A true and perfect NARRATIVE OF What was acted, spoken by Mr. Prynne, other formerly and freshly secluded Members, the Army-Officers, and some now sitting in the Lobby, House, elsewhere, the 7th. and 9th. of May last. The grounds inducing Mr. Pr. to go into the House: The Eviden­ces, Reasons, by which he intended to demonstrate to them: That their New-Common Wealth, (or Good Old Cause) was originally projected by the Iesuites, and o­ther forein Popish Enemies, erected by the Army Officers, and those now convened, as their seduced Instruments, to destroy our Protestant Religion, Church, King, King­doms, Parliaments, Laws, Liberties, with the visible effects thereof since its erection; That the Old Parliament was absolutely dissolved by the Kings beheading, notwithstand­ing 17 Car. c. 7. That the Commons sitting since 1648. and now, neither are, nor can be the House of Commons, much lesse the Parliament within that Act. That our hereditary Monarchy, is the divinest, best, happyest, durablest of all other Governments; and its speedy restitution, the only means to prevent impendent ruine, and restore our Pristine Peace, Safety, Honour, Vnity, Prosperity, both in Church and State: With some season­able Applications to the Army, the sitting, secluded Members, Lords, and all Well wishers to the Publick.

By WILLIAM PRYNNE Esq a Bencher of Lincolns Inne.

Printed and published to rectifie the various Reports, Censures of this. Action; to give publick satisfaction to all Members of the Old Parliament, the whole English Nation, especially those Vianders and free Burgesses of the Borough of Newport in Cornwall, (who without Mr. P. his Privity or liking, unanimously elected him for their Burgesse, Anno 1648. though soon after forcibly secluded, secured, and now twice re-secluded in like manner by the Army-Officers.) Of his sincere En­deavours to the uttermost of his power, to preserve OUR RELIGION, fun­damental LAWS, LIBERTIES, GOVERNMENT, the Essential Rights, Privileges, Freedom of Parliament, and all we yet enjoy, according to his Oaths, Covenant, Trust, as a Parliament-Member, against the utter Subverters of them, by a NEW REPUBLICK, meer armed force, arbitrary will, and tyrannical power, through the apparent Plots, Seductions of our professed forein Popish Adversaries and their Instruments; here clearly detected in their native Co­lours, fruits.

Psal. 3.6.

I will not be afraid of ten Thousands of men, who have set themselves against me round about.

Psal. 27.3.

Though an Host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear; though war should rise against me, in this will I be confident.

London Printed for Edw. Thomas at the Adam and Eve in Little Britaine, 1659.

A true and full Narrative of what was done and spoken by and between Mr. Prynne, other secluded Members, & Army Officers, &c.

ON the 7th. day of this instant May Mr. Prynne walking to Westminster Hall, (where he had not been six daies before,) meeting with some old secured and secluded Members of Parliament, summoned by King Charles his Writ and Authority, for these only ends (expressed in all writs of Summons to the Lords, and of Elections issued to Sheriffs of Counties for electing Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of Parliament, and in the Indentures themselves by which they were retorned Members;) To confer and treat of certain great and ard [...]ous affairs, concerning the defence of the King, Kingdom, and Church of England, and to do and consent to those things which shall happen to be therein ordained by Common counsel, (of the King, Lords, and Commons,) touching the aforesaid businesses: which Parliament began at Westminster the third day of November, 1640. They shewed him a Declaration of the Officers and Counsel of the Ar­my, made in such hast and confusion, that they mistook the Month wherein they made it, dating it April 6. instead of May 6. published by them that morning, (which Declara­tion the day before, was presented to the Speaker of the said Parliament, at the Rolls, by divers Officers of the Army, in the name of Col: Fleetwood, and the Counsel of Officers of the Ar­my, in presence of many Members of the said Parliament) con­taining their earnest desire, That those Members who continued to sit since the year 1648. untill the 20th. of April, 1653. would return to the exercise and discharge of their trust, (expressed in the foresaid Writs and Indentures alone by those who impowred, elected, & entrusted them as their Re­presentativs, without any other forged new trust whatsoever, inconsistent with or repugnant to it) Promising their readiness in their places as became them, to yield their utmost Assistance [Page 2] to them to sit in safety, for improving the present opportunity for setling and securing the peace and freedom of this Common­wealth; praying for the presence and blessing of God upon their endeavours; who after they had sate many years in performance of the trust reposed in them by the people, and being in the pro­secution of that Duty assembled in Parliament at Westminster, upon the 20th. day of April 1653. were then interrupted and forced out of the House from that time untill this very day: Of which force they seemed in this Declaration unfeinedly to repent, by an actual restitution of the Members formerly for­ced thence, much more then of that See the E­pistle and Ap­pendix to my Speech in Par­liament; and the 2d part of the History of Independen­cy. greater and more ap­parent force of whole Regiments of Horse and Foot drawn up to the house it self in a violent maner, Dec. 6. 1648. where they seised, secured Mr. Pr. with above forty, and secluded, forced away above 300 Members more of the Commons House, only for the faithfull discharge of their Trusts and Duties therein, according to their Oaths, Protestations, Vows, Covenants, Consciences, wherin most think they first turned out of the way, by wandring into other wayes from righteous & equal paths; which Members though they do not particularly invite to sit again, yet they having proved no breach of trust against them, do not in the least measure intimate, that they would forcibly seclude them from sitting if that Parliament should be publickly voted still in being by vertue of the Sta­tute of 17 Carol [...] c. 7. as they in their Counsel of the Army have actually resolved, by their invitation of the Members there­of to sit again, as Mr. P. & those Members who shewed it to him conceived upon their perusal thereof. Mr. P. being after informed, that the Old Speaker and sundry Members of the long Parliament were then met in the painted Chamber to consult together in order to their meeting again in the House, was moved to go thither to them which he refused, because it was no place where the House of Commons ever used to meet or sit as an House, but only as a Committe upon conferences with the Lords: Soon after Mr. P. heard by some Members and others, that the old Speaker and about [Page 3] forty Members more, with the Mace carried before them, were gon from the Lords House into the Ho. of Com. & there sate as an House by vertue of the Stat. of 17 Car. c. 7. and their old Elections by the Kings Writs; Vpon which there being then above 30 of the old secluded Members in Decemb. 1648. in the Hall; they did think fit and agree, that to avoid Tumult, about 12. or 14. of them, in the name of the rest, if freely admitted without any seclusion, or engage­ment; should in a friendly manner, desire to know of them, Upon what account they did now sit there thus sodainly and unex­pectedly, without giving any convenient notice or summons to all the rest of the Members to sit with them? If only by vertue of the Act of 17 Caroli ch. 7. thus penned. Be it enacted and declared by the King our Soveraign Lord, with the Assent of the Lords & Commons, That this present Parl. now assembled shall not be dissolved, unless it be by Act of Parliament to be passed for that purpose; Nor shall any time or times during the continuance thereof, be prorogued or adjourned, unless it be by Act of Parliament, to be likewise passed for that purpose. And that the House of Péers shall not at any time or times during this present Parliament, be adjourned, unless it be by themselves or their own Order. And in like manner. That the House of Com­mons shall not at any time or times during this present Parlia­ment, be adjou [...]ned, unless it be by their own Order. And that all and every thing or things whatsoever done or to be doue, for the adjournment proroguing or dissolving of this present Parlia­ment; shall beutterly void and of none effect: Then they inten­ded to send for the rest of the Members walking in the Hall to come in unto them: and to move, that all surviving Members of this Parliament, might by joynt consent parti­cularly be sent to, and invited to meet and sit in the House at a convenient day, before any Vote or Order passed by thē then sitting, thus sodainly convened without any notice (which would be interpreted rather a surprize, and un-Par­liamentary practice, both by the absent Members and the whole Nation, than any obliging Parliamentary Vote or Order of the House) and more discontent than invite [Page 4] the absent unsummoned Members unto them, making the publike rent greater than before. And when they were there assembled, that in the first place they might freely & fully debate this Question, (wherein there were different O­pinions between the Members themselves, and other lear­ned Lawyers;) Whether this Parliament was not actually dissol­ved by the late Kings forcible death? which is clearly M. P. his opinion formerly published) Or, Whether it was not still in be­ing, by vertue of this Act, notwithstanding the Kings death, or any other thing or things done already by the Army-Officers or others for the adjourning, proroguing or dissolving thereof? If it should upon such debate be Voted by the Majority of the House to be really and legally dissolved; they held it their duties and theirs now sitting, to acquiesce therein, and act no farther as a Parl. But if voted still in being, they all held it their duty, to sit and joyn their best Counsels and Endea­vours to settle the Government, Peace, Safety of our distrac­ted Church and Nations, now more shaken, unsetled, endan­gered in their apprehensions than ever, and would submit their private contrary Opinions in this (as in all other Votes) to the over-ruling Judgement of the whole House; as the only hopefull way to revive the antient Constitution, Rights, Privileges of Parliament; and resettle us upon last­ing foundations of Peace and Prosperity.

Upon these Resolutions alone, & none other, which Mr. P. intended to propose to those then sitting, he went to the L [...]b­by door of the Commons House, accompanied with Sir George Booth, Mr. Arthur Annesley, Sir Iohn Evelyn, Mr. Th. Gew­en, Mr. Charles Rich, Mr. Mountague, Mr. Ri. Knightly, Mr. Hungerford, and one or two more; which being shut to keep out the people crowding on the stairs to get in, through whom they could hardly pass▪ M. P. knocked twice or thrice, but could get no admittance, till the doer being opened to let out M. Nye & som other Ministers, Mr. P. with Sir Geo. Booth and Mr. Annesly, being formost, pressed into the Lobby; and then the door being shut & bolted again, Mr. P. unbolted & [Page 5] held it open till the rest came in; where they finding Mr. Iohn and Mr. Iames Herbert standing in the Lobby, acquainted them with their intentions to go then into the House, who resolved to go in with them. Coming all up to­wards the House door, which was shut and kept Guarded (as it presently appeared) by som Officers of the army; Mr. P. required them, to open the door to let them in, being all Members of the old Parliament; who thereupon demanded; Whether they had continued sitting in it since 1648. to 1653? M. P. & the rest all answered, That being Members of the old Parliament, they would give no account to thē or any others of their sitting, but only to the House it self wherof they were Members, being contrary to the Privilege of Parliament, which they & others were obliged inviolably to maintain: Upon which demanding their names, they said; that if they would send in a Note of their names to the House, and they ordered them to come in, they should be admitted. Whereto Mr. P. replied, We yet knew not who were within the House, nor whether they were yet sitting, nor upon what ac­count they sate; nor was it agreeable with the Custom or Privi­lege of Parliament for one Member to send tickets to his fellow Members for free admission into the House, being all equals, and having an equal right freely to enter into it at all times, as well as they; nor was it their duty thus to capitulate with Members, but obey their just commands in opening the door: Which they [...]till refusing, Mr. P. demanded, Who and what they were, being all strangers to them? and by whose authority, or order they thus forcibly kept them out? They answered, they were Officers of the army, and had sufficient Authority to keep thē out, if they had not sate since 1648. till 1653. Mr. P. demanded, From whom they had their warrant, since they could have none from those within, being but newly entred; and none else could give thē such a warrant, nor they within before they heard them, and gave good reason for it; demanding them to produce their Order, if they had any in writing, that they might know by whose authority they were thus forcibly kept out; de­manding their several names twice or thrice, wherwith they [Page 6] refused to acquaint them. Upon this M. P. told them, They doubted of their Authority, Orders thus to seclude thē, because they were either ashamed or afraid to tell thē their names, when as they told them theirs: That they knew not whether they were Officers of the Army, or not, unless they knew their names, that so they might inquire the truth of it, or saw their Commissions: And if they were Army-Officers indeed, they had published a printed Decl. in all their names that morning, inviting (as they conceiv'd) all Members they formerly secluded, to return & sit again in the House to discharge their trusts: wherin they professed their former force upon, & seclusion of them, to be a Backsliding, and wandring into UNRIGHTEOUS PATHS; which they seemingly repented of; promising to yield their utmost assistance to them to sit in safety; and praying for the presence and blessing of God upon their endeavours: And if now within few hours after this Remonstrance published, they thus highly and publikely violated it in the view of all there present, by returning to their former Backslidings and Unrighteous paths; in secluding those who were Members afresh, and violating their own Declarati­on, none would henceforth credit them, or it. Upon which one of them told M. P. He knew he was none of them who sate since 1648. till 1653. therfore they were not bound to let him in, being not within their Declaration. Who retorted, he thought their repentance had been universal, not partial; of all their forces upon the House and Members, especially of their grea­test Dec. 6. 1648. when they not only secluded, but secured and imprisoned him and 40 more in Hell, and other places, & forced away 3. times as many more for discharging their trusts, & asser­ting the true GOOD OLD CAUSE; against their Commissions, trusts, Protestations, and printed Remonstrances; which if they would look back upon and well consider (as they proclaim they had don in their New Decl.) they would find to be one of their grea­test Backslidings where they first turned out of the way, wch caused God to withdraw his presence and GOOD SPIRIT FROM THEM ever since, and give them up to the prosecu­tion of a New Romish GOOD OLD CAVSE, which had brought [Page 7] us into a sad posture, occasioned many vicissitudes of dangers, and caused God in his Providence to make all their Essaies to settle us, utterly ineffectual; to convince them of & reclaim them from their Error: which they now pursued afresh, as vigorously as ever: That for his own part after his Impisonment by them against both Lawe and Privilege in 1648. in sundry places, he was again forcibly seised by some of the Army in his House in 1650. and kept a close Prisoner near 3. years under armed guards of Souldiers in 3. remote Castles farr distant frō th [...]se th [...]n sitting: Therfore they could not make their unrighteous Imprisonment of him then without any cause or hea­ring, a just ground to seclude him from sitting now. But all these expostulations of M. P. and others, not prevailing, they desired all present to take notice and bear witnes of this high affront and brea [...]h of Privilege in this their forcible seclusion▪ And so departing Mr. Knightly meeting Major General Lambert in the Lobby, complai [...]ed to him of this Forcible seclusion; who gave him a civil Answer to this effect; That things were now in an hurrie, and their entring at this time into the House might causes me disturbance, but doubted not such course would be taken by the Officers of the Army in few daies, that none should be forcibly secluded and so they went from the Lobby into the Hall from whence they came, acquainting those Members they left there with the premises.

After some conference with one another, it was thought fit they should meet about 4. a clock in the Evening under Lincolns Inne Chappel, and in the mean time that every one should inquire, what old secluded, or secured Members were now in town, and how many Members of the long Parliament were yet living, chosen or sitting before December 6. 1648. when they were first forcibly secluded by the Army. Some met accordingly, and upon conference found, there were about 80 secluded Members then in London and Westminster; being near double the number of those sitting that day; and above 300 Members of all sorts yet living, chosen or sitting in the Commons House before Decemb. 1648. over and a­bove [Page 8] those that now sate; all which they conceived ought in justice to be summoned by the Speakers Letter, freely to meet and sit in the House at a convenient time to be agreed upon; In order whereunto some ten of them met in the Counsel-Chamber of Lincolns Inne (where the old Speaker used to sit in Counsel as a Bencher with the rest of the Benchers concerning the affairs of the Society) as the fittest place to write down a Catalogue of all the surviving Members names, by the help of their Memories and the printed list of them; which having finished, they departed, agreeing to meet in Westmin­ster Hall about 9 of the clock on Monday morning, whither M. P. carried the list of the names he had formerly written, digested into an alphabetical order, to communicate it to other Members, Those that sate meeting on the Lords day, ad­journed their House till ten of the clock Mond [...]y morning: But the Courts not sitting in VVestminster-Hall that day, Mr. P. found the Hall very thin, & few Members in it. Whiles he was standing in the Hall expecting those who promised to meet there, he was twice informed one after another, that there were no Guards at all at the House D▪ or, that any person might freely go into it without examination, there being but few Members within, and the Doors standing open. Whereupon he spake to 4 or 5 Members there met, to go along with him into the House, and if they were freely admitted, to give notice of it to the rest to fol­low after if they pleased: Some of them were unwilling to go being formerly repulsed, thinking it better to make a Narrative of their former forcible seclusion on Saturday, and to signifie it by a Letter directed to the Speaker, sub­scribed with their names, which Mr. P. conceived super­fluous, since the Door now stood feeely open to all with­out any Guards to seclude any, and that, as he apprehended, in pursute of Major General Lamberts promise to Mr. Knightly: And it would be idle to complain of that force by Letter, wherewith they might now acquaint those then fitting by their own mouthes, if there were cause. Vpon [Page 9] which ground, M. Prynne, Mr. Annesly, and Mr. Hungerford about ten of the clock went to the House, where the doors of the Lebby & House were at first knock opened to them by the ordinary Door-keepers, upon their telling thē they were Members, (there being no Guard at either door:) who deli­vered to each of them as Members, a printed Paper intitled, A Declaration of the Parliament assembled at Westminster, Sa­turday 7. May, 1659. They found not about 9. of 10. of those who sate, within the House, who courteously saluted them: After some short discourses, Mr. Annesly, and Mr. Hungerford leaving Mr. Prynne in the House, (out of which he resolved not to stir upon any occasion, for fear of a new forcible seclusion) went back into the Hall to ac­quaint the Members in it, they might freely enter if they plea­s [...]d: Mr. Annesly returning, was forcibly kept out from re­entring by some Soldiers, sent thither (as he conceited) for that purpose. Wherwith he acquainted Mr. P. by a Note, desiring to speak with him at the House door; which being opened, Mr.Annesly pressed to go in to speak with him, but was denied entrance, unless he would give his paroll presently to come out again and not stay in: whereupon he said. Though they had often broken their parolls with them, yet he would not break his parol; but would come forth so soon as he had spoken with M. P. which he accordingly performed. After this Mr. P. had conference with divers Members as they came in, who said they were glad to see him in health, and meet him there again. The House being thin, M. P. turned to the Statute of 17 Caroli, c. 7. reading it to himself; and after that to two other Members: telling them, it was a doubt, whether the old Parliament was not determined by the Kings death, notwithstanding that Act; which was fit to be first freely debated in a full House, before ought else was done. Upon which they demanded, Why he came amongst them, if he made a scru­ple, or thought it to be dissolved? Who answered, to have it fully debated and resolved in a full and free House. After which Sir Arthur Hasterigge coming in, Mr. P. saluted and [Page 10] told him, He was glad to meet him again in this place: who presently answered, he had nothing to do to sit there as a Mem­ber, being formerly secluded. Whereto he replyed, he had as good right to sit there as himself, or any other Member whatsoe­ver, upon the account of the old Parliament, if in being: having acted, written, suffred more in defence of the rights and privile­ges of Parliament, than himself, or any sitting with him. Upon which Sir Henry Vane coming in, and stepping up to them, said in a menacing manner: Mr. Prynne, what make you here? you ought not to come into this House being formerly vo [...]ed out, I wish you as a friend quietly to depart hence, else some course will be presently taken with you for your presumption: which Sir Arthur seconded, telling him, If he refused, that there would be a speedy course taken, and a charge put in against him, for his meetings on Saturday, and actings against the House. To which he replied, He had as good, if not a better right to sit than either of them: That he knew of no Vote to seclude, nor of any there who had right or power to vote him out, being equally intrusted with themselves for the whole Nation, and those he represented: That he was never convicted of any breach of his Parliamentarie trust, and hoped they would have both the justice and patience to hear, before they voted him out: And then he doubted not to make it appear, themselves were greater Infrinegers of their trusts, and more worthy to be voted out than himself. As for their Charge and menaces, he was no way affrighted with them: It being as free and lawfull for him and other Members, to meet and advise together both as Members and Freemen of England, for preservation of themselves, the peoples Rights and Parliaments Privileges, when forcibly secluded, as they did on Saturday; as for themselves, or the Army Officers to meet privately and publickly both in and out of the House, to deprive them of their privileges, as they had oft times done of late: That these high menacing words, were a very ill performance of their New published Declaration, delivered him at the door: That they were resolved (by the gracious assistance of Al­mighty God) to apply themselves to the faithfull discharge of [Page 11] their legal Trust; to assert, establish and secure, the Pro­perty and Liberty of the People in reference unto all, both as Men and as Christians.) which if they should publikely vio­late, & null by any unjust charge, or proceedings against him, who had suffered so much, both as an English Freeman, Christian, and Member too (by their 3 years close imprisonment of him without cause or hearing) under their new FREE-STATE, when first erected, and now again upon their very first reviving of it, though a Member, only for coming into the House and mee­ting with other Members, to claim their rights: It would highly reflect upon their intended new Free State, and make all out of love with it. After which, they going up with other Mem­bers into the Committee Chamber, to consult how to dis­pose of or get him out of the House, about half an hour af­ter they all came down into the House, where Mr. P. con­tinued sitting: the Speaker being come in the interim, they first concluded to goe to prayers, then to sit as an House: whereupon all taking their places, Mr. Prynne took his place too where he usually sat before, resolving not to stirr thence: which Sir Arthur and Sir Henry observing, after some whisperings with the Speaker and others next them; though the Cushion was laid, and order given to call in the Chaplain to pray, yet they countermanded it, telling the Speaker, ‘It was now somewhat late, and they could dispatch little before dinner: therefore they would by agreement, without any adjournment, presently rise and go to dinner, and then sit in the afternoon about one a clock, and the Speaker in the mean time might dispatch a business he said he must needs doe.’ Vpon which they all rising, Mr. P. continued in the House till most of them (being about 42. with himself in his computation) were gone out, lest they should return and sit so soon as he was gone, his presence there, being the sole cause of their not fitting. Mr. Prynne then going out after them, found a guard of Souldiers with Halberts at the door, and a Troop of Horse in the Pallace Yard; which were purposely sent [Page 12] for to keep out the other Members, and Mr. P. if he retur­ned, as the sequel proved. Mr. P. having acquainted some secluded Members in the Hall with these passages in the House; who agreeing to send a letter to the Speaker tou­ching their forcible seclusion on Saturday, he returned to Lincolns Inne, where he dined in the Hall: Immediatly after dinner he repaired to Westminster, with a resolution to goe into the House if admitted▪ or protest against the force if se­cluded by the Army Gards there placed: he found an whole Troop of Horse, in the Palace yard, and a Company of Foot on the Stairs, and Court of Requests, drawn thither to keep him and other Members out; whereupon he walked in the Hall til past 3. a clock, expecting the Speakers coming, with whom he intended to enter; At last, being informed that he went the back way without the Mace, and was gon into the House; Mr. P. to avoid tumult (a company of unknown per­sons in the Hall going after to see the issue) went purposely forth towards the Abby, till all were gone from the steps; and then going up only with one of his acquaintance, (no Member) he found the door and stairs before the Lobby strictly garded with Red-coats, who with their Halberts cros­sed the door and steps so thick that none could pass: where­upon Mr. P. demanded entrance, saying, he was a Member; and they being ignorant who he was, permitted him to pass through their pikes into the Lobby, but secluded his friend from going up with him. When he came at the House door to enter, several Officers of the Army there placed (one of them sitting in a chair) told him, That he must not en­ter, and that they had special Order to keep him out of the House: Wherupon he Protested against this their forcible double seclu­sion of him, as an high contempt and breach of Privilege, con­trary to their own and the sitting Members Declaration publish­ed that day; demanding in the name of all the Commons of Eng­land, and those for whom he was elected, free admission for him­self and other Members they kept out by a visible force of horse and foot; which was a worse and more real levying of warre a­gainst [Page 13] the Pa [...]liament, then the beheaded King or his party were guilty of;‘whose imprisoning, prosecution of MEM­BERS OF PARLIAMENT for opposing his unlawfull will, after the Parliament: and coming to the House on­ly to demand the 5. impeached Members, without offe­ring force, or secluding any Member; but ABOVE ALL, HIS LABOVRING THE ENGLISH ARMY TO BE EN­GAGED AGAINST THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT; (be­ing a thing OF THAT STRANGE IMPIETY & UNNATU­RALNES, that nothing can answer it, but his being a foreiner) with his breach of Faith, Oath, Protestations, in levying war against and offering force to the Parliament only at a distance, without keeping out any by armed Gards) being the principal unparale'ld Treasons, for which the most of those now sitting in their very Declaration of 17 Mar [...]ii 1648. (expressing the grounds of their late proceedings a­gainst him, and setling the p [...]esent GOVERNMENT in the way of a FREE STATE, now cryed up as their GOOD OLD CAVSE) appealed to all the Wo [...]ld to judge, whether they had not sufficient cause to bring the K. to Iustice? and execute him as they did: Of all which they were formerly & now far more guilty in placing Gards of Horse, & foot at the Parliament Doors to keep out him & other Members: it being a force and levying of war upon the House it self and Members, which would null all their Acts and Votes, as the sitting Members in their Decla­ration & Speaker in his Letter, An. 1648. (upon the London unarm'd Apprentices Tumults at the House Doors, though they kept out none) yea some now sitting in their Speeches in the last dissolved Assembly at VVestminster, declared very lately: After which some of the Officers said, Pray talk no more with him: whereto he replies, he must talk a little more to them, in their own Language: That the Army-Officers and Counsel themselves had forcibly turned those now sitting out of Doors, 20 April 1653. and thus [Page 14] branded them in their Declarations and The true State of the case of the Common-wealth in re­ference to the Government by a Protector and a Parlia­ment: main­ta [...]ning there­in a full con­formity to the declared pr [...]nciples and engagements of the parlia­ment and Ar­my. I [...] being the opinion of divers persons who through­out the late troubles have approved themselves faithfull to the cause and Interest of God and their Country Pre­sented to the publick, for the satisfacti­on of others, printed 1654. p. 9.11. which Mr. Prynne had then in his pocket. other Pa­pers he had then about him: for their Dilatory proceed­ings in the House, unlimited Arbitrary proceedings at Committees, their w [...]oly perver [...]ing the end of Parliaments; by becoming studious of parties, & private Interests, neg­lecting the Publick, so that no Door of Hope being ope­ned for redress of their grievances,, nor any hope of ea­sing the people in their burdens, it was found at length by these their exorbitances, That a standing Parliament was in it self the greatest grievance; which appeared yet the more exceeding grievous, in regard of a visible design carryed on by sowe among them, to have perpetuated the Pow­er in their own hands, it being utterly impossible in that corrupt estate. (even in the judgement of moderate men) that they who made gain the main of their business, should become instruments of our long desired establishment: Therefore it became an Act no less pious than ne­cessary, for the Army now to interpose upon the same equi­table ground as heretofore in the like cases of extremity, (no ordinary medium being left) to provide for the Main, in a way irregular and extraordinary, by their most neces­sary and timely dissolution. Yet notwithstanding all these brands they have publickly layd upon them, (which they and others never yet wiped of by any publick Answer as the formerly secluded Members had refuted those base as­persions and calumnies the Army had falsely cast on them) they had now invited those very Members to return and fit again without secluding, any of them, and engaged to yield them their best protection, as the Assertors of the Good Old Cause, who had a special presence of God with them, and were signally blessed in the work: yea as the only Instruments for setling and securing the peace and freedom of this Common-wealth: Therefore they had far grea­ter reason to invite & call in him & the other first secluded Members than thus forcibly to exclude and ascribe and give to them alone the Supreame Authority of the Na­tion [Page 17] which they have engrossed to themselves without the peoples Vote or Election in whō alone they have formerly Ian. 6.1 voted it; A pre­sage of their subsequent Free-State proceedings, when once set­led in their Government, and a strange contradiction; Wherefore they should much more invite him and others they formerly and now afresh have forcibly secluded, against whom they had not the least Exceptions, to settle us again in peace and freedome, which they had done when they sate, had they not secluded them. After which one of the Army Officers told Mr. Prynne, he had deserted the Good Old Cause: To which he replyed, That the true Good Cause for which they were first raised, was only to defend the Kings person, King­dom, Parliament, all its Members, Privileges, and secure them against all force and violence whatsoever, which cause they had not only deserted but betrayed, and fought against, contrary to all former Engagements, to which cause he adhered, and defired entrance to maintain it. To which he answered. That indeed was once their Good Old Cause; but now it was not so, for since they had pursued another Cause: Mr. P. replyed, that then they were real Back-sliders therein, and their Cause neither old nor good, but bad, new and destructive to the former old one. In con­clusion Mr. P. pressed them to shew their order forbis seclusion, & tell him their names; They answered they would not shew it, nor tell their names: He then told them, That certainly their Good Old Cause was in their own Iudgements, Consciences very bad, since they durst not own it by name: They answered, That Mr. Annesly the last day when they re­fused to tell their names, as they do now, had inquired out some of them, from whom be might learn them. In conclusion when he could not prevayl, he told them, they declared themselves and those now siting ar­rant Cowards, and their magnified Good Old Cause to be very bad, since they were afraid of one single person without Arms, when as they were a whole Army of armed men, and bad above 40 voyces to his one, yet were afraid to admit him in, for fear he alone should blow them all up with the breath of his mouth, and goodness of his cause. And so departing, he met Mr. Prydeaux in the Lobby, and desired him to acquaint those within, that he was forcibly kept out of the House by the Souldiers, who beset the passages to keep out what Members they pleased; Then returning a­gain into the Hall, a secluded Member he there met pressing him to know what passed in the Lobby: he related the sum of what was done and said, which divers pressed about him to hear, and some com­mon Souldiers among others; who when he had ended his Re­lation, said, he was an honest Gentleman, and had spoken nothing but truth and reason. After which meeting with Colonel Oky in the [Page 16] Hall (who came over to transport him from Iersy into England, they had some discourse touching his forcible seclusion, and the great scandal and ill consequences of it; which divers pressing to hear, Mr. P. went out of the Hall to avoid Company, and meet­ing with the Member who drew up the Letter to the Speaker, per­used and signed the fair Copy, and so departed to Lincolns Inne without any Company.

This being an Exact Narration of the truth, substance of what passed between Mr. P. the Army-Officers, and those now fitting, on the 7th. and 9th. of this instant May, both in the Lobby, House, and else­where, Mr. Prynne being since necessitated to publish it, to prevent and rectifie the various misreports thereof. He shall now relate, (as a Corollary thereunto) the true and only reasons then inducing him (after earnest Prayer to God for direction and protection in this Grand Affair) to press the admission of himself and other Members into the House, to correct the manifold contradictory censures of what he then did and spoke.

Some have been staggared and amazed at it, as if he were now turned an Apostate from his former principles, acting both a­gainst his Judgement and Conscience, to cry up, and make himself a Member of that old Parliament, which he publickly printed to be dissolved above ten years since, by the Kings death; Others have censured it for a rash, foolish, and desperate attempt.

A third sort condemn it as a seditious, tumultuous if not treaso­nable Action, prejudicial to the publick peace and settlement, deser­ving severe exemplary punishments.

A fourth Classis doome it, as a scandalous Act, dishonorable, de­structive to our Religion.

A fifth sort cry it up, as a most necessary, heroick, national, zea­lous Action, deserving everlasting honor, prayse, thanks from the whole English Nation, and a necessary incumbent duty as a Member of the old Parliament, (though legally dissolved) being pretentionally now revived against Law, Truth, by those very Ar­my Officers, who six years past ipso facto dissolved, and declared it to be dissolved; yea have held many new Mock-Parliaments of their own modelling since, all proving abortive, by forcible ruptures as the long Parliament did

It is not in Mr. Prynnes power to reconcile or controll these con­tradictory censures; neither was he ever yet so foolish or vain-glorious, as to be any wayes moved with the censures, opinions, or applauses of other men; nor so ambitious, covetous, as to pursue [Page 17] any private interest of honor, profit, revenge, &c. under the notion of publick Liberty, Justice, Reformation as many have done; nor so Sycophantical as to connive at others destructive exorbitances, guilded over with specious Titles; this being his constant rule, to keep a good Conscience in all things both towards God and man, Acts 24.16. to discharge his publick trust, duty towards God and his Native Country, though with the probable hazard of his life, liberty, estate, friends, & what else may be precious to other men; to trust Comforting, supporting himself against all persecutiōs, reproaches, libels, calum­nies cast upon him: With Mat. 5.10, 11, 12. 1 Pet. 3.14, 16, 17. c. 4.12, 13, 14, 16. Phil. 1.29. 2 Cor. 4.8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17. c. 1.3, 4, 5, 12. God a­lone with the success, reward of his endeavors, to let others censure him as they please; to fear no Mortal or power whatsoever in the discharge of his duty, who can but kill the Body, Mat. 10.23. (nor yet do that but by Gods permission) being utterly unable to touch the Soul, but to fear him alone who can cast both Soul and Body into Hell.

The only ground, end, motive, inducing Mr. Prynne thus ear­nestly and timely to get into the House, was no wayes to counte­nance any unparliamentary Conventicle or proceedings whatsoever, nor to own those then sitting to be the old true Commons House of Parliament, whereof he was formerly a Member, as now constituted, much less to be the Parliament it self then sitting; but to discharge the trust to which he was once [...]nvoluntarily cal­led without his privity or solicitation, by an unanimous election, a little before the last Treaty with the King, having refused many Burgesships, freely tendred to him with importunity, both before his election at Newport and since, being never ambitious of any pub­lick preferments, which he might have easily obtained, had he but modestly demanded, or signified his willingness to accept them. After his election against his will and inclination, he came not into the House till the Treaty was almost concluded, (and that at the request of divers eminent Members) only with a sincere desire to do that cordial service for preservation of the King, Kingdom, Church, Parliament, Laws, Liberties of England, and prevention of those manifold Plots of forein Popish Adversaries, Priests, Jesu­ites, Sectaries, seduced Members, Army-Officers, and Agitators, utterly to subvert them, which other Members overmuch or to­tally neglected, coldly opposed, or were totally ignorant of: What good service he did in the House during that little space he continued in it, is fitter for others then himself to relate. How fully he then discovered to them the true original Plotters, fomen­ters of that Good Old Cause, now so much cryed up and revi­ved, how strenuously he oppugned, how truly he predicted the dangerous conseqnences of it, since experimentally verified beyond [Page 18] contradiction, his printed Speech Decemb. 4. 1648. can attest, and his Memento, whiles he was a prisoner: For this Speech & good service of his in discovering, oppugning the New Gunpower-Trea­son then plotted and ripened to perfection, to blow up the King, Parliament, Lords, Laws, Liberties, Religion at once, violent­ly prosecuted by the force, Remonstrance, and disobedient pra­ctises of the rebellious Army Officers and Souldiers, he was on the 6th. of December 1648. forcibly seised on at the Lobby-Door as he was going to discharge his trust, and caried away thence by Col. Pride and others.

How unhumanly, unchristianly Mr. Prynne (seised with other Members at the House door Decemb. 6.) was used by the Army-Officers, who lodged him (& them) in hell on the bare boards all that cold night, almost starved him (and them) with hunger and cold at Whitehall the next day, imprisoned him many weeks in the Strand, and after seised, kept him (by a new Free-state warrant) a strict close Prisoner in three remote Castles nigh three years, for his Speech in the House, against their most detestable Treasons, and Jesuitical proceedings against the King, Parliament, Privileges, and Members of it, is See Mr. Prynnes Epi­stle and Ap­pendix to his Speech in par­liament, His 2d. part of the Narrative of the Armies force, 1640. and A new Di­scovery of Free-State Tyrany. 1655. elsewhere at large related: This being all he gai­ned by being a Member, and for asserting that true Good Old Cause against the new Imposture now cryed up afresh, to turn our anti­ent Kingdom into a New Republick, and our Parliament of King, Lords, and Commons, into a See his brief Memen­to to the pre­sent unparlia­mentary Iuncto. 1648. select, unparliamentary juncto, or forty or fifty Members of the old dissipated House of Commons, elected, impowred only by the Army, not People, to act what they prescribe, to extirpate King, Lords, Monarchy, Magistracy, Mini­stry, Laws, Liberties, Properties, and reduce them all under Jesuitisme at first, and our forein Enemies Vassallage in conclusion. Mr. Prynne then being most clearly convinced thereof, by what he formerly published as a Member in his Speech and Memento, and since in his Epistle to a New Discovery of Free State tyranny, his Ius Patronatus, his historical and legal Vindication of the fundamental Laws, Liberties, Rights, Properties of all English Freemen, A new Discovery of Ro­mish Emissaries, his Quakers unmasked, and in his Republicans Good Old Cause truly and fully anatomised; wherin he infallibly demonstrates, their converting of our late English Monarchy into a new Common-wealth, or elective Protectorship to be the antient projected moddles of Father In his Memorial for Reformation of England. 1590. Wat­ [...]ōs quodlibets p. 92. to 96.310. to 334. Wil. Clarks his answer to Father Parsons Libel. p. 75. Parsons, and other Jesuites, and Tho. Campanella the Italian Frier De Mo­narchia Hi­spanica, c. 25, 27. specially recommend­ed by them to the pursuite of the King of Spain, who prosecuted it all he could to promote his universal Monarchy, and so much re­joyced [Page 19] at it, that he was the first foreign King who presently sent an extraordinary Ambassador to congratulate the accomplish­ment, applaud the constitution of, & enter into a League of Friend­ship with it; whose flattering panygerick in his Great Catholique Kings name, in prayse thereof, and what an honour it was to them, that he was the first forein Prince that owned them for a Com­mon wealth, made the Commons House so intoxicated, that they gra­tified him in all his requests, and pursued all his designs, only to ruine us and the Netherlands, layd down by Campanella, De Monarchia Hispanica, c. 25, 27. by furnishing him with many thousands of Irish forces, quarrelling with the Hollanders, maintaining above three years bloody wars with them, with infinite losse and expence to both Nations, taking the French Kings Fleet, provisions merely designed for the reliefe of Dunkirk, whereby he presently regained it to our prejudice: And on the other hand Romes master piece, and hidden works of Darkness brought to publick light. Cardinall Richlieu of France, the great Incendiary of Christendome, and fomenter of all our Domestick wars in his life; the French King and Mazarine by his instructions in writing after his death, vigorously pursued this very design: His instructions to this purpose (recorded by Historia part 3d. Ve­netiis, 1648. p. 175, 176. Conte de Galeazzo Gualdo Priorato, an excellent Italian Historian) are very memorable, who relates; That Cardinal Richelieu Anno 1642. (after he had involved the King, Parliament, and Ireland in a bloody Civil war) being near his death, delivered these politick instructions for the King his Master to pursue for carry­ing on his designs in relation to England with successe; That a­bove all other things he should endeavour to keep the Govern­ment of Great Britain divided and dis-united, by ayding the weak­er party, that the other might not make it self too powerfull; By causing the three Kingdomes of England, Scotland, and Ireland to be divided, either by nominating other Kings See the instrument of Government, and petition and advice, Section 1. (elective of another family, accomplished by erecting an elective Protector) or by moulding them into a Common-wealth (as our Re­publicans have formerly and now done again) Yet with this caution, That when they are reduced into a Common-wealth, so to order the matter, That it may not be united into one, but divided How punctually Cardinal Mazarine prosecuted these instructions e­ver since, and accomplished them at last, the Letters taken in the Lord Digbyes Cabinet, A Collect p. 849, 858, 862, 863, 867, 868. printed by the Parliaments order, 1646. and O. Cromwels late intimate correspondency with Maza­rine, discover. And how much the Iesuites and Catholicks in France in November 1648. approved, applauded the turning of our here­ditary Monarchy, which they▪ irreconcilably hated, envyed, as [Page 20] well as the late King,Appendix to his Speech, p. 118. and rela­tion of the Members seclusion. and turning the Old Parliament into a new Republican Representative, and that all their hopes to ef­fect it were in the Army, to whom they wished all prosperity therein: you may read in a Letter sent from thence by the Armies Agent to a fitting Republican Member, soon after published by Mr. Prynne who got the original.See Mr. Prynne Good Old Cause stated & stun­ted, p. 3, 4, 5.6, 10,

Mr. Prynne knowing all this, and clearly discovering a fresh combination between the Sectaries, Republican, Anabaptistical, Iesui­tical, levelling party, to pursue their designs afresh, and accomplish what they formerly attempted in the short Mock-Parliament of their own election, creation Anno 1653. and what was then passio­nately recommended to them by See Mr. P▪ his Gospel plea, Watsons quodlibets, and rhe Case of [...]he Com­mon wealth of England right­ly stated. Iohn Canne, the Anabaptist in his Voyce from the Temple (dedicated to them) as their Ge­neration work, which God and all his people then expected and required from them; even to extirpate the Church, & Ministry of England, Advowsons, Glebes, Tithes; and demolish all Parish Churches as Antichristian; to extirpate the Law root and branch under pretext of reforming and new-moulding it; to sell all Cor­poration and College lands, and set up a popular Anarchy, or tyran­nical Oligarchy among us, under the disguise of the Old Dissolved Parliament, sitting from 1648. till April 20. 1653. after six years violent ejection of them with highest scorn and reproach, yet now invited by them to sit again to effect these Romish designs to our utter Confusion, but secluding all those who were like to obstruct or defeat them. Upon this consideration Mr. Prynne as a se­cluded Member of the old Parliamemt, wherein he detected oppug­ned all these Treasonable Designs heretofore, and since its dissolu­tion by the Kings beheading, held it his bounden duty to pre­vent, defeat them now, and nip them in the bud; whereupon so soon as those now sitting entred the House, he assayed to go into it, with as many old secluded Members as he could, there be­ing 80 of them in London: For although his judgement be, See his legal plea against Illegal Taxes, his legal Vin­dication, p. 3, [...], 4. his Brief Register of Parliamentary Writs, and Plea for the Lords. that this Parliament is quite dissolved by the Kings beheading, as he oft de­clared in print: yet since the Army Officers and those now sitting with sundry others, pretend it still in being, and under that pretext alone have acted all their publick Tragedies, and Innova­tions, he conceived himself bound in Conscience upon their Con­cessions, to endeavour to prevent these mischiefs, and do all Pub­lick good he might, with better warrant and reason than most Ministers, Lawyers, Justices, Magistrates, Members of late Parliaments, (as they style them) have prayed for, complyed with, [Page 21] acted in, under those late Governors, Governments, & mock Par­liaments (as he is confident some now sitting among them in this new Convention believe it dissolved, and yet go in only to prevent and allay those mischiefs which others violently pursue) which their own Consciences, and our laws resolve them without scruple to be utterly illegal; whereas this old Parliament, whereof he was a Member, was most legallie summoned and convened be­yond dispute, and hath the colour of a legal Act of Parliament for its continuance, which those since have wanted: of which Act the greatest part of those now sitting taking advantage, notwith­standing their new Instruments, Declarations, Petitions, Advises, Addresses, and Sessions in other new Parliaments since; and it being a great dispute now among most secluded Members, whether that Parliament was not yet alive though the King be dead? the ma­jority of their Voyces over-ruling his private Judgement, as in all other Parliamentary Votes and proceedings, gave a present sufficient call, warrant to him and others to enter the House to debate it, and act what and as they did; which will satisfie all those who censure it as unwarrantable or contradictory to his judge­ment: especially when they shall hear what he really intended to propose to the sitting Members when he got into the House, had they not gone out to prevent it.

1. He intended to inform them of those destructive Jesuitical ends and designs, forementioned, which they were now purposely called in to accomplish, carrying along Thomas Campanella, Ri­chilieus Instrnctions, with other Books, papers of theirs, and some printed Copies of the Republicans and others Good Old Cause truly and fully anatamised, now put out and published, to dis-engage them from its pursute at the first, before they were engaged there­in by any Votes or Actions, if he could but gain audience or pati­ence to hear them pressed on their Consciences Viva Voce. But their unparliamentary adjourning on purpose to prevent it when he was in, and forcibly resecluding him by armed Gards when once out, he held himself bound in Conscience, to publish that to them and the the world in print, which he was not permitted libertie to speak, as he formerlie did (when forcibly imprisoned and kept from the House by the Armie as now, upon the like account) in his Brief Mememto to the present unparliamentary Iuncto, from his Pison-Chamber at the Kings Head (which they soon after took of) Ian. 1. 1648.

2ly. He intended to propose, That all armed Gards of Souldiers [Page 22] in or near the Cities of London or Westminster, might by publick Proclama­tion be removed to a convenient distance thence, according to the [...] E. 1. Re­stall Armor, 1. Cooks 4 Instit. p. 14. Mr. Prynnes Brief Register of all Parlia­mentary writs p. 27, 28.177, 215, 216. Ex­act Abridge­ment of the records in the Tower, p. 11, 12, 14, 17, 19, 22, 27, 36, 38, 195. antient Custome, Presidents, and Privileges of Parliament, prohibiting not only all armed forces, but the very bearing of any Arms or weapons in or near the place where the Parliament did sit, under severest penalties, lest they should over-awe the Members, or any way interrupt their proceed­ings: which the undutifull mutinous Officers, Souldiers, now in and near the City, (though raysed purposely to protect the Parliament and its Mem­bers from all force whatsoever) have frequently done, nay forcibly seclu­ded, imprisoned, ejected the Members themselves sundry times, yea turned the now sitting Members out of Doors, and now again on Saturday last, and this very Morning secluded him, and sundry Members when they came to enter in.

3ly. That all the Lords, all secured, secluded Members of the old Par­liament, not sitting after Decemb. 8. 1648. now about the City, (being double in number to those now sitting) might presently be called and freely admitted into the House; And all living Members of the old Commons House elected or sitting at or before that time, might by the Speakers Letter be desired in all their names, to meet together in the Com­mons House forty daies after, (the Mr. Prynnes Brief Regi­ster and Sur­vey of Parlia­mentary writs p 431. ordinary time limited in most writs of Summons, or Resummons of Parliament) and nothing acted or vo­ted in the inte [...]val as a House of Commons, till they were all assembled, after their ten years seclusion, dissipation by the Armies force and war up­on them. This suddain, unexpected Clandestine, stealing into the Com­mons House, of about 41, or 42. Members alone, without any gene­ral notice given thereof to all the other surviving absent Members, or places which elected them; sitting presently as an House of Parlia­ment, accompanied with a present forcible seclusion of all but their own Confederates, being a most unparliamentary practice, conspiracy, sur­prise, unworthy Saints, or persons of Honour, destructive to the very being, Privileges of Parliament injurious to the whole Nation, as well as absent and secluded Members; yea contrary to their own Republican Votes, Principles; See their Votes, Jan. 6. Declaration, 11 Martii 1648. The Agreement of the People and Armies Remonstrance and Petition Nov. 16▪ 1648. & Ian. [...]0. 1649. That the Supream Authority of the Nation resides only in the Generality of the people: That it cannot be transferred from them to any o­thers, in or out of Parliament, but by their free consents and elections: That their Representatives in Parliament ought to be equally distributed through­out the Nation: No Member to be secluded when duly elected; and all things to be carryed only by majority of Voyces. Contrary to the principles of Law, Equity, common Iustice, Reason, which resolve, that 1 Jac. ch. 1. Ash-Parlia­ment. 10. publick Acts of Parliament bind all men, because they all are Parties and Assenters to them by their election of Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses impowred, intrusted by them, and present when they passed by their common assent; Which they can­not be, when the farre greater number are absent, secluded, and have no notice of their present sitting: Contrary to common Right, and that just Maxime inserted into some antient Cl. 33 E. 1. m. 4. dors. Parliament Writs of Summons [Page 23] and elections to Sheriffs, quod omnes tangit ab omnibus approbetur, that which concerns all ought to be approved by all. And not only so, but this their surreptitious fraudulent suddain sitting and acting by themselves as a Parliament, if they proceeded would make them far more criminal and guilty of highest Treason, than King Richard the 2d of old, im­peached and, dethroned in the Parliament of 1 H. 4. amongst other Ar­ticles for this 1 H. 4. Rot. parl. n. 25. Plea for the Lords, p. 434. That the said King in his last Parliament at Salop, purposing to oppress his people, subtlely procured and caused to be granted, That the Power of the Parliament by the consent of all the States of his Realm, should remain with certain Persons, to determine, after the Parlia­ment dissolved, Certain Petitions delivered in the same Parliament, at that time not dispatched. By colour of which Concession the persons so depu­ted proceeded to other things, generally touching that Parlia­ment, and that by the Kings will, In derogationem status Parliamenti, & in magnum incommodum totius Regni, & pernitiosum exemplum: In derogation of the State of the Parliament, and to the great disprofit, (prejudice) of the whole Realm, and pernitious example: And that they might seem to have some kind of colour & Authority for this kind of their proceedings; the King caused the Rolls of the Parliament according to his Vote, to be changed and deleted, contrary to the effect of the foresaid Con­cession: which is likewise mentioned in the printed Act of 1 H. 4. c. 3. and thus amplyfied; That a certain power was committed by authority of Par­liament to certain persons, to proceed upon certain Articles comprised in the Rolls of the Parliament thereof made, and by authority aforesaid divers Statutes, Iudgements, Ordinances, and Stablishments were made, ordained, and given erroneously and dolefully, in great disherison and final destruction, and undoing of many honourable Lords and Liege-people of the Realm and their Heirs for ever: wherupon that whole Paria­ment of 21 R. 2. with all the circumstances and dependents thereupon, were wholy reversed, revoked, voyded, undone, repealed, and annul­led for ever. If this then were so high a crime and breach of royal Trust in King R. 2. even by consent and authority of the whole Parlia­ment and three Estates, subtilly to procure the power of the whole Parli­ment to remain in the hands of certain Persons which themselves appro­ved of; who exceeded their Commission and acted generally as a Parli­ment: And if this was a grand derogation of the state of the Parliament, a great damage to the whole Realm, and pernitious example for posteri­ty; for which in the very next Parliament they impeached, deposed him, and nulled all these proceedings for ever. Then questionless their for­mer sitting, acting in the Commons House from December 7 1648. till Apr. 20. 1653. and now again, without, yea against the consents, Votes of the Parliament, 3 Estates, & secluded Members, their repealing, altering, the very Acts Ordinances of the Lords and Commons concerning the Treaty with the King, and sundry others; their nulling the Act for Trienial Parli­ments, the continuance sitting of the Lords in this Parlament, their decla­ring themselves alone to be the Parliament of England, beheading the King [Page 24] him­self, their dis-inheriting the whole House of Lords and their Heirs for ever of their Parliamentary Session▪ Judicature, Privileges, as much as in them lyeth; and thousands more of their real and personal Estates; their forcible secluding, securing the greatest part of their Felow-Mem­bers, then, and now again by the Armies power, and sitting under their force (which by their own Declaration of August 6, and the Armies in pursuit thereof August 8. the Speakers Letter, Iuly 29. 1648. yea Sir Ar­thur Haslerigges own Speech, and others of them, the very two last dayes they sate in the last Convention, nulls all they voted or ordered) must needs be a more execrable transcendent crime by thousands of degreees, a greater derogation to the state of the Parliament and its Privileges, of more fatal consequence to the whole Kingdom, and of far more pernicious example, than this Act of his, eternally to be exploded, declared null, void to all intents in it self, and demeriting the Highest censures, that the Justice of Parliament can inflict, being a more superlative Treason and High Misdemeanour than this Kings, or Canterburies, impeached by the whole House of Commons, and many of them thus acting, sitting, Canterburies Doome, p. 27, 31. Mr. Pyms Speech▪ 16 F [...]br. 1640. That to preserve himself from being questioned for his Trayterous courses, he hath laboured to subvert the rights of Parliaments, and the anti­ent course of Parliamentary proceedings: this being the last Ar­ticle of his impeachment, for which amongst others he lost his head, Which Presidents Mr. Prynne would have pressed them viva voce seri­ously to consider, at which they must needs stand mute and astonished not having one syllable to reply.

4ly. He would have propounded, That when all the Members met to­gether, They should in the first place debate this point, whether the old Parliament were not actually dissolved in point of Law, by their behead­ing the King, notwithstanding the Statute of 17 Caroli c. 7▪ which though themselves by their former and present sitting by pretext thereof, the Army-Officers heretofore and now again deny, and many secluded Members hold still to be in being, yet for his own opinion he held, and had See his le­gal Vindica­tion against il­legal Taxes. p. 44. to 51. His Plea for the Lords: and Brief Register. published it to be dissolved notwithstanding this Act, and to be Casus omissus out of it, which he was ready to maintain against all Oppo­nents, by these reasons,

  • 1. Because it hath been frequently resolved by Parliaments themselves, the Reverend Judges, and our Law-books, as 1 H 4 rot. Parl. n. 1, 2, 3, 1 H. 5. Rot. Parl. n. 16.4 E. 4. f. 44. Cooks 4. Instit. p. 44. by King Charles own Declaration, 13 Iunii, 3 Caroli, and his Judges and Counsel then, that the deposition, and death of the King doth actually dissolve the Parliament, and that the new King cannot hold and conti­nue the old Parliament sitting, or prorogued at his Ancestors death, the Parliament of 22 R 2. being dissolved by his resignation of his Crown, and the Parliaments of 14 H. 4. &
    Mr. Rush­worths Histo­rical Collect. p. 2 [...]0, 271.
    24. Iacobi, by the deaths of these two Kings, and by like reason the last Parliament of 16 Caroli by his vio­lent death.
  • 2ly. Because the Parliament is no standing Court, sitting at certain [Page 25] seasons by positive Laws, but summoned, constituted
    Cooks 4 In­stit. c. 1. Cromptons Jurisdiction of Courts, Br Tit. Parlia­ment. A Brief Register, Sur­vey of Parlia­mentary writs p. 42 [...], 423, 424, 432. Mr. Rushworths Historical col­lection, p. 423.
    by the Kings writs of summons, and royal Prerogative, when and where he pleaseth; and adjourned, prorogued, dissolved by his writ alone in point of Law and practise in all ages at his pleasure; sitting sometimes longer, sometimes shorter, and sometimes prorogued to another day, place, or countermanded after sum­mons, upon just occasions, as the Parliament, & Clause Rolls, the Act of 16 Caroli c. 1. and other Statutes resolve. Now all writs of summons being actually abated by the Kings death which made them, as well as all Com­missions, Patents of all Judges, Justices, Sheriffs whatsoever, and other writs, informations in the Kings name and behalf, as the Statute of
    Cooks 7 Re­port, Calvins case, f. 10.
    E. 6. c. 7. Cooks 7 Report f. 29, 30. Crookes 1 Part. p 1, and other Lawbooks collected by Asb, Discontinuance de Pr [...]ces 16. and Reattachment 7. determine. The writs of summons, and likewise of Par­liament must needs abate likewise: And the Lords being made Judges, and the Commons
    4 E, 4. & 44.
    Members of that particular Parliament only by the Kings writ: his death must determine their Parliamentary Judica­ture or Authority, sitting, during the Kings pleasure, as well as the Judges, Justices, Sheriffs Patents, and all other Commissions whatsoever.
  • 3ly. Because every Parliament heretofore, & in the reign of K. Charls, by the very recitals of the Writs, is called: 1. In the name and by the authori [...]y only of the King regnant (in his natural capacity, accompanied with his politick) by his Christian name, Carolus Dei gratia Rex, &c. expressed in it, not generally by the Office King, but Carolus Rex. 2ly. It recites it to be called
    See Mr. Prynnes Brief Register, Ka­lendar & Sur­vey of Par­liamentary Writs.
    De a [...]isamento Consilii nostri: 3ly. It stiles it quoddam Parliamentum nostrum 4ly. That the occasion of calling it, was about certain arduous businesses Nos et defensionem Regni nostri, (& Iura coronae nostrae, &c. in many antient writs) contingentibus: 5ly. That his intention in calling it, is Quia cum Praelatis, Magnatibus et Pro­ceribus dicti regni nostri, or nostris, Colloquium habere volumus et Tractatum. 6ly. It summons them thus; Vobis mandamus, &c. quod personaliter intersitis Nobiscum, or ad Nos, such a day and place, Nobiscom et cum caeteris Praelatis, Magnatibus, et proceribus praedictis trac­taturi, vestrumque Consilium impensuri, super negotiis antedictis. 7ly. The Knights, Citizens, Burgesses and Barons of ports in the Commons House are summoned to doe and consent to those things which shall happen by Gods favour to be then ordained De Communi Consilio supe [...] Nego­tiis antedictis (in sundry Writs stiled by the King, Negotia Nostra, Ne­gotiorum nostrorum, &c) which clause is thus explained in Claus 36 E. 3. d. 16. cl. 37 [...].3. d. 22 cl. 38 E. 3. d. 3. cl. 39 E 3. d. 2. cl. 42 E. 3, d. 22. cl. 47 E. 3. d. 29. ad consentiendum biis quae per Nos, ac dictos Magnates et Proceres or [...]inati contigerit favente Domino. From all which particular clauses in the very writs of summons, it is undeniable, that the Parliament of 16 Caroli, was ipso facto dissolved by the Kings death: 1. Because this Parliament was summoned particularly by King Charles in his natural as well as politick capacity, not in his politick alone, nor yet by or for him, his heirs & successors; who ceased to be both Charles and [Page 26] a King of this Realm by his death 2ly. The Counsel by whose advice it was summoned, was his, not his heirs and successors Counsel. 3ly. The Par­liament convened, his Parliament alone, not his heirs or successors, both of them ceasing to be his Counsel or Parliament by his decease. 4ly. The subject matter for which it was summoned. Divers urgent and arduous businesses concerning Us, not our heirs or successors, and the de­fence of Our (not their) Realm of England: who was no more Us, and the kingdom no more his kingdom, so soon as he lost his life. 5ly. The end of summoning this Parliament, was only this, for the King himself to have a conference and Treaty with the Prelates and Nobles, and for them to be personally present with Us, not our heirs or successors, to give Us their Counsel, &c. not our heirs and successors: All frustrate, made impossible, and absolutely ceasing by his death: because when once dead, they can neither parlie, conferr, nor treat with the King himself, nor the King with them, nor be personally present with Him for that purpose: unlesse they will averr, that a meer dead headlesse King can really confer, treat, parly, consult, advise with his living Prelats, Lords, Parliament, and they with him, & be Parliamentally present with each other in the Lords House neither of which they dare admit into it, for fear the King if living, and Lords too, should afright them out of it, as the Kings ghost, yea the memorial of it though dead, might justly do. 6ly. The mandatory part be­ing in the Kings name alone, to summon them to treat with and give their Counsel unto Us concerning the foresaid businesses relating to Us and the defence of Our Realm, Our Businesses aforesaid, not our heirs and successors. He and his businesses all ending when he expires, the Parliament must of necessity determine. 7ly. The Parliament ceasing to be the Common counsel of the King and his kingdom, and nothing possible to be ordained BY US, (the King, not his heirs and successors) Prelates, Nobles in Parliament, without his concurrent Vote, or when he is dead; unless a dead King can give counsel, make Ordinances, give his royal assent to Bills when deceased. It must inevitably follow, that all the Authority, causes, grounds, ends for which the Members of this Parliament were all summoned to treat, consult, and give their advice to the King himself determining, and becoming impossible to be perfor­med by his death; the Parliament must of necessity expire and be dissol­ved, even as the natural body ceaseth to be and remain a living man when the Head is quite cut off: If then those now sitting (who cut off the Kings Head, the Head of the Parliament, and thereby destroyed that temporary body politick) will have their Conventicle revived by this Act, they must set on his head again, raise him alive out of his Grave, and bring him back into the House, to impeach, condemn, decapitate them in this true High Court of Justice for this their beheading him in their Court of Highest Injustice. Which Mr. Prynne presumes they dare not doe, least his revived Ghost should scare them thence, or justly retali­ate their transcendent Treachery.
  • [Page 27]4ly. If any man by his will, deed, the King by his Commissions, the Par­liament by a special Act or Order, shall
    Cooks 1 In­stit. p. 181. b. & 5 Rep. f. 9. Dyer 190, 191 Ash. Authori­ty 22.24. & the Books there cited, 19 H. 7. c 7.
    authorize, impower any 3. persons joyntly to sell lands, give livery and seisin, execute any Commission, as Iudges, Iustices, Commissioners, Auditors, or Committees of Parliament, if any one of them die; both the survivors joyntly or severally can doe nothing, because their authority, trust was joynt, not several, and joyntly, nor seperately to be exerci­sed. If there be not 40 Commoners in the House, they cannot sit or acts as an House, nor dispatch the least affair; no more can any Committee of either House, unless their Number be sufficient to make up a Committee, as the orders and custom of Parliament appoint: Therfore, the Parlia­ment of England being a
    Dyer, f. 60.
    Corporation, compacted joyntly of the King, Lords, and Commons House, and three estates, The death of the King necessarily dissolves the Parliament, notwithstanding this Act, which did not alter the Parliaments Old constitution, but establish it. The
    Modus te­nendi Parl. H. de Knygh­ton de Event. Angliae l. 5. col. 2680.2681. Grafton p. 349, 350, Mr. Prynnes Plea for the Lords, p. 27, 29. Exact Collection, p. 125.142.360.
    Kings personal absence from his Parliament heretofore and of late, was reputed very prejudicial to it, and his calling away some Lords, Great Offi [...]ers, and other Members from it, a high way to its present dissolution, in his life: Therefore it must much more be dissolved by his death; and the Lords and Com­mons forcible seclusion both before and since it, by the Army and sitting Members; they having
    Plowden, f. 117. Dyer, f. 107. b. Mr. Seldens Titles of Honor, & Mr. Prynns Plea for the Lords, and House of Peers.
    Vocem & locum in quolibet Parliamento Angliae, as our Law-books, Statutes and their Patents resolve.
  • 5ly. The principal end of calling Parliaments is to enact new and ne­cessary Laws, and alter, repeal such as are ill or inconvenient; as the Pro­logues of our printed Statutes, our writs of Summons, Law-books, attest, and all accord. But no new Act of Parliament can be made, nor no former Acts altered, repealed, but by the Kings royal assent; who hath a Negative voice to deny, as well as Affirmative to assent to them, as well as the Lords and Commons, as all our Parliaments, Iudges,
    Cooks 4 [...] Instit. p. 25.51 E. 3. rot. Parl. n. 47. [...] R. 2. rot. Parl. 2 n. 52.11 H. 4. n. 30.
    Law-books, Parliament Re­cords, Treatises of Parliaments, the printed Statutes in each Kings reign, more particularly, the Statutes of 33 H. 8. c. 21. 1 Jac. c. 1. in the close resolve; Yea,
    Exact Col­lection, p. 163, 164, 250, 316, 317, 318, 312, 793, 794.
    both Houses acknowledged it in all contests with the late King, our Kings Coronation Oaths, and all our antient Saxon Kings Lawes at­test it. Therefore his death must needs dissolve the Parliament, notwith­standing this Act, because it could make no Act for its dissolution, nor declare, alter, repeal any other Law, without his royal assent.

There are but 2. Objections made by any sitting or secluded Members against these Reasons, that his death should not dissolve the Parliament. The 1. is this, which the Republicans themselves formerly and now in­sist on, That the King doth never die in judgement of Law, and that there is no Interregnum, because the Crown immediately descends to his right heir who by Law is forthwith King de jure and de facto, before his actual Procla­mation or Coronation; as the Statute of 1 Iacobi ch. 1. Cooks 7 Rep. f. 10, 11. Calvins case, and other Books resolve.

To which Mr. Prynne Answers 1. That this argument is but an Axe to chop off their own heads, and supremacy, as they did the Kings; and the Objectors now sitting must either renounce their sitting, acting, Knacks, [Page 28] Declaration against the late King, Kingship, and the House of Lords, or quite disclaim the Objection: For if the King never dies: Then by their own confession and our Lawes, we are still a Kingdom, not a Republike; yea Charles Steward, as heir to his beheaded Father, was and is still de Iu­re & de facto the lawfull King of England, and supreme Lord and Gover­nour of our Church, Kingdom, there being no Interregnum, ever since his Fathers death; and then what becomes of all their absurd, illegal Knacks against his Regality, and Kingship it self, (of which they are for­ced now to pray in ayd to make themselvs a Parliamen.) of their Mock-Par­liament, without King and House of Lords; of their perfidious treacherous Engagements against both, and Supreme Authority of the Nation which they have tyrannically usurped? 2ly. Though the King in genere, or ra­ther Kingship it self, never dies, yet the Cooks 7 Re­port. Calvins case, f. 10 11. King in Individuo may, and doth oft times die: and if the successive deaths of all our Kings since we were a kingdom be not a sufficient proof thereof; the very Objectors and Iohn Bradshawes See the Hi­story of the Inde­pendency, part 2. Salmatius & Bochartus. beheading the late King, and putting him to such a shamefull publike death, as no Pagan nor Christian lawfull King of Eng­land ever formerly suffered by perfidious, perjurious, treacherous Sub­jects since it was an Island, (against our Laws and Votes of Parliament, in the Highest Court of Injustice created by them for that end) is a sufficient evidence, that the King of England dieth as well as other men, (as they all must likewise doe in Gods due time) unless they will make the World believe to expiate their Treason, that they did not kill the King in cutting off his head, but that he is still alive, because some others (as is reported) did reunite and sow it to his bodie, when severed from it by them. But of this enough, since M. P. presumes they will henceforth rather renounce their Parliaments being, than bottom its present existence upon this Hab. 2.12. blou­dy foundation, and their exploded Kingship.

Objection 2.The 2d. Objection is from the words of the Statute of 17 Caroli, c. 7. which declareth, enacteth, That this present Parliament now assembled shall not be dissolved, unless it be by Act of Parliament: In the Negative: Ergo, It shall not be dissolved by the Kings death, being no Act of Parliament, nor any Act of Parliament yet made for its dissolution.

Answ.Whereunto Mr. Prynne answers: 1. That the sole end, scope of this Act was not to provide against the dissolution of the Parliament by the Kings natural, or violent untimely death, not then thought of, (he being in per­fect health, likely to live many years by the course of nature, and to survive all the ends for which this Act was made,) but to raise credit for the Par­liament to provide monies by this Act, to prevent the untimely dissolution, proroguing, adjourning of this Parliament by the Kings own regal power: He having prorogued, dissolved all former Parliaments during his Reign in discontent, by his Regal power (not death) against the Lords and Com­mons wills. 2ly. This is intituled, An Act to prevent Inconveniences which may happen by the untimely adjourning, proroguing, or dissolving of this present Parliament, and the Prologue, Body of the Act, provide joyntly and severally against all three, to wit, the untimely proro­guing, [Page 29] or adjourning, as well as dissolving of this Parliament. But no Parliament ever was, is, or possibly can be untimely prorogued, or adjourned, by the Kings death, but only by his actual Regal will and power: Ther­fore the dissolving of it, intended by this Act, must be only an un­timely dissolution by his actual will, Commission, writ, and regal power, alone, by which his former Parliaments were prorogued, dissolved against the Lords and Commons assents, not by his death, whether natural or violent, being against his will, and no part of his Regal Supremacy, but only of his human frailty 3ly The Inconveniences the Commons feared would ensue by the untimely dissolution of this Parliament, and endea­voured to prevent by this Act, are thus expressed in the Prologue. Where as great sums of mony must of necessity be suddainly advanced and provided for relief of his Majesties Army, & people of the Nothern parts of this Realm, and to prevent the imminent danger this Kingdome is in, and for sup­plying of other his Majesties present and urgent occasions, which can­not be so timely effected as is requisite, without credit for raysing the said mony: which credit cannot be obtained, untiil such Obstacles he first removed as are occasioned by Fears, Iealousies, Apprehensions, of divers of his Majesties Subjects, that this present Parliament may be adjourned, prorogued, or dissolved, (1.) before Iustice shall be executed upon Delinquents, (2ly.) publike grievances redressed, (3ly.) a firm peace between the two Nations of England and Scotland concluded, (4ly.) and before sufficient provision be made for the repayment of the said monies, so to be raysed: all which the Commons in this present Parliament assembled, ha­ving duly considered, do therefore humbly beseech your most excellent Majesty, that it may be declared and enacted. And be it therefore declared and enacted by the King our Soveraign Lord, with the assent of the Lords and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by autho­rity of the same, That this present Parliament now assembled shall not be dissolved, unless it be by Act of Parliament to be passed for that purpose, &c. By which it is undenyable, 1. That the Commons when they petitioned for, the King when he declared, enacted, & the Lords and Com­mons when they assented to this Act, did never think of or intend to pro­vide against a dissolution of this Parliament, by the Kings untimely death, nor of a future dissolving it by an Act of Parliament by his Successors or others after his decease; but on the contrary, presupposed the continu­ance of his life, and of this Parliament thereby, till all the inconvenien­ces they recite were prevented, and a new Act passed by him and them jointly to dissolve this Parliament when these Inconveniences were pre­vented and things effected: Which is irrefragable, 1. Because they de­clare in Terminis, The speedy advancing and providing of monies, for the relief of his Majesties Armies, and people of the Northern parts (not their subsequent Armies) and the supply of his Maiesties present and urgent occasions, (not their own) and the Fears, Jealousies, and Apprehensions of divers his Maiesties Loyal Subiects, &c. o be the only ground of their humbly beseeching his Maiesty for this Act. All which [Page 30] presuppose his life, being, preservation, and the Commons great care of complying with him as their Soveraign Lord, without the least thought of his untimely death since happening, or secluding the King or his Poûeritie, out of this and all future Parliaments by colour of this Act, as those now fitting have done point-blanck against it. 2ly The Fears, Jealousies, and Apprehensions they had occasioning this Act, were only these, That this Parliament might be adjourned, prorogued, dissolved, 1. Before Justice shall be duly executed upon Delinquents, (then in being and complained of, as Strafford, Canterb [...]ry, the Ship-mony Iudges and others, not new Delinquents since, not then dreamed of. (2ly.) Be­fore publick Grievances redressed (those then complained of, not others a­rising afterwards.) 3ly. Before a firm peace between the two Nations of England and Scotland concluded, (by reason of the former not subse­quent breaches between them and the King) 4ly. Before sufficient provision to be made for the repayment of the said monies to be raised, (not for the Parliaments subsequent Armyes and occasions) but for his Maiesties Army and people in the North, the preventing the then im­minent danger of this Kingdom (not of our new Common-wealth, or dangers since arising) and for supply of other his Maiesties present (not future) and urgent occasions. But none of these four particu­lars could be accomplished by the Lords or Commons alone after his Ma­jesties death,Nota. but by the King alone, or by his concurrence with them whiles living: Yea they were all actually accomplished in his life time, long before his death. ‘The first, by the Executions of Strafford and Canterbury; the impeachments, censures of the Shipmony-Judges, and other Delinquents both in Scotland & Ireland, The 2d. by theBetter Acts than ever the Republicans made or in­tend to make for the peo­ples ease and benefit: who only doubled, trebled all their Taxes, Grievances, insteed of re­moveing them. Acts abolish­ing Shipmony, & the taking of tonnage, poundage, and other Taxes with­out Act of Parliament: the Acts for the preventing of Inconveniences, happening by the long intermissions of Parliament: For regulating of the Privy-Counsel, taking away the Court of Star-Chamber, and High-Commission, against divers Incroachments and oppressions in the Stannary court: For the certainty of Forests and their meets and bounds: for the better ordering and regulating the Office of the Clerk of the Market; for reformation of false Weights and Measures, for preventtng vexatious proceedings touching the order of Knight­ship, for the abbreviation of Michaelmas Term, and for the free impor­tation of Gunpowder, and Salt-peter from forein parts, and making of them in England. By all these good Acts passed freely by the King soon after or before this Act, he fully redressed all Grievances then complained of, or intended within this Law. The 3d. by the Act of Confirmation of the Treaty of pacification between the two kingdomes of England and Scotland. The 4th. by the several Acts passed for the Relief of his Maje­sties army, And the Northern parts of this kingdom; For the better rai­sing and levying of Mariners and others for the present guarding of the Sea and necessary defence of the Realm (not Republike;) For the Subsidies of Tonnage and poundage granted to the King, for the speedy provision [Page 31] of money for disbanding the Armies, and setling the peace of the two kingdoms of England and Scotland; For securing such mo­nies as are due to the Inhabitants of the Northern Counties, where his Majesties Army have been billetted. And for securing by publike faith the remainder of the friendly assistance and relief promised to our Brethren of Scotland; all passed and published by the King himself, Anno 16 & 17 Caroli 1640. & 1641. at least 7. years before his beheading:’ It is most certain, that all these ends of making this Law, (as the Prologue thereof, and the word THEREFORE in the Commons prayer, infallibly declare) were fully accomplished by the King in his life, so long before his un­timely death: Therfore none of thē now remaining to be performed; & all acted [...]ince their accomplishment by those now sitting, being diametrically contrary to this Act, these ends, and occasions of it; this Parliament must of necessity be beheaded, expired with the King; and cannot survive his death. 4ly. The words, That this present Parliament assembled shall not be dissolved, unlesse it be by Act of Parlia­ment to be passed for that purpose, nor shall at any time or times during the continuance thereof, (twice recited in the subsequent clau­ses) be prorogued, or adjourned, unlesse it be by Act of Parliament to be passed for that purpose; can be intended of no other but that present Parliament, which passed this Act: which consisted of The Kings Maiesty our Soveraign Lord (by whom this and all other Acts passed or to be passed, was declared and enacted; and this intended Act like­wise) not of his heir or successor after his death; and of the Lords and Commons House then in being; not any new House of Lords or Commons succeeding after their deaths then sitting: There­fore when the King was cut off by an untimely death, and there­by an impossibility accruing to dissolve it by an Act of Parliament within the words or intent of this Act; it must of necessity be dis­solved by his beheading: Impossibilities making Acts of Parliament to perform them meerly void, as our Lawe makes Brooke, Perkins, Fitz­herbert, Ash. Tit. Conditi­on 29. Impossible conditions; 5ly. This Act and those who made it, must have and had a retrospect to the Writs whereby it and they were summoned, and the ends, things therein expressed: But they all determined, and became Impossible after the Kings beheading; Therefore the Parliament must be destroyed with him:Serj. Finch his Maximes of the Law, Cook and others. since cessante causa, cessat effectus, & cessante primativo, cessat derivativum, as all our Lawyers, Law-books; and natural reason resolve. 6ly. The last Clause of this Act, Tha [...] every thing and things whatsoever done or to be done, (to wit, by the King or any other) for the Adjournment, proro­guing, [Page 32] or dissolving of this present Parliament, contrary to this Act; shall be utterly void and of none effect, do clearly explain the meaning of this Act to be this, That it extends only to things done or to be done by the Kings will and power, as to his Com­missions Proclamations, Writs, Warrants, Precepts, to adjourn, pro­rogue, or dissolve this Parliament, (as he had done others hereto­fore) here declared to be utterly null and void; not to his death where­in he was only passive, being forcible against his will and the Parlia­ments too: which death no Parliament can make null and void, in respect of the Act it self; so as to restore him to life, though the whole Parliament, and our three Kingdomes may and ought to null it, in respect of the illegal manner of his Execution, not to be paralel'd in any Age. 7ly. The Commons themselves in their Exact Col. p. 41. Remonstrance of the State of the Kingdom 15 Decemb. 1641. Declared, That the abrupt dissolution of this Parliament is pre­vented by another, (this) Bill; by which it is provided, it shall not be dissolved, adjourned, without the consent of both Houses: Yea the Lords & Commons in their Exact Col. p. 203. Declaration of May 19. 1642. declare, That ex­cellent Bill for the continuance of this Parliament was so necessary, that without it we could not have raised so great sums of monies for his Ma­jesties service, and Common wealth as we have done; and with­out which the ruine and destruction of the Kingdome must needs have followed (as since of the Kingdom, and Parliaments too by pre­text thereof.) And we are resolved the Gracious favour of his Majesty expressed in that Bill, and the advantage and security which thereby we have from being dissolved (by him;) shall not encourage us to do any thing which otherwise had not been fit to have done, Which whe­ther these formerly & now sitting have performed, let their own Con­sciences resolve. After which the Lords and Commons in their humble Petition to his Majesty, Exact Col. p. 260. Iun. 17. 1642. desire, That your Majesty having passed an Act, That this Parliament shall not be dis­solved but by Act of Parliament, your Majestie would not do any thing tending thereunto, by commanding away the Lords and great Officers whose attendance is necessary thereunto. (There­fore the sitting Members abolishing the whole House of Lords, and their secluding most of the Commons Members by this Pe­titions concession must dissolve it. Both Lords and Commons in their Declaration Exact Col. p. 704. 26th. Maii, 1642. adde. We hope the people will never be carryed away with a noyse of words against the Par­liament, to make any such equitable construction of the Act for the continuance of this Parliament; as may tend to the dissolution [Page 33] thereof, (by the Declaration of the King, which they Answer in this) and their own destruction therein. By all which passages it is apparent, That this act provided against every thing or things, done or to be done by the Kings Will or Prerogative, without the Houses consent for the dissolution of this Parl. not against its dis­solution by his death. 8ly. The King (and his party too,) did thus interpret it more than once in these passages: Exact Col­lect. p. 250. In his Maje­sties own Answer to the Declaration of the Lords and Commons of 19 May, 1642. We expressed a great trust in our Houses of Parliament, when We devested our Self of the power of dis­solving this Parliament, which was a Iust, Necessary, and proper Prerogative: to wit, when done by vertue of his Prero­gative, which this Act devests him of, not by a Natural much less a Violent death, No part at all of this Prerogative, but highest Act against it, to its and his dissolution. Exact Col­lection p. 323. In his Answer to the Petition and Propositions of both Houses, 2. June 1642. We were willingly contented to oblige our Self for the present exigent to raise monies, and avoid the pressure (no less grievous to us than them) the people must have suffered by a long continuance of so vast a charge as two great Armies, and for the greater certainty of having sufficient time to remedy the Inconveniences, when during so long an absence of Par­liaments, as for the punishment of the Causers and Ministers of them, We yielded up our Right of dissolving our Parliament, expecting an extraordinary moderation from it in gratitude, for so unexpected a Grace, and little looking that any Malignant party should have been encouraged or enabled to have perswaded them. First to countenance the Injustices and Indignities we have endured, and that by a new way of satisfaction for what was taken from us, to demand of us at once to confirm what was so taken, and to give up almost all (and now more than all) the rest. And in his Answer to their (Exact Col­lect. p. 364. Petition of 10 Iune 1642. ‘For that part of the Petiti­on which seemed to accuse his Majesty of a purpose to dissolve this Parliament (contrary to the Act for the continuance) by commanding away the Lords and Great Officers whose atten­dance is necessary; which his Majesty knows to be a new Calum­ny, by which the grand Contrivers of ruine for the State hope to seduce the minds of the people from their affection to, and jealousies of his Majesty, as if he meant this way to bring his Par­liament, (which may be the case of all Parliaments) to no­thing. It is not possible for his Majesty more to express himself thereunto, and his resolution for the Freedom, Liberties, and fre­quency [Page 34] of Parliaments than he hath done. And who now considers how visible it must be to his Majesty [...] that it is im­possible for him to subsist, without the affections of his people, and that these affections cannot possibly be preserved or made use of, but by Parliaments, cannot give the least credit, or have the least suspition, that his Majesty would choose any other way to the happiness he desires to himself and his posterity, bnt by Parliament.

From all which premises it is apparent, That the King himself and both Houses of Parliament did never intend by this Act to prevent the dissolution of this Parliament by the Kings natural death, (the Act of God they could not prevent) nor yet by his violent beheading (which then they neither intended nor foresaw) but by his own voluntarie Act and Royal prerogative, by which he formerly adjourned, prorogued, dissolved Parliaments at it his plea­sure. 9ly. It is resolved in our Law-books, That if an Act of Parli­ament refer to or confirm a thing which is not, or a thing which is utterly against Common law, Reason, Justice, as for a man to be a Judge or Witnesse in his own case) or a thing that is mis-recited, or repugnant, or impossible to be performed, there the Common-law shall controll and adjudge such an Act to be meerly void, Plowdon f. 398, 399, 400. Cook 8 Reports, f. 118. a. b. Ash. Parliament, 13. Hobards Reports p. 85.86, 87. But it is repugnant to Reason, Justice, Nature, the intention of the Writs of Summons, yea a thing im­possible, that the King should treat and confer with his Parliament after his death, or the Parliament not determine by it. There­fore were it particularlie provided for by this Act, it had been void in Law, (as if this Act of Parliament had declared, That a ma­riage between man and wife shall not be dissolved by the death of either of them, but continue indissolvable by death, against Nature, experience, Scripture, Rom 7.1, 2, 3.) much more then when not expres­sed nor intended by this Act, as the premises evidence.

Xly. Admit the Parliament still continuing by this Act, yet those now sitting neither are nor can be so much as an House of Commons, much less the Parliament within that Act, for these unanswerable Reasons,

1. The House of Commons within this Act, were a full and compleat House, consisting of above 500 Members; those now sitting in May 7, & 9. but 42. viz. Mr. Will Lenthal, Quondam Speak­er, Some of them Prison­ers in execu­tion, sent for out of Goal, to make up an House. Henry Martin, Lord Monson, Mr. Chaloner, Mr. Heningham, Alderman Atkins, Alderman Penington, Th. Scot, Corn. Holland, [Page 35] Sir Arthur Hasletigge, Sir Henry Vane, Sir Iames Harrington, Mr. Whitlock, Mr. Prydeaux, Mr. Lisle, Col. Ludlow, Mich. Oldsworth, Iohn Iones, Wil. Purefoye, Col. White, Henry Nevil, Mr. Say, Mr. Meston, Mr. Brewster, Col. Bennet, Serjeant Wilde, Mr. Goodwin, Mr. Lechmore, Col. Ingoldesby, Mr. Bla­grave, Mr. Gold, Col. Sydenham, Col. Byngham, Col. Ayre, Mr. Smith, Augustine Skinner, Mr. Down, Mr. Dove, Iohn Lenthal, Rich. Salaway, Iohn Corbet, Col. Walton; there being 300. Members more of the old Parliament yet living, besides those who are dead. 2ly. Those then sitting went in openlie like a House, upon 40 daies general Summons by Writs, setting without Gards, secluding none of their Fellow. Members by force. Those now sitting stole sodenlie into the House, in a surreptitious manner, without any notice given to the people of the Nation, or to those for whom they formerly served, or to the absent Members, or those then in London, or Westminster-Hall, who were not of their combination: setting Gards of Army-Officers at the Door, (who conducted them thither,) and presently secluded Mr. Prynne, and the other Members who upon the first notice of their sitting came to know upon what account they sate: taking forcible possession with Souldiers, and strong hand of the Commons House, and keeping themselves in possession thereof by force against the secluded Members & majo­rity of the house, contrary to the Statutes of 5 R. 2. c. 7.15 R. 2. c. 2. 8 H. 6. c. 9.31 Eliz c. 11. against forcible entries and deteiners; the Statute of 7 E. 1. the Libertie, Privilege, Rights, and Usage of Parliaments: A practice utterlie unseeming such transcendent Saints, Patriots of publick Liberty, as they boast themselves, & that Honor, Justice, Honestie, Synceritie, Gravity, Wisedom, which be­comes all Members of a Parliament, and Reformers of all pub­lick Grievances, Frauds, and indirect practises in others. 3ly. That old House of Commons had a special care of providing for the Kings Armie, his urgent and present occasions: professed themselves his loyal Subjects, and him to be their King and Soveraign Lord; hum­blie besought his most Excellent Majesty, that it might be decla­red and enacted by him, that this Parliament might not be dissol­ved, prorogued, or adjourned; but by Act of Parliament; acknow­ledging they could make no such Act without his Majesties Royal assent, and that both the King and Lords House were essential Members of the Parliament within this Act. But those fitting since 1648. till 1653. and now again thus entring the House, by pretext of this Act, have renounced, abjured, and professedlie engaged against all [Page 36] this, to which they are direct Antipodes; Therefore no Commons House within this Act. 4ly. The Commons House within this Act, was that House which was then in being when this Act pas­sed, dulie elected by the people by the Kings Writs, not the Ar­mie-Officers, and pursued the self-same ends recited in the pre­amble, for which this Act was made and assented to by the King and Lords. But this New House was created, constituted, not by the Kings writs, or peoples election, but the Armies swords, and conspiracie, 7 years after this Act first passed; then disown­ed, and turned out of Doors above 6 years by the Army; and now re-inducted into it by their armed Votes and force to serve their ends, not to pursue those mentioned in the Act, accompli­shed many years since, and now becoming impossible. Therefore they are not so much as an House of Commons within this Act, and the Armie-Officers and Souldiers who formerly thrust them out, & now recall them; may do well to consider that Gospel-Text, Gal. 2.18. If I build again the thing I destroyed, I make my self a Transgressor, even against this very Law, as well as the law of God, and other laws of the Land.

XI. If they are not so much as a Commons House of Parlia­ment, much less then are they the lawfull Parliament of England, in anie sense within the letter or meaning of this Act, no more than so manie of the old Gunpowder Popish-Traitors, (had their Trea­son taken so good effect in blowing up King Iames, the Lords whole House, and majoritie of the Commons House there assembled, as their late new Powder-plot hath done) had been the onlie law­full Parliament of 3 Iac. they destroyed, in case they had entred then into the Commons House with the Mace before them, and crea­ted, stiled themselves alone the Parliament of England, as a right devolved unto them by Conquest or Succession; which had they presumed to do, no doubt the whole English Nation 2 Kin. 21.23, 24, c. 14.5.6, 1 1 King. 16.16 to 21.would have risen up against them as one man, and never have so far dishonored themselves, their Religion, or Countrie, as to own and submit to those Jesuitical Romish-Traitors, only for destroying of their law­full King, Lords House, and English Parliament it self, as the onlie true old English Parliament then re-assembled. The Reasons are unanswerable.

1. Because the whole House of Commons then sitting in its primitive splendor, fullnesse, freedome, was by its own quadruple acknowledgement in it, no more but the Commons House, and one Member of this Parliament, not the Parliament it self; never own­ing, [Page 37] but professedlie disclaiming it self to be the Parliament, or present Parliament within this Act. 2ly. Because this Act was made not by the Commons alone without the King or Lords con­currence, but by the King as their Soveraign Lord, declaring and enacting, and the Lords and Commons, as jointlie assenting there­unto. 3ly. Because it is most absurd to conceive, that the King and Lords by passing this Act, to continue this Parliament as then constituted, till dissolved by Act of Parliament, did See Exact Col. p. 135, 148, 317 to 314. ever intend to seclude themselves quite out of it, or to make the Commons House alone an absolute independent Parliament, without both or either of them; though five times speciallie providing by name for their Parliamentarie interests; Or that they or the Com­mons intended to make each of themselves a distinct Parliament without the other, and so to erect three New Parliaments at once, by providing against the untimelie proroguing, adjourning, or dissolving of one; The King and Lord [...] both jointlie and seve­rallie having the self-same Arguments from this Act to prove each of them a several or joint Parliament without the Commons, by the Commons own intention in passing this law, as the Commons have to justifie themselves to be a Parliament, now they have se­cluded and engaged against them both, and will admit of neither as Members of their Parliament, when as this verie Act preciselie prohibits the King to dissolve, prorogue, or adjourn the Parliament, or either House therof; or the Lords to prorogue or adjourn, much less dissolve the Commons House, or the Commons to prorogue or adjourn, much lesse dissolve the Lords House, declaring and enact­ing, That at any time or times during the continuance of this Parliament, the Lords House shall not be adjourned (nor yet the Commons House) but onlie by their own respective Orders, and by themselves alone, declaring, enacting everie thing and things whatsoever done, or to be done to the contrarie, to be utterly void and of none effect, 4ly. Because this Act both in the Title, prologue and body, pre­vents onlie the untimely proroguing, adjourning, and dissolving of this present Parliament at any time or times during the continuance of it, but by Act of Parliament or themselves, stiling it 8. several times, this present Parliament, and giving it no other Title, yea it preciselie describes it to be, a Parliament onlie of King, Lords, and Commons, as it was when this Act was made, and so to continue till its dis­solution. But the Parliament now sitting, was not this present Parliament, being not then known, heard of, nor imagined ever to start up in After-ages, by any who made or consented to [Page 38] this Law, it being created onlie by the Armie 7 years after this Act, and now revived full 18 years after it, without anie King or House of Lords, and protesting, engaging against them both as no Members of it. Neither can they pursue any one of those ends for which this Parliament was continued. Therefore they are doubtlesse beyond dispute, no Parliament at all within the words or intention thereof, their own Consciences, Reason being Judges, (whatever they pretend) nor yet by their own Republican principles, a free and equal Representative of the people.

6ly. By the Alexand. ab Alexandro, Gen. Dierum, lib. 3. c 2, 10. 2 Sam. 16, 18. c. 19.41, 42, 43.8, 11.6. c. 7.33 H. 8. c. 27. Exact Collect. p. 146. Law and Custom of all Nations, Nature, Rea­son, Justice, Equitie, the laws of England, and of all publick or private Ecclesiastical, Civil, or Militarie Councils or Corpora­tions, the Majority of persons, Members, Voyces, Votes, are alwayes reputed the Parliament, Council, Synod, Corporation, and do, yea ought of right to bind the lesser part, as well in making Laws, Ordinances, as Elections, and all else that concerns the publick. Yea the General and General Counsel of the Army-Officers in their Petition to those and o­thers now sitting in Parliament, and draught of an Agreement of the people for a secure and present peace, framed, prepared, and present­ed to them, to be established and subscribed by the people, Ianua­ry 20. 1649. not onlie subscribed thereto: but proposed, Page 23. sect. 4. prin­ted by the Armies speci­al order, 1649. That 150 Members at least be alwayes present in each sitting of the Re­presentative, at the passing of any Law, or doing of any Act where­by the People are to be bound, saving that the Number of sixty may make the House for Debates or Resolutions that are preparatory thereunto. Therefore the 42 Members secretlie skipping into the House, secluding the rest, May 7, & 9. being not the 10th part of the Members of the old Parl. now surviving, by all Nations Laws, Con­sents, can be no Parliament, nor House of Commons within this Act; nor pass anie thing to bind the Majoritie of the Members or people in anie kind whatsoever; what ever anie imprudent, il­literate, shameless, namelesse Scriblers, or themselves (against their own Reasons, Ol. Crom­well, Ireton, Corn. Hol­land, and o­thers of them, stiled them­selves a Mock-Parliament as Iohn Lilburn affirms. Consciences, Iudgements, principles, resolu­tions) pretend to the contrarie: but dare not once affirm in good earnest. It being a received Maxime in all Ages Grotius de Jure Belli, l. 2. c. 15. sect. 3.16. Populi mi­nor pars Populum non obligit.

6ly. It is a rule our Plowdons Comentaries, f. 10.107, 108, 350, 364. 4 E. 4.4. Lawbooks, That all Statutes ought to be interpreted according to Reason, and the true mind, meaning, intention of those that made them: but it is most certain, That it is against all reason, and the true intents, minds, meaning of the Makers of this law, to make a Parliament without a King, or House of Lords, [Page 39] or Majoritie of the Commons House: Or that all or anie of them, when they made this Act, did ever dream of such a Iuncto as this now sitting; Or to seclude themselves, and resign up their own interests, freedoms, privileges, right of sitting in Parliament with them, to constitute them the onlie Parliament of England, as everie line, syllable throughout the Act demonstrates. There­fore they neither are nor can be a Parliament within it, neither can the Bedlam, Turkish, Bruitish, unreasonable Argument of the longest Sword, or Armie-logick, nor the petitions, addresses of any Crack-brain'd Sectaries, and vulgar Rabble of inconfiderable illiterate people, nor the presence of anie Lawyers sitting with, or acting under them as a Parliament, to their own and their Pro­fessions dishonour, make them so in their own, or any Wisemens, or Iudicious, honest Lawyers Iudgement whatsoever. And therefore out of Conscience, shame, justice, prudence, and real Christianitie, (have they anie left) they must needs disclaim themselves to be a Parlia­ment, and no longer abuse the Nation, or others under their dis­guise. All whith Mr. Prynne, if admitted would viva Voce have pressed home upon them, but being forcibly secluded by their Gards, be­cause unable to answer or contradict his Law or Reason, he now tenders to their view, and the Judgement, Resolution of the whole English Nation, to whom he appeals, with this publick Pro­testation.

That if they will freely call in all the surviving Members of the Lords and Commons House, sitting till December 1648. without secluding anie by force, or new unparliamentarie Impositions or seclusive Engagements, which they have no power to impose: If they upon a free and full debate shall resolve, the old parlia­ment to be still in being, and not actually dissolved by the Kings beheading, notwithstanding his premised Reasons to the con­trarie; He will then submit his private Iudgement to their Majo­rity of Voyces in this, as well as in all other Parliamentary de­bates, and contribute his best assistance and advice as a Fellow-Member, to heal the manifold breaches, prevent the approach­ing ruines of our indangered Church, Realms, Parliaments, Laws, Liberties, Peace, and establish them upon better foundations than those now sitting (to promote their own and the Armies interests rather than the peoples or Nations) are ever likely to lay. Who if they can prove themselves a true and lawfull English Par­liament within this Act, without either King or House of Lords, or this their clandestine, forcible entry into and seclusion of their Fellow-Members out of the Honse, and Actings in it to be law­full, [Page 40] equitable, righteous, honorable, parliamentarie, Christian, and such as well becomes either Saints, Members, or true good Englishmen, by anie Records, Parliament Rolls, Acts, Presi­dents of like kind in former Ages, Law-books, Customes, Com­mon or Civil-law, Scripture, Divinitie, Reason, Ethicks, Po­licks (except Machiavils, and the sole Argument of the longest Sword, the most bruitish, unjust, unchristian, Turkish of all o­thers) Mr. Prynne will then publicklie declare them to be that in truth, which as yet he neither can nor dares to acknow­ledge them to be so much as in appellation, either a Member of the Old Parliament, a Covenanter, a Protester, a Lawyer, a Scholar, a Man, an Englishman or a Christian. And hopes, that upon the perusal hereof they will as much disown themselves to be the Parliament within this Act, or anie lawfull Parliament of England even in their Judgments, consciences, much more in actings, for the premised Reasons, as he or anie other secluded Members do; not out of anie spirit of contradiction, but Conscience, and common dutie to themselves, and their native Country.

That which principallie elevated, yea inflamed Mr. Prynnes zeal, both now and heretofore, with all his might to oppose all late publick Innovations, changes of our antient Government, Parliaments, Laws, was this sad and serious consideration, which he shall with all earnest importunitie intreat, advise all Army Officers, Souldi­ers, sitting or secluded Members of the Lords or Commons House, with all well-affected persons to the safetie, settlement of our Religion, Church, State, throughout our three Nations, most seriouslie to lay to heart, and engrave upon their Spirits, not to read it as they do News-books, (only to talk of them for a day or two) but as they read the evidences of their Inheritances, where­by they hold all their earthlie (yea heavenly) possessions, that they may remember, act according to it all their lives:

That William Watson (a secular Priest of Rome) in his Dialogue between a Secular Priest and a Lay Gentleman, printed at Rhemes, 1601. in his Watsons Quodlibets [...]. 144▪ 332. Quodlibets, printed 1602 and William Clerk a Secular Priest, in his Answer to Father Parsons Libel, 1604. p. 75. &c. (then best acquainted with the Iesuites designs against Eng­land of all others) did in precise terms publish to the English Na­tion, in these their printed Books, a That Father Parsons the Eng­lish Iesuite, (the most active professed enemie to our English Kingship, Kings Realm, Church, Religion) & his Confederate Iesuitical Society, did (so long since) give out and prophesied, That they have it [Page 41] by Revelation, and special command from God, that their order and Society was miraculously instituted for this end, to work a dismal change amongst us, wherein all Laws, Customes, and Orders must be altered, and all things turned upside down: and that they being the only men who have the name, Title, and authority of Ie­sus, by them it is, that this marvelous change and alteration shall be wrought, in such sort as from the beginning of the world was the like never heard of before to this present. Quodlibets, p. 322, 323, 333, 334, 39.209.305, 306, 306, 307, 309. That this Ie­suite Father Parsons in his Book Of the Reformation of all the States of England, as he Quodlibets, p. 322, 323, 333, 334, 39.209.305, 306, 306, 307, 309. prescribes a Reformation of the Prince, Court, Counsellors, Noblemen, Bishops, Prelates, Pastors, Universi­ties, Lawyers, and Laws, in all which he will have strange Me­tamorphoses, so he will have the Court of Parliament it self brought to better order, to effect all these dismal changes. That the way whereby he & they intended to bring about all these changes was, to bring all England into an uprore; for common Souldiers to examine their Soveraigns what Titles they hold by, and by infusing this their Iesuitical principle into the Souldiers and people, That every Pecope or Tartarian multitud [...], getting once the title and stile of a publick State, Nota. or Helvetian Common wealth, may alter, change, inno­vate the Course, Inheritance, and Succession of the Crown and Lands under them, to make the Island a Iaponian Island of Iesuites, and infeoff themselves by hook or crook in the whole imperial dominion of Great Britain, putting all the whole Blood-Royal of England to the Formidon, as but Heirs general in one Predicament. For their better accomplishment whereof this William Watson sub­joyns his own opinion in these words Quodlibets, p. 27, 28, 169. ‘I verilie think that all the Puritans and Anabaptists will joyn with the Iesuites, (to effect these changes) at length, how far soever they seem to be, and yet are, in external profession of Religion: there be­ing at least half an hundred principles and odde Tricks concern­ing Government, Authority, Tyranny, Popularity, Conspiracy, &c. wherein they jump as just together as if both were made of one mould; But when they shall thus joyn together, he predicts; That the Iesuites having more singular fine wits amongst them, and manie learned men on their side, whereas the Puritans and A­nabaptis [...]s have none but grossum Caputs, the Iesuites manie Gentiles, Nobles, and some Princes to side with them; the Pu­ritans but few of the first, rare, to have anie of the second, and none of the last on their side: By consequence, if matters come to hammering between the Iesuites and Puritans, the latter are [Page 42] sure to be ridden like Fools, and come to wrack. He super­addes to this, Quodlibet, 9. p. 286, 430 332. That Father Parsons and his Companie have laid a plot, as most consonant and fitting for their other Design­ments, That the Common law of the Realm of England must be (forsooth) utterly abolished, or else bear no greater sway in the Realm than the Civil law doth. And the chief Reason is, Nota. for that the State of the Crown and Kingdome by the Common laws is so strongly setled, as whilst they continue, the Iesuites see nor how they can work their wills. Second­ly, the said good Father hath set down a Course; how every man may shake off all Authority at their pleasures, as if he would be­come a new Anabaptist or Iohn of Leydon, to draw all the World into a Mutiny, Rebellion, and Combustion. And the Stratagem is, how the common People (and Souldiers) must be inveigled and seduced, to conceit to themselves such a Liberty or Prerogative, as that it may be lawfull for them, when they think fit, to place and displace Kings and Princes, as men do their Tenants at will, Hirelings, or ordinary Servants. Which Anabaptistical and abominable Doctrine, proceeding from a turbulent Tribe of trayterous Puritans and other Hereticks, this treacherous Iesuite would now foist into the Chatholick Church, as a ground of his corrupt Divinitie.’ Mr. Prynne ha­ving some year since diligently observed all these passages, with sundrie others of this nature, in those Secular Priest-books, and comparing them with Campanella de Monarchia Hyspanica, c. 25. 27. & Cardinal Here p. 19. Richlieues Instructions forecited; having likewise read in the Iesuites own printed Books, Imaginū Ant­werp, an. 1940. Speculum Je­suiticum, p. 210. That they had no lesse than 931 Colleges and Seminaries of Iesuites erected in several parts of the World, within the space of 120 years, and no fewer than 15 Colleges and Seminaries in Provincia Anglicana, in the English Province in the year 1640. wherein they had 267. Socii Socie­tatis, See his E­pistle before his Histori­cal and legal Vindication, &c. An. 1655. Fellows of their own Societie, besides Novices, and 4 Col­leges more of English Iesuites beyond the Seas, and no less than eight Colleges of Irish, and several Residenciaries of Sco­tish Iesuites in Ireland, Scotland, and other places: And being assured by the publick Speeches of Oliver Cromwell himself, first to an Assemblie of Divines and others at Whitehall 1653. and after to his new modelled Parliament at Westminster, September 4. 1654. published in print, p. 16, 17. ‘That he knew verie well that E­missaries of the Iesuites never came over in such swarms as they have done since our late wars and changes were on foot, and [Page 43] that divers Gentlemen can bear Witness with him, That they have a Consistory and Counsel that rules all the Affairs of the things of England; and had fixed in England in the Cir­cuit of most Cathedrals, (of which he was able to produce the particular Instrument) an Episcopal power, with Arch­deacons, and other persons to pervert and seduce the people. And being most certainlie informed, That the Romes Ma­ster piece, Hidden works of Dark­nesse, &c. A Collection of Ordinances, p. 245 Arch-Iesuite Sir Toby Mathew, though banished by both Houses, Sir A Collect. of Ordinances. p. 245. Kenelme Digby, a Jesuited papist, (whose Father had a chief hand in the old Gunpowder Treason, and was himself particularlie imployed to Rome by the Queen to procure men and monies from the Pope against the Parliament, where he expected to receive a Cardinals Cap,) A Collect. p. 151, 852, 858, Vid Wekye of Durb. A Collect. p. 906. Sir Iohn Winter a person excepted from pardon, Mr. Walter Mountague (two notorious Jesuited Papists, who Romes Ma­sterpiece conspired with the Popes Nuncio and College of Jesuites, in Longacre to destroy the King, and alter the Government of the Kingdome if he re­fused to turn Roman Catholick, and repeal all Laws against Ro­mish Priests, Iesuites, Papists, and for that very end raised the first Scotish wars, and (which is most observable) that Orelly the Popes own Nuncio in Ireland, who promoted the late horrid Irish Rebellion and massacre of the Protestants, sate President in the General Counsel of the Popish Rebels there for several years,A Collect. p. 267. The History of Independency part 2. to carry on that Rebellion; came all over into England, walked openly in the Streets and VVestminster Hall, when the King was brought to his Tryal, and executed by their and other Iesuites instigation, and our Old Kingdom metamorphosed into a new Common-wealth; That The History of the Indepen­dency p. 2. Owen Ro Oneal, and all the Irish Re­bels under him, by Orellies perswasion, entred into an offensive and defensive League with the New-Republicans against Marquesse Ormond, the Lord Inchequin, and Protestant party in Ireland, who declared for Monarchy, & the Kings Title, against their Republick.’ And being withall assured by sundry persons of credit, That there were many Iesuites under the habit of See Mr. Prynnes Speech, Memento, & Epistle to his Historical & legal Vindica­tion. Ludovicus Lucius, Hist. Iesuitica, p. 144, 156, 170. Souldiers, listed in the Army, and others of them under the disguise of Physicians, Apo­thecaries, Travellers, Captains, Merchants, Factors, Tradesmen, Anabaptists, Ranters, Seekers, Quakers, and other Sectaries, dispersed throughout all places, to carry on and accomplish tho [...] dismal changes, so long since predicted, Projected by Father Par­sons and the Iesuites. Yea, being further assured, by an eminent Divine and others more than once, from the mouth of a Noble English Lord, returning from Rome about 4 years since, That [Page 44] the Provincial of the English Jesuites, when he went to see their College in Rome, assured him, they had then above fifteen hun­dred of their Society of Iesuites in England, able to work in several Professions and Trades, which they had there taken upon them, the better to support, and secure themselves from being discovered, and infuse their Principles into the vulgar People. That the See the false Iew, and his examination, Printed 1653. Great Anabaptist, styled, The Administrator of Hexam near Newcastle, in the North, since removed to Colchester, was lately a Papist (if not) a Priest or Iesuite; that Ramsey the Scotish Iesuite was purposely sent ouer into England by the Pope & Iesuites An. 1653. under the notion of a Iew, to infuse new Notions into the Ana­baptists & side with them, who therupon addressed himself to Paul Hobson the Anabaptist, a Grand Army-preacher, and this Admini­strators Congregation, where he made a publick profession, ‘That he was a Iew by birth, but was now thorowly converted to the Christian Religion by their instruction, with a publick Con­fession of his Faith, which they printed, whereupon he was publickly dipped by this Administrator at Hexam, and received as a Member into their Anabaptistical Church, who much gloried in it, till within few weeks after, he was by the Maior and Ministers of Newcastle clearly discovered, to be a grosse Impostor, yea a Scotish Iesuite, and sent up by them to London; where after some restraint he was enlarged without any punishment, and not long since, twice boldly entred into the University Schools at Cambridge, desiring conference with Mr. Smith the Hebrew Lecturer there, with whom he discoursed in Hebrew; professing himself, to be Soul and Body for the Catholick Church of Rome: That See his Epistle before his printed Book. 1652. Eleazer Ben-Isaiah, and his Brother Ioseph, 2. Grand Jesuitical Impostors, at the self-same time under the Notion of converted Iews, were dipped by the Ana­baptists; maintaining Dipping, not Sprinkling to be the only Bap­tisme of Iesus Christ, and the Anabaptists to be the only strong and glorious Christians, in their printed Book, dedicated unto our new Republican Parliament & Counsel of State, 1653. Which Mr. Pr. (soon after his inlargement frō Pendennys Castle) meeting with, discovered them to be gross Impostors, one of them a Trooper in P. Ruports Army; who after a Collection made for him (as a Converted Iew) at Dursty in Glostershire, by Mr. Woodward on the Lords day, drank sive jugges of Bear, with sundry pipes of Tobacco, where­by to digest his Lords day Supper, and disgorge his Sermons: then locking his Chamber Door in the Inne, he ran to the Maid he had sent to warm his Bed, and attempted to ravish her; wherupon the cry­ing [Page 45] out, & the Boy of the House (being about 11 a block at night) endevouring to raise the Neighbors, he therupon fled from thence, (since which Mr. Prynne heard no more tydings of him.) And ha­ving [...]ince that most clearly discovered to the whole Nation (in his Books, intituled, The Quakers Vnmasked, and New Discovery of Romish Emissaries, printed. 1655. and 1656.) That the Franciscan Freers and Iesuites were the first Erectors of our new Sect of Qua­kers, (Ignatius Loyola the Jesuites Founder, being first a Souldi­er, then a Quaker, next a Speaker, last of all a professed Iesuit; as his Disciples now are, first Iesuites, then Quakers, Speakers, Souldiers before or after;) That Maurice Conry an Irish Franciscan, late Pro­vincial of the English Franciscan Fryers, (having 15 extraordina­ry faculties granted him to exercise here in England; as to absolve all Hereticks in England, of what Nation soever; to admit men into his Order; To dispence with Oaths, with saying Canonical Hours, the Ceremonies of the Mass, for keeping Heritical Books, and other particulars which might discover any of them to be Freers, or Papists: to authorize, print what Books he allowed; con­cealing both the Name of the Author, Printer, place, Non obstante Consilio Tridentino:) came over into England, under the disguise of a Spanish Captain, having sundry Pasports from the King of Spains Officers in the Low Countries, to raise men for his service in England and Ireland, where he continued during the Regency of our Republicans; After which in the year 1653. he procured a pass and protection to all Officers by Sea and Land under Ol. Crom­wels own hand and Seal, to pass and repass about his occa [...]ions to and from Ireland; all which were taken about him in Bristol, 20 November 1655. and the very Originals under Seal brought to Mr. Prynne; who published some of them in print; yet after near two years imprisonment at Bristol, upon a Habeas Corpus brought by Con­ry, he was turned over Prisoner to Newgate, to be tryed as a Popish Priest, and let go thence (by direction as was conceived) before the Sessions, and never enquired after since. Mr. Prynne disco­vering all this and much more, and being most fully assured, that all the Rebellions in the Army since 1646. against the King, Par­liament, Members, and all the late Changes, Revolutions of our Government ever [...]ince, proceeded originally from the Jesuites, and Romish Agents powerfull influences upon the seduced Army-Offieers, Souldiers, Sectaries, and Republican Members. And long since taking special notice, that during the Armies & Repub­licans proceedings against the King, & in hammering out their new [Page 46] Common-wealth; all the most eminent, zealous, religious Members of the Commons House, most opposite to Jesuites, Pa­pists, Popery, were totally secluded, secured by the Army; and their Votes, Protestations, Advices, with the Addresses, Disswa­sions of all the Godly Ministers of London and other parts, yea (See his Iu­stice ō the Ar­mies Remon­strance. 1649. VVilliam Sedgwicks, their own Chaplains,) totally rejected with highest contempt; and the Counsels of the most desperate Jesu­ites, and popish Agents (flocking to London from all forein parts, and walking freely in the Streets whiles the Members were under strictest restraints) vigorously pursued: So all their subsequent Actions demonstrated to him and all considerate Protestants, whose Creature their New Republick originally was, and for whose service it was created, as these memorable particulars e­vidence.

  • See the Pro­sitions to the King, and Mr. Prynnes Speech, p. 57, 58. His Disco­very of Free­state tyranny. p. 18.
    1. They did quite set aside all those 5. strict excellent Bills against [...]esuites, Seminary Priests, Popish Recusants, and the exercise of any t [...]eir Romish Superstitions in any place within our Realms, which the secluded Members, and Army-Officers too at first, eagerly pur­sued; and the King in the Treaty of the Isle of VVight assented to at the first without any scruple: For which the Iesuites in France, at a general Meeting there, presently resolved to bring him to Iu­stice, and take off his Head by the power of their Friends in the Army; as the King himself was certified by an express from thence, and wished to provide against it, but two dayes before his removal by the Ar­my from the Isle of VVight, in order to his execution.
  • 2ly. They
    See their Votes in Feb. 1648. And Act for ta­king the En­gagement, Sep. 6. 1649.
    totally set aside and repealed by express Votes and printed Knacks, the very Oaths of Supremacy and Allegiance, as un­lawfull Oaths, which themselves took and ought to take before they sate or could sit as Members in the Commons House; by the Statutes of 5 El. c. 2. & 7 Iac. c. 6. which Oaths were specially made (by the great wisedom, care and piety of our Protestant Parliaments, purposely to detect the persons, and prevent the plots, conspiracies, Assasinations, Treasons, Vsurpations, and new Gun-powder plots of the Romish Ie­suites, popish Priests, Papists, and their Instruments, against the Lives, Crowns, Prerogatives of our Protestant Kings, Princes, their Royal po­sterity, Realms, Parliaments, our protestant Church and Religion, as the Statutes of 1 Eliz. c. 1. 5 Eliz. c. 1. 3 Iac. c. 4. 7 Iac. c. 6. and o­ther Acts, with King Iames his Apology for the Oath of Allegiance, and sundry learned Treatises in defence of these Oaths, declare at large: Which Oaths were
    7 Iac. c. 6. Ro. Bellar. Responsio ad Apol. pro Iuramento Fi­delitatis.
    refused, opposed only by the most Iesuited and desperate Papists ▪, at home and abroad: but approved by the [Page 47] moderatest and loyallest Priests and
    See the Lord William Hewards and Prestons books in defence of the Oath. Mr. Rushworths Historical Collections, p. 347.
    Lay-Papists who writ in justi­fication of them; and repealed to their greatest joy and advan­tage, by our Jesuitized zealous Republicans.
  • 3ly. They discharged, absolved themselves, and all other Mem­bers, Subjects, Officers, who had taken these Oaths (as most had frequently done) from the future Observation of them, and of their Solemn Protestation,
    See the 2d. part of the History of In­dependency.
    Vow, League, National Covenant, made in pursu­ance of them; contrary to this expresse Clause in the Oath of Alle­giance,
    3 Iac. c. 4.
    I do believe, and in Conscience am resolved, That neither the Pope, nor any Person whatsoever, hath Power to absolve me of this Oath, or any part thereof, which I acknowledge by good and full Authority to be lawfully administred to me, and do renounce all Par­dons and Dispensations to the contrary. And all these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowledge and swear, according to the expresse words by me spoken, and plain and common sense of the said words, with­out any equivocation or mental reservation, And I do make this recogni­tion and acknowledgement, Heartily, Willingly, and Truly, up­on the Faith of a Christian. Yet these faithlesse Republicans, who took this Oath as Members, (and several times else upon other occasions) thus atheistically, like so many absolute Popes, against all
    See Grotius De lure Belli, l. 2. c. 13. Dr. Sanderson of Oaths.
    Laws of Nations, Nature, absolved themselves and all others from it, and set it, with the Oath of Supremacy, Covenant, Protestation, quite aside like old Almanacks out of date.
  • 4ly. Not content herewith, they
    See their Knack, Sept. 6. 1649.
    imposed a new Engagement, diametrically contrary to these Oaths, the Protestation, Vow, Solemn League and Covenant, which every one must subscribe with his hand, To be true and faithfull to their New Common-wealth as established by them, without a King or House of Lords, putting all English Freemen whatsoever into a New praemunire, upon a bare suggestion only before proof or conviction, and disabling them to sue in any Court of their Republick, or to receive or enjoy any degree, office, augmentation, or preferment whatsoever Spiritual, Ecclesiastical, Civil, or Military, or sit as Members then (and now again) unless they would publickly subscribe it: Which Engagement thousands of our Godly protestant Ministers, Gentry, Freemen refusing to subscribe, were thereupon barred of their Actions, Executions, Iudgements to recover their just Debts, Rights, Inheritances, Goods, Offices; denyed their degrees of Learning, ejected out of their Benefices, Head­ships, Fellowships, Vice-Chancelorships, Augmentations, Offices, Freeholds, Callings, against all rules of Law, Conscience, Iustice, Equity, Religion, the Fundamental Laws and Liberties of the [Page 48] Land, their Native Birth-Rights, after all their Conte [...]s, Wats, Con­tributions, Prayers, Fasts, endeavours for their defence: And all by these Free-State-Men. A Tyranny, Treachery, Perjury, Apostacy, transcending any since the Creation, yet most eagerly pursued by them all their Reign, to the utter ruine of many consciencious, honest Prote­stants, and great rejoycing of all Iesuites and Popish Enemies both at home and abroad.
  • 5ly. The very first Act of Iustice they did, by the first Commission of the peace they passed under their New Republican Great Seal for Middlesex, at the first Sessions held under them at Hix-hall, Febr. 1628. was the enlarging of a dangerous Iesuite, and another old seducing Pa­pist, formerly imprisoned in the New prison: the only Acts done in this first Session, as those present then informed Mr. Prynne with much regret: Which was seconded with the subsequent enlargement of other Iesuites, Priests, Papists, elsewhere imprisoned: whereas on the contrary they shut up Sir William Waller, Sir Will. Lewes, Sir Iohn Clotwo [...]thy, Major General Brown, Comissary Cop [...]y, Mr. Prynne, Mr. Clement Walker close priso­ners in sundry remote Castles divers years together, without any cause expressed, and Mr. Gewen with other Members, several Monthes, and sundry Godly Ministers, Protestants of all sorts throughout the Land, as well Paliamenteers, as former Cavaliers; yea beheaded Mr. Love, an eminent Protestant Minister, and other Protestants, but not one Papist in their illegal High-Courts of Justice, erected by them▪ against all our Laws, whiles these Romish Locusts were thus enlarged, unprosecuted, and had free liberty to wander up and down our three Nations, and act what they pleased to work out Kingdoms, Churches, and Religions ruine.
  • 6ly. The first who publikely owned them for a Common-wealth, congratulated this their glorious change, atchievement, and ent [...]ed into a League with them, was the most Catholick K. of Spain, the
    [...]peculum [...]uit. p. 40. [...]7, 218. Lu­ [...]vicus Luci­ [...] Hist. Iesuit. [...] c. 2 p. 237, [...]3, 288.300, [...]9.
    Popes, Iesuites, chief Patron and Propagator of their Catholick Faith and designs: whose interests they prosecuted during all their Republican domination.
  • 7ly. They entted into a bloodie invasive war against their Brethren of Scotland onlie for owning their rightfull Soveraign King CHARLES, after his Fathers beheading, according to their Laws, Oathes, Duties, and Solemn League and Covenant; invaded their▪ Country without any provocaion, slew many thousands of them with furie and cruelty in the Field;
    Near two [...]ndred thou­ [...]d pounds a [...] more [...] all the [...] venues and [...]xes [...]ount to, [...] good [...]bands are
    starved, destroyed hundreds of them taken prisoners by them, and sold others of them into forein plantations for Slaves; imprisoned, sequestred, banished most of their zealous Godly Protestant Ministers, Nobles, Gentry; took all their Cities, Castles, Forts, Amunition, Arms, conquered, inthralled their whole Kingdom, put them under intollerable Taxes, Tributes, and Iron-yokes of armed Governors, Garrisons still con­tinued amongst them to our cost▪ destroyed their presbyterial and civil Go­vernment; and for an everlasting Monument of this their barbarous un­brotherly kindnesse, and gratitude towards them for their former assistan­ces, not only kept Solemn publick Thanksgiving-Dayes throughout their [Page 49] Republicke for their Slaughters of and Victories over them, but hanged up all their Ensigns in Westminster Hall, and transported all their Re­cords close prisoners to the Tower of London, where they yet continue.
  • 8ly. They instigated the Dutch to set aside the Prince of Orange his Family, and put them out of the superiour Commands, places of Trust, they formerly merited and enjoyed, out of malice to the beheaded Kings Progeny; mutined the States against each other, and then entred into a most costly, bloody, dangerous, unchristian War with those our old Pro­testant Friends and Allyes, continuing all their Regency, to the losse of many thousands of gallant Protestants lives, the ruine of sundry Familyes, the great weakning, impoverishing of both Nations, the scandal, detri­ment of the Protestant Religion, the griefs of all forein Protestant Churches, the great joy and advantage of both our prosessed Popish Adversaries, and King of Spain especially; who long since designed both our ruines, by these very practises, prescribed to him by Campanella in direct words, as those who please may read at large, in his Book De Monarchia Hispa­nica, c. 25. & 27.
  • 9ly. They freely permitted (if not encouraged) all their Republican Government,
    See the Diuruals and Almanacks from 1648. to 1653.
    Diurnallists in their News-Books, and those scurrilous, grosse Impostors, Lilly, Culpepper, and other Prognosticators in their Al­manacks, besides sundry other Scriblers insufferably to revile and rayle a­gainst our Oxthodox, Godly, Protestant Ministers, especially Presbyterians, to prophecy their downfull extirpation, execution, banishment, the utter ruine of them, their Tithes, Glebes, Presbytery, to incense both Souldiers and people to disown their Ministry, detain their Tithes, revile, abuse their persons, as being worse than any Priests, Iesuites, and greater Enemies, Traytors to their Republick than they, (who readily complyed with it as a Child of their own begetting.)
  • Xly. They permitted many thousands of Popish Primers and other Books to be freely imported, and above thirty thousand Popish and Athe­istical pamphlets of all sorts, against our Church, Religion, Ministers, to be printed and vended in England without controll, as the London-Stationers (moved out of Conscience) declared and published to them in their Beacon fired 1652. and Scintilla, which Book was presently answered by the Beacon quenched, subscribed by Colonel Pride (the new Faux) and o­ther Army-Officers, (though writ by a Iesuite as Mr. Prynne was cre­dibly informed) and presented to those then sitting at Westminster, erecting them against the Stationers and their Beacon fired, as a New-Gunpowder-plot, to blow up the Army, Parliament, and New Common wealth, though a true, honest, harmlesse, pious, timely Discovery of the Papists and Iesuites designs to blow up our Religion, Church, Ministry, A­mongst other popish Books then printed,
    See Mr. Prynnes di [...]scovery of Free state Tyranny, p. 19, 20.
    Mr. Prynne met with one as far as Pendennis Castle in Folio, inittuled, The Holy Court, written by Edmund Causin a Iesuite, translated into English by Iesuites, dedicated to our Queen Mary, and the Dutchesse of Buckingham, printed in London by William Bentley, 1650. and sold by Iohn Williams in Pauls Church-yard, as [Page 50] the Title page attests, having the Iesuits Badge, and S. I. (Societatis Iesu) in Capitals printed in its front. In which Folio Book (consisting of divers Tomes) Tom. 1. p. 30 to 38.63, 64, 68, 74▪ 75. Tom. 2. p. 168. Tom. 3.425 to 430, 461, 462. Tom 5.173, 174.304 to 319. and other pages, The Popes Supremacy, prayer to Saints and Angels, Pur­gatory, Masse, Transubstantiation, and all other points of grossest popery were not only maintained, assered, but our very Protestant Religion branded for Heresy, our late Queen Elizabeth, our Ministers and all other Pro­fessors of it reviled, censured for damnable Heretiques, as Mr. Prynne then observed.
  • 11ly. Themselves in divers of their printed Declarations, Knacks, and their Instruments in sundry Books, (as Iohn Goodwin, Markham, Needham, Melton, and others,) justified, maintained, the very highest, worst, treasonablest, execrablest, of all Popish and
    See Prynnes [...]pistle before [...] Legal and [...]storical [...]ollections, [...]. 1655.
    Jesuitical, Unchristian tenents▪ practise [...], Treasons, as the murdering of Christian Protestant Kings, (under the notion of Tyrants) the blowing up of Parliaments, the subver­ting of Kingdoms, the altering of all setled Laws, Governments, the forcible usurpation of others Crowns, Honors, Officers, Estates, without Right or Title, by force, murder, treachery, the breach of, dispensation with, absolution from all sacred Oaths, Leagues, Covenants, Promises, Contra [...]s, rebellion, against all law­full Superiours, and the open Violation of the 5, 6, 8, 9 & 10. moral Com­mands of God himself, under the pretences of publick Iustice, Necessity, Self-preservation, Reformation, Religion, publick good, safety, advancement of the Gospel and Kingdom of Iesus Christ, repayed with their own ejection.
  • [...]ee the 2d. [...]t of the [...]story of In­ [...]pendancy.
    12ly They closed in an offensive and defensive League with Owen Ro Oncal, and the popish Irish bloody Rebels, against Marquesse Ormond, In­chequin, and the Protestant party there who had been the Parliaments chief Generals and Officers, against the Rebels; in opposition to Monarchy; and when (to couler the odium of it) Col. Monke was questioned in the House for making this League with them, as done without their privity; and one of them moved, That he might be committed for it to the Tower; that famous Saint Henry Martin, stood up and retorted, That he desired the Tower might be rather committed unto him for this good service: What high places of trust by Sea and Land he hath been advanced to since for this ser­vice, is very well known; whereas Marquesse Ormond, the Lord Inche­quin, and other Protestants in Ireland, who faithfully served the Parliament against the Irish Rebels, and bare the brunt of the first wars against them, were yet the very first persons excepted in their printed Catalogues, and News-Books, from all manner of pardon or composition either for their Lives or Estates, and are quite stript of all their Lands in Ireland, out of odium unto Monarchy, the Kings posterity. And all this to advance the Protestant Re­ligion and Christs Kingdom by and under their New Jesuitical Republick, the quite contrary way.

These 12. particulars, like so many true, good, honest sworn Grand-Iury-men, impanelled by Mr. Prynne, out of mere zeal to his native Coun­tryes, Church, Religions preservation, will give in a true impartial verdict, [Page 51] whose proper child, our New Commonwealth, whose Instru­ments the Guardians of it, but Goalors of all our liberties under it, have been and now are again, and whose works they do. He shall subjoyn a few sad Observations of like nature, during their Infant Republicks second wardship under their late Protector, to promote the Protestant Cause and Religion.

1. His making peace with the Hollander after he had dismounted the Republican Grandees to set up himself in their places; was in it self a Christian, pious, prudent, and commendable Act, be­neficial to both Nations. But if the principle motives of it were, a vast sum of mony from the Dutch, put into his private purse (as some report;) or a desire to ecclipse the Honour, power of the Prince of Orange, their chief Protector and his Family; to banish the late Kings Royal posterity, and Adherents out of the Nether­lands, and leave them no subsistance, nor being there amongst Protestants of our and their Religion, to force them to seek new Quarters amongst Iesuites, Papists, and cast themselves wholy on their Charity, on purpose to pervert them in their Religion, and destroy both their Souls & Bodies at once, which is visible and irre [...]ragable, they being all actually exiled thence by special Articles upon the peace with the Dutch. What Protestant can think upon it but with horror, as the highest Act of Impiety, cruelty, bar­barisme, injustice, uncharitablenesse, and malice ever yet re­corded of any professors of Christianity in the Protestant Reli­gion.

2ly. His quarrelling with the King of Spain, in hopes to gain his Indian Mines, and sending such a Fleet, with so many thousand English Protestants and Souldiers thither, upon the bare project of See his Book and De­scription of the West-Indies. Gage, a Iesuited professed Papist and Spainiolized Priest, who had lived there sundry years under the Spanish King as a Priest, (all whose family and relations have been See Romes Master-piece and Hidden works of Darkness brought to publick light. desperate popish enemies to our Religi­on. King, Kingdoms) with the disasterous successe and fruits there­of, to the expence of such vast sums of our own Treasure, the loss of so manie thousand protestant Souldiers, Mariners, and undo­ing, endangering of our other American plantations; if rightly weighed, was in truth rather a Spanish and Iesuitish plot to ruine us and our religion, than to advance them; as Mr. Prynne at first re­puted them, predicting the ill event before it happened.

3ly. His closing with France and the French-Cardinal Maza­rine, upon the breach with Spain, of purpose to banish poor distres­sed K. Charles (whom he drove out his 3 Protestant Kingdoms, ba­nished [Page 52] out of Holland: (deprived of all charitable supplies or hopes of relief from either for his necessarie subsistance;) and banish his Brother the Duke of York who had a command & great repute in the French Army, with all their Dependents out of France too, that he might the more securely establish himself and his posterity in their hereditarie Kingly power, dominions, and leave them no place to hide their heads in, (the effect, and chief end of that peace;) and that in pursuit of Cardinal Richelieus Herep. 19. forementioned Instructi­ons to ruine our Monarchy, Kingdoms, and work his infernal designs against us,) was such an inhumane, unchristian policy, as verie ill accords with our Saviours expresse precepts, Mat. 5.44. &c. Lu. 6.27, &c. Rom. 12.20, 21. But I say unto you, love your Enemies: Therefore if thy Enemie hunger feed him, if he thirst give him drink: Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good­nesse. And a President hardlie paralleld.

Ala [...] how shall the memorable Heroick charity, generosity, pi­etie, justice, of our Norman Conqueror King William, (censured by this new Conqueror and his Army Saints, as the worst of Ty­rants in sundry Pamphlets;) and of his Sons, William Rufus, and Henry 1. towards Edgar Atheling Heir to the English Crown after the death of Edward the Confessor (when hee took it from him by the Sword, under pretext of See Mr. Prynnes 3d. part of his Legal Histori­cal Vindica­tion & Colle­ction, &c. p. 343. to 397. King Edwards last Will, and being next Heir to him in blood, not as a Conquerour by war:) Who though after his Ibid. p. 391, 392. Flor. Wigorn, Sim. Dunelm. Ho­veden, Mat. Westm. Mat. Pa [...]is, Brom­ton, Anno 1066, 1067. Oath of Homage, Fealty, and Subjection to William, twice set up, as Heir to the Crown, by the English Nobility in opposition to him, twice routed by him in the Field, driven into Scot­land, and quite left destitute of forces, friends and supplyes to gain the Crown; yet upon his repair to him in Normandy, without any precedent Articles for his securitie, Anno 1069. he not only pardo­ned his former insurrections, but Malm. de Gest. Reg. l. 3. p. 103. gave him a large gratuity, entertained and lodged him in his own Court divers years, allowing him a pound of Silver for his honourable maintenance everie day (a great sum in that Age:) After which when he desired to go into Apulia to the holie wars,Malm. ibid. sim. Dunelm. Col. 213. Brompton, Col. 976. Anno 1089. he furnished him with many Ships and 200 Souldiers: whence he returning after the losse of Robert his chief Commander and best men, though the Emperours of Greece and Germany whom he visited in his recesse thence, honourably recei­ved, and profered to entertain and maintain him in their Courts according to the greatnesse of his birth all his life time;Flor. Wi­gorn. p. 556. Sim. Dunelm. Col. 216, 217. yet he contemning to their proffers, out of a desire to enjoy his native Country, returned into England, where he was courteously enter­tained [Page 53] by William the Conqueror as before, till his death. After which Edgar fiding with Robert Duke of Normandy his eldest Son, against William Rufus the younger: he thereupon Anno 1091. deprived him of all the honours conferred on him by Robert, and banished him out of Normandy into Scotland: But afterwards upon the accord between the 2 Brothers touching the Crown, and peace with Scot­land, he was reconciled to King Rufus, and returned into England, where he lived securely without the least restraint; and was in so great favour with Rufus, Flor. Wi­gorn. p. 464. Sim. Dunelm. Col. 223. Hov. Annal pars 1. p. 466. that in the year 1097. he sent him as Ge­neral into Scotland with an Army to restore his Nephew Edgar Son of Malcomb (who maried Edgars Sister) to the Crown, which his Uncle Dufnald had invaded after Malcombs death, to expell Dufnald, and make Edgar King. Which having effected, he re­turning again into England, lived there quietly without the least danger or restraint all Rufus his reign, and some years under Malm. de Gestis Reg. l. 3. p. 103. King Henry the first, betaking himself in his old Age to a retired private Country life, and dyed in peace, as our Historians then living record. Oh that there were the like Charitie, Ingenuity, Christi­anitie, Piety in the Saints of this Iron Age, against whom these 3. first Norman Kings shall rise up and condemn in the day of judg­ment, when Christ himself will pronounce this heavy sentence a­gainst them for all their pretended Saint ship: Mat▪ 25.41, 42, 42. Depart ye cursed into everlasting fire prepared for the Divel and his Angels, for I was an hungred and you gave me no meat, I was thirsty and you gave me no drink, (no See August. Tom 10. Ser. 21. not out of my large hereditarie Revenues of three Kingdoms, you have forcibly invaded against your Oaths;) I was a Stranger and you took me not in, (no not into my own Protestant Realm, Court, out of which you thrust me by violence, neither would you permit those of Holland and France, where I was a Stranger to take me in, but in­forced them to banish and cast me out after their former entertain­ment of me as a stranger,) I was naked, but ye cloathed me not, (but strip­ped me and mine stark naked out of our Inheritances, Wardrobes, and all we had,) sick and in prison, (into which you cast both me and mine) and you visited me not, yea made it High Treason for any to do it, or so much as to pray for me in this my distressed condi­tion, notwithstanding Gods own Evangelical precepts to the con­trary, 1 Tim. 2.1, 3. 1 Pet. 2.17. Acts 10.5, 12. 2 Cor. 1.9, 10, 11, 2 Thes. 3.1, 2. Rom. 15.30, 31, 32. If the most righteous and charitable Saints shall 1 Pet. 4.18.scarcely be saved in this great day, O where shall these ungodly, unrighteous, uncharitable, and transcendent­ly malicious Sinners (not Saints) appear? O that they would [Page 54] sadlie consider it and repent thereof, as the onlie means to avoid this fatal doom of Christ at the last day. This truth they cannot, dare not deny with their Tongues, but they contradict it by their lives, 'Non contradicunt lingua sed vita. Moneo, rapit; doceo, rapit; praecipio rapit, arguo, rapit. ‘Quomodo non con­tradixit? Si ergo in ignem aeternum ibit, cui dicturus est Chri­stus nudus fui, & non vestisti me: quem locum in igne aeter­no habebit, cui dicturus est, vestitus fui & spoliasti me? Hic fortasse ut evadas hanc vocem, mutata consuetudine, cogitas spoliare Paganum & vestire Christianum. Ad hoc respondebit tibi Christus, immo respondet tibi nunc per servum qualemcunque Ministrum suum: Etiam hic parce damnis meis; Cum enim qui Christianus es spolias Paganum, impedis fieri Christianum. E­tiam & hic fortasse respondebis: Ideo spolio Paganum, ut per hanc asperam & salubrem Disciplinam faciam Christianum. Au­direm & crederem, si quod abstulisti Pagano, redderes Christiano, &c.’ O that our Harpyes and Beasts of prey, (who have obliterated the tenth Commandement out of all their Decalogues as the Papist [...] have done the second) would lay it close to heart, being Saint Augustines 21. Sermon to them, as well as Mr. Prynnes: The ra­ther, because the night before O. Cromwell Pro. died, Mr. Prynne then being at Swainswick near Bath (having never dreamed of him before) dreamt he was dangerously sick at Bath, and that he then sent a special Messenger to him importunatly desiring, he would presently repair to Bath, for he was very sick, and desired much to speak with him: Whereupon (though he never saw him since 1647.) he presently went to Bath: where finding him lying on his bed, he told Mr. P. he was very sick, and had sent for him to tell him what he should do in this condition. Mr. Prynne thereupon forthwith answered, That he could give him n [...] better nor other Counsel than that of Saint Epistola 4 [...]. Tom. 2. See Homil. 50. set. 21. Tom. 10. Peter Lum­bard, sent. l. 4. dist. 16. and the schoolmen on him. Alex. Alensis, sum. Theol. pars 4. quaest 24. mem. 5. Augustine (asserted by all Divines as an undoubted truth) Non Remittetur peccatum nist restituatur ablatum: That there was no remission of Sin with­out full restitution of Rapine: Therefore he must forthwith restore the banished King to his Sodainly ta­kē frō his Son by his nearest Relations and Army-Offi­cers, notwith­standing their proclaiming him his suc­cessor, and all Addresses to live and dye with him; and that with­out one drawn sword. Crown and Kingdoms, of which he bad most unjustly de­prived him; the Parliaments to its just rights, freedomes, and privileges, which he had utterly subverted; and the people to their fundamental Laws, Liberties, Properties, of which he had most unjustly and perfideously defrau­ded them more than any man, against his Oaths, trust, duty, under pre­text of defending them; repent of all the blood he had shed. and mischief he had done; then there was hope of mercy and pardon for him both from God and Men, otherwise there was none at all for ought he knew. At which [Page 55] he standing mute, as much amazed, without any Reply, Mr. Pr. thereupon departed, without more words; and the next morn­ing told this dream to his Sister, and sundry others, telling them he was confident he should hear some strange news of Cromwell very speedily, since he never dreamed of him before; and within three daies after he heard of his death about 12. hours after his dream. O that all other Usurpers of others Estates, Offices, Lands, places, by bloud and rapine, would sadly consider of it, and make real re­stitution of them before they die! then would our peace be soon restored without war or bloudshed: and their souls saved; which else in all probability August. Ep. 44. will be damned, without real restitution when possible to be made.

4. His relieving, interceding for the massacred persecuted Pro­testant Albigenses in Piedmont, charitable Collections for them and others, was a Christian work, worthy applause: But his giving just provocation to Popish Princes abroad, by the Ferdinandus Impe­rator, subegis Austri­am, Bonemiam, Mo­raviam, S [...]siam, Hurgatiam, Palati­natum utr [...]mque, ex lisque Hae [...]eticutum Patriarch [...]s Hus [...]itas, & REBELLIONUM FACES CALVINI­STAS, expulit & pro­stigavit. Agit [...] pri [...] ­cipes generosi, pargit [...] magnis animis, opu [...] foericibus adeo auspi­ciis caeptum confi [...] [...] paribus studi [...] RE­BELLEM CALVINI CHAERESIN paene [...]vulsam STIRPITU [...] UBILIBET ERADI­CATE, ut p [...]tti [...] & pestiferis memb [...]i [...] dissectis, Germania redinteg [...]ati, revales­cere, pristinasque vi­res et robut queat collige [...]e, &c. Cor­nelius Cornelli Jesu [...] ­ [...]. Praes [...]t. 24 S. Tri­ni [...]a [...], Commenta­ [...]iis in M [...]ores Pro­pherus praefix: So [...] Militiere his Victory of Truth. Jesuites instigation, to extirpate their Religion, as a very Seminary of Treason, Sedition, Rebellion; and to massacre, eradicate them as a Company of Tray­tors, Antimonarchists, Regicides, Hypocrites, Rebels, and Seditious persons; from his own and his Confederates Antimo [...]archical prin­ciples, practises, Treasons, Rebellions of this kinde, both against their King, Parliament, Monarchy, their confederated Brethren of Scotland and their King, as being all of one Religion, perswasion; his accommodating the King of Spain with whole Regiments of bloudie Irish Papists, who had embrewed their hands in so much Protestant bloud in Ireland, and were the chief Instruments in mur­dering these poor Protestants; his negligence in examining the misimployment of this and other Collections under him for di­stressed foreign Protestants; the greatest part of which are yet in the Collectors hands, or diverted otherwise. Was in truth but first to kill, wound, plunder; and then relieve them when too late.

5. His Confederacy with the King of Sweden to invade the Kingdom of Poland, and usurp that Crown by force, (without right or colourable Title,) upon pretext to advance the Prote­stant cause, relieve the Protestant Churches & propagat the Gospel there; had some specious shew of zeal to Religion: But to doe apparent Rom. 3.8. evil, that good might come of it; to ingage in such a war to propagat the Gospel of peace, which ended in the total extirpation of all the Pro­testants and their Churches in Poland, whence they are now totally [Page 56] extirpated, as himself related in his Briefs, papers for their over­late relief: and produced a new bloudie warr (wherein he also sided with him) against the King of Denmark, a Protestant King, the Marquess of Brandenburgh, the Dutch, and other our Prote­stant allies, sadly divided against each other, in late bloudy battles by Land & Sea, to the endangering of all the Protestant Churches through­out the world, and engaging them all in a New Warre, and our three Nations (in all probability) against our Protestant Brethren, (now the Popish Kings are reconciled, and ready to destroy us all) being broken in pieces amongst our selves, impoverished, butchered by one ano­ther, rather like savage beasts, than men or Christians; and that in direct pursuance of De Monar­chia Hisp. c. 25, 2 [...], 27. Campanellaes, See his In­structions. Richelieus, and Paulus Windeck de Ex­tirpandis Hae­resibus Antid. 10.11 p▪ 408.412.480. & 244. Hospini­an Hist. Jesuit. l. 3. & l. 4. p. 212, 213, 214. Lud. Lucius, Hist. Jesuit. l. 1. p. 175. l. 2. p. 186, 187, 188. Jo­han. Cambil­honus, de Rebus Jesui­tarum Abstru­sio [...]ib us. An. 1608. other Ie­suited Plots, who expresly write: That the Catholicks are to use all arts and means to divide the Protestants, Lutherans, Calvinists, and Sectaries one from and against each other, by various arts and means, and all occasions laid hold of for that purpose, that they may with more ease oppress, destroy them all; and that they ought not to neglect the opportu­nity to accomplish their utter extirpation when their monies are exhaust­ed, their forces weakned, and they divided by their intestine wars. The best means being thus to destroy them by themselves, till they (like the Kite in the Fable) shall devour the Frog and Mouse together, du­ring their combats with each other; Was such a Machiavilian Policy to advance the Protestant cause, as Mazarine and the Iesu­ites suggested to him on purpose to effect their ruine; as all Wise men, and his own Creatures now over-late discern: and Bedlam Hugh Peters in his Letter to a Great Army-Officer, the 10th of this instant May.

6. His endeavour to bring in the See my 1. & 2. Demur­rer to the Jews long dis­continued Re­mitter into England. Iews with their Synagogues and Iewish Ceremonies, under a pretended hopes of their long-desired Conversion, but real intended expectation to finger Two hundred thousand pounds of their gold at present, and all the rest in fu­ture when transplanted; to set up their Antichristian Judaism, in direct contradiction to our Saviour Iesus Christ; and at the very self-same time, by his printed Declaration 24 Novemb. 1655. and private Instructions to his New Basha's (or Major Generals) to eject, silence at one blow (without conviction, hearing, or the least legal procee­ding) many hundreds of Ministers, Schoolmasters, Scholars of the late Kings party (though learned, orthodox, godly, pious, peaceable, former­ly indemnified and admitted to exercise their functions) and prohibit them any more to preach, marry, administer the Sacrament, pray, teach [Page 57] School in any publike place, or private meeting of any other persons, than those of their own family, or in any Gentlemens houses as Chaplains or Tutors to their Children, under pain of 3 Moneths imprisonment for the first, 6 moneths for the 2d. and perpetual banishment for the 3d Of­fence: And to punish them as Rogues and Vagrants, if they wandred a­broad to begg their bread, on purpose to starve both them, their wives, families, or enforce them to flie into forein Popish Realms, (being ex­cluded out of the Netherlands) and there turn Papists to preserve their lives; when all Priests, Jesuites, Sectaries whatsoever, and Jewes themselves had so much Liberty under him; Was such a transcendent Barbarism, Impiety, and High way to extirpate our Re­ligion, (as pious learned Archbishop Vsher told him when he media­ted for their libertie, and could not prevail, as he told Mr. Prynne and others with tears, which brake his heart soon after) as the Pope, and Iesuites themselves could not have invented the like; and exceeded all forein persecutions against Protestant Ministers in Piemont, Bohe­mia, and Silesia, by Popish Princes, being of a different Religion, but he a pretended Protestant Zealot.

7. His Extending not only his Toleration but real Protection to all Sects whatsoever, except POPERY and PRELACY, and passing the late Bill 1657. (put on by the Presbyterians) against Pa­pists, might savour of some disgust against those of the Romish Religion: But his extraordinary intimacy with Cardinal Maza­rine, Sir Kenelm Digby a most dangerous Jesuited Papist lodged by him in Whitehall, (a chief Instrument of the union between him and Mazarine,) and sundry other Papists, Jesuites, Popish Priests: His suspending all penal Lawes, Executions against Popish Priests, Jesuits, though sometimes taken in their pontificalibus at Masse, and soon after released: His protections under hand and seal to sundry of them, particularly to Maurice Conry, Provincial of the Franciscans in England: Their coming over in greater swarms of later times, than ever heretofore, without restraint, as himself see hete, p. 42, 43. printed as well as declared in his publike Speeches: His endevours to stop the late Bill against Papists the very morning he was to pass it, by his Whitehall Instruments, who moved its suspension for a time, as not suiting with present Forein correspondencies; (against whom it was car­ried by 88. Votes, That it should be carried up with the rest then passed:) With the Copy of his Letter to Card: Mazarine, (in many good hands, affirmed to bee real not counterfeit) excusing his passing this Bill, as carried on by a violent Presbyterian party much against [Page 58] his will; yet it should not hurt them though passed, &c. which according­ly fell out: The large expressions made to those of Dunkirk in his name by their Gov: Lockert, to protect them in the full and free exer­cise of their Romish Religion as amply as ever the King of Spain did: with other particulars of that nature: And his great incoura­ging of all sorts of Sects My Quakers Vnmasked, 1655. And New Discovery of Romish Emissaries, 1656. headed, acted by disguised Iesuits, Priests, Friers, as M. P. hath elswhere fully evidenced: Are demonstrations beyond all exceptions; what an Advancer he was of the true Prostestant cause and Religion.

8. His undermining, subverting all our Fundamental Lawes, Liberties, Properties, (and Parliaments too) in the highest de­gree, by his own and his Army-Officers, Councils, new printed Folio Ordinances, Instruments, Taxes, Excises, High Courts of In­justice, Major Generals Commissions, Instructions, Proceedings, by committing sundry persons Close prisoners (some of them to forein Islands) without any cause expressed, legal trial or con­viction divers moneths, years, by warrants under his own or his Councils hands: His stopping returns of Habeas Corpora, when granted, or removing the Prisoners to new remote prisons: His sei [...]ing, securing the persons, horses, arms of thousands, and bani­shing them from London time after time, upon meer forged Plots, Fears: His disbenching his own Judges for not complying with his illegal will: His oft stiling MAGNA CHARTA, MAGNA FARTA with highest indignation: Committing 3. Lawyers to the Tower at once as Traytors, for daring to argue an Habeas Corpus against his illegal Commitment, and Whitehall Ordinance for Excise in Conyes case (a president not to be paralleld:) his pro­hibiting See his Whitehall Ordinances for Excise and Taxes, 14 De­cemb. & 17 March 1653. May 4. & June 8. 1654▪ & The 1. Part of my Legal and Historical Vindication, &c. p. 66.10 90. all Lawyers, Sollicitors, Iudges, and Courts of Iustice what­soever under him, to plead, act, or admit any proceedings, or legal tri­al at Law against his illegal Ordinances and absolute commands, under pain of his highest indignation: His defrauding most Patrons of their livings and lapsing them, (by his own Ordinances, Instru­ments) into his own hands, refusing their honestest, ablest Clerks, without any cause assigned, and denying them the benefit of Quare Impedits after judgement given upon them by his own Judges. All these are clear demonstrations to Mr. P. beyond con­tradiction; That our Infant Commonwealth both in its birth, growth, progress under its old Guardians, and New Protector, was but the Iesuits, Popes, Spaniards, Mazarines, and our Popish Ene­mies new Creature, and Instrument to ruine our Protestant [Page 59] Church, Religion, King, kingdoms, Laws, Liberties: The very name of Magna Charta it self (for which our ancestors heretofore spent so much bloud and treasure in reality, and we of late only in pretence) being so execrable to our New Free-States men, that in September 1650. it was expunged out of a Petition M. P. drew for Mr. Luttrel, (to save Dunster Castle the habitation of him and his ancestors, from being pulled down over his head before hearing or Notice, by an Order issued for that purpose and put in exe­cution) to Iohn Bradshaw and their Free-State Council at Whitehall, by their Attorney Prideaux order, because it would distast them: and a Great Fart was more savory to Olivers red nose than it: all in pursuance of the Jesuits old Plot: as you have heard out of Watsons Quodlibets: This M. P. shall a little insist on, because of a present design against our Laws now eagerly pursued.

The late Parliament in Exact. Col­lection. p. 7.10.267, 268, 340, 342.376.459.491, to. 495.503.573, 575, 660.665, 666, 825.832.839.907. to. 916.932.951. above one hundred Declarations, Ordi­nances, Orders, Votes, made this their principal Charge against the Kings Iesuitical Counsellors, and the Popish Forces raised by him, a­gainst the Parliament, that they endeauoured the subvexsion and extirpation of our antient fundamental Laws & Government: and that one of the A Collecti­on of Ordi­nances p., 43.98, 99.161.167, 168,, 204, 371.380.417.420, 423, 425.432.451. to. 460.504.513.537, 539.616.623.666.679.877, 878. Ap­pendix. P. 4.15. chiefest causes of their taking up arms and raising Armies against them, was for the necessary defence and preservation of these antient Good old Laws and Liberties, (the Inheri­tance and Birthright of every English Freeman) whereby not only his Maiesties Regal Authority, but the Peoples security of Lives, Lands, Livings, Privileges, Liberty, (both in ge­neral and particular) are preserved and maintained, and by the abolishing, innovating or alteration of which, it is impossible but that present confusion will fall upon the whole State and Frame of this Kingdom: as the whole Parliament of 1 Iacobi ch. 2. expresly declared long since in the Prologue of that Act, the late long Parliament in sundry Declarations; Yea King Charls himself in his Declaration by advice of his Council, to all his Sub­jects, Dec. 15. 1641. Exact Collect: p. 28, 29. his Answer to the Lords and Commons Petition, April 9. 1642. Ibid. p. 140. to their Declaration May 4. 1642. p. 163, 164. and elswhere, the De­fence whereof against invasion, subversion, he made the ground of raising Forces against an Anabaptistical party & faction in the Par­liament, intending to subvertand extirpate them root and branch, as you may read at large: Ib. p. 326, 443, 451, 514, 515, 555, 556, 561, 562, 579, 619. A Collection of Ordinances, p. 28, 38, 39, 116, 117. Yet [Page 60] notwithstanding all these Parliament Declarations and Com­missions in pursuance of them; the Army-Officers, Souldi­ers, by the Iesuits suggestions, have been so farr intoxicated, as to attempt the utter subversion and extirpation both of our Laws (and Lawyers too) for whose defence they were principally raised, in pursute ofHere, p. 42. Father Parsons forementioned design, under pretext of reforming them: though the bare indirect attempt to subvert them in a farr inferiour degree, was adjudged HIGH TREASON in See their impeach­ments, Trials, The Act & Ordinance for their At­tainders, Mr. Pyms speech. Mr. St. Iohns Declaration, & Argument [...]gainst them, [...]nd first part [...]f my Legal [...]nd Historical [...]indication, [...]c. Straffords and Canterburies cases, for which they both lost their Heads AS TRAYTORS, and in the Case of the Ship-mo­ny Judges in the long Parliament.

That they have prosecuted this design in England to sub­vert our Fundamental Common Lawes, and Great Charter of our Liberties, is most apparent by their proceedings in their Mock Parliament, and printed Vote 20 August 1653. Ordered, there should be a Committee selected To consider of a New Body of the Law, and the Government of this Commonwealth: Com­pared with A True state of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland &c. printed 1654. p. 15, 16, 17, 18. which assures us, That there was a strong prevailing party in that Assembly, whom nothing would satisfie, But a total eradication of the whole Body of the Good Old Laws of England, (the Gardians of our Lives and Fortunes) to the utter subversion of Civil Right and Pro­priety, &c. And our two Jesuitical Lilly, and [...]ulpepper. Prognosticators were so confi­dent of it (as if the Stars in heaven had concurred herein with the Iesuites and Anabaptistical Conventicle then on earth) that in their scurrillous Prognostications they predicted the down­fall not only of all our Ministers, and their Tithes, but of our Laws and Lawyers, Prognosticating, in the moneths of Ianuary, Fe­bruary, September, October, and December 1654. That the Lawes & Lawyers of the Nation should be pulled down to the ground; That the Great Charter it self should be called into question with other Liberties, as not suting with English mens brains at this time; Nota. That the Crabtree of the Law should be plucked up by the roots to hinder the future growth thereof; There being no reason we should now be governed by the Norman Law, since the Norman Race is taken away by the same instrument (the sword of Conquest) which brought it in. They are the very words of these false Prognosticators, who have many such like passages in them both before and since. Which, compared with the late spee­ches [Page 61] of many Common Souldiers: That there should be no more Terms in Westminster Hall: That they hoped very speedily to see not only the Lawyers gowns, but the Lawyers themselves hanged vp over the Courts in Westminster Hall, where the decayed Scots coulours hung, to supply their vacant places: That it would be a goodly sight, to see all the Trees in St. Iames's Park hung with Lawyers and their gownes; with sundry such like speeches, since May 6. 1659. All these com­pared together, (with what Mr. Prynne hath frequently heard the Soldiers say during his neer 3. years close Imprisonment under them, and their New Republike in Dunster, Taunton, and Penden­nys Castles) That they hoped ere long to see and leave neither one Lawyer, nor Parish Priest throughout England, Nor yet steeple, steeple-house or Bells, which they would sell, or cast into Ordinance to fight against the Dutch, &c. with some Petitions and Pamphlets now on foot to the like tune; and the Army-Officers fresh Pro­posal, to those now sitting and their Votes thereon; for the reformation of our Laws, &c. Are an infallible evidence to him, that all our former, late, and present cbanges of this Nature, for which this formerly eiected Republican Conventicle is now reassem­bled, are the meer proiections of the All-swaying Iesuits, to work our Laws speedy ruine. It being their professed practice even in other forein Popish kingdoms, to subvert their fundamental Lawes, especially those which concern the inheritance, succession of the Crown, and Liberties of the Subjects; for which take these two Testimonies even from forein Papists themselves. The 1. in that memorable Peece, See Hospini­an Hist. Iesui­tica, l. 3. & 4. speculum Ie­suiticum, p. 119. Ludovi­cus Lucius, Histor: Iesuit. l. 4: c: 5 where it is printed at large & Thuanus Hist: l: 138. Consilium de recuperanda et in posterium stabilienda Pace Regni Poloniae per Iesuitarum ejectionem, presented to the Parl. of Poland, An. 1607. out of which they were soon af­ter banished. Hic autem vos notare velim ejusdem pestis Iesuitici non minorem efficatiam esse in oppugnanda et expugnanda Republica, atterendis Legibus, quoties nempe sentiunt, se ab his, in instituta sua venatione, impediri. Et quod ad Leges attinet, hae politi­cae tineae, Illas praecipue arrodere consueverunt et exedere; quibus jus successionis in regno continetur, Liberiasque et Pax publica firmatur. Which he proves by several presidents of their shaking abolishing the very fundamental Laws of this Nature, in France, Hungary, Styria, Austria, C [...]rinthia, and elsewhere: and that with such success, ut obtritis legibus praedictarum Nationum libertas nitebatur, partem earum penitus oppresserint, partem ad extremam desperationem adigererint: In praedictis Provinciis ali­cubi [Page 62] Illustribus et Antiquissimae Nobilitatis Familiis publice di­em dictum esse intra quem se, aut coram Iesuitarum Tribuna­li sistant, aut relictis patriis sedibus alio migrent. And is not this the sad, desperate condition of many antient Noble Prote­stant Families, Knights, Gentlemen and others, both in England, Ireland, Scotland, and of the Royal Protestant Family, since our late Warrs, Changes of Government, Parliaments, and extirpation of all our Fundamental Laws, Liberties, Properties, by the Iesuits and their Instruments? O let our whole Nation and Republican Members too (once shamefully ejected by those now calling them in) consider, consider, consider this over and over, and lay it close to heart: least closing with the Iesuites now again in this New Convention, Hist. Gallica & Belgica, l: [...]: f. 151, 152. Speculum Ie­suiticum, p. 75.80. The general History of France, in H. 4. and Lewis 13. Ho­spinian Histo­ria, Iesuit. l. 3.153. to 159. Lud. Lucius, Histor. Iesuit. l. 3. c, 2. as they assuredly did in the Old since December 1648. till April 1653. they incurr that sad fate of u King Henry the 4th of France; who after the execution of some and banish­ment of all Iesuites out of France, upon Iohn Castles one of their disciples stabbing him in the cheek, with an intent to murder him; and afterwards recalling, favouring, flattering them by building a stately College for them, entertaining one of them for his Confessor, and bequeathing his very heart unto them, to be interred with them after his death, together with a very large Legacy of Plate and Lands; yet they soon after procured their desperat Assassinate and Disciple Ravilliac to stabb him to the heart, in the open street in Paris, An. 1610. A Just reward for his neglect, con­tempt of his Parliaments timely admonitions in sundry Remonstran­ces presented to him, never to trust or recall them more; and the notable Epigram against the Iesuits, tendred to him by a true Philopater, Anno 1603. wherein there is this memorable passage in relation to their subversion of all antient Fundamental Laws.

Cuinam Hominum ignotum est Iesuitas nocte dieque,
Nil meditari aliud quam qua ratione modove,
Prisca Statuta queant, Patriasque evertere Leges;
Inque locum Antiquis totum in contraria Nobis,
Iura dare; & sanctos privata ad commoda Ritus▪
Fl [...]ctere; nulli unquam quod post mutare licebit? &c.

M. Prynne considering all these particulars, and knowing that this sodain re-assembly of the old eiected Republican Members, now sitting, originally proceeded from the Jesuits projection, solli­citation, and Anabaptistical Sectarian party formerly combining with them, in all their proceedings against the late King, (at whose execution the Nota. Queens own Conf [...]ssor was present in a Soldiers habit, flourishing his sword when his head was off as well as other [Page 63] Iesuits, Popish Priests, overjoyed with that spectacle) the se­cluded Members, the House of Lords, and transformation of our Kingdom into a Commonwealth, to accomplish their remaining de­signs, left unfinished; pro [...]ected in terminis by Watsons Quodlibets, p. 92, 94, 95. & Dialogue, p. 95. Father Parsons and the Jesuites, and violently pursued in the short Mock-Parliament nominated at Whitehall by the Army-Officers themselves, 1653. viz: To eradicate the National Church, Ministers, Ministry of England, Advowsons, Tithes, Glebes, with Parochial Churches, Chapels, as Anti­christian, and leave not one stone of them upon another: Which Iohn Canne (the new-voted Diurnall-man) in his Voice from the Temple, then dedicated to them, particularly excited them to, with all speed and earnestness, as their Generation-work, expected, required of them by God and all the Saints of the Land) To sell all the Crown, Colleges, Vniversities, and Corporations lands yet remaining, to support and pay the Iesuited Army (kept up so long on purpose to ruine, eat us out.) M. Prynne thereupon, held it his bounden duty, both as a M [...]mber, Lawyer, Englishman, and former Patriot of his Countries Liberties, against all Iesuitical Vnderminers of them and our Protestant Religion, truly & fully to discover the same to the whole English Nation, Army, and those now sitting; and to press it home upon their Consciences by this his Narrative, whether they will hearke [...] to, believe, obey it, or not, since he was forcibly se­cluded from doing it by Speech: having sufficient warrant, en­couragement, and protection for it, (as he apprehends) from God himself, Ezech. 2.4, 5, 6. and Jer. 1.18, 19. For they are hard of face, and stiff hearted; Therefore (Son of man) I do send thee unto them, and thou shalt say unto them, thus saith the Lord. And they, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear, (for they are a rebellious House) yet shall know, that there hath been a Prophet among them. And thou Son of man, be not afraid of them; neither be afraid of their words, though briers and thorns be with thee, and thou doest dwell among Scorpions; Be not afraid of their Faces, nor be dis­mayed at their Looks, though they be a Rebellious House. And thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear. But thou Son of man, hear what I say unto thee (and O that all the seduced Army, Republican Members and their con­federates would now hear and obey it too) Be not thou rebelli­ous like that rebellious House. For behold I have made thee this day, a defenced City, and an iron pillar, and brazen walls against the whole Land, against the Princes thereof, and the Priests thereof, and against all the people of the Land (engaged against thee and thy true Good Old Cause) And they shall fight against thee (by sundry [Page 64] scurrillous Pasquils, Petitions, Slanders, Reproaches, and armed secluding Guards) but they shall not prevail against thee. For I am with thee, saith the Lord, (as well now as in all former Engage­ments, Trials for this Good cause) to deliver thée, The assu­rance whereof hath made him so resolute, as singly by himself, to encounter an whole armed Host and House, at once, and throuh Gods blessing to rout them in a manner by his bare presence, and their Good Old Cause in a great measure by his single Opposition: The Ps. 115.1. sole praise whereof he desires to render wholly and solely Ps. 46.7, 11. Ps. 27.1.6 to the Lord of Hosts, and Num. 16.22. c. 27.16. God of the Spirits of all Flesh, and not in any kind or part to himself, Ps. 22.6. a meer worm and not a man, an earthen Vessel; yea one of the weak, base, despised things of the world, and a thing that am not, whom yet God can and may make use of, to confound the things that are mighty, and to bring to nought things that are, that no Flesh shall glory in his presence, and that the excellency of the power might be of God and not of him; who h [...]th promised, that 2 Cor. 4.7. 1 Cor. 1.27, 28, 29. Deut. 32.30. One of his faith­full people shall chase a thousand, and two, put ten thousand to flight, (in a true Good Old Cause and Quarrel) for the Lord their God he it is that fighteth for them as he hath promised. What then might all the secluded Members and old Lords House do, and all the well affected Orthodox Protestants in our three Nations, had they but hearts, wisedoms, courage to joyn their Counsels and endeavours together, (according to their Solemn League and Covenant) to vin­dicate their true Old Cause and Parliamentary privileges, against all inconsiderable Oppugners and Subverters of them.

Mr. Prynne; having neither Wife nor Child to provide for, not much to care for, and never yet desiring any New Office, Ad­vancement or Employment in this present world, nor receiving the least reward for all his faithfull publick services, nor recom­pence for his manifold losses, sufferings, expences for the Publick to whom he hath ever been a faithfull unmercinarie Servant, is in good hopes, that the serious perusal of the premises, will con­vince the Good Old Cause now cryed up, to be a cheat of the Iesuites put upon the Army, (as Hugh Peters apprehends, stiles it in his Letter, the 10th. of this May, to a chief Officer of the Ar­my,) and also wipe of all the Mis-reports, Scandals, Reproaches, Censures, yea acquit him from the heavy charge of Sedition, Muti­ny, Treason, against the Infant House and Republick, cast upon him for his actions or discourses here related, by those who are reallie guil­tie of these Crimes in the highest degree, by subverting our antient [Page 65] Kings, Kingdomes, Kingship, Parliaments, Peers, Privileges, Laws, Liberties, Properties, Oaths, by their Iesuitical plots and innovations, and making a prey of all the publick wealth, Lands, Revenues of the Crown, to enrich themselves, and maintain a seditious Army, utterly to devour the small Remainder of our publick and private wealth almost drained to the dregs; and betray us into the hands of our forein Enemies, when they have left us neither hearts, hands wills, mony, nor means, manfully to resist their invading pow­er, and reduced us to that slavery, as rather to live under any fo­rein Tyrannie, than an Jer. 46.16▪ c. 50.16. oppressing Sword of their own domineer­ing Hirelings. As for the thing they stile Sedition, it is but Calipine, H [...]liok [...], sum­ma Angelica Tit. Seditio. Cice [...]o de Re­pub. l 6. Lu. 23.19. seor­sum itio, when a few confederated Innovators shall seperate themselves from the General body or Assembly of the Kingdom, Chuch, Parliament, House, whereof they are Members, and act a part by themselves, as a di­vided Republick, Church, Parliament, House, without and against the Generalitie, and true lawfull Members, and seperate them from their company. Luke 6, 22. And if this be truth, as See the Ap­pendix to Mr Rushworths Historical Col p. 30. to 40, 41, 42. our Statutes, Lawbooks, Casuists, Canonists, and Historians accord, we shall know in whose Hearts, House Sedition truly dwells. And if Polit. l. 3. & Ethic. l. 8. Aristotle Secunda secundae Artic. 12. & Qu. 11. A­quinas, S [...]mma An­gelica, Tit. Seditio. Angelus de Clavasio, and See the soveraign Power of Par­liaments, part 4. p. 187, 188.192. sund [...]y others who write of Sedition, may be credited; He who disturbs the Rule or Government of any unlawfull Vsurper is no seditious Person, because such a usur­ped Government or Power is not ordained for the commo [...] good, (whatever pretended) but for the private advantage of the Usur­per, Therefore the disturbance of such a Vsurper hath not the reason of S [...] ­dicion; yea, it is to be commended, because it freeth the Gene­rality of the People from a Tyrannical Power usurped over, or forcibly imposed on them against their wills, and it is the [...]surping Tyrant only who truely is seditious, as they all define in direct words. And whether Mr. Prynne and other secluded Members and Lords, being [...]ive times their number, or those who seclude them be seditious, let the whole Kingdome resolve.

Mr. Prynne not knowing whether he shall have the like oppor­tunity again, shall for a Conclusion of this Narrative addresse himself, and direct some things he intended to have spoken.

1. To the Army-Officers and Souldiers, Remember I beseech you in the bowels of Jesus Christ, what your own Army-Chaplain Iohn Sedgewick in his Iustice upon the Armies Remonstrance, from St. Albons, Nov. 16. 1648. and Rebukes of that evil Spirit that leads them in their Counsels and Actions, hath written to them there­in, [Page 66] and to the Lord Fairfax then General, and the General Coun­sel of war, in his Epistle Dedicatorie to them, when they first e­spoused their present Good Old Cause. His words are home and piercing, Destruction you practise, it is your work, it is your end, you cannot see beyond it, and you are hastning to it, it is the center to which you tend, and therefore I cannot but shew it to you, that you may stay your course before the pit shut her mouth upon you. You are full of glorie in the great things you have done, wonderfull thing! a mighty presence of God. But in sum what is it? You have torn a poor sinfull Kingdom in pieces, you have executed wrath upon your Brethren, Friends, and Countrymen, you have laid desolate your Father the King, the Parliament, your Mother, your own Country: This is your glorie to be Executioners, Assyria the Rod of mine Anger, what a Crown is this? Have you restored, blessed, healed, com­forted, saved any? No, You have but plunged the Kindome and your selves into a Pit of Darknesse and Confusion. You drive furiously over the King, Parliament, Laws, Consci­ence, Loyalty, Privileges, so as no human nor sacred thing can stand before you. It is high time to withstand you, for it is not men onlie that suffer from you, but the Lord: Your Sword goeth so deep that it pierceth through his Soul also: You are gone is farre in dissolving the Foundations of Government, that you are come to him who upholds the Pillars of the earth: you reach to the head of Principalities, and Powers; to the Lord who is the Author and Upholder of all these things. He is in these despised broken Ordinances of his, and sensible of eve­rie blow that is given to them: You have digged through the wall of Flesh and men, and through the partition wall that di­vided them from God, and now you are in the bowels of the Lord; these miserable broken Powers are now the Lord. Go on, tear and rend, you will at last look upon him whom you have pierced, and mourn.’ O that you would now do so in good earnest, as you pretend only in your Declaration of May 6. 1659. and Ps. 68.21. yet go on still in your former Trespasses, for which God will wound your hairy Scalps. O consider, that Jesus Christ, whose Servants ye pretend to be, is both a Ps. 24.7, 8, 9, 10. King of Glory, & a Rev. 15.3. King of Saints: That the Gospel you professe is the Mat. 4.23. c. 9.35. c. 13.19. c. 14.24. Gospel of the King­dom, (not Republick) yea, the Mat. 10.7. c. 12.28. c. 21.43. c. 4.43. c. 8.1, 10. c. 16.16. Acts 20.25. Kingdom of God, and of Heaven in Gospel-language: ‘That his Church whereof you [Page 67] pretend your s [...]lf Members, is frequently styled a 1 Cor. 15.24. Col. 1.13. Rev. 12.10. Kingdom, ne­ver a Common-wealth (or at least bnt Eph. 2.12. once, and that not in op­position or contradistinction to a Kingdom, which is the first excel­lentest of all Common-wealths, as Aristot. Polit. l. 3. c. 12. l. 4. c. 2. Heathen Philosophers, Polititians and Devines accord,) but as the verie same with it: That the Saints themselves are styled, the Mat. 13.38. Children of the Kingdom, (not Republick) Rev. 1.9. Companions in the Kingdom of Christ, even in this world; yea a Exod. 19.6. Rev. 1.6. c. 5.10. c. 20.6.1 Pet. 2.5. Kingdom of Priests, a Royal Priesthood; Nay Kings and Priests to God the Father, and that by Christs own constitution. Consider yet further, that Heaven it self, in­to which you expect at last to enter, is ever stiled Mat. 5.3.19. c. 7.21. c. 8.11. the Kingdom of Heaven, 2 Pet. 1.11. 2. Tim. 4.18. an heavenlie and everlasting Kingdom, a Heb. 12.28. Kingdom which cannot be moved, a Da [...]. 7.27. Lu. 1.33. Is. 9.1. Kingdom which shall have no end; (never a Common-wealth;) That in this Kingdom we read of nothing but 2 Tim. 4.8. 1 Pet. 5.4. Ps. 45.9. Mat. 19.28. Rev. 3.21. c. 20.4. c. 9.11. c. 7.9.13 14. Crowns, Scepters, Thrones, Robes of Glory and Ma­jesty, and of 2 Tim. 2.22. Rev. 22.5. reigning in it for ever and ever. That Christ himself hath promised, appointed, and his Father given to all his Saints the Lu. 12.32. c. 22.22. Kingdome of Heaven.’ Upon which account they are now stiled Iames 2.5. Heirs of the Kingdom, and shall hereafter Mat. 25.34. inherit & pos­sesse this Kingdom, receive the Crowns, wear the Royal Robes, sit upon the Thrones provided for them in it. How then have the Enchanters of Rome, Spain, France, so far infatuated your under­standings, blinded your Judgements, intoxecated your Brains, perverted your Wills, corrupted your Affections, seared your Con­sciences, engaged your unrulie Passions, as notwithstanding all this, to make you Bedlam madde, against all Kings, Kingship, Kingdoms, Crowns, Scepters, Thrones, Principalite [...], and Kingly pow­er, as to a abhor, and engage against both the things themselves and their verie names, yea to extirpate them root and branch, a­gainst his expresse Evangelical precepts, word and practise of all his Saints in either Testament, to dote upon such a strange Vtopi­an Common-wealth, and new Freestate, the verie names whereof, much lesse the things, you find not once in Scripture in your sense, and never yet read of in the militant or triumphant Church of Christ. Let Mr. Prynne a little expostulate the case with you, not as a Lawyer but as a Christian. Do you indeed believe the Scrip­ture, to be the very will and word of the Ps. 47.7. Gen. 18.25. Great King, the Sove­raign Lord, and Iudge of all the Earth, and of Jesus Christ, Rev. 5.3. &c. 19.16. 1. Tim. 6.15. the King of Kings, the Lord of Lords, and King of Saints, which you are bound in Conscience, under pain of eternal damnation to believe and [Page 68] obey? If not, proclaim it as lo [...]d to the world with your Voyces, as you do by your Sworde, [...]it. 1.16. [...]ib. 6.9. Actions; and then all will know you in your Native colours, to be no Saints but real Atheists, and all reasonings with you will be in vain. But having [...]cts 26.27. better perswasions of you, [...]al. 6.16. That you believe the Scripture to be the [...]ay 1.24. only rule of your Con­sciences, Iudgements, Lives, both as Souldiers and Christians. Then answer clearlie to these interrogations; The Lord of Hosts himself most peremptorilie and preciselie commands you, To fear God, ho­nour the King, 1 Pet. 2.17. Rom. 13.7. Yea to fear the Lord and the King, (coupling both these together as unseperable) and not to meddle with those who are given to change, Prov. 24.21. How can, how dare you then dishonour, vilifie, reproach, destroy, both your natural Kings, and Kingship too, without the least fear at all of God or the King, and change them into a New Republi­can Conventicle? He commands you to subject your selves to the King as Supream, both by the Ordinance of God and man, and that for the Lords sake: and avoiding scandal to Religion, 1 Pet. 2.12, 13. To be subject to the Higher Powers, and amongst them more especiallie to Kings and Principalities; and that not only for fear of wrath, but for Conscience sake, for these Reasons clearlie expressed: Because they are of God, and ordained by God: Because they are the Ministers of God for your good. Because they are Gods Avengers to punish you, if you disobey, resist, or do evil; Because they who resist them resist the Ordinance of God, and shall receive to themselves damnation, Rom. 13.1. to 8. Tit. 3.1, 2. VVith what face, heart, confidence, conscience, then can or dare you, not onlie not submit, subject your selves to, but ex­alt yon [...] selves above, against your lawfull Soveraign Kings, and Higher powers, so far as not onlie to re [...]ist, but destroy their Per­sons, Powers, Kingships, Principalities themselves though Gods own Ordinance? and that out of pretended Zeal and Conscience too; and hope to receive a Crown on Earth, or in Heaven for it, when as God himself denounceth Damnation to you, for your verie unwarrantable resistance of them alone, and much more for their destruction. God requires you to make Prayers, Supplications, Intercessions, and giving of thanks Tim. 2.1, first of all FOR KINGS, that YOU may live a peaceable and quiet life (under them) in all Godliness and honestie, for this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Saviour. [...]ee Tertui­ [...] Apologia. To make prayers to the God of Hea­ven FOR THE LIFE OF THE KING AND OF THE KINGS SONS, Ezra 6.12, 13. To pr [...]y with all the primitive Church and [Page 69] Saints of God, Psal. 72.1. Give the King thy Judgement O God, and thy Righteousness unto the Kings Son: How can, how dar [...] you then, not onlie neglect these Duties, but prohibit, condemn, punish them, as no lesse than High Treason in others? and not onlie fight, but curse, revile, pray against the King, and the Kings Sons too, and take away their lives, livelihoods, in­stead of praying for them, reputing it both your godlynesse, hone­sty, yea a Duty acceptable, and well pleasing unto God. Isay 1.2. Ps. 114.7. Hear Heavens, and tremble O Earth at this great impietie; God com­mands you Eccles. 8.2. To keep the Kings Commandement, and that in regard of the Oath of God: And dare you against all your Oaths of Fealty, Homage, Supremacy, Allegiance, Protestation, League, Cove­nant, printed Declarations, and your own Propositions 1 August 1647. That the Kings Person (and Royal issue) may be restored to a condi­tion of safety, honor, and freedom in this Nation, without diminution of their personal Rights both abjure, eradicate King, Kingship, and the Royal Posterity;See the True Old Cause tru­ly stated. that you may no more keep nor obey anie of their Superi­or Commands, and prefer the Commands of anie undutifull Ar­my-Officers, (raised onlie to defend the King and Parliament from all force and violences) before both their Ordinances, Proclama­tions, Commissions, Votes, to both their ruines? God injoyns you not to Curse the King no not in your thoughts, & not to revile or speak evil of the Ruler of your People, Eccles. 10.20. Exod. 22.28. Acts 23.5. Tit. 3▪2. And can you, like those wicked Idolators, Isay 8.21. Curse your King and your God, and look upward: and like those unjust, carnal, bruitish Beasts, (made to be destroyed, and reserved to the day of Iudgement to be punished) despise Dominion, speak evil of Dignities, Kings, Kingship, 2 Pet. 2.9 to 14. Jude 8, 9, 10. for which the [...]os­pel it self denounceth, Woe unto you, perishing in the gain-saying of Core, Jude 11. that you shall utterly perish in your own Cor­ruption, and receive the reward of unrighteousnesse, 2 Pet. 2.12, 13. Christ himself more than once enjoyns you in the [...]ospel, To render to Caesar the things that are Caesars, to wit, all his Dues, Tri­butes, Custom, Fear, Honor, Mat. 22.17, 21. Mar. 12.16, 17. Lu. 20.22, 24, 25. Rom. 13.7. how can or dare you then wrongfully forciblie take away and detain from your rightfull King & Caesar, not onlie all these his Dues and Crown-lands too, but his verie Crown & life to boot, & instead of making restitution of them to his Son when he came to demand the fruits of his Fathers Vine­yard, do and say with those wicked Husbandmen in the Gospel, Mat. [Page 70] 21.38, 39. Lu. 20.14. this is the Heir come let us kill him, and the Inheritance shall be ours, and cast him out of the Vineyard. O remember the sad doom which Christ himself and all his Audi­tors have denounced against you for it in these Texts, & Luke 19.27. then tremble at it. If all these Precepts will not affect nor re­form you, Consider, That it hath been the general constant im­portunate desire of all Nations, and Gods own People too, (wherin God himself hath gratified them) to set up Kings to judge, rule them, and fight their battels, Deut. 17.14, 15. 1 Sam. 8.5.19, 20, 22. Ier. 25.18 to 27. For all the people unanimouslie to re­joyce, and expresse their gladnesse, contentment, satisfaction de­light, triumph, at their Kings solemn inaugurations, with Trum­pets, Feasts, Shouts, Acclamations; & to eccho out this unanimous publick Ovation, again and again, God save the King, Let the King live, O King live for ever, and to use the self-same ex­pressions in all their private and publick Addresses 1 Sam. 11.24. 2 Sam. 16.16. 1 Kings 1.25.34, 39. 2 Kings 11.12. 2 Chron. 23 11. Ezra 6.10. Psal. 72.10, 15. Dan. 2.4. c. 3.9. c. 6.6.21. Mat. 21.5.9. And will you be Antipodes to all other Nations, yea to Gods own peo­ple in all Ages, and cry out still with united shouts, O do not save but destroy, crucifie, behead, extirpate, King and Kingship too; away with them, away with them from the earth, let them never live but die, die, and that for evermore? What madnesse, what frenzie is this? When the wicked Iews cryed out to Pilate against our Saviour Iesus Christ, (who was born King of the Iews, Mat. 2.2.) away with him, away with him, crucifie him, crucifie him. Pilate himself used this Argument to represse their furie, 1 Iohn 9.12. to 23. Behold your King, shall I crucifie your King. At which they were so non-plussed, that their Chief Priests had no other Answer but this to evade it, We have no King but Caesar, If thou let this Man go thou art not Caesars Friend, whosoever maketh himself a King speaketh against Caesar: upon which he delivered him over to them to be cru­cified. And when Pilate put this Title on his Crosse, Iesus of Na­zareth, King of the IEWS, the Chief Priests were angry at it, and said to Pilate, write not King of the Iews, but that he said, I am King of the Iews; being all convinced, that it was a most bar­barous, shamefull, inhuman, worse that Jewish act, for any S [...]bjects or people to crucifie their lawfull King, though in a way of Publick Justice; whence the Apostle thus reasons, 1 Cor. 2.8. That had the Princes of this world, (and Iews themselves) known or believed Christ [Page 71] to be their King; they would not have crucified the Lord of Glory, And shall you not prove then far more transcendently impious, treacherous than the worst of Iews, of Mortals; not only in your former crucifying, beheading your undoubted, known, lawfull, he­reditary King, which they abhorred to do, but his Kingly Office and Posteritie too; if you cry still, away with them, away with them, wittingly, willfully, uncessantly, their bloud be on us and our Chil­dren after us; And will not the wrath of God come upon you and yours to the uttermost for this your high provocation, as it did upon these Iews, if you doe not speedily repent of it? 1 Thess. 2.15, 16. It was the loyalty, piety of David, (a Man Act. 13.22▪ after Gods own heart, a gallanter Commander, Souldier, Conquerour, than the best and greatest of you;) when he was persecuted in the Field by his So­veraigne King Saul and his Armie, hunted as a Partridge from place to place to take away his life, and had several opportunities to destroy him without danger put into his hands, and was twice importu­ned by his rude Souldiers, to slay him, or permit them to doe it; that he rebuked this evil spirit and counsel in them, and gave them this Answer, The Lord forbid that I should do this thing unto my Master, Sam. 24.3 to 20. c. 26.8.9, 11, &c. that I should stretch forth my Hand against the Lords Anointed, seeing he is the anointed of the Lord, destroy him not, FOR WHO CAN stretch forth his hand against the Lords anointed AND BE IN­NOCENT: And when the Amalekite brought tydings to him of Sauls death, telling him, that he had slain him by Sauls own com­mand; and presented him with his Crown and bracelets 2 Sam. 4.10, 11, 12. ex­pecting a great reward from him for those good tydings, being for­merly anointed by God to succeed him: He gave him no other answer nor reward but this; How? wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thy hand to destroy the Lords anointed? Thy bloud bee upon thy head, for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying; I HAVE SLAIN THE LORDS ANOINTED. And he called one of the young men and said, Go near and fall upon him; And he smote him that hee died. And David and all the men that were with him rent their clothes, and lamented with a most pathetical lamentation over Saul; recorded for ever in sacred writ, 2 Sam 1.12. to the end. The like reward he gave to the murderers of Ishbosheth his competitor, 2 Sam. 4.10, 11, 12. And can you then conceit you were guided by the holy Spirit of God which dwelt in David? Or that you deserve the Title, of men after Gods own heart, of Saints, of hono­rable, pious Commanders, Soldiers, for speaking, declaring, [Page 72] acting against your K. diametrically contrary to him in all these particulars: and glorying in it as your highest praise, valour, Saint-ship? His tender heart 1 Sam. 24.4, 5. smote him to the quick, for cutting off only the skirt of King Sauls garment privily, (when he refused to offer the least violence to his person, as his Soldiers counselled him) be­cause he had cut off Saul skirt: and will not your Adamantine hearts, (Job. 11.44. harder than the nether Milstone) yet smite you with the least compunction for cutting off KING CHARLES HIS HEAD publickly, and parting not only his Garments amongst you, (as the Mat. 27.35. Souldiers did our Saviours, when they crucified him) but his Crown and King­doms too? After David succeded Saul in his Throne, his Captains, Souldiers, People, were so carefull to preserve his life from the least appearance of danger, 2 Sam. 18.3. That when he would have gone out to Battel against his rebellious Son Absolom, who usurped the Crown: They answered him, Thou shalt not go forth, for if we flye away or half of us dye, they will not set their hearts on us, but now thou art as ten thousand of us; yea they swore to him at another time, Thou shalt no more go out with us to Battel, least thou quench the light of Israel, 2 Sam. 21.17. And when Absolom was slain, All the People were at strife through all the Tribes of Israel, saying, Absolom whom we anointed over us is dead in Battel: Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the King back? Whereupon they earnestly contended who should be the first that should bring back the King, to reinthrone him, 2 Sam. 19.9, 10, 14, 15, 41, 42, 43. And can you then not only professedly go out to Battel against the King himself & Parliament too, against all Parliament-Votes, Ordinan­ces, Declarations, Commissions, by which you were raised, for their mutual defence: but destroy and slay them both, in cold blood, after the Battel ended by a Friendly Treaty, to prevent all accord between them, and instead of bringing the King again to his Royal City, Parliament, Throne, in peace and safety from the Isle of Wight, not speak one word thereof, but bring him only back again, to a most disloyal, illegal bloody execution, & not re­pent of, but persevere in this unparallel'd treachery against his son, even after your anoynted Absolom (who engaged you in these un­saintly, unsoldierly, Un-English Treasons) by the 2 Chron. 13.20. stroke of God himself is dead, and his Son set aside by your selves, through divine retaliation? In few words, can it ever be your honor, glory, as Saints, to be the Instruments, Executioners of Gods wrath and vengeance upon your own Native Kings, Kingdoms, Churches, [Page 73] Countrie, to oppresse, consume, and eat out all their publick, pri­vate Wealth, Revenues, and burthen them with endlesse Tax­es, Excises, to maintain your needlesse, uselesse forces, only to over-awe, Ezech. 21.27. overturn them all, yea our Parliaments, Laws, Liberties, with your own new-modelled Governments, and Governors too, one af­ter another, till they all be brought to total and final desolation? To do the works of Assyrians, Babilonians, Turks, Gothes, Vandals, Isay 10.5.7. Ier. 25.9, &c. the Roddes of Gods anger, his Battel-axes, the staff of his indignation, to shake, destroy Churches, Kingdoms, Nations, Persons, and make them deso­late; yea worse than the worst of these, who never shoke, de­stroyed their own Kings, Kingdoms, Countries, but their forein Enemies or Neighbours, against whom Isay 10.6. c. 7▪ 18, 19. God sent them in his wrath, for their crying provocations, to break them in pieces and tread them down like mire in the Strees? If you repute this your glory, and resolve to persist therein, without speedy and sincere repentance of the mischiefs you have done, consider and read over, over and over again at your leasure, the taunting proverb, severe judgements, divine and final reward, menaced to, inflicted by God himself by an irreversible decree, and irresistable power, upon the King of Babilon himself, his royal Posterity, the City of Babilon, the whole Assyrian Host, Nation, Kingdom, for shaking, destroying, breaking in pieces other Kings, Kingdoms, Nations, and Gods own people too for their sinnes, (as you have served your own Kings, Kingdoms, Churches, Parliaments, Nations, Laws, Liberties, against all Oaths, and Obligations, to the con­trary) recorded at large in sacred writ, Isay, 14.4. to 30. c. 31.8, 9. Ier, 50.1, to 46. ch. 51. throughout. And then sleep quiet­ly in your Beds, and blesse your selves in these your successefull Wic­kednesses if you can; in respect of your present earthly prosperi­ty, or your Posterityes after you. As for your eternal Estate in a­nother World, consider that dismal Text, Psal. 92.6, 7. A brutish man knoweth not, neither doth a Fool understand this: when as the wicked spring as the Grass, and when all the workers of Iniquity do flourish, it is that they shall be destroyed for ever. & Ps. 9.16, 17. It hath been your businesse of late years, and now again, (after your seeming repentance for it in your new Declaration, May 6.) to shut our Kings, Lords, honestest faithfullest Members of the Commons House out of Parliament, and forcibly to seclude them when they knocked for entrance, yea to cast some of them into Hell, and other Prisons for discharging their Trusts, and Mr. Prynne [Page 74] beyond all others. O take heed, that when you shall come to knock at Heaven gates for entrance, and cry Lu. 13.25▪ to 30. Lord, Lord, open unt [...] us, you receive not that Answer recorded in the Gospel from Christ himself; I tell you, I know you not whence you are, Depart from me all ye workers of Iniquity into the lowermost Hell, and ever­lasting chains of Darknesse, where there shall be weeping and gnash­ing of Teeth; when you shall see Abraham, Isaac (yea the secluded Members) in the Kingdom of God, (which no 1 Cor. 6.9, 10 11. Gal. 15.20.21, 5.5. Ps. 15.1.23, 4, 5. Murderers, Rebel­lious Seditious, Vnrighteous Covetous Persons, Plunderers, Traytors, no Pernitious Destroyers, Subverters of Kings, Kingdoms, Parliaments, shall inherit,) and your selves shut out for ever.

You all pretend you are setting up Christs Kingdom, and pro­pagating his Gospel amongst us by your Arms, Swords, Pi­stols, and Army Predicants: ‘But we read in the Gospel, Mat. 26.47, 67, 68, c. 27. to 38.66. c, 28.11. to 16. John 19.23, 24.32.34. That the Souldiers armed with Swords, Staves, Spears, were the only Officers and persons imployed to apprehend King Mat. 26.47, 67, 68, c. 27. to 38.66. c, 28.11. to 16. John 19.23, 24.32.34. Iesus himself, and bring him to justice before Pilat. The only men who stripped him of his own Garments, put upon him a scarlet Robe, then plot­ted and set a Crown of Thorns on his Head, instead of a Crown of Gold, put a Reed into his hand instead of a Scepter, & then mocked, spit in his face, reviled, buffetted, and bowed their Knees unto him in scorn, saying Hayl King of the Iews, and led him away to crucifie him; After which they gave him Vinegar to drink mingled with gall, (instead of a Cordial) crucified him, then parted his Garments; casting lots. After this they set a watch upon his Sepulchre, lest his Disciples should take him thence. And when he was risen from the dead, to smother the truth of his Resurrection; The chief Priests taking counsel together, gave large mony to the Souldiers, saying, Say ye his Disciples came by night and stole him away whiles we slept: So they took the mony and did as they were taught, and this their Lye is commonly reported among the Jews till this day, These things truly the Souldiers did, as the Evangelists re­cord to their perpetual honor. After which Herods men of war and Souldiers (who likewise set Christ at naught, mocked him, then arrayed him in a gorgeous Robe, and sent him to Pilate to condemn, Lu. 23.11.) stretched forth their hands to vex cer­tain of the Church, killed Iames the Apostle with the Sword, apprehended Peter and put him in Prison, where he was guarded day and night with four Quaternions of Souldiers, to prevent [Page 75] an escape, Acts 12.1. to 8 But that ever they did set up Christs Kingdom, and propogate the Gospel by their Swords and Arms otherwise than this, the Gospel it self is silent:’ Yea 1 Chron. 22.8. c. 28.3. God himself in precise terms resolves, ‘That men of war, who have fought great Battels, and spilt much Blood upon the earth, (though against his enemies) shall not be at all honoured, employed in building of his Temple. Yea this is the expresse word of the Lord to Zerubbabel, when Gods House was to be rebuilt, and his Kingdom propaga­ted; not by ARMY, (so the Hebrew and Margin render it) nor by Power, but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of Hosts, is this work to be done) Zec. 4.6. Our Saviour Christ is both the Heb. 7.2. Isaiah 9.6. 1▪ Pet. 4.9. King, and Prince of Peace: his Gospel the Rom. 10 15. Eph. 6.16. c. [...].17. Gospel of peace: his Apostles and Ministers 2 Cor. 5.20. c. 14.32. Eph. 2.17. Ambassadors of peace: and his Kingdom consists Rom. 14.17. in Righteousness and peace. Now nothing is more Isay 59.7, 8. 2 Chron. 15.5, 6. Ier. 4.10, 19, 20. c. 8. 15, 16. directly opposite, destructive to, inconsistent with this Peace, to the King, Prince, Gospel, Ambassadors, and Kingdom of of peace, as Armies, Souldiers, War, Arms: And therfore it is obser­vable, That when our Saviour sent out his Disciples to preach the Gospel, and set up his Kingdom, he did not make choyce of Captain [...] of thousands, or hundreds, nor yet of Souldiers or Ar­med men: but of mean Mat. 10.9.10. Lu. 9, 3. c. 22.35. Ma [...]. 6, 8, 9. Fisher-men, and others altogether averse from war; commanding them in expresse terms, to take neither Gold, Silver, nor Brasse in their purses, nor scrip, nor two coats, nor yet Staves, (much lesse Sword, Pikes, Horses, Pi­stols) nor any thing else belonging to a Souldier, no offensive or defensive Arms, at the most but a single Gen. 32.10. Exod. 12.11. c. 21.19. 2 Kings 4.29. walking staffe, like Travellers, to help, support them: Yea Christ expresly resolves, That his Ministers are and must be no Fighters, no Strikers, nor Strives, (much lesse than professed Warriers) Iohn 18.36. 1 Tim. 3.3 2 Tim. 2.24. They have no Sword, but that of the Spirit and their Mouth, the word of God) and fight with it only against mens Sins Lusts, not Persons Eph. 6.17. Heb. 4.12. Rev. 19.15, 21. Yea when Peter once did but draw his Sword to defend King Jesus against the Souldiers, who came with Swords and Staves to apprehend him, he said unto him, Mat. 26.52 Put up thy Sword again into its place, for they that take the sword shall perish with the sword: Nay the state of the Gospel is so in­consistent with Souldiers, Arms, War, That upon the sincere profession of it, God requires the Professors thereof, to beat their Swords into Plowshares, and their Spears into Pruning-hooks, [Page 76] Nation shall not lift up Sword against Nation, Neither shall they learn VVar any more; but to live in peace with all men, and keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of Peace, Isay. 4. Mich. 4.3. Luke 2.14. 1 Cor. 7.15. c. 14.53. Gal. 5.22. 2 Cor. 13.11. Eph. 4.3. Col. 3.15. 2 Thes. 3.16. Heb. 12.14.’ Never was the Kingdom, Gospel, Church of Jesus Christ promoted, advan­ced in any Age or place by war, & Swordmen; but many See Knolts Turkish Hi­story, Pauli Orosii Histo­ria. The Hi­story of the Albigenses. Churches have been utterly destroyed, extirpated, depraved, corrupted; none ever edified, planted enlarged, much lesse reformed by them. Our present Armie-Saints, and new Military-Apostles by their fight­ing, praying, preaching, fasting, instead of promoting the Gospel, Protestant Religion, and Church of England, have almost totally subverted them, by See Mr. Ed­wards Gan­graenaes. broaching, countenancing, protecting all sorts of Heresies, Blasphemies, Sects, Schisms, Errors, Opinions, Religi­ons, setting up new Conventicles of Sectaries, Seducers in all places, opposing, slighting, traducing the very Church, Doctrine, Ministry of England; the very Function, Ordination of Ministers, by decrying, detaining their Tithes and former maintenance, as li­tigious, Jewish, Antichristian; by swallowing up all the Lands, Re­venues of Bishops, Deans, Chapters, Arch-Deacons, and a great part of our Ministers maintenance by sequestrations, and monthly Contributions to maintain their Army Evangelists, now ready to swallow up the remainder that is left, and continuing in a body for that purpose, by the very Jesuites instigation, who not only professedly teach in their publick University at Madrid, the Art of War by Land and Sea, the making of Guns, Gunpowder, fireworks, all manner of Military Engines, of which they read Lectures, as most agreeable to the Name, Profession of their Martial Father Ignatius, as Relatio de stratagematis & Sophisma­tis Iesuitarum c. 4. Alphonsus Vargas a Spanish Priest records; but boast, Lud. Lucius, Hist. Iesuit. l. 1. c. 7. p. 156. Cornelius Cornelii, E­pist. Com. in Minores Prophetas: And his E­pistle to his Historical and Legal Vindi­cation, &c. That the Gene­ral of the Iesuites, can bring into the Field more Souldiers, of his own order, in a shorter time than any Christian King whatsoever: and like­wise expresly affirm, That their Gopsel and Religion is to be pro­pagated, set up; the Heretiques, and Evangelical Sectaries, who resist them, refuted, extirpated, abolished with Fire Armies, Sword and War, in England & elsewhere, as Iacobus Cruciger (Rector of the Iesuites at Lansperg) in his explication of the Rules of their Order, Paulus Windeck, De extirpandis Heresibus Antid. 10, 11. p. 404, 412, 480. Thuanus, Hist. l. 65. p. 238. l. 66. p. 299. Fran­ciscus Verona. Apol. pro Iohanne Castle. par. 5. c. 13. Hospinian, Hist. Jesuitica. l. 4. p. 212, 213, 214. Hasenmullerus, Hist. Jesuit. [Page 77] c. 1. & Spec. Jesuiticum, p. 61. unanimously attest. O then discern at last whose Gospel, Kingdom, you are now propaga­ting by your Army, Arms, and Westminster Conventicle, not Iesus Christs, but the very Jesuites, his greatest Underminers.

Many of you (especially Millinaries, and Fifth Monarchy-men,) pretend, that Jesus Christ is now comming to reign personally on Earth a thousand years, and that you shall all reign together, as Ioynt-Kings with, or Vice-royes under him. But the setting up of a New Republick and Aristocracy, is wholly inconsistent with this Kingdom and Monarchy of Christ you now expect; which suites only with a Temporal King and Kingdom. How this Opinion will accord with Christs own description of it, John 18. 16. My Kingdom is not of this World, or Pauls, Rom. 14.17. The Kingdom of God is not meat and drink, (nor yet Arms and Armies,) but Righteousnesse and Peace, and Ioy in the Holy Ghost, (which Souldiers, Armies usually destroy, not produce, or propagate) let those who maintain it, consider. When Mr. Prynne was kept close Prisoner in Pendennis Castle by Iohn Bradshaws and our New Republicans illegal warrant in July, 1651. some four dayes after his imprisonment there, divers Officers and Souldiers of the Garrison, who had long debated every day for sundry Months before, their present expected personal reign of Christ on Earth, repai­red to him, to know his Opinion concerning it, as he was taking fresh Air in the Bowling-Alley, standing in a ring about him: Upon which he first demanded their Opinions of it: when they had all fully uttered their Conceits in the Affirmative with much confi­dence; M. Pryn briefly answered, That now they had beheaded one of our Kings, and almost conquered another, and our 3. Kingdoms, they thought, talked of nothing but being all Kings themselves, and of reign­ing personally on Earth cheek by joll with Christ himself, as his Fellow-Kings, no Earthly King being fit to be a Companion for such transcen­dent sublimated Saints as they thought themselves. But they were all most grosly mistaken: for that very Text of Rev. 20.4, 5. (which he read out of one of their Bibles) whereon they principally grounded their Opinions and Reign, was pointblank against them. And I saw the Souls OF THEM THAT WERE BEHEADED, (not of them who took off their own Christian Protestant Kings and Nobles Heads) for the Witnesse of Iesus, and the word of God, and which had not worshipped the Beast, nor his Image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, nor in their hands, and they [Page 78] lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years: (is it not ad­ded on the Earth, and Chap. 22.5. rather proves their reign to be in the New Ierusalem in Heaven.) But the rest of the dead, (who were not thus beheaded) lived not again,) (much lesse then reigned with Christ,) till the thousand years were past. By which it is most apparent, That if Christ shall reign personally on Earth for a thousand years, as they all conceived, and that this time was now at hand: yet not one of them should, or possibly could reign with him, if this Text be Vmpire: For the words are most positive, that none else shall thus reign with Iesus Chris [...] a thousand years, but only the souls of those who were beheaded for the testimony of Iesus Christ, &c. It b [...]ing expresly averred in the affirmative; then in the Negative, But the rest of the Dead lived not till the thousand years were past. Upon which account, the late King, and other Protestants whose Heads they had cut off, and those Godly Christians they had slain, murdered in the Wars; and perchance himself and others who had lost their Ears, Liberties, Estates, and were shut up close Prisoners, for the Testimony of Iesus Christ, and had not worshipped, but opposed the Beast of Rome, his Image, Superstitions, innovations, Proceedings against the late King, Parliament, Religion, nor received the mark of the Beast in their Foreheads or hands, might peradventure reign with Christ a thousand years. But as for themselves and other Army Saints, who made it their businesse, and reputed it their honour, Saintship, to cut off the Heads of their own Christian Kings, Nobles, Brethren; to destroy Kingdoms, Parliaments, & their Privileges; secure, im­prison, close imprison their Members, worshipping the very beast and his Image, and visibly receiving his mark in their Foreheads, hands, by these their Jesuitical practises; keeping up an Army and Iron-Sword still drawn amongst us, to the great oppressing, undoing of their Native Country, of purpose to keep off the wood­en Crosse of Iesus Christ, which he Mat. 16.24. Mar. 10.21. Lu. 9.23. c. 14.27. expresly enjoyned them with self-deny­ing Spirits to take up daily, and follow him, and that other Crosse, their own Consciences tell them, these perfideous, treacherous practises of theirs justly demerit, they could have no ground at all from this or anie other Text to reign with Christ in his Hea­venly or earthly Kingdom, out of which these their seditious, unrighte­ous, and bloody practises did eternally exclude them, as the 10, 14, 15. verses of this very Chapter, Rev. 22.11, 15. 1 Cor. 6.8, 9, 10. Gal. 5.20, 21. resolve. Therefore if ever they desired or expected thus to reign with Christ, they must all presently repent of these their former Ex­orbitances, [Page 79] put off their Swords from their sides, take up Christs daily crosse, lay down their own heads upon the Block, and then willingly chearfully lose them, not for their Treasons and Rebellions, but for the Testimony of Iesus Christ, and the word of God, and opposition of their for­mer treasonable Plots of the Beast of Rome; then they might expect to reign with him, otherwise they had no hopes by the resolution of this Text, and that parallel'd place, 2 Tim. 2.11.12. which excellently explains it; If we be dead with Christ, we shall also live with him; If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: If we deny by him (by refusing to suffer with or for him) he will also deny us. With which words these formerly confident Swordmen were so non-plussed, that they had not one word to reply, and gave over all future discourses of this subject ever since, being as unwilling to lose their Souldi­ers pay or Heads for the testimony of Christ, as the Mat. 19.21, 22. young man in the Gospel was, To sell all he had and give it the poor, to gain eternal life and Treasures in Heaven.

Lastly, consider, That as it is the highest glory, excellency of God himself, the greatest comfort, felicity, security of his Church, Saints, that he is the living God stedfast for ever, Dan. 6.26. That he is the Lord and changeth not, Mal. 3.6. That with him is no variable­nesse, or shadow of change, James 1.17. That he is the same immu­table God for ever, from everlasting to everlasting: That his Counsels, thoughts of heart, purposes, truth, faithfulnesse, commands, loving-kind­nesse, Covenant, stand fast, firm, unalterable to all generations, for ever and ever, Psal. 33 11. Psalm 90.1, 2. Psalm 100.5. Psal. 02.16, 17. Lam. 5.19. Hebr. 8.13. Psal. 110.4. So it is the most transcendent Honour, Dignity, Glory of God the Fathers, and Jesus Christs Kingship, Kingdom, and the chief consolation, exultation, Beatitude of their Subjects and chosen Saints; That the Lord is, and fitteth King for ever; That he is an everlasting King, which reigns and shall reign for ever and ever; that his Kingdom, Domini­on, Throne, are all everlasting, established, and enduring for evermore, for ever and ever, throughout all Generations; that they cannot be moved, and shall have no end, Psalm 10.16. Psal. 29.10. Psal. 92.8. Psal. 45.6. Psal. 145.13. Psal. 146.10. Isay. 9.7. Dan. 4.3, 34. c. 7.14, 27. Jer. 10.10. Mar. 4.7, Lu. 1.32, 33.2 Pet. 1.11. Rev. 11.15. Hebr. 12.28. Lam. 5.19. ‘So also it is the praise, honour, glory of all Nations, Churches, People, Kingdoms, Governments, aud every particular person, both as a man, Christian, Counsellour, or publick Minister of State, to be [Page 80] constant, stedfast, fixed, resolute, immoveble, and unchangeable in their Oaths, Religion, Worship, Faith, Principles, Counsels, re­solutions, courses, when true, just, honest, upright, sincere, com­mendable, and in their Kingly, publick Government, evi­denced by its Antiquitie, the experiences of many successive gene­rations to be beneficial, safe, just, profitable, honorable for the ge­generalitie of the people, and firmlie established by Laws, Oaths, Covenants, prescription, with all other civil and sacred ratificati­ons: as is most apparent by Josh. 24.15, 16. to 28. Psal. 15, 4.1. Chron. 28.7, 8, 9. Prov. 24.21. Psal. 57.7. Psal. 46.1, 2, 3. Ps. 27.1, 3. Jer. 2.11. Rom. 8.35, 36, 36, 37, 38, 39. 1 Cor. 15.58. cap. 7.37. Heb. 6.18, 19. Col. 2.5, 6, 7. 2 Thess. 2.17. c. 3.3. Eph. 6.13, 14. Col. 1.23. Acts 20.24. c. 21.13, 14. Rom. 13 1, 2, 3. 1 Pet. 2.13, 14, 15. Tit. 3.1. 2 Chron. 13.5, 6. c. 11.13, 14, 15, 16, 17. c. 23.1, 2, 3, 4, &c. c. 26.1. c. 33.24, 25. 2. Sam. 7.13, 20, 29. 1 Chron. 17.13, 14, 22. to 28. c. 22.10. 2 Chron. 9.8. c. 21.7. Ez. 37.45. Prov. 29.14. worthy special obser­vation.’ But it is the sinne, shame, reproach, infamy, dishonor, ruin of any Nation, Church, people, kingdom, State, Counsel, person, to be ad­dicted to changes, unstable, variable, unconstant, fickle, mutable, tossed to and fro, backward and forward, upward and downward, this way and that way, like children, fools, reeds, Vanes, weathercocks, empty, clouds, wandring stars, the restless sea and its waves, tossed and turned about with every wind and storme; like wild asses, dromedaries, traver­sing their wayes; or whorish women gadding about to change their lovers, wayes, and doting upon every Novelty or New lover they meet with, as Gen. 49.4. Ps. 78.8, 9, 10. to 40. Ezech. 16.25. to 60. Jer. 2.11. to 37. Pro. 7.11.12. Jam. 1.6.8. Hab. 1.14, 15. Pro. 24. 21, 22. Isay 24.5. Ps. 106.20. Mat. 11.7. Rom. 1.23.25. Acts 28.6. 2 Pet. 2.1, 2, 14. to 22. c. 3.17. 2 Tim. 3.6, 7. Eph. 4.14. Jude 6, 12, 13, 16, 24. resolve. Why then are yon alwayes ringing the changes in our Churches, Kingdoms, Parliaments, Govern­ment, Religion, modelling, unmodelling, chopping, changing, alte­ring, building them up and pulling them down again from day to day, against all Oathes, Vowes, Covenants, Laws, Establishments, Policy, Prudence, Justice, Safety, Settlement, by which you be­come the highest transgressors, Gal. 2.18? Is this to shew your selves Saints, men of God, or prudent Senators or Statesmen? No, no: but to be that generation of spoylers and treacherous men, (no more to be believed, trusted by any, though you speak fair words, nay swear and [Page 81] vow) who have spoiled and dealt very treacherously with your brethren and the House of your Fathers, (who raised, entrusted you for their defence and preservation;) against whom God denounceth a Woe, and answerable retaliation in conclusion: to be spoiled and dealt treacherously with your selves, (as some of you, your new Protector, and those now sitting have been already dealt with, and others who made them treacherous) Is. 33.1. Jer. 12.1, 2, 6. c. 3.4. Yea such Neighbors, brethren as will utterly supplant, deceive, slander their very nearest, dearest relations, whose habitation is in the midst of Deceit; whom God himself commands us to take heed of, and not to trust, for they are all an assembly of treacherous, double-minded men, unstable in all their wayes; empty clouds carried about with a tempest; raging waves of the sea which cannot rest, foaming out their own shame, casting out mire and dirt; wandring stars, to whom are reserved the blackness of darkness for ever, as three Prophets, and 3 Apostles resolve in express terms, Isay 57.20, 21. Ier. 9.2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Mich. 7.5, 6. Iam. 1.6, 7. 2 Pet. 2.17. Iude 12, 13. O therefore now at last repent, repent with greatest grief, shame, horror of this your Treachery, Inconstancy, and Psal. 95.8, 10, 11. harden not your hearts as in the day of temptation and provocation, (Decemb. 6. 1648. & May 7. 1659.) when you erred in your hearts, & wandred out of the way of God, peace, truth, justice, righteousness, honesty, piety, duty, into Isay 59.8. such Iesuitical paths, wherein there is nothing but wasting and des [...]r [...]ction (as God resolves, & all men find by 11 years sad experi­ment,) else he will swear in his wrath, you shall never enter into his rest.

If these Evangelical, Scriptural Expostulations will not per­swade you, to sound a present retreat, & sue out a Bill of divorce from your false Good Old Cause for our future publike safety, peace settlement; M. P. shall then intreat you to believe your own De­clarations: In your last, May 6. 1659. you truly declare to the world That the only wise God in the course of his providence, hath disappointed; all your endeavours, and rendered all (your) means to obviate the dan­gers and settle these Nations in peace and prosperity, VTTERLY INEF­FECTVAL. Will you know the true reason of it? It is because ever since you have interrupted and forcibly dissoved the Treaty of Peace between the late King and his Parliament, Decemb. 6. 1648. you have walked in such crooked counsels, pathes of iniquity, bloud, violence, Treason, destruction, as whosoever goeth therein shall NOT KNOW PEACE, and have neither known nor pursued the true way of Peace; as God himself resolves you, if you dare credit him, [Page 82] Isay 59.2. to 16. which you may do well to study. If you will not believe God, nor Mr. Prynne herein, pray then believe your own selves, whiles in your right senses, before the good spirit of God departed from you, and now pursue that only way to our peace and settlement you then at least 4. times successively prescribed. In your humble Remonstrance from his Excellency and THE ARMY un­der his command, presented to the Commissioners at St. Albans, 25 June 1647. p. 12. these are your own printed words: We doe further clearly confess, We do not see how there can be any peace to the Kingdom firm or lasting. without a due consideration of and provision for the Rights, Nota. Quiet, and Immunity of His Ma­jesties Royal Family and late partakers. And herein we thinke that tender and equitable dealing (as supposing their case had been ours) and a Spirit of Common love and Iustice diff [...]sing it self to the good and preservation of all, will make vp the most Glorious Conquest over their hearts (if God in mercy see it good) to make them and the whole people of the Land lasting friends, The like words, expressions to the same effect you use in your Representa­tion of the Army, 14 Iune 1647. & in your Generals Letter to both Houses of Parliament, 6 Iuly 1647. Declaring it the General sense of all or most of the Officers of the Army, to avoid all Harshness, and afford all kind usage to his Majesties person, Family, aud late Party; as the most honourable, prudent, and Christian way and the most hopefull course, to take away the present and future seeds of Warr amongst us to posterity▪ and to procure a lasting Peace and a Government in this distracted Nation: And in your Proposals 1 Aug: 1647. for The settlement of a firm peace, you have the like expressions again: as Mr. Prynne in his Speech in Parliament, Dec. 4. 1648. (p. 79, 80, 81, 82.) evidenced to the House of Commons, perswading them to pursue this only way of Peace, and not your quite contradictory Remonstr: 20 Nov. 1648. (when debauched by the Iesuits, the only way to unsetlement, tumults, warres, desolation) as experience hath now sufficiently demonstrated. O therefore now at last embrace, pursue this true and only way to safety, peace, settlement by your own qua­druple Resolutions: and then we shall soon have peace, quietness safety, and assurance for ever.

Mr. Prynne having thus discharged his Conscience towards the Army-Officers and Swordmen; the Primum mobile of all our late, pre­sent motions and commotions, wheeling about all the rest, he [Page 83] shall in the second place addresse himself to their subordinate, se­lected Westminster Conventicle, now sitting under their force and lure, to act, vote what they prescribe them; forcibly Lu. 6.22. separating their old fellow Members from their company; and himself above all others, who hath lost, suffred, spoken, written, acted more from time to time for God, Religion, Laws, Liberties, Properties, Par­liaments, and their privileges, against all Iesuitical underminers, than all of thē put together, notwithstanding all discouragements, ingrate requitals from them and others. He shall only desire them in relation to the old and newly secluded Members, to answer that one expostularie Text, Mal. 2.9. Have we not all one Father? Hath not one God created us? (yea one Mother, Church, Countrey engendred, nourished, entrusted us all alike:) Why then doe ye deal treacherously every man against his brother by prophaning the Covenant of our Fathers? As for your New erected, revived Re­publike, you so much dote on; 1 Cor. 4.8. Wherin ye have reigned as Kings without (yea against) us, and we would to God ye did reign, that we also might reign with you; He shall desire you for your own, our Churches, Religions sake, safetie, honour, to consider its Papal, Jesuitical, Antichristian, Spanish, French originals, and its sad ef­fects, to their advantage, and the ruine of our Religion, alrea­die discovered, which you cannot gain say: To weigh his former expostulations with the Army-Officers, Soldiers, and these few Scriptural (to omit manie other Political, Historical considera­tions, beyond all refutation, and more to be valued than all Po­liticks of carnal heads or hearts,) to enamor you again with he­reditarie Kings and Kingship, which you have so rashly, brutishly, perfidiously abjured, out of meer self-ends and interests, having not the least syllable in Scripture to justifie either the forcible bloudie manner of erecting, new modelling your Illegitimate Com­monwealth, or your adopting it in the place of our old Kingdom and Kingship.

First of all consider, that as Jesus Christ himself is a King by birth and inheritance, Mat. 2.2. Lu. 1.32, 33. So it is also his supre­mest, royallest Title, Attribute in the very Gospel, that hee is Dan. 2.47. Col 1.16, 17. c. 2.10. 1 Tim. 6.15, 16. Rev. 17.14. c. 19.18. Eph. 1, 21. King, & Lord of Kings, Lord of Lords, the Prince of the Kings of the Earth, and the head of all Principalities and Powers: Now the abolishing of Kings, kingship, Princes, Lords, divests Je­sus Christ himself of these his most royal Titles and Soveraigntie; Because he is thus stiled only in relation to earthly Kings, Prin­ces, [Page 84] Lords, who rule and reign over Kingdoms, Nations, by, for, through, under him, as his Ministers, Officers, Viceroyes, Deputies, and are appointed, commissioned, accountable to, judged, remo­ved by him alone; as subordinate Kings were by the Emperors, Kings of Babylon, Assyria, Parthia, and our Edgar, who were stiled King of Kings, because Kings were Subjects to them, held their Crowns by, from, and under them, and did homage to them as their Sub­jects, as you may read at large in Mr. Seldens Titles of Honour, part 1. ch. 3. sect. 2. and Dan: 2.21. 37, 38.47. c. 17.25. ma­ny of these Kings losing this Title of King of Kings, when their sub­ordinate Kings and kingdomes revolted, ceased, or escheated into their own hands: In relation to these Titles of Christ, it is ex­presly prophecied, Ps. 72.10.11. The KINGS of Tarshish, and OF THE ISLES shall bring presents, (principally intended, verifi­ed of this our Island of Great Britain, which Bp. Vshers [...]ccles. Brit. [...]ntiq. c. 3, 4, [...] 6, 7.8. Spel­ [...]anni Concil. [...]om. 1. & E­ [...]st. Ded. to Fox Acts & [...]on. in H. 8.6. Qu. Eliz. their Sta­ [...]es to this [...]pose. had the first Christian King we read of in all the world, Lucius; the first Christian Queen, Helena; the first and most glorious Christian Emperor, Consiantine the Great; the first Christian King who opposed, abolished the Popes Supremacie, Henrie the 8. the first Protestant King who by publike Acts of Parliament abolished both the Pope and Poperie, and established the reformed Protestant Religion; & the first Pro­testant Queen who did the like; to wit, King Edward the 6. and Queen Elizabeth; and more devout pious Kings, Queens, martyred for religion, canonized for SAINTS, and reputed such in the Chur­ches of Christ and Kalendars of Saints, than anie other Kingdom or Countrie in the world, how great or populous soever, as our own and forein Histories record to our immortal Honor.) It then fol­lows, the Kings of Sheba & Seba shall offer gifts: yea, ALL KINGS shall fall down before him (in way of adoration, & by their president and leading example) all Nations (under them) shall serve him. How can, how dare you then abolish Kings, Kingship, Lords (espe­cially in our Island) without committing the highest Treason, not only against our Kings and Lords; but the Lord Jesus Christ the King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, Since REGNUM ANGLIAE EST REGNUM DEI, & IPSE SIBI REGES PROVIDEBIT: as our [...]almsb. de [...]stis Regum c. 13. Mat. [...]stm. Anno 5. Poly­ [...]on. l. 6. c. 18 [...]. Dunelm 136. [...]mton, col 955. A el­ [...]s, de Vita [...]irac. Edw. [...]fess. Historians inform us:) And can you [...] 9.19. r. 10.22. resist his power with all your armed forces? are you stronger than he, when he shall enter into judgment with you for depriving him of these Titles?

2ly. Consider, It is Gods special promise, covenant made to Abraham the Father of the Faithfull, Gen: 17.6. I will make thee [Page 85] exceeding fruitful, I will make Nations of thee, & Kings shall come out of thee; And his extraordinarie blessing on Sara, v: 16. I will bless her, & she shall be a Mother of Nations, & Kings of People shall be of her. 3ly, It was Iudah his blessing, Prerogative, Gen. 49.8.10. Thy Fathers children shall bow down before thee: The Scepter shall not depart from Iudah, nor a Law-giver from between his feet until Shi­loh come. 4ly, When Balaam prophecied of the happiness & prosperi­ty of Israel, he useth these as the highest expressions thereof, Num. 23.21. &c. 24.7. The shout of a KING is among them: and his KING shall be higher than Agag, and his Kingdoms shall be exalted: 5ly, It is recorded by the Spirit of God, 2 Sam: 5.12. David per­ceived, that the Lord had established him King over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israels sake. And when God (after he made him King over them) had promised by the mouth of the Prophet Nathan, 2 Sam: 7.10. Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more, neither shall the children of wick­edness afflict them, as before time, under their Iudges: How did God effect this promise? but by establishing an hereditarie kingdom amongst them in David, during his life, whom he caused to rest from all his Enemies round about: And when thy dayes be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy Fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and will establish his Kingdom; And thine House and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee, and thy Throne shall be established for ever, Ver: 11, 12, 16. How much holy David was transported, yea ravished with this News from heaven, and with what enlargement of Spirit he blessed God for, and prayed for the accomplishment of it, as the greatest blessing and confirmation of his people Israel by God himself, v: 23, 24, and the highest honor, blessing, to his own house, you may read to the end of the Chapter. Thus again amplified by him in his Speech to his Princes, to his Captains of thousands, of hundreds, Officers, and other mighty men, 1 Chron: 28.4. to 10. The Lord God of Is­rael chose me before all the house of my Father to be King over Israel for ever; and he hath chosen Iudah to be Ruler, of the house of Iu­dah the house of my Father; and among the sons of my Father he liked me, to make me King over all Israel; and of all my sons he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the Throne of the Kingdom of the Lord over Israel. And he said unto me, I will be his Father; More­over I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to doe [Page 86] my commandements and my judgements, as at this day. Now there­fore in the sight of all Israel, the congregation of the Lord, and in she audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandements of the Lord your God, that you may possess this good Land; and leave it for an Inheritance for your children after you for ever. An heredi­tarie Kingdom being the chiefest means and blessing under God to preserve the inheritances not only of the Princes, Nobles and mightie men, but even of Colonels, Captaines, and Souldiers themselves, in Gods and Davids computation; who lost all they had, by 2 Kings 17.20, 21, 22, 23. forsaking their lawful Hereditarie Kings, and were carried into captivitie. 6ly, The accomplishment of this Promise to David, & his seed, was reputed an extraordinarie blessing to the Israelites, not only by King David, Solomon, God himself, the people of Ieru­salem and the whole Land, as you may read in the 1 of Kings 1.36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48. c. 2.4.12. c. 3.6, to 15. c. 8.20, 25, 26, 27. worthy perusal: but even by foreign Kings and Queens: Witness that memorable Letter of Hiram King of Tyre to Solomon, 2 Chron. 2.11, 12. Because the Lord hath loved his people, he hath made thee King over them. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel that hath made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the King a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding, that might build an House for the Lord, and an house for his kingdom. And that speech of the Queen of Sheba to him, 1 Kings 10.9. 2 Chron: 9.8. Blessed be the Lord thy God which delighteth in thee to set thee on his Throne to be King for the Lord thy God: Because the Lord thy God loved Israel to establish them for ever, there­fore made he thee King over them to do Iustice and Iudgement. And the Lord magnified Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed such royal Majestie, Honor, and such riches on him and his people too, as had not been bestowed on anie King or people before him, 1 Chron: 29.25, 28, 30. 2 Chron: 1.9. to the end. Chap. 9.9. to 30. Neh. 13.26. 7ly, God himself records by King Solomon, Prov. 20.8.26. A King that sitteth in the Throne of Iudg­ment scattereth away all evil with his eyes, and bringeth the wheel over the wicked, Prov: 29.4.14. The King by Iudgement stablishe [...] the Land; Yea the King that faithfully judgeth the Land, his throne shall be established for ever: And he resolves definitively against all Opponents, Eccles. 10.17. Blessed art thou o Land, when thy King is the son of Nobles. 8ly, God himself doth specially promise the Succession and Continuance of Hereditarie Kings [Page 87] and Princes as a blessing, reward to his people for their obedience to his Commandements, and chief means of their perpetual con­tinuance in houour, peace and prosperity, Jer. 17.24, 25, 26. &c. 22.4. And it shall come to passe, if ye diligently hearken unto me saith the Lord, to hallow the Sabbath day, and do no work thereon, then shall there enter into the Gates of this City, (mark it) Kings and Prin­ces sitting upon the Throne of David, riding in Chariots, on Horses, they and their Princes, the men of Iudah, and the Inhabitants of Je­rusalem, and this City shall remain and flourish for ever.

9ly. It is very remarkable, that though divers of the heredi­tarie Kings of Davids posterity were verie wicked and idolatrous, yet God himself (though 1 Tim. 6.15. Dan. 2.21. c. 4.25, 35, &c. King of Kings, who setteth up Kings, and pulleth them down, and disposeth of the Kingdoms of the earth to whom soever he pleaseth) by reason of his Oath and Covenant made to David, would neither remove, nor disinherit them, thongh he did very sorely afflict and punish them for their iniquities, Ps. 89, 3, 4, 20. to 38. 2 Sam. 7.11. to 18. 1 King. 11, 12, 13, 39. Of this we have a memorable Scripture-Presidents 1 King. 15.3, 4, 5▪ Ahi­jam King of Iudah walked in all the sins of his Father, which he had done before him, and his heart was not perfect before the Lord his God, as the heart of David his Father. Nevertheless for Da­vids sake did the Lord give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his Son after him, and to establish Ierusalem; Because David did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, So 2 Chron. 21.5, 6, 7. Jehoram reigned 8 years in Jerusalem, and he walked in the way of the Kings of Israel, like as did the House of Ahab, for he had taken the Daughter of Ahab to wife, and he wrought that which was evil in the sight of the Lord. Howbeit the Lord would not destroy the House of David, be­cause of the Covenant he had made with David, and as he 2 Sam. 7.12. 1 Kings 11, 36. 2 King. 8.19. Psal. 132.11, 12, 13, 14. pro­mised to give a light to him and to his Sons for ever▪ Which Texts compared with Psal. 131.11, 12, 13, 14. infablibly ratifie these thtee conclusions. 1. That as Gods Covenant and Oath made to David, and his Royal Posteritie, did not determine by Davids death, but extended to all his Posterity after him; so our Oaths of Fealty, Supremacy, Allegiance, and Solemn League and Covenant, made to the late King, his Heirs & Successors in precise terms, determined not by his death, but remain to his Royal Posterity, and are perpetually to be performed to them, uuder pain of highest perjury, guilt, punish­ment, as is most apparent if compared with Gen. 50.25. Exod. 13.19. Josh. 24.32. Josh. 9.15, 18, 19, 20, 21. 1 Sam. 20, 16, 17, [Page 88] 23, 42, c. 24.21. 22 2 Sam. 9.1, 3, &c. c. 21.1. to 10. 2ly. That the Sinnes and wickednesses of Davids posteritie, did not cause God himself to break his Oath and Covenant with them, or jn­dicially to deprive or disinherit them of their Crowns and King­dom, contrary to his Oath and Covenant, which he held inviolable and immutable, Ps. 89.3, 4.34. Psal. 132 11, 12. Heb. 6.17, 18. Much lesse then may we or any other Subjects, who are but men infringe our Oaths, Covenants to our sacred hereditarie Kings and their posteritie for their sinnes or wickednesse, nor disinherit thē of their Crowns, Scepters, Lives, Realm, Ps. 15.4. Ec. 8.2. 3ly. That a hereditarie succession of Kings in the Royal Line, though many of them be wicked, is yet a special means ordained by God for the establishment, peace, perpetuity of their kingdoms and peo­ple: which else would be unsetled, distracted, consumed, destroyed by civil wars, distractions, and Usurpers of the Crown, destroying, murdering one another, as the kindom of Israel was after the revolt of the ten Tribes from the house of David, whose See Bishop Vshers Annal. vet Te [...]t. p. 132. heredita­rie kingdom continued at least 134 years after the total destruction & captivity of the Kingdom of Israel: whose revolt from the House of Da­vid produced nought else but a Succession of very wicked, idola­trous Kings and Usurpers, endlesse wars, miseries, publick Idolatry, Apostacie from God, all sorts of Sins, rapines, and perpetual Capti­vity, as the books of Kings and Chronicles resolve, especially 2 Kings. ch. 17. In which revolt and rebellion, it is observable, that all the Priests and Levites, and all the Godly men throughout the revolting Tribes of Israel, who set their hearts to seek the Lord God of Israel, left their possessions and went to Ierusalem, and strengthened the kingdom of Rhehoboam the Son of Solomon against the Vsurper Ieroboam, as the Scripture records for their honour, 2 Chron. 11.13, 14, 15, 16. 10ly. Upon this verie reason God himself records, that when 2 Chron. 23.2 Kings 11. Athaliah had slain all the seed Roy­al but Ioash, and usurped the Royal Throne for six years space, Ioash being but an Infant, Iehojadah the High Priest hid him from this Usurper till he was seven years old, and then entring into a Co­venant with the Captains of Hundreds, Rulers, and Levites, they all assembled at Ierusalem, & entred into an Oath and Covenant, That the Kings Son should reign as the Lord hath said of the House of David. ‘Upon which they presently brought out the Kings Son, Crowned, and anointed him their King, and said, God save the King. ‘Which Athaliah the Vsurper hearing, run out [Page 89] to the people, and cryed, Treason, treason; upon which Iehoja­dah the Priest commanded the Captains of the Host presently to seize upon her, and cary her out of the Temple, and slay all that should follow her; whereupon they laid hands on her, and carried her forth and slew her: After which Iehojadah made a Co­venant between the King and the people, that they should be the Lords people▪ and all the Captains, Governors, Nobles, and people of the Land brought down the Kings Son from the House of the Lord to the Kings House, and set the King upon the Throne of the kingdom. And all the people of the Land rejoyced, and the City was quiet, after that they had slain Athaliah with the Sword, 2 Kings, 11.4 &c. 2 Chron. 23.’ This 2 Chron. 24, 25, 26. c. 25.1, 2, 3, 4. 2 Kings 14. to 7. Ioash being afterwards slain by the conspiracy of his Servants against him, Amaziah his Son, reigned in his stead by hereditarie Succession, who when he was established in the kingdō slew his Servants that had slain the King his Father, but not their Children, according to the Law of Moses. After this 2 Chron. 33.20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25. 2 Kings 19 to 26. Ammon the Son of Manasses succeeding his father, worshipping his Idols, following his Sinnes, and trespassing more and more without humbling himself; his Servants conspired against him, and slew him in his own House. But the People of the Land slew all that had conspired against King Ammon, and made Josiah his Son King in his stead, (not disinherited him for his Fathers and Grand-Fathers crying Sinnes,) as the only means ordained by God for their safety, peace and settlement Which sacred Presidents of Gods own registring, and his peculiar peoples making in obedience to his Commands, for our imitation in like cases, are a more real, sa­cred means to our present peace, safety, establishment, than any the Army-Saints, Sectaries, Iesuites, and Westminster Conclave can prescribe, and the Parliament, Statute of 27 Eliz. c. 1. have declared, enacted it to be legal, as well as scriptural. 11ly. When God himself promised restitution from Captivity, and resettle­ment, re-establishment to his people, he doth it by promising the restitution of their lawfull hereditary King and kingdom to them, and the re-uniting of their kingdoms (formerly divided by rebellion against, and revolt from the House of David and here­ditary Royal line) into one, Mich. 2, 13. c. 48. Their King shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them, even the first Dominion, the Kingdom shall come to the Daughter of Jerusalem. Zech. 9.9. &c. Rejoyce greatly O Daughter of Zion, behold thy King cometh unto thee: be is just and having Salvation, &c. and his Dominion shall [Page 90] be from Sea to Sea, and to the end of the Earth, Isaiah 32.1, 2. Be­hold a King shall reign in Righteousnesse, and Princes shall rule in Iudgement; And he shall be as a hiding place from the wind, and a Covert from the Tempest, as Rivers of Water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great Rock in a weary Land, Ezech. 37.22, 24. And I will make them one Nation in the Land, upon the Mountain of Israel, and one King shall be King to them all, and they shall be no more two Nations, neither shall they be divided into two Kingdoms any more. And Da­vid my Servant shall be KING over them, they shall all have one Shepheard over them: they shall also walk in my Judge­ments, and keep my Statutes, and do them. And they shall dwell in the Land that I have given to Iacob my Servant, even they and their Children, and their Childrens Children FOR EVER, and my Servant David shall be their Prince for ever. Which is likewise repeated and amplyfied Ezech. 39.23, 24. Zeph. 3.13, 14. Jer. 23.4, 5. c. 33.14, 15, 16. Which Texts, though mistically meant of our King and Saviour Jesus Christ, heredi­tary Son of David, according to the flesh, sitting upon his Fathers Throne, and ruling for ever over his mystical King­dom and Church, as is evident by comparing them with Isay 9. 6, 7, 8. Dan. 7.27. Lu. 1.32, 33. yet since King David, Solo­mon, and other pious Kings of Israel, and their hereditary king­dom, were types of our Spiritual King Iesus, and of his everlasting, spiritual kingdom, And Christ Jesus under the very Title, Name, Notion of an hereditary King alone (not of an Optimacy, Oligar­chy, Popularity, Democracy, or elective King) is thus prophesied to be a Saviour, Redeemer, Restorer, Establisher, Preserver, De­fender of his captivated, oppressed, inthralled, dissipated, divi­ded, unreformed Subjects, Kingdom, Church, People; and his perpetual prese [...] with and reign over them, is made the only ground of the restauration, unity, felicity, prosperity, safety, perpetuity of his kingdom and people, as David, Solomon, and other good Kings of Israel were to their Subjects during their successive Reigns: and seeing Christs mistical Church and Saints, are alwaies thus stiled his Kingdom, a Kingdom, but never a Free-State, or Common-wealth, at least but once, Eph. 2.12. the only Text throughout the whole Bible, where this word is men­tioned in any kind, and that not in opposition, or contradi­stinction to a Kingdom, but as the very same thing with it, (as [Page 91] our Kingdom in 9 E. 2. c. 8. Mar. ses. 2. c. 7 H. 7. c. 1. some Statutes in stiled a Common-wealth) as being the Aristot. Pc lit. l. 3. c. 12. l. 4. c. 2 I, Case Sphaera Civi­tatis l. 3. c. 5. [...] 238. l. 4. c. 3. [...] 324. excellentest, honourablest, durablest, freest, happiest, of all other forms of Republick, under which general name it is comprised: It thence infallibly follows, that an hereditary Kingship, kingdome, is the best, happiest, durablest, securest, honourablest, desireablest of all other Governments whatsoever, being the verie Government of Jesus Christ himself, who according to the flesh was born King of the Iews, and sits upon the Throne of David his Father, Mat. 2.2. Lu. 1.32, 33. and was not chosen King by his Saints, like an E­lective King; but elected them to be his Subjects; as he expreslie re­solves, Iohn 15.16. 1 Pet. 1, 2.9. Rev. 17.14. And that the re­stitution of this our antient Kingly Government, (not of a new Jesuitical, Spanish; Outlandish Republick) is the true and only way to our restauration, redemption, peace, settlement, safetie and future prosperity; as the Parliament and most excellent preamble of the Statute of 25 H. 8. c. 22. (worthy perusal) resolves. Wherin after many long intestine civil wars for the Title, successi­on of the Crown, and Soveraigntie of our Realm, The Nobles and Commons assembled in Parliament, calling to mind, That the unity, peace, and wealth of this Realm, and the Succession (and Inheritance) of the Subjects in the same, most specially and principally above all worldly things, (let our Republicans, and Westminster Juncto observe it well) consisteth and resteth in the certainty and surety of the procreation and posterity of the Kings Highness, in whose most Royal person at this present time is no manner of doubt nor question, (as the Statutes of 1 Iac. c. 1, 2. resolve, there was none at all in King Iames or King Charles) did thereupon by this special Act, and a strict Oath, declare aad establish the surety, title or succession of the Grown of Eng­land in him and his Heirs for ever, upon which dependeth all our joy and wealth, as they more at large expresse. 13ly. God himself in direct terms declares, that it is a matter and badge of honour and prosperity for any Nation to be advanced from a Commonwealth or Principality into a Kingdom, Ezech. 15.13, 14. Thou didst prosper into a Kingdom. And thy renown went forth among the Heathen for thy beauty, for it was perfect through my come­lynesse, which I put upou thee saith the Lord: which compared with Rom. 13.1. Let every Soul be subject to the Higher Powers, for there is no Power but of God, the Powers that are are ordained of God, Col. 1.16. For by him are all things created that are in Hea­ven, [Page 92] and that are in Earth, visible or invisible, whether they be Thrones or Dominions, or Principalities, all were created by him, and for him Tit. 3.1. ‘Put them in mind to be subject to Principalityes and Powers, to obey Magistrates, 1 Pet. 2. 13, 17. Submit your selves to every Ordinance of Man, for the Lords sake, whether to the King as Supream: Fear God, Ho­nour the King;’ are infallible demonstrations, That as king­domes and Kings are of Divine institution and planting, so they are reputed, instituted by God and Jesus Christ, as the most pro­sperous, happyest, divinest, honourablest, supreamest of all o­ther forms of Government and Governors whatsoever, created by and for Iesus Christ, and have been the very Governments and Governors alone, in and by which he hath precisely promi­sed, declared, that he will most advance his own Spiritual King­dom, Church and Glory, (as is undenyable by Worthy se [...]ious particu­ [...]ar perusal. Ps. Ps. 102.22. 2 Kings 19.19. Isay. 37.20. Rev. 11.15. Psal. 2.10, 11. Psal. 68.29. Psal. 72 10 11. Psal. 102. 15. Psal. 138.4. Ps. 144.10 Ps. 148.11. Ps. 149.8. Isay 49.7, 13. c. 52.15. c. 60.3, 10, 11, 16. c. 62.2. Rev. 21 24.) the expresse lively Images of Christs own Spi-Spiritual Kingdom, Kingship, on whose Throne alone they sit, as his Vicegerents, 2 Chron. 9.8. Col. 1.16 and therefore are stiled Kings, Kingdoms, not Optimacies, or Republicks) yea not only Kings but Gods, and Gods Anointed, as well as Christ himself, Exod. 22.8. Iosh. 22 22. Ps. 82▪ 1, 6. Iohn 10.34. 1 Cor. 8.5. 2 Sam. 12.3, 5. c. 22 52. Psal. 20.6. Isay 45.1. Lam. 4.20. 1 Sam. 16.6. c. 24.6, 10 c. 26.9, 11, 1, 23 2 Sam. 19.21. 14ly. ‘God himself in sundry Scriptures positively declares, and de­nounceth the plucking up or rooting out of a Kingdom, and ma­king it no Kingdom, or a base or viler Kingdom than it was be­fore; and the leaving of an antient Kingdom without a King, or hereditary Successor or Heir to sway the Scepter, to be a most severe, sad, grievous Iudgement and Punishment on them for their crying, hainous offences and Sinnes against him; yea an immediate concomitant or Forerunner of their utter desoiation, & a matter of present and future lamentation, not of a mercy, blessing, or cause of rejoycing, as our seduced Bedlam-Republicans, Army-Saints, and Pseudo-Politicians repute it, as all these Texts infallibly resolve, Judg. 17.6, &c. c. 18.1. &c. c. 17.1. &c. c. 21.25. Hos. 3.4. c. (a notable Scripture) Is. 9.2, 11, 12. c. 7.16. Amos, 14, 15. c. 2, 2.5. &c. Mich. 4.9.10. [Page 93] Jer. 17.25.27. c. 22.5. to 30. c. 25.8. to 38. Ezech. 19.14, 15. (a signal Text) c. 17.12, 13, 14. c. 29.14, 15. Lam. 1.6. c. 2.6.9. c. 4.20. c. 5.16. Hab. 1.10.14, 15. Nah. 3.17, 18, 19. Hag. 2.22. Ezech. 21.26, 27. Against which Scriptures (worthie your particular perusal) no one Text can be produced, to prove it a blessing, benefit, honor to any kingdom or Nation whatsoever.

15ly As for your new magnified Common-wealth and Aristo­cracie, preferred by you before our Kings and Monarchie,

1. Consider that of Prov. 28.2. For the Transgression of a Land many are the Princes (or Governors) thereof, but by a man of understanding and knowledge the State thereof shall be prolon­ged: And compare it with Hosea 10.3. For now they shall say, We have no King because we feared not the Lord, what then should a King do to us: Lam: 5.16.8. The Crown of our head (to wit, our King, c. 4.20.) is fallen: wo unto us that we have sinned: Servants have ruled over us, there is none that delivereth us out of their hand. And then you must needs confess; that your subversion of our Kingly Government by one single person, to set up a Polarchie and New Republike under many Prov. 19.10. c. 30.21, 22. Eccl. 10.5, 6.7. Servants & Governors, is in Gods own, his Churches, peoples account, an heavie judgement, vassallage, bondage on them for their transgressions, sinnes, and a matter of great lamentation, woe, Ezech. 19.12, 13, 14. not a blessing, ease, libertie, means of their happiness or establishment.

2. Consider, that you cannot derive the Pattern of your New Commonwealth from the Scripture, Gospel, Church, or presidents of God and Jesus Christ; but only from the Dion. Cassius. Dionys. Hali­car. Polybius, Livy, Justin, Eutropius, Godwins Ro­man Antiqui­ties, Bodins Common­wealth. Old Heathen, bloudie Romans, after their Regifugium; who were alwaies altering their Go­vernment from one new form to another, continuing not long in anie one condition, till setled in an Emperor, and Empire; and at last in a Regal Roman Pontiff; in which state it hath continued al­most 1700. years; and the new Jesuitical models of Parsons, Cam­panella, Richelieu, Mazarine, Spain, France, recommended to you from Antichristian Rome to work our ruine; Or at leastwise from the old seditious Graecians and Athenians; who are thus bran­ded in Historians, Aelian Var. Historia, l. 5. c. 53. Omnino ad commutandos Reipublicae Sta­tus erant versatiles, et omnium propensissimi ad vicissitudines; (as you and the Army-Officers now are) which proved their utter ruine; and caused endless wars and tumults between them­selves, till they were subdued, enslaved by the Macedonians, Persi­ans, Romans, and other foreign Kings; as you may read at [Page 92] [...] [Page 93] [...] [Page 94] leisure in Thucidides, Diodorus Siculus, Xenophon, Plutarch, Arrian [...] Iustin, Bp. Vshers Annales Veteris Testamenti; whence Heniochus an antient Greek Comaedian, compares Aristocracie, and Populari­tie unto two scolding. Women, who coming amongst the Greek Cities, put all things into tumult and disorder, making them bed­lam mad against each other to their utter desolation.

Grotius de Jure Belli, l. 3. c. 15. p. 537.
Tum geminae ad illas accesserunt Mulieres
Quae cuncta conturbarunt: Optimatitas
Est nomen alteri: alteri Popularitas
Quarum incitatu, pridem externatae furunt.

And have they not produced the self-same Madness, Furie, and sad effects among the Armie, yea and our 3. kingdoms? How then can you, or anie wise men, but only TOM OF BEDLAMS, be anie longer in love with either of them, and preferr them before Kings and Kingship: when as your selves, as well as other Mem­bers, declared, resolved in two See my Speech, p. 102 103, 104. Declarations of 12 April 1646. of 17 Decemb. and in the Votes of Novemb: 9. & 23. 1647. That the Agreement of the People for a Representative and Republike (with­out a King and House of Lords) are not only Seditious, but de­structive to the very Being of Parliaments, and the Funda­mental Government of the Kingdom, by King, Lords and Com­mons. And is this then the way to peace or settlement? Psal. 11.3. If the Foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous doe to save or settle us? O therefore let not that brand of the Holy Ghosts owne imposing rest anie longer on you, Ps. 82.5. They know not, neither will they understand; all the Foundations of the earth are out of course: And although you say, think you are Gods, and are all the children of the most high in this pursute, yet you shal die like men, and fall like one of the Princes: yea be buried in your own and your Republikes ruines again, with greater infamie, shame, loss, than you were on April 20. 1653. when you were shamefully tur­ned out of House and power together by those who now recall you, and yet will not take warning.

Mr. Prynne is in good hopes, that all these undenyable, unan­swerable Scriptural considerations will fully convince and convert our Republican Conventicle, (and Army-Officers too) from their Jesuitical destructive modle of A Common-wealth, unto the love and restitution of our antient hereditary Kings, Kingship, as the only Divine, Saint-like, Gospel, safe, probable way to our future last­ing peace and settlement, which he intended to have propounded to them.

[Page 85]Finally, if you are resolved, notwithstanding the premises, to Act as a Parliament without your secluded fellow Members, King, or House of Lords, then follow the Presidents of all your Protestant Predecessors in these particulars.

1. Take into your saddest considerations the great increase, disguises of dangerous Iesuits and other Romish vipers now amongst us, which A. B. a Jesuite in his Mutatus Polemo: Or, The Horrible Stratagems of the JESUITS lately practised in Eng­land, during the Civil Wars, and now discovered by him, a RECLAI­MED ROMANIST, imployed before as a Workman of the Mission from his Holiness; dedicated by him to your own President Brad­shaw; published by SPECIAL COMMAND of your New Re­publike (London Printed for Rob. White 1650.) thus relates to your selves and the world, p. 3, 4. ‘That he could bring in to your COUNSEL-TABLE a horrible long Catalogue of more perni­ciously damnable Actors of JESUITICAL Devils in mens shapes, yea in MINISTERS too, crept in (from forein Semina­ries) to undermine our Church and State, then was in the yeer 1605. in that infernal Powder-plot: That there was one Regiment, or more of them, under Sir Iohn Kempsfield, a Com­mander of the Horse in the late Kings Armie: who discerning the Kings inclination to close with the Scots and Presbyterians, and expecting no advantage to their Cause by siding with him, held their private Conventicles and Councels at Oxford, where­in they resolved to desert, and draw off all their own and all his other Forces from him, and close with the prevailing Par­liament partie, which they accordingly effected: Ibid. p. 10, 11. That upon the Kings departing to the Scots Armie, and surrender of Oxford, the Jesuits, Priests and Popish partie under him, not only changed the habits of their minds, but bodies also: tur­ning from upside Cavaliers and High Royalists, and God-dam­mees, holie Converts and Parliamenteers: nothing but the Holy Covenant being heard in their mouthes. For our bodies, Proteus is lesse than a fiction to us.Nota. He that ere while was a Commander in a ranting equipage, is now slinking into a Cob­lers stall, or Weavers loom, or Tapsters Apron, or Coachmans box, or Beggars weed, or Horsemans frock, or Serving-mans liverie, or Tailors shop, or Pulpit-thumping Presbyters Gippo, into what not. It is not unknown what trade we drive beyond Sea, when no Trade comes amisse to us. To make this [Page 86] good, our Governors the States of this Commonwealth (if they will deign to hear me now their true Servant) shall bee eftsoon able to cull out manie a sheep-clothed-wolffrom their stations, stalls, looms, aprons, weeds, liveries, shops, yea and Buff coats; what say you to Pulpits too? Let not Engl. (now like a bird (ah me!) pursued by several fierce flying Falcons, and too too near the intended hard gripes of their cruely sharp tallons) either out of a dull or drowsie sottishness, or a phan­tastical humour of contradiction, suppose I speak what I know not: if I should tell them I can, and (now being about to do it will (but privately before Authoritie) produce a Catalogue of Catholicks, (Fathers, so we will be called) of several Or­ders and others that are Natives, gone into remote Counties, who duly go to Church too, and of an incredible number now living in this Commonwealth under several Notions, whcih I my self can point at with a drie finger. I tell thee in gene­ral, there is scarce a Town or Citie, but in few miles of it I can furnish the Reader (to thy Amazement be it spoken) with some who have lived in England 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 20, 40, 50 years (I. B. of Ne. in Es.) unknown, unsuspected, but taken for clean contrarie; let them avoid me if they can: They are his own words, Page 26. to 37. he shews how Mons. Montril (the French agent) trepand the poor Cavaliers of the Kings partie, in tran­sporting them out of Scotland into France; how they were there butchered by the French: Such is their love to the Royal par­ty of England: what endeavours were used by Card: Maza­rine, Father D. and le M. to seduce and corrupt Prince Charls in his Religion both before and after his Fathers death; and what promises were made both by the French and Spaniard, that all Catholick Princes should be invited and consulted with for an unanimous invasion of England, if he would turn Catholick. Page 32, 33. hee hath this memorable passage: During these Sollicitations, news comes aloft upon the wings of the wind, That the People and State of England had sum­moned his Father to an High Court of Judicature, to bring him to a trial for all the innocent bloud he had spilt, and the hideous devastations he had caused. This was no little good News to the Cardinalitical party, (I mean the Iesuitical,) (this Jesuit himself being then at the French and Princes Court in Paris) For in my next I shall satisfie thee, concerning their [Page 87] cunning workings; how even those who pretend so much charitie to the Son, See here, p. p. 43, 46, 62, 63. did séek by all Machinations to expedite and accelerate this high piece of Iustice upon the Father: And now, say his Tutors to him, If they proceed to death with your Father, it will prove the better for you; for it shall utterly alien the hearts & affections of the people from them, and you shall finde them to be more eagerlie violent for your reinvestment, not considering the change of your Religion, which by anie means shall not be known, but to your good Catholick Subjects of England, till such time as you have vest­ed power enough into your own hands to protect it, and your self in it. But indeed the Lad had somewhat of his Fathers astutiousnesse in him; and presently asked the CARDINAL the same question as his Father once did the King of Spaine, when he was almost easilie intreated to have turned to the Faith Catholick: How shall I (said he) ever expect to be King of England, if once the English should understand I have turn­ed Catholick? To which they easilie gave a satisfactorie reso­lution, telling him; That (as the case now stood) he must ne­ver look to be admitted, but by fire and sword: the main force of Armes must make way for him, neither could he in the least atchieve that, or put it in execution without the ayde of Ca­tholike Princes, which they will never be brought to act in without a firm assurance of your real and faithfull conuersion. What impressions the News of his Fathers decollatiō made upon him; what use the Cardinal and Iesuits made of it, to induce him and o­thers to Poperie; and what endeavors were used by the Iesuits to make up a peace between the Spanish and French to invade Eng­land, and make it their prey if he would turn Papist, under pretext of restoring him to his Crown, you may read in this Iesuit, p. 33, 34, 35, 36. and in Militiere his Victorie of Truth, dedicated to King Charles after his Fathers death, to pervert him in his Religion, as the only means of his restitution. These Passages of this Iesuit, (who stiles himself, p. 39. The faithful Servant of the Common­wealth of England.) dedicated to President Bradshaw himself, and printed by his SPECIAL COMMAND, and our Republican Governours now sitting, Ann. 1650. (when Mr. Prynne was com­mitted close Prisoner by them without hearing, or accusation) will justifie the truth of all his See my Epi­stle to a Seaso­nable Vindi­cation, &c. E­dit. 2. 1655. My Quakers Unmasked, & A New Disco­very of Ro­mish Emissa­ries, 1656. The Plots of the Jesuites, printed 1653. And the Jesu­its undermi­ning of parlia­ments and Protestants. By William Castle, 1642. former Discoveries; That your beheading the King, and degrading our Kingdom into a New Free-State, was the verie French Cardinals, Spaniards, Popes, [Page 88] and Iesuits plot, to ruin both our Protestant Kings, Kingdom, Church Religion, even by your own confessions, and that it gave unto them strong arguments, to perswade the Kings posteritie and partie for ever to abominate our Religion, as manie of them have done upon this very account, though the King himself, and his Brothers yet continue constant (through Gods mercie) against all provocations; to their eternal honour, but your perpetual infa­mie, who have put them upon such direfull Temptations.

2. Before you engage in any other Business, peruse all former Acts and Printed in my Hidden Works of Darkness, &c. & Mr. Rush­worths Historical Collecti­ons, p. 41. to 44.128, 129, 185. to 190, 140, 141, 510, 568. Exact Collection, p. 5. to 20. Petitions of our Protestant Parliaments since 1 Eliz. to this present against Iesuits, Seminarie [...]Priests, Papists, Poperie; the manifold mischiefs, dangers accrewing by their increase, toleration, and suspension of our Lawes against them; the causes of their growth a­mongst us, and remedies to prevent the same: Then put them all (with the Oath of Abjuration, and 5. Bills against them, assented to by the late King in the last Treatie) into immediate, impar­tial vigorous execution.

3. Imploy faithfull, knowing, stout, active persons, with suffi­cient power, and encouragements to discover, detect, apprehend them, under what ever disguise and shelter they now secure them­selves: Especially take diligent care to ferret these Romish Ver­min and Troublers of our Israel out of all your Armies, Garri­sons, Camps, and all Sectarian separate Congregations, the Bo­roughs wherein now they lurk securely, by putting them all to the Test of the Oaths of Abjuration Supremacie and Allegiance.

4. Permit no Seminarie Priests, Friers, Romish Emissaries of any Nation, but especially no Iesuits of Romes Ma­sterpiece, p. 14 15. any their 4. ranks to remain in our Realms, or Dominions: it being impossible to enjoy any peace, settlement in Church or State, or to expect anie dutifull obedi­ence, quiet in or from the Armie, whiles these Ludovicus Lucius, Hist. Jesuit. l. 3. c. 2. p. 271, 294, 374. l. 3. c. 2. p. 607, 609, 610, 611, 614, 639, 671, 673, &c. Hospinian Hist. Jesuit. l. 3. & 4. spe­culum Jesuiti­cum. firebrands of Sedi­tion, Treason, remain within our coasts: upon which account they have been by sundrie Proclamations of Queen Elizabeth, King Iames and King Charles, not only banished out of England, Scotland, Ireland, and all their Dominions; but likewise out of France, Ger­manie, Poland, Bohemia, Austria, Moravia, Transilvania, Hungarie, Venice, and other Popish Kingdomes, States, as well as out of the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, and Protestants Territories: as the Authors of all their Wars, Troubles, Tumults, Insurrections, Rebel­lions, Treasons, Regicides, and the publike Pests of Church and State.

5. Put no arms into Anabaptists or Quakers hands, (formerly See Lucas Osiander con­tra Anabap­tistas. de­crying them, as unlawful) lest London become another Munster, and England another Germanie, in few moneths space.

[Page 89]6. Since Christ Iesus, who is truth it self, hath laid down these 3. Gospel-maxims of infallible veritie: Mat: 7.15. to 21. Lu. 6.43. &c. That Ravenous wolves in sheeeps clothing, as well as trees, are and shall be known by their fruits. John 8.44. You are of your Father the Devil, for his works ye doe. Rom. 6.16. That to whom ye yield your selves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey. If all the premises infallibly convince your Consciences, Judgements, as they will and must do, That all the forementioned fruits you have produced since December 4. 1648. are the proper fruits of Iesuits and Romish wolves in sheeps clothing; yea the very worst, sowrest of all their Fruits and Powder Treasons: That the workes you have done in murdring our Protestant King, destroying our Parliaments, Kingdoms, Government, Laws, secluding your fellow-Members and Lords House by force, erecting your New Republike, and Parliamentarie Con­venticle, &c. are the Works of the Iesuites and Devil; That you have yielded up your selves as obedient servants unto them in everie of these, against your own former Oaths, Protestations, Vows, Covenants, Declarations, Commissions, Principles, Pro­fessions, Judgments, rightly informed consciences: the Votes, Ob­secrations, Disswasions of your Fellow Members, and most indea­red Protestant Friends, Ministers, Relations: the Indentures, De­sires of those Counties, Burroughs you represent: And that the very Principles, by which you have acted since Dec. 1648 and now again, are the very Jesuits principles; as you may read at leisure in Iohannis Mariana, De Rege & Regum Institutione, l. 1. c. 6. Creswels Philopater, Franciscus Verona Constantini, Apologia pro Johanne Castellio et Jesuitis; Iesuitae Reinaldi liber, De Iusta Reipublicae Christianae in Reges Impios et Haereticos autho­ritate, &c. published under the name of William Rosse, in Ludovicus Lucius Historia Jesuitica, l. 2. c. 3. Hospinian Hist. Jesuitica, l. 3. & 4. & Speculum Jesuiticum, printed 1644. wherein you may tru­ly view your Iesuitical Physiognomies, heads, perrewigs, instead of your old genuine Protestant complexions, brains, notions, hair. And if the present fresh Addresses, Petitions of Anabaptists, Quakers, Sectaries, from Southwark, Warminster, Hertfordshire, Kent, and other places to the Army-Officers, and your selves, with their late listings in the Army, affronts to Ministers in their Churches, ejecti­on of some of them to intrude themselves, alreadie budding forth, sufficiently discover whose Servants you are, and whose drudgerie you must execute. O then immediately abjure, re­scinde, [Page 90] and null them all with highest indignation, and persist no longer in any such destructive waies, counsels, projects, under a­ny pretext, consideration, interest or perswasions whatsoever: But rather remember Mr. Oliver Saint-Iohns words (now sitting amongst you) in his Argument at Law against the Earl of Strafford (printed by the Commons house special Order) p. 64. In this I shall not labour to prove; That the endeavouring By Words, Coun­sels and Actions, to subvert the fundamental Lawes and Go­vernment of the Kingdom is Treason by the Common Law: If there be any Common Law Treasons left, nothing Treason if this be not, to make a Kingdom no Kingdom: And then consider Sir Edward Cooks memorable Observation (published by the Commons Order) 3 Instit. c. 2. p. 35, 36. It appeareth in the holy Scripture, That TRAYTORS never prospered, what good soever they pretended, but were most severely and exemplarily punished (in conclusion:) which he proves by the examples of Corah, Dathan, and Abiram, Num. 16.31, 32. c. 27. 3. Athaliah, 2 Kings 1.1.16. Bigthan and Teresh, Esth. 2.21.23. c. 6.2. Absolom, 2 Sam. 18.9.14. Abiathar, 1 King. 2.26, 27. Shimei, 2 Sam. 6.5, 6. 1 Kings 2.8.46. Zimri 1 Kings 16, 9.18. Theudas, Acts 5.36, 37. and Iudas Iscariot, the Traytor of Traytors, Acts 1.18. Mat. 27.5. Peruse over all our Books, Records, His [...]ories, and you shall finde a principle in Law, a rule in Reason, and a trial in experience, That Treason doth ever produce fatal and final destruction to the Offender, and never attaineth to the desired end (two incidents inseparable thereunto.) And therefore let all men abandon it as the most poisonous Bait of the Devil of Hell, and follow the precept in holy scripture: Prov. 24.21. 1 Pet. 2.17. Fear God, honor the King, and have no company with the Seditious Felix quem faciunt aliena pericula cautum. So he.

Now because M [...].P. finds some Grandees of his own Profession sitting in the House to countenance and make up this Vnparliamentary Iuncto, he shall desire them in the first place seriously to consider, how much they have formerly and now again dishonoured them­selves, and the whole profession of the Law, in sitting in, comply­ing with, acting under, such illegal Anti-Parliamentary Conventicles, Powers, Changes, Changers; yea crying them up for legal Eng­lish Parliaments, Powers, obeying, executing all their illegal new Knacks, Orders, Ordinances, as Acts of Parliament in civil, cri­minal, real or personal Causes, against all Records, Law-books, Presidents of former Ages, their own Judgments, Oaths, Science, [Page 91] Consciences, to the intollerable scandal of their Robe, the inju­rie, abuse of the whole Nation, the prejudice of all their lawfull Superiours and the Publick, the encouragement of usurping Tray­tors, Tyrants, Oppressors, in their waies of wickedness, the ill ex­ample of most others, and their own just reproach.

2ly. To observe, How God in his retaliating Justice, hath recom­pensed this their wilfull prevarication upon their own heads, by turning many of them out of their respective places of Judicature, honor, profit, (the ground of this their sinfull complyance) with in­famy, dishonour, reproach, even by the very Persons with whom they unworthily complyed, and those especially in present power, who had neither been an House of Commons, much lesse a mock Parliament, without their presence and complyance.

3ly. That the base unworthy, unchristian complyance of the Lawyers and Clergy of England, with our late trayterous Inno­vators, Usurpers, out of base fear, sordid covetousnesse, ambiti­on, self-saving, or self-seeking, to the prejudice, ruine of King, King­dom, Parliament, Lords, Law, hath brought an universal odium upon them, with those with whom they most complyed, as well as others, the Army Officers and present Iuncto, under a pretext of Reformation, designing both their ruines through the Jesu­ites Politicks, who now bear greatest sway, having turned many of them with scorn and contempt out of their former places of Ju­dicature, beyond their expectations, and reviled both their persons and professions, to their faces, as a Generation of sordid Tempori­zers, and useless, faithless persons, not fit to be entrusted any more, but discarded out of their new lawlesse Republick, which hates both Law and Gospel, as warranted by neither, and repugnant unto both.

4ly. That the only way now to regain their lost Honour, and preserve both our Laws, Liberties, Religion, establish future peace, settlement, and prevent impendent ruine, is, to endeavour to restore our antient, hereditary, just, legal Kingship, Kings, Governors, Go­vernment, with all their necessary invaded Prerogatives, Lands, Re­venues, Rights, Jurisdictions, and inviolably to preserve them with their lives and estates against all conspiracies of Popes, Jesuits, and foreign enemies to subvert, and undermine them in any kind; as the several memorable Parliaments and Statutes of 29 H. 6. c. 1.31 H. 6. c. 1.39 H. 6. c. 1.25 H. 8. c. 22.2 E. 6. c. 26.7 E. 6. c. 12. 1 Eliz. c. 3.4.20. 5 Eliz. c. 1.29.30. 1▪ Eliz. c. 1.2. [Page 92] 23.24. 18 Eliz. c. 21.22, 23 Eliz. c. 1.13.14. 27 Eliz. c. 29 Eliz. c. 7, 8. 31 Eliz. c. 14, 15. 35 Eliz. c. 2.12, 13.39 Eliz. c. 26, 27. 43 Eliz c. 17, 18. 1 Jac. c. 1. 3 Jac. c. 1, 2, 4, 5, 25, 26. 7 Jac. 6, 22, 23. 21 Jac. c. 32, 33. & 3 Car. c. 5, 6. in their respective preambles and bodies (worthy our most serious review in the Statutes at large) resolve, being more to be credited, pursued, than all the rash Jesuitical suggestions, votes, and inconsi­derable resolutions of any unparliamentarie Conventicle, or up­start Pseudo-Polititians, advancing themselves to the helm of our new Republick, by colour of the Statute of 17 Car. 7. Which Bill by the Commons House resolution in their Exact. Col­lection, P. 17. Remonstrance of 15 Dec. 1641. seems to be some restraint of the Regal power in dissolving of Parliaments, not to take it out of the Crown, but to suspend the execution of it for the time and occasion only, which was so neces­sary for the Kings own security, and the Publick peace, that without it they could not have undertaken any of those great things, but must have left both the Armies to disorder and confusion, and the whole Kingdome to blood and rapine, Therefore the Parliament must needs determine by the Kings death, as he hath infalliby evidenced beyond contradiction.

In the last place, Mr. Prynne shall most importunately beseech all the antient Nobility, secluded Members, well-affected Gen­try Clergy, Commonalty of the English Nation (which had never so many effeminate, false heads, and hearts as now, many Iud. 18.7.27. Jesuite, Priest, Monk, lurking under the disguise of womanish Perewigges brought into fashion by them) as they now tender their own pri­vate, or the publick safety, weal, settlement, and preservation of our endangered Church, Religion, Kingdom, Parliament, Laws, Privileges, Properties, and prevention of their impendent ruine. First of all seriously to consider, lament, cast off, reform, their own late, present, monstrous sottish stupidity, sleepinesse, Mat. 16.25. self saving, self-seeking Spirits, and most unworthy, un-manly, un-English, un­christian pusillanimity, cowardize, Prov. 29.25. Isay 8.12, 13. c. 7.4. c. 41.14. c. 44.8. Mat. 10.28. fear of a few contemptible Merci­nary mortal men, who shall shortly dye, and become as dung upon the earth; and their grosse breach of all publick Oaths, Protestations, Leagues, Covenants, in not opposing, resisting them manfully in their several places and callings; Which hath been the princi­pal cause of all the publick Changes, Innovations, Oppressions, Grievances, Exorbitances, Insolencies, they have hitherto suffe­red by their own armed hirelings, and are the Isay 13.6, 7.8. c. 27.11. c. 24.17. Iudg. 20.41, 42, Is. 3, 4. Ier. 48.43, 44. c. 49.24, 29. Lam. 3.47. Ezech. 30.13, 14. saddest symptomes of our approaching imminent desolation: if not speedily repented, re­dressed, [Page 93] ere it be over late. 2ly. To pursue these Gospel ad­vises, 1 Cor. 16.13. Watch ye, stand fast in the Faith, quit ye like men, be strong. Gal. 5.1. Phil. 1.27, 28. Stand fast in the liberty, where­with Christ hath made you free, and be not intangled again with the yoke of Bondage; in one Spirit, striving together with one mind for the Faith of the Gospel, (the fundamental, Laws, Liberties, Government, Privi­leges of the Nation.) And in nothing terrified by your Adversaries, which will be to them an evident token of perdition, but to you of salvation, and that of God. 3ly. Do you all now publickly, resolutely, con­stantly, unanimously, (according to the Collect. of Ordinances, P. 420 to 427. tenor of the Solemn League and Covenant) claim, assert, vindicate, and endeavour to preserve with your Lives and Fortunes, the Reformed Religion, Worship, Doctrine of the Churches, the Rights and Privi­leges of the Parliaments, the Laws and Liberties of the King­doms of England and Scotland, and the Kings Majesties Person, Authority and Posterity, in the defence and reformation of the true Religion, and Liberties of these Kingdoms. ‘And with all faithfulnesse endeavour, the discovery of all such as have been, are, or shall be Incendiaries, Malignants, or evil Instruments, by hin­dring the Reformation of Religion, dividing the King from his People, or one of the Kingdoms from the other, making any factions or parties among the People, contrary to this League and Covenant, that they may be brought to publick Tryal, and receive condign punishment; assisting, defending each other in the maintenance and pursuit thereof, without any division, with­drawing, defection, or detestable indifferency, or neutrality what­ever.’ For which end, in a brotherly, friendly, christian, yet stout and resolute manner, demand publickly of the General Coun­sel of Army Officers, and their Westminster Conventicle.

1. By what lawfull Commission, Authority, or Warrant from God, our Laws, or the generality of the people of England (whom they have voted the Supream Authority, and whose Servants they pretend themselves) they have formerly and now again, forcibly secluded the whole House of Lords, and Majority of the Commons House, from sitting in our Parliamentary Counsels, or the Old Parlia­ment if yet in being, and made themselves not only a Commons house, but absolute Parliament without a King or them, contrary to the very Letter, scope of the Act of 17 Car. c. 7. by which they pretend to sit?

2ly. By what Authority they presume to turn our most antient, glo­rious, [Page 94] famous, honourable, first Christian Kingdom, into an infant, base, ignoble, contemptible Sectarian Free-State or Commonwealth, and disinherit our hereditary Kings and their Posterity,Mat. 21.25. against all our Laws, Statutes, Declarations, Remonstrances, Oaths, Vows, Protestations, Leagues, Covenants, Customs, Prescription time out of minde, Liturgies, Collects, Canons, Articles; Homili [...]s, Records, Writs, Writers, and their own manifold obligations to the contrary for their inviolable defen [...]e, support, and preser­vation, only in pursuit of the Jesuites, Popes, Spaniards, and French-Cardinals forecited plots; And who gave you this Au­thority? ‘The rather because the whole English-Nation, and High Court of Parliament, wherein the whole Body of the Realm is, and every particular Member thereof, either in per­son or representation, (by their own Free-elections) are dee­med to be present by the Laws of the Realm, did by an expresse Act, 1 Iacobi c. 1. (worthy most serious consideration) with all possible publick joy and acclamation, from the bottom of their heart▪ recognize, and acknowledg, (as being thereunto obliged, both by the Laws of God and Man) that the imperial Crown of this Realm, with all the Kingdoms, Dominions, and Rights belonging to them, immediately after the death of Queen Eli­zabeth, did by inherent birth-right, and lawfull and undoubt­ed Succession descend & come to King Iames, as next and sols Heir of the Blood Royal of this Realm, And therunto (by this publick Act o [...] Parliament, to remain to all Posterity) they did humbly and faithfully submit and oblige themselves, their Heirs and Posterity for ever untill the last drop of their bloods be spent, as the First fruits of this High Court of Parlia­ment, and the whole Nations Loyalty and Faith to his Maje­sty and his Royal Posterity for ever: upon the bended knees of their hearts agnizing their most constant Faith, Obe­dience, and Loyalty to his Majesty and his Royal Posteri­ty for ever. After which the whole English Nation, and all Parliaments, Members of the Commons House ever since, and particularly all Members of the Parliament of 16 Caroli, conti­nued by the Statute of 17 Car. c. 7. pretended to be still in being, did by their respective Oaths of Allegiance, Fealty, Homage, and Supremacy, (containing only such Duty, as every true and well-affected Subject not only by his duty of Allegiance, but also by the com [...]mandement of Almighty God, ought to bear [Page 95] to his Majesty his Heirs and Successors, Exact Collection, and a Collection of them. The Good Old Cause truly stated. as the Parliament, and Statute of 7 Iac. c. 6. declares) joyntly and severally oblige themselves,’ ‘To bear Faith and true Allegiance not only to his Majesty, but his Heirs and Successors, and him and them to defend to the uttermost of their power against all Attempts and conspiracies whatsoever, which shall be made against his or their Persons, See the Le­tany, Collects, for the King, Queen, and Royal Issue: Canons, 1605. Can. 54. their Crown and Dignity, or any of them, and to maintain all Iurisdictions, Preheminences, Autho­rityes, justly belonging, united, or annexed to the Imperial Crowu of this Realm;’ Which all Members of the long Parl. & those now sitting ratified, not only by hundreds of printed Declarations, Remon­strances, Ordinances, but likewise by a Religious Protestation, Vow, and Solemn National League and Covenant, (publickly sworn and subscribed with all their hands, in the presence of God himself, and by all the well-affected in these three Kingdoms) but by all our ordinary pub­lick Liturgies, Collects, Directory Articles, Homilies, Prayers before Sermons, in all or most of their Families, Closet-Prayers, yea Graces before and after mea [...], wherein they constantly prayed to God, (according to the Tertulliani Apolog Eu­seb. de Vita Constantini, l. 4. c. 19, 20. Cas­siador. Hist. Tripartita, l. 5. c. 22. Atha­natius Apolo­gia ad Con­stantinum Imp. Sozomen Eccles. Hist. l. [...]. c. 18. l. 4. c. 13. Surius Concil. Tom. 1. p. 617. Tom. 2. p. 670, 737, 738, 739, 740, 762, 853, 869, 871.875, 887, 891, 925, 926, 1022, 10 [...]4▪ 1039. Tom. 3. p. 8.238. Cl. 1 E. 1. d, 17. Cl. 24 E. 1. d. 10. Cl. 34 E. 1. d. 9, 16. Cl. 35, E. 1. d. 15. cl. 9 R. 2. d. 11. cl. 15 R. 2. d. 56. cl. 16 R. 2. d. 11. cl. R. 2. d. 35. practise of the Saints in the Old and new Te­staments, the Primitive Church of God, and Heathen Nations, & of the Church, Parliaments of England themselves, in all Age [...],) not only for the health, life, wealth, safety, prosperity, preserva­tion, salvation of our Kings and their Realms, but likewise of their Royal Issue and Posterity. That there might not want a man of that Race to sway the Scepter of these Realm, so long as the Sun and Moon shall endure, or to the like effect And if they cannot sufficientlie satisfie your judgements, consciences, in this particular, nor answer the precedent reasons in defence of our hereditary Kings & Kingship, against their Vtopian Republick, Then take up the peremptory resolution of all the Elders, and Tribes of Israel, when oppressed by Samuels Sonnes Mis-Government, turning aside after filthy lucre, and perverting Iudgement, 1 Sam. 8. and say resolutely to them, We will have no New Common-wealth nor Vnparliamentary Conventicle to rule over, oppresse, ruine us, Nay, But we will have a KING (our own lawfull hereditary King) to reign over us, that We also may be like all other Na­tions, (yea like our selves and our Ancestors in all former Ages) and that our King may judge us and go out before us, and so put a speedy end to all our present & future Changes, Wars, Troubles, [Page 96] Fears, Dangers, Oppressions, Taxes; and restore us to our pri­stine Peace, settlement, unitie, amitie, securitie, prosperitie, fe­licitie, upon the Propositions assented to by his beheaded Father in the Isle of Wight, whose Concessions the Ho: of Commons with­out division, after 3. daies and one whole Nights debate; (4 Dec. 1648. notwithstanding all the Armies menaces) Resolved upon the Question, to be a sufficient Ground for the House to proceed upon for the settlement of the Peace of the Kingdom: upon better terms, and greater advantages, than ever they have yet enjoyed, or can pos­siibly expect from any New Free-State, or other New Armie Go­vernment or Governours whatsoever. The old Parliaments, Statutes of 25 H. 8. c. 22.26. H. 8. c. 3. & 1 Eliz. c. 5. (the most impartial Judges in this case) long since resolving, that it is, and of very right and duty ought to be the natural inclination of all good people, like most faithfull, loving, and obedient Subjects, sincerely and willingly to defire and provide for the supportation, maintenance. and defence of the Person, Crown, Royal estate and succession of their dread Soveraign King, upon and in whom all their world­ly Ioy and wealth, and the surety of them all, next under God, doth principally depend; as we have experimentally found by all the miseries, Oppressions sustained under our late New forms of Governments and Governors, whose 2 Chron 10.6. to 18. See My New Discovery of Fre [...] State Tyran­ny; And Eng­lands New Chain [...]. little fingers have been heavier than our Kings whole loyns; and the cousels, proceedings, of our young raw Statesmen, more pernicious, exorbitant than the old ones under our Kings. Which should engage all to return to their old Kingly Government.

4ly. If they will not upon anie terms be serued up to such a de­gree of Christian, or old English Resolution, as thus to expostulate with their servants, hirelings, and fellow Members, after so ma­nie high and bloudie contestations with their lawfull Soveraign in Parliaments, and the field, when their Laws, lives, liberties, Church, Religion, Kingdom, and all earthly comforts were less endangered than now in their own judgements; Mr. Prynne shall then intreat them only to take so much courage, as over-time­rous 2 Chron: 28.2.3. [...]2. to 36. King Iehoshaphat and his cowardly people did, when three confederated forein Nations came up to invade and destroy their kingdom; and to act as they did then. First, let them appoint a publike Fast throughout the Kingdom, Citie, Countrie, and use the self-same praier as they used. O our God, will thou not judge them! for we have no might against this great companie, (no nor that little Conventicle, inconsiderable handful of Armie-men & Secta­ries [Page 97] now combined against us) but our eies are unto thee; Annexing to it this praier of David, Ps. 140. Deliver us O Lord from the evil man, preserve us from the violent men, which imagin mischief in their heart, continually are they gathered together for war. Grant not, O Lord, the desire of the wicked; Further not their wicked devices, lest they exalt themselves, Let the mischief of their own lips cover them; let them be cast into deepe pits, that they rise not up again: Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth; Let evil hunt the men of violence to their overthrow: Then pursue the Prophets advice from God unto them. Hearken ye all Iudah, and ye inhabitants of Ierusalem, thus saith the Lord God, Be not afraid nor dismaid, by reason of this great multitude (much less of this small Conventicle) for the battle is not yours, but Gods. To morrow go out against them, ye shall not néed to fight in this battle: only set your selves (in ar­ray against them) and stand still: (keep your ground, fear not, submi [...] not to their power, usurpations, impositions in any kind) and the Lord will be with you; Whereupon they rose early in the mor­ning, and went out against them with their Priests before them, singing praises and Psalms of thanksgiving to God. And when they began to sing and praise, the Lord set ambushes against the children of Ammon Moab, and Mount-Seir, which were come against Judah, and they smote one another; For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up a­gainst them of Mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy them; and when they had made an end of them, every one helped to destroy a­nother. And when Iudah looked upon the multiude, behold they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped. Whereupon Je­hoshaphat and his people gathered up their spoiles for 3. daies space to­gether, they were so great; and on the 4th day they blessed the Lord, and returned with joy to Jerusalem, (without the losse of anie one mans life, or one stroke struck by them) because the Lord fought against the enemies of Israel. Imitate but their example herein; go out only couragiously against these Invaders of your Countries Rights, Liberties, Privileges, without fear or dispondencie; Own not their incroached Parliamentarie power, Acts, Impositi­on, Edicts, Taxes, Excises in anie kind; Keep fast your purse-strings, and part with no farther pay to your Armie-Saints, till they obediently submit to your commands, as their Masters, and acknowledge themselves to be your mercinarie Servants, not your soveraign new Lords, Masters: Then without any more fighting, bloudshed, danger to your persons or estates, you shall soon be­hold [Page 98] the Mungrel multitude of Anabaptists, Quakers, Sectaries, Re­publicans, Vanists, Cromwellists, Iesuits, Papists, now combined a­gainst you, divided against each other (as you see they are pret­ty well) and every of them will help to destroy one another, as they begin to doe; and their Westminster new-convened Vn-Par­liamentarie Conventicle thrust out of doors by themselves again, with greater scorn, infamie, derision, damage to them, than heretofore: as Obad. 10.15. Ezech. 35.15. Deut. 32.35, 36.41, 42. Ps. 7.15, 16. Ps. 9.15. Ps. 140.11. Prov. 12.2, 3, c. 24.21, 22. Mich. 3.9. to 13. Hab. 2.12, 13. Rev. 13.10. c. 17.6. c. 16.4, 5, 6. Mat. 7.2. Judg. 1.6, 7. may assure both you and them, com­pared with Gods late wonderfull providences of this kind upon all sorts of Innovators: So as you may sing, Psal. 20.8. They are brought down and fallen, but we are risen and stand upright. But if you neg­lect or refuse to follow this advice; beware lest through your unworthie cowardize and negligence in this kinde, you become not a speedy prey to these ravening wolves, Chytra [...] Chron: Saxonia l. 14. p: 411, to 4 [...]4. now likely to transform London into another Munsters Cosmog. l. 3. c. 142. Sl [...] [...]ian Commens. l. 10 Munster, and England into a second Ger­manie; as in the year 1534.

Mr. Prynne having thus fully, faithfully, sincerely discharged his dutie, and satisfied his own conscience; is resolved to Psal. 4.8. Psal. 119, 41, lie down quietly, to take his rest, and hope for the salvation of his God; con­cluding with the words of St. Paul in a like case, 2 Tim. 4.6, 7, 8.16, 17, 18. I am now ready to be offred, and the time of my departure is at hand. I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which God the righteous Iudge shall give me at that day. At my first answer no man stood by me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge: Notwithstanding the Lord stood by me and strengthned me, that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the Lyon, And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me to his heavenly KINGDOM; to whom bee glorie for ever and ever, Amen.

Isay 8.9. to 16. Associate your selves O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird your selves and ye shall be broken in pieces; take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word and it sh [...]ll not [...]tand: for God is with us. For the Lord spake thus to me with a strong [...]eud, and instructed m [...], that I should not walk in the way of [...]; saying, say not a C [...]nfedera [...]ie, to whom this people shall say [Page 99] a Confederacie, neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. But sanctifie the Lord of Hosts himself, and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread, and he shall be for a sanctuarie.

Ps. 26.3, 4, 5. O Lord, I have walked in thy Truth; I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I goe in with dissemblers. I have hated the Congregation of evil doers, and I will not sit with the wicked.

Pro. 29.25. The fear of man bringeth a snare, but he that putteth his trust in the Lord shall be safe.

Ps. 18.46, 48, 50: Ps: 144.10. The Lord liveth, and blessed be my rock, and let the God of my salvation be exalted. He delivereth me from mine enemies, yea thou liftest me up above those that rose up against me; thou hast delivered me from the violent man: Therfore will I give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the Heathen, and sing praises unto thy name. It is he that giveth Salvation unto Kings, that delivereth David his servant from the hurtfull sword. Great deliverance giveth he unto his KING, and sheweth mercy to his anointed; To David and to his seed for evermore.

Thomas Campanella De Monarchia Hisp: c. 30. Omnis haeresis cum ad Ath [...]ismum delapsa est per sapientem Prophetam in veritatis viam reducitur; habent enim haereses periodum suam ad mo­dum Rerum publicarum; quae à Regibus in Tyrannidem; à Ty­rannide in Statum Optimatium, et inde in Oligarchiam, atque tandem in Democratiam, See Polybii Hist. lib. 6. p. 521 to 527. & in fine rursus in statum Regium revolvuntur.

William Prynne.


Page 34. l. 15. dele it; p. 35. l. 4. Melston, r. Millington, p. 41. l. 18. Precope; p. 48. l. 10. r. 1648. p. 49. l. 38. erecting, r: exciting; p. 69. l. 16. both, r. doth; p. 75. l. 7. as, r. was.

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