A New Voyage TO THE LEVANT: CONTAINING An Account of the most Remarkable Curiosities in Germany, France, Italy, Malta, and Turkey; With Histori­cal Observations relating to the Pre­sent and Ancient State of those Coun­tries.

By the Sieur du Mont.

Done into ENGLISH; and Adorn'd with FIGURES.

LONDON, Printed by T. H. for M. Gillyflower, in Westminster-Hall; T. Goodwin, at the Queen's-Head, and M. Wotton, at the Three Daggers in Fleetstreet; J. Walthoe, under the Cloisters in the Middle-Temple; and R. Parker, at the Unicorn under the Royal Exchange, 1696.

To Monsieur William de Schuylenburg, LORD of Dukenburg, Counsellor, and Clerk of the Council TO HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY.


I Have taken the Liberty to offer you a Present which perhaps will surprize you; for we are ge­nerally possess'd with an Opinion that 'tis impossible for the same Per­son to manage both a Sword and a Pen. If I had the least Inclination to pretend to the Quality of an Au­thor, I wou'd endeavour to demonstrate the Ʋnreasonableness of that Preju­dice; nor do I believe that I shou'd find it a very difficult Task to perform. [Page] I cou'd easily transcribe the Stories of so many famous Captains who were e­qually remarkable for their Wit and for their Valour; and display'd the former in their Writings with as much Honour and Success as they signaliz'd the latter in the most dangerous Bat­tles: And from these Instances I wou'd conclude that the nearest and most di­rect Way to Glory is to follow the bright Tracts of those Illustrious Heroes. But since the Prosecution of so noble an Attempt wou'd require a larger Stock of Merit and Abilities than ever I cou'd boast of, I will not be guilty of so much Vanity as to alledge those Ex­amples in my own Vindication. Nor will I trouble You with any study'd or formal Apology, since I'm confident You will be easily persuaded to forgive my Boldness in presenting You with the Observations I made during my Travels, which I thought I might communicate to the Publick without in­vading the Province, or provoking the Jealousie of Men of Letters. I made [Page] it my Recreation for some Weeks to pre­pare 'em for the Press, and shall be sa­tisfy'd if they can furnish You with any tolerable Entertainment for some Hours. Your Approbation is all the Glory, and the highest Recompence I desire. 'Tis true, I cannot ask so noble a Re­ward without discovering the Boldness of my Ambition; for you have so nice a Taste, and so exact a Judgment, that you never bestow that Favour but on such as merit Applause from all the World. But I encourage my self with reflecting on that Goodness which is so natural and peculiar to You, and even presume to hope that the Sweet­ness of Your Temper will put a fa­vourable Bias upon Your Judgment, and incline You to excuse, or at least to over-look my Errors. This, SIR, is the only Favour I beg leave to de­sire; for I never entertain'd a Thought of courting Your Protection on the Score of so mean a Present. I know that must be obtain'd by a very diffe­rent Method; nor do I hope to procure [Page] it by any other Way than that by which all Good Men who have the Happiness to be known to you, may pretend to it. 'Tis from Your Genero­sity alone that I expect so glorious an Advantage, and from that compassionate and bountiful Inclination, which has render'd You the Support of so many Illustrious Exiles, whom the Tempest of the Age has cast upon the Shores of Holland, where, by Your Favour, they have found not only a Safe but a Peaceful and Convenient Retreat, and are enabl'd to out-live the Loss of all their Hopes and Fortunes. Since then a Man of Honour may assure himself of Your Protection without being ob­lig'd to bribe Your Favour, I might be justly accus'd both of Folly and In­justice if I shou'd endeavour to obtain it by indirect Methods. No, Sir, I never harbour'd so criminal a Thought; and the only reason why I make bold to consecrate the Fruit of my Travels to You, is because this Dedication will furnish me with an Opportunity to ac­knowledge [Page] the vast Debt I owe You. The Iniquity of Fortune made me in­capable of expressing the Sense I have of Your Goodness; and I can assure You, that Consideration alone sate hea­vier upon me than all the rest of my Disasters. And is it not natural for a Man in such a Condition to embrace the first Occasion he can meet with of satisfying in some Measure the extreme Desire he has to express his Gratitude? Permit me then to acknowledge that I have receiv'd very considerable Favours from You, that You bestow'd 'em in the most obliging Manner imaginable, that I never merited 'em, that You cou'd not have the least Reason to believe that ever I cou'd requite 'em, and consequently that You were only acted by a Principle of doing Good, without the least hope of a Return. This, Sir, is what I desire to publish to all the World; this is the only Mo­tive that incited me to prefix this Let­ter to those which You will find in the Body of the Treatise; and to convince [Page] You that I had no other Design in my View, I shall pnrposely avoid the usual Strain of De­dications, and save You the trouble of read­ing those Praises which Your Merit chal­lenges from all the World, and Your Mode­sty will not receive even from Your best Friends. 'Tis not without extreme Reluctan­cy that I decline so inviting a Subject; and I had almost made bold to tell You, that You were oblig'd to me for my Silence. You know what a vast Field lies before me, and with how much Pleasure and Satisfaction I wou'd have made Use of this Opportunity to acquaint the World with Your unalterable Love to Your Country, Your inviolable Fidelity to the State, Your Zeal and Affection to His Ma­jesty's Service, Your extraordinary Abilities and Capacity for the Management of those impor­tant Affairs that are intrusted to Your Care; the Clearness and Quickness of Your Apprehen­sion, the Solidity of Your Judgment, Your uncommon Generosity, the charming Sweetness of Your Temper, Your incorruptible Probity, and all the other eminent Vertues and Endow­ments, which hath gain'd You the Esteem and Admiration of all the World. 'Twou'd be an [Page] endless Task to mention all those rare aud no­ble Qualities which have so justly intitl'd You to the Favour of the greatest King in the World. But I must not forget my Promise, and therefore shall content my self with ad­miring you in Silence, after I have begg'd Leave to assure You that I am, and shall ever remain, with a profound Respect,

Your most Humble and most Obedient Servant, Du Mont.


THE Custom of Writing Prefaces has been so long establish'd, and is grown so common, that what was former­ly look'd upon as a Courtesie, is now reckon'd a Duty: and if the Reader be not coax'd into good Humour, he thinks himself engag'd in Honour to resent the Affront, and the Book must be damn'd for the Clown­ishness of the Author. But tho' I dare not venture to send this Treatise abroad without so necessary an Ornament, I must confess I'm somewhat puzzl'd how to begin my Address. 'Tis true, I might pretend a Right (and per­haps as justly too as many others) to that thread-bare Excuse of common Scriblers; that neither my Humour, nor Profession inclines me to set up for an Author, that this Treatise was compos'd and design'd for my own pri­vate Use, that I happen'd to shew it to some Friends, and was at last constrain'd by their perpetual and resistless Importunities, to con­sent to its Publication. But tho' I shou'd spoil my Compliment to the Reader, I will neither endeavour to court his Favour, nor save my Credit by a Lie: that is, I will not [Page] pretend that I was either forc'd or perswaded to a thing which I chose for a Diversion in my Winter-Quarters, where I spent my time in revising and putting in Order the Notes I had taken during my Travels. As to the Method I have observ'd in communicating my Observations, besides other Advantages 'tis certainly most convenient for a Man of my Profession. One that is not accustom'd to Writing, expresses his Thoughts more easily in familiar Letters than in a continu'd Discourse: for he is neither acquainted with the Niceties of a correct Style, nor able to pre­serve an exact Ʋniformity and Connexion in so great a Variety of Matter.

'Twou'd be a difficult and laborious Task to answer all the Objections that may be made against this Work: And therefore since I am not naturally over-fond of making Apologies, I'm resolv'd to let it go at a venture, and take its Fate among the Criticks, without gi­ving my self the Trouble to consider, much less to prevent or confute their Censures. How­ever it must be acknowledg'd, that 'tis the Design of all Authors, and mine in particu­lar, to please, and therefore it will not be im­proper to be speak the Reader's Favour, since he must shortly become my Judge: and I may justly desire to be heard before my Doom be pronounc'd.

In the first place, I expect to be censur'd for writing on a Subject which has been al­ready handl'd by so many Learned and In­quisitive Travellers, and seems to be quite ex­hausted [Page] by the vast Number of Relations with which they have oblig'd the Public. In An­swer to this Objection, I might content my self with desiring the Reader to consult the Prefaces of those Authors who have treated on the same Subject; but without giving him the Trouble of perusing their Reasons, I can assure him, that in the following Letters he will meet with several Observations that are omitted by other Travellers. I made it my principal Business to observe the Manners and Customs of the People, which are subject to frequent and considerable Alterations; and consequently I may, without Vanity, affirm, that my Remarks will furnish the Reader with a fresher, and more diverting Entertainment, than the dry Relations of a meer Antiquary or Geographer. Neither is the Subject so barren nor so much exhausted, as the Objection supposes, and we commonly imagine it to be. A hundred Au­thors have handl'd it before me, and in all Pro­bability a hundred more will treat of it after me. But almost every Writer pursues a dif­ferent Method, and takes Notice of some Things that were neglected by others: and tho' I have related nothing but what I have seen or heard, I shall be always glad to per­use the Writings of succeeding Travellers, and may perhaps find several considerable Re­marks in their Relations that had escap'd my own Observation.

'Tis true there are some Things so particu­larly describ'd in the Relations of other Tra­vellers, that I chose rather to omit many beau­ful [Page] Descriptions with which I might have em­bellish'd my Work, than to transcribe or re­peat the Observations that are already com­municated to the Public. As for Example; what cou'd I have added to the exact Ac­count of the Roman Pantheon, Capitol, Colli­seum, &c. of the Palace of S. Mark at Venice, of the Great Council, and a thousand other Things of that Nature? 'Twill perhaps be objected, that for the same Reason I ought to have omitted several other Descriptions, which I have taken care to insert in my Let­ters; but to remove that Prejudice 'twill be sufficient to put the Reader in mind that there is so necessary a Connexion between my Old and New Observations, that I cou'd not possi­bly mention the latter, without taking Notice of the former. 'Tis true, I cannot pretend the same Excuse for that part of my Book, where I treat of the Egyptian Pyramids, of Cairo, and the Ruines of Alexandria: But there is something so wonderful and surpri­zing in those Celebrated Monuments of An­tiquity, that I concluded the curious Reader wou'd be glad of an Opportunity to refresh his Memory by Reading the Two Letters I have written on that Subject: and as for those who are already so well acquainted with these Curiosities, that they cannot im­ploy their Time with Pleasure in Reading a New Account of 'em, they may easily save themselves that Trouble, by skipping over Ten or Twelve Leaves.

[Page] The same Answer may serve for those who win [...] apt to censure me for inserting in my Two first Letters, an Abridgment of the Cam­pagne in Germany in 1689. and of the Barbarities that were committed by the French in that Country. And besides, I must beg Leave to tell those Gentlemen, that several Men of Sense are of a very different Opinion, and esteem that an Ornament, which they perhaps may reckon a Fault.

I cou'd easily dispatch such nibbling Criticks if I were not afraid of being attack'd by more formidable Adversaries, who will abso­lutely condemn all those little Stories which I thought fit to insert in my Work; either to give the Reader a clearer and more compre­hensive Idea of the Genius and Customs of the People of whom I have occasion to discourse, or for some other Reasons that need not be menti­on'd. Since I must expect to be treated with the utmost Rigour and Spite by such peevish and merciless Censurers; I do not think my self oblig'd either to submit to their Judgment, or to appease their Anger. And therefore I shall content my self with telling 'em plainly, that they may lay aside my Book, when they meet with any Thing in it that offends 'em, and that I shall be equally unconcern'd whether they approve or condemn it.

The Reader may easily perceive, that I de­sign'd not to have ended my Relation at Ve­nice. I thought, in a Second Part, to have given an Account of Germany, Holland, and Flan­ders: but the time of Staying in our Winter-Quarters [Page] being expir'd, I was oblig'd to quit my Closet for the Field, before I had finish'd my intended Work. In the mean time, if the First Part meet with an encouraging Re­ception, the Second shall be completed next Winter; if not, I must e'en take my Rest, or find out some other Employment; for I ne­ver was, nor will be of an Humour to cloy the Public with my Writings.


  • LETTER I. THE Design of the two first Letters. Description of Spire. The Bone of a Man who was Twen­ty five Foot high. Of the Burning of the City, and the Consternation of the Inhabitants. Of the Plundering of the Town, and the Sacrileges that were Committed on that Occasion. Treasure found in the Jesuites House. Description of Manheim. Of the razing of that City. Several other Towns demolish'd. 1
  • LETTER II. Relation of the Campaign in Germany. The Elector of Brandenburg takes Keiserwaert, and sits down before Bonn. Mentz besieg'd by the Dukes of Ba­varia and Lorrain. Heidelberg invested by the Ma­reschal de Duras, who is forc'd to raise the Siege Seven Days after. Description of the City. The same Mareschal burns Wiselock and Sinsennes. Disor­ders committed by his Army. Wingarten and Bruchsal taken. Cocheim storm'd by Monsieur de Boufflers, who afterwards makes himself Master of [Page] several other Places. The Mareschal de Duras con­tinues his March, and burns Baden, Durlach, and all Wirtemberg. Description of Baden. Descripti­on of Durlach. The Author Arrested. Mentz re­duc'd. Description and History of Strasburg. 19
  • LETTER III. Description and History of Metz. Description if Nan­ci and Langres. History and Description of Di­jon. 25
  • LETTER IV. The Author travels in Company with a Priest, who pre­tends to be acquainted with Charms. Description of Lions. The Mareschal de Feuillade's pleasant Re­partees to the Archbishop of that Place. Account of the Vaudois, 32
  • LETTER V. History and Antiquity of Vienne in Dauphiné. Story of a Beggar. Description and History of Grenoble. Description of a Cistertian Monastery. Description of Chamberi, Montmelian, S. John de Morienne, and Mount Cennis. Description of Tunis, 42
  • LETTER VI. Description of Pignerol. Of the dangerous Passage over Mount Genevre. The Author stopt at Sisteron. De­scription [Page] of that Town. Description of Aix in Pro­venc [...]. History of Provence. Mildness of its Cli­mate. Advantages of its Soil. Description of the Turfe's or Earth-Apples that are found there, 57
  • LETTER VII. History of Marseilles. The strange Aversion of the In­bitants against the French. Description of the City. Of the New Town. Of the Abbey of S. Victor. Of the Galleys. The Deplorable Condition of the Galley-Slaves. Of the Arsenal, 70
  • LETTER VIII. Description of S. Baume. The unusual Stature of Mary Magdalen. By what Accident she came to Provence. Of the Relick of that Saint at S. Maximin. Of the Amphitheatre at Arles. Of the Obelisk. Of the Foundation of Nismes. The Temple of Diana. The Tower Magne. The Square House. The Civil and Free Temper of the People of Languedoc. History of two unfortunate Lovers. Another of S. Anthony's Ghost at Marseilles 81
  • LETTER IX. Of the Isles of If. Of the Bravery of the People of Pro­vence. Of the Republio of Genoa. Ways to prevent the dangerous Effects of Bombs and Granadoes. Ge­neral Remarks on Italy. Of the Curtezans. Of the Luxury that reigns under the Pontificate of Alexan­der VIII. Compar'd with that of Innocent XI. [Page] Abuses occasion'd by the Privileges granted to Churches as places of Refuge. Of the unusual Dexterity of a certain Florentine in avoiding a Musket-Bullet. 100
  • LETTER X. Of a furious Tempest, in which a little Boy was carry'd from one End of the Ship to the other. A Story of another Accident almost of the same Nature, which happen'd during a Storm of Lightning at the Castle of Guernsey. The Author's Arrival at Malta. The quick Return of a Messenger that was sent from Malta to Provence. Abridgement of the History of Malta. How it was besieg'd by Sinan Bassa. The Strength and Beauty of the City Valette. Of the Arsenal. of S. John's Church. Ceremonies ob­serv'd at Malta in the performing of Divine Ser­vice. The Antiquity and Institution of the Order. Its present Condition. Of the Hospital, and how diseas'd Persons are entertain'd in it. 115
  • LETTER XI. Of the Dryness and Barrenness of Malta. The extraor­ordinary Heat of the Climate. The Manners and Customs of the Inhabitants. Two Stories on that Sub­ject. Of the great Number of Curtezans in the Island. The Habit of the Women. Of the Bonnes Vogues. Tyrannical Proceedings of the Inquisition. S. Paul's Grotto. Of the common Opinion that there are no Serpents in Malta. 131
  • [Page]LETTER XII. The Ruines of Troy. The two Castles at the Mouth of the Hellespont. The admirable Prospect of Con­stantinople from the Sea Marmora. The Character of Monsieur de Chasteauneuf, the French Am­bassador at the Port. History of Constantinople. The Purity of the Air. The Extent of the City. Of its Strength and Buildings. Of the Besestin and Hip­podrome. Fabulous Traditions concerning the Em­peror Leo Isaurus. Description of Santa Sophia. History of its Foundation. Description of the Mosquee built by the Sultaness Validé. 142
  • LETTER XIII. Arsenal of Constantinople. Description of the Hans and Karavanserai. Inconveniencies of Travelling in Turkey. The French Ambassador sends his Secreta­ry to Poland; and for what Reasons. Description of the Seraglio. Sultan Amurat's Severity. Mon­sieur de Chasteauneuf receives an Audience from the Caimacan. Their Compliments and Discourse. Cere­monies observ'd at the Audience. Description of the Caimacan's House. 160
  • LETTER XIV. The Sultan's magnificent Entry into Constantinople. The Order of the Cavalcade. The French Ambas­sador expresses a great deal of Joy on this Occasion. The Way how Moneys are transmitted to him for Se­cret [Page] Service. Story of two French Engeneers. The French come over to the Turks in great Numbers. A remarkable Story of a Spy sent by the Empe­ror. 175
  • LETTER XV. Of the Liberty which the Greeks enjoy in Scio. Of the City of Scio. Of the Mastick that grows in the Island. A pleasant Story of S. Anthony's Image. Turks and Christians join in some superstitious Rites. Of the Schools of Homer. Of the free Way of li­ving in Scio. The Habit of the Inhabitants. 185
  • LETTER XVI. Of the Island of Stanchio, where Hippocrates and Ap­pelles were born. Abridgment of the History of Rhodes. Description of the City. The Head of a Dragon. Of the Rhodian Colossus. The Author's Arrival at Cyprus, where he sees a Man with four Arms. Arrival at Alexandria. Description of that City. Pompey's Pillar. Remarks upon that Co­lumn. Catacombs near Alexandria. Manner of Divining among the Arabs. A Story on that Sub­ject. An Account of the Arabs, and their manner of living. 194
  • LETTER XVII. The Aegyptian Pyramids. An Idol Twenty six Foot high. Catacombs, or Subterraneous Vaults, in which the Mummy is found. Ruines of M [...]phis. [Page] Abridgment of the History of Cairo. Description of that City. The Castle of Cairo, Joseph's Palace, and Well. Of Maltharea, where there is a Spring of Water. A Story of the Blessed Virgin. 211
  • LETTER XVIII. Of Smyrna. Of the Ancient and Present State of that City. Relation of an Earthquake. Authority of the Consuls of the Franks. The Author puts himself [...] ­der the Protection of Holland, and receives a Thou­sand Civilities from the Cons [...] of that Nation. 223
  • LETTER XIX. The Aritrarness of the Turk ish Government. The Dignity and Authority of the Grand Visier. Of the Bassa's and Grandees of the Empire. The Weak­ness of the Government is the Cause of those frequent Disorders that disturb the Quiet of the Empire. Of the Administration of Justice. Of the Cadi's, Bas­sa's, and Vaivods. Of the other Officers, and their Jurisdictions. Story of a Judge who was brib'd to acquit a Malefactor. Several kinds of Punishment in Turkey. Pleasant Stories which the Magistrates tell of each other. 232
  • LETTER XX. The Turks believe there were Four Prophets sent by GOD, Enoch, Moses, Christ, and Mahomet. Their fondness for Predestination. Of the White and [Page] Black Angels. Their Opinion concerning the Union of the Soul and Body. Their Ablutions and Devotions. Their Lent. Their Charity. Their Kindness to Dogs. A Dog Arraign'd, Condemn'd, and Executed. A Battel between the Dogs and Jaccals. Turkish Con­ceits about the Plague. 249
  • LETTER XXI. Turkish Genius opposite to ours. Their lazy Manner of Living. Their Skill in Horsemanship. Of Servants Wages. Habit of the Men. Of Marriage, and keeping of Concubines. Punishment of Whores. Of the Way which the Women take to declare an amo­rous Passion. A Story on that Subject. Severity of Husbands. Another Story. Habit of the Women. Their Way of Painting. Their Beauty and Neatness. Their frequent Bathing. The Turkish Music. Several Kinds of Dances. Puppet-Shows. Of the Turkish Salu­tations and Civility. Of Persons of Quality in Tur­key. A blunt Repartee. 261
  • LETTER XXII. The Slavery of the Greeks. Their Habit. Dances. Opinion concerning the Marks of Virginity. Saluta­tion on Easter-Day. Their Separation from the Ro­mish Church, and the Reasons they give for it. The Points of Doctrine in which they differ from the Ro­manists. Of the Procession of the Holy Ghost. Of Purgatory. Of Communion under both Kinds. Of Leaven'd Bread. Of the Celibacy of the Clergy. The Habit of the Priests and Religious Persons. The Structure of their Churches. They believe Tran­substantiation. [Page] And worship Images. Their Man­ner of Painting. A short Account of the Armeni­ans. Opinion of the Greeks concerning Bodies that remain uncorrupted in the Grave. Funeral Ceremo­nies. Weeping-Women. Jewish Impostors. Character of the Jews. Their Superstition, Jealousie, and Ha­bit. 381
  • LETTER XXIII. Arrival of Five Barbary Ships: A particular Account of the Disorders committed by those Barbarians about a Year ago. The French Consul quarrels with the Ca­puchins. He is govern'd by the Jesuits. Character of the Jesuits. Ignorance of the Turks, and their surprizing Neglect of the Public Interest. Arabian Divination. A Story on that Subject. The Turks much addicted to the Study of the Philosophers Stone. 301
  • LETTER XXIV. History of Mahomet IV. Emperour of the Turks. He loses the Battel of Hersan. The Army revolts against him. He is depos'd by the Grandees of the Em­pire. His Brother Soliman advanc'd to the Throne. The Caimacan endeavours to make his Escape in a French Vessel. He flies towards the Black Sea: is taken and Beheaded. A new Insurrection against So­liman, in which the City and Galleys are set on Fire. The Emperour retires to Adrianople. The Duke of Bavaria takes Belgrade. The Prince of Baden ob­tains three great Victories: and makes himself Ma­ster of several Places. The Visier Ismael depos'd. [Page] The Bassa Kopergli Oglon put in his Place: He is kill'd at the Battle of Salankemen. Proposals of Peace. Story of a Venetian Captain, who put him­self under the Protection of France. Death of the Emperour Soliman. Advancement of his Brother Ach­met. Tragical End of Mustapha Aga. 314
  • LETTER XXV. The French Ambassadour comes to Adrianople: And breaks the Treaty of Peace. Death of the English Ambassadour. Count Marsigli assassinated. An Ita­lian turns Turk. Ceremonies observ'd at the Recei­ving of a Renegado. The Bones of a Man Twen­ty Foot high, found at Thessalonica. The Author prepares for his Departure. News of Count Marsigli's Recovery. 331
  • LETTER XXVI. Death of Signior Stephano. The Ship's Company take him for a Sorcerer. Description of the Isle of Millo. Of Argentiere. Of Zant. A pleasant Story of the Prince of Brunswick's Amours with a Courtezan. Description of Ragusa. Of the Government of that Republic. Prospect of Venice, Description of the New Lazaretto. Orders observ'd there. Of the Inquisiti­on of State. Spies entertain'd by that Tribunal. The Author in Danger of feeling their Severity. 339
  • [Page]LETTER XXVII. Of the E [...]tent of Venice. Of its Strength. Whether it be impregnable. Reasons why it is not fortified. Observations on the Canals. Of the Streets. Of S. Mark's Place. The Broglio. The Procuraties. The Palace of S. Mark. S. Mark's Church. The Arsenal. Beauty of the Venetian Palaces. Of the Ridotti or Gaming-Houses. 354
  • LETTER XXVIII. Degrees of the Venetian Nobility. Advantages of the poor Nobles. Extravagant Ceremonies observ'd by the Venetians in their Salutations: In Discourse and Let­ters. Titles given to Persons according to their seve­ral Ranks. The Doge a gawdy Slave. History of Francis Moresini, the present Doge. The Procura­tor Moresini's public Entry. Edicts against Luxury. Of the Knights of S. Mark. Of the Forces of the Republic. Of the Condition of the Officers and Sol­diers. Of the Ships that belong to the Republic. S. Mark, represented under the Figure of a Lyon. Hi­story of that Lyon. The Venetian Nobles extremely civil to Strangers. Of the Bravo's. Habit of the Nobles. 372
  • LETTER XXIX. Of the Gondola's, and of the Dexterity of the Gondo­liers. Festival after Ascension-Day. Of the Ve­netian Ladies, and the Liberty they enjoy. Of the [Page] Pleasure and Advantage of Marsquerades. Of the Venetian Astrologers. Of Girls that come to the Fair. Of their Dress. Of the Way of Buying 'em. Opinion of the Italians concerning the Marks of Vir­ginity. Of the Courtezans. A pleasant Story. Of the Opera's and Comedies. History of Pope Alex­ander VIII. Ridiculous Opinion of the Italians con­cerning the French Customs. 394
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