A SERMON PREACHED AT St Patrick's Church, DUBLIN, On the 16th. of Novemb. 1690. BEING THE Day of Thanksgiving FOR THE Preservation of His MAJESTIES Person, His good Success in our Deliverance, and his Safe and Happy Return into England. Before the Right Honourable the Lords Justices of Ireland. By WILLIAM KING, D. D. Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin.

LONDON, Printed for Robert Clavel at the Peacock in St. Paul's Church Yard, 1691.

To the Right Honourable, Henry Lord Sidney, Uiscount Sheppy: AND Thomas Conningsby, Esq Lords Justices of IRELAND.

May it please your Lordships:

THIS Sermon was at first Composed, and is now Published with peculiar respect to their Majesties Subjects in this Kingdom. Those in England, who had the Advantage of Enquiry and Correspondence, need not the Informations here offered. But the Prote­stants of this Kingdom have been so long, and industriously kept in the Dark, and not suffered to look into the Designs of those that had them in Subjection; (further than they felt the effects of them) that many may be Strangers to the full extent of those De­signs, and the Miraculous steps of Providence by which they have been [...]elivered from them.

I know much more might [...]e [...]aid, and has been said on this Subject. But I have chosen those points that seemed to me most P [...]per for [Page] the Occasion: And I hope enow to satisfie us all of the great reason We have to Praise God for our wonderful Deliverance; which was the design of the Discourse.

Your Lordships can witness what sense the Protestants of this City have of it; and for ought appears, the whole Body of them through the Kingdom, are in their present Majesties Interest to a Man. Which could never have happened, If the Late Government had been in any measure Tolerable to them. And had others, instead of being at ease where they were at that time, Lived here, under the Go­vernment they fancied so Indulgent, I doubt not but they would have had the same Sentiments with us, and been cured of their Folly.

*Your Lordships have come to the Govern­ment of this Kingdom in an ill, and Unset­tled Posture of Affairs: But you need look back only, to Presidents in each of your own Families, to Guide your Management with the happiest Success your Ancestors Governed it, in times as difficult as the present; and had the Chiefest part in Reforming the Su­perstition and Barbarity of the Natives; and [Page] in settling Religion on that happy Foot, on which it has since stood: But they, and all since have been forced to leave the Work Im­perfect: It remains now, I hope, to be perfe­cted by You.

Your Lordships may reasonably conclude, That, it is not an easie undertaking to Ci­vilize and Reform this Nation; since so great Persons were not able to perfect it: And yet that it is to be done, because they went so far in it. For want of a Vigorous Prosecu­tion, it has been to do a-new, every forty years, hitherto; Your Lordships have the Ex­perience of many such Periods to direct you how to do it effectually. We hope, and hear­tily Pray, That, it may now at last have its Accomplishment in Your Hands, under their Majesties Government; and that this may be one of the Blessings of their Reign: Provi­dence has given you an opportunity of making your Selves, and your Memory Grateful to Present and Future Ages, by becoming hap­py Instruments in it. That you may be such, I hope Your Lordships will believe is, by none more Zealously desired, than by,

Your Lordships most Humble and Obliged Servant WILLIAM KING.

A SERMON Preach'd on the 16th. of Novemb. 1690.

Psal. 107, 2d. and 3d. Verses, Old Translation.

Ver. 2. Let them give Thanks whom the Lord hath Redeemed, and Delivered from the hand of the Enemy.

Ver. 3. And gathered them out of the Lands; from the East, and from the West; from the North, and from the South.

THanksgiving is all the Tribute we can pay to Heaven; and 'tis so easie a Return for our Beings, and the many Comforts we re­ceive from thence, that he is very inexcusable, and unworthy the Mercies he re­ceives, who is backward in so easie an Acknowledg­ment: Hence the whole World has ever look'd on it, as the securest way for continuing their present, and procuring new Blessings, to own God to be the Author of them; and to express their Grati­tude in Hymns and Sacrifices, and in other Acts of [Page 2] Devotion and Thanksgiving: As appears not only from the People of God in the Old Testament, but likewise from the yet remaining Devotions of the Ancient Heathen.

This Psalm is a solemn Form, used by the Jewish Church on such occasions. 'Tis not material to ex­plain to you the first occ [...]sion of its being made; it sufficiently appears from my Text (which is the Introduction to it,) that it was designed, as a So­lemn Return of Praise to God, for Redeeming the Israelites from Captivity; for delivering them from their Enemies; and bringing them back to their own Country, whence they had been driven by Violence and Oppression, ver. 39.40.

Now this is so exactly Our Case, and the design of our present Meeting; that I think there is no more incumbent on me, than to endeavour to beget in you a due sense of it, and to stir you up to an hearty Acknowledgment of Gods present Mercies to us: And I promise my self some Success in this Under­taking, and that the Consideration of the follow­ing Particulars will make the same Impression on every body concerned, as they have done on me.

First, Therefore let us consider our Deliverance.

And Secondly, The Returns we are obliged to make for it.

In our Deliverance we ought to Reflect.

I. On the Depth of the Contrivance, and Design against us, from which God has graciously been pleased at this Time to Deliver us.

II. On the great Extent of it. All Princes in Europe, especially such as profess the Reformed Re­ligion, being struck at by it.

III. On the Miraculous Concurrence of Provi­dences for our Deliverance, in breaking this Design so deeply laid, and vigorously Prosecuted.

[Page 3]You all have suffered so much by this Design; and the Memory of your Dangers and Deliverance from it, is so fresh before you; that I need not trouble you with the Particulars of it: 'Twas, in short, to destroy you and your Religion, and enslave all Europe under the Tyranny of the French King.

I. The Depth of this Design appears: 1st. From the length of Time, wherein it has been forming and car­rying on. Some, and not without Reason, date it from the very beginning of the Reformation; some from the Restauration of the Royal Family, and some from the Pyrenean Peace; but as it immediate­ly concerns these Kingdoms, we can trace it by ma­ny Footsteps from the year 1670▪ since which Time, not only we, but all Europe have groaned under the Fatal Effects of it. As to this Kingdom of Ireland, we find a Scheme of it laid down at large, in a Pa­per formerly found in the Earl of Tyrconnel's House, (then Collonel Talbot) dated July 1671. Supposed to be drawn up by his Brother Peter Talbot, then Titular Arch-bishop of Dublin, and accidentally dropt about that Time. Several Copies of which, have for many years been in Protestants hands. In this Paper are proposed the Modelling the Army; the admitting Papists into Corporations; the bring­ing them to serve in Civil and Military Employments; and the raising a vast Army of them, to be transpor­ted into England on occasion.

One Particular in this Paper is Remarkable; 'tis in these Words: ‘The Toleration of the Roman Catholick Religion in England being granted; and the Insolen­cy of the Hollanders taken down; a Confederacy with France, which can influence England, as Scot­land can also, will together, with God's Blessing, make His Majesty's Monarchy absolute and real.’ Where we see that the Design was to make the King absolute: [Page 4] And the Means proposed, Toleration of Popery, a War with Holland, and a League with France; all which were at that time put in practice, and have been pro­secuted vigorously to this day.

But 2dly. We shall better understand the Depth of this Design against us, if we reflect on the Po­wer, Policy, and Number of the Persons engaged. The Power and Money of France; the Cunning and Craft of the Jesuits; the numerous and bigotted Roman Clergy; the Wealth and Arms of England, were all to be employed to our Ruin. The indi­gent and desperate Papists of Ireland were to be Armed, and let loose upon us; The common Ene­my of the Christians, the Turk, and Ravaging Tar­tars were called into Christendom, to promote this Design, and their destructive Methods of ma­naging Wars by universal Slaughters, Havock, and Burnings, brought into Practice by the more Vnchri­stian French: And to Crown their Design for the general Slavery and Desolation of Europe, Prote­stants were cajolled, bribed or compelled to fight against, persecute and devour one another. All which might be proved by undeniable Instances, if this Sermon were designed for a History.

But 3dly, We may have a further Idea of the Depth of this Contrivance, from which God has hitherto delivered us, if we consider the Methods used for effecting it: Had it been hatched in Hell, it could not have been more a Mystery of Iniqui­ty than it was; more Black and Villainons Means could not have been applied to bring it to Per­fection.

For 1st. We find Wicked, and Treacherous Leagues and Conspiracies entred into, in order to carry it on: One of which is more especially Notorious and Remarkable for its Folly and Falshood. A League [Page 5] so contrary to all Sence, as well as Faith, that the great Princes concerned in it, are yet ashamed to own it; a League so mischievous to Europe in ge­neral, and so destructive to England in particular, that it has brought them to the very Brink of De­struction: And it is only God's Miraculous Provi­dence that could, or yet can preserve them; a League that broke the Ballance of Europe, so care­fully preserved by our wise Fore-Fathers, and by that means has advanced one, by depressing and sink­ing all the rest. This is that Fatal Confederacy with France, proposed in the Fore-mentioned Paper: These are the Engagements of Friendship and Alli­ance, which Monsieur D' Avaux the French Am­bassador, tells the States of Holland, in his Memo­rial of September the 9th, 1688. The King his Master had with the King of Great Britain; This is the secret Treaty Abbot Primi tells us, His Britannick Majesty signed in the Year 1670, where­by he should have secured to him an absolute Autho­rity over his Parliament, and the Re-establishment of the Roman Catholick Religion in his Three King­doms; This is the Alliance with France, which Moloony the Popish Bishop of Killaloo, in a Let­ter of his to Bishop Tyrell of March 8th. 1689. (the Original whereof was found amongst the Bishops Papers, and is ready to be produced) is so very angry that some Trimmers (as he calleth them) obliged King James to disown; and this is the very Source and Fountain of all the present Calamities of Europe, but more particularly of ours.

A second Method of carrying on of this Conspiracy to Ruin us, was, by corrupting Ministers, by grant­ing large Pensions, and multiplying Bribes. I wish this means of promoting this wicked Design had [Page 6] stopped at Ministers, and that the Honour of Princes had set them above the Suspition of taking Bribes; for we are willing to think that it should be be­low the Majesty of a Crowned Head to turn Pensi­oner, or to sell his Crown or People for Lewis d' Ors.

A Third Means for carrying on this Contrivance against us, was Murthering and Poysoning: An Art too much practised of late in some Courts. And 'tis observable, that wherever the Life of a Protestant, stands between a Papist and an Inheritance, it is of no long continuance; nor doth any Prince begin to appear vigorous or terrible to France, but he is in danger to be taken off in the Prime of his Age, and that not without Suspicion of Foul Play; wit­ness Prince Lewis of Brandenburgh, and the Duke of Lorrain. There is much Gold in France, and there are every where wicked Men ready to be bribed to do any thing; and 'tis not supposed of some that they scruple much to make the Experiment what it is able to do.

But 4thly. Where they could not Murther Prote­stant Princes, (it is hard to say where they have not attempted it) they endeavour to defeat them of their Succession. We all are satisfied that this was the only Womb, that conceived a Prince of Wales for us, and gave him a Birth. There was an Attempt of the same kind, in the days of Queen Mary, which did not succeed to their mind, but Time and Experience make Men wiser: Hence it is, that the Contrivance that proved abortive then, did with us come to Perfection; but in such a manner, that at the same rate (if al­lowed) we might be sure never to fail of an Heir, to defeat a Protestant Successor.

A 5th. Means of promoting this Design, was, by calling the Turk into Europe, and by supporting that common Enemy of Christianity, to the Ruine of those [Page 7] that profess the Holy Name of Christ. And the French King, that he might embroyl Christendom by Sea, as well as by Land, has made his Pride stoop to his Interest, and condescended to buy a Peace with the Algerines: Covenanting with them, to assist them in their Pyracies, and their Enslaving Christians. A Man and his Designs are known by his Friends and Confederates: Now the French King's Allies are, the Banditi of Italy, the Pyrates of Algiers, the Turks and Tartars of Asia, and the Tories of Ireland: What a Mercy of God is it, to give us a Deliverance from the Conspiracy and De­signs of such Monsters.

The Depth of this Design appears from a sixth Me­thod used to Effect it, and that was, to stir up and Animate one Party of Protestants to Bite and Devour another, 'Tis not bare difference of Opinion that makes Men of different Sects, so strange and un­sociable to one another, as we commonly observe them to be; but their Strangeness and Enmity pro­ceeds either from Interest, or from some peculiar Principle that obliges them to Persecute and De­stroy all that differ from them, tho' in a Trifle: Where neither of these happen, or where Men of different Opinions are not Encouraged, or suffered to hurt one another, we see they live very easily, and lovingly together: Of which Holland is an undeniable Instance: And likewise this City under our Late Common Sufferings; in which the Generality of Protestants, notwithstanding their Difference in Judgment, lived with much Mu­tual Confidence and Friendship. But it is a Prin­ciple of the Roman Church, that every Prince with­in his own Dominions, is obliged to Extirpate, and Destroy all Hereticks: And that under no less a Penalty than Deposition. This is required of [Page 8] Princes by the Councils of Lateran and Constance, and all Popish States, and Princes have been so True to it in their Practice, that I do not remem­ber that there has been, nor believe that there is at this present, any Prince or State of that per­swasion, who doth Tolerate any Religion besides their own, in their Country, where they are able to suppress it with safety to themselves: And they have generally been so eager upon it, that many have attempted it to their own destruction. No wonder therefore if their Persons, and Religion be very Odious to Men of different perswasions; since Every body Naturally hates one that is always rea­dy to do him a Mischief. But I wish that they had kept this Principle to themselves, and not industri­ously sowed it amongst Protestants, among whom they first, by their Emissaries sow False Doctrines, and raise Schisms; and then set up others to Per­secute, and Destroy those whom they themselves have seduced. And when they have prevailed with one party to Bate, Worry, and Exasperate another to the Height, they then take them off for a time, put the Rods and Axes into the Hands of the Oppressed, and whilst they yet smart under their sufferings, they stir them up, and Encourage them to Re­venge themselves on their Persecutors. By which arts they make the breach irreconcilable, and the difference, tho inconsiderable in it self, to become the ground of an Eternal Schism and Feud, between the Parties whom they have thus Dashed against one another.

We all know that these were the Methods used to set us together by the Ears, ever since the Refor­mation, and in the Two last Reigns 'twas particu­larly observable, that Toleration and Persecution, succeeded one another by turns; and were timed [Page 9] just as they served most effectually to set People a madding against one another. One day the Laws must all be put in execution, and none must be a Favourite, that would not be forward to execute them; the next day the Persecution must not only be stopped, but the instruments of it exposed to the revenge of those they had exasperated, and forced to take their turn in suffering, by the Actions and Law-Suits of such as they had wronged. Thus the common Conspirators against our Peace, Liberty, and Religion, blew the Coals, and kindled a flame amongst us, that was like to devour us all: And 'tis God's great Mercy that we have escaped it. These are a few of those considerations which might be offered to shew the depth of this Design, from which our good God has graciously redeemed us.

II. But I haste to the second Head of my Dis­course, whence we may have occasion to magnifie God's goodness in our Deliverance: and that is from the extent of the design against us, which was equal to its Depth, it being of a vast and compre­hensive Nature.

The true and great Design was, to satisfie the Ambition of the King of France, by advancing him to the Vniversal Monarchy of the West: England might be cullied and wheedled with the imaginary pleasure of Mastering his Parliament, of getting his will of his People, and settling Popery; Holland with the hopes of Gain and free Trade; the Pope and Emperor, with the specious pretence of re-establish­ing the Catholick Religion; but the true and bot­tom design was, to enslave Europe, and to make the French King as great and as pernicious to the Western Princes and States, as the Turk has been to the Eastern. And they did not miss the matter, who in the Emblem represented these two as sawing the [Page 10] Globe a sunder, whilst the King of Englands part was to pour in Oyl, to make the Work more easie for them: A thing so destructive to the true Interest of his Crown, that it is a Miracle, how he could be pre­vailed on to accept of the Employment; much more how he should be able to prevail with his Subjects to assist him in it. Whatever he pretended of the Stubbornness or Vngovernableness of the People of these Nations, it certainly argued a very Passive and Submissive Temper in them, to give Money so libe­rally, and to Fight so fiercely as they did, to destroy themselves and their Fellow-Protestants; to make sport for their common Adversaries, and serve the Interests of their most inveterate and most dangerous Enemy, the French King.

Secondly, The Design was Vniversal, and aimed at the destruction and enslaving all the Kingdoms and States of Europe; no Distinction of Protestant or Papist, Enemy or Ally, All were equally devoted to Destruction in it.

The Duke of Lorrain was actually turned out of his Dukedom; the Prince of Orange (His Present Majesty) was deprived of his Principality of Orange; the Empire was partly to be given up to the Turk, and the remaining Princes were to apply themselves to France for Protection, and to chuse his Son King of the Romans; the Dukedom of Savoy was to be brought in, under the Notion of Pupillage; the Prin­ces of Italy were frightned, bought, or wheedled out of their strong Holds, and the Keys of their Country (such were Cassal and Guastale) put into French hands: Scicily was perswaded to Rebel, and solli­cited to serve the Spaniard, as they had done the French before in the famous Vespers; Genoa was to be bombed, England bought, and Holland drowned▪ Spain had a barren Queen (designedly made so (as [Page 11] many believe) put upon him, that his Crown might fall to France by Succession; the Northern King­doms, whose Cold and Distance secured them from immediate Attempts, were yet taken off from assist­ing their Neighbours, and brought into something worse than a Neutrality. The great Contrivers and Managers of these, were the French King, the Great Turk, and I need not name the Third, in Triumvirate. 'Tis too much, that we groan yet under the Mischie­vous effects of their Conspiracy, which has been no less pernicious to all Europe, than that of Anthony, Lepidus and Augustus, was to the Roman Common-Wealth. There is no doubt but all these have been designed, attempted, and almost brought to Perfe­ction within these Twenty Years, by strength of this Confederacy· And there is not one Prince or State in all Europe, that has not been concerned in the fatal effects thereof.

But 3dly, This Design was levelled more imme­diately at the Destruction of the Protestants of Eu­rope; the Extirpation of the Pestilent Northern Heresy has been long known to be the principal Article in it, and was probably the Pretence and Bait, that in­duced His late Majesty to espouse it. He was not fonder of being obeyed without Reserve, than of pro­pagating his Religion; and perhaps he chiefly desired an Absolute Authority over his Subjects, that he might compel them to come into the Bosom of his Church. What business had he with a standing Army, or nu­merous Troops of Dragoons, but to employ them as Missionaries, to Convert his Heretical Subjects? The Example of France had taught him their use; and that Dragooning was a much more effectual way to Reconcile Men, than Sermons or Arguments. In short, by this Conspiracy, the Protestants of France are already destroyed; those of Savoy turned out [Page 12] of their Country; those of Holland have been inva­ded, and forced to cover themselves with their Wa­ters; and as for us in Ireland, I need not tell you how we have been used, the least hint is sufficient to refresh your Memories, and the Danger we have escaped, is yet so near, that it supersedes all Neces­sity of a Description. It has been said of some, that when they have been shewed the next morn­ing the Danger they escaped in the night, they have dyed with Apprehension. I am sure no Precipice can have a more dreadful prospect to those that have escaped it, than our Danger ought to have, and will have to all that duly consider, and look back on it. But God has Redeemed and Saved us out of our Enemy's hands; He has brought us back into our own Land, and we are now before him this day, to magnifie him for our Deliverance. Let us therefore join in that which is the Chorus of this Psalm, O that Men would praise the Lord for his Goodness, and declare the Wonders he doth for the Children of Men.

But 4thly. This Conspiracy had a peculiar respect to the Free States of Europe: 'Twas about the time of the entring into this League that famous Saying was applied to Holland, Delenda est Carthago; it was pretended to be of ill consequence to Princes and Crowned Heads, to let a Common-Wealth be their Neighbour, lest the sight and example of Liberty might influence their People, they combined there­fore to destroy them, that the Slaves of France might not understand, that there was a milder Government in the World, than the Tyranny of their Master. If His present Majesty could have been prevailed on, to come into the Confederacy, he needed not have ventured his Life to rescue England, and merited a Crown by such hazardous [Page 13] Undertakings. He might have been a KING out of hand in his own Country, and secured of his Suc­cession to the English Throne; but he scorned Crowns of Lewis's giving, much more one that he could not take without injuring his Country, the Liberty of which is due to his Ancestors, and the Preservation of it to Himself. But when they could not corrupt, they resolved to destroy him, and that more particularly, because they look'd on him as the Patron and Defender of the Liberty of Europe ▪ to which they on all occasions declared their Enmity. 'Tis not imaginable, with what Passion and Zeal their whole Party here, used to enlarge on the Praises of an Absolute Government▪ how impatient they were to hear any one name to them, the Laws, the Liberty of the Subjects, or a Common-wealth. No, the King's Will was the only Law they could endure to hear of; and they mightily admired and praised the submissive Temper of the Mahometans, that coun­ted themselves happy to be under a Power which, when it pleased, might present them with a Bow-String. They did not mince the Matter, but on­ly professed, That they designed to free the King from the Chains of the Laws, and the Pupillage of Parliaments: Or, as the Irish Proposals I mentioned before, word it, Make his Monarchy absolute and real. The very Terms of the League, according to Abbot Primi, were to secure to the King an absolute Authority over his Parliament, and the Re-establishment of the Roman-Catholick Religion in the Three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland.

But, 5thly. This Confederacy, or rather Conspira­cy, had a peculiar relation to Ireland. The great Body and Magazine of Men, whose Hands were to perform this Work in these Kingdoms, were to be raised out of Ireland; the Irish Proposals I have so [Page 14] often mentioned, promise 150000, part of them were to be the King's immediate Guards, part of them the standing Army of England, and all of them the Instruments of our Slavery. In order to make them considerable, and to hire them to do their Work cheerfully, Ireland was to be separated from the Crown of England, and made independent on it; The English Interest in it was to be destroyed, and the Protestants, under the Notion of Whigs, Fa­naticks, Cromwelians, roo [...]ed out of it. How near these things were to taking effect, you can all wit­ness. They were not only designed and attempted, but actually, for the most part, executed upon us; our Estates were taken away, and this Kingdom cut off from England, by Acts past in their late pretended PARLIAMENT; our Houses were filled with Souldiers and Dragoons, our Churches possessed by Romish Priests, our Persons shut up in Prisons, and our Religious Assemblies interdicted. Our Friends and Relations, our Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy, driven for the most part out of the Kingdom, attainted for Life and Estates, and an Army ready to be transported into England, if God had not put a stop to their Designs, and confounded their Devices. 'Tis by His mercy we are redeemed from the Lands, from the North and from the South, and therefore let us give Thanks unto Him, and Praise Him.

You see then the Extent of this Design, that it took in all the Princes and States of Europe, that it struck at our Estates, our Liberty, our Lives, and above all, at our Religion; that it was carryed on by many and powerful hands, and by the most se­cret and efficacious Methods; And who else could defeat such a Contrivance, or put a stop to it, but the same God that bounds the Sea with a Heap of Dust, [Page 15] and says to the Waves thereof, hither shall you come, and no farther.

III. Which is a proper Introduction to my third Head, The Miraculous Concurrence of Providences for our Deliverance, in breaking this Design so deeply laid, and vigorously prosecuted. These were so many, and so remarkable, that I doubt whether ever any Revo­lution was accompanied with a Chain of such strange and unaccountable Accidents, I shall men­tion only a few, that every body must have observed, and leave you to judge, whether the Finger of God must not be acknowledg'd in them.

First therefore, it was strangely unaccountable, that the Pope, who seemed to have a great Stake and Interest in this Design, and as one would ima­gine, was most deeply concerned in the Success of it, should upon a trifle, break with the French King, and not only desert his Party, but most cordially espouse the opposite side: And that the King of France, who never before struck at any thing when Interest was in the case, upon the Worlds counting it base or wicked, should refuse his Ghostly Father common Justice in Matters of so little moment, as the Re­gale and Franchises. It is plain, that the Pope has Right on his side on both these, and that the French King was not much concerned, either in Pro­fit or Honour to defend them: The Regale being a new Usurpation, and the Franchises an ancient Nu­sance: Yet so obstinate have both sides proved in the Contest, that we hope 'tis become irreconcilable. Now if this had not happened, the Counter-League of the Princes of Europe to the French Conspiracy, could hardly have been entred into or continued▪ 'Tis this takes off the Odium from the Emperor [...]nd King of Spain, of assisting His present Majesty to redeem England, and deprives the French King of [Page 16] the Advantages he proposed to himself, by decla­ring this a War of Religion: It being ridiculous to pretend a Holy War against the Father and Head of his Church. This aversion of the Pope to the French designs is, an Obstacle in the way, that neither Lewis nor James, can yet get over, tho' the one begs hard, and the other offers fair to remove it: Having proffered the Pope all that he desired at first, and to oblige the French Clergy to own his Infallibility into the bargain.

Thus God shews, that the Hearts of Kings are in his Hands; that he can make them stoop, and do mean things, when it will do them no good; and obstinate, when yielding would be serviceable to them. It cannot but be esteemed a further Providence, that two Popes should succeed one another of the same humour, (which is not com­mon) and should persevere in the same Enmity to France.

But 2dly. It must be owned as a signal piece of Providence in God, to have raised up a man en­dued with the Courage, Closeness, and Activity of his present Majesty; who durst attempt so strange and (in human probability) such an impractical thing as our Deliverance. 'Tis a rare thing in the World, that one man should have the Dexterity to Engage, and the Wisdom to Manage so many Diffe­rent Interests into a Confederacy, and argues a par­ticular Providence.

3. It was another piece of Divine Ordering, that His Majesty should be so particularly interessed and engaged to undertake this Work, before it was too late, and our Destruction unavoidable. If we had gone on a few years in the course, in which we were, in all probability our Condition would have become altogether desperate. But the eagerness [Page 17] of the Conspirators to cut off Their present Ma­jesties from all hopes of Succession to the Crown, made them introduce a Prince of Wales, two or three years sooner than they were ready for him. They knew very well when he appeared, the Persons con­cerned would be provoked to the height, and that then, if ever, Their present Majesties must appear for their Right, and the Kingdom, for their Delive­rance, against which They were not as yet prepa­red: For they had not yet sufficiently trained the Irish, nor filled the Army in England with Papists, for want of which they were not able to make any Resistance against the Prince of Orange, having awakened him, before they were prepared for him, and necessitated him to make his Descent into Eng­land, whilst the Arms were still for the most part in the Protestants Hands, and the Papists in no capa­city to awe them.

4thly. The very pretended Birth of the Prince of Wales was so ill managed, that it was not so much as a well-contrived Cheat. The very Papists com­plained of it, and that publickly in print. There was published here, (amongst many others under the late Government) a virulent Paper against His present Majesty, entituled, England's Crysis, or the World well amended. To give it the greater Credit the Author pretends to be a Protestant, and the Evidence of Truth forced from him this following passage. One Reason of his (the Prince of Orange's) Expedition had at least a shew of Justice in the Quarrel, I mean the business of the Prince of Wales, which I can­not but confess, some People managed, as if they designed either that we should not believe at all, or if we did, our Belief should be as implicit as to Successions, and Inheri­tances here, as that of the Romanist is in his expecta­tion of Inheriting the Kingdom of Heaven hereafter. [Page 18] This it is true, they imputed to the Treachery of Councellors and Managers: But when their Zealots writ, and King James permitted such Accounts of that matter to be published, 'tis a sign the business needed an Apology; and that by God's just Judgment on them, their usual Dexterity failed them in it.

5thly. It was a Peculiar Providence in this Affair, that King James did not adhere determinately to any Counsels or Counsellors, but did things irresolutely, and by halves. I find Papists in their Letters to him complaining of this, and cautioning him against it. One entreats him, for Gods sake not to listen to Trimming Counsellors, whose Aversion to his Religion, and cunning design of spinning out his Life with their Pian Piano, put them upon urging to him, that great Alterations are dangerous, when carried otherwise than by slow and imperceptible degrees. The same tells him, That nothing causes Irresolution more than a Medley of Councellors of a Different Religion from their Prince. Yet King James could never free himself from this Medley: And that is the Reason that his Actions were never of a Piece, and that he commonly spoyled his Business by doing too much, and yet too little. Thus he ought either not to have brought any Irish or French into his Army. or made the whole entirely Papists; he ought either to have accepted the French King's Assistance and Fleet without Re­serve, or else broken with him altogether, and decla­red against him: But by hanging between both, he lost the Affections of his own Subjects, which might have supported him, and the Benefit of Forreign As­sistance. His doing and undoing things had the same effect; In wh [...]ch, and many other particulars, his not sticking entirely to one sort of Counsellors, was to us a great Providence.

[Page 19]I must reckon it as a Sixth, that the States of Holland should, without scruple, trust their All into His Majesty's Hand, and be content to run his Fortune: Which they plainly did in his Expedi­tion. We all know, that the United Netherlands are a Free People, most Jealous of their Liberty, and who have done and suffered more to main­tain it, than perhaps any Nation in the World. And as they are jealous of their Liberty, so they are close and wary, and not apt to venture too much at one stake. Now, that such a People should commit the Absolute Disposal of their Navy, their Armies, and their Money, the very Si­news of their State, to one man, and venture all in the same Bottom with him, was an unbounded Trust and Kindness, as His Majesty himself is said to have expressed it to them. They trusted not only Him, but the Winds and Seas for his sake: And tho' they had such entire Confidence in his Conduct and Faith, as not to ask him what he designed; yet the Hazard of a Winter Voyage, where the whole of their State was at once ex­posed to the mercy of a Tempest, was sufficient to have s [...]umbled them, had not the same God that inclined the Hearts of Israel, as of one man, towards David, knit their Hearts to him, and made them tender of his Life and Person, where they, without Hesitation, ventured their State.

7thly. It must be owned as an Effect of the same Providence, that King James's Court and Mi­nisters was so blinded, that they could not see into His present Majesty's Designs, and so secure, that they would not give credit to the many Ad­vices given them of these Preparations; of which we can give no other account than that of Job, Chap. 5.13. He taketh the Wise in their own craf­tiness, [Page 20] and the Councel of the Froward is carryed head­long; They meet with Darkness in the Day, and grope in the Noon-day, as in the Night.

8thly. I shall only mention King James's Deserting his Army in England, on which if he had absolute­ly cast Himself, and depended on their Fidelity, it is certain, by what has happened since, that a great part of them would have stood by him. There were enow to make a Vigorous Opposition, who were willing to run his Fortune, if God had not En­feebled their Courage, and put fear in their Hearts. It was this opened the way to one of the greatest Revolutions that ever happened in that Kingdom, almost without a Drop of Blood. Which must be owned as a singular Providence.

9thly. It was an over-reaching Act of Providence to make that the Key to open a Way for our Set­tlement, which was projected by our Enemies, as the certain means to Embroil us for ever. I sup­pose no body doubts, but those who advised King James to Desert the Kingdom, believe that we could never come to a Settlement without him; and yet the Event proved directly contrary to their Expe­ctation: For his Presence in all probability had been such a Rub to our Settlement, that it had not been easie to get over it. It was indeed strange we should come to a Resolution so soon, especially where the Weight of the Matter was so great, and the Opinions of Men so divided, that in the near equa­lity of Voices, the Wisest could not foresee how it would end, till Heaven it self determined it. For what else could have brought such different Interests and Judgments, to acquiesce in the Con­clusion.

Neither in the 10th. Place must we imagine, that that strange and absurd Division of Protestants in En­gland, [Page 21] into Jacobites and Williamites, happened with­out a Providence. Whatever Sense some may have of it in other respects, we of this Kingdom, must own it as a great and signal Mercy. King James and his Adherents here, reckoned upon a strong and numerous Party in England; and were afraid, if they had utterly destroyed us, that they should have lost them; and therefore in many cases were oblig'd to bear an easier hand towards us, than otherwise they would have done. And whatever Favour or For­bearance we received from them, it was intirely due to this Consideration. This was the Use God made of this Faction, and now it has served his Purpose, I hope he will extinguish it.

11thly. God in his Providence so order'd it, that King James found an unexpected Diversion in Ire­land, that employed all his Forces till things were settled in England; and till his Present Majesty had leisure to break the Enemies Power in Scotland; and prepare for the Conquest of Ireland. Had King James on his Landing in Ireland, found no Opposi­tion in it, but been intirely at Liberty to join his Forces with that Party that appeared for him in our Neighbouring Kingdom, every one is sensible, how fatal the Event might have proved: Not only to En­gland, but also to the Liberty of all Europe. But it pleased God to find him Work here by an unexpe­cted Opposition, which not only imployed, but ruined his best Men; and lost him such an Opportunity, as never could again be expected. If we consider the Places and Persons that made this Opposition, it is a Miracle that they should undertake, much more that they should succeed in it. And it looks as if God Almighty in his Providence had raised them up for that Juncture, and inspired them with Resoluti­on, in an extraordinary Manner, to shew his [Page 22] Power in their weakness, and his Care of us, in the Seasonableness of their Undertaking. Our Enemies were very sensible of the Unluckiness of this Ac­cident, as they called it, and curst Derry and Enis­killin as the Occasion of the Ruin of their Affairs.

12thly. It was certainly a great Providence to us, that his Majesty in Person should undertake the Re­duction of Ireland, at a time, and in such Circum­stances, that King James, and his Party judged it impossible: And promised themselves that they had made him such Work at home, that he should rather fear an Invasion from Ireland, than think of an Ex­pedition into it. But the Providence of God, by his single Courage and Resolution, broke all their Measures, and put them out of those Methods, which they imagined so well concerted, that it must be impossible to defeat them.

13thly. Can it be ascribed to any thing else than a singular Providence, that they should mistake them­selves, and disregard the Advices, or rather (as they themselves used to call them) their Orders from France, so, as to put themselves to the hazard of a Battle, when delay was so much their Interest whatever it cost them, and so easie to them, had they not been infatuated?

14thly. It was no less an Over-ruling Providence, that an Army so well Trained, Disciplined, and Armed; and so advantageously posted, should make so little Opposition. The Advantage of their Post by all Intelligent men, was reckoned above three to one; and it had been impossible to beat them from it, had not the God of Battles enfeebled their hearts, and animated his Majesty to an Attempt, that seems next in strangeness to that of Jonathans on the Philistines: And which perhaps, only his Majesty of all Men living, would have attempted.

[Page 23]15thly. Add to this, the strange Panick Fear that seized the Vanquished. Tho' their Troops were for the most part untouched, and a very few fallen; yet such Dread and Terror possessed them, as did formerly the Syrians at Samaria, and they fled where no man pursued them. King James did not stop till he got out of the Kingdom, and his Army fled as far as the Sea would let them; had they had ships, they would have gone all together.

16thly. I must remark it further as a peculiar Pro­vidence, that his Majesties Victory happened at such a Critical Time, that the Peace of England, nay per­haps the Fate of Europe, depended on it, Had it but been delayed one Week, no body knows what would have been the Consequence.

17thly, The saving of this City of Dublin from so often threatned, and (as both we, and the gene­rality of our Enemies believed,) resolved Destructi­on, is another piece of Divine Goodness: And with­al so strange, that we can yet give no Account of it, or so much as guess at what altered their Resolution. I need only mention this to most of my Hearers, to fill their hearts with Admiration, and open their Mouths with Thansgiving to God, for the Miracles of his Mercies.

18thly. And yet there is still behind a greater Mi­racle and Mercy than this, and which we can hardly think on without Terror, and that was, the Mira­culous Preservation of his Majesties Person in the Bat­tle: To whom we may apply what David affirms of himself, there is but a step between me and Death; our danger came nearer, even within a hairs breadth. If there were no dangers & difficulties in Life, we should not be sensible of particular Providences: But one such escape as this, awakens the Sense of Religion, [Page 24] and of Gods Power, more in our Hearts, than many years of even and un-interrupted Happiness. We must acknowledge that all our Lives in him, were at the Mercy of that one Bullet: And 'twas surely the God of Battles in his unspeakable Mercy and Pro­vidence preserved us. If Thousands of us had dyed, the Enemy would not have cared for us: And not­withstanding they lost the Battle, yet they would have counted it a Victory, and their loss sufficient­ly Ballanced by the single Life of his present Ma­jesty. 'Tis certain they would willingly have given their Army for it. And this alone is sufficient to teach us how to value it, and what thanks we owe to God for preserving it.

In short, we had not, neither have we yet in our utmost view, another chance to save us, our Liberties, Estates or Religion, but this one, of His Majesties coming to the rescue of these Kingdoms: And his undertaking it has been carried on by such a miraculous Chain of Providences, that we must ac­knowledge, it is by the Grace of God, that William and Mary are now our King and Queen. Perhaps they have more visible reasons to put that in their Titles, than any Princes in Christendom.

Let us therefore own the whole of our Deliverance to be a work of God, and ascribe it intirely to him, without assuming any part of it to our selves. God in his Providence has so ordered the matter, that we, in this place, have had no hand in it, or pre­tence to it. And as for others, it plainly appears not to be so much a work of man, or carried on by humane means, as by the over-ruling Providence of God. 'Twas manifestly God, rather than the Peo­ple, set our King and Queen on the Throne. The People Obstructed it as much as they could, by their Divisions; the Nobles Opposed it; the Mighty [Page 25] stood up to hinder it; the Nations Combined against it; but God had them in Derision, and not only de­livered their Majesties from the Striving of the peo­ple, but also made them their Head. 'Tis He, the most High, that Ruleth in the Kingdom of Men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. 'Tis He raised up King William to be a Deliverer to us. And to sum up all. 'Tis He that delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: In whom we Trust that▪ he will yet deliver us. And therefore to him be the sole glory of it.

And now, that God has so signally appeared for us, let us (which was the Second General Head I proposed) Consider what Returns we are Obliged to make him.

First, Let us Remember that it was not for nothing that he Delivered us. He had Certainly a Peculiar design in saving us from the Hands of our Ene­mies, by so many and so Remarkable Providences, even that we might serve him without fear. Let us therefore Employ those Lives, Liberties, Estates and Churches to his service, that he has preserved for us, and restored to us. Let us avoid those provo­cations that induced him to bring such Heavy Judg­ments upon us; and let us Remember, how Easy it is for him to bring us to a condition much worse, than that from whence he delivered us; and as­sure our selves, that if instead of serving him, we serve his Enemies the Devil, and our Lusts, he will make his Providence as signal in our future pu­nishment, as it has been in our present Deliverance. It were Easy to point out the sins that provoked God, and Occasioned our late Sufferings, and the same causes will always have the same Effects.

2dly. Let us own God's goodness to us in our late Sufferings, how in the midst of his anger, he re­membred [Page 26] Mercy; how he made our Sufferings ea­sier to us than we expected, and relieved us sooner than we could have reasonably imagined; he con­tinued us amongst the living, when we expected Death; He gave us Hearts to bear up under our Pressures, and made us Unanimous and kind to one another; He pr [...]served us from Famine and Pesti­lence, which we feared, and granted us, for the most part, Opportunity of Meeting together, to Wor­ship him; and in many things rather afforded our Enemies an occasion of shewing their Malice, and wicked Intentions against us, than of Executing them. So that we must acknowledge with the Psalmist ▪ That the Lord has Chastned, and Corrected us, but hath not given us over unto Death.

3dly. Let us be thankful to God for our Deli­verers, and thankful to them for the great Pains they have taken, and the great Dangers they have run to effect it. This is in a manner all we can return them at present, for all the Pains and Costs they have been at for us▪ and for all the Genero­sity they have shewed towards us: Our Enemies having disabled us in a great Measure, either to help our selves, or make any Retribution to them. However, what we can do, let us do cheerfully. And let us return at least our hearty acknowledgments and Prayers to God for them: Especially for their Majesties, whose Parts have been so signal in it, that they revive in our Minds the Memories of the An­cient Heroes, the Kings of England; the Edwards, Henries, and (of Queens) the fam'd Elizabeth, that made us safe at home, and dreadful to our Neigh­bours. If we consider what we have seen the King do in Ireland, and what part her Majesty in the mean time acted in England; it must be our own faults if we are not a happy People under such Princes, [Page 27] and we must be very ungrateful both to God and Them, if we are not sensible of his Goodness in blessing us with such Governors; either of which seems capable of Governing much larger Territories, than they yet possess. And I hope as they are Enti­tled to them, so in time they will acquire them.

4thly. Let us spare no pains nor costs to perfect this happy Work of our Deliverance: And let us re­member that if this had not happened, we must have lost our Estates and Liberty, and perhaps together with them, our Lives. Who would not within these last Three Years have given one half of his Estate to save the other? And then what great matter if we give half of our In-comes for some Years, to En­able Their Majesties to secure the whole to us, since whatever it cost us, 'tis but restoring part of what we have saved, or had Restored by their Means.

5thly. Let us not grudge or murmur at the Hard­ships, or Difficulties, with which we may be ob­liged to struggle for a few Years. No great Cure was ever perfected without putting the Patient to some pain; and then why should we expect it? Those that saw not what we suffered under the Late Go­vernment, may think some things hard at present. But I observe that the People of this Kingdom, that seem to have the greatest Cause to complain, are best satisfied: Which gives us reason to suspect, that if any complain, 'tis rather from their dissatisfaction with the present Government, than their Particu­lar Uneasiness. And I am afraid some among us are become like the Roman Common-Wealth in the Time of Sylla, which as the Historian observes, could neither indure its Wounds nor its Remedy: 'Tis want of Experience in the World for any one to Expect, that such a great Revolution should be brought a­bout, without Exposing many to Hardships and [Page 28] Difficulties. But he that has Patience shall see the end of his Hope.

Lastly, Let us lay aside all Animosities amongst our selves, and all Virulency against our Enemies. Let us be Charitable to the Distressed and mindful of those that have not yet obtained their Share in this Deliverance; Let us perform our Vows and Engage­ments to God, which we made in our Distress; Let us lay aside self-Interest, and set our selves to lay the Foundations of a solid Peace, in Piety and Justice. That the God of Peace may delight to bless us and our Governours; and grant us an intire Victory over our Enemies, a Happy Union and Agreement amongst our selves, and Minister unto us many more occasions of Thanksgiving.


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