By John Jewel, sometimes Bishop of Sarisbury.

LONDON, Printed by T. Cotes. 1641.



IF thy heart hath not made a Co­venant with Ignorance, or not growne obstinate, through peevish willfullnesse, reade, peruse, and digest these ensue­ing lines, dropt from the lear­ned and judicious quill of this most pious and renow­ned Author; whose well knowne worth and singu­lar wisedome may challenge (if not, command) your faire acceptance: He appeares not, here, like Da­vid, ruining the Philistime; but like our Sa­viour, reproving the Pharisees; reserving his downeright blowes for stronger Enemies, and more discovering the folly of his Foe, then the smartnesse of his scourge; whose sudden pen (not guilty of any thing that is not pretious) carries with it the Aspect, [Page] rather, of an ingenious haste, than a studyed Con­futation: Which, neverthelesse, upon mature de­liberation, if it convince not the erronious fancy, and rectifies not the weake Judgement of unwilling ig­norance, his Pearles are lost, till found by such as have the knowledge how to prize them.


Certaine frivolous Objecti­ons against the Government of the Church of England, answered by John Jewel, Bishop of Sarisbury.

The First Reason of the Novellists.

God so loved the Church, that He left a perfect patterne order­ly,Novitiorum prima ratio. Ephes. 4.

But here is named neither Pope, nor Archbishop, nor Arch­deacon.

Bishop Jewels answer.

HOW know you that the fourth Chapter ad Ephes. is a perfect patterne of Ecclesiasti­call Governement? We have, now, neither Apostles, nor Evangelists, nor Prophets, yet are they the chiefe in that patterne: Neither have we there, either Bishop, or Presbyter, or Diaconus, or Cate­chista, or Lecto [...]; and yet are these necessary parts in Ecclesiasticall Government; Therefore this Patterne is not perfect, to hold for ever; Neither, were there, then, any publique Churches, or Pulpits, or Schooles, or Vniversities, &c.

Saint Paul nameth neither Pope, nor Arch-bishop, I grant: and the Church is not governed by names, but by Offices. Every, Bishop, then was called Papa: And [Page] Anacletus, that was next after Peter, (if there be any weight in his words) nameth Archbishops.

The Second Reason.

Secunda ratioThe Synagogue of the Jewes, was a figure of the Church of Christ, and God to the perfection of that Church omitted no­thing.

Bishop Jewels Answer.

I See not what you would conclude: Perhaps you will say, they had not the names of Pope, or Arch-Bishop: So had they not this name Episcopus in all Mo­ses Law: yet were not all Priests of like aunciency in governement. They had other names that were equi­valent with Archbishops; as Principes Synagogae, Prin­cipes Sanctuarii, Principes familiarum Leviticarum, Prin­cipes familiarum Sacerdotalium, Principes Sacerdotum, Principes domus Dei, Pontifex, Summus Pontifex, Summus Sacerdos. Therefore the negative reason is but weake.

Againe, whereas it is said, that to the perfection of the Synagogue, there wanted nothing: it may be an­swered, that to the perfection thereof, there wanted many things, as it is knowne and confessed. And as the Synagogue had not the names of Pope & Arch Bi­shop; so had it not the name of Apostle, or Evangelist.

The Third Reason.

Tertia ratio.Where the substance of any thing is most perfit, there the ac­cidents be most perfit: But the substance of true Religion was most perfit in the Primative Church, and yet there was then no Arch Bishop. Ergo.

Bishop Jewels Answere.

FIrst, this Maxime is not proved, for it may well be doubted whether the most perfit substance hath e­vermore most perfit accidents, And againe, the sub­stance of Religion is the same now, that it was then: The difference, (if any be) standeth in the accidents, and not in substance.

In the Primitive Church, God raysed up Apostles and Prophets, and gave them power extraordinarie, as the gift of tongues, the gift of healing, the gift of go­vernement, &c. In place whereof, he hath now given Vniversities, Schooles, Bishops, Archbishops, &c.

But you may say, There was then no Archbishop; So may you say, that before King Saul, there was no King in Israel: So may you say, that before of late times, there was neither Duke, nor Earle in England: so may you say, that in the Primitive Church, there was neither Deane, nor Person, nor Prebendary; And yet now, both in Ecclesiasticall and civill governe­ment, all these are thought necessary.

Last of all, where you say, there was no Archbishop in the Primative Church, it is written by many, that Saint Paul made Titus Archbishop of Creta; Erasm. in argument, e­pist ad Titum Erasmus faith, Paulus Titum Archicpiscopum Cretae consecravit: And Lyra likewise saith, Paulus instituit Titum Archi­episcopum Cretensium. If these Authorities like you not, Chrysostome saith, Chrisost. in 1. cap. Tit. Paulus Tito multorum Episcoporum ju­dicium commisit: Now having the Government of ma­ny Bishops, what may we call him but an Archbishop?

The Fourth Reason.

The Ecclesiasticall and Civill governement may not be con­founded, or be together in one person: But to be a Cheife, or a Ruler, is a civill power, Ergo, it cannot be exercised by any Ecclesiasticall person.

Bishop Jewels Answer.

BOth these governements were confounded in Mo­ses: Therefore, they may be confounded. And the Priests of Israel had the Judgement and governement of the people. And Saint Augustine was troubled with hearing, and determining of Causes: as appeareth by Possidonius.

And where you say, to be a Chiefe, or a Ruler, is a Civill governement: nay in Ecclesiasticall causes, it is Ecclesiasticall governement, and not civill: And these differences of governement may not so unadvi­sedly be confounded: This is the key of Ecclesiasti­call correction, and belongeth onely to the Ecclesiasti­call Officer, and to none other. Hereof Saint Paul saith Seniorem ne corripueris nisi sub, &c. Tradidi illum satanae, &c. This jurisdiction is not civill, but ecclesiasticall and therefore may be exercised by any ecclesiasticall person.

I beseech you take these sudden answers in good part. As for these reasons; in my Judgement, they are not made to build up,Pro. 22. and they are too weake to pull downe. Stultitia nata est in corde pueri & virgadis­ciplinae fugabit illam. It is but wantonnesse; correction will helpe it.


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