LETTERS OF THE Cardinal Duke De RICHELIEU, Great Minister of State TO LEWIS XIII. of France.

Faithfully Translated from the Original, By T. B.

In Two Volumes. VOL. I.

LONDON, Printed for A. Roper, A. Bosvile, and T. Leigh, in Fleetstreet, 1698.


To his Excellency, Sir Joseph Williamson, Knight, one of His Majesty's most Honora­ble Privy-Council, Keeper of the Records of State, a Mem­ber of the Honorable House of Commons, and one of His Majesty's Embassadors-Ex­traordinary and Plenepotenti­aries for the Treaty of a Ge­neral Peace.


THis having been esteem'd one of the best Pieces of the Ablest Mi­nister of State in the Age wherein he liv'd, I thought I cou'd not do a great­er Justice to his Memory, than to address these Remains of his to a Person whom the Greatest, Wisest, and Best of Monarchs has made Choice of to be imploy'd in the most Important Treaty that ever con­cern'd Europe; as one, who by a Consum­mated [Page] Experience in Negotiations of this Nature, has approv'd himself an Able and Faithful Minister.

Nor can such a Work as this be De­dicated to any Person, more properly than to your Excellency, since it con­sists of Letters of State, and some of the Choicest and most Useful Instructi­ons relating both to War and Peace, du­ring that Great Man's Administration, and which may be of Publick Benefit at this Time.

May the Success of Your present Negotiation answer the Expectation which Your Country has of Your Great Abilities, such as may establish Christendom in a firm Peace, and lasting Tranquillity.

This I conceive is the best Apology can be made for the Presumption of

Your Excellency's most Humble, and most Obedient Servant, T. B.


THE very Name of Cardinal Richelieu is enough to set a Value upon the Col­lection of Letters that are here published. The least Productions of so great a Man cannot but find an Universal Esteem. This Illustrious Minister not only signaliz'd himself by his extraordinary Address in the Manage­ment of Affairs, but reduc'd that difficult and mysterious Art into certain Maxims. He was not only acquainted with the most refin'd Poli­ticks, but he likewise writ concerning them with a Penetration and Exactness that are admirable. His Politic Testament suffici­ently confirms the Truth of this Assertion. That incomparable Piece has been deservedly looked upon as the best in its kind; and In his Speech to the Gen­tlemen of the Aca­demy. Monsieur de la Bruyere, who, as he is one of the most profound Authors of this Age, is Master of the greatest Politeness, thought him­self oblig'd to take Notice of that everlasting [Page] Monument of his great, Abilities, and consi­ders it as a Work that deserves to live for ever.

If these Praises are due to the Politic Testament of Cardinal Richelieu, as must be acknowledged on all hands, it may safely be affirm'd, that they belong as justly to the following Collection of Letters. We may in them discover the same Genius, and the same Solidity; with this difference however, that whereas in the above-mention'd Book, Matters of State are barely deliver'd in Rules and Precepts, we behold the Cardinal in these Letters, acting by those Rules and Pre­cepts upon all emergent Occasions. Here we behold his incomparable Address in the hap­py managing of the nicest and the most per­plext Negotiations, his indefatigable Activi­ty, his great Foresight, which extended it self as well to small as to great Affairs; his prodigious Intrepidity, that engag'd him in the boldest Undertakings, which generally succeeded with mighty Glory to him. In short, That Superiority of Genius, which eleva­ted him even above the Prince he served, and made him formidable to the Grandees of his own Country; nay, to all the Princes of Europe.

These Letters are written upon different Subjects, and are addressed to several Per­sons; however, they all along preserve the [Page] Character which is suitable to them. That Simplicity of Style which is perpetually visi­ble in them, is so far from being Disadvanta­geous to them, that it only makes them more grave, and more proper for the Person that composed them. Every one knows that it would look with a very ill Grace for a Mi­nister of State to affect that scrupulous Nice­ty and Politeness of Language in his Di­spatches, which sits well upon none but one that is a Bel-Esprit by Profession. Here the whole is accommodated to the Subject: The Reader will all along discover abundance of pretty Maxims, and judicious Reflexions; but they are every where imploy'd to the Pur­pose, and without the least Spice of Affecta­tion. Besides these things, which are with­out doubt sufficient of themselves to raise the Curiosity of the Reader, he will meet with a world of Remarkable Passages that fell out under the Reign of Lewis XIII. and are to be found no where else; I mean some par­ticular Circumstances that have escaped the Diligence of the Historians of those Times, and cou'd never have been known but for Car­dinal Richelieu, or other Persons that were actually in the Bottom of those Affairs.

Since the World receiv'd the Letters of Cardinal Mazarin so favourably, I may with­out Presumption dare to say, That they will read these with greater Pleasure and Profit; [Page] for there is much more of Action, more particu­lar Things, and a greater Variety of Matter, than the former do contain. The Reader need only compare these two Collections, to be convin­ced of the truth of what I have advanc'd.


VOL. I. Page 169. Line 31. for Monsieur de Nesmes, read the Bishop of Nesmes. p. 174. l. 23. for Plat r. Plan. p 248. l. 1. for the Count, r. the Count de Soissons. p. 253. l. 30. where the Reader meets the Word Madam put by it self, there, and in several other places, he must read, the Dutchess of Savoy. p. 307. l. 4. for her Son's States, r. her Son's Country.

Vol. II. p. 1. l. 11. for Monsieur of Savoy, r. the Duke of Savoy. So Monsieur of Lorrain, in any other place, for the Duke of Lorrain. p. 89. l. 1. for Monsieur de Bourdeaux, r. the Archbishop.

LETTERS OF THE Cardinal de Richelieu. VOL. I.

LETTER I. To * * *


'TIS an unspeakable Joy to me to find by your Letter, that his Holiness has conde­scended to grant me that Dignity, which the King was willing to have me honour­ed with, since so authentick an Approba­tion will without question cover those Defects that I may be guilty of: I shall think my self extremely happy, if while I serve the King and State, he gives me as frequent op­portunities of serving the Church, as I do, and ever shall desire to have so long as I live. In the mean time I give you a thousand Thanks for the great Satisfaction you have express'd upon this Occasion, humbly begging you to believe that it will be a most particular one to my self, when I shall have an Opportunity to convince you by the Effects rather than by Words, that I am,

Your most affectionate Brother, to serve you, The Cardinal de Richelieu.

LETTER II. To Monsieur de Herbaux at Rome.


I Have receiv'd the two Letters which you sent me inclos'd in that of the Sieur Rabbi, on the 9th. of August, with a Cypher to them, in the same Pacquet. I thank you for the good Advice you sent me, and have not fail'd to ac­quaint the King with it, as I was oblig'd to do, for his Service, and your Satisfaction: We shall make use of it as Physicians do of innocent Remedies, that never hurt. His Majesty is resolv'd at any rate to ridd himself of this Affair of the Valtoline, provided his Honour will not suffer by it. As for my self, I cannot sufficiently admire how the Pope comes to stir himself no more in a Busi­ness of such vast importance, not only to the Church, but to Christendom in general. I am very well satisfy'd that the Interest of Urbin, where he apprehends the Spa­niards concern themselves in favour of the Great Duke, makes him act with so much reservation upon this occasion. But then 'tis as plain, that there are other general Inte­rests, that more nearly regard the common Good of the Church, and consequently that of the Holy Chair, which ought to incline his Holiness to put an End to this Af­fair; it being certain that things are sometimes carried farther than one cou'd have imagin'd at their first starting up, and that if France engages her Word to other Prin­ces and States, that are willing to assist her in this Con­juncture, it will be no easie matter to bring her off again. I can assure you, his Majesty is so strict an Observer of his Word, that when he has once given his Promise, no­thing in the World can induce him to violate it. From this Affair I pass to the Dispensation for the Match with England, and must tell you, the King is extremely sur­priz'd at some Reports that come from Rome, that the Pope will not allow it upon lower Terms than he grant­ed that with Spain: 'Tis enough, as I conceive, for the obtaining it, that the King shall procure such Articles [...] are necessary for the Salvation of the Princess, and [Page 3] all her Family, and that there be room to hope that the Catholicks of England will be gainers by the Marriage: Now the Affair is not only in this Condition, but we have procur'd more advantageous Terms, as Monsieur de Berule will inform you farther. Thus his Majesty ha­ving done every thing for his Holiness, that cou'd be expected from a Christian Prince, and one of his known Piety, there is not the least Appearance to believe he will receive any other Treatment but what he may just­ly expect. There is no necessity to stick to the Articles of Spain, but only to see whether those of France are lawful and sufficient. Now since they are really such, what a Displeasure will it be to his Majesty, to receive a Refusal, which may, perhaps, carry him to some Ex­tremities, that I wou'd not by my good Will, so much as think of. Not to insist upon the Zeal I have for his Majesty's Interests, I shou'd rather chuse to suffer the severest Loss, than that ever things shou'd run to such a Crisis, which without doubt will prove prejudicial to the Church. I conjure you to represent at large to his Holiness, all that has been hinted to you in this Letter, and to assure him, that as upon a Refusal of the Dispensation, a World of Inconveniences will inevita­bly follow, so that abundance of Good may be expected from his Holiness's speedy dispatch of it. Pray conti­nue to write to me, and I will take care to answer your Letters, and to make it appear upon all Occasions, that I am,

Your most Affectionate, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER III. To * * *


I Shew'd the King your last Letter, which I can assure you has been throughly consider'd, and you will find by the Effect, that your Advice will be always regarded as it deserves.

Monsieur de Bethune will communicate to you part of the Dispatch, that was sent to him by the Courier, and that will sufficiently instruct you what is to be done in these present Occurrences.

I cannot imagine but that the Pope must think of ac­commodating the matter of the Valtoline, because many Inconveniences may happen upon his not doing it, which you so well know, that I will not pretend to lay down the particulars here.

I judge it very proper for our Affairs, that you should recover the Diurnal of the Sauvages: To effect which, you may promise as far as a Pension of fifty Crowns reaches. In doing this you may use such mea­sures as you think the Affair will require, but you must not exceed the aforesaid Summ. Assure your self that N [...]s [...]r will mind his Business better for the time to come, that he has hitherto done.

As for what relates to the Breviary, there will no more mention be made of it here. The Person about whom you writ to me, being sent with all the requisite Submis­sions, to preserve every one in his Rights, and this has taken away all Jealousies.

The Letters of 49. shall most assuredly be kept Secret: The same shall be done if you think fit, with those of 41. With this [...] conclude my Letter, and earnestly de­sire you to believe that I am,

Your most Affectionate Brother to serve you, RICHELIEU.

LETTER IV. To * * *


I Am extremely glad that the Proposals which Monsieur de Bethune has been order'd to make to the Pope, have been judg'd reasonable. I shall exceedingly wonder, if his Holiness does not hasten on his Part, to determine this Affair, as he is oblig'd in Interest, considering what ill Effects may happen upon his neglect of it. If his Ma­jesty's Councel had been six Months ago such as it is at present, we had taken wholsome Resolutions here much earlier, and so Matters might have ended according to all our Desires: But then it was impossible. What gives me the greatest disturbance is, that we loose a sine Opportu­nity of advancing the Interests of Religion, all long of this unfortunate Affair, to which, I hope, Heaven will put a speedy Conclusion. I can positively assure you, that nothing shall be omitted for the future, to rid us fairly of it, no more than I shall be wanting in my own particular, to testifie to you upon all Occasions, that I shall be ready to serve you, who am,

Your most Affectionate Brother, RICHELIEU.

LETTER V. To * * *


SInce I receiv'd your Letter of the seventh of October, you know what has been the Success of the Valtoline. For this reason I shall forbear to say any thing to you a­bout it in this Letter. Nor shall I here trouble you with the Particulars of the Match with England, but inform you of them by the Courier, whom the King will dis­patch to Rome upon this Occasion. In the mean time I conjure you to rest fully satisfy'd of my Affection to you, and assure your self that I am,

Your most Affectionate Brother, RICHELIEU.

LETTER VI. To * * *


I Have receiv'd your Letters, in answer to which, have abundance of things to say to you, and particu­larly about the Affair of the Valtoline, but that I am sa­tisfy'd that you have been already inform'd of them by the Marquis de Coeuvres, who I suppose does not fail to write often to Monsieur de Bethune. You'll find the Arti­cles of the Marriage with England are all agreed upon; so that nothing is wanting now to put an End to this Af­fair, but a Dispensation from his Holiness, who without doubt will most readily grant it, since the Condition are so advantageous to Religion. So soon as 'tis dis­patched, [Page 7] which I hope will be done with all convenient speed, Madam will set forward for Great Britain, where she is impatiently expected, as we are inform'd by the Ambassadors of England. Their Majesties are ex­tremely well pleas'd with this Alliance, and you'll rea­dily own that 'tis not without good reason. And now I passionately wish for an Opportunity to let you know with what Sincerity I am,

Your most Affectionate, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER VII. To * * *


IN answer to yours of the 19th. of the last Month, I can positively assure you, that for the time to come the King will omit nothing that may be necessary to re-esta­blish things in the Valtoline, as they ought to be. The Pope cannot take it amiss, since 'tis really for the benefit of Christendom, and of the Holy Chair; and indeed 'tis not reasonable that the Spaniards shou'd press the See of St. Peter so nearly, that his Successors may come to be incommoded by it. The King's Council will vigorously second his Majesty's Inclinations upon all these Occasions. In the effecting of this, his Majesty has no intentions to disturb the Repose of Christendom, but only to maintain his own Reputation. I am satisfy'd you are of the same Opinion in this Matter, with my self, who am,

Your most Affectionate Brother, RICHELIEU.



THE King is extremely concern'd that he is not able to comply with all that the Sieur de Nardy demands in his Holiness's Name. If the Spaniards were not a sort of People that wou'd certainly take Advantage of every thing, the Requests of his Holiness have always such an Influence upon his Majesty, that he wou'd freely grant them. If the Pope were inclin'd to dispose of one part of France, he might do it without controul; but not­withstanding this Deference to his Holiness, and the Af­fection which the King has for his Person, his Majesty is oblig'd to manage himself with this caution in the Business of the Valtoline. I will not take upon me here to ac­quaint you with what, may and what may not be done, referring my self as for that, to Monsieur d' Herbault; but this I will tell you, that the King, who for his part has no intentions to make War, does not think himself ob­lig'd to a Cessation, and that he pays so profound a re­gard to the Person of his Holiness, that let this Matter be accommodated how it will, it will be much more agreeable to him, if 'tis done before him and by him, than if concluded in any other place, or by any other means whatsoever.

The Advices you receiv'd about the Hugonots, are but too true. Those People, instigated by the Devil, or some­thing as bad, have already begun to shew their ill In­clinations, having enter'd the Port of Blavet by Surprize, and landed with some Peices of Canon, with which they batter'd the Fort two Days, and thought to carry it by Treachery, or by putting the Garison in a Fright. The King has already receiv'd the News, that the whole Province march'd to their Relief; upon which the Ene­my got aboard their Vessels again, to save themselves, but took away two or three Ships of Monsieur de Nevers, that were then in the Harbour. These Attempts have been so far from hindering his Majesty's Designs, that he has [Page 9] already got together six Thousand Men in Bretagne, and six Thousand in Poictou, and reinforc'd the Armies of Champagne and Picardy, with twelve Thousand Men, and two thousand Horse; so that without any mag­nifying of Matters, the King pays at this present time sixty Thousand Effective Men in his own Kingdom, and six Thousand Horse. I hope God will give a good issue to his Majesty's Affairs. In the mean time I assure you that I am,

Your most Affectionate, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER IX. To * * *


LEt your Speculative People at Rome make what Re­flexions they please upon the Enterprize of Monsieur de Soubize, yet here we are in hopes that he will do us no great Mischief. The King, to render his Design ineffectual, has equipp'd thirty Vessels of five hundred Tun each, which will infallibly reduce him to his Duty. Nor is this all, for his Majesty, to secure himself of those of the pretended Reform'd Religion, who wou'd have been glad to see new troubles in his Kingdom, and remove to those places where they look upon them­selves to be the strongest, has brought into the Field in Languedoc and Poictou, six Thousand Foot, and five Hun­dred Horse in each of those Provinces. His Majesty has taken this Course to keep all quiet at home, and at the same time continues to act abroad, pursuant to his first Resolutions. And altho' so many Affairs, which he has upon his Hands at once, engage him in an extraordinary Expence: Nevertheless, Heaven be prais'd, he has found out a way to support them, without incommoding him­self, having this Year provided above six Millions, to [Page 10] answer all Emergencies. This is what I had to commu­nicate to you upon this Subject, entreating you earnest­ly to believe that I am,

Your most Affectionate Brother, RICHELIEU.

LETTER X. To * * *


THough I writ to you yesterday by F. Joseph, and sent you Word that we were upon the Point of enter­ing into a Conference with the Legate, yet I thought fit to take Pen in Hand again, to acquaint you that the King and his Ministers are intirely well satisfy'd with his Person. As for what relates to his Proposals, he de­mands that there be a Cessation of Arms, that the Forts of the Valtoline be put into his Holiness's Hands, and that the Valtolines be exempted from the Government and Jurisdiction of the Grisons; all which his Majesty and Council have absolutely refused for several Reasons, some of which you your self have often laid down in your Letters, and the rest you may find in the Letter which his Majesty has writ to Monsieur de Bethune. All that I have to tell you upon this Subject is, that the Negotiation is spun out so long, that I am afraid it will not have that Effect, which it were to be wish'd it might have, for the Good of Christendom. If the Le­gate makes any other Overtures, that may be embrac'd without hurting the Reputation and Interests of his Ma­jesty, both he and those that have the Honour to be of his Council, will be extremely glad to give all imaginable content to his Holiness and him. I am,

Your most Affectionate Brother, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XI. To the King, upon his Promotion to the Dignity of Cardinal, 1622.
Out of Monsieur du Puy's Cabinet, MS. 569.


AS God showers down his Blessings upon his Crea­tures, not to receive any thing from them, since of himself he possesses all; but only to render them more happy, and more capable to accomplish his Will; so your Majesty, who is a lively Image of the Divinity, will not think it strange, if in thanking you for the Ho­nour to which your Goodness has rais'd me, I can do nothing else but profess an entire and religious Obedi­ence to your Commands, and assure you that I wou'd rather choose not to live at all, than fail to employ my Life and Dignity (which I owe to your Majesty's Boun­ty, as I do every thing I possess) perpetually in your Service. I beg of Heaven that it will permit me to be so happy in this Design, that my Actions may signalize me much more than the Purple, with which you have been pleas'd to Honour me. Then, SIR, and not till then, the Satisfaction I begin now to receive, will become perfect; for the only Passion I have in the World, is by all imaginable Demonstrations to convince you that I am,

Your Majesty's most humble, most obliged, and most obedient Subject and Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XII. To the King.


I Am sensible that as a Subject cannot, without a Crime, become troublesome to his Prince, by making impor­tunate Demands, so he ought not to refuse the Effects of his Liberality. Tho' I have hitherto preserved my self from the first of these Inconveniences, yet, to my great regret, I find my self constrain'd to fall into the latter, humbly imploring your Majesty not to be offended that I cannot accept of the two Abbies which you have been pleas'd to bestow upon me. If I presum'd to make this Supplication without Cause, I confess it wou'd be very cri­minal; but since 'tis grounded upon Reason, I'm per­suaded you'll approve of it. Your Majesty knows that both these places are become vacant by the Death of the Grand Prior. Now as I was a Member of your Council when the Interests of your State oblig'd you to cause his Person to be apprehended, I shou'd act directly con­trary to my Conscience, if I shou'd raise to my self a­ny Advantage by his Misfortune, or share in his Spoils. I have already receiv'd several Marks of your Majesty's Bounty; and since you have upon this occasion declar'd your Inclinations of conferring others upon me, I can assure you that I will never be so ill advis'd as to re­fuse them, if your Service does not oblige me to the contrary, as my own Sentiments do in this matter. I conjure you, SIR, to accept of these Considerations, and to rest satisfy'd, that the only Interests I will cultivate, during the whole Course of my Life, shall be yours, and the Honour that may be acquir'd by serving so great a Prince. I am,

Your Majesty's most humble, most oblig'd, and most obedient Subject and Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XIII. To the Queen, upon the taking of Privas.


THat your Majesty might be fully inform'd of all the remarkable Occurrences that happen here, I have dispatch'd this Bearer to you with all speed, to acquaint you that five or six hundred Men, who had retir'd into the Fort of Thoulon, having surrender'd themselves at Dis­cretion to his Majesty, the King was resolv'd to have part of them hang'd, another sent to the Gallies, and the least guilty among them to be pardon'd. But so it fell out, that as the Guards were entring the above-mention'd Fort, to prevent any Disorder, some Hugonots, more desperate than their Fellows, and among the rest one Chambelan of Privas, who had, as long as he was able, oppos'd their Surrendring at Discretion, by representing to them, That such People were generally hang'd for their pains; and that it was better to die by Fire, than by a Halter: I'll immediately, said he, ha­ving a Match in his Hand, set Fire to the Powder. And had no sooner said so, but was as good as his Word. The Fire destroy'd some of them; and others in the Fright threw themselves from the Bastion on which they stood, clearly out of the Fort, which was encompas­sed with the whole Army; for we were forc'd to block up the place before they wou'd surrender: But the Sol­diers imagining that they had blown up the Guards, who it seems were upon a high Platform above this Bastion, fell so outrageously upon these poor Men that leapt down, that they kill'd above two hundred of them, and that with such Fury and Disorder, that several of the Army were slain there, and some principal Officers had much ado to save themselves. Dr. Mullot fancied he shou'd have been dispatch'd thither as a Minister, but at present is more vexed at the Quality that has been given him, than at the Danger he underwent.

It looks as if it were a particular Judgment of God up­on this City, which has been always the Seat of Heresie [Page 14] in these Quarters. At first it was not resolv'd to a­bandon it to Pillage, but at Night its Fate was decreed, so the Gates were left open, for the Soldiers to march in, and plunder it. All Endeavours were us'd to save it from being burnt, but in vain, for not one House is left stand­ing in the Town, but all bury'd in Ashes. Nothing was omitted that might serve to preserve those that were re­tir'd into the Fort of Toulon, from the Fury of the Sol­diers, but they were constrain'd to expose themselves to it, leaping down from their Fortifications, and giving the Soldiers an occasion to exercise their Rage upon them with Fire, with which some desperate Fellows a­mong them, thought to have burnt themselves with the King's People.

Heaven was so kind to me, that I did not behold this cruel Scene; for the small Fatigue I had undergone for about seven or eight Days, during the Siege, constrain'd me to keep my Bed that very Day, on which these Wretches were us'd in this manner.

This involuntary Rigour which befel this City, and the Clemency that his Majesty has shew'd towards those places that surrendred freely, will convince the rest how much they are oblig'd in Interest to make their Peace in time, and not stay till they are constrain'd to return to their Duty. And indeed in these Parts, four or five small Cities, but well fortify'd, have already surrendred, viz. Bastide, Vagnac, la Tour de Salvas, and Baulines. Chabrille is to wait upon the King to Morrow, and yield up to him all the small Castles of Boussiers, and the Baulines, which were look'd upon to be the strongest of the said Places.

On the Tenth Day after the Trenches were open, Pri­vas was taken, altho' the Fortifications of that Town were exceeding strong.

'Tis impossible to relate the several Cruelties which these Rebels have us'd towards the Catholicks. Among others, after the Siege was begun, they took the Guar­dian of the Capuchins of Valence, a Man of an excel­lent Life, and singular Learning, and they treated him in so barbarous a manner, that they wou'd not kill him outright, till they had first cut off his Nose, and pluck'd out his Eyes.

St. André, and Ten or Twelve of the principal Leaders, are taken Prisoners. Several are in the Hands of some Gentlemen of the Army, who will endeavour to save them, for the great Summs of Money they offer for their [Page 15] Lives. Others have made their Escapes. And this, Ma­dam, is an account of what has happen'd to Privas.

The King will not part these two or three Days from hence, because he is oblig'd to stay till the Artilery comes up, which cannot be done so speedily in such an unpassa­ble Country as this is. So soon as he has resolv'd upon the Place where he is to go next, your Majesty shall with all Expedition be inform'd of it. In the mean time I beg you'll do me the Honour to believe that no Man in the World is, or can be, with more Sincerity than I am,

Your most humble, most obedient, most faithful, and most obliged Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XIV. To Monsieur Ville aux-Clers.


I Send you these few Lines, to tell you, 'tis the King's pleasure that you shou'd dispatch a Courier to the Ma­reschal d' Estreé, with a Letter from his Majesty, bearing Order for him to make no difficulty to march the Troops that are in Compeigne, pursuant to what Instructions he will receive from Monsieur de Saint-Chaumont, to whom the King has communicated his Intentions upon this Sub­ject. In the mean time I remain,

Your most Affectionate, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XV. To the Duke of Hallwin.


ALtho' I writ to you two or three Days ago, yet I take occasion to send you these few Lines, to inform you that Orders are dispatch'd to Monsieur le Camus, to cause such Fortifications to be made at Narbonne and Leucate, as you and he shall judge necessary to put both those places in a good Posture of Defence.

There are likewise Commissions sent down to you, to raise four Regiments, and three Troops of Light-Horse, in case you think there will be occasion for so many. The manner of doing it is wholly left to your own Discretion, being impower'd to act according as you see the Necessity and Service of the King shall require it. Besides that his Majesty's Interest demands it of me, be assur'd that I shall take as much care of your Concerns, as you your-self can desire from any one, who is truly, as I am,

Your most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XVI. To the Mareschal de Chastillon.


I Cannot sufficiently express to you how entirely his Ma­jesty is satisfy'd with your manner of Commanding his Army. The greatest Pleasure you can do him is to keep it as compleat, and in as good Order as possibly you [Page 17] can. I am extremely well pleas'd that Monsieur de Brezê is pitch'd upon to serve the King in conjunction with you, knowing that he will honour you, and live after such a manner with you, that it will be to your mutual Satisfa­ction. As for my self, I shall be very proud to have an opportunity to convince you that I am,

Your most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

ALtho' 'tis a needless Precaution to put you in Mind of being upon your Guard at Metz, knowing you will take all the care that can be desired, yet I thought my self obliged to inform you, that we have received Advice that the King's Enemies have a Design upon that place. I'm persuaded you'll give such effectual Orders where you are, that you'll let them find no opportunity to put what they threaten in execution. His Majesty is very well, God be praised, and Monsieur came this Day to see him. We have no News here that is worth the while to send to you: So that nothing remains for me, but to assure you of the Continuance of my Affection and Love to you, and that I am,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, and most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XVIII. To the same.

My Lord,

COlonel Hebron will particularly inform you of the Af­fection I have now, and will still preserve for your Lordship, which is so great that neither Absence nor Time shall ever cause the least Alteration in it. At present I shall only conjure you to repair your Fortifications with all possible Expedition; and so soon as they are in such a Condition, that your Presence will be less necessary where you are, than it is at present, I am of opinion it will be highly expedient for you to visit the Mareschal de la Force's Army, where, without que­stion, it will be very advantageous. After which I hope we shall be so happy as to see you shortly in your Frontier. In the mean time, assure your self, I beseech you, that no Man can be more than I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

I earnestly beg of you before your Departure to the Army, to leave such good Orders behind you, that there may be no danger of a Surprize.

LETTER XIX. To the Duke of Hallwin.


I Have receiv'd your Letter, together with a Memorial of what things you judge to be necessary at Narbonne. In answer to which, finding by your Account that there are no more than fourscore thousand weight of Powder in that Place, of which there are eight thousand weight spoil'd; and that there are sixty thousand in Tolouse, fit for use, I judge it expedient for you to take one half of that, and get it carried thither as soon as possible. Monsieur d' Arpajon has like­wise sent me Word, that there are not above six or seven hundred Bullets, so you'll find it expedient to cause to be cast in the neighbouring Places, so many as may make 'em up six thousand of all the Sizes of the Pieces there. As for your Provisions, if there is the least Appearance that the City will be besieg'd, in such a case you must seize all the Cattle that are in the Country, that you may have Vi­ctuals sufficient.

Above all, 'tis necessary that you shou'd have fifty thousand weight of Powder, thirty or forty thousand weight of Lead, fifty thousand of Match, six thousand Bullets, Corn sufficient for a Year; and if, besides all this, any thing more be wanting, 'tis generally to be found in such Cities as that, which are never unprovided of such things which are of necessary use to 'em. I desire you to take care to see all this perform'd, and be assur'd that I am, and ever will be,

Your most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

THE Sieur Ferrier being gone to visit the Mareschal de la Force from the King, about an Affair which he will communicate to you, I thought my self oblig'd to inform you by him, what his Majesty's Thoughts are in relation to your self, I mean about the commanding of his Troops, which he order'd to meet about Langres. You must know then, he's so perfectly satisfy'd, not only with your Affection to the Prosperity of his Affairs, but with your Merit and Experience, that of his own proper Motion he form'd this Resolution, not judging it fit that a Person of your Condition shou'd remain in his Army without Authority. I am so much the more pleas'd at the choice he has made of your self upon this Occasion, because it will give you an Opportunity to discover your Worth to the World every Day more and more, and I am assured you will fully answer the Opinion and Confi­dence that has been always repos'd in you. In the mean time I desire you to depend upon my Affection as fixt and immoveable to you: No Man living more esteems you, or wishes your Happiness with greater Zeal than my self, who am,

My Lord,
Your, &c, RICHELIEU.

P. S. You will do well to consider deliberately what to enterprize with the Army that you are to com­mand. The Sieur Ferrier will tell you how many different Thoughts we have had of that Matter here. If we cou'd but beat Monsieur de Lorrain with the Troops that the Mareschal de la Force commands in those Parts, then we ought to em­ploy [Page 21] the above-mention'd Army in the Affair that Colonel Hebron and I talked about at Compeigne. We expect the return of the aforesaid Ferrier, to know whether we must reinforce Monsieur de la Force only with Horse, or Horse and Foot to­gether.

LETTER XXI. To the same.

My Lord,

THE Bearer hereof will acquaint you with more than I thought convenient to commit to Writing, the Ways being neither free nor safe. Only this I will assure you, that in whatsoever Place, or whatsoever Con­dition I happen to be, I am, and ever shall be, as much as you can desire me,

My Lord,
Your most Affectionate, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXII. To the Mareschals de Châtillon, and de Brezé.


AS I cannot sufficiently express to you how much the King is satisfy'd with the Service you have lately done him in the management of his Army, and in the Battle you have fought with the Enemy, so 'tis as impossible for me to describe to you my own Joy in particular, at the great Advantage we have gain'd, and the Glory you have acquir'd by so gallant an Action. [Page 22] I can assure you that this happy Success has but answered his Expectation, who always promis'd himself a Victory equal to what you have gain'd, from the Goodness of God, the Justice of his Cause, and from your Courage and Prudence. He has commanded a publick Thanksgiving to God, to whom we must at­tribute so great and so considerable a Victory. The King does not question but that you'll continue to act for his Service upon all Occasions that shall present themselves for the future, as well as you have hitherto done, which has given him all the Satisfaction imagina­ble, as you'll find more particularly by his Dispatches; to which referring my self, I shall conclude this, with assuring you of the Continuance of my Affection, and that I am,

Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

P. S. Since this Dispatch was shut up, we have re­ceiv'd Advice, that the Mareschal de la Force, af­ter he had encamped four Days within Cannon­shot of Duke Charles's Army, during which they had perpetual Skirmishes on both sides, has at last oblig'd the aforesaid Army to retire, with the loss of nine hundred Men upon the Spot, four hundred Prisoners, and a great deal of Baggage, without the loss on our part of above twenty, com­prehending the slain as well as wounded in the Number.

LETTER XXIII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Cannot sufficiently either praise or blame you for your manner of managing your self where now you are, and exposing your Person to all Hazards, as we hear you do. The Abbot of Coursan, who will part from hence within a Day or two, has a great deal more to tell you from me. In the Interim rest assured that no Man living is more sincerely than I am,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

P. S. I conjure you to have a care of your self, and engage Monsieur de la Force, as much as you can, to make the best Advantage of the Victory which God has given to his Majesty's Arms, by dri­ving, if possible, Duke Charles on t'other side the Rhine, now Feuquieres and Bellefonds have joyn­ed him. Commissary Rose is gone to conferr with Monsieur de la Force.

LETTER XXIV. To the same.

My Lord,

I Have order'd the Abbot of Coursan, whom the King has sent to the place where now you are, to communi­cate his Instructions intirely to you. Continue, I beseech you, to manage Affairs so as may be most advantageous [Page 24] to his Majesty's Service. If we cou'd beat Duke Charles beyond the Rhine, or lock him up in some commodious Place, so that he cou'd not come back to the Franche-Comté, we might soon expect to see the happy effects of it, nor shou'd you be without a considerable share in them. Let me prevail with you to continue in the Ar­my where you are, till such time as you see what can be done against the aforesaid Duke, with the Re-inforce­ment of the Sieur de Feuquieres, and that of Bellefonds. 'Tis of no small importance to beat the Iron while 'tis hot upon this Occasion, not only for the great Conster­nation the Enemy is in, but because 'tis to be feared that Duke Bernard wont let you have the Germans long, but will call them home. If once Duke Charles were beaten, or retir'd beyond the Rhine, I wou'd desire you to come hither with all speed, that you might receive a more ho­nourable Post in the Army, whither I find your Incli­nation carries you.

While you tarry where you are, I conjure you not to expose your Person, as you have too often done. Ex­cuse me if I tell you, your Honour does not require, and the King's Service cannot suffer it. Besides these Considerations, the Passion I have for you, as well as my own Interest, constrains me to tell you, that you cannot more sensibly oblige me, than by altering this Method.

Tho' the Victory which it pleased God to give the King in Flanders, may possibly have arriv'd to you al­ready by common Report, yet I thought my self oblig'd to communicate this good News to you, knowing what an extraordinary Joy it will give you, as well for the Reputation that his Majesty, as for the Glory that your Friends have acquir'd by it.

Above five thousand of the Enemy fell upon the place, fifteen hundred were wounded, and thirteen hundred taken Prisoners, among whom is the Count de la Feire, Governour of the Citadel of Antwerpe, and Lieutenant-General of the Army; Don Alonce Ladron, Mestre de Camp of a Spanish Regiment; Sfondrate, Mestre de Camp of an Italian Regiment; the Count de Willerval; and several others of Quality, with a great number of Officers: They have lost sixteen Pieces of Cannon, which is all they had; and all their Baggage; which is so much the more considerable, because, as 'tis said, there were two Waggons full of Money, fifty or sixty Colours or Flags. There goes a flying Report, that Prince Thomas is slain, [Page 25] and the Count d Bucquoy wounded in this Action; but this wants a farther Confirmation.

The King has not lost above fifty Men in this Acti­on, among whom there is but one Captain, and some other Officers; and an hundred and fifty wounded; which renders this Victory the more compleat.

The Army of the Enemies was compos'd of six­score and ten Regiments of Foot, and fifty Troops of Horse, that were the best they had.

This is all I had to communicate to you in this Let­ter, referring my self for the rest to the Abbot of Cour­san, who will assure you that his Majesty is in good Health, and that I am with all imaginable sincerity,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

I have perused what you sent me, concerning la Cou­dargis and Valin, whom I shall remember. Pray remember me to Monsieur de Turenne, and assure him of my hearty Affection to him. When you come into these Parts, we will consider of the best Methods how to serve him.

You may if you please, acquaint the Gentleman, who married the Lady of Montpellier, that I am extremely well satisfy'd with his Deportment up­on the Occasion you writ to me about. No Body has spoken a Word to the King to his Disadvantage, as I find by your Letter he seem'd to apprehend.

My Lord,

I Add these few Lines to the Letter I writ to you this Morning, to tell you, that being inform'd from good Hands, that you frequently do things which your Quality and Condition ought by no means to permit; You must excuse me, if I conjure you to remember that a Person in your Station may very well discharge the part of a General, without running the hazard of a pri­vate [Page 26] Musqueteer. Once more therefore, I beg of you to be determin'd in this Affair by the best of your Friends, and most faithful of your Servants,

The Cardinal of Richelieu.

LETTER XXV. To the Duke of Hallwin.


FInding by several of your Dispatches, how desirous you are to fight the King's Enemies in your Fron­tier, I take this Occasion to acquaint you, that his Ma­jesty is not displeased at your Proposal, provided you don't engage his Arms and Reputation unadvisedly, and that you attempt nothing, the Success whereof is not only certain, but wholly advantageous to the Prospe­rity of his Affairs. For I don't think it by any means adviseable for you to take the Towns, Villages, and o­ther unfortify'd places that lie near you; since besides that 'tis impossible to keep them, such a Procedure wou'd oblige the Enemies to retaliate the same upon us, and so fatigue our Troops, that in case any important Action shou'd happen, we shou'd certainly come by the worst of it. If I were not well acquainted with your Pru­dence and Judgment, I shou'd write a great deal more to you upon this Subject, but that were to call both of 'em into question, since I am satisfy'd no Man knows better than your self, what may be useful or disadvan­tageous to his Majesty's Service in the Quarters where now you are.

In a Word, Sir, if you find your self in a Condition to take any place of importance, I wou'd advise you to attempt it; but unless you have some notable Ad­vantage in prospect, I think it will be your best way not to begin a War in your parts, from which you may receive as much good as harm.

Monsieur de la Urilliere has sent you so particular an Account of every thing that has happen'd here, that nothing remains for me to say, but to assure you [Page 27] of the continuance of my Affection to you, and that I am, and ever will be,

Your most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXVI. To the Mareschal de Châtillon.


LOng before I receiv'd your Letter, wherein you give me an account of the Battel between our and the Spanish Army, I had rejoyc'd with you and Monsieur de Brezé, for the Victory which God was pleas'd to give his Majesty upon this Occasion, not only for the Glory and Reputation which France will derive from this good Success, but likewise for the Honour you have hereby acquir'd, the increase of which I no less passionately desire, than your self can do. It lies in your Power still to draw the best Advantages from so glorious a Victory; but you need not be reminded of doing that, for I doubt not but that every thing will be perform'd, which your Prince may expect from your Prudence, from your Affection, and good Conduct. One of the most effectu­al means, in my Opinion, to bring this about to the ad­vantage of his Majesty's Affairs, will be for Monsieur de Brezé and you to live in so perfect an Union and In­telligence, that nothing may be ever able to alter it. Besides the Service of the King, who requires you to keep a good understanding among your selves, you will also answer my Prayers, who desire the same of you; and indeed 'tis so visibly the Interest of you both to live after this manner, that I am satisfy'd neither of you will omit any thing that may contribute to so good an End. I have writ to the Sieur de Brezé upon this Sub­ject, and am mightily mistaken if he will not do every thing on his side that can be expected from him.

Once more I conjure you and Monsieur de Brezé, to live together in the best Understanding that may be, because otherwise his Majesty's Affairs will receive a conside­rable Prejudice by it. By some of the Enemy's Letters, which we intercepted, we find they don't a little depend upon the Division that, as they pretend, has hitherto ap­pear'd between you, and that they flatter themselves with hopes of reaping great Advantages by your not agreeing. They likewise make mention that you and Monsieur de Brezé have refus'd to take Orders from the Prince of Orange, which I cannot believe, since 'tis one of the Articles agreed upon in our Treaty. Pray send me an Account of this, and of all memorable Passages that happen in your Parts, and be assur'd that I am as much as it is possible for any one to be,

Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXVII. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

SEnding the Bearer hereof to the Messieurs de la Force, to condole with them for the Loss of Madam the Mareschal's Lady, I was willing to acquaint you by the same Opportunity, in what Condition I am at present, least the News of my illness shou'd give you any inquietude.

The Distemper I had at Bourdeaux is now come to visit me the third time, and in the same place, but with this difference, that it is not accompany'd with the same Accidents that attended the two first. I was lanced yesterday about five a Clock in the Afternoon, which was very painful to endure; but with this good Success, that within a Moment after the Operation was over, I found extraordinary Ease. So that at present I am free [Page 29] of my great Pains, and hope in a little time to be per­fectly cur'd. Let this set you fully at ease, for God be prais'd, the danger is over. I have writ so particularly to you by the Abbot of Coursan, that I have no more to send you, but the Continuance of my Affection and Ser­vice, and that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXVIII. To the Mareschal de Chastillon.


THE Messieurs de Charnacé, and d'Espenan, will give you so particular an Account of what Resolutions the King has taken, upon the Account of their Journey, and the Condition in which they found Affairs in these Quar­ters, that I need not give my self the trouble to say any thing concerning them: For which reason I shall con­tent my self with telling you, that his Majesty having occasion for Persons of your Merit and Consideration, to act in several places, desires you will immediately repair to him upon the receipt of his Orders. I have no more at present, but to assure you that I am with all sin­cerity,

Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXIX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

J Am extremely pleas'd with your giving Galasse the slip, as well because 'tis for the King's Service, as for your own Glory in particular. I hope from your Con­duct all that may be expected from a Person who has Zeal and Application joyn'd to his great Abilities; and I promise you that nothing in my power shall be want­ing, to make the King's Armies under your Administra­tion, leave off their old Licentious Habitudes, and be brought under good Discipline, as they ought to be. To effect this, great Vigour must be shewn on your part, it being utterly impossible without that to bring Matters to such a pass, as you and I desire they shou'd be, for our Prince's Service. You will find by the ex­emplary Punishment which his Majesty inflicted on a hundred and fifty Officers that absented themselves from the Army in Lorrain, that there is no other way to re­medy Disorders but this. This Severity will most as­suredly be continu'd, and indeed without it all will be lost. In the Name of God, never pardon any of your Deserters, but make remarkable Examples of them. One single Instance will make you dreaded as long as you live, and put you in a way to be thought Merciful ever after.

I have already sent you Word, that for the future you shall be abundantly supply'd with Bread. To con­vince you of that, I promise you that Nancy and Metz shall never be without sufficient Magazines.

As our Forces encrease every day, it will be much easier to make such good provision for our Convoys, of Corn, and other Necessaries, that our Carriages may be no longer incommoded.

Our four thousand Dragoons are arrived, besides 1700 more that are to be sent to you, and a thousand to Mon­sieur de la Force. Five hundred of them are quarter'd at Toul, to secure the above-mention'd Carriages, and ano­ther [Page 31] five hundred in other places, that were judg'd the most important.

If you have occasion for no more Troops than what you have already with you, which I cannot believe, considering what a necessity you have for Provisions, we are of opinion that out of the remainder of those that are design'd for you, a small Body shou'd be form'd at Metz, to clear all those places that annoy your Carriages, and particularly Cirk. For this end Bellefonds is sent to Metz, to receive two or three Regiments that you want, and all the Dragoons that are design'd for you, as also Canillas, who is in Burgundy, and the remainder of the Horse, which you are to have, that with these Forces he may possess himself of that troublesome place, that has so long incommoded you. If you believe that some other Design may turn to better Account, 'tis but send­ing word to the above-mention'd Sieur de Bellefonds, and he will follow your Orders.

On the Twentieth of this Month, the Messieurs de An­goulesme and de la Force will be reinforc'd with Matig­non's Regiment of Horse, and above 2500 Gentlemen. Besides this, we shall have at Langres, a Body of eight hundred Horse, and a thousand Dragoons, to hinder the Enemy's Insults on that side. The Levies of the Swit­zers are compleated. We are raising twenty Regi­ments, and four thousand Horse, as I have sent you Word already; and besides this, we are going to raise two thousand Horse of new Cavalry, which you writ to me about, that will only carry a Cuirass, a Helmet to cover the Cheeks and Nose, a Carabine, and a Pistol; and I believe we shall call them the Hungari­an Cavalry, unless Monsieur Hebron gives us a better Name. There is no question but we shall have Forces enough; all the difficulty will be to employ them well. Endeavours will be us'd on one side, to beat back the Duke of Lorrain. As for you, My Lord, I don't doubt but you will do what impossible. The King has not order'd what you are to do, but has that good Opinion of your Prudence and Conduct, that he leaves you to act at your own Discretion; for he knows you will weigh every thing deliberately, before you take the last Reso­lutions.

Monsieur Servien has sent you a very large Letter, which will excuse me from running into farther Par­ticulars. [Page 32] I can only assure you of the continuance of my Service and Affection to you, who am; and ever will be, without the least Alteration,

My Lord,
Your most humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXX. To the same.

My Lord,

SInce I writ you a Letter some five or six Days ago, which you will receive by this Packet, I have re­ceiv'd yours by Monsieur de Cressia. I cannot express to you how overjoy'd I am at the Success of your Journey. I on­ly hope the End will prove as lucky as the Beginning.

Monsieur Boutheillier will fully answer you as to all you can expect from him. The King reposes so entire a Con­fidence in your Affection, your Judgment, and Prudence, that he leaves you wholly at Liberty, to act as you shall see convenient.

I here send you the Ordinance his Majesty has made against the Officers that absent themselves from their re­spective Posts in the Army which is now in Lorrain, un­der the command of the Messieurs d' Angoulesme, and de la Force. Pray publish it in your own Army, where, I conjure you, to continue to punish those that are wanting in their Du­ty; for 'tis evident that under our present Circumstances, nothing will make a General to be rever'd, and capable of doing the King's Business, but a steady Hand, and impar­tial Severity. I can assure you that his Majesty will not spare the most cunning of them all; and 'tis necessary that those who command his Armies, shou'd do the same. God be thanked, his Majesty is in good Health. As for my self, I am, and ever will be,

My Lord,
Your most humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXI. To the same.

My Lord,

YOu'll find, that as soon as you gave us to understand by your Dispatches, that you desir'd the rest of th [...] Troops, that were design'd for you, to come up and joyn you, we quitted our design of besieging Cirk, that so they might immediately march to joyn your Army. I will not trouble my self to send you more Particulars, which will be sent to you from the Secretaries of State. Only this I will tell you, that the King is resolv'd to go in Person into Lorrain. Before his Departure, the Mes­sieurs d' Angoulesme, and de la Force, will be strengthen'd with the addition of above 4500 Gentlemen. The King will be at St. Dizier on the sixth of September, at the Head of 15000 Foot, and 3000 Horse, besides the above-mention'd Troops. If by that time the Duke of Lorrain is beaten back, his Majesty designs to march as far as Metz, to sup­port and back you. Thus, I hope every thing will suc­ceed according to our Desires. His Majesty being sen­sible of your Prudence and Loyalty, leaves you at full Liberty to act as you shall judge most expedient. I have no more at present, but that I shall be eternally,

My Lord,
Your most humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXII. To the Duke of Hallwin.


NOT being able to find among my Papers, the Draughts of Perpignan, Barcelona, and Salces, I write you this Letter, to desire you to send them to me, and withal, take care they be as true as is possible. I shou'd be very glad to know whether some Attempt might not be made against Perpignan, and the means how to carry it on, so as to have a prospect of Success. You'll meet with several People in the Frontiers, that can instruct you particularly in these Matters: As for Instance, about the Ways through which your Cannon and other Provisions are to pass; as also about the true State of the Place, the Number of Men in Garrison there, and what quanti­ty of Victuals and Ammunition they have. In a Word, gather the best Informations you can, and send them to me by the first Post; so that upon these Directions we may see what is fit to be undertaken there for his Majesty's Service. In the mean time rest assured that I am,

Your most Affectionate Servant, RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXIII. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

I Am exceedingly surpriz'd at what you tell me in yours, dated the 23d. of August, viz. that you had not recei­ved several Letters which I sent to you by the Couriers. I can assure you, that not one has parted from this place, but I did my self the honour to write to you by him. I cannot tell whether I must lay the blame upon them, or the Secretaries of State, to whom for the most part I give my Letters. All imaginable Care has been taken here, to reinforce your Troops; but the Enemy is so considerably increas'd on the side of the Duke of Lor­rain, that having form'd two considerable Bodies, one of which being commanded by Leinon, they have thrown into S. Michel, and other places near you, it was judged necessary to employ part of the Re-inforcement design'd for your self, to compose a second Body, in order to go and meet with Leinon. So soon as they have either routed, or driven him back, you shall be recruited with a Dozen Troops of Horse, and a Thousand Dragoons.

Five Regiments likewise will be sent to Metz, to strengthen you; but because they are new-rais'd Men, and 'tis to be fear'd that the greatest part of them will Desert, I leave it to your Consideration whether it will be the best way to make them march as far as your Quar­ters, or rather to keep them at Metz, to be employ'd in case of necessity, with six thousand Switzers, that are to keep the Field.

The King is gone in Person to the Frontiers of Lorrain, to carry on the War more vigorously against Duke Charles, and Leinon. This is all at present from,

My Lord,
Your most humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

BILLET. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

COnsidering in what a Condition the Cardinal de la Va­lette, and the King's Affairs are, the King gives him power to treat with Duke Bernard, and offer him four Millions of Livres yearly, making the best and cheapest Terms he can with him, and endeavouring to spare out of that Summ seven or eight hundred thousand Livres, for the Landgrave of Hesse.

LETTER XXXIV. To the same.

My Lord,

'TIS impossible to tell you how overjoy'd I was at the News of your marching near us, when you cou'd do nothing at a greater distance, and that you have made so glorious a Retreat, that you beat the Enemy. Knowing how negligent and careless People generally are, I have sent Monsieur de Mande, whose active Temper you must needs be acquainted with, to gather all the Corn he can find in the Country, for your Subsistence. His Majesty has sent you two thousand Horse, and four thousand Foot. I can assure you, that I desire to be carried thither, not only for the Benefit I may receive by such a Journey, but for the Satisfaction of going to serve you my self in Person, since no Man honours you more than he, who is, and ever will be,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXV. To the same.

My Lord,

I Want Terms to express my Joy for your safe and happy Return: It wou'd be entire, were it not for a Loss I have lately sustain'd, which troubles me more than I am able to tell you. If I cou'd redeem those for whom I now complain, I wou'd readily do it, tho' at my own Expence. I will heartily pour out my Pray­ers to God for them, and serve them in all their Affairs as far as I am able. I desire you to take care that my Companies don't desert, particularly that of Light-Horse, which at present is without an Officer to command them: Being resolv'd to do nothing without the King's Will and Approbation, I have sent to him for fresh Instru­ctions. In the mean time, I must tell you, that my Opi­nion wholly agrees with yours. I am overjoy'd to hear where you are, and shall be more so, when I have an Opportunity to convince you by my Actions, that I am,

Your most Humble &c. RICHELIEU.

A MEMORIAL. To the same.

WHen you had a Commission to treat with the Duke of Weymar, as far as the Sum of four Millions of Livres reached, the reason of it was, because we consider'd the great danger you were in, if he had abandon'd you, and because we wou'd omit nothing that seem'd necessary for your Preservation.

We are very willing to maintain at a reasonable Ex­pence, such Troops as the Duke of Weymar is able to keep effectively on Foot; but we know well enough that he cannot bring six thousand Horse, and twelve thousand Foot, into the Field, as he promises. And if the King shou'd employ so considerable a Summ of Mo­ney to little purpose, (and this case seems to be of that Nature) he will not be in a capacity to subsist the Bo­dy of French, without which the Duke of Weymar can do nothing.

Send us advice therefore, what you judge will be con­venient for us to give, that we may follow your In­structions. Otherwise being not so well inform'd how Matters stand, as you are, we shall act like Men in the Dark, and cannot prevent our selves from being impos'd upon.

Let your Answer, I beseech you, be quick and large, and well circumstanced, as so important a Subject de­serves.

Signed, The Cardinal de Richelieu.

LETTER XXXVI. To the same.

My Lord,

I Sent you a long Letter since your arrival at Court, upon the Subject of the Treaty we are going to con­clude with Duke Bernard, to which I expect your An­swer, knowing that if my Letter does not find you with the King, yet Monsieur de Chavigny will bring it to your Hands.

I cannot forbear to testifie to you, once more my great Regret for the Death of the Sieur de Moüy, poor Cahuzac, and Londigny: As soon as I heard of it, I resolved to bestow my Company of Light-Horse upon the Sieur de Biscaras. I am mightily pleas'd that upon this Occa­sion my Opinion happens to jump with yours. I have not as yet dispos'd of the Colours. As I cannot bethink my self of a fit Person for that Post, such a one as I [Page 39] cou'd desire; if you know one of extraordinary bravery, let me beg of you to send me his Name, and I will think farther of it. I must likewise desire you to send me word with all Secresie, so that no Body may know a Word of the Matter, whom of the Company you judge most proper for me, with the good liking of the test, to make my Quarter-Master. I will enquire on my side, but dispose of nothing till I have receiv'd your Answer. I give you a thousand Thanks for the News you sent me from Court.

The Bishop of Mande, whom I dispatch'd to Metz, to buy up all the Corn he cou'd find thereabouts, for the subsistence of your Army, will be here in a short time, and acquit himself of this Charge, I am well assured, with great Care and Diligence. Whatever Summs of Money he may want to pay for the aforesaid Corn, shall be punctually remitted to him.

The hearty Zeal which you express for the King's Service, and the great Judgment which God has given you, will so well direct you to choose what will be most advantageous to us in the present Occasions, that I think it not necessary to spend any more Words upon an Ar­gument you are so well acquainted with. However, if you please to inform me what Measures you design to take, I will soon let you know my Sentiments of them.

Great Affairs are always attended with great Difficul­ties; but with God's assistance, we'll keep up our Cou­rage still. Every thing goes well in Italy and the Valto­line. One lucky hit against Duke Charles, where we might have done much greater Matters than we have, wou'd have placed us above the feeble Efforts of our Adversaries. I hope we shall manage Matters on that side with more Success for the future, than hitherto we have found. I am satisfy'd that for your Part, you will continue to act as you have begun, that is to say, as well as 'tis possible for a Man to behave himself, or for us to wish.

Pray let me know after what manner you liv'd with the Cardinal of Savoy. There were some at Rome that gave him the Title of Highness; and there were others that deny'd it. He desir'd that my Brother wou'd give him that Title, but answer was made, that he wou'd live with him as he had done for the time past, and after your Example. For this reason I long to know [Page 40] after what manner you treated him, and hope you'll do me the Honour to satisfie me about it. I am till Death,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

THE Sieur Ferrier is gone to wait upon you with a Month's Pay for the Cavalry of your Army, be­sides that which you lately made. We do every thing in the World here to support you, provided you cou'd but make an Advantage of it, as you desire, but the laziness and inconstancy of the French is such, that a Man can promise no mighty Matters from them.

Monsieur de Bullion sends you thirty thousand Livres, that you may have a particular Fund to serve you upon all Emergencies, and yet not be oblig'd to give an Ac­count how 'tis expended, to any one.

I thank you for the great care you have taken of my Companies. I have sent the Sieur de Biscaras to them, who receiv'd two thousand Crowns of me; one half of which is to be distributed among my Troop of Light-Horse, and the other among that of the Gendarms, by the Sieur de Locmaria. I have been this long while enqui­ring for some experienc'd Officers to place at the Head of them, which has given me some trouble; but I hope now to find such as will be proper for my purpose, and then I will put all in good order without delay.

I have a Company here at hand, which the King gave me leave to raise by the Sieur de Potiniere, whom I order'd about two Days ago, to march directly towards your [Page 41] Quarters, that you might have no reason to complain of the Diminution of my Companies. However, if you find them in such a Condition, that part of them will serve you turn, your may dispose of them as you see con­venient.

The Sieur Ponica is arriv'd, but I have not seen him yet: We will treat with him the most advantageously for our selves, that we can. 'Tis certain that some Ger­man Horse will be necessary for us; but the difficulty will be where to get them.

Monsieur Bouthilliers has sent me an account what Com­plaints you make of Bellefonds: No doubt but the King will give you all the Satisfaction you can expect in that Matter.

I am sorry to find by you, that the King's Companies are in such ill Order. At the same time I am pleased that you are so well satisfy'd with the Regiment of Guards, and with the News you sent me about the Sieur Savignac.

I am likewise well pleased to hear what Monsieur de Turenne has perform'd, in relation to the Castles which he took by your Order. I don't question but he will disco­ver his great Merits upon all occasions.

Don't be afraid, I beg it of you, to be too severe, for 'tis almost impossible for you to trespass in that kind. The King's Affairs are in so perplexed a Condition, that 'tis a Chimoera to go to rectifie them without Rigour. I desire you to send me good verbal Processes against all those that have abandon'd the Army, that I may see them accordingly punish'd. If you condemn Vezilly, as you send me word you will, I'll take care to have your Sen­tence put in execution. The Sieur Ferrier will entertain you so particularly about all that has happen'd here, that at present I need only subscribe my self,

Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XXXVIII. To the same.

My Lord,

YOU will find by the King's Dispatches, which the Sieur de la Cour-d'Argis will shew you, what his Ma­jesty's Sentiments are upon the occasion of his Journey. I have sent you a Memorial by him of my Thoughts at present, by which you will perceive that the King does not positively order you to give Battle, but in that matter he wholly leaves you to your own Liberty. 'Tis certain that as one unfortunate Event wou'd throw our Affairs into a great Disorder, so a compleat Victory wou'd be of mighty advantage to us: And so much do I relie upon your Courage, your Prudence, your Zeal for the Service of the King, and your generous Ambition to answer the expectation of your Friends, that I promise my self every thing from your Conduct. We have put up publick Supplications to God in all the Convents of Paris, to implore a Blessing upon his Ma­jesty's Arms. I give you a thousand thanks for the good advice you gave me, which I received as a fresh Proof of your Affection to my Interests. I send you no News by this Bearer, because he is urgent to depart, only I will tell you, that the King arriv'd here yesterdy in good Health. His Majesty has sent the Count de Gramail to the Bastile, because he was one of those who instead of advancing his Affairs, was a means of keeping them back. There are abundance of other ill-favour'd Particulars, that I cannot send you an account of now, but we will discourse of them sometime or other at your leasure. In the mean time, I beseech you to believe that no Man li­ving esteems and loves you better than my self, and that I am, and ever will be, with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c. RICHELIEU.
[Page 43]

The Superintendants have sent you by the Sieur Ferrier, a Month's Pay for your Cavalry, and a particular Fund for your private Expences.

LETTER XXXIX. To the Duke of Halwin.


AFter having seen all your Dispatches, and the Ad­vices you sent to me, I cannot sufficiently com­mend you for the great Care you have taken to put all the Diocesses in Languedoc in a condition to oppose the Ene­my, in case they have a design to attempt any thing on that side.

I am clearly of opinion, that you cannot make too much haste to summon the Nobility of the Country, and the Companies of Gendarms belonging to you and Mon­sieur d' Ambres, to appear. I likewise think 'twill be ab­solutely necessary for you to put those two Regiments for which you receiv'd Commissions, on foot with all the speed you can.

Monsieur de Bullion will send you what Money you have occasion for, to raise the Levies. Monsieur de la Vriliere has engag'd himself to procure you that Order.

I shall shortly send the Sieur de Rentiere again to you, with my advice upon all Matters you think fit to sig­nifie to him. In the mean time, I conjure you to pro­vide for all those places in your Province, upon which you believe the Enemy may have any design; for in such cases a Man had infinitely better do too much than too little, for fear of a Surprizal. In a Word, I persuade my self that you'll omit nothing that may be expected from your Diligence and Loyalty to the King. This is the reason why I say no more to you upon this Chapter, con­tenting my self to assure you that I am with all sin­cerity,

Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XL. To the same.


I Have again dispatch'd the Sieur de Rentiere to you with all speed, to acquaint you that we have seized a Let­ter from the King of Spain, directed to the Cardinal In­fant, wherein he tells him in express Terms, that were it not for the War of Italy, he had before this made a Descent upon Languedoc, and that he employs all his Ef­forts to carry on that Design. Besides these general Terms, when he comes to Particulars, he plainly says that he is resolv'd to surprize Mazeres.

To prevent this Design, you are order'd immediately upon the receipt of this, to put the two Regiments on foot for which you have receiv'd Commissions, and rea­dy Money is sent to you to defray your Charges in rai­sing them; and since the Passes of Col Saint-Louis, and Col de Terneres are the only two places through which they Enemy can come towards Mazeres and Saverdan, you must dispatch some Forces with all expedition to seize and fortifie them.

Now because 'tis impossible to keep Col de Terneres any other way but by fortifying Forcereal in the Enemy's Country, and Col de las-Batailles in ours, you must seize the above-mention'd Col de las-Batailles, and fortifie it; and the King will impower you to surprize Forcereal, and fortifie it, provided you are able to keep it, as the Sieur de Rentiere proposes it feasible.

His Majesty likewise gives you power to possess your self of Aupoulx; which place the aforesaid Sieur de Ren­tiere tells us, may be easily gain'd; and when once in our Possession, so easie to be kept, that 'tis impossible for all the Force of Spain to wrest it out of our Hands.

I am apt to believe that these two Designs cannot well miscarry, provided they are put in execution with speed and secresie. Besides the Sieur de Rentiere, whom we have trusted with this Matter, no Man living has the least knowledge of it; and in the Country it will [Page 45] be easie enough to keep it secret, by pretending that all these Preparations you make are for the Defence and Pre­servation of your Frontier, which the Enemy has pub­lickly threaten'd to attack.

As for Mazeres, when you are upon the Spot, you'll be able to judge whether it will be more expedient to put that place in a posture of Defence against an Army that can come none of the strongest out of Spain, or to raze it more than it is at present.

My Opinion is, that it will be our best way to guard the Passes thro' which the Enemy must march to visit us, and publickly to take notice that we are inform'd of their Designs. Upon this, in all probability, they will not attempt to put them in execution; or if they shou'd, the Passes being sufficiently guarded, and the Country in Arms, they must unavoidably fail in their Undertaking.

However, if you shou'd not think this sufficient, omit nothing that you believe may be serviceable to your Af­fairs, and for that effect, visit all places in Person. To execute what has been hinted to you above, you'll have four Regiments, two of which are on foot already, and t'other two must be rais'd with all imaginable diligence; besides your Company of Gendarms, that of Light-Horse of the Sieur de Merinville, that of the Gendarms of Monsieur d'Am­bres, which must speedily be equipp'd, and the two Com­panies of Carabine-Cuirassiers, which you may likewise raise in a short time; and so soon as you send us word that they are raised, care shall be taken to send you a Fund to pay for the raising of them. As for Subsistence, you must find some way or other to make them live upon the Frontier; which will be no difficult matter to do when Forecereal is once in your Hands, since there are abundance of fertile Vallies all about it.

'Tis your business to take care to put into all your Gar­risons, that you think worth the keeping, Men of Reso­lution and Capacity to defend them, otherwise you'll have the Mortification to see your Endeavours blasted. Leave nothing unattempted that will contribute to carry on this Design, that so the King may receive that Satisfaction from it which he expects, and your self the Honour which I de­sire you may find; as being with all sincerity,

Your, &c.

LETTER XLI. To the Duke of Hallwin.


THE King sending into Languedoc the Baron de Meslé and d'Agencourt, to whose Merit you are no Stran­ger; the first of whom is to assist and advise you in the pre­sent Occasions, and to serve under you in the Quality of Mareschal de Camp; and the second, to view the Con­dition of the chief places in your Government, and to confer with you about all such Matters as may be done for the Advantage of his Majesty's Service, and to serve in quality of Sergeant de Bataille; I thought my self ob­lig'd to send you advice of it by this Letter, that you might know what care his Majesty takes of all Affairs in your Quarters. They have both promis'd me to make all the haste they can, and as they have marked out their Stages, I believe they will be with you in fifteen Days at most. I have communicated to the above-men­tion'd Sieur d'Argencourt, in whom I repose an intire Confidence, the Design you saw in the Dispatch which I sent to you by the Sieur de Rentiere, the Summ and Substance of which is, to seize with all speed the Pas­ses of Col de Saint-Loüis, and Col de Terneres, which are the only places through which the Spaniards can come to attempt any thing upon us on the side of Mazeres, upon which they have a Design, as I have already inform'd you, and to get Possession of Force real and Col de las-Ba­tailles; which the aforesaid Sieur de Rentiere proposes as very feasible. So soon as he is arriv'd, you may examine every particular along with him, if you never gave your self the trouble to do it before. As there is a vast dif­ference between attempting upon an Enemy in his own Country, and barely hindering him from doing any thing in ours, by guarding the Passes through which they must march to annoy us, it concerns your Prudence to consider well what you undertake, to hazard nothing unadvisedly, and pursue no Designs but such as promise an infallible Success, and which you are able to main­tain. [Page 46] One of the principal things, in my opinion, which you have to do, is to be provided with good Spies, and to be faithfully inform'd from time to time, of the Countenance of your Enemies, and the number of their Troops, because upon these you may form your Reso­lutions, and advance or retard the execution of them as you shall see convenient.

If you are inform'd that they are not in a condition to attack you, or that they have other Designs, you may for some time defer the Execution of your Enterprizes, and in the mean time cause the two new Regiments, and the Horse, for which you have already receiv'd Or­ders, to be raised, that you may make your self more strong and considerable. But if you receive advice, that they are both able and willing to dispute it with you, you must take care to be before-hand with them, as well as your Forces will give you leave, without staying till your new Levies are got ready. After all, they can never hinder you from possessing your self of the Passes through which they must march with their Equipage into Languedoc, nor from keeping them still in your Hands, since you have the whole Country behind you open and free, which will furnish you abundantly with all Provisions. This is what I had to offer to you in this Letter, which I shall conclude, by assuring you of the Continuance of my Affection, and that I am with all sincerity,

Your, &c. RICHELIEU.

LETTER XLII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Take Pen in Hand to acquaint you, that 'tis his Maje­sty's pleasure, that in giving the seven Months Pay to the Troops of your Army, you shou'd casheer the Re­giments of Quincé, Chabrignac, Commarin, Chavignon, Ba­radat, Virville, and Cose, telling those that have a mind to serve his Majesty, that he'll take them into his Service by June next. In the mean time, that you may not loose the Men that remain in each of the Regiments you are to break, the King desires you to reduce them into two or three Companies each, which you must afterwards incor­porate with the Regiments of Nettancourt, Rebé, and others in your Army, that are to be made up compleatly twen­ty, giving them the Names of Provinces. There is ano­ther Expedient, which is to reduce the broken Regiments to two or three Companies each, according as they have more or less Men in them, and to keep them in indepen­dant Companies, to bestow them in the strong Places and Castles of Lorrain, where any Garrisons are to be left, that the several Regiments of which the Army is com­pos'd, may not be divided for the time to come. The chief matter will be to find good Officers, that will pre­serve the places where you post them, and not to fill them up with Fellows that have neither Wit nor Cou­rage, as it has been the way hitherto. I look upon this last Expedient to be better than the first. I desire you to make an Experiment of it speedily, before the return of this Bearer, whom we have on purpose dispatch'd to you, and to send us word by him what you have done.

As for the Cavalry, 'tis his Majesty's Intention that the Troops of Bouquinville, Sancourt, Choisy, and Bussy-de-Veyre, shou'd continue broken, except those that are desi­rous to mount again, and enter into Pay. You may ac­quaint them with it, that if they keep to this Resoluti­on, they may have time enough to prepare themselves.

I have already conjur'd you to send me a Copy of the Judgments you have passed against the Deserters of your Army; I beg the favour once more of you to do it, since 'tis of the last importance to the King's Service, to make Examples of such People. His Majesty has granted to the Officers of the Companies of Light-Horse, the Confiscation of those that have abandon'd them with­out leave. This will certainly oblige them to take more care for the future, to see them punish'd, and cause those Sentences to be executed that are passed against them.

I don't find there's any great probability of keeping on foot under the Title of a Regiment, that of Orelio, a­bout which you writ to me, it being reduc'd to an hun­dred, or sixscore Men at the most. All that can be done, in my Opinion, is to reduce it to a free Independant-Company, where all the Soldiers that are left, may be con­veniently dispos'd of.

Nor is there any more likelyhood that the Troops of Saint-Remy will be kept up, under the Name of a Regi­ment, since I can't see how 'tis possible for them to get again into Liege. The best thing that can be done for them, will be to reduce them to a Company of Light-Horse, under the same Pay with the rest of the Army.

I conjure you to dispatch without delay, the Officers that are nam'd by each Body of your Army, to gather Recruits, to come and receive their Money at Paris, and that afterwards they go about that Affair with all possi­ble Expedition, because they have no time now to lose. In the mean while be assured, that I am, and will be for ever,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XLII. To the same.

My Lord,

I Writ to you some seven or eight Days ago, to ac­quaint you how mightily the King was pleas'd at the Offer you made his Majeffy, to attempt by your self the Relief of some places in Alsatia; but now I take Pen in Hand, to express my satisfaction to you, that you are like to meet with fewer Difficulties there, than I durst have hoped for, as you will be more particularly inform'd by the Dispatch that Monsieur Servien has sent to you upon this Subject. I shall not trouble my self to give you an account of the late Advantage which Monsieur de Manicamp has had over the Enemy's Troops that were posted about Colmar, not doubting but that you heard of it before we did here. I will only tell you that he writ to the King, to acquaint him that we may without run­ning the least hazard, relieve Colmar, and the other Gar­risons in those Parts, with a much lesser number of Forces, than you make account to take along with you. I rely so much upon your Prudence and good Conduct, that I don't question in the least but that you'll happily accom­plish this Design, which is of so much importance to his Majesty's Affairs, and will give that Reputation and Honour to your self, as the most zealous of your Friends can wish for you, and particularly,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XLIII. To the same.

My Lord,

I Here send you the Letter which the Mareschal de la Force receiv'd from Monsieur de Manicamp, wherein you'll see how easie a Matter he represents it, to effect the Relief of Colmar. As this will give you greater En­couragement to undertake it, so it will hinder me from saying any more to you upon this Subject, but not from assuring you of the continuance of my Service and Af­fection to you, being with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XLIV. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Have not till now delay'd the doing of what I judged necessary to be done for the King's Service, and your own Satisfaction, in relation to the Brief which the Pope has written to you. We have made great Complaints of it to the Nuncio's; the Cardinal of Lyons, and the Ambassadors, have spoke of it with great Resentments to the Pope and his Nephews, not omitting any of those Reasons and Examples that use to be cited on such Occasions. Just now I come from talking about it with Monsieur Mazarini, who tells me, that the Answer they receiv'd from Rome, to the Letter they sent thither from the part of the King, was, that the Pope cou'd do no less. But however, that the Business [Page 52] shou'd go no farther. Whatever touches you will affect me more sensibly than even your self. This I beseech you to believe, and that I am in all reality,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XLV. To the Duke of Hallwin.


I Have read over the Letters and Memoirs which you sent me from time to time: In answer to which, I will tell you, that you have not sent me word what it is you principally desire to do. For which reason I beg of you to undertake nothing till you have first of all conferr'd with the Sieur d' Argencourt about it, so that he may judge in his turn, whether what you propose be practicable or no. But above all, take special care that as you have possessed and fortify'd the principal Passes, by which the Enemy can march to you, you don't let them come and attack you in others which you have not provided for; by which means they may force you to act on the defensive. As I promise my self no less from your Prudence than from your Courage, I am confident you will hazard nothing but where you have a very fair prospect of succeeding. For as in this case, a Diversion wou'd be very useful to us, if the Enemy attacked us powerfully in Languedoc, so otherwise it wou'd exceed­ingly prejudice his Majesty's Affairs. I will expect some News from you on this Head with great Impatience. In the Interim possess your self with an Assurance that I am, and always will be,

Your, &c.

LETTER XLVI. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

J Need not tell how extremely satisfy'd the King was at your putting Provisions into the Towns of Alsatia, and what happen'd thereupon; nor how agreeable the News was to my self in particular, because you may ea­sily imagine both one and the other, as well by the Ad­vantage his Majesty's Affairs have receiv'd by it, as by the Affection I bear you, and the Part which I always take in whatever concerns you. I will only tell you, that this good Success did not deceive my Expectation, and that I always promised my self as much from your Zeal to the King, and from your Prudence and good Conduct. I say nothing to you concerning the Relief of Haguenau, because I am satisfy'd that if the thing is practicable, you will lose no Time nor Opportunity to effect it, and that you will undertake nothing but upon very good Grounds. I am sorry to find in your Letter that you are in such want of Money. I will employ all my Interest with the Superintendants to furnish you as soon as possible. In the mean time, don't be afraid to draw Bills of Exchange upon them, as often as you have occasion, to subsist your Troops, and to buy Corn, and other Provisions, which you may throw into Haguenau, and other places, upon the assurance I give you, that they shall pay your Bills without the least difficulty.

I am of opinion, it will be convenient not only to put the Governour of Benfield in hopes of receiving a Pension from the King, but likewise positively to assure him of it. You may relie upon me that it shall be paid him without Contradiction. I will not prescribe the particular Summ, but leave that wholly to your Di­scretion. Monsieur de Chavigny has sent you so large an Account of all that has happen'd in these parts, that nothing remains for me, but to conjure you to rest assured, that no Man loves you better than my self, [Page 54] as you will be satisfy'd the more occasions you give me, to convince you by the Effects, that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

P. S. The hopes I have of seeing you at your re­turn from Alsatia, hinders me from sending you a longer Letter.

LETTER XLVII. To the Duke of Hallwin.


I Send you this Letter to acquaint you, that we have receiv'd Advice, that the Naval Preparations which the Enemy is making at Barcelona, consisting of four flat­bottom'd Vessels, able to carry each of them twenty Pieces of Cannon, and two hundred Men, and some other small Vessels, are design'd to attack Brescon, which they pretend to batter near at hand, for which purpose their Vessels are flat-bottom'd, as I told you above. I won't pretend to instruct how to obviate this Storm, since having Mon­sieur d' Argencourt with you upon the Spot, you sit at the Fountain-Head of Expedients, by which you may pro­tect your selves from the Insults of the Enemy. I that am at a great Distance from the Place, imagine the best way will be to make good Parapets of Earth, that are Cannon-proof, upon the Rock; but this perhaps will prove somewhat difficult. However, you may be able with the help of a few Barks, to carry Earth enough thither. You may follow this Advice, if you think it convenient, but be assur'd that with the first fair Wea­ther, the Enemy will make some Attempt upon Bres­con, or some other place like it. A Man inform'd is worth two that are not. I am persuaded you'll keep your selves from being surpriz'd. Thus I remain,

Your, &c.

LETTER XLIX. To the same.


SInce I writ you a Letter this Morning, upon the Sub­ject of Brescon, I receiv'd another from the Sieur d'Ar­gencourt, wherein he sends me word that the Fortificati­on that has been made about the Rock, being too low to put the place into a posture of Security, since 'tis but about nine Foot high, and six Foot thick, and that it will be necessary to raise the aforesaid Fortification or Com­pass of it, some nine Foot higher than it is, making in all three Pole in height, with a Parapet of six Poot a­bove; I thought fit, therefore, to add these few Lines to my Letter, to desire you to carry on these Works with all imaginable Diligence, that before the Enemy is in a Condition to put his Design upon this place in executi­on, it may be so well provided, that you need not ap­prehend any great Trouble from that Quarter. Let me request you to conferr about all these Matters with the Sieur d' Argencourt, follow carefully the Designs he gives you, and do nothing without his Advice. In the mean time rest assured that I am with all sincerity,

Your, &c.

LETTER L. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

I Receiv'd your Dispatch on the second of this Month, and read over the Accounts you sent me of the Af­fairs of Alsatia. I hope that your Arrival there will pre­vent all the Inconveniences that may happen on that side, and that you'll arrive soon enough at Haguenau, to pre­serve that place, and confirm the rest in the Affection they have hitherto testify'd for the King's Service. The Re­solution which the Duke of Weymar has taken up to follow you near at hand, will, in my opinion, not a little facili­tate the execution of your Design, especially if he posts himself in a place from whence he may readily joyn his Troops with yours, according to his Promise, whenever you have any occasion for them. For my part, I don't question but that he'll do all that lies in his power, to put himself in a condition to do us good Service.

The King is very well pleas'd with the Order you have given to Monsieur de Mande, to furnish his Troops with Corn, judging well that without this Provision, it wou'd be impossible for them to subsist, since the Country is intirely laid waste. His Majesty referrs himself whol­ly to you, to distribute Bread to those of his Army, as you shall find they have occasion for it, as you will see more particularly by the Letter of Monsieur de Noyers.

As for what relates to the Money which the Officers demand, so soon as the Month's Pay is adjusted, and paid off, as well to the old Troops, as to the Recruits, if there is any Overplus remaining, I am of opinion that you cannot employ it to better purpose than to pay off the aforesaid Officers two or three Months at least, whether it is their due or no. This is all I have to say to you in this Letter, which I shall conclude, by assuring you that I am, and shall be during my Life,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LI. To the same.

My Lord,

'TIS impossible for me to express to you the Joy we have had here, for the happy success of your Ex­pedition, and the Glory you have acquir'd to your self by it. I am persuaded you will augment it, whenever you find occasions to give you leave, till at last it ar­rives to such a Pitch as you and I desire.

I did not wait for the arrival of your Letters, to make a Provision for your Necessities, having borrow'd before­hand, upon the little Credit I have in the World, forty thousand Crowns for you to buy Corn to lay up at Haguenau, Colmar, and Schelstat, that those places being well provided, as 'tis requisite, they may be secur'd from all Inconveniences. I don't doubt but you'll husband the Money as well as you can, and wait the Harvest which is now near at hand, when you may buy it at a cheap rate, especially if the Soldiers will be got to work, when they have no Enemies to disturb them.

You will not take it ill, I am confident, that I have sent back my Company to you, which has already be­haved themselves very well under your Command, toge­ther with ten out of my Regiment, and others. I thought fit to re-inforce you with these Men, that you may employ them upon all occurrences, where you have occasion for them.

Having receiv'd advice that the Poles and Croats had crossed over to Thionville, to joyn Galasse, Orders were immediately dispatch'd to Monsieur the Prince, to send fifteen hundred Horse to Enchissen, to joyn you, that you might be in a condition to do something consi­derable.

The King has granted to Colonel Hebron the ransom of Meternick, and precedence to his Regiment before all the new ones of twenty Companies, that have been created since him.

I desire you to manage with good husbandry the forty thousand Crowns I have sent you to lay out in [Page 58] buying of Corn; so that with the Harvest, you may ex­pect, without any other Cost but that of cutting it, the Garrisons may be provided for two or three Years be­forehand; and if 'tis practicable, make the Governours give you a Certificate of the Corn which they have in their Towns.

Monsieur de Noyers will sollicit for a Month's Pay, which you writ to me about, that it may be sent to you in time.

I am concerned that the fifteen hundred Horse which we sent to you for the Franche-Comté, are not yet arriv'd; for I am of opinion, that you'll have an opportunity to do something worthy of your self this Summer.

You may be confident I will do you all the good Ser­vices I can, who am,

My Lord,
Your, &c,

LETTER LII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

THis Courrier going to wait upon you about a cer­tain Occasion which you'll find by the Dispatch of Mousieur de Noyers, that he will deliver to you, I cou'd not let him depart till I had given him this Letter, to assure you of the continuance of my Affection and Service, upon which you may certainly depend upon all Occasi­ons. It is so long ago since I receiv'd any News from you, that I protest to you, I have been in a great deal of Pain about it. You wou'd in a most particular manner oblige me to let me hear from you as your Occasions will permit, and to inform me of all the material Occur­rences that happen in your Parts. In the mean time rest assur'd that no Man living more esteems you, or is with more sincerity than I am,

My Lord,
Your most Humble, &c.

LETTER LIII. To the same

My Lord,

I Can't express to you my great concern for the Death of poor Colonel Hebron, not only for the esteem I had of his Person, but for the Affection and Zeal he always testify'd for his Majesty's Service. His Loss has touch'd me in so lively and sensible a manner, that 'tis impossble for me to receive any Comfort. I don't question what you tell me in your Letter, that it has afflicted your self in par­ticular; for to say the Truth, he was a Gentleman that was very necessary to us at this Juncture. I have paid to his Memory all that lay in my power, to express my great value for him, ordering Prayers to be made to God for him, and assisting his Ne [...]hew with what he has oc­casion for, as if he were my own Relation. The Ran­som of Maternic is secur'd for him, and whatever is due to his Unkle, shall most punctually be paid to him. Sa­verne costs us exceeding dear, but we must patiently bear what pleases God.

We find it a matter of great perplexity upon whom to bestow the aforesaid Colonel's Regiment, be­cause his eldest Captain, who is related to him, is a Hugo­not, and the Catholicks earnestly petition to have it con­ferr'd upon one of their Party; among whom we find the Sieur Douglass, who is descended from one of the best Families in Scotland. In the mean time, nothing shall be resolv'd upon here, relating to this occasion, till we have receiv'd Advice from you, which we desire you to send by the first opportunity.

We have another Difficulty too upon our Hands, that gives us no less trouble, and that is, to find out for you a proper Mareschall de Camp, such a one as you want. The King willingly consents that you have Monsieur de Bussy; but him you cannot have soon enough. As for Monsieur de Rambure, he is sufficiently taken up with the business of his Place. So we have sent to you the Grand Provost in in this Quality, who is a Gentleman of very good Sense, [Page 60] great Courage, and sweetness of Temper. He will get together the Recruits of Foot and Horse that are in Lor­rain, to aid you to make some opposition to Offlans, who lies quarter'd on that side, with about some twelve hun­dred sorry Horse.

The King gives his consent that Saverne be put into the hands of the Duke of Weymar, provided he gives his pro­mise in Writing, to leave the Exercise of the Catholick Religion in that place, such as he finds it, without the least alteration. Altho' you are deliver'd from the fears of that Siege, it will concern you and the Duke to follow the most advantageous measures you can for the King's Service. If Galasse shou'd post himself any where, where you might have some notable Advantage over him, it wou'd be a great Blow; but I can scarce bring my self to believe any such thing can be done, till Dole is taken, which will happen, with God's assistance, according to your advices, by the end of this Month. You must take care that nothing incommode you in the Franche-Comté, but especially favour the Harvest in Alsatia. For the rest, his Majesty leaves you at full liberty, to take such Methods as you shall judge to be most expedient. If you please to acquaint us with them, we shall send you our Thoughts, without obliging you to follow them, or hin­dering you to execute what you shall think proper, till you have receiv'd our Answer.

After the Siege of Dole is over, and the King Master of the place, we will see what a Re-inforcement we can then send you; the present Posture of Affairs in these Parts not permitting us as yet to part with any of our Troops. We are providing to send you the second Months Pay, which you sollicit for, and that you may suffer no Disappointments of that nature, it shall be sent away to­wards the third or fourth of the next Month.

The Enemy have taken Capelle on the Coast of Picardy, because the Place made no manner of defence. We know the reasons that the Governour will alledge in his own Justification; but he has utterly forfeited the Expectation which the World had conceiv'd of him. As this is but a very small place, and of little importance, the loss of it is not considerable. Therefore let not this Matter give you any Pain at all, for I can assure you, that the For­ces we have in these parts, are more than sufficient, not only to hinder our Enemies from doing us any mischief, but likewise to take our Revenge upon them, if a fit Op­portunity [Page 61] presents it self. The King will not change his Designs of making the Army of the Franche-Comté act in these Quarters, but not yours, or that of the Duke of Weymar, pursuant to the first Resolutions that were taken in these Matters. Only perhaps a thousand Horse may be order'd to come from the Army in Burgundy into Pi­cardy, as soon as Dole is taken, that we may be in a bet­ter condition to oppose the Enemy, whose greatest Ef­forts seems to be upon the Frontiers of Picardy.

I cannot conclude this Letter, without testifying to you once more my great regret for Monsieur Hebron. I am likewise sorry to hear that Monsieur de Turenne is wounded. Pray assure him of the continuance of my Affection; and as for your own particular, rest satisfy'd that no Man e­steems you more, or is more really than my self,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LIV. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Have receiv'd your Letter which you were pleased to write to me upon the occasion of the taking of Saverne, and have consider'd the Contents of it. We shou'd be willing to put that place into the Hands of the Duke of Weymar, to testifie the great Confidence we repose in him, But certain it is, that the Catholicks wou'd lay hold of such an Opportunity, to raise great Clamours against us, this place being the Seat of the Bishop of Strasburg, whither the Catholicks have retir'd. The Nuncio has already inqui­red very particularly how we design to dispose of it; and his Holiness, whom the Spaniards perpetually insti­gate against France, as you know well enough, wou'd carry himself wholly against us upon this occasion. Pray give the Duke of Weymar to understand so much; and to convince him how much we relie upon his In­tegrity, [Page 62] and that no other reason in the World shou'd hin­der the King from delivering the place up to him, his Majesty is content, if he desires it, that you shou'd re­store the Castle of Aubar to him; and if he takes any o­ther place in Alsatia, or upon the Sarre, which he thinks worthy of Consideration, the King is well satisfy'd that it shou'd be consign'd over to him. This, My Lord, is all that we have to say upon this Subject, his Majesty refer­ring the rest to your Prudence.

As for the rest, when ever the Duke of Weymar thinks fit to make any stay in Alsatia, the King is well enough content it shou'd be at Saverne, provided he likes the place, and will give Orders to those that he puts into the place, to receive him with as much Honour and Deference, as if the aforesaid place were absolutely in his Hands.

You must remember to chuse a Governour for it, of a different Temper from the Wretch that had it last, that if it happens to be attack'd, he may follow the Example of those that defended and acquired it with so great Trouble and Expence, since poor Colonel Hebron died there.

It belongs to your Discretion to consider whether you cannot re-inforce the Grand Provost with some Troops in Lorrain, to make opposition against the Enemy that is there, which is conformable to a Design I have seen in a Letter of the Duke of Weymar, by approaching near the Sarre.

To conclude; the King gives you full power to attempt whatever you shall judge worth the while. As it is of the last importance that Saverne be fortify'd strongly, I am persuaded you will take particular care about it.

When you were here, I often heard you discoursing, of how great Consequence it wou'd be, if you cou'd get good advanced Quarters this next Winter, inconve­nient to the Enemy, and advantageous for your selves. It will concern you in point of Prudence, to consider of this in good time.

As far as we are able to judge of the Designs of Spain, particularly by a Dispatch of a fresh Date, that was sur­prized by Monsieur de Grammont, their intention is to in­duce Galasse, and the King of Hungary, to make an Effort to enter France in August. It concerns you and the Duke of Weymar to oppose this Attempt, and frustrate the Exe­cution of it.

If you cou'd possibly disengage your self from putting the Castle of Aubar into the hands of the Hugonots, it wou'd be much better for us. Besides, I don't look upon it to be in the least necessary to the Duke of Weymar, since Saverne is already comprehended in Alsatia, which the King has quitted to him, pursuant to the Articles of the Treaty between them; and that in consideration of this, his Majesty will command the Person whom you shall establish in it, to acknowledge him as much as he can desire. You are Master of so much Address, that I am confident you can bring over the Duke to any Terms that you judge most advantageous for the King's Service, for which reason I shall speak to you no more upon this Head, assuring you that I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LV. To the Pope.
Out of Monsieur du Puy's Cabinet, MS. 363.

Most Holy Father,

I Don't address these Lines to you, as being Privy-Coun­seller to the greatest of all those Princes that have the happiness to be under the Conduct of your Holiness, but as a Cardinal of the Holy See, zealous for the Interests of the Church, and for every thing that concerns the Per­son and House of Beatitude. Now what happen'd lately in relation to the Mareschal d'Estreés, being of such a nature that it may draw very ill Consequences along with it, I shou'd plainly be wanting to my Duty, if I did not make my humble Supplications to you, to employ your Pru­dence upon this Occasion. As the Mareschal has done nothing but what the King commanded him to do, if a­ny of his Actions have been disagreeable to your Holi­ness, you ought to complain of his Majesty, and not of [Page 62] [...] [Page 63] [...] [Page 64] him. However, I persuade my self that your Goodness and Justice will induce you to acknowledge, that it never was the intention of that great Prince to displease you in whatever has happen'd, but rather to serve you, and hinder those who formerly have executed their De­signs against the Holy See from putting themselves in such a condition, during his Reign, as to give the World any just Apprehensions of their playing the same Game over again. Your Holiness about two Years ago, sent a Nuncio Extraordinary to France, upon an occasion as contrary to the Interests of his Majesty, as it was favoura­ble to the Spaniards, and recall'd him when that Court gave publick Signs that his Person was disagreeable to them, and apprehended that he dealt for a Peace, against their Intention. Now if it should so fall out that your Ho­liness shou'd persist to oppose the Employ of the Mare­schal d'Estreés, in whose Person are to be found abun­dance of Qualities contrary to what the Enemies of this Crown may desire, there is no Person but wou'd believe, altho' erroneously, that Spain, by her Artifices, had in­sensibly carry'd your Holiness to what she most of all de­sir'd. As for my self, this Thought never found any room in my Breast, but it concerns your Holiness in the highest degree, to prevent it from taking any footing in the Minds of other People, who perhaps will conclude there is something in it, if you shou'd continue to treat the King upon this occasion, otherwise than you do o­ther Princes that have Ambassadors at your Court. I hope your Holiness will be pleased to make a difference be­tween those that honour you with a cordial and ever­lasting Reverence, and those that only give you a few exteriour Marks of it, when their Affairs require such a Conduct. The known Piety of the King naturally leads your Holiness to this Procedure, his Person demands it of you, the present Juncture seems to oblige your Bea­titude to it, since nothing can prove so directly contrary to a Peace, as to show a disrespect to him, who of all other Kings, most earnestly desires a strict Uni­on with you. As it is an easie matter, so it will likewise be a glorious one to your Holiness, to preserve that absolute Power which you have in the Affection of this great Prince; and I dare engage to you, that the Mareschal d'Estrées, for his part, will endeavour no­thing more zealously than to serve you, and advance the Interests of your whole Family, that by doing so, [Page 65] he may render himself serviceable to his Ma­ster. If it happens otherwise, I freely consent that your Holiness shou'd lay all the blame upon my self, who shou'd take it for a new Obligation, if you wou'd con­descend to think upon this most humble Supplication of mine, and not barely consider it as such, but as it con­curs with his Majesty's Prayers, which have no other End but what may be of most advantage to your Ho­liness, and all your Family. This I most humbly con­jure your Holiness to believe, as likewise that I shall always be,

Your Holiness's most, &c.

LETTER LVI. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

YOU will particularly know by the Dispatch of Monsieur de Noyers, what condition we are in at pre­sent, and what the Enemy has been doing ever since they have approach'd towards the Frontier of Picardy. The King daily strengthens himself with new Forces, as much as he can, that he may be in a capacity to beat them back into their own Territory. His Majesty makes account, so soon as Dole is taken, which News we expect every hour with the greatest impatience, to order two thou­sand Horse of Monsieur the Prince's Army, to march and joyn that of Picardy, where there are not above five thou­sand; leaving the rest of the above-mention'd Army, ei­ther to tarry still in the Franche-Comté, and make Head a­gainst the Enemy, if they offer to come there, or else to march into Lorrain, according as he shall find it most ex­pedient for his Affairs. As for what relates to your self, My Lord, the King leaves you wholly at your own liberty to act as you shall judge most advantageous to his Designs, and does not prescribe you any Method to follow, but trusts intirely to your Prudence and your Conduct, to manage your self, as the Motion of the Enemy, and any emergent Occasions make it proper for you. In the [Page 66] mean time, I beseech you to believe that I can have no opportunity of serving you, presented to me, which I shall not embrace with the greatest eagerness, that I may convince you every day more and more, of the esteem I have for your Person, and of the Affection wherewith I am, and ever shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LVII. To the same.

My Lord,

YOU will soon imagine that the War goes but ill on our side in these parts, since I have resolv'd at at last to go thither in Person, with all the Pains and Ill­nesses to which you know me so subject. The Cow­ardice of three Raskals, that made no defence for the Garrisons they were intrusted with, has so perplex'd our Affairs for the present, that I am necessitated to make this Journey. You never heard of such perfidious Villains; soon after, away they sled, like Traytors as they were: We have drawn them asunder between four Horses, in Effigie, with all the reproachful Marks of Ignominy that con'd possibly be thought of, and their Persons will be treated after the same manner, where-ever we happen to find them.

We shall have by the Sixth of the next Month, above ten thousand Horse, and twenty five thousand Foot: With these Forces we shall march streight towards the Enemy. On one side we have Monsieur of Lorrain to sear, who designs to make a Descent upon us by the way of Burgundy, with his own Troops, and those that were quarter'd in the Franche-Comté; and, as I imagine, Galasse, who might very well have pass'd the Rhine, to re-pass it at Brisac, and so marched to joyn him.

This, My Lord, is the Province which we leave to be manag'd by your self, and the Duke of Weymar in con­junction.

We have left a thousand Horse, and three thousand Foot with Monsieur the Prince. Besides these, he may still raise three thousand Men, and five hundred Horse, with which he will be able to oppose the Enemy on one side, while you will powerfully make Head against him on the other.

For this effect, it will be wholly necessary for you to direct your Course towards Espagnol or Mircourt, that you may afterwards take such a way as the marching of the Enemy will oblige you to observe. As soon as you draw near to the Prince's Army, care shall be taken to prevent all manner of Competition, by sending down an Order to him to go to some other place, and to leave his Troops with you. I know very well that 'tis impossible to pro­pose a more mortifying Condition to you, than to send you to the place where the obove-mention'd Person has any power: But it cannot be avoided, the necessity of our Affairs obliging us to follow this Conduct. You are the only Man, that, together with the Duke of Weymar, are able to regulate Matters in those Parts.

Although our Affairs on this side are in a very scur­vy condition, yet I hope we shall be able to retrieve them, so soon as our Troops are got together. Al­though the Spaniards quitted all other Designs, to make their utmost Efforts in Picardy, yet if they had not met with such treacherous Villains, I believe they wou'd have had no mighty Matters to boast of.

'Tis my Request to you, to march towards Burgundy with all the speed you can, that this Consternation may produce no ill Effects on that side, which will not happen when they see you have Forces there able to oppose the Designs of the Enemy.

The Prince has already had the Orders sent to him, which his Majesty wou'd have observ'd among the diffe­rent Armies, when they joyn, which is, that every Ge­neral shall command his own Troops. I am apt to think that the sooner you can advance on this side, it will be so much the better; for I make no question but Galasse will endeavour to pass the River at Brisac, to joyn the Duke of Lorrain. and 'tis of great importance that you shou'd ar­rive there before him.

The Enemies have possess'd themselves of the Village of Verdun upon the Doux, which is not fortify'd, but 'tis a Pass of some consequence. Assure your self, My Lord, that I am, and will be, so long as I live, without the least alteration,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LVIII. To the same.

My Lord,

I Want Words to express my Dissatisfaction at the ill Conduct of the Marquiss de Sourdis. He cannot ex­cuse himself upon the want of Directions; for he has been written to often enough. If we knew any Man at present fit to be put into his place, we shou'd take care to have him sent for home immediately.

As for the Gentlemen of the Parliament of Metz, you will assuredly receive all the Satisfaction you can desire: But I desire you to have a little patience, till the pre­sent Tempest be over. After the rate things go now, one wou'd imagine that a Blessing attended those that rail'd at the Government. I hope that within two Months it will not be so; and then the Parliament of Metz shall be chang'd, as you desire it.

We do all that we can to re-inforce you with some Foot. This very Day we order'd the Regiment of Ronciere to march, which, in my opinion, will make a very fine one. Verderonne is by this time got pretty forward, and so is Decauts. The Regiment that Monsieur Vignier is a raising, will be complete in seven or eight Days. Vau­becourt has sent us word that he will furnish us with four thousand Men; but knowing the Man as you and I do, I shou'd be very glad if he brought us but one half of them. Let the worst come, I take it for granted that he and Monsieur Vignier will bring three thousand effective Men, and Verderonne, Ronciere, and Decauts; two thousand [Page 69] five hundred, besides the Forces that the Baron de Chape­laine, and one Anfonville, intend to raise, to put into Chaumont.

As for the Horse, we expect them from those places where the Count de Guiche told you.

'Tis with a great deal of reason you say that we want a German in the place of the late Monsieur Hebron. If you cou'd so contrive matters, as to manage any one of those whom you propos'd, you wou'd very much oblige us. In the mean time we will write about it.

Since I writ this, it came into my Head, that the Great Provost will be a very proper Man at Nancy. Send me word what you think of it, and whether you approve of him. If 'tis so, after I have receiv'd your Letter, I will act accordingly, and let you see upon all occasions that whatever concerns you, touches me more sensibly than even my own proper Interests. Let me conjure you to believe that I am most sincerely,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LIX. To the same.

My Lord,

THE Sieur Talon, your Secretary, has receiv'd Satisfa­ction, as he will inform you himself, as to the busi­ness of the Fund for Corn. In every thing else that lies in my power, you shall find the like care taken, to give you all imaginable content.

The King has given the Scotch Regiment to the Baron Hebron, which your Letter did not a little promote.

The Prince has sent us some Letters, which were writ­ten very much in your favour. I suppose that by this time his Troops, and those of Vaubécourt have joyn'd you, and that by this means you will be in a condition to op­pose the designs of Galasse. Upon my word, I depend more upon your, and the Duke of Weymar's Conduct, [Page 70] although you have but indifferent Forces, than upon all the great Armies which we have on this side, which in truth, exceed thirty five thousand Foot, and twelve thou­sand Horse in number.

The Enemy retires too fast for us. We cou'd wish they wou'd be so civil as to stay till we cou'd come up to them. Their Army does not in reality consist of above eighteen thousand, as well Foot as Horse.

Monsieur has passed the River at Peronne, with twenty five thousand Men, and ten thousand Horse. The King marches this way towards Corbie, with ten thousand Men, and two thousand Horse.

Corbie at this very Moment is reduc'd to great necessity. Those that are in the place are forc'd to eat boil'd Corn, as they did at the Siege of Paris. They have Corn in abundance; but their Mills that were lately burnt by the Sieur de Beau-fort, failing them, they give seven Bushels of Corn for a Bushel and a half of Meal. They have in a manner no Wine among them; and to compleat their Misery, the Plague and Bloody-Flux rage violently in the place.

I am very glad that you have taken Chevillon: You did very well in giving him leave to write. You must look after him carefully, and treat him gently, in order to make good use of him in time and place, as occasion shall require. There is no good to be hoped from the Master of the a­foresaid Chevillon, unless meer Necessity constrains him to it, and it pleases God to give us some Advantage over our Enemies.

If the People of the Franche-Comté wou'd come again into the Neutrality, the King wou'd do the same very willingly. You and the Prince may negotiate this Af­fair, according as you find it convenient, if you see any tendency towards it.

We can return no answer to Monsieur de Frangipane, be­cause we cannot listen to any Treaty of a Peace, but in conjunction with the rest of our Allies at Colen, which is the place appointed for all.

We have paid two hundred thousand Crowns to the Duke of Weymar. They send me word that within three Days there will be nothing due to him.

You remember what I writ to you concerning the Mar­quis de Sourdis, and the Affair of the Parliament of Metz. Both one and t'other shall most assuredly be done. Send me word with all expedition whether you judge the Great Provost to [Page 71] be a proper Man for. Nancy. In case you do, his Com­mission shall be speedily dispatch'd to him: But you must be sure to keep the Affair secret, that he may be actually in the place before they mistrust any thing of the matter. Assure your self, My Lord, that whatever concerns you, shall likewise affect me to the highest de­gree, who am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LX. To the same.

My Lord,

THE Sieur de Suz will deliver the King's pleasure to you so fully and clearly, that I have no occasion to say more to that point. I am confident you know how to make the best use of it, and manage all Advantages with care. You shall not want Money to pay for whatever Corn is necessary for the Subsistence of your Army. Due care shall be taken here, to supply you with it from time to time, according as you send us word, that you stand in need of it.

I have written to the Duke of Weymar, a Letter in the most obliging Terms I cou'd think of. I likewise writ to Monsieur de Ranzau. The Sieur de Suz, and his Gentle­man, bring him two thousand Crowns for his Pension: We shall most certainly take care of him.

We hasten, as much as possible, Monsieur de Longueville, to go and joyn you. He sent me word two Days ago that he was march'd out of Gisors.

I say nothing to you of our Affairs on this side. You'll hear the News soon enough from other Hands. The Ene­my retir'd with too much haste out of Picardy; and those that were employ'd to pursue them, follow'd them too slowly. A Multitude of Commanders does never do any good.

Corbie is block'd up: The Works advance very well; the Spaniards, 'tis true, bear Hardships very well, but 'tis [Page 72] certain that the necessities of the place are very pressing. Among the rest, they have no Wine, very little Beer, and but one Hand-Mill, which cannot supply one half of the Garrison.

The Sieur de Suz brings the Great Provost his Commis­sion to go to Nancy; pray send him thither with all Se­cresie and speed, for the Affair requires it.

In whatsoever Place or Condition I am, you shall al­ways find me what you know me to be, that is to say,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

Pray tell the Count de Grancay, that the King takes it very kindly from him, that he helpt you to sub­sist your Army. As for my own particular, I am highly oblig'd to him for it, and will take all occasions to possess the King with a good opinion of his Services.


Yesterday in the Evening I receiv'd your Letter, dated Oct. 3. I shall only add to those Lines I writ to you yesterday, that I am sending a Courrier in all haste, to Monsieur de Longueville, to joyn you with all ex­pedition.

Monsieur de Ranzau has not only receiv'd his Warrant for a Pension of two thousand Crowns, but has had it actually paid to him; which Summ I made a shift to make up, not thinking it fit to wait the leasure of the Treasury.

It is impossible at present to get Aiguebonne out of the place where he is. Fontenay is busied here. We cou'd not think of a fitter Man to send to Nancy, than the Great Provost,

Pray write to all the places in Alsatia, to furnish themselves with as much Corn as they can. I will effectively pro­vide that Money shall be sent to them.

We have writ to Monsieur de Villarceaux, to lay up part of the Corn with all speed at Saverne. The Great Pro­vost being at Nancy, may make him do it himself. [Page 73] If Monsieur de Ranzau can raise the Croats, we shall be well pleas'd with the News. I will write to Charnacé, to bring over Herrenrestre, about whom you writ to me, to the King's Service.

LETTER LXI. To the same.

My Lord,

WHen the Sieur de Suz parted from hence, in order to go and wait upon you, I assured him we wou'd think to put him in some Place, without explain­ing my self any farther to him. Since that time I have so great a Value for him, particularly upon the Testi­monials you have given me, of his Affection and Cou­rage, that I propos'd him to the King to be Governour of Moyenvic, concluding that you wou'd be infinitely bet­ter pleas'd to have this Place, which depends upon your Government, and is at the Gates of Metz, fill'd with a Person whom you love, and can answer for, than one you don't know, as you do the Sieur de Suz. His Majesty granted him the Government very willingly. If you think him not proper for the place, pray stop the Com­mission, and send it back again to me: But if you judge him capable of such a Post, see it deliver'd to him, and send him to Mayenvec aforesaid. In this and every thing else, where there is the least prospect of serving you, you'll find by the effect that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your. &c.

LETTER LXII. To the same.

My Lord,

THE reason of my setting Pen to Paper now, is not to answer your Dispatch which you sent me by the Sieur Arodot, but to assure you of the continuance of my Affection and Service, and to tell you, that the Mar­quiss of Coblens has had the honour to kiss the King's Hand, who receiv'd him very favourably. His Majesty has granted him a Pension of two thousand Crowns, and given him a Warrant for it, till such time as he has an opportunity to reward his Services some other way. For my own particular, I will assist him as far as lies in my power, as well in consideration of his Me­rit, as for the recommendation you give me of his Per­son. I beseech you to believe that I am, and will be so, as long as I live,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

A MEMORIAL. To the same.

IN the time of Monsieur de Montmorency, Monsieur le Pre­mier behav'd himself extremely ill, because the other had such an Ascendant over him, that he made him do what he pleased.

After this, the aforesaid Sieur le Premier manag'd him­self with a Conduct not to be mis-liked, till now of late, being possessed by some obscure Persons, that are un­known, he return'd to his former wicked Courses; which particularly appear'd after the infamous Cowardise of his Unkle, who was Governour of Catelet. At the be­ginning [Page 75] of the Siege, he said in publick Company, That he was assur'd that his Unkle wou'd not agree to any Capitulation; and if he did, that he wou'd be the first to condemn him.

As soon as this Place was basely and ignominiously surrender'd, he alter'd his Tone, and had the boldness to say, That his Unkle had discharg'd the part of an ho­nest Man: This anger'd the King. Afterwards his Ma­jesty having held a Council at Chaliot, where it was re­solv'd to apprehend the Sieur de St. Leger, Monsieur le Pre­mier, who was then at Chaliot, having discover'd it, dis­patch'd a Courrier immediately to his Brother, to inform his Unkle of the Proceedings, and advise him to make his Escape. Which fell out so well for him, that he re­ceiv'd notice of it two Hours before the Messenger that was gone to arrest him, arriv'd at Ham.

This Article being confirm'd by the information of the Post-Masters and Postilions, that directed the aforesaid Courrier of Monsieur de Saint-Simon, and of the Innkeepers where he lodg'd, his Majesty resolv'd to judge this Matter at the Tryal of the Sieur de Saint-Leger, who was condemn'd to be drawn in Pieces by four Horses; the Cardinal de Richelieu represented to his Majesty, that it wou'd be much better to let it alone, because it wou'd be too great an Affliction to Monsieur le Premier.

After which, the aforesaid Sieur le Premier testifying a great Sorrow and Repentance for this Action, the King, out of his own Goodness, advis'd him to go into the Ar­my. After he had been there fifteen Days, he waited on his Majesty at Roye, and upon some Reports running abroad, that the Spaniards design'd to make a Descent upon Guienne, begg'd leave of him to go to Blaye. When he was gone thither, his Majesty considering his disaffection to his Af­fairs, to which he had preferr'd the Interest of a Man who had committed an inexcusable Action, sent him Word to continue there, and gave his Relations to understand, that it was his pleasure they shou'd tarry at their respective Houses, and not come to Court.

LETTER LXIII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

IF the News you sent me of the Retreat of Galasse, and the Victory which the King's Arms have obtain'd over him, gave me so great a Satisfaction, I am apt to flatter my self that the surrendry of Corbie, which this Gentleman brings with him, will prove no less agreeable to you, since I know how overjoy'd you are at every ad­vantage, which God is pleas'd to bestow upon his Ma­jesty's Affairs. The Enemy is to march out of the Place to Morrow, according to the Capitulation agreed upon; for the performance of which, they have given us by way of Hostages, three of the principal Officers of the Garri­son, without demanding any from us. The extraordina­ry incommodities they suffer'd by the Plague, and other Distempers, and by the want of all sorts of Victuals, be­sides Corn, joyn'd to the great Fatigues they were con­strain'd to undergo, to resist four vigorous Attacks, oblig'd them to surrender, before they were brought to the last Extremities. This happy Action, and the retreat of Ga­lasse, will, I suppose, hinder the Enemies of France from boasting they have done us any great Mischief, since they have suffer'd twice as much themselves, their Country be­ing without comparison more ruin'd than ours, along of the Germans who committed all imaginable Cruelties there. I cannot sufficiently wonder what makes Monsieur de Longueville him, behind still, several Courriers have been dispatch'd to keep to press him to joyn you; nay, I sent one of my own Gentlemen, to represent to him, how necessary it was to do it for the wellfare of his Majesty's Affairs, who is not yet return'd. If Galasse in his Retreat shou'd receive an Overthrow from us, we might say truly enough, that his Majesty's Affairs were never better than they wou'd then be. And I hope it will so fall out.

I cannot express to you how well pleas'd the King is with your Conduct and Services, nor how joyful I am in my own particular, that his Majesty sets so great an [Page 77] esteem upon your Person. Monsieur de Rantzau cannot be sufficiently commended: The Action at Saint-Jean de Laune was so gallant, that he deserves to have a particular No­tice taken of him, to which I shall willingly contribute all that lies in my own Power; and pray let me desire you to signifie as much to him. If you are so happy as to beat Galasse back into Germany, with some remarkable Advantage, besides what you have already obtain'd over him, it wou'd be highly necessary for you, if it is pra­cticable, to take your Winter-Quarters in the Franche-Comté, and at Miremont, Espinol, Rambervilliers, and Mire­court. At least 'tis absolutely necessary to leave them to the Duke of Weymar, in case you cannot enjoy them both together, for it will be an Advantage to him; and, to say the truth, our Frontier wou'd soon be ruin'd by the extraordinary Disorders that Strangers use to commit. Rest assur'd that as long as I live, I shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXIV. To the same.

My Lord,

THE reason of my writing to you now, is not to tell you how overjoy'd I am at the late Victory which your Army has got over that of Galasse in the Franche-Comté; for you may easily imagine how great my Satisfaction is, as well for the Advantage the King's Affairs receive by it, as for the Honour you have ac­quir'd upon this occasion, the increase whereof I no less passionately desire, than your self can do, there being no Man living that honours and loves you better than my self. I shall content my self with telling you, that this happy Event, joyn'd with the good Success that has hap­pen'd on this side, a full account of which I have sent you by a Gentleman belonging to the Prince, has re­establish'd his Majesty's Affairs in so great Reputation, [Page 78] that our very Enemies are forc'd to own, that they were never in a better Condition than they are at present.

By the Dispatch that the Prince's Gentleman brings you, I have sent you my Opinion about the Winter-Quarters for the Duke of Weymar's Troops, and your own: I long to hear what your Sentiments are upon that Subject.

I will speak to the King about the two Commissions of Ayde de Camp, that you writ to me about, as soon as I see his Majesty. In the mean time you may look upon it as actually done, for I don't expect to meet the least difficulty in it.

Monsieur de Noyers is the Man that returns a particu­lar Answer to all your Dispatches; which is the rea­son why I forbear to add any thing concerning them here.

I writ to the Count de Guiche to come to me here, in order to send him afterwards to Bayonne, to meet his Father; and in truth 'tis absolutely necessary that he shou'd undertake this Journey. Pray make no difficulty to let him go.

I am upon the Road now, going towards his Maje­sty, and have given Orders about every thing that I judg'd useful or necessary for the security of Picardy, where we have made some change in the Governour, which I believe you'll approve of. Where-ever I am, you may assure your self that I shall always be, and that with the utmost sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXV. To the same.

My Lord,

YOu'll be astonish'd, I know, when you hear that so soon as Corbie was surrender'd, the Count car­ry'd Monsieur along with him from Court; and you'll be more astonish'd when you are told, that according to the common Report, they have taken their Course di­rectly towards Guienne. I don't question but that Mon­sieur d' Espernon, and Monsieur de la Valette, will discharge their Duty; but I desire you to dispatch a Person, in whom you may relie, thither, to fortifie them in their good Intentions. The Malice of the Count, and the Ea­siness of Monsieur, are really things that surpass expressing. I conjure you to do on your side, all that you shall judge necessary upon this occasion. Monsieur de Noyers has writ to you about Winter-Quarters for the Duke of Weymar. 'Tis of great importance, in my Opinion, that he shou'd have them in Lorrain, on the side of Remiremont, Espinal, Rambervilliers, Mirecourt; that we may save France as much as we can, or rather to give him some Contributions to be rais'd upon Bassigny, that shall be brought to him by certain Commissioners erected on purpose to receive them. I beseech you to believe that I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXVI. To the same.

My Lord,

MOnsieur de Noyers dispatching this Courrier to you, to give you Advice of the Alteration that has hap­pen'd in the Affair of Monsieur and the Count, I writ these few Lines, to signifie to you how overjoy'd I am at the News, and to acquaint you by the same Bearer, that I hope every thing will be accommodated to the Sa­tisfaction of the King and his Servants, and yet that this shall not occasion the least change in his Majesty's Af­fairs. I wish with all my Heart it may go off so. But let whatever will happen, I shall always be to the utmost of my power,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

I know well enough that the Equipping of the Count will cause some Difficulties; but for all that, I don't believe it will have any influence in chang­ing the Series of Affairs, or the repose of the State.

LETTER LXVII. To the same.

My Lord,

MOnsieur de Noyers has writ so fully to you, that the reason of my putting Pen to Paper now, was not to add any thing to his Dispatch, but only to tell you the King is of opinion, that 'tis absolutely necessary for [Page 81] for his Service, that you shou'd not leave your Post to come to wait upon him, till such time as you have de­cided what is contain'd in the Memorial, which the a­foresaid Sieur de Noyers sends you from the part of his Ma­jesty. You'll pass a better Judgment upon it when you see it, than 'tis possible for me to represent to you in this Letter. I will not tell you how joyful I shall be to see you, reserving that till such an opportunity presents it self. In the mean time, I conjure you to believe, that there is no Man living upon whose Affection and Ser­vice you may more entirely depend, than mine, who am, and ever will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXVIII. To the same.

My Lord,

THE Prince of Orange having sent me several Letters and Memoirs, where he takes notice of several De­fects at Thionville, observed by one la Mothe, a Captain in that Garrison, who was taken Prisoner by the Troops be­longing to the States, and carried to Ma [...]stricht, I judged it convenient that you should go and view the place, that if there is any prospect of getting it, you might not lose the opportunity, while you are in those parts: For which reason I have sent the Dispatch to you, just as I receiv'd it, leaving it to your Prudence to make those Considera­rations upon it, which you think will be most advanta­geous for the King's Service. This being the business of this Letter, I shall only add, that I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXIX. To the same.

My Lord,

YOU will herewith receive the Commission sent down to the Duke of Candalle, to command the King's Army in your absence, and under you. I have nothing more to add, but that so soon as you have put the Ar­my into their Winter-Quarters, the King will be very glad to see you; and my self in particular, whose great­est Ambition it is to convince you that I am,

My Lord,
Your &c.

LETTER LXX. To Monsieur, the King's Brother.

My Lord,

HIS Majesty's Goodness, in relation to your self, is so fully known to me, that I dare engage my Life and Honour for the performance of what he is pleas'd to promise you in the Letter which will be put into your Hands by Monsieur de Chavigny. Your Highness shall find upon this occasion, and any other that may happen here­after, that I am with Zeal and Sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXI. To Monsieur, the Count.


THE Assurances which Monsieur de Brion, aad the good Father Hilarion, have given me of your Affection, have made me write these few Lines to you, to thank you for it, and to signifie to you how overjoy'd I am that you have taken the true Course to re-establish your self in his Majesty's Favour, and given an opportunity to those that honour you, as I do in particular, to do you what Service they can. Which I shall most readily do, whenever an occasion presents it self, as being,

Your, &c.

LETTER LXXII. To the Duke of Halwin.


I Was extremely pleas'd to find by the Letter you writ to me on the 14th. of this Month, that you had sent a Re-inforcement to the Islands, by way of advance. His Majesty judges it expedient that you should visit them, as you desire, and discourse the Commissioners of the Navy, to know what store of Victuals and Ammu­nitions Languedoc is able to furnish for their Subsi­stence, as you will more particularly find by the Letter which the King has written to you upon this Sub­ject. I do here positively assure you, that if you pass your Word, as you tell me you are ready to do it, to the Merchants who are willing to advance these Pro­visions, [Page 84] that they shall certainly be paid, such order shall be taken to establish a Fund here for that purpose, that you need not be in any trouble about that matter. In the mean time, rest assur'd of the continuance of my Affection to you, and believe that no opportunity shall present it self to give you any Proofs of it, which I shall not most eagerly embrace, who am,

Your, &c.

Besides, that 'tis his Majesty's desire that you wou'd visit all Provence about the occasion mention'd in my Letter, I conjure you in my own particular, to do all that lies in your power, relating to that Affair; assuring you that you cannot do any thing that will be more agreeable to his Majesty, and grateful to my self.

LETTER LXXIII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Dispatch'd this Gentleman on purpose to you, as well to bring me an account of your Health, as how Af­fairs go in your part of the World. I don't doubt but you'll take all imaginable care to put your self in a condition to enter the Enemy's Country speedily, because the surest way to give them an effectual Blow, will be to surprize them, and not give them time to put them­selves into a posture to oppose you. The Sieur de Ai­gueberre is come back, and returned. The Prince of O­range persists in his first Resolutions, to make one of the three Attacks you know of, provided that we begin first. The aforesaid Sieur d' Aigueberre has been with him, to assure him that by the fourth of this Month, you'll be in the Enemy's Country. I hope you will do it with good success, which I the rather believe, because I am no Stranger to your good Fortune and Industry. Let [Page 85] me conjure you, therefore, My Lord, to make all the haste you can, that the Prince of Orange may have no excuse for staying behind. I know well enough that a Day or two, whether more or less, will break no squares between you; so the intention of this Letter is not to make you take the Field in a hurry, but only to remind you to lose no time.

Monsieur de la Meilleraye goes next Wednesday to review the Troops he is to command, and will so post himself as to be able to assist you upon any occasion. I passio­nately wish that you may perform some glorious Ex­ploit, not only for the Advantage of the King's Service, but also for your own particular Satisfaction, which I desire as much as your self; being with all sincerity.

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXIV. To the same.

My Lord,

I Am extremely concern'd that you did not find every thing in readiness, as you might well expect; but 'tis the nature of great Affairs to carry many Difficulties with them; and it often happens that the Sun shines brighter after the Storm is over.

I suppose that by this time the Horses you wanted to draw the Cannon, are arriv'd safe, and that Crié has given orders for subsisting your four hundred Hor­ses that are to carry your Victuals; Monsieur de Bullion ha­ving made Provision for them above ten Days ago.

As for the other two hundred Horses, that you want, to make them up in all a hundred and fifty, the Sieur de Septoutre, who was employ'd to raise them, has given the Sieur Gargan a List of the several places where they are kept; for 'tis ten Days ago since he signified as much in a Letter to Monsieur de Noyers, who has sent you an account of that whole matter.

Vercourt parted from hence on Saturday, to wait upon you; but I suppose he will first call upon Monsieur de Rambure, at Guise.

Monsieur de la Barre went yesterday to meet you, and carries with him Money to pay off the Artillery. We are assur'd here, that his absence will do no hurt, be­cause the Officers that are upon the Spot, have orders to act in his absence, as far as he himself cou'd do, if he was there.

The Boats went from Paris about five Days ago. I am sorry you had them not all at once, that you might have begun with the better show. But you may want several things that are absolutely necessary to you, which the Ene­my however cannot hinder from coming up to you, your Designs not carrying you to leave any place that belongs to them, behind you.

If your Infantry is not so good as you cou'd desire, we design you from this very Moment, two Regiments, of twenty Companies each, to recruit you by the be­ginning of July, and two more by the first of August.

To convince you that I will omit nothing that lies within the Sphere of my poor capacity, to second the good Designs which you have form'd for his Majesty's Service, I have sent you by one of Monsieur de Noyers's Gentlemen, ten thousand Crowns, that in case any thing be wanting to the Horses that carry your Provisions, or, in short, any other unforeseen Accident shou'd happen, you may be able to remedy it immediately, and not see your Designs miscarry for want of Money.

The Sieur d' Estrade has communicated to us your two different Projects. Your first is, to take Auchy in twenty four Hours, which may easily be done, and to invest Hesdin at the same time, in order to besiege it afterwards. The second is, to take Chasteau Cambresis, which may be done in three or four Days time; and so soon as you have taken that place, to invest Landrecy, in order to besiege it afterwards.

As for the first, you must let it alone, because of our Engagement with the Prince of Orange. Aigueberre is come back, who went on purpose to assure him, that we wou'd attack the Enemy on this side, without naming the place. So you must consider with all speed, what is to be done with the second Design, or any other that you shall judge more advantageous. But as for Hesdin, you must not think of it at present, for the Reasons mention'd above.

There will be no occasion to send for the Count de Guiche hither, because that wou'd make People suspect that we were irresolv'd [...]n our Designs; and this Answer gives you light enough to see what measures you must take. Le Rosle is gone from hence, with the Sieur d' Estrade, to serve this Campagne. Rest assur'd that I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXV. To the same.

My Lord,

THat which afflicts Monsieur de Bullion, rejoyces me; that is to say, the Supplies of Money which you demand for the Month's Pay of your Troops. 'Tis true, the Advice I lately receiv'd, that you had not above ten thousand Men, does sensibly grieve me; but since the Funds that were erected to discharge the aforesaid Month's Pay, for fifteen thousand Foot, and seven thousand Horse, does not suffice, we shall have more Men by a great deal than we expected.

Monsieur de la Meilleraye has faithfully promis'd me, that you shall want no Military Provisions, that he spoke to you about: I am going this very Moment to give Or­ders concerning them. At this present Hour, besides the Ammunitions which you have in your Equipage, there are thirty thousand Pound weight of Powder in St. Quin­tin, which you may send for whenever you please, because it is design'd for your Army.

I am sorry for the discovery of the King's Musqueteer; but in matters of War, a Man had much better depend upon meer Force, than upon Enterprizes, the Success whereof is uncertain. I hope that by carrying on your Affairs with your usual Vigour, all things will succeed [Page 88] well enough. This I desire from the bottom of my Heart, as also that you'll believe me to be,

My Lord,
Your, &c,

LETTER LXXVI. To the same

My Lord,

I Have left it to Monsieur de Noyers to return a particular Answer to the Dispatch which you sent to me by Mon­sieur d' Estrade, and to let you know how well pleas'd I am at the account he gave me of the good condition of your Troops. I am no less satisfy'd to find that the En­terprize you are now upon, promises so fairly; and indeed, 'tis impossible to manage any thing with more Prudence and Judgment, than you have shown upon that occasion.

I don't question but that in a short time you'll be Master of Chasteau-Cambresis, and hope that after that Landrechy will make no long opposition, tho' the Town is strongly fortify'd, and well provided; so great an opinion have I of the good Success of his Majesty's Arms, and of your Diligence. Nothing shall be wanting here, that may in the least contribute to make you Master of that place.

I have already sent you word, that besides the fourscore thousand weight of Powder which you have with you, there are thirty thousand weight more at St. Quintin, which you may send for when you see fit: As also four thousand Cannon-Ball, and two thousand for Culverins, that are at Guise. And now I can assure you, that Monsieur de la Meilleraye has given Orders to send you all sorts of Ammunition, on which we work here without intermis­sion. He has likewise sent you 300 Artillery Horses ex­traordinary, to carry the Powder, and other Stores that are at Chaulny and Compeigne, according to your request, to Guise; and to hasten the aforesaid Carriages and Wag­gons, we send thither a Relation of Monsieur de Noyers, and a Gentleman, that lives with me, who I am sure will [Page 89] not lose one Moment. Thus, my Lord, I hope that you'll be well supply'd with Ammunition, and that in a short time we shall have a good Magazine at Guise.

We have likewise dispatch'd Courriers to the Regi­ments of Belnave, Xaintonge, and Perigord, that are quar­ter'd not far from this place, to advance, in order to send them to you, to re-inforce your Army.

We have no News in these parts. The King, God be thanked, is in good health. As for my self, I am trou­bled with my old Distemper, which however does not hinder me from testifying to you upon all occasions, that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

SInce the Dispatch I sent to you by Monsieur de Pulluau, the Sieur Renard arriv'd here, upon which I cou'd not forbear to congratulate with you for the continual progress of his Majesty's Arms under your conduct, not at all doubt­ing but that they will prosper more and more in your Hands, to the great satisfaction of the King, and your own Honour in particular. As you have already found by good Experience, that nothing is wanting to you, which is in the power of the Court, so I am persuaded that on your part, you'll do all you can to make your self Master speedily of the Town you have besieg'd, not questioning but that you have taken sufficient care to prevent any relief from coming to the place.

I can assure you, that you'll either find the Enemy in a weak condition, or that they'll leave you to meet the Prince of Orange, who at this very Moment I am writing to you, is in the Field. He parted from the Hague on the Seventeenth of this Month, for that intent; and I flatter my self that he will perform some remarkable Action; for in all probability he has such a Design in his Head, [Page 90] and knows well enough that the Enemy is not over powerful.

I so passionately desire that the Army may be victori­ous under your command, that if I thought there were the least necessity for it, I wou'd offer my self to serve you even in the quality of a Commissary of the Provisions. I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXVIII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

THE desire I have to omit nothing that may enable you to perform some notable and successful Action, has made me resolve, since the departure of Monsieur de Palluau, to dispatch an Express to Monsieur de la Meil­leraye, to tell him, that instead of carrying on the Design upon which we put him, he must march strait away for St. Quintin, with fifteen hundred Horse, and four thousand Foot, to joyn you if you have occasion for him. Upon due consideration, I find that we may reap so many Advantages by taking Landrechy, that nothing in the World should be neglected that can in the least con­tribute to so good a Design. If I cou'd do more towards the effecting of it, I wou'd do it very freely, both as it respects the King's Service, and your Glory. You may rest assur'd of this, as also that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXIX. To the Duke of Halwin.


I Have dispatch'd this Courrier on purpose to you, to inform you with all speed, that besides the Attack which the King of Spain makes on the Coasts of Bayonne, he prepares another for Languedoc, which he designs to make on the Fifteenth of July. To facilitate this Enter­prize, he has summoned all the Power of Spain, and sei­zed on all the Coach-Horses in Madrid, to mount the Ca­valry. You may easily believe that I am well satisfied how difficult it is for Spain to make two powerful At­tacks at the same time; but however, 'tis very certain that this is their Design, and that the Enemy pretend to make a Descent upon Languedoc both by Sea and by Land. Being no longer employ'd in the Islands, their Naval For­ces may help to execute this Attempt.

Now to prevent this Storm, I desire you to advance to Narbonne with all Expedition; take the Sieur d' Argencourt along with you, to see what is necessary to be done there, and accordingly put every thing in order without delay. Post the Regiment of Languedoc in some neighbouring place, to help you in case of need. Order all the Com­mons of the Province to be ready, as likewise the Gen­tlemen and Nobility, and lay up all the Corn you can get in the Country, at Narbonne. We have already written to Monsieur de Vitry, to send you his Regiment; and to the Messieurs d' Harcourt, and Bourdeaux, to get the Naval Forces ready to come to your assistance. I make no doubt, but that by the help of God, and your diligence, the Enemy will be as warmly received in Languedoc as they were in the Islands.

I beg of you not to neglect this Advice; and though you see but little appearance of their coming to visit you, yet take it for a certain Truth. I writ to Monsieur de Nar­bonne, to acquaint him that this is no Chimerical News; as likewise to desire him to second your good Intentions upon this occasion. Monsieur de Barraut has receiv'd Orders [Page 92] some time ago, to raise the Militia, which is now in a State of readiness to defend the Country of Foix. Mon­sieur de la Vrillerie has sent him word to march with them to your assistance in case of necessity, and has sent you his Majesty's Dispatch to that purpose; as also another to Monsieur de [...]ry, to send you his Regiment. You may command both of them to joyn you whenever you judge it expedient. In the mean time, be assur'd of the conti­nuance of my Affection, and that I am, and ever will be,

Your, &c.

LETTER LXXX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

J Was extremely pleas'd to learn by the Sieur Arnauld the good condition of your Army, and the forwardness of the Siege you are now engag'd in, where I hope, as heartily as your self can do, that you'll find a speedy and fortunate Success.

You have been already inform'd, that Orders were sent to Monsieur de la Meilleraye to post himself near you, and joyn you with his Troops, if you shou'd have any occa­sion for them; having sent you this advice by the same Courrier that brought him the King's Dispatch upon this Subject.

The taking of Garde by the Count, about which you writ to me, fell out very luckily. As soon as ever we knew of it here, a Warrant was immediately dispatch'd to Mon­sieur de Belle-Jambe, who is at St. Quintin, to examine him, and afterwards to do with him as he saw convenient. If you have not as yet sent the above-mention'd Garde to St. Quintin aforesaid; pray take care to get him conducted thither in safety, it being of great importance to make an Example of him.

The Advantage which the Sieur Gassion has obtain'd over the Enemy, has without doubt put them in some Conster­nation, [Page 93] I am exceeding glad that he has begun so fortu­nately, and doubt not but he will continue to do the same upon all occasions that shall present themselves to the Ad­vantage of the King's Service, being so well acquainted as I am, with his Courage, Fidelity, and Affection. Be as­sur'd that I shall always be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

I have hitherto delay'd to dispatch this Courrier again to you, because we have no News here to send you; and I had kept him here still, but that I was afraid you wou'd be in some pain about us. Monsiuer de Noyers has sent you an account of all that has hap­pen'd in this part of the World, to which I have nothing to add, but to conjure you, my Lord, to take particular care of your Person; for I desire your preservation as heartily as I do my own.

I am overjoy'd to learn by Monsieur Arnauld, the state of your Circumvallation. I earnestly request you to make the Trenches of your Attacks so good, that Soldiers and Gentlemen of Quality may be preserv'd safe in them; because your Military Men are such Enemies to all Sieges, that if they see they cannot be tolerably secur'd, they grow sick of them immediately: But when they once see that due care is taken of them, I hope they'll relish the Employ­ment so well, that after Landrechy is reduc'd, we may pretend to go upon some greater Exploit. In God's Name, have a care of your Person, and do not expose your self to no purpose.

Those that come from your Army, give me such good assurances of the great Care, and Diligence, and Affection, which the Sieur N. has express'd for his Majesty's Service there, that I find my self ob­liged to tell you, that if 'tis really so, and you have not any reason to question his Fideli­ty, I am of opinion that he ought not to be remo­ved till such time as we have farther Light in­to the matter, notwithstanding what I writ to you in my former Letter. However, I leave all to your discretion.

LETTER LXXXI. To the same.

My Lord,

ALtho' I have already return'd an Answer to the Let­ter you sent me by Monsieur Arnauld, yet I cannot let him depart towards you, without giving him this, the chief business of which is, to assure you always of my Af­fection and Service, and that I will lose no opportunity to give you all the convictions of it I can.

Just now I have receiv'd a Letter from the Messenger whom I sent to Compeigne and Chauny, to see the Ammu­nition which is in both those places carry'd to Guise, where­in he sends me word, that within three Days, there will be at the place above-mention'd, above an hundred thousand weight of Powder and Bullets, and Match and Lead in proportion.

Thus, my Lord, I hope you'll want nothing to carry on your Siege, or any other Enterprize you shall take in hand afterwards. I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

We have just now receiv'd News from Germany, which is to this effect, That Picolomini has been these six Days at Worms; that he stays there for the Supplies which Galasse is to send him; with which he is af­terwards to re-inforce the Cardinal Infant. You have heard to be sure of the Defeat of part of Duke Charles's Troops, by the Duke of Weymar.

LETTER LXXXII. To the same.

My Lord,

Monsieur de Coüeslin being desirous to see the Siege of Landrechy, I wou'd not suffer him to depart before I had given you by him fresh assurances of my Affection towards you, which is as great as you can desire. He will acquaint you with all the News of the Court, as al­so how impatient we are to know from you all remarka­ble Passages that happen in your Quarters. Leaving him to discourse this matter with you more at large, I con­clude this Letter with assuring you that I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXXIII. To the same.

My Lord,

THE King is so impatient to hear how the Siege of Landrechy goes forward, and how Affairs stand in your part of the World, that finding Monsieur de Pulluau is not come back, as I expected, I resolved to send the Sieur Saladin immediately to you, to know how the Siege is ad­vanced, and what the Enemy is doing, that I might give his Majesty an account of all. I repose so great a confi­dence in the success of his Arms, in your Prudence, and in your Care, that I doubt not in a short time, to receive that satisfaction which I proposed to my self at first from your Enterprize. For my own particular, I desire it so much the more, because besides the Reputation which this [Page 96] Action will give the King's Affairs, you will acquire no little Glory by it; towards which I shall freely contribute all that lies in my power, as being with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXXIV. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

NOT being able to stay till your Courrier had refresh'd himself, I send you now another with thirty thou­sand Franks, that you might not want Money so much as in your Imagination. Besides this, you may take up thir­ty thousand Livres, that are in the hands of the Sieur Cohon, to whom Monsieur de Noyers order'd the Messenger that brings you the thirty thousand Livres to deliver them; and 'tis left wholly to you to lay out this Money as you shall see occasion.

Every one here knows well enough what a Train of Difficulties attend a Siege, and therefore don't desire that you should hasten your Attacks more than you can do it in Prudence. I can assure you that this is not only his Ma­jesty's Opinion, but likewise of all those that have the honour to be near his Person.

Monsieur de la Meilleraye is marched to joyn you, accord­ing to the Orders he has receiv'd from hence, occasion'd by what you writ to us some time ago, viz. that you wanted to be re-inforced with some Troops. He is ready to act as you shall order him; the only reason why we sent him, being to execute your commands, either on the Siege, or any where else, where you think fit to employ him.

Since you are of opinion, that you still want Horses to fetch in your Provisions, we are going to raise two hun­dred more, in order to relieve yours when they begin to be harrassed. As for the Artillery, Monsieur de la Meille­raye may joyn yours, with that which was design'd for him, in case you have occasion for it; and thus I hope [Page 97] you'll be supply'd with every thing necessary to carry on your Design.

Bergerac told me as from you, that you have receiv'd advice, that the Enemy are taking abundance of Cannon out of Sedan, to be employ'd against us. We cannot ima­gine what shou'd be the meaning of it, because they do nothing at Sedan, as we are inform'd by the Mareschal de Châtillon, who acquaints us with what passes there.

I beg of you, that as you continue your Attacks, which you send me word were begun last Night, you wou'd not forget to finish your Lines of Circumvallation; and rest assur'd that nothing that lies in our power, shall be omitted which may facilitate the reduction of the place.

Knowing that the Enemy may be in a condition to make some Effort by the end of this Month, the King whom I shall accompany, makes account to be at Soissons about that time, to strengthen either by his Presence, or by the addition of his own Troops, your Army, which perhaps may want such a Re-inforcement. Be assur'd that in whatsoever place 'tis my destiny to be, I am, and ever shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXXV. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

THO' I have nothing at present to write to you, yet I cou'd not let the Sieur de Bergerac go, without giving him this Letter, to assure you of the continuance of my Affection and Service, on which you may certainly depend upon all occasions.

We begin to have News of Picolomini, that he has not above eight or nine thousand Men in all with him, half Horse, and half Foot. Monsieur de Châtillon has got his Forces together, and has a sufficient power with him to despise all the Efforts that the Enemy can make on that side. The King will be infallibly at Soissons or [...]on by the end of this Month.

The Sieur de Saintou has taken care to send away all those things that Monsieur de la Meilleraye said he had a necessary occasion for. We will not fail to supply you with every thing that may be expected from us. Rest satisfy'd of this, and that I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXXVI. To the same.

My Lord,

I Am overjoy'd to find by you that the Siege of Landre­chy is so fairly advanc'd. We are in hopes to hear e­very Day better News than other; for places that are reduc'd to such a Condition as yours is, make no long opposition, when they once begin to decline.

I have spoken to the King about what you were pleased to write to me, that it was high time to find out a Go­vernour for the Town. His Majesty was of opinion, that the two fittest Men in your Army, were Nettancourt, and Vaubecourt; but the latter he thinks the properer of the two, in regard of Nettancourt's Religion, which wou'd extremely prejudice the reputation of his Majesty, and check the progress we may expect to make in Flanders. So you must put the aforesaid Sieur de Vaubecourt with his Regiment, and such other Troops as you shall judge con­venient, into the place, as well to guard as to fortifie it.

We continue to make a considerable Progress in Bur­gundy, as well on the part of Monsieur de Longueville, as of the Duke of Weymar, and the Count de Gransay.

Landrechy will balance the loss of Hermestein; and after this we will push our fortune farther in Flanders.

The King will set forward by the end of this Month, as I have already sent you word, for Laon. I am persuaded that two or three Days before our departure, we shall hear the agreeable News that you have pluck'd down the Stag that you have been chasing. I am, and always shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.
[Page 99]

The Hollanders embark'd some fifteen Days ago at Ramekins, but the Wind was so contrary, that we don't know which way they are gone. However, we are certain that they will do us some notable Service.

LETTER LXXXVII. To the same.

My Lord,

YOU will receive two of my Letters in one Day. The latter comes to inform you that the Hollanders having been in great Pain at some Reports that have been scatter'd abroad, that your Army consists of no more than eight or nine thousand Men; I beseech you, that for the future you will not suffer the Commissaries that make the Reviews, to order their Accounts, so as has been practised of late. They cannot be too exact to set down no more Men than they find in the Army; but then 'tis reasona­ble they should put those in the Number, that are reckon'd in Pay. Now in their present Supputations, they never rec­kon the Captain, the Lieutenant, the Ensign, the two Serge­ants, the Drummer, the Haut-boy, and the Quartermaster; nor what is more, the three Men that are allowed to the three great Officers, for want of which they are forced to take other Soldiers, when their Baggage marches. Thus not reckoning in every Company the eleven Men that are effectually there, it comes to pass, that in a Regiment consisting of twenty Companies, we lose two hundred and twenty Men. By this means the Enemy having al­ways Spies in our Army, and knowing that People are sel­dom guilty of making their numbers less than they are, imagine that we are fewer than in reality we are; which may occasion a world of inconveniences.

The Sieur Usquerque, who is Secretary to the States, has been again with us, to be informed of the Truth of your Army, which is represented so small on this side, that it looks as if these Gentlemen wou'd use this as an Excuse for not doing the great Service we expected from them. 'Tis to little purpose for us to tell them how things [Page 100] really are; for People are apter to believe the flying Re­ports of an Army than our Assurances; which is an un­speakable damage to us.

We have dispatched two Courriers to the States, to sa­tisfie them that his Majesty's Forces at Landrechy, make up in all eighteen thousand Foot, and eight thousand Horse. And I believe we don't over-reckon our selves, since we paid for almost thirteen thousand Foot, and se­ven thousand Horse, when you had no more than the Forces that you carried with you at first; and Monsieur de la Meilleraye afterwards joyned you, as I compute, with five thousand Men, and fifteen hundred Horse.

We have sent to Monsieur de Chastillon to remedy the same ill way of reckoning, which might happen in his Army, if we did not take care to prevent it, that by this means we may hinder all manner of Spies from represent­ing us to be weaker than we are; which is one of those things that did us the most mischief last Year, and ser­ved to make our Enemies pass for much stronger than they really were, to their great advantage.

At last the Count has made his Peace with the King; but he is to reside at Sedan for some Years. He signed the Oath of Fidelity at the same time that Pico­lomini had sent Orders to him, and after the Queen-Mother had signed a Treaty at Brussels with the Cardi­nal Infant, to engage him beforehand. Bautru parts to morrow, with the King's Almoner, to receive his Oath upon the Holy Evangelists. This is all I can tell you about this Affair, which I hope will have a happy Conclusion. In the mean time, I conjure you to believe that I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER LXXXVIII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

'TIS impossible for me to represent to you his Maje­sty's Joy for the taking of Landrechy, which is so great, that it can receive no addition. As for my self, besides the Joy I receive for the prosperity of France, I have a particular one for the Glory you have acquir'd by this great Action. No Man could have carried on the Siege of that place with more Prudence than you have done. I am ravish'd that you have escaped wounding all this while, fince I am inform'd by all those Gentlemen that are come from thence, that as you very worthily discharg'd your Employment, so you did amiss in one point, which obliges you to take as great care of your Person, as I find you neglected it. I conjure you to change this way of procedure for the future; as also to remember, that if the King should lose a Person of your consequence, all the Advantages we might otherwise obtain over the Ene­my, would be inconsiderable, and your Friends incapable of receiving Consolation.

Monsieur Arnauld has acquainted us with what you think your self able to do at present, which really, in my opinion, is the best Design that can be taken in hand. By this means you will not ruine your Army, you will secure your Winter-Quarters; and the Hollanders, who continually ask us to enter into the Heart of the Country, will be satisfy'd, if you can but be able to fortifie the Post there, which is proposed to you. His Majesty gives you full power to act as you shall see convenient; and thinks fit, as you will find by the Dispatch of Monsieur de Noyers, that you pursue those Designs which were com­municated to us by the above-mention'd Sieur Arnauld. I hope you will prove as successful in them, as you were in the beginning of this Campagne. The Troops of Pi­colomini are not as yet come up; and the Prince of Orange, who has waited twenty days at Ramekins for fair Wea­ther, has been constrain'd by the badness of the Season, [Page 102] to disembark his Army, and go upon another Design: He resolved last Thursday, as Saladin, whom I sent away to Monsieur de Charnacé, brings me word, upon the Siege of Breda.

We have sent Vercourt back again to you, who talks nothing but Miracles of his Design. If the place is such as he represents it, capable of being fortified, and sup­ported by other Posts which you may take upon the Sam­bre, it will be very advantageous for us, and serve to in­commode the Enemy. I return you no Answer to the Compliments you were pleased to send me about Mon­sieur de la Meilleraye, whom I esteem sufficiently happy, if he has been able to please you. The first Design of the Prince of Orange wou'd have obliged us to put our selves in a readiness to march another way, according as he should have had occasion for us. But now since we are more at liberty, you may act as you please. He is exceedingly well pleased with your Civilities; and I am assur'd that he will always render to you that which is your due.

I hope that before Breda is taken, we shall do some­thing worth the while; and perhaps some Opportunity may present it self to you, which neither you nor I think of at present. I heartily wish for one that may put it into my power, to convince you by my Actions, how affectionately I am, and ever shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

We have receiv'd several Advices from Brussels, giving us to understand, that the Spaniards despise us in such a manner; that besides the advantage which the taking of Landrechy has given us, I have a par­ticular Joy upon that Account, because it will make them see, that we are more capable of do­ing them a Mischief, than they believe, and inso­sently give out.

LETTER LXXXIX. To the same.

My Lord,

THE King advancing now towards Soissons and Laon, as I have already sent you word, I take Pen in hand to acquaint you, that his Majesty wou'd be very glad to take such measures, that if it were possible, his Journey might not be wholly fruitless: For this reason he has had some Thoughts, that while you advance into the Enemy's Country, pursuant to your Designs, he might, under the covert of your Army, make a sort of a Blockade about Capelle, by which means that place, in all probability, wou'd in a short time fall into his Hands.

Before he embarks in this Design, his Majesty desires that you wou'd send a Party of Horse to view the Coun­try round about the place, commanded by some under­standing Person, who might observe what may be done to incommode it. Bezancon, who has been there, tells us, that to hinder any Provisions from coming into the Town, there needs no more but to place a good Garrison at a Village which lies between Avenes and Capelle, call'd Estren, where some Forces might conveniently intrench them­selves. I am apt to believe that this alone will not be sufficient: Now if it were possible without taking off any of your Troops from what you have design'd, to get three thousand Foot, and a thousand Horse, to be em­ploy'd in the reducing of the above-mention'd place, this small Progress, joyn'd to those you will make, would put a happy End enough to this Campagne. I conclude this Letter with assuring you that I am, and ever will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XC. To the same.

My Lord,

I Send you this Letter to acquaint you, that we have sent you fifty thousand Franks to pay for the Fortifications of Landrechy, and those new Works you intend to make; and twenty eight thousand Franks for two Months Pay due to the Garrisons of Landrechy and Chasteau en Cambresis. In a word, you shall never want Money for the future to carry on any of your Designs, however you may have been disappointed hitherto. The main point of the Bu­siness is, to lose no time; for we are assur'd on all hands, that the Consternation in Flanders is so great, that we ne­ver had a fairer opportunity to undertake some noble En­terprize than now. All our Advices bring us word, that Picolomini has in effect but fifteen hundred Horse, fit for Battel; and from five to six thousand Foot; with five or six thousand Women.

If you have found out any convenient Post, that you know is proper to be fortify'd, I am confident you will lose no time till you have made your self Master of it, this being a Matter of great importance.

We have sent Vercourt forward on his Journey, who made the Proposal you know of, and must by this time be within a few Miles of you. He has all along propo­sed to surprize the place he nam'd to you, which, cou'd it be effected, it wou'd, in my opinion, be of mighty ad­vantage to us, because we have reason to fear, that if we lay Siege to Maubeuge before we have possessed our selves of this place, the Enemy will pour some of their Troops into it, which will render the Affair more dif­ficult afterwards. But, my Lord, you must take every thing I make bold to propose to you, whether in this, or any other matter, as my bare Thoughts, of which you are to take no notice, any farther than you find them rea­sonable; it being impossible to give good Advice at so great a distance.

What I desire most passionately of all is, that we may employ the remainder of the Campagne to good purpose, as well on our side, as all the rest, where we have begun it so happily.

You must remember to keep your Soldiers in that strict Discipline, that the People of Landrechy may find no ill treatment at their Hands, endeavouring to avoid all Dis­orders, as much as possible, in that place, and every where else. In the mean time rest assured that I am, and ever shall be with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

You shall most certainly receive a Month's Pay for your whole Army this Month; it shall be sent towards the 20th. at farthest.

LETTER XCI. To the same.

My Lord,

AFter the King had heard the Relation of the Sieur du Plessis Bezancon, his Majesty came to be of the same Opinion with your self, viz. that it wou'd be much bet­ter to make Head against the Enemy upon the Sambre, with a powerful Body, and to attack Avenes forcibly with another, than to block up Capelle.

We have again dispatch'd the aforesaid Sieur du Plessis to you, to let you know what Troops we can spare to joyn yours, that so you may consider how you wou'd di­stribute them, to put these two Designs in execution, in case you judge it worth the while, and that an occasion does not present it self to you, to undertake some great­er Exploit, which oftentimes happens when a Man thinks the least of it.

We take it for granted, that the first thing we ought to go upon, and which you have already taken care for, is to see whether the Design of N, proposed by several Per­sons, [Page 106] be really advantageous, and probable to succeed. If the success of it is feasible, as Vercourt proposes it, 'tis highly probable, that being in the heart of the Enemy's Country, we shall most effectually incommode him.

The Prince of Orange has sent to inform us what a for­wardness the Siege of Breda was in on the 28th. of July. His Lines of Circumvallation were finish'd, so that he lay under no apprehensions of being dislodg'd. He pro­mises himself to be Master of the place by the 20th. of September, and makes no great account of the Garrison, as knowing it consists of no more than two thousand five hundred Men. He informs us, that the greatest part of the Towns in Flanders, and Breda among the rest, are but slenderly provided with Ammunition, and encoura­ges us to undertake some Siege in the heart of the Country, meaning Mons or Valenciennes. I don't send you this account, as you perhaps may imagine, to consi­der whether these things are practicable, but only to ac­quaint you with what has been communicated to us.

On the other hand, we have surprized a Letter at Sea, written by the Cardinal Infant to the Emperour, after the taking of Landrechy, wherein he complains of Picolomini and tells him, their Affairs are in a deplorable condition, if the French, making a right use of their Victory, ad­vance into the heart of the Country. He positively af­sures him, that he cannot take the Field against the Hol­landers with less than thirteen thousand Foot, and five thousand Horse; and that he has none but Balancon to op­pose to the French, who has no more than five thousand Foot, and thirty Troops of Horse, reckoning Picolomini's Forces, which he says don't amount to eighteen hun­dred Horse, and five thousand Foot, altho' the other wou'd have them pass for more. He concludes that none but God can remedy their Affairs.

Now considering all this, which is most certainly true, I leave it to your Prudence to see what may be done with the Re-inforcement that is marching up to you.

We can strengthen you with fifteen hundred Horse, composed of a thousand commanded by the Sieur de Bussy, and five hundred more that are at Doulans.

We can likewise give you the Regiments of Picardy, Navarre, and the two Brezez, that are quartered near Dou­lans; which, reckoning the Officers, make up four thou­sand effective Men in all.

More than this, we can give you the Regiments of Belnave, Xaintonge, Bachevilliers, Castlenau, and Montmeze, that will make up four thousand Men more.

Now I leave it to your consideration, whether when you have receiv'd this Re-inforcement, w [...]h you may expect by the fifteenth of this Month, you may not be a­ble to form two seperate Bodies, one consisting of seven thousand Horse, and eight or ten thousand Foot, to march against the Enemy; and the other of two thousand Horse, and the rest of your Infantry, to attack any such place as you shall judge convenient.

Besides the above-mention'd Forces, I am of opinion we shall be able next September, to give you six Regi­ments more, viz. Sauvebeuf, Rochegiffard, Nissay, Saint-Aubin, Aubeterre, Langeron; which within these two Months have been set on foot anew, with their old Of­ficers. You shall assuredly receive a Month's Pay before the Month is out.

As for Money, which will be necessary for the sup­port of your Troops, I promise it shall never be want­ing. At this very Moment, besides the fifty thousand Li­vres that were remitted to you a few Days ago for this purpose, I have sent you thirty thousand Livres more, that if you make an Attempt upon N, you may want nothing.

All that I have written to you above being presuppos'd, although the King gives you full liberty to act as you shall see most convenient for his Service; and 'tis a diffi­cult matter for a Man to give his Advice at a great di­stance, yet for all that, I am of opinion, that if you cou'd succeed at N, and the place is really as advantage­ous as it is represented to be, it wou'd be no very hard matter, by keeping a considerable Body in all the good Country that lies between this Post and Maubeuge, to take Avenes, with a few Horse, and no great number of Foot.

In a word, My Lord, I leave all to your Prudence, be­seeching you to believe, that as I by no means desire you to attempt any thing above your power, so we at least ex­pect that you should perform all you are capable of doing.

Heaven be praised, every thing goes well on all sides. We do better and better every Day in the Franche-Comté. Monsieur de Châtillon is in hopes to make some good pro­gress in Luxemburgh. And just now we have receiv'd Ad­vice, that on the First of this Month the Duke of Savoy met the whole Spanish Cavalry near Verseil beyond Sezia, and resolv'd to attack them with Vigour; Which [Page 108] he perform'd so well, that there are at least two hundred of them dead upon the Spot, two hundred taken Prisoners, and above four hundred Horses made a Booty. Spadin, and several other Persons of great consideration were kil­led in this A [...]on.

This, My Lord, is all I have to communicate to you in this Letter. I have no more to add, but my desires that you wou'd believe me to be with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

Le Plessis Bezancon will part within a Day or two. You must excuse me, if I tell you, that in truth you write with so much deference of 44, that I am afraid you are not satisfy'd with him. All the Letters he writes to me, are full of Expressions of Gratitude for the great Civilities he has receiv'd from you: He looks upon it as an honour to be under your com­mand; but shou'd he ever do any thing to disoblige you, I wou'd most assuredly disown him, My O­pinion is, that we ought to end this Campagne as we begun; for since the Prince of Orange cannot march into Flanders, as he proposed in his first De­sign, nothing obliges us now to separate his Maje­sty's Forces any longer. However, if you find the Party aforesaid a Burthen to you, the Friendship between you and me is great enough to make me find an Invention to rid you of him.


SInce the writing of this Letter, the Sieur Talon your Se­cretary, brings us advice from the Sieur de Roquepine, who commands for you at Metz, that after an exact view of Picolomini's Troops that are quarter'd between Treves and Vaudreurange, he judges them to be reduc'd to six thou­sand Foot, and eight hundred Horse. Since which advice, the aforesaid Sieur de Roquepine assures us, that they lose so many Men, as well by want of Provisions, as by sickness, that he believes they cannot be above five thousand five hundred at most. By this we may conclude that it will be impossible for him to march into Flanders at the head of 13 or 1400 Horse, and 4000 Foot; so that by God's help he will not be in a capacity to do us a Mischief.

[Page 109]

I conclude from this Account, and the Siege of Breda, that till the 20th. of August, or thereabout, you will have no great Business upon your hands; because the Spaniards will endeavour all they can, to hinder the Lines of Cir­cumvallation from being finish'd at Breda; and when they find there is no possibility of saving that Town, 'tis probable they will come to attack us in their own Coun­try, and that we may be so happy as to conclude this Cam­pagne with a successful Battle.

I conjure you to take care that Landrechy be well forti­fy'd, and that nothing be wanting there.

LETTER XCII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Was extremely glad to be inform'd by yours of the 9th. of this Month, after what manner Affairs went on your side. You found by my former Letter, which I gave Monsieur de Combour to deliver to you, that the King gives you full liberty to act at your Discretion, and that your Advices and ours did not differ.

I never knew particularly what sort of a place St. Guil­lain was, for which reason I writ to you concerning it, as a thing fit to be undertaken, if you judged it worth the while. The Difficulties we must expect to find there now, upon account of the two Men that were hanged, have wholly alter'd the Face of this Affair; so that we must comfort our selves, if Maubeuge, as you represent it, can do us the same kindness. In such a case it will be ne­cessary for you to fortifie your self there as well as you can. I did not so much apprehend the difficulty of ta­king St. Guillain, as that of keeping it, which cou'd not be done without great Convoys, that require abundance of Troops, and in the Winter are almost impossible. If we cou'd take Avenes, as I most assuredly believe we may, we shou'd have reason to say that this Campagne was em­ploy'd happily enough. This is therefore the Point to which we must stick; and by keeping the Sambre, whereof [Page 110] now you are Master, still in your power, you may hinder the Enemy from coming to the relief of it.

Bezancon, when he was here, promised to do Wonders in the good ordering of the Army; for which reason we have sent him word to go to wait upon you, that by your Orders he might as far as is possible, hinder the Sol­diers from making havock of the Corn; for I well fore­see that it will be an impossible Matter to furnish so great a Body with Corn enough, if you don't make them sub­list upon what you find in the Country; where, as I am informed, 'tis exceedingly plentiful. In the mean time, one Touches, of Metz, is gone to convoy four or five hundred Muids of Corn that are now at Guise, to Landrechy, in which he will be forced to employ more than two hundred Horses which you demanded; and which have been employ'd in carrying one thing or another ever since you have taken the Field.

A Message has been sent to Monsieur Lambert to joyn de Bussy's Army at Estren, between Capelle and Avenes, and to stay there till you send him farther Orders.

As for the Owners of the Horses that bring Provisions to your Army, they shall have all due encouragement to make them continue in the Service. In the mean time you must take care to prevent them from leaving you.

I have seen a Letter of the Sieur Arnauld, dated the 10th. of this Month, and written to the Reverend F. Joseph, wherein he wonders that the Month's Pay, which, accord­ing to his account, ought to have arrived at the Army on the 15th. was not yet come. The aforesaid Sieur indeed, when he was here, sollicited for a Month's Pay for the 15th. upon which I was resolv'd to use all my Interest with Monsieur de Bullion, to have it got ready, and do the same every Day, and yet I cannot bring him to name a­ny precise time. All that I can assure you of at present, is that it shall be ready without fail some time this Month.

As for Money to carry on the Works, you have alrea­dy receiv'd the fifty thousand Livres sent for Landrechy, and thirty thousand more, which l' Espine brought you for St. Guillain or Maubeuge. I sent you word that you shou'd want nothing; and here I repeat the same Promise to you. I cou'd wish with all my Heart that you had such a brave. Fellow with you as Terrail was, who petarded so ma­ny Towns belonging to the Hollanders for the Arch-Duke, for that perhaps is one of the things that we want to try, since the greatest part of the Enemy's Towns lie naked and [Page 111] unprovided, I am persuaded you will lose no opportunity to undertake any thing that you judge proper to be done for the King's Service: For which reason I shall for­bear to say any more to you; only give me leave to assure you that I am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

Pray send me the Plan of Maubeuge, and the Design of the Fortifications you intend to make there, or that of St. Guillain, if you were ever able by chance to procure it. You must use all means, my Lord, to end this Campagne happily, to which we will contribute on our side all that lies in our power.

LETTER XCIII. To the same.

My Lord,

AFter I had heard Monsieur de la Meilleraye upon the Sub­ject of his Journey, I am of Opinion, that of all the Designs which he proposes on your part, there are only two that can be reasonably undertaken; that is to say, ei­ther the Siege of Cambray, or that of Avenes.

That of Cambray indeed is of much greater importance, but it is to be feared that the Season is already too far advanced, and that we have not all the Preparatives re­quisite for such a Design, especially People to supply the Army, so as several Accidents, which often happen un­expectedly, may require.

As for that of Avenes, besides that it is more feasible, it seems to be more agreeable to the present state of our Af­fairs. It will stand us in mighty stead to preserve all the Posts we have taken upon the Sambre, the keeping of which is a sort of Circumvallation for the aforesaid Siege. So that by making our selves Masters of Beaumont, Solre, and Chimay, if we please, the place will be surrounded with­out [Page 112] being formally so. During this Siege, the greatest part of his Majesty's Horse being intrench'd at Maubeuge, with four thousand Men, will make Head against the Enemy, who will not dare to oppose or give them Battel; and we may make several Attempts upon them in Parties.

What will chiefly contribute to the execution of this Design, will be to lose no time to detach the Troops that are to march thither, out of your Army, and to give them necessary Orders to joyn on some prefix'd Day at the above-mention'd place.

In the mean time, my Lord, if you'll give me leave to tell you my Opinion: You have three things to do; in the first place, you must secure Maubeuge, whether by for­tifying the whole Town, or by making a good Redoubt, capable of maintaining the Lodgment of the Horse that will be in the place. You must make as great a Maga­zine of Corn and Forrage at Maubeuge as is possible, and preserve the Country behind the Sambre, as far as the Oyse and the Meuse, that you may take up Winter-Quarters there for the greatest part of our People.

After all I have said to you, the King entirely leaves it to your own choice, to undertake which of these two Designs you judge most proper. However, if you shou'd have a fair opportunity in the mean time to petard any place, you wou'd do well to make the Experiment. Monsieur de la Meilleraye tarries here two Days, and then he will most as­suredly return to you: But we thought it convenient to dispatch this Courrier to you beforehand, that neither Mon­sieur de la Meilleraye's tarrying here two Days longer, nor a­ny other consideration, shou'd make you lose one single Moment, to dispose every thing for the execution of what you shall pitch upon, now you have seen the King's Senti­ments upon the matter. I am,

My Lord,
Your. &c.

LETTER XCIV. To the same.

My Lord,

THE Sieur de la Garde being arriv'd here from Colen, and particularly from Breda, about an Hour after the departure of Monsieur de la Meilleraye, occasions me to dis­patch this Courrier to you, to acquaint you for certain, that you have no reason to apprehend that the Cardinal Infant will quit the Design he has form'd, and the Post he has taken, to hinder the Siege of Breda, to come and give you the least disturbance; things being come to such a Point, that the Spaniards fortifie themselves in all places thro' which the Convoys of the States may come, in order to hinder them; so that the Prince of Orange has sent the King word, that he is like to find himself very much embarrass'd, if we don't make a powerful diversion on this side. 'Tis therefore your part, my Lord, to act with the greatest Vigour you can, without amusing your self at what we proposed to you, to make a Line of Circum­vallation, .................... which must be in­fallibly carried if it is warmly attack'd; and having no other Enemies to fear than what you have before you.

I have sent a fresh Dispatch to the Mareschal de Chastil­lon, to engage him to undertake the Attack of ..........

If our 84 don't do something considerable, it is to be fear'd that 2600 finding the difficulty of his .......... will not ........ with the 76, for to .......... with ................ This, if you please, shall lie betwixt me and you. I conjure you therefore upon this consideration, to lose no time; and believe me that I shall be proud of an opportunity to convince you by my Acti­ctions, that I am with all sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XCV. To the same.

My Lord,

THE King having by my former Letters, to which I have receiv'd your Answer, given you to understand his Intentions, nothing now remains for me to say to you: 'Tis your concern to fortifie and keep your Post at Maubeuge, as you have proposed, and to attack Avenes, while the Mareschal de Chastillon makes account to go to attack Mommedy, or some other place.

You will receive the hundred thousand Franks which you demand for your Works, besides the ten thousand Crowns which you design to employ at Maubeuge. No di­ligence shall be wanting on our side to assist you; and pray give me leave as your hearty Friend and Servant, to beg of you that nothing be wanting on yours. I confess I was astonish'd when I found that your Fortifications at Mau­beuge were not begun, and that Beaumont and Solre were not as yet taken. This is all we have to represent to you from these parts, it belongs to you to do all that lies in your power. My Cosen de la Meilleraye, and the Con­clusion of this Letter, will assure you of my Affection, and that I shall always be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XCVI. To the same.

My Lord,

I Have dispatch'd the Bearer hereof to you, to bring you four thousand Pistoles, to begin your Works. Before this Summ is half spent, you shall have the remainder of what you desir'd. Thus nothing shall be wanting to you [Page 115] that may serve to carry on your Designs. The two Swiss Companies that the King sends, begin their march to day; and the six Companies of French Guards that are quar­ter'd near Compeigne, are to march to morrow.

The Duke of Weymar has passed the Rhine, and since that has twice beaten John de Wert, who came to attack him in his own Retrenchments. He has by this time quitted them, and advances forward, as he sends me word. The last time that John de Wert attacked him, he left a thou­sand of his own Men upon the Spot. This is all I have to say to you at present, who am, and always will be,

My Lord,
Your &c.

LETTER XCVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

I Have received your Letter, dated the 23d. of this Month. In answer to which, I must take the free­dom to tell you, that if you imagine the King is not sa­tisfy'd with your Services, you wrong him; and if in con­sequence of that, you think some ill Offices have been done you here, you are much mistaken. This I can as­sure you, that no one has mention'd your Name without doing you that Justice which you deserve; but indeed if to extol a Man's Merits as high as 'tis possible, be a Tres­pass, a world of People here have trespassed against you, who I am afraid will never repent, or beg your pardon for doing it. In the mean time, I think you cannot take it amiss, if as you have managed his Majesty's Affairs ex­tremely well, we are so vain as to wish you had mana­ged them better; and that having receiv'd certain Infor­mations two Months ago, of the Enemy's weakness du­ring all that time, we desire you had made a farther Pro­gress in their Country, if we cou'd have done it, which we have not. Such Desires are always reasonable, when they don't exceed the Bounds of possibility; and to say [Page 116] the truth, I don't believe there is any place in the World where this Decorum is better observ'd than here, where you must know you have such extraordinary Friends, that tho' they shou'd sometimes dispense with this Rule, yet they wou'd never do it where you are concerned. I must there­fore beg of you to quit these unjust Opinions, protesting to you by that Sincerity of which I always made pro­fession, that what I have told you is true. And since Diligence is one of the most requisite Qualifications in a Person that possesseth your Post, continue, I beseech you, to employ the remainder of the Campagne to as much advantage as you hitherto have done since the open­ing of it. The Siege of Breda goes on very well. The Advices you receiv'd that the Enemy had taken Nimme­guen, are false. The Hollanders don't seem to apprehend the least danger from the Spaniards.

Monsieur de Chastillon has defeated seven or eight hundred of the Enemy's Horse in Luxemburg, who came with a De­sign to beat up one of his Quarters, and three hundred of them lost their Lives upon the place. He is now employ'd in the Siege of Damvilliers, where there are seven hun­dred Soldiers in Garrison, and about the same number of the Country Militia. He expects to reduce it by the 8th. of October at the farthest, by which time I don't question but that you'll have try'd every thing that carries any Face of Success: To which I shall contribute on my part all that lies in my power, since no Man honours you more, or is with greater sincerity than my self,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER XCVIII. To the Duke of Hallwin.


HAving receiv'd certain advice that the Spaniards, who design to make a Descent upon Languedoc, main­tain a private intelligence in some places of that Pro­vince, upon which they ground their principal Designs, [Page 117] I thought my self obliged to inform you of this with all expedition, that you might take such a Course to pre­vent it, as you shall think necessary. Above all, you must keep a careful Eye upon Narbonne, Leucate, and o­ther frontier places to which it may be presum'd the Enemies design their first Onsets, or upon those Towns that are situate near the Sea, where they may land with the Vessels they have built for that purpose. I am satis­fy'd, that upon this, and all other occasions, wherein his Majesty's Service is concern'd, you'll behave your self with all the Care, Affection, and Diligence that can be expected from you. Upon which Assurance I shall trou­ble you with no more Lines, but only add, that I am, and always will be,

Your, &c.

LETTER XCIX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

SInce some unexpected Difficulties, that cou'd not be foreseen, have knocked your design upon Avenes in the Head, I can say nothing to it. We can only make our selves some amends by taking Capelle. I cou'd wish that we had known this Resolution four Days ago, having sent an Express to the Prince of Orange, that you had laid Siege to Avenes, and Monsieur de Chastillon to Damvilliers. We must dispatch another Messenger to him, to acquaint him with the reason of this Alteration; however I am afraid that this will make him judge ill of our intenti­ons, although you know well enough there is no reason for it. Since the Situation of Avenes is such, that it cannot well be attack'd at this Season of the Year, we must so contrive matters as to make it fall into our Hands this Winter, by the Difficulties they'll find to subsist a nu­merous Garrison wholly by Convoys, which we may ren­der in a manner impracticable to them, since we have Royaumont and Solre already in our Hands, and you design [Page 118] to make your self Master of Chimay: All which Garrisons, if they do but watch their opportunities, will soon ruine the Trade of the aforesaid Convoys.

One of the most important things is to fortifie Maubeuge strongly, and that with speed. Finding by the Letter you sent to me by the Sieur Arnaud d' Andilly, that you reckon the fortifying of it will cost fourscore thousand Franks, I have now sent you fifty thousand, which, with the thir­ty you have already receiv'd, will make up the above­mention'd Summ. I beg of you to carry on the Works with all diligence, and manage them so, that several Per­sons may be employ'd upon several Works, in order to make the greater haste. I can assure you, that although I have other Affairs of no less consequence upon my hands, which make me never pass a Night without thinking on them, and putting my Invention upon the rack to ad­vance them, yet I am sure I take as much care of your Business as I do of any thing else. There is a necessity not only to work hard upon the Fortifications of Maubeuge, but likewise upon those of Landrechy, of Chasteau-Cambresis, and those places you design to keep for your Winter-Quarters.

'Tis also necessary to lay up a sufficient Magazine of Corn at Maubeuge, that may last till Harvest-time, other­wise 'tis of no purpose to bestow Money upon fortifying it. For this effect, we have given twenty thousand Crowns to Gargan, to buy up all the Corn he can find in the Neighbourhood: If he shou'd not lay them out as we directed him, he wou'd do us a great Injury. Pray send me word whether he deals faithfully with us, and ob­lige him to it by the Authority you have over him. Thus I hope we shall be the sooner able to fill this Magazine, be­cause no Money shall be wanting for that purpose. Rest assur'd that I am, and ever will be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

IF I thought you wou'd not be inform'd by some o­ther hand, that the King is extremely displeased at the Siege of Capelle, I wou'd not acquaint you with it, for fear of making you uneasie; for which reason I cou'd conceal it no longer from you. Now my Hand is in, I must tell you farther, that he throws all the Blame upon [Page 119] Monsieur de la Meilleraye, and, by a glancing Stroke, upon me, saying, It was he that caused this Resolution to be taken, directly against his Orders. I must desire you not to be disturb'd at this unlucky Accident, which affects me more than it does any one else. Care has been taken to represent the unforeseen Difficulties that made the De­sign upon Avenes impracticable; and that you undertook the Siege, that now employs you, by the advice of all the principal Officers; but all this is suspected coming from my Mouth. For which reason I intreat you to send a Letter to Monsieur de Noyers, in which let there be a di­stinct and clear Relation how this Affair came to be re­solv'd upon. For God's sake never be afflicted for the matter, but take care to preserve your Person; and see that the Grand Master does the same.

LETTER C. To the Duke of Halwin.


BEing inform'd of a flying Report in your Govern­ment, that there is a design to transport Corn from thence, by vertue of a Pass-port which one of my Rela­tions has obtain'd, I purposely writ this Letter, to beg the favour of you, that in case any Person comes upon such an Errand, under pretence of a Pass-port, to hinder it from having any effect. You may very well imagine, that I am so far from consenting to have the Province robb'd of what is necessary for its Subsistence, that on the other hand, I wou'd contribute all that lies in my power to procure an abundance of all things there. I will not enlarge my self longer to convince you of this truth, being content to assure you at present, that I am, and ever will be,

Your, &c.

LETTER CI. To the Cardinal de la Vallette.

My Lord,

I Writ so large a Letter to you yesterday, and Monsieur Arnaud d' Andilly, who is parted from hence, has re­ceiv'd such particular Instructions in all points, that I shou'd make but a sorry Compliment to his Under­standing, to entertain you with a tedious Discourse a­bout them. I shall only make bold once more to con­jure you, not to be afflicted at the Dissatisfaction his Ma­jesty has express'd upon your resolution to besiege Capelle instead of Avenes; for I can assure you, that you are not concern'd in it at all, it wholly falling upon Monsieur de la Meilleraye, and upon my self by a side Blow. You know well enough whether we are guilty or no. This gives me an assurance that his Majesty will find out the Truth at last, and show the same Favours to his Ser­vants as he has been accustom'd to do. It wou'd be con­venient for you to dispatch an Officer to the King, with the Minutes of the Debate when this Resolution was ta­ken. I am, and ever shall be, without the least Alte­ration,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER CII. To the same.

My Lord,

I Cannot sufficiently lament the Death of Monsieur de Bussy, or be too apprehensive for the Wounds of Mon­sieur de Rambure. It was a terrible Misfortune, that only thirty of the Enemy, and the panic Fear of our own Men, shou'd produce so unlucky an Effect.

The King has bestow'd all Monsieur de Bussy's Places up­on his Son. He has likewise granted to Monsieur de Ca­stelnau the same Privilege that he uses to grant to the Captains of the Guards, when they lose their Ensigns. His Majesty designs to put one of his own uominating into the place; but then he will order him to give four thousand Crowns to the aforesaid Sieur de Castelnau, which is the Sum that the other Captains of the Guards usually re­ceive for it. Let me conjure you to make your Trenches as secure as you can contrive them.

I dispatch'd this Express on purpose to let you know that the King's Displeasure is over, that he is very sensi­ble it was impracticable to besiege Avenes, and that he is no longer angry with Monsieur de la Meilleraye. Besides what I have written to him about this Matter, I desire you to satisfie him of the truth of it, and to preserve your self carefully. Rest assur'd that I am,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER CIII. To the Duke of Halwin.


'TIS so long ago since you were inform'd of the E­nemy's Design, that I am persuaded you are not surprized at their Descent upon Languedoc, and that you have long since put your self in a posture to oppose their Progress. The King does not question but that you will upon this occasion discover your Merits and Bravery, and, in short, do all that he has reason to expect from your Affection to his Service. His Majesty has sent the Sieur de Bellefonds, to serve in Quality of Mareschal de Camp about you; as also a Commission to Monsieur d' Argencourt, for the same Employ. He is content you shou'd make use of all the Forces that are in the Province; and Monsieur de Noyers has writ more particularly to you about it.

The Bishop of Nismes has sent me word, that the Dio­cess and City of Nismes have rais'd a Regiment, consisting of twelve hundred Men, that will be ready to march by the 15th. of this Month, and sends me word, that every one behaves himself so well in this common Danger, that the Spaniards will find it a much more difficult matter to get home again, than they found it easie to come there. I am consident you will omit nothing of your Care and Diligence to bring this about, and we shall in a short time hear the World speak of your great Exploits. In the mean time, I beg of you to believe that I will always set a just value upon your Services, as being,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER CIV. To the Duke of Hallwin.


HIS Majesty judging it expedient, in this present Juncture, to send a Gentleman to you, to give Or­ders, and act in his Name, such things as you shall look upon to be of great importance to his Service; and ha­ving chosen Majola, Lieutenant of my Guards, to take this Journey, I wou'd not suffer him to depart before I had put this Letter into his Hands, to tell you, that as nothing well can be added to the Orders which you have laid down in your Government, to put it in a Conditi­on to oppose the Designs of the Enemy, or to the extraor­dinary trouble, which for this purpose you have under­gone, so nothing can give his Majesty so much content, as the Care and Vigilance you have shewn upon this Oc­casion. I don't tell you what a satisfaction it is to my self in particular, because you may easily imagine it by the sincerity of my Affection to you. I will only once more conjure you, to use your utmost Efforts to confirm the good Opinion which the King and his Servants have entertain'd of your Courage and Prudence, and let his [Page 123] Majesty's Enemies know to their cost, how formidable you are in the Field. This I dare affirm to you, that as no Man living is more affected at what concerns you than my self, so no Man can more earnestly wish that you shou'd acquire Glory and Reputation, to which I shall freely con­tribute all that lies in my power, as the aforesaid Sieur de Majola will more particularly inform you. Rest assur'd, that I am, and ever shall be,

Your, &c.

LETTER CV. To the same.


I Add these few Lines to the Letter I writ to you yester­day, to conjure you, as far as I have any Interest in you, to attack the Spaniards with all possible Vigour, and not to give them time to fortifie themselves in Languedoc, as they have done towards St. John de Luz. They have not three thousand well-disciplin'd Men; all the rest are raw Fellows, as we are certainly inform'd. If you press them warmly, they'll infallibly run for it; and if you once put them to flight, you'll come off as victoriously as the late Mareschal de Schomberg did at Rhee, at Casal, and Castelnaudarry; and it will be no small Honour, let me tell you, to beat the Enemy out of your Government. I don't question but that you'll do your utmost upon this occasion, as I heartily encourage you. They that vigo­rously set upon the Spaniards, can never fail of bring­ing them to reason; but 'tis downright Madness to pretend to humble them by Patience and Delays. I heartily wish you may prove successful in this Af­fair, as well because it will be for his Majesty's Service, as for your own Reputation. Rest assur'd that no Man can love you better than my self, who am,

Your, &c.

LETTER CVI. To the Cardinal de la Valette.

My Lord,

IM mediately upon the receipt of yours, dated Sept. 17. I sent this Courrier to you, in the first place to beg one Favour of you, tho' I know you need no sollicitation in it, which is to hasten your Siege as much as you can: Se­condly, to tell you that Monsieur de Chavigny sets out to morrow, to meet you, and will be next Tuesday Morning at Gapelle, where I pray don't let him go to the Trenches, a Man of his Profession having nothing to do there. He will communicate all our Thoughts to you. In the mean time, sending a Dispatch to Monsieur de Châtillon, to give him orders to lay up Provisions at Rocroy, and the Towns upon the Meuse; I will tell you beforehand, that if the Cardinal Infant takes the way of Cambray, you must with all expedition send twelve hundred Men at least, one half to St. Quintin, and the other half to Peron­ne, and three hundred Horse to each of these two places; by which means the Enemy will be able to do nothing on that side. I am of opinion likewise, that it will be necessary to send back the Cavalry of poor Rambure to Dourlans.

I can assure you, and Monsieur de Chavigny will do the same, that the Cardinal Infant cannot bring above four thousand Foot and two thousand Horse into the Field, being constrain'd to leave the remainder of his Troops, to prevent the Incursions which the Hollanders may make into the Country, after Breda is taken.

This is the true State of the Enemy on that side. And then Picolomini and Balancon, having both in Horse and Foot not above nine or ten thousand Men at most, the greatest part of which are unarm'd, 'tis impossible for them to make a Body of above fifteen or sixteen thou­sand Men in all.

In all probability they will not abandon their Post at Mons, because then they will have the Heart of the [Page 125] Country open, and give an opportunity to Monsieur de Candalle to cut off their Rear.

Now if they leave any Forces at Mons, they cannot leave less than four or five thousand Men, by which means they will not be able to bring above ten thou­sand Men into the Field; in which case it will be suf­ficient to have a thousand Horse in Maubeuge, and four thousand Foot with Monsieur de Tureune.

You may likewise spare from your Siege, since the Lines of Circumvallation are now finish'd, a thousand Horse, and seven thousand Foot, and so have always more than six thousand Horse, and from nine to ten thou­sand Foot, to bring into the Field, which Monsieur de Candalle may command, till the Siege you are now em­ploy'd in, gives you leave to be there in Person. And when once the aforesaid Siege is over, I hope I shall soon be so happy as to assist at a Te Deum for a Victo­ry you have obtain'd. I desire it, my Lord, no less for your Reputation, than for the Welfare of his Majesty's Affairs, as being with the utmost sincerity,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

LETTER CVII. To the same

My Lord,

I Have dispatch'd the Bearer hereof, whose Name is Garde, on purpose to tell you, that the King has sent with all expedition for twelve hundred Horse out of Monsieur de Chastillon's Army, and that he sends four Companies of his Guards, and the Regiment of Roche­giffard, which consists of twelve hundred Men, and was quarter'd about Senlis, to St. Quintin and Peronne, that by this means you might be able to keep all your Troops together, without sending them to those two places, as I desir'd you to do yesterday. I here once more as­sure you, that the Cardinal Infant has brought but two thousand Horse, and four thousand Men with him, and you may take my word for it, 'tis as true as Gospel. Provided that one cou'd avoid a disadvantageous Battel, between this and six Days hence, if Capelle were once taken, we ought to contrive some way or other to fight the Enemy, and I hope we shou'd come off with no less Success than we have used to do of late.

The Duke of Savoy has just now gain'd a Battel, where­in he has totally defeated, seven thousand Foot, and five hundred Horse, tho' he had not above five thou­sand Foot, and five hundred Horse. In this Action the Enemy lost all their Cannon and Equipage. I have a ve­ry strong opinion, that we shall have some good Success; but however we must take Capelle with all speed; and in the mean time be careful to avoid any ill-favour'd Shock, which in my poor Judgment is easily done, since this is the third time that I have sent you a true account of the Enemy's Force. You may depend upon the truth of it; as also that I am, and ever shall be,

My Lord,
Your, &c.

A MEMORIAL. To the same.

IF the advice we just now receiv'd is true, viz. that the Cardinal Infant is march'd with the Troops of his own Army, and those of Picolomini, to Nivelles, and has taken the way of Pont-du-Loup upon the Sambre, we are of opinion here, that they have only one of these two things left to do; either to possess themselves of Beaumont, as Monsieur de Candalle imagines, in which case 'tis of the last importance to throw a Body of Horse and Foot into it, that shall be capable to stop the march of the Enemy: Or else to leave Beaumont, and marching more to the Left, to go strait for Mariembourg; in which case posting themselves at Chimay, they may incommode the Siege of Capelle, and alarm Rocroy, and Charleville, on the other side.

If they take this last way, the Communication of Mau­beuge, Landrechy, and la Capelle will not be interrupted; as well because Royanmont and Solre will continue in your Hands, as because all the other side of the Sambre towards Mons will be free.

Let them go upon what Design they will, if they march on that side, it is highly necessary to keep Beau­mont.

If they take this way, St. Quintin and Peronne will be cover'd, and then the Cardinal de la Valette may draw from thence four Companies of the Guards, and the Regiment of Roche-giffard, to fortifie it, and so order matters, that the Succours which he may at present give to Monsieur de Candalle, shall not hinder his Siege.

He may likewise raise all the Militia between Guise and Tirasche, which the SIeurs de Longueval, and de Quincé may bring to him, to assist him to keep the Circumvallation of the Siege of Capelle.

Since the King's Return, his Majesty has been pleas'd to explain himself to this effect; that if the Enemy marched towards Rocroy, then the Cardinal de la Valette should follow them with all the Army, in case Capelle [Page 128] shou'd happen to be taken, leaving at Maubeuge all the Men he can conveniently spare for the security of the place; and in case it is not taken, that Monsieur de Can­dalle shou'd follow the Enemy with a Body of two thousand Foot, and six thousand Horse, which shall overtake Monsieur de Vaubecourt, towards Aubigny, with twelve hun­dred Horse, and all the Militia of Champagne.

After the aforesaid Debate was over, his Majesty being present, has commanded me to send word to the Cardi­nal de la Valette, that he shou'd put this present advice in execution, and whatever else may be sent to him, ac­cording as he shall judge it most expedient, being upon the place.

If the Enemy takes the Road of Cambray, they will leave you the whole Country between the Meuse and the Sambre open, and consequently the Communication be­tween Capelle and Maubeuge free.

The Cardinal of Richelieu.

LETTER CVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


I Am so much the more pleased at the Surrender of Capelle, which News was brought to me by Monsieur de Cinq-Mars, because this good Success will, in all probability, put you in a way to attain greater Advantages over the Enemy, now your Forces are more at liberty to act, and you are not taken up with any Siege. I hope this, both from the Prosperity of his Majesty's Arms, and from your Prudence; affuring you, that I no less sincerely pray, that the King's Affairs may prosper under your Conduct, than for the Preservation of my own Life; which I shall most willingly sacrifice, at any time, for the Advantage of the King's Service; and to give your Lord­ship clearer Convictions, that no Man living is with more Sin­cerity than I am,

Your most humble, &c.

LETTER CVIII. To the Same.


I Was overjoy'd to find by Monsieur de Chavigny, that you are so heartily affected to me. I beseech you to believe, that I shall be no less zealous in whatever regards yourself, and that nothing shall cause the least Alteration in my Friend­ship to you.

I have dispatched this Messenger again, to tell you, that being of Opinion that you may, without laying aside any of the Designs, which the aforesaid Sieur de Chavigny has ac­quainted me with, send at least fifteen Hundred Horse to [Page 150] Monsieur de Chatillon, instead of the Thousand we have sent you, and the Two Thousand Foot. In my Judgment 'tis wholly necessary that this should be done with all Expedition, because, as you have very well observed, one of the most advantageous Designs we can possibly go upon for the remain­der of this Campagne, is, to possess our selves of Damvillers; as likewise, because we have received Advice, that Duke Charles is marched to join Cantelme, with all the Forces he could get together, to endeavour the Relief of that Place. I am sorry that after this I must send you the News of the Duke of Savoy's Death, which afflicts me in an inexpressible manner. I am, and ever shall be, your most, &c.

LETTER CIX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


HAving an Opportunity to write to you by the Sieur Fa­bert, who is going towards you, I can only tell you, That the King gives you full Liberty to Act as you shall judge it most advantageous to his Service. The Retreat of Beau­mont has somewhat surprized his Majesty; but as we are not yet fully acquainted with the Particulars, we cannot tell what to say to it. I can positively assure you, that the Cardinal In­fant has sent back part of his Troops to Prince Thomas, to oppose the Progress of the Prince of Orange. 'Tis certain, that it had done no small Service to his Majesty's Affairs, if we could have perform'd something on your side to content the Hollanders, who are impatient to advance into the Enemies Country; and complain, tho without any Reason, that we have done them a great deal of Harm. His Majesty thinks it ex­pedient, that you should send back for the Two Thousand Foot, and the Fifteen Hundred Horse, which you sent to the Mareschal de Chatillon, in case you are able to affect any thing. Whatever you [...]o, you must be sure to take up some Winter-Quarters near Chimay, which would have been very proper to have sustained the Army of Beaumont.

Monsieur de Noyers has Writ so fully to you, that I have no more to add at present, but that I am, and ever shall be, with the utmost Sincerity, your most, &c.

P. S. I desire you, my Lord, so long as you continue where you are, to take care that Landrechy be well fortified; and give such Directions for Sonooyes, that the Place may be victualled for a Year: For you know well enough, that the Sieur Gargan exhausted all its Provisions for the Service of the Army.

LETTER CX. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


I Find by the Letter which Billon, Quartermaster of my Guards, brought me from you, that you have been so reserved and sparing, that you wou'd not take up Nine Thousand Livres out of that Money which Monsieur de Noyers and I sent to you some time ago, to employ them upon the Fortifications of Chateau Cambreses. For which Reason I have sent you these few Lines to acquaint you, That you may em­ploy the aforesaid Sum to the above-mentioned purpose as soon as you please, since I am clearly of the Opinion with you, that 'tis necessary; and so much the more, that you may freely make use of any thing, where I have any particular Power. Depend upon this, I beseech you; and believe that I am your most, &c.

LETTER CXI. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


YOu will so particularly know the King's Intentions upon the Subject of your Dispatches, by the Letter which the Chevalier de Monclair brings you, that it will be unnecessary [Page 152] for me to add any thing to it. So the only occasion of my writing to you this, is to renew to you the Assurances of my hearty Affection, upon which you may certainly depend, and rest satisfied that I shall be proud of any Opportunity to let you see how zealous I am to serve you I have sent word to the Count de Guiche, that the King gives him leave to come to Paris, to be there at his Lady's Lying-in. I am perswa­ded that you will freely consent to it at this Juncture, when the Army does not require his Presence. The Sicur de Mont­clair will inform you of all that has happened in these parts; to which, reserring myself, I shall only add, that I am your most, &c.

LETTER CXII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


I Was extreamly surprized to find by the Count de Guiche, that you believed that some Body had done you ill Offices with the King. I can positively assure you of the contrary, and that you have been never mentioned here but to your Advantage. To satisfie you further, If some envious Persons had misrepresented you in your Absence, yet his Majesty and his Servants know you too well, to entertain any other Opi­nion of you, than what you justly deserve, or to give Credit to any Reports that may be spread to your Prejudice. Let me therefore conjure you to remove these ill-grounded Suspi­cions, and rest assured, That as no body, as far as I can per­ceive, has endeavour'd to do you the least Injury; so that nothing is able to wound your Reputation, either with the King, or any Person at Court that esteems and honours you as I do, who shall be glad of any Opportunity to convince you, that I am, with all Sincerity, yours, &c.

LETTER CXIII. To Mareschal Schomberg.


FOr the entire security of Leucatte, and the better defence of the Frontiers from any Insults on that side, some Per­sons of your parts have thought it advisable to build a Fort, in immitation of that of the Spaniards, called St. Ange, in the narrow Road that leads from Spain to Leucatte; with a large Half-moon before the Gate, enclosing a small Hill that com­mands the Place; as also a Block-house on an Eminence hard by, which has the like command. I have already writ of this to Monsieur D' Argencour, and have desired him to com­municate my Letter to you, and to joyn with you in the Survey of those Places, and to observe whether these Works are neces­sary or not. But having received no Answer from him, I thought it but requisite to acquaint you with the same thing; desiring, that together with him and some others, that should be well acquainted with the Scituation of the Place, you would make a strict Examination into the Matter, and enquire whether such a Design might be profitable or not; it being impossible for me to determine any thing so far off so well as those that are upon the Spot, and know the Country.

As for Leucatte, I am of opinion, that if it were possible to throw down the Faussebraie from within, it were the best Means to secure the Place against the utmost Efforts of its E­nemies; the Spaniards having always fetch'd Earth to fortifie their Trenches from the very brink of the said Faussebraie. Methinks Measures should not be wanting to effect this Work, and which in my Judgment is as much or more necessary than any other. I desire you to do what is in your Power, and to give me a speedy Account: In expectation of which, I am, &c.

LETTER CXIV. To the Duke of Halwin.


I Cannot express my Joy for your Success in your late Expe­dition at Leucatte, to force an Intrenchment, relieve a Town and gain a Battle, are visible effects of God's Assistance; and I'm the more thankful because you are chosen for the Mi­nister of so glorious an Action, advantageous both to your own Country, and the Kingdom in general. By this it appears that your Courage and Fidelity are not accompanied with less Suc­cess than your Father, Monsieur Schomberg's, have always been. The Satisfaction I hereby receive is inexpressible. You have nothing left to do but to make the best use of so signal a Victo­ry. Monsieur Noyers has acquainted you with the King's Plea­sure, and I am well assured you will not defer your Obedience with less Zeal than you did in your late Action, which got you so great Honour. This I conjure you too for a thousand Rea­sons which I have not time here to mention. Believe, that I am and will be always, &c.

P. S. I cannot help acquainting you again, that I am over­joy'd at the Action in Languedoc, and the rather because it was performed by you: I can assure you, I will be un­mindful of nothing that may in the least contribute towards the gratifying your Expectations and Deserts.

LETTER CXV. To Mareschal Schomberg.
From the Appartment of the Sieurs Torquefort and Bodin.


BY some Persons lately come from Leucatte, I understand that you have not repair'd the Ruins caus'd by the Siege, nor yet begun the New Works, which you yourself, and Mon­sieur d' Argencour, judg'd necessary to be made; and, in a word, that the Place is in a much worse Condition at present, than it was when the Spaniards first set down before it. Tru­ly this News has the more surpriz'd me, in that I did not be­lieve there remained any thing to be done, to secure it from any second Attempt of its Enemies, in regard of the long time you have had to work. I earnestly entreat you therefore to remedy this Default, in such manner, that no Inconveniency may result from your Omission; and to consider that it is not enough to secure a Place, if one does not afterwards endea­vour to preserve it by Prudence and Foresight. You have so great a Concern in this, that I do not doubt but you will do whatever is in your Power: and so conclude, &c.

LETTER CXVI. To the Same.


THe desire I have to see the Harbour of Agde finish'd, oc­casions my resuming my Pen to conjure you, so to manage Affairs, either by your Interest or Authority, that at the next Assembly of the States, the Provinces may be tax'd [Page 156] with such a Sum as may perfect the Works so well begun. I do not recommend to you the Advantage they'll receive by it in general, nor the Benefit and Conveniency that some pri­vate Persons have already had, because you know both much better than I. But I shall only assure you, that such care shall be taken of the Money so designed, that the Country shall have no reason to grudge the Charge. The Bishop of Agde will communicate an Order to you, that I have sent him upon this Occasion. I desire you to see all well executed, and that you will believe me, &c.

LETTER CXVII. To the Same.


I Cannot help acquainting you, that the King has been very much surpriz'd to hear, that the Cannons the Spaniards lost at Leucatte, are still in the Ditches, or without the Walls; and that you have not taken care to send 'em to Narbonne, accor­ding to his pleasure, made known to you long time since. His Majesty therefore hereby expresly commands you to lose no more time, but to see it speedily done, and to assign for Convoy the Regiments of Languedoc, St. Andre, St. Aunays, your own Guards, and other Troops that shall be in the Province at that time, that they may meet with no Inconveniences by the Way. For my part, I earnestly conjure you to omit nothing that may satisfie His Majesty in this Particular, for he is inex­pressibly impatient till he hears of their safe arrival at Nar­bonne. Believe that I am heartily, &c.



ALthough Monsieur Noyers may have already made known to you how important it would be to the King's Service, that the Army in Italy, under your Command, should spee­dily repass the Mountains, to the end that they might oppose the progress of their Enemies, who have been a long time in the Field, and are at present engaged in the Siege of Bresme; yet I have thought it not amiss to represent to you the same thing; earnestly conjuring you, moreover, with all the Affecti­on imaginable, that you would not be unmindful of any thing that depends either upon your Authority, your Care, or your Diligence, not only that the said Troops may speedily repass, but also that they may want for nothing that may render 'em able and compleat. You may be assured nothing can be more profitable and pleasing to His Majesty, and which I will endeavour to improve so as it may be serviceable to a Per­son that I have always honour'd and esteem'd, &c.

LETTER CXIX. To Mareschal Chatillon.


I Am overjoy'd at the good condition Monsieur Noyers has acquainted the King, he left you and the Officers of your Army in. His Majesty has so great confidence in your Sincerity, that he is assured you will speedily make known to his Ene­mies, how much is in the Power of a Mareschal Chatillon. He expects you would march Sunday next without excuse, that you might be at the River of Somme the twelfth, and at Dolaus the fifteenth. I desire you would not fail by any means, be­cause [Page 158] we have sent the Prince of Orange word that you would be in the Enemies Coutry precisely the fifteenth. His Majesty approv'd the March, Monsieur Noyers reported you design'd to make. I wish your Journey prosperous with all my Heart, and I desire you to believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CXX. To the Same.


THe King has been much troubled on account of the De­lays to transport his Army into the Enemies Country, when he had given his word to the Prince of Orange, that they should be on their March the tenth of this Month. He has sent the Bishop of Auxerre to make you sensible how much it is for his Interest that you should repair this Omission with extraordinary Diligence, and not quit it till you are arriv'd where you are commanded. In God's Name lose no more time for several Reasons of great Consequence: But be assur'd that I am, and will be always your Security, &c.

LETTER CXXI. To the Same.


HAving understood that Messieurs de Saint Preuil, and de la Ferte, have had a Quarrel, I conjure you by this Letter to endeavour to appease 'em all you can, or otherways to interpose your Authority, that they may become good Friends. I have writ to both of 'em, to invite 'em to it, for I should be very sorry, being my intimate Acquaintance, to have 'em push it on to any Extremity. I am well assur'd your Pru­dence will prevent any farther Miscarriage; and I desire you once more to believe that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXXII. To the Same.


I Have been extreamly glad to learn from the Letter, you sent me by the Gentleman of the Bed-chamber, that you were happily arriv'd before St. Omers; and the rather because you had so fair hopes of accomplishing your Design, which I wish as good Success to, as you possibly can yourself; and for its furtherance will contribute from hence whatever is in my Power. I cannot sufficiently commend and thank you, for the good Orders you have establish'd in your March, for preserving the Country, and preventing the plundering of Churches and Monasteries. I desire you to continue the same Care for the future, that your Troops may avoid the ill Reputation of Burning and Theft.

We shall not be wanting to Reinforce you according to your desire. You have never yet ask'd more than Fourteen Thou­sand Foot; but I am well assur'd, before the receipt of this, you will have above Fifteen Thousand, by the arrival of de Molondin; whose Regiment, if not Two Thousand, will at least consist of Fifteen Hundred Men: Of Bellefonds, who com­mands, above Twelve Hundred Men: Of Fouquezolles, which I don't reckon for above Five Hundred Men: Of Decamp, which I take to be about the same Number: And of De la Saludie, which, in my Opinion, cannot have less than Eight Hundred Men, which make in all Four Thousand Five Hun­dred Men. As for the Marine Regiment, you know it is im­possible for us to spare it, being one of the Principal Bodies that composes the Army of Monsieur de la Force, and which if we should take from him, that he would be considerably weakned.

I forgot to tell you Courtaumer is also upon his March, who brings you above one thousand Men, and that we have sent you Twenty Four Thousand Franks to advance your Works, that the want of Money may not retard you one moment. A God's Name, Sir, be very diligent, and assure yourself that I will be always sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXXIII. To Mareschal Schomberg.


THe successive Advices you have had of the Spaniards De­signs upon Languedoc, together with those we have re­ceiv'd from divers other places of the same Intentions, O­blige me to write you this Letter, to conjure you to take so great care of yourself, that you be not any ways surpriz'd. 'Tis hard to believe the Spaniards can be strong enough to defend themselves against the Prince's Incursions into their Country, and Attack us on another side at the same time. But admitting they were enclin'd to enter Languedoc, they would certainly change their Resolutions when they saw the Prince's Army in Spain. Nevertheless, that they may not be capable to oppose the Prince's Undertaking, you are reinforc'd, over and above the Regiments of Languedoc, Vitry and Mon­clar, with that of St. Aunais, and at need you may make use of those of Rousillon and Mirepoix, making in all six Regiments, and which at the head of the Militia of your Government are as good as the best Army we have. But we must not think to let you have always these six Regiments, for fear of over­burthening the Country, but only so long as the Prince's At­tack may experience what the Spaniards are able to do. It is your business to have so great regard to every thing, that if the Enemies will needs enter the Frontiers on your side, you may be as ready as they, not suffering yourself to be sur­priz'd, as you were the last Year.

We have sent you an Order of Ten Thousand Crowns, on the Receipt of Languedoc, to make use of upon Occasion.

I say nothing to what you writ me concerning the Prince, because you have already been acquainted by Monsieur Noyer's Dispatches, with the King's Pleasure therein: I shall only con­jure you by this to omit nothing in your Power to keep up a fair Correspondence with him, and I desire you to believe that I am and will be always assuredly, &c.

LETTER CXXIV. To the Same.


I Am extreamly pleas'd to hear, that altho' Courtaumer's Re­giment have not yet joyn'd you, you have now effectually Fourteeen Thousand well disciplin'd Men in your Army, and Three Thousand other Soldiers in case of need, which is above the Number we promis'd, and you have always desir'd. You may know by this if we are sincere in our Promises, or have engag'd you where we did not design you should succeed. You may be assur'd we shall never put you upon any thing, where we will not furnish you with Ability to go through, and to convince you the better of the Desire we have that you should speedily accomplish your Siege: The King was no soon­er acquainted with your Request to be joyn'd by Monsieur de la Force, to cover your Intrenchments, but he immediately di­spatch'd Orders to him to advance, and to march directly to­wards Therouenne, altho' he had prepar'd, and was design'd for other Attempts; and all this not to be thought unmindful of whatever was in our Power to farther your Designs and Suc­cess. I am apt to believe de la Force's Army will not lye idle by yours; for tho' it may not happen that you both engage the Enemy together, yet he may perform something advantage­ous to the Affairs of His Majesty. In the mean time, I con­jure you to contribute what ever you can to this end, and to believe that no body Affects and Esteems you more, and is more truly and cordially your Friend, than, &c.

P. S. Since your extraordinary Diligence, in your first ta­king the Field, was so advantageous to you, I desire you to neglect nothing for the future that may advance your Siege: And to remember, that 'tis from thence for the most part, that proceeds the good or ill Success of any Ʋn­dertaking.

LETTER CXXV. To Mareschal Chatillon.


I Can never enough wonder at two Expresses you lately sent to Monsieur Noyers, for I could never have believed that having had several days to view the Place you besieg'd, with­out the Enemies opposing you in the least, you could be so overseen as to leave a Canal open, where the Recruits enter'd the Town without resistance. I must confess, at first hearing this, I could not easily give credit to it, not being able to imagine that you should not foresee a place where the Ene­mies might have effected whatever they could have desir'd. As to the other Misfortune of the two Regiments defeated, we might have been the easier comforted, if the former had not depriv'd us of the means; yet it is difficult to hinder my belief, that a Convoy of Thirty Horse would not have been sufficient to have secur'd the passage of Two Regiments of Foot. Notwithstanding these ill Accidents, I am glad to hear your Resolutions still to continue the Siege in spite of 'em, and which, to encourage you in, Monsieur de la Force is order'd to your speedy Assistance. In short, you must needs carry the Place; and therefore for the future, endeavour to repair these two false Steps by a more extraordinary Diligence.

Your Reputation and the King's Interest, are more concern­ed in this than I can express, tho' not than you can imagine. In a word, if St Omers were Ostend, His Majesty is resolv'd to take it. But in truth, I must needs tell you, we should be well busied to send Troops, if you have not a more extraordinary Care to manage and to imploy 'em, so that the Enemies might not bring their Designs about without a stroke struck. I con­jure you once more not to be discourag'd at this Misfortune: but to be assur'd you shall always be seconded to his Power, that loves and honours you particularly, and who is, &c.

LETTER CXXVI. To the Same.


THis Letter is nothing but to reinforce what I advis'd you yesterday, that the King is resolv'd, whatever it cost him, to make himself Master of St. Omers, and whatever dif­ficulty may be found in the Attempt, he hopes God of his Goodness will afford him means to surmount. Do not con­cern yourself any farther, for what has already hapned; but be resolv'd for the future to endeavour to foresee and prevent the like Miscarriages. I hope Monsieur de la Force, being strengthened by a Party of your Horse, will be able to fight the Enemy successfully, if he meets an opportunity, and which may give you occasion, in the mean time, to prosecute your Siege with Vigour, and without Interruption. In a word, this Affair, being once undertaken, you cannot decline it without apparent Prejudice to His Majesty's and your own Re­putation; the increase of both, which I shall always desire, as I am, &c.



YOur last brought me no less Joy, thro' hopes you gave of a happy and speedy Success in your Expedition, than your former caus'd me Disquiet in hearing of the Re­cruits got into St. Omers. I have nevertheless always thought, being so perfectly well acquainted with you, that this petty Ac­cident could never be capable to discourage you, nor in the least to abate that warmth with which I know you undertook this Action; it being no extraordinary thing to take Places that [Page 164] have been reliev'd, where they have been attempted by a Person of your rare Endowments and Courage. I don't doubt but you have now began your Attacks, and open'd your Tren­ches, since you delay'd only till the approaches of Monsieur de la Force had cover'd you; which he now has, we are ad­vis'd, for these two Days. Wherefore there's nothing remains, but to conjure you to be very Vigilant and Diligent, and to desire you to believe that as I am a Person have always valu'd and admir'd you, so there's none can more desire the encrease of your Reputation, than myself, who am, &c.

P. S. You would do well to Ransom those Prisoners the E [...] ­mies have of ours, if you have not already done it, and to know from them if they will give Quarter or not for the future, that we may treat their Men as they shall do Ours. The Folly of the French is so great in this particular, that perhaps after they have kept 'em a considerable time, they may be enclin'd to admit 'em into their Troops; but pray let 'em know, that where any such practice shall be made use of, the first that are discover'd shall be handled after the severest manner, and this to extinguish the very first thought of any such Intentions.

LETTER CXXVIII. To Mareschal de Chatillon.


MOnsieur Noyers has writ you so large an Account of the Approach of Marschal de la Force's Army, that I have nothing left to do but to conjure you to consider well of his Reasons. For my part I take 'em to be of great consequence, not only on account of the King's Interest, but also your own Reputation. I earnestly request you not to be unmindful in the least of your Duty; and to be assured that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXXIX. To the Same.


I Was extreamly surpriz'd to see a Courrier sent hither from you, to desire that Mareschal de la Force's Army might be joyn'd speedily with yours, to accomplish your Siege of St. O­mers; as also when I understood by the same Person, that you had not yet open'd your Trenches. I believe you have for­got, that when you desir'd only the Regiments of Gassion and de la Ferte, it was on condition that you should ask no other Army to prevent the Enemies falling upon you.

You have since desir'd, that Monsieur de la Force should ap­proach you within four Leagues, which has been granted, tho' the King had other intentions; because, by covering your Siege, he would be always ready to make head against the Enemies where-ever they might m [...]rch, to enter France and make diversion. But, by your last Proposals, you re­quire his being join'd with you, which would not only de­prive him absolutely of any such Power, but also put his Majesty's Affairs into but a very ill posture. In truth, the King has been more concern'd than you can imagin at these tedious Procrastinations, and the sad variety he observes in the effects of 'em. You have already sent word two or three times, that you would open your Trenches, but still there is nothing done. Such proceeding is so very prejudicial to the King's interest, in that it gives his Enemies time to grow capable of interrupting, not only this Undertaking, but also all other his Majesty's Designs, insomuch that it is impossible for me to conceal my Sentiments of it. And, having always honour'd you, as I do still, I must needs desire you to con­sider, that it would not be at all for your Reputation, if, with an Army to back you, and another of fifteen or sixteen thousand Men under your Command, you could not take so inconsiderable a Place as St. Omers. In God's Name, Sir, be more diligent; the King's Affairs require it, and the just and reasonable impatience his Majesty may very well have upon such occasion, obliges you to it.

We have order'd the Mareschal de la Force to send Suc­cours, commanded in divers Bodies, to assist you in your Circumvallation. This is all that you can desire, and pardon me, if I tell you, you are unreasonable if you ask more. This is what I thought necessary by this Letter, which I con­clude with full assurance of the continuance of my friendship, and that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXXX. To the Same.


I Conjure you, a God's Name, to redouble your diligence: The King's Affairs, his Majesty's Satisfaction, and your own Private Interest require it. And, if after so powerful Motives, my Sentiments may seem of any moment, I beg of you, once more, to hasten your Works and the Execution of your Enterprize. Remember, that nothing is more precious than Time in great Actions; and be assur'd, that I will en­deavour always to recommend your Services, that your Re­ward may correspond with your Expectations: Who am sin­cerely, &c.

LETTER CXXXI. To Mareschal Schomberg.


FOr answer to Your's of the 28th of June, I must tell you, that tho' there be no likelihood of the Spaniards attack­ing you in Languedoc, having so powerful an Army in the very Bowels of their own Country, whether of necessity they must have speedy recourse, yet we do not see reason to with­draw all the Regiments from your Province, till we are cer­tain what they intend to do.

As for the Powder you writ for, the King having so many Armies on Foot, and so many Garrisons to furnish, it is im­possible to send you near so much as you expect. But as it is no easie thing, so neither is it necessary, there being a great deal to be found in many places of your Government, which, tho' it be almost spoil'd, yet it may be easily made good again by the many Mills you have amongst you. So that over and above this, of the 50000 weight, which you say you reserve for the Campaign, you'll have occasion only for 25000, and the other 25000 you may distribute amongst the Garrisons that want. In the mean time all necessary di­ligence shall be us'd to send you fresh Supplies as often as it shall be judg'd you have need.

It is your business to take such care of your Militia, that they may be ready to join your Regiments, as they did the last Year, if any occasion should offer. But once more, I cannot believe that the Spaniards will attack you: Or if they will needs attempt such a thing, it must be with so great dis­advantage, that you may easily over-power 'em, as you did once before. I wish it with a great deal of earnestness, as being entirely, &c.

P. S. Monsieur Melleraye has acquainted me, that there were 1636 thousand Weight of Powder in Nartonne, and which he had augmented with 10000 more. Also, that over and above this, you had 25000 for the Affair of Leucatte, whereof there was but 5000 spent: So that, if you had pleas'd, Narbonne alone might have furnish'd you with 50000 Weight of Powder, without touching the Provisions of this Year.

As for the Carriages of the great Ordnance, he believ'd 'em to be in a very good condition; for that over and above the care he had taken of 'em, the Country had rais'd Money for that purpose, which had been reposited in your Hands.

An exact Answer to all this, if you please, the first opportunity.

LETTER CXXXII. To Mareschal Chatillon.


ALtho' your ill success at St. Omers does not a little preju­dice his Majesty's Affairs at this present juncture, yet as every thing one undertakes has not always a good event, which depends purely upon God's pleasure and not on Man's: You must not suffer the small Misfortunes you have met with, to lessen or abate your Courage in the least; but, on the con­trary, as those that have as great share as you have, never shew it more than when they are oppos'd by some consider­able disorder, so you must endeavour to make amends for your former ill Success, by some other noble Undertaking. I desire you to believe I will contribute to this purpose what­ever is in my power; and you may expect from me that Esteem and Value you so sincerely deserve, and that I will be proud to make known how much I am, &c.

LETTER CXXXIII. To Mareschal Schomberg.


OUr opinion of the small probability there was of the Spaniards attacking Languedoc, when they had so pow­erful an Army of their Enemies in their own Country, was principally grounded on the successive Accounts you sent of 'em. But since, understanding by your last Express, of the 14th of this Month, that they were preparing to enter the Province, the King thinks fit that you put yourself into a con­dition, from this very moment, to oppose their Designs. And for that purpose, tho' his Majesty had intended part of those Regiments under your Command should serve elsewhere; [Page 169] yet, at present, he is willing that you retain 'em; and, fur­thermore, desires, that you would assemble, as necessity re­quires, the Regiments of Rousillon, Kelas, Mirepoix, Cabrere, Orgeville, and Montbastier, which, with those of Languedoc, St. Aunays, and the Militia that you may speedily raise, will all together make a Body of Infantry sufficient to resist and fight our Enemies, in case they should invade us. As for Horse, his Majesty well knowing you would not have enough, tho' the Gentlemen of the Country should all be assisting, has sent you ten Commissions, to raise so many Troops more with 60000 Livres for Levy-Money. But because it may be this Sum may not come to your Hands so soon as you expect, I have sent 10000 Crowns of my own Money, upon the said 60000, to the end that you may proceed in your Levies briskly, and with expedition. You may be hereby assur'd, that I have no less desires than formerly to see you gain Ho­nour over your Enemies, and that my Care of you is not more remiss.

As for the 30000 Livres you writ for about Bread, M. Noy­ers has acquainted me you have already had Orders for 'em on the general Receipt of Montpellier.

Whereas his Majesty has altogether design'd the aforesaid Troops to oppose his Enemies Intentions, if, instead of enter­ing Languedoc, they should march towards Provence, you are desir'd to do the like, and, as soon as possible, to join the Count d' Alez. But if neither Languedoc nor Provence stand in need of you, the King would have you command 'em a­way into Italy, as well to strengthen the Cardinal de la Va­lette's Army, as to ease and discharge your own Government from so great a number of Men that must needs incommode you extreamly.

As to your Complaint against M. de Nismes, I am oblig'd to acquaint you he has never said any thing to me of you, that you ought in the least to be offended at; and if he has mention'd any thing to the Council, as Representative, he has done it only by order from his Province, who, you know, have always had liberty by their Deputies to make known what they thought intrench'd upon their Priviledges. Where­fore I must needs desire you to will him no harm, but to live with him as with a Person I have no ordinary kind­ness for.

M. Noyers having writ to you so largely upon all Matters, there is nothing left more for me, but to desire you to send fre­quent Expresses of your Motions, and to assure yourself that [Page 170] I will endeavour to be as serviceable as you can expect from one who has always honour'd and esteem'd you, and who am, &c.

LETTER CXXXIV. To Mareschal Chatillon.


Monsieur de Saligny is return'd so well inform'd of the King's mind about those Matters he came to repre­sent from you to his Majesty, that, referring you altogether to him for farther Instructions, I shall content myself in these Lines, with only assuring you of the continuance of my Friendship and Affection, and that I should be glad of any opportunities to convince you how much I am, &c.

P. S. I desire you to remember, that the Affair you have in hand requires both Secrecy and Diligence.

LETTER CXXXV. To the Same.


YOu will be so particularly acquainted by the Dispatch M. Noyers sends you, with the King's Pleasure, that it would be altogether needless to write more: Therefore I shall only earnestly entreat you to employ so much diligence and care in that small concern his Majesty desires of you, that you may in some measure make amends for your Misfor­tunes hitherto. For my part, I wish you success with all my heart, not only for the reputation of his Majesty's Arms, but also your own; of which I desire the encrease, as being, &c.

P. S. Let Secrecy and Diligence be your Guides, and I intreat you to act suitable to the Desires and Good-will of your Friends.



THE King having sent back the Bishop of Auxerre to acquaint you with his desires, to have the Siege of Renty carryed on with all imaginable Vigour and Diligence; I have taken occasion for my part, to conjure you not to slip one Minuit: For although this Undertaking be not great, yet it is a means to begin to amend what is past; to which end, I shall always be assisting to my power. I entreat you therefore to be very diligent in this Affair, by the issue of which we may see what we have to do: In the mean time, be secure of my Affection and Friendship, and that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXXXVII. To the Mareschals de la Force and Chatillon.


THis Letter is intended only to give you account of a sig­nal Victory obtained by Monsieur Weymar over the two Armies of Goeux and Savelli; where he has bore away 24, as well Colours as Standards, 11 Pieces of Cannon, all the E­nemies Baggage, six thousand Sacks of Corn, & 40000 Weight of Powder that they were about to carry into Brisac. The Fight continued from one till six at Night, and 3000 Men were left dead upon the place, of which Monsieur Weymar lost only four or five hundred: Monsieur Weymar attach'd them first, after having sought 'em for two whole days. Tubal and Vernancourt only were carryed off Prisoners, by being too hot in their Pursuit after their flying Enemies. Monsieur Weymar has above 800 Prisoners.

At the same time we received News, that Monsieur de la Mothe Houdancourt, whom Monsieur de Longueville had sent to the Relief of Poligny that was besieg'd, had driven the Ene­mies from before that Place, with the Loss of 500 upon the Spot, and above 100 Prisoners.

To second this great Victory of Monsieur Weymar, it were to be wished, Gentlemen, That you would also do some great thing on this side. The King has commanded me to put you in mind of it in his Absence; and I am so well assured, that you will do your utmost endeavours, that I think no more necessary to be said. But I am nevertheless afraid, His Maje­sty will be a little displeas'd, that you did not leave Renty be­fore this day; for supposing you should follow the Orders sent you, Monsieur Hallier is design'd to Advance upon another Expedition. We have every day Advices, That the Enemies are punctually inform'd of every thing you do; therefore we earnestly desire you to communicate for the future neither your Thoughts, your Orders, nor your Intentions to any bo­dy. As also to believe, that I am, &c.

LETTER CXXXVIII. To both the Same.


I Take up my Pen to acquaint you with a remarkable Sea-Fight perform'd by Monsieur Burdeaux in the Port of Ga­tary in Spain, where he has had so compleat a Victory, that the Enemies have lost 1 [...] great Gallions, with 3 other Ships, which were all burnt together, with their Seamen, and 3000 Natural Spanyards that they were carrying to St. Sebastian, to compose an Army to obviate His Majesty's Designs there. I think it would be proper that you endeavour to make this good News known to the Enemy, which being joyn'd to their Loss of 19 Ships, at the taking of the Port of Passage, they may see, thanks be to God, that their Affairs are not in so prosperous a condition as they may imagine; and which the late Victory of Monsieur Weimar may evince to 'em in a greater measure. Furthermore, Gentlemen, the King having been inform'd, that the Enemy has taken a great Number of [Page 173] your Forage Horses, has commanded me to signifie to you, that you do by no means suffer any hereafter to go a Fo­raging without sufficient Convoy, for the remedying of such pernitious inconveniencies for the future, and which in a short time would utterly ruine your Cavalry. I conjure you also in my own particular, and desire you to believe me, &c.

LETTER CXXXIX. To both the Same.


THese three Words are only to desire you to cause a ge­neral Discharge of your Cannon to morrow Night, to learn the Enemies our Victory obtain'd by Monsieur Bordeaux in the same manner as they acquainted us of a trifling Advan­tage over the Hollanders by their Discharge at Cambray. I beg of you to intrench yourselves so securely, that they may not be able to force any of your Quarters, Assuring you that I am, &c.

P. S. Monsieur Noyers has sent you Money for the Works you have acquainted us you design to cause to be made at Crevecoeur.

LETTER CXL. To Mareschal Schomberg.


Monsieur de la Jaille having represented to me, that there is no foundation left for the Works of the Ci­tadel of Monpellier, and that there are some begun, that will never be able to stand, if they be not finished before Win­ter; I write you this Letter to acquaint you, that in my opinion, the King would not take it amiss, if you should con­vert, towards the finishing of these Works, the 12000 Livres [Page 174] were sent you last, as well to levy 10 Troops of Horse, as for Ammunition Bread for the Souldiers that were then un­der your Command, in case you should have been oblig'd for the Defence of the Province, to have assembled and caus'd 'em to march; reserving the rest of the said Fund to be em­ploy'd in the Spring in new Levies, there having been no oc­casion for any such hitherto.

I desire you to send me word what Horse you shall be likely to have the next year: Also to Answer my Letter co­piously, which I sent you concerning Rousillon, and to be­lieve that I am, &c.

LETTER CXLI. To the Same.


FOR fear you may not have received a Letter which I wrote you from St. Quentin, whereby I desired a parti­cular Map of your Frontiers, and the Country of Rousillon, with all the Principal Places and Passes exactly drawn, I write this to entreat you to get me such a Cast made, and to send it soon after with an ample Memoire of the Facilities and Dif­ficulties to be met with, by making War in those Parts; and all this, that in case His Majesty should turn his Designs on your side, we might be able to concert Measures before we undertake any Action.

I desire you also to send me a very particular Plat, well de­sign'd, of the Town and Castle of Perpignan; as also the means you judge requisit to take it, in case His Majesty should have any Thoughts of that Nature.

How many Men would be necessary for such an Under­taking.

If the Town were taken, what Circumvallation were re­quisit to become Masters of the Castle; and if that it would be easie to accomplish. Also what Parts of it were proper to be Attach'd.

The best means to subsist an Army: Whence we must ex­pect Provisions: Where most proper to make Magazines: How to bring Subsistance into the Camp, and to secure 'em, [Page 175] so that the Enemies might not cut 'em off, or molest their Convoys.

What Train of Artillery and Ammunition were necessary for such an Enterprize. If Horses and Mules are to be found in the Country, sufficient for that purpose.

What Troops one might draw out of your Garrison, in case of need, to relieve or strengthen the King's Army.

In short, you would abundantly oblige me, to send me your thoughts, not only upon besieging Perpignan, but also of any other Undertaking upon the Frontiers of Languedoc, about all which you may confer with Monsieur d' Argencour; and send me your speedy Result. In expectation of your Answer, I'll conclude my Letter, assuring you that I am, and will be al­ways, &c.

LETTER CXLII. To the Same.


THere having been some Broils lately between Monsieur Valleras a Marine Captain, and some Gentlemen his Neighbours, and for fear they might have ill effects, I thought fitting to desire you to set a Guard upon 'em; and in the mean time, to endeavour by your Authority, to 'em good Friends. I don't mention any Punishment, that one of your Guards de­serves, who instead of accomodating this Quarrel, has offer'd himself, and was employ'd to carry a Challenge to the said Sieur Valleras; I say nothing of this, because I am well as­sur'd, that if his Action has come to your knowledge, he has receiv'd his Deserts. I shall only remember you how very ne­cessary it is, that you should make known your Authority in such Cases. I give you my Sentiments hereupon the freer, because I would be thought to have no common share in what relates to your good, and that I am unquestionably, &c.

LETTER CXLIII. To Cardinal de la Valette.


I Shall Answer Two of your Letters at once, assuring you that such Care is taken of the Troops in Italy, that by the Grace of God, no necessary Subsistence shall be wanting: Monsieur d' Argençon has already given Orders at Lions for the 160000 Livres which you imagin'd would not be so soon re­mitted.

The necessary Subsistence for the Garrisons of Cazal and Pignerol, for the Months of January, February and March, is already dispatch'd, to the full satisfaction of both Monsieur Emery and Monsieur Argençon.

All requisit Orders are given for your Ammunitions of War, which you shall have speedily to your content.

The Troops which you desire, by a Letter to Monsieur Noyers, may not be disbanded, shall be continued.

Furthermore, they shall not be sent you next Spring till your own time, though all that have come hither from Italy, have advis'd us we could not send 'em too soon, the Win­ter being once over; notwithstanding we shall comply with your desires.

Monsieur Turenne has already receiv'd his Orders to join you in Italy: We shall take care to augment his Troops be­fore he goes, that he may be in condition to be more serviceable

I am going to Paris, where I shall take care to refund your Expences, and enable you to proceed.

I am very glad to hear you have strongly fortify'd se­veral Places; whatever be further necessary to support you in it, shall neither be complain'd of, or deny'd you.

I am also very glad you have caus'd the Melting at Ca­zal to continue.

As to the Dutchess, I believe I shall be well advis'd not to meddle any more in her Affairs, being oblig'd in regard to myself and her, by the Letter I sent her by the Sieur d' E­strade, to keep to that Resolution, providing she will be pleas'd to slight that Counsel, that meer natural instinct might inform her as to the business she has upon her hands. [Page 177] I pray God open her Eyes and give her a prospect of the dan­ger she is in.

The Prince will be to Morrow at Paris, where I expect, with impatience, to undeceive him in the Opinion he might have, that your's and M. de la Valette's Affairs are the same. I'll discourse him as I see convenient, and make him sensible, that your concerns and mine are inseparable, and that I would not do any thing for myself, that I would not undertake for you always, and as often as your interest should re­quire.

LETTER CXLIV. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Have seen your Letter, which is very easie to answer. There's a great deal of difference between Surprizing a Place, and Besieging it. If Aupaux were a Pass of great impor­tance, and from which we might expect great advantages, the best way were to besiege it; but, on the contrary, being on­ly a useless Castle, founded upon a Rock, which opens no en­trance into the Country, as perhaps it might be worth while to surprize it; so a Fortnight's Siege, would not be a little prejudicial, by reason it would not only alarm the Enemies, but spend a great deal of time, that might be otherwise bet­ter employ'd, as about those Designs we projected before you went from hence.

I am very glad to hear you assure me, that every thing relating to Provisions and Artillery, shall be ready by the Fif­teenth of April: So I am likewise, that you prepare your Men with great and vigorous Resolutions, and promise to see 'em executed. I conjure you this with a great deal of ear­nestness, and desire you to believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CXLV. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


I Can never often enough express my concern for the pre­sent Trouble you are in, as well on account of the ill Con­sequences may happen from it, as out of a pure sense of your Misfortunes; earnestly assuring you, that there is no­thing in the World can prevent my having a true and sincere Compunction.

The Negligence of those with whom the Dutchess had in­trusted her Town, is not only to be lamented, but likewise not be endur'd: I'll assure you, the late Action at Chivas has made me pity that unfortunate Princess more than it is in my power to express. But, nevertheless, at present, we must rather apply Remedies than reap up inconsolable Misfor­tunes.

All imaginable diligence has been us'd to expedite your March; we have sent backwards and forwards on all sides: But, as M. Hebron said, Men, not being Crows, it is impossible to make 'em fly. M. Emery is gone again to Lions to hasten every thing.

I don't know what M. Argençon meant by sending you word, that your Army was reduc'd to 18 Regiments: I am sure there has been no change since the first Project, which I here send you. We have had several times a mind to augment it, but it was altogether impossible.

When we added the Regiment design'd for Dauphine, un­der his Royal-Highness's Name, it was all over and above the Complement, without taking any out. In a word, I protest to you, before God, that there is not one thing that were practicable, but would be done for the Dutchess's sake, whose welfare is as dear to the King as she could any ways wish it.

For the better preservation of her Dominions, it is abso­lutely necessary for the future, that she resolve to winter a Body of Men in her Country sufficient for her defence; for otherwise the Enemies will be continually surprizing her be­fore it is possible for any Troops to come from France.

I won't tarry any longer upon this Discourse, which, how profitable soever for the future, is fruitless for the present; and which will but put you in mind, that the Dutchess might have taken such Measures as her Brothers should not have rea­son to promise themselves the doing all the mischief they can desire. You are so judicious that you'll lose no Opportunity to open her Eyes to her own good, when occasion requires. Wherefore, without saying more, I shall only assure you of the sincere and inviolable Friendship I shall always have for you, and that I will endeavour to make it appear by several circumstances, that M. de la Valette means more and more to crown his ill Conduct. I have communicated to Sieur Talon a new Accident upon this Subject, which happen'd through the Imprudence and Malice of a Lady. M. de Chavigny will write you more at large. Such Designs I hope in God will be of no effect. I am and will be always, &c.

LETTER CXLVI. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


I Do not at all doubt but your Highness is extreamly trou­bled at what pass'd lately in Piemont: But, with submis­sion, I do not think you have so great reason to be concern'd, because your Highness has so good a Brother, our King, who is resolv'd to employ all his Force to protect and assist you, and to prevent your Brethren from accomplishing their ill designs. M. de Chavigny, whom the King sends you on this account, can acquaint your Highness with the extraordinary Efforts are preparing in France for that purpose, as also with the Troops that are sending to Piemont for its defence, and how largely I have contributed towards these Resolutions. I humbly desire your Highness to put an entire confidence in him, as in a Person of the choicest merit; and to believe I would omit nothing, to my power, to assure your Highness how much I am, Madam, your Highness's most humble and most obedient Servant, Richelien.

LETTER CXLVII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


THese few Words are not to acquaint you with my Con­cern for the Misfortunes in Piemont, because I am as­sur'd you are throughly sensible of that already: But to in­form you, that, providing the Dutchess is willing to be as­sisted, there is nothing, that is in the King's power, but he will do, to oppose the unjust Oppression of the Spaniards and her own Subjects. All depends only upon a reasonable time to relieve her.

I send you M. Chavigny, in Quality of Embassadour Extraor­dinary to the Dutchess, to assure her of his Majesty's utmost Protection: As also, that M. Longueville is coming to her re­lief with a new Army. I suppose you have not omitted to provide carefully for Carmagnolle, and to advise her Highness to secure the principal Places of her Dominions.

Coni and Revel, together with Pignerol, are sufficient to preserve the Head of the Valleys. You know, moreover, of how great importance are Nice and Mommelian.

We will dispatch, to Morrow, a Courrier to Monsieur the Count d'Alez, that, according to your desires, he have 1000 Foot ready to put into Nice and Villa Franca, when ever the Dutchess shall command 'em, providing he have Authority left to supply the French Garrison in their room.

If the Inhabitants of Turin shew but the least dubious Af­fection, you must not think of disarming 'em.

We are making all imaginable expedition to send an Army into Piemont. In God's Name, Sir, take care of yourself; for I can assure you, if there were no other consideration, than your safety, I would do whatever was in my power to rid you honourably out of this Affair; always desiring your Friendship, and that you would admit me, &c.

LETTER CXLVIII. To Monsieur Emery.

Monsieur Emery,

I Have seen all your Dispatches, on account of the Affairs of Italy, since your arrival in Dauphine. I acknowledge your Care, Diligence, and Affection, cannot be greater for the King's Service; and, I'll assure you, it is not in his Majesty's Power to do more for Relief of the Dutchess, being resolv'd, over and above the Army of the Cardinal de la Valette, to send M. Longueville, for the greater Security of her Dominions, and to [...]protect her against the utmost Efforts of her Ene­mies.

I am surpriz'd at the Spaniards Resolutions to besiege Tu­rin, and of their having so great an Army, as you advise me; but, if they that have the Place entrusted to 'em do but their Duty, I hope they'll receive a Baffle. M. Longueville's Army goes hence Wednesday, and will be at Lions before the Gene­ral Rendezvouz.

You must acquaint the Dutchess with the great Succours are sending to her.

M. Longueville commands both Armies, whilst the Cardinal de la Valette is to be in the Conclave, but afterwards each has his several Post.

M. de la Mothe has Orders sent him, without expecting M. Longueville's Army, to march immediately with 4000 Foot and 1000 Horse, to secure the Pass of Escluse, and when Longueville is arriv'd, you are to attempt the Relief of the Dutchess with French-Bravery.

You must give out speedy Orders for Magazines in Savoy, for the subsistance of M. Longueville's Troops.

'Tis absolutely necessary to possess yourselves of Carmag­nolle, Villeneus and Cahours, and, if you can, of Revel and Coni; all which it is not believ'd the Dutchess will be apt to refuse, seeing that without 'em you can't secure the Country, but with great difficulty.

'Tis thought very requisite to store Cazal well with Money. But as to the 2000 Men, propos'd to be sent thither, 'tis [Page 182] thought more necessary to encrease the Army that is to re­lieve the Dutchess, and to seize upon Carmagnolle, Villeneuf, and Ast, and other places, that may make the Communication entire. For this purpose Carmagnolle must be well furnish'd with all sorts of Ammunitions, at the same time that you put Men into it.

As for Father Monot, the Dutchess must be very ill advis'd if she does not send him to France.

If the Dutchess have not order'd, by the Marquess de Ville, that the French be forthwith admitted into the above-nam'd places, you must speedily advise the Cardinal de la Valette, that her Dutchy will be lost without it, that she may timely repair her error, and put 'em into your hands, and which I have hopes she will be the more willing to consent to, in that the places are not much to be suspected, and that she will sooner chuse to entrust us with 'em, for their security, than to hazard their being taken by the Spaniards.

Monsieur de Chavigny, being upon the place, I am assur'd you will together omit nothing that may advance this impor­tant Affair.

The Sieur Noyers will answer Demands about Money, and the Sieur de la Barde your Desires concerning Letters.

LETTER CXLIX. An Answer to the Embassadour of Sa­voy's Memoir.

I Have seen the Embassadour's Memoir, which contains all that can or ought to be done, as well for relief of Turin, as for the safety of Piemont in general.

There remains only, that the Contents be put into speedy execution.

I have sent a Copy of it to Messieurs Chavigny and Emery, and have acquainted them, that the Count of St. Maurice is to send another Memoir to her Highness's Ministers, and to herself, if it can be thought to pass secure.

The principal Point is to provide betimes for the security of those Places that are pitch'd upon, fearing that the French [Page] may not be admitted till they can keep 'em no longer them­selves, and consequently then not be able to do 'em any Ser­vice; when, on the contrary, if they be diligently taken care of, as is judiciously observ'd in the Memoir I have seen, I verily believe we might easily relieve Turin, or at least se­cure Piemont, and take it again afterwards.

It remains therefore, that the Embassadour take care to in­fluence those that Treat for Her Highness at Pignerol, omit nothing to put the said Council in Execution, as his Maje­sty's Ministers will do the like.

LETTER CL. To Monsieur Chavigny.


WE have received a Memoir, drawn by the Count de Saint Maurice, which is very good. The Contents are chiefly to provide plentifully, and to lose no time.

I am assur'd you'll do for your part whatever is in your Power, and that the Dutchess's Ministers abroad will not be a­sleep at this Juncture.

Furthermore, I earnestly intreat you to seek all means, if the Circumvallation of Turin be not yet made, to furnish 'em with more Powder. Perhaps the Count de Guiche, with her Highness's Cavalry, and those he shall have from France, both which I know will amount to above 2000 Horse, may effect it by this Contrivance. This Valet de Chambre of the Dutchess's assures me, that he can guide 'em in unknown ways, which may mightily facilitate such an Attempt.

I protest to you, the Affairs in Piemont almost kill me.

Monsieur Longueville goes hence to morrow Post. Mon­sieur de la Motte is commanded to march with all the hast imaginable with 4000 Foot and 1500 Horse.

Monsieur Emery is provided of the Money he defired, par­ticularly upon his last Terms.

At the same time that the Troops design'd for Italy are marching, do you and Monsieur Emery presently go upon raising more Recruits that may be ready, the latest at the end of the Summer. Monsieur Emery is well acquainted how this has been used to have been done.

Pray take extraordinary Care of the Ambassador of Savoy's Memoir, who has also promis'd to send one to the Dutch­ess's Ministers at Pignerol. You must also be wary not to give 'em Suspicion, that we secure their Towns with any other End but their Dutchess's Service. I suppose they will easily be satisfy'd, that if we have 'em not, they must of necessity fall into the Hands of the Spaniards.

LETTER CLI. To the Same.


I Have writ you cursorily by Gordon your Commissary. There's nothing left to do, but to tell you, that I think it would be very proper to get the Nuncio out of Turin, and to encourage the Count Philippi, that he may have no occasion to encline the Dutchess to a dishonourable Treaty with her Brothers, which would certainly be both Hers and His Ru­ine. I conjure you to do whatever is in your Power, to get more Powder into the City. La Valleé says he can be a safe Guide.

LETTER CLII. To the Cardinal de la Valette.


THis little is only to assure you, That we do whatever is in our Power to second your Generosity, and relieve Her Highness, which I hope will not be long before it will be accomplished, as the Marquess of St. Chaumont will acquaint you further. His Majesty has already dispatched away Mon­sieur Longueville, who commands the Army in Italy, over and above yours, which is also forwarded with all imaginable Di­ligence. If I were capable of serving Her Highness in Person, [Page 185] I'll assure you I would quickly be with you to the purpose. I am, and will be, always, my Lord, your most Humble, and most Affectionate Servant.


LETTER CLIII. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Have received the Dispatch you sent me, to prevent the ill Offices might be done you by the Prince; and I can assure you, he has as yet made no Complaint against you. But to tell you the truth, having communicated your Letters to the King, his Majesty was of Opinion, that the Caution you made use of towards the Prince, sending him word you should not be ready to enter the Enemies Countrey till the 15th of June, might have been of very ill Consequence; for by these means you might have retarded the Performance of the whole Army, fool'd away this Campagne, and utterly ruin'd his Majesty's Af­fairs. I don't know who was the Author of this Counsel; but sure I am, it was very ill advis'd.

As to the Change of Rendezvouz which you desire, Mon­sieur Noyers has writ you what is fit to be granted. But altho' you had no Money at the beginning of your Campagne, yet that would not interupt the King's Service, it being unadvi­sable to pay Soldiers just at their coming out of their Winter-Quarters, when they are supposed to be full of Money. His Majesty does not intend to pay his Armies on this side before the first of July, altho' it is above twenty days, that under Monsieur Melleraye has been in the Enemies Country. Also the Prince is order'd not to pay his but after the same manner.

On God's Name, Sir, make no Difficulties of this kind. But be sure to remember, that the end of the Campagne the King will be oblig'd to distinguish between those that have done well, and those that have serv'd with small Zeal and Affection. I know very well you'll be of that Number, who have signa­liz'd both their Courage and Fidelity. So you may assure yourself, that I will do whatever is in my Power to improve your Services, and to convince you that I am, &c.

LETTER CLIV. To Mareschal Chatillon.


WIthout doubt you have heard of the Misfortune hap­ned to Monsieur Feuquieres, thro' the Cowardice of his Cavalry, and the rash Resolution of Picolomini, who at­tach'd him with not above 12000 Men Horse and Foot: But nevertheless, Monsieur Feuquieres gain'd a great deal of Ho­nour in his own Person. We have not lost above 3000 Men. The Enemies had almost all their Infantry cut off, and by the last Courrier we understand positively that they had 5000 kill'd upon the place.

The Duke of Lorraine, who was not in the Fight, has since joyn'd Picolomini's Horse with 3 or 4000 Foot of Luxemberg, wherewith they are march'd streight to Verdan.

The King desires that from Mezieres, where he supposes this Express will meet you, you would immediately march towards the Enemy, to prevent their taking any place by Sur­prize. I am well assured you will lose no time, diligence be­ing so necessary upon these occasions, and whence principal­ly depends the fafety of Towns, where they have been wrought into a Pannick Fear. You may encrease your Army with Swiss, as you march; and moreover, the scatter'd Troops of Monsieur Feuquieres may joyn you when you have an Op­portunity to send securely for 'em.

I hope you will be so happy as to repair the Honour we have lost, and that your Horse will so far scorn the baseness of those of Monsieur Feuquieres, that they may restore the Name of the French Cavalry to their former Grandeur. In God's Name make all possible hast, and provide your self of whatever shall be requisite in the place where you go. In the Interim, I desire you to believe that I am, &c.

P.S. Thanks be to God, the Siege of Hesdin goes on every day better and better. The Miners are working under the two Bastions we are going to Attack.

LETTER CLV. To the Same.


THe King having sent the Sieur Cornillon to Monsieur Pi­colomini, about what he will acquaint you with, I could not suffer him to depart without assuring you of the continu­ance of my Affection, and to tell you that I do not question but you will revenge the Loss at Thionville, when Occasion presents. I expect this from your Name, your Courage and Zeal for the King's Service, and you shall command in re­turn whatever you can desire, from one who is sincerely and unfeignedly, &c.

LETTER CLVI. To Monsieur Choisy.


THis Leter comes to tell you, That a French-man came lately from Flanders, on purpose to acquaint the King, that M.D.L.V. is gone under a Disguise to Brussels, where after having seen the Cardinal Infant, they had sent him into Luxemburg, and, as it is believ'd, to Thionville. I don't know, whether this News be true or not, but for some time we have been advis'd he design'd such a Journey. I would have you acquaint Monsieur Roquepine with it, and con­sult all together; that is, the Sieur Campelz, Monsieur Gran­çay, Yourself, and Monsieur Roquepine, what is fit to be done next, not only to secure Metz, but also to take away all man­ner of suspition. The King has been inform'd, that there are several old Sergeants and Corporals, well-wishers to M. D. L. V. in the Companies, whither he has lately sent Captains. If this be so, the Sieurs Roquepine and Campelz, in whom his [Page 188] Majesty puts an entire Confidence, must needs know it, and therefore it will be adviseable to pack 'em off to a convenient distance.

This is very certain, that M.D.L.V. has profer'd the King of Spain, to undertake Metz, and put the place speedily in­to his hands, but to know if he be gone to Brussels, as we are inform'd, is not a thing of the same likelihood. I hope you will assure Messieurs Roquepine and Campelz of my Affection; and by communicating to 'em my Letter, testifie the entire Confidence we repose in 'em. The Trust the King puts in your Prudence, inclines me to believe you will omit nothing that may be for his Majesty's Service; and furthermore, gives me occasion to assure you how much I am, &c.

LETTER CLVII. To Mareschal Chatillon.


THis Billet is to acquaint Monsieur the Mareschal Chatil­lon, that Picolomini lay the day before yesterday, the 29th of this Month, at Maubeuge, and that it is believ'd in­stead of going to Givay, he will march to Namure. It belongs to my said Sieur the Mareschal, to determine if he will make the two Intrenchments he advis'd me of, on the two sides of the Mountain, where he reckons to pitch his Field of Battle. To morrow shall be sent him 6 Companies of Swiss, who come from Mezieres, Charleville, and Maubeuge, together with the Regiment of Aubeterre, which has near 1000 Men. I have sent in quest of the Miners. The good Event consists in all imaginable Diligence wherein I am well assured, nothing will be omitted on the part of the Mareschal Chatillon, to whom I am, &c.



I Send Monsieur the Mareschal, the Miners, which he desir'd from Sedan, and I entreat him to keep 'em close to their Work.

To day he'll receive the Swiss, with the Regiment of Au­beterre. I conjure him to cause the two small Intrenchments which he writ me about, and which secure his Quarters, to be open'd to morrow morning.

I don't believe Picolomini will venture hither, but however we must be prepar'd as if he would. For this purpose I beg of Monsieur the Mareschal, to remember that he came upon Monsieur Feuquieres thro' Woods to Thionville; and that it seems to me, he may do the like here by the Quarters of Monsieur de Prastani, or behind yours. It might therefore be not amiss to change the Quarters of the Cavalry, and place 'em where they may more conveniently joyn yours: Upon the right Management of which, the good success of this Af­fair is altogether grounded. But above all, it seems necessa­ry to send Scouts frequently out, and so far that they may timely learn the intended March of our Enemies. I conjure my dear Mareschal to this, and to be assured that I am, &c.

LETTER CLIX. To the Same.


JUst now arriv'd a Gentleman from the Lord Steward, to bring His Majesty News of a Battle lately fought with the Enemies near Manquerque the 3d of this Month, where His Majesty's Arms have obtained a Noble Victory.

He reports that Monsieur Melleraye, with the Van-guard of his Army, met and fought the Enemies, commanded by the Marquess de los Fuentes so prosperously, that without having lost above 100 or 120 Men, he became Master of the Field, took 4 Pieces of Cannon, and near 300 Prisoners, amongst whom are many Spanish Officers; and all these, besides 1500 left dead upon the spot: And moreover, that if our Soldiers had not been too hot upon their Plunder, the rest of the Spa­nish Army might have partaken of the like Fate.

In this Fight we have had about 30 Officers killed and wounded, amongst which poor Montclair had his Left Arm shot off by his Shoulder. This Battel lasted from Nine in the Morning till Seven at Night, wherein Messieurs de Gassion and de la Ferté-Senneterre, who commanded the Van-guard, per­formed Wonders. All the Voluntiers also have signaliz'd themselves bravely upon this occasion.

LETTER CLX. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Have no other Answer to make you about your Com­plaints against the Prince, but that I verily believe you have no reason to fear. Nevertheless, as I am well assured you will omit nothing that is for the King's Service, so it will be but Prudence to give him all the Respect that is due to his Quality. The King loves him extreamly for his Loy­alty, and I honour him particularly for the same Reason. These Considerations, accompanied with those of his Birth, may encline you to bear him no further ill Will. I conjure you to it with all imaginable Earnestness, and desire you to believe that I will be always, &c.

LETTER CLXI. To the Same.


I Don't pretend to hasten you to the Relief of Salces, be­cause I know your Zeal for the King's Service, and the particular Interest you have in the preservation of that Place, will prove sufficient Motives to incline you not to lose a Mi­nute's time: But my Business, at present, only is, to remem­ber you how much it will be for the Reputation of his Maje­jesty's Arms, and the good of his Affairs in general. I hope you won't be less fortunate than you were at Leucatte, and that, if the Spaniards have but the courage to stay for the King's Army, you will make known to 'em how much you are able to do: I wish it with all my heart, and furthermore desire you to pay the Prince all that deference is due to his Quality and Charge, to the end that his Majesty's Affairs may proceed vigorously, and I have a fairer occasion to recom­mend your deserts, who am unfeignedly, &c.

P. S. I beg of you to pass by some rash Humours in the Prince, and which are only the Effects of his Natural Constitution and his Extraordinary Zeal for the King's Service. You know what I have always been to you, and what I still am. In God's Name, Do whatever you can to shame the Spaniards in their Ʋndertaking, and assure yourself I will never suffer your Actions to be obscur'd, but take all imaginable Care to set 'em in their due light.

LETTER CLXII. To Mareschal de Chatillon.


THese few Lines are to acquaint you, That the King would be glad, if, before you put your Army into Garison, you would demolish the small Castles about Metz, which are in your Instructions with Sancy. Nevertheless he refers it to your Judgment, assuring himself, that as you would not be wanting in what was for his Advantage, so you would not un­dertake what would be any ways prejudicial. I pray God as­sist you in your Endeavours; and I conjure you to believe that I am, &c.



I Think fitting to add nothing to what you are order'd by Monsieur Noyers, not doubting but you will do what­ever is in your power to comply with the King's Pleasure. I shall only acquaint you, I should be very glad you would ef­fect something before you put your Men into Garison; and this, as well for the King's Satisfaction, as to advance your own Interest in his Favour. You may be always assured of my constant Esteem, and that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXIV. To Mareschal Schomberg.


MOnsieur Tagenac returning to you, I thought fit to send you this Letter, to testifie a-new the Satisfaction I have in his Business, and of the Assurances he has given me on your part, of your Resolutions to relieve Salces, if pra­cticable. The Confidence I repose in your Courage, your Sincerity, and your Carefulness, makes me look upon this Design as good as finished, and to be almost assur'd, that God will bless the Justice of the King's Arms under your Conduct. I pray for this with all my Heart; and desire you, Sir, to be­lieve, that I will recommend your Services upon this occasi­on in such manner, that you shall have no reason to believe any body values and esteems you more, than he that is truly and sincerely, &c.

Instructions sent by the Lord Cardinal Ri­chelieu to Monsieur Chavigny, how to pro­ceed in acquainting the Bishops at Paris with the King's Declaration, forbidding them to confer with the Nuncio Scoti.


I Here send you the Order that Monsieur de la Barde and his Colleague are to shew to the Bishops now at Paris; and if there be any amongst 'em that desire a Copy, as I do not doubt some will for their Satisfaction, as others to commu­nicate to the said Nuncio, this is what I think proper to be made publick.

I should be very glad if you would shew it first to the Chan­cellor and the Messieurs Bullion and Bowthillien, to the end, [Page 194] that if they think any thing necessary to be added or alter'd, it may be done before it be communicated to the said Pre­lates.

You would oblige me also shew it to the Proctor-General, acquainting him, that I were willing he should see it before it were publick.

I suppose by this Order we shall sufficiently acquaint the World with what has pass'd at Rome and at Paris relating to the Nuncio, and give occasion for those that have a mind to know the Truth, to enquire further into the matter, and I hope, prevent such as are willing to conceive an ill Opinion of the King's Proceedings.

You must also Order the Captain of the Watch to be more Diligent than usual at the Nuncio's Door, arresting all such as shall come out thence at an unseasonable Hour; that is, after the Night once shut in.

If by chance they should meet with some that you know of, we should be glad to hear it the next Morning, after they had lodged all Night in the Watch-house.

If there be an Opportunity of taking any of these, it must not be perform'd near the Nuncio's Lodging, but in the turn­ing of Harp or James-Street, for fear it come to his Excellen­cy's Ears.

LETTER CLXV. To Cardinal Bagni, concerning the Af­fairs of Monsieur Scoti.


THE Friendship I have always had for you, has made me hitherto decline what I thought might trouble you; But at length give me leave to acquaint you with the unadvised and rash Behaviour of Monsieur Scoti, some Months ago per­petrated, and since condemned by all the World. Nay, at present his Proceedings are so very extravagant, that I shall forbear Particulars for the same Reason. I am willing to be­lieve, however, that this good Prelate has a great deal of Zeal; but, certainly, he is so unacquainted with France, and [Page 195] deviates so much from the good Instructions you have given him, that it will be rather prejudicial than advantageous to him in the end, if he does not moderate his Heat. I refer you for a further Account to the Relation I have order'd Mon­sieur Chavigny to send you.

Sir, I take no notice of what he may say in my Prejudice, because, on the one side, I am willing to forgive all upon God's Account; and on the other, I think my self suffici­ently known in the World, not to fear any Aspersion, that I would wrong, thro' a private Interest, the very meanest of Persons. I wish to God your Eminence may be capable of working upon this turbulent Spirit, that he may deserve a better Character than he has already with most People, and that you would be pleased to make use of all occasions to ex­perience the sincere Professions that I am, and will be al­ways, my Lord, &c.

LETTER CLXVI. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Send from Mance directly to your Quarters, to know what is to be farther done at Leucatte. It seems strange to me, that although there have been 80000 Livres remitted thither for the Works, yet there is nothing much advanced, although the Place be so very important both to the King and the Country, as the first Town that it is likely the Enemies will pitch upon. I promise my self however, that you will speedi­ly contribute for the future what is in your Power, that it may be forthwith out of Danger; which prevents my saying more at present, but that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXVII. To the Mareschals Chaunes and Cha­tillon.


MOnsieur Noyers having acquainted you by the Return of Sieur Cornillon with the King's Pleasure as to the Pro­positions you made him, my Business is only to inform you of his Majesty's great Satisfaction for your being left in so good Condition, and to assure you afresh of the continuance of my Friendship and Service; and that I would be glad at any time to give you all imaginable Demonstrations, by making his Majesty sensible of your great Worth and Courage. In the mean time be assured that I am, &c.

A BILLET. To both the Same.

THis Billet is to desire Messieurs, the Mareschals Chaunes and Chatillon, not to fail to march to Morrow, which is the Third, and that because I have just receiv'd News of M. Mellerave, that he will be to Morrow at Hanap, where he will expect the said Mareschals the same day.

The Enemies believe that Monsieur Melleraye is to besiege Avesnes, where they have lately augmented their Garison with 3000 Men. And he will do what he can to confirm 'em in that belief: But as that cannot continue long, it will be your Business, Gentlemen, to make haste that they may sur­prize 'em in the places you know of.

Monsieur Melleraye sends me word, that it will be necessary to take three Castles in the way, viz. Olhein, Contay, and Brouay. He believes they can't resist the whole Army long.

He thinks it necessary to demolish Brouay, and keep the other two to favour the Campagn.

I earnestly request Messieurs the Mareschals to redouble their endeavours, that the King's designs may succeed, and to believe that I will be always as serviceable to them as they could wish.

LETTER CLXIX. To both the Same.


THe knowledge you have more than me, That, if possible, it were good to have two Strings to one's Bow, encou­rages me to think you will not take it amiss, if I propose, that in your Journey to Lillers, if you could surprize St. Ve­nant, which is but two Leagues off, it would much facili­tate your besieging Ayre, providing your first design should happen to fail.

As I desire you to consider of this, so I would not have you undertake it by any means, if you think it improper.

Monsieur Paluau will acquaint you with Monsieur Melleraye's Sentiments hereupon. In the mean time be assured, that I am unfeignedly, &c.

A MEMOIR. To the Mareschals Chaunes and Cha­tillon.


THe Generals are desir'd to have their Convoys very strong, as well of Horse as Foot.

'Tis thought that eight days hence there may be ready at Dourlans 700000 Rations of Bread or Bisket, which are after the rate of 30000 Rations per day for 23 days.

To convey these to the Camp, 'tis suppos'd there will come 14000 Horse, which may serve for 350 Carts, which will bring 280000 Rations, after the rate of 800 Rations every Cart.

Also there must be two Turns made successively, and this over and above the Carts that are to be found in the Country, which must be also taken great care of.

Moreover, the Generals must cause so many Equipages in every Regiment to be laid down, that their Horses may be spar'd to carry Bread to the Camp, and this paying 'em for it.

Monsieur Cornillon informs us one thing of great impor­tance, which is, That the Peasants will scarce arrive time enough to make the Circumvallation. We shall not be want­ing in the mean time to hasten 'em, if the Generals do but acquaint us they insist upon their coming.

Nevertheless, they are desir'd to cause the Soldiers to work with great diligence, paying 'em well for it. This will be a good subsistance, till their Pay comes, which we design to dispatch from Paris in two days.

The Generals are also desir'd to set a Price on Corn that is brought to their Camp, and to make a Magazine of it, and get it ground by the Mills in their Quarters, and afterwards to have Bread made.

Monsieur de Saint Preuil advises us, that there are certain small Castles between Dourlans and Arras, which may be apt to disturb the Convoys. But Monsieur Melleraye has promis'd to take care to get 'em into our Hands.

Monsieur Noyers will be the 18th of June at Amiens, to ex­pedite Matters further, and the King the 20th at the same place.

LETTER CLXXI. To both the Same.


I Can never enough express my joy for the happy beginning of your Siege, and which I hope will have the like pro­sperous end. For this purpose I think it absolutely necessary [Page 199] that you push on the Circumvallation with all imaginable di­ligence, and prevent, by your vigilance and carefulness, the Enemies putting any new Succours into the place. By these means I don't question but you'll accomplish your undertaking. I wish it with a great deal of earnestness, as well for the King's Honour as your Reputation: To both which I am a hearty Well-wisher, being cordially, &c.

LETTER CLXXII. To both the Same.


THE King arriving here Yesterday, was extreamly plea­sed, when I acquainted him that you work on the Cir­cumvallation with a great deal of Diligence. His Majesty says likewise, that on the first 15 days chiefly depends the Success of such an Enterprize; whereupon he has commanded me to conjure you from him to redouble your Care, and to push on the Circumvallation with so great Vigour, that the Enemies may have no Hopes of relieving the Place but by Force.

We shall take care you want no Provisions, and over and above what we now send you, at the end of this Month you shall have Biscuit Bread and Meal sent you for the next. And for this purpose you must provide a place to secure it, whe­ther it be by raising a Magazin, or placing it in Monsieur Mel­leraye's Quarters, as we have writ more particularly to the Bi­shop of Auxerre.

The Pay is certainly by this time gone from Paris, where­with you may acquaint your Army; and that, by God's Assi­stance, you shall want for nothing that is in the Power of, &c.

LETTER CLXXIII. To the Mareschals Chaunes and Cha­tillon.


THese few Words are only to advise you, to order your Convoys for the future, so strong, that they may have no occasion to be afraid of the Enemy. 'Tis thereupon ab­solutely the good Fortune of your Siege depends; wherefore I am assur'd of your utmost Diligence. I desire you to be mindful of this Advice, since the Enemies have no other way to frustrate your Designs. I beg of you to make me easie in this Particular assoon as possible, and to be assur'd that I am, and will be always, &c.

A MEMOIR. To both the Same.


IF the Generals, instead of the before-mentioned Cavalry, will send 500 good Horse to Monsieur de Saint-Preuil, we will put the Regiment of Plessis-Praslin into Luchen, together with Molondin's Swiss Company of 120 Men. With these Monsieur de Saint-Preuil may depart from Dourlans to Guard the Convoy to Luchen, providing that at a certain time the Ge­nerals will send a greater Convoy to see 'em further to the Camp.

Monsieur Nantueil is at Ancre with 250 Horse, to obviate the Motions of the Garison of Bapaume. The same Day the Convoy goes from Dourlans, he shall march from Ancre, to lie upon the Road with 200 Horse, and to come to Leuchen in case they should meet with the Enemy.

These Proposals are sent to Monsieur Saint-Preuil for his Opinion, until the General shall send theirs.

LETTER CLXXV. To both the Same.


I Take my Pen to rejoyce for the good Condition the Sieur de Choupes has inform'd us he left your Works in; like­wise for the Zeal and Affection which I find you continue for the King's Service, and the good Effects we have reason to promise ourselves from your Siege.

I have just now learnt, that the 200 Spaniards, which Monsieur Ranzau surrounded, had submitted themselves; which I take to be a matter of no small Consequence. I think you would do well to send 'em the first Convoy to Dourlans, whence they may be brought to this City, where they shall be well guarded. In the mean time, we may be in­form'd of their Quality, and what Exchange is proper to be made.

The Army's Pay is come hither, which waits only the Grand Convoy to depart. I don't question but you'll give all requisite Orders for its Security.

The King promises himself, that you will open your Trenches as soon as possible, and that you will carry on your Attacks briskly.

I shall not fail to recommend your good Services to his Ma­jesty, as often as you shall give me occasion, assuring you that I am, &c.

P. S. I pray you to have particular care of the 200 Spanish Prisoners, and to send 'em safe hither. There is great likelyhood there may be some considerable Officers amongst them under Disguise.

A BILLET. To both the Same, and Monsieur Mel­leraye.


THis Billet comes to acquaint the Generals, that the King extreamly wonders, when he had made known to 'em several times, that the Grand Convoy was to be the last of June at Dourlans, which consists of 40 Days Provision, Bat­tering Cannon, and other sorts of Ammunition, together with the entire Pay of both Armies, that they should send to Dourlans but 1000 Horse and 600 Foot to guard 'em. I should think, if they had not some Divine Assurance of their being secure, they must needs have been extreamly unad­vised to hazard to considerable a Booty. For this Reason the King has stopt their going away till Tuesday, that there may be sent 1000 Horse, with 1500 Foot more, to Dourlans; as also, another Body to march before the said Convoy, till they are past the most dangerous Places.

This Affair is of so great Consequence both to the Siege of A [...]ras, and the rest of his Majesty's Designs, that there could not be too great Care taken about it.

One Day's Delay of the Convoy at Dourlans were sufficient to acquaint the Enemy, or at least to spoil some of the Pro­visions.

LETTER CLXXVII. To Mareschal Chatillon.


HAving understood that the Circumvallation of Arras was entirely perfected, I could not help expressing my Satisfaction about it; and the rather, to see French-men [Page 203] accomplish that which the Hollanders could not do in so short a time. I hope the Conclusion of your Siege will be as for­tunate as the beginning was prosperous; and which, that it may be, I'll assure you, neither my Prayers nor Endeavours shall be wanting; as also to seek all occasions to testifie how much I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXVIII. To the Mareschals Chaunes and Cha­tillon.


A Man must be blind that is not sensible, that if the Ene­mies had had a mind to attack the Circumvallation, they would not have done it before now; and that at pre­sent, if they have any such Design, they must needs be guilty of an unconceivable Extravagance, which is neither consi­stent with the Spaniards Humour, nor the present Condition of the Low Countries, which would be entirely ruin'd, if they should once lose a Field-battle.

This once granted, which is not only certain but evident, there's no body but must conclude their Designs could not be any other than to [...]ntercept the Convoys. Also over and above this general Reason, if they lay in wait at Beaufort, as was reported, it is plainly demonstrated.

Then the chief Business the Generals ought to have on their side, as we on ours, is to send a great Convoy, by which means the Siege of Arras may be continued without Interruption.

When it is ready to set out, the Generals ought to send a strong Body of Horse to meet 'em within a League and half of the Place whence they come, that they may have no Rea­son to apprehend any Danger in their Journey.

If the Enemies continue at Beaufort, the Generals will do well, if they can, to cut off some of their Convoys.

I also conjure once more the Generals to remember, that if they don't secure our Convoy, to which we can fit out but 1600 Horse, and 9000 Foot, in vain do they labour at the Siege of Arras, which must be taken, whatever rate it be at.

LETTER CLXXIX. To all three the Same.


WEdnesday or Thursday Night Mareschal Melleraye will come out of his Camp with 3500 Horse, and seem to go to Miraumont, but at the same time will march directly towards Vaux in the Road to Peronne.

At this Juncture we'll dispatch away our Troops of Corbie for Miraumont, and yet the whole Body shall go but to Ancre, while Parties only advance, to make 'em believe all will follow.

At the same time we'll dispatch a false Convoy from Dour­lans, which shall go as far as the Mountains. By these means the Enemy will have no regard but to Dourlans and Corbie, and give us leasure to dispatch in the Night from Pe­ronne a small Convoy of 200 Carriages, which Monsieur de Melleraye is to meet near Vaux.

LETTER CLXXX. To all three the Same.


WE have return'd Choupes, to have by him your last Resolution about the joining, and which shall be punctually perform'd, according to the Report he makes.

For fear he should be taken, you would do well to send a Duplicate of what he brings by two other different Di­spatches.

The Enemies are at Pas.

You must also take care to provide for the Security of the Pass from Corbie to Miraumont, as also from the Camp to the same place.

If the Troops of Leschelle are returned, being strengthned by Horse, we believe ours may go securely to Miraumont.

As to the Convoy which is to march the Day after the joining, it is the General's business to secure it by an oppo­site Campment to the Enemies, that they may not be able to cut off the Pass between Miraumont and Ancre.

We'll reserve 2000 Foot to guard the said Convoy, toge­ther with 400 Horse; but this would not suffice by any means, if we were not protected from the Enemies Army by the Opposition of yours.

In order to the joining of Mareschal Melleraye's Troops, the King thinks fit, that instead of going to encamp, he advance half way to meet the Mareschal Chatill [...]n; and that being join'd, they march immediately towards Buquoy, that the Enemies may not leave Pas, without being liable to be en­gaged by our Army in the Flank.

If the Enemies march off from Pas, the Generals must do the like, to obtain the same Advantage.

After they are encamp'd, they must send Advice to Corbie for the Convoy to march, which they must take care to se­cure by a considerable Party between Ancre and Miraumont.

Our Troops will carry Provisions for Six Days.

All shall be punctually perform'd that is desir'd, and with­out Delay.

Of Five Field Mareschals that are in the Army, three must be left with the Duke of Chaunes, of which Monsieur Guiche and Monsieur Gassion ought to be one.

LETTER CLXXXI. To all three the Same.


IF the Enemies are at Miraumont, as is reported, it will be impossible to join at Corbie, and very hazardous at Pe­ronne, because they won't be above two Leagues off from Fre­micourt.

In this case there is no other Remedy, but to make the best Shifts you can, and to lengthen out your Provisions, living upon Barley, Rye, or some other extraordinary way, so [Page 206] that you may make 'em last till the end of the Month.

We'll take care to send Corn to Hesdin and Doullens, that the Generals may send for it as often as the Enemies Motions will give 'em opportunity.

'Tis believ'd, that continuing the main Body of the Army at Corbie, the Enemies will be so jealous of the Pass of Mi­raumont, that they'll give the Generals an Opportunity to send 1500 Horses to Doullens for 50 Carriages, which shall be there ready for 'em; and that this Convoy may be secur'd, 3000 Horse are propos'd to be sent to meet 'em.

They may also send as many Carts as they please to Hes­din, where they shall be furnished with Corn and Flower.

The Generals must be sure to lose no Opportunity to send to Doullens and Hesdin for Provisions, because we cannot pos­sibly move from Corbie without the Enemies following us.



THis Billet is to acquaint the Generals with my Concern, for fear the Convoy they have lately receiv'd, may en­cline 'em to omit some Opportunities to fetch the rest of the Provisions; but I hereby conjure 'em to slip none, nor to delay to send for the rest of the Corn that waits for 'em.

Having been thus earnestly entreated, as they have been by frequent Dispatches, to send for these Provisions, I don't doubt but they have done it, and furnished them with suffi­cient Guard for their Security.

In the Name of God, Gentlemen, be obedient, as above advis'd. I conjure you to it heartily, and will endeavour to acknowledge your Diligence. But if you neglect it in the least, for my part you may relieve yourselves.

LETTER CLXXXIII. To the Mareschals Chaunes and Cha­tillon.


I Earnestly entreat Messieurs the Mareschals to consider, that the taking of Arras does not depend chiefly upon frequent Provisions of Necessaries, but rather in advancing the Attacks so vigorously, that the Enemies, seeing them­selves pressed, may be obliged to surrender before they come to an Extremity.

I desire 'em to be sensible of the Importance of this Billet, and to give me a speedy Account to Satisfaction.

LETTER CLXXXIV. To both the Same.


THE King has been extreamly displeased to hear, by a Letter you sent to Monsieur Hallier, that your Mine will not be ready to do any Execution before the 15th of this Month. He has commanded me hereupon to conjure you from him, to make use of all extraordinary Efforts to spring it before that time; which I do with so much the more Zeal, as, over and above his Majesty's Service, I have for your Reputation. If Money can be any forwardness, I'll assure you it shall not be with held, but plentifully remitted to the Power of, &c.

LETTER CLXXXV. To the Mareschal Chatillon.


I Cannot express to you the King's Joy for your taking Ar­ras, and my particular Satisfaction for your behaving your self there so bravely. I must own I have always expected this good Success, as well from the Blessing of God, as the Care and Courage of those that serv'd in it. I take a parti­cular Pleasure in assuring you, that none esteems you so much as I, and from whom you may receive more sincere Effects of true Friendship, as being always, &c.

LETTER CLXXXVI. To the Mareschals Chaunes, Cha­tillon, and Melleraye.


THese few Words are only to acquaint you, That Mon­sieur Noyers will lie to morrow Night at Dourlans, which he will leave Friday Morning at Four, being the 17th, with the Convoy sent him by Monsieur Hallier, which is to conduct him to the Head of Canche, where I desire you not to fail to send 1000 Horse to see him to the Camp.

He brings you the Remainder of the Pay, and what else is necessary for the Works. You are too well acquainted with the Esteem and Value I have for him, not to fail to send such Safeguard as I have desir'd. Omit it by no means, but believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXXVII. To Mareschal Chatillon.


YOU will be inform'd by Monsieur Noyers, that we are unmindful of nothing that may render Arras able to resist a Siege, if the Enemies were inclin'd to attempt it. It shall in a short time be provided of all kinds of Provisions. Over and above Corn, we will store it with Peas, Beans, Rice, Butter, Cheese, Salt-fish, Bacon, Oil and Candles. We will not also forget Drugs, Medicines, and old Linnen.

As to the Ammunitions of War, we will leave 200000 Weight of Powder, 8 great Cannon, and 12 small, over and above those that were before in the Town.

For your part, it is your Business to hasten the Works of the Town, and to do whatever is in your Power to maintain your Army in a good Condition.

Monsieur Noyers has writ largely about what relates to the Works to the Sieur Arnold, who is upon the Place.

As to the Army, the King has commanded me to acquaint you, that for the Preservation of it, you would do well to license no Officer to be absent, if he be not sick or wound­ed. I conjure you to this Practise, as well for the King's Ad­vantage, as your own particular Interest, that you may not incur the Character of being too Indulgent where a stricter Discipline is requir'd.

His Majesty thinks proper that you demolish all the Lodg­ments through the whole Extent of the Circumvallation, and which we made use of ourselves during the Siege, that they may be of no use to the Enemy; but if that they should think fit to besiege it in the latter Season, the bare Incom­modity of bad Weather, might be alone sufficient to ruine their Army. I beseech you to have a particular Regard to what you are above desir'd, and to believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXXVIII. To the Mareschal Chatillon.


THE Spaniards refusing to perfect the Treaty for Ex­change of Prisoners, I write you this Letter to desire you to cause a strict Search to be made throughout the whole Army for the Prisoners that are in it, and to send 'em safely to this City, where they shall be kept according to the King's Command. I am assur'd you'll make no Diffi­culty of this; wherefore I shall conclude with fresh Prote­testations, that I am, and will be always, &c.

P. S. You may satisfie all such as shall have these Prisoners, that I will be responsable for their Ransom, and will a­ctually pay 'em ass [...]on as they shall come out of Prison. The Count de Fuensaldagne had a Meeting promis'd to treat of Exchanges with the Count de Guiche; but before they met, the former sent a Trumpet to acquaint the latter, that the Cardinal Infant had revoked his Commission, in case he would not give his Word first to exchange Jean de Wert with the Marquess de Gesvres. To which he was answered, That Jean de Wert was already ex­changed with Monsieur Horn, which was true; but ne­vertheless the Negotiation broke off.

LETTER CLXXXIX. To Mareschal Schomberg.


MY Business is not to answer the Commendations you load me with on account of the taking Arras, because it is to be ascribed only to the Blessing of God on our Arms, [Page 211] the Justice of our Cause, and the Prudence and Courage of his Majesty. But I will content myself to tell you, that I do not doubt but you are sincere in your Joy upon this Ac­count, being always assur'd of your Steadfastness and Loy­alty for the King's Service. To recompence which to my Power, will always be the Endeavours of, &c.

LETTER CXC. To Mareschal Chatillon.


I Send you 100, or 120 Deserters, which have been stopt in this Town; and amongst which there are a great many Officers. I desire you would try 'em by a Council of War as soon as possible. Over and above that his Majesty's Interest requires, he has expresly commanded me to acquaint you with his Pleasure on this Account. I desire you to remem­ber, that the Officers hitherto have escaped unpunished; wherefore it would be well to let these serve for Examples. The Belief that I have, that you will approve your Obedience to his Majesty's Commands, concludes me, &c.

LETTER CXCI. To the Same.


I Have been surpriz'd to hear, that you have not yet re­trench'd your Bread, but distributed every Day above 30000 Rations; which occasions me to represent to you, that if you go on after that rate, you will introduce great Disor­ders into his Majesty's Army, and reduce the War to unsur­mountable Difficulties. I am certain you will be ready to confess, that there is no Reason to pretend to have but 15000 Men effectively in your Army, and yet to distribute above [Page 212] 30000 Rations of Bread per Day. I desire you to remedy this Disorder, that I may give his Majesty an Account; and moreover, take care to subsist your Army. In regard of your Reputation, I don't question but you'll be mindful of this Advice, and how much I am, &c.

LETTER CXCII. To the Same.


THE daily Complaints are made us, as well by the Wag­goners that go to and from Arras and your Army, as by the Sutlers that come from thence, of the ill Conduct of the Convoy, chiefly at the return of the Waggons, whereby they affirm, That the Germans, since the beginning of the Siege, have taken above 30000 Crowns, or Value, which obliges me to write you this Letter, to desire you to remedy this Disorder, and by your Authority to prevent the like for the future. I am assur'd you are so very sensible of the ill Consequence of this Affair, that I think it needless to say more. Nevertheless I cannot help telling you, that if you do not take more care of the Waggons, Sutlers and Traders for the future, which come and go to and from the Camp, it will be impossible to subsist the Troops, and defend Arras, as the King has commanded. I conjure you once more to put an end to these Inconveniences, and to believe that I am and will be, &c.

LETTER CXCIII. To Mareschal Chatillon.


I Don't question but you'll take all the Care imaginable of the Discipline of the Army. I am very glad to hear you have regulated the Bread, and that you will punish the De­serters [Page 213] hereafter to your Power, and endeavour to prevent the like Disasters. I have seen what you have writ me from divers places, whereby you signifie you are able to subsist the Army till the end of this Month. Upon which I have no­thing to say, only that you knowing the King's Pleasure not to have his Army come into France before the Conclusion of the Month, you would do prudently to keep 'em where they are, or towards St. Pol on this side, or towards the Quarters of Theronenne on the other, till the said time be ex­pired. As to the Post of Marquion and Inchy, besides many other Reasons, the Difficulty of getting Provisions, by reason of Bapaume and Cambray, were alone sufficient to lay aside that Design. I therefore beseech you, Sir, to subsist the Army where they are, and where-ever else you shall judge most commodious, till the end of this Month; and to be­lieve that there is no body sets greater store by your Friend­ship, nor desires to give more frequent Proofs of his own, than, &c.

LETTER CXCIV. To the Same.


COming to Understand by your Letter to Monsieur Noyers, that you intend to march from where you are, Friday next, I write you this, to reinforce what I have formerly ad­vised you on this account, that it is very requisite for the King's Service, that you think of some means to subsist the Troops in this, or some neighbouring Place, till the end of this Month, and this for several Reasons that I cannot ac­quaint you with at present. I pray you therefore, for my sake, to endeavour it to your Power, and to assure yourself I will recommend this, as also all other your past Services, to his Majesty's Consideration, that you may be deny'd no­thing from him, as by me who am, &c.

LETTER CXCV. To the Same.


IT would be to no purpose to have taken Arras, if we don't endeavour to preserve it; and which may easily be done, providing it be well stor'd with every thing. Upon this ac­count 'tis necessary for the Army to continue where it is, or thereabouts, till the end of this Month, which is the shortest time can be propos'd to provide the Town of Provisions as it ought to be.

These Provisions, as it is contriv'd, cannot possibly come by any other way than Dourlans, seeing some of the Corn comes from Abbeville and Xaintonge by Sea; which is the Reason, that without great Incommodities, and wasting the Scason, they cannot be otherwise had. But as the Armies lie, this way will be the most convenient.

Also, providing the Armies were at Marquion, the Convoys could not come by Dourlans, because of the Promise to the Merchants; therefore there would be much greater Diffi­culty for the Carriages to come so near Bapaume than there is at present. And tho' they could be secur'd from time to time by sufficient Convoys, yet the Sutlers coming to and fro, being very necessary for the Armies better Subsistence, would be absolutely interrupted.

These Reasons conclude, That tho' there be some small Inconveniences to be suffer [...]d, even where the Army of Mon­sieur Chatillon is at present; yet it is much better than to tempt unavoidable Hazards in going by Marquion. Where­upon Mare [...]chal Chatillon is desir'd to make use of such Pru­dence, Industry, and Authority, as Matters may proceed more conformable to good Conduct, and the earnest Wishes of his most Affectionate Servant, &c.

LETTER CXCVI. To the Same.


I Have received, with a great deal of Satisfaction, the News that Monsieur Mont-bas brought me on your Account. I hope it will always be to good Effect, and that God will be pleased to continue the King's Success under your Command. I wish it with a great deal of Sincerity, and intreat you to be­lieve that I will always endeavour to make your Merits suffi­ciently known.

I say nothing of your continuing in the Quarters, where you are, or thereabouts, because I writ largely of it yesterday; and that Monsieur Noyers has writ you of it at present. I shall conjure you only to consider well of it, and to be secure of the Continuance of my Friendship and Service, and that I am assuredly, &c.

LETTER CXCVII. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Have seen your Letter, importing, That the Spaniards had a Design to besiege Narbonne, now they had agreed with the Catalonians. Whereupon I shall only say, that such Advice ought not to be altogether rejected; tho, for my part, I cannot believe they will undertake such an Enter­prize so late in the Year, and in a Country where there is neither Forage nor Wood to be had. Nevertheless 'tis good to be on our Guard, that we may not be surprized. There can be nothing more done for the Town's Security, than what you acquaint me has been already, if it were to be attacked; and I assure myself, you will not be less careful, and well-affe­cted, [Page 216] to prepare and assemble your Forces to drive out the Enemies, if they should enter your Province. Nothing shall be wanting from hence to assist you, as Monsieur Noyers has writ you more at large; to whom I refer you for further In­structions, assuring you that I am affectionately yours, &c.

LETTER CXCVIII. To Mareschal de Chatillon.


YOU will know by Monsieur Heudicourt, what I think farther requisite to be done for the rest of your Cam­pagne. I earnestly desire you to recruit your Horse well, that being put into Garison, they may be ready upon all oc­casions to resist the Enemy, if they should be Fools enough to molest us at Arras. I wish with all my Heart you may conclude your Campagne by beating up some of their Quar­ters, if they shall give you an Opportunity to do it with good Success. As I honour you extreamly, I should be overjoy'd of having a fresh occasion of recommending your Deserts, who am cordially, &c.

LETTER CXCIX. To Mareschal Schomberg.


I Have often discoursed Monsieur Alby about matters rela­ting to you. His Letters, I hope, will sufficiently acquaint you with the Continuance of my Affection and Friendship. All that I could desire for your greater Advantage is more Briskness.

The Prince is return'd towards your Government, but which I hope will cause you no Uneasiness; assuring you, there is nothing in the Power of any Man that can prejudice [Page 217] you, or hinder your Friends serving you to their Power. He has assur'd me, he has no ill Designs towards you; there­ [...] have [...] fresh occasions to believe the contrary, I desire you to think him your Friend.

Monsieur Noyers has writ you amply his Majesty's Mind as to the present Affairs. I conjure you to be hearty and care­ful, and to be assur'd that I am, and will be always, &c.

LETTER CC. To Monsieur Chatillon.


THE great Desire I have to see the Canal of Loire in the Seine finish'd as soon as possible, obliges me to conjure you anew, as I have done often before, to further the Work to your Power, according to the Letters Pattents sent you. The Offer the Undertakers make you, to indemnifie you, seems to me so reasonable, that I don't doubt but you will be satis­fy'd with it, and therefore will not fail to encourage the said Undertakers speedily about it, that it may be finished in October, as they have promised me, if they be not interrupted. Doing this, you will oblige me in particular to testifie, upon all occasions, how much I am, &c.

LETTER CCI. To Mareschal Schomberg.


IT having come to the King's Ears, that you have not be­hav'd yourself to Monsieur Epinan as you ought; I thought fitting, as your Friend, to acquaint you with it, and to give you my Opinion, that he being employ'd on so important an Account, you ought not to have entertain'd him with such Coldness and Indifference; but on the contrary, to have as­sisted [Page 218] him to your Power, that his Majesty's Business might be the likelier to succeed. His Majesty promises himself this from your Affection and your Zeal [...] on account of your own Interest; assuring you, I shall al­ways endeavour to be serviceable; and acquainting you, I have no greater Pleasure in the World, than to hear my Friends live in Amity together. I believe you will do what is to be desired on your part, as I earnestly conjure you; as also to believe, that I am truly, &c.

LETTER CCII. To the Same.


THE King having granted the Clergy a general Convo­cation, the better to facilitate their assisting his Ma­jesty with the Supplies desired, I write you this Letter, to desire you to employ your Interest, jointly with the Prince, that the Bishop of Nismes may be chosen for the Province of Narbonne, and de Pamiers the Nephew, or de Lombez, for Toulouze. Perhaps they may object, that some of these were of the last Assembly. But notwithstanding, those who mean best, think 'em the fittest to serve both Church and State. Upon this occasion I am to inform you, that the Regulations for deputing Bishops do not require observing either Place or Order. I also desire you to take care, that the Persons chosen for these Provinces of the second Order, may be affa­ble, and easie to manage. But you must be sure to conceal from all of 'em what I have writ to you hereupon. Only you may let 'em know that I would be glad to have his Ma­jesty satisfy'd herein. In all which I desire you to be assi­sting to your Power, and to be secure. I will secretly ac­quaint his Majesty with your great Zeal for his Service.

LETTER CCIII. To the Same.
From the Sieur Bodin's Apartment.


YOu'll find by Monsieur Noyers's Dispatch, what the King's Service requires to be done for the Assistance of the Catalonians. I conjure you therefore, by the Affection I know you have for the Success of his Majesty's Affairs, to omit nothing possible to effect it; and to manage matters so, as Monsieur Motte may speedily enter their Country with the Troops design'd for their Relief, whilst you prepare the rest of the Forces to go and attack Collioure by Land, as you are more amply advised by Monsieur Noyers.

I need not inform you how advantageous this will be, be­cause you may know it as well as I; but I shall only tell you, how much it imports his Majesty's Reputation, to have it car­ryed on with all the Vigilance and Care imaginable. I am the better assur'd of your Diligence, in that you know how obli­ging it will be to me, and extreamly serviceable to his Ma­jesty, whom I shall always influence with your Deserts, as I am sincerely, &c.

P. S. I have just now order'd away Monsieur Bazanzon to Monsieur Bourdeaux, to press him to put to Sea as soon as possible, with the Vessels and Gallies under his Com­mand, to go and relieve the Catalonians, and to make themselves Masters of Cap de Quieres, and from thence to sail instantly to Collioure, to assist you by Sea in taking that Place.

LETTER CCIV. To the Same


THE Confidence I put in Monsieur Bezanzon prevents my saying any thing more, than that I desire you to give entire Credit to him, that you may make haste to enter Rousillon, to attack Collioure by Land, as has been order'd you. The Affair is of so great Importance, both to the King's Ser­vice and your Reputation; and so very easie, if well under­taken, as you have confessed, that I not doubt but you will accomplish what his Majesty has commanded. I conjure you to lose no time about it, but to believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CCV. To the Chancellour.


THE Interest of the State having been always what I have only had before my Eyes, I think at present that the Publick ought to be altogether satisfy'd by the knowledge of Monsieur Vendosme's Design against me, if I request his Maje­sty to pardon the said Monsieur Vendosme, and to approve of the Resolution I have taken to think no more of the Ill pro­jected against me: The King's Clemency upon this account not being granted, but upon my most humble Supplication, will, I hope, prevent their believing any likelyhood of such Undertaking for the future, his Majesty's Mercy being the chief Means to stop it. I beg of you, that you would get his Pardon pass'd, and believe that I am, Sir, your most affecti­onate Friend and humble Servant, &c.

LETTER CCVI. To Mareschal Chatillon.


HAving acquainted the King with your further Desires to have the Regiment of Piemont sent you, his Majesty has been pleased to do me the Honour, to let me know he is wil­ling it shall be so: And now, you having all that you can ask, to put your Designs in Execution, I hope you will not be backward in your Proceedings, but that you may speedily accomplish your Intentions, is the hearty Desire of, &c.

LETTER CCVII. To the Same.


THE King sends you Monsieur Fabert to acquaint you anew, that he approves your Design propos'd to him upon Sedan, but that he would have you first take Bouillon, as a place that may be capable of giving you a great deal of Di­version. We are inform'd the Enemies intend to fortifie Torcy, the bare Prospect of which is so great a Dishonour to the King's Arms, that I do not doubt but you'll speedily pre­vent 'em putting their Design in Execution. Remember, Sir, it very much concerns your Reputation, to let your Sol­diers lie idle, when they have so fair an Opportunity to in­terrupt so disadvantageous a Design, which, I am confident, they can never be able to maintain. The particular Kind­ness I have for you, over and above my Zeal for the King's Interest, causes me to conjure you to lose not one Minute, whereby you may advance your Name to that degree, the Ho­nour of your Ancestors requires. I am, &c.



I Am extreamly concern'd for the Misfortune besel you. God has been pleas'd to chastise the Count, and to give us a slight Scourge. We have all deserv'd it for our peculiar Faults; and you particularly, for want of Resolution to do that before, which you know you were oblig'd to both by your Duty and Conscience. I desire you to consider seriously of it, and to believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CCIX. To the Countess of Soissons.


I Can never enough express my Grief for your not having Command enough of your Son. If he had hearkned to your Advice, I am satisfy'd you would never have had the Affliction, which his Fault and his Death together must needs occasion you. I beseech God, from the bottom of my Heart, that he would be pleased to comfort you, assuring you that I am, &c.

A MEMOIR. To the Mareschals Chatillon and de Brezé.

THE Generals will have to Day or to Morrow the 800 Swiss Guards, in three Days more 700 Horse, and in five or six Days after, the Regiment of Monsieur Aumont.

The Cannon arriv'd yesterday at Retel.

After to Morrow they will have Muskets and Pikes for the unarmed Men, and three Days after, Cloaths and Shooes.

I entreat 'em to take particular Care to recruit both Horse and Foot that were defeated, and to speak to all their Com­manders, and to animate every Soldier in particular to seek Revenge.

Monsieur Gremonville brings Money for the Soldiers that were broke, till they can be re-admitted into the Body of the Army. And till their Pay can be remitted, he has a Fund of 12000 or 15000 Crowns, to lend the Officers that have occasion.

I conjure the Generals to send out frequently such Parties that may be capable of informing 'em of their Enemies Mo­tions.

I desire 'em also to lose no time in raising those Works, that they shall judge necessary at Retel and Chateau-Portien; to the end, that if the Enemies March should oblige 'em to quit this Post to follow 'em, they may leave the said Places secur'd by such Garisons as they shall think requisite.

LETTER CCX. To the Mareschal Shomberg.


I Can never enough thank you for your Remembrance of me, as also for the Affection you express for me in your Letter, of which I have never in the least doubted.

When the Siege of Perpignan is concluded, you would oblige me to come hither assoon as possible. Cardinal Maza­rine shall meet you before you arrive at Monpellier, to advise you what is thought fit to be done in pursuance of the Over­ture made by the Bearer. In the mean time, I Conjure you to believe I am, and will be always, &c.

This, and the other Letters which follow, of Cardinal Richelieu's, writ by Monsieur Chere, or Monsieur Char­pentier his Secretaries, were sent without Signing, His Eminence being lame of his right Arm.

LETTER CCXI. To the Same.


PUblick Considerations being always to be preferr'd to Pri­vate, I believe you will think it requisite, assoon as you have receiv'd this Letter, to make a Progress about your Go­vernment, and the Frontiers of Guyenne, to gather such Re­cruits, both Horse and Foot, as you propos'd yourself. You will also be so near Perpignan, that you may presently be there upon any occasion requiring you. The King's Interest Obli­ges me farther to Conjure you not to omit putting your first Thoughts in speedy Execution, and I shall endeavour always to make known your Worth and good Service. In the mean [Page 225] time believe me, I desire you, Sir, your most Affectionate Ser­vant, &c.

LETTER CCXII. To the Same.


I Have receiv'd the Letter you were pleas'd to write me, together with the Memoir deliver'd me by this Gentleman the Bearer, whereby I understand the present Condition of your Siege of Perpignan, the Success whereof we must ex­pect with patience; but I hope, with God's Assistance, it may be such as we have had hitherto reason to believe. In the mean time, I give you a thousand thanks for your kind invita­tions to see me before I left this Country, and shall always be mindful of a Recompence to my power, who am your most Affectionate Friend and Servant, &c.

LETTER CCXIII. To the Mareschals Schomberg and Melleraye.


THese few words are only to tell you, that since Mareschal de la Motte is willing you retain still the 2000 Foot which were design'd for him, I have nothing more to say, but that I approve of the Agreement made between ye. As also of your good Conduct, from whence I expect speedily to hear of the taking Perpignan, and it may be, of your routing the Enemy. In the mean while I desire you to believe me, Gen­tlemen, Your most Affectionate Servant, &c.

LETTER CCXIV. To both the Same.


I Cannot incline to believe that the King can receive any great Advantage by the Militia, altho' you propose 'em to enter Catalognia by force: And in my Opinion, you would but deceive yourself by trusting to 'em, who will not care to march any farther when you shall talk of raising Troops, for fear they be trapan'd as they were once before.

Therefore in my Opinion, Mareschal Schomberg, Monsieur Alby, and Monsieur Nismes, would do better to chuse out of them between 1200 and 1500, who would go freely to serve in Catalognia, providing they might be promis'd to return about the end of October, and which ought to be faithfully perform'd.

Over and above these Troops, Tavannes Regiment, and the 300 men of Monsieur Villeroy, must be sent to Monsieur Motte.

You may also spare him the Regiments of Effiat, Cauvisson, and Montausier.

As to the Cavalry, I believe you may easily send him the nine Troops of Guards which continues with you till the end of October. Also Boisack's Regiment, who may serve himself in the quality of a Field-Mareschal. The Regiment of Lerans may also be dispens'd with.

As for Rousillon, I am of Opinion you ought to leave there the Horse-regiments of Anguien and Ballon, and that you di­spose of the rest of the Foot as you judge convenient, either to Rousillon, or the Frontiers of Languedoc; for if you should leave Rousillon altogether disfurnished of Men, you might soon repent it; for the Enemy might easily send by Sea to Roses 5 or 600 Horse, which might do a great deal of mischief in a short time.

The King's Will is, That you Blockade Salces up so closely, that it shall be impossible to relieve it. Which makes me think it not too much to leave two Regiments of Horse in Rousillon, and two or three of Foot for this purpose; as also to secure Lampourdan.

I have no Orders from the King, to allow you to leave Rou­sillon, till you have first laid Provisions into Perpignan to suffice 3000 Men for a Year. Two or three days ago I have dispatch'd away 100000 Livres we have borrowed for that purpose. In a word, be assur'd, Money shall never be wanting.

I say nothing to you of the Garrison of Perpignan, because the King has ordered thither the Swiss and Champagne, and you would do well to add a Regiment more. In the mean time, be secure of my Friendship, and that I am assuredly, &c.

A PROMISE. From Cardinal Richelieu to the Duke of Bouillon.

MY Lord Cardinal Richelieu not being in a condition to Sign a Promise, for Assurance of the Liberty of the Duke of Bouillon, pursuant to a Power the King has granted him, has desired me to do it for him, and to sign it for his Excellency, As follows:

I Promise to the said Sieur the Duke of Bouillon, That as soon as the Town, Castle, and Cittadel of Sedan, shall be de­livered into his Majesty's Hands, all imaginable care shall be taken to conduct the said Duke out of his House of Pierre-en­cize, to go to Roussy, Turenne, or others of his Houses as he pleases, &c.

LETTER CCXV. To Mareschal Schomberg.


YOu'll know particularly by Monsieur Besay, how well satis­fied His Majesty is with the Capitulation of Solces. He will also acquaint you how glad I am, as well for that, as your good Success at Perpignan.

All that you have now to do, in my Opinion, is, to esta­blish so good Orders in Rousillon, that the Country may reco­ver itself, and the Troops there be refresh'd.

If Mareschal de la Motte have any farther need of Assistance of Horse or Foot, and shall require 'em of you, the King would have you send him the Regiment of Anguien, and Contey, putting the Italians into Perpignan, in the room of those of Anguien, as also the Regiment of Horse of the same: but this only in case of need, or as the King's Service shall require. The said Monsieur de la Motte not lying far off, you may hear frequently from him, and Act pursuant to his Motions. So trusting altogether to your Zeal and Conduct, I conclude my self, Sir, your most Affectionate Servant, &c.

A Report made to the King at Grenoble by Cardinal Richelieu, in presence of the Ma­reschals of France; and afterwards at Ly­ons, to the Queen-Mother, in presence of the Lord-Keeper Marillac, upon account of the Negotiation of the Peace in Italy.

THere are five principal Difficulties found in the Negoti­ation of a Peace in Italy:

The First, Regards the Emperour's restoring the Duke of Mantua to his Dominions, and his security of enjoying 'em for the future.

The Second, Concerning the Liberty that every Soveraign Prince has, to put whatever Garrisons he pleases into his Towns.

The Third, About the Right the Duke of Savoy pretends to Montferrat, and the Duke of Guastallo to Mantua.

The Fourth, Upon restoring several Places belonging to the Garrisons, with-held by the Emperour; as also what His Ma­jesty enjoys in the Territories of his Higness of Savoy.

The Fifth, About repairing several Infringements of the Treaty of Monzon, agreed between the Two Crowns of France and Spain, concerning the Differences of the Garrisons with those of Valtelina.

All these Points have been debated several times between [Page 229] the Parties, together with the Mediation of the Legate and his Holiness's Nuncio.

There have been several Contests about the Investiture of the Duke of Mantua. The French immediately demanded to have it perform'd pursuant to a Treaty, and that with Reason; for the Duke of Mantua having claim'd it so long since, by his Son, sent Envoy, methinks the Empe­rour should not think of deferring it longer, the previous Ceremonies being once past. On the contrary, the Imperia­lists and Spaniards offered to perform it in three Weeks after the Treaty, because they would have time sufficient for him to demand it a new. Now, although this Formality seem'd to be only for gaining more time, yet France has agreed to it.

As to the Second Point, The Spaniards insisted, That the French should so absolutely quit Cazal, that the Duke of Man­tua might never admit any of 'em into it again. To which was Answer'd, by those that acted for the King, That their Proposition was not reasonable, because the Duke of Savoy had always equally entertain'd French and Spaniards when he pleas'd; that all Soveraign Princes have ever had this Li­berty, and that if his Highness of Mantua was to be depriv'd of admitting Strangers, because he was an Italian Prince, in the like manner the Spaniards ought to be excluded Milan, Naples and Scicily, being no Natives there. Also, That France did not require the French should remain in Cazal, but only that the Duke of Mantua should not be deny'd a Right to make use of what Garrison he pleas'd, and which might ex­tend as well to Germany and Spain, as to France. The Mar­quess of Spinola would by no means consent to this Article, Affirming, That tho' he should lose four Battles, he would not do it: For, says he, I can never look upon my Master's Terri­tories to be safe, as long as the French have any Footing in Italy.

To obviate the ill Apprehension he had upon this Article, It was offer'd, That the Number of the French admitted into Montferrat, in case the Duke of Mantua would please to accept 'em, should be limited to 12 or 1500 Men, which might not be capable of giving any reasonable cause of Suspition; but nevertheless, the Marquess persisted in his Refusal. At length the Mediators interpos'd to this Effect, That altho' it were said, that all the French should go out of the Duke of Man­tua's Territories, and they should Quit 'em accordingly, yet the Duke of Savoy might easily suffer 2 or 300 to pass in small [Page 230] Numbers through his Country, without being thought to know that they went to serve his Highness of Mantua.

To this Overture was Answered, That over and above, that it was Infamous in itself, the Spaniards that should suffer it, would pretend we had infring'd the Treaty that was to be made, and thereupon tax His Majesty with Breach of Faith; the Consideration of both which, would be enough to with­hold us from any such Practice.

As to the Third Point, Two Difficulties arose: First, That the Duke of Savoy would have his Division in such Place as he lik'd best in Montferrat, altho' that Choice belong'd only to those that Pay. The Second, He always insisted on the Pay­ment of 15000 Crowns per Annum, which were promis'd him the year before, with Trin [...], out of the same Revenues which the Duke of Montferrat had, when the Right he claims to the said Dominions fell to him, Whereby he would have exclu­ded most of the Prerogatives the Duke of Mantua now en­joys, altho' they were altogether Hereditary. By which means, instead of 15000 Crowns a year, he would have had above 50000.

To this the Duke of Mantua reply'd, That those 15000 Crowns were to be paid out of the Revenues he enjoy'd when he promis'd to pay 'em. Nevertheless, the Duke of Savoy would never quit any of his Claims; and did positively aver, That if it was given any other way, the Duke of Mantua must never expect to live in Amity or Peace with him.

As to the Fourth Point, The Imperialists and Spaniards have demanded, That Susa, Pignerol, and whatever else the King holds in Italy, might be restored on the same day they should give up the Passes of the Grisons. It has been Answered in favour of France, That all that could be expected, was, That the Restitution of Susa should Ballance the Passes of the Grisons; because Susa was taken to get the said Passes, in or­der to march against Spain, who then Attack'd the Duke of Mantua, and that it was not the same with Pignerol, which was taken to avoid an irreconcileable War with Spain: How­ever, Cardinal Richelieu, who Acted for the King, when he gave his Consent to the Restitution of Susa at the same time with the Passes, did still insist, That as he could not consent to the Restoring of Pignerol, as having no Orders from the King, who at that time knew nothing of its being taken, did assure 'em, that the greatest Difficulty would not be in the Restitution, but the manner of its being Restor'd.

He said, moreover, to the Legate, That being so far off from the King, and in such an Employ as he was, he ought neither to advise him to restore, or not to restore Pignerol; but on the contrary, would wait His Majesty's Orders. But never­theless, if all other Matters concurr'd to accomplish it, he doubted not, but that Her Highness, the Dutchess, might easily obtain the said Restitution, by means of the Queen her Mo­ther, and that thereupon, he should have Permission to ac­quaint His Holiness from His Majesty of the same.

The said Sieur Cardinal, has divers times represented to those that were to Treat, That his Master desir'd Pignerol, only to secure the Treaty that was to be made; so that the only way to incline him to surrender, were, to satisfie him about the same. For this purpose, he has always desir'd, on the King's account, the Princes of Italy, to enter into a League, for the defence of the Duke of Mantua, in case he should be attack'd again. Which has been all along refus'd, unless, that at last, they seem'd a little inclin'd to hear him.

He has likewise requir'd the Mediation of the Pope, and College of Cardinals, which was also deny'd, unless, that in conclusion, the Legate told him, That if he had insisted only upon that, the Peace of Italy had not been so long deferr'd. Then Father Valerien, a Capuchin Fryer, who came from Germany, on purpose to facilitate the Peace, propos'd, That the Emperor would oblige the Catholick League, and the Colledge of Electors, to the Defence of the D. of Mantua, if he should be attack'd. But the Sieur Cardinal, desir'd him to know from Coalta, and Spinola, if they had any such Orders.

After which Answer, the said Father freely confess'd, That this Proposition, was only his thoughts, without any relation to the Emperor, or his Ministers.

The said Capuchin made another Overture, which was, That seeing we desir'd Pignerol, only for Security of the Peace, if we had no other design, we might easily consent to restore it, at the end of two years; during which, the Emperor should keep the Passes of the Grisons. The Sieur Cardinal told him, he believ'd, the King would consent to this Propo­sition, with which he would acquaint his Majesty, assoon as they were agreed about it. Whereupon the Capuchin im­mediately went to 'em, but soon return'd, and reported, That they would not consent to it by any means.

As to the Fifth Point, The Marquess Spinola said, he had no Authority to make good any Infringements of the Treaty of Monzon.

To which was represented, That it would neither be just nor reasonable, to have two Differences at a time with Spain in Italy, and to have sent a puissant Army thither, yet to re­turn without deciding either. Notwithstanding which, he positively reply'd, he would have nothing to do to repair a Treaty that bad been made by Count Olivarez. To which was answered, That the Question at present, was not about Repairing the Treaty, but. Performing it. Whereupon, he promis'd in General, to Perform the said Treaty of Monzon; but to specifie the Infringements, he would never do it. To which was Answered, That we would be contented without specifying 'em, providing he would speedily make 'em good. To which he reply'd, That he could only Promise in general, that the Treaty of Monzon should be perform'd, and leave de­ciding the Infringements to another time. But it was reply'd, That would look like an Abuse, since the Infringements were plain, by the Tenour of the Treaty, and to promise to perform it, without repairing them, would be to little or no purpose.

The Question is at present, Not if Peace should be made, because 'tis preferable to War for a thousand reasons: but if we should be contented with the bare Investing the Duke of Mantua, without farther Security, than the Emperor's, and the King of Spain's Word, that he should not be molested for the future.

Also, If we should consent, that the Duke of Savoy should be paid the 15000 Crowns Rent, as he demands.

Also, If it be reasonable, the Duke of Mantua should be excluded a Liberty of putting what Garisons he pleases into his Towns.

Also, If we can, or ought, to end the Duke of Mantua's Controversy, without concluding; likewise, that of Valtelina, and the Treaty of Monzon. And if there be Security enough left, tho' we should restore Pignerol; as also, If the King's Re­putation be not concern'd, in only terminating the Diffe­rence of the Duke of Mantua, and leaving that of Valtelina, and the Grisons, to the Spaniards Faith.

COUNSEL. From Cardinal Richelieu, after that of the Queen-Mother, and the Lord-Keeper.

ALL the Reasons mention'd before by the Lord-Keeper, make it plainly appear, that a Peace is to be greatly desired: For my part, I have always wish'd it upon the same Considerations, and have omitted nothing, in my power, to procure it. Your Majesty, and His Lordship the Keeper, knows, That after the taking Pignerol, I immediately di­spatch'd an Express, to make known the Inconveniencies depended upon continuing the War, as also the Reasons which might be brought for a Peace, by restoring Pignerol. But you both know also, that I had no other Answer, but that His Majesty enclin'd to the noblest side, and was coming to attack Savoy.

Nevertheless, not to be against the Negotiations for Peace, returning home, I writ a Letter to the Princess of Piedmont, on purpose, that it might be communicated to the Duke of Savoy, and the Prince, by which I desir'd her, to further this Negotiation; hoping thereby to content both Princes, This Letter I left with the Vicar-General of Pignerol, who took upon him to carry it himself, that he might have an Opportu­nity to encline these Princes to a good and lasting Peace. Hereupon, he sent twice to Turin, but could not be admitted; therefore Mareschal Schomberg, who was acquainted with this design, sent me my Letter again.

The Lord-Keeper's reasons also make it appear, That a War cannot be undertaken without great Inconveniencies, being a Scourge which God ordains to punish bad Men.

But, nevertheless, hence it does not follow, that we should purchase a Peace, on dishonourable and base Conditions; but that we should rather bear with the greatest Afflictions a War can produce.

The Aversion the People have to War, is not a sufficient Motive to accept such a Peace; because they are uneasie, and complain, as well of a necessary Evil, as of one that ought to be avoided. As, also, ignorant to know what is convenient, as ready to murmur at Grievances, are absolutely necessary to prevent greater.

He that makes Peace on dishonourable Terms, would ne­ver be able to maintain it long: As also, would lose his Re­putation for ever, and expose his Country for the future, to endless Wars. It being certain, that no body would fear to Attack, that had observed the Volubility of our Tempers on this Occasion; and the Advantages we had lost, which were not easie to be regain'd. Our Neighbours also would slight our Alliance, as trifling; because of our Fickleness, and would rather chuse to bear with the Tyrannies of Spain, than hope to be reliev'd by Us.

But to return to our Particular Case, In my Opinion, we cannot agree to a Peace, upon Three of the Conditions a­bovenamed, viz. First, That the Duke of Savoy shall have such Division of Montserrat, as he desires. Secondly, To exclude the French out of Cazal. And Thirdly, To Quit the Treaty of Monzon, without having the Infringements made good.

I say, that to consent to these Conditions, would be to render France, the Contempt and Scorn of all Christendom, and to engage us in new Wars; which would have all the Grievances of this, and none of the Advantages.

Therefore, there's nothing more to be done, but to con­tinue the War, for which all necessary Preparations are now read; and in the mean time, to think of all ima­ginable means to Negotiate a more Honourable Peace, than has been hitherto Propos'd.

So we may make War to occasion Peace, and time to come, prove a more favourable Instrument of effecting it, than times past.

An Account how Cardinal Richelieu behav'd himself upon the first Dis­contents of the Queen-Mother.

AS soon as ever his Eminence had knowledge of the Queen-Mother's Resolutions to discard him from her Service, he omitted nothing in his Power to prevent it.

He humbly entreated her to consider, that not one Minute of his Life, but he would have sacrific'd a thousand Lives for her.

That he had always serv'd her, not only with Fidelity, but also such Success, as every thing fell out to her Wish.

That he behav'd himself in his Persecution so, as deserv'd her Approbation, and for which all good Men commended him.

That the King himself had declared to him several times, that the chief Reason of his Esteem for him, was, That be­ing forbid the Court, he never offer'd to come near it.

That she was in so high a Condition, that her Honour, her Grandeur, and her Power with the King, took away all means from the cunningest People to encline him to neglect her Service.

That as often as he could have the Honour to approach her, all his Care was to make known, that no body had, or could have more Zeal to serve her than himself.

That he hop'd she would be sensible of this Truth: But altho' he should, for the future, be as unfortunate in being slighted by her, as he had formerly been happy in receiving her signal Favours; yet nothing should prevent his being ready always to expose his Life, upon the least occasion, for her Safety; and at the same time profess to all the World, by Word, Writing, and all his Actions, how sincerely and devoutly he was her Servant.

All these Protestations and Professions would be vain and fruitless, if his Heart did not go along with 'em, and hers re­lent. [Page 236] Sometimes she seem'd to be satisfy'd, but immediate­ly would fly out again; which gave him reason to think, there was something still lay conceal'd from his Knowledge.

He experienc'd, at his Costs, how difficult it was to alter Womens Resolutions, where they had been undertaken by Passion.

He had a Proof, that their Obstinacy, where they have no good Reasons to alledge, will either make use of very bad ones, or else pretend to know what they don't care for giving account of.

Knowing that the Minds of great People are often such, that having misused one of their Servants, they have in them­selves so great a Confusion of their Fault, that they persevere to conceal the Wrong. He resolved to receive that by Fa­vour, which was due to his Innocence by Justice. But not­withstanding, this was also of no effect.

He thought it might be with his Condition, as with an acute Ague, which Nature not being able to expel by her utmost Efforts, must be contented to wait till it were done by in­sensible Perspiration.

But he was deceiv'd in his Judgment, for he never had any Ease; having no sooner got rid of one Distemper, but he felt another, or foresaw a Relapse, which often times is of worse Consequence than the beginning; being assur'd, that in case of Suspicious, the last are most dangerous; inas­much as they have their first Impressions, and their Novelty besides, to recommend 'em.

A Remedy to all these were very easie and reasonable, if the Queen would be pleased to consider.

He propos'd one to her ingenuously, and begg'd her to make use of it, since it would be both just and advantageous.

His Misfortune being grounded only on Suspicions she had of him, and Detractions she had been pleased to hearken to against him it were no Difficulty to remedy both.

As to Suspicions, the way was, to trace 'em from their be­ginning, and before they had taken Root in her Mind.

As for Detractions, there were two Remedies:

First, To shut her Ears against 'em; but which he desir'd not at present, for fear he might be thought, by endeavouring to cut off the Course of Calumnies, to shut up the Way to Truth.

The Second, That it would please her Majesty to conclude nothing against him, till she had first examined into the mat­ter; with Condition, that they should be rewarded who [Page 237] spoke Truth, and they severely punish'd, who offer'd to im­pose a Lye upon her.

He further represented to her Majesty, that if she were pleas'd to exempt them from Penalty who had slander'd him falssy, he was content.

He submitted never to enquire after their Names, who had so abused him; and to yield himself Convicted and Guilty, if he h [...]d ever any the least Thought to their Prejudice. Also, to comply with her Majesty's Pleasure, he would ever return Good for Evil, if they ever came to his Knowledge.

He offer'd to reward any one at his own Charges, who could produce any injurious Truth against him.

Nay, he went so far beyond what Reason could require from him, that he would give himvelf up for condemned, if her Majesty did persist in any Suspicion, after she had ac­quainted him with the Cause, and given him leave to speak for himself.

He also submitted himself to be more than Guilty, if in this case he did not retire from Court, laying down all his Offices, and freely consenting that all he had might be confiscate.

These Propositions were so just, that the Queen could not withstand approving 'em: But still the Difference lay in the Practice; for her Mind had been so engaged and prepossessed to his Prejudice, that he could never see any good effect from 'em. On the contrary, in spite of these Remedies, her Ear never receiv'd any Account of him, nor her Mind was byassed with any Suspicion against him, but it immediately sunk into her Heart, and was forthwith to be seen in her Counte­nance.

Nay, he was reduced to this extraordinary Unhappiness, that all those who were not directly opposite to the Cardinal, were suspected. And if by chance he was well received, or kindly spoken of, by any one, it was sufficient Cause to be suspected of keeping Intelligence with him, to her Majesty's Prejudice.

Moreover, if any thing was spoke, by what Person what­soever, that did not please her, it was immediately imputed to the Cardinal; and oftentimes she put a false Construction upon a good Meaning, to have the better occasion to rail against him.

Thus the Cardinal's Misfortune was without Remedy, it being impossible for most People not to speak well of him, either out of regard to their Sentiments of his Actions, or a Reflection upon his good Name.

Some People, who were well acquainted with her Weak­ness, in what concern'd the Cardinal, would never let her en­cline to the least charitable Opinion of him, but would im­mediately fire her again with some new Artifice, causing a Report that would be sure to displease her, tho' it was visibly false to every body, but which she would nevertheless easily believe, so much was she blinded by her Passion.

The extraordinary Respect and Obedience he paid her, joyn'd with his incredible Patience and Perseverance to ho­nour and serve her, were look'd upon from him as no other than Dissimulation and Design.

He had enough to do to represent to her, that Angels, the most confirm'd in Grace and Glory, could not be innocent, if they could be prov'd guilty, tho' it was neither in their Power or their Nature to be so.

He often laid before her Eyes, that he ought not to answer for any Bodies Actions, Words, Intentions or Thoughts, but his own. But still all was fruitless.

At last he argu'd, That those who did not care to make use of Means to continue their Servants, must needs be willing to leave 'em; and so concluded, that his Retreat must be the end of this Affair.

This he grounded upon two Reasons:

First, The Queen not being pleas'd to give an Account of the Occasion of her Anger and Indignation, the Effect might be delayed for some time; but the Cause not being taken away, she could never be thoroughly appeased.

Secondly, That not resolving to make known the Jealousies and Suspicions she might have of her Servants, they might be convicted in her Thoughts of a Crime they were never guilty of, without having any Means to prove their Innocence.

The Law never reputes a Man guilty till he is convicted; and is always ready to receive a Justification, where there is no positive Proof to prevent it.

If he had been allowed this Justice, he had even esteemed himself happy in his Misfortune; but on the contrary, he had no such Liberty granted, but bare Suspicions were both his Witnesses and Judges.

The evident Falseness of their Calumnies made his Accusers cautious not to make known their Informations nor their Persons.

As they were assured they could never maintain their Al­legations, they thought it best to repose their Security in their being conceal'd.

They perswaded the Queen, that if she should discover herself to him, there would be no Security for them; for he would not only know 'em by their Names, but also guess at 'em by the least Circumstance of the matter.

They added farther, That his Wit was so piercing, that if he had but the least knowledge of what they accused him, he would immediately disguise himself so, that black should seem white; and that consequently, she could never be able to find out the Truth.

By these Means, all the Avenues and Ways he might make use of to shew his Innocence, were stopt up, and these Pre­cautions had that Power over the Queen, that whatever he could say in his behalf, appear'd rather to be the Industry of his Wit than an innocent Truth.

She made as much of them that told her a Falshood, as who discovered a Truth. She kept all secret from one and the other, and both were treated alike. Which occasion'd every one to lend his Money freely, without fear of its being enquired into the false Alloy.

She put as great Trust in her Jealousies as Oracles, and flat­ter'd herself like Magicians, who are bewitch'd with their false Science, and which deceives 'em in most Points, for one that may happen to be true.

The truth of one trifling Suspicion made her conclude fifty of greater Consequence infallible.

All these Considerations tormented the Cardinal's Mind, more than is possible to be express'd. He would freely have given his Life to have undeceived the Queen in the Designs and Artifices of his Enemies; and has a hundred times begg'd of God to take him out of the World in her good Opi­nion.

He found himself attacked by a Disease, and saw no Reme­dy to free him; which made him resolve upon a Retreat, as the only way to cure.

On the other side, he considered, That he who quits a Par­ty, loses it; and who turns his Back upon the Court, gives opportunity to them that are arm'd with Hatred and Envy, to injure him unreveng'd.

He knew there were some that wish'd him ill, for no other Reason, but that they could not endure the Prosperity of the State, and the Establishment of the King; and consequently, endeavoured to weaken both by prejudicing him.

He considered also, that being once retreated, they would endeavour to make his most signal Services, not only false Steps, but Crimes.

He thought further, that if he should continue at Court, and endeavour to regain the Queen's good Opinion, by doing her all the Service he was capable of, he could not prevent ill Men from representing to her, that he tarry'd only to op­pose her Pleasure.

He reflected, that when he had formerly been in her Fa­vour, he found it difficult to preserve himself against the ill Advice was given her; but now he thought it almost impos­sible to perswade her, he serv'd her well, tho' he should kill himself in the Endeavours.

He thought, whilst he was in Place, he could have no o­ther Power than to injure himself; it being certain, that if God should give him any Opportunities to do his Country Service, it would be to no purpose, because he should be with held by so many Considerations, fearing to do amiss and displease, that it would be almost impossible to put any of 'em in Execution.

He saw plainly, that tho' the Queen herself might be well affected to the State, yet there were a great many People that sought to please her otherwise, contributing to some ill Event, the Blame of which might possibly be imputed to him; so that he could not hope to have any Success from the best Design.

This he has often been sensible of, by the Crosses he has met with in the greatest Affairs that have been concerted for these three Years.

He easily perceives his Afflictions do so enervate the Vi­gour of his Body, and weaken his Mind in such manner, that he shall not be able much longer to support any Publick Em­ployment.

Also, that he has so much to do, to defend himself from those that torture him within, that he shall not be capable any longer to resist his Enemies that assault him without.

He considered moreover, that as he has been hitherto able to resist the Enemies of the State by the Queen's Favour, he shall, for the future, be altogether incapable to oppose them, being in Disgrace.

He also saw well, that the Queen being once possessed against him, she could not want malicious Spirits to foment and aug­ment her Prejudice, especially when they found she had so great a Disposition to it.

Whereas he formerly had been a Comfort to the Queen in her Afflictions, he considered that her Jealousies, and their Designs against him, might now make him the Cause.

Thus having thoroughly weigh'd all these Reasons, he re­solved upon his Retreat, as the only means to justifie his Fi­delity, and convince her Majesty, that his Business at Court has always been hers and the King's Interest, which as their Respect for him oblig'd him to it, so that for them made him quit it.

Assoon as the Queen was inform'd of his Resolutions, she did what she could to disswade him from it: But her Jealou­sies preventing him to think himself secure, he persisted in his Design.

He represented to her further, that during his late Perse­cutions, though those that sway'd the King, aim'd at nothing but his Ruine; yet he fear'd neither their Power nor their ill Will, so long as he had her to speak in his Defence; and that she would hear nothing to his Prejudice. But now mat­ters were in such a plight, that her Heart is shut up, her Mouth clos'd, and her Ears open to every body against him.

So that finding himself slighted by her Majesty, he deter­mined to retire from the World. But the King hearing of it, would by no means suffer it, and endeavoured all that was in his Power to encline her to take him again into her Favour.

A MEMOIR, Presented the King by Cardinal Riche­lieu, after the Queen-Mother had Banish'd him from her House, concern­ing Means to avoid Cabals at Court.

SInce it has pleas'd the King to make use of me in his Af­fairs, I am assur'd he will think it just to give no Credit to what may be said in my Prejudice, by those, who upon this Occasion, have profest themselves my Enemies.

His Majesty may please to be assured, that as I have, am, and always will be faithful and zealous in his Service, so I [Page 242] shall not in the least fear the Jealousies may be raised against me, and the false Accounts may be given of me.

To remedy which, there is no better way than to discover their Birth, and to be satisfy'd of their Validity, before they take Root.

As to the ill Offices may be done in the World, I know but two ways to prevent their doing Harm.

One is to shut the Ear against 'em; but which I cannot desire, where the Persons to be heard are not my profess'd E­nemies, for fear it may seem, that under pretence of prevent­ing Calumnies I would obviate Truths.

The other, to hear nothing, without honouring me with the knowledge of it, that I may defend my self: As also on Condition, that they who detect important Truths should be rewarded, as they that impos'd Trifles on the State should be punish'd.

I say the King is oblig'd in Conscience to this; for other­wise it would be impossible to serve him in his Affairs, where those that are employed make so many Enemies, that if it be allowed to detract in private, the Malice and Cunning of the Court would not permit an Angel to subsist six Months.

His Majesty is so much the more oblig'd to grant this, in that I submit to whatever Punishment he pleases, if providing he discover any of my Enemies to me, I am not willing to be prescrib'd by him what Thoughts to have of 'em.

Then I am humbly to conjure him, that if he intends to maintain his Authority, it would be necessary continually to have his Eyes open, and to lose no time to perfect these Pro­positions, unless he has a mind to be ruin'd.

It is with this Affair as with a stubborn Disease, which one Medicine not being able to master, it may be conquered by str [...]nger Remedies, often repeated.

The Cardinal lost the Queen's Favour by not routing the Cabals in their Birth. It is better in such a case, to do too much than too little, providing it extend to no more than banishing the Court. They who have it in their Power to do Mischief there, will make us believe they have also the Will.

By too little, one runs a Risque to be ruin'd; when on the contrary, doing but a little too much, without offending ones Conscience, one secures ones self, and there can no great Inconvenience happen, there being no greater Enemy of Cabals, than Fear and Doubt.

We must not think to have Mathematical Demonstrations of Conspiracies and Cabals; they are rarely known so far, till they are incapable of continuing any longer.

They must thereofre be foreseen by strong Conjectures, and prevented by speedy Remedies.



I Can't divine, what should be the reason of your Equipage of the hundred Artillery-Horse is not yet ready; I am sure, I gave Orders for it, assoon as ever your Majesty com­manded me. Monsieur Bullion, and Monsieur Servien have acquainted me, they have done all on their parts, and I be­lieve 'em. If it were for my life, I could not be more dili­gent, and careful, in your Majesty's Service; which I can­not believe, has been any ways retarded, since I am advis'd, from Monsieur Melleray, by Monsieur Bouthillier, that on Sa­turday last, the hundred Horse were sent to Chaalons.

I must own, at first, I was against your Majesty's Journey, fearing your Health might be impaired by your Natural Im­patience, of which I have often heard you accuse yourself: But since having assur'd me, both by yourself, and other Per­sons, that you were in perfect health, and fearing lest a disappointment might be to your prejudice, I have freely consented to your going; Assuring your Majesty, that if you can bear with the ordinary Incommodities of Travel, this Jour­ney will be very much for the Advantage of your Affairs. Also, I am so far from being against it, that I think it ought to be spee­dily perform'd, since you have given it out for some time, and sent Expresses of it to all your Armies, and Provinces.

After which, I hope your Majesty will give me leave, as an antient, and faithful Confident and Servant, to tell you, with all the Respect that is due to a Master, that if you are apt to believe the Intentions of your most confirm'd Creatures, are otherwise than they appear to be, it will so deaden and baffle their Spirits, that they will not be able to do you such Ser­vice, [Page 244] as they shall desire. And whereas the freedom you are pleas'd to give 'em, occasions their telling you frankly, what they think for your good, so you must not expect, they will have the same complaisance, in what relates to your Preju­dice. I conjure you, a God's Name, to make your Journey pleasant, and not to vex yourself at a thousand things, that may not happen to be perform'd, just as you expect. I in­treat you, also, at the same time, to believe, that whatever be your Pleasure, shall never be thought amiss, or thwarted, by a Person that prefers your Satisfaction infinitely to his own; and, who will be always more studious to Serve, and Please you, than to preserve his own Life; throughout the whole Course of which, he will endeavour to make known, by all his Actions, how much he is, your Majesty's most Duti­ful, and Obedient Subject, and Servant, &c.

The KING's LETTER, To Cardinal. Richelieu.

Trusty and Well-beloved Cosin, and Councellor,

I Am very much concern'd for the haste I was in Yesterday, in writing you a Letter, on account of my Journey. I now desire, you would burn, and forget it at the same time: As also, believe, that as I would not be willing to Displease you in any thing, so I shall never have any other thoughts, but to follow punctually, your good Advice and Instructions. I desire you also, once more to forget— and satisfie me by this Bearer, that you think no more of it. As likewise, to assure yourself, that I shall be Uneasy, till I have another Opportunity, to testify the extream Affection I have for you, and which, Death can only put an end to; Beseeching God, with all my heart, that he would have you always under his awful Protection, &c.



I Have not endeavoured to forget the Letter you were pleas'd to write me yesterday, because I can assure your Majesty, I never took any thing amiss in it. I beseech you, farther, to acquaint me with all Transactions, and I will continue to send your Majesty my different Sentiments there­upon. What made me oppose your Journey at first, was, the knowledge I have of your Constitution, which might be capable of Disorder. But, on the contrary, the great Zeal I find you have to acquire Honour by your Arms, made me easily consent to it, as I do hereby a second time. But ne­vertheless, having seen a late Dispatch from Monsieur Vaube­court, I think it necessary you defer your going, till Saint Michael be invested, and your Troops gathered together. It is impossible there should not a great many Changes happen, in the Designs one undertakes in War, because Resolutions must be taken upon the spot, according to the Mation of the Enemies.

Otherwise one gains oftentimes more by Patience, which is required in some occasions, than by fighting; which is the reason that the French Nation being very forward, and hot in its Nature, is esteem'd by all the World, the least fit for War; when those that are not so lively, but more heavy, and less fiery, are thought the properest for it. I humbly beg of your Majesty, not to weary your self out, nor to be vex'd at any Backwardness you may imagine in your Servants. I can assure your Majesty, that I think myself, not a little ob­lig'd by the Letter you were pleas'd to honour me with, and am of Opinion, that if you had thought fit to chide me, which you never yet did, thro' the excess of your natural Goodness, your manner of writing, alone, is so obliging, that the satis­faction receiv'd by your charming words, from the Pen of so great a King, would abundantly surpass the Injury. The Let­ter which you are concern'd about, is far from offending the [Page 246] meanest of your Servants, as your last has extraordinarily oblig'd him. I return your Majesty a thousand humble thanks, for your concern for the death of my Sister, who, I dare say is happy, as well in respect of her being deliver'd from a great many pains she endured, as for ending her days with so sincere a love towards her Maker. I am, and will be always, &c.

LETTER CCXVIII. To Monsieur Chavigny.


I Send the King the Letter which he has desir'd, by which, he may find his Servants have not had any reason to Complain, as in truth, they never did, only they must needs be a little affected with his Majesty's concern for them. I have com­municated to Monsieur Bullion the Article which the King was pleas'd to send me on the Reverse of one of his Letters, which related to what Monsieur Hallier acquainted him; That he had no Fund to subsist the Troops that should arrive: Where­upon, he has assur'd me, and I know it to be true, that there has been 20000 Livres put into Chauley's hands, above these eight days, for that purpose. Also Monsieur Servien told me, he had acquainted Monsieur Hallier, that a Commissary of the Treasury, and an Ammunition Officer were sent toward him: And, to be sure, this Affair concerning him so much, Monsieur Hallier, by this time, has not been wanting to take due care. Nevertheless, Monsieur Bullion has sent a second Order, to dispatch another Commissary, that there may be no further occasion of Complaint. It were to to be wish'd, that those who Command the Armies, were as ready to obey Orders for their Subsistance, as they are often forward to complain, when for the most part, their Negligence is the truest cause of their want.



I Am overjoy'd to hear of your Health, and to find there is nothing to be added to the Answer which your Majesty writ Monsieur Angoulesme, and to the Resolution which had been taken. I don't believe those of St. Michael, expect your Majesty so soon, which I would not have 'em, that your Sol­diers may surprize and plunder 'em out of hand.

Monsieur Angoulesme, will, no doubt, be convinc'd by your Dispatch, that you know more of the Matter than he: And I cannot help once more acquainting your Majesty, That no­thing could be better thought on, than what you commanded him, and no more proper way to convince him of the weak­ness of his Designs.

The Swiss cannot be better bestow'd, than where your Ma­jesty designs 'em, in Champagne and Picardy, where I shall not fail to solicite earnestly, Monsieur Chatillon, to employ 'em in something, that may be for your Majesty's Advan­tage.

After all, I cannot but expect good Success, from the Pru­dent Measures your Majesty takes.

If my Life could deliver you from Melancholly, which I know afflicts you sometimes, I would freely lay it down for that purpose. But as it cannot, I shall only study to pre­serve it, to be employ'd, as often as there shall be occasion, for the greatest, and best Master in the World, to whom I will be eternally, &c.



I Am rejoyc'd to hear by the Count, That your Majesty was never better in health, than on your Journey; as likewise, by the last Letters from Monsieur Bouthillier, that you had taken Physick, whence, thro' God's Assistance, we may hope a good Effect.

The Count also acquainted me, calmly, with the Affronts he thought he had receiv'd, complaining openly only of his Misfortune; and Monsieur Chavigny, who, he was of opinion, had power to prevent it. I told him what I thought requisite upon the matter, and must needs say, I left him pretty well satisfied. I can never enough wonder at the Baseness, Ignorance, or Malice of those, who, as your Ma­jesty acquaints me, endeavour to disparage your Designs. But I think it necessary to stop those Gentlemens Mouths, as soon as possible, in the same manner as your Majesty has done formerly some others.

The Pope treats the Duke of Parma after that rate, that it is necessary we take speedy care about him.

The Affair of Clauzel is of great Importance, but ha­ving writ largely of all to Monsieur Chavigny, I shall trouble your Majesty with no more, but that I am, and will be al­ways, &c.

LETTER CCXXI. To Monsieur Bouthillier.


I Suppose the Rebels of St. Michel won't go far beyond that place, without being taken by Force, or surrendering [Page 249] at Discretion. I know the King is resolv'd to use 'em with a great deal of Rigour, and I'll assure you, it is a matter of so great importance, that it is scarce to be exprest.

My Thoughts are, That the Officers deserve an immediate Punishment, even next to death.

As to the common Soldiers, the Gallies would be very pro­per for them, as the only means that should be allow'd to save their lives.

For what belongs to the Inhabitants, the Officers of Parlia­ment, and others, the Councel of Ruel thinks they are to be divided into two Classes.

First, Those that have fomented, and favoured Duke Charles's Party, contrary to their Oath of Allegiance to the King.

And, Secondly, Those that were drawn in Meré pas­sive.

'Tis thought the King might pardon the first Class, but as to the second, they ought to be all hang'd, unless the num­ber be too great; in which case, the King might pack off the most factious, and decimate the others, or send 'em to the Gallies.

As for the Jurisdiction of the Parliament of St. Michel, 'tis thought best to add it to the Soveraign Council of Nancy.

I say nothing of the Walls of the City, because every body knows the King has already condemned them.

In a word, the present Affairs require some Examples made more than ordinary; otherwise, we shall have Rebels so fre­quently in Lorrain, that there will never be an end, and the King shall have no sooner turn'd his back, but they'll rise again.

The Lord-Keeper and you, are earnestly desir'd to see, that a false Generosity of some great Lords, may not pre­vail with the King in behalf of any one, where his future Welfare requires so great rigour.

I am very well satisfy'd with Monsieur Bonthillier's Conduct, and that the Posts between the Cardinal de la Valette, and you, are open: As also, that you intend to lose no time after the taking St. Michel, to send towards Metz what Troops the King orders, to keep those parts free from factious Spirits, that may infect 'em.

I very much wonder at the Malice of Cramaik, a Person you have writ me, by the King's Order, twice about. I am overjoy'd his Majesty has intercepted his Designs, and esteem myself not a little indebted, that he would be pleas'd to ac­quaint me so soon of it.

Principiis Obsta. The Remedy of Provence is very proper upon this Occasion. One ill Man may corrupt a great many at Court.



I Praise God with all my heart for your Majesty's health, and with which I begin my Letter, because 'tis what I desire most. I can never be enough thankful for the Account you were pleas'd to send me, of the Person that had a mind to lengthen out your Majesty's Affairs; which I have An­swered, by Monsieur Chavigny, who, pursuant to your Orders, sent me the particulars. Having no more to add to the Me­moire, I have sent him to Communicate to your Majesty. I shall not lengthen this Letter, but to give you a Million of thanks, for bestowing an Abby, at my Request, upon Cavois. I have so many occasions, every day, to testifie my Acknow­ledgments to your Majesty, that not thinking words good e­nough, I do solemnly protest, I will make it the business of my Life, to confirm, by my Actions, how much I am, &c.



BEing in so good humour, as I am inform'd by Monsieur Bouthillier, your Majesty is at present, I cannot think, any ill can happen to you. And, I hope, that St. Michael be­ing once taken, which I know can never-resist your Presence long, you will pursue your design to assist Messieurs, Angou­lesine, and de la Force; who thereby, may be able to gain [Page 251] such advantage over Duke Charles, as you can wish; and which, I am sure, I desire, with a great deal of earnestness, that I may see you once again, return glorious from the Field.

Monsieur Vitry, by two successive Courriers, assures us, the Spaniards will be able to effect nothing in Provence. All the Countrey is sheltred towards St. Margarite, and St. Ho­norate, by great Heats. There is no Harbour in these Islands. They cannot well land any where. Also, the said Sieur Vitry assures us, That he has so plentifully provided the Isles of Hieres with Men, and all sorts of Ammunition, that there is nothing to be feared.

There is nothing new from Italy. I have sent one of my Gentlemen to the Duke of Savoy, to press him to do what he ought, pursuant to the Treaty made with your Majesty.

The Duke of Parma's Valour and Conduct, is spoken of here with great Admiration.



'TIS impossible for me to express the satisfaction I have, to hear, by Monsieur Bouthillier, of your Majesty's good Humour, and Health; who has also acquainted me, how differently your Troops live, now they are with you, than when they were from you. Every body knows, and one may speak it without flattery, that no Person can equal your Maje­sty, in communicating Orders.

I cannot comprehend my Transport for Cardinal de la Valette's Advantage over his Enemies. I am assur'd your Ma­jesty's Forces have perform'd wonders there; so that you would do well to harress 'em no more, but let 'em have a lit­tle rest after their so great Fatigue.

I pray God with all my heart, to give your Majesty as good success over the Lorrainers, that your Expedition may be as prosperous as you could wish, or I earnestly desire, &c.

LETTER CCXXV. To the Same.


I Am very glad that St. Michael is surrender'd, which is the beginning of the Glory and the Advantage, which I hope you will reap by this Expedition, provided that your Ma­jesty put in Execution that which Monsieur Bouthillier tells me you propose, you will gain much towards the Peace of Lorrain. That which you were pleased to grant in the Ca­pitulation, is very judicious, because it doth not hinder you from keeping all the Ring-leaders of the War in Prison, nor from sending the Soldiers to the Gallies, and chastizing some of the most factious Inhabitants, and keeping two hundred Wagons six Months, as your Majesty's Gentleman reports. I beseech you, in the Name of God, not to decline from your first Design, which is so necessary to your Reputation and Welfare, which, without this wholsom Rigour, will always be beginning, and never accomplished. I have sent a short Memorial to Renaudat; I believe he has not prevented me, being well acquainted with your Majesty's Humour. I have a lively Representation of your Impatience to perform some eminent Attempt, to the Prejudice of Duke Charles. I heartily desire of God that it may succeed, that your Majesty may return with as much Glory and Contentment, as is de­sired by, &c.



I Can never sufficiently condole your Majesty's Concern for the Inconstancy of the French. If the Lease of my [Page 253] Life would afford you any Comfort, I would gladly lay it down. Your Predecessors have laboured under the same Difficulties, and your Successors will do the same: Things will take their Course.

I send back to your Majesty that which we thought most seasible; upon the Advice which your Majesty was pleased to send us, wherein, as you did me the Honour to send to me, we have always follow'd that which my Cousin Melleraye gave you. I believe it is necessary that you send it, as it is signed by your Majesty, if you think it convenient to change nothing.

I conjure your Majesty, by the Name of God, not to be dejected; and be assured, that when you return hither, you will be looked upon by Paris, and the whole World, as you were in times past, as the best Master that ever was. We have already consider'd what we must say and write, both in the Kingdom, and to Embassadors, upon your Maje­sty's Return; that your Majesty being gone to appease the Commotions of Lorrain, and to raise a powerful Army, and after that to reinforce the Cardinal de la Valette, and d' Angou­lesme, and de la Force, thought it convenient in this Juncture to return to the Center of his Affairs, to send necessary Or­ders to all other Places, and to raise new Forces against Spring: Therefore pray let not your Majesty be in pain; and be assured, that I will omit nothing for the future, as in times past, which may depend upon me for your Service and Satisfaction, of which I will always have more Care than of my own Life, as being, &c.

LETTER CCXXVII. To Monsieur d'Hemery.


THE Loss of Revel ought to make Madam sensible, that she herself is lost, if she do not immediately make use of some extraordinary means to save herself. It is in­deed necessary to have Cahours, but that doth not heal the Di­stemper with which we are troubled, since it is but a Mag­py's Nest on the top of a Tree, and requires Time and Pains, [Page 254] and vast Charges, to fortifie the bottom. Madam is in jest to think of surrendring this Place upon the Terms of Revel; his Majesty will in no wise hear it spoke of; therefore it must be surrendred at Discretion. I told the Embassadour, who will write conformably, that it is altogether necessary that Cahours be kept by the King's Troops. Here is a Discourse, that to find a speedy Remedy for these Evils, we must some way or other take Coni: it is easie to mention what we ought to de­sire for the re-establishment of Affairs: For this purpose, we ought to retake Coni and Revel, Ast, Villeneuve, d'Ast, or Ver­rue; but I fear much it will be difficult. In the mean time, we must strive to attain this End, and to disarm Turin. If you are at a distance from Madam, send de la Cour thither, with Instructions necessary to the Safety of Italy.

That Coni may be reduc'd with ease: This is all, Care must be taken that Longueville sit down before it, before the Enemy suspects any thing of it.

To this end Cardinal de la Valette must oppose them in some advantageous place, while Longueville shall make a Retreat to go to Coni. We rely on their Prudence. Count Philippes hath sent great Complaint of you to the Embassadour of Savoy; but, as you may easily imagine, we laughed at it; and I told the Embassadour what was convenient upon that Account. I am, &c.

LETTER CCXXVIII. To Monsieur d'Hemery.


I Am much amazed to understand, by Degraves, that the Inhabitants of the three Towns, which Madam has put in the King's Hands, are not disarm'd. If you have a mind to lose them, you must delay, as you do now, every thing that is necessary for their Security. If the Inhabitants are not al­ready disarmed, fail not to do it immediately upon the Re­ceipt of this, [...]ithout losing one Moment, it being the only Means to preserve the said Places for Madam. I think you ought to have done it before, and, to have omitted it, is pure Madness. I expect, upon this occasion, which is of very great [Page 255] Consequence, the Effects of your Care and Diligence; and in the mean time assure you, that I am, &c.

LETTER CCXXIX. To Monsieur de la Cour.


I Cannot be sufficiently amazed at the Continuation of Ma­dam's Blindness, because it is to that degree, that it ex­poses her to a certain Ruin. I know not what can hinder her from accomplishing the Establishment which she pro­mised to make in Montmillian and Savoy, because she cannot be secure without it. Tell her from me, that which I now write, and let her know, that if we can find no Security in what she promises for herself, we will have no further Ne­gotiation with her.

I am glad that Don Felix and the Marquess of St. Morice promote the Execution of the things promised upon that ac­count, they testifie thereby the Zeal they have for Madam's Security and Reputation.

Having seen the Complaints, which you say the Marquess of St. Germain makes, because he received no Reward from the King, while he was at Grenoble, nor the others who were with Madam. I cannot sufficiently wonder why he himself doth not acknowledge, that it was done on purpose, for fear of making him suspected, and to give no opportunity, to those who would hinder this Establishment, to be able to do it. If he thinks that the King's Liberality is abridged, he is mista­ken. Let him take care to deserve, and we will procure him a Reward. You will oblige me, if by a cleanly Conveyance, you will let those who are concern'd, know the Contents of this Letter.

I recommend to your Care the Fort of Perouza, and the Sol­diers Quarters, and to impart to us what things are necessary, so opportunely, that we may provide them in due time. In the mean time be assured, that I continue my Friendship, and am, &c.

LETTER CCXXX. To Monsieur de la Cour.


THE Advice that we have had, that the Cardinal of Savoy and Prince Thomas have Practices and Intelli­gence in Madam's Court, by which they are contriving great Designs, obliging me to inform her Highness, that she may apply some necessary Remedies. I also think it convenient to impart it to you, that being inform'd thereof, you may act more conveniently for her Good, and the King's Ser­vice.

To that end, I send you a Memorial, which will let you know his Majesty's Intentions; and that which he judges convenient for Madam to do at this Juncture, to prevent the Mischiefs that her Enemies are preparing for her. The Con­fidence she has in you, the Zeal you have for the King's Ser­vice, your Prudence and Address, perswade me, that her Highness will have great Regard for what you will say upon this occasion, and that his Majesty will be very well satisfy'd with your Negotiation. I desire it, both for his particular Interest, and your own, which shall be ever recommended by, &c.

LETTER CCXXXI. To Monsieur de la Cour.


AFter I had received your last Letters, concerning the impertinent Proposals which were made to Madam by Monety and Father Michel-Ange d'Aglie, I desired that Mon­din should go to her immediately, to let her know what I think convenient to preserve her from absolute Ruine. You [Page 257] will see the particulars I have wrote to her Highness, by the Copy of the Letter I send to you, according to which, you may act vigorously.

The King has this confidence in you, that when there hap­pens some unforeseen occasions, which may destroy Madam, you have Foresight, Power, and Courage enough to op­pose them, and to prevent her from comming irreparable Faults.

I do not know how Men are so impudent, as to dare to advise Madam to sign something with her Enemies, before she first consults the King, on whom alone depends all her Protection; and how Madam is not sensible, that such Men, being desirous of her ruine, that she ought, by timely Reme­dies, to prevent their mischievous Practices.

You must break up all those fine Negotiations; and do it so cunningly, that Madam have the advantage, which her Enemies pretend to receive to her prejudice.

The true means to do it, is, To disperse a Declaration to inform the World, That her Highness desires a good and sincere Agreement; but, that as she has no other design, than to at­tain to so good an end, so she will hearken to no Proposal, which being void of due respect to the Dignity of her Son, and of necessary Precautions for the safety of his Person, which being dearer to her than her own Life, can produce no other effect, than her destruction, and the ruine of her States, and good Subjects, to whose Preservation she will always have a particular regard.

You must in this Declaration make use of the most advan­tageous Circumstances of times past, to confirm the pernicious Designs of Prince Thomas. That being done, it is convenient to remove all those fine Negotiations, by whose malice or simplicity, Madam, in the end, may be undone. Pray be diligent in this Affair, and be assur'd, that no body has a great­er kindness for you, than, &c.

P. S. Sir, I add this one word more, That Satisfaction is given to the Marquess of St. Morice. You must take care that this may be brought over to Madam's interest: Ʋpon which account, the King will never complain of his Benefits. You have so much prudence and address, that I do not at all doubt, but you will make this Affair succeed according to his Majesty's de­sire. I am, &c.

LETTER CCXXXII. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


THo' I wrote to you eight or ten days ago, about the bad circumstances, in which, I think, your Affairs are in, the late Express which I have just now received from your Highness, and your Commands, to give you my advice about the new Proposals which were made by Moneti, and Father Michael-Ange de Aglie, give me an opportunity to re-assume my Pen: I assure you, that the King desires nothing more, than to see you well re-establish'd in your States, and to have a good understanding with your Brothers-in-law. And, that his Majesty will be always ready to restore the Places which he possesses in Piedmont, into your Highness's hands, as soon as the Spaniards will, in good earnest, do the same with those which they hold, so that you may be the real Mistress of them. But as the safety of your Person, and that of your Son, the Duke of Savoy, are the principal things which you ought to consider, his Majesty will never consent, that they fall into the hands of persons, whose whole interest consists in their destruction: And your Highness is too well advised, not to see, that all Proposals which are made you, without this Precaution, let them be never so specious, are nothing but a Snare to destroy you.

I am not amaz'd, that Prince Thomas proposes, That you go into Piedmont, and carry your Son along with you: But I cannot think that there is any body nigh you, who can advise you to it, without adding at the same time, that before you think of it, you ought to be Mistress of the Citadel, as well as of the Town of Turin.

Upon this Condition, I think, you may pass the Mountains, without taking your Son along with you; for whose safety, you cannot take too much care, to secure him from those difficulties which may happen to him.

You know, Madam, better than we, the Reports upon the subject of the death of the Commander of Sales, because we have them only from your Parts. They ought, as I think, [Page 259] make you fear the destruction of your Son, by the same way, so much the more, as there is a difference betwixt the possessi­on of a soveraign-State, and that of a simple Government. You must be insensible, if you do not fear, that those, who were not afraid to touch your Honour, by several Falshoods, and Calumnies, may also aim at your Life, which is not so dear to you as your Reputation.

In a word, Madam, since God has made you Mother of a Prince, who is the lawful Successour of the States of his Fa­ther, the Duke of Savoy, you are oblig'd to do your utmost, to preserve his Person, and his States. You will not want For­ces, because the King offers you his; and he commanded me to write to you particularly, That, provided you will do what you can, he will spare nothing that may tend to your preservation, and re establishment, in that which you have lost. But because it is certain, that his Forces will be of no use to you, if your mind and prudence do not concur with his pow­er, to promote your safety. It is your part to take care, that you be not surpriz'd by bad Counsels; and to fortifie your self against the weakness of your Sex, which is sometime sub­ject, in its Conduct, not to add firm Resolutions, which are ne­cessary in the managery of great Affairs.

The Observations which you have sent hither about the Proposals which are made you, are so judicious to let you see the Cheat they would put upon you, that I praise God, that he has inspired you with such knowledge; and beseech him, that he would confirm you in that desire, which you now have, to preserve yourself from their malice.

I think it is very convenient, that you let those Princes, that cause such ridiculous Proposals to be made, and your States know, that as you will be always ready to come to a good Agreement, by which your Son may remain such an ab­solute Master of his States, that he may not apprehend, either himself, or them, to be in any danger; and that you will not hearken to Negotiations, which have no other aim, but to gain time to your prejudice, and to the ruine of the Peo­ple which God has committed to your charge; which they desire to amuse by such hopes.

When you have made this Declaration, I believe it requi­site for your service, to be deaf to all Proposals that may be made, if by the first Article, the Duke of Savoy, and your Highness, are not re-establish'd in the authority that belongs to them, and if it be not permitted you to provide for both your safeties, by what ways you think it most expedient.

These two Articles being pre-supposed, I repeat it yet once more to your Highness, that the King is always of opinion, That you treat your Brothers-in-law with all advantages imaginable, which they may reasonably desire, and which, are consistent with your safety to grant. In the extent of those terms, matters may be so adjusted, that those Gentle­men may be fully satisfied; without that, your ruine is inevi­table. This is, Madam, what I thought good to say, upon the present occasion. Finally, I advise you, to oblige all those who are about you, to declare publickly against those, who so publickly seek your ruine, that a Man must be either blind or malicious, not to confess it.

I am perswaded, that there is none who will not venture his life and blood, to defend so good a Cause, and will do it generously, provided, he be assured, that you take those Reso­lutions which are necessary for your safety, which I in parti­cular, do passionately desire, as being, &c.

LETTER CCXXXIII. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


I Have received those Letters, which it pleased your High­ness to honour me with, which imparted both the joy you testifie for the happy Success of Cazal, and the Accomo­dations of matters with your Brothers-in-law: Whereupon, I say, that tho' I have explain'd my self sufficiently to your Ambassadour, who, I am certain, has not omitted to send to you what I told him; yet I cannot forbear to add, That Prince Thomas's Conduct towards your Highness, both by the rigour which he used toward those, which he suspected to be well affected to your Service, and by what he contributed to­ward the loss of Cazal, and by the Artifices, which he always used in the Negotiation, which he manages with your High­ness, ought to make you break off entirely, and prevent the Advantages, which he hopes will accrue thereby, and to make use of those, which the Victory of Cazal gives you.

I cannot conceive how they who have the honour to be nigh your Highness, if they are well affected to your Service, can [Page 261] suggest any other counsel, seeing if you listen to such a Negoti­ation, you afford a notable opportunity to your Enemies to prejudice your Affairs.

If they will perswade you, that by this Accommodation, you secure the Tuition of your Son, and that you will receive some advantage by the change, which the Princes agree to make, of the Governors of the Places which they hold: I am amaz'd that common sence doth not dictate, that in dividing your Authority with your Brothers-in-law, it will by so much the more be diminish'd, as the fear which the Subjects, and Magistrates shall have of them, will induce them rather to be on their side than yours.

As to what they declare to you, that this Agreement may put an end to the Civil War in Piedmont; one must be void of judgment, not to foresee that your Highness being allied to France, and the Princess to Spain, the cause of the Division, and consequently, the War still remains.

Further, it would be very prejudicial to the King's, and your Highness's Service, if His Majesty should attack Turin, while you are agreed with your Brothers-in-law: Because, in this case, every one would say, That it was not your Son's interest which put you upon this design, but his Majesty's, to possess himself of this place. And since he writes particularly to his Ambassadour upon this subject, to let you know his mind, I shall not say any thing about it in this Letter. But yet I will add, before I conclude, That those who advise you to continue the Negotiation with those Princes, and to conclude it with­out an Union at the same time with France for your Interest, testify too publickly, that the fear of them, prevails more than the affection which they owe to your Highness; upon which account give me leave to add, That it would, Madam, have been very serviceable to you, that after so much contempt, which Prince Thomas has shewn of your Highness, if you had neither admitted him into your Presence, nor given Audience to his Envoy: and the rather, because he has raised some dif­ficulties about some matters relating to your Son's, and your Interest; for if you had done thus, you had oblig'd him to have recourse to more humble measures, to regain your Highness's Friendship, seeing that the happy success of his Majesty's Arms at Cazel, may, in time, reduce him to great extremities.

To conclude, I beseech your Highness, to consider that all your Welfare, next to God, depends upon the King's Pro­tection, and to follow the advice, he gives you, who have no [Page 262] other end, but to defend you from your Enemies, and to re­establish your Son and yourself in such a Condition as he de­sires; which, as to my particular, I wish with all the Zeal imaginable, both for the Glory of his Majesty, and your Son's and Highness's Welfare, &c.

P. S. The Affair of Querasque let's you see, that beside the Pre­mises, Prince Thomas has no other Design, but to reduce your States, by amusing you with fine Words.

LETTER CCXXXV. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


I Cannot tell who it is that advises you, at present, to go in­to Piedmont, while your Affairs are in those circumstances, since such a Journey may be so far from making them better, that it may be dangerous to your Person. When Turin is taken, you may go into Piedmont with reputation; and, deporting yourself with discretion, which you generally do, your Pre­sence will be useful to your Son's and your own interest. If something must be denied Prince Thomas it is better that your Ministers should do it, than your Highness: And it is more convenient that you be at some distance from Turin, than nigh it, till it is taken.

As to the Composition of Turin, which you are pleased to mention, the King will give the Count de Harcourt Orders what he shall do, both for your Advantage and his Service.

As his Majesty is always disposed to receive Prince Thomas, when he has a mind to unite himself to France, it is conve­nient to use, to your advantage, the present opportunity, which God is pleased to give you, and so to behave yourself, as not not to lose the Fruit by too much precipitation.

The Letters which were taken in the Baggage of the Mar­quess de Leganez, give you such a manifest proof of the Infi­delity with which Prince Thomas seemed to treat with your Highness, that you must either be blind, or your own Enemy, if you do not believe, that all his Treaties with you will be of the same nature, unless he come over for the King, and wholly deceive the Spaniards.

The best and the only thing that you can do, for the advance­ment of your Affairs, is to send all the Troops you can to the Count Harcourt, without losing a moment, and use all dili­gence to promote that business. He, on his part, labours with so much Care and Expence, that he deserves to be seconded by your Highness in such an important Juncture. As for me, Madam, nothing shall be wanting, on my part, to testifie, that I am, &c.

I am glad that your Highness has given Orders for the Security of Montmeillian, in expelling Monod; he was a very dan­gerous Man in a place of that consequence.

LETTER CCXXXVI. To Monsieur de la Cour.


I Am very glad to learn, by your Express, the Passages of the Place where you are, and Madam's present Inclination to unite herself intirely to the King's Interest, and to follow the Advice which his Majesty and his Servants shall give her for her Welfare: But she has hitherto been so insensible, that I fear it is only a seeming Change in her Mind, and that she has no mind to be delivered out of the Precipice, which through her own Neglect she is fallen into, instead of doing her utmost to assist Count Harcourt in the Execution of a De­sign, in which she is principally concern'd, and to reinforce him with fresh Troops, she not only took away those which were maintained at the King's Expence, and which she was promised should be drawn off assoon as they had received the King's Money. This Negligence affects me so sensibly, that I confess I am out of Patience, and I cannot tell what Opini­on to have of Madam's Intentions after such an extravagant Trick. I conjure you to represent to her the Prejudice she does to the general Affairs, and to her own in particular, by that ill Conduct, which is enough, either to ruine the Enter­prize of Turin, or at least, to give this Advantage to the Ene­my, to take another Place without much Resistance, while [Page 264] the King's Army shall regain, with much Difficulty, that which others have lost, because they would not keep it.

Monsieur de Chavigny writes so fully, in Cyphers upon the Subject of your Express, that nothing remains, but to con­jure you to solicit Madam to do that, which Reason, and the Necessity of her Affairs together, ought to have made her have already done, that if she persevere to neglect her own Advantage, the King will take his, as Reason and the Publick Good shall require. In the mean time, be assured that I am, &c.

LETTER CCXXXCVII. To the Prince of Orange.


MOnsieur d'Estrade will acquaint you what past with us in the business of Monsieur Bouillon, in which your Highness's Intervention could not make for his Assistance. He will tell you also, how I acknowledge those advantageous Sentiments you had relating to my Sickness, and of the Troubles some turbulent Spirits would have given to his Ma­jesty's Affairs. I want Words to express my Gratitude, for the Favour you have done me on those Occasions; but I de­sire you to believe, that I will omit none, to shew you, by the Effects, that I really am, &c.

LETTER CCXXXVIII. To James, King of England. Concerning the Marriage of the P. of Wales.


THis is not the first time that I am sensible, that great Kings often conceive things according to their great [Page 265] Qualities, and not as they are in themselves; that they mag­nifie mean things by the Esteem they have of them, and those whom they honour by their Benevolence cannot be in­considerable. The Letter with which your Majesty was plea­sed to honour me, confirms me in this Truth; because it lets me see, that I have so much Merit in your Esteem, as in effect I have Admiration of those great and rare Qualities which are in you: They are, Sir, so shining, that if by the know­ledge of them I have no Advantage above the rest of the World, who may be ignorant of them; yet at least I am as­sured, that few admire them so much, and none can do it more than I. Respect has always induced me, in the Service of the King my Master, to answer your Majesty's Expectation in accomplishing the happy Alliance, projected betwixt the two Crowns. It was no difficult thing; for I satisfy'd my Desire, and did my Duty at the same time: Because that as on one side, the King never thought but of proper Conditi­ons, to give you an opportunity to oblige the Hearts of your Catholick Subjects with new Chains, which you have already gain'd; your Majesty on your part, hath of your own accord granted that, which being desired for their Good, was also principally for your Advantage. If they receive much Fa­vour from your Majesty, you will thereby gain a Glory, the more inestimable, because it will be eternal.

It is a thing, Sir, not to be at all doubted of; because, that as the first Water of a running Stream is sufficient to let us know, that its Channel is not stopt, so it is enough to know, that your Majesty, whose Bounty is inexhaustible, hath once engaged to be gracious to your Subjects, to be assured that they will receive continual Effects of your Benevolence; and consequently, your Majesty will more closely unite those Hearts which are already yours.

Heaven, without whose Concurrence, nothing can attain to Perfection, hearing the Prayers of so many Creatures who depend upon your Majesty, will unite those two Monarchies with an indissolvable Knot; that as their joint Forces have for­merly made the Levant tremble, so they will now strike Terrour in all their Enemies, and dissipate all the Efforts of those who desire to hinder that Happiness that they may effect in Chri­stendom. I beg it of God with all my Heart; and that he would bestow upon your Majesty all those Blessings, which such singular Qualities, which concur in your Person, de­serve. I am eternally, &c.

LETTER CCXXXIX. To the Prince of Wales.


THE Letter which your Highness was pleased to honour me with, is a Favour which transcends all the Bounds of my Gratitude; and, for want of Words, be pleased to let me preserve in my Soul a lively Sentiment of this Obliga­tion. In the mean time, that I may not be ingrateful, I every where proclaim those Great and Royal Qualities, which shew, that the Excellency of your Wit is equal to your illu­strious Birth. With this Sence, my Lord, I shall in some sort do my Duty, but not according to my Desire, which in matters relating to you can have no Bounds. If God had given me all those Qualifications which your Highness believes are in me, I should esteem myself very happy to employ them in your Service, to acquire your good Grace, which I will merit by the Obedience I will pay to your Commands. I am, &c.

LETTER CCXL. To the Queen of England.


BEing inform'd by Mr. Montague, of the great Desire your Majesty has of a strict Union of those two Crowns, I have so much the more endeavoured to add weight to those Proposals which he has made, that he may let you particu­larly know what was done about them, and with what Since­rity the King was pleased to receive them, and gave them a favourable Answer, according to your Desire. As for me, beside the Zeal which I have for your Majesty's Service, the particular Esteem which I have for your Person, and the no­ble [Page 267] Qualities of the King your Husband, and the Respect I have for them, make me that I never omit any thing which depends on me for your Satisfaction, which I am assur'd Mr. Montague will not fail to let you know: And as it is a matter of importance, that the King your Hu­sband be pleased to send hither an agreeable Embassa­dour, being certain that many things are frequently spoiled or advanced, according as the Ministers, who manage them, are ill or well received by the Princes with whom they are concern'd. I presume to beseech your Majesty to weigh those Considerations, because they have no other De­sign, but to promote your Service; which shall always be so particularly considered by me, that you shall be sensible with what Sincerity I am, &c.

LETTER CCXLI. To the Queen of England.


IT is the greatest Happiness that I could enjoy, to see by the Letter which your Majesty was pleased to honour me with, that you are satisfy'd with my Actions. I beseech you to believe, that they will never have any other Aim but your Service, and that which I know is agreeable to you, being sensible how I am obliged to you by several Respects and Considerations. In the mean time give me leave, if you please, to tell you, that the Negotiation of Mr. Montague is not pub­lished; But yet it was told to the Embassadour, as is usual in all States. As to what remains, your Majesty may believe, that that which is done, was not to let any other, but your Majesty, accomplish what you had so well begun, the Sieur Fontenay having no other Order, but to satisfie your Desires both in this, and all things else. This Affair would never Prosper, if, as it was begun by you, it should not be deter­mined by your Authority. As for my particular, Madam, I beseech your Majesty to do me the Honour to believe, that I will always have a great Passion for your Honour and Ser­vice, which you shall perceive upon all occasions, and all o­ther Proofs you desire, of him, who is entirely, &c.



I Deferred, for some time, to answer that Letter, which your Majesty was pleased to write to me, esteeming it more proper to let you know, by my silence, the respect I have, and will have for your Majesty all the days of my life, than to make Excuses, tho' they be very just, to your Resentments. I call them just, Madam, because I never gave room for a thought, or did any thing upon any occasion, no not in that in which your Majesty shews you are offended. I believe time will plainly demonstrate this truth to you, which I will always confirm by the most sincere effects, in all occasions which shall offer, to give you Proofs of my most humble Service. I desired Monsieur Perron to assure your Majesty of it from me, beseeching you to honour me with this belief, that I will yield to no body in the resolution to be eternally, &c.

LETTER CCXLIII. To Monsieur Poigny, Embassadour in England.


IF I had known the refusal that the Queen of Great Britain made to receive my Letter, which I had the honour to write to her by Perron, I had not presumed to have taken the same boldness as to send by you, without knowing that she was better affected to me than she is.

You will oblige me by letting her Majesty know, That I shall always so respect her Person and Quality, that she shall [Page 269] be so far from complaining of my Conduct, that she shall have cause to commend it: Upon this Consideration, I con­jure you never to mention my Name, as long as it is dis­agreeable to her; but assure her Majesty, that her Displeasure shall never hinder me from having that Zeal which I always had for her Service, and I shall esteem it a great happiness and honour to have opportunity to give her fresh Proofs of it. And, as for your particular, be assured, that I will omit none to shew you, that I am, &c.

LETTER CCXLIV. To the Queen of England.


I Think the honour of your Favour which you are pleased to assure me of, so great an happiness, that I want suffi­cient words to express my joy and sence of it. If your Ma­jesty please to remember what was done in your most tender Youth, to qualifie you for a Crown worthy of you, you will confess, I am assured, that I have forgot nothing that I ought on that Subject, to contribute to your satisfaction. I know very well, Madam, that as the generosity of Persons of your Quality doth not forget the Services that are done them, it is a kind of ineivility in those who did them, to refresh their Memory; but that which I now mention, is so agreeable to your Majesty, that you will not take it ill if I have some sa­tisfaction in that which you every day receive in the place where you are. I beseech you to believe, that I have always the same Passion for your Service that I had then; and that I can never lose it, nor will ever cease to beg of God as many Blessings for your Majesty, as you yourself can wish: All my Actions shall tend to shew you, that I am and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CCXLV. To the Queen of England.


MR. Montague having inform'd me, That your Majesty would not take it ill to receive some new Assurances of my most humble Service, I thought I should commit a great crime, if I failed to desire you to believe, that I never had any other design but to honour and serve you; and that it is impossble for me to do otherwise in times to come. Pray do me the favour to believe this Truth, because all my Actions shall confirm it far better than my Words, and that I am, and always will be, &c.

LETTER CCXLVI. To Mareschal Crequi, upon the Com­protection.


AS the King cannot be sufficiently amazed at the weak­ness, with which the Pope prohibits Cardinal Anthony from the exercise of the Comprotection, and at the want of consideration, with which Cardinal Barberini gives him this Advice: So he cannot sufficiently esteem the Sincerity and the Courage of Cardinal Anthony.

His Majesty is as well satisfied with the last, as he is dis­pleased with the two former.

Let the Pope do what he will, he can never compromise, that Cardinal Anthony should not be Comprotector of France, since he has deprived Cardinal Bentivoglio of this Charge for that purpose.

Cardinal Anthony accepted of it by the consent of his Holi­ness, without which, neither the King nor he had ever thought of that Affair; Cardinal Barberini also shew'd no dislike of it to his Brother.

The Pope may, by his Authority and Violence, hinder Cardinal Anthony, his Nephew, from the Exercise of this Charge; but as he cannot do it with Reason, he will never do it with the King's Consent, who being sensible, that the Ene­mies of St. Peter's Chair, the Pope and his Family are the Au­thors of so bad Counsel, will be pleased very much to oppose it, because of the Respect which he owes to the Church, and the Affection to his Holiness's Family; which is such, that his Majesty gives Orders to the said Embassadours to hinder any Preconisations to be made in the Consistory of the French Be­nefices, till it please his Holiness to permit Cardinal Anthony to make them in executing his Office.

The Embassadours shall give this Answer to the Pope and to Cardinal Barberini, with all Compliments imaginable; but with as much Resolution not to depart with the Comprote­ction of Cardinal Anthony.

They shall also tell Cardinal Barberini, That his Majesty would find it very strange, if he should have any Umbrage of the Comprotection of France, in the Person of Cardinal An­thony; because he only desired he should Exercise that Of­fice, to let the World know the particular Affection he has to the Pope's Family, and to have more Ways to keep the two Brothers united, when their Interests shall more require it.

They shall also particularly make known to Cardinal Anthony, the Satisfaction the King has in him, and shall give him Assu­rance of his Protection and Assistance in all things.

They shall communicate to Cardinal Bentivoglio, the Reso­lution the King takes to put an end to the Preconisation of the Consistorial Benefices, till the Pope, putting an end to the Prohibition which he has given Cardinal Anthony, repair the Injury, which, by that means, they would do France: And shall let him know, That it is not that his Majesty dislikes that he should continue to Execute the Office of Comprote­ctor, but only that he might not give this Advantage to the Spaniards, to think that France yields to their Desires.

In the mean time, if his Holiness, coming to himself, will give his Majesty that Satisfaction which Justice and Reason require, permitting Cardinal Anthony to Exercise the Fun­ctions of the Office of Comprotector, for whom it doth not seem that the Pope has lost his Cause, and the King has gained [Page 272] his; yet his Majesty thinks it good, that the Embassadours consent to this following Expedient, which is, That it be a Month before Cardinal Anthony execute the Functions of his Office in the Consistory, upon condition, that, from that mo­ment, his Holiness pass his Word to the said Embassadours, That, from that time, he shall agree, That he Execute his Office, without having a new Licence from his Holiness.

This Overture has not been made to Cardinal Bichi, that the Embassadours may be able to manage it so much the better, because they only are acquainted with it.

If the Pope is not satisfied things shall be left in the fore­mentioned condition, without any Preconisation of the French Affairs in the Consistory, yet Mareschal Crequi shall return by the way of Venice, giving his Holiness a Testimony, That the Respect his Majesty has for the Church is such, That, notwithstanding former Passages, the King has not failed to give him order to Negotiate the Pope's Affairs at Venice, as tho' his Majesty had not been disobliged. In taking leave of his Holiness, the said Mareschal, as well on the King's as his own part, shall make him all the Compliments imaginable; assuring him withal, That his Majesty will never change his Resolution concerning the Comprotection, being by no means able to endure, that any other, beside Cardinal Anthony, exer­cise that Office.


Most Holy FATHER,

AMong other Displeasures with which the Piety of the King is afflicted, as he beholds the Miseries the Church suffers, by the Division and Discord of Christian Princes, his Majesty has been sensibly dissatisfied with the evil Proceedings of some of the Spanish Ministers toward your Holiness, and with the little Respect which was paid you by one of those who are the most obliged to honour you. I cannot enough admire, that he has so far forgot himself, as to have used no­thing but Complaints, and some less decent Terms, instead of Praises and most humble Thanks, which are due to the [Page 273] singular Goodness and Wisdom of your Government. Your Holiness has always appeared so manifestly to desire the Peace of Christendom, and to appease the Differences which might trouble it, that there is no body, if he be not prejudiced with Passion, but must acknowledge, that you have omitted nothing, that you thought convenient, to promote so good a Design. If, amongst all those who are compell'd to behold this Truth, some do profess the contrary, any Man may plainly see, that it is Interest alone which makes them shut their Eyes at Ju­stice, and open their Mouths to speak against the Sentiments of their own Conscience. It seems, that God has permitted things of this nature, which are lately pass'd, that your Holi­ness may receive new Testimonies of the Zeal of the most pious and the greatest-Prince of Christendom, who will al­ways think it a singular Glory to promote your Interest, and to partake of the Cares and the good Resolutions your Holi­liness has always had for the Advancement of Religion, and the Establishment of the Publick Tranquility; to which, he thinks, it will not a little contribute, to let the World know, the Deference which is due to the Holy Chair, and to the Per­son of a Pope, of such rare and singular Vertues as your Ho­liness. As for me, most holy Father, I should think my self altogether unworthy of the Honour I have in the Church, and the Favours I receive from so vertuous a Prince, as he is, to whose Service I am devoted with all manner of respects, if I did not earnestly desire that Peace which your Holiness and his Majesty so passionately wish for Christendom, which has hitherto been disturbed by those who desire to appear contrary to one another. I hope, that God will make this Truth more manifest to the World, and that your Holiness will have reason to confess, that, as the King gladly makes use of all his Power to the Glory of God, the Good of the Church, and the Publick Tranquility, he will lose no oppor­tunity to give you Proofs of his sincere Affection for the in­terest of your Family: which, according to his Intentions, and your Holiness's Merits, I will always endeavour to pro­mote, as it is my Duty, who am, &c.


Most Holy Father,

THo' the Choice which it has pleased your Holiness to make of the Person of Monsieur Mazarin, to employ him in the Negotiation of the Affairs of Italy, makes every one conceive how capable you judged him for it: I think myself obliged to give this Testimony of him, That he has behaved himself so well, that beside the Love of all the Prin­ces with whom he has treated, which he has gained; the King also was very much satisfy'd with him: He will assure your Beatitude, of the sincere Affections his Majesty has for you, and to what degree he honours you, not only by reason of your Dignity, but also because of the great Merits of your Person. As to my particular, I most humbly beseech you to believe, that I perceive myself so inseparably united to this Duty, that all my Actions shall be so many Proofs of this Truth, and of the Zeal and inviolable Constancy, with which I am, and ever will be, &c.


Most Holy Father,

I Have this great while struggled in my self, if I ought to re­present to your Holiness the great Mischiefs which France suffers by reason of the Delays, which for some time have been made use of in the Court of Rome, in the Expedition of the Bulls of the Bishops, nominated to your Holiness by his Majesty; but at last, the Salvation of Souls, the Reputation of your Holiness, and the Fear of my being accountable to God, if I do not inform you what is said upon this Subject, [Page 275] have prevailed with me to take Pen in hand, to beseech you to prevent this great Evil.

I am sure your Holiness will judge, that it is reasonable, that you concur with the great Care that the King takes, to make choice of the best Subjects of his Kingdom to be pro­moted to Bishopricks; and that by this means, those who are designed for that Office, may make use of the Talents that God has given them, to the Salvation of Souls; he would not see by the Vineyard's side many unprofitable Labourers, because they are not introduced by him who ought to set them at work; the great Fruit that they reap, who have been lately promoted to such Offices, gives occasion to Men to complain of the Miseries of the Church, being by so much the greater, because little Obstacles stop the Current of those great Favours, which it expects from your Hands.

As the Church cannot be divided from the Authority of your Holiness, so France would not be separated from your Goodness, which she is sensible is so great towards her, that she will always think herself as assured of that for which she is purely dependent, as of that which she may expect from Justice. It has always been an ancient Custom of France, to take Informations of the Life and Manners of Men before the Bishops. The King might pretend, that they ought to re­main in those Terms. But if the Desire that he has to shew, that he will pay to the Holy Chair as much Deference as he can, without diminishing the Rights and Dignities of the Crown, induce him not to hinder, that those nominated to Bishopricks, who shall have more Conveniency to take In­formations before the Nuncio's of your Holiness, may make use of this Liberty, provided that those, who, according to the ancient Custom of the Realm, shall be invested before French Bishops, may obtain their Bulls as readily, as tho' they they had applied themselves to your Nuncio's. Your Holiness shall have that, which your Predecessors never ob­tained of those who have hitherto possessed the Crown, al­though they have wink'd at it upon certain occasions; as the singular Virtues which were remarkable in your Person, while you were in this Kingdom, cannot be blotted out of our Memory. I am also certain, that your Holiness doth so well remember what you saw practic'd there, that you need but have recourse to your Zeal, to promote the Welfare of France; the Knowledge that you have of what has been always obser­ved there, is sufficient to make you acknowledge the Justice of her Desires. If you consider also, that Informations made [Page 276] before French Bishops, cannot be refused, without doing a no­table Prejudice to the Court of Rome, who could not receive them without judging of their Probity, which was so well known, that there was no room to doubt of the Validity of what pass'd before them. I am sure, that Mens Souls will speedily receive of you that Assistance which they hope for; and that your Holiness, by opening the Mouths of those who expect that Liberty to instruct the People, which is altogether necessary, shall stop theirs, who cannot but complain of the Difficulties which have hindred them from receiving the Ef­fects of your Power and Goodness. This is that which I beg of you in all Humility, desiring of God that he would add many Years to your Life, many Blessings to your House, and as much Happiness to your Person, as is desired by, &c.

P. S. As I take the boldness to write to your Holiness upon a Subject which concerns the Salvatiou of Souls, of which you have a particular Care, I am assured, that you will not take it ill, that I have taken the liberty of writing to Cardinal Barberini upon another Subject, which is of very great Importance to the Church, to the Peace of Chri­stendom, and to the Grandeur and Safety of your Fa­mily.

LETTER CCL. To Cardinal Anthony, upon his send­ing him a Diamond Cross, and a Di­amond Box, with the King's Pi­cture in it.


THE King being informed, that those who have always envied his Happiness, and who have no true Love for your Family; forgetting nothing that may give you Trou­ble, and make you bear the Cross upon his Account, com­manded me to send you one as a Present from him, to let all [Page 277] the World know, that he cannot endure, that for his sake you bear any other than what comes from him, whose Weight will not be troublesom; and because it is not only upon this occasion, but upon all others which may happen, that his Majesty pretends to ease you of all the Pains and Sorrows with which you are afflicted. He desired you also to receive this Picture from his own Hand, believing that your Eminence, being fortified by his Shadow alone, will be able to resist all the Enemies of your Family, against whom he will very glad­ly use all his Power upon all occasions which may present for your Advantage. I obey this Command with so much the more Satisfaction, because I am, and always will be, &c.

LETTER CCLI. To Cardinal Barbarini.


THE Joy that I have for the good Understanding be­twixt his Holiness and his Majesty, will not suffer me to be silent; and I think I should be wanting to myself, if I should fail to testifie it to your Eminence: That Moment that this Letter shall come to your Hands, it will give you a par­ticular Proof of my Affection, and Desire of the Welfare of your Family, whose Interest you hazard so much by the De­lay of the Promotion, that I could not but inform you of it. I do not consider this Affair by the Misery which may happen by the Death of his Holiness, (to whom I earnestly desire length of Days) because the greatness of the Loss you would have by the Death of so good an Uncle, stifles in my Thought the Consideration of all its Consequences. You must be blind not to see, that this shaking of your House would be a Fore­runner of its Ruine; but you lose so much from this very Moment, by not making the Promotion, and fail to take Ad­vantages so important for you, and the Church, that it is impossible to conceive the Reasons which have retarded it hi­therto. Those who envy the Grandeur of your Family, and desire its Depression, have this Satisfaction, to live in hope to see that which they desire, to your Disadvantage; and instead of fearing your Eminence, if this Promotion were made, you [Page 278] give them opportunity to despise you, by the Belief that you will not lay hold upon an occasion, which may put you in a Condition, not only not to fear them, but to have no need of them; my Endeavours after the Interests of France, which are dearer to me than my own Life, would not permit me to give you this Counsel, after the execution of which, you may have less Consideration for the Crowns; because you would not have so much need of them, if the Interests of the Church, and all Christendom, which the King prefers before his own, did not concur with yours. The Ambition of the Spaniards is too well known to the whole World, not to dis­cern, that they have no other Design, than not only to make Popes which may be favourable to them, but who may so ab­solutely depend on them, as to consider the Desires of Spain as the Rule of the Actions of the Holy Chair; and you are too quick-sighted as not to see, that if you do not fill those many Vacancies in the Consistory, you will not be strong enough to hinder them from obtaining their Ends; by con­sequence of which, the Church will be involved in a Servitude both shameful and intolerable, if the Contempt that you have of yourself, hinders you from a due Consideration of an Affair of so great Moment to your Family: The Publick Interests do not suffer you to do so, the Peace of Christendom, the Glory of God, and the Liberty of his Church, oblige you, upon pain of answering before the Tribunal of Heaven, to contribute your utmost to their Advantage, seeing there are no Reasons able to counterpoise those powerful Conside­rations. I cannot imagine that you surmize, that the Sub­jects nominated by the Crowns are not agreeable, both be­cause I know, and dare answer, that those who apply them­selves to France, will passionately embrace the Interests of your Family; and that though they should not do it, this Consideration is too weak to divert them from so important a matter. In a word, my Lord, the matter in dispute, is, so to secure the Establishment of your House, that it may not be shaken, or fall into Contempt or Ruiune.

The matter in dispute, is, Either to leave Christendom in Confusion, or to put yourself in a Capacity effectually to pro­mote its Peace, instead of being contented with insignificant Wishes for so good Ends: The matter in dispute, is, Either to abandon the Church of God, or to recover, and confirm at the same time, its Renown and Grandeur. Whereas now, those who envy your Happiness, from their Height look down upon you: This Promotion will be no sooner made, but they [Page 279] will be compell'd to lift up their Eyes, to see you in a Condi­tion very different from your former; whereas many judge by Appearances, which often deceive, that there is Blind­ness or Weakness in your Conduct: Blindness, if you do not see the Condition you are in, and Weakness and an aban­doning of yourself, if you will not make use of those Reme­dies which you have in your Power: Some will commend your Prudence, others will admire your Power, and you will be esteemed by all Men for your Ability in securing your For­tune, and the Interests of the Church, which are much dearer to you than your own. If any one blame me, be­cause I think I see a-far off, which they think your Eminence doth not judge to be so nigh; give me leave to say, That the Publick and your Interests are always so present, and so much affect me, that Paris is not so far from Rome, but I can see clearly what Matters of Importance happen in both places. I know very well, that his Holiness's Chair is the Seat of Wisdom, principally in the Life of so great a Pope. But as it is with Men in that which most concerns them, as with those who cannot see, because they are dazled with the Light which is too nigh them, I am sure your Eminence will par­don me, if I presume in this thing to be so clear-sighted, as to conjure you to prefer my Sentiments, before those which you esteem to have had hitherto. I conjure you, by the Care which you ought to have, that the succeeding Actions of his Holiness answer the Lustre of those that are past; so that it is with the Judgments of the World, as with those of God, who judges Men by their last Actions: Men would not esteem the Life of so great a Pope, being destitute of Wisdom; because this Virtue would seem not to have been the Motive of his last Thoughts. Finally, I conjure you, by the Desire you have to prolong the Pope's Days, whose Life probably will be the more assured, the greater cause of Contentment it shall have; which I wish him so heartily, that I beg of God an ample Effusion of his Blessings upon his whole House, and upon your Person, to whom I am, &c.

LETTER CCLII. To Cardinal Barberini.


TAking the boldness to write to our holy Father, upon the account of Mareschal D'Estre, the interest that I know you have with his Holiness, makes me take Pen in hand to conjure you, to consider the Merit of this Affair, and the Consequences which it may produce; and, upon this consideration, to manage it with his Beatitude, so as may satisfie the King's desires: And, tho' I do not doubt but his Holiness, approving of the Reasons which I make bold to re­present to him in my Letter, will pass by those which have hitherto hindred him to give him this satisfaction; I promise myself, that he will the more easily agree to it, when he shall be fortified by your good Offices, which I beseech you to contribute, upon this occasion, in which not only the in­terest of his Holiness is concern'd, but that of his whole House, of which the King will always have as great care, as of his own; the particular knowledge that I have of this truth, makes me give you a firm assurance of it: Be pleased there­fore firmly to believe it, since the Proofs that his Majesty will give in all Occurrences to the advantage of his Holiness and his Relations, will better confirm the certainty of it, than my words, which I only make use of at present, to conjure you to believe, that I am, &c.

LETTER CCLIII. To Victor Amedeus, Duke of Savoy.


THe Sieur de St. Michael will give your Highness a parti­cular Account of what pass'd at the taking of Privas, which, on the eighth day after the Trenches were opened, was carried on so briskly, that they were forced to surrender upon discretion. I thought it my Duty to inform you, That, during the Siege, we surprized some Letters, which Clausel, who is with your Highness, writ to Monsieur de Rehen, to de­sire him to do Miracles against the King, because of the great hopes he has of Assistance from your Parts. You may, Sir, very well imagine, that we desire, that the good Understand­ing betwixt the King and you may be continued, that those Negotiations may not be at your Court by Persons who are in your power. His Majesty has, at present, one of the Bro­thers of the said Clausel in his hands; he was taken in Privas. He has been so kind to him, that, as yet, he is not punished according to his Merits. As to what remains, I promise my self, that the Affection which you have for Madam, will in­fluence you to give her satisfaction about the Affair of Pomeuse, as I have formerly desired your Highness, and do yet repeat my Desires, by these Lines, conjuring you to believe, that, as to my particular, I will have such Sentiments of it, as you may expect from, &c.

LETTER CCLIV. To the Same.


I Am particularly obliged to your Highness for the favour you were pleased to do me, in sending Count Scarnasis to give me a Visit, and to assure me of your Good-will. I al­ways promised myself, that I should find in you that dispo­tion which you testifie you have in the King's satisfaction, and that you will shew him the Effects of it upon the present Oc­casion. So I desired you to believe, that you may be assured of his Majesty's Affections, and of all those of his House: And, as to my particular, I will serve you to my utmost. I have particularly made known to the said Count Scarnasis, my earnest Desires of the Peace, not only of Italy, but of all Christendom: To which I will gladly contribute all that may reasonably be expected from a Person, who really is, &c.

LETTER CCLV. To Victor Amedeus, Duke of Savoy.


I Was very glad to hear News of your Highness, by the Sieur d'Inchamp, who assuring me of your good Health, confirm'd in me the belief of your Affection to the King's Service: And, as an Answer to what you were pleased to write, I tell you, that the sincerity of the King's Intentions is such, that, as yet, it hath had no other design in the Affairs of Italy, than to deliver the Duke of Mantua from his Perse­cutions, in a mild and loving way: He has long hoped for this happiness; but the Delays of Spain, and the several Puttings-off which happened in all the Passages of this Affair, having [Page 283] given him great reason to believe, that the Enemies of the Duke of Mantua were pleased to speak of an Agreement and Peace with a design to do neither, he is resolved to send me into Italy, as the fore-runner of himself, with a considerable Army; and he has given me such precise Orders, that I have not the liberty of changing them: The first is, To lose no time. Which makes me desire you, quickly, to open the Ma­gazines of Savoy, according to the Promise you made to Ma­reschal Crequi, that the King's Army may begin to pass the 25th of this Month. His Majesty will be obliged by it; and I, in particular, who am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CCLVI. To the Princess of Piedmont.


YOur Highness honours me a thousand times more than I deserve, in vouchsafing to send me a Visit by the Sieur Morguenay, to testifie your Joy at my arrival in those Parts. I want fit words to be able to express my sense of this Favour, which I acknowledge I only owe to your Goodness; I do not doubt but you'll honour me with the continuation of your Good-will, your Candour being so great, that I look upon all your Words as infallible. You will also believe, I am certain, that I will forget nothing which may merit so great an Ho­nour, which I esteem according to its quality; having un­derstood, by the Letters which it pleas'd your Highness to write to me, by the Sieur de l'Isle, and afterward by Mareschal Crequi, that you are pleased, that I should have the honour of seeing you; and that you would communicate to me some Particulars, which you do not think convenient to trust in Writing: Now, that I may satisfie your Will, and my Desire and Duty altogether, I will not fail to send to you, by the Ma­reschal de Crequi, or the Sieur de l'Isle, the means which I think proper to attain to this end. In the mean time, I de­sire you to be assured, that no Man is more faithful to you than myself, who will always give you such clear Proofs of this truth, that you will have reason to confess me to be sincerely that which I am, &c.

LETTER CCLVII. To the Same, from Pignerol.


ALl manner of Respect and Duty obliges me to seek an occasion by these Lines, to give your Highness new Testimonies of the Passion which I always will have for your Service, and of my Obedience; and also to inform you, that I am departing hence to meet the King at Lions, where he commands me to wait upon him. I think it also my Duty to tell you, Ma [...]am, That I understand, that his Majesty's intentions are not foreign to a Peace; which may be conclu­ded, if it be desired, upon reasonable Terms: And, if it be, his Majesty desires, that your Highness would send him the Approbation of the House of Savoy. The Zeal that I know you have to promote this Affair, will make me gladly contri­bute toward it, according to my small ability, by the per­formance of those things which his Majesty desires for your satisfaction and advantage. I will assure the King, and the Queen-mother, of the tender Affection your Highness has for their Persons, and of your Displeasure of all those Passages; in which I beseech God to be your Comfort, who often suf­fers Afflictions for a good end. I will never have any other, but to shew you, by all manner of Proofs, that I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CCLVIII. To the Princess of Piedmont.


I Have receiv'd the Letter which your Highness was pleased to honour me with, about the Death of the Duke of Savoy, and the desire that you have of a lasting Peace in Italy. I de­sire [Page 285] you to believe that the King has no less mind to it, but he desires it may be firm, reasonable, and honourable, in which the Queen-Mother, and all their Majesties Servants have the like Sentiments. As to my particular, I would contribute my utmost to this end, but those with whom we have to do, are so far from it at present, that they have depriv'd us of all hopes of it; but let what will happen, I will always honour your Highness, as it is my duty, and will testifie to you that I am more concern'd for your Interest than mine own, having no greater passion than that to serve you, and to let you know by real effects that I am as much as can be, &c.

LETTER CCLIX. To the Same.


I Will not omit this opportunity of assuring your Highness of the continuation of my most humble Service, of which I shall always think myself happy to be able to give you proofs upon all occasions: I do not write to you my unhappiness, by incurring the Queen-Mother's displeasure; because you may have learn'd it some other way. I only beseech you to believe, that that shall not hinder me from preserving the memory of your Obligations as long as I live, and that I will serve you up­on all occasions with all the fidelity that you may expect from a Creature wholly devoted to your Interest. As to what con­cerns your Highness, Madam, you may be certain that I will honour you, and will always have as great a care of your ad­vantage, as can be desired from, &c.

LETTER CCLX. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


I Cannot express to your Highness my extream joy at the accomodation of Affairs in Italy, for the general good of Christendom, and particularly, to your own and the Duke of Savoy's satisfaction. It is long since I earnestly desir'd to see things in the condition they are now in, for which I praise God with all my heart; and tho' I do not at all doubt, but that things were manag'd by his Inclination, as you are plea­sed to write; it is also certain, that your Perswasions were very efficacious to this purpose: which is the reason, that by the consent of the whole world, you merit more Glory, than my Pen is able to express: He will reap this advantage by it, That renewing a sincere and good understanding with the King, he will receive all the testimonies of affection which he may ex­pect of his Majesty; and you, Madam, all the marks of that singular esteem which he has for your Person, and of that tender love he has had for you many years. As for my parti­cular, I beseech you to believe, that I will always advance at his Court your Highness's Interest as much as you can desire, and will give you, upon all occasions, such clear proofs of the passion with which I honour you, and desire to serve you, that you shall have no reason to doubt of it: In the mean time, be pleas'd to give me leave to tell you, that Mr. d' He­mery having inform'd me, that the Duke of Savoy has assured, that he will be satisfy'd as to matters relating to his house. I will diligently endeavour that the King shall give him all possi­ble instances which may tend to his satisfaction, desiring to shew you upon this occasion, as in all others, that that which concerns you, shall be equally regarded as my own life; all my actions shall confirm this truth, and that which I now de­clare in subscribing, &c.

LETTER CCLXI. To the Same.


IF I were able to express the passion which I have, and will have as long as I live for your Highness, I do not at all doubt, but you would believe it as sincere as you can de­sire it, of that Man who honours and respects you to the high­est degree imaginable; and till time, and my actions shall make this truth appear, give me leave to tell you, that if that which Mr. Mazarin, and the Count de Druent have told me, of the Duke of Savoy's Affection to the King, be real, as I do not at all doubt; I dare boldly assure him, that he will be very well satisfy'd with his Highness, promising him, that I will for­get nothing which may depend upon me to serve him with all possible diligence, in things which may be the most useful to him: I always have had a particular esteem for the Duke of Savoy, and believed, that by appyling himself altogether to France, he may do miracles, being a Man of resolution in all his undertakings. I am yet possess'd with the same thought to that degree, that I do not at all despair of many good Events, if his Highness be no more so unresolv'd, as I have ob­serv'd him to be, before he engages in any Design, and if he will despise small Interests, to which he applys himself to that degree, that we cannot procure him great ones as we desire. I am assur'd your Highness will pardon me that I speak so free­ly, because I do it to serve you, seeing plainly, that now is the time to have a good Union betwixt the King and the Duke of Savoy, or else we must never expect it; and I think I do my duty, in informing you what may be done, in contributing my utmost to satisfie your desires. The King has most expresly commanded the Mareschal d' Effiat, to give you good Bills of Assignment for your Pension; as also to the Cardinal of Savoy, whom I will serve the more willingly, because I see, by one of your Letters, that you are very well satisfy'd with him, desiring to make it appear in every thing; that con­cerns you, or wherein I may please you, that I am, and ever will be, &c.



I Have receiv'd the Letter with which your Highness was pleas'd to honour me by Mr. Mazarin, and was particu­larly inform'd by him, what your Highness thought good he should impart to me; I have not words fit to express my Gra­titude and Obligations to you, for that Favour that you are pleas'd to give a testimony of your Confidence in me, assu­ring you, that you can have it in no body who will more en­deavour to deserve it. In the mean time, give me leave, if you please, to tell you, That you had very good reason to judge that I would have no great pity of the Evil that troubles you; because, if it ends, as I earnestly desire, to your satisfacti­on, it may prove an unspeakable Blessing: The Passion which I have for all your Concerns, makes me hope a Happy Success; yet if I were deceiv'd in my belief, I will not be so in that which I have, that being always like yourself, you will bear this Accident with the same Constancy, as you have done that other Affliction upon the same Occasion, with the hopes of being one day most happy: I promise myself so much from God's goodness, that he will not only defend you from real Evils, but from the very fear of them: I beg it of him with all my heart, desiring your Highness to believe, that I will have no greater Satisfaction in the World, than when I can demonstrate to you more and more by my Services, that no body is equal to me in the Passion with which I am, and ever will be, &c.



HAving seen by a Letter, which it pleased your Highness to honour me with, the belief that some body has done you some bad Offices in our Parts, I take my Pen in hand to desire you not to be concern'd on that account; because no­thing can be spoken of any thing relating to you, but what must really turn to your advantage: Therefore pray let your Mind be at ease as to that matter, and think only of what may af­ford you satisfaction, being certain that you shall be seconded by France according to your desire, and particularly by me, who will always esteem your Interest more than my own, since I am, and ever will be, &c.



THE Sieur Bernet has given me the Letter with which your Highness was pleas'd to honour me, and has com­municated to me your belief, which is of no small considera­tion; I cannot be sufficiently amazed at the evil disposition of the Princess of Carignan, and at the scandalous Discourse which is reported she makes use of to your Prejudice: I will not conceal that some Noise of it has reach'd the King's Ears. I omitted nothing of my Duty to let him know the Falshood of such Calumnies, which have no bad impression upon his mind. I confess, Madam, That those who will be glad to advantage themselves by blemishing your Virtue, strive to colour their Calumnies with so many circumstances, that they [Page 290] have no foundation; yet they have some false appearance in their malice, and I should not be your Highness's Servant to that degree that I pretend to be, if by my Obedience to what you are pleas'd to command, to write to you what I think proper for your Service. I did not tell you, that the first and principal thing you ought to do, in my Opinion, is, so to de­port yourself, that your Enemies may not be able to misinter­pret any of your Actions: It will be, Madam, a very easie thing, and by that means, you will prevent that at any time none do you any bad Office with the Duke of Savoy; and this Proceeding will be no small help to the King, in the Design which he has always had to assist you upon all Occasions. This being done, Madam, as I do not at all doubt of it, because it wholly depends upon you, your Highness need be afraid of nothing, let the Endeavours of your Enemies against you be never so powerful.

I am of your Highness's mind, That the Designs of those who would blemish your Virtues by their railings, have a fur­ther tendancy than at first sight they seem to have; but I hope God will preserve your Husband longer than those Men; and I can assure you, that if ever Spain, by any ones Instigation howsoever, undertake any thing against him, your Highness, and the Children that it has pleas'd God to give you both, that the King will protect you so powerfully, that she shall receive nothing but shame by her Enterprize. It is in this, Madam, that I am Oblig'd to serve you as I am in Duty bound, assuring you, that I should think it a great Honour to pass the Mountains once more, to give you a Testimony of the Passion I always had for yours, and the Duke of Savoy's Service; who, I am certain, will be unmindful of nothing which may be expected from his good Conduct, to invite his Majesty to give him his Protection, and the other Effects of his Benevolence. I will not conceal from your Highness, that many have thought that the Retreat of Prince Thomas into the King of Spain's Do­minions was concerted with him; but I can assure you, that the King never believ'd it, neither did it enter into any of their thoughts, who have the Honour to Serve him. I do not at all doubt, but that there will be a better Understanding betwixt his Majesty, and your Highness's, than ever: It is that which I desire with all my heart, and the means to make it appear that I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CCLXV. To the Duke of Savoy.


I Have receiv'd the Letter which your Highness was pleas'd to Write by Count Lumiane, upon a Subject of which I have nothing to say, but that I contributed something to Mon­sieur's return into this Kingdom, as you esteem him. I have done nothing in this but according to the King's Inclinations, who is so well dispos'd to those who concern him, that it is impossible to express it. I give a thousand thanks to your Highness, for the Testimonial you were pleas'd to give me upon this Subject, beseeching you to believe; that you shall be sensible by my Affection and Service upon all Occasions, that I am, &c.



IT would be a Crime in me, to defer any longer to testifie my extraordinary satisfaction at the Glory which you have acquired by the Victory, with which it pleas'd God to bless your Arms in those Parts.

I do not represent to you the King's sence of it, because you may better discover it by a Letter which his Majesty has writ upon that Subject, than I can express it in these Lines. I will satisfie myself only to tell you, that he promises himself, that your Highness will so advantageously manage all Opportu­nities, which you shall esteem Profitable for the common Cause, that you will advance your Affairs to the highest De­gree [Page 292] that may be expected from your Valour and Prudence together; this, Sir, as to my particular, I passionately desire, both for his Majesty's and your own Reputation. I am, &c.

LETTER CCLXVII. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


THE King, making no distinction betwixt your High­ness's and his own Servants, commanded me to send to your Highness two Briefs of Marechax de Camp in his Army, and two others of Pensions for the Count de Verrue, and the Marquess de Ville, that they may receive them by your hands. I also send you by his Majesty's Order, two blank Briefs for Pensions, which you may fill up with their Names whom you judge most worthy, and whom you know to be best affected to his Majesty, and your Highness. In this, as in all other things, you may see the esteem that the King has for your Person, and the desire I have according to his Intentions, to manifest to you what Zeal I have for what concerns the Advantage of your Highness, to whom I am, &c.

LETTER CCLXVIII. To the Duke of Savoy.


IT is needless to represent to your Highness the concerns I have for the mascarriage of the Siege of Valence, and that which followed, because you may easily conceive it both by my Passion for the welfare of the King's and your Highness's Affairs, and by the desire I always had to see his Majesty's Arms profi [...]er under your Conduct. I will only tell you, that the King is so well satisfy'd with your Proceedings in this Jun­cture, and has such an entire Confidence in your Affection [Page 293] and Sincerity, that nothing can be more. His Majesty sends express Orders to Mareschal Crequi not only to have a defe­rence for your Sentiments, but entirely to follow your Inten­tions and Resolutions, so I do not doubt but that things for the future being thus manag'd, you will re-establish the Affairs of Italy as well as ever, and by consequence, your Prudence and Courage will produce Effects very advantageous for the common good. I earnestly desire it, Sir, not only for the King's Service, but for the particular Glory of your Highness. I am, &c.

LETTER CCLXIX. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


IT is not necessary that I represent to your Highness my ex­tream Satisfaction, at the Advantage which the Arms, com­manded by the Duke of Savoy in Italy, have gained over the Enemies in the last Battle, which happened at the Post of Thesim, because it will be easie for you to conceive it by the Passion I have, and always will have, for the King's and your Highness's Service; Neither do I take Pen in hand for this purpose, but only to let you know the ineffable Joy his Ma­jesty received thereby, which proceeds not so much from the Reputation which this Action gives to his Affairs, as from the Honour, and the Glory, which his Highness has acquir'd upon this occasion; in which, truly, he has omitted nothing which might be expected from his Prudence, his Valour, and Courage. A Fortnight ago I took the Boldness to write to your Highness, that considering the Duke of Savoy might have need of some Supply, for the Expence he is ob­liged to, I would endeavour to obtain him one of the King, the first time I should have the Honour to see him; now, that I might keep my Promise, and satisfie my Desire together, I laid hold upon the Opportunity of the good News of the Suc­cess in Italy, to make the Proposal to his Majesty, who, not­withstanding the great Affairs he has now in hand, has chear­fully granted him three hundred thousand Livres, of which I shall give to our Embassadour good Bills of Assignment, all [Page 294] payable within the Year. I will be very diligent in this mat­ter, desiring to give your Highness a Testimony, that not on­ly upon this occasion, but upon any other, wherein your In­terest and Satisfaction are concern'd, you are more dear to me than my Life, and that I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CCLXX. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


I Cannot express to you my Resentment of the Injury the Cardinal of Savoy has done himself, by running counter to his Duty, and your Intentions, without any Reason. It is true, that his Levity and Inconstancy will be blamed by the whole World. But that which vexes me most, is, the mis­chievous Design that he and Prince Thomas may have for your Prejudice; the King has so much tenderness to your High­ness, that he can never promise you any Assistance, but he is better than his Word. I can assure you, that upon all Occa­sions, and at all times, I will forget nothing that may depend upon me, not truly for your own Service, but for all theirs who belong to you; beseeching you to believe, that tho' I have always hitherto been your Servant as much as may be, I am now doubly so: The King is very much assured of the Fidelity of the Duke of Savoy. I will gladly be his Caution upon this, or any other Article. The Count of St. Morice has spoke to me about an Honour, which your Highness de­signs to bestow upon me, of which I think myself so unwor­thy, that I dare not so much as think of it. Those are Proofs of your excessive Bounty, which oblige me more and more to be what I am, &c.



I Cannot sufficiently praise God for the happy Deliverance of your Highness from the Pains and Perils of Childbirth, and for the new Blessing which he is pleased to add to your Family, nor testifie to you my particular Joy for it. I make no Answer to that which concerns the Design that your Highness is pleased to have upon this occasion relating to me; because it is so much above me, that I can but commend your Bounty from whence it proceeds; and desire to be so happy, as to be able to declare my Sence of it, words being not capable to express it. I will endeavour to supply that Defect by the best Services I am able to do you, to let you see, that no body is equally yours, as is, &c.



I Think it needless to declare to your Highness my Grief for the Duke of Savoy's Sickness, and that your Knowledge of the Zeal and Passion I have always had for both your Persons, is sufficient to make you conceive to what degree it is. I will only tell you, Madam, that the King was sensibly affected with the News; and the same Hour he heard it, he dispatched this Gentleman to let you know his Concerns for it, and to bring back the Conditions of his Health, for which he is in much Pain. I do not tell you, Madam, the Tenderness and Af­fection, which it pleases his Majesty to declare to me he has for you upon account of this Sickness; because, besides that the Embassadour will not fail to make it known to you; as [Page 296] also, what we esteem proper for your Highness's Service in this Juncture. I am sure you do not doubt, but they are such as you desire. I will only assure you by these Lines, That if the Duke of Savoy should unfortunately dye, which I hope God of his Mercy will prevent, the King will omit nothing that may depend upon his Power and Authority to protect your Highness, and to hinder that those, who are Enemies of your Peace, and have always envied your Virtue, be not able to do you any Harm. As to my particular, Madam, I beseech your Highness to believe, That I will always esteem myself extreamly happy, to employ the Remainder of my Life, to second his Majesty's Intentions for your Advantage; and to let you know, by my Actions and Services, that no body doth, and will honour you with more Sincerity than myself; nor is more truly what I always will be, &c.

LETTER CCLXXIII. To the Dutchess of Savoy.


AS our Affliction is unparalell'd, so my Sorrow is ineffa­ble. I confess I was so surprized with this Misfor­tune, which has happened not only to your Highness, but to all Christendom, that nothing but God can give me any Comfort. It is from his Hand, Madam, that I expect your Highness will receive Consolation, and from him alone; so great a Distemper must have no less a Physician. The King, who will always look upon your Interests as his own, is ex­treamly afflicted with this Accident. You will receive what­ever you may expect from his Benificence, assuring you, Ma­dam, that he will, upon this occasion, do more for your Highness than for himself. As for me, Madam; be pleased to put me at the Head of all your most zealous Servants, who always take most Care of your Concerns, and who will omit nothing which they think may contribute to your Prospe­rity, &c.



THe more your Enemies strive to publish their mischie­vous Designs against your Person, the more doth the Zeal which I have always had for your Highness's Service augment; and I hope I shall be happy enough to find out some opportunity to give you new Proofs of it, and by the same means discover to you, the Designs of those who do not love your Highness, and who desire to disturb your Peace, are disappointed; yet this matter depends upon your High­ness's Conduct, and the stout and good Resolutions which you shall take at your Entrance upon the Government, to maintain your Authority, and to prevent the Mischiefs which your Enemies would do you. I pray your Highness to believe, that the King will prevent it with all his Power; and that, as to my particular, I honour you, and will not omit my ut­most to second his Majesty's Sentiments to your Advan­tage; and to let you know at the same time, that as your Highness has no Subject, over whom you have a more abso­lute Power than myself, so you have none, who more really is, and will be, &c.



I Cannot sufficiently commend the Care which Monsieur d'Hemery writes your Highness will have of your Affairs, and that Prudence by which you distinguish betwixt good and bad Servants. I could never have believ'd that which you were pleased to discover of him, of the Intentions of Fa­ther [Page 298] Monod. I do not much value his mischievous Designs, which your Highness acknowledges he has against France, and those who have the Honour to serve the King: But I am so concern'd at that, which his Behaviour made your Highness take notice of, that he has against your Person, and your Children, that it is impossible to express it. I am under a perpetual Apprehension of the continual Danger your High­ness is exposed to, having such a turbulent Spirit nigh you, and the Mischief he may do you, which may happen in an instant, without any possibility of a Remedy, if it be not pre­vented. I confess I cannot be at Ease, till I know your Highness has put in Execution the good Resolutions that Mon­sieur d'Hemery tells me you have taken, to secure your Estate, your Person, and your Children; the King desiring nothing so much, as to give you a Testimony of the extraordinary Passion he has for you, cannot be more afflicted, than to see you in a Condition of receiving no Advantage by his Prote­ction. Beside, the Letter which he has wrote to your High­ness, he has particularly commanded me to declare his Sen­timents upon this occasion. I have so enlarged to Monsieur d'Hemery, that it is superfluous to say any more. Your High­ness will be pleased to believe what he shall say upon this Subject; and also, that no Man honours you more than I, who desire your Welfare, your Grandeur, and the Advantage of your Children, as much as yourself; all my Actions shall confirm this Truth, and that I am, &c.



THE Extremity of your Affairs makes me take Pen in Hand, to tell you in a few Words, That you can take no other Method for your Safety, than what the King's Em­bassadours have proposed to you, concerning the depositing some Places in Piedmont: As a Man must be extraordinary wicked, to desire to reap any other Advantage thereby, than yours and your Son's Safery, and the Re-establishment of your States; so, unless you be blind, you cannot but see, that [Page 299] this is the only Remedy. There is no other that can preserve you from Ruine.

Your Highness will give me leave to tell you, That the bad State of your Affairs do not suffer you to be unresolved at a Juncture, wherein every Moment is inestimable; and Ne­cessity and Reason so agree together, that the first commands what the other advises. If you despise the Counsel that I give you, you will know the Profit of it, when you cannot enjoy the Effects of it; and if, by following it, your High­ness do not find it good, I agree that you cry me down in the World, and make me pass for what I am not. It is your part, Madam, to have a care not to be amused by the Spaniards; as sick Men, who in the Intermissions of a Fever, think they are absolutely cured. But to imitate the Physi­cians, who make use of that time to prevent succeeding Fits, the Wisdom which God has given your Highness will so plain­ly manifest to you, that your Interest is the only Motive which makes me speak after this manner; and not doubting of the good Resolution you will take, nothing remains, but to assure you, that I will never change that of being, &c.



THE Count of Cameran, who is returning to your High­ness, will particularly tell you the Passion with which I will serve you upon the present occasion. I conjured him to beseech you, by the Consideration of your own Interest, not to suffer yourself to be ensnared by the Artifices of the Spaniards, who have no other Design, than to delude all those with whom they treat with fair Appearance. I always apprehended that which I now perceive from their Malice, and have often represented it to those who belong'd to your Highness. I hope their wicked Designs will not have the in­tended Effect; at least, I can assure you, Madam, that the King will omit nothing, which may depend upon his Power, to defeat them; and that, if the Zeal which I always had for your Highness's Service were capable of Augmentation, it [Page 300] should now be redoubled, to shew you, upon this occasion, as upon all others, I really am, &c.



THis Letter is only to tell your Highness, that Experience having inform'd you, that the Advice which you have hitherto taken, was the best that could be to advance your Enemies Affairs, and to ruine your own. Nothing now re­mains to be done to save yourself, but quickly to take away contrary to what you have hitherto taken: If the Advice I give you, may be any way prejudicial to you, I myself desire you not to f [...]llow it: But if it be the only remaining Means to preserve you from utter Ruine, which your Enemies will endeavour to make shameful, you must be deprived of that Wisdom God has given you, if you do not embrace those Overtures made to you by the King's Embassadours. It is not time for Deliberation; nothing now remains, but to execute a good Resolution, which alone can defend your Life, and the remainder of your Son the Duke of Savoy's States, and your Liberty altogether. I beseech you to behave yourself so, that I may be found a better Physician than a Prophet. I have been one of them but too much, in your Highness's Con­cerns, to my great Sorrow. I dare take upon me, tho' your Distemper be very dangerous, to be the other, if you are wil­ling, as I conjure you, for your own sake, who am, &c.



AS I have no greater Passion, than to make known to your Highness that which I have for your Service, I can receive no greater Joy, than to understand, by the Let­ters with which you are pleased to honour me, that the Te­stimonies which I endeavour to give you of it, are agree­able and satisfactory; beseeching you to believe, that as to my particular, I shall always be so, when I can be serviceable in any thing; and that, as your Interests are as dear to me as the King's, I will omit no Opportunity of managing them according as you yourself can desire, as I have particularly declared to your Embassadour. I do not represent to you my Joy for the taking of Coni, because, you being sensible of my Zeal for the Prosperity and the Advantage of the King's, and your Highness's Affairs, which are conjoin'd, you will judge what it was: I will only tell you, that I hope, by God's Goodness, that this good Success will make way for others, which will be no less advantageous to you. I wish it with all my Heart, and your Highness to believe, that I ever will be, &c.



I Do not doubt, but your Highness, in what concerns me, has taken that part which you were pleased to testifie, both by the Letters with which you have honoured me, and by your Embassadour; for which Reason, I give you all the Thanks which your Goodness requires. I do not send to you for what Reasons the King secured the Person of Monsieur Bouillon, because you will particularly have them some other way. I will only tell you, that it being confidently reported to us, that he thought to prevail with your Highness to favour his mischievous Designs. I should think myself extreamly obliged to you, if you would do me the Favour to impart the Discourse he had with you upon that Subject, and how far you could penetrate into his Intentions. While I expect News from your Highness, I will tell you, that tho' there is much Fault to be found with the Treaty of Accommodation made with your Brothers-in-law, yet the Desire the King has always had to procure the Tranquility of your Son's States, by teaching those Princes their Duty, is the Reason that his Majesty, in my Opinion, will pass by that Consideration, to testifie more and more, that there is nothing that he will not do for your Sake. As to my particular, Madam, I beseech your Highness to believe, that I will always contribute to your Advantage, all that you can expect from a Man that honours you, and is with the greatest Passion. &c.

LETTER CCLXXXI. To Monsieur d' Hemery.


I Was so surpriz'd and afflicted with the Duke of Savoy's sick­ness, that I cannot declare it to you, both by reason of the exigency of Affairs, and for her Highness's sake, whom I love and honour much. I hope God will preserve him for Madam, and the greatest evil that will happen to us upon her account, will be the apprehension of bad Success. If this misfortune should happen, nothing is to be done but what you propose, to wit, to make Madam Guardian of her Children, to make those who are in place, trusty and faithful to her, and abso­lutely to hinder the Cardinal of Savoy from returning, to have a care of his and Prince Thomas's Cabals, and to take care that Madam have a good, wise, and couragious Council, well af­fected to her Interest, and consequently to France, from whence all her Peace must be deriv'd; here you have in a few words the Plan, according to which you must act. I take you to be so wise and discreet, that I do not doubt, but that if you have judged that the Duke of Savoy's sickness will not end well, you have already made some Application that way, as far as in pru­dence you might, that his Highness in his Will may appoint Madam, Guardian of her Children, and give an express Com­mandment to his Officers and Servants to acknowledge her in that Quality.

LETTER CCLXXXII. To Monsieur d' Hemery, upon the death of the Duke of Savoy.


I Am so afflicted at the Duke of Savoy's death, that it is im­possible for me to express it. This accident has so much the more affected me, because it has surpris'd us when we thought least of it: I have nothing to add to that which I wrote two days ago, upon the subject of his Highness's sickness, only, that as I believe, that Madam ought to make it her principal Aim, to hinder her Brothers-in-law from entring into her States; I think also she ought to relux that great and just Ri­gour, which the Duke of Savoy had in depriving them of their Possessions. Upon this ground, I think, she may let the Cardi­nal of Savoy know, that she will suffer him to enjoy what be­longs to him, and mildly dispose him to live at Rome, without pretending to return into Piedmont.

It is thought that Madam may restore him Masserati, whom the Duke of Savoy has put in Prison, and that this Man carry­ing him this news to Rome, may dispose him, of his own ac­cord, to do what Madam desires. Whether it be by this way, or any other, it is altogether necessary to stand upon these Terms. We find ourselves much troubled to nominate the Persons Madam ought to make use of; you know Father Mo­nod, it is hard to pass him by in the conditions he is in; it is also difficult to have any confidence in him.

The Marquess of St. Morice is a very good Man, he is alto­gether joyn'd to Father Monod, he was as you know, Master of the Horse to Prince Thomas. I fear that Father Monod endea­vours to make Count Philippes perswade Madam that it signi­fies nothing to her, whether or no the Cardinal of Savoy re­turn into her States. I do not tell you this without reason, having seen some Men who have already perceiv'd that the Sentiments of some of that State tend that way: and the de­sire of such Men can be no other but to strengthen and fortifie themselves against Madam upon all occasions, when she doth [Page 305] not Act according to their desires, and by this means to weak­en her Authority. You must, above all things, have a care of such Council, by which, neither Madam's nor her Childrens life will be secure. Whatever Council her Highness is pleas'd to take, it is reasonable she should impart it to the King, and so, that those who are chosen, may know it was by his Majesty's Approbation. We will send you by the first, after what man­ner Henry the Second govern'd himself upon the like Occasion, upon the death of the Duke of Savoy's Grand-father.

LETTER CCLXXXIII. To Monsieur d' Hemery.


THE Duke of Savoy having shewn the strength of his Judgment, even to his death, in making Madam Guar­dian of his Children, she is oblig'd, by Honour and Conscience, to do her utmost to demonstrate to her State, and all Christen­dom, That she knows how to make use of that Power which his deceased Highness has bequeath'd her.

When she has taken the Oath of Fidelity from all the Chief Officers of her State, and has well considered that there is no suspicious Person in place, she can think of nothing more use­ful and necessary than to choose a good Council, whose Repu­tation may add Credit to her Government.

And in order thereunto, I think that she ought to make it her principal aim to hinder her Brothers-in-law from return­ing into her State, or cabaling in her absence.

I think, that in their Correction she must use Mildness, and relax that just Rigour the Duke of Savoy used for their Good. Upon this ground, she may let them know her Resolution to suffer them to enjoy their Possessions; and let them be de­sired, at the same time, not to pretend to enjoy them in any place but where they are.

It is thought, that if Madam set at liberty the Cardinal of Savoy's Domestic, which his late Highness had Imprisoned, and send him to carry this News, it will be a double Obliga­tion to make him comply with Madam's desires.

It is a thing of Importance, that Madam give some ease to [Page 304] her Subjects: But if, this be impossible during the War, it is necessary that she declare, that she only expects a Peace, to give them a Testimony of the Clemency of her Conduct.

Madam's great Forefight makes me believe that she will not suffer herself to be excell'd by any other of her Sex who have had the Administration of a State. Yet, after she has de­clar'd her Goodness, as she ought, to all her Subjects, it is alto­gether necessary that she use Force and Vigour against those who shall contradict her Will, and are guilty of Crimes against the State.

For Instance, If any of her Brothers-in-law should presume to enter into her States, she must shut the Gates in all places, and absolutely deny them entrance, the Security of Madam and her Children, the Peace and Tranquility of her State depends so absolutely upon this Point, that if she neglect to observe it, upon any pretence whatsoever, we can foresee nothing but mischievous Consequences from such a Neglect. If any of the Governours or principal Officers be known to be Adherents to those Gentlemen, they must be changed, without giving them time to put their wicked Designs in execution: and if any one fail, he must be severely punish'd.

In a word, By how much the more Madam's Sex is esteem'd to be weak, she ought to govern with so much the more Force and Vigour, that a good Discipline may be kept in her Government.

I do not speak of the Deference which Madam ought to have to the King's Advice, because she is too wise, not to know, that under God, all her Safety depends upon him. As she must have a particular care to regulate herself by the Counsels that are given her by a Person so concern'd for her welfare: those, of his Majesty's Friends, who are about her, must think of no­thing but to govern themselves with Modesty, that all her Highness's States may know, that the only Design of his Ma­jesty is purely to Assist Madam, for her own sake, without any other Pretence than her Advantage, and the Security of her Childrens States.

This Circumpection is altogether necessary to take away all Pretence from those who, being Adherents of Spain, would make seeming, that the proper Interest of Madam and her Children should oblige her to seek for a Counterpoise from thence, to oppose the Pretence that France may have to her Prejudice. I do not take notice of the care you must have to please Madam, because it is a thing so well known, that no body who is employ'd at her Court can fail of that Duty.

Since nothing more a [...]enates Men's minds than Violence, it is wholly necessary that the King's Servants, who shall be at her Highness's Court, act with so much Modesty, that instead of provoking their Spirits, with whom they have to do, they must win them by Gentleness.



MAdam may be assured, that if the Cardinal of Savoy be in Piedmont, there is no safety for her, or her Chil­dren. Let Men say what they please, she ought to suspect e­very body, who saith the contrary. If the said Cardinal has had the Impudence to speak to the prejudice of Madam's Re­putation, while the Duke of Savoy lived, what is it he will not do now?

It is not doubted but at first he will say the quite contrary, and tell Madam that he only comes to serve her: but this is his way to get Footing, and to strike the Blow afterwards.

It is much to be feared, as you represent, that Father Mo­nod corresponds with him: and if so, if he have any influence over Madam, he will do her a great deal of mischief. He is a Man full of Artifice, who will watch his opportunity, and change his Mind so many ways, that at last he will make her fall into some Snare; and without doubt, he will, in the end, ruine Count Philippes, if he have not a care of him.

We fear from this moment, either Poison or Daggers; and besides, Madam's loss in losing her Creatures, it will rebound upon her, and afterwards infallibly cause her Ruine.

If Madam's Government be weak in the beginning, it will end in ruine; if it be strong, all things may be remedied.

Her Strength must appear, by opposing the Cardinal of Sa­voy's coming, and so effectuly opposing it, that if he enter in­to the State, Madam must consent that the King order him to be arrested and brought into France, where he shall be treat­ed as a Person of Quality. After such an Action, it is Ma­dam's Duty to see those who are reasonably suspected to her: and if God give her the Grace to continue the Suspicion, which [Page 308] you write she has had of Father Monod, it will be a particular saving Grace for her: For, to tell you the truth, as you are very sensible, to nourish him at Court, is to nourish a Ser­pent; and Count Philippes is very blind, if he do not see that he will be his Ruine, and let his Pretences be never so speci­ous, he only watches an Opportunity.

He is a Man who knows very well that he shall never go­vern Madam, both because of Count Philippes and France.

He knows also, that he will dispose of the Cardinal of Savoy as he pleases, and it is easie to see the Consequence.

If Count Philippes will consider those things, the way to remove this Man will be easie.

First of all, It is not the business of a Religious Man to meddle with Affairs of State; if Madam Command him to follow his Vocation, she will be commended by every body.

Besides, Madam may send him into France; where, if she pleases, he may be detain'd with Gentleness, and, by the con­sent of his Superiours, may be interdicted from returning into Piedmont, but when Madam pleases.

As this Affair is important, Monsieur d' Hemery must have a care not to Hazard it, but he must so order it, that Madam, or Count Philippes may endeavour to bring about this Design so necessary to their Preservation.

The Cardinal of Savoy may take two other Resolutions, be­side coming to Turin to Madam's Court:

The one is, to go into some place in Piedmont, who may o­pen him the Gates: and if that should happen, nothing must be omitted to drive him out immediately, by one way or o­ther, in this weak Condition of the Spaniards.

The other is, to stay in the State of Milan nigh Piedmont; in which case he declares himself an Enemy of Madam, and her Children. In this case, you cannot do better, than to do as you write to send to offer him his Goods if he will live at Rome, and to deny them if he continue with the Spaniards; you must by consequence forbid all the Cities from receiving him, and in effect, you must take such care, and place such faithful Men in them, that he may be deny'd entrance.

If after all, Mareschal Crequi could, under his Nose, give a Defeat to the Spaniards, it would be very well. You must have a firm Foot, and a good Eye upon those Occasions, both Resolution and Courage. We think we ought to Advertise you, that tho' Count St. Morice be a very brave Gentleman, yet he is altogether joyn'd to Father Monod, of which you shall seem to have no notice from us. I do not at all doubt [Page 307] but being separated from this good Director, he will be a ve­ry good Man for Madam.

In this Exigency of the Affairs of Mantua, the only way to hinder the Dutchess of Mantua from losing her Son's States, is so absolutely to secure Cazal, that there be nothing to be feared on that side: In order to that, I think, you must take all those who are suspected, not only out of the Cittadel, but the City, and all Persons who may be contrary to the French Interest, allied to the Little Prince.

You must make known the King's good Intentions to the Sieurs Guiscardi, Mercurin, Prat, and all others, who shall be capable, to whom the King permits you to give Pensions, as you shall see convenient, which shall be paid here upon sight.

As this Affair must be done with Magnanimity, so it must be manag'd with Prudence, giving to the Princess the least occasion of Complaint that can be; but it is better that by gi­ving us occasion, as she doth, by declaring herself for the Spanish Interest, she may have some unreasonable occasion, ra­ther than satisfie her Desires at the Expence of her Son, and France together.



THE Answer that Monsieur de Chavigny has given to your Letters is so particular, that I do not think it ne­cessary to add any thing. I take my Pen in hand only to tell you, that having seen it, I think you cannot do better than to observe it punctually: You are so judicious and discreet, that you know I am certain, how to make use of the Contents for the King's Service, as Affairs in all Courts may change in a moment. If any important or considerable thing happen, in that in which you are, it will be the part of your Prudence to do what is proper, and after having conferr'd with Mareschal Crequi and Madam's Servants, whom you know to be well af­fected to France, and by Consequence to the Advantage of her Highness's Affairs, to take the best Resolutions that may be.

LETTER CCLXXXVI. To Mareschal Crequi.


YOU will see, by the Express sent to Monsieur d' He­mery, and which he has Order to Communicate to you, that which we think ought to be done in the places where you are, for the King's and Madam's Service, and the Advantage of their Affairs; it will be your part, Gentlemen, to see, and diligently to examine the most proper and most cer­tain Means to make the King's Intentions succeed: In the Execution of which, I am assured, you will want neither Pru­dence, Affection, nor Courage. You may also believe, that I will lose no opportunity to make your Actions and Services be valu'd as you can desire, of a Person who Esteems you, and really is, &c.

LETTER CCLXXXVII. To Monsieur d' Hemery.


I Cannot sufficiently commend the Goodness with which Ma­dam has discovered to you the Malice which a certain Per­son, of whom you write, has made use of to her Prejudice, perswading her, that her Creatures ought to be jealous of the King, and that I had told him something of this nature, is so manifest an Imposture, that a Man must be a Devil to invent it; and it is to be fear'd, that a Spirit capable of so diabolical an Artifice, may commit far greater Villanies. I confess, that since I have known this Discovery, that Madam's Generosity has made, I am more afraid for her than I can speak; but I hope, that her Interest, which has begun to give her a glim­mering, [Page 309] will wholly open her Eyes. The different Attempts that this good Man has made to perswade Madam to be dissa­tisfy'd with France, altho' without Reason, upon the Account of the Solemnities which the King perform'd at the Duke of Savoy's Obsequies, who were greater than any that were ever made in France for any but Kings, sufficiently demonstrate his good Intentions. But altho' we discover an extream Ma­lice in this, that which appears in his Endeavours, to make the Cardinal of Savoy return into Piedmont, and to introduce the Abbot Soldati, as he has done once, and would again, is far greater, because it directly tends to Madam's Ruine. We have seen Letters which report, that this good Apostle cryed down Madam's good Intentions; if it be so, it is easie to de­termine, that if her Highness do not take care of herself, and remove so wicked a Spirit, she will find herself prevented, and unable to do it. I confess to you, that the King is in Pain, all Men in those parts are concern'd in it; but above all, Madam's particular Creatures, being certain, that they are the first whom he will endeavour to Subdue, that he may the more easily Ruine Madam afterward: If Madam be not sensible of her own Interests, she ought to consider that of her Children; having before her Eyes, that, in such Affairs, wicked Men have no bounds. Make her, in God's Name, set a Watch over her Mouth; and, after having by Reason inform'd her what may be useful, take this Court for an Example, which could never free itself from Trouble, and secure its Peace, as long it endured Factious Spirits in its Bowels.

I think, that the Expedient propos'd, to send the Person in dispute into this Court, is very good, provided you can make him consent to it.

You may let him know, that Madam's Protection depends chiefly upon the King; there is no probability that her High­ness will make use of him in her Affairs; because, in his last Journey, he left France not very well satisfied with his Pro­ceedings: And, for this reason, it is necessary for him to re­turn, to be reconciled to his Majesty and his chief Minsters. If he readily condescend to this Proposal, you will gain Time by this Journy, and penetrate more and more into his Mind.

If he refuse this Overture, it must be with a worse design than what can be foreseen, and Madam will have more op­portunity to provide for herself another way: And, in effect, I do not see how she can make any difficulty of it, knowing that the Duke of Savoy resolved, before his death, to use this Remedy, from which she alone diverted him. If he ap­prehended [Page 310] such a mischievous Spirit, she ought to double her Fears, and imagine that he will practice so much the more boldly against her; because those who ought to revenge those Crimes, may be those who shall recompence them: Upon such occasions you must fear every thing, and imagine, that all preventing Remedies are ever gentle, in respect of those which must be used when the Distemper rages: There are also ma­ny Evils in Affairs of State, which are no sooner begun but they are incurable.

LETTER CCLXXXVIII. To Monsieur d' Hemery.


AFter having discours'd Monsieur de Palluau, about the Pas­sages of his Voyage, and seen your Letter which he brought, I cannot but tell you, that I am extreamly ama­zed at the little Esteem which Madam has hitherto testified of the good Advice, which the King and his most faithful Ser­vants have given her, since they have no other end, but her Peace and [...]vanta [...]e, and the Establishment of her Authority and Grandeur. Her Inconstancy, concerning the removal of Fa­ther Monod, has been a manifest proof of it; which surprized me the more, because she knows the best of any, the mortal Hatred he has against her and her Children, and his insepa­rable Union with the Cardinal of Savoy, and Prince Thomas, her Enemies. His Majesty thinks it very strange, that Ma­dam having declared to all his Ministers, that she did not desire that he should have any thing to do in her Affairs, yet she still continues to imploy him; he firmly believes, that she only retains him, because she knows, that he is an Enemy to her and her State, that she may make the whole World be­lieve, that her Highness fears France more than her Brothers-in-law; which may produce very mischievous Effects, Madam being not ignorant of the extraordinary Passion that the said Father makes appear, upon all occasions, for the Interest of tho [...]e Gentlemen, and the Ill-will which he has always bore [Page 311] her and hers, must be assured, if she continue him in the Au­thority, into which his Artifice and Malice has screw'd him at her Court, having such a turbulent Spirit, being an open Ac­complice of the Cardinal, knowing the Humour of the People, and Madam's Weakness, the first Sickness that shall happen to her, without expecting the Extremity or the Event, he will send for the said Prince Cardinal into Piedmont, from whence she will not be able afterward to expel him, and the Life of her, her Children and Creatures will not be secure.

She may very well judge, that his Majesty is not concern'd what Ministers she imploys, provided they love her and her Children; but it concerns him very much, that she do not employ those who give her bad Counsel, and endeavour to perswade her to her own Ruin, or to procure it unknown to her, because, in this case, his Majesty knows not how to reme­dy it.

These Considerations afflict his Majesty more than I can ex­press, because he foresees that such Proceedings will either make him unable to protect a Person so dear to him as Madam, or will compel him, against his desire, to discharge himself of her Protection, that he may not be the Promoter of an Evil which she may avoid.

You may believe, that his Majesty, loving Madam as him­self, will not come to this extreamity; but yet he cannot en­dure to see, that her Highness will ruin herself, against all Rea­son, his Advice and Counsel, and notwithstanding any As­sistance that he can give her.

His Majesty can have no confidence in Madam in her Af­fairs, while she shall have a Minister, who is a sworn Enemy to France, to his Majesty, and his particular Servants; who is the Cardinal of Savoy's intimate Friend, and Ally of the Spa­niards, who, by his means, will be inform'd of all the Under­taking, and Resolutions; it is a thing altogether unpossible. And I confess to you freely, that the open Protection that Madam gives to Father Monod, since the Resolution she took to remove him, afflicts the King extreamly, and makes him judge, and not without reason, that her Mind is not only wa­vering, but also distrustful of France; which they expresly endeavour to make her, that they may more easily procure her and her Childrens ruine; which is, as it were, inevitable, if she continue in her jealousie and diffidence. Tho' this good Father testifie, that he imparts to you alone, the Resolution that was taken to send him into France, yet, for all this, he is not ignorant, that it was with Madam's and Count Philippes's [Page 312] participation; and so, seeing himself offended by both, he will infallibly seek an opportunity to revenge himself; which he will do the more boldly, because he will believe, that he owes his Re-establishment to his own Industry and Artifice, and not to Madam's Goodness, whom he will never forgive.

As to what remains, Madam having obliged you to declare against him, she is too just to desire you, and France to have any confidence in him; he is a Serpent which she cannot keep in her Bosom, without receiving suddenly a mortal Sting. The Duke of Savoy knew him so well, that he was resolved, as Madam declared to you, to remove him from Court.

You know the Advice he gave us of the Intelligence this good Father had with Father Caussin, the good Designs of the one, which were at last discover'd, obliged the King to ba­nish him from Court. Madam may well judge what those of the other oblige her to do, because he has as much Wit and Malice, as Father Caussin has Simplicity and Ignorance.

Before Madam had acquainted Father Monod, that she knew his mischi [...]vous Designs, it was free for her to endure him; but now, that he knows that she has a mind to be rid of him, and that he only expects the moment of the execution of such a Project, she may very well believe, that he thinks of no­thing more than to prevent her, and yet necessity obliges her to accomplish her intended Design, if she will not expose her­self to a certain Ruine.

It is your part faithfully to represent all these things to Ma­dam, to whom you may shew this Letter, and to importune her, for her own Childrens sake, to remove that Man as soon as she can, having no time to lose upon such occasions; her Fore [...]ight, by the help of your Advice, will give her an Ex­pedient how to execute this Design.

As for my part, I think the shortest way will be, to take him in the Evening, when the Streets are clear, and put him in a Coach with Six Horses, and drive him all the Night to Pignerol, with what Guard you shall think necessary. I confess to you, I tremble for fear, for Madam, till that is done; and tell you further, that the King is mightily displeas'd to see, that Madam dallies in an Affair in which her safety is con­cern'd; and that, if her Highness will help herself, he will double his Assistance; whereas, if she has a mind to ruin her­self, he will be gl [...]d, that the World knows, that he has omit­ted nothing to hinder her. I hope that will never happen, and that her Highness will shew, that she has a Masculine Heart. I [Page 313] shall have the same Passion for her Interest, as for the King's, and shall rejoice if I can be serviceable to her.

She has done me the honour to write to me two Letters, by which she declares her Desires of a General or Particular Sus­pension. I pray you represent to her, That as a General Peace, or Suspension, would be the Safety of Christendom, so a Par­ticular one would be its Ruin: The Peace, which it may be she should have a Year sooner than otherwise she would, gi­ving opportunity to the Spaniards better to manage their Af­fairs against us, weakning that on which alone her Protection depends, would, in the end, ruin her; whereas, by making a good War this Year on every side, by God's assistance, at the end of the following Campagn, we shall see the Establishment of a General Peace. Let Madam secure the inward Parts of her State, and never trouble herself about the rest. We send to her Highness the Sieur de Vignolles, whom she desired: Re­concile him with Count Philippes. I have particularly charged him to make use of him in Madam's Service, as he will do faith­fully.

You judge very well, that the King can never think of an Accommodation with the Cardinal of Savoy, if he think of re-entring into the Protection of France; which his Majesty will certainly keep for Cardinal Anthony. It is very probable, that whatsoever Accommodation the said Cardinal will make, it is only to deceive better, and that it will be by the consent of the Spaniards. Yet his Majesty would run that hazard, if the Matter in dispute were to restore him the Pension of An­che and the Abby of St. John of the Vineyards, provided that he depart from the Protection of France, and oblige him­self to live at Rome. But methinks, that this seeming that he makes, is only to amuze Madam, and when he shall conclude such a Treaty, it will only be to impose upon her.

I forgot to write to you one of the principal things to which you must presently apply yourself; which is, to send the Pro­ject which you and Mareschal Crequi shall make of that which ought to be done, to carry on the offensive War the next Cam­pagn, it being a certain thing, that there must be a War. You must inform us How, in what Place, and what Troops you must have, and what Recruits, what we must give for this purpose, at what Time we must send them, and the Fund that you will need for that Affair. I pray you send me a very large State of these things, that we may immediately apply ourselves to provide what is necessary. As it is necessa­ry that nothing be omitted in this State which is useful, I be­seech [Page 314] you to let nothing be superfluous, that the difficulty of supplying you with those things which may be let alone, may not hinder us from satisfying you with Necessaries.

I do not recommend to you, to keep your Designs of War very secret, till Madam has taken care of the Affair of Father Monod, because he would inform the Enemies of them, since also I presuppose that Affair to be done; for otherwise the King will be rather obliged to recal his Troops out of Piedmont, than to send others thither.

Since the writing of this Letter, the Marquess of St. Mo­rice came to see me, who told me, that he was charged by Madam, to ask my Opinion of Father Monod, and in what esteem he is with the King. To which I answered him con­formably to your desires; letting him know, that his Majesty could have no confidence in a Person, who so openly favoured those who acted against Madam: I tell you in two words what I represented to him at large.


The Christian Belief: Wherein is Asserted and Proved, That as there is Nothing in the Gospel Contrary to Reason, yet there are some Doctrines in it Above Reason; and these being necessa­rily enjoyn'd Ʋs to Believe, are properly call'd Mysteries; in An­swer to a Book, Intitul'd, Christianity not Mysterious, &c.

Cardinal Richlieu's LETTERS. VOL. II.

The First Letter. To Monsieur d' Hemecy.

THOUGH I am not ignorant that M. Bouthillier has long since acquainted yee with the King's dislike of the Sieur de Lizè, the Duke of Savoy's Resident in England's Conduct, and how his Pro­ceeding in that Court, and his ill will to­ward France are prejudicial to his Majesty's Affairs, as al­so to those of his Highness, I cannot however forbear wri­ting to you, to give you notice of it; that so by your Prudence you may apply such a Remedy to it, as you shall think most proper. In my Opinion, it would be for the service of Monsieur of Savoy to recall that Person as soon as might be, unless his Highness would have his Majesty believe that he Acts by his Orders, and that he [Page 2] connives at the ill Offices done to his Majesty, since his Agent has been in England. You may speak of it if you please to the D. of Savoy, as of a thing which the King is so much the more deeply sensible of, because there is no body who hears the said Lizè talk, who does not think it strange, that a Minister of one of the principal Allies of France, and who is engag'd with her in a War against her Enemies, should maintain Discourses so disadvantagious to her Af­fairs, instead of upholding her Interests, and rejoicing at her Successes.

Moreover I am oblig'd to let you know, that the said Lizè is a Man so weak in his Intellectuals, and of a Judg­ment so feeble, that he takes whatever is reported to him for truth without distinction, never examining whether there be any foundation, or only the appearance of truth in what is told him. Which is the Reason, that many times taking the Shadow for the substance, instead of ser­ving his Master, while he thinks to advance 'em, he does a manifest prejudice to his Interests. In a word, seeing that his Residence in England cannot but prove very pre­judicial to the King, it must be our Business to perswade Monsieur of Savoy to re-call him home, which I conjure you to make your Business with your wonted Dexterity. Which not doubting but that you will effectually labour, I shall urge yee no farther; having no more at this time, then only to assure yee, that

I am, &c.

LETTER II. To the same Person.

SOme of M. de Crequi's friends having inform'd me that several Persons in Italy, either out of Hatred or En­vy, talk very much to his Disadvantage, and endeavou­red by their Discourses to perswade the World, that the King, and his principal Servants, are dissatisfied with his Carriage and his Actions, on purpose utterly to disgrace him, and thereby deprive him of the means to serve his Majesty so effectually as he desires. I have therefore written to yee, to let you understand how much I am displeas'd with such Proceedings as these; and to conjure yee, by [Page 3] your prudence to put a stop to their farther Progresses, with the same diligence, undeceiving those who may have gi­ven credit to such Reports, and giving 'em assurance of the falshood of 'em. In short, I can ascertain yee, that as the King has had no cause at all, that I know of, to be dissatisfied with M. de Crequi, so he never testify'd the least sign of his Displeasure. As for my particular, you will do me an extraordinary kindness to let him know the E­steem which I have of his Person, of his Affection, and his Courage; the Desire which I have, and shall always have, to serve him; and that you will declare the same thing to the Officers of the Army.

LETTER III. To the same Person.

I Have desir'd my Lords, the Secretaries of State, to ac­quaint you from time to time with what passes on this side, well knowing, by Experience, that it is no small trouble to those who are far remote from the Court, as you are, when they want Intelligence, and are not duly inform'd of the State of Affairs, and how the World goes. They have promis'd me, not to omit any oppor­tunity.

LETTER IV. To the Prince of Orange, after the Raising of the Siege of Louvaine.

THere are not any Great Affairs that are not attend­ed with great Difficulties; nor had this at the be­ginning those progresses which we could have desir'd; since it is the end that crowns the work.

Monsieur Charnacè has represented to the King the Ob­stacles which you met with in your Enterprize, and your Endeavours to surmount 'em. His Majesty is very well convinc'd of the care you took for the subsistance of his [Page 4] Army, in the midst of those necessities which surrounded it. He returns you Thanks, and promises himself that you will make so good a use of the remainder of the Summer, that the time which has been lost shall be repair'd with Advantage, in the Judgment of all Men.

I passionately desire it for the Interest of his Majesty, and of my Lords, the States, and for your own, which shall be always dear to me: Conjuring you to believe, that whatever the issue may be, it shall never cancel the Esteem which I have for your Person, nor the Affection which I bear you. Assure your self, Sir, that his Majesty will leave nothing omitted that lies in his power to fa­vour the Enterprize, which was only undertaken between him and my Lords, the States, for the Good and Repose of Christendom, and that no ill success shall discourage him. For my part, knowing that perseverance is that which crowns affaires with a prosperous Issue, I shall omit nothing that is requir'd for me to do, for the advancement of those Affairs, the Success of which depends upon your Conduct, in which the King reposes a great Confidence. Of this you may be assur'd, Sir; as also, that

I am, &c.

LETTER V. From the King to the States of Holland, up­on Occasion of the Title of Highness given to the Prince of Orange.

MOst Dear, Great Friends, Allies and Confederates, the particular Esteem which We have, and always had, for our most dear and well beloved Cousin, the Prince of Orange, not only by reason of his Birth and Fa­mily, the Grandeur of which is sufficiently known, but also for his Great and conspicuous Qualities, and his No­ble performances in the Conduct and Command of Ar­mies, whereby he has acquir'd so high a Reputation, that there are no Marks of Honour which may not be justly attributed to him, have engag'd us to give him new proofs of it, by Honouring him with one more Title then hi­therto has been Address'd to him, concerning which we [Page 5] have sent express Orders to the Sieur Charnacè, Our Am­bassador.

LETTER VI. From Cardinal Richlieu to the Prince of Orange.

THe King's Letter which will be deliver'd to your hands by M. de Charnacè, and what he has in charge to say to yee in his Majesty's Name, will give you so particularly to understand the Affection which he has for your Person, and the singular Esteem which he pays to your Vertue and your Merit, that it would be su­perfluous to repeat it in these Lines. And therefore I shall only testifie to yee my own particular and extraor­dinary Joy, for the new Title wherewith his Majesty has been pleas'd to honour your whole Family: now then, that I may conform my self to his Will, and follow my own Inclination, be pleas'd that I may begin the change, and that I may assure your Highness, that honouring yee as I do, it will be a greater favour then I can possibly ex­press to serve your Highness, and all yours, upon all oc­casions; and to let you know by the Effects, that there is no person in the World, that can be with a greater Passi­on or more Sincerity, then my self, &c.

LETTER VII. To the Princess of Orange.

I Have not Written these Lines to let you understand the particular Affection which the King has for the Person of Monsieur the Prince of Orange, and for yours, and the singular esteem which he has for both, by reason the Testimonies which his Majesty has given you in the Letter which his Majesty has Written to yee, and what M. Charnacè has to say to yee in his Majesty's Name, are such, in my Opinion, as will not permit you to doubt of [Page 6] it; but only to acquaint you with my extraordinary Joy, for the honour which it has pleas'd his Majesty to con­fer upon your whole Family, by the new Title where­with it is his pleasure that you shall be treated from this time forward; I beseech yee to believe, that no Content or Felicity that befalls his Highness can be so great, but that I still wish him more; and that there is no person who Honours his Vertue and his Merit so highly as I do, or who is more sincerely then

I am, &c.

LETTER VIII. To the Princess of Orange, with a present of Diamond Pendants, in the King's Name.

THe King's Command engages me to take Pen in Hand, to entreat you in his Name to accept a Pre­sent no otherwise worthy of you, then as it receives its value from the person that sends it. The common Ene­mies of this Kingdom, and the United Provinces not be­ing able to do us any mischief but through the Ears, his Majesty made choice of this Present, such as it is, on pur­pose, not only to signifie to yee, that he will never hear­ken to any thing that shall be to the Prejudice of the Common Good; but also to let you know that he assures himself, that your Highness and Monsieur the Prince of Orange will do the same on your parts. For my part, Madam, I shall account my self extreamly happy, if I can but meet with ways and means equal to the Passion I have, to let you know by the effects, that

I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER IX. Cardinal Richlieu to the Queen, upon the Birth of Monseigneur the Dauphin.

EXcessive Joys are generally mute: This is the reason that I cannot express to your Majesty my Joy for your happy Delivery, and the Birth of the Dauphin. I desire, and am willing to belive that God has bestow'd him up­on Christendom, to appease the Troubles that disorder it, and to restore to it the Blessing of Peace. This has been my Prayer to Heaven since his Birth, which I make with the same passionate Zeal as I have always had for the King and your Majesty, to whom

I am, and Eternally shall be, &c.

LETTER X. To the Queen, who had sent the Dauphin's Portraiture to his Eminency.

I Cannot render those Returns of thanks which are due to your Majesty for the favour you have been pleas'd to do me, in sending me the Portraiture of Monseigneur the Dauphin, whose Image I Reverence, as I shall his Person, as long as I live. I pray to God, that they who shall come after me, may serve him as faithfully, as I have al­ways endeavour'd to serve the King, his Father, and your Majesty, to whom

I shall ever be, &c.

LETTER XI. To the Archbishop of Bourdeaux.

YOu will do me an Injury, to believe that any Alli­ance is capable to hinder me from assisting and ser­ving yee, when you have a [...] occasion for it. My Hu­mour is so far from any such manner of proceeding, that I believe that such a thought can never enter into the mind of any person whatsoever. I most earnestly desire to see a good Correspondence betwen M. d' Espernon and you; I dare promise it between my Lords his Sons. And though I am not ignorant, that it is a difficult thing for them that are harden'd in their Humour by Age to alter it, yet I am not out of hopes to see a good issue of what I desire. I beg of you to contribute towards it what lies in your power, assuring you that whoever shall have most Reason and Justice on his side, in the Differences which after this time may happen between yee, shall be the per­son whom I will serve most candidly. I believe that my assistance will not be very necessary to any body, but I find my self oblig'd to offer it to him that has the bet­ter cause. Assure your self of my Friendship for ever; and be convinc'd that nothing can alter the Quality of, &c.

LETTER XII. To the same Person.

I Am extreamly glad that M. d' Espernon has made Re­stitution to the Church of what is her due, in order to repair the Injury which she receiv'd in your Person, and that it is now known to all the World, that there is no consideration that can hinder me from favouring so just a Cause as yours was, according to the intentions of a King so Pious, as his Majesty is known to be. The Ab­bot of Coursan acquainted me with every particular that past in that Affair; if that be true (of which I have not had the leisure yet to ascertain my self) that you have [Page 9] not pursu'd his Holiness's intentions, signify'd to you by his Briefs, I must needs tell you, that you would have done better, had you done otherwise. In the Name of God, regulate your Actions and your Words in such a manner, that there may be no objection to be made against your Behaviour. You know how many times I have ad­monish'd you to be careful of the quickness of your Wit, and the nimbleness of your Tongue. As it was always my fear, that those two Enemies were the greatest you had, I must confess that I am more affraid of 'em now then ever, and conjure yee to be more reserv'd for the love of your self, assuring you, that I give so little heed to what the said Abbot inform'd me, of your being transported in your passion to reflect upon me, that 'tis no considerati­on of my self which enclines me to give you this Advice. The Justice that has been done you in your Business makes the King's Piety so clearly manifest, and the assistance of my Friends, that he must have lost his Judgment, who thinks there can be any bad impression made either of the one or the other. Never were Sentences more Authen­tick then those which his Holiness and the King's Coun­cil pronounc'd upon this Difference, and he cannot be master of himself, who says, that they were ever chang'd. Therefore, seeing such Discourses would but do you an Injury, many others which you are said to give out some­times would bring a Reproach upon your Gratitude; which, in my Opinion, ought not to permit you to com­plain of Fortune, who has done for you, from your early Youth, what she does not usually do for others, till after long Time spent in tedious Services. Were I not really your Friend, I would not talk to you in this manner: But being desirous to continue the same as I have always been, I find my self oblig'd to what I do, because that several Per­sons not knowing yee so well as I do, will not so easily ex­cuse what I believe proceeds from Vanity, rather then from any other evil Cause. I promise my self therefore, that your Carriage will be such as your Friends ought to desire it, and as I particularly wish it may be;

As being, &c.

LETTER XIII. To the same Person.

YOU will know more News by the Abbot of Coursa [...], then I can write to yee: He brings yee all the Satis­faction you can desire. M. d'Espernon will receive Absolu­tion at your hands, will visit yee, will give yee the Right Hand at his own House, when you repay him his Visits: He will engage himself to build the Chappel within the Time limited by Cardinal Bichi: You shall have your De­cree which you have so earnestly desired, as a Mark of the Satisfaction which the King has order'd to be given yee: So that there is nothing more in Reason for yee to desire. I am willing to believe that M. d'Espernon will very honest­ly perform whatever is requisite upon this Occasion: But tho' he should not, I desire yee so to demean your self, that the World may be convinc'd there is no Fault on your part. I conjure yee also, for the future, to take such Care of your Actions, that whatever happens, the Wrong may not be laid at your Door; assuring you, provided that Equity and Right be on your side, that you shall have no less Assistance from me, then hitherto you have had. Of this you may be convinc'd, and that

I shall always be unalterably, &c.

LETTER XIV. To the same Person.

I know not how to testifie my Sorrow to you, for that there is nothing as yet done in order to the Attack which ought to have been made upon the Islands, after the Waste of so much Time and Money. The Mischief is, that they who have no Kindness for you, lay the great­est part of the Blame upon your self; which afflicts me be­yond what I am able to express, as well in respect of the Interest of the King's Service, as for the Share which I [Page 11] take in all your Concerns. For this Reason, as your Friend, I cannot forbear telling you, that as Relapses render Sick­nesses more grievous, so if, after having fail'd to attack the Islands, you neglect the Relief of Parma; now that that there is no body who is able, as you pretend, to ob­struct your Enterprize, all your Friends together will not be able to defend you from the Blame that will be imputed to you upon this second Default. For this Reason it is, that I conjure you, as much as in me lies, to attempt Im­possibilities upon this Occasion, to the end you may repair what has been done amiss; assuring you, that I will make the best of this Action to the King, as much as you can desire from a Person who is really as

I am, &c.

LETTER XV. To the Bishop of Marscilles.

HAving understood the Trouble to which your Grand Vicar puts the Carmelites of the Convent of the Ci­ty of Marseilles in reference to their Privileges, and his Ri­gour towards the Prioress governing the said Nuns, I have sent you this Letter to intreat you to put a Stop to the Vicar's Proceedings, and hinder him from dealing with 'em so severely: which I do with so much the more Affection, be­cause that Order having been under my Protection over since the Death of Cardinal Berule, it would be a hard Case that I should suffer those good Souls to be vex'd and turmoil'd with undeserv'd everities. I make no question but you will apply all requisite Moderation, as well for the Glory of God, as for the Repose of the said Nuns, who desire to live under the same Laws and Rules with those of the Con­vent of Paris, and other places; and also to enjoy the same Priviledges. I promise my self, that you will carefully lend your helping hand in this Affair. Confident of this, I shall conclude this Letter; assuring you, that

I am, &c.

LETTER XVI. To the Bishop of St. Papoul.

THE King having cast his Eyes upon your Person, in Consideration of the many good Qualities which he observes there met together, with a Design to gratifie you with the Bishoprick of St. Papoul, which has been va­cant for some time, I could no longer delay to give you notice of it; and at the same time to let you know, as I do by these Lines, my own particular Satisfaction to see your Merits acknowledg'd by so great an Honour. I as­sure my self, that your Demeanour in this Charge where­with it has pleased His Majesty to honour you, will give him an Occasion to make a diligent Search through all the Corners of his Provinces for other Persons, whose Repu­tation may equal yours. In the mean time, I beseech yee to be cocvinc'd that I shall always most sincerely wish your Content, as being really as much as you can desire, &c.

LETTER XVII. To the Bishop of Sens.

THE Esteem which the King has of your Person is such, that His Majesty knowing the Bishoprick which you have hitherto held, is much below your Merit, has been pleas'd to give you Proofs of his good Will, by Translating you to that of Cahors, which you know to be much better then yours that you must surrender into his hands. I was extreamly glad to have the Opportunity, in giving you notice of this Favour in His Majesty's Name, to let you know at the same time my own particular Joy for the Favour which it has pleas'd His Majesty to confer upon yee; and to assure yee, that you can never have more Con­tent, or greater Preferment then I wish you,

As being really, &c.

LETTER XVIII. To the Bishop of Nismes.

I Was very glad to hear News of yee, by the Letter which you wrote me; and by the Abbot of St. Mars, to un­derstand the Beginning of the happy Progress you are ma­king in the place where you are, for the Good of Religion. I always believ'd that you would effectually answer the Choice which His Majesty made of your Person; and ful­fil your Promises, not to let the Talents that God has given you lie idle, but to employ 'em upon all Occasions for the Advantage of his Worship. I cannot express my Joy for so good a Beginning; nevertheless, you may conceive it by the singular Affection which I bear you. Only, I must conjure yee to reside continually in your Diocess, as hitherto you have done; and to believe that you can do nothing either more agreeable to His Majesty, or more to my Content; as it will be always my greatest Satisfaction to serve you upon all Occasions; and to let you know how much

I am, &c.

LETTER XIX. To the Archbishop of Rouan.

HAving seen the Letter and the Papers which you sent me, I must tell yee, that in regard the Affair in Controversie is the general Question between the Bishops and the exempt Monks, which cannot be decided so spee­dily, 'tis my Opinion, that until they fall upon the Debate of it, you may continue your Visits in all the exempt Mo­nasteries of your Diocess, whenever you think conve­nient; at what time it behoves the Monks to receive you with all the Honour and Respect that may be; content­ing your self only to visit the Churches, the holy Sacra­ments, and the Buildings, without making the Scrutiny: Which being only an Enquiry into the Miscarriages of the Monks, and the Defects of their Regular Discipline, [Page 14] methinks they should not be taken Cognizance of, nor punish'd, but only by the Superior Regulars. You may also, when you would go to the Monasteries, celebrate Mass therein Pontifically, and fulfil the Orders; and if any publick Scandal have happen'd in the City, through the Fault of the Monks, you may likewise take Cogni­zance of it. I am much troubl'd that the ill Behaviour of the Monks of St. Vaudrille has constrain'd yee to proceed against 'em as you have done. I have written to 'em, to make 'em acknowledge their Fault; and have exhorted 'em to Amendment, which I hope they will readily sub­mit to, by rendring to your Lordship what is your Due. In the mean time, I beseech yee to pardon 'em for my sake, revoke the Sentence you have given against 'em, and settle Things in the same Condition as they were, when you go to visit their Church. In so doing, you will oblige me in particular to testifie upon all Occasions that shall pre­sent themselves, that

I am, &c.

LETTER XX. To a Friend of the Archbishop of Rouan's.

THE Business of my writing, is, to intreat you, by a soft and gentle Converse with Monsieur the Arch­bishop of Rouan, to try what may be done, to the end his Demeanour may be as edifying in his advanc'd Age as it was in his younger Years; and he himself avoid the ill Opi­nion that may be conceiv'd of it. I do not believe him to be one of those Persons, who fly the Surgeon's Hand, tho' it be for their own Good. Kings having the Power to put the Canons in Execution, and it being their Duty to take a particular Care of the Discipline of the Church, I assure my self that he will be right in his Opinion, that it does not only concern His Majesty's Piety, but his Office, to admonish him of the bad Reports that are spread abroad concerning him. And having always had my self a parti­cular Honour for him, I cannot but desire his Content, and his Welfare, as my own; and consequently, I cannot but endeavour to serve him. Nor will it be a small Satis­faction [Page 15] to me, when in serving you also, it shall be in my power to let you see that no body is more then

I am, &c.

LETTER XXI. To the Bishop of Montauban.

IT having been reported to the King, that there is hard­ly any Episcopal Function officiated in your Diocess, His Majesty has c [...]mmanded me to give you notice of it, to the end that upon a due Consideration of your Duty in the Charge which God has committed to your Care, you may acquit your self with so much Diligence and Ferven­cy for the future, that your Actions may make amends for past Defaults. I promise my self that you will make a pro­fitable Use of the Admonition which I give you; because that if you neglect it, His Majesty, out of his singular Pie­ty, will think himself oblig'd to provide for the Good of your Diocess, by Ways which his Prudence shall judge most suitable for that purpose. In the mean time,

I remain, &c.

LETTER XXII. To the Bishop of N—

THE King being inform'd that great Disorders are committed in your Diocess, even to the publick Selling of Benefices, I cannot permit the Departure of the Dispatch which His Majesty sends expresly to Monsieur the Bishop of Xaintes, to repair to yee in his Name, upon this Occasion, without intreating you by these Lines, that you will contribute all that lies in your Power toward the sup­pressing such Abuses as speedily as may be; and so to de­mean your self, that your Actions may appear for the fu­ture contrary to what we have just Reason hitherto to [Page 16] suspect. Besides, that your Conscience and your Honour oblige yee to it, His Majesty's Resolution by Canonical Ways to hinder such Disorders in his Kingdom, ought to incline yee to it. I promise my self, that you will govern your self in such sort upon this Occasion, that besides the Satisfaction which His Majesty shall receive in your Actions, the People committed to your Charge may have so good an Example set before 'em, that the universal Pur­suit of it may be your Justification for the future. The ancient Friendship which I have had for yee, makes me earnestly desire it,

As being, &c.

LETTER XXIII. The King's Letter to the Bishops, about Residence.

I Behold with infinite Sorrow, that tho' all People are ea­gerly desirous of Peace, that the Prayers and Sighs of all Christendom have no other End, and that I leave no Means omitted which I think proper to attain it, whether by Force of Arms, as every body knows, or by condescend­ing, together with my Allies, to the Overtures that have been made us for a reasonable Accommodation, particu­larly, by our Holy Father the Pope, yet still it looks as if Divine Justice were not satisfied; and that he who can only give Peace to Man, and who pours down upon the Waters, when he pleases, his Benedictions in abundance, requires at our hands, that with a common and profound Acknowledgment of our Duty, we should have recourse to his Omnipotence, to the end we may obtain so great and so much desired a Blessing. For this Reason it is, that well knowing that the Conversion and Amendment of Souls, the Prayers and Tears of good People, are the true Means that can procure us what the Impiety and Hardness of our Hearts have hitherto denied us, 'tis my Desire that all the Bishops of my Kingdom cause such publick and pri­vate Prayers as they deem convenient, to be duly said, to­gether with the joint Performance of all those good Works that are most probable to obtain from Heavenly Compas­sion the Repose of Christendom. Now in regard there is no­thing [Page 17] that can more effectually invite the People, whom God has submitted to your Care, to such pious Purposes, then your Examples. My Intention is, that they who shall be absent themselves from their Flocks, fail not to repair to their several Diocesses, to the end they may apply them­selves in particular to the Performance of those things which I demand at their hands; and in general, to all the Duties of their Functions that require their Presence. Knowing therefore that there are some so sedulous in their Charges, that if they absent themselves from 'em, 'tis only for a lit­tle time, and for the Dispatch of Affairs that concern their Functions, 'tis sufficient for me to exhort 'em to make the soonest End they can of their Business, and to repair home again; expresly enjoining and commanding all those who have not hitherto minded so much the Importance of Resi­ding within their Diocesses, to hasten thither within Eight Days after the Receipt of these Presents, to the end they may thereby make Amends for their past Defaults. I assure my self, that they will be so much the more religiously ob­servant of their Submission to my Will and Pleasure in this Particular, because there is not one among 'em who can be ignorant that the Canons of the Church, and the Ordinan­ces of the Kingdom, oblige 'em to an Actual Residence; upon which the good Order and Discipline of their Dio­cesses chiefly depend. Not doubting therefore, but that all and every of 'em will punctually correspond with my Desires, I shall say no more, but only pray to God, &c.

LETTER XXIV. From Cardinal Richlieu, to Father Berthin, General of the Priests of the Oratory.

'TIS impossible for me to express my Sorrow for the Death of Cardinal Berule, who could never question the sincere Friendship which I always bore him. I am ex­treamly troubl'd at the Calumnies spread abroad, both at Rome, and in France: I do all I can to dissipate 'em, by de­claring to all the World, that the great Vertues of the De­ceased, and the manner of Living which we always observ'd together, take away all Occasion of believing those false Reports that are dispers'd abroad with so little probability [Page 18] of Truth. I honour the Memory of the Deceased, and shall always take a particular Care of his Concerns; but more especially, of the Society that took its Birth under his Conduct and Protection. I return you a Thousand Thanks for what you write me word, concerning what His Holiness has already granted you in my behalf; Vivae vocis Oraculo. I desire yee to prosecute the Concession of it by a Writing of His Holiness, whether under his own, or the Hand of his Chaplain; and that in the proper Terms of the Supplication, which the deceased Cardinal de Berule sent you. I passionately desire this Dispatch, which His Holiness will make no scruple to expedite, since he has already granted it by Word of Mouth, 'Tis also necessary for me, that His Holiness will be pleas'd, that his Forbearance to publish the Favour which he grants me, may not oblige me to keep it conceal'd from all the World; to the end, that they who are best acquainted with the Burthen of Affairs which I undergo, may not think that I neglect to discharge an Obligation, such as that of the Office, without having a License.

LETTER XXV. To the Superiour of the Jesuites.

I Have been no less concern'd for the ill Conduct of Father Caussin, then you your self appear to be. All those of the Society, who have given themselves the trou­ble to visit me since the King remov'd him from his Per­son, are as faithful Witnesses of this Truth, as of the lit­tle Reason the said Father Caussin had to behave himself as he has done▪ The Fault which his Imprudence caus'd him to commit, being a Thing that no way touches the General of your Order, but his own particular Onely, I can assure yee, has no way lessen'd the good Will which the King has always had for your Society. For my part, having all the reason in the world to speak well of it, I shall ever take a singular delight in serving it, and meet­ing all Opportunities to procure its Advantages, no less glad of the Occasion to let you know, that no Man has a greater Esteem for yee, nor is more sincerely then

I am, &c.

LETTER XXVI. To Father Joseph.

HAving sent four or five times to Paris, that I might hear News of your Health, yet not being able to know any thing of Certainty, the Trouble I am in by reason of your Distemper, and my Desire to understand exactly what Condition you are in, has occasion'd my sending once more to yee, to the same End. If you will take my Counsel, you shall quit the Convent to which you are retir'd, as not being proper for the Recovery of your Health, and come to this place; where the Air be­ing much better, will contribute to your Recovery in a short time. If you will follow my Advice in this, I will send you my Litter, wherein you will ride much more at ease. And so, expecting either the Happiness of seeing yee, or at least of hearing from yee such News as I desire, I must assure yee, there is no Man who is more then

I am, &c.

LETTER XXVII. To Father Monod, a Jesuite.

THE King being desirous to bestow some Mark of his Good Will upon those who are more particular­ly devoted to the Service of Monsieur and Madam of Savoy, has commanded me to cause an Oratory to be built for yee; Notice of which you will receive by a Letter from the Hands of Madam, whom His Majesty looks upon, not on­ly as a Person so nearly related to him, but as one in whom he has a most entire Confidence. I could wish, for my own part, that I had some better Occasion to let you know the singular Esteem which I have always had of your Me­rit, and how affectionately

I am, &c.

LETTER XXVIII. To the General of the Jacobins.

BEing inform'd that there had been some Disorders committed in the great Convent of the Jacobins in Paris, as well in reference to Piety, as relating to their Studies; and that it was most necessary to put a Stop to the farther Progress of 'em, I took such Care at the same time, that there can happen no farther Inconvenience; having provided a very good Prior, able Readers in Theo­logy, and learned Preachers. I hope in a little time we shall see this House restor'd to its former Lustre; and that it will be a great Satisfaction to yee, to have at pre­sent three Monks of the same House, that preach in Paris with great Esteem and Reputation. My Desire that every thing should be done in Order, and with that Obedience that is your due, produc'd these Lines, to inform you of the Condition of the said House; to the end, that if, in pursuance of what has been done for the Repose of it, you think that there remains any thing more to do, I may be contributary thereto, for the Glory of God, the Ser­vice of the King, and your Satisfaction, as much as in me lies: And which I shall always study to do with the same Affection, as I bear your Order in general, and to your Person in particular, &c.

LETTER XXIX. To the General of the Augustins.

THE Bishops of Chartres and A [...]xerces, who have great Experience in Matters that concern the Re­gular Discipline, as must be acknowledged by the good Order they have shewn in the Reformation of the Con­vents of the Carmelites in Paris; having, by virtue of the Commission which we formerly gave 'em, to take Cogni­zance of the Disorders of the grand Convent of Austin-Friars in the said City; and by the Advice of the Sieurs du Val, and [...], the King's Professors in Theology, [Page 21] and the Fathers Binet and Rabardeau, Jesuites, with Father Ans [...]lm Fucillant, all Persons of great Probity, and good Government; having deem'd it requisite for the reducing the said Convent, to give the Government and Conduct of it to the Fathers of the Province of St. Guillaume, which the rest of the Reform'd Societies in France, assem­bled in the said City of Paris for that purpose, had re­quested; and to that end, having made Choice, according to the usual Forms in such Elections, of a Prior and Offi­cers of the said Province of St. Guillaume, as the sole and only Means to bring this Affair to a desir'd Conclusion, for the general Good of the Order, I thought it my Duty to give yee notice of it; and at the same time to tell yee, that the King, who is particularly acquainted with the Care which the said Bishops have taken, will be very glad, not only of your confirming the said Election, and what has been done farther to the Advantage of the said House; but will also be well pleas'd to hear that you no more per­mit any Monks to be admitted, unless he observes the Re­gularity of the Order setled in the Convent, according to the Reformation of the said Province of St. Guillaume; for the Establishment of which, His Majesty will do what­ever you shall think more proper upon this Occasion. His Majesty desires also, that you would forbid Father Andrew Massif, who is now at Rome, to return to the Con­vent in Paris, to manage any Affairs in the name of it; nor to undertake any thing whatever against, or to the prejudice of the fore-mention'd Regulations. Which being a thing so advantageous to the said House in Paris, and to all the Orders in general, I make no question but you will readily submit to give His Majesty that Satisfaction which he desires in this Particular. So that I will urge yee no farther, and only take the liberty to assure yee, that, be­sides that it will be a thing acceptable to the King, I shall think my self particularly oblig'd; as you will find upon all Occasions that will give me an Opportunity to serve you, and to let you know how affectionately

I am, &c.

LETTER XXX. To the General of the Gallican Congregation of St. Benedict.

Reverend Father,

MY Desire to contribute my utmost to the Pro­gress of good Observance in the Abby of Chelles, makes me desire you to send thither, as speedily as may be, three or four of your Monks, to administer the Sa­craments there, and to exercise Spiritual Functions, with the Authority of Monsieur of Paris; to whom it will be very acceptable. And as to what you have so earnestly remonstrated to me, that your Constitutions enjoin yee not to take any Charge of Nuns, I assure my self, that you make no question of my entire Affection to support your Congregation in all things that serve to its Advance­ment; of which, I think, I have given you assured Marks. But you will do well to consider, that there is no Rule so strict, but that Prudence and Charity may per­mit some Exception to it; and which you cannot trans­gress upon a juster Occasion, for the sake of a Person who loves yee so much as I do, and who may reasonably pro­mise himself so much from the Effects of your good Will. So that you have no Cause, upon this Occasion, to be afraid of future Consequences, considering this Employ­ment will not last any longer then it shall be necessary for the Establishment of Union and Concord in that place. I shall not fail contributing, to the utmost of my Power, toward your Assistance in so pious a Work; desiring you to let those worthy Nuns be sensible of the Esteem which I have of their Vertue; and that I shall take Care to let 'em know by my Actions, how acceptable their Friend­ship and Submission to their Abbess, my Kinswoman, is to me; whom I particularly recommend to your Assi­stance, &c.


MY Desire to purge all my Abbies from the Disor­ders and Libertinism crept in among 'em, and nou­rish'd by Length of Time, causes me to seek out for the most proper Means to effect it; and deeming none more gentle and useful for the Discharge of my Conscience, and the Salvation of the Monks under my Charge, then to settle Reform'd Fathers in those places, who by their good Example, will induce the rest to follow their good Manners, and the Observance of their Rules, which have been for some time neglected by 'em; this has given me an Occasion, as the first Step to so pious a Work, to for­bid in all Monasteries under my Jurisdiction, the Giving or Receiving the Habit to or by Novices, in order to making their Professions, but in the Form practis'd by those of the said Reformation; and I understand that the greatest part of the Monks desire it; acknowledging how much they are dis-satisfied with living in that Confusion, contrary to their Vows. I make no question but you are of the same Opinion; and that you only seek the most gentle and pro­per Means, as I do, to introduce a Reformation, and such Fathers as make Profession of it, into your Monastery. For this Reason I desire, that you would all assemble in your Chapter, and there set this Affair on foot, to the end you may come to some Result. And to the end that this may be so much the more maturely done, and also that every one of you may contribute toward the Accomplishment of so good a Work, I desire that there may be an Act drawn up containing whatever shall pass in the said Chapter, and particularly the Sentiments of all the Monks that shall be there present; which shall be sign'd, and then sent to me, to the end I may understand their Inten­tions, and who are well affected to the Good which I am willing to procure 'em, that so they may be restor'd to that Order and Method which true Monks ought to follow. This is that which I most affectionately desire of you; as­suring yee, that in satisfying my Demands, you will more and more oblige me to remain, &c.

LETTER XXXII. To the Gentlemen of the Sorbonne.

MY Desire that there may be nothing done in the Sor­bonne, which may be liable to ill Interpretation, has oblig'd me some days since, upon Information brought me, that the Theses of M. Corstantin had made a noise in P [...]ris, because they were ambiguous, to send to the said Sieur Constantin, and desire him to explain his Meaning to me, upon that Subject: I cannot but testifie how much I was pleas'd with his submissive Answer, and the sound Explanation of his Theses; which you will see by his De­claration which I send you herewith. Not doubting there­fore but you will receive therein all the Satisfaction you can desire, I assure my self that you will not think it pro­per or pertinent to speak any more of this Affair. In the mean time, be confident that you shall find me upon all Occasions, &c.


'TIS very requisite that you should acknowledge in your Letters, that the King has vouchsaf'd to ho­nour the Order of the Capuchins, by advancing one of their Society to the Bishoprick of St. Maloes; and that it was his Pleasure, by this Act, to let the World know, that he had a Kindness for those who are bred in so good a School. But His Majeesty had a more especial regard to the Con­dition of the Church in his Kingdom; for the Good of which, he believes he can do nothing more beneficial, or more acceptable to God, then to be greatly careful to pro­vide good Bishops, and to take 'em where-ever he can be assur'd to sind 'em; such as are most probable to labour success fully in the Church. He never thought that the Order of the Capu [...]ns could thereby receive any Preju­dice; whether it be because there is nothing in it contrary to their Rules and Constitutions, or because they can de­sire [Page 25] nothing more conformable to their Institutions and the Vocation of the Glorious St. Franei [...], call'd by God to restore his Church, then to supply it with good Pre­lates that may be serviceable to so good an Intention, especially in this Kingdom, where Heresies have made so great a Ravage upon Religion and good Manners, that it is a great Office of Piety to contribute toward so good a work by all the ways imaginable. Now though there is no fear in this Kingdom, but that this Example will have many good Effects, yet I can better then any body be answerable for that which presents it self, be­cause I was the first who enclin'd the Father of this Monk to this Thought, contrary to his own Inclination: I propos'd his Son to the King and the Queen Mother; and though I have a great Friendship for the Father, yet I had never done it without great Assurances of the Vir­rue and sufficiency of his Son; so that I had more regard to the great Service I did the Church, then the good Of­fices which the Persons I speak of could receive from me; wherein I am deeply confirm'd by the good Testimonies which the Capuchin Fathers give of him. For this rea­son, I beseech yee, as much as in you lies, to favour his Majesty's good Intentions, and the Succour of the Church in this Kingdom, which surpasses all other Con­siderations, to which I shall add the more particular Ob­ligation you will lay upon me,

As being, &c.

LETTER XXXIV. To Madam de Chesseuse.

I Cannot but give you an account of Monsieur de Lor­rain's Journey hither, to which place he came Yester­day in the Evening, with a Resolution to perform what he had propos'd, after he had consulted with all his Kin­dred.

He delivers up Marsal in to the King's Hands, and has himself desir'd to resign that place rather then anyof the rest. They tell us of several Projects fraim'd at Nancy, of great Combats, wherein the Bravery of Monsieur de [Page 26] Elboeuf, and M. de Bellegards Aged Years were highly sig­naliz'd. For this time there will be no Blood-shed, thanks be to God. I could wish the disturbances in Ger­many might be as luckily determin'd, as Monsieur has pa­cify'd those among the Champions that attend him. So would the Emperor be satisfy'd, the contrary party would have no occasion to complain, and they who have no need of the cold Winter, like my self, would be glad to spend the Spring in the Neighbourhood of Paris. For my part, I shall be always well pleas'd when it is in my power to let you know, that

I am, &c.

LETTER XXXV. To the Abbot of Dorat.

THE last Letter which I receiv'd from Madam de Chevreuse, being rather a Reproach for my not ser­ving her according to her good liking, then an Appro­bation of what I have been able to do for her satisfa­ction, at the same time that the Civility which is due to Ladies, hinders me from returning her an Answer, for fear of displeasing her, her Interest makes me take Pen in hand, to let you know what I think fitting to be re­presented to her, for her advantage.

She thinks it strange, that she should be oblidg'd to make some acknowledgment of her having Negotiated with Forreigners. There was never any sick person yet known, that would and could be cur'd of a Distemper, that he would not have the World so much as think he e­ver had upon him, But in regard 'tis necessary for the Physicians to know the Distemper, their Discretion is such, that they know how to conceal it from others. You know better then any Body, that as to what concerns Ma­dam de Chov [...]cuse, I have kept the Secret, both like a Con­fessor and a Physician, in divers things of high Impor­tance to her, and of which I have sufficient proof in my hands. I dare also presume to say, that since the affair of Mr. Chasteau Neuf, there is fallen into my hands some o­ther proof, of which I never told yee the Particulars, tho' [Page 27] I have spoken in General of some new Cipher discover'd I have not less Discretion now, thanks be to God, then formerly I had; and I shall certainly take as much care for the future, as I did before, in what shall concern Ma­dam de Chevreuse.

Whatever Passion she may have for what concerns her, she is too just to desire that I should thwart the King's Sentiments, or to be displeas'd with my serving the State in serving her; especially in what is no way prejudicial to her. However to comply with her, I have obtain'd of the King a plain and simple Act of Grace, as she desires, which M. de Chauvigny will send her. She seems more­over to be greatly astonish'd, that she is not permitted to go and reside in any place of France that she shall think convenient, tho' the King and Queen be not actually there

Before she took the Ramble which she has taken for this year together, Tours was the place of her Residence: If since that time she has done any thing that merits a bet­ter Condition, I do her wrong not to labour that she may obtain it; but if her Actions have not been of that nature, methinks she has no reason to desire, contrary to all the Rules of good Policy, that favours should be heap'd up­on multiply'd Miscarriages; time and good demeanor may procure her all the satisfaction she desires. But my Power is not so great, to exert it in Opposition to Rea­son, nor my will so irregular to desire things no less pre­judicial to the State, then unavailable to her service, tho' they may be pleasing to her Humour. You may assure her that I will serve her with a sincere Affection, in what may be to her advantage, and desire her not to take it ill, if while she continues in the Humour she is in, we mea­sure what may be eneficial to her, rather by the judg­ment of those who are her Servants and Friends, among whom you are not the least affectionate, then by her own; to whose will I shall always submit in all things, where Passion prevails not to her prejudice.

LETTER XXXVI. To the Countess of Soissons.

HAD Monsieur the Count's Distemper terminated a­ny otherwise then it has done, I should never have taken the Boldness to Write these Lines to your La­diship, in hopes of affording you any Consolation, be­cause I should not have been capable of receiving any my self. But since it has pleas'd God to hear the Prayers of all France for his Health, I cannot but testify my own particular and extraordinary Joy. I had acquitted my self of this Duty, in hopes my Letter would have found you in Paris; but understanding you were come into these Quarters, I resum'd my Pen, that I might repeat the same Expressions in these Lines Beseeching you to believe, that Honouring your Ladiship, as I do, I shall always challenge a considerable share in your Sorrows and your Contentments, as a Person who professes to be really, &c.

LETTER XXXVII. To Mademoiselle de Seneterre.

THough I have already had the Honour to felicitate your Ladyship, when I thought you at Paris, for the Health which God has been pleas'd to restore to Mon­sieur the Count, knowing how dear it is to yee, yet I cannot but repeat the same Congratulations, understan­sting that you are come into these Quarters. Should I go about to lay before yee my Sorrow for his Sickness, I should be afraid of renewing that Grief which could not chuse but then disturb yee, and trouble by that means your present Joy, to see him in that Condition which the Wishes of all France and his Servants in particular desire. I shall only take the liberty to assure your Ladiship, that M. de Seneterre, and the young Gentlemen his Sons, were so helpful to him upon this occasion, which besides the Passion, that in so doing, they testify'd for his person, [Page 29] they merit in the Judgment of every one, those Com­mendations which are beyond Expression. But my Dis­cretion forbidding me to say any more upon this Sub­ject, I restrain my Pen, and conclude this Letter, with that assurance which I give your Ladiship of always be­ing sincerely, &c.

LETTER XXXVIII. To Marshall Schomberg's Lady.

I Write to your Ladiship, to let you understand my Joy, and the advantage which your Husband has ob­tain'd over the King's Enemies in a Battle fought between him and them, to the end you may the more easily con­ceive the Affection which I bear you, and the share I take in the Mareschal's concerns. I shall only tell you, that his Majesty has received the News with unspeakable satis­faction, as well for the benefit which thereby redounds to his Affairs, as for the esteem which he has for the Mar­shal. I do not send you the particulars of the Fight, nor how it happen'd, but only that it ended with taking M. de Montemorency Prisoner, and that the Counts of Mo­rez, de Rieux, and a great number of persons of Quality were slain upon the place. I hope, through the good­ness of God, that he will continue his Blessings upon the King's designs, and that so good a Beginning will be at­tended with answerable Successes. I heartily beg both Him and You, Madam, to believe, that there is no Man who Honours you more, or who is more then

I am, &c.

LETTER XXXIX. To the Baroness of Alais.

I Cannot but signifie to your Ladiship my extraordina­ry Contentment, for that your Son has acknowledg'd the Truth of our Religion, has abjur'd his Errors, and is return'd to the Bosom of the Church. In regard I was present at the Ceremony, I was desirous to give you an accompt of it, and at the same time to assure yee, that when I shall have an opportunity to shew my Affection, both to your self and him, you shall both find that

I am, &c.

LETTER XL. To the Abbess of Ronceray.

THE knowledge which, for a long time, you have had of my Neice de Brezè, who is with you, and her Inclination always to remain in your House, causes me to Write you these Lines, wherein I desire yee, that you would be pleas'd to let her take the Habit, so soon as you shall judge it convenient, not doubting, but that as she grows in Years, she will be capable of the Profes­sion to which God has call'd her. I forbear recommend­ing her to the Continuance of your Care, promising my self that you will shew her all the Marks that she can ex­pect, both of the natural Goodness of your Disposition, and of the particular Affection You have for Her; so that you may rest assur'd of mine, and that no opportunity shall offer it self for giving you proof of it, either as to your own person, or the advantage of your House, wherein I shall not let you know how much

I am, &c.

LETTER XLI. To the Dutchess of Bouillon.

ALL the Answer I can give to the Letter which you sent me, concerning your Husband, is to let you know, that if he be innocent of what he is accus'd, as you seem to believe, he is in a palce and in a condition to be seen by the King, who is too much a Lover of Justice, to deny him the utmost benefit of it. As I have done all that lies in my power to serve him, when I thought his Intentions upright, you will have the same Opinion of mine, if I do not now what the new Act of Infidelity which he has committed obliges me to. Truth not per­mitting me to speak otherwise, you must excuse me, Madam, for making use of these Expressions, which how­ever do not hinder me from giving you, upon all just Opportunities that shall present themselves, assured Te­stimonies that

I am, &c.

LETTER LXII. To the Dutchess Dowager of Bouillon.

WHile I thought Monsieur your Son a grateful ac­knowledger of the Favours done him by the King, and full of Affection and Fidelity to his Service, I omit­ted nothing that lay in my power wherein I might be use­ful to him, and procure his Advantages at his Majesty's Hands. But now that he has rendred himself unworthy by a new Act of Infidelity, committed against the King and the Realm, at the same time that he had the means put into his hands to make amends for past Miscarriages, by serving both the one and the other, you would blame me, Madam, should I not contribute to the Discovery of his ill Conduct, and the prevention of the ill Conse­quences of it. As for your perticular, Madam, you shall [Page 32] always find me full of desire to testifie by real proofs the esteem which I have of your person, and how sincerely

I am, &c.

LETTER XLIII. To Madam d'Essiat.

IF your Son were only guilty of no more then the many Designs which he has laid to ruin me, I could willingly forget my self, to assist him, according to your Desire. But being, beyond Imagination, unfaithful to the King; and engag'd in a Party which he has united to trouble the Prosperity of his Reign, in favour of the King­dom's Enemies, I cannot in any manner whatever inter­cede for him, according to your Desire. I beseech God to comfort yee; and beg of you to believe, that

I am, &c.

LETTER XLIV. To Madam de Blerancourt.

THE Letter which you have been pleas'd to write me by this Gentleman has fill'd me with so much the greater Joy, because it gives me to understand that you are not displeas'd with my long Stay at Blerancourt, no more then with the Liberty I took to encourage yee to si­nish it. So fair a Beginning deserves to receive its Per­fection from your Hands: And if I desire that there may be nothing to repair in your House, I beg of God, that the Condition of your Health may be the same; which I wish you the same, and durable,

As being, &c.

LETTER XLV. To the Prioress of the Carmelites of St. Denis.

I Could not make a more worthy choice then of your House to be the place of Retirement for Madam d' Anguien, my Neice, in the absence of her Husband, as well for the good Qualities that enrich your Person, and with which I have been long acquainted, as for the Piety of those Souls whom God has committed to your care. I cannot return you sufficient thanks for receiving her with so much joy, as also for the easiness which you observ'd in her, to follow the Sentiments of those who desire her good as much as her self, and the Prudence you take notice of in in a Person, who has a particular care of her Demeanour. I make no question, but that in following those Examples which you and your Nuns set every day before her Eyes, she will in time become a Disciple, such a one as we have reason to hope. Conjuring you therefore, that you will contribute to that End, all that I can promise my self from your Charity, and your particular Affection; and to believe I shall not sail of any acknowledgement that you can expect from him, who begging the succour of your Prayers and of those of your Society, is really, &c.

LETTER XLVI. To M. d' Iveteaux.

YOUR Merit is such, that I cannot but have a par­ticular value for your Affection, and the Esteem which you testify for my Person. If God had endowed me with those Qualities which you imagin to be in me, I should congratulate my self as much for the Honour which it has pleas'd the King to do me, as I receive it with Humility and Distrust of my self. Not but that I must acknowledge my self to have some strength of Wit and Courage, proper to serve his Majesty upon oc­casions [Page 34] and Opportunities that may present themselves; but so many Conditions are requisite, that I cannot but be affraid of wanting some one, the defect of which ren­ders my services much inferiour to my desires. You are so experienc'd in the Navigations of this World, that I receiv'd what you sent me concerning 'em, as from a Per­son who can certainly judge of the future by what is past. Whatever happens, I shall do my duty in Serving, as I have done in Obeying. And I hope God will bless my Zeal, in seeking all occasions to render to the King and the advan­tage of his Realm, whatever he can expect from a true Subject; and to the augmentation of the Glory of his Person, what a most obliged Creature owes him. If with this design I have any opportunity to serve you, as I de­sire, I shall think my self a great gainer, in letting you see by that means, that among several mean Qualities which are in me, I have one at least more eminent then all the rest, which is to esteem Persons of your Merit, which you will underdand by my Actions, and which will testify more then my Words, that I am, &c.

LETTER XLVII. To Monsieur de Balzac.

I Have receiv'd the Letter which you Wrote me, and the beginning of the Treatise that you sent me; I thought to have detain'd your Lacqueys till I had read it. But the variety of Business which takes me up, and my desire to view it at leisure, and several times, made me alter my design. I send it you therefore back, to testify how sensible I am of your Affection, and to let you know what I judge of the Lyon by his Paw. I have always lookt upon whatever came from you with great Contentment, and all those who are capable of relishing good things, could never receive 'em otherwise: But I must confess to yee, that this last piece has so far satisfy'd my Intellect, that I must needs tell yee, you have out-done your self. In loring your Stile, you have rais'd it; and in writing more after the vulgar strain, you are so separated from [Page 35] your self, that though many fain would imitate yee, few in my Opinion, can do it. When I have read the remain­der of your Piece, I will write more particularly to yee; now, I shall only testify thus much, that if my Affection for yee, be capable of encreasing, it encreases with your Merits, which causes me to desire all Opportunities to let you see, that I am really, &c.

LETTER XLVIII. To Monsieur de Nogent-Bautru.

THIS day I leave this City, where with a more then ordinary joy the people as loudly resounded the King's Name, as he is exaalted above all the King's of the Earth, and where they shew'd as much Obedience and Submission to His Majesty's Arms, as they had signaliz'd themselves till then in Disobedience and Obstinacy. I shall not tell yee what Testimonies of Honour I then receiv'd, because it was to the Authority which it has pleas'd His Majesty to entrust me with, to whom they are due, and not to me, who am, &c.

LETTER XLIX. To Monsieur d' Argencourt.

I will not conceal it from yee, that I was not a little surpriz'd at first, when I understood you were Marry'd, not believing yee to have been of a Humor to submit your self to such a troublesome Yoak, as many times that of Marriage is. But I was so far from finding any thing to object against the Resolution you had taken, that on the other side I believe you have done very well, and I com­mend yee for having made so good a Choice as that of Mademoiselle de Berricheres, for whose Conversion I am [Page 36] infinitely glad. I beseech yee to assure her of my Affecti­on, and for your own part to be confident that I am, &c.

LETTER L. To Monsieur Bowart.

I Write yee these Lines to conjure yee to tell the King frankly when you think it proper for him to take Phy­sick, and not to conceal from him what you think requisite for his Health. He is a Prince so Gracious and so Judicious, that though your proceeding displease him at first, he will be glad of the effects of it. 'Tis better in this particular, to displease him a little for his good, then to comply with him to his prejudice. If thou think the alledging my thoughts will encline His Majesty to believe you, and to make use of those Remedies you shall prescribe him, you may produce my Letters, and shew 'em to him; it being certain that he will readily pardon the Counsel which I give you to press him for his own Health, of which I shall always have a more singular care then of my own life. In the mean time you will do me an unspeakable Kindness to send me continually the state of his Body, and to be­lieve that I am really, &c.

LETTER LI. To the same Person.

THE Letter I received from you would have been a great Affliction to me, to find therein the King's in­disposition, if at the same time you had not assured me, that it is only an Ebullition of the Blood. I must con­fess, that in regard His Majesty's Health is so necessary for France, and so dear to his Servants, the least attack of Sickness upon it disturbs me beyond Expression. I send this Gentleman to bring me back an account of the King's [Page 37] Condition, which I passionately wish, may be such, as he himself could desire. I make no doubt but you will con­tribute what lies in your Power, toward his perfect Reco­very, that so his Health may restore to his Servants that Joy which his Indisposition has depriv'd 'em of. To this end I send up all my Prayers to Heaven, and in hopes that the News I shall receive from you, will bring a Con­firmation of the contentment I receiv'd by your first Let­ters, I beseech yee to believe that I am assuredly, &c.

LETTER LII. To Monsieur d [...] Auriac.

THE King being inform'd at my Return, after what manner you have continu'd to serve him in his Ar­my in Italy, has been pleas'd of his own motion to make you sensible of his acknowledgment of your Services, as you will find by the Letter which his Majesty has Written to you, as also by the Patent which he has commanded me to send you. You need not put your self to any, trouble in soliciting the payment of it, for that I shall take care my self that every thing shall be done to your full Satisfaction; desiring to let you see, not only upon this Occasion, but upon all others wherein your interest is concern'd, the value which I have for yee, and how affectionately I am, &c.

LETTER LIII. To the King.

THE Sentiments which Your Majesty had of my Distemper, and your gracious manner of writing to me, are of greater value then all the Services I ever did, or ever shall do Your Majesty. I feel my self so extraor­dinary [Page 38] touched and oblig'd, that it is impossible for me to represent it to your Majesty. The Series of my Actions shall return Your Majesty perpetual Thanks; seeing Your Goodness is so extraordinary in my behalf, my Passion for your Service never was, nor ever shall be equall'd by any man what ever, that serv'd so great a Prince. 'Tis about ten days ago that my Ague left me; but still it makes me ma­ny times sensible of the visit it gave me. However these Inconveniences have not hindr'd me from coming to this place, near to Montauban, for the determining several Dif­ficulties started every day by Persons breathing only Se­dition. There have been some Commotions in the City, but thanks be to God, things are reduc'd to that point, that if I am not deceiv'd in my measures, I hope within three days, to make my entrance into it, with that Dignity which becomes Your Majesty. From thence I shall set forward to attend Your Majesty, intending to stay two days only in Montauban, in order to dispatch those dismis­sions which Your Majesty has commanded me. I must not forget to send Your Majesty word, that though the Gentlemen of the Parliament of T [...]oulouse have always made some Scruples upon the Edicts of the Peace, and the favours you have shewn to those of the pretended Re­formed Religion, yet they have purely and simply verify'd this, with great Applause of Your Majesty's Goodness, Piety, Strength, and Prudence. Though never any Prince acquir'd so much Glory as Your Majesty has now done, yet I hope, if God permits me to live some Years, to see you wearing many other Crowns, which only your Vertue and the blessing of God will acquire Your Majesty. This is that which I desire with the greatest Passion in the World, promising Your Majesty that my life shall never be of any value to me in respect of your Grandeur, your prosperity and particular contentment, which I shall E­ternally wish for in the Quality of, &c.

LETTER LIV. To the King.

THE Letter Your Majesty was pleas'd to honour me withall, obliges me in such a manner, that I have not Expressions sufficiently worthy to testify my Grati­tude to your Majesty. I wish that for the Supply of this defect, I might be so happy as to be able to pay Your Majesty as many faithful services as I have had, and as long as I live shall have a chearful will to perform. I am extreamly troubled that Your Majesty is not pleas'd with your stay at Paris, and therefore have taken a Reso­lution, for your ease, to go into Champaign, so soon as your Brother shall depart from Nancy. The share which Your Majesty was pleas'd to allow me in your Prayers during the Jubilee, was so great a favour, that wanting words to return my due thanks to Your Majesty, I have no more to say upon that Subject, but that your Majesty shews your Goodness equal to your Piety. I could passionately wish that I might be near Your Majesty, as Your Majesty desires, but my sorrow to see my self re­mov'd so far from your presence, is in some measure al­lay'd, when I consider it is for the Interest of your service, which is the only thing that I regard. I am now setting forward from hence in Order to cross the Mountains, and hasten into Italy, where I shall serve Your Majesty with that Zeal and Vigilancy which becomes, &c.

LETTER LV. To the King.

I Have receiv'd a new dispatch from Monsieur the Mar­shal de Crequi, who assures me a second time, that he will not Sign the Suspension. He sends me word more over, that the News of the Motion of your Army has caus'd the Imperialists to raise the siege of Mantua, from whence the Germans are retreated in so much disorder, that 'twas the Duke of Mantua's fault they were not utter­ly [Page 40] defeated. However he cut some of 'em to peices in retaking Montenara and Courtentone, which were two Posts distant from Mantua about five miles, which the Enemy had a mind to have kept.

He believes that as soon as your Army arrives at Suza, the Republick of Venice will resolve to do something to good purpose. Provided the Duke of Savoy's delays, do not retard the Passage of your Army, I hope your Majesty will have no reason to complain. Courrier is dispatched after Courrier to press the Duke of Savoy, to whom I have also this day written Your Majesty's Express command to me, not to lose any time; which obliges me to conjure him that he would give Speedy Passage to your Army. I expect to hear from him within these few days. Your Majesty may be confident of being as pun­ctually inform'd as it is possible, of all that happens, and that I desire not so much to preserve my Life, as to please Your Majesty, and to testify by real Effects, That I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER LVI. To the King.

HAving Yesterday given Your Majesty an Account of the Reducing the Citadel of Pignerol, under your Obedience, I now resume my Pen to let your Majesty know, that 'tis impossible for me to express the Vigilance and Passion for your Service of the Marshalls [...]requi, la Force and Schomberg, and of all the Officers of your Army, upon this Occasion. And here I hope your Majesty will not take it amiss, if I take the Liberty to tell you my Opinion, that you cannot gratify any Person with the Government of the City and Citadel of Pignerol, who bet­ter deserves it then Monsieur Crequi, as well for the rare Qualities with which he is endow'd, and with which your Majesty is so well acquainted, as for that those Places are contiguous to the Dauphinate, where his Employment ob­liges him chiefly to reside, and be near at hand to provide for the Preservation of 'em. Besides these Considerations, [Page 41] I must not conceal from your Majesty, that he has given me to understand that he should be infinitely engag'd to your Majesty, if you would but be pleas'd to honour him with the Grant of his Request. He also desires that you would be pleas'd to honour M. de Canaples with the Collar of your Order, the next time you make any Knights. This would be a means, by new Obligations, to engage both Father and Son to your Service, to which I am so insepa­rably devoted, that I shall always be to the last gasp of my Breath, &c.

LETTER LVII. To the King.

MOnsieur Marshal de Crequi having desired me to write to your Majesty, that you would be pleas'd to confer upon the Sieur Aubery, the Employment of the Queen's Chancellor, I take that Liberty so much the more willingly to the same end; because your Majesty know­ing the Affection which the said Marshal has for that Family, will readily consider, that while he serves your Majesty as he does, I could not deny him the kind Office of such a Letter your, Majesty knows better then any person in the World, how to supply that place with such a Person as you shall deem most Capable. In the mean time, I be­seech your Majesty to believe that I am, and shall be as long as I live, &c.

LETTER LVIII. To the King.

I Send this Courrier in hast to your Majesty at the heels of the Sieur de Folaine, to deliver you the particular Re­lation of what the Gentlemen who command your Armies in Italy sent me, concerning what happen'd at the Attacque of Pont Carignan. I praise God with all my heart for the good success wherewith he is pleas'd to bless your Victorious [Page 42] Armes from day to day. And I most fervently beseech him to continue the same, and render you the most glo­rious of all the Princes of the Earth, as he has exalted you to be the most Illustrious in Birth, and for those. Virtues which all the World admires in your Person. In the mean time I cannot sufficiently set forth in Termes becoming my Gratitude, how sensible I am of the good Offices, which, as M. Bouthillier sends me Word, your Majesty vouchsafes to do me with the Queen, your Mother. Which is a Proof of the Goodness of the Best Master in the World, in favour of his Creature, which I shall en­deavour to acknowledge, by all the Services that shall ever be within the Power of a Servant to do your Majesty; which as I hope will cause your Majesty to acknowledge, that never any Person was, is, or will be, equally as I am, &c.

LETTER LIX. To the King.

'TIS impossible for me to tarry any longer without manifesting to Your Majesty, my joy for the news which the Sieur de Raire has brought, concerning what has happen'd at Cazal. For tho' it be not confirm'd by any Courrier with particular Dispatches, if it be true, as he assures me, that he was present at the Action, there is no reason to question it. Which being granted, I can­not but give God thanks for it with all my heart, as being one of the most glorious, that your Majesty could desire for your own, and the Reputation of your Armes, and which heaps both Gladness and Contentment upon all your most zealous Servants. Among whom I can assure your Majesty, that there is not any one who more fer­vently desires the Continuance of your successful Pro­gresses, then he who is and ever will be, &c.

LETTER LX. To the King.

YEsterday in the Evening I sent a Gentleman to Mr. le Premier, to desire him to put your Majesty in mind, that your fasting to day according to your intention, may be prejudicial to your health. I wrote to the same Effect, to Father Maillan, but understanding that he was at St. Germans, I take the boldness to address my self to your Majesty, and lay before you, that you will do better to follow that Counsel which is given you, to dispence with the performance of your intended Penance, then to observe it actually to the prejudice of your health, so necessary for the Good of your Realm, and the welfare of the Church.

They who have not Bodies of Iron have need of pre­venting the Inconveniency that may befall 'em: And you may be pleas'd to remember, that your Majesty and your Creatures are in the same Condition. Which makes me believe that you will so much the more willingly fol­low the advice which is given you, by him who has the greatest Interest and Zeal for what concerns your Ma­jesty. To whom I am, and ever shall be, &c.

LETTER LXI. To the King

THo' I should live a hunderd years, I should never be able sufficiently to acknowledge, according to the Merit of it, the Honour which you are pleas'd to do me. I confess it is the onely thing which, next to the Grace of God, is able to support me in the perpetual Incon­veniences of my unhappy Indisposition. My Rhumatism runs every day from one side to the other, but lightly; now I have it under my jaws: I keep it off, as well as I can, by little remedies, In the prescribing of which I [Page 44] have a good share with my little Physitian, whom you know to be de Poictiers. But the best of all those reme­dies that do me any good, is the continuance of the Ho­nour of your Gracious Favours, which is the onely thing in the World on which I most relye, and your good Health, which I wish for a hundred times more then my own life; being able to averr with as much Truth as is due to the Solemnity of the day, that I never had, nor ever shall have, a Passion equal to that which I have, and ever shall have, as long as I live, for the Contentment and satisfaction of the greatest King in the world, to whom I am Eternally, &c.

LETTER LXII. To the King.

MY Cousin de la Meilleray will testify to Your Maje­sty one true thing, which is, that Your Majesty confers both upon him and me, many more favours then we can ever merit. Had he not had a particular care all his life long, not only to obey your will, but to prevent your Intentions when he could dive into 'em, I should disown him, and heartily renounce him, without ever thinking my self in a fault, since it would be the least Punishment he could deserve; and for that having shewn him this Letter, he consents to it, and acknowledges that he should de­serve more.

I praise God for Your Majesty's Good Health; and I beseech him with all my heart, to preserve it as entire, and as long as he desires it, who wishes it more then the preservation of his own, which he desires for no other end, then to employ it in Your Majesty's Service, to whom I shall ever be while I have Breath, &c.

LETTER LXIII. To the King.

THE Honour which it pleases Your Majesty to do me, is more then sufficient to remove from me all my Greivances, though they were greater then they are. I do not believe the Inconvenience of which I spoke to Your Majesty Yesterday, will come to any thing, nor do I think the Advice which they have given Your Majesty is a real truth, but only that they had a design to pass away the time, as you are pleas'd to write me word; of which I shall not open my Lips to any person living. I saw Mon­sieur Puy-Laurence this morning, who told me that Mon­sieur is not as not as yet so well converted upon the point of his Marriage, as he desired; but that by pursuing what he should say to Father Joseph, and M. Bouthillier in that particular, they would find a way to bring it to pass, I am, &c.

LETTER LXIV. To the King.

'TIS impossble to forbear manifesting to Your Ma­jesty the extream satisfaction I receiv'd from the sight of you. Your Sentiments are full of Generosity, and so much the more to be highly valu'd, because you submit 'em to reason, and the just considerations of the Good and Wellfare of your Realm. I beseech you never to be affraid of Communicating 'em to your Creatures, and to be perswaded that they will make it their sole study to bring 'em to pass to your Content and Advantage. I wish your Glory more then ever any Servant wish'd the Prosperity of his Master; nor shall I leave any thing omit­ted that lies in my power to contribute towards it. The singular Testimonies of your Grace and Favour which you shew'd me Yesterday, have peirc'd my heart: I find my self oblig'd in such an extraordinary Measure, that I can­not [Page 46] express it. I beseech your Majesty, for God's sake, not to do your self any prejudice, by giving way to Melan­cholly, and by that means, I hope, that through the Good­ness of God, you will enjoy your full content. For my part, I shall never have any, but in giving Your Majesty to understand from time to time, that I am the most faithfull Servant, the most passionate Subject, and the most zealous Servant that ever King and Master had in this World. I will live and conclude in this condition, as being a hun­dred times more devoted to Your Majesty, then mindful of my own concerns, &c.

LETTER LXV. To the King.

I should not have given credit to what M. Bouthillier re­lated to me, had I not understood it from Your Ma­jesty's Lips. I thought that the long time I have serv'd Your Majesty, under the Blessing which God has been pleas'd to bestow upon your Vertue, had made you too well accquainted with the passionate Zeal which I have al­ways had, and ever shall have for your Service, to questi­on my Sincerity. That which comforts me in this Mis­fortunes is, that I am certain of never having fail'd so much as in thought of my duty to Your Majesty, and that I hope Your Majesty will soon be of the same mind.

I am so far from being unwilling to abandon all things for the love of you, that I should be ready to abandon my self, when ever you should think it for your Benefit, or that I thought you would receive any Contentment by it. I never was otherwise enclin'd, and I will rather dye a thousand Deaths then alter my mind. I am beholding for an infinite number of favours to Your Majesty, which I shall always acknowledge as long as I live. Among 'em all, the greatest, and of which I am most sensible, is the Confidence which you have always been pleas'd to repose in my Fidelity, and the sincere opening of your heart to my Advice. My Health which was better then now it is, afforded me the means of frequently receiving that Honour: Now that my unfortunate Indispositions render me more unweildy then I could wish to be, I am affraid [Page 47] least my absence depriving me of that singular Favour, should create me other mischiefs, which it is impossble, for me to foresee. But in what place soever I am, I shall think more upon Your Majesty then upon my self, and upon your Interest more then upon the preservation of my own life. I confess, my heart is so sensibly touch'd, that I can say no more to Your Majesty. The Bearer in whom I have a full Confidence, will give you a more par­ticular accompt of it, but he can tell Your Majesty no­thing more certain, then the Truth with which I shall conclude this Letter, protesting to Your Majesty, that I shall never cease to be, &c.

LETTER LXVI. To the King.

IN sending this Bearer, to know the state of Your Health, the freedom wherewith Your Majesty is pleas'd that your Creatures should converse with you, is the reason that I am unwilling to lose the opportunity of letting Your Majesty know, who is the most Zealous of all Your Majesty's Creatures. I have, and shall have, as long as I live, more confidence in Your Majesty then in my self, a greater Passion for you, then Your Majesty has for your Self, and assuredly my tenderness also equalls my Fidelity. I will not deny but that Jealousie comes in for a share, but I am sure Your Majesty will not take it a miss, since Your Majesty does not a little caress that Lady, that she should be kindly entertain'd by a Creature, who shall al­ways Glory in imitating Your Majesty, and in being, till my Descent into the Grace, &c.

LETTER LXVII. To the King.

NOT deserving the least of these Testimonies which you are pleas'd to give me, of the satisfaction you have receiv'd in my Services, I have receiv'd 'em as pure Effects of your Goodness. I shall never aspire to any o­ther Honour then to live under the Shadow of your Glo­ry, serving you all the while as faithfully as ever Servant serv'd a Master. God, who knows the hearts of Men, is my Witness of this Truth, and that there is nothing in this World that can more content me, then to fulfill your Will and Pleasure, and see the Prosperity of your Affairs. I cannot sufficiently declare to Your Majesty my joy, to find that they begin to change their Countenance.

The taking of Corbie, and the raising the Siege of St. John de Laune, besieg'd by all the Forces of the Empire, are two pieces of great Importance.

Your Majesty will see the Memoire which M. d' An­goulesme and my self drew up, before we knew of Galasse's Retreat and another, which contains what your Servants think fit to be done, now he is retir'd. The whole is sub­mitted to your Judgment, to do what Your Majesty pleases.

I am overjoy'd, that Your Majesty is in so good a Hu­mour, and I pray to God that he will grant me the Fa­vour to serve you as successfully, as I shall do it faithfully, as being Eternally, &c.


IN the midst of my Sorrows for the loss of those who Commanded those Troops of Horse, which Your Ma­jesty was pleas'd to give me, 'tis no small Consolation to me, that they have ended their days in your Service, and that the Cardinal de la Valetta has won a considerable Advantage over the Enemy. I question not, but Your Majesty's presence will regulate all things that were out of Order in your Absence. The Resistance of the Ene­my in St. Mitchel, serves only to augment Your Majesty's Honour, who may make your Advantage of it, by ma­king use of that Right which their Obstinacy will deserve, and without which they will be both able and willing to renew their Disobedience. I am extreamly glad, that my Cousin de Meilleray is so Fortunate as to serve Your Majesty to your good liking. For there is nothing which I desire more Ardently, then that my self and all that be­long to me may spend their lives in the Service of the best Master in the World, to whom I am, and ever shall be, till Death, &c.

LETTER LXIX. To the King.

BUT for the Miscarriage which is not to be excus'd of M. d' Ango [...]lesme, there is no qustion but that Your Majesty had accomplish'd what you had so prudent­ly design'd. However Your Majesty is happy in this sa­tisfaction, that the Faults of another, not your own, were the Obstacles that prevented your making the best of so glorious a Contrivance. But as there is now no reason for Your Majesty to advance, so it will not be convenient for Your Majesty to remove any farther, till you have re­pair'd the disorder of your Affairs occasion'd by M. d' A [...] ­goulesms Retreat; and I am perswaded a few days will [Page 50] produce that good Effect. In the mean time I beseech Your Majesty not to afflict your self, but to consider, that if Kings could always do whatever they pleas'd, they would be equal to God, who reserves that Prerogative to himself alone. Your Majesty has prov'd successful in so many great Actions, that 'tis no wonder if now and then you meet with some Mortification This is farther to be said, That since it has pleased the Divine Goodness to establish you King over a Nation that runs to the End of the World in search of Dangers, and has much a-do to stay for the Opportunity of meeting with 'em, you ought not to think it strange that Your Majesty, far surpassing in the good Qualities which Nature has bestow'd upon your Subjects, should be altogether exempt from their Defaults. I am over-joy'd to hear that Your Majesty resigns your self up to the Will of God; and for the Honour you are pleas'd to do me, by declaring how much you confide in my faith­ful Counsels. I know not which way to answer this Ob­ligation, but by assuring Your Majesty, that I willingly sacrifice my Life to God, that so he may be pleased to ren­der my Counsels as profitable to your Service, as it is pos­sible for him to desire 'em, who resolves to be ever, &c.


THE Birth of Monsieur the Dauphin ravishes me with Joy. I hope, that as he is a Theodosius, that is to say, a Gift which God has bestow'd upon Your Majesty, he will answer the great Qualities of the Emperors that bore that Name. 'Tis my hearty Prayer to God that it may be so; and that he will vouchsafe to heap upon Your Majesty as many Blessings as it is possible for him to desire, who is E­ternally, &c.


I Am over-joy'd for Your Majesty's good Health; but extreamly troubl'd there has been so much Want of good Management in the Execution of Your Majesty's so often re-iterated Orders.

Your Majesty is too gracious, and too just, to make me responsible for the Faults of others; and too greatly expe­rienc'd, not to consider, that in great Affairs, the Effects never answer exactly to all the Orders that are issued forth. This is only in the Power of God to bring to pass; whose Goodness is such, that leaving Men to act according to their Infirmities, he suffers the Difference between their Performances, and his Will.

Your Majesty knows that I have always complain'd of the Delays of the Treasurers and Providers of the Ammu­nition; and that I have openly spoke it in your Councils, that it was in vain to raise Armies, if Care were not taken to pay 'em in time, and that they were not as carefully furnish'd with Provision. And though in these sort of Af­fairs, I suppose my self to have done my Duty, when I have admonish'd, sollicited, and importun'd those who are intrusted with making those Provisions, I dare presume to say, that I have done more; it being certain, that if I had not taken upon me to send M, de Hussay into Champaigne to buy Corn, and borrow'd Six Score Thousand Crowns for Raising of Men, Your Majesty had been disappointed of your Preparations for your just and great Designs. I will not fail to sollicite M. de Bullion again, to send Money to Your Majesty. But because that which passes by the Or­der of the Officers of the Finance cannot be done without great Delays, I have just now sent away Six Thousand Pistoles by the Post, being the Remainder of what I bor­row'd. To which I must add, that the Honours, the Fa­vours, the Benefits which Your Majesty has conferr'd up­on me, and the Opinion you have of my Fidelity, give me Credit sufficient for another Twenty Thousand Pi­stoles, if Your Majesty commands me in four Lines un­der your Hand.

I conclude with my Prayers to God, that all the rest of Your Majesty's Servants may equal me in Diligence; and [Page 52] that he will be pleas'd to asswage your Disquiets, which I believe no less necessary, as well for the Preservation of your Health, as for the Good of your Affairs, &c.


I did not speak yesterday to M. de Bullion, of the Dispatch which I sent yesterday to Your Majesty, because I would not hinder the Digestion of a young Partridge he had eaten. This Morning I easily persuaded him to send Money to Your Majesty, because he had voluntarily re­solv'd to send away a Hundred and Fifty Thousand Li­vres, to the end Your Majesty might be supply'd for your pressing Exigencies.

Besides this, he affirms, and has sent you a convincing Proof of it, that he has provided for the Funds that are requisite for all your Troops. 'Tis so necessary to execute Justice upon some of these Commissaries that are in fault, that it would not be the worst Mark of Monsieur the Chan­cellor's Diligence, if he caus'd some of 'em to be proceeded a­gainst in common Form.

I beseech, and in all my Dispatches shall beseech Your Majesty, that you would be pleas'd to consider, that though there is some certain Care necessary for the right Manage­ment of Business, to the end it may be attended with Suc­cess; yet there are some Cares that can produce no other Effect, then an Alteration of your Health, and so much Grief to all your Servants, that the Trouble of their Minds may render 'em less able to act with that Vigour which your Service requires.


IN regard no Joy can happen to Your Majesty, where­in I do not presume to claim that Share which it be­hoves me, I am apt to believe, it is the Will of God, to make me sensible, that no Accident can befall Your Ma­jesty, but that some one of the same nature follows my self. I thought to have been this day at Ruel, that I might be nearer Your Majesty; but by reason of a slight Fit of an Ague, that took me Yesterday in the Evening, the Phy­sicians order'd me to be Let Blood. Let it not trouble Your Majesty, I beseech yee, since my Fit was so short, that it held me no longer then from Five in the Evening, till Ten at Night. Perhaps this Fit, happening after a Diarrhea, will not be attended by any ill Effects; or, at worst, as the Physicians judge, 'twill be only a Single Tertian Ague; which will not hinder me from paying Your Majesty those Services which I desire, &c.


UNderstanding that Father Causin, for almost these two Years together, has declar'd to several Persons, that Your Majesty look'd upon my Services as troublesome, ra­ther then useful to Your Majesty, I expected with great Impatience the Settlement of a good Peace; as well for that it is the only End which you always propos'd by a War, as for that it was the true Time wherein, by offer­ing to Your Majesty the making my self miserable, to pro­cure your Contentment, I might be able to give you the last, and most assured Proof, that a Subject can give his Prince, of the Excess of his Passion. Since Your Maju­sty did me the Honour, of your own good Will, to al­low me [...]hare in th [...] Administration of your Affairs. I have always made a full Account to dye at your Feet, and never had any Design to absent my self from your [Page 54] Person. And if that good Father be no better acquaint­ed with Your Majesty's Mind, then he has been obser­vant of the good Example of his Order, during his A­bode at Court. I still preserve the same Resolutions. But if he has better div'd into Your Majesty's Intentions then my self, I should think my self too blame, if I did not seek to render my Absence agreeable, when my Presence could no longer be to your Benefit. I beseech Your Ma­jesty, in that particular, to do your self Justice, and to make use of your Goodness in my behalf; it being no less just that you should satisfie your self, then it would be an Effect of your Goodness, to let him take his Rest, who could never think himself at ease, but when he was certainly convinc'd that his Pains procur'd Your Maje­sty's Repose.


YOur Majesty will pardon me, if I take the Boldness to return Your Majesty Thanks for the Honour you have been pleas'd to do me, in conferring upon my Ne­phew an Abby, the Air and Situation of which being near to Paris, may be of great Advantage to promote his Studies. I can assure Your Majesty, he has a very authentick Dispensation from Rome; and that, in Ac­knowledgment of the Favour you have been pleas'd to do him, I shall heartily pray to God, that he will be plea­sed to heap upon Your Majesty his Blessings in abundance, and make me able to manifest to Your Majesty, how much I am, &c.

LETTER LXXVI. From Cardinal Richlieu, to the QUEEN.

IT was impossible for me to represent to Your Majesty my Affliction, when I understood by the Letter with which you were pleas'd to honour me, that God has not as yet bestow'd that Blessing on your Nuptialls, which we promis'd our selves from his Goodness. I can assure Your Majesty, that the King is no less griev'd for your sake, then for his own, and the Misfortune of his Kingdom.

However, I beseech yee not to afflict your self; it be­ing certain, that what God is not pleas'd to send at one time, may come to pass at another: And that he has hi­therto manifested so particular a Care of France, that he will, doubtless, crown the Blessings he has in Store for us, with that which he knows to be the only one that can compleat our Happiness. I fervently pray for it; and be­seech Your Majesty to believe, that there is no Man who desires it with more Passion then I do; who am, and ever will be, to my Life's End, &c.


IF, through the Fault of another, I have fail'd Your Majesty, by assuring you of a thing that has not come to pass so soon as I expected, I hope Your Majesty will not think me too blame; but rather condemn the Incon­stancy of those who have not fulfill'd what they were ob­lig'd to by a Treaty. Though there was no Fault com­mitted by me, in giving Your Majesty Advice of the En­try which the King was to have made into Nancy, yet I must confess I was so sorry I had relied so much upon the Faith of another, that I never durst have re-issum'd the Boldness to have writ to Your Majesty, had not Time re­pair'd the Mistake I fell into. I assure Your Majesty, that it shall never be my Misfortune again to build upon that, which not depending upon my self, shall not be as abso­lutely [Page 56] certain as my Fidelity to Your Majesty, which is, and shall be ever, &c.

LETTER LXXVIII. From Card. Richlieu, to the Count of Soissons.

I Told the Sieur Campion, the Bearer hereof, what I thought would be for your Good, which terminates in this, That you will always receive the Effects of the King's Goodness, provided you will be pleas'd to put your self into a Condition to merit 'em. It will not be Prudence, Sir, in you to juggle with His Majesty in certain things, to which the Pretension aloneis odious, so long as it tends to the Diminution of his Honour and Authority. I be­seech yee so to demean your self, as may be for your own Good; and to be confident that I shall desire all Oppor­tunities to serve you: And you shall find by the Effects, that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER LXXIX. From the KING, to the same Person.

I have receiv'd your Letter, wherein you assure me of your Innocence; which being willing to believe, I have nothing farther to say to yee, but that I will always refer the Causes of such of my Subjects that fail in what they owe to my Person, and my Realm, to the Judges, whose Susiness it is to take Cognizance of their Actions. I promi [...] my [...] that your Conduct will ever be such as I desire it should be: And upon that Consideration, I will assure yee of my Affection, and pray to God to have yee in his ho [...]y Keeping, &c.

LETTER LXXX. From Card. Richlieu, to the Duke of Vendosme.

I Have receiv'd the Letter you were pleas'd to write me concerning your Sons, whom I will serve to the uttermost of my Power, in reference to the Journey 'tis your Pleasure they should take. I dare be confident, they are so well born, and govern themselves with so much Conduct at Court, that we cannot speak so well of 'em as they deserve. I shall esteem my self happy, If I may be able to testifie my Affection to Them, and to your self, that I am, &c.

LETTER LXXXI. To the Count of Soissons.

I Leave M. de Mazieres to let you know by Word of Mouth the King's extraordinary Joy upon the News you sent him of the Queen's being with Child, to the end I may tell you my self, that for my own Particular, I make no doubt of the Truth of what you are pleas'd to acquaint me with in the Letter, which you were pleas'd to write me upon that Subject; knowing, as I do, how passionate­ly you desire the Settlement of the Realm, and Their Majesties Contentment. I beseech you to believe, that a greater Felicity could not befall me, then to meet some Opportunity, wherein I might give you real Proofs of my sincere Affection; as being, and desiring to be ever, &c.

LETTER LXXXII. To the Count d' Harcourt.

THE Sieur Faret comes to wait upon you with the reasons which ought to perswade you to live in Amity with Monsieur the Archbishop of Bourdeaux, whose Interests I cannot by any means relinquish. 'Tis for the King's Service, your Honour, and my particular satisfa­ction. These considerations perswade me, that you will demean your self upon this Occasion, as his Majesty ex­pects you should, as you ought your self to do, and as I most certainly promise my self. I have written to the Sieur de Bordeaux, that he shall correspond on his part, as far as you can desire. And I am confident he will not fail to contribute what lies in his Power toward so good a pur­pose; which without question will be very advantageous to the King's Affairs, and honourable to both sides, where­as the continuance of that coldness which has been be­tween you, will produce the contrary Effects.

LETTER LXXXIII. To the Duke of Bouillon.

I Make no question but that in the Places where you are, you contribute toward the King's Service, whatever His Majesty can expect from your Zeal and Affection for his Affairs. M. de Noyers will give you such a particular accompt, of what M. de Thou remonstrated to him on your behalf, that having nothing farther to add, I shall say no more then only this, that His Majesty's desire to see the Count in that Condition that becomes him near his Per­son, has enclin'd him to send M. de Bautru to him, in or­der to give him all the satisfaction he can desire. I pro­mise my self that this News will please you so much the more, because I am confidently assur'd, that there is no­thing that lies in your power, which you would not contribute toward so good an End. For my own part, such is the esteem I have for yee, that it will be no small [Page 59] Satisfaction to me, to have an Opportunity to let you see by real Effects, that no body has more Sincerity then my self, &c.

LETTER LXXXIV. To M. de Bethune, during the Siege of Pig­nerol, by Father Joseph.

I Have delay'd to let you hear from us, as being desirous to give you certain Information of what Resolutions are to be taken upon the Uncertainties wherewith the Duke of Savoy still amnses us. For though his Carriage in these present Affairs gave us Cause enough to believe what now we see, I thought it convenient however that we should shut our Eyes, and practise Patience in several things, that we might not omit any Means to close with the King's just Intentions for the Defence of the Duke of Mantua's Territories, as he is oblig'd by the Treaty of Suza; wherein every body knows that His Majesty had no other Aim, than the Repose of Italy, and the Preserva­tion of the publick Liberty. But at last the said Duke made it so manifestly appear, that there was no Reason to relie upon what might be reasonably expected from him, that all those Persons who, together with my self, were in­trusted with the Conduct of that Army, were of Opi­nion, that the King's Service, the Reputation of his Arms, and the Welfare of his Confederates, requir'd, that we should seek for more certain Assurances then Words from the said Duke. Instead of furnishing us with Provisions, as he had solemnly promis'd the King; and causing Twenty Thousand Sacks of Corn to be deliver'd on this side, for the like Quantity which the King had put into Nice; after he had deliver'd us a small Quantity, and re­duc'd us to Necessity, he, by a general Prohibition, for­bade all his Subjects to assist us any manner of way; shew'd all the Marks of Jealousie, and exercis'd all the Acts of Hostility, that a declar'd Enemy could have done. For when we came to Veillana, though there were a River between him and us, he put all his Men into that place, and caus'd 'em to advance as we march'd: He seiz'd upon [Page 60] all the Passes, through which Provisions could come to us; and at length declar'd, that he would not stand to what he had promis'd by the Treaty of Suza; which was, to join with France to procure the Duke of Mantua the peaceable Enjoyment of his Territories, and pacifie the Troubles of Italy, if the King would not assure him to lay down Arms, till after the Conquest of Milanois and Genoua. By this 'tis easie to judge, whether the said Duke's Designs could be conformable to His Majesty's, who had not been persuaded to this War, but only to succour his Confederates, and settle the Repose of Christendom. These new Propositions of the Duke of Savoy, and the Extremi­ties which the King's Army suffer'd in Cazeletta, where he seem'd to have lodg'd us on purpose, caus'd us to quit that place, and march to Rivola, where we arriv'd the 18th of this Month. But before we set forward, I sent a Gentleman to the Duke, who was then at Rivola, to desire him that we might have a little more Room for the Convenience of the Army, which could not pass forward without being more certain of his Intentions: But the Duke being gone before Day, he could not meet with him. The next Day I sent to him the Sieur Servien, to let him understand the same Reasons; and to give the Nuncio Pancirollo an Account of 'em: But the Duke would neither see the said Sieur Servien, nor permit him to speak with the Nuncio; nor with Signior Sorenze, the Venetian Ambassador; who were both at that time in Turin. The same day I dispatch'd away the Sieur de L'Isles, that, at least, he might pay his Respect to Monsieur, and Madam, the Princess of Piemont; and declare to them, how great a Grief it would be to me, that the Duke of Savoy should give the King any Cause, by his ill Conduct, to com­plain of him, and to seek Assurances otherwhere then in his Promises: Put the Gates of Turin being shut against that Gentleman, he return'd without being able to deli­ver his Message. Upon which, the Mareschals of France, and other Principal Officers of the Army, prudently judg'd, that he was resolv'd no longer to hearken to any thing on the King's Behalf; that he was extreamly averse from the King's Intentions; and that he rather chose to have a War in his own Country, then to quit his Design of engaging the King in a continual War against the King of Spain, and the Genoneses; and caus'd em, together with my self, to conclude upon this Extremity; That we were to make use of that Force which His Majesty had put into [Page 61] our Hands, to do what was most advantageous for the Good of his Service. We all agreed to march to Pigne­rol, because it afforded us a more easie Passage of Provi­sions from France, which the Duke of Savoy deny'd us. We arriv'd there the 21th of this Month; and this Day the Town surrender'd, with great probability that the Cittadel will do the like in few Days. Perousa, and the Fort adjoining to it, which His Highness built about a Year ago, to give a Jealousie to the Inhabitants of Pragelas, who adhere to the King, made no Resistance against our Men: So that from this place where we now are, there is a free Passage into France. I cannot express the People's Joy, in the midst of the Calamities of the War, to find that the King is now their Sovereign; such is their Veneration for his Justice and Clemency. You may be pleas'd to acquaint His Holiness of this Success, and to let him know the Reasons of our Proceedings; which I make no question but he will approve, and judge 'em to be of great Importance and Benefit, to put a stop, in some measure, to the Oppressions and Violences that afflict, or threaten to afflict all Italy; to which all the Remedies apply'd by the Care and Admonitions of His Holiness have been hitherto fruitless. If he will be pleas'd to favour His Majesty's good Intentions, there is great Reason to hope that he may obtain those Ends which he has always propos'd to himself, for the common Good. My Assurance that you will leave nothing omitted that depends upon your Prudence and Care to persuade him to, obliges me to say no more, but that I am, &c.

A Memoir sent to M. de Berhune, af­ter the taking of the Cittadel of Pigne­rol.

MOnsieur Bethune will see by the Answers of Mon­sieurs Spinola and Colalto to the Proposals contain'd in the Rough Draught of the Peace, which Monsieur the Cardinal has sent to M. Pancirollo, how unreasonable the said Answer is, and the little Likelihood that we can be satisfied with it, in order to the procuring a solid Peace; [Page 62] to the end that after he has consider'd it, he may take his time to inform the Pope of it.

Which done, he shall beseech His Holiness to let the Spanish Ambassador know his Sentiments upon it; which, according to Equity, cannot be otherwise then conform­able to His Majesty's; to the end that the Spaniards being out of hopes of concealing any longer their Artifices from His Holiness, may be constrain'd to agree in things that are just; and which may as well for the present, as for the future, remove all Occasions of any farther Troubles.

The said Sieur de Bethune shall represent to His Holi­ness, That one of the principal Reasons why the King sent his Forces into Italy, having been the often re-iterated Instances of His Holiness, it would be an extream Grief to him, should His Holiness testifie any Coldness to fa­vour a Design, to which he was induc'd with so much the more Zeal, because His Holiness approv'd the Justice of it; and rightly apprehended how much the Success of it would conduce to the Liberty of Italy, to establish the Dig­nity of the Holy See, and to the Security of the Pope's Person; which were the most forcible Arguments that could move His Majesty.

That although His Holiness is desirous to preserve the Name and Effect of Common Father, that ought not to hinder him, but oblige him rather, to make use of his Au­thority to chastise those who trouble the Family; and re­duce 'em to their Duty, instead of assisting 'em in the Exe­cution of their wicked Intentions.

And this was apparently done by His Holiness's Mini­sters in the State of Ferrara, where they reliev'd the Ger­mans with Corn; when all Italy knows, that without that Relief, they could not have subsisted; though they made use of it, only to commit, with more Leisure and Conve­venience, the greatest Prophanations of holy Things, and the most horrid Cruelties upon all sorts of Persons, that are not to be imagin'd.

Moreover, the said Corn was set at so high a Rate, that we have Reason to think it was done on purpose to scare the Venetians from buying it; which the Germans were wil­ling to do, considering the Extremity they were in, and not wanting Money, after they had plunder'd the State of Mantua, and all the neighbouring Princes; for which they may thank the Pope's Officers.

M. de Bethune is also to complain of His Holiness's granting Passage several times to the Troops, in their [Page 63] March from Naples into Milanols; and so desire him to let the French have the same Privilege, when they shall have an Occasion to march through his Fortresses, to aid the Ve­netians, and the Duke of Mantua.

The said Sieur de Bethune shall tell him, The King can­not believe (though he be well assur'd of it) that His Holiness, or his Nephew, the Legate, have within this lit­tle while been very importunate with the Duke of Mantua to agree these Differences, without giving any notice of it to the King: As also, to beg the Emperor's Pardon; which would suppose, that he and his Confederates had been too blame in upholding a Cause so just, and of which His Ho­liness all along declar'd his Approbation.

M. de Bethune must have receiv'd a Letter which the Car­dinal wrote him about Fifteen Days ago, wherein he sends him word, that the King would be extreamly pleas'd, if His Holiness would but lay his Commands upon Bagni to reside in his Army in Italy, that so he might be a Testimo­ny of His Majesty's good Intentions, and his just pro­ceeding upon this Occasion: And that he would do well to be very importunate with His Holiness, in the very Terms of the Letter. But if the Letter be not come to his hands, and he finds the Pope is not inclin'd to what is desir'd, M. de Bethune shall renew his Instances in that Par­ticular, and use such Arguments as he shall think most proper to persuade His Holiness to condescend to His Ma­jesty's Desire; considering that he knows the Prudence, the Probity, and Affection of the said Cardinal to His Holi­ness, and the common Good. Nevertheless, avoiding to give the Pope any Occasion to believe that this proceeds from any Distrust of those whom he employs; or that the King seeks after a Peace, but only because the said Cardinal Bagni, having been a long time vers'd in this Af­fair, can be no Prejudice to His Holiness's Design for the publick Repose; more especially, seeing the Decease of Don Carlo, his Brother, may render the Presence of the said Cardinal most useful in those Quarters.

LETTER LXXXVI. From Card. Richlieu, to the said Sieur de Bethune.

I Send you the Memoir annex'd, which I desire you care­fully to peruse, and then to acquaint His Holiness with it. I promise my self that you will omit nothing that de­pends upon your Care and Prudence, to make the Pope clearly sensible, that all the Proposals of these Gentlemen tend to no other End, then to compleat the Ruin of the Duke of Mantua, and to deprive Italy of that little Liber­ty she has left her, by the Words of a Peace, under which they hatch the Seeds of a perpetual War, if the Authority of His Holiness, and the Princes of Italy, who are princi­pally concern'd therein, being assisted by His Majesty's good Intentions and Puissance, do not apply a speedy Re­medy. This is all I have to say to yee in this Letter, ex­pecting to hear from yee.

LETTER LXXXVII. To Cardinal Lodovisio, after the Taking of Pignerol.

I am here at the Gate of Italy, with a Design to do what lies in my power, under the King's Commands and Au­thority, to settle a safe and solid Peace. I have so good an Opinion of your Judgment, that I make no question but that you clearly see into His Majesty's good Intentions; who following the Example of his Predecessors, has pro­pos'd to himself, as the principal End of his Actions, to support the Honour, and settle the Security of the Holy See, and establish the Repose of Christendom. I presume to hope from the Goodness of God, who is a Witness of this Truth, that he will vouchsafe his Blessing upon the Care His Majesty takes in the Defence of so just a Cause.

LETTER LXXXVIII. To M. de Bethune.

I was very glad to find by the Letter which your Son M. Bouthillier deliver'd me from your self, that the Pope speaks so well of the King; that His Holiness approves His Majesty's Actions, and all that has been done for some Months since at his Court, (The Queen at Compeigne.) So that you may assure your self, that as there is no Prince in Christendom, who more sincerely honours and respects His Holiness, then His Majesty; so there is not any one, who more passionately desires the continuance of his Favours, then he does. For my part, 'tis impossible for me to express to yee in Words my real Acknowledgment of the Testimo­nies which His Beatitude vouchsafes to give of my Con­duct. I beseech yee, when Occasion offers, to let him know, and assure him, that as I am infinitely beholding to him, so there is no Person living more affectionate to him then I am, who will omit nothing that lies in my power, to give him certain Proofs of this Truth, upon all Oppor­tunities that present themselves. And be assur'd also, that I will never lose any one, to let you see that I am, &c.

LETTER LXXXIX. The Draught of the King's Letter to the Pro­vinces, upon M. Schomberg's Entring Sa­voy with his Army.

MY Cousin, the Cardinal of Richlieu, coming to at­tend me at Grenoble, according to my Order, has given a particular Account of what fell out in his Journey for Piedmont; where he has omitted nothing that I could expect from his Fidelity, Courage and Prudence; as well in the Conduct of my Arms, as in the Negotiations of a Peace, upon several Proposals made by His Holiness, by my Cousin the Cardinal Antonio, his Legate, and the Nun­cio's employ'd to that End, as also by other Persons, who [Page 66] have propounded several Conditions so remote from Rea­son, and with so little Security for my Cousin the Duke of Mantua's Territories, or those of the rest of the Italian Princes, that I could not give my Consent to 'em, with­out greatly prejudicing my Dignity and Reputation. They would prescribe the Duke of Mantua Laws altoge­ther new; and deprive him of the Liberty of making use of such Persons or Nations as he shall judge conve­nient for the ordinary Guard of his Strong Holds; and yet they will not so much as assure him neither of the In­vestiture of his Dutchies, but only as a thing which he may hope for, after he has sent to demand it of the Em­peror, which he has done formerly several times, by his Son; which would be to expose the Success of an unjust thing to the Inconveniencies of delay'd Resolutions, which are frequently subject to remarkable Changes. They would also oblige me to deliver up Suza and Pigne­rol, and other Places which I hold in Piedmont, only resto­ring the Passes of the Grisons; and yet not oblige 'em to surrender the Valtolin [...], according to the Treaties and A­greements formerly made between us; the Performance of which we reserv'd to our selves, with Power to cause the Breaches thereof to be made good by the Parties. Be­sides which Conditions, the Duke of Savoy demands, that the Annual Rent of Fifteen Thousand Crowns in Gold, which I caus'd the Duke of Mantua to grant him the Pay­ment of, for his Pretensions in Montferrat, should be paid him in old Rents and Duties; which he made to amount to three time, more then I promis'd him, to the end he might swallow up the best part of Montferrat by his exces­sive D [...]mands. Therefore seeing things so far remote from Reason and Peace on the part of the Authors of this War, who affect Scruples and Niceties to justifie themselves in their unjust Usurpations and Enterprizes; [...] the Answers which my Cousin of Richlieu return'd 'em [...] Command, having sufficiently made known to 'em [...] of my Intentions, and my Desire of the publick Peace and Tranquility; and that the Duke of [...], who, by a [...]reaty made between him and me the last Year, was oblig'd to join his Arms with mine, and allow 'em a safe and free Passage through his Dominions, and furnish 'em with necessary Ammunition and Provi­sions in their March into [...], for the Defence of the said Duke of M [...]n [...]un, never minded the Performance of the said Obligation, as he was several times requested by [Page 67] my said Cousin: I have therefore been constrain'd to make use of the Means that God has put into my hands, and to enter by Force of Arms into the Countries and Territories of Savoy, in order to open a Passage into Ita­ly, for the Succour of the Duke of Mantua, and to main­tain the rest of the Princes, my Confederates, in their an­cient Liberty. And in regard my principal Aim is, to procure 'em an assured Peace and Repose, and not to usurp upon my Neighbours, I shall not neglect any Means to ob­tain it, whether by Force of Arms, or by a Treaty of Peace, provided it may de made, as I desire, upon sure and rea­sonable Conditions, for the Repose and Liberty of Italy; correspondent to the Dignity of my Crown, and the Au­thority of my Mediation, &c.

LETTER XC. From Cardinal Richlieu, to M. d'Avaux.

JUdging it to be altogether requisite that the Republick of Venice should satisfie the Pope, in reference to his Nomination of Cardinal Cornaro to be Bishop of Padua, as well for the Respect they owe His Holiness, as in Conside­ration of the present Conjuncture of Affairs, I write you these Lines, to desire yee that you would contribute all your good Offices with the Lords of the Senate; and to let 'em understand, that the King's pressing Importunity proceeds from his Affection for 'em, and his Considera­tion of their Advantage. I promise my self, that you will leave nothing omitted that may be expected from you, to surmount the Difficulties you may meet with in this Affair; and accomplish it to the Satisfaction of His Holiness, and His Majesty; considering how great a Sha­ter he is in what concerns His Holiness. For which Rea­son I shall forbear to urge you any farther, but conclude with affuring yee, that I am, &c.

LETTER XCI. To M. de Brassac.

I Write you these Lines, to acquaint you, that it has pleas'd the King to nominate Monsieur, the President Coigneux, to the Dignity of a Cardinal, as a Person whom he deems worthy of that Honour; and to conjure yee, that you will contribute what lies in you towards the Ac­complishment of this Affair; as well in Consideration that it is His Majesty's Desire, as for the Satisfaction it will be to Monsieur, provided it may be effected as soon as possble. And although I know that these are Motives so prevalent in your Mind, that all other Persuasives would be need­less, I cannot but recommend this Affair to your Sedulity, with much more Affection then if it were for my self, who shall be ready to testifie my Acknowledgment upon all Opportunities that shall present themselves, to let you see that I am, &c.

LETTER XCII. To the same Person.

THough I have already written to yee in behalf of Monsieur, the President Coigneilx, concerning the No­mination which the King has been pleas'd to make of his Person to the Dignity of Cardinal; yet I cannot but re­new my former Instances, that you will contribute what lies in your Power, that the said Sieur le Coigneux may, as soon as possible, have that Satisfaction which he promises himself, according to His Majesty's Pleasure, and Mon­sieur's Desire. My Considence that you will leave nothing omitted to this End, prevents my saying any more; but obliges me to assure yee, that I shall account my self as much indebted in Acknowledgment of your Care, as if I were to receive the Effects of it my self; who am, and shall be ever, &c.

LETTER XCIII. To the Ambassdors, upon Occasion of His Emi­nency's being out of Favour with the Queen-Mother.

THey who are remote, frequently apprehending things to be otherwise then they are, I thought it requi­site to let yee know, that the Queen-Mother has declar'd, she will no longer make use of my Service, nor of those that have any Kindness for me, who had the Honour to be near her Person. And though, after a diligent Search within my self for the Cause of this Misfortune, I find no other then my own hard Fate; well knowing that the Pleasure of Princes ought to be as absolute as their Power, I neither can nor ought to do any thing more, then only religiously obey Her Majesty's Will. It is impossible for me to express my extream Grief for this unhappy Acci­dent, which, however, shall not hinder me from seeking all Opportunities to serve the Queen, to whom I am most strictly bound for the past Testimonies of her good Will which she was pleas'd to bestow upon me; which were such, that this last Act of hers is not capable to make me lose the Remembrance of 'em. After so great a Misfor­tune, I thought there was nothing more for me to do, but to retire home; but it was not the King's Pleasure to per­mit me: 'Twas his Desire that I should be near his Person, and still continue the Management of his Affairs, where­in he vouchsafes to honour me. not only with his Prote­ction, but with a good Will so singular, that he can make no Addition to it. I am, in hopes to render my self so worthy of it by my Actions, that if hither to His Majesty has shewn himself so well satisfy'd with 'em, they will yet more confirm him in his good Opinion. As for your parts, I beseech yee to believe, that it will be a great Con­tentment to me, to let you see upon all Occasions, that I am, &c.

LETTER XCIV. To Monsieur Brassac, Ambassador at Rome.

M. Mazarin has shew'd so much Address and Affection in the Negotiation of Peace, that I write you these three Words by the King's Command, to let you know, that you can do nothing more acceptable to His Majesty, then to acquaint the Pope how greatly he is con­tented with it; and neatly, by the by, to favour him in what you can; and assist him in obtaining the Nuncia­ture of France, so soon as the present Nuncio shall be re­call'd to Rome, for better Preferment. And I make it my own particular Request, that you will negotiate this Af­fair with Cardinal Barberini Which I do, not only, for the sake of that Affection which I bear the said Sieur Ma­zarin; but because I know not any Person who can be more serviceable to the Holy See, then he. You may be pleas'd to send me word, how your good Offices in his be­half shall be receiv'd: And in the mean time, believe that I am, &c.

LETTER XCV. To the same.

I Write you these Lines, to return you Thanks for your Care and Vigilance in the Promotion of my Brother; and to let you know how deeply sensible I am of it. The Manner which His Holiness observ'd in doing the King this [...], and what he said of me in the Consistory, [...], obliges me. I beg of yee to make him sensible [...]; and to assure him, that there is not any [...] who serves him more willingly then I do, [...] that present themselves. This Courier [...] News that will by very acceptable to him; [...] him an Account that Richer is return'd to his [...] submitted his Book to the Church, and the [...] condemning it himself, as you will see. [...] been several Attempts to reduce him to this [Page 71] Point; and God has been pleas'd that our Endeavours have not prov'd in vain. These are the Fruits of the King's Ver­tue; in Consideration of which, God multiplies his Bles­sings upon his Reign I beseech yee to assure Mousitour the Cardinal Barberini, that I shall passionately study all Ways to serve him; and that my Brother going to Rome, will not be, by the Help of God, the most unprofitable Sub­ject that ever His Holiness advanc'd. The King's Desire to manifest his Affection to all the Pope's Family, will af­ford him an Opportunity to give continual Proofs of his Zeal for His Holiness's Service. For your particular, I beg yee to believe, that you will always find me, &c.

LETTER XCVI. To Monsieur Barrault, Ambassador in Spain.

I Receiv'd two Letters which your Secretary brought me, and have consider'd the Purport of what he was intrust­ed withal. As for the great Offers which the Count d'Oli­varez has made you, in case the King will relinquish the Hollanders, 'tis done to no other end, then only to incline 'em to the Truce, by giving 'em some Occasion to believe that the King will no longer assist 'em. Never mind this Discourse, nor talk no more of it to him, unless he speaks of it himself: and if he does, you shall tell him, that Am­bassadors being sent to hear what would be propounded to them, and not to talk of Things for which they have no Commission, you can make no other Use of hearing what he has to say, then to inform the King: Which done, you shall return him an Answer according to the Commands which you shall receive from the King; but you shall not be oblig'd to send back any thing, but what has some­thing of Probability and Foundation in it. And in a Word, If he makes you any extravagant Proposals, you shall tell him, that you will not trouble your self to acquaint the King with 'em. However, you must not fail to do it.

As to the Proposals of the Duke of Guastalla, I see little likelihood of good Effect in 'em: However, nothing is to be neglected; and if he talks any more of 'em, you ought to know what his Intentions are, and what is the utmost he would desire: By which Means we may negotiate the [Page 72] Business with his Father, if there be any Assurance of him. And lastly, You must dive into all the Circumstances, by which we may be able to clear up, and distinctly terminate an Affair of this nature. Either the Spaniards are they who cause him to act this Part, or else he would have two Strings to his Bow to get rid of the Business, in case the French have the Advantage of the War in Italy. As to the other Business about which your Secretary spoke to me, I com­municated it to the King and Queen, alone by themselves. They desire you would sift it a little farther, as Opportu­nities offer, to the end you may not only discover the things themselves, but who they are that give the Counsel. You know well that you are to carry your self nicely in this Af­fair: So that I shall say no more, but only that I am, &c.

LETTER XCVII. To the Sieur de Lingendes, Secretary to the Spanish Ambassador.

I Have taken a Resolution to send the Sieur de Puy to those Quarters where you are, to buy me five and twenty Spa­nish Horses, if he can meet with so many to his liking. I make no question, but that for my sake you will assist him as much as lies in your Power; and chiefly for the obtain­ing such Pasports as will be necessary for the Exportation of the said Horses. Upon which Account, I desire you to deliver to the Count d'Olivarez the Letter, of which I send you the Copy. And if by chance you meet with any Dif­ficulty, or that, according to the Spanish Custom, they go about to put yee off by delaying their Dispatches, never trouble your self to dance Attendance after 'em, or to fol­low 'em with Requests and Importunities: But tell the Count d'Olivarez, that you will send back the said M. de Puy, to give me an Account, that he could not effect what he came for. You are too sufficiently clear-sighted, not to give us notice of the Movements you shall observe upon this Occasion: So that I shall add no more, but that I am, &c.

LETTER XCVIII. To M. de Nouailles, Ambassador at Rome.

THE King having done the Marquiss of Sourdis's Daughter, a Nun in the Abby of M [...]-Maitre, the Honour to appoint her Coadjutrix in the said Abby, as deeming her worthy of it, my affection to her Father and all his Family has induc'd me to write you these lines, to beg of you, upon that consideration, to be earnest with his Holiness and his Nephews, not only for the dispatch of the Bulls requisite, but also for obtaining a Dispensati­on by reason of her Age, which is necessary for the said Nun, so that her whole Family who are not a little glad of this her Preferment, may have reason to know, of what weight my Recommendation is with you, and what esteem you put upon it. Assuring you that in all other things, wherein I shall have an occasion to testify my acknowledg­ment, you shall find that I am really, &c.

LETTER XCIX. To M. de Fontenay, Ambassador at Rome.

THE King being just now going to make great pre­parations of Men, and particularly of Foreigners, I thought fit by this Letter once more to renew my re­quest to yee, that you would be pleas'd to agree with Cardinal Antonio for raising of 3000 Men, according to the proposals which he caus'd to be made to the King, so that His Majesty may know the exact time when they will be ready for his Service. And to shew the Cardinal how much the King depends upon that Levy, he desires they may be sent into France, rather then be left in Italy, where they will be more apt to desert. They may be embark'd at Civita Veechia, and landed at Marseilles; and by that means the Pope will have no reason to complain, seeing the King intends to make use of 'em for the Defence of his Kingdom, and not to employ 'em against his Enemies [Page 72] [...] [Page 73] [...] [Page 74] in Italy. I beg of yee to hasten this Affair, and to send me a speedy answer to what I have written upon this ac­compt.

LETTER C. To M. de Marillac, Keeper of the Seals.

I Send you back the Declaration for the maim'd Soldi­ers, with the memoir of what Monsieur the Marshal Schomberg and my self had thought of upon that Subject, however submitting the whole to what M. the Cardinal of Rochefoucaut, and you shall judge more proper. And in­deed, it is of great importance, just and necessary, that care should be taken of the lives of those poor Soldiers, who can so well contemn it, when there is an occasion, for the service of His Majesty. I am very glad that Mon­sieur has succeeded so well in his Business. I beseech God, with all my heart, that for the future he may meet with no more Spirits of Division. I have been extreamly trou­bl'd to hear that the King has been indispos'd, though it were but slightly, and more glad that he is now well again, God be thanked, as they write me word.

LETTER CI. To the same Person.

I Received your Letter of the 4th. of this Month; in answer to which I must tell you, I am very glad to un­derstand there is such a good Correspondence between you and Monsieur the Surintendant; it being a thing which I have always desir'd for the good of the King's Affairs; not doubting but that it will continue and grow more u­nited every day then other. As for the slanders which you mention in your Letter, you know how I have been per­secuted with 'em. But in regard they are altogether groundless, there is no heed to be given to 'em; they ex­ercise [Page 75] the Patience of those upon whom they are thrown, and redound to the honour of those to whose disgrace and mischief they were first intended.

LETTER CII. To the same Person.

I was desirous to impart to you in this Letter the News which is come to the King, which, in my Opinion, will not be unacceptable to you, seeing it is advantageous to His Majesty's Affairs. The Enemy designing to hinder the joining of the Army in Savoy, with that in Piedmont, by stopping up the Passage, were so vigorously repuls'd, that Eight Hundred were slain upon the place, and two Hundred taken Prisoners, among which is the Brother of Prince Doria, General of the Spanish Cavalry, with seve­ral other Officers of Note; besides Nineteen Colours of Foot, and three Cornets of Horse taken. I promise my self from the Goodness of God, that this happy beginning will be attended with many successes equal to it; I pray for it with all my heart, and beg of you to believe, &c.

LETTER CIII. To M. de Chasteau-neuf, Keeper of the Seals.

I Found M. de Leuville to be of Opinion just as you sent me word. After you have heard M. de Castelane, I believe M. d' Toyras will submit; I send you the Memoir which the said Sieur de Castelane sent me, with my Re­flections upon it. M. de Toiras is one of your distemper'd Spirits, who, as I am apt to believe, with a little help would cure himself. I desire it for his own good, and for the King's satisfaction, because I know he would be well pleas'd to see that he has not sow'd his favours in bar­ren Ground. This day I set forward with an intention to get to Paris, with that weakness which usually remains after great sickness, and with a desire to let you know that I am, &c.

LETTER CIV. To the same Person.

MOnsieur de Montmorency having desir'd me to write to you in the behalf of M. the Baron of Dizimieux concerning a Pardon for an Extravagance committed in St. Marcellin, where he had a Company in Garrison, I could not refuse him this Letter, wherein I recommend this Business to your favour, so far as you shall judge a­greeable to Justice. He desires also in case the said par­don may be obtain'd, that you will do him the kindness to direct it to the intendant of Justice in that Army, be­cause he pretends it to be a Military Crime, within his jurisdiction; besides, that he cannot prosecute the allow­ance of it before other Judges, because he is oblig'd to be with his Company. The said Sieur de Dizimieux is a Kins­man of M. de Montmorency's, who serv'd the King with his Company during the Commotions in Langudoc, and now actually serves him in his Army in Italy, and therefore de­serves to be consider'd upon this occasion, upon which I shall enlarge my self no further, then to assure you, that I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CV. To M. Seguier, Chancellour.

I Was very glad to find by your Letter, that St. George receiv'd you at Pont de Larche, with those Honours which I commanded him to pay you, to testify the Esteem which I have of your Person, and that in all places where I have any Credit, you shall have as much Power as my self. And though I doubt not but he discharg'd his Duty the best that he could, I could have wish'd he had done bet­ter for my own satisfaction. To tell yee the Truth, I am much more satisfy'd then I can express to yee, with your Reception at Roven, seeing by the good Order which you have already reduc'd things to, that the King's Authority is absolutely recover'd; insomuch that to restore it to that [Page 77] Condition wherein it ought to be, there remains no more to do, but to put in Execution what you wrote me word of. The Declaration which you sent to M. de Noyers is very well. In a word, I repeat it to yee once more, I see no­thing farther to be done in Rouen and Normandy, but what you have projected. In the Prosecution of which, I be­seech yee to remember, that you cannot make too great an Example of some Offenders upon such an Occasion. I still persist in my Belief, that the Occasion being such at Con­stance, as it is represented, besides the Punishment of parti­cular Persons that shall be found guilty, it will be expe­dient to throw down the Walls of the City, to the end the rest of the Cities in the Kingdom may be afraid of the same Usage in case of Disobedience.

You have so well began, that I doubt not but you will crown your Circuit with a happy Conclusion; which will regulate Normandy so well, that there will be no reason to fear any farther Mutinies in that Province, nor in any of the rest, which will certainly keep within the Bounds of their Obedience, for fear of the like Punishment.

LETTER CVI. To Monsieur Bouthillier.

I Receiv'd your second Letter, upon which the King would never be induc'd to make any Alteration▪ The Queen will tell you, when you return, that it wanted but very little, that the second Importunities which were urg'd after these, had not had the same Event which hap­pen'd at Nantes. He let loose his Passion so far, as to say, with some Commotion that reflected upon my self, that he wish'd me already gone, and that you had your usual Easinesses. In a Word, There is no more to be done. I set forward upon Wednesday, without fail, with a Desire to be always, &c.

LETTER CVII. To the same Person.

BEing my Friend, as you are, I doubt not but that you bear a Share, as well in my Sickness, as in my Reco­very. Nevertheless, I can tell yee, they began to sing Triumph before the Victory, there being a Rumour spread about in Paris, as you wrote me word, of my Recovery, before it was really so effectual as I had reason to desire it. You will understand by M. de Chauvigny the Series of my Distemper; so that I have no more to say at present, but that the last Aposteme, which rose after the two preceding days, broke of it self this Night, when the Physicians and Chirurgeons were at a loss in what part it was proper to launce it. Which makes me attribute this voluntary Opera­tion of Nature to the only Goodness of God, through which I hope a perfect Cure. I promise my self, this News will be as much to your Content, as you were griev'd at the Growth of my Distemper, knowing how great a Sharer you are in my Concerns. I am glad to understand by your Letter, after what manner Madam d'Angoulesme en­ter'd into the Place where she is, which makes me hope she will continue there. For my part, in whatever Con­dition I am, I shall ever be what I have always been.

LETTER CVIII. To M. de Bullion.

THE King having granted the Queen an Augmenta­tion of Fifty Thousand Livres, towards her House­keeping, I desire Monsieur Bullion, by this little Note, as having already spoke to him by Word of Mouth, that Her Majesty may enjoy the Favour which the King has been pleas'd to vouchsafe her. There is so much Reason she should be satisfy'd in this Particular, so necessary for the Subsistence of her Houshold, that I doubt not but Monsieur Bullion will be ready to content her. I beg of him to do it as much as in him lies, as well for the [Page 79] Queen's Satisfaction, as for that I think it but a reason able Request.

LETTER CIX. To M. Chavigny.

I send away this Bearer, to let you know that the King has already had two little Fits of a Tertian Ague, nei­ther of which held him above three Hours, having had the full Time of their Intermission. Be pleas'd to give Monsieur notice of it, that he may send to know how His Majesty does: In the mean time, let him not be troubl'd, for there is nothing of Danger. I will acquaint yee from time to time of the Course of this Indisposition, which, in my Opinion, will end in five Fits of a Tertian Ague. His Majesty fore-seeing that Monsieur's good Nature may in­duce him to make more haste then is needful, has com­manded me to write to yee, that you will do him the kind­ness to divert him from a precipitate Journey; as well for that it would cause too loud an Alarm, as also for that, as you know well, they who are sick have no need of putting Constraints upon themselves. But the King's Civility is such, that though his Distemper should require him to take some Medicament, of which the Operation is as necessary, as the expressing it undecent; yet he would refrain it out of that Respect which his own Inclination, as you know, prompts him to, even to those that little deserve it. You are so well acquainted with the King's Humour, that I need not tell you what a Trouble it is to him when he is constrain'd to do otherwise then he desires. And therefore you cannot but judge it convenient, that what I write you by his Command, should have the desir'd Effect. Be pleas'd however, to assure Monsieur of my Passion to ho­nour him, and of my humble Service. And for your own part, believe that I am, &c.

LETTER CX. To the same.

THE Affection which I bear you, causes me to send away this Courier, purposely to let you know, that if you find that Monsieur is got beyond Nantes, into a place where he may be too strong for you to fetch him thence, I advise yee by no means to go thither, but only to send him word, that you are coming to wait upon him, to let him know, that his Journey is the Occasion of too much Dis­course; and that it would be more conducible to his Ser­vice, to remove all Grounds of Suspicion. I thought it al­so my Duty to tell yee, that there are five or six Men of War in the Port of Brest, which shall do whatever you command 'em, to hinder, if it be possible, any single Ves­sel from carrying away Monsieur, contrary to his Interest. And if they are sail'd out of the Haven, their Rendevouz is in the Island of Bas, to the end you may make use of 'em in case of Necessity. I send you this Advice by the Inspi­ration of honest Huron: But in my Opinion, if Monsieur has been pleas'd to act most prejudicial to his Person, which I perfectly honour, these Remedies will be but Some ill-pronounced Word, which I do not understand, unless he means Chimera's. Simeres, to use the Expressions of honest Colo­nel Hebron. I must confess, that I im­patiently expect to hear from you.

If Monsieur has not committed the Fault which some suspect him to be guilty of, you shall remonstrate to him, how injurious these Reports are to the King's Service. If he has gone astray, you must not fail to go into Bretaigne, and take such Care that all things may be every where se­cure. Whatever Apprehensions come into my Head some­times, I cannot but adhere to the first Opinion which you and I have always had, that Monsieur could never be so ex­treamly blind, as to be guilty of what he is accus'd at this day. Time will soon manifest what People ought to be­lieve on this Subject; and it will convince you more and more, that I am, &c.

LETTER CXI. To the same.

HAving seen by a Letter from M. Bouthillier, your Fa­ther, that the King has declar'd to him that I went about to hinder his going to the Army; I beseech yee to make known to His Majesty, that I am so far from that, that I desir'd you to hasten away, on purpose to persuade him to the contrary. You are a faithful Testimony, that the first time you came to Monceaux, your Journey tended to quite another End. All the Letters which I wrote since, manifest the same Truth. Your Journey now is to no other end, then to shew the Necessity of his going. You know very well, that I have not been the Cause of his being re­tarded. The King resolv'd upon it himself, during your first Journey. Since, M. de Vaubecourt sent word to His Ma­jesty, that he ought not to go; and M. Bouthillier sent me Letters subscrib'd, to the end I should take the more no­tice of 'em. Upon that, I never minded sending word that they should proceed any farther, for fear it should be thought I had not that Consideration which I ought to have of His Majesty's Safety, which is a hunder'd times dearer to me then my own Life. Not that I ever thought him to be in the least Danger: But in such a thing as that, 'tis for the King to take his own Resolutions. I must ac­knowledge that my Heart is sometimes pierc'd with Ima­ginations in reference to the King, whose Safety and Pro­sperity are continually in my Thoughts; yet not forget­ting a particular Care to conform my self to his Humours. You may shew that Letter of the King's, if you please, and the Memoir which I drew up the Night before I receiv'd the Dispatch from Monsieur, your Father. His Majesty is too good, I am certain, not to comply with my Sentiments which he shall deem just. You know that such Occasions as these ruin my Health; more then all the Toil of Busi­ness, &c.

LETTER CXII. To the same.

I Cannot express my deep Sorrows for the Loss of the Sieurs de Movy, Cabusac and Londigny. I am over-joy'd that they valu'd nothing in Comparison of the King's Ser­vice, upon an Occasion so important as that for which they laid down their Lives. But I am of Opinion we have lost more then I can tell you: I shall pay to their Memories all that may be done, as a Mark of their Worth. I cast my Eyes upon the Sicur Cabusac's Brother, as fit to supply his Place. I know well that he has been of the con­trary Party, and marry'd one of Marriliac's Neices; but in my Opinion, his Probity is above all that. However, be­cause I will do nothing before I know the King's Preasure, I desire you to speak of it to His Majesty; and to beseech him to let me understand his Will, not only as he is my Master, but as he would do, were he a private Person, to one that he would vouchsafe to honour with his Favours. I do not speak of the Gens-d' Armes, because, as His Maje­sty knows, they ascend by degrees. I am so afflicted, that I can say no more, &c.

LETTER CXIII. To the same.

MAdam of Savoy having been pleas'd to direct the Cou­rier to me, who brings the News of the Taking the City and Castle of Verrve by the King's Forces, to the end that the sune Courier might assure me in her Name, that if hitherto I did not believe Her Highness had a Kindness for me, I should be of a contrary Belief for the future; she giving me an Assurance of it, upon the lucky Event of this good News. 'Tis my Opinion, that M [...]de Chavig­ny may make use of the same Occasion, by acquainting the King with it; to let him know, that it lies in his Goodness to contribute towards the Health and Repose of the Mind and Bodies of his Creatures, as he sees that others do, who [Page 83] seem not to have so much Interest therein, as His Majesty has been hitherto pleas'd to take, out of his mere Good­ness:

LETTER CXIV. To the same.

THE Duke of Lorrain's intercepted Dispatch to the Cardinal Infanta, which you sent me last, in order to be decypher'd, is of that Importance, that I send it you back with the same Speed uncypher'd. By that you will see the Disorder that reigns among our Enemies; and that if the King pursues his Design of turning towards Burgun­dy after the Taking of St. Michel, and following the Duke close at the Heels, they hold themselves for lost. I am ve­ry glad that this Dispatch justifies, that the Counsels that were long ago given to ruin the Duke of Lorrain, were none of the worst Advices. But I should be much more glad, if we could but see the Effects of Toledo's Fears. 'Tis my Belief, that by re-inforcing the Cardinal of Valetta with what the King resolv'd on, and Six Thousand Switzers, de­sign'd for Champagne, there ought not a Minute to be lost; but forthwith to march against the Duke of Lorrain. I recommend to yee once more to be severe against those of St. Michel.

LETTER CXV. To M. de Bullion.

I Send you the King's Letter, which Madam de Guise has so great a Desire to see; but you must not deliver it to her, undess she [...] yee another of her own of a prece­ding Date, wherein she begs His Majesty to give M. de Guis [...] Permission to go for two or three Months to Loretto and Venice, instead of waiting on His Majesty, as [...] was pleas'd to command him.

LETTER CXVI. To the same.

THKing has commanded me to write yee this Letter, whose Pleasure it is, that you wait upon Madam de Guise in his Name, and let her know, that he wonders M. de Guise has not yet obey'd the Order which he receiv'd to at­tend his Person. He is ignorant of the Cause of his Delay; which raises in him some kind of Suspicion. Nevertheless, to shew his Goodness, as to what both he and Madam de­sire, that he may have Leave to travel out of the King­dom, His Majesty is pleas'd to let him know, that though he will not change his Order to attend him, yet if his Fears continue, he gives him Permission to go to Loretto and Venice for three Months, provided, that at the End of that Time he gives his Attendance, and acquits himself of what is laid to his Charge, to the Prejudice of that Affe­ction and Fidelity which he owes him. His Majesty does not command him to depart the Kingdom, but to wait upon him. However, complying with his Fears, he per­mits him, at his Request, if that be the thing he so much desires, to take a Journey for three Months; and at the End of that prefixed Time, to wait upon his Person with­out fail.

The King has made Choice of this Expedient, to testifie the Excess of his Goodness, by complying with the Infir­mities of those who have the Honour to live under his Go­vernment.

LETTER CXVII. To the same.

HAving in your Letters read the Offer which you may make of your Purse, I thought I should do you an Injury if I should not accept it with the same Frankness that induces you to proser it.

Therefore I desire you to lend me Fifty Thousand Crowns. To this purpose I have sent a Procuration to N. [Page 85] to make a Bond in such Form as you shall think fit your self. I hope you will find me so good a Pay-master, that the next time you will give me sull Power to dispose of what is yours, as of my own; of which you may always make a particular Account, seeing I am sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXVIII. To the Commander de la Porte.

I Take Pen in hand to acquaint yee, that it has pleas'd the Queen to declare, that it was her Pleasure no longer to make use of me, my Cousin de Meilleray, nor my Neice de Combalet. I was willing to give you notice of it, to prevent your Mis-understanding Things upon the common Report, which represents Things quite otherwise then they are. I desire yee not to be troubl'd at it. I am here, near the Person of the King, who does me the Honour to continue me that of his good Will; and testifies his Sorrow for this Misfortune. In regard I am not capable of having any other thing in my Heart, then to live and die the Queen's Servant, I desire you to talk of me always conformably to that Resolution. I admonish yee of it, because I know the Liberty you take, which might happen to be transported by your Affection for me; and it would not be just, that all my Obligations to so great a Princess should be buried in Oblivion, for a Disgust conceived against my Person.

LETTER CXIX. To M. de Breze.

I Could no longer delay the sending you word, that since the Queen has given me to understand that she will no longer make use either of mine, or the Services of my Neice Combalet, or my Cousin de Meitleray, 'tis our Duty to obey her Will and Pleasure. I make no question but this News will not a little astonish yee; yet I beg of yee, as much as in me lies, by no means to lay it to heart, since there is no [Page 86] other Ground for it, but our Misfortune. And I have this to comfort me still in this unlucky Accident, that the King, near whose Person I still remain, is pleas'd to testifie a par­ticular Sorrow for it. Time will shew the Queen, that whatever Usage I receive at her hands, I shall ever publish the great Obligations she has laid upon me, which engage me to live and die her Servant. As for your particular, I beg of yee to believe, that in what Condition soever I am, you shall always find me with as much Affection for your Person, as you can desire from a Person who is, &c.

LETTER CXX. To the Cardinal of Lyon.

'TIS with a most bloody and unexpressible Sorrow, that I am forc'd to acquaint you with the Resolu­tion which the King has been forc'd to take at Compeig [...], to beg of the Queen-Mother, that she would be pleas'd for some time to reside at Moulins. I would have been wil­ling to have redeem'd with my Blood the Necessity of this Counsel; and to have been separated from my Life, rather then to have been the Witness of this Separation, though it will not be of any long Continuance. And if God would have vouchsaf'd to have heard my humble Prayers, the last of my Days had preceded that of her Removal; nor can I sind any Comfort in the Excess of my Affliction, to see the Queen, whom I have always so faithfully serv'd and and honour'd, in a Condition of any Discontent. But cer­tain wicked Spirits have been so long a time contriving to trouble the King's Affairs, that there was a Necessity of applying some Remedy to it. During the War in Baly, they omitted nothing that lay in their power, to hinder his good Success. Since that, they have still continu'd the same Practises; and, in truth, Licentiousness was grown to that Excess, that the like was never seen. Monsicur ha­ving withdrawn himself from the Court at such a time, the King several times besought the Queen, his Mother, that she would be pleas'd, with open'd Eyes, to view these Mischiefs, and concurr with him in the most neces­sary Means to put a Stop to 'em. But she would not be pleas'd to hearken to his Counsels, as she was wont to do; [Page 87] but obstinately persisted in refusing to have any Share therein; saying, she would not have her Name made use of in the Resolutions they went about to take. The King therefore finding her so fix'd to her own Resolves, without being able to dissuade her from 'em, judg'd, that if she was unwilling her Presence should be useful to him at Court, it could not but be to his prejudice for her to be there, seeing that her appearing to be there in Discontent, would but embolden and give liberty to others to come and declare themselves such as she was. I am so extreamly afflicted at these things, considering my present and eternal Passion for the Queen's Service, and what I owe her in all manner of Respects, that I can admit of no Comfort, though the Resolution taken upon this Occasion, was merely the Ef­fect of Necessity, not of Choice. I beseech God, with all my Heart, that our Disorders may not be of long Con­tinuance; and that I be able to testifie more and more, that I am, &c.

LETTER CXXI. To the Commander de la Porte.

I Write you these Lines, to acquaint you, that the Queen, the King's Mother, though she had declar'd, since her Arrival at Compeigne, that she would not stir from thence, withdrew her self about four Days ago, and is retired into Flanders. She thought to have gone to Aix la Chapelle; but the Sieur de Vardes, the Father, took such good Or­der, that he put his Son out of the place, where he had a Design to have receiv'd her. The King has sent away all the Governors of Picardy, every one to their Places, to provide for their Security. He makes Account very sud­denly to take a Progress himself towards the Frontiers, by his Presence to disperse and disappoint whatever may occa­sion any Trouble in his Realm. We hope, by God's As­sistance, from his Valour, and the Prosperity that attends it, that he will bring it to pass with no less Glory, then he has hitherto unravell'd all the knotty Affairs he has had under his Management: For having God and Justice on his side, there is no Reason, in my Opinion, that he should be afraid of any thing. There is not any thing which [Page 88] would be left undone, to dissuade the Queen from uniting with Monsieur and Spain. The Government of Anjou, and the Places which she held there would be restor'd her: But she refuses all honourable and safe Conditions that are propos'd to her. We shall see what her Departure will produce.

LETTER CXXII. To the Mareschal de Brezè.

THough I have already signify'd to yee, by the Letter which I directed to you, as well as to the Mareschal de Chastillon, how much I was pleas'd with the Advantage which it has pleas'd God to give the Army under your Command, in the Battel with the Enemy at Avein; never­theless, I cannot but acquaint you in particular, with my extraordinary Joy for so much good Success, as well for the King's Glory, and the Honour which you have your self acquir'd. I doubt not but you will continue, upon all Occasions, to give Proofs of your Courage, as also to go­vern your self in the Army, as I understand you do; for that besides it cannot be but greatly to your Advantage, it will be a most particular Satisfaction to my self, consider­ing how much I share in all your Concerns.

I beseech yee to preserve a strict Union with Mareschal de Chastillon; and to prevent, lest the Advantage you have won should give liberty to any one in your Army to de­mean himself less modestly with the Hollanders, then is to be desir'd. The main Business is now, not to lose Time, to pursue your Victory, while the Country is under Asto­nishment. I question it not, but the Prince of Orange will contribute towards it all that lies in his power. I cannot sufficiently express my Joy for the good Success wherewith God has been pleas'd to favour your Conduct. I beseech yee that you would acknowledge it as a Blessing from his Hands, and to relie more upon him.

LETTER CXXIII. To the Commander de la Porte.

M. de Bourdeaux is going to the Quarters where you are, for the reasons with which he will acquaint yee, which terminate in preparing and bastning out a Fleet to Sea, which the King desires may be ready by the be­ginning of March. He wil inform yee upon what design the King will employ the said Fleet, that he may have your Advice before he sixes his last Resolutions. His said Ma­jesty does you the Honour, to appoint you Admiral of the said Fleet, if you think your Health be in a Condition to endure the Fatigues of the Sea. I beseech you not only to consult your Courage, but your Disposition of Body; your Health being so dear to me, that if I thought such a Voyage would be prejudicial to it, I would never con­sent to your going, for the World. The King thinks it convenient that there should be a Regiment rais'd in your Name, to be put on Board the said Fleet. I have made choice of some Captains, and left others, which you may supply, as you shall please your self.

LETTER CXXIV. To Cardinal de Lyon, being at Rome.

THO' it be not necessary to recommend to your care, those things wherein I am concern'd, and that your Affection for me is sufficient to induce you to be particu­larly mindful of 'em, however I cannot but write you these Lines, wherein I beg of yee to employ your dexte­rity and sollicitation for the Dispatches which I prosecute at Rome of the Bulls for the Abbys of Cisteaux, and Pre­montre, of which the Monks have Elected me their Abbot; so that this Gentleman whom I send on purpose to Rome for that end, may be dispatch'd with all the speed that may be, and that he may bring the dispatches along with [Page 80] him. I know the share you take in my Interests, which as­sures me that you will not omit what lies in your power that may contribute to my satisfaction in this particular according to my desire, requesting you to believe, that up­on all opportunities you shall find that I am, &c.

LETTER CXXV. To the same, upon his return from Rome.

I was extreamly glad to hear, as well by your Letters, as by the Sieur Ch [...]velier de Chappes, that you were hap­pily ariv'd at Lyon. Yet I cannot forbear, but I must let you know, that my Joy is extreamly lessen'd to hear that your disposition of Health is not so well settled, as you and I could desire. The share I take in it is such, that I cannot conceal from You, that the Drugg which they call Scocola­te, which I am told you frequently make use of, being al­together prejudicial to your Health, I think it more con­venient that you should have recourse to the ordinary Re­medies that Physick prescribes to all Diseases. To this pur­pose I wrote to M. de Lorme, who is acquainted with your Temperament, and in whom you have a great Confi­dence, to desire him that he would wait upon you so soon as he receiv'd my Letter, to see in what condition you were, and to contribute toward the perfect recovery of your Health whatever his Experience could suggest to that end. I think I should wrong your Courteous and Affable Nature, should I perswade you to admit him, and enter­tain [...] the best you can, not doubting but he will an­swer your Expectations. For my part, it will be to me an unspeakable satisfaction, to hear that you are recover'd to both our wishes, there being no Man in the World, &c.

LETTER CXXVI. To the Count de Guiche.

I dispatch away this Courrier to you, to the end that up­on your Arrival, you may impart to the Cardinal de la Valletta the good News of the Victory which it pleas'd God to give the King in Langu [...], which I assure my self will not a little encourage the Commanders of the Army, to do something more considerable. I speak not in rese­rence to him, because I know his just Ambition cannot be greater then it is, and I dare be answerable for him, as for my self, who frequently reckon my self in the number of the stoutest; tho' not so furious as honest Father Joseph, who is here present.

LETTER CXXVII. To Monsieur de Pont de Courlay.

I have been importun'd from so many several places to favor your Request of certain Extraordinarys which you de­sire to have, out of the Money ordain'd for the Galleys, that I send you these Lines, to let you know, that I under­stand not upon what grounds you build your Pretensions. I make no question but your chiefest reason is that of your necessity; but in regard it is the effect of your ill Ma­nagement, I am not resolv'd to sollicit the King to apply any remedy to it. I believe, you are not ignorant that the Emoluments of your Employment, if you go to the Rigour of it, are not above Eighteen Thousand Livers, so that the Surplusage which you conceal, and which a­mounts to Forty Thousand Livers, is an Extraordinary which you receive over and above; so that if His Majesty should allow yee another, such a one as you desire, it would be like the taking of double Grist out of the same Sack.

Besides, should the Overseers of Business be permitted to demand such Mony as was left after requisite Expences, that would be an encouragement for 'em to do as they pleas'd themselves, and by that means to embezzle what [Page 92] was design'd for the King's Service. Had your Galleys been all out at Sea, as you propos'd for the Funds allotted, and if then there had been any Money coming good to the King, in that case we might have been Suitors to His Ma­jesty, to have allowed yee some Gratification; but in re­gard there is but one part of 'em ready, and those not ha­ving been but a very little time in a readiness neither, it would not be just, that the Funds that remain in the Trea­surers Hands, should be wasted as you desire, and I de­clare to yee by this Letter, that you will never have any Gratification of that Nature in Money so reserv'd.

I desire yee not to deceive your self with any such thoughts, that 'tis in your Power to dispose of the Money ordain'd for the Business you are emploi'd in, otherwise then according to the rates of the King's allowance, which shall be sent yee. My practice is no other in my superin­tendance over the Sea Affairs, and all the Overseers of Emploiments do the same. The only thing you have to do, is to regulate your Family in such a manner, that you may live within compass. If you cannot live at Marsei [...]es upon Fifty Thousand Livers, a whole Province would ne­ver suffize yee. One of the first things you have to re­trench in your Expences is, is the Extraordinary of Paper and Courriers. I am so weary of your Proposals of Refor­mation, without any Effect, that I desire yee not to feed me any more with vain hopes. In the mean time, I as­sure yee, provided you alter your course of Life, that I shall be allways ready to forget what is past.

LETTER CXXVIII. To Mareschal de Breze, who was withdrawn from the Army, and had quitted the Com­mand of it, without ever Speaking or Writ­ing to his Eminency.

I shall never fail in my Affection for your Person; but it is so far from hindring me the having an aversion to your Humours, that on the contrary it redoubles my dis­like of 'em, not being able to see, without a more then ordinary Grief, that you prefer the repose and divertise­ments [Page 93] which you take at home, before that which Men prefer before their Lives. 'Tis impossible for me to think of your Conduct, without seeing the Prejudice you re­ceive by it; and considering the little Reck'ning you make of me, in a thing of so much Importance. I beseech God to let you see, and at the same time to cause you to forget the Sin which you commit: To let you see it, that you may commit it no more; to forget it, that you may be de­priv'd of the discontent you take in remembring it. I would be glad with all my heart that I might never think of it more, that I might have an Opportunity to let you know that I am what I am desirous ever to be, &c.

LETTER CXXIX. To the Cardinal de Lyon.

THE sincere Affection which I know you bear me, creates in me an Assurance that you are not a little glad of my Recovery, as you are pleas'd to signifie to me in your Letter. I am very glad you thought the Cure to be of another sort then it was; knowing, by the same Rea­son, how much the Truth would have troubl'd yee. For, that I may not conceal from you the Condition of my Ma­lady, I find my self oblig'd to acquaint yee, that after two Apostemes in my Right Arm, there arose a third, so much the more troublesome, because it was not perceiv'd, which, through the Goodness of God, broke of it self the same Night; so that, with the Continuance of his Assistance, I dare assure yee, there will be no farther Fear after the Phy­sicians have done. This is that then which I beg from the Divine Goodness, and of you, Sir; that Heaven will ne­ver afford me that Life or Health, which will not be the dearer to me, if it supplies me with those Means to serve you, which I always wish for, &c.

LETTER CXXX. To Mareschal de Breze,

HAving sent you word in one of my Letters, that the Lameness of my Arm hinder'd me from signing it, I thought I had sufficiently prevented the Trouble which that Failure might cause in your Thoughts. But since that Precaution was not able to cure your Fears, I cannot but attribute it to the Excess of your Affection for me; for which I cannot return you sufficient Thanks. In the mean time, lest the Reports that run abroad of my [...]ickness should disturb your Repose, I must tell yee, that, through the Goodness of God, a third Aposteme having broken of it self this Night, the Physicians assure me, that with the Continuance of his Aid who blesses their Remedies, there was nothing more of Danger to be afraid of. Be ass [...]'d then of this for a Certainty; as also, that I am, as much as you can desire, &c.

LETTER CXXXI. To the same.

I I cannot express my real Contentment to find by your Letters, that the King is pleas'd to be so sensible of my Illness. I must confess, it is my chiefest Consolation in my present Condition, and which will contribute more to my Cure, then all the Remedies I can apply. I have al­ways promis'd my self th [...] Demonstrations of good Will from so good a Master. So that he may assure himself that there is not any Servant mo [...] zealous for his Interests, or more devoted to his [...]son, then I am, whose Actions shall be every one as many [...] of the Truth of my Words. As for your self, knowing the Goodness of your Disposi­tion, as I do, I make no question but you are as deeply concern'd in my [...]ickness as you assure me you are.

LETTER CXXXII. To the Commander de la Porte.

YOur continu'd Affection to M. Despois, Canon of X [...]intes, induces me to write you these Lines, to ac­quaint yee with the Choice which the King has been pleas'd to make of his Person, for the Bishoprick of St. Papoul, which has been vacant for some time. His Majesty cast his Eye upon him so much the more willingly, to honour him with this Employment, because he promises himself that he will discharge it so much the more diligently; and that he will, by his good Conduct, invite him to ransack the utmost Ends of his Provinces for Persons of Exempla­ry Lives, for the Supply of such Vacancies as shall happen from time to time. I send you the Brevet for the said Bi­shoprick of St. Papoul, which I would gladly that the said Sieur Despois should receive at your hands; and that you will let him understand the Value I have for him. As for your part, assure your self, that I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CXXXIII. To the Duke of Bellegarde in Lorrain.

YOU will see by what I have written to M. Bouthill [...]r, some Particulars of what has happen'd here, upon your s [...]nding the two Couriers. I can assure yee, that 'twas not without great Difficulty that the King condescended to what he has once more granted to M [...]nsi [...]ur. I have hi­therto put off my Departure, that I might endeavour to serve him upon this Occasion. But in regard there is no­thing more to be [...], I shall set forward upon Wed­ [...]sday, in order to put in Execution the King's Intentions and Commands upon [...], in Aid of the Duke of Man [...]a. I doubt not but [...] will contribute towards it all that lies in his power, by his speedy Return. In which Case, the King makes account to advance in Person with a Re­inforcement of an Army becoming his Grandour. If so, [Page 96] I make no question, but that they who attack the Duke of Mantua, will quit their Design. I assure yee, that Monsieur will be perfectly well receiv'd by the King, if he comes hither; and that all that belong to him will be no less in Safety then himself; I will be answerable for it upon my Honour, which is dearer to me then my own Life.

I am much perplex'd I cannot be there, that I might pay him his due Honours in my Station, as much as is in the power of a real Servant. I desire yee, Sir, to assure Mes­sieurs de Coigneux and Puylaurens of my Affection and Ser­vice, of which they shall receive the Proofs upon all Occa­sions. They are wise and considerate, and can distinguish Truth from Artifices, which are always very rife in Courts, and seem to abound more now then formerly.

I would not engage to persuade 'em to bring back Mon­sieur, did not I know that he will receive full Satisfaction, as well for himself, as for those that belong to him; among whom, they are of the chiefest Rank. I assure yee once more, they are in no danger of the King's Displeasure; but on the contrary, they have reason to expect his Fa­vours. Affirm this boldly, and believe me, &c.


MOnsieur de Bouthellier's Letters will give you a par­ticular Account of what pass'd here in reference to Monsieur's Affairs. I shall not persuade yee to contri­bute what lies in your power, to endeavour a Conclusion of all things to Their Majesties Satisfaction; knowing that of your self you will do Miracles. Monsieur will re­ceive full Satisfaction from the King; he will save the Duke of Mantua by his Return, and deliver the Queen, his Mother, from many Afflictions which she undergoes, to see Persons that she loves above all the World, keeping a Distance one from another. I am consident you will judge, that the King being absolutely unwilling to part with that Government, they have obtain'd as much as they could desire in the World. And now 'tis for Mes­sieurs le Coigneux and Puylaurens to manifest how desirous they are to serve the King, in serving Monsieur, who sinds [Page 97] his Advantage in this Affair. They will have much to answer for before God, if they let go so fair an Opportu­nity as now presents it self, for the Advantage of France, and the King's and Monsieur's Honour. I desire yee to speak freely to 'em of these things; and to assure 'em, that though the Devils, which are let loose to foster the Divisions which they have sown, may whisper 'em Stories in their Ears, they will meet with all Content and Safety near the King's Person. I set forward on Wednesday, with­out fail. If things fadge right, the King makes account not to stay long after in Paris.

LETTER CXXXV. To the Duke of Montmorency.

I Was very glad to understand by your Letter, how much the Gentlemen of Nismes were devoted to the King's Service. I fairly promis'd my self, that so soon as they return'd to their Obedience, they would be more zealous for his Service then ever, as now they make it evi­dent. I know not whether His Majesty's Affairs will per­mit him to go to their City: But I can assure you of one thing, that whether he go or not go, his Intention is, not to make any Innovation to the prejudice of what he has granted them. He assures himself of a punctual Observa­tion of what they have promis'd: And I engage you my Honour, that their Privileges shall be carefully preserv'd 'em; and that if there be any who have any Apprehen­sion of a Garison, they have no Grounds for it; giving you my Faith, and my Word, that it was a thing never so much as thought of, nor likely to be thought of here­after. You will oblige me to assure 'em of my Affe­ction; and to believe your self, that I am, and will be ever, &c.

LETTER CXXXVI. To the same.

ALthough I have not been at the place where you are, to be a Judge, together with your self, of what may be done in pursuance of this Encounter which you have had with the Enemy, I must confess, that the Success which has attended it, next to God, depended only upon your Courage, and Monsieur the Superintendant's. I cannot ex­press the King's Satisfaction upon the Receipt of this News, by reason of the Benefit which from thence redounds to his Affairs; nor my own particular Joy for the Honour you have acquir'd by it. I shall therefore only tell yee, that there is no need of exciting you to pursue those Ad­vantages you shall meet with after this, which you have so fortunately gain'd from the Spaniard; assuring my self, that it will be a sufficient Incentive to quicken your Prowess.

LETTER CXXXVII. To the same.

I Write you these Lines, to acquaint yee with what you may have already understood by other hands; which is, that the King desires you would send a List of all the Pri­soners that are in the Army; and that none may be set at liberty, till you have known his Pleasure. Once more I rejoice with you, for the happy Victory you have gain'd over the Enemy. This will encourage your Army to continue their Progresses, and your Prudence to manage Affairs, so that the Enemy may not take their Revenge for the Loss they have sustain'd. I most passionately wish that you may not only have as much Advantage over 'em as the Justice of the King's Arms requires, but what is due to the Valour of Mont [...]nerency; of whom I am, &c.


THIS Letter is only to give you Notice, that the fear we were in least the Pestilence, which spreads it self very near this place, shou'd not have that respect for the person of the King, which I could wish that all the world had for him, is the reason, that his Majesty has taken a resolution to retire toward Montmelians, or Barrault, till the Troops which he has sent for back, in order to send 'em into Italy, begin their March. We expect with Im­patience to hear news from your self, and wish that you may send us something answerable to your Glorious Pas­sage gain'd at Veillana. I stay here to see wherein I may serve yee on the other side; nor shall I omit any thing that lies in his power of whom you may dispose, as being, &c.

LETTER CXXXIX. To the same.

I have seen the Memoir which you sent me by the Sieur de Varicarville, containing your Advice upon the Af­fairs of Piedmont. I shall not repeat what is within it, be­cause I know you have a Copy of it. I must only tell yee, that the King will be very well pleas'd if you do what you shall seem most convenient for his Service; and that he looks upon all those who have the principal Com­mands in his Army to be so prudent, that he makes no question, but that you consult all together upon the most advantageous methods you are to take. He refers it there­fore to your own, and the judgments of Marshal de la Force, M. d' Effiat, and of all those to whom such designs may be imparted, to resolve, and put in Execution, what shall be most beneficial for the Affairs of Italy.

As to the expence which will be requisite to that Effect, M. the Sur-intendant shall have no reason to complain, as to those things wherein he is concern'd.

As for the Army which is to be form'd at Susa, you may believe there has been no time lost to bring it to pass, and it will be an easie thing to convince you of it, since it is the King, who takes the principal care of it, and labours in it more then any body; and for that the Queen, his Mo­ther, has not been spairing several ways of her pains, to the same end. M. the Marshall de Schomberg is to head this new Army, and will hold so Cordial a Correspondence with you, that you will be extreamly satisfy'd. You know his Frankness, and his Affection for the King's Service, which is very sincere. I cannot but rejoyce for your good Suc­cess in the Battel of Carignan. I hope these successes will continue, and I would be willing to contribute towards 'em more then my Life, if that might avail.

LETTER CXL. To the same in 1631.

YOU will have a particular Accompt by the King's dispatches which this Gentleman brings you, of what has been resolv'd upon in the affair of the Commis­saries, which you wrote to me about. I make no doubt but you will accomplish whatever you undertake, and parti­cularly that you will put an end to this according to his Majesty's intention, knowing the pains which hitherto you have taken in it. I beseech you to believe, that the Affection which I bear you, is and, will be ever such, that time will never be able to make any Alteration on my part, being grounded upon your Noble Qualities, which makes me hope that they will always render you like your self. M. de Soudeilles can send you word, as I find by your Let­ter he has already done, how often I have discours'd him upon this subject. I promise to my self that you will yield an entire belief to what I say, and that there is no person who honours yee more, or more sincerely desires to serve you, then my self, who am, and will be ever, &c.

LETTER CXLI. To the Duke of Rohan.

I put Pen to Paper on purpose to give a particular an­swer to the points contain'd in your Letter, which the Sieur Prioleau deliver'd me in your Name; referring my self to the Secretaries of State to give you satisfaction. 'Twill suffize me to let you know the King's unspeakable Contentment, and how acceptable the Tidings of your last Victory, gain'd by the valour of his Arms over the Enemy at Morbeigne, where to him, especially preceded by so many others, wherewith it has pleas'd God to bless him. Nor must I forget my own particular joy, considering the share I take in what concerns the encrease of your Honour. His Majesty therefore to testify how sensible he is of your good Success, and his acknowledgment of your good Ser­vices, has been pleas'd to give a mark of both, which the said Sieur Prioleaux will make known to yee. For which reason I shall add nothing farther to what he has in charge to say to yee upon this subject, only that I shall always wish the Augmentation of your Fame, and of what may give you any satisfaction, as much as you your self can do; as being, &c.

LETTER CXLII. To the same.

HIS Majesty is so highly sensibly of the proofs which you have given him of your Valour and your Con­duct in these your last Atcheivments, that he thought he could not give you a more Honourable Testimony both of the esteem he has for your Person, and his acknowledg­ment of your Signal Services, then by honouring you with the Employment of —. He promises himself that this will be a motive not a little prevalent to excite your prowess, by augmenting the Reputation of his Arms, in the places where you are, to continue the encrease of your own. For which I will most cherfully be always your [Page 100] [...] [Page 101] [...] [Page 102] surety to his Majesty, knowing well that I shall never be put to the trouble to pay for a Person who can never ac­quire so much Honour, but that he still wishes him far more who is sincerely, &c.

LETTER CXLIII. To the same.

THO' the Person of M. Biscaras be extreamly neces­sary about me, and that the particular confidence I have in him be a sufficient inducement to me not to part from him, nevertheless, understanding that you desire to have him to serve under you, and the Duke of Veletta in the present occasion, I send him to yee to do whatever either the one or the other shall deem convenient. Did I but en­joy my Health as well as he does, and could be as useful to yee in any thing, I would willingly undertake his Jour­ney, so much I desire to see the Royal Arms prosper un­der your Conduct. His Majesty relies so much upon your Prudence, and in your Affection, that he doubts not in the least but you will do wonders to that effect. For my own part I most fervently wish it, as well for the In­terest of his Majesty's Service, as your Honour, which I equally desire with your self, as being, &c.

LETTER CXLIV. The the Duke de la Valette.

THough M. de Gramond's Commission to Command the Army of Guyenne under your self, and M. d' Es­pernon, was dispatch'd, when the Letter you were pleas'd to send me concerning that Affair was deliver'd me, yet is your Contentment so dear to me, that I prevail'd so far with the King, that his Majesty alter'd his Resolution of sending it to the said Sieur de Gramond, into that of con­tinuing you alone in the said Employment, promising him­self that you will serve him with so much Prudence, care [Page 103] and Affection, that he shall have no reason to repent of his favour. I assure my self, that this new Testimony of his Confidence and Esteem, will redouble your Zeal to answer so worthy a choice by real Effects, and that you will make your value appear to the Confusion of the Ene­mies of the State. M. de Biscaras, whom I send to serve you upon this occasion, according to M. d' Espercon's de­sire, will assure yee of the Continuance of my Affection, and my desire to serve yee, and will inform yee of some particulars which I thought convenient to acquaint you with. You may give him the same Credence as to my self, who am, &c.

LETTER CXLV. To the same.

THE Condition to which you have reduc'd the Cro­quers, is so much to the King's Advantage, and so much to your Honour, that although I have already te­stify'd my joy for so happy a Success, I cannot forbear sending the Marquiss of Durass to yee, to the end he may give you new Demonstrations of it in these Lines. He will give yee so particular an account of his Majesty's satis­faction in your Conduct upon this occasion, of the thanks which he returns you for the manner of your mannage­ment, and the Honour he has done him for your sake, as having made him a Camp Marshall, that it would be need­less to add any thing more. I shall only say thus much, that M. de Beaupuy's Journey has been no less acceptable to his Majesty, then that of the Sieur de Duras; for that it has not only confirm'd him in his belief of your Affection for his Person, but also in that assurance he always had of your Passion and Zeal for the prosperity of his Dominions. For my part, my contentment is more then I can express, to see you so highly in the King's Favour as you are; there being no person who claims a greater share in your Concerns, or who is more sincerely then my self, &c.

LETTER CXLVI. To the same.

I send you this Gentleman for a particular accompt of the Port of Biaris, taken by our Pinaces upon the Coast of Bayonne. They who know it report, That it will so very much annoy the Forts which the Spani­ands have built at Socoa, St. John de Luz, and other places, that they will have much a do to subsist there. If it be so, 'tis my Opinion, that you may with more ease make some attempt upon those places, then hitherto you have been able to do, and that by molesting 'em by Land, you will have this advantage, that after you have defeated the Croquers, you will expell the Spa­niards quite out of your Government. I passionately de­serve it for the good of the King's Service, and which is more, for your own particular sake, as being certain, that if this good Fortune befalls yee, your Enemies will be in such a Confusion, that they will no longer dare to be so fluent of their Tongues as they have been. I beseech yee not to omit any thing that lies in your power for the attaining of so glorious an End. I say nothing to yee of the preparations on this side for the subsistance of your Army. For I doubt not but the Sieur Cartier gives yee an accompt from time to time of the Provisions made for every thing; and that I contribute toward it, as much as in me lies, by my daily solliciting the Lords of the Treasury. I shall still continue the same earnestness, to let you see my Zeal for your Interests, and how sincerely I am, &c.

LETTER CXLVII. To the Marquiss of Coisquen, Lieutenant of his Eminencies Gens D' Armes.

HAd you sooner acquainted me, that you did not think me a Lord great enough to command the Troop of Gens d' Armes which it has pleas'd the King to bestow upon me, I had given yee the contentment which you could desire, and you had oblig'd me not to let me stay till you gave me to understand it by real effects, in contemning your Duty, and the Military Orders which oblige the Gendarmery to be compleatly arm'd; so that my Troop was the only Troop that appear'd before the King without Arms, though I had several times order'd 'em to be duly provided. I will not insist upon my several En­treaties that you would observe a discipline so exact in my Troop, that it might serve as an Example to others. But your actions informing me, of what perhaps out of civi­lity you were unwilling to tell me your self, that I may answer your Curtesie, this Letter is to let you know, that I no longer claim any Interest in the Troop which you command; and that I willingly surrender it into your hands, to make such provisions for it as the King thinks convenient.

Nevertheless, I assure my self that you do not believe me so unfortunate, that I shall not able to meet with some person of Quality, who, while he commands that Troop which shall march under my Name for the future, will be willing to perform what his Reputation, and the Military Orders require from him, and to observe and submit to requests and such Orders which he shall receive from me.

I Advise yee to take a course quite contrary to what you have hitherto done, and to believe that upon any other opportunity that shall present it self, you shall find the Effects of my Friendship, and that I am still desirous to be, &c.

LETTER CXLVIII. To Mareschal de Schomberg.

YOU will receive Dispatches from the King, where­in you will find two principal things: The first is, That he would not have you continue the Truce: And the second is, that you try to relieve Casal so soon as it shall be expir'd. I hope, that during the Truce, you will press the Performance of his Word, in order to a Peace, so home upon the Duke of Savoy, that there will be no need of relieving Casal; and that during the said Nego­tiation, you may get all things in such a readiness for the Relief of the said Place, that you will want nothing to undertake it in earnest, not doubting but you will effect it. I am extreamly sorry that I am constrain'd to send you word that the King has got a Quotidian Ague, of which this is the fourth Fit. All my Comfort in this Affliction, which you may well judge to be extraordinary, is, that the Physicians say, they never knew a Quotidian Ague ac­company'd with more gentle Symptoms then this. Ne­vertheless, they believe it will hold him a long time. I cannot but once more let you know my extream Affliction; and what a Comfort it would be to me, if we were toge­ther: But we must submit to the Will of God. I hope we shall be soon deliver'd from our present Troubles: In the mean time, I beg you to believe that I am sincerely and cordially, &c.

LETTER CXLIX. To the same.

THE King, upon the Dispatch of this Courier to yee, thought convenient that I should acquaint yee par­ticularly, that M. de Leon's and Father Joseph's Letters have persuaded you to accept the Peace; (which I do not be­lieve, considering your particular Knowledge of the Dif­ference between the said Treaty, and the Instructions sent to M. de Leon:) His Majesty does not mean that you should [Page 107] begin the War again by a new Rupture, but that their Let­ters should serve you for a Pretence of not accepting the Peace, if you have not done it already; and for continuing the Prosecution of the War, till you have farther Orders from him. I cannot forbear acquainting you, that I am almost out of my Wits, to see that M. de Leon and Father Joseph should so strangely over-see themselves. But I will write to you more at large within four Days: In the mean time, assure your self, that I am cordially, &c.

LETTER CL. To the same.

I Am infinitely oblig'd to you for the Care you take, in sending to enquire after my Health: It is at present out of Order, by reason of a Rhumatism which is fallen upon my Reins; of which I had some Grudgings when we were together at Leymure. But my Pain will be much more easily endur'd then now it is, could I but hear that you miss'd your Fit last Night; there being no Person in the World who shares more deeply in your Preservation then I do, who shall always be glad when I have any Op­portunity to give you Proofs of the Truth of what I say; and how I am, and shall be as long as I live, &c.

LETTER CLI. To the Duke of Halwin.

YOU will understand by the Honour the King is pleas'd to do yee, the Advantage of serving so good a Master, as His Majesty; seeing we receive our Recom­pence when 'tis least thought of. His Majesty, of his own proper Good Will, has heap'd upon you the Honour of being a Mareschal of France, with so much Goodness, that, in truth, there could be no Addition to it. For my part, who have a particular Esteem, as you know, for your Per­son, I am more pleas'd with it then I can express: which [Page 108] I am assur'd you will easily believe, since you know that I am, from Father to Son, &c.

LETTER CLII. To the same.

HIS Majesty having hitherto declar'd himself high­ly satisfy'd with your Conduct in those Places where you are, and of your Care in those things which concern the Welfare of the Province, I thought it my Duty, as your particular Friend, to give you Notice, that Hajesty did signifie to me, to be somewhat displeas'd at your scrupling the Execution of the Orders sent you in his Name, for the Allowance of Quarters and Sub­sistence in your Government for the Soldiers design'd for Italy: And this I do, that you may, by your Pru­dence, apply a Remedy to it. Had I had any Excuse to have pleaded in your behalf, when His Majesty did me the Honour to speak to me about this Business, you may be sure, that being so much your Friend as I am, I would not have fail'd to have made use of it. But having no Reasons sufficiently prevalent to oppose against those upon which he grounded his Complaints, I could offer no more to him upon that Subject, but that I would write to you; and that I promis'd my self, from your affectionate Desire and Zeal to please him, and for the Advantage of your Affairs, that you would for the fu­ture make such Amends for what you have done amiss, as should be fully to his Satisfaction. This is therefore what I beg of yee, as much as in me lies, to the end I may be the more capable to serve you with my Appli­cations to His Majesty; and to let you know by the Ef­fects, that I am, as much as any Person can be, &c.

LETTER CLIII. To the same.

M. de Narbonne, who is returning into his Diocess, ha­ving testify'd to me his Desire, for the future, to live in perfect Union and good Correspondence with you; and having promis'd to contribute whatever lies on his part to that Effect, I write you these Lines, to let you know how glad I am of it, and to desire you to contribute on your side, as much as it is possible, to settle that good Understanding between you both, which is so necessary for the King's Service, so that there may appear no more Coldness in your Friendship. Seeing therefore that he has given me his Word, so to demean himself towards yee, with all the Respect that you can in Reason desire, I am willing to believe that he will not be wanting to his Pro­mise, and that you will have just Cause to be satisfy'd one of another. I passionately wish it, not only for the Ad­vantage of the Affairs of your Province, but, which is more, for your own particular Contentment, which I shall always desire as much as your self, as being, &c.

LETTER CLIV. To Monsieur de Zoiras.

I Have receiv'd your Letter; in Answer to which, I have no more to say, but only this, That there is no Person who can hinder me from being your Friend and Servant, but your self. I know well you are far from any such De­sign; never questioning but all your Actions will corre­spond with that Remembrance, which you will ever pre­serve, of the King's Goodness and Bounty to his Servants; of which, you and I may serve for Examples.

LETTER CLV. To the same.

I Add this to my preceding Letters, to acquaint you, that the Sieur de Castellane will let you know the Parti­culars of what pass'd here. 'Tis your Duty to re-com­pose your Mind, and reduce it to that Confidence which it behoves it to have; and to give the King just Reason to repose the same Trust in you, such as you your self could desire. I can assure yee of his being absolutely dispos'd to it, and that it wholly depends upon your Demeanour; and therefore I make no question, but you will demon­strate it to be such, that your Friends, who always bear a part in your Interests, may receive that Satisfaction from it which they desire. I beg of you, that you would labour it on your side, as much as I shall endeavour on mine, to put a Value upon your worthy Actions. Be pleas'd to assure your self of it, and that I am, &c.

LETTER CLVI. To Mareschal de la Force.

IT is impossible for me to express it to yee, how highly the King was pleas'd with the Tidings of the Taking la Mothe: So much the more, because, as you may judge, that Place is of no small Consideration in His Majesty's Hands, and not a little beneficial to the Good of his Affairs. He also, in his Letter to you, so particularly testifies his Sa­tisfaction in your Care and Diligence to procure the Success of this Enterprize, that it would be to no purpose to add any thing farther on this Subject. And therefore it is not to that End I write these Lines, but only to let you know, as to my own particular, my extraordinary Joy for this happy Success, and for the Honour you have acquir'd by it: As also, to assure yee that I shall lose no Opportunity of let­ting His Majesty know the true Value of your Actions and Services, as much as you can desire from a Person who esteems yee, and who is really as I am, &c.

LETTER CLVII. To Mareschal de Crequi.

I Cannot but let you know by these Lines the Perplexity that I suffer, by reason of the News which is brought me of what you labour under in those Parts where you are, through the Malice and Artifices of some Persons dis-af­fected to the King's Service. His Majesty, whom I ac­quainted with it, was no less concern'd then my self; rightly judging, that they who strive to blemish your Re­putation, are no Friends to the Prosperity of his Affairs. I wrote what was fitting upon this Subject to M. de Hem [...] ­ry, to the end he might prevent the ill Consequences of such Proceedings: And I am assur'd, that in this Particu­lar he will do both what he ought to do, and what you can desire. In the mean time, never fear lest any thing that may be said on this side to your Disadvantage can in­duce the King, or his true Servants, to lose the good Opi­nion they have of your Person, or your Courage; or les­sen any thing of that Value which they put upon it. For my part, I beg yee to believe, that being so well acquaint­ed as I am with your Affection and Zeal for His Majesty's Service, I shall put as high a Value upon 'em as you can desire, seeing I am most assuredly, &c.

LETTER CLVIII. To Mareschal de Marillac.

I Have seen by the Letter which you wrote me, the Con­dition of the Army in Champagn [...], and the Necessities to which they are reduc'd. I am extreamly troubl'd at it, as you may well believe. I omit nothing that lies in my power to remedy this Inconvenience. The King has thought it requisite, upon M. de Boullay's Journey, that the Keeper of the Seals and the Intendants should see what they can do to provide for your Necessities.

I have seen what you send me from G [...]rmany. Pray do me the Favour to continue your Intelligence, and let me [Page 112] know what you hear of more Certainty. If Wallenstein in­tends to enter France through Burgundy, be pleas'd to have a quick Foot, and a sure Eye, to move as he advances; for in that Case, 'tis for the Army in your Quarters to make head against him. I have wrote to the Keeper of the Seals, to make such Provision of Corn as you shall judge requisite.

As for the German, you write to me about, I could wish, in case we have a War, that the King could draw him into his Service, with the Four Thousand Men which he pro­mises to bring along with him; and after that, all others who would do the same: For by depriving the Enemy of those, of whose Service against us they make full Ac­count, we may be able to make the same use of them, with Advantage, against themselves. The main Difficul­ty I meet with, is, Want of Money; without which, there is no dealing with Foreigners, that will be exactly paid for their Levies.

LETTER CLIX. To the same.

I Receiv'd your Letter by your Gentleman. We have receiv'd News from Germany, altogether conformable to what you send us, as to the Retreat of the Enemy from the Frontiers. I hope France will receive no harm on that side. As to what concerns M. de Lorraine, I make no que­stion that he bethinks himself of complying with the King's Desires; so that he will follow the Counsels and Practice of his Predecessors: The King has a Kindness for him; and so has the Queen, his Mother. Monsieur also, as you send us word, would be glad to shew him Marks of his Affection. For my part, I shall contribute all that lies in my power to the good Correspondence which it behoves him to hold with Their Majesties. I have always had an Honour and Esteem for him. But this is not the first time that I have experimented, to my Cost, that Pretences are always taken to complain of those who serve the King in that Station wherein I am. No Man knows better then your self, whether M. de Lorraine have any hard Measure, seeing it is under your Conduct that every thing has been [Page 113] done, and is done at present. The Keeper of the Seals knows better then any body, what Injustice has been done him in the Council, since every thing is done before him, by the particular Knowledge he has of his Affairs.

As for the ill Offices which are done me at Paris, in his behalf, according to what you send me word, I look upon 'em, as I do on several others of the like nature, as assured Marks of my Fidelity, and of my Zeal for the King's Ser­vice. I beseech yee, however, to put a stop to 'em, as much as in you lies, according as you meet with convenient Op­portunities. M. de Bouthillier has already return'd you an Answer in the King's Name, in reference to the Employ­ment of the German Lord, which you wrote about; which is the Reason that I say nothing more of it particularly.

I return no Answer to what you send me word, That many who are about Monsieur's Person will not see the Va­nity of their Opinions; That I have no Desire that the Ar­my of Champagne should be paid, because that if they who are so possess'd would but open their Eyes, they might up­on better Grounds affirm, that I was the Cause that the West-India Fleet is not yet arrived in Spain.

While I was in Piedmont, I believe I wrote a hundred times at least, how necessary it was to keep an Army on foot up­on the Frontiers of Spain; and evidently made it out, that 'twas impossible to keep it under a good Discipline without Money. After my Return, I declar'd by Word of Mouth what I had set forth in Writing before. I am my self at a loss, as well you know, for want of the Payment of some Assignations that were allow'd me, towards the Re-imburs­ment of several Summs which my Friends had paid before­hand, to the end your Army might be supply'd.

After this, I have nothing more to answer, seeing the Ef­fects themselves speak for me. But I could wish, that they who have the greatest Desire to find Faults where there are none, would tell me, out of their Universal Knowledge, (for they pretend to have an Insight into all things,) whe­ther there be any Kingdom in the World, which is able re­gularly to pay two or three Armies at the same time. I would have 'em tell me, whether Reason does not require, that we ought to be more careful of paying an Ar­my which acts in a Foreign Country, against a potent Ene­my, and where Scarcity, and other Inconveniencies are not to be express'd, then an Army that lies still in the King­dom, to prevent Mischief. I would have those People e [...] ­quire, after what manner the Spanish Armies are paid in [Page 103] Italy, which for eight Months together have not receiv'd so much as one whole Muster, but are contented with Bread only, which I believe the Army in Champagne has not want­ed. After all this, Monsieur the Superintendant has all along affirm'd, that the Assignations which he had allow'd for this Army were good; which I know not: But this I know well, that there is no Advantage accrues to him in making bad ones, since he is oblig'd to make 'em good. I have written to M. de Chevry, in his Absence to endeavour, as much as in him lies, that the Army might be paid. And this is all that I can say, only that I am, and shall be ever, &c.

LETTER CLX. To Mareschal d'Effiat.

I Have no need to be a great Orator, to persuade yee into a Belief that the King is highly pleas'd with the Victory which his Arms have won from the Enemy, at the Pass of Veillana; or that I my self am less joyfully concern'd. The Benefit which will thereby redound to His Majesty's Affairs, and the Share I take in your Interests, may give a better Confirmation of the Truth of what I say, then I can ex­press in these Lines. Seeing then it is not sufficient to have begun well, unless you continue, I promise my self, that in pursuance of this fortunate Success, you will make the best of all Opportunities which you believe may bring any Advantage to the King's Service.

LETTER CLXI. To Mareschal Vitry.

YOU will easily understand, by the King's sending the Bishop of Nantes into your Quarters, His Majesty's Affection and Care for the Affairs of Provence, since he has [...] de choice of a Person of that Condition, in whom he [...]s an entire Confidence. He has particular Order to act by your Advice, and to do nothing without your Consent. [Page 102] He is a Person of Understanding, well affected, full of Courage and Zeal for His Majesty's Service; for whom I will be answerable, as for my self. He will acquaint you with the King's Resolution to send you a Re-inforcement, and to keep on foot, near your Person, (besides the Forces which are necessary for the Guards of the several [...]trong Holds in the Province,) three Regiments, and Four Hun­der'd Horse, that you may be in a Condition to attack the Enemy, and acquire that Honour which I wish you. His Majesty promises himself, that you will lose no Opportuni­ty; and that your Actions will answer the good Opinion he has of your Prowess, your Prudence, and your Conduct.

LETTER CLXII. To the same.

I Know that M. de Noyers is so careful to let you under­stand from time to time the King's Pleasure and Inten­tions, in Answer to your Dispatches; as also, to inform yee of what passes considerable in these Parts, that it would be needless to make any farther Additions to his Informa­tions. I write yee therefore these Lines, to thank you for the Favours and Assistance of the Galleys which you were pleas'd to afford my Nephew le Genet, for those Occasions which he stood in need of since his being in Provence; and to beg the Continuance of the Proofs of your Affection for him, in what he may meet with of Exigencies for the future; as­suring you, that the Obligations you lay upon me will be the same, as if those Kindnesses were done to my self; as you will find upon Accidents that shall give me an Op­portunity to testifie my Acknowledgment. I have written to M. de Nantes, about fitting out the Vessels of Provence, to the end they may be in a Readiness to put to Sea as soon as the Western Fleet shall arrive upon your Coasts. I be­seech yee to omit nothing that lies in your power, to en­able him that he may do something advantageous to His Majesty's Affairs; whether it may be in having Soldiers ready to embark, or in furnishing the Fleet with other Ne­cessaries. Which, because I promise my self from your Zeal and Affection, I shall say no more, but only that I am, and will be ever, &c.

LETTER CLXIII. To M. de Charnace.

AS I cannot sufficiently acknowledge and praise the Goodness of God, for the Victory which he has been pleas'd to give the King's Army, over his Enemies; so I can­not but admire at the Order observ'd in lodging the Army; not being able to apprehend how they could march in view of the Enemy, not only lodging in two Bodies, but each Body in several Places. You know that before you came, we had resolv'd rather to encamp, then to hazard our Men, by separating 'em into several Lodgments, at a distance one from the other.

I am apt to believe the Inconvenience of Provisions hin­der'd the exact Observance of Order: But, in my Opinion, it had been better to have suffer'd a little, then to have ex­pos [...]d an Army to that Danger as yours was.

I am afraid this Accident will prove the Beginning of some Division and [...]ealousie among Persons, whose Union I much rather desire. Great Care ought to be taken, to avoid a Mischief which would be the Cause of many others. The same Care is also to be taken, that our Soldiers do not behave themselves more insolently then they ought to do towards the Dutch Army, by reason of this Victory. I desire yee to do what may be done, together with Mes­sieurs de Cha [...]il [...]on and de Brez [...], to prevent any such Dis­orders.

It remains now to make the best of so great an Advan­tage, by following the Enemy close at the Heels. Mon­sieur the Prince of Orange is too wise, and too considerate, to fail in that Respect. For that being in the Heart of the Country, after so great an Advantage, you may do great things.

You have practis'd well the Saying of the Sieur de Char­rost, That a Man ought to make himself known. You have omitted nothing that could be desir'd in this Action, to make your self appear such as you were always thought to be. I rejoice at it beyond what I can express, because of that Love and Affection which I bear yee.

LETTER CLXIV. To the Count of Gramont.

IF I do not answer all your Letters, accuse the Multipli­city and Perplexity of Affairs under which I labour; and do not believe it to be Want of Affection, in regard that mine which I have for you shall be always such as you can desire it to be. I return you a Thousand Thanks for your Care to inform me from Time to Time of what passes in your Parts, and the Condition of the Enemy upon your Frontiers. Here is nothing omitted on this side, to enable us to drive 'em from their Post which now they possess.

The King lately sent up Sieur d'Espernon to Messieurs l'E­spernon and de la Valetta, to acquaint 'em with his Intentions in this Particular. Now I send you the Sieur de Biscaras, whom you know, with Orders to contribute, under those Messieurs, as much as possibly may be done to attain this End. As for your part, I doubt not but you will do more then we can promise our selves; knowing, as I do, your passionate Zeal for His Majesty's Service, and the Reputa­tion of his Arms. So that I press yee to nothing, but to live in Amity with Messieurs l'Espernon and de la Valetta; so that there may be no Fractions or Altercations between yee. Besides that it is a thing altogether necessary towards the accomplishing of the King's Design, you will in so parti­cular a manner oblige my self, that no Opportunity shall ever present it self of making my Acknowledgments, and extolling your Conduct, wherein you shall not find by the Effects, that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXV. To the same.

UNderstanding that M. de Navaille is your Kinsman, I desire yee to do me th [...] Favour to find out some way to see him so soon as you come into the Country; and get from him a Letter to his Son, that may put him out of all his Fears that he and his Mother will no longer lock [Page 106] upon him, if he turn Catholick. The Father, when he gave me his Son, openly declar'd to M. de Charost, (to whom I made some Scruple of receiving him, because of his Religion,) that he believ'd I would persuade him to change it: However, that he deliver'd him into my hands, to follow my Advice and Counsel. I wrote to him twice about it, though he return'd me no Answer. I desire that you would persuade him to give me some Satisfaction in this Particular. I shall think my self much oblig'd to yee, and deem my self not a little beholding to your Wit and Discretion; being as I shall be ever, &c.

If you can get a Word from his Mother by way of Con­sent, you will highly oblige me: But I am afraid 'twill be too great a Miracle for such a Saint as you to mollifie the Obstinacy of a Woman. Nevertheless, let it be set down in the Father's Letter, that the Mother is certainly of the same Mind with him: and that he can assure me, she will not take amiss the Counsel that I shall give him.

LETTER CLXVI. To the Marquiss of Hauterive.

THE Bearer will tell you the Reason of his Journey; which is, that the Governor of Orange has sent word, that the King had some Design upon his City. But His Ma­jesty has much more Reason to complain of that Imposture, not being able to endure that his Intentions should be ill interpreted; which are such, that his Enemies can find no fault with 'em: Or that his Servants should be suspected of a thing, for which there is no Ground. You may be pleas'd to declare to Monsieur, the Prince of Orange, His Majesty's Sentiments of such a Supposition; and assure him, he has no Reason to be afraid of France. You may be also answerable for my Affection, and my Service, which he shall always find conformable to his Desires. You may be pleas'd to give M. de Bouillon notice also, that Endeavours have been us'd to do him ill Offices with the King, as if he had some Thoughts of being prejudicial to his Service; which His Majesty neither does, nor ever will believe, as being too well assur'd of his Fidelity. I have written to him upon this Point. As for your part, you may be certain that there is none more really then my self, &c.


I do not send yee these Lines to let you know the parti­cular Confidence the King has in your Courage and Af­fection to his Service, because you may be easily sensible of that, by the Choice His Majesty has made of your Person, and your Regiment, to join the Forces which he sends to the Succour of M. de W [...]ymar, under the Command of M. de Guebriant; but only to assure yee, that His Majesty will acknowledge, upon all Opportunities that present them­selves, the manner of your Deportment in this Affair; to which I shall gladly contribute what lies in my power. In the mean time, because this Journey cannot be undertaken without some Expence, you will receive by de Graves, who belongs to me, a Thousand Crowns towards your Charges. And so I beg yee to believe, that upon all Occasions, you shall find that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXVIII. To M. de Saucourt.

'TIS impossble for me to express my Joy, to hear that the Enemy have taken a Resolution to attack Corbie, considering the Confidence that I have in the Affection, Courage and Resolution of those that defend that Place; where I make no doubt but, for your own particular, you will contribute whatever is to be promis'd from your Person. For my part, I promise my self, that you will altogether make the Spaniards sensible that they have mistaken their Men, and that they have to do with Soldiers as courageous, as they who undertook to hold out Capelle and Carelet were base and cowardly. I will not tell yee the Punishment which His Majesty is resolv'd those Gentlemen shall under­go, because you will hear it talk'd of within a few Days. But I will assure yee, that he is absolutely dispos'd to ac­knowledge and reward the Services of those that do their Duty upon such Occasions; wherein I shall be diligent to [Page 120] assist him. In the mean time, I must earnestly desire yee so to order it, that your Garison may live in perfect Union, and good Understanding one with another; and to assure all those that compose it, that I will make the best of their Ser­vices to the King, and improve 'em as high as possibly they can desire. And for your own particular, be satisfy'd, that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXIX. To M. de Puylaurens.

THE King is so well pleas'd with Monsieur's Choice of M. de Verderonne for Chancellor of his Houshold, well knowing his good Qualities, that he has willingly granted him the Employment of Ordinary in his Council, which His Highness requested him to add to it. My Joy is greater then I can express, as well for that the said Sieur de Verderonne has the Honour to be related to you, as for his own particu­lar Merit; most earnestly requesting you to believe, that I shall always be dispos'd to favour your Concerns, with all the Affection that you can expect from him who is sin­cerely, &c.

LETTER CLXX. To the Duke of Chaunes.

WE have just now receiv'd the News, that the Queen has left Compeigne, and is retir'd to la Capelle. I send you this word, to the end you may not fail, upon Receipt hereof, to take Horse, with all the Friends you can get to­gether, to the end you may be as near that place as is pos­sible, in order to hinder her from enterprizing upon any other, to the prejudice of the King's Service. His Majesty will speedily send a considerable Force to your Frontiers. In the mean time, give notice to all the Cities, and bid 'em take care of their Preservation; and be assur'd that you shall see us very suddenly. I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXI. To the Marquiss de Fossez.

THO' I know you have not as yet had time enough to take an exact view of the place where you are, nor to observe what is wanting and necessary for its pre­servation; nevertheless I cannot, but I must earnestly entreat you to send me in General by the Return of this Bearer, whom I have sent on purpose, the Condition of the Garrison and Magazins as you found 'em, to the end we may be satisfy'd. I have such a confidence in your Af­fection, your care and diligence, that I no longer believe Nancy to be in any danger, while you are there, not doubt­ing but that you will so well regulate all things, that we shall no longer labour under those perplexities we have suf­fer'd for these three Months, considering the danger of that place.

The little care that has been taken hitherto to preserve the Corn that was laid up there, is the reason that the Ma­gazins are almost empty; but I hope, that yours and the care of the Bishop of Nantes, whom the King has sent into Lorrain and Barrois to buy Corn and send it thither, will re­medy this defect, and that in a little time there will he as great Plenty in the City, as there has been scarcity hither­to. This is that which I request of yee, as much as in me lies; assuring you that there is nothing that I wish more passionately then to see Nancy and Metz so well stor'd, that whatever Army the King may have in those Quarters this Summer, there may be enough to spare. Be pleas'd then to do your utmost, and believe me to be for ever, &c.

LETTER CLXXII. To the same.

YOU may have heard by this time how Treves has been surpriz'd which makes me put Pen to Paper most earnestly, to intreat you to beware, by this Example, of falling into the like misfortune, and to that end that [Page 110] you keep so careful a watch over the Inhabitants of Nan­cy, that they may not be able to accomplish any ill de­sign. To this purpose, besides those you have already put out of the Town, if you think there are any others, whom you have good reason to suspect, the King's ser­vice and the security of the place requires, that you deal by them after the same manner, it being certain that 'tis more easie to obviate the designs of open Enemies with­out, then to prevent the Machinations of Clandestin Con­spirators within. I believe it also no less necessary for you to make a new and exact search in all suspected Houses for conceal'd Arms, and to take away such as you find, thereby not only to prevent the Effect, but the fear of any danger. My assurance that you will do whatever may be expected from your Vigilance and Affection, will not permit me to say any more, but that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXIII. To Cardinal Barberini.

I Write to your Eminency to let you know the satisfa­ction which Mazarine has given by his Journey to this Court, where he behav'd himself in such a manner, that the King was very much pleas'd with him; I will say no­thing to yee of his Address, and dexterity in Negotia­tion, but that he has testify'd so great a desire for Peace, that he could not have shewn a greater, and if the Impe­rialists and Spaniards tread the same steps, that we on this side do, I make no question but that in a little time we shall see all Italy in safe Tranquility, which will be a great step toward the Repose of all Christendom. I hope his Holiness will be as well satisfy'd to see so great a Work accomplish'd, if it can be brought to perfection, as I hope it will. For my own part I should extreamly rejoyce at it; and from this very hour it is no small consolation to me, that the said Sieur Mazarin, and all that have Negoti­ated on this side, are clearly sensibly, that the King has omitted nothing that could be desir'd for the promoting so great a good, and that they who had the Honour to serve him, have sincerely contributed all that could be expected from their Industry. And I shall continue to do the same, with the same passion that I am, &c.

LETTER CLXXIV. To the same.

THe King having done the president M. le Coignrux the Honour to recommend him to the Cardinalship, as deeming him worthy of it, I write you these Lines to assure yee, that you cannot do an act of Kindness more grate­full to the King, and to Monsieur, then to make use of your Credit with his Holiness, that so this affair may be termi­nated with the soonest. For my own part, I most earnest­ly entreat your Eminency to believe, that your good will to the Person in whose behalf I write, will lay an Eternal Obligation upon him who Honours your Eminency, and desires all Opportunities to serve yee, as being as much as man can be, &c.

LETTER CLXXV. To Cardinal Bentivoglio.

MOnsieur Le Coigneux being recommended by the King to the Dignity of Cardinal, as well in respect to Monsieur, as in Consideration of his own Merit, I write you these lines, beseeching yee to make use of your Pow­er with his Holiness, so that his Majesty and Monsieur may with the soonest receive that satisfaction which they pro­mise to themselves. Besides the thanks they will repay you, and the strict Obligation you will lay upon him in whose behalf I write, I dare assure yee, that I shall take so great a share in it, that there shall no Opportunity present it self of manifesting my acknowledgment, wherein you shall not find by the Effects that I am most sincerely, &c.

LETTER CLXXVI. To Cardinal Barberini.

THE King having, within these few days, nominated the Abbot of Chastelliers to the Bishoprick of Agen, and written to his Holiness, to pleasure him with the free Gift of his Bulls; I write yee these Lines, most earnestly to intreat you, that you will vouchsafe him the Effects of your Protection upon this occasion. Besides his Majesty's Recommendation, the Honour, which he has to be nearly related to Marshal Schomberg, and his particular merit so well known to every Body, even in the place where you are, will, I am confident, prevail with you to procure him the favour which he desires. Besides, this favour will be a greater Obligation to me then I can Express, and I shall endeavour, to revenge my self upon all Opportunities of serving you that shall present themselves; and that, with the same Affection as I am, and ever will be, &c.

LETTER CLXXVII. To the same.

MY Joy for the Promotion of my Brother to the de­gree of Cardinal, obliges me to write you these Lines, to the end I may make it manifest by all the returns of Thanks which I am able to repay you, I beseech you to believe that I shall carefully seek all ways to make you sensible of my acknowledgment. I promise my self that his Holiness will not repent of having assumed him into the number of his Creatures, and that you will acknow­ledge one day that his service has not been unprofitable, and I hope within a little time, he will confirm yee in the belief of his particular Devotion to your Eminency; so that he will be at Rome, what I shall be always dispos'd to be, near the person of the King, who has so great an Af­fection for your Family, that I should fail in pursuing his Intentions, which to me are Laws inviolable, should I o­mit to manifest upon all opportunities, that I am, &c.


THE Chevalier de Roche Coulombe having receiv'd a Box of the Ear from the Chevalier de Janlis, which oblig'd him, by the Laws of Honour, to draw upon him where e're he met him, and having kill'd him at the first pass, I have been besought by Persons of Quality, to beg of you, that you would intercede to his Holiness for his Pardon, and by that means to restore him to the Rank he held in his Service, and the Priviledges he may have for­feited by the Fact he has committed. In