ha­ving afore dreamt of just such a person, as soon as he saw him, he remembred his dream and▪ doing him great honour left also noble marks of his curtesie behind him at Jerusalem. Jos. Ant. But Alexand [...]r being dead Ptolomeus Lagus Lord of Aegypt was not so civil; For he coming upon the City upon the Sabbath day while they made no defence took his advantage of their superstition, and surprized the City, and made the Citizens his captives, and carryed away many prisoners of them into Aegypt. Jos. Ant. Yet the next year Antigonus got away this City from Ptolomy again, And now was a very bad time with the Jews, for Palestine lying [...] the mid way between Syria and Aegypt, it was an apt prey unto whom soever was Conque­rour. And thus somtimes the Egyptians were their Lords, and otherwhiles the Syria [...]s; but both ways the Jews were slaves. Jos. Ant. Dan. 5. 6. &c. Until in the end, Ptolomeus having utterly routed Antigonus, enjoyed whole Palestine in peace. After him Ptol. Philadelphus held it, who did the Jews much honour, and caused the famous translation of the old Testament into the Greek tongue by the Septuagint. J [...]s. Ant. [...] Chr [...] After Philadelphus held Pt. Ever­ [...] all his time in whose time Jesus son of [...] wrote his Book called [...]. But [Page 83] [...] called the great; disturbed [...] away the whole Country from Epiphanes his son, yet shewed kindness to the jews, J [...]s. Ant. [...]n. 11. 13. For [...] having oppressed them, they m [...]te aptly complyed with [...]. Dan. 1. 14. But the son of this Antiochees called Ephiphanes, was a bloudy persecuter, who pol­tuted the Sanctuary of the most High, and took away the dayly Sacrifice, and set up the abominations of [...], for the space of [...] thousand and two hundred days. Dan. 11. 31. & 8. 11, 12, 13, 14. and made havock of the People of Jerusalem, killing and carrying away captives, and compelling them to sacrifice to Idols, until few of them were left. [...]. Mac. 1. 2. Mat. 5. These were bitter [...] and comparable to the daies of the Bayb [...]ni [...]ns or worse, until Judas [...] and his br [...] ­thren with a smal help stood up and adventured their lives for the law of God; and did wonders, and cleansed the alter of God, and restored religion Dan. 8. 14. ch 11. 34. Jos. Ant. 1 Ma [...]. 4. this Judas spent his life in fighting Gods battels and was victorious▪ and after him Jonathan his brother did the like, and got ground and became famous, untill he was basely murd [...]d by [...]. But Simon another brother cast out the Gentiles from the holy City, and restored Jerusalem and the worship of God, and from this time foreward once again began the Jews to be their own masters, and to give laws to their neighbour Princes. 1 Mat. 13. Jos. Ant. B. 13. ch. [...]1. Yet this Simon was also slain by treachery. 1 Mat. ch. last▪ But his [...] John revenged [...], and grew great and prevailed against the syrians J [...]s. Ant. B. 11. [...] 15 and let his [...] his eldest son. This man would be called King, but dyed after one year [...] [...] and Alexander his brother succeeded him, who [...] with the Syrians and his one rebel­lious subjects 27 years. Before these times the Jews were grow [...] famous for skill and know­ledge, and that especially in d [...]ine things▪ In the return from captivity [...] famous [Page 84] Scribe; or a great learned man, E [...]r. 7. 6. after him rose up Simon the just, a great promoter of learn­ing Eccl. 1. 50. After him followed Antigonus Socheus; This man was zealous of Gods law, and had many followers. But all zealots are not so holy as they seeme, for from this corrupted zeal sprang up the Pharisees. Amongst others was one Sadoc scholar of Ant [...]gonus, who yet in the end wearyed with the strict life of religion, fell off, and became the Father of the Sadducees, John Hircanus the H. Priest being vexed with the insolencies of the Pharisees, became a profes­sed Sadduce, and so his sons after him. But in the days of this Alexander the Pharisees were so popular that they gave law to the King him self, and occasioned him many stirs and troubles. After Alex [...]nder, S [...]lome his Wife reigned some years, but she dead, Aristobulus the yonger son was very troublesome, and put his elder brother besides the Throne▪ But in those days came Pom­pey the great into Syria, in persuit of his conquests, and taking advantage of the disorders a­mong the Jews took Jerusalem, and prophaned the Temple with his presence, and left them in servitude of the Romans. After a while came Crassus by in his Parthian expedition, and robd the Temple. But in the end Herod the son of Antipater an Edomite, a man of base and mean parentage procured the Kingdom by craft and good Fortune, and reigned many years. At latter end of his time was Jesus Christ born. In these daies flourished this City of Jerusalem in wealth, peace, and honour, as well as in all manner of wisdom and knowledge: Only the Jews could not be contented, being under the authoritie of this stranger, and swayed by the Roman power Jos. Ant. Luke [...]. 5. But alass, their pride was far a greater mischief to them than their sla­very. For that notwithstanding, they enjoyed liberty, and plenty, but by means of this they could not receive Christ, and so lost that liberty he brought them from Heaven. For whilst God Almighty presented them with a greater treasure than ever the world knew before, besides, [Page 85] or since, so over-wise were they in their own eyes that they despised it. Jo [...]. 1. 11. Now was this City the happiest City in all the World, had she but known her own happiness, wherein it lay, and when she was well. Happy was she in her strength of walls, and strength of hands within those walls, happy in her wealth, and happy in her peace, happy in her stately stree [...]s, but happyer in the rarest and richest Temple that ever eyes heheld, but infinitely beyond all these, happyest in that the ever blessed Saviour of the World was come among them, and taught them in that Temple the doctrine of peace and eternal life. Zac. 9. 9. Mat. 21. 5. &c. 9 &c. Ah, but they knew not the things that belonged unto their peace when that day was, and therefore hence forward was it hid from their eyes: And therefore was it foretold what the enemy should do unto them, and how the days should come wherein one stone should not be left upon another, of all the goodly buildings she had to be proud of. Luk. 9. 41, 42, 43. ch. 21. 6. And accordingly so it came to pass.

Forty yeary under the type of forty daies, God had promised to beare the [...] of the house of Judah. Ezek 4. 6. An this seemed to be fulfilled at this time: For so many years bearing dare from the murder of Christ, unto the final destruction of the Jews were fulfiled. In the year of Christ 32 fulfilled and 33 current was our Saviour crucified, the Jews crying out to Pon­tius Pilat, saying, his bloud be on us, and on our children, Mat. 27. 25. And many years after this went away these murderers, with their wiped mouths, as if they had done no hurt. And the A­postles and other disciples of Christ were some killed, and others imprisoned and persecuted from place to place, and yet still went these away, no man questioning ought that they had done. But as these 40 years began to grow on, so vengance began to draw upon this un­gratefull people; and first like a gathering cloud it hovered over head, and shed its drops round [Page 86] about Jerusalem, before the City it self was washed with its bloudie shower. The first after Christ, death who felt this lowring vengance were the Jews at Rome, who being detected in certain treacheries upon one Fulvia a noble Lady of Rome, and complanied on to Tiberius the Emperour by S. [...]arnius the Ladies husband: All the Iews of Rome for the sake of those few faulty were ba­nished, slaughtered, and driven into Sardinia, to the number of many thousands, Jos. Ant. B 18 ch. 5. Next unto these the Iews of Alexandria upon a trifling quarrel in the daies of Caius the Emp. for 3 years together were continually persecuted, with scornes, robberies, slaughters, and exile, unto an infinite loss both of wealth and bloud. Phil. Jud. in his second B. of virtues. Jos. Ant B. 1 [...]. ch. 10. After this, about the beginning of Claudius the Iews at Babylon in Caldea followed the same fate, suffering the slaughter of many thousands, until the survivers escaped thence int [...] Seleucia. But here too at 5 years end, both Greeks and Syrians fell upon them at once, and [...] of them more than 50000. men, Thence fled the escaped remnant to Ctesiphon, but here [...] Nations joyned together against them, drove them away to the strong holds of Nearda, and Ni­sibis. Jos. Ant. B. 18. ch. 12. After this Jerusalem began to feel woo too, For in the days of C [...] ­manus the Govenour, by means of a quarrel with the Centinel at the Temple gate were 20000 men slain at the Passeover time. Next in the time of Foelix the Govenour were many quarrels and slaughters both at Jerusalem and Cesarea, Jos. Ant B. 20. ch. 4. ch. 6. 7. 8. But as the 40 years grew nearer up, finally came Gessius Florus in the reign of Nero to be Govenour of Jerusa­lem, who as if he had made it his business to pick quarrels with them, gave himself wholy to bloud and rapine. In the 21th of Nero and 6 [...]th of Christ, were many thousand Jews slain by this mans meanes at Cesarea. And a while after the persecution following to Jerusalem, there those noble Iews who had the honour of Roman Knighthood, yet could not escape the lash of Florus, [Page 87] but by publique whipping and murder many perished. But these were but beginning of sorows▪ Jos. of the warrs. ch. 13. 14. 15. Hence presently the wars broke out, And as if all Nations had hated the Iews, and were glad of the oppertunity, in all places presently they began to slaugh­ter them: at Cesarea the Syriaus slew 20000. Iews, and at Scythopol [...] the inhabitants slew 13000. more of them, at As [...]a [...]on they slew 10000, at Ptol [...]mais 20000, at Tyrus, a great many, and so at Gadara [...] at Alexandria the old grudge revived and the Greeks and Egyptians there slew 50000. Cestius Gallus burnt and spoyled the City Zo [...]lon [...] Gallus slew 2000 in Asamon, and C [...]sti­ [...]s 8000. more in Ioppa; at Damascus were slain 10000 [...] Govenour of Askelon slew in bar­rle 10000 at one time, and 8000 at another Ios. [...]. B 2 ch. 16, 17, 18, &c. B. 3 ch [...]. After this came Vespotian into Gallile, and wasted the Countrie, took Gadara and killed without mercy: Titus his son slew 15000 Iews at [...] took [...] and slew there 40000 men, a [...]. Joppa perished by shipwrack and slaughter 4200 at Tarich [...]a upon the lake were slain and taken captives above 13000. men and at [...] perished 9000 more, and at Gis [...]ala 5000. were [...]ain and taken captives. In the 13th year of Nero, Gadir [...] was taken a second time, and 15000. Iews were slain and taken captives there Next, at [...] perished 10000. and 1000 captives. And lastly at [...] and thereabout followed great slaughters J [...]s of the war. B. 3. ch. 4. 6. 11. 12. 1 [...]. 16. &c B. 4 ch. 1. 3, 4, 5, 6. But now a while some intermission happening un­to these slaughters by meanes, of [...] absence, yet great slaughters and Opression reigned at Jerusalem by reason of seditious Tyrants arising from among them­selves, with these joyned the Idumeans who slew great numbers of the Iewish Nobility, Jos. of th [...] [...]ar B. 4. ch. 5. 6. 7. B, 5. 1. 7. B. 6. [...]. But in the first of Vespatian the Emperour and 70th o [...] Christ the Iews from all parts of the World were assembled at the feast of the Passeover at Jeru­salem, [Page 88] at what time Titus came with his armie and shut them in with a close seidge. Now after various success, and much slaughter on both sides, on the 7th of May, the Romans brok down the outward wall, and took the new City; on the 12th of May he took the second wall, but lost it again, but on the 15 he took it and kept it, and with it gained all the lower City, After this followed grievious Famine in the higher City: 600000 men were publiquely burryed in the Ci­ty, besides what in private. A bushel of corn was sold for 600 crowns, and the dung of Oxen was an excellent dish in those days. But during these afflictions on the 5th of July the Romans took, the Fort Antonia. Then began the women to eat their own children for hunger. And the men dropt down dead as they walked in the streets. On the 8th of August the Temple was taken, and fired. And then was all the lower City burnt into ashes. And lastly, on the 7th of September was also the higher Citie taken and burnt. Jos. of the war. B. 6 B. 7. during this siedge were 1100000. slain, and in this War were taken 97000 captives, besides many millions that perished in silence, Thus ended this famous City in the 38 year after Christs death. And thus perished those cursed Jews as they had wished, saying, his his bloud be on us, and on our children. Ten years after this some Forts still held out. But in the year 72. and 40. ended since Christs murder was Massada taken, and all Judea left desolate. Yet after this, beginning to people again, they rebelled in the reign of Hadrian, but were therefore utterly driven the Countery, and Ierusalem was rebuilt up­on Mount Ca [...]vary; and called Aelia, but no Iews might come there anymore.

FINIS.

In the Table of Kings fol. 76. the first Collum [...]e is false printed. And must thus be corrected Jehoram and Ahoziah should begin the Collumne Athalia and [...] should follow Ahaziah. And [...] should begin the third Columne.

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