[Page] THE MEMOIRES OF Monsieur DEAGEANT: Containing the most secret Trans­actions and Affairs of France, from the Death of Henry IV. till the beginning of the Mini­stry of the Cardinal de Richelieu. To which is added A Particular Relation of the Arch-Bi­shop of Embrun's Voyage into Eng­land, and of his Negociation for the advancement of the Roman Catho­lick Religion here; together with the Duke of Buckingham's Letters to the said Arch-Bishop about the Progress of that Affair: Which hap­pened the last Years of King James I. his Reign.

Faithfully Translated out of the French Original.

London, Printed for Richard Baldwin in the Old Baily, 1690.


THE following Memoires need no other plausible Chara­cter to recommend them to the favour of the English Reader, than that they contain matters of singular Importance, manag'd with all imaginable Secresy and Art; whereof this Nation had no small concern then, and may have no less reason to be inform'd of now: there [Page] is the more credit to be given them, in regard they were written by the Person that was the chief Contriver and Manager of all the Intrigues and Plots that were then form'd to ruine the Protestant Interest in France, and to supplant the same in England; and for the particular in­formation of the Cardinal of Riche­lieu, when he entred upon the publick administration of the Affairs of France, whose private Favourite the Author was. We have two illu­strious Instances of the indefatigable Industry of the Romish party in those Days hardly to be paralell'd else­where; one in the Person of a French Hugonot Minister, who being a Man of Intrigue and Ambition, and ha­ving credit with some great Men of his Party, was prevailed on by the fair Promises, and plausible In­sinuations of the Romish Emissaries, to abjure the Protestant Religion, and embrace that of Rome, and yet ob­tain'd [Page] a Dispensation from Rome to continue in the Prosession of the Protestant Religion, and Exercise of his Pastoral Function towards his Congregation for several Years, on purpose to betray all their Counsels and Designs. The other is of the Duke of Buckingham's being re­concil'd to the Church of Rome, notwithstanding his continuing af­terwards in the Profession of the Re­ligion of the Church of England. The whole Negociation of the Arch-Bishop of Embrun, who came pri­vately over into England about the latter end of King James the First his Reign, to obtain a Toleration for Popery, you will find at large at the end of the Book; together with some Letters that past betwixt the Duke of Buckingham and the said Arch-Bishop, in relation to that Design.

[Page] Besides, this Book in the Original is become very scarce, and hardly to be found at Paris; and I know that it has been sold for a Pistole, when it could be met with.

The Memoires of Mon­sieur Deageant, con­taining the most secret Negotiations and Affairs in France, &c.

SInce I never designed to commit to Writing any thing concern­ing the remarkable Occur­rences in the Affairs of this Kingdom, that happen'd during the time of my Employment therein; after my retirement from the Court in the Year, 1619. For several Rea­sons I burnt all the Papers that might be of use to me in preserving the Me­mory of those Passages that I had seen and been conversant in, because I be­lieved that I should never have any further occasion for them, especially since I had firmly resolved for the future to lay aside all Thoughts of being engaged in Matters of the like nature. Insomuch that it will be im­possible for me to make a Relation [Page 2] so perfect and exact as I could wish, which I have been nevertheless com­manded to do by my Lord Cardinal of Richelieu, and whereas I can re­fuse nothing on behalf of his Eminen­cy that lyes in my Power to perform, without transgressing by a manifest ingratitude against those Obligations that are common to me with all the rest of my Country-men, as also against those particular Engagements that I lye under for many Favours received by me from his incomparable Gene­rosity; I would therefore make it my most humble Request to him, graciously to admit the same Reasons that have formerly passed for a law­ful Excuse on occasion of the like Commands that his Lordship hath formerly been pleased to lay upon me.

That I may not waste Paper to no purpose, and to avoid tediousness in the description of those things that are commonly known, or have been al­ready brought to light. I presume his Eminency will be satisfied if I only produce here those Particulars that my Memory can recollect, which [Page 3] have not as yet been mentioned by any that I know, and whereof (as I believe) few Persons have been in­formed.

About the end of the preceding Reign, I began to be employed as well in the managing of Dispatches, as in the Transaction of some important Affairs, but because I was afterwards discharged from that Office, and I have since made but little or no Re­flection thereon, I am not able to re­late any thing very considerable; al­though in reading what may be Written concerning those Times, or in discoursing with any that shall have a mind to compose an History of them, I could give sufficient Light as to those Particulars that fall within the compass of my Knowledge, of which there might be some doubt.

Amongst other Employments at that time, it was my business to make Pri­vate Payments to several Persons as well French Men as Foreigners that served the late King in his Grand Design, which he was just about putting in Ex­ecution at that very instant when he was unfortunately snatcht a­way [Page 4] from France by that execrable and ever to be deplored Attempt. And because, as I imagined, he would not that any of his Ministers of State, not even the Sr. Beringuew the Elder, who was his Treasurer as to his more Pri­vate and Domestick Expences, should know all the particular Circumstances of this Design, His Majesty would of­ten in Playing, put the Gold that be­longed to the Game into his Pocket, and secretly convey it into my hands; sometimes also I was commanded to go and receive certain Sums of Money from Monsieur de Villeroy, who in giving them to me never failed to tell me, You may assure the King that I have not enquired how you are to dispose of this Cash: By which I judged that he knew nothing of my Employment.

During that time Monsieur de Lesdiguiers being come to Court, the late King Communicated his Designs to him, and told him that he intended to give him the Command of an Army, which being joyned with the Forces of the Duke of Savoy should make an Inroad into Italy, and that he was re­solved to appear in Person at the [Page 5] head of Another, that was prepared to Invade Flanders and Germany, where some Enterprizes were to be performed on certain considerable Places: More­over his Majesty was pleased to shew him the Platforms thereof, and re­quired all those that brought them, and were employed in these Affairs, to declare in his presence the means that they propounded as most ef­fectual to put them in Execution.

Monsieur de Lesdiguiers approved of these measures that his Majesty had taken, and declared that they might prove successful, and that a tryal ought to be made; but he was of Opinion, that the King should lead in Person his principal Forces into Spain, the Conquest whereof he judged to be more easie and profi­table than that which his Majesty un­dertook; and thus (said he) by wounding the Beast to the Heart, you may overthrow him, and having subdued him, you may be assured that all that depend on, or are pro­tected by him, will soon after fall un­der the Power of your Arms: Where­as on the contrary as long as the Spa­niards [Page 6] shall remain in praise at home, they will be always able to raise Ob­stacles and great Obstructions against all the Enterprizes that you may else­where attempt on the Estates that are under their Dominion, or those whom they shall think fit to defend. He added further, that with an Army of thirty Thousand Men well disci­plined and maintained compleat, he might perform this Conquest, that there would be no Sieges of Places to stop his Progress, and that there could be but three Battles fought at most, in which his Majesty (according to all appearance) would obtain the Victory, since his Souldiers that were Old and well Exercised in Martial Discipline, would encounter with those that were raw and that had very little Expe­rience in Arms, and whose Hands were weakened, and their Courage rendred effeminate with Peace, which they had so long enjoyed in Spain.

The greatest difficulty that seemed to oppose this Advice, and which hath been always objected, whenso­ever a Proposal was made to carry any Forces into Spain, consisted in the [Page 7] want of Victuals and other things ne­cessary, proceeding from the Barren­ness of most part of the Countries through which they must pass: But Monsieur de Lesdiguiers made his Majesty sensible that this defect might be supplied, by causing the Army to be attended with a sufficient number of Vessels or Carriages laden with all sorts of Provisions requisite for Men and Horses, and there were certain Persons that would engage to furnish them therewith whithersoever they should march by Sea or Land, pro­vided that the Road might be kept open and free, which ought also to be done for their own Security.

The late Duke of Savoy was one of the chief Incendiaries of this War, he pretended that the Estates that be­longed to the Spaniards in Italy might be subdued with a great deal of ease; and for his part he made thesedemands, that he should have the Possession of Bresse, which he called the Little Mea­dow; that he should not be molested in making himself Master of Geneva; that he should be assisted in Conquer­ing the Franche County; and that [Page 8] the Marriage should be concluded, which was afterwards solemnized: The King agreed to this last Proposi­tion, but to none of the others, since he did not intend to give him so much as one Foot of Ground on this side the Mountains. On the contrary his Majesty desired to have Savoy, and to extend the Dominions of this Duke further in Italy, by causing him to be Proclaimed King of Lombardy, and by this means to satisfie his Ambition that aspired to the Royal Dignity. There were Articles drawn up be­tween them to this Effect, which might be retrieved, and thereby the particulars of this Treaty might more fully appear.

In the midst of so many great De­signs that caused all Europe to be A­stonished, and in the most flourishing Prosperity of the Affairs of this Great Monarch, the Rochellers had the bold­ness to undertake an Attempt on the City of Brovage, and put themselves in a condition to Execute it: their Project was to cause two Ships full of Armed Men, to get into the Harbour of the said City at break of Day, [Page 9] who under colour of Merchants that had Goods to Unload, were to seize on the little Door of the Port, which for the conveniency of Traffic was u­sually opened early in the Morning, some hours before the great Gates: from thence they intended to rush in­to the City, to make themselves Ma­sters thereof, and to put to the Sword all they met, the Rochellers having promised speedily to send them a Supply of Souldiers, that might be sufficient to assist them to obtain the entire Possession of the Place, and to maintain it. According to this A­greement the two Ships being Arrived at the Port at the hour prefixt, found themselves disappointed, for the Gate was not unlocked all that Morning, by reason that the Governour of the Place had the Night before, received an Account by a Courier of the exe­crable Murther Committed on the Person of the late King: Insomuch that these Undertakers having waited till Eight of the Clock, and fearing lest they should be discovered, were forced to retire, and not long after, were informed of the cause that the [Page 10] Gates were not opened. An Ingenious States-man of Rochel, who acted in this Design, and was on Board one of the two Vessels, being some Years af­ter, through my perswasion, con­verted to the Catholic Religion, re­vealed this Plot to me, and besides gave other very good Advice, that hath since proved advantageous to the Service of the King now happily Reigning: He also proposed a way to surprize Rochel, which might have succeeded, if it had been well mana­ged, as shall be shewn in its due place, but the glory of Conquering this Proud and in appearance Invincible City was reserved for his Majesty and the Prudent and Generous Con­duct of his Principal Minister of State, who in personal Abilities and Success, hath far surpassed all those that ever had any share in the Administration of the Affairs of this Kingdom.

In the Year, 1615. A little after the departure of the King in his Jour­ney to Guienne, one Mrs. Holeman an Ancient Widow came to en­quire for me at my House, to desire me to go and discourse with a cer­tain [Page 11] Nun, who had some Matters of Consequence to impart to me; where­upon offering to go along with her immediately, she brought me to this Religious Person, who told me pri­vately that although I did not know her, and she was not conversant in the Affairs of the World, nevertheless knowing that I could discreetly ma­nage one of such importance as this that now happen'd, she committed it to my Care, assuring me that one na­med Goillier, commonly called Mou­torier, who pretended to be a Physician, and whom she described to me to be a perfect Atheist, given up to all man­ner of Vices and Debauchery, of a Ruddy Complexion, Red Hair, of a tall Stature, and of a robust and strong Body, aged about Fifty Years, in a mean Habit, wearing amongst o­ther Cloaths, an old black Serge Cloak dawbed with abundance of Laces, had a Design upon the Life of Monsieur the King's Brother: and that if I did not soon find out some means to prevent this wicked Attempt, it were to be feared lest this vile Wretch should give the fatal blow; [Page 12] however, she charged me to proceed with this Caution, that no mention should be made of her; otherwise she would deny that she ever told me any thing, and I would be the cause of many Mis-fortunes that might ensue. This was sufficient to puzzle and di­sturb a more acute and discerning Brain than mine; insomuch that I remained very much perplexed and confused with the thoughts of this Matter and in enquiring into the means how to acquit my self well therein without trouble. I considered that to hinder so pernicious a Design from taking Effect, it was necessary to dis­cover it to the Council that was left at Paris, that in so doing enquiry would be made into the grounds of the Report, that I should be there­upon urged to give an account whence it came, that in declaring it I should act directly contrary to the prohibi­tion, and should run the risque of be­ing left destitute and discredited as the Party had protested to me, that in concealing her Name, I might be e­steemed as a Calumniator, or a Person void of Understanding, and that on [Page 13] the other side if I should be altogether silent, the horrid Fact might be Com­mitted, and I might be one day ac­cused for neglecting an opportunity of diverting so lamentable a Disaster, and might also thereby incur a very great Danger. Amidst these and a many other such like Considerations too tedious here to rehearse, I thought it convenient to feign, that about Nine of the Clock at Night, when I was gone home, as I was standing on the Threshold of my Door, and talking with some Neighbours, I was accosted by an unknown Person who spake thus, I have sought for you several Hours upon an extraordinary occasion, and then related the same Particulars, whereof the Religious Woman had informed me: which I caused to re­peat often, that I might remember, and afterwards Write them down, he added that he could not discover himself for certain Reasons, but how­ever if I neglected to take care of this Matter, he would accuse me here­after before the King.

[Page 14] The next day early in the Morning I went to seek Mr. Arnaud Intendant of the Treasury, who was one of those that were left for the Council at Paris, to whom I represented the passages of this counterfeit rencounter, and pro­pounded them to him as true: We re­solved together, to Cause the Council to be forthwith assembled, to deliberate on the report that I had made: Who all agreed to lay a charge on me in the first place, secretly to give notice to the Principle Attendants about the Prince, to take an extraordinary care of his Person, and Secondly to cause the Man that had been described to me, to be apprehended if I could find him there, to this end three Officers were deputed to assist me: His High­ness then lodged in the Hostel de Mont­morency, and had for his Guard one of the Companies of his Majesties Re­giment of Guards, under the Com­mand of Monsieur de Mauson: He was the first that I met, whom I acquain­ted with the Orders I had received, and as I was giving him a Description of the Person, he suddenly told me, It is above eight days ago since this Ras­cal [Page 15] would have intruded himself into my Company, which I would never permit, because he had a very bad Physiognomy, and this Morning I saw the Cooks drive him out of the Kitchen with sticks. We went thither immediately to hear what news we could; the Cooks infor­med us that some days were passed since this base Fellow came into the Kitchen, and drawing near to the fire, said that the extream necessity to which he was reduced, constrained him to beg somewhat of them to eat.

All that day and the next I remai­ned in the Prince's Apartments, and not having seen the Man, I repaired to the Nun, to whom I gave an ac­count of my Proceedings, complaining that not being able to find the Person whom she had represented to me, it would be thought that I had imposed on the Council; she answered that I was not diligent enough in searching af­ter him, and that the first time that I went into the Hostel de Montmorency with the Souldiers he perceived us, and suspecting lest we should have an intent to seize him, as we enter'd at one door, went out at another, and was gone to [Page 16] hide himself in the Arsenal, where a Woman that Lodged in a little House that was above the Dancing Hall, had conveyed him into a Garret.

Upon this advice, a Nephew of the Captain of the Guard, who was his Lieutenant and (as I think) named Adomville, a Person of great Courage and Resolution, was ordered to attend, and to go with a certain Number of Souldiers at Ten of the Clock at Night to seize this Man in the Arsenal: He came and knocked at the Womans Door, who refused to open it, tho' she was commanded in the Kings name, insomuch that they broke it, and being come up into the Chamber wherein they were told that this miscre­ant lay, they found him under a great consternation, holding his Breeches in his hand, with one Leg therein, not being able to put in the other, he was so much affrighted, and moreover without saying so much as one word to him, he cryed out, I never had any design upon the Life of the King, nor upon that of the Prince. The Lieu­tenant of the Guard Advancing, said, why do you tell us this? We do not only [Page 17] think of you, we do not search for you. And in taking his Breeches to help him to put them on, he laid his hand on a great Knife in the form of a Baggonet, the edge whereof was exceeding sharp, being pointed like the Tongue of a Serpent and could cut on both sides, this was hid within the folds of his Bree­ches that were very large and stuffed with Hair, as the Fashion was to wear them sometime before; another Knife of the same sort was also found on the other side, and being demanded what he intended to do with them, he repeated the abovesaid words, that it was not his intention to kill the King nor the Prince. They searched his Poc­kets, out of which was taken a Bottle filled with a certain composition that was made of the most subtile and pene­trating sort of Poison, which the said Lieutenant immediately perceived, and told him saying, you cannot have all these tools but for some ill purpose. No (replyed he) I would entreat you to be­lieve that I never had a Design to Poyson the King nor the Prince, but being by Profession a Physician, I make use of these Druggs, to prepare good Medicines; [Page 18] and as for the Knives that you found, I always carry them about me, because being poor and indigent I am forced to Begg in the Convents, where I receive Charity, and have occasion to cut the Bread and Victuals that are given to me. He was carried to the Bastile, where the Bottle was exposed to view; which certainly contained a rank and subtil Poyson, and was made so that it might be easily taken out. The Council gave notice to his Majesty of what had pas­sed, and desired to know his Com­mands thereupon: In the mean time this Wretch laid violent hands upon himself in the Bastile, as I have been since informed. The second time that I saw the Nun, she advised me also to declare that the Garison of Soissons had undertaken an enterprize, on a certain Night to seize on the Treasurers that lodged in the quarter of the Celestins at Paris, with their Goods and every thing of value that they had in their Houses: The Plot was thus laid, a sufficient number of Men unknown without any Arms, but their Swords, were to be intro­duced into the City, and in the Even­ing [Page 19] appointed for the Execution, a Boat privately Laden with Arms, was to be brought on the River to the Port St. Paul, which about midnight were to be taken by the said Persons, who having accomplished their design, were to retire through the Mell with their Prisoners and Booty, and to repair to the other side of the Bulwark, where Horses were prepared ready for them, to carry all to Soissons, under the Guard of a Detachment of Troopers order'd to attend for that purpose. Monsieur de Liancourt Governor of Paris, who received an intimation of this project, discovered the truth thereof, and pre­vented it from taking effect: I shall leave it to the judgment of those that are more capable than I am, to de­termine where this Religious Woman had these two pieces of Intelligence, since I never had the Curiosity nor Ability to penetrate into this mat­ter.

A little after the time that the Prince was Arrested, and divers of the Princes and Nobility had withdrawn them­selves to Soissons, with an intent to make War; a certain Person whose [Page 20] name could not be known, left at the House of a Gentleman, who had the Honour sometimes to attend the King, and in whom his Majesty was pleased to confide, a Pacquet containing three Letters, one for the Queen Mother, the other for the Princes at Soissons, and the third for this Private Gentle­man; they were all three open, writ­ten in a fair French Character, with­out Date or Superscription, and in a good Stile, though some words had a little relish of the Cloister, the two Principal contained several weighty Reasons inforced with passages of the Holy Scriptures, and with Examples taken out of profane History; the Pac­quet was fastned with Spanish Wax, without the Impression of any Seal; The Letter directed to the Gentleman, charged him with a commination of great Penalties in case he neglected it, to cause that for the Princes to be sent to them by what means he thought convenient, and to deliver the other to the Queen Mother with his own hands, entreating her to read it in pri­vate, and deliberately to consider the Contents without communicating it to [Page 21] any, especially to the Party that was more particularly concerned therein, and after she had perused it, that she would be pleased to restore it to the Bearer.

The Letter written to the Princes, contained several very sound and co­gent Arguments, to convince them that their Arms were unjust, that they would give an opportunity to Foreigners, that were Enemies to the K [...]gdom to endeavour to destroy it, and would furnish the Protestants with a pretence vigorously to Prose­cute their Designs, to the great da­mage of the Catholic Religion, and of the State; but if these considerati­ons and those of their own safety could not prevail with them, to return to their duty; they would certainly perish in their Attempts, because God had taken a particular Care of the King, and promised to Crown the innocency and candour of his disposition with good success.

As for the Letter directed to the Queen Mother, it represented to her the many Favours she had received from the Divine Goodness, the little [Page 22] Care she took to demean herself accor­ding to the intent of them, and the neglect and aversness she shewed to see much good Council that hath been of­fered to her, to follow the pernicious Advice of certain Parasites, that had no other end but to advance their own Private Interests and Fortunes, to the ruin of the State, and even of her Roy­al Person, whom they betrayed: The Particulars were not specified, but it was apparent that the Marshal D'Ancre and his Wife were principally aimed at in these Reflections, several miscarriages in the Government of Public Affairs were also enumerated, and the disorders that had already hap­pened, as also those that might be ex­pected, unless they were speedily pre­vented.

If my Memory fails me not, these were the Remedies propounded in this Letter, in the first place the Queen was exhorted to augment her Devotions in Divine Service, and to the Practice of good Works, to cause Prayers to be frequently made, especially at Paris, to give order that young Children of Twelve Years old and under should [Page 23] be exercised therein, and that a Solemn Procession should be made, and to take care that the Holy Sacrament be better Administred, than it hath been in the most part of the Towns and Villages of this Kingdom, and that by this means God would divert the evils with which she was threatned in parti­cular, otherwise she would suddenly feel the effects of his displeasure; it was moreover alledged that in obser­ving the abovementioned directions, chiefly those relating to the Holy Sa­crament, she would soon see the mar­vellous Fruits thereof throughout all France.

Secondly, The Tenour of this Let­ter was to perswade the Queen without any farther delay, to permit the King to Act in the Administration of the Government, for this was a thing that he expected, though he did not seem to desire it; but it she refused to do it, this alone would be sufficient to involve her in extream troubles and Calami­ties, and to overturn the Kingdom which was already embroiled with commotions in all Paris apparently under pretence that the King was [...]ept [Page 24] from the knowledge of the Affairs of the State.

The third Remedy proposed, was to send back into their own Country the two occasions of scandal, who were the cause of the general discontent, and served as a colour to the Insurrection of the Nobility and People; that there were good reasons to perswade them to retire, viz. That for the future they might not only be permitted to enjoy the great Possessions that they had ac­quired, but might also have more given them, that the King would wil­lingly grant this, and that thus these two Persons might happily make use of their good Fortune, whereas on the contrary, if the Queen should obstinate­ly persist in upholding them, she would 'ere long with regret see them misera­bly perishing in her presence, and fal­ling into a condition that she hath not yet foreseen, would prove an example of the vengeance of Almighty God, who hath threatned that the Child shall rise up against the Mother, and the Mother against the Child, to the great detriment of the Nation, and to the manifest Peril of Religion through­out [Page 25] all Europe, I remember that at the end of the Letter there was this Passage, that in case the Queen took up a resolution to follow these wholsom Admonitions and Councels, the Per­son that gave them, would apply him­self more particularly to her Majesty, and would lay down such methods for the easy performance thereof, that the Success of these Affairs should far sur­pass the expectation of the most judi­cious and clear-cited Politicians.

As soon as the Pacquet was deli­vered to the Gentleman to whom it was directed, he brought it to the King, who commanded him to read it in his presence, being assisted only with Monsieur de Luines: his Majesty thought fit that the Letter for the Princess should be detained, and that the other for the Queen Mother, should be carried to her, without de­claring that he had had any Informa­tion thereof. The Bearer acquainted her Majesty that he had a Paper of great Importance to shew her and that it was desired to be kept Secret, where­upon she ordered him to attend her with it at Supper-time, when she would [Page 26] retire alone into her little Closet, there she caused it to be read, and as they were almost at the end, the King come to visit the Queen, she took that op­portunity to keep the Letter, saying that she would finish the perusal thereof, and take it into consideration at Night as she went to Bed, and would restore it the next Morning. It hath been since reported, that it was given into the hands of her Confessor, and afterwards into those of Madam d'Ancre where it remained.

Some time had passed since the King declared his Opinion to those Coun­cellors in whom he could chiefly con­fide, and signified how much he was displeased at the form of Government then used, especially at the little re­gard that was had to his Person, and because they would not suffer him to interpose in any part of the Important Transactions of his Kingdom that had revolted in several Places. And divers Methods were already proposed to provide a Remedy against these Disorders, but because it was most certain that his Majesty inclined to try the most gentle means rather than to [Page 27] proceed to Extremities, the Bearer of the Letter received a great charge to entreat the Queen-Mother (as he did as much as possibly he could) to weigh the Reasons therein contained, to en­deavour to induce her to embrace the wholsom Advice that was offered to her, for the King was perswaded, that if she could but once resolve to remove the Marshal d'Ancre and his Wife, she would readily heark­en to such Proposals as should be judged most convenient for the Re­gulation of the Affairs of the State.

Although the Letter produced not the desired Effect with Respect to the Queen-Mother, yet it wrought other­wise with the King, for it exasperated his Spirit, and animated him to con­sider more than he had done former­ly; how to find out proper Expedi­ents as well to stop the course of those Commotions that were already raised, and threatned to overwhelm the Na­tion, as to take the Reins of the Go­vernment of his Kingdom in his own Hands, and to Establish good Rules for the Administration of Public Af­fairs, [Page 28] that were hitherto manag'd al­together by the Passions and particular Interests of the Marshal d'Ancre; who though he came not into repute, but through the means of the great In­fluence his Wife had obtained over the Queen-Mother; nevertheless would not permit her Majesty any longer to have a share in the Government, nay presumed so far as to give orders and to dispose of several things with­out giving an account or so much as speaking to her thereof.

Several Conferences were privately holden in the Kings presence on this subject by Persons who were so much the less to be suspected, because they were then in little or no Esteem: It may be affirmed as a truth that his Majesty in all these Consultations ex­pressed an ardent desire to take upon himself the Government of his King­dom, and seemed to be highly offend­ed that they continued to keep him at a distance, and strove to render him more and more contemptible, insomuch that he incessantly urged his particular Friends (to take such Measures as they should think most proper, to satisfie his [Page 29] desire, and speedily to put them in Execution: several Methods were thereupon proposed, of all which none judged with so much Prudence, so discreetly managed the Secret, nor proceeded with so much constancy and resolution in bringing the Matter to perfection, as his Majesty.

The first way that was tryed accord­ing to his Advice was taken from the means that had been exhibited to the Queen-Mother in the above mention­ed Letter, viz. to cause the Marshal d'Ancre and his Wife to retire into Italy, upon Condition that they should not only enjoy all the Goods that they had acquired in France, but should also receive more from his Majesty: The Bishop of Carcassone who was then at Court with other Deputies of Lan­guedoc, was under colour employed here­in, and without knowing the Kings De­sign, was perswaded to take an oppor­tunity to discourse the Queen in Pri­vate, and in acquainting her with the Circumstances of his Negotiation, to lay down such Reasons as might pre­vail with her to consent to this retreat, and to represent the apparent Inconve­niences [Page 30] that would otherwise ensue: He discharged this trust very prudent­ly, having urged such cogent and pa­thetical Arguments to the Queen, which she afterwards repeated to Ma­dam d'Ancre, that both seemed to be inclined to yield thereto: and from that time the latter began to convey part of her Goods to Florence, and to cause almost all her Moveables to be packed up, in order to be sent after them the same way: But as for the Marshal, the King was informed, that he thought himself arrived to that height of Power, that none durst at­tempt any thing against him, and that with the Assistance of Spain which he had sollicited, he might be in a Capacity to usurp part of the Kingdom; therefore he arrogantly re­jected this wholsom Proposition; and it was then reported that he used such scornful Expressions to his Wife and some of his Confederates, that have since quitted his Interests, as if he intended to shew to what degree of Grandeur Fortune alone was able to exalt a Man.

[Page 31] Before it was thought fit to proceed to extremities and violent ways to ef­fect the Change that was desired by the King, and which the most part of his Subjects waited for with great im­patience, a debate arose, whether his Majesty should openly declare to the Queen his Mother, that he intended to take care of the Government of his Kingdom himself, and for the future to cause all Affairs of the State to be transacted according to his Directions and good Councels, and should im­mediately Command the Marshal d'Ancre and his Wife to depart into their own Country: But for as much as all the Royal Power was then in their Hands and only the Name of a King remained to his Majesty, and in regard that by reason of the inor­dinate Ambition of the Marshal and his Wife, his Majesty and the State would be exposed to great danger in taking this course, it was resolved to find out some o­ther means that might be more safe.

[Page 32] Divers Expedients being afterwards propounded, at last it was agreed to examine which of these two ought to be chosen, either that the King should give orders to some of his faithful Friends to kill the Marshal, and to confiscate the Goods of his Wife, or to send her to Florence, or otherwise to impeach them in Parliament: the King and most of them that had the Honour to be of his Council in this occasion, did not approve of the first Method, but concluded to make use of the latter, and so much the rather, because that besides that it was without Violence and according to the ordinary Rules of Justice, his Majesty was as­sured that in the Papers of the Mar­shal and his Wife, amongst other things, sufficient Evidence would be found to prove the secret Correspondence that they had maintain'd with Foreigners to the Damage of the State: Where­upon the King resolved to cause the said Marshal d'Ancre to be Arrested, and immediately to be committed with his Wife into the Custody of the Par­liament in order to their Tryal; and his Majesty intended at the same time [Page 33] to entreat the Queen his Mother to vouchsafe to permit him to take the Go­vernment of his Kingdom upon him­self, and to endeavour to rescue it from that eminent Danger wherein it was fal­len through the pernicious Councils of the Marshal and his Wife, and by the means of the outragious and insatiable Ambition. And to the end that the King might be firmly established in the Exercise of his Royal Power, and that on this account the Male contents which were very numerous, might be all reduced to their Obedience, it was ordered that the Queen should also be desired to make choice of one of her own, or of the Kings Houses, at a little distance from Paris to reside therein for some Months, during which time the King might be settled in the absolute Possession of his Kingdom, and afterwards would send for her to take the second Place in his Council, in which it was determined to recal the Ancient Ministers of the late King his Father that had been laid aside, and to expel the greatest part of those that were thought to be introduced by the Marshal d'Ancre and his Wife: [Page 34] it was also concluded that Monsieur de Vitry, Captain of his Majesties Life-Guards should be employed to Arrest the Marshal d'Ancre: but that no notice should be given him thereof till a few days before the Execution, how­ever Monsieur de Luines failed not to discover the Design to him. It is most certain, and I know his Majesty cannot but remember, that my Lord Cardinal and Duke of Richelieu then Bishop of Lusson and Secretary of State for Military and Foreign Af­fairs, discharged that Office with so much Judgment and Integrity, and gave such signal Proofs of his Affecti­on and Fidelity to his Majesties Ser­vice and the public Good of the King­dom, that he received great Satisfacti­on, and was fully perswaded that in keeping him near his Person, he might reap extraordinary Advantages from his good Conduct, insomuch that he resolved to retain him and to dismiss the other Ministers that were employ­ed with him.

This Councel being taken was not so soon put in Execution as well because the time was not proper for such an [Page 35] undertaking, as by Reason of the fear with which some of the principal Agents were possessed, lest the event should not happen according to their expectation, this caused them often to doubt and to alter their measures, in­somuch that without giving any no­tice to the King, nor to those Persons that remained constant with his Majesty in the Resolution that had been taken, they agreed to attend him about Mid­night, and to perswade him that for the Security of his Person it was ne­cessary for him to depart that very hour and to get into Soissons, which was then besieged by his Army com­manded by the Duke of Angoulesme, that he should there declare his Intenti­ons and should publicly act as a King. To this end on the 14th. day of March, 1617. about Six of the Clock in the Evening Monsieur de Luines commanded the Officers of the great and little Stables in the Kings Name to make ready all the Horses against Mid-night, and took so little care to conceal the cause of this Order that the chief Groom of the great Horse-Guard knew the Particulars, who soon [Page] revealed them to one of his Friends, that had been (as I think) a Lieutenant at the Siege of Clermont and at that time lived with Monsieur Mangot Keeper of the Seals, whom he also acquainted with what had been de­clared to him.

I accidentally, and, as I believe, very opportunely met with him when he received this News which he imparted to me, and desired to know my O­pinion, for upon consideration of what might happen he seemed to be much perplexed, whether he should disclose the Matter to the Queen-Mother or not, I agreed with him that it was convenient to be silent, and promised immediately to endeavour to discover the truth, and if possible to frustrate the Design, in case I could find that it was really intended. However Mon­sieur de Luines denied that there was any such thing in agitation, but being urged, confessed it, and would have perswaded me to approve it, and instant­ly to go with him to cause the King to resolve upon it; But there were so ma­ny and weighty Reasons such alledged against this ill-digested Proposition that [Page] it was laid aside, whereupon having given M. Mangot an account, we per­sisted in our first determination not to mention it to any. After the Kings inclinations were sought in relation to this project, I know not whether it would have been attempted if he had consented to it, but I was informed that his Majesty soon rejected it, de­claring that he would not depart from the resolution that had been taken in his Presence.

Although secrecy is the very life of great enterprizes, and ought to have been carefully observed in this, by rea­son of the inevitable dangers that the Persons engaged, as also the whole Kingdom, would be exposed to, if it should be discovered; nevertheless many that conversed with M. de Luines, some of whom had advised him to this design, were informed by him what measures and resolutions were taken: On the other side M. de Vitry having declared to his neighbours and inti­mate acquaintance, and they again to others, it was so far divulged, that it became the common discourse through­out all Paris, as a thing that was rea­dy [Page 38] to be put in execution. One Tre­vail, whom we shall have occasion to mention hereafter, was one of those to whom M. de Luines had revealed it, and he communicated it to the Chan­cellor de Sillery whose Pensioner he was, and who furnished him with no­tions and opinions to be imparted to M. de Luines, but so dextrously, that if the matter came to light, he could not be convicted of having any hand therein; M. de Villeroy and President Jeanin acted the same Part, with the intelligence that they in like manner had received from others that weretheir particular Friends, and indeed all three were continually upon the Watch, to get some advantage by this revolution in case it happened accor­ding to their expectation.

However it is certain that none of their expedients were Practised, because they spake obscurely, and as it were through a Pipe, and the design was made so public, that it came to the Ears of the Queen Mother, and to those of the Marshal and his Wife, and of some other Ministers of State, but they did not seem much to regard it, as well [Page 39] because they did not imagin that they that attended the King, were potent enough to undertake such an enter­prize, as by reason of the orders that his Majesty had given on this occasion, for he had subtily introduced into the Presence of the Queen his Mother two Familiar Friends of M. de Luines, who igning to give her an account of all that was transacted by him, told her that divers Persons had made Propo­sitions to him, to drive out the Mar­shal and his Wife together with the new Ministers of State, to recal the old Counsellors, and to cause the King to take upon him the Administration of the Government; but that M. de Luines through their Advice, had rejected all these vain projections, which he durst not venture to attempt, besides that he desir'd to Advance his Fortune in a fair way under the Protection of the Queen, that had already confer­red many Favours upon him on seve­ral occasions.

As for the King, I am certain that none can truly boast that they recei­ved the least intimation from him, by which it might be inferred that he had [Page 40] any thoughts tending to such a design, or that he had so earnest a desire to Act as a real King: on the contrary having taken a resolution ever since the first conference, that was managed on this Subject in his Presence, to conceal his intentions, he affected to be employed in Exercise and Diver­tisements, not agreeable to his Dignity and Disposition, demeaning himself af­ter so close and subtil a manner, that none could discern his dissimulation; only the Sieur Bellier an ingenious and valiant Gentleman of Dauphine, who [...]as lately come out of his own Coun­try, having observed his Majesty, ad­vised one of his Friends that had some interest in the Fortune of the Marshal, to take care of himself, for the King under the colour of mean Actions, with which he passed away the time, did undoubtedly cover some design of a change, and being thus perswaded, in regard that he was not in Favour with the Marshal, he thought fit constantly to wait on his Majesty, to serve him as an opportunity should be offered, and indeed without having any knowledge [...]f the Affairs in Agitation, he was [Page 41] with him when the Marshal was killed, as shall be shewed hereafter.

The Marshal d'Ancre had taken a journey into Normandy, intending to reside there for some time. As well to cause the Fortifications of Quilleboeus to be finished, which he had underta­ken for several considerations well known, as to dispatch certain Affairs that he had at Roven, and to take necessary measures for the securing of of that City and some other Places, that he thought to be advantageous to his design; but his Majesty of whom he had taken leave for a long time seeing him come back so sudden­ly, and at unawares without being sent for, and without any apparent reason of so precipitate a return, was easily perswaded to believe, that he came up­on the Advice of his Wife or of some of his confederates, because certain Per­sons since his departure had taken up­on them to inform the Queen, that the King intended to act himself, and to cause the Marshal and his Wife to be removed, as being the principal cause of the present Commotions, that were ready to invade all the Parts of the Kingdom.

[Page 42] The King having embraced this opinion, judged that if he did not take care to prevent his further Pro­gress, he might attempt to deprive him of the means that he had proposed to stop the course of his irregular and vio­lent Proceedings, to take the Govern­ment of the Kingdom into his own hands, and to put an end to the dis­orders that were caused therein by his exorbitant ambition: therefore his Majesty urged his faithful Friends to prepare all things that were requisite for the immediate executing of the re­solution that had been formerly ta­ken.

They were but few in number that were privy to this design, though after it was accomplished, many gained ad­vantages thereby, the Sieur de Moden­nes, a Kinsman of M. de Luines, who was then at Court knew nothing of it, till a few hours before it was put in execution: however some yet doubted and urged the former Advice that the King ought to go to Soissons, but the same reasons that had been already opposed, caused it to be again exploded, insomuch that it was concluded to pro­ceed without further delay.

[Page 43] From Sunday at Night, to Monday the 24th of April 1617. M. de Luines, M. de Vitry and some other that were employed in this Affair, took care to give notice to their most intimate Friends that were Men of courage, and well affected to his Majesties Person, to come into the Court of the Louvre between the hours of eight and nine in the Morning, on occasion of a pre­tended quarrel; but the real intent was to make use of them in case of any uproar or tumult, because the Mar­shal d'Ancre was always accompanied with a very strong Guard; and that these Persons appearing in the Court, might not afford any cause of suspition to the Marshal, the Commissioners of the Registry—were appointed to be Assembled in the Council-Chamber on Monday Morning to the end, that the great Train of Attendants that are usually gathered together at such a time, might serve to conceal the others that were ordered to be present. The King gave it out that he had taken a Purge, that the Great Gate of the Louvre might be kept shut, and the little door only opened, that by this [Page 44] means the whole retinue of the Marshal d'Ancre, might be prevented from following him: the Sentinels were assisted with certain resolute and valiant Persons, who upon a Word given, were to seize on a dozen of Halbards, that were under some pre­tence brought into a little Chamber near the Gate, and were to be com­manded by a Gentleman that was privy to the design: Commeillan Lieu­tenant of the Gate was charged to at­tend there, and to open the Great Gate when the Marshal came, but as soon as he was passed to shut it, saying that he would open the lesser, which never­theless he should keep lockt, till he had received Orders to open it.

About Ten of the Clock, the Mar­shal came, whose Train reached from the Gate of his own House to that of the Louvre, which was opened after the manner above related, and over which a Man stood, who, as soon as the Marshal had enter'd, made three Flourishes with his Hat, at this Signal, which was agreed upon, Commeillan shut the Gate, and at the same time M. de Vitry who was on the Stairs of [Page 45] the Switiers Hall, came down accom­panied with some of his Kinsmen and other Gentlemen and Officers of his Majesties Life-Guard, to seize on the Person of the Marshal d'Ancre, when he had met him at the Pont Dormant, he said, I Arrest you in the Kings Name: Who me? replied the Marshal: whereupon in that very moment, one of his retinue having laid his hand on his Sword, was the cause that three Pistols were discharged: with which the Mar­shal d'Ancre was shot dead, and fell to the Ground: immediately there arose a great noise in the Louvre, and the most part of the Gentlemen that were in the Court, not knowing the true cause of their being ordered to at­tend, and hearing the report of the Pistols, and the People crying kill▪ kill, drew their Swords, one amongst them being very much affrighted, we [...]t up to the Kings Chamber, who was ready dress'd, and told him that the Marshal d'Ancre was missed; and that he came thither with his Sword in his hand, thinking it necessary to provide for the safety of his Majesties Person; it is certain that without any conster­nation [Page 46] he demanded his Sword, and seeing the above-mentioned Sieur d'Belier near him, whom he knew to be a Gentleman of extraordinary judg­ment, experience and valour, spake to him saying, M. d'Belier, What course must be taken? This is necessary to be done (said he) since your Majesty appears with so much courage and resolution, go to them, and run them through the Bel­ly, that all Paris may see whether they dare resist you. Thereupon his Majesty with his Sword at his side came as far as the Great Hall, and having instant­ly shewn himself at the Windows; there arose a great Acclamation, the multitude crying, God save the King, with which the whole Louvre resoun­ded. The occurrences that happened afterwards being sufficiently known, and printed in several places, it would be needless to insist on those particulars, I shall only add, that the King had no Guards left except one Company of the Sieur Fouville, part of which was then upon duty and being chosen by the Marshal d'Ancre, it was feared least they should depend on his in­terests, which was the reason that his [Page 47] Majesty did not think fit, to employ them in this conjuncture, nevertheless he was afterwards informed that they had no correspondence with him. Certain Collonels and Captains of the Quarters of the City, even those that were near the Louvre, were engaged and promised to cause the Souldiers under their command to take up Arms in his Majesties Service, in case there should be occasion, they were disposed there, under colour, that for default of a Regiment of Guards, the King desired to be guarded by the Parisians, upon an information that he received, that some enterprize was intended to be executed in the Louvre: Orders were also given to Seal up every thing in the Marshals House, and to set Guards for that purpose: but some being more diligent in managing their own Pri­vate Affairs, than in discharging the trust committed to them, and being enticed by one of his Foot-men, with the Bait of a few pieces of Gold, were so eager after the Money; that the sellow took an opportunity to escape in the Night with the Trunk, wherein his Masters Private Papers and Writings [Page 48] were contained, and amongst the rest those that related to his Secret Corres­pondence with Foreigners.

Although the King had conceived no bad opinion of the other Ministers of State, and he had been assured that they were not the least concerned in the sinister designs of the Marshal d'Ancre, nevertheless to gain more reputa­tion to the new Scene of Affairs, which his Majesty was about to introduce, he thought fit to recal the Ancient Counsellors, that had served under the Late King his Father, whom the Marshal d'Ancre and his Wife had caused to be dismissed, viz M. d'Sillery the Chancellor, M. de Vair Keeper of the Seals, M. de Villeroy Secretary of State, and the President Jeanin, Super-Intendant of the Treasury. They were commanded to hold a Counsel the same day, where his Majesty was pleased to declare his Intentions, that my Lord Cardinal then Bishop of Lus­son, should continue in the exercise of his Office, in regard of the assurance he had of his affection, fidelity and ex­traordinary abilities, having ordered him to attend in the Counsel to that [Page 49] purpose: The old States-men fore­seeing that since his clear and pier­cing judgment far excelled theirs, they would be no longer esteemed as the Oracles of the State as they de­sired to be reputed, raised all the ob­structions [...] they could invent, and though the King remained firm on his behalf, nevertheless for certain consi­derations that his eminency can better reveal than any other, he declared that he would not promptorily insist on this point, but would choose ra­ther to serve in some other Capa­city.

The King considering that the Queen his Mother was discontented with what had passed, and even with the desire that he had signified to her, that she would vouchsafe to permit him during some months, to manage his Affairs alone, and that to appease her Passion, to give her such Advice as was necessary for the good of the Kingdom, and to maintain a good cor­respondence between their Majesties, none was so proper and capable as his Eminencv, desired him to reside near her, which he accented, but upon con­dition, [Page 50] that it should not be expected from him to espy out her actions, not to divulge those Passages that might happen, in conversing with her; for his Eminency avouched, That if he found that his good Counsel was not embraced, and that any measures were taken, with which his Majesty should have just cause to be displeased, he would soon withdraw himself into his Bishop-rick; these last words spo­ken with a good intent, served never­theless as a pretence for those that en­vied his vertue, to procure him to be removed, as shall be observed in its due place.

From that time his Eminency was alone employed to manage the Af­fairs that passed between their Maje­sties, and digested the matter of the ex­pressions that were delivered by them, when the Queen Mother departed for Blois, which were written in a more elegant stile and more judiciously, than those that are produced in the French Mercury, perhaps if enquiry were made, they might be recovered, since there were several Copies of them taken.

[Page 51] Before the Queen went from Paris on her journey to Blois, one called Travail who hath been above menti­oned, made application to the Secre­tary of the Marquess de Bressieax, who was at that time Principal Master of the Horse to her Majesty, and endea­voured to prevail with him to per­swade his Master, to cause her to be Poysoned, Monsieur Deageant who sus­pected the intreagues of this Travail, having perceived that they had talked together a long while, enquired of the Secretary what was the Subject of their Discourse, who related it to him, and he immediately went and acquainted the King with it, who caused him to be sent to the Parliament, where he was tryed, and was confronted with Monsieur de Luines to whom he had imparted something of this design, as also with Monsieur de Bressieux and his Secretary, the latter was obliged to ap­pear because his Secretary had disco­vered the wicked intentions of Tra­vail.

[Page 52] A little after that time a Gentle­man named Gign [...]er, practised one of the most cunning and artificial cheats that can be imagined, with a design to advance his fortune thereby, being a Person of a most subtile and crafty disposition. An Uncle of his, was Lieutenant of a Company of Guards belonging to the Duke of Vendome, and had served him in the last Wars of the Princess, through his means this Gignier ingratiated himself with the Duke of Vendome, and the other Prin­ces and Lords that had withdrawn themselves from Court, and were pursued by the Kings Forces. After their reconciliation with his Majesty Gignier being introduced into the Presence of Monsieur de Luines, made a very formal and plausible relation to him, that he had obtained the favour of all these Princes and Lords, insomuch that they did not conceal their secrets from him, and that al­though his Majesty had laid so great an obligation on them, in receiving them so graciously, and restoring them all to their Offices; nevertheless they ceased not to have a watchful Eye, to [Page 53] find out an opportunity to accomplish their ambitious enterprizes by raising commotions in the Kingdom; but if Monsieur de Luines, to whose interests he promised entirely to devote him­self, would confide in him, and should think it convenient that in keeping a good correspondence with these Lords, he should discourse their actions and in [...]entions, in order to give him an ac­count thereof, he would acknowledge in process of time, that his service would prove not a little advantageous to his Majesty, as also to himself in particular: On the other side he af­fected to appear an intimate friend of Monsieur de Luines, and endeavoured to perswade these Princes and Lords to believe it, with a promise to serve them especially the Duke of Vendome, whom he saw oftner than the o­thers; by this artifice, he began to make a discovery of them to Monsieur de Luines and of him to them, but he enjoyned both the one and the others to dissemble what they knew, and to take no more notice of one another, than they formerly used to do, till the proper time that he should de­clare [Page 54] to them; afterwards esteeming that he had caused a strong suspicion and jealousie between them, and ha­ving prepared divers inventions to cover his wicked devices, he came one day pretending to be in a great fright, to find out Monsieur de Luines, and told him that he had one of the grea­test, most dangerous and most cruel designs to disclose to him that ever was contrived in France; but he de­manded two things, one was that he should not communicate what he had revealed to him, to any, not so much as to Monsieur Deageant, who was then employed in managing the principal transactions, and the other, that he should be assured that after he had given some light into this conspiracy, he should be established in the Govern­ment of Calais, or of some other Sea­port Town, for the security of his Person, and should be gratifyed with an hundred thousand Crowns, as a means whereby to Advance his Fa­mily; having obtained a grant of this recompence, he informed Monsieur de Luines, that a Plot was laid between the Cardinal of Guise, the Dukes [Page 55] of Cheureuse, Maine Vendome, Nevers, Longueville and Bouillon, in which they had engaged Monsieur de Coeuvres, President le Jay, and some other Lords and Gentlemen whom he na­med, that their first enterprize was to put to death Monsieur de Luines and Monsieur Deageant, to banish all the other Ministers of State, to seize on the King, to recal the Queen Mo­ther in his Majesties name, to get the Power into their own hands, and after­wards to take Possession of the Pro­vinces, which were to be divided a­mongst them, and that some had pro­ceeded so far, that if the King endea­vour'd to make any resistance, he should be destroy'd. He further assured Monsieur de Luines, that these Gentle­men or the greater part of them, were often privately assembled together sometimes in one place, and some­times in another, to confer about their design, and that he being admit­ted into their consult, knew all their resolutions, and would faithfully relate them to him. Thus he entertained him with such discourses for several days, pretending divers meetings, and [Page 56] at last to remove all doubts and scru­ples that might arise, he advised him to choose some friend in whom he could confide, to the end that he might introduce him at a time appointed without acquainting him with the cause, and might shew him these Lords or part of them, going privily in the night to their convention: But he himself was the sole manager that brought them together, sometimes under a pretence to converse with cer­tain Ladies, whom he caused to be there present, and sometimes inviting them to play at some game, and that it might seem more probable that there was such a design, he ordered the Affairs after such a manner, that these Assemblies were always holden in the night, and that those that ap­peared therein, came alone, and were perceived at a considerable distance from the House, into which they en­ter'd through several Doors. The Person whom Monsieur de Luines de­puted, assured him that he had seen them twice, according to the same circumstances as Gignier had rela­ted.

[Page 57] On a certain day he desired his Un­cle the Lieutenant of the Duke of Vendom's Company of Guards, to send him two of his Souldiers, whom he knew to be resolute sellows: he gave to each of them a Pisto ready charged, primed and cockt, and placed them at the bottom of the Stairs of the Louvre, requiring them to wait there, till he should bring them further Or­ders from the Officer, he told them also that he intended that they should go a Hunting along with him, having set them in this posture, he came as it were amaz [...]d to Monsieur de L [...]ines, and de­clared that he certainly knew that two Sentinel were appointed to kill him and Monsieur Deageant, if he were with him when he went to Dine in the great Hall near the Counsel Cham­ber, that at the same time, several Gentlemen were ordered to facilitate their retreat through the Court of the Kitchens, in the House of the Duke of Vendome, where there was a private passage; but you must be content (said he to Monsieur de Luines) if I only shew you these two Souldiers, with their Pistols in their hands ready to dis­charge, [Page 58] neither must you ask them any other question but this, whether they do not belong to the Duke of Vendome. He had moreover desired those that belonged to the retinue of the said Duke, who was then with the King in the Louvre, to attend at the bottom of the Stairs, which they also did, whereupon he shewed all these things to Monsieur de Luines ex­actly as he had described them, which he might very easily do, since he him­self had disposed them in this order. He perswaded him that it was not convenient as yet to Arrest these Soul­diers, that he could take them up when he pleased, and that if they were seized, the Gentlemen believing their de­signs to be divulged would hasten the execution of them, and would take such measures as might prevent theis being apprehended and entangled all at once as it were in one Net; as he had Advised. From that very hour he continually sollicited Monsieur de Luines, who having according to his promise kept the secret for some time, and indeed too long, at last revealed it to Monsieur Deageant, that he might [Page 59] find out some Means to frustrate these dangerous machinations without com­municating them to the other Mini­sters, because Gignier had represented them all as guilty, by reason of the particular affection that they bore to some of the Lords of the Conspiracy. Deageant told him, that the relation he had exhibited to him, carried an appearance of some ill design, but that he could scarce believe that it was in­tended to be undertaken; that it was to be feared least some deceit should lye hid at the bottom, that the Affair being of that consequence, it required a diligent security, and ought to be more throughly examined; in the mean time he concluded that they should stand on their Guard, with­out shewing the least sign of distrust or suspicion. He desired to hear Gignier himself, being of opinion that from his mouth, and by his contenance and demeanour, he might better judge of the truth of what he affirmed.

[Page 60] Gignier refus'd at several times to discover himself to Monsieur Deageant, but having consider'd that Monsieur de Luines had revealed the whole Mat­ter to him, and would not proceed without his Assistance, he agreed to see him privately in one of the Cham­bers of the Tuilleries, and desired to be excused on the account that he had entreated Monsieur de Luines, not to declare this Secret to him, because he did not think him to be his Friend, but upon the assurance that Monsieur de Luines had given him to the con­trary, he was resolved to open his Heart to him, and to conceal nothing relating to this Affair, in which he told him that his Life was concerned, since the Conspirators intended to be­gin their Enterprise with his Murther whom they esteemed the only Person that could prevent the Execution thereof; he assured him that one named Fiesque a Bastard of that Fami­ly, who was then Gentleman of the Horse to the Queen Regent, and was one of the familiar acquaintance of Monsieur de Luines, treacherously be­trayed him, though he had never so [Page 61] good an Opinion of his Fidelity, was appointed to commit this execrable Assassionate. It was true indeed that Monsieur Deageant, was informed some days ago that this Fiesque wait­ed for him in the Night, being well mounted on a good Horse with a pair of Pistols, to kill him as he was go­ing out of the Louvre, from whence he never departed till Mid night; it is certain also that he was seen twice in this posture, and that he had given it out publickly enough, that he was an Enemy to Deageant, without al­ledging any other Cause but that he was, as it were, the Gardiners dog that would not eat the Cabbidge, nor suffer others to touch it, adding that several Persons of divers Ranks and Conditi­ons, had bound themselves with an Oath to destroy him. Gignier having thus used various Exprestions and In­sinuations tending to obtain the good Opinion of Monsieur Deageant, re­lated to him all that he had discover­ed to Monsieur de Luines concerning this Enterprise and the Circumstances thereof. Insomuch that there seemed to be a great probability of his Asse­verations, [Page 62] which he concluded with Reasons to perswade him that all the Lords that he had named ought to be forthwith secured in the Bastile, a­mongst whom he reckoned M. de Guise, affirming that after much Sollicitation he at last entered into the Conspiracy. Deageant feigning entirely to give credit to all that he had said, left him in hopes that he would 'ere long procure the recompence for him that he ex­pected, and charged him to persevere in his care and diligence in this Af­fair; Nevertheless he remained firm in his first Opinion, that there was a greater appearance of a Cheat than of Truth in this Matter.

At another time Gignier came and gave Information that these Gentle­men began to suspect lest some one that was Privy to their Conspiracy should divulge it, and that they had ta­ken a resolution not to Write one to another any longer, but to confide on­ly in a few chosen Persons, by whom they would maintain a Correspondence for the future, without assembling to­gether any more as they had formerly done, fearing lest these, frequent meet­ings [Page 63] should cause them to be discove­red: Moreover he added that the principal Lords had caused Rings to be made for every one of them, on which were enchased Stones of a dark green Colour, and certain particular Characters Engraved, these were also to be given to such as had engaged themselves in their Design, as a Mark that they might be trusted: He a­vouched that some of them had these Rings on their Fingers, and on a cer­tain Morning he brought one of them, saying, that it belonged to the Duke of Vendome; that he had found it on his Toylet, and that he must restore it the next day before he rise, lest he should perceive that it had been taken away: The Figure of it was immediate­ly drawn, by which another was made after the same manner.

When he saw any of these Gentle­men assembled in the Louvre, he would soon intrude into their Company, pretending to impart some Secret to them, and afterwards would come to Monsieur de Luines and Monsieur Dea­geant to tell them that they had dis­coursed of their Conspiracy. He [Page 64] would often appear with a very sad Countenance, because so little care was taken to provide for the Safety of the King's Person and his Kingdom, and to preserve the Lives of Monsieur de Luines and Monsieur Deageant, and in regard (as he said) the danger was apparent, for he expected every hour when the Design was put in Execu­tion, since all things we [...]e already pre­pared in order to it, [...]e would some­times stamp with his Feer, and tear off the Hair of his Head, as it were in a Rage, because they had exposed him to such Perils, by neglecting to follow his advice.

It was not thought convenient to give the King any account of this Af­fair till necessity required it, lest it should cause him to be troubled or disturbed; he was only entreated to vouchsafe to chuse Six Gentlemen of good repute, three of whom should constantly wait on him whithersoever he should go, to hinder any unknown Person from accosting him; one of these Attendants was ordered to keep his Eyes continually fixt on his Ma­jesty, and the two others on those that came near him.

[Page 65] The Baptizing of one of the Duke of Vendome's Children, to whom the King had engaged himself to stand as God-Father, gave Gignier a fair op­portunity to set so good a Colour on his Cheat, that he thought it would pass for an undoubted truth. The day was appointed, and the Duke had caused to be prepared a very magnificent Entertainment at his House, for his Majesty had promised to go thither with an intention to di­vert himself: the day before, in the Evening Gignier came to Monsieur de Luines and Monsieur Deageant, and with Oaths, Imprecations, and very perswasive Arguments, assured them that the Conspirators had resolved to Poyson the King, and to kill Monsieur de Luines, at the Collation, and had given it out that the latter should nei­ther eat nor drink there, for they in­tended to cause him to be assassinated with Halbards by French Soldiers in the habit of Switzers. He protested thereupon that if all these Lords were not apprehended that Night or the next Morning, he would depart, to avoid the Storm that was ready to break over their Heads.

[Page 66] It was thought necessary at that time to unfold the Matter to some of the other Ministers of State. Mon­sieur de Vair Keeper of the Seals, was one against whom Gignier had made no objection, therefore it was commu­nicated to him, and he also under­took to discourse with him, who pal­liated his Cheat so artificially, that he took upon him to accuse Monsieur Deageant as having been too remiss and negligent in discovering and prevent­ing this Conspiracy; but after he had heard his Reasons given by the latter, he was satisfied, since care had been taken of the principal Point, which was the preservation of his Ma­jesties Person. Monsieur de Luines and Monsieur Deageant resolved to ac­quaint the King with what had passed, and to entreat him to feign that he intended to be present the next day at the Baptizing of the Child, but really to decline it by making a shew of be­ing indisposed; however no notice of this was given to Gignier. Some hours before that appointed for the Admini­stration of the Baptism, the King went to hear Vespers at Feillans, where [Page 67] about the end of the Service he coun­terfeited a Fit of the Colic so dex­trously that in a moment his Face be­gan to wax Pale; they that were near him, said, that he was taken very ill, to whom he replied, No, this is no­thing, let not a word be spoken of it, for I intend to see the Child baptised and afterwards to go to the Collation: His Majesty's chief Physitian was imme­diately sent for, who having received a private Intimation, felt his Pulse and seemed to be displeased that he had been left there so long; The Duke of Vendome came thither and entreat­ed the King to vouchsafe that the So­lemnity of the Baptism should be de­ferred to some other time, alledging that his Majesties Health was more precious than all things in the World; not long after he was put into a Coach and carried to the Louvre, where he took a Clyster, and the next day a little Physic, according to the Me­thod that had been already permedi­tated.

The Duke of Vendome having per­ceived that the Kings Indisposition lasted but a little while, inferred from [Page 68] thence and from some coldness that he thought he had observed in his Majesties deportment towards him, that he was suspected, and that there was some what more than ordinary in agitation, that might prove to his Prejudice; there­fore he endeavoured to penetrate into it, and on a certain day as he happen­ed to discourse with his Lieutenant, Gigniers Uncle about this Matter, he replied that he was very much afraid least his Nephew should have contrived some ill Design, and declared that he had told him some days ago, that he should very suddenly obtain great Riches and Preferment, and should be made Governour of one of the strong Places of the Kingdom, the Lieutenancy whereof he desired him to accept, and that he had borrowed of him two Sol­diers of the Guards, as hath been a­bove-mentioned, who at their return, related to him the Circumstances of the Force, that he had caused them to act with their Pistols in the Louvre; upon this intelligence the Duke re­flecting on divers Actions that Gignier had lately performed with respect to him and the other Lords, was easily per­swaded [Page 69] that he had done him an In­jury; in somuch that about Eleven of the Clock at Night he found out Mon­sieur de Luines and Monsieur Deageant in the Louvre, to whom he represented that he understood that one Gignier had malitiously charged him with be­ing engaged in a most wicked and hor­rid Conspiracy, that he was ready to clear himself before the King; the Parliament and wheresoever necessity required, and that he came on pur­pose to commit himself into his Ma­jesties Hands, with a request that Gig­nier might be Arrested in order to be confronted with him. Having consi­dered the Artifices that he had made use of, he acknowledged that he and the others that were falsely accused, had Reason to applaud their good Conduct, it being probable that they had all resolved to defend themselves. Gignier was lately Married at Paris when an Officer of the Guard was ordered to apprehend him, and to bring him into the Prison that belonged to the Palace, he had pro­mised on the next day to seize on a certain Fellow that in the habit [Page 70] of a Cordelier endeavoured to raise a Commotion in the Kingdom, but it was thought fit rather to lose the op­portunity of taking him, than to neg­lect the means of discovering this Im­posture, and of vindicating the inno­cence of the Duke of Vendome, which could not be done but from the Mouth of the Calumniator, who hearing that his Intrigues were divulged might take an occasion to fly from Justice.

At his first Interrogatory in the Parliament, he freely confessed the Cheat, and thereupon had his Head cut off according to their Decree: I should not have enlarged so much on this Narrative, were it not that an ac­count of this Fact hath been Printed altogether different from what happen­ed, and therefore I thought it conve­nient (if it deserved any place in Hi­story) to exhibit a true Relation there­of.

But to return to the Affairs relating to the Queen-Mother; it is most cer­tain that as long as his Eminency re­mained with her, and the prudent In­dustry of Monsieur de Luines preven­ted [Page 71] the Operation of the Poyson that was diffused abroad, a good Corres­pondence was maintained between their Majesties, who studied altoge­ther how they might express one to another the mutual Testimonies of respect and kindness. But the latter having withdrawn himself by degrees from Monsieur Deageant who gave him good Advice, and being led away as well by the perswasions of other Ministers, every one of whom in par­ticular strove to obtain his Favour with a Design to Rule according to their own Passions, as by the pernicious Councels of divers private Persons who endeavoured to Embroil the State, that they might advance their Fortunes by the means of some public Dissen­sion or Change; the good Orders that had been instituted for the Administra­tion of Affairs, and chiefly for the pre­servation of the Union between their Majesties began by little and little to be laid aside; insomuch that by the Artifices of such Incendiaries those Jea­lousies were kindled between them, that broke out in a flame within a few Months after.

[Page 72] To this end the Table of the Wolf was put in Practice: For altho Mon­sieur Deageant had no other prospect but the Service of his Majesty, the propagation of Religion, the Peace of the Kingdom, and the particular good of Monsieur de Luines, never­theless he was discharged from the managing of public Transactions, and forasmuch as during his Employ­ment therein he had always clearly represented to the King, the Intentions that were daily practised, to cause him to suspect the Negotiations of his Eminency with the Queen-Mother, he was no sooner removed from the Council, but they that envyed him on the one side, and they that de­signed to hinder the Re-union of their Majesties on the other, acted their parts with double diligence, sometimes they forged Letters, and sometimes they introduced their Emissaries to perswade the King to lose the good Opinion that he had conceived of his Eminency; however it is certain that his Majesty retained so high an Esteem for hi [...], that all these Efforts could not produce the Effect that was expected.

[Page 73] At last an accidental opportunity was offered which served to accom­plish their Design; a Letter from one of the above-mentioned Emissaries was read in the Council of the Dis­patches, which pretended to give an account of some of the secret and si­nister Practices of his Eminency, and that he had engaged a Party of Sol­diers for the Queen-Mother in Pictou; the Ancient Ministers of State failed not immediately to take a resolution to advise the King in the Council that was to be holden at eleven of the Clock in his presence, that his Eminency ought to be removed from the Queen; in­deed they left no stone unturned to this end, but were not able to effect it: but it happened that Monsieur de Cha­teauneuf the Elder, who was in the Council of the Dispatches, not being privy to the Secret, believed that the Motion that had been made, would be approved by his Majesty; which was the occasion that he went on Foot from the Louvre to his own House, and meeting with the late Monsieur de Richelieu acquainted him with what was concluded thereupon. It was [Page 74] thought that Monsieur de Richilieu wrote to his Eminency to advice him to avoid the Storm by retiring of his own accord, which he did. Upon the account of this and of the protesta­tion that he had made to the King when he thought fit to appoint him to reside with the Queen-Mother, viz. That if he perceived that she intended to adhere to evil Councils, and would not be diverted from them, he would withdraw him­self without making any mention thereof; those Persons that had un­dertaken to supplant him, told the King that his retreat after this manner made it apparent enough that the Queen-Mother intended to cause Arms to be taken up against his Majesty; Moreover they forged false Relations of the Actions of his Eminency, and there being none to discover their Artifices, they counterfeited a Letter that order'd him to depart to Avignon.

The Queen-Mother who remained at Blois in expectation of the perfor­mance of the Promises that had been made to her, that she should be re-ad­mitted [Page 75] in a little time into the Kings Presence and Councils (as it was with­out doubt his Majesties intention) see­ing all these Proceedings, concluded not without some grounds that she was deceived, and that-they that were about the King intended to destroy her, insomuch that under this imagi­nation being destitute of the good Councils that were given her by his Eminency, she sought for some means to put her self in such a Condition as to be able to get an Advantage over those whom she took to be her Ad­versaries, amongst the discontented Party, and amongst those whom she thought she had more particularly obliged. Instead of the advice of the Cardinal of Richelieu, she made use of that of the Abbot of Roueelay, who induced her to proceed to ex­tremities, against the King and to di­minish the high Esteem that she had always expressed of his Eminencies Fidelity and Generosity, whose ap­proach he dreaded being very sensible that it would be impossible for him to resist the force of his incomparable Judgement that far excelled his. He [Page 76] caused also the Bishop Elect of Besiers to lose her Favour, pretending that he endeavoured to delude her, though he was altogether innocent. Thus se­veral Factions arose in the Kingdom, which coming to the Kings Ear, obliged him to stand on his Guard, and to set a watch over the Actions of those to whom the Queen his Mother had made application, and of those whom (as he was informed) she had employ­ed in her Design; She was offended at this, and complained thereof to his Majesty, who endeavoured by all possible means to divert her from these Thoughts, and to perswade her to that which was true, that he desired no­thing more ardently than their Re­union and good Correspondence.

Several of those that had obtained the Kings Favour, finding that they could not acquire so much power over the Inclinations of Monsieur de Luines as they desired, and conse­quently could not obtain a greater Influence over his Majesty; attempt­ed to render Monsieur de Luines more and more odious to the Queen-Mother, although during the time that I was [Page 77] conversant there, I never observed that he deserved it: they imagined that if they ruined him under the name of the Queen-Mother and promoted her return, she would think her self ob­liged to them, and would chuse ra­ther to see them near the King than all the rest, many others that were desirous of Novelty and Change were engaged in this Project to the same end.

Some have published that the Princes that were retired from the Court; against whom the Kings Forces were employed, were privy to the Design contrived a­gainst the Marshal d'Ancre and under­hand sollicited the Execution; however it is most true that they had no know­ledge thereof, and that if they had not readily returned to their Duty, his Majesty was resolved to continue to prosecute them with War, and to Command his Army in Person; but immediately after the Death of the Marshal de Ancre, some of their Kindred made most humble Submissi­ons to his Majesty on their behalf: And whereas they proposed a certain Treaty, that they might enjoy the [Page 78] benefit thereof, as hath been practised in former Insurrections; his Majesty was graciously pleased to answer, that if they would become Obedient and Loyal Subjects for the future, he would receive them with open Arms, would Pardon them, and would make them sensible of the Effects of his Munificence, according as they should render themselves worthy thereof by their Actions: His Majesty required them too, without delay to meet, him at Bois de Vincennes; but they made some difficulty at first to appear there, fearing lest they should be seized, but being assured by his Royal Word to the contrary, they surmounted this fear, and having according to the Kings Command dismissed all the Forces that they had raised they came and begged his Majesties Pardon on their Knees; who afterwards dis­banded his Armies, reserving only fifteen Thousand Men for the relief of Verseil which belonged to the Duke of Savoy, and was besieged by the Spaniards to whom it was formerly left as a Prey through the Artifices of the Marshal de Ancre and his Wife.

[Page 79] The King prepared a stock to de­fray the Charges of this Army that was ready to March, for Three Months, and caused it to be returned by Bills of Exchange to Lyons, ac­cording to the desire of the Treasurer at War; the Duke of Angouleine was Commander in chief, who being urged to depart with all speed, because Ver­seil was reduced to great extremity, replied, that as soon as the Money was ready at Lyons, he would ride Post thither, and declared that altho good Bills of Exchange had been drawn, nevertheless he was informed that there was something that retard­ed the Payment: The Treasurer at War was thereupon ordered to attend in the Council, where he affirmed that the Cash was ready at Lyons; to know the truth, a Post was immediately dispatched, who found the Bills of Exchange accepted, and the Money ready to be counted before it was de­manded; the King having received this Advice, gave notice thereof to the Duke of Angouleine, who per­sisted in averring that his Majesty was deceived in this Point: The Treasurer [Page 80] was again Summon'd to appear, and charged to give a true account of this Matter, otherwise the King would send him to the Parliament to be try­ed: Upon this he whispered in the Ear of one of his Majesties Privv Coun­cellors and told him that the Money indeed was ready at Lyons; but that some of the other Ministers had en­joyned him to use these delays, after enquiry it was found to be true. Their excuse was, that seeing this Affair so vehemently prosecuted, and fearing least a War should break forth be­tween the two Crowns of France and Spain they had taken this course, up­on the promise that the Duke of Monteleon, the King of Spain's Am­bassador in France, had given them, That as soon as the City should be de­livered into the hands of the Spani­ards, they would restore it at the in­stance of his Majesty, his Master be­ing obliged to this only in vindication of his Honour, that was engaged in the taking of this Place, since (as he affirmed) the Duke of Savoy had be­gun the Quarrel. Thus for want of the Assistance of France, Verseil was [Page 81] surrendered upon Composition to the Besiegers, who kept it so long, con­trary to the Treaties and Artieles of Capitulation that were then made, that none expected ever to see it again in the hands of the Duke of Savoy. I shall not here enlarge on the several Embassies and Negotiations that were managed on this account, since that may be better performed by another hand: And as for the restitution of the Place to his Highness of Savoy, Fa­ther Joseph can give a more certain Relation thereof than any, since it was restored upon his Mediation, at a time (as I have said) when every one despaired, even the Ancient Ministers of State themselves.

The Agent of the Duke of Florence was one of those that were engaged in the Cabal at Court addicted to the Interests of the Queen-Mother or ra­ther of those that endeavoured under her name to cause some Commotion in the Kingdom, who amongst others had two Florentine Young Men named Syti for his Emissaties that had been in the Service of Madam d'Ancre. It was well known that he practised some [Page 82] ill Offices, and tho his Proceedings were diligently observed, yet nothing could be discovered but by accidental Event: One day he sent by a Messenger of Nancy a large Pacquet in which were contained Letters for the Dutchess of Lorrain and some others with whom he maintained a Correspon­dence, together with certain Memorials in which were specified the Names of several Persons that (as he said) were gained by the care of the Queen-Mo­ther, some of whom were near the King, and were in Credit with Mon­sieur de Luines; mention was also made therein of the Services of the two Brothers Syti and of one called Durand: the Mes­senger was charged that if he were pursu­ed, he should secretly convey his Pacquet into some Bush, and afterwards should go, and take it again; it happened that being on the High-way that bot­ders on the River Marne near Lagny, he saw certain Horse-men riding a pace after him, and thinking to hide his Pacquet securely, he thrust it so far through a Thicket that it fell into the River, afterwards without regarding what became of it he turned out of [Page 83] the Road, and fled for fear of being ta­ken: Monsieur de Marcheville as he was travelling from Paris to Lorrain saw this Pacquet floating on the Water, and caused it to be taken up by one of his Foot-men; the Superscription being so wet that it could not easily be discerned to whom it was directed, he imagined that it was for Monsieur Deageant, therefore he immediately dispatched the same Laquey that had taken it out of the Water to carry it to him: M. Deageant soon found that it was directed to Persons that were suspected, and that the Super­scription was Written by the younger Syti, whose hand he knew, having formerly recovered some of his Wri­tings upon the Suspition that happen­ed concerning him and his Brother: He brought it to the King who caused it to be read in his presence, as also the Letters and Memorials therein en­closed, and forthwith summoned the Ministers of State to meet and delibe­rate thereupon.

At the same time, and very oppor­tunely, certain Merchants of Provence came to make a complaint to his Ma­jesty, [Page 84] that the Duke of Florence had caused two great Vessels that belonged to them laden with Corn to be seized in the Port of Legorn by way of re­prisal on occasion of two little Barks, which he said, were taken from some of his Subjects by the French on the coast of Provence. It was resolved in the Council to send for the Agent of Florence, under colour of some Matters of Importance that they had received orders from the King to communicate to him; he soon appeared there, and his Majesty having withdrawn himself, as he entered into the Council-Hall, every one rose up as if they intended to depart; he made his Complements to the Company, which were returned to him, and then M. de Vair, Keeper of the Seals, the Chancellor de Sillery being absent, spake to him to this effect, Sir, the King hath commanded us to send for you to acquaint you that he hath thought it very strange that your Master should be so bold as to take upon him to seize on two French Vessels at Legorn by way of reprisal, since he is not ignorant that such Practices are not usual between such petty Princes as he, [Page 85] and so potent a King as his Majesty, that it was very extraordinary, that after he had thus violated the respect due to his Majesty, he hath not used any of the Solemnities requisite and cu­stomary in Reprisals; that the King being justly offended at such Proceedings, was resolved to cause him to repent it 'ere long; and that upon this account, his Majesty being no longer able to confide in the Duke of Florence, nor consequently in his Agents, required him to depart that day from Paris and in three days after out of the Kingdom. The Agent replied, that he knew nothing of this reprisal, but that he was very certain that his Master wanted neither Respect nor Affection to the King, and that if time were allowed him to dispatch a Courier to him, he promised that he should bring all manner of satisfaction to his Majesty: Monsieur du Vair told him, that the Kings Orders must be obeyed, thereupon he went on that very day to Nancy, where he sojourn­ed a great while, continuing his for­mer Practices that he had began in France.

[Page 86] Information had been given by the Syti's, that the Sieur de Bournonville, Brother to the Baron de Persan Go­vernour of the Bastile, had delivered certain dispatches to a man that went often and privately, from Paris to Blois; who was afterwards discovered and taken, being charged with Letters and Memorials written by Monsieur Barbin, then Prisoner in the Bastile, to the Queen Mother, describing the measures that she ought to take to regain her Authority with the King and to destroy those that had obtained a share in his Counsels, and that might be able to oppose this design. This was the cause that the Officer of the Guard was commanded to go into the Bastile, under pretence to speak with another Prisoner, where on a sudden according to the Orders that he had received in Writing, he caused the Door of the Sieur Barbin's Chamber to be opened, that he might enter and seize on his Papers, and found him with other Memorials on the same Subject, as the former but much larger: As soon as he perceived that the Officer took them away, he cryed out, Alass! I am [Page 87] undone, he that hath been my only sup­port, will see in these Papers what pains I have taken to destroy him, but it was to serve my Mistress. These Writings being examined in the Council, it ap­peared that Burnonville had suffered himself to be corrupted, that he took care of the Letters that the Sieur Bar­bin sent out of the Bastile, and received those that were directed to him: It was also inferred from thence, that the Baron de Persan and his Family were engaged in the Service of the Queen Mother, however the King was satisfied with taking from him the Government of the Bastile; But as for Bournonville against whom there were undoubted Proofs, he thought fit to order him to be committed into the hand of justice to be brought to his Tryal before the Grand Council, that his Majesty had appointed to this end, as also to try the others that were dis­covered to be of the same Faction, as well by the Papers of the Seiur Bar­bin, as by the dispatches of the Agent of Florence above-mentioned, viz. The Sieur de Marsillac, Le See formerly Secretary to the Queen, the two Bro­thers [Page 88] named Syti, and Durand a Pari­sian, whom Monsieur de Luines had introduced into the Kings Presence, to compose the Verses of the Balls, by whose appointment he received two thousand Livers as a reward.

According to the decree made by the Grand Council, Marsillac and Le See on whose behalf Madam de Luines very much interceded, were acquitted; the Sieur Barbin was condemned to perpetual banishment out of the King­dom; the Younger Syti received Sen­tence to be Hanged, and his Elder Brother, and Durand to make public reparation, and afterwards to be broken alive on a Wheel; These two last had each of them an infamous Li­bel about them, written with their own hands against his Majesties Sacred Per­son, in which Durand omitted nothing that might serve to represent him as the most cruel and abominable Prince that ever lived; the Elder Syti finding it too harsh, had mollified it a little, however he was thought worthy of the punishment to which he was adjudged: but they had not time to Publish this Scandalous Pamphlet. Amongst Du­rands [Page 89] Papers were found Letters that assured him of the Office of Secretary to the Queen Mother, who was high­ly extolled therein; nevertheless it was believed that she had not read them, and that she never would have consen­ted, that they should after so base a manner, sully the Honour of the King her Son, whom all Men acknow­ledged as one of the most pious, most just and most Excellent Princes that ever wore a Crown.

As for what relates to the Duke of Florence, a shew was made of an in­tention to invade his Country, and he began to be afraid of a Storm, when he heard that Orders were sent to Monsieur de Lesdiguiers, to be ready to command an Army of twenty thousand men in Italy, that vast sums of money were provided to set out a considera­ble number of Ships at Marseilles, and that Monsieur de Guise was already de­parted to go on Board as Admiral, and to Act according to his Majesties Orders: Insomuch that to allay this Tempest, he dispatched the Chevalier Guidy with great diligence to the King, to excuse himself on the account of [Page 90] what had passed to the prejudice of the Merchants of Provence, of which he protested that he was altogether igno­rant, till he had received an informa­tion thereof in a Letter from his Agent, laying the fault on certain Officers, whom he had for that reason caused to be put in Prison: The Chevalier Guidy brought the Merchants along with him to testifie to his Majesty, that not only the Vessels and Merchandizes were restored to them, but that they were also satisfied in full for all char­ges, damages and interests, and that they were paid for the expences of their jour­ney to the Court: The Fleet that was prepared by Monsieur de Guise, served to clear the Coasts of Provence of the Pirates of Algier, that intercepted their commerce; and indeed this was the true reason that such a fund was ap­propriated for their maintenance.

The Incendiaries of the Court having, as hath been already observed, exas­perated the mind of the Queen with two different passions distrust and an­ger, made use of the Proceedings a­bove-related, to cause an absolute in­flammation therein; And she so easily [Page 91] received these ill impressions, that she suffered the Intelligences and Plots that were already promoted in the Kingdom under her name, daily to encrease, and intended to take a resolution to withdraw her self privately from Blois, and to raise a Party in the Nation by the Power of which she was perswaded, to hope to be re-established at Court, with all the Authority in which she had been heretofore invested.

The King being informed of these artifices, took all possible care to pre­vent the effect, and to give a true ac­count of his intentions to the Queen his Mother, which were certainly so full of sincerity, and so well known to those, whom he employed in these important and most secret Affairs, that none durst make the least motion to him, that never so little reflected on the honour and respect that he required should be render'd to her, or that tended in any manner whatsoever to interrupt the good correspondence, that he desired to preserve with her Maje­sty; It is also true that none of them at that time were inclined to the con­trary, at last the King seeing that all [Page 92] his endeavours proved ineffectual, sent Monsieur de Roissy, an Ancient Coun­seller of State, to reside with her, for these two ends, one of which was to use his utmost efforts to disperse those mists of suspition that were cast before her Eyes, and to dis-intangle her from those perplexities, in which she had involved herself by hearkning to those evil counsels, that were continually pro­posed to her; and the other was, to have a watchful eye over the actions of those that came near her Per­son, to suggest them to her; His Majesty also commanded certain Troops of Horse to be put into a Gar­rison near Blois, to keep those in awe that should attempt to remove the Queen from thence.

These Orders, and in a Word, all the Kings Actions relating to the Queen his Mother, even those that turned to her greatest advantage and were ap­parently most innocent, were never­theless converted by the factious, into so many fire-brands to inflame her anger: But for as much as they saw that their Plots were discovered, as soon as they were contrived, and that [Page 93] all the projects that they could invent, were always frustrated with prudence and great Moderation, they imagined that this proceeded chiefly from the vi­gilancy, industry and care of Monsieur Deageant, and took a resolution a­mongst themselves to set all their En­gins at Work, either to remove or to destroy him. There were two Parties, that for some time, were engaged in the like enterprizes; one of which consisted of several Persons who being intimate with Monsieur de Luines, were perswa­ded that if they could induce him to discredit and expel Deageant, they might afterwards rule him as they pleased, and might thereby insinuate them­selves into the Kings favour even to the detriment of Monsieur de Luines: The other was managed by the Duke de Monteleon, the Spanish Ambassador, who had his Emissaries at Court, some of whom were in so great repute with Monsieur de Luines, by the means of divers secret Springs, that although by the Letters dispatched from Spain to the Duke de Monteleon, that were intercepted, and by large Memorials that were sent to him, the whole intrigue [Page 94] was laid open to Monsieur de Luines, nevertheless he suffer'd himself to be deluded by it. These Memorials were composed after so curious and artifici­al a manner that Monsieur Deageant, who knew the disposition of Monsieur de Luines, that was already inspired with jealousie by reason of the great trust and confidence that the King had put in him, easily judged what would be the event. He acquainted him with his thoughts thereupon, and free­ly protested to him that he was about to consider in good earnest how he might retreat, as he afterwards did, as­suring him, that if he desired to remove him, he would not oppose it, provided that he took care that his Conscience and Honour might not be interested therein. He performed his promise to him in this particular; for about three Months after, Monsieur de Luines having told him, that the Ancient Mini­sters of State, and all the cheif of his Family, Kindred and Acquaintance had conceived an extream aversion and displeasure against him, and that they threatned to abandon him, if he did not depart from his interest; ad­vised [Page 95] him to forbear coming into the Privy Council, and that of the dis­patches only for fifteen days; in which he would use his endeavours to take a­way these jealousies, earnestly entrea­ting him in the mean time not to de­clare it to the King, because he was unwilling that it should come to his Ear, least his Majesty should be pro­voked against the Ministers and this might cause a Division in the Council. This Artifice was too gross not be per­ceived, and it was apparent enough that the design was, whilst he abstained from public Employments, to slander and accuse him falsely before the King: Nothing was left undone to procure this effect; but his Majesties generosi­ty was so great, that he could not be prevailed with to discard a Servant a­gainst whom he found nothing alledged, but what proceeded from envy or ma­lice, and one that could not be char­ged with any Mif-demeanour. How­ever Monsieur Deageant, who obser­ved on the one side that he was too weak to withstand the shock of so many, and such powerful Enemies that oppo­sed him, and on the other, that Monsieur [Page 96] de Luines had by degrees declined to hearken to his Advice, to follow that which was suggested to him according to the different Passions of those that constantly beset him, for the most part to the damage of the State, judged rightly, that if he should continue in the Execution of his Office, he would be accounted responsable for all mis­carriages that might happen, though he had no hand in them, these considerati­ons obliged him not only to yield to the proportions of Monsieur de Luines, but also to assure him that he intended for the future altogether to desist from the transaction of any Affairs of State, having nevertheless represented to him divers weighty reasons to convince him that (as he had formerly told him) he had suffer'd himself to be surprized by those that were his own Enemies, dis­turbers of the Peace of the Kingdom, and dis-affected to his Majesties Ser­vice, who might perhaps at some o­ther time require of him an account of several important negotiations that he had almost brought to perfection, and would be lost through his retreat; some of which shall be hereafter related in their proper place.

[Page 97] At that very instant Monsieur Dea­geant, forbore to appear in Council and to transact any Affairs, and had also withdrawn himself from Court; but Monsieur de Luines, who had con­cealed this Plot from the King, caused him to believe that he had voluntarily absented himself by reason of the jea­lousie of the Ministers, till he could find out some means to compose the differences that arose amongst them: And therefore fearing if Deageant should altogether quit his Employ­ment, least his Majesty should discover his design and might take notice there­of, he desired him to remain at Court, and to see him at the usual hours: He treated him after this manner, that the King might believe that he was always present, and had a hand in all public transactions, whilst he endea­voured to perswade him to give his consent that he might be removed.

The King by his prudent and gene­rous conduct had extended his reputa­tion very far, he was loved by good Men, and feared by evil; his thoughts and actions were wholly bent to pro­pagate Religion, to cause justice to [Page 98] Reign, to repair the Ruins of the State, to Establish Peace therein and to impart it to those Neighbours that were in trouble: But the Devil, the Enemy of good Works, perceiving that these proceedings tended to the destruction of his Kingdom in Europe, to put a stop to this Course, stirred up the above-mentioned factions and con­spiracies, that after divers manners changed the Scene of Affairs, and which is worse, caused several attempts to be made upon his Majesties Sacred Per­son; he instilled into the mind of a Young Man a Native of Cahors (whose name was concealed, because he was descended from an Honourable Fami­ly that was well-effected to the King's Service,) most wicked and damnable designs, to Execute which, he came to Paris, and was thus discovered: On Easter day in the Morning in the Year 1618. This Young Man went into the Convent of the Cordeliers, and enquired whether there were amongst them any Fathers of the Province of Guienne, thereupon one was shewed to him in the infirmery, named Arnoux; he accosted him, and after some dis­course, [Page 99] desired him to hear him in Confession, in which he accused him­self, saying, that he had some thoughts that he should be well pleased if the King, Queen and Monsieur the Kings Brother were dead, and that he had a mind, if it seemed good to him, to kill them and three other Princes. These were the very Words that the Cordelier caused him to repeat to him upon the spot, telling him that before he gave him absolution, he would consider them well, and would talk with him in par­ticular about them, which he did at first in the Cloister, and afterwards in his Chamber where he brought him, and there having fully examined him concerning this Diabolical Imaginati­on, he found that he was a Person capable of committing all manner of wickedness, and that instead of shewing any contrition for so abominable a thought, he seemed always obstinately to persist therein. This good Friar fearing least some mischief might ensue, if it were not prevented, entreated him to tarry a little in the Chamber, whilst he went into the Library to turn over certain Casuists, in order to resolve his [Page 100] doubts on the Subject of his Confes­sion: He took this opportunity to ac­quaint Monsieur Deageant with what had happened, relating to him (as he said) not that which had been spoken in Confession, because that was forbid­den, but several passages that he had heard from the Mouth of this Young Man in other discourses with him: Monsieur Deageant after he had com­mended his zeal, desired him to go and entertain him, and to invite him to dinner in his own Chamber, or if he refused it, to accompany him to his Lodgings, till an Officer were sent to apprehend him. The Ministers of State were immediately assembled, and according to their Advice this Young Man was put into the Bastile, and in a Chest that was in the Chamber where he lay, his Confession was found con­taining these wicked thoughts, with several other horrible abomina­tions, which being viewed by the Pri­vy Counsellors, they considered that forasmuch as there was no other Proof against him but his own Confession, and the report of the Confessor, they ought on several accounts to act cir­cumspectly [Page 101] in such Cases, and fearing on the other side least the King should be troubled, and it should be made known to the World that any had conspired against his life, they thought it conve­nient to keep him a close Prisoner, and that no rumour should be spread abroad touching this matter. They to whose custody he was committed, and that observed his behaviour, re­ported that he would often talk like a mad man, and one that was desperate­ly intent upon some mischeif. Monsieur Deageant, being soon after discharged from the managing of Public Affairs, this as well as many others, was neg­lected; insomuch that the Ministers without recollecting (as is to be suppo­sed) the cause of his confinement, and without enquiring into it, ordered him to be set at liberty, as also were some others that were imprisoned in the same place on slight occasions. They repented it afterwards, being informed who he was, and would have caused him to be taken again, but to no pur­pose. On the third day in Easter, the Cordelier that had discovered him, was (as is thought) Poysoned in the Con­vent, [Page 102] the Physitians with whose Ad­vice he was carefully assisted, observed all the signs of a subtil Poyson, that would soon have dispatched him, if he had not been of a very strong con­stitution, and had not found such speedy and effectual relief: As soon as he was cured, he was sent back again into his Convent, and during the Seige of Montauban, he served as an Almoner, where he fell sick and dyed.

The Devil having failed in this at­tempt resolved 'ere long to try another. Amongst the Pages of the lesser Stables, there was one for whom the King had a more particular respect, and who upon this account attended on Horse­back almost always when his Majesty went a Hunting. The Master of the Horse having on a certain day, ordered him to mount according to the usual custom, he fell a weeping and entrea­ted him that he would be pleased to excuse him, affirming that ever since the last time that they Hunted, he was troubled with somewhat that incessantly urged him to kill the King, that the more he strove to resist this temptati­on, the more he was tormented with [Page 103] it, without being able to sleep, or to enjoy any peace in his mind; and that he had had recourse to Prayer, Confession and the Sacrament, but could not get rid of a thought, that he detested as much as Hell it self: He fell on his knees at his feet, beseeching him to take care of him, and not to permit him to come near the King, least the evil Spirit should compel him to com­mit the execrable Fact to which he was prompted against his Will: The Master of the Horse caused him to be examined by two learned Divines, and a Physitian to discover whether this perturbation might not proceed from Melancholy; they avouched the con­trary, and that the Page appeared to be of a good natural constitution, devout and sound in body and mind, his ima­gination only excepted, that was hurt by the malignant suggestion of the Devil with whom he seemed to be pos­sessed; he afterwards came and made a report thereof to a private Assembly of the Ministers of State, who were of opinion that no mention ought to be made of this Affair, for the same rea­sons that have been produced in the [Page 104] Preceding Paragraph, and that the Page should be committed to the custo­dy of some Person appointed to con­duct him to the Citadel of Calais, where the Governour was to be commanded to entertain him, and not to permit him to depart till he had received fur­ther orders; this was put in execution, and I know not what became of him since, because I had retired from the Court.

About the same time a certain French Man, that had lived in Spain about fourteen Years came from Portugal to the Court, and made application to Monsieur de Luxemburg lately Deceased, the Brother of Monsieur de Luines, whom he acquainted that he came on purpose to give information of a mat­ter that he thought was of great conse­quence in relation to the Kings Person; affirming, that being very intimate with the Governour of a Sea-port Town, the name of which I do not remember, this Man believing him to be a Spani­ard, had often shewed him an Indian Youth that had a Steel Cross bow, so little that it might be put into his Poc­ket, which he could draw so dextroufly, [Page 105] that he never failed to shoot twenty or twenty five shot within the compass of a penny, with a sharp Arrow that entered with great force, and very far into the board that was set up as a mark, and that he was employed at other times in learning Languages, and more especially the French above all others, without permitting him to go out of the Fortress, nor so much as out of the Tower, where six Souldiers were appointed for his Guard: This giving him an occasion to suspect that there was some sinister design in agitation a­gainst his Country, excited in him a desire to penetrate into it as far as he could; insomuch that being on a cer­tain day in the Indians Chamber with the Governours Secretary (who as his Master had done, took him to be a native of Spain) and having as­ked him what they intended to do with this Foreigner that was kept there so long; he replied, that it was better to maintain one desperate and resolute Tray­tor than a great Army, that such a one usually did more execution, and did not cost so much; and that he could not be ignorant, that this was a Maxim of the Spanish Politicks. Therefore from this [Page 106] and from other passages that he ob­served elsewhere, he concluded it to be an undoubted truth, that the Indian was thus exercised and guarded, that he might be hereafter employed to per­petrate some villanous enterprize in France: He earnestly insisted that this ma [...]ter should not be communicated to the Kings Council, only to some of them in private, whose fidelity and capacity was well known, and that if some one were chosen that might be trusted, and that could speak the Spa­nish Tongue fluently, he could prevail so far as to cause him to be admitted into the Garrison of the Fortress, and perhaps into the Guard of the Indian's Tower, where he might see the truth of that which he had related, and that they might advise together concerning the measures that were to be taken to destroy this Man; in case they could perceive that any progress had been made in the design, for which he judged that he was entertained after this man­ner; thereupon such a Person was pro­vided as he required, who was furnished with a peculiar Cyphet or Character to write down the particulars that he should observe concerning these occur­rences; [Page 107] he sent divers Letters that con­firmed all that the other had reported, and urged with much importunity that this Indian ought to be dispatched, and that it might be easily effected with a little Money, by the means of some of those that belonged to his Guard; this was not long after actually put in execution: A Gentleman that faith­fully served the King in Spain, was charged to observe these transactions, and gave an account that the two Men that were sent thither, had punctually performed their promise: I can certain­ly avouch the truth of this Affair, since the sums of Money that were paid to keep it secret were taken out of my Chest a considerable part of which is yet due to me, because I was dismissed from the managing of public Negotia­tions, during the time that this was in agitation.

Before I proceed to discourse of those passages that came to my knowledge, after I was thus discharged [...] my Employment, I thought it not amiss succinctly to relate some particulars touching Foreign Affairs, a true ac­count of which perhaps hath not been exhibited elsewhere: It is certain that [Page 108] when the King took the Reins of the Government of his Kingdom into his own hands, the Court of Rome incli­ned more to the side of Spain, than to that of France; Cardinal Bourguere the Popes Nephew privately encouraged this party against ours, and to engage himself therein, concluded with the Spa­nish Ambassador the Marriage of the Prince de Sulmone which hath been since consummated. Monsieur Dea­geant perceiving that they to whom the administration of the transactions a­broad, was committed, did not Ad­vise the King to get an interest at this Court, that was always able to cause notable revolutions in the Affairs of Christendom, entreated his Majesty to permit him to endeavour to accom­plish a design that he had contrived for this purpose: He was so fortunate as to obtain a considerable esteem with the Pope and the Cardinal his Nephew; and Cardinal Bentivoglio, being then in France, wrought good impressions upon them by his dispatches; which procured him great Credit, and very much facilitated his enterprize, he was also favoured with the great reputation that the King daily acquir'd, and by [Page 109] the refusal of the Spaniards to restore Verseil, contrary to the re-iterated pro­mises that they had made, by the Trea­ties that were concluded through the Mediation of the Pope and his Majesty, from whence the Court of Rome infer­red, that the Spaniards designed to en­large their Dominions in Italy, to the damage of the other Potentates, and particularly of his Holiness. Thereupon a Treaty of Alliance was promoted be­tween the House of Bourguere and that of France, and to make it more firm and durable a match was propounded between the Duke of Sulmone and Ma­demoiselle de Verneuil, who was after­wards Married to the Duke de la Valette. This overture being made to Cardinal Bourguere, and several reasons and ad­vantages represented that were proper to perswade him; he declared that he did not dislike the Proposition, that he would communicate it to his Holiness, and that he would in the mean time hold the Marriage in suspense that was Prosecuted by the Ambassador of Spain, between the Prince de Sulmone, and the party whom he hath since taken to Wife: But that he was obliged to say that France would not reap the Fruits [Page 110] that they expected from this Treaty, though it should succeed, unless the con­sent of Cardinal Aldobrandini could be obtained, whose power equalled, if not surpassed, that of the House of Bourguere; that he would not fail to joyn with Spain, as soon as he should see this union propo­sed; that the number of the Cardinals of his Faction, being augmented with those that were the Subjects of Spain, would always prevail in the Conclave and in the Consistory; and therefore that they would be continually opposed and over­powered, notwithstanding all that might happen to the advantage of France, whereas if the King could unite these two Powers, nothing could hinder him for the suture, from obtaining all man­ner of Credit and Power in the Court of Rome, even to that degree, that when the Pope should dye, he might cause one to be chosen of the French Nation. A promise was made to him, to make an attempt upon the hopes of good success; and he was assured, that it should be his own fault, if his party were not strength­ned with his Majesties Authority a­gainst that of Spain and the Family of Aldobrandini that was almost extinct.

A Marriage was then treated be­tween [Page 111] Monsieur the Prince of Pied­mont and Madam the Kings Sister; Monsieur Deageant was one of those whom his Majesty thought fit to em­ploy more particularly therein, who took this opportunity to perswade the Duke of Savoy to endeavour to en­gage Cardinal Aldobrandini in the French Interests, without declaring to him any thing that had passed between him and Cardinal Bourguere; he was further urged with the hopes that by effecting this, he might cause himself to be elected King of the Romans, and from thence might be advanced to the Empire. James I. late King of Great Britain instead of inciting the Prince Palatine his Son-in-Law, disswaded him from it, and was of opinion that the Duke of Savoy ought rather to be regarded. One of the English Mini­sters of State imparted this to Mon­sieur Deageant, that he might inform the King thereof, and might induce him to prosecute this Design, as being the best and most sure means to pull down the House of Austria, to establish Peace amongst the Estates of Europe, and to prevent the Commotions that were ready to break forth in Germany.

[Page 112] This Proposition was approved by the Duke of Savoy, who wanted nei­ther Courage nor Ambition: he there­fore resolved to sollicite Cardinal Al­dobrandini on this account and pro­mised much from the strict Amity and Friendship that was betwixt them, but he feared least he should meet with some difficulty therein, because this Cardinal, as to his present Con­dition at Rome, was able to hold the Ballance even in the Conclave and in the Consistory; but that he might be over-matched by the Faction of Bourguere; that would be fortified with the Spaniards as soon as they should see him inclined to France; which was the same consideration that had restrained Bourguere with respect to Al­dobrandini as hath been already ob­served. A promise was thereupon made to the said Duke that all possible Ef­forts should be used to gain Cardinal Bourgu [...]re.

It hath been above related that M. Deageant contrived an Enterprize a­gainst Rochel with an Officer that had the charge of the Fortifications of that City; this Man had given Informati­on to the Inhabitants, that for the se­curity [Page 113] of the Place it was necessary to raise a Bulwark on that side next the Harbour, and having received orders to take care that a good quantity of Earth should be carried thither, for that purpose, left a space open through which seven Men might enter in front, this gap was filled up at Night with a few Turfs that might be easily tram­pled upon and overturned; but that he might gain time to prepare all things requisite for the Execution of this Design, he prolonged the finishing of this Work. Another Inhabitant of Rochel that guarded the Tower of the Lantern on the same side, treated in like manner with Monsieur Deageant at the same time, to open a passage into the City, which he had cut through the Stones and afterwards fil­led with Earth, and was so wide that two Men might march therein in front: The other Officer and he, with­out knowing one another Intentions insisted, that the King having put a strong Garrison into Fort Lewes, that was near the City, might re-enforce it as occasion required, and might without any difficulty at the return of the tide, cause a detatchment of a [Page 114] considerable number of Soldiers that might be sufficient to perform this En­terprize, to advance by the way that they should shew, without being per­ceived by the Sentinels. Monsieur Deageant to be assured of this, sent an Engineer in whom he could confide, that at two several Nights entered through the above mentioned Passages, and reported that the project was in­fallible, and not long after acquainted the King and Monfieur de Luines with it: Thereupon a debate arose in the Privy Council, whether in case an opportunity should be offered to sur­prise Rochel, the King should lay hold on it, and it was carried in the affirma­tive, though at that time there was a full Peace, since the Rockellers as to their particular were continually Facti­ous and in Rebellion. There were none then privy to the Design, but the King, Monsieur de Luines, the two Underta­kers, the Workman that was sent to view the Places, and Monsieur Deageant: but afterwards Monsieur de Luines per­swaded the Person that managed the Affair at the Tower of the Lantern to introduce Monsieur de Auriac Quar­ter-Master of the Army lately de­ceased, [Page 115] to see whether it could be ef­fected, forbidding him to make any mention thereof to Monsieur Deageant: Monsieur de Auriac declared, that he had seen every thing after the same manner as was represented, but that so many Soldiers as would be requisite to take the City, could not pass through that Tower, unless the other Attempt were vigorously prosecuted at the same time; this difficulty arose by reason of the absence of the other Officer, who was in Rochel and had treated with none but Monsieur Deageant, without whom Monsieur de Luines intended that these Enterprizes should be performed, that the Honour of them might be attributed to him; he feared also if any success should happen upon the Negotiation of Monsieur Deageant, lest he should obtain fur­ther Credit and Favour with the King. Thus all proceedings in this Matter being delayed, no other Effect was produced but the Death of him that acted at the Tower by the Lantern, who being sent into the City of Mon­sieur de Luines to endeavour to induce the Officer to treat with none but him, and to desist from conferring any [Page 116] longer with Monsieur Deageant, was discovered, upon the advice that a certain noble Man to whom Monsieur de Luines had revealed this Design, had given to the Mayor; insomuch that he was Condemned and Executed; Upon this account the Officer fled, and having related all these Circum­stances to Monsieur Deageant, depart­ed to Rome, not thinking himself safe in France. The Jealousy of Monsieur de Luines, and the removing of Mon­sieur Deageant were the only Obstacles that hindered the King from becoming absolute Master of Rochel at that time.

During the Employment of Mon­sieur Deageant, no other Affairs of consequence were transacted in Italy, but that of the Duke of Florence a­bove mentioned; the Marriage of the Prince of Piedmont; the difference between the Dukes of Savoy and Mantua, of which the King was Ar­bitrator, and the Accommodation be­tween the King of Spain and the Duke of Savoy; And it would be needless for me to enlarge on them, since there are many that are able to produce larger Memorials than I can; as for the last, Father Joseph can give a true [Page 117] account thereof, since he was sent into Spain on purpose to cause the Treaty to be put in Execution, that was made for the restitution of Verseil.

I shall only add one particular pas­sage that happened to my Knowledge, which perhaps may be thought worth the observing, Cardinal Ludovisio, who was afterwards promoted to the Pontificate, negotiated for the Pope in the aforesaid Accommodation, and Monsieur de Lesdiguiers was one of those whom the King had employed therein: The Treaty being concluded, Monsieur de Lesdiguiers went to take leave of the Cardinal, and amongst other Complements, wished him the the Mitre; he smiled and made him this answer, Will you promise me to become a Catholic when I shall be Pope? Yes certainly, replied Monsieur de Les­diguiers, who seeing him very Ancient, and the last of the Cardinals could not imagine that he could attain to this Supreme Dignity; however in a little time he was placed in St. Peters Chair, and long after dispatched a Brief to Monsieur de Lesdiguiers to put him in mind of his promise, to perform which he was already in­clined, [Page 118] as shall be hereafter observed; he sent an answer to this Brief, full of respect, and even made use of the terms of most Holy Father and his Holi­ness, notwithstanding the Remon­strances that the Deputies of the Re­formed Religion, and the Consistory of Lyons from whence he wrote, ex­hibited to him on this occasion.

There were also certain Treaties in agitation concerning the Affairs of the Valtoline, which were disannulled by the Venetians at the very first overture, but because I knew not the succeeding Events I shall make no mention of them here; And as for Spain, except­ing the Transactions that related to the composing of the differences between them and the Duke of Savoy, there was no other matter of moment de­pending between the two Crowns, and Peace hath been maintained in de­spight of the mutual Antipathies of of these two Nations one against ano­ther, and the different Interests of their Kings.

There arose about that time a cer­tain contest with England; the Am­bassador of France was come back and left le Cler his Secretary to act in his [Page 119] stead, who proceeded so far, that a resolution was taken to treat him somewhat severely, he thereupon withdrew himself, and having sent an express to the King of what passed; he received a Command to find out some means to return, which he after­wards did; there was also an Ambas­sador from England with the King, who upon notice that the other of France was in the Kingdom, gave or­ders that he should speedily depart, since, contrary to the Law of Nations, his Master had abused his. The Duke of Savoy who kept a good Corres­pondence in England, and treated there about the Marriage of his Son, hoping that these two Kings being united together, would assist him much in obtaining the Crown, that had been propounded to him, interposed, and took much pains to reconcile them, since their differences were pro­duced on a very slight occasion.

The principal difficulty consisted in this Point, which of them should first send his Ambassador. The King al­ledged that since there was no compo­sition between the two Crowns touch­ing precedency, the English having [Page 120] always yielded it to the French, and the King of England having obliged his Majesty to recal his Agent, it be­longed to him to send his Ambassador first into France: The King of Eng­land did not dispute about the matter of Composition, but pretended that he had not treated the Agent of France after so rude a manner, that he ought to have withdrawn himself; that he was highly offended that his was sent back without any lawful Cause, and that this offence could not be redressed but by sending a French Ambassador to excuse it after the arrival of whom he would cause his to depart. At last it was agreed that the two Kings should nominate their respective Ambassa­dors, that the English should first pass over the Sea, and that as soon as he had given notice of his Arrival in France, the King should order his to set forward; the first being very active, made so great haste, that as soon as he landed in France, he tra­velled to the Court, and remained there some time before the later began his Journey.

[Page 121] An amicable Correspondence hath been since maintained between the two Crowns. The King of England upon the recommendation of our King did often mitigate and abate the ordi­nary rigorous proceedings against the Roman Catholicks in that Country: He was also very well pleased with the Propositions that were privately of­fer'd to him on behalf of his Majesty, tending to re-unite him to the bosom of the Church: insomuch, that after some reiterated Conferences that were managed to that effect in the King's Presence, without communicating any thing thereof in his Council, lest the effect being made known, should be obstructed or prevented, the Arch-Bishop of Embrun made a Voyage into England, as it were without any design, in the habit, and under the name of a Counsellor in the Parliament of Gre­noble, whom curiosity had induced to see England: he had no sooner set his foot on Land at Dover, but the Duke of Buckingham came to meet him, and having saluted him, whispered him thus in the Ear; Sir, You that call your self a Counsellor of Grenoble, being the [Page 122] Arch-Bishop of Embrun, are very wel­come into these Dominions: you need not change your Name, nor conceal your Qua­lity; for you shall receive nothing but Honour here, and especially from the King my Master, who hath a very par­ticular esteem for you. Indeed, the King of England treated him very honoura­bly, granted him several Favours in behalf of the Catholicks, and even permitted him to administer the Sa­crament of Confirmation to them in the House of the Ambassadour of France, where there was a great Court, the doors being open. There were near eighteen thousand persons that received this Sacrament, without ha­ving any thing said to them, in the Entry, at the Door, or elsewhere; al­though there was a great concourse of the English people in the street, that saw this Ceremony performed. Du­ring the time that he resided there, he had several Conferences with the King; who being satisfied as to all the points in Controversie, wrote a large Letter to the Pope, by a Catholick Gentleman his Subject, whom he privily sent to him on purpose, in which he [Page 123] acknowledged him as the Vicar Gene­ral of Jesus Christ on Earth, as the Universal Father of the Christians, and the chief of all Catholicks, assuring him, that after he had taken care of those things to which he had agreed, he would openly declare himself; in the mean time he promised not to suffer any search to be made in his Kingdom after Priests that were sent by his Holiness or the most Christian King, provided they were not Jesuits, in whom he protested that he could not confide for divers Reasons; prin­cipally because he accounted them as the Authors of the Gunpowder Trea­son, by which they had designed to blow him up as he sat in the Parlia­ment-House: In his Letter amongst other things, he entreated the Pope to vouchsafe that the Goods of the Church that were entred into the Pa­trimony of the principal Families of England should not be taken from them; but on the contrary, that they should be permitted to possess them, because otherwise great troubles and commotions would ensue; he affirm'd moreover, that nothing could detain [Page 124] him from making a publick Profession of the Catholick Religion immediate­ly, but the desire he had to gain the King of Denmark his Brother-in-law, whom he had to that end, but under another pretence, solicited to come over into England, where he hoped to convert him: that by doing this he should be able to establish peace in his Dominions, which otherwise could hardly be maintained; and that they two being joined together in the same design, would draw after them al­most all the Northern Countries: The Duke of Buckingham and the Gentle­man whom he sent to Rome, were the only persons that were his Subjects to whom he discoursed these Inten­tions: The Duke had promised to follow him, and indeed made a con­siderable progress therein; but the Death of King James that happened during this Negotiation prevented the effect, at which his Holiness and the King were very much troubled.

The King of Great Britain always shewed a great aversion to the design of the Prince Palatine his Son-in-law, and an extream desire to cause the [Page 125] Duke of Savoy to be made King of the Romans; he solicited M. Deageant du­ring his Employment at Court to en­deavour to incite the King to this, and to persuade him to make use of his In­terest with the Electoral Princes that were his Friends, as he intended to do with those that were his, promising also to raise Forces to assist him in his Election and Enstalment.

The Affairs of the Low Countries re­mained in their ordinary course: It is true indeed, that the Spaniards in Flan­ders had determined to renew an old Quarrel by digging a certain Channel over Calais, in those Lands that were in dispute between the two Estates; but the King oppos'd it, declaring that he would hinder the work by force of Arms: some Conferences were holden on this account by the neighbouring Officers on both sides, but they took no effect; however the Spaniards de­sisted from their Undertaking. The King of Sweden obtained leave of the King to levy certain French Troops for his Service, that were employed in the War, in which he was then en­gaged.

[Page 126] The Duke of Lorrain, who was as yet only Prince of Vaudemont, resided some time at Court, where he received all manner of demonstrations of the King's Favour and good Will, who defended him in a Quarrel that arose between him and the Count of Sois­sons, and took a particular care of all his Affairs; in somuch that when he proposed to marry the Heiress of Lor­rain, His Majesty afforded him his as­sistance, tho some were of a contrary Opinion: indeed no Opportunity was offered wherein he could oblige him, but he did it affectionately, being very much inclined to love him. How­ever, Divine Justice hath permitted him to be punished for his unparallel'd ingra­titude to the King almost assoon as he had arrived to the highest pitch of his power: The D. of Vaudemont his Father, who never was well affected to France, very early implanted the seeds of those pernicious Principles in his mind, that have since produced such bitter fruits in his Family, and have at last been the cause of its ruin.

As for the Affairs of Germany, when the King took on himself the Admini­stration [Page 127] of the Government of his Kingdom, they were sufficiently em­broiled; the two Parties, the Catho­lick and the Protestant, had already harassed one another in several places; the Duke of Bavaria hoped to attain to the Empire, being animated by the Counsel of the Jesuits, who to that end had advised him to engage in his Interest the principal Officers that had served the Emperour, and were lately disbanded; as also to cause all neces­sary provisions to be made for the execution of this Design. The Prince Palatine on the other side, being ex­cited by his own Ambition, and by the greatest part of the Protestants, and very much importuned by the Duke of Bouillon, suffered himself to be de­coyed with the same project of aspiring to the Empire, and prosecuted it vigo­rously: Both Parties seeing France en­joying a profound Peace, and their King ready to mount on Horse-back, to turn the Scales to the side that he should think fit to favour, diligently sought to make an Alliance with him: The King's Council was divided there­upon; some thought it convenient that [Page 128] he should promote the Enterprise of the Duke of Bavaria, nevertheless without declaring it openly: Others on the contrary, were of Opinion that he ought to remain Neuter, and with the Forces that he had in the Field to march towards Metz, that appear­ing formidable to both Parties, he might be ready to lay hold on all ad­vantages that should be offered, which consisted amongst other things in counter-ballancing the House of Au­stria, that apparently designed to exalt it self to the detriment of all the Po­tentates of Europe; and in case matters should be disposed to a Peace, in endea­vouring to become Arbitrator thereof.

Moreover, there happened another occasion that required the King's Pre­sence at Metz, an Information had been given of the secret Correspon­dence between M. d'Espernon and the Queen-Mother, that was at last made manifest by her departure from Blois: It was known also that the Duke of Bouillon had promised to join with that Party, and that under colour of forti­fying the Garrison of Metz, he intend­ed to cause Soldiers to be admitted [Page 129] therein, to the end that in the midst of the Combustions that he saw were ready to break forth, with the assi­stance of them and some other Inhabi­tants that were at his Devotion, he might attempt to make himself Master of the place, to annex it to the Prin­cipality of Sedan; insomuch that the King to secure this City, and to rescue it from the power of those that were very industrious in strengthening them­selves in their Conspiracies against him, was resolved to proceed to the execution of an infallible Enterprise, that had been projected at that time when M. d'Espernon began first to be suspected; in order to the performance of which, certain Troops were quar­tered near that City under another pretence. This Stratagem was then very privately managed, for the King and one of his Privy Counsellors were only privy to it, his Majesty not being willing to discover it even to M. de Luines; Because (said he) he knew not how to keep a Secret.

Amongst the Nobility that adhered to the Factions that were raised in the Kingdom under the name of the [Page 130] Queen-Mother, endeavours were used to introduce the whole Body, or at least the principal Members of the Profes­sors of the Reformed Religion, who were always very watchful to take advantages upon any dissention in the State. This was the cause that detained the King in Paris or the places adja­cent, and prevented his Journey to Metz, fearing lest the Incendiaries should grow more numerous and potent in his absence

The Artifices of those that favored these Conspiracies, and others that made use of them to ruin M. de Luines, and to get into his place, prevailed so far over him as to persuade him to be­lieve, that every thing that was told him concerning them, was frivolous and that there were no such Plots in Agitation: Insomuch, that ten days before the Queen-Mother went from Blois, M. Deageant, who (as hath been said) had no share in the transaction of Affairs, but remained as yet in Paris, according to the desire of M. du Luines, having brought to him an In­formation that he had received from a Gentleman of good Credit, con­cerning [Page 131] the design of this departure, and the manner how it was to be per­formed; he despised it, saying it was a Dream and a Chimera: However, M. Deageant failed not after four days were passed to give him a new Ac­count, that came from another person of Quality his intimate Friend, and one that was very well affected to the King's Service, who had hearkened to the Enterprise, with an intent ra­ther to be serviceable in revealing it, than to do any mischief: But M. du Luines treated him in this Rencounter, after the same manner as he had done in the preceeding, being possessed with an Opinion that had been wrought on his mind, that Deageant had invented this piece of News to procure some advantage to himself, and to endeavour by this means to recover his favour. M. Deageant had a just cause to be offended, if his affection to his Master's service, and to the par­ticular welfare of M. de Luines, with whom he had lived in strict Amity, had not restrained him; but preferring his Duty before any other resentment, he insisted as much as possibly he [Page 132] could, to persuade him to advise the King to prevent (as he might easily do) an action that would infallibly kindle a Civil War; but perceiving that he could not convince him of the Truth of this Relation, he urged him at least for his own Security to propound it to the Council that was to be assembled at that very hour, because otherwise the Counsellors themselves would be the first that should accuse him of Neg­ligence, in case the Enterprize should take effect. He promised to do it, and at the breaking up of this Council that was holden at Paris, he told him that all the Ministers were imposed on in this matter, and that they ought not to be any longer amuzed thereby.

The Gentleman that had sent the se­cond Advice, seeing that it was not re­garded, and being credibly informed of the resolution that was taken for the departure of the Queen-Mother from the Castle of Blois, with the Retinue, Order, Manner and other particular Circumstances of the Action, rode Post himself, to give a certain account there­of, thinking that his Words would be more prevalent than his Letters: He [Page 133] arrived on the Thursday preceeding the above-mentioned Departure. M. Deageant brought him to St. Ger­main, whither the King was gone to divert himself for some Days with Walking, and presented him before M. de Luines, who would not so much as hear him, altho he offered to under­goe any Punishment that should be in­flicted on him, if he could not justify every Particular that he had averred.

The Truth soon appeared, for on the Saturday following, about three of the Clock in the Afternoon, the Sieur de Prè, a Gentleman that belonged to the King, and had a House at Blois, brought the News that between Fri­day Night and Saturday Morning the Queen-Mother was removed after the same manner as had been described to M. de Luines, who was now very much perplexed, being sensible that this De­vice was principally contrived against him; and that the Ministers of State, and the most part of the other Persons that had disswaded him from hearken­ing to this Advice, did not bear that cordial and sincere Affection to him as he imagined. It is also certain that [Page 134] some desired to see the Queen invested with the full Authority that she had formerly enjoyed at Court, provided that they might rule under her Name, as they hoped to do; and that others earnestly expected some Change in hopes to advance their Fortune, there being very few that preferred the Kings Interest and the common Good of the State, before their own private Gain. Upon these Considerations M. de Luines began to acknowledg the Damage that had accrued to the King's Affairs, and to himself in parti­cular, by being so easily induced to withdraw M. Deageant from the trans­acting of publick Negociations, and took a Resolution on this occasion to re-establish him; but having discoursed with him touching his Intentions; he excused himself altogether, as he often did afterwards, when he caused him to be solicited by divers worthy Per­sons, some of whom are yet living: however he promised that he would never refuse to serve him in particular on any occasion, when it should lye in his power, as he did very advantage­ously even in the accommodation be­tween [Page 135] the King and the Queen his Mo­ther.

On Sunday Morning the King re­turned to Paris, and caused his Coun­cil to be assembled to consult what was to be done in this Conjuncture. It was resolved that forasmuch as this was the first considerable Enterprize that he had undertaken since he had taken up­on himself the absolute Government of his Kingdom, to come off honour­ably and to strike a terrour into the Hearts of the Rebels, he ought to raise a great Army, and to appear himself at the Head thereof: That it was ne­cessary to this end to levy about an hundred thousand Men, to be employ­ed in securing the Provinces, and that the greatest part of the Army that was to be commanded by his Majesty in Person, should immediately go and be­siege the Place where the Queen and her Abettors should be retired. Of all these Forces, only fifteen hundred Men under the Command of M. du Maine were allotted to preserve Guienne, tho that Province was most to be feared, by reason of the Corre­spondence that the Queen-Mother and [Page 136] M. d'Espernon had therein at that time, more than in any other of the King­dom.

The King would not declare his O­pinion in this Council, but making a shew to all that were then present, that he approved their Advice, he re­solved to examine this Affair privately and more exactly than he had done, and to find out better Expedients than those that had been esteemed as the most safe. His Majesty was very sen­sible that they that had made this Overture, had Intentions that were not conformable to his; for (as he as­terwards expressed his Mind to one of his Counsellors) if he had consented to act according to this Determination, he would thereby have given time and means to a growing Party to advance, and to become so powerful that it would be an exceeding difficult matter to subdue them; in regard the full term of six Months would be expired before Provision could be made to be­gin to levy the Forces that were agreed upon, there being then no Cash in the Treasury, nor any way to raise such considerable Sums, but by issuing out [Page 137] new Edicts that must be enrolled in the Sovereign Courts, which would be an Undertaking of no small consequence, and could not easily be performed: thus the whole Year would be passed before this vast Army could be in a condition to march into the Field, and the Sum­mer being spent in making Levies, and the Winter drawing near, the King would be forced either to treat, or to disband part of his Troops, or at least to put them in Garrisons, and perhaps might be perplexed in taking other Measures, to furnish a new supply of Money to maintain them, or to prepare them for action against the next Spring. In the mean time, it is not to be ima­gined that the Ring-leaders of the Fa­ction, whose Fingers already itched to venture on some Attempt, would re­main idle, or would let slip so fair an opportunity to take all manner of Ad­vantages. Upon these and several o­ther Considerations that his Majesty often revolved in his Mind, on this oc­casion, he took a resolution at last to try another Method, viz. to endea­vour speedily to procure an Accommo­dation with the Queen his Mother, by [Page 138] offering to her reasonable Satisfaction, and such as might consist with the Safe­ty of the Kingdom; nevertheless, without neglecting the means, readily to put himself into such a state as to be able to maintain his Authority by force of Arms, in case necessity requi­red it; but he intended to do this after another manner altogether different from that which had been concluded in the Council: For instead of that great Army that he was advised to command in Person, he purposed to make use of M. du Maine Governour of Guienne, who at that time was ve­ry well affected to his Majesties Inte­rest, and had a great Antipathy against the Queen-Mother, from whom he had received an Injury, and against M. d'Espernon, that had molested him in his Government. The King had deter­mined to send him Commissions imme­diately to raise an Army of fifteen thousand Men upon his own Credit, ex­pecting till the necessary Sums of Mo­ney could be returned, with Orders to march near the Place where the princi­pal Forces of the Confederates should be posted, to the end that they might [Page 139] shut them up so close that they might not be able to extend or disperse them­selves further; and that by this Dili­gence those might be restrained that should attempt to join their Party. But because M. d'Espernon was the only Person, amongst the Nobility of the Kingdom, that had appeared in this Design, his Majesty resolved to take away from him the means of prosecu­ting it, by seizing on the Places of which he was Governour, and that might make any considerable Re­sistance.

Before the Departure of the Queen-Mother from Blois, the King upon the advice that he had received concern­ing the practises of the Duke of Esper­non, had already secretly secured Xaintes and Boulongne; and had heark­ened to a Proposal that some of the In­habitants of Metz had made to him in order to the taking of the City, and to another that a private Person had offered to surprize the Citadel; both these Projects seemed to be infallible, therefore his Majesty had under a cer­tain Pretence, commanded about three [Page 140] thousand five hundred Men to advance that Way, as hath been above-menti­oned: and had taken a Resolution to go in Person at the head of his Troops to see these Enterprizes performed; but to prevent all Suspicion he designed to go with great expedition to the place where the Queen his Mother had retired, and to send his Messengers be­fore, to give the necessary Orders at Paris: But instead of taking this Road, feigning to have received an Informa­tion at Night, that obliged him speedi­ly to repair to the Frontiers of Cham­pagne, he would turn short and march directly to Metz; he considered that in taking possession of this City, and on the other side in causing M. du Maine to block up Angoulesme, that was the only Place that was secured for M d'Es­pernon, and into which he foresaw that the Queen his Mother might be con­veyed; he would soon compel him to submit to his Clemency. Besides this, his Majesty judged that his appearing at Metz with an Army, would pro­cure him other Advantages amongst the German Princes, that all had an Eye upon him as being able to turn the [Page 141] Ballance of their Affairs; as it hath been above observed.

The King having made these Prepa­rations for his Journey, without wait­ing for Money to be raised by way of Edict, as had been proposed to him, took up certain Sums upon his own Credit at Paris to defray the most ne­cessary and urgent Expences; and made a shew as if he intended to follow the Advice of his Counsellors, except­ing in two Particulars; one was, That M. du Maine ought to be furnished with a greater Army than was agreed upon, in regard that he was to sustain the principal weight of the War; and the other, That he thought fit to ap­point Commissioners to treat with the Queen. His Majesty sent M. de Schom­berg to his Government of la Marche, with Orders to assemble his Tenants and Vassals, to endeavour to seize on Luzarche that was in the Possession of M. d'Espernon, and to take care to keep all that Province within the bounds of their Duty: on the other side, he pressed M. du Maine to hasten his Levies, to march with the Forces that he had already got together, and [Page 142] to encamp before Angoulesme, into which City, his Majesty was lately in­formed that the Queen his Mother and M. d'Espernon had retreated.

The Male-contents were not a little surprized to see all these Commands no sooner given but performed, and under­stood that the King managed his Affairs after another manner than they imagi­ned, or at least otherwise than some that were near him had persuaded them to believe; insomuch that they were glad to hear of the Embassy that was prepared to be sent to the Queen-Mother tending to an Accommodation, and hoped that these things that they could not obtain by Force, would be in part granted in the Treaty, promising themselves much from the favour of some of the Ministers of State, and from the Weakness and Indiscretion of the others. But the King perceiving that his Service was not performed as it ought to be, not by reason of any connivance or default of the Cardinal of Rochefoucaut and of M. de Bethunes, whom he had deputed as Commis­sioners, but through the Artifices of some of those that managed the Dis­patches; [Page 143] cast his Eyes upon M. de Be­rulle, chief of the Fathers of the Ora­tory, whom he knew to be in good repute with the Queen his Mother, as also with M. d'Espernon, and employed him secrerly to treat with the Queen; to this end his Majesty caused the Me­morials that were prepared in the Council to be brought to him, as it were to be perused by the Commissio­ners, and commanded M. Deageant to draw up certain particular Instructi­ons, by the means of which and of se­veral other Dispatches, and after ma­ny Messages too and fro, the accommo­dation was at last agreed upon, through the mediation of the said Sieur de Be­rulle, who afterwards communicated his Negotiation to the Commissioners.

During these Transactions there were many Letters written on both sides, and divers Actions happened, on which I shall not insist, because they are commonly known, and have been men­tioned by several Writers: I shall only add, that the King having declared to M. de Luines the Project concerning Metz that he had devised without him, because (as his Majesty had said) he [Page 144] could not keep a Secret, he acquainted a certain Person with it, who having discovered it to the Cardinal of Guise, he speedily gave notice thereof to M. de Valette, whom his Father had left to command in Metz; he immediately caused all the Inhabitants to be disar­med, the greatest part of whom were privy to the Design: However they had foreseen this Accident, and had provided a Magazine of Arms, that they kept in a private place; insomuch that notwithstanding their being disar­med, one of those that managed the Enterprize, came and told the King, that if it pleased his Majesty to cause it to be put in Execution, they had still sufficient means left by which they could infallibly make themselves Ma­sters of the City; and the Person that undertook the Affair of the Citadel as­sured him also on his behalf, that it might be easily accomplished: but as the King was just ready to depart on his Journey, he was informed by a Courier sent on purpose, that the se­cret Magazine of Arms of the Inhabi­tants was discovered, that they were taken from them, and that the Garison [Page 145] was re-enforc'd after such a manner, that it would be very difficult, if not impossible, to cause this Design to take effect. It was known that the second disarming proceeded from the same original as the first, which obliged his Majesty, according to the advice of some of his particular Servants, principally to incline to an Acccom­modation, since it was apparent from the premises, that if he design'd to engage in war, he would not be so faithfully served therein as he expect­ed.

But because M. de Berulle in his Negociation, met with new difficul­ties every day, proceeding from the artifice of the Abbot of Roucelay, and some others that had obtained credit with the Queen, since the departure of his Eminency, the King took a re­solution to recall him: the Jealousie of the Ministers of State had caus­ed him to retire to Avignon, being enjoyned not to stir from thence without his Majesty's Order, who was not ignorant that they would use their utmost efforts to hinder his Re­establishment; therefore he thought [Page 146] fit to employ M. Deageant alone in the affair, whom he commanded to compose a Letter, which his Majesty sign'd, and added four or five lines with his own Hand; the Tenor of which was, That he acknowledg'd, that the Cardinal during his residence with the Queen his Mother had by his wholesome Admonitions and prudent Conduct, gained an Influence over her Mind, and had respectively served their Majesties, by frustrating all the At­temps that were made to encrease their differences, that he earnestly desired to see him with her again, to give her better Counsel than that which was continually suggested to her; and to that end he exhorted him by the Affection that he alwaies bore to the Wellfare of their Majesties and the State, to appear speedily before the Queen, and to endeavour to make her sensible of the great Inclination he had to honour her, and to give her all the satisfaction that she could reasona­bly expect; since he never had any In­tention to the contrary. This Letter was deliver'd to M. du Tremblay, the Governer of the Bastille, with a pass­port [Page 147] importing a command to all, to permit him to pass freely, as also the Horse-men that were ordered to con­duct him from Provence to Court, with a Prohibition, forbidding any to mo­lest them, or so much as to enquire who they were.

Notwithstanding this Pass-port, M. d'Alincourt, who very well knew the temper of the Ministers, to some of whom he was allied, and doubting lest this Journey should be made with­out their advice, thought fit to stop his Eminency at Lyons, till he had re­ceived other express order from the King: But when he had shown him the very Letter that he had written to him, in which he saw his Majesty's Hand, he excused himself, and set his Emi­nency at liberty, insomuch that in a few days he arrived at Angoulesme, where all manner of Artifices were practised, to cause him to be sus­pected by the Queen-Mother: But at last yielding to the sincerity of his Counsels and Actions, being also as­sur'd elsewhere by M. de Berulle, that she ought not to expect that the diffe­rence could be compos'd, unless she [Page 148] re-established him in the same favour and credit to which she had formerly admited him, and seeing herself in a condition to be compell'd e're long to submit to any Law that should be im­posed on her, the Party to whom she had adhered, not being able to pro­tect her, nor to rescue her from the Troubles, and unhappy Circumstances wherein they had involved her, she resolved to banish them from her Presence, and freely to entertain his Eminency, who delayed not to find out expedients to remove the difficul­ties that obstructed the Accommoda­tion, which was at last concluded as hath been above related.

Upon the Notice that M. d'Alin­court had sent by the Post to one of the Ministers concerning his Eminen­cy's Journey, and the Memorials that were delivered to him, his Letter was read in the Council of the Dis­patches, where the matter was ag­gravated after such a manner, that the Counsellers, the Secretaries of State, and those of the King's Cabi­net were engaged in it, with an in­tent to excite them all against M. [Page 149] Deageant, whom they knew that his Majesty had employed on this occa­sion: The Chancellor was desired to discourse with him somewhat sharply about it for two ends; one was to cause him to disapprove his Eminen­cy's Journey, and to advise him to banish him to Rome: the other to perswade him to abandon M. Dea­geant, who was represented to him as guilty of High-Treason against the State, in performing this piece of Ser­vice. At the breaking up of the Coun­cil of the Dispatches, the Ministers being departed into the King's Closet, the Chancellor began to speak on the subject of his Commission, saying that the Lords of the Council haveing de­liberately considered the contents of M. d'Alincourt's Letter, had judg­ed that he that had induced his Ma­jesty to consent to his Eminency's Journey, and had prepared the Dis­patch, deserved immediately to be sent to the Galleys, without any form of Process or Tryal: But the King in­terrupting him declar'd, that all the Proceedings in that Affair, were direct­ed according to his order, and for his [Page 150] service, and forbad any mention to be made thereof to him for the future, under the penalty of his High Dis­pleasure; insomuch that none durst persist in importuning him at that time. It is true indeed, that nothing was omitted that might incline M. de Luines to suspect this Action, from whom the King had dextrously and prudently conceal'd it, till it was ac­complished; and to incite him with­out further delay to destroy, or at least to banish M. Deageant for ever from the Court, since it was apparent that although he was removed from the Council, and from the transaction of Affairs, nevertheless he desisted not from undertaking those of the greatest Importance, without giving him the lest account thereof. From that very time the Prosecutions that had been raised against him were continually promoted, and never ceas­ed since, tho he retired as far as pos­sibly he could, and demeaned himself with the greatest Integrity.

M. de Luines was also disposed to gratify the Ministers in this respect, but he forbore to use his utmost efforts [Page 151] till the Treaty was concluded with the Queen-Mother, in which he was serviceable to him, even as to his own particular; for asmuch as it had been made appear to him by certain Memorials, and by a Dispatch sent by some of the Counsellers that was in­tercepted, that they endeavoured to procrastinate this Treaty, till they had found out some means to procure his ruin and disgrace, whom they strove to render odious to her Majesty.

During this Treaty, the Prince so­licited more earnesly than he had hi­therto done to be released from Bois de Vincennes, where he was confin'd; fearing lest if the Queen, who had caus­ed him to be apprehended, should be near the King, she might also give order for his Banishment. The Queen on the other side, understanding the Inclination of the Court to grant the Prince's request, was apt to to believe that if he were dismissed, he might oppose the Treaty, and prevent her Return to his Majesty. Moreover that which encreased her suspicion was the extraordinary kindness that M. de Luines and his Brothers openly pro­fessed [Page 152] for the Prince, being allur'd by the fair promises that he had made to them, and by the Marriage of his Sister, the Widow of the deceased Prince of Orange with the younger, at present Duke of Chaunes; inso­much that the Queen sent a message to the King by M. de Berulle, to in­treat him that the Prince should not be set at Liberty, till she had repre­sented to him by word of Mouth the reason, that had induced her to con­sent to his Imprisonment; to which she declar'd, that she was not excit­ed by any private Animosity or Pas­sion, but only by the great desire she had to preserve his Majesty's Authori­ty, which was now so well establish­ed, that there was no ground or fear lest any one should presume to make an attempt against it. The King had determined long ago to release the Prince, and had not deferred it, only to maintain his Royal Power, and to avoid an occasion of offending the Queen his Mother; his Intention be­ing to take the first opportunity that should be offered, to compose the difference between them, and by this [Page 153] means to remove every thing that might disturb the Peace of his King­dom. To this purpose, his Majesty caused the Prince to be inform'd, that he was willing to give him satisfacti­on, but that for the advantage of his Affairs, it was necessary for him pa­tiently to wait till the Treaty should be concluded with the Queen his Mo­ther; and that his liberty should be obtained through his Mediation, be­cause he desir'd to reconcile them: He also promised to the Queen, by Letters and by M. de Berulle, that the Prince should not be acquitted but up­on her instance, and after she had been with him: this was again confirm'd by other Letters, and (as I think) by one of the private Articles of the Treaty.

Thereupon, the Queen being assur'd of the Accomplishment of the Pro­mises that had been made to her, traveled from Angoulesme to Tours, where it was agreed that she should go to meet the King, who was ready to receive her with all the Demon­strations of joy and respect that can be imagined; but before he proceeded, he sent M. de Luines to congratulate her, [Page 154] at a House two or three miles distant from Tours; where after mutual Com­pliments they fell into discourse, and M. de Luines declared to her Maiesty, that the King had commanded him to acquaint her, that he had granted to the Prince his Liberty: She was surpriz'd at this word, and believed that since they began so soon to act contrary to what had been promised, they design'd to treat her otherwise than she expected, and to set up the Prince in opposition to her; insomuch that retiring into her Chamber, she disclosed her mind to some of her Friends, and demanded of them whe­ther she should turn back again by the same way that she came; they re­plyed that she was too far advanced, and though she was never so desirous to retreat, yet she could not, since she was surrounded on all sides with the King's Forces, and had nothing in possession but the House, therefore she ought to run the hazard, and to ap­pear with a stern Countenance, and an undaunted Courage.

This Rencounter being soon made known to the vigilant Spies of the [Page 155] Court, they inferred from thence, that the good Correspondence be­tween their Majesties would not be of long duration, and that the jealou­sy and mistrust, with which the Queen-Mother was possessed, would oblige her to raise another Faction: The Male­contents excited her to it from the very first day that she appeared at Court; and perceiving that M. du Main, who was come to see the King, and expected at his arrival to be re­ceived with extraordinary Caresses, for the many signal Services that he performed in the Conjuncture, was very much dissatisfied at the coolness and indifferency, with which M. de Luines entertained him; as also the Nobility that were with him, and that had assisted him, immediately took that opportunity to attack him on the weak side, and to engage him in the party of the Queen, that daily en­creased after this manner; till at last the Animosities broke forth in a se­cond taking up of Arms, that might have been foreseen and prevented if due care had been taken, and, if the greater part of those, in whom M. de [Page 156] Luines confided, had not been more industrious in promoting his Ruin than his continuance in Favour and Repu­tation.

It hath been already observed that M. de Luines, though he withdrew his Affection from M. Deageant, and re­moved him from the Council, and from his Employment, had neverthe­less entreated him not to retire from Court, till the Treaty with the Queen-Mother, in which he was very ser­viceable to him for the reasons above produced, should be finished. More­over the Ministers could never for­give him the Trespass that he had commited against them, in his un­dertaking at the return of his Emi­nency. Father Arnoux the King's Confesser, having obtained a share in the dispatching of publick Negocia­tions, thought that he could not be well setled therein as long as Dea­geant remained at Court; therefore he became one of his most violent and powerful Persecuters. And M. de Luines was perswaded that he was enlightned from above, especially as to what concerned the Transaction [Page 157] of the Affairs of State. These potent Adversaries being animated with en­vy and jealousy, together with seve­ral others that compared Deageant to the Gardiner's Dog, and were desir­ous to see him altogether discharged, hoping to reap some advantage there­by, at last obliged M. de Luines to resolve on the next day after the ar­rival of the Queen-Mother, to cause M. de Luxemberg his Brother, to tell him ruggedly enough, that he should retire into Dauphine with such orders as he should prescribe to him: for he had in the preceeding Evening re­presented to the King, that he was of opinion, that his Meditation with M. de Lesdiguieres was very necessary at that time, to engage him in his Majesty's Service, and to prevent him from adhereing to the Factions of those of the Reformed Religion, that were then very predominant. The Ministers and others, according to whose advice M. de Luines acted in this respect in the Council that was holden that day, and afterwards in private, had intimated to his Ma­jesty the great danger that was rea­dy [Page 158] to hang over their heads by the means of M. de Lesdiguiers, and had often suggested to him, that in case he should take part with the Pro­testants, as he seemed to be inclin'd to it, he would be able to weigh down the Ballance, and to overturn the whole Kingdom, and that they knew no other Expedient by which he might be secured, but through the Intercession of M. Deageant, in whom he very much confided. This pretence was made use of, in hopes that they might thereby prevail with the King to con­sent to his Banishment, which all their Artifices, Insinuations and ill Offices could never as yet procure: M. Dea­geant was not so hated, but that he had some Friends left in the Council and near his Majesty, that discover'd the fraud to him which he already acknowledged, as being visible e­nough. Nevertheless not to diminish (as perhaps he might have done) the Reputation and Grandeur of M. de Luines, with whom he had lived in strict amity, and that had very late­ly protested to him, that he should alwaies esteem him as a fourth Bro­ther, [Page 159] he disposed himself to yield to that which was required of him, and so much the more willingly, in regard that he had never coveted great Em­ployments, and because he judged that in this that was proposed to him, though it were only a pretence, yet he might take an occasion to perform good Service, as it afterwards hap­pened.

The most part of those that were not concerned in the Conspiracy that was formed against him, seeing him depart from the Court in their Maje­sty's Favour, caressed and comple­mented by almost all the Grandees, Favourites and Ministers, without be­ing charged with any Misdemeanour or Default, accounted his Removing to be feigned and affected; however it was well, and although to obtain it they had made use of a colour at pleasure, nevertheless Divine Provi­dence, that usually disposeth matters to an end altogether different from that which is intended by men, extra­cted sweet fruits from this bitter root to the benefit of the Church and State; for it is most certain, and it may be [Page 160] averred without vanity, that he found means to be very instrumental in the Conversion of M. de Lesdiguieres. The King had given him a Letter of Cre­dit very express and written with his own Hand to M. de Lesdiguiers, and M. de Luines had also done the like with a charge to use his utmost efforts to hinder him from joyning with the Factions, and to endeavour to oblige him to take a resolution to embrace the Catholick Religion, under an assu­rance, that if he did so, the King would bestow upon him the Office of Constable of France, that should be renewed to this end.

M. Deageant encouraged in this Commission by the happy success that attends all his Majesties good incli­nations, and incited by the extreme Affection that he always bore to his Service, being arrived in Dauphine, used all means that he judged pro­per to satisfy his Desires and Com­mands, and by certain Springs and Methods, the rehearsal of which would be too tedious, he wrought such an Impression in a little time on the mind of M. de Lesdiguieres, even beyond [Page 161] what was expected, that he obtained a promise of him that he would com­municate to him all the Dispatches and all the verbal Propositions that should be proposed to him by those of the Reformed Religion, and would re­turn no Answer to them but by his Advice, insomuch that he oftentimes prepared the Original Acts; which succeeded amongst other Occurren­cies, very profitably in the Deputa­tion that the General Assembly of the Protestants at Loudren sent to him, with the consent of the Noble-men and principal Officers, offering to make him Generalissimo of all their Forces, and promising to furnish him with an Army of Twenty Thousand men, and with a Sallary of One Hundred Thou­sand Crowns per annum, the payment of which should be secured to him in any Protestant City of Europe that he should chuse: For instead of ac­cepting the Proposals he protested by word of mouth to the Deputies, and by a Letter to the Assembly, that he was resolved to remain in his Maje­sty's Service; and that if they did not behave themselves as they ought, [Page 162] and as he exhorted them, since they had no Lawful Grounds to take up Arms, he would make use of all that was in his power to reduce them to Reason, and to maintain his Maje­sty's Authority; but if they would hearken to better Counsel than that to which he saw them inclined, and would return to their Duty, he would en­deavour to obtain of the Kings Gene­rosity, all that they could in reason expect; offering to take a Journy to Court to this purpose, in case they desired it. Furthermore after some Conferences that were adjusted by M. Deageant touching certain Points of Controversy, on which M. de Les­diguieres chiefly insisted, he gained a promise from him to be converted, and that in so doing, he would put out of all the Places that he possessed in Dauphine and out of Villemur near Thoulouse, the Governer and Soul­diers of the Protestant Religion, whom he had established therein and would for the future admit none but Catho­licks, to such Offices and into his House: But forasmuch as he knew that there were in those Places and near [Page 163] his Person a considerable number of Servants very zealous in their Per­swasion, that might undertake some Attempt against him, if they should smell out his Design, he desired that it might be kept secret, till his Maje­sty should think it convenient for him to make open Profession of the Ca­tholick Religion; at which time he should have prepared all things re­quisite for the securing of the Pro­vince: M. Deageant having confirmed him in this Resolution, and perceiving that he studied by what means he should effect it, gave notice thereof to the King and to M. de Luines, and by his Dispatches enjoyned Secrecy, as absolutely necessary in this Affair, and so much urged by M. de Lesdi­guieres, that he had declared, that unless it were carefully observed he would proceed no further: When this Dispatch was brought to the Court; the King shewed an extreme satisfaction therein, and was pleased to write to M. Deageant, as also did M. de Luines, that he had performed a signal piece of Service; but that his Majesty judged that the Conver­sion [Page 164] of M. de Luines ought to be de­ferred for some time, because he in­tended to employ him in procuring the Separation of the Assembly of Lou­dren, foreseeing that their long Con­sultations would produce some sud­den Commotion.

To this end the King wrote to him, ordering him to repair to the Court with all possible diligence, and requi­red M. Deageant to accompany him. But as soon as the Protestants in Dau­phine, that endeavoured to divert him from his Majesty's Service and to en­gage him in the Faction, understood his Resolutions, and saw that he con­tinually preached to them nothing but Obedience to their Sovereign's Commands, they devised an Artifice to cause him to distrust and to hinder the prosecution of his intended Jour­ney. A certain Gentleman amongst them visited his Kinsman and Neigh­bour being a Catholick and a Person of Quality, and having bound him with an Oath to keep secret whatso­ever he should discover to him, and to be content only to provide for the Safety of his own Family, he feigned [Page 165] that the Grandees of the Reformed Religion in that Country being assisted with those of Vivarez and Sevennes had conspired to massacre the Catholicks of Dauphine, and to begin with the Nobility; and that to prefix the time and to give the necessary Orders, an Assembly was to be holden upon such a day and in such a place, in which he should be present; adding that M. de Lesdiguieres consented to it, who judged that this effusion of Bloud was requisite to make himself absolute Ma­ster of Dauphine; that all the fair words that he had given to M. Deageant, and all the appearances of Affection that he shewed to his Majesty's Ser­vice, were only so many pretences to cover his design; and the better to co­lour this invention, the Hugonot Gen­tlemen perswaded his Catholick Kins­man firmly to believe that this Con­vention was certainly to meet, after the same manner as he had informed him.

The Authours of this Contrivance, imagined that the promised Secrecy would not be observed, as indeed they intended that it should not, and [Page 166] doubted not but that the Catholick Gentleman would immediately com­municate what he had heard to a competent number of the most emi­nent Persons amongst the Catholicks, who would infallibly assemble toge­ther to take proper measures for their own security, without acquainting M. de Lesdiguieres, who was repre­sented as privy to the Conspiracy. The Protestant Gentleman, that had given this false Information, from that time narrowly wathed all the Actions and Journeys of his Kinsman and of the other Catholick Gentlemen, to whom he thought that the Affair would be disclosed that he might learn where their Assembly should be gathered together; and might instant­ly give notice thereof to M. de Les­diguieres declaring to him that it was determined that as soon as he was arrived at Paris, the Catholicks should take up Arms, should fall upon the Protestants, and should attempt to seize on the Places that were in his Possession, being assured that the King's intention was to cause him to be sent Prisoner to the Bastille. They [Page 167] hoped by this Device to prevent his Journey, and to strike two strokes at once; one of which was that M. de Lesdiguieres taking no care to disperse the Assembly of Loudren, it might still subsist, and might make Prepa­rations for a War, which was the chief aim of these Incendiaries; and the other, that acting contrary to the King's Commands and to the Pro­mise that he had made to go to the Court, he might be suspected by his Majesty, and that from thence Jea­lousies might be raised and fomented on both sides, which might give them an opportunity afterwards easily to make him sensible, that his Preserva­tion absolutely depended on his Uni­on with the Party in which he had advanced his Fortune: their Design was also to endeavour to exasperate him so far against the Catholicks un­der the pretence of their above men­tioned Convention, that he might pro­ceed to treat them severely, which might be the occasion of the begin­ning of those Commotions that they so fervently desired.

[Page 168] Many of the principal Catholick Gentlemen, that were advertised of the Information that was given by the Protestant Gentlemen, met at Valenti­nois, under colour of a visit, to con­sult together: The Conclusion of their Debates was only this, that every one in particular should use all possible diligence to penetrate into the De­sign, and if there was any probability thereof, that they should give notice one to another; that they might re­assemble in greater numbers, and ad­vise concerning the means that should be judged most proper for their Pre­servation: but in the mean time, that they should be always vigilant with­out making any shew of the least su­spicion. During these Transactions the Hugonot Gentleman, who was very industrious in laying hold on an op­portunity to palliate his deceit, took four ot five Persons of different con­ditions, but of the same Religion, whom he caused to observe this As­sembly, and went with them imme­diately to acquaint M. de Lesdiguieres, naming to him all those that had been seen going to and fro, and urg­ing [Page 169] all the Arguments that he could invent, to inspire him with Jealousie, and to make his asseverations appear to him as true, according to his pre­meditated project: which hath been above related.

This Plot was so artificially con­triv'd, that M. de Lesdiguieres, giving credit to the report of the Protestant Gentleman that managed it, resolved not to depart, but to stand on his guard, and to take care of his own Affairs, being confirmed in the Reso­lution by divers Letters, that were written to him from the Court, im­porting that he was summoned thither only to be taken Prisoner. M. Deageant, who did not forsake him, seeing him extreamly pensive, and perceiving that the Zealots of the Faction, that a little before appeared with a sad dejected Countenance, because they could not engage M. de Lesdiguieres in the Rebellion, began to prick up their Ears, to speak haughtily and openly to scoff at him, judged that some evil Genius had obstructed his Negociation: But to find out the truth of the matter, he accosted M. [Page 170] de Lesdiguieres, declaring that he was very sorry to see him so much op­pressed with Melancholy, and that he concealed the cause from him, fear­ing lest he should distrust his Con­duct: nevertheless he solemnly pro­tested to him, that he had never fail­ed to demonstrate the sincerity of the Affection that he had professed to him; and that if any had perswaded him to the contrary, and had wrought an ill Impression on his mind with re­spect to the King, he could easily re­solve his Doubts, and remove all Scru­ples and Suspicions, entreating him moreover to consider that the great number of envious Persons, that could not endure to see him so far advanced in his Majesty's Esteem and Favor, would leave no stone unturned to cause him to fall from thence, and to involve him in the mischiess that usually attend popular Tumults and In­surrections. But on whatsoever side M. Deageant turned himself, it was im­possible to extort any thing from him, but that he laboured under certain Distempers of old Age that irritated [Page 171] his Spirits, and caus'd him to be thus disturbed.

M. Deageant had some time ago, gained a Minister of the Province of Languedoc, who was one of the chief Agents in the Affairs and Conspira­cies of the Protestants, and very much esteemed by M. de Lesdiguieres: he had also secretly procur'd his Con­version, and obtained a Brief from Rome, the Tenor of which was, That although he were received into the Bosom of the Church, yet he was permitted to continue the exercise of his Ministerial Function amongst the Protestants for the space of three years, provided he delivered nothing in his Sermons contrary to the true Catholick Faith, and did not admini­ster the Sacrament of the Lord's Sup­per. This Brief was granted, that the Minister might remain in his Em­ployment, and might discover the Plots that were contrived in the Kingdom, in which Office he per­formed very remarkable Services. M. Deageant had divers Letters from those that manag'd the Transactions at the Court, that they had no bet­ter [Page 172] nor more certain Intelligence concerning the Proceedings of the Protestants, than that which he had given them, and which he had re­ceived partly from M. de Lesdiguieres, but more from this Minister, and se­veral others with whom he kept a Corresponcence; therefore he sent for him, and exhorted him to enquire as well amongst the most active of the Party, as of M. de Lesdiguieres himself, in what condition he was, and what was the occasion of his being more pensive than ordinarily he used to be. It was not long e're he understood all the Circumstances of the Intrigue, and the end to which it tended; and having informed M. Deageant thereof they resolved, that to oblige M. de Lesdiguieres to declare his thoughts freely, and to put him in mind of satisfying the King's desire, he should feign that he came on purpose to re­present to him, that forasmuch as their Assembly of Loudren was inclin'd to War, and in regard that their Churches not being in a capacity (according to his opinion) to main­tain it, nor any Foreigners able to [Page 173] assist them, nothing could be expect­ed but Ruin and Desolation; he ought on the account of the Intrest that he had in the cause, and of his affection to the welfare of their Churches, to employ his Credit with the King, and his Authority with the Assembly, by some good Expedients to prevent the dismal Effects of so pernicious a Counsel. M. de Lesdiguieres without giving him time to finish his discourse, reply'd, That he was disposed to go to the Court for this very purpose, but that some particulars had been related to him, that had caused him to change his Resolution, that no Propositions of an Accommodation ought any longer to be considered, but that they ought in good earnest to prepare to defend themselves with their Armes, since it was for the cause of their Religion. The Minister urged him to explain his mean­ing, and having at length discovered that he had certainly taken the above mentioned Artifices for an undoubted truth, he undeceived him by revealing the truth of the matter, according to the account that was given him by one of the Authors, being the same person [Page 174] from whom M. de Lesdiguires had re­ceived an Intimation thereof, and that had caused him to be thus perplexed.

After this Conference, M. Deageant being instructed by the Minister, who acquainted him with what had pass­ed, presented himself before M. de Les­diguieres, whom he found with a more clear and serene Countenance than on the preceeding days; he manag'd him after such a manner, that at last he confessed, that the occasion of his trou­ble was the news that he had heard concerning the Assembly of the Ca­tholick Gentlemen, and the resoluti­ons that he was told were taken there­in, but that he was very lately inform­ed by a Minister, one of his particular Friends, that this Device was invent­ed by some of the Reformed Religion, on purpose to hinder his Journy; how­ever he affirmed that he was ready to depart, were it not that altho this Assembly were not gathered together upon an ill design, nevertheless he fear­ed, lest any mis-carriage should hap­pen in his absence, if the jealousies raised on both sides were not dispersed. To this end M. Deageant took such care [Page 175] that the greatest part of the Catholick Gentlemen that had been in this Con­vention, appeared before M. de Lesdi­guieres at Grenoble, and there gave him so much light into the matter, joyned with reiterated protestations of their Innocency, that he was satisfy'd.

There remained then another diffi­culty as to his departure, which was very much importuned by the Court; but he desired that M. Deageant, who was ordered to accompany him in his Journey, should reside still in the Coun­try, because he judged that his pre­sence and mediation would be very ne­cessary to keep every one within the bounds of his duty; he chiefly insisted on this, fearing lest upon the continu­ance of the above said Assembly, some disturbance or combustion should arise. As he was at Lyons going out of his Chamber to proceed in his Journey, his Servants and Baggage being sent before, a Gentleman that the late M. de Nemours had dispatched to him in post, delivered a Letter of Credence to him on his behalf, demanded audi­ence of him in private, and told him that having not long ago attended his [Page 176] Master in the Louvre, he then saw him in the little Closset, into which he durst not enter; but finding that of the Books open, he went into it out of curiosity, wherein he had no sooner set his soot, but he heard the King's voice, who came thither, and that being surpris'd with fear, lest he should be found there alone, he hid himself behind one of the Tapestry Hangings, from whence he saw Father Arnoux, and M. de Lu­ines, who were alone in the King's pre­sence, declaring to his Majesty that it was very good News that they had lately receiv'd concerning the cert­ainty of the Departure of M. de Les­diguieres, that assoon as he was arri­ved he ought without any delay to be put into the Bastille; and that M. de Luines had said, That it was a Re­solution taken for the Advantage of his Majesty's Affairs, which there was no probability that he would oppose: after this they all retired without per­ceiving him, and he knowing the Af­fection that his Master M. de Nemours bore to him, could not but ac­quaint him with what he had heard, and immediately received Orders to [Page 177] take Post, to give him an Account thereof. This Information, that was apparently devised with an intent to frustrate the good Effects that they foresaw would ensue upon the Jour­ney and Intercession of M. de Lesdi­guieres for the Separation of the As­sembly of Loudren on which depended Peace or a Civil War, obliged him again to mistrust, and to revolve in his mind that there might be some truth in that which they would so late­ly have perswaded him to be a Cheat in Dauphine: upon these imaginations he determined to return. M. Deageant seeing this sudden change, perceived that some new Artifice had operated, and having urged him thereupon and found the cause, easily perswaded him to examine the truth of the matter, by reasons drawn from the conco­mitant Circumstances, and amongst others, by induceing him to recollect, that the Closet of Books was surround­ed with Presses that were fixed to the wall, the Tapestry being between both, after such a manner that there was not room enough to hide a Cat.

[Page 178] Being thus re-assured, he continued to prosecure his Journy, which succeed­ed so happily, that through his medi­ation, and that of the Marshal de Cha­stillon, the Assembly of Loudren was dis­solved to the King's satisfaction.

During his Residence at the Court, no mention was made to him concern­ing the overture that M. Deageant was ordered to make to him, he was only told in taking leave, that every thing that had been promised should be ef­fectually performed at his return to Danphine, and that all necessary Ex­pedients should be exhibited to him by M. Deageant, who nevertheless receiv­ed but one Letter, in which was con­tained a command to continue his Ne­gotiations with M. de Lesdiguieres, and to obtain of him a new promise of his Conversion upon a second offer of the Office of Constable; in order to which, due preparations should be made as soon as the Affairs depending should be brought to perfection, according to the King's desire: M. Deageant find­ing no alteration as to the compact that was already made between him, and M. de Lesdiguieres, where of he had [Page 179] given an account, confirmed it by an­other Dispatch, alledging that it should be certainly put in execution on any day that his Majesty should think fit to prescribe, provided that the mat­ter were hitherto kept secret, for the Reasons that he had formerly written, and have been above specified.

But instead of Secresy, the Contents of M. Deageant's Dispatches were pub­lished at Court, and the renewing of the Office of Constable in favour of M. de Lesdiguieres was publickly pro­claimed, as well in consideration of his extraordinary Merits and Vertue, as of his Conversion: The Ev [...]nt soon made it appear to what end this Transaction was divulged, the concealment of which was expresly recommended for several Reasons relating to the nature of the thing and his Majesty's Service. This News being spread abroad the most part of the Foreign Protestant Princes, the Nobility of the Kingdom that prosessed the Reformed Religion, and almost all their Churches sent Let­ters to M. de Lesdiguieres, and negle­cted no means that they thought pro­per to dissuade him from changing his [Page 180] Religion, nay several Catholicks also assured him, that the Propositions that has been offered to him were only Snares to entangle and destroy him. His intimate Friends and Servants, that before only suspected, not daring to enquire into this matter, ceased not continually to importune him, and all being joined together, so disturbed his Mind, that he remained in doubt, being inclined rather to adhere more firmly to the Faction, than to withdraw him­self from it. Whilst M. Deageant en­deavoured to remedy this Evil, the consequence of which he very much feared, the Marquess de Bressieux arri­ved from the Court, and delivered to M. de Lesdiguieres a Letter of Credence from the King, and another from M. de Luines, acquainting him that he was sent on purpose to treat with him about a Business of great Importance, and therefore he demanded a private Audi­ence. M. de Lesdiguieres having there­upon ordered one of his Attendants to call M. Deageant, he desired that he might be heard alone, because he was forbid to communicate his Commission to any but him: M. de Lesdiguieres re­plied, [Page 181] that he would then advise him to say nothing, for since he knew M. Dea­geant his good Friend to be an upright Man, and very well affected to the King's Service, he should impart to him whatsoever he declared, and should take his advice therein. The Marquess de Bressieux seeing him obsti­nate in this Resolution, told him, that he did not think that M. Deageant ought in the least to be mistrusted, and that he would not refuse to discourse in his presence; but because he had acciden­tally met with him at his arrival, and had concealed from him the occasion of his Journey, he was desirous to see him before his Audience, to induce him to facilitate his Negociation. Any one but M. Deageant would have been of­fended to see the manner of the Pro­ceedings of those that sent him, and instead of promoting his Treaty, would have obstructed it as much as possibly he could; nevertheless he promised to assist him therein. The Commission of the Marquess de Bressieux being opened to M. de Lesdiguieres, there was nothing contained therein but a proposal of the Office of Constable, in case he should [Page 182] turn Catholick, which was the same Affair that M. Deageant had long agoe negociated with him, whereof he had often and very lately given notice, that M. de Lesdiguieres had consented to it, and which he himself had confirmed to his Majesty and to M. de Luines, as well by word of Mouth in his last Jour­ney from the Court, as since by Letters, having engaged his credit to accom­plish all that had been agreed upon be­tween him and M. Deageant in his Ma­jesty's behalf. M. de Lesdiguieres per­ceiving that nothing was propounded to him but what had been already con­cluded, judged that their Intention was to mock him, and absolutely reje­cted the Overtures that were made to him, protesting that if his Majesty questioned in the least his unmovable Affection and constant Fidelity to his Service, in the Religion that he profes­sed; he was ready to abandon all his Offices, and to retire into any of the Protestant Cities being the Allies of France, that his Majesty should think fit to appoint: this he enforced with several Expressions, which argued that he was touched to the quick. It was [Page 183] M. Deageant's part to appease this Pas­sion, as he did within few daies to that degree, that he obliged him to sign certain Articles that he had prepa­red concerning all the points that had been already agreed upon, as also to vouchsafe that the Marquess de Bres­sieux should be Mediator in this Trans­action, since he was content to be ser­viceable therein, without pretending to any particular Interest. Thus the Marquess de Bressieux thinking to gain the sole credit and reputation in these Proceedings, returned to the Court car­rying the Letters of M. de Lesdiguieres and M. Deageant, together with a Copy of the above-mentioned Articles, the Original of which remained in the Hands of the latter; and promised to come again very speedily, loden with Dispatches and necessary Orders for the performance of the Agreement: But he was very much amazed that af­ter he had made a Report of the Success of his Negociation, no further mention was made to him thereof, especially when he understood that M. de Bullion was sent to manage it after another manner.

[Page 184] Although the Expedition of the Marquess de Bressieux ought to have been kept secret, as it had been ad­vised, unless other designs were in agitation altogether different from those that were pretended: Never­theless his Papers were read in a full Council, and it was determined that the Office of a Constable that was vacant by the Death of the Consta­ble of Montmorency should be re-esta­blished; but instead of the Grant that was promised to be made in favour of M. de Lesdiguieres, a Breviate only was ordered to be drawn up in his Name, which was sent to him by M. de Bullion, who was enjoyned to present it to him, and to persuade him at the same time to entreat the King to bestow it on M. de Luines, and to be content for his own part with the Office of Marshal General of the Ar­mies, and a Pension of Eighteen Thou­sand Livres per Mensem, without be­ing obliged to turn Catholick. M. de Bullion whether he had any particu­lar instructions or otherwise, intended also to treat with him privately; but M. de Lesdiguieres declared to him [Page 185] as he had done to the Marquess de Bressieux, that he would disclose every thing to M. Deageant, and would fol­low his Advice; upon this account he was sent for at the first Audience of M. de Bullion, in which he only dis­coursed concerning his Conversion and the accomplishment of all those things that were already concluded, without speaking so much as one word rela­ting to the principal cause of his Jour­ney: But having found an opportu­nity to talk with him apart, he re­presented it to him, and propounded a strick Alliance between him and M. de Luines, which was to be bound with the Marriage of M. de Canaples his Grandson with Madam de Comba­let the Niece of M de Luines. M. de Lesdiguieres demanded some time to consider of it, and took an occasion to confer two or three hours with M. Deageant on the subject of these new Overtures, at which he was ve­ry much incensed, being astonished that after his Conversion had been so long solicited, and he had been pre­vailed with so far as to promote it, a Declaration should now be made [Page 186] to him that it was convenient for him to remain in the Religion that he professed; from whence he inferred all the ill consequences that can be imagined. M. Deageant, though he was not a little surprized at such a proposition, yet considering that if M. de Lesdiguieres should reject it, such discontents and suspicious might ensue as would be sufficient to with­draw him from the King's Service, his fidelity and adherence to which was at that time necessary, produc'd several solid and cogent Arguments in opposition to those that M. de Lu­ines had objected to him, as he after­wards declared his Mind to Monsieur de Bullion, and concealed not from him, that he had been confirmed in this Opinion by the Counsel of M. De­ageant. Assoon as notice thereof was given at Court M. de Lesdiguieres was ordered to repair thither, and M. de Bullion and M. Deageant were com­manded to accompany him. The King seemed earnestly to desire this Jour­ney as well on the account of M. de Bullion's Dispatch, as to take the ad­vice of M. de Lesdiguieres upon the [Page 187] Design that the Protestants had de­vised to cause a General Assembly to meet at Rochel without his Majesty's leave, and contrary to his Prohibiti­on, which they actually accomplished, and from whence ensued the War that the King brought to so happy and glorious an end.

Monsieur de Lesdiguieres before his departure in his Journey, and at his arrival at Paris received several In­formations that all the honour and profit that had been proposed to him would cease in the Imprisonment of his Person in the Bastille during the remainder of his Life, and although the greater part knew that there was no such thing intended, and only gave out this Intelligence with a De­sign to corrupt him, nevertheless there was somewhat of truth and reality, of which M. Deageant had an intimation; for it was resolved in a Privy Coun­cil of some particular Ministers of State, to arrest M. de Lesdiguieres, and to proclaim War against all the Protestants, who were represented to M. de Luines as so weak and unable to make any considerable Resistence, that [Page 188] within a year they might be easily suppressed; it was alledged that this would be the only means to advance his Glory, and to make it appear to all men that the King had deserved­ly conferred on him the Office of Constable, which they had advised him to assume to himself. M. Deage­ant entreated him to hearken to what he had to offer to his conside­ration on this account, and calling him aside into a little Closet persuad­ed him to take Pen, Ink and Paper, and caused him to draw from this affair a great number of Consequen­ces that were almost all necessary, and tended to dangerous precipices, that threatned the ruin of the King's Person, the Catholick Religion, the Kingdom, and his Family in particu­lar. So many inconveniencies (said he thereupon) were not foreseen, but howsoever it may happen, the Dice are cast, and there is such a progress made in this Enterprize, that they were obliged to run the hazard. M. Deageant was not able entirely to dissuade him from prosecuting the War, though he assured him that by [Page 189] the measures that he had taken with M. de Lesdiguieres, preparations were made to gain more advantages over the Protestants in six months without drawing the Sword, than could be obtained in many years by all the King's Forces. At length he com­pelled him to condescend to the per­formance of the last promises that were made to M. de Lesdiguieres by M. de Bullion, that he should be em­ployed in the Armies, that he should be honourably treated▪ and that in­stead of denouncing War against the Protestants, it should be only decla­red against the Factious and Rebel­lious, forasmuch as that first Decla­ration would necessarily force all those of that Religion to defend them­selves, and would stir up the foreign Protestant Princes to assist them, but this would destroy them after such a manner, that none but those, that were purely factious and that had no­thing to lofe, would be willing to be accounted as Rebels.

All sorts of Artifices were used as well with the King as M. de Luines to excite them to explode this pro­position, [Page 190] and to adhere to the former, as also to cause M. Deageant to be esteemed as the greatest Heretick and most dis-affected to his Majesty's Ser­vice that ever was in the Kingdom: but their Attempts were vain, for his Majesty was inclined to follow the advice that was most gentle, most cer­tain and the least dangerous, to which all those that had regard only to the King's Service voluntarily subscribed, insomuch that the Declaration was published on the fourth day of April 1621. with a resolution that in case the Assembly of Rochel would not dis­perse themselves, and refused to accept the offers and reasonable Proposals that were made to them through the mediation of M. de Lesdiguieres, his Majesty should march on that side with his Army to reduce the Rebels to Obedience.

Nothing could be added to the care that M. de Lesdiguieres took to oblige them to return to their duty, where­of I can speak as knowing it by experi­ence, because I prepared all the Let­ters, Memorials and Instructions for those that were sent to them at seve­ral [Page 191] times, who were Persons whom I chose being well affected to his Ma­jesty's Service. But when he saw that the Assembly rejected all his good Counsels and proceeded to extremity, he advised the King to prepare to go and chastise them, and offered to serve him in person with all that belonged to him. This Resolution being made known to the General Deputies of the Protestants, the Sieur de Favas who was one of them, entreated him to make use of his interest to procure the deferring of these proceedings for eight or ten days, in which he would en­deavour to persuade the Assembly to submit upon the terms and conditions that had been offered to them, and engaged himself to effect it: His Majesty was willing to grant this time, nevertheless he ordered his Troops to march, and resided at Fontainbleau ex­pecting the event of this Journey, from which he hoped for so much the greater success, in regard that ample provision was made for the gratifying of the Sieur de Favas in case he should perform what he had promised: But he neglected it and on the contrary [Page 192] took upon him the Office of Admiral on the other side, and abode in Rochel.

Assoon as the King was informed thereof, he went forward on the way, and being arrived at Tours held a Council to consult what was conve­nient to be done, and especially whe­ther he should pass through Saumur or not, it was carried in the Affirma­tive; but to take away all suspicion from the Sieur au Pl [...]ssis, the King was advised not to [...]odge in the Castle; but within a few hours after, his Ma­jesty having conferred with one of his particular Servants changed his Opinion, and dispatcht the Sieur du Hallier Captain of his Guards to pre­pare Lodgings for him in the Castle, that were already provided in the Ci­ty, having also ordered M. de Lesdi­guieres to advance, and with him M. de Bullion and M. Deageant, to treat friend­ly with him concerning this Affair: The Garrison was sent into one of his Houses, and it was agreed with him that the Place should be committed for some time to the custody of the Count de Sault, who was not as yet a Catholick, and afterwards should be [Page 193] restored into the Hands of the Sieur du Plessis: it is certain that if it had not been secured, there was a Design, assoon as the King should depart, to introduce a competent number of the Protestant Soldiers to keep it to block up that Passage from his Majesty's Forces, and to facilitate the Approach of the Supplies that the Rebels wait­ed for from this Side of the River Croire. Some Persons that were in­timate with M. du Plessis favoured this Enterprize (as it was thought) contrary to his Intention.

I shall not here enlarge on the re­maining Circumstances of his Majesty's Journey, because I had no knowledge of those Particulars, since I was not admitted into the Council, and kept no Correspondence with M. de Luines, tho he often complemented me after an ex­traordinary manner: I shall only ob­serve that they that had given their ad­vice to use the most violent means, perceiving that M. de Luines was dis­suaded from it (as it hath been above represented) prevailed with him by divers Stratagems, daily to take mea­sures contrary to his Promise, and [Page 194] rending to soment the Jealousies alrea­dy raised, and consequently to en­courage the Insurrections and Riots of the Protestant Party: to prove this I need only to mention the Transactions, to the prejudice of the Capitulation, at St. Jean d'Angely, at Ponts, at Clerac and other places.

There happened amongst others a remarkable Occurrence at the Siege of St. Jean d'Angely, that was sufficient to frustrate the King's Journey and De­sign, if God (the visible Protector of his Majesty's Undertakings) had not pre­vented the Mischiefs that would other­wise have ensued: The King removed from the first Lodgings that were pro­vided for him at that Siege; and to be nearer the Place, took others in St. Ju­lien, where M. de Lesdiguieres was al­ready posted. On a certain Day, as Father Arnoux gave Audience after Dinner to several Persons, a Gentle­man, whom Madam de Lesdiguieres had sent to treat with him about a business relating to her, entered and advanced very near him without being perceived, because he sat with his Back towards the Door, discoursing with a Bishop: [Page 195] He reported that he heard this Prelat commending Father Arnoux for the good Counsels that he had given to the King, and especially for two Moti­ons that were made being attributed to him alone, one of which was, That he had incited his Majesty to under­take so just a War as that which was now begun; and the other, That he had drawn M. de Lesdiguieres to the Court, who was the only Person that was able to stop the Progress of his Majesty's Arms: at which Words this Father answered aloud, We have caught the subtil Fox, and he shall never escape out of our Hands. The Gentleman hav­ing observed this Passage retired without speaking to Father Arnoux, and related to M. de Lesdiguieres the Circumstances of this Rencounter: who was not as yet so perfectly reco­vered from his Indisposition that was caused by the Jealousies and Fears of being apprehended, but that this Blow galled the Wound afresh; insomuch that being very melancholy, he re­treated apart to consider by what means he might make his Escape: the most part of the Noble-men, that were [Page 196] then at Court, knew in less than two Hours that these Words had been spok­en by Father Arnoux, and heard by a Gentleman that belonged to M. de Lesdiguieres's Family, and instantly came to him to exhort him to with­draw himself privately, and to get in­to some place of Safety, offering to assist him as far as lay in their Power; and M. de Montmorency freely proposed to accompany him in person. He there­upon had recourse to some of his Re­tinue, that were zealous Promoters of the Faction, and urged him to go directly to Rochell; but haveing ru­minated and pondered in his mind every thing that had been represent­ed to him on this Occasion, he took a Resolution to depart at mid-night towards Dauphine, and to take the road through Auvergne, judging, that being furnished with about two thou­sand Men, being part of the Army of which he was assured, that should follow him wheresoever he went, and by the help of those Protestant Forces that he should gather by the way, and others that would come from Dau­phine to meet him, he might pass [Page 197] without any Impediment or Molesta­tion. M. Deageant, who (as hath been above said) never lost the sight of him, but continually attended him according to the express Orders that he had receiv'd from the King, having observed an extraordinary hurrying to and fro that Afternoon, and that the Countenance of M. de Lesdiguieres was suddainly changed, assoon as he could get an Oppotunity to talk with him privately, he urged him to declare whether he were well in Health, or whether he had received any News that had troubled him: at last have­ing thoroughly questioned and exa­mined him, he disclosed the whole Matter. Therefore knowing that the King had so great an Esteem for M. de Lesdiguieres, that he alwaies rejected such Propositions as tended to the lest Severity [...] him; and consider­ing on the other side the great Dam­age to which his Majesty's Affairs would be obnoxious, if M. de Lesdi­guieres should retreat after this man­ner, he propounded to him all the Reasons that he thought to be most proper to give him full Satisfaction; [Page 198] and desired him to condescend so far as to permit him to go to the King and M. de Luines on this account, pro­mising that if he could discover that there was any Design to offer him any Injury, he would freely declare it to him, and would be Partaker of the same Fortune with him, since he had honoured him so far as to come upon the Assurance that he had giv­en him on behalf of his Majesty.

Thus M. Deageant having acquaint­ed the King with all that had passed, his Majesty shewed his high displeasure and indignation at the occasions of Sus­picion that were so often given to this good Man; If I could believe (said he) that any should presume to abuse him, I would rather lose my Crown than suffer it: bring him to me that I may certify him by Word of Mouth. This was im­mediately done, insomuch that Mon­sieur de Lesdiguieres, that had a great Af­fection for his Majesty's Person, return­ed very well satisfied, and constantly waited on the King at the Siege of Montauban, where they began again to make Parties against him; some con­tinually buzzed the King in the Ear [Page 199] that he doted, and others that he held correspondence with those of Montau­ban and the rest of the Rebels, and that they were informed by him of e­very thing that was performed in his Majesty's Army, and all concluded that he ought to be seized; but I can certainly avouch, as being well assured of this Truth, that he served his Maje­sty faithfully, and was so much con­cerned for the taking of that Place, that he sought all possible means to ef­fect it: I was the Bearer, at five several times, of as many Directions that he sent to the King, by what means he might reduce the City. All competent Judges, that understand the Art of War, and were not possessed with Passion, were agreed as to this Point; and have since affirmed, that if his Instructions had been followed, without doubt the King would not have been compelled, as he was, to raise the Siege. I am persuaded that if M. de Luines had been of the same Opinion, he would have had a greater Deference to the known Experience of M. de Lesdiguieres; for notwithstanding what was maliciously reported of him, that he was not wil­ling [Page 200] that Montauban should be taken; on the account of his particular Inter­est, it is most true that he was ex­tremely displeased that the Attempt proved ineffectual. M. de Luines was so far pre-engaged by certain Persons, some of whom (as I have already said) intended to bring matters to the utmost Extremity, and others to cause him to commit some Fault that they might thereby take an occasion to ruin him, that he hearkened to no Coun­sels but theirs; to this very purpose they so often inculcated to him the ne­cessity of the Imprisonment of M. de Les­diguieres, that he was in a manner sorced to yield to their Persuasions, which was the reason that to find means to avoid this Compulsion, he was not sorry when he heard that M. de Mombrun, whom the Assembly of Rochel had chosen Lieutenant General of the Churches in Dauphine, had tak­en the Field with an Army that al­armed all those Countries, because he thought that his Adversaries would be easily induced to defer their Persecu­tion till some other more convenient time; and to consent that he should be [Page 201] sent into Dauphine to appease these new Tumults. The King was advised at the end of the Siege of Montauban to return to Paris by the way of Langue­doc, because the Rebels not having an opportunity to fortify their Places, would be easily reduced to their Obe­dience by his Majesty, as he passed, without striking a stroke; whereas if he gave them time to work therein, he would afterwards find it very difficult to suppress them. Thereupon an As­sembly of all the Noble-men of the Court, and of all those that belonged to the Council of War and that of State, were gathered together, wherein this Affair was debated, and it was unani­mously concluded, that the return through Languedoc was necessary, and would be apparently most advantage­ous. The Council being adjourned, and the Sieur de Blainville, who was not as yet admitted into it, and the Sieur le Maine Baron of Chab [...]n Adju­tant-General appearing, M. de Luines desired them to declare their Opinion concerning their Determination, who being both instructed in this Matter, gave advice contrary to what had been [Page 202] agreed upon with the general Approba­tion and Consent of the Convention, which prevailed so far that the King took the nearest Road to Paris, to the great Detriment of his Majesty's Pro­ceedings; for it is certain that no City durst then shut up their Gates against him: but in the following Year, hav­ing gained time to fortify themselves, they compelled him to bring an Army against them at the cost of vast Expenc­es and Inconveniences, that subdued but very few Places; and the rest ob­liged him to undertake another Jour­ney that proved more successful than the former, since he finished the War and happily overthrew this Monster of Sedition and Rebellion, that had so long raged in France.

When M. de Lesdiguieres had obtain'd leave to return into Dauphine to sup­press the Insurrections of the Protest­ants, the King thought fit to order M. de Bullion to attend him, and com­manded M. Deageant who had not stir­red from him for the space of about two Years, to wait upon his Majesty for the future, and to serve him as oc­casion required: this redoubled the [Page 203] Jealousies of his Enemies who persecu­ted him incessantly; tho to avoid their Fury he kept himself at as great a di­stance as he could from the King's Per­son, and from publick Negociations, without entring into any of the Coun­cils, notwithstanding the new Orders that were lately given by his Majesty that he should be re-admitted into the same Station and Priviledges that he had heretofore enjoyed. At the Arri­val of M. de Lesdiguieres in Dauphine every one laid down his Arms; but the Rebels of Languedoc having taken the advantage of the time that was left them, in making good all the Passes and Forts, and seeing the King remo­ved far from them, began to lift up their Horns ravaging and plundering the Country, and in divers places treat­ed the Catholicks very severely, which obliged the King to resolve to march thither in the Spring; and be­cause the Inhabitants of Bays and le Poussin, who took part with the Male-contents, obstructed the Com­munication of the Rhone, which was necessary for the convenience of the Army that his Majesty intended to lead [Page 204] into Languedoc; he commanded M. de Lesd [...]guieres to raise Forces to be­siege these two Places, and to keep the Rhone clear, having appointed that one moiety of the Charges should be suppli­ed out of the Treasury, and the other raised in Dauphine: but for want of Money or otherwise, these Levies pro­ceeded very slowly, tho the King had given express Orders that they should be dispatched with all possible Expedi­tion. At last perceiving the Season to decline, and the Progress that the Re­bels had made in Gascony and Langue­doc; he sent M. Deageant in post to hasten the execution of his Commands, and to accompany M. de Lesdiguieres with M. de Bullion. M. de Lesdiguieres at that time erected a Bridg of Boats over the Rhone, which was an attempt formerly esteemed exceeding difficult, and almost impossible by reason of the violence of the Stream; took possessi­on of the two Places above mentioned, and kept the Passages open on the side of the River. And his Majesty having in this Journey reduced several Cities to their Duty, went to besiege Mont­pelier.

[Page 205] During this Siege, the particular case of M. de Lesdiguieres was considered in the Privy Council; it was repre­sented to the King, that in the state wherein he was at present, he could not be assur'd of his fidelity and con­stancy; for if he should turn his coat, and should hearken to the advan­tageous Propositions that were daily offered to him by the Protestants, as it might happen, he would so consi­derably strengthen the Factious Party, that his Majesty would hardly be able to overcome them; and therefore that there were but two Expedients to pre­vent these ill Consequences, either to cut off his Head, or to engage him more firmly in his Majesty's Service, by giving him the Office of Constable upon condition that he should change his Religion, which if he refused to do, he ought immediately to be dis­patched out of the way. It was con­cluded to try the more gentle way, and instructions were drawn up and directed to M. de Bullion with a Du­plicate for M. Deageant, tending to per­swade M. de Lesdiguieres to finish his Conversion, to which the Office of [Page 206] Constable was annexed: He seemed at first to scruple it, but M. Deageant hav­ing put him in mind of the promise that he had formerly made, and signed it with his own hand, and being fully satisfied as to the controversial points that were in dispute between the two Churches, he freely offered to yield an entire obedience to all that his Majesty required of him, and within a few days after made publick Profession of the Catholick Religion at Grenoble in the presence of the Arch-Bishop of Embrun, and at the same time was invested with the Office of Constable, and with the Order of the Holy Ghost. After­wards he went to meet the King at the Camp before Montpelier, and was very serviceable in the reduceing of that Place, that might have cost his Majesty a great deal more trouble. I was there taken sick with a disease that lasted eighteen months, the greatest Extremity of which being abated, when the King prepared to return to Paris, he was pleased to command me to follow him: nevertheless dur­ing that time I almost continually kept my Bed and Chamber, which is [Page 207] the cause that I can give no account of what passed afterwards, since I had no knowledge of the ensuing Trans­actions and Occurrences.

There were divers Changes and Re­volutions at Court, and the Ministers of State often played at fast and loose, endeavouring to supplant one another: The Marquess de la Vieuille was the chief amongst them, that in caressing me was the Author of most of the in­juries and persecutions that were rais­ed against me, and I cannot tell for what reason; for to my knowledge, I never offended him, and always re­tired as much as I could from the King's Presence, and from the Affairs of State: his ill will induced him so far, that the King having ordered the Marshal d'Ornano to be put into the Bastille for disobeying the Command that his Majesty had given him, to repair to his Government of St. Esprit, he caused my name to be incerted in the Warrant; the Courier, that brought it from Compeigne, where the Court then resided, having declared this to the Deputy of the Sieur Almeras Post-Master General, as he received his [Page 208] Ticket to provide Horses, the Deputy informed his Master thereof, and he revealed it to M. de Guise who being with the King, that often laughed at his extravagant humours, told him, that His Majesty had given an occasion to the Marshal d'Ornano, and Deageant to run mad, since he had caused them to be confined in the Bastille. Deageant! (re­plied the King) there was no such thing intended. It is certainly so, (said M. de Guise) for here stands Almeras, who told me that his Deputy received the news from the Courier that carried the Order. His Majesty thereupon gave signal demon­strations of his Generosity and Justice, which being made known to the Mar­quess de Vieuille oblig'd him to dispatch another Warrant, that only mention­ed the Marshal d'Ornano, and to send back speedily to countermand the first. That I might absolutely get clear from the Incumbrances and Fatigue of pub­lick Negotiations, I had by degrees withdrawn my self from the Conver­sation of M. de Lesdiguieres, and for­bore to follow the Retinue of the Court any longer, with an intention as soon as I had settled my domestick [Page 209] Affairs in Paris, to retreat for alto­gether.

The Marquess de la Vieuille very much feared, lest the Cardinal of Riche­lieu should approach near the King, and should be present at the Consulta­tions; and perceiving that his Majesty desired to strengthen the Privy Coun­cil with some persons endued with extraordinary Judgment and Pru­dence, he endeavoured to introduce one of his Creatures; but having re­ceived a repulse he took another course, which was this: he represent­ed to his Majesty, that M. de Lesdi­guieres, (with whom he contracted a strict friendship) ought alwaies to pos­ses one of the principal Places in the Council, and that by reason of his deaf­ness, some one should be admitted with him, to repeat to him the Pro­positions that should be made therein, and named one of his particular Friends, whom he affirmed to be bet­ter qualified for this Office than M. de Bullion, to whose discredit he spake many things to dissuade his Majesty from confiding in him: nevertheless he rejected this second Proposal, and [Page 210] within a few days after, discoursing on this subject with the Constable de Lesdiguieres, he told him that he in­tended to re-establish me in my for­mer Employment, and that instead of M. de Bullion I should constantly at­tend him in the Council, and other places where his Majesty's Affairs were transacted. M. de Lesdiguieres without offering me any Injury, made use of his interest in favour of M. de Bullion, to procure him to be preferred before me, as he ingenuously confessed to me; for indeed he was more worthy, and I believe that M. de Lesdiguieres would have met with no difficulty in this point, were it not for the kind­ness that the Marquess de la Ui [...]uille had lately shewed to M. de Bullion. However it were, the Constable de Lesd [...]guieres by the King's express Com­mand sent a Courier to me with a Letter, that ordered me to depart in­stantly with my Equipage, and to come to meet his Majesty at Compiegne, ne­ver to leave him for the future.

I proceeded in my Journey, but with­out any Equipage, determining to use my utmost Efforts to avoid this new [Page 211] Promotion that was contrary to my Resolution. The King was on that day a hunting, and I saw the Constable de Lesdiguieres first, who acquainted me with his Majesty's Pleasure, and enjoyned me in his Name immediately to prepare Memorials and Instructions for M. de Bethunes, whom the King de­signed to send Ambassador Extraordi­nary to Rome on several occasions, and chiefly about the Affair of the Val­toline that was then most urgent. Af­terwards I went to see some of my Friends that had free Access to the King, that I might be inform'd of the present state of Affairs, and to intreat them to lay down before his Majesty such Reasons as I should exhibit to ex­cuse me from this Employment: They described to me all the particular Transactions at Court, and affirmed that the design of the Marquess de la Vieuille was to establish himself in the Reputation and Authority that he had already acquired, to remove all those that were able to oppose him or might eclipse his Glory, to enter into a strict Alliance with the Constable, by the means of the marriage of his Daugh­ter [Page 212] with the Count de Sault, and to bring the President le Jay into the num­ber of the Ministers of State, in hopes that he might cause the Seals to fall into his Hands. But because he fear­ed above all things, lest the Queen-Mother should at last prevail with the King to admit the Cardinal of Richelieu into the Council, and to a share in the Administration of publick Negociations, he endeavoured conti­nually to render him odious to his Majesty, whom he solicited to oblige him to reside at Rome, alledging that the Queen-Mother would not be much offended at it, provided that the Sieur Barbin, who was banished into Flan­ders, were restored to her: I under­stood also, that to meet with less op­position in his Attempts, knowing that the Queen-Mother was retired from the Louvre to Luxemburg, with an intent to take Physick during fif­teen Days; he had persuaded the King to go to Compeigne hoping that there, in her Majest'ys Absence, he might easily accomplish his Enterprize. And as for my own particular, finding that he could not divert the King from the [Page 213] Resolution that he had taken to make use of my Service, he thought it con­venient to engage M. de Toiras on his side, telling him that he would assist him to procure this Office for the Sieur de Clare Intendant of the Treasury, his intimate Friend; they both at­tempted this, but in vain.

The King being come home from hunting, was pleased to honour me so far as to confirm what the Consta­ble had imparted to me on his be­half, and commanded me to dispatch the Instructions of M. de Bethunes, be­cause his Journey required all the Expedition imaginable; I excused my self as well, because I had no Lodgings, Paper, nor other things necessary for such a Work, as on the account of what I had heard (which was very true) that the Marquess de la Vieuille, having taken out of the Hands of the Sieur Herbaut all the Papers relating to this Negociation, without which it was impossible to proceed, was gone to Paris to seek for some assistance to di­gest them, and to hinder me from un­dertaking this Business; thus I obtain­ed leave of his Majesty to return thi­ther [Page 214] to fetch my little Furniture, in­tending nevertheless to defer it as long as I could, to find out some means to prevent my being again involved in the multiplicity of intricate Affairs, wherein I saw that it was impossible for me to subsist, tho I should be in­clined to it. M. de Bullion cannot but remember that I gave him notice of the Calumnies that were raised against him, with a design to remove him, that he might take care to prevent the Effect, as he afterwards did by his pru­dent and vigilant Conduct. Assoon as I arrived at Paris, I desired the Sieur de Tremblay at present Governer of the Bastille, whom I knew to be inti­mate with the Cardinal of Richelieu, speedily to inform him of the Devices that I had heard were contrived against him; I declared also that unless some means were used to induce the Queen-Mother, who intended to begin her course of Physick on the next day, in­stantly to repair to Compeigne; it was to be feared lest his Enemies should prevail, and consequently the King and the State would be deprived of the Advantages which his Majesty's faith­ful [Page 215] Servants, that had any knowledg of his Eminency's excellent Qualificati­ons and Endowments, expected upon his entry into the Council, which had already been proposed to him. I thought it not convenient to give this account to his Eminency my self, be­cause I knew that all my Actions were strictly observed, neither did I ever much study my one profit: however the Queen-Mother went on that very day to the Louvre, where she lay, and the next morning departed to Com­peigne being accompanied with his Eminency, who within a few daies after was admitted to the Ministry to the great benefit of the King and King­dom.

His Eminency knows better than any the Negociations that were af­terwards managed not only in France, but also in all the most considerable places of Christendom; neither can a perfect Relation of those Occurren­ces be composed without his instru­ctions. As for my own particular, since I had no share therein, and was not very curious in enquiring into o­ther mens business, I could hardly [Page 216] get intelligence of what passed in the lower sphere of the Court; therefore I shall only mention some few Trans­actions, in which my Enemies falsely reported that I was concerned, against the King's Service, and perhaps his Eminency will not take it amiss that I discover the truth, which without doubt hath been always concealed from him: to give a clearer light into this mat­ter I shall relate all the circumstan­ces thereof from the beginning. A­bove a year had passed since I with­drew my self from the Court, and was continually employed in the dispatch­ing of my private Affairs at Paris, in order to my total retreat, when the late Marshal d'Effiat came to my House and commanded me in his Eminency's Name to endeavour to decipher certain obscure propositions, that the Flemmings had exhibited to him for the promoting of Trade and Commerce; and in case I could pick out the meaning, to prepare the ne­cessary expedients: I had formerly applied my self to the study of things of the like nature, insomuch that it cost me less pains and trouble in ap­prehending [Page 217] the intention of these Flem­mings, and joyning their propositions to the particular knowledge that I had acquired, I drew up a method, by which according to my weak judg­ment such a commerce might easily be established, as with little or no charge would far surpass all others in Europe; and the King would there­by become Master of the Seas: some time was spent in this laborious Work, during which the Marshal d'Effiat came often to confer with me, and to urge the expedition thereof on be­half of his Eminency. One day as I read to him what I had composed, and being come to a Passage relating to a certain Right of Arrearage that belonged to the Marshal d'Ornano, from which the Merchants desired to be exempted; he told me that it ought to be reserved to him, and desired me to give him notice to meet at my house the next day about the same hour, that they might discourse to­gether on this subject: they came thither at the time appointed, and I can certainly affirm that the Marshal d'Ornano never set his foot within my [Page 218] door since I desisted from managing of publick affairs, because he bore no very good will towards me: there the Marshal d'Effiat contracted great familiarity with him, and promised that he would take care that his right of Arrearage should be preserved. Within a few days after, his Maje­sty being departed to Fontainbleau, and his Eminency to Fleury, the Mar­shal d'Effiat required me in his name to introduce the Flemmings into his presence, and to bring all that I had prepared on account of the propound­ed Commerce: his Eminency having perused my Work, and heard the Mer­chants in particular was exceeding well satisfied with the proceedings, order­ed them for the future to apply them­selves to none but me; and enjoined me to finish other dispatches that were requisite for the accomplishment of this design. Being returned to Paris, the Marshal d'Effiat commanded me, as it were in his Eminency's name, im­mediately to endeavour to persuade Monsieur the King's Brother to de­part to Fontainbleau, according to the desire of the King and the Queen-Mother, [Page 219] without refisting any longer▪ as he had done, being excited (as it was thought) by certain factious In­cendiaries, that designed to detain him at Paris that they might engage him in their Cabals: I excused my self alledging that I had no access to him, and that a whole year being passed, since I forbore to frequent the Court, I had an opportunity to speak with his Highness but once, which happen­ed six months ago, when I met him walking in the Tuilleries; and the more I strove to avoid it, the more he urged me, affirming that it would be esteemed as a signal piece of ser­vice: at last he was content that I should only go and make an attempt. Thereupon I solicited the Marshal d'Or­nano, insomuch that he offered seve­ral Arguments to the Prince to induce him to give their Majesties the satis­faction that they desired in this re­spect, which proved so effectual, that his Highness went the same day, and lodged at Fontainbleau.

About that time I was informed that the Abbot Feuquan, l' Anglois his Brother, and one Ferrier lately de­ceased, [Page 120] formerly a Minister of State, who for some months almost continu­ally attended the Marshal d'Effiat, and others that had free access to the Cardinal of Richelieu, had con­ceived great jealousies, because his Eminency had employed me in the above-mentioned affair, and had open­ly commended my Work after a very extraordinary manner; and that e­very one of them fearing lest if he should keep me near his Person, their devices might be frustrated, they all conspired together to procure my ruin, of which I ought to have been aware, and to have stood on my guard; but since I had no other aim but to obey his Eminency's Command re­lating to the matter of Commerce then in agitation, which being finish­ed, as it almost was, as far as it de­pended on my part to perform, I in­tended to retire. However my mis­fortune was so great, that I neglected to follow the advice that was given me, since if I had mentioned but one word to his Eminency, perhaps the King's Justice and his would not have been prevented, as it is proba­ble [Page 121] that it was in this case; for with­in a few days after, as I was putting the last hand to the second Memori­al that his Eminency had desired, that I might deliver it to him the next day at Fleury, according to the or­der that I had received from the Marshal d'Effiat in his name, I was carried Prisoner to the Bastille, where I have been confined, with a great deal of rigour during four years and seven months, being shut up close for a good part of that time, with­out liberty to take the least Air, though I was certainly informed that his Eminency had wrote at two se­veral times that I should be permit­ted to walk abroad; the effect of which priviledge my Enemies hindered by their Artifices, which they also made use of, to sow dissensions in my Fa­mily, that apparently caused the Death of my Wife, and the loss of the greatest part of my Estate, that I had acquired with much labour and industry during the term of thirty years.

In this condition I diligently exa­mined my Conscience, but could not [Page 222] find that I had offended any but God alone, in thought, word, or deed. Having committed no action that might give a just cause of complaint, since I had for a long time before taken care to do nothing that might be the occasion of the least suspicion, therefore I was apt to believe that the above-mentioned jealousies had mainly operated in this unfortunate conjuncture: I was informed by some, that my Antagonists to accomplish their designs had animated the Queen-Mother against me, although in ser­ving the King I was always very careful lest I should displease her, as appears from the preceeding Relati­on: Whilst I revolved these things in my mind a certain debauched young man, that had been an Augu­stine Fryar, afterwards was admitted into the Oratory, and at last associat­ed himself with the Libertins of the Court pretending to be an Abbot, being committed to the Bastille for his Crimes, and lodging in a Room over mine, gave me an account that he had been employed to cause me to be put into this place, after this [Page 223] manner; At first a Letter of Com­plements, that I had written to Ma­dame de Lesdiguieres, was produced, to the intent that he might forge an­other like it, for he had a singular faculty in counterfeiting all sorts of hands; but he desired to be excused, because he thought mine was very difficult to be imitated, for several reasons that he alledged: after this denial, he was told that he ought at least to depose, that for three months together he had seen me going at midnight without a light and only attended with a little Page into the Chamber of Monsicur the King's Bro­ther, as also the Sieur de Modene, and that we remained shut up there above an hour; to this he replied that he was unwilling to mention M. de Mo­dene, by reason that he being esteem­ed as a man of no great judgment, it would not be thought probable that he should contrive any Plots; but this could not be affirmed of M. Dea­geant, however since he knew him only by hear say and not by sight, he feared lest he should be compelled to justify these Depositions face to face [Page 224] before a Magistrate: upon these diffi­culties it was agreed, that he should only declare the matter privately to the King, the Queen-Mother, the Cardinal of Richelieu, and the Lord Keeper of the Seals, having received a promise, that effectual care should be taken to prevent his being con­fronted. The Abbot Fcuquan and l' Anglois his Brother informed me of divers other circumstances when they were brought into the Bastille, the former being lodged in a Chamber next to mine: insomuch that we could discourse one with another at certain hours though we were closely locked up: They confessed to me that they were the persons that prepared the Bill of Indictment in order to my Ex­amination, without specifying the particulars of my accusation, lest the truth should be thereby discovered; for if they had been exhibited to me I could have very easily demonstrated my innocence, by proving that I had no Foot-men but such as were big­er than my self; that it was above a year ago since I stirred beyond the bounds of the street where I lived, [Page 225] after seven of the Clock in the Even­ing, and that the Watch was set e­very Night either at my house, or at that of my Brother-in-law over against it, where they remained usu­ally till one of the Clock in the Morn­ing and never found me absent so much as once. Praised be God for all; and may he vouchsafe of his In­finite Mercy, not to impute to my Calumniation the evils that they have caused me to suffer, but to forgive them this and all their other Offences.

Perhaps this Digression concerning my own particular Affairs may be ac­counted very tedious and extravagant; but I humbly entreat his Eminency to excuse this boldness, since it pro­ceeds from the extreme desire that I have always had, that he should be informed of my innocence, and of the forgeries that have been invented to withdraw me from the honour of his favour and protection, as also to pro­cure my ruin: But all these attempts, or any other that hereafter may be put in practice to this effect, shall never be able in the least to divert me from the affection and service that [Page 226] I owed to him, and have long since prosessed; neither shall they hinder me from continuing the Prayers that I daily put up to the Throne of Grace, for the preservation of his health for many years, and for the happy suc­cess of his generous Enterprizes.

Whilst these Memorials were in the Press, one of my Friends having shewed to me the Relation that the Arch-Bishop of Embrun composed for the use of the Cardinal of Richelieu, concerning his Voyage into England; I thought it would not be amiss to insert it here, since it confirms one of the most considerable Passages relat­ed by M. Deageant touching the in­clination of James I. King of great Britain to embrace the Roman Catho­lick Religion; I have hereunto annex­ed the Duke of Buckingham's two Letters on this subject, and the lit­tle Summary of the Negociations of the said Arch-Bishop, which was ad­joyned at the end of this Relation.

The Letter of the Cardinal of Richelieu, to the Arch-Bishop of Embrun.


HAving call'd to mind the Voyage, that you took some years ago into England, I could not forbear to lay hold on this opportunity, to desire you to let me know whether you were sent thither by the King, or whether you went of your own accord, and to what end, as also whether there were certainly at that time any Negociation depending between his Holiness, and the King of Great Britain concerning his Conversion; You will very much oblige me in giving an account of all those particulars, that you shall judge worthy to be observed on this subject, assureing you in the mean time, that when­soever an occasion shall be offered to de­monstrate my affection to you, you shall find that I am,

SIR,Your most Affectioned Brother to serve you, The Cardinal of Richelieu.


IN the year 1624. the Embassadors of England on the account of the Treaty of Marriage between the Sister of the King of France, and the Prince of Wales, being arrived at Com­pienne where his Majesty then resided, a certain English Catholick Gentle­man came to me to deliver a Letter from a Scotch Fryer of the Order of St. Francis; who had formerly received some favours from me in Italy, and at my instance was employ'd by Pope Paul V. in the English Mission: the Let­ter of this Religious Person, contained many particulars relateing to the la­mentable Condition of the poor Ca­tholicks in England; as also a Recom­mendation of this Gentleman, who gave me a very large Account of all [Page 229] things, and shewed to me the printed Copies of divers Acts made in England against the Catholicks; insomuch, that I acquired a perfect knowledg of their Persecutions, of the little support that France offered to them, and of the ge­neral complaint that they had made thereupon, even to that degree, that they had sent a Relation to Rome, wherein they Remonstrated, how much the Proceedings of their King on their behalf, during the Negocia­tion of the Marriage with Spain, differ­ed from his Deportment towards them, since the Overtures of the Mar­riage with France by the Fryer's Let­ter, and by the discourse of this Gen­tleman. I was earnestly entreated in the name of all the principal Catho­licks of England, to represent their miseries to the King, and to make him sensible of the little relief that they received from his Generosity.

I thought my self obliged to relate the whole matter to the King, which I took an opportunity to do very fully one morning a little after he rose, and declared to him, how much the Com­plaints of the English Catholicks con­tributed [Page 230] to cause an ill opinion amongst foreign Estates, as to the point of his Majesty's Piety and Zeal, how much it would obstruct the gaining of the dispensation at Rome, and that it was much to be wished that his Majesty had an Agent in England, that might be able particularly to give some con­solation and satisfaction to the Catho­licks: I was patiently heard; but all the answer that I could then obtain, was, that I should attend the next day at the same hour; being come then at the time appointed, the King told me that he had considered every thing that I had propounded to him, and that he should be very glad to find out a proper Person to be sent for this purpose, but he knew not on whom to cast his Eye; after this reply, and other discourses on this subject, I took the liberty to acquaint him, that if his Majesty thought me capable to undertake this Affair, and would vouchsafe to give me a Commission, I would very willingly go as a private Gentleman, judging that as such I might more easily act, than as one that bears a publick Character. Thus [Page 231] it was sufficient for me, that his Ma­jesty wrote to M. de Effiat, that I should go thither to take a view of that Country, which was the only part of Europe, that I had not as yet seen, that it was by his leave, and that he recommended me to him. More­over I insisted, that this manner of negociating had always been very a­greeable to me, and that through the Grace of God I had often obtained good success therein: For in several Voyages, as I visited my Order, I took an occasion, even by the special Com­mand of the late King, to make ap­plication to diverse Princes of Christ­endom, and dispatched many impor­tant Affairs, that in appearance seem­ed to be transacted meerly upon my motion, and amongst others the League of all the Princes of Italy with the late King, and that of the Princes of Germany, to cause Matthias King of Hungary to be elected King of the Romans, against the open Opposition that the Spaniards made in favour of the Arch-Duke Leopold: to this the King replied, that he was not igno­rant thereof, and that he did not on­ly [Page 232] consent that I should undertake this Voyage, but that he very much desired it, and the next day at Mass his Ma­jesty did me the honour to acquaint me that he had commanded M. de la Ville­auclerce to prepare my Dispatch, and ordered me to go and take it: He told me the same thing two Daies af­ter, seeing me again at Mass; and urged me to depart, which I did with all possible Expedition.

Assoon as I was arrived at Dover, the Frier that had written to me came to see me, having received notice of my Voyage by the Gentleman that carried his Letter, and entreated me in the name of all the Catholicks to take Lodgings at London in a private House, and not to reside with the Am­bassador, that they might have a more easy and private access to me. I tra­velled thither under the name of a Counsellor of the Parliament of Gre­noble, who had been at all the Courts of the Christian Princes, except that of England, and soon met with the Duke of Buckingham, by whom I was immediately discovered; for he told me that one of the Physicians of the [Page 233] King of England, a Native of Germa­ny, being lately come from France, had reported to His Majesty that he had seen the Arch-Bishop of Embrun at Dover, in a different Habit from that which he used to wear in France, whom he had known long agoe, having ob­served him at Rome when he was Ge­neral of the Cordeliers, at Prague and in Poland; and that the King was very desirous to see me, and to be informed of the design of my coming into Eng­land: to this end he desired me to re­lye on him, and freely to declare my Mind, which I did, being persuaded that since he was the Principal Mini­ster of State, I ought to confide in him: afterwards he asked me several Questions concerning divers Negoci­ations which the Physician had related that I had transacted in Germany, and having given him a satisfactory Ac­count thereof I perceived in him a good Disposition to hearken to whatso­ever I should propound, and was also confirmed in this Opinion by his Mo­ther, and by the Earl of Rutland his Father-in-Law, that were almost the first Persons with whom I became ac­quainted [Page 234] at London; by them and their Confessors I was instructed in all the particular Circumstances that ought to be observed in treating with the King of England, and with the said Duke of Buckingham, for the Consola­tion of the Catholicks: Not long after his Grace appointed me instantly to depart to Royston, where the Court then was, to see the King; he conduct­ed me thither himself, and introduc­ed me into his Majesty's Presence, who being in his bed indisposed with the Gout entertained me very gra­ciously, and ordered the Duke of Buc­kingham to hear every thing that I should say: After several general Dis­courses, that lasted above two hours, re­lating to the Voyages and Treaties, which he told me that he had heard that I had dispatched in Germany, and especially that of the King of Hungary, concerning which he was pleased to enquire of me very particularly, at last he began of his own accord to in­sist on the point of the Marriage; whereupon I represented to him the necessity of removing the Obstacles that were raised by the Spaniards at [Page 235] Rome, and the measures that ought to be taken to effect it, and that to obtain success therein, it was expedient that the grievances of the Catholicks should be redressed; on which Subject I dis­coursed very fully, and indeed all that I said to him was so favourably accept­ed, that I could not but acknowledg the peculiar Providence of God on this Occasion; for at this first meeting I prevailed so far, that Orders were given to release many Catholicks out of Prison, in London and other Places, that the execution of many Laws a­gainst them was suspended, and that I was permitted to administer the Sa­crament of Confirmation at London; where during the time of my residence in that City, above ten thousand Eng­lish Catholicks received this Sacrament from my Hands, at which their Ene­mies were extremely offended, and complained thereof to the King, but to no purpose, for his Majesty answer­ed them that I did nothing contrary to his Pleasure.

At this time, and at all others, where­in I had the honour to see this King, he was so well pleased with my Propo­sitions, [Page 236] that he freely disclosed his Thoughts to me; and if M. d'Effiat were now living, he would be my Witness that this good Prince did plainly make it appear, that he de­lighted in conversing with me: In our Conferences he told me, that next to the Happiness he wished for, to be al­lied with France, he desired to be re­venged on the Spaniards for the Injury that they had offered to him, re­hearsing to me all the Particulars thereof with great Indignation; to which he added the Interests of his Son-in-Law, who was (said he) as it were banished into Holland with abun­dance of Children. I instantly reply­ed upon this last Expression, and ac­quainted him, that to recover the Pa­latinate it was requisite that the two Crowns of France and England should be united, with a firm Resolution to weaken the Power of Spain, and to this end to enter into a League with the Princes of Italy; who (as I verily believed) since they had formerly made an Alliance with France alone, in the time of the late King, would be so much the more willing to do [Page 237] the like again, when they saw that England was also engaged, with whom the Pope would easily be persuaded to join, since he had reason to fear least the Spaniards should one day force him to submit to their Yoke: but to procure this Union he ought to assure the Pope and the other Princes, that the Catho­lick Religion should be indemnified; upon this I proposed many Expedients which pleased him extreamly, as the Duke of Buckingham afterwards rela­ted to me.

In exhibiting the methods to attain Union, I took an Opportunity to re­present to him, that Liberty of Con­science in England would be one of the the most effectual means to give full Satisfaction to the Pope and the Ca­tholick Princes; thereupon the King putting his Hand on mine, spake these Words, I plainly see that you are the Person appointed by God, in whom I ought to confide and to reveal the Secrets of my Heart; afterwards he very freely ac­knowledged the good opinion that he had conceived of the Catholick Faith, and so particularly that he omitted nothing; protesting to me, that dur­ing [Page 238] his Minority his Tutors having perceived his Inclination to that Reli­gion, he run great hazard of being assassinated. As to this Liberty of Conscience, he professed, that he in­tended long agoe to grant it in his Dominions, and that for this very purpose he designed to summon an Assembly of Prelats and other learned Men of England, together with an e­qual number of Forreigners, and on the Decisions therein concluded to found the said Liberty, adding that he had already determined what Per­sons should be chosen amongst the English, and that if the Assembly could not meet at Dover, he would consent that it should be holden at Boulagne, as soon as he should be in a condition to relye on the King of France, by the means of the Marriage, to which he had agreed on his part; and to pro­cure these good Effects, he thought it convenient that after the Consumma­tion thereof, I should return into Eng­land under the pretence of accompany­ing the Princess, at which time he would deliver to me two Letters writ­ten with his own Hand, one for the [Page 239] King and the other for the Pope, containing his generous Resolutions; he would also give me a distinct Memo­rial concerning his Intentions, which I should prepare, and he would sign, to the end that being furnished with these Dispatches I should go to Rome under colour of visiting the Apostolick See, where I should treat with the Pope alone, for whom he said that he had a great Affection and Respect, ever since he understood that he had com­posed Verses in his Youth on the vio­lent Death of the late Queen of Scot­land his Mother, in commendation of her and of the Family of the Stuarts, which he shewed to me. He was pleased further to declare, that in case I returned from Rome with his Holiness's Approbation of the said Con­vention, he would cause it forthwith to be assembled, whereupon extraordina­ry and admirable Events would ensue; but before he proceeded to discover his purpose as to his own Person, he would negociate with the Protestant Princes of Germany, and with the prin­cipal Puritan Lords of England and Scotland, and promised that all things [Page 240] should tend to an happy end, and to the great advantage of the Catholick Church. This is the substance of all our Discourses at several times on this Subject: but for a Testimony of the Trust that this King reposed in me, I shall here insert the particulars of my Transactions on account of the Mar­riage.

A considerable Progress being made in this Negociation, the Duke of Buc­kingham arrived near London, and from one of his Houses wrote to M. d'Effiat that he was ready to treat with him about a new Affair, desiring him to come thither and to bring me along with him: We went accordingly, and the Duke told us that the King re­membering the Delays and Artifices of the Spaniards to hinder the procuring of the dispensation during the Treaty with them, was sensible that they would endeavour much more to cause it to be refused at the solicitation of France, that he was resolved not to incurr the danger of a second Affront, and that for this reason it was neces­sary that the King of France should permit the Marriage to be celebrated [Page 241] before the Dispensation; for he was in­formed that an Absolution for Actions already committed was more easily to be obtained at Rome, than a Dispen­sation to do them: Upon this the Ambassador alledged two Points, first that the King his Master had altoge­ther as much Power at the Court of Rome as the King of Spain, and secondly that his Most Christian Majesty would very willingly grant this Demand; however I seemed not to approve the last Answer, which the Duke of Buc­kingham soon perceived, and taking an occasion after Dinner to shew me his House he desired me to explain my meaning at large as to this Parti­cular; which I did, and enumerated to him divers Inconveniencies very pre­judicial to England, that would ensue upon the Consummation of this Mar­riage without a Dispensation, toge­ther with the examples of several Princes; insisting that this would griev­ously offend the Pope, that no favour could afterwards be expected from him; and that by this means the good Designs, that the King of Great Br [...]tain intended to prosecute, would be fru­strated; [Page 242] besides I believed that the King of France would never consent to it. The Duke having heard me re­plyed, that since he distrusted his own Ability to relate to the King all the Ar­guments that I had produced, he would entreat me assoon as I should come to London to compose a Letter containing these Reasons, and to di­rect it to him, which he would shew to his Majesty, and thereby supply the defect of his Memory; he recom­mended this matter very earnestly to my Care, and assured me that till it were performed nothing would be con­cluded.

We parted after this manner, and as we returned to London, M. d'Effiat told me that the Duke had promised to come to Town within four or five Days, and to bring the final Resolu­tion; but this time being expired, and the Duke not appearing, M. d'Ef­fiat grew impatient, and resolved to ride post to him. I had then finished my Letter, and delivered it into his Hands; but he met his Grace that very day in his Journey to London, and came back along with him, where [Page 243] being arrived at Night, M. d'Effia [...] immediately dispatcht a Messenger to give me notice that I should repair to his Lodgings the next Morning at Sun-rising, and that the Duke of Buc­kingham would be there to determine all things: I failed not to attend at the Hour appointed, when M. d'Effiat acquainted me that the Duke at their first meeting had enquired of him concerning my Health, and whether I had written to him, that he instant­ly gave him my Letter, and perceived by his Countenance that he was well pleased. After we had waited about two Hours his Secretary came, and ap­proaching M. d'Effiat told him with a loud Voice that I might hear, that the Duke had at Mid-night received an express Letter from the King by an ex­traordinary Courier, with strict Or­ders that he should without delay take post to meet him, and that afterwards he would return to London; having de­livered this Message he complemented us in his Name and took his leave; at which M. d'Effiat was extreamly incensed, and said, that he would write to the King to give him an accouns [Page 244] of the perfidiousness of the English, and that he ought no longer to con­fide in them: I intreated him to for­bear, and to have a little patience till matters might be accommodated, and retired to my own Lodgings, where within a few Hours after I understood that he had already sent a Dispatch to the King; thereupon doubting lest in the heat of his Passion he should have affirmed that the Negociation was quite broken off, and having an opportunity to make use of the same Courier, that had given notice to me of his Departure, and of the Pacquet that was delivered to him by M. d'Ef­fiat, I immediately wrote a little Note to the Cardinal of Richelieu, in which I assured him that the Affair was not desperate, tho perhaps it might be o­therwise represented to the King; and that I hoped that in less than eight Days all things would be concluded to his Majesty's Satisfaction: his Eminen­cy received my Letter, and I have been since informed by the late Marshal de Schomberg that it was read in a full Council and in the King's Presence.

[Page 245] Not many days passed e're the Duke of Buckingham wrote to me, that he had presented my Letter to the King, and that his Majesty referred himself wholly to me, whether I thought fit that the Dispensation should preceed the Celebration of the Marriage or not, provided that Delays were avoid­ed: I have his Letter in my custody that clearly demonstrates how far the King and he relied on me in the ma­naging of this Affair, as appears also by other Letters that I have, and by the Commission that his Majesty of Great Britain gave me to write to Rome to facilitate the said Dispensa­tion, the Original of which I have in my Hands, together with the Additi­ons written by the Duke of Bucking­ham, and dictated by the King, which plainly shew his Majesty's good Incli­nations to embrace the Catholick Faith. Afterwards when the Duke came to London, all things were con­cluded according to the effects that ensued. These Proceedings being thus far advanced I returned into France; but before my departure from London, the Duke of Buckingham desired me in [Page 246] the King's Name, to commit the prin­cipal matters to writing that related to the Spaniards, and to the Union that had been proposed, which I did and sent them to him.

Assoon as I arrived in France, I gave a particular account to the King of all things that I had performed in my Voyage; who was pleased to signify unto me that he was very well satis­fied with the good designs of the King of Great Britain, and declared that a Report was already spread abroad in France, that I treated with that King about his Conversion, and that several Persons had informed him thereof; I replied that there were the same Sus­picions in the Court of England; that the King of Great Britain had earnest­ly enjoyned me to keep the matter secret, and that therefore I was ob­liged to beseech his Majesty to do the like, which he promised me very af­fectionately; but all these generous Resolutions were made void by the Death of the King of England, the first News whereof was brought to me at Mass, by the King himself, who expressed his Regret in these Words, [Page 247] All our Hopes of England are lost; and seeing me surprized he told me that their King was dead. I shall only add that I received the marks of the ex­traordinary Kindness and Esteem that the King of Great Britain professed to me in France as well as in England; for when I went to visit his Ambassadors at Paris, they shewed to me one of his Letters: wherein he ordered them in express terms to account me as his good and faithful Friend, which was not a little serviceable in obliging them to surmount the Difficulties and Scru­ples that they had raised on the occasi­sion of certain conditions mentioned in the Dispensation, insomuch that I treat­ed with them concerning this Affair very fully and effectually, at the re­quest of Father Berulle. I could pro­duce other Testimonies of the like na­ture, but not thinking it necessary, I shall finish this Relation with the last Transaction that I managed with the Duke of Buckingham during his resi­dence at Paris; wherein I persuaded him to use his endeavours to prevail with his new King to keep a good correspondence with the Pope, and to [Page 248] that end to maintain a trusty Catho­lick Agent at Rome; but he desired that the King should first propound it, therefore I discoursed with his Majesty on this Subject, who gave his consent, and ordered me to impart it to Mon­sieur Tronson, that he might put him in mind thereof on the Road, as he accompanied the Queen of England, which I believe that the King may remember.

Given at Embrun, March 3. 1635.

I have here inserted an Addition that I made to the above-said Relation, and which was also sent to the Car­dinal of Richelieu.

The Duke of Buckingham relating to me the particular Circumstances of the Negociation with the Spaniards, during the aboad of the Prince of Wales at Madrid, informed me, that the said Prince having instantly demanded to be admitted into the company of the Infanta, and to discourse with her, was repulsed, and told that this could not be granted, unless he would first [Page 249] make profession of the Catholick Reli­gion in the presence of at least six or seven Witnesses, to which they endea­voured to persuade him with all the Artifices imaginable, but could not ob­tain their desire: nevertheless he was permitted to write to her, as he did at several times, and received an an­swer, which the Prince believed to be written with the hand of the Infanta, but it appeared afterwards to be com­posed by one of her Ladies of Honour; for upon the embarking of the Prince for England, Cardinal Sapata that at­tended him according to the order of the King of Spain, delivered a Pacquet to him sealed up, which being opened in the Vessel, there were found therein all the Letters written by him to the Infanta, folded up and sealed as he sent them. He acquainted me also, that within a few days before my ar­rival, Don Carlo Coloma Ambassador extraordinary from Spain had used his utmost Endeavours to induce him to believe that the difficulties that were raised at Rome in granting the Dis­pensation, proceeded not from the in­stance nor consent of the King his [Page 250] Master; therefore he offered and in­sisted very much thereupon, that if his Majesty would defer the conclud­ing of the agreement with France for six months, he would procure the said Dispensation, and would religiously ob­serve every Article contained in the Conditions of their Alliance that was treated in Spain, viz: To restore the Palatinate; to send considerable Sup­plies for the recovery of Guienne and Normandy; to permit a free Passage and Commerce to the East and West-Indies; and other particulars: In op­position to these Proposals I represent­ed to him divers Reasons taken from the very Discourses that he had re­hearsed to me, and from the Intrigues of the Spaniards already mentioned by him; insomuch that he was convinc­ed that all these new Offers were only so many fraudulent Artifices; by which nevertheless he confirmed that the King was moved: I gave notice thereof to M. d'Effiat, who had al­ready perceived somewhat in the Au­diences that he had obtained of his Majesty, and desired me to search in­to the truth of the matter, as I after­wards [Page 251] did; for which Service he pro­tested that he was very much obliged to me.

Amongst these Discourses he shewed to me a Letter that the Prince Pala­tin had written to him from the Hague, in which he entreated him to take care that this Condition should be inserted in the Treaty, and to disannul it in case the Spaniards refused to restore the Palatinate, and as an acknowledg­ment of this favour, and also as a testi­mony of the perpetual Friendship that he intended to contract with the said Duke, he proposed that his Daughter (who nevertheless was not above seven years old) should be instantly married to his Grace's eldest Son, to which I perceived that the Duke was much inclined; for he told me that the King was not very averse from it: However having desired him to refer this matter to me, and to hear my Opinion, I alledged to him so many Reasons, that his Majesty resolved not to oppose the rupture any longer, and the Duke not to consent to this Marriage, and both determined to conclude that of France with England; and this is the meaning [Page 252] of these Words in his Grace's Letter, bearing date the 9th of November, the Copy whereof I have here annexed, [But the care of this great Affair to which you have incited me.] The English Ca­tholicks having penetrated into the progress that was made, and well knowing his Majesty's Discourses on my behalf; the deliverance of so ma­ny Catholicks that were in Prison, and the liberty that I had taken (which was a thing never seen in England since Heresy prevailed in that Country) to administer the Sacrament of Confirma­tion in London, sent an Express thereof to Rome; at which the Spaniards being enraged, took an occasion to slander me with so many Artifices and false In­sinuations that they exasperated the Pope against me, under divers pre­tences, viz. That I went into England without the knowledg of his Nuntio; that I had confirmed People there without a Licence; and that I had visited Persons of the highest Rank in that Kingdom, notwithstanding that they were Hereticks, even the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury and the Earl of Mansfield: insomuch that I was obli­ged [Page 253] at my return into France to write an Apology, which I sent to Rome, to represent to that Court, that since I had diligently endeavoured to prevent a rupture between France and Spain, and that this Marriage should not be ce­lebrated without a Dispensation; I ought rather to be commended than blamed for performing such Actions: but not long after, I received an an­swer from M. de Bethunes, that the Pope being informed of all the cir­cumstances of this Negociation, was very well satisfied with my Conduct; I also sent the Copies of several Let­ters of the Duke of Buckingham, of M. d'Effiat Ambassador in England, and of M. de Bethunes Ambassador of Rome, which confirm all the principal mat­ters contained in this Relation: But that the Letters of M. d'Effiat may be more clearly understood, I ought to add, that I wrote to him concern­ing the malitious Accusations and De­vices that were contrived against me, and entreated him to give an account thereof to the King of Great Britain; this is the tenor of his first Letter.

[Page 254] Moreover the King of England ab­horred the Jesuits to that degree, that he not only declared that he would never consent, that the Confessor of the Princess should be of that Or­der, nor that any one of them should belong to her retinue; but his Majesty was also pleased to command me to desire the King France to change his Confessor, affirming, that this would be necessary for the Prosecution of the Designs that we had agreed upon, and would be very advantageous with respect to the Protestant Princes. Fa­ther Jaquinot coming to see me at Paris, acquainted me, that he was appointed to go into England with the Princess, and entreated me to give a good Character of his person in that Country; thereupon I freely professed to him, urging several reasons, that he would not be well received there, since I believed that he would not be suffered to appear, that he would be sent back again, and that this would produce great dissentions between these two Crowns; nevertheless to sa­tisfie him, I wrote to M. de Effiat what he had told me, and what answer I [Page 255] had given; and upon this account he sent me the Letter that the Duke of Buckingham had written to him, as the result of his third Letter, wherein he discourseth on the same Subject, and declares that he intended to deli­ver my Letters to me himself, that they might be burnt.

A Letter of the Duke of Bucking­ham, to the Arch-Bishop of Embrun.


THe Hopes that I have to see you very suddainly detain me from rendring to you the due Testimo­ny of my Gratitude, being extremely am­bitious of the Honour to embrace you at London, and pay my Respects and Thanks to you for the great Esteem and Affection that you have expressed to me, and for the satisfaction that you have given to me in your Letters: But the care of this great Affair, to which you have incited me with cogent Argu­ments, obligeth me to wave all Ceremo­nies, and to hasten our Master in bring­ing [Page 256] this Work to perfection; to which I am more inclined than to any other thing in the World, and which at pre­sent is so far advanced, that nothing seems to be wanting but your Bencdiction, which I also begg for myself, and invite you hither to bestow another here; the lasting marks whereof shall for ever re­main in my Family: The ardent desire of this Benefit hath caused me to for­get the difficulty of the journey, and your trouble; but not in the lest the acknow­ledgments that I shall owe to you, and the obligation that I shall thereby receive: In the mean time I remain,

SIR, Your most Affectionate and Humble Servant G. BUCKINGHAM.

Another Letter by the same Hand to the same Person.


I Tender to You my most hearty Thanks for communicating your Sentiments, and for the Kindness from whence it proceeds: The Liberty that you have commanded me to take, and the certain Knowledg that I have of the good Affection and Inclination of my Master have emboldened me to alter two Passages in your judici­ous and most elegant Letter, which otherwise I durst not have presumed to touch; and therefore hoping that you will esteem it as a Design to serve you I shall only endeavour to put you in mind how necessary it is to expe­dite the Marriage, leaving it to your mature deliberation whether it be requi­site that the Dispensation should preceed or follow it: if you find that there is any probability of dispatch at Rome, I think the Marriage need not be so much [Page 258] hastened: but if procrastinations and delayes be intended, it would be most convenient according to my opinion to resolve on the accomplishment thereof, and afterwards to expect the Dispen­sation; for it is easily to be imagined that his Majesty cannot with any satis­faction remain long in suspence by reason of the joy and delight that he promiseth to himself in the Issue of this excellent Prince his only Son; forasmuch as this is an Affair on which depend innumera­ble Considerations of the greatest Import­ance. You have already seen that the Treaty of Marriage with Spain hath failed, and if this should not succeed (which God forbid) there would be no Grounds, nor Hopes for the future, to treat with any Prince whatsoever of the Roman Catholick Religion; from whence it would most certainly follow, that all the Mitigations and Overtures made in favour of the Roman Catholick: in these Kingdoms would soon cease; the general Peace of Christendom would be in ap­parent danger; and the Union of the Forces of these two Crowns being dissolv­ed, no means could be found to establish such a Correspondence and assurance of [Page 259] mutual Supplies as might be able to oppose any exorbitant and ambitious Power that might arise: and if for default of the issue of so excellent a Prince these Crowns should fall into the possession of a Daughter and her Children, their Number would encrease so far as to become burthensome to these Kingdoms; and their Education might cause many Changes, according to the opinion of those that have conceived great Hopes in the consummation of the Marriage between his Royal Highness and the Princ­ess Mary. This is a consequence that your Discretion hath already foreseen, having strictly examined all the Argu­ments that can be proposed on this Sub­ject; insomuch that I shall altogether rely on your Judgment and Mediation to procure all the Expedition that can be imagined, and to confirm, and (if it were possible) to encrease the Reputation that you have gained not only with the King my Master, but also amongst all those that have the Honour to know you; who are very sen­sible that you are endowed with extra­ordinary Prudence, Integrity and Cha­rity, to which I again recommend these [Page 260] Affairs: and dayly praying to God for your Prosperity I shall remain in the indissoluble bonds and obligations, where­in your Vertue hath engaged me,

SIR, Your most Affectionate and Humble Servant G. BUCKINGHAM.

Pray be pleased to excuse the writ­ing of the Alterations in your Letter; for to keep it secret, I did not think it convenient to make use of any other Hand but my own.

THe Arch-Bishop of Embrun by many signal Services, that he performed in France before he was General of the Order of Sr. Francis, rendered himself considerable in the Esteem of the deceased King Henry the Great through the means of his [Page 261] Ambassadors, that informed his Ma­jesty of his Person and extraordinary Qualifications; insomuch that being made General of his Order, and the opportunities of continuing these Ser­vices being more frequent, he acted so prudently, and pleased the King so far, that his Majesty from that time imparted to him his most im­portant Enterprizes, and employed him in making a League Offensive and Defensive with all the Princes of Italy against Spain; in which he ob­tained good Success in the prosecuti­on of the King's Orders, and his Ma­jesty was so well satisfied with his Transactions, that he resolved to make use of him again for the same pur­pose in Germany against the House of Austria: thereupon haveing ac­quainted him with his Pleasure, he judged that he might gain greater Advantages if his Negotiation were private, and perswaded the King to vouchsafe that he should go under colour of visiting the Provinces of his Order in Germany; and to palli­ate his Design he furnished himself with divers Dispatches and Commis­sions [Page 262] from the Pope: thus under this pretence after he had received In­structions from the King, that were delivered to him by M. de Champigny his Ambassador at Venice, he departed into Germany, travelled through the whole Countrey, and passed even as far as Transylvania and Poland, pro­ceeding everywhere according to the King's Orders; the chief of which were to divide the House of Austria, and at length to take away the Em­pire from them, and to put it into the Hands of some other Family in Germany.

To facilitate the procuring of this Division there happened two favour­able Occasions; First the Discord between Matthias King of Hungary the Emperor's Brother, and the Arch-Duke Leopold his young Nephew; both pretending to a Right to be Elected King of the Romans: Second­ly the Indignation of Matthias be­cause the Emperor his Brother pre­ferred his Nephew Leopold before him. These Advantages were so well pro­secuted, that upon the Propositions that the said Arch-Bishop offered to [Page 263] Matthias of the assistence of the Forces of France, that should be re-enforced with those of the Electors of Triers and Palatin, whom he very much distrusted, he abandoned the Interests of his own Family, and resolved to enter into League with the King of France; and even obliged the Arch-Bishop to go into Transylvania to en­gage Bethlehem Gabor. The Project of withdrawing the Empire from the House of Austria was principally grounded on this Division; for Mat­thias was already advanced in years, and was not married, therefore when he should be created Emperor, either he would have no Children; or if he had any, he could not leave them capable to possess the Empire at his Death: on this account it was very probable that it might be easily trans­mitted into another Family; and this was the most powerful Motive to induce the Princes of Germany to unite with the King, and to make a League Offensive and Defensive with him. After the Arch-Bishop had concluded this Allyance in Germany he returned into France, and passed through the [Page 264] Low-Countreys; where to conceal his Negotiations with the Infanta and Nuncio of Flanders he continued to make use of the Instructions that he had received from his Holiness.

About the end of the year 1609. he arrived at Paris, where he gave an account to the King of every thing that he had performed, and deliver­ed to him the Memorials and Certi­ficates relating to these Transactions: but the King thought fit to employ him again in the League of Italy, to cause the Princes to consent to, and to sign certain new Articles that his Majesty had added. He might justly boast that the King was very well satisfied with his Endeavours; and if the late Queen-Mother were living, she would be a sufficient Witness of the Kindness and Respect that his Majesty expressed towards him: He resided about two months at Court, and three daies before he took his leave the King himself told him, that he was resolved to cause him to be promoted to the Dignity of a Cardi­nal, not at his Nomination, but as it were upon the Pope's own Inclination, [Page 265] that he might not be suspected by the other Princes; and that he might not lose the great Credit and Repu­tation that he had acquired amongst them; Monsieur de Villeroy confirmed this to him at his Departure: and indeed being arrived at Rome, he was informed by Monsieur de Breues, the Ambassador of France, that he had Orders to solicit it, and that the Pope was willing to give his consent, but the Effect was frustrated by the unfortunate and lamentable Accident of the King's Murther; nevertheless his Holiness declared to him that he intended to persist in his Purpose; and it was generally reported that he would be one of the five Cardi­nals that were to be created in the Month of August 1621, but it hap­pened otherwise; for the Procurator-General of his Order was made Car­dinal in his stead, and on the very same Evening after this Promotion Cardinal Melliny came to acquaint him that the Pope was obliged to change his Resolution, because the Ministers of Spain having penetrated into his Intentions had insisted, that [Page 266] if his Holiness made a French-man Cardinal without the Nomination of his King, he ought also to advance a Spaniard after the same manner, making great Protestations if he should act to the contrary.

Some time after, the Arch-Bishop­rick of Embrun was given to him, which caused him to return into France, and being arrived at the Court to take the Oath of Allegiance in the King's Presence, he represented to the Queen-Regent the small Reve­nue that belonged to his Arch-Bishop­rick, which did not amount to above two thousand Crowns, being abstract­ed from the Charges and great Sa­laries that were annexed to it; as it appeared by the computation that the Commissioners of the Regalia had made thereof: Her Majesty replyed thereupon, that she thought that she had been assured that it was worth much more: However remembring that Monsieur de Breues had written to her, that the Kings of Hungary and Poland had importuned him to abide in their Dominions, and more [Page 267] especially that the Count de Castres, Vice-Roy of Naples, had offered to him the Coadjutorship of the Arch-Bishoprick of Taranto, to which ap­pertained a Revenue of twenty thou­sand Crowns, the Arch-Bishop where­of was his near Kinsman, and died within six Months after; she imme­diately commanded Monsieur de Vil­leroy to treat with Monsieur de Crequy concerning the augmenting of this Pension with a thousand Crowns, that should be taken out of his Arch-Bishoprick; and promised to pay the extinction in ready Money: Moreover, she was pleased to order the said Sieur de Villeroy to put her in mind of the Arch-Bishop in case of any Vacancy; Her Majesty also further expressed her good will in sending him into Spain, where he resided by her special Command at the time of the Marriages, to observe the Actions of the Spaniards on the account of this Alliance, and prin­cipally the Duke de Lerme, with whom he was particularly acquainted, as also with many other Noble-men of Spain, that he had known in Italy: [Page 268] But all these Favours that he receiv­ed from the Queen, suddenly ceased upon the great Revolutions that hap­pened at Court. This Journey was the cause of another that he took in­to Piedmont; for the Duke of Savoy being informed by his Ambassador in Spain of the frequent Conferences that this Arch-Bishop held with the Duke de Lerme, and how much he was esteemed by the said Duke, in­terceded with the Marshal de Lesdi­guieres to persuade him to go into Piedmont: insomuch that he went thither with the King's Approbation; and it may be certainly affirmed, that he laid the first Foundation of the Peace that was afterwards con­cluded, by the means of a large Letter in form of a Relation that he wrote to the Duke de Lerme, containing the Reasons that might induce Spain to incline to this Trea­ty. Notwithstanding all these Jour­neys and vast Expences he did not neglect his Bishoprick; for he re­established therein several Rights that had been lost in the time of the Wars, redeemed five Territories and divers [Page 269] other Demesns that had been alie­nated, and after this manner encreas­ed the Revenue of the said Arch-Bishoprick; but all this could not be effected without a great deal of Trou­ble and Charge, since he was forced to sue for it, and to obtain almost 30 several Decrees. It is no less true that he found his Archi-Episcopal House so ruined, it being burnt by the Huguenots, that at his arrival at Embrun he was constrained to take Lodgings for his Family in the City; nevertheless he restored it to so good a Condition that the late King and most of the principal Nobility of France have lodged there, and have given him very great Commendati­ons on this Account: Moreover he hath expended considerable Sums of Money in divers Journeys that he undertook at the command, and in the Service of the late King, and never was reimbursed to the value of one Penny.

When he was at Paris, about the beginning of the Year 1620, the King at the persuasion of Monsieur [Page 270] de Luines, having told him that he desired to see all the Papers, Letters and Instructions that he had receiv­ed from the late King Henry the Great relating to his Negociations in Italy and Germany, he sent one of his Servants to Embrun to fetch the said Papers, amongst which was the League offensive and defensive that he had transacted with the Prin­ces of Italy; having presented the Copy of the said League and other Memorials to the late King, his Ma­jesty commanded him with his own Mouth to deliver them to M. de Luines; which he did, but could never reco­ver them out of his Hands: for af­ter the death of the said Monsieur de Luines, the late King at his re­quest, ordered Monsieur de Tronson to demand them of Monsieur de Mo­dene, who replyed that he had seen them, but that he knew not how they were disposed. It is well known what Advantages accrued to the State upon the Conversion of the late Con­stable de Lesdiguieres, which was ac­complished with great applause by the said Arch Bishop, who having [Page 271] insinuated himself into the Mind of this Noble Lord continually solicit­ed him to take this good resolution; Monsieur de Puisieux, whom he ac­quainted with these Particulars, hath given a testimony thereof in his Let­ter that he sent to him, which is al­so confirmed in another written by the King on the subject of this Con­version. According to his Majesty's Order, he accompanied the Constable at the Siege of Montpelier, and con­stantly attended him until the Month of January 1624, when he received a Letter from the King, importing an express Command that he should come unto him; assoon as he appear­ed at Court, his Majesty imparted to him the desire that he had to send him into Italy, to treat with the Princes as he had formerly done on the behalf of King Henry the Great against Spain: But the time not being convenient for such a Negociation; he ingeniously propounded his Rea­sons to the King, which his Majesty approved, and declared to him his Satisfaction therein.

[Page 272] Not long after, the King appoint­ed him to go into England; con­cerning which Voyage he hath al­ready composed a Relation for the use of the Cardinal of Richelieu, who wrote to him on purpose to desire it. It is certain that in this Voyage he was very serviceable in concluding the Marriage that was once broken off: It is no less true that he acquir­ed much Credit and Reputation with King James I. to that degree, that he not only obtained a permission to ad­minister the Sacrament of Confirma­tion in London, where above twelve thousand English Catholicks received it from his hands, and were thereby comforted and strengthened; but he also persuaded that Prince very much to incline towards a Conversion; and if he had not died so suddainly, the good Effects thereof would have appeared: the Duke of Buckingham's Letters may serve as a sufficient Te­stimony of all these Circumstances, which are specified at large in the above mentioned Relation. The late King was fully informed concerning these Transactions, insomuch that be­sides [Page 273] the Satisfaction that he express­ed to him in particular, he designed to nominate him to the Cardinalship, and signified his Intentions to Cardi­nal Bagny then Nuncio in France, who returning to Rome revealed it to the said Arch-Bishop at Avignon.

But at this time (as heretofore) the King's generous Inclinations to promote the Arch-Bishop proved in­effectuall; nevertheless he alwaies persevered to serve his Majesty with his Person and small Estate; neither could extraordinary Expences nor great Dangers divert him from this Resolution: for in the year 1630. the late King having ordered him to take care of the Passage of the Troops through his Diocese, and to furnish them with Provisions, Ammunition, and other things requisite for the Sub­sistence of the Army that was to march into Italy. Although this ob­liged him to disburse vast Summs of Money, and to incurr extreme Perils, since the Plague raged everywhere throughout his whole Diocese, so vi­olently that his Almoner and Gentle­man Usher fell sick in his own House; [Page 274] however he remained alwaies near the High-way to provide all things necessary: this may be evidently proved by the Letters of the late King and the Cardinal of Richelieu; as also by those of the Marshal de Montmorency, de Schomberg, de la Force and d'Effiat. Moreover he perform­ed other remarkable Services when the King's Forces took Pignerol; for the Arch-Bishop being informed that the Duke of Savoy intended to put a strong Garison into his Fort of Lauret in the Valley of Barcelona very near the Roads that lead to Provence and Dauphine, through which all the Pro­visions and military Ammunition were to be conveyed; to the end that they might make Incursions and seize on the Waggons and Carriages; and might by this means reduce the Ar­my to the utmost Extremity: He gave notice thereof to the Cardinal, by the Sieur d'Hugues his Nephew, at present Agent General of the Cler­gy of France, whom he sent to him on purpose: The Cardinal did not neglect this Advice, but immediate­ly dispatched Monsieur de Montreal, [Page 275] Quarter-Master, and the Abbot de Beauvau at present Bishop of Nante, who with all possible speed repaired to Embrun, with Orders to do what­soever the Arch-Bishop should think convenient on this occasion, who de­clared his opinion, gave to them the Sieur Baron d'Hugues his other Ne­phew, and afforded all manner of As­sistance, insomuch that the Fort was attacked, and the Garison compelled to surrender.


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