IUDGE IENKINS REMONSTRANCE To the Lords and Commons of the two Houses of Parliament, At WESTMINSTER, the 21. of Fe­bruary, 1647.

By DAVID IENKINS, Prisoner in Newgate.

Printed in the Yeere, 1647.

Judge Jenkins Remonstrance, &c.

I Desire that the Lords and Com­mons of the two Houses, would be pleased to remem­ber, and that all the good people of England doe take notice of an Order of the house of Commons this Session, for publishing the Lord Cookes bookes, which Order they may finde printed in the last leafe of the second part of his Institutes, in these words, (viz.)

Upon debate this day in the Commons House of Parliament, the said house did then desire and held it fit that the Heire of Sir Edward Cooke should publish in print the Commentary upon Magna Charta, the Pleas of the Crowne, and the jurisdiction of Courts, according to the intention of the said Sir Edward Cooke; and that none but the Heire of the said Sir Edward Cooke, or he that shall be authorized by him, doe presume to pub­lish in print any of the foresaid bookes, or any coppy thereof.

H. Elsynge Cler. Dom. Com.

[Page 4] And I doe further desire them that they would read and peruse Mr. Sollicitor Saint-Iohn, and Mr. Iohn Pym, their bookes, published likewise this Session, whose ti­tles are as followeth, (viz)

  • An Argument of Law concerning the Bill of Attainder of High Treason of Thomas Earle of Strafford.
    At a conference in a Committee of both Houses of Parliament.
    By Mr. Saint-Iohn His Majesties Sollicitor Generall.
    Published by Order of the Commons house.
    Printed by G. M. for Jo. Bartlet, at the signe of the guilt Cup, neer St. Austins gate in Pauls Church-yard, 1641.
  • And the Speech or Declaration of John Pym Esquire, After the recapitulation or summing up of the charge of High Treason, against Thomas Earle of Strafford, 12 Aprill, 1641.
    Published by the Order of the Commons House.
    LONDON, Printed, for John Bartlet, 1641.

1. NOthing is delivered for Law in my bookes, but what the House of Commons have avowed to be Law in bookes of Law, published by their com­mand this Sessi [...]n, and agreeable to the bookes of Law, and Statutes of this Realme, in all former times and ages.

[Page 5] 2. The supposed offence charged on me, is a­gainst the two Houses; and none ought to be Judges and parties, by the Law of this Land, in their own case.

3. I desire the benefit of Magna Charta, the Petiti­on of Right, and other good Lawes of this Land, which ordaine that all mens tryalls should be by the established Lawes, and not otherwise: They are the very words of the petition of Right.

An Ordinance of both Houses is no Law of the Land by their owne confession; [...] Part col. of Ordinances, fol. 7 [...]8. 2. Part instit. fol. 47 48. 157 647. 4. Part instit. 23. 232. 298. 4. H. 7. 18. and by the bookes of the Lord Cooke, published by their Order as aforesaid this Session in six severall places.

For Sedition, in my bookes there is none, but such as they have authorised this Session, to be published, and printed: To publish the Law is no sedition: These Positions following I doe set downe for the Law of the Land in my bookes, and they themselves have justi­fied, and avowed them as aforesaid, we agree the Law to be, and to have been in all times in all the particulars following, as here ensueth.

1. To imprison the King is High Treason. 3. Part instit. pag. 12.

2. To remoove Counsellours from the King by force is High Treason. Mr. Sollicitor. pag. 12. 3. part instit. pag. 9. Mr. Pym, pag 28. 3. Part instit. 3. 10. 12 16. 3. Parts instit. pag 9.

3. To alter the establisht Lawes in any part by force is High Treason.

4. To usurpe the Royall power is high Treason.

5. To alter the Religion established is high Treason.

6. To raise rumours and give out words to alienate [...]he peoples affections from the King, is high treason. Mr. Sollicitor. pag. 30. 31. 36.

7. To sesse Souldiers upon the people of the Kingdome without their consent, is high treason. Mr. Sollicitor. pag. 9.

8.Mr. Sollicitor. pag. 9. The execution of paper orders by Souldiers in a mi­litary [Page 6] way,Mr. Soliciter. pag. 24. 4. part. instit. p. 125. Iustice Huttons argument, fol. 39, 40.is high treason.

9. To counterfeit the great Seale, is high treason.

10. The Commission of Array is in force, and none other.

11. None can make Iudges, 4. part Instit.Iustices, Sheriffes, &c. but the King: The King makes every Court.

12.2. part instit. arti­cul. super char­ta [...] cap. 5. The great Seale belongs to the Kings custody, or to whom he shall appoint, and none other.

13.1. part. Coll. of Ordin. and Cool [...] ut supra. Ordinances of one or both Houses are no lawes to bind the people.

14.4 part instit. 25. No Priviledge of Parliament holds for treason, felony, or breach of the peace, not for twenty Parliament men, forty, nor three hundred.

15.M. Soliciter. pag. 8. 70. M. Soliciter pag. 12. 27. To subvert the fundamental Laws, is high treason.

16. To levey warre against the person of the King, is high treason.

17.M. Soliciter pag. 26. To perswade Forreiners to leavy war, within this Kingdome, is high treason.

18.M. Soliciter pag. 35. To impose unlawfull taxes, to impose new Oathes, i [...] high treason.

19:M. Pym pag. 8. The King can doe no wrong.

20.M. Pym pag. 17. It is a pernicious doctrine to teach subjects, they may be discharged from the Oath of Allegeiance. The what meanes the Doctrine of the Votes of both house of the 11. of Febr. 1647.

21.M. Pym pag. 24. A necessity of a mans owne making, doth not ex­cuse him. The requiring and forcing of the Militi [...] brought the necessity of arming upon the Houses.

22.3. part instit. pag. 9. None can leavy warre within this Realme, with out authority from the King for to him onely it belonge [...] to leavy warre, by the Common Law of the Land, to d [...] otherwise, is high treason, by the said Common Law. Th [...] [Page 7] onely quarrell was and is the Militia; for the which so much blood hath been spent and treasure.

At whose dore doth the sinne lie.

23. No Parliament without the King, M. Soliciter 70. 71. 4. part instit. pag. 1. 3. 4. 4. part instit. 41. 356.he is Principium caput & finis.

24. Presentment or tryall by Iury, is the birthright of the Subject.

There is no doubt but that many in both Houses are free from this great sinne; and that most of the pre­vailing party, had at first no intentions to proceede so farre; but the madnesse of the people (who are very unstable, and so they will finde them) and the successe of their armes (having this great rich City to supply them, with all accommodations) have so elated them, that the evill is come to this height.

For my selfe, to put me to death in this cause, is the greatest honour I can possibly receive in this World: Dulce & Decorum est mori pro patria. And for a Lawyer and a Judge of the Law, to dye, Dum sanctis patriae le­gibus obsequitur; for obedience to the Lawes; will be deemed by the good men of this time, a sweet smelling sacrifice; and by this, and future times, that I dyed full of yeares, and had an honest and an honorable end: And posterity will take knowledge of these men, who put some to death for subverting of the Lawes, and o­thers for supporting of them, &c.

Yet Mercy is above all the workes of God, Bracton. lib. 3. cap. 9. pag. 107. 4. part instit. 342. 343. Stanford. 99. The King is Gods Vicar on earth. In Bracton, who was a Judge in Hen. 3. time, you shall finde the Kings Oath; To shew mercy, is part of it: You are all his children; say, and doe what you will, you are all his Subjects: and He is your King, and Parent: Pro magno peccato [Page 8] paululum supplicii satis est patri: and therefore let not the prevailing party be obdurate, out of a desperation of safety: That which is past is not revocable; tak [...] to your thoughts, your parents, your wives, your chil­dren, your friends, your fortunes, your countrey▪ wherein forreigners write there is mira aeris suavitat & rerum omnium abundantia: invite them not hither, the onely way to be free of their company will be, [...] restore his Majesty, and receive from him an act of Obli­vion, a generall Pardon, assurance for the arreares of the Souldiery, and meete satisfaction to tender consciences.

God preserve the King and the Lawes.
Da. Ienkins Prisoner in Newgate.

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