REader, there are some faults which are escaped in the printing, which do much darken the fense, the which thou may do well with thy Pen to mend, according to the Errata.

Pag. 1. lin. 30. read and obtained. Pag. 16. l. 16. for selves r. self: pag. 18. l. 33. for the r. that: pag. 19. l. 1. r. Work, and thou: pag. 22. l. 14. for i [...], r. into: l. 15. for Cannons, r. Can [...]es: pag. 39. l. 5. for expect, r. expected: pag. 47. l. 27. blot out one and: pag. 52. l. 5. for you r. thee: l. 6. r. between me: pag. 54. l. 12, for against it: r. against them: l. 21. for they, r. this: pag. 67. l. 6. r. hat on: pag. 68. l. 25. r. that I had: pag. 72. l. 32. for thee r. that: pag. 92. l. 1. for set, r, sent: pag. 100. l. 34. for we saw, r. he saw: pag. 101. l. 11. r. Poyson of Asps: pag 105. l. 26. for Duth, r. Dutch: l. 33. for Duth, r. Dutch: pag. 107. l. 26. r. the least: pag. 113. 24. for you, r. thou: pag. 120. l. 3. r. t [...]ok not upon him.

NEW-ENGLAND'S ENSIGNE: It being THE ACCOUNT OF Cruelty, the Professors Pride, and the Articles of their Faith; Signified in Characters written in blood, wickedly begun, barbarously continued, and inhumanly finished (so far as they have gone) by the present power of darkness possest in the Priests and Rulers in New-England, with the Dutch also inhabiting the same Land; In a bloody and cruel birth, which the Husband to the Whore of Babylon, hath brought forth, by ravishing and torturing the seed of the Virgin of Israel.

Happy are they who are blest out of the hands of Hypocrites, by whom my Saviour suffered.

As it is said in David, ‘Behold, and see, our hands, our sides, and our ears, if we be not the people Christ Iesus suffers in.’

This being an Account of the Sufferings sustained by us in New-England, (with the Dutch) the most part of it in these two last yeers, 1657, 1658. With a Letter to Iohn Indicot, and Iohn Norton, Governor, and chief Priest of Boston, and another to the town of Boston. Also, the several late Conditions of a friend upon Road-Iland, before, in and after distraction; With some Quaeries unto all sorts of people, who want that which we have, &c. VVritten at Sea, by us whom the VVicked in scorn calls Quakers, in the second month of the Yeer 1659. This being a Confirmation of so much as Francis Howgill truly published in his Book titled, The Popish Inquisition newly erected in New-England, &c.

London, Printed by T. L. for G. Calvert, at the Black-Spread-Eagle, neer the West-end of Pauls, 1659.

New-England's Ensigne, &c.


IF thou wouldst be informed of the present and true e­state, how thing is, and hath been, concerning Re­ligion in New-England, peruse these following lines, which what is therein mentioned, is the real truth of what it hath afforded in less then these two last yeers, and judge thou with that of God in thy conscience, if their shame hath not far out-run their fame; for a bloodier Character, I be­lieve, thou hast not read nor heard in these late dayes, a people pre­tending wholly to hold up the most refined Church, that hath so largely committed sacriledge as these have done; for since my Fa­ther fetch't me out of the lowest hell, and led me through the graves of sin and death, wherein I saw lying all the Professors under the Sun; yet amongst them all, I have not met with such a cup of cru­elty, as there with my fellowes I drunk from the hands of our Countrey-men, the cruel English Jewes, who professeth Christ in the letter, but crucifieth him in the life where ever he appeareth; Greater hypocrites are not under the Sun then they are in word, and in shew they appear beautiful unto men, but in covetousness and deceitful dealing, secret lust, and dissimulation, they flow; Penitency nor Mercy, Justice nor Righteousness in reality, is not in the least amongst them; if I speak any other then I have seen and heard, and my hands have handled amongst them▪ then should I be like unto them; if I speak as from revenge and malice against that people, I were to be blamed, but in reality to forewarn all to beware of hypocrites, of which sort in all Nations they are the head. If thou canst have patience to peruse my words with the least degree of sa­vour or taste of the Saints travels sustained through true experi­ence, obtained through obedience to the light of the Lord Jesus Christ, hearken and I shall speak; I was in darkness, yea gross darkness covered me, and Satan (as King over all the earth) ruled over me, and I knew it not, until the terrors of God fell upon me for sin; and then out of the belly of hell cryed I, so grievous was my complaint, and so dolefull was my cry, that I was vomited forth as one not wor­thy [Page 2] to have place in all the earth; my bones did waste, and my flesh was as the slime for Pharoah's house, ready to be converted into e­very crawling creature, as the plague changed, so did the boyl, and the form of the creature was accordingly. This is the word of Truth, he that can receive it let him. In this distress, I heard a cry in the coasts of Goshen, of light that was broken forth, and that there was a measure of it given to every man to profit withall; but so dark was I, and so grossly bl [...]nde, what this Light was I knew not, nor amongst all Professors, Priests nor others, I had never heard it spoken of, nor preached for salvation to the ends of the earth. Then called I to question all that ever I had either read or heard, to the last tittle of my Belief, wherein I said, that he descended in­to hell, and read that he was given for a light into the world, al­though the whole world lay in wickedness, and the Devil the god thereof, according to the Scriptures; and I had sought heaven long, yet knew I not in the least measure that which first discovers hell; yet from amongst the wickedest of men was I crauled, and loathed the basest of abominations, and desires great to live justly and to inioy God, (no mans groanes greater) which set me to in­quire after this new light which was so called amongst the wicked, and what effect it wrought amongst such as did believe in it; I heard that it did convince of sin, and being believed in, obeyed, and followed, led out of all manner of uncleanness. Then said I in my heart, if so, it should not want following, for I was weary of my sin, and my transgressions was before me continually, yea I loa­thed my life unto death when I saw Christ so low descended, and compassed about with such a caule of corruption, it brought me as low as he, yea even to dye with him: And believing in this Light, I shall tell thee Reader of a Truth what further effect it wrought in me, without in the least giving thee the report as from any other man besides my self, that thou mayst know the truth thereof, O Theophilus, whatsoever thou art; it was unto me as the Angell of his presence, and caused me to carry the Ark back again into Aegypt, and charged me there to abide until he brought the word; (for he that travels before, strives in his owne strength. There was I constrained in Mezech to cry, Woe is me, as one de­livered unto Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the soul might be saved in the day of the Lord; He that can receive it let [Page 3] him. There left I the leaven of the Pharisees, and kneading of do [...]gh, and making of cakes, and baking them upon the Altars made unto sin, and fed only upon Angels food, which I reaped, a [...] ­tending at the Altar of Incense to receive the Word; in the strength whereof [Reader] to the death of all flesh and self, I have obtai­ned mercy, peace with God, redemption from all filthiness of flesh and spirit, an heir of his kingdom, a member of his Body, a Mi­nister of his Spirit, and an inheritor of his Eternal Rest, blessed for ever. Betwixt this death and this life, this heavinese and this help, this desolation and restoration, are all the Families, Kin­dreds, and People upon earth, be of what notion or profession they will, and having past through the Dragons den, and the most vain­est and beast liest place of all Bruits, the most publikely prophane, and the most covertly corrupt, the English in New England is the worst (especially their Priest and Rulers;) for, for all their feigned and whining profession, there we found the Fiery Tryals (as from men) having past through all their Pattents [so called] bearing the testimony of the VVord of God; of the Indians never received. I any harm, but freely entertained with such as they had. Moreo­ver by such as were by the English accounted the basest of men, whom many of them they had barbarously banished from amongst them, whom we found in Road-Iland, Long-Iland, Provindence, and els­where; also in Plimouth-Pattent were we received, and in seve­rall other places as the Messengers of God, and Sephas: And what we; with these also, who have believed our report, have reaped from their cruel hands, hereafter f [...]lloweth, with the places and parties thus intreated; And also a true Copy of the Law whereby they acted thus against us; such a one as I am sure never proc [...]eded out of Sion; Shall David want a King to sit upon his Throne for ever? Shall not God raise up Judges in righteousness, who shall plead his cause with the men of this generation, that they may be judged as men in the flesh, and their reward given them ac­cording to God in the Spirit? Shall innocent blood lye buried in the dust for ever? Surely nay; thou wilt revenge thine own Elect, who cries unto thee day and night, against these who builds up Si­on with blood, and Jerusalem with oppression, cruelty and iniquity: So after the discharging of my conscience towards God, in the com­mitting these things to publike view, recommending them to the [Page 4] consciences and considerations of all that are in Authority, the chief Magistrate and his Assistants who sits in Council with him, and who ought in righteousness so much as in them lies, to see these grievan­ces and abuses regulated, or otherwise these things at their hands will be required; for let them be assured, that that spirit which hath at­tempted unto blood in such a high nature as they have done, not being called to an account for it, will attempt to take away life, if still suf­fered; as you may further understand their cruel intent by a Law set forth in this present yeer 1658. and this as surely they seek after, as the enemies of God doth after thine, or did after thy father O. C. for as little art thou esteemed by the one, as by the other, further then base and self-ends leads them to seek unto thee; for when we were moved of the Lord to make our appeal once and again, that our cause might be heard and tryed by the chief Magistrate, or whom he pleas­ed to appoint, we were utterly denyed it, and his Name sleighted, and never so much as made mention of, in their proeeedings in that bloody and cruel place of Boston; and as the least principle of the law of Love bears rule in thee, it will lead thee to do for thy neighbors and friends as for thy self, and if this thou do not, thou canst not be justi­fied in the sight of God, nor from our blood cleer in the day of thine account; and least thou or any one should question the truth hereof, we the Sufferers are the Subscribers, who are all of us by name and nature free-born English people, whom if thou, or any by thy appoint­ment, shall call us to question concerning the truth hereof, I am satis­fied we shall be as ready to do the second, as we have been to suffer for the first; And it being the honor of a King to finde out a cause, finde out this as thou art Noble, and if any man can contradict the truth of one passage in this particular, I shall freely bear the blame and shame thereof, who hath been, and am an eye and ear-witness un­to them all, Called amongst men,

Humphrey Norton.

Reader, Thou mayst further understand, that varietie of Lawes they invent and establish at the least two times every yeer, and if oc­casion seem to present, they can do it two times a week, as they did by John Rous and Humphrey Norton, and severall others, having whipt us once according to their former Law, soon after our imprison­ment, as thou wilt further understand in what followeth; In the week [Page 5] following, their malice was so great against us, that they made a se­cond, whereby to whip us two times a week; but this they read unto us, and put in execution upon our bodies, but would not suffer us to have a copy of it; and I knowing that there is an everlasting Law e­stablished and given forth, with Statutes and Ordinances attending on it (recorded in the book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel and Judah) against all transgressions whatsoever committed and un­committed, I could do no less but smile at their blindness.

So that Reader, finding their Lawes not worthy of losing or wast­ing thy time in, I shall commit no more to thy view then necessity puts me upon to certify unto thee the truth and nakedness o [...] the things herein mentioned; And that thou with us may judge of the Tree by its fruits, here followeth one of them.

At a Council held at Boston, the 11. of July, 1656.

VVHereas there are several Lawes long since made and published in this Jurisdiction, bearing testimony a­gainst Hereticks and erroneous persons, yet notwithstanding Simon Kempthorn of Charls-Town, Master of the Ship-Swallow of Boston, hath brought into this Jurisdiction from the Iland of Barbados, two Women, who name themselves Anne, the Wife of one Austin, and Mary Fisher, being of that sort of people com­monly known by the Name of Quakers, who upon exami­nation are found not onely to bee transgressors of the former Laws, but do hold many very dangerous, heretical, and blasphemous Opinions, and they also acknowledge that they came here purposely to propagate their said errors and here­sies, bringing with them, and spreading here sundry Books, wherein are contained many most corrupt, heretical, and blas­phemous Doctrines, contrary to the truth of the Gospel pro­fessed amongst us; the Council therefore tendering the preser­vation of the Peace and Truth enjoyed and professed among [Page 6] the Churches of Christ in this Countrey; do here by order,

First, That all such corrupt books as shall be found upon search, to be brought in and spread by the foresaid persons, be forthwith burned and destroyed by the common executioner. Secondly, That the said Anne and Mary be kept in close prison, and none admitted communication with them without leave from the Governor, Deputy-Governor, or any two Magistrates, to prevent the spreading of their corrupt Opinions, untill such time as they be delivered by Authority aboard some Vessel to be transporte [...] out of the Countrey. Thirdly, the said Simon Kempthorne is hereby injoyned spéedily and directly to [...]ransport, or cause to be transported the said persons from hence unto the Barbado's from whence they came, he defraying all the charge of their imprisonment; and for the effectual performance here­of, hée is to give security to the Secretary in a Bond of a hundred Pounds sterling; and on his refusal to give such securi­ty, he is to be committed to prison till he do it.

By the Council, Edward Rawson, Secretary.

The Sufferers under this Law.

Reader, Thou mayst understand, That besides what I am to give thee an account of concerning their proceedings in these two last years, to wit, 57, and 58. That as a Preface to this their work they thus began in 56; there being two of the servants of God, called Mary Fisher, and Anna Austin, moved from Barba­does to the Town of Boston, which when there arrived, they ha­ving notice of it, the deputy Governour Richard Bellingham sent to stop them from coming ashore until they saw their own time, in sending their Marshal for them, and to search for what Books they had, which being done, thou maist understand by their order, that their common Executioner was appointed to destroy them (O lear­ned and malicious cruelty!) as if another man had not been suf­ficient to have burnt a few harmless Books, who like their Ma­sters can neither fight, strike, nor quarrel, (but the common Execu­tioner must have the honour of it) and they committed to close Prisor, none to come at them to confer with them, but whom they had a mind to suffer for the abusing or ensnaring of them, as appa­rently doth appear by their reviling language, in that which they call their Law, as cursed Hereticks, Adamites, Blasphemers, &c. [Page 7] and accusing them for Witches; whereupon they took upon them to appoint women to search them, who also took men along with them, which if they had denied or refused, to have bound and con­strained them, but such was their innocency that they suffered all whatsoever they attempted to do unto them, which inhumanely was in the manner following: Stript them stark naked, not missing head not feet, searching betwixt their toes, and amongst their hair, t [...]w­ing and abusing their bodies more then modesty can mention, in so much that Anne who was a married woman, and had born 5 chil­dren said, That she had not suffered so much in the birth of them all, as she had done under their barbarous and cruel hands; who al­so amongst other lyes and slanders, reported that one of them before their search was a man in womans apparrel; but lyes are licensed amongst them, both by Priest and Ruler, for in Court and Pul­pit I have heard it without resraint or limit of theirs; and after five weeks imprisonment, or thereupon, with these and the like abuses which are too tedious to mention, they sent them away without the making manifest against them the transgression of any known Law in the least (as thou mayest perceive by their Order) but what is against us all, crying out as with one consent, Away with this people, and give us a troop of Robbers, Hosea 6. 9. to wit Priests.

About two daies after these two were had out of prison to be shipt away for Barbadoes, from whence they came, we eight, to wit, Chri­stopher Holder, Thomas Thriston, William Brend, John Cope­land, Mary Prince, Sarah Gibbens, Mary Weatherhead, Doro­thy Waugh, who when according to the will of God we were come to an anchor in Boston in New England; being made sensible of the cryes and groans of his seed, which cryed unto him for help and deliverance from under the cruel bondage it served, and the captivity it was held in by the cruel Lords which bear rule ouer it, the Ministers and Magistrates (so called) but rather bloody Masters and oppressors, for so they are in truth; which cryes and groans, having entred into the ears of the Lord God of Sabbaths, whose compassion is great towards his seed, and whose love is large to satisfie those who desire after the knowledge of his ways i [...] sincerity; for the deliverance of which seed, he is risen in great majesty and power, the arm whereof is stretched forth doth evidently appear▪ in raising up and gathering to himself his servants, sons and daugh­ters, [Page 8] whom he hath made true witnesses of his Name, according to the working of which mighty power, which hath subdued all things to himself in us, and hath made us obedient to the command of his Spi­rit, and who brought us to the place of his appointment, which when there we came, Robert Lock Commander of the Ship would not suffer us to go ashore, untill he had given in our names to the Gover­nour; which being done, the Marshal with the Constable was sent aboard with a Warrant to search the Boxes, Chests and Trunks of the Quakers for Erronious Books, and hellish Pamphlets, as they called them, and take them from us (—Oh! what will become of you in that day when a dog dare not lift his tongue against the quakers) the which they did, taking away what they found, ha­ving an Order to bring us eight, with one Richard Smith whom they [...]alled our Proselite before the Court then sitting at Boston; which thing being done, and we going in the strength of our God to bear wit­nes unto his name and truth before all sorts of people, being called thereunto, but by the Rulers thereof rejected, and we the messengers thereof evilly intreated, after so great a travel, and so long a passage, in stead of being entertained according to the Scriptures they profess, which saith, Be not forgetful to entertain strangers, which thing these who witnessed the power of godliness, and lived in it ever did, but they having a form, but deny and speak evill of the power thereof, [...]id heap false accusations upon us, and send us to prison, and that their wickedness might the more appear, and they themselves made manifest, gave order that none should visit us, which if these actions of their be to do as they would be done unto, and so fulfil the royal Law, let the wise in heart judge. Again, after a friv [...]lous exa­mination once and again, the greatest part thereof being touching the Trinity, unto which we answered according to the Scriptures, That the Father, Son, and Spirit we own, but a Trinity the Scripture speaks not of, and so the Father who then was with us, preserved us by his power, as in the hollow of his hand, so that they could not touch us, before whom the hearts of the people failed for fear, yea greatly was these Hypocrites surprized, the Magistrates and Priests being bent together against us, one of which was John Norton by name, their chief Priest, going about to prove the Scriptures to be the rule and guide of life, brought Rom. 106, 7, 8. but stayed not there, but turned to the 2 Pet. 1. 19. and being asked by us what that light [Page 9] was there spoken of, which shined in a dark place; he said, i [...] was the eternal VVord: And being asked what the dark place was, William Brend (having his hand on his breast) he said he thought it was under his hand; who said to him, Then thou means the heart; he answered, Yea; We asked whether the Eternal word was not a sufficient guide; He said, Yea: And being asked whe­ther it was his rule and guide; he said it was when he was guided aright: Then said some of the Magistrates, what difference is there between us and you if we [...]old the same thing? then the Go­vernor cryed out, he could not say so; and John Norton would have denyed what he had said, but some of the Magistrates affir­med he did say so; then was there a division among themselves, some affirming, and some contradicting; so they sent us to prison, and the day following called us forth again in publike, asking us questions to which we had answered the day before in private, which they had written down; and we called to them to have our answers read, but they refused so to do: Upon which, we refused to answer, seeing they lay in wait to insnare. We asked them what Law wee had broken, for which we had been imprisoned? The Governor said he would have us to take heed we broke none of their Ecclesiastical Laws, for it we did, we were sure to stretch by a halter; [mark Reader, what savour there is in their expressions] So they procee­ded to sentence us to banishment, which they grounded upon fals [...] accusations, ordering us to be sent to prison again, there to bee kept without Bail or Mainprise, untill such time as we be sent away to the place from whence we came in the ship that brought us; for which end they sent for Robert Lock before them, the Commander of that ship, and did require of him to carry us back again upon his own charge, and also to give in his bond to them to land us no where but in England; which he refusing, they forth­with cast him into prison, where he lay four dayes; and seeing he was likely to lose his voyage, entred into reason, and thereupon st [...] ­ped to their unrighteous yoke, and gave in bond so to do; then was he set at liberty, and we continued under their cruelty nigh eleven weeks, having these following Orders executed upon us, and was on the one and twentieth of the eighth month forced from prison a ship­board in a violent manner.

An Order to the Keeper of the Prison.

You are by vertue hereof, to keep the Quakers formerly [...]mmitted to your custody as dangerous persons, industrious to [...]prove all their abilites to seduce the people of this Iurisdiction both by words and letters to the abominable tenent of the Qua­kers, and to kéep them close prisoners, not suffering them to speak or confer with any person, not permitting them to have paper or ink.

The 18. of the 6 moneth, 1656.
Edward Rawson, Secretary;

An Order to the Goalor for to search as oft as he sees meet, the Boxes, Chests, and Things of the quakers formerly com­mitted to your custody, for pen, ink and paper, papers and books, and take them from them: This last being subscribed by

Iohn Indicot Governor, Richard Bellingham, de Governor.

Another to the Marshal-General Edward Michelson, or his De­puty.

You are by vertue of an Order of the Generall Court sitting at Boston the twentieth of October, 1656. required and hereby impowred, forthwith to impress a sufficient Boat with suffici­ent and convenient help, and take out of prison William Brend, John Copeland, Thomas Thi [...]ston▪ and Christopher Holder; Mary Prince, Sarah Gibbens, Mary Weatherhad, and Doro­thy Waugh, and carry them and deliver them aboard Mr. Lock's ship, now at Nantaschit, according to Order, and hereof not to fail.

By the Court. Edward Rawson, Secretary.

To the Marshal-General Edward Michelson or his Depury.

You are by vertue hereof, required to levy on the goods and chattels of William Brend and John Copeland, the value of 10. s. and deliver the same to William Salter, Kéeper of the Common Prison in Boston, in satisfaction of so much due to him for his fees, (by Order of Court in their commitment) to­gether [Page 11] with 2 s. for this Execution; whereof you are not to fail.

Edward Rawson, Secretary.

There was four of these copies, for every two one; by which they took our bedding, and sent us away without it, and also a Bible the Goalor took, although he said we denyed the Scrip­tures; yea, so great was his envy against us, as that he took a­way our candles, not suffering us to have light in the night-season, because (as he said) we should not see to write, to trou­ble the Magistrates and infect the people; whose cruel dealing and inhumane carriage towards us, was much more then what is here related, it being too tedious to mention; this being in short, the truth of what then passed betwixt us, and was acted upon us, which we in patience did suffer, committing our cause to him who judgeth righteously, who is at hand to give unto every man according to his deeds; the Truth of what is here related, we whose names are here before mentioned, are true witnesses of it; which if those that have been herein most deeply engaged against God and us his Servants, shall go about to gain­say, in the day wherein the righteous judgments of God shall be made manifest upon all unrighteousness of men, shall their mouths be stopt, when they come to receive a due recompence of reward for all unrighteousness, and inherit the wrath due unto them for resisting so great love of God, whose love is large, and long-suffering great, of which I am a Witness, glo­ry to the Lord God for ever, who of their blood is cleer if they perish, I having by the power of God stood a witness agains [...] their wickedness, by which power I was called out from a­mongst them, and sent unto them, who am a Servant of Chris [...], and a Sufferer for the Seeds sake which suffers amongst them, who shall wait in hope, believing it shall be delivered, and rai­sed up to the glory of the Father.

John Copeland.

Also Reader, Richard Smith who is before mentioned, who came in the ship with us, and they called our Proselite, did they commit [Page 12] to prison, who though he be an Inhabitant on Long-Iland in that land, and have wife and children there, although they did openly accuse us of uncleanness, (such is the vanity of their Religion, ha­ving their tongues unbridled, that to speak truth they have no de­light, plainly shewing that their Religion is a lye, and the god of this world the Father of it) in going m [...]n and women together, running away from our Parents, wives and children; yet so great was their fear, and their faith so weak, that they would not let him go to his through the Countrey, [for fear of infecting the people with our poysonous Doctrine, as they called it] but kept him a­bout three weeks in prison, untill there was an opportunity to send him away by water: In which time John Indicot Governor, said he was deluded, and therefore he would have him have some dis­course with three or four godly Ministers to convince him of his Error; so upon the first day of the week he asked the Goalor to go to their Meeting, the which he did, and having sate while the Priest had done, he spake and said, It was the saying of the Governor that I should have some discourse with some of the godly Ministers, [...]hat they might convict me of the error that he said I was i [...], saying that I was deluded; and said to them all, if there was any such as were godly that could convict him of any error that he held, he was ready there to hear; then the Governor said he did intend it should be in private; Richard Smith answered and said, it was his de­sire it should be in publike; and being inraged at him, they forth­with had him away to prison again, who after they sent away by water, as is before mentioned; Yet here ended not their malice, but as it is written, The wicked shall wax worse and worse, so they fulfilled it in proceeding to act further wick [...]dness upon an antient man whose gray hairs is honorable; but instead of honoring the hoary head, and rising up and giving place to him that is grave in yeers, according to the Scriptures they profess, they cast him into prison the same day that they forced the other away; and to please their God Mammon, whom they so duely served, sined him seve­ral pounds, as will appear by what here followes.

One Nicholas Upshall, an old man, an inhabitant of the town of Boston, who had long waited for the consolation of Israel, the appearance of which he could not finde among the profes­sion of New-England (though they cal themselvs by the name of [Page 13] of Christ) having been a member among them for many yeers, & had endeavoured out of his zeal to build a little Babel by them called the Church at the new meeting-house in Boston; but his first zeal not being according to true knowledge, as the second appeared unto him, That God was not worshipped in Tem­ples made with hands, godly indignation rising up in him a­gainst that Idol, he would not have left one stone upon another before half forty yeers was expired; for which the pillars up­on which the pinacle is built, whereupon Satan stands crying to Christ, Cast thy self downe, wee will not have thee to rule o­ver us, joyned together against him, to cast him out of Cove­nant, Court and Countrey, and sentenced him to banishment, as hereafter doth appear. This ancient man was much refresh­ed at the coming of these fo [...]ementioned people, finding in them that which he desired after, and was much troubled at the cruel actings of the Magistrates and people of Boston towards them; upon the same day the former were put forth of prison, they put him in, who having proclaimed a Law with the beating of a Drum against those people called quakers before the said Ni­cholas's door, he beeing much troubled in spirit with it, seeing their unrighteous dealing against the innocent, did bare wit­ness against their Law, for which he was sent for the next morn­ing unto the General Court, where he spake to them to this purpose, That the prosecution of that Law was the fore-run­ner of a Judgment upon the Countrey, and therefore in the tenderness and love which he bore to the people and countrey, did desire them to take heed what they did, lest they were found fighters against God; whose love they rejected, and committed him to prison, and fined him twenty pound, and ordered him to banishment within the space of one moneth, and that if hee should return, he should be kept close prisoner untill he did ac­knowledge his fault in declaring against their Law, which Law hereafter followeth; yet after four dayes was released: And a­gain shewed their inhumanity, to banish an ancient man of a­bout sixty yeers, from his wife and family in the time of winter, although for many yeers had been very sickly, of whom if the Lord had not been more tender then these unmerciful men, hee might have perished; and before the time was expired which [Page 14] they had appointed him for departing their Colony, they sent for him to another Court to reckon with him for not coming to their Meeting, for which according to their Law he was to pay five shillings for every first dayes missing; so they reckon­ed three pound more that he was to pay upon this account, by which it appears what it is they seek after, who will so soon take occasion to get money, the love of which Paul saith, is the root of all evill, which while some have coveted after, have erred from the Faith; which is truly fulfilled in New-England: When the time was neer expired, Nicholas went to Sandwitch in Ply­mouth-Patent, intending there to winter amongst some that were more readier to entertain the persecuted, then to perse­cute; but the Governor thereof, whose name was Bradford, being an envious man, hearing of his coming, sent a Warrant that none should entertain him; but his purpose not being ef­fected, he sent a second special Warrant to bring Nicholas to Plymouth; [it is worth observing] An Indian Prince, for so he appears by his speech, hearing of their dealing with this anci­ent, weak man, called them Wicked men, and said unto him Ne. tup, which is to say, Friend, if thou wilt live with me, J will make thee a good warm house; this he spake in his own language, preaching condemnation thereby to the English Christian, teaching them an example of compassion towards the persecu­ted, whom they of Boston had barbarously banished in the win­ter season, which are such in those parts, that several have peri­shed in travelling betvvixt tovvn and tovvn, yea vvhere they are not three miles distant, yet vvould not this vile man have this ancient man entertainad by any, issuing out his second Warrant to appear at Plymouth, vvhich is called tvventy miles distant from Sandvvitch: But Nicholas not being able to go, vvrote to the Governor, that if he perished his blood vvould be required at his hand; and some of the Magistrates beeing more moderate spirits, spake for him, that he might stay the Winter, so he was permitted: But in the Spring they banished him out of their Coasts to Road-Iland, the habitation of the hunted-Christ, vvhere none of the dumb doggs dare come so much as to lift their tongues for lucre: This vve are Witnesses of, vvho have been sent out of all their Coasts into that Iland, [Page 15] where we ever found a place to rest our heads when weary we have been, [God reward the Receiver!]

Again, in the yeer 1657. beginning in the sixth month, There being certain of the servants of God come for New-England; and being according to his providence cast upon a certain Iland lying betwixt the English and the Dutch, arrived in New-Am­sterdam, where the day following certain of the Strangers had drawings forth into the Town and Countrey to seek the scat­tered seed, two of which declared in the streets, to wit, Mary W [...]a [...]erhead and Dorothy Waugh, for which they were apprehen­ded and cast into miery dungeons apart each from other, where was much Vermine; the which two after they had been there about eight dayes, were had out thence, having their arms ty­ed, and rods made fast to them, and two Negroes going with them, untill they came at a Boat which was to go to Road-I­land▪ into which they was put and carried away.

Again, One Robert Hodgshone, a true and faithful servant of God, who hath sacrificed up himself, withall whatsoever was neer and deer unto him for the testimonies sake unto him com­mitted, was moved forth amongst the English in these parts, to make known unto them the Gospel of God, which by seve­ral of them in several parts thereabouts was gladly received and believed, against which the Heathen raged, and the people ima­gined mischievous things; he being at a place called Hemp­steed, expecting to have a Meeting amongst such as was seeking after God, being walking in an Orchard belonging to such as was willing to receive a meeting, there came unto him an Offi­cer, who laid violent hands upon him, and carryed him before one Gildersleaue titled a Magistrate, an English-man; who ta­king counsel at the baser sort of people, committed him priso­ner while he rode to the Dutch-Governor, it being in that Ju­risdiction who brought the Fiscal so called, with a guard of Musquetiers, who took him into their custody, vvho searched him and took avvay his knives, and papers, and Scripture-book, and pinioned him all the night and the next day, so that he had hardly liberty to refresh or rest himself any vvay; and they searched strictly for those that had entertained him, and laid hold on tvvo Women, the one having tvvo small children, the [Page 16] one of vvhich fed upon her brest, and got a cart, and convey­ed the vvoman avvay in it, and him they tyed to the hinder part of it pinioned, and so haled him through the vvoods in the night-season, vvhereby he vvas much torne and abused; so co­ming to the tovvn called Nevv-Amscerdam, they loosed the pri­soner, and the Goaler led him by the rope vvherevvithall hee vvas pinioned, unto the Dungeon vvhere he vvas cast, and com­mitted the women prisoners to another place, and there con­tinued them during their pleasure: At the time of their Court they caused the prisoner, to wit, Robert Hodg [...]hone, to be brought before them, and took his examination in writing, and com­mitted him to the Dun [...]eon again; afterwards they took him forth, and read an accusation against him in their owne lan­guage; the words that were interpreted to him by Captaine Willet were these: It is the Generalls pleasure, seeing you have behaved your selves thus, you are to work two yeers at a Wheel­barrow with a Negor, or pay or cause to be paid six hundred Gilders. Then Robert indeavoured to make his defence by way of sober reply, but was not suffered to speak, but taken away, and returned again to the Dungeon, and there kept, no English suffered to come at him for several dayes; then at their pleasure took they him out again, and pinioned him, and set his face to­wards the Court-Chamber, taking off his hat, and read another accusation against him in Dutch, which he understood not, but many of their own Nation who heard it shook their heads at it, and when they had done, cast him into the Dungeon again; after certain dayes took him forth betimes in a morning, and chained him to a Wheelbarrow, and commanded him to work; his answer was, He was never brought up nor used to that work; so they caused a [...]egor to take a pitch-rope nigh four inches a­bout, and beat him with it untill he fell downe, and they tooke him up again by strength, and beat him untill he fell downe a­gain the second time; it was judged that hee received an hun­dred blowes; then they forced him up with the Barrow to the Fort before the Governors house, and made complaint to him that they could not make him work; so hee stood chained to the Barrow, and nigh unto the middle of the day, the Sun shi­ning very hot, and hee beeing much bruised and swelled with [Page 14] blowes, beeing kept much from food also, was very faint, and sate down upon the ground; waiting with his minde staid upon the Lord, felt his strength and refreshment, as the oyl of glad­ness, which made him whole; but still by them kept chained at the Barrow untill the seventh hour in the night, then loosed and put into the Dungeon untill the morning about the sixth hour, then taken forth again, and lock't to the Barrow, with a guard set upon him that none might come so much as to speake with him; beeing kept there untill the seventh hour, (as be­fore) and brought forth the next day in like manner, and after­wards loosed, and carried before the Governor, who asked him if he would work; if not, he should be whipt every day: then he demanded what Law he had broken, and called for his accu­sers that he might know his transgression, and told him, That if he were called to that work by the Lord he should not refuse it; then thiy chained him to the Barrow again, and told him, that if he spake to any one he should be punished worse; yet his mouth was opened to such as came about him: then they seeing that he could not be silent, they put him up into the Dun­geon, and kept him close several dayes, two nights one day and an half without bread or water; then took him out very early in the morning to a private Chamber, and stripped him to the waste, and hung him up by the hands, and tyed a great logg to his feet, that he could not turn his body, and set a strong Ne­gor with rods, who laid many stripes upon him both backward and forward, wherewith he cut his flesh very much, and drew much blood upon him; then was hee loosed and put into the Dungeon, too bad a place for swine, being a stinking hole and full of Vermine, not suffering any to come and wash his stripes, and within two dayes took him forth again, and hung him up as before, the Goaler being very drunk forced another Negor to lay many more stripes upon him; and seeing no end of their cruelty, spake to the Fiscal to give him some time of considera­tion, and to suffer some English to come unto him, which vvas gra [...]ted: An English vvoman came unto him and vvashed his stripes, vvho seeing him brought so lovv of body, spake to her husband that she expected that he could not live untill the next morning; the vvords took such impression upon him, that he [Page 18] vvent to the Fiscall, and proffered him a fat Ox, if he vvould suffer him to come and be at his house until he vvas recovered; but the Governor vvould not, except the vvhole fine vvas paid; which many gladly vvould have done; but the prisoner could not consent to it: for vvithin three days that they had vvhip­ped him, he vvas made strong as ever, and free to labour, vvhich vvas a great torment to them, their ayme being altogether to get money; And a great trouble to many both Dutch and English, that he could not consent for them to pay the Fine, but choosed rather to vvork then to be burthensome to any, such vvas his innocency; neither could he eat the Governors bread except he did vvork for it, although little besides vvas suffered to be brought to him; tender people vvere troubled at the courseness of his food, it being such as vvherevvithall they fed their Slaves; but he choosed rather from a contented minde so to do, seeing he vvrought for it, then to be burthen­some or troublesome to any [...]ort of people vvhatsoever; for his ovvn labour in the Lord vvould have afforded him food suffici­cient, but he could not suffer it, seeing the Dutch lying in vvait daily against the English that lives under them hovv▪ they might insnare them, they being kept in great bondage and servitude by them, as hereafter you vvill further understand; this being the substance taken out of his ovvn true relation given under his hand,

Robert Hodgshone,

Reader, There being an intire neerness betwixt the fore-menti­oned sufferer & me, for whose innocency sake I cannot hold my peace, we having been partakers of the spirit of life and love together se­veral dayes and yeers, and baptized we have been into many tryals, which hath caused us for the comfort of each other to communicate what might administer strength unto us; And I perceiving that ma­ny have scrupled at this my brothers working, I shall impart unto thee what grounds he gave me for it, when by the Fathers will we were brought together again in the strange Land; the which thing I dare say he did in as much innocency (in his measure) as Paul did in consenting to be let down the wall in a basket, or the spies flying from the Harlots house upon the wall; for when he called unto them for a time of consideration, in which he committed himself for coun­sel wholly to the Lord God, he told me that the Word came unto him, [Page 19] Work, thou shalt know more of my minde then ever thou hast done, and this is according unto what he formerly said unto the Governour, that if the Lord called him to work he should not deny it; here was the Lords call, and his servants answer, for which I am sure he lost not his reward, nor I m [...]ne, in lending my shoulder, for Moses to lean upon, when I saw that raging enemie Amalek rising up against him, who was delivered out of their hands, with h [...]nour, contrary to their expectation, not paying them one penny, nor none for him; but for his faithful suffering in this sad condition for several week:, the Lord alone wrought his deliverance,

H. Norton.

Part of the Relation given in by such English as are grievously oppressed under the Dutch government in New-Holland: A Declaration to all the World of the persecuting spirit, how it hath manifested it self in these parts of America, against the people in scorn by the wicked called Quakers, (as is wel known to hundreds, of their savage and unheard of cruelty to Robert Hodgshone, which I doubt not but you will have a true Rela­tion of, besides prisoning and banishing others which came out of England, besides the Inhabitants that were honest, and could not conform to the times unjustly to please men, who were hardly dealt withall by the Dutch, because they enter­tained these people called Quakers:

There being many English amongst us, who fled away from under the persecuting spirit bearing Rule in the United Colonies in New-England, the Author himself being an eye-witness of it, unto whom the Dutch Governour said, speaking against Liberty of Conscience, in the hearing of John Townsend, Richard and others, That the liberty of his Brother Henries Conscience was in his breast, and with­all struck his hand on it, this was on the eleventh day of the seventh month, as saith the Author: Also the said Governour sent forth to prohibite any for entertaining Quakers on the penaltie of fifty pounds sterling, for every transgression, although it were but one person one night, and for the incouragement of base spirits to inform, they were to have a third part, and to be concealed, notwithstanding many of us did entertain them willingly, suffered them to speak in our houses, for which some were imprisoned, and some fined, as John Tilton, Joan Chatterton, and Henry Townsend, judged by the Governor to pay 500 gilders, cast into prison, and threatned to depart that jurisdiction, [Page 8] about the 7. of the 6. month (1658) with Tobias Feak and Edward Hart, who were Englishmen and Officers in a town called Flushing in the new Netherlands on Long Island, because they could not prosecute the Dutch governors Order against the Quakers in that Town; there Consciences ingaging them otherways which they certified by signing a letter to the foresaid Governour giving him grounds sufficiently for what they did, were kept in prison according to their wills in a wick­ed and cruel manner? Again, the foresaid Henry Townsend being called before the Governour and Court, they demanded of him if he would pay the Money, who answered that his person and estate was under their hands they might take it if they would, but he would not pay it them; then might he speak no more, but forthwith cast into prison, because he could not consent to the giving away of his estate unjustly; although it were in the middle of the eleventh month (1657) (a cold time of the yeer) on the ninth day of his imprisonment, he was moved to write to the Governour and Fiscal, that he could not pay the money upon that account, although he l [...]y in an irksome prison, and of a weakly constitution and sickly, besides the cry of his wife and small children, yet did he prohibit her and his friends from giving them any thing being fearful to wrong a tender Conscience, but the time of the year being so cold, that his wife and friends was in fear that he should have perished there, besides the necessity of his being at home, which thing lay v [...]ry sad upon her, so that she with his Friends [...]ok a pair of Oxen, and a Horse al [...]hough he had no more, and gave them to the persecuters to free him ont of their hands. Much more of their cruelty I might truly relate, but for being tedious to the Reader; this is truth as attests T. H.

More of their names we see in wisdome not meet to publish in Print, because of the crueltie of the Dutch, but rather keep them hid; But if any in Authority in England should call us to question for it, who out of bowels of mercy would labour to relieve their im­bond aged brethren. I the Relator, with several others, who are Wit­nesses of this thing to be truth, shall count it a sma [...]l matter to con­firm it for their redemption who were Labourers amongst them in the Lord, Called,

Robert Hodgshone, Humphrey Norton.

THE ACCOUNT OF Cruelty, the Professor's Pride, and the Articles of their Faith; WITH Their Proceedings beginning in the sixth month of the yeer, 1657.

AFter our landing at Road-Iland according to the will of God, where we were gladly recei­ved, when others inhumanely thrust us avvay from them, as may be seen in vvhat here fol­lovvs.

We tvvo, Christopher Holder and Iohn Cope­land, vvas moved of the Lord to go to an Iland called Mar­tins Vineyard, vvhereof Thomas Maho vvas then Governor, in vvhich place is many Indians, and coming there on the sixteenth of the sixth moneth 1657 vve vvent to their Meet­ing, and after the Priest Thomas Maho (the Governor's son) had done his speech, one of us spake a fevv vvords, and then vvas both of us by he Constable thrust out of doores, and forthvvith the doors vvere shut; yet going thither on the [Page 22] later part of that day, after some dispute with them we de­parted; but on the morrow the Governour with the Consta­ble came to us, who after some words with us, required us to be gone off the Illand; our answer was, in the will of God we stood to go as he made our way for us, but he being not satis­fied with this Answer, hired an Indian to have us away, saying, that it was the will of God that we should go to day, and re­quired mon [...]y of us to pay the Indian for carrying us, but we seeing little of our going that day, did say that we could not pay the Indian, forasmuch as we did not hire him, nor set him on work; then he commanded the Constable to search for our money; who accordingly did and took from us nine shillings, which vvhen they had so done, delivered us into the hands of the Indians to have us away over the water in the main Land, (in one of their Cannons vvhich is a piece of a tree [...]ewed hol­low) vvho forthwith had us away from them, where we remain­ed among the Indians three days, till there was a calm season to have us over the Sea vvhich vvas about nine miles (a great Sea for such a small Vessel) all vvhich time vve received no small love from the Indians, the like we could not receive from the ENGLISH for what we eat we could not perswade him whom we were withall to take money for it, he saying that vve vvas strangers, and Jehovah taught him to love strangers: So on the 20 of the sixt moneth 1657. vve vvere landed on the other side: and coming to Sandwitch a tovvn in Plymouth Colony vve vvere gladly received by many; yet great vvas the stir, and noise of the tumultuous Citie, yea all in an uproar, hearing that vve vvho vvere called by such a name as Quakers vvas come into those parts: A great fire vvas kindled, & the hearts of many did burn within them, so that in the heat thereof, some said one thing, and some another; but the most Part knew not what was the matter; yea so it is in truth, our God went before us, whose presence, was and is vvith us, com­passing of us, vvhose dread took hold of them▪ so that their hearts failed them for fear of those things which vvas com­ing upon them: So after vve had been at San [...]witch, some small time, vve passed to New Plymouth, and being at the Ordinary there, Thomas Southworth one of their Magistrates of that Town, with several of their Church-members came to [Page 23] us, who after a long dispute required us to be gone, and on the morrow early was the under Marshal set to keep us from going away, into whose hands we were committed Prisoners by Tho­mas Southworth, before whom with one John Alden a Magistrate in the next Town was we called the same day, who after exa­mination, from whence we were, and why we came thither? and such like questions, which were answered, and they having nothing in justice against us, yet required they of us to be gone out of their Colony, telling us, they had an Order or Law that we should not stay there; we required to see it, but they would not shew it us, telling us that we were at liberty, so we re­turned unto the Ordinary again; yet in the morning early was the Constable sent by word of mouth from them to keep us from going to Sandwich▪ unto which place we told them the day before, we could not [...]e free to pass out of the Colo [...]y till we had been there, finding the Lords drawings; so thither again, as we were passing the Constable seized on us, and had us out of the bounds of Plimouth Town, towards Road Island six miles as he was commanded, who leaving us, we soon turned to the place before mentioned, whither we came▪ some of the people being set against us; especially the Teachers made an unrigh­teous complaint to the Governour Thomas Prince by Name, whose ear being open to the wicked (but stopt to the cry of the just as may hereafter appear, by adding iniquity to op­pression) did cause us to be brought before him, who sinding nothing against us, yet for being only called Quakers, did re­quire us to depart, the which thing standing in the will of God we could not do, and so did answer him; then he to answer the unrighteous complaints made against us, and false charges, as deceivers, &c. whose great cry was, Help O Governour, help us against these Quakers, that are now come amongst us, and secure them and send them away from us; in answering to which cry he was not sparing to use his power, by setting his hand to write an unjust Warrant, accompanied with lyes, cal­ling us extravagant persons and vagabonds, giving charge to apprehend us in the Name of his Highness the Lord Protector, (whose name they labour to defame, as upon due consideration will be found and plainly seen by what follows) and bring us to Plymouth, which accordingly was done, and we apprehended [Page 24] and kept Prisoners by the Constables Deputie; who being de­manded a copie of the Warrant, a friend that stood by said it was a usual thing to give a Copie of it, if required, was after­ward for so saying fined 10 shillings; when to Plymouth we were brought, where was then sitting the Magistrates hereaf­ [...]er named, we standing before them, the power of the Lord being over them, they said little to us, only told us of a Law that they had whereby we were not to stay in their Colony; we required to see it, th [...]y answered, it was sufficient that they said it, and would not shew it to us; so after saying that they did beleeve that we did not know that they had such a law, yet required us to depart, the which thing we could not do; they proceeded to sentence us, threatning of us if we came again, they would exercise the Law on us which is for Vagabonds: So they still kept us Prisoners committing us into the Constables hand, and wrote a Warrant, a true Copie is as followeth:

New Plymouth to the under-Marshal of the Jurisdiction of Plymouth afore said.

Whereas there hath been two extravagant persons profess­ing themselves to be Quakers at the Town of Plymouth, who according to order may not be permitted to abide within the liberty of our jurisdiction. These are therefore in the Name of his Highness the Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ire­land, to will and command yon forth [...]ith on Receit hereof, to son [...]oy the said persons, v. z. Chistopher Holder and John Cope­land, unto the utmost bounds of our Iuris [...]iction: Whereof fail not at your peril:

  • Thomas Prince Governour.
  • John Alden.
  • Josiah Winslow.
  • Thomas Southworth.

The which Warrant was put in Execution by the under Mar­shal on us, who did have us out of the Jurisdiction vvhich vvas fifty miles to Road Island, so he left us on the second of the se­venth moneth, 1657. vve then going to it, and that none may question the truth which is here in short related, we shall be rea­dy to confirm it, who are true Witnesses of it, whose Names are here subscribed,

Christopher Holder, John Copeland.

[Page 25]Thus by what is here mentioned may plainly be seen how unchristian like we were entertained this being the truth of the dealing we have met with from a professing people, (who once was persecuted, but now are turned persecutors) per­secuting us for this cause only for seeking out and visiting the seed of God, according to the will of our heavenly Father, which is our delight so to doe, who alone is our peace and strength for ever.

Again, Humphrey Norton a servant of God being by him moved to go and visit his seed, in the aforementioned Patent of Plymouth, and also had drawings to their Colony Court, but before their sitting was apprehended with a lying Warrant, such as the same Governour used unto the rest, calling us extra­vagant persons, which after being brought prisoner to their Colony Town called Plymouth, and kept several days Prisoner without Mittimus: Or any other thing in that nature delivered unto him, he seeing that their intent was to continue him in tha [...] kinde; until their Country and Court had been reduced, and he dealt withal underhand, sent unto the Governour and Ma­gistrates after this manner: Seeing you have apprehended me publikely as an evil doer, and hath continued me contrary to Law, Equity; and good Conscience. I require of you a pub­like examination, and if found guilty, publikely punished, if not, cleared: Which forthwith was done, and he brought be­fore them, and after a certain space in Examination and Rea­soning, their Magistrates at that time being many of them mo­derate, which since some hath withdrawn, and others hardned, as hereafter you will further understand; but their Governor (to wit) Thomas Prince▪ like unto a mad Dog, ready to bite at every one that crosseth his way, told me, that I could not prove by Scripture that that light which lighteth every one was suf­ficient to salvation, and with all his strength strove to carry it; so to manifest his blindness, and to satisfie the simple, shew­ed him in express words, That the grace of God that bringeth sal­vation had appeared unto all men▪ and Christ said, his grace is suf­ficient, this little grain at that time stopt the Lions mouth▪ which when he could finde no transgression against him, caused him to be turned forth, and after short space called in again▪ [Page 26] and sentenced him to banishment, in the like manner, and by the same man that they did the two before mention­ed, C. H. and [...]. [...]. he having laid it to the conscience of Thomas Prince, whether it were to do as he would be done unto, yea or nay; to give unto a stranger whose face he never saw, the name of an extravagant person, and put the proof up­on him, and asked him if he were not once a stranger in that land himself, and how he would have taken it, if one had told him that he had been an extravagant person; so after his departure, they invented several lyes against him, and entred them upon their lying Record, as hereafter you will further understand.

At that same time and against that same Court, it being about the beginning of the eighth Moneth (57) summoned they Ralph Allin, with William Newland, (Inhabitants in Sandwitch) men fearing God, and of a good report, to appear at Plymouth, to serve on a Jury, (which was 20 miles distant from them) and not being unwilling to find cause of crime against Ralph Allin, they summoned him to serve on the high and petty Juries at one and the self same time; so that hereafter you will with me find out the end of this Enmity; such was their Innocen­cy, that in obedience to their Order they went, and manifest­ed their willingness to serve their Countrey, so that they might do it without swearing, (which for conscience sake they could not) but the Governour would not, except they would swear, and break the doctrine of Christ, which they refusing was dis­missed, after requiring them further to attend the Court; for this se [...] how this unrighteous Ruler served them; I cannot compare it better then like unto a malicious Dame calling in her Dog, he having done then no harm, concludes it is to din­ner, but having not formerly done her will, forthwith takes him and hangs him; or at least delivers him up to one ap­pointed to that end. For they being called again the second time, were accused for keeping disorderly meetings in their houses, which was not mentioned unto them at first, although thereunto none but their neighbours and Friends did repair to wait upon God, saving such as they sent to disturbe them, who had also threatned them with Fines, both persons and [Page 27] places where so they did, as hereafter you will further under­stand, for which these men were there fined and required to finde Sureties for the good behaviour, (upon the penalty of 80 l.) for six months, which they refusing, it being a thing tending to the worship of God, and the wronging of their consciences, and granted in the Instrument of Government, (a priviledg of great price, and higher value then to be parted from upon such base terms) yea such was the Nobilitie of those two men, that they chose rather to suffer then to be scared, or [...]ived of it; for which they were committed to the chief Marshal, where they were continued, betwixt 20 and 30 miles from their wives and small children, they having many, with relations and occasions, and upon great charge and expence, they being sentenced by the Governour, to pay five shillings at their commitment, and five shillings at their releasement, and five shillings every day whilst they were there continued, which was until the first Month (58) and longer by his Order; before the middle of which time, they were proffered by the Magistrates, if they would neither receive nor hear the Quakers (as they call them) they should be forthwith released, which they not entring into Covenant to the denial of Christ and his Messengers, were continued near five months prisoners, the fine also they levied, taking from William Newland one heifer, valued by them at 27 shillings, but was better then thirtie shillings, the other having been wickedly fined formerly, and overplus taken, which they detained; therefore judge ye, if they intended these men for Jury men. Reader thou mayest understand, that their Marshal was a moderate man, and find­ing in his prisoners the like, referred himself unto them, they having testified against the Governors Order, yet satisfied they him according to content, being neither free nor willing, to eat his bread for nothing.

Again in the eleventh month (57) two of the persecuted people, called William Brend, and John Copeland, coming to a Plantation (in the aforesaid Patent) called Scituate, being re­ceived there by one Iames Cudworth, who was then one of their Magistrats, and also one of their Captains, but he being one then that could not persecute, they quickly put him out [Page 28] of place, which whilest they were there in the Winter season, there came one with a Warrant (which he had [...]etched several miles in a cold night) from [...]siah Winslow, so had envie filled their hearts, that he with others haled them forth of the house, and with them a woman-Friend Sarah Gibbins by name, not regarding the season, although there was then two Magistrates in the Town, the one of which was a grave, old, sober man, and of a tender conscience, called Timothy Hatherly, who when he saw it, said that Master Envie had procured that, and ga [...] another unto the Strangers by way of protection, and delive [...] ­ed them at that time out of the hands of the wicked, and kept himself also from innocent blood, which Order followeth in this manner:

These are therefore to any that may interrupt these two men in their passage, that you let them pass quietly on their way, they offering no wrong to any:

Timothy Hatherly.

This same old man after the signing of a Warrant for the commitment of William Newland, and Ralph Allin, (which I am satisfied he would not have done, but that their Governour being a wretched man overpoured him) vvas taken sick, and as I am informed nigh unto death in vvhich time he did declare, That there was nothing that lay so hard upon his spirit that ever he had done as that did, and were it to do again, said it should not by him be done, which manifestly since hath made it appear, having deserted their Court, and also seeing their pro­ceedings so corrupt and cruel, to sit, although they besought it of him (as I am informed) yet these two before mentioned, notwithstanding his endeavouring to protect them, and there­indeavouring to make their way accordingly, coming through the town of Plymouth, were pursued by a Magistrate Thomas Southworth by name, who caused them to be apprehended by an Officer, and brought them unto such a sort of Examination as is usuall with them, and were sentenced by them to be se­verely whipped, because they could not promise to depart their Colony within forty eight hours, although they denied it not, but the promise was contrary to their consciences, having com­mitted themselves wholly to the disposing of their Father, and their will and time being in his hand; also to leave their adver­saries [Page 29] without excuse, they pleaded the Protectors (so cal­led) Instrument of Government; but that was of no value with them, but altogether slighted, and bid them look to their sentence, which was both of them to be whipt; Wlliam Brend for saying unto one of thém who accused them for being false prophets, told him he lyed; and the other for signing a Paper wherein it was said, John Aldens head shook, and his knees trembled; they having nothing against them, took these occasions, although for the first, nor yet the second would they produce any Law that was transgress'd, neither the paper wherein it was so said; yet in the Winter-season did they strip them both, William Brend being a man of great years, yet not regarded, (yea, true it is, that the unjust knows no shame) but caused him to be whipt with ten stripes, and the other with twenty two, backward and forward, draw­ing blood off of breasts and arms, at which one Edward Per­ry (an Inhabitant of the Collony) could not but testifie a­gainst their cruelty, for vvhich one of the Magistrates called him their fool. Again, the said Magistrate that caused Willi­am Brend to be vvhipt for saying, Thou lyest, being charged by him to seek after our blood, said to William, Thou lyest; vvhereupon John Copeland laid it before them, Whether by the Lavv of Equity (for so saying) he deserved not the same thing? But Equity cannot enter vvhere Truth is not in place; yea, of both the eye and ear of Equity, they are blind and deaf, yea, even so deaf as those vvho vvill not hear.

Thus Reader thou may see hovv far the Account of Cru­elty is given, this being a true Relation, though far short of vvhat they have done, as you vvill see by their Lavv, and vvhat hereafter follovvs; such is their impudency, that in­stead of being ashamed for vvhat they have done, they have follovved their elder Sister Boston in her Abominations, and made a lavv vvhereby they rob vvith violence, and shed the blood of the innocnet.

This is a Copy of their Lavv made at Plymouth, in the first Month, 1658.

Whereas there hath been several persons come into this Go­vernment, [Page 30] commonly called Quakers, whose Doctrines & Practices manifestly tend to the subverting of y Fundamentals of Christi­an Religion, Church-Oroer, and y civil Peace of this Govern­ment, as appears by the Testimonies given in several Depositi­ons, and otherwise; It is enacted by this Court and the Authori­ty thereof, That no Quakers, nor persons commonly so called, be entertained by any person or persons within this Government under the penalty of five pounds for every such Default, or be whipt; and in case any one should entertain any of those persons ignorantly, i [...] he testifie on his Oath that he knew them not to be such, he shall be frée of the aforesaid Penalty; provided that he upon his first discovering them [...]o be such, do discover them to the Constable or his Deputy.

It is also enacted by the Conrt and the Authority thereof, That if any Ranter or Quaker, or any person commonly so called, shall come into any Township within this Government, and by any person or persons be known or suspected to be such a one, the persons so knowing or suspecting him, shall forthwith ac­quaint the Constable or his Deputy on pain of Presentment, and so lyable to censure in Court, who forthwith shall diligently endeavour to apprehend them, and command them to depart out of the Township and this Government: And in case any such person delay or refuse to depart, then the said Constable or De­puty shall apprehend them or him, and bring him or them before the Magistrate in their Township, if there be any; & where there is none, to the select men appointed by the Court for that purpose, who shall cause him or them to be whipt by the Constable or his Deputy, or pay five pounds, and then conveyed out of the town­ship; and the same course to be taken with every of them as of­ten as any of them transgress this Order; in case of extremity for harbour or Food, the Constable or his Deputy shall relieve them for their Money; Provided they suffer not any person or persons to resort unto them whilest they are under their Cu­stody.

And forasmuch as the Meeting of such persons (whethe [...] strangers or others) proveth to the destructiug of the Peace of this Government, it is therefore enacted by this Court, and the Authority thereof, That henceforth no such Méeting be assem­bled [Page 31] or kept by any person in any place within this Government, under the penalty of 40. s. a time for every Speaker, and 10. s. a time for every hearer, and 40. s. a time for the owner of the place that permits them so to meet together; and if they meet to­gether at the Silent (so called) then every person so meeting to­gether, shall pay 10. s. a time, and the owner of the place shall pay 40. s. a time.

Forasmuch as it was ordered at June-Court last, that all such as were house-keepers, or at their own dispose, that were not fréemen, and have not taken the Oath of Fidelity to this Government, should take the said Oath by the time then prefix­ed or to be fixed to the Collonies use the sum of five pounds; And whereas divers persons notwithstanding all patience and long forbearance, refuse to take the said Oath, and yet make their residence amongst us, it is therefore enacted by the Court, That every such person or persons shall every General Court be sum­moned to make their appearance thereat, during the time of their abode in this Government; and if any such p [...]rson or persons shall refuse to take the said Oath, shall be fined the sum of 5. l. to the Collonies use. Whereas the multitude of Free-men is but small, and the Inhabitants of the Townships many more, who have equal Ʋotes with the Freemen in the choice of Depu­ties, who being the Body of the Freemen representative, together with the Magistrates, have equal Ʋotes for the enacting of Laws, who by weakness, prejudice, or otherways, it hath or may come to pass, that very unfit or unworthy persons may be chosen, that cannot answer the Courts Trust in such place; It is therefore or­dered, That at such Coures as Magistrates and Deputies are to act in making Laws, and being assembled, the Court in the first place take notice of their Members, and if they find any unfit for s [...]ch a Trust, that they and the reason thereof, be returned to the Town from whence they were sent, that they may make choice of more able persons to send in the stead, as the time will permit.

Whereas it hath been an ancient and wholesome Order, bear­ing da [...]e, &c. That no person coming from of her parts, be allow­ed an Inhabitant of the Iurisdiction but by the Approbation of the Governor or two of the Magistrates at the least, and that [Page 32] many persons contrary to this Order of Court crept into some Towns [...]ips, which are, & may be a great disturbance to our more peaceable proceedings; Be it enacted, That if any such person or persons shall be found, that hath not, doth not, nor will not ap­ply and approve themselves so as to procure the approbation of the Governor and two of the Assistants, that such be enquired after, and if any such person shall be found, that either they de­part the Government, or else that the Court take some such cou [...]se therein as shall be thought meet.

It is enacted by the Court, That henceforth no publike Meet­ing shall be set up, but such as the Court shall approve of.

This Law is crusht and broken, and instead of it they have made another new babble.

Reply; Reader, to answer the body of their Rabble, I shall not, but so much as I do answer, it shall be according to truth, if God permit.

Whereas they say, That the Doctrines and Practices of the Quakers, tends to the subversion of Christian Religion, Church-Order, peace of the Government, as appears by the testimonies gi­ven in several depositions.

I answer; Reader, Judge thou with that of God in thee, what fundamentals of Religion, Church-order and Govern­ment theirs are, seeing that against ours the gates of hell cannot prevail, our Religion, Church, and Order, being all setled and established upon the same, without persecution, bloodshed, or false Oaths, which they term Depositions.

And seeing that out of disdain they rank us with the Ran­ters, whose lives leads to the same loathsomness as doth their own; I shall onely turn the term upon their heads, and leave it.

Again, examine thy self if ever thou heard a company which called themselves a Court, who by one consent ap­pointed select men to see the innocent whipt, (which is no other then select Whippers) I appeal to that of God in eve­ry man, if ever they heard the like appointment made against dogs, or any other creature which is far below man.

[Page 33] Their second part of this I commit to the consideration of Richard Cromwel and his Council, whether this Law of theirs, or his Instrument of Government, must have the pre­heminence; and whether it stands not upon him either to ovvn or disovvn such Laws so bound up with such forfeitures, & (as they say) is done in his Name, which if his Name vvere Christs Co [...]t, he could not, nor vvould not suffer it to be so rent. In their 3. part, vvhere they speak of such as have not ta­ken their Oath of Fidelity, (as they call it) I remember when I vvas before them, they put it upon me to ansvver, Whether the Scriptures vvere uot the Rule of Life, and ground of Faith; My ansvver vvas, Nay; neither can you prove it by the Scriptures, to be either the Rule of life, or ground of faith: The Governor brought that Scripture, They are able to make wise unto salvation, through faith in Christ Jesus; from whence it was made appear in the presence of that people, That Jesus was both the Author and Finisher of Faith, and Rule and Guide of life, which made a flut in the House. Af­tervvards the Governor proffered me (in words) their Oath of Fidelity, the which I put upon him to prove by Scripture that ever he heard of such an Oath, and so it was left. And vvhereas they speak of divers persons residing amongst them, not having taken the oath, &c. All those persons (to the best of my knowledge) (who have been often amongst them) is this forementioned Ralph Allin, vvhose Father (so far as I know) dyed in that Township, vvhere this his eldest Son, vvith six Brethren and Sisters, all, or most of them have continued in the same Town and Collony above twenty years, their Father and they being both of good report, yet have they endeavoured to banish, ruinate and undo him, vvho hath at least eight, nine, or ten children, and all this for rising up, and cannot lye at the feet of their god Mammon.

Their fourth part also, I shall leave to the consciences of the Rulers therein concerned, to take notice how they labour to cast the innocent (who are engrafted into Christ) out of Court and Countrey; finding Jesus such an Instrument of Justice, and such an Enemy to Hell, and the Powers therof, the Devil doth what he can that he may not have the oversight of his [Page 34] proceedings, therefore saith he (being assembled in the first place) Take notice of the Members, &c.

Again, their fift part also I commit to the same considera­tion, what an ancient and wholesome pill it is, bearing date neither from time nor place, so that its rise is neither from beginning nor end, and its intent is accordingly, vvho will not suffer a forreigner to have a rest in their borders, neither place in House, Court, nor Countrey, vvithout the consent of such as in their Act is mentioned, the whole World lying in Wickedness, the Devil being god and guide therein, the Rulers are bent that the ends thereof shall never be redeem­ed to become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; therefore do they establish such ancient Antidotes as this, which they have digged out of the bottomless pit, for which they are ashamed to bring their black proof. These several persons again herein mentioned, is this same Ralph Allin, whom for several years they have envied, and maliciously used, having renewed this last year against him this Antidote, thinking thereby to cover their malice and wickedness, for which God will plague them; if there be any more, it is such as are one with him, who cannot bow their knee to Baal; You may also understand by their last clause, that it is one with all the rest, that no place, nor peace, nor comfort, union nor society, must the people of God have under their Govern­ment, it being altogether against God & Christ, true Church and its order, life, power and spirit. This Testimony have I sealed amongst them with my blood, and God is my record at this day, it is true therefore as the Wicked make void the Law of the Righteous, even so doth the righteous make void the Law of the Wicked, and reconciliation betwixt them there cannot be, saith

H. N.

Again, here follows the practice and exercise of this Law, with the Parties and Causes which suffered under it; if this Law had had so much as the shew of good things to come, they had put an end to it before its beginning; for before this they had left sacrifcing Goats and Calves, and offered up two poor sheep in sacrifice upon their Altar-Stocks, (to wit) [Page 35] William Brend, and John Copeland, as by what is written before you may understand.

The Sufferings of Humphrey Norton, and John Rous, at their June-Court, 1658.

I Humphrey Norton being in Road-Island, certain dayes af­ter my sufferings at New-Haven, the Lord God did accompa­ny me with this cry two dayes together, or more, Bonds a­bides thee, Bonds abides thee, and presented before me Plymouth Patent, and their Court, which according to his Will, and in obedience to his Spirit I went (with my beloved Brother, John Rous) into that Patent; and seeing and hearing of the sufferings inflicted upon the people of God inhabiting there, with the wrongs, sufferings and abuses sustained by me and others of the servants of God, I drew up these particulars following, and sent them before me to the Governor and o­ther of his Assistants the day before, that so they might not be unacquainted with the matter; which when I came there (according to the Will of God as he had shewed me) I was taken up in the street and cast into Bonds, according to the malice of the Devil; And when I came before them with my yokefellow John Rous; they asked us upon what grounds we came into their Collony, and would neither acknowledge nor deny the receiving of my grounds, neither would they receive them from me, and cause them to be read, nor suffer me to read them, but sent us back to prison without Mitti­mus, (as they call it) Bill of Charge, or Copy of their Law; no Justice could we have from them (no more then two sheep that is to be judged by a company of Wolves) but we have learned to bear it with patience, knowing that our fore-run­ner was so dealt with before us by the same generation; and having pass [...]d their unjust Sentence on us according to their Wills, they brought us to the Stocks, where after prayer and saluting each other in publick, the people gave reverence with astonishment; the Executioner coming to put off our Clothes, was bid to have patience, and he should see that we could give our backs to the smiter, which being done, he [Page 36] laid upon us thirty eight stripes, being told by the standers by: After this was done (saluting the life which appeared in the least measure in any) we returned in the glory of true suffer­ers, kept far from transgression, but in truth, for not depart­ing out of their Colony when their Constable (so called) commanded us, having the grounds here following to make good.

1. I who am called and chosen of God to bear the Testi­mony of Jesus (the Word of God) against all unrighteous­ness and oppression in all sorts of people whatsoever, ha­ving formerly been in this Colony, and before your Court held at Plymouth, and being cleared (so far as I remember) without the least clause of the transgression of any Law of God whatsoever, laid to my Charge, the which I charged upon you after my Tryal, by vvay of false Imprisonment, and required thereupon to know who might discharge the house vvhereunto I was confined; the answer was made (as I remember) by John Alden Magistrate, after asking me if I had Silver, told me it should be left to my freedom whether I vvould do it, or leave it unto them; since which time (and in my absence) I am informed that I am recorded in your Court Book for being convicted of several Errors, and at that time neither the Convictions nor the Convictors mentioned to me, as the grounds before mentioned makes manifest.

2. Again I am informed that it is given and received in upon Oath against me, That I have held forth, and therewith stand charged in your Court-Book for some unsound and untrue Doctrines.

3. I require it of you, that such as hath given Oath against me, with all such as were eye and ear-witnesses, by whom these things were spoken, may appear before me and you, face to face.

4. I am unsatisfied touching the sufferings sustained by Wil­liam Brend and John Copeland.

5. The injustice and unparalled means used against us the said people for the depriving and disappointing of our peace­able meeting together to wait upon God in the way of his Worship, according to the life and practice of the Saints and [Page 37] holy men of God declared of, and holden forth in Scripture.

6. The Impositions of Fines, Taxes and Oppressions laid upon the people of God in these parts.

7. To know the ground of your late Laws whereby you do these things against them and us; and to hear it made forth how any that fears God, and professes him in the least measure, can be bound by Oath or otherwise, to execute or prosecute the said Laws with a safe conscience.

8. Whether you will not grant unto us who are by the scorners called Quakers, and all other free-born English men, the liberty and exercise of a pure conscience, (Proviso) That this Liberty do not extend to liscentiousness in the least mea­sure.

9. Whether it doth not stand good in Equity and Justice, That such as will have such a Ministry as must be upholden by Tythes, or Hire, or Gifts, or Rewards, and saith it is their conscience to have such, Whether they onely ought not to uphold them? And seeing you have, and may have this li­berty, Whether you will not grant that such as have a Mini­stry freely received from the Lord, and for his sake freely gives it, ought not in conscience, and are not to have their liberty? And whether all such as are the children of God, and are taught of God, and needs not that any man teach them, (according to the Scriptures, Matth. 10. 8. 1 Iohn 2. 27. 3 Iohn 7. 8.) ought to be debarred from this Teacher, and for­ced contrary to their consciences to uphold another, seeing it is written, They that help, and he that is holpen, shall both per­ish together? Therefore had not people need to take heed what they do?

10. I require of you the true ground and cause why Willi­am Newland, with Ralph Allin, was retained and kept prison­ers from their Families, they being both very great, having many small children, with Relations and occasions, from the eight Month, 1657. until the first Month, 1658. putting them thereby to great loss in expence, beside all other losses and damages which did thereby ensue.

11. By what Law Edward Perry's Goods, with Peter Gants and others, were forced from them, without making restitu­tion [Page 38] or account of them to the owners in the least? And whe­ther these things must be continued without regulating, this knowing, that for these things, and all such, you must and ought to give an account? For deeds done in corners must no longer be hid, but must be preached upon the house top to the shame and condemnation of him and them that acts it.

12. Whether you acknowledge it to be just, and done by your order, the taking away of Arthur Hewlands Iron Fur­niture belonging to his Draught, to the quite disabling and disappointing him of the use of the same, to his loss and da­mage? And whether these things so continued will not by probability be the ruinating and destroying of Families, and the undoing of the Common-Wealth.

13. Again, William Allin, Thomas Greenfeild, Peter Gant, with others, have their Goods lately distrained, and part forced from one or more of them, without their transgressi­on of any Law of God; and whether these things you intend to continue and tollerate without making restitution, yea or nay? The particulars of these things plainly laid open, will yeild an ill savour, such a one as his Name you make use of, will be too short a cover for.

14. Whether you acknowledge the Governor and Govern­ment as it is now established in old England? And if so, Whe­ther you ought to act contrary to it? And whether this Law of yours for the banishing of us, is not contrary to it? And whether the spirit that would banish us out of this Pattent, if it had power would not do the same in banishing us out of old England, Ireland, and Scotland, and the dominions thereof? And whether this be to do as you would be done unto, yea or nay? Is not banished men turned banishers, and that for­conscience-sake? Will not such as this produce the plagues of God upon a people that he hath raised up from the dust, who hath groaned under the grief of oppression, and now are become the chief of oppressors.

15. Whether we the said people may have peaceble & qui­et commerce and trading into any part of your Pattent, as occasion shall offer, from Road-Island, or elsevvhere?

[Page 39] These and what further may be presented to remembrance by the Lord God, is the just grounds whereupon my intent and desire is, to appear before your Court and Country, and all who may be concerned herein (if God permit) H. Norton.

A Plain answer I expect to the particulars herein mentioned but none came, notvvithstanding all the grounds before men­tioned, and the sufferings sustained, they returned us back to prison, and there continued us a certain space, even so long as they would, that so they might see the patience and faith of the Saints, both in prisons and stocks, for which end they put four there, for owning of us in the veiw of the people; after they had executed their wills upon us, by vvhiping us, one of their Magistrates told us that we were free paying our fees; our an­swer was, If any thing was due to him, he might go to the keep­er of the cursed purss (to wit, Iohn Alden who was treasurer of the robberies, which by violence they took from the innocent) the vvhich a Minister of their own making, and maintaining one Tompson by name said on his conscience we were men of no­ble spiri [...]s, he could neither finde in his heart to stay in the Court to hear and see the proceedings, nor come to the stocks to see our sufferings.

Sometime after the tvvo before mentioned had suffered, we two Christopher Holder and Iohn Copeland, went into the same Collony, unto a Town called Sandwitch, and going to a meet­ing of the Lords people, as the Lord drew us so we went, it be­ing the 23. of the 4. moneth 58. the Marshall with a Constable who lay in wait for us apprehended us, and said we vvere their prisoners; so we demanded to see their warrant, vvhich vvas to this effect to search in all suspicious places for strangers, com­monly called quakers, and apprehend them and have them out of the Tovvnship, and upon their return in again, the select men vvere to see them vvhipt, vvho by the Court vvas appointed for that end, according to their lavv; but they required us to go out forthvvith, vvhich vve could not do at their vvills, although vve refused not if the vvill of the Lord vvere so, but they being evilly bent, acquainted the select men of us; vvho vvould not see us vvhipt; yet notvvithstanding the Marshall, George Barloe burning in envy against us, kept us till the 29. of the same [Page 40] month prisoners in his house, sending to others to knovv vvhat he might do with us; who finding a man Thomas Hinckley by name called a Magistrate in Barnstable, fit to satisfie his bloody appetite, the which thing the select men could not do; so he had us to Barnstable, a Town about ten miles from thence, whither went above twenty friends who did accompany us, who were eye and ear-witnesses of the cruelty then acted on us, who taking with him a whip which he had made of the form and fashion which his cruel envious spirit had invented, who after a frivolous examination, and false accusations cast on us by Thomas Hinckley, telling the Marshal that he knew what to do with us, who had us forthwith to the post of an old house, where he tyed us and gave us thirty three stripes; the which cruelty acted on us, the people cryed out against (there being at that time many beholders) amongst which was one women crying out in the grief of her soul and the anguish of her spirit) How long Lord! how long shall it be ere thou avenge the blood of thine elect! and after bewailing her self, and lamenting her loss, said to this purpose, Did she forsake father and mother, and all her dear relations to come to New England for this? did I ever think that New England would come to this? who would have thought it? so after he had done, he had us again to Sand­witch, and on the morrow vve vvere had out of the Township, being desired not to come in again; the effect and sence of this struck so deep, and the impression of his bloody strokes being so barbarous, that I know by experience a re [...]dy and willing horse, would run himself unto death before he had suffered the like tor­ment, they having fetched from their brethren at Boston an example, the cord of their covenant (wherewith they abused the Saints bodies) it being threefold, amounting to an hundred stripes save one; the impenitent inflicter, whose conscience is feared as with a hot iron, having tasted of the terrors of God (if his own tongue be true) for his filthiness in defiling himself with a poor Indian woman, and other vile works which he hath wrought, who then and at that time was an Officer of their Court, a member of their mother-Church old Jezabel by name, who hath filled their hearts with the filth of her abomi­nations.

[Page 41] Again for confirmation hereof, take own mans one ac­count, and signed with his own name, which is as followeth.

A note of what I suffered by th [...] Court since the 8 month 57.

I was served to the eighth moneth Court 57. by two war­rants, one to serve on the Jury betwixt party and party, and the other to answer to something against me, but had not li­berty to see the warrant; to the first I was called, I pro [...]ered to serve on the Jury, but refused to swear, for which I was fi­ned ten shillings; for the other warrant I had laid to my charg­for perswading the Officer to give Christopher Holder and John Copeland. a copy of his Warrant, for which I was fined ten shil­lings; and for a meeting I had in my house I was to finde sure­ties for the good behavior in eighty pounds I and my sureties till June Court, which I refused to do, I was committed to the Marshal, where I was kept prisoner till the first moneth Court 1658. where I was released by the Governor, paying fees five shillings for committing and releasing, and half a crown a day, which came to about eighteen pounds, which I refused to pay; but the Marshal was content with six pounds for my diet, which I was content to give, not having made any agree­ment for it. Since in the latter end of the moneth called July came one George Barloe, a pretended officer, to apprehend qua­kers, and in the night after we were in bed, entered my house without light or any with him (in the manner of a robber) went out of one rome into another, came to my bedside, asked for strangers; going forth I made the door fast after him; he again broke open my door; after all this injury I was summon­ed to October Court on this account, and although nothing was proved against me, I laid open to the Magistrates the injury sustained, as his coming into my house alone, and after his break­ing my door and frighting my children; all the remedy I had, I was fined twenty shillings under pretence, because I had not brought my daughters; yet was never summoned to bring them.

Witness my hand William Newland.

One thing remarkable after the enterprizing his house, find­ing fire, demanded of the master of the same a candle, wh [...] [Page 42] with to make search, he being a man both capable and willing to manifest unto this Officer the vertue of his power, calls to minde a pail of vvater which quickly he fetched and forthwith cast it into the fire, and set the Officer to seek a light else­where.

Here followeth more of the sufferings sustained in that one and the self same Town called Sandwitch, the relation being given by the sufferers under their own hands, who write thus.

A Declaration of the sufferings of several friends in the Town of Sandwitch, for their obedience to the commands of Christ, from the cruelty of the oppressing power, in the Col­lony of Plimouth, who have made laws to bind us by oath (contrary to the law of Christ, whose law is so strongly written in our hearts, and the keeping of it so delightsome to us, and the gloriousness of its life daily appearing, makes us to endure the cross patiently, and suffer the spoiling of our goods with joy) as they say to be true & faithful to the State, and to all such laws as shall be made, pretending them to be good and whole­some, though evil and distructive, which we are witnesses of; the which oath we refusing to take, declaring that we could not swear at all, they have fined us five pounds a court, and to ap­pear every General Court, which is three times in a year, which is as they say fifteen pounds a year for refusing to swear; and for the executing their cruelty, John Alden their treasurer (who is novv filling up the measure of that wicked treasury) hath sent the Marshal Samuel Nash, vvho hath taken George Barloe the other Marshal with him, and hath done as followeth

First; being sent by john Alden, they came to us, and de­manded a fine of ten pounds for refusing to take the oath, but we knovving the unjust end of their actings, had not much to ansvver, onely declared against it; so they coming to our se­veral habitations strained upon the best of our cattle, and com­ing to Edward Perries yard where his cattel were, he not satis­fying of their wills, but declaring his innocency in suffering, they being at work for him who is the prince of darkness, the fruits of the works of darkness was by them brought forth, for they having marked for the ten pounds, two Cows, and two Hiefers, and went to mark more, a neighbor standing by ask­ed [Page 43] them how many they intended to mark? they answered two Cows besides the Heifers, he answered, they had marked so many already, and shewed them the cattle; yet notwithstand­ing they marked another Covv; also at that time took a Cow of the same mans vvhich vvas in his yard, and marked for a­nother man; also marked other mens cattle to answer the fine charged upon him; so they marked for the ten pounds fine, three Cows and tvvo Heifers vvorth sixteen pound; after this, being summoned to another Court, the Governor Thomas Prince, demanded of us the taking of the oath vve formerly refused, vvho pretended (seeing vve said vve could not svvear) if vve vvould be bound body and goods to be true, as before is said, the vvhich also vve refused; one ansvvering said, He vvould bind himself by promise to be faithful to the State; Thomas Prince ansvvered, in a deriding manner, said, you cannot pro­mise, you cannot make a promise; he ansvvered yea, I can promise against evil; the other still ansvvered in derision; so they fined us five pounds a peice more that Court; and not long after the Court, the Marshall came for the cattle which they had formerly marked, and also for the last five pounds; and com­ing to Edward Perry demanded the last fine, his ansvver being much as the former, the Marshall went from him to the restof his company, and he having brought his cattle out of the woods into his field, and having a fat Cow amongst them to kill, also having a man to help him, went about it, the Marshals and their company being in the field talking together, and he that help­ed him driving the Cow to the place where she was killed; one of the Marshals asked him whose Cow that was? he ansvvered, What if it be mine? so no more words being spoken, he brought the Cow to the place, and vvhen vve were ready to knock her down; one that helped the Marshal to drive the cattle, came in hast both in body and spirit, and said, do not kill that Cow; we asked him whether he were the Marshal, al­so whether he had any order to take the Cow, and required to see an order; whereupon came George Barloe one of the Mar­shals, he was asked whether he had any order, and required if he had to shew it; but he said he had not, but the other Mar­shal had was absent; so we seeing no order we killed the Cow, [Page 44] and after we had killed her, the other Marshal came, of whom an order was demanded if he had any, but he would shew none although it was required that before they took any cattle out of the field to see their order, but none they would shew, but not­withstanding drive away two Cows for the last five pounds fine; and so great is their rage that for that vvhich was killed, they required another as good of him that helped to kill her, because he knocked her down, and since John Alden hath sent a warrant or mittimus without examination to the Constable to take his body, and to carry him to Plimouth, and deliver him to the Marshall, there to be kept till the first moneth 59. this being in the ninth moneth 58. so he was had before John Alden and William Collier, who hath bound him to let them have as good a Covv, and to answer it at the next Court, though it was plain­ly declared by Edward Parry to John Alden, that if he had ought against any man, it must be against him, for he that helped was as his servant and did it by his order; vvhich thing he made light of, and since hath sent the Marshall, who hath seized upon one of his Cows, so that for that five pound from Edward Perry they have taken three Covvs, which are worth eleven pounds; Behold what a violent crush this is, to take a­way twenty seven pounds for fifteen pounds! is this to deliver the innocent and help the needy? surely the proverb that Wisdom spake is true, which saith; As a roaring Lyon, and a raging Bear, so is a wicked Ruler to a poor people; Also taken from Robert Harper two young Oxen and one Heifer for ten pounds fine, worth thirteen pounds; and marked from Ralph Allin in cattle, eleven pounds ten shillings for ten pounds fine, and from Thomas Greenfeild is taken two Cows, and from Richard Ker­by for the whole fifteen pounds fine, they have taken four Cows, one of them with a bell about her neck, also a call, all which are vvorth sixteen pounds: Also from VVilliam Allin, whom they have fined fifteen pound, they have taken two Covvs and a Steer, which are worth thirteen pounds, the last five pounds not being yet fetched by them.

Ralph Allin, Edward Perry, Richard Kerby; Robert Harper, Thomas Greenfeild, VVilliam Allin witnesses.

[Page 45] Again, Mathew Allin for the same, to vvit, for not svvear­ing, fined ten pounds, for which they distrained and took away three Cows, for which if he had been in want, would willingly have given twelve pounds (as he saith himself.) Daniel VVing for the same twelve pounds; George Allin also for five pounds sine cattle seized on to the value of six pounds; VVilliam Gifford for the same twelve pounds; George VVeb, Iohn Allin, with o­thers fined also (but spared because they had it not) Thomas Ewer also refusing to take the oath, they stopt seven pounds in Richard Chadwels hand for which he labored; and for refusing to Train they strained from him the worth of ten shillings. Peter Gaunt a man of great age, and an inhabitant in that Town twenty one years, and one of the approved men amongst them, at the setting up of their Church-worship also in the time of that ignorance, did do that which they required con­cerning their oath of fidelity; yet now he fearing God, al­though his natural strength be much spent, required of him to train, which for conscience sake he could not do; they demanded of him ten shillings, which refusing to pay, they distrained of his houshold stuff so much Pewter as they pleased, it being a thing not easie to come at in those parts; again they summoned him to their court at Plimouth, notwithstanding his age, and a great distance he was off, being as aforesaid twenty miles, who vvhen there he came, was committed with other friends to the Goa­lor, who afterwards by the Governor vvas called for and fined tvventy shillings for not putting off his hat, for which they attached a young beast which they themselves prized at thirty five shillings; also William Allin being accused for breaking in­to a mans house, for want of other occasion, charged him and others (according to the law) with fellony; [mind what malice here is,] this they did against him, and several others (because they came into a house vvhere tvvo friends vvere imprisoned, the door being open) which when there he came, the man of the house cleared him to the Governor, vvho then having no­thing whereof justly to accuse him, told him there was a mistake in the summons, yet fined him twenty shillings for not putting off his hat, for vvhich they took a brass ketle prized by them at twenty five shillings; this they did, besides thirteen pounds [Page 46] worth of cattle forced from him, because he could not svvear: Daniel Wing tvventy shillings for the hat; another Ralph Alli [...] tvventy shillings for the hat, one vveather sheep distrained.

Again, Thomas Greenfield put by from the Jury for not swearing, fined tvventy shillings, for vvhich they distrained his goods. Edward Perry for not training, distrained and taken a­vvay to the value of seven shillings, besides all other fines, John Te [...]kins for the same one pot distrained, vvhich vvas of great use unto him, of vvhich he vvas debarred; Robert Harper for the same, pewter taken to the value of four shillings.

Reader, thou maist take notice, that though these people be such as pretend much to honor the Sabbath day as they call it, yet by order of Court did the Constable come to a meeting of friends in Sandwitch-Town on the first day as they vvere vvait­ing upon the Lord, and sommoned fourteen of them to be at a Court at Plimouth the next day, being tvventy miles distant, vvhere theyvvere fined five pounds a piece for refusing to swear, vvhich is contrary to the law of God and wholsome lavv of the English nation; and at this Court, being in the beginning of the fourth moneth 1658. they appointed the forementioned Barloe Marshal, or rather pursevant of Barnestable, Sandwitch, and Yar­mouth, vvhich office he hath executed with as much malice as any be. All this distress, forced robbery, and violent stealth, is done in the name of his Highness, Lord Protector of England, &c. as they say, and more also which here follovvs; four of them at the same time put in the stocks, for taking Iohn Rous by the hand vvhen he came from before the Court.

Again sixteen of them summoned to their Octob [...]r Court, so called by them, and there all fined again five pounds a man for the oath; [...]thou maist understand that this vvas in the 8. moneth 58. so that their maist see their cruelty still continued vvith an intent to ruinace that harmless and Innocent people; and if thy name thou suffer to cover this, I am sure they will laugh at thee, for they call thee Protector of England, Ireland and Scotland; but New England not yet that Pattent, is not once named by them that ever Iyet heard; for if it were so in righteousness, thou most needs, and that in conscience protect that poor peo­ple from being utterly ruinated, and so as chief Magistrate thou [Page 47] art owned by the sufferers; appear therefore in plainness, and shew unto all thy like or dislike of these their doings, that every man may know thee by thy fruits, and whether thou takest the protection of Nevv England into thy hand yea or nay, of vvhich the inhabitants vvith many more have great need, if e­quity and justice thou execute therein.

Again three of them, to vvit, William Allin, Robert Harper, Thomas Greenfeild, for not departing out of the Court, forth­vvith upon the Governors command although not refusing so to do, vvas committed to the Marshall and carried avvay to pri­son, the Court breaking up that night, vvas there left and continued.

The actings of George Barloe of Sandvvich, he being ordered by the Court at Plimouth for the preventing the peaceable meeting together of the servants of the Lord (to vvait upon him in the silence of all flesh) as by his actions plainly vvill ap­pear; he having received a Warrant to search all suspicious places, to apprehend strangers called quakers, by this order cometh into our meetings, sometimes bringing others vvith him and sometimes alone, vve sitting still in our places, he requi­reth of several of us to remove and to give vvay to him, pre­tending to search the house for strangers, and if vve do not sa­tisfie his vvill by giving vvay to him (vvhich none can do vvho are truely vvaiting upon the Lord) then he breaketh, forth in bitter expressions, pulling some, and thrusting others, threatning some of us to put us in the stocks, and saying to some of us, if we remove not to tread on us; also pulling off and and lifting up our hats, pretending that he doth not know us, using ma­ny words both by flattery and violence to draw forth words from us; and when he sees he can get none, then he breaketh forth with many false charges against us, who are innocent from doing any wrong, either to him or any of those by whom he is set to work mischief against us; also to prevent this vile person from disquieting of us (when attending upon the Lord) we have removed from our houses into the woods; a neighbor, and one of his own nature, whom he forced to go along with him, said he was ashamed of him to see him upon the first day in the morning, hunting the people by their foot­ings, [Page 48] as a Dog hunting some other creatures, this is and hath been a very common thing with him and others, whom they have imployed, the first day and other days, thus to doe; as witness,

Edward Perry, Humphrey Norton.

Here also is the Sum of part of the Fines levied out of one Town in Plimouth patent called Sandwitch.

This they have sustained in less then one years time, besides imprisonings, stockings, abusings, and halings, in and from their own houses, some of them being men of low estates, that to outward appearance this which is done unto them may be their ruinating, and utter undoing in outward estate, if neither pity, mercy, nor compassion be used towards them, which these have none, as witness their Marshal George Barloe, who said he would not leave them worth a groat, such is the clemency of a New England Member.

  • William Newland having formerly taken their Oath of In­fidelity escaped with1. l. 10. s.
  • He and Ral [...]h Allin having been cast into the Marshals hands which put them in charges to the sum of12 l. 0.
  • Edward Perry 27 l. 7 s
  • Robert Harper 13 l. 4 s
  • Ralph Allin 12 l. 10 s
  • Thomas Greenfield 11 l. 0 s
  • Richard Kirby 16 l. 0 s
  • William Allin 14 l. 5 s.
  • VVilliam Gifford 12 l. 0 s.
  • Matthew Allin 12 l. 0 s.
  • Daniel VVing 12 l. 0 s.
  • George Allin 6 l. 0 s.
  • Peter Gaunt [...]e also having formerly taken the Infidels Oath, escaped with so much as 2 l. 5 s
  • Thomas Ewer 7 l. 10. s.
  • Another Ralph Allin 1 l. 0 s.
  • The Sum 160 l. 11 s.

Again in Marshfield, A town in that Patent; Arthur How­land, [Page 49] a man of a great age, near unto 70 years, who Simeon like hath waited long for his Salvation, who seeing him now appear in his Temple, could no longer with his estate, supply the Priests Office, who seeing it in measure fulfilled, could do no other then bear his Testimony against it; for which they strained his Iron Furniture, belonging to his draught, to the quite disabling him, and disappointing him of the use of the same, to his great loss and damage. Again, the aforesaid Ar­thur for not delivering up unto the Constable at his command (a servant of God called Robert Hodgshon) he having no warrant for what he did but said Josiah Winslow would bear him out in it, for this they fined the old man fire pounds, for which they took away a Steer and a Bull, the 28 of the third moneth, 1658. which the old man said, for the reteining and protecting the aforesaid Robert, he conceived he was bound in obedience to his Prince Oliver so to do, he having hòlden forth the same in his Instrument of Government:

Arthur Howland.

And I am satisfied in obedience to his Conscience could do no lesse, he having been a receiver and a reliever of the Saints and servants of God, and of such as is and hath been persecuted, he himself having been one formerly in the Bishops days as well as now, I am Witness of it.

H. N.

Again, such was their wickedness against this old man, that they would have cast him into bonds in the cold Winter season, which he said he had rather repair to the chief Magistrate, and seek redress there, for which he used several Arguments to them, but their Prison being readier then their Protectors pre­sence, had been the place provided for him (by their appoint­ment, such was their cruelty) had not his brother and friends, (who could not bear it) entred into bond for him. Again, Henry Howland his brother in the Town of Duxbery, for having a meeting in his house, and not serving on the Jury, fined, and levied, 1 l. 10 s.

Henry Howland.

New Havens proceedings against Humphrey Norton and others.

Humphrey Norton a servant of God, being going to visit his seed under the Dutch Government coming into an English Plantation, called Southo [...]d, belonging to New-havens Juris­diction, was that evening forthwith apprehended, and not so much as once asked what vvay he travelled, but committed to the Marshal, and by water conveyed to New-haven, where after a frivolous Examination, having nothing justly against him, was cast into Prison, and laid upon him a great weight of I­rons day and night linked to a great lump of Wood, it being in the twelfth moneth 16 [...]7. They continued him 20 days in this condition, in a cold open Prison, not suffering him to have either fire or candle, or any to come at him, but such as did abuse him; under which tryal Satan came unto him, tempting him: I heard him say of a truth, that he told the Devil to his face, That he was a Fool, upon the eleventh of the first moneth, 1658 he was called forth before their Court so called, where not the least clause of transgression was proved against him, having also put forth some queries to their chief Priest:

John Davenport who denied to answer them in writing, say­ing he saw how he had served his Brother Young, but would answer them there in the peoples hearing in words, which H. N. indeavouring to make Reply, Upon his Answer in the audience of the people, they caused a great Iron Key to be ty­ed cross his mouth, and said he should answer when the Priest had done, but that was like the rest, for the Priest had no soon­er done, but he fled away as fast as he might, and he continu­ed with the Key in his mouth until he was gone: And after spending the part of two days in his tryal, they sentenced him to be severely whipt, and burnt in the hand with the Letter H. for Heresie, and to be conveyed out of their Colonie, in the manner of Banishment, not to return but upon the utmost penaltie that the Law would infl [...]ct: Also fined ten pounds, as they said to pay the Court and Colonie their charges, and this saith he that gave the sentence, must be done this afternoon; [Page 51] shortly after the Drum beat, and the people gathered a great many; and straightway he was fetched forth and offered upon their Altar-Stocks in the view of all the people, was stript to the waste, with his back turned to the Magistrates, and by re­port of them that stood by, had 36 stripes; but he himself knows not how many; for they had no sooner done (then I heard him say that his Body was all as if it had been covered with Balm) then turning his face to the Magistrates, they brought a pan with hot burning coals and their Iron in it, and took his right hand made fast in the stocks, and burnt it more deep then ever I saw any impression upon any quick creature, after which being loosed, the Lord opened his mouth in prayer, and he ut­tered his voice towards heaven, from whence came his help, who covered the heads of his enemies with shame and con­tempt, but himself with peace, love and joy; after which seve­ral times they profered him his deliverance paying his fine and his fees: His answer was always such, that if they would do it for two pence, they might never have it from him, nor none by his consent; or if he would but promise it, which thing he could not do; but a Dutchman whose face he never saw be­fore, ingaged unto them for twenty Nobles altogether without his consent, which they wickedly received in stead of ten pounds, making their Law a lie; the aforesaid Dutchman being asked a reason why he would offer it, said his own spirit within him made him do it, besides him not another face appeared with him, nor for him, only they seemed to force salves upon him, for the killing of the fire, the which he refused, not needing it; the Marshal being a malicious man and much tormented, would have a reason why he would not receive it his answer was, he could not suffer a dog to lick his sores, (am I a Dog saith the Marshal?) And William Brend and several others, being mo­ved to bear the message of the Lord to the same place, being all threatned and sent away in the manner of Banishment, some of them not suffered to discharge and unburthen their Consci­ences, for which unto the place they were called, but forced a­way with the burthen of that Word upon them; or which one through the power of the Prince of darkness hath finished her testimony in the Sea, Mary VVeatherhead by name: Another [Page 52] of them being forced and hasted away, it being their meeting­day, crying out, Wo be unto you for Humphrey Nortons sake, Wo be unto you.

Reader, That thou mayest be truly certified of what manner of spirits the New-England Priests are, I shall give you a brief account of what passed between my beloved brother [...]ohn Copeland, and a high Priest we met with at Hartf [...]rd, it being the will of God, that his seed should be sought out in all parts, we were moved to go to Hartford, (in the Jurisdiction of [...]anit­ticote) for that purpose, and after some passages at the Town; which will not be needful to relate, we being at the Ordinary were sent for by the Governour to come to his house, and we went; where were assembled the Governour, a mode­rate man, and some of the Magistrates, so called, and their Priest called Samuel Stone; after some questions asked us by the Governour as from whence we came, and whether we were going, of which we gave him an account as the Lord gave us freedom; Samuel Stone asked us, What God is? we said a Spirit, then with his Logick he did thus cavil; a Spirit is an An­gel, and an Angel is a creature, God is not a creature, there­fore God is not a Spirit; the which we did deny, it being both contrary to Scripture and truth, but by it he shewed how learn­ed he was that had learned more of Logick then of God; for had he known God he dared not thus to have spoken: After some more words he said further, That God is the Author of all wis­dom, and all arts, the which we denied, and put him to prove it, and in stead of proving it, he went to raise another Argument nothing to the purpose, but we kept him to what he said, and put him to prove it by Scripture, but he would not nor could not; then we said, There is a wisdome, which is earthly, sensual, and devilish; and God is not the Author of that wisdome, and God will destroy the wisdome of the wise, and bring to nought the understanding of the prudent; and we said, God would not destroy the wisdome which he is the author of, so this learned man vvas much pusled, not being able to make good what he had said in the face of many of his hearers that were then pre­sent; then the Governour seeing him thus taken in his own net, did help him saying, That was not wisdome, but folly, but [Page 53] God is the Author of all true wisdome; we answered if Samu­el had said so at first, we should have easily consented to it, then Samuel Stone said the Apostle spoke there improperly, but we affirmed that the Spirit of God always spoke properly: After this he raised another lying Argument, which was this; None are saved without a promise, you have no promise in the Scri­pture, and therefore are not saved; to which we replyed, the Promise is, I will give him for a Covenant, a light, that he may be my Salvation to the ends of the earth, to as many as beleeve in him; we beleeve in him, and are in the ends of the earth, and there­fore are saved by him; to which he objected nothing, so after some words the day being spent, one of their Magistrates read us their Law, that we vvere not to stay in their Colonie: Thus may all see how these four united Colonies, as they are called, have agreed to banish Christ out of their coasts by a Law; O what a brotherhood is this, that thus useth the friends of God; and abuseth his servants sons and daughters by whipping, burning, and otherwise mangling their bodies! but it is that the Scriptures might be fulfilled which saith, They shall hale you before Rulers and Governours for my Names sake, and as they have done unto me, so will they do unto you, saith Christ, because they know not the Father nor me; yet amongst all the Colonies found we not the like moderation as in this, most of the Magistrates being more noble, then those of the other Colonies; after some dayes stay, we departed from that Town towards Road-Island, and by this thou mayest see what husks the Priests of New-England feeds their Flocks with: Thus in short have I given thee an account of some of the Doctrines of one of the highest of the New-England Pharisees, who is accounted the great­est disputant in all the Land, (as one of his Hearers told us) but it hath so pleased the Father, by babes to confound and stop the mouthes of such wise ones, that he in all, and over all, may be glorified for ever,

John Rous.

Reader, I being one with the suffering seed, was after some travels and sufferings, as thou mayest understand, in other re­mote parts moved to go to New-England, and was brought to Road-Island according to the will or him who had moved [Page 54] me, and after spending some few dayes there, I was moved to go into other parts of the land, where I met with the most loathsome hypocrisie, and abominable deceit that ever I saw or heard of, and that committed by those who pretend them­selves to be no less then members of the Church of Christ, but how disagreeable their practices are, to the spirit of him whom they profess, if thou art one who hast tasted of it, thou wilt easily judge; and I can truely say that under this pretence of theirs, almost all manner of wickedness is covered, pride, glut­tony, envy, deceitful dealings (as vvitness many of their cre­ditors, the Merchants upon the Exchange in London and else­where; who for it hath often cryed out against it) bloodshed, lust, and what else might be mentioned; and such hypocrisie have I seen amongst the highest members of their chiefest Chur­ches, that I have sometimes said within my self, A man that hath a covetous and deceitful rotten heart, lying lips which a­bound among them, & a smooth fawning flattering tongue and short hair, and a deadly enmity against those that are called Quakers and others that oppose their wayes, such a hypocrite is a fit man to be a member of any New England Church; a plain demonstration of which thou maist see in their character of their Religion written in blood, wherein all is not written that they have done, and we have suffered by them; but the chiefest heads are gathered together, and presented to publike view, that the simple may be informed, and their cruelty and oppression laid open to the honest hearted, and God glorified who hath counted us worthy to suffer for his names sake, for whose sake we have been accounted as sheep for the slaughter, and killed all the day long by the Butchers, so that if thou should ask me who vvere the chief upholders of their Church and Religion, I should answer, their Goalor, Hangman, Gover­nor, and Deputy-Governor, and not their Pastor and Teach­er, and Elder, and Deacon, for if they can well avoid it, they care not for coming where we are, unless it be when we are called before their Court, to fasten some false accusation on us if they can, the which-they have not spared; and touching the matter aud manner of their vvorship, it is most like the ridged Presbyters, so called, but a little differing from the late Bi­shops, [Page 55] onely they use not their blind service and surp-cloaths, but in stead of them have inventions of their own, and in cruelty are nothing behind them (for which God will take ven­gence on them.) It was so ordered of the Lord, that I with my beloved brother Humph. Norton, were moved to go to the great meeting-house at Boston upon one of their Lector dayes; a little after the Goalor a member of their Church had nigh murthered one of our friends that was then in prison, where vve found John Norton their Teacher set up, who like a babling Pharisee, run over a vain repetition near an hour long (like an impudent smoth-fac'd harlot, who was telling her Paramoors a long fair story of her husbands kindness, while nothing but vvantonness and wickedness is in her heart) when his glass was out, he begun his Sermon, wherein amongst many lifeless ex­pressions he spake much of the danger of these who are called quakers, and did much labor to stain their innocency, with many feigned words; and did often call upon the people to be­lieve what he said, as though they did not minde him enough, though some gaped on him, as if they expected honey should have dropped from his lips (but sure I am little but Gall and Vi­negar fell from him while I was there, vvith vvhich many of his hearers, are abundantly filled, a flood of vvhich Christ in any of his disciples may sooner have from them then a cup of cold vvater to refresh him) hovv often hungry fouls amongst them have been so deceived by him, I leave to that of God in their consciences to judge; and amongst other of his vain conceits, he uttered this (vvhereby he plainly discovered the blindness and rottenness of his heart) That the justice of God is the Ar­mor of the devil, the vvhich if true, then is the devil some­times covered vvith justice, vvhich is more then ever I heard any of his servants say on his behalf before; for vvhich and the rest of his rottenness and deceit, I leave him to the judgement of him vvho hath prepared a portion for hypocrites in utter darkness, vvhere they shall reap the fruits of their labor [...], and commend thee to the grace of God, by it to be guided in all things in which as thou wal [...]s, thou wilt love truth and simpli­city, and ha [...] hypocrisie and deceit, though with us thou suffer persecution & reproach, the which if thou suffer with patience, [Page 56] I am one with thee, and rests a Witness for God against all hypocrisie, Called Iohn Rous.

Also Sarah Gibbins and D [...]rothy Waugh, called to Hartford in the forementioned Colonie of Caniticote, for their enter­tainment, they took their cloathes, and sold them, and sent themselves away.

Here follows a Copie of Boston Law, under which the Saints have suffered, and which Nich. Upshal testified against.

Whereas there is a cursed sect of hereticks lately risen up in the world, which are commonly called Quakers, who take up­on them to be immediatly sent of God, and infallibly assisted by the Spirit to speak and write blasphemous opinions, despi­sing government, and the order of God in Church and Com­mon-wealth, speaking evil of dignities, reproaching and revi­ling Magistrates and Ministers, seeking to turn the people from the faith, and gain Proselites to their pernicious ways; this Court taking into serious consideration the premises, and to pre­vent the like mischief as by their means is wrought in our na­tive Land, doth hereby order, and by the authoritie of this Court, Be it ordered and enacted, That what Master or Commander of any Ship, Bark, Pink or Catch, that shall henceforth bring in­to any Harbour, Creek, or Cove, within this Iurisdiction, any Quaker or Quakers, or other blasphemous Hereticks, shall pay or cause to be paid the fine of one hundred pounds to the Treasurer of the Country, except it appear he want true know­ledge or information of their being such, and in that case he hath libertie to clear himself by his Oath, when sufficient proof to the contrary is wanting; and for default of good payment, or good securitie for it, shall be cast into prison, and there to continue till the said sum be satisfied to the Treasurer as aforesaid; and that Commander of any Catch, Ship or Uessel that shall bring them being legally convicted, shall give in sufficient securitie to the Go­vernour or any one or more of the Magistrates who have power to determine the same, to carry them back to the place whence he brought them, and on his refusal so to do, the Governour or one or more of the Magistrates are hereby impowred to issue out his or their Warrants to commit such Master or Commander to prison, there to continue till he give in sufficient security to the [Page 57] content of the Governor or any of the Magistrates as aforesaid: And it is hereby further ordered and enacted, That what Qua­kers soever shall arrive in this Country from forreign parts, or shall come into this jurisdiction from any parts adjacent, shall be forthwith committed to the house of Correction, and at their en­trance to be severely whipt, and by the Master thereof to be kept constantly to work, and none suffered to converse or speak with them during ye time of their imprisonment, which shall be no lon­ger then necessity requires; and it is ordered; If any person shall knowingly import into any harbour of this Iurisdiction, any Quakers Books or Writings, Concerning their devilish opini­ons, shall pay for every such Book or writing, being legally pro­ved against him or them, the sum of [...]ve pounds, and whosoever shall disperse or conceal any such Book or Writing, and it be found with him or her, or in his or her house, and shall not im­mediatly deliver the same to the next Magistrate, shall forfeit and pay five pounds, for the dispersing or concealing of every such Book or Writing; And it is hereby further enacted, That if any person within this Colonie, shall take upon them to defend the heretical opinions of the said Quakers, or any of their Books or Papers as aforesaid, if legally proved, shall be fined for the first time fortie shillings; if they shall persist in the same, and shall again defend it the second time four pounds; yet notwithstand­ing if they shall again so defend and maintain the said Quakers heretical opinions, they shall be committed to the house of cor­rection, till there be convenient passage to send them out of the land, being sentenced by the Court of Assistants to banish­ment: Lastly, It is hereby ordered, That what person or per­sons soever shall revile the person of Magistrates or Ministers as is usual with the Quakers, such person or persons shall be severely whipt, or pay the sum of five pounds: This is a true Copie of the Courts Order, as attests,

Edward Rawson Secretary.

The Sufferers under this Law hereafter follows, who hath crushed it, and trampled over it, and testified against it, and replyed to it, as followeth:

And this they do because they neither know the Father nor us, they hate us without a cause.

[Page 58] Whereas there is a printed Paper lately come to my hands, like unto a Pamphlet, being unsubscribed by any Magistrate, but runs in the Name of the general Court held upon such and such dayes at Boston, wherein they have taken occasion to blaspheme God, belye his people, transgress his Laws, and limit his spirit, and all this is done by you professors, who were either banished men your selves, or such as fled for a tender conscience sake, or worse; and he that provides for all that loves him, provided and sound out this Land for you, amongst whom there is a scattered seed, from which you strive to limit his spirit (by your unrighteous Laws) from the gathering it home unto himself, having forged and invent­ed Laws contrary to God, Christ, and the Scriptures, and thereby hath acted such things as is to be admired; (clear your selves as wel as you can:) And seeing they are grounded upon none of these three, examine from whence they have their rise, and from what ground, seeing the Devil onely is the Author of all unrighteousness, malice and lyes; the three first lyes against us, is, That we are Cursed, a Sect, and Here­ticks; the fourth, That we take it upon us that we are imme­diately sent of God, and infallibly assisted by the spirit to speak and write blasphemous Opinions; This a cursed and blasphemous lye against God, to charge that which is infal­lible, with blasphemous Opinions; Seeing that there is no spirit infallible, but God; in the day wherein you are brought to give an account for every idle word, you vvil wish that for this your tongues had cloven to the roof of your mouths. Your fifth, Despising Government; your sixth and seventh, the Order of God in Church and Common-Wealth: Your eighth, speaking evil of Dignities: Your ninth and tenth, reviling Magistrates and Ministers: Your eleventh, that we seek to turn people from the faith: Your twelfth and thir­teenth, That our Wayes are pernicious, and seeking to make proselytes: Your fourteenth, That we have wrought mischief in our native Land: Your fifteenth, That it is usual with us to revile, &c. Surely you are bent to do evil, or otherwise you would never utter such untruths as these; I can truly and safely say it, That upon the same spirit that forged these fif­teen [Page 59] lyes, have you published a Law to limit the spirit of God from coming within your coasts by threatnings and fines upon such as shall convey any of these persons where­in the Spirit of God speaks. Examine from whence you have this Law to lay on and levie Fines, I am sure neither the Spirit of truth nor the Scriptures is your rule, for this (also such a Clause you have in it) that if any bring us unadvisedly, if they will but break the doctrine of Christ by taking of an Oath, shall be freed from such things as are therein mentioned; And find­ing your Law grounded upon fifteen falshoods, I shall men­tion no more òf your matter then I must needs, but seeing this inveterate hatred that this Spirit of yours hath in it, which gives forth threatnings in no less words, then Fines and Banish­ment against such as speaks, or continues speaking in the behalf of the truth of God, (for none there is besides it) I say, ought you not to leave the banishing of them to him who gave you and them the Land? Is not their right as good as yours? be­ware of this banishing, will you go and fight still against God? who hath given this Land as a lot unto the banished, that so through the scattered seed, he might raise up a people to his praise; and seeing I have charged upon your account, Fifteen untruths at the fewest in a small Paper, which things I shall make good through the assistance of God so to be, upon these grounds following; that as I am drawn through the power and Spirit of God to come into your Pattent, that I may be ad­mitted peaceably with my friend or friends to have a publike meeting both with your Magistrates, and them you call your Ministers, with the people, and time and place appointed, where all may freely come, and all have liberty to speak, (unto whom the Word is revealed) one by one▪ that all may hear, and all may be comforted without interruption or ensnaring: And if this you deny, you are not worthy to bear these Names, much less the Offices, and if this you will be so noble as to grant, let me have it under thy hand Iohn Indicot, with any one or two of thy Assistants directed unto Nicholas Easton on Road-Island, for to be delivered to the hands of Humphrey Nor­ton. Be well advised, and this doe, for thou art not sensible what good it may may bring forth, and if this you deny, I can [Page 60] do no less then publish it, for the clearing of the truth of God from falshoods and lyes, which are come forth in Print a­gainst the innocent, who acknowledg both the Father and the Son, as in due time the Lord God will make it manifest amongst you to the shame of his enemies:

Road Island, the seventh of the ninth moneth, 1657.

On the last day of the sixt Moneth 1657. they wickedly and shamelesly began to execute this Law on an innocent and harmless woman, as plainly appears by the ensuing lines.

Mary Clark a modest and an innocent woman, who feared God with all her houshold, left her husband and family, to go on the Lords errand to the town of Boston in New-England, the burden of his word lying so sore upon her, that she regard­ed not what sufferings she sustained, so that according to his will, she was discharged from under it, who repairing thi­therwards to do the will of him that sent her; About the 29 of the sixt moneth 1657. was betrayed by Judas the son of per­dition, a Member of their Church, who informed them of her coming, who shortly after apprehended her, delivering her over to the Tormentors, impowring them barbarously to abuse her body, with about twenty merciless stripes, with a threefold cord, which being unfolded amounts to sixty, such being the Seals of their cursed Covenant, and one of the Articles of their Faith; Also to add unto her sufferings, and to make the cup more cruel, they continued her in prison above 12. weeks; all which she did patiently bear, not re­garding the coldness of the season, her innocency preaching condemnation to her adversaries, and for her faithfulness here­in, the Lord God is her reward.

Again two of the Servants of God being moved by him to go to Salem, a town in Boston Colonie, to seek the Son of peace, who suffered in many for want of Information, where the true path lies that leads to his dwelling place; these two Pil­grims having obtained mercy from God, and being baptized into his Covenant, Christ Jesus preached freely unto them the things that they had seen and heard, and their hands had hand­led, which as an engrafted word took place in them, such as [Page 61] never can be rooted out, so that their hearers in short time became their fellow sufferers, as hereafter you will understand; Satan finding that his head was hurt, set forth his Priests and Rulers, with their Officers to pursue these Messengers of the Messias who accordingly fell upon one of them with his cruel hands in his Synagogue, stopping of his mouth with gloves, and haling him by his hair, and so thrust them out; then an Officer took them and continued them Prisoners untill the next day; then had he them to Boston prison, it being the 21 of the se­venth moneth 1657. and on the morrow the deputy Gover­nour Richard Bellingham and the Secretary, with the Elder and Deacon of that Town, came to the Goalors house, who sent for us apart, and examined us apart, thinking to entangle us in our words, and find us in contradictions; but we abiding in the truth, which is but one, spake one thing, so that they had no advantage against us, neither could take hold of any thing we had spoken, but said our answers were delusive, and that the Devil had taught us a deal of subtilty; so we were put in pri­son again, and some hours after we were called forth again, and was had before the Governour John Indicot, with the Deputy Governor, and the rest of the Governors of the united Colo­nies as they call them, and sevral other people, who after a fri­volous examination, made a Warrant that we should be severe­ly whipt with 30 stripes a peece (which was cruelly done on the 23 of the seventh moneth, 1657. with a threefold cord, which if unfolded amounts to ninescore) which being so cruel (as it is said) one woman seeing fell down as dead; and kept close that none might discourse with us, and three days the Goalor not suffering us to have any food, nor yet water, yet a prisoner upon compassion, conveying some water once unto us, was much threatned by the Goalor, and all this for no transgression, not so much as denying to work, neither could we according to their wills, so adding to this, nine weeks cruel bonds, without fire all the cold season, turning us forth, when so they had done; this being the second Ar­ticle of their faith sealed up to purpose.

Christopher Holder, John C [...]peland.

Also one Cassandra Southick, with her Husband, a grave couple, were apprehended by their Officer, and brought un­to Boston, for the entertaining the two forementioned stran­gers, her husband being a Member of their corrupt body, which they call their Church, they returned back again that he might receive the defilement thereof, she being as a scape-goat from the scattered Tribes, they continued her seven weeks in Prison, fining her fortie shillings for owning a Paper, which was given forth by the Spirit of truth in these its Messengers, for which the Governor said, they deserved death (such was his cruelty) although the thing held forth nothing but what shew­ed how their Priests and Rulers differed from the holy men of God of old, yet if he had not been limited from the extent of his wickedness, he had sentenced them unto death, such a one is the third Article of their faith.

Also Ri [...]hard Dowdney an innocent man, serving the Lord, in the sincerity of his heart, having a necessity laid upon him to go to Boston, which in the simplicity of his heart he did, ha­ving never been in that Town nor Country before, in the way was apprehended; it seems the wicked betrayed him by his speech, and judged him to be a Disciple, which he Peter-like could not deny, so forthwith was carried after his Saviour before the Rulers, they having not against him the least clause or pretence of transgression, sentenced him to be severely whipt with thirty stripes, which was done unmercifully with the cord of their Covenant threefold, amounting to ninety, giving charge also to keep him constantly to work, and caused him to be searched for Papers and Books, and took from him what they would; (mark how swift they are to shed inno­cent blood for all this wickedness was done to him in less then three hours after his coming to Town) this was the entertain­ment of this poor pilgrim, to the wounding of the hearts of many, to hear and see a stranger, and a blameless man, so bar­barously abused, whom they continued above twenty days in bonds, to add unto him more at large the cup of their Cove­nant, which patiently he did bear, and for which he lost not his reward, which after further threatning him, and the other four turned them forth; thus confirming on them the fourth Article [Page 63] of their faith, by reading unto them (when they were before them) another piece of their mischief, vvhich they called an addition to the late Order, which they wickedly made in the strength of their pride, finding that their former was too weak to accomplish their design, they put this string to strengthen their Covenant-cord Thus Reader thou mayest see how they go on adding iniquity to sin, not at all considering that the rod of God is lifted up over them, who will assuredly take vengeance for all these works, therefore let all in whom there is any tender­ness, and bowels of love towards our Lord Jesus Christ deliver themselves from this untoward generation, by turning with the whole heart unto the Lord, that so they may be saved from the wrath which is to come upon all these things; thus having set the righteous law behind their back, and broken Covenant with the Lord in departing from him, and wickedly rising up and setting themselves against him, who once tendered them, and while they were little and lo [...] in their own eyes, and wal­ked in his fear, he preserved them, and for his name and glories sake which then was in the eye of many of them, did he rebuke their adversaries, and gave them their hearts desire, providing for them a hiding place, while his indignation was poured out on his and their enemies, who are become a desolation, and their names an abhorring to all flesh, at which work the righ­teous was glad and rejoyced in the God of their salvation, their enemies themselves confessing to it, that it was the Lords han­dy work, yea that the Lord wrought this work for his people, evidently appears, so that it shall be said from this time, it is the Lords work, and marvellous to behold in our eyes, yea and Nations shall confess to it, giving glory unto his name, thus hath the Lord tried them and proved them; yet how soon turn­ed they from him? forgetting his loving kindness, and his love wherewith be loved them while they were young and tender, who growing in years, their hearts were hardned, their minds by degrees going into the earth, was estranged from him whose presence thus departing, they became enviers of them in whom he appeared, and Cain-like began to smite with the fist their fellow servants, at which the Lords soul was grieved, yet pati­ently did the Lord wait for their return to him, bearing thei [...] [Page 64] iniquities which were great, not only in forsaking of his righ­teous law and holy Commandment (vvhich saith, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy self, and the Lord thy God with all thy heart) did go on in hatred against him, and made Laws whereby to oppréss the stranger, fatherless and widow, not re­garding their neighbours good, but on the contrary their de­struction, by banishing of them from amongst them, if that in all things they did not bow unto them: Remember this O New England, New England, and speedily repent of this and all o­ther thy wickedness, for which the Lord will certainly plead with thee, least it be thy portion for ever to be banished from his presence vvhich is a woful condition, therefore repent; yea, let the long forbearance and goodness of God (after thus ma­ny yeers deeply revolting from him, prisoning, and afflicting the tender hearted, who could not wrong their Consciences, so far as to joyn with you in these your actings) lead you to Re­pentance, but still do you go on in your rebellion to provoke him to wrath, yet for his seeds sake which is amongst you he hath spared you, vvhich now he hath visited you in his everlast­ing love, whose visitation of love you have with great hatred resisted, thereby heaping up vvrath unto your selves, and gain­ing the plagues and judgements of God, which unavoidably will come upon you (as your due) for resisting so great love; know this therefore that in vain you do weary your selves in making Laws whereby to oppress the just, and keep the holy seed in bondage. for the just God is risen, to plead its cause, who the just wil [...] set over their heads, and deliver the innocent from under your hands, who will confound all your works, and bring to nought all your enterprises, making you an example unto all that should attempt to do as you have done, vvhose deeds have over past the wicked that went before you, to wit, the Bishops, upon whom his wrath is fallen to the utmost, of which you O people of New England may take notice; for verily the righ­teous judgments of the God of Jacob can you not escape; ther­fore thinke not that the crying up of his Ordinances, (as you call them) vvill save you, while the cry of innocent blood is a­gainst you, of vvhich upon a due search you are found deeply guilty, which he can by no means clear, vvhilst so you conti­nue, [Page 65] although his mercy is to thousands of them that fear him, therefore let those amongst you, vvho are tender, and desires the knowledge of his vvays, be encouraged to vvait upon him, until he fulfill his promise, vvho certainly vuill establish such in his way, therefore let such not fear man, vvhose breath is in his nostrils, but fear the living God, vvho hath enlightned you vvith the light of his Son, by which light you vvill see the evill that the vvorld is in, vvhich as unto it you take heed, by it you vvill be preserved from the evill, to the praise and glory of him that made you, and so is the end for vvhich the the Lord made you answered,

John Copeland.

Reader, The Copie of their Law here follows, which is as they say an Addition to the late Order, but in truth may be called an Addi­tion to their former wickedness, which by the cruel sufferings of the innocent is crusht and broken, and if the wisdome of God had ruled the makers of it finding it too weak, they would have set up the ever lasting Law in stead of it, which doth violence to none, and that would have endured for ever, but in stead of doing so, they have gone on further to shew their folly.

As an Addition to the late Order, in reference to the com­ing, or bringing in any of the cursed Sect of the Quakers into this Jurisdiction: It is ordered that whosoever shall from hence­forth bring, or cause to be brought, directly or indirectly any known Quaker or Quakers, or other blasphemous Hereticks into this jurisdiction, every such person shall forfeit the sum of one hundred pounds to the Countrey, and shall by warrant from any Magistrate, be committed to prison there to remain, until the penalty be fully satisfied and paid; and if any person or persons within this jurisdiction, shall henceforth entertain or conceal any Quaker or Quakers or other blasphemous Hereticks (knowing them so to be) every such person shall forfeit to the Country for­tie shillings for every hours concealment and entertainment of any Quaker or Quakers, &c. as aforesaid, and shall be commit­ted to prison as aforesaid, till the forfeitures be fully satisfied and paid: And it is further ordered, That if any Quaker or Quakers, shall presume (after they have once suffered what the [Page 66] Law requireth) to come into this jurisdiction, every such Male Quaker shall for the first offence have one of his ears cut off, and be kept at work in the house of correction, till he can be sent away at his own charge; and for the second offence shall have his other ear cut off, and kept at the house of Correction as a­foresaid: And every woman Quaker that hath suffered the Law here, that shall presume to come into this jurisdiction, shall be severely whipt, and kept at the house of Correction at work, [...]ill she be sent away at her own charge; and so also for her coming again, she shall be alike used as aofresaid: And for every Quaker he or she, that shall a third time again offend, they shall have their tongues bore [...] through with a hot Iron, and kept at the house of correction close to work till they be sent away at their own charge; And it is further ordered, That all and every Quaker arising from amongst our selves, shall be dealt with and suffer the like punishment as the Law provides against forreign Quakers.

This is a true Copie of the Courts Order, made at the general Court,
As attests, Edward Rawson Secretary.

Again the forementioned couple (Laurence Southick vvith his vvife, and their son) vvere apprehended, and put in Boston pri­son on the third of the tvvelfth moneth, 1657. receiving the infliction of their vvhipping, they themselves not knovving any just cause or lavv they had for their so doing, as it appears by their turning them forth in so short a space, yet prohibited them from staying above one hour in any acquaintances house, al­though they vvere inhabitants in the same jurisdiction, and had lived many years in the Tovvn of Salem, being people vvell knovvn amongst them, of honest and good report.

Also one William Maston, an antient man, an Inhabitant in Boston Colonie, vvas by the Rulers thereof for tvvo small Books vvhich he had, fined ten pound, vvhich they took from him; and in the 8. moneth, 1658. was put in prison for coming to see some friends there, and the Governour commanded the Jaylor to chain him.

This is in short a true Declaration according to vvhat I re­member, and vvhat I have felt by the unjust Rulers of

[Page 67] Boston, in Nevv-England, in the first Moneth, 1658.

After I was convinced by the light of the Lord in me, of the evil of that way of worship I had long lived in, and had turn­ed from it, the cruel spirit in its instruments of cruelty speedi­ly followed me, who brought me to their Court, and entring in with my hat, John Indicot Governour looked upon me, and with great disdain said, Art thou come to this, and command­ed my Hat to be pulled off and proceeded with these words, and the like; thy quakerism will not cleanse thee from thy un­cleanness, and using many such words with a furious spirit un­til I answered him, so many questions were put forth by him and the rest of his company, but I found no freedom to an­swer, but desired them to deal with me according as I had given answer to those Messengers which they had sent to demand questions of me some weeks by past; and that if I had said or done any thing contrary to their Law, they might proceed a­gainst me accordingly; but they said, what I had spoken be­fore to the Constable was nothing to them, I must now give an­swer to what they required of me; I then finding freedom to answer some of their questions, John Indicot asked me what Scripture I had for not putting off my hat, so I mentioned that Scripture which saith, How can ye believe that seek honour one of another; and I desired him to tell me, what it was in him that should require that of me which is opposite to the faith, and said I looked at it to be nothing else but pride in him, further declaring, to whom alone honour doth belong, even to the Lord and his Image in whomsoever it was; but a vile person was to be contemned, and with that he hastily called the Jay­lor to carry me away, saying, I judged them all to be vile per­sons; then after I had been in the Jaylors house about two hours, he came with a Mittimus, wherein he was required to put me into the house of correction, and at my first entrance to be severely whipt, and there kept according to the Law of the quakers, and none suffered to converse with me during the time of my imprisonment, and after I had received the punish­ment of their Law, my wife went to Richard Bellingham depu­ty Governour (she living in part of his house at that time, and he being acquainted with the former condition of my family) [Page 68] she asked him when I should be let out of prison, that I might have liberty to provide for my family, having nothing to main­tain them with, but what we daily laboured for, he answered her to this purpose, That she might set her heart at rest, for I was not like to come forth till I departed the Patent, she asked him why I might not go forth so well as others of the Inhabi­tants, who had their liberty after execution; his answer was, That I had not wherewithal to pay five shillings a week for not coming to their meeting, neither had I a house of my own to go to; then she asked him to let me work on my own work, but it was denied because of the Law (which was four pence out of every shilling he earned to keep him and his family) so my family was left in a suffering condition, and I understanding by my wife, that their wicked purpose was I should be kept per­petually in prison, or else everlasting banishment, chuse me whe­ther; and thereupon they had concluded to take my children to be their servants, and my wife should work for her self, and I continue a slave to the Jaylor, which evill work and intent of theirs brought much trouble upon my wife, and it lay heavy upon me, that I should be so bereaved of my children, and they be kept in slavery to such an inhumane and unreasonable gene­ration, to whom neither I nor mine had done no wrong, nei­ther did they accuse me with the breach of any Law of theirs, so that had it been my self alone that had been to bear their unreasonable stroak, I cannot say but that had been still their slave; so I desired counsel of the Lord what to do in it, and found freedome to depart from thence, their arm of cruelty was so great; and I sent a Writing to the Magistrates, and the Jay­lor brought me word, that if I would be gone the next day out of the Patent, I might depart the Prison; But Richard Belling­ham was not wanting to perswade my wife against me, by evill counsel, and many lies, and before I was put in prison charged her not to hearken to me, but to take his counsel, and not to acquaint me with what he said to her, and after I was gone to seek out a place for my self and family, he lay urging her to dis­own me, and cast me off, saying she should never hear from me more, and what I had done was for that end, that I might be rid of her and my children, and promised her, if she would dis­ovvn [Page 69] own me, and perswade my children to it, she nor my children should not want; two of my children he intended to keep him­self, my son being fit to keep his sheep whom he said he would take from the place vvhere I appointed he should abide, least he should make a prey of him.

William Shattuck.

Mark what Magistrates and Rulers here is, whose wicked en­deavours is to set a mans wife and children at variance against himself. It is said, that where the Law granted a Bill of Di­vorce, the cause was the hardness of the creatures hearts, (and not according to the minde of Moses) but here the cause was not in the couple, I am witness of it, for such was her love that she followed him to Road-Island with her little ones accord­ing to his desire whilst we were there, but in Phar [...]oh was the fault who would have kept both mother and children in bon­dage, making brick, if not a vvorse intent vvere in him towards them; I am perswaded that the same man, hath indeavoured or desired; no less betwixt his own Son and his, if the truth were published, but as for that and this also I leave him to the God of vengeance for his reward.

Again, The Sufferings sustained by Sarah Gibbins and Doro­thy Waugh, they being moved by the measure of God, to visit the seed at Sa [...]em in hosto [...]s Jurisdiction, it being about the thir­teenth of the second moneth, 1658. yet notwithstanding the storms and tempests was great of frost and snow, in which they travelled, and lodged in the wilderness day and night, the sense of which would have taken impression upon any simple heart, through which season they ceased not to travel upwards of sixty miles, which chearfully they passed through to accom­plish the will and work of God, who for their reward brought them beyond expectation to the appointed place, where glad­ly they with their message was received; After which it was required of them by the motion of the same measure, to repair to Boston, and appear at the place of their vvorship, upon the fifth day of the week being called their Lecture-day, where they found them sitting like unto the Sodomites, puffed up in pride, and high-mindedness, and fulness of bread, many eyes was up­on them having been there before: their Serjeants and Offi­cers [Page 70] drawing about them expecting their prey. John Norton Priest being then present and speaking, yet opened they not the [...]r mouths until he had done (although the burden of the Word vvas much upon them) then opened S [...]rah Gibb [...]n [...] her mouth saying, the Bu [...]den of the Word of the Lord to the Inha­bitants of Bo [...]on because of your pr [...]de and oppression the land mourns; in speaking o [...] which words the Serjeant laid hands up­on her, and pulled her down; (was this a noble Act? did he herein shevv forth the spirit of a man? Sure I am that a man of a noble spirit vvould condemn it, and a man of valour or vvorth vvould be ashamed of such a man) then D [...]ro [...]y Waugh spake, bidding them, Fear God, and give glory to his Name, &c. Several other vvords were uttered as they past out of their Synagogue in their way to Prison, multitudes following them; vvhere they two were shut up in a close room, not being suffered to have food for their money; And requiring it of the Jaylor, he answered, That if vve vvould not eat the prison food vve should famish; and then he brought both food and vvork and laid before them, but the Lord put a stop to it that they could not meddle with neither, knowing the wickedness of their wills against which they were called to stand Witnesses, but the jaylor vvould not suffer them to have any for eight days together, but said they should leave their carcasses behind them (mark this expression) yet the Lord pre­served them, and he found a liar. Upon the first of the third moneth they were called to be examined before John Indicot Governor, and Ric [...]ard Bell [...]gham Deputie Governour, and se­veral others vvho wickedly seeking to ensnare them, examined them apart, yet were they preserved in boldness and courage, and carried forth in the manner following: Sarah Gibbins, John Indico [...] asked me if I had not been in those parts before; Answe [...]: It is known already vvhether I was yea or nay; he asked me again, hovv long I had been in their Colonie? I told him it was in my breast how long, but it is like I shall not tell thee; he said he vvould make me tell him before we had done: I asked him why he sought to ensnare me, and my friends that had entertained me, seeing you have made such a Law to op­press them vvhereby to take away their goods, for so doing [Page 71] to hold up your oppression; and the Governour asked us, whe­ther we owned Christ yea or nay? Answ. Yea: He said, D [...] you own him with a humane body sitting at the right hand of God in heaven? Ans. We own no other Christ then he that sits in heaven at the right hand of the Father. Then Rich. Bellingham Deputie Governour asked us, If there is a God? Answ. Yes, there is a God, which is righteous, true, and just in judgment, which will render vengeance on all the workers of iniquity: and your actions are recorded before him, as with a pen of I­ron, and a point of a Diamond, for the cry of the oppressed is entred into the ears of the Lord God of Sabbaths; then like a man of unclean lips, and not one that is fit to sit in the seat of justice, told me, I was a Witch, and said, I spake I knew not what. Answ. I have learned Christ so as to pass through good and evill report; then he asked me, if I was the light which we so often spake of? Answ. I bear witness of Christ the light, which lighteth every ma [...] that cometh into the world; as saith the Scripture. he pressed much on me saying, was I the light? yea or nay; but he was shut out with all his subtilty. John Indicot ask­ed us, Why we came to disturb them in the face of both Town and Country? Answ. Did we disturb? or did you make the di­sturbance in searching and rifling houses six days before we came? Did not fear surprize the Hypocrites? if you were of the elect and elected, and we deceivers, it is impossible that the elect should be deceived; you should have let us been tryed the other day in your meeting before the Town and Country that the deceivers might have been made [...] manifest and truth cleared to the simple: Then John Indicot said he did not send for me to dispute with me, but said, how came you by your Learning? by revelation? Answ. Not by the will of man; then I demanded of him if it were justice or equity we should be kept and not suffered to have food for our money, this being the third day we have been thus kept, and have not eaten one mor­sel of bread; you may all see that God is with us, and that we came well into this Town, several hundreds can witness, and if we perish our blood will fall heavy upon you which are the cause of it; Then [...]hu Indicot said it matters not, but if you will work you shall want for nothing; then I told him that he [Page 72] had taken me from the work that the Lord called me unto, then he said the Lords work! the devils work, and called to the Caolor to take me away: the sentence being past upon us both to be severely whipt, and not spared the second day of the week following, they executed their malice upon us ten stripes a piece, cruelly laid on with a threefold cord, having knots at ends for causing it to tare the flesh, so to torment the creature, which being done we were moved to praise God for his presence, at which the people was astonish­ed; after which vve vvas shut up and the windows stopt whereby to prevent us from the aire, and all manner of re­freshment; & so continued us for the want of paying of fees cer­tain days in vvhich time God wrought their deliverance by one Robert Westcot of Warvvick in the Collony of Road-Iland.

Also Horred Gardiner, a mother of many children, and an inhabitant in. Newport upon Road-Iland, being moved by the measure of God to go on his message unto Weymouth, took with her the youngest babe that fed upon her brest, such a jour­ney that no flesh that had looked upon it with the fleshly eye, could have expected (considering her condition) she could have accomplished, but her faith was made strong through weakness, and according to the will of God finished her testimony at Weymouth in Boston Collony, where the witness in the peo­ple answered unto her words; but the baser sort hurried her a­way the day following, before John Indicot Governor of Bo­ston, who after abusing her with unsavory language, and much threatening committed her and the girle that assisted her to bear her child (Mary Stanton by name, with reviling language) unto the Gaolor where they receive ten stripes a piece with the threefold cord of their covenant; Such a barbarous article of their faith i [...] this, as I have not heard the like, as to whip a woman who bare two babes, sucking the breast at the time, one visible, and the other invsible, who after that execution of this their cruelty, kneeled down saying, The Lord forgive you for you know not what you do; a woman standing by, said, Sure­ly if she had not the spirit of the Lord she could not do this thing; Thus they continued them in prison about fourteen days, not suffering any of their friends to come at them; this [Page 73] and such as this, puts a clear difference and demonstration be­twixt their faith and ours, each faith shewing forth its fruit, the one through travels, tryals, patience and sufferings, mani­festing theirs before the faces of all people; the other through wrath, malice, cruel mockings, reviling language, scourgings and imprisonments manifesting theirs, and whether of these faiths stands in God, seeing there is but one Lord and one faith unto salvation, we leave it unto that of God in all people to judge; this cruelty was acted on them about the eleventh of the third moneth 1658.

A relation of the sufferings of Thomas Harris in Boston.

It came to pass that on the fifteen of the fourth month, 1658. that I with tvvo other friends set forth from Road-Iland to­wards Boston jurisdiction; and on the seventeenth day of the same I came to Boston, and being moved to their meeting house, there I came and stood quietly until the Priest had done speaking, then I spake to the people these words, The Dread­ful terrible day of the Lord God of heaven and earth is coming upon the inhabitants of this Town and Country; then was I pulled out by two men, and soon a man came and put his hand upon my mouth that I should not speak, and another took me by the hair of my head, but when they let me go I spake to the people again, that thty took heed how they joyn with oppres­sors and cruel men, for the Lord God was risen and their co­verings were found to narrow, for their nakedness did appear unto all them that feared God; then they carried me to prison, & after a while had me before the Governor, where was the De­puty-Governor, with several Magistrates and many people, and coming in to the room where the Governor was, he asked me if I knew before whom I was come, I told him yea; Iohn Indi­cot, why do you not put off your hat? Thomas Harris, I do not keep it on in contempt of authority, but in obedience to the Lord, so one pulled off my hat, then the Deputy Governor bid the Marshall bring a pair of shears to cut off my hair, I told him it was against my desire if he did, but he might do what he was permitted, the governor asked from whence I came? Th [...]. Harris, from Providence. Iohn Indicot, from whence there? Tho. Harris from Road Island. Iohn Indicot, what were them [Page 74] that came with you? Tho. Harris It is like I shall not tell thee. Gover. I will make thee tell before thou dost go. Govern The divel hath taught thee a deal of subtilty, and said that we were all divellish blasphemous hereticks (meaning them that were called quakers) T. H. Take heed what thou speaks, as thou will answer it in the dreadful day of the Lord God; it is an easie matter to speak that we are blasphemers and such like in words, but can you prove it or make it appear? the Governor said, you are all such. T. H. it will not serve thy turn in the day of thy ac­count, to say we are all such, Govern. I matter not what thou speaks, why didst thou come here? T. H. In obedience to the Lord; the Governor said, in obedience to the Lord, in obedi­ence to the devil! vvhy didst thou come here to trouble us? T. H. To declare against pride and oppression & men that use cruelty. The Governor asked if he were such a one? Answer yea; the Go­vernor said, wherein do I use cruelty; Answer, in oppressing the innocent: (Dep. Govern) He deserves to be hanged. Again the Dep. Governor prest me to tell him what they were that came with me, and said that there was murder committed that day, and he did not know but we were the men, therefore I should tell him what they were T. H. accuse me if thou canst vvith it, but this vvas false, for there vvas no such thing, neither did they knovv from me at all vvhat they vvere; many more questions vvas asked me, but seeing their intent vvas to en­snare, I vvas kept silent; then sent they me to prison vvithout Warrant or Mittimus, vvhere I vvas shut up in a close room, not any suffered to come unto me, neither could be suffered to buy food for my money; the next morning the Gaolor came unto me to knovv if I vvould vvork, so as to earn him one shilling, and out of it to have four pence in such diet as he vvould give me; then after a vvhile he called me dovvn to be vvhipt, I asked vvhat lavv I had broken, and read it unto me, but he refused, then pulling of my cloaths, brought me to the post vvhere I received ten stripes vvith their thre [...] corded vvhip, then he shut me up again, vvhere he kept me eleven days, not suffering me to buy any thing to eat, meat he brought me, but he vvould not receive money for it, neither should I eat it, ex­cept I vvould vvork (as he said) but at the end of five days I [Page 75] had food conveyed to me in at a vvindovv by a friend in the night season, or otherways by probability I had been starved to death, and in the five days a prisoner conveyed me in a lit­tle water, for which they threatned him, and yet the same day that I was whipt, the Gaolor came to me, and told me that I had suffered what the law required, and if I would hire the Marshal to convey me out of their jurisdiction, I might be gone when I would. Answ. If the doors be set open J know no other but J shall pass, but to hire a guard that J cannot; so on the sixt day before the sixt hour in the morning, the Gaolor because I could not go to work at his will, laid on me twenty two blows with a pitch rope, notwithstanding he had told me that I had suffered what the law required before, and on the ninteenth of the fifth moneth 1658, brought me again to the post with several brethren more, where J received fifteen cruel stripes, as hereafter you will further understand.

Againe William Brend, and William Leddra, who was the two which accompanied the before-mentioned Thomas Har­ris into Boston Pattent; having drawings unto Salem, where they were received, and had several Meetings, with other Service which they did for God in that Colony; but consen­ting to the Simplicity in a plain man, for his satisfaction yeelded to meet with their Minister so called, (Provis [...]) that they might not be insnared, knowing their Law; which was granted unto them by way of promise: which when the said Minister came, brought a Magistrate with him, who after conference togeeher, to cover the condition upon which the Strangers met them, they suffered them to pass away, but before they were gone half a mile, the Magistrate called Capt. Garish by name, pursued them, and forthwith appre­hended them, and caused them to be carried back to Salem, and being brought to their Court there held; by their owne confessing, they found nothing that was evill in them, yet they said they had a Law against such a people, as we owned our selves to be according to that law, they sent us to the house of correction, but being stayed that night and the day follow­ing in that place, they call to question several of our friends for meeting with us, six of which they sent to Boston prison, at [Page 76] that same time, although inhabitants of the same Towns, of which was Law rence Southwick and Cassandra his wife (though aged and of an honest report) and also their son Josiah South­wick (whom in the twelfth moneth 1657. they abused by whipping; this now being the third time of their imprison­ment with stripes) the other three was Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum and Samuel Gaskin; before our departure from Salem the Lord gathered us together, and we had a meeting of friends who passed some part of the way with us, after which giving up our selves to God by prayer & supplication, we were brought to Boston about the sixth hour in the evening of the 2. of the fifth month 1658. being the sixth day of the week, where through the malice of the keeper, we were separated into several rooms, one of which the Gaolor had provided on purpose for us (as he said, to make us bow to the law) he having stopt the windows that he left not a hole for convenient air, neither would he suf­fer any to come at us, but stopt all way of conveyances, as well as common aire and diet; neither would he suffer us to have victuals for our money, but sometimes he brought a few pot­tage and a piece of bread, and we would have given him mo­ney for it, but he said he would have nothing but work for it, but we not being ignorant of his subtilty refused that which he brought (which was very little) and threatening us, said, if we did eat it he would make us work for it; so he kept us lockt up not suffering any food to come at us till the fourth day of the week following, but the second day before he called us down to be whipt, where we two with four of those that came with us, to wit, Samuel Shattock, Joshua Buffum and Samuel Gaskin, with Cassandra Southwick received ten stripes a piece; the o­ther two, to wit, Lawrence Southwick and Josiah his son was re­served for their ears (according to the last clause of their ad­ditional law which before is written as thou may read) after which being lockt up again according to his custom, he told us we were clear paying our fees, and hiring a Marshal to con­vey us, which in conscience we could not do, and so continued upon the third day following, early in the morning he put William Brend into irons, pretending for his not working, one of each thigh, and another about his neck, and lockt them alto­gether [Page 77] with a horse lock, that there was no more room betwixt the irons then the lock allowed, these irons was upon him sixteen hours as the Gaolor confessed the next day in the morning, he came again in the same manner, asking if he had occasion to go down, and coming into a lower room where the mill stood, he haled me towards it, and bid me go to work; which refusing for conscience sake, he took a pitch rope out of his pocket about an inch thick and laid upon me (as he said) as hard as he could upon my back and armes untill his rope untwisted, it was said by the prisoners about twenty blows, so that with them my armes were swelled, being whipt but two dayes before, and being lockt up in the room again; the same day he came with another rope about the same bigness but stronger, and haled me down into the lower room again, and bid me work, which I could not do for all the world, and began to lay on me with his rope again, & like an unreasonable man vvithout compassion laid ninty seven blovvs more on me as hard as he could, and if his strength and rope had not failed he had laid on more, and so at his going a­vvay threatned to give me as many more the next morning; and also the friend that vvas vvith me, so he lockt us up in the room; again, but having been kept from food about five days, and the body being weakened both for want of air and diet, the flesh and blood mixed together with the blows, so that soon after it was laid down upon the boards, the natural strength being much spent, and the life over powred, it was near de­parting from him, so that the cry arose and fear possest the hypocrites and guilt the murderer, so that the prison doors was set open, and all means used by themselves to save life if possible; but by the power of Jesus was he raised up contrary and beyond their expectation; the Governor sent his son & Chyrur­gian to see what might be done, great fear being fallen upon them, but no use was made of them and least they themselves should be called in question, they cast the thing upon their keeper, and although a member of their body, their intent was if danger he should suffer first, the generallity being much af­fected with it, would not be satisfied till they dealt with their brother the keeper for it, for which end the Governor publish­ed a foolish paper, whereby to blind the eyes of the simple, say­ing [Page 78] they would deal with him at their Court; but their chief Priest John Norton taking part with their Judas, and justified him therein, saying that William Brend indeavored to beat their Gospel Ordinances black and blew; and if he was beaten black and blew, it was just upon him, and if they called the Gaolor in question for it, he would appear on his behalf (Mark) if this Gospel of theirs were but a figure, and bring this Pa­stor to his parable, and the by-word used amongst the people, True blew will not st [...]n, but this Gospel of theirs being neither substance nor figure, it will alter its die in to any colour. verily I observed it, the Priests belonging to that office, as was the black­ness of darkness that was over it, so was the habit and cover­ing they were clad with all, and as the grey of the morning appeared, so changed they their coats: First, the black Mo­narchy from the Bishop to the poorest Sir John, that he licenced, set forth all black; as these removed, then the greys appeared the mingled pendant, and the outside washing Anabaptist; thus is the black and blew Gospel beaten with every blow that God gives unto the Kingdom of the devil, and rest he will not untill he have made the black white, and the darkness light before him; and thus of a truth J will seal with my heart, that every peoples condition is according to their colour; therefore let John Norton, and all New England take heed of that Gospel that can be beaten black and blew, for the colour of the coat of Christ is fair and beautiful and changes not.

Again, it came to pass that for six or seven days, a death or a cruel suffering about Boston followed Humphery Norton, the sense of which with the strength of the emnity against the righteous seed with weight of the burden, then upon him, took from him the nourishment and comfort that is in the creatures, and also the refreshment that ariseth from sleep, and rest; laying his load (having freedom so to do) before his beloved brother John Rous, an heir with him of the same promise, and a sufferer with him for the same seed, who willingly took it upon him to draw with me in the same yoak, being sensible of the necessi­ties of our repairing thither, to bear our parts with the prison­ers of hope, which at that time stood bound for the testimony of Jesus, the Word of God, which after our travel day and [Page 79] night to accomplish, we came into Boston the very day follow­ing that William Brend had been laid as one dead with blovvs; and the first relation we had was concerning him, and how they vvas laboring to save his life; an inhabitant of the Town seeing us, being a sober man and not addicted to blood, like the rest, understanding what we were, told Humphrey Norton, he had been expected certain moneths, and wished him if he loved his life to depart, or otherwise he was a dead man; but such was the necessity, that if all that Town had been his, and he would have given it me to depart thence, we could not, for the people lay upon us, the seed lay upon us, and the suffering for which we were appointed vvith the souls of the people; such vvas our load, that beside him that laid it upon us, vvho also took it from us, no flesh nor place could case us, vvho according to his vvill, and in the manner follovviag lead us into it, and through it, it being their lecture day, so called, and also the market for the Country; after the time of their meeting, thither vve re­paired after the hearing of the vvosul sacrifice of the dead, vvhere the earth spake, and the grave uttered her voice, and death fed death through the painted Sepulchre John Norton, and the seed in sorrovv mourned and suffered under it; after the con­clusion of this, Humphery Norton stood up and said, verily this is the sacrifice vvhich the Lord God accepts not, for vvhilest vvith the same spirit, that you sin you preach, and pray and sing, that sacrifice is abomination, such vvas thrir order, that before half of the vvords vvere uttered he vvas haled dovvn, yet uttered vvere they all before they got him forth; that same day in the heat of their fury, they called him vvith John Rous before them in the same place, for vvhich vvords Humphrey Norton (after a long and frivous examination) vvas charged vvith blasphemy, in vvhich time vve required of them either to act according to the Lavv of God, or vvholesome lavv of the English Nation and spare us not; neither of which they would come nigh, whereupon we required of them an appeal, and free­ly would refer our cause to the chief Magistrate, or whom he pleased to appoint, this we did once and again, whereby to leave them without excuse; this they slighted and disregarded the Governor and Deputy with one consent, saying, no ap­pealing [Page 80] to England, no appealing to England, with other words of derision, who forthwith after this sentenced us unto whiping, such is the confusion of their Law, that although their charge was blasphemy, yet they sentenced us for another thing, also tempting John Rous with flattering words seeking to insnare him, which he sleighting and disregarding, savouring the spirit, and knowing the malice and cruel wickedness they had used to­wards others, who then some of them were in bonds by famine and close keeping, laboring to consume or strangle them for want of food and air, some three, four, and five dayes without any manner of food; some eight, nine, and ten dayes without one bit of bread allowed by them or suffered to come at them; thus labouring for their lives, or in the least to cause them to blaspheme, from both which the innocent was preserved: so in the nick of time Iohn Rous in the audience of all the people required of them convenient food for our money, or otherwise if vve perished, our blood be upon them; vvhich there vvas granted, and the javves of their vvicked Lavves all rent and broken: Thus vvere vve coutinued from the fifth untill the se­venth day, being the Jevves Sabbath, they offered us tvvo poor quakers (so called) upon their Altar-stocks, after vvhich tende­red us to depart, if vve vvould hire their Convoy; vvich nei­ther needing it, nor in conscience vve could not do it, vvere continued in prison the Week follovving; such vvas their malice, that they called their council as they said, vvho gave forth an Order for the Whipping of the quakers then in prison, (vvho vvere ten in number) tvvice a Week, the first time with fiftten stripes with their three-fold cord; the second time eigh­teen; and so from time to time to haue three added euery time till further order: [By this Law they might have vvhipt us unto death, and if so, unto the grave, and there also if they had a minde.] We asked for a copy of this Ooder, but vvas de­nyed it, for it vvas our desire to have it, that the variety of lies vherevvith it vvas filled, might have been presented to the vievv of all men: But such is the subtilty of the Serpent among them, that he will keep all he doth as much in darkness as may be, lest being brought to the Light, he should be discovered in the eyes of all, and condemned; So calling us to the execution [Page 81] of the first part of this their later Order, out of ten they choos­ed four vvhereupon to execute their Wrath, to vvit, John Rous, William Leddra, Thomas Harris, (vvhom they had Whipped once before, as vvell as vve, and contrary to Lavv beaten vvith aboue tvventy strokes) Humphrey Norton being the fourth, us four they as barbarously beat, as a cruel man vvould beat his horse; the people beholding, and seeing us so used aboue our old Wounds, the cry against cruelty increased, Sodome vvas troubled, Aegypt vvas affraid, and all old Jerusalem in an up­roar, Blood at that Season, they had sufficient; So that the other six they touched not, though vvillingly they put off their Clothes, and tendered their backs; their adversaries slunk avvay like dogs vvho had ouer-filled themselues vvith Sheeps blood, for vvhich they vvere afraid to be hanged; Who hauing thus satiated their cruell appetites, turned us forth, to their shame and contempt. This vvas one of the main Articles of their Faith, contrary to that command in the Lavv vvhich saith, Thou shale do no murder, (theirs saith, Thou shalt.)

This Cruelty shortly after the former.

Again Nicholas Phelps an Inhabitant of Salem, although a weak man through the infirmities of his body, for not satis­fying their wills was called in question by Daniel Denison and some others, and by them was committed to prison at Ipswitch, and there was whipt three times in five days, because he refused to work for them, which manifests that though a weak body, yet a strong faith, not in the least beanding unto them, and when they could not overcome him by cruelty, the shame and guilt of what they had done lying on them, they went thus to worke, agreeing with a man in the Towne to doe as followeth: On a certain day a man who having had former acquaintance and friendship with him came to Nicholas and had him to his house, and after a while got him to walk with him into his field, and after some space of time spake to Nicholas to this purpose, that he thought that he would bee set at liberty ere long: Nicholas not knowing vvhich vvay it vvould be accomplished; as for to vvork to fulfill their wills, he could not: So after a vvhile the man fell to vvork about a stone vvall, and coming to a stone that he could not lift, [Page 82] it vvas so big, Nicholas (being charitable) assisted him to lift the stone, and lay it in the place vvhere it should lie, for vvhich doing he vvas released, because hee did something that they called vvork, although it did not tend any thing to the fulfilling of their Law, but herein doth the hypocri­sie of their Magistrates appear.

Again it came to pass, that we two Christopher Holder and John Copeland, being moved by the Lord to go to Boston, set forth thitherwards on the third of the sixth moneth 1658. and the same day came to a town in that Jurisdiction called. Dedham; it being neer evening, we turned into the Ordi­nary, where we lodged that night, and early on the morn­ing there came two Constables, with some others, and de­manded of us, Whither we were going? Our answer was, We were passing towards Boston; then they said, they had a Warrant to have us to Boston before the Magistrates; then we required to see it, but they would not shew it to us; so after some hours, one Constable and two men with him, had us to Boston, and brought us to the Governors house, who when he saw us, being perplexed in spirit, said in a rage, You shall be sure to have your ears cut off: Then he asked us our names; so we told him: then he said, We had been here twice before, and said, What? you remain in the same opinion you was before: Answer, We remain in the fear of the Lord; He said, you can speak never a trne Word; and further said, He looked upon it to be a great judgement of God to them, that we were suffered to come so oft amongst them to trouble them, and said, We were the worst Here­ticks that ever he heard or read of; and asked us, Why wee came? seeing we knew they would not receive us: Ans. The Lord God hath commanded us, and we could not but com; then he said, the Lord command you to com? it vvas the Devil; & urged us to prove our Cal by the Scriptures: we answered, our names are not vvritten in the Scriptures; he said, he did believe we spake true; for your names is not written in the Scriptures; and he further said, I [...] vvas something if vvee could make it appear that vve vvere sent of God: We an­svvered, That vvhil he stood in unbelief, though vve spake never so plain to him, yet he vvould not believe; then one [Page 83] Nathaniel Williams standing by, spake to this to this effect; Seeing vve knevv that they vvould not believe us, it must needs bee out of malice that vve came: Ansvver, The Lord God vvho searcheth all hearts, knovves that vve came not in malice; then the Governor asked us, Whether vve did believe Christs Body vvas in Heaven? We ansvvered, Wee knovv that his Body is in heaven; Then he said, he vvould set Humphrey Norton on our backs, for he vvould not say so, (vvhich thing is false concerning Humphrey Norton:) So after some other vvords, he sent for the Goalor, and bid him take us avvay, saying, You shall hear from us to morrovv; so hee had us avvay, and put us in the house of Correction, (as they call it, but vve knovv it to be the house of Oppression) and on the morrovv, being the sift day, they had a Court, before vvhich vve vvere brought; and when we came before them, they caused our hats to be pulled off, and thrown on the ground; then the Gouernor said, You were before me ye­sterday, and I asked you to prove your Call hither, but you did not, because you said I would not believe you; there­fore I aske you to prove it before this people, and it may be they will believe you; then we asked if they would belieue us when we spake the truth? The Gouernor said, Yes, if you proue it by Scripture; We answered as before, to prove our Call hither by express words of Scripture, that we cannot; because our names (neither this place) is not mentioned in Scripture; but that wee have examples in the Scriptures from the Prophets and Apostles, who in obedience to the Lord travelled from place to place as we do, that wee can prove: Then John Indicot Gouernor, laughed and said, Are you Prophets and Apostles? Then he asked, Whether we did belieue that Christ had a Body in heauen distinct from the bodies of his members? Ans. That Christs body is diuided from his members, that we do not belieue; then he said to the people they mean his Mystical Body; then we said, we know no such word in Scripture as Mysticall, and put him to proue by the Scripture, that Christ hath two bo­dies; then another man stood up and asked us, Whether we did not belieue that Christ had a body in heauen made of [Page 84] sinews, flesh and bone, distinct from the bodies of his mem­bers? Then we asked what the bodie of the members of Christ is? To which they gaue no answer; but asked us some other questions: but we seeing they sought to insuare us, said to them, It is best for us to be silent; for you ask que­stions for nothing but to insnare us, for you will not be sa­tisfied with any answer: Then the Gouernor said, Sure e­nough we do seek to insnare yon; then the Secretary spake to this effect, These men haue been here twice before, and hath receiued the Law, and was sent out of this Jurisdicti­on, and now is come the third time to sowe their damnable Heresies, and to infect the hearts of this people with their poysonous Doctrines; and wrote an Order, and deliuered it to the Gouernor, who deliuered it to the Goalor, and bid him take us away, and keep us according to his Order; So he had us to the same house again, and the next morning the Goalor came to us, and asked us to work; then we re­quired to see his Order; so he shewed it to us, which was to this effect:

To the Keeper of the House of Correction.

You are by vertue hereof, required to take into your custody the bodies of Christopher Holder and John Copeland, and them safely keep close to work with prisone [...]s dyet onely, till their ears be cut off, and not suffer them to converse with any while they are in your custody.

Edward Rawson, Secretary:

Then he asked us again to work, and said as you are ratio­all men, I would wish you not put your bodies to so much suf­fering, saying he had an order to have us whipt twice a week if we would not work, and shewed us the order that was made for the other friends, whereby four of them ten ws whipt, contrary to their Law; but we gave them no answer at that time; then he said he would give us time to consider of it till noon; so some hours after he came to us againe, and asked us as before; then we answered, that we were shut up, and were [Page 85] not at liberty to work; then he pulled us and shut us up where the work was, where he kept us till evening, and then had us into the common Goale; and in the morning had us down a­gain where the work was, and said he would keep us there till our backs was slasht; so he set us bread and pottage by the work, but we had no freedome to meddle with either. So at e­vening we were had in the common-goal again, where we were shut up in a close room, in which place we remained eight dayes, they not knowing of any thing that we eat; then the Goalors wife came to us, and said, If you will have milk, you may have it bought for you, and if we would have beer, wee might buy it of her; so from that time the other friends which were in the house of Correction, were suffered to put into us at a window what we wanted.

Sometime after Christopher Holder and John Copeland was put into prison, I John Rous was commanded of the Lord to go to Boston also; and as way was made, according to the Will of God I prepared to go thitherwards; and on the 25. of the 6 moneth, 1658. in the evening I came to Boston, and after I had got the horse I rode on set up in a stable at an Inne, I went into the house, and after some stay there, I being not desirous to be a snare to any man, I declared who I was to the man of the house, who fetcht, the Marshal, and he had me to the Governors house, and when I was brought before the Governor, he came towards me in a lofty manner, and said, Put off thy hat; I answered, I cannot; so my hat at his commandment was taken off: Then the Governor asked me, Why I came to this Town? I said, To visit my friends in prison, and if I may have liberty, (if they want any thing) to minister to their necessities; he answered, in derision, That is a charitable Deed; Why did not Humphrey Norton come? I replied, Thou had best ask him the next time thou seest him; He asked me, Whether I had any Letters? To vvhich I vvas silent; so he bid the Marshall search mee, vvho did according to his command; and the Governor took seve­rall Papers out of my Letter-Case, and kept them; and after some questions about the Bodie of Christ, to vvhich I ansvvered him according to the Scriptures; and after telling mee, That this is no nevv thing that we held; and said, If he had time, he [Page 86] would shew me out of Books which he had in his house, That severall Hereticks before us held the same opinion; To which I answered little, knowing that the Spirit of God is pure from all Heresie, whatsoever men who are blind may say of it: Then he bid the Marshal have me to prison; the which was done with­out Warrant or Mittimus that I did see or hear of.

On the seven of the seventh moneth, we three was sent for from the prison before the Court of Assistants held at Boston, who when we came, commanded our hats to be taken off; the which being done, after some time of silence, the Goalor asked us one by one, Whether wee knew the Law against quakers? Then we answered, We knew their Law. Then he asked, Why we came thither? We answered, The Lord God, whose Law is just and equal, required it of us to come, and in obedience to him we came. Then one called Major Denison asked us, Whe­ther every man is not Master of his own house? We answered, The Lord God is Master of Heaven and Earth, and he can send whither he will, and whom he will. Then the Governor said, Were you not here before, & sent away, & now are come again? To which Richard Bellingham added, In contempt of Authori­ty. We answered, Amos must prophesie at Bethel, although he be forbidden. Then Major Denison said, If a man should fore­warn another man from coming into his house, and should stand with a pike or sword at his door, and yet for all this, the other should attempt to come in, and should be slain, Would not this mans blood be upon his own head? Answer, If the Lord sent a man to such a mans house to forewarn him, or any in his house to repent of the Judgement that was to come; if that man was slain, he was innocent in the sight of God, and had cleared his conscience twards the man, and his blood would be upon his head that slew him: Then some words passed be­tween us, wherein the Governor was called by his name; then Major Denison spake to this effect, that it was not fit for us to call him by his name, for he hath another name by which he is known, The Governor of Massathusets Bay. Reply, Thou mightst have shewed more wisdome; for his name is John Indi­cot, and mens names is given them to be called by. Then they spake something of our not putting off our hats, and brought [Page 87] several places of Scripture, whereby they pleaded for respect to their persons: We answered, He that respects persons commits sin; Then one of them said, That is in Judgment. Reply. Are ye not in Judgment? Why then do you plead for it? Wee further said, If you be Magistrates of God, speake in the Ma­jesty of God. The Governor answered, We do I hope: Reply. Nay; for thou dost often laugh: The Governor asked, Whe­ther Laughter is not lawful? Ans. Not such laughter as thou useft. The Governor asked, What is the honor you would have given to men? Ans. Love is the honor which is due unto all men: And further said, How can you believe which seek honor one of another? If you were believers you would not seek it. Then Major Denison spake to this purpose, That it might be igno­rant people might wonder, that they kept so much ado about the putting off the hat, and seeking honour to their persons, but therein lies the ground of contempt of Authority; we put them to prove that ever any Magistrats that are spoken of in Scripture required any to put off their Hats; then the Governor said you cannot prove it by Scripture that any did wear Hats, the which was proved false, for Dan 3 21. was brought by us, where it is said, These men were bound in their coats, their hosen, and their hats; then he said there was no such word there as Hat, we took forth a Bible, and read it to them, then they said it was mis­translated; vve said, If the Scriptures be mis-translated how can they be taken for a rule; the Governour replyed, some vvas and some vvas not: Then Major Denison stood up being about to speak, so the Governour made way for him saying to the deputie Governour, (who vvas casting forth a flood of false accusations against us) I pray let the Major speak, vvho having audience spake to this purpose; You say you own Governours and Magistrates such as are set up by God, but you say that all the Rulers and Magistrates that are now in the World, are the powers of the World, and the powers o [...] darkness, and you are Judah; and because the government is to come out of Judah, therefore the ten Tribes of Israel are [...]ff [...]nded and divided a­gainst Judah, the Tribes of the Presbyterians, the Indepen­dents and Prelates, &c. All these are against the quakers, so Manasses is against Ephraim, and Ephraim is against Mana [...]es, [Page 88] and both against Judah, and you say you shall reign, but we are the stronger, and so look to your selves. Answ. (Mark Reader, vvhat this mighty man hath profited by his speech) you have not heard any of us say so, but the Lord is stronger then all and he shall reign; so one of them vvas saying, That we vvere deceived and deluded; vve said, if we were deluded and out of the way you had more need pity us, and not do as you do; then one of them said, We pitie you vvhile vve punish you; vve ansvvered, That is as if a man should set a Dog on a Sheep, and be sorry for it vvhile he is doing it; after some more vvords they called us bold Boyes and Blasphemers: The Governour said, You come in a shevv of love and humility and the spirit of meekness, but you are such as Christ spake of, who have outvvardly sheeps clothing, but inwardly are ravening Wolves. Answ. Christ there spake of a people very like your selves. After this the Governour made a Speech to us, and said, He spoke from heaven, but vve vvould not beleeve him. Answ. Nay, vve do not beleeve thee; so after some other vvords he bid the Jaylor take us avvay, the vvhich he did; this being the substance of vvhat past betvvixt us at that time, fo neer as vvas remembred.

Again on the tenth day we vvere called before the Court, and when we came, our hats were pulled off as before; then Richard Bellingham deputie Governor stood up and spake to this effect: These men have been here formerly, and have been sent away, and though they knew the Law, yet are they come again in contempt to revile Magistrates and Ministers, and to break all Order in Churches, and to deceive the people, and so what­ever comes upon you, whether loss of ears or loss of life, your blood be upon your own heads. To which we replyed, you heap false accusations upon us, and God will heap his judg­ments on your heads; and if we suffer loss of members, or loss of life your blood will be required at your hands, for the Lord hath sent us hither: To which the Governour replyed, Prove that, and said, Christs Messengers were to pray for them that persecuted them; but you curse us, and prophesie judgments to us. Answ. We have not done any thing since we came hi­ther, that deserves the spilling of one drop of our blood; Then [Page 89] the Governor said, you are greater enemies to us then those that come openly, for you come under the pretence of peace to poison the people; to which one of us said, It grieves me to hear thee speak so many false things. Then they urged us to prove that we were sent of God; for the same things that Christ said should be done to his Disciples by those that are contrary to him, have ye done unto us a whipping, &c. Then Major Denison said, Then evil doers that are whipt suffer for Christ. To which John R [...]us replied, if we vvere evill doers the judgments of God vvould be heavier on us then that which we suffer by you; but not being evil doers we have the peace of God, and his peace keepeth us above all sufferings; to which Major Denison replyed, Master Rou [...] (for so I may call, you having heard that your father is a Gentleman) what Judgment do you look for greater then is upon you, then to be driven from your father house, and to run about here as a Vagabond with a company of Seducers; except you look for a halter, or to be struck with a thunder-bolt? To which John Rous answered, I vvas not driven from my fathers house, but in obedience to the Lord I left it, and when the Lord shall clear me of this Land, I shall return to it. Again, then the Governor called to the Secretary to read the Law which concerned us three; so he read the latter part which was to this purpose, That for coming again, having once suffered the Law, we should have each of us an ear cut off; After the Law was read, the Governour did, as he often doth, speak very lightly, and uttered several words in derision, the vvhich we seeing said, More gravity vvould be­come you; To which he replyed, Do you come to reprove us? and another of them said if you should speak thus in any other Country, they would take you and hang you up presently for this, to reprove Magistrates in the face of the Country, doth plainly tend to sedition; the Governour spake in derision, and said, I know you come to reprove a proud and sinful people; then vve asked whether he would say they were not a sinful people? he ansvvered, we will not say so, though you say you are not. Answer. Then if a sinful people, may not a sinful peo­ple be warned to Repentance? So the Governour and Secre­tary called to the Marshal to have him gag Christopher Holder; [Page 90] then we asked vvhether we were not called hither to speak, as vvell as to be spoken to? the Governour said Yes, vvhen vve give you leave; then after some more vvords, Major Denison said, if you could shevv your Commission to us as plain as vve can shevv to you that you are evill doers in transgressing our Lavv, it vvas something. Answ. Whether you vvill beleeve us or not, from the Lord we have received a command, and his Spirit is our Commission; then the Governour said, They have nothing to prove it by but by the Spirit which is within them, and that is the Divel; we replyed and said, Take heed of blas­pheming the Spirit; he said, vve came in contempt; we reply­ed, The Lord God who knows the hearts and reins of all men judge betvven us and you, whether we came in contempt; and some other vvords we spake to them concerning their Law; and said, We have seen some of your Laws that have had many Scriptures in the Margent: but what Examples have you in the Scriptures for cutting off ears, the Governour said, vvhat Scri­pture is there for hanging? then Major Denison said in way of derision, yes, they would be crucified; then they hastened the Governour to dispatch us quickly, who spake to Edward Rawson again to read the Law to us three, who called us by our names, and as he was going to read the Law again, the Governour and Magistrates whispered together, and while we were expecting to hear the Law read again, the Governour turned suddenly about, and in great bitterness passed his sentence on us three in these words: It is the sentence of the Court, That you thrée all have each of you his right ear cut off by the Hangman; then we seeing their unjust proceedings against us, and that they vvere both our accusers and Judges, and vvould not permit us to speak for our selves, as vve ought, but cryed out for to have us silent, and to gag us if vve vvould not, vve vvere stirred in spirit to appeal to the chief Magistrate of the Common-vvealth of England, and to have our cause tryed and judged by him; but they made a light thing of it, and hastened the Keeper to have us avvay; the vvhich he did, and put us into the common Prison again, So this is the sum of vvhat passed betvveen us the second time we were before them, as neer as we can re­member.

[Page 91] The same day was Laurence Southwick, and Cassandra his wife, and Josiah Southwick their Son inhabitants of Salem, who have been imprisoned in the house of correction twelve weeks, by reason of which restraint from their house and families, their outward estate is much wasted, it being in the time of Harvest, where they lost a Meddow for want of reaping, wherein former­ly they have had twenty load of hay, for want of which, their cattel they must either put to slaughter, or otherwise perish, if God provide not, seeing the enmity of their adversaries hath destroyed that which they had provided, by detaining them un­der the oppression of their unrighteous wills; and yet cannot be proved against them the breach of any Law which is accord­ing to Scripture, as the Reader may plainly see when he reads their Examinations, who being before them, began with them on this manner: This man was a Member, and this woman was a Member; to which Laurence replyed, that he had been a Member within this year; and the reason why they gave me admonition was, because I entertained two men in my house; they answered, they were Quakers: he answered it was Chri­stopher Holder, and John Copeland, and my soul closed with every thing they held forth; at which they made a scorn, and said they thought so; then Josiah asked, what errour they held, they said that they did believe and hold forth, That there was that in every man, that if he would he might be saved by it; to which Iosiah replyed, that there vvas power in no mans will to save himself; then Iosiah called to the Magistrates that they would declare to the people what their sin vvas, they said you deny Magistrates and Ministers Reply. nothing of God in them we deny; and said you hold forth, a man vvas to keep his own house; vvhy then should we be driven out of our own houses, but to that they gave them no answer, but haftened away to their dinner; so the Jaylor had them away, and put them into the house of correction again; and the next day Laurence, and Io­siah his Son sent a Paper to the Magistrates in which they desi­red that they might have some time of liberty to go home and set things in order, and to pay some debts which they owed, be­ing desirous that every man should have his due; which thing they denied them shewing plainly that their intent was to rui­nate [Page 92] them, who set a Bond for them to sign: A Copie of which is as followeth:

We Laurence Southwick, and Cassandra Southwick, and Josiah Southwick, do bind our selves jointly and severally in the sum of 40. l. to the Treasurer of the Countrey; the Condition is, That we, and every one of us will forthwith depart the Iu­risdiction of the Massathusets, or that We, or any one of us shall publish or maintain any of the Diabolical Opinious of the Qua­kers, or entertain any of that Sect that resort unto us from o­ther parts.

The end of this Bond being considered, and that being signed it would prove a Snare to them; for according to it they either must leave what by hard labor they have gotten, & go where they have nothing, or else be bound to speak no­thing of God, or if they do, if it be contrary to the minds of them unto whom they should be bound, (though not con­trary to the Scripture) they would straightwayes be made offendors; so they chuse rather to suffer both in body and e­state, then to have their consciences bound to do that which is against the law of God; and let him that is honest hearted judge whether this is not oppression.

So on the 16. of the 7. Month, the Marshals Deputy, with a company of blood-thirsty men, came to the prison where we were, and when they had let in so many as they would, (who came as if they came to a sport) they made fast the door, and did not suster any friend to come in, though some did much press for it, especially one friend of Providence, Katherine Scot by Name, who was drawn by the Lord to come for to bear witness against their cruelty at the time of their execu­ting of it upon us; for the wch she also is imprisoned: So when they had made the door fast, the Marshal came into the room where we were, and some others with him, and read an Or­der, which was to this effect:

To the Marshal General, or his Deputy:

You are to take with you the Executioner, [...] repair to the [Page 93] house of Correction, and there see him cut off the right ears of John Copeland, Christopher Holder, and John Rous, Qua­kers, in execution of the Sentence of the Court of Assistance, for the breach of the Law titled Quakers.

Edward Rawson Secretary.

Reader, thou mayest take notice that this was their Bill, and all the Charge they laid against us; for we had done no evil: So they had us forth into another room where was more light; then John Rous said to the Marshal, We have ap­pealed to the chief Magistrate of England; he said, he had no­thing to do with that; then Christopher Holder said, Such Ex­ectution as this did use to be done publikely, and not in pri­vate; one that stood by replyed, We do it in private to keep you from tatling. So the Executioner took Chistophor Holder, and when he had turned aside his hair, and was going to cut off his eare, the Marshal being of a cowardly spi­rit, turned his backe on him, because he would not see it done; the which John Rous taking notice of, said, Nay, turn about, and see it done, (for so was his order) so in the strength of God we suffered joyfully, having freely given up not onely one member, but all (if the Lord so re­quired) for the sealing of our testimony which the Lord hath given us to finish, and said these words, They that do it igno­rantly, we do desire from our hearts the Lord to forgive them; but for them that do it maliciously, let our blood be upon their heads; and such shall know in the day of account, that every one of these drops of our blood shall be as heavy upon them as a Milstone. So when they had done their bloody Work, they slunck away as a dog when he hath sucked the blood of a Lamb, and is dis­covered.

So here is a Declaration of the dealings of these men who account themselves members of Christ, and the Church of God; but let that of God in all judge whether these be the fruits of the members of Christ; Did Christ ever do so? Or did he leave any Precept that his servants should do so? Or rather did he not rebuke Peter for being too forward when he [Page 94] smote the High Priest's servant, & cut off his right ear? Did he not tell him, They that take the sword, shall perish with the sword? And doth not the Scripture say, He that sheds mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed; and know this, that there is nothing defileth a land or people more then the shedding of innocent blood; and nothing brings down the judgments of God sooner on a People or Nation, then the cry of innocent blood; therefore let not such call themselves the Church of God, for God hath no union nor fellowship with such that acteth violence, and gather themselves together, and con­demn the innocent blood; as saith the Scriptures; shall the Throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee which [...]rameth mischief by a Law? They gather themselves together against the souls of the Righteous, and condemns the innnocent blood: Let all sober people judge whether these people are not so, who hath shed our blood, against whom they could prove no evil either in word or action, only the breach of their Law which they have made mischievously to ensnare the innocent; but it is that they may be made manifest to be of that generation that condemned Christ, saying, We have a Law, and by our Law he ought to dye: But our desire is, that all in whom the Seed of God is, may be kept clear from the guilt of innocent blood, that so they may be hid in the day of the fierce Wrath of the Almighty God: For behold, The Lord cometh out of his place to punish the Inhabitants of the Earth for their iniquity, the Earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.

We are Witnesses of it, who suffers for the Truths sake by the corrupt wills of men, for keeping the Commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus, the truth of which shall be witnessed in the day when the righteous judgements of God shall be made manifest, when all things shall be tryed by fire, even the day shall declare it.

[Page 95] Christopher Holder, John Rous, John Copeland.

We are the three that sustained this abuse, who the truth of this their action doth declare unto all, that though their Law, Sentence and Order, be to cut off the Ear, yet have they made them a lye, for they have not taken away the sixt part of our Ears; but the member they have defaced and abused, which God had formed and made. This and all other of our sufferings in Boston Collony, hath been done in private, by which all may easily judge what sort of people these are whose actions are thus plainly demonstrated.

Again, Katherine Scot, an Inhabitant of Providence in the same land, a Woman of good report, (as these her adversa­ries could not but in some measure confess) having lived with an husband the space of twenty years in that Country, no people in that nature more circumspect and blameless, seeking God in the sincerity of their hearts, in every likeness whereinsoever he appeared, so fraid were they to miss of him, and so ready to fulfil that Scripture, Try all things, and hold fast that which is good; which when that which is good came, full ready were they to receive it, and those who brought it, not accounting any thing they had too good wherewithall to assist the Lord and his Servants, for which they lost not their reward; for the power of God took place in all their children, small and great, so far as capacity could receive it, which may amount to eight or nine: And God trying the faith of this his servant, who being both grave in years, and Mother of so many children, yea, and the Wife of a tender Husband, full readily and willingly left she all to do the Will of God, knowing that they who do it not, are not worthy of him; Who being called unto Boston, and accordingly by the hand of God brought thither upon the 16. of the 7. Month 1658. who coming to the prison when the Hangman & some others were going to execute the cruelty upon the afore­mentioned sufferers, (to wit) Christopher Holder, John Rous, John Copeland, whom she witnessed that the Lord of his large love had sent to gather his scattered seed, (which had been [Page 96] scattered and driven away in the gloomy day of Antichrists night) being strongly pressed in her spirit to visit them in the time of their sufferings, and to bear forth her testimony a­gainst their cruel and barbarous dealings, pressed towards the door amongst other people, but by the violence of the Wicked was not suffered to enter, who thereupon uttered these following Words, saying, It was evident they were going to act the works of darkness, or else they would have brought them forth publikely, and have declared their offence, that others might hear and fear: With several other Words, declaring them and their cruelty to be worse and more barbarous then the Do­ctors and Bishops; This doing all the while their ears were cutting; Which Testimony of hers a man of a sober spirit received; and after some time standing patiently to hear one of the prisoners minister after they had executed their ma­lice, where standing, the Marshal came and pulled her down, and said that she might go before the Governor: This he did, leading her away, although he had been her brothers servant; who bringing her before the Court held for the 4. united Col­lonies, so called; the Governor asked her why she came there. Ans. To witness against the cruel spirit that so abuses Gods faithful Servants and Messengers whom he hath sent so often amongst you. He said, What are they, Apostles or Messengers? Answ. Yea, I have found them so to me. He said, We will witness against your railing spirit. Ans. I deny all railing, and have spoken nothing but the Words of Truth and so­berness. He then called for Witness, but there appeared none. The Governor asked if she did not write to him. Ans. Dost thou know me? If thou dost know me, and will own it, I did write to thee three times in love to thy soul, that thou might see the wickedness of thy Ways, and return from it. He said, She is an old Quaker, take her away; yet he said, Why did you come here seeing, you had written? Ans. If Writing would have discharged me, I had not come. But why did you com from Providence into this jurisdiction? A. Art not thou my fellow-creature? Did not that God that made thee, make me? And hath he not given me as good right to breath in his air, and tread upon his Earth, as any of you? He said, Take her [Page 97] away till further Order. Ans. The Lord look upon you, and open your blind eyes, and soften your hard hearts; so taking her away to the prison, where she was continued until the 1. of the 8. Month, 1658. Then being brought to a private Court, they asked her, Wherefore she came into these parts, saying her abode was at Providence, where for ought we know you have led a blameless life? Ans. as before, To bear witness against your cruel spirits: With more such like queries and answers. Then one asked what I had to do to come into their ground. Ans. You take too much upon you, you Magi­strates, more then ever God gave you: Then they cryed out, She had too much tongue; the Secretaries learned speech, (One who is a learned persecutor in the Book of Damascus, envious and malicious, hating that which is good) you have a Family at Providence. Ans. Yea, which I highly prize. He said, If I should come into your ground, and into your house, and eat of your meat, and drink of your drink whether you would or no, though you should say I should say I should not, do you think this were well? Ans. Did I come into any of your hou­ses, and eat any of your bread? Nay not into the Houses of my near Relations against their minds, or by force; but if I should make such a Resolution against thee or any one, that thou shouldst never come within my house or ground upon no occasion whatsoever, although thou were my bitterest E­nemy, I should shew a dogged wicked spirit, contrary to the Spirit of Jesus. Then they stopped me, complaining of my Words; then one said, There is like to be a Law to hang you, if you come again into these parts. Ans. If God call us, wo be to us if we come not; and I question not but he whom we love, will make us not to count our lives dear unto our selves. He said, VVe shall be as ready to take away your lives, as you shall be to lay them down: Mark Reader, how learned their answers is. She said, Alas for your blindness! that Di [...] ­bolical spirit that worketh in you, hath led all the persecu­tors in all ages to kill the Saints. Another stood by, and said he knew my Father, and called him Master Morbury, and said he was sorry that I should turn Quaker in my old age. Ans. Here is none here but I think is as old as I, and it is time for [Page 98] you all to look after the things which belongs unto your peace; I have trod all your steps—But here again they stopt me: Then they put forth many more queries, whereby to ensuare me: The answer was, I shall believe nothing, nor af­firm nothing but what the Scripture speaks of. So the Goa­ler returned her back to the prison from whence she was brought, and the next day brought her to the VVhipping­post, (their Altar) upon which being offered, she received ten stripes with their threefold Whip, which being unfolded a­mounts to thirty; which when they had done, the Goaler told her she might go forth paying her Fees. Ans. If I might go forth for two pence, I am not free, though I dye here.

Katherine Scot.

This ancient and honorable woman (as she is in God, so she is) thus they used, (although she and her Kinsfolk be of no small repute amongst men) whose saithfulness (Reader) thou mayst understand, wrought no less then this effect; for as all other sufferings in the same sort produceth no less but the same effect, (to wit) the releasement and enlargement of many prisoners that are opprest; so did this it's full part, there being these three whose Ears the Adversaries had abused, and they themselves detained for the non-payment of fees, which in conscience they could not do; she left them not un­til through her the Lord God wrought the releasement of them all; so what God did by her, for her, and through her, and them that loved her in that place, let them take their re­ward into their own bosoms, which shall remain to their peace and renown for ever: Besides all this, her testimony she finished against that cruel spirit that rules amongst them, as she had great cause so to do, her own sister (who lived amongst them, and had seen the end and emptiness of all their Cere­monies) Anne Hutchinson by Name, whom they banished from our of their Coasts, and her children coming to visit their kindred, were imprisoned a great part of a bitter Win­ter, vvherein the vvas banished upon pain of death, which camed them to go amongst the Dutch to settle, where she and her family was cruelly murdered by the Indians, the sense [Page 99] vvhereof hath pierced me to the heart; so that I have said, Surely God vvill take vengeance for these things, for vvhose blood God vvill make inquisition, and in that day you vvill be found guilty, and it required at your hands vvith a Voice more loud then all the rest of your crying sins for vvhich ye must account, ye bloody hypocrites. And thus may all that reads, see hovv ancient these bloody Articles of these Pro­fessors Faith is. So on the 7. of the 8. Month, 1658. the four before mentioned vvas set a liberty.

Again upon the 29. of the 7. Month, 1658. The Constable by vertue of a Warrent sent from Ipswitch Court, came and vvarned us three, Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, and Io­shua Buffum, to appear before the Court at Ipswitch, vvho upon sight of the Warrant, was free thereunto, and on the next day by the Constable and one more, we were had to Ips­witch; so the Court called for us; then going in vvith our hats on, commandment vvas given to pull off our hats, which accordingly they did; some Words was then spoken about the Hat, but we answered not, waiting for what they had to accuse us of; then there was given them a paper with our Names, and some others, for not coming to their meeting, and meeting together contrary to such a Law as they have; but we said little to it; they laid contempt of Authority to our charge, because we did not put off our hats, the which we wholly disowned, and said, If it were our manner to do it unto others, and deny it to you, it might be then so said. It was said by them, God will have Magistrates to be honored, but you deny it; and Simon Broadstreet (a Magistrate) said, I believe you deny us to be Magistrates, and this Court to be a Court. Ans. We own the Court to be a Court, and that you are Magistrates chosen by the Countrey; and said, Honor lies not in the Hat; for a King may be honored by his Subjects, when it may be thousands of them have not seen him to put off their Hats to him. William Hathorn to prove Samuel Sh [...]t­tock one that contemned Authority, said he denyed training in a Writing to him, beginning thus, Be it known to the, we will not follow thee in training. Then Sam. Shattock brought the Words as they were written, [We cannot.] We waited for a fit time [Page 100] for our Cause to be heard, that at last that might appear to the people from our own mouths, which they wanted evi­dence to prove. Simon Broadstreet began to put questions to us concerning three persons, and Christs body; We desired liberty to speak to them in the audience of the people, and were glad that we had such an opportunity; for at Salem Court some of us were sent to Boston, and there sufferers; but what we were accused of, we knew not, till after we saw the Mittimus, in which we were called Quakers, and had not an opportunity to speak with them that sent us, until now; and finding the Law was made against a cursed Sect of Hereticks that speak and write blasphemous Heresies, and held Diabo­lical Opinions, we found that we were wrong'd; for no questi­on concerning religion was put to us, to try whether we were such; they answered, You did appear such by your hats, & company, and if we have done you wrong you may appeal, so we desired to appeal to the general Court: They said you must do it by Pe­tition; we declared against the unrighteousness of their pro­ceedings; they asked, Whether they should sit in Judgment a­gainst themselves; and said, We will rise up, and you shall sit down in our places, and Judge us: (here is a loud lie told in open Court) Answ. We desire but justice to be done, and a fair trial according to Law; they answered, You appear to be such by your Hats; we desired that it might be recorded, that we were thus punished for not putting off our Hats, and demanded evidences to prove that vve vvere such blasphemous Hereticks as hold Diabolical opinions; they ansvvered, you own such as doe: We spake to them again to bring Evidences that we were such as the Law speaks off, but none was brought, yet they put some questions to us, we said we are not afraid, nor a­shamed to declare what we hold, if we might have a fair hear­ing tryal, vvithout which we shall not answer; then Daniel De­nison put some questions to us, the which we refused to answer, and said vve vvill not be yea and nay, when we savv that he vvent subtilly to vvork, by questions about three persons, con­cluding that if vve vvould not ansvver the contrary, they vvould all conclude vve did deny it, and were blasphemous; vve desi­red to be tryed according to the Lavv, by a Jury of tvvelve [Page 101] men, and have evidences brought against us; and said that it vvas most unjust for the Magistrates to be our accusers and judges both, for upon that account they might as vvell accuse us of Sodomie or murther, or any other crime, and execute the Law causelesly upon us; Daniel Denison in derision told us, You have léft being Doctors of Divinity, and now are become Lawyers; and your words are very plausible to take with the people, as if you were such righteous persons, and we have done you wrong, but you are such as the Law expresses, or else you should clear your selves; (Mark this is Tertullus their Orator whose words are as smooth as oil; but the poison Aspes is un­der his tongue) our Answer was, It is not mercy that we desire of you, but justice according to the rigour of your own Law; and if you can prove us justly to be such, as hold Diabolical opinions, let the rigour of the Law be executed upon us; so with­out answering us, we vvere put into the Constables hand, and the Court rose; and when they sate again, they called for us, and proceeded to their sentence, which was this; Samuel Shat­tock and Nicholas Phelps vvas taken twice at a private meeting, ten shillings, and for absence from the publike meeting ten shillings a piece, as they said is 30 s a piece; and Joshua Buffum was once taken at a private meeting, for which he was to pay 15 s. And for being quakers we were sentenced to be commit­ted to the house of Correction there to answer the Law; (com­pare this Reader with the account they were released on, and you will sufficiently see their Judges confusion) so when sen­tence was given, we were denied any more speech, then we de­sired that all the people would take notice, that we could not have Justice done us (for we were sent to the house of oppressi­on;) and within half an hour the whipper was brought at the beginning of Moon-light, and (without asking us to work) contrary to their own Lavv, whipped us one by one, and while one of us was vvhipt, the other tvvo vvas shut up; vve asked to see what Order he had, but he would not shew it us: And about the tenth hour in the night he sent us a piece of Bread and some small Beer, the Beer we took, and sent word to pay for it, but sent back the Bread. In the morning he came with Bread and Beer again, and looked in at the window, and requi­red [Page 102] us to work, we answered we were free to it, if our families might have the benefit of it, the which he refusing told us, what the Law would afford us (which was four pence in a shilling) we should have, but we refused so to doe, we desired him to let us into the yard for easement: but he denied us and ha­stened away, the which actions all may judge of to be br [...]tish and inhumane, and contrary to the very nature of reasonable men; So here is a Declaration of the substance of what passed betwixt us and the Magistrates at the Court of Ipsvvitch (in Bo­ston Colonie) so near as we can remember, Samuel Shattock, Nicholas Phelps, Joshua Buffum.

Again, these three with the other three (to wit) Laurence Southwick, Cassandra Southwick, and Josiah Southwick, who being brought before their Court held at Boston on the 27. of the 8th. Month, 1658. the old woman desiring liberty to speak, spake to this effect, We desire that our sin may be declared upon the house top; which caused our sufferings with near seven Weeks Imprison­ment, twice whipt, haled out of our house in the midst of Win­ter, although sixty years and upwards of age, besides the taking of our goods three times, also making us pay 3. l. wanting 1. [...]. 6. d. thus spoiling of our goods, and ruinating our estates; knowing themselves guilty, made no reply at all, onely this afterwards the General. Court had determined that they six should be sent home not as Quakers; Mark Reader, what confusion is in Baby­lon, that fix who had suffered imprisonment and whippings all of them for the self-same thing, two of them also having laid several Months in prison upon the account of loss of ears, yet they had neither shift nor cover more then this to cover their shame and nakedness, That they should be sent home not as quakers; yet imagined another lifeless Law, which if they transgressed, therewithall to threaten them, reading it unto them, and turning them forth, (to wit) Banishment upon pain of death, made at Boston the 20. of October, 1658.

Again Samuel Shottock an Inhahitant of Salem, in the Juris­diction of Boston, the 26. of the 10 Month, 1658. writes thus to Humph [...]y Norton, Salem Friends are well, and the spoyler is making a prey of us; they have seized upon half of my House, and the ground belonging to it, in a secret way, for they did it a [Page 103] month before I heard of it; and hearing of it, I asked the Marshal if it were so, he told me it was done whilst I was in Boston, (to wit) in prison; and told me that there had been men with him to buy it, and he might forthwith get men to prize it, and set it on sale; (This know, that Banishment, and threatnings to Banishment hath been the least of their Rulers expressions against him and several others of them that fears God in that place, for several Months, upon which some both aged and decayed hath been put to flight; to wit, Edward Hor­net, and his Wife, and others) and this Samuel Shattock, they judging him to be one of the most considerable there, and one by probability which will rather suffer Agrippa to gripe up his Estate if twice double, then once to deny his Lord for dust, as you may perceive by his own expressions, to wit, But I rejoice that I have something to suffer loss of for the truths sake: And as concerning this matter, this is my thoughts, that see­ing he will neither flye, nor fall under, they will put a Viper under his roof, one which shall arise from amongst their own sticks, which (if possible) shall sting him day and night, to see if thereby they can weary out the righteous soul; but I que­stion not but in time (with patience) he may shake it off into the fire, and shew himself a man of God, there being his and their subsistance & outward livelyhood which the Lord hath appointed for them, both for living and continuing until their Testimony be finished, from whence they cannot flye uutil he calls them, but bring themselves under condemnati­on; Therefore (saith the Author again) I perceive by the Mar­shal, that he hath express (order forthwith to strain, and take the Fines, which I believe (by that which I saw in his hands) will a­mount to 100. l. and upwards, upon us at Salem: So with my dear love to all friends with thee, I remain. Thus you may understand that their cruelty is stil continued, for this came to my hands in Barbados, in the 12. Month following, 1658.

Humph. Norton.

At a General Court held at Boston the 20. of May, 1658.

That Quakers and such accursed hereticks arising among our selves, may be dealt withall according to their deserts: and that their pe [...]tilent errors and practices may be speedily prevented, it is hereby ordered as an addition tot he former Laws against Qua­kèrs, That every such person or persons prose [...]sing any of their perni [...]ious wayes by speaking, writing, or by meeting on the Lords day, or at any other time to strengthen themselves, or se­duce others to their diabolical Doctrines, and shall after due means of Conviction incur the penalty ensuing, that is, every person so meeting shall pay to the Countrey for every time 10. s. and every one speaking in such a Meeting, shall pay 5. l. a pée [...]re; and in case any such person hath béen punished by scourging or whippping the first time, according to the former Laws shall be still kept at work in the house of Correction till they put in Security with two sufficient men, that they shall not any more vent these hateful errors, nor use their sinful practises, or else shall depart this Iurisdiction at their own charges; and if any of them return again, the [...]each such person shall i [...]r the pe­nalty of the Laws formerly made for strangers, by the Court.

Edward Rawson Secretary.

These are are the Lyars; wo be unto them that makes these Laws, and binds the burden of them upon the back of the poor, and they themselves will not touch them with one of their fingers.

Of what herein is mentioned concerning the sufferings of the Servants of God, moved of the Lord to New-England in the year 1657. this is the Summe.

THree of which innocent persons, (to wit) Richard Dowd­ney, Mary Weather head, and Mary Clark, after their o­ther sufferings, sealed their testimonies with their lives, by suffering shipwrack in the seas.

[Page 105] Richard Dowdney once imprisoned, once whipt, and once banished, (in Boston.)

Mary Weatherhead, once imprisoned amongst the Dutch, from whence banished, and once from among the English at New-Haven.

Mary Clark, once imprisoned, once whipt, and once bani­shed in Boston.

Sarah Gibbins twice imprisoned, once her Clothes sold, once whipt, and three times banished.

Dorothy Waugh three times imprisoned, three times banish­ed, once her Clothes sold, and once whipt.

William Brend, four times imprisoned, four times banished, twice whipt, once laid in Irons, besides 117. Blows the Keep­er of Boston Gaol laid upon him, whereby he vvas left as one dead.

William Leddra, and Thomas Harris, two Barbados Friends, five times whipt, three times imprisoned, three times bani­shed.

John Copeland, seven times imprisoned, seven times banish­ed, three times whipt, and one of his Ears cut.

Christopher Holder five times imprisoned, five time banish­ed, twice whipt, and one of his ears cut.

John Rous, son to Lievtenant Coll▪ Rous, living in Barba­dos, four times imprisoned, four times banished, thrice whipt, and one of his Ears cut:

Robert Hodshon imprisoned at the Duth, cast into a Dunge­on, fined 600. Gilders; several dayes chained to a Wheel­barrow, beaten with a pitcht Rope until he fell down twice as one dead, being judged to have received an hundred blows; besides, twice tyed up by the hands, and a log tyed to his feet; twice beaten with Rods until his flesh was cut, back [...]brests, and arms bleeding, his stripes were innumerable and lamentable, and so banished by the Duth.

Humphrey Norton four times imprisoned, four times bani­shed, twenty days and nights laid in Irons, four times whipt, once fined 10. l. and once burnt in the hand, and in malice took his right hand to hinder him from Writing.

[Page 106] Here is part of the Account of Cruelty, the most part of which vve have suffered and sustained in less then tvvelve Months space, (besides all our Labours, Travels, Burdens, Tryals, and Perils by Land and Water, the latter far sur­mounting the former) several times have they endeavoured to starve us to death by famine at the Town of Boston, seve­ral times under restraint, vvhich herein is not mentioned; se­veral of us lost in the Wilderness in the Winter-season several nights, vvading deep Waters in frost, snovv, and cold, vvhen none could be had to guide us because of the season, one of vvhich S [...]rah Gibbins by Name, lost tvvo nights in this na­ture, being alone, vvithout man or Woman to comfort her, seized on by an Indian, vvhich sorely attempted her, but the Lord delivered her; the English also endeavouring to stirr up the Indians against us; all this have vve born and suffered through his strength, and for his love vvho hath chosen us, vvhereby vve have heaped Coles upon the heads of our Ad­versaries vvho hath thus entreated us vvho vvas sent unto them for their souls sake, vvho hath caused us to say, Oh how are the precious sons of Sion comparable to fine Gold, esteemed as Earthen Pitchers, the Clay of the Potter.

H. N.

A Letter to John Indicot, and John Norton, Governor and chiefe Priest in Boston, which yet is not answered.

FRiends, I heard a great noise about a litttle Note I writ to Iohn Indicot after the Brethrens Ears were cut; be it known unto you, that it was onely unto such as sits in coun­sel to shed innocent blood, with such as votes them up, and upholds them therein, who deserves the greatest curse of all Crimes; & as for all such into whose hands my Paper comes, let them compare it with the Laws which they of Boston made against us as cursed Blasphemers, and Hereticks, and Ada­mites, &c. as if they made a Libel of their Law: And consi­der how much ever any of you have seen or heard us trou­bled a [...] it; and I having sent forth but one few lines, wherein [Page 107] is laid upon them that which is but their due, and see how the Beast roars as if he were wounded in his secret parts, and cryed out unto all the Earth for ease; and mind you Reader, whether their Curses or ours is of more force; and whether it's they or we that lyes under the power of a plague; and whether in all ages it was the innocent or the guilty who cri­ed out, Help, O men of Israel, help.

Humph. Norton.

John Indicot, Cursed is that man which causeth any to be dis­membered of the members that God hath formed, made & given them, before he that made them doth remove them; sad wil it go with thee if the loss of that member cost any one his life. Re­member that Scripture thou brought, That he that sheds mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed. Think not (O miserable man!) that thou canst cover or hide thy self by saying thou per­secutest not, nor thou sheds no mans blood; for in the conditi­on thou art, none of these things can be done without thee or thy consent, and at thy hand will all this blood and cruelty be required; thou knowest that they are but Officers imployed by thee, that executes it, thou art the foreman in forging of them; of this take warning from the Lord God, that in the day where­in thou begins with that bloody Work of dismembering, the cry of blood will enter into thy house, and the curse of God will be more grievous to thy heart for so doing, then all the Earth can add thee comfort: As thou tenders pitty to thy poor soul, take warning before-hand, least thou have cause to repent when it is too late, least of these thy actions and proceedings will be unto thee as a burdensome stone in the day of thy ac­count. Thou maist remember that thou asked me how thou should know that I was sent of God &c. I say, Many examples might be giveu thee if thou couldst believe; As first▪ The Scrip­ture is fulfilled in hurling and pulling me out of your Affembly in such a manner as never any was out of the Church of God, and haling me before the Magistrates, and casting me into pri­son, according to that Scripture mentioned by John Norton, The Devil shall cast some of you into prison: Doth not thou believe that he prophesied what would become of us? And is it not now as it was then, that he that lives after the flesh, persecutes him that [Page 108] lives after the Spirit, so that this is no new thing; but if there be in him any manhood for God, or love to the souls of his people, let him come forth and give proof thereof, in perform­ing but this reasonable request; and if he be a Herdsman either of Abraham or Lot, (and in his thoughts hath gone all this time to the right hand, let him now turn to the left) and take his Compass through Piymouth-Patten, Road-Island, Providence, Long-Island, and else where they have believed and received our report, whom you account and call deluders, and I shall freely engage my body for his, unto this Patten, that he shall not be imprisoned, whipped, nor dismembred by any of them; and the same time that he hath there, with any one or more accompany­ing him, let me have the like Liberty in this Town and Collony, with my yokefellow, and let the fruit shew the effect, who is the deceiver, the false Prophet, the Earthly Epicure, or the Worldly belly-god; if this he deny, let him be ashamed, and ne­ver more owned by you his hearers, to be a Minister of the Spi­rit of truth. Let me have his, or thy Answer on his behalf, di­rected unto me who is a friend to thy soul, called, Hump. Norton, but by the scorners a quaker. Let him subscribe the Answer, and let not these deluded Flocks (as you account them) be lost for want of his labour.

Again, thou maist remember thou charged me with Blasphe [...] my against John Norton; Whereunto I say, Had he been a Mini­ster of Christ, and I had hit him on the one che [...]k, or under the fifth rib, he should have turn'd unto me the other also, and let me have had both place and time with him and the people, that he might the more have laid me open, and not to have suffered one of his chief members (as if it were his heart) to have cast me into prison; but this, and such as this doth but the further make thee and him manifest.

Another LETTER to the Town of Boston.

BOSTON is a withered Branch, the sap of the Vine is depar­ted from it; your profession is become barren, and your glo­ry is become withered; ye are departed from the Lord, and have followed your own inventions. How is thy beauty faded, thou who was famous among the Nations for thy zeal towards God! But now thy zeal is turned to hypocrisie, and envy hath eaten you out; and malice is as a Canker among you, and the way of peace you know not, but are following that which makes deso­late; therefore return while you have time, and let God be tru­ly minded by you, lest he break forth with an unresistable flood, which you cannot be able to escape: Be not proud, for thy beau­ty thou hast lost, and thy glory is stained; but seek after him who is pure. whose Worship stands in the Spirit, and no longer wor­ship the Works of your own hands, least in the day of your di­stress, your house be left unto you desolate, and your habitation waste; and then you may wish that while you had time you had minded the things which belongs unto your peace; and so cease from your boasting, and search your hearts with the light of Christ, and let hypocrisie dwell no longer in them, least being double minded, you be shut out with hypocrites in utter dark­ness, where shall be weeping, and wailing, and gnashing of teeth. So while you have time, prize it; and while you have time, re­pent of your ungodliness and cruelty acted on the Lambs of Christ, least you following the Way you now walk in, do fall in­to the pit of perdition, out of which there is no redemption. And this is written by one who sees thy withered state, and hath suffered in thee for the testimony of a good conscience, called

John Rous.

A true discovery and relation of the dealings of God with Goodworth Horndall; Wife to John Horndall, in Newport upon Road-Island in New-England; it being written for the information of the weak, and for the help and comfort of all such as may taste of the like distempers; and also a warning unto all such as may strive after salvation, and the knowledge of the things of God, according to the working of their own wills and imaginations, wherein it is not to be obtained.

SHe being formerly a Woman of a discontented mind, and inclinable to be led aside with a fretting earthly spirit, and of a peevish nature when therein she was crossed, as many o­thers in the first birth and nature are; and seeing the tryals, and travels, and emptiness of these transitory things, was disquieted in her spirit, groaning after that which is more durable, and fa­deth nor away; and I being a Traveller appointed by the Father for that very end, to seek out the lost sheep of the house of Is­rael, and so much as in me lyes, to gather together, and bring home that seed which the Serpent in his servants hath scattered and laid as wast, and laboureth to destory; and I being drawn by the Father into remote places where his seed lay hid and suf­fered, (according to the seed which suffered, and that spirit that moved me forth) I preached liberty unto the captivated Seed, and glad tydings of an acceptable day of deliverance unto the whole House of Israel; the which glad tydings the beforemen­tioned Goodworth Horndall (as one distrest and opprest in spirit) gladly received & believed, with many more in that place; which she (as one that had long offended a just & terrible God) would willingly have acted any thing whereby she might have obtain­ed his Favour, and appeased his Wrath; but the Serpent being more subtil then any beast in the Field, overcame the simplicity in her, his power having had place and dominion over her, and all flesh in that first nature and birth, whereby he led her aside into the imaginations, to act strange things, yea, even such as [Page 111] were beyond her natural strength, that such as did labor to with­drawher from, did admire at; she being convinc't in her own con­science, that in and after the course of her former conversation she had been led aside, and grievously had offended, (although in nothing beyond what others in the same nature have been led into, which if not repented of, they must all likewise perish) and she being fearful to offend further then already she had done, went about to act in her own Will, and in the same spirit whereby she had been captivated, such things as were presented to her mind, (which by the Serpents subtilty was, and is always seemingly good) whereby the simple hath been led aside to tast, although bitter hath been, and is the end thereof) yet contrary altogether to her knowledge of the evil that therein was, these things she did, expecting thereby to reap or merit peace and sa­tisfaction, but none there was to be had, but on the contrary, further thraldom; so that after information and further advice from such as had travelled through the like tryals and temptati­ons, she was prettily setled, and savour began to arise in her a­gain, so that after hearing the truth further declared, she said we spake the language of the heavenly Land; and it being so that the servant of God at that present was called away into o­ther remote places, where he laboured and suffered a certain space, in which time the said Goodworth (being of a fretting, dis­conted mind, not having been exercised with the patience and faith of the Saints in the midst of such tryals) was again led aside into a second relapse, which the wise in heart knows is the worst part of a second sorrow; She being then in the mixture of the Powers, [I speak unto them that are wise, let them judge what I say] the one having long had place, and the other having now entered to take place; and she not knowing the operation of those powers, and being too forward in acting, the simplicity suffered a second sorrow, and withall, such coming about her as was not able to judge of these two powers, (there being judge­ment due to the one, and mercy and help to the other, which they willingly would have made help to her in this distress, like the servants of the Lord, or housholder, Matt. 13. would wil­lingly [Page 112] have been doing) dasht down the Wheat with the Cockle, which caused the poor creature to say in my hearing, (although at that time senceless) That the blood was spilt upon the Earth: When according to the will of the Father I came to that place again, and she gone distracted so far that she could not govern nor guide her selfe at that present, which troubled me very much; and I would gladly have seen her, but might not without the drawings of the Father, for which I waited, and in due time it came upon me, and I went to her, and sate by her, waiting to minister if it were the Fathers will; but there was nothing to receive me, the ground being barren, and altogether left deso­late; at which instant I was struck exceeding sorrowful, being made sensible what the loss of one soul was, even as if I had lost so much ou [...] of my own side; and so in plain words from under that sence I spoke it forth, withall signifying what a loss it was, (where the power had reached to the Seed, raised the soul out of death which long it had laid under, and then to be deprived of it, and utterly frustrated and lost by the wiles and subtiltie of the Devil and Satan) more then over many who had never tast­ed of the like power and love, and also spoke it forth to the bre­thren and sisters, that she should be visited so often as there was drawings to see if it were possible to beget a Seed where there was none, by the vertue of that power wherein we stood, and of that Faith I was, and am, and in it do remain, (this is as Food fetcht from far to the pure and wise in heart, and unto such on­ly this is communicated) and told them further, that their Image would beget, and it put me in minde of Jacobs laying speckled sticks before his fathers stock; and at several times I gave them such figures as these, that she was like unto a vessel heaving in the Sea, whose compass was cast off the needle, and there was nothing to steer it by, neither could it move, but as it was heaved to and again with the winde; for to order her self in any thing that was good she could not, or like as over-worn ground whose strength is destroyed, so that it was capable neither of seed nor weed; yet after a while let it alone and it will gather strength, and bring forth something; but as concerning her I [Page 113] am jealous that the evill will come forth first, being sensible of the nature of all mankind; thus it remained a certain space, wherein we did visit her time after time, in which time again I compared her unto a body or carcase which the Doctors and Apothecaries of the Egyptian world begs or buyes, to anato­mize or abuse, from whence to reap vvisdome to add to their rotten art; so that the vvise in heart may see that they conjure their vvisdome and knowledge and art from amongst the dead; but we being Physitians chosen of the Father, and by him made partakers of his nature and name, he gave us a body whereup­on to exercise our gifts which from him we had received, and to that end was applyed; and being often drawn forth in visi­ting of her, her sences being lost, and filled with winde and air, her tongue running in useless and senceless words; only in some agonies wherein she was not sensible, she would have cryed out against her self and said, I am that bloody Whore, and the blood is spilt upon the earth, and there is no salvation for me; and sitting waiting by her I was made to take hold of such words, and beat them back upon her so much as she was able to bear, to bring her to the sence of them; and one time I taxed her with a lie, for there was salvation for her; she suddenly asked me where? I told her in God, and she being full of Scripture words, told me, That the fool hath said in his heart, there is no God; (I asked her and said) What will you beleeve a fool? Nay, by no means; there is a God, and there is salvation for thee, and beat it upon her, so much as she was able to bear, and put it upon her to remember what had past betwixt us, until I came again, that so she might have something of savour wherewith­all to exercise her senses, and sometimes she did, and sometimes I hastened considering the weakness of her brain, and thus la­boured again to raise the dead; which after some short time coming in this manner, Horror at times took hold upon her, and much temptation to make her self away; in which time I coming to her, she asked me, If I could not cast out Devils through Beelzebub the Prince of Devils; I told her nay, the Devils said so of Christ, (which was false) but I can cast out [Page 114] Devils through Christ Jesus, the power of God; then said she, Cast the Devils out of me; yea, if thou wilt do what I require of thee; she told me, yea, she would, but at that time did not; but according to my expectation the weed came up first, for when I told her that God is a meek and quiet spirit, and that she might learn to know him within her, and to be guided by him, vvho taught not to speak such foolish vvords as she did, and joyn her members to him, and I would joyn with Christ both in me and her, and through his strength the Devil shall be dispossest, which at that time she could not bear but broke forth into foolish laughter, which vainness continued with her a certain space; vvhich when that was off, her temptations straitly followed her still to make her self avvay, which thing increased my confidence in her, and all vvho may beled into the like; for such are they that Satan hath little confidence in that they will do him service, but if they can by any means escape his Wiles, they will follow the example of my fore­runner, and me his servant who was led of the Spirit to be tempted in the Wildernes; which vainness she hath confessed to me since, that after my reproof, in telling her and giving the example, that she was more vain then her child, that some­thing in her shewed her that it was not fit for her to laugh; and was in such a sad condition; After which, she got forth a doors, into the woods to have made her self avvay, having also been at the water-side to have done it before, and both through the love and power of God was prevented; for when she vvas in the vvoods vvith an intent to have done it, she told me that something spake unto her, and told her, That it was not the destroying other self that could satisfie. God for the dishonor she had done him; After vvhich, she savv that it was the love and power of God that did, and had prevented her from doing of it, and from that time she setled and amended; and I perceived by her Sister that her earnest desire was to speak with me, and said, That she did beleeve she should be restored, the which was accomplished, and after our meeting she earnest­ly begged of me to tell her, Whether she had not sinned the sin [Page 115] against the Holy Ghost? yea or nay: I told her nay, then she put it strongly upon me to make it forth unto her; the vvhich I did, and told her, Thou hast not yet received the Holy Ghost, and that there vvas many Disciples vvho knew not vvhether there vvere any Holy Ghost yea or nay, the which she saw and confessed; then hovv can thou have sinned against it: More­over, in that vvhich thou hast done against that vvhich thou hast received, thou did it not wilfully, for hadst thou known better, thou wouldst not have done it, and she told me vvith tears that the Lord knew that she had not done it wilfully, and if she had known better, she would not have done it, and trusted in God that he would shew mercy upon her; and the next time I came again, she told me the same words, and was still the more setled; and her child being lying sick by her, I asked her if she did not pity that poor child, knowing that in her distemper, neither it, nor any other thing was regarded? and she cryed out, alas! shal I not pity my own poor child; and I was moved to tell her, that even so the Lord had pitied her, and his bowels earned towards her, and shortly after her child was restored unto her, as a figure unto her of what the Lord would do for her, if she did abide in his Counsel; and often since she hath told me with tears, that she trusted that God would do good for her and that he should be honoured by her, in stead of that great dis­honour that she had done to him and us; which thing she hath often declared against her self in, and said, that we had suffered, and God had been dishonoured by her: Whereupon I told her, that insomuch as that of God had suffered in her, therein we had suffered by her, and in her; and the wicked through that have taken advantage to speak evil of the way of God, but thou being through the love and power of God made sensible of thine own loss, and also of the love of God towards thee, we are therein fully satisfied, and greatly can we rejoyce in the Lord God on thy behalf. And this I can truly say concerning her, and as a Testimonie of her, That since her Recovery, she hath and doth make it mani­fest, that it was not for, nor thorow any earthly or evill end, [Page 116] that the sad travel came upon her; for before that she was never a Licentious Liver; and since she is more dead to all those things then ever she was before, and her care and industry set how to do just and honest things unto all sorts of People, and that which is well-pleasing unto God, that the dayes of her appointed Time may be spent to his glory.

We are Witnesses unto the Truth of this, Humphrey Norton. John Rous. John Copeland.

Some Quaeries unto all sorts whatsoever, who wants that which wee have, by which they may see themselves, and know from us where to find it.

1. WHERE the Hand is which can help one out of Hell?

2. Where is the Arm that can deliver one up thither, and there bind him until his flesh be destroyed, and in the day of the Lord can fetch his soul from thence, and set it upon his Throne?

3. Where is the first and second death, the lowest, highest, and nethermost Hell, seeing the Scripture speaks of the lowest Hell, and the Lake that burns with Fire and Brimstone, &c. and Tophet of old, which yet remains to the Wicked? Shew us where these Hells are, and in, or under what Climate, Cir­cle, or Planet, or in Earth, or Air, or where.

4. What is that that torments the Wicked there? And whe­ther it is the Devil that torments himself, yea or nay?

5. When, or how with safety a soul may be delivered up thither? To wit, Whether before God hath left striving with him? or after? Or at what time or instant? Answer ex­presly?

6. Whether Christ and all these that have followed him from death to life, have not past through all these deaths and Hells, yea or nay, seeing it is said, He can save to the utmost? And whether they have seen the utmost (yea or nay) that have not past through all these things? And let none say that they may not be dived into, for it is truth that the spirit sear­cheth all things, &c. and the hidden things of Esau must be sought out; if any say, Nay: let him tell me what it is may be searched into, and seen, and what may not?

[Page 118] 7. And whether the eye of God seeth not, and searcheth all things, yea or nay? And whether every man ought not to see with this Eye, yea or nay? If not, Whether he may not be blind in many things, yea or nay? As for example, Adam gave Names to every Creature that stood in Covenant, and seeing that there are Names, and Creatures, and Members, with bloody Oaths and Actions vvhich Adam in innocency named not, therefore shevv me hovv one shall discern and knovv the innocent Names and Nature of every Member, Creature, and created thing, and also that bloody spirit that invented all these bloody Oaths, and beastly, and filthy, and unclean Words and Actions. Ansvver expresly, for so speaks the Spirit?

8. If any man being a Preacher, (so called) and knovv not these things, Whether he be able to judge of what he speaks, yea or nay? And if so, Whether he may not speak a­miss, and preach and speak that which he ought not, and give Names to Creatures and things which are not? If he be one that says he knows the things that differ, and hath been led into Visions and Revelations, and things of the highest, (lawful and unlawful to be uttered) let him answer all these things both former and latter.

9. What may be preached and published upon the house top, and vvhat may uot? and vvhat things are lavvful, and what not? And seeing there is a time wherein all things are lawful, and a time wherein all things are not, distinguish each time with its sign, that all people may learn to know the signs of the times, and the difference between all things that are, and are not; if any may say that it will bring in doubtful questions, and may drive them to dive into things which may strick them distracted or mad; I say, Nay, that is mans Will that drives him thither, the light leads him to see the ground and rise of every time and thing, (and this is the Word of the Lord God) and shews him the Spirit which must be divided from the soul, from that which must not; (Mark, the Eye of God shews and sees a Spirit) and he that sees not with God's Eye, sees not that which must be divided from the soul, nor the soul which the Word reacheth and search­eth betwixt it and the Spirit.

[Page 119] 10. The mysteri [...] of godliness having been hid from ages & generations, and this being now the day, and age, and ge­neration, wherein God is revealing, and revealed in, and un­to his people, and is leading them through all Lands, the Land of darkness, sin and death; the Land of light, life, and peace; and having queried something concerning the former, and seen also the scituation of the latter, let us stretch forth into the deep, and so fathom the whole circuit of Heaven and Hell, Earth and Air, and all that therein is; Come up hi­ther, and I will shew thee the place where his Honor dwel­leth, come and see.

11. Seeing the Scripture speaks of the third Heaven, it thence appears that there are three; my query is, Where are they? In what place? Under what Planet? Or above in what Circuit? Or below in what Region? and the infallible Way to it? Which is the easiest query of all.

12. And seeing that there is War in Heaven betwixt Mi­chael and the Dragon, it seems then that the Dragon (that old Serpent the Devil) is there? I say, Where is that Heaven that he is in? Answer expresly.

13. And seeing that the Serpent was in Paradice, and de­ceived Eve, (before ever I heard of Hell) Tell me how he came there, and what Heaven that is, and where it is?

14. And seeing it is written that Adam was made of the dust, &c. and that he and she (to wit, Eve) was in this inno­cent place called Paradice, tell me infallibly, (the wisest of you Wizards) How, and what way they came there? He who can do this in truth, can preach salvation without Book.

15. And seeing that a Heaven there is of a truth, wherein­to nothing that defileth can enter, tell me expresly where it is, the entrance in, and how it may be obtained, and by whom?

16. What the Key of the Kingdom is? Seeing Christ is the Door, who the Keepers, seeing I have heard both David and Peter was?

17. And what the Gates of Hell is, which shall not prevail against this Door? And what the Keys of these Gates is, see­ing it is written, He hath the Keys of Hell and Death? And [Page 120] who that He is, seeing it's called an Angel? My query is, What the nature of an Angel is, seeing it is written concerning Christ, That he took upon him the nature of Angels, &c. and concerning the Saints, that they shall judge Angels?

Thou who sees not with the Eye that surrounds these things, and comprehends Death and Hell, and is in distress concerning thy salvation, & at a loss, not knowing the truth, nor who it is that lives in it, the cryes are so many and vari­ous; this know of a truth, whatsoever is wanting in thee of a­ny of these things, or any other that tends to salvation, we have it, and with us it is; Therefore sit not in darkness, nor say not with the multitude, Who wil shew us any good thing? but come unto us, and suffer not thy soul to be lost for want of a Saviour; for the place of his presence is with us witnes­sed:

By Humphre [...] Norton.
‘The Secrets of the Lo [...]d are with them that fear him.’

WHat herein is mentioned, is now freely recom­mended to the Common-Wealth of England, with all who seekes the good and welfare of the Seed of Israel, that as they love the liberty and redemp­tion thereof, they will endeavour after doing Justice and Righteousness towards all herein mentioned, (and in the like case concerned without respect of persons) that it may manifestly appeare that you act for God, and that in righteousness, and not according, but con­trary to the minds and wills of corrupt men.

The End.

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