L'ESTRANGE HIS APOLOGY: WITH A Short View, of some Late and Remark­able Transactions, Leading to the happy Settlement of these Nations under the Government of our Lawfull and Gracious SOVERAIGN CHARLS the II. whom GOD Preserve.

By R. L. S.

Qui aliquid statuit, parte inauditâ alterâ,
AEquum licèt statuerit, Iniquus est Iudex.

LONDON, Printed for Henry Brome, at the Gun in Ivy-Lane, 1660.


IF it were possible to please all Humours, I would by all fair means endeavour it; for I perceive that Knaves, and Fools have Honester, and Wiser men much at their Mercy. Opinion is the Common people's Idol; they Make it first, and then they Worship it. Nor matters it [...]ow Frivolous and Weak the Ground is, so the Report be strong; for Rumour is not allwaies found­ed upon Truth, and Reason; but like a Pestilence, it Rises from a Vapour; Spreads it self; and One soul Breath, suffices to De­fame the cleerest Soul in Nature. As it is Vain, to strive a­gainst the stream of Popular Affections: so Providence hath ren­der [...]d it Unnecessary too, by making the meer Conscience of a Noble Action, a large Requital of it. Nor is it Virtue, but De­sign, or Vanity, that looks beyond its proper self, either for Pro­fit, or Applause. Briefly; the worst that Calumny and Malice, can Throw upon a Private Person, is but a Tast of the same Cup, whereof, our Lord and M [...]ster, hath Drank a Deep, and Bitter Draught before us. All this consider'd; our Religion, or Philosophy, serves us to Little purpose, if we Murmur, Shrink, or Transport our selves, under a Fate so Hard to be Avoided, so Easily Born, and so Glorious to Over­come.

Let me not be Mistaken; As I think nothing more Ridicu­lous, [Page] than to appear Disturb'd, for a Pretence-less, and Maliti­ous Scandal, while it regards only the Voluntary, and Trivial Contrivers of it: So do I think nothing more Reasonable, when such an Errour shall have wrought it self into a Credit among Sob [...]r Persons, than by an Open, Calm, and Clear Defence, for him that's Injur'd to Acquit himself. Nor am I Ignorant, what Censure waites upon Discourses of this Quality; nor (to deal Freely) much Concern'd: — upon this Principle, that I am Cer­tain not to Disoblige any One Person that I care to Please.

I reckon that I have to deal with Three sorts of People.

The First, Consists of such as have no hand at all in my Dis­honor: Perhaps, no Knowledge, neither of my Cause, nor Per­son. These I desire by any means not to bestow their Time, or Mon [...]y, upon This Pamphlet, as having no share in the Intention of it. If t [...]ey will needs be Medaling, 'tis their Own fault, not Mine, the mis employment of that Hour they Cast away upon it. It is One weakness, to Write Vain Discourses, and 'tis Another to Read them Beside; My Business is a kind of Privacy, and it is scarce Good Manners, in a Stranger to Hearken after it. In sober Earnest, did I but know to whose Ear properly I might Di­rect the Sense of what I Suffer, I should not have Committed it to Paper. But, as the Case stands, I cannot Avoid it; for no­thing but a Publique Defence, can wipe off a Publique Scandall; and That way too, 'tis but to save One Blot, and set another; Hazzarding my Discretion, to secure my Honour. It is with Books, just as it is with Meats, Some are disposed for Luxe, and Gust; — Others for Health; and some again [Page] for pure Necessity. I have provided nothing here for Peevish Palates; nor, in Effect, for any other Persons than such as I would make my Friends, and Those I Love to Treat with Li­berty, and Plainnesse. In Fine; hee's a Rude Guest, that Pres­sing to a Table Un-invited, disparages his Entertainment: and hee's a Partial Iudge, that blames Another, for Writing that up­on Necessity, which he himself may Read, or let alone, at pleasure.

The Second sort, is a Mistaken Party: such as have either been Mis-led, out of an Fasinesse to Credit loose Reports; or by the Current of a Common Vote, Induc'd to an Assent, to what they could not Contradict, and to take Probabilities for Truths, wanting the means to Discern One, from the Other. These a [...]e the Onely Persons I consider, as properly the Subjects of my Care, and Trouble. — I would not have my Suppos'd Faults, be­come Really Theirs. Nor is it less Their Interest, to Know the Truth, than Mine to Tell it. My Reputation lyes at stake, Their Justice: and the same Act, that Frees me from a Misfortune, Delivers Them too from an Errour. It is to These then that I Dedicate this Demonstration of my Inno­cence; not doubting but that such as have made this Apology Necessa [...]y, will likewise think it Pardonable. To suit the Method of it, to the Obligation: It is the Surest, and the Sa­fest Cure of all Disorders, both of Body, and Mind, to Apply to the Root, and Causes of them: and not by a Direct, and Passi­onate Opposition, to dash one Weakness against Another. Some people Erre out of Facility, and Heedlesnesse; I shall bestow a Little Counsel upon them: But then there is a Serious Par­ty, [Page] that is not mov'd, but by fair Likelihoods, and Strong Ap­pearances of Reason, and Those I shall endeavour to prevaile upon, by Evidences of Fact.

First; In the matter of Coun [...]el; Every man should do well to conform all his Actions to the rules of Conscience, Ho­nour, Prudence, and Convenience, by these means Reconci­ling (as much as possible) Duty, and Interest. Not to Range over the whole Field of Christian Dutyes, &c. — I shall confine my self to my Subject, and onely in Few Words Observe, how Contrary to all these Obligations, That Humour is (to say no worse) of taking up Evil Reports upon Trust, and Venting them for Truths.

I do accompt that Babbling Levity, to Malice but what Chance-Medly is to Murther; perhaps no harm Intended, but a man's Kill'd with Fooling: beside the Breach of Cha­rity, and the Violation of Sociable Justice. This as to Con­science.

Consider next in point of Honour; how Ignoble 'tis to Wound a man behind his Back; nay in his Sleep; that neither Knows his Enemy, nor Feels the Wound, till he is Lost be­yond all possibility of Defence, or Resistance. Can any thing be Meaner, than, for no Provocation Given, and for no Be­nefit Expected, to ruine an Unknown and (perhaps) Guilt­lesse person, past all power of Reparation?

Nor is the Humour more Discreet, than Noble. It is a Weaknesse that Proclaimes it self; and Prints a Marque, and Character of Folly upon whoever uses it. Is any man esteemed [Page] the Wiser for telling All he Knowes; or the Honester for speaking More? In Fine; His Virtues are soon Compted, that spends his time in Reckoning up his Neighbours Faul [...]s.

To come now to the point of Interest: There's nothing more Dest [...]uctive to all Great, and Beneficial purposes, t [...]an this same Credulous, and over flowing Vein of Tattling. It speaks a man too Weak for Coun [...]el, or Conduct: too Open, for Friendship: too Impertinent for Society: and Briefly, Good for nothing, but to make either Sport or Anger.

In the next place I must apply my self to Disabuse the more Compos'd, and Sober of the Mistaken Party; and that I hope to doe eff [...]ctually, and in despight of Prejudice, and Ma­lice, to prove my self so far from ever complicating to the King's Diss [...]rvice, (as I am Sneakingly, and Falsly, represented to have done) that on the Contrary, I undertake to make it cleer, and put it past Dispute, that it hath been the Constant Business of my Life to doe my Duty to his Majestie. Nor will I Iustifie, and Expose my Actions onely, but my very Thoughts. That is; — If quite along the whole tract of the Quarrel, my Judgement ever waver'd; as to the Iustice of the [...]ause; - or my Affection Cool'd; — Nay more; if ever any Inter­est in Nature diverted me from Prosecuting that Duty, to the neglect of all things under Heaven beside; may that Omission be Eternally Imputed to me. If any man can Contradict me, let him.

This way of Vindication I have not either Easily, or Sodainly, resolv'd upon, but having hitherto Subjected all pri­vate [Page] Injuries, and Passions, to a Superiour Principle of Pub­lique Duty, I reckon that this Happy Cha [...]ge h [...]th set m [...] now at Liberty, to do my Self Right; and That, wit [...]out offence to any Ente [...]fering, and Designing Parties. It is one [...]omfort too, the General Hope we have o [...] se [...]ing all those Iudasses laid open, that have Betray'd and Sold their Mast [...]r: but I s [...]ould be ex [...]eeding sorry, to find my Self in the Black Cata­logue.

I am prepar'd for twenty Cavils now; and to prevent Ano­ther Troub [...]e, I'll Answer some of them beforehand.

If he be Innocent (saies o [...]e) a l [...]ttle time would have worn it ou [...], withou [...] this Bustle. Truly, for That; a lit­tle More, weares out my Life; and then again my Patience is worn out allready. I cannot think it one Iote Reasonable, to wayt an Age for what may be done in an Hour; and all the while, stand Begging That, as a Civility, which is my Due upon a score of Justice. Further; the Tedious Expectati­on blasts the Comfort of my Life, and Cankers all that's Con­versable in my Nature. I have an Inward Shame, and In­dignation to find my self suspected among worthy Persons, that takes me from the Common Offices, and Benefits of So­ciety. I cannot Visit where I Would, and Ought, without a Blush: and these Forbearances, in many places, are taken to proceed from want of Inclination, or Good Manners; when (God he knows) out of an Honest Tendernesse, to Others, I Crosse my Self, in what I Passionately Desire. So that betwixt Those whom I would not Trouble; and such as would prove [Page] Troublesome to Me, my Conversation's drawn into a very Nar­row Compass: and That Retirement suffers Great mistakes.

He's a Vain Fellow (cryes another) and Loves to hear himself Prate: — A wit — (with a wry mouth) &c. — Why Soberly; I had rather be T [...]at, than a Fool: and Either of them, than a Knave; Let me but quit my self of the Last, and I'll never Dispute the other Two. The Question is not Wit, but Honesty: and the same thing might be as well apply'd to him that [...]leads to save his Life.

Indeed, my Scribling gives a shrewd Offence; but alas, the People Bark at Strangers, l [...]ke Whelps; for Company; al­though they nev [...]r Saw▪ or Read, either the Person, or the Thing they Blame. To justifie my self in this Particular; (my Con­science bears me witness) I have not Publish'd any one Paper, but with a prime Relation to a Common good. As my Intent was Fair, so I demand, where the Effect was other of what I did? Have I Lash'd any Person, whom This Conven­tion ha's not Stigm [...]tiz'd; or Branded any Party that might be Usefull to the King's Design? What is't I have Propos'd, or Counsell d, in Contradiction either to Honesty, or Reason? (No matter for the Knack of wording it)

Nay more, had but my Zeal been menag'd by a Person of Answerable Abili [...]ies, as to That very point of writing, I know not any thing could have brought more Advantage t [...] the Busi­ness. First; it was Necessary to Imprint Hon [...]st Notions in the People: upon whose ayd depended the Decision of the Contro­versie. Their Inclinations being Reason'd, and Encourag'd in­to [Page] Resolves: the next point is how to direct the Seasonable Ex­ecution of them. Let any man now shew me, by what other means than by the Press, 'twas possible to Engage so many P [...]rsons, with so much Probability of good, and with so Little Hazzard of the Contrary; Especially, at a time, when 6 Per­sons could not m [...]et, without as many Spyes upon their Actions.

I do expect a Thousand pretty Epithe [...]s; as Formal, Self-conceited, Rash, &c. — but those I look upon only as Loose Grains, to make the rest Weight. The Grand Discovery is still behind.

This Person (cryes a third) cannot believe himself so much in Danger of an Ill Opinion, as of being quite for­gotten; and drives an Interest, in the little sto [...]y of his G [...]oles, and Pamphlets, under pretense of a Necessity in Order to his Honour. To This; I shall not stick to own, I wish it were so; and that his Majesty would Iudge in Favour of an Unprofitable Servant, that hath but done his Duty. — At Last; What if it were my Business [...] to put In among the Croud of Pretenders? But truly, my Ambition seeks only that Allowance of my Actions, which I Dese [...]ve, not a Reward, beyond the Merit of them.

When I first heard my s [...]lf suspected for an Instrument of Cromwells: his Pensioner; and a Betrayer of his Sacred Majestie's Party, and Designes; I c [...]uld not chuse but Smile, and allmost Thank the Author of that Calumny, that (in a man so Full of Faults) had fix'd a Charge There, where 'twas Impossible I should b [...] Guilty; (nay, or Repute [...] so) he might as [Page] well have call'd me Whore, as Traytor ▪ But when I came to find that divers [...] of my nearest Friends were Caution'd; and with what Monstrous Secresie Designes we [...]e Carri [...]d, [...]or Fear of Me; (even those Designs, that were t [...]e Common Talk of He [...]b women, and Porters) I began then to L [...]ok about me; and in Conclusion some [...]. or 3. Women, a [...]idler, and a Ha­berdasher, I dis [...]overed. Upon further Enquiry I found that this Intelligence was as Current about the King, as Here; and that many Eminent Persons were possess d wi [...]h the same O­pinion. It was not then a Season, to bring my self upon the S [...]age, when by Struggling, I should only have done a Publ [...]que wrong, and yet my Self no Right ▪ Wherefore I respited that Purpose, in Hope, and Expectation of that Freedom, which (by Gods Blessing) we at this day enjoy. Nay, even at this Instant; were I not Absolutely satisfi d, both from all Hands, and Arguments, that, in the Worl [...], I have no other way to help my self▪ but This; I would not go this way to w [...]rk. I detest any thing of my own writing, upon the second View; or were my Vanity of that Complexion, I should not Entertain it, by Publishing so many Slubber'd, Hastie Copies as I have here Re-printed; and which (Heaven knows it) I intended only [...]or the Plain, Honest businesse of disposing the Com­mon-People to their Obedience. What Good they Did, I cann [...]t tell; I'm sure, they Meant no Hurt; Nor did they tend to any thing, but what the People Did, at Last. I do but shew what I was doing Then, when I was Charg [...]d for Doing Ill. I'll not Excuse the Phrase, or Conduct of them; but they [Page] w [...]re done with Infinite Good-will, and That discharges me. (To make the medly lesse Intolerab [...]e, I have Inserted some Cohae en [...]es of Story, and so Reduc'd all into an Orderly Rela­tion.)

When I have Begg'd Their Pardon, whom my Misfor­tunes may h [...]ve led into a Mistake; and [...]iven them, Mine, to whose Mistakes I owe the sum of my Misfortunes; I shall bestow my Iudgement too upon that Spitefull Race of People, that are so Bounti [...]ull to me; whose Study, Pride, and Plea­sure tis, by Scandal, and Detraction, to Sink all Others down to the s [...]me Base, and Sordid Level with Themselves. They think the Blotting of Another, makes them Fair: and either to Discourse the Ills they Know, or to Calumniate the Good­nesse which they Envy, is all the virtue they pretend to. Nor is this Impious Vanity Contracted Now, as Formerly; by bearing a Loose, Carelesse Hand, upon a Hot, and Dan­gerous Distemper; but, I assure you, 'tis a Sober Excel­lence, that must be Form'd, and Perfect [...]d, by Industry, and Education. 'Tis Laboured with such Care, and Paines, as we should study Virtue, and here s the Ri [...]e, and Processe of it.

So soon as my Young-Master writes One and Twenty, he Learns to Swear, and Drink; — The several Sorts of Wines; — and Price of Whores; — The Names of all th [...] Famous Bauds and Vinteners; — Takes his Small Poet to him, and his Humble Cousin; — gets his Admission-Clap, and There's his Entrance. For [Page] his First Month; he's but a kind of Property, in Publique; a Mute, at Best. His businesse being only to Observe, — Harken, — Admire, and to do Reason. Then Home he goes, and Co [...]ns the Tavern-mode, and Discipline; as his first Lesson, He plants himself before the Glass, and tries how This Oath, or That Wh [...]ff, becomes him▪ — the Supernaculum; — then makes the Face that skar'd the Drawer; — and a Million of the Sweetest Things beside, that can be thought on. By this Time, the Gay Novice, is pret­ty well Un-shackled, from those Severe, and Troublesome Restraints of Piety, and Reason, which his Grave Tutour, or his goo [...] Old Mother put upon him. His next Step is into a Club of Wits, (Falsly so Called) or Hectors, [...]nd There the man offers at Characters, and Quarrels: Mistaking, for the most part, Scommes, and Blasphemy, for Wit, as well as Rudenesse, and Pot-metal, for true Valour▪ Then; Wo be to the Church, the VVomen, and the Hackny-Coachman; Nay, the poor Coachman, with his broken Head, Scapes best of the three.

The Eternal Verity, it self, is made a Fable; Religion but a Scar-Crow; — (the Dark Impression of a Superstiti­ous Melancholy) Nor does the wretch content himself to Abandon Heaven, unlesse he does Invade it too; and in the Throne of Providence it self, set up the Empire, and Divi­nity of Fortune. How great an Honour is it to be Lash d by that Lew'd Tongue, that thus Affronts his Maker! and 'tis Observable, that a Notorious Slanderer, is very rarely seen [Page] without a spice of Atheism. The Ladies next must take their Tu [...]n; in a Lampon perhaps, or some such thing: (that most Un-christian, and Un-manly mixture of Wicked, and of Brutish Folly) 'Tis but a Catalogue of their Names, no mat [...]er for the knowledge of their Humours, or their Persons, and the thing's done. These Impious Liberties, that give a Ho [...]rour to all Serious [...]ersons, are but their Spo [...]t that practice them: but then they make us some part of an Amends, in their more [...]erious Humou [...]s; which are not less Divert­ing, and Ridiculous.

IS it not better than Ten thousand Playes, to see a For­mal piece of Animated Pageantry, take the Tables End, and the Great Chair, and there Declare, and Constitute himself the Supreme Arbitrator of all Causes. (This thing you may Imagin now is Chairman to a Committee for Scan­dals) An [...]ld Ape, Drest in a Considering-Cap, is not so Grave, and Senselesse, as this Fellow. There's the Severi­ty of Cato in his Face; but in his Head not Brain enough to qualifie a Parish Clerk. When he has call'd for Pipes; — The [...]other Drawer; — and then, for the same Racy-wine that He, and my Lord (such a Thing) sent for Last Night; Out comes the Spruce Tobacco-Box, with the King's Pic­ture at it, which he Wears, and Kis [...]es, not so much out of Kindnesse, and Devotion, as for a Hint, and Introducti­on, to his Politiques, now at hand.

Well, well — (sayes he; Points to't and Pauses)[Page] had but This man follow'd my Advice at Wo [...]'ster, h'ad done his Business: but we must never look for any Good, so long as such, and such, are of his Counsel▪ (and then 'tis Ten to One, he Names you Six of his Majestie s Best Friends, and Subjects) This is his Queue to the King's Health; He Drinks, Lights his Tobacco; and Then, betwixt the Pipe, and Bot­tle drops his Oracles. This man is Wise; — That, Valiant; — a Third, Honest; according as the goodly Inspirations of Smoke, and Tipple shall move the Courteous Pledger. He tells you Storyes of 3. Troupes of Horse; 5. Companies of Foot, that he had Tamper'd; — how much that Design stood him in; and by what Miracle he Scap'd Discovery. (he might have added, of a Thing Invisible) You cannot mention One Un­lucky Circumstance, either in Order to the War, or in the Me­nage, and Persuance of it, but he Pretends to tell you upon what Principle of State it Fayl'd: — what Towns were Sold, for how Much, and by Whom; who Betray'd all, at Naseby, &c. — Nor can the World perswade him, that e­ver any man Fought, that was not Kill'd. Ask his Opinion of the Roman Catholiques, he's able to produce you Sixteen Jesuits, in Red-Coats, and Blew-Aprons, that are Em­ploy'd to blow the Coal; and he knows further, where Lam­bert took his Orders. We're all Betr [...]y'd he cry [...]s: why he [...]e's L'estrange: — that to my Knowledge, has r [...]ceiv'd 7 [...]0 [...] of the Protector's Money at a Clap — W [...]ll — [...]

Next to the Pleasure of this cunning man [...] the Contemplation of his Auditory; who [...] [Page] sit Gaping, as if they took him for a Tooth-Drawer; secret­ly praying God to Assist their Memories, that they may Tell the same Tale, the Same way, where they come next. (and here's the O [...]iginal of Fame) A man would think these Fopp [...]ries too G [...]oss to Gai [...] a Credit; yet being Vented with a T [...]avellers▪ Authority, and Falling among Persons that only have a Gene­ral Notice of such Men and Actions, without the Knowledge of Particulars; they seldom Dye in the Telling. One may sup­pose, that 'tis now Sleeping-time; when full of Drink, and Kindn [...]ss, the Company disperses to their Quarters. 'Tis no Ill Scaene that followes next, betwixt this Serious Trifle, and the Good Wench his Land-Lady, that never failes, at his First Knock, and Any Hour, to let him In. The Greeting still be­gins; — by what strange Providence he Scap'd some Dread­full Danger. — (the Watch perhaps, or the Horse-Guard) — How many Spyes the Protector, or the Coun­sel has upon him: — what Paquets from him to his Majesty, [...]ave been Intercepted: and then, how High they'll Hang him, if they Catch him. This Mollifies; Especially, attended with a Maud'len-Salutation. That over; he betakes himself to his Philosophy, and Courage; Unbuttons; — Strikes his hand upon his Breast; — Sets Her down by him; — Fills his Pipe, and tells his Story; — What he'll do for her when [...]is Majesty comes In; — What He told the King, and what the King told Him: and in the end, Talks himself out of a Waking, into a Real Dream. These People are rare Company, in Paper; I cannot Leave the Subject, or at the [Page] Least, before I do, I'll take a view, what Ground this Vast Pre­tence, and Vanity is Built upon.

What Hazzards have these People under-gone, or what Services done, beyond the Loss of Leather, with Riding Post, to carry the first News of other People's Actions; and at the Last, Spoyling the Tale in the Telling? If they can but attain that point of Honour, to get themselves suspected by some Prick­ear'd Drawer; — Provoke an Information that they are Dangerous Persons; — and then walk by Owl-light, as if they were so; — Concern themselves in Proclamation for Banishment of Cavaliers, &c. — Talk Big, a Day after the Fair; — Kill a man when his Head's off; and after that the King's Proclaim'd, Defie the Rump: — These are the Desperate Adventures, and Meritorious services, which Entitle these Gentlemen to a Precedence in the Honour of the Cause, before all Others. No matter for the Chase, if they can but strike in at the Quarry; and by a shamelesse Im­pudence, Blast, and Supplant, the Honest Mod [...]sty of those, that bave worn out their Lives and Fortunes in the Quarrel. These are the Frank Disposers of Rewa [...]d and Punishment. Nay, there are Some, that deem an Act of Obl [...]vion, as n [...]ed­full in the Case of Services, as Injuries: But These and Those, I shall leave to the certain Fate of their Vain [...]olly [...]s, (Discredit, and Contempt) Their Iudg [...]ment d [...]es not weigh a Feather in the Ballance, against a Noble Thought. My care is only, not to Lose the Wiser, and the Worthier sort; and for [...]hese Reasons, I perswade my self I shall not.

[Page]Those that Have Suff [...]red, will not be severe in their own Case, and passe a C [...]nsure even up [...]n t [...]ems [...]ves, in Blami [...]g Me. T [...]ose tha [...] h [...]ve Nev [...] Suffered, do no [...] kn [...]w how soon they May; and [...]ommo [...] P [...]udence will se [...]ure me The [...]e. Upon This Considen [...]e, I shall Proc [...]e [...], Only Pr [...]mising; that what I Publ sh [...]ow [...]or my Own Sake and to [...]he Worl [...]; was Writte [...] f [...] a Pu [...]l qu [...] End, and Fash oned to th [...] Humour of the [...]eo [...]le.


I Am here to Adv [...]rtise, that as at first I en­tred upon This Pamphlet with great Unwill­ingness; so I have now at Last, rather chosen to break the Accompt, and Order of it, by Lea­ving out 34. Pages of what I Intended, than Overcharge the Reader by Filling up of this Ensuing Vacancy. It is too much allready, of what is Necessary; and That which I had pre­par'd for this Place, not being of so Absolute Necessity to my present Purpose, I shall refer to a more proper Opportunity, and Leisure.


TO begin with the Beginning of the War, and of my Story. My Judgement led me to the Kings [...]a [...]ty, and That I Serv'd, without any other Aym, or Ben [...]fit, than the Discharge of my Duty. In 1644. I was Betray'd by a Brace of Villains▪ by name, Lem in, and Haggar) upon a Treaty to surprize Linn Regis. The former of these had been at Oxford, and there Solicited, and ob­tained the Promise of a Command at Sea; and Both of them were bound up under an O [...]th of Secrecy, and Fidelity, as Rank as words could m [...]ke it. Being seized; and his Majestie's C [...]m­mission [Page 2] found about me: I was Hurry'd away, first to Linn; Thence to London; and There transmitted to the City-Court-Martial for my Tryal. (where Two Prime men were a Saleman, and an Ostler) In this Extremity, nothing was left unsaid, that might Infame me: and with so strong a Confidence too, that the best Friends I had, were stagger'd at it.

The Commission was Decry'd for Counterfeit; The Design, Rash, and Foolish: — The Instrument, as much; — The Menage, worse; There were two tha [...] A [...]firmed, that I Betray'd all, with the For­malities, How, and upon What Conditions. I was at last brought to the Bar; and Charg'd, First as a Spy; then as a Traytor, with all the Circumstances of Rudenesse, and Severity Imaginable. Upon that Hearing, the Court Inclining to acquit me, It was proposed, and Carry'd, under pretence of Favour to me, that Judgement might be deferred, and two dayes longer Respit given me for the advantage of my Defence. In this Interim, they had pack'd a Committee, and then Condemn'd me as Traytor; Ma­ny persons Contributing to this Vote, that never heard one Syl­lable of my Tryal. My Sentence being pass'd, I threw a Brevi­ate of my Case among them, with these very Words; That Since they would not Hear my Defence, they might Read it; That was it. A young Red-Headed Fellow, burnt it. I was then cast into Newgate; whence I di [...]patch'd forthwith a Petitionary Appeal to the Lords; and Narratives of the Proceedings to the Principal of Both Houses▪ At This Time I received a Friendly Visit, from Mr. Th [...]rowgood, and Mr. Arrowsmith, (then of the Synod) with an Assurance, that they would do their utmost to Preserve me, if I would but Petition to be Banish'd, and Take the Covenant, with­out which, there was no Possibility to Save me. My Answer was, (with a Respect to their Civility) to this effect: That if I could be so great a Knave, as soberly to Contradict my Consci­ence, in order to the Saving of my Life; I was not yet so great a Fool, as to be Hang'd, with my Confession about my Neck. The time appointed for my Execution, being the Thursday following, [Page 3] The Lords Ordered my Reprieve, commanding MILLS, (the Iudge-Advocate) to bring in my Charge, upon Wednesday. He ap­peared accordingly, but with an Excuse, that he wanted Time to Prepare it; however upon Friday it should be Ready. It was then Providentially Demanded; whether they meant to Hang me First, and then Charge me; and if they Intended to execute me in the Interim? He told them, Yes; For the Commons had pass'd an Order that no Reprieve should stand good, without the Con­sent of Both Houses. Hereupon, they desired a Conference; but the Commons had Voted also, That no Private Businesse should be Mov'd in Ten dayes. This notwithstanding; with great Diffi­culty, it was Debated, and my Reprieve confirm'd, for 14. daies: and after That, Prolong'd, in Order to a further Hearing. In this Condition of Expectancy, I lay almost 4. years, a Prisoner; and only an Order betwixt me, and the Gallows. I am the more Particular in This, because I have so many Honorable Witnes­ses, to prove the Truth of every Syllable I say: and yet in this Extremity, I had as much to do to Preserve my Credit among my Pretending, Friends, as to Defend my Life against the M [...] ­lice of my Professed Enemies.

MY first Step out of Prison, was into Kent, and There, (God knows it) had my Soul depended upon a strict Account for every Thought, and Moment; I could not have employ'd more Care, and Zeal, in the Performance of my Duty, than I did: Yet in the very height of our Successe, being grown to a Considerable Body, even out of Nothing, It was Suggested that L'estrange was False: But That Opinion was soon Quieted, by a Discriminating Oath to the Commissioners at Rochester, which made those very Persons that had privately aspers'd Me, to withdraw; and diverse of them afterward appear'd openly a­gainst us. Upon the Dissolution of the Party, I Cross'd the Sea; and There I found the main Miscariage of the Businesse Cast up­on Me; but still by Those that Ruin'd it Themselves. After a [Page 4] Six Month's tryal, by Word of mouth, and Letter, to Rectifie Mistakes, I found my self at length obliged to a more [...]ublique way of doing it, and then▪ I Printed a Formal Series ▪ and Relation of the Story; under the Title of my Vindication. Thi [...] Discourse prov'd as Effectu [...]l as I wish'd it; For, insisting only upon mat­ter of Fact, with every Circumstance of Pe [...]sons, Time, and Place, Material to my Purpose, there remain'd no Pretense for Contra­diction; and yet I made it my great Care, as well to Disperse Copies, as to provoke a Reply, if any Syllable of what I said would bea [...] it. The Sum of all amounts to This. I gave a due Accompt of all Employments which the Country put upon me, nor co [...]ld I reasonably be charged as Causal to any Misca [...]iages, when there hapened none, while I had any Inte [...]est in the Busi­n [...]sse. At last, upon the Conjunction of the County-Forces, finding some Dangerous, and Unseasonable disagreements, even among themselves; besides some Scruples started against Stran­gers, I thought it the best Service I could do them, to render that Command I had, to the Commissioners, and leave Them to Respond, both for the Conduct, and the Issue of the Rest. Nor having done This, did I quitt my Duty; but after the losse of Maidstone, I mov'd the Committee at Canterbury, (although in vain) to give another P [...]sh for't. From Thence, I went to Sand­wich, where finding the Town in a Tumult, and Abandon'd; The Sea Be [...]ore me, and the Enemy Behind me, I took a Bote, and with much Difficulty, Escaped.

So much for KENT.

I Continu'd beyond Sea, from 1648. till the Army dissolv'd the R [...]mp in 1653. and then Returning, after 2 or 3. Months dai­ly Attendance, I was Examin'd by a Committee of the Coun­sel, and in the End discharg'd from that Attendance, upon 2000l. Bayl, to Appear at any time within 12. Months, upon Sum­mons.

After that Bond given, I challenge the World to say, where [Page 39] ever I exchang'd Syllable either with the Protector, or his Secre­tary: or that ever I Communicated, Directly, or Indirectly, with any man of the Party, upon Publique Business. Nay more: Let any man prove that I did ever disown my First Judgement: — That ever I took any Engagement: — That I ever held any Particular Converse with any person of Differing Principles: — or, in Fine: — Let it appear that ever I either de­clined any Rationall means of serving my Prince, my self, or Diverted others from it; Nay if I am not able to Evidence the contrary; and that I have steadily, and Positively employed all the Faculties, and Interests I had in the World, in his be­half, I am content to suffer, as if I had been the Murtherer of his Father.

During the Rule of Cromwell, there was small Encouragement, to Form any Design, unlesse upon his Person. For Betwixt diverse Renegado-Royallists, and Mercenary Male-contents of his own Party, it was scarce possible to Act without Discovery: beside, that he was Quick and Cruell. (Two great Advantages over a slavish People) His Death in 1658. opened the way most certain­ly to a Change, but That which entred upon it, in 1659. was of all others (I think) the Least expected.

Severall of the Old Members finding the Councell of Offi­cers at a Stand, (having Cast off their new Protector) Sollici­ted the Army to Invite their Return to a Discharge of their Trust as before Apr. 20. 1653. This was done, May 6 1659. and the next Day, (as if these Worthies had but held their Breath, from 53, to 59) they Blurted out a Declaration against Kingship, & House of Peers. This Insolence gave a fair Plea, and Opportunity to the People; and they disposed themselves to a generall Rising in August following: but the Issue of all depending upon the City of London, where the Militia was placed in Ill Hands; much good was not to be expected. Sir Henry Vane had Listed private­ly as many Separatists as he Pleased, and the City stood in more danger of that [...]ecret Faction, than of any visible Power that ap­peared [Page 40] to over-awe it. The Citizens were generally Hearty in the Businesse; and with the Allowance of severall of them, (Lambert being upon his March toward Sir George Booth) I caused to be [...]rinted this ensuing Declaration under the Title of

The DECLARATION of the CITY, to the Men at Westminster.


WE have waited for the good you have promised us; with a ridiculous Patience: but we finde you Men of the Originall, and to be read backward. We are for the Religion of the Heart, not That of the Nose; and for the Law of the Land, not that of the Sword; we are likewise for the Charter of the City, and for the Liberties of Free-born Englishmen; with which we are resolved to Stand and Fall. It is high time for us to look to our selves, when we are comming under a Guard of your Chusing, and when we have onely this Choice left us, whether we will Adventure to destroy You to Day, or be sure to be destroyed our Selves to Morrow. That's the short of the Case; for, a Massacre is not onely the Design, but the Profession of the Party you have Armed against us; 'tis their very Exchange-talk at noon day▪ But the work will be either too hot, or too heavy: for my Masters, we are determined to suffer these affronts no longer, we are now come to understand one another, The Ruine of the Nation is Your Interest, the Peace and Preservation of it, Ours, and the mischief of it is; your destruction is as Easie, as 'tis Ne­cessary: for every Creature which either Loves God, or his Coun­trey, Hates You. You have not so few as 200000 Enemies in This Town, to dispute the Quarrell with some halfe a dozen of you; not to multiply words, your Practices are such as a Generous Na­ture cannot Brook, and your Power so despicable, that a Coward needs not Fear it. You have made the City but a Cage of Bro­ken Merchants; Tradesmen are ready to Perish for want of Bu­sinesse; [Page 41] and their Families for want of Bread; nor have the Poor any other Employment than to Curse you. Those few amongst you that have any thing, are but Covered with the Spoiles of the Nation, and out of the Scum of the People you have com­posed your inconsiderable Rest. Well Gentlemen play your own Cards your selves, Wee'll play Ours: you'll have no Singl [...] Person in the State, wee'll have none neither in the City; at least, we'll have no White-Hall-Major; we will neither extend our Priviledges an Inch, nor abate an Hair of them. And in the mat­ter of Blood-shed, so let Heaven prosper Us, as we shall proceed tenderly: But if there be no other way left us than violence whereby to preserve our selves in our Just Rights, what Power soever shall presume to Invade the Priviledge of a Citizen, shall finde 20000 Brave Fellows in the Head on't.

This we doe Unanimously Remonstrate to You, and to the World to be our Firm, and Finall Resolution.

THis Dispute Lasted not Long; and Lambert's return put an End to any further thoughts of stirring in the City, for that Bou [...].

The next Opportunity of Moving, was upon the Dispatch of the Army into the North to oppose General Monck: The Go­vernment being then Lodg'd in a Committee of 23 Officers of the Army: which gross Usurpation, together with the New Mi­litia which they had Imposed upon the City, (Nov. 11.) put the Citizens upon an Absolute Necessity of Endeavour to Free themselves: To which end, they resolv'd to Petition the Com­mon Counsell, for their Assistance towards the obteining of a Free-Parliament, according to the Antient Constitution of the N [...]ti­on. A Petition was accordingly Drawn, Subscribed, and Presen­ted; but by reason of some pretended Informality in the Address, it was laid aside. This Repulse made the Petitioners more Eag [...]r than they would have been; especially finding themselves Be­tray'd [Page 42] by diverse of those Persons to whom they had committed the Care of their Protection.

Upon Monday, Dec. 5. Horse and Foot were dispatch'd into the [...]ity, by Violence to hinder the Re-enforcement of the Peti­tion, where they behaved themselves with an Insolence, and Bar­barism, not to be express'd. In thi [...] Action, had the Magistra­cy been but half so carefull to Vindicate the Honour of the City, as they were to save the Enemies of it, not a soul of them had sca­ped.

After some 5 or 6 Dayes expectation what this Affront would produce; I thought it not amisse, if I could use some meanes to Q [...]icken them; and thereupon I Printed a Paper Entitled,

The Engagement and Remonstrance of the City of London. DECEMBER 12. 1659.

AL [...]hough, as Citizens, wee are reduced to a Necessity of Violence; and as Christians, obliged to the Exercise of it; Unless we will rather prostitute our Lives and Liber­ties, Fortunes and Reputations; Nay, our very Souls and Altars, to the Lusts of a Barbarous and sacrilegious Enemy: We have yet so great a tenderness for Christian bloud, as to leave unattempt­ed no means of probability to save it. This is it which hath pre­vayl'd with us to Declare, First, to the World, what we Propose, and Resolve, [...]re wee proceed to further Extremities: and to sa­tisfie the Publique, as well in the Reasons of our Undertakings, as to Iust [...]fie our selves, in the Menage and Event of them.

We find, in the Midst of us, the House of Prayer converted into a Den of Theeves: Our Counsels Affronted by Armed Troups, our Fellow-Cit [...]zens knock'd on the head, l [...]ke Doggs, at their own doors, [Page 43] for not so much as Barking: Nay, 'tis become Death, now, to de­sire to Live; and Adjudg'd Treason, but to Claim the benefit of the Law against it. Witnesse those Infamous Murders committed, but Monday last, upon our unarmed friends: and the glorious I [...]so­len [...]ies of that Rabble, towards such of the rest, as they seized, and carried away. But this is nothing: to make us a Compleat Sacri­fice, we are to bee Burnt too: a thing, not only threatned, in the Passion of the Tumult, but Soberly intended; for they have layd in their Materials for the work already: (a prodigious Quantity of Fire-Balls in Pauls, and Gresham College) Briefly, We are design'd for Fire, and Sword, and Pillage: and it concerns us now, to look a little better to our gratious Guards. (Not to insist upon the losse of Trade; how many thousand Families have nothing now to do, but Begg, and Curse these wretches?) The Honour and Safety of the City lies at stake: and God so blesse us, as wee'll fall together. Wee will not live to see our Wives, and Daughters ravish'd: our Houses Rifled, and our Children Beggars, that shall only live to Reproach their cowardly Fathers: and all this done too by a Peo­ple, which we can as easily destroy, as mention: by a Party, so bar­barous, and so Inconsiderable together, that, certainly, no creature can be mean enough, either to suffer the one, or fear the other. In this Exigency of Affairs, we have found it both our Duty and our Interests to Associate; and wee desire a Blessing from Heaven up on us, no otherwise, than as we do vigorously, and faithfully persue what we here Remonstrate.

First; We do engage our selves, in the presence of Almighty God, with our lives and fortunes, to defend the Rights and Liberties of the City of LONDON; and if any person that subscribes to this Engage­ment, shall be molested for so doing; We will unanimously, and without delay, appear as one Man to his Rescue.

Next; we demand, that all such Troups and Companies, as doe not properly belong to the Guard of the City, nor receive Orders from the lawfull Magistrates thereof; — tha [...] such Forces withdraw [Page 44] themselves from the Liberties, within 12. hours after the Publi­cation of This: upon pain of being deemed Conspiratours, and of being Proceeded against accordingly, (for to this extent, both of Judgement, and Execution, is every Individual qualified in his own defence)

We are next, to demand the Enlargement of our Fellow-Ci­tizens, which were taken away by Force, and in a tumultuous manner, contrary to the known Laws of the Place, and Nation.

This being performed, we shall acquiesce, in the Enjoyment of those Liberties, which we will not lose but with our Lives. In Fine, to remove all Impediments of the peace we desire: Wee do undertake, both as Men of Credit, and Justice; that such of the Souldiers as will betake themselves to honester Employments, shall receive their Arrieres from the City, and such a further care of their future well-being, as is suitable to the Necessities of the One part, and the Charity of the Other.

THis Paper was so well received, that it encouraged me to follow it with Another, Entitled,

The Final Protest, and Sense of the City.

HAving diligent [...]y perused two Printed Papers, bearing date, [...]he 14th. of this ins [...]ant December: The One, in form of a Proclamation concerning the summoning of a Parliament: The Other as an Order of the Common Counsell, commanding the City to acquiesce in expectation of [...]hat Parl [...]ament: We finde therein con­tained, matters, so contrary to the Honour of the Nation, and to the Freedom of the City, that we stand obliged, both as English­men, and as Citizens, to Protest, against the Impositions of the for­mer, as Illegal, and the Concessions of the Latter, as a direct Com­bination against us. These Two Papers are Seconded by a Third: [Page 45] (for the Two are One, both in effect, and design,) and That is, a Pro­clamation of Banishment, directing to the late Kings party, under the notion of the Common Enemy: so that there's no love lost betwixt the Committee of Safety, and the Common Counsel, when the General provides for the Peace of the City, and the Mayor for the Safety of the Army; not to argue Acts of Oblivion, and the vio­l [...]tion of Publique faith in the case: that they Conditioned for their Lives and Liberties, and Compounded for their Fortunes. This is not our Concern, what they do suffer; but what wee may, if we trust those, that Keep no Faith with them: And that wee'll take a care of: When They are Gone, then Wee are the Common Enemy; So are the Laws of God, and of the Nation, and such is every Man that loves them. What this Malignant party is, these People talk of, we neither Know, nor Meddle; the Gentry 'tis we Live by, and by the Lawes of Gratitude, and Hospitality, we are bound to Protect them, and resolved to doe it, within our Walls, against any other Pow­er, than that of the Known Law. The short of the Designe is This; a Danger is pretended to the City, from the late Kings party, and to prevent the mischief, the Kind Committee Banishes the Gen­tlemen; with Order to the Mayor to make strict searches for Delin­quents. Now in persuance of this pret [...]ous Order, our Houses must be forced, and we Disarmed, and then, our throats cut, to preserve the City. Let those that would be Chronicled for Slaves, and Fools, submit to suffer this; and after that Infamous Hour, may a Yellow Coat, and a Wooden Dagger, be the Badge and Distinction of a Citizen. To conclude, We our selves are That City, so much the Care and Cry of the Proclamation; and This is our Unanimous sense, and Resolve. The Army proposes to Pillage, and Murther us, the Mayor, and his worthy Advisers, Ireton, &c. — are to hold our Hands, while They give the Blow; So, that we are now to provide both against Force and Treason; having One Enemy within our Walls, and Ano­ther in our Counsels. But withall, we have our Swords in our Hands, and our Brains in our Heads; and only to Strike the One, and to Disbelieve the Other, is to Subdue, and Disappoint them Both.

[Page 46]We do therefore declare to the World, that we will by Vio­lence oppose all Violence whatsoever, which is not warranted by the Letter of the Established Law: & that in persuance of this Du­ty, both toward the Nation, and City, an Insolent Souldier, and [...] Apostate Magistrate shall be to us as the same thing. — Not to word it much further, as we will not be Bafft [...]d, by Affronts, so neither will we be Fooled, by Flatteries.

After the Loss of Trade and Liberty, a vast expence of Blood, and Treasure; After many Injuries received, more threatned, and none returned, We made a sober, and Regular Application, to the Authority of the City, for Redress. This they Promised, and wee Expected, till at last, instead of a Reparation for past Wrongs, or a Security against worse to come; VVe are paid with an Expectation of a Parliament in Ianuary. This is a Logique we understand not. It is in English, Lye still, till we cut your throats. It would be well to commit the disposition of our Fortunes, to those people, that are at this Instant designing an Execution upon our Persons; and to requite those Worthies, that have already Robb'd us of all we have Lost, with the Offer of that little Rest they have Left. But this will not doe our Businesse; we will not have our Murtherers, for our Iudges: nor will we wait. That [...]liament they babble of so much, will scarce Vote up the City again out of Ashes, nor all the Saints in that holy Assembly, bring the poor Cobler into the wo [...]ld a­gain, that was Kill'd by order of his Brother Hewson. No, the Cheat is too stale, and wee are Determined to Redeem our selves; but with this Caution, VVe do solemnly professe, that we will exer­cise all the Tenderness which possibly the Case will bear. The Common S [...]uldier is engaged rather out of a Heedless, than Malici­ous Interest: VVe do therefore Protest, that such of those as shall not evidence their Malice, by their Obstinacy, shall receive a Fair Consideration: But, for such as Lead them, we do Resolve, not to allow Quarter to any one of them, that draws [...]is Sword in the Quarrel: And in Order to the Q [...]icker, and Gentler Dispatch of the Business: Wee conclude with a T [...]x [...]F [...]ght▪ nei [...]her [...]with Small [Page 47] nor Great, but with the King of Israel. And so Go [...]d give a Bl [...]ssing to the Endeavours of all Honest Men.

THis Sheet gave great offence to the Saints, and particu­larly to Titchborn, who examined the Matter himself▪ and ordered the punishment of the Women that sold it; after many Personal Abuses, beside the Loss of th ei [...] Copies.

Dec. 18 Divers persons of Quality w [...]re seised in the City, by the Soldiers, and in a B [...]rbarous, U [...]seemly manner, Stript, and Dri­ven Naked to the Mewes.

Soon after, comes Intelligence, that the Forces employ'd to Reduce Portsmouth, were joyn'd with the Fugitive Members, and upon their March for London: whereupon I caused to be Print­ed as followes.

The Resolve of the City. Decemb. 23. 1659.

OUr Respects to Peace, and Order, are too notorious to be questioned, since by the meer Impressions of Charity and Obedience, wee have thus long suspended the Iustice wee owe to our Selves, together with that Vengeance, which the Bloud of our Murthered Companions requires at our hands. Nor have these Principles of Publique tenderness been lesse Eminent, upon our Iudgements, than upon our Passions; For, we have as well Be­liev d, in Contradiction to Evidence of Experiment, as wee have Suffered, in Opposition to the very Elements, and Dictates of Hu­manity. Witness that Execrable Monday (sacred to the Eternal In­famy of this City) even Then, when we had that Enemy at our Mercy, toward whom, by the Rights of Nature, and of Genero­sity, wee were not bound to exercise any, even Then, I say, in the very Heat, and Course of an Honest, and Powerfull Indignation, we returned Quietly, to our Houses, upon the first Notice, that [Page 48] the Authority of the City would have it so. But it is likewise true, that this Assur [...]nce was added to the Message, viz. That the Com­mon counsel was sensible of our Gri [...]vances, and would duly consider them. Since this, we find nothing done in persuance of that Pro­mise; but on the Contrary, Injuries are Multiplyed upon us; and those of tha [...] D [...]y, serve but as Arguments of E [...]couragement to G [...]eater. Some of us Killed, Others Wounded, and lead in Triumph Naked through the Streets: Two or three Hundred Thousand Per [...]ons Looking on, to celebrate the Conquest, and the Shame. A Citizens Sku [...]l is but a thing to try the Temper of a Souldiers Sword upon; Give us [...]very M [...]n a Red-coat for a Cash-Keeper, and the work's done. They're come within a Trifle on't already; and all this while, an Order to be Quiet, is all our Patient Masters will afford us. Give us an Order that may make us Safe, (although we need not Ask, what we can Give our selves) Perswade these p [...]ople to be Gone, or Bid us Drive them out; What Law made Pauls, and Gresham Colledge▪ Garrisons? If nothing else will do, we'll do't our selves: We have Engaged, and sworn the Vindica­tion of the City, and nothing can Absolve us from the Oath we have taken. This must be done betimes too, 'twill come too late else, to prevent, either the Necessity of a Tumult, or the greater Mis­chief, of a Supine and Credulous Security. A Parliament in Ia­nuary will do us no more good, than a Cordial will do him that was Hanged last Sessions. Our Sense at Large, we delivered to the world▪ in a Paper, Entituled, The Final Protest, and Sense of the CITY: VVhich is Publique enough, notwithstanding the great Design used to suppress it, and the Insol [...]nces of divers persons, disaffected to the good of the Ci [...]y, toward those that sold them. To That we adhere. That Prot [...]st of Ours, p [...]oduced Another from the Common counsel, of the aoth. Current, to which something ought to bee said. The sum of that Order is, but in effect, the Justifi­cation of the Lord Mayor in the matter of Prudence and In [...]egri­ty: we do not Deny, but finding our selves abandoned to all sorts of Outrages, by the Cold Proceeding of the Court in our behalf, [Page 49] we were transported to some bitter Reflections: Involving the present Mayor, with his more Criminal Predecessor Ireton, in the Imputation. We shall not more Gladly find it a Mistake, than Readily Confess it one, when we reap the Effects of that Care for the Good of the City; but so long as Wee are tyed up from all Law­full D [...]fence, and the Publique Enemy at liberty to practise all Un­lawfull Violences upon us, we desire to be Pardoned, if we suspend in the Case.

The Cloze indeed is very Noble, and worthy of the Court, where they Declare, For the Fundamental Lawes, and the Prote­stant Religion, &c.— and in fine, to endeavour the convening of a Free Parliament, in order thereunto. But in Contradiction to this Resolve, the Committee of Officers have yesterday published a Paper, Entituled, The Agreement, &c. — fairly telling us, That we are to be Governed by People of their Chusing, and by a Model of their framing, without any regard had to the Pra­ctice, and Reason of the Antient Laws, or to the Interest, and Li­berty of every Freeborn English-man. This Usurpation is to bee considered in its due place; at present it concerns us, to hinder them from making the Slavery of the City, their first Step to­wards the Subjection of the Nation. The seasonable Care of This, we do Humbly, and Earnestly recommend to the Court of C [...]mmon-counsel; Our Hopes are, that we are now fallen into Bet­ter hands, and if our Magistrates will but Command us, they have an Hundred Thousand Lives in readiness to Engage for them. If we should be so unhappy, as to be still delayed; wee do however wash our hands of the Consequences: And so God Direct and Deliver Us.

OBserving how much more Unanimous the Army was to De­stroy Us; than We, to Save our Selves: and Finding nothing extant of Direction to the Necessary purpose of an Uni­versal Union: I presumed to Publish a Paper, containing what I [Page 50] judg'd might Rationally Promote such an Agreement, under the Notion of a thing already done. It runs Thus.

A FREE PARLIAMENT Proposed by the CITY to the NATION.


HAving certain Intelligence of great Preparations against us from Abroad; together with the daily and wofull experi­ence, of a more Barbarous, and Ignoble Enemy at Home: we have bethought our selves of an Expedient, which may at once, both Secure, and Deliver the Nation from the Danger of the One, and from the Tyranny of the Other.

In order to this effect: The City of London hath constituted 4 Commissioners, to Treat Respectively with the rest of the People of England, in the behalf of their invaded Rights, and in such manner to Proceed, as to the said Commissioners shall appear most convenient.

In persuance of this Appointment; We Four, (whose Names, and Authority you shall find in a Schedule, to this annexed) do, in the Name, and by the Commission of the City of London, ear­nestly and unanimously desire a General Assistance, toward a work of a Publique and Universal Benefit. The transaction of this Affair, we have committed to Persons, eminent both for Honesty and For­tune: and to gain D [...]spatch, as well as Priv [...]cy, wee have at the same Instant, and by safe hands, dispersed True and Exact Co­pies of These to you, throughout England and Wales. Our Ap­plication should have been more Regular, but for three or four false Brethren in our Counsels, whom wee dare not confide in. We find few the Honeste [...] for the Quarrel, tha [...] are the Richer for it; and no other Enemies to the Peace of the Nation, but the Gainers by the Ruine of it. U [...]ō a due scanning of the whole m [...]tter, we h [...]ve con­cluded, that nothing can restore us but a Free Parliament: Nor can any thing compose that, but a Fr [...]e Vo [...]e, without either Force, or Faction. The most l kely means to procure this, will be a general [Page 51] Engagement, to endeavour it. We ask no more, than that you will follow our Example. That Paper, which we commend to you, is already subscribed by many Thousands of this City. If you App [...]ove it, doe as much; and if you think Fit; chuse out of every County Two Persons of a Known Integrity, that may be still Among us, and at hand, to preserve a fair Intelligence betwixt us. No lon­ger since, tha [...] Yesterday, the Conse [...]vators of our [...]iberties; Hew­ [...]on and his Mirmidons, put an affront upon us, and with some mischief too, upon this very Point: The very mention of a Free-Parliament enrages them, and there is Reason for it. Their Heads are forfeited, and if the Law Lives, They must Perish. But all this while, we 're in a good condition, when the Trangre [...]ors of the Laws must be the Iudges of it. The very Boyes, and Women had destroyed the Party to a man, but that with much adoe, we hindred them. The T [...]uth is, in such a Confusion, more honest blood might have been spilt, than that Rabble was worth. Up­on this, the City is grown so impatient of the Souldiers, that 'tis to be feared they will sodainly break out into an open violence upon them. Th [...]y have already entred into a solemn Engage­ment to that purpose: But we shall doe our best to quiet them, till we receive your Answer. In Fine; the End is honorable, and we desire the means that lead to it may be so too. Let nothing be omitted that may save blood; The Army is necessitous, and without pay, they must or Steal, or Perish. Let us consider, they are our Countrey-men, and many of them, (the necessity apart) our Friends. Let such a course be taken, that so many of them as shall con­tribute to the Advantage of a Free Election, may without either Fraud, or Delay receive their Arriers. We shall do our part in the Contribution▪ and in all Offices of Relation to a Religious and Lawfull Settlement, as freely engage our Live [...] and Fortunes with you, as we do our Pens in this Profession to you, that we are

True English men, and your Servants.
Decemb. 6. 1659.


WE the Free-born people of England, having for many years last past, been subjected in our Consciences, Persons, and E­states, to the Arbitrary, and Lawlesse Impositions of Ambi­tious, and Cruell-minded men; & finding our selves at present, in dan­ger to be Irrecoverably lost; partly by Invasions, threatned us from Abroad, and partly by Factions encroaching upon us at Home, without the seasonable mediation of a Free-Parliament: We do Declare, that we will by all Lawfull means Endeavour the Convening of it, and that we will, afterward, Protect the Members of it as the Blood of our own Hearts. We do further Engage, in the Presence of Almighty God, that if any person or Persons whatsoever shall presume to Oppose us; or to impose upon us any other Government, Inconsistent with, or Destru­ctive to the Constitution of Parliaments, we will prosecute him, or them, as the Betrayers of the Peoples Rights, and Subverters of the Fundamentall Laws of the English Nation.

To the Honorable the Commissioners of the City of London, for the Liberties and Rights of the [...]nglish Nation.


HAving already satisfied you by what Authority we Act, it concerns us next, to acquaint you, to what purpose we are Sent, and what it is, which we have in Charge to deliver unto you.

Your Proposals for the S [...]ttlement of the Nation, (and That, by the means of a Free-Parliament) have been as Faithfully, and Generally communicated, as you intended they should; as Kind­ly received as you could wish; and the whole matter brought to as speedy an issue as was possible for an Affair of that Weight, and Quality to admit. In Testimony hereof, We are to give you the Thanks of the People of England; and to assure you, that they [Page 53] are not less pleased with your Method of promoting the Publick Good, than they are Obliged by those Affections which have dis­posed you to endeavour it. Particularly, they are exceeding glad to find, that the City hath entrusted such Persons in the Businesse, as, beside all other due Qualifications for the Employment, have This also; that they were never Parties in the Quarrell. It hath been our Care likewise, to proceed by the same rule; and for this Reason, If Both Parties should be taken in, there might (possibly) be some Animosities started sufficient to obstruct the Pro­ceeding: And again, should Either of them be lest out, the matter would (probably) be carried by Faction.

This we are commanded to represent, rather as a Fair Expe­dient, than an Absolute Necessity.

In the next place, we are to inform you, that the Engagement you sent us, found so prone a Reception, that we reckon it, with us, a greater difficulty to Find an Enemy to the Intent of it, than to Subdue any whatever, that shall presume to appear against the Promoters of it. We do however hold our Selves bound to assure you, that we are perfectly resolved to Joyn in the Charge, and Hazard of the Dispute, with you: and that we are as Una­nimous in This Cause, as if the Treasure of the Nation had but one Master, and the Strength of it, were but directed by the Same Mind. The List of the Subscribers, we have here in Town: If you desire to see it you may: but if Otherwise, we offer to your Prudence to consider, if it may not be of more Advantage, and Security to the Businesse in hand, rather totally to conceal the Subscribers, if not also the Commissioners themselves. For the Thing it self, we are not only Willing, but Desirous to make That Publique. It is of so Honest, and Reasonable a Nature, that no Man Dares oppose [...]t, who dares not be Damn'd; no man Will, that deserves to Live upon English ground: and to conclude, no Man Shall, and escape Unpunish'd. Parliaments are the Constitution Fundamentall of the Nation, the Safeguard, and the Honor of it: nor are we more concern'd to Support them, than to [Page 54] be wary lest we Mista [...]e them. We are to Distinguish betwixt Names and Things, that we be not govern'd by Delusions; Where have we a greater Cheat, than that which stiles it self the Publique Faith? Greater Subverters of our Liberties, than some that write themselves, the Conservators of them? 'Tis not for 40 people to call themselves our Representative. Is't not enough that they have Robb'd us, unless they Govern us too? They'll say we Chose them, so did we chuse above 300 more; and we'll be Rul'd by All, or None of them. Without more adoe, having Formally assured you of an absolute Concurrence from the Na­tion, as to what they have received in Proposition from you: It remains now, only that we recommend some Additionals to you, which we conceive may be of some Benefit to the Com­mon Interest of the whole.

In the First Place we Propose, That no Petition be presented to this Pretended Parliament, from the City of London, and we Under­take as much for our Selves.

Secondly, That no Levies of Men, or Monies, be suffered, in persu­ance of th [...]ir Pretended Acts; and in case of any Force attempted up­on the Refusers, that we immediately Arm our Selves, and by Vio­lence Repell it.

Thirdly, we judge it very fit, in regard of Dangers Imminent, both Forein, and Domestique, That a Free Parliament, be speedily con­vened; the Time and M [...]nner of Summons instantly agreed upon, with a Salvo Jure to all Interests. — (By a Free Parliament, we understand, an Assembly of such Persons as by the Law are Quali­fied to chuse, without any oth [...]r Restreint than what the Law imposes.) Not that we claim to our selves the Right of Calling Parliaments; but the Impossibility of procuring one Regularly; and the Absolute Ne­cessity of having something like one Suddenly: — This is enough to a [...]quit us before God and Men. By these means, all Differences may be composed, all Parties reconciled; and to [...]hese pur­poses we are ready to Sacrifice our Lives, and Fortunes.

We are your faithfull Servants.
January 3. 1659.

[Page 55]UPon the 17 of Ian. Mr. Bampfield, the Recorder of Exceter, delivered a Leading Declaration, to the Pretended Speaker, from the Gentry of Devonshire: Demanding the Readmission of the Secluded Members, and filling up of Voyd Places: without any Previous Engagement. This Netled the Rump; and Drew from Them▪ Another Declaration, (Ian. 23.) wherein they express'd all Tenderness possible for the Publique; in a Fawning, Canting way: and especally Insisting upon such Particulars, as might ten­der their Design of setling in a Free-State, the more Plausible to General Monck: who was now as far as Leicester toward London.

This Declaration, moved me to Print this Ensuing Paper.

A PLAIN CASE. Ian. 24. 1659.

IT were no hard Matter to Trace the Course of Government, thorough all it's sever [...]l Forms, and Mixt [...]res, from the very Fountain of it; and to Deduce the Story, from it's Original in Parad [...]se, down to this wretched Place, and Instant. The Sancti­on, and Assignment of it being proved, (That the Almighty Wis­dom placed ONE RULER over the World) Enquiry might be made into the Reasons, and Equity of those ensuing Changes, which, either Force, Craft, or Agreement afterward produced. To come a little neerer Home: much might be added, concerning our Religion, Parliaments, Magna Charta, &c. — but the Presse groans under the Subject, and the Nation under the Dispute. Conviction puts an end to Argument. The Question is no longer, Right, but Power; and our Reasonings are only An­swered with Blowes. It's true, — in the Infancy of the Quar­rell, when Rebellion, like a Painted Whore, under the Masque of Loyalty, and Conscience, Cheated the People into an Engagement: when onely some Mis-governments, in Church and State were to be Reformed; and that Pretence back't with a Thousand Oaths, to strengthen the Delusion: Dominion and Obedience, Law and Con­science, were then a Proper, and a necessary Theame, to undeceive [Page 56] the Nation, but now 'tis out of Season. The Sword's the onely Iudge of Controversies. Our businesse is, to Talk more Sensibly, and lesse Learnedly. Alas! to tell the Simple, that which they can never understand, and the Wise, that which they know already; Who's the Better for't? The Injuries we suffer, are Notorious; and Understood, as universally, as Felt. The skill would be, to find out a Fair Remedy, for a Foul Disease. In order to that, I shall be Plain, and short: Prove what I say, and keep my self within the Compasse of my Page. This Nation is at this instant, upon the Brink of a Reprochfull, and Ridiculous Condi [...]ion of want, and slavery: Nor is the Truth of our Calamity more evi­dent, than the Reason of it. Half the Revenue of the Land is al­ready shared among the Saints, and in Reward, for robbing us of That, we are to Give the Rest, and purchase our Bondage, dearer, than our Fore-Fathers did their Liberties. Indeed, a Hundred Thousand Pound a Moneth, when we have scarce Money left for Bread, is a modest Proportion: and to endear the Proposition to us, 'tis to maintain a warre against the established Law, and con­summat [...] our Thraldome: After this Tax is paid, they'll Ask no more, but Take the rest without the Ceremony: and we de­serve to Lose All, If we Levy This. By Violence, they keep themselves In, and their Fellowes Out; By Violence, they Sit, and Vote, and Ex [...]cute. They're not the Twentieth part of those we Chose; and then the Quality of the Faction, is as Inconsiderable, as the Number. The Nation looks upon them, as a Herd of Wolves; they live by Blood and Rapine, and 'tis the Publique Inte­rest to Hunt the [...]. They are too Few for us to Fear, too False to Trust, too Wicked, and Imperious, to Obey. 'Tis not their Ianiza­ries that will doe their Businesse, when the whole Body of the People is united against them. The very Souldier that hath Raised them, Hates 'em; as being, at once, Instrumental to their Guilt, and to their P [...]nis [...]ment. They are neither to be Obliged by Oathes, nor by Benefits. How meanly have they treated the very Officers that preserved, and Restored them; and Perfidi­ously, [Page 57] all that ever Trusted them! Those Summes which were designed for the Satisfaction of Publike Accompts, they divide among themselves; and Turn those Troops to Free-quarter, whose Pay is already in their own Pockets. After all this, the Laws must be as well subdued, as the People: no other Title left us to our Lives, and Estates, but what depends upon the Vote of a Legislative Committee. It is already construed Sedition, to Demand, what the Law tells us, is Treason to Oppose: and the bare mention of a Free-Parliament puts our blessed remnant into a Sweat. There's Violence designed upon us, and Violence must meet it. The Axe is laid to the root: the Commune Freedome of the Eng­lish Nation lies at stake; and 'tis our Commune Interest to defend it. The Iust, and peaceable assertion of our Undoubted rights, is Voted Breach of priviledge: and he that draws his Sword to save his Coun­trey, forfeits his head for't. This will not doe. These worthy Squires of the Fagg end must take their Turns too. Suppose the City should refuse the Tax: (the Countries are resolved upon't) How Certain, and Inevitable, is their Ruine? The ve [...]y fi [...]st at­tempt of Force, sets the whole Nation in a Flame. They Rise to­gether, and the Work is done. 'Tis not the stifling of the Presse, can break their Correspondence: nor the Old Cheat of Creating New Plots, that will divert them. These Iugglers have shewed all their Tricks, and the whole World's Convinced of their Inten­tions. The Design walks bare-fac'd. It is now evident, that they purpose to make us perpetual Slaves; and to enure us to no other Law, than the Imperious Will of our hard Masters. Their very best, Friends and Assistants, are now discarded by these Thanklesse Wretches: the Scrupulous, and Congregationall Party being cast in­to the Ballance with the Commune Enemy: and both alike Exclu­ded from the Government they promise us: (to shew, that their Ambition is as well Insociable as Boundlesse.)

To Finish All; what Security or Quiet, can that Faction expect, which never Requited a Friend, or Spared an Enemy? What Com­fort can that Nation look for, that subjects it self to the Faith and Mer­cy, of such a Faction?

[Page 58]UPon the 25 of Ian. Sir Robert Pye, and Major Fincher, were Ordered to the Tower, for Presenting and Subscribing a De­ [...]laration from Ber [...]sh [...]re, for a Free and Full Parliament: It being Voted; A Breach of the PRIVIL [...]GE of PARLIAMENT: SE­DITIOUS, and tending to the Raysing of a New War. The Squires of the Rump; Scot, and Robinson were, by this Time, doing their Complements to his Excellency; and the City-Commissioners, up­on their way toward him: In which Juncture, came forth a Pa­per Entitled

A Letter of General George Monck's; Dated at Leicester 23. Jan. and Directed to Mr. Rolle, to be communicated unto the rest of the Gentry of Devon: — Occasioned by a Late Letter from the Gen­try of Devon: dated at Exceter 14 Ian. and sent by Mr. Bampfield to the Speaker, to be commun [...]cated unto the Parliament.

Read in Parliament, Jan. 26.

To this Letter, I took the Liberty to Draw what followes in Answer. Addressed

To His Excellency, GENERAL MONCK. A L [...]tter from the Gentlemen of Devon: in Answer to his Lordships of January 23. to them directed from Leicester.

My Lord,

THere is a Letter which hath passed the Press under your Name, dated at Leicester 23. Ian. and directed unto Mr. Rolle, to be communicated to the rest of the Gentry of D [...]von: &c. — Whether this be your Excellencies Act or not, is the que­stion. I [...] so it be, we receive it as a noble Respect from General Monk to his Friends and Country men; if Otherwise, we look upon it as the A [...]tisice of an Anti-Parliamentary Faction, under the pr [...]tence of yo [...]r Concurrence and Aid, to Delude and E [...]slave the Nation.

It is one thing for a Person of Honour freely to communicate his Thoughts and Reasonings, (although in favour of a possible [Page 59] mistake) still referring the Issue to the determinations of Divini­ty, and Reason: and it is another thing, for a Confederate Party to charge such a Person with failings properly their own.

To hasten the dispatch of that little we have to say, the Au­thors of this, are of that number to whom your Letter directs. We shall proceed according to our Duties, and Instructions, and briefly acquaint your Excellency with the sense of those that have entrusted us.

We shall begin (my Lord) with the Concession of what wee much Suspect; and take for Granted, that the Letter so inscribed, is really Yours.

We are next to return you the Thanks of your Country-men, for the expressions of your Piety and Care, therein contained; and particularly, — that in the head of your Army, you have rather chosen Arguments of Reason, than of Force. — That you propose the word of God, for your Rule; and the Settlement of the Nation, for y [...]ur End. — That you take notice of many Factions, and Interests introduced, and yet professe a service to None of them. — That you so earnestly desire to Compose Old Differences at Home, and to Prevent New Mis­chiefs from Abroad. — And finally; That you submit the Result of all, to a Fair, and Rational Examination.

To profess, and to persue all this, is but like your self; and to these purposes, we shall not stick to live and dye at your Feet. If upon Discussion of the Reasons you alledge, we assume the Liberty which your Candour allows us, of declaring wherein we differ, we beg to be understood with all tenderness toward your Excel­lency; to whom, as a stranger to our late Oppressions and Ca­lamities, the state of our Affairs, and Affections, may probably be misrepresented.

To observe your own Method; our Letter to the Speaker, im­porting the recalling of the Secluded Members was the occasion of Yours to Us, which sayes, that; ‘Before these Wars our Government was Monarchical, both in Church, and State; but (as the case now stands) Monarchy cannot possibly be admitted for the fu­ture, [Page 60] in these Nations; because it is incompatible with the seve­ral Interests which have ensued upon the Quarrel: viz. the Presbyterian, Independent, Anabaptists, &c. (as to Ecclesi­asticks) and the Purchasers of Crown, and Bishops Lands, For­feited Estates, &c. (as to Civils) by which means, the support it self is taken away; so that the Constitution, qualified to fix all Interests, must be that of a Republique: To which, the Se­cluded Members of 1648. will never agree, many of them being Assertours of Monarchy, and Disclaimers to all Lawes made since their Seclusion: Over and above, that the Army al­so will never endure it. The Conclusion, This; that it were bet­ter for us to desist from that Paper, and rely upon the Promises of this Parliament, for a due Representative: — a Provision for succeeding Parliaments, and a Peaceable Settlement; than by an unseasonable Impatience to embroil the Nation in a fresh Engagement.’

From hence it appears, that we might be allowed a Free Parliament, but for Four Reasons.

First, The Major Part Inclines to Monarchy, and they that have swallowed the Revenues of the Crown, declare against it.

Secondly, The Entangled Interests of this Nation can never be United, but under a Republique.

Thirdly, The Army will never endure it.

Lastly, It would beget a new War, whereas this Parliament promi­ses to settle us in a lasting Peace.

To all which, in Order, and First, concerning Monarchy; (not as the thing which we contend for) we (onely) wonder why it is Prejudged, and particularly, by those Persons who have sworn to defend it. But, my Lord, you have hit the Reason; they have Gained by Dissolving it, and they are afraid to Lose by Restoring it. Having put the Father to Death, whom they Covenanted to Preserve; they Abjure the Son, whom they Fear to Trust. By Force they would Maintain, what by Force they have Gotten. In effect, the Question, is not so much, what Government, as what Gover­nours: [Page 61] A Single Person will down well enough, with the f [...]ercest of them, when it lies fair for any of Themselves. Witness the late Protectour, and the Later Lambert. Briefly, since the Death of the late King, we have been Govern'd by Tumult; Bandy'd from One Faction to the Other: This Party up to day, That to Morrow; but st [...]ll the Nation Under, and a Prey to the S [...]rongest. It is a fee­ble Argument against Monarchy, that we never have been hap [...]y since we lost it: and yet nothing hath appeared to obstruct our Quiet, but the Division of the Boo [...]y ▪ What Hath been, Shall be, so long as this Violence continues over us: nor can any other Go­vernment Settle the Nation, than that which pleases the Univer­sality of it. And in that, we pretend not to direct our Represen­tatives: but which way soever they encline, we shall with our Lives and Fortunes Justifie, and Obey their Appointments.

Whether we have Reason, or not, in this Particular, let your Excellency Judge.

The Second Objection against a Free Parliament, is drawn from the Necessity of a Republique, to reconcile all Interests. To This, we offer, First, that it is not Necessary; next, that it is not so much as Effectual, to that purpose; and Lastly, that a Free Parliament ought to Introduce it, if it were both the One and the Other.

The First we prove thus, It is not the Form of Government, but the Consent of the People, that must Settle the Nation: The Publike Debt, must be secured out of the Publique Stock: and That disposed of by an Engagement of the Publique Faith, to such Ends, and purposes, as the Representative of the Nation shall deem expedient for the Good of it. In like manner may all other Interests be secured; whether of Opinion, or Property, under what Form of Government soever a Free Parliament shall think fit to unite us. That it is not Neces­sary, enough is said. We are now to deduce from your Lord­ships Text, that a Free-State would be as little effectuall also, as to our concerns. You are pleased to intimate the Dangerous In­clination of the People to Monarchy: and to Ballance the Satisfacti­on, the Right, and the Universall Vote of the Nation, with the In­terests [Page 62] of some Few persons, that would Rule us Themselves, (for that's the English of the Settlement they propose.) By this Ar­gument, a Republique, excludes the Negative, and more Consi­derable Interest, in favour of a Small, and a Partial one: and if it be granted, that a Free Parliament will never agree upon a Free State, it follows necessa [...]ily, that That Form will never doe our Businesse. Lastly, what Government soever is forced upon us, must certainly expire with the Force that imposes it; and the Voice of the People (in this case) is the Declaratory Voice of Providence.

The Third Difficulty is. The Army will never endure it. This is to say, You are to be Govern'd by the Sword.

To Conclude; The Fear of a New War, and the Promise of a spee­dy Composure, are the last Suggestions of Disswasion to us.

Alas, my Lord, doe we not see that Parties are uniting against us, Abroad, and we conspiring against our selves at Home? How certainly shall we be Attempted, and how easily Overcome; without such a Medium to Reconcile us All, as may Please us All! but we are promised fair. We beseech you Lordship to consider the Pro­misers. Are not These the People that vow'd to make our Last, a Glorious King? Just such a Glorious Nation will they make of Us. Did they not next Abjure a Single Person; and yet after that, set up ANOTHER, with Another Oath? Not to pursue this Subject further: These Men we dare not Trust, nor any other of that Leaven; we have have no thoughts but of Justice to all Interests; and in order to that Settlement and Good we wish the Nation, we shall empower our Representatives with the Com­mand of all we are worth, and most remarkably evidence our selves, My Lord,

Your Excellencies Servants.
Ian. 28. 1659.

[Page 63]THe Generall wa [...] plyed with Addesses for a Free-Parliament throughout his whole Passage, and the Nation entirely Con­curr'd to the same Effect. Upon Tuesday (Feb. 2.) a Considerable Party of the Red-Coates, Tumulted for Pay; Cast off their Officers, and Formally Engarrison'd themselves in Somers [...]t-House: Pub­liqu [...]ly Reproaching the Rump, and Declaring for the City, and a Free-Parliament. Finding the Citizens well enough disposed to emprove the Mutiny: I appointed Immediately the Printing of Two Papers, directing them to Associate; and in These Terms.

The SENSE of the ARMY.

WHereas the Calamities of this Unhappy Nation, are charged upon those that have ventured their Bloods for the preservation of it; We hold it necessary, to ac­quit our selves, both to God and Men, by declaring to these fol­lowing Particulars:

First, That we will engage our Lives against all opposers of a Free-Parliament.

Secondly, That we will, according to the best of our Knowledge, ob­serve, and cause to be observed▪ the Known Lawes of the Land.

Thirdly, That we will practice no violence, but what we are obliged to, by the Laws of Honesty, and Nature.

Lastly, That we will not leave our Quarters unsatisfied, nor lay down our Arms, without our Pay.

Somerset-House, Feb. 2. 1659.


WEe the Young Men in and about London, doe unani­mously Declare, That we will Assist, and pro [...]ect, to our uttermost, what Party soever we shall find op­prest, for desiring a FREE-PARLIAMENT; And that such of the Souldiery, as shall joyn with us in so necessary and just an [Page 64] Undertaking, shall receive half their A [...]rieres upon the first Rendez­vous, an [...] the Rest upon the Accomplishment of the Work.

Feb. 2. 1659.

LA [...]e at night, The Apprentices drew into a Party in the City, and were scattered by the Army Horse; whereas, had they rather drawn down into the Strand, and joyned themselves with Those in Somerset-House, it was believed by sober Persons, that they might have carried it. About One, in the Morning, the Revolted Party was False-Alarmed and perswaded out of their security, upon Pretense, that if they were not Instantly Po­sted, to hinder Monks Entrance into the Town, they would have all their Throats cut in their Quarters. This Device brought them out, and so That morning, they were Commanded away; Leaving the Town Quiet, and in Condition to entertain Hone­ster Guests. Upon Friday Afternoon (Feb. 3.) his Excellency marched in the Head of his Army to his Quarters at White-Hall: and the Day following, I took the Liberty to shoot another Bolt; under the Title, and Form here-ensuing.

For his EXCELLENCY Generall MONCK.


YOu are too Wise, and Noble, to need either a Direction, or a Spur, where your Iudgement, or Honor lies at Stake: And to tell you, that to make your self the Happiest Person in Nature, you must Deliver us from being the most Miserable People, is but to speak your own Thoughts, and Purposes. Yet such is the Passion I have for your Personall, and for the Publique Good, that a Bur­then lies upon my Soul, till I have given some Testimony of my Respects, and Tenderness [...] both for the One, and the Other, how-supe [...]fluous-soever, toward a Iudgement, and Inclination, so well Qualified for the Knowledge and Practice, of what is Honora­ble.

[Page 65] My Lord, We are a wretched People, and Providence hath put it in your power, to finish all our Troubles. The Eyes of Men and Angels are upon You, and the whole Nation courts You as their Tutel [...]ry Spirit. Never was any Action so easie, and so Glorious at once, as our Deliverance. 'Tis wrought without the [...]azzard, or expence either of Blood, Time, or Trea­sure. The Hearts, the Hands, and Fortunes of the People, are all at Your Devotion. Nay, lest You should submit to be misled by Popular Appl [...]use, Ambition, or any other Frail [...]y; Heaven hath annexed Your Interest to Your Duty, (forgive the Lan­guage) You must be Mad too, to be Wicked, and Quit all other Principles of Beneficiall Prudence, with those of commune Ho­nesty and Conscience. Ballance (my Lord) the main Accompt. Heaven and Hell, are the Difference. One way, You are sure to be as Great and Safe, as Love, and Gratitude can make You; whereas all other Acquisitions are deceitfull. A word now of the means to effect our Quiet; and that with all due respect to better Reason.

First, In the Case of differing Perswasions, be pleased to form such an Expedient, that all may quietly enjoy, and exercise their opinions, so far as they Consist with the Word of God, and with the publique Peace.

Secondly, Appoint an Act of Oblivion to be drawn (if you please) as Comprehensive of all Interests, as care, and skill can make it; and af [...]er this, let a Free-Parliament be called (with this previous En­gagement imposed upon them) That they shall first secure these two Particulars of Conscience and Property, according to the true Inten­tion of the Parties therein Concerned, ere they proceed further; and that they may then apply themselves to other Debates at Liberty▪ and settle what Government they shall think fit. This I presume not to deliver as the Arrogant Imposition of a single Person; but I doe offer it humbly, as the sense of a Numerou [...], and Sober party. Some Mutinous and Peevish Spirits there are, whom nothing can please, but what displeases all the World beside. It were pitty, [Page 66] to alter the whole Frame of the Law, to gratifie the humour of so Inconsiderable a part of the People. Changes are Slow, and Dangerous; God and Truth, are Invariable; We were Well, till We shifted, and never since; having tried all other Postures in vain; were it not better to attempt That once again, than thus ex­pose our selves to be Restlesse for ever?

My Lord,
the Author of this is very much Your EXCELLENCIE'S Servant.
Feb. 4. 1659.

THe City of London, having of late behav'd themselves a little Crosse, disturb'd the self-created Representative exceedingly. The Common-Counsel was too Stout, and Honest, for their purpose. The Aldermen; but an Un [...]oward Mixture: yet those among them that were Right, were Eminently so, and there were not a few that were so. A very Worthy, and Particular Instrument in the Frank carriage of the Businesse, was the Recorder. But Equall to them All was the brave General.

The Rump was now come to a Forc'd Put. Monies must be Rays'd, and the City Subdu'd, or the Good Old Cause is Lost. In Or­der to Both; Out comes the Long look'd for 100000. Tax, upon Tuesday; (Feb. 7.) which was Follow'd with a Negative Resolve of Common Counsel, upon Wednesday: but Thursday was the Bloo­dy Day Design'd, both to his Excellence, and to the Town. (wit­nesse the Resolves it p [...]oduced, as to the City, and the Orders Im­posed upon the General.)

His Excellence having drawn his Forces into the City, so far Comply'd with his respects even to the least Image of Authority, as to Secure diverse Persons, by virtue of an Order, to that express purpose. But to Destroy Their Gates, and Portcullices, he was very Loth; and signifi'd as much to the Members, in a Letter from Guild-Hall, to which, he received in Answer, only a more pe­remptory Command to Proceed, which accordingly he Exe­cuted, [Page 67] the day following, and so returned to his Quarters.

The Resolves (of Feb. 9.) I must not Omit, for they deserve to be Transmitted to Posterity.

Thursday 9 Feb.

THe House received a Report from the Council of State, of some Resolutions taken by the Council, in relation to the City of London.

Resolved, That the Parliament doth approve of what the Council of State hath done, in ordering, That the Commissio­ners for Government of the Army, do appoint Forces to be and continue in the City of London, for preserving the Peace thereof, and of the Commonwealth, and for Reducing of the City to the obedience of the Parliament.

Resolved, That the Parliament doth approve of what the Council of State have done, in ordering that the Commissioners for the Army, do take order that the Posts and Chains in the Ci­ty of London, be taken away.

Resolved, That the Gates of the City of London, and the Port­cullices there, be forth with destroyed.

Resolved, That the Parliament doth approve of what the Council of State, and Commissioners of the Army have done, in Seizing and Apprehending of Mr. Vincent, Merchant in Bi­shopsgate-Street, And Thomas Brown, Grocer in Wood-Street, Da­niel Spencer, in Friday Street, Laurence Brompfield, in Tower-Street▪ Major Chamberlain, Mr. Bludworth, and Richard Ford, in Seething-Lane, Major Cox, at the Swan in Dowgate, Mr. Penning, in Fa [...] ­church Street, and Lieutenant Colonel Iackson.

Resolved, That the present Common-Council of the City of London, Elected for this Year, be discontinued, and be and are hereby declared to be Null and Void, and that the Lord Mayor of London have notice hereof.

Ordered, That it be referred to a Committee to bring in a Bill [Page 68] for the Choice of another Common-Counsel, with such Qualifi­cations as the Parliament shall think fit, with ordet to meet at 8. of the Clock in the Speakers Chamber to morrow morning.

The House likewise read the Bill for setling the Militia of the City of London, and the Liberties thereof, the first time, and re­ferred it to the Council of State, to present names of Commissio­ners for the Militia of the City of London to the House to mo [...] ­row morning.

The Parliament taking Notice of the discreet carriage of the Lord Mayor of the City of Londo [...], in the Late transactions of the Common Council,

Ord [...]red, That the Lord Mayor have the thanks of this House, and that Alderman Atkins do give him the thanks of the Parlia­ment accordingly.

THis day produced likewise a remarkable Petition, Presented by Praise-God Barebones, Pressing, that no man might be Ad­mitted into any pl [...]ce of Trust, except such as should ABjURE A SINGLE PERSON; and further Praying; that it might be Enacted HIGH TREASON, for any man to MOVE, OF­FER, or PROPOUND, in PARLIAMENT, COUNSEL, COURT, or PUBLIQUE MEETING, any thing in order to CHARLES STEVVART, &c. — and that af [...]er such a LAVV ENACTED, it might be deemed HIGH TREA­SON, for any man to move, or Propose the REVOCATION of it.

A man would have thought, these people should have had e­nough already of the Oath of ABjURATION; for nothing did more expose them, than the eagernesse they had formerly u­sed in the promoting of it: which served, only to Eurage the Op­pos [...]rs, and to set up for a Marque, the Infamous Abetters of it. But all this was not s [...]fficient to divert the Gratious Members from a most Particular Order of Thanks to the Petitioners.

Upon S [...]turd [...]y ( [...]h [...] memorable 11th. of F [...]b.) the G neral, [...]inding himself a little more at Liberty, Removed his Quarters in [...]o the Ci [...]y, and there Declared himsel [...], to the Universal Satis­faction [Page 69] of the Nation. (Desiring Particularly, by Letter, the men [...]f Westminster to bethink themselves of their Dissolution)

In the transaction of this Affair, there were [...]o many unto­ward Circumstances, that to Prevent Mistakes, I dispersed S [...] ­veral Copies of this ensuing Narrative.

IN Octob. last, when Lambert scattered the Committee of Westmin­ster his Unluckie Excellency thought it then a fit time to set up for himself; and in the Head of a Phanatique Party, to bid Defi­ance to all the Sober Interests, and Iudgements of the Nation. His Principal assistant in the work was Sir Henry Vane, the Prophet of that Inspired Rabble. The Faction was grown Bold, and Formida­ble; when, to divert the Course, or meet the Fury of it, the General was Invited to draw a Force from Scotland into the North: and In he came, but to a Nobler purpose, than ever they Intended. They Called him in to save Themselves, he Came to save the Na­tion. Upon the first notice of his Advance, Lambert was sent with a considerable Army to meet him, and London left almost with­out a Publique Guard, (such was the Confidence they had in the Anabaptistique Party, which was privately Armed, and Listed in and about the town.) In fine, after diverse Affronts upon, and Tumults in the City, the Souldiery Revolted; the Fugitive Members Returned; Lambert's Army Mouldered away; and his Excellency vanished. Thus far without a Blow; but the more difficult part was still be­hind, (for Treacherous friends, are much more dangerous than pro­fessed Enemies) The General, resolves next, for London: and makes it his design, both in his Passage, and after his Arrive, by all means possible, to avoid blood-shed; His March speaks him a Souldier, and a Gentleman, for it was Regular, and Inoffens [...]ve. The Country courted him upon the way as their Deliverer, and he deserved it; For he hath proved himself no lesse. The strict re­serve he used, was but what best became his Dignity and Prudence; he was too Generous, to betray Another, and too Wise to be be­trayed, Himself. Under this Guard of Honour, and of Caution, [Page 70] he past his Journey; not to trouble you with long stories, how the waies were thronged with Cries and Addresses of the Nation, for a Free-Parliament; what Conference he had with the good Aldermen, what Complements were made him, by the Other men of Westminster, &c. — To come to the Point, upon Friday afternoon, (the third of this Instant February) General Monck took up his Lodgings in White­hall. On the Monday following, his Excellency was conducted by Scot and Robinson, (with the formality of a Mace carried before them,) in o a place commonly called the Parliament-House, where he deliver'd himself according to good Discretion, and soon after return'd to his Lodgings Laden with the Thanks of the House. Tues­day and Wednesday were the General's daies of rest: but not so to the City: for, upon Tuesday the 10 [...]00 l. Tax came out, which Netled the Citizens shrewdly; and the day following, they met in Common-Counsell, to advise upon it. Where they resolved, to ad­here to a former Vote of the Court in the Negative. At the same sitting was communicated a Declaration from Warwi [...]k shire, for a Free-Parliament; it was of a fair signification, and Authority; the Gentlemen that brought it, received the Thanks of the Court; (not to mention the peevishnesse of 2 or 3 Dissenters) 'tis hoped they may be wiser, and honester hereafter; This was a Day of Busi­nesse in London, and produced a Busier Night at Westminster: for the Counsell of State, after a tedious Puzzle and Debate, Issued out Orders to G [...]nerall Monck, for the Reducing of the City, di­recting him to proceed, in such a Method, as they had prescri­b [...]d him. In persuance thereof, his Excellency marched early upon Thursday the Ninth current Horse and F [...]t, into the City; by th [...] means frustrating a Respect which the Court had de­signed him the Day before; Having appointed four Aldermen, and eight Commoners to attend him the next Morning. His entrance in­to the Town, brought all the Horror and Satisfaction with it, I­maginable: nor did the People understand for a long while, w [...]ether they should Curse or Adore him: at last in compliance [Page 71] with his Orders, he seized divers eminent Citizens, and sent them to the Tower, and took up his Quarters that Night in the City; By this time, the People, beyond all doubt, pronounced him the most execrable Creature that ever came within their Walls, not understanding that the Mischief he did them, was but Iest, and the Good he Intended them, was Earnest. That in con­sideration of a weeks Imprisonment, he would reward them, and their Posterity, w [...]th Perpetuall Liberty. This however carried an ap­pearance of severity, which was in effect, but a point of Military Honor; For his Inclination, and Duty in this Action, Led him several waies: as a Souldier he obeyed a Barbarous Order; as an Eng­lishman he made it his care, to take off the edge on't; and he was bound to doe That, this day by Commission, Which he resolved to undoe two dayes after upon a Nobler Principle; upon Friday, (the 10th. of the Moneth, and the la [...]t of his Commission,) the Ge­neral demanded the Cities last Resolve, from th [...] Aldermen; who s [...]ill adhered to their former Judgement. His Excellency, here­upon gave command to demolish the City Gates, and so Returned to Whitehall. (Observe, that his Displeasure, and Commission died together,) For the next Morning, (Saturday,) he made the Town a large Amends: Declaring Solemnly to joyn with them, and their Associates for a Free Parliament; (but having fairly first dis­charged himself to those at Westminster, by a Letter in commune with his Officers; who have behaved themselves as men of Honor in the Businesse. The Truth is, had not the Generall been nimble with them, they had undermined him; for, contrary to Faith and Honesty, to their expresse Agreement, they had not onely en­tred into a secret combination with the Sectaries, but publickly en­couraged their Assemblings and Petitions; and more particularly, contrived the direct Ruine of that Person, who had so lately preserved them. This is a Theame transports me; The Bloody Votes were passed that Dismall Night: Let Nedham tell you; but never was a Joy so Universall; wise men grew mad upon't, and mad men sober. The Cryes, the Bonfires, and the fume of [Page 72] Rosted Rumps, did quite take down the Legislative Stomack; 'Tis thought the Thing at Westminster is vanished. In fine, the Hand of God is in't, his Name be praysed.

Feb. 12. 1659.

THis was not yet enough, to put the Rump out of Countenance. The blessed Members met again as Formally as ever, & Act­ed with a Confidence tha t might exuse the Common peoples Iealou­sie over the General. He was too Wise, to walk too Open: and They not Wise enough to comprehend the Policie of his Reserve. And yet they wanted not a Will to Understand him. They study'd nothing else but his Intentions. That which most puzzled them, was a Confe [...]ence at Alderman Wale's, betwixt S [...]veral of the S [...] ­cluded M [...]mbers, and of the Rump: Joyning to That, His Excellen­cies Answer to a Proposal of Raysing Forces to secure themselves; which was, That He himself would Interpose betwixt the City, and all Danger.

Observing how prejudicial these Mistakes were to the Publique Interest of Se [...]tlement; and with what Art, and Industry, they were Assisted, by the Adverse Party: I took it for a Seasonable, and Good Off [...]ce to do somthing that might Create a better Understand­ing: Or, at the worst, Excite the Citizens, to Act by Tichborn's President, and of Themselves, in Case of any further Baffle or De­lay, in setling their Militia. For these Reasons, I Publish'd this Ensuing Paper.

A Word in Season, to General MONK, (with his Officers, &c.) To the CITY, and To the NATION.

My Lord, and Gentlemen,

YOu are, at present, in the Heart of the Nation, and in the Arms of your Friends: where you are Safe, and Beloved. You have the Strength and Affections of the City, at your [Page 73] D [...]votion, and it is your Commune Interest, to unite in a Con­curence both of Power and Kindnesse. You stand and fall together. You are all of the same Stock; Born to the same Freedom; Subjec­ted to the same Laws; Nurs'd up in the same Religion: And in fine, Obliged by the same Rules of Duty and Wisdom, to promote the same Ends. I might adde, that you are likewise exposed to the same Danger, and from the same Enemy: by whose Hypocrisie, and Skill, should you be D [...]luded into a Belief, of such who never kept F [...]ith, (forgive me) your Reputation is lost, with your Secu­rity; and you Fall, without either Redress or Pity. In this very Instant, while you Treat, the Mine is working. The Instruments and Means of your Destruction are already agreed upon. Some ar [...] employed to Infect your Councils, and Alienate your Souldiers: Others sit among you, to Betray you. What by Open Force cannot be Effected, must be assisted, by a Dagger or Poyson. (You have the Substance of this, already, upon Evidence, and Experiment.) Next to this Caution towards your Professed Adversaries, allow me to propose a more Ingenuous, and Open Clearnesse towards your Use­full Friends. (if it were but to prevent Mis-understandings: Be­side, that the very Doubt is both Injurious, and Painfull) Offices of Respect, and Comfort, ought to be performed with Liberty, and Chear­fullness, without any the least mixture of Scruple, or Reserve. These Frank, and Mutual Enterchanges of Succour, and Advice, beget a Trust, and Kindness; And That's the true Foundation of a happy, and Lasting Union. — That Friendship which admits a Ielousie, w [...]vers.

When You, (My Lord) your Officers, and Army, are become One with this City, you have then but Contracted a nearer Alli­ance with the Nation: whose several Counties, and Divisions, (how remote soever) are (with this Town) but Parts still of the same Body. By a Consent of Interest, and Sense, they Prosper, or they Wither, they Grieve, or Ioy, they [...]ive, or Dye. Nor are they more united in their Interests, than in their Votes, and Resolutions; for they have unanimously engaged with the City, to maintain their Rights, and Liberties, the Reformed Religion, and the Freedom of [Page 74] Parliaments, against all Hazzards, and Oppositions whatsoever. I need not tell your Lordship by what Audacious an [...] Illegal Vio­lences, this D [...]claration and Remonstrance was extorted from them. The Nation stood condemn'd to Servitude, and Beggery, even by those, whom they themselves had Raysed from that Condition, to ag­gravate the Bondage, by the more Intollerable Authors of it. 'Tis now become a Crime, to name a Full, Free Parliament, and Tre [...] ­son to appeal to any other Law, than the Insipid Vote of a Legisla­tive Conventicle. The Gaols are full of Prisoners upon that ve­ry score.

Was it not time, (My Lord) to bid these People hold their Hands, after the expense of so much Blood, and of so many Mili­ons; and all this only to perpetuate a dearer, and a more Infamous Thralldom? The Pulpits were enured to Blasphemie, and Non sense, and the Government prostituted for money, to Persons able to disgrace a Bawdy-House. — These, and the like Indignities, put the Nation upon their Just, and necessary Defence; And in that Pos­ture they now stand Ready, and Resolved.

Your Excellency hath been tender hitherto of Blood, but if a speedy Order be not taken, to Regul [...]te those stragling Troops, that Act still in the Countries, in Opposition to a Settlement, It will come yet to Blows: For questionlesse, in case of a Necessity, th [...] People will not stand still, and suffer themselves to be picked out, man by man, till they be all D [...]stroyed.

The Gentry and Nobi [...]ity, are Slaves to every pedling Pursui­vant. 'Tis but a Warrant from our Masters, and all is Fish that comes to Net: No matter for a Crime, if there be Booty. All that the People ask, all they design, is but the Benefit of the Law. Will any English man deny it us? First, They have sworn to defend it; Next VVe have sworn, [...]ather to dye, than lose it. This Factio [...] hath cost the Nation more than 60. Millions, besides the Blood they have Lapp'd: and yet 100000. l. a Month, and not a farthing lesse, will do their Businesse, that is, 5 [...]00. l. a Man, or some such Trifle: For that, the Iunto shares; perhaps the Souldier, once in a [Page 75] year, or 2. may get his Mornings draught, and then be turn'd to Graze upon Free Quarter; and hang'd for Mutiny, if he but talks of Money. Its the trick they served all that have served them. Who ever strikes, or payes on their behalf, fights but for Bondage, and contri­butes to his own Chaines. If they had any Fa [...]ih, they might be Trusted. But Oaths go down with them like Pills of Butter, they are dissolved, as soon as taken. That Perjury which would poyson a good Christian, is but their Nutriment. Nay worse than Wolves, they are False to their own Kind, and enter-worry one another. I should be endlesse, to pursue this Subject till I want Matter. In brief, My Lord, look to your self, and to your Friends; Life and Death are before you, Chuse. May Heaven direct and bless your Coun­sels and Endeavours, so far, as you proceed with Pietie and Honour. To prevent Mistakes, I do declare, that there are divers moderate and sober Persons, in the Mixture, for whom I have a fair Respect, and that the tartnesse of my Language, only concerns the Furious and Phanatique of them.

A word now to the CITY; and that a short one.] Gentlemen, upon your fair compliance with the General, depends much of your safety: that is, so far as he comports himself with terms of Prudence, Equity, and Honour; (and he is too Noble, to go Lesse) next, to himself, you find his Officers, of an Ingenuous, and clear Conversation; and worth your Friendships, their Commands a­part; you likewise find the body of the Army Civil, and well disci­plin'd, you do exceeding well to pay them all due respects: and to joyn Interests, and Councils, with them; — you have done Wisely, Honestly, and Bravely too, to oppose Taxes: that is, Taxes imposed without a Law, — to be employed against your selves; — and such, as had you granted them, your President would have extended to enslave your Posteritie. — Your care next, to disarm the Sectaries, was very seasonable, Your City had probably been in Ashes else by this time. Consider, they bear the same mind [Page 76] still, and where they had those weapons they can quickly have more. You cannot be secure without your Militia, nor can any thing fairly obstruct your Procurement of it: In Tichburn's Case, it was by the Commons ordered, that any six of the Common-Counsell (upon emergent occasions) might send for the Lord Mayor to call a Common Counsell, and in case of default, call it themselves, and any 40. of them, to have power to act as a Common-Councell, with­out the Lord Mayor, any thing in their Charter to the contrary Not­withstanding: See the Hist. of Independency, part 2. p 83. Not to exceed my limits, Forget not your suffring Friends, and stand firm to your Associates, and Allies. He that tamely suffers One Injury, Provokes Another.

Now to the NATION, for a Farewell.] I need not presse my Country-men with many Cautions, your Freedom of Elections, that's your Birth-right; 'Tis that you all declare, to Live & Dye for, you are too wise, to be cheated with Restrictions and Qualifications: as if the Question were the Number, rather than the Choice, at this rate, you may have a full House, indeed; but How? That is, full of the Brats, the Kindred, and the Partizans of those that sit al­ready; and then, they that have gull'd you all this while, shall go­vern you for ever, your very Declarations against the Present Ty­ranny, have brought you to that Point, that there's no safety left you, but in violence; for while you talk, you dye, your scattered Friends are gathered up, one by one; whereas, your SEASON­ABLE UNION MAKES ALL SURE.

As your Intentions are Honorable, so let your Actions be. How far the Law extends, in case of Brutish, and Illegal cruelty, see St. Iohns Argument against the Earl of Strafford; and with That I conclude: He that would not have had others to have Law, why should he have any himself? Why should not that be done to him, that himself would have done to others? It is true, we give Law to Hares and Deers because they be Beasts of Chase; it was never accounted either cruelty, or fowl play, to Knock Foxes and Wolves on the head, [Page 77] as they can be found, because thes [...] be Beasts of Prey: The Warrener sets traps for Powlcats and other Vermin, for Preservation of the VVarren.

Feb. 18. 1659.

ABout This time, the Schismatiques had all their Instru­ments at work to disappoint the Generall Design, and Hope of a Free Parliament. The Bolder, and the more Ingenious sort of Honest men were Gather'd up, by Flying Troops, that they had every where Di [...]pers'd to hinder a Con­junction: nay, they were come to That Degree of Impudence, to threaten Banishment, and Sequestration to the whole Party of Declar [...]rs. Nor did they Act these Outrages upon the Gentry, without a due regard of Popular, and specious Application to the Vulgar. The House should be Immediately Fill'd: — The Form of the VVrit was already Published: — The Qualifi­cations, Agreed upon; — and in Fine; — They would Instantly proceed to a Settlement of Church and State: — (what would they more?) In the mean while; The Presses are at Work; by Libells against the King; — By Arguments of Interest; and by False Intelligence, to Corrupt, and Deceive the People. No Stone is left unturn'd. The Common-wealtbmen. They're a Birding too; and Tell their Little Tales of Rome, and Venice. Nor does the Generall himself escape their wild At­tempts; either upon his Honesty, by Large and Insignificant Dona­tions; or else by Plots against his Person. The Party had their Friends too in the City; either, by Tedious Speeches, From the Point, to make their Meetings Fruitlesse: or upon Frivolous Pre­tenses to Delay the very Calling of a Counsell; Retarding the Mi­litia by that means, to the great Hazzard of the whole Af­fair.

[Page 78]This was the Face of Things, when the Brave Generall Cleer'd the way for the Return of the Secluded Members, who being En­tred (Feb. 21.) fell Instantly upon the Nulling of those Sputious Orders, which Related to their First Seclusion in Dec. 1648. Pro­ceeding Thence, to the Enlarging, and Confirming of the Ge­nerall's Commission: and the disabling of the Rump's Commis­sioners for the Government of the Army. — The Dis­charging of Prisoners, Illegally Committed: — and the Appointment of a new Convention, (Apr. 25. — 1660.) — In Fine; they had enough to doe for one while, to Vacate the mis doings of their Predeeessors: which thing it self they did, with all convenient Modesty, and Tendernesse. As their Businesse was onely to Settle the Nation, without Perpetuating Themselves; so did they make all Haste was Possible, to Finish it. The Mili­tia's, they Placed in Good Hands: and Empowred a Counsell of State to Govern in the next Intervall, which being done, and Pro­vision made for a New Election; (March 16.) they Dissolved Themselves.

The Independent Gang were strugling now for Life; and La­boured by a Thousand Shifts, and Cheats to make a Party in the new Militia. During That Transaction; I caused this Following Paper to be Published.

A Seasonable Word.

I Do not write out of an itch of Scribling, or to support a Faction; my Duty bids me write.—Nor do I love Hard words, or Many, Plain, and Few, suit all Capacities and Leisures. I would be Read by all, and Understood by all: for my Business extends to all. — Not to spend time in Com­plement, or Apology; The Readers Wisdome, or the Authors Weakness, is not the Question. The Nation is in Distress, and every English­man must lend his hand to save it. Nay, That must be done Quick­ly too, and Vigorously; Delay is Mortal. Can any thing be more Ridiculous, then to stand Formalizing, in a Case, where 'tis impos­sible to be too early, or too zealous? The event of things takes up our thoughts, more then the Reason of them; what Newes, more than what Remedy; As if it concerned us rather to know, whose Fools and Slaves we shall be next, then to be such no longer. That which completes the Wonder, and the Oversight, is, That the Mise­ries we suffer, were before hand, as easily, to be Fore-seen and Prevented, as they are now to be Fel [...]: and we are only to look Backward, to take a perfect measure of the Future; so obvious, and formal is the Method, that leads to our destruction. If we are not in love with Beggery, and Bondage; let us at last bethink our selves of Freedom, and from a due inquiry into the Rise, and Growth, and present State of our Calamities, learn to be wise, and Happy, for the time to come.

[Page 80]It may be observed, that since Church-men dabled in Politiques, and States-men in Divinity, Law and Religion have been still sub­jected to the Sword: and in [...]ff [...]ct, those same Excursions, and A­dulterate mixtures, are but the workings of a Party already in motion toward that End. He that designes a Change of Government, must be­gin by imposing a Delusion upon the People: and whatsoever is Necessary to his Purpose, must be Accomodate to their Humour.— The Pulpet, by false glosses, and Puzzling distinctions, under the Doctrine of Conditionate Obedience, sugges [...]ing Liberty, cousens the Multitude into a Rebellion. Oaths and Covenants, are but like Iugglers knots, Fast or Loose, as the Priest pleases— The Weaker sort being thus prepared, and poyson'd, by a Seditious Clergy; 'tis then the Statesman's part to push those Mutinous Inclinations into Action: and to divide the Cause betwixt Conscience, and Property, the bet­ter to involve all Interests in the Quarrel. — Under the Masque of Piety, and Publiqueness of Spirit; of Holy men, and Patriots; the Crafty cheat the Simple; engaging by those specious pretenses, the Rash, mis-judging People, (with good Intentions; but wanting Care and Skill) in Sacrilege, and Treason.

This was the very Root, and this hath been the Process of our Evills. Under the notion of Gods glory, the Safety, and the Honour of the King: — the Fundamentall Lawes, and Freedomes of the Peo­ple: —the Priviledge of Parliaments, &c. the Kingdome was gul­led into a Complyance with an Ambitiou [...], and Schismaticall Faction. The main Pretense, was the Assertion of the Subjects Legall Rights, against the grand Prerogative; and That, — directed only to the Limitation of an Intended, Arbitrary Power: — the Regulation of such and such Mis-Governments, &c.— and all this— Saving their Allegeance to His Sacred Majesty; whose Person, Crown, and Dignity, they had so often, and so deeply sworn to maintain —This was a Bait so Popular, it could not fail of drawing in a Party; and That produced a War,— The Formal Story of the Quarrel, is little to my purpose: the Logique of it, Less, — How, by the same Authority of Tent, and Law, both King and People, could be [Page 81] Iustifyed, one aganst the other; I meddle not. Let it suffice; that after 6. Years Conflict, — a vast profusion of Blood and Treasure, — The King, a Prisoner,—and his whole party scattered, and disarmed: the Commons found themselves dispos'd to end our Troubles; and passed a Vote to Treat with His Ma [...]esty in Order to a Settlement. This met with little opposition, except from those, who having Gorged themselves already, upon the publique ruine, were not yet satisfyed without their Sovereigns Blood—The death of Monarchy it self; —and the subjecting of a Tame, and Slavish People to a Conventicle of Regicides. There were not many of so deep a Tincture; but what these few could not [...]ff [...]ct by Number, they did by Force. For, upon the 6th. of Decemb. 1648. Sir Hardresse Waller, Pride, and Hew­son, —Seized and Emprisoned 41. of the Commons House; — Clapp'd Guards upon all passes leading to it;— Some 160 more, were given in upon a List to those that kept the Door, with an express direction from severall Leading Members to oppose their Entrance; —a matter of 40 more withdrew, for fear of violence. Their Crime was only the carrying of a Vote for Peace (already mentioned) the day be­fore. This action was so Enormous, that the very Contrivers of it were ashamed to own it: transferring That upon the Army-Officers which was done by their own appointment. They passed however a Formall disallowance of the violence, and ordered their discharge; which yet the Officers refused (upon a Combination now most evi­dent) —Observe this,

That which in 48. they told us was an act of the Army-Officers, in 59. they call a Iudgment of Parliament; and they justifie and continue That very Seclusion, by a Vote of Ian. 5.59.— Which they Themselves Con­demned and Discharged by severall Orders in Dec. 48. The Particu­lars of these Transactions, are excellently delivered by Mr. Prynne, (the Honour of the age) in his true and perfect Narrative, as also, in the Declaration of the true state of the Secluded members, and in the History of Independency.

Return we now to the great Test of the Spirits, and Designs of the several Parties, and Members of the House, and from that [Page 82] Judgment, and Discrimination of Persons, and Humours, we may learn seasonably to provide against After-claps. This Blow brake the House of Commons into Three Pieces: — One Party, adhered to the Vote,—opposed the Violence;—Declared against it,—Claimed from time to time, their own and the Peoples Rights,—Pleaded the Covenant, and their Declarations, and stood it out. The Second sort, was not so well prepar'd for Martyrdom; a kind of Barnacle, neither Fish nor, Flesh. This was a Party, that Flew off at first, but soon retracted; —Herded again, and went along for Company; my Charity per­swades me well, of diverse of them, and that they mixed, ra­ther in hopes to moderate the Rest, then in Design to strengthen them: A Party rather Weak, and Passive, than Malicious. But nothing can excuse those sons of Belial, the periur'd Remnant; no, nor ex­press them — Beside their Oathes and Covenant, they have above a hundred times, in Printed Declarations, renounced the very Thought of what they since have executed. Read the Exact Collecti­ons, We are (say they) so far from altering the Fundamental Constitution, and Government of this Kingdom by King, Lords and Commons. That we have only de [...]ired, that with the con­sent of the King, such Powers may be setled in the Two Houses, without which, we can have no Assurance, &c. These are the very words of their Declaration, April 17. 1646 published by the House of Com­mons, alone, toward the end of the war, and most remarquably entitu­led,—A Declaration of their true Intentions, concerning the Antient Government of the Nation and securing the People against all Arbitrary Government.— Let this Quotation serve for All, lest I exceed my Limits. Not to insist upon things known, and publique.— How faithfully these People have managed their Original Trust, - how strictly they have kept their Oaths and Promises, — how tenderly they have observed the Laws, and asserted our Freedoms; — bow poor they have made themselves, to make us Rich; — how Graci­ously they have assumed the Legislative power; and then, how modestly they have exercised it: — In fine; — How Free, and happily we lived under their Government; till Oliver plai'd Rex among them and [Page 83] threw them out by a Trick of their own Teaching. This was in April 1653. It were worth the while, to enquire into the good they did us, during that 6 years Session, but that I leave to Needham. Nor shall I far examine the Protectors Reign; by whose advice; — by what assistance; — or by what Laws he ruled? — how many of our late Republicans forgate themselves, and sware Allegiance, to a single Person. How many things like Parliaments, he dispe [...]sed.) — It is enough; at last, he died. Died, — in despight of Priests, and Po­ets; Goodwin, &c. The former telling him from Heaven, that he should scape that Fit, the Other telling us, — (so needlesly.) —

His Highness, having other things to think on, left his successor doubtfull, till (as they say) His Secretary, (Then, one of Ours, now) with Goodwin, (His Prophetique Confessour) Swore his son Richard into the Protectorship. But he (Good Gentleman) did not much hurt, but peaceably resigned to Fleetwood, and Disborough; and They, quite at a Loss for want of Brains and Courage, called in the Fag-end of the old House, to their assistance: So that those Members, which Dived, in April 53. came up again, upon the 7th. of May, 59. and acted as impetuously as ever: Till they were once again u [...]seated, by the Army; the 13. of Octob. last, and then, the Committe of Wallingford­house was invested with the Supreme Authority: ('Tis but a slippery Title that of the Sword) This change, gave General Monk occasion to shew his Charity to his Native Countrey; by whose Generosity, and Conduct, the Honest and Suffering Party was relieved, and the Pha­natique Army dispersed, without Blood. Hereupon, the Souldjery tack'd about once again; — Lamented their backslidings; and on the 26th. of Decemb. following the Good-Old-Cause-men, re-enthron'd themselves: more eager now, than formerly, against the Re-ad­mission of the secluded Members. This barbarous, and Arbitrary proceeding, put the whole Nation upon a necessity of procuring a Free and Full Representative: to which end, they proposed Modestly, and Fairly, the Restoring of the Excluded Members, and Filling up the House; or else, the Liberty of a New, and Legal choyce. For bringing Letters to this purpose, Sir Robert Pye, and Major Fin­cher [Page 84] were imprisoned. This was an Insolence too grosse, to doe much Mischief, but to Themselves. Are these the men, (the People cryed) that put the King to dea [...]h, only upon Pretence of a Design, to Erect and Uphold in himself, an Unlimited, and Tyranni­cal Power, to Rule according to his Will, and to overthrow the Rights, and Liberties of the People, Yea, to Take a­way and make Uoid the Foundations thereof, and of all Re­dress and Remedy of mis-Government, which by the Funda­mental Constitutions of this Kingdom, were reserved on the Peoples behalf, in the Right and Power of FREQUENT AND SUCCESSIVE PARLIAMENTS? (these are the words of the cha [...]ge) — That which was Treason in our Lawfull Prince, how comes it to be Law, now with these Fellowes? They took away the Kings Life, for but Intending, the very thing they Act; and we are to be Hang'd, for Asking only That, they sware they Fought for. No; —they are a Pack of cheats; They Murthe [...]ed Him, that they might Rule, Themselves. The Plot was grown so Rank, the Commune People smelt it; and without more adoe, associated to free themselves, from an infamous and perpetual bondage. Witness that Union, (in their De­clarations) both of Demand and Resolution; against the Equity whereof, no man hath hitherto pretended the least Objection.

The Supreme Trifle; perceiving, an Universall Application to the Generall, in his passage; and all, speaking the same Sence; Find­ing withall, that his Excellence suspended, till he might hear Both Parties; and Conscious to Themselves, of no imaginable Reason to Oppose: Beside: —Seeing themselves Declined, and Hated;— Na [...], and Endangered by a Peremptory Agreement of the Nation;— They did, at last, most graciously descend to promise us a full Re­presentative; but no Secluded Members, to be admitted, nor, in ef­fect, any other then Phanatiques.

His Excellency, well weighing, what was Reasoned pro & con: made way for the Return of the Secluded Members. This Iustice, brake [...] neck of a Design, just then on Foot. This is the short on't.— [...] w [...]re to be held at Ga [...]e, in expectation of a further satis­faction; [Page 85] till those Troops which the Backside had ordered to that pur­pose, should have seised all the considerable Persons of the Kingdom. Nay, they were impudent enough, to tempt the General himself into a Complication with them: But he was too discreet, not to distinguish where to observe, and where to Leave them. In fine, That providence, which stills the raging of the Sea, and the madness of the People, hath put a check to their Impetuous and, brutish fury.

Next to our Gratitude to Heaven, let's have a care, not to be wanting in point of prudence to our Selves. Nothing undoes us but Security. We see, who are our Friends, and who our Enemies; whom we may trust, and whom we must not. We have paid dear for our Experience, and, sure, we have a Title to the Benefit of it. Let us look Back, and learn, from Thence, the menage of the Future.

It is a tedious while, this Nation ha's been toss'd betwixt Two Factions; One in the Army, the Other in the Counsel; Both, well e­nough Agreed to destroy Us, but Jealous still, One of the Other, as Don sayes of Ignatius, concerning his Competitor in Hell, He was content he should be Damned, but loth he should Govern. That's all the Quarrel: the Vizor of Religion, is thrown aside long since. The Conventicle cheats the Souldier this day; and he falls upon the Rump, the next: in short; they do but watch one the other, at the publick charge; they may s [...]arle where they please, but they bite none but us, and at the worst, forgive their fellow-Theeves for robbing Ho­nest Men. This hath been their practise near these dozen years. Are we not yet convinc'd, that 'tis impossible it should be otherwise, while the same people Govern us, with the same aim, and bound up by no other Laws, than their Own Wills? I do not press any resistance, Now; but, certainly, a readiness to protect Honester men, in Case of an Attempt, were not amiss. We see, how dirtily they have used the General, and how unworthily their Instruments have laboured the Army into a direct Tumult; and all this in order to a New Vio­lence upon the House. We see, what Iuggling is used in the MILI­TIA: as foysting in false Lists, to cast the strength of the Nation into the hands of mean, and Factious pers [...]ns. What ind [...]stry, to hold [Page 86] us still unsetled, by throwing in impertinent, and dangerous Scru­ples, to delay (at the Fairest) if not disturb the long desired Peace we pray for.— He that ha's either Honor in his Bloud, or Honesty in his Heart, is Reproached with a King in his Belly. — Then, for the Qualifications, these goodly Squires would have thrust upon us, are they not pleasant? One man of For­ty shall be allowed to Vote, or Sit, and the other 39. must call That a Free-Parliament, and swear, it Represents [...]he People.—We are not so Blind yet, nor so Forgetfull, as not to see, and know, some [...]oxes and some Asses, in the Medly; All are not Saints we call so.—We do remember, who they were that ruled in 48. and we are sensible, what they would do still, if they had Power.—We know, who brought in, who; but the Markets raised; our Heads will not off now at Fifty shillings a Hundred, as formerly. In fine, let the General, the Seclu­ded Members, and the Honest Souldjers, live Long, Happily, and Belo­ved; and let the Rest take their Fortune. I could only wish his Excel­lency had been a little civiller to Mr. Milton; for, just as he had fi­nished his Modell of a Common-Wealth, directing in these very Terms, the Choyce;—men not addicted to a Single Person, or House of Lords, and the Work is done. In come the Secluded Members, and spoyle his Project. To this admirable discovery, he subjoynes a sutable Propo [...]ition in favour of the late sitting Members, and This is it, having premised the Abilities and Honesty, desirable in Ministers of State, he recommends the Rumpers to us as so Qualified; advises us to quit tha [...] fond Opinion of s [...]ccessive Parliament; and suffer the Per­sons then in Power, to perpetuate themselves under the name of a Grand or Gene [...]all Cou [...]sell, and to rule us, and our Heirs for ever. — It were great pitty th [...]se Gentlemen should lose their longings: One word, and I have done. We live in dayly expectation of Writs for another Session, if they Leave us as free, as they Found us, 'tis W [...]ll: if Not; 'tis but to Turne the Tables, and try Their menage of a Losing Game.

[Page 87]THe Great Designe was now, to Disappoint the Hopes we had of Good from the Next Convention, by Continuing Themselves; or at the least, to Fool the People into an Expectation of the same Benefit from the Rump, which we promised our Selves from a Free Parliament, and that way to Procure an Interest in the Next Session. In order to this pittiful purpose, comes forth a wretched Pamphlet, Entit'led

No New Parliament.

OR Some Quaeres or Considerations humbly offered to The Present PARLIAMENT MEMBERS.

☞ The Occasion rather, then the thing it self, drew from me This Answer.

Quaere for Quaere, &c.

ALthough That Pamplet, which Occasions This, considered in it self, is not Worth a Reply: Yet in regard of the Contri­vers, and of the End it tends to, it may Deserve one. I look upon it as nothing else, but the Phanatiques late Petition slic'd into Quaeres, by some unskilful hand; and with a Harmless kind of Simple Malice, directed to elude the Iustice and Necessity of their great Patrons Dissolution.

I shall not much insist upon the businesse, beyond the Obligation of a Formal Answer: but I shall take such heed to That, as to leave little place for a Return; and in the rest, make the old saying good, [Page 88] that One Fool may ask more Questions, than T [...]enty Wise men can Answer.

His Quaere's are as follows.

1. Whether this be not the Parliament, and these the Persons, who began the War with the late King? And if so, whether it doth not highly and neerly concern them even for their own sakes, to be the Parliamen [...] that shall take up, and Cloze the Quarrel, and not leave it to others, especially, if as the general voice goes, the Kings Son must be brought in?


THis is not the Original Parliament; That was compos'd of Three Estates; King, Lords, and Commons. Further; These very Persons now sitting, Declar'd the King, a Party with them in the Quarrel; beginning the War in the Kings Name; —For Him, not With (that is, as it lies here Against) Him. If Thus; the House must be Divided as well now in the Question, as formerly it was so in the War. The Parliament (even in the Querists sense) were those that (suitably to their Duties and Engagements) Voted a Peace, in order to the Preservation of his Majesty, but there was a Faction too, that contrary to Honour, Faith, and Conscience, did forcibly se­clude their Honester Fellows, (by much the Major Part) and Prose­cute, and put to Death the King; Those that have been Honest, are Safe: nay and so should those be too, that will at last be so, by my Consent: but I Demand,

What Equity or Reason is there, that those Persons who Murthered the Father, and are still professed Enemies to the Son, should have an Equal Benefit with Others, that were Affronted for their Loyalty to the Former, and are at present upbraided (as if 'twere Criminal) for their Affection to the Latter? If the Kings Son must be brought in, whether they will or no, what have we to do further with those people, that Declare they'll keep him Out, if they Can?

2. Whether this Parliaments first undertaking and prosecuting the War with the Late King wer [...] Iust, and upon good and Warrantable Grounds? [Page 89] If it were (as no doubt it was) and God having by his Providence, after a long Interruption of some of them, and a longer Seclusion of the rest, restored them to their trust, whether they ought not now to stand to their first Good principles, maintain their first Good Cause, and secure all the good people that have been engaged with them, and by them?


THe War was Iust, in that part of the Parliament, which Decla­red for the King, and Acted accordingly, but Unjust in th [...]se that Swore to Preserve him, and Intended to Murther him. That the Par­liament ought to stand to their first Good Principles; we are Agreed. In so doing; they are to bring to condigne punishment, —the Infringers of their Privileges, —the Introducers of Arbitrary power, the Obstructors of Successive Parliaments; The Murtherers of the late King —the Sub­verters of the Establish'd Government, &c.

I grant you further, that they are obliged to secure all the good peo­ple that engaged With them and by them; but not consequently all those that acted violently Against and Without them, —now my Question.

How is it possible for those that Began upon Principles of Contra­diction, (as the Saving and Destroying of the King, &c.) to stand to their First principles?

3. Whether this be not that Parliament, and these the very persons, who by the good esteem they had among the people of their Integrity, Faithfulnesse and Constancy; whether I say, this be not the Parliament, who by these and other means engaged the Honest, and well Affected of the Land in the aforesaid War? And if so, whether this Parliament having now power in their hands, are not obliged in Duty and Good Con­science to secure all the said Honest and well affected people for this their Engaging and Acting under them, and not leave them as a prey to their professed enemies, nor their terms of pece to be made by they know not whom? Another Parliament, which there is too great cause to fear, will be too much made up of such as neither have been nor are friends to the Parliaments cause, nor to those that engaged in it.


'Tis not the Gaining of a good Esteem, but 'tis the practice of Integrity, that recommends a Worthy person. I may believe well of a Cheat, and ha' my pocket pick'd. But after that; I should deserve a Yellow Coat, ever to trust that fellow Again, though he should plead, he had my good opinion formerly. —Some I confesse are yet in Being, of those whose Interest raised the War, but these are not the men our Quaerist means: (and beside; the most considerable of that number, are in their Graves.) For the rest; (to wave this Argument from Power to Conscience.—) Those people that dare not abide the test of a Free, Legal Parliament, must not presume to a [...]t themselves, as an Authority without Law, or Limit. In fine;— If this be the Same Parliament, that first engaged—then—

Why should the Secluders, and their Adherents; —Those which by Force of arms Baffled this very Parliament, in 48. 'scape better then the Cavaliers that fought against it, in 42?

4. Whether this be not the Parliament, who by many Declarations and Remonstrances, by Protestation and Vow, by Solemn League and Cove­nant have declared and engaged themselves before God, Angels, and Men, and have thereby drawen in, and therewith engaged all Honest people to assert and defend their just undertaking, and one another there­in? Whether as things now stand, (when this just Cause, which through Gods assistance could not be won from us in the field, is in great danger to be stoln from us by the dark contrivances of its and our adversaries) if this Parliament should dissolve at such a time as this, and leave all, both Cause and all engaged by them in it to another Parliament, the great­est part whereof may be no friends but enemies, or at least strangers, or but little concerned in the first undertaking; whether this would not be exceeding contrary to all those Former Declarations, Remonstrances, Protestation, Vow, and Solemn League and Covenant?


I Do allow— the Members of this present Session, are those persons that stand engaged by Oath and Covenant: and to that OATH [Page 91] and COVENANT, we appeal.—For Granted; they stand bound to protect all the HONEST people they have engaged; but not the KNAVES,—the Covenant-Breakers; I desire only this.

Whether or Not, are they that took the Covenant, bound to protect the Violaters of it? — Nay, can they purge themselves of mani­fest Perjury and Complication, should they not prosecute the obstinate Opposers of it?

5. Whether it be not more then sufficiently manifest what will [...]e the carriage of these Enemies to the Parliaments Cause, and its Adheren [...]s, when they get power into their hands, since they are so forward already in their discourses to charge the Parliament with Treason and Rebellion in their first Undertaking the War, and lock on all their Friends as Re­bels and Traytors for assisting them in the prosecu [...]ion of it, and who are now in all places contriving and promoting the electing of such into the New Parliament as are Enemies to the present Parliament, their Friends and Cause, wherein if they prevail (as 'ti [...] too likely) their work is done? How absolutely necessary is it then for the present Parliament to continue their Session, for prevention of these Mischiefs, which otherwise will ensue.

Upon these and many other very weighty considerations, it can by no means be accounted either honourable, or just, or safe or prudent, for the present Parliament to dissolve themselves, till first they have fully assert­ed and vindicated their own just Undertaking, and the faithful adherents to it and them, and not to leave both themselves and their Friends to the Malice and Revenge of a vanquisht Enemy.

If this should be, we may bid adieu to the Honour and Renown of English Parliaments, and to all future hopes of assistance from the Peo­ple, whatever the Necessity may be: And let English men bid farewell both to their Civill and Religious Liberties, if after so high a Conflict for them, with the expence of so much Blood and Treasure, and having by Gods blessing subdued their Opposers, yet after all to be exposed to a farr worse Condition then before, which O God forbid: We hope for bet­ter things from our present Parliament: All that we add, is only this, If the King must come, none so fit to bring him as our present Parliament.


'TIs not the Parliament is charged with Treason, but that Rebelli­ous Faction;—that, by an Insolence, praevious to the Murtherof his Sacred Majestie. threw out the Major Party of their Fellow-Mem­bers, which interposed to save him—and 'tis in their behalfs, this pittifull, half-witted Pamphleter engages. Should these Gentlemen sit, till they found a Free Parliament their Friends, they'd hardly Rise betwixt This, and the Day of Iudgment: and thats all they de­sire. Alas! a Trifle.—The care they take of our Religion, and Civill Rights, in truth, is a great favour from them, that never un­derstood their Own.—If the more sober, conscientious Persons at the Helm, think not fit to dissolve so soon; the IONASSES, however must be thrown over-board, to save the Vessel.—He that dis­sents, let him produce his Reasons: and in Particulars, but shew what Good, they've either Done, or Meant us; to Ballance the Calami­ties they have ingaged us in. I should be Glad to see these Men Re­pent; Hardly, to see them Govern.—These Folks are Ruined, if they doe not Rule; the Nation. if they doe.—The Question then is but—

Whether is more prudential; by saving of some half a score Secluders, that We should Perish; or by their SPEEDY DISSOLUTION, that we should save our selves?

A Free Course of Successe against the Rump, had put the People upon a Iollier Pin; Their Humour was quite chang'd; They thought the Danger Over, and it was now b [...]come a Thing Unseaso­nable to be Serio [...]s.

Accounting it expedient however, through all Forms to Follow them, and Fool for Comp [...]ny, I was content to play the Mimique; as you may see in that which follows, Entit'led

No Fool to the Old Fool.

HEark ye my Masters; — for one half quarter of an hour now, let's be as Wise as Woodcocks; and talk a little Treason. Why should not We thrive in the World as well as our Neighbours? Had not other people Heads and Souls to lose as well as We? If men will be Damn'd, they had better Damn Rich than Poor; as Bradshaw and the Attorney General Damn'd.— Believe me,—three or fourscore thousand pound is a convenient Plaster for a Broken Head; there's something to bear Charges yet. Beside, There's Power and Plenty.—They Cousen whom they please:— Hang and Draw at Will;— they keep their Lacquays and their Whores: and at the last they go to Hell in Triumph. They have their Blacks & Elegies, and leave the State to pay the Draper and the Poet. Twould make a man be-pisse himself, to see the soft and tender-hearted Needham, weeping (like Niobe, till he turns Stone) over the Tomb of Bradshaw,— to see him Cry with one Eye, and laugh with the other, and yet the Tragi­comical Puppy keep his Countenance. The Tears of such a Saint cannot but fall, like Drops of Lambeth Ale, upon the Tongue of Dives, —how great a Consolation was it (think ye) to the late Protector to finde himself placed at the right hand of God by Sterry? (that Blasphemous, bold Phanatique) of whose Condition, Charity it self can scarce admit a comfortable thought. For, after a long Course. of Treason, Murther, Sacrilege, Perjury, Rapine, &c. he finish'd his accursed Life, in Agony, and Fury; and without any mark of true Repentance. You'll say, he was the Br [...]ver Villain for't.— Crimes of this large Extent have indeed something that's Masculine to allay them. But to be Damn'd for Sneaking; To purchase Hell at the price of all that is pleasant Here: [Page 94] —to contract Sin and Beggery, in the same Act and Moment; This is the most Imprudent and Ridiculous wickednesse that may be. He that Indents with the Devil, has a merry Bargain, compar'd with Us; There's Time, and Pleasure. Here; the Vengeance treads upon the H [...]e's of the Offence; and the Punishment of our Misdoings is the next immediate Effect of th [...]m. In Paying Taxes, to an Usurped Power; There's a Defection from the Right, and a Complyance with the Wrong, which renders us doubly Criminal, — and in this case we do but Buy our Chains, and the next Consequent of our Diso­bedience, is Slavery. It comes all to a Point, in what concerns Sub­jection to Unlawfull Powers. Under a Force, —is a Brutish Argument. Vice is the Obliquity of the Will: That's Free. The same Plea lies in the Case of Martyrdom: and by the same Rule we may renounce our Maker.

If Wicked, we're Resolv'd to be, — Lets go a nobler way to work —let's get a matter of Half a Dozen Crafty Knaves together; take in some Thirty or Forty silly Rascals into the Gang, and call our selves a Parliament. Why Gentlemen? This is no impossible thing, Our Title is as good as Theirs, that ha' done the same thing before us; but then be sure of the Proportion. Seven parts of Eight must have neither Wit nor Honesty: yet Look as wise as Iudges, and in the very middle of their Pater-Nosters, pick their Neighbours pockets. These are to be directed by the Rooks, and by them Both, the Nation, which would be over-stocked with Cheats, were any more admitted into the Grand Conspiracy against the People. To Personall abuses, the rest are likewise Qualified: They may Imprison, When, Where, and Whom they please, without Cause shewed, their Will is a sufficient Warrant for the Well-affected. In fine, they are the Peoples voice, and Tha [...]'s the voice of Heaven.

Why now should we despair of the same Events, from the same Means, considering, what a Drowsie, Patient, and Phlegmatick peo­ple we have to deal with? Shall's Fool a Little? Lets Vote down Magna Charta, and the Petition of Right! Settle a Preaching Mili­tia, and a Fighting Ministry? —Out with our Whinyards, and off [Page 95] with the Names, instead of the Heads of the Kings Tryers; as Okey did upon the Change. Take away Monk's Commission; Petition the Souldiery to Petition Us, to declare our selves Perpetual; — Bind up the Nation under Limitations for the next Session, and exclude all but our own party from the Choise. No matter for the Law or Con­science of the business — ARTICLES OF SURRENDER; and Publick ACTS of INDEMNI [...]Y, amount to nothing,—OATHS and COVENANTS, are but occasionall Submissions to Con [...]eniency; not Binding any man, that in the very act of Taking th [...]m, resolves to Break them. Let things come to the Worst; when we have Overturned the Government;—Polluted the very Atla [...], with our MASTERS BLOOD—Cheated the Pu [...]lick, &c. 'Tis but to Whine and Snivel to the People; tell th [...]m we w [...]r [...] mis-led, by Cardinall Appetites;—cloath all our Rogueries in Scripture-Phrase — Humble our selves before the Lord (But not a Sillable concerning Resti­tution) and they'l Forgive us: Nay, perhaps, Trust us too: Think us their Friends, For doing them no more than all the Harme we could. — 'Tis a goo [...] natur'd sort of Beast,—the Common-People, if it be Pleased; and 'tis the Easiest thing in nature, for Fools and Knaves to Please it. They have not been gull'd half long enough yet,—what will you say now, to a New-Parliament made of an Did one? As Ther's no Fool to the Old one, so there's no Knave to the Old one.

What do ye think of your Episcopal Cole-marchant Sir Arthur, for Durham ▪ and let him bring in his Fellow-Labourer Sir Harry Vane for Newcastle? In the City of London, you cannot choose a­miss, provided, that Ireton or Titchburn, be One; and that he choose his Fellows.—For Kent, no Man like Sir Michael Livesy, For Norfolk there's Miles▪ Corbet, and if the House does not like him, they may send him to the Red-Bull ▪ for he personates a Fool or a Devill without the Charge either of a Habit or a Viz [...]r. If the Nation be so Charitably disposed, as to erect an Hospitall, in favour of the Lame, the Rotten. and the Blind, let 'um take in Limping Lyk [...] ▪ Robinso [...] ▪ Rheumatique Mounson, Bobtail'd Scot; and the Blinking [...]obler.— But why do I pretend to direct in Particular?[Page 96] Among the Kings Tryers, Excise-men, Sequestrators, Cl [...]se-Com­mittee-men, [...]ajor-Generalls, Buyers and Sellers of t [...]e Crown and Church-Lands, &c. — they may wi [...]k and chuse. Alas, they're all Converted. I'm s [...]re he's Right, cryes one; he Told me so. Dull Sotts let Us be Right our Sel [...]es; and then, what n [...]ed we care who's Wrong? I'll put a Case to you: suppose, upon the Dissolution of this S [...]ssion, six or seven thousand of the Phanatique Souldjery, that knowes a Settlement destroyes their Trade. should try a Blow for't yet; and by the help of some of their Confederates, yet in appearance of Authority, should put a Force upon the Honest Party: ('Tis but to suppose, what many of that Gang are bold enough in Publique to de­clare) I have a Phansy you'l lo [...]k on still, and betake your selves to your Old senseless Plea, — They have the Power. — Which, i [...] you do — No no; you cannot be so Tame, and witlesse.

☞ Be carefull whom you Trust, either in your Milit [...]a, or Cou [...]sels; Chuse Persons of Estates Honestly gotten; S [...]ch, [...]hom the Law Preserves, [...]ill Preserve the Law. Whereas, If you chuse such as have an interest of their Own, that th'warts the Publique; you're yery Charita [...]le to believe that those people, who all this while, have Chea [...]e You to benefit them Selves, should, at the last, adventure All to preserve You.

March 16. 1659.

UPon the Dissolution of the House, the Phanatick party betook themselves to their wonted Insolence. Declaring publickly (divers of them) that they were not Dissolved: Offering to sit again; and protesting against the Choice of the next Convention. They tamper'd the Army into a Combination; and proceeded to that point of Boldnesse, that the Common-Counsel found it proper to entreat the Counsel of State, and the General to retire into the City, during that Interval of Parliament; for their greater Security.

March 19.

Observing the Leud Practises of the Faction; and desirous to give the world some notice of Particulars, in Order to the better Knowledge of them, I printed this ensuing Paper.

[Page 97]THat this Nation hath been long miserable, under the power of a violent and Restless Faction, is clear to all such as are endued with Memory, and Reason: nor is it more super­fluous, to reflect upon their pass'd Miscariages than Necessary to take some notice of their Later Cheats, and Insolencies. Their De­sign was, to fix themselves in a Perpetual C [...]unsel; con [...]rary to Oa [...]h, and Law; and to cut off successive Parliaments. To carry on which Project, they had Armed all sorts of Li [...]ertines, throughout the Nation; particularly, threatning London with Fire and Sword, if they should not comply. Their barbarous purposes we [...]e Disappointed, by the General's Re-introduction of the Secluded Members: Togeth­er, with the united rage of the People against them. In this hope­less and Deserted condition. what they could not effect by open Force, they attempted by Treachery, and Corruption. They used all Art, and Diligence, during the Session, both to gain Opportunities, and to Emprove them; but being over-voted in the Main, They fell upon a more direct, and shameless method of Villany. — They falsified the Lists of the Militia: — sollicited Petitions from the City, for their Continuance: — Iuggled the Army-Officers into a Tu­mult, — Employed their Instruments to Destroy the General; — Mu­tinyed the Army, and the City; and Finally, they engaged a great part of the Souldjery to Remonstrate against the rest of the Nation. But all too little, to prevent their Dissolution; or to Disturb our Hopes of Settlement.

The General hath approved himself, in the calm, steady menage of this wild Affair, a Person worthy of all the Honour we can give him. These Brutish Libertines, — finding all their Plots Bubbled, — th [...]ir Mines ven [...]ed, — their Party, Weak and Heartless, — themselves Friendless Abroad, and Comfortless at Home, — as Guilty, and as Desperate as Cain; after the sad despair of any the least Benefit to themselves, they are yet pleased in the Contrivance of our Mischief; They're not Dissolved, they tell us, — and attempt to meet again; Thats in vain; and now they come to their last shifts, These Senselesse Cox-combs offer the Honest Generall the Instrument of Government; as [Page 98] if, that Noble, Generous Soul, were to be wrought upon, to pro­stitute his Honour, and his safety; and all this, to preserve a K [...]nel of such Repro [...]a [...]ed, and Ridiculous Puppies. I wonder seriously, how these Pimps, and Knigh [...]s o'th Post, — Scot and his Fellows, scape the fury of the People: That Rabbet-sucking Rascall, with his Fellow Cheats, and Pandars; these are the Youths: Gentlemen, that of­fer you like Doggs, to any Master, that will bestow the Haltering of you. For shame, bethink your selves.

To be as short as possible, thus farr you're safe: but yet these Tumblers have not shew'd all their Tricks: their last Recourse, is to the Forgery of Letters; (but so ridiculously framed, they are rather argument of Sport, than Anger: for the Brewer is much better at a Chea [...], than at a Stratagem) There are diverse Scandalous Papers dispersed, in the Name of the King; and as the sense of the Royall Party. You shall do well, to take notice, that nothing of that Quality, proceeds [...]ither from Himself, or his Friends. The Project is Phanatique, and tends only to hinder our Expected, and Approach­ing Settlement. To mention One for All; there is a Phamphlet of yesterday, En [...]ituled — News from Brussels, in a Letter from a near▪ a [...]tendant on his Maiesties Pe [...]son, to a Person of Honour Here — Which Casually became thus Publick.

Do but obs [...]rve this Formall Noddy, how he Boggles upon the very Title-page. — How Casually, Good-man Sense-lesse? Did it D [...]op into a Printing House, and Publish it self? — his Title is follow­ed, with a Suitable Text; of so Pityfull an Ayre; and Fashion, I am ashamed to confesse the reading of it. Indeed I would advise the Secretary, rather to returne to his Placket-Politiques, for he is not half so good at State, as Bawdery. To deliver his aim in other termes, for fear of giving the Reader a Vomit. The principal drift of his discourse is to Personate a Royalist, Charging the Presbyterians with the murther of the King, and professing an Implatable An [...]mosity against the whole party. — Not to employ more subtilty than needs upon so F [...]ivolous a Subject. Let this suffice.

Who Murthered the King, the Nation knowes; and who inter­posed [Page 99] to Save him; — who they are, that at this instant▪ Opp [...]s [...] a Settlement, and who Desire it; Nay More; we know, who can­not Live Under a Peaceable Government, and who cannot Live With­out it: And it is fit to shew all honest people to distinguish.

Those, that have designed Us for Slavery, it is but reason to mark them o [...]t for Iustice ▪ yet I should advise tenderness; whereby saving a Few, Infamous Malefactours, we do not hazzard a more Considerable Loss. He that Forgives them, extends his Charity, but he that Trusts a man of them, Betrayes his Countrey.

March. 24. 1659.

THe Agitators were now grown so Busie in the Army, that t [...]e Counsel of State put forth a Proclamation against them; and had not the singular prudence of the General check'd the Ma­lice of that Confederacy, It would have prov'd of danger [...]us Cons [...] ­quence. Finding themselves th [...]s disappointed of those ear [...]y hopes they had as to the Army: Their next Trick was to procure Elections for their purpose: and this th [...]y laboured to [...]ffect, by Tampering with the Sheriffs, where they found any capable of a Practise: and by their Interest in some pedling Fa [...]tious Boroughs, to get Themselves and their Friends chosen.

This being the present Danger, I Dispersed some Hundreds of Papers, the Title and Coppy whereof follows.

A Necessary and Seasonable Caution, Concerning Elections.

THe miserable dissettlement of this Nation, arising princi­pally from Abuse of Trust▪ practised by those Per­sons, whom we chose to Represent the P [...]ople; it concerns [Page 100] us now at last, to provide warily against future Inconveni­ences, by a more diligent Examination, and Knowledg of those we elect for the time to come. We find the Na [...]ion Impoverished; the Government both of Church and State dissolved; and all the Sup­ports of a Puplick Magistracie devoured, by those very people, who instead of Freeing us from Smal and few miscariages, (thems [...]lves) notori [...]usly exercised over us the greatest oppressions Imaginable. For prevention of the like evils hereaft [...]r, we are to be very wary how we chuse;

  • 1. Such persons as Preach without a Call, and deliver the Delusions of Satan, for the I [...]spirations of the Holy Spirit; (We may know the Tree by its Fruit.)
  • 2. Such as either out of Fear, or Interest, Sacrifice the Publique Good to Passion, or Benefit, shifting from Party to Party; This Day for the King and Parliamen; the next, Pensioners to the Pro­tectour, the Third for the Rump; the Fourth for any thing that comes next. Under this notion, I comprise such as make use of a Parliament-Priviledge, to Elude Creditors, to De [...]ain ill-gotten Possessions, and to put themselves out of the Reach of the Law; th [...]r [...]by hindering the due course of Proceedings against them.
  • 3. And Lastly, take heed of chusing any Persons that have alrea­dy Falsified their Trust,—by engaging in Illegall Close-Commit­tees ▪ —In any Relation whatsoever of Malice towards the Late King, in Purchasers, of Sellers of the Publique Revenues:— In Us [...]rped Imposi [...]ions upon the People. In Short; such, as have at the price of an Universal Ruine, enriched Themselves; and laid the Foundations of their New Babel, in Sacriledge, Perjury, Murther and Treason.

This may suffice for a Caution to all such, as are not resolved up [...]n Beggery, and Bondage.

[Page 101]THe Phana [...]icks had at this time many Irons in the Fire, and not without Reason, for they had many Difficulties to Encounter. Their Instant and most pr [...]ssing Concern was to Nip the Militia in the Bud; and either totally to hinder the next appointed Choice, or so to Qualifie and Over-awe it, that we should only be subject [...]d still to the same Faction, with somewhat more Pretense of Equity and Form. They knew the Vote and Strength of the whole Na­tion would be against them. And they set all their Heads and Hands at work to disappoint it. Briefly; they had their Firebrands in the City; their bold and publick Agents in the Countrey: but their great Trust was in the Army; where they had poyson'd a Considerable party; And by whose Ayd they made no doubt of Lambert, (tho then a Prisoner) to head them, so soon as the De­signe were Ripe enough to need him.

Upon this point of Exigence (that nothing might be wanting to procure another War) they cast abroad in Swarms, Seditious Pamphlets; tending not only to Disgrace the Person, and the Office of the King, his Fathers Memory, his Friends, and Cause, but likewise to provoke the Weaker, and the l [...]sse Considerate men of his own Party, by an Unseasonable and Mistaking Zeal to blast the Businesse. The Rise and Course of the whole war is search'd into, for Matter to involve the Murtherers of the King with those that would have Sav'd him, in the same Hazard, Interest, Crime, and Quarrel.

One of the Modestest of these Discourses was put into my hand, with an Express Desire that I would print an Answer to it, which accordingly I did: but rather for my promise sake, then that I thought it worth the while; —and This was it.

A Sober Answer to a Jugling Pamphlet, Entituled, a LETTER INTERCEPTED, &c.

I Have heard of one that has made himself a Cuckold,— that has pick'd his own pocket,—and tis possible, a man may De­sign upon himself, and Intercept his own Letters. The Mis­cariage, I confesse, is a little odd,, where the Courted party, —the Contriver, — and the Intercepter, are all One, and the same Person. The Plot is Borrowed from the Story of Narciss [...] ▪ but by what Enemy both to th [...] Author, and Reader, this Disco [...]rse is made Publique, we [...] an Enquiry fitter for Authorit [...], [...]han a Private hand ▪ Since so it is, le [...]s make the b [...]st of a bad Marke [...] ▪ what the Composer has sold Cheap, — We have Bought Dear, and Both must L [...]s [...] by the Bargain. Without [...]urther Prolog [...]e — H [...]r [...]'s SIR POLITIQUE hims [...]lf, and [...] take the measure of the man from his Title page.

A LETTER INTERCE [...]TED, — Printed for the Use and Benefi [...] o [...] the Ingenuous Reader — in which the Two Different Formes of MONARCHY, and POPULAR GOVERNMENT, are briefly C [...]nt [...]over [...]ed.

(The Commo [...] [...] N. D. G [...]nt.)

EX UNGUE LEONEM. The VOICE is JACOB'S, b [...] th [...] HANDS are ESAU'S. Popular Arguments are of late become such a Drugg, the Authour dares not own his Inclination, for fear the Pam­phlet should not off: but rather chuses, under the colour of a Phi­l [...]phical Debate, to advance a Seditiou [...] Design; and instead of de­livering a sober Opinion, to excite a turbulent Faction. This will ap­pear [Page 103] in its due place; but in the Front, 'twas not so proper to dis­close himself. The Title is but a more formal kind of Bo-peep,—a cou­senage of the Reader into a Two-penny expence, upon a thing not worth Three-ha'pence.

In the next page, you'll find him more composed, and Magisteri­al. He complements himself, Kisses his own fair Hand, — Promises us an Honest, Plain, Rationall Discourse, not clogg'd with Max­ims, or Examples; and then he falls to the work upon the Que­stion.

W [...]ether Monarchy, or the Popular Form of Government, be in Reason more safe and profitable for the People? [pag. 2.]

He proceeds thence, to Distinguish Monarchy into Absolute, and Mixt or Regulated, [ibid.] (tho', by his Favour, Mixt, implies a contra­diction.)

The Absolute (he sayes) is Absolutely Unlawfull; and disconsonant both to the Lawes of God and Nature

If either One, or the Other: How comes it then, that God him­self, stiles NEBUCHADNEZZAR (the King of Babylon) HIS SERVANT: upon the most express, and severe penalties imagina­ble, commanding an Obedience to him? What means the Prophet David when he sayes—The Lord keep me from doing that thing unto my Master, THE LORDS ANNOINTED? That Tyrants Life, which purs [...]ed his, was then at his Mercy; and a Phanatique Coun­sel, at his Elbow, advising him, to improve the Providential Op­portunity of taking it away; (but our Common-Wealth's-men are Wiser, possibly, and Honester, than David.) This might suffice; but He goes on, and so shall I, to bear him Company.—

It is against the Moral Law, (he tells us) for me to dispose of my own life; since that Law, which Commands me, not to kill; does certainly require me, not to kill my self, and the Law of Nature and Nations, does warrant any man to kill, rather than to be kill'd. But He, that willing­ly and of Choyce, lives under a monarchy absolute, must, and doth submit all that he hath, Life not excepted, to be at the will of the Mo­narch, &c. [pag.]

[Page 104]What pains this worthy Gentleman takes, to prove himself as good a Sta [...]esman, as he is a Casuist; Is not my Li [...]e as well expo­ [...]ed to any Government? Since wheresoever you place the Rule, the last appeale lies There; and There's the power of Life and Death, by the Agreement of all Nations. Again, An absolute Monarch must be wicked, to destroy a Loyal Subject: and if a Limited, will be so Impious too, there's no Relief, but Flight. The right of self preser­vation, which our Author Intimates; con [...]erns but Individuals, at Liberty;—Grotius his Dissociatam Multitudinem. There, Every man is every Bodies Enemy: but when we come to finde, that safety, bet­ter secured by social Compact; and by reducing all the several, and Dis-agreeing Particulars, under the Regiment of some certain Lawes directing to the Common benefit of all: In this Case, we part with our Original Right, for the obtaining of a Nobler Good; — Socie­ty, and Order; without which, there's no Peace. I might here mind our Prevaricating Author, of a Morality which he forgets, and that's Obedience. Rebellion is a Blacker Crime, than Murther; for it is That, and More; but I would first convince him, that Killing is not alwaies Murther and that in many cases, a man must rather chuse to be Killed, than Kill. The Law strikes with the Sword of Justice; and sure it is not Murther, by a Legal process, to destroy a Malefactor. 'Twere That at least in me, to Kill the Iudge, to save my self. (But I suppose, our Author speaks his Interest, rather than his Opinion) In fine, I cannot justifie the Commission of a sin to save my Life. To draw my Sword against my Prince al­though to save my self, in me, is Treason: but if I l [...]se my Life, by not opposing Him, 'tis He alone that's Criminall, I am Innocent. Nor does the choice alter the Case one jot; if I may Obey an Abso­lute Monarch, I am as free to chuse One, where I am at Liberty to chuse the Form I would be govern'd by. It is the Rulers part, not to command amiss, and 'tis the Subjects Duty to Obey; (modo nihil Imperet, Naturali [...]uri, aut Divinis praeceptis Contrarium ▪) and [...] the worst; refuse, without Resisting.

Nay, but our Author tells us; — A Free People, that have it i [...] [Page 105] their choice, and Power (as England now) to do otherwise, and shall submit their Lives to the will, and dispose of an absolute Monarch, are most e­vidently thereby, in danger of becoming guilty of self-Murther] [pag. 3]

Go thy waies N.D. for a profound Head piece! — They are in more danger of self-murther, in submitting to a Limited Monarch that is, of Hanging themselve [...], if the King should come. Was there ever a more exorbitant Tyrant than Cromwell? Our Free­men were content enough with him. Come: — out wit, Our modeller would speak, if he had a spoon, but the man is mo­dest; I'le do't for him. 'Tis this he would be at.

That we are now at Liberty to chuse our Government; and that the King would play the Tyrant, should be return. If his own Head does not sit sure. He may thank himself. I would fain learn, from whence we date our Freedom. Who has ABSOLVED us, of our OATHS, and DUTIES of ALLEGEANCE? Did we not swear to the late King, and to his Heirs? And c [...]n a Government be altered, but by Consent of all the Parties to it? This is too much said, upon a subject not properly my Business. I'll pro­ceed and wait upon him to his next Enq [...]iry; and that's concern­ing Regulated Monarchy; but so Embroyled, 'tis infinitely harder to Understand than to confute. Of Regulated Monarchies, Ours here in England is beholden to him, he likes that best, and gives his Reason, Thus; The Excellency of that Monarchy, WAS, that the Monarch with­out his Counsell could do no considerable thing.] [pag. 3.]

By his fair leave, the Excellency of the GOVERNMENT, he would have said: for 'tis the Imperfection of the Monarchy. But why WAS? IS it not, de Iure, still the same?

He prosecutes this Train of Errors, yet with more;

All things were to be done in conjunction with his Counsell; either that Grand one, his Parliament, consisting of Nobles, and Commons; or his Lesser Counsell, consisting of Nobles chiefly, &c.]

Our Author, I perceive, is willing to confound Counsell, and Authority: Whereas to represent, is one thing; 'tis another thing to Iudge. It is the Counsell's duty to propose, and advise, according [Page 106] to their Reason, but still it is the Monarch's part to Act according to his own: without that Freedom, the Prince is bound to Act in many Cases against his Conscience; and his Assistants are become his Go­vernours. Not to insist upon the Gentleman's mistake, in asserting All things to be done in conjunctiōn with his Counsell. This is too e­vident, to need a refutation. He spends his two next Pages, in dilating upon the Desire of absolute Power in the Monarch; and the Reserves, or acquisitions of the People; were he dashes the Kings Prerogative, and the Privileges of Parliament, the One against the Other. Whereas the King hath some Prerogatives without a Par­liament, but the Parliament hath not so much as any Being, without the King: (he being an essentiall of it.)

To pass over his False-fires, I shall come now to his main strength: And thus it runs —

The Monarch cannot Rationally be thought to have other Business, or Study, than to confirm, and establish the Monarchy to himself. [pag. 5.]

To this: First, Hee's Entitled to the Government: (That, pro concesso) Next; hee's Entrusted, in Order to the Publique Welfare, to Uphold it; and That, not only in the Form, but to Himself: 'Twere to Betray his Trust, should he do less.

As to the appetite of Rule, which (as our Popular Champion will have it) transports the Monarch, into a dangerous elevation above the People: — That Restless Impotency, is much more Hazzardous, in any other Government, than in that of Monarchy. For, the Mo­narch's upper-most already: and rationally. Ambition seeks rather to Raise it self above all others, than when 'tis at that Height, still to exceed it self. 'Tis but a glorious envy, which aspires till it be highest, and there determines.

As there is less temptation from without, so must the inclination, be much calmer. Greatness is native and familiar to the Monarch: or, in case any eagerness of Spirit should enflame him; It spends it self upon his Neighbours liberties, rather than upon his Peoples: and 'tis extent of Empire abroad, not enlargement of Prerogative at home, he covets.

[Page 107]This is not to exempt the Person of a Prince, from the frailties of a Man: he may be vitious. But that too with less mischief to the publique than to Himself. He ha's no private aims, but what proceed from Principles nearer ally'd to Kindness; then to Ma­lice.

Now, to examine the likely Incidences to popular Government, and to proceed upon his Postulatum, That in all men there's an in­bred appetency of Power. That granted, what can we expect from Persons of mean Fortunes, and extraction, (invested with a title to Dominion) but Bondage, and Oppression? The short is, there are many men, — earnestly intent upon the same end; spurr'd on by keen and craving Desires, to make themselves Rich, Great; and these design to raise their Fortunes, and Reputations upon the pub­lick stock of blood and treasure. At last when they have skrewed themselves up to that pitch of Power, by force, and craft, where divine providence, by birth, had placed the single Person: — when after a sharp, long, and chargeable contest, they have brought us within view but of the counterfeit of what we quietly enjoy'd be­fore: Ready to seize the sum of their own wishes; and the dear-p [...]rchas'd Fruit of all their Labours: — they find that point, which supports Soveraignty, too narrow for them all; too large for any one of them; — and, as they climbed together, so they fall; — crush'd by those Hands, and Principles that rais'd them. We need not look far Back for instances. What ha's obstructed our long look'd-for Settlement, but Competitours for a personal rule; even a­mong the Salus-populi-men themselves? 'Tis nobler at the worst, to yield our selves to prey to a single Lyon, than to a Herd of Wolves: and that's the Difference, upon experiment, betwixt the tyranny of One, and of a Hundred? (— old Oliver, and the Rump.) Methinks 'tis a strange Confidence, to Argue for a Cause, confuted by the loss so many Lives and Millions. For these twelve years last past, we have been Slaves to Tyrants; Divided, in design to supplant one ano­ther, but still United, to destroy the Nation, under the gay amuse­ment of a Free-state. But I grow tedious.

[Page 108]The next thing I take notice of, is very remarkable (i. e.) Our Au­thor's in the right— he sayes that From the Soveraignty, there lies no ap­peal. But then he follows; that where a People will be ruled by a King they must give that King absolute power to Govern.] [pag. 6.]

No need of that sure neither, — the Soveraignty is in the King, tho' in a Limited Monarchy: which so attemper'd; as that the Peo­ple may not Rule in any Case, nor the King, (singly by himself) in All; secures all Interests. I must fix one note here, before I pass.

Although our Author tellsus, [pag. 7.] that Absolute Monarchy is un­lawful; & Regulated, Dangerous: nevertheless, he rather advises the former than the latter; — That, which he terms Disconsonant to the Laws of God, than the Other, which he pronounces only Dangerous, as re­lated to the civill Good, and Utillity of the People.

This is the Method of the whole party; they decry, first, the Form it self, as being too Tyrannical; yet they condemn, the Limi­ted of Insufficience, as to the Exercise of Government; and the ab­solute, of Exorbitancy, as to the End of it. One has too much Liberty the Other too Little. What is't they offer in Exchange? a Free-State;— of a Model, ten times more Arbitrary and Pernicious. When they have spent their Powder upon the Government; (for 'tis but Powder) their Shot is still directed to the Person. Hinc illae Lachrymae. How have they courted the Generall, (whose Honesty, is as Invincible as his Courage) to Accept of what these Paper-Kites so much disclaim against? Our Grave, Philosophising Mounsieur, he makes one too, and tells us,—that Providence hath cast the Lot upon the Peoples side, and the Monarch has lost, if the People will ex­clude him.

Alas Good man! the Congregation's Holy every one of them—Pre­tio [...]s Beagles! to ascribe that to Providence, which they owe to Pe [...]ury, and Sacriledge. Where's your Prescription? Wheres your Title? Enform [...]he People, by what power they are absolved from all their tyes of Conscience: Honour, Thankfulness, and Piety. Shew them the Laws their Fathers purchased with their Bloods. Preach to them o [...]t of Magna Charta. There's the Foundation of the Peoples [Page 109] Freedoms. But Sir I ask you pardon; The Kings a Woolf you say, and all the abjuring Saints are Lambs, I warrant ye. But by your leave once more; you are absolutely of Opinion then, not to ad­mit the King by any manner of means? — Indeed you should do well, not to Anticipate the Parliament, it spoyles the project, to play the Tyrant, while you argue for the People. Pray let the King come in if the next Parliament pleases.—

I must be now a little serious; for your next Paragraph has a spice of C [...]nscience in't (the Word I mean) you will perswade the World, that if the King comes in; 'tis neither Faith, nor Honour, nor Humanity, nor all together, can tye up his Revenge. It would become you to tell the Pe [...]ple, where [...]re he brake his Faith; Nay, Ill content my self, if youll but shew me, where ever your Phana­tiques Kept an Oath, or Promise, if they might gain (the least) by Breaking of it. The Conversation of the Person you inveigh against is b [...]yound all Exception, Honourable: and tis in vain to mis-en­form, against an evident and contrary assurance. Many of those v [...] ­ry men that fought against him, will witness for him: both for his Courage, and his Clemency. His Prudence, and his Piety, are ma­nifest, in This: that in despight of all Distresses, and Temptati­ons, he stands Firm, to his Temper, and to his Conscience. A Bet­ter Friend, there lives not; nor a Better Nature. And this is He­at last, our Guil [...]y Pamphletter bestows his Gall upon. I am no stick­ler for Prerogative: my Patience, will hold out till the next Session: but to see Majesty invaded by a private Hand,—the People Poyson'd, by the same instruments that destroyed the Prince, —all I can say is, we are [...]me Fools, to suffer it. But though his passion may be Trouble­some, our Author gives us some Diversion in his Argument, and (Kinder still) he proves best Company at last. Kingly Government if not absolute, (he sayes) i [...] Lame; if Absolute, — Destru [...]tive to the People. Very good: Help the Defect, (if that be all) of the One; or at least, do not impose upon us, in another shape, the pos­sible Mischiefs of the Other—pray whats the Difference, as to our Security; the Supreme Authority under a Popular Form, or the same [Page 110] power under a Monarchique? You'll have your Popular Assembly, the Iudge Unquestionable of all Expediences, and Dangers: why not a Single Person as well? You say, He may abuse that power; and I say so may They. For instance, suppose they judge it fit to change the very Form, what Hinders them? or if they rather chuse, to entayl the Government upon their own Families, and to perpetuate them­selves, what Remedy? If any, they're not Absolute: if none, we are worse Here, than Before. The King cannot Betray the Peoples Trust; these may.

What signifies your telling us, that the King absolute, is not bound to the Laws he shall make? [pag. 9.] And by and by,—that contra­ry to the Monarchy, this, (meaning Democracy) makes not any one Law, to which every individuall person in the Assembly, is no [...] subject? (the whole Assembly indeed, as it is the Soveraign power, is unquesti­onable, you say.) 'Tis not the Persons, but the Power, we are to consider; Conjunctim, they're as little subject as the single Tyrant; and possibly they'll ne're dis-joyn, they that can make what Lawes they please, will doubtlesse make this one of the number,—that their own Members shall be only tryable by their Peers: and by that device, they make themselves both Parties and Iudges.

To grant more then is needfull; — be it — that in a State of Quiet, and Universal liberty, such a Form might be admitted, as our Contrive [...] t [...]rusts upon us; but to attempt to force a Government, that excludes nineteen parts of twenty of the people, from the exercise of it; and this upon a Nation pre-engaged by Oath, and (by a sad experience) interessed against it.—How practicable, or how pru­dent, such a proposal may appear to others, I cannot say: To me it wears the Face of a D [...]sign, promoted by a Factious, guilty Party, to sacrifice the Nation, to their private interests, and despayres.

And yet such is the charity of our Author, he reckons all the mis­carriages of these late years in Government, but as foul way upon a Iour­ney: and bids us not conclude [...] against our Inne at Night because the pas­sage w [...]s dirty. (This is according to his wonted tenderness.)

Now to my Phansy, it looks rather thus. We have been hitherto [Page 111] mis-led; our very Guides have robb'd us, and yet they bid us follow them still, they'll bring us to Paradise at last, — Whither they'll carry us, we know not; —we are in the Bryars at present;—we know the way home again; —what have we then to do, but to return?

Our Authors little Reasonings concerning Trade, are triviall; I shall refer him to the Merchants for his Answer. They are the fit­test Iudges in the Case. They have try'd war, and peace, Monar­chy, and Popular Government; let them say which they like best.— His Pen begins to run a little muddy: and what I do not understand, I'm not oblig'd to answer. Something he talks of Peace abroad, and of the motives to it; which he pronounces to be Advantage and no Body denyes it.

This does not hinder,—because the Reasons of the Peace betwixt the Crowns of France and Spain, might properly result from a Par­ticular Conveniency of State betwixt them, that therefore the effects of that Agreement cannot referr to Us. They're more at Leisure now: nay there's a high necessity incumbent upon them, to send abroad those Forces, which otherwise would be both Expensive, and Dangerous at Home (Not to presse other arguments, of themselves obvious, to hasten our Composure, even for that very Cause; that they're Agreed.)

I presume not to direct, as our Imperious Commonwealths-man does; but as one Private Person, I pretend to Reason the Opini­ons of another, submitting still my Iudgement to any Legal determi­nation, or Rational Conviction.

Touching the King of Spains Design to Propagate the Romish Religion [Ibid.] —we're the securer for that very design, if we unite upon the Basis of the English Law: The meer Antiperistasis preserves us: whereas, If we compell that Person, who by Divine Assignment, and Civil right, is our undoubted Soveraign; to employ Forreign Succours to recover his Dominions; It may be feared, (and 'tis but Reason) that Spain will Article for some concessions, in favour of the Catholicks, more then otherwise would, possibly, be granted to them: where the Fault lies, in case of this extremity, let the People Iudge.

[Page 112]Blesse us, —what a Fit of Piety has taken our Friend, now of a suddain! He calls in the Ministers, for his Compurgators, and de­sires them to declare—what Government. (Hee'l feed their Flocks in the mean while.) Indeed, these Pulpit-Politiques are not amisse. The Priests shall tell us what Government fits their Reformation. Pray Sir, let me help you out; —a Gloss upon the Covenant, does your Business: 'tis but to tell the people, that in the Holy Tongue, KING, signifies COMMON-WEALTH, and the work is done.

The Gentleman, begins now to Fumble, and Talke Idle; and, in effect, he's drawing home. But first he recommends the Nurcery and Education of his Brat-project, even unto any Kinde and Powerfull hand that will promote it. From hence he passes into a Quaint Resemblanc [...] of the state of the Nation, to a man in a feavour, and the People in Gross, to a Restive Horse with a Galled Back: and so committing the issue to the Lord, the man Departs.

His thoughts, and mine do not agree; what ere the matter is. His Conceit is this, The Nation's mad; and Promoted by false appetite, covets things Mischievous; (that is, Monarchy) the wise and Charita­table Physitian, (that is the Common-wealths man,) he forces upon it what he knows to be more proper for the Cure, (and this is a Free-State) —Now here's our difference.

I'm of opinion, that the Physitians are mad; the Nation sober, we've try'd their Physick, for some dozen years together; and every day we're worse then other upon it; we finde upon Experiment, that they prescribe us Poyson, instead of Remedies, and that they are but Mountebanks; they Live by Killing us. Our Former Diet agreed much better with our Constitution, so that we have no way left but to fall to That again.

But to conclude; —his conceit of a Iadish People with a Gall'd Back, That's his Master-Piece. He tells us, it will neither suffer a Rider, nor a Dressing, till it be overcome by Force, and then a Child may up, and Ride it.

These are somewhat broad signs. Now by your favour, Sir, the Faults not in the Horse; but rather in the Rider, and the Saddle. [Page 113] The Nation has been Ridden these dozen years together, at Switch, and Spur, in a Commonwealth Saddle; That must needs pinch the Back of a Monarchique People.—Nor is it yet so tame, as you imagine; Change but the SADDLE, and the RIDER, and you shall see the Nation will do well, without a Horsleech.

March ▪ 27. 1660.

UPon the neck of this, came out Two sharper Pamphlets; written, (as I am of late Enformed) by a Renegado Parson; but as then, I took them to be either Nedham's, or Miltons, (a Couple of Currs of the same Pack) They were Printed by Livewell Chapman, and a Proclamation from the Counsell was issued out against him for it, to which he never appeared. I was by many Reasons moved to Answer these; as well to lay them Open, and Confute them, as to prevent the Possible exception that might arise from a Reply by some less wary, though more skilfull pen.

The malice of these Pamphlets was Double-edged; and the Blow made at the Kings Party over the Presbyterians Shoulder: Directed to perswade the World that 'twas the Presbyterian did the Mischief; and to engage the Presbyter himself under an Ap­prehension of Revenge. The scope will better appear upon the Reading, and whether I did Well, or Ill, to write these following Answers.


My Lord and Gentlemen,

IT is written, The prudent shall keep silence in an eviltime; and 'tis like, we also might hold our peace, but that we fear a knife is at the very throat, not only of our and your Liberties, but of our persons too. I [...] this condition, we hope it will be no offence, if we cry out to you for help, you that (through Gods goodness) have helped us so often, and strenuously maintained the same Cause with us, against the return of that Family which pretends to the Government of these Nations. It is the pulick interest and yours, that we hitherto fought for, and for which we now plead; therefore we insist upon it with the greater confidence be­fore [Page 115] you, because we are all equally concerned in the good or ill of your transactions: We cannot yet be perswaded, though our fears and jea­lousies are strong, and the grounds of them many, that you can so lull a­sleep your Consciences, or forget the publick Interest, and your own, as to be returning back with the multitude to Egypt, or that you should with them be hankering after the Le [...]ks and Onions of our old bondage. Though it were possible you should forget, yet certainly God will not, all the injuries and oppressions done by that family to his Church and people in these and other Nations: Though the Inscription [Exit Tyrannus] which was fixed over the place where the Statue of the late King formerly stood at the Exchange, hath been blotted out by the Rabble, yet it is written with the Pen of a Diamond in the hearts of many thousands, and will be so hereafter in the adamantine. Rolls of Fame and History. No matter then, though the prophane Vulgar take a liberty to proclaim him both Saint and Martyr in the midst of their Bon-fires, and their Tipple. All the good fellows were ever at his Devotion, because he was for theirs, and commanded it to be observed upon the Sundaies. But to the end it may be better known how good a King, and how great a Saint he was, we have taken the boldness at this instan [...] to offer you an accompt of some part of the transactions during his Reign: and because there are too ma­ny in the City who wait the good time to re-erect his Statue, we desire in the first place to present you his Picture, as it was drawn by a good hand, the Parliament, in the year 1647. at which time it was resolved upon the Question joyntly by the Lords and Commons in Parliament Assem­bled. That they would make no further Addresses or Applications to the King, or receive any Message from him.


SOme two dayes since, came to my view, a Bold, Sharp Pam­phlet, call'd PLAIN ENGLISH — directed to the GENE­RAL, and his OFFICERS, &c. —

It is a Piece drawn by no fool, and it deserves a serious An­swer.— By the Design; — the Subject; — Malice, and the [Page 116] Stile; I should suspect it for a Blot of the same Pen that wrote ICONOCLASTES. It runs foul; — tends to Tumult; — and, not content Barely to Applaud the Murther of the King, the exe­crable Author of it vomits upon his Ash [...]s; with a Pedantique, and Envenom'd scorn, persuing still his sacred Memory. Betwixt Him, and his Brother Rabshakeh, I think a man may venture to divide the glory of it; it relishes the mixture of their united fa­culties, and wickedness. As yet, 'tis true; the Hand is somewhat doubtfull to us; but the Drift,— Certain, and 'tis as Clear from whence it first mov'd, as to what end it tends, it speaks the Rancour, and the interest of the Rump; be the contrivance whose it will; and, beyond doubt, it was written by some Mercenary to the Faction; and That, by their direction, and appointment. 'Tis too Malicious, for a private Passion; and too Dangerous, for one that writes not, either for Bread, or Life. Take it in gross; 'tis an Alarm to all the Phanatiques in England; couched under the specious notion of an Appeal to the General, and his Army, as­s [...]rting to all purposes, the interests; and Justifying the [...]orrid Practises of the Regicide-Party.—

It Remonstrates; — Expostulates; — Tempts; — Threatens; — Flatters; — Begs; — Prevaricates: and by all Artifices, toward all Humours, it moulds it self into an appli­cation suit [...]b [...]e: — o [...]ly upon the Blood, and Family of the late King; it lashes out into an Impious, and Inhumane fury, suffici­ent to Disgrace, the Sober (in comparison) promoters of his Death; a [...]d to Startle their very Consciences, that spilt his Blood with Pleasure.

Nor does the Brutish Rebel only qui [...] the Man, in point of Ten­derness; his rage against the Royall Line, disturbs his Reason too. (otherwise smooth enough to delude such as are not very well a­ware of him) Whether it be the Agony▪ and Horrour of a Wounded Soul, which thus transports him; or that, in these ex­cesses, he only Personates the last Convulsions of a Heart-broken Faction; — It matters not: Thus much we may collect from his [Page 117] distempers; That Rabble is, at this instant, upon a Combination, to Tumul [...]uate the Army, and the People, and such as will not share the Guilt of their Conspiracy, they labour to engage within the Reach and Danger of it. That we may better understand what they Design, wee'll see a little what they Say.

This Phamphlet speaks the sence of the whole Gang; and throughly Examined, will discover the frame, and the extent of of their lewd Purposes.

I look upon't as an Affront to Christianity, and to Reasonable Nature; so scandalous; I vow to God, in Favour meerly of Hu­manity, I would suppresse it, were no more Copies extant of it: but 'tis too late for that. The Countreys are already furnished; and the Town yet full of them; (th [...] singular, and earely care of the Publick Magistrate to hinder it notwithstanding) so that it rests now, only to lay open the vile interests of this bloody Faction, and Antidote the People against the danger of their Pestilent Infusions. Let Time produce the Author; (if it be lawfull to Prophane the Light with such a Monster) The Matter only of this Licentious Paper must be my Subject.

IF we must never be quiet, til these People think themselves Safe, we must stay till divine Justice is dissolved; — till they believe the word, and Power of God, a Fable; — till they can Lay that Devil, Conscience;—and Blot out of the Table of their Memo­ries, all their Presumptuous outrages, both agai [...]st Heaven and Earth; —till they can Quench those raging Horrours that Exagi­tate their Souls;—Remove those hideous Fantomes, (that whereso|'ere they fly) pursue them, with the images of those that they have murther'd, Bleeding afresh▪ and when they think to Turn away their Looks from the Dire object, to the other side, they meet with a Remembrancer, that mindes them of their Sacrilege, and Treason, and then they start again, another way; and there they meet with a Sword drawn, to revenge their Perjuries. In fine, their Injuries are of a large extent, and such, by consequence, must be [Page 118] their fears (while they persist in their Impenitence.

In this distresse, rather of Thought, than Danger; of Terrour from within, rather than Violence, without; They do well, to implore the Generals help, to save their Lives, that would have taken His: especially, obliging him (in Surplus) with this additi­onal respect: That they have made him Free o [...] the Phanatiques; —Embarqued him in the same Bottom with themselves; — and Finally, involved the Honour, and the Saver of his Countrey, in common, with the Blemish, and the Pest of all mankinde.

Say, — MILTON; NEDHAM; either, or both, of you (or whosoever else) — Say where this Worthy Person, ever mixt with you? (That is; You, — or those that Employ you, and al­low you wages) more, then in order to those very purposes, to which he still adheres, and from whence, you recede.

The returne of that Family, which Pretends [as this Tumbler phrases it] to Govern us, nor was nor is the Question. The pub­lick interest, that he fought for, and you swore to: — was the Preserving of our BIRTH-RIGHTS: — the good old LAWS: — his MAJESTIES LEGAL AUTHO­RITY: —the PRIVILEDGES of PARLIAMENT, &c. — (Read the Old Declarations) not to maintain a Canting Faction in the Army; — a Py-bald Ministry: — or, which amounts to all: — the Residence: — the Errata's of an Honest Parliament.

Again, to comply fairly with an Universall Vote; — That, does our Scribler call forgetting of a publique Interest; and keeping of the Covenant, or an Oath, is, with him lulling of a Man's consci­ence asleep. A desire to be well again, after a Cursed fit of the Spleen (and ply'd with steel too) of well-nigh Twenty years con [...]i [...]uance, — our Demy▪ Levite, — terms it a Hank [...]ring after our [...] Leeks and Onions. For that, — Every man as he likes▪ you're for a Rump, it may be.—I'm for somewhat else. Believe me, I had rather Li [...]e poor, and Honest; than Hang Rich; and Treacherous:— th [...]n give my self a turn in one of the King's old Houses. But—

De Gustibus, non est Dispu [...]andum.

[Page 119] I'm sorry my first Page is Printed.— I shall be thought a Fool now, for suspecting our Plain-English-man, of Wit. Something there's in his vein, like bottle Ale. Stir it;—It Tumults▪ [...]putters and at last it spends it self in Foam▪—but Nourishment, or Com­fort there's none in't.—The Fellows Jadish, Dull, — out of his Beaten and Known Rode; but when he comes to rail against the King, he's in his Element. There, he's a Thorough▪ pac'd, E­gregious villain: and yet a Stumbler; but a false step or two may be allowed him.

This Formal Devil,—how great an honour does he to the Roy­all Fami [...]ly, in his reviling of it▪—The Injuries and Oppressions it ha [...] done to Church, and People, trouble him sore. The Blo [...]ing out of —EXIT TYRANNUS, sticks in his stomach too, but, though the Statues gone, the story shall stand firm, there lyes his Consolation.

Audacio [...]s Brute▪ (the Blot▪ and the Deformity of Humane Race.) During the Warr, the Nation lay oppres [...] under the Com­mon fate of an Intestine Broyl▪ The Quarrel was disputed both with Pens and weapons, doubtfully, as to the Vulgar;—among the wiser sort, some steer'd their course by Interest, or Passion; others resign'd themselves, (abstracted from all other thoughts) to what they reckoned Piety, and reason. (Thus for the Burthe [...] [...]eems divided▪ After this the King is made [...] Prisoner, and his Par­ [...]y sunk, now I Demand; Who has oppress'd us since, but those that Swore till then, they fought to save us▪ If we look back be­yond the Warr, our Mischief there was, that we were better fed than taught ▪ We were Rich, Wanton, and Rebellio [...]s.

But I begin to waver in my unde [...]taking.—I find I have a W [...]l [...] to deal with, not a Man; That preys upon the Dead. A Devil!— whose Business is to break the Bonds of Unity and Order, and to Calumniate Vertue. Nor does it serve him▪ the bare Murther of his Master, as it does other [...] of [...]pine, that leave the [...]ar­kasse, when they have [...]ucked the Blood] This w [...]ch must des­cant, and [...] his [...] with an Audacious Pe­ [...]ulancy: —Make P [...]oviden [...] it self a Compli [...]ate; and with a [Page 120] Com [...]que sawcyness, Place or Displace; —in Heaven, or Hell as his Luxuriant Humour pleases.

BRADSHAW, these Villains rank among the Heroes; (and he deserves a Saints place in their Kalender) — a man, of whom we dare not barely hope well, so enormous was his life, and so Conform, his Obstination in that lewdness to his Death.

Whereas, that glorious Creature, that Dyed the object of this Monsters insolence, and Rage, that innocently suffered, what that Pageant-President as vilely acted: —that with a Primitive Pati­ence, Piety, Constancy, and Resignation, endured the scornes, the injuries, and persecutions of his own Subjects, and at the last, re­ceived his Death, from their very hands, in whose behalf he Dyed.

This Saint and Martyr, [BOTH; beyond Controversie, so far as we can Judge] is by our Charitable intelligencer Enroll'd in the Black List,—Charged with Indevotion and Intemperance; so was our Saviour a Wine-bibber, a haunter too of Publicans and Sinners:—to whose Inimitable example, [I speak with Reve­rence, to God and Truth] both in his life; and suffering, I do believe, the story of our Late Soveraign, bears the nearest pro­portion of all others.—But tis amid their Bon-fires, and their Tipple [this Miscreant tells us] that he's Canonized; — and that his Ma­jesty commanded Drinking as [...] Sunday exercise. The World that kn [...] the King, knows this to be a Lye, [but tis our Mercuries Trade;—'tis his Diana to amplyfie a little for the Publique good] 'tis true, there were some Liberties allow'd upon the Sabbath, which being mis-employed, were counter-manded. (How does this scand [...]ll both of Providence, and Society, scape Thunder, or a Dagg [...]r▪

We shall now have the story of our King and Saint: (he sayes) and to usher in the erection of his Statue, his Picture first,— dr [...]wn by the PARLIAMENT in 1647: (as our libelious Pam­ph [...]t [...]er would perswade us) when the Vote passed both by Lords and Commons, concer [...]ing Non-Addresses. I should be tedi [...]us to reply upon every particular in the Declaration he talks [Page 121] of: But as to what concerns the needfull, and the proper Vindi­cation of his Majesty; together with those worthy Members, whom this seditious Rump-whelp labours to involve in the same desperate and exorbitant proceedings with his ungracious Masters,—In what concerns, I say, their Vindication, I shall be clear and punctuall; leaving the Judgment of the Controversy, to the Impartial Reader.

WE revive this the rather, (sayes he) because the memory of Men being frail, cannot retain all particulars; which is the reason (we fear) why so many formerly engaged against him as high as any, upon conscientious accompts, both Religious and Civill, are stag­gering and backsliding, and have need of some quick and faithfull Mo­nitor to mind them of things past, and make them beware of the present, lest they return with the Rout, and cry, Let us make our selves a King again of that Family; that Family which so cruelly persecuted us and our Brethren, and which still remains engaged by reason of State, and anci­ent Principles of Enmity and Interest, to plow up the old Furrows upon our backs, and re-deliver our persons and consciences into the hands of our old Tormenters; and our Men of might, and our Counsellours, to become sacrifices to the revenge of an implacable party. March on then, (my Lord and Gentlemen,) for believe it, there is in point of Safety no possibility of retreat, and much less in point of Conscience or Honor; For, if you respect Conscience, (as we hope you do) lay your hands upon your hearts, and tell us what hope you or we can have, that the reformed Religion and Cause will be protected and maintained by the Son, which was so irreligiously betrayed both at home and abroad by the Father. It may be you do not readily remember these things, nor how much blood was spilt by royal treachery, nor the manifold usurpations and designs by him projected and acted upon our liberty, the like never done by any Prince before: and for Blood, the Scotish Ministers employed hither Anno 1644. proclaimed and published in Print, That the Late King had spilt more blood than was shed in the ten Heathen Persecutions of the Christi­ans: and the Ministers of London, (as we can shew you by severall [Page 122] Prints of theirs) declar'd, That satisfaction ought to be had for bloo [...] ▪ that he was a Man of blood, and not capable of accomodation with the Parliament. We mention not this to upbraid them; for, we reverence their antient Zeal in this particular, and humbly entrea [...] them, as well as your Excellency, and the Officers, and all the good people of these Na­tions, to observe the forementioned Resolves of the Lords and Commons, which were introductory to that most noble Act of Iustice afterwards ex­ecuted upon the King.

And that it may appear to be such; in despight of Ignorance and e [...] ­vy, we have been bold here to present you in Print that most remarkable Declaration of the Commons assembled in Parliament, in pursuance of the said Resolve of both Houses, wherein they declare the Grounds and Reasons why they passed the Resolves of no further Address, and there­in you will see also, how well he deserved to lose his head, and his Fami­ly the Kingdom; whose corrupt and irreconcilable interest had been the head and fountain of th [...]e Rivers of blood and misery which had flowed so many years about these Nation [...].

TO help the memories of some, that may very well forget the things they never thought of; and to reproach to o­thers, their inconstancy, who, out of good intent at first enga­ged, and after That, convinc'd of their Original mistake, upon a better Light, relinquished; there needs no better Monitor, than such a Person, whose Guilt and Desperation, transport him be­yond all hopes of mercy; — This Man sollicites for his Head, when under the pre [...]e [...]t of Conscience, he labours for a Party: and yet me thinks he should not need. Alas! hee's but the Rump's Sollicitor, he pleads their Cause, takes their Fee, and vanishes. Impudent Creature, to presume to be afraid; as if a Hangman would disgrace himself to meddle with him! O▪h that Family That Family, puzzles our Men of Might, [as the Droll words it▪] our Counsellors wonderfully.

Now do I phancy the Fellow, this Bou [...], extremely to see the Little Agitatour f [...]ll upon his Politiques, betwixt flattery, and [Page 123] saw [...]yness, Half- [...]uto [...], and Half-Parasite, with one eye up, and t'other down, accost the General.—

My Lord, and Gent [...]emen, march on; [the word of Command; a Noble Rogue] for believe it, &c.— their's no retreat, he tells them, either in point of safety, conscience, or honour, — and then the Whelp takes another snap at the King: as shamelesly, as senselesly, affirming, that the Reformed Religion, [that is, [as I suppose he means] the Protestant] and Cause, [that is, the Peo­ples Laws and Liberties] was irreligiously betrayed by our late So­veraign. [Who lost his head in defence of one, and th'other] the Caution he puts in against the Son is of the same alloy, a Per­son, so indulgent to his People, that out of his particular Necessi­ties, he yet relieved the English prisoners that were taken in Flan­ders; although his Enemies; and, in point of Conscience, further, so tender, that he preserves the Church of England in the Domini­ons of the King of Spain: and still, his Honour, with his Religion. But let us a little examine his Instances, for he pretends now to proceed to proofs.

The Scotish Ministers (as he tells us) proclaimed, and published in 1644. That the late King had spilt more blood than was shed in the Ten Persecutions of the Christians, — and the Ministers of London declared him a Man of blood, &c.— (That is, the High Priests, and Officers, cryed out, saying, Crucifie him, Crucifie him.) [That's the Original.] But to come closer to the Business, the Scotis [...], and the Scotch Ministers, are a clear different thing. Scotis [...], denotes the Antient Faction [...] of the Nation, [No Fa­vourers of Kings,] and Scotch, relates to their Nativity alone, abstracted from the Party.

First, they were Argyles Creatures, selected to promote Argyles designs: So, not the Ministry of Scotland, but a Pack of Scotish Ministers.

Next, of no more Authority to the Rump, against the King, than to the Nation, against the Rump, [in which they are as much unsatisfied.]

[Page 124]The Ministers of London, did as much, he sayes. That's some­thing truly; till we consider what those Ministers were, and by whom, placed, and moulded, for that purpose.

Marshall was the prime person in the Agency betwixt the two Nations; — He, that cursed MEROZ; He, that was sent Com­missioner into Scotland; taught them their Lesson there, and then returning, taught some of our reputative Divines to sing the same Tune, Here.—This is the Man, that clos'd with Nye, when Presbyte­ry went down; and carried the 4. Bills to [...]he King, at Carisbrook-Castle, for which, they had 500l. apiece. I could tell you of some more of the Gang, that, under question for confederacy with Love, after a due formality of seeking God, delivered, as upon accompt of Inspiration, that Oliver Protectour was the person; and his the Go­v [...]rnment, of all that ever were, or should be, the most agreeable to God.

This is not, to lessen the esteem of Holy Orders; neither to fix a rash, irreverend Censure upon the Ministry: No Man reveres the Character of a Church-man more than my self. But 'tis to shew the World, how much our Pamphlet-Merchand is steer'd, by Interest, and Passion, and how little, by Reason, and Truth.

The grinning Whelp, now, betwixt snarling, and fawning, would fain perswade the General, and his Officers, and all the world be­side] that the Resolve of Non-Addresses, by the Lords and Com­mons, was introductive to the MURTHER of the King. Murther, I say, that's the Plain English of what he stiles —A MOST NO­BLE ACT OF IUSTICE; His Method lyes through direct Contra­dictions to the Universal Rules, of Logique, Truth and Honesty.

By this Insinuation, he charges that Exorbitance upon the two Houses, and drawes an inference, from the Impardonable Quality of that Action, to the Necessity and Reason of pursuing it. This, he pretends to make appear, in spight of Ignorance, and Envy, from the Commons Declaration, in persuance of the resolve of Both Houses, conteyning the Reas [...]ns, why no further Address ▪ and thence, pro­ceeds to a Determination upon the Fathers Life, and the Son's In­heritance; [Page 125] — as po [...]itively fixing upon the Kings Accompt, those Plagues this Nation has endured; as if the Graceless Villain were of Counsell with the Eternal Wisedom.

I shall observe in order, and First, I'll prove that the vote of Non-Address, was not properly an Act of the two Houses; or if it were so, that it did not rationally direct to the Kings Life.

Secondly. That Declaration of the Commons, (SINGLY) de­claring the Reasons of the resolve of Both Houses (Joyntly) does not amount eitheir to a justification, or intention of taking the Kings life,—No not though I should grant the Members Free, — which I cannot; and the Authority Full: which I do not.—To the First.—

They were under a Force.— Upon a Debate in the Commons House, concerning the Answer to the 4. Bills, presented to him Dec. 24. 1647. and debated, Ian. 3. Commissary Ireton deliver­ed himself after this manner.

The King hath denied safety, and protection to his People by denying the 4. Bills, that subjection to him, was but in lieu of his protection to his People; this being denyed, they might well deny any more subjection to him, and settle the Kingdom without him: That it was now expected, after so long patience, they should shew their Resolution, and not desert those valiant men who had engaged for them, beyond all possibility of re­treat, and would never forsake the Parliament, unless the Parlia­ment forsook them first.

From hence naturally results the menace of the Army, in case the Parliament should forsake them; and Ireton understood the Souldjery too well to mistake them.—

As yet; here's nothing Capital pretended against the King.

After some more debate CROMWELL urged,—that it was now expected, the Parliament should govern and defend the Kingdom, by their Own Power and Resolutions; and not teach the People any longer, to expect safety and Government from an Obstinate man, whose heart God had hardened: That those men, who had defended the Parliament, from so many dangers, with the expence of their Blood; would defend [Page 126] them herein with Fidelity, and Courage, against all Opposition. Teach them not by neglecting your Own, and the Kingdomes safety, in which their own is involved, to think themselves betrayed, and le [...]t hereafter to the Rage, and malice of an irreconcilable enemy, whom they have sub­dued for your sake; and therefore are likely to finde his future Govern­ment of them insupportable; and fuller of Revenge then Iustice: Not [...] —lest Despayr Teach them to seek their safety by some other means than adhearing to you,— who will not stick to your selves; how destructive such a Resolution in them will be to you all, I tremble to think and leave you to Iudge.

This Speech, concluded the debate; and the better to Impress his meaning, he laid his hand upon his sword, at the end of it. If this be not a Force, what is? The Power and Inclination of the Army, being the only moving Arguments to obtain the Vote. The Question was then put, and Carried for no more Addresses.— But no pretence still that extends to Life.

I shall appeal now to the Declaration it self; to which our Regicidall Babler refers the world for satisfaction.

First, the Sectarians had stoln a Vote, Ian. 4. to Engarrison Whitehall, and the Mews: (the Lords not mentioned in the case) their manner of obtaining it, was this. 'Twas Noon, and the Independent party called to Rise. The Presbyterians went their wayes to Dinner: the Independents staid and did their bu­siness.

T [...]e Lords opposed the vote for Non-Addresse; (10. to 10.) but the Engagement of the Army, cast it, who sent a Declarara­tion to the Commons of thanks for their 4. Votes against the King, [...]ngaging to defend them with their Lives, &c.— Is this a Force yet?

Soon after this; comes forth a Declaration, and Reasons, &c. Drawn by a Committee appointed, by the Independents, &c. So that even That too, was a piece, Contrived by the Designers of our Mischief, and by a Force, Extorted from the Sober rest, that would have saved us. This appears, from the interpose of the [Page 127] Presbyterians, to moderate the Eagerness of it, upon the debate. The last 4. lines of the said Declaration will be sufficient to stop the mouth of any Reasonable person, as to the point of life; (even without the Violence; which undenyably produced the rest.) Af­ter an Enumeration of diverse particulars objected against the King▪ The Declaration concludes thus.

These are some few, of the many Reasons why we cannot repose any more Trust in him, and have made those former Resolutions; (mean­ing the 4. Votes concerning Non-Addresses) yet we shall use our ut­most Endeavours, to settle the present Government, as may best sta [...]d with the Peace, and Happiness of this Kingdom.

This very Declaration touches not his life; it is not said, settle A present Gov [...]nment, but THE—; (relating properly to an A­mendment, not an Abolition)

Considering the Grammar of it; I do not wonder much, at a Complyance; in some Measure, to an indecency, in ord [...]r to pr [...] ­vent a greater Ill, that threatned Them, and Us: and That, was their design; for when it came at Last to the Result of Life, [...]nd Death, (as then 'twas evident, it amounted to no lesse) those Gentl [...]men, whom the Author of Plain English would willingly engage, as Complicates,—those Gentlemen, I say, did then oppose themselves, against the Murth [...]r [...]us Faction, and voted for a Treaty, Dec. 4. Upon the 6. they were Imprisoned, and Af­fronted by the Army for their pains. —When the more mode­rate Party, was removed, the Rest were left at Liberty to consum­mate the Kingdoms Ruine, and th [...]ir own Da [...]ation.

Come I'll go further with the angry man; — put case, th [...]se Gentlemen had gone yet forward; and dipp'd as deep as he could wish they had. Frailty is an inseparable from our nature. 'Tis Humane to Transgresse; — 'Tis Christian to forgive, and 'tis our Interest to Repent. He that Delivers me by D [...]sign, though but from that mis-fortune which he himself engaged me in upon Mi­stake; —he is so far from any Reason to apprehend my Revenge, he has a Title to my Kindness: but our incorrigible MONITOR, sets up his Rest upon a Finall, Reprobated, Impenitence.

[Page 128]I have been Tedious, out of a desire to be Clear: but I shall hasten and contract as much as possible.

Having already proved the Declaration (of the Reasons why no more Addresses) to have been an evident contrivance of the Independent Faction, in the very frame of it; and publish'd, while the Army stood to dare, and Over-awe the Sober Party, that was likely to oppose it; I do not hold my self con [...]erned, in any further notice of the Particulars therein Conteined; and which our Challenger produces, as an unanswerable eviction, that the Late King and his Family, deserved Death, and extirpation (as by and by, he tells you) —Yet something shall be said, even to his Queries, thence extracted, (in due place;) but I must first un­vail him to the people; and that, by laying open the Dilemna he proceeds upon. —He reasons Thus,

My businesse (sayes he to himself) must be to hinder an A­greement with the King. The Presbyterian party (I'm afraid) enclines to't. If he returne, we're Lost: My own Soul tells me, we have sin'd without Remission, and yet I see no way to hinder it neither. The nation is United against us; the Presbyterian ab­horrs us, as much as the Royal party does; and the Army it self, begins to declare it self our Enemy. Whats to be done, must be both Q [...]ick, and Home. These Six wayes lye before us.

First, the Army must be wrought into a Tumult.

Secondly, The Presbyterian must be Right or Wrong, involv­ed with us in Guilt, and consequently in danger. They must be made to share in the Blood of the Father, and in the Detestation of the Son, and be possessed, that there can be no safety to Them, but in a common interest with our selves. To this end, we may forge Letters from Brussels, Suborn Witnesses to swear the King a Papist, &c.

Thirdly, the Cavalier must be perswaded, that the Presbyter only designes, to set up for himself; and Arguments drawn from by-past, and mistaken Failings upon promise, to beget a Jealousie. The inconsistency of Episcopall, with Presbyterian Principles must be objected, &c.

[Page 129] Fourthly, All Persons interessed in Estates, got by the War, must be engaged, for fear of losing them.

Fifthly, The General himself, must be solicited to take the Go [...]ernment upon him; Promises urged; no matter whether r [...]al or false: If this won't do, advise him, as a Friend, to have a care of the City; and bid the City look to him. Perplex them both; We'll confound all the World, rather then perish.

Lastly, We may publish the Declaration, of the Reasons, for no further Addresses: and try, it that way, we can either make a Party among themselves, or with the People. We may so bring it in, it shall be dangerous to reply upon, for fear of disobliging, and as unsafe to let alone, for fear of seducing. Here's the Di­lemma; It will be answered, or it will not; if it be 'twill startle the Presbyterian; if otherwise, 'twill puzzle the People. [I wish our Common Enemy would go this open way to work.]

Here's the true State and Method of our Adversaries Thoughts, and Actions. Now to his Quaeres, wherein I shall be tender, how I revive Disputes, either unkind, or unseasonable; and yet not wanting to my undertaking, that is, my undertaking to make Evident, that his Foundation is Sandy, and the Entire Structure composed of Rotten Materials. I'll take his— (what shall I call them?) Suppositions,—Objections, Questions, — (or call them what you will) one by one, and reply upon them in his own Or­der. Here he begins,

WOuld you see how and by whom the Irish Rebellion began, and up­on whose score those unparallel'd barbarous Massacres of hun­dreds of thousands of the Protestants in Ireband, do lye?

NO, we would not see How. We question not, but you'd be kind enough to shew us; and cut our Throats here just as those Rebels did their Fellow subjects there. (For an Irish Re­bel, is but the Anagram of an English Phanatique.)

By whom now, is another Question, and a Harder. Beshrew [Page 130] me, 'tis a Peevish point. Why — the Irish Rebellion, began, by the Irish Rebels: as the English Rebellion, did by the English Rebels. I hope Commotions in Ireland are no Miracles; nor is it needfull to assign them any other reason, than the Humour of the People? — Yet I'll be civil to you. I speak my Soul, I do believe, the Irish Catholiques in that Rebellion which you point at, took flame at the Severity they apprehended, from some extraordinary Declarations against them here, previous to their Rebellion.

This I must add further, the King, (for'tis at Him, our Au­thor's malice strikes) at his return from Scotland, did earnestly, and particularly recommend the care of Ireland to both Houses, in his speech, Dec, 2d. 1641. upon the 14th. he pressed them once again, to the same purpose; Adding, the great Necessity of Dispatch; — the daily Cries, and Importunites of the Irish Protestants, and offering all his Power and Interest toward their Relief, in these very Terms, See the exact Collections, the 1. and 2. Speeches in the book.)

That nothing may be omitted on my part, I must here take notice of the Bill for pressing of Souldiers, now depending among you my Lords, concerning which I here declare, that in case it come so to me, as it may not infringe or diminish my Prerogative, I will pass it.

And further, seeing there is a Dispute raised (I being little be­holding to him whosoever at this time began it) concerning the bounds of this antient and undoubted Prerogative, to avoid further debate at this time, I offer, that the Bill may pass with a Salvo jure, both for King▪ and People, leaving such Debates to a time that may better bear it, &c.

To conclude, I conjure you by all that is, or can be dear to you or me, that, laying away all Disputes, you go on chearfully and speedily for the reducing of Ireland.

By whom, Ireland was tumulted, I do not know; but that it was not by his Majesty, is most evident. Nor is there any Questi­on, but the Massacres there committed, must lye upon the score [Page 131] both of the Actors, and Promoters of those cruelties: who they are, when I know, I'll tell you.

WOuld you know who it was that interposed betwixt the Parliament and the Duke of Buckingham, and would not permit the proofs to be made against him concerning the death of his own Father?

THis I shall satisfie you in.

A Letter was presented to the house from Thomas Haslerigg (Brother to Sir Arthur) which was read; to this purp [...]se. That there was one Mr. Smalling, a Committeeman of Leicester-shire, who had been a Deputy-examiner in the star-Chamber, and affirmed, that above twenty years since, there being a sute in star-Chamber, between the Ea [...]l of Bristol, Complainant, and the Duke of Buckingham, De­fendant; Concerning Physick, presumptuously administred by the said Duke, to King James; the said Smalling took many Depositions therein, and was further proceeding in the Examinations, untill a War­rant, signed by the King, was brought him, Commanding him to sur­cease, and to send him the Depositions already taken; which Smalling did; yet kept notes by him of the principal passages, doubting what fur­ther proceedings might be hereafter in a business of such importance.

Sir Henry Mildmay moved that Smalling be sent for, and exami­ned upon Oath by the COMMITTEE that penned the said De­claration; but upon motion of the Presbyterians he was ordered to be examined at the COMMONS-BAR. Smalling came, pro­duced the Warrant, but no notes, so this Chimera vanished.

Tertio Caroli, this business had been ventilated, and examined against the Duke, and no mention made of Poysoning, or Killing King Iames, It was then only called, an Act of high Presumption, and Dangerous Consequence in the Duke, nor was there the least Reflecti­on upon KING CHARLES. (See the History of Independency par. 1. p. 74.)

WOuld you hear who it was that made so light of Parliaments, kill­ing them as soon as born, and making them a scorn by dissoluti­on at pleasure; and at length designed, and in fine drew sword against [Page 132] the very Parliamentary Constitution, after he had by imprisonments de­stroyed several eminent Patriots for their freedom of speech in the Parliament on the behalf of the Publick, and in particular, touching the death of his Fa her?

NO; it needs not, I can tell you that. 'Twas Cromwell, and the secluding Members. The RUMP, That drew Sword a­gainst the very Parliamentary Constitution. They clap'd up Sir Robert Pye, and Major Fincher for but desiring a Free-Parliament; on the [...]ehalf of the Publique ▪ sending their troops abroad to seize, and Threatning (themselves) to seques [...]er all the Declar [...]rs. (That w [...]i [...]h concerns his Majestie's Father, is spoken to already.)

WOuld the Scots know who it was that designed them to be the first Subjects of Slavery in spirituals and Civils, who hated their ve­ry Na [...]ion, though the Land of his Nativity; who made a Pacification with them, with a treacherous intent to [...]reak every Article; and ma­nifested it as s [...]on as he returned from Edinburg to London, giving special command to burn the said Articles by the hand of a Common H [...]ngman, and it was publickly done?

I' [...]l [...]ell you that too: 'Twas the old Arglye. —But hold you Sir. Touching the Treacherous intent, did he tell you his mind? But I conf [...]sse, you are quick-sighted; you could not see things else that have no Being; — as your own Piety, and publique Ten­derness; — You have approv'd your selves, Searchers of Hearts indeed; witness your Sacrifices to your MOLOCH (the good old cause) your Butcheries by Quartering, and Embowelling poor Wretches, only upon Frivolous, and Incongruous Circumstan­ces: senselesly patch'd together by your Ridiculous, and Suborned sons of Belial.

Because that your own Party, did resolve, at first to break all Oaths; and has been only True, in a fidelity to Hell, and Wic­kedness; you make no difficulty to measure others by your Impi­ous s [...]lves; — you Talk, and Act at such a Rate; — as if the Word of God were a Delusion; Divinity an old wive's [Page 133] Tale; and (seriously) not half so much Resp [...]ct, is paid to the Two Tables of the Decalogue as to the Orders of your Coffe-house. I shall not ravel the Transaction, sequent upon the Paci­fication you speak of.— But to your next.

WOuld you hear the Cryes of the blood of Rochel, and of his own people sacrificed in that Expedition to a Forreign interest, and of all the Protestants in France, for his Barbarous betraying of them.

THe Rochel Expedition I'm a stranger to; so I suppose are you, that make the Challenge. But if you had told me of [...]amai­ca; or the Sound; I should have understood you.

WOuld you cast your eye on past miseries; and recollect the manisold intollerable Oppressions of People both in matter of Estate and Conscience, and compare them with the indulgencies at th [...] same time to­ward Papists, yea and the designs laid to make use of Papists, to destroy both Parliaments and godly people together?

NOw you say something, surely The manifold intollerable op­pression of People in matter of Estate, and Conscience, &c. This I remember perfectly.

Your Major-General-Archy was an admirable Form of Gov [...]rn­ment: So was your Rump-archy. Clap a man up, and never let him know his crime, nor his Accuser, — declare a Man uncapa­ble of serving in Parliament, for having Bayes in his Windows, or a Minced Pye in Christmas, sequester half the Nation, because they will not swear back and forward; sell Free-born Men by Thousands into Plantations; and in fine, beside Excise and other Impositions Arbitrary, lay on the comfortable Load of 100000l. a Month upon a Begger'd Nation, and at the latter end of the day. (Is this the Oppression your wise Worship intends?)

Now for the matter of Conscie [...]ce, I can help you out there too. To shorten, let the Oath of Abjuration serve for all. You follow this with a sharp charge for making use of Papists. I could retort this, if I thought it valuable; but frankly, in a War, the subject of the Question is not Religion, but Assistance. Nor do I (tho' I might as well) condemn your Party, (that is, the Rump-men) for the same practise.

[Page 134] WOuld you understand the correspondencies main [...]ained with, and the encouragements given to, the bloody Irish Rebells, sor the Esse [...]ting his design; together with the correspondencies and Solicitati­ons settled in Forreign Countreys, to the same purpose, with all the cir­cumstances evincing the truth?

THis is the same thing again, shake Hands and to the next.

WOuld you be informed how often, and with how much solicitude the Parliament, notwithstanding all these things, did for peace sake, in a manner prostitute themselves, and hazzard the whole cause, by ap­pointing Treaty after Treaty, which he never entertained but with intent of Treachery, and thereby frustrated all their good intentions and endea­vours, before ever they passed the Votes of Non-Address.

Then, we beseech you, read the following Declaration, and be satisfy­ed to the full, whether or no the late King, and his Family deserved dea [...]h and ex [...]irpation.

I Pr [...]ethee do not choak us with the venerable sound of Parlia­ment: I talk to You, and of that Mungrel-mixture you plead for. A Parliament cannot do amiss, (be not too quick now) they may have done Amiss, and the next Session may repeal or mend it. What they did, I don't Q [...]estion: but what you say, will (as I humbly conceive) admit a Castigation. Look back up­on your self; These are your words — Which he never enterteyn'd (Treaty, that is,) but with intent of Treachery and, thereby frustrated their good Intentions, and endeavours, before ever they passed the Votes of Non Addresses.) At this rate, you ground the Non Addresses, [...]pon the Kings Intention of Treachery. A Posi­tive disclaim of your Ob [...]dience, upon a possible Dis-ingenuity in your Prince. Come, to cut short. Dare you say, that he promi­sed, and failed? That's Treachery, to betray a Trust: By this Rule of Proceeding, had you required his Life, and he refused, you might have taken it: his crime was only the Non-Conces­sion of what you d [...]manded; and he gave his Reasons too for that re [...]usall. Well but let's come up to the Vote it self. [Page 135] I have already proved, that it concerns not the secluded Members; and now I shall entreat you to Back my opinion, with a slip of your own Pen. Their honest strictness in the Negative, afterward, and their Adhesion to it, through all extremities, speaks manif [...]st­ly the intention of the party, and that acquits them. 'Tis your own Argument in your fourth expostulation. You charge his Treaty with a treacherous Intent, which you infer from a subsequent manifestation of himself by Action. But to dispatch, should I Grant all you Claim, yet did not the late King and his family, deserve death and extripation; The premises will not amount to't.

Now if you please go on.

AS for our parts, we very well recount the Series of past transactions, and do remember that in February 1647. when the two Houses of Parliament passed their Resolves of making no further Address, but de­termined to lay him wholly aside, they never were in a greater state of security and freedom, never passed any thing with greater deliberation; and never the least disturbance or alteration arose in either of the Houses against those Resolves, untill some Persons in the Commons House other­wise affected, and who by procuring Elections of Persons fit for their turn to serve in Parliament in vacant places, brought in new men of the Cava­lier s [...]amp (as is known) like themselves; and thereby out-balancing the old Patriots, gained the Major Vote of the House; and so with heat, and by design; obtained a revoking of those resolves which had been passed by both Houses in a time of temper, upon most serious Consideration▪ so that though we shall not take upon us ex absoluto to justifie the interposure of the Souldiery afterwards, and their Exclusion of the Adverse Members, (it being a transcendent Act, not to be measured by ordinary Rule, and which nothing can justifie but Supreme necessity) yet This we can truly say in their defence: In Iudgment and Conscience there was so indispensable a necessity, that had they not interposed, those Principles and the Con­cernments of the Common-wealth, upon which the aforesaid Resolves of both Houses were founded, had been utterly shipwrackt, and the whole Cause and its Defenders most inevitably have sunk together, seeing the [Page 136] same heady confidence in treaty was then given to the Father, which too many now encline to allow unto the Son, who were first engaged against them in the War, and held out to the time of the last treaty: whom (of all other Men) his party do hate upon that accompt; and, if they had an opportunity, would be sure to make them fall the severest Sacrifices to the Revenge and Memory of his Father.

THis is already Sifted, and a little Picking will serve the Turn here. A Cavalier, I find, is onely an Honest man that crosses a Fantan; but the Old Patriots it seems, were the Minor part of the House; and That's enough to entitle the Nation to the Ben [...]fit of the Treaty resolved upon. For Sir (if you'l give us leave) we'l be governed by the Major part. It's true, your Supreme neces­sity, is a pretty popular Sophism. But,

As necessity ha's no Law, so is it none; nor in any case pleada­ble against Law, but by the Judges of the Law, which at all hands, is confessed to be the Parliament, and the Major part of the Two Houses in conjunction with the King have ever denominated That.

I must needs take a little pains to correct the Gentleman, in his next Fleere upon the Presbyterians. He hangs like a Cock-sparrow upon the aforesaid Resolves of both Houses (which is but an old Trick of laying a Knaves Bastard at an Ho­nest mans door) and then he preaches most Infallible Destructi­on to the first engagers, whom the King will be sure to sacrifice to the Revenge and memory of his Father.

This opinion or rather suggestion of his, opposes all Principles of Honesty, Generosity, and prudence, which fall within the latitude of the case. Nay, Taking for granted, the very entrance upon the War Justifiable.

There might be then a Question, Now there's none, They intended only a Reformation, here's a Dissolution. A Liber­ty was there Designed, here's an Intollerable Slavery Imposed, Those quitted, when they saw th [...]ir error; These, for that very Reason, proceed. There is, in fine, This difference; One [Page 137] side would Destroy the King, the Other would Preserve him; These, would Govern Without Law, and the Other would be governed by Law. After all this peremptory rudeness at large; he bethinks himself at last of an Apology to the General; and now the Pageant moves.

WE urge not these things, with an intent to make the least reflecti­on upon your Excellencie, and our Brethern the Officers under your Command, as if we suspected your sincerity and constancy, after so many plain and positive Declarations against returning to our old Bon­dage under that Family which God so wonderfully cast out before us, and wherein we are confident he, for his own name and peoples sake, will never more take pleasure: but in regard the Old Adversaries behave themselves insolently and proudly, and publickly give out, the time is coming wherein they shall satisfy their lusts upon us, we thought it convenient to whet your Spirits with a repetition of these things, as we have done our own, that the world may see we yet own our Cause; and do believe, that what we have done as Instruments in driving out that Family, we have done in judg­ment and Conscience; and that you take a convenient time to let men un­derstand plainly that you also will continue of the same perswasion with u [...], for as much as there are none of the particulars charged upon the late King in the following Declaration, which would not, with many more, have been proved to his face by a Cloud of witnesses, if he would have put himself upon tryal, when he was called to a [...]swer for his actions.

ALas, good Gentleman; you suspect the General? No body can have such a Thought sure: you do but mind him of his Duty now and then, Refresh his Memory, and whet his Spirits. He has decla­red himself against returning to our old BONDAGE, under that Family which God so wonderfully cast out before you; but not against the Liber­ty, and Title of that Person whom God may, no l [...]sse wonderfully, bring in before you: and I suppose my confidence is better ground­ed, that the people will never more take pleasure in you; then yours is, tha [...] God will take no pleasure in Him; the Nation will as little [Page 138] endure the Rump, as you the King. But all this while, you Beg the Question, How comes the King to be mentioned? The Young man (as your gravity descends to call him) he's poor, & his Friends, Begg [...]rly; You have the Ballance of Propriety on your side too my Masters; you're safe enough then. I would advise you now to wait, and not prejudge Authority. You're to Obey, not to impose a Government. If you proceed to Murmure, and shew your Teeth, when you cannot Bite, 'twill be the worse for you. Indeed, your Good old Patriots will be the Minor Vote again of the n [...]xt Parlia­ment, if you behave not your selves more modestly, the people will suspect you; for Mutinous Servants prove but Untoward Ma­sters. Monopolies, and some misgovernments were the True Cause, that engaged the well meaning people, in the quarrel, not extir­pation of both Laws and Governours. But if your Adversaries, do (as you say) grow proud and insolent; in such a case, you may be allowed to whet your Spirits (as you express your selves, any thing but your knives; you were at that sport once) your judgment and your conscience we are satisfyed in; alas, the difference betwixt yours and ours, is but a Trifle. What we take to be slavery, you call Freedom.— A Rebell in our Judgment, is a Patriot in yours. — Murther, a Sacrifice; Robb [...]ng of Churches, in your soft Opinion, is but unclothing of the Whore; (a thing the Rump's a little given to) we term that Sacriledge. One frail­ty I must needs take notice of among you, for all you talk of Pro­vidence, I finde, the Arme of Flesh strikes a great stroke in your spiritual coflicts; and when y'are worsted; you'l take eggs for your money; and acquiesce, as well as your neighbours. This I obse [...]ve to be one Article of your Faith, you argue from Divine Omnipotency, that providence is ever on the stronger side. Sup­pose the Gentlemen of the Back-side, should look on for a fit now; the Royall Family (you say) God cast out before us: Who casts out these? But to make all sure, you pr [...]sse the General, and his Offi­cers to Declare, that they'l continue of the same perswasion with you. (This perseverance, I confess, is a main point you) should do well [Page 139] to leave a note, where they may find you; for you're a little vari­able, and they're a little shy of medling with those that are given to change. You're possibly, this day, resolved for a Republick; the next, for a Protector; by and by, a Counsell of Officers, and then, a Committee of Safety. Come, come, Gentlemen, the General will be just, without your Counsels; and steady, in despight of all your Arguments. Speak on.

GIve us leave (we beseech you) to add one thing more, which we had almost forgotten, to shew the madness of those men that can­celled the votes of Non-Address, and would have brought back the late King by the Isle of Wight-Treaty, and would now (if they might have their wills) bring in his Son by the like, viz. that at the very time when that Treaty was on foot, though this young man, who was then at Sea in the revolted Ships, declared all to be null which should be agreed on by his Father; yet, hand over head, in they would have had him, as others would now restore the Son upon the very same termes which he so positively declared himself an enemy to in his Fathers dayes. Good God! what a spirit of slumber hath seized such men, who were once deeply en­gaged with us in the Common Cause.

As for your Excellencie, far be it from us to entertain any suspition concerning you, supposing you must needs have upon your heart the true interest of Religion, and your Own too; and how much it is concerned in keeping Out of that Family, whose restitution we believe God will not now permit unto any designers, seeing he hath from time to time so sig­nally blasted all former undertakings. As to what concerns Religion, you know what hath been their Education and Dependency abroad, & should they returne, 'tis Obvious, all Other parties would be put upon their Guard to defend themselves against him and his Clergy at home; and so all sorts of Religious Parties, being constrained to combine for mutuall preservation and liberty, the War will soon be renewed upon the point where it at first began.

[Page 140]WHat pitty 'twould have been, this Gentleman should have forgot a thing that never was, the King (indeed) sent an express to the City, the coppy whereof was carried to the House, by the Sheriffs, and some of the Common-Counsell: 3. Aug. 1647. But not a syllable of what he mentions in it; nor any thing that way tending, yet was it eagerly debated, in Terminis, that the Prince should be declared a Rebell and a Traytor. Among O­ther Reasons, why it was laid by, One was, — the Covenant; a Second, was This, It would not do well; to vote the Prince a Traytour, the same day, that Messengers were sent to invite The King his Father to a Treaty. The clamorous puppy might bethink himself of bet­ter Language; especially Addressing to an Eminent Person. The madness of those men (he calls it) that cancell'd the votes of non-Addresses, and would have sav'd the King, &c.— If all were mad that would have sav'd That King, or that love This, we should, not find many sober Persons, in the Kingdom.

This Fellow keeps so much stir to cleer his Party of any jealou­sie, upon his Excellency, that he most evidently creates, and dis­covers one. How comes Religon now, To trouble our Athe­istique Saints! These Reprobates have violently taken the Father's Life, and thrown the Son out of his Right and Dominions; exposing him to the charity of Forreign Princes for a subsistence: and after this; his Education abroad, is made an Argument by this Brute, a­gainst his Return, where will he be next now?

AS to your own interest in the station where God hath placed you, 'tis well known what the private sence and opinion of that Party is con­cerning your Excellency, because you have been an Instrument, in keeping Scotland many years with so great a vigilance and prudence free from the attempts of that irreconcileable Enemy. Admit such a thing were possible, which some fancy, that you should be the man that would put the Crownagain upon the head of that Family; is it not plain what fate (setting aside all other Considerations) you might expect from a seeming reconciled Enemy, [Page 141] and a King too? It being the guise of Kings (as the Historians from enu­merable Examples do Observe) ever to recompence with hate their most meritorious Servants; making no difference to returne, betwixt the highest Obligation, and the grea [...]est Injury. The examples are so frequent in our own Chronicles, as well as forreign, that he who runs may read it; and 'tis not proper here to recite them.

INd [...]ed he's hard put to't, to make the danger out from the King, to the Generall, in case he should restore him. If there were no­thing else in't, 'twere enough, to make him Dear to the King, and to his party, that he Hates you. Do not deceive your selves: He'll be a scourge to the Phanatiques, and every soul that loves either Piety, or Peace will assist him. Do not mistake me neither. God forbid that all such as have either been misled by cunning practises; or else transported by necessities, to seek a livelyhood by unlawsull means. God forbid (I say) that all without distinction, should be marked with that Infamous Brand: No I intend it only of that Frantique crew, that preclude mercy, by despising it: and perse­cute the Truth with a Determinate Malevolence and spite: But Note, the man begins to soften.

ALas, (Sirs) 'tis not an Army that shall secure you, nor the power of the Militia that can secure our Antient Senators, (if any who have been engaged can be so fond as to think of security) for, let the Young man come in with freedom to encounter both Army and Militia with the bare title of King, and a [...]tuall possession of the Throne, the eyes of Army and Militia will soon be dazeled with the splendour of that Gay Thing, and fall down and worship at the sight and hope of the King­domes of this world, and the glory of them; and then all Bonds of agree­ment (if any be) will prove but Rushes.

Oh, for God and his peoples sake, yea, and for the City of Londons sake, whom Charles the Father branded in his papers with the Chara [...]ter of Disloyal and Rebellious City, (though at that time most renowned [Page 142] in her a [...]ings, set an end to the expectations of malicious enemies, and s [...]aggering Friends, by clearing up your selves, that we may see you in the light, vigorously asserting the good Cause of these Nations: yea, for t [...]e sake of Parliaments we ask it: and we doubt it not at your hand, seeing the people are not like to be brought to contend any more for Parli­aments, i [...] after so long a contest he should gain an Opportunity of im­proving a possessi [...]n of the Crown to an usurpation over the Priviledges of Parliaments.

THis Thing, I'll lay my life, belongs to the Rump; it is so much concerned in the behalf of our Antient Senators. Truly I'm half o [...] his minde, in what he sayes last. That is, I do believe, his Ma­j [...]sty w [...]uld be made welcome; But for Faithlesse; nothing but an Abjuring Perjur'd Villain would suspect him.

See how the Supple slave, is come about now: how Arrantly the Rogue Beggs: Oh! [...]or God and his Peoples sake, and for the City of [...] s [...]ke. (I am in [...]arnest; I must laugh before I can wr [...]te on.) Might not this fellow be laid hold of, upon the statute against sturdy Beggars, and Lash'd? He has absolutely turn'd a piece of one of the Rump-Ballads into Prose.

Nay my Lord; (cries the Brewers Clerk) good my Lord for the love of God;
Consider your self, Vs; this poor Nation, and that Tyrant Abroad;
Don't leave us: but George gives him a Shurg, instead of a Nod.

[Page 143]Come, hang your self, Beg right; here's your true meth [...]d of begging. — Oh for Tom Scot's sake; for Ha­slerig's; for Robinson, Holland, Mildmay, Mounson, Corbet, A [...]kins, Vane, Livesey, Skippon, Milton, Tich­bourn, Ireton, Gourden, Lechmore, Blagrave, Barebones, Nedham's sake: and to conclude, for all the rest of our Impenitent Brethrens sakes, Help a company of poor Rebellious Devils, that only for murthering their Prince, destroying three glorious Nations, breaking the bonds of Faith both with God and Men, trampling upon Reli­gion and Laws; exercising an absolute Tyranny over th [...]ir fellow-Subjects — Endeavouring yet once more to engage their native Countrey in Bloud; — to alienate the honest Soldiery from their Obedience; and in fine, for playing the Devil in Gods Name; are now in dan­ger to Lose the Reward of all their Vertues; — The Pos­sessions which they have acquired by violence, by a Ma­lignant and desperate design of Peace and Settlement.

This is the State of your Condition, and this should be the form of your Application.

Once more, and he bids you farewel.

BVt (my Lord and Gentlemen) leaving these things which touch only upon your worldly Interests and Concernments, we are bold to say, (though the jealousies of weaker Brethren be great and many) we believe our selves to be sure of you, because we have your Souls, as well as your personal Interests at pawn for your fidelity to the Publick. We remember your Declaration sent from Scotland to the Churches; and other Declarations at the same time. We might minde you, if it were needfull, how you have called God to witness, That the ground of your l [...]te undertaking in Scotland was, The Vindication os the Liberties of the People, with the protection and en­couragement [Page 144] of the Godly and the Faithfull therein, &c. and that you have no intention or purposes to return to our old Bondage; but that the providence of God having made us free at the cost of so much bloud, you will never be found so unfaithfull to God and his People, as to lose so glorious a Cause; but to resolve, with God's assistance, to endeavour a maintaining of our dear-purchased Liber­ties both Spiritual and Civil. But seeing these Declara­tions made before God, Angels and Men, (as your selves have said) do so much concern your Souls in the observa­tion of them, that they cannot but be much upon your hearts; therefore we mention them not, as doubting you, or endeavouring to perswade you, but to ease our own mindes, and to comfort the hearts of our Brethren, who have need to be comforted; and do wait for a good time when your Excellency shall break forth, and more visibly appear (through all the Clouds of Fear and Iealousie) a Defence and Protection (through the goodness of God) to all his people that fear him in these Nations; and so their hearts universally will return unto you: in assurance whereof, and that you will be very much confirmed and encouraged after the reading of the Declaration, We re­main,

Your Excellencies most faithfull Friends and Servants in the Common Cause.
March 22. 1659.

STill I perceive you're sure; and yet for your weak Brethrens sake, you minde His Excellency of a Pawn he has engag'd for his Fidelity to the Publick (only his Soul) in a Declaration before God, Angels, and Men, that he hath no intent to return to his old Bondage.

Why you Impudent Sots, does a Confederacy with a Pedling, Little, Sniv'ling Faction, that would subvert [Page 145] Order and Government, amount to a Fidelity to the Pub­lick? or does the avoiding the Old Bondage you keep such a Coil with, Imply the setting up a New and more Tyrannical Imposition.

In sine; the mention of the King, proceeds from your own Guilt, and Fears, that have so much abused him. The General meddles not at all to impose upon us; but only stands betwixt Authority, and Violence. His Excel­lency refers all to the Appo [...]ntment of such Persons as the People shall chuse, to Act in their behalf, and cannot in Honour side with a Party of Juglers, that only call them­selv [...]s our Representatives, and we disclaim.

This is enough said to convince you and the World, where the Abuse lies.

Now, having eased your mindes (in your own Lan­guage) you may go ease your bodies too; for I dismisse you: and all's but giving of the Rump a Purge.

Cursed is he that removeth his Neighbours Land-mark. April 2. 1660.

UPon this pinch of Time the Good Old Cause was hard put to't; as appears by their more than ordi­nary earnestnesse toward all Parties: but chiefly, they so­licited the Army, in an Audacious Pamphlet, Entituled, An ALARVM to the ARMIES of ENGLAND, SCOT­LAND, and IRELAND; the substance whereof may be collected from this ensuing Answer to it.

THis last Week, has brought to light, two Pamphlets, so exquisitely impious, as if they had been fram'd in Hell, by OLIVER and BRADSHAW. They speak the Language of the Damned, Horrour, Despairs, and De­solation. [Page 146] These goodly pieces are Christen'd, PLAIN ENGLISH, — and AN ALARUM. I suppose they are Twins, the Issue of the same Brain, as they are related to the same main End. I had nigh finish'd a Reply upon the [...]mer, when the latter came to my hand: comparing which with the other, I [...]inde they correspond so aptly, and so universally, to the same seditious Purpose, that there's not any Interest 'scapes their Malice and Attempt. They advance their Dispute, and March, together; that what they cannot gain by force of Argument, they may be ready to Essay by dint of Sword. PLAIN EN­GLISH is a reasoning of the case: first with the General, claiming, from his Engaging for the Publick Liberty, a title to his aid▪ in favor of a private and enslaving Faction. It labours then, to puzzle the Presbyterian into a jealousie of the Kings faith and honour, and consequently into a doubt of his own safety, should His Majesty be restored: Nay, not content to blaspheme the Kings Integrity by a bold censure of his secret thoughts; the shameless Beast (the Author of it) proceeds to charge the secluded Mem­bers with the guilt of the Kings bloud, upon a senceless inference drawn from the Declaration of both Houses in 1647, touching the Reasons of the Votes for non-Address. His aim is here, to perswade them to accuse them­selves.

How those Votes were obtained, I have shewed at large, (in answer to PLAIN ENGLISH) and it suffices: the whole Nation knows, that though the Plague was in both Houses then, yet All were not infected; the Rum­pers only had the Tokens, (nor all these neither:) so that at last, the seclusion of so many as opposed the Ca­pital prosecution of the King, amounts to a clear Act of discrimination; a separation of the clean from the un­clean.

[Page 147]Having there set the Presbyterians at work, upon the Question of Interest, and safety; and (after many a lame complement to his Excellency) he cuts out worse employment for the Phanatick Souldiery: and at the same time, breathing Hot and Cold — Reason and Mutiny, he solicites the General into a Complyance, and the Army into a Tumult.

To disabuse the multitude, (if any should be mad enough to be deluded by so gross a cheat) I'll lay the juggle open, in as few and familiar words as pos­ssible.

The Title speaks the business of the Pamphlet: ('Tis AN ALARUM;) and the Application — (To the OFFICERS and SOLDIERY, &c.) the malice; there's Treason in the very Face on't. If the first two words cost not the Nation a hundred thousand lives, 'tis not the Authors fault.

His second page places the Legislative power in the Army, challenging their promise; That before they would SVFFER themselves to be disbanded, or divided, they would see the Government of these Nations establisht upon the just and secure fundamentals, and constitutions of Freedome and Safety to the People, in relation as Men, and Christians, and that in the way of a Common-wealth, or Free-state-Government, without a King, single Person, or House of Lords.

These Gentlemen, I see, resolve to be their own Car­vers; not SVFFER themselves to be disbanded? This RUMP would be a perpetuall ARMY, as well as a per­petual PARLIAMENT. Let the Nation observe now the Quality of this suggestion.

First, By the Law of Arms, 'tis Death, that which these Fellows would engage the Army in; that mutiny against their General: (for they give him for lost.)

[Page 148]Next, 'Tis TREASON, by the Law of the Land; the VSVRPATION.

Thirdly, 'Tis MVRTHER, Murther intentional, in the bare conception of it; and actual, sure enough, so soon as that intention is but known. Now let us weigh the Benefits it brings, against the Crimes and dangers that attend it. FREEDOME and SAFETY to the People, both as MEN and CHRISTIANS; there's the Proposi­tion.

FREEDOME, there can be none to the People, where a Particular and Little party pretends to impose upon a number forty times greater, and enslave them.

Nor SAFETY, where in that Dispropo [...]tion the Na­tion is engaged against a Faction: and every Sword that's rais'd against it, carries damnation upon the point on't.

Neither do they act as Men. Man is a Reasonable and Sociable Creature. Here's a Design that breaks the Bond of Order: and betrayes a manifest Folly, by a contri­vance so impracticable and mischievous at once; Idly to labour the saving of a few guilty persons, at the price of an universal Desolation.

For Christianity; either my Bible's false, or their Opinion, that shall pretend to raise a Christian Govern­ment upon a Basis of Rebellion and Bloudshed.

From hence the terible Trifle proceeds to the distribu­tion of his Design into three Heads.

First, what the CAVALIER saies. Secondly, what the PRESBYTERIAN thinkes. Thirdly, what the Armies best Friends (scornfully called COMMON-WEALTH-MEN and PHANATICKS) do foresee, concerning the present transactions in the three Nations. And lastly, his own Observations, and seasonable Advice.

[Page 149]He tels us, The CAVALIER's OPINION, that the Ge­nerals intention is to bring in the King: and grounded upon t [...]e [...]e [...]easons.

Fi [...]st, [...]ha [...] upon the 11th of February last, he sent an imposing Le [...]ter to the Parliament, (in scorn called the R [...]M [...]) and thereupon, without any Order from them, marched with their Army into LONDON, then esteemed and made by Him (in destroying their Gates, &c.) their implacable enemies; and at night suffered so many Bon­fires, and [...]inging of Bels, and publickly drinking healths to the KING, and a FREE-PARLIAMENT; Roasting and burning of Rumps; hearing and seeing his MASTERS in open Street declared MURTHERERS and TRAY­TORS, &c. — Feasted and associated with the Kings Friends, &c.

This is a grievous charge, assuredly; and by the li­cense of our Observator, This I Reply.

The General's Commission expired upon the Tenth of February, so he was free the Eleventh. Again, it was the design of the Rump to make the General odious, and therefore they imposed on him such barbarous Or­ders, as probably might leave him to retreat. While he professed to Act by any Derivation from Them: malice it self cannot but say His Excellency stood firm to every point of Military obedience: at last, when they proceeded so severely against the City, he interposed; but his Mediation was rejected, and more imperious commands sent to him: this is enough to prove, 'twas not the General that made London the Rumps implacable Enemies; but 'twas the sordid Insolences of the Mem­bers that made the Conventicle hateful to the whole Kingdome; and this appeared by the Universal Joy that followed upon their disappointment. If the Rump at Westminster did by a Sympathy fellow-feel the suffe­ring [Page 150] Rumps in the City, the Case indeed was hard; but for the rest, th [...] Murtherers and Rebels they were call'd, — methinks it should not trouble folks to be call'd by their Names; (that's only Liberty of Con­science; and I dare say, the people spake as they thought) Are these Gentlemens Ears so tender, and their Hearts so hard? Is the Sound of Treason and Murther so dreadful, and the Exercise of it so Trivial?— I must confesse, to stay away Ten dayes together, (from the 11th. of Feb. til the 21th. as that his Masters charge him with) was something a long Errand. But seriously Gentlemen, considering 'twas his first fault, forgive him.

The second motive to the Cavaliers Discourse (that his Excellency will restore the King;) is, that notwith­standing his engagement by Letter, and Verbal promise to His MASTERS (that had ventured their All, to secure him from being ruin'd by Lamberts Army, he yet admi [...]s the Secluded Members to sit, (most of whom he absolutely knew to be for the Restauration of CHARLES STU­ART,) &c.

To this; it is notorious, that Designes were laid to murther the General; That the Rump Received, and Kept in Members impeached: That they promoted, and gave Thanks for BAREBONES Petition, containing matters of direct contradiction to their Professions. In the next place; instead of the Rumpers saving the General from being ruin'd by Lambert, the General saved them; and touching their Opinions concerning (CHARLES STVART, as this Villain prates) the King. The Noble General regarded their Trust, not their Opi­nions, nor did he enquire what they were.

Thirdly, (say they) [...]he General will bring the King in; for he hath suffered [...]he secluded Members to release [Page 151] Sir GEORGE BOOTH, and his Party, &c.— Again, they have (de novo) voted the COVENANT to be Printed, Read, and set up, &c. — acknowledging the late King's Posterity: — as likewise suffering to be maintained in the House, that none but Iesuites and Priests are for Free-Sate Government.— Observe yet fur­ther, (sayes the CAVALIER) that he imprisons Common-wealth-men, and releases Royalists, &c.

These Rumpers have gotten such a trick of breaking Parliaments, that 'tis their publick Profession now be­come to enforce them to the bent of the ARMY. SUFFER, still is the word. The General SUFFERED the secluded Members to Release Sir GEORGE BOOTH.— The next point is yet more remarkable: These very COVENANTERS ABJURE the COVENANT. — As for the SUFFERING (there 'tis again) to be main­tained, that only Iesuites, &c. — the General is not properly to take cognisance of what passes in the House; (the King was chidden for't, see Exact Collections, the Petition of both Houses Decemb. 14. 1641.) — now for imprisoning and releasing. If it so happen that some Commonwealth-men deserve to be laid up, and some Royalists to be enlarged (not as such) it is but [...]u [...]tice to do the one, and the other; for at the rate of this subtile Argument, Free-state-men shall be Protected against the L [...]w, and Royalists so Persecuted like­wise.

Lastly, the Cavaliers conclude as much from the Gene­rals countenancing the Militia; being raised and formed to murther, and destroy the Army — and that the same thing was done long since in Scotland: — besides, the Irish Army have proceeded answerable to himself. — And divers Officers that served the late King have had fair promises from him, — and several of the Kings sriends [Page 152] are peaceably returned from exile, &c. — and again, there's a Proviso in the ACT of DISSOLUTION, con­cerning the LORDS being a part of the PARLIAMENT, &c.

To be short, — the General encourages the Militia to Save the Countreys, not to Ruine the Army, — next, if long since done in Scotland, the better done, the sooner; for England hath been only Rump-ridden, for want of it. To this, the conform motion of Ireland proceeds from their Commune Concerne with England in deli­vering themselves from the Tyranny of the Rump; for the Generals promises; I am glad to hear it, but truly I know nothing of it. In truth, 'tis a sad business, Alder­man Bunce his return: and the Proviso in the Act of dissolution, (for certainly, by the known Law, the Lords are no part of the Parliament.) To speak my thoughts freely; I am very glad to hear that the Cavaliers are of Opinion that the King will come in, but I believe it ne­ver the more for your saying it.

Now to the SOBER PRESBYTERIANS: they (sayes our Phanatick) begin to suspect the General: for the Ca­valiers are at this instant arming themselves in all the three Nations, and if CHARLES STUART comes, he'll bring with him Arch-Bishops, Bishops, &c. — and then in comes his Mother — with her Iesuites, Priests, &c. — and this will make little difference betwixt us and the Sectaries.

Now do I dote upon the sincerity of this Bubble; had he pretended to Religion himself, h'ad been ridiculous; but putting that scruple upon the Sober Presbyterian, 'tis well enough. The story of the Cavaliers Arming themselves, is a Phanatick, not a Presbyterian con­ceipt. As to the Queens bringing in Jesuites, &c. It needs not, the Independents have enow for her Majesty and [Page 153] themselves too. (How the changeable Buttersly flutters from Party to Party, and whereever he seizes, he stains.) As to his concluding Opinion, that the King will put no difference, he may live yet to change that opi­nion.

He comes next to the Armies BEST FRIENDS, (as he terms them) and they preach nothing but Fire and Sword, if ever the King come. Oh this pestilent MI­LITIA! Alas poor Wretch! Away with your Impro­bable Lies: The Secluded Members threaten the Army, Yes, 'tis a likely matter. Come Gentlemen, you are safe, if you continue honest, and lost without it. Do not you know, that these very persons that now Flatter you, are the people that have taken your meat out of your mouths; that have received sufficient for six Ar­mies from the Nation, and yet have left you monilesse, and ready to perish for want of Bread? Nay, suppose their Arguments were more rational than they are, and that the King were a Person as famous for Cruelty, as he is for Clemency, you were still safe. You are below the stroke of Revenge. They are fearfull for their own Heads, and pretend to concern themselves for you. They talk of Treachery, in case you should recede from their Designs: They tell you of Engagements, Promises, &c. — and so do I. Remember but your Oathes and Covenants; and if you do, you will not mix with them; they promise you the glory of after-Ages: yes, you shall be Renown d, if you engage with these Desperadoes.

Look back into old Stories; enquire into the diffe­rent reputation of the Brave Mayor that kill'd the Rebel-Patriot, and of the Libertine himself that fell; (a MARTYR your hot headed Councellor would call him) Are you ambitious to be Chronicled with JACK OF [Page 154] LEYDEN, KNIPPERDOLLING, CADE, TYLER, RAVILLAC, BALTAZAR GERARD▪ &c. Desire your brainsick Illuminates to tel you Muncer's Story, go to, beware of separating. Remember them that cried▪ You take too much upon you ye Sons of Levi, the Congre­gation is holy every one of them, and the Lord is among them. To come a little nearer home. Reflect upon the deceas'd Patrons of their Frantick Zeal; their very slesh is not more putrid than their memories. Come nearer yet, and look impartially among your living Partizans, (I speak of such as our Pamphleter stiles Pa­triots) do not you finde them cloth'd with the Spoils of Widdows, and of Orphans? Nay, look into their Morals, even toward those, that with the loss of Bloud and Peace, have rais'd them: how Thanklesse and how A varicious are they? Examine now their Principles of Courage, and their Military Vertues: do they not sneak into Committees, and there dispose of all the Advan­tages of your Unchristian Hazzards? YOV kill the HEIR, but THEY divide the INHERITANCE.

Having abundantly perplex'd the mindes of his weak Brethren, he's as intent, now, how to entangle the In­terests of the Nation. The man is willing to do any thing that may help on the work of undoing All; and here he's ballancing Accompts: — casting up how many millions will pay the Court-debts, and repair the Losses of His Majesties Friends. For that I think the next Parliament may as well compose the Difference, as either he or I: this only I may say, 'tis not the care of the Publick which imploys him so much. His sins are greater than he can bear.

All this is nothing, compar'd with what he has yet to tel you. Observe him well, and ask him, how he looks when he lies? Vpon his knowledge, the Militiaes are re­solved [Page 155] to cut the Soldiers throats in their beds. Why does he not discover who they are? Still the bloudy 11th. and 21th. of Febr. runs in his Head; The Villanies of that night, how hardly does he digest them! and then the Catalogue of Saints (the Holy-ones of the Rump) that nettles the Bum terribly. That marks them out for a Massacre, he sayes. The Worthies have behaved them­selves well the mean while, that call themselves the People. Why, at the worst, if the People have a minde to destroy themselves, they cannot begin better than at the Breech; that's a good way from the Heart.

The Story of your Governor is every bodies tale. I'll only take the Applicable part; We love the TREASON, but we hate the TRAYTOR. 'Twas you Betray'd your Countrey's trust to the Army. They love the Treason, but they hate the Traytor. ('Tis as fit as if it had been made for you.)

Now your Advice, which is scarce worth a Fee; for —you propose things Impossible: Rendezvous first, you say: why you Phansie, sure, that the General is of the Plot; and that his Officers are all mad; and then you propose a Confederacy, as 'twas at NEW-MARKET: your little Agitators, &c. — Fie, Fie! Gentlemen, here's the difference of the Case; the Nation then was with the revolted Party against the Great ones: Now, they're Unanimously against you, in any such Design. Your General is a Gentleman and a Soldier; and every Man that is either, (in the Kingdom) will die at's Feet: His Officers are Persons that understand Honour, and the Discipline of War. There's not a man among them, but when he comes to passe a Sober Thought upon so base an action as a Mutiny, would rather Perish than promote it.

[Page 156]Beside, you are discovered with the first breath that utters the least Syllable, tending to Conspiracy. Could I believe, the Conscience of that Traytor that advises you to this, would let him Sleep, I should believe his Councel but a Dream, 'tis so remote from any due Co­herence of right Reason. Come, shall I Counsel you a little? Be obedient to your Superiors; Compassionate to your Countrey; Just to your Equals: In fine, serve God, and honour those whom he hath set over you for your Good.

'Tis not the Fool's Reviling of his Betters, that mends your Cause, or makes ours worse. There are (as he sayes) Ropes twisting, I believ't, but they are for such Imps as himself. He tels you, Gallows are setting up for the executions of your friends; (and he accounts him­self one of your friends) who knows what may come on't? He concludes with a Proverb; Men ARM'D are seldom HARM'D. Take mine too, and so shall I conclude: Save a THIEF from the Gallows, and he'll CVT your THROAT.

April 4. 1660.

Libido Dominandi, Causa Belli.

[Page 157]THe Militia of the Nation, being at present in good forwardnesse toward a settlement, was yet quick­ned by Lambert's escape out of the Tower, which was understood to signifie more than his particular Freedom and Safety, by reason that he had already refused Li­berty upon engagement to be quiet. Hereupon the General placed four Companies of his own Regiment in the Tower; and the Council of State issued forth a Proclamation against Lambert and his Complices, re­quiring all persons whatsoever to be assistant to the Sup­pression of them. The Citizens repair'd their Posts and Chains, strengthened their Guards; and (in short) the whole Nation was as vigilant as possible to disappoint the Grand Conspiracy of the Phanaticks. About this time they made several Attempts in order to a general rising; but by the care and Conduct of the Council, the General, and the Militia, all came to nothing; the heart of the Design was almost broken: and yet they would not leave their Pamphleting. Particularly Milton put forth a bawling piece against Dr. Griffith and somebody else another scurrilous Libel, entituled, EYE-SALVE: I did not think it much material to reply upon these, the people being already convinc'd of the Right; but however, being excited to it by a private Friend, I re­turn'd these following Answers.

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