The VVill, and Legacies, OF Cardinall Richelieu, The Grand Pollititian of FRANCE; Together with certaine Jnstructions which he left the French King.

Also some remarkeable passages that hath happened in France, since the death of the said CARDINALL.

Translated out of the French Copie, by G. Dugres


Ianuary 5. printed by T. Fawcet. 1643.

The most Eminent JOHN ARMAN DU PLESSIS, Cardinall of RICHELIEV▪ the grand Polititian of France his WILL.

He hath left

to Madam the Dutchesse of Aiguil­lon, formerly called Madam Cambalet, and his Neece.
  • A Rent to be taken in the City of Ro­chell of Sixty thousand pounds.
  • His brave House of Ruelles, five leagues from Paris, and 20000. l.
  • Another House, and lands of Two hundred and twenty thousand pounds per annum.
  • A million of Gold, besides the Silver ready coy­ned, all the moveables, Iewels, Pictures, Statues, and silver Plate.
To the Sonne of Monsieur Du Pont de Courle, his Nephew.
  • THe Dukedome of Richelieu, and some other Lands, to the summe of 200000. l. per annum.
  • [Page 3] The Governourship of Brouages, and of the Islands of Poictou.
  • The Admiralship worth 200. pounds per annum.
To the two Brothers of Du Pont de Courle.
TWo hundred pounds per annum, in Church­livings.
To the Marquis of Breze his Brother in law.
  • THe Dukedome of Fronsac,
  • the Dukedome of Beaufort en Valler, betweene Saumur and la Flesche,
the Marquisat of Granduille,
a House in Anjou of Five thousand pounds per annum, which he shall injoy with all the lands aforenamed, moun­ting to One thousand pounds per annum.
To the King.
  • FIve thousand Crowne [...] in Silver,
  • his Pallace cal­led Le Palais du Cardinal, and Lands belonging to it, to finish it.
  • The great Diamond Ring of the value of One thousand Crownes, his Chappell of Diamonds praised to aboue One hundred thousand Crownes.
  • Eight suites of Arras imbroidered in Gold.
  • Eight snites of movables compleat Furnitures.
To the Daulphin.
HIs Library praised to fifty thousand Crownes, and Lands belonging to it to finish the brave Colledge of Sorbonne.
To the Cardinall Mazarin his Successor.
TWelve thousand Crownes in Church-livings per annum.
To Monsieur de Nogers a grand Statesman and his Executor.
A Rubie of Eight huddred Crownes. It seemeth that the Cardinall knew his Exe­cutor could helpe himselfe well enough, being hee left him so little.
To Monsieur de Chavigny.
ONe Diamond of 100. Crownes, and some other Legacies to his men, and followers, which being not comparable to the rest, are not here specified.
To the Cardinall of Lyons his Brother, to Monsieur De la Mesleraie his Nephew, and the greatest Warrier France hath now, to the Grand-Prier of Champaigne, and to the Dutchesse of Anguien his Neece, and Wise to the Prince of Conde his Sonne,
nothing at all. What Policy did perswade him to deale so with these his Kinsfolkes, I know not: Had hee left no­thing to never a Kinsman or Kinswoman, I should thinke, that perhaps he would have the world know that he did not labour for his owne Kindred.

His Instructions to the King.

I. THat hee should warre three yeares longer with Spaine, and then if he pleased he might make Peace to his best advantage and glory.

II. That he keepe alwaies the Princes, and No­bles downe, and let them come neere his Person as little as he can.

III. To take heed of the Prince of Conde, because he is a busie Spirit, & of the Duke of Anguien his Son, because he is ambitious, and of a haughty spirit.

[Page 4] IIII. To mistrust alwaies the Queene▪ because she is a Spanish-woman, and also Mounsieur his Brother, because he is much inclined to Spaine, as it hath appeared by his former doings and demeanors.

V. To make use of his old Ministers of State, because they are already full, and if so be that he should take new ones, and Starve­lings, they will devoure, and consume the People.

IV. That he should alwaies keepe a faire cor­respodency with the Protestants, by reason that his most Potent and chiefe Enemy be­ing the King of Spaine, the surest Subjects he can imploy against him are the Prote­stants, for the Papist Commanders and Governours of places may bee corrup­ted by the Spanish-Gold, but the Prote­stants will never be seduced by him, nei­ther will they admit of him, because of his Religion, and Jnquisition.

[Page 5] The King is very glad to see about him a great multitude of People, who deliver and utter their minds freely to him.

The greatest Miracle the Cardinall did by his death was, that he made many thousands of People speake, which were dumbe before.

His Majesty doth protest highly, that he will ne­ver entertaine any favourite, that hath any Guards.

His Majesty asked Councell of Mounsieur De An­goulesme what he was to doe, who Councelled him three things.

  • 1. To chuse a good and honest Councell.
  • 2. That he should alwaies have his Councell nigh him▪
  • 3. Not to relye upon any body for the Government of his Kingdome, but that he should take notice himselfe of things.

The Cardinall Mazarin is not like to subsist long by reason that being a Stranger, and one inclined to the Pope, he will be alwaies suspected and hated.

Upon Monday last the Couucell was assembled at St. Germain, where the King was present, and inqui­red into the businesses.

Upon Saturday last he sent for the Ambassadors to come to him the next day, unto which he gave audience, and told them hee would entertaine as good correspondencie as before, and rather better.

The Declaretion formerly made against Mounsieur the Kings Brother, about the Treaty with the King of Spain, was lately proued, and enregistred; Moun­sieur Munier and Silleren, Councellors of the great Chamber, spoke very much in Mounsieurs be­halfe alleadging, that it was ill to condemne a per­son of his quallity before he was heard, since that fa­vour [Page] is not denyed to men of farre lesse condition, and most guilty; That it is to draw the hatred of a Sonne of France, and to breed a hartburning be­tweene two great Brothers, and besides that this should redound upon the Kings renowne, and that it was fit to gather all the enquests, and informations together before his sentence, but notwithstanding all these reasons. Le Roy la ainsi Voulu.

Yet Mounsieur De Senetene was sent to him to Bloys, with a moderation, and hopes of suppression of that Declaration, in case that he behaveth him­selfe better. This was a great piece of pollicy, to show that France was still governed by the Cardi­nals Genius, even after his death.

The Marshall of Breeze is in great favour with the King, he was lately with Mounsieur Bassompierre, and laboureth much for his liberty, the King answe­red him, he must stay a while.

There is great disscention between the Marshall of Breeze, and my Lady, by reason of the Will, the Prince of Conde, and the Duke of Anguien his Son, take part with the Marshall of Breeze, and good reason too, because the Cardinall left them nothing, they endeavour to have the Will annulled, if it hol­deth, the Dutchesse of Aiguillon shall enjoy 800. M. per annum, besides the Gold, Silver, Plate, and move­ables she hath already. The Earle of Dublin was lately shot with a Pistoll by Mr. De Bonnivet.

It is thought that Trafflicke and Commerce, will be for­bidden with Romans, by reason of the Audience denyed by the Pope, unto the Ambassador of Portugall, and discon­tent offered to the French Ambassador, which both left Rome in a great rage and fury.


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