A Declaration OF THE KINGS Most excellent Majesties proceeding With his Army at OXFORD, And elsewhere. As it was related by a Student from thence.

LONDON, Printed for I. Wright, and are to be sold in the Old Baily. 1642.

The copy of a Letter written from a Stu­dent in Oxford to his friend in London.


IT hath brought much joy unto my heart, (which languished before under the feel­ling and apprehension of these civill tu­mults) to understand the good [...]ewes of your health, and that the malignancy be­twixt our old Collegiates, Doctor Picke­ring and Doctor Turner is happily reconci­led. I know with a labouring desire you almost travaile with this Post to bee informed how the affaires of his Majesty here in Oxford doe advance themselves, which I must dispatch in my old and dull way; and though I shall offend you with my rudenesse, I shall content you with the truth.

His Majesties forces having for many considerations beene retired from B [...]nbury, were not long since brought nearer un­to Oxford, and billetted at Bril, a high and hilly place, and where (before it was disforested) was fuell and billet enough. The situation of it is no lesse knowne unto you, then to my self▪ we have often made it our scene of pleasure, which must bee now of danger and of terrour to the adjacent Country, or to whatsoever forces shall take up armes to unwinter his Majesty from Oxford, or offer to invade his Armies. Our neighbours in Buckingham shire begin to startle at it, and seeing the tem­pest that threatneth to destroy them, they know not which way to avoid it. They who were before so obstinate as to re­fuse Prince Roberts Orders for bringing in victuals to his Ma­jesties Army, are now imploying their utmost studies and en­deavours in providing victuals for themselves. The heighth of the place, and the strength of it will over awe the adjacent [Page] plaines, and the neighbouring hils, which before did hold up aloft their proud and unrivall'd heads, must bee now taught to stoope to the supremacy of Bril. Even Shot-over it selfe bears downe his [...]nweildy shoulders, and acknowledgeth the sport and chasing of the Deere to be farre inferiour to the honour of Bril, and to the game of war. Even Wood stocke, famous for the delight of Princes, and fo [...] the fountaine of Rosamond, and for her beauties, clee [...]er then that fountaine, refuseth to heare the h [...]story and flatterings of her forgotten glories, and in glad silence and obedience listens to the commands and thunders of Bril: while the Barnes, open as hospitality, strive who shall first send in the tribute of their graine, and the richer houses the tribute of their Plate, which trasported to Oxford must re­ceive there an impression, as well as Paper. The King is the Vicegerent of God, the Parliament the Vicegerent of the King, and the closer they seeke after peace, and the unity of Religion, the neerer they arive unto the Essence and the Monarchy of God. The Pesants themselves, whose churlish understanding lyes onely in the Spade, the Coulter, and the Flayle, whose narrow braine cannot distinguish betwixt a Gospel and a Pam­phlet, bring in their hands and hearts to the advancement of this great Designe. Loyalty is a word of great extent and lati­tude in nature, and striking an impression in the most cruell and most unreasonable creatures, too oftentimes convinceth man to be the most unruly beast in all the field. Whiles I am wri­ting this, my Servitor hath brought mee in the tidings of the great joy in London which hee is informed hath possessed the City for taking the Lord Grandison prisoner at Winchester; if he can be as safe from your Pamphlets, as his person is from your Dragooners, I doubt not but his Honour will bee secure enough. You may doe very well to blot him out of your lists, and many more Commanders with him, whose names, and not whose persons, you have taken prisoners. It would much re­joyce [Page] me to heare of your petitions for peace, in which every honest and ingenious spirit would here petition with you, and joyntly with humbled hearts, and the eloquence of bended knees, petition all to the great God of peace, that this so great a blessing may speedily and really be derived to us, for the pro­tection of the true Religion, who lifts up her innocent hands to Heaven, and from whose eyes raine downe more blood, then from her professors wounds, to see the distraction & hor­rour of these present times; and that shee who doth most la­ment it, should bee accused to occasion this most unnaturall warre. For the preservation of his Majesties person, and his po­sterity, whose inclinations have beene sutable to his great Fa­thers, and ever more desirous of peace then warre. For the ad­vancement of learning, the Arts enjoying now their best har­mony amidst the sound of the Drum and of the Canon, and Armes againe by a rare happinesse finding their best welcome in the habitations of the Muses: For the flourishing of the state in generall, and of every private person in particular, in which he should be as truly glad to see you, as you him who is,

your true friend to serve you, W. C.

The Answer to the former Letter.


I Am glad to heare of your health, and I am sorry to find you are so mistaken in your letter, both in the manner and the matter, and which is attended rather with flourish and invention of a Poet, then with that easie and naturall grace which a familiar Epistle doth delight in. For the matter of it, it s;temes as farre from truth as substance, (I must beseech you to excuse my boldnesse, for being my ancient friend, I am bound to deale uprightly with you:) you [Page] seeme with great glory to advance the retreating of His Ma­jesties forces from Banbury, and their retiring unto Brill, where you would make us beleeve there is a fort now raysing of great consequence, which shall secure the City of Oxford, and op­pose the neighbouring County, and all invadors whatsoever. Such a design may be in agitation & like enough, but it is so far from the modesty of a Sholar to boast of the making of works for the maintainance of warre, that it is scarse sutable to the condition of an honest man, and in the meane while you pray for peace, you observe not in what a lamentable condition this Kingdome is like to be involved by the Papists Army now un­der the command of the Earle of Newcastle, who is maching up towards Oxford to His Majesty with them; and it is worth observation, that the King of France being a great Catholick, hath removed many Papists Councellours, and taken Pro­testants in their places, and that the King of England being a Protestant should refuse the advise of his Protestant Parliament, and seek unto Papists for his strength and Councell, but God (I doubt not) will preserve his sacred person, and speedily in his good time settle him in the eies of his best Councellours, and in the hearts of his best Subjects; yet I must not forget with what closenes and subtilty the Papists have a long time indea­voured to withdraw His Majesties heart from his good people and to endeavour the ruine and devastation of the Kingdome. When then they found it was impossible for them by open strength to induce their religion into the Kingdome, they la­boured night and day to make a misunderstanding betwixt His Majesty and his Councell, and by that means to with­draw His Majesties person from his Parliament; when they had fomented this, and mischievously accomplished it, they found the Kingdom would immediatly rise up in Arms against them, if they should make open shew of what they intended to put in practice, they found therefore no better course to cry up [Page] their religion, then by crying up our owne; here upon pro­ceeded so many Protestations from His Majesty, (whose zeale to the true religion no man will deny) for the preservation of the ancient religion setled in the daies of Queen Elizabeth, and King Iames of happy memory: this they knew would make a great impression in the hearts of the people, and cause them to thinke evill of the Parliament, and draw the greatest part of the land to side with his Majesty: When they found that this de­signe tooke effect, many great men that were known before to be open Papists, the better to comply with the times, dissem­bled their religion, and the more to endeere themselves to His Majesty, would resort unto the church with him: It was report­ed then that the King had not a Papist in his Army. The cuntry thronged in abundance to assist His Majesty, who (they said) received much damage and injury fom his Parliament. When they found the King had made himself strong with the Armes and numbers of his people, and that according to their ex­pectation much bloud was shed, and that there was such a heart-burning amongst the Nobility that it is to bee feared this age will not extinguish, then they began to pull off their vizards of hypocrisy, and to shew themselves in earnest. First there was drawne a Declaration by my Lord of Newcastle to countenance the Papists taking up of Armes; presently a great resort of Papists, Commanders & others addressed themselves unto him. Many notorious Papists in the Kings Army were not ashamed openly to confesse themselves, and it is to be fea­red that His Majesty, who at the first entertained some for their assistance, in the end of the warre must be inforced to gratifie some for their necessity; who by reason of their service, being gratious to the King, will continew to infuse ill counsell into his sacred eares, or be of power with his Ministers and agents of State to procure a toleration at least for their Religion. You [Page] see my Lord of Newcastles Army is marching towards Ox­ford, and what true heart that doth not bleed to consider the cruelty of the bloudthirsty Papists? You may doe well to turne your thoughts from the fortification of Brill, to a considerati­on in what an imminent danger His Majesty▪ our Religion, and the whole Kingdome is, if (which God forbid) the Earle of Newcastles Army should prevaile, and from the praying for peace (for how can there be peace as long as Idolatry, and bloudshed and rapine raigne?) to petitions with uncessant pray­ers Almighty God to blesse our Armies that are going forth, to returne them safe with honour and victory, to pluck his sa­cred Majestie from the pernitious hands of such desperat men, and to reduce him safe to his great Councel: neither do we de­spair of it, for we are informed that his Excellence hath sent forth some Regiments to hinder the progresse of the work, and that the Country round about do take up Armes to frustrate it. I must desire you to excuse the sharpnesse of my pen, and to impute it to the love and not the harshnesse of him who is.

Your ever loving friend. T. H.

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