[Page] APOCALYPSIS: OR, THE REVELATION Of certain notorious Advancers OF HERESIE: Wherein their Visions and private Revelations by Dreams, are discovered to be most incredible blasphemies, and enthusiastical dotages: Together with an account of their Lives, Actions, and Ends. Whereunto are added the effigies of seventeen (who excelled the rest in rashness, impudence and lying,) done in Copper Plates.

Faithfully and impartially translated out of the Latine by J. D. The Second Edition.

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Printed for John Saywell, and are to be sold at his shop, at the sign of the Grey-hound in Little Britain, and at the Pile of Bibles in the Stocks Fish-market, looking into Lombard-street, over against the Post-house, London, 1658.

TO THE Excellently Learned, EDWARD BENLOWES OF Brenthall in Essex Esquire, &c.

Worthy Sir,

I Have here presumed to pre­sent you with a strange and bloody Tragedy of Here­ticks and Enthusiasts, writ­ten in Latine by a most ele­gant pen, by one who hath concealed his name, as I conceive out of this rea­son, that, living near the times and pla­ces of this representation, it might have proved dangerous to him to have publi­shed it. Here you have Religion brought upon the stage in very strange disguises, nay they make her act parts the most cō ­trary to her nature, imbruing her white & innocent hands in blood, & Massacres. But as she hath met with Wolves to de­stroy and tear in pieces, so hath she also met with Shepheards to heal and protect, and among those the most laborious [Page] Author of [...] AN [...]EBEIA hath not bin the least considerable. His severe and most indefatigable labours in most parts of Learning, are consummated in this piece of Religion, wherein like an expe­rienced Anatomist, he hath left no vein un-cut up. To fall into excessive com­mendations of him, were to commit a moral absurdity, by praising one whom the general Trumpet of Fame hath blaz'd abroad for so great an advancer of Virtue and Learning; But to trouble you with them, were yet to be so much the more importunate, whose conversa­tion with him was so great, that whatso­ever I may say of him, I shall not ac­quaint you with so much as your self know. Nor did the influence of your Patronage raise and animate onely him, but there are so many other monuments of your great encouragements to learn­ing, that it will be thought modesty in me not to mention all. But your excessive Benefactorship to the Library of S. Johns Colledge at Cambridge (whereof I have sometimes had the honour to be an unworthy member) I cannot passe over, as a thing, which will stand upon the file of memory, as long as learning shall find professors or Children. And that which [Page] increases the glory of your munisicence, is, that that Library may boast that it is furnished with the works of its owne sonnes, which, being the greatest act of retribution and gratitude that may be, must be accordingly acknowledged by all that shall come after. But that which hath the most engaged and satisfied the English world, is, that your endea­vours have displayed themselves in their clearest light, in that one thing that is ne­cessary, that is to say, Religion, not only by being a constant assertor of her purity here in England, but in that, after more then Ulyssean Travels throughout most parts of Europe, you have returned to your former enjoyments of that chast Penelo­pe, when others either out of weaknesse or surprise, are ensnared and besotted with the Tenets of other Countries, whereby they are both ingrateful and in­jurious to their own, by preferring the prudence and policy of another before hers. Religion certainly, if well impro­ved, is the Talent, that felicifies the im­prover, if not, coademnes him. It is that universal Patrimony, which entitles us to be the sonnes of God, and by which we are adopted into the assured hope of eternall hapinesse. It is the Loadctone [Page] wherewith when our souls are once touched, they are directed to the right pole of the eternally beatificall vision; and without which, wee must infallibly expect to split against the rocks and shelves of perdition. It is the consumma­tion of heavens indulgence to Mankind, that which doth familiarize us, and makes good our Interest in the great be­ing and cause of all things. It is the per­fection of nature, since that whatsoever wee know of the divinity by her comes onely by the assistance and mediation of our sences, but the other furnishes us with a more evident assurance, (and that, in things, which can bee neither seen, heard nor conceived), by the more particular providence of Grace and Faith, whereby hee is pleased to how down the heavens, and descend unto a familiar conversati­on with our very spirits.

But that which ought further to en­dear all men to Religion, is, that she on­ly next to God may pretend Ubiquity, as being a thing written in such indelible characters in the hearts of all men, that even the most barbarous nations, and the greatest strangers to civility and po­licy have acknowledged some divine worship, though their pravity or want [Page] of instruction, may have blinded them from the true, but yet that eclipse of the true God hath not been total, inso­much, as they have still retained a sense and veneration of Religion, so that to the best of their imaginations, they have created something like God to them­selves. To make this yet more evident, we are to note, that most people, though they had not so clear apprehensions of the immortality of the soul, as we have; yet were they not only perswaded of the impossibility of its annihilation, but have also acknowledged rewards and punishments to be expected after this life.

To ascend yet a little higher; the di­vinity and preheminence of Religion is demonstrated, in that it exerciseth that Empire and Soveraignty over the mind of man, that no blandishments of the flesh, no temptations, no torments have been able to dispossesse it. It hath tri­umph'd in the midst of its persecutions; and by her sufferings hath conquered her persecutors. Her pleasing Ravishments can stifle for a time all sence of humani­ty, elude flames, and racks, and so arm the delicacie and tenderness of virgin puri­ty, as to overcome the hardiest Tyrants. [Page] It is she that raises our soules to a holy boldnesse and intimacy in our addresses to heaven, being indeed rapt into the heavens of divine contemplation, by her extasies and illuminations. It was her inspiring communication, that ele­vated your pious soul, when you descri­bed the divine perfections of the incom­parable THEOPHILA. These things can she do and greater, when there is but one grain of true Faith; but when she is defiled and adulterated with humane ceremonies and inventions, she is deformed, and looses all her grace and beauty. And among these hath she met with two most importunate pretenders, Atheisme and Superstition; the one strips her stark naked, the other meritriciously prostitutes her in the disguises of humane Inventions. And that she hath been thus evill entreated, in all places and times, this book gives but too great testimony, whether you look on the [...] or this small appendix, treating for the most, of what happened in High and Low Ger­many. I would not draw any excuse for our own gyrations of Religion here, from their madnesse; but rather condemn them as things that would have out-vy'd the extravagance of the former. But to [Page] draw any argument against Religion from either were impious; for if we did, we must in consequence, deny all, both particular and universal providence of Al­mighty God; we must deny the Scriptures, the heavenly Legacy of eternal salvation; wee must deny Heaven, Hell, Eternity, nay take away the Cement of all humane soci­ety, and expect to see the order and beauty of the universe hurried into darkness and confusion, since it ought not to out-last man, for whom it was created. Nay; but let us rather professe humanity, and make this use of the failings and extrava­gance of others in matters of Religion; To humble our selves to a relyance on that immense Being, who hath thought fit to plant Religion in the heart of man, to direct him in his voyage to eternall happinesse, wherein that every man might take the right way, is the earnest prayer of

Worthy SIR,
Your most devoted, and most humble servant. JO. DAVIES.

These Books printed for John Saywell, are to be sold at the sign of the Grey-hound in Little Britain, and at the Pile of Bibles in the Stocks Fish-mar­ket, looking into Lombard-street, over against the Post-house, London.

  • That in [...]ming piece and Catechistical Foundation, Entituled, viz.
  • WOll [...]bius, his Abridgment of Christian Divinity; Englished, cleared, and enlarged, by Ale­xander Ross, Author of that curious piece, entituled, viz.
  • [...], or a view of all Religions and Church-Govern­ments in the world, with a discovery of Heresies, in all Agos and places; &c. whereunto this Apocalypsis is usually adjoined.
  • That practical piece, entituled, viz. The Returning Backslider, (and the Saints Privilege &c.) or a Commen­tary on the whole 14 Chap. of Hosea, the third time reprinted, being one of the legitimate pieces of that truly pi­ous Author, Dr. Richard Sibbs.
  • For the use of pious families, there is lately reprinted, Mr Henry Smith's Sermons, with Gods Arrow against A­theists, &c. To which are now added, The Life of Mr. Henry Smith, by Tho. Fuller, B. D. and Alphabetical Tables very advantagious to the Reader; which Additions aforesaid, contain three sheets at the beginning of the Book, and five sheets at the end of the Book, viz. eight in all, and distinguisheth them from all other [...]rreptitious and imperfect Copie.
  • Three select and profitable Sermons, Entituled, viz. I. Pre [...] & lachryma. II. The Christians desire. III. The exam­ple of Humility, by William Houghton.
  • The way to the Highest Honor, pre­sented in a Sermon before the House of Peers, Feb. 24. 1646. by W. Strong.
  • That judicious piece, entituled, The Practice of Quietness: directing a a Christian how to live quietly in this troublesome world. By the late reve­rend Bishop Webbe.
  • The History of the World, the second part, being a continuation of the fa­mous History of Sir W [...] R [...]l [...]igh, Kt. begining where he left, and conti­nued to the year 1640. With a large Chronologie of those times, by Alexan­der Ross once Chaplain in Ordinary to his late Majesty King Charls, the first. The true Copie whereof (by the Au­thors Appointment and Approbation) is distinguished by the Grey hound in the Front- [...]p [...]ece from any other how­ever coloured by a p [...]tended (though abusive) representation of the Reve­rend Authour in the Title page, or the delusive Vision of [...]irds, &c. of the pretender thereto.
  • An exact Collection of the choicest Secrets in Physick and Chyrurgery (both Chymick and Galenick) by Leonard Phi [...]ravant, Knight, Dr. Edwards and and others.
  • A New Primer, entituled, Mr. H [...]l's Primer; mo [...]e easie and delightsome for the learner than any yet extant, ha­ving 24 several representations of Persons, Beasts, Birds, &c. answering the several letters of the Alphabet, in a Copper plate, laying also the surest foundation for true spelling; the de­fect whereof (in the ordinary teaching) is very much complained of.
  • Mr. [...]l's Rud [...]ments of Latine Grammar usually taught in all Schools; delivered in a very plain method for young beginners, containing 1. The common Accidents, examined and ex­plained, called his Posing Book. 2. The Terminations and Examples of Declen­sions and Conjugations. 3. Propria quae Maribus, Qua Genus, and As in Pra­senti, Englished and explained, for the use of young Grammarians, with a necessary Index to each part, called his [...]arsing book: by help whereof (in want of an able Schoolmaster) Gentlemen may teach their children themselves with much ease and delight
  • Also Mr. H [...]l's Grammar in La­tine and English, the shortest, order­ [...]est, and plainest both for Master and Scholar, of any yet exstant.
  • At his Shop also Gentlemen, Country-book sellers, and Chapmen may bee furnished or provided with all sorts of English & Latine books, and of other forraign Languages as they please.

The Authours Preface TO THE READER.

THE doctrine of the ANA­BAPTISTS, Courteous Reader, to give it thee in a single expression, is nothing but lying and deceit. Thou haply thinkest them a sort of people divinely in­spired, and Prophets: Thou art deceived. They are false Prophets and false teachers, as being a contagion, than which hell it self hath not vomited up a more dangerous since the beginning of the world. For I do not think it can bee easily de­monstrated, what other mischief could have redu­ced not onely the Netherlands, but almost all Germany, into so great calamity and devastati­on. When I more narrowly look into the Heresie of these men, I confess I am puzzel'd to finde a name for the Monster, but what its aims are, I may haply guess.

Its first part speaks a Lyon, its last a Dra­gon, the middle a pure Chimaera.

I call it a Monster, and I may add the most monstrous that ever was, as having in it the Ingredients of all formerly condemned Sects. Which when I consider, me thinks all the anci­ent [Page] Hereticks, such as Nicholas Anteoche­nus, the Gnosticks, the Valentinians, Noetians, Sabellians, Patropassions, Par­menians, present themselves anew out of Hell to me. So that I can make no other judgment of THOMAS MUNTZER, that Authour and raiser of a most pernicious Sect, then that he hath re-erected the Standards of all former heresies. But that it may not be said, as in the Proverb, that Affrick alwayes furnishes us with Novelties, he also with his desperate di­sciples, hath sacrilegiously attempted to ad­vance some altogether new and unheard-of opi­nions, whereof who shall say that which is MADE is GOOD, must be very ex­travagant. Out of these, have they resolved and decreed, that children till they come to age, are onely Catech [...]ni, and ought not to be clad with the robe of holy Baptisme. Out of these, have they declared a commu­nity of all things. Out of these, teach to disho­nour and discard Magistrates, who are the living ectypes of God, while in the mean time they themselves aspire to Soveraignty, and would be accounted Potentates, when they are indeed the wickedst among men; Dissemblers, Cheats, Hypocrites, Novators, or Advancers of No­velties, and the subtle generation of the old Viper Novatu. Which said Novatus, if I display in the colours wherein the holy Father and Martyr Cyprian sets him forth, discreet men shall be my Judges, whether I have not hit the mark, and the same description most sitly suits the greatest part of the Proselytes of [Page] Muntzer. As concerning Novatus (sayes that Ornament of his Carthage, lib. 11. Epist. 8. to Cornelius then Bishop of Rome) We needed not any relations to be sent to us of him, since that from us you were to expect a more par­ticular account of Novatus, a man that is a constant Advancer of novelties, of an insatiable avarice, furious in his ra­pines, blown up with arrogancie and pride, even to astonishment; a man not admitting any good understanding with the Bishops: the end of his curi­osity is to betray, of his flattery to sur­prise, his love is dogg'd by his infide­lity, he is the fuell and fire-brand that heightens the combustions of sedition, and the hurrican and tempest which causes the shipwrack of Faith, an opposer of Tranquility, and an enemy to peace. These were his thoughts of No­vatus, which what wise man but will allow us to attribute to our Novators? Certainly, if John that Botcher of Lei­den, the ulcer and deformity of that gal­lant City, were to be drawne in his own co­lours, we need borrow them no where else. You therefore, Orthodox Doctors, reduce those erroneous and miserably seduced men, which yet are so, into the way of Truth, Deliver them, I beseech you out of this phrensy, and omit no opportunities which may help to recover them out of this imaginary disease to which they are so accustomed. [Page] This shal bee your reward, this is the prize you shall obtain. Him that overcometh, will I make a Pillar in the Temple of my God, and I wil write upon him the name of my God, &c. Revel. 3. 12.

1 THOMAS MUNTZER. His OPINIONS, ACTIONS, and END. The Contents.

MUntzers Doctrine spreads, his aims high, his affirmati­ons destructive; He asserts Anabaptisme, rests not there, but grows worse and worse in his opinions and practises; his large promises to his party and the common people: he en­deavoured to set up himself, pretending to restore the Kingdom of Christ; being opposed by the Landgrave, his delusive Ani­mation of his followers, their overthrow; his escape; he is found, but dissembles him self; is taken, but yet obstinate; the Landgrave convinceth him by Scripture, when being racked, he laugheth, afterward relenteth; his last words; is deserved­ly beheaded, and made an example.

2 JOHN MATHIAS. The Contents.

JOhn Mathias repairs to Munster, his severe edicts, he be­coms a malicious executioner of Hubert Trutiling, for con­tumelious expressions touching him, his own desperate end.

3. JOHN BUCKHOLD, or JOHN of LEYDEN. The Contents.

JOhn Buckhold his character, his disputing and contenti­on with the Ecclesciasticks concerning Paedobaptism; he suc­ceeds John Mathias, he comforts the people with a pretended revelation; he makes Bernard Knipperdoling of a Con­sul, [Page] to become common executioner, Buckhold feigneth himself dumb, he assumes the Magistracy, he allows Polygamy, he takes to himself three wives; he is made King, and appoints Officers under him; his sumptuous apparel; his Titles were King of Justice, King of the new Jerusalem; his throne, his Coin and motto thereon; The King, Queen, and Courtiers wait on the people at a Feast: with other d [...]gressions. The King en­deavours to raise commotions abroad, is haply prevented. He suspects his own safety; his large promises to his Captains, him­self executes one of his wives, he feigns himself sick, and de­ludes the people with an expectation of deliverance; in the time of famine, forgets community; he is betrayed by his Confident, is brought prisoner before the Bishop, who checks him; his je­sting answer and proposal, he is put to a Non-plus, is convin­ced of his offences; his deserved and severe execution.

4. HERMANNUS SUTOR. The Contents.

HErman the Cobler professeth himself a Prophet, &c. he is noted for drunkenness; The ceremonies he used in A­nabaptisme, Eppo his Host discovers him and his followers to be cheats; Hermans wicked blasphemies, and his inconstancy in his opinions, his mothers temerity; his Sect convinced, and fall off from him; by one Drewjis of his Sect he is handled roughly; Herman is taken by Charles Lord of Gelderland, &c. and is brought prisoner to Groningen; when questioned in his torments, he hardened himself, and died miserably.

5. THEODORUS SARTOR. The Contents.

THeodor the Botcher turns Adamite, he affirms strange things, his blasphemy in forgiving of sins, he burns [Page] his cloaths, &c. and causeth his companions to do the like. He and his rabble go naked ihrough Amsterdam, in the dead of night, denouncing their woes, &c. and terrifie the people. They are taken and imprisoned by the Burghers, but continue shame­less. May 5. 1535. they are put to death; some of their last words.

6. DAVID GEORGE. The Contents.

DAvid George, the miracle of the Anabaptists. At Basil he pretends to have been banished his Country for the Gos­pels-sake; with his specious pretences he gains the freedom of the City for him and his. His Character. His riches. He with his Sect enact three things. His Son in Law doubting his new Religion, is by him questioned; and upon his answer excommu­nicated. His wifes death. He had formerly voted himself im­mortal, yet Aug. 2. 1556 he died, &c. His death troubled his disciples, His doctrine questioned by the Magistates, eleven of the Sectaries secured. Eleven Articles extracted out of the wri­tings of David George, Some of the imprisoned Sectaries ac­knowledged David George to have been the cause of the tu­mults in the lower parts of Germany, but dis owned his doctrin.

Conditions whereupon the imprisoned are set at liberty: The Senate vote the doctrine of D. G. impious, and declare him unworthy of Christian burial, and that his body and books should be burned, which was accordingly effected.

7. MICHAEL SERVETUS. The Contents.

SErvetus his converse with Mahumetans and Jewes. He disguiseth his monstrous opinions with the Name of Chri­stian Reformation. The place of his birth. At the 24. year of his age, he boasted himself the onely Teacher and [Page] Seer of the world, He inveighed against the Deity of Christ. Oecalampadius confutes his blasphemies, and causeth him to be thrust out of the Church of Basil. Servetus held but one person in the Godhead to be worshipped, &c. He held the holy Ghost to be Nature. His horrid blasphemy. He would reconcile the Turkish Alcoran to Christian Religion. He declares him­self Prince of the Anabaptists. At Geneva Calvin faithfully reproves Servetus, but he continues obstinate. Anno 1553. by the decrees of several Senates, He was burned.

8. ARRIUS. THE CONTENTS.
Arrianisme its increase, Anno 323.

THe General Council at Nice, Anno 325. called as a Re­medy against it, but without success. The Arrians misin­terpret that place, Joh. 10. 30. concerning the Father and the Son. They acknowledged one only God in a Judaeical sence. They deny the Trinity. Arrius his wretched death, Anno 336.

9. MAHOMET. The Contents.

MAhomet characterised. He made a laughing-stock of the Trinity. He agreed with Carpocrates, and other he­reticks. He renewed Circumcision, and to indulge his disciples, he allowed them Polygamy, &c. His Iron Tomb at Mecca.

10. BALTHAZAR HUBMOR.
The Contents.

HUbmor a Patron of Anabaptisme. He damned usury. He brought in a worship to the Virgin Mary, &c. The Senate of Suring by a Council reduced him. He renounced the [Page] heads of his former doctrine. Himself or Sect still active. He is taken and imprisoned at Vienna in Austria. He and his wife both burned.

11. JOHN HUT. The Contents.

JOhn Hut the prop and pillar of Anabaptisme. His credulity in dreams and visions. He is accounted a true Prophet by his Proselytes. At Merhern, his Fraternity became as it were a Monastery.

12. LODOWICK HETZER. The Contents.

LOdowick Hetzer a famous Heretick. He gaint Proselytes in Austria and Switzerland. Anno 1527, at a publick di­sputation Oecolampadius puts Hetzers emissaries to their shifts. Hetzer denied Christ to be coessentiall with the Father. His farewel to his Disciples. He is put to death for Adultery.

13. MELCHIOR HOFMAN. The Contents.

HOfman a Skinner, an Anabaptist; Anno 1528, sedu­ced 300. men and women at Embda in West-Friesland. His followers accounted him a Prophet. At Strasburg, he challenged the Ministers to dispute, which was agreed upon Jan. 11. 1532. where being mildely dealt with, he is neverthe­less obstinate. Other Prophets and Prophetesses deluded him. He deiuded himself, and volunt arily pi [...]ed himself to death.

14. MELCHIOR RINCK. The Contents.

MElchion Rinck, an Anabaptist. He is accounted a not a­ble interpreter of dreams and visions. His disciple Tho­mas Scucker in a waking-dream cut off his brother Leonards head; pretending for his murder obedience to the decree of God.

15. ADAM PASTOR. The Contents.

ADam Pastor a derider of Paedobaptisme. He revived the Arrian heresie. His foolish interpretation of that place, Gen. 217. so often confu [...]ed.

16. HENRY NICHOLAS. The Contents.

HEnry Nicholas, Father of the Family of Love. He is against Infant-Baptisme. His divellish Logick.

The End of the Contents.

THOMAS MUNTZER. His OPINIONS, ACTIONS, And END.

Hei mihi quot sacras iterans Baptismatis undas Muntzerus Stygijs millin tinxit aquis!

THE CONTENTS.

MUntzer's Doctrine spreads, his aim's high, his af­firmations destructive; Hee asserts Anabaptisme, rests not there, but grows worse and worse in his opini­ons and practises; his large promises to his party and the common people: he endeavours to set up himself, pretend­ing [Page] to restore the Kingdome of Christ; being opposed by the Landgrave, his delusive animation of his followers; their overthrow; his escape; he is found, but dissembles himself; is taken, but yet obstinate; the Landgrave convinceth him by Scripture, when being racked, hee laugheth, afterward relenteth; his last words; is deser­vedly beheaded, and made an example.

ABout the year of our Redemption. Anno 1521, 1522. M. D. XXI. and M. D. XXII. there rise up in Saxony near the River Sales, a most insolent Sect of certain Enthusiasts, among whom Nicholas Storkius was no ordinary person. These presumptuously boasting that their Dreams, Visions and Revelations, were inspi­red Hereticks their usual pretence. into them from heaven, had s [...]ily scattered it among other seditious persons of the same kidney; That the world was to be reformed by their means, which done, and the wicked utterly cut off from the face of the earth, it should be governed by Justice it self. All that gave not up their names, and embraced their Sect, they branded with the name of ungodly. One of this So­domitical lake sprung THOMAS MUNTZER, Muntzer a quick Scholar in a bad school. one that boasted that hee had had communication with God. This man's doctrine incredibly spred, as being in the first place levell'd at the holy Doctors of the Reformed Religion; And from thence discharged at the Magistrates themselves; for the His Doctrine spreads, Christian flock being once deprived of these two constitutions of men, there were nothing to hin­der the greedy Wolves to break out into all rapine His aim's high. and oppression. And this is the reason why the Wolves, The end that Hereticks pro­pou [...]d to them­selves, in oppo­sing the Mini­stry and Ma­gistracy. that is to say, the false Teachers, have ever most vio­lently opposed the the Ministry and the Magistracy, in hopes, if possible, to draw these from the care and charge of their flocks, or at least to bring them into contempt with their sheep, which by that means should stray into their parties. This Muntzer did both by his teachings and writings publickly affirm, that the Prea­chers of that time that contributed their endeavours to the His affirmati­ons des [...]ullive. advancement of the Gospel, were not sent by God, but were [Page] meer Scribes, and impertinent interpreters of the Scri­ptures; That the Scriptures and the written Word, were not the pure word of God, but onely a bare Testimony of the [...]e wo [...]d; that the true reall word was something that were intrinsecall and heavenly, and immediately pro­ceeding out of the mouth of God, and consequently to be learned intrinsecally, and not out of the Scriptures, or by any humane suggestion. With the same breath he brought Anabaptists their leading principle. Baptisme into contempt, most inconvincibly affirming that there was no warrant from God for Paedobaptisme, or baptisme of children, and that they ought to be bap­tized after a spirituall and more excellent dispensation. Seldome rest there, but grow worse and worse. He further endeavoured to teach that Christs satisfa­ction for us was unnecessary, whatever honest and weak understanding men could urge to the contrary; That matri­mony in the unfaithfull and incontinent, was a pollution, meretricious and diabolical; That God discovered his will by dreames (whence it was that he was mightily in­fatuated with them) holding that those were (as it were) communicated by the holy Ghost. Hereupon was he ac­knowledged by his followers for some heavenly and spi­rituall Sectaries like tinder, are soon on fire. Prophet, and it was believed that he was thus taught by the spirit of God, without any humane assi­stance. This doctrine did he disperse throughou [...] all Germany by printed books and Epistles, which the tin­der-brain'd disciples of his seditious sect were soon fir'd with, read, approved, and propogated. The same man in the yeares M. D. XXIII. and M. D. XXIV. Anno 1523. 1524. taught at A [...]sted which is a City in Saxony, near Thu [...]in­gia; and when not onely the Ministers, but also the Ma­gistrates lay under the lash of his calumny, insomuch that his Sermons were stuff'd with most seditious and bitter invectives against them, and pretending to groan for the return of lost liberty, and for the insufferable pres­sures An usual pre­tence to raise sedition. of the people under Tyranny, he complained of it as a great grievance, that their wealth and estates were the prey of the Magistrate, and therefore would peswade them that a remedy was timely to be applied to these things. Being for this doctrine dispatched out Hereticks rest­lesse. of Alsted, he comes to Norimberg, and thence without discontinuing his journey into Basil, and thence into Switzerand, from whence at length he came to Craco­via, [Page 4] where at a certaine town called Griess [...]n, he continu­ed some weeks. In the mean time he was no lesse idle then ever, and that especially in the County of Stuling, where hee sowed so much of his contagious seed among his factious disciples, as afterwards thrived into an ex­traordinary harvest. At the same time he publickly scattered abroad his doctrine of Baptisme, and the word of God, in such sort as we have touched before. Depart­ing out of his Countrey, and wandring up and down Mulhusium in the Countrey of During, he w [...]it letters to some of the most confident to his Religion; by whose countenance and assistance factious spirits were some­times more and more exasperated against the Magi­strate. Some small time before the Counntrey people took up arms, he sent up and down certain Briefes by Messengers, wherein were divers things, and among the rest was represented the greatnesse of those warlike instrments which were cast at Mulhusium upon occasi­on of this sedition, so to encourage and enflame the fie­ry followers of his faction. For having stayed two moneths at G [...]lessen, and that he thought he could not so much advance his designes if he returned into Saxony because his affaires prospered not according to his de­sires in those places, he returns back to the people of During and Mulhusium. But before hee was arrived thi­ther, LUTHER had by letters forew [...]ed the reve­rend Luther advi­seth the Senate to beware of Muntzer, and his opinions. Senate of Mulhusium concerning him, that they should beware of him as of a destroying wolfe, and fit­te [...] to bee s [...]unned then Serpents, or whatever Mankind beares any antipathy to, for that both at Swickaw, and not long before at Alsted, he was accounted a tree suffi­ciently evill and corrupt, which bore no other fruit but Tumult and inevitable destruction; and one, who, no more then his Comerades, could ever bee brought to make any defence of their opinions, among which was, That they all were Gods el [...]ct and that all the children of their Religion were to be called the children of God; and that all others were ungodly, and designed to damnation. And divers other things to the same purpose were con­tained in the foresaid letter, which was dated from [...]imaria, on Sunday, being the day of the Assumption of Mary, in the year M. D. XXIV. Muntzer in the [Page 5] mean time with words plausibly sweetned, drew away Muntzers large promises to his party, and the common people. she minds of all he could to savour his party, and by promising mountains of gold to the common people, to the end they should cry him up with the general accla­mations of being a true Prophet, it came to passe that a very great concourse of the dregs of the people repaired to him from Mulhusium and other places; nay, by his subtilty and the authority he had gotten, he perverted the very Magistrate of Mulhusium, and made him a Magistrates se­duced, most ominous. new abettor of his opinion. And this was the first ori­ginal of the mischief; and thence divers other Hydra's of seditions like so many excrescencies took a sudden growth from this. For all men's goods became com­mon, and he taught that no man had any propriety in what he enjoied. To which he added, that it was revea­led to him from God, that the Empire and Principaliti­ties Muntzer en­deavours to set up himself, pre­tending to re­store the King­dom of Christ. of this world were to be extirpated, and that the sword of Gideon was put into his hands to bee emploied against all Tyrants, for the assertion of true liberty, and the restauration of the Kingdome of Christ: and at this time he gave orders for the preparing of certain war­like engines. While he was wholly taken up about these things, that is, in the following year MD. XXV. the countrey people throughout Swedland and F [...]an­conia, and diverse other places, rise up against their Magi­strates, An ill president soon followed. forced away a great part of the Nobility, plunde­red Towns and Castles, to be short, made an absolute de­vastation by fire and sword. The Landgrave Henry be­ing The Landgrave raiseth a war, and fighteth Muntzer and his party. moved at these things raises a wa [...]r, and fought the countrey people, the first time near Frankenhusium, the fourteenth day of May, which done, he prepared himself for a second fight to be fought the next day, which Muntzer having intelligence of, said by way of anima­tion to his followers, What are those Cannon-bullets? Muntzers de­lusive anima­tion of his followers. Their over­throw. I will receive them in my gloves, and they shall not hurt me, whereby the countrey people being encouraged, were the next day beaten by the Landgrave, five thou­sand slain, and three hundred taken, who had all their heads cut off, so that, while they were ambitious of Liberty, they lost even the liberty of life it self. And herein was the ancient Proverb verified, War [...] is most delightful to those that had never experienced it. The [Page 6] discreeter part of the countrey peop'e, having laid down their arms, put their hands to the golden plough, to hold which they had been designed, rather than to mannage Lances and Pole-axes. Mantzer escapes to Frankenhusi­um, and hid himself in a house neer the Gate, where Muntzers escap [...]. a certain Nobleman had taken up his quarters. This mans servant going up into the upper roomes of the house to see how they were accommodated, findes one lying upon a bed, of whom hee enquired, whether he were of those who had escaped the fight, which he deni­ed, averring that hee had lain some time sick of a fever: whereupon looking about, hee perceives a little bag ly­ing Is found out but dissembles himself. carelesly neer the bed side; he opens it and finds letters from Albert Count of Mans field, wherein hee de­hor [...]ed Muntzer from his wicked purpose, and from pro­moting the tumult already raised. Having read them, he asked him whether they were directed to him, who deny­ing he threatens to kill him; whereupon he cried quarter, and confessed himself to be Muntzer. Hee is taken, and Muntzer taken, yet obstinate. brought before George Duke of Saxony and the Land­grave, whereupon they having made him confesse that hee was the cause of the popular insurrection, and sedi­tion; he answered that hee had done but his duty, and that the Magistrates who were opposers of his Evangelical doct iac, were by such means to bee chastised. To which the Landgrave made answer, and proved it by several te­stimouies The Langrave convinceth him by Scripture. of Scripture, that all honour is to given to the Magistrate; and that all tumult raised in order to a mans particular revenge, was by God forbidden Chri­stians. Here Muntzer being convinced, held his peace. Being laid upon the rack, while hee cried out aloud and wept, the Duke of Saxony spoke to him to this purpose; Now thou art punished, Muntzer, consider with thy self by what unspeakable ways thou hast seduced and brought so many to destruction! whereat Muntzer broke out into a great laughter, saying, This is the judg­ment of the countrey people. But when being brought Muntzer when racked, laugh­eth, but after­ward relenteth. to his death, hee was thrust into close prison, 'tis won­derfull how faint-hearted hee was, and stood extreamly troubled in mind, not being able to give any account of his Faith, but as the Duke of Saxony pronounced before him, and which hee told him, hee was to make a confes­sion [Page 7] of before God: Being surrounded with souldiers, hee openly acknowledged his wickednesse, and withall addressed these words to the Princes that were present; shew mercy and compassion, yee Princes, lest hereafter, you incur by my example the punishment I now suffer; His last words. Read and attentively consider the holy Books of the Kings. Having said this, his head was struck off, and fa­stened to a stake, for a monument and example to Is deservedly beheaded. others.

JOHN MATHIAS.

Primus hic e Batavis Muntzeri dogma sequutus Turbavit miris Westphala regna modis.

THE CONTENTS.

JOHN MATHIAS repairs to Munster, his se­vere edi [...]s, he becomes a malicious executioner of Hu­bert Trutiling, for contumelious expressions touching him; his own desperate end.

[Page] IN the year of our Lord God, M. D. XXXII. at Munster (which is the Metropolis of Westphalia) a Anno 1532. certain Priest called Bernardus Rotmannus under­took to preach the Gospel of Christ; which being done with great successe, certain messengers were sent to Marpyrgum, a place in Hassia, whose business was to bring along with them some men of learn­ing and good conversation, who should bee helpfull in the propagation of the Gospel. From Marpyrgum were there some dispatched, who arriving at Munster, re­duced the principall heads of Christian Religion into thirty nine Articles, which they proposed to the Magi­strate, being ready, (as they pretended) to make good and prove the said heads, by places of the holy Scrip­tures; which was effected. The Religious, and (as they Pretenders to Religion, prove usually the di­sturbers thereof. are called) the spiritual who were possessed of the chief­est Church, could by no means digest this, so that de­parting the City, they caused much trouble to the Ci­tizens. Upon this weighty businesse, the Magistrates and Citizens sate in long and prudent consultations. At length there was a certain agreement, upon these terms, viz. That all injuries committed in those Tumults should be pardoned, and that the Gospel should be free­ly preached in six Parish Churches, and that the Church of our Lord only should be absolutely reserved to them. These conditions were readily subscribed to by both sides, and thereupon all things laid asleep in peace. But this peace was not long undisturbed by the Devill, The devill an e­nemy of peace. (that irreconcileable enemy of peace and virtue) and therefore by doing at Munster what hee had done at o­ther places, that is, by raising up out of the jaws of Hell, the seditious and pestiferous Anabaptists, those importu­nate disturbers and turn-pikes of the Gospel; his design was not onely to discourage the good and godly, but withall, shamefully to destroy the Gospel it self. For in the same year there rise up at Harlem a Baker called John John Mathias a Baker at Har­lem. Mathias, a man utterly unlearned, yet crafty and boldly eloquent. This man being excessively lecherous, negle­cted and slighted his own wife, who being somewhat well stricken in years, was so much the lesse fit for the His lechery no­torious. exercises of Venus. Being therefore over head and ears [Page 10] in love with a certain Vi [...]age who was an Alehouse­keepers daughter, he could not resolve of any way more advantageous to seduce, then by an Angelical carriage, and a counterfeit sanctity. He made frequent visits to her, and entertaining her with his visions and revelati­ons, he thereby drew her to his opinion, and conveigh­ed her into a secret place in Amsterdam, where he profes­sed At Amsterdam he professeth himself a Do­ctor, and a Preacher. himself a Doctor and a Preacher, affirming that God had revealed certain secrets unto him, not yet revealed to others, and that he was Enoch the second high Priest of God. Upon some he laid hands and sent them two by two as Apostles and messengers of Christ, dispatching to Munster one Gerard a Bookseller, and John Buckhold the Botcher of Leyden, others into other places. These emissary messengers of Christ, or rather of Satan, boyled over with their various opinions, held mar­riages of no account, and dreamed diverse other things. Some taught by parables, and their own illusive dreams; others acknowledged not him a Brother who desiled his Baptisme with sins; others preferred the Baptisme of John before that of Christ; others taught that all Ma­gistrates, A murtherous opinion. and whoever were unsatisfied with their Reli­gion, ought to bee destroied root and branch; some would acknowledge nothing but their own visions and prophecies; others, that all the Prophets and Tea­chers that were departed this life, should shortly rise again, and should reign with Christ upon earth a thou­sand years, and should receive a hundred fold for what ever they had left behind them. Some of these men affirmed that they had communication with God, some with Angels; but the more discreet and wiser sort of men conceived that their conferences had been with the Divel. Here upon the great Prophet John Mathias (upon whose account his most vain Apostles already proclaimed a Peace) perceiving an occasion by this means of domi­neering in this world, consecrated in his stead his disci­ple James Campensis, a Sawyer, Bishop at Amsterdam. committing unto his charge the people, to be seduced with the same zeal, as he had begun. These things be­ing thus fairly carried, he repaired to Munster to his John Mathias repairs to Munster. Apostle and Ambassadour John Buckhold, whom hee made Governour of the City, who presently published [Page 11] these severe edicts. That every man should bring his gold His severe edicts and silver, and whatever were of greater importance, into the common heap, and that no man should detain any thing at his house; for the receiving of which things so collected a place was appointed. Though the people were not a lit­tle astonished at the rigour and severity of the edict, yet did they submit thereto. Moreover he forbad the reading of all books but the Bible, all which that they ought to bee burnt, the divine authority had by him, its witnesse commanded.

At this very time a certain Tradesman, whose name was Hubert Trutiling, had scattered some contumelious expressions concerning this great Prophet; where at he being immeasurably incensed, even to the loss of all com­passion, caused the foresaid Trutiling to be brought into the Market place, where he is accused and sentenced. Whereupon he himself laying his violent hands upon this innocent man, lays him along upon the ground; in that posture he runs him through with a spear; but find­ing He becomes a malicious execu­tioner of Hu­bert Trutiling, for not siding with him. by the palpitation, that there was some remainder of life, he made him to be conveighed thence, and taking a musket from one that stood by, which was charged, kil­led him, intimating that hee was commanded by God, that is to say, his own, (who was a murtherer from the beginning) to do what he had done. This noble ex­ploit performed, he took a long lance in his hand, and ha­stily [...]an about the City, crying out that hee was com­manded by God the Father to put to flight the enemy, which at that time had closely besieged Munster. Having ta­ken the said weapon, and running like a mad man upon His desperate end. the enemy, hee himself was run through by a souldier of Misna.

JOHN BUCKHOLD, or, JOHN of LEYDEN.

Agres [...]ssque nefas magnum et memorabile, Regem Somniat, abje [...]ta forfiee sceptra gerens.

THE CONTENTS.

JOHN BUCKHOLD his character, his dispu­ting and contention with the Ecclesiasticks concerning Paedobaptisme; he succeeds John Mathias, he comforts the people with a pretended revelation; he makes Ber­nard Knipperdoling of a Consul, to become common [Page 13] executioner. Buckhold feigneth himself dumb, he assumes the Magistracy, he allowes Polygamy, he takes to himself three wives; he is made King, and appoints Of­ficers under him; his sumptuous apparell; his Titles were, King of Justice, King of the new Jerusalem; his throne, his Coin and motto thereon; The King, Queen, and Courtiers waite on the people at a Feast, with other di­gressions. The King endeavours to raise commotions a­broad, is haply prevented. He suspects his own safety, his large promises to his Captaines, himself executes one of his wives, he feignes himself sick, and deludes the people with an expectation of deliverance, in the time of famine, forgets community; he is betrayed by his confident, is brought prisoner before the Bishop, who checks him; his jesting answer and proposall; he is put to a Non plus, is convinced of his offences; his deserved and severe execution.

JOHN BUCKHOLD was a Botcher of John Buck­hold his chara­cter. Leyden, a crafty fellow, eloquent, very perfect in the Scriptures; subtle, confident, more changeable then Proteus, a serious student of sedition, briefly, a most servent Anabaptist. This man being sent by John Mathias to Munster was a perpetuall thorn in the sides of the Ecclesiasticks, craftily sisting them about His disputing and contention with the Ec­clesiasticks con­cerning Paedo­baptisme. the businesse of Paedobaptisme, in which employment he spent nine whole moneths, and most commonly making his party good with them, both as to disputation and li­tigious contention, while in the mean time he secretly spawn'd and scatter'd the doctrine of Anabaptisme, as much as lay in his power. About that time a certain un­known Preacher of the word of God, one Hermanus Sta­preda of Meurs came to Munster, who supplying the place of Rotmannus in preaching, seduced him, and leavened him with Anabaptisme, and he also publickly anathe­matized Pedobaptisme. This gave occasion of raising tumults among the people; they who besore were onely secretly instructed by John Buckhold, discover them­selves Conventicles usually the nur­series of Tu­mults. openly to the world, and lay aside all disguises of their intentions; in most parts of the City, they have their frequent meetings; in divers houses, but all in the night time, whereat the Magnistrates being incensed, and [Page 14] offended, prohibited their Conventicles, and some they banished; But they weigh not this any thing, and be­ing sent out at one gate, they came in at another, and lay concealed among those that were the favourers of their Sect. Hereupon the Senate caused all the Ecclesia­sticks to assemble at the Palace, to dispute the businesse of Paedobaptisme. In this Assembly, Rotmannus stood tooth and naile for the Anabaptists, but those of the Reformation fully refuted their errors, as the publick acts concerning that businesse do abundantly testifie. At this very time the Minsters of the Church of Argen­toratum signed and set out an account of their Faith in a printed Book. Hereupon the Senate of Munster by a publick edict banished the Anabaptists, out of the City; which edict, they, persisting in contention, opposed, be­ing now arrived to that rashnesse and impudence, that they thrust a reformed Preacher, one Peter Werthemius out of the Church. Yea, some of them rioting about the City,) whereof the Ringleader was Henry Rollius) cry­ed out as they went, Repent and be rebaptized, other­wise will the heavy wrath of God fall upon you! These things hapned about the end of the year M. D. XXXIII. and the beginning of M. D. XXXIV. Some honest­hearted Anno 1533. &c. and harmlesse men, partly out of an apprehen­sion of divine wrath (as they made them believe) part­ly for fear of men, suffered themselves to be washed in the laver of Anabaptisme. For, the Anabaptists leaving Anabaptists their bold attempt. their dennes, broke into the City without any controll, and with an unanimous violence assaulting the Market place, they soon possessed themselves of the Palace and the Magazine, sentencing with loud conclamations and such as required a greater voice then that of Stentor, that all were to be destroyed as so many Heathens and Reprobates, that did not embrace Anabaptisme. In this tumult, a certain young man of Burchstenford was kil­led. This gave occasion both to the Papists, and to those of the Reformation to provide for their safety. The chiefest Patrons of the Anabaptistical Heresy were, Ber­nard Rotman, John Buckhold, Bernard Knipperdoling, Gerard Knippenburch, Bernard Krachting, &c. These two parties having skirmished with as great eagernesse and animosity as greater armies exasperated one against [Page 15] another, for some days, there followed a Truce, whereby it was agreed that every one should quietly enjoy, and persever in his own Religion. However the surges of Ana­baptisme were not yet laid, till they had entered into a conspiracy to drive those of the Reformation out of the City. The most eminent of the Conclave writ to the Anabaptists of the Cities adjoining, viz. to these of Dulmen, Coesvelt, Soyst Warendorp, and Osenburg, that lea­ving all things behind them, they should repair with all speed to Munster, promising they should have ten-fold what ever they left. Being enticed by these propositi­ons, husbands and wives leaving all behind them, came in swarms to Munster. A great number of the more re­ligious Inhabitants looking on that strange rabble as an insufferable grievance to their City, left it to the dispo­sal of the Anabaptists, who being by this means increased in number, became also more extravagant, degraded the Senate, and chose another out of themselves, wherein were Consuls, Gerard Knippenburg, and Bernard Knip­perdoling, whose Effiges is the ensuing.

BERNARD KNIPPERDOLING.

Quo non fastus abit? quid non Rex impius audet? Carnificem fecit, qui modò Consulerat.

BEing now become Lords and Masters, they in the first place seized on Maurice Church, and burnt it, and the houses all about it, thence falling forcibly upon Anabaptists where Masters, most insolent. other holy places and Monasteries, they carried away Gold, Silver, Ornaments and Utensils, and whatsoever else was of any consequence. Upon the fourth day af­ter those rapines, trudging up and down the streets and high-ways, they with a horrible howling, uttered, Re­pent, [Page 17] Repent! to which is added, Depart, depart, bee gone yee wicked, otherwise woe bee to you! This done, they immediately went armed in multitudes, and with unspeakable barbarisme and cruelty, turned out their miserable fellow-citizens, as enemies to their Re­ligion, out of their houses and possessions, and thrust them out of the City without any consideration of age or sex, so that many women with child had this mis­fortune seconded with that of dangerous abortions. The Anabaptists presently by what right they please, seize to themselves the possessions of the banished: so that the honest and godly party being cast out of the City, fell into the hands of the souldiers, who had block'd up the City and all the avenues, as among ene­mies, by whom some were taken, others unadvisedly killed; at which entreaty the other honester part of citizens being discouraged, and seeing, that guilty and not guilty fared alike, would not stirre a loot out of the City; which being closely besieged by the Bishops Ar­my, all places were filled with blood, sighs, tears. Now do the mad men of Munster, and such as no Hellebore can have any effect on, grow insufferably insolent, and above all, that great Prophet John Matthias, of whom wee have spoken before: But that sally of his out of the City, those of Munster looked on as a great O­men of their destruction, and thought that the unexpected death of that most holy man did signify, that some great calamity did hang over their heads. But John Buckhold John Buckhold successor of John Mathias. must bee his successor, a lid fit for the other pot; who addressing himself to the people, comforted them, per­swading them that they ought not to mourn for that un­looked for miscarriage of the Prophet, for that it had long before been revealed to him, and withall, that hee should marry his widow. Upon Easter Eve they fell upon all the Churches and places of devotion about the City, He comforts the people with a pretended re­velation. and pulled down all the brasse works. Some few days af­ter, Bernard Knipperdoling prophesied that all the chief­est men ought to be disqualified and degraded, and that the poor and the humble were to be exalted. Hee also declared, that it was the command of the divine Oracle, that all Churches should be demolished, which indeed was sufficiently performed. The very same day John [Page 18] Buckhold putting into the hands of Bernard Knipperdo ling, the Executioners sword, conferred on him withall He makes Knipperdo­ling common executioner. his employment, and that according to Gods com­mand; so that he who had discharged the office of a Con­sul, was now to execute that most dishonourable em­ployment of a common executioner. This most excel­lent condition he cheerfully accepted. By this time had the City been besieged some moneths by the Bishops for­ces when resolving to storm it, they lost both Gentlemen, Commission Officers & others, to the number of about About 4000. men lost at the siege, of Mun­ster. four thousand, upon which they quitted all hope of ta­king it by force. Some few dayes after Whitsuntide, the Ci­ty being notwithstanding the dis-excecution of that as­sault stil besieged, was wholly taken up to rest and imagi­nary dreams, wherein there were spent three whole days; which done, THE ANABAPTIST being awaken, acted the part of Zacharias, John Baptist's father; for, pretending to Buckhold seigneth himself dumb. be dumb, he desired to have a Table-book; wherein he wrote down the names of twelve men, who should be as it were the twelve Elders of Israel, and should admini­ster all thing, at Munster, as if it were the New Jerusa­lem, and this he affirmed that hee was commanded to do from heaven. By this broke [...]y d [...]d this crafty knave chalk out his way to that soveraign dignity whereof he was so ambitious. But in the mean time, consider by what a strang Stich this excellently wicked Botcher did utterly dis-repute that Magistrate whom God had ordained, and by the assistance of most illusive dreames & his own excel­lency He assumes the Magistracy. of playing the impostor, he possessed himself of that dignity. A while after our Prophet advanced certain con­clusions tending to the allowance of Polygamy, whereat He allowes Polygamy. the Ecclesiasticks made some opposition, but afterwards were content of fit still. So that, not long after the Prophet at one bout took to him three wives, whereof the most He takes to himself [...]pee wives. eminent was the widdow of the deceased Prophet Jo. Ma­thias, and whom he afterwards dignified with the title of Queen. This example of Kingship, some other knaves like himself did without any difficulty admit; but divers of the A bad example soon followed. more godly citizens, looking on this thing with the grea­test indignation that might be, repairing to the Market Godly ond loyal citizens hate usurpation. place laid hands on the Prophet Knipperdoling, which oc­casioning the people to take up armes, they set upon those [Page 19] Citizens in the palace, and having taken them, they de­livered Loyalty not al­ways succes [...] the Prophet and the Ecclesiasticks out of their hands. Nine and forty of the said Citizens were after a most barbarous manner put to death. Hereupon the Prophet cried our, that all those who should do any vio­lence to those enemies of God, should do God a very high piece of service, whence it came to pass, that some Hereticks; their cruelty. were torn in pieces with Hooks; and not a few killed by Knipperdoling himself. Upon the four and twentieth of June, which is the day of the Nativity of John Baptist, ANNO 1534. in the year one thousand five hundred thirty four, at Munster or rather Monster; (for so may that place bee called from the monstrous and portentous pullulation of Anabaptists) there sprung from Hell another new Pro­phet, one John Tuysentschreuer, a Goldsmith of Wa John Tuysents­chreuer an up­start, and a­bettor of John Buckhold. rendorp. The people being generally summoned to the Market place, this man acquainted them, that the most holy Prophet John Buckhold of Leyden was to bee exal­ted to Kingly Dignity, and that hee should inherit the eternall seat of his Father David, and should pos­sesse it with farre greater Majestie. Having propheci­ed John Buckhold com [...]s his de­lusi [...]prophecies these things, Buckhold kneeling down confirmed all, saying, that so much had been revealed to him from God the Father ten days before; though it was against his inclination to undertake the difficulties of Govern­ment. The common people being astonished at this extravagant piece of villany, tore their hair as they went; yet however some might smell out the cheat, fear was able to stifle all muttering. For, this Beast fat­ten'd for destruction, having been very successeful in som encounters, had now assum'd what Authority he pleased. Behold, he that at Leyden was but a Botcher, is made King He is made King. at Munster; John Buckhold is invested with all the Re­galia of supreme Authority. Having hereupon immedi­ately degraded the twelve Counsellours of State, accor­ding He appoints of­ficers under him to the wonted manner, he constitutes a viceroy, a Controller of his houshold, four Huissers or common cri­ers, a Noble man, a Chancellour, Cup bearers, Carvers, and Tasters, and Master-builders, and disposed of all o­ther officers as Princes use to do. The Kingly robes were some made of water'd stuffs, some made of silk, some His sumptuous apparell. of pure silk, some scarlet, some made more sumptuous [Page 20] with the Gold of the Ornaments which the sacriledge had furnished him with, so that it can hardly be expres­sed how artificially, how gallantly, how indeed Empe­ror-like they were interwoven, being embroyder'd with gold, edg'd, scollop'd; and dispos'd into divers colours, His spurs were gilt with gold, and he had two Crownes of solid gold, and a golden scabbard. The King walk­ing in these ornaments, two young men in a Courtly and magnisicent habit, one of each side of him accompa­nied him, whereof one carried a naked sword, the handle whereof glister'd with gold and precious stones; the other held up the Holy Bible, together with a golden Crown shining with most excellent pearls. A certain jewel dazeling the beholders with the bright sparkling of a Diamond, and whereat was hanged a golden apple (to repesent as it were the world) wounded through with two swords a cross, hang'd at his neck. His Scepter was set forth with three golden incirculations. His No­bles, who were eight and twenty in number, clad in green and ashie coloured garments, and having on white Turbants, accompain'd him. The Kings title was, THE KING OF JUSTICE, THE KING OF His Titles were King of Justice, King of the new Jerusalem. THE NEW JERUSALEM. In the Market place there was erected a Throne for him of three steps high, which, when the King sate in it, was adorned with ornaments of more then Attalick sumpruousnesse. Some His Throne. money he caused to be coin'd, whereon was this Latin Inscription, VERBUM CARO FACTUM His Coin and Motto thereon. QUOD HABITAT IN NOBIS, that is, The word made flesh, which dwelleth in us. The City being all this while besieg'd, the Prophets and the Doctors published the book callid THE RE­STITUTIONS, wherein they endeavoured to de­fend that monstrous (I would say Munstrous) and sedi­tious tumult, and all those almost infinite inconveni­ences that were consequent to it: but to prevent that poysonous Hydra, a Gospell antidote was prescrib'd. In the moneth of August, about S. Bartholomew's day, John Tuysentschreuer went sounding a Trumpet through all the streets, thereby inviting all to the Lords Palace, where there being a sumptuous feast prepared, he mag­nificently entertained all that came. The King him­self, [Page 21] the Queen, and all the Courtiers waited on them. At the last course he gave to every one a loaf of unlea­vened The King, Queen, and Courtiers waite on the people at a Feast. bread, saying, Take [...]at, and celebrate the Lords death; which done, the Queen in like manner carri­ed about the Cup, by which ceremony, the Supper of the Lord, or rather that Scean of pleasure, wantonness, and temerity, was certainly very frolickly celebrated. Hunger being banished sa [...]e enough by this seast, the Prophet Tuysentschreuer goes up to preach, requiring of them obedience and complyance with the word of God, whereunto, (with one head and as with one eye) A mock Sa­crament. they unanimously consented. This obtained; he ac­quaints them, that it was revealed from the heavenly A seditious Sermon. Father, that eight and twenty Ecclesiasticks should de­part out of this City, that should preach our doctrine throughout the world, whose names he recommended, and designed the way they were to take their journey, that is to say, six for Osenburg, as many for Warendorp, eight for Soyst, (for which quarter he himself was one) and the rest for Coesveld. These exercises performed, the King went to Supper, and at the second watch of the night caused the fore-mentioned Apostles to take their journey, giving unto each of them a peece of gold, with this charge, that neglecting their own safety, they should deposit it for a note and testimony of consequent condemnation wherever they bestowed it. They went their wayes, and never returned again, all having (ex­cept Sedition goes not alwayes unpunished. one who escaped the Gallows) met with punish­ments corespondent to their sedition. For, being entred the fore-recommended Cities, they in a direfull manner howl'd out their, Kepent, repent, the axe is laid to the roat of the Tree; if you repent not and be rebaptised, woe be to you, ye are undone. But the severall Senates of the said Cities caused them to be apprehended, and brought before them to give an account of themselves; who answered, That they were divine Preachers of the Gospel, called and sent by God, and that all those who would re­ceive their doctrine must be baptized, and that all things were to be made common; but to those that should neglect Anabaptists of a levelling principle. these things, they were to leave the golden coin of eternal damnation. Nay further, That the Gospel had not been preached as it should have been, since the times of Christ [Page 22] and the Apostles, but that there were two Prophets, the Progeny of truth it self, slipp'd down as it were from hea­ven, viz John of Leyden, and David George born at Delph in the Low-countries, that there were many false Prophets, that is to say, the Pope of Rome, and Martin Luther, of [...]ittemburg, who was worse then the Pope. Being taken and cast into Irons, they were asked, by what right or priviledge they had thrust out of the City so many godly people, together with their wives and children, not granting them any toleration for their Religion, and had disinherited them of all they had? Anabaptists as the Devill, pre­tend Scripture for their base actions. To which they replied, That the time was now drawing nigh, wherein the meek and the humble should inherit the earth, and that they followed the example of the Israe­lites, who with Gods approbation [...]ook away from the Egyptians their fewels and ear-rings. Moreover they hoasted that Munster was well furnished with provisions, ammunition, and all things requisite to war, and that the King did daily expect great recruits out of Holland, Zealand and other places, by the means and assistance They [...]m atuni­versal Monar­chy. whereof, hee should bring the whole world under sub­jection; and all wicked and refractory Princes being sub­dued, should establish the peaceful reign of Justice. A­bout the same time another Prophet fel down from hea­ven, one Henry Hilverse, a notable knave. This man ac­quainted the King that it was revealed to him from hea­ven, that God was pleased to bestow on him three most rich Cities, Amste [...]dam, Daventry, & res [...]l, near Lippa. Upon this Divine message, hee advises with his Counsellours, whom he were best to send [...]ither to baptise them with his baptisme. In the first place he sends John Campensis to Amsterdam, to bee the chiefest man in that City, to whom he assigned for companion and co-Apostle John Matthias of Mtellburg. These being sent into Holland, issuing out of their holes, kept themselves among those of their own tribe, and infected most Cities with the mortall infection of their doctrines. For at Leyden about January in the year following, viz. one thou­sand ANNO 1535. five hundred thirty and five, very many by the per­swasion of Anabaptisme, and by the means of its conta­gious Conventicles, were baptized into the baptisme of death. About the end of the year one thousand five [Page 23] hundred thirty and five, this Kingly Botcher sent into Friezland a most subtle fellow, and one very well expe­rienced Kingly Botcher indeavours to raise commoti­ons abroad. in warlike affairs, whom he furnished with very great summs of money which had been raised out of the sacrileges, wherewith he should raise souldiers in Zealand, and should raise the close siege which was then before the City. He being departed, managed his affairs very secretly with the assistance of those of his way, and at length, upon the last of March one thousand five hun­dred thirty and five, having gotten together some hun­dreds of souldiers he setupon the Monastery, which also was called old Munster, drove away the Monks, and having plundered all, he there pitched his tents, out of hope thereby to strengthen his party by the accession of any that should come in. But George Sckenck the then Gouernor of Friesland, having with as much expedition He is happily prevented. as could be got together certain expeditionary forces, besieges these tumultuary Rioters, and gave an assault to the place, which though they avoided as much as might be by a gallant defence, yet had they their belly­ [...]ull of murther, blood, and dry blowes, so that they were all destroied, save threescore and two, who being brought to Leoward were paid for their audacious folly with the wages of death. The Ring-leader of this businesse, who was also the Camp-m [...]ster, John Geel escaping at this fight, flies to Amsterdam, to prove the occasion of a greater slaughter. For many Anabaptists being found in that place, whom John Campensis had strangely fascinated, to engage them the more, they made promises to them of golden mountains, and talk'd highly of the Magnificence and Liberty of the Anabap­tists of Munster, and cried up the new kingdome of Justice upon earth; for the report of the siege and defence of Munster had smitten, and raised up the minds of a many; in regard the City being closely besieged by a potent Army, yet performed religious duties without any disturbance. Hence came it to passe, that the Liberty and Liberality of the City was celebrated beyond all truth and belief, and there wanted not a many who desired to be embarqu'd in the same Fortune. There was therefore at Amsterdam a Burgher called Henry Gotbelit, a strong man and warlikely given, who being bathed in [Page 24] the waters of Anabaptisme, joyned his endeavours with those of John Geel. For by divers pretences and crafty shifts (which it is not worth our labour to repeat in this place) they drew together six hundred Anahaptists, with Anabaptists, their design upon Amster­dam. whose assistance their intention was to have possessed themselves of Amsterdam, to enrich themselves, and to introduce the Religion of those of Munster. Where­upon, upon the tenth day of May, the chiefest that were engaged in this conspiracy, having their Rendezvous at the house of Peter Gael, broke out in the night time They break out in the night time. to the Market place, wherin being more and more secon­ded by some of their own, they killed some of the Watch, and some they kept prisoners. But the Burghers making head, discharged some Musquets at the Anabaptists, who most unworthily, when their Consuls were cruelly killed, entrusted their safety to their heels; so that the others courages being heightened by this, they violently ran upon the Deuterobaptists, and after a most bloody They are wor­sted. engagement put them to the worst, wherein John Geel and Gothe it were slain, James Campensis was taken and put to death. Now other Tumults had already forced others from those places, the prevention whereof could not be possibly without the infinite inconvenien­ces which fell upon the lionester sort. There wanted not also some clandestine vipers, who diguisedly waited for the restauration of the kingdome of Israel (as they called it) whereof one being apprehended at Leyden, and upon examination put to the question, confessed, That the King of the Anabaptists, who was a Hollander, sojourned then at Utricht, and had not yet began his reign, but that according to the good hope they had conceived of him, and the confidence placed in him, they doubted not but he would undertake i [...]. Having with what's above, gotten out of this fellow, that some gold and silver vessels and other ornaments had by a most wicked surprise, been taken out of their Churches by the means of their King, and who with his follow­ers had attempted some most detestable villanies, it was dicover'd that there could no other be meant then David George. I crave thy pardon, courteous Reader, if I acquaint thee, that it is not any thing the lesse for thy advantage, if, in the description of these rotten and [Page 25] contemptible rags and menstruous clouts of humanity, I have woven a longer web of discourse then thou didst expect. Although John Buckhold, and the other Pro­phets had entertained the ignorant greedy vulgar with hopes of more then Arabian wealth; yet the citizens be­ing daily more and more streightned by the siege, were accordingly brought into greater perplexities, and be­ing brought low by the famine, which is the consumma­tion of all misery, began, as it for the most part hap­pens, Famine the consummation of all misery. upon the barking of the stomack, to snarle at one another, to grumble and complain, and to hold pri­vate consultations about the taking of their King, and by delivering him to the enemies, to better the terms of their composition. But the King, the stitcher and botcher of all deceit, being afraid of himself, chose out The King sus­pects his own safety: of all the people twelve men in whom he could place most confidence, and these he called his Captains, assign­ing to them their severall guards and posts in the City, which they were to make good. This done, he promi­sed the Citizens that the close siege should be raised be­fore Easter, for he was confident that a certain emissary, whom he had sent into Zeland, Holland and Friezland should return with such supplies, as by a furious and desperate assault made upon the besiegers should deliver the City: But hope it self was to him become hopelesse, nor could safety it self save him. To his Captains as he His large pro­mises to his Captains, both of moneys and preferments, the usual bai [...] of sedition. called them, 'tis incredible what wealth he promised, such as the fabulous riches of Pactolus and the treasures of Midas should not make good, with oceans of goods (which happly must be paid them out of his dreams) and that after the City were relieved, they should be Dukes and Governours of Provinces, and particularly that John Denker should be Elector of Saxony? But behold, in the moneth of February, a sad face of things appeared, many being meerly starved to death, which occasioned, that one of his Queens (for he had gotten a many) Elza or Elisabeth, who was distinguished by the name of the Glove maker, had bin often heard to say, that the most cruel sword of Famine came not from God, which though he had not heard himself, having caused her to be He becomes executioner to one of his wives brought with his other wives into the Market place, he struck of her head, kneeling in the midst of them, which [Page 26] done; insulting [...]er her, he affirmed that she had carried her self as a common prostituted whore, and had been disobedient to him, while in the mean time her fellow Queens sung this hymne, Glory be to God on high, &c. Easter day being now dawning: and no hope of delive­rance shining on them, the common people with just reason were extreamly astonished; nor, confide [...]ing how things were carried, could they have any longer patience. In this conjuncture of affairs, to elude the people, ac­cording to his wonted insinuations, he feigns him­self He feigns him­self sick, and deludes the people with an expectation of deliverance. to bee sick, and that after six daies, he would appear publickly in the Market-place, but that as to the deliverance which they were to expect according to his intimation, it was to be understood after a spiritual manner, and so it should certainly come to passe For he affirmed for a most certain truth, that in a divine dream he saw himself riding on an Asse, and bearing the unspeakable weight of fin, and that all that had fol­lowed him were freed from their sins. But indeed they may be fitly said to be like Asses that rub one another; or to the Blinde leading about the Blinde. It is a great affliction, it is a pennance to repeat the miseries and the wofull consequences of Famine and want. There were a Famine, it's character, and miseries. many who being impatient of so long hunger, revolted to the enemy, not so much out of hope of compassion, as to accelerate their own deaths; not a few creeping upon all four, endeavored to get away; for being weak and strengthlesse, they could hardly fasten their feet on the ground; some falling down were content to give up the ghost in the place where they lay. There you might see a sad spectacle of foreheads and cheeks pale as ashes, temples fallen, eies sunk into hollow­nesse, sharp noses, ears shrivel'd, lips black and blew, throats slender as those of Spiders; to bee short, Hip­pocratical faces, living carcases, and excellent shadows of men. They had sown certain kinds of seeds and pulses in the City which for a time served for high delicacies to the grumbling stomach; but these being soon de­voured by the hungry belly; Cats, Dormice, and Rats, which themselves were almost starv'd to anatomie, be­came (doubtful) entertainments. Some were reduced to that inhumane necessity, that they fed on the flesh of [Page 27] the buried carcasses; some drest the feet of sweaty wool­len socks, some cut to pieces the parings of tanned lea­ther, and mincing them with some other things, bak'd them and made them serve for bread. To this wee may add, that the most wickedly obstinate citizens were not yet convinced, that by crafty infinuations and specious suggestions they were brought into the noose, whom therefore he stil entertained with considerations of Mag­nanimity, and the deliverance they were yet constant­ly to expect from God, but as for those who admitted any thoughts of running away, and endeavoured to avoyd their miseries, he peremptorily sends for, and like a pub­lick Robber taking away all that their industry had fur­nished them with, depart, says he, and be gone to the He­reticks, and bid sarewel to this place. The King, though he He forgets community. had gotten at his house sufficient provision for two months, yet was he willing to imbrace all occasions wher­by he might keep up the heart of the City which now continually barked for sustenance. To which end, behold a certain man named John Longstrat, being a Nobleman and privie Counsellor to the King, and one of whom he John Long­strat his consi­dent betrays him by strata­gem. was very confident, boasted that he would within fourteen days reliev this hunger-starv'd City, both with provisions and supplies of men, to the number of three hundred. By this pretence hee flyes to the enemy, and betrays the City to the Bishop, for a certain summe of money with his life included. The Eve of Saint John was appointed for the execution of this design, about ten of the clock, at which time hee had obliged himself by oath to cause the gate called the Crosse-gate to be opened. This Commissary for provisions returning at length to the City, assured the King upon his saith and reputation, that the said recruits of provision and forces, should be ready within the time appointed. The day assigned be­ing come, hee acquaints the Guards that the promised forces, were to come in in the night (which would bee starr-light enough) that so they might receive them as friends. The gates are hereupon set open, and the enemies being admitted into the City as into ano­ther Troy, upon the Watch-word given, soon di­spatch'd the Guards and others that were neer. Now could bee nothing heard for the cry of Armes; Armes. [Page 28] The King and his Courtiers being gotten into a body, drove back the enemie to the Gates, which the citizens had by that time shut again: whereupon the rest of them that were without: were forced to set Engines to force open the Gates, which being once broken o­pen, they flourished and set up their Colours. The citi­zens stiffely resisted the first assault, and made a strong bo­dy in the Market place, where the fight became very hot and bloody. The King himself, Knipperdoling and Krachting fell into the enemies hands; but Rotman see­ing there was no possibility of safety, rushing where the enemy was thickest, was trod to pieces; hee it seems placing all hopes of life in death. The Anabaptists upon the taking of their King being quite cast down and discouraged, went and hid themselves in Larders, Kitchins, and other lurking holes. The City was most The City of Munster un­mercifully plundered. unmercifully plundered; and to make a full search of it, there were ten days allotted. There was found by those of the Kings Guard at the Royall Palace as much provision as would maintain two hundred for two mouths. O Goodman King, where is now the Communi­ty of goods and provisions which your Religion holds forth? This sad fate did that City suffer in the year one thousand five hundred thirty and five. The third day af­ter this sacking of the City, the King was carried to the The King is brought priso­ner before the Bishop. Castle of Dulmen, three miles off. The Bishop having caused the King to bee brought with all speed before him, said to him, O thou cast away of Mankind, by what deplorable means hast thou corrupted and destroyed my people! To which the King, with an undisturbed and Who (deserved­ly) checks him. proud deportment made answer thus; O thou Pope, have wee done thee any injury, by delivering into thy hands a most well-fortified and invincible City? But if thou His jesting an­swer and pro­posal. thinkest thy self any way injur'd or endammag'd by us, if thou wilt but hearken to our advice, thou shalt be ea­sily enriched. The Bishop hardly abstaining from laugh­ing, desired him to discover that secret, to which hee re­plyed. Cause an Iron Cage or Basket to bee made, and cover it with leather, and carry me into all the parts of thy Country to be seen for a shew, and if thou take but a penny of every one for the sight, assure thy self it will amount to more then all the charges of the war. The [Page 29] more eminent Anabaptists wore about their necks a certain medall wherein was the effiges of their King, to which were added these ietters, D. W. F. whereby was signified, that the word was made flesh. But the King being carried up and down as a captive with his two associates, was shewn to divers Captains and Ec­clesiasticks of the Landgrave, which gave occasion of dispatation between them about some things, as of the Kingdom of Christ, and of Magistracy, of Justificati­on, and of Baptisme, of the Lords Supper, and of the In­carnation of Christ, as also of Matrimony: in which di­sputation, they prevailed so far by the divine testimonies of holy writ, that they brought the King of the Anabap­tists, (though not acknowledging the least satisfaction) to King of the Anabaptists put to a Non-plus. a Non-plus, who to obtain another disputation out of hopes of life (as was said) promised, that hee would re­duce the Anabap [...]ists which swarmed in Holland, Braband, England, and Friezland; and that he would do all honour to the Magistrate. Upon the twentieth of January one thousand five hund [...]ed thirty and six, he is brought with his companions to Munster, where they were secured in Anno 15 [...]6. severall prisons; two days were spent in weeding and rooting up their errors. The King indeed confessed his offences, and cast himself wholly upon Christ; but his He is convinced of his offences. companions discover'd a vain obstinacy in the defence of their cause. The next day the King is brought to the place of execution, fasten'd to a stake, and is pulled piece­meal His deserved, and severe ex­ecution. by two executioners, with pincers red hot out of the fire. The first pains he felt, hee suppressed, at the second hee implor'd Gods mercy. For a whole hour was hee pull'd and delacerated with those instruments, and at length, to hasten somewhat his death, run [...]hrough with a sword. His companions were dipped with the baptisme of the same punishment, which they suffered couragiously; all whose carcasses put into Iron baskets; as anathema's of eternal example hang out of the tower [...]f S. Lambert. And this was the retiring room of the Tragedy of Munster.

HERMANNUS SUTOR,

Hic qui se Christum, et qui se Jactârat IESUM, SERVASSE haud potuit se (que) suis (que) fidem.

THE CONTENTS.

HERMAN the Cobler professeth himself a Pro­phet, &c. He is noted for drunkennesse; The cere­monies hee used in Anabaptisme, Eppo his Host disco­vers him and his followers to be cheats; Hermans wick­ed blasphemies, and his inconstancy in his opinions, his mo­thers [Page 31] temerity; his Sect convinced, and fall off from him; by one Drewjis of his Sect he is handled rough­ly; Herman is taken by Charles Lord of Golderland, &c. and is brought prisoner to Groeninghen; when que­stioned in his torments, he hardened himself; and died miserably.

THat there were divers Emissaries and Am­bassadours sent by the King of the Anabap­tists into Holland, Friezland, and other pla­ces to raise souldiers, you have understood out of the History of Munster; which souldi­ers having raised a Tumult, caused the Bishop to discamp from before Munster; and of this Heard was there one Nicholas Alcmariensis, a worthy disciple of John Ma­thias, who being dispatched into Friezland for the fore­said negotiation, got together a promiscuous crue of Anabaptists for [...] the relief of Munster: but that it might appear how real and effectual he was in the businesse, they sent two of their fellow-soulders, Antony Cistarius, and a trades-man whose name was James, to Munster. These two with some others having compassed their de­sires at a Town called Opt'zant, having shuffled toge­ther from all parts into a kind of a Troop, made their rendezvous at the house of one Eppo, about the twilight out of a pretence that they there should meet with some Successe in bad enterprises. causes evill men to oejoyce. later intelligence, which they receiving from their Am­bassadors, out of very joy for those good tidings, abso­lutely broke forth into Tumults. The Bell-weather of these, was one Herman [an excellent vamper of all abo­mination] a Cobler of Opt'zant, who professed himself Herman [...]he Cobler proses­sed himself a Prophet, &c. a true Prophet, and that he was the true Messias, the Redeemer and Saviour of the world, nay, (which causes horror to me in the relation) that he was God the Father. This fellow lay naked in his bed from the privy parts downward, and caused to be laid near him a hogs-head of strong beer, which he desired to drink in Healths, which required no small draughts; for he had gotten an excessive thirst, greater than that of any dog; or that which the Serpent Dipsas causeth in those that are stung by it; & all through his extraordinary bellowing and bawling. For, having for some dayes led a life like one of Epicu­rus's [Page 32] herd; that is to say, being drunk even to extra­vagance, hee with a Stentors voice, and a horrid howling, He is noted for drunkennesse. among other things often repeated this; Kill, cu [...] the throats without any quarter, of all these Monkes, all these Popes, and all, especially our own Magistrate; Repent, Repent, for your deliverance is at hand, &c. In the mean time, hee, with the assistance of his fellow souldi­ers, denounced to certain Proselytes of another Religi­on, His design to invoigle others. that Peice was not to be rejected without incurring the dreadfull effects of the last judgment, which was now at hand, and these were such as both by sollicitations and promises, his main design was to inveigle into his deceit. Moreover hee sent to redeem some of his followers out of a prison belonging to a certain Noble­man called John of Holten, with this charge, that they should kill with swords and pistols, whosoever should ei­ther by words or blows any way oppose them. When they returned with their delivered captives, they had di­spatched a man (it is thought hee was Priest) looking out at his door, with a Musket, had he not turned his back and shut the door against them. The very same night, which was to bee the last, or wherein the world being to bee turned to deceitfull ashes, they expected it should by the means of this Mediator and Intercessor (as was thought) presently bee restored to liberty, there were a great many that embraced him where ever they could, with those complements which they should use to one, as without the earnest of whose Baptisme, they were to ex­pect the reward of disobedience, and eternall destruction to bee trrasured up for them. The Sacrament of Ana­baptisme The ceremonies he used in Ana­baptisme. being according to these cerremonies celebra­ted, the fore-commended Parent exhorted his children to prayer in these words, Pray, pray, pray, pray, mouth­ing it out with an agitation of his lips, like that of our Sto [...]ks; which done, falling on their knees, they disgorged, a strang vicissitude of prayers and songs. The owner of that house, who was an Inn­keeper, Eppo his Host, discovered him and his follow­ers to be cheats. and withall lame, sate neer this great Fa­ther, towards whom the Father turning, said unto him, Arise and walk. But Eppo being still lame, and seeing that they were all deceived, and that by a sort of cheats wickedly stitch'd together, withdrew from them, and hid [Page 33] himself for fear in anothers man's house far from thence. These things being thus past, there rises up ano­ther, one Cornelius Supposed to be a digger of graves. Coemiteriensis; who ran about after a most strange manner, and when the Father [of all execrable temerity] lay sick in his bed, tormented with an imaginary, or at least such a disease as puzzelled the Physicians to find any name for; this man for an hour together uttered these and such expressions: O FATHER, look upon thy people; have mercie upon thy people: O let thy bowels, O Father, be moved to compassion: &c. At which addresses the Father being moved, he com­manded a tankard of beer to be drawn out of the hogs­head, which was now almost at the bottom, which he drinking to his son, drank till it came to the Lees, which presenting to his son, hee said to him, Drink Hermans wicked blas­phemy. up the holy Ghost. The son like his father, and fol­lowing his example, having taken it off, he flings out of bed, and falls upon those that stood by, and tossing the tankard from one hand to the other, ran up and down like a drunken man, and at length joined with the father [who was sick of an imaginary extra­vagance, wherein he was much given to laugh] in roaring out these word; Mortifie the flesh, mortifie the flesh; the flesh is a Divel, the flesh is a Divel, mortifie the flesh; &c. Upon this there immediately starts Heresie, a catching, or mad disease: up another, pursued (as he thought) by an extraordi­nary vision, and after their example, roared it out most furiously, which fellow (as was reported) was really advanced to some degrees (if not the su­preme) of madnesse. A certain woman better than middle-aged, being frighted almost out of her wits, by the bawling and howling of th [...]s sonne, in­treated that they would keep in the lunatick and possessed person, and that hee might be carried to Bedlam. The common people being astonished at this impious, hellish crue; were forced to pinne their faith upon their sleevs, as a truth confirmed by the lying of those prophetical mouthes. These [...]elapses of fury and madnesse, having their intervalls of calmnesse and [...]erenity, he admonished them, that all arms and weapons were to be laid aside, and that they should put off their guarded, edged and [Page 34] scolloped garments, and their wrought smocks and pet­ticoats, nay that women ought to abstain wearing their neck-laces, and all things that were burdensome, in­timating the manner wherein God that needs no arms, would fight their battels for them, and should discomfit all their enemies. The cowardly and incon­stant vulgar being moved at the madnesse of this Do­ctrine, disburthened their bodies of all manner of cloath­ing. A certain harmlesse man having cast away his knife, takes it up again, which his daughter looking asquint upon, rebuked her father; to which he answered, Be patient, be patient, daughter, we shall have emploiment hereafter for this to cut bread withall. O how was this girle once a childe, but how was the old man twice! When the student of Bedlam, the Son, with his yel­ling, was exhorting the bewitched people to singing and praier, and to resist the Divel, the Father present­ly with his own son, in whom he was well pleased, Hereticks in­constant in their opinions. taught them, that the time of praier being done, and that the time of war coming on, they must take up the instruments of war; whereupon he gets up into a Pulpit, and declared himself to the people who stood all about him, with a loud voice, that he was the Sonne of God, and cried out that he was born a true Mediatour unto them, &c. His mother being there Herman blas­phemes again. present, they asked her whether she was the mother of the Son of God? To which between force [...]nd fear, she at length answered, though innocently, that shee was. His mothers te­me [...]i [...]y. This gave occasion to many to bee diffident, and to wa­ver in the faith received; insomuch that a certain man discovering his dissatisfaction, and speaking ill of the sonne, the said sonne taking hold of him, flings him into a common shore, saying unto him, now art thou deservedly cast into Hell: from whence the said man coming out all dirt, diverse others unanimously acknow­ledged that they were defiled and bespattered with the same filthiness and abomination. And hence rise up that impious report of the Sonne of God, that hee was thrust out of doors, which that Ambassadour Antony, being returned from Munster, having heard took it in mighty indignation, and by force breaking into the house, would have vindicated those holy expressions. [Page 35] The Father and Son, were much against it that any should come in; yet hee, though the people flocking about him made some opposition, bitterly rebuking that blasphemous wretch, broke forth into these words, Thou villanous and contagious burthen of the earth; What madness, what extravagance hath bes [...]tted thee without The Proverb verified. vice corrects sin. fear of divine judgement, to assume to thy self the title of the Son of God? which spoken, swelling up with the leaven of wrath, he ca [...]s himself upon the ground, whereupon the people ran violently upon him, knock­ing, beating, and kicking him like a foot-ball; at last being well loaden with blows hee rises, and breaking through the presse of the people, he got away and es­caped. In his way hee comes to a hole in the ice bro­ken for the cattle to drinke, twenty foot over, which hee made a shift to get over, as is said, with the help of the Devill; for many that would have found him out, Hermans party are convinced, and fal off from him. lost their labour. All being now convinced that they were abused, for fear of the most noble Charles Lord of Gelderland, the Viceroy of Groningen (called also King of Gelderland) who was sent to appease that tumult, got secretly away. But before they were all departed, one of them called Drewjis (whom they called Doctor Nu­cius) out of pure spight, laying hold of the Father, be­ing One Drewjis of his party han­dles him rough­ly. sick in his bed, thundred to him in these words; Thou villain, thou fruit and groanings of the Gal­lows, where, where is now your governing, and au­thority? now the time of prayers is past, &c. Having dragg'd him out of bed by head and shoulders, they with some assistance, bound him with cords; and delivered him to the custody of the Mistresse of the house to bee safely kept till night. In the mean time the valiant Charles Lord of Gelderland; &c. with his men surrounds the house where Herman is. Charles surrounds the house with his men, and besieged it, which the woman seeing, cut the co [...]ds. Be­ing loose, hee takes a trident fork wherewith assaulting them as with a sword, he put to flight forty men through other houses, whom he hastily pursuing, was unawares surprised by others, and brought to Groningen. But be­hold the miracle! to that very place, where this naked Herman is ta­ken & brought prisoner to Groningen: [of all truth] Messias with his fork [...] Scepter, and this Shoomaker of Cobler beyond his Last, had with his Trident put so many to flight, did the water-dreading [Page 36] Anabaptists resort and [...]ender unto God infinite thanks for the [...] us privilages thereof. Of this lewd Messias, who was [...]ow well acquainted with the fetters of Groningen, it was asked in his torments, whether those routs (of whom he was ring-leader) were out of He is questioned in his torments. pretence of sanctity raised to rob the publick treasu­ries, (as many thought) which yet (as some say) was deni­ed. For, he hardening himself against even the most He is hardened. cruel torments could be inflicted on him, still cried out; Destroy, destroy, destroy Monks, Fo [...]s, kill all the Magi­strates, and particularly our own. In the midst of these bawlings being miserably worried ou [...], he gave up the He dieth mise­rably. ghost.

THEODORUS SARTOR.

Quis qu [...]o hic Sartor nudus qui deperit? ille Quî rogo [...]ruentis nomine dignus [...]at?

THE CONTENTS.

THEODOR the Botcher turns Adamite, hee affirms strange things, his blasphemy i [...] forgiving of sins, he burns his cloaths, &c. and causeth his, companions to do the like. He and his rabble go naked through Amsterdam in the dead of night, [Page 38] denouncing their woes, &c. and terrifie the people. They are taken and imprisoned by the Burghers, but continue shamelesse. May 5. 1535. they are put to death; some of their last words.

IN the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred thirty and five, upon the third of Februay at Am­sterdam, Anno 1535. in a street called Salar street, at the house of John Si [...]id a cloth worker, who at that time was gone into Austria about some businesse, there met seven men Anabaptists, and five women of the same perswasion, of which flock, the Bell-weather was Theo­dorus Theodorus Sartor an Ada­mite. Sartor, who rapt into a strange enthusiasme and extasie, stretching himself upon the ground stark-naked upon his back before his brethren and sisters, seemed to pray unto God with a certain religious dread and hor­rour. Having ended his prayers, he affirmed that he had beheld God with his eyes in the excessive and inef­fable He affirmes strange things riches of his glory, and that he had had communica­tion with him, both in heaven and in hell, and that the day of his judgment was at hand. After which he said to one of his companions, Thou art decreed to eternal damnation, and shalt be cast into the bottomless pit; at which the other crying out, The Lord God of Mercy have compassion on me; the Prophet said to him, be of good chear, now art thou the sonne of God, thy His blasphemy in forgiving of sins. sins are forgiven thee. Upon the eleventh day of Febru­ary, the foresaid year, the persons aforementioned, un­known to their husbands, repaired to the same Aug [...]'s stable. This Prophet, or Seer, having entertained them with a Sermon of three or four hours long, casts a hel­met, a brest plate, a sword, and other armes, together with all his clothes into the fire, Being thus stark na­ked, He burns his cloathes, &c. a [...]d causeto his companions to do the like. and his companions who yet had their cloaths, be­ing uncovered, he peremptorily commanded them to do the like, as being such as must be as safe as himself. He further affirmed, that the children of God ought to look upon all things of this world with contempt and indignation. And since Truth, which is most glorious in her nakednesse, will not admit the deformity of any earthly disguise whatsoever, he affirmed that they ought in all things to conform themselves to that example of [Page 39] Truth and Justice. A great many hearing these things having quite cashier'd all shame, offered up their shirts, smocks, and petricoats, and whatsoever favoured of earth, as a burnt-offering unto God. The Mistresse of the house being awaken by the stink which these cloaths made in burning, and going up into the upper cham­bers, she findes this deplorable representation of immodesty and impudence; but the power and in­fluence of propheticall integrity brought the woman to that passe, that she was drawn in to wallow in the same mire of unshamefac'dnesse, whom therefore he ad­vised to continue alwayes a constant adherer to the un­blameable truth. Going out of the house in this po­sture, He and his rab­ble go naked through Am­sterdam in the dead of night, denouncing their woes, &c. and terrifie the people. about three of the clock, the other men and wo­men marched barefoot after him, crying out with a horrid voyce, Woe, woe, woe, the heavy wrath of God, the heavy wrath of God, &c. In this fanatick errour did this hy­pocondriack rabble run about the streets, making such a horrid noise, that all Amsterdam seemed to shake and tremble at it, as if it had been assaulted by a publick enemy. The Burghers not having the least hint of such a strange and unlook'd for Accident, (for this furi­ous action happen'd in the dead of night) took up arms; and getting these people (lost to all shame and mode­sty) They are taken and imprisoned by the Burgh­ers, but conti­nue shamelesse. up to the Palace, [...]apt them into prison. Being so disposed of, they would owne no thoughts of shame or chastity, but would justifie their most white and naked Truth. In the mean time the fire being smelt, they broke into the house where it was, and wondring at their casting off their cloathes into the fire, which had since reached the bed, they made a shift to quench it. But the other distracted and mad people, such as deserved to be sent to their kindred, the Savages and Heathens, inconvincibly persisted in their pestiferous opinion, and so upon the fifth of May the same year, they expiated May the fifth 1535. they are put to death Some of their last words. their wicked impieties by their death. Ones farewell saying, was, Praise the Lord incessantly! Anothers was, O God revenge thou these our sufferings! Others cried out, Woe, woe, shut thine eyes!

DAVID GEORE.

Hereti [...] plures visi hic, cui visus ego, illi Pluribus in visusque Haeresiarcha fui.

THE CONTENTS.

DAVID GEORGE, the miracle of the Anabaptists. At Basill he pretends to have been ba­nished his Countrey for the Gospels sake; with his spe­cious pretenses he gaines the freedome of the City for him and his. His Character. His Riches. He with [Page 41] his Sect enact three things. His Sonne in Law, doubt­ing his new Riligion, is by him questioned; and upon his answer excommunicated. His wifes death. He had formerly voted himself immortall, yet Aug. 2. 1556. he died &c. His death troubled his disciples. His do­ctrine questioned by the Magistrates, eleven of the Se­ctaries secured. XI. Articles extracted out of the writings of David George. Some of the imprisoned Sectaries acknowledged David George to have been the cause of the tumults in the lower parts of Germany, but dis-owned his doctrine.

Conditions whereupon the imprisoned are set at liberty.

The Senate vote the doctrine of D. G. impious, and declare him unworthy of Christian burial, and that his body and books should be burned, which was ac­cordingly affected.

DAVID GEORGE, a man born at David George the miracle of the Anabapitsts Anno 1544. Delph in Holland, the miracle of the Ana­baptisticall Religion, having lived in the lower Provinces forty years, did in the year one thousand five hundred forty and four, with some of his kindred and companions, in the beginning of Aprill, begin his journey for Basill, in the state and condition of which place, he had before very diligently enquired. Whereof having sufficiently informed him­self, he pretended that he had been driven out of his Countrey for the Gospels sake, and that he At Basill he pretends to have been ba­nished his Countrey for the Gospels sake. had been hitherto tost both on the land and sea of the miseries of this world; and therefore he humbly in­treated, that now at length he might be received into some place of Rest. Some being by the representation of his misfortunes and his teares, melted into compas­sion towards him, he presum'd to intreat the Magistrate, that in tendernesse to Christ and his holy Gospel, he might be made capable of the priviledges of the City, which if it were granted, he bid them be confident of Gods most particular protection towards their City, and that for the preservation of it, he engaged for him and his, that they should be ready to lay down their lives. The Magistrates being moved with these just [Page 42] remonstrances and desires received the viper as a Citi­zen, With his speci­ous pretences he gains the free­dome of the City for him and his. gave him the right hand of welcome and fellowship, and made him and his free of the City. What should the Magistrate do? Behold, he hath to do with a man of a grave countenance, free in his behaviour, having a very long beard and that yellowish, sky-coloured and sparkling eyes, milde and affable in the midst of his gravity, neat in his apparel; Finally one that seemed to His Character. have in him all the ingredients of honesty, modesty and truth; to be short, one, if you examine his counte­nance, carriage, discourse, and the cause he is embarqu'd in, all things without him are within the limits of me­diocrity and modesty; if you look within him, he is no­thing but deceit, fraud, and dissimulation; in a word, an ingenuous Anabaptist. Having already felt the pul­ses of the Senate and divers of the Citizens, comming with his whole family to Basill, he and his are enter­tained by a certain Citizen. Having nested a while in Basill, he purchased certain houses in the City, as also a Farm in the Countrey and some other things thereto ap­pertenant, married his children, and by his good offices procured to himself many friends. For, as long as he remained at Basill, he so much studied Religion, was so great an Alms-giver, and gave himself so much to other exercises of devotion, that suspicion it self had not what to say against him. By these cunning insinuations (this is beyond a young fox, and smells more of the Lybian wilde beast) many being surprised, came easily over to his party, so that he arrived to that esteem and reputation in matters of Religion, he pleased himself. This perswasion thus craftily gotten, was heightened by his great wealth (and his riches in jewels, whereof he His riches brought some with him, some were daily brought from other places in the Low-countries) & was yet further en­creased, by his sumptuous and rich plate and houshold­stuffe, which though they were gorgeous and majestical, yet were they not made to look beyond sobriety, clean­linesse and mediocrity. These people sojourning thus in common houses, desiring as yet to suppresse the per­nicious infection of their sect, very religiously enacted He, with his Sect, enact three things. three things: First, that no man should profane or speak idly of the name of David George. Secondly, [Page 43] that no man should rashly or unadvisedly divulge any thing concerning his country, or manner of life; whence it was that some thought him to be a person of some quality; some, that he was some very rich Factor or Merchant, whence it came that he was so excessively rich; others had other imaginary opinions and con­ceits of him, for as much as they themselves being stran­gers, lived in a Country where they could not be ascer­tained of any thing: Thirdly, he was very cautious that none of the Basileans should be carelesly admitted into his acquaintance, society or correspondence, imitating therein the policie of the Ferrets and Weesels, which (as is reported) never assault any bird of supremacy, in the places where they frequent. And thus did he by letters, writings and emissaries, plant and water the venemous seed of his sect through the lower Provinces, yet kept the waies by which he wrought unsuspected and undis­covered. For, although he had lived two years among them, there was not so much as one man infected; or had privately caught the itch of his Religion. What tran­scendent Mysteries are these! This man, though he feared neither deceit nor treachery from strangers, yet the fire kindled out of the deceitful embers of his own hous­hold. For, behold; one of his own Retinue doubting of the certainty of the New Religion, he caused him to be His son in Law doubting his new Religion, is by him questi­oned, and upon his answer ex­communicated. brought before him, and asked him whether he did not acknowledge him to be the true David sent from hea­ven upon earth, and to bee the Horn, Redeemer, and Builder up of the Tabernacle of Israel? to which the other answered roundly and peremptorily, that the re­stauration of the kingdome of Israel and other things foretold by the Prophets were fulfilled in Christ, the true Messias, and that consequently there was no other to be exspected. Which he hearing, not without great astonishment, did with much commotion of mind and bitter menaces thrust him, though his son in Law, out of doors, and [which is heavie to think on] excom­municated him. These things being thus managed, David's wife fell sick of a disease (which afterwards visi­ted him and many more) that dispatch'd her into the His wifes death. other world. What a miracle is this! He that declared himself to be greater than Christ, and voted himself im­mortal [Page 44] (upon the second of August, one thousand five He had former­ly voted himself immortal, yet Aug. 2. 1556. he died, &c. hundred fifty and six) did die the death, and was honourably buried according to the ceremonies of the Parish Church, and his funerals were celebra­ted in the sight of his sonnes and daughters, sonnes in law and daughters in law, servant-men and maides, and a great conflux of Citizens. This sad calamity of his death extreamely troubled His death trou­bled his disci­ples and tormented the minds of his diciples, as a thing that very much thwarted their hopes of his promised immortality, although he had fore­told that he would rise again in three yeares, and would bring all those things to passe which he had promised while he was alive. Upon the death of this man, a great many with resolute mindes made it their businesse not onely to bring his doctrine into su­spicion, but into utter disesteem, unanimously re­solving to embrace whatever was good, sound, A good resolu­tion. and consonant to Christian doctrine, and reject the rest as hereticall. In the mean time, the report beat up and downe, both among the people, and the more learned, that this man of ingenuity, and authour of private doctrines, this very David George, was a contagion and a destructive pestilence, a de­voted incendiary of a most dangerous Sect, that (though most falsely) hee was born a King, and that hee accounted himself the true Messias. The Magi­strate being extreamely moved at these things, not de­ferring A pattern for good Migi­strates. his zeale any longer when the glory of God and his Sonne Jesus Christ was so much concerned, caused all those who were conceived to be infected with the pestilence of that Religion to be brought to the Palace, to whom hee rubbed over what things had been transacted some yeares before; that is to say, ac­quainted them, how that they had been banished their Countrey upon the account of the Gospell, and upon their humble addresses received into the protection, and made capable of the privileges of the City, &c. But that it had appeared since, that they had fled for refuge to Basill, not for the propa­gation of the Gospel, but for that of the leaven of the sacrilegious David, though by all outward appea­rance, [Page 45] they had hitherto been accounted favourers and professors of the true Religion In the first place there­fore the Senate being desirous to know the truth, re­quired The Senates enquiry. to have his true proper name; for, some have thought (as some authours deliver), that his name was John Burges. Secondly, whether hee had privately or publickly dispersed his Religion, and what Tenets hee held. To which some made answer unanimously, that they had left their countrey for the true Religions sake, nor did they acknowledge themselves any other than the professors and practisers of the lawfull Religion. That for his name, hee had not called himself by any other than his own proper name; and for his doctrine, they had acknowledged none either privately or pub­lickly, save what hee had privately sometimes suggested, which was not disconsonant to the publick. The Magi­strate perceiving this obstinacy of mind caused eleven of them, the better to discover the reall truth, to bee Eleven of the Sectaries secu­red. secured, and more narrowly looked to. In the mean time, the Senate leaving no stone unmoved in this businesse, appointed some to bring forth in­to publick view some books and writings of David, which should give no small light in the businesse, and these the Magistrate recommended to men of the greatest learning to bee read over and In such cases the learned to be consulted with. examined with the greatest care possible, that so whatsoever they should meet with repugnant to the Truth, they should extract, and give him an account thereof. Those who had this charge put upon them, presented the Senate with this extract of Articles out of his Writings.

1. THat all the Doctrine delivered by Moses, the Pro­phets, or by Jesus Christ himself and his Apostles, Articles extra­cted out of the writings of David George. was not sufficient to salvation, but dress'd up and set forth for young men, and children, to keep them within decency and duty; but that the doctrine of David George was perfect, entire, and most sufficient for the o [...]taining of salvation.

2. He affirmed that he was Christ and the Messias, the well-beloved Son of the Father in whom he was well pleased, not born of blood, nor of the flesh, nor of the lust [Page 46] of man, but of the holy Ghost and the spirit of Christ, who vanishing hence long since according to the flesh, and deposited hitherto in some place unknown to the Saints; was now at length reinsused from heaven into David George.

3. Hee held that hee onely was to bee worshipped, as who should bring out the house of Israel, and the true (that is, the professors of his doctrine) tribe of Levi, and the Tabernacle of the Lord, not through miseries, sufferings, crosses, as the Messias of the Jews did, but with all meek­ness, love, and mercy in the spirit of Christ granted unto him from the Father which is in heaven.

4. Hee approved himself to be invosted with the au­thority of Saving, or condemning, binding, and loosing, and that at the last day he should judge the twelve tribes of Israel.

5. Hee further maintained, that Jesus Christ was sent from the Father to take flesh upon him; for this reason at least, that by his doctrine and the use of his Sacraments, men, being as it were no better then children, and uncapa­ble of receiving the true doctrine, might be kept within du­ty till the coming of David George, who should advance a Doctrine that should bee most perfect and most effectuall, should smooth out mankind, and should consummate the knowledge of God and of his Son, and what ever hath been said of him.

6. But hee further affirmed, That these things should not come to pass according to humane ceremonies, but after a spirituall dispensation, and after such a manner as had not [...] [...]eard of, which yet none should be able to discern or comprehend, but such as were worthy disciples of David George.

7. To make good and prove all th [...]se things, he wrested and mis-interpreted many places of the holy Scripture, as if Christ and the Apostles, whom he commends, had intimated not themselves, nor any other Ecclesiasticall times, save only the coming of David George.

8. And thence it was that hee argued thus: If the Doctrine of Christ and his Apostles bee most true and most effectuall for the obtaining of salvation; the Church which they had by their doctrine built up and confirmed, [...]ould not possibly have been broken to pieces, for (as Christ [Page 47] himself testisieth) against the true Church, the gates of Hell shall not be able to prevaile: But that building of Christ and his Apostles is overturned and pulled down to the very foundation by Antichrist, as may be evidently seen in the Papacy, according to the Testimony of the same Christ; It therefore necessarily followes, that the Doctrine of the Apostles is imperfect and interrupted: whence he con­cluded his own doctrine and saith to be the onely solid and sufficient doctrine.

9. Moreover he maintained himself to be greater than John Baptist, yea then all the Saints that had gone before him, for that the least in the Kingdome of God (accord­ing to the suffrage of Truth it self) is greater than John. But he said David George was one whose kingdome was heavenly and most perfect; whence he makes himself not only greater than John, but also sets himself above Christ, since that he was born of fl [...]sh, and that himself was born of the spirit according to a heavenly manner.

10. He further allowed with Christ, that all sinnes committed against God the Father, and against the Son may be forgiven, but those that are committed against the Holy Ghost, that is to say against David George, shall be forgiven neither in this world, nor in the world to come; by which meanes it is apparant that he conceiv'd himself greater and higher than Christ, admitting Christs own Testimony.

11. He declared Polygamy to be free and lawfull for all, even for those that are regenerated by the spirit of Da­vid George.

These hends [without any brains] did the Magistrate Some of the im­prisoned Secta­ries acknow­ledged David George to have been the cause of the tu­mults in the lower parts of Germany, but disowned his doctrine. deliver to be carried to some that were in the prison, to fish out what confession they would make, who besides these, being provoked and challenged by a number of Questions, answered at last, That this (Davus) I would say David George, was the same who had embroyled the lower parts of Germany with so many tumults & sediti­on, but as that to that doctrine and the fore-recited Arti­cles, they unanimously affirmed that they had never heard nor read of any such things. Neverthelesse they were to acknowledge the doctrine expressed in those Articles, to be pestiferous, execrable, and derived not from hea­ven, [Page 48] but from Hell, and that it was heretical, and to be banished with an eternal Anathe [...]a; and withall, as men miserably seduced, yet desiring for the time to come, to be reduced into the right way, they were, with good reason, to implore forgiveness. Among those that were in close prison, there was one formerly of Da­vid's greatest confidents, who confessed, that indeed An ingenuous confession and resolution. he had been infected with that Religion, but that since by the illumination of the grace of God, he discovered and detested the errors springing from it, and avoided them as he would do a cockatrice. But there were others who were civilly acquainted with this man, who denied that they had known any such thing by him, and cried out against the fore-mentioned Articles as impious and blasphemous. These passages, the Judges appointed by the Magistrate, gave him an account of, who perceiving that some that were in custody were not so extravagant, but that they had some remainders of discretion left, he sent to them some learned and able Preachers of the Word, who, having diligently weeded out the tares of their errors, should sow into their hearts the saving seed A pious act. of true faith. Those who were sent, [...]i [...]ting them with all the humanity, mildnesse, meeknesse and charity possible, could scrue nothing out of them, more than what the Judges who had been emploied before, had done. In the mean time a report was spread about the City, that A lying report raised. it was not David George, not any eminent person of any other name that had been buried, but that a meer swine, calf, hee-goat (haply an Asse) had been carried out and buried, and that the dead carkasse embalmed with the strongest spices, was worshipped and adored with great devotion and religion. But this was but a report, and was not true. Those that were in custody abhorring that doctrine, as unheard of, and such as deserved to be anathematized, and desiring to renew their acquaintance with discretion and their sences, are delivered out of those habitations of Iron which they had kept possession of for two months, upon these conditions, That none should make any purchases Conditions whereupon the imprisoned are set at liberty. either within or near the City, without the knowledge and consent of the Magistrate: That they shall not entertain any coming out of the lower Provinces, [Page 49] though of their kindred, but at publick houses or Inns. That the printed books and writings that were trans­lated into the Dutch language, shall be brought into the Palace. That there should be nothing published that were disconsonant to Christian Doctrine. That children should be educated according to incorrupt manners. That they should not make such promiscuous marriages among themselvs as they did. That they should take no Dutch into their families. That they should submit to amercements and pecuniary mulcts [if any were inflict­ed on them] as Citizens ought to do. That upon a day assigned, they should in the Parish Church, in the pre­sence of the whole congregation, make a publick abju­ration of the said Religion, and condemn and anathema­tize the whole sect of it. That they should hold no friend­ship or correspondence with any that shall persist in that Religion. To these conditions did they promise to subscribe, with all the reverence and gratitude they could possibly expresse. These things being thus managed, the most renowned Senate, returning afresh to the business of the Arch Heretick, passed these votes. viz. That the doctrine of David George, upon The votes of the renowned Senate. mature examination thereof, was found impious and derogatory to the divine Majestie; That the printed books, and whatsoever may have seen the light, should have the second light of the fire; That he as the most The doctrine of D. G. declared impious. infamous promoter of that execrable Sect, and a most horrid blasphemer against God and Christ, should not be accounted worthy Christian burial. That he should be taken up out of his grave by the common Hangman, He is declared unworthy of Christian Bu­riall. and together with his books and all his writings, and his manuscripts should, according to the Ecclefiastical Canons, be burnt in a solemn place. According to the said judgment, the carkasse being digged up, was, And that his body and books should be burned. with all his writings, whereof the greatest part was that (truly) miraculous book, together with his effi­gies brought by the Hangman to the place of execution, where having opened the dire [...]ul Coffin, he being found not much disfigured, nay so little, that hee was known by diverse (hee being covered with a watered garment, having about him a most white sheet, a very clean pillow under his he [...]d, his [Page 50] yellowish Beard rendring him yet graceful; to be short, having a silk Cap on, under which was a piece of red cloth, and adorned with a garland of Rose­mary) A fit punish­ment for per­verse Hereticks was set up publickly to be seen, and in the third year after his death, was with his writings con­secrated to Vulcan, that is to say, burned.

MICHAEL SERVETUS.

Omnia quum portenta voces hominemque Deumque Infandi SERVES nominis opprobium!

THE CONTENTS.

SERVETUS his converse with Mahumetans and Jewes. He disguiseth his monstrous opinions with the Name of Christian Reformation. The place of his birth. At the 24 year of his age, he boasted himself the onely Teacher and Seer of the world. He in [...]eighed [Page 52] against the Deity of Christ. Oecolampadius confutes his blasphemies, and causeth him to be thrust out of the Church of Basil. Servetus held but one person in the Godhead to be worshipped, &c. He held the Holy Ghost to be Nature. His horrid blasphemy. He would recon­cile the Turkish Alcoran to. Christian Religion. He de­clares himself Prince of the Anabaptists. At Geneva, Calvin faithfully reproves Servetus, but he continues obstinate. Anno 1553, by the decrees of several Senates, he was burned.

MICHAEL SERVETUS, like ano­ther Simon Magus, having conversed long Servetus his converse with Mahumetans and Jews. among the Mahumetans and the Jewes, and being excellently well furnished with their imaginous opinions, begat both out of Divinity; and the general treasury of Christian Religion, a monstrous issue of opinions, with the coition of what He disguiseth his monstrous opinions, with the name of Christian Re­formation. he had received from the extravagant Mahumelans, and Thalmudists, upon which b [...]at this instrument of Satan, must needs bestow the disguised name of Christian Reformation. From this Cocks egge were bred these Cockatrices, Gonesus, Gribaldus, Blandratta, Gentilis, Alciatus, Simanus, Casanovius, Menno, and diverse other Anabaptistical Vipers, who extreamly increased the restless waves of Sects and opinions. We, recom­mending the rest to their proper place, Hell, will take a more particular survey of one Religion, and by the The place of his birth. His arrogant Boast. He inveighs against the Deity of Christ. horridnesse of that guesse at the others. This Servetus was a Spaniard, born in the Kingdom of Arragon, most unworthy both of his Name and Nation. Being wrapt into a most incredible Enthusiasme, he boldly lays his unwash'd hands upon holy divinity; and at the four and twentieth year of his age, boasted himself to be the onely Teacher and Seer of the world, making it his main design, and that by his impious and worthlesse wri­tings, Oecolampadi­us confutes his blasphemies, & causeth him to [...]e thrust out of the Church of Basil. to inveigh against the Deity of the Son of God; with which writings being sufficiently furnished, and withall enflamed with hopes of raising no ordinary tumults, hee bestirrs himself winde and tide for Basil; but Occo­lampadius, an Ecclesiastical Doctor, learnedly▪ before a full Senate confuted the blasphemies of this man, and [Page 53] by the publick Authority he had, caused him as a poiso­nous blasphemer to be thrust out of the Church of Basil. From thence he went to Venice, where, in regard the Venetians had been timely forewarned of him by the wise and learned Melancthon, he made no harvest of his incredible blasphemies, nor indeed was he permitted seed-time for them. Religion is no where safe! But having consulted with the Arch-hereticks his Predeces­sors, and being bird-lim'd, he held that there was but Servetus held but one per­son in the God-head to be wor­shipped, &c. one person in the God-head to be worshipped and ac­knowledged, which was revealed to mankind some­times under one notion, sometimes under another, and that it was thus, that those notions of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, were to be understood in the Scriptures. Nay, with the same line of his blasphemous mouth, he affirmed that our Saviour Jesus Christ according to his humane nature, was not the Sonne of God; nor coe­ternall with the Father. The Holy Ghost he granted to be nothing but that influence by which all things are mo­ved, He held the holy Ghost to be Naure. which is called nature. He most impiously Ironi­call, affirmed that to understand the word Person, we must referre our selves to Comedies. But the most horrid His horrid blasphemy. blasphemy of all, was, when by the suggestion of Satan, he imagined, that the most glorious and ever to be wor­shipped and adored Trinity (who doth not tremble at it?) was most fitly compared to Cerberus the Porter of Hell-gate. But he stayed not here; no, he thought it should be accounted nothing but a diabolicall phan­tasme, the laughing-stock of Satan, and the monsterous [...]eryon, whom the Poets by some strange mystery of Philosophy feigned to have three bodies. O incredi­ble, and unheard of subtilty of blasphemy! The most glorious name of the most blessed Trinity is grown so odious to this man, that he would personate (being the greatest that ever was) all the Atheists that have quar­relled with that name. Moreover he maintained, that taking but away the onely Article of the Trinity, the Turkish Alcoran might be easily reconciled to the Chri­stian Religion; and that by the joyning together of He would re­concile the Al­coran to Chri­stian Religion. these two, a great impediment would be removed; yea, that the pertinacious asserting of that Article had en­raged to madnesse whole Countries and Provinces. [Page 54] This abomination of God and men▪ held that the Pro­phet Moses, that great servant of God, and faithfull [...]ard of the Lords house, that Prince and Captain Generall of the people of Israel, one so much in favour with God that he was admitted to speak to him face to face, was to be accounted no other than an Imposter. He accoun­ted the Patriarch Abraham and his seed, too much given to Revenge, and that he was most unjust and most ma­licious to his enemy. The most glorious Church of Israel, ('tis the swine that loves the mire) he esteemed no better than a Hogge-Sty; and declared himself a He declares himself Prince of the Anabap­tists. sworn Prince of the Anabaptistical generation. But, keep o [...], and approach not, O all ye other Heresies and Hydra's of opinions of this one man, furies not ca­pable of expiation! Being arrived at Geneva, and be­ing forbidden to spue out and spatter his pestiferous blasphemies, he continued in hostility against all sharp, but wholesome admonitions: which Calvin, that At Geneva, Calvin re­proves Serve­tus. famous Minister of the Church perceiving, being desi­rous to discharge the duty of a soul saving Pastor, went friendly to Servetus, in hopes to deliver him out of his most impious errors and horrible Heresie, and so to redeem him out of the jawes of Hell, and faithfully re­proved him. But he being dazzled with the brightnesse of Truth, and overcome, returned nothing to Calvin (so well deserving of him) but an intolerable obstinacie, and Serve [...] his obstinacy. inconvincible recapitulation of his blasphemies, whence it came to passe, that by the just and prudent Decree of the Senates of Bernen, Zuring, Basil, and Scasfuse, and by the righteous condemnation of the eternal God, in the moneth of December in the year one thousand five hun­dred Anno 1553. By the Decree of several Se­nates he was burned. fifty and three, (or as Sleidan hath it, in October) he was (how great is the obstinacy of blasphemy!) be­ing at that time ecstarically hardened and intoxicated, consecrated to the avenging flames.

ARRIUS.

Divisit Trini qui form [...] [...]uminis ecce! Dividitur membris, Visceribus (que) suis

THE CONTENTS.

Arrianisme its increase, An [...] 323.

THe General Council at Nice, Anno 325. called as a remedy against it, but without successe. The Arri­ans mis-interpret that place, John 10. 30. concerning the Father and the Son. They acknowledged one [Page 56] onely God in a Jud [...]icall sense. They deny the Trinity Arrius his wretched death, Anno 336.

ABout the year of the Incarnation of the Son of God, three hundred twenty and three, Arrianisme, its increase. Anno 323. Hell was deliver'd of a certain Priest at Alex­andria named Arrius, a man subtle beyond expression, the trumpet of eloquence, one that seemed to have been cut out for all honesty and elegance, who yet, with the poison of his Herefie, and the [...] cups of his distructive doctrine, did in the time of Silvester Bishop of Rome, and the Emperour Constantine, draw in a manner all Christendome to his opinion, and so corrupted some, even great nations in the East, that except a few Bishops who stood to the true doctrine, none appeared against him. To remedy this disease, at Nice in Bithynia, in the year three hundred The General Council at Nice. Anno 325. called as a re­medy against Arrianisme, but without success. twenty and five, a generall Councill was called; but to no purpose; for the contagious stocks of Arrianisme were deeply rooted, so that they were become such ravening wolves among the flock of Christ, that all that would not embrace their beliefe, were to expect banishment or death. These imagined that the Sonne was not of an equall nature and coeternall with the Father, but that he was onely agreeing and concurring with his Father; to confirm which, they alledged that place of John 10. 30. The Arrians misinterpret that place, Joh. 10. 30 concerning the Father and the Sonne. which sayes, I and the Father are one; and though they called the Sonne a great God, yet they denied, that he was a living and true God, and co-essential with the Fa­ther. They boasted that they were ready to answer all objections, and acknowledged one onely God, in a Juda­ical sense. To that, I and the Father are one, they were used to retort thus, Doth the unity in this place denote co-essencie? It most therefore follow, that it is as much, They acknow­ledged one only God in a Juda­icall sense. They deny the Trinity. where the Apostle sayes, 1 Cor. 3. 8. He that planteth and he that watereth, are one. They accounted the word Trinity a laughing-stock and a Fiction; that the Sonne of God was a Creature, and that the Holy Ghost, was both born of Christ, and conceived and begotten of the Virgin Mary. All that were baptized in the name of the bles­sed Trinity, they baptized again. They denied that Christ was the Sonne of God according to the Spirit and [Page 57] the Godhead; they denied God his own Son.

While Arrius was disburthening himself of the necessi­ties Arrius his wretched death, Anno 336. of Nature, his bowels came forth, and with them his life. And so he who was the successor of those Arch-He­reticks, Artemon (who lived about the year of our Lord two hundred) and Paulus Samosatenus (who lived about two hundred forty one) came to a miserable death, in the year three hundred thirty six. See Athanasius, Epiphanius, Hilarius, Hierom, Augustine, Ambrose, Basill, Theoderet, Eusebius, Socrates, Nicephorus, Sozomen, and other Ecclesiasticall writers, who have treated of these things more at large.

MAMOMET.

Adsum Ingens Mahometes [...]go, lachrymabile mundi Prodigium, omnigeni dux, et origo mali.

THE CONTENTS.

MAMOMET characterized. He made a laugh­ing-stock of the Trinity. He agreed with Carpo­crates, and other Hereticks. He renewed Circumcision, and to indulge his disciples, he allowed them Polygamy, &c. His Iron Tombe at Mecca.

[Page 59] IN the year six hundred twenty two, Honorius the Anno 622. fift being Bishop of Rome, and Heraclius Caesar Em­perour of the East, a transcendent Arch-heretick called Mahomet, exchanged Hell for earth; a Pre­phet, Mahomet cha­racterized. by Nation an Arabian, but most deprav'd and corrupt. He had sometimes been a Merchant extremely rich, and withall very subtle; to be short, he was a serious professor of diabolical Arts, a most ungodly instru­ment of Satan, the Viceroy of Antichrist, or his sworne fore-runner. This man endeavoured to exoll his brother Arrius, with such praises as are correspon­dent to his Heaven. He also with Sabellio renewed He made a laughing-stock of the Trinity: the laughing-stock of the Trinity. He with Arrius and Eunomius, most fervently and contumeliously held that Christ, was onely a Man, and that he was onely called God, secundum dici, that is to say, according to a certain manner of speaking. He He agreed with Carpocrates, and other here­ticks. agrees with Carpocrates who denied that Christ was a God and a Prophet. This is also he that shakes hands with Cerdonus who utterly abjur'd the Godhead of the Sonne, or that he was co-substantial with Father. He imagined with the Manichees, that it was not Christ, but some other that was sastened to the Crosse. With the Donatists, he contemned the purest Sacra­ments of the Church. With the most impure Origen he affirmes that the devils shall be eternally saved accord­ing to an humane, yet an invisible manner. He with Cerinthus placed eternal Felicity in the lust of the flesh. Circumcision, that was long since abolished and anti­quated, He renewed circumcision, and to indulge his disciples, he allowed them Polygamy, &c. he renewed. Upon his dicisiples he bestowed the priviledges, of Polygamy, Concu [...]ines and Divorce, as Moses had done; and with such dreames and an ima­ginary Phrenly was the miserable wretch ever troubled. This man when he dyed was put into an iron Tombe at Mecca, which by the strength of L [...]adstones, being as it were in the middle and centre of an arched edifice, His Iron Tomb at Mecca hangs up to the astonishment of the beholders, by which means the miraculous sanctity of this Prophet is greatly celebrated. All the dominions of the Creat Turk, professe this mans saith, whom they acquiesce in as a miracle.

BALTHAZAR HUBMOR.

Ille ego qui Vndarum mysteriasacra negavi Igne cremor [...]fato disce cavere meo.

THE CONTENTS.

HUBMOR a Patron of Anabaptisme. He dam­ned usury. Hee brought in a worship to the Virgin MARY, &c. The Senate of Suring by a Council reduced him. He renounced the heads of his former doctrine. Himself or Sect still active. Hee is taken [Page 61] and imprisoned at Vienna in Austria. He and his Wise both burned.

DOctor Balthazar Hubmor of Friburg, a man excellently well learned, another Roscius in Hubmor Pa­tron of Ana­baptisme. his affairs, a Clergy man at Ingolstade, was the third eminent Patron of Anabaptisme, and a sworn promoter of that worthy Sect. This man in his Sermons at Regenburgh, inveighed so bitter­ly He damned usury. and so implacably against the usury of the Jewes, that he banished it even to eternal damnation; he brought in a certain religious worship to be done to the Virgin He brought in a worship to the Virgin Mary, &c. Mary, and some superstitious vowes, and was the cause of great tumults and insurrections, and had built up his doctrine upon very firm and solid foundations, until the most wise Senate of Suring applied the universal medicine of a Council to these things, and assigned a day The Senate of Suring by a Council redu­ced him. to reduce and root out that Sect, which was the seven­teenth of January, in the year one thousand five hun­dred twenty five, wherein the Senate being present, and [...] great presence of people, the most learned Zwin­ [...]lius, and other sonns of learning, opposed this our Doctor, by whom, and the strength of truth, after most [...]ot and serious debating on both sides, he ingenuous­ly consessed himself to be overcome. The heads of the He renounced the heads of his former do­ctrine. Doctrine, which he before defended, and whereof he afterwards made his abrenunciation, were these: That [...] detested the cheat, and humane invention of Ana­ [...]aptisme; He affirmed that the spirit both before [...]he fall and after was uncorrupt and unblameable, and that it never dies in sin; whence it should follow, that not it, but the flesh, is deprived of liberty; he also acknowledged that the spirit overcomes and triumphs over the flesh. Though his Recantation was made, and Himself, or Sect, still active. divers rebaptized into their better sences, yet the Tor­rents of this sect neither stood still, nor were dried up, but increased in Switzerland into a deluge, which over­turned almost all. This man escaping the endeavours of spies, and shunning the Halter, was at length taken He is taken and imprisoned at Vienna in Au­stria. with the figtree leaf of divine vengeance, and cast into prison at Vienna in Austria. Being afterwards put much to the question, it being the designe of vengeance, [Page 62] the reveuging fire soon turned him to ashes. His wife being also baptized into the same whirle-pool of Bap­tisme; He and his wife both burned. they both, with minds hardened to their own perswasions, were not disengaged of their faith, but with the departure of their lives.

JOHN HUT.

Huttus ab Hubmoro excrescit; cervice resectâ Sic vnâ in geminum pullulat Hydra caput.

THE CONTENTS.

JOHN HUT the prop and pillar of Anabaptism [...]. His credulity in dreams and visions. He is accounted a true Prophet by his Proselytes. At Merhem, his Fra­ternity became as is were a Monastery.

[Page 64] IN the times of the fore-mentioned Balthazar rise John Hut the prop and pillar of Anabaptisme up John Hut, a learned man, the prop and pillar of Anabaptisme, an eminent despiser of Paedobap­tisme, which kinde of Baptisme he accounted the execrable fiction of the Schoolmen; whence it came, that he perswaded men, that if they were not baptized by him and his, they must necessarily incurre great dan­ger to their souls. To which he added, that, those who were honoured with the prerogative of his Baptisme, Anabaptists aime at the advancement of thmselves, but destruction of others. should be the restored people of Israel, and that the wicked Canaanites should be destroied by their swords, and that God himselfe should reveal from heaven the times wherein these things should be fulfilled. To visions and horrible dreams, (which he thought proceeded to him from God) he gave great credit, and he affirmed that Hut his credu­lity in dreams. and visions. he saw the preparations of the last day, and the An­gel going to blow the Trumpet, by an indisputable re­velation from Gold Upon the account of which dreams, his Disciples as credulous as their Master, spent and de­stroied all they had, fearing the difficulties of the times, wherein they should spend them; all which being scat­ter'd and consum'd before the day came, they suffer'd a punishment, and inconveniences befitting their folly, having the lash of poverty perpetually at their backs. However they, a generation on whom the greatest quan­tity Hut accounted a true Prophet by his Prose­lytes. of black Hellebore would not be much effectual, did still adore this miraculous piece of madnesse as a true Prophet, even to admiration; of which men, some not worthy the face or name of mankind, do at this day in great numbers live at Merhern in Palaces and Covents upon their accidental contributions, and where they get their livelihood with their hands, and apply themselvs to any handy-craft, whereof they are the Masters and At Merhern the Hutfian Fraternity be­came as it were a Monastery. Governours, who by the commodities gained by them increase the common stock: They have at home with them their Cooks, their Scullions, their Errand-boies, and their Butlers, who have a care and dispose all things as they do in Monasteries and Hospitah; They study to maint [...]in mu [...]al peace and concord, being all equall. These even to this day are commonly known by the name of the Hutsian Fraternity.

LODOWICK HETZER.

Polluit ut mentem Sectis deformibus error, Corpore sic Hetzer foedus adulter erat.

THE CONTENTS.

LOdowick Hetzer a famous Heretick. He gains Proselites in Austria and Switzerland. Anno 1527. At a publick disputation Oecolampadius puts Hetzers Emissaries to their shifts. Hetzer denied Christ to be co-essentiall with the Father. His [Page 66] farewell to his Dis [...]iples. He is put to death for Adul­tery.

LOdowick Hetzer, famous for his Heresie and Learning, was first very intimately acquainted Lodowick Het­zer a famous heretick. with Nicholas Stork, and then with Thomas Muntzer, yet he agreed not with these in some things, as in that opinion of theirs of the overturning and destroying of all the powers of this world, which opinion he looking on as An item to the Hot-spurs of our times. malicious and barbaro [...]s, forsook them, and joining with John Denk, they by their mutual endeavours, sent some Prophets into Germany. But di [...]enting also from him in some things, he propagated his own Sect in Austria, and He [...]zer gains Proselytes in Austria, and Switzerland. made many Pros [...]lites at Bern in Switzerland. Which gave oc [...]a [...]ion that the Reve [...]end Senate appointed a publick disputation at Soning, and caused letters of safe conduct to be sent to Hetzer and his followers, for which bickering was set apart the first day of February, in the Anno 1527, at a publick disp [...]tation, Oecolampadi­us puts Hetzers Emissaries to their shi [...]ts. year one thousand five hundred twenty seven, where he appeared not himself, but his Emissa [...]ies came, who were by the most learned (but withall stinging,) Oecolampa­dius driven unto their shifts, and enforced to acknow­ledge conviction. Hetzer was a considerable part, and the firebrand of the Anabaptistical sect, but he stiffely denied Christ to be co-essential with the Father, which Hetzer denied Christ to be co-essential with the Father. the verses made by him upon the carrying of the Cross, do more than hint.

Ipse ego qui propriâ cuncta baec vi [...]tute creabam
Quaeris quot simus? Frustra, ego solus eram.
Hîc n [...]n tres numero, verùm sum solus, at i [...]i
Ha [...]d numero t [...]es sunt, nam qui ego, solus eram.
N [...]scio Per, onam, solus sum [...]ivus ego, & sons,
Qui me nescit, eum nescio, solus ero.
I who at first did make all things alone,
Am vainly ask'd my number; as being one.
These three did not the work, but onely I
That in these three made this great Syzygie.
I know no Person, I'm the onely Main,
And, though they know me not, will one remain.

[Page 67] He was excellent at three tongues, he undertook to tran­slate the book of Ecclesiasticus out of the Hebrew into High-Du [...]ch. Plauterus hath testified for him in writing, that he very honestly and unblameably bid farewell to his Disciples, and with most devout praiers commen­ded His farewel to his Disciples. himself to God, even to the astonishment of the beholders. He having been kept long in close prison, was on the fourth day of February, in the year one thousand five hundred twenty nine, sentenced to die: and thinking himself unworthy of the City, was led w [...]th­out the walls, where he was put to death, not for sediti­on He is put to death for Adultery. or baptisme (as Plauterus saies) but for Adultery, which act he endeavored to defend by some arguments fetcht from the holy Scriptures.

MELCHIOR HOFMAN.

Pellibus a teneris suetus, doctissime, nôsti Ho [...]manni teneras excoriare Greges.

THE CONTENTS.

HOFMAN a Skinner, and Anabaptist, Anno 1528, seduced 300 men and women at Embda in West-Friesland. His [...]ollowers accou [...]ted [...]im a Prophet. At Strasburg, he challenged the Ministe [...]s t [...] dis [...]ute, which was agreed upon Jan. 11. 1532. where [...]e [...]ng [Page 69] mildely dealt with, he is neverthelesse obstinat [...] ▪ Other Prophets and Prophetesses d [...]luded him. He de­luded himself, and volu [...]tarily pined himself to death.

IN the year one thousand five hundred twenty Anno 1528. eight, Melchior Ho [...]man a Skinner of Strasburg, a most eloquent and most cra [...]ty man, at Embda in Hofman a Skinner, and Anabaptist, se­duced 300. men and women at Embda in West-Fries­land. West Friezland, ensnared 300. men and women into his doctrine, where he conjured up Anabaptisme out of hell upon pain of damnation, whereupon being [...]eturned to the lower Provinces, who ever addressed themselves to him, he entertained them with water, bap­tizing all promiscuously. This man upon the prophecy of a certain decrepid old man went to Strasburg, it ha­ving been foretold him, that he should be cast into pri­son, A delusive pro­phecy. and remain there six moneths, at which time being set at liberty, he should, with his fellow-labourers, disperse the harvest of the Gospel through all the world, He was by his followers acknowledg'd and honour'd as His followers accounted him a great Pro­phet. a great Prophet. This was the great prop and pillar of the re [...]gn of Mu [...]ster. Having therefore made what hast he could pos [...]ible to St [...]asburg in order to the fulfi [...]ling of the phophecy, he there challenges the Ministers of the Word to dispute, which offerture the Senate engaged At Strasburg he challenged the Ministers to dispute, which was agreed up­on, Jan. 11. 1532. with, upon the eleventh of January one thousand five hundred thirty and two; at which time, the mists and clouds of errours and blindnesse, were quite dispersed by the Sunne of the Gospel. However, Ho [...]man stiffely adhered to the foresaid prophecy, as also to his own dreams and visions; nor would he acknowledge him­self overcome; but, their mildnesse having somewhat ap­peased him, he was thence dismissed, as one judged w [...]r­thy of such a place where Lepers are shut up, lest others be infected. But 'tis incredible how joyfull he was at Being mildely dealt with, he is [...]verthelesse obstinate. that newes, out of an excessive thanksgiving to God, putting o [...] ▪ his shoes, and casting his hat into the ayre, and calling the living God to witnesse, that he would live upon bread and water, before he would discover and brand the authour of that opinion. In the mean Other Prophe [...] [...] delude hi [...]. time some Prophets began to rise and keep a stirre, hinting, that he should be secured for that half year, and that afterwards he should go abroad with one hundred [Page 70] forty and four thousand Prophets, who should, without any resistance. Yet it's like, to back their prophecies, they pretended liber­ty of conscience. reduce and bring the whole world un­der the subjection of their doctrine? There was also a certain Prophetesse who should prophecy, that, this Hosman was Elias, that Cornelius Polterman was Eno [...], and that Strasburg was the new Jerusalem, and she had also dreamed, that she had been in a great spacious Hall, A Prophetess deludes him. wherein were many brethren and sisters sitting together, whereinto a certain young man in [...]ing apparel should enter, having in his hand a golden Boul of rich Nectar, which he going about should taste to every one; to whom having drunk it to the dregs, there was none Pretended to compare with him, but onely Polterman. Alas poor Melchior! He having nothing, yet made Ma­ster He deluded himself. of a strong Tower, did after the example of Esdras, signifie by Letters that his Baptisme should, be put off for two years longer, until Africk should bring forth ano­ther monster, that should carry hay in its horns. There were many other dreams, and some nocturnal pollutions, which they attributed to heaven, and thought such as should have been written in Cedar. But it was Mel­chior's pleasure to think it a miserably happy kind of He voluntarily pined himself to death. death, o die voluntarily, by pining and consuming a­way with hunger, thirst, and cold.

MELCHIOR RINCK.

Discipulos sic Rincke doce [...] Baptisma negare, Sanguine carnifices et scelerure manus!

THE CONTENTS.

MElchior Rinck, an Anabaptist. He is accounted [...] notable interpreter of dreains and visions. His [...]i­sciple Thomas Scucker, in a waking dream cut off his brother Leonard's head; pretending for his mi [...]rther obedience to the decree of God.

[Page 72] MELCHIOR RINCK, a most wonderfull Enthufiast, was also a Melchior Rinck, an Anabaptist. most extraordinary promoter of Ana­baptisme, and among his followers celebrated the festivals of it, He made it his businesse to extoll Anabaptisme above all others, with those commendations (which certainly it wanted not) Besides he was accoun­ted no ordinary promoter and interpreter of dreames He is accoun­ted a notable Interpreter of dreams and vi­sions. and visions, which it was thought, he could not per­form without the speciall indulgence of God the Father; nay, he arrived to that esteem among the chiefest of his opinion, and became so abso­lutely possessed of their minds, that his followers interpreted whatever was scattered abroad concern­ing dreames and visions, to have proceeded from heavenly inspirations from God the Father. Accor­dingly in Switzerland (to omit other particulars) at Sangall, even at a full Council, his disciple Thomas Scucker, being rapt into an Enthusiasme, (his Father His disciple Thomas Scuc­ker, in a wa­king dream cut off his Brother Leonards head. and Mother then present, and his Brother Leonard, ha­ving by his command, cast himself at his knees before him) cals for a sword, whereupon the parents and di­vers others running to know what was the cause and meaning of such an extravagant action, he bid them not to be troubled at all, for that there should happen nothing but what should be according to the will of God; Of this waking dream did they all una­nimously expect the interpretation. The foresaid Thomas [guilty alas of too much credulity] did, in the presence of all those sleeping-waking spectators cut off his own Brothers head, and having forgotten the use of water, baptized him with his own blood. But what followed? The Magistrate having sud­den notice of it, and the offence being fresh and horrid, the Malefactor is dragg'd to prison by He pretends (for his murther) obedience to the decree of God. head and shoulders, where he, having long con­sidered his action with himself, professed he had therein obeyed the decrees of the Divine power. These things, did the unfortunate yeare one thou­sand Anno 1527. [Page 73] five hundred twenty and seven see. Here men may perceive, in a most wicked and unjustifiable action, the eminent tracts of an implacable fury and madnesse; which God of his infinite goodnesse and mercy avert from these times.

ADAM PASTOR.

Nomine qui Pastor tu Impostor moribus audis, Qui â recto teneras Tramite ducis oues.

THE CONTENTS.

ADam Pastor a derider of Paedobaptisme. He revived the Arrian heresie. His foolish interpretation of that place, Gen. 2. 17. so often consuted.

[Page 75] ADAM PASTOR, a man born at a vil­lage in Westphalia, was one of those, who with Adam Pastor a derider of Paedobaptisme. the middle finger pointed at Paedobaptisme; that is to say, looked upon it with indignation, as a thing ridiculous, being of the same opinion in that busi­nesse, as Menno and Theodorus Philip, but as to the incar­nation of God, hee was of a quite contrary judgment. For Menno held, that Christ was something more wor­thy and more divine then the seed of a woman, but (our) Adam stood upon it, that he was lesse worthy then that of God, so that he rowsed up the Arrian he­resie, He revived the Arrian heresie. which had lain so long asleep, as having been but too famous in the year three hundred twenty five. For in a certain book of his, whose title was, OF GOD'S MERCIE, he writ thus, The most divine word, which is the main considerable in our business, is written in the second of Gen. v. 17. The day that yee shall eat of the fruit, ye shall die the death; This is that word, which is made flesh. Joh. 1. Yea that God which is uncapable of His foolish in­terpretation of that place, Gen. 2 17. suffering and impassible, is made passible, and he that was immortal, is made mortal; for he was crucisied, and died for our advantage. To be brief, he held, that Christ was not to be accounted any thing but the hand, the finger, or the voice of God. But although the opinion or Religion of this (third, but most unfaithful) Pastor Adam wander out of the limits of divinity, and that it seem to be an ancient heresie, containing nothing in it but what is childish, tri­fling, and meer foppery, & hath been confuted & brought to nothing by the most religious preachers of the word His opinion hath been sufficiently resuted. of God, notwithstanding the barking of the viperous progeny of Arrius and Servetus; yet he hath this in particular, that he would have us look narrowly to his explication of the second of Genesis, which he so com­mends, where he foolishly and vainly endeavours to prove that the prohibition there, is the word made flesh. This monster did not onely beget this sect, but nursed it; here are baites, allurements, and all the poisonable charmes imaginable that may cunningly seduce the best and most innocent of men. But alas! where is the free and indulgent promise of God of the seed of the wo­man, which cuts the very throat of the Divell, and tyes [Page 76] him in the strictest chains? where are his often promi­ses to Abraham? to Isaac? to Israel and to his old people, confirmed by a league so solemnly made? In thy seed all the earth shall be blessed. And thou shalt be a blessing un­to me. This seed, witnesse the Apostle, is none other than Christ himself, whom God without question meant. The desperate contagion of this man's Religion did Servetus and his adherents professe, embrace, and celebrate.

HENRY NICHOLAS.

Vestra Domus Nicholae cadat, quae exrudore versoe Futile fundamen Religionis habet.

THE CONTENTS.

HENRY NICHOLAS, Father of the Family of Love. He is against Infant-Baptisme. His divelish Logick.

[Page 78] THere was also ore Henry Nicholas the Father Henry Nicho­las Father of the Family of Love. of the Family of Love, (as he called himself) and not the meanest man of all his Gang, one who by many means endeavoured to cripple the Baptisme of Children, as is too known and apparent out of his writings, which at a third hand, he with all He is against Infant-Baptism freedom, earnestnesse and kindnesse, endeavored to com­municate to David George and the other of his fellow-labourers, and his new Jerusalem friends. This man in a Pamphlet of his, wherein he notably described him­self, and which he dedicated to an intimate friend of his under the name of L. W. maintaining that the As to that mi­nute (if he con­fine not God) we may believe him. mi­nute of the last Trumpet was coming, that should un­fold all the Books of unquiet consciences, hell, and eter­nal Judgement, which should be found to have been onely things grounded upon meer lies, and as all wicked and high misdeeds were hateful and detestable to God, so also were glorious and plausible lies no lesse odious to him. The same man endeavoured to perswade people, that he was a partaker of God, and the humanity of his Son. He further affirmed, that at the last day God should bring all men, nay the Divels themselvs into His blasphemy. perfect happinesse. All the things that were said of Doubtless he hugg'd himself in this opinion. Divels, of Hell or Angels, and eternal Judgment, and the pains of Damnation; he said, were onely told by the Scripture to cause fear of civil punishments, and to His divellish Logick. establish right Policy.

FINIS.

The Conclusion.

These few things we have brought to light, were not invented by us, but were extorted out of their own Dis­ciples, with abundance of discourse, not without the presence of many men of godlinesse and excellent un­derstanding, Hereticks al­low not of the Scriptures. they admitting not the universal rule of the Scriptures. But alas! take these away, where is Faith? fear of God? eternal happinesse? But let us believe them, let us believe them, and we shall bee saved.

Oh! that to Heresies I could say

An Alphabetical TABLE to the Revelation of Hereticks.

A.
  • APious Act. 48.
  • Adam Pastor, a derider of Paedobaptisme, 7 [...]. &c.
  • Anabaptists their leading principle, 3. usually they grow worse and worse, ibid. their bold attempt, 14. &c. where Masters most insolent, 10. of a levelling prin­ciple, 21. they, as the Divel, pretend Scripture for their base actions, 2 [...] they aime at universal Monarchy, ibid. their de­ [...]ign upon Amsterdam, 24. they aim at the advance­ment of themselves, but destruction of others, 64 they would inforce o­thers to their opinions; yet: pretend liberty of conscience as to them­selves. 70.
  • Arrius, his character, and wretched death, 55. &c.
  • Arrianisine, its increase. 56.
B.
  • JOhn Buckhold, or John of Leyden, His actions and end. 1 [...]. &c.
C.
  • CAlvin's reproof of Servetus, 54
  • Godly and loyal Citizen [...] hate usurpation. 18
  • Conventicles usually the nurseries of Tumults. 13
D.
  • THe Divel an enemy of peace. 9
E.
  • A Bad Example soon fol­lowed. 18
F.
  • FAmine the consumma­tion of all misery. 25
  • its character, &c. 26
G.
  • DAvid George, an Ana­baptist, his character doctrine, actions, and death. 40, &c.
H.
  • HEresie a catching, or mad disease. 33
  • Hereticks, their usual pre­rence, 2. the end that they propose to them­selves in opposing the Ministry and Magistra­cy, 2. they are restless. 3. their cruelty, 19. they are inconstant in their opinions, 34. they allow not of the Scriptures. 78
  • Hermannus Sutor, or Her­man the Cobler, his blas­phemies, opinions and end. 30. &c.
  • Lodowick Hetzer, a famous Heretick, 65, &c. his end, 67.
  • [Page] Melchior Hosman an Ana­baptist, 68. pined him­self to death. 69
  • Balthazar Hubmor an Ana­baptist, 60, &c. he and his wife burned, 62
  • John Hut an Anabaptist, 63, &c.
I
  • JOhn of Leyden, vide Buckhold.
  • An item to the Hotspurs of our times, 66
K.
  • BErnard Knipperdoling, 16
L.
  • THe Learned to be con­sulted with, in detecti­on of Sectaries and Here­ticks, 45
  • Loyaltie not alwaies suc­cesseful 19
  • Luther's advice to the Se­nate concerning Munt­zer, 4
M.
  • MAgistrates seduced, most ominous 5
  • A pattern for good Magi­strates. 44
  • Mabomet characterized, 58 &c. his iron Tomb, 59
  • John Mathias a Baker at Harlem, his actions and end, 8, &c.
  • Moneys & preferments, the usual baits of sedition, 25
  • Thomas Muntzer, His Opi­nions, actions, and end. 1. &c.
N.
  • HEnry Nicholas Father of the Family of Love, he is against Insant-Bap­tisme, his blasphemy, and divellish Logick, 77, &c.
  • OEcolampadius puts Het­zer's Emissaries to their shifts. 66
P.
  • AN ill President soon followed, [...]
  • Pretenders to Religion, prove usually the distur­bers thereof 9
R.
  • A Good Resolution, 44, 48
  • Melchior Rinck, an Anabap­tist, 71, &c. his disciple Thomas Scucker cut off his or others head, 72
S.
  • SEctaries like [...]inder, are soon on fire, 3. their usual pretence to raise sedition, ibid.
  • Sedi [...]ion goes not alwaies unpunished, 21
  • Michael Servetus an Ana­baptist, his blasphemous opinions and end, 51, &c.
  • Success in bad enterprises causes evil men to rejoice 31
T.
  • THeodorus Sartor, or Theodor the Botcher, an Adamite, his blasphemy, actions, and end, 37, &c.
  • John Tuysentschreuer, an abettor of John Buck­hold, 19, &c. his seditious Sermon, 21
V.
  • Vice corrects sin, 3 [...].
FINIS.

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