The Order of the Inspirati

MAHOMET receives his Law by Inspiration.

APPOLONI.ꝰ TYANEUS in Domitians tyme

Edw Kelly Prophet or Seer to Dr. Dee.

Roger Bacon an English man

PARACELSUS Receits from the Inspiration of Spirits.

Dr. Dee avoucheth his Stone is brought by Angelicall Ministry.

A TRUE & FAITHFUL RELATION OF What passed for many Yeers Between DR. JOHN DEE (A Mathematician of Great Fame in Q. ELIZ. and King JAMES their Reignes) and SOME SPIRITS: TENDING (had it Succeeded) To a General Alteration of most STATES and KINGDOMES in the World.

His Private Conferences with RODOLPHE Emperor of Germany, STEPHEN K of Poland, and divers other PRINCES about it.

The Particulars of his Cause, as it was agitated in the Emperors Court; By the POPES Intervention: His Banishment, and Restoration in part.

AS ALSO The LETTERS of Sundry Great Men and PRINCES (some whereof were present at some of these Conferences and Apparitions of SPIRITS:) to the said D. DEE.

OUT OF The Original Copy, written with Dr. DEES own Hand: Kept in the LIBRARY of Sir THO. COTTON, Kt. Baronet.

WITH A PREFACE Confirming the Reality (as to the Point of SPIRITS) of This RELATION: and shewing the several good USES that a Sober Christian may make of All.

BY MERIC. CASAUBON, D. D.

LONDON, Printed by D. Maxwell, for T. GARTHWAIT, and sold at the Little North door of S. Pauls, and by other Stationers. 1659.

MVNIFICENTIA REGIA. 1715

GEORGIVS D. G. MAG. BR. FR. ET HIB. REX F. D.

PREFACE.

WHAT is here presented unto thee (Christian Reader) be­ing a True and Faithful Relation, &c. (as the Title beareth, and will be further cleared by this Preface) though by the carriage of it, in some respects, and by the Nature of it too, it might be deemed and termed, A Work of Darknesse: Yet it is no o­ther then what with great tendernesse and circumspection, was tendered to men of highest Dignity in Europe, Kings and Princes, and by all (England excepted) listned unto for a while with good respect. By some gladly embraced and entertained for a long time; the Fame whereof being car­ryed unto Rome, it made the Pope to bestir himself, not knowing what the event of it might be, and how much it might concern him. And indeed, filled all men, Learned and Unlearned in most places with great wonder and astonish­ment: all which things will be shewed and made good (to the utmost of what we have said) in the Contents of this book, by unquestionable Records and evidences. And therefore I make no question but there will be men e­nough found in the world whose curiosity will lead them to Read what I think is not to be parallell'd in that Kind by any book that hath been set out in any Age to read: I say, though it be to no other end then to satisfie their curiosity. But whatsoever other men, according to their several inclinations, may propose to themselves in the reading of it, yet I may and must here professe in the first place, in Truth and Sincerity, that the end that I propose to my self (so far as I have contri­buted to the Publishing of the Work) is not to satisfie curiosity, but to do good, and promote Religion. When we were first acquainted with the Book, and were offered the reading of it, having but lately been conversant in a Subject of much Affinity; to wit, of Mistaken Inspiration and Possession, through ignorance of Natural causes (which labour of ours, as it was our aime at the first in pub­lishing of it, to do good, so we have had good reason since to believe, that we did not altogether misse of what we aimed at) we could not but gladly accept of it. And as we gladly accepted, so we read unto the end with equal eagernesse and Alacrity: Which when we had done, truly it was our Opinion, That the Publishing of it could not but be very Seasonable and Useful, as against Atheists at all times, so in these Times especially, when the Spirit of Error and Illusi­on, not in profest Anabaptists only, even of the worst kind that former Ages have known and abhorred, doth so much prevail, but in many also, who though they disclaim and detest openly (and heartily too, I hope, most of them) the fruits and effects that such causes have produced in others, yet ground them­selves neverthelesse upon the same principles of Supposed Inspiration and imma­ginary Revelations; and upon that account deem themselves, if not the Only, yet much better Christians then others. And I was much Confirmed in this Judg­ment when I was told (as indeed I was, at the first, by them that knew very well) that the Most Reverend, Pious and Learned Archbishop of Armagh, lately [Page] deceased, upon reading of the said book, before his death, had declared him­self to the same purpose, and wished it Printed. But because it is very possible, that every Reader will not at the first be so well able of himself to make that good use by good and Rational Inferences and Observations of this sad Story as is aimed at, my chiefest aim in this Preface is to help such. And because it is not lesse probable that this Licentious Age will afford very many, who with the [...] of old (that is, Jewish Epicures) believe no Spirit, or Angel, or Resur­rection; who therefore being prepossessed with prejudice when they hear of so many Spirits as are here mentioned, and so many strange Apparitions, in several Kinds, will not only fling back themselves, but will be ready to laugh at any other that give any credit to such things. Although I will not take upon me to convert any by Reason that are engaged into such an opinion by a wicked life, that is, Unjust practises, Luxurious lewd courses, open profanenesse, under the name of Wit and Galantry, and the like, because, I think, it is very just with God to leave such to the error and blindnesse of their Judgments; so that with­out a Miracle there can be little hopes of such. Yet I shall hope that such as are Rational men, sober in their Lives and Conversations, such as I have known my self; yea, men of excellent parts in other things, men that are both willing to hear and able to consider: that such, I say, may receive some satisfaction by what I shall say and propose to their Ingenuous consideration in this matter. Were we to argue the case by Scripture, the businesse would soon be at an end; there being no one Controverted point among men, that I know of, that can receive a more Ample, Full, Clear and speedy determination, then this business of Spi­rits, and Witches, and Apparitions may, if the Word of God might be Judge. But I will suppose that I have to do with such, who though they do not altogether deny the Word of God, yet will not easily, however, admit of any thing that they think contrary to Reason, or at least not to be maintained by Reason. I shall therefore forbear all Scripture Proofs and Testimonies in this particular, and desire the Christian Reader (who otherwise might justly take offence) to take notice upon what ground it is that I forbear.

But though I will not use any Scripture for proof, yet by way of Application I hope I may be allowed to use some Scripture words, which may direct us perchance to a good Method in the examination of this businesse. The Apostle saith in a place, [...] (professing themselves to be wise, they became fools) I shall not enquire of whom, and upon what occasion it was spoken: I draw no argument from it; only because there is a shew of great Wisdom in this Opinion; and yet, as I conceive, as much of Error and falshood (that is, Folly, as the word is often used) as in any other false opinion that is lesse popular. I will frame my discourse to this issue, first, to enquire what it is that makes it so popular and plausible, among them especially that pretend to more then ordinary Wisdom; and then secondly, lay it open (as I am able) to the view in its right colours, that the Folly or falshood of it may be discernable even to ordi­nary judgments.

[...] then, (as for them that deny Spirits, &c.) we say, The world is full of im­posture; to know this, to observe it in all Trades, in all Professions, in all ranks and degrees of men, is to know the world, and that is to be wise. Though we call them Juglers, yet they deserve to be thought the plainest dealing men of the world that shew their tricks openly in the streets for money; for they professe what they are. They are the truest Juglers that do their feats (and they for mo­ny [Page] too, most of them) under the Veil and Reputation of Holinesse, Sanctity, (or, Saintship) Religion, Virtue, Justice, Friendship; fine words to catch men that are of easie Belief, and thinks that every thing that glisters must needs be gold. Hence it is, that men that have had the Reputation of Wise men in the world; have commended this unto us as greatest Wisdom, NOT EASILY TO BE­LIEVE: [...] Epicharmus got more credit for this one saying (and hath done more good too, perchance) then many that have been the Authors of vast Volumes. Now if those things that are exposed to sense, the proper Objects of our Eyes and Eares, be lyable to so much Im­posture and Deceit, that the wisest can scarce know what to believe: How much more caution do we need in those things that are so much above Sense, and in some respects contrary to Sense (and that is Spirits) that we be not deceiv­ed? If we consider the Nature of man, his Bodily frame, the Affections of his soul, the Faculties of his mind, we shall have no occasion at all to wonder if most men are apt to believe and to be cheated. But as no cause to wonder, so as little cause to imitate: Felix qui rerum potuit cognoscere causas! [...] a desire of, or to strange things that may cause amazement, is the proper affection of the vulgar, that is, of most men, which they bring into the world with them, (it is the ob­servation of the wisest of men that have written concerning the affairs and acti­ons of men) and cannot be rid of but by wisdom, which is the happinesse of few: Errandi, non necessitas tantum, sed amor. Seneca somewhere speaking of the Nature of Man; There was a time when the world was much governed by O­racles; private men went unto them as unto God, Kings and Princes sent unto them to be advised about greatest matters: and so much faith was ascribed unto them, generally, that the very word became a Proverb appliable unto those things, whereof no question can be made. Yet those very ancient Heathens, that tell us of these Oracles, tell us of their vanity; and though they say not, That all were false and counterfeit, yet whilest they acknowledg it of some, they give us just occasion to suspect that it might have been found as true of the rest also, had like care been taken to examine the truth of them also.

Again, there was a time (and that time not many hundred years yet past) when Miracles were the only discourse and delight of men: Ghosts and Spi­rits were in every house; and so prone were men to receive what was delive­red unto them in that kind, that Miracle-makers were much put to it, not to make their stories probable, (for that was not stood upon) but to make them wonderful enough; insomuch that some have been forced See the Life of Al­bertus M. to complain publickly of the credulity of the people, who yet them­selves tell us much more, I dare say, then was ever true. As of Miracles, so of Exorcismes: How many Divels and Spirits have been driven out of men and women, supposed to be possessed, by solemn Exorcismes, to the great wonder of the beholders, which afterwards upon further search and examination, have been convicted to have been nothing but the artifices and subtil contrivances of men? Sentences and Judgments have passed upon such cheats when they have been discovered in most places of Europe, which have been published. But they have done strange things though (some that were thought possessed) and things impossible, to ordinary sense, to be done by Nature. It is very true, some have: But they that know what strange things may be done to the amaze­ment [Page] of all not acquainted with such mysteries, by long Use and Custome, they will not easily wonder (so as to make a supernatural thing of it) though they see things, which, to their sight and of most, cannot but seem very wonder­ful, and almost impossible. As for the bodily temper of man and of his Brain, it hath been sufficiently by some late books of that subject (Enthufiasme) both by reasons from Nature, and by sundry examples proved, that a very lit­tle distemper of the brain, scarce discernable unto any, but those that are well versed in the study of Natural causes, is enough to represent Spirits, Angels and Di­vels, [...] and Stories of Heaven and Hell to the Fancy: by which sober kind of Madnesse and deliration, so little understood vulgarly, many have been, and are daily deceived; and from these things, through the ignorance of men, strange things sometimes have ensued, and the peace of Common-weales hath suffered not a little.

Aristotle, in his Meteors, tells of one that alwayes saw (so he thought, at least) another man's shape before his eyes, and how they happened unto him naturally, he gives a reason. Hyppocrates, [...] (a very short Discourse, but full of excellent matter) sheweth how some, both men and women, through Na­tural causes, come to fancy to themselves that they see [...] Divels and Spirits, and to be tormented in their Souls, even to the making away of themselves by their own hands. The Author of the book, De Morbo Sacro, (very ancient too, but not right Hyppocrates, as many are of opinion) hath excellent matter too, to the same purpose; but I have not the book at this time by me. Hyppocrates, (where before) sheweth how many in that case were gulled by the Priests of those times, making them believe, That this happened to them through the anger of some god. ‘They that are verst in the Opticks know, That there is a way, through the help of glasses that shall not be seen, to make moving sha­dows that shall appear like Ghosts, to the great terror of the ignorant behold­er: and it is said, That pretended Astrologers and Fortune-tellers cheat many by those sights.’ It is the opinion of some Jewish Rabbins, That what Ghosts or Souls are raised by Necromancy, they alwayes appear inverso corpore, that is, their head dowards and feet upwards. Though nothing is to be wondered at in Rabbins, who (commonly) are as full of ridiculous conceits as ever came into the head of any Bedlam: Yet my opinion is, ‘That the first ground of this wild conceit was, some appearance by the Species of an object, gathered through a little glasse into a dark room. For so indeed the objects must ap­pear inverso corpore if it be done in a high room, and the objects from whence the Spiecies are gathered be lower then the glasse through which they passe.’ And the reason of it is very Demonstrable to the sight of any reasonable man. Cer­tainly, by this secret (which yet is no great secret, being commonly seen and practis­ed among them that are any thing curious) strange things may be done by a Cunning-man, to their great amazement that know not the cause. There would be no end if I should attempt to gather from several Authors what hath been invented by men, and what may be done by Art to cheat men in matters of this nature. Let any man, that is yet a stranger to it, but read the life of Alex­ander the false Prophet, or Prognosticator, written by Lucian, and he shall see no­table examples of successeful Cheats and Impostures, scarce credible indeed, but that the thing was yet then fresh and famous, and that all circumstances of [Page] History confirm the truth of the relation. And let him that reads it judge, what dull and dry fellows the Mountebank-Astrologers, Prognosticators and Fortune-tellers of these dayes are, to this Noble, Renowned Alexander. Only let him know that reads, that Lucian was a profest Atheist, and therefore no wonder if he find Epicurus spoken of with great respect, whom all Atheists, and Atheistically inclined are so much obliged to honour. This excepted, I think, the Story is very worthy to be known, and much more worthy to be read by all men (considering the good use that may be made of it) then many books that are daily translated out of other languages.

But lastly, If there were any such thing, really as Divels and Spirits that use to appear unto men; to whom should they (probably) sooner appear, then to such as daily call upon them, and devote their Souls and Bodies unto them by dread­ful Oaths and Imprecations? And again, then to such, who through damnable curiosity have many times used the means (the best they could find in books, by Magical Circles, Characters and Invocations) and yet never, neither the one nor the other saw any thing?

I have said as much as I mean to say (though somewhat perchance might be added) to shew the plausiblenesse of the opinion, in opposition to vulgar appre­hensions and capacities, whereby (as I conceive, for I have not wittingly o­mitted any thing that I thought material) it chiefly intitles it self to wisdom, and more then ordinary prudence, which all men generally are ambitious of. Yet I would not have it thought that all men that hold this conclusion, That there be no Spirits, &c. go so rationally to work, or can give this account or any other more rational and plausible for what they hold. God knows there be many in the world, men of no learning, and mean capacities, who can speak as peremptorily as the best, not because they have considered of it, and under­stand the grounds of either opinion, but because they know, or have heard it is the opinion of some Learned, and they hope they shall be thought learned too if they hold with them. Besides an ordinary (for some have been learned) Epicurean, who makes it his Motto (to himself and in his heart) [...] and seeks his ease in this world ( [...] their own word, which imports Tranquility both of mind and body; a good word but ill applyed) as his summum bonum, or chiefest happinesse: It is a great ease to him when any strange things doth happen by Witches, Wizards and the like; and other some to satisfie their faith, others their reason and curiosity, are put to it to enquire of men by conference, and to search into books ancient and late, Sacred and Profane, and all little enough. A great ease, I say, for him, then, and upon all such occasions, to possesse his Soul in secure ignorance, and to save his cre­dit (yea, and to gain [...] with some) by barely saying, Fabula est, I do not be­lieve it. We shall hear some of them by and by acknowledg, in effect, as much as I have said: I impose nothing upon them. I will not take upon me to judge of a book that I never read; I cannot say that I ever saw it. But because I have heard some men magnifie an English book written of this subject to prove that there be no Witches, I will impart unto the Reader that hath not observed it, the judgment of one of the Learnedst men that ever England saw (I wish he had been more gently dealt with when time was) of that book, whereby it may appear (if his judgment be right, as I am very inclinable to be­lieve, [Page] because of his great Learning, and wonted circumspection in his censures) what great undertakers many men are upon very little ground, and how prone others to extol what doth favour their cause, though to the prejudice of their better judgments, if they would judge impartially. Dr. Rainolds in those ela­borate Praelectiones de libris Apocryphis, where he doth censure some opinions of Bodinus as prejudicial to the Christian Faith. Reginaldus Scotus, nostras, (saith he) qui contrariam Bodino insanit insaniam, ait Papistas confiteri, non posse Demonas ne au­dire quidem nomen Jehovae. Acceperat ille à Bodino, & attribuit Papistis in genere, tan­quam omnes Papistae in eo conspirarent. Pergit ipse, & quoniam animadverterat quasdam faeminas maleficas, aliquando istius modi narrationes ementiri, putavit omnia esse ficta; ex imperitia Dialecticae, & aliarum bonarum artium: Ut qui nullo judicio, nullà methodo, [...] optimarum artium scientiâ, eodem modo aggressus sit hanc rem, quomodo Poeta loqui­tur,

— Tenet insatiabile quosdam Scribendi cacoëthes:

& eodem [...] medo ratiocinatur, &c. We have been the more willing to pro­duce this passage out of the writings of that Learned man, because we also in our answers may have occasion to say somewhat to the same purpose; not of that Author or his book, which he judgeth, any thing, but of the ground upon which he builded, which we shall find to be the same upon which others also, that deny Spirits have gone upon. But we will go Methodically to work, and take every thing in order, as we have proposed in the objections.

First, We said, The world was full of Imposture. It is granted, of Im­postors and Impostures. But what then shall the conclusion be, That [...] there is no truth in the world, or at least not to be attained unto by mortal man? Truly, many books of old have been written to that effect. Sextus [...] is yet extant, a very learned book it cannot be denied, and of excellent use for the understanding of ancient Authors, Phylosophers especially. I could name some Christians also, by profession, men of great learning that have gone very far that way. But this will not be granted by some I am sure that are or have been thought great oppugners of the common opinion about Witches and Spirits; some Physicians I mean, and Naturalists by their profession. But may not we argue as plausibly against that which they professe, as they have done or can do against Spirits and Apparitions? We would be loath to make so long a digression; we have had occasion elsewhere to say somewhat to this purpose: and they that will be so curious may see what hath been written by Cornel. Agrip­pa (who is very large upon this subject) about it, not to name any others. It is not yet a full twelve-moneth, that a friend of mine, a Gentleman of quality, brought his Lady to London (some 60 miles and upwards from his ordinary dwelling) to have the advice of Physicians about his wife (a very Virtuous and Religious Lady) troubled with a weak stomack and ill digestion, which caus­ed [...] symptoms. I think he had the advice of no lesse then a dozen first and last: I am sure he named unto me five or six of the chiefest in Credit and practice that the Town affordeth. Not one of them did agree in their opinions, either concerning the Cause, or the means to be used for a Cure. So that the Gentleman went away more unsatisfied then he came. What he did I knovv not: I knovv vvhat some men vvould have inferred upon this. Yet I, for my part, for the benefit that I have received by it, and the effects that I have seen of [Page] it, both upon my self, and others in my life-time, upon several occasions (where learned Artists, not Empiricks have been employed) though all the world should be of another opinion, I think my self bound to honour, as the profession, so all Learned, Ingenious Professors of it: and I make no question but the worst of Agrippa's objections, by any man of competent judgment and experience, may easily be answered. I say therefore that as in other things of the world, so in matters of Spirits and Apparitions, though lyable to much error and imposture, yet it doth not follow but there may be reality of truth and certainty discernable unto them that will take the pains to search things unto the bottom, where truth commonly is to be found, and are naturally endowed with competent judgments to discern between specious arguments and solidity of truth.

But this proveth nothing. No: but the removing of this common ob­jection may dispose the Reader, I hope, to consider of what we have to say with lesse prejudice. And that shall be our next task, what we have to say for Spirits, &c. before we come to particular Objections. Wherein never­thelesse I will be no longcr then I must at this time, because I shall have a more proper place in two several Tractates, the one whereof hath been a long time in loose notes and papers, not yet digested, to wit, my Second Part of Enthusiasme: the other, in my head yet wholly, but in better rea­dinesse to be brought to light, because of later conception; to wit, A Discourse of Credulity and Incredulity, in things Natural, Civil and Divine, or Theological. We shall meet there with many cases not so necessary here to be spoken of, which will help very much to clear this business.

¶ But here I say, first of all, It is a Maxim of Aristotle's the great Oracle of Nature, which many have taken notice of, and applyed to their several purposes: [...] That which is generally believed, is most like­ly to be true. Who also in another place of the same book doth approve the saying of Hesiod, [...] Now if a­ny opinion whereof question is made can justly pretend to a general assent and consent of all people, places, ages of the world, I think, nay, I know, and it will be proved that this of Witches, Spirits, and Apparitions may. I do not know scarce any ancient book extant of Philosopher or Historian (the Writings of professed Epicureans excepted, of Aristotle we shall give an account by and by) but doth afford some pregnant relation, testimony or passage to the confirmation of this truth. I dare say, should a man collect the relations and testimonies out of several Authors and books (that are come to our knowledge) within the compasse of two thousand years, of Authors well accounted of, generally, and vvhose testimonies (Histori­ans especially) vve receive in other things; a man might make a book of the biggest size and form that ordinary books (vvhich vve call Folioes) are. It is true, many Authors may vvrite one thing vvhich may prove false, as the famous history of the Phenix, perchance, or some such; but upon ex­amination it vvill appear that those many take all from one or tvvo at the most, vvho first delivered it. They add nothing in confirmation of their ovvn knovvledg or experience. But here it is quite othervvise; those ma­ny Authors that I speak of (Historians especially of several ages) they tell [Page] us different things that hapned in their own times, in divers places of the world: and of many of them we may say they were such as knew little of former books, or stories of other Nations but their own. Within these 200 years the world, we know, by the benefit of Navigation hath been more open and known then before; yea, a great part of the world disco­vered that was not known before. I have read many books, the best I could meet with, in several Languages, of divers Voyages into all parts of the world: I have conversed with many Travellers, whom I judged sober and discreet. I never read any book of that argument, nor yet met with man, that I have had the opportunity to confer with, but was able of his own knowledg to say somewhat whereby my belief of these things might be confirmed.

Now for the Epicureans (of all Philosophers the most inconsiderable in matters of knowledg, as former ages have described them) no man need to wonder if they denyed those things which by the solemn engagement of their Sect they were bound and resolved, notwithstanding any sight or sense, experience or evidence to the contrary, not to believe, at least not to acknowledg. This doth clearly appear by one that may be believed (though I have met with it in more) in such things. Lucian (himself a profest Epicurean Atheist) who doth commend Democritus, Epicurus and Met rodorus (the most famous of that Sect) for their [...] as he calls it, their fixed, irrevokeable, unconquerable resolution, when they saw any strange thing that by others vvas admired as miraculous, if they could find the cause or give a probable guesse, vvell and good, if not, yet not to depart from their first resolution, and still to believe and to maintain that it vvas false and impossible: It is a notable passage, and vvhich excel­lent use may be made of. I vvill therefore set dovvn his ovvn vvords for their sake that understand the Language: — [...] (speaking of some of Alexander the false Prophet his devices) [...] in Alex. Ald. ed. p. 179. [...] Who doubts that this is the resolution of many also in these dayes, not of them only vvho are Epicureans, vvhose manner of living (as vve have said before) doth engage them to this opinion, but of others also, vvho think it not for their credit (the vanity of vvhich belief nevertheless might easily appear, there being nothing so mean and ordinary in the vvorld vvherein the Wisdom of the vvisest, in the consideration of the causes, by the confession of best Naturalists, may not be posed) to believe any thing that they cannot give a probable reason of. Not to be wondred then if we see many, notwithstanding daily experience to the con­trary, to stick so close to those tenets which they have wedded themselves unto with so firm a resolution from the beginning, never to leave them, be they right or wrong.

As for Aristotle, I confesse his authority is very great with me; not be­cause I am superstitiously addicted to any of his opinions, which I shall e­ver be ready to forsake when better shall be shewed unto me. but because [Page] (besides the judgment of all accounted wise and learned in former ages) I am convicted in my judgment, that so much solid reason in all Arts and Sciences never issued from mortal man (known unto us by his writings) without supernatural illumination. Well: Aristotle doth not acknowledg Spirits, he mentions them not in any place. Let it be granted: And why should it be a wonder to any man that knows the [...] and purpose of Aristotle's Phylosophy? He lived when Plato lived; he had been his fellow Scho­ler under Socrates, and for some time his Scholer; but afterwards he be­came his aemulus, and pleased himself very much to oppose his Doctrine, insomuch as he is censured by some Ancients for his ingratitude. The truth is, Plato's writings are full of Prodigies, Apparitions of Souls, pains of Hell and Purgatory, Revelations of the gods, and the like. Wherein he is so bold that he is fain to excuse himself sometimes, and doth not desire that any man should believe him, according to the letter of his rela­tions, but in grosse only, that somewhat was true to that effect. Indeed he hath many divine passages, yea, whole Treatises, that can never be suffi­ciently admired in their kind; but too full of tales, for a Phylosopher, it cannot be denyed. Aristotle therefore resolved upon a quite contrary way: He would meddle with nothing but what had some apparent ground in Nature. Not that he precisely denyed all other things, but because he did not think that it was the part of a Phylosopher to meddle with those things that no probable reason could be given of. This doth clearly appear by a Divine passage of his, De part. [...]. l. 1. c. 5. where he divides Substances in [...] Eternal and Incorruptible, that is, in effect, Spiritual (for even Spirits that were created might be termed [...] that is, properly, That have not their beginning by [...]; but we will easily grant, that the cre­ation of Angels, good or bad, was not known to Aristotle: (we may un­derstand God, and Intelligences) and those, that [...] that is, are [...]. He goes on, As for Divine Substances, which we honour, we can say but little of them though we [...] it, because so little of them is exposed to sense [and Reason.] Mortal things that we are familiarly acquainted and daily converse with, we may know if we take pains. But much more should we rejoice in the know­ledg (yea though we know but a very little part) of things Divine for their excellen­cy, then in the knowledg of these worldly things though never so perfect and general But the comfort that we have of them (which doth make some [...]) is the certainty, and that they come within the compasse of Sciences. What could be said more Di­vinely by a man that had nothing by revelation? Truly, there appeareth unto me (if I may speak without offence and misconstruction) more Di­vinity in those words, then in some books that pretend to nothing else. Add to this another place of his in his Metaphysicks, where he saith, That though things supernatural be of themselves clear and certain, yet to us they are not so, who see them only with Owles eyes. Can we say then that Ari­stotle denyed those things that he forbore to write of, because they were (their natures and their qualities) above the knowledg of man? Neither is it absolutely true that Aristotle never wrote of Spirits and [...]. Cicero in his first book De Divinatione, hath a long story out of him of a shape or Spirit that appeared in a dream to one Eudemus (his familiar friend and [Page] quaintance) and foretold him strange things that came to passe. Clemens exandrinus hath a strange story out of him, of a Magical Ring, one or two, hich Excestus, King of the Phocenses did use, and foresaw things future them. It is to be found and seen among the fragments of Aristotles [...] that he did not deny Witches, may appear by that mention he makes of them in more then one place. How much he ascribed to common report and experience, though no reason could be given, doth appear by his 'reface to his Treatise De Divinatione per insomnia: where he proposeth the case, how hard it is for a rational man to believe any thing upon report which he can see no reason for; nay, which seemeth contrary to reason: as, for a man to foretel by dream what shall happen in another Kingdome far off without any apparent cause. But on the other side, saith he, not less hard to deny that which all men, or most men, do believe, to wit, that there be such predictions. For to say (his own words) that such dreams come from God, besides what else might be objected (which might easily be understood by them that understand his Doctrine) it is most unreason­able to believe that God would send them to men either vitious in their lives, or idiots and fools, of all men the most vile and contemptible, who have been observed to have such dreams oftner then better and wiser men. So leaving the businesse undetermined, he doth proceed to the consideration of those Prophetick dreams, for which some probable reason may be given. Yet in the second Chapter he saith directly, That though dreams be not [...] yet they may be perchance The Latine Inter­preter translates it Domoria; & I know not how it can be better expressed, though lyable to ambiguity. [...] for such he acknowledges Nature to be, not [...] but [...] on­ly. I will not enquire further into the meaning of these words; it is not to be done in few words. It plainly ap­pears that nothing troubled him so much (for he repeats the objection twice or thrice) as that God should be thought to favour either wicked men or fools. I wish no worse Doctrine had e­ver been Printed or Preached concerning God. But still let it be remem­bred that he knew of no Divine Word or Revelation. Yet Jul. Scaliger in his Commentaries upon Hypocrates De Insomniis, doth wonder that Aristotle should stick so much at this, and seems himself to give a reason grounded in Nature. Indeed he saith somewhat as to the case of fools and idiots, but nothing (that I remember) that reacheth to wicked men also. Let these things be considered, and let the Reader judge of how different tem­per Aristotle was from that of ancient or later Epicures. This mention of Aristotle and Plato puts me in mind of Socrates their Master, his Familiar Spirit; no Shape but a Voice only, by which his life and actions were much directed. The thing is attested by so many, so grave Authors where­of some lived at the very time, others not long after, or in times not very remote, that I know not how it can be questioned by any man. Neither indeed is it, that I remember, by any Heathens or Christians of ancient times, and there have been books written of it, divers, in Greek and Latine, whereof some are yet extant. But whether it were a good Spirit or an evil, some men have doubted, and it is free for any man to think what he pleaseth of it. For my part I ever had a Reverend opinion of Socrates, [Page] and do believe (if there be no impiety in it, as I hope not) that he was, as among Heathens in some respect, a fore-runner of Christ, to dispose them the better when the time should come to imbrace (and it did it effectually) the Gospel. Many other Phylosophers, that have been of greatest fame, were certainly great Magicians, as Orpheus, Pythagoras, Empedocles, and the like, as by those things that have been written of them by several ancient authors may be collected. But above all I give the pre-eminence to Apol­lonius Thianeus, a man of later times, and of whom we may speak with more confidence and certainty. This was the man whom ancient Hea­thens very tenacious of their former worship and superstitions, did pitch upon to oppose unto Christ. His Life hath been written by divers, four of them were joyned together and opposed to the four Gospels: and Hierocles, a famous Phylosopher of those times, made a Collation of his Miracles with those of Christs, who was answered by Eusebius, yet extant. Sure it is, they prevailed so much, that he was for a long time worshipped by many, and in sundry places as a very God; yea, by some Roman Em­perors, as we find in History. Philostratus hath written his Life in very Elegant stile (as Photius judged) in 8 books, which are extant. And though they contain many fabulous things, as any man may expect by the undertaking, yet have they so much truth and variety of ancient learning, that I think they deserve to be better known then commonly they are; but cannot be understood, I am sure, as they should be, by any transla­tion either Latine or French that ever I saw: For the Paris Edition, though it boast of great things (as the manner is) yet how Tittle was performed may easily appear unto any that will take the pains to compare it with the former edition of Aldus: Which I speak not to find fault, but because I wish that some able man would undertake the work; there is not any book, by the Translations yet extant, that more needeth it. What use Sca­liger made of him, may appear by his frequent quotations in his Notes upon Eusebius, in the History of those times. As for Appollonius his Mira­cles or wonderful Acts (which is our businesse here) though many things have been added, some, probably, done by Imposture, yet I do not see how it can be doubted but he did many strange things by the help of Spi­rits, which things may be judged by due observation of circumstances; as for example, That being convented before Domitian the Emperor in the pre­sence of many, he presently vanished and was seen a great way off (at Pute­oli I think) about the same time. That at the very time when Domitian was killed at Rome, he spake of it publickly and of the manner of it at E­phesus: and so of many others, which seem to me (as unto most) almost unquestionable. The greatest wonder to me is, that such was his port and outward appearance of Sanctity aud Simplicity, that even Christians have thought reverently of him, and believed that he did his wonders by the power of God, or by secret Philosophy and knowledg of Nature not re­vealed unto other men. So Justine Martyr, one of the ancient Fathers of the Church judged of him, as is well known. Most later Phylosophers that lived about Julians time, and before that, as also the Emperors them­selves, many of them, were great Magicians and Necromancers, as may [Page] easily appear, partly by their own writings, and partly by the History of those times.

I do very much wonder whether any man, being a Scholer, and not strongly prepossessed, that doth not believe Spirits, &c. can say that he e­ver read the books of Tryals and Confessions of Witches and Wizards, such I mean, as have been written by learned and judicious men. Such as, for example, I account Nichol. Remigius, his Demonolatria: ex judiciis capitalibus 900 plus minus hominum, &c. grounded especially upon the Confessions and Condemnations of no lesse then 900 men and women in Lorraine within the compasse of few years. That he was a learned man, I think no body will deny that hath read him; and that he was no very credulous and super­stitious man (though a Papist) that also is most certain: and I have won­dred at his liberty many times. I know not how it is now in those pla­ces; but by what I have read and heard of the doings of Witches and Sor­cerers in Geneva and Savoy in former times ‘(I could say somewhat of my self, how my life was preserved there very strangely, but my witnesses are not, and I will not bring their credit in question for such a businesse.)’ I am of opinion, That he that should have maintained there that there was no such thing as Witches, or Spirits, &c. would have been thought by most either mad and brain-sick (so frequent and visible were the effects to sober eyes) or a Witch himself. For indeed it is ordinary enough, that those that are so really, are very willing (which deceiveth many) to be thought Impostors, and there is good reason for it: I should sooner sus­pect him an Impostor that doth professe himself (except it be by way of confession, as many have done) and is ambitious to be counted a Witch or Sorcerer. I remember I saw a book some years ago, intituled, De l'incon­stance des mauvais Anges & Demons, printed at Paris 1612. in quarto, and ano­ther of the same Author, and size, intituled, L'incredulite & mescreauce du sor­tilege, Paris 1642. Strange stories are told there of a Province of France, a­bout that time (or little before) marvellously infested with Witches and Sorcerers, insomuch that people did not know one another (in some one place) in the streets, by reason of evil Spirits appearing publickly in the shape of men; and that the proceedings of justice (which doth not hap­pen often) were sometimes disturbed by them. I think the Author him­self was one that was sent to the place by the King with some authority, and to make report. But as I do not altogether trust my memory, having had but a sight of the books (it was at the Bell in St. Pauls Church-yard:) So I beseech the Reader not to rest upon this account that I give him upon my best remembrance, but to peruse the books himself. I am confident he may receive good satisfaction, being things that were not done in a corner, but very publickly and well attested as I remember. However the reader must give me leave (though it be not to this purpose, lest my si­lence Tom 11. p. 608. Mer. Cas. Pietas. be drawn to the prejudice of the truth) to tell him, that I met with one great falshood there concerning my own fa­ther (of Bl. M.) which I have abundantly refuted, and all others of that nature, when I was yet very young. But that (as I conceive) which in all these stories would most puzzle a rational man, is the signes which are set [Page] down by many how witches may be known, as Teats, swimming upon the wa­ter, dry eyes, and the like: which things indeed have some ground of truth, being limited to particular times and places, but are not of Voss. de Idolol. 111. 180, 181. general application. Mr. Vossius had therefore reason to find fault with Springerus and Bodinus for making that a certain token of a Witch that she cannot weep. Who also in the same place doth well except against the tryal of [...] as he calls it (com­monly, purgatio per aquam frigidam) condemned by many. But he had done well to have limited his exception, and to have shewed how, and when, and how far such observations may be used. Forcertainly they are not al­together to be neglected. But the reasons of such observations or marks that are given by some, are so ridiculous, that they would make a sober man (that hath not patience enough to ponder all things diligently) to suspect all the rest. So one tels us, That when the Cock croweth the so­lemn meetings of Witches (which opinion perchance may prove ancient enough, as we shall shew elsewhere) are dissolved: and he thinks a rea­son may be because of the crowing of the Cock in the Gospel, when St. Peter denyed Christ. Another tells us, That Witches being well beaten trunco vitis (with a Vine stick or club) Maleficia illata solvere saevillina coguntur, have no more force to do hurt, or, that the party bewitched recovereth. And the reason (he thinks, and yet he no ordinary man neither) ex mysterio vini & vineae dilectae Deo, ex cujus mysterio So in my Copy, it may be it should be, vitis & vin. quotidie Sacramentum Sacrosancti Sanguinis Domini conficitur, &c. But I shall have a more proper place for the full examination of these things in one of the two Treatises before mentioned. It cannot be denyed but this whole businesse of Witches, what through ignorance, what through malice, is very lyable to many mistakes and di­vers impostures. And it were to be wished that in all such Trials some prudent Divines, and learned experienced Physicians might be joyned. But hence to conclude with Wierius (who neverthelesse doth acknowledg Spirits, and the Illusions and Apparitions of Divels, and their mischiev­ous opperations as much as any, and tells as strange things of them) and some others, that therefore there are no Witches and Sorcerers, is as if a man should deny the power of herbs because a thousand things have been written of them of old, and are yet daily falsely and superstitiously. And indeed it so fell out once in Rome, as by Plinie is recorded at large, Where when some ascribed such power unto Herbs, as though Sun and Moon had been subject unto them, the dead might be raised, armies vanquished, and what not! which was not very well relished by many: at last came Ascle­piades, who perswaded men that were very well disposed to be perswaded, that all Physical use of Herbs and Simples was a meer cheat, and that men were better want them, there being other means easier and lesse trouble­some to restore health and overcome diseases, which he professed to teach: and prevailed so far for a while, that they were laid aside, and a new course of Physick introduced. Which for a while, as I said, (so prone are men commonly to entertain new divices) gave good content generally. It is well observed by Aristotle (and I think a great part of humane wisdome [Page] dependeth on it) that in all things of the world that are commendable, as there is somewhat which is true and real, so somewhat also which is counterfeit and false. There is beauty Natural, saith he, and there is Ar­tificial beauty by painting and trimming. A true, sound, healthy complex­ion, and that which makes a good shew, but is not sound. True, real gold and silver, but divers things also that may be taken for gold and sil­ver at a distance, or by them that judge at the outward appearance. So, true, sound Ratiocination, and that which seems so to the unlearned, or to corrupt judgments, though it be very false. They that consider well of this, may the sooner come to the knowledg of truth in all things.

Well: we go on.

There was in Aix (Aquae Sextiae anciently, now Aquensis Civitas) in Pro­vence (a County of France so called) in the year of the Lord 1611. a Ro­mish Priest tryed, convicted, and by Sentence of the Court or Parliament condemned to be burned alive for abominable practises, and horrid things by him upon divers (some persons of quality) committed with and by the Divel. He had long desired it and sought it; at last the divel appeared to him in the habit of a Gentleman. The story is in divers books, French and Latine, and translated (at that time I believe) in divers languages. I would goe forty miles with all my heart to meet with that man that could tell me any thing whereby I might but probably be induced to believe, or at least to suspect, that there might be some mistake in the particulars of his Sentence. For my reason, I must confesse, was never more posed in any thing that ever I read of that nature. Gassendus indeed in Pereskius his life, hath somewhat (as I remember) of Pereskius his Opinion, as if he thought some of those things he confessed might be ascribed unto imagi­nation; but I see no reason given: neither are the things of that nature, that can admit any such suspicion. Besides, Tristan, of the Lives of the Em­perors and their Coynes, will tell you somewhat which may make a doubt, whether Gassendus ought to be believed in all things that he reporteth con­cerning that famous man. I am not very much satisfied of what Religi­on (though truly a very learned man) Gassendus was. And by the way (which is somewhat to the case of Witches in general) if I be not mistak­en (for I have it not at this time) there is a relation in that very book of somewhat that hapned to Pereskius by Witches when he was a child. That wicked Sorcerer which was burned at Aix, foretold before his death that some misfortune would be done at the time and place of his execution, which hapned accordingly, and very strangely too. Somewhat again, I must confesse, I have seen printed (Mimica Diaboli, &c.) to take away the scandal of some part of his confession, or the Devils saying of Masse, &c. some part of which things might perchance with some colour be ascribed to imagination: but that is not it that troubles me. But enough of him

What man is he, that pretends to learning, that hath not heard, and doth not honour the memory of Joachimus Camerarius, that great light of Germany? so wise (and for his wisdom, and other excellent parts, sought unto by many Princes) so moderate a man (an excellent temper for the [Page] attaining of Truth) and so versed in all kind of learning, that we shall scarce among all the learned of these later Times find another so generally accomplished. The strangest relations that ever I read, or at least as strange as any I have read of Witches, and Sorcerers, and Spirits, I have read in him: such as either upon his own knowledge he doth relate, or such as he believed true upon the testimonie of others known unto him. The last work that he ever went about for the publick was, De generibus Divinationum, but he did not live (the more the pity) to make an end of it. But so much as he had done was set out by one of his learned sons, Lipsiae, [...] Dom. 1576. There p 33- he hath these words, De Spirituum verò, quae sunt Graecis [...] admirabili non solum efficacitate, sed manifesta Specie, quae [...] perbibentur, praesentiâ; incredibiles extant passim [...] narrationes, & nostris tem­pombus super antia fidem comperta sunt, extra etiam [...] de quibus posteà aicetur. So p. 89. & p. 151. again and more fully. But his strangest relations are in his Proaemium to Plutarchs two Treatises, De Defectu Oraculorum, and De. Fi­gura E I Consecratâ Delphis, set out by him with Notes. Here I could come in with a whole cloud of witnesses, name hundreds of men of all Nations and professions that have lived within this last hundred years, and not any among them but such as have had, and have yet generally the reputation of Honest, Sober, Learned and Judicious, who all have been of this opini­on that we maintain. But because we have to do with them especially who by their Profession pretend to the Knowledge of Nature above other men, I will confine my self for further testimony to them that have been of that Profession. I have been somewhat curious for one of my Calling, that had no other end but to attain to some Knowledge of Nature, with­out which a man may quickly be lead into manifold delusions and Im­postures. I have read some, looked into many I do not remember I have met with any professed Physician or Naturalist (some one or two ex­cepted, which have been or shall be named) who made any question of these things. Sure I am, I have met with divers strange relations in sundry of them, of things that themselves were present at, and saw with their own eyes, where they could have no end, that any man can probably suspect, but to acknowledge the truth, though with some disparagement to them­selves (according to the judgment of many) in the free confession of their own ignorance and disability to give reasons, and to penetrate into causes. Well: what then shall we say to such as Jul. Caesar, Scaliger, Fernelius, Sen­nertus, the wonders and Oracles of their times? As Physicians so Phylo­sophers, men of that profound wisdom and experience (much improved in some of them by long life) as their writings shew them to have been to this day. What shall we make of them? or what do they make of them­selves, that will censure such men as either cheaters or ignorant idiots? Henericus Saxonia, a Learned Professor and Practiser of Physick in Padua, in that Book he hath written of that horrible Polonian Disease, which he calls Pticam, which turneth mens hairs (in sight) to Snakes and Serpents; in that book he doth ascribe so much to the power of Witches and Sorce­rers in causing Diseases, not private only but even publick, as Pestilences and the like, as himself confesseth he could never have believed, until he [Page] was convicted by manifest experience; and indeed is wonderful, and may well be thought incredible unto most, yet is maintained and asserted by Sennertus [...] and in his sixth book (as I remember, De [...] à fascino, incantatione, & veneficiis inductis. I will forbear the names of many men of fame and credit, Physicians too, because most of them are named (and commonly enough known) by Sennertus upon this occasion. There is one, whom I think inferiour to none, though perchance not so com­monly known or read, and that is, Georgius Raqusaius a Venetian, who by his first education and profession was an Astrologer, cast many Nativities, and took upon him to Prognosticate; but afterwards conscious to himself of the vanity of the Art (that is, when the Divel doth not intermeddle, as al­wayes must be understood: for some Astrologers have been Magicians withall, and have done strange things) gave it over, and hath written a­gainst it very Learnedly and Solidly. Read him, if you please, in his Chap­ters De Magis, De Oraculis; yea, through his whole Book De Divinatione, and you may be satisfied what he thought of these things: he also was a Phy­sician. But I must not omit the Learned Author that set out Musoeum Vero­nense, a great Naturalist and a Physician too; he handles it at the end of that work somewhat roundly and to the quick, I must confesse, but very [...] and Solidly, in my judgment, against those pretended Peripa­teticians, that would be thought to defend the opinion of Aristotle herein. I could say somewhat of ancienter Physicianstoo, and give some account of those many Spels and Charmes that are in Trallienus, in all his books; an ancicnt Physician, in high esteeme with some eminent Physicians of these late times, as they themselves have told me; though not for his Charms, but for his other learning and excellent experience, which they had found good use of But this I reserve for another place & work. And this men­tion of that eminent Physician who commended Trallienus unto me, puts me in mind of what he imparted himself, not long before his death, of his own knowledge and experience; and particularly of the [...] he gave me of the examination of a Conjurer in Salisbury, at which, he said, none were present but King James, (of most Blessed Memory) the Duke of Buckingham, and himself: It is likely some others may have heard the same, and I had rather any body should tell it then I, who was then a patient under him, and [...] not, were I put to it, trust to my memory for every circum­stance

Hitherto I have gone by Authorities rather then Arguments, partly because I thought that the [...] and the clearest way for every bodies capacity, and partly, because such Arguments (if any besides these we have here) as have been used against this opinion, may be found fully an­swered in those I have cited. The truth is, it is a Subject of that nature as doth not admit of many Arguments, such especially as may pretend to subtilty of Reason, Sight, Sense, and Experience (upon which most Humane Knowledge is grounded) generally approved and certain, is our best Ar­gument. But before I give over, I will use one Argument which perchance may prove of some force and validity, and that is, A consideration of the strange shifts and evasions and notorious absurdities that these men are put [Page] to, who not being able to deny the [...] or matter of Fact, would seem to say some­what rather then to acknowledg Spirits, and Divels, and Witchcraft. Pompo­natius, who hath not heard of? I once had the book, I know not now what is become of it. But I remember well, I never was more weary of reading then when I read him; nothing that ever I read or heard of Legends and old womans tales did seem to me more groundlesse and incredible. But be­cause those men bear themselves very much upon the power of imagina­tion (which indeed is very great, and doth produce strange effects) I shall commend to the sober Reader that hath not yet met with him, Tho. Eienus his Learned Tractat, De Viribus Imaginationis, a very Rational and Philoso­phical discourse. Of their miserable shifts and evasions in general, the Author or Observator rather of Musaeum Veronense, before quoted, will give you a good account. I have at this present in my hands the writings of a Physician, Augerius Ferrerius by name. What he was for a Physician I know not; all (I doubt) of that profession will not allow very well of his Pre­face to his Castigationes Practicae Medicinae, whatever they think of the Casti­gationes themselves. But in general, his Stile, and various reading, and knowledge of good Authors, speak him a Learned man sufficiently. Thu­anus in his History gives him a most ample Elogium, and makes him to have been Jul. C. Scaliger his intimate acquaintance and much respected by him. But I doubt whether Thuanus had ever seen this book of his: it doth not appear by that Elogium that he had. Well, this Learned man in his Chap­ter De Homerica (so he calls it) Medicatione, where he treats of cures done by Charms and Spels, by Words and Characters, which others impute com­monly to Witchcraft: first, for the [...] he doth not deny it: (Nam iis quae senfibus exposita sunt contravenire, sani [...] non est.) He thinks them little better then mad men that will deny that which is approved by so visible experience. Yet it seems he was one of them that did not believe, or would not believe (though he doth not say so positively) Spirits and Witch­es, and Supernatural Operations. What then? he plainly maintaineth and argueth it (though he quote no Gospel for it) that such is the nature of the Soul of man (if he know how to use it) that by a strong faith and confidence it may work any miracle without a miracle: Verum confidentia illa, ac firma persuasio (that you may have some of his words if you have not the book) comparatur indoctis animis per opinionem quam de Caracteribus & sacris verbis conceperunt. Doctis & rerum intelligentiam habentibus, nihil opus est externi, sed cognitâ vi animi, per eam miracula edere possunt. &c. And again alittle after, Doctus veró & sibi constans solo verbo sanabit. I do not hence conclude that this Ferrerius, though he speak as though he were, and names no body else, that he was the first or only that hath been of this opinion. Avicenne the Arab was the first, as I take it, that set it on foot: some others have fol­lowed him in it. But since these men acknowledg the strange effects that others deny, let the sober Reader judge whether of the two more likely to grant Spirits and Divels, or to make the Soul of man (of every man, na­turally) either a God or a Divel. But let men take heed how they attempt to do Miracles by their strong faith and confidence, for that is the ready way to bring the Divel unto them, and that is it which hath made many Witch­es [Page] and Sorcerers. As for that Faith whereby men did work Miracles in the Primitive times, spoken of in the Gospel, commonly called, The Faith of Miracles, that is quite another thing, which I shall not need to speak of in this place. Of a strong confidence in God, even in them that are not otherwise very godly, whether it may not, according to Gods first order and appointment, produce sometimes some strange effects; we have had a consideration elsewhere, where we treat of Precatorie Enthusiasm. But this also is quite another thing, as may appear by what we have written of it.

But to conclude this part; upon due consideration of the premises, and what else I have in readinesse upon the same Subject (if God give me life and health) I cannot satisfie my self how any Learned man, sober and rational, can entertain such an opinion (simply and seriously) That there be no Divels nor Spirits, &c. But upon this account which I give my self (leaving all men to their own judgments herein) that if there be any such truly and really, it must needs be because being at first prepossessed upon some plausible ground, and being afterwards taken up with other thoughts and employments, they are more willing to stick to their former opi­nion without further trouble, then to take the pains to seek further. [...] as Thucy­dides doth very well observe. And when we say, A Learned man, there is much ambiguity in that word. For a man may be (not to speak of the ignorance of the common people, in those climates especially, who think all Learning concluded in preaching; and now in these times too, them best Preachers that in very deed have least Learning, but preach by Instinct and Inspiration, as they call it) but a man, I say, may be a Learned Man, a very Learned man in some one kind or profession, even to Excellency and Admiration, who neverthelesse is and may be found ignorant enough in other kinds: but a general Learned man is a thing of a vast extent, and not often seen. It is a businesse of an infinite labour, besides that it requireth Natural parts answerable; without which (judg­ment specially) the more pains sometimes the more ignorance. I aim not by this at any particular man or men (Deum testor) I would much rather submit to the censure of others my self, then take upon me to censure any; but the observation is of very good use, I know it, and may give much sa­tisfaction in many cases, and have given an instance of it in Tertullian, and some others elsewhere.

I have done for this time; I come now to the Objections, wherein I shall not need to be very long, because they run much upon one thing, Imposture, which hath already been spoken of and answered. But yet somewhat more particularly shal be answered.

First, Of Miracles. It cannot be denyed but the world is full of horrible Impostures in that particular: Yet I believe, that some supernatural things, as cures, &c. do happen in every age, for which no rea­son can be given, which also for the strangenesse may be called Mi­racles. But if we limit (with most) the word to those things that proceed immediately from God or divine power: I shall not be [Page] very ready to yield that many such Miracles are seen in these Dayes. But I will not further argue the Case in this place. Well, let us take Miracles in the ordinary Sense: I verily believe that many such things do happen in many places; but that through negligence partly, and partly through incredulity, they are not regarded oftentimes, or soon forgotten. And wiser men, sometimes, though they know or believe such things, yet are not they very forward to tell them, lest they bring themselves into con­tempt with those supposed wise men, who will sooner laugh at any thing they do not understand, then take the pains to rectifie their ignorance or inform their judgments. I hope I shall do no wrong to the Memory of that Venerable, Incomparable Prelate, BISHOP ANDREWES, for Sound Learning and True Piety whilest he lived, one of the greatest Lights of this Land; if I set down two Stories, which we may call Miracles, both which he did believe to be true, but for one of them, it seemes, he did undertake upon his own knowledge: The one, concerning a noted, or at least by many suspected Witch or Sorceress, which the Divel, in a strange shape, did wait upon (or for rather) at her death. The other, concerning a man, who after his death was restored to life to make Confession of a horrible Murder committed upon his own Wife, for which he had never been suspected; both these, as he related them to my F. (in familiar con­versation) and my F. did enter them for a remebrance into some of his Adversaria. In the substance I believe there could be no mistake, but if there be any mistake in any Circumstances, as of Names, or otherwise, that must be imputed to my F. who was a stranger, not to the tongue only, but to all businesses (more then what might be known by printed books, and such publick wayes) of England.

The First, thus:

L. vetula Londinensis, cui morienti Diabolus affuit.

Mira Historia quam narrabat ut sibi compertissimam Dom. Episcopus. Fuit quaedam L. mulier ditissima, et curiosis artibus adaictissima: vicina aedibus Fulconis, qui fuit pater Domini Fulconis, totâ Angliâ celeberrimi; atque adeo lectissimae ma­tronae, matri ejusdem Fulconis, familiarissima. Haec per omnem vitam sorti­legiis dedita, & eo nomine infamium muliercularum amica et patrona: Cui mo­rienti cum adstarent quà viri, quà faeminae gravissimi; animadversum est sub horam mortis, adstitisse ad pedes lecti hominem vultu terribilem, vulpinis pellibus amictum, quem ipsa contentis oculis intuebatur; ille, ipsam. Quaesitum est à janito­re, quare illum admisisset ille negarae se vel vidisse. Tandem secedunt ad fenestram duo vel tres, consilium capturi quid illo facerent. Erat quidam Senator in­gentis nominis..... qui bis Praetor Londinensis fuit: item Pater Fulconis, et alii. Placet illis ipsum compellare et rogare quis esset. Hoc animo repetunt pri­ora loca sua ad lectum. Interim L. vocem magnam edit, quasi animam ageret; omnes illam cutare, spectare, sublevare; mox redit ad se illi ignotum illum requirunt oculis. Nusquam apparet. An [...]orae spatium moritur aegra.

The other thus,

Kalend. August. Narrabat hodie mihi rem miram, Reverendiss. Praesul, Domin. Episcop. Eliensis: quam ille acceptam auribus suis à te­ste oculato & auctore, credebat esse verissimam. Est vicus in Urbe Londino, [Page] qui dicitur, Vicus Longobardorum. In eo vico Paraecia est, & aedes paraecialis, in qua fuit Presbyter, homo summae fidei, et notae Pietatis, ..... An. 1563. quo anno, si unquam aliàs, pestis grassata est per hanc Urbem Londinum. Narravit igi­tur hic Parrochus et passim aliis, et ipsi quoque Dom. Episcopo sibi hoc accidisse. Erat illi amicus in suâ Paraeciâ insignis; vir, ut omnes existimabant, probus et pius. Hic peste correptus advocavit Presbyterum illum suum amicum, qui et aegrotanti affu­it, et vidit morientem nec deseruit nisi mortuum; ita Demum repetiit domum suam. Post horas satis multas à morte hujus, cùm ipse pro mortuo esset relictus in cubiculo; uxor illius idem cubiculum est ingressa, ut ex arcâ promeret Lodicem, sine linteamen ad ipsum [...] ut est moris. Ingressa audit hanc vocem, operi intenta. Quis hic est? terreri illa, et velle egredi, sed auditur iterum vox illa: Quis hic est? Ac tandem comperto esse mariti vocem, accedit ad illum: Quid, ait, marite; tu igitur mortuus non es? et nos te pro mortuo compositum deserveramus. Ego verò, respondit ille, verè mortuus fuit sed ita Deo visum, ut anima mea rediret ad corpus. Sed tu uxor, ait, Si quid habes cibi parati, da mihi esurio enim. Dixit illa veruecinam habere se, pullum gallinaceum, et nescio quid aliud: sed omnia incocta, quae brevi esset paratura. Ego, ait ille, Moram non fero; panem habes, ait, et caseum? quum annuisset, atque pe­tiisset afferri, comedit spectante uxore: deinde advocato Presbytero, et jussis exire è cubiculo omnibus qui aderant; narrat illi hoc: Ego, ait, verè mortuus fui; sed jussa est anima redire ad suum corpus, ut scelus apperiram ore meo, manibus meis admissum, de quo nulla unquam cuiquam nota est suspicio. Priorem namque uxorem meam ipse occidi manibus meis, tantâ vafritie, ut omnes res lateret: deinde modum perpetrati sceleris exposuit; nec ita multò post expiravit, ac verè tum mortuus est.

There is no necessity that any body should make of either of these re­lations an Article of his Faith; yet I thought them very probable, because believed by such a man, and therefore have given them a place here. So much of Miracles.

Of Exorcismes we must say as of Miracles. One notable example of a counterfeit Possession, and of great stirs likely to have insued upon it in France, we have out of Ihuanus, in our late Treatise of Enthusiasme. The Hi­story of the Boy of Bilson is extant, who by the Wisdom and Sagacity of the R R F. in God Thomas, Lord Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, was discovered to be an Impostor on purpose set up and suborned to promote the Ro­mish cause, An. Dom. 1620. Such examples and stories most Countries have afforded good store, which are extant in divers Languages. Neither must it be concealed (by them that seek truth without partiality) that some, once called Disciplinarians, now more known by another name, have attempted to deal in those things, hoping thereby to gain great advantage to their cause. It was a famous Story in Q. Elizabeth's Reign, though now per­chance out of the knowledg of many, and beyond the remembrance of any living, how one Mr. D. a very zealous man of that Sect, did take upon him by long prayers to cast out Divels, so maintained and asserted with great vehemency by him and some others that [...]oured that cause, though upon legal examination they proved otherwise, which occasioned many books on both sides in those dayes, but two, melioris notae, as we say, writ­ten by Dr. H. concerning Exorcismes; the one against Papists, the other a­gainst P. I have them both somewhere yet, I hope, but can not come at [Page] them at this time, which is the cause that I cannot particularize that bu­sinesse with circumstances of times, and names or persons as I would. But there were many other books written (some very big, which I have seen) about it, as I said before; so that the whole businesse, with very little in­quisition, if any have a mind, may quickly be found out. One Book­seller in Little Britain did help me to the sight of six or seven at once; yet one of the books then written, and as I was told, upon this occasion much commended unto me by some very Learned, to wit, Dr. Jordan, of the Suffocation of the Matrix, I long sought before I could meet with it. And such was the ignorance of some Booksellers, that I could not perswade them there was any such book extant: but now at last I have got it. All the use I shall make of it at this time is, that whereas the whole dirft of the book tends unto this, to shew the error of many in ascribing natural diseases to supernatural causes, which might be thought by some to favour their o­pinion that believe not Witches, &c. The Author doth very prudently and piously make this profession in the Preface, I do not deny but that God doth in these dayes work extraordinarily for the deliverance of his children, and for other ends best known to himself; and that among other there may be both possessions by the Divel, and obsessions, and Witch-craft, &c. and dispossession also through the Prayers and Sup­plications of his servants, which is the only means left unto us for our relief in that case, but such examples being very rare now adayes, &c. Yet for all this I do not con­clude that Mr. D. was guilty of any Imposture: he might do it through ignorance being cozened by others. I have heard he was an honest man, and dyed piously, and disclaimed to the very last that he did any thing in that businesse otherwise then Bonâ Fide. I would judge charitably, even of those men that are not guilty of much charity towards others, whose judgments and consciences will not suffer them (though men of approv­ed worth and piety otherwise) to say as they say, and to do as they do in all things. Be it granted therefore, that this businesse of Exorcismes is ly­able to much Imposture: however, no man that hatho read the relations of men and women possest, in several places, with due observation of cir­cumstances, some of which relations, besides other persons of credit, have been attested; yea, some penned and published by learned Physicians and Naturalists, who have been employed about the Cure, observed their car­riage, heard some of them speak strange Languages: silly women possest, discourse of highest points of Phylosophy, or the Mathematicks and the like. No man, I say, that is not a stranger to these things (besides what some Travellers, no way interessed in the cause, can aver upon their own knowledge) will make any question either of the real possession of divers, according to relations that have been made, or of the Divels speaking in them and by them when they have been Exorcised; and sometimes upon bare conference. And though some Protestants are of opinion, That it is not lawful or warrantable for any man to take upon him to Exorcise upon such occasions, that is, (as I conceive) by way of absolute power and au­thority, and by superstitious wayes and means, as is ordinarily done: Yet where a man hath a Calling, as if he be lawfully Called to the Mini­stry, and set over such a Parish where any happen to be possessed (as in­deed [Page] my self have a Parish, that is, right to a Parish as good B. [...] as the Laws of the Land can give me, which hath been grievously haunt­ed, though not altogether in the same kind, this many years, to the un­doing of many there; but I must not come near it, nor have the benefit of the Law to recover my right, though never told why) and he find himself zealously moved, yet without presumption, I would not despair, but his prayers, with other performances of devotion, and the assistance of some others of the same calling, might prove available before God: but still presupposed, as most expedient and necessary, that the opinion and resolution of some Learned and conscionable Physician, one or more, be had in the case; and their presence also in all actions, if it may be had, obtained. Some, it may be, will thank me, and I hope it will offend none, it I impart unto them what I have found in my F. his Ephemeris (or, Daily account of his life) tending to this purpose.

Anno Dom. 603. Kal Junii. Quem memsem, et reliquos omnes velis ô Deus, &c. [...] q. hetum egimus, cum matre, uxore, affine, et viro nobili, Dom. de Couns. et nobili item matrona, D de St. Pons: qui omnes in re pietatis [...] Ecclesiam hujus loci assiduè celebravimus. Inter alios Sermones quos habui cum D. de St. Pons, de ministro provinciae Vivaretii sumus locuti, cui nomen Mercero. Regit ille in eo tractu plutes parvas Ecclesias; habitat a. in loco, qui dicitur, Chasteau-double. Acceperam de eo ex valgi rumoribus, quod vim Daemonas ejiciendi haberet: quaefivi, [...] de D. de St Pons quid rei esset. Illa seriò affirmavit, plures Daemoniacos (decem aut circiter) in Ecclesiam auductos, eo concionante primùm, dein orante, [...], et Confesstone omnium fuisse sanatos. Quosdam Demonas it a eum certis signis [...], ut res apud omnes fieret testatissima. Porró autem omnes qui sanati sunt, [...] Catholicam Romanam ante semper professos. Mercerum verò impatientis­sum ferre, si qnis inter loquendum, ut fit, diceret, Mercerum Diabolos ejicere, non [...] se, [...] Ecclesiam Dei esse nominandam, cujus precibus ardentissimis Dei au­res [...]. Dom et illi et universo gregi suorum benedicat. Amen.

In English (for their sakes that understand no Latine, and that it be not required alwayes, for it would be very tedious) this is the effect, At such a time, in such a place, he had the opportunity to meet with a grave (whether Lady or Gentlewoman) Matron, one he had a very good opini­on of; her name M. de St. Pons, and having often heard by common re­port of a certain Protestant Minister that was said to cast out Divels, he did accurately inform himself by her (she living, it seems, very near, if not in the same parish) of all particulars concerning that businesse; who did averre it to be most true, and that ten, or thereabonts, Demo­moniacks, or possessed men (all making profession of the Roman Catho­lick Religion) had been brought to the Church (at several times, as I take it) and that publickly, and by the generall confession of all then pre­sent, and by some notable signes (sometimes) at the going out of the Devils; they were, upon his Praying after Sermon, all delivered. But that he took it very hainously if any said, that he had cast out Devils; For, not I, said he, but the earnest Prayers of the Church, have prevailed with Almighty God to work this wonderful thing.

As for Oracles: It is true, Heathens themselves acknowledg, that some [Page] were the jugglings of men. Sometimes Princes; sometimes private men: (as now of Religion, of Preaching, and Praying, and Fasting; of Masses and Processions: most Princes and States in all places) made good use of them to their owne ends; and made them speak what themselves had prom­pted. But a man might as probably argue; because some have been so free­ly acknowledged to have been by compact and subornation, it is the more likely, that those of which never any suspicion was, should be true. We read of many in Herodotus: of one, which was contrived by fraud; but there we read also, that when it came to be known (though care had been taken that it might not:) the chief Contriver, a great man, was banished, or prevented worse, by a voluntary Exile; and the Sacred Virgin or Prophetesse, deposed. But not to insist upon particulars, which would be long, it is most certain, and it will cleerly appear unto them that are well read in anci­edest Authors and Histories, That all Heathens, generally the wisest and learn­edest of them, those especially, that lived when Oracles were most frequent, did really believe them to be, which they pretended unto: and that they were so indeed, for the most part (taking it for granted that their Gods were Divels or Evil Spirits) by many circumstances of Stories, and by other good proofs, may be made as evident: neither was it ever doubted or denyed (al­wayes granted and presupposed, that, as in all worldly things, much impo­sture did in tervene and intermingle) by ancient Christians acknowledged, I am sure, by most, if not all. But I have spoken of them elsewhere already, and therefore will be the shorter here.

Our last Objection was: If there be Devils and Spirits, Why do they not ap­pear unto them, who do what they can, as by continual curses, so by profane curiosity to invite them? First, We say, [...] When we have good ground for the [...] to stick at the [...] be­cause we do not understand the reason, is as much as to say, that we think we should be as wise as God. Aristotle did not meddle with things that he could give no reason of; yet he did not deny them (as we have shewed) and it is one thing to require a reason of things meerly natural; and another of those that happen by a meer secret Providence. But this will give them no great satisfaction who perchance believe a God (some) as much as they believe a Devil. Secondly, Therefore we say, There may be some natural rea­son too, upon Aristotles grounds. Aristotle (as hath been shewed elsewhere) compares the effects of Melancholy, from whence he deriveth all kind of En­thusiasm, to the known effects of Wine. What is the reason, that some men with little wine will quickly be drunk, and become other Creatures, being deprived for the time of the use of reason? Others though they drink ne­ver so much, will sooner burst then reel, or speak idly. as some in their excess grow merry, others sad: some calm and better natured; others furi­ous: some talkative, others stupid. The Devil knowes what tempers are best for his turn; and by some in whom he was deceived, he hath got no credit, and wished he had never meddled with them. Some men come into the world with Cabalistical Brains; their heads are full of mysteries; they see nothing, they read nothing, but their brain is on work to pick somewhat out of it that is not ordinary; and out of the very ABC that children are taught, rather then fail, they will fetch all the Secrets of Gods Wisdom; tell [Page] you how the world was created, how governed, and what will be the end of all things. Reason and Sense that other men go by, they think the acorns that the old world fed upon; fools and children may be content with them but they see into things by another Light. They commonly give good re­spect unto the Scriptures (till they come to profest Anabaptists) because they believe them the Word of God and not of men; but they reserve unto them­selves the Interpretation, and so under the title of Divine Scripture, worship what their own phansie prompts, or the devil puts into their heads. But of all Scriptures the Revelation and the obscure Prophesies are their delight; for there they rove securely; and there is not any thing so prodigious or chi­merical, but they can fetch it out of some Prophesie, as they will interpret it. These men, if they be upright in their lives and dealings, and fear God tru­ly, it is to be hoped that God will preserve them from further evil; but they are of a dangerous temper; Charitable men will pity them, and sober men will avoid them. On the other side, some there are whose brains are of a stiff and restive mould; it will not easily receive new impressions. They will hardly believe any thing but what they see; and yet rather not believe their eyes; then to believe any thing that is not according to the course of nature, and what they have been used unto. The devil may tempt such by sensual baits, and catch them; but he will not easily attempt to delude them by ma­gical Shews and Apparitions. And what sober man, that believeth as a God, so a divel, doth doubt, but they that make it their daily practice to damn them­selves, by such horrid oaths and curses, are as really possest, yea far more in the possession of the devil, then many that foam at the mouth, and speak strange languages?

But 3dly Some have tried and used the means, but could never see any thing but what if others that never desired it really, but in some wanton curiosity, unadvisedly, that they might be the better able to confute the simplicity of some others as they thought, rather then that their faith wanted any such con­firmation, have tryed some things, or have been present at some experiments and have seen (with no small astonishment) more then they expected or de­sired? Some persons of credit and quality, I am sure, have made it their con­fession unto me, that it hath so hapned unto them; who have been so affected with it, that they would not for a world be so surprized again.

But 4ly and lastly, The Confessions of some Magicians are extant in print, who tell very particularly what means they used, what books they read, &c. and they saw and found (if we believe them; and what should tempt them to lye, no melancholy men, I know not) till they were weary, and Gods grace wrought upon their hearts to bring them to repentance. There be such confes­sions extant, but the Reader shal pardon me, if I give him no further account. It would much better becom them therefore, that have made such essays with­out successe, to repent, and to be thankful unto God, then to make that an ar­gument, that theres no divel, and perchance no God. There is a terrible say­ing (if well understood) in the Scripture; [...] He that is filthy let him be filthy still Let them take heed (I advise them as a friend) if they persist in their hardness of heart and infidelity, lest God in just judgment, though they seek still, and provoke as much as they can, will not fuffer that they shall see anything, lest they should fear and be converted.

I Come now to Dr. DEE, and to This Book of his, which hath been the occasion of all the Discourse hitherto. As for his Person or Pa­rentage, Education and the like, I have but little to say more then what he saith himself in his first Letter to the Emperor (RODOLPHE) of Germany, that being yet very young he was sought unto (ambiverunt me) by two Emperors, CHARLS the 5th and FERDINANDO his Brother and Suc­cessor in the Empire. Mr. Cambden indeed in the year 1572 makes honou­rable mention of him, and calls him, Nobilis Mathematicus. He dedicated his Monas Hieroglyphica to MAXIMILIAN Successor to FERDINANDO, first printed at Antwerp, An. Dom. 1564. and afterwards at Francford, 1591. and what other places I know not. In the year 1595. he did write (and was printed 1599 I am sure, but whether before that or no, I cannot certainly tell) A discourse Apologetical, &c. directed to the then Archbishop of Canterbury, wherein he hath a Catalogue of books written by himself, printed and un­printed, to the number of 48. in all, and doth also mention the books of his Library about 4000 volums in all, whereof 700 ancient Manuscripts, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. There also doth he produce a Testimony of the University of Cambridg, dated 1548. But this whole Discourse of his being but short, for the better satisfaction of the Reader, I thought good to have it here reprinted the next after this Preface. His Mathematical Preface before Euclid, is that I think which of all his writings published hath been most taken notice of in England, and added much to the worth and commendati­on of that Edition of Euclid. He was a married man and divers children, as will appear by this Relation; a great Traveller, and lived to a great age. But as I said before, I do not pretend to give an account of his life in gene­ral, unto others, which my self am yet a stranger to. What concerneth this Relation I am to give an account, and I hope there shall be nothing wanting to that. Four things I propose to my self to that end,

First, Somewhat to confirm the truth and sincerity of this whole Re­lation.

Secondly, To answer some Objections that may be made against some parts of it.

Thirdly, To give some light to some places, and to satisfie the Reader con­cerning the perfection and imperfection of the book, as also, concerning the Original Copy.

Fourthly, and lastly, To shew the many good uses that may be made of all by a sober Christian.

1. It seems that Dr. Dee began to have the reputation of a Conjurer be­times. He doth very grievously complain of it in that Preface to Euclid but now spoken of, about the end of it, and yet there doth also term himself, An old forworn Mathematician. For my part whether he could ever truly be so called, I yet make some question: But I am very confident, that himself did not know or think himself so, but a zealous worshipper of God, and a very free and sincere Christian. How this is to be reconciled with the truth of this Relation, shall be af­terwards considered of. For the truth and sincerity of the Relation, I hope [Page] no body will so grosly mistake us as though we intended thereby to justifie what is here printed against any suspition of forgery; as if any man taking the advantage of Dr. Dees name and fame of a Conjurer, could be suspected to have devised and invented these things in his own brain to abuse the world. I should be sorry my name should appear in any kind to any book lyable to such a suspition; and the very name and credit of that so much and so deservedly prized Library from whence this is pretended to be taken, is sufficient (with civil under­standing men) to prevent the grossenesse of such a mistake. Besides the Original Copy it self, all written with Dr. Dees own hand, there kept and preserved. But by Truth and Sincerity, intending not only Dr. Dee's fidelity in relating what himself believed, but also the reality of those things that he speaks of, according to his relation: his only (but great and dreadful) error being, that he mistook false lying Spirits for Angels of Light, the Divel of Hell (as we commonly term him) for the God of Heaven. For the Truth then, and Sincerity or Reality of the Rela­tion in this sense, I shall first appeal to the Book it self. I know it is the fashion of many (I will not say that (I never did it my self) that are buyers of books, they will turn five or six leaves, if they happen up­on somewhat that pleaseth their fancy, the book is a good book, and when they have bought it, it concerneth them to think so, because they have paid for it: but on the other side, if they light upon somewhat that doth not please (which may happen in the best) they are as ready to condemn and cast away. It is very possible that some such buyer lighting upon this, and in it, upon some places here and there, where some odd uncouth things may offer themselves; things ridiculous, incredible to ordinary sense and construction, he may be ready to judge of the whole accordingly. But for all this, I will in the first place appeal to the book it self; but with this respect to the Reader, that he will have patience to read in order one fourth part of the book at least before he judge; and if by that time he be not convicted, he shall have my good will to give it over. Not but that all the rest, even to the end, doth help very well to confirm the truth and reality of the whole Story: but because I think there is so much in any fourth part, if diligently read, and with due consideration, that I despair of his assent, that is not convicted by it. For my part, when the book was first communicated un­to Sir Thomas cotton Knight [...]. me by that Right worthy Gentleman who is very studi­ous to purchase and procure such Records and Monuments as may advantage the truth of God (all truth is of God) and the honour of this Land, following therein the example of his noble Progenitor, by his very name, Sir Robert Cotton, known to all the Learned as far as Eu­rope extendeth. I read it cursorily because I was quickly convinced in my self that it could be no counterfeit immaginarie businesse, and was very desirous to see the end, so far as the book did go. Afterwards, when I understood that the said worthy Gentleman (especially, as I suppose, relying upon my Lord of Armagh's judgment and testimonie, which we have before spoken of) was willing it should be published, and that he had com­mitted [Page] the whole business unto me; I read it over very exactly, and took notes of the most remarkable passages (as they appeared unto me) truly I was so much confirmed in this first opinion by my second reading, that I shall not be afraid to profess that I never gave more credit to any Hu­mane History of former times. All things seemed unto me so simply, and yet so accurately, and with so much confirmation of all manner of circumstances written and delivered, that I cannot yet satisfie my self, but all judicious Readers will be of my opinion. But nevertheless, to help them that trust not much to their own judgments, let us see what can be said.

First, I would have them, that would be further satisfied, to read Dr. Dee in that forecited Preface, where he doth plead his own cause, to acquit himself of that grievous crime and imputation of a Conjurer. But that was written, I must confess, long before his Communication with Spirits: yet it is somewhat to know what opinion he had then of them that deal with Divels and evil Spirits. But after he was made acquainted, and in great dealings with them, and had in readiness divers of these his books, or others of the same Argument, containing their several conferences and communications, to shew, and the manner of their appearing exactly set down; observe, I pray, with what confidence he did address himself to the greatest and wisest in Europe. To Queen Elizabeth often, and to her Council, as by many places of this Relation doth appear; but more particularly by his Letter to Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary, &c. That he did the like to King James and his Councel, may easily be gathered by the Records (in this Relation) of 1607. but much defective. But then to the Emperor Rodolphe, to Stephen King of Poland, and divers other Princes and their Deputies; the wisest and learnedst, their several Courts did af­ford for the time: the particulars of all which addresses and transactions are very exactly set down in the book. Nay, such was his confidence, that had it not been for the Nuncius Apostolicus his appearing against him at the Emperors Court by order from the Pope, he was, as by some places may be collected, resolved for Rome also, not doubting but he should approve himself and his doings to the Pope himself and his Cardinals. In all these his addresses and applications being still very ready to impart all things unto them that would entertain them with that respect he thought they deserved; yea, readily, which is very observable, even to receive them into this Mystical Society, whom he thought worthy, and in some capacity to promote the design; as de facto he did divers in several places: Albertus A­lasco, Prince Palatine of Polonia, Puccius a learned man, and Prince Rosem­berg in Germany, who were long of the Society, besides some admitted to some Actions for a while, as Stephen King of Poland, and some others. We will easily grant (as elsewhere hath been treated and handled at large) that a distempered brain may see, yea, and hear strange things, and entertain them with all possible confidence, as real things, and yet all but fancy, without any real sound or Apparition. But these sights and Apparitions that Dr. Dee gives here an account, are quite of another nature; yea, though possibly the Divel might represent divers of these things to the fancy inwardly [Page] which appeared outwardly: Yet of another nature, I say, and not without the intervention and operation of Spirits, as will easily appear to any man by the particulars. Besides the long Speeches, Discourses, Interlocutions upon all occasions and occurrences in the presence of more then one al­wayes; and externally audible to different persons, for the most part or very frequently. That these things could not be the operation of a distem­pered Fancy, will be a sufficient evidence to any rational man.

Again, let his usual preparations and Prayers against an Apparition or Action (as he called them) his extraordinary prayers upon some extra­ordinary occasions, as upon Edward Kelley his temporary repentance, and another for him when he was about to forsake him (in Latine a long one) Stephen King of Poland being then present. And again, when his Son Ar­thur was to be initiated to these Mystical Operations and Apparitions, in the place of Edward Kelley, and the like. And again, his Humility, Piety, Patience, (O what pity that such a man should fall into such a delusion! but we shall consider of the causes in its right place afterwards) upon all occasions, temptations, distresses, most eminent throughout the whole Book. Let these things be well considered, and above the rest, his large and punctual relation of that sad abominable story of their Promiscuous, car­nal Copulation, under the pretence of obedience to God. — Let these things, I say, be well considered, and I think no man will make any question but the poor man did deal with all possible simplicity and sincerity, to the ut­most of his understanding at that time. And truly, this one thing (as we said before) excepted, his mistaking of evil Spirits for good, it doth not appear by any thing but that he had his understanding, and the perfect use of his Reason to the very last, as well as he had had any time of his life.

Again, let it be considered, that he carryed with him where ever he went A STONE, which he called his Angelicall Stone, as brought unto him by an An­gel, but by a Spirit sure enough, which he shewed unto many; to the Emperor among others, or the Emperors Deputy, Dr. Curts, as I remember: But more of this Stone afterwards. We may therefore conclude surely enough, That Dr. Dee in all this Relation did deal with all simplicity and sincerity. I shall only add, That whereas I used the word Reality before, concerning those things that appeared, according to this Relation: I would not be mistaken, as though I intended that whatsoever the Divel did seem to do or represent; it was Really and Substantially as it seemed and appeared, that would be a great and gross mistake. The very word Apparition doth rather import the contrary. All I understand by Reality, is, that what things ap­peared, they did so appear by the power and operation of Spirits, actually present and working, and were not the effects of a depraved fancy and imagination by meer natural causes. By which, strange things, I confess, may be presented and apprehended too, sometimes by the parties with all confidence, as we said before, though all be but fancy and imagination. But all circumstances well considered, make this Case here to be of another nature; and it may be it was the policy of these Spirits to joyn two of purpose in this business, to make the truth and reality of it the more un­questionable; [Page] hoping (if God had given way) they should have passed, in time for good Spirits abroad generally, and then we should have seen what they would have made of it. From lesse beginnings, I am sure, great­est confusions have proceeded and prevailed in the world, as we shall shew elsewhere. And since that in all this business, as we said but now, Dr. Dee did not deal alone, but had a constant Partner or Assistant, whom sometimes himself calleth his Seer, or Skryer, one by name Edward Kelly: it will be requisite before we proceed further, that we give some account of him also. According to Dr. Dee's own relation here, An. Dom. 1587. April 7. Trebonae: in the particulars of his Son Arthur's Consecration (after his manner, which he calls, His offering and presenting of him to the service of God:) Uriel (one of his chiefest Spirits) was the author of their Conjunction: but when and how it hapned (being but obiter mentioned there) we do not find any where; and more then what I find here I have nothing to say: For certain it is by this whole story, from the beginning to the end of it, that Kelley was a great Conjurer, one that daily conversed by such art as is used by ordinary Magicians, with evil Spirits, and knew them to be so. Yet I would suppose that he was one of the best sort of Magicians, that dealt with Spirits by a kind of Command (as is well known some do) and not by any Compact or agreement: this may probably be gathered from sundry places. But that he was a Conjurer, appearereth first by that, where he proffered to raise some evil Spirit before the Polish Prince Palatine, Albert Lasky (of whom more by and by) for a proof of his Art. But Dr. Dee would not suffer him to do it in his house. Wicked spirits are cast out of him to the number of 15. P. 32. But I make no great matter of that in point of proof, because all there upon his bare report only. But see p. 63. &c. where it is laid to his charge, and he answereth for himself and his Spirits. See also where at last he yielded to bury not to burn his Magical books. But read his own confession (where you shall find him speak like one that knew very well what did belong to the Art) and the record made by Dr. Dee concerning a shrewd contest that hapned between Dr. Dee and him, (it was about some Magical things) wherein Edward Kelly carried himself so fiercely, that Dr. Dee being afraid of his life, was forced to call for help. Peruse well this place and I presume you will require no further light as to this particular concerning Kelly.

As for the several Epistles (in Latin most) that will be found here, as also Narratives of several meetings and conferences, they carry so much light with them, being set out with so many remarkable circumstances of time, place, persons, &c. that no man of judgment that hath any knowledge of the world, will or can make any scruple of the sincerity and fidelity of either reports or Deeds and monuments (such I account the Letters to be) herein contained. A man might with little labour (that had all kind of books at command) have found somewhat concerning most (outlandish) persons in them mentioned. I could not intend it, and I think it would have been a needless labour. If any make any question let them make search, I dare warrant it unto them they shall find all things to agree pun­ctually. But because Albert Lasky (next to Edward Kelley) is the man most [Page] interressed in this story, I will give you some account of him out of Mr. Cambden his Annals.

Anno Dom. 1583. E Polonia, Russiae vicinâ hac aestate venit in Angliam ut Reginam inviseret, Albertus Alasco, Palatinus Siradiensis vir eruditus, corporis linea­mentis barbâ promisissimâ, vestitu decoro, & pervenusto; qui perbenignè ab ipsa nobi­libusque magnoque honore & lautitiis, et ab Accademia Oxoniensi eruditis oblectationibus, atque variis spectaculis exceptus, post. 4. menses aere alieno oppressus, clam re­cessit.

But of all Letters here exhibited, I am most taken, I must confess, with the Bishops Letter that was Nuncius Apostolicus: he seemes to me to speak to the case very pertinently (take Puccius his account along in his long letter to Dr. Dee, of his conference with the said Bishop concerning the same business) and to have carryed himself towards Dr. Dee very moderate­ly and friendly.

II. Now to Objections:

The first shall be this: Although 'tis very probable that Dr. Dee him­self dealt simply and sincerely; yet since he himself saw nothing (for so himself acknowledgeth in some places) but by Kelley's eyes, and heard no­thing but with his ears. Is it not possible that Kelley being a cun­ning man, and well practised in these things might impose upon the credulity of Dr. Dee (a good innocent man) and the rather, because by this office under the Doctor he got 50 l. by the year, as appeareth. Truly this is plausible as it is proposed; and like enough that it might go a great way with them that are soon taken, and therefore seldom see any thing in the truth or true nature of it, but in the outward appearance of it only. But read and observe it diligently and you will find it far otherwise: It is true indeed, that ordinarily, Dr. Dee saw not himself; his business was to write what was seen (but in his presence though) and heard by Kelley. Yet that himself heard often immediately appeareth by many places; I shall not need any quotations for that himself feeleth as well as Kelley. In the relation of the Holy Stone, how taken away by one that came in at a win­dow in the shape of a man, and how restored; both saw certainly. In the story of the Holy Books, how burned and how restored again (part of them at least) which Dr Dee made a great Miracle of, as appeareth by some of those places; there also both saw certainly. And Albert Lasky, the Polonian Palatine saw as well as Kelley. Besides, it doth clearly appear throughout all the book that Kelley (though sometimes with much adoe perswaded for a while to think better of them) had generally no other opinion of these Appa­ritions but that they were meer illusions of the Divel and evil Spirits, such as himself could command by his art when he listed, and was acquainted with, insomuch that we find him for this very cause forsaking, or desirous to forsake Dr. Dee, who was much troubled about it; and is forced in a place to Pawn his Soul unto him (to use his own words) that it was not so, and that they were good Spirits sent from God in great favour unto them. But for all this Kelley would not be satisfied, but would have his Declarati­on or Protestation of his suspition to the contrary entred into the book; which you shall find, and it will be worth your reading. I could further [Page] alledge, that if a man considers the things delivered here upon several occa­sions, being of a different nature, some Moral, some Physical, some Me­taphysical, and Theological of highest points (though sometimes wild e­nough, and not warrantable; yet for the most part very remote from vulgar capacities) he will not easily believe that Kelley, who scarce understood La­tine) not to speak of some things delivered in Greek in some places) and be­took himself to the study of Logick long after he had entred himself into this course, could utter such things: no, nor any man living perchance, that had not made it his study all his life-time. But that which must needs end this quarrel (if any man will be pertinacious) and put all things out of doubt, is, that not Kelley only served in this place of Seer or Skryer, but o­thers also, as his son Arthur, and in his latter dayes, when Kelley was either gone or sick, one Bartholomew, as will be found in all the Actions and Ap­paritions of the year 1607. which (as I suspect) was the last year of the Do­ctors life, or beyond which I think he did not live long.

Secondly, It may be objected, or stuck at least, How Dr. Dee, so good, so innocent, yea, so pious a man, and so sincere a Christian as by these pa­pers (his delusion and the effects of it still excepted) he doth seem to have been, God would permit such a one to be so deluded and abused, so rackt in his soul, so hurried in his body for so long a time, notwithstanding his frequent, earnest, zealous prayers and addresses unto God, by evil Spirits (even to his dying day, for ought we know) as he is here by his own rela­tion set out unto us? Truly, if a man shall consider the whole carriage of this businesse, from the beginning to the end, according to this true and faithful (for I think I may so speak with confidence) account of it here presented unto us, this poor man, how from time to time shamefully, grosly delayed, deluded, quarrelled without cause, still toled on with some shews and appearances, and yet still frustrated and put off: his many pangs and agonies about it, his sad condition after so many. years toil, tra­vel, drudgery and earnest expectation, at the very last (as appeareth by the Actions and apparitions of the year 1607.) I can not tell whether I should make him an object of more horror or compassion; but of both certainly in a great measure to any man that hath any sense of Humanity, and in the ex­amples of others of humane frailty: and again, any regard of parts and worth, such as were in this man in a high degree. True it is, that he had joyes withal and comforts, imaginary, delusory, it is true; yet such as he en­joyed and kept up his heart, and made him outwardly chearful often times, I make no question; such as the Saints (as they call themselves) and Schis­maticks of these and former times have ever been very prone to boast of, per­swading themselves that they are the effects of Gods blessed Spirit. But even in these his joys and comforts, the fruits and fancies of his deluded soul (as in many others of a distempered brain) is not he an object of great compas­passion to any, both sober and charitable? If this then were his case indeed, what shall we say? if nothing else, I know not but it ought to satisfie a rational, sober, humble man: If we say, That it is not in man to give an account of all Gods judgments, neither is there any ground for us to mur­mule because we do not understand them, or that they often seem contrary [Page] to the judgment of humane reason, because it is against all Reason as well as Religion, to believe that a creature so much inferior to God, by nature as man is, should see every thing as he seeth, and think as he thinks; and consequent­ly judge and determine in and of all things as God judgeth and determineth. The Apostle therefore not without cause, would have all private judg­ments (for of publick for the maintenance of peace and order among men, it is another case) deferr'd to that time, when the hearts of all men shall be laid open, all hidden things and secret counsels revealed. But we have enough to say in this case without it. For if Pride and Curiosity were enough to undoe our first Parent, and in him all mankind, when otherwise innocent, and in pos­session of Paradise. Should we wonder if it had the same event in Dr. Dee, though otherwise, as he doth appear to us, innocent, and well qua­lified? That this was his case and error, I will appeal to his own confes­sion (though he makes it his boast) in more then one of his Letters or ad­dresses, where he professeth, That for divers years he had been an earnest suter un­to God in prayer for Wisdom; that is, as he interprets himself, That he might un­derstand the secrets of Nature that had not been revealed unto men hitherto; to the end, as he professeth, and his own deceitful heart it may be suggested un­to him, That he might glorifie God; but certainly, that himself might become a glorious man in the world, and be admired, yea, adored every where almost, as he might be sure it would be, had he compassed his desire. And what do we think should put him upon such a desire, with hopes to obtain it, but an opinion he had of himself as an extraordinary man, both for parts, and for favour with God? But however, had he been to the utmost of what he could think of himself, besides his Spiritual pride of thinking so of himself (as great a sin as any in the eyes of God) his praying for such a thing with so much importunity, was a great tempting of God, and deserv­ing greatest judgments. Had he indeed been a suter unto God for such Wisdom as the Prophet Jeremie describeth (11. v. 24, 25.) Let not the Wise man glorie in his wisdom, &c. but let him that glorieth, &c. And for such knowledg as our Saviour commandeth, Joh. 17. 3. And this is life eternal, that they may know thee, &c. And his blessed Apostle (1 Cor. [...]. 2.) For I determined not to know any thing, &c. he had had good warrant for his prayers, and it is very likely that God would have granted him his request, so far as might have concerned his own salvation and eternal happiness. Besides, it is lawful (nay fit) for a man to pray for Gods blessing upon his labours, for com­petency of wit and capacity that he may do well in his vocation and glori­fie God. But for a man to aspire to such eminency above other men, and by means that are not ordinary (as that conceited Phylosophers Stone, and the like) and to interest God by earnest solicitations in his ambitions extrava­gant desires; that God, who hath said of himself, That he resisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble, must needs be so great and so high a provoca­tion (if well considered) as that I begin to doubt whether it be charity to pity him that suffered so justly and deservedly. I do not know but it is as lawfull for any man obscurely born to pray for a Kingdom, for a Common Souldier that he may have strength to encounter thousands, or for an ordinarie Maid, that she may become the fairest of women. In [Page] all these it is possible to glorifie God, we grant, were it fit for us to pre­scribe unto God, neglecting those that he hath appointed, by what means he should be glorified; and could we secure our selves that in pretending to Gods glory we do not seek our own. I wish that our great undertakers and reformers (such is their wisdom they think) of Arts and Sciences would seri­ously think of this; they especially who take upon themselves to make all men wise and of one mind, and to reconcile all doubts and difficulties in Religion, and otherwise; in a word, to make Truth to be imbraced by all men. Should these men tell us that if they had had the creating of the world, and the orde­ring of all things (and there be, I think, in the world that have said little less) from the beginning, they would have made an other guess of things then God had done: We would have considerd of it perchance what might be the ground in any mortal man of such wonderful confidence. But such being the condi­tion of the world, as it is, and such of men, naturally; or to speak as a Christian, since the fall of Adam, and the consequencies of it, the curse of God, &c. to make all men wise, of one mind, good, religious, without an infinite omnipotent power, such as of nothing was able to create a world: can any man (sober and wise) hear it; hear it with patience, that thinks it impossible, yea strange, that Castles should be built in the air, or the heavens battered with great guns? And yet such books are read, yea and much set by, by some men. My judg­ment is, That they are to be pityed (if distemper be the cause, as I believe it is in some) that boast of such things; but if wise and politick, to get credit and money (as some I believe) it is a great argument of their confidence, that there be many in the word that are not very wise. But to return to Dr. Dee: It might be further added and proved by examples, that some men of transcen­dent holiness and mortification (in the sight of men) so sequestred from the world (some of them) and the vanities of it, that for many years they had con­versed with God alone in a manner; yet through pride and conceit of their own parts and favour with God, fell into delusions and temptations, if not alto­gether the same, yet not less strange and dreadful. Such examples Ecclesiasti­cal Story will afford, and other books of that nature, but I have them not at this time, and I conceive I have said enough to this [...].

But of his Praying too, somewhat would be observed. His Spirits tell him somewhere, that he had the Gift of Praying. Truly I believe he had, as it is ordinarily called: that it is, that he could express himself very fluently and ear­nestly in Prayer, and that he did it often to his own great contentment. Let no man wonder at this; I have shewed elsewhere that some that have been very wicked, yea, some that dyed for blasphemy, and with blasphemy in their mouth to the last gasp, have had it in a great measure, and done much mischief by it. It is no disparagement to Prayer, no more then it is to the best things of the world (and what better and more heavenly then prayer well used?) if they be abused. And it is commonly observed, that the corruption of best things is most dangerous. What bred those pernicious hereticks that so long troubled the world, and could not be [...] but by absolute destruction, but long affected prayers (therefore called Euchites or Messaliani, that is to say, the Prayers) and Enthusiasms? And as to that point of inward joy and comptacency, which some Schismaticks and wicked men find in [Page] themselves at their prayers, which ignorant deluded people think to be an argument of the Spirit: It is certain, and is a mystery of nature that hath (may I speak it without bragging) been brought to light (of late years at least) by my self and fully discovered, ‘That not only the inward heat of mental conception (where there is any vigor) but also the musick of out­ward words, is able to occasion it.’ Indeed it is a point that doth deserve to be well considered of in these times especially. For when young boyes and illiterate men (and the number is likely to increase now that Catechizing is so much neglected) are turned loose to exercise themselves in this gift (as they call it) and when by long practice they have attained to some readiness and volubility, which doth occasion some inward lightsomeness and excita­tions, or perchance somewhat that may have some resemblance to spiritual sorrow and compunction, they presently think themselves inspired, and so they become Saints before they know what it is to be Christians. And if they can Pray by inspiration, why not Preach also? So comes in Anabaptism by degrees, which will be the ruine of all Religion and civil Government where ever it prevails. And I believe that this fond foolish conceit of Inspi­ration, as it hath been the occasion of much other mischief, so of that horrid sacriledge, shall I call it, or profanation (I hope I may do either with­out offence, for it is not done by any publick Authority that I know of) the casting and banishing of THE LORDS PRAYER out of many pri­vate houses and Churches; then which, I think, Christ never received a greater affront from any that called themselves Christians. I am not so uncha­ritable as to believe that it is done in direct opposition to Christ by any re­al Christians, but in a furious zeale by many, I believe, against set prayers. But this is not a place to dispute it: Certainly, as the Lords Prayer is a Prayer of most incredible comfort to them that use it devoutly and upon good grounds (a good foundation of Religion and sound Faith, I mean) so I believe that set Prayers in general are of more concernment to the set­ling of Peace in the Commonwealth then many men are aware of. But let this [...] for my opinion; there be worse I am sure that pass currently.

Again, A man may wonder (I cannot tell whether an objection may be made of it) that Dr. Dee, though he were at the first deluded (to which his own pride and presumption did expose him) as many have been; yet afterwards in process of time when he found himself so deluded and shuffled with; when Edward Kelley did use such pregnant arguments to him (as he did more then once) to perswade him that they were evil Spirits that appeared unto them; nay, when he had found by certain experience, that his Spirits had told him many lies, foretold many things concerning Princes and Kingdoms, very particularly limited with circumstances of time, which when the time was expired did [...] at all come to pass; yet for all this he durst pawn his Soul for them that they were good Spirits, and con­tinued in his confidence (so farre as our Relation goes) to the last. I answer, Such is the power of this kind of Spiritual delusion, it doth so pos­sess them whom it hath once taken hold of, that they seldom, any of them, recover themselves. In the dayes of Martin Luther (2 great and zealous refor­mer [Page] of Religion, but one that would have detested them as the worst of Infidels that had used the Lords Prayer, as some have done in our dayes, as appears by what he saith of it in more then one place) there lived one Micha­el Stifelius, who applying to himself some place of the Apocalypse, took up­on him to Prophecy. He had foretold that in the year of the Lord 1533. before the 29 of September the end of the world, and Christs coming to Judgment would be. He did shew so much confidence, that some write, Luther himself was somewhat startled at the first. But that day past, he came a second time to Luther with new Calculations, and had digested the whole business into 22. Articles, the effect of which was to demonstrate that the end of the world would be in October following. But now Luther thought he had had tryal enough, and gave so little credit to him, that he (though he loved the man) silenced him for a time; which our Apocalyp­tical Prophet took very ill at his hands, and wondred much at his incredu­lity. Well, that moneth and some after that over, our Prophet (who had made no little stir in the Country by his Prophecying) was cast into prison for his obstinacy. After a while Luther visited him, thinking by that time to find him of another mind. But so far was he from acknowledging his error, that he down right railed at Luther for giving him good counsel. And some write that to his dying day (having lived to the age of 80. years) he never recanted. And was not this the case of learned Postellus, who fallen into some grievous wild fancies in his latter dayes, though sound enough still in other things, could never be reclaimed though means were used from time to time the best and gentlest (in respect to his worth and person) that could be thought of? But what talk we of particular men? Con­sider the Anabaptists in general. Above an hundred years ago they troubled Germany very much: it cost many thousands their lives. They roved up and down. No sooner destroyed in one place but they sprung (whilest that sea­son lasted) in another. Their pretences every where were the same; Re­velations and the Spirit: the wickedness of Princes and Magistrates, and Christ Jesus to be set up in his Throne. Well, at last they were destroyed in most places. Stories of them have been written in all Languages, read every where, and their lamentable end. Can all this hinder but that upon every opportunity of a confused and confounded Government, they start up a­gain in the same shape and form as before; the same pretences, the same Scri­ptures, for all the world, miserably detorted and abused, to raise tumults and seditions in all places. Such is the wretchedness of man that is once out of the right way of Reason and Sobriety. But withall we must say in this particular case of Dr. Dee's, though his obstinacy was great and marvellous, yet it must be acknowledged, that great was the diligence and subtility of his Spirits to keep their hold: and some things sometimes happened (as his danger and preservation about Gravesend, when he first, here related, went out of the Realm) very strangely, and such was the unhappiness of his mis­applyed zeal, that he made a Providence of whatsoever hapned unto him as he desired.

So much for Dr. Dee himself. But of his Spirits a greater question per­chance may be moved: If evil, wicked, lying Spirits (as we have reason [Page] to believe, and no man I think will question) how came they to be such perswaders to Piety and godliness, yea, such preachers of Christ, his Incar­nation, his Passion, and other Mysteries of the Christian Faith, not only by them here acknowledged, but in some places very Scholastically set out and declared? It seemeth somewhat contrary to reason and as contrary to the words of our Saviour, Every Kingdom divided against it self, &c. But first, to the matter of fact: The Divels we know even in the Gospel did acknowledg, nay, in some manner proclaim Christ to be the Son of God: which is the main Article he did contest with Christ by Scripture Autho­rity; and by S. Pauls testimony, can transform himself, when he list into an Angel of light. And in some relations well attested, of Possessions and publick Exorcisms that have been used; we find the Divel often speak­ing by the mouth of women, rather like a Monk out of the Pulpit, per­swading to temperance, rebuking vices, expounding of mysteries, and the like, then as one that were an enemy to truth and godliness. Insomuch that some have been ready to make a great mystery and triumph of it, thereby to convict Hereticks and Atheists, in time, more effectually, then they have been by any other means that have been used hitherto: and as­cribing the whole business not to the Divel himself, but the great power and Providence of God, as forcing him against his will to be an instrument of his Truth. For my part, I see cause enough to believe that such things, there contained at large, might come from the Divel; that is, might tru­ly and really be spoken by persons possessed and inspired by the Divel. But that they are imployed by God to that end, I shall not easily grant. I rather suspect that whatsoever comes from them in that kind, though it be good in it self, yet they may have a mischievous end in it; and that I believe will soon appear if they can once gaine so much credit among men as to be believed to be sent by God to bear testimony to the truth. A man may see somewhat already by those very Relations, and that account that is given us there. And therefore I do not wonder if even among the more sober Papists this project (as the relater and publisher complaineth) hath found opposition. The Divel is very cunning; a notable Polititian. S. Paul knew him so, and therefore he uses many words to set out his frauds. He can lay the foundation of a plot, if need be, a hundred years before the effects shall appear. But then he hath his end. It is not good trusting of him, or dealing with him upon any pretence. Can any man speak bet­ter then he doth by the mouth of Anabaptists and Schismaticks? And this he will do for many years together if need be, that they that at first stood off may be won by time. But let them be once absolute masters, and then he will appear in his own shape. There is one thing which I won­der much more at in those Relations I have mentioned, and that is, that the Divel himself should turn such a fierce accuser of them that have served him so long, Witches and Magicians. I know he doth here so too in some kind, in more then one place. He doth much inveigh against Divels and all that have to do with them, Megicians, &c. But that is in general only, or in Kelley's particular case, upon whom he had a­nother hold, which he made more reckoning of, to wit, as he ap­peared [Page] to them as an Angel of light. Any thing to maintain his interest there, and their good opinion of him; for he had great hopes from that plot. But that he should pursue so ridgedly particular men and women whom he had used so long, to death, and do the part of an informer a­gainst them, may seem more like unto a Kingdom divided against it self, but it is not our case here; neither am I very well satisfied, that what­soever the Divel saith or layes to the charge of them by whose mouth he speaketh, ought to be received for good testimony. Here it may be Wierius had some reason; for I doubt some have been too credulous. But this by the way shall suffice.

That the Divel should lie often, or be mistaken himself, in his Prophe­cies, as by many particulars of this Relation will appear, I will not look upon that, as if any objection could be made of it. But it may be won­dred, perchance, Dr. Dee being often in so great want of monies, that he did not know which way to turn, what shift to make; at which time he did alwayes with much humility address himself to his Spirits, making his wants known unto them; and the Divel on the other side, both by his own boasting, and by the testimonie of those who could not lie, having the goods of this world (though still under God) much at his disposing, and alwayes, as he seemed, very desirous to give Dr. Dee all possible satis­faction: that in this case, once or twice perchance excepted, when the Dr. was well furnished (for which the Spirits had his thanks) at all other times he was still, to his very great grief and perplexity, left to himself to shift as he could, and some pretence, why not otherwise supplyed, cun­ningly devised by them that were so able, and to whom he was so dear. But I must remember my self: I said so able; but in some places his Spi­rits tell him plainly, It was not in their power, because no part of their Commission, or because it did not belong unto them (such as dealt with him) to meddle with the Treasures of the earth: and sometimes that they were things beneath their cognizance or intermedling. Of the diffe­rent nature of Spirits, we shall say somewhat by and by, that may have some relation to this also, perchance. But granting that the Divel gene­rally hath power enough both to find mony and to gratifie with it where he seeth cause. Yet in this case of Witches and Magicians, direct or in­direct, it is certain and observed by many as an argument of Gods great Providence over men, that generally he hath not: It is in very deed a great Argument of a superiour over-ruling power and Providence. For if men of all profes­sions will hazard (their Souls) so far as we see daily to get money and estates by indirect unconscionable wayes, though they are not alwayes sure, and that it be long oftentimes before it comes, and oftentimes prove their ruine, even in this world, through many casualties; as alterations of times, and the like: what would it be if it were in the power of the D. to help every one that came unto him, yielding but to such and such conditions, according as they could agree?

Hitherto I have considered what I thought might be objected by others. I have one objection more, which to me was more considerable (as an obje­ction, I mean, not so readily answered) then all the rest: Devils, we think [Page] generally, both by their nature as Spirits, and by the advantage of long experience (a very great advantage indeed in point of knowledg) cannot but have perfect knowledg of all natural things, and all secrets of Nature, which do not require an infinite understanding; which by that measure of know­ledge that even men have attained unto in a little time, is not likely to be so necessary in most things. But lest any man should quarrel at the word Perfect, because all perfection belongs unto God properly, it shall suffice to say, That the knowledge Divels have of things Natural and Humane is incomparably greater then man is capable of. If so, how comes it to pass that in many places of this Relation we find him acting his part rather as a Sophister (that I say not a Juggler) then a perfect Philosopher; as a Quack, or an Empirick sometimes, then a True, genuine Naturalist. And for language (not to speak of his Divinity, which he might disguise of pur­pose to his own ends) rather as one that had learned Latin by reading of bar­barous books, of the middle age, for the most part, then of one that had been of Augustus his time, and long before that. But that which is strangest of all is, that as in one place the Spirits were discovered by Ed. Kelley to steal out of Agrippa or Trithemius (so he thought at least) so in divers other places, by the phrase, and by the doctrine and opinions a man may trace noted Chymical and Cabalistical Authors of later times; yea, (if I be not much mistaken) and Paracelsus himself, that prodigious creature, for whom and against whom so much hath been written since he lived; these things may seem strange, but I think they may be answered. For first, we say, The Divel is not ambitious to shew himself and his abilities before men, but his way is (so observed by many) to fit himself (for matter and words) to the genius and capacity of those that he dealeth with. Dr. Dee, of himself, long before any Apparition, was a Cabalistical man, up to the ears, as I may say; as may appear to any man by his Monas Hieroglyphica, a book much valued by himself, and by him Dedicated at the first to Maximilian the Emperor, and since presented (as here related by himself) to Rodoiphe as a choice piece. It may be thought so by those who esteem such books as Dr. Floid, Dr. Alabaster, and of late Gafarell, and the like. For my part I have read him; it is soon don, it is but a little book: but I must profess that I can extract no sense nor reason (sound and solid) out of it: neither yet doth it seem to me very dark or mystical. Sure we are that those Spirits did act their parts so well with Dr. Dee, that for the most part (in most Actions) they came off with good credit; and we find the Dr. every where almost extolling his Spiritual teachers and instructers, and praysing God for them. Little reason therefore have we to except against any thing (in this kind) that gave him content, which was their aim and business.

Secondly, I say, If any thing relish here of Trithemius or Paracelsus, or any such, well may we conclude from thence, that the Divel is like himself. This is the truest inference. It is he that inspired Trithemius and Paracelsus, &c. that speak­eth here; and wonder ye if he speaks like them? I do not expect that all men will be of my opinion; yet I speak no Paradoxes: I have both reason and authority good and plausible, I think, for what I say; but to argue the case at large would be tedious Of Trithemius somewhat more afterwards will be said. But we must go far beyond that time. A thousand years and above, [Page] before either of them was born, was the BOOK OF ENOCH well known in the world; and then also was Lingua Adami (upon which two most of the Cabala stands) much talked of, as appears by Greg. Nissen his learned books a­gainst Eunomius the Heretick. To speak more particularly (because so much of it in this Relation) the BOOK OF ENOCH was written before Christ; and it is thought by some very learned (though denyed by others) that it is the very book that S. Jude intended. A great fragment of it in Greek (it was written in Hebrew first) is to be seen in Scaliger (that incomparable man, the wonder of his Age, if not rather of all Ages) his learned Notes upon Eusebius. It was so fa­mous a book antiently that even Heathens took notice of it, and grounded upon it objections against Christians. It may appear by Origen against Celsus, in his book 5. p. 275. [...] (saith he) [...] But S. Jerome and S. Augustin speak of it more peremptorily as a fabulous book, and not allowed by the Church. How much of it is extant, besides what we have in Scaliger, I know not; nor what part it is so often mentioned in this Relation. By what I have seen it doth appear to me a very superstiti­ous, foolish, fabulous writing; or to conclude all in one word, Cabalistical, such as the Divel might own very well, and in all probability was the author of. As for that conceit of the tongue which was spoken by Adam in Para­dise, we have already said that it is no late invention; and I make no questi­on but it proceeded from the same Author. Yea, those very Characters com­mended unto Dr. Dee by his Spirits for holy, and mystical, and the original Characters (as I take it) of the holy tongue, they are no other, for the most part but such as were set out and published long agoe by one Theseus Ambrosus out of Magical books, as himself professeth: you shall have a view of them in some of the Tables at the end of the Preface. Some letters are the same, others have much resemblace in the substance; and in transcribing it is likely they might suffer some alteration. But it may be too the Spirits did not intend they should be taken for the same, because exploded by learned men, and therefore altered the forms and figures of most of them of purpose that they might seem new, and take the better. So that in [...] this the Divel is but still constant unto him­self, and this constancy stands him in good stead, to add the more weight and to gain credit to his Impostures. Not to be wondred therefore if the same things be found elsewhere, where the D. hath an hand.

With Cabalistical writings we may joyn Chymical, here also mentioned in many places. I have nothing to say to Chymistrie as it is meerly natural, and keeps it self within the compass of sobriety. It may wel go for a part of Physick, for ought I know, though many great Physicians, because of the abuse and danger of it, as I conceive, have done their best (formerly) to cry it down. I my self have seen strange things done by it: and it cannot be denyed but the wonders of God and Nature are as eminently visible in the experiments of that Art as any other natural thing. However, it is not improbable that divers secrets of it came to the knowledg of man by the Revelation of Spirits. And the practice and profession of it in most (them especially that profess nothing else) is accom­panied with so much Superstition and Imposture, as it. would make a sober man, that tendreth the preservation of himself in his right wits, to be afraid of [Page] it. Of the Transmutation of Metals, what may be done by Art I will not take upon me to determine: I am apt enough to believe that some strange things (in that kind) may be done, if a man will go to the cost of it, and undergoe the trouble upon so much uncertainty of the event. But that which we call ordi­narily, and most understand by it, The Phylosophers Stone, is certainly a meer cheat, the first author and inventor whereof was no other then the Divel. Legi etiam Spiritum supernorum revelatione traditam antiquitus artem faciendi Auri, & me aeta­te idem usu evenisse, &c. saith one (Jo. Franc. Picus Mirandula) of the learnedst Au­thor that I have seen of that subject, in defence of it, I meant. If he mean Su­pernos Spiritus, such as appear in form of Angels of Light, such as deluded Dr. Dee, and daily doth those that hunt after Revelations, and Prophecies, and un­lawful Curiosities, I grant it. But that any good Angels did ever meddle in a practice commonly attended with so much imposture, impiety, cousenage as this commonly is, I shall not easily grant. Though I must add, I make great difference (if we will speak properly) between Arts faciendi auri (a thing I do not deny to be feasible by natural means) and that we call the Phylosophers Stone, as before already intimated. And for that objection of his, why evil Spirits should not be the Authors or revealers of it unto any (though otherwise for some other reasons he thinks it probable) because it is not likely that God would suffer [...] to give such power unto men like themselves, whom only among men they favour and respect, that is, wicked ungodly men. First, I answer, That is a very weak objection, since we know by constant experience of present and future Ages, that they are not of the best of men commonly that are the greatest and richest. But Secondly, There is no great cause to fear that any thing hitherto revealed (or hereafter to be revealed, I believe) of this secret, should enable men (good or bad) to do much hurt in the world. The greatest hurt is to themselves who are deluded (yea, and beggerd many first or last) and to some few not very wise whom they cousen as themselves have been cousened. And for this that they can do no more, we are beholding not to the Divel who certainly would not be vvanting to himself or to any opportunity to do mischief by himself or his Agents, but to God vvho doth not give him the povver: So much to [...], out of my respect to his name, and for the better satisfaction to the Reader. I ovve the sight and use of the book to my Learned friend Dr. Windett before mentioned —. I am much confirmed in that opinion (of the Divel being the Author) by vvhat I find of it in the book vvhich hath given me this occasion to speak of it. Were there nothing else but the gross and impudent forgeries that have been used to com­mend it unto men, some entituling the Invention to Adam himself, others to Solomon, and the like; and the many books that have been counterfeited to the same end; and again the most ridiculous and profane applying & expounding of Scriptures, a thing usually done by most that are abettors of it, those things vvere enough to make a man to abhor it. Sure enough it is, that not only Dr. Dee, but others also vvho had part of that precious Powder brought unto them by Spirits, and expected great matters of it, vvere all cheated and gull'd (and I be­lieve it cost some of them a good deal of money; Prince Rosemberg particular­ly) by those Spiritual Chymists. Let them consider of it that have been deal­ing in such things as they shall see cause.

So still we see, that in all these things, as we said before, the Divel is not be­holding to others, (as might be suspected) but others have been beholding to him: As for his Divinity, in highest points, if he spake the truth, it was for his own ends, as we said before: He can do it, who makes any question? In controverted points, we may observe, that he doth serve the scene and present occasion; and I make no question, but had Dr. Dee gone to Constantinople, and been entertained there with respect, his Spirits there would have shewed them­selves as good Mahometans, as elsewhere good Roman Catholicks, or Protestants.

We have somewhere a very pretty Tale, (I would say a curious Observation, if I thought it true) concerning the nature of the Serpent or Addar, handsomly expressed, how she traineth her yong ones to set them out abroad into the world, that they may shift for themselves. Twenty days, as I remember, are spent in that work: Now whether it be so really, I cannot say certainly, but I suspect it. It is not in Aristotle, and I looked in Aldrovandus, and I could not finde it: But whether it be so or no, let no body wonder; for this was the maner of Preaching formerly (and may be yet perchance in some places) among Monks and Fryars in great request. They would make a story of Man, or Beasts, as they thought fit themselves, and their Fancies best served; pretty and witty, as much as they could; whether it had any ground of truth, or no, no man re­quired: The moralization was good. If the Divel have done so here, it was not through ignorance (for he is too good a Naturalist; and I believe there is somewhat even in Nature, though we know it not, why both in sacred and pro­phane History, Spirits and Serpents are so often joyned) of which is true and real; but as hath been said, it served his turn, and that is enough. And al­though, having considered it as an Objection, how the Divel cometh to speak so much truth, as will be found in this Book; no man, I think, will expect I should give an account of any false Doctrine or Divinity, that it may contain: Yet one point I think fit to take notice of, and protest against it; as false, erronious, and of dangerous consequence, and that is, where it is said, That a man (in some cases) may kill another man (Prince or other) without apparent cause, or lawful Authority, and therefore punishable by the Laws of Man; who nevertheless, may expect a great reward at the hands of God for his act: How this may agree with the Principles of New Lights, and Anabaptisti­cal Divinity, I know not; it is very contrary to the Principles of that Ortho­dox Divinity, lately professed and established by Law in England.

I have now said in this main Objection, (as I apprehended it) what I think was most proper and pertinent, and I hope may satisfie. But I have somewhat else to say, which in this case of Divels and Spirits in general, I think it very consi­derable, and may satisfie perchance, in some cases, where nothing else can. We talk of Spirits, and read of Spirits often, but I think it is very little that we know (the best ofus all) of them, of their nature or differences: And how then can it be expected that we should resolve all doubts? And though I think it is not much that any man ever knew and rightly apprehended, or can, as he is a man in this business; yet my opinion is, (though I know it is much gainsaid and opposed) that ancient Platonick Phylosophers of the latter times, understood much more then most Christians; I do not write this, as though I thought, or would have any thought by others to be the worse Christians for being ignorant in these things; but rather, in my opinion, any [Page] man the better Christian, by much, who doth not regard it or desire it: For my part, although I must acknowledge that some scruples of my minde, did induce me to lock into many [...], until I was satisfied, which otherwise I had never done; yet I profess to believe, that it is so little that can be known by man in this subject, and subject to so much illusion, as that I think no study is more vain and foolish; and that I would not go three steps out of my doors (more then what I did to satisfie my minde in some matters of Faith, if any such scruple did arise) to know as much as the profoundest Platonick or Phylosopher yea, or Magician of them all ever knew. Certainly he is but a weak Christian, when so many high Mysteries are proposed unto us in Christ by his Gospel, and of so much consequence, that cannot bestow his time better: They that have any hopes, through Faith in Christ, and a godly life, to be admitted one day into the presenceof God, and to see face to face, as God hath promised; will they hazard so glorious a hope, by prying through unseasonable, unprofitable curiosi­ty, into the nature of these vassal Spirits, which God hath forbidden: But be­cause it doth concern Religion in general, that we believe Spirits; ànd when Objections are made that cannot be answered, many are scandalized, and Athe­ists ready to take the advantage of it; I say, that it should be no wonder to any, sober and rational, if we cannot resolve all doubts, since it is so little that we know, or can know, beyond the bare [...] in this matter: Most Christians are bred in and to this opinion, that all Spirits, (so commonly called) are either An­gels of Heaven, or Divels of Hell: I know no Scripture for it, or determina­tion of any general Councel, that I remember, at this time at least, and so long I do not think my self bound against apparent reason: For the conceit of all evil Spirits or Divels being in Hell, I think learned Mr. Meade hath taken that to task in some of his Works, and sufficiently confuted it: The very word Spirit, is a term of great Ambiguity; We understand by it, commonly, substances, that are altogetherimmaterial. Many of the ancient Fathers, it is well known, did not allow of any such at all, besides God: But we think that to have no vi­sible Body, and to be purely immaterial, is all one: God knows how many degrees there may be between these, but we cannot know it, neither doth it concern our salvation for which we have reason to praise God: But if it were so, that all Spirits are either Divels or Angels, what shall we make of these that are found in mines, of which learned Agricola hath written; of those that have been time out of minde called [...] (from whence pro­bably, as we have said elsewhere, Gobelin in English is derived) who live in private Houses, about old Walls, and stalks of Wood, harmless otherwise, but very thievish, so frequent and so known in some Countreys, that a man may as well doubt whether there be any Horses in England, because there are none in some parts of the World; not found in all America, I think, till some were carried thither: Neither can I believe, that those Spirits that please themselves in nothing else but harmless sports and wantonnesse, such as have been known in all Ages; such as did use to shave the hairs of Plinius Secundus his Ser­vants in the Night, as himself relates (a very creditable man, I am sure) in his Epistles, and the like; that such Spirits, I say, have any relation either to Heaven or to Hell: We might insist in more particulars, but we do not desire to dwell upon it at this time; and there is yet somewhat else to be said: And [Page] what I have said of some Platonicks, I did not intend thereby to justifie all their absurd or superstitious Opinions in this Argument of Spirits: As they have searched furrher into it then others (besides damnable experience, having confounded Magick with Phylosophy, yea almost turned all Phylosophy in­to Magick) so it was consequent, they would fall into more Errors and Ab­surdities; yet withal, they have found somewhat that doth better agree with daily experience, then what is commonly known or believed. Sinesius was a Bishop, but as he doth appear to us in his Writings, a better Platonick then a Christian: In a place (in his Treatise De insomniis) he sheweth how evil Spi­rits come to inhabit men and to possesse their Brains: His terms are very course, and apparantly ridiculous; but there may be some truth in the Opini­on: For if there were not a very near and intimate conjunction, it were to be wondered how the Divel comes to know the very thoughts of Witches and Ma­gicians, as is found by experience, averred by more then one: And in this ve­ry Book, if I be not mistaken, somewhat may be observed to that purpose: It is possible there may be more kindes of possession then one, and that some men, that never were suspected, have had a spirit (besides their own) resident in them, all, or most part of their lives.

I have done, with what I could think of, upon which objection can be made: The next thing is to make the way clearer to the Reader, by some con­sideration of the method of the Books, and explanation of some terms and phrases there ufed, at which perchance some may stick at the first: At the very beginning a man may be to seek, it the Title of it, Liber sexti mysteriorum, & sancti parallelus, novalisque. 1583. both as it relates to that which follows, and as it reflects upon somewhat before, by which it may be inferred that the book begins here abruptly and imperfectly: of this I am now ready to give an account to the Reader, and it is very fit it should be done.

First concerning Titles, such as will be found here many more besides this, the whole book, or relation being subdivided into many parts; in general I say, that according to the Doctors genius (we have said before he was very Ca­balistical, that is, full of whimsies and crotchets, under the notion of Mysteries, a thing that some very able, otherwise, have been subject unto) and the high opinion he had of these actions and apparitions; they are mostly very conceal­ed, and (to speak the truth) phantastick, which must make them the Obscu­rer: I could give the Reader a view of them all here put together, but it would be superfluous: There be some fourteen or fifteen Divisions in all now remaining, and so many Titles: There is a Table at the beginning, that doth refer to the beginning of every division, where the Title also will be found: But at the end of the viii. Division, I finde these words, Sequitur liber 24. qui hac die etiam inceptus est, à meridie: horam circiter tertiam, per ipsum La­vanael: But I finde nothing following, (but some vacant sheets, till we come to the ix. Division, Mysteriorum pragensium, &c. And the last Division hath onely some Fables, and before them, some five or six pages of unknown my­stical words, which we know not what to make of; but of that more after­wards: The main business to be resolved here (as I take it) is what it is that we have, and what we have not, so far as can be gathered by what remaineth; we shall see what we can say to it. In the year of the Lord, One thousand five [Page] hundred eighty four, September the third, (being a Monday) Dr. Dee first ap­peared (being presented by Honorable persons, and expected) before the Em­peror Rodolph. Among other things he then told him, That for these two years and a half Gods holy Angels had used to inform him: Our Book, or first Action here, beginneth 28 May, 1583. According to this reckoning, it must be, that above a year and three Moneths before, began the first Apparition: The account then of fifteen Moneths from the first Apparition, we want: How much (in bulk) that might come to, I cannot tell; neither will I warrant all perfect from this 28 of May, 1583 to the fourth of April 1587. though for the most part the coherence is right enough to that time: But from thence to the twentieth of March, 1607. is a vast chasma or hiatus, of no less then twenty years: How this hath happened, I cannot tell certainly; what I guess, is this, some years after Dr. Dees death ( ) Sir Robert Cotton bought his Library (what then remained of it) with his Magical Table, (of which after­wards) and the Original Manuscript, written With his own hand, whereof this is a Copy: The Book had been buried in the Earth, how long, years or moneths, I know not; but so long, though it was carefully kept since, yet it retained so much of the Earth, that it began to moulder and perish some years ago, which when Sir Thomas C. (before mentioned) observed, he was at the charges to have it written out, before it should be too late: Now full fif­ty years, or not many wanting, being passed since this Original came to Sir Robert, it is very likely, that had any more in all that time been heard of, Sir Robert, or Sir Thomas, his Son and Heir, would have heard of it, and got it as soon as any body else: And because no more hath been heard of all this while, it is more then probable that no more is extant, not in England, nor I think any where else: Happily the rest might perish, some part, (if not all) even whilest the Doctor lived; and we shall finde in this Relation, That a good part of his holy Books were burned, but (which is more strange) a great part of them, by the help of Spirits, recovered and restored: Or it may be, that since his death, the rest (the place where they lay being unknown) might rot in the earth; now if, as probably no more be extant, we may account this that we have here, in that respect perfect, because here is all that can be had. But if any, (as it is the nature of many, if not most, rather to desire that which cannot be had, then to content themselves with that which may) shall much lament the loss of the rest, and be less pleased with this, because so much (though indeed we know not certainly whether much or little) is want­ing; I would desire them to consider with themselves, in case there had been twice or thrice as much more as all this comes too, what should have been done with it? For my part, for so much as is here set out (all we had) I thought it would do best, though somewhat long, yet as a thing very extraor­dinary, and of great consequence to many good purposes and uses; I thought, I say, it would do best to have it all Printed; Yet we had some considerati­on about it, and it may be some others would have thought that less might have served the turn: But I hope more will be of my minde, and there be but few actions but afford somewhat that is extraordinary, and for some respect or other observable and useful; Howsoever, I am confident, if all had been extant, (supposing that the rest would have made much more) that none or [Page] very few would have thought fit to have [...] all; and if it had once come to a contraction or abridgement it may be much less then this must have ser­ved: It is free for all men to think as they please; for my part all things con­sidered, I finde no great want of the rest; and if I were put to it, I cannot tell whether I can say, that I wish more were extant: yet it [...] great content, (and I hope there is no Blasphemy or Superstition in it, if I [...] it to pro­vidence) that after that long intermission, or hiatus, we have yet the [...] Acti­ons of all, whereby it might appear, after many goodly shews and promises, so much hope and expectation; so many Prayers, so many Thank [...] and Humiliations, what the end is of dealing with Divels, and using means that are not lawful, to compass ambirious unwarrantable desires. Besides, be [...] more or less that is wanting, yet I am confident we have the chiefest parts here preserved; as part cularly, an exact account of his addresses and dealings with the Emperor, and other great men and Princes, in the vii. and some following Divisions; and that sad story of their promiscuous Copulation, under the per­swasion of obedience to God, very particularly related in the twelfth Divisi­on; wherein as the cunning and malice of [...] Spirits, to lead away from God, when they most pretend to God and godliness; so the danger of affected singu­larity and [...], (the first ground of all this mischief) of Spiritual pride and self conceir, is eminently set out to every mans observation, that is not already far engaged (as in these times too to many) in such Princi­ples.

But yet nevertheless I must acknowledge, that there is one part of the story wanting, which I believe by most will be much desired: For whereas at the very beginning, mention is made of a Stone, and that Stone not onely there ment oned, but afterwards in every action almost, and apparition, throughout the whole Book to the very end, still occurring and commemorated as a prin­cipal thing; what it was, and how he came by it yea and what became of it, would be known, if by any means it might: All that we are able to say of it, is this, It was a stone in which, and out of which, by persons that were quali­fied for it, and admitted to the sight of it; all Shapes and Figures mentioned in every Action were seen, and voices heard: The form of it [...] round, as ap­peareth by some course representations of it in the Margins, as pag. 395. 399. b. 413 b. and it seems to have been of a pretty bigness: It seems it was most like unto Cry al, [...] is called sometimes, as pag. 80. Inspecto Chrystallo, and page 177. b. nihil visibile apparuit in Chrystallo Sacrato, praeter ipsius crystalli visibi­li formam. [...] very body knows by common experience, that smooth things are fittest for representations, as Glasses and the like; but ordinarily such things onely are represented, as stand opposite and are visible in their substance. But it is a secret of Magick (which happily may be grounded, in part at least, upon some natural reason, not known unto us) to represent Objects (externally not vi­sible) in smooth things: And Roger Bacon (alias Bacun) in a Manuscriptinscri­bed, De dictis & factis falsorum Mathematicorum & Daemonum, communicated unto me by my I earned and much esteemed Friend, Dr. Windett, Professor of Physick in London hath an Observation to that purpose, in these words, Hiis Mathematicis in malitia suâ completis apparent Daemones sensibilitur in formâ hu­manâ & aliis formis variis, & dicunt & faciunt multa eis mirabilia secundum [Page] quod Deus permittit. Aliquando apparent imaginarie ut in ung ue pueri virginis carminati; & in pelvibus & ensibus, & in spathula arietis secundum modum eorum consecratis, & in caeteris rebus politic: & Daemones ostendunt eis omnia quae petunt, secundum quod Deus permittit. Vnde pueri sic inspicientes res poli­tas vident imaginariè res furtivè acceptas & ad quem locum deportatae sunt, & quae personae asportaverunt; & sic de aliis, multis, daemones apparentes omnia haec illis ostendunt.

Joach. Camerarius (that worthy man before spoken of) in his Proemium to Plutarch, De Oraeulis, &c. hath a strange Story upon the credit of a friend of his whom he much respected (as himself professeth) for his Piety and Wisdom. A Gentleman of Norimberg had a Crystal (how he came by it is there to be read) which had this vertue: Si qua de re certior fieri vellet, &c. if he desired to know any thing past or future, that concerned him, yea, or any other (in most things) let a young Boy (Castum, one that was not yet of Age, &c.) look into it, be should first see a man in it, so and so apparelled and afterwards what he desired. No other but a Boy, so qualified, could see any thing in it. This Crystal became very famous in those parts; yea some learned men came to it to be satisfied in doubtful points, and had their questions resolved: Yet at last, (as well it deserved) it was broken in pieces by Camerarius his Friend. Many such [...] are to be found of Magical Stones and Crystals: And though Fernelius, De abditis rerum causis; and after him (as I remember) one, in worth and esteem of all men, not inferior to Fernelius, Dr. Harvey, lately de­ceased, turns the relation of a strange stone brought to one of the late Kings of France, into an Allegory, or Physical explication of the power and proprieties of the Element of Fire; yet I am not satisfied, but that the relation might be literally true: For so it is, (as I remember here also, for I have none of those Books by me at this time) related by Thuanus, and so by some others, very learned, understood.

Now for the maner how he came by it, the particulars of the story cannot be had by this here preserved, but onely this in general, That it was brought unto him by some, whom he thought to be Angels: So we finde him telling the Emperor, That the Angels of God had brought to him a Stone of that value, that no earthly Kingdom is of that worthiness, as to be compared to the vertue or dignity thereof. Page 272. in his conference with Dr. Curts, appointed by the Emperor to treat with him; and also let him see the stone brought me by Angeli­cal Ministery: And we finde this Note recorded, [Prague, Tuesday 25 Sep­tembris, I went to Dinner to the Spanish Ambassador, and carried with me the Stone brought me by an Angel, and the fourth Book, wherein the maner of the bringing of it is expressed.] And for the use of the Stone, besides what hath been said, this is observable: Some Spirits being in sight of E. K. out of the Stone, Dr. Dee would have the Stone brought forth, but E. K. said, He had rather see them thus, out of the Stone; to which the Doctor replies, That in the Stone they had warrant that no wicked Spirits should enter; but without the Stone illuders might deal with them, unless God prevented it, &c. From which passage also we may learn, as from divers others in the Book that although the stone (as we said before) was the place, in which, and out of which, ordinari­ly, most Apparitions were framed, yet it was not so always: For we shall meet [Page] with divers things in that kinde that were seen and heard, without any reference to the Stone: From the same place also we may learn, that the said Stone was the same he also called the Shew-stone; as in many places besides. However, it is certain enough that he had more Stones then one, which he accounted sa­cred; observe Principal Stone, and this other Stone; & first Sanctified Stone, usu­al Shew-stone, and Holy-stone, may be thought opposed and different; but I understand it otherwise: This is the account we can give of this principal Holy-Stone. And to supply the defect of the maner how it was brought to him, the Reader, if he please, may finde some satisfaction, if he read the maner how it was taken away, and restored, very particularly set down, as before (up­on another occasion) was observed.

Besides this Stone or Stones there are divers other sacred things mentioned, that belonged to this personated Sanctuary, but nothing more frequently men­tioned then Curtains; a Curtain or Vail, as it is sometimes called. A man would think at first, perchance, that it was somewhat outward, but it will be found otherwise; it was seen in the Stone, and appeared of different forms and colours, as they that read will quickly finde.

Next unto these the Holy Table is chiefly considerable, ordering of it is re­ferred to Dr. Dee, which he durst not take upon himself, until he had war­rant from his Spiritual Teachers: This Table, which may well be called Ma­gical, is preserved and to be seen in Sir Thomas Cottons Library (from whence we had the rest) and by his leave is here represented in a brass Cut; mention is made of it, as I take it, where Dr. Dee proposeth to his Teachers, Whether the Table (for the middle cross of uniting the 4 principal parts) be made perfect or no: You may see more of it, it is also called League Table; Table of Covenant, mens a foederis in some places: The Pedestal of it is mentioned in two or three places, and indeed a very curious Frame belonging unto it, yet to be seen in the said Library. But I know not what to make of that, neither Nalu: nor the Ta­ble appeareth; and the round Table or Globe appeared not. I believe it must be understood of somewhat that had appeared before in the stone. The Reader that will be so curious, by careful reading may soon finde it out; I was not willing to bestow too much time upon it.

But here remaineth a main business whereof we are to give an account to the Reader: There were many Tables or Schemes at the end of the Book, containing Letters, a. b. c. &c. disposed into little squares, with an Inscrip­tion over each Table in that unknown Character (before spoken of) expressed in usual Letters how it should be read. There is one for a Specimen here at the end of the Preface; the rest were omitted, because it was judged needless, except it were to increase the price of the Printed book. For first, Dr. Dee himself, though he took a great deal of pains to understand the Mystery of them, and had great hopes given him from time to time to reap the benefit (himself complains of it in more then one place) of his toilsome work and long patience, yet it never came to any thing: and if he made nothing of them (to benefit himself thereby) what hopes had we? Besides, we may judge of these Tables, and all this mystery of Letters, by what we have seen in others of the same kinde. Johannes Trithemius was a man that was supposed by most to have dealt vvith Spirits a long time, and to have been instructed by them in [Page] some of those secrets that he pretends unto by his Books. I know some have thought him innocent, or at least, have attempted to justifie him: Some affect such things to shew [...] wit, and think they shall be thought much wiser then other men, if they contradict received [...] though their vanity and strong conceit of their own parts, be their chief, if not onely ground. Learned and Judicious [...] Vossius, hath shewed himself very willing to think the best of him and his Books; yet he gives it over at last, and rather concludes on the contrary. They that dare defend Apol­lonius, the greatest upholder of Ethnicism that ever was, and by most [...] accounted either a God, or a Magician, need not stick at any thing in this kinde: But say he was, what any man will have of him, (Frithemius we speak of, his Polygraphy, he set out in his life time, dedicated to the then Em­peror: He tells the World of the greatest wonders to be done by it, that ever were heard of: All Wisdom and Arts, all Languages, Eloquence, and what not, included in it. But I never heard of any man that could make any thing of it or reaped any benefit in any kinde; [...] I think is the reason that his Steganography. [...] and prom sed in this first work was so long after his death before it was Printed: It was expected it would have given some light to the first; but neither of that, nor of this latter, could ever any thing, that ever I could hear, bemade by any man. I have good ground for what I say: For besides what others have acknowledged, I finde learned Viginaire, (who in his old age was [...] himself very Cabalistical, or it may be had some disposition that way, though very learned otherwise, from his natural temper) as much grounded in that book, as any man before him: He doth plainly profess he could make nothing of it: And truly if he could not, that had be­stowed so much time and pains in those unprofitable studies, I see little hopes that any man [...] should. It would make a man almost hate Learning, to see what dotage, even the [...] learned, are subject unto: I could bless them that know but little, so [...] knew it is but little that they know, and were [...]: But it [...] falls out otherwise, that they that know but little, think that little to be much, and are very proud of it; whereas much knowledge (or to speak properly more knowledge) f well used, hath this advantage, that it [...] men [...] of their ignorance. The reading of Vigenaires book of Cyphers (which I once thought a rare piece, as many other things of the same Author, which I had read) hath expressed these words from me in this place; and because thath so much affinity with our present Theme, I was the bolder; But to return. Upon this consideration, the Reader I hope, will not be sorry the rest of the Tables (being many in number) were omitted. Though I must adde withal, had I known or thought any use could be made of them, having no better opinion of the Author (him or them) I mean, from whom Dr. Dee had them) I should not have been very forward to have had a hand in their coming abroad.

I should have told the Reader before but it may do well enough here, that besides the particulars before specified, there were other things that belonged to this holy Furniture (as Dr. Dee somewhere doth speak) whereof mention is made in some places: as Carpet, Candlestick, Taper, Table-Cloth, Cushion; and some others perchance. But I know nothing needs be observed upon [Page] any of these. I make no question but the Divel in all these things had a respect to the Ceremonial Law especially; as also in those words, Move not, for the place is holy, often repeated, which are also elsewhere expounded: The Inter­locutors in all this relation, are, Δ. (that is, Dr. Dee) and E. K. that is Edw. Kelley; and the Spirits, to the number of some twenty, or thereabouts, so many named: (Madini, Esemeli, Merifri, Ath, Galuah, Il, Jubenladece, Ga­briel, Jam, Moreorgran, Aph, Lasben, Uriel, Naluage, Mapsama, Aue, Ilemese, Gaza, Vaa, Leveanael, Ben,) at least, but whether all Interlocutors, I know not, because I do not remember, neither doth it much concern.

There be divers marginal Notes and Observations, which being of Dr. Dee his own, are for the most part not inconsiderable, and some very remarkable, all therefore here exhibited; but whereas in some places he had attempted to represent the apparition, or some part of it, in Figures also; this being done but sometimes, and in case it had been done oftner (except it were to satisfie the childish humor of many Buyers of Books in this Age, when because they buy not to read, must have somewhat to look upon; whence it comes to pass, that much trash doth pass for good ware, for the trimming sake, and on the contrary) of little use, no notice is taken of it; except some Figure be in the Text it self, and of some consequence, for the better understanding of the rest.

The Greek, p. 25. b. is exactly set out, as it was found, and yet to be seen in the original, written by Dr. Dee himself: But little or nothing can be made of it, as it is written; and it is a sign that Dr. Dee who writ it, as Edw. Kelley reported it unto him, and afterwards plodded upon it (as doth appear by some Conjectures and Interpretations found in the original, and here also exhibited) as well as he could. was no very perfect Grecian; much less Edw. Kelley, who could not so much as read it, which made Dr. Dee to write some things that he would not have Kelley to read, in Greek Characters, though the words were English: I would not alter any thing that was in the Original: But the words, I believe spoken by the Spirit, (and so the Greek is warrantable enough) were these, [...] This I think was intended of Edw. Kelley, who was ever and anon upon pro­jects to break with Dr. Dee, and to be gone, as here presently after, and in di­vers other places of this relation; nay, did really forsake him sometimes for some time: The sence verbatim is this: This fellow (or Friend) will overthrow this work (of Apparitions you must understand, to which he was requisite, be­cause the Divel had not that power over Dr. Dees Body, to fit it, though he did promise it him, for such sights.) His baggage (or furniture) is in a readiness. And he doth very much endeavor: To withdraw himself from this common friend­ship. Take heed, that you give him no occasion: For he doth mightily plot by art and cunning: How he may leave you for ever. [...] in the first line, may seem unusual, for [...] or [...] but it is an elegant Metaphore. [...] for [...] is not usual; and happily it should have been [...] and so utter­ed; but that is nothing. Certainly he that could speak somuch Greek, (called here Syrian, to jeer Ed. Kelley) could not want Latine at any time to express [Page] himself; which nevertheless, might be thought, where we finde him speaking English, to them that understood it not; so that Dr. Dee was fain to interpret it. But we cannot give an account of all his fetches and projects: He had a con­sideration, I make no question.

I cannot think of any thing else that the Reader need to be told, that is of this nature, and it may be some what might have been spared: However the Reader will consider, that as in all Books, so in this: It is one thing to read from the beginning, and so to go on with heed and observation, without skip­ping; and another thing to read here and there, which would require a perpe­tual Comment, which is the wretchedness of most Readers, in these [...] days of Learning; and therefore they have Comments (or Rhapsodies rather) accordingly; similes habent labra lactuses, never more true of any thing.

It may be some will wonder what made the Spirits to fall upon English Ge­nealogies and Stories; it is at very beginning, therefore I take notice of it for the Readers sake, that is yet (and cannot otherwise) a stranger to the Book: The business is, Dr. Dee was [...] grown into great league and confederacy with Albert Lasky, (or à lasco rather) a great man of Polonia. You had before what Cambden [...] of him of his coming to England, at this verytime, and his going away, which doth very well agree with our dates here. It seems, though nobly born, and to great dignity, yet his thoughts did aspire much higher; and though no rich man, for a man of his rank and quality, yet expecting such matters from Dr. Dee and his Spirits, as he did, he could finde money enough to supply their wants upon occasion. The Spirits were very glad of the occa­sion, and did what they could to [...] him according to his humor: Being then at that very time upon deliberations, that much depended of Alb. Laskey and his good opinion; among other things, his Pedegree, which must needs please a vain man very well, was taken into consideration: That every thing there said, doth exactly agree to the truth, as I do not warrant it so neither am I at leisure at this time to take the pains to examine. We must never look further in those things that are [...] by such, then if it were, or be perti­nent (true or false) to their end and present occasion. Besides, it is very pos­sible, (which I desire the Reader to take good notice of) that both here and elsewhere the Transcribers, as they could not read sometimes, and were forced to leave some blancks (though seldome to any considerable prejudice of the sence) so they might mistake also, having to do with an Original that was (and is yet to be seen) so defaced and worm-eaten as this is, written (as we have said) by Dr. Dee himself.

Besides the authentickness of the Original Copy, written by Dr. Dee him­self; the Reader may know, that the Originals of the Letters that are here ex­hibited, are all, ormost of them yet preserved, and to be seen in Sir Tho. Cottons Library.

IV. I am now come to the last of the four things that I promised, to shew the several good uses that may be made of this Book, and which were principally looked upon in the publishing of it. This order indeed I proposed to my self, but great part of this occasion offering it self upon other matter, is already per­formed in the former Discourse, so that but little is now left to be done. How­ever I will sum them up, and represent them together, that every Reader may [Page] have them in readiness and in view for his use the better.

The first is against Atheists, and such as do not believe that there be any Divels or Spirits: We have argued it, I confess, pretty largely, at the beginning of this Discourse or Preface, and I hope some may receive competent sat sfa­ction by what we have said: But if no Argument had been used, (setting aside Scripture Authority, which would be impertinent against Atheists) I do not know what can be more convincing then this sad Story, so exactly so particu­larly, so faithfully delivered. Truly, they must see further then I do, that can finde what to answer (rationally) and to oppose: This is a great point, and a great ground of Religion; but this is not all: For if there be Spirits indeed, so wicked and malicious, so studious and so [...], to [...] men, and to do mischief, which is their end, all which is so fully represented in this Rela­tion; then certainly must it follow, that there is a great over-ruling Power, that takes care of the Earth, and of the Inhabitants of it; of them especially that adore that Power, and worship it with true affection and sincerity: For without this over ruling Power, what a miserable World should we have? What man so sober or innocent, that could enjoy himself at any time with any comfort or security? But again, what man can read this sad story, and can be so perswaded of his own Wisdom or innocency, but will in some degree reflect upon himself, and will be moved to praise God, that notwithstanding many provocations in several kindes (as damnable curiosity, open prophaneness, fre­quent Oathes, Curses, Perjuries, scandalous Life, and the like) God hath been pleased to protect and preserve him from the force and violence of such enemies of mankinde?

I said before, from les, beginnings greatest confusions had ensued, which is very true as in the case of Bacchus particularly many Ages before; and in the case of Mahomet afterwards, (two notable lewd Euthusiasts, by whom as Instru­ments, evil Spirits, by Gods permission, brought great alterations in Govern­ments, and wrought much mischief and [...] among Men and Women) we shall elsewhere shew more at large. By due consideration of all Circumstances, as chiefly their confident and reiterated Addresses unto, and Attempts upon so many great men in Power and Authority, and the like; I am much of opinion that these Spirits had as great hopes of Dr. Dee, as ever they had of Bacchus or Mahomet. But God was not [...] at that time to permit that their malice and subtilty should prevail. And I think, if we consider it well, we have reason to [...] God for it. England might have been over-run with Anabaptism (when I say Anabaptism, I mean Anabaptism confirmed and in full power, not as it ap­pears in its first pretentions) long before this: God be thanked that it was not then, and God keep it from it still, I hope is the Prayer of all truly sober and Religious And in very deed I know no reason, but the Wisdom and prudence of their Majesties Councel that then were, in opposing Dr. Dees [...] ad­dresses and Sollicitations, may (under God) challenge and [...] some part of our Thanks and Acknowledgement.

Again, The Divel we see can Pray and Preach, (as to outward appearance we mean; for truly and really, God forbid that any thing sacred and holy should be thought to proceed from Divels) and talk of Sanctity and Mortificati­on, as well as the best. And what he can in his own person, or by himself imme­diately, [Page] there is no question, but he doth by his Ministers and Instru­ments much more, more ordinarily and frequently I mean: Let any man judge then, whether it be the part of a sober wise man, not onely to hear such men as can give no account of their calling, but also to follow them, to embrace their Doctrine, to be of their number or Congregation; and all this, upon this account, because they can pray and preach very well, (as they think and judge at least) and talk very godlily and zealously? How much more inexcusable they that will clave unto such, though they see and know them scandalous in their Lives, Proud, Insolent, Ignorant, Seditious, Intolerable, because they can pray, and preach, and talk, as best agreeth with their own humor, and gives them best content? Can any man think they follow God in this, who would have all things done in order, and is not a God of Confusion, (1 Cor. 14. 33, 40.) when all they do, tends to nothing else but disorder and confusion? I confess it is possi­ble, that men lawfully called may prove bad enough, we have divers ex­amples in the Scripture. But if a man, simply and ignorantly be mis-led by such, certainly his judgement will be much lighter then they can ex­pect, who will not use the means that God hath ordained, in so great and weighty a business as the salvation of Souls is. I know not what these men can say for themselves, except it be, that they are resolved to make use of the Liberty of the times to please their humor; they may do it, but if that bring them to Heaven, they have good luck.

But the business of praying, is that I would principally insist upon: You see here how Dr. Dee, where he gives an account of himself to the Emperor, and others, bears himself much upon this, that so many years he had been an earnest Suitor unto God by Prayer to obtain Wisdom, such wisdom as he was ambitious of. I believe him, that he had prayed very earnestly, and with much importunity many times: This was the thing that made him so confident of his Spirits, that they must needs be good Spirits and Angels. I know a man, I have no comfort to tell it, but that I would not conceal any thing that may be a warning unto others, and yet I will have a respect unto him too: But I knew one, a very innocent man (in his outward conversation, and as I believe very really) Humble, Religious, very Learned and Orthodox, and one that had suffered for his Consci­ence, as others have done in these times: This worthy man, being en­gaged in a controverted Argument, upon which his phancy had wrought very much, or rather which had much wrought upon his phancy; he had written much, filled much Paper, and was desirous to communicate unto me as his friend what he had done: But when I perceived that the drift of his writing was out of the Law and the Prophets, to shew the ne­cessity of some things which I thought of a more indifferent nature; I was not willing to meddle with it; and begun to argue against his main drift, and to shew my disliking. After many words to and fro, he be­gan to press me with this, that he had often prayed with much earnestness, and he was very confident that God had heard his Prayers: Yea, he pro­ceeded so far, that if God were true, he could not be deceived, and used many other words to the same purpose, at which I was much amazed, but [Page] could do no good upon him, such was his confidence and violence upon this occasion, though otherwise a very moderate ingenuous man: And thus I found him more then once, or twice. Truly, I think God was ve­ry merciful unto him, that took him away in good time. But certainly this business of Prayer and praising, is a business as of great comfort (the greatest that mortal man is capable of upon earth) so of much more danger and delusion, then many do believe. And if caution and circumspection be to be used in any thing that belongs to Religion, I think it ought in Prayer, as much as any thing. And since I have adventured to tell one story upon mine own credit, I will tell one more upon better authority, which I have long desired (for the observableness of it) to communicate unto the world, and to that end, had once inserted it in a Treatise of mine, which I thought would have been Printed, but it was not: I will first give the English of it, that all men may reap the benefit, and then set it down in the words of my Author (mine own Father Isaac Casaubon, of b. m.) as I have it to shew under his hand.

At a Consistory in Geneva, upon a Friday, 18 July, 1589. The case of one Mr. Nicholas being there proposed to the Assembly to be considered of, who was wont to insinuate himself into private Houses, under pretence of praying, and made small congregations: The business was disliked by the Pastors; First, be­cause nothing in the Church of God ought to be done without order. Secondly, be­cause to turn such duties of Religion to matter of Traffick to get money onely, (without any other end or calling) was not lawful. Thirdly and lastly, his batta­logy, (or vain repetition of words) was not to be suffered: Then upon this oc­casion it was related by Mr. Beza, that the Saturday before, whilest that sharp conflict was, which we had before our eyes, (to wit, between the Genevians, and the Duke of Savoys Forces) that a certain Woman addressed her self to him, saying, What Mr. Beza, will you make Prayers here? To which he had answered, No: What, do you think I do behold these things with mine eyes onely. and do not pray to God in my heart? Giving this reason for his answer he had made to the Woman: [It is not so expressed in the Latine, that the follow­ing words were Beza's words, but the coherence of matter doth so require it] That Prayer was certainly a holy thing, which it did not become any man to apply himself unto, (or to undertake) without due preparation: And that they were deceived, who thought it so easie a thing to pray rightly: And that care also should be taken lest [under a colour of zeal and devotion] a way be made to superstition: The Latine words are these,

[Die Veneris, Julii 18. 1589. Cùm relatum esset in coetum, de Mag. Nico­lao, qui insinuaret se in domos varias [...] & ita aliquando coe­tus, etst paruos, coire solitos, pastoribus res improbata est: Primùm, quia ex­tra ordinem, nihil in Dei Ecclesia fieri debet: Deinde, quia [...] facere [...] nefas. Tertio, hominis [...] non ferenda Narratum est tum à B se die Sabbathi proxime praecedente, dum acerrimum illud praelium committe­retur, quod nobis erat ante oculos, interrogatum à mulieracula, Quid tu D. B. vis preces hic facere? Respondisse, Nequaquam. Tu ne enim (ait) me putas, haec oculis tantum spectare, nec vota in animo ad Deum Opt. Max. fundere? Omnino, [Page] res sancta [...] ad quam non nisi meditatum oporteat accedere, falluntur enim qui rem putant esse facilem, preces benè concipere. Simul cavendum, ne alicui superstitioni viam imprudentes aperiamus.]

In the last place, All men may take warning by this example, how they put themselves out of the protection of Almighty God, either by presum­ptuous unlawful wishes and desires, or by seeking not unto Divels onely, di­rectly (which Dr. Dee certainly never did, but abhorred the thought of it in his heart) but unto them that have next relation unto Divels, as Witches, Wizzards, Conjurers, Astrologers, (that take upon them to foretell humane events) Fortune tellers, and the like, yea and all Books of that subject, which I doubt, were a great occasion of Dr. Dees delusion: That men are commonly cheated by such, is sure enough; and those that are not very fools, would take heed how they deal with them, and avoid them, to avoid the Imputation of Fools; but those that are wise, much more, if they can more then cheat; for the more they can do, the more they know they have of the Divel in them: Wretched people! that will not, dare not trust God, who as he is the onely fountain of goodness, so onely knows what is good for every man. They may rejoyce for a time, and applaud themselves in their conceited successes, but misery, if they re­pent not, will be their end; and it is a great sign that God is very angry with them, when he doth suffer them to thrive by means which Himself hath cursed.

POSTCRIPT.

SInce this Preface was written, and almost printed, I was shewed a Book, entituled, Theatrum Che­micum Britannicum, &c. by Elias Ashmole Esq and in some Annotations there, at the end, an account concerning Dr. Dee and Edw. Kelley, (there stiled Sir Edward Kelley) out of a Diary of Dr. Dees, all written with his own hand: As I do not question the Gentlemans fidelity in this business, so I make as little question but Dr. Dee's own hand will be found to agree in all matters of Fact both here and there, if any shall take the pains to compare. And it may be the Reader may receive some further satisfaction in some particulars by his labor, which is the reason that I mention the Book here, being but lately come to my knowledge; His Judgement either concerning Dr. Dee, or Kelley, I meddle not with; and it may be, had he seen what is here to be seen, he would have been of another opinion in some things: Here is enough, I am sure, to satisfie any man that is not very much preoccupied, or otherwise engaged by particular ends. As for those Reports concerning Kelley, (some whereof concern Dr. Dee also) he tells us of; as I believe him, that he hath heard so, so I must (and may truly) profess, that I have met with far contrary, and in my judgement, and by this account here given us by Dr. Dee, much more proba­ble: And particularly, that Kelley was put in Prison by the Emperor, for a notable Chymical cheat that he had put upon him; the particulars whereof, though they were fully related unto me, yet I will not adventure upon, lest I mistake in some terms of art, or petty circumstance of fact. And let the Reader judge by that account, Dr. Dee (who best knew) doth give us here throughout the whole Book of this Kelley, whether Wevers Story in his Funeral Monum. pag. 45, 46. of damnable Necromancy, and other Diabolical Conjuration, practised by Kelley in Lancashire, be not (besides what is there said and attested) much more probable, then any thing that hath been or can be said by others, to his justification or com­mendation: Which indeed doth make Doctor Dee's case altogether inexcusable, that believing and know­ing the man to be such a one, he would have to do with him, and expected good by his Ministeries; but that the Doctor his Faith, and his intellectualls (through Gods just judgement, as we have said) were so much in the power and government of his Spirits, that they might perswade him to any thing, under colour of doing service unto God, yea had it been to cut his own Fathers throat, as we see in the Rela­tion, that they perswaded him to lie with another mans Wife, and prostitute his own to a vile, and, by him­self belived, Diabolical man.

Besides, I have been told by many, that Dr. Dee, very poor and every way miserable, dyed at Mort­lack, here about London, which doth not seem to agree with the report in those Annotations: But e­nough of them: Neither indeed have I said any thing at all of purpose to oppose the Author, but to give this further satisfaction to the Reader, or rather to the truth, which I thought I was bound to do.

The passage in Wevers Funeral Monuments, pag. 45, 46. concerning Kelley, for their satisfaction that have not the Book, is this; Kelley, (otherwise called Talbot) that famous English Alchymist of our times, who flying out of his own Countrey (after he had lost both his ears at Lancaster) was entertain­ed by Rodolph the second, and last of that Christian name, Emperor of Germany; for whom Elizabeth of famous memory, sent (very secretly) Captain Peter Gwyn, with some others, to perswade him to return back to his own Native home, which he was willing to do; and thinking to escape away in the night, by stealth, as he was clammering over a Wall in his own House in Pragne (which bears his name to this day, and sometimes was an old Sanctuary) he sell down from the Battlements, broke his leggs, and bruised his body, of which hurts within a while after, he departed this World.

Sed quorsum haec? you will say: Then thus, This Diabolical questioning of the dead, for the knowledge of future accidents, was put in practice by the said Kelley, who upon a certain Night, in the Park of Walton in le dale, in the County of Lancaster, with one Paul Waring, (his fellow-companion in such Deeds of darkness) invocated some one of the Infernal Regiment, to know certain passages in the life, as also what might be known by the Divels foresight, of the manner and time of the death of a Noble yong Gentleman, as then in Wardship. The Black Ceremonies of that Night being ended, Kelley demanded of one of the Gentlemans servants, what Corse was the last buryed in Law Church-yard, a Church thereunto adjoyning, who told him of a poor man that was buryed there but the same day: He and the said Waring, intreated this foresaid servant to go with them to the Grave of the man so lately interred, which he did; and withal, did help them to dig up the Carcase of the poor Catiff, whom by their Incantations, they made him (or rather some evil Spirit through his Organs) to speak, who deli­vered strange Predictions concerning the said Gentleman. I was told thus much by the said Serving-man, a Secondary Actor in that dismal abhorred business; and divers Gentlemen and others are now living in Lancashire, to whom he hath related this Story. And the Gentlemen himself (whose memory I am bound to honor) told me a little before his death, of this Conjuration by Kelley, as he had it by re­lation from his said Servant and Tenant, onely some circumstances excepted, which he thought not fitting to come to his Masters knowledge.

Dr. Dee's Apology, Sent to the Arch-Bishop of CANTERBURY. 1594/5. OR, A Letter containing a most brief Discourse Apo­geticall, with a plain Demonstration, and fervent Protestation for the lawfull, sincere, very faithfull and Christian course of the Philosophicall Studies and Exercises, of a certain studious Gentleman: An ancient Servant to Her most Excellent Majesty Royall.

To the most Reverend Father in God, the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate and Metropolitane of all England, one of Her Majesties most Honorable Privie Councell: my singular good Lord.

MOst humbly and heartily I crave your Graces pardon, if I offend any thing, to send, or present unto your Gra­ces hand, so simple a Discourse as this is: Although, by some sage and discreet my friends their opinion, it is thought not to be impertinent, to my most needfull suits, presently in hand, (before her most Excellent Ma­jesty Royall, your Lordships good Grace, and other the Right Honourable Lords of her Majesties Privy Councell) to make some part of my former studies, and studious exercises (within and for these 46 years last past, used and continued) to be first known and discovered unto your Grace, and other the right Honourable, my good Lords of her Maje­sties privy Councell: And secondly, afterwards, the same to be permitted to come to publick view: Not so much, to stop the mouthes, and, at length to stay the impudent attempts, of the rash, and malicious devisers, and con­trivers of most untrue, foolish, and wicked reports, and fables, of, and con­cerning my foresaid studious exercises, passed over, with my great, (yea in­credible) paines, travells, cares, and costs, in the search, and learning of true Philosophie; As, therein, So, to certifie, and satisfie the godly and unparti­all Christian hearer, or reader hereof: That, by his own judgement, (upon his due consideration, and examination of this, no little parcell, of the par­ticulars of my foresaid studies, and exercises philosophicall annexed) He will, or may, be sufficiently informed, and perswaded; That I have wonder­fully laboured, to find, follow, use, and haunt the true, straight, and most nar­row path, leading all true, devout, zealous, faithfull, and constant Chri­stian [Page] students, ex valle hac miseriae, & miseria istius vallis: & tenebrarum Regno; & tenebris istius Regni, ad montem sanctum Syon, & ad coelestia taberna­cula. All thanks, are most due, therefore, unto the Almighty: Seeing, it so pleased him, (even from my youth, by his divine favour, grace, and help) to insinuate into my heart, an insatiable zeal, and desire, to know his truth: And in him, and by him, incessantly to seek, and listen after the same; by the true Philosophical method and harmony proceeding and ascending, (as it were) gradatim, from things visible, to consider of things invisible: from things bodily, to conceive of things spirituall: from things transitory, and momentary, to mediate of things permanent: by things mortall (visible and invisible) to have some perseverance of immortality. And to conclude, most brieflly; by the most mervailous frame of the whole World, philosophi­cally viewed, and circumspectly weighed, numbred, and measured (according to the talent, and gift of GOD, from above alotted, for his divine purposes effecting) most faithfully to love, honor, and glorifie alwaies, the Framer, and Creator thereof. In whose workmanship, his infinite goodness, un­searchable wisdome, and Almighty power, yea, his everlasting power, and divinity, may (by innumerable means) be manifested, and demon­strated. The truth of which my zealous, carefull, and constant intent, and endeavour specified, may (I hope) easily appear by the whole, full and due survey, and consideration of all the Books, Treatises, and Discourses, whose Titles onely, are, at this time, here annexed, and expressed: As they are set down in the sixth Chapter, of another little Rhapsodicall Treatise, intituled, the Compendious Rehearsall, &c. written above two years since: for those her Majesties two honorable Comissioners; which her most Excellent Majesty had most graciously sent to my poor Cottage in Mortclacke: to understand the matters, and causes at full; through which, I was so extreamly urged to procure at her Majesties hands such Honorable Surveyors and wit­nesses to be assigned, for the due proof of the contents, of my most humble and [...] supplicat on, exhibited unto her most Excellent Majesty, at Hampton Court, An 1592. Novemb. 9. Thus therefore (as followeth) is the said 6. Chapter there, recorded.

¶ My labours and pains bestowed at divers times, to pleasure my native Coun­trey: by writing of sundry BOOKS, and Treatises: some in Latine, some in Eng­lish, and some of them, written, at her Majesties commandement.

Of which BOOKS, and Treatises, some are printed, and some unprin­ted. The printed BOOKS: and Treatises are these following:

1. PRopaedeumata Aphoristica, De praestantioribus quibusdam Naturae vir. tutibus. Aphorismi. 120.
Anno. 1558.
2. Monas Hieroglyphica, Mathematicè, Anagogicéque explicata; ad Maximisianum (Dei gratia) Romanorum, Bohemiae, & Hungariae, Regem sa­pientissimum,
Anno 1564.
3. Epistola ad eximium Ducis Vrbini Mathematicum (Fredaricum Com­mandinum) praefixa libello Machometi Bagdedini, De superficierum Divisioni­bus; edito in lucem, opera mea, & ejusdem Commandini Vrbinatis; Impressa Pi­sauri.
Anno 1570.
4. The Brytish Monarchy (otherwise called the Petty Navy Royall:) for the politique security; abundant wealth, and the triumphant state of this Kingdome, (with Gods favour,) procuring,
Anno 1576.
5. My Mathematicall preface annexed to Euclide, (by the right worshipfull Sir Henry Billingsley Knight, in the English language first published) written at the earnest request of sundry right worshipfull Knights, and other very well learn­ed men. Wherein are many Arts, of me wholy invented (by name, defini­tion, propriety and use,) more then either the Graecian, or Roman Mathe­maticians, have left to our knowledge,
Anno 1570.
6. My divers and many Annotations, and Inventions Mathematicall, added in sundry places of the foresaid English Euclide, after the tenth Book of the same.
Anno 1570.
7. Epistola prefixa Ephemeridibus Johannis Felde Angli, cui rationem de­claraveram Ephemerides conscribendi.
Anno 1557.
8. Paralaticae Commentationis, Praxeos (que) Nucleus quidam.
Anno 1573.

The unprinted Books and Treatises, are these: some, perfectly finished: and some, yet unfinished.

9. THe first great volume of Famous and rich Discoveries: wherein (al­so) is the History of King Solomon, every three years, his Ophirian Voyage. The Originals of Presbyter Joannes: and of the first great Cham, and his successors for many years following: The description of divers won­derfull Isles in the Northern, Scythian, Tartarian, and the other most Nor­thern Seas, and neere under the North Pole: by Record, written above 1200. years since: with divers other rarities,
Anno 1576.
10. The Brytish Complement, of the perfect Art of Navigation; A great volume: in which, are contained our Queen Elizabeth her Arithmeticall Tables Gubernautick: for Navigation by the Paradoxall compasse (of me, invented anno [...].) and Navigation by great Circles: and for longitudes, and latitudes; and the variation of the compasse finding most easily, and speedily: yea, (if need be) in one minute of time, and sometime, without sight of Sun, Moon or Star; with many other new and needfull inventions Gubernautick,
Anno 1576.
11. Her Majesties Title Royall, to many forrain Countries, Kingdomes, and Provinces, by good testimony and sufficient proof recorded: and in 12. Velum Skins of Parchment, faire written: for her Majesties use: and at her Majesties commandement,
Anno 1578.
12. De [...] Nomine, Authoritate, & Potentia: dedicated to her Majestie,
Anno 1579.
13. Prolegomena & Dictata Parisiensia, in Euclidis Elementorum Geo­metricorum, librum primum, & secundum; in Collegio Rhemensi,
An. 1550.
14. De usu Globi Coelestis: ad Regem Edoardum sextum.
An. 1550.
15. The Art of Logick, in English,
Anno 1547.
16. The 13. Sophisticall Fallacians, with their discoveries, written in English meter,
Anno. 1548.
17. Mercurius Coelestis: libri 24. written at Lovayn,
An. 1549.
18. De Nubium, Solis, Lunae, ac reliquorum Planetarum, immò ipfius stel­liferi Coeli, ab infimo Terrae Centro, distantiis, mutuis (que) intervallis, & eorun­dem omnium Magnitudine liber [...] ad Edoardum Sextum, Angliae Regem,
Anno 1551.
19. Aphorismi Astrologici 300.
Anno 1553.
20. The true cause, and account (not vulgar) of Floods and Ebbs: writ­ten at the request of the Right Honourable Lady, Lady Jane, Dutchesse of Northumberland,
Anno 1553.
21. The Philosophicall and Poeticall Originall occasions of the Confi­gurations, and names of the heavenly Asterismes, written at the request of the same Dutchess,
Anno 1553.
22. The Astronomicall, & Logisticall rules, and Canons, to calculate the Ephemerides by, and other necessary Accounts of heavenly motions: written at the request, and for the use of that excellent Mechanicien Ma­ster Richard Chancelor, at his last voyage into Moschovia.
Anno 1553.
23. De Acribologia Mathematica; volumen magnum: sexdecim conti­nens libros,
Anno 1555.
24. Inventum Mechanicum, Paradoxum, De nova ratione delineandi Circumferentiam Circularem: unde, valde rara alia excogitari perficique poterunt problemata,
Anno 1556.
25. De speculis Comburentibus: libri sex,
Anno 1557.
26. De Perspectiva illa, qua peritissimi utuntur Pictores.
Anno 1557.
27. Speculum unitatis: sive Apologia pro Fratre Rogerio Bachone Anglo: in qua docetur nihil illum per Daemoniorum fecisse auxilia, sed philoso­phum fuisse maximum; naturaliterque & modis homini Christiano licitis, maximas fecisse res, quas indoctum solet vulgus, in Daemoniorum referre fa­cinora,
Anno 1557.
28. De Annuli Astronimici multiplici usu lib. 2.
Anno 1557.
29. Trochillica Inventa, lib. 2.
Anno 1558.
30. [...] lib. 3.
Anno 1558.
31. De tertia & praecipua Perspectivae parte, quae de Radiorum fractione tractat, lib. 3.
Anno 1559.
32. De Itinere subterraneo, lib. 2.
Anno 1560.
33. De Triangulorum rectilineorum Areis, lib. 3. demonstrati: ad exel­tissimum Mathematicum Petrum Nonium conscripti,
Anno 1560.
34. Cabalae Hebraicae compendiosa tabella,
Anno 1562.
35. Reipublicae Britanicae Synopsis: in English,
Anno 1565.
36. De Trigono Circinóque Analogico, Opusculum Mathematicum & Mechanicum, lib. 4.
Anno 1565.
37. De stella admiranda, in Cassiopeae Asterismo, coelitùs demissa ad or­bem usque Veneris: Iterumque in Coeli penetralia perpendiculariter retra­cta, post decimum sextum suae apparitionis mensem,
An. 1573.
38. Hipparchus Redivivus, Tractatulus,
Anno 1573.
39. De unico Mago, & triplici Herode, eóque Antichristiano.
An. 1570.
40. Ten sundry and very rare Heraldical Blasonings of one Crest or Cognisance, lawfully confirmed to certain ancient Arms, lib. 1.
An. 1574.
41. Atlantidis, (vulgariter, Indiae, Occidentalis nominatae) emendatior descriptio Hydrographica, quàm ulla alia adhuc evulgata,
An. 1580.
42. De modo Evangelii Jesu Christi publicandi, propagandi, stabiliendi­que, inter Infideles Atlanticos: volumen magnum, libris distinctum qua­tuor: quorum primus ad Serenissimam nostram Potentissimamque Regi­nam Elizabetham inscribitur: Secundus, ad summos privati suae sacrae Maje­statis consilij senatores: Tertius, Hi sp aniarum Regem, Philippum: Quar­tus, ad Pontificem Romanum,
Anno 1581.
43. Navigationis ad Carthayum per Septentrionalia Scythiae & Tartariae li­tora, Delineatio Hydrographica: Arthuro Pit, & Carolo Jackmano Anglis, ver­sus illas partes Navigaturis, in manus tradita; cum admirandarum quarundam Insularum, annotatione, in illis subpolaribus partibus jacentium,
An. 1580.
44. Hemisphaerij Borealis Geographica, atque Hydrographica descrip­tio: longè a vulgatis chartis diversa: Anglis quibusdam, versùs Atlantidis Septentrionalia litora, navigationem instituentibus, dono data,
An. 1583.
45. The Originals, and chief points, of our ancient Brytish Histories, dis­coursed upon, and examined,
An. 1583.
46. An advise & discourse about the Reformation of the vulgar Julian yeare, written by her Majesties commandement, and the Lords of the pri­vy Councell,
Anno 1582.
47. Certain Considerations, and conferrings together, of these three sen­tences, (aunciently accounted as Oracles (Nosce teipsum: Homo Homini De­us: Homo Homini Lupus,
An. 1592
48. De hominis Corpore, Spiritu, & Annima: sive Microcosmicum to­tius Philosophiae Naturalis Compendium, lib 1.
Anno 1591.

With many other Books, Pamphlets, Discourses, Inventions, and Con­clusions, in divers Arts and matters: whose names, need not in this Ab­stract to be notified: The most part of all which, here specifi­ed, lie here before your Honours upon the Table, on your left hand. But by other books and Writings of another sort, (if it so please God, and that he will grant me life, health, and due maintenance thereto, for some ten or twelve years next ensuing) I may, hereafter make plaine, and with­out doubt, this sentence to be true, Plura latent, quàm patent.

Thus far (my good Lord) have I set down this Catalogus, out of the foresaid sixt Chapter, of the booke, whose title is this:

49. The Compendious rehearsall of John Dee, his dutifull declaration and proofe of the course and race of his studious life, for the space of halfe an hundred years, now (by Gods favour and help) fully spent, &c.

To which compendious rehearsall, doth now belong an Appendix, of these two last years: In which I have had many just occasions, to confesse, that Homo Homini Deus, and Homo Homini Lupus, was and is an Argument, worthy of the decyphering, and large discussing: as may, one day, hereafter (by Gods help) be published, in some manner very strange. And besides all the rehearsed Books & Treatises of my writing, or handling hitherto, I have just cause, lately given me to write & publish a Treatise, with Title (50.) De Horizonte AEternitatis: to make evident, that one Andreas Libavius, in a book of his, printed the last year, hath unduly considered a phrase of my Monas Hyero­glyphica: [Page] to his misliking, by his own unskilfulnesse in such matter: and not understanding my apt application thereof, in one of the very principal pla­ces, of the whole Book. And this book of It may now be here also re­membred, that almost three years after the writing of this Letter, I did somewhat satisfie the request of an Honourable Friend in Court, by speedily penning some matter concern­ing her Majesties Sea-Sove­raigntie: under this title. 51. Thalattocratia Brytanni­ca. mine, by Gods help and favour (shall be dedi­cated unto her most Excellent Majesty Royall: And this Treatise doth contain three books;

1. The first Intituled, De Horizonte: liber Mathematicus & Physicus.

2. The second, De AEternitate: liber Theologicus, Metaphysicus & Mathematicus.

3. The third, De Horizonte AEternitatis: liber Theologicus, Mathematicus, & Hierotechni­cus. Sive, De Brytanico Maris Imperio, Collectanea [...]: 4. dierum Spacio, celeri conscripta calamo. Anno. 1597. Septemb. 20. Mancestriae.

¶ Truly I have great cause to praise and thanke God, for your Graces very charitable using of me: both in sundry points else, and also in your favour­able yeelding to, yea & notifying the due means for the performance of her Sacred Majesties most gracious and bountifull disposition, resolution, and very royall beginning, to restore and give unto me (her Ancient faith­full servant) some due maintenance to lead the rest of my old daies, in some quiet and comfort: with habilitie, to retaine some speedy, faire, and Or­thographicall writers, about me; and the same skilfull in Latine and Greek (at the least:) aswell for my own books, and Works, fair, andcorrect ly to be written (such I mean, as either her most Excellent Majestie, out of the premisses will make choice of, or command to be finished or pub­lished: or such of them, as your grace shall think meet or worthy for my farther labor to be bestowed on) as else for the speedy, faire, and true writing out of other ancient Authors their good and rare workes, in greek or Latine: which by GODS Providence, have been preserved from the spoile made of my Librarie, and of all my movable goods here, &c. Anno 1583. Although that my last voyage beyond the Seas, was duly undertaken (by her Ma­jesties good favour and licence) as by the same words may ap­pear in the Letter, written by the Right Honourable Lord Treasurer, unto your Grace in my behalf, and her most Ex­cellent Majestie willing his Ho­nor so to do. Anno. 1590. [...] 20. of January. In which Librarie, were about 4000. books; whereof, 700. were anciently written by hand; Some in Greeke, some in Latine, some in Hebrew, And some in other languages (as may by the whole Catalogus thereof appeare.) But the great losses and dammages which in sundry sorts I have sustained, do not so much grieve my heart, as the rash, lewde, fond, and most untrue fables, and reports of me, and my Studies Philosophicall, have done, and yet do; which commonly, after their first hatching, and devilish devising, immediately with great speed, are gene­rally all the Realme overspread; and to some, seem true; to other, they are doubtfull; and to onely the wise, modest, discreet, godly, and charitable (and chiefly to such as have some acquaintance with me) they appear, and are known to be fables, untruths, and utterly false reports, and slanders. Well, this shall be my last charitable giving of warning, and fervent pro­testation to my Countreymen, and all other in this case;

A fervent PROTESTATION.

BEfore the Almighty our GOD, and your Lordships good Grace, this day, on the perill of my souls damnation (if I lie, or take his name in vaine herein) I take the same GOD, to be my witnesse; That with all my heart, with all my soul; with all my strength, power and understanding (according to the measure thereof, which the Almighty hath given me) for the most part of the time, from my youth hither­to, I have used and still use, good, lawfull, honest, christian and divinely pre­scribed means to attain to the knowledge of those truthes, which are meet, and ne­cessary for me to know; and wherewithto do his divine Majesty such service, as he hath, doth, and will call me unto, during this my life: for his honour and glory advancing, and for the benefit, and commoditie publique of this Kingdome; so much, as by the will and purpose of God, shall lie in my skill, and hability to perform: as a true, faithfull, and most sincerely dutifull servant, to our most gracious and in­comparable Queen Elizabeth, and as a very comfortable fellow-member of the body politique, governed under the scepter Royal of our earthly Supreame head (Queen Elizabeth) and as a lively sympathicall, and true symetricall fellow­member of that holy and mysticall body, Catholiquely extended and placed (where­soever) on the earth: in the view, Knowledge, direction, protection, illumina­tion and consolation of the Almighty, most Blessed, most holy, most glorious, coma­jesticall, coeternall, and coessentiall Trinity: The Head of that Body, being only our Redeemer, Christ Jesus, perfect God, and perfect man: whose return in glo­ry, we faithfully awaite; and daily doe very earnestly cry unto him, to hasten his second comming for his elects sake; iniquity doth so on this earth abound and prevaile, and true faith with Charity and Evangelicall simplicity, have but cold; slender and uncertrin intertainment among the worldly-wise men of this world.

Therefore (herein concluding) I beseech the Almighty God, most abundantly to increase and confirm your Graces heavenly wisedome, and endue you with all the rest of his heavenly gifts, for the relieving, refreshing and comforting, both bodily and spiritually, his little flock of the faithfull, yet militant here on earth.

Amen.

An EPILOGUE.

Good my Lord, I beseech Your Grace, to allow of my plaine and com­fortable Epilogus, for this matter at this time. 1. Seeing my studious exercises, and conversation civill, may be abundantly testified, to my good credit, in the most parts of all Christendome; and that by all de­grees of Nobility, by all degrees of the Learned, and by very many other, of godly and Christian disposition, for the space of 46. years triall: (as ap­peareth by the Records lately viewed by two honourable witnesses, by Commission from her Majestie;) 2. And seeing, for these 36. years last past, I have been her most Excellent Majesties very true, faithfull and du­tifull servant; at whose Royall mouth, I never received any one word of reproach; but all of favour, and grace: In whose Princely Countenance, I never perceived frowne toward me, or discontented regard, or view on [Page] me: but at all times favourable, and gracious: to the great joy and comfort of my true, faithfull, and loyall heart. And (thirdly) Seeing, the works of my hands, and words of my mouth (here before notified, in the Schedule of my books, and writings) may beare lively witnesse of the thoughts of my heart, and inclination of my minde, generally, (as all wise men do know, and Christ himself doth avouch,) It might, in manner seem needlesse, thus care­fully (though most briefly and speedily) to have warned or confounded the scornfull, the malicious, the proud, and the rash in their untrue reports, opi­nions, and fables of my studies, or exercises Philosophicall: but that, it is of more importance, that the godly, the honest, the modest, the discreet, grave, and charitable Christians (English or other,) lovers of Justice, truth, and good learning, may hereby receive certaine comfort in themselves (to perceive, that Veritas tandem praevalebit) and sufficiently be weaponed and armed with sound truth, to defend me against such kind of my adversaries: hereafter they will begin afresh or hold on obstinately in their former er­rors, vain imaginations, false reports, and most ungodly slanders of me & my studies. ¶ Therefore, (to make all this cause, for ever, before God & man, out of all doubt:) Seeing, your Lordships good grace, are, as it were, our high Priest, and chief Ecelesiasticall Minister, (under our most dread and Sove­raigne Lady Queen Elizabeth) to whose censure and judgement, I submit all my studies and Exercises; yea all my Books past, present, and hereafter to be written, by me (of my own skill, judgement, or opinion,) I do, at this present time, most humbly, sincerely, and unfainedly, and in the name of Almighty God, (yea for his honour and glory) request, and beseech your Grace, (when, and as conveniently you may, to be well and throughly cer­tified of me, what I am, Intus & in cute: Reverendissime in Christo Pater, & Dignissime Archipraesul, cognosce & agnosce vultum tàm internum, quàm exter­num pecoris tui: And wherein I have used, do or shall use, pen, speech, or conversation, otherwise then as it appertaineth to a faithfull, carefull, sin­cere, and humble servant of Christ Jesu, That your Grace would vouch­safe to advertise me. So, I trust, Ultima respondebunt primis: in such sort, as this Authentick Record in Latine annexed (ad perpetuam rei memoriam) doth testifie: having never hitherto had occasion to shew that, in any place of Christendome: to testifie better of me, then they had proofe of me, them­selves, by my conversation among them: (The Almighty, therefore, be highly thanked, praised, honoured, and glorified, for ever and ever, Amen.

But now, in respect of the generall intent of this briefe discourse, I most humbly, and reverently, exhibit to your Graces view, and perusing, the ori­ginall monument, and authentick Record, before mentioned, fair written in Parchment, with the Seal whole, and perfect, duly appendant: as I have 46. years, and somewhat longer, preserved it. The true Copy whereof, your Grace doth see, to be verbatim, as followeth.

UNiversis Sanctae matris Ecclesiae filijs, ad quos praesentes literae perventurae sunt, Vicecancellarius Caetus (que) omnis Regentium & non Regentium, Uni­versitatis Cantabrigiae, Salutem in Domino sempiternam Conditiones & Merit a hominum in nostra Universitate studentium, affectu sincero perpendentes, eos solos testimonio nostro ornandos esse arbitramur quos scimus ob eruditionem, & morum, probitatem promeritos esse, ut istud beneficium à nobis consequantur: Quamobrem, cùm hoc tempore ipsa veritas testimonium nostrum sibi postulat, vestrae pietati, per has literas significamus Quòd dilectus nobis in Christo, Johannes Dee, Ar­tium Magister, in dicta nostra universitate foeliciter versatus; plurimam sibi & doctrinae & honestatis laudem comparavit: De cujus gradu, & conversatione (quae honestissima semper fuit,) ne qua uspiam ambiguitas, aut quaestio oriri possit, apud eos, quibus hujus viri virtutes haud satis innotuerint, visum est nobis, in di­cti Johannis gratiam, has literas nostras Testimoniales conscribere; & conscriptas, publico Academiae nostrae sigillo, obsignare: quò, majorem apud vos authoritatem, & pondus literae nostrae habeant, Bene valete. Datum Cantabrigiae, in plena Convocatione Magistrorum Regentium & non Regentium, Academiae praedictae: 14. Calend. Aprilis, Anno à Christo nato. 1548. For certain due respects the very Image of the foresaid Seal, is not here in portra­ture publishd; the Moto Locus veri sigillis

PERORATIO.

THe Almighty and most mercifull God, the Father; for his only Son (our Redeemer) Jesus Christ his sake: by his holy Spirit, so direct, blesse, and prosper all my studies, and exercises Philosophicall, (yea, all my thoughts, words, and deeds) henceforward, even to the very moment of my departing from this world, That I may evidently and abundantly be found, and undoubtedly acknowledged of the Wise and Just, to have been a zea­lous and [...] Student in the School of Verity, and an Ancient Graduate in the School of Charity: to the honour and glory of the same God Almigh­ty; and to the sound comfort and confirming of such as faithfully love and fear his Divine Majestie, and unfainedly continue in labour to do good on earth: when, while, to whom, and as they may, Amen.

Very spedily written, this twelfth even, and twelfth day, in my poore Cottage, at Mortlake: Anno. 1595. currente à Nativitate Christi: ast, An. 1594. Com­pleto, à Conceptione ejusdem, cum novem praeterea mensibus, Completis.

Alwayes, and very dutifully, at your Graces commandement: Jo. Dee.

A TABLE Of the several Actions contained in this Book; with the most Considerable Matters, either of Fact and History; or Doctrine, in each of them.

  • I. Page 1. THe first apparition of Madimi, in the shape of a Girle. Alb. Lasky, his Pedegree. This Al. L. (whereof more in the Pre­face,) being the first designed by the Spirits, as a fit Instru­ment, under pretence of godli­nesse and reformation, to turn all things upside­down in the World: But that plot failing, then the Emperour of Germany: after him Stephen King of Poland: after him, Prince Rosimberg, were thought upon, and applications (as will be found here,) made unto them to that end. What al­terations, and destructions of men and kingdoms would have ensued (had God given way, as in Mahomets case, &c.) may be collected out of sundry passages of this Book.
  • II p. 3. Anabaptistical exaggerations of the gene­ral wickednesse, and a Promise of a general Re­formation by A. L. Of Isabel Lister tempted, and, hidden Treasures.
  • III p. 5. Mystical numbers, and letters, for a Magical Lamin.
  • IV ib. Ed. Kelley, his rage and fury, how reproved, and appeased. The Book, the Scroll, and the Powder.
  • V p. 9. Great threatnings of future judgements in all places.
  • VI p. 10. Divers Apparitions. Of good Angels, never appearing in the shape of women; Tri­themius his assertion reproved. The Book. Di­vine inspiration. (See also p. 23. as thou shalt find me to move thee, and divers other places,) promised in the writing and ordering of it. ¶ This Book (had things succeeded) should have been instead of a Bible; as the Alcoran, (and much of the same subject,) is among the Mahometans. See p. 18, 20, 61. &c. A very effectual way to draw people, under colour of a New Law, new lights, and doctrines, (which Anabaptists have alwayes pretended unto) from Heaven.
  • VII p. 14. Divers mystical Apparitions, and di­scourses. Charles Sled, possessed and dispossessed.
  • VIII p. 18. The Contents, and worthinesse of the Book.
  • IX ib. A sudden Sun-shine. The Book named. Some lines of it. Ed. Kelley's pangs, and agonies at some Visions, before Dr. Dee. Good Angels. how to be known from evil.
  • X p. 20. Promises to A. L. confirmed by an oath. Ed. Kelley desirous and ready to raise a Devil by his Art, before A. L. but not permitted by Dr. Dee.
  • XI p. 22. Apparitions before the Lord Lasky: The Devil Prayeth; and (Anabaptistically) be­waileth the wickednesse of the World. Of Angel-Guardians. Sudden death sentenced against the L. Laskies servant, for interrupting, though but casually, the Action.
  • XII p. 23. The Book, and divers instructions a­bout the writing of it.
  • XIII p. 24. Apparitions in the air. Ed. Kelley scandalized and appeased. Prayers for him in Latine and English; composed by the Spirits.
  • XIV p. 25. The Prayer: the use and excellency of it.
  • XV ib. Apparitions and Prophesies, in the pre­sence of the Lord Lasky.
  • XVI. p. 26. The Book to be written (as it is not improbable the Alcoran was:) by Spirits. Some things uttered in Greek: (of which see in the Preface) Ed. Kelley preparing to be gone, stayed with the promise of 50 pound yearly.
  • XVII p. 28. Divers informations and cautions given (by Spirits) to Dr. Dee, concerning secres [Page] enemies at Court, &c. Strange mysteries concern­ing Guardian Angels. Al. Lasky's Seal.
  • XVIII p. 30. New pranks of Kellyes. Dr. Dee much perplexed. Dr. Dee himself heareth, &c. More of the L. Laskies Pedegree. The mystery of the Trinity, Faith, Hope, and Charity: Ed. Kelley [...] (in shew) of many devils.
  • XIX p. 33. Dr. Dee, and his Company, set out of Mortlack (in England, not far from London,) for Cracovia, in Polonia. Their danger, and de­liverance at Queenbo. ough.
  • XX ibid, [...] Apparitions. Sermon-like stuff delivered by the Spirits (in Latine) who tell Dr. Dee that it was they that had preserved him in his late danger. ¶ Very likely indeed that they were the immediate cause, as of the danger, so preservation at that time, to have the more hold upon him for the time to come. For they tell him often of it, afterwards. ¶ A continuation of the journey.
  • XXI p. 35. Apparitions in the presence of the L. Lasky. Most things here in Latine, for his sake. ¶ A continuation of the journey.
  • XXII p. 36. Several Apparitions. Some evil spirits (he acknowledged) appear, and blas­pheme.
  • XXIII p. 39. Sermon-like stuff, of mortifica­tion, &c. Dockum, (in Germany) to be de­stroyed, men women, and children; or saved at Dr. Dees pleasure: as his Spirits make him believe. ¶ A continuation of the journey.
  • XXIV p. 41. Stage-like carriage, and speeches, (such as is seen and heard in Pulpits sometimes,) of Spirits; at which Ed. Kelley is offended; how excused. Prophesies and threatnings of great woes.
  • XXV p. 43. Dr. Dee's several questions of world­ly concernments, eluded by Sermon-like stuff of Sanctification, &c. and some idle Appa­ritions.
  • Anabaptistical Predictions of great Commotions, &c. and Christs Terrestial kingdom, p. 46. ¶ Continuation of the journey.
  • XXVI p. 47. Dr. Dee (to his great grief and amazement) rebuked for his abode, and acti­ons, in unsanctified places. ¶ The constant practice of his spirits, when they could not per­form what they had promised, to make him be­lieve it was for his or some of his companies of­fences, and provocations.
  • XXVII p. 49. Glorious Promises made to Dr. Dee. His present estate in England not very good. He doubteth this present Apparition to be illusions of Devils; and is much troubled.
  • XXVIII p. 51. Gods Greatnesse, Justice, &c. set out in a prophetical-like stile. His Spirit twofold.
  • XXIX p. 52. Some spirits tell Dr. Dee, all for­mer apparitions were but illusions of evil spirits, and he made a fool by them. ¶ And all this (while he supposeth these to be the temptations of the Devil,) to make him the more confident at other times, when the Devil appeared unto him in a better shape, and did most abuse him.
  • XXX p. 54. A continuation of the same Project. Examples of dangerous iliusions.
  • XXXI p. 55. A continuation here also. Counsel given to Doctor Dee to burn his blasphemous, (which he accounted most holy) Books. ¶ A continuation of the journey.
  • XXXII p. 56 The same Project here also. The conclusion of this (personated) temptation, by the apparition of better (as is supposed) spirits.
  • XXXIII p. 57. Sermon-like stuff of humility, per­severance, &c. Cabalistical doctrine of emana­tions, &c. Alb. Lasky excepted against, and some promises revoked.
  • XXXIV p. 59. Some places of the Apocalyps, and of Esdras applyed to these Actions.
  • XXXV p. 60. Esdras again. Strange Predi­ctions (but Anabaptistical, and false) of the destruction of Kings and Kingdoms, within few years after. The New Book, to be instead of the Bible. (See before, the contents of the Sixth Action.) ¶ A continuation of their journey.
  • XXXVI p. 62. Apparitions: good (so esteemed) and evil spirits contest. Ed. Kelley rebuked for his Magick. New Lights of doctrine promised. The holy Language, (not Hebrew,) and the vertue of it. Cabale of nature. Christ's Ter­restial Kingdom: as before.
  • XXXVII p. 65. Christ to be revealed. Doctor Dee's wife and maid threatned by Apparitions. His affairs in England. Sir Henry Sidney falsly reported dead, by spirits. Alb. Lasky conspired against. Cracovia promised to Doctor Dee a place of rest: (and again p. 70.)
  • XXXVIII p. 69 Doctor Dee's questions, not an­swered.
  • XXXIX ibid. The questions again. Mystical, and Cabalistical elusions. Some things obscurely an­swered.
  • XL p. 71. Alb. Lasky in part rejected, as unwor­thy: yet, to be King of Moldavia. ¶ Their coming to Cracovia.
  • XLI p. 73. These Visions and Actions magnified, as incomparable mercies and favours. The Tri­nity acknowledged. Cabalistical mysteries.
  • XLII p. 76. Great mysteries promised. 49 Tables. 49 Calls, &c. Their virtue.
  • XLIII p. 77. An illusion. A further progresse in the Cabale of Tables and Calls: with shew (in the spirits) of marvellous reverence.
  • XLIV (p. 78.) The first Table. Mystical num­bers and letters, &c.
  • XLV p. 80. Ed. Kelley, a Magician, and for it, reproved. Further proceeding in the pro­mised Cabale. Great opposition of wicked spirits (in shew) whilest this wonderful Cabale is delivered.
  • XLVI p. 82. A Prayer, (in words zealous) used by the spirits, prescribed to Doctor Dee, &c. Pro­ceedings in the Cabale. More opposition (in shew) of wicked spirits. Bodily reverences, and pray­ers, often used. The first Call ended. The use and vertue of it.
  • XVII p. 88. More opposition (in shew) of wicked spirits.
  • XLVIII p. 89 The Sabbath (or Sunday) to be kept.
  • [Page]XLIX ib. More opposition: yet the work pro­ceedeth.
  • L p. 91. Nothing appeareth. Ed. Kelley (upon good grounds) very confident, that they were De­vils all, that had appeared hitherto: and their pretended mysteries, very fopperies, &c.
  • LI ib. Kelley, of that mind still, and resolved to brain Doctor Dee. Doctor Dee's great confi­dence (but upon little grounds: whereof see in the Preface:) of the contrary.
  • LII ib. Kelley reproved. The mysterie of Num­bers. The Creation: Fall of Adam. The language he spake, &c.Ed. Kelley re­conciled.
  • LIII p. 93. Somewhat heard by Doctor Dee al­so, to his wondering. Sermon-like stuff of Pre­destination, Election, &c. delivered by spirits. The Keyes: Their use and vertue. Move not, &c. (often repeated) explained. The worke goes on.
  • LIV p. 199. The work goes on, but not without (as is conceived) opposition.
  • LV p. 102. Mystical Apparitions: explained and applyed to Doctor Dee, &c. The holy Book to be written by God himself according to pro­mise.
  • LVI p. 104. A prayer: the work goes on.
  • LVII p. 111. Mystical Apparitions explained. New instructions for future Actions. The Dayes, the dresse of the place.
  • LVIII p. 115. A parable against Ed. Kelley, who contesteth with the spirits about the lawful­nesse of his Magick: yeildeth neverthelesse to bury in the ground his Magical Books, and Cha­racters: which is accepted, so one of 27 be burned. An Apparition shewing (as it proved) the pre­sent estate of A. L.
  • LIX p. 118. Kelley's obedience. The work goes on. The former ceremonies used.
  • LIX.... Ed. Kelley at last very well sa­tisfied, that all is from God: and very de­vout.
  • LX p. 138. Gods power. He not tyed to time. The Incarnation of Christ acknowledged. Warnings to Al. L. and promises.
  • LXI p. 139. Calls, Aires: What and how to be used. Divisions, and Governments of Angels. Divisions of the Earth. Al. Lasky, his case. Mapsama, or Dic nobis, under Gabriel. Jes s acknowledged. Good Instructions, Humility, &c. A good Prayer, ill applyed.
  • LXII p. 146. An illuder. Obedience, Faith, without which, Gods promises not irrevocable. Ex­amples in Scripture. The Cabale of Calls, &c. as before.
  • LXIII p. 153. Ed. Kelley doubtful again. The parts of the Earth: revealed unto Ptolemy; by an Angel. Some Characters and Prophesies of divers places of the World. (Some mistaken, I believe,) Constantinople. The Turk. The Arke of Noe. The place of Paradise. Eli; Enoch, John: where reserved. A contradi­ction observed by Doctor Dee, not answered by the spirits. Rome.
  • ¶ The spirits, (upon good grounds) suspected, and answered by Ed. Kelley, for illuders, and cozen­ers: who is opposed by Doctor Dee, with much confidence, and some appearance of reason. Some mistakes in the writing, from what cause.
  • LXIV p. 159. Ed. Kelley very bold (and per­verse, as censured by Doctor Dee,) with the spi­rits: (yet not without good ground of rea­son; all well considered.) The Book: the leaves, dimensions, and other particulars of it: Not to be written, but by Angels. Al. Lasky yet in favour.
  • LXV p. 160. God all in all. The Devil in perpe­tual opposition. How dangerous (truly spoken, though by the Devil,) to deal with him. Infi­delity punished. Anabaptistical Prophesies and Promises. Al. Lasky suspected.
  • LXVI p. 162. Ed. K. reproved, and exborted to repent; earnestly, yea with tears, in shew. Devils and their businesse, both with good and bad. Some Cabalistical stuff, promised.
  • p. 164. Ed. Kelley's Confession of heretical, damnable opinions by him held and believed. His repentance, abjuration of Magical arts and pra­ctices; conversion unto God; believed by Doctor Dee (upon great probabilities) to be hearty and sincere. His thanks to God for it.
  • 165. More of Kelley's conversion. No Appa­rition, and why: divers conjectures of Dr. Dee.
  • LXXVII p. 166. Apparitions to comfort and con­firm Al. Lasky.
  • LXVIII Visions and Apparitions to Ed. Kelley, first alone: then in the presence of Doctor Dee: The visitation: the mercies, of God: Great pro­mises. Exposition (by spirits) of the Vision.
  • Ed. Kelley tempted, and doubtful again.
  • LXIX p. 171. A Vision to Ed. Kelley, and Al. Lasky: with promises out of the Psalms.
  • LXX p. 171. Furniture of the Table: crosses, &c. The Table of the Earth: Governour, Angels, &c. The Book, (the title of it, Let those, &c.) and doctrine of Enoch, revealed unto him by speciall favour: counterfeited by D. and Magicians: their Characters. Mystical Tables, Figures, Words, &c. Linea spiritus Sancti (a horrible profanation; but such are most Cabalistical my­steries) mystical crosses, &c. Solomons knowledge, (if you will believe them) how far it extended.
  • LXXI p. 178. The Cabale goes on. The wonder­full extent of it. Diseases how to be cured, or procured by it. Money coined, and uncoined, given by whom.
  • LXXII p. 181. LXXIII p. 183. The secrets of States, (so Trithemius too: we have his Tables: but never was any man the wiser: whereof more in the Preface:) Medicine: Christ his earthly Kingdom. All things in these Tables. Ave sudden­ly gone: Madimi appeareth: Doctor Dee wanteth money, but can get none. A gingling (but false) Prophesie, concerning the Emperour to succeed Rodolph. (See also p. 243.)
  • Ed. Kelley, his rage and reviling, much distiked by Dr. Dee; repented of by Kelley himself: taken notice of (his repeutance) by the spirits. An ex­traordinary ex­traordinary (so apprebesided by D. Dee) storm of Thunder and Rain.
  • [Page]LXXIV ibid. More Cabalistical instructions (somewhat like Magick, as Kelley thought:) concerning the practice of it. Dreadful Pro­phesies, of sudden alterations in the World. Al. Lasky, in favour. The Book to be prepared, &c. Ed. Kelley a perfect Magician, by his own acknowledgement.
  • LXXV p. 185. Patience and Humility, com­mended. A pretty similitude (if true: whereof see in the Preface:) of the Adders dealing with her young. Infidelity, how great a sin. Yet Ed. Kelley still incredulous, for all this, and very resolute.
  • LXXVI 186. Christ, his coming in Triumph, &c. The Book of Invocation. Satans (Preten­ded) opposition. Some Prophesies, Promises, and Instructions.
  • LXXVII p. 187. Some questions, belonging to the Cabale, partly eluded, partly answered. Invo­cations of good Angels. Set Prayers not allowed, and why. Evil spirits, how to be dealt with. The Book of Invocations: and now, Set Prayers al­lowed of.
  • LXXVIII p. 189. Sermon-like stuff, of the use of [...], &c. Some promises to Doctor Dee and Ed. Kelley. A Progresse in the Cabale of Calls.
  • LXXIX p. 195. Doctor Dee and his fellow re­proved. Doctor Dee, with great humility, doth answer for himself. Enoch: the Book deli­vered unto him (the same in substance, as this, they say:) by God. His Prayer, Humility &c.
  • LXXX LXXXI p. 197. The spirits appoint their time, and appear. The precise time of Christs coming; and other Prophesies, not revealed unto men, for three reasons.
  • LXXXII LXXXIII p. 198. 199. The spirits, &c. as before. The nineteen Calls, and their beginnings.
  • LXXXIV p. 200. More Calls and mysteries; but not without (pretended,) opposition of wick­ed spirits. Adam's fall. The Curse upon it, and the effect of it.
  • LXXXV p. 206. More Calls and Aires. An apparent contradiction observed by Doctor Dee; but cunningly evaded by the spirits. Doctor Dee, his Hymne, and spiritual (but not from God, because not well grounded:) rejoycing, and thank giving. His son Roland in great danger.
  • LXXXVI p. 210. Doctor Dee's contest with his spirits: he asserts his own innocency, and (to the utmost of his power) obedience: but is baffled by the spirits. Al. L. rejected.
  • LXXXVII p. 211. The same contest prosecuted here also: with some threatnings.
  • ¶ Their coming to Prague. ¶ Some Chimical gibbrish (fit stuff to amuse unsettled braines:) found in the house, concerning the Philosophers Stone. Read there, (and. si rubeo m. sit nupta m, &c.
  • p. 213. Some conjectures, and meditations of Doctor Dee's, upon some places of Scrip­ture.
  • LXXXVIII The VI Viol: in the Apoca­lypse; as understood by Doctor Dee. A very good blessing, pronounced by an evill spi­rit. Divers Woes denounced. Somewhat of Doctor Dee's Wife: Al. Lasky. Doctor Dee, sent to Rodolphus Emperour, with a message, as from God.
  • LXXXIX p. 217. The Angelical Book. New or­ders about it. Al. Lasky, though rejected, yet to be great for a while. Inspiration promised to Dr. Dee, about a Letter to the Emperour.
  • ¶ A Copy of the said Letter (by inspira­tion probably enough of spirits, as a man may ghuesse by the stuff,) to the Emperour. Secrecy desired.
  • XC p. 219. Sermon-like stuff. The power of God. Several Woes. The Trinity, &c. Dr. Dee not being willing to be put off longer, the spirits, (against their wills) make some pro­gresse in the Cabale. Doctor Dee, in the exe­cution of Gods will, to proceed with fury, &c.
  • XCI p. 222. Doctor Dee, sharply reproved (by examples out of the Scriptures, &c.) for chusing (when it was put to his choice) rather present per­formance, than longer delay.
  • XCII p. 223. The same matter here also. The yeares of Doctor Dee's life, 73. and a half; (which perchance might come very near to the truth, if we could certainly know when he died:) determined. Ed. Kelley to die violently: (and so he did: for endea­vouring an escape out of prison, he brake a leg, and died of it; as generally reported:) Doctor Dee doth repent and revoke his choice; in very good language, had it been upon a good ground.
  • ¶ Doctor Dee's Letter to the King of Spain his Agent (or Ambassadour) with the Empe­rour, about his Letter; and means of accesse, to the Emperour.
  • XCIII Several questions proposed by Doctor Dee. The spirits shrewdly put to it about a lye which they had told; and yet by the help of Caba­listical querks and distinctions, (but especially, of Anabaptistical infatuations in Doctor Dee,) they come off with credit. In what sense Doctor Dee might truly say, That himself had seen, whatsoever Ed. Kelley had seen. ¶ Doctor Dee his Letter, and Present, graciously received by the Emperour.
  • XCIV p. 228. Apparitions, not in the Stone. The priviledge of apparition in the Stone. The Mysterie of the Trinity. Rea­son an enemy to God, (to Delusion indeed, and wildnesse: sound, and sober Reason:) as the spirits would have it. The Empe­rour threatned. The names of the spirits now appearing, and how to be found in the Cabalisti­cal Tables.
  • ¶ Some drunken pranks of Kelley's, and why here recorded. ¶ A letter of the Spanish Embassadour his Secretary to Doctor Dee, whereby he doth signifie the Emperours desire and appointment, to have him come to him. Octavius Spinola, [Page] Chamberlain, &c. brings him to him. An account of what was said on both sides. Doctor Dee's Mo­nas, (of which, see more in the Preface:) his Revelations and Visions: His Angelical Stone, &c.
  • XCV p. 231. Kelly's former miscarriage taken notice of: the cause of it: It is for­given. Doctor Dee, &c. Their Office magni­fied. Kingdomes of the Earth to be destroyed. Hierusalem restored. Christ to Reigne. Other Predictions, very strange, (but not true) and the certain year. Rodolph. Emperour, to be exal­ted. Stephen King of Poland, to be destroyed. Enoch's Tables. Doctor Dee his Prayer, and Kelley's Vow.
  • ¶ Doctors Dee's Letter to Octavius Spinola, to be communicated to the Emperour: but not de­livered at that time, by reason of the Emperour his absence.
  • XCVI p. 235. Ga. Za. Vaa: spirits invited: that is, called upon by Doctor Dee: their answer interpreted by him.
  • ¶ The former Letter, (with some alterations) de­livered, and the Emperours very gracious answer to it, by the said Spinola. Doctor Curtzius, a Doctor of the Laws, one of the Emperours Privy Council; accounted very Learned: appointed by the Emperour to deal with Doctor Dee, in his behalf.
  • XCVII p. 237. Doctor Dee asketh counsell, (of God, he thought:) but first encounter­eth with Pilosus, (an evil spirit: [...] as I take it:) and his temptations. Ed. Kelley very penitent still, but desirous, (as unfit) to be out of his Office. The spirits appear. Re­conciliation: twofold: (with God, with the Church, &c. Purgatory. The body of Christ, The case of Rodolph. Emperour, in case he obey, or disobey. The spirit of Choice in Doctor Dee, explained. Doctor Curtz allowed of.
  • p. 239. Doctor Curtz, and Doctor Dee, (af­ter some Complements by Messengers) meet. Their conference of six hours. Doctor Dee's Relation of himself, his Studies, his Suite; (and therein, though not apprehended by himself, his intollerable presumption, pride, high opinion of himself, &c.) Revelations, Books, and wonderfull confidence; as of most, that are so deluded.
  • Ed. Kelley strangely tempted.
  • ¶ Doctor Dee's mistrust of Doctor Curtz, upon what grounds.
  • XCVIII p. 240. Lying: and froward si­lence: not ordinarily expounded. Reconcilia­tion to the Church. The sin against the Holy Ghost: what it is. Complaints; and Prophe­sies against the Emperour, and Doctor Curtz, because of their infidelity, and disobedience. Do­ctor Dee in high favour: England given to him, and for his sake, not destroyed: Yet the Crown there, to be transferred, &c. Doctor Dee warranted, and commanded to write to the Emperour, that he could make the Philosophers Stone: though, yet, he could not, but is promised it; and the gift of healing: (which diver En­thusiasis have boasted of; and if they have done any thing really, there is no question but they have done it by the help of spirits. How safe therefore it is to go unto such, let men consider.) Ed. Kelley prayes for Doctor Curtz his sudden death, but not heard.
  • XCIX p. 243. The same Commission, here again, about the Philosophers Stone: and the Empe­rour, here also threatned: and another (Erne­stus) assigned to his place. Reported here to be possessed by a Devil.
  • C p. 244 Doctor Dee, comforted and con­firmed by his spirits, against slanders, and evill reports: out of Scripture, &c. ¶ The spirits here, seem to allude to a passage of the Sibyls Verses, (a counterfeit Book:) as Doctor Dee doth observe at last, to agree with it. They tell Doctor Dee he shall be with the Emperour in spight of the Devil: (so they can play upon themselves, when they list, to fool men:) but did not say true, and in that shewed themselves very Devils; and that Doctor Dee might have understood, had not his understanding been so blin­ded and captivated by them.
  • ¶ Doctor Dee invited to Dinner, by the Spanish Embassadour: who, among other things, pro­fesseth himself to be descended of Raymundus Lullius: that this Raym. L. (if we may be­lieve him) by a retired solitude, without Books: (the way commended by the late Method al­so: but indeed the most ready way to put men out of their wits:) of an ignorant illi­terate man, became very learned: and that he had the Philosophers Stone: whereupon he doth conclude and build, that which Doctor Dee re­lated of himself, his visions, and revelations, &c. might be as possible, and true. The Emperour, by him commended.
  • p. 246. The second Letter, written by Doctor Dee to the Emperour. His confidence as great as ever; and particularly concerning the Phi­losophers Stone, which he doth here promise to the Emperour, (being so perswaded by his spi­rits, though as yet, as ignorant of it, as ever.)
  • ¶ Doctor Dee at Dinner again with the Spanish Embassadour.
  • Ed. Kelley troublesome: Doctor Dee's confi­dence in God, and great penury.
  • p. 247. Dr. Dee visited by Dr. Curtz, at his own house. His complaints: Dr. Curtz account of the Em­perour (his Master) present apprehensions of this business: Some Mathematical Books written by Dr. Dee, and Commandinus (a very famous man) &c.
  • p. 248. Another Letter of Doctor Dee's to the Spanish Embassadour. His wonderfull confi­dence, declining (wisely: his spirits had so in­structed him,) the test of humane reason. (ro­stris, for mentis to be corrected, here.) ¶ An account, (in a Postscript) of his last conference with Dr. Curtz.
  • CI p. 249. After a swelling Preface, (fit­ted for the Scene, and Auditours) a long discourse (upon occasion of Doctor Dee his Wife's sicknesse:) of true Physick, and [Page] the causes of diseases: much savouring (whereof more in the Preface:) of Paracelsus his style, and spirits. Rare stuff, most part of it, for a Quack.
  • CII p. 252. CIII p. 253. The same matter pro­secuted, and particularly applyed to Jane Dee, (the wife of Dr. Dee,) her present ease: Her Disease: and the Remedy.
  • CIV p. 253. [...] Dee reproved, as not sensible enough of what God had done for him: which is pompously set out by the Spirits. Mo­ney not to be expected from these spirits, who neverthelesse promised them (after a while) great plenty of all things: power to make, and marre, whom they please, &c. Ed Kelley reproved for contriving how to deal away: Al. Lasky to pre­vail against his enemies.
  • ¶ Another meeting of Doctor Curtz, and Doctor Dee's. The Emperours Answer, (by Doctor Curtz) to some passages of Doctor Dee's mes­sage, delivered unto him, as from God. Doctor Dee doth interpret himself. Accepts of the Em­perours profer, to do him good, &c. ¶ Dr. Curtz and Doctor Dee, together again: but no account of his two Letters to the Emperour yet given. Mathematical inventions, of Doctor Curtz, &c. ¶ A draught for a Passe, to be obtained of the Emperour for Doctor Dee, &c. Doctor Dee takes notice of the respects of two Spanish Embassadours, and another great Man, done to him publickly ¶ The account of some two moneths, from 8 Octob. 1584. to Decemb. 20. are wanting.
  • p. 353. Their second arrival to Prage. Doctor Dee's Letter to the Spanish Embassadour; His wonderful progresse (as he thought) in high my­steries and revelations, &c.
  • ¶ His house there. ¶ p. 354. Doctor Dee's Letter to Doctor Curtz: (one of the Emperours privy Council, &c. as before,) Complaint of aspersions, (& minis: not nimia, as printed:) Pro­fession of good intentions towards the Empe­rour, &c.
  • CV p. 355. (ad 361.) Long parabolical, aenigmatical Apparitions; (which Doctor Dee did not like very well, nor understand; as ap­peareth by p. 361.) and some wild Doctrines, of the fear of the Lord; innocency, sanctifica­tion in Christ, &c. cabalistically set out. The Philosophers Stone, promised to the Emperour by Doctor Dee.
  • CVI p. 361. Gods mysteries not to be dispenced but by degrees, &c. The Philosophers Stone, a great mystery.
  • CVII p. 362. A Progresse in the Corbale. Opposition as before. The Lesson (see p. 387.) out of the Book of Enoch.
  • CVIII p. 364. ¶ CIX p. 365. ¶ CX p. 366. ¶ CXI and CXII p. 367. A further Progresse. The mysteries of that worthy Lesson highly set out, and some kind of exposition of it: but as Ed. Kelley rightly judged, ignotum per ignotius. Reverence required. Doctor Dee in a swound. An illusion, (so pretended.)
  • CXIII p. 367. Doctor Dee, &c. excepted a­gainst, as unworthy, because of their sins, and unthankfulnesse, for so many mercies. Another, (whomsoever Doctor Dee would chuse) upon cer­tain cautions and conditions, to be substituted in Ed. Kelley's place. Doctor Dee's sorrow, and humble request about the Philosophers Stone. His desire to be instructed (by his spirits) about the Sacrament of the Lords Supper. The my­stery of it cabalistically unfolded. The Trinity, Adam's fall, Christ's Incarnation. The Do­ctrine of Transubstantiation: Of receiving un­der one kind: Of adoration of the Eucharist: But receiving of it, not allowed.
  • CXIV p. 373. The former Doctrine highly mag­nified: as also the Lesson, in Chimical gib­brish, of multiplication, dignification, &c.
  • CXV ibid, More of their unworthinesse, (through sin) and incapacity, for such high things. Doctor Dee prayeth. Al. Lasky rejected. Doctor Dee much troubled.
  • CXVI p. 375. Doctor Dee very earnest for the secret of the Philosophers Stone, so often pro­mised: but eluded with Sermon-like stuff of re­proof: of patience, afflictions; worthy partaking; [...], &c.
  • CXVII p 378. Doctor Dee himself heareth, and feeleth. More reproofes. Doctor Dee to prevail against his enemies: but commanded speedily to [...] for Prague, to prevent imprison­ment, &c.
  • CXVIII p. 379. Here again, hastened to be gone. Al. L. his case.
  • CXIX ibid. They begin their journey; but by an Apparition in the way, after some goodly promi­ses made to Doctor Dee, for his obedience: and Predictions (all false) of judgements upon the Emperour, and exaltation of Stephen King of Poland, &c. they are commanded to return back again, and to return to Prague. ¶ Which done, Doctor Dee's Child is christened, some of the chief­est in the Emperours Court being Godfathers, and Godmothers.
  • CXX p. 382. The Prophets of old times sum­moned: why visited, &c. The eternal generation of Christ, the Son of God, Platonically set out. Divine Necessity, the cause of all things: Ele­ction: Perseverance, &c. Earnest [...], and exhortations. Christ again: The Church Militant, and Triumphant. Doctor Dee and Ed. Kelley much taken with this goodly stuff, and confirmed in their Errour.
  • p. 387. The pretious Lesson, before spoken of, of revealing the secret of the Philosophers Stone.
  • CXXI p. 388. The Lesson, and some obscure words of it, expressed in English. Ed. Kelley, desirous to be rid of his office.
  • CXXII p. 389. Jane Dee (Doctor Dee's wife) her earnest and humble Petition to God, (so the poor woman thought) and his Angels, for relief in her great necessity. The Petition answered, first with reproof; but commenda­tion, and promises, afterwards. The spirit con­fesseth, he had no power to procure them money: but instead of it, pretends to give them good [Page] counsel, to get out of Prage speedily, &c.
  • ¶ A Record of a hot conflict between Doctor Dee, and Ed. Kelley, about some Magical papers: in which conflict Doctor Dee thought himself in danger of his life, and was faine to cry out for help.
  • CXXIII p. 391. An Apparition fitted for the occasion. The fault of Ed. Kelley's refractori­nesse, laid upon the malice and envy of the Devil, and some places of Esdras, applied to that purpose, Ed. Kelley rebuked; but comfor­ted and confirmed with a promise of no evil spirit to be suffered to trouble him henceforth: and many good exhortations: with a Parable also to that purpose. ¶ Some questions proposed by Doctor Dee, who is referred to the Book of Enoch
  • CXXIV p. 395. Doctor Dee, &c. sharply reproved for not fulfilling the command of a speedy departure, with more expedition. He ac­knowledgeth (convicted by some plausible consi­derations,) his fault, and prayeth fervent­ly.
  • CXXV p. 396. The Stone shut up for twenty dayes. Their journey (from Prage, to Craco­via:) and in the way, strange whirlewinds. Some strife about their house. Al. Lasky, by whom Doctor Dee is brought to the King: (sustinem, for sisterem, to be corrected, &c.) delivers his Commission, &c. He receives the Communion: so doth Ed. Kelley.
  • CXXVI p. 398. The Kings presence required by spirits, at these Apparitions.
  • CXXVII ibid. Superstitious prayers (by ap­pointment of spirits) to the Angels, Governours of Kingdoms and Nations. Stephen (King of Poland) greatly in favour (with God) and to be the Minister of great things.
  • Doctor Dee doth apprehend, (which Kelley doth of­ten professe to have found in himself) that the spi­rits knew his thoughts.
  • ¶ Ed. Kelley, very unquiet, and blasphemous: Yet confirmed again, by some Apparitions; to Doctor Dee's great comfort, who still (very devoutly and innocently, had not he brought this grie­vous delusion upon himself, by tempting God so grievously:) doth submit unto, and comfort himself in God.
  • CXXVIII p. 400. Apparitions in the presence of Al. Lasky. Promises to Doctor Dee, and to King Stephen. Al. Lasky upon conditions to be received into favour again. ¶ Doctor Dee re­ceives the Communion again.
  • CXXIX p. 401. Apparitions at the Court of the King of Poland, in the presence of Al. Lasky, (one of the Princes Palatine of the Country) who is offered by the spirits, sudden destruction of the King, (if he desire it,) or to see him struck with Leprosie; or otherwise corrected, if so rather. Al. Lasky his pious and religious answer, and choice: for which he is commended. The spirits will not endure, though requested, to deal with the King, in the Hungarian Tongue. They promise to speak to him in Latine. A good blessing, and formall absolution, pronounced by evill spi­rits.
  • CXXX p. 402. ¶ Doctor Dee, &c. brought to Stephen, (King of Poland,) who upon some conditions, is willing to be present: yet makes an objection out of Scripture, as not fully satisfied that these apparitions, &c. were from God. To which Doctor Dee makes an accurat answer: (by which it doth appear, that either he had stu­died the case very well, or was helped: as o­ther reall Enthusiasts, by his spirits:) but very full of faults in the Copy, and so printed. More here, I think, then in all the Latine of the Book besides. We take notice of it in the Errata.
  • ¶ Before the Action, a fervent Prayer of Doctor Dee's, of his calling, revelations, Al. Laskie, King Stephen, &c.
  • ¶ In the Action, or Apparition, King Stephen, sharply reproved for his sins. But upon condition of repentance, and submission to God (in this way) the Kings of the earth (intoxticati calice Me­retricis: a phrase often used in this Book: that is drunk with the cup of the Whore,) are to do homage unto him; and he, (right Anabaptisme,) to work strange execution, &c. Very lofty lan­guage, here used: Fige pedem in Aquil. &c.
  • XXXI p. 406. Sad complaint, (as from God) of incredulity: The Incarnation of Christ, and thereby priviledge of Christians above the Israel­its. Tears. Doctor Dee, sent with an errand to King Stephen: and a direct promise, and profer of the Philosophers Stone.
  • Doctor Dee delivers his errand in Latin: (but here our records, I know not by what chance, are very defective. King Stephen, it seems did not prove so credulous, as was ex­pected.)
  • CXXXII p. 408 The spirits are angry, and command all to be shut up, for a season, till fur­ther order. (the account of some moneths is wanting.)
  • CXXXIII p. 409. The power of God. The Jewes, and Jerusalem to be restored. And now, one Francis Puccius (a Florentine, a zealous and learned Papist,) being entertained, and ad­mitted to these secrets: with great hopes of some good to be done by this fellowship: Rome also be­ing designed henceforth for the Scene: (see p. 417.) the spirits apply themselves, and fit their speech to this end and occasion. The interpreta­tion of Scriptures. The Fathers. The Church. Luther and Calvin, condemned. The Pope of Rome, cannot be (say the spirits) the Antichrist: and think they prove it. Exhortations to return to the Church: and a form of Prayer, or Thanks­giving, to that purpose. In the conclusion, the spirits apply themselves to Puccius, personally: He is to rebuke the present Pope, (here called, a wicked Monster,) against whom, if he will not be perswaded, terrible judgements are denounced.
  • ¶ The same Action (because the spirits here rather chose to speak English, than Latine: where­of [Page] somewhat is said in the Preface: in Latine by Doctor Dee.
  • CXXXIV p. 417. The summe of Francis Puccius his commission, in high Language. Future Actions, in Rome. ¶ But here followeth a hiatus of some 6 moneths: which bereaves us of many particulars. In the mean time happened the sentence of banishment against Doctor Dee, by the Popes mediation and authority; (as his Nuncio, p. 434. doth acknowledge) and so brake the purpose of going to Rome: though much dri­ven on by Puccius, &c. as will appear.
  • p. 418. Doctor Dee's record of a strange thing, (a very miracle, in his judgement,) that hapned in his presence, and sight; to wit, Books that had been burned by him, (or in his sight) restored un­to him whole and entire, by spirits, &c.
  • CXXXV p. 419 Prince Rosimberg (you may see his Titles p. 425.) called, and admit­ted into the Society, to be partaker of the My­steries; and the Executioner of (so supposed) Gods judgements, &c. ¶ Prince Rosimberg, upon relation of what had been revealed, con­cerning himself, accepts of it thankfully: promi­ses amendment, and prayes for the Emperour, (whose Vice-Roy he was in Bohemia, &c.) that he may not be destroyed, but repent rather.
  • p. 421. A Letter of his (with his own hand) to Doctor Dee, to the same purpose.
  • ¶ Doctor Dee's Journey to Leipsig. ¶ His Letter to Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary to Queen Elizabeth: wherein is observable his wonderfull confidence; and vain boasting, (though not with­out some grounds:) as a very Enthusiast, and de­luded man: though it cannot be denied, that some Enthusiasts, upon lesse grounds, (when God hath been pleased to give way) have had far better successe.
  • p. 424. One Jul. Ascanius, his Letter to Doctor Dee, informing him of some reports, and attempts against him in Germany, as a Necromancer, &c.
  • p. 425. A Letter of Doctor Dee's to Prince Rosimberg, complaining of those reports, and at­tempts, by the Nuncio, &c.
  • 426. Another, to the Emperour, of the same subject.
  • ¶ The sentence of Banishment against Doctor Dee, &c. in the German Tongue.
  • p. 429. Prince Rosimberg his questions and pe­titions, miraculously (as was conceived) an­swered. A white paper being set upon the Altar, whilest Masse was said: the said paper after Masse, was found all written, and as soon as copied out, all the Letters of it vanished. A Copy of the said paper, or (miraculous) writting.
  • ibid. Some observations of Doctor Dee's, upon Francis Puccius (of whom before) his carriage; whereby it did appear vnto him, that the said Puc­cius did not deal truely and sincerely: which troubled Doctor Dee, who much desired to be rid of him.
  • p. 430. A conflict of his, with the said Puccius, about their going to Rome, &c.
  • p. 431. A Paper delivered by Puccius, to Do­ctor Dee, as from the Nuncio; by which they are absolved from all crimes, (were they never so great and hainous) so they will go to Rome. Puccius his inconstancy about that Paper. ¶ Doctor Dee's Letter to the said Nuncio, upon that occasion: wherein, among other things, to tell him of these Books that had been burned, and were (miracu­lously) restored; and of many more burned (part of these Records certainly) not yet restored, but promised and expected. ¶ The said Letter af­ter some contest about it, committed to Puccius, to be carried and delivered. ¶ More of Puccius his not faithful dealing. Some Heresies also of his. Some other things, laid to his charge by Do­ctor Dee.
  • p. 434. The Popes Nuncius, his answer to Do­ctor Dee: grave, and courteous. (At the begin­ning of it, aut, for autem to be correct.)
  • p. 435. A Paper, (here inscribed and stiled, Oraculum Divinum) in Kelly's absence, writ­ten and delivered (as Doctor Dee doth here re­cord:) by spiritual and divine means: the drift whereof is, to confirm Prince Rosimberg, At whose request, the sentence of banishment is mitigated.
  • p. 436. A long and submissive Letter of Fran­cis Puccius, to Doctor Dee, &c. where, among other things, he gives him a very punctual account of what had passed, in discourse, between the Popes Nuncius, and himself, concerning their cause, apparitions, high attempts, &c. (well worth the reading.) His encounter with a Jesuit, before the said Nuncio. What account Prince Rosim­berg, and some other great men, made of them.
  • p. 444. Kelley, to Doctor Dee: Doctor Dee, to his Wife; but nothing considerable in ei­ther.
  • CXXXVI p. 444.CXXXVII p. 445. Apparitions in the Stone, (after 6 moneths in­termission) renewed, with expressions of great de­votion, in Doctor Dee: but with many Woes and threatnings, by the spirits: who neverthelesse, Prince Rosimberg being present, promise fair to him, and give him some instructions, how to carry himself.
  • Francis Puccius very troublesome; but at last quieted with the restitution (Doctor Dee, at this time, abounded with money, 2000 Ducats in one bag: Prince Rosimberg had a good purse:) of 800. Florens: which the said Puccius had formerly contributed for the service.
  • CXXXVIII p. 448. Doctor Dee makes bold to propose some questions (tending to the se­cret of the Philosophers Stone; as I take it:) out of season; but is rejected, and doth humbly submit.

THE CONTENTS OF THE SECOND PART.

Part II.

  • ACtion I p. 1. Sermon-like stuff: Doctor Dee (having a zeal, but not according to knowledge) mervailously affected with it. Prince Rosimberg his expectation of money answered, and eluded with great subtilty, by ex­ample out of Scripture, of Abraham, David, Solomon, &c. The precious Powder he had, how and when, to be used. Judgements to be exe­cuted upon several Great ones, (sure enough if they had prevailed) by Prince Rosimberg, as from God. Ed. Kelley, his Wife barren: why. He very weary of his office: reproved for it, and another (Arthur, Doctor Dee's son,) to be sub­stituted in his place: yea, and his portion of the precious Powder to be taken from him, if he do not repent.
  • II p. 4. Arthur, first presented, and prepared by Prayer, &c. enters upon his Office: Seeth divers things in the Stone; Lions, Men, &c. but hear­eth not.
  • III p. 5. Arthur again, as before: Three Exer­cises in one day.
  • IV p. 7. Arthur again, as before: in two Exer­cises more.
  • V p. 8. Ed. Kelley, in his Office again: sees and hears, as before. Uriel, first authour of Doctor Dee's and Ed. Kelley's conjunction. A New Law promsed here again. Anabaptistical Do­ctrine of committing Adultery, for Gods sake, &c. ¶ Of some words here, see the Errata.
  • VI p. 9. Here the spirits begin to shew themselves in their own likenesse apparently, teaching do­ctrines of Devils: and yet still (as their instru­ments at this day in divers places) in the name of God. Doctor Dee and Ed. Kelley, are ex­horted, yea commanded, to have their Wives in common. The case argued on both sides stifly and eagerly. Other strange Doctrine of Devils, (noted, and rejected in the Preface) of murder condem­ned by the Laws of men, approved by God. Saint Paul impiously slandered. Great promises, in case of obedience. The Powder. The Pope here accursed: yet Popery elsewhere justified. Kelley scandalized: Doctor Dee in great Agony. Some secrets of distillation revealed by spirits. The Powder again, and how E. K. came by it. Pre­dictions of England, &c. (all false and foolish) Ed. Kelley his fidelity suspected. Cabalistieal mysteries of Letters, and Numbers: not well un­derstood by Doctor Dee, &c. though much helped by his spirits. But at last, he hath joy, (in spirit as he is perswaded) and resolves to obey
  • ¶ Doctor Dee, Ed. Kelley, and their two Wives, their sense, apprehensions, and resolutions, concern­ing this new doctine of promiscuous copulation en­joyned: expressed in form of a Covenant (so by them called) with God: here first exhibited, and afterwards, p. 20. compleated, and subscribed by the Parties: ¶ with a most wicked clause, or conclusion, of dreadful imprecations to all that should hereafter come to the knowledge of it, or bring it to knowledge: whereas it is much to the glory of God, and true Religion, that such mysteries of Hell and darknesse, should come to light, to be abhorred by all men: and that others may be warned by such sad examples, not to hunt after new doctrines, and pretended inspirations and revelations.
  • p. 17. Ed. Kelley his Declaration of his dislike, from the beginning of these Actions, in generalle His opposition upon occasion. His dislike of this new doctrine (in particular) as contrary to the revealed Will of God: how satisfied in some measure: and thereupon his readinesse to obey. But upon the womens professed dislike, and [...], resolves to give over all further dealing.
  • VII p. 19. Apparitions. The chief Stone car­ried away by spirits in their fight. More exhor­tutions and arguments, for compliance to this new doctrine. Offer of a Miracle, for further con­firmation.
  • VIII p. 21. Another Apparition (upon request made) to confirm them in their purpose of obe­dience.
  • IX p. 22. Yet another to the same purpose. The Covenant torne by Kelley, made whole again by spirits. The great power of God: faith and obe­dience; [Page] the main thing. Great promises. Judge­ments prouornced against Kelley his tearing the paper of Covenant. Against others, (some al­ready executed) for enticing him away: By which it seems Kelley being terrified, resolves to tarry, and obey. ¶ The Stone, strangely taken away, as strangely restored, in the presence and sight of both.
  • X The Act of obedience (good words, to coun­tenance greatest villanies, never wanted: as dayly seen:) performed, is accepted by shews and speeches. Commendation of Wisdom. Secre­cy enjoyned.
  • XI Cabalistical Doctrine, of the Creation of man: The soul of man, not the subject of sanctification, &c. Great Promises and Predictions: (equally true) entertained, (with the Doctrine:) with comfort.
  • p. 28. Prince Rosimberg: (the man now in favour: but miserably abused and deluded:) two Letters of his to Doctor Dee, &c. Several que­stions by him proposed, as expecting great things; and wholly to be governed by their spirits. His confidence of a great Treasure, in the Powder delivered unto him.
  • p. 30. Several Questions, and Petitions of Do­ctor Dee's upon the former Proposition, &c. to be offered unto God: among the rest, one for the making of the Philosophers Stone: Another, for Kelley's being sick: for his Wife, being bar­ren: for his own Wife sick, &c. The Empe­perour of Moscovie, his great opinion of Doctor Dee, and favour offered.

    ¶ But here followeth that great hiatus, or inter­ruption of Story, which bereaves us of many years (spoken of in the Preface:) account. All from hence, to the end, set out unto us but the sad and lamentable Catastrophie of this long Delusion. Kelley is no more heard of now; yet the spirits appear still in the same shape, as be­fore.

    ¶ An. Dom. 1607. (Stylo Jul.) Martii 20.

    By this time Doctor Dee was become a very old man: If he were Sexagenarius (as he is stiled in Puc­cius his Letter, P. 1. 439. l. 15.) a. d. 1586. he must needs be fourscore and upwards by this: But we need not take the word so precisely: How­ever if towards it then, (more or lesse) he must be very old now, as I said before.

THE CONTENTS OF THE THIRD PART.

Part III.

  • ACtion I p. 32. Raphael (pretended) sent unto Doctor Dee, to comfort him, being (be­sides old Age) much afflicted with poverty and sicknesse.
  • II p. 33. The same Raphael. Of a certain Treasure somewhere under ground, (as was sup­posed.) Doctor Dee's questions rather eluded, than really answered. Put-offs, and Promises, (of wonderful Wisdom, &c.) still.
  • III ibid. A Voice sent to Doctor Dee, then (as it seemeth) alone.
  • IV p. 34. Raphael again: who, with many fair pretenses, and very forcible Rhetorick (to such a one as Doctor Dee) doth deliver a message unto him, of a Journey into a far Country, to be undertaken by him in this his miserable case and condition, of purse and body, through years, and present sicknesse.

    The danger of his disobedience herein, and reward of obedience; the Philosophers Stone, &c. Doctor Dee is willing. (O rare faith: or ra­ther prodigious, but deserved infatuation!) Salisbury, iand his Devils; if the Devil may be believed.

  • p. 36. Some Cases and Questions proposed, and to be proposed.
  • ¶ It seems Doctor Dee, at this time, took upon him to be a Cunning-man. His necessity which was great, might put him to it to try all means: but I think he was too honest to thrive by it.
  • [Page]V p. 39. The same Raphael. Some questions (I doubt, how truly) resolved about the Trea­sure. The Journey hastened. The History of Tobias.
  • VI p. 40. Raphael in the Stone: The Jewel; the Powder: in Doctor Dee's possession; but not yet of use to him. His thankfulnesse, (good man.)
  • VII p. 41. Raphael again in the Stone. The Journey. Great Promises of Wisdom, &c. Do­ctor Dee's enemies at Court. Money intended by the Emperour (so also p. 38.) to Doctor Dee, hindered. Some Cases, concerning others, and himself, at his request answered.
  • VIII p. 43. Raphael: Divers Questions and Cases by him answered. One John Pontoys, very ambitious to serve Doctor Dee, in these Ap­paritions. ¶ Which end here in our Relation: and probably, with his life: or at least, (though his spirits had promised him, p. 34. addition of many years) not long before his death. I can­not yet learn the direct time of his death: but much about this time, (by all reports:) and in England, certainly. Though his sin was very great (as in the Preface is shewed:) yet because of his simple and sincere intentions towards God, it may charitably be hoped, that God was so mer­ciful to him, as to let him know his errour, and to repent of it, before his death.
  • ¶ p. 46. That which follows here, is certainly intended for part of that holy Language, which Adam in Paradise is said P. 1 p. 64, 92. to have spoken: and by which great wonders might be wrought. I have neither faith, nor cu­riosity to inquire into it any further: neither will, (I think) any sober man.

INstead of other Approbation: the Reader (besides the judgement of the late Arch-Bishop of Ar­magh: for his Piety and Learning so famous every where; spoken of in the Preface, first page of it: and the judgement of divers others, that read the Book Manuscript, and wished it printed:) may consider, how sollicitous the Devil hath been, when he saw his plots (God opposing) not like­ly to take effect; that these Mysteries (these Papers and Records) might not come to light. First, by p. 418. and p. 431. (Doctor Dee's Letter to the Popes Nuncio) and some other places of the Book, it doth appear, that they were all burnt, by command; though some afterwards (upon ap­pearance of better hopes) strangely restored again. Again, Part II p. 21. is that horrible impre­cation; whereof more in the Table. Lastly, these remaining Papers and Records, here exhibited, were under ground, God knows how long: and since that, though carefully preserved, were even at the very last, when the worthy Owner took care, and was at the cost to have them transcribed: and so at the last, (not unluckily, I hope for the publick good:) they fell into my hands.

M. C.

ERRATA: Those of the Book.

MAny will be found in the Book: a good part proceeding (besides ordinary typographical mistakes, even where best care is used:) from the uncorrectednesse of the Copy: which might happen, partly through the illegiblenesse of the Original it self, in ma­ny places: and partly from mistakes in the said Original, where most legible. The cause of which mistakes and miswriting, you may find P. I p. 159 l. 20. &c. and besides what is there said, it may be probably collected from P. II. p. 27. l. 43. and p. 23. l. 20. and some other like places that Ed. Kelley for the most part, when he made report to Doctor Dee, of voices and spee­ches, (such especially as were of some length) did not know what he said himself, and so might the easier mistake. A good part of the Greek. P. I. p. 27. was misreported, and mistaken, as is shewed in the Preface p....) and I believe never throughly un­derstood by Doctor Dee himself: It cannot therefore be expected otherwise, but that there should be many faults in the writing: for which I would not have the innocent (the Printers and Correctors, I mean:) to bear more blame, than comes to their share. Yet how­ever, though many: most are such (those places excepted where the Original was very faulty:) as may easily be corrected by an ordi­nary Reader that is conversant in books of all kinds: Or if not so easily corrected yet such as will not bereave the Reader of the main sense and matter. Some few passages here and there, it may be, will be found where a reasonable Scholar may be put to it: as P. II. p. 9. L 11. alias vobismet ipsis disimperitis: which certainly must be read, alas vobismet. ipsis disruperitis: there being a man fest (and perti­nent) allufion, in the words, to that allegorical [...] (wing-breeding: or, bearing:) of the soul, so famous in the Books of Philosophers; Platonists especially. That very expression is to be found in Plato, (or Works commonly adscribed unto him:) not [...] onely and [...] (which is the same in effect:) but even [...] alas confringere, as it is here. Some such places here and there, may be found, where the Reader must take some time to consider, (in what is Latine, especially:) if he think it worth the while. I have said as much as I think needful, and my leisure will afford me at this time.

¶ Since this written, observing that p. 403, 404. the Latine there in both pages, is very full of faults, (far more there, than any where else: that I have observed:) I thought it would not be amisse to correct those two pages. The Reader may the bet­ter know what he hath to do upon such occasions, though I dare say he will not meet with the like again in the whole Book.

PAge 403. line 3, 4. read Cons. in oratione vestrâ r. t. q. capitulâ, in q. totius orationis u. est. m. Pr. de prophetiarum & revela­tionum cess ib. l. 6 gratum, l. 8. Regiae. l. 9. intelligitur. ib. omnimodae D. pot. l. 12. proph. scilicet de D. f. l. 14. completam & consummatam. l. 17. Nam ob hanc causam c. — scivisset. l. 18. prophetica — praecipuus sc. l. 19. Christianos) — collimatus & i [...] l. 20. redemptionis humanae consummatum c. l. 21. Nam cum cons. l. 22. deponentes eum de. l. 23. ipsemet ch. l. 26. Christum — incipiens à M. l. 27. interpretabatur. l. 28. eosdem repetebat; Haec sunt verba quae locutus sum ad vos, cum adhue essem vob. l. 30, 31. nullae ess. prophetiae vel revel. ipsae se. — dicendum c. l. 32. rev. sive notabili illâ B. Joannis Ap. l. 33. [...] l. 34. Et in vl. c ei. Ap. sive Revelationis, ter, eandem u. l. 36. Praeterea, quae er. l. 28 Actuum l. [...] C. l. 39. p ipse dicit, si gl. l. 42. & ne magn. revelationum extollat me, d. e. m. stimulus c. l. 43. colaphizet. &. Notum m. f. l. 48. Evan­gelistus. l. 50. [...] pl. l. 52. scimus, & jam hac aet. l. 53. prophetiae. l. 54. u. expressae de m. Divinis Et de locut. l. 55 invisibile q.

Page 404. l. 1. quid putandum est? — Christi t. l. 2. Actuum. l. 3 supervenerunt. l. 5. quae facta e. s. Claudio. ¶ Ad sec. a. l. 6. asseronovit. l. 11, 12. vere p. r. discr. existimetis D. l. 13. secreta, valde l. l. 16. nostrarum A. l. 19. actiones: Angelorum videl. D. b. l. 20 sunt cens. l. 26. Sempiterne vere, & une D. l. 27. admonuisti. l. 29. syrtibus m. — homicidar. l. 30. expedivisti. l. 33. agnescimus. l. 39. mirificis — sitiebas R. l. 34. qui t. [...] & [...] ex animo t. s. vir. l. 41. obedientiam exhibeam. l. 42. notos — sustineremus, st. 43. nostras — per 7. m. l. 44. autem — tuâ maximâ gratiâ, f. l. 45. incolumes. 46. n strae o — spurcitiis: l. 50. fermentanda g. l. 51. quidam propositi nis. l. 53. viribus transglutiendo u. l. 54. Mitte ig. n. lucem & v — sempiterne, Vive, & Vere. l. 56 vivum — esse: Me autem. l. 57, fidelem tuum & sincerum e. servum: l. 58. ante m. ¶ In the Margin (as I ghuesse:) In lapide quem Ang. m. adduxit: & perscripta erat nostra a. cum eodem.

Some things to be corrected in the Preface: the Authour being then in a Journey when it was printed, and so his intended re-view being prevented by the quicknesse of the Presse.

FIrst, he desires the Reader to take notice that he finds his Orthographie altered in divers places: as Phylosophie, and Phyloso­pher; for Philosophie, &c. Hyppocrates, for Hippocrates, &c, His pointing also: as, full points, for two points: as in the second page. before Although: and before: Yet: which doth much obscure the sense. ¶ Besides this: (but I must desire the Reader first to adde the figures there, none being printed:) Page 1. line 17. read: in any age: to read I say, &c. p. 2l. 44. First then, (as from them th. p. 3. l. 6. [...] t. p. 4. l. 14 how that happ. p. 5. l 35. r. and others, some to s. p. 7. l. 4. r. ingenuous prof. p. 10. l. 14. which may eas. p. 11. l. 43. So Justine M So quoted indeed and believed by divers; but not rightly: but however one of the anc. p. 13. l. 19. [...]. saepissimè [...] p. 14. l. 7. r. by the out app. ibid l. 37. some mischief w. be d ibid l. 40. r. as the D. p. 15. l. 36. Jul. Caesar [...]. p. 16. l. 23. and 28. Trallianus. ibid l. 43. r. Reason: sight, S. ibid l. ult. that those m. p: 18. l. 23. these cl. p. 19. l. 37. admisisset ille [...] se u. ib. 42. r. se. illi ign. p. 19. l. 7. deseruit n. Ib. 10. [...] Ibid 20. aperirem. Ibid 45. th. dayes among others, one melioris notae, as we say, by S. H. against [...]. As afterwards (some 3. or 4. years after) Popish im­postures (then used and discovered) of the same nature, for the advancement of their cause, occasioned another of the same Authour, and Subject, (exorcismes) against Papists. I have th. — p. 21. 18. [...] Ib. 23. adductos. Ib. 24. cum c. s. p. 23. l. 21. Christians: ackn. Ib. 33. more sex. Ib. 35. Sec. therefore w. p. 24 44. [...] p. 25. 44. true a. s. Chr. p. 26. 28. request t. p. 27. 26. yea ready, wh. p. 28. 11. fors. [...], p. &c. and p..... (in Lat. p. 27. 43. presented; and appr. p. 30. 25. true nat. but in the o. Ib. 26. obs. dilig. Ib. 30. for that P.... himself f. p. 31. 31. commendeth. p. 33. 7. differences in r. Ib. 11. 12. of thing — hath d. p. 34. 36. delayed a. p. 35. 34. confused or conf. p. 35. 7. Devils w. Ibid 9. He did c. p. 37. 22. lived. Th. 39. 6. more probably den. Ib. 17. part it is (if any part at all, and not rather a new coun­terseit under an old vizor:) so oft. Ib. 36. hath had a h. p. 40. 7. spirituum — meâ aet. Ib. 11. d. do th. Ib. 15. Ars. fac. Ib. 23. former a. p. 41. 23. of what is tr. p. 43. 6. they may h. f. som. perchance th. ibid 7. Synes. ibid 23. in the T. ibid 33. conceited. ibid 43. some Table. p. 44. 6. about a y. p. 46. 7. priùs ost. p. 47. 25. more of it. It is a. ibid 27. belonged u. p. 49. 15. who b. ib. 31. 43. [...] 32. [...] 44. [...] 45. [...] p. 50. 12. lactucas. 45. of this, occ. p. 52. 30. I knew. p. 53 5. and praying. Postscript l. 22 ministery.

Besides these Errata's: it is fit the Reader should know that the written Copy of the Preface had many references to the pages of the Book M S. which because they did not agree with the printed pages, the Printer thought impertinent to set down: which neverthelesse hath bred some confusion in some places; as p. 46. 47. and elsewhere: but may easily be rectified by the Table, at the beginning. Again, some marginal quotations are omitted, which may be supplied. P. 34. against the 3, 4. and fol­lowing lines: [Treatise of Enthusiasme: Ch. 4. and 6. of Rhetor. and [...]. Enth.] P. 36. against line 11, 12. &c. [Vera ac memorabilis Historia de 3. Energumenis &c. Lut. Par. 1625. dedicated to the King of France.] P. 48. against l. 6, 7. &c. [De arte Gramm. l. 1. cap. 41. p. 141, 142.]

Lastly, I cannot give a reason of the Italica: or different letter, in some places: but that the Printer, or some body else, have pleased their phansies therein.

In the Table: Part I Act. VI. of the same nature. Act. LI. res. to leave Dr. Dee. Act. LXIII. Some char. and properties. Act. CI. observe: at least. to ag. Act. CIV. no ace. of his second L. ibid is want. Act. CVII. in the Cabale. Act. CXIII. but reserving of it not all. CXVII. from Prag. Act. CXX. spoken of, rev. CXXX. intoxic. CXXXV. he doth tell b. of those b.

Part II Act. IX. pronounced ag.

The HOLY TABLE
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A Specimen of the Tables or Book of ENOCH.
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