The humble Representation of Samuel Lambe of London Merchant.

AS Forrain Traffick & Merchandize is one cheif way to make a Nation rich and flourishing, so the spare Commodities in some Countries, and want thereof in others, is the cause of such Traffick and Merchandize. In the managing whereof between England and our Neighbour Countries I have, for the publick good, briefly set down the evills with the Remedies, humbly sub­mitting it to the grave consideration of this Honourable Comittee.

  • 1. We had Bullion, and did Coin money. ☞ Our Neighbours Countries have much of our money, and now little is coined.
  • 2. We raise woolls, and have fullers Earth. They drape with our woolls and fullers Earth.
  • 3. We make woollen cloth. They dresse and dye our cloth and undersell us at market therewith.
  • 4. We make Lead and Tinne. They under-sell us at market with our Lead and Tynne.
  • 5. We have fishing. They catch our fish, and serve most part of Chri­stendome therewith.
  • 6. We have Coles. They transport and sell our Coles.
  • 7. We decay in Trading Shipping. They increase in Trading Shipping.
  • 8. We buy Spanish fruit and wine at a dear rate: They prohibit English manufactures and buy a few covertly at a low rate.
  • 9. We have no Bank for the furtherance of trade. They have Bankes for their advantage to trade.
  • 10. We have no Courts of Merchants. They have Courts of Merchants.

First touching Monyes.

Experience telleth us that all the severe Lawes hitherto made in many Kings Reignes to restrain transporting it hath been of small effect, whose care endeavoured all that could be to increase and preserve it here, but our Neighbour Princes and States, to gain it from us, have imitated bad neigh­bours to private men, who to inveigle away a good servant, do proffer higher wages than he had of his old Master; so they raise the value of Bullion (the good Servant to all States) to intice the cove­tous Merchant to carry it to them, notwithstanding all Lawes and penalties to the contrary, the want whereof causeth deadness and decay of Trade, and hindereth levying of it by a Law for pub­lick uses.

The Remedies.

First if a Bank be setled in England, a Law may be made for all strangers to make receits and payments therein for all they deal for, and then they cannot transport it in specie instead of making returnes in Commodities.

Secondly to raise the Coines and make our Money as valuable at home as abroad, for when the cause is taken away there will be lesse need of a Law for a Remedy of this evill.

Or by a treaty with other Nations, at least with the Dutch, and French, thereby agreeing on a set­led certain value of the coynes respectively to be continued without alteration.

Secondly for our woolls, and fullers Earth.

Our woolls the materiall & ground-work of much of our manufactures, for being wrought into Draperies therein imploying many people, as cloth the Turky Merchants in return thereof Import Raw si [...]k, Grograin Yarn, Cotton-woolls &c. to be also manufactured here, imploying multitudes of people, and likewise the Merchants, trading into other Countries, have made returnes in Bullion and other usefull Commodities; therefore very unfit to be transported unwrought; especially when our Neighbours so much endeavour to exceed us in clothing; But to the end the English eye should not see it, though posterity may rue it, It is not Carded, Combed, and privately steeved into Cask also fullers Earth, and Shipt off by the connivence of the Customer under the name of other goods, and also in the Fleece by stealth in the night, with the privity, i [...] not assistance, of him that sold it▪ and do not Packers, and other Agents, buy cloth and other Draperies and ship them off in their own names for strangers, against their Oathes and the Lawes, to the ruin of their Countrymen, en­riching themselves and strangers.

The Remedy.

Severe letters should be written to the Officers in all Ports, & they also take an oath that they suffer no exportation of Wool and Fullers Earth beyond Seas upon pain and forfeiture of their places, and such other punishments as shall be requisite, That the lawes for true making woollen manufactures, be strengthened, revived, & executed, against transgressours; & that no more charge be laid on them then the market abroad will bear, to the end the Merchant may afford to sell them at as low a price as any of the same kind made in another Country, which will discourage their making any, when we can undersell them, and encourage the wearer to buy of those made in England, rather than [...] made in another Country, having as good and better cheap, so they being taken off from ma­ [...], will neither want nor desire the materialls of wool and fulling earth, and this with a Bank and other good Orders, will hinder Packers and others in buying Draperies and Shipping them off for strangers, which neither the Lawes nor Oathes can restrain.

That no woollen cloth be suffered to be imported out of Holland, as now is, nor any other wool­len Manufactures.

Thirdly for Cloth.

Those true-made white and undrest Clothes sent into Holland, the Dutch dye, dresse, and strain to such lengths, that by the overpluss of measure they undersell the English in that cloth, which is dyed and drest at home, when both sorts meet at the market, and the same strained cloth being found so deceitfull in wearing, that it not only brings all English cloth into disesteem, because sold under the English Seal, but hinders the Artist of the manufacture of dying and dressing all the cloth so Shipt out, and also causeth slight making of other cloth in England that it may be affor­ded as cheap as such strained cloth at Market.

The Remedy.

That the fift or tenth cloth of those white and undrest Clothes transported be injoyned to be fully manufactured in their dye and dresse the first year, and the like number so perfectly manufactured to be increased every year according as the State shall direct, untill none but coloured cloth be sent, by which meanes the English Artist will have the dying and dressing of all the cloth, which used to be Shipt off rough and white, which cannot so well be done in one or two yeares time; so the English Merchants trading into other Countries will not then be hindred by those clothes in the sale of others, nor will the English cloth be disesteemed by being abused and falsified under the English Seal when none but true made cloth will be transported.

Fourthly for Lead and Tynne.

They are two Staple Commodities: And as strangers buy our Draperies at the best hand, by their Packers and other Agents, so they may our Lead, which I have known to rise at an herring Season or Turky Shipping about 20. per Cent. then they buying it at the lowest rate, may afford to sell it at market with profit, at the price it cost the English Merchants at home; also as they buy our cloth white and rough, and dye and dresse it themselves, and so falsify it by stretching; that with the overplus of measure they are enabled to undersell our true made cloth at Market which is dyed and drest in England. So they buy our Tynne, part of which they make into Pewter for their own use, and to sell again in other Countries, as formerly to our plantations, and the rest they cast again and mix it with an Allay of Lead, and send it into other Countries by which meanes they so un­dersell our fine Tynne.

The Remedy.

First for the Lead; If a Bank were setled in England, it would so much increase the Generall stock that the English would buy it themselves at the cheapest season, and so hinder strangers buying it; or keep the market at a certain price and then we could not be undersold in it abroad.

Secondly for our Tynne, If the Merchant, the Pewterer, and the Tynner, be consulted with, much more may be manufactured at home into pewter, and much lesse sent abroad in kind; except what is sent into Turky by the English Merchants.

Fiftly for our Fishing.

The wonderfull providence of Almighty God, storing our Seas with severall kindes in the res­pective Seasons of the year (for the sustenance of mankind) may condemn us of slothfullness if not ingratitude, for so great blessings, when our Neighbours make so great advantage of it beyond our selves that it proves to them, as our Draperies used to do to us viz. as the West Indies to the King of Spain, and an East Indies to the Dutch; bringing home, with the proceed thereof, out of se­verall Countries from Archangell to the Gulfe of Venice, sundry sorts of Commodities bought at the best hand and selling them again in other Countries at the best price. This noble and profi­table [Page 3] work, I have heard long talke of, but is not yet undertaken, peradventure by reason of our Domesticke Broiles, but chiefly I conceive, through want of a good Stock to begin.

The Remedy.

First a considerable joynt Stock should be raised and managed, as the East-India Company doth theirs, with fitting Orders and Priviledges for their Government and Encouragement, which with Gods blessing will prove very advantageous to the Nation in generall, by increa­sing Shipps and Mariners, employing many people therein; and profitable to the Adventurers in particular; my selfe having gained clear above two of one within one year dealing therein, and Vessells enough for the worke, may be built in New-England cheaper than in Old, and save Timber here.

Secondly, in the mean time, that no duty be imposed upon Fish now taken and shipt beyond Seas by the English Merchants. And that all Fish be transported in English Ships, sailed onely with Englishmen.

Sixtly for Coles.

The great blessing of God to this Nation, hath made the very Bowells of the Earth, aswell as the Waters, to yeild us Treasure, if we do but stretch forth the hand to receive it and im­prove it to our advantage, this being so usefull a Commodity, that some places in England cannot well subsist without them, and so much desired in many Countries abroad for their especiall usefullness, that their necessities also cannot well want them, aswell those of Scotland, as of Newcastle and Sunderland.

The Remedy.

That as a greater duty is layd on those transported, than on those spent within our selves, so none should be transported but in English Ships, sailed onely with English men.

Seventhly for our Trading Shipping.

The losses of our great Ships tradeing to the Southward by the French before the Peace. And the losse of some such, besides many lesser Ships since the Spanish Warre. And so few built in lieu thereof doth manifest a very great decay of Trading Shipping in generall, besides the losse every one feels in his particular that is concerned therein; Therefore to strengthen us, and build up the Walls of our Land again, to keep off a Foreigne Enemy, ought to be the true endeavour of every Englishman that is well affected to his Native Countrey, and to deny himselfe the hope of a small profit irregularly gain'd, which doth enrich and strengthen another Nation, and weaken and impoverish his own, by subtilly contriving how to undermine and abuse the intent of the law for increase of Navigation.

The Remedy.

To enlarge the sayd Act, and make it more severe, also to employ onely English Marriners and Ships wholly belonging to Englishmen, in the two last trades mentioned.

Eighthly for the Spanish Trade at present.

Although it is believed that that trade in time of Peace did vent more English Manufactures, and did employ as much trading shiping as any one Countrey, yet it is as certain that the Spa­niards, since the Warre, have strictly prohibited all English Manufactures within his Domini­ons; So that those few that are sold by connivance, go off at a lower rate than formerly, and not without danger. And those Spanish Goods imported bought at a dearer rate than usually, and colourably brought in Dutch Shiping, to the impoverishing our selves and enriching of our Enemies, many scores of thousand pounds this last yeare.

The Remedy is short.

That as the Spaniard hath prohibited English Manufactures, so we may prohibit Wine and Fruit, if not all Spanish Goods, till a Peace be made.

Ninthly, touching a Banke.

I have in my Seasonable observations shewed some of the benefits the Dutch have received by the help of their Banks, the prejudice we receive by their Banks, and the good we may doe our selves by setling them in England, which are very many and exceedingly usefull and ad­vantagious to trade, supplying the want of Money, and encreasing the Stock of a Nation, also helpfull to many great undertakings; by means whereof the Dutch have grown to such greatnes and riches, which is beleived they have gained by our losse.

The Remedy.

Is to settle one at London, to countermine them in all their tricks and devices, in governing Exchanges and Trade, which I have in part described, and have also the Orders of their Banks to produce, when called thereunto.

Tenthly, touching a Court of Merchants.

Which may be also a Councell, or Committee for Trade, to continue aswell in the Intervalls as during the Session of Parliaments. And if it be thought fit to choose such a one as I have described in my Proposalls for a Banke, I humbly conceive it may be as great an advantage to Trade for the future, as hitherto it hath been hindred for want of one in England. Our neigh­bours have found such benefit thereby, as they are unwillng to be without one, aswell for their Advice in regulating Trad, as for their speedy determining Controversies among Merchants with small charge, who now are often hindred in their trades, if not undone by following the Law at great cost and charges.

The Remedy.

Is to settle one at London, a Modell whereof I have ready to produce, when called thereunto.

To the Honorable the Grand Committee for Trade, siting in the Parliament-House at Westminster. The humble Petition of Samuel Lambe, of London Merchant.

Humbly sheweth,

THat your Petitioner lately presented to the Honorable Members of this present Parliament, a Booke touching increase of Shipping and trade, entituled Seasonable Observations, And your Petitioner understanding that the Members of this Honorable Committee are the same Members of Parliament which received the said Booke, a Breviate whereof is hereunto annexed, with Remedies to every Inconvenience mentioned therein, which your Petitioner contrived for the Publicke good, and for the better carrying on of so good and publique a worke. He humbly craves your advice and furtherance therein, being willing to be guided by such Order as in your grave wisdomes shall seeme meet. And he shall humbly shew his Reasons thereunto when required.

And your Petitioner shall pray &c.

Friday the Fourth of March 1658. At the Grand Committee for Trade.


M. Knight­ly in the Chaire.THat the Sub-Committee, to whom it is referred to bring in a Bill or Bills, to prevent the Transportation of Wooll, Woollfells &c. be revived, and do meet to morrow at two of the Clock in the Afternoon at the Treasury Chamber.

The humble Petition and Representation of Mr. Samuell Lambe of London Merchant. was this day read.


THat the Paper and Representation of Mr. Samuell Lambe of London Merchant, be referred to the consideration of the said Sub-Committee, and that Mr. Samuell Lambe do attend the said Sub-Committee.

Ordered that
  • Sr. Tho. Dickenson.
  • Mr. Topham.
  • Mr. Slingsby Bethell.
  • Captain Lilborne.
  • Sr. Robert Honywood.
  • Mr. Ramsden
  • Mr. Marshall.
  • Mr. Vincent.
  • Mr. Foley.
  • Coll. Morley
  • Mr. Long.
  • Mr. Minors.
  • Mr. Creston.
  • Mr. LLoyd.
  • Mr. Delves.
  • Mr. Jackson.
  • Mr. Collins.
  • Mr. Thompson.
  • Mr. Jones.
  • Mr. Bence.
  • Alderman Rich.
  • Mr. Herle.
  • Mr. Bankes.
  • Mr. Thompson.
  • Mr. Higgins.
  • Colonell Gibbon.
  • Mr. Biddulph.
  • Mr. Kendall.
  • Mr. Boscawen.

Be added to the Sub Committee touching Wooll and Woollfells.


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