A TREATISE OF THE Way and Manner Of Forming the DERIVATIVES OF THE LATIN TONGUE: WITH A Brief Discourse of Composites and De-Composites.

A Work very much conducing to the more easie and speedy attaining of the Latin Tongue; and to the saving the labour of so frequently turning over Voluminous Dictionaries.

By E. P. de LOND.

LONDON, Printed for the Author, and are to be Sold by George Croom, at the Blue-Ball in Thames-street. 1685.


Ro. L'Estrange,

Principibus Scholarum LONDINENSIUM, Caeterarum (que) in Anglia, Nobiliorum, Gymnasiarchis Doc­trina Celeberrimis, viz. WESTMONASTERIENSIS, Paulinae, Mercatorum Scissorum, Nec non Etonensis WINTONIENSIS, Salopiensis, Sitomagensis, &c. Hanc Elucubratiunculam D. D. D.

Edvardus Philippus, Londinensis.


FOr the perfect acquiring of any Language whatsoever there are two things mainly required, First to be ac­quainted in some Measure with the Words of the said Language, Next to understand how to put them together in such sort, as thereby to produce Harmonious Sense and Con­cord: The right way of putting Words together Effectually, is by the Variation of them; Nouns into their several Cases, Verbs into their several Moods and Tenses; For as in Building▪two pieces of Timber cannot be well fastned together till the Artists Tool hath fitted and shap'd them to that pur­pose, by Dovetail, Tenon and Mortice, or the like, so no true Syntax can be brought about, till by the said Variation Words are disposed together, in such a form as may render them Capable of such a Conjunction: Whereas, were they Clap'd together unform'd, and Undeclin'd, what could be expect­ed but a Babel of Confusion and Discord? The Ancients, at least the Greeks and Latins were wonderfully Elaborate and Care­ful in the diversifying, or Variously terminating the Cases of their Nouns: From whith curious diversity of Terminations, there results an Elegance of Construction, above what even the best of the Modern Europaen Tongues, (wich I take to be the Italian) is capable of Expressing. And besides this Curi­osity of Declination amongst the Greeks and Romans, the manner of their Derivation and Composition is also very Observable, and worthy to have been more Largely [Page] Treated of, among other parts of Grammatical Subject, than I have yet found it to be, in any System of Grammar: Whereupon having already Publish'd a Materia Verborum, I have Adjoyned this small Treatise by way of Essay, which as occasion serves, may be Improv'd and Inlarg'd. The knowledge then of Words whether Primitive, Derivative, or Composi­tive, is to be doubly considered, First as to their Signification, Next their Formation; and the first of these Knowledges, in my Opinion, is properly and Naturally the first part of a Learners Office, contrary to the Common Method, since the Knowledge of the Name of any thing is ever antecedent to the knowledge of its Nature. He that hath Treasured up in his Memory a competent stock of Words, will be the more easily induc'd to take pains to inform himself of what ever may conduce to the Application of them, as any one will soon­er ingage himself in the Concernments of a familiar and known Person, than of a Stranger. Dictionaries we have many, very Elaborate and Copious; more Copious indeed than what is absolutely required for a Learner; it being most apparently evident that one third part of the Words, even of the most Unaugmented Dictionaries, will abundantly suffice for the Reading of any Classical and Authentick Author; be­sides that, not any one can be capable of making use of a Dictio­nary, that is not Tollerably vers'd in the Formation of Words. So that a well ordered Materia Verborum to be got without Book, whether according to the usual Method of the Nomen­clatura's, or otherwise, ought in my Opinion to be the first Praeparatory Work to be began with, as a Foundation for the Building up of a Latinist, or any other Master of Language: But for the gaining of a good stock of Latin Words, there cannot certainly be any better Course taken, than a full and perfect Acquisition of all the Radical and Underiv'd, at least such as are purely and Naturally Latin: For tho perhaps they amount not one with another, to the tenth part of those [Page] Genuine Words produc'd by Derivation and Composition which often Occurring in Authors, are therefore Materi [...] and Necessary to be known. Yet certain it is, that whoeve [...] possesseth the Fountains, hath the greater Command and Benef [...] of the Streams that flow from thence. So that he that i [...] Master of the Primitives, hath at one View the Lati [...] Tongue, and will be thereby the more easily induc'd, an [...] the better Capacitated to Consider and Inquire into the man­ner of how any Word he chances to meet with is Deriv'd fro [...] or Compounded with a Word he already Knows, as he w [...] at a Distance hath the prospect of any Noble Castle; Town or Palace, will have the greater Mind by a Personal Visi [...] to take a more particular View thereof. To speak farther o [...] the Usefulness of this Design, will be a thing altogether nee [...] ­less: One Evidence by plain Proof, goes farther than an hu [...] ­dred Arguments. I will therefore leave the Event of wh [...] I have Asserted to the Tryal the World may, if it please, ma [...] thereof.

OF THE Way and Manner Of forming the DERIVATIVES OF THE LATIN TONGUE, &c.

The Derivatives of the Latin Tongue are very Various, both as to their Extraction and way of Forming, and proceed either from Verbs from Participles; (which are in­deed themselves no other than Adjectives, Derived from Verbs.) from Nouns both Substantive and Adjective. From Adverbs: And lastly from Praepositions.

Nouns Substantive Derived from Verbs, signifying Persons] Verbals in Or, from Verbs of the First Conjugation.

  • A Mator oris. m. a Lover.
  • Creator oris. m. A Creatour.
  • Orator oris. m. An Oratour.
  • Salvator oris. m. A Saviour, &c. From Amo, Creo, Oro, Salvo.

From Verbs of the Second Conjugation.

  • Doctor oris. m. A Teacher.
  • Sponsor oris. m. An Under­taker.
  • Suasor oris. m. A Persuader▪
  • [Page 2]Tonsor oris. m. A Barber, &c. From Doceo, spondeo, suadeo, Tondeo, &c.

From Verbs of the Third Conjugation.

  • Ductor oris. m. A Leader.
  • Lector oris. m. A Reader.
  • Pictor oris. m. A Painter.
  • Scriptor oris A Writer. From Duco, Lego, Pingo, Scribo.

From Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation.

  • Auditor oris. m. A Hearer.
  • Conditor oris. m. A Seasoner.
  • Munitor oris. m. A Fencer.
  • Punitor oris m. A Punisher. From Audio, Condio, Mu­nio, Punio.

Other Noun Substantives in Or, which seem not Deri­ved from, but Coordinate with their respective Verbs.

In the First Conjugation.

  • Amor oris. m. Love.
  • Clamor oris. m. Noise.
  • Error oris. m. Mistake.
  • Sudor oris. m. Sweat. Re­lating to Amo, Clamo, Erro, Sudo.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Dolor oris. m. Pain.
  • Pudor oris. m. Shame.
  • Splendor oris. m. Brightness.
  • Timor oris. m. Fear. Relat­ing to Doleo, Pudet, Splen­deo, Timeo.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Angor oris. m. Anguish.
  • Clangor oris m. A Noise.
  • Furor oris. m. Fury.
  • Tremor oris. m. A Tremb­ling. Relating to Ango, Clan­go, Furo, Tremo.

Female Verbals, in the nature of Adjectives in Ix▪

From the first Conjugation.

  • Oratrix icis. f. An Oratress.
  • Peccatrix. icis. f. A. She Sinner.
  • Saltatrixicis. B. A she Dancer.
  • Venatrix icis. A. Huntress. From Oro, Pecco, Salto, Venor.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Auctrix icis. f. She that Increaseth.
  • Motrix icis. f. Capeable of Moving.
  • Netrix icis. A Spinstress.
  • Tutrix icis. A Tutress. From Augeo, Moveo, Neo, Tu­eor.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Altrix icis. Giving Nourish­ment.
  • Victrix icis. she that Vanquish­eth.
  • Genitrix icis. She that giveth Birth.
  • Retentrix icis. Retaining. From Alo, Vinco, Gigno, Retineo.

In the fourth Conjugation.

  • Auditrix icis. she that hearth.
  • Conditrix icis. she that Sea­soneth.
  • Inventrix icis. An Inventress.
  • Largitrix icis. she that Be­stoweth. From Audio, Con­dio, Invenio, Largior.

Verbals in Tio, Sio, Xio,

Of the first Conjugation.

  • Oratio onis. f. An Intreat­ing, or making a Speech.
  • Creatio onis. F. A Creating.
  • Purgatio onis. F. A Cleansing.
  • Tentatio onis. F. A Trying. From Creo, Oro, Purgo, Tento.

Of the second Conjugation.

  • Auctio onis. F. A Increas­ing.
  • Motio onis. F. A Motion or Moving.
  • Sponsio onis. F. A Promising or Betrothing.
  • Repletio onis. F. A Filling. From Augeo, Moveo, Spon­deo, Repleo.

Of the third Conjugation.

  • Lectio onis. A Reading.
  • Defensio onis. A Defending.
  • Divisio onis. A Dividing.
  • Connexio onis. A Knitting together. From Lego, Defen­do, Divido, Connecto.

Of the fourth Conjugation.

  • Sanctio onis. A Sanction or Establishing.
  • Inventio onis. An Inventing.
  • Nutritio onis. A Nourishing.
  • [Page 4]Eruditio onis. A Bringing up. From Sanctio, Invenio, Nutrio, Erudio.

Nouns in La, Deriv'd from Verbs.

  • Medela ae. A Healing.
  • Querela ae. Complaint.
  • Suadela ae. Persuasion..
  • Tutela ae. Safeguard From Medeor, Queror, Suadeo, Tueor.

Nouns in Monia.

  • Alimonia ae. F. Mainte­nance.
  • Parcimonia a. F. Sparing­ness.
  • Querimonia ae. F. a Comp­laining humour. From Alo, Parco, Queror.

But most are Deriv'd from Adjectives, as shall be Noted in due Place.

Nouns in Men.

  • Conamen inis. N. An In­deavouring.
  • Tentamen inis. n. A Tryal.
  • Specimen inis. n. A Shew.
  • Molimen inis. an Indevour­ing, From Conor, Tento, Specio, Molior.

Nouns in Tum.

  • Mandatum i. n. a Com­mand.
  • Delictum i. n. An Offence.
  • Praeceptum i. n. A Praecept.
  • Responsum i. n. An Answer. From Mando, Delinquo, Praecipio, Respondeo.

But these seem Neuters of Participles, only taken Sub­stantively.

Nouns in Entum. as

  • Condimentum i. n. A Sea­soning.
  • Munimentum i. n. A Forti­fying.
  • Supplementum i. n. A Sup­plying.
  • Testamentum i. n. A Wit­nessing. From Condio, Mu­nio, Suppleo, Testor.

In Abulum & Ibulum.

  • Tintinnabulum a Saints-Bell.
  • Infundibulum a Funnell.

In Aculum.

  • Caenaculum A Dining-Room.
  • Crepitaculum A Rattle.
  • Habitaculum A Habitation.
  • Receptaculum A Receptacle. From Caeno, Crepo, Habi­to, Recipio.

Verbals of the fourth De­clension in Us, are generally the same in Form with the Participles of the Praeter­perfect tence, of those Verbsto which these Verbals belong. as

In the first Conjugation.

  • Conatus us m. An Indea­vouring.
  • Ornatus. us m. An Adorning.
  • Apparatus us. m. A making Praeparation.
  • Odoratus us. m. A Smelling. From Conor, Oro, Apparo, Odoro.

In the Second Conjugation.

  • Morsus us. m. A Biting.
  • Luctus us. m. A Mourning
  • Risus us. m. Laughter.
  • Visus us. m. Sight. From Mordeo, Lugeo, Rideo, Video.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Captus us. m. A taking or Capacity.
  • Ductus us. m. A Leading.
  • Tactus us m. A Touching. From Capio, Duco, Tan­go.

In the Fourth Conjugation.

  • Auditus. us. m. A Hearing.
  • Haustus. us m. A Drawing▪ a Draught.
  • Sensus us. m. Sense.
  • Vestitus us. m. A Cloathing. From Audio, Haurio, Sen­tio, Vestio.

Nouns in Ura, like the Faemi­nine Gender, of Participles in Rus, which seem Deriv'd by adding Ra to the last Supine.

  • Armatura ae. f. An Ar­ming.
  • Creatura ae. f. A Creating. a Creature.
  • Ligatura ae. f. A Ligature, a Binding.
  • [Page 6]Signatura ae. f A Signature, a Signing. From Armo, Ligo, Signo.

In the Second Conjugation.

  • Mistura ae. f. A Mixture.
  • Tonsura ae. f. A Shaving. From Misceo, Tondeo.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Fissura ae. f. A Cleaving.
  • Lectura ae. f. A Reading.
  • Textura ae. f. A Weaving.
  • Tinctura ae. f. A Dying. from Findo, Lego, Tego, Tingo.

In the Fourth Conjugation.

  • Mensura ae f. a Measuring.
  • Saltura ae. f. A Leaping. From Metior, Salio.

In Bra. as

  • Latebra A hiding Hole.
  • Scatebra a Boiling over. from Lateo, Scateo. To which may be added
  • Terebra a Piercer.

In Ago and Igo▪

  • Compago a Joint.
  • Origo an Original.
  • Prurigo an Itching.
  • Scaturigo An Overflowing. From Compingo, Orior, Prurio, Scaturio.

See Substantives, from Sub­stantives

In Ina.

  • Pistrina a Bake-house.
  • Tonstrina a Barbers Shop. From Pinso, Tondeo.

Adjectives deriv'd from Verbs. Adjectives in Ans or Ens, Commonly call'd Parciples of the Praesent tense

In the First Conjugation▪

  • Amans Loving.
  • Armans Arming.
  • Clamans Crying.
  • Mutans Changing. From Amo, Armo. Clamo, Mu­to.

In the Second Conjugation.

  • Jubens Commanding.
  • [Page 7]Timens Fearing.
  • Movens Moving. From Ju­beo, Video, Timeo, Mo­veo.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Scribens Writing,
  • Dicens Saying,
  • Credens Beleiving.
  • Quaerens Seeking. From Scribo, Dico, Credo, Quae­ro.

In the fourth Conjugation.

  • Condiens Seasoning.
  • Muniens Fortifying.
  • Hauriens Drawing.
  • Sentiens Perceiving. From Condio, Munio, Haurio, Sentio.

Nouns in Bilis,

In the first Conjugation.

  • Mutabilis Changeable.
  • Sanabilis Healable. From Muto, Sano.

In the Second Conjugation.

  • Visibilis Visible,
  • Terribilis Terrible,. From Video, Terreo.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Legibilis Legible,
  • Vendibilis Vendible. From Lego, Vendo

In the fourth Conjugation.

  • Audibilis Audible,
  • Sensibilis Sensible. From Au­dio, Sentio.

Other Nouns in Lis,

In the Second Conjugation.

  • Docilis Teachable. From Do­ceo.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Agilis Active. From Ago. To which may be added
  • Humilis Humble,
  • Similis like.

Adjectives in Tus, Sus, and Xus, Commonly call'd Par­ticiples of the Praeter per­fect Tense.

In the first Conjugation.

  • Mutatus Changed,
  • [Page 8]Servatus Preserved.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Doctus Taught,
  • Visus Seen.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Lectus Read,
  • Sparsus Sprinkled,
  • Nexus Knit

In the fourth Conjugation,

  • Auditus Heard,
  • Haustus Drawn

Adjectives in Rus, commonly call'd Participles of the Fu­ture in Rus.

In the first Conjugation.

  • Mutaturus About to change.
  • Servaturus About to Keep.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Docturus About to Teach.
  • Visurus About to See.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Lecturus About to Read.
  • Nexurus About to Knit.

In the fourth Conjugation.

  • Auditurus About to Hear.
  • Hausturus About to Draw.

Adjectives in Dus, common­ly call'd Participles of Fu­ture in Dus.

In the first Conjugation.

  • Mutandus to be Changed.
  • Tentandus to be Attempted.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Docendus To be Taught▪
  • Videndus To be Seen.

In the taird Conjugation▪

  • Legendus To be Read.
  • Vertendus To be Turn'd.

In the fourth Conjugation▪

  • Audiendus to be Heard.
  • Hauriendus to be Drawn.

Adjectives of a participiate Nature,

In Undus.

  • Tremebundus, ready to Tremble.
  • Moribundus, ready to Dy. from Tremo, Morior.

Adjectives in Uus. as

  • Assiduus, Daily.
  • Contiguus, Joining so close, as to Touch.
  • Continuus, Continued, or Continual. from Assideo, Contingo, Contineo.

Adjectives from Noun Sub­stantives,

In Aceus.

From Nouns of the first De­clension. as

  • Testaceus, Crusted with Sheard or Shell.
  • Farinaceus, Mealie. from Testa, Farina, &c.

In Aticus.

From Nouns of the first De­clension. as

  • Aquaticus, Living in the Water.
  • Silvaticus, Living in the Woods.
  • Villaticus, Living in a Vil­lage. from Aqua, Silva, Villa:

And somtimes from Greek Nouns of the third Decl. as

  • Aenigmaticus, belonging to a Riddle.
  • Traumaticus, belonging to a Wound. from Aenigma, Trauma.

Adjectives in Alis, from Nouns of the first Declen­sion. as

  • Formalis, Formal.
  • Brumalis, Wintry. from For­ma, Bruma: And somtimes from other Declensions. as
  • Septentrionalis, Northern.
  • Meridionalis, Southern. from Septentrio, Meridies.
  • Nivalis, Snowy. from Nix.
  • Partialis, Partial. from Pars.
  • Mortalis, Mortal. from Mors

In Aneus.

From Nouns of the second Declension. as

  • Momentaneus, Momentary. from Momentum.

From Nouns of the third Declension. as

  • Temporaneus, Temporary. from Tempus.

From Adverbs which see in their Place.

In Anus.

From Gentilitious Nouns of the first Declension, and som­times second Neuters. as

  • Romanus Roman, or of Rome
  • Tròjanus, Trojan, or of Troy. from Roma, Troja.
  • Trevisanus, Trevisan.
  • Tomitanus, Tomitan. from Trevisium, Tomitum:

And somtimes from common Nouns of the third Declension.

  • Fontanus, Fountanous.
  • Montanus, Mountanous. from Fons, Mons.

In Aris.

From Nouns of the first De­clension, by adding Ris to the final A. as

  • Lunaris, Lunar.
  • Stellaris, Stellar.
  • Tutelaris, Tutelar.
  • Particularis, Particular. from Luna, Stella, Tutela, Par­ticula. Somtimes from Nouns of the second and third Declen­sions. as
  • Titularis, Titular.
  • Exemplaris, Exemplar.
  • Solaris, Solar. from Titu­lus, Exemplum, Sol. Also from Adjectives. as

Singularis, Singular. from Singulus.

In Arius.

In like manner from Nouns of the first Declension, as

  • Aquarius, Carrying Water
  • Sagittarius, Arm'd with Darts.
  • Gemmarius, Dealing in Jew­els. from Aqua, Sagitta, Gemma. And as often from Neuters in Um. as
  • Aurarius, Working in Gold
  • Argentarius, Working in Sil­ver
  • Ferrarius, Working in Iron.
  • Lignarius, Working in Wood from Aurum, Argentum, Ferrum, Lignum: the word Faber being added, besides Momentarius, Momentary. from Momentum

So in the third Declension.

  • Aerarius, Working in Brass. from Aes.

As for

  • Temerarius, Rash. from Temere. See more in the Ad­verbs.

In Atilis.

From Nouns of the first and second Declension, as.

  • Aquatilis, Living in the Water.
  • Fluviatilis, Living in the River, from Aqua, Fluvius.

The rest from Verbs, which see in the Verbs.

In Ensis.

From Names of Towns and Cities of the first and second Declension. as

  • Atheniensis, of Athens.
  • Parisiensis, of Paris.
  • Eboracensis, of York. from Athenae, Parisii, Eboracum.

In Enus.

From Nouns of the first De­clension. as

  • Terrenus, Earthly. from Terra. And from other Ad­jectives. as

Alienus, Belonging to another Man. from Alius.

In Estis

Two only. as

  • Coelestis, Heavenly.
  • Agrestis, Rude. Wild. from Coelum, Ager.

In Esttis.

From Nouns both of the first and second Declension, as

  • Terrestris, Earthly.
  • Sylvestris, Wooddy.
  • Campestris, Belonging to the Field, from Terra, Syl­va, Campus.

In Eus.

From first, 2d. in us, 2d. in Um, and 3d Declensions, by changing the a finalis of the Nominative, or the i finalis of the first Case so ending into Eus as.

  • Aqueus, Watry.
  • Laneus, Woolly, from Aqua, Lana,
  • [Page 12]Spineus, Belonging to a Sloe-Tree. from Spinus.
  • Aureus, Golden.
  • Argenteus, of Silver.
  • Ferreus, of Iron, from Au­rum, Argentum, Ferrum.
  • Arundineus, Made of Reeds
  • Igneus, Fiery, from Arun­do, Ignis.

In Icus.

From Words of the first, by tur­ning a finalis into i, and add­ing Cus. Second and third Declensions, by adding Cus to the first Case, ending in i.

  • Aulicus, Courtly.
  • Lyricus, Lyrick, sung or play'd to the Harp. from Aula, Lyra.
  • Dominicus, of a Lord.
  • Ponticus, of the Sea. from Dominus, Pontus.
  • Civicus, belonging to a Citizen.
  • Magneticus, belonging to the Load-stone, Attractive. from Civis, Magnes.

In Inus.

From Words of the first Declen­sion, seconds in Us, (Neu­trals) in Um, and 3ds. as

  • Myrrhinus, of Myrrh.
  • Aquilinus, belonging to an
  • Eagle. from Myrrha, Aquila.
  • Cervinus, belonging to an Hart.
  • Faginus, belonging to a Beech-Tree.
  • Uterinus, belonging to the Womb. from Cervus, Fagus, Uterus.
  • Sesaminus, belonging to the Herb Sesamum. from Sesa­mum.
  • Caninus, belonging to a Dog.
  • Vulpinus, belonging to a Fox. from Canis, Vulpes.

In Ruus.

From words of the third De­clension, ending in r, by ad­ding nus after r. as

  • Eburnus, made of Ivory.
  • Acernus, made of Maple. from Ebur, Acer.

To which may be added, by throwing away the last Sylable, and adding nus to the first in r.

  • Quernus, made of Oak From Quercus.

In Lentus.

From Nouns of the second, (both Us and Um) and third Declensions, Variously deriv'd. as

  • Somnolentus, Sleepy.
  • [Page 13]Lutulentus, Muddy. from Somnus, Lutum.
  • Corpulentus, Gross.
  • Luculentus, Clear.
  • Pulverulentus, Dusty.
  • Sanguinolentus, Blooddy. from Corpus, Lux, Pulvis, Sanguis. Somtimes from Adjectives, of which hereaf­ter.

In Orius.

From Verbal Substantives in Or. as

In the first Conjugation.

  • Amatorius, given to Love.
  • Oratorius, Oratorian.

In the second Conjugation.

  • Monitorius, Monitorie.
  • Suasorius, Perswasive.

In the third Conjugation.

  • Scriptorius, given to Write. from Amator, Orator, Mo­nitor, Suasor, Scriptor.

To which may be added,

  • Uxorius, addicted to a Wife. from Uxor.

In Osus.

From Nouns of the first, se­cond, third and fourth De­clensions, by changing a or i finalis into o, and adding Sus; or by adding the said Syllable to the first Case, end­ing in o. as

  • Aquosus, Watry.
  • Aerumnosus, Calamitous▪ from Aqua, Aerumna.
  • Calculosus, full of little Stones.
  • Numerosus, Numerous. from Calculus, Numerus.
  • Caliginosus, Mistie.
  • Paludosus, full of Puddles. from Caligo, Palus.
  • Portuosus, full of Havens, or Harbours.
  • Saltuosus, full of Woods. from Portus, Saltus

In Ivus.

See Adjectives, Deriv'd from other Adjectives or Parti­ciples.

In Uus.

  • See Adjectives Deriv'd from Verbs.
  • [Page 14]Substantives Deriv'd from Adjectives.

In Tas.

From Nouns in Us impurum, and Uus, by adding the said Syllable to the first Case, ending in i. as

  • Probitas, Honesty.
  • Curiositas Curiosity.
  • Assiduitas, Assiduity. from Probus, Curiosus, Assiduus.

In Nouns in Ius, i is changed into e. as

  • Pietas, Piety.
  • Proprietas, Propriety. from Pius, Proprius.

Two are Anomalous.

  • Honestas, Honesty. from Honestus. Us being only changed into As.
  • Majestas, of uncertain Ori­gination.

From Adjectives in Alis, by Adding Tas to the Dative, (now the first Case in i) as before the Genitive. as

  • Formalitas, Formality.
  • Mortalitas, Mortality. from Formalis, Mortalis▪

From Verbal Adjectives and others, in Ilis, by the same manner of Deriving. as

In the second Conjugation.

Docilitas, aptness to be taught▪

In the third.

Agilitas, Agilitie. from Do­cillis, Agilis.

To which may be added,
  • Humilitas, Humility.
  • Utilitas, Utility. from Hu­milis, Utilis.

So likwise from Verbal Ad­jectives, in Abilis, and Ibi­lis. as

In the first Conjugation.

  • Mutabilitas, Changableness▪

In the third.

  • Flexibilitas, Flexibility, a [...] aptness to Bend. from Mu­tabilis, Flexibilis.
To which may be added
  • Nobilitas, Nobility. fro [...] Nobilis

In Tudo.

From Nouns both in Us and Is, by adding Tudo to the first Case ending in i. as

  • Amaritudo, Bitternes.
  • Fortitudo, Fortitude.
  • Similitudo, Similitude. from Amarus, Fortis, Si­milis.

In Tas and Tudo both.

In like manner, from Nouns in Us. as

  • Beatitas and Beatitudo, Bles­sedness.
  • Celsitas and Celsitudo, High­ness. from Beatus, Celsus.

In Edo.

From Nouns both in Us, and Is, by changing the i of the first Case so ending, into e, and adding Do. as

  • Raucedo, Hoarseness.
  • Dulcedo, Sweetness. from Raucus, Dulcis.

In Antia and Entia.

From Participles of the Pre­sent Tense, or such like Ad­jectives, in Ans or Ens, by adding a to the Dative Case, ending in Ti. as

  • Constantia, Constancy.
  • Temperantia, Temperance.
  • Diligentia, Diligence.
  • Prudentia, Prudence. from Constans, Temperans, Di­ligens, Prudens.

In Acia.

From Adjectives in Ax, only by adding a to the Dative Case. as

  • Audacia, Boldness.
  • Fallacia, Deceit.
  • Pervicacia, Stubbornness from Audax, Fallax, Per­vicax.

In Itia.

From Adjectives in Us and Is, by adding Tia. to the i of the first Case so ending. as

  • Amicitia, Friendship.
  • Justitia, Justice.
  • [Page 16]Tristitia, Sadness. from Ami­cus, Justus, Tristis.

In Ities.

After the same Manner. as

  • Canities, Hoariness. from
  • Canus: And more frequent­ly in both. as
  • Duritia & Durities, Hard­ness.
  • Nigritia, and Nigrities, Blakness.
  • Pigritia and Pigrities, Sloth­fulness. from Durus, Niger, Piger.

Not much different are those other Nouns

In Ia.

Which coming from Adject­ives in Us, have only a add­ed to the Final i of the Geni­tive Case. as

  • Invidia, Envy.
  • Perfidia, Perfidiousness. from
  • Indivus Perfidus.

To which may be added some of uncertain Originati­on. as

  • Inedia, Want▪
  • Injuria, Injury▪

Substantives, Deriv'd from Substantives

In Go.

From Nouns of the second in Um, and third Declensi­ons. as

  • Farrago, a mixture of several sorts of Grain.
  • Ferrugo, Rust of Iron.
  • Aerugo, Rust of Brass▪ from Far, Ferrum, Aes.

In Arium.

From Neuters of the second and from the third Declension.

  • Aerarium, a Treasury.
  • Alvearium, a Hive.
  • Armarium, an Armory.
  • Armentarium, a Store-house▪ from Aes, Alveus, Arma, Armenta.

In Erium.

From Nouns of the second De­clension in Er, only by add­ing Ium.

  • Adulterium, Adultery.
  • Ministerium, Ministry Ser­vice. [Page 17] from Adulter, Mi­nister.
To which may be added,
  • Arbitrium, Arbitrement, Will and Pleasure. from Arbiter.

In Are or Ar.

From Nouns of the first and second Declension, by add­ing re or r, to the final a it self, or so chang'd from i

  • Cochleare, a Spoon,
  • Alveare, a Bee-hive.
  • Palear, a Dewlap.
  • Laquear, a Roof. from Coch­lea, Palea, Alveus, Laqueus.

In Abulum, and Ibulum.

From first and Neuters of the second and third Declension but not always from Nouns, somtimes from Verbs. as

  • Acetabulum, a Saucer.
  • Incunabulum, a Cradle.
  • Thuribulum, a Censing Pan.
  • Tintinnabulum, a Bell.
  • Infundibulum, a Funnel. from Acetum, Cunae, Thus, Tintinnio, Infundo.

In Brum.

Not always from Nouns, but somtimes also from Verbs.

  • Candelabrum, a Candlestick.
  • Ventilabrum, a Winnowing Fan. from Candela, Ventilo.

In Aculum.

Senaculum, a Senate House. from Senatus.

See Substantives deriv'd from Verbs.

In Ile.

From Nouns of the first, second and third Declensions.

  • Hostile, a Spear.
  • Equile, a Stable.
  • Ovile, a Sheep-fold. from Hasta, Equus, Ovis.

In Ina.

From Nouns of the second and third Declensions, by adding na to the first Case ending in i. as

  • Gallina, a Hen.
  • Fratrina, a Brother's Wife.
  • Farina, Meal. from Gallus Frater, Far.

In Orium.

From verbal Substantivs in o [...], by adding only um to the Dative Case. as

  • Auditorium, an Auditory.
  • Diversorium, an Inn. from Auditor, Diversor.

The rest are those which are call'd Diminutives, of which there is subjoyned a par­ticular Discourse.

Adjectives, deriv'd from Ad­jectives.

In Ivus.

By adding Vus to the final i of the first Case so ending. as

  • Lenitivus, Lenitive.
  • Positivus, Positive.
  • Solutivus, Solutive. from Lenitus, Positus, Solutus.

In Lentus.

From Adjectives of the first and second Declension, by an uncommon way of De­rivation. as

  • Amarulentus, Bitter.
  • Macilentus, Lean. from Amarus, Macer.

In Or.

Comparatives, deriv'd from their Positives, both of the second and third Declension, by adding Or to the first Case ending in i. as

  • Frigidior, more Cold.
  • Pulchrior, more Fair.
  • Mollior, more Soft. from Frigidus, Pulcher, Mollis.

In SSimus.

Superlatives deriv'd from their Positives, by adding SSimus to the first Case in i. as

  • Altissimus, Highest.
  • Jucundissimus, most Pleasent.
  • Dulcissimus, Sweetest. from Altus, Jucundus, Dulcis.

In LLimus.

Other Superlatives, formed from their Positives in Lis, by changing Lis into Li­mus. as

  • Humillimus, most Humble.
  • [Page 19]Simillimus, most Like.
  • Facillimus, most Easte. from Humilis, Similis, Gracilis.

In Errimus.

Other Superlatives formed from their Positives, in Er, only by adding Rimus, as

  • Pulcherrimus, Fairest,
  • Celeberrimus, most Famous.
  • Tenerrimus, most Tender. from Pulcher, Celeber, Tener.

Besides these of a peculiar Form. as

  • Optimus, Best.
  • Maximus, Greatest.
  • Minimus, Least.

The rest are Diminutives, which will soon after be trea­ted of a part.

Substantives Deriv'd from Adverbs, and variously Form'd. as

  • Satietas, Satietie.
  • Temeritas, Temeritie.
  • Vicissitudo, Vicissitude. from Satis, Temere, Vicissim.

Adjectives deriv'd from Ad­verbs, by various manners of Formation. as

  • Crastinus, of to Morrow.
  • Hodiernus, of to Day.
  • Propinquus, Near,
  • Spontaneus, Voluntary.
  • Nimius, Overmuch, from Cras, Hodie, Prope, Sponte, Nimis.

Adjectives deriv'd from Prae­positions

  • Externus, or Extraneus,
  • External; or Outward.
  • Internus, Internal or Inward.
  • Infernus, Infernal or being Beneath.
  • Superus, Supremus or Su­pernus, Supernal, or being Above.
  • Ultimus, Last. from Extra, Inter or Intra, Infra, Super or Supra, Ultra.

Verbs deriv'd from Nouns Substantive, by various man­ners of Formation.

In No.

From Nouns in Men. as

  • Fulmino, to strike with Light­ning.
  • [Page 20]Lumino; to Lighten.
  • Semino, to Sow.
To which add
  • Criminor, to Blame. from Fulmen, Lumen, Semen, Crimen.


In Sco.

  • Puerasco, to wax a Child.
  • Senesco to wax Old.
  • Advesperascit, it grows to­wards Evening. from Puer, Senex, Vesper. See Verbs deriv'd from Verbs,

In Go.

  • Fumigo, to Smoak. from Fu­mus.

In SSo as

  • Patrisso, to have the Fathers Garb, Actions, or Condition.
  • Platonisso, to follow Plato. from Pater, Plato.

And some which seem to saver more of Latin. as

In Or. as

  • Bacchor, to live like a fol­ [...]wer of Bacchuso
  • Cornicor, to imitate a Crow.
  • Vulpinor, to have the tricks of a Fox.

Verbs Neuter In To.

  • Febricito, to be sick of a Fea­ver. from Febris.

In O pure.

  • Gruo, to cry like a Crane.
  • Salio, to season with Salt. from Grus, Sal.

Verbs Deriv'd from Nouns Adjective,

Verbs Neuter In Co:

  • Claudico, to Halt or go Lame.
  • Albico, to be White. from Claudus, Albus.


In Cor.

  • Graecor, to imitate the Greeks. from Graecus.

Verbs Active▪ In Opure.

  • Lenio, to make Smooth.
  • Mollio, to Soften. from Le­nis, Mollis.

In To. as

  • Debilito, to Weaken.
  • Demento, to make Mad. from Debilis, Demens:

Verbs from Adverbs. as

  • Procrastino, to Delay.
  • Satio, to Satisfie.
  • Apropinquo, to Approach▪
  • Itero, to Iterate. from Cras, Satis, Prope, Iterum.

Verbs from Prepositions, by on­ly adding O, and somtimes casting away E. as

  • Supero, to Overcome▪
  • Intro, to Enter. from Super, Inter.

Verbs Derived from Verbs.

Frequentatives in To, So, Xo. as

  • Canto, to Chant, to Sing often.
  • Visito, Viso, to Visit, to See often.
  • Vocito, to Call often.
  • Nexo, to Knit. from Cano, Video, Voco, Necto.

Frequentative, upon Frequen­tative. as

  • Cantito, to Chaunt often. from Canto.


In Sco. as

  • Frigesco, to wax Cold.
  • Nigresco, to wax Black.
  • Tepesco, to wax Luke Warm▪ from Frigeo, Nigreo, Tepeo▪

Meditatives, or Desideratives. In Urio. as

  • Esurio, to be Hungry.
  • Parturio, to be ready to bring Forth.
  • Scripturio, to have an itch of Scribling. from Edo, Pa­rio, Scribo.

Adverbs from Nouns Substan­tive

In Tim. as

  • Gregatim, in Flocks.
  • Partim, Partly.
  • Vritim, Man by Man. from Grex, Pars, Vir.

In like manner they are deriv'd from Verbs. as

  • Separatim, Separately.
  • Conjunctim, Jointly. from Separo, Conjungo.

Adverbs from Nouns Substan­tive and Adjective.

In Tus.

From Nouns of the second, both Masculine and Neuter, and third Declension, by adding Tus to the I final of the first Case so ending. as

  • Funditus, Utterly.
  • Antiquitus, from Ancient Times.
  • Coelitus, from Heaven.
  • Radicitus, by the Roots, from Fundus, Antiquus, Coelum, Radix.

Adverbs derived from Ad­jectives only, most frequently

In E.

From Adjectives of the first and second Declension, by changing the Masculine Ter­mination, Us into E. as

  • Docte, Learnedly.
  • Jucunde, Pleasently.
  • Strenue, Stoutly. from Doc­ [...]us, Jucundus, Strenuus.

In O.

In like manner deduc'd from the same sort of Adjectives.

  • Merito, Deservedly.
  • Fortuitò, Accidentally.
  • Sedulò, Diligently. from Meritus, Fortuitus, Sedulus.

In Ter.

From Adjectives of the third Declension, in is and ns as

  • Fortiter, Strongly.
  • Leniter, Gently.
  • Diligenter, Diligently.
  • Eleganter, Elegantly▪ from Fortis, Lenis, Diligens, Ele­gans.

In Rsum.

From Adjectives in Er, of the second Declension, by adding Rsum to the final O, of the first Case. as

  • Dextrorum, towards the Right▪
  • Sinistrorum, towards the Left. from Dexter, Sinister.
To which may be added
  • Deorsum, Downward.
  • Sursum, Upward.

Im Um.

From Adjectives of the first and second Declension, whose Masculines are in Us. as.

  • Durum, Hardly.
  • Horrendum, Dreadfully.
  • Tantum, Only. from Du­rus, Horrendus, Tantus.

But these seem only the Neu­ter Genders of the said Adject­ives, taken Adverbially.

So likwise in E.

From Adjectives of the third Declension, whose Masculine and Faeminine Termination, is Is. as

  • Dulce, Sweetly.
  • Triste, Sadly. from Dulcis, Tristis.


Of the Diminutives of the Latin Tongue Great are the Varieties and admi­rable the Elegancies.

Diminutives of Nouns Sub­stantive.

In the first Declension. In Ula.

By interposing between the last Consonant, and the A Final Ula. as

  • Gemmula, a little Gem.
  • Rimula, a little Chink.
  • Rotula, a little Wheel. from Gemma, Rima, Rota.

In Eola.

By interposing between the E and A Final O L. as

  • Areola, a little Floor.
  • Araneola, a little Spider.
  • Ardeola, a little Heron. from Area, Aranea, Ardea▪

In Jola. as

  • Fasciola, a little Bundle.
  • Filiola, a little Daughter.
  • Lusciniola, a little Nighting­gale.

Much after the same man­ner. from Fascia, Filia, Lus­cinia.

In Ella.

By a various manner of Ex­traction. as

  • Capella, a little Kid.
  • Catella, a little Chain.
  • Fenestella, a little Window,
  • Fabella, a little Fable.
  • Faemella, a little Female. [Page 24] from Capra, Catena, Fabu­la, Fenestra, Faemina.

In Illa.

Some words seem Diminu­tives, which are not so in re­ality, there being no certain Account to be given of their Origination. as

  • Favilla, Embers.
  • Rubicilla, a Redstart.
  • Scintilla, a Spark.

In Aster.

By adding Ster at the end. as

  • Oleaster, a wild Olive-Tree.
  • Piceaster, a wild Pitch-Tree.
  • Poetaster, a dabler in Poetry. from Olea, Picea, Poeta.

In Unculus

One word only.

  • Ranunculus, a little Frog. odly Deriv'd from Rana.

In the second Declension, In Ulus.

From Nouns in Us, by inter­posing between the U and the S, L▪ U.

  • Modulus, a Model.
  • Rivulus, a Rivolet.
  • Servulus, a Valet▪ from Mo­dus, Rivus, Servus.

In Illus.

By a various way of Deriva­tion, from Nouns in Us of the second, and is of the third Declension. as

  • Haedillus, a little Kid.
  • Bacillus, a little Staff.
  • Pulvillus, a little Cushion. from Haedus, Baculus, Pulvis.
And in the Plural Number,
  • Morbilli, the Measles.
  • Myrtilli, Myrtle-Berries▪ from Morbus, Myrtus▪

In Eolus.

From Nouns in Eus, by divi­ding Eus, and interposing Ol. as

  • Calceolus, a little Shoe.
  • Malleolus, a little Mallet.
  • Pileolus a little Cap. from Calceus, Malleus, Pileus.

In Iolus.

From Nouns also in Ius, and by the same manner of In­terposition. as

  • Filiolus, a little Son.
  • [Page 25]Gladiolus a little Sword. Also Cornflag.
  • Modiolus, a small Measure. from Filius, Gladius, Mo­dius.

In Unculus. as

  • Avunculus, an Uncle by the
  • Mother side. from Avus.

See also in the third Declen­sion.


Only by adding Culus.

  • Ramusculus, a little Branch. from Ramus.

In Ellus.

From Masculines in Er, by taking away r, and adding llus. as

  • Libellus, a little Book.
  • Magistellus, a little Master. from Liber, Magister.

In Ulum.

From Neuters in Um, by in­terposing Lu between the u and m. as

  • Frustulum, a littls Piece.
  • Scutulum, a little Shield. from Frustum, Scutum.

In Illum.

By a more various way of Formation. as

  • Bacillum, a little Staff.
  • Specillum, a Looking-Glass. from Baculum, Specium, or Speculum.

In Eolum.

by interposing Ol between e▪ and Um. as

  • Horreolum, a little Barn.
  • Linteolum, a Clout or Rag.
  • Pileolum, a little Cap. from Horreum, Linteum, Pileum.

In Iolum.

By the same way of Interpo­sition. as

  • Mortariolum, a little Mor­ter.
  • Suaviolum, a little Kiss, also a Sweet-Heart.
  • Sudariolum, a little Hand­kerchief. from Mortarium,
  • Suavium, Sudarium.

In Aster. as

  • Pinaster, a wild Pine-Tree. from Pinus.

In the third Declension

In Iculus.

from non Crescents, Masculine for the most part in Is, by adding Culus to the Dative or fist Case ending in i. as

  • Igniculus, a spark of Fire.
  • Ensiculus, a little Sword.
  • Folliculus, a small pair of Bellows. from Ensis, Ignis, Follis.

In Icula.

From non Crescents Faeminine, in Is and Es, by adding Cula, as aforesaid. as

  • Avicula, a little Bird.
  • Navicula, a little Ship.
  • Craticula, a Grid-Iron. from Avis, Navis, Crates.

In Ecula,

From Noncrescents in Es, only by removing the final S of the Nominative, and add­ing Cula. as

  • Abiecula, a little Fir-Tree.
  • Nubecula, a little Cloud.
  • Vulpecula, a little Fox. from Abies, Nubes, Vulpes.
To which may be added, from Apes,
  • Apecula, and Apicula both, a little Bee.

And from Plebs, Acute Crescent.

  • Plebecula, the lowest rank of People.

Also from grave Crescents in Ex, by a more extraordina­ry way of Formation.

  • Corticula, a little Bark.
  • Forficula, a little pair of Scissers. from Cortex, For­fex.

In like manner from acute Crescents in Ix. as

  • Cervicula, a little Neck.
  • Cornicula, a little Crow.

In Alculum.

By only adding Culum to Al.

  • Animalculum, a little Crea­ture. from Animal.

In Iculum▪

In like manner as those in Icu­la. as

  • Vehiculum, a Chariot. from
  • Vehis, non Crescent.
  • Apiculum, a little Tuft or Peak. from Apex, acute Cre­scent.

In Orculus.

From Verbals in Or, by adding Culus, as

  • Amatorculus, a small Sweet-Heart.

In Uncula.

From Verbals in Tio, by re­moving the final O, and adding Uncula, as

  • Aratiuncula, a little Plowing.
  • Oratiuncula, a small Har­angue, or Oration. from Aratio, Oratio.
To which may be added
  • Imaguncula, a little Image.
  • Legiuncula, a little Legion. from Imago, Legio.

In Unculus.

Chiefly from Nouns in o, by removing the final o, and adding Unculus. as

  • Homunculus, a pittiful Fel­ow.
  • Latrunculus, a Hedge-Pad­der. from Homo, Latro.
To which may be added
  • Furunculus, a little Thief. from Fur, a Thief.

See also in the first and second Declension.

In Usculum.

For the most part from Grave Crescent Neuters in Us, only by adding Culum to the final Us. as

  • Corpusculum, a little Body.
  • Munusculum, a little Gift.
  • Opusculum, A little Work. from Corpus, Munus, Opus.
To which may be added
  • Corculum, a Sweet-Heart.
  • Jusculum, Broth. from Cor, Jus.

In the fourth Declension.

In Icula, and Iculus.

by removing the final Us, and adding in Words of the Foe­minine Gender Icula, in those of the Masculine Icu­lus. as

  • Acicula, a little Pin.
  • Anicula, a little Old Woman
  • [Page 28]Versiculus, a little Verse from Acus, Anus, Versus.

In Iculum.

From Neuters of the same De­clension, by removing the final u, and adding Iculum, as

  • Corniculum, a little Horn.
  • Geniculum, a litle Knee. from Cornu, Genu.

In the fifth Declension.

In Ecula.

By casting away S, and add­ing Cula. as

  • Recula, a small Matter, or Estate.
  • Specula, small Hope. from Res, Spes.

In Uncula.

Only One.

  • Speciuncula, a little Image. from Species

Diminutives of Nouns Ad­jectives.

These follow the same mode and form as Substantive Di­minutives, according to the se­veral Declensions to which they are Reducible. as

  • Grammaticaster, Pedantick.
  • Parvulus, very Little.
  • Pulchellus, somewhat Fair.
  • Molliculus, somwhat Soft. from Grammaticus, Parvus, Pulcher, Mollis.

But some peculiar Diminu­tives there are, viz.

In Aculus, and Oculus.

From Adjectives in Ax and Ox, by removing the final X, and adding Culus. as

  • Audaculus, somewhat Bold.
  • Loquaculus, Talkative.
  • Feroculus, somewhat Fierce. from Audax, Loquax, Fe­rox. Also

In Usculus.

From the Neuters of Compar­ative Degrees, by adding Culus. as

  • Duriusculus, somewhat Har­der.
  • Meliusculus, somwhat Bet­ter.
  • Molliusculus, somwhat Sof­ter. from Durius, Melius, Mollius.

Diminutives of Verbs. In Illo.

By putting Ill before the final O, and in the second Con­jugation removing E. as

  • Cantillo, to Chaunt, to Chirp.
  • Sorbillo, to Sip. from Can­to, Sorbeo.

Diminutives of Adverbs In Um.

These are commonly the Di­minutives of Adverbs, deriv'd from Adjectives, and Formed by the same manner as the Ad­jectives, from whence they come. as

  • Paululum, a Little.
  • Quantillum, how Little.
  • Tantillum, so little. from Paulum, Tantum, Quan­tum.

In Usculé.

From their Adjectives, dimin­ish'd from the Neuters of Comparative Degrees. as

  • Duriuscule, Somwhat hard­ly.
  • Meliusculé, somwhat Better.
  • Molliusculé, somwhat more Softly. from Duriusculus,
  • Meliusculus, Molliusculus.
To these may be added
  • Clanculum, somwhat Pri­vately. from Clam, both Ad­verb and Praeposition, by chng­ing m into n, and adding Culum.


THere was doubtless never any Language or Speech in any part of the World, to which there did not more or less, somthing of Composition belong, that is a sort of Coalition or Consociation of two or more Words together: But of all Languages that ever were Writ or Spoke, I verily believe the Greek first, and after that the Latin, have far the most▪ Elegant and Graceful way of Composition. Of the latter my purpose is to say somthing at present, with as much Brevity as may be.

Verbs, Nouns, Adverbs, Praepositions, are all Compoundable one among another, but the most common and frequent sort of Composition, is of Verbs with Praepositions.

Praepositions that admit of Composition with Verbs.

A, (otherwise Ad or Abs)
  • Ad, To.
  • Ante Before.
  • Circum, About.
  • Contra, Against.
  • Cum, With. In Comp. Con.
  • De, From.
  • E (otherwise Ex) out of In.
  • Inter, between.
  • Ob, For.
  • [Page 31]Per, By, or Through.
  • Prae, Before.
  • Praeter, Beside:
  • Pro, For.
  • Post, After.
  • Sub, and Subter. Under.
  • Super, Above.
  • Trans, Beyond.
  • Averto, to Turn away.
  • Adjaceo, to lie Near.
  • Antecedo, to goe Before.
  • Circumago, to wind about.
  • Consumo, to Consume.
  • Contradico, to Contradict; or Gain-say.
  • Detraho, to Detract, or take from.
  • Edormio, to sleep out or away.
  • Exhalo, to Breath out.
  • Inveho, to Bring in.
  • Intersero, to Plant between.
  • Obsisto, to stand against.
  • Perfodio, to Dig through.
  • Praeeo, to goe before.
  • Praetermitto, to let Goe be­side, to pass by.
  • Produco, to Produce.
  • Postpono, to set After.
  • Subscribo, to Subscribe.
  • Supervenio, to come upon.
  • Transfero, to carry Over, to remove from one Place or thing to another.

Particles like Praepositions, join'd in Composition to Verbs.

  • Am, About.
  • Di or Dis, a Note of Divi­sion.
  • Re, Backward.
  • Se, Apart. as
  • Ambigo, to be in Doubt about any Business.
  • Digero, to Digest, to carry into divers Parts.
  • Recedo, to go Back.
  • Redamo, to Love again.

Where it is to be observed, that Re coming before a Vow­el, D is Interposed.

Sepono, to set Apart.

Verbs which in Composition change A into E.

  • Arceo, to Drive.
  • Carpo, to Crop.
  • Damno, to Condemn.
  • Fallo, to Deceive.
  • Farcio, to Stuff.
  • Fatiscor, to be Weary.
  • Gradior, to Go.
  • Lacto, to Suckle.
  • Pario, to Bring forth.
  • Partio, and Partior, to Di­vide.
  • [Page 32]Pasco, to Feed.
  • Patior, to Suffer.
  • Patro, to Commit.
  • Sacro, to Hallow.
  • Scando, to Climb.
  • Spargo, to Sprinkle.
  • Tracto, to Handle.
Whence E. Gr.
  • Coerceo, to Restrain.
  • Decerpo, to Pluck from.
  • Condemno, to Condemn.
  • Refello, to Refell.
  • Confercio, to Stuff or cram in
  • Defetiscor, to be Weary.
  • Digredior, to goe Aside.
  • Delecto, to Delight, also to Allure.
  • Reperio, to find.
  • Impertio, and Impertior, to Impart.
  • Compesco, to Pasture to­gether.
  • Perpetior, to Suffer much.
  • Perpetro, to do a Business Throughly.
  • Consecro, to Consecrate.
  • Ascendo, to Ascend, or climb Up.
  • Dispergo, to Dispierce.
  • Contrecto, to handle Wan­tonly.
To these may be Added
  • From Capto, Accepto, Re­cepto.
  • From Jacto, Dejecto, Ejecto
  • From Halo, Anhelo, only.
  • From Mando Commendo, Emendo.
  • From Canto, Occento
  • From Paro, only Impero.
There are also excepted from the former these few.
  • From Lacto, Ablacto.
  • From Tracto, Pertracto, Retracto.

Verbs which in Composition change A, Ae or E, into I

  • Ago, to Doe.
  • Cado, to Fall.
  • Cano, to Sing,
  • Capio, to Take.
  • Caedo, to Beat.
  • Egeo, to Want
  • Emo, to Buy.
  • Facio, to Doe
  • Frango, to Break.
  • Habeo, to Have.
  • Lego, to Read. Also to Ga­ther.
  • Jacio, to Cast.
  • Lacio, to Allure.
  • Laedo, to Hurt.
  • Lateo, to lie Hid.
  • Maneo, to Remain.
  • [Page 33]Pango, to Fasten.
  • Placeo, to Please.
  • Premo, to Press.
  • Quaero, to Seek.
  • Rapio, to Snatch.
  • Rego, to Rule.
  • Salio, to Leap.
  • Sapio, to be Wise.
  • Sedeo, to Sit.
  • Specio, to Behold.
  • Statuo, to Appoint.
  • Taceo, to hold ones Peace.
  • Tango, to Touch.
  • Teneo, to Hold.
Whence E. Gr.
  • Adigo, to Drive in.
  • Incido, to Fall in.
  • Occino, to Sing to.
  • Decipio, to Decieve.
  • Incido, to Cut into.
  • Indigeo, to Want:
  • Perimo, to Destroy.
  • Conficio, to make up.
  • Perfringo, to Break Through.
  • Cohibeo, to Restrain, or hold Back.
  • Eligo, to Choose.
  • Dejicio, to cast Down.
  • Pellicio, to Allure.
  • Allido, to Dash against.
  • Deliteo, or Delitesco, to lie Hid.
  • Emineo, to Stand or hang out.
  • Compingo, to fasten toge­ther.
  • Displiceo, to Displease.
  • Deprimo, to Depress, to press down.
  • Inquiro, to Inquire.
  • Eripio, to Snatch away.
  • Dirigo to Direct.
  • Assilio, to Leap at, or against.
  • Insipio, to be Unwise.
  • Resideo, to Reside.
  • Despicio, to Look down upon, to Despise.
  • Constituo, to Constitute, or Appoint.
  • Reticeo, to hold ones Peace.
  • Attingo, to Touch upon, to attain to.

Several Compounds of some of the fore-going Verbs, which change not the Vowel A, viz.

  • From Ago, Circumago.
  • From Pango, Depango, Circumpango, Oppango, Repango.
  • From Maneo, Permaneo, Remaneo.
  • From Placeo, Complaceo. Perplaceo,

Compounds which changing in the Praesent Tense take back the Praeterper perfect Tense, and Supine of the Simple, viz.

  • From Ago. Exigo, Exegi, Exactum.
  • From Emo. Perimo, Peremi, Peremptum.
  • From Frango. Confringo, Confregi, Confractum.
  • From Lego. Colligo, Col­lectum.
  • From Pango. Impingo, Im­pegi, Impactum.
  • From Premo. Deprimo De­pressi, Depressum.
  • From Sedeo. Praesideo, Prae­sedi, Praesessum
  • From Specio. Conspicio, Conspexi, Conspectum.

Compounds which only change A into E in the Supine

  • From Facio. Efficio, Effeci, Effectum.
  • From Jacio. Ejicio, Ejeci, Ejectum.

Verbs which in Composition change A into U.

  • Calco, to Tread.
  • Salto, to Leap.
  • Scalpo, to Scratch.
Whence E. Gr.
  • Conculco, to Tread down.
  • Insulto, to Insult.
  • Exsculpo, to Scrach out.

Verbs which in Composition throw out A and retain U.

  • Claudo, to Shut.
  • Lavo, to Wash.
  • Quatio, to Shake.
Whence E Gr.
  • Occludo, to shut against.
  • Diluo, to Wash away.
  • Percutio, to Smite.

Praepositions which in Compo­sition change (but not al­ways) their final Conso­nant.

Ab, which changes B into U before F. as
  • Aufero, to Carry from.
  • Aufugio, to flie from.

Before other Consonants or a Vowel or H changes not. as

  • Abduco, to Lead away.
  • Abluo, to Wash away.
  • Abnuo, to Refuse.
  • [Page 35]Abripio, to Snatch away.
  • Aboleo, to Abolish.
  • Abhorreo, to Abhor.

Except before T, where S is added. as in


Ad which before c. f. g. l. n. p. r. s. t. for the most part changes the final D into the said Consonants, being the Initial Letters of the several Simple Verbs. as in
  • Accurro, to Run to.
  • Affero, to Bring to.
  • Aggravo, to Aggravate.
  • Allatro, te Bark against.
  • Annuo, to give Consent.
  • Applico, to Applie.
  • Arrideo, to Please.
  • Assero, to Assert.
  • Attero, to Wear against.

Some times we say Adfero, Adlatro, &c. Before q chan­ges into, c. as

  • Acquiro, to Get.

Before D. j Consonant. M. and V Consonant, or a Vow­el or H, changes not. as in

  • Adduco, to Lead to.
  • Adjaceo, to Lie near.
  • Admoveo, to Move toward.
  • Adveho, to carry to.
  • Adorior, to set Upon.
  • Adhortor, to Exhort.
  • Con (made of Cum) which before L and R changes in the same manner as Ad. as in
  • Colloco, to Place.
  • Corrado, to Scrape together.

Before b and p, changes n. into m. as in

  • Combibo, to Drink together▪
  • Compono, to Compose.

Before c. d▪ f. g. j. n q. s. t. v. changes not. as in

  • Concludo, to Conclude.
  • Conduco, to Hire.
  • Confero, to Compare.
  • Congrego, to Gather together.
  • Conjuro, to Conspire.
  • Conniveo, to Connive.
  • Conqueror, to Complain.
  • Consumo, to Consume.
  • Contendo, to Contend.
  • Converto, to Convert.

Before Nosco, n is changed into g. as

  • Cognosco, to Know.
E and EX which only differ in this, that the first comes al­together before Consonants, the other before Vowels, H, and these following Conso­nants. p. s. t. as
  • [Page 36]Egredior, to Goe out.
  • Eximo, to Take out.
  • Exhalo, to Exhale.
  • Expleo, to Find out.
  • Exsicco, (or Exicco, the S being oft times Included.) To Dry.
  • Extraho, to Draw out.
In which before l. m. r. chan­ges as aforesaid▪ as in
  • Illudo, to Mock at.
  • Immineo, to Hang over.
  • Irrumpo, to Break into.

Before c. d. f. g. j. n. q. s. t. a Vowel and h, changes not. as in

  • Incalesco, to grow Warm.
  • Indico, to Denounce.
  • Inflecto, to Bend in.
  • Ingredior, to Enter in.
  • Injicio, to Cast in.
  • Innotesco, to be Known.
  • Inquiro, to Inquire.
  • Infisto, to Insist.
  • Intrudo, to Intrude.
  • Invado, to Invade.
  • Inuro, to Burn into.
  • Inhibeo, to Restrain

Before B and P changes N into M. as in

  • Imbibo, to Drink in:
  • Impono, to Impose.

Before N somtimes changes into G. as in

  • Ignosco, to Pardon.
Ob, which before c. f. (but not always) and p changes, as aforesaid, as
  • Occaeco, to Blind.
  • Offero, to Offer.
  • Oppugno, to Oppose, or Fight against.

Before other Consonants or a Vowel, changes not. as in

  • Obduco, to Draw over.
  • Objicio, to Object.
  • Obligo, to Obliege.
  • Obmutesco, to be Mute.
  • Obnubilo, to Over-Cloud.
  • Obrepo, to Creep upon any one Unawars.
  • Obsigno, to set a Mark against
  • [Page 37]Obtego. to Cover over.
  • Obvenio, to come Against.
  • Oborior, to Rise Against.

Except in

  • Ostendo, to Shew. Most pro­bably from Ob and Tendo, wherein the change is Parti­cular, of B and S.
  • Per, which changes only before L. as in
  • Pellicio, to Allure.

Not before any other Con­sonant, or any Vowel. as

  • Perdisco, to Learn Throughly.
  • Perfodio, to Dig Through.
  • Permuto, to Change.
  • Peroro, to tell a Tale to an End, &c.
  • Pro, which before a Vowel hath always D Interposed. as
  • Prodeo, to go Forth.

Otherwise suffers no Alte­ration. as in

  • Prosum, to be Profitable; in all Persons and Tenses that begin with a Consonant.
Sub, which before c. f. g. m (somtimes) p. r. changes as aforesaid. as in
  • Succino. to Sing to▪
  • Sufficio, to Suffice.
  • Suggero, to Suggest.
  • Summoveo, (and somtimes
  • Submoveo) to Remove away.
  • Suppono, to Suppose.
  • Surripio, to Snatch away.

Except in

  • Suscipio, to Undertake.
  • Suspendo, to Suspend.

Where before c and p the B is changed into S.

Before d. j. l. n. s. t and v. changes not. as in

  • Subduco, to Withdraw.
  • Subjicio, to Subject.
  • Sublevo, to Relieve.
  • Subnecto, to Tie under.
  • Substerno, to Strow under.
  • Subtraho, (or S being somtimes added) Substraho, to Draw away.
  • Subvenio, to Help.
  • Subigo, to Knead.

Except in

  • Suspicio, to Look up, to Ho­nour, to Suspect.

Whence Suspicor, where B before the S is Lost.

Sustineo, to Sustain:

Whence Sustento.

Sustollo, to Lift up.

Where before T the B is▪ changed into S.

[Page 38]Trans, which before D. J. for the most part loosing its two last Consonants, is changed into Tra. as in

  • Traduco, to Lead Beyond.
  • Trajicio, to Carry Over.

Befere c, p, or a Vowel changes not. as

  • Transcurro, to Run over.
  • Transpono, to Transpose.
  • Transadigo, to Run through.

Adverbs joined in Composition with Verbs.

  • Bene, Well.
  • Male, Ill.
  • Intro, Within.
  • Retro, Backward.
  • Satis, or Sat, Enough.
As in
  • Benedico, to Bless.
  • Maledico, to Curse.
  • Introspicio, to Look within.
  • Retrocedo, to Retire.
  • Satisfacio, to Satisfie.
  • Satago, to Have to Do.
  • Verbals Passive and such like Derivatives from Verbs fol­low, in their Mode of Compo­sition with Praepositions, Ad­verbs and Particles the Su­pines of the Verbs, from which they come. as
In Comprimo.
  • Compressus, Compressio. from Compressum.
In Illudo.
  • Illusus, Illusio. from Illu­sum.
In Perago.
  • Peractus, Peractio. from Peractum.
In Subjicio.
  • Subjectus, Subjectio. from Subjectum.
In Transpono.
  • Transpositus, Transpositio. from Transpositum.

Participles Compounded of not Compounded Verbs.

  • Innocens, Innocent.
  • Indoctus, Unlearned.
  • Ineptus, Unfit. from Noceo,
  • Doceo, and Apiscor, not Compounded with In.
Original Substantives com­pounded with Praepositions. Inter, Ob, Prae, Pro Sub, Super.
  • Convallis, a Dale Inviron'd with Hills. from Con and Vallis.
  • [Page 39]Intervallum, a Space between the Stakes in a Trench.
  • Occiput, the hinder part of the Head.
  • Praenomen, a first Name.
  • Proconsul, a Consuls Deputy.
  • Sublimen, the under part of the Threshold.
  • Supercilium, the Eye-Brow.

Adjectives compounded with Praepositions, In Per, Prae, and Sub. as

  • Infidelis, Unfaithful.
  • Peramplus, very Large.
  • Praeclarus, highly Bright, or Noble.
  • Subrufus, somwhat Ruddy.

Particular Noun Substantives made of the composition of Praepositions, and Verbs.

  • Antefactum, a Deed fore­done. from Ante, and Facio.
  • Congeries. a Heap. from Con and Gero.
  • Exidium Destruction. from Ex and Caedo.
  • Infundibulum, a Funnel. from In and Fundo.
  • Interstitium, a Place to stand Between.
  • from In and Sto.
  • Obstaculum, an Obstacle. from Ob and Sto.
  • Perjurium, Perjury. from
  • Per, and Juro.
  • Praeludium, a Praelude. from
  • Prae and Ludo.
  • Subsidium, Aid. from Sub and Sedeo.
  • Transfuga, a Revolter to the other Side. from Trans and Fugio.
  • Subterfugium, a Privy Es­cape. from Subter, and Fu­gio.

Particular Adjectives made of the composition, of Prae­positions and Verbs.

  • Collectitius, gathered from many Sorts. from Con, and Lego.
  • Demonstrativus, Demonstra­tive. from De and Mon­stro.
  • Objurgatorius, pertaining to Chiding. from Ob and Jurgo.
  • Perfunctorius; Slightly done. from Per and Fungor.
  • Promiscuus, mix'd at Ran­dom. from Pro and Misceo.
  • Subdititius, put in Place of Another. from Sub and Do.
  • [Page 40]Transitorius, passing quick Away. from Trans and Eo.

Adverbs deriv'd from Adject­ives follow the same form of Composition▪ as the Ad jectives, they came from. as

  • Infideliter, Unfaithfully. from Infidelis.
  • Praeclaré, very Nobly. from Praeclarus.
  • Perjucunde, very Pleasantly. from Perjucundus.
  • Submissé, Humbly. from Submissus.

Noun Substantives, made of the composition of Praeposi­tions, with Substantives. as

  • Antecoenium, a Drinking be­tween Dinner and Supper. from Ante and Caena.
  • Interlunium, the space be­tween each Change of the Moon.
  • Pomaerium, a space about a Town-Wall. from Post and Murus.

Adjectives made of the compo­sition of Praepositions, with Substantives.

  • Antelucanus, done before Daylight▪ from Ante & Lux.
  • Decolor, changing Colour▪ from De and Color.
  • Extemporaneus, done with­out Study, or Meditation, from Ex and Tempus.
  • Inermis Unarmed. from In and Arma.
  • Perennis Continual. from Per and Annus.
  • Subdialis, Done, or being in the open Air.

Nouns Substantive and Ad­jective, made of the com­position of Substantives, with Adverbs or Particles.

  • Biennium, the space of two Years. from Bis and Annus.
  • Non nihil, Somthing. from Non, and Nihil.
  • Semivir, half a Man. from Semis, and Vir.
  • Triduum, the space of three Dayes. from Ter and Dies.
  • Biceps, having two Heads. from Bis and Caput.
  • Biformis, having two Forms. from Bis and Forma.

Nouns made of the composition of Substantives, with Substantives.

  • Argentangina, the Silver Squinancy.
  • Capricornus, Capricorn.
  • Rupicapra, a Wild-Goat.
  • Aeripes, Brazon-Footed.
  • Loripes, Crump-Feeted.
  • Retiformis, being in the form of a Nett.

Nouns made of the composi­tion of Adjectives, with Substantives.

  • Laticlavium, a broad wel­ted Garment.
  • Latifundium, a large Posses­sion.
  • Novilunium, New-Moon.
  • Plenilùnium, Full-Moon.
  • Multicolor, of many Co­lours.
  • Omniformis, Of all Forms or Shapes.

Nouns made of the composition of Substantives, with Verbs.

  • Agricola, a Husband-Man.
  • Funambulo, a Rope-Dancer.
  • Homicidium, Manslaughter.
  • Lanificium, Woolen Manu­facture.
  • Lucifuga, a flyer of Light.
  • Lumbifragium, a Fracture about the Loins.
  • Solstitium, the time of the Sun's seeming to stand Still.
  • Terrigena, Earth-Born.
  • Tyrocinium, Apprentiship.
  • Aliger, Wing-bearing.
  • Fatidicus, Fore-telling.
  • Faedifragus, Covenant break­ing.
  • Imbrifer, bringing Showers.
  • Montivagus, Mountain wan­dering.
  • Odorifer, carrying any Smell, or Scent.
  • Ventriloqus, speaking in the Belly.

Nouns made of the composition of Adjectives, with Verbs.

  • Multinuba, one that hath been [Page 42] Married to Many.
  • Stultiloquium, a thing spo­ken Foolishly▪
  • Multiscius, Knowing much.
  • Omnivorus, all Devouring.
  • Suaviloquus, Sweet-Speaking.

Adjectives made of the compo­sition of Verbs, with Substan­tives.

  • Versicolor, turning Colour.
  • Versipellis, turning Skin.

Nouns made of the composition of Adverbs, with Verbs.

  • Beneficus, Beneficial.
  • Maleficus, Doing ill.
  • Beneficium, a Benefit.
  • Maleficium, an ill Turn.
Adjectives compounded with Adjectives.
  • Dulcacidus, Sower-Sweet.
  • Dulcamarus, Bitter-Sweet.
  • Ambidexter, Using both Hands alike.
Verbs Compounded of Nouns Substantive.
  • Lucrifacio, to make a Gain.
  • Mellifico, to make Honey.
  • Rumigero, to carry Reports.
  • Aequipolleo, to be of Equal Force and Vertue.
  • Multiplico, to Multiplie.
  • Pinguefio, to become Fat.
  • Vilipendo, to set at Nought.
  • Sacrifico, to Sacrifice.

Verbs Compounded with Verbs.

  • Calfacio, to make Hot.
  • Frigefacio, to make Cold.
  • Olfacio, to give a Tast or Smell.
  • Tepefacio, to make Warm.
  • Valedico, to bid Farewell.

Adverbs compounded with other Adverbs, or with Prae­positions.

  • Medius Fidius, By my faith.
  • Nudius Tertius, two days ago.
  • Quoquoversum, Every way.
  • Circumcirca, All about.


DEcomposita, or Decompounds are Words Doubly Composite, or Compaunds Compounded: The Chiefest whereof are Verbs, doubly Compounded with Praepositions, besides those Participles, Substan­tives and Adverbs, which are De­riv'd from Verbs.

Verbs compounded with Prae­position upon Praeposition, or Particle.
  • Pertranseo, to Pass by.
  • Praeexisto, to have a Being before.
  • Subinvideo, to Envy somwhat
  • Superinduco, to Draw over.
  • Transadigo, to Pierce▪
Participles or Adjectives from Verbs.
  • Incompositus, Uncompos'd
  • Indissolubilis, Indissolvable.
  • Incomprehensibilis, Incom­prehensible.
  • Praeconceptus, Conceiv'd be­fore.
  • Subinvisus, somwhat Hated.
Substantives from Verbs.
  • Indifferentia, Indifferency,
  • Irreverentia, Irreverence.
  • Praeeminentia, Praeeminence.
  • Praeexistentia, a Praeexistence
  • Supererogatio, a giving more than is Required.
  • Superinductio, a Drawing over.
Adverbs from Verbs.
  • Incomposité, Uncomposedly.
  • Incontinenter, Incontinently.
  • Indesinenter, Incessantly.
Adjectives not from Verbs.
  • Impervius, Unpassable.
  • Perinfamis, very Infamous.
  • Perinfirmus, very Weak.
Compounds Decompounded with one Praeposition.
  • Imparisyllabicus, having not a like number of Syllables.
  • Inarefactus, Dried up to Pow­der.
  • Inartificialiter, Unartificially
  • Incalfacio, to make Hot.
  • Percalfacio, to Heat very much.

This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Text Creation Partnership. This Phase I text is available for reuse, according to the terms of Creative Commons 0 1.0 Universal. The text can be copied, modified, distributed and performed, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.