A Full ANSWER Paragraph by Paragraph, TO Sir JOHN FENWICK's PAPER Given to the Sheriffs, January the 28th, 1696/7. at the Place of Execution on Tower-Hill.

By a true Son of the Church of England, as Establish'd by Law.

LONDON, Printed for Richard Baldwin nigh the Oxford-Arms in Warwick-Lane, 1697.

REMARKS UPON Sir John Fenwick's Paper, &c▪

SPeaking nor Writing was never my Talent, I sh [...] therefore give a very Short but Faithful Accou [...] First, of my Religion; and next, what I Suff [...] most Innocently for, to avoid the Calumnies I may Reas [...] ­ably expect my Enemies will cast upon me when De [...] since they have most falsly and maliciously aspers'd [...] whilst under my Misfortunes.

This First Paragraph contains the Heads of [...] whole following Paper. He first modestly owns [...] [...] [Page 6] [...]all all Talent of Speaking or Writing; but in the [...]lowing Discourse, he assumes a Boldness as Ex­ [...]avagant: Whilst in endeavouring to assert his own [...]nocence, he Arraigns the whole Foundation of the [...] Government, by fixing not only his own [...]yalty (as he so calls it) but that of the whole [...]tion, as wholly and solely in all Justice and Duty [...]und to no other Sovereign Head than King James. [...]ow far his Innocence may stand upon that Basis, [...]ll be farther examin'd, &c.

In the next part, he seems to groan under the [...]iction of a blemisht Reputation, a sensible part [...] a Man of Honour, receiv'd from the Calumnies [...] his Enemies; with whom, and the whole World, [...] endeavours to set himself right again, upon his [...]lowing Declaration.

As for my Religion, I was brought up in the Church [...] England, as it is Establish'd by Law, and have ever [...]fess'd it, though I confess I have been an Unworthy [...]mber of it, in not living up to the strict and excel­ [...] Rules thereof, for which I take shame to my self, [...] humbly ask forgiveness of God. I come now to Die [...]hat Communion; trusting, as an humble and hearty [...]itent, to be receiv'd, by the Mercy of God, through [...] Merits of Jesus Christ my Saviour.

[Page 7] This Declaration of his Education in the Church of England, we are very well satisfied in, and even his worst Enemies have that Charity, as to hope he is received into that Mercy, through those Merits, &c. But that he has ever professed that Religion, and truly profest it, will admit of a very unhappy Reflection, especially, as he has stated the Basis of that Church, viz. As it is Estabished by Law. That Church of England, I am afraid he forgets, has as­serted the Title of our gracious Sovereign King William as the Rightful Monarch of England, Scot­land, France, and Ireland, and that the whole pre­sent Allegiance and Duty of the Members of that Church is wholly owing to no other Crown'd Head but King William; and that consequently by his fol­lowing Assertions of no other Right but K. James's, even to denouncing no less than an Impending Judgment (as he says afterwards) upon the whole Nation, and no Hopes of its Welfare or Prosperity, 'till his Restoration; I am afraid this poor Gentle­man is either no Member of that Communion, or, at least, a very Unworthy one, in a quite diffe­rent sense than that in his Paper. And 'twere heartily to be desir'd, that he had either open'd his own dying Eyes, or his Spiritual Confessors would [Page 8] have so open'd them for him, as that he might have taken this shame to himself, and ask'd God forgiveness for it, as well as for those other Er­rours of his Life, that have deserved that dying Blush, and implored that Mercy: It being much to be feared, there wanted this additional Refor­mation, to compleat the true Penitent.

My Religion taught me my Loyalty, which, I bless God, is Untainted: And I have ever endeavour'd in the Sta­tion wherein I have been placed, to the atmost of my power, to support the Crown of England in the true and Lineal course of Descent, without Interruption.

Here he very frankly Confesses his whole Prin­ciples, and makes his Religion the School-Mistress that taught him them; viz. That he has ever endeavour'd to support the Crown of England in its Lineal Course of Descent, without interruption. Which, as his farther Declaration intimates, he endeavours to prove, is the Universal Duty, whilst in thus Vin­dicating his own Loyalty to be untainted, he in­sinuates, that of the whole Kingdom besides, to be wholly Corrupted and Poisoned. A very hard Charge against a whole Nation, that at one stroke, clears his own whole Attainder, and turns it all back up­on [Page 9] his Judges. The Criminals belike, were not Si [...] John Fenwick at the Bar, but the King, Lords, and Commons, upon the Tribunal.

The many great Arguments relating to the Suc­cession of Crowned Heads, and the various Dis­pensations of God's Providence, by whom Kings Reign so often, in all Ages, and all Kingdoms, in breaking that Lineal Course of Descent, he speaks of, some­times in Divine Writ, even with the special and im­mediate Command of God himself, are those grea [...] Themes too long to be handled in this narrow Pa­per, and already more learnedly discust by abler Pens. I shall only say in short, if no Incapacities whatever can break that Lineal Chain; the whole State of Humanity is of all Creatures most mise­rable; and whatever Redemption we may have for our Souls in the other World, we have very little Titles to that of our Bodies in this: For Chains Slavery, Oppression, and whatever the unlimited power or Pleasure of Tyranny can lay upon us, are our Inheritance. If Sir John's Church of England Re­ligion (as he blesses God for it) has taught him this, the other Members of her Communion bless God, tha [...] she has given them quite another Lesson, and taught them to submit to the present Establishment, as the [Page 10] Ordinance of God, without any Frights of those threatned Judgments hanging over our Heads, from the Administration of our present Gracious Sove­raign.

As for what I am now to die for, I call God to wit­ness, I went not to that Meeting in Leaden-Hall-street, with any such intention as to Invite King James to In­vade this Nation, nor was I my self provided with either Horse or Arms, or engaged for any Number of Men, or gave particular Consent for any such Invasion, as is most falsly Sworn against me.

Here he acknowledges his going to the meeting in Leaden-hall-street, but not with an intention of Invi­ting King James to Invade this Nation, viz. by Force. Was King James to be Invited over any o­ther way than by Force? As little as he acknowledges his Talent in Speaking, and Writing, he must own it much less in Thinking, if his Experience and Know­ledge of the English aversion to King James could be so clouded, as but to flatter himself with the least dream of King James his Return but by Force. This Zealous Gentleman for his Old Master, must be quite of a different Opinion from all the other Friends [Page 11] of that Unhappy Prince, especially those on the other side of the Water; his good Friend Lewis would o­therwise have never given himself the unnecessary Trouble and Charge of those Forces drawn down for King James his Descent upon England, if he had had any such intire confidence, either in the Justice of his Cause, or the Smiles of Providence, to have intro­duced him with a bloodless Revolution.

But perhaps the Interpretation of this Paragraph will bear a fairer Sense. Sir John did not go to this meeting, Himself to Invite King James over by Force. No, perhaps there was no occasion for it, that Invi­tation was already made, and so Sir John only came to Visit and Complement the Inviter, not to make the Invitation. And if the Invitation to a forcible Invasion was made by any other Members of that Leaden-hall-street Meeting, however Sir John was so Courteous as to come and kiss of the Cup, and dip in the Dish with them, undoubtedly not over-much disrelisht either with his Company, or their Business before them, especially when (as he told you before) his Religion had taught him, in his Station, to the utmost of his Power to support the Crown in its Lineal descent; and consequently such a Forcible Invasion on that very account, should have a hearty Well-wisher of Sir [Page 12] John, if not as Vigorous a Champion; though the last of these seems most agreeable, both to Sir John's Martial Education, and his Religious Loyalty, when as he tells you, the utmost of his Power was never wanting in his Station on so good an occasion; and 'tis very unlikely that he would want a station in such important Service; and though he tells you, he gave no particular Consent for any such Invasion, at least, he Confesses his general Consent; and though he Charges the Evidence as For-sworn, upon the nice Distinction between particular and general Consent; 'tis very much to be presumed, that that Evidence that has hitherto had the Confirmation of dying Acknowledgments and Confessions, should not stretch harder upon Sir John Fenwick than upon any other of the Criminals that dyed in the same bad Cause before him.

I also declare in the presence of God, that I knew no­thing of King James his Coming to Callis, nor of any Invasion intended from thence, 'till it was publickly known; and the only Notion I had, that something might be at­tempted, was from the Thoulon Fleet coming to Brest.

This Paragraph looks but with an Indifferent Face, for where it lays the greatest stress of Sir John's Inno­cence, [Page 13] and consequently the greatest Fa [...]ty upon the Evidence against him; the Pen-Men of this Para­graph (for in Charity I would not willingly believe it his own) were mightily mistaken in their point of Time; for what he declares in this, utterly contra­dicts, or at least clashes with the former. For here in no less presence than Almighty God, 'tis declared that Sir John knew nothing of King James's coming to Callis, nor any Invasion intended from thence 'till publickly known; which upon our Calculation of publick knowledge, was about February, 1695/6. An [...] next, that the whole Notion he had that somethin [...] of that kind might be attempted, was from the Tho [...] lon Fleet's coming to Brest, which was in the Sprin [...] following, 1696.

Now here's an unhappy Dilemma starts up again him. The foregoing Meeting, at Leaden-hall-stre [...] unluckily fell out to be in June 1695. was a [...] before the Thoulon Fleets return to Brest, and almost [...] much before King James his coming to Callis, as [...] proved at large in the Trial of Sir John Friend. p. 1

Capt. Porter, My Lord, about the latter en [...] [...] May last, [viz. 1695.] or the beginning of [...] we had two Meetings, one was at the King's- [...] [Page 14] [...]n Leaden-hall-street, the other at Mrs. Mountjoys in St. James's-street. At the first Meeting there were present, my Lord of Aylsbury, my Lord Montgo­mery, Sir John Friend, Sir William Parkyns, Sir John Fenwick, Mr. Cook, Captain Chernock and my self, after Dinner Mr. Goodman came in. Now at both those Meetings, it was Consulted of, and agreed, to send Captain Chernock into France to King James, [...]o desire him to borrow of the French-King 10000 Men to come over hither, 8000 Foot, 1000 Horse, and 1000 Dragoons. Captain Chernock [...]aid he did not care to go upon a Foolish Message, [...]nd therefore desired to know what they would [...]ave him to acquaint King James with, and assure [...]im of. They all agreed to meet the King, when­ [...]ver they had notice of his Landing, with a Body [...]f 2000 Horse, of which every one in particular as to bring his Quota, where-ever he would [...]point.

The Result of this Meeting, viz. Chernock's going [...] to France, so Commission'd, and to invite King [...] to an Invasion, was likewise confest by Cher­ [...] at his Execution; and his knowledge of this In­ [...]n was likewise confest by Sir John Friend at his [...]; and whether Sir John Fenwick's was a particu­lar [Page 15] or general consent to the Invasion, in concert with the whole Club at the Leaden-Hall-street meeting, it matters not; 'tis sufficient we have the very Dying Confessions of the Criminals themselves to own the Measures taken towards an Invasion, at which Sir John Fenwick by his own Confession was present, and consequently how far more or less consenting, could be no stranger to an intended Invasion; yet here is no less than God himself call'd to witness he knew nothing of an Invasion intended, 'till publickly known; nay, that the only notion he had that any such thing was upon the Anvil, or like to be at­tempted, was from the Thoulon Fleet coming to Brest.

Nay suppose it in the largest sense, viz. the Thou­lon Fleet coming to Brest, which was in the Spring Ninety Six, to be meant their very setting out in order to come hither, viz. their first setting Sail that way. Yet, as 'tis notoriously known, the Thoulon Fleet stirred not out 'till ours was upon Sail home­wards, many a long Month after June 95; so still the unhappy Contradiction is the same, viz. That he knew nothing of the matter before February. 95-96, and yet was privy and consenting to it the June before. Nay, 'tis yet farther to be wonder'd what unaccountable pretended Ignorance this must be [Page 16] of Sir John's knowing nothing of an Invasion, 'till publickly known, (an Invasion which carries the Face of a kind of honourable Hostility) when the se­quel of the Paper tells you, that he was made privy to no less than a base Design form'd against the King's Life, the very April before (viz. 95.) which he tells you he prevented; as if the sculking Assassi­nates durst trust the Keys of their Cabinet, their Edge Tools with him, and the more generous Inva­ders durst not trust him with theirs.

Good Heaven! who were the Managers of this dying Gentlemans Conscience, that could suffer him to leave such Living Records of Disingenuity be­hind him.

And here I cannot but look back to the unhap­py Reflections made by Sir John upon the Credit and Truth of the Evidence against him, where he ut­terly denies his being provided with Horse and Arms, or Engaged for any number of Men, or that he gave a­ny particular Consent to the Invasion, as fasly Sworn a­gainst him, &c. And must say this in their behalfs, That the Pen-men of this Speech are not so altoge­ther to be credited in their Veracity of the Charge of Perjury against the Witnesses, when they are so ve­ry [Page 17] loose in that point even upon Sir John himself; and have had the Misfortune so shamefully to prevaricate, ev'n with Contra­dictions themselves in the very Declaration of his Innocence.

I also call God to Witness, That I received the Knowledge of what is contain'd in those Papers, that I gave to a great Man that came to me in the Tower, both from Letters and Messages that came from France; and he told me when I read them to him, that the Prince of Orange had been ac­quainted with most of those things before.

I cannot so well penetrate into the full depth of this Paragraph, by reason it seems to stand in a Darker Light, being somewhat ob­scurer then the other part of his Paper. Yet thus far it appears that the matters contain'd in those Papers, we may suppose to be some part of a Confession, in order to lay hold of the Royal Mercy, made to the Noble Peer sent to the Tower to Examin him, and given him in Writing, to be transmitted to the King; the Authority of which he declares he receiv­ed [Page 18] from France. Whether this was any tri­fling Discovery, I will not determine; though it looks like such, by reason the Noble Peer made answer, it was no more than the King knew before.

Here I shall make one Remark, viz, That Sir John keeps up to his high Professions for King James, when he dares not so much as give King William the Title of King, though in the Words from another Man's Mouth, when he tells you, that this great Man should answer him, that the Prince of Orange had been acquainted with those things before.

What other Confessions Sir John pretend­ed to make afterwards, viz. Such, as that of accusing so many of the Firmest and most Eminent Friends of the Crown, as ntended more for an Amuzement to the whole Go­vernment, than an Ingenuous Discovery: Pos­sibly all that Knowledge might likewise come [Page 19] from a French Mint too; for nothing hardly of an English Face would have a Front hard e­nough for such a Forgery; however we dare not suppose that to be the Contents of those Papers in the Tower; for then the Great Man would not have answered, That the King was acquainted with them before. For that Con­fession look'd more like a Gorgon then a Dis­covery; fo far from any former Acquaintance of the Kings, that I suppose it never saw Light, before Sir John and his Prompters thrust its Dowdy Face into the World.

I might have expected Mercy from that Prince, because I was Instrumental in saving his Life. For when about April Ninety five, an Attempt against him came to my Knowledg, I did partly by Disswasions, and partly by De­lays, prevent that Design, which I suppose was the Reason that the last Villanous Project was concealed from me.

In this Paragraph he makes a kind of Mor­decai's Plea for receiving of mercy from King [Page 20] William; for here he confesses himself entrusted with a Design formed against King William, of no less Villany than some Clandestine At­tempts upon the King's Life, which he partly by disswasions, and partly by delays prevented, and thereby (as he tells you) saved the King's Life. We must here observe, that a Person even of that great Honour and Character as Sir John Fenwick, was nevertheless judged that proper Confident and Counsel-keeper to the Ruffian Party, as to be made privy to so Black a Design as Assassination it self. Nay it further appears, that he tacitly confesses him­self to be an Actor and a Leader in it; for otherwise without his privity, how could he disswade, or without his own actual Leading Hand, or at least Commanding Power in it, how could he delay it.

What Truth or what Merits soever there may be in this Narrative of his secret Ser­vice to the King I will not judge; but if any such good Service were really done, [Page 21] 'tis a sign that he has had that Tenderness for the Actors in it, (as much Remorse as he says he has had for the Act it self, viz. in pre­venting it) that from that day to this he has wholly conceal'd the Plotters, though at last he has declared the Plot. And this Aversion of his to a base Design, he supposes, was the Reason why the late Villaous Project was con­ceal'd from him. Very likely, for that, or other Reasons, it might be conceal'd from him; for I hear not of any thing of the last Assassination laid to his Charge. But all this clears not his Innocence from the Invasion; for that by the whole Party in general, even by the tenderest Scrupler of Honour amongst them, was reputed a more Manly, more He­roick, and more Warrantable Undertaking.

If there be any Persons whom I have injur'd in Word or Deed, I heartily pray their Pardon, and beg of God to pardon those who have injur'd me, particularly those who with great Zeal have sought my Life, and brought the Guilt of my In­nocent Blood upon the Nation, no Treason being proved upon me.

[Page 22] His hearty begging Pardon of all whom he had injur'd in Word or Deed, and his begging God to pardon those who had any wise injur'd him, is a very good Christian Acknowledg­ment, and would be infinitely both to his own Glory, and his Ghostly Guides, if his whole Paper had been all of a piece with it. 'Tis true, when he more particularly menti­ons those who, as he says, with great Zeal sought his Life, there perhaps he might be some­what mistaken, for that Zeal might possibly savour more of a Loyal Warmth for the King's Preservation, and publick Justice a­gainst his Enemies, than any great Heat or Animosity against the Person of Sir John Fenwick; and his Judges are so well satisfied in the Equity of their Judgment, that the Cry of Innocent Blood hanging over the Nation is the least part of their Fears.

I return my most hearty Thanks to those noble and worthy Persons who gave me their Assi­stance, by opposing this Bill of Attainder, with­out which it had been impossible I could have [Page 23] fallen under the Sentence of Death. God bless them and their Posterity, though I am fully sa­tisfied they pleaded their own Cause while they defended mine.

His Expressions of Gratitude to those Mem­bers, whose peculiar Tenderness inclined them to Mercy towards him, is very worthy from him; but where he comes to tell them, that it had been impossible for him to have fallen under the Sentence of Death without a Bill of Attainder; he would have done well to have told the World, that he stood so much upon his own Innocence, that his trifling Motions towards a Confession were no false Mask of Candor and Ingenuity, only to protract Time till Goodman could be bribed off and spirited away to France. And where he tells them, that whilst they defended his Cause they pleaded their own; there, I am afraid, he has quite dash'd his first grateful Acknowledgment; for God forbid that so many worthy Gentlemen, and Men of Honour and Loyalty, should fall under Sir John's Dilemma's, or be tinctured with his Blemishes, to stand in want either of a Plea or Defence.

[Page 24] I pray God to bless my true and lawful So­veraign King James, the Queen, and Prince of Wales, and restore him and his Posterity to this Throne again, for the Peace and Prosperity of this Nation, which is impossible to prosper till the Government is settled upon a right Foot.

The Transport and Zeal of this last Prayer summs all. His Death only wanted this con­clusive Protestation to seal it a Martyrdom.

The Glory and Merit of the Cause in which he dyes so supersedes all the Guilt of the Fact charged against him, that with­out any other Declaration, this Innocence alone wipes off all Attainder. There can be no Blot in that Scucheon where every private Conscience is the Herauld.

'Tis true, Sir John before told you, That his Religion taught him his Loyalty to King James, his Church of England Perswasion: —Methinks 'tis a mad Church that can be so much felo de se, as to be so strangely [Page 25] active in Restoring of that Prince, that would bring over Daggers to cut its' own Throat.

Methinks the whole Malecontent Party, especially the Church of England Members amongst them, should not have forgotten the more particular Ungrateful Treatment from that Prince, to that very Church that mounted him into his Throne, and consequently what slender Hopes they must have of his future Civility to it, for keep­ing him thus long out of it. And there­fore, if after all this Dreadful Prospect before them, (upon Supposition of his Return) their over-scrupulous straight-lac'd Consciences cannot come up to acquiesce to the Present Establishment, in acknow­ledging KING WILLIAM, that Prince's Title, not only supported by the National Assent, the best Foundation of Allegiance; but likewise by the Recogni­tion of almost all the Princes of Europe, though even of a contrary Church, the very Romanists themselves. Certainly, I [Page 26] say, if there can be any such Depraved Senses left in that Communion, they are undoubtedly resolved to let the whole World know, that their Religion has ei­ther divested them of their Humanity or Reason, (viz.) either in wishing such a Scourge both to them and their Posterity, or otherwise fancying such Golden Dreams (or rather Airy ones) from such a Restau­ration.

As Sacred, and as Darling as an Unin­terrupted Succession may be esteem'd, and as much upon a Right Foot as King James's Title stood, nevertheless we are but too sensible, that he began to warp into that Unfortunate Left-handed Administration, that his Restauration ought to be no part of any Sober or Rational Man's Prayers, except his Letany.

[Page 27] And now, O God, I do with all humble Devotion commend my Soul into Thy Hands, the Great Maker and Preserver of Men, and Lover of Souls; beseeching Thee, that it may be alwaies dear and precious in Thy Sight, through the Merits of my Savi­our Jesus Christ, Amen.
Amen, Amen.

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