The Good and Prosperous Successe OF THE PARLIAMENTS FORCES IN YORK-SHIRE: Against the Earle of NEW-CASTLE And his Popish Adherents.

As it was sent in a Letter from the Right Ho­nourable the Lord Fairefax, and read in both Hou­ses of Parliament, on Monday, Ian. 30. 1642.

With some Observations of the Lords and Com­mons upon the said happy Proceedings, as so many Answers from Heaven, which God hath given to the Prayers of his Servants.

Published, that their Mouths and Hearts may be as much enlarged in Praises, as they have been in Prayers.

ORdered by the Lords and Commons Assembled in Parliament, that this Letter, with the Observations thereon, be forthwith Printed and Published.

John Browne, Cler. Parliament.

Ian. 31. Printed for Iohn Wright in the Old Bailey. 1642.

The Lord Fairfax his Letter.


IT is most necessary that I continue my Relation to you, of the state and conditi­on of the affairs in this Country, that they may be made knowne to both Hou­ses, and Provision made for succours to be sent us, which have hitherto come very slowly, though they have made large expressions of their care, we have beene long destitute of money to pay the Army, and to supply that want, I have used all possible industry, by taking up money upon Ex­change, and by calling upon the Country to supply me for the present upon the publique Faith: The want of money doth so perplex that part of the Army here, as I imagine, the House will not expect any considerable matter to be done by us, though God be thanked the Forces I send from hence and are raysed by the Country with other places, are daily acting something to advance the publique service, as in the Northriding where Sir Hugh Cholmley hath carried himselfe very bravely, giving severall defeates to the Enemy nere Malton, and on monday the 16. of this moneth, joyning his Forces to Sir Mathew Boynton, they fell upon Colonell Slingsby at Gisbrowgh, where they de­feated him and 600. Horse and Foot with him, that had done much spoyle in the Northriding, they woun­ded and tooke Colonell Slingsby himselfe, with 140. other Prisoners, kil'd a great many, and recovered [Page] [...] [Page] [...] [Page] 200. Armes with the place; amongst the Priso­ners taken by Sir Hugh Cholmley at Malton, and here at Gisbrowgh, it is found that a great number are Papists, and indeed the strength of the Enemies will be found to consist much of Papists & Popish affected, the Earle of New-castle, granting his Commissions for raysing men to Papists for the most part, I have heard of late of Commissions granted to twelve Re­cusants of these parts, whose names I send enclosed, [...]t is not to be doubted he walkes the same wayes in other places as well as here, which courses have so advanced Popery as I heare, that in Yorke where many Recusants are setled, Masse is ordinarily sayd in every street, and such affronts offered to the Prote­stants and their Ministery, as few dare resort to Church, and in other parts of the Country I am in­formed, that for many miles together the religious Ministery, are all either fled or imprisoned▪ which persecutions, if they be not timely repressed, will ex­tirpe or much depresse the Protestant Religion in these parts, about Bradford and Hallifax, God hath blessed my Son and those small Forces with good successe a­gainst the Enemy in severall light skirmishes, and on monday was seven night, he seized on the Lord Savi­les house at Howley, and put about 100. Musquetiers into it, and on tuesday I sent Sir William Fair­fax, and his Officers with some armes, to raise his Regiment in those parts, and for his convoy I sent what horse and Dragooners I could spare from hence, directing them to stay with my Son to assist him in his designe against Leeds, and yesternight I received Let­ters from him, wherein he relates to me, that on mon­day last he drew his Forces out of Bradford, and mar­ched to Leeds, where Sir William Savill comman­ded [Page] in chiefe, my son first summoned them by a Trum­pet to yeeld, which being refused, the Assault began, wherein his men carryed themselves with great Re­solution, the Towne being fortyfied on all sides, fur­nished with two brasse Sakers, and manned with 1500. Souldiers, yet they forced an Entry in two houres fight, there being not lost on both sides above 40. men, but he tooke 4. colours, 500. Prisoners (of which 6 are Commanders) and with the Prisoners they tooke many Armes, the Sakers and all the Mu­nition they had, which was not much; On our part we lost 13. men, and Capt. Briggs, and Capt. Lee, both sore wounded, and I perceive that in this exploit Sir William Fairfax, Sir Thomas Norcliffe, and Sar­jeant major Forbes, with the rest of the Commanders carryed themselves very gallantly, the people doe ob­serve that Sir William Savill, and the chiefe Com­manders, on the other side soone after the fight began, fled by secret wayes towards Pomfret, and their men after them by degrees, but by the way Serjeant ma­jor [...] was drowned crossing the River, and Sir William Savill very narrowly escaped the like fate. After Leeds was thus won, my Son writes that hee intended to have marched to Wakefield, where Sir George Wentworth commanded, but was prevented therin by the enemies fears, who hearing he had taken Leeds, fled all away from Wakefield to Pontefract, and left the Towne, so he hath sent some Forces to invest and keepe that place: Thus hath God blessed their endeavours on that side, and now I am told that Capt. Hotham and Sir John Savill, are gone up yesterday with some Forces into those parts, but upon what de­signe I know not, yesterday morning I had some in­telligence, that the most part of the Forces were mar­ched [Page] the day before out of Doncaster, so I have sent [...] Serjeant major Generall with six companies of [...] to invest that place, and to leave some Forces to keepe it untill more strength come to us, out of the Southerne Counties, which if they could be hastened hither might very much advance the cause, & crush their Popish for­ces before they be supplyed by the Queens comming, or their party in Scotland, of which ther is sōe expectation, I desire you wil make known to the house the great ex­tremities that are put upon me, & that a certain course may be setled for supplying us with Money for the en­tertainment of the army, insuch season, as our men may be encouraged in the service, and not fall into a way of plundering for want of pay, my Sonne upon the ta­king of Leeds, though he entered it by force, yet he re­strayned his Army from pillaging, so I have ordered that the Malignants in lieu of the spoyle, chalenged to be due unto the Soldiers, shall give them a Moneths entertainement, which I hope will content both Par­ties, yesternight Intelligence was brought to me, that the Earle of New-Castle hath drawne downe all his Forces from the South-Parts of York-shire, those onely excepted that keepe the Castle at Pomfret, for yesterday he marched from Sherborne, to Yorke, with 36 Colours, [...] Pieces of of Canon, and 43 other car­riages, the certaine cause I doe not yet know, but sup­pose it is to meet the Armes and Munition comming from New-Castle, or to prepare for the Queenes En­tertainement at Yorke, which is much spoken of, I shall carry a vigilant eye upon his designes, and en­deavour to prevent them, so farre as can hee expected from the forces under the command of▪

Your most affectionate Friend and servant. Fer. Fairefax,

I have sent unto Master White to be hewed unto you thr [...] papers found with Col. nell Slingsby when he was taken at Gisbrough by Sir Hugh Cholmely which may peradven­ture be thought necessary to be made knowne to the House, if Sir Hugh have not already presented the transcript to you.

The Names of Recusants in these parts, to whom the Earle of New Castle hath granted Commissions to raise Forces.
  • M. Robert Traps.
  • M. Stevenson of Thornton.
  • S. Iohn Middleton.
  • S. Walter Vavasor.
  • M. Andes.
  • M. Tindall.
  • M. Bretton.
  • S. Philip Hungate.
  • M. Waterson.
  • M. Thwenge.
  • Capt. Sare.
  • Capt. Granger.

Besides those formerly printed by Order of this House, and many more which are omitted.

The Observations of both Houses of Parliament, upon the aforesaid Letter.

VVHereas many and fervent prayers have beene sent up to God for his blessings to be pow­red downe upon the Endeavours of the Parliament in maintenance of his owne Cause, and Religion, now o­penly assaulted by Papists, and because it is most just and necessary to observe the returne of these Prayers, that our mouths and hearts may be as much enlarged in prayses, as they have beene in Prayers. The Lords and [Page] Commons have thought fit to pnblish some late good successes, as so many Answers from Heaven which God hath given to the Prayers of his servants.

And whereas sundry late Declarations have shewed to the world divers Informations and proofs concer­ning the raysing of a Popish Army with an intention to subvert Gods true Religion▪ professed and by Law established in this Kingdome and to introduce popish Idollatry, and Superstition, that it may appeare that, what was before an intention is now matter of fact, and really put in Execution, a most certaine and true Rela­tion is here offered to publique notice and observation wherein it may be seene that this Popish Army hath set up the open practise of their abhominable Idolatry in Yorke the second City of this Kingdome, and are grown to that height of Insolence that they terrifie and drive away Protestant Ministers and people from frequenting, their owne Churches and from the practise of their own Religion, wherein they have given a patterne and pledge what they intend to doe, and what must be expected from them through the whole Kingdome, the consideration hereof (whereby the most precious things in the world▪ Gods Glory and true worship, and the salvation, and soules of men are brought into danger) ought to excite▪ and stir up (and we are confident it will) the strongest endeavours and most vnited coniunctions of all Religi­ons, and well affected Protestants and Patriots [...] and suppresse these common Enemies of God, Piety their Country and common-Wealth, for now, it plainly appeares that how ever they pretend to defend the au­thority and the Lawes, yet their maine intention is to Establish Popery in this Kingdome, and to extirpate the Protestant Religion which cannot be done without sub­uersion of the Lawes, as the Papists have all most effected in Ireland.


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