‘TRINITAS IN VNITATE’

THE ROYAL CHARTER OF CONFIRMATION Granted by His most Excellent MAJESTY King JAMES II. TO THE TRINITY-HOUSE OF DEPTFORD-STROND; For the Government and Encrease of the Navigation of England, and the Re­lief of poor Mariners, their Widdows and Orphans, &c.

LONDON, Printed Anno, 1685.

THE Royal Charter OF CONFIRMATION Granted by His most Excellent Majesty King JAMES II. TO THE TRINITY-HOUSE OF DEPTFORD-STROND.

JAMES the Second, By the Grace of God, of England, Scot­land, France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c, To all to whom these Presents shall come, Greeting.Foundation of this Charter. Whereas our well beloved Leiges and Subjects, Shipmen and Mari­ners, of this our Realm of England, consi­sting [Page 2] of Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Guild or Fraternity of the most glo­rious and undividable Trinity, and of St. Clement in the Parish Church of Deptford Strond in our County of Kent, are, and have been of long time, a Cor­poration, and have enjoyed sundry Grants, Liberties, Priviledges, and Immunities, by force of divers Charters,Former Char­ters. and Letters Patents, heretofore made unto them by several Kings and Queens of this Realm. And Whereas the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, have humbly besought Us to Renew and Confirm their said Char­ters, and to Grant unto them such fur­ther Authorities and Priviledges,The Ends there­of. as well for the good government and increase of the Navigation of this Kingdom, as for the better ordering and establishing of the said Corporation, and the releif of the poor Mariners, their Widdows and Or­phans, as We in our Princely care should think meet.

Know ye therefore, that We taking [Page 3] the premisses into our Royal considerati­on, and well weighing how highly it im­ports the good state, and welfare of this our Realm, and of our good Subjects thereof, and the encrease of Navigation, that all disorders in the said Corporation should be redressed; And out of an earnest desire, that such good and decent orders may be established and practised in the said Corporation, as may most tend to those ends for which the said Corporation was first instituted, and to the promot­ing of the general good; Have of our Especial Grace, certain Knowledg, and meer Motion, Given, Granted, The Corporation confirmed. and Con­firmed, and by these Presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do Give, Grant, and Confirm unto our said trusty and well beloved Subjects, the Master, War­dens, and Assistants of the said Guild or Fraternity of the most glorious and undivi­dable Trinity, and of St. Clement in the Pa­rish Church of Deptford Strond in the said County of Kent; That they, from hence­forth be, and shall be called and accomp­ted [Page 4] one body Corporate and Politick indeed and in name, by the name of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Guild Fra­ternity or Brotherhood of the most glo­rious and undividable Trinity, and of St. Clement in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent.

Their Name.And them by the same name of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood of the most glorious and undivided Trinity, and of St. Clement in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent, We, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do erect, make, ordain, constitute, declare, and con­firm by these Presents one body Corporate and Politick indeed and in name.

And that by the said name of Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Guild, Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood of the most glo­rious and undivided Trinity, and of St. Cle­ment in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent, they shall from henceforth have perpetual Succession,Their Succession perpetual. [Page 5] and that they, and their Successors, by the same name, be, and shall be, at all times hereafter, a body Corporate and Politick, and Persons able, and capable, in Deed and in Law, not only to have, hold, occupy, possess, enjoy, and retain all and singular the Usuages, Customs, Liberties,Old Rights continued. Privi­ledges, Jurisdictions, Franchises, Prehemi­nences, Benefits, and Commodities what­soever, which they or their Predeces­sors, by the same, or any other name or names of like Corporation, have here­tofore had and enjoyed, or at this present do hold and enjoy: But also to have, hold, occupy, purchase, receive, possess,New allowed. enjoy, and retain any other Liberties, Priviledges, Jurisdictions, Franchises, Preheminences, Benefits, and Commodi­ties, of what kind, nature, or quality soever they shall be, to them and their Succes­sors for ever.

And also by the same name to have hold, purchase, receive, take, possess,To hold Lands, &c. and enjoy; And also to give, grant, demise, a­lien, [Page 6] assign, and dispose Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, and Goods, and Chattels, or any of them, and to do and execute all, and singular, other thing and things whatsoever.

To plead and be impleaded.And that they and their Successors by the same name may plead, and be implea­ded, answer and be answered, defend and be defended, in all or any whatsoever Court or Courts, Place or Places, Jurisdi­ction or Jurisdictions, and before whatso­ever Judge, Judges, and Justices, and other Persons and Officers, in all and singular A­ctions and Plaints, Pleas, Suits, Quarrels, Causes, and Demands whatsoever, of whatsoever kind, nature, quality, or sort, in such manner and form, and by all those ways and means, and to such end and pur­pose, as any other our Leige people of this our Realm of England, being persons able and capable in Deed or Law, may or can have, hold, purchase, receive, possess, en­joy, retain, give, grant, demise, alien, as­sign, and dispose, plead and be impleaded, [Page 7] answer and be answered, defend and be defended, or do permit and execute.

And that the said Master, Wardens, To have, break, and alter their common Seal. and Assistants and their Successors, or the grea­ter part of them (whereof the said Ma­ster for the time being to be always one) may make or cause to be made, and have for themselves a Common Seal, to serve for all the Causes, Business, and Occasions of them and their Successors in that Corpo­ration: And that it shall, and may be lawful, to and for the said Masters, War­dens, and Assistants, and their Successors, the same Seal to break again, and from time to time, at their will and pleasure, to alter, change, and make new, when and as often as to them, or the greater part of them (whereof the Master, or the Masters De­puty for the time being to be always one) shall seem convenient.

And further We will,To have a Ma­ster. and by these Pre­sents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do Ordain, That there shall be from hence­forth [Page 8] for ever, One of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, to be elected and appointed, in such form, as hereafter in these presents touching the same is ex­pressed, which shall be called the Master of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood for the time being.

Four Wardens.And that there shall be also from hence­forth for ever, Four of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (to be elected and appointed, in such form as hereafter in these presents touching the same is likewise expressed) which shall be called the War­dens of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood for the time Being.

Eight Assistants.And also that there shall be from henceforth for ever, Eight of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (to be elected and appointed in such form, as hereafter in these presents touching the same is also expressed) which shall be cal­led the Assistants of the said Guild, Frater­nity, or Brotherhood, for the time being.

And also there shall be from hence­forth for ever,Eighteen Elder Brethren. Eighteen (besides the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants for the time being) who are and shall be also Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (to be elected and appointed in such manner as hereaf­ter in these Presents touching the same is also expressed) which shall be called the Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Frater­nity, or Brotherhood, for the time being.

And also that there shall be from henceforth for ever, one Person, And a Clerk. who shall be called the Clerk of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood.

And for the better execution and ac­complishment of this our Will and Grant in that behalf, We have Assigned,Their first Ma­ster. nominated, constituted, and made, and by these Presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Suc­cessors, do assign, nominate, constitute, and make our trusty and well beloved Samuel Pepys Esquire, Secretary of our Ad­miralty [Page 10] of England, to be the first and present Master of the said Guild, Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood, to continue in the said Office by himself or his sufficient De­puty, His Deputy and how chosen. (the said Deputy to be always Elect­ed, Chosen, and Sworn by the Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the more part of them, by themselves or their said Deputies as aforesaid, whereof the Wardens, or Wardens Deputy to be al­wayes some, in manner and form, as hereafter in these presents, touching the same shall be limited and appointed) from henceforth until the Morrow after Trinity Sunday, Determination of his Office. commonly called Trinity Munday, now next coming; and so from thence forward in default of a new Election or Choice then to be made of another Ma­ster, until himself or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, shall in due manner, according to the in­tent and true meaning of these Presents, be Chosen and Sworn unto the said Office or Place of Master, according to the Ordi­nances [Page 11] and Provisions hereafter in these presents touching the same expressed and declared, if the said Samuel Pepys shall so long live.

And also We have assigned, nominated,The four first Wardens. constituted, and made, and by these pre­sents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do assign, nominate, constitute, and make Captain John Nichols, Captain Henry Mudd. Captain Nicholas Kerrington, and Captain William Green, to be the four First and present Wardens of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, to continue in the said Office or Place of Wardens of the same Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, by themselves or their sufficient Depu­ties (the same Deputies to be Elected,Their Deputies and how chosen. Chosen, and Sworn, by the Master, As­sistants, and the rest of the Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, or the more part of them, by them­selves or their said Deputies, as aforesaid, whereof the said Master, or Masters De­puty as aforesaid, for the time being, to be [Page 12] always one, in manner and form also, as hereafter in these presents, touching the same, shall be likewise limited and ap­pointed) from henceforth also until the said Morrow after Trinity Sunday, Determination of their Offices. com­monly called Trinity Munday, now next en­suing; and so from thence forward in de­fault of a new Election or Choice then to be made of other Wardens, until them­selves or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood shall in due manner, according to the intent and true meaning of these presents be Chosen and Sworn unto the said Office or Place of Warden, according to the Or­dinances and Provisions hereafter in these presents likewise touching the same also expressed and declared, if they the said Wardens shall so long live.

The eight first Assistants.And further, We have assigned, nomi­nated, constituted, and made, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Succes­sors, do assign, nominate, constitute, and make, our right trusty and right intirely [Page 13] beloved Cousin Henry Duke of Grafton, and our right trusty and right well beloved Cousin and Counsellor William Earl of Cra­ven, and our right trusty and right well be­loved Cousin George Earl of Berkley, and our right trusty and well beloved Counsel­lor George Lord Dartmouth, our trusty and well beloved Sir Thomas Allen, Kt. and Bar. Captain Symon Nichols, Captain Isaac Wood­green, and Captain Thomas Brown, to be the eight First and present Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, to continue in the said Office or Place of Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, by themselves or their suf­ficient Deputies (the same Deputies to be alwayes Chosen, Elected, and Sworn,Their Deputies and how chosen. by the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and the rest of the Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, or the most part of them, by them­selves or their said Deputies as aforesaid, whereof the Master, or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one, in man­ner and form also as hereafter in these pre­sents [Page 14] touching the same, shall be likewise limited and appointed) from henceforth, for and during the Term of their natural lives,Their Office for Life. according to the Ordinances and Provisi­ons hereafter in these presents, touching the same, likewise expressed and declared.

The eighteen first Elder Brethren.And We have also assigned, nominated, constituted, & made, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors do assign, nominate, constitute, and make, our trusty and well beloved Subjects Sir Richard Had­dock, Sir John Berry, Sir John Narbrough, Sir Matthew Andrews, Sr Anthony Dean, Knights, Captain Henry Sheer, Captain Hugh Till, Captain Samuel Chamblet, Captain Thomas Collier, Captain Anthony Young, Captain John Hill, Captain Francis Wilshaw, Cap­tain Robert Fisher, Captain James Bonnel, Captain Ralph Sanderson, Captain Thomas Wilshaw, Captain Samuel Rutter, and Cap­tain Richard Goodlad, to be the first and and present eighteen Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, to continue in the said Office or Place of [Page 15] Elder Brethren from henceforth, for and during the term of their natural lives,Their Office for Life. ac­cording to the Ordinances and Provisi­ons hereafter in these presents likewise expressed and declared.

And we have assigned, named, con­stituted, and appointed, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Succes­sors, do assign, name, constitute, and ap­point, our trusty and well beloved Sa­muel Hunter, Gentleman,Their Clerk. to be the Clerk to the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood aforesaid, to execute the said Office by himself or his sufficient Deputy or Deputies; His Deputy and how to be chosen. which said Deputy or Deputies to be first approved of by the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren of the said Fraternity, or Brotherhood, a­foresaid, for the time being, or the Ma­jor part of them.

And our further will and pleasure is, and we do hereby declare and grant,Who are younger Brothers. that all the rest of the Seamen and Mariners, of, and belonging to the said Guild, Fra­ternity, [Page 16] or Brotherhood, and their Suc­cessors in the said Corporation, shall be called and accompted Younger Brothers.

Out of which said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and eighteen (being all in number one and thirty persons) Elder Brothers, shall, and may be chosen, from henceforth yearly for ever,Time, Manner, and Place, of choosing their Master. on the Morrow after Trinity Sunday, or in any other time of the year, and in such con­venient place, as for the commodity of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, it shall be thought fit and convenient, by a consent of most Voices of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (as well of Elder as Younger Brothers) one Master, in the stead and place of such Master as shall be then wanting by death, displacing, absence, or serving forth of his time, in such sort, manner, and form as hereafter in these presents touching the same shall be declared and set forth; That is to say, the said person, so to be e­lected and nominated to the Office or [Page 17] Place of Master, shall be Master of the said Guild or Brotherhood, from the time of the said new Election and Choice un­till the Morrow after the said Trinity Sunday, commonly called Trinity Munday, then next following, and so from thence forward until the next new Election and Choice of another Master, as is aforesaid.

And yet nevertheless, the same per­son being so elected and nominated to be Master of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, as is aforesaid, before he or they be admitted to the Execution of the said Office or Place, shall make, take, and receive upon the holy Evangelists, a Cor­poral Oath, before or in the presence of the said Wardens, and Assistants, and eigh­teen persons of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or their Deputies as a­foresaid, or the more part of them,The Masters Oaths. That he, from time to time, during his Master­ship shall well and truly execute and per­form the said Office or Place of Master in all things concerning the same, and also touch­ing [Page 18] the Allegiance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, according to the Statutes in that Case made and provided; and that immediately after the said Oaths so taken, he shall and may execute and use the said Office and Place of Master of the said Guild,Duration of the Masters Office. Fraternity, or Brotherhood for one whole year, from thence next and immediately following, or untill the said Trinity Munday then next following, and so forward unto the time of the next new Election and Choice of another Master.

And moreover, Our will and plea­sure is, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and to their Successors, that when, and as often as it shall happen, the Master of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, to die, or to have served forth his time, or to be displaced, or removed from his said Office or Place of Master (which Master not demeaning himself well in his said [Page 19] Office or Place of Master, We will,The Master re­moveable and how. shall be from time to time removable at the will and pleasure of the said Wardens, Assistants, or their Deputies as aforesaid; or the great­er part of them, whereof two of the said Wardens, or two of the said Wardens De­puties, for the time being, to be always some, together with the residue of the Elder Brothers of the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them) that then, and so often, it may and shall be lawful to and for the said Wardens and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies (whereof two of the said Wardens or two of the Wardens Deputies for the time being to be always some) together with the said residue of the Elder Brethren of the same Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or by the more or greater voice of them all, at their will and pleasure, to displace, and remove him from the said Office or Place of being Master, And another to be chosen in his room. and immediately upon the same to proceed to their new Election [Page 20] and Choice, either of him or some other into the said Office, or Place of being Master, in such sort, manner, and form, as before in these presents touching the same is limited and appointed.

And if any Person, elected and appoin­ted to be Master of the said Guild,The Masters fine for refusing or neglecting to serve. Frater­nity, or Brotherhood, as aforesaid, shall refuse the said Office or Place, or shall af­ter he hath agreed thereto, neglect the same, he shall forfeit and lose for every such default twenty pounds of lawful mo­ny of England, in the name of a Fine to be imposed upon him so neglecting, to the use of the said Corporation; And if the said twenty pounds so imposed, shall be denied to be paid, or be not paid within one month (accounting eight and twenty dayes to the Month) next after request thereof made by one of the said War­dens or his Deputy for the time being,And how to be raised. then the same shall, and may be levied, either by distress of the goods and Chat­tels of such persons so assessed and refu­sing [Page 21] or neglecting, to be taken by one of the said Wardens, or his Deputy for the time being; which distress shall be or­dered as distresses taken for Amercia­ments in Leets, or otherwise to be sued for, by, and in the name of any four of the Wardens and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or their Deputies for the time being, in any Court of Record, or Lords Court, by acti­on of Debt, Bill, Plaint, or Information, in which no Essoin, Protection, or Wager of Law shall be allowed to the Defendant; and this to be done from time to time, when and as often as the case shall require.

And also our Will and Pleasure is, and for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do further give and grant, unto the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and their Suc­cessors, that when, and as often as it shall fortune the Masters Deputy of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood,Masters Deputy removeable, and how, for the time being to die, or to have served forth his time, or be displaced or remov­ed [Page 22] from his Office or Place of Masters De­puty, (which Masters Deputy, not demean­ing himself also well in his said Office or Place, We will to be removable at the will and pleasure of the said Wardens and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies, together with the major part of the Residue of the said Elder Brethren for the time being whereof two of the said Wardens, or two of the Wardens Deputies for the time being to be alwayes some) That then and so often it shall,And another to be chosen in his Room. and may be law­ful to and for the said Wardens and As­sistants for the time being, or their said Deputies, or the greater part of them, together with the Major part of the re­sidue of the said Elder Brethren (where­of two of the said Wardens, or two of the Wardens Deputies to be always some) within Convenient time after the Death, displacing, or Removing of any such Ma­ster, or Masters Deputie as aforesaid, to Assemble themselves together, at or in [Page 23] such Convenient place as is aforesaid, for the New Election of some one of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (being an Elder Brother) for Masters Deputy, and shall and may then and there, before their Departure from the said place, Elect and Nominate either him again so to be displaced or Remo­ved, or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being an El­der Brother) to be Masters Deputy of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, in the place and stead of him that so shall Die, or be displaced, or removed; which person being so Nominated, and Elected into the Office and Place of Masters De­puty of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood, shall and may have,Duration of the Office of Masters Deputy. and exercise the same Office and Place in the absence of the said Master, for and during the residue of the said Year, and so for­wards, until a New Election or Choice of another Master or Masters Deputy shall be made, according to the purport and true meaning of these presents; He and [Page 24] they taking first such Corporal Oath as is aforesaid,Oath for the Masters Deputy. for the due Execution and performance thereof, and of the Allegiance and Supremacy of Us, Our Heirs, and Suc­cessors, as aforesaid,

And if any person, appointed and E­lected to be Masters Deputy of the said Guild,Masters Depu­ty's fine for re­sing or neglecting to serve. Fraternity, or Brotherhood as a­foresaid, shall refuse the said Office or Place without Just Excuse or Cause of Let, or shall after he hath agreed there­unto Neglect the same, he shall forfeit and lose for every such Default Ten pounds of Lawful Money of England, in the name of a Fine to be imposed upon him, so refusing or Neglecting, to the use of the said Corporation, to be de­manded and levied within such time, and in such manner,And how to be raised. as the said fine of Twenty pounds hereby imposed upon any Masters refusing his Office is hereby directed to be demanded and Levied, and so from time to time, when, and as often as the Case should so require.

And also our Will and pleasure is, and by these presents, for Us, Our Heirs,The Choice of the Wardens. and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, and to their Successors, that the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their De­puties, together with the Major Part of the rest of the said Elder Brethren as a­foresaid; (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) shall and may from henceforth forever hereafter forth of That Number of One and Thirty Persons (being Elder Brothers) Elect and Choose yearly on the said Morrow after Trinity Sunday, or in any other time of the Year, when for the Commodity of the said Guild, Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood, it shall be thought fit and Convenient, by a Ge­neral Consent of most Voices of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (as well of Elder as Younger Brothers) Four Wardens, or so many of them as shall [Page 26] be then wanting by Death, displacing, absence, or serving forth of his or their time, in such sort, manner, and form, as hereafter in these presents touching the same shall be declared and set forth.

The distinction of Lower and Ʋp­per Wardens.That is to say, the Two Younger or Ne­ther Wardens, or one Younger or Nether Warden so to be nominated and Elected in­to the said Office or Place of Warden or Wardens, shall be Wardens or Warden of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, from the time of the said new Election or Choice, for Two whole years next and im­mediately following, or until there shall be as aforesaid some new or further Ele­ction or Choice either of themselves or some Others to supply the place of War­dens; to be called and accompted in the First year of their supplying or serving in that place, The two Younger or Ne­ther Wardens; And the Two Elder or Ʋpper Wardens so nominated and elected into the said Office or Place of VVardens, shall be also VVardens of the said Guild, [Page 27] Fraternity, or Brotherhood, from the time of the said new Election, or Choice, until the Morrow after the said Trinity Sunday then next following, and so from thence forwards until the next new Ele­ction or Choice of other Wardens, and those to be called and accompted in the Second year of their supplying or serving in that place, the Two Elder or Ʋpper VVardens; and this Course to be always holden and kept in the Choice and De­gree of the VVardens.

And yet Nevertheless the said person or persons being so nominated and Elect­ed to the Place or Office of Warden or VVardens of the said Guild, Fraternity,Wardens Oaths. or Brotherhood as aforesaid, when he or they shall be thereunto Elected, before he or they be admitted to the Execution of his or their said Office or Place, shall make, take, and receive a like Corporal Oath upon the Holy Evangelists before the said Master and Assistants of the same Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the [Page 28] greater part of them or their Deputies, and the rest of the Elder Brethren as a­foresaid (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy, for the time being, to be always one) That he, they, and every of them, shall and will well and faithfully Ex­ecute and perform their said Offices and Places of Warden or Wardens in all things concerning the same, and also Touching the Allegiance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs; and Successors, as aforesaid; And that im­mediately after the said Oaths so taken, he or they shall and may Execute and Use the said Offices or Places of War­den or Wardens of the said Guild, Frater­nity,Duration of the Wardens Office. or Brotherhood, for Two whole years from thence next and immediately following, or unto the time of the next New Election and Choice of other War­dens or Warden, according to the Purport and true meaning of these Presents, as is aforesaid.

Wardens Depu­ty.And Further, We will by these Presents, that the said Warden or Wardens so as a­foresaid, [Page 29] from time to time to be elected, nominated, and sworn, during the time that he, or they, or any of them, shall con­tinue in his or their said Offices or Places of Wardenship, be, from time to time to the best of their abilities and skill, Aid­ing, Counselling, and Assisting unto the Master or Masters Deputy of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, in all causes, matters, and things touching or concerning the good and welfare of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood.

And also our Will and pleasure is,Wardens remov­able and how, and by these Presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, that when, and as of­ten as it shall fortune, all or any of the said VVardens, within the said two years next after that they, or any of them shall be nominated, elected, and Sworn into the Office or Place of VVarden or VVardens of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood [Page 30] as aforesaid, to die, or be displaced, or removed from the said Office or Place of VVardenship (which VVarden or VVar­dens not demeaning him or themselves well in his or their said Offices or Places, We will to be removeable at the will and pleasure of the Master and residue of the VVardens and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the grea­ter part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid, whereof the Ma­ster or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one, together with the re­sidue of the said Elder Brothers, and by the more or greater voice of them all) That then and so often it shall and may be lawful also to and for the said Master, And others to be chosen in their rooms, and lieu. and residue of the VVardens and Assi­stants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their said Deputies (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) together with the residue of the said Elder Bro­thers, and by the more or greater Voice of [Page 31] them all, within convenient time after the death, displacing, or removing of a­ny of the said VVardens, to assemble themselves together, at or in such conve­nient place as aforesaid,New Election o Wardens. for the new E­lection or Choice either of him or them so displaced or removed, or of some o­ther of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood, being Elder Brothers, for new or other VVardens or VVarden as is afore­said, and shall and may then and there, before their departure from the said place, nominate and elect him or them again so removed and put out, or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (being Elder Brothers) to be VVardens or VVarden of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, in the places or steads, place or stead of him or them that so died or were, or was so dead, displaced, removed, or put out.

Which Person or Persons being so E­lected and Nominated to the Office or Offices,New Wardens to act, how and how long. Place or Places of VVardens or [Page 32] VVar­den of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood as is aforesaid, shall and may have and exercise the said Office and Offices, Place and Places of VVardens or VVarden, for and during the residue of the said two years, and so forward, and also unto the time of a new Election and Choice of the like VVardens or VVarden as aforesaid, according to the purport and true meaning of these pre­sents;After Oaths first taken. he or they taking first a like Cor­poral Oath upon the holy Evangelists, as is aforesaid, for such due Execution and Performance thereof, and of the Allegi­ance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors as aforesaid.

Wardens fine for refusing, or neg­lecting to act when chosen.And if any Person, appointed and elected for a VVarden of the said Guild Fraternity, or Brotherhood as aforesaid shall refuse the said Office or Place without just excuse or cause of let, or shall after he hath agreed thereto, neglect the same, he shall forfeit and lose for every such offence six Pounds thirteen Shillings [Page 33] and four pence of lawful money of Eng­land, in the name of a fine to be imposed upon him, so refusing or neglecting, to the use of the said Corporation; to be demanded and levied within such time, and in such manner as the fine so to be im­posed upon the Master is hereby directed to be demanded and levied.

And also Our will and pleasure is, and by these presents for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do further give and grant unto the said Master, VVardens, and As­sistants, and their Successors, that when, and as often as it shall fortune, all or any of the VVardens Deputies Wardens Depu­ties. of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being to die, or to have served forth his or their time, or to be displaced or removed from his or their Office or Place of Wardens Deputies or Deputy (which Wardens Deputies or Deputy not demeaning him or themselves well in the said Office or Place, We will to be removeableremoveable. at the will and pleasure of [Page 34] the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, or the greater part of them by themselves, or their Deputies, together with the Major part of the re­sidue of the said Elder Brethren, whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) that then and so often it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, And others to be chosen. Wardens, and Assi­stants, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies, and the ma­jor part of the residue of the said Elder Brethren as aforesaid (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy for the time be­ing to be always one) within convenient time after the death, or removing of a­ny such Wardens Deputies, or Deputy, to assemble themselves together at or in such convenient place as is aforesaid, for the new Election of some one or more of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being an Elder Brother or Brethren) for Wardens Deputies or Deputy, and shall and may then and there before their depar­ture [Page 35] from the said place, nominate and elect either him or them again so displaced or removed, or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being an Elder Brother or Brethren) to be Wardens Deputies or Deputy of the same Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, in the place and stead, or places and steads of him or them that so died, or was so displaced, or removed:With power to act, how, and how long. Which Person or Persons being so nominated and elected unto the Office or Place of Wardens De­puty of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, shall and may have, and exercise the same Office or Place, in ab­sence of the VVardens or VVarden there, into whose place or stead he or they shall be so Chosen, to serve for and during the residue of the said two years, or one year, and so forward, unto the time of a new Election or Choice of other VVar­dens or VVarden, or other Deputies, ac­cording to the purport and true mean­ing of these presents;After Oaths ta­ken. he or they taking first such Corporal Oath as is aforesaid, [Page 36] for the due Execution and Performance thereof, and of the Allegiance and Supre­macy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as aforesaid.

Deputy Wardens fine for neglect.And if any Person or Persons, so to be appointed or elected to be a VVardens Deputy, or Deputies of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood as aforesaid, shall refuse the said Office or Place with­out just Cause or Let so to do, or shall after he or they hath or have agreed to it neglect the same, he and they shall for­feit and lose severally for every such De­fault three Pounds, six Shillings, and Eight Pence, of lawful Money of England, in the name of a fine to be imposed upon him or them severally, so refusing or neglecting, to the use of the said Corpo­ration, to be demanded and levied with­in such time, and in such manner, as the said fine to be imposed upon the Master is hereby directed to be demanded and levied; and so from time to time so often as the Case shall require.

And further,New choice of Assistants upon deaths or dis­placings. We will and grant by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Succes­sors, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and to their Successors, that the said Master, Wardens, and residue of the Assistants for the time being, and their Successors, or the greater part of them, by themselves, or their Deputies, to­gether with the major part of the resi­due of the Elder Brethren as aforesaid (whereof the Master for the time being, or his said Deputy to be always one) shall and may from time to time, and at all times hereafter, upon the death, depo­sing, displacing, expulsion, or remove of them, or any of them, that are or shall be Assistant or Assistants there for the time being, at the like days, times, and places, when, and as often as it shall seem good to them so to do, have like autho­rity and power, yearly and every year to assemble and meet together, and that they being so assembled and met, it shall and may be lawful to and for them, or the greater part of them, by themselves [Page 38] or their Deputies as aforesaid (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) to nomi­nate and elect so many of that number of eight of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being Elder Brothers) as shall be then wanting by death, deposing, displacing, expulsion, or remove as afore­said, to the Office or Place of Assistants or Assistant of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood; which person or persons so to be nominated and elected shall be Assistant or Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for and du­ring the term of their natural lives as aforesaid.

Assistants to be sworn.And yet nevertheless, the said persons being so to be nominated and elected to be Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, as aforesaid, when he or they shall be thereunto voted and elect­ed, before he or they be admitted to the execution of his or their said Offices or Places, shall also make, take, and receive [Page 39] a like Corporal Oath upon the Evangelists before the Master, Wardens, and residue of the said Assistants, and Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or their Deputies for the time being, or the greater part of them as aforesaid, (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) That he, they, and every of them, Assistants Oath. shall and will, well, and faithfully execute and per­form their Offices and Places of Assistant or Assistants in all things concerning the same, and also touching the said Allegiance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as aforesaid.

And that immediately after the said Oaths so taken, he or they shall,Assistants Office for Life. and may execute, and use the said Office or Place of Assistant or Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for term of his or their natural Lives, from thence next and immediately following, or unto the time of the next new Election or Choice of other Assistant or Assistants, [Page 40] according to the purport and true mean­ing of these presents, as is aforesaid.

Assistants Duty.And further We will by these presents that the said Assistants or Assistant, so as a­foresaid, from time to time to be elected, voted, and sworn, during the time that he or they, or any of them shall continue in their said Offices and Places of Assistant ship, be from time to time, to the best of their endeavours, and abilities, and skills, aid­ing, assisting, and counselling unto the Master and Masters Deputy, and VVarden and VVardens Deputies of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, in all cases, matters, and things touching and concerning the good and welfare of the said Guild, Fraternity, and Brotherhood.

Assistants re­movable.And also Our will and pleasure is, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants and to their Successors, that when, and [Page 41] as often as it shall happen, all or any of the Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, at any time or times next after that they or any of them shall be Voted, Elected and Sworn to the Office or Place of Assistants of the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood, as is aforesaid, to die, or to be displaced, or removed from the said Office or Place (which Assistant or Assistants not demeaning him or them­selves well in the said Offices or Places, We will to be removeable at the will and pleasure of the Master, VVardens, and residue of the Assistants and Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them by themselves or their Deputies as afore­said, whereof the Master or Masters Depu­ty for the time being to be always one) that then and so often it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, VVar­dens, and residue of the Assistants and Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood for the time being, or [Page 42] the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time be­ing to be always one) within conveni­ent time after the death, displacing, or re­moving of any of the Assistants or Assistant, to assemble themselves together at, or in such convenient place as aforesaid, for the new Election or Choice of some other Person or Persons of the said Guild,And others to be chosen. Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood, (being Elder Brothers) for new or other Assistants, and shall or may then and there before their departure from the said place, elect and nominate him or them so removed, dis­placed, or put forth, or some other of the Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being Elder Brothers) to be Assistant or Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, in places or steads, place or stead of him or them that so died, or were, or was so displaced or removed: which person and persons being so elected and nominated to the Office or Offices, or Place or Places of Assistants of the said [Page 43] Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, shall and may have,With power to act for Life. and exercise the said Office and Offices, Place and Places, for and during his or their natural Lives, or unto the time of a new Election and Choice as aforesaid; he or they taking first alike Corporal Oath upon the holy Evangelists for such due execution and performance thereof,After Oaths first taken. and of the Allegi­ance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as is aforesaid.

And if any Person and Persons,The Assistants fine, for refusing or neglecting to act. nomi­nated and elected to be an Assistant or As­sistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood as aforesaid, shall refuse the said Office or Place without just excuse or cause of Let, or shall after he or they hath or have agreed thereto, neglect the same, he and they shall forfeit and loose severally for every such default five pounds of lawful Money of England, in the name of a fine to be imposed upon him or them severally so refusing or neglecting, to the use of the said Corporation: to be [Page 44] demanded and levied within such time, and in such manner, as the said fine to be imposed upon the said Master is hereby directed to be demanded and levied.

Assistants Depu­tyes removable.And also Our will and pleasure is, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do further give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assi­stants, and their Successors, That when, and as often as it shall fortune all or any of the Assistants Deputies of the Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood for the time being to die, or be displaced or removed from his or their Office or Place of Assi­stants Deputy or Deputies, (which As­sistants Deputies or Deputy, not demeaning him or themselves well in his or their said Office or Place of Deputy Assistantship, We will to be removeable at the will and pleasure of the Master, Wardens, and As­sistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood for the time being, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies, together with the major [Page 45] part of the rest of the Elder Brethren, whereof the Master or Masters Deputy, for the being to be always one) that then and so often it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid, (whereof the said Master or Masters De­puty for the time being to be always one) within convenient time after the death, displacing, or removing, of any such As­sistants Deputy or Deputies, to assemble themselves together, at or in such conve­nient place as aforesaid,And others to be chosen. for the new E­lection of some one or more of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood (being an Elder Brother or Brethren) for such As­sistants Deputies or Deputy, and shall and may, then, and there, before their depar­ture from the said place, nominate or elect either him or them again, so displa­ed, or removed, or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (be­ing an Elder Brother or Elder Brothers) to be Assistants Deputies or Deputy of the [Page 46] said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, in the place and stead, or places and steads of him or them that so died, or was so displaced or removed; which person or Persons so nominated and elected unto the Office or Place of Assistants Deputy or Deputies of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood,With power to act for Life. shall and may have and ex­ercise the same Office or Place in absence of the Assistants or Assistant there, into whose place or stead he or they shall be so chosen to serve, for and during the the term of his or their Life or Lives, in­to whose place or stead he or they shall be Elected or Chosen, to supply his or their absence, or unto the time of a new Election or Choice of other Assi­stant or Assistants Deputies or Deputy according to the purport and true mean­ing of these presents; he or they first taking such Corporal Oath as is aforesaid,Ʋpon Oath first first taken. for the due execution and performance thereof, and of the Allegiance and Supre­macy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as is aforesaid.

And if any Person or Persons so ap­pointed and elected to be an Assistants Deputy or Deputies of the said Guild,Assistants De­puties, their fine for refusing or neglecting to act when chosen. Fraternity, or Brotherhood as aforesaid, shall refuse the said Office or Place, or shall after he or they hath or have a­greed thereunto, Neglect the same, he or they shall forfeit and lose for every such default Fifty Shillings, of lawful Mony of England, in the Name of a Fine to be imposed severally upon him or them to the use of the said Corpora­tion, to be Demanded and Levied within such time, and in such manner, as the Fine to be upon the Master, is hereby directed to be demanded and Levied.

And our Will and pleasure also is, and by these presents for us our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and to their Successors, that when and as often as it shall happen, all or any of the Eighteen Elder Brethren Elder Brethren. of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for [Page 48] the time being, at any time or times next after that they or any of them shall be nominated, Elected and Sworn to the Office or Place of Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, as is aforesaid, to Die, or to be displaced, or removed from the said Office or Place (which Elder Brother or Elder Brethren not demeaning himself or themselves well in the said Office or Place, We will to be Removed at the Will and Pleasure of the Master, Removeable. Wardens, and Assistants, and residue of the Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or the greater part of them, by them­selves or their Deputies as aforesaid, whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one;) that then and so often it shall and may be lawful,And others to be chosen. to and for the said Master, War­dens, Assistants, and residue of the Elder Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, for the time being, or the greater part of themselves, or their Depu­ties as aforesaid (whereof the Master, or [Page 49] Masters Deputy for the time being to be always One) within convenient time after the Death, displacing, or removing of any of the Elder Brethren, to Assemble themselves together, at or in such Con­venient place as aforesaid, for the new Election or Choice of some other person or persons of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being Younger Brothers) for New or other Elder Brother or Bro­thers; and shall and may then and there before their Departure from the said Place Elect and Nominate him or them so removed, displaced, or put forth, or some other of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, (being Younger Brother or Brothers) to be Elder Brother or El­der Brothers of the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood, in the places or steads, place or stead of him or them that so died, or were, or was so displaced or removed.

Which Person or Persons being so E­lected and Nominated to the Office orElder Brethren new elected to have power to act; how, and how long. [Page 50] Offices, or Place or Places, of Elder Brother or Brethren of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, shall and may have and Exercise the said Office and Offices, Place and Places, for and during his or their Natural Lives, unless removed as afore­said; and first taking a Corporal Oath, upon the Holy Evangelists,After Oaths taken. for such due Execution and Performance thereof, and of the Allegiance and Supremacy of Us, our Heirs, and Successors; and this to be done likewise from time to time, when and so often as the Case shall re­quire.

And our further Will and Pleasure is and we do hereby declare and grant,Power of ap­pointing and displacing all inferiour Offi­cers, &c. that it shall and may be Lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, and their Successors or Deputies for the time being as aforesaid, or the greater part of them (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy, for the time being to be always one) from time to time, when and as often as occasion [Page 51] thereunto shall require, or unto them in that behalf it shall seem expedient, like­wise to name, place, and appoint any other Inferiour Officers, Ministers, and Members, as shall be Convenient and Needful, in, to, for, and Concerning the said Guild Fraternity, or Brother­hood, for the good Government thereof; and the same and Every or a­ny of them again at all times, and from time to time at their like Will, and Plea­sure, to displace, remove, expel, or dis­charge, and him, and them, or others in his or their Place, Room, or stead so removed, expelled, displaced or dischar­ged, to take in again, Place and Appoint anew, and in like manner to do and perform when they or any of them shall fortune to die or depart this Life before he or they be so removed, expelled, dis­placed or discharged.

And also we will,Power of Ele­cting and re­moving Younger Brothers; who and how. and Grant by these Presents for Us, our Heirs, and Successors unto the said Master, Wardens and Assi­stants [Page 52] and to their Successors. That they the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors for the time being, by themselves or their Deputies, or the Greater part of them, together with the Major part of the Residue of the said Elder Brethren (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) shall and may from time to time, and at all times hereafter at their like will and pleasure, admit re­ceive, and take in whatsoever Person, and Persons (our Natural Subjects) as well within this our Realm of England, and other our Realms and Dominions, and Places being under our Obeysance, and not O­thers, which would be and shall be desirous to be of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood, as Brothers of the said Corpo­ration, And all and every such Person so to be admitted, received, and taken in by the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or the greater part of them, by them­selves, or their Deputies, together with the Major Part of the Residue of the said [Page 53] Elder Brethren as aforesaid (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy, for the time being to be always One) shall from the time of such his or their Admission, recei­ving, and taking in, be called and ac­compted Younger Brothers in Deed and in Name, and them and Every, or any of them so admitted, received, and taken in, they may also again at their Wills and Pleasure, remove and displace, of and from the said Corporation, when and as often as to them, or the Greater Part of them in that behalf, shall seem Expe­dient.

And further we will and Grant by these Presents, for Us,Every Brother to have Power of taking Ap­prentices; who, and how. our Heirs and Suc­cessors, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, and to their Successors, that from henceforth it shall and may be law­ful to and for the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, and Every other Brother of the said Corpora­tion for the time being, not only to have, [Page 54] take and keep one or more Apprentice or Apprentices to be brought up in the Trade of Mariners or Seafaring men, eve­ry of the said Apprentice or Apprentices to be to them bound for Seven years at the least, and every Apprentice so taken (being above Seven years of Age at the time of his Entry into his Apprenticeship) shall be by the same Covenant Bound to be ordered and used to all Intents accor­ding to the Custome of our City of Lon­don, so that the same Bond or Covenant of Apprenticeship be made by writing, In­dented and Enrolled before themselves in the said Corporation, by some under Of­ficer of theirs thereto to be appointed, and that there be not taken for every such Enrolment above Twelve pence; But also for the said Master, Wardens, and As­sistants, and their Successors, or the Great­er part of them, by themselves and their Deputies, and the Major Part of the rest of the said Elder Brethren as aforesaid (Whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) [Page 55] to make and set down Orders and pains for the Masters and Governors of such Apprentice and Apprentices, well Training and breeding them up in their Trade of Navigation and Sailing, and also for the said Apprentice or Apprentices due beha­ving of themselves, and their Obedi­ence and diligence towards their said Master and Governor, The Statute for ta­king, having, and Enrolling of Apprentices, or any other Statute, Law, Custome, U­sage or Priviledge to the Contrary in a­ny wise notwithstanding.

And further we do hereby for Us,To examine and certifie the Pro­ficiencies of the Mathematical Children of Christ's Hospi­tal, and see them bound. our Heirs, and Successors strictly Charge and Command the Master, Wardens and As­sistants of the Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood aforesaid, now and for the time being, to examine into and certifie the Abilities and fitness of such Children of the New Royal Foundation in Christs Hos­pital, who are or shall be admitted to and initiated in the practice of the Art of Navigation, and to be bound forth Ap­prentices, [Page 56] and to take care that the In­dentures of Apprenticeship of such Chil­dren be executed by the respective Ma­sters to whom they shall be bound, in the presence of the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren of the said Guild or Fraternity, or the major part of them, at some publick meeting of the Corporation.

Power of Mi­nistring Oaths in all Marine Causes, and o­ther Occasions of the Corpora­tion.And for that it oftentimes falleth out, that for the avoiding of long depending of Suits in Law, and great expences incident to the same, many Marine and Admiral Causes in controversie between party and party in the High Court of Admiralty, are referred by and forth of the said Court [...] or by and from the Judge thereof, or his lawful Surrogate or Deputy in that behalf for the time being, to the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, or their said Deputies for the time being as aforesaid; to hear and determine the which the said said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and [Page 57] their said Deputies are not able many times to accomplish, by reason that they have hitherto wanted a sufficient power and authority in themselves to minister an Oath unto the Witnesses to be produc­ed on either side. For the Reformation whereof, We of Our further Grace, do by these presents will and grant for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, that they by themselves or their Deputies aforesaid (whereof the Ma­ster or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) shall and may from time to time, and at all times hereafter, when and as often as occasion shall there­unto require, not only in the Case afore­said, minister an Oath to every person that shall be produced or used as a Wit­ness, for the testifying and declaring the truth in any such Case, but also at the Ele­cting of every Master, Warden, Assistant, and their Deputies as aforesaid, minister to every Master, Warden and Assistant, and his or their Deputy and Deputies, and the said [Page 58] Elder Brethren, the said Oath of well ordering and governing of themselves in their said Offices and Places and to every Youn­ger Brother and Officer of the said Society, and to all and every Apprentice and Ap­prentices to be bound as aforesaid, when he or they shall be made free, the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and the u­sual Oath to the Corporation.

Power of ap­pointing all Pi­lots, and Loads­men into and out of the River of Thames.And for that many times unskilful and indiscreet persons not having knowledg, or due understanding either of our Chan­nel, or how to Guide and Govern Ships or other Vessels aright, have taken upon them to be Pilots, Loadsmen, and Guides for the safe bringing up of Strangers Ships, Hoyes, Flyboats, Barks, or other Vessels, into our River of Thames, and for want of such knowledg and understanding have cast away the said Ships and other Vessels, to the great annoyance and decay of our said Channels, and loss and hinderance both of our Merchants and o­thers going ordinarily to Sea, and to the [Page 59] slander and evil report of the more skil­ful and better sort of our Seamen and Mariners amongst Forraign Nations u­sing the Traffick hither. For Reforma­tion whereof, Our will and pleasure is, and by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens and Assi­stants, and to their Successors, and do straitly charge and command that no manner of Person or Persons, Seamen, or Mariners, or other Person whatsoever, at any time hereafter, shall take upon him or them, or otherwise presume or suffer themselves to be Pilots, Loadsmen, or Guides, to or for the bringing in or carrying forth of the River of Thames, or any other Creek belonging or running into the same, of any Ship or other Ves­sel, by what name or names soever they shall be called, except such Person or Per­sons so taking upon him or them such Pi­lotship, Loadsmanage, or Guidance, shall be thereunto first appointed and authoriz­ed by the said Master, VVardens, and As­sistants, [Page 60] or their Deputies for the time be­ing, or the greater part of them, toge­ther with the major part of the rest of the said Elder Brethren (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy, for the time be­ing, to be always one) under the Common-Seal of their Corporation, and confirmed under the Hand and Seal of the Lord High Admiral of England for the time being,To be confirmed by the Lord High Admiral. without any Charge or Fee to the the Secretary of the Admiralty for the same.

To appoint Pi­lots to all Ali­ens Ships out of the River of Thames.And moreover, that no such Ship or other Vessel (whereof any Alien or Stranger, not being born within or un­der Our obeysance, shall be Owner or part Owner) shall go down, or out of the said River of Thames to Seawards, with­out a Pilot, Loadsman, or Guide to them, in that behalf assigned and appointed in Writing by the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies, together with the major part of the rest of the [Page 61] Elder Brethren, whereof the Master or Masters Deputy, for the time being to be always one.

And for the better Execution thereof, on the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, Power of rate­ing the Pilo­tage to all Ali­ens Ships. and their Deputies behalf as aforesaid, such Pilots, Loadsmen, and Guides, shall and may be appointed to every or any such Ship or other Vessel (whereof the said A­lien or Stranger is, or shall be Owner or part Owner) by the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, or the grea­ter part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid, for such competent Sum of Money, and reasonable rate to be paid, yielded, and given, by the said A­lien, or Stranger, or his Deputy, unto the said Pilot, Loadsman, or Guide, so to be ap­pointed, and conducting them, according to the greatness or charge of every such Ship or other Vessel as shall be reasonable, and so from time to time deemed by the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, and their Successors, or the grea­ter [Page 62] part of them, by themselves or their Deputies for the time being, whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one.

And also, that from henceforth no Sea­men or Mariner,No Master or Pilot to take charge into or out of the Thames with­out being exa­mined by this Corporation. shall presume to take up­on him or them to be a Master, Pilot, Loads­man, or Guide, of or to any Ship or Vessel whatsoever, to Sail, go, or put forth of the said River of Thames, or any other Creeks thereof, into the Seas, or from the Seas homewards into the said River of Thames, or any Creek thereof, other then such as shall have been first examined by the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, or the major part of them, by themselves or their Deputies, whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy for the time being, to be always one, and from them shall have obtained a Certificate in Writing under the Seal of the said Cor­poration,And their par­ticular know­ledges on this or that Coast cer­tified by them. shewing and testifying there­by the Countreys, Coasts, and Places, to and for which he, they, and every or any [Page 63] of them shall be sufficient, apt, and meet to take such charge upon them, and after that also an approbation or allowance there­of,Lord Admiral to approve of all Masters, Pilots, and Loadsmen. of and from the Lord High Admiral of England for the time being, as afore­said; upon pain to forfeit, for every such time of his or their doing to the contra­ry therein,Twenty Pounds Fine upon all unlicensed Ma­sters, Pilots, &c. the Sum of twenty Pounds of lawful Money of England, to be levied of his or their Goods or Chattels by way of Distress, to be taken by one of the said Wardens, or his Deputy for the time being. Which Distress shall be ordered and used in like manner, as of Amerciaments in Court Leets, or otherwise to be sued for, by, and in the name of the Master or Ma­sters Deputy, and any two of the VVar­dens or Assistants of the said Guild, Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood, or his, or their Deputies for the time being, in any Court of Record, or Lords Court, by Action of Debt, Bill, Plaint, or Information, in which no Essoyn, Protection, or Wager of Law shall be allowed unto the Defendant.

And further we of our more abundant and especial Grace, certain Knowledge, and meer Motion, have given and gran­ted, and by these Presents for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do give and Grant unto the said Master, A Grant of all ancient Profits, Dues, &c. from Loadsmanage, Pilotage and Primage. VVardens, and Assistants of the said Guild, Frater­nity, or Brotherhood, and to their Suc­cessors for ever, That they by their Officer or Officers thereto from time to time to be appointed, shall and may from time to time, and at all times hereafter, Levy, have, receive, and take within the said River of Thames, and Port of London, and in all or any the Creeks, Harbors, and Places within the Precincts, Limits, or Liberties thereof, all and singular such profits, dues, Duties, and Sum, and Sums of Mony whatsoever, which at any time or times heretofore, by themselves or their Predecessors, by any Name or Names of like Corporation, or by Vir­tue of and from any Charters and Let­ters Patents to them or any of them [Page 65] heretofore given or granted, or by any lawful usage, prescription, or custom, they have received, had, or taken in the said River, Port, Harbours, Creeks, and Places, or any of them, in or by way of Loads­manage, or Pilotage, and Primage; that is to say, of and from every Master, Loadsman, or Pilot of every Ship or other Vessel coming into the said River of Thames, Port of London, or Creek, or Harbour of the same, and receiving Loadsmanage, or Pilotage, and Primage, or which may or ought to receive the same; that is to say,Loadsmanage and Pilotage, how much. by way of Loads­manage, or Pilotage, of and for every twenty Shillings Loadsmanage, or Pilotage two Shillings, and of every Ten Shillings one Shilling, and of every six Shillings eight Pence, eight Pence, and so after that rate and proportion for greater or lesser Sums, in such sort as they have used and accustomed time out of mind of man to receive the same.

And likewise of and from the said [Page 66] Master, Loadsman, or Pylot, by way of Primage, Primage, how much. two pence, as out of every Ma­riner his Primage; That is to say, two Pence for every man which at any time hereafter shall serve as a Mariner in any such Voyage, and shall return into the said River of Thames, or Port of London, or Creek, or Harbour of the same, in such manner and form as heretofore, by the like time out of mind of man hath been accustomed.

The Precedeing Duties, how to be recovered.And if any Person or Persons charge­able with payment of the said Loadsma­nage, or Pilotage, and Primage, or either, or any of them, shall deny, withhold, or keep back the same, contrary to the mean­ing of these our Letters Patents in that behalf; that then and so often it shall and may be lawful, and by these Presents, We for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, do give full Power and Authority unto the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and their Deputies and Successors for ever, that they or any of them by their Officer [Page 67] or Officers thereunto to be appointed as a­foresaid, shall and may Arrest and At­tach, or cause the said Party or Parties so offending, withholding, or denying, for his or their contempt in that behalf to be arrested or attached, and commit him or them to Ward in the Prison of our Marshal­sea, or in the safe Custody and Charge of the Marshal of the Admiralty for the time being; there to remain in restraint and safe keeping, until such time as the said Offender or Offenders have paid and sa­tisfied, or else taken order by good and sufficient Surety, for satisfaction of the Duty, which shall be so due or payable, by reason of this our present Grant. And if the Party or Parties which should pay or answer any such Loadsmanage, or Pilot­age, and Primage, or either of them, do so absent him or themselves, or cannot be found, whereby he or they may be Ar­rested or Attached as aforesaid, that then and so often it shall and may be lawful to and for one or more of the said War­dens, or his or their Deputies for the time [Page 68] being to arrest, or stay, or cause to be put under arrest and stay, the Ship or o­ther Vessel, wherein the said Master, Loadsman, or Pilot went, or was imploy­ed, until such time as the said Duties, and every of them shall be fully paid and sa­tisfied, according to the purport and true meaning thereof. Or otherwise it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, by one or more of the said VVardens, or his, or their Deputys for the time being, to distrain the Goods, and Chattels of the Party or Par­ties so offending, denying, or keeping back the aforesaid Duties, wheresoever the said Goods and Chattels, or any of them shall and may be found; and the same Distress or Distresses, so had, or tak­en, to their use to detain and keep, until they be fully satisfied of their Right and Duty, with the Charges of taking the same Distress, and keeping thereof, ac­cording to the purport and true meaning of these presents.

And further our will and pleasure is,Power of hold­ing Courts, how, where, and for what. and by these presents of our especial Grace, certain Knowledge, and meer Mo­tion for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, We do give and grant unto the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, and to their Successors, that it shall and may be law­ful to and for the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, and their Successors (provided that the majority at least of the Master, Wardens, and Assi­stants, or their Deputies for the time be­ing, be always some) from time to time, and at all times hereafter, upon reasona­ble warning thereof to be given, to As­semble themselves for and about any the Matters, Causes, Affairs, or Business of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, in any place within the City of London or County of Middlesex, or in any other place or places for the same convenient; and then and there to hold and keep Court for the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, and the affairs thereof, and the Perquisites Issues and Profits of the said [Page 70] Court so to be holden and kept, to levy, take,Their Profits how to be em­ploy'd. and perceive, to and for the use of the said Corporation, for the better main­tainance and preservation thereof, without any accompt to be made or rendred to Us, our Heirs,Without Ac­compt. and Successors, in that behalf.

And also that it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, VVar­dens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, or the more part of them, being so assembled, by themselves or their Deputies (provid­ed that the majority at least of the Ma­ster, VVardens, and Assistants, or their Deputies for the time being, be always some) to treat,General subject of their debates, and Trust. commune, and agree a­mongst themselves, or with any other Person or Persons whatsoever, of and up­on the Conservation, good Estate, and wholsome Government, as well of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, as upon the like Conservation, good Estate, wholesome Government, Maintainance, and Encrease of the Navigation of this Our Realm, and of all Mariners, and [Page 71] Sea faring men within the same, and of all and every the Apprentices, Servants, and their Masters, and Governours, and other persons, to the said Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood belonging, or com­ing, or being within our River of Thames, or any the Creeks, or Harbors of the same; and for the good Orders to be made amongst them, or any of them, of and upon all and singular Articles, any manner of way touching or concerning the premisses or any part thereof; or the cunning, Knowledge, or Science of Sea­men, and Pylots, for the better and more safe Guiding and Conducting of all manner of Ships and other Vessels.

And at and upon the same their Assem­blies, Meetings, or Conference,Power to make and alter Laws. or any of them, to make, ordain, and constitute besides, such and so many reasonable Laws, Constitutions, Orders, and Ordinances, as to them or the greater part of them, being then and there present (whereof the Ma­ter, or Masters Deputy for the time being, [Page 72] to be always one) shall seem necessary and convenient touching the premisses, and for the better advancement and continu­ance of the same; and the same Laws, Constitutions, Orders, and Ordinances so made, or any of them, to put in Ʋre and Execution accordingly, and at their pleasures again to revoke, alter, or change, when, and as often as occasion thereto shall require.

Their Laws binding to all within the Ri­ver of Thames.And further, that whatsoever is, or shall be concluded and agreed upon, at any such Assembly or Meeting, the same shall be holden as Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes, amongst them to be put in Ure and Exe­cution, and shall bind all the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, and all other Seamen and Mariners of the said River of Thames, or of any other Place, Port, Ha­ven, or Town, (as well the Subjects of this Realm, as Strangers) for the time of their being at or in the said River of Thames, or Creeks, or Harbours, of the same, to obey and observe the same.

So always, that the said Laws,Proviso about their said Laws. Ordi­nances, Statutes, or any of them be not contrary or repugnant to the Laws, Sta­tutes, Rights, or Customes, of this Our Realm of England, or Derogatory to the Jurisdiction and Preheminence of the Lord High Admiral of England for the time being, or to the Court of Admiralty of England, or to the Judge, Register, or Marshal of that Court for the time being, or any of them.

And whosoever against the said Laws,Infringers of their Laws to be punished, and how. Ordinances, and Statutes, shall in any part offend, or shall violate or break any of them, it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, VVardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, or the greater part of them, their Successors, and Deputies afore­said (whereof the said Master or Masters Deputy to be always one) in their discre­tions, according to the greatness and qua­lity of the fault, to punish and correct; and the pains, penalties, amerciaments, and forfeitures, or any of them in the [Page 74] said Laws, Ordinances, and Statutes, or a­ny of them to be appointed and specified, of the Offenders, and every of them to ask, levy, gather, and receive; and for the same, if need so be, the said Offender and Offenders, as well by his and their Goods and Ships or either of them, as by his or their Bodies (as the Case shall require) according to the Laws and Cu­stoms of this our Realm of England, or our Court of Admiralty, to Distrein and Arrest, and by their own Officer for that purpose to be appointed (if they shall so think it meet) to Commit to Ward, there to remain, until the same pains, amercia­ments, and forfeitures, with the Charges of the Imprisonment be fully answered, satisfied, and paid, to the use and benefit of the said Corporation; and also the same Parties, Offenders, and every of them to Release and set Free again, as to the said Master, VVardens, Assistants, and Elder Brethren, and Deputies aforesaid, or the greater part of them for the time be­ing, in that behalf shall seem expedient.

And that all and singular sum and sums of Mony whatsoever,Ʋses of their Monies arising from Fines, For­feitures, &c. due or hereafter to be due, and received by the said Decrees, Orders, Agreements, Fines, Forfeitures, or otherwise, shall be to the use, Com­modity, and profit of the said Guild, Fra­ternity, or Brotherhood; unto and for the repairing of a Certain House, Repair of their Houses, and Alms-houses. or Te­nement commonly called or known by the Name of Trinity House; and of o­ther Tenements and Alms-houses scitu­ate and being in Deptford Strond afore­said, and Ʋpper Deptford, in the said County of Kent, belonging to the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood; and for the finding of certain poor Persons,Relief of poor Brothers, and their Widdows. Brethren, and the Wives of Brethren, of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, which are fallen into Decay, Mi­sery, Poverty and Need, or hereafter shall fortune to fall into Decay, Mise­ry, Poverty and Need; and also for re­lief of other Poor Mariners and Sea-fa­ring men, such as by them,General Chari­ties. and their Successors shall be thought meet and [Page 76] necessary therewith to be relieved; and for other Publick uses of the said Society.

To hold and dis­pose of their Revenue with­out Account.Which sum and sums of Mony so re­ceived, and to be received to the use of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, it shall and may be lawful to, and for the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, their Successors and Deputies, to hold, possess, and enjoy, for ever, to the Use aforesaid, without any Accompt, or o­ther thing, therefore to Us, Our Heirs and Successors, to be yielded, paid, ren­dred, made, or done, in that behalf; and without any Molestation or trouble, through any invented Colour or Device by any Person or Persons, either of the said Trinity House of Deptford Strond, or of any other Place or Places, to be pra­ctised, attempted, or put in Ure against the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, Successors and Deputies, or any of them, by any means whatsoever for and Con­cerning the same.

All and singular which Laws, Constitu­tions, Orders, and Ordinances, as afore­said to be made, We will to be duely observed and kept, under the pains and penalties therein to be contained; so al­ways, as the said Laws, Constitutions,Their Laws, Fines, &c. To be binding, upon a Condition. Or­ders, and Ordinances, Imprisonments, Fines and Amerciaments be reasonable, and not contrary or repugnant to the Laws, Statutes, or Customes of this our Realm; nor Derogatory to the Jurisdiction or preheminence of the Lord High Admi­ral of England for the time being, or to the high Court of Admiralty of England for the time being, or to the Judge, Re­gister, or Marshal of that Court for the time being, or any of them.

Provided always, that if any Master, Six Months ab­sence (saving for sickness) to be punished by Dismission. Warden, Assistant, or Elder Brother shall upon any pretence whatsoever, except sickness (whereof good proof by Oath is to be made) fail to give his Attendance at any of the Courts summoned, or o­ther usual meetings of the Corporation [Page 78] for the space of Six Months together, he shall be displaced and dismissed by the Corporation or Major part of them from being an Elder Brother; and the Master, Wardens, Assistants, and Elder Bre­thren of the Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood aforesaid, or the Major part of them as aforesaid, shall proceed to the Election of some other fit Person or Persons in the Room of him or them so removed.

The Oaths and subscription en­joyn'd the Ma­ster.And further we will and by these presents do hereby charge and Com­mand, that the Master by these presents herein before named and constituted, be­fore he be admitted unto his said Office, shall take the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy; and the Oath prescribed and mentioned in the Act for the well Go­verning and regulating of Corporations, made in the Thirteenth year of the Reign of his Late Majesty King Charles the Second; and also shall Subscribe the Declaration prescribed and mentioned in [Page 79] the said Act, and also the Oath for the due Execution of the said Office of Master before the said Wardens, in these presents before named and constituted, or any two of them, whom we do hereby authorize to give and require the same accordingly.

And further, We do hereby Charge and Command the VVardens, Assistants, Oaths generally enjoyned upon the Wardens, Assistants, El­der Brethren, and Clerk. Elder Brethren, and Clerk herein before named and constituted, that before they or any of them be admitted unto their said respective Offices, they and eve­ry of them respectively shall take the said Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy, and make the Declaration and Subscripti­on aforesaid, and also take the Oaths for the due Execution of their said Offices respectively, before the said Samuel Pepys herein before mentioned, Master of the said Fraternity, or Brotherhood, whom we do hereby give full Power and Autho­rity to require and administer the same ac­cordingly,Power to the Master of ad­minstring them. without any further Warrant or Authority from Us, to be had or obtained in that behalf.

Power reserved to the King of displacing any Master, Warden, Elder Brother, or Clerk, and how.Provided always, and We by these Presents reserve full Power and Authori­ty to and for Ʋs, Our Heirs, and Succes­sors, from time to time, and at all times hereafter, to remove and displace by or­der of our or their Privy Council, any Master, Warden, Assistant, Elder Brother, or Clerk of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, and thereupon the Office or Place, Offices or Places, of such Per­son and Persons so removed, or declared to be removed, shall be (ipso facto) void, to all intents and purposes, and other fit Per­son or Persons shall be Elected, Chosen, and Sworn into the Place or Places of him or them so removed, according to the Provisions in that behalf herein before expressed; and this as often as the Case shall so happen, any thing to the contra­ry thereof in any wise notwithstanding.

The Master, Wardens, and Assistants, &c. to be always at the Kings call.And for as much as the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Depu­ties, being often times in themselves, their Servants, Apprentices, and Ships, to be [Page 81] charged and imployed at one hours warn­ing in Our Service at the Sea, in and for the good and necessary defence of Our Realms and Kingdoms, cannot give their due attendance therein, with such dili­gence as their Duty was and is to do, by reason that they be many times compelled to bear Armour, or to contribute to the charge thereof for Land Service, as also to serve upon Inquests, and Juries, at Assizes, Sessions, Courts Leet, Courts Baron, before the Coroner, and in all other Courts, Commissi­ons, and places of Jurisdictions, to the great vexation and burthen of the said Corporation, and to the Peril of the said Service at the Sea, by reason that they cannot conveniently attend both the one and the other.And therefore to be exempted from all Land Service and contributions thereto. Therefore We of our more abundant Grace, certain Knowledg, and meer Motion, do Will and Grant by these presents, for Us, our Heirs and Successors, that they and every of them, and all and every other Bro­ther, and Ministers of the same, being Mariners and Sea faring men, and their and [Page 82] every of their Servants and Apprentices that now be, or at any time or times hereafter shall be, their Successors, and the Successors of every of them, from time to time, and at all times from henceforth, shall be discharged and ex­empted of and from the bearing or find­ing of any Armour, to or for any Land Service, at or upon any General Muster or other veiw to be taken of Armour, in a­ny of the Counties or Places, where they or any of them shall make their aboad or dwelling, at the time of the said Mu­sters or View taken, and from being and contributing to the setting forth of any Souldiers to be employed or set forth to or for Land Service, other then as Mari­ners, and Seamen, in Sea Services; as also that they and every of them shall be in like manner discharged and exempted from being summoned and put in Assizes, And from all Assizes, Juries, &c. Juries, Inquests, Inquisitions, Attaints, and other Recognizances taken, or summoned within the said Counties or Places, or any of them; unless that they the said Master, [Page 83] VVardens, and Assistants, and other Sea­men, and Mariners aforesaid,Saving in case of Tenures or Admiralty Sessi­ons. be there­unto compelled or compellable by reason of their Tenures, or unless it be for our Service at every Admiral Sessions, which they and every of them shall be always tied and bound to attend upon their Pe­rils, being thereunto lawfully Summoned as heretofore; and moreover, that they, and every of them, shall be likewise ex­empted and discharged from being other­wise taxed, to, for, or with any man­ner of Land Service whatsoever, other then is aforesaid, or to be contributary to the same: And that if at any time or times hereafter, the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, or any of them, or any other Brother, Officer, Minister, or Member of the said Corporation for the time being, by any ways or means be appointed for bearing or finding of Armour, or Taxed to or with any manner of Land Service, (other then as is aforesaid) or to be Contri­butary to the same, or Summoned or put in Assizes, Juries, Inquests, Inquisitions, or o­ther [Page 84] Recognizances (other then as afore­said) taken or summoned within the said Counties, Jurisdictions, or Places, where they or any of them shall remain or a­bide, other then as in regard of their said Tenures, or for our Services at or in the Admiral Assizes or Sessions as aforesaid; that then the said Appointment or Sum­mons, and also the said Taxation to be ut­terly void and of none effect, any Or­der, Custome, Law, or Usage, to the con­trary before this time had or used in any of the said Counties, Jurisdictions, or Places notwithstanding.

This exemption nevertheless re­vocable by an order of Council.Provided alwayes, that if the Lords and others of the Privy Council, of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, or any six or more of them (whereof the Lord High Admiral of England, for the time being to be always one) by any VVarrant or Warrants signed with the hands of them, or any six or more of them, (whereof the Lord High Admiral of England for the time being to be one) shall at any time [Page 85] or times, Will and Command the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, to per­form, execute, or do any Land Service, or to be Contributary to the Charge of any Armour, Munition, or any other thing appertaining to such Land Service; that then and so often the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants, and their Successors, shall upon and after the receipt of any such Warrant, perform and execute all and every such thing as shall be commanded and en­joyned unto them or any of them, in and by the same, anything before in these presents to the contrary thereof notwithstanding.

And further by these presents, We do for Us, our Heirs, and Successors,Power to stop all unlicensed Ma­sters and Pilots, and to licence thereto such as are sufficient; admitting them into the Brother­hood, and certi­fying their par­ticular abilities. give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and to their Successors for ever, that from henceforth for ever here­after, it shall and may be lawful to and for them, and the rest of the Elder Brethren of the said Society, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid (whereof the Master, or Masters [Page 86] Deputy for the time being, to be always one) to forbid, stay, and keep back, all and every Seaman and Mariner coming into, or going forth of the River of Thames, or any the Greeks, or Harbours of the same, to be­gin to take charge upon him, or them, as Master, Pilot, Loadsman, or Guide of any Ship or other Vessel, to go forth of the said River of Thames or Creeks or Harbors of the same outwards into the Sea, or from the Sea Homewards into the said River, or Creeks, or Harbours of the same, other then such as shall be first allowed of by them, or the more part of them as aforesaid; and if upon Examination and Trial had of any, they shall find the same sufficient (being naturally born our Subjects within our o­beysance) the same and every such they shall receive into the said Guild, Frater­nity, or Brotherhood, and give him, them, and every of them a Writing un­der the Seal of their Corporation, sig­nifying thereby the Countries, Coasts, and Places, for which he and every of them is and shall be sufficient to take Charge, [Page 87] whereby men to whom he or they shall be unknown, when they shall have occa­sion to hire him, them, or any of them, may be truely certified and satisfied for what places he or they is or are sit and sufficient; and this Order We do expres­sly Command to be observed, to the in­tent thereby to avoid both ignorant Py­lots, and the placing and preferring of unskilful men to take Charge hereafter, which some men heretofore have done and procured for affection to the person on­ly, without regard had to his, or their suffi­ciency in Knowledg and Aptness thereunto.

And whosoever doth or shall at any time or times hereafter,Power to impri­son or fine un­licensed Masters or Pilots at di­scretion. presume to take upon him Charge as Master or Pilot forth of the said River of Thames, or Creeks, or Harbors of the same, Outwards into the Seas, or from the Seas Homewards into the said River, or Creeks, or Harbours of the same, before he or they be examined and al­lowed as aforesaid, it shall & may be lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, [Page 88] and the rest of the Elder Brethren, and their Successors, or the greater part of them, by themselves or their Deputies (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) to punish such Offender or Offenders, by Imprisonment or Fine, or by both, according to their dis­cretions.

Our Channels, Sands, &c. to be kept secret.And to the end the Channels, Sands, Flats, and Rocks, arising, growing, or ly­ing in or near any the Seas or Sea Coasts within any our Dominions, should for the more strength and safety of our Realms and Kingdoms, be kept secret within our Selves, and altogether unknown to A­liens and Strangers of other Nations, We do furthermore by these presents, give, and grant for Us, our Heirs, and Succes­sors, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, full Pow­er and Authority of and by themselves, or their Deputies as aforesaid, or the greater part of them (whereof the Master or Ma­sters Deputy for the time being to be al­ways [Page 89] one) to forbid or restrain,And therefore no Alien to be suf­fered to sail in any English Ships, unless al­lowed by this Corporation. that none do take any Alien or Stranger Born, to Sail or Serve in any Ship or other Vessel belonging unto any of our Subjects, com­ing into or going forth of the said River of Thames, except such Person or Per­sons, for urgent Causes or other good Considerations, shall be thought meet to be allowed, and so certified by the said Master, Wardens, Assistants, and the rest of the Elder Brethren or their Successors, and Deputies as aforesaid, under the Seal of the said Corporation,Ʋnder the for­feiture of five pounds. upon pain of five Pounds of lawful Money of England, to be forfeited and paid by the Person or Persons so offending, to the use and be­hoof of the said Guild, Fraternity, or Bro­therhood, for every such offence; and the same pain and forfeiture to be had, levied, received, and taken to the use of the said Corporation from time to time, and at all times hereafter, in such manner and form, as other pains, duties, and forfei­tures, or any of them, in and by these presents are limited and appointed to be levied and received.

And likewise we do grant by these pre­sents,A forfeiture up­on every English Ship carrying an Alien as a Mariner. that it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, Assi­stants, and their Successors, or the great­er part of them, by themselves or their Deputies as aforesaid (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time being to be always one) or any other their Offi­cer or Officers thereto to be appointed, to levy, have, receive, and take out of e­very English Ship or other Vessel that shall come into or go forth of the said River of Thames, or any the Creeks, or Harbours of the same as aforesaid, for any Voyage, and have in her serving for Mariner, or Seaman, by what name or addition soever, any Alien or Stranger, or Aliens or Strangers, not being born with­in our Dominions or Obeysance, or not having a Patent of Denization, or other sufficient or lawful Warrant in Writing to shew for the same, for every first offence for every one offending Forty shillings of like lawful Money of Eng­land, and for the second time, and so from [Page 91] time to time afterwards, when, and as often, and for every one that shall so offend, to levy, take, and receive the Sum of Five Pounds of lawful English Money; and for the same (if Cause shall so require) by one or more of the said War­dens, or by his or their Deputy or Deputies for the time being, to Distrain the Goods or Chattels of the Party or Parties so offending, and the same Distress or Di­stresses so taken, to carry away, keep, and detain with him or them, until they be fully paid and satisfied, of and for the Sum and Sums of Money, which shall be so forfeited and due unto them from the Offenders as aforesaid, together with their reasonable Costs and Charges expend­ed and to be expended, for taking, and carrying away of the same Distresses, and keeping thereof, if any such be.

And that it shall and may be lawful to and for the said Master, Wardens, Power to punish all Seamen de­serting their Ships, or muti­nous. Assi­stants, and the rest of the Elder Bre­thren, and their Successors, or the greater [Page 92] part of them, by themselves, or their said Deputies, as aforesaid, (whereof the Master or Masters Deputy for the time be­ing, to be always one) to examine and punish by Fine, Imprisonment, or such rea­sonable Correction, as the quality of the offence shall require, all and every such Person and Persons, as in any Merchant or Merchants, or other Owner or Owners Ship, or other Vessel within the said Ri­ver of Thames, that shall depart or go away from any Ship, or any other Vessel by what name soever, after that he or they be hired and agreed withal for Wages, or shall grow, or be found mutinous, disobedient, or any ways a provoker, seducer, or inticer of any other to any mutiny or disobedi­ence, to the hurt, or injury, or likeli­hood of hurt or injury of any Service or Journey intended, either outwards or homewards, into or from the said Ri­ver of Thames, or any the Creeks, or Harbours of the same.

And also to hear and determine all and [Page 93] every the Complaints of any Mariner, Power to hear and determine all complaints of Sea-men, Officers, &c. Seaman, Purser of a Ship, or other Officer, Minister, or Member, belonging of or to any Merchant, or Owners Ship, in any Voyage to be made outwards or home­wards, to or from the said place and places, or any of them, according to the quality of the same Complaints.

Alwayes provided,With the re­serve of an Ap­peal to the Lord Admiral, or Judg of the Admiralty. that the Person or Persons so offending may yet neverthe­less afterwards (if he or they find them selves grieved therewith) Appeal unto the the Lord High Admiral of England, or to the Judge of the High Court of Our Admiralty for the time being, for redress therein.

And for that it hath been found by experience that divers Strangers Ships and Vessels,What shall be reputed an Eng­lish Ship. under the colour of having English Masters, have passed for, and been reputed English Ships and Vessels, and so have avoided the payment of their Du­ties and Impositions, in that proportion, [Page 94] which by the Laws and Constitutions of the said Corporation, they ought to have paid, to the great abuse of the said Cor­poration; for the preventing of the like abuses in time to Come, and that there may be no mistake for the future, either in Imposition of Duties, or of Fines, or Penalties, It is hereby declared, that on­ly such Ship or Vessel shall be reputed and taken to be an English Ship, or Vessel, which hath an English Master, and three parts of Four of the whole number of Officers and Mariners English, And what a Stranger. and every other Ship or Vessel shall be reputed and taken for a Foreign or Stranger ship or Vessel, and according to that Order and Estimation all and every Ship and Vessel shall by the said Corporation, from henceforth be Rated, Fined, and As­sessed.

And to the intent that the said Cor­poration may be the better enabled to regulate and govern themselves, and to prevent disorders, and redress inconveni­encies [Page 95] which otherways may arise with­in the said Corporation:The Master to be always in the Commission of the Peace for London, Kent, Middlesex, and Surrey. We do hereby farther give and grant, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Suc­cessors for ever, that the Master of the said Corporation for the time being, and his Deputy, shall be Commissioners of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, for the keeping peace, for and within the City of London, and the Liberties thereof, as well as for and within the Counties of Kent, Middlesex, and Surrey at all times hereafter.

And We do hereby further Grant, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors,Power (by themselves or their Order) of levying all Fines, &c. gran­ted by this Pa­tent. to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors for ever, that any Officer or Servant of the said Corporation, or a­ny other person whatsoever, to whom the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, shall give Warrant and Authority under their Common Seal for that purpose, shall and may demand, levy, and receive, all Impositions, Fines, [Page 96] Forfeitures, and Payments, imposed or to be imposed by the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, or payable or demandable by and from any Person or Persons, by Vertue of these Presents, at all times hereafter for e­ver.

In consideration of the growing Poverty of Sea­men, they have power of pur­chaseing in Mortmain to 500 l. per An­num.And for as much as the Poverty of Mariners and Seamen, belonging to the said Corporation, is now much more en­creased then hath been in former time, and not able to be relieved from the Re­venues of the Lands and Possessions of the said Corporation, which now they have, or were enabled to have purchased, being so small in yearly value: There­fore to the end that the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Succes­sors, may be from henceforth the better enabled from time to time to bear and sustain their Charges and Expences, drawn and occasioned by reason of their Corpo­ration, We of our Especial Grace, certain Knowledge, and meer Motion, have [Page 97] given and granted, and by these presents for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, do give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the Guild, Fraterni­ty, or Brotherhood, of the most glorious and undivided Trinity, and of St. Clement in the Parish of Deptford Strond in the County of Kent, and their Successors full, free, especial, and lawful License, Power, and Authority, not only to retain, possess, and enjoy, to their own proper use and behoof (without any Accompt to be rendred, made, or given to Us,Without account: our Heirs, or Successors, in that behalf) all and singular such Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, Goods, and Chattels, as they have heretofore, obtained, purchas'd, or had, and do at present possess and enjoy, by force and vertue of any other Letters Patents, or Grant had and made to them, by the name of any former Corporation, by or from the said late Kings and Queens, and according to the purport and true meaning thereof, or otherwise howsoever; But also to have, receive, [Page 98] and Purchase, further to them and their Successors for ever, of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, or of any other Person or Per­sons, whatsoever Manors, Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Rectories, Tithes, Rents, Reversions, and Services, or any of them, or any part or parcel of them, or any of them, and any other Possessions, and He­reditaments whatsoever, without License or Writ of ad quod dampnum; so always as the said Manors, Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Tithes, Rectories, Rents, Re­versions, Services, Possessions, and Heredi­taments, or such parts or parcels of them, or any of them, by the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants, and their Successors so to be purchased, obtained, or had, so as aforesaid, do not exceed the clear yearly value of five hundred pounds by the year, above all Charges, Deductions, and Reprises; the Statute of not puting Lands and Tenements into Mortmaine, or any other Statute, Act, Ordinance Provision, or Restraint thereof heretofore, had, made, ordained, and provided, or [Page 99] any other Cause, thing, or matter, whatsoever to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

And we do further by these presents, for Us, our Heirs, and Successors,With Power to others to be be­nefactors to them in Mortmain to that Value. give and Grant to all and every our Subject and Subjects whatsoever, full Power, License, and Authority, that they, and every of them, may at their Wills, and and Pleasures, give, grant, bargain, set alien, convey, and assure unto the said Master, Wardens and Assistants, and their Successors, Manors, Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Rectories, Tythes, Rents, Reversions, and Services, or any parts or parcels of them, or any of them, and any other possessions and Heredita­ments whatsoever; so always as the said Manors, Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Rectories, Tythes, Rents, Reversions, Services, Possessions and Hereditaments, or any of them, do not exceed the clear yearly Value of five hundred pounds, above all Charges, Deductions, and [Page 100] Reprizes; the said Statute of not putting Lands, and Tenements, in Mortmain, or any other Act, Statute, Ordinace, Provision, or restraint to the contrary notwithstanding.

And further of our more especial Grace, Certain Knowledge,A Confirmation of all former Grants of Li­berties, Estates, &c. and meer Motion, We have granted and confirmed, and by these presents, do for Us, our Heirs, and Successors, grant and confirm unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, all and all man­ner of Liberties, Franchises, Immunities, Exemptions, and Jurisdictions, which the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or, any of them, by what name or names so ever, by Vertue of what Incorporation soever, heretofore have had, held, used, or enjoyed, or ought to have had, used, and enioyed, to them and their Succes­sors for ever, of an Estate of Inheritance, by vertue or force of any Charters, or Let­ters Patents, by any of our Predecessors, Kings or Queens of England, or any o­ther [Page 101] Person or Persons whatsoever, by a­ny manner of means heretofore, made, confirmed, or granted, or by any other means, Right, Custom, Use, Prescription, or Title, heretofore used, had, and accu­stomed; to have and to hold to the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and their Successors for ever, to be held of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, by such the same, and the like Rents, Services, and Sums of Money, as the same were for­merly holden by, and not otherwise.

Wherefore We will and do strictly Charge and Command, for Us, our Heirs,With an Exemp­tion from all Ac­counts, for any thing clai­med or done by them, before the Date hereof. and Successors, that the said Master, Wardens, & Assistants, and their Successors, shall, and may have, hold, and enjoy for ever, all the aforesaid, Lands, Tenements, Liberties, Authorities, Jurisdictions, and Franchises aforesaid, according to the Tenor and Effect of these our Letters Patents, with­out let or hindrance of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, or of any Justices, Sheriffs, or other Bayliffs, or Ministers, of Us, our [Page 102] Heirs, and Successors, whatsoever; wil­ling that neither the said Master, VVar­dens, and Assistants, nor any of them, by reason of the Premisses, or any of them, by Us, our Heirs, and Successors, the Ju­stices, Sheriffs, Escheators, or other Bay­liffs, or Ministers, of Us, our Heirs, and Successors whatsoever, be thereof hin­dred, molested, vexed, grieved, or in any wise troubled. Willing, and by these presents charging and commanding, as well our Treasurer, Chancellor, and Barons of our Exchequer at VVestminster, and o­ther the Justices of Us, our Heirs, and Successors, as our Attorney and Sollicitor General for the time being, and every of them, and all other our Officers and Mi­nisters whatsoever, that neither they nor any of them do prosecute, or continue, or cause to be prosecuted, or continued, any Writ or Summons of Quo VVarranto, or other Writ or Writs, or Process whatso­ever, against the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, or any of them, for any Cause, Thing, Matter, Offence, Claim, or [Page 103] Usurpation, or any of them, claimed, at­tempted, used, had, or usurped before the making of these presents; Willing also that the said Master, VVardens, and Assi­stants, or any of them, by any of the Justices, Officers, and Ministers aforesaid, in or for the due use, claim, or abuse of any Liberties, Franchises, or Jurisdictions before the making of these presents be not molested, or hindred, or compelled to answer to them or any of them.

And moreover,The Lord Mayor of Lon­don, and all other Officers commanded to Assist, and for­bid to molest the Corporation in any thing con­tained in this Grant. our Will and Plea­sure is, that the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood of the most glorious and undivided Trinity, and of St. Cle­ment in the Parish of Deptford Strond. in our County of Kent, and the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the same, their Successors, Deputies, and Officers, and every of them, for and concerning all or any our former Grants in these Our Letters Patents contained, and the due Execution of them, or any of them, shall as well by the Lord Mayor, She­riffs, [Page 104] Justices, Officers, and Ministers of our City of London, as by the Sheriffs, Justices of Peace, and more particularly the Commissioners and other Officers of our Customes in every Port of this our Realm, as also all other Officers, and Ministers of all and every other County, City, and Place of this our Realm of England, from time to time be aided and Assisted, and helped; Forbidding that the same Our Leige People and Subjects, or their Successors, or the afore recited Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, or their Officer or Officers for the time being, which shall be Ele­cted, Ordained, and appointed, in man­ner and form aforesaid, or any of them, be by Us, our Heirs, and Successors, or any the Justices, Mayors, Escheators, She­riffs, Coroners, Bayliffs, or any other Of­ficer or Minister whatsoever, of Us, Our Heirs or Successors, bearing any Office or Offices whatsoever, in any of our said Cities, or Counties, or in any other Place or Places whatsoever, by any [Page 105] means from henceforth at any time or times hereafter, for the Premisses, or a­ny Article of them, Molested, Impeach­ed, Vexed, Troubled, Disquieted, or Grieved in any thing. In Witness whereof We have Caused, these Our Letters to be made Patents, Witness Our Self, at Westminster, the Eight day of July, in the First Year of our Reign.

By Writ of Privy Seal PIGOTT.

A List of the First Thirty one El­der Brethren, appointed by this Charter.

Master.
  • SAMUEL PEPYS, Esq;
Wardens.
  • Cap. John Nicholls
  • Cap. Henry Mudd.
  • Cap. Nicholas Kerington.
  • Cap. William Green.
Assistants.
  • Henry Duke of Grafton.
  • William Earl of Craven.
  • George Earl of Berkely.
  • George Lord Dartmouth.
  • Sir Thomas Allen, Kt. and Baronet.
  • Cap. Simon Nicholls.
  • Cap. Isaac Woodgreen.
  • Cap. Thomas Browne.
Elder Brethren.
  • Sr. Richard Haddock, Kt.
  • Sr. John Berry, Kt.
  • Sr. John Narbrough, Kt.
  • Sr. Matthew Andrews, Kt.
  • Sr. Anthony Dean, Kt.
  • Cap. Henry Sheere.
  • Cap. Hugh Till.
  • Cap. Samuel Chamblet.
  • Cap. Thomas Collier.
  • Cap. Anthony Young.
  • Cap. John Hill.
  • Cap, Francis Wilshaw.
  • Cap. Robert Fisher.
  • Cap. James Bonnell.
  • Cap. Ralph Sanderson.
  • Cap. Thomas Wilshaw.
  • Cap. Samuel Rutter.
  • Cap. Richard Goodlad.

The Several OATHS Enjoyned by this CHARTER To be taken by the OFFICERS and MEMBERS, OF THIS CORPORATION: According to the Table subjoyned.

1. The Oath of Supremacy.

I [...] Do utterly te­stifie and declare in my Conscience,The 1st. of Eliz. cap. 1st. that the KING's Highness is the on­ly Supreme Governour of this Realm, and of all other His Highnesses Domi­nions and Countries, as well in all [Page 108] Spiritual or Ecclesiastical things or Causes, as Temporal; And that no Fo­reign Prince, Person, Prelate, State, or Potentate, hath or ought to have any Iurisdiction, Power, Superiority, Pre­eminence or Authority Ecclesiastical or Spiritual within this Realm: And therefore I do utterly renounce and for­sake all Foreign Iurisdictions, Powers, Superiorities and Authorities, and do promise that from henceforth, I shall bear Faith and true Allegiance to the KING's Highness, his Heirs and law­ful Successors; and to my power shall assist and defend all Iurisdictions, Pri­viledges, Preeminences and Authorities granted or belonging to the KING's Highness, his Heirs and Successors, or united and annexed to the Imperial Crown of this Realm. So help me God, and by the Contents of this Book.

2. The Oath of Allegiance.

I [...] Do truly and sincerely acknowledge, profess,The 3d. Ja­cob [...]s cap. 4th. testi­fie and declare in my Conscience before God and the World, that our Sove­raign Lord King JAMES is lawful and rightful King of this Realm, and of all other His Majesties Dominions and Countries; and that the Pope, nei­ther of himself, nor by any Authority of the Church or See of Rome, or by a­ny other means with any other, hath any Power or Authority to depose the King, or to dispose any of His Maje­sties Kingdoms or Dominions, or to authorize any Foreign Prince to invade or annoy him or his Countries, or to discharge any of his Subjects of their Allegiance and Obedience to His Ma­jesty, or to give License or leave to any of them to bear Arms, raise Tumults, or to offer any violence or hurt to His Ma­jesties Royal Person, State or Govern­ment, or to any of his Majesties Sub­jects [Page 110] within His Majesties Dominions.

Also I do swear from my heart, that notwithstanding any Declaration, or Sentence of Excommunication, or De­privation made or granted, or to be made or granted by the Pope or his Successors, or by any Authority deri­ved or pretended to be derived from him or his See, against the said King, His Heirs or Successors, or any Absolution of the said Subjects from their Obedience, I will bear Faith and true Allegiance to His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, and him and them will defend to the uttermost of my power, against all Conspiracies and Attempts whatsoever which shall be made against his or their Persons, their Crown and Dignity, by reason or colour of any such Sentence or Declaration or otherwise; and will do my best endeavour to disclose and make known unto His Majesty, His Heirs and Successors, all Treasons and Traiterous Conspiracies which I shall know or hear of, to be against him or any of them.

And I do further swear, that I do from my heart abhor, detest, and abjure as [Page 111] impious and heretical, this damnable Doctrine and Position, that Princes which be excommunicated or deprived by the Pope, may be deposed or mur­thered by their Subjects, or any other whatsoever.

And I do believe, and in my con­science am resolved, that neither the Pope, nor any Person whatsoever hath Power to absolve me of this Oath, or any part thereof, which I acknowledg by good and full Authority to be law­fully administred unto me, and do re­nounce all Pardons and Dispensations to the contrary.

And all these things I do plainly and sincerely acknowledge, and swear, according to these express words by me spoken, and according to the plain and common sense and understanding of the same words; without any equivoca­tion, or mental evasion, or secret reser­vation whatsoever. And I do make this Recognition and Acknowledgment heartily, willingly, and truly, upon the true Faith of a Christian. So help me God, &c.

3. The Corporation Oath.

13 Carol. 2d. cap. 1st. I [...] Do declare and believe, that it is not lawful, upon a­ny pretence whatsoever, to take Arms against the King: And that I do abhor that Traiterous Position, of taking Arms by his Authority against his Person, or against those that are Com­missioned by him. So help me God.

4. The Declaration.

I [...] Do declare, That I hold that there lies no Obligati­on upon me or any other Person, from the Oath commonly called, The Solemn League and Covenant; And that the same was in it self an unlawful Oath, and imposed upon the Subjects of this Realm against the known Laws and Liberties of this Kingdom.

5. The Master and Masters Deputies Oath.

YOu shall Swear, that you during the time of your being the Master of this Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, shall not seek secretly, suddenly or unnecessarily, to withdraw or absent your self from the guidance and Go­vernment that appertains unto you therein; And together therewithal shall do your true endeavour, that all and e­very the Orders, Constitutions, and Ordinances heretofore made and esta­blished for the good government of the said Guild, and now in force, or at any time or times hereafter, during your being Master there, shall be made and ordained for the same government, may be duly maintained and kept, as well in your own person as in all others of the same Guild, according to the intent and true meaning of the same Orders, Constitutions, and Ordinances, and e­very of them; And in all matters and [Page 114] causes of the said Guild, or referred thither forth of the Court of the Admi­ralty, or by or from the Iudge there­of, or any his lawful Surrogate, Sub­stitute, or Deputy there for the time being, to be determined, decided, or re­ported, You shall indifferently, and without respect of persons, or unneces­sary delay, seek to bring to an end, as to Iustice appertaineth. In the execu­tion of your Office or place, you shall spare or forbear no man for favour or love, or grieve or vex any man for Ma­lice, or hate. Extortion or wrong un­der colour of your place shall you not do, or cause to be done; neither to any thing that shall be against the Peace, Crown, and Dignity of our Soveraign Lord the King, or the Weal and Profit of this Guild, shall you yield your consent, but let and hinder the same what you may. And moreover you from time to time, during the same your being Master, shall to the uttermost of your skill and knowledge, do your true endeavours, That the said Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood may be well and orderly guided and governed, and the good and [Page 115] benefit thereof augmented and sought, And in all things use and behave your self, as to the said Masters place ap­pertaineth. So help you God.

6. The Warden and Warden's Deputies Oath.

YOu shall Swear that you shall well and truly oversee this Guild, Fraternity or Brotherhood, whereof you, be chosen one of the Wardens for the time now to come, and all the good Or­ders, Constitutions, and Ordinances of the same Guild from time to time, as they be in force, shall you keep and cause to be kept, according to the intent and true meaning of the same Orders, Constitutions, and Ordinances, and eve­ry of them; and all the defaults and offences that you shall find in the same Guild to be made, done, or committed, ye shall well and truly present, or cause to be presented at the next Court to be holden for the said Guild, sparing there­in no man for favour or love, nor griev­ing, [Page 116] or vexing any person for malice or hate. Ye shall not seek either sud­denly or unnecessarily to withdraw or exempt your self from the execution of your Office or Place before the time appointed you be expired, or ended. Ex­tortion or wrong under colour of your Office ye shall not do, or procure to be done, neither to any thing that shall be against the Rings Majesties Peace, His Crown, and Dignity, or the Weal and profit of this Guild shall you yield your consent, But let and hinder the same what you may. And for the time that ye shall be in your Office or Place of War­den, in all things that shall be belong­ing unto the same Guild, after the Or­ders and Customs thereof well and law­fully you shall behave your self. So help you God.

7. The Assistant and Assistants De­puty's Oath.

YOu shall Swear, That you shall from time to time, so long as you shall supply the office or place of an Assistant within this Guild, accor­ding to the Election that hath been made of you, aid and assist the Master, the Wardens, and the rest of the Assistants of this Guild, and all and every of their Deputies for the time being, with the best of your experience, skill, and under­standing, for the well governing of the same Guild, according to the Orders, Cu­stomes, Constitutions, and Ordinances thereof; And the same Orders, Customes, Constitutions, and Ordinances, and eve­ry of them, being lawful, just, and in force, you shall do your true indeavour to see them kept and observ'd, both in your own person, and in all others of the same Guild. You shall not seek either secretly, suddenly, or unnecessarily to withdraw or exempt your self from the execution of [Page 118] your Office or place, within the time ap­pointed you at your Election. Extortion or wrong by colour of your place shall you not do, nor procure to be done, neither to a­ny thing that shall be against the Kings Majesties Peace, His Crown, and Dig­nity, or the weal and profit of this Guild shall you yield your Consent, but let and hinder the same in what you may: And from the time that you shall be or serve in your Office or Place of one of the Assi­stants, in all things that shall be belong­ing to the said Guild, after the Orders and Customes thereof, well and lawfully you shall behave yourself. So help you God.

8. The Elder-Brothers Oath.

YE shall Swear to be faithful and true unto our Sovereign Lord King JAMES the IId. His Heirs and lawful Successors: Ye shall be faithful and true unto this Guild, Fraternity, or Brother­hood, whereof you are now made a special member: And in that you are now called to the Fellowship of Elder Brothers, Ye [Page 119] shall faithfully use your self as becometh your place: Ye shall be obedient, aiding, and helpful unto the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of this Company, and their Deputies there for the time being: the Secrets and Privities of the said Company ye shall heal, and not bewray; and if you shall know any person or per­sons, which intend hurt, harm, or preju­dice to our said Sovereign Lord the King, or to this said Fellowship or Guild, or the Priviledges of the same, ye shall speedily give knowledge thereof, or do it to be known to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of this Company, or their De­puties for the time being, or to some one of them. All and every the Orders, Con­stitutions, and Ordinances, which have been made, or shall hereafter be made by the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Deputies for the time being, or the more part of them, or otherwise howso­ever agreeable to their Charter, and standing in force, ye shall well and truely hold, and keep; or in default thereof, pay, or cause to be paid to the Clerk of the said Guild (for the time being) to the use of the said Company, all and every such [Page 120] mulcts, pains, and penalties, as have or shall be limited and set against the Offen­ders and Transgressors of the same. So help me God.

9. The Younger-Brothers Oath.

YOu shall Swear to be faithful and true to our Sovereign Lord King JAMES the II. and to his Heirs and lawful Successors, and to be aiding by all the best means you can to uphold and maintain the good and welfare of this Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood whereof you be now made a Member. Ye shall always be obedient unto the Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, of the same, and their Deputies for the time being, and use your self as becometh a Younger Brother for the time you shall so continue: All and every the Orders, Constitutions, and Ordinances which have been made, or shall hereafter be made by the Master, Wardens, and As­sistants or their Deputies for the time be­ing, or the more part of them, or otherwise [Page 121] howsoever agreeable to their Charter, and standing in force, Ye shall well and truly hold and keep; or in default there­of pay or cause to be paid to the Clerk of the said Guild for the time being, to the use of this Company, all and eve­ry such Mulcts, Pains, and Penalties, as have or shall be limited and set a­gainst the Offenders and Transgressors of the same. So help you God.

10. The Clerk's Oath.

YOu shall Swear to be faithful and true to our Sovereign Lord King JAMES the Second, and to his Heirs and lawful Successors, and to be aiding by all the best means you can to uphold and maintain the good and welfare of this Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, whereof you be now made the Clerk, and Minister; You shall faith­fully conceal the Secrets and Privities of the said Guild, and always during your continuance in that Office and Employment be obedient to the Master, [Page 122] Wardens, and Assistants of the same, and their Deputies for the time being, in their lawful and reasonable Com­mands concerning the execution of your Office; All the Mulcts, Duties, pay­ments, and sums of Mony whatsoever now due, or hereafter during your Em­ployment to be due to the said Guild, by any Person or Persons, You shall to your uttermost ability, endeavour to Collect and gather to the use of the same Guild, or upon refusal of payment there­of shall acquaint the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Deputies, or the greater part of them at their Court of Assistants, with the same: And what­soever Sum or Sums of Mony, you shall so collect or gather, You shall tru­ly and faithfully answer, accompt for, Satisfie, and pay to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or the greater part of them, at their Court of Assi­stants to be holden next after such Col­lection made, or to be made: Extor­tion or Wrong to any man, you shall not do, nor cause to be done by colour of your Office, neither to any thing that shall be against the Kings Maje­sties [Page 123] Peace, his Crown, and Dignity, or the Weal or profit of this Guild, shall you yield your consent, but Lett and hinder the same what you may. So help you God, through Jesus Christ.

A TABLE of the preceding Oaths and Declaration, shewing the Order where­in they are to be taken by the several pro­per Officers and Members.
Persons.OATHS.
 NoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Master12345     
Master's Deputy
Warden1234 6    
Wardens Deputy
Assistant1234  7   
Assistants Deputy
Elder-Brother1234   8  
Younger-Brother12      9 
Clerk1234     10
Under Officers12        
Apprentices12        

APPENDIX. An Act 8. Eliz. To enable the Trinity-House to erect Sea Marks, and give Li­cense to Mariners to Row in the River of Thames.

WHereas the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity-House at Deptford-Strond being a Company of the chiefest and most ex­pert Masters, and Governours of Ships, incorporate within themselves, charged with the conduction of the Queens Ma­jesties Navy Royal, are bound to foresee the good Encrease, and maintenance of Ships, and of all kind of Men, Traded and brought up by Watercraft, most meet for her Majesties Marine Service.

And forasmuch as by the destroying, and taking away of certain Steeples, Woods, and other Marks, standing upon the Main Shores, adjoyning to the Sea-Coasts [Page 126] of this Realm of England, and Wales, being as Beacons and Markes of ancient time accustomed for Seafaring Men, to save and keep them, and the Ships in their charge, from sundry dangers there­to incident, divers Ships with their Goods and Merchandizes, in Sailing from Foreign parts towards this Realm of England and Wales, and specially to the Port and River of Thames, have by the lack of such Markes of late years been miscarried, perished, and lost in the Sea, to the great detryment and hurt of the Common-Weal, and the perishing of no small number of people.

For Remedy wherein to be had, be it Enacted, Established and Ordained by the Queens most Excellent Majesty, By the consents of the Lords Spiritu­al and Temporal, and the Commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, that the foresaid Master, Wardens and Assistants of the Trinity-house at Deptford Strond aforesaid, being a Company incorpora­ted as before, shall and may lawfully, by vertue of this Act, from time to time hereafter at their Wills and Pleasures, [Page 127] and at their Costs, make, erect, and set up, such, and so many Beacons, Markes, To erect Sea-Marks. and Signs for the Sea, in such Place, or Places of the Sea-shores, and Uplands near the Sea Coasts or Forelands of the Sea, only for Sea Markes, as to them shall seem most meet, needful, and requisite, whereby the Dangers may be avoided and escaped, and Ships the better come unto their Ports without peril. And that all such Beacons, Markes, and signs, so to be by them, or their Assigns erected, made, and set up at the Costs, and Char­ges of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, shall and may be continu­ed, renewed, and maintained, from time to time at the Costs and Charges of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants; any thing to the contrary hereof not­withstanding.

And be it further Ordained, and En­acted by the authority aforesaid, that no Steeples, Trees, or other things now stan­ding as Beacons or Markes for the Sea, (whereof to the Owner or Occupier of the Place where the same doth grow or stand, before the first day of March next coming, notice shall be given by [Page 128] the Queens Majesties Letters under her Signet) shall at any time hereaf­ter be taken down, fell'd, or otherwise cut down, upon pain that every person by whose procurement, or consent, such Of­fence shall be committed, shall forfeit the Sum of One hundred pounds, whereof the One moyety to the Queens Majesty, and the other Moyety to be to the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Tri­nity-House; And if the said person or per­sons so offending, be not of the value of One hundred pounds, then the same per­son and persons to be deemed convict of Outlawry, ipso facto, to all constructions and purposes.

And further be it Enacted by the Au­thority aforesaid,To License Ma­riners to row in the Thames. That all Mariners and Seafaring Men, dwelling about the said River of Thames, being thereto Licensed by the said Master, Wardens and As­sistants, and having sufficient Certificate of such License from the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, as well between their Voy­ages as at other times, at their Wills and Pleasures, by force hereof, the better to keep and refrain chemselves from Folly, Idleness, and Lewd Company [Page 129] and for the relief of them, their Wives, and Children, shall and may freely and quietly exercise and Row in their own Wherryes, or any other mens Wherryes by them to be hired, or wherein they shall be hired, to work up and down the said Ri­ver of Thames, to apply and follow the Or­dinary passing and carrying of the Queens Ma­jesties people to and fro, as other Watermen commonly called Wherrymen of the same River use and accustome to do, without Impeachment, Hinderance, or Let to the contrary; and that such Seasaring men shall not thereby be drawn under any other Government, than under the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, as they were before; any Act, Statute, Provision, Pro­clamation, Ordinance or Custom hereto­fore against the Premisses Ordained or made in any wise notwithstanding.

Copia Vera
  • Johan. Walker, Deput.
  • Johan. Brown, Cler. Parliamentor.

THE GRANT OF Queen ELIZABETH In the 36. Year of Her Reign, OF THE Ballastage, Beaconage, and Buoyage, TO THE TRINITY-HOUSE.

ELIZABETH, By the Grace of God.Surrender of the Ballastage by the Lord Ad­miral. Queen of England, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, &c. To all to whom these present Letters shall come, Greeting: Whereas our lo­ving Cousin and Councellor, Charles Lord Howard of the most Noble Order of the Garter Knight, Baron of Effing­ham, and our great Admiral of England, [Page 131] hath by his Deed in our Court of Chancery enrolled, bearing Date the seven and twentieth day of May last past, for divers considerations him therein moving, fully, wholly, and absolutely Surrendred, yielded, and given up unto Us, and into our hands, the Lastage and Ballastage, and Office of Lastage and Bal­lastage, of all and all manner of Ships, and other Vessels whatsoever, coming, or being, in or upon the River of the Thames, or which shall at any time hereafter be coming, Floting, Issuing, passing, Sailing or going into, or out of the River of the Thames, betwixt our City of London, and the Main Sea, of what burthen soever such Ship or Ships, or other Vessels shall be, and of, and by what Name, or Names soever, such Ballastage and Lastage is, or may be cal­led, known, or used, or which do or hereafter shall remain, lye, or be, at, in, upon, or near unto any Wharf, Bank, or Creek near unto the same River, or any Coast, Shore, or part of the same, [Page 132] betwixt the Bridge of London towards the West part, and the said Main Sea towards the East; And all his lawful Right, And Title to the same. Title, Interest, and demand what­soever which he hath or might have, claim, or pretend to have of, in, or to the premises, or any of them, by Ver­tue of the said Office of Great Admiral of England, or of our Letters Patents, da­ted at Westminster the eighth day of July in the seven and twentieth year of our Reign, made unto him of the said Office of Great Admiral of England, or of any Sentence or Clause therein con­tained or otherwise;Prays the Granting there­of to the Trini­ty-House. And hath besought us that we will be pleased to Give, Grant and Confirm the premises unto the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the Trinity-House of Deptford-Strond in our County of Kent.

And whereas he hath further by his said Deed of the date aforesaid also ful­ly,Surrenders also the Beaconage and Buoyage. wholly, and absolutely, Surrendred, yielded, and given up unto us, and into [Page 133] our hands, all his Right, Title, Interest, Authority, and demand whatsoever which he hath, or might have, Claim, Challenge, or pretend to have of, in, or to the making, Erecting, Setting up, Placeing or Laying out of all, or any Bea­cons, Buoyes, Marks, and Signs for the Sea, to be made, Erected, and Set up, Placed, or laid forth, in, or upon the Sea or Sea-Shores, Coasts near the Sea, or Ʋplands, or Forelands, or elsewhere near the Sea, by Vertue or Colour of the said Office of great Admiral of England, Letters Patents aforesaid, or otherwise howsoever.

And hath by his said Deed declared and made known,Declares the Right thereof to be in Trinity-House, by Act of Parliament. that albeit by the Letter of our said Letters Patents afore­said, the said Beaconage, and other the last recited premises are granted unto him, Yet it doth notwithstanding evi­dently appear unto him, that it is in and by one Statute or Act of Parliament, made in the Eighth Year of Our Reign, [Page 134] specially and expresly Ordained and En­acted, that the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity-House of the Deptford Strond aforesaid being a Com­pany incorporated, should and might lawfully by Vertue of the said Act, from time to time, at their Wills and Pleasures, and at their Costs and Char­ges, make, Erect, and Set up, such, and so many Beacons, Marks, and Signs for the Sea, in such Place, or Places of the Sea-shores, and Ʋplands near the Sea Coasts, or Forelands of the Sea, for Seamarks, as to them shall seem most meet, need­ful and requisite, whereby dangers may be avoided and escaped, and Ships the better come to their Ports without Peril: But for that the placing, and laying out of Buoyes in convenient Places of the Sea, and Channel, for passing into and out of Havens, and Rivers, being a thing most necessary to forewarn, shun, and pre­vent the Peril and danger of those pla­ces may yet be questioned upon, by the strict Letter of the said Statute, Not fully enough express'd in the said Act. or [Page 135] Act of Parliament, for that the said Buoyes be properly and naturally placed and laid out upon or within the Water of the Sea-Haven or River, and not on the Sea-shore, or Banks dry at any time, and doth therefore justly deserve some explanation.

In regard of which premises he doth further by his said Deed of the date a­foresaid, humbly also beseech us,Prays therefore a further confir­mation, and ex­planation there­of. that we will be further pleased to give, grant, confirm, and explain, in all ample and beneficial manner, unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity-House of Deptford Strond aforesaid, and their Successors for ever, the making, erect­ing, setting up, placing, and laying out, con­tinuing, renewing, and maintaining, from time to time, of all and every Beacon and Beacons, Buoy and Buoyes, Mark and Marks, Sign and Signs for the Sea, which at the time of the making the said Deed, were, or at any time hereafter shall be made, erected, set up, placed, or laid forth, at [Page 136] the costs and charges of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or of their Suc­cessors, in or upon the Sea, and Places Navigable, or Sea-shores, Coast near the Sea, or Ʋplands, or Forelands of this Our Realm of England, near unto the Sea or Seas of the same.

The Ballastage granted and con­firmed to the Trinity-House.Now know ye, That We of Our special Grace, certain knowledge, and meer motion, and for sundry good Rea­sons, Causes, and Considerations, Us e­specially moving, Have given, granted, confirmed, ratified, and approved, and by these presents do, for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors Give, Grant, Confirm, Rati­fie, and approve unto our loving and faith­ful Subjects the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity-House of Deptford Strond in Our County of Kent, and to their Successors for ever, the Lastage and Ballastage, and Office of Lastage and Balla­stage of all and all manner of Ships, and other Vessels whatsoever, coming or be­ing, or which hereafter at any time [Page 137] shall be coming, floating, lying or re­maining, issuing, passing, sailing, or going in, upon, to, or out of the River of the Thames or elsewhere, betwixt the Bridge of the City of London and the Main Sea, or any Wharf, Bank, Creek, Coast, Shore,, or any part of the same, or near or adjoyning thereunto, betwixt the Bridge of London aforesaid towards the West part, and the said Main Sea towards the East part, of what burthen soever such Ship Vessel or Vessels be, or shall be, and by what name or names soever, and in what kind or kinds soever, the such Ballastage or Lastage is or may be called, reputed, or known, exercised, or used.

And also the Beaconage and Buoyage, and the Office of Beaconage and Buoyage, The Beaconage and Buoyage al­so confirm'd to the Trinity-House. and the making, erecting, setting up, placing, and laying out, continuing, re­newing, and maintaining from time to time, and at all times, at their Costs and Charges, of all, every, and whatsoe­ver [Page 138] Beacon and Beacons, Buoy and Buoyes, Mark and Marks, Sign and Signs for the Sea, in any and whatsoever place and Places in, or upon the Sea, Places Naviga­ble, and Channels for passing into, or out of Havens, or Rivers, or Sea-shores, Coasts near the Sea, Ʋplands or Forelands, or other Places of our Realm of England near unto the Sea or Seas of the same, as to the said Master, Wardens, and Assi­stants, or their Successors, their Substi­tute or Substitutes, Deputy or Depu­ties, Assign or Assigns, shall from time to time seem meet, good, necessary, or convenient.

To enjoy the said Ballastage, Bea­conage and Buoyage for e­ver.To have and to hold the said Balla­stage and Lastage, and Office of Balla­stage and Lastage, and the said Beaco­nage and Buoyage, and Office of Beaconage and Buoyage, and all and every other the premises heretofore in these presents mentioned to be given, granted, rati­fied, and approved; with all and every Fees, Advantages, Sallaries, Profits, E­moluments, [Page 139] Commodities, and Rights, With all Fees, Profits, &c. thereunto be­ing. In­cidents and Appurtenances whatsoever to, for, out of, or by reason of all, or any of the premises any way due, paya­ble, accustomed, appertaining, or be­longing unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity-House of Deptford Strond aforesaid, and their Suc­cessors for ever, by themselves, their Sub­stitute or Substitutes, Deputy or Depu­ties, Assigne or Assigns to use, exercise, execute, and enjoy for ever.

And all and every the said premises to hold of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors,To hold them in free and common Soccage. as of our Manor of East Greenwich in Our said County of Kent in free and common Soccage, and not in Capite, or by Knight-Service, although express mention of the true yearly value, or of any other value, or other certainty of the premises, or of any of them, or of any Gifts or Grants by Us, or any Our Progeni­tors unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants before this time made, in these [Page 140] presents is not made; Or any Statute, Act, Provisoe, Ordinance, or Restraint thereof, or of any thing contained in these presents to the contrary made, had, Ordained, or provided, or any other want of Writ of Ad quod damnum, or any other thing, matter or Cause what­soever in any wise notwithstanding.

In Witness whereof, &c. Witness Our Self at Westminster, the Eleventh day of June, in the Six and Thirtieth Year of our Reign.

Per Breve de privato Sigillo Powle. Pro William Brenck.

THE GRANT OF King CHARLES, II. In the 17. Year of His Reign, OF THE BALLASTAGE In the RIVER of THAMES TO THE TRINITY-HOUSE.

CHARLES the Second by the Grace of God, King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith &c. To all whom these presents shall come, Greeting: Now, whereas Our late Royal Predeces­sor Queen Elizabeth of happy memory, by her Highness Letters Patents under [Page 142] her Great Seal of England, bearing date at Westminster the eleventh day of June, Q. Eliz. Grant of the Ballastage to the Trinity House recited. in the Six and thirtieth year of her Reign, did amongst other things, give grant, confirm, ratifie, and approve unto her loving and faithful Subjects the Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity House of Debtford-Strond in the County of Kent, and to their Successors for ever, The Lastage and Ballastage and Office of Lastage and Ballastage of all and all manner of Ships and other Ves­sels whatsoever, coming and being, or which then after at any time should be coming, floating, lying, or remaining, issuing, passing, sailing, or going in, up­on, to, or out of the River of Thames or elsewhere, betwixt the Bridge of the City of London and the Main Sea, or any Wharf, Bank, Creek, Coast, Shore, or any part of the same, or near, or adjoyning thereunto, betwixt the Bridge of London aforesaid towards the West part, and the Main Sea towards the East part, of what burthen soever such Ship or [Page 143] Ships, Vessel or Vessels were or should be, and by what name or names soever, and in what kind or kinds soever, the said Ballastage or Lastage is or might be called, reputed, or known, exercised, or used. To have and to hold, amongst o­ther things by the said Letters Patents granted, the Ballastage and Lastage, with all and every Fees, Advantages, Salaries, Profits, Emoluments, Commodities, and Rights, incidents and appurtenances whatsoever, to, for, or out of the pre­mises, any way due and payable, accu­stomed, appertaining, or belonging to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity House of Deptford Strond afore­said, and their Successors for ever, by themselves, their Substitute or Substitutes, Deputy or Deputies, Assign or Assigns, to use, exercise, execute, and enjoy for ever; and all and every the said Premises to hold of her said Majesty, her Heirs and Successors, as of her Manor of East Green­wich in the said County of Kent in free and common Soccage, and not in Capite nor by [Page 144] Knights service, as in and by the said Let­ters Patents more at large may appear.

The Reason for granting the Ballastage to Collonel Carlos.And whereas upon information gi­ven unto Us by Our trusty and well beloved Subject and Servant Colonel William Carlos of Brewed in the County of Stafford Esq. That if we should grant the said Soil and Gravel of our said River of Thames for Ballasting of Ships, that such our grant would not entrench up­on, or be prejudicial to the said Grant made to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Trinity House as afore­said; We did by Our Letters Patents un­der Our Great Seal of England bearing date at Westminster the Seventh day of February in the twelfth year of Our Reign grant,The Grant there­of to Colonel Carlos recited. demise, and to farm let, unto the said Colonel William Carlos, his Execu­tors, Administrators, and Assigns the Ballasting of all Ships and other Vessels whatsoever, riding or being, or then after to ride or be in the River of Thames, in as large and ample manner to all in­tents, [Page 145] constructions, and purposes, as we or any our Royal Progenitours or Prede­cessors Kings or Queens of this Realm, or any Our or their Lord Admiral or Ad­mirals of England for the time being, or any others theretofore had granted or enjoyed the same, or might, should, or ought to have, had, or enjoyed the same, and also the Gravel, Sand, and Soil of the said River of Thames, and every part and parcel thereof, and the cleansing of the said River from Shelves and other an­noyances: And further We did by the said Indenture of Demise give and grant unto the said Colonel William Carlos, his Executors, Administrrtors, and Assigns full power, priviledge, license, and au­thority, that he the said Collonel Wil­liam Carlos, his Executors, Administra­tors, and Assigns, and every of them, by himself, or by his or their Deputy or Deputies, Agents, Factors, Workmen, and Servants, or any of them from time to time, and at all times during the term in our said Indenture of Demise menti­oned, [Page 146] in all and every place and places whatsoever within the said River, being to the damage and annoyance of the same, at his, their, and every of their wills and pleasures should and might dig take up, draw forth, and raise for the better furnishing of Ships with Ballast, the said Gravel and Sand, and soil out of the said River by all such wayes and means, as he, they, or any of them should think fit, and the said Gravel and Soil, so by him, them, or any of them, raised and taken up, to land and lay on Shore upon any of Our wast ground, in all and e­very convenient place and places, and to take off the same, as his, or their, or any of their occasions should require, and upon any Wharfs, agreeing first with the Owners of the same; and he the said Col­lonel William Carlos, his Executors, Ad­ministrators, Deputies, and Assigns, sole­ly and only to convert, utter, dispose, and sell the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil, to and for the Ballasting of all or any Ship or Ships, Vessels and Boats whatsoever, [Page 147] which should have occasion to take or use Ballast within the said River, he the said Colonel Carlos, his Executors, Ad­ministrators, Deputies, and Assigns affor­ding and selling the same, at such rea­sonable and moderate rates and prizes as the River Ballast was then, and had for­merly been usually sold for ballasting of Ships. And we did likewise by our said Indenture of Demise strictly, will, require, and command all other person and per­sons, Bodies Politick and Corporate what­soever, during the Term thereby grant­ed, to forbear, to sell, vend, give, or utter, any Gravel, Sand, or Soil of the said Ri­ver, to or for the ballasting of any Ship or Ships, or other Vessels within the said Ri­ver, without license first had and obtain­ed in writing under the Hand and Seal of the said Colonel William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, or Assigns, or his or their Deputy or Deputies, or some of them, upon pain of our High dis­pleasure, and such further pains, penal­ties, and punishments, as by the Laws [Page 148] or Statutes of this Realm or otherwise should or might be inflicted on them, for their contempt of Our Royal Pleasure and Commandment in the premises. To have, hold, take, and enjoy the said Ballasting of Ships and other Vessels, the said Gravel and Soil of the said Ri­ver, and the cleansing thereof, in as large and ample manner and form, to all intent, constructions, and purposes whatsoever, as We, or any Our Royal Progenitours, or Predecessors, Kings or Queens of this Realm, or any Our or their Lord Admiral or Admirals of Eng­land, or any others had thentofore had granted or enjoyed the same, or might, should, or ought to have had and enjoy­ed the same, together with all and eve­ry the Licenses, Powers, Priviledges, Authorities, Profits, Commodities, and Advantages whatsoever, for the clean­sing of the said River as aforesaid, and other the Premises, unto him the said Colonel William Carlos, his Executors Administrators, and Assigns from the [Page 149] date of our said Letters Patents of De­mise, for and during the Term, and un­to the ful end and term of Thirty and one years from thence next ensuing, and fully to be compleat and ended; Yiel­ding and paying therefore yearly, and the said William Carlos, for himself, his Heirs, Executors, Administrators, and Assigns did covenant, promise, and grant, and agree to and with Us, our Heirs, and Successors by the said recited Indenture of Demise, to pay unto Us, our Heirs, and Successors, for and during the said Term of One and Thirty years, the yearly rent or Sum of One thousand Marks of lawful Mony of England into the Re­ceipt of Our Exchecquer at Westminster, at the Feasts of St. John the Baptist, and the Birth of our Lord God, or within forty days next after the same Feast, by even and equal Portions, as in and by the said Indenture of Demise (relation be­ing thereunto had) more at large appears.

And further reciting, that whereas [Page 150] divers Suits by reason of Our said In­denture of Demise,The Title to the Ballastage dis­puted between Trinity-House and Collonel Carlos, decided by the King. granted to the said Colonel William Carlos as aforesaid, did after arise, and were prosecuted in Our Name, between the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants of Trinity House afore­said, and the said Collonel William Car­los, touching the Right and Title to the Ballasting of Ships in the River of Thames, and interest of the Sand, Soil, And Gravel of Our said River of Thames, for the aforesaid use of ballasting of Ships as aforesaid, which Suits and Dif­ferences by Our mediation and inter­position We had then finally composed and that whereas the said William Car­los in pursuance of Our said final com­position and agreement,Carlos thereup­on surrenders to the King. by his Deed under his Hand and Seal, bearing date the two and twentieth day of May in in the Fifteenth year of our Reign, and inrolled in Our High Court of Chance­ry, granted, Surrendred, and yeilded up unto us all that the said Ballasting of Ships and other Vessels, the said Gravel and [Page 151] Soil of the said River of Thames, and the cleansing thereof, with all and every Li­censes, Powers, Priviledges, Authorities, Profits, Commodities, and Advantages whatsoever, for the cleansing of the said River as aforesaid, and other the premi­ses, which in and by the said recited In­denture of Demise were granted and de­mised, or mentioned to be granted or de­mised unto the said Col. William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and As­signs, and all the Estate, Right, Title, In­terest, Claim, and Demand whatsoever of him the said Col. William Carlos of and unto the same, and every part and par­cel thereof, together with the same In­denture of Demise to be cancelled or made void, as in and by the said Deed inrolled in our High Court of Chancery as aforesaid, more at large may appear, Which surrender we did then accept.

And whereas We by our Letters Pa­tents, The Grant of the Ballaststage 15 Car. 2. to the Trinity-House, recited. bearing date the eighteenth day of August in the Fifteenth year of our Reign, [Page 152] did, for the consideration therein expres­sed, give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Guild or Fraternity of the most glorious and undividable Trinity, and of St Clement in the Parish Church of Deptford Strond in Our said County of Kent, and to their Successors for ever, to and for the uses, intents, and purposes in the said Letters Patents mentioned, the Lastage, Ballastage, and ballasting or loading of Sand, Gravel, Earth, Chalk, Rubbish, Clay, Flints, Lime, Soap-ashes, Brick, Tyles, or any other things, Merchandizes or Commodities whatsoe­ver, taken from any Wharf, Creek, Coasts, or Shoar, upon or adjoyning to Our said River of Thames, for Lastage, Ballastage, or Loading, or used instead of such La­stage, Ballastage or Loading as aforesaid, together with the Office of Lastage and Ballastage, and Ballasting of all and all manner of Ships, Hoyes, Barks, Boats, or other Vessels whatsoever coming or be­ing, or which at any time then after should be coming, floating, lying, or re­maining [Page 153] issuing, passing, sailing, or go­ing in, upon, to, or out of the River of Thames or elsewhere, betwixt the Bridge of the City of London and the main Sea, or any Wharfe, Bank, Creek, Coast, Shoar, or any part of the same, or near, or adjoyning there­to, betwixt the Bridge of London a­foresaid toward the West part, and the said Main Sea towards the East part, of what Burthen soever such Ship or Ships, Vessel or Vessels, were, or should be, and by what other Name or Names soever, and in what kind or kinds soever the said Ballastage and Lastage, and ballasting, was or might be called, reputed, or known, Exerci­sed, or used. And further we did by the same Letters Patents, give and Grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Trinity-House of Deptford Strond, in our said County of Kent, and their Successors for ever, to, and for the Uses, intents, and pur­poses aforesaid, the Gravel, Sand, and [Page 154] Soil of the said River of Thames, or any part and parcel thereof, for the balla­sting of Ships or other Vessels, and for any other Use, or Uses whatsoever.

And all our Wast Grounds to the said River belonging,All the wast Grounds, &c. belonging to the River of Thames, grant­ed also to the Trinity-House. with all Purprestures, Incroachments, Improvements, Advanta­ges, and Profits, in, or upon the same, which should or might appertain, or a­ny way of right belong to Us, Our Heirs, or Successors, from the Bridge of Staines to the Water of Medway. And further We did give, and Grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the Trinity-House aforesaid, and their Suc­cessors for ever, full Power, Priviledg, and Authority, That they and their Successors by themselves, or by their Deputy, or Deputies, Agents, Factors, Workmen, and Servants, or any of them, from time to time, and at all times for ever thenafter, in all and every Place and Places whatsoever within the said River, being to the [Page 155] Damage and annoyance of the same, at their and every of their Wills and Plea­sures, should and might dig, take up, draw forth, and raise, for the better fur­nishing of Ships with ballast, the said Gravel, Sand, or Soil out of the said River, by all such ways and means, as they or any of them should think fit, so as the said River might not be an­noyed and made Dangerous to Ships, Lighters, Boats, and other Vessels there­in passing; and the said Gravel and Soil, so by them, or any of them rai­sed and taken up for the Uses aforesaid, to Land and lay on Shoar upon any of our wast ground, in all and every con­venient Place and Places, and to take off the same, as their or any of their oc­casions should require, and upon any Wharfe or Wharfes built, encroached, or gained, or which at any time then after should be built, encroached, or gained from or upon our River of Thames, for the better supply of Dry Ballast, for all such Ships and other [Page 156] Vessels as should carry Cloath, and other like dry Goods; And they the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, Deputies, and Assigns, sole­ly and only to convert, utter, dispose, and sell the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil of Our River aforesaid. To have, hold, take, and enjoy the said Ballastage and Lastage, and Office of Ballastage and Lastage, the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil of the said River, and the said wast grounds thereunto belonging, and all and ever other the premises thento­fore, in, and by the said Letters Pa­tents, given and granted, or mentio­ned to be given and granted, with all and every Fees, Advantagcs, Sallaries, Profits, Emoluments, Commodities, and Rights, Incidents, and Appurtenances whatsoever, to, for, out of, or by rea­son of all or any of the premises, any way due, payable, accustomed, apper­taining or belonging unto the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity-House of Deptford-Strond aforesaid, and [Page 157] their Successors for ever, by themselves their Substitute or Substitutes, Deputy or Deputies, Assign or Assigns, to Use, Exercise, Execute, and enjoy for e­ver, for the use and benefit of the Poor aforesaid, and to no other use, intent, or purpose whatsoever: And all and every the said premises, to hold of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, as of our Man­nour of East Greenwich in our said Coun­ty of Kent, in Free and Common Soc­cage, and not in Capite, nor by Knights Service, under the Yearly Rent or Sum of One Thousand Marks of lawful Mony of England, payable unto the said William Carlos his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, for and during the full End and Term of One and Thirty years, to Commence from the Feast of the Annunci­on of the Blessed Virgin Mary last past, before the date of our said Letters Patents, and from thenceforth fully to be com­pleat and ended as in and by Our said Letters Patents, amongst other things therein contained, relation be­ing [Page 158] thereunto had, more plainly and at large it doth and may appear.

The first Grant, surrendred by the Trinity-House, by rea­son of some doubts arising thereupon.And whereas certain Controversies, doubts, and questions have arisen con­cerning our said Grant to the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Trinity-House of Deptford Strond, where­upon the said Master, Wardens, and As­sistants, by their Deed under their com­mon Seal, bearing date the ninth day of December last past, before the date of these presents, and inrolled in our high Court of Chancery, have granted sur­rendred, and yielded up unto us the said Lastage, and Ballastage, and Office of Lastage, and Ballastage, and Balla­sting of all, and all manner of Ships and other Vessels aforesaid, and all the Wasts, Wast-Grounds, Gravel, Sand, and Soil a­foresaid, and all and singular the Fees, Advantages, Sallaries, Profits, Liberties, Priviledges, Emoluments, Commodities, and Rights, Incidents, and Appurtenan­ces whatsoever, to, for, out of, or by [Page 159] reason of all, or any the premises, any way due, payable, accustomed, ap­pertaining or belonging, in or by Our Letters Patents granted, or menti­oned to be granted; And also all the Estate, Right, Title, Interest, Claim, and Demand whatsoever, of them the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the Trinity House of Deptford-Strond aforesaid, of, in, and unto the said Lastage, and Ballastage, and Office of Lastage and Ballastage, or Ballasting aforesaid, and of, in, or unto the said Wasts, Wast­ground, Gravel, Sand, and Soil, or a­ny part thereof, and of, in, and to all and singular other the Fees, advanta­ges, sallaries, profits, Liberties, privi­ledges, emoluments, commodities, and all other things whatsoever thereunto, or any part thereof, belonging or ap­pertaining, or there withall, by our Letters Patents aforesaid, Granted, or mentioned, or intended to be Granted, together with our Letters Patents a­foresaid, to be Cancelled and made void, [Page 160] which said Surrender we have accepted of, and by these presents do accept.

The Ballastage, regranted to the Trinity-House, for the relief of poor Seamen, their Wives, &c.Now whereas many decayed Seamen, their Wives, Widdows, and Orphans, have from time to time received good relief by the hands of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said Tri­nity House of Deptford Strond, out of the Lastage and Ballastage, raised and taken forth of our said River of Thames, for Ballasting of Ships and other Ves­sels; Know ye, that we, as well for the considerations aforesaid, as for the con­sideration of the said Surrender, and for divers other good causes and considera­tions Us hereunto especially moving, of Our especial Grace, certain Know­ledge, and meer motion, have Given and Granted, and by these presents, for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, do give and Grant unto the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants of the said Guild, or Fraternity, of the most Glorious and individable Trinity, and of St. Clement, [Page 161] in the Parish Church of Deptford Strond in our said County of Kent, and to their Successors for ever, to and for the uses, intents, and purposes afore­said, the Lastage, Ballastage, and Ballasting or loading of Sand, Gravel, Soil, Stones, What to be ac­coun [...]ed Ballast Earth, Chalk, Rubbish, Clay, Flints, Lime, Soape Ashes, Bricks, Tyles, or a­ny other things, Merchandizes, or Com­modities whatsoever, taken from a­ny Wharfe, Creek, Coast, Bank, or Shoar upon, or adjoyning to our said River of Thames, for Lastage, Ballastage, and Ballasting or Loading, or used instead of such Lastage, Ballasting or Loading as aforesaid,The Ballast of all Vessels pas­sing between the Bridge of Lon­don, and the main Sea. Together with the Office of Lastage and Ballastage, and ballasting of all and all manner of Ships, Hoyes, Boats, Barks, and all other Vessels whatsoever, coming or being, or which hereafter at any time shall be coming, floating, lying or remaining, issuing, passing, sailing or going in, upon, to, or out of the River Thames, or elsewhere, betwixt the Bridge of the [Page 162] City of London and the Main Sea, or any Wharfe, Bank, Greek, Coast, shoar, or any part of the same, or near or adjoyning thereunto, betwixt the Bridge of London aforesaid towards the West part, and the said Main Sea towards the East part, of what Burthen soever such Ship or Ships, Vessel or Vessels be, or shall be, and by what other Name or Names soever, and in what kind or kinds soever the said Bal­lastage or Lastage is, or may be called, reputed, known, exercised, or used.

Grant also of the Gravel, Sand, and Soil, of the River, to the Trinity-House.And further, We do by these presents for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, Give and Grant unto the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants, of the said Trinity-House of Deptford Strond, in Our said County of Kent, and their Successors for ever, to, and for the uses, intents, and purposes aforesaid, the Gravel, Sand, and Soil, of the said River of Thames, and every part and parcel thereof for the Ballasting of Ships and other Vessels; [Page 163] And further, We have given and Grant­ed, and by these presents, for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, do give and Grant to the said Master, Wardens, and As­stants of Trinity House aforesaid, and their Successors for ever, full power, priviledge, and authority, that they and their Successors, by themselves or by their Deputy or Deputies, Agents, Fa­ctors, Workmen and Servants, or any of them, from time to time, and at all times for ever hereafter, in all and every place and places whatsoever,To dig, and take up the said Gravel, &c. as they shall think fit, so it annoy not the River. within the said River, being to the da­mage and annoyance of the same, at their and every of their Wills and pleasures, shall and may dig, take up, draw-forth, and raise, for the better furnishing of Ships with ballast, the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil, out of the said River, by all such ways and means, as they or any of them shall think fit, so as the said River may not be annoyed and made dangerous to Ships, Lighters, Boats, and other Vessels therein passing; and [Page 164] the said Geavel, Sand, and Soil so by them, or any of them, raised and ta­ken up for the use aforesaid, to Land, and lay on shore on any of our Wast grounds (other then,To lay the same, ashore on any Wast-ground, not granted to others. and except on such wast grounds, or Wharfes, as are al­ready granted, or shall be granted by Us, our Heirs, and Successors, to our trusty and well beloved Servants, Sir Robert Killigrew Knight, and Edward Progers Esq; one of the Grooms of our Bed Chamber) and every convenient Place or Places, and to take off the same as their or any of their occasions shall require, And upon any Wharfe or Wharfes built,And upon any Wharfe, agree­ing with the Owners for the same. or which at any time hereafter shall be built upon our River of Thames, for the better supply of dry Ballast, for all such Ships and other Ves­sels as shall carry Cloath, and other like Dry goods, they first agreeing with the Owners thereof for the same;And they only to fell the same. And they the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, Deputies, and As­signs, solely, and only to convert, utter, [Page 165] dispose, and sell the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil, of Our River aforesaid.

To have, hold, take, To enjoy the said Ballastage, &c. with all the Fees and Pro­fits thereof for ever. and enjoy the said Ballastage and Lastage, and Office of Ballastage and Lastage, the said Gravel, Sand, and Soil of the said River, in and by these presents, given and Grant­ed, or mentioned to be given or Grant­ed, with all and every fees, advantages, sallaries, profits, emoluments, Commodi­ties, and rights, incidents, and appurte­nances whatsoever, to, for, out of, or by reason of all, or any of the premises, any way due payable, accustomed, ap­pertaining or belonging unto the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants of the Tri­nity House of Deptford Strond, and their Successors for ever, by themselves their Substitute or Substitutes, Deputy or Deputies, Assign, or Assigns, to use, Exercise, Execute, and enjoy for ever, for the Ʋse and benefit of the Poor For the Ʋse and benefit of the Poor. a­foresaid, and to no other use, intent, or purpose whatsoever; And all and every [Page 166] the said premises to hold of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, as of our Mannor of East Greenwich, in our said County of Kent, in free and common Soccage, and not in Capite nor by Knights service.Paying Carlos yearly 1000 Marks for the remainder of 31 years. Yeilding, and paying, and the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants of Trinity House aforesaid, for themselves, and their Suc­cessors, do Covenant, Promise, Grant, and agree to and with Us, Our Heirs and Successors, by these presents, to yield, and pay, or cause to be yielded and payed to the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and As­signs, for and during the residue and remainder of the said Term of One and thirty years, heretofore granted to the said William Carlos as aforesaid, the year­ly Rent or Sum of one Thousand Marks of lawful Mony of England, at the Feasts of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and St. Michael the Arch­angel, by even and equal portions, or within forty days next after either of the same Feasts.

And the said Master, Wardens, Trinity-House Covenants to take up their Gravel, &c. from such shelfes as are dangerous to shipping. and Assistants of Trinity House, do hereby Covenant and promise, that they, and their Successors, shall and will by the best means and ways they can, provide and take care, that the Gravel, Sand and Soil by them to be taken out of the said River, be raised and taken out, and from such shelves and places of the said River, as are or shall be of Danger to shipping in the said River, and for the bettering and more safety of the same; And the said Master, Wardens, To have suffici­ent number of Lighters for ballasting Ships. and As­sistants, for themselves and their Suc­cessors, do further Covenant, promise, and agree, to and with Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, by these presents, that they, and their Successors, and Assigns, or some of them, shall and will, at their own proper Costs and Charges, pro­vide, and have such numbers of Ligh­ters, great and small, as shall be from time to time sufficient upon all Occasi­ons, for the Exporting and the Importing of the said Ballast, as well to and from [Page 168] the said Wharfes, as unto all such Ships Barks, or Vessels, that shall have use of the same,Lighters to be Gaged and marked to pre­vent deceit. which said Lighters shall be justly gaged and marked, that the Bur­then and bigness of such Lighters may be certainly known, to the End that all abuses and deceits, between the buy­ers and sellers of the said Gravel and Sand, either in the quantity or weight thereof, may from time to time be prevented and avoided, And that they the said Master, Wardens and Assistants, and their Successors, Deputies, Agents, and Assigns, shall and will, from time to time for ever hereafter, provide, utter, furnish and sell the said Gravel, Ballast to be sold at the Rates accusto­med. Sand, and Soil, for the Ballasting of all Ships, Barks, and Vessels in the said River, that shall have use thereof, at the rates and prises accustomed; provided payment be made within six Tydes, Payment to be made there­fore within six Tydes, or to pay double. after the de­livery thereof, or else to pay double the accustomed Duty.

And further, of Our more especial [Page 169] Grace, Certain Knowledge, and meer motion, as well for the consideration a­foresaid, as also for the better advance­ment of the said work of cleansing the said River, and the more speedy and effectual performance, perfecting,Gives all Fines set or impos'd, for removal of shelves &c. in the River. and accomplishment of the same, so much tending to the benefit of the Common­wealth, We have given and Granted, and by these presents for Us Our Heirs, and Successors, do give and grant unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of Trinity house aforesaid, and their Suc­cessors, Deputies, and Assigns, all and singular Contributions, Fines, and other Sum and Sums of Mony whatsoever, which have been taken, or hereafter shall be set, or imposed upon any per­son or persons whatsoever, City, or Town Corporate, by all or any Acts of Parli­ament, or by any Commission or Commis­sions of Sewers or otherwise, for, or to­wards the removing of Shelves, and o­ther annoyances in the said River, which are, shall, or may appertain,How to be re­cover'd. [Page 170] or any way in right belong to Ʋs. Our Heirs,How to be re­cover'd. and Successors; Together with full power, and absolute Authority unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of Trinity-House aforesaid, and their Successors, and Assigns to sue for, reco­ver, receive and take the said contribu­tions, fines, and other Sum and Sums of mony as aforesaid, either in the name of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, or otherwise, in the Name of the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity-House aforesaid, their Successors and Assigns,The Treasurer, and all Offi­cers of the Exchecquer, commanded to assist them therein. in any of our Courts or else­where, for and towards the cleansing of the said River, from shelves and o­ther Annoyances. And Our further Will and Pleasure is, And We do here­by authorize and require our Treasurer, Chancellour, Ʋnder Treasurer, Chamber­lains, and Barons of our Exchecquer, for the time being, and also our Attor­ney General for the time being, and all and every the Officers and Ministers of our said Court for the time being, and [Page 171] whom it shall and may concern, that they and every of them, at the desire and request of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity-House aforesaid, their Successors, Deputies, and Assigns, and at their Own proper Costs and Char­ges, do award, make, and deliver, or cause to be awarded, made, and delive­red unto him, them, or any of them, all and every Writ and Writs, Processes, Judg­ments, Executions and Proceedings, in the Name of Us, our Heirs, and Suc­cessors, as shall, or may be necessary, for the more speedy recovery of the said Contributions, Fines, and other Sum and Sums of Mony, that shall be so behind and unpaid as aforesaid, and as are agreeable unto, and may stand and consist with the Ancient Course and practice of Our said Court of Exchecquer heretofore used for recovering of debts, and that they and every of them, be from time to time, aiding and Assisting to the said Master, Wardens, and Assis­tants of Trinity-House aforesaid, and their [Page 172] Successors and Assigns,To pay the King One third part of all the said Fines upon Oath. in the premises, as it becometh in their several Places re­spectively; And the said Master, War­dens and Assistants, for themselves, and their Successors, do Covenant, promise, Grant, and agree to, and with Ʋs, Our Heirs, and Successors, by these presents to render an Accompt upon Oath, and pay unto Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, into Our Exchequer at Westminster, at the said Feasts of St. Michael the Arch­angel, and the Annunciation of the Bles­sed Virgin Mary, one full and whole Third part (in three parts to be divi­ded) of all the clear profit, of all and every the aforesaid Contributions, Fines, and Forfeitures aforesaid, which shall be or may be by them, or their Succes­sors, obtained, recovered, and received as aforesaid, over, above, and besides the aforesaid yearly Rent, of one Thou­sand Marks, before, in, and by these presents, reserved, and Covenanted to be paid to the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, a [...] aforesaid.

And to the End the said Service herein may the better be performed, and that neither the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants of Trinity-House afore­said, and their Successors, Deputies, Servants or Assigns, or any of them, may be hin­dred or Letted in the managing of the said work of Ballasting of Ships, and cleansing of the said River aforesaid,Trinity-House with its servants, workmen, &c. exempted from all Offices Civil and Military. Our further Will and Pleasure is, And We do hereby for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, strictly charge, will, require, and com­mand, all and every Our Officers and Ministers whomsoever, and all others to whom it shall or may appertain, that they and every of them do for­bear to arrest, press, Their Boats and Lighters also not to be press'd. or take for the Service of Ʋs, Our Heirs, or Successors, or personally to serve in any Office or Place, military or Civil, any person or persons being members of the said Cor­poration, or any the Officers, Factors, Workmen, or Servants, or any the Boats, Lighters, or other Vessels of the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, or their [Page 174] Successors, Deputies, or Assigns, or any of them imployed, or to be imployed in and about the said ballasting of Ships, and the said work of cleansing the said River as aforesaid, Except We, Our Heirs,Except by order of Council. and Successors; or the Lords and others of our, or their Privy Coun­cil for the time being, shall be first ac­quainted therewith, and his and their Li­cense shall be had and obtained in that behalf.

And We do further by these presents, for Us,Acquits them from all Claims of any Lord Admiral for the time to come. Our Heirs, and Successors, Co­venant, promise, and grant, to and with the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of Trinity-House aforesaid, and their Successors, that We, Our Heirs, and Successors, shall and will, from time to time, and at all and every time and times hereafter, free, acquit, discharge, exonerate and save harmless, the said Ma­ster, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, off and from all Claims, In­terests, and demands whatsoever, which [Page 175] any Lord Admiral or Admirals shall or may make, or pretend to have in and to the Ballasting of any Ships, Barks or other Vessels within the said River, before, in, and by these presents given and granted, or any part or par­cel thereof.

Provided always,Provision for due payment of Carlos's Rent, And Our Will and Pleasure is, And the said Master, War­dens, and Assistants, for themselves and their Successors, do by these presents Covenant, promise and agree, not on­ly to and with Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, but also, to and with the said William Carlos, his Executors, Ad­ministrators, and Assigns, and every of them, that if it shall happen the said Yearly Rent of One Thousand Marks, herein before reserved and payable to and for the use of the said William Car­los, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, to be behind or unpaid, in part or in all, by the space of one month next and immediately insuing the said [Page 176] forty days of either of the said Feasts, To pay him five pound for e­very Month, after the rent is due. in which the same ought to be paid as aforesaid, that the said Master, VVar­dens, and Assistans of Trinity House a­foresaid, shall and will forfeit and pay, or cause to be forfeited and paid unto the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, for every month after the said forty days, where­in the same ought to be paid as afore­said, the sums of five pounds, in the Name of a Pain, to and for the further Ʋse and benefit of the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns. And that the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, may the better recover the said yearly rent of One Thousand Marks, and the said Sum of five pounds (nomi­nae penae) reserved and payable as afore­said; Our Will and Pleasure is, and of Our especial Grace, certain know­ledge,Carlos may sue for Non-Pay­ment. and meer motion, We have gi­ven and Granted, and by these presents for Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, do [Page 177] give and Grant unto the said William Carlos, his Executors, Administrators, and Assigns, full Power, License, and Authority, by all lawful ways and means, to sue, implead, and prosecute, or cause be sued, impleaded, and prosecu­ted, in our Court of Exchecquer, in the Name of Us, Our Heirs, and Succes­sors, or in his own Name, or the Name of his Executors, Administrators or Assigns, but at his and their own pro­per costs and charges, the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the Tri­nity House aforesaid, and their Succes­sors, as well for the said yearly rent of One Thousand Marks, as also for the said sume of five pounds, so reserved and payable as aforesaid, and every part and parcel thereof. And Our further will and Pleasure is,The Treasurer and all other: the Officers of the Exchecquer, commanded to assist him there­in. and We do hereby autho­rize, and require our Treasurer, Chan­cellour, Ʋnder Treasurer, Chamberlains, and Barons of Our Exchecquer for the time being, and also our Attorny Gene­ral for the time being, and all and e­very [Page 178] the Officers and Ministers of our said Court for the time being, whom it shall or may concern, That they and every of them at the desire and request of the said William Carlos his Execu­tors, Administrators, and Assigns, and at his and their Own proper costs and charges, do award, make, and deliver, or cause to be awarded, made and delive­red unto him, them, or any of them, all and every such Writ and Writs, Pro­cess, Judgments, Executions, and proceed­ings, in the Name of Us, Our Heirs, and Successors, as shall or may be ne­cessary for the more speedy recovery, as well of the said yearly Rent of one thousand Marks, as of the said Sum of five pounds (nominae penae) that shall be so behind and unpaid as aforesaid, and as are agreeable unto, and may stand and consist with the Ancient course and practice of our said Exchecquer, heretofore used for recovery of Debts, and that they and every of them be from time to time aiding and Assisting [Page 179] to the said William Carlos, his Execu­tors, Administrators, and Assigns, in the premises, as it becometh in their several places respectively:Exchecquer to pay Carlos all Mony recover'd and paid there­into, without Fee. And Our further Will and Pleasure is, that in case upon any such Suit or Suits to be made and prosecuted in Our Name as aforesaid, or otherwise, the said Rent of One Thousand Marks, or any part or parcel thereof shall be recover'd and paid into Our Exchecquer, That then We do by these presents, for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, authorize and require our said Treasurer, Chancellour, Ʋnder Treasurer, Chamberlains, and Barons of our Exchecquer, and all other the Offi­cers and Ministers of Our said Court, now and for the time being, that they and every of them respectively do from time to time, issue and pay, or cause to be issued and paid unto the said Willi­am Carlos, his Executors, Administra­tors, or Assigns, to his and their own use and uses, all such Sum and Sums of Mony so paid into our Exchecquer as [Page 180] aforesaid, without accompt, or any Fee or Fees to be rendred, made or given for the same; And these Our Letters Patents, or the exemplification or dupli­cate thereof, shall be unto our said Of­ficers and Ministers of our said Exchec­quer, a sufficient Warrant and discharge in that behalf.

Provided nevertheless, and the said Master, Ballast not to annoy any of the King's Palla­ces. Wardens, and Assistants, of Trini­ty House aforesaid, for them and their Successors, do hereby Covenant, pro­mise, and agree, to and with Ʋs, Our Heirs and Successors, that they nor any of their Agents, Factors, Servants, De­puties or Assigns, shall and will do any thing that shall be prejudicial, nusant, or Obnoxious to any of our Pallaces, Hou­ses or buildings, in Our said County of Kent, Nor to be laid on any Wast-Ground, or Wharfe granted to others. nor that they nor any of them, shall and will lay, or cause to be layed, any Gravel, Sand, Soil, or other thing for Ballastage, upon any the wast grounds or Wharfes already Granted, or that [Page 181] shall be hereafter granted by Us, un­to them the said Robert Killigrew Knight, and Edward Progers Esquire, or do any other thing that may in any wise in­fringe or intrench upon the wast grounds or Wharfes already granted, or which shall be hereafter granted unto them the said Sir Robert Killigrew and Ed­ward Progers, any thing in these pre­sents contained to the contrary in any wise notwithstanding.

Provided also, that if the said Master, This Grant to be inroll'd with­in six Months. Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity House aforesaid, or their Successors, shall not within six Months, next after the date hereof, cause these our Letters Patents, and the said yearly Rent, and Sums of Mony, as well reserved and payable un­to Ʋs, Our Heirs, and Successors, as unto the said William Carlos, his Exe­cutors, Administrators, and Assigns, to be duely entered, and put in charge with the Auditor of Our Revenue for the Ci­ty of London, With the Kings Auditor for London, and Clerk of the Pipe. and these Our Letters [Page 182] Patents to be also enrolled with the Clerk of the Pipe in the Exchecquer, to the End the said yearly Rent, or Sums of Mony, may be duely charged, answered, and paid according to the in­tent and meaning of these Presents; That then, and in every such Case, the said Master, VVardens, and Assistants, and their Successors shall forfeit and pay to Us,Or to forfeit Ten pound for every six Months de­fault. Our Heirs and Successors, for every six Months default of such Enrole­ment as aforesaid, the Sum of Ten pounds (Nominae penae,) until these our Letters Patents shall be duely entered, and In­rolled as aforesaid.

Several Lords of the Council, assign'd to hear and redress all complaints about the Ballastage.And Our further Will and Pleasure is, And We do by these presents, for Us, Our Heirs and Successors, declare, will, and ordain, that it shall and may be lawful to and for the Lord Chan­cellor of England, Or Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, Lord Trea­surer, Lord President of our Privy Coun­cil, and Lord Privy Seal, or any of [Page 183] them, calling both the Chief Justices of either Bench, or One of them, up­on all and every Complaints to be made by the said Master, Wardens, and Assi­stants, or their Deputies, Substitutes, and Assigns, of any Offences, or other mat­ters or things touching and concerning the Ballasting of Ships or Vessels, and other the premises as aforesaid, contra­ry to the true meaning of these pre­sents, from time to time to hear, and finally to determine every such complaint, matter, and thing by their Discretions, and to put such Order therein, according to the intent of these presents, as by their discretions shall seem most conve­nient for the Conservation of the said River of Thames; Parties offend­ing their order to suffer Fine and imprison­ment. and the parties offen­ding such Order to suffer Imprisonment and Fine, to the use of Us, Our Heirs and Successors, according to the intent of the Statute in that behalf made and provided.27 Henry 8. Chap. 18.

And to the End, the said Master, [Page 184] Wardens, and their Assistants, their Suc­cessors, Deputies, and Assigns, may be the better enabled to receive, and recover the Duties and Fees belonging to the said Of­fice, Our Will and pleasure is, and we do hereby for Us,Officers of the Customs at Lon­don to clear no ship, till the Duties to the Ballast Office be paid. our Heirs, and Successors, streightly Charge and Command our Officers, and other Persons whatsoever imployed in our Customs, and the Customs of our Heirs and Successors, in our Port of London, and our Of­ficers imployed in the Office called the Searchers Office, Coast or Cocket Office, and others whatsoever, not to Give or Deliver, or permit to be Given or Delivered, any Cocket, Content, or other Clearing-Bill, or Discharge to any Ship or other Vessel whatsoever, whether bound over Sea, or Trading Ships or Vessels called Coasters, un­til the Duties and Fees belonging to the said Ballast Office be paid to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Deputies and Assigns, and that Certificates thereof be produced [Page 185] under the hands of the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Deputy or Deputies for that purpose appointed: And we do further by these presents command all Searchers at Gravesend, Nor searchers at Gravesend to clear any Ship, without Certifi­cate from the Trinity-House of the said Du­ties being paid. that they do not permit any Ship or other Vessels whatsoever to be cleared, or pro­ceed to Sea or pass away, without Cer­tificate from the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Deputies or As­signs, that the said Fees and Duties are paid as aforesaid, as they will answer the contrary at their utmost Perils. And the said Officers of our Customs, and Searchers are hereby Commanded to make good all such loss and damage, Or to make good all losses. as shall from time to time happen to be sustained by their defaults respectively.

And We do hereby for Us,This Grant to be renewed and strengthned when and as often as desired. Our Heirs, and Successors, further promise, and Grant unto the aforesaid Master, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity-House aforesaid, and to their Successors, that if, and as often as any doubts or que­stions [Page 186] shall happen to arise, for, touching, or concerng the Validity of these Our Letters Patents, that then and so often, upon the humble Petition of the afore­said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, to Ʋs, Our Heirs, and Successors exhibited, or upon No­tice and Certificate to Us, Our Heirs and Successors, by the Learned Council of the aforesaid Master, Wardens, and Assistants, or their Successors, touching any defect requisite to be amended, We our Heirs, and Successors, will grati­ously grant other Letters Patents unto the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants, with such and so many Amendments, Explanations, Amplifications, and Additi­ons, for supplying the said defects re­quisite to be amended, as by the Coun­cil of the aforesaid Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and their Successors, shall be advised, devised, or required.

And lastly, our Will and Pleasure is, that these presents shall be Good and [Page 187] Effectual in the Law to all Intents and Purposes,No Former Grants, nor Errors in Reci­tal, or Omissions are to hurt this Grant. notwithstanding any former Grant or Grants heretofore Made or Granted of the Premises, or any part or parcel thereof, by Ʋs, or any of Our Progenitors, unto any Person or Persons whatsoever; Or the not Reciteing, or not truly Reciteing of such Grants or any of them, Although Express Mention of the true Yearly value or Certainty of the Premises, or of any of them, or of any Other Gifts or Grants by Ʋs, or by any of Our Progenitors or Predecessors, heretofore made to the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants of Trinity House aforesaid, in these Presents is not made; or any Statute, Act, Ordinance, Provision, Proclamation, or Restriction heretofore Had, Made, Enacted, Ordained, or Pro­vided, or any other Matter, Cause, or Thing whatsoever to the Contrary thereof in any wise Notwithstanding. In Witness whereof We have caused these our Letters to be made Patents, Witness [Page 188] our Self at Westminster, the Four and Twentieth day of June, in the Seventeenth Year of our Reign.

By Writ of Privy Seal: VYNER.

By the King. A PROCLAMATION For Prohibiting Dirt-Boats, and Bum-Boats, upon the River of Thames.

Charles R.

WHereas several Dirt-Boats, and Bum-Boats, do usu­ally pass to and fro upon the Ri­ver of Thames, the Owners where­of will not submit to the Government of the Company of VVatermen, nor any other Regulation whatsoever; But under pretence of Fetching Dirt, and Furnishing necessary Provisions on Board such Ships as are in the River, do commit divers Thefts and Robberies, and practice several other Insufferable Misdemeanours, and sometimes endanger the Fireing [Page 190] His Majesties own Ships, as also the Ships of divers Merchants Riding in the River, by coming in the Night-time to assist such as are left on Board the Ships, in the Imbezlement of the Goods, Stores, or Tackling, Intrusted to their Char­ges: His Majesty therefore, by Advice of His Privy Council, hath thought fit to Publish this His Royal Proclamation, And doth here­by straitly Charge and Command all and every person and persons whom it doth or may concern, That they presume not henceforth to use any such Dirt-Boats or Bum-Boats upon any pretence or occasion whatsoever, as they will answer the contrary at their utmost Perils. And if any such Boats shall hereafter be found upon the River of Thames, contrary to the Tenour of this His Majesties Proclamation, His Maje­sty doth hereby straitly Charge and Command the Master, Wardens, [Page 191] Assistans, and Brethren of the Trinity House, the Officers of His Majesties Yards, and the Masters and Rulers of the Company of VVatermen for the time being, and others whom it may concern, That they cause such Dirt-Boats and Bum-Boats to be Seiz­ed, and the persons so using the same, to be Arrested and brought before His Majesty and His Privy Council; And that they do from time to time take strict care that this His Maje­sties Proclamation may be duely put in Execution.

GOD SAVE THE KING.

By the King, A PROCLAMATION For Regulating the Colours to be worn on Merchants Ships.

Charles R.

WHereas by ancient Vsage no Merchants Ship ought to bear the Iack, which is for Distinction appointed for His Majesties Ships; Nevertheless, His Majesty is informed, That divers of His Majesties Subjects have of late presumed to wear His Maiestis Iack on board their Ships employed in Merchants Affairs, and thinking to evade the Punishment due for the same, bear Iacks in Shape and mixture of Co­lours, [Page 193] so little different from those of His Maiesty, as not to be with­out difficulty distinguished there from; Which practice is found attended with manifold Inconveniences: For prevention whereof for the future His Maiesty hath thought fit, with the Advice of His Privy Council, by this His Royal Proclamation, strictly to Charge and Command all His Subiects whatsoever. That from henceforth they do not pre­sume to wear His Majesties Iack (commony called, The Union Jack) in any of their Ships or Vessels, without particular Warrant for their so doing from His Majesty, or the Lord High Admiral of Eng­land, or the Commissioners for Exe­cuting the Office of Lord High Ad­miral for the time being; And His Majesty doth hereby further Com­mand all His Loving Subjects, That without such Warrant as a­foresaid, they presume not to wear [Page 194] on board their Ships or Vessels, any Iacks made in imitation of His Ma­jesties, or any other Flags, Iacks or Ensigns whatsoever, then those usual­ly heretofore worn on Merchants Ships, viz. The Flag and Iack white, with a Red Cross, (com­monly called Saint George's Cross) pas­sing quite through the same; And the Ensign Red, with the like Cross in a Canton White, at the upper Corner thereof next to the Staff.

And His Majesty doth hereby re­quire the principal Officers and Com­missoners of His Navy, Governours of His Forts and Castles, the Offi­cers of his Customs, and Comman­ders or Officers of any of His Maje­sties Ships; or upon their meeting with, or otherwise observing any Merchants Ships or Vessels of His Majesties Subjects wearing such a Flag, Iack, or Ensign contrary here­unto, whether at Sea, or in Port, not onely to cause such Flag, Iack, or [Page 195] Ensign to be forthwith Seised, but to return the Names of the said Ships and Vessels, together with the Names of their respective Ma­sters, unto the Lord High Admiral, Lords Commissioners of the Admi­ralty, or the Iudge of the High Court of Admiralty for the time being, to the end the persons offending may be duly Punished for the same.

And His Majesty doth hereby Com­mand and Enjoyn the Iudge and Iudges of the High Court of Ad­miralty for the time being, that at the several Sessions to be hereafter held by His Majesties Commission of Oyer and Terminer for the Admi­ralty, they give in Charge, that strict enquiry be made of all Offen­ces in the Premisses, and that they cause all offenders therein to be duly punished: And all Vice-Admirals, and Iudges of Vice-Admiralties, are also to do the same, and to attend the due observation hereof within [Page 196] the several Ports and Places of their respective Precincts.

By His Majesties Command.

GOD SAVE THE KING.

ORDERS, CONSTITUTION …

ORDERS, CONSTITUTIONS, AND BY-LAWS, Made by the Master, VVardens, and Assistants, of the Guild, Fraternity or Brotherhood, of the most Glorious and Individable TRINITY, AND OF St. CLEMENT in the Parish of Dept­ford-Strond, in the County of Kent. Touching the Conservation, good Estate, wholesome Go­vernment, Maintenance, and Encrease of the Navigation of this Kingdom; and of the Ma­riners, and Sea-faring Men within the same. By Vertue of Several Charters, and Letters Patents, made unto the said Corporation by several KINGS and QUEENS of this Realm. And Particularly of a Charter of Constitution and Confirmation of the same, made by our most Gracious Sovereign JAMES the Second, by the Grace of God of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland King, De­fender of the Faith, &c. Dated the Eighth day of July, in the First year of his Majesties Reign.

Orders, Constitutions, and By-Laws, Made by the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, of the Guild, Fraternity, or Brotherhood, of the most Glorious and Indivi­dable Trinity, and of St. Cle­ment in the Parish of Dept­ford-Strond, in the County of Kent.

IMprimis, It is Ordered,The Penal­ties of Masters, Pilots and Sea­men, for not ap­pearing at the Trinity-House upon Summons. that if any Master, or Pi­lot, Mariner or Seaman, belong­ing unto or taking charge of any Ship or Vessel within the River of Thames, shall at any time be Summoned to come be­fore [Page 200] this Corporation, at any of their Courts holden at the Trini­ty-House, or other usual place of their meeting, and shall deny or refuse to appear upon any such summons, (lawful and reasona­ble excuses always excepted) they shall forfeit and pay (if a Master or Pilot) for every such default thirteen-shillings and four pence; and if a Mariner or Sea­man, for his first default two-shil­lings, for his second, three shil­lings and four pence, to the use of the Poor of this Corporation; and for the third offence, both Master and Pilot, Mariner and Seaman, shall be further pu­nished at the discretion of this Company, the Fine not exceed­ing [Page 201] forty shillings for a Master or Pilot, and twenty shillings for a Mariner.

II.

Item, The Penalty of Masters of Ships going to Sea, without paying their Du­ties to the Tri­nity-House. Whereas heretofore sundry Masters of Ships have gone to Sea, without paying such Duties as they ought to have paid to this Corporation at the time of their going; It is there­fore ordered, that whatsoever Master of a Ship shall from henceforth go to Sea, before he hath paid all such Duties as he shall then owe to this Corporati­on (they being of him de­manded before his going), shall at his next Return into the Ri­ver of Thames, pay double so much as he ought to have paid [Page 202] at his going to Sea, over and besides the Duties which from him may grow due for the said Voyage at his Return.

III.

Item, It is ordered, that from the time that any Ship or Ves­sel within the River of Thames, The Penalty of a Master and other Officers, for not giving their attendance on board as requi­red. or any Creek or Harbour of the same, shall first receive into her any Merchants Goods, to be transported into any parts be­yond the Seas, the Master or his Mate shall every day be a­board the said Ship or Vessel, to see the said Merchants Goods safely taken in, bestowed, and placed within the said Ship, if she shall be at Blackwall or a­bove: And likewise upon the [Page 203] Return of every Ship from their Voyages, the Master or his Mate shall be aboard every day, to see and provide that the Mer­chants Goods be orderly and safe­ly delivered out of the said Ship, if she shall be at Blackwal or a­bove as aforesaid, (lawful and reasonable Excuses always ex­cepted); and if the said Ship shall be below Blackwall, then the Master or his Mate shall be aboard three times in a week, or every other day, for the purposes aforesaid. And for every time their neglecting so to do, they shall forfeit and pay, each of them, to the use of the Poor of this Corporation, the sum of six shillings and eight pence.

It is further order'd, that the Mate, Boatswain, Gunner, and Car­penter (or two of themat least) do constantly lye on board, whilst the Ship shall have any goods remaining in her; or shall for­feit and pay (each of them) for every such neglect, to the use of of the Poor of this Corporation, the sum of five shillings.

IV.

Item, Whereas by reason of Powder being taken aboard Ships before their departure out of the River of Thames, The Penalty of taking or keeping Powder aboard, but at such times and Places. and by being kept aboard at their Re­turn in the time of their unla­ding, as also by the heating of Pitch, Tar, Rozine, Grease, Tal­low, Oyl, &c. aboard Ships, [Page 205] there hath often happened great Losses by Fire to Merchants and Owners.

It is Order'd, That no Ship outward bound do receive on board any Powder either for Merchandize, or store for the Voyage, before she shall be at or below Blackwall, and not there till within twenty four hours before she shall set sail from thence to Gravesend; and that every Ship homeward bound do put ashore her Powder as afore­said, at or before her arrival at Blackwall, and that within twen­ty four hours (if the Weather shall permit) after her coming to an Anchor there, or at the place of her unloading; upon [Page 206] the penalty of the Master of e­very such ships, forfeiting and paying to the use of the Poor of this Corporation, for every time so offending, the sum of five pounds.

The Penalty of heating Pitch, Tar, &c. but in such a man­ner. That the Master of every Ship or Vessel (being within the River of Thames) do take care not to suffer any manner of Pitch, Tar, Rozine, Grease, Tallow, Oyl, or the like to be heated on board by Fire, Log­gerhead, Shot, or any other thing, but that it be done, as often as there may be occasion, either upon the shore, or in a Boat, being afloat; upon the penalty of three pounds to be paid as aforesaid.

That all Masters of Ships do take care in the drying their Bread-rooms, How Bread Rooms to be dry'd, and the Penalty of not observing the same. to appoint able and careful men for doing the same, and not to dry them in the night, or keep any Fire therein in the night time; upon the penalty of five pounds to be paid as aforesaid.

V.

Item, The Penalty of keeping Guns shotted. It is ordered that the Master of every Ship homeward bound do unshot all his Guns be­fore, or so soon as he shall ar­rive at Gravesend; upon the pe­nalty of twenty Nobles, to be paid to the use of the Poor of this Corporation.

And that no Master of a ShipThe Penalty of firing Guns in the Night time. being above Blackwall do pre­sume [Page 208] to Fire any Guns before Sun rising, or after Sun setting; upon the penalty of ten shillings for each Gun so fired, to be paid as aforesaid.

VI.

The Penalty of Masters for suffering Bumboats to come aboard. Item, Whereas by reason of Dirtboats, otherwise called Bumboats, their carrying Fruit, Wine, Strongwaters, &c. to sell to shipkeepers and others aboard Ships, there is much wrong done to the Owners, by the pur­loyning of Cordage, and other materials. It is order'd, that all Masters of Ships, for the preventing of the evils afore­said, do from henceforth take care that themselves, their Offi­cers and Servants, do not per­mit [Page 209] any such Boats to come on board their Ships, or that they buy or sell any thing with them.

That they also do take care that their men do put the Dirt of their Ships,Of not carry­ing and laying ashore their Dirt in proper time and Place. as there may be occasion, into their own Boats at seasonable hours in the day, and do carry and lay it on shore above high-water-mark; Of throwing their Dirt into the River. and that they do not suffer any Dirt or Filth to be thrown o­ver board into the River; and in case of any of the aforesaid neglects, the Master shall forfeit and pay for each of the same, to the use of the Poor of this Corporation, the sum of twenty shillings.

VII.

Item, It is order'd, that no Master do suffer to be taken in, The Penalty of taking in or heaving out Ballast without a Port Sail. or heav'd out of his Ship any Bal­last, without having a sail nail'd to the sell of the Port or (if a small Vessel) to the Gunnel, to over hang the side of the Ligh­ter; upon the penalty of twenty shillings, to be paid to the use of the Poor of this Corporation for his every time so offending.

VIII.

The Penalty of hindring the Officer of the Trinity-House, from coming on board to search. for Powder, &c. Item, It is order'd that whatsoever Master, either by himself, his Officers or Seamen, shall at any time refuse or hin­der any person appointed by this Corporation (and upon demand shewing his Authority under the [Page 211] common Seal thereof) from coming on board his Ship in the day time, to search for any Pow­der, Guns unshotted, heating of Pitch, Tar, Rozine, Grease, Tal­low, Oyl, and the like, the carc­less or unseasonable drying of Bread-Rooms, the suffering Bum­boats to come aboard and to Traffique with them, or to en­quire into any other Offences there committed against the Or­ders of this House; He shall for­feit and pay to the Poor thereof, for his every time so offending, the sum of five pounds.

IX.The Penalty of any Bro­thers Petitio­ning about any general Sea-Cause, without the consent of Trinity-House.

Forasmuch as certain Mem­bers of this Corporation have heretofore partly of themselves, [Page 212] and partly at the request of o­thers, very disorderly and very indiscreetly preferr'd Bills, Peti­tions, and other writings, to the high Court of Parliament, and to other inferiour Jurisdicti­ons, in the Name of Seamen in General, without making the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, acquainted therewith, to the great detriment and scandal of the Corporation; for preventing thereof for the time to come, it is order'd, that if any (being Members of this Corporation) shall at any time hereafter do or attempt the like matters as aforesaid, or shall set their hands to any Bill, Petition, or other writing, concerning any Gene­ral [Page 213] Sea-Cause, without the con­sent of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, thereto first had and obtain'd; every such person shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence to the use of the Poor of this Corporation the sum of five pounds.

X.

Item, Orders for the good Go­vernment of Sea-men on ship-board. For the better regula­ting and Government of Sea-men and Mariners, it is Order'd,

That if any Mariner (whilst on Ship-board) shall Swear, The Penalty of Swearing or Blaspheming. Curse, or Blaspheme the Name of God; he shall forfeit and pay for every such Offence one shil­ling, the same to be put into the Poors Box remaining on board the said Ship, for the use [Page 214] of the Poor of this Corporation.

If any Seaman (whether Of­ficer or other) after he shall be hired to serve in any Ship,Lying on shore without Leave. shall at any time lye on shore during the Term of the Voyage, without leave first had from the Master or chief Officer on board; he shall forfeit and pay for eve­ry such offence to the said Poors Box, half a Crown.

If any Mariner whether Of­ficer or other,Absence from Prayers. being in perfect health, shall absent himself from Prayers (being perform'd ac­cording to the Liturgy of the Church of England), or shall not immediately after the Ring of the Bell, or other publick no­tice, repair thereunto; He shall [Page 215] forfeit and pay, for his every time so neglecting, to the said Poors Box, six pence.

If any Mariner shall be Drunk; he shall forfeit and pay,Drunkenness. for every such offence, to the said Poors Box, one shilling.

If any Mariner shall be ob­stinate and stubborn,Disobedience. in not obeying the Masters lawful Commands, or the Mate or Boatswains in his absence; he shall forfeit and pay, for every such Offence, to the said Poors Box, half his months Pay.

But upon any persons being found to offend against any of the above mentioned Orders in this Law mentioned,At the Li­berty of the Master either to inflict Cor­poral Punish­ment, or take the Penalties aforesaid. it shall be left to the liberty of the [Page 216] Master or Commander of the the Ship, with the advice and consent of the Mates, Boatswain, Purser, Gunner, and Carpenter, or Major part of them, either to in­flict Corporal Punishment accor­ding to the custome of the Seas, or receive and take the penalties hereby imposed for the breach of the aforesaid Laws; and if it shall happen that the said person or persons have not pre­sent mony to satisfie what is Or­dered to be paid for any such Offences, then it is required that he or they subscribe their Names to the Master, or Pursers Book, thereby signifying their Consent that the said forfeitures may be defalked out of their Wages the [Page 217] next Pay day following.

XI.

Item, It is Order'd,The Penalty of a Seaman's deserting one Master, and shipping himself with another. That if any Mariner or Seaman, ha­ving ship'd himself with any Master for a Voyage, shall af­terwards desert and leave him, and ship himself with another, that Master with whom he go­eth the Voyage shall (upon no­tice given on behalf of this Cor­poration) detain two shillings in every pound of the Wages of the said Mariner, or Seaman, for the time he serveth in his Ship, to be paid to this Cor­poration for the use of the Poor thereof.

XII.

Item, It is Order'd, that [Page 218] every Commander of Ship,The Master to make an a­greement in writing with e­very Seaman he shall entertain. hire­ing any Mariner or Seaman, to sail with him upon any Voyage to Sea, do take in writing under the said Seamans hand, upon what conditions he is entertain­ed; and that he doth submit himself to the By-Laws of Tri­nity-House.

ALL which said Acts, Ordi­nances and Constitutions in manner and form aforesaid, We George Lord Jefferyes, Baron of Wem, Lord high Chancellour of England, Sir Robert Wright Kt. Lord Chief Justice of the Pleas before his Majesty to be holden, and Sir Edward Herbert Kt. [Page 219] Lord Chief Justice of his Maje­sties Court of Common Pleas, at the request of the Master, Wardens, and Assistants, and Elder Brethren of the said Cor­poration, by Authority and Ver­tue of an Act of Parliament, made in the nineteenth year of the Reign of King Henry the Seventh for that purpose, have Seen, Read, Examined and Pe­rused, and for good, lawful, and laudable Ordinances, Constitu­tions and By-Laws, so far as we lawfully may, do Allow and Ap­prove by these presents. In Wit­ness whereof We have hereunto Subscribed our Names, and set our Seals, the four and twentieth day of June, in the year of our [Page 220] Lord God One thousand six hundred Eighty Seven.

  • Jefferies C.
  • R. Wright.
  • Edw. Herbert.

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