[Page] GODS DOINGS, AND MANS DUTY, Opened in a SERMON Preached before both Houses of PAR­LIAMENT, the Lord Major and Aldermen of the City of LONDON, and the Assembly of DIVINES; at the last Thanksgiving Day, April 2.

For the recovering of the West, and disbanding 5000 of the Kings Horse, &c. 1645.

Quadragesimus hic quintus mirabilis Annus
Ang. Hyb. Sco. requiem det Deus ut pariat.
This fourty-fifth great yeer, of wondrous worth,
Lord grant it may Great Brittain's peace bring forth.

By HUGH PETERS Preacher of the Gospel.

Judg. 3. 31. So let all thine enemies perish, O Lord; but let them that love him, be as the Sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the Land had rest fourty yeers.

The second Edition, corrected by the Author.

LONDON, Printed by M. S. for G. Calvert, at the sign of the black Spred-Eagle, at the West end of Paul. 1646.


I Professe that I never thought my self master of my own Trade, and therefore never forward either to cast such a mite as this into your Publique Treasury, or to be in Print with the rest of my brethren: But since it was your pleasure to make choice of me to bring in a Narrative of Gods bountie, as being an eye-witnesse to many of his glorious works; I have obeyed, in this, and that. I knew not what better to pitch upon then Gods doing, and your dutie. He [Page] that will not confesse God hath done much, (I fear) means to wave the duty; and who so shall slight this duty, must look for that sad Curse of Anathema Maranatha: And therefore I again commend it to you. They that have much given, and much forgiven, will love much. The woman spent all that shee had upon Physitians, for the cure of her Bloudy Issue, and nothing would heal, till shee toucht the hem of his garment, who was the way contrived in Heaven, to bring over Sal­vation to man: I doe believe it hath been thus far your Cure to this Bloudy Disease; and to enjoy a thorow Cure, I beseech you stoop againe, and touch the hem again: you cannot honour the Lord more then in loving his Sonne and believing in him.

Bear with my rudenesse; if I say you must be very hard put to it in your Counsels, should you not live comfortably upon your experiences, and cheerfully looke all changes in the face for time to come? You have a greater stock by you, then the greatest and richest Nation in the world could get and lay up for themselves. The same God give you skill to improve it to his advan­tage, and the good of this poor Kingdome, that begins to breathe againe (through his blessing [Page] upon your unexampled care and travell.) Me­thinks I see the Ages to come marking your doors and dwellings as the habitations of their Deli­verers. I wish that never a soule of you may die at Nebo, but come to their injoyments of Ca­naans milk and honey. You seem to have before you two or three great mountaines to go over: and though I can contribute little to your encou­ragement, yet I will beg your wonted patience for a few words.

First, since you are still buzz'd in the ear with a desperate encrease of Errour, give me leave to offer this Expedient by way of Quaere. The wound seems to be in the Understanding, and the Cure must lie there: (Vnder favour) what if some con­venient place or places in the City were set apart two or three times weekly, where godly learned men appointed by your selves, and the Leaders or Heads of those Errours (as they are termed) might have leave to come, and there in a brotherly way take and give satisfction? for as Con­claves have alwayes been dangerous, so these poor erring men cannot have the benefit to ap­pear with boldnesse; and reasonable souls may sooner certainly be taught with Reason and Scripture, then with cudgels and blowes. Tyrannus had a School; [Page] and Christ disputed with the Doctors in their Sy­nagogue.

Religio docenda est, non coercenda. Wollchius.

Religion is to be taught, not forced. This I am sure, Conviction should goe before Punishment. The Lord will not burne Sodome, till be see whether the report be true. I pray con­sider Gen. 18. [...]1. it.

Secondly, for the present Government, in order to any man or men, if you keep to the pre­mises, the Lord himselfe will make a blessed con­clusion.

Thirdly, for further Hostility; the Lord hath own'd you and your Army, and made you formi­dable beyond what we conceive at home; my onely fear hath been diseases in our bowels; which gave me that boldnesse to urge a neer union betwixt your selves and the Citie, which hath since a double knot upon it by your late full and satisfying Declara­tion, and your ordering the dissenters about Church­matters to bring in their severall thoughts backt by the Word, that so you may keep to that Clause in the Covenant which concerns England. One­ly be couragious, and your work will be issued so, as your selves and wee shall cry, Grace, Josh. 1. grace, &c.

[Page] For any other request unto you, I have but one: I most humbly beseech you, spread that Gospell you own; and to that end doe professe my grief not onely for the miserable, dark, and ignorant parts of the Kingdom; but that di­vers Orthodox, learned, faithful Ministers of the Gospel, with their precious Flocks, can­not enjoy publick places in the City, but their [...]ry gifts and almost their persons, are stifled by being thrust into corners, which keep them under the name of Schismatiques, whose souls have panted under your service in these cala­mitous times; and their purses constantly open­ed, themselves hazarded beyond many: a word from you, may enlarge them.

And for my self, I acknowledge here before God, Angels and men, the Characters of your favour; protesting that your work hath been so good and so sweet, that I have found my wa­ges wrapt up in my work, and a great additi­on by your acceptance. I could even say as he did:

Si in vita prodesse possim, quid vis imperate; si in morte, vel occidite; quicquid de me statue­tis; hoc semper confitebor & profitebor sem­per, hanc vestra humanitas mihi fecit, injuriam, quod vivam & moriar ingratus.

[Page] If my life may be profitable, command what you please: if my death, even kill me; whatever you shall determine of mee, this will I alwayes confesse and professe, this injury your humanity hath done me, that I shall live and dye ungratefull.

I blesse God heartily for a Parliament, yea, for this Parliament: and the blessing of him that was in the bush, and kept it in the fire, be upon you and yours for ever: And let all that love the God of Heaven, who is the God of England, say


My Lords and Gentlemen,
I am Yours most humbly devoted, Hugh Peters.

To the Honourable, the Lord Ma­jor, the Aldermen, and the Com­mon-Counsell of this famous City of LONDON.

YOu were invited to what ensues by the Honourable Houses, and you invited them to a portion sutable to that day; and I take leave to return you thanks for their and your patience towards my selfe, in hearing what I now present, for which I humbly crave favour of them and you for some inlargements, being then pent into much narrow­nesse in regard of the time, and the rather, because I strove to sute your expressions of respect and love to them, who deserve so much from your selves, and the Christian World. How I have been re­presented unto you, and others, by printings or otherwise, shall not fill up this paper; I must re­serve to some other way, which shortly I shall doe (God willing;) but in the mean time and ever doe professe my constant respect to and esteem of this Citie, from your first compliance to the great Counsel of this Kingdome, that I have left remem­brances of you in forren parts, and (without flat­tery) [Page] do think this City one of the best peeces of ground in the World. I am sorry I caus'd any un­expected smiles in my zeal for your further conjun­ction with the Head and Heart of this Nation; If I commended you as a good portion, he did not An Epist. to a Sermon. well that thought, it ridiculous; nor do I think you too good a portion for those I wooed you un­to. You know me, and your wisdoms know how to make allowance to my zeal: They have a strong appetite to quarrel, that are offended at expedients presented against future quarrelling, My sighs to God for you are these, That you may still move with faithfulnesse in your own Orbe, That you remember you and yours live in a Parliament, That you are made wealthy for others, not your selves alone, That you would not make Opinions your Interest which are changeable, but God­linesse and Faithfulnesse, That you would rather punish known sins, shew mercy to the poor, a known duty, maintain Civil peace, look to your City-priviledges rather then lose your selves in doubtful questions, I must remember you that I have heard many of you wish for such a Parliament and such an Army: Own your own desires, and be assured your constant concurrence with our great Counsel, will not onely be your present safety, but strength to posterity. Beleeve it, a now suspected party in the Kingdom, have no further designe then your and the Liberty of the Nation from Bondage; who deserve your love, not your displeasure. The God of all grace be with your spirits, and help you to love him, who hath kept you in the midst of your relations and comforts, whilest so many thousands [Page] have fallen on the one hand and the other of you: May your souls prosper under the abundance of rich means you enjoy: May your examples for wis­dom, piety, faithfulnesse, love to the Lord Jesus and his Saints, provoke the next Generation to glorious things. These are the desires and heartie breathings of,

My Lord and Gentlemen,
Yours in any service for Christ, Hu. PETER.

To my truly Honorable and Faith­ful General Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX.


ONe of the greatest comforts I have bad in this world next to the grace of God in Christ to my poor soul, hath been to be a Member of your Army, and a Spectator of his presence with you and it. What others doe, I know not; but it is my duty to return to my work, and to meet you again; which I am bold to doe with this simple pre­sent. I know your minde, who must not, will not be flat­ter'd; nor am I skilful in that mystery: I have seen you upon Earth, and doubt not but to meet you triumphing in Heaven. I onely must crave leave to speak your own words, That your great experiences of Gods power and mercy, have made strong obligation upon you to love him and the Saints, which I have seen you doe impartially: you have made it your interest, and now finde you are not deceived. The God of all your unparallel'd mercy dwell in that thri­ving soul of yours, strengthen you throughout to the com­pleating of this great Work, yea

Serus in coelum redeas, diuque
Laetus intersis populo Britanno.
After t [...] England hath long, long enjoy'd you;
At length returne to him, who here imploy'd you.

For my self (if it be worth your acceptance) I am resol­ved to live and die in your and the Kingdoms service; and as you have obliged three Kingdomes to you and many thousands of Saints, so none of them more to honour you then

SIR, Your ever faithful servant in Christ,

A Sermon preached before the Ho­nourable Houses of PARLIAMENT, the LORD MAIOR and ALDERMEN of the City of London, and the Assembly, for the glorious Successe it pleased God to give our Army, in dissolving 5000 of the Kings Horse, and reducing Corn­wal, and neer all the West.

PSAL. 31. 23.‘Love the Lord all ye his Saints: for the Lord preserveth the faithful, and plenteously rewardeth the proud doer.’

THe little time left for this Work, must be improved to the best advantage; and therefore though we must be beholden to the Neighbourhood of the words before and after the Text, yet we shall for­bear to speak any thing at all of the whole Book of Psalms, and no more then neds of this. It is ea­sily agreed that this Psalm is

1. [...], 2. [...], 3. [...].

1. His Prayer you have to the twentieth Verse; and therein,

  • 1. His desires for his own safety, to the 18.
  • 2. His request tending to the ruine of his enemies, in the two following Verses.

2. His Praises, in the 21 and 22 Verses, which are

  • 1. Either [...], for all.
  • 2. Or [...], for himself in special.

3. A hortatory Conclusion, in the two last Versea. O love the Lord all yee his Saints, &c.

In the Text briefly th [...]se two things fall under consideration.

  • [Page 2]1. The Duty, Love the Lord; and that set out divers wayes: By intensivenesse in the Exclamation, By the Object, and by the universality of those enga­ged, &c. But time checks me: these, with others, I can hardly name.
  • 2. The Arguments carrying on the Duty.
    • 1. Because be preserveth the faithful.
    • 2. Because be plenteously rewardeth the proud doer.

Thus much onely of the Logick of the Text; something of the Grammar of it, and then shortly to the Divinity, and those profita­ble and seasonable Truths it will afford. Some few words are to be attended in the clearing the sense.

Saints here in the text is or may be read, Ye that feel mercies.

Faithful, the word is sometimes taken for persons, sometimes things; and so the Lord is said to preserve True men, and Truths; Faithfull men, and Faithfulnesses.

He plenteously rewardeth the proud doer; or the Lord rewardeth plen­teously: The Lord, who doth wonderful things. Plenteously is either in cumulum, abundè, or in nepotes, as some would have it; But I would rather commend, then goe about to amend Translations; though I could wish some of my learned Brethrens quarrelling hours were rather spent upon clearing the Originals, and so convey­ing [...] pure Scripture to posterity, then in scratching others with their sharpned Pens, and making Cockpits of Pulpits.

I make all haste to the work of the day; and the Verse before the Text will be like a going down into a deep Well, where we may discover Stars at noon. Mercies are best observed from depths of Misery: and set them off like Foyles the Diamonds.

I said in my haste, I am cut off from before thine eyes: or I said in my hastening, 1 Sam. 23. David was in a running posture.

The Greek translates it in a trance, or extasie; and truly this is worth our thoughts this very day: we have had our hasty times and trances, when we thought we had been all cut off, who are now left living monuments of rich mercy. Many of us here, were even upon the wing, imbanking our Money, and hastning after it. And if you shal enquire after the rise of this temper or distemper of Spirit, how David and other Saints prove so succumbent and s [...]attered: I answer, It hath three springs.

[Page 3] 1. From the Lord afflicting, who puts more weight into the Scale then we minde, and often makes a small affliction heavie: yea, they that could goe over a mountain, at other times stick at a mole­hill: as Jacob will not be comforted about a son; as if he had nei­ther Gen. 37. 35. a childe left, nor a God.

2. From the party afflicted, and that in three cases.

First, from a natural sense of pain, more then of comfort: Ha­man Esth. 3. is more pinched with one crosse in Mordecay, then pleased with all the contents in Court, though (you know) few favourites fared better for a time: and it is but a short time the best of that generati­on have; poor Sun-dyals that are never minded in foggie and clou­dy dayes.

Secondly, from the over-weening some contents, which causeth faintings to us in the losing them. My son Absalon, O my son, my son, cries David, as if heaven and earth hed been wrapt up in his weigh­ty 2 Sam. 19. 4. locks.

Thirdly, through inconsideratenesse, and not searching the end Lam. 3. 9. of things: for the Church came down wonderfully.

3. From the pressures and afflictions themselves, and that,

First, from the multitude of them: what one will not, cannot do, Psal. 38. many may. This Prophet at one time was the scorn of drunkards, suspected by the godly, abused by his own son, betrayed by his friend.

Secondly, from the greatnesse of them, and that especially when they either fall upon an unsound part, when Job was remembred of the sin of his youth not quite healed; or upon a noble part, the soul and conscience: we know the brain, heart, and liver being toucht, will soon complain.

Thirdly, from the continuance of them. The Church complains, I was afflicted from my youth up. To lie so long at Bethesda, and to be bowed down eighteen yeers, as the poor woman in the Gospel was, will put the soul upon hastening, as Davids: but all these gusts are over-blown, and the Lord shines in upon him, as you see in the close of the Verse before the Text; upon which smiles of Gods face, he cries out as you here see, O love the Lord all yee his Saints, &c.

In which words there are many divine Conclusions: but in these narrow limits of time, I shall confine my self to One main Truth, which I conceive will be the principal Work of this day: and that will take up both Arguments used here by the Prophet to enforce [Page 4] the duty: and in the end I shall make bold to take up the duty to enforce my designe.

And therefore to lay much in a little room, this is that the Spi­rit of God commends unto you.

The faithfull have God for their preserver, whilst the proud doer by the same hand receives wages proportionable to his work. Doct.

A witnesse or two will cast the cause. Salvation belongeth to the Psal. 3. 8. Lord, and thy blessing is upon thy people, Selab.

O thou hope of Israel, the Saviour thereof in the time of trouble. Jer. 14. 8. Psal. 98. 1.

O sing unto the Lora a new song; for he hath done marvellous things: his right hand and his holy arm hath gotten him the victory.

To which Isaiah addes, Lord, thou wilt ordain peace for us; for thou Isa 26. 12. also hast wrought all our works in us.

From Genesis to the Apocalypse, the Scripture gives in a general testimony to this Truth: to which we may let in some more light, by opening these three Casements.

  • 1. Quere, When the Lord doth thus appear preserving the faithful.
  • 2. How he doth it.
  • 3. Why he doth it.

To the first I answer, His preservation looks cut and discovers it self specially in five cases.

1. When he intends to advance his own wisedom, he then be­fools all the counsels of the sons of men; and his Saints shall onely be engaged to him for counsel: and thus the poor man shall save the City, and thus Paphnutius shall save the Councel at Ephesus by the counsel of God, whose singer writ folly upon that learned Age.

2. When he intends to exalt his own power, he comes in more immediately for the Saints preserving, and proclaims to the world its own feeblenesse and weaknesse: and then J [...]el shall do more against Sisera then an Army of men.

3. When he glorifies his mercy; he leaves the Saints to extremi­ties, to reach an opportunity, to lift up that attribute: and thus he leads them from Bacha to Sion, throw a Country of Gyants and harrennesse, where their souls even melt through thirst, and brought them to a mountain of sweete.

4. When the Lord doth purpose to awaken those gifts and graces in their cryings, in their bel [...]evings, in their patient wakings upon Jesus Christ, he will com [...] delivering: he will be sought unto by [Page 5] the house of Israel, and loves to heare the lispings of his little ones. Psal. 107. 6. 19. You have known some Fathers in the Country that leave their Children the other side the Stile, and help them over when they cry; and seeming to leave them sometimes in a throng, and then reach them the hand again upon their complaints. The Lord loves to see Faith in its adhering and assuring acts.

5. The Lord appears when deliverance may be sweetest and dearest, and that in an exigent when one glance of his eye may be worth a whole world. Who remembred us in our low estate, for his mer­cy Psal. 136. 23. endureth for ever: And thus sicknesse commends health, poverty wealth, the storme a haven, and a sinfull wretched world com­mends heaven: Oh how sweet will it be when all tears shall be wil­ped away, all Temptations out-wrestled, Devils, and Sin, and World, and Selfe, all conquered, and we shall be with the Lord for ever!

To the Second, which is, How the Lord preserves: I answer, Ma­ny wayes; but shall onely fix upon two.

1. In Order to means, 2. To Men.

For the former, his greatest and most eminent preservations are by his own spirit, and therefore the two Olive Trees shall supply the Pipes and the Lamps growing on each side the Golden bowle Na­turally, Zach. 4. 6. without any Artifice of mans: and that appears thus;

1. Means can do nothing without him; the Streames are drie, unlesse the spring be full: Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and Isa. 40. 30, 31. the young men shall utterly fall: But they that waite upon the Lord shall renew their strength, they shall mount up with wings at Eagles: they shall run, and not beweary; and they shall walke and not be faint.

1. Though meanes gaine strength, yet they can act no further then he quickens them: It was he that withered Jerobo [...] hand, and knockt off Pharaoh's wheeles, and laid six hundred Iron Cha­riots Psal. 136. 15. under the Cataracts of his displeasure: He overthrew Pharaoh and his hoast in the Red sea, son his mercy endureth for ever.

2. Meanes though quickned, yet they succeed not, nor reach their purposed ends without him: The Madianits shall sheath their Isa. 95. 6. swords in their own bowels; their Webbs shall not become Gar­ments; neither shall they cover themselves with their works.

3. The Spirit of the Lord can doe what it will without meanes; he creates a shadow; for thou hast been a strength to the poore, a Isa. 25. 4. strength to the needy in his distresse, a r [...]fuge from the storme, a [Page 6] shadow from the heate when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storme against the wall; and that appeares thus;

1. Sometimes against all meanes; the waters shall be a wall to Is­rael, and they shall passe through the great deep with dry feet, and Jonah 1. 17. Jonab shall be kept from drowning in the sea by being thrown into the Sea.

2. Sometimes beyond all Meanes: else how should one chase a thousand, and a fancy put many thousands to flight? else how should the shaking of a few leaves and the blowing of Rams-horns do such terrible executions?

3. It is the Lord that doth all that is done by meanes: walk a­bout Psal. 48. 12, 13, 14. Sion, and go round about Her: tell the Towers thereof: mark yee well her Bulwarks: consider her Palaces, that ye may tell it to the generation following: for this God is our God for ever and ever: he will be our guide even unto death. If you say that money answers all things, yet you must heare the Lord say, the gold is mine, your silver is mine: It is not the drug, nor the bread that doth the work, but the spirit of them both.

And for the second, which is his manner of preserving in order to men, yea, destroying men, his working shews it selfe usually in these four particulars:

1. God oftentimes over-awes and overbears them, that Laban shall have little to say to Jacob when he overtakes him: Balaam had an opportunity and spleen enough against Israel, but durst not vent Numb. 25. 23. it, intreats Balacks Messengers to stay all night, would faine be ta­king money; but there was no Incantation against Jacob, nor divi­nation against Israel: for the Lord was with them, and the shout of a King was amongst them. Esau shall rather kisse then kill: for Jacob was a Prince, and had prevailed with God and with man; sc. had wrestled through all his fears that his brother must be his Servant, the Lord putting a bit into his mouth.

2. The Lord often takes away the occasion, that the Sons of Be­lial cannot attempt what they intend: If they in the Acts, which swore Pauls death, had kept their oaths, they had never kept their Acts 25. 12. lives: but he never came within their reach. Ahab sends to all places under Heaven to take Elias; but the Lord sends him away Kings 1. 19. before they came. He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High, shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. Psal. 91. 1.

[Page 7] 3. Oftentimes the Lord stops them in their practises. Jeroboam will needs be striking the Prophet, The Lord strikes him, who is very sensible of the least touch of his anointed ones, or any harme that befalls his Prophets.

4. Lastly, The Lord works by diversion. When Saul thought he 1 Sam. 23. 27. had made sure of David, the Philistims brake in upon his Countrey, and probably had spoyled him in the reare. And that I take to be the meaning of the cloud, Isaiah 25. 5. Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a drie place, even the heat with the sha­dow of a cloud; the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low. The shadow of a cloud intervening betwixt the scorching Sun and the weary Traveller in a hot Countrey, how doth it refresh! God finds his enemies work abroad, that his Saints may not be destroy­ed at home: and since the whole world and all the Princes of it are but the servants of a few Saints, he can put all into severall postures for his preserving ends.

To the third Quere, Why God thus preserves the Saints, I answer in these three particulars:

1. Because of his righteousnesse and holinesse in the very dispen­sations of his judgements, which occasioned this large offer to the Gen. 18. 32. men of Sodom, and caused him to descend so low as ten righteous persons, yea, though they were but as righteous as Lot, who was not without strong corruptions: Who can say his hands are clean? Yet such are called righteous and faithfull: They are called in my Text, even such as have candor upon their spirits; such as take up and own right principles; such as are contented in the main and in the Cause they have in hand, to have glasse-windows made to their hearts; even such as Heathens named Homines simplices & a­pertos: To such he sends his Angels to shew his tender affection, which is better then his protection. To be faithfull doth intitle us to preservation in the deluge of the greatest judgements, that our work will be onely to look to duty which is ours, and leave events to God which are his.

2. God doth it for the glory of his mercy, and therefore sends Gen. 19. 6. his Angels to draw forth Lingerers; and such is his tendernesse, that the righteousnesse of one Lot binds his hands that he can do nothing till the faithfull be preserved. Come my people enter, thou Isa. 26. 20. into thy chambers, and shut thy door about thee: hide thy selfe as it were [Page 8] for a little moment, [...]ntill the i [...]dignation be o [...]rpast. When the birds of prey are abroad, the Hen calls her Chickens under her wings. When tumults are in the streets, the tender Mother gets her Chil­dren into the upper chambers.

3. Through his wise faithfulnesse, or faithfull wisdom, the Lord doth thus by his Saints, and therefore hee saves every crum. No­thing John 6▪ 1 [...]. must be lost; the Lord knows what to doe with crums and fragments, and the saving of what was left, must make the miracle: If there be but a cluster, the branch must not be cut down. The Pro­phet is elegant; Thus [...]aith the Lord, As the new wine is found in the chester, and one sayth, destroy it not, for a blessing is in it; so will I do for my Isai. 65. servants sake, that I may not destroy them all. I beleeve a few clusters in the world have preserved such new wine in them, that this day we taste the blessing. Do not destroy the poore cluster therefore, much lesse destroy it because there's new wine in it, [...]ill you see whether a blessing be with it.

Not a child of Abraham's but shall be blest: It is an old Charter of Gen. 12. 2, 3. a promise. And hence it came to passe, that he preserved the very off-scourings of the world, to carry forth his Name to the world, and maintain that which men call foolishnesse, to bring wisdom to them that knew it not.

And thus farre I have made progresse in the clearing up the for­mer part of that Truth I am to prosecute, and hope by this time we are all agreed, when, and how, and why the Lord preserved the faithfull; and that he plenteously rewardeth the proud doers, re­mains to be made good: Therefore, not to make forfeiture of your patience, I shall onely apply my selfe to these two passages:

  • 1. W [...] the Lord rewardeth them.
  • 2. How he doth it.

The former of these two Questions hath taken up the heads, hearts, and pens of the Christian world for divers years: many cry­ing with those in the Revelation, How long, O Lord holy and true, doest Rev, 6, 10. thou not judge and avenge our bloud on them that dwell on the earth? Some enquiring after the downfall of Antichrist: some looking to the prophesies that concern Gog and Magog, some casting their eve upon the drying up of Euphrates, and the way to be made for the Kings of the East: some looking after the taking a­way him that lette [...], and most men disputing the [...]ying of the [Page 9] two Witnesses; as much condueing to Gods designe in bringing a­bout what is piomised in the second and seventh of Daniel, where the Kingdome is promised to the Saints of the most High; suppo­sing that to be the fifth Monarchy: In all which I shall bee silent for the present, and onely put you in mind of their usuall seasons, wherein we may expect to see proud doers receiving their wages.

1. When the Lord goes his progresse through the world, and rides his circuit amongst the sons of men, and puts a crown upon his glory, great offenders are then brought forth; and that was Pha­raohs case, who withstood all the miracles, that God might be more glorious in his downfall. And thus hee contracts many times the eyes of neighbouring Nations to see his vengeance upon some: And Isai 26. 21 he is said to come out of his place, to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity.

2. When ever you see his Sanctuary troden upon, and Holinesse slighted, then he rends the Heavens and comes down to make his Name known to his adversaries; that the Nations may tremble at Isa. 63. 18. & 64. 2. Zach. 1 [...]. 8. his presence: and that it was that brought the Lord forth to the ruine of the Jewish Church: Your soule abhorred me, and my soule loa­thed you. Hence he destroyed three Shepheards in one day, the Sadducees, Scribes, and Pharisees: upon this he breakes his two staves of beauty and bonds: Oh this undervaluing godlinesse in the power of it!

They were wont to say of Caius Seius, he was an honest man, but he was a Christian. Poor Jews, when Christ ask [...] his price, they valued him at thirty peeces of silver, which in our account a­mounts to eighteen shillings and four pence: and this was that which bought a field of bloud: To slight that mercy that must save, and shut the door of that onely Citie of Refuge that must protect Acts 4. 12. from the pursuers of bloud: to put indignities upon that Christ, and injuries upon that Jesus by whose Name onely salvation is brought into the world. The Lord hath set his Son upon his holy Hill, Psal. 2. and will crush those that have scorned him.

3. When sinfull men shall have filled up their iniquities, the Lord empties his full vials upon their heads, that even the Saints must Gen. 15. 16. wait upon the sins of the Amo [...]tes for the fulnesse of them, till they can be delivered: Let us observe the Scripture, setting forth this fulnesse; and it will give us a [...]ling of God [...] [...]ing with the [Page 10] proud doers in order to time; and that in these particulars:

1. There is a fulnesse of magnitude when provocations grow ve­ry Ioel 3. 13. great.

Clamitat ad Coelum vox sanguinis, & Sodomorum.

2. There is a fulnesse of number and multitude: Bloud toucheth Ezek. 7. 23 bloud, and sins are fruitfull in their generations.

3. A fulnesse of measure: that Children may fill up the measures Mat. 23. 23 of their Fathers iniquity.

4. There is a fulnesse of strength: when the sinner grows strong, Ier. 3. Ezek. 22. 6. and hath Cart-rop [...] to draw on vanity: Behold the Princes of Israel, every one was in you to their power to shed bloud; when head, and heart, and hand are ingaged in mischiefe; when all inte­rests are improved to that end.

5. There is a fulnesse of growth: and now they sin more and more: Hosea 13. 2, 3. 2 Tim. 3. 13. therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away: as the chaffe that is driven with the whirlewind out of the floore, and as the smoke out of the chimney.

6. A fulnesse of age, when men grow old in sin: Behold every one that useth proverbs, shall use this proverb against thee, saying, As is the Mother, so is her Daughter: and thus sinners grow gray in Ezek. 16. 43. their transgressions: yea, sin must leave them before they leave it.

7. There is a fulnesse of Dexterity: there be some that be their Ier. 42. crafts-masters in sinning, who can spin threads of all sorts: you have your Court sinnes; Citie, Countrey, University sins: men take their degrees in this sin-craft; they have their severall dimen­sions, depths, and bredths.

8. A fulnesse also there is of impudence, when men cannot blush; Ier. 3. 3. commit folly, and yet wipe their mouths with Solomons harlot: thus, often sin meets you with a brazen fore-head: it takes the wall of Christ, and Religion, and thrusts holinesse into the kennell: This is that bold-fac't harlot, that doth kisse and kill at once: and Zeph. 3. 5. these are the men that call great sinnes little, and little ones none at all.

9. When sin comes to a full period; and then the proud doer hath Psal. 7. 9. done his work, and receives his wages: O let the wickednesse of the wicked come to an end, but stablish the just: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reine.

The second Qu [...]re is, How God rewardeth the proud doer: in [Page 11] which though the Lords proceedings be divers, and many times his paths in the clouds, and his judgements in the deep, and the uttermost farthing shall be paid the proud doer at the great day; yet so much of his mind he hath left unto us, that even in this life he gives out something to the proud, which he calls, The day of Re­compence, which he commonly manifests in these particulars.

1. By way of Retaliation; for Adoni-bezek that would be cut­ting Iudg. [...], 7. off thumbs, had his thumbs cut off, Satia te sanguine quem si­tisti. So the poor Jews that cried so loud, Crucifie him, crucifie him, were so many of them crucified, that if you beleeve Josephus, there was not wood enough to make crosses, nor in the usuall place room enough to set up the crosses when they were made. Snares are made, and pits are digged by the proud for themselves commonly; to which the Scripture throughout gives abundant testimony. Psal. 57. 6

2. By shamefull disappointments, seldome rea [...] [...]hat they sow, [...] eating what they catch in hunting: which is [...]ost clear in the Jewish State when Christ was amongst them: Jud [...]s betrayes him to get money, and hardly lived long enough to spend it. Pilat to please Caesar, withstands all counfels against it, and gives way to that murder; by which he ruined both himselfe and Caesar. The Jewish Priests, to maintain their domination and honour (which they thought the son of Joseph and Mary stole from them) cried loud for his death; which proved a Sepulchre to them and their glory: And the poor people that crucified him (through fear of the Roman [...] taking their City) by his death had their gates opened to the Roman [...]: yea, Caesar himselfe fearing a great change in his Go­v [...]rnment, by Christ living neer him (which to this day set [...] all the King-craft in the world to work) met such a change, that shortly he had neither Crown nor Scepter to boast of, if you read the story of Titus and V [...]spasian. All which dealings of God with the proud, is most elegantly set forth unto us by the Psalmist: Be­hold, Psal. 7. 14. 15. he travelleth with i [...]quity, and hath [...]ived mischiefe, and brought [...]orth fals [...]. He hath made a pit and digged it, and it fallen into the ditch which [...]e made.

Where the Prophet by the dark and hidden work [...] of Nature, sets forth the Con [...]vements and Machinations of the proud do­ers most exquisitly, and that in these three passages:

  • First, in the Co [...]ception.
  • [Page 12] Secondly, in the Travell.
  • Thirdly, in the Birth and Issue.

And the first will appeare in these foure particulars:

1. Invention receives and entertains the plot, as the earth doth the seed. Pharaoh says, Let us deal wisely. They cannot sleep till they have devised mischiefe. The head is the seat and womb of their de­structive conceptions.

2. It is approved of and affected: he is chronicled for a Worthy, and canonized for a Saint, that proves the Engineer. Rare designes, pick and chuse, not knowing which to attempt first.

3. Consultations ripen their inventions, and lick the whelp into shape, and fashion it into its severall parts: and thus did Haman and Jezabel; and all your under-ground-workers have thus managed their designes.

4. It [...] [...]me to strength which is wrought by resolution: so they in th [...] [...] took an oath to kil Paul. So that by invention evil pur­poses are received; by approbation, cherished; by consultation, fa­shioned; Acts 25. and by resolution go to their full time and are ripened for travell. This travell may be discovered in these foure particulars:

1. When their months are up, travell cannot be prevented by tears nor prayers, petitions nor requests; nay, nor by the power of an Army can be prevented: if all the Lords of England and Com­mons, should again ride down to York, or elsewere, and remaine upon their bended bare knees a whole day, they should not be able to put by some design [...]. Pilate's wife did her duty, but could not prevent the mischiefes Gamaliel's counsel was good, and yet the Apo­stles were brought to the Whipping-post. Needs must they goe, whom the Devill drives.

2. Extream throwes and pangs must bee undergone. Amnon is sick of Incest, Ahab of Covetousnesse; hee must have a poore mans vineyard. Little doth a poore shrub in a hedge know what shakings these proud Cedars are subject to: the silent rivulet feeles not what the high-swoln Ocean meets with from many churlish blasts. Oh the sad nights and hours these Nero's draw forth!

3. The best succour and supply must be got: send to As [...]ur and Egypt, Amalek and Ammon, with all that dwel at Tyre, to midwife the matter: yea, if all fail, Acheronta movebunt.

Yea, even to an Irish Rebell rather then miscarry. Herod and [Page 13] Pilate shall shake hands, and help on the foulest murder that ever the Sun shone upon, or the earth bore.

If no delivery, nothing but death must be expected; which is a true character of the violence and virulence of cruel men, who break themselves, yea, the very Axle-tree of a whole Kingdom, yea, three Kingdoms, that so others may perish in the fall. Achitophel dies in Child-bed, when he could not be delivered of that David and State-ruining designe. How many Crownes and Kingdomes have been thus hazarded, to foment the will of a distempered Prince? And truely there be no sharper stones in the world for men to fall upon, then the Saints, from whom all the States under hea­ven have had their deaths wounds (as you lately heard well in the Interest of England.) And thus far the Conception and Travel; and now briefly to the third thing, which is the Birth and Issue: all is Falshood and a Lye.

Parturiunt montes, nascetur &c.

The whole work is but a Tympany or a swoln Bladder, which be­ing pincht, and the wind vented, is a very mean contemptible thing, and onely fit for a dung-hill. And such are these Cobweb Lawn­counsels and Tiffany-designes, that every child may see through; yet called Arcana Imperii; the utmost of which is but killing a few Saints, and tyrannizing and perishing. Nay, let us say, All they can do, it is but wittingly sending the faithful to their graves, and unwittingly to their glory. What pitifull mishapen brats have the proudest of mens brains brought forth in Scripture? What fearful horrid lies? Haman sayes, Not a Jew shall live: the issue is, Not a Jew must die. Pharaoh sayes, Not an Israelite shall depart: the issue is, Not an Israelite must stay: Daniel in the Den, and the three Nobles in the Fire, gave the lye to cruelty it self: and she that sate in glory, and should never be a widdow, was made the scorne of Na­tions: Babylon is fallen, is fallen.

And now (men, brethren, and fathers) it will be time to apply our [...]ves to this dayes work.

(Anglia) de te narrantur haec.

You Saints, you faithfull ones, you that have and do feele mercies, that weare mercies clothes, lie in mercies bed, eate mercies bread, live in mercies ayr, enjoy mercies Ordinances: of whom and to whom I may say as they did of Dorcas when they thought her dead, Acts 9. [Page 14] These are the Garments Dorc [...] made. Th [...]se are the fruits of mercy; these be the paths mercy hath strewed with flowers and sweets; mercies, deliverances, protections, preservations: it is all mercy, mercy, free-mercy. More particularly let us now look back upon what hath been spoken as our own, God having made it so; and call these dayes by their due and just names: these certainly are the best times we ever saw, we commonly miscall them: Those for­mer dayes we doa [...]ed on were none of the best; they were a sad seed-time of our misery: for most true it is, that the seeds of the ruines of estates and common-wealths are sowen in the dayes of their greatest prosperity; and of these Halcy [...]n-times, we might say,

—Longae pacis patimur mala, saevior armie
Luxuria incubuit, victum (que) ulciscitur orbem.

We could never have suffered so much by a forraign enemy, as by our home-bred luxury and wantonnesse: Oh call these ill times, when a base messenger from a proud Prelate could shut up these doors, stop the mouths of the most godly Ministers, that the best noble-man here could not enjoy the worship of God freely; and hardly his Bible without reproach: I am bold to say you have heard more of Christ within these last foure yeares, then you have for forty before; call such dayes good: And more especially to improve what I have spoken in the doctrinall part; truly the Lord hath rightly timed his favours, even when he might most advance his own wisdom, power and mercy; when he might stir up his gifts and graces in you: if the enemy ask after our Prayers, Fasts, Tears, yea, our God (as they were wont to do) we have all these this day from Edge-hill, and before, even to this very hoare; yea, all these preservations have been so seasonable, that what time we our selves would have chosen, hath been Gods time; that we may say as David in this Psalm, Our times have been in thy hands, O Lord.

And I humbly beseech you, give the Spirit of the Lord its praise, who hath done the work. The Lord is willing you should have the mercy, so he may have the prayse. Potiphar lets Joseph h [...]e the use of all he hath, onely keep [...] his wife to himself: Pharaoh lets him have the Kingdom, but he will keep the Throne. Gods Spirit hath so appeared, as we conclude means can do nothing without him, but he can do all without meanes; and what meanes doth, is all [...] [...] be it is that hath quickned and succeeded your coun­sels [Page 15] and executions; he hath even gone against [...], and beyond means for you; he it is who hath spirited all your endeavours, in Counsels and Armies, raised help for you out of the very dust, Externall motive he hath none from us, who are not the loveliest people in the world; he hath from himself over a w [...]d men, powr­ed contempt upon Princes, taking away the occasions of many e­vils; met the proud in their full career, and wither'd their arm; often kept them from us by strange diversions, fill'd the world with tumults, that you might not be a prey to strangers. On the riches of his grace. His own righteousnesse and holinesse have thus per­swaded him to do; the glory of his mercy hath been his argu­ment; his wisedom and faithfulnesse have been glorious in preserv­ing crums and clusters. The very Truths now profest, have been rak'd up in contemptible ashes, and now revealed to the world; Psal. 107. ult. and they that are wise, shall see the loving kindnesse of the Lord in all.

For the proud doer (so called, because a contemner of the faith­ful) you see how the Lord hath resisted him, and hath taken him (in his moneth) as the wilde Asse in Job; you may remember how the Egyptian King out-lived many miracles, but must perish in the Red-sea; whether Red from the sand thereof, or the blood of many he spilt, I will not dispute. You know how the Lord hath been provoked by the low price set upon his holinesse, and his image in his Saints, the peculiar sin of this Nation; for travell where you will, even from hence to the Garamants you shall never find but the Z [...]lots in other parts of the world are honored, onely in England, Ludibrium vulgo; It hath long been a crime to be god­ly, and he hath been a lost man that trades that way, whilst a com­pany of obsolete and beggerly rudiments and ceremonies have been billeted upon Gods ordinances, and eat out the very heart of them; double Service, and no Preaching. Nay you have lived to see Ini­quitie in the fulnesse of it, Oaths and blasphemies unparallel'd; yea, when one of our Troopers reproved one of theirs in Cornwal for swearing, he was answered by that prophane mouth, He would sweare as long as he was on horse-back, he should have time enough to repent on foot; nay, they would serve the Devil now, that he might use them kindly when they came to hell: the very Sunne might even blush, looking upon such mise [...]ants. Of this fulnesse you have seen the magnitude, multitude, measure, strength, age, [Page 16] growth, d [...]ity, imp [...]dence; and the good God grant we may see the period. How the Lord hath paid them in their own coyn, you have many witnesses: They would have war, they have it the sword must decide the controve [...]sie; let God, Angels and men give the verdict, and let it be carried down to after-ages, that God plenteously rewardeth the proud doer, or that a Parliament and faithfull Councel to a State may live in the midst of the fury of an implacable Prince and his [...]a [...]e wigs. Adde this, that you have been eare and eye witnesses of the pr [...]ud mens disappointments after all their labour and travels; their inventions have been many for mis­chief, which have been cherified by affection, formed by consul­tations and Juncto [...], and made ready for birth by many resoluti­ons which have held as high as Brainford; what inland and for­reign conceptions of this kind have we met with? Plot upon Plot, designe upon designe. Speak London, hath it not been so?

Let us now remember, the time of travelling could not be pre­vented; Petition sent after Petition, Declaration after Declarati­on; nothing must prevaile, but the acceptance of such a remedy as would prove worse then the disease: And then before the birth, what throwes and pai [...]? Send to Denmark, run to Holland, fly to France, Curse Digby, imprison Hamilton, &c. and then all help is called in for midwisery, intreat friends here and there, pawn jew­els, break and close with Irish even in a breath; any thing for help; hazard posterity, ingagein marriage, and as she did, roare out, Give me a childe or I [...]dle and that miscarriage we are this day to prayse God for, and wonder at. The summe totall of all these endeavours of the proud comes to nothing but vanity and emptinesse, all these conclusions vanish into a li [...]: the Parliament is not destroyed, the City stands, the Gospel is preached; we do not yet heare the scretches of defloured damosels, nor the cries of abused matrons, we hear not the ratling of their arms, nor the neighing of their horses in our streets. Oh, my Lords, you are not at Oxford, led up and down as Samps [...]n, to be looked at by children, nor are you cry­ing as poore Belifalius, Date obolum Belisario, date obolum! Nor you Gentlemen of the other House, crying at a prison grate to some mercifull man for a penny; Nor you, my Lord Major and your Brethren, under a great ransome for your freedome; Nor You, that your Teachers are forced from you, but you can yet look up­on [Page 17] them: And you (my reverend Brethren) who have been part of the divided spoile, you feele that mercy that gives them a loud lie.

But to raise the ground-work of our praises, (Right honorable and beloved,) let us a little go back, and suppose that some Mes­senger were come from Bristol when we lost it, or suppose you had Jobs messengers one after another, and every one crying—

Luxuriat Britano sanguine pinguis humus.

Suppose you were againe hearing the story of that sad March out of that City, with the breach of all Articles (which they are not used unto from us) and think your selves sitting (as old Eli) in ex­pectation of tidings from the Army, and what befell us in Cornwal in 1644 were now brought unto you: Or if not so far back, say that now you were reading the Letters from poor Leicester, taken, plundered, abused beyond president: what do you now think of this dayes mercy? Do you beleeve what you enjoy to be reall, or are you in a dream? Remember, I beseech you, it is not above a yeare since, when we had thought to have hung our harps upon willow trees in some strange countries under some strange Printes, and there might have been called unto for our-English song [...]; Alas, how would they have been mingled with teares, sighs, and grones. They say, he that in a dark night came over a high bridge onely upon a slight board lying crosse, comming the next day to look up­on his deliverance, could not beare the weight of the mercy, but Rochester. Bridge. died away in the contemplation. The good God give us skill to manage what we do enjoy, left our preservation be but a reservati­on of us to greater calamity.

But because Generals may either deceive, or at least not reach Individuals: I shall take leave to present unto you a List of some speciall prints of providence, which like floodgates opened, may turn every wheele about to the duty of the day: I shall but name some, your own collection may swell these to a mountain of praises.

A List of speciall Providences since the breaking out of these Distempers: which may provoke others to make up the Catalogue.

1 THat this Nation proved so faithfull to our Brethren of Scot­land, in the time of their first trouble from the Prelates; [Page 18] [...], th [...] th [...] profanest [...] souldi [...] had no heart to that service; And to th [...] I might [...]dd [...] their dis [...]t and honorable comming in and going out: the same good Spirit of God direct them still.

2 That a Parliament was procured: which makes me remember the faithfulness [...] of [...] and the haz [...]rds run by our noble Lords, Com­ment, Citizens, and Ministers.

3 That, even to wonder, Justice was done upon that great man, and carried through so many difficulties.

4 That the Bishops thrust themselves out by their own Protesta­tion or Remonstrance.

5 That the six Members of Parliament were preserved.

6 That this City stood in that firmnesse, with so much freenesse, that the Apprentices and their gallantry will be renowned to after ages.

7 That the Sea [...], who have long been tertible to forreign natio [...] should close a [...] they did; And that the ships Royall were [...] in that nick of time, for which the State owes much to that Noble m [...]n which did it: to which I adde, the Sea-mens cordiall appearing above [...]he Bridge.

8 A That [...] Nobles [...] [...]ook the leading of your Armies, and Earl of Essex, &c. to look the first danger [...] in the face; The good Lord requite it to th [...]m fully.

9 Mony and Plat [...], the sin [...]wa of your work, offered to admi­ration, as if every one had been perswaded of the time when to part with [...].

10 The standing out of Hull, which compared with some o­ther passages, might make some think we are delivered agains [...] ou [...] wills.

11 The discovery of men, and their spirits, together with the de­parture of some from us.

12 That in all [...] [...] [...] to this [...] all sorts a­mongst u [...] have and must confesse, they never saw more of God and lesse of man, as if he resolved to own your cause.

13 The maintaining and relieving. Glocester, and when there was little shew of an army, yet marched in six dayes time, when the other party could hardly expect them in six moneths; and then it was when our hearts even melted away.

14 C [...] cannot, may not be forgotten, it was a most season­able [Page 19] mercy, if you remember all circumstances about it.

15 The enemy bewildred and divided in their counsels, falling short of their hopes, especially when they might have come to Lon­don, they went to Glocester, when they might have gone into the associated Counties, they will fight at Marston, Naseby, and others the like.

16 The businesse of that great Northern battell, full of provi­dences, and rich ones.

17 Their disappointments by Intelligence, or rather the want of it, many.

18 The new Modelling of the Army, and the filling up vacant places in the house of Commons, two desperate designes, drawing eyes round about us upon this Nation even to amazement; by which work I would wish no chiefe Commander should think him­self slighted or asperst, but eye that change as the Product of un­happy mixtures of some inferiour Officers; they that know the Low-Country warre, may know how tender they are in mixing Nations, and how Brigades are distinguished: Civill warre is ne­ver soone ended by Souldiers of Fortune, and I must here professe without flattery, I know none of your Commanders in chiefe, but have had their proper Excellencies.

19 Lime and Plymouth deserve a story by themselves, who so looks upon their works, and remembers the power besieging them, must say, Digitus Dei & hic, & hic, it were pitie the instruments preserving them should be forgotten.

20 The many things that rendred your last Army so contemp­tible: the evill spirits about this town scorned them, as poor, skil­lesse, helplesse, beardlesse youths, their friends trembled and feared to think what God would do by them, hardly three strangers in place in the whole army, home-bred, new-bred souldiers; like the choise of David from his sheep, in comparison of Eliah, A [...]inedab and Shammah.

21 Poor, burnt, aflicted Taunion, twice or thrice relieved, and that the first work of the yeare.

22 The Kings Letters from Goring taken by the great care of our honest and vigilant Scout Watson, the night before Naseby bat­tell, whereby the King was wholly disswaded from sighting with us then.

[Page 20] 23 Lieu. Gen. Cromwell, and Col. Roffiter comming in so seaso­nably to that battell: I say seasonably.

24 Providence gave us the Kings Cabinet, and thereby opened many eyes that before were covered.

25 Since which this Army was never foyled, hardly a Guard beate up all this yeare: no inchantment against Jacob, &c.

26 The counsell of God leading the Army to Bristoll, when it was expected by most we should have gone to the West, and the western line so well kept in that juncture, it was glorious mercy.

27 That all the last summer, when Bristol had neer 200 a week died when we entred, all the country about infected with the plague, our principall Officers, even the Lieu. Gen. himself and other [...] lying within the hearing of their gronts, yet upon best in­quisition, we can heare but of two of the whole Army infected all the yeare.

28 And mercy it is, that in the Army there hath been no breath, that (through Grace) Religion growes there, and growes apacet yea, this is your safety, that what is desired in the Parliament by the most faithfull, is there consulted and acted, as God gives op­portunity.

29 The Lord hath made this Army often more then Conquer­ours: the Roman conquerours rode boasting in their triumphant chariots; here no boasters.

30 God hath often extorted confessions from the Enemy, that some have been forced with Juliun to cry out, Vicisti Galil [...].

31 Providence carried out Army the other side Exeter even by the sicknesse in it, and barrennesse of our quarters, and the Enemies advance toward us: where how the Lord helpt at Dartmouth, stor­med without losse, and in other places, is fresh in memory.

32 Their debau [...]ery in all places made way for our welcome, that if the cause should be judged by their instruments, a very stran­ger must passe a sad verdict upon it.

33 Such horror possest them every where in pursuit of them at great distances, that the Lord seemed to send a hornet before us, and, Magor [...]issabi [...], they were a terror to themselves; and this is remarkable, that after they had fel [...] our Horse or Foot, they had no list to close with u [...] again, though they took much time to re­cruit their spirits.

[Page 21] 34 The work of a Summer hath been done this Winter: where I learned this lesson, That faithfull honest English Christians, as­sisted from Heaven, can do, and suffer more then the most gallant heathen Roman: What mountains of Snow and Ice have been marcht over this winter; what Rains and Winds have been gone through, even to silence the Posting Hannibals, or Cuncta­ting Fabii?

35 All the Enemies actions and counsels have turned to our ad­vantage, and we have been gainers by our losses generally: As in the losse of Bristol, we found the way to it by the losse, at first view we saw it was not tenable with so little force, which easily acquits that wise and valiant Gentleman that surrendred it. Yea, their idol Princes God hath made usefull to us many wayes, by sleeping when they should fight, and fighting when it had been better they had slept.

36 That in all the harrased and plundered Countries God hath fed your Army, and at Dartmouth fish brought in to us from the sea to miracle, the Country acknowledging that generally we have been welcome where we came, many with teares have parted with us at their doors.

37 The influence the Justice of the Army hath had upon all forts, most observable: For instance, when the Lieut. Generall had ta­ken Langford house, and promised safe convoy to the Enemy to Ox­ford, six of our troopers brake the articles, and in the convoy took four or five pound from some of them, for which one was presently to be shot, and the lot fell upon the first attempter, who was put to death, and I hope is in heaven, being godly, as farre as could be discerned; the other five were sent to the Governour of Oxford, to put to what death he pleased, who entertained them nobly, sent them back, and desired their lives, and profest in his letter (which I read) it was the highest peece of gallantry he had met with, &c. This very act with the many civilities of the Army, hath been very conquering. Justice exalteth a Nation, Et Caesar in hoste probat. Call to any County, and ask what wrong your Army hath done them? have you any scrols of complaints come up against them?

38 And (which is much to be remembred this day) all Cornwall, upon the matter, is yours without blood, and 5000 horse with their riders disbanded: and as if this were not enough, Ashley rai­ [...]ng a new force is crushed in the egge.

[Page 22] 39 And this is worth noting; that the inhumanity our former Army met with in Cornwal, was requited by the Turk fetching away many from Foy, neer two hundred, and divers taken away by sick­nesse at Lestithiel, that had abused our poor Souldiers.

40 Nor is it a little, that all the Nations round about us should be engaged in war; and whilst they hoped this Civil combustion might so weaken us, that it would not have been hard for them to fall upon the stronger party, the Lord hath made us warlike, awaked us throughly out of our effeminacie, and we are become formidable to our neighbours: Especially remember Denmark.

41 Hereunto I adde, what was not thought on in the appoint­ment of this Day, being the second of Aprill: The second of April last yeare, this Army advanced, and was the first day of entertain­ment. They say, it is April, [...]b aperiendo, from opening the Earth: the Lord then opened a way to your deliverance: the same hand open your hearts now to praises and thankfulnesse.

42 Hereunto I might adde the Cities sweet compliance with the Parliament; yea, what oyle the footsteps of God have dropt with­in the wals of the Parliament houses; what providences and bles­sed hints in your Militia, and Common-Councel, what in your Assembly, is better known to your selves then me: and what in the North and other parts, I might even tyre you with the repetitions of what you have felt and tasted from the hands of mercy. You have done like your selves, to constitute Chronologers; and you need have good testimonies, for Ages to come will look upon ma­ny passages a [...] incredible, and I beleeve the yeare 45 will stand pa­rallel with 88.

In a word, You have the Army you wished for, and the Succes­ses you desired: Oh the blessed change we see, that can travell now from Edenburgh, to the lands end in Cornwal, who not long since were blockt up at our doors! To see the high-wayes occupied a­gain; to heare the Carter whistling to his toiling team; to see the weekly Carrier attend his constant mart; to see the hils rejoycing, the vallies laughing! Nay, me thinks I see Germany lifting up her lumpish shoulder, and the thin-cheekt Palatinate looking out a prisoner of hope; Ireland breathing again, that not only lay bedrid, but the pulse beating deathward: the over-awed French Peasant studying his long lost liberty, the Netherlanders looking back upon [Page 23] their neighbouring England, who cemented their wals with their blood, and bought their freedome with many, many thousands of good old Elizabeth shillings: Indeed, me thinks, all Protestant Europe seems to get new colour in her cheeks. Dumb Rhetorick is best; I could even stand silent, and give you time to wonder. And this God is your God, and I trust will be your guide for ever. I could name men, but cannot read one word that way in my Commission from the Army, who like the covered stals in your chief street of this city, are willing to beare the rich Plate, but themselves must be vailed: else I could tell you of Men, yea such, as if you had a Blank sent from Heaven, and leave given to have written what names you would have had of men for your work, you could not have amended your choise, (rebus sic stantibus) Heraldry did not miscarrie, that hath this word for your Chief, in his Coat of Honour:

Fare, Fac.
Sir Tho. Fairfax his Motto.
Say, Doe.

I might adde your Cromwel, with many others, and know not how to forget our deare Pickering, who had as much worth in him, as such a parcell of clay could well contain, and never left his work till he was called to his account: But I forbear Men; The LORD hath preserved the faithfull, and plenteously rewarded the proud doer.

And now it will be seasonable to improve what we have said: These things are your Honour, let not your Duty seem a burden: O love the Lord, ye his Saints, and ye that feel mercy.

And so I passe in the last place to the first words of my text, which will be the reverse, or the other side of our present businesse: As if the Lord should say, Thus and thus I have done for you, You have seen the glance of my eye, you have seen the smiles of my face, what could you desire more that I have not done for you? You did but knock and it was opened; you sought, and found, askt, and had: Go every stage of your latter pilgrimage, and tell me if you may not set up a pillar and write upon it, Thus far God hath helped us? Are not the faithfull preserved, and the proud doer re­warded? have any of you lost your labour, in trusting me and my providence? have you not the fulfilling of many prophecies, and [Page 24] might you not draw forth more, had you more faith? Is there a­ny Nobleman here, but hath been honorable by me, or can he re­pent of his owning my truth [...]ath his faithfulnesse proved a bur­den to him? Speak Parliament, City, Ministery, have I not done well by You?

And me thinks I heare you ecchoing again; Lord, what would'st thou have from thy servants? And I hope you stand as Samuel, Lord speak, thy servant beares! or as Saul, after Paul, Lord, what wouldest thou I should do? Yea, as he said, Da quod jubes, & jube quid vis. David lets you know Gods minde,—

O love the Lord ye his Saints!

And truly it is one of the hardest skils in the world, to use mer­cy well: I remember the old spirit of the Jewes, I wish we had ne­ver felt it; In sad houres they would ever be making great promi­ses, and in prosperity they would soon make new gods. Beloved, I beseech you consider this short duty, Love the Lord. I will but use a few arguments, and then open your duty in the duty, and end all.

1. I pray consider (good Christians) how the Lord hath loved you; you could never hate him so much, as he hath loved you; Ioh. 3. 16. He loved you enemies, traitours, He loved you unkind to him, and cruell to your own soules; nay so, as he is willing to take the Devils leaving [...], when sin and satan had taken the use of your best strength and time, yet he loves, wooes and waits: yea when you have been proud and scornfull, when he had besieged and belea­guered you with love, and were loth to hang out the white flag, he offers propositions still:

O love the Lord.

2. See if any God be like unto him of all the gods, and can doe such wonders at he hath done: You remember what Saul said to Psal. 48. ult. Davids men in his case; If the son of Jesse can give you orchards and vineyards, as I can do, then follow him. If all the Gods of the world can do for you what he hath done, can pardon sinne by giving his Son, can heale your soules, and save them after all, Follow them. Joshua struck home in that last speech of his, I have delivered the Ammonites, Hit [...]ites, &c. into your hand; I have sent a hornes before Josh. 25. 12, 13, 14, 15. you, which drave them out before you, even the two Kings of the Am­moni [...]s, &c. I have given you a hand for which you did not lab [...], [...]. [Page 25] Now therefore feare the Lord and serve him in sincerity and truth, and put away the Gods your fathers served on the other side the flood, and serve ye the Lord. And if it seem evill to serve the Lord, then chuse whether you will serve the gods on the other side the flood, or the Gods of the Ammo­nites: but as for me and my house I will serve the Lord. Apply it to your selves and give me leave again to say, therefore

O love the Lord, ye that feel mercy.

3. You may be assured, without love, neither what you are, nor what you do shall please him, nay this whole dayes work will prove but a mockage, Love will carry all home to heaven and gain acceptance. Heare what Christ sayes: Thou hast ravished me (my Cant. 4. 9. sister, my spouse) with one of thy eyes, and that was the eye of love. I have many times thought of that of the Apostle, giving so much to love, even putting all upon love: Yea, though I gave my body to be 1 Cor. 13. burnt, and had not love, &c. yea preferring it (in some cases) to faith; truly it is worth your noting: the summe of all, is, Nothing will passe without Love, it is your ticket to passe into Heaven by. They cry, Wepreacht in thy name: But wher's your Passe, did you do it in love to me? We cast out Divels: but was it in love, &c. Ah, (my beloved and honoured in the Lord) we have prayed, wept, fasted, feasted, fought, counselled, &c. but were all these in love to the Lord Jesus? I am bold to say to my learned brethren, that they shall find it the distinguishing character in their soule-trade. I have seen this yeare some of the Enemy before a Councel of war, and some of our own Officers, upon some offence: I have known both pardoned, but here lies the difference; the enemy pardoned is gone, his pardon was all he lookt for; but the other mourning, what will this pardon do me good, if I should leave this Army, from which I know not how to live cheerfully? It matters not for my lands (saies poor Mephibosheth) but I shall live in Davids presence and see his face. Love makes way to the bosome of Christ inconti­nently, and layes the soule in a bed of roses. It is in all the world like Benjamin to Joseph, if you bring Benjamin, come and welcome, I else look upon you but as Spies. If this day all your graces were met to make a glorious flame that might reach heaven; you shall find Love must doe two things, it must put beauty upon all, and perfume all. Therefore,

O love the Lord, ye his Saints.

[Page 26] 4. Let this prevaile; that mountains of gold and silver are not desired, nor fat bullocks and rams, but only an affection, Love the Lord. If he had desired some greater thing of you, (as Naamans servants said) would you not have done it? Indeed you cannot bestow it better, nor is there any object you call good can so justly claim it, bestow this where you will else, you shall find the ob­ject mortall, short-breathed, and short-lived; alas, what wa­king dreames are honour, beauty, friends, &c? Nay, you shall find it non-satisfactory, all the excellencies under the sun leave the soule to complaints of vanity and vexing; and lastly, you shall find it but partially, not universally good. Why will you lay out your mo­ney Isa. 55. 2. for that which is not bread? all these things will but prove gra­vel under your teeth. When David had reckoned mercies not Psal. 18. 1. a few, he sayes upon the totall, I will love thee dearly, O Lord my strength. I beseech you, bethink your selves this day, what lesse can you do, then kisse the hand that hath preserved you? Love climbes after more union with the object: would you not be neerer to him, who hath made such approaches and addresses to you, that who so beholds not with wonder and joy, is either stupid, or envious? Therefore,

O love the Lord, yee his Saints.

5. Love is an obliging affection, and drawes forth much of God continually to the creature: when the Lord by his servant Moses charged that people to love the Lord their God with all their heart, and all their might, he will fill up all the rest with heaps of promises of what he would doe for them, enemies of all sorts should be subdued, mercies of all kinds should be brought in, deliverances, preservations, protections, illuminations, and what not? Hosea seemes to delight to particularize the joyncture Gods people shall have in this case. And it shall come to passe that I will heare, saith the Hos. 2. 21, 22, 23. Lord; I will heare the heavens, and they shall beare the earth, and the earth shall heare the corn, and the wine, and the oyle, and they shall beare Jezreel, and I will sow her unto me on the earth, and I will have mercy on them that had not obtained mercy, and I will say unto them which were not my people, Thou art my people; and they shall say, Thou art my God. And if that bee too little, I will be as the dew unto Israel, hee shall grow as the Lilly, and cast forth his root as Lebanon, his branches shall spread, and his beauty shall be as the olive tree, and his smell as Lebanon, [Page 27] they that dwell under his shadow, shall return, &c.

Nothing can greaten a Nation as this, nothing can maintaine what you have gotten but this, and you will find, Non minor est vir­tus quam querere, parta tueri. Therefore,

O love the Lord, ye that feel mercy.

6. You shall find that this is a strong and powerfull (I was about to say omnipotent) affection. Much water cannot quench love, it is strong as the grave. If Paul would give an account of some under­takings, he will tell you love carries constraint with it, it lessens diffi­culties, answers hard questions, removes impediments, over-powers feares, cares, doubts, dangers, makes wash-way of all. Upon this the Apostle throwes the gantlet of famine, want, persecution, principali­ties, powers above, beneath; nay, it will wait and serve in heats and colds, as Jacob for Rachel. I must professe (Excellent Senators) I know not how you will continue your wearying, toyling, incessant travels, but by this cordiall; it is this onely can oyle your wheeles, and cheere your hearts, pay you your wages after all expences of time, estates, spirits. If a stranger should look upon your travels, the bread of carefulnesse you eat, your early risings, long sittings, late go­ings to bed; can you give account of any thing, but, That you love? Truly, I know nothing so heavie but love can lift, nothing so high but it can reach, nothing so deep but it can fathom. Love to this Cause, I would rather say to this God, hath quieted your Army often, drawn out the deepest bloud of many, emptied the purses of the rich, drawn forth the teares of the poor, and their sighes to hea­ven, when they could doe no more. Union with God, the end of this love, is the issue of all our labours. Therefore,

O love the Lord, yee that feel mercy.

But you may ask wherein it consists, or how would I desire this affection should be manifested? I answer,

1. There is a love in imitation; and indeed, those we love most, we make our copies to write after. Then he pleased to mind the Text a­gain, He preserveth the faithful, and plenteously rewardeth the proud doer: there is your pattern, imitation calls upon you to preserve the faith­ful, & to reward the proud doer. And these two look like the main in­terests of this State: the former, a reverēd brother, under that name, Mr. Tho. Goodwin, in a Ser­mon so called. hath commended unto you worthily, I am bold to adde the latter to it. For if you hear Polititians abroad what they say, even Roan to [Page 28] Richlien, they tell us of this double interest, (which some think ex­pired with Queen [...]) viz. that Wee should have continued the patrons of the Protestant cause, as the King of Spain of the Ca­tholique, and so have preserved the faithfull, which Germany and Rochel would have thanked us for. And secondly, We should have rewarded the proud, i. e. kept our war at a distance even where shee left us ingaged, and by this time (it may be) we might have dried up E [...]phra [...]es, I mean, possest the whole West-Indies, which with little time and help from these parts, may b [...] accomplished: The words that follow in that Treatise, are, That England is a great Animal, and cannot be destroyed but by it selfe; which injury we are still as likely to put upon our selves as any people in the world. One Chapter in A­mos hath bred me some sad thoughts of heart, where he [...] you of Amos 1. 2, 3. two Visions, the one of G [...]ppers, that devoured every greene thing, which made the Prophet cry out; By whom shall Jacob arise, for he is small? and those Caterpillers were swept away. The other Vision was a contention by fire, for which he useth the same prayer, By whom shall Jacob arise, for he is small? It seems contentions, yea, fiery contentions may lay a State as low as Caterpillers; the Lord sprinkle the bloud of his Son upon this fire, and quench it [...].

Doubtlesse much love of imitation will be shewed to God, in recovering these two Interests abroad, and (if I might not be thought a designer) I wish it at home: Why should not the faith­full be preserved? For the love of God doe it. I speake not for my selfe, for with Simeon, I could even desire to depart in peace, now mine eyes have seen so much of the Salvation of God.

Nor do I bring any Petition from your Army, they never have, nor ever will be burden some to you by Petitions but since you have trusted them with your own lives and estates, they are contented willingly to trust you again with their liberti [...]. It brings to minde that issue of a Combate, whereof Livie is the reporter, when the three H [...]i, and the three [...] had by the sword decided the quarrell betwixt the [...] and their enemies, and only one H [...]a­rius survived, [...] [...]ning, met his sister, the wise of one of the [...]ra [...]ii, and she forgetting her selfe to her brother in language, fell also by his hand: The Sena [...]e would con [...]emn to death this Hora­ [...], whose father by the Author speaks to this purpose.

[...] victoria [...] vi­distis [Page 29] (Quiri [...]s) nunc sub furea inter verbera & cruciatus videre pote­stis, I lictor, obnu [...]e caput liberatoris hujus urbis, colliga manus quae paul [...] [...] [...]rinatae imperium populo Romano peporerunt, &c. Can any man binde those hands, which lately armed, procured the libertie and safety of the Kingdom? This I must take boldnesse to say, that if this or the next Age shall bury those faithfull ones, it must be either here among the Trophees, taken from their enemies, or abroad in the Country among the sepulchres of Cavaliers, and so they will live when ever they die. But I have held you here too long, and I refer this head to that interest of England: That which concerns the re­warding proud doers, as the Lord hath gone before you, follow af­ter in his name, for truly I fear not all the contentions among us, but pride I fear, the Mother, Mid-wife, Nurse of all contention. I hear much of difference, opinions, sects, heresies, and truly I think they would be lesse, if we did not think them so many: One errour, and but one, our Saviour gives caution about, and lately I have thought much upon: He says, Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and if we knew what that leaven were, it would helpe us in these fear [...]. This I suggest therefore, Leaven hath three properties. 1. It sowres. 2. It tuffen [...], or hardens. 3. It swels the lump. Therefore that opinion which sowres [...] sp [...]its against their brethren, and it may be against Authority, that swels them, and prides them, that har­dens them, and makes tough, and not easily intreated, beware of that opinion, as of the leaven of the Pharisees. Errors in us, are like corn, in the sowing of it; if it lie above ground, it may be gathered up a­gain, but if plowed in and harrowed, lie under the clod, there is lit­tle hope. Whilest Errors lie in the understanding, Scripture, reason, argument, time, sweetnesse and tendernesse may do much to the curet the danger is, when they lie under the will, when we shall say, we will have what we will, or all shall crack; with Sampson, pull down the two great posts, that others may perish, though we perish with them. Beware of this leaven of the Pharisees: You shall ever finde pride the fomenter of differences, I beseech you therefore reward the proud do [...], and spar [...] not. But those opinions that find a soule in a lowly frame, and after [...]ved, keep the soule so, and carry it to Christ, they need not trouble State nor Church. I long since learn­ [...]d, if we could [...] imagination, we might soon cu [...]e tribulation. But I proceed.

[Page 30] 2. It will be love to the Lord, if we love him in his dispensations when they have their vicissitudes; to love him smiling, and love him frowning too; to love him, sitting upon his knee, and love him un­der his lash too: to maintain that,

Compositi jus, fas (que) animi sanctos (que) recessus
Men [...]is—

To be mediis tranquillus in undis; to say, the Lord doth well what ever he doth: I will love thee, though thou kill me, and trust in the (cries Joh.) This looke like love, otherwise your mistakes will be many, about the creature, and the Creator. You are now come up­on a new triall, the Lord outwrastles the temptation for you: You may think now the danger little, I pray remember Sisera, he took a nap after his lordly dish, and a womans hand nailed his head to the ground. David thought it no danger to take a nap in an afternoon, but there he split his soule, and hardly made up againe. You may think it looks now like the afternoon of the day to you, and as if your work were towards an end: mistake not, I believe you have seen most of the miracles, but are not yet over the red sea; or if you were over, yet love the Lord in this dispensation, lest you be brought to tack about two and forty times in the wildernesse.

It argues much feeblenesse of spirit, to change our affections up­on changes of Providence, he never loved well, nay hardly at all, that can love no better: yea, this you shall finde most true, that all backslidings from God, spring from the change of our opinions concerning God, and these we do often from the varieties of his dealings with us, as if he were a better God one year than the other, and this is often our folly, who can easilier look upon the barks and outsides of things, than their insides: Because he was a Carpenters son, therefore a stumbling block to the Jews, they could see no fur­ther. The glitter and glory of a painted world hath made blind the eyes of many: Nor is it a small mistake among men, when they keep their thoughts upon present things, with neglect of future, hence the Psalmist concludes the 107. Psalme, Who so is wise, and will ob­serve Psal. 107. ult. these things, even they shall understand the loving kindnesse of the Lord: Now the infide of all was loving kindnesse, and the issue of all will be loving kindnesse to the Saints. It concerns you therefore to look to your love in storm, and calm, in war, in peace; to love the Lord then, is to love him in all changes.

[Page 31] 3. It appears you love him, when you are promoting his ends, and ayms: thus wives love, thus faithfull servants love, who stand not in shops to sell Apprentices, but their Masters wares, not ad­vance themselves, but him they serve. That humble loving John Baptist, I must decrease, but he must increase, and willing he was Christ should have all; and that love discovers it self much when you are ready to live in his will, not your own, that he may have not onely meat drest, but as he pleaseth; such Worship as he likes, such Go­vernments as he takes pleasure in; yea, when you will be reaching your duty through the fire, even to become fooles, that you may be wise in his account: If the Lord be gainer, what if all the world be losers? These are my daily sighs to heaven for you all, that he may be lifted up, who hath held up your heads above the water; that you may hear that Euge at your great accompt, Come you blessed and faithfull servants, enter into your Masters joy. And if you ask me what I conceive the Lords great design is in these dayes, that you may at­tend it? I answer. Doubtlesse it is to pull down all the glory of the world, that his Son may be advanced. He is now preaching. All flesh is grasse; you are certainly upon the edge of the fulfilling very great and glorious Prophecies: You see the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vaine thing: The Kings of the Earth are in Councell, Be wise therefore O yee Judges, kisse the Son lest be be angry, and you perish in the midway. The Lords desi [...]is the downfall of Antichrist, love him in promoting this end; and especially let me call for help hereunto from my Reverend and learned Brethren here present, Ah Brethren, shew your love in this work: Be not offended if I leave this caution with you, and let this charity begin at home amongst us, for ever beware of a spirit of domination, truly it is a spirit of Antichrist, and it was the first great quarrell the first 300. years after Christ. When Constantine had been bountifull to the Church at Rome, and after was as noble to that of Bizantium (now Constantinople) a quarrel grew among the two Pastors of these Churches, who should be called Papa, which introduced the Proverb, Religion begot wealth, and the mother devoured the daughter. Remember our old complaints against Prelates, and how we have filled Parliament eares with our out-cries. Let this be often with you (my dear Bre­thren) that in all the cracks, flaws, and ruines of States, some priest­ly thing or other hath had the principall hand; mind it in a passage [Page 32] or two, good Jeremy past through all guards, till he came to Pushur Jer. 20. 1. the Priest: the Nobility, Gentry, and others were easily intreated: Christ breaks upon the [...]bes and Pharisees mainly: It is conside­rable that H [...]sed saith, Hear Oye Priests, hearken Oye People, give ear O Hos. 5. 1. house of the King, for ye have been a snare, &c. the poor people are be­twixt the Priest, and the house of the King, but it is to be noted that the Priests are in the first place: It lies much upon you to shew your love to the Lord in promoting his great ends.

4. This love would [...] let out to his Saints, of which you have lately heard so much, that I shall say but little, lesse then this I can­not say, No man can love the Father, and destroy his children, truly I cannot say [...]oo much for them, because they have done so much for you. I pray grieve them not, it may be you may grieve the Spirit of God in them, do not make them sad, whom the Lord would not have made sad, be not angry with your deliverance be­cause of the good hand the Lord hath made use of: Why should Ezra be angry with Zer [...]babel for beginning the work? O [...] Zer [...] ­babel with Nehemiah for ending it? You know how well it will be taken in heaven, that you use the heirs of that country well upon earth, yea, you shall do well to love them impartially; It is the triall many of the world are put to (which they mind not) how they will demean themselves towards poor Saints; And let it not be for­gotten, that it will be the word of [...] the great day, In that you did it not (sayes Christ) to one of these little ones, you did it not to me. The Saints may do you much good, they can do you no harm: I am confident, their interest in heaven which they have made use of for this nation, hath been a strong ingredient to your preservation [...] and this is your glory, and may be your establishment, That this Land is sown with such feed, which I believe Popery, Prelacy, and what else is not of God, doth come too late to root up. You re­member that great Emperour, who profest he would rather be a Member of a Church of Saints, then the Head of the Empire. It is taken notice of, that you have laid this to heart, and the Saints blesse you, and carry you, and your counsels to heaven with them daily. In all the loud cries now about differences, this toucheth my heart, that some men can trample a poor Saint to the dust, and into the grave (if they might) for a Peccadillo, a little distance in an opinion; and an open, prop [...], beastly, [...] drunkard, a black­mouthed [Page 33] swearer, an enemy to any thing that is good, can live quietly and unmolested.

5. And above all, this love is clothed with all its glory, when we shall love him in his Son, and greater honour you cannot doe him, then to love him in Christ, in whom he hath laid up all fulnesse, Col. 1. 19. the character and image of all his grace and glory. But what he is, and how lovely, what want you have of him, what worth is in him, and which is the way to please him, is constantly suggested unto you almost from every Pulpit, the mystery of Christ now discove­ring it selfe. He is the chiefest of ten thousand, his mouth is most sweet, yea, he is all lovelinesse. He is your peace, the Prince of Peace, the Psal. 2. great Peace-maker, if you desire peace, war must continue, he hath an Iron Mace: and the Nations will be delivered up unto him, a Dan. 2. stone cut out of the Mountains shall fall upon the greatest Gover­nours in the world,

O love the Lord in his Son,

6. It concerns us this day that our love appear in our praises, and though we have had so many Victories and Mercies, that we have even wanted time for our solemn acknowledgements, & kind­nesses have come tumbling in like war, one following the other, that

Finis unius boni gradus est futuri;

Yet we have wanted [...]kill to manifest our love to God in his prai­ses, of which you hear much by David, who sometimes seems to forget himself in this point, he will like a bird, having got a note, record it over and over. Psal. [...]36. For his mercy endureth for ever, His mercy endureth for ever. I shall take leave to commend to you that he hath in another place. Pr [...]ise waiteth for thee silently in Sien, Psal. 65. 1. though your Translation want the Adverb that gives the Empha­sis: There is a threefold silence in this waiting upon Gods praises: As, 1. There is a silence of expectation, when the soule waits when to expresse his praises, and therefore keeps a private Catalogue of his faithfulnesse, and truth. 2. A silence of admiration, when the heart is even ravished to wonder, and sits down silently, wondering over every mercy, and all his lo [...]e [...]. 3. A silence of approbation, when others shall set forth his praises, we approve, and allow, and can say A [...], and this is the work at Sion, about his praises: in the last Psalm there are but six Verses, yet [...] [...]. O love him in his prai [...], [...] him for [...], [...], [...] him for all your [Page 34] lashes, for you could not want a [...]ig of the rod, praise him for his power, goodnesse, love, tendernesse, pitty, praise him that you are on this side the grave and hell, yea above all, for his own bosome, for his dearest Son, who hath hung about our necks often, and wept many a compassionate tear upon our cheeks, not yet wiped off. Let us all take up that of the Prophet, My heart is inditing some good matter, the word there is the same with the bubling of the oyle in the frying Pan at the Sacrifice: Every heart should now be bubling up something, every one should be thinking of setting up some mo­nument, Jacob promiseth the building of a Bethel, a house of God, if he might speed well in his journey: What if you Noble Lords should write upon your door,

The Lord will honour them that honour him.

If you Worthies of the other house, upon your door,

Salus populi suprema lex.

And you, the Governours of this Citie,

Jerusalem is a Citie compact, &c. Your union amongst your selves will turn much to Gods praise.

And I wish this were written upon the doores of the Assembly,

If any man list to be contentions, we have no such custome among us, nor the Churches of Christ.

I leave these but as intimations, or suggestions to your wisdomes, lest the day and work we are about do evaporate, and come to no­thing. I wish your children, and so ages to come may be taught his praises, since you so abound in matter, I pray convey it to after ages, that they may love the God of their Fathers: Tell your little ones this night the story of 45. the towns taken, the fields fought, tell them of neer 30000 prisoners taken this last year, 500 pieces of Ord­nance, tell them of the little losse on our side, be sure to let them know it was for the liberty of the English subjects you fought, charge them to preserve the liberties that cost you so dear, but especially the liberties purchased by the blood of Christ, and above all, let them know that the God of heaven is the God of England, and hath done all, but his name, and his Sons name, who can tell us? I wish Job 30. we knew God better, that we might love him more. Oh love the Lord in his praises, and praise him for his love. In amore divino hic solus inest modu [...], ut si [...] si [...]e modo.

I dare not adde more, time is so exceedingly exceeded.

[Page 35] You are (I understand) by the City invited to a feast, which I confesse is one piece of this solemnity: But what feast shall we call it? Shall it be a feast of Tabernacles? truly we might have lived in Tents and Booths, or by some hedges sides all our dayes, had Ty­ranny and Popery gained the travell of their souls, and desire of their hearts, you might have been sitting by some rocks sides in the Wildernesse, looking sadly back upon poor England, or by the ri­ver Ahava, in the Captivity with Ezra. If you like not to call it a feast of Tabernacles, will you let it goe under the name of a Marri­age-feast? it seems to look like that: I remember the Espousals of the Parliament and this Citie, when yee wore your Protestations upon your Pikes, resolving to live and die with the Parliament: I hope you will be as good as your words; you are upon the close of your work, and now you have many causes of further union, who have mourned together, and now are rejoycing together upon un­parallel'd grounds: Call it then a feast of love, my Text calls for nothing but love, and I wish that may be the issue, and product of the work, and truly for that end, I would willingly come from the place where I stand to beg it upon the bare knee; and when I speak of love betwixt Parliament and City, I do not exclude my Reve­rend Brethren, onely I am afraid of a third State, because we have paid already very dear for Clergicall interests.

And now I think of this further union betwixt you, I remember when the Lord closeth with his people in Hosea, He will take away the names of Loammi, and Lorumah; There are two names in this Hos. 2. Kingdom, I wish they were taken away also, or whatever might hinder your nearnesse.

You worthies of the City, look well upon the Parliament, and tell me if they be not lovely; how could you have been preserved from Anarchy without them, where would you have centered had this Basis of the Kingdome been destroyed? If the foundations be pluckt up, what shall the righteous doe? The best now in England could not have lived without a Parliament, and the worst but a little time: I must professe an Anti-Parliamentary spirit (especially in this conjuncture) to be the designer of his own ruine and posterity, to be the introducer of certain misery to the present age. I look upon it as the fruits of much malice, or much ignorance, and the brat of those mens brains that never lived beyond the view of the smoke [Page 36] of their own Chimnies, that measure States and Kingdomes with their interests, by their private shop-wands; and if they be prest, or priested into it by any of my coat (which is Satans old me­thod) it will argue the more feeblenesse, and prove more dangerous. Remember (friends) to beat Religion with Religion, is a subtlety as old as Jesuitisme, and older. Remember the dead and the living; You have had their Hambdens, Pims, Stroudes, who if now living, would have called this day the Suburbs of their happinesse, and you had the blood of some Nobles too, that Zealous Brooke and others; and these are here this day to joy with you, that have mour­ned with you, who have been your watch day and night: You know how vain it will be to war abroad; nisi sit consilium domi, you are now reaping the most glorious fruits of their labours and paines; if you have any thing justly to object against them, all you can say is, they are men, yet such men as may not be called to a slight account for their actions, but in many cases the wayes of State may run so deep, that we can help onely with this,

Levius fit patientia,
Quicquid corrigere est nefas.

To be weary of a Parliament now, were to conquer our selves into a new slavery, it were to proclaim to the world we are mercy-sick, victory-sick, and liberty-fick, the Lord prevent that portentous mischiefe. Yet Goa is good to Israel, Let me hope he will not be worse then he hath been.

Nobles and Gentlemen, look upon the Citie, these are they that strengthened you with the finews of your war, you have not come unto them for any thing, and returned empty, You may remember the 100000. li. the 50000. li. the greater, the lesser fu [...]nes for Eng­land, Scotland, and Ireland; and I may not forget that 80000. li. that oyled the wheeles of this last Army in their first going out. The Lord of Hosts requite it to them that offered so willingly. I adde, you have not only had these helps, but their servants, yea their children out of their bosomes, who now are found the Officers ge­nerally in this Army But I might call in much of this again, and say the Parliament have had their labour for th [...]mselves, and the Citie for themselves, and one for the other, and all for the Lord, and this, and other Nations. Only I call for love this day, I would de­sire strength in your union. The Spirit says, two are better then one, [Page 37] and gives reasons from cold, or fals: but addes, a threefold cord is not easily broken, of which I conceive thus: If two be well agreed, Jesus Christ will make a third, and then tell me who shall breake that cord? it will be stronger then all the Covenants the sons of men can make, either nationall, or otherwise. I am herein the bol­der, because the cursed world neerer hand, and further off are pro­jecting a breach here, and some men within this City wals are rid­den up and down by Jesuites to perfect this work, and feel not their burden. Would you go again to Egypt? shall we give away our Bi­bles to Papists, and our libertles to Locusts and Caterpillars? Shall we deliver up the towns we have taken to them that are subtle to destroy? Have we not heard of murthers and rapines enough? Mind what Abner said to Joab, Hath not the sword devoured e­nough? will not the end be bitternesse? Let us have but love at West­minster and London, and we shall crown the day, and derive some­thing from this day to the childe unborne, to give it matter of re­joycing.

If you shall object, the work is not done, we are now upon a Cri­sis. I answer, Your temptation is new, this was the time of the year when Princes were wont to goe forth to war, but now it proves a time wherein they sue for peace: Blessed change! and the truth is, the Sun may sooner get off your Cloke now, then the Storm could before; the fawning world may do that, the frowning never could. I shall commend unto you two or three Scriptures: The first, the words after my Text, Be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the Lord.

The second shall be, Eccles. 10. 4. If the spirit of the Ruler rise up against thee, keep thy place. Learn for ever to make good your expe­riences, and let it blow high or low, keep your places. I humbly be­seech you (noble Speakers of both Houses) keep your places, as hi­therto you have done: Be not ashamed of that seasonable and wise Answer once made at that exigent, You have neither eyes to see, nor tongues to speak, but by order from the house in such cases. I desire my Lord Major and his brethren to keep their places, and not to be dub'd out of them, nor courted from your comforts and safety, remember what we all fought for, prayed for, adventured all for, let not all be lost in the kisse of a Royall hand, nor suffer your eyes to be put out with Court-glitter and glory: And I humbly be­seech [Page 38] your Lordships, not to lead us the way to that mischiefe, for us Ministers, truly we may be apt to catch at the old bait, the Lord help us to keep our places also: It would grieve your soules to be Court-scoffed after all. Let me leave with you what Tacitus sayes of Caesar.

Quotis scunque e curia egrederetur, in haec verba prorupisse fer [...]ur, O homi­nes ad servitutem paratos! Etiam illum qui publicam libertatem nol­let tam foede servientium patientiam taedebat.

Therefore every man keep his place, and in so doing another ob­jection is answered: But our old laws and priviledges may again be struck at; read the 8. v. of Eccles. 10. Who so breaketh a hedge, a Ser­pent shall bite him, an old hedge, are old good laws, and those that will break them, shall finde a Serpent, you can apply, He that re­moveth stones, shall be hurt therewith. And though it should be that Shimei might escape for a time with his confinement, yet in the next generation he will break his Covenant, his neck, and all, and thus I thinke of many that have railed against heaven and earth, who will be found out by divine Justice, when your hand cannot reach them. To close up my thoughts in this, you have hitherto liv­ed upon daily providēce, as you do upon your daily bread, & by pro­vidence I believe you are brought beyond your own first imagina­tions, and I know the wisest man here cannot tell what will be next, though in order of causes he may say this or that should be, for who can tell what is in the womb of a day, or what it will bring forth unto us? This is certain, when there's darknesse in Counsels, in pro­mises, the Lord is pleased to dissipate clouds, and disperse mists by providence; you shall not need to feare relying upon that Provi­dent hand which hath left you with so many glorious experiences. Onely these cautions I must commend to your wisdomes. 1. That providence be not slighted and bestow that upon Fortune and Chance, which is handed to you by Providence.

—Sed nos
Te facimus (Fortuna) Deam coelo (que) locamus.

2. That you withstand not providence, but accept and improve the offers of mercy. 3. That you out-run not providence, but be con­tented to want what the Lord is not willing to give, not to over­hasten your deliverance, for it can never come seasonably, being wrought by friend or foe, unlesse the God of your mercies have a [Page 39] hand in it, and truly he that cannot freely trust God in his way up­on what you have received already, is not fit to receive more: How good it is to live in his bosome, and upon his hand, who knows how to take measure of your wants, and supply your needs, and that out of an inexhaust fulnesse? Lastly, since feasts are seldome without beggars, give me leave to be the first: and if we had not been over-bold in detaining you already, I should have been large, even from my soule to beg help from this most Honourable Assem­bly in foure particulars.

  • 1. I beg for Soules.
  • 2. For Bodies.
  • 3. Estates.
  • 4. Names.

1. And for the first, I present you here the teares and cries of many thousands, in the countries we have conquered, who poor souls cry like prisoners at the Grate, Bread, bread, for the Lords sake bread; all you that passe by take Pitty, pitty of us, we have lived upon husks time out of minde. Men, brethren, and fathers, whilest we are disputing here, they are perishing there, and going to hell by droves. If I know any thing, what you have gotten by the sword, must be maintained by the Word, I say the Word by which English Christians are made; In other countries discipline makes them so, drive them into a Church together, and then dub them Christians; you will find too much of this abroad, and hence it comes to passe, that most of their Religion lies in Polemicks, which is the trade we are likely to drive, if God prevent not. I need not tell this Assembly, that every where the greater party is the Ortho­doxall, and the lesser the Hereticks; so once the A [...]rians afflicted the sound Christians, and they increasing, requited it again to the Arrians. It was once my lot to be a Member of that famous, ancient, glorious work of buying in Impropriations, by which work 40 or 50 preachers were maintained in the dark parts of this Kingdom: Divers Knights and Gentlemen in the Country contributed to this work, and I hope they have not lost that spirit: I wish exceeding well to preaching above many things in this world, and wish my brethren were not under these Tithing-temptations, but that the [Page 40] State had it [...]neran [...] preachers in all parts of the Kingdom, by which you may reach most of the good ends for this State designed by you: Let poore People first know there is a God, and then teach them the way of Worship. The Prophet sayes, When the husbandman hath plowed, harrowed, and broken the clods, then sow your timely seed, when the face of the earth is made plain. Indeed I think Isa. 2 [...]. our work lies much among clods, I wish the face of the earth were cavened. I fear, whilest we are striving for an Eldership clothed with authority, we shall want five thousand Ministers to preach; that if you get an Eldership in London, and think you have done much, you have neither Minister nor Elder to be had in half the Kingdom, and so you do nothing, a true Eldership is easier wished for than gotten. I know not why the Parliament may not try and examine men, and send them out to preach, and take cognizance of the successe; I wish that Committee for plundered Ministers to cast in their help. I once read a story of a Chairman, setting forth a Century of base Priests. I wonder what is become of the second, third, and fourth Century: I wish (under the abuse of the Covenant) they be not crept into their old dens for mischief. If you shall preserve the Gospel, the Gospel will preserve you. It would not be amisse even in this City and other places, to turn two or three Meetings to one, and so there might be room in publick for those that are forced into corners, and so suffer under the name of Schismaticks. If this great work were attended abroad, we should not need to be quarrel­ling at home. I am not so fully acquainted with the use this great Councell hath for my Brethrens advice: but surely I know, the peo­ple are desperately ignorant and prophane abroad: and from pro­phane Priests and ignorant people, you know the other party have fomented this war, and may begin it again, if the Word prevent not the Sword.

Secondly, I have something to beg for the bodies of men: you have had strong cries from widowes and fatherlesse children, whose husbands and fathers have spent their heart-bloud in this service; you have many mai [...]ed men, which puts me in minde of an expe­dient for them, if improved: I mean that famous royall Founda­tion of the Charter-House, or Suttons Hospital, they say worth 5 or 6000 l. per annum. I humbly beseech your Lordships not to be offended, if I put you in minde of the intentions of the Donor. [Page 41] It is pitie that so gallant a work should prove a nest of unclean Birds; methinks it was built for this time, and God may be much honoured, by turning the givers intentions into the right chanell, many faithfull souls will blesse your care and tendernesse.

The streets also are swarming with poor, which I refer to the Senators of this Citie, that is glorious many wayes, why should it be so beggarly in the matter of beggars? I leave to your wisdome de m [...]do. Yet let not my request dye. I have lived in a Countrey, where in seven years I never saw beggar, nor heard an oath, nor lookt upon a drunkard: why should there be beggars in your Israel where there is so much work to do? and if this designe were well minded and managed in the City, there would be little place left for such Excentrick motions.

The third boon I beg is for mens estates, Justice exalteth a Na­tion, but sinne is a shame to any people. I would beseech all sorts whom it concernes to speed justice; it were better for a man to dye once then often: You reverend Fathers of the Law put in some help here; can there not yet be found a shorter way to further justice? must that badge of conquest still lye upon us, the Lawes I mean, in French? Can there not an expedient be found out in plain English, whereby every one may soon come to his own? Must such mem­bers of the most Heroick spirits be spending their brave heats and heights in Westminster-Hall? was it not a project to in-gown our gentile English, for feare they might be looking abroad to see how their interests lye? may there not be two or three friend-makers set up in every Parish, without whose labour and leave none should implead another? I crave pardon. There is one evill I have seen under the Sun, a poor man kept in prison for debt, whereby his spi­rit is debaucht, and he utterly disabled to pay: It is not so abroad. Let those that lent you freely in this war, and suffer now, be first thought on. I know many have adventured more then all for you, your promise made good for the sale of Delinquents lands will doe it.

Fourthly and lastly, I beg something for mens names; and though I know no publique person but ought to carry a spare Handkerchief to wipe off dirt, yet certainly blasting mens names in print, is not the way to cleare a cause in dispute. Yet I have learnt this of my noble Generall. Let us look to our duty, and the [Page 42] Lord will care for our reproaches; but I leave it to your wisdomes. I need not to tell you, you have Heralds of Armes to keep up mens names that have done worthily, though that spirit breath not in this Army. But I shall shut up all with these Scriptures.

Phil. 2. 1, 2, 3.

If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any com­fort of love, if any fellowship of the spirit, if any compassion and mercy,

Fulfill my joy that yee be like minded, having the same love, being of one accord, and one judgement.

That nothing be done by contention or vain-glory, &c.

Phil. 4. 8.‘Furthermore (brethren) whatsoever things are true, what­soever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, what­soever things are worthy love, whatsoever things are of good report, if there be any vertue, or if there be any praise, think of these things.’

These things do, and the God of peace shall be with you,



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