A LETTER From A FREEHOLDER OF BUCKINGHAMSHIRE TO A FRIEND in LONDON, CONCERNING The Election OF THE KNIGHTS of the said COUNTY.

SIR,

I have received yours, containing a very necessary and reason­able Request, whereunto I readily return you this plain and faith­ful Account following.

The Writ being delivered to the under-Sheriff, the beginning of this In­stant August, notice was given by Proclamation throughout the whole County, that the Election for Knights of the Shire for the County of Bucks, should be the twentieth of the said Month at Alisbury.

But notwithstanding this Legal Appointment the HIGH SHERIFF a few daies before the Election, sends his Orders to all the Bailiffs of the several Hundreds to this purpose, That for several weighty Reasons him thereunto moving, he intended to adjourn the Court, which was to be [Page 2] holden at Alisbury on Wednesday the twentieth, to be held at Bucking­ham on Thursday the 21th. at eight of the Clock in the Morning.

But the major part of the Bailiffs thought it illegal, that after Pro­clamation made according to Law, the High Sheriff should order another time and place, and therefore did not give notice, so that al­most all the Gentry and Freeholders of the County met at Alisbury, and at Buckingham there was only the High Sheriff Sir Timber T. with a very small number of their Faction: And at night by order of the Bailiff the Drums were beaten, which got together about twenty or thirty Boys, that cryed about the Town, A Sir Anthony C. and a Sir Ralph V. the latter of which had his name used without his consent or knowledge; But Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Hamden that stood for Knights of the Shire, accompanied with a very great number of Horse, came into Alisbury upon the aforesaid Wednesday about seven of the Clock in the Morning, and were informed that the Sheriff had been there be­fore, and had adjourned the Court, to be held at Buckingham the next Morning by eight of the Clock.

Whereupon Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Hamden, with several Gentlemen lately Elected to serve in Parliament, and the rest of the Gentlemen of the County attended His Grace the Duke of Buckingham, who was plea­sed to honour them with his presence at the Election; and there they debated what was then fit to be done. And it was unanimously agreed, that though they must go to Elect at Buckingham, they would neither lye there, nor spend one penny in the place, lest they should be thought to encourage a Town that had so lately made so bad a Choice: And likewise to shew their resentment to that ill-bred Carriers Son (the pre­sent Sheriff) for so high an affront to the whole County to make them go (unnecessarily) Twelve long Miles cross the County in a very rainy day. The Duke of Buckingham being desired by the Gentlemen of the County to acquaint the Freeholders with what they had resolved upon, we were drawn out into the Field, and there his Grace acquainted us with their re­solutions, and further desired, that we would return into Alisbury to re­fresh our selves, and be ready by two of the Clock that we might go to Winslow in one entire Body (a Town within five miles of Buckingham) and promised that there should be Waggons provided for those that were on foot, and unable to go so far. And if the Town of Winslow were unable to receive them, His Grace, and my Lord Paget, and all the Gentlemen would keep together with them in the Field all night, resolving to fare all alike, which was answered with great shouts, crying out, One and All, One and Alls, not only to Buckingham, but from [Page 3] Hundred to Hundred round the County: Nay, were [...]t to York rather than lose our former Members that served us faithfully in the last Parliament.

And then we returned into Alisbury to refresh our selves, and between two and three of the Clock we marched out with about four thousand Horse, with Drums beating, and Trumpets sounding, Led by His Grace the Duke of Buckingham. Our Foot and Waggons being gone before, and in very good Order, and time, we came to Winslow, and were well satisfied with the mean Accommodation we met with, Every man chearfully beat­ing his own Charge.

About five next Morning His Grace mounted, and in the same Order we marched towards Buckingham, and in the way there joyned to us two thousand Horse more, which came from several parts of the County, all crying out, A WHARTON AND A HAMDEN: And thus we con­tinued marching to the Town of Buckingham, where those that were on foot, and those that were in the Waggons stood ready to joyn with us; and thus we went through Buckingham into a great Field beyond the Town, crying out all the way, No Timber T. No Traitors Son, No Pensioner, No Papist, No Betrayers of their Country. And as soon as we were come into the Field, the under-Sheriff, with Mr. Wharton, Mr. Hamden, accom­panied with several Gentlemen and Freeholders returned into Bucking­ham, and waited till eight of the Clock expecting the Sheriff, but he not coming, the under-Sheriff adjourned the Court into the Field.

In the mean time His Grace of Buckingham, and several other Gentle­men, drew the Horse up into several Troops, which pleaaed the Free­holders, and we marched in very good Order to the top of the Hill.

The under-Sheriff being then returned, the Writ was opened and read. And there we proceeded to the Election, where Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Hamden were chosen without the least opposition, and Mr. Wharton, and Mr. Hamden were thereupon proclaimed, duly Elected Knights of the Shire for the County of Bucks.

But whilst the under-Sheriff went to prepare their Indentures, the She­riff with Sir Timber T. &c. some of the Clergy came into the Town.

And the Sheriff hearing a PARSON cry out, A Wharton, A Hamden, was so transported with Zeal for the Catholick Cause, that he rode up and struck him with his Whip over the Face; the Gentleman apprehending this high Affront to be too great to be born by an English Spirit, and one of his Coat, he Cockt his Beaver, clapt Spurs to his Horse, rode up and smote the Carriers Son with so great a fury, that in the Rancounter the Sheriff fell from his Horse, and had like to have broke his Neck.

Although this might have been a sufficient warning to a wise man, they [Page 4] had no sooner got him into a House, but he sent his Son to put a further Affront upon the County.

The Young man comes into the Field just as the Indentures were sign­ing; and first he joyes Mr. Wharton of being Elected, and at the same instance demands a Poll. But being asked by the Gentlemen for whom he demanded it, he scornfully replyed, for whom he pleased, refusing to name any particular person: But being rebuked by the Gentlemen, saying, Young man, go home, and learn your Lesson better; upon which we gave a great Shout, and he, poor Lad, ashamed of his folly, rode away.

But several of the Freeholders rode after him, and whipt him out of the Field into the Town; although he denyed to some, and often ask­ed pardon to others of what he had said.

The Indentures being signed and sealed, we marched back in good Order through Buckingham, all crying out as before, No Timber T. No Traitors Son, No Pensioner, &c. without making any stop, or any manner of Expence in the Town: Part of our Company went to Winslow, and the rest to Alisbury, to refresh our selves, and so every man to his own home.

Thus Sir, I have given you a short and true Accompt of our proceed­ings; and it was very pleasant to me to see six thousand Horse in so small a County, every man able to bear his own Charges; And I hope the No­bility, Gentry and Freeholders throughout the Kingdom, will be ready on all occasions to give the like Encouragement; and then I doubt not but all the Freeholders in England will be united as one man against Popery, and Arbitrary Go­vernment, and follow the Example of these brave English Spirits of Buckinghamshire.

FINIS.

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