LONDON, Printed by Richard Cotes, for Robert Milborne, and are to be sold at his shop, at the signe of the holy Lambe in Little-Britaine, or at Britaines-Burse. 1641.

A VINDICATION OF THE BISHOP OF DVRHAM, FROM THE VILE AND Scandalous Calumnies of a Libell Intituled the Downe-fall of Episcopacie, &c.

IT hath beene alwayes the po­licie of the evill Spirit, that when he cannot shake Reli­gion, or undermine a well-grounded Truth; then hee betakes himselfe to perswade the hearts and minds of wicked men to levell at the worth and reputation of the chiefest [Page 2] Professours of it, to wound their lives, and staine their good names, with reproach and obloquie, that by such meanes those Scorners may satisfie their owne humour, by how much the other side is brought into hatred and con­tempt; and before they are able to vindicate themselves by a just defence.

Thus hath a late Libeller dealt, who hath made himselfe the Author of the Downe-fall of the Hierarchie, and telleth us at whose reputation he doth more principally and professedly and aime, by reason of his nourishing ignorance, blindnesse, persecuting Orthodox Preachers, and cherishing Popery, & Papists, which if it shalbe made good (saith he) in Thomas Duresme, the best in the bunch, &c. that so thorow the Prelate of Durham's sides he may wound the rest of that sacred Order; yea, and (we may adde) in some sort Religion it selfe; which cannot but suf­fer the while he is traduced by this wayward generation of men at home, who by reason of his many Elucubrations hath for many yeares had a reverend esteeme by sundry fa­mous and worthy Divines of the reformed Churches beyond the Seas in their publike bookes and letters, accounting him a Moderne Father, and choice Pillar of Gods Church; yea, and by all Protestants acknowledged as an Im­pugner of the Synagogue of Rome for the space of almost 40. yeares. All which injurious [Page 3] and uncharitable dealing notwithstanding, this Libell might have beene contemned and passed over (which is the best charme for such spirits) had it beene a single paper, and not as a plague spred by many infectious copies. The case thus considered, it was thought fit by some one or other, to whom the Reputation of that R. Bishop ought to be deare and tender, and unto whom the falsities of those imputations are well enough discovered and knowne, to un­dertake this present Vindication in his behalfe, thereby both to prevent the prejudice of them who have not yet tasted of that venemous Calumnie, & also as by an Antidote, to remove it from the hearts of such as have peradventure sucked any dram thereof.

Now that the Reader may the better have notice of those his false accusations, it is most necessary we first take a survey of the platform, whereon he hath planted his sixth Canon (as he termeth it) to batter downe the Bishops, and (of them) chiefely the Prelate of Durham, which is this.

Libell. The very nature of their Office is to thirst after the bloud of Gods Saints. Apoc. 2. 13. where Antipas my faithfull Martyr is slaine, there is Satans throne.

Answer. Very learnedly forsooth. Was Antipas slaine by the Angel of that Church? (whom the Libeller unawares hath stiled Bi­shop) [Page 4] the Spirit in the same verse enformes us the contrary, commending the same Angel for holding fast his name, and not denying his faith. Yea rather, was not Antipas himselfe (as some write) Bishop of Pergamus, whom the Angel (there mentioned) succeeded, and there was put to death by the command of Domitian that persecuting Emperour, if antiquity be of any credit with you? For whose death, as also for the Doctrine of Balaam, and the Nicolaitans taught among them, In Pergamus (saith the Spirit) is the seate of Antichrist. Your argu­ment then stands thus; Antipas the good Bi­shop and faithfull Martyr of Christ was slaine by the command of the Tyrant Domitian. Ergo, It is the nature of Episcopacie to be bloudy and tyrannicall. It will be an happinesse to Bishops to have no better Accusers then such, who cannot defame their calling, but with blasphe­ming, in a manner, innumerable other Bishops, who have been the glorious Martyrs of Christ. But let us trie his first Battery.

Libell. P. 9. ‘Of this tyranny let one of themselves be witnesse (out of whose mouth the Lord exacted this testimony, Prelate Vaugham in a Speech to Doctor Morton long agoe (now Prelate of Dur­ham) confessed that the Persecution of those times were worse then in Queene Maries dayes, and gave reasons for it.’

Answer. Marke how he rakes the channels [Page 5] of times, whereby to throw dirt upon the li­ving name of a dead man, and Saint of God, as if God had exacted out of his mouth a saying which was never heard, and also the Reasons thereof, which are so modest as they blush to speake. But how will not this first Canon re­coyle upon the Libeller himselfe? Did that good Bishop (as is here alleadged) grieve at the persecution of any of those times? then hath this man overshot his marke, when hee said, that the Nature of Episcopacie is to thirst af­ter the bloud of Gods Saints.

Libell. P. 9. ‘Now let Prelate Morton speake how they (meaning, persecutions) are increased in his time, and by him: if he will not, it may be God may exact it of him sometime with more horror of conscience then any of his Predecessors, because he sinnes against the greater light and more warnings.’

Answer. Or rather let any rationall man judge whether that Spirit of malignity, which is so predominant in this man, would (in all probability) permit him to forbeare clamou­ring to the High Court of Parliament against the Bishop, if any such kinde of tyrannous per­secution could not colourably be branded upon him: yet is the Bishop beholden to this Libel­ler for joyning him in this horrid crimination with the most Reverend, and thrice learned the Lord Arch-Bishop of Armagh, who for his in­tegrity [Page 6] and innocencie of life, till this present scandalizing time, malice it selfe could never call into question, and therefore let this Revi­ler expect that God will one day exact these impudent calumniations of him with more horror of conscience (they are his owne words) then of any other, because he knowing him (whom all good men doe honour and esteem) sinnes against greater light, and more warnings. But since he more then once retrives this ob­jection,P. 9. and flies it home with more eagernesse P. 24. 25. afterwards, it shall be referred to a further consideration; and in the meane time his next Crimination is to be examined.

Libell. ‘The Bishop said, that if Popery came into England againe, the Puritans were the cause of it,P. 19. even as Tenterton steeple is the cause of Good­wine sands.’

Answer. So he, wittily you see; but yet wilily withall, by dissembling the full expres­sion & discourse of the Bishop, which was this; That Schisme being a breach of the Church-fence, if it be done by those who are guilty thereof, it would be easie for a wild Boare out of the Popes Forest to enter and depopulate the Church; for what is domesticall dissention else but as a Trojane horse importing ruine wheresoever it is placed? However, it is to be wished that the same conjecture may never prove Propheticall! But this Canoneere, that [Page 7] he may hit home, desireth to give instances of his charge.

Libell. P. 21. ‘Thomas of Duresme assumeth to him­selfe the highest stile of an Earle in his writings.’

Answer. False, for none shall ever be able to shew or produce any such stile under his Lordships hand-writing, or in his workes.

Libell. P. 24. ‘So as in one County of Northumberland and towne of New-Castle in above 72. or more Pa­rishes, besides Chappels, whereof divers Livings of 2, 3, and 400. li. per Ann. We are credibly informed, there's scarce a Minister left that is not a Popish Innovatour, or not Popish, and Armintan, or that makes conscience of Preaching.’

Answer. And why may not your infor­mation faile you herein, being a meere [...]? It will be granted that in Nor­thumberland there are foure or five Livings in Church-mens hands of 200. per Ann. or there­abouts,There are but 3. Ministers colla­ted into Livings in that County by the said Bishop, all which are painfull and or­thodox men. all the rest being of much meaner va­lue, even to 4. li. or 5. li. per Ann. The former and best of these are supplyed by learned and able Preachers, neither accounted Arminians, nor Popishly addicted; and the meane provision for the later, being either stipendaries of Im­propriations, or poore Vicarages in severall Lay-Patrons gifts, is too true a cause of the want of Preaching in those places, and the just reason why some of the Ministers are constrai­ned to live otherwise then men in that holy [Page 8] calling ought to doe: For the redresse of which, it is well knowne to the best of the Countrey that his Lordship hath not onely placed and maintained severall Lecturers out of his owne purse in some needfull places in that County, but also had given order for that end and pur­pose to preferre a Petition to the last High Court of Parliament for a redresse herein. Having thus visited Northumberland with the same false gallop he passeth into the County Palatine of Durham.

Libell. ‘That soile can beare no sound prea­ching,P. 24. 25. &c. Preachers, no Plants for his Palatinate: but if you will talk of fat Parsons and Parsonages, most of such Livings have beene lately supplyed by his kinsmen, and other his friends—Popish Ar­minian Mountebankes, profane antique fellowes.’

Answer. What? No sound preaching and Preachers in the County Palatine of Durham? you mean of your own garbe, (for that's your phrase) otherwise you must bee let know (to your blush, if you be not past it) that there is no County of England (of so small an extent) which hath so many able and sound Preachers, and these also who make a conscience of the faithfull discharge of their duties in preach­ing, as that County Palatine hath. And lastly in the meanest living within his Diocese there should be want of instruction to the people, he hath from time to time taken a strict course [Page 9] care that there should be due and constant Ca­techizing of the youth in each Parish, to which end, at his owne charge, he hath continually supplyed them with many thousands of Cate­chismes on purpose printed for that end. But grant that, of that number of Preachers, there be some such as you repute Arminians, must other mens crimes be entitled upon the Bi­shop, especially since himselfe hath preferred but a few, and those such (whether Kinsmen or other) as both for life and sound Doctrine are able to abideth test, and stand in comparison (not to boast) with any of the Plants hee tal­keth off?

Libell. P. 25. ‘For oppression and Inclosures his poore Palatines may say, that their case is little better then the poore Irish Crammacrees.’

Answer. Had this beene true, no doubt his Lordship had heard of it ere this, there being never better opportunities of relieving those who are oppressed, then at this time. But per­haps by Inclosures oppressed; how so? when most commonly such are granted upon the ear­nest suit and petition of the severall Towne­ships, or of those who are principally intere­sted in the same. And were this Intelligencer an Inhabitant of that County, he could not but confesse (did not his malady blind him) that many thousands of Acres might there be im­proved, to the great benefit of the County, and [Page 10] Common-wealth, which now lies waste and unpeopled. In this his Circuition hee next viewes the Cathedrall Church in this man­ner.

Libell. P. 25. ‘For Superstition let his Cathedrall and Sea of Durham witnesse and be visited, it will be found that Thomas Duresme himselfe is so zea­lous of Altar-worship, and such fopperies, as be­fore he misse of his Devotion, he will duck to a Tombe instead of an Altar. It's good to be sure.’

Answer. Here is petulancie enough, where­as a conscionable man would have ingenuously confessed contrarily, as to have said, the Bi­shop of Duresme did not onely argue against all Altar-worship, by condemning it as a brutish Absurdity for a reasonable man to give wor­ship to an unreasonable creature, which cannot be capable thereof, but also against the very name of Altar, in the propriety of the sense, lest it might inferre a proper Sacrifice, whose matter should be either Christs naturall Body, which were Popish, or else the substance of Bread,As is confes­sed by Bellat. and other Ro­manists, because the Jewish Sa­crifices had life, the Bread and Wine none. which were worse then Jewish. This he ought to have acknowledged, because if he have read the Bishops workes, he could not be ign [...]rant thereof: where also he might have learned to distinguish betweene Superstition, Altar-worship, with such fopperies, and the zea­lous Devotion of a religious and discreete Protestant. But to looke for such faire dea­ling [Page 11] at this mans hands were to gather figges of thistles. As for his scoffe about ducking to a Tombe, he might as well have said unto a Tub, and had beene altogether as sure.

Libell. P. 25. ‘For countenancing Popery, and che­rishing Papists, his Chancellour, Archdeacon, and Officials in riding their Circuits made these their chiefe familiars: but for Puritanes, they tosse and tumble them in their Courts, till they be wearied out of their Callings and Countrey too.’

Answer. If it were granted that in their Visitations (which he cals Circuits) Papists resorted unto them, did not Probats of Wills, granting of Administrations, and Church-Wardens Presentments cause that resort, ra­ther then familiarity? and at such times, it is well enough knowne, they found no other countenancing or favour then the Lawes per­mitted, who had beene more roundly, and se­verely dealt withall for their Popery, but that by reason of their compositions they were too much exempted from the Ordinaries Jurisdi­ction. And so farre were they from being cherished, as that they continually complai­ned of their hard usage and extremities to them that were in higher authority. As for tumbling and tossing of Puritanes in their Courts, it will not be denied but some of them have beene presented for some Irregularities; but that they were wearied out of their Cal­lings [Page 12] and Countrey by their Ecclesiasticall cen­sures, or other proceedings in their Courts, they utterly deny, and challenge the Accuser to make good this taxation. But what is this unto the Bishop, who never heard of any complaint hereof?

Libell. P. 25. ‘Tho. Duresme himselfe threatning that he would rid the land of them; and till then, said he, it will never be at rest.’

Answer. Certainely this man must conjure up some Spirits from hell, where hee resides, who is the Father of lies, to testifie this crimi­nation, for the Bish [...]p avoweth that no mor­tall creature ever heard any such words out of his mouth. And for a further beleife of this, if any such have beene driven from New-Castle, (wherein he instanceth in particular) it had beene good, that he had first consulted with the parties so troubled, and that they should have beene the Accusers; who know right well (by reason of the jelousies of the time) by whom they were removed and displa­ced.

Libell. P. 26. ‘The said Tho. Duresme amongst his Palatine Souldiers most Papists in their late Epi­scopall broyles, was observed to have in his Coach with him one of the most dangerous Papists in the North, and fit to be one of his Counsell of warre in his Regality, and in that Episcopall Quarrell with the Scots, which being publikely taken no­tice [Page 13] of was very offensive to many, and scandalous to his Majesties government, and to his preten­ded divine Authority, to see him so accompanied, I know not what he can say to this.’

Answer. But such as were employed in any office of nearenesse or attendance on the Bi­shop can say, that in those times (he points at) the Bishop used all care and diligence that no Popish Recusant should be so much as a com­mon Souldier in the Regiment; which was rai­sed not for any Episcopall Quarrell, but for the necessary defence of the Countrey. And as touching that dangerous Papist, who was obser­ved to be with him in his Coach, as fit to be one of his Counsell of warre in his Regality, there can be no such called to minde, it being very un­likely that any such had to doe in a businesse of that nature, and especially at that time; except he should meane one,Sr. E. R. a tall man indeede, but no great Souldier, a stranger to the Bishop, saving that being lately censured at Durham in the Commission for Causes Ecclesiasticall, for private Popish Christnings and Marriages, he became knowne unto him, and at that very time had taken a suddaine journey to Awkland for a mitigation of that censure, wherein he no wayes prevailed. Yet the Bishop being in the morning bound for Durham, tooke him into the Coach, not in a civill respect onely, but to the same purpose as Philip was in the Coach [Page 14] with the Eunuch, to conferre with him for soules-sake, as his ordinary practise hath beene, whensoever he met with any such Recu­sants. Which surely ought not to scandalize any that are Christianly affected. Yet let no man wonder at this reproach, when in the very next line he may finde him charging our Bre­thren the Lutheran Ministers in Germany with joviality and drunkennesse, (none excepted) three by disgracefully blasting a great part of the reformed Church to gratifie our Adversa­ries the Papists; for excuse whereof the Cha­meleon (he there names) can afford him no co­lour. Againe he revisits the Bishops Diocese, whither he must bee followed, who may P. 24. We are credibly infor­med, &c. seeme to take on trust what he writes, as ap­peares by his disjoynted passages and Ex­cursions.

Libell. P. 26. ‘He also nourisheth in his Diocese a company of Popish Arminian Ministers of W. Cant's correspondencie, by whom (as by like in other parts of the Land) he hath had constant In­telligence in all matters, and of Persons and Fa­milies that favour our Religion.’

Answer. What againe? Popish Arminian Ministers nourished by Bishop Morton; who could not but have feared his censure, whose great jealousie is knowne in that behalfe. As for his reasoning that some one Arminian or other bad correspondencie with W. of Cant. Er­go, [Page 15] the Bishop of Durham did favour the said Arminians. Could the man so suddenly for­get the absurdity he talked of by an inference from Tenterton steeple to Goodwine-sands? P. 19. The crimination following proceedeth from the said veine.

Libell. P. 26. ‘He also connives at dangerous mee­ting of the stirring Papists, their Baptismes and night-Burials with Tapers and Torches, and Bels ringing, but without the use of the service booke, and against their owne Canons, which serve onely against Puritanes, and must not be discharged against Papists.’

Answer. These dangerous meetings of most stir­ring Papists, not onely the Bishop, but all other his Majesties Officers in that County should and ought to have suppressed, if any such as this Intelligencer had discovered and made it knowne unto them. As for Popish Baptismes, those who came to his Cognisance received their due punishment one with another, as hath in part beene formerly related. And as for their Burials, if the Bishop doe suffer our Common-service to be used, and Bels to be rung at Popish Fu [...]erals, then behold hee is devoted for a Conniver at Papists: but if hee suffer not the Service to be then used (which is his constant practise) then is he taxed for a Transgressor of the Canons. Is not this kind­ly done? But to the point, to allow the Pa­pists [Page 16] the use of our Church-service at their Burials, were it not, as on the Protestant part scandalous, so in the estimate of Papists themselves must it not be utterly ridiculous, to wit, that that Service should be read at their Funerals, after they are dead, which themselves despised, and would not be pre­sent at whilest they were alive? He proceed­eth to another discovery.

Libell. P. 26. ‘That the chiefe Townes in the Bishops Diocese are of late become dens of Papists, and pla­ces of resort to their meetings and Mossings.’

Answer. It may be that some chiefe Towns there have beene dens, if he call them so, as being hidden from the Bishops knowledge, otherwise such hath beene his strict care and command to his Officers, that such suspected Persons have beene sometimes found out, and without any connivence beene proceeded with according to Law. And it were strange indeed, that he, who since his comming to Durham hath written two bookes against the Doctrine of the Romish Masse, should be re­misse in suppressing and abolishing of that Idoll? Which is the lesse credible, because there was never more preaching in that Dio­cese, then since his comming, and that (God be blessed) with some happy successe, both in preserving those that were within the Net, and gaining of others who have not wilfully plaid [Page 17] the deafe Adder in stopping their eares, especi­ally hee having not the gift of Miracles to make the deafe to heare, and the dumbe to speake. Not to say, that the encrease of Popery had beene now lesse, then in for­mer times, if his power had beene greater. However, did this man never learne that Paul can but plant, and Apollos but water, and that it is onely God who can give the en­rease? all outward meanes are nothing with­out Gods inward grace. Or hath hee not heard of them who complained to their Master, that they had laboured all night, and caught nothing? Wherefore it is grosse So­phistry thus to argue a Non Causa. From the Masse it selfe, he comes to the massing geare.

Libell. P. 26. ‘And the Papists have their traf­fique and trade in their Bookes and Beades, and Romish Merchandise.’

Answer. It is confessed that some have beene bold that way, but not without their dammage and losse, as oft as they could bee met with, whether Scots or English; and notwithstanding their impunities, and the greatest meanes, by which they wrought, they have beene compelled to undergoe the Law at the generall Assizes, and receive the punishment which was due to such Mer­chants.

[Page 18] But he having now runne himselfe off his legges, at length he sits him downe to breath out this conclusion.

Libell. P. 26. ‘All which considered, hee may bee said to have given the lye to all his former workes and writings against the Papists, so that it may be verified of him, that he is the greatest Papist friend that ever came in Durham since our Reformation.’

Answer. Indeed all these just defences well considered, this Pamphleter may bee said to have given the lye to all his former accusations against the Prelate of Durham, they are so utterly false, except hee meane by friendship, that which is the necessary Du­ty of a Bishop, to tender the Papists in the better part, in which respect hee professeth himselfe their best friend, according as hee is taught by that of the Apostle S. Iude, Have compassion of some pulling them out of the fire. For have not we Christians learned so to love the Persons of men, as that we hate their Idolatrous Profession? Did some of them come to his Table? they were wel­come; Came they to conferre? twice wel­come; Came they after with him to the Lords Table? then did he (as doe the An­gels) rejoyce, and congratulate their Conver­sion from Babylon unto Sion. But to stirre no more this filthy puddle of Calumniation. [Page 19] All the answer the Bishop was willing (up­on sight of this Pamphlet) to returne unto the Author of it, was (in his owne words) this: I cannot let him passe without some re­venge, yet not that which Michael gave to the father of Libellers, The Lord reprove thee, but that which every Christian is taught by the exam­ple of Christ, God forgive thee.



PAge 1 line 6, for Episcopacie read Hierarchie, pag. 6 l. 17, for Penterton steeple, read Tenterton steeple, pag. 7 l. 16 for [...], ad [...],

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