THE Protestants Remonstrance AGAINST POPE AND PRESBYTER: In an Impartial Essay upon the TIMES, Or PLEA for MODERATION.


Bonum Publicum simulitantes, pro sua Potentiae certant. Salust. Catil. Conjurat.

LONDON: Printed by N. T. for Walter Davis living in Amen-Corner, at the lower end of Pater-Noster-Row. 1681.

THE Protestants Remonstrance AGAINST Pope and Presbyter,


AS the Tranquility and Welfare of Old England is a thing of universal Concern to all True Protestants, so should our endeavour to preserve it, be the same: If the Danger be general and publick, so let the Care also; since the ignorant Passenger may as well expect to sur­vive the sinking Ship and drowned Pilot, as any man of an Estate (how little soever it be) to prosper under the Ruines of a Civil War, and downfal of Monarchy, Rebellion and Gaming being only fit for men that have nothing to lose; 'Tis a meer Lottery of State, wherein are an hundred Blanks to one Prize. For the miseries of a Civil War, we need not any Information from the Histories of ancient Rome under Tiberius Gracchus, Marius, and Sylla, Pompey and Caesar, the Triumvirate, &c. Nor from the Dissentions in Florence, begun by the Guelf and Ghibiline Factions; Nor from the Discords of France, under the Tumultuous Reigns of Henry III. and Henry IV. No, we have too fresh, and too sad an Example of our own late Intestine Broils, which rendred this unhappy Nation little better then a Den of Thieves and Murde­rers, for almost the space of 20 years; when under the disguise of Religion, they committed the greatest Impiety; and under the pretence of defending their Countries Liberty, enslaved it: only with this difference, that instead of one good King, they set over us many Tyrants. What Prince, nay what Tyrant ever per­petrated the thousandth part of those outrages upon a People, which they did? till at length, out of an unsatiable▪ Ravenous humour, like Beasts of Prey, they fell to seclude and devour one another▪ What Landlord was then Master of his own H [...]use? What Tenant secure of the Stock upon his Groun [...]? What [Page 2] House-keeper could call his Furniture his own, without being every hour in danger of having his very Bed taken from under him? What Gentleman secure of his Horses▪ without having them by violence▪ forced out of his Stable, nay even out of his very Coach? Who could Ride in safety upon the Road without eminent danger of his Person? who could follow his Lawful vocation, or what Trades-man his Trade, with­out the hazzard of an assault? What Gentleman was Master of his own Child or Servant? or what Shop-keeper of his Prentice? when the Parliaments Army was ready to receive, and reward them for their Disloyalty? Nay what security had any man of his own Life, Family and Estate without being in danger of Hanging, Plundering, Sequestring and the like? Now who were the Authors of these mischiefs, I shall not pre­sume to determine, only this I am sure of, that the Fanaticks were no less guilty then the Papists: nor can any moderate Person think of the 30th. of January, with less Horrour then the 5th. of November, They are both equally enemies to the Government; and so alike declared by act of Parliament; they had both the same need of his Majesty's most gracious Act of Oblivion; Neither were the Acts of one, less cruel then the other, as many who writ of, or lived in those times inform us. I need not here acquaint you with the Papists murther of Henry the III. and Henry the VI. of France, their St. Bartholo­mew's Massacre, their Cicilian Vesper's, their Irish Massacre, and Rebellion, their several Plots against Queen Elizabeth and King James; The Gunpowder-Treason, and how great, a share they had in our late Civil Wars, as well as of their present inhumanity against the distressed French Hugonites; No, there are so many Tracts written of this Subject, and people are al­ready so well acquainted with their barbarous, and cruel Prin­ciples, that it would be but time lost here to repeat them; Wherefore I shall wholly apply this discourse to their Brethren in iniquity, the Fanaticks, Who are no less Culpable, though less discovered to the World; wherefore to take off their Holy Mask, give me leave out of a small Treatise (called Mercu­rius Rusticus, or the Countries Complaint) to Epitomize to you some few Barbarous proceedings of these Sectaries, which were Executed upon the most Loyal Protestants by special or­der of Parliament.A.D 1642. As for example: How Barbarously were Sir Jorn Lucas and Mr. Newcomen, a Minister used by the Brow­nists, [Page 3] and Anabaptists of Colchester,? Sir John's House Plun­dered, his Mother, Lady, and Sister Committed to the Com­mon Goal?

The inhumane usage of Sir William B [...]teler in Kent, Kent. his House Plundered, and Servants put to exquisite torture, by the Par­liament Dragoons?

The same Party went on, and Plundered Sir Hen. Audley's House in Essex as also Mr. Erazmus Lau'd, a poor Minister,Essex. of all his Money, Cattel, his own, and his Wives wearing Apparel: also Mr. Hongfield a Batchellor in Divinity near 70▪ years old, of all his Furniture, Cloaths, Bonds, Bills, and Evidences, and Imprisoned his Person; Also Mr. Stephens, Parson of Southamfeild in Essex, of all his Plate and Goods, beating out the brains of a Woman that hid them for him; Also Imprisoned Mr. Edward Symmons, Parson of Rayn in Es­sex, and bestowed his Living upon one Lemuel Tuke, by edu­cation a Weaver; which the Parliament did, for that Mr. Symmons had Preached a Sermon against Rebellion, Lastly the said Dragoons Plundered the Countess of Rivers House at Osyth, to the value in Goods, and Money, of an hundred thousand pounds, as also threatened to take away her Life, had they found her.

How inhumanely did the Brownist and Anibaptists of Chelm­ford use Mr. Michelson, the Parson of that Town,Chelmf [...]d and a man of great worth and Learning; how many Attempts did they make upon his Life? how did they Plunder him of all he had, and at last put him to flight, leaving behind him, his Wife and eight small Children to perish? The same Godly Reformers also Plundered Mr. Cornelius, Parson of Peldon, in the same County of Essex, taking from him 400 l in Money, besides all his Goods and Child-bed-linnen of his Wives, who look'd eve­ry hour, — yet had not wherewith to Cloath her Nakedness left her; and when these Criminals were taken; and indicted for the Theft, an Ignoramus Jury (though they confessed the fact▪) acquitted them; for that the Criminals were of the Brotherhood, and Goods stollen, belonged to a Delinquent, which was the only reason they gave to the Judge, Who bound them over to answer their Perjured Verdict at the next Assizes: Wonder not therefore at Colledges Ignoramus Jury of the Brotherhoods. On August Thursday 18th. 1642, The Lord B — s then Plunders Sir Richard Minshells House at Bourton in Buckinghamshire, Bucks. de­stroying [Page 4] a prodigious quantity of Rich Furniture, killing and selling all the Cattel on his ground, burning his Corn and Hay-Ricks, tearing and consuming all his [...]ooks, Bonds, and Evidences, Clapping a strong Guard on his Lady, and denying her a Bed to lie on; all which they did, for that her Husband was then waiting on the King; They cut down his Woods, de­stroyed his Ponds, and left no piece of Revenge unfinished.

Middlesex.At Kings Harbour near Hownslow-heath, a Party of the Lord Wh's Souldiers set fire on an Inne; for that the people of the House began the Kings Health, telling the Hostess, that they would teach her the Irish way to fire Houses.

Essex.At Pelmarsh in Essex, Mr. Wilborow the Parson, was assaul­ted in his Pulpit, having all his Cloaths torn off him, and very hardly escaped with life, his Bible and Common-Prayer-book torn in an hundred pieces, which they stuck on their Pike-heads.

Reading.The Earl of E— left behind him at Reading a Committee of City Captains, and Trades-men, who Amerced and Fined men at their pleasures, In Marlow, they assested one Mr. Druce at 1000 l. and imprisoned him till he paid 300 l. of it; they also Fined Mr. Harepool 200 l. Mr. Chace (a man Plundered before) 40 l. Elliatt a Butcher, they Fined 100 l. and impri­soned him also; One Cock a Baker 20 l. Mr. Furnace, The Vicar 10 l. John Langley 100 l. Thomas Langley 20 l. William Langley 5 l. and Willmot his Servant 5 l. John More 80 l. Hop­kins a Shooemaker, 5 l. Canne an Inn keeper, 7 l. and many more they Fined in this illegal manner.

Bedford.Mr. Giles Thorn Minister of St. Cuberts in Bedford, upon a Sunday after having Preached 3 Sermons; was Barbarously assualted by the Parliament Troops, then carried up to London, and there kept close Prisoner without any other cause being ever alledged against him, save only that he was too well be­loved of his Parishioners; although the true reason was, a pri­vate picque of Sir S. Lukes against him, which Sir Samuel made use of his Interest amongst the Parliament to be revenged this way.

Warder Castle. Warder Castle being by the Lady Arundel (in the absence of my Lord her Husband) Surrendred upon Articles to Sir Edw▪ H. and his Parliament Troops, How did they break all their Ar­ticles as soon as they were entered, Plundering all those Goods, Defacing that whole Castle, Cutting down all those Timber-Trees, destroying all those Cattel, Deer-Parks and [...]ish-Ponds, [Page 5] which by their Articles they were bound to spare, neither did this attone their Malice, but they must also carry their Ladies and their young Children Prisoners to Dorchester, which place was then much infected with the Small Pox, and Plague; Nay (and what was more Cruel) did afterwards snatch the young Infants out of their Mothers Arms, and carry them alone Cap­tive to Bath, which was full of the same Infection.

On the 21th. of May; 1643. One Mr. John Bykar (Son to the Vicar of Dunchurch) was run through the Body, and kill'd in Coventry; by the Rebels without any offence, but his being a Parsons Son.

What Havock did the Parliamentarians at Wellingborough in Northamptonshire, without any resistance,Northam­tonshire. they murthered Mr. Flint Curate of Harraden, Plundered Wellingborough, and car­ried away Prisoners to Northampton ▪ Mr. Grey, Mr. Neal, and above forty more, together with the Vicar of the Town, one Mr. Jones a Grave Learned man, and very Ancient, whom for scorn they made ride along with them upon a Bear, which they had taken from a Barber of Wellingborough, whom they had murthered; at length being Imprisoned at Northampton, they Starved him to death, without ever suffering his Wife or his Friends to come at him. Wonder not therefore if the Clergy so much inveigh against Presbytery!

On the 28th. of January 1642, the Castle of Sudley was sur­rendred to the Rebels upon Articles,Sudley Castle. which were no sooner made, but broken; for they not only Plundered the Castle and Seat of the Lord Shandois & Winchcomb, a Neighbou [...]ing Village, but also God's Service (as they call it) abused his Church, a stately Fabrick within the Castle digging up the Graves, break­ing down the Monuments of the Shandoises, mak [...]ng the lower part of it a Stable, the Chancel a Slaughter house▪ the Commu­nion Table a Chopping-block for meat, & the Vault where the Family of the Shandoise's lay, they filled with the Guts, and Gar­bage o [...] Beasts; so piously did these Sectaries fight the Lord's Battel, The same Barbarity was likewise used upon that Beautiful piece of Antiquity St. Maries Church in Warwick, wherein were de­stroyed the Famous and Ancient Monuments of the Earls of Beauchamp, by the Lord B—, and Coll. Puresoys Party.

How Barbarously did the Rebels of Exeter use Doctor Cox, Exeter. who came with a Trumpeter, and a Party to them, from Sir Ralph Hopton, and his Majesties Forces, Wounding, Abusing, [Page 6] and Imprisoning him, contrary to the Law of Arms; Nay, they both Vomited, and Purged him for many days together, thinking to make him voy'd those Papers of Intelligence, which they distrusted he had Swallowed, because they once saw him put his hand to his Mouth, only to pick his Teeth.

How inhumanely did the Lord G. of Gs. Party deal with Mr. Nowel of Rutlandshire, Rutlandsh. Firing his Tennants Houses, in one of which was a poor Woman in Labour; also taking Prisoner Mr. Nowel himself; Plundering his House; defacing the Church, and in it his Wives Monument; all which they did contrary to the Articles, upon the which he had Surrendred.

With what Brutality did the Rebels under Coll. S — s in Kent enter,Kent. [...]r. Bargraves, the Dean of Canterbury's House, Plundering all they met with, Imprisoning the Son in his Fathers absence; and horridly abusing the Deans Wife, and Mother, an old Gentlewoman above eighty years of Age; After which the Dean himself returning, they soon committed him to the Fleet at London, where I think he dyed with grief in Prison.

Berks. Brown, Waller, and others in their March from Aylsbury, to Windsor, and thence by Newbury to Winchester, Plundered eve­ry Minister within five Miles of the Road, without distinction, whether their Friends or Foes.

Windsor.How many poor Wretches were starved to death under the Imprisonment of Captain Ven a Citizen, and made Governour of Windsor Castle.

Lincolnsh.Mr. Chaldwell of Thorngonby in the County of Lincoln Esq; and a Justice of Peace, was for his Loyalty, both himself and his Wife, two Ancient people put in the Dungeon of Lincoln Gaol, where receiving the ill news; for the Rebels had Plundered his House, destroying all his Estate, and muthered one of his most faithful Servants, he ended his days with grief,

Mr: Wright a Minister of Wemslow in Cheshire, and a pious, Learned man 80 years old, was Plundered of his All, by the Parliament Troops having two of his Maid-Servants murthered, and others in his House wounded; nor had escaped with his own life, had not his Neighbours received his venerable old age.

Mr. Anthony Tyrringham Minister of Tyringham in Bucks, being first robbed of his All, was afterwards miserably abu­sed and wounded, having his Arm cut off, and then carried a­way to Aylsbury Gaol.

[Page 7]Mr. Bar [...]lets House at Castle-morton in Worcestershire was five times Plundred by these Rebels; Insomuch as they boasted they had not left him worth a Groat, his Wife and Children abu­sed, and himself Imprisoned.

How Barbarously were Mr: Robert Yeomans, and Mr. George Boucher, Gentlemen of Bristol murthered? as also Sir Charles Lucas, and Sir George Lisle Shot to death in cold bloud at Col­chester by the Parliaments Court of Injustice?

The Cathedral Churches of Canterbury, Worcester, and most of the other Cathedrals in England, were miserably defaced and demolished by these pious Rebels.

In October 1642. When the Earl of Stams. was in Hereford­shire;Herefordsh. Captain Kirl's Troops (in the ahsence of Parson Swift of Goodwich in the same County,) Plundered his House by the order of the said Earl and Captain; they took away all his Provision of Victuals, Corn and Household Stuff, which were not conveyed away before they emptied his Bed, and filled the Ticks with Mault; they Rob'd him of his Cart, and six Horses and make this part of their Theft the means to convey away the rest, Mrs. Swift much affrightened thereat, Taking up a young Child in her Arms, thought it best to secure her self by flight, which one of the Troopers perceiving, he commanded her to stay, (or holding a Pistol to her breast) threatned to Shoot her dead in this Condition; and haveing her House thus Rifled, next morning early she goes to Hereford, and Petitions the Earl to have compassion, if not on her self, yet on her Ten little Infants, and that he would be pleased to cause some of her Goods, and Horses to be restored; but the Earl would not vouchsafe so much as to read her Petition: hereupon she Ad­dresses to Captain Kirl, who grants her no Restitution, but only a protection for what was left, and that too cost her thirty Shillings; And now thinking her self secure, she returns home in hopes to enjoy quietly what was left; She had not been long at home but Captain Kirl sends her word, that if it pleased her she might buy 4 of her 6. Horses again, assuring her that she should never be Plundred more by their Forces, en [...]ouraged hereby, she bought 4 of her Horses for 8 pounds 10 Shillings, and with this security brought home the remainder of those few Goods she had hid at her Neighbours Houses: but soon after Captain Kirl sent to her for some Vessels of Cyder, which having tasted, and not liking, instead thereof, Demanded [Page 8] ten Bushels of Oates, which not having of her own, she sent him 40 s. to buy Oates ▪ Suddenly after, another Captain of the Earls sends to this Mrs. Swift for Victuals and Corn, who shew­ing him her Protection, he also shewed her his Warrant, and so Condemning her Protection, Seizeth upon what Provision and Syder was in the House: Hereupon Mrs. Swift Complains to Captain Kirle, who said, He disapproved of what they did, but would not relieve her one jot; and withal sends to her for more Oates, which she not being able to send him, Captain Kirl's Lieutenant, two hours before, on the third of December, comes with a Party of Dragoons to Mr. Swifts House, and de­manded entrance, but the doors being shut, they forced them open, and entred▪ with Pistols cockt in their hands▪ and Swords drawn; Being thus entred, they took all Mr. Swifts and his Wives wearing Cloaths, his Books, and his Childrens Cloaths, they being in Bed, and poor Children hanging by their Cloaths, as unwilling to part with them, they swung about, until (their hold-fasts failing) they dashed them against the walls. They also took away all his Servants Cloaths, leaving none of them a Shirt to cover their Nakedness; They Robbed also one of her little Infants lying in a Cradle, nor leaving it a rag to pre­serve it from the cold, They took away all the Linnen; Iron, Pewter, and Brass, and a fair Cupboard of Glass, which they could not carry away, they broke; The Horses lately redeem'd, they also laid hold on; and threatned to carry away to Prison Mrs. Swift and her three Maids; and to plunder all under their Peticoats, as they said. Whereupon she fled to the place where her Husband was Concealed; in whose absence they fell a packing up all their plunder: When amongst other things, there was a Batch of Bread in the Oven, this they Seized upon, the ten small Children on their knees, intreated but for one Loaf, which they Refused, not leaving one morsel to satisfie their Hunger: Nay finding a small Pewter-dish which the drie Nurse had hid for the use of the poor Infant in the Cradle, the Mo­ther which Suckled it being fled: Though the Nurse begg'd for it on her knees, and the Child lay crying for hunger, yet did they throw it to the Dogs, and took away the Dish: Nay▪ they commanded upon pain of Death, that the Miller should Grind them no Corn, nor any of their Neighbours relieve them: And all the revenge was acted, only because at Ross, th [...]ir Fa [...]her Preached a Sermon upon this Text, Give unto Caesar the things [Page 9] that are Caesar's, &c. Nulla Salus Bello pacem le possimus omnes: Virgil. II. lib. Aeneid.

These are not the thousandth part of those Barbarities, and Cruelties, which in all Counties of England were acted by those Bloody and Merciless Sectaries, who pretended to fight the Lords Battle; and whose chief Reformation consisted in turning Churches into Stables, and Barns into Churches; In plucking down Learned Ministers, and setting up Illiteral Coblers and Tinkers, to Preach Gods Holy Word in their stead; How were the Churches Violated, and the Ʋniversities turned Topsie-Turvy? who (not being a Sectary) was not then esteemed a Papist? or (not being a Rebel to the King,) was not accounted a Betrayer of his Countrey?

Now these tasts of Calvenistical Cruelties may be sufficient to deter any but Mad-men, or Fools, from splitting twice up­on the same Rock, unless we desire to have the same Murthers, the same Roberies, the same Sequestrations, the same Compound­ing for our own Estates many times over, the same waiting at Committees Doors, the same Free Quarter, and the same Par­liament Tyrannie, then which never any was greater: Every little member of which long Parliament, being a greater and more absolute Tyrant, then any Bashaw belonging to the Turk: only with this Difference, that such a member could Ruin his Enemies, but not assist his Friend. The Taxes more heavy, and Burthensome, then ever any before: Most of which pub­lique Moneys were spent in Private uses, and divided amongst themselves: Whilst thousands of Widows, and Orphans, who were Ruined by their Sequestrations, and Plunderings, wanted Bread to put into their Mouths. Thus (besides other times) they at once voted this Division amongst themselves, of these several Sums out of the Publick Stock, (viz▪)

To the Lord Say.1000 l.
To the Earl of Northumberland.1000 l.
To Mr. Vassall.1000 l.
To Mr. Henry Martin.1000 l.
To Sir Rowland Wanford.5000 l.
To Mr. Bacon.3000 l.
To Mr. Selden.5000 l.
To Sir William Strode's Family5000 l.
To Mr. Peter Hammond's Successors.5000 l.
[Page 10] To Sir Miles Hubbard.5000 l.
To Mr. Hampden's Children.5000 l.
To Sir Benjamin Rudyard.6000 l.
To Sir John Elliot's Children.5000 l.
To Mr. Benjamin Valentine.5000 l.
To Mr. Walter Long.5000 l.
To Denzile Hollis Esquire.5020 l.
In Toto.99000 l.

SO that first this long Parliament miss-pent the Nations Trea­sure: When (besides the voluntary Contributions of Silver Thimbles from the Seamstresses, Bodkins from the Chambermaids, Silver Spoons from the Cooks, Silver Bowls from the Vintners, and Rings and Ear-Rings from the Sister-hood, for the Main­tenance of this Holy War,) they made an Ordinance in March 1642. for the Levying of 33000 l. a Week, which comes to above, 2700000 l. a year, over and above all the Kings Lands, and Woods, with whatsoever was remaining unpaid of any Subsidy formerly granted him; Together with Tunnage and Poundage usually received by the King: And also the Profit of Sequestration of Great Persons, whom they pleased to vote De­linquents, and the Profit of Bishops Lands, which they all Peaceably enjoyed: Again the Rump of this same Parliament in 1652: to Maintain War with the Dutch, Levied a new Tax upon the People, of 120000 l. per mensem, to continue a year; Which shews that this Democratical, and Parliamentary Go­vernment, or rather this Olygarchy, and Rump of a Parliament, was no less Burthensom and Chargeable to the People, even then a French Monarchy: And after this, again was another Six Months Tax of an 100000 l. per mensem. But what was most unjust of this Parliament, and shews how Dangerous it has sometimes been for an House of Commons to have any great sum of Money ready raised and deposited in their own hands, was, their imploying all that Money which had been Collected by Charity (for the relief of the distressed Irish,) towards the Maintenance of a War against the King: Whilst in the mean time, the Poor Irish Protestants were Perished by Sword, and Famine for want of this Relief.

Secondly this Parliamentary Dominion, was no less Bloudy, and Tyranical then the most absolute Monarchy of France or Turkey, witness their High Court of Justice, which murthered [Page 11] the King, Duke Hamilton, Earl of Holland, Lord Capel, and other Loyalists, nay, their own Friends the two Sir John Ho­thams, whom upon a vain Suspition they ungratefully Senten­ced to death; but what was an Inhumanity equal to any thing in Popery, was, that the Godly Sectaries once put it to the Vote, whether they should Massacre all the Royallists or no, which was carried in the Negative, but by two Voices; And had it once pass'd, there are few but know, that Lambert and his Levelling Party had designed to destroy all the Nobility, and Gentry of England, cutting their Throats by the name of Loyal­lists, whether they were so, or no; As for the Nobility, I mean the House of Peers, that Parliament which put the King to Death, likewise presently Voted them useless, Whereby we may observe, how entirely the Nobility and Gentry depend upon the King's Prosperity; Who was no sooner Dethroned, but presently the Lords are turned out of the Government, and the Gentry designed to be Massacred. So that of all Ty­ranies, God deliver us from a perpetual Parliament, and of all Governments, from that of Geneva Fetters which consists of many Links, being more troublesom then those of one. But to argue upon the square, pray let me ask any of these Rumpers, why the King might not then as well Levy Money without Lords and Commons, as the Commons without King and Lords? Why the King might not then interest himself in appointing what Members the People should chuse for Parliament, as well as Cromwels Major-General awed the Electors in the like case? And why the King might not then Govern by a Court Rump of a Parliament, as well as they by an Independent Rump? For my part, I think them alike grievances, and equally unlawful.

Lastly, Now, As for their Hierarchy, or Government Eccle­siastick, it was more Intollerable then their Civil Jurisdiction: Elders, Deacons, Synods, and Assemblies, being far more Op­pressive, and Authoritative than Vicar, Arch-Deacon, Doctor, or Spiritual Court.

Synods are Whelps o'th' Inquisition,
A Mungrel breed, o'th' like Pernition.
Synods are Mistical Bergardens,
Where Elders, Deputies, Church-Wardens,
And Saints themselves are brought to Stake,
For Gospel Light, and Conscience-sake:
[Page 12]And then set Heathen Officers,
Instead of Dogs, about their ears. Hudib.

Every little Ananias, or Elder, usurping as much power over his respective Family, and Authority over a man's Wife; and Filly Foals, whether Children, or Servants, (especially if they be handsom) as the Pope himself; nay and as formidable to the Master, his Patron▪ He must be first served with the best meat, and drink, and the Female which he chooses for his Convert is ever the handsomest, such Fellows, and Wasps, having always the wit to elect the choicest Fruit: As well in Presbytery, as Po­pery, the Priests of both kinds center in the Petticoat; so that young Elders, and young Fryars, are frequent charges to the Parish. They are the greatest of Hypocrites, when by their long Prayers they conceal their Whoredom, Drunkenness, Gluttony, and Lying: by their severity to others, they shadow their own wickedness, and by their Canting Religion, disguise their intended Rebellion; well knowing that flames (as in Hay, or Straw) may be kindled in the more combustible People, by such Foxes, as shall appear rather to carry Water, then Fire. The Presbyterians and Papists began the War in Scotland, continued it in England, and brought the old King's Head to the Block; where the Inde­pendants cutting it off, the others very cunningly wash'd their hands of it. As for the Tyranny of their Discipline, I refer you to Geneva, or rather to the History of New England, and Heylin of Presbytery.

Presbytery does but translate
The Papacy to a Free-State:
A Commonwealth of Popery,
Where every Village is a See,
As well as Rome; and must maintain
A Tyth-Pig-Metropolitan:
Where every Presbyter, and Deacon,
Commands the Keys for Cheese, and Bacon;
More haughty, and severe in's place,
Then Gregory, or Boniface.
Such Church must surely be a Monster
With many Heads: for if we conster
What in th' Apocalypse we find,
According to th' Apostles mind,
[Page 13]'Tis That the Whore of Babylon
With many Heads did ride upon:
Which Heads denote the sinful Tribe
Of Deacon, Priest, Lay-Elder, Scribe. Hudib.

Moreover, as the Government of the Long Parliament, was most Tyrannical and wicked, so also was the Usurpation and behaviour of Cromwell, if rightly examined; for as Mr. Cowley well observes, ‘What can be more extraordinarily wicked, then for a private Subject to endeavour, not only to exalt himself above, but to trample upon all his equals and betters? to pretend freedom for all men, and under the help of that pretence, to make all men his Servants? to take Arms against scarce 200000 l. a year, and to raise for himself above two Millions? to quarrel for the loss of 3 or 4 Ears, and strike off 3 or 400 Heads? to fight against an imaginary suspicion of 2000 Guards to be fetcht for the King, I know not from whence, and to keep up for himself no less then 40000? to pretend the defence of Parliaments, and violently to dissolve all, even of his own Calling, and almost Choosing? to under­take the Reformation of Religion, to rob it even to the very Skin, and then to expose it naked, to the Rage of all Sects and Heresies? to set up Councils of Rapine, and Courts of Murther? to fight against the King, under a Commission for him? to take him forcibly out of the hands of those, for whom he had conquer'd him, to draw him into his Net with Protestations, and Vows of Fidelity; and when he had caught him in it, to Butcher him with as little Shame, as Conscience, or Humanity, in the open face of the whole World? to re­ceive a Commission for King and Parliament, to murther (as I said) the one, and destroy no less impudently the other? to fight against Monarchy, when he declared for it; and de­clare against it when he contrived for it, in his own Person? to abase perfidiously, and supplant ingratefully his own Gene­ral first, and afterwards most of those Officers, who with the loss of their Honour, and hazard of their Souls, had lifted him up to the top of his unreasonable Ambitions? equally to vio­late his Faith with all his Friends, and Enemies? to make no less frequent use of the most solemn Perjuries, then the looser sort of people do of common Oaths? to usurp three Kingdoms without any shadow of the least Pretensions, and to govern [Page 14] them as unjustly as he got them? to seek to intail his Usurpa­tion upon his Posterity, and with it an endless War upon the Nations? to pretend, when he went upon any mischievous Consult, that he went to Seek God? and lastly, to die hardned, mad, and unrepentant, with the Curses of the present, and de­testation of all future Ages.’

Having thus now, Gentlemen, shew'd you the miseries of our late Civil Wars, as well as of the Long Parliament's and Ʋsurper's Tyranny, together with the unsoundness of Presbytery, I hope it may be the more easie to disswade you from running into the like miseries again, for we are just upon the brink of them; insomuch as the Church of England, be [...]t Popery on the one hand, and Fanaticism on the other, seems now to be in as much danger, as Susanna betwixt the two Elders, who would ravish her both of her Doctrine, (so dear to her Pro­fessors) and of her Lands, (so dear to her Priests;) or like Flanders betwixt France and Spain, to be the Seat of War be­twixt Popery and Presbytery. As pretended Religion hath now produced these threatning Clouds, so heretofore likewise was it the chiefest occasion of those Storms which in 12 years space caused such a Revolution of the Soveraign Power, from King Charles the First, to the Long Parliament; from thence, to the Rump; from the Rump, to Oliver Cromwell; from Oliver, to Richard; from Richard Cromwell, back again to the Rump; thence to the Long Parliament; and thence to King Charles the Second, where God continue it many years.

Optima Libertas ubi Rex cum Lege gubernat.

The fears and jealousies of Popery, as well then, as now, was the Stock on which the Ambitious, the Covetous, and the Re­vengeful grafted all their Treasonable designs, of prosecuting their own private Intere [...]s, under the pretence of the Publick; and let any impartial Judge, but narrowly examine the Proceedings Lives, and Principles of our hottest Anti-Courtiers, who at this time pretend most to censure the King and Government, and he shall find them, either vain-glorious lovers of Popular Applause, more then the real good of their Country; or necessitous and beg­garly persons, of broken Fortunes, extremely in Debt, and men run out of their Estates, which they hope to repair by Crown, or Church Lands, as was done heretofore; or men full of Re­venge to see others preferred, and themselves neglected: And [Page 15] all these generally men of no Moral honesty, or Religion, let them pretend what they will, but Drunkards, Whoremasters, and Atheists; men of the worst Conversation themselves, who yet have the impudence to blame others for that which they themselves stand convict of. If a Magistrate shews any counte­nance to his Under-Officers, or Servants, they complain against his being a Slave to Favourites, never looking into their own private Family, where some Favourite Steward, Waiting-woman, or Valet de Chambre cheats him, and makes Slaves of all the rest of the Servants. If a Magistrate casts his Eye upon a handsom Woman, how do they censure his Effeminacy, as a meer Sardanapalus; when the very same persons themselves do oftentimes keep Wenches to domineer over their own virtuous Wives, spend their whole Estates upon Strumpets, and supplant their own Legitimate Children, with Bastards. The truest pat­tern of one of these pretended Country▪ Patriots, I beheld (at the first breaking out of this Plot) enter into a Coffee-house in a ragged Suit, extremely drunk, and swearing most bloudily, That he heard there was a design to introduce Popery, but damn him and sink him he would sooner part with his Life, then his Reli­gion: Such a main Pillar was he of some Church, though of what, 'tis difficult to know. His Majesty is most happy in his Enemies; for if rational men would but seriously consider, what a mad generation they were, few would value what they said, but justly suspect whatever Cause they espouse. Men of the same stamp were Catiline's Associates in his Conspiracy,Salust for so the Historian describes them: Catiline entertain'd a Rabble of most wicked and dangerous persons, as if they had been the Guard of his own Body; for whatsoever Russian, Leacher, or Glutton had consumed his Estate with Gaming, Banquetting, or Whoring; whosoever was deeply engaged in Debt for redeeming some punishable Offence, besides all Paricides, Church-robbers, convicted persons,Ques m [...] nus atque lingua perjurio aut G [...]vil [...] s [...]ng [...] alebat. Sa­lust. and such as did fear con­viction; moreover all such whose hands and tongues got them maintenance by their Perjuries, and Civil Bloud-sheddings ▪ and lastly, all those whom wickedness, want, or a guilty Con­science did exaspera [...]e, became Catiline's bosom Friends and Familiars.’ Of the same stamp (I say) are these men who Veil their malice to the King, under the Reproach of his Councel, well knowing that Sedition (like a screw'd Gun, that is given to mounting upwards) must be levell'd below the mark they [Page 16] shoot at; they feed upon the Plot, like Vermin upon Carry [...], and are as innanimate, and heartless during the Recess of a Parliament, as Wasps; and Hornets in the Winter time.

That His Majesty would comply with His Parliament in what may be for the good of both, ought to be the prayers of every true English Protestant, I am sure they are mine, but some of these perhaps desire such a fatal Complyance as was that of the Assyrian King Ninus, to his Queen Semiramis, who granting her the Regency but for five days, she did in that short time make a shift to destroy him; or as his Royal Fa­thers Condescention to let the Parliament sit during their own pleasure, who never quitted their own Reign, till they had ended his; So dangerous is it for a Prince to fulfil the unsatis­fied desires of a Craving Mobile; Who being without doors, have it not in the Orb of their understandings to Comprehend or Judge aright of the proceedings of a King and Parliament. These are the Fomenters of the Common people, Who (though a moveable Body like the Ocean) yet never swell, but when blown upon by such intemperate winds; or like the Swine in the Gospel, are more furiously agitated by the discontented Spirits of others, than their own; They are like Esop's Trum­peter, who set people together by the ears with their Libels or false News, and therefore of all others the least deserve Quarter. And as heretofore by the names of Roundhead, and Cavalier, so now again they distinguish, and mark out for de­struction His Majesty's Subjects by those Factious Epithites of Whig, and Tory; which like Rogue, Rascal, and other Op­probrious terms do rarely pass over without a bloudy Nose, Like ill Servants betwixt Husband and Wife, they endeavour to breed a Jealousy and mis-understanding between King and People, hoping to advantage themselves by the quarrel, and accordingly▪ use their utmost endeavours to mis-represent his mildest Actions to his People; As for instance, if His Maiesty grants Liberty of Conscience to the Nonconformists, they, possess the people it is done in favour of the Papists; and on the contrary, if he suppresses them, then they say he is per­swaded to it by the Popish Councels: So uncapable are they of being satisfied! Again, whilst he desists to prosecute the Pa­pists, they call him a favourer of them; and when he puts out his Proclamation against them, then they presently say it is Sugar-plums for the Parliament: so humoursom are these [Page 17] men. Such Enemies are they to Monarchy, that they hate Ad­dresses, for the same reason they love Petitions; opposition to the King. That Petitioning for a Parliament is lawful, I do not oppose; but to Petition so often for one and the same thing, and that too after his Majesty has shew'd his dislike of it, is (I am sure) uncivil, and shews as if hereby they would either publish to the World their distrust of his Majesties single Go­vernment, or else render themselves and their Party formidable to the Royal Authority, by the counterfeit number of their Petitioners. That the power of Calling and Dissolving Parlia­ments, is solely in the King, their very Act of Petitioning con­fesses; and yet if his Majesty complies not with them at a mi­nutes warning, they presently complain of Injustice.

Again for Addresses, they are absolute Abhorrers of them, as thinking it lawful to give our thanks to any one but the King, the Parliaments themselves have often expressed their grati­tude and Loyalty to the King, Voting him thanks for many of his Speeches, and promising to stand by him with their Lives and Fortunes, against all his Enemies whatsoever: Nay the City of London, and many other Corporations, Burroughs and Counties, have done as much even to their own single Mem­bers of Parliament, Voting them their thanks, and promising to stand by them; and yet these men would deny his Majesty tha [...] small respect, which is so commonly paid to his Subjects; and which as well to Foreigners, as Natives, will make known his Majesties Interest in the hearts of his Subjects; then which, nothing can be more for the honour of the English Nation, to publish the Kings Grandeur, and Peoples Loyalty.

Moreover, they are highly offended with his Majesty for dis­solving Parliaments, but not so much at that,A [...]d [...] Principi [...] sensus, [...] siquid [...] ­cultius p [...] ­rat, exqui­rere illici­tum est. Tacit. as because his Majesty would shew a Reason why he dissolved them; for they would have had the People gone away with the opinion that it was an Arbitrary unjust Action, and their dissolution purely in favour of Popery, and nothing else: Whereas his Majesty in a Gracious and voluntary manner comes▪ and appeals to his own People how just his proceeding was in that, as in all other things; that observing the differences between the two Houses, he had reason to fear the ill consequence thereof, and therefore to allay those heats, was forced to send them home: yet was not out of love with Parliaments, but would nevertheless call them frequently, &c. Which reason being satisfactory to all [Page 18] his loving Subjects, was therefore the more disapproved of by the Factious, who, by this means, were perhaps disappointed of their intended Tumult and Insurrection, so confidently ex­pected by Mr. Colledge.

The same Factious Party do likewise accuse his Majesty of having a design, both to render himself Absolute, and to intro­duce Popery; and this is the present Doctrine that they preach in all their Cabals, Libels, and Pamphlets. Now for his design of rendring himself Absolute, let any rational man but consider how improbable a thing it is, that the King (whom his very Enemies accuse of being a too great lover of his ease, even in his youth) should now when he grows into years, attempt a thing of that great trouble and hazard: At his first Restaura­tion, might he not then have had any thing of his people? were not his Subjects at that time so tired out with the late Civil War, that he might have fettered them as he pleased himself [...] and has he not since had a Parliament tha [...] supplied him with Monies at his pleasure; nay, were as ready to grant, as he to ask; and did the King let go all these opportunities (do you think) to undertake it now? Surely no man of sence can har­bour a thought so ridiculous, and void of Reason; Besides, his Majesty (as all men know) is of so mild and peaceable a dis­position, that no person upon Earth can be more averse to such a Tyrannical and bloudy undertaking, than himself: What one Act of severity or cruelty, can his greatest Enemy charge him with, throughout his Reign, nay in his whole life-time? Alas, 'tis our too great ignorance of other Neighbouring Princes, makes us not enough esteem our own.

No English Monarch, even King James, or Queen Elizabeth her self, were ever more tender of, and careful to preserve the Rights and Priviledges of the People, then King Charles the Second now is; Parliaments themselves were never handled with that love, tenderness, and caution by any Prince, as by him; whose chief and only care is, not to violate their Privi­ledges, contrary to the proceedings of many of his Predeces­sors; As for instance, in the 23. year of Queen Elizabeth, Mr. Paul Wentworth moved in the House for a publick Fast, and for a Sermon every morning at seven of the clock, before the House sate, and it was ordered accordingly. But the Queen be­ing informed hereof, sent this Message to the House by her Vice. Chamberlain; That Her Highness much admired the Rash­ness [Page 19] of the House, in committing such an apparent Contempt of her express Command, as to put in execution such an Innovation, with­out her privity, or pleasure first known. Whereupon the House acknowledging their said offence and contempt, craving her pardon for the same, and promising to forbear the like for the future, Mr. Vice-Chamberlain by the Suffrage of the whole House did accordingly carry up this their Submission to the Queen.

Also 35 Eliz. Mr. Peter Wentworth and Sir Henry Bromley de­livered a Petition to the Lord Keeper, desiring the Lords of the Upper House to be Suppliants with them of the Lower House unto her Majesty, for entailing the Succession of the Crown, whereof a Bill was ready drawn. The Queen being highly displeased herewith, summoned the parties concern'd in this motion before her Councel, and made the Lord Keeper Buckhurst and Sir Thomas Heneage commit Wentworth prisoner to the Tower, and Mr. Bromley to the Fleet, together with Mr. Stephens, and one Mr. Welch, Knight for Worcestershire. Another time this Queen, the 28th. of her Reign, sent a severe Reprimand to the House of Commons, for choosing and re­turning Knights of the Shire for Norfolk; a thing which she said was impertinent for the House to meddle withal, and be­long'd only to the Office and care of her Chancellour, from whom the Writs issue, and are Return'd. Again, the House of Commons by their Speaker (39 Eliz▪) complained of some Monopolies: whereupon the Lord Keeper made answer in her Majesties Name, That her Majesty hoped her dutiful and loving Subjects, would not take away her Prerogative, which is the chiefest Flower in her Garden, the principal Pearl in her Crown and Diadem, but that they will rather leave that to her own disposal.

In one Parliament, when Mr. Coke (afterwards Sir Edward Coke ▪) was Speaker, the Queen sent a Messenger or Serjeant at Arms into the House of Commons, and took out Mr. Morris a Member thereof, and committed him to Prison, with divers others, for some Speeches spoken in the House. Whereupon Mr. Wroth moved the House, that they would be humble Suiters to her Majesty, that she would be pleased to enlarge those Member [...] of the House that were restrained; which was done acco [...]dingly; And answer was sent by her Privy Councel, That her Majesty had committed them for cause, best known to her [Page 20] self; and to press her Highness with this Suit, would be of dangerous consequence; that the House must not call the Queen to account for what she doth of her Royal Authority; that the causes for which they are restrained, may be high and dangerous, and that her Ma­jesty liketh no such Questions; neither that it did become the House of Commons to search into matters of that nature. And likewise (in the 39th. of Eliz.) the Commons were told, that their Priviledges were Yea, and No; and that her Majesties pleasure was, that if the Speaker perceived any idle heads which would not stick to hazard their own Estates, but meddle with Re­forming the Church, and transforming the Commonwealth, by exhi­biting Bills to that purpose, the Speaker should not receive them till they were viewed and considered by those who were fitter to con­sider of such things, and can judge better of them. And more­over,48 Bills rejected in one Session by Q. Eliz. the Queen rejected 48. Bills, which had passed both Houses in that very Parliament: whereas I have not heard of any two publick Bills that our Gracious Sovereign ever yet re­fused to pass; as for the Bill of Succession, that has never yet passed both Houses. Also in the 21 of King James, a Declara­tion was sent from New-Market to the Parliament, wherein he asserts, That most Priviledges of Parliaments gr [...]w from Prece­dents, which shew rather a Toleration, then an Inheritance: where­fore he could not allow of the stile they used to him, calling it their ancient and undoubted Right and Inheritance; but could rather have wished they had said, their Priviledges were derived from the grace and permission of his Ancestors, and himself. Thereupon he concludes, That he cannot with patience endure to hear his Sub­jects to use such Antimonarchical words concerning their Liberties, except they had subjoyned unto them, that they were granted them by the grace and favour of his Progenitors: Nevertheless he promiseth to be careful of whatsoever Priviledges they enjoy'd by long custom, and uncontrolled lawful Precedents. Neither were the Houses of Commons so full of those Heats and Animosities in former times, as they have been of late years, and in King Charles the First his Reign; but as all things were carried with lenity and Justice on the Kings side, so with great modesty and deference by the Commons. Thus in the 13th. of Edward the third, a Parliament was called to consult of the Domestick quiet, and the defence of the Marches of Scotland, and the security of the Seas from Enemies: But the Commons humbly desired, not to be put to consult of things, Queux ols n'ont pas cognizance, whereof they had no cognizance.

[Page 21]In the 12 of the same King, the Commons being moved for their advice touching the prosecution of a War with France, after four days for Consultation by an Elegant Speech of Justice Thorp, they answered that their humble desire of the King, was, that he would be advised therein by the Lords, they being of more Experience then themselves in such Affairs.

In the sixth year of Richard the second, a Parliament was called to consult whether the King should go in person to res­cue the City of Gaunt, or send an Army thither, Wherein the Commons being asked their advice, by Sir Thomas Puckring their Speaker, they humbly answered, that the Councels did more aptly belong to the King and his Lords. The next year the Commons are desired to advise of the Articles of peace with France, but they again modestly excuse themselves, as too weak to Councel in so weighty matters: And being a second time press'd as they did tender the repute of their Countrey, and Right of their King, they humbly delivered their Opinoins rather for Peace, then War; Nay, and touching the point we are now upon, of naming a Successor, I have seen (saith a late Author) a Manuscript which makes mention that Henry the Eighth, some two years before his death, Summon'd a Parliament, wherein he intimated to them, that one of his main designs of Confining that Parliament, was, that they should declare a Successor to the Crown, but the Parliament with much modesty answered, that touching that point, it belonged to His Majesty to consider of it, And consul [...] with his Learned Privy-Councel about it. And whomsoever his Majesty would be pleased to n [...]minate in his last Will, they would Confirm and Ratifie; Whereupon old King Henry made a formal Will, which was afterwards en­rolled in Chancery, &c. for such was the Moderation, and Modesty of the House of Commons in former times, that they declined the Agittation and Cognizance of High State Affairs, humbly transferring them to their Soveraign, and his Privy-Councel; a Parliament man then thought it to be the Adae­quate object of his Duty, to study the welfare, complain of grievances, and have the defect supplyed of that place for the which he served; Thus the Burgess of L [...]nn, studied to find out somthing that might have advanced the Trade of Fishing; He of Norwich, that might profit the making of Stuff, He of Rye what might preserve their Harbour from being choaked up wi [...]h [...]he [...]v [...]s of Sand; He of▪ Tiverston, to further the Manu­facture [Page 22] of Kersey's; He of Suffolk, what produced to the bene­fit of Cloathing; and the Members of Cornwal, what belong'd to their Stanneries; and so the Respective Members of their several Counties; and in doing this, they thought to have complyed and discharged the trusts reposed in them, without roveing at Universals, prying into Arcana Imperii, and bringing Religion to the Bar; the one (as they thought) be­longing more properly to the Chief Magistrate and his Councel of State; as the other to the Bishops, and Clergy. Let me not here be misconstrued, or censured to justifie his Majesty, by Reflecting on the priviledges of the Commons: for as I would not have the King lose the least Tittle of his Prerogative, so neither would I have the Commons one hairs breadth of their priviledges; nor do I go to prescribe the late Houses by the Foot-steps of their Predecessors, since by the Concession, or Connivance of late Princes, 'tis possible their priviledges may be increased; no, my only design is partly to satisfie the World that no King of England ever dealt more Candidly with a Parliament then our present Soveraign▪ no not Queen Elizabeth her self, who is so much the peoples Darling; and partly, by the Loyal Moderate example of former Houses, to prevent any heats for the future. Neither for such a facti­ous age as this is▪ can any Loyal Subject discharge his Duty bo [...]h to King and Countrey, without endeavouring (as much as in him lies) to silence those mutineers, who having first en­deavoured to exasperate the Houses one against another, and both against the Kingdo, afterwards in the Lobby lye wait­ing the event of each warm debate with the same Repacious hope, as herenofore did, Birds of Prey upon a Roman Army, when the Signal to Battel was given; for the enflaming the two Houses one against another, they make use of the Rights and priviledges of Conferences, asserting it the undoubted Rights of the Commons, (as in Fitz-Harris▪s Case they did at Oxford) to confer with the Lords when they please, with­out any denyal; Which whether it be so or no, I shall not pre­sume to determine, any farther then to acquaint you with a Remarkable passage that occurred in the Reign of Henry the fourths When the House of Commons Petition'd the King that they might have advice and Communication with cer­tain Lords about matters of business in Parliament for the Common good of the Kingdom, which Prayer (as the Re­cord [Page 23] hath it) our Lord the King most graciously granted, but with this Protestation, That he did it not of Duty, nor of Custom, but of his special Grace and Favour: So our Lord the King char­ged the Clerk of Parliament, that this Protest should be entred upon Record in the Parliament Roll. This the King made known to them by the Lord Say, and his Secretary, who told them, That our Lord the King neither of Due, nor Custom, ought to grant any Lords to enter into Communication with them of mat­ters touching the Parliament, but by his special Grace at this time he granted their request in this particular. And the said Steward and Secretary brought the King word back from the Commons, That they well knew they could not have any such Lords to com­mune with them about any business of Parliament, without special Grace and Command from the King himself. In like manner we read in Appian, (de Bell. Civ▪ lib. 1.) ‘That the creation of the Tribune Office was design'd only to ballance the power of the Consuls, whose Election then depended only on the Se­nate, and to keep them from exercising the whole Authority in the Administration of their Republick; but yet this bred much emulation, and many quarrels amongst these Magi­strates, the one seeing themselves supported by the counte­nance of the Senate, and the other by the favour of the Peo­ple, and each party thought themselves robbed of that which was added to the other.’

Now as about these and the like Priviledges, they endeavour to set the two Houses in an opposite flame, left otherwise they might comply with his Majesty; so is it their principal [...]nd (were it in their power, which God Almighty prevent) to unite both Lords and Commons against the King; and for this purpose invent all the Calumnies imaginable wherewithall to asperse him. Thus first, they would have his Subjects believe than the removing of the Parliament to Oxford, was an in [...]ustice▪ not to be parallel'd; whereas he that knows any thing, cannot be ignorant how often Parliaments have formerly been summon'd to meet as well a [...] York, Oxford▪ and very many other places, as at Westminster; and that not out of any cause of Sickne [...]s, or the like, but meerly out of the Kings will and pleasure▪ [...] hath power by his Writs to assign their meeting when and where he pleaseth. Nay, so hellish was the malice of some [...] these Commonwealths men, that (as Colledge himself confesses) they would have made the Members believe his Majesty [Page 24] brought them thither to be Murthered, a report so incredible and so barbarous, that as the wise man laughs at it, so every Loyal Subject abhors it; That a Prince whose greatest error, is his Clemency, should draw upon himself the guilt of a whole Nations bloud; But now as that appears a malicious story, and is already confuted by its not happening, so let us esteem of their Reports for the future.

Secondly, these disaffected persons (who are all descended from the right Forty one breed) endeavouring to [...]rect another perpetual Parliament, insinuate into the Peoples ears, how un­natural it is for the Government to go hopping upon one Leg, whereby they mean the King; as also that he ought to sum­mon a Parliament, whenever two or three of the Houshold of Faith desire him, and then never dissolve them so long as any grievances are depending; when (if so) they shall never be without some grievance or other to perpetuate their sitting, how small soever; and for this very reason, (although no man is a greater lover of Parliaments then my self) that expedient seem'd to me of dangerous consequence, which (to fetter the Duke of York) enabled the Parliament then in being, to con­vene and fit six months after this Kings death; since, if they had not power to act as a Parliament, they could do us no good, and if they had, then by virtue of the same power wherewith they pass'd other Acts, they might also pass an Act to perpe­tuate themselves; for frequent, and not long Parliaments, must render this Nation prosperous; old Members being too apt to hunt soul, after they have run many Chaces.

Thirdly and lastly, [...] est [...] ­strum [...]esti­mare quem s [...]pra c [...]ter [...]s, & qui­bus de cau­s [...]s extollat. Sibi sum­mum re­rum Judi­cium Dii d [...]dere: no­bis obsequ [...] gloria re­ [...]icta est. Tacit. these Malecontents encourage the most hainous Criminals, and those who have more personally and particularly offended his Majesty, to Petition the House of Commons, thereby thinking either to force the King, as it were, against his own inclinations, to release such his Enemies, or else to put him upon a necessity of disobliging the House by his de­nial; and so on the contrary, they (too often) excite them to Address themselves to his Majesty, for the Removal of such Ministers who are chiefly in his favour; as if it were a thing of that small concern to a Prince, to sacrifice his most intimate Friends, to whom he hath unbosomed his most secret Councels, and who perhaps is so charged only, for executing his Masters Precepts. Alas! let every man but make it his own Case, and see how uneasie he should be to part with, or give credit to any [Page 25] evil report against an old Friend, Relation or Servant, without some convincing undeniable proof made out against him: Not but that such Addresses may be lawful, and many times expe­dient; also Ministers of State, too often faulty. Nevertheless, such Votes and Petitions ought not to be rashly undertaken, but first duly weigh'd and considered, with the grounds, and evidences against them; and this more especially now, since his Majesty hath been pleased to declare, as he will not govern Arbitrarily himself, so neither shall his Subjects one towards another. Which puts me in mind of the story of the two Roman Embassadors, Valerius and Horatius, who being sent by the Decem-viri to the People, to enquire of their grievances, the People amongst other things complained of the Tyranny of the Decem-viri, desiring to have them deliver'd up into their hands, that they might burn them alive: But the Embassadors not consenting to their demand, replyed, Crudelitatem damna­tis, incrudelitatem ruitis; you condemn Cruelty, and practise it your selves.

I do not find that the House of Commons was ever Petition'd till about the middle of Henry the seventh's Reign, which Petition is inserted among the Statutes: But though the Peti­tion be directed to the House of Commons in its Title, yet the Prayer of the Petition is turn'd to the King, and not to the Commons. The Petition begins thus; To the Right Worshipful Commons in this present Parliament assembled; Shews to your discreet wisdoms, the Wardens of the Fellowship of the Craft of Ʋpholsterers within London, &c. But the conclusion is, There­fore may it please the Kings Highness, by the Advice of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and his Commons in Parliament, &c.

Again, I find many Examples to prove that though the cog­nizance and debating of great State-affairs, belong to the High Court of Parliament, yet heretofore the Lords have oftentimes transmitted such business to the Kings Privy-Council; amongst others let this suffice: When one Mortimer, who stiled himself Captain Mendall, (otherwise called Jack Cade) came with a Rabble of the Vulgar, with a Petition to the Lower House, the Commons sent it up to the Lords, and the Lords transmitted it to the Kings Privy-Council to consider of. But to conclude this point, the difference between King and Parliament is, that the one represents God, the other the People; the Consultative power by the Kings permission is in Parliament, but the Com­manding [Page 26] power remains inseparable in him; the results and productions of Parliaments, at best are but Bills, 'tis the Kings breath makes them Laws; which are till then but dead things, they are like Matches unfired▪ 'tis the King that gives them Life, and Light: The Lords advise, the Commons consent, but the King ordains; they mould the Bills, but the King makes them Laws.

Having thus now sufficiently vindicated our most Royal So­veraign, against all the malicious aspersions of his Enemies, who would falsly and treacherously charge the best-natur'd Prince under Heaven, with having a design to introduce an Arbitrary Government here amongst us; give me leave in the next place to speak to their no less Devillish, and wicked Re­proach of his being a Papist, which these Traytors cast upon him in Revenge, to alienate (were such a thing possible) the hearts and affections of his Loyal Subjects, from that Duty and Allegiance they owe to him. They first pretended his Majesty to be in a Plot against his own Life, and now because that seems too ridiculous, they give out, that whereas there were two parts of the Popish Plot, the one to introduce Popery, the other to kill the King, his Majesty was made acquainted only with the former part of it, (viz▪) the introducing of Popery, and not with his own death. But here let any Rational man consi­der, for what end they should design to take off the King, unless it were that he would not aid and assist them in bringing in the Popish Religion into this Kingdom; for if he were (as these men say) privy and assisting to their Plot of subverting the Go­vernment, for what purpose should they then conspire against his Person? we must therefore either suspend our belief of the one, or the other at least.

Secondly, in favour to the Popish Party they would make the world believe that in an unnatural manner, his Majesty should for his Royal Brothers sake, consent to the destruction of his own natural Son the D. of M. and accordingly pos­sess his Grace with an opinion, that he was sent into Flanders on purpose to be destroyed; hoping by this means to set the Son against his Father, and render him like that worst of Men, Darius, who together with Fifty of his Bastard Brethren Plot­ted against the Life of his most Indulgent Father Artaxe [...]xes, that good King of Persia; in which Conspiracy (as the Histo­rian says,) ‘it was prodigious, that in so great a Number▪ [Page 27] Parricide could not only be contracted, but concealed, and that amongst Fifty of his Children, there was not one found, whom neither the Majesty of a King, nor the reverence of an Ancient man, nor the Indulgency of so good a Father, could recall from so horrible an Act.’ Justin lib. 10. We read how Themistocles used to say, That such men as He resembled Oaks, to whom men come for shelter, when they have need of them in Rain, and desire to be protected by their Boughs▪ But when it is fair, they come to them to strip and peel them. Aelian lib. 9. ch. 18. In the same manner do the Brotherhood by the D. of M. make all their present Applications to him, as thinking him a fit Pole to support those helpless Hops, and the only person of whom for Quality and Courage they may make use as a General against a Popish Successor; they make him the Claw to take the Chesnut out of the Fire, which being done they will as ignominiously cashier him, their design being un­doubtedly to erect a Geneva Republick, and no other: Nay, did they yet intend a Monarchy, their malice would after such a Rebellion reject him, even for his Royal Fathers sake; There­fore as his Grace must draw his Virtue from His Bloud, so I doubt not but e're long to hear▪ the fatted Calf is kill'd, espe­cially since he is blessed with so merciful a King, and so indul­gent a Father.

But thirdly, Another Argument which they urge to prove the King a favourer of Popery, is, his being unwilling to dis­inherit his only Brother, and (if his Majesty die before him without Issue) his next lawful Successor. On this subject out of Doleman's Succession of the Crown, (though a Popish Book▪) they steal many Protestant Arguments, which (to be thought Learned men,) they vent for their own; as indeed upon all other subjects, their Speeches are nothing but fragments out of old Parliament Pamphlets, collected, pack'd together, and ven­ted for their own; Ephemeris Parliamentaria is a Book of main use to them for this purpose▪ But to return to our subject: Now let any man make this his own Case, and consider, whe­ther he should not think it a hard put upon him, to be forced to dis-inherit his own Son, (the objection lying as well against a Son, as a Brother) only for his changing his Religion, and that too as well for turning Presbyterian, Anabaptist, or Quaker, as for turning Pap [...]st, they being alike Recusants, and equally offenders against the established Law and Government of this [Page 28] Land, witness the 35 of Eliz. Nay to Sacrifice, and deliver up a Brother, who hath so often exposed his Life amongst crouds of Bullets, and to the raging of the boisterous Seas, for the Security and Honour both of King and Kingdom; a Brother who was an equal sharer with him in all his late Afflictions, as well in the loss of a Father, as in other sad effects of the late dreadful Rebellion, this must be no small violence to his Na­ture; especially since it was never yet made appear, that his R. H. was in the least privy to any Plot, or Conspiracy against the Person of his Sacred Majesty; nay, by Dr. Oates his con­fession it appears, that these bloudy-minded Papists had as well designed to take away the Duke's Life, as the King's, had they not found him fitting for their turn; which shews that they were never assured of his Highnesses joyning with them, but rather that he was altogether ignorant of their Intrigues, which▪ made them question his adherence: since it may be very possi­ble for a younger Brothers Servant, to conspire the death of his Masters elder Brother, in hopes to better his Service, without ever acquainting his Master with the design. Which things considered, it seems to me very unreasonable to censure his Majesty for his unwillingness to dis-inherit his Brother, purely upon a surmise, and no proof; also to argue from the ill conse­quence that must attend the Dominion of a Popish Successor, were to disown that Precept of Christianity, which forbids us to do evil that good may come of it. Nevertheless, as the House of Commons voted, I cannot but acknowledge, that the un­fortunate pervertion of his Royal Highness, may have been a great encouragement of that Party to hope once more to esta­blish their Superstitious Worship amongst us, and for that pur­pose they may, (contrary to his Highnesses knowledge,) enter into Plots and Conspiracies, to divide and set us altogether by the Ears; when in the mean time, like the Kite in the Fable, they would come and seize upon us both; for the Consistory and Jesuits maintaining throughout the World a Traffick of Sedition and privy Conspiracy, have yet had so much wit, as to Land it in Presbyterian Bottoms, (fit Vessels for Rebellion) and to cover their disobedience to Governours, under the At­tempts of the Anabaptists, who naturally acknowledge none; so that to ruine this Popish Fabrick, we must extirpate this Fanatick Foundation. Therefore I could heartily wish, and I do believe that most moderate men are now of the same opinion, [Page 29] that if the Parliament had embraced his Majesties gracious offers of hampering and fettering a Popish Successor, by Laws, so as to render him (as much as was possible) uncapable of Alter­ing the Government either in Church or State, and that by some Parliamentary expedient they had taken away his Sting; since now by refusing to accept any thing, because we cannot have every thing, we expose our selves both at home and abroad to danger, we miss the opportunity of making other good Laws both against Popery and a Popish Successor, who might have come upon us in this Interim, when we had no Law to oppose Him, and his Majesty (whom we daily think in so much danger) done otherwise then well, also for fear of this un­certain danger of a Popish Successor, (whom with Gods blessing his Majesty may survive) we expose not only our selves,Nec quies gentium si­ne armis, nec arma sine stipen­dio, nec sti­pendia si­ne Tributi [...] haberi que­unt. Ta [...]it. but also all Holland, Flanders, and all the Protestants of Christen­dom to the merciless rage and fury of the French King. Where­as did we agree amongst our selves, and assist His Majesty in his Alliance with other Protestant Princes, and States, we might happily prevent the effusion of that Protestant Bloud which will otherways be shed, as the Dutch Memorial Com­plains.

Moreover, excepting this Bill of Succession, which never came to his hands, what other Security for the Protestant Re­ligion has His Majesty ever denyed the Parliament; has he not offered to pass any expedient that could be proposed, has he not put out what ever Proclamations they desired, either to banish the Papists so many miles, or to encourage more Witnesses to come in, with promises of Rewards, and pardon! In Fine, what has he left undone that might tend to promote further Discovery, to extirpate Popery, and to secure the Pro­testant Religion? Now as to the truth of the Popish Plot in general, to subvert the Government both in Church and State, introducing the Roman Catholick Religion into this King­dom, &c. is a thing beyond all possibility of doubt, and hath already been so declared by King and Parliaments, Nay the several Circumstances belonging to it (which I value more then the Credit of the Witnesses,) makes it as visible as the Sun at noon-day; and besides the interest of the Jesuits (who are certainly the wickedest of all sorts of m [...]n) 'tis natural for all persons to covet to bring over Converts to their own Opinions, in Civiel ma [...]ters, vain glory; And in Sprituals, the [Page 30] Reward for doing an Act of Charity prompts them to it, for if either Papist, or Sectary believe their Faith to be the only saving Faith, how then (say they) can we love our Neigh­bours as our selves, unless we endeavour to draw them over to our own perswasion, wherein we think men can only be Saved? And this I make no question has been one main reason. (together with their promise of Salvation to the Converter) that allured many of the most vertuous sort of Papists into this Conspiracy of introducing Popery amongst us; Another reason which may have prompted their Clergy, and the most dissolute sort of Papists, to this undertaking, was perhaps, the vast Rich Abbies, and Revenues which did heretofore belong to the Church of Rome; and the which they cannot but with envy now behold in the possession of their Enemies; neither would they give themselves the least trouble for our Conver­sion, were it not more for our Estates-sake then for our Souls good; Wherefore as their Interest why there should be a Plot, is one argument to me there is one; So the Plot is likewise ano­ther argument to me, that they have a design upon Church-Lands; for which reason I could almost wish that all the Ab­bies in England had been demolished and Levelled with the ground at the time of the Reformation, since the best way to destroy Priests, as well as Crows, is to pluck down both their Nests. Now these things considered, do fully satisfie me of the Papists Plot, and design to introduce Popery, and with that Arbitrary Government▪ whereby alone they inspect to be re­instated in the possession of their Church-Revenues And with the same do I also believe that the heat of this Popish Plot hath brought to life, the Dissenting Serpents, whose design now is, to sting the Protestants upon the Papists backs.

There is a Machiavelian Plot.
Though eve y nor All-fact is not;
By setting Brother against Brother,
To Claw, and curry one another,
'Tis Plain enough to him that knows
How Saints lead Brothers by the Nose. Hudib.

Nevertheless now, although I believe the Popish Plot in ge­neral, yet can I not but suspend my Credit of many particular Circumstances given in Evidence concerning the Kings death: [Page 31] as the manner of Groves, and Pickerings going to shoot the King with silver Bullets, is to me a pill of Faith that I can hardly swallow; which very thing makes many incredulous persons raise this scruple, whether some men perceiving the designs of the Papists to introduce Popery (which part of the Plot is un­deniable even by their own party) did not (to represent it more formidable to the common people forge this aditional Plot of murthering the King, the Duke of Buckingham, Earl of Shaftsbury, Earl of Ossery, and other great Darlings of the people, (who God be praised have none of them been yet assaulted;) that joyning both Plots together, the vulgar peo­ple might be the more exasperated, and so by preventing the one, help to keep out the other; but whether this be the truth of it or no, I do not positively affirm, only this I know, that since Colledges Tryal, neither I, nor I presume any one else, can have that esteem for the Popish Witnesses as before, where if you believe Dugdale, Turbervil, and Smith, what must you think of Oates's Evidence, which has help'd towards the hanging so many? and if you credit the Doctor, what will your opinion be of Dugdale, Turbervil and Smiths Evidences,Delatores, genus homi­num publico exitio re­pertum, & paenis qui­dem nun­quam satis coercitum, p [...]r praenis elici ban­tu [...]. Tacit. which have cost my Lord Stafford and so many others their Lives? 'Tis a mistery which nothing but the Gallows can ex­pound, therefore let him that best deserves it have it, only this I can say in behalf of the King's Evidence against Colledge, that I my self have bought two yards of Popery and Slavery Ribbon of him at Short's Coffee-house in Oxford, where I also heard him speak things (though not Treasonable, yet) scandalously reflecting on the whole Royal Family; also one of those Treasonable Pictures which he deny'd ever to have disper­sed, is now to be seen at a Smiths House at Fretwel in Oxford­shire, the which Colledge gave him with his own hands, as others of his Neighbours can testifie. Nay, Mr. Sheriff of Oxon, and other Gentlemen, can testifie, that the day before his death he acknowledged to them many things whereof he was con­victed at his Tryal, the which he again denied at the time of his Execution; how then the London Jury could think him so In­nocent as not to deserve to be brought upon his Tryal, is a Rid­dle, which all men wonder they have not yet expounded, by some Vindication of themselves to the world; unless it be as the ingenious Hudibras says:

[Page 32]
That Witnesses like Watches go,
Just as they're set, too fast or slow;
And where in Conscience they're strait lac'd,
'Tis ten to one that side is cast.
Is not the winding up the Witness,
And nicking, more than half the business?
Do not your Juries give the Verdict
As if they felt the Cause, not heard it;
And as they please make matter of Fact
Run all on one side, as they're pack'd?
Nature has made man's Breast no windows,
To publish what he does within-doors,
Nor what dark secrets there inhabit,
Ʋnless his own rash folly blab it.

This Grand-Ignoramus-Jury did undoubtedly cost the Prisoner his life; for had they brought in Billa vera, then a pack'd Petty-Jury might afterwards have acquitted him in Middlesex, and prevented his Oxford-Tryal, which was a great over-sight of the Brotherhood; as also was Dr. Oates's appearing so violently against the rest of his Brother-witnesses, whereby he has cast no small blur upon the Plot in general. But two of a Trade can never agree.

Now, to conclude this subject, give me leave only to ac­quaint you what more favour Mr. Colledge had shewn him then Mr. Staley, who being buried pompously, was for that Treason afterwards taken out of his Grave by Command, and his Quar­ters erected upon the several City-Gates; whereas Mr. Colledge, though no less decently interred, was nevertheless permitted to remain undisturbed: so much more merciful to him was our good King, whom he had offended, then those Barbarous Oxonians, whom he had never injured, and who yet shouted at his Condemnation.

And now, Gentlemen, having plainly shew'd and demonstra­ted the miseries of the late Civil War, and our danger of running into the same again; having without flattery represented to you the Justi [...]e and Clemency of our present King, as also the mode­ration of former Parliaments, and having most impartially characterized the endeavours of the Factious, and Tyranny of a Commonwealth, my earnest prayers and entreaty now is, that [Page 23] you would not too easily credit those idle reports and jealousies concerning the King and Government, which are raised only to deceive you; that, as well in your Judgment as Obedience, you would follow the Supreme Authority of the Nation; esteeming the King's Glory your Honour, and His Grandeur your Security. Men of heat are men of Faction,, therefore avoid all such Zealots, of any kind; and whe [...] His Maj [...]sty shall summon your Picture again to sit in the Parliament-house, be sure it be drawn by a good Hand: The Government by King, Lords and Commons is the best of all others, therefore endea­vour to support it, by following every man his own Vocation, resigning State-affairs to the Conduct of King and Parliament, to whom they more properly belong; As for my self, I was ever before of a different opinion, and blush not to own that my Principles are changed, since 'tis not out of any Preferment, Interest or expectation at Court, (which as I never wanted, so I never sought after) but purely upon the merits of the Cause. I now perceive so much Faction and Knavery among the Whig­Party, and so much uncertainty among the Witnesses, that he who wishes well to King Charles and old England, must equally abhor both Whigs and Tories, that is, both Enemies to King, and Enemies to Parliaments.

Again, Gentlemen, as well our Interest as Duty obliges us to promote Peace; and though we should (as we have no rea­son to do) apprehend our selves to be under some small grie­vance, yet let us esteem it as a Scab, that oftentimes breaks out in the most wholesom constituted Bodies of States, and may with less smart be continued on, then picked off. If hopes of raising a Fortune be any motive to engage you to a Party, re­member first, that the sole power of rewarding Virtue, and pu­nishing Vice, is in the Kings Breast; all Imployments both of Honour and Profit, solely at his Majesties disposal: and Se­condly, remember that the Die of War seldom turns to their advantage that first cast it: Thus Oliver, who was not known or heard of at the beginning of the late War, nevertheless went away with the Prize. Therefore (saith a late Author) 'tis good to have patience, and see the Tree sufficiently shaken, before you run and scramble for the Fruit, lest instead of Profit or Ho­nour, you meet with a Cudgel or Stone; and then too, see that you fall in rather by Compulsion, then Design. The example of Brutus, rather then Cato, is to be followed in bad times; it [Page 34] being safer to be patient, then active; or appear a Fool, then a Malecontent. Should you ever live to be reduced under the extremity of a Tyrants Reign, and he should exact an acknow­ledgment of Obedience from you, I see not how either in Con­science or Interest you could refuse him, it being the highest frenzy imaginable to dispute your Innocency with those able to convert the greatest into a fault; no Plea is sufficient to bar the Lyon of his Right. Also if it be no dishonour to submit to a stronger Party, (though of Thieves) when fallen into their hands, then let not the example of a few Fools, who (like Lice) thrive no where so well as in a Prison, tempt you to op­pose your felicity against the Imperative power, under which the disposure of your person doth wholly remain, and there­fore madness to deny it words. It is most dangerous to be the Pen or Mouth of a multitude congregated by the Jingling of their Fetters, lest a Pardon or Compliance knock them off, and all the Reckoning left for you to pay; when if you expect re­lief from the Common people, you will then too late find the wise Florentine's words true, That he who builds upon the People, builds upon dirt; since the zeal of the Rabble is not so soon heated by the real oppressions of their Rulers, but may be as easily cooled by the specious promises and breath of Authority. Massianello adored by the Mobile one day, is torn in pieces by the same the next; therefore Nurse not Ambition with your own Bloud▪ nor Sacrifice a Gallant Person for the Applauses of an ungrateful, unthinking Croud, which Fame (like Venus) is formed only out of the foam of the People. Neither are any grown'd more in this Warlike Mill of Vicissitudes, then such obstinate Fools, who glory in the repute of State-Martyrs after they are dead; which concerns them no more, then what was said an hundred years before they were born; it being the greatest odds their Names will not be Registred, or if they be, after death they are no more sensible of Honour, then any dead Animal whatsoever. Most persons have enough to do about their own private concerns of Family and Estate, there­fore what greater folly can there be, then to send to Market for troubles, as those do that vex themselves about State-affairs, Foreign Wars, and the like?

Finally, Now as both from Duty and Interest I have used the best of my endeavour to perswade Obedience and Loyalty to King and Government▪ and Unity and Peace amongst one [Page 35] another; so let me conclude with this disswasive from any con­trary attempts, by shewing you the happy difference betwixt our present condition, and that of 41. First, God be thanked our Enemies want such a Factious Parliament, with malice and cunning to invent mischief. Secondly, (God be praised for it) they want such a perpetual Parliament, with power to countenance and support all Factious designs, without fear of being dissolved. Thirdly, That Providence which I trust will defend both King and Kingdom, hath denied them at present such a Popular General, and Officers to carry on the Sedition for them in the Field, without which their Treason must soon fall to the ground; for a Multitude without a Head, is alto­gether unserviceable, as appear'd upon the Accident of Virgi­nius; When the People having taken Arms, and re [...]red to the Holy Mount, the Senate sent to them to know upon what ac­count they had abandoned their Officers, and betaken them­selves to that Mount: But the Authority of the Senate was so venerable among the People, that having no Head among them, there was no body durst return Answer. Titus Livius tells us, Non defuit quid responderetur, deerat qui responsum da­ret; They wanted not what to say, but who to deliver it: For having no certain Commander, every private person was un­willing to expose himself to their displeasure: whereby we may understand, how useless a thing is a Multitude without a Head. Fourthly, and Lastly, Astrea (since his Majesties happy Restauration) hath descended and fixed the Militia up­on its right Owner, which Militia (under pretence of belong­ing to the People) was before made use of against the King▪ Now all these Considerations, together with the never-to-be-forgotten smart of the late Civil War, may I hope conduce to that everlasting Peace and Union of King and Kingdom, which is so continually and earnestly implored of Almighty God, by

(Gentlemen) Your humble Moderator and Servant, PHILANGLUS.

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