Nescio qua natale solum dulcedine cunctos
Du [...]it et immemores non si [...]i [...] esse sui.

THE ANTIQUITIES OF WARWICKSHIRE ILLUSTRATED; From Records, Leiger-Books, Ma­nuscripts, Charters, Evidences, Tombes, and Armes: BEAUTIFIED With Maps, Prospects and Portraictures


Cuncta aperit secreta dies, ex tempore verum
Nascitur, & veniens aetas abscondita pandit.

LONDON, Printed by Thomas VVarren, in the year of our Lord God, M.DC.LVI.


THAT all things perish by Age and time, or some unhappy accidents, is a thing not to be denied; the consi­deration whereof, hath not a little incited me to the undertaking of this present work; which, after no small cost and pains, being thus finished, I offer unto you my Noble Coun­triemen, as the most proper Persons, to whom it can be presented; wherein you will see very much of your worthy Ancestors, to whose memory I have erected it, as a Monumentall Pillar, and to shew in what Honour they lived in those flourishing Ages past.

In this kind, or not much different, have divers persons in Forrein parts, very learnedly written; some whereof I have noted in my Preface: And I could wish that there were more that would adventure in the like manner for the rest of the Counties of this Nation, considering how acceptable those are, which others have already performed, though but brief­ly; viz. the Perambulation of Kent, by Mr. Lambard: The Survey of Cornwall, by Mr. Carey of Anthonie: The Descri­ption of Leicestershie, by Mr. Burton; and the Antiquities of Canterbury, by my speciall friend Mr VVilliam Somner: To which I may adde A short view of Staffordshire, by Mr. Samp­son Erdswike (late of Sandon in that Countie) not yet publisht; a Gentleman whose memorie is very precious in those parts for his great knowledge in Antiquities.

What I have said of our VVarwick-shire Families, is whil'st [Page] they have been seated in the Countie; and, where I could, pointing briefly at their extractions: for to have gone farther would have been both improper, as out of my bounds, and impossible for me to effect, as may well be deemed by those that understand what a taske it is to find out authorities for the asserting of no more than one Descent. Great is the commen­dation that is justly due to most of you, for promoting this publique work, by so noble a freedom to me in the sight of your antient Charters and Evidences, which have afforded al­so many notable discoveries in relation to others aswell as your selves: Nor is it a little honour you deserve for that pious, though due respect, shewed to your dead Ancestors, by repre­senting to the world a view of their Tombes, and in some sort preserving those Monuments from that fate, which Time, if not contingent mischief, might expose them to.

But principally must I acknowledge the signall furthe­rance, which this Work hath received by my much honou­red Friend Sir Simon Archer Knight, a person indeed natural­ly qualified with a great affection to Antiquities, and with no small pains and charge, a diligent Gatherer and preserver of very many choice Manuscripts, and other rarities, whereof I have made speciall use, as almost every page in the Book will manifest.

That this my endeavour will have a candid acceptance, I no whit doubt; my principall ayme having been, by setting before you the noble and eminent Actions of your worthy Ancestors, to incite the present and future ages to a vertuous imitation of them; the continued welfare, and lasting honour of your selves and hopefull posterity, being the unfeigned wishes, of

Your most devoted and humble servant William Dugdale.



IT is little lesse than twenty years since I had the happinesse to be first known to you, and to receive your encouragement to go on in the getting of fit materialls for the work I have now at last (through God's assistance) though with no small dif­ficulty, accomplished; towards which I had then made some little progress: wherein I ever found you so great and constant a favourer of my endeavours, not only by the free opening unto me your choise and costly Treasurie of extraordinarie rarities, whereof the margents of the Book will declare what great use I have made; but by procuring for me, both accesse to most of the publique Records in this Nation, and affording me the chief support I then had, whilst I laboured therein. So that, besides your great deserts, as a principall Mecoenas of learning, and more especially of Antiquities, wherein your skill and know­ledge far surpasses any within the compasse of your own Orbe (the Nobility) that I know, and therefore the more fit to judge thereof; the influence that this work hath had from your Lordship, doth justly challenge a publique and gratefull acknowledgment, which I hope will not be wanting from all persons, especially those that it concerns, as it hath from me, [Page] who with abundant thankfulnesse for these high favours, do now present it to you.

Had I been farther happy in your judicious assistance, and advice for its fabrick and composure, I am sure it would have appeared much more beautifull than now it is; but that, through your distance from hence, by reason of our sad di­stractions, could not be expected. Such therefore as it is, I humbly offer to your Lordship, well knowing that your goodnesse will accept thereof, rather as a testimonie of my gra­titude, than any other merit, from

Your Lordship's most obliged servant and honourer William Dugdale.


THat the prefixing an Introduction to this present work, is as essentiall as the Porch to a greater building will not be doubted; I shall therefore, by way of Preface, speak briefly of Historie in generall, and then of that which may most properly usher in the following Discourse.

It is Historie, saith an eminent Sr. Walt. Ralegh in the Preface to his Hist. of the World. person, that hath given us life in our understanding since the World it self had life and beginning, even to this day; and carried our know­ledge over the vast and devouring space of many thousand years, having made us acquain­ted with our dead Ancestors, and out of the depth and darknesse of the Earth delivered us their memorie and fame. And as this is no little satisfaction to all discreet men, so may it be of much advantage, in regard that by a serious observance of the Actions that former times have produced, with their circumstances and issues, a far greater knowledge may be obtained, than the longest life can otherwise afford.Ord. vit. in prologo ad Hist. Eccl. p. 321. Hence is it, that the Antients have bestowed such paines in this kind, as hath been long ago noted by an old Writer; Anteriores nostri, quoth he, ab antiquis temporibus labentis seculi excursus prudenter inspexerunt, & bona seu ma­la mortalibus contingentia, pro cautela hominum notaverunt, & futuris temporibus semper prodesse volentes, scripta scriptis accumulaverunt: Hoc nimirum videmus à Moyse & Da­niele factum, &c.

As for the work itself, it is an Illustration of the Antiquities with which my native Coun­trie (Warwickshire) hath been honoured; in accomplishing whereof, I have spent the chiefest of my time for much more than twenty years, diligently searching into the vast Treasuries of publique Records, besides a multitude of Manuscripts, originall C [...]arters and Evidences in private hands, as the margents where they are cited do manifest: therein imitating Polybius, Livie, Suetonius and Tacitus, who made speciall use of the publique Records of Rome, which were preserved at their Temple of the Nymphs, and at that of L [...]bertie in the Aventine (as ours in the Tower of London and the Rolls chiefly are) so likewise Thucidides, and of later times Sigonius in his de Regno Italiae, Du Tillet in that of France, and divers more, whereof the learned Selden In his Ep [...]st. to Aug. Vin­cen [...]'s Discov. of Errors &c hath most judiciously taken notice.

Nor do I want example for Discourses of this kind scil. the Antiquities of particular Coun­tries, Places, and Families [...] by men of eminent learning; witness that of Provence in France by Impr. Lugd. 1614. Caesar Nostradamus; of Brescia (a Citie in Italie) by O [...]tovius Rossus; Impr. Bresciae 1616. of Langue­doc by Impr. To­losae 1634. Guil. Catel; of Bresse and Bugey by Sam. Guichenon; and very lately of Flan­ders by Anth. Sanderus, who hath most exquisitely represented, by curious Cuts, the Cities, Towns, Monasteries, Colledges, and Gentlemens Houses of note, in those parts, for the better ornament of his Storie.Impr. Lugd. 1650.

Perhaps there are some who may expect in this my undertaking, that I should ascend much higher with my discourse of divers Places and Families than I have done,Vide W. Malm. f. 19 b. n. 40. &c. Et Chron. Ethelwar­di f. 478. a. n. 40. supposing it as possible to speak of the Saxons times, as those since the Norman Conquest: but to the considera­tion of such I shal offer, what likelyhood there is, that Memorialls of any thing could be preser­ved, where War did so much abound: For in the time of the Saxon Heptarchie most certain it is, that there was no little striving by those petty Kings to enlarge their Dominions, whereby great wast and spoil was occasioned: And no sooner had King Egbert subdued the Northern Britans, with those that inhabited Cornwall, overcome Be [...]nulph King of Mercia, united Kent, Surrey, the South and East-Saxons to his West-Saxon Kingdom (being therefore reckoned the first English Monarch) and left the possession of all to his son Ethelwolph, which hapned in the year DCCCXXXVI. from our Saviour's Incarnation, but that the Danes, with other barbarous Northern Nations began to infest this Kingdom, vehemently afflicting and wasting the land by the space of CCCXXX. years, even unto the coming of the Normans, sparing neither age nor sex, as saith mine Author R. Hoved. f. 236. b. n. 40., ita Asser. Menev. de Elfredi re­bus gestis p. 34. ut mirum in modum illiterati Comi­tes penè omnes: nay the very Clergie themselves were so ignorant, as that in the begin­ning of King Aelfred's reign (which was about the year DCCCLXXII.) there were few Priests on the South of Humber that understood Ex pr [...]f. Ep [...]st. Regis Elfredi ad Past. S. Greg. the Latine service, or that could translate any writing from Latine into English.

Neither did they much minde learning, till a little before the Conquest by Duke William, as may appear by the testimonie of an authentique Writer W. Malm. f. 57. a. n. 50. &c., who saith. Non paucis ante ad­ventum [Page] Normannorum annis, &c. Not few years before the coming of the Normans, the Clergie were content with disorderly learning, being scarce ab [...]e to stammer out the words of the Sacrament; he which understood the Grammar being admired of the rest. So that it is not such a merveil that we have [...]o more light of storie to guide us in those el [...]er times, as tis a wonder there is any thing at all left to us, by reason that learned men were exceeding scarce, and that the Monasteries, which were the preservers of what is left to us of that kind, suffered such miserie by those barbarous people, who were grown so powerfull in this Realm, that for fear of loosing all, King Edmund Math Westm. in an 940. Et R Hoved. [...]. [...]42 b. n. 40. was constrained to yeild, that Aulafe King of Nor­way should enjoy the whole Land from Watling street Northwards: The like agreement in the year M. XIII. in the reign of King Ethelred, were the people forced to, by Sueno King of Denmark.

Math. Wes [...]m in an. 1013.But to come neerer to my purpose: forasmuch as 'tis a single Countie, which is the subject of this following tract; and that I have proceeded therein by viewing each Hundred apart, I re­solve in the first place, to take notice of what antiquitie the division of this Realm, into Shires and Hundreds is said to be; for of the positive time when it was first cast into Counties our best Historians, for want of good light (by reason of the Warrs and distra [...]ions before spoken of) are to seek; Ingulphus Ingulphi Hist. [...] 495. b. referring it to King Aelfred, abo [...]t the year DCCCC. which was to­wards the end of his reign; H. Huntendon H. Hunt. lib. 1 [...]. 170. b. l. 30 to King Egbert (by circumstance) who [...]egan his reign in Anno DCCC. for these are his words— Postquam autem Reges West-Seaxe coe­teris praevaluerunt, & Monarchiam obtinuerunt, terras per XXXV. Provincias sibi divi­serunt.

Now, that it was King Egbert (the West-Saxon) that so united the Heptarchie, is plain enough; but they are both short: for there is no doubt, but some division thereof into Coun­ties, was long before, though not directly the same throughout that was afterwards by King Egbert; otherwise, why were Egga and Leuricus (witnesses to King Ethelbald's Foundation-Charter of Crowland) in anno DCCXVI. stiled Ingul Hist. [...]. 485. [...]. l 48. the one Comes Lincolniae, and the other Comes Leicestriae? Besides, as Mr. Selden Tit of Honour p. 2. Cap. 5. § 3. from Ina [...]King of the West-Saxons in anno Dccxx) his Laws Leges Inae. C [...]p. 36. [...]pud. Br [...]mp­ton M S. Cap. 31. [...]t vi [...] cap. 8. observes, If any Ealdorman were guilty of an escape, he was to forfeit his Shire, perdat suum Comitatum, as the old Latin translation hath it: So that, had there not been Counties then, this could not have been said: Therefore what Ingulphus men­tions as to the first division of this Realm into Counties and Hundreds by King Aelfred, was doubtles [...] meant of Hundreds only, however his pen slipt: For VVilliam of Malmesbury, who mentioneth the occasion of that King's constitution of the Hundreds only, delivereth the same reason that Ingulphus by that mistake doth for Counties and Hundreds both—Et Will. Malm f. 24 a. n. 40. quia oc­casione Barbarorum &c. That by example of the Danes the naturall Inhabitants were gree­dy of spoil, so that no man could passe to and fro, in safetie, without defensive weapons; Aelfred therefore ordained Centuries, which they terme Hundreds; and Decimes which they call Tithings,Chron. Ecc [...] Dunelm m bib [...]. Bodl. [...]. 4. b. that every English man living under Law, should be within some Hun­dred and Tithing; and if he were accused of any transgression, he should forthwith bring in some one of the same Hundred and Tithing, that would be his suretie to answer the Law; but if he could find none such to undertake for him, then to abide the severitie of the Law: And if any guilty person should fly, before or after his giving such securitie, that then all within the Hundred and Tithing should be fined to the King.

To give some reason why they were called Counties, I shall here exhibite the authoritie of an antient MS. which making mention of Osulph Earl of Northumberland, hath these words — Nec inv [...]n [...]ur, quod ante p [...]aedictum Osulphum temp. Re­gi [...]. Ed [...]di [...] in an. 946. Comitem, aliquis fuerat Comes Northumbriae, & per consequens nec ibi Comitatus; quia Comitatus à Comite dicitur, id est dignitas Comitis, vel tantum spacium terrae quantum ad Comitem pertinet. Whereof more to the same effect in the Glossarie of the learned Sir H. Spelman Knight, titulo Comita­tus, is to be seen, and that matters of Controversie were heard before the Earl in his Countie-Court, or before his substitute, whom the Saxons called [...], and [...], that is Shire-reeve, [...] or [...], signifying in our old English to part or divide, or rather (as we yet say) to share a thing; and Reeve (from the Saxon word [...] or [...]) a Provost or Steward, which name is yet used in divers Mannours, being attributed to him who is appointed to collect the Lord's Rents.

Having said thus much of the beginning and occasion of the Hundreds, I shall adde a line or two more, from the aforesaid Gloss: where there is a large and learned discourse upon that word. Est autem Hundredus, &c. The Hundred is a portion of the Countie, wherein antiently dwelt an hundred Sureties for the King's peace, as a Tithing wherein were ten; and there­fore a Hundred contained ten Tithings, the number of an Hundred being Ten times ten.

And 'tis not a little observable, that before the Normans entrance, the Bishop sate in the [Page] Hundred-Court, with the Lord of the Hundred, as he did in the Countie-Court with the Earl, and in the Shireeves-Turn, with the Shireeve—Primi igitur sedebant, saith In [...] Concil. Vid [...] R. Hor [...]d [...]. 260. b. [...]. 40. Sir H. Spelman, in omnibus regni Comitiis & tribunalibus Episcopi; in Regali quidem pala­cio cum Regni magnatibus; in Comitatu unà cum Comite, & Justiciario Comitatus; In Turno Vicecomitis cum Vicecomite; In Hundredo cum Domino Hundredi: sic, ut in pro­movenda Justicia us (que) qua (que) gladius gladium adjuvaret, & nihil inconsulto Sacerdote (qui velut Saburra in Navi fuit) ageretur.

And so likewise after the Conquest, till King William prohibited it, as is evident by these ensuing words of his Mandate Ca [...]t. 2. R. 2. [...] m. 13. [...]. 5. to the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln;—Propterea mando & regiâ authoritate praecipio, ut nullus Episcopus, vel Archidiaconus de Legibus Episco­palibus ampliùs in Hundredo placita teneat, nec causam, quae ad regimen aniniarum pertinet, ad judicium secularium hominum adducat; sed quicun (que) secundùm Leges Episcopales de quacun (que) causa vel culpa interpellatus fuerit, ad locum quem ad hoc Episcopus elegerit & nominaverit, veniat, ibi (que) de causa sua respondeat, & non secundùm Hundredum, sed se­cundùm Canones & Episcopales Leges rectum Deo & Episcopo suo faciat.

Howbeit, besides this dividing the Kingdom by King Alfred, as hath been said, it should seem that he made an exact Survey thereof, much like that which was afterwards performed by King William the Conqueror—Talem Rotulum, saith Ingulphus Ingul. H [...]st. f. 516. b., speaking of Doomes­day-book, & multum similem ediderat quondam Rex Alfredus, in quo totam terram An­gliae per Comitatus, Centurias, & Decurias descripserat, sicut praenotatur, qui quidem Ro­tulus Wintoniae vocatus est, quia deponebatur apud Wintoniam conservandus: which Roll, time hath consumed, I believe; for I could never discern that our greatest Searchers after An­tiquities had seen it.

Yet of that Survey so made by the Conqueror, there is still remaining a most perfect and ex­cellent memoriall,M Pari [...]. M. W [...]stm. 16. W. Conq. kept in the Treasurie of the Exchequer, at Westminster, and intituled by the name of Liber Judiciarius, or Doomesday-book; by the light whereof I have been guided in discovering the most antient possessors of the principall places in this Shire: touching which Survey our Historians do somewhat differ in the time when it began,Cron. de Berm. 17. Conq. as these Authorities, ci­ted in the margent, do shew; but the Red book manifests, that it was in the fourteenth year of that King's reign; and that it was not perfected till the xxth. the volume it self declareth.

That this work was performed with great curiositie and strictnesse,H. Hun­tend. 18. Conq. observe what an eminent and very antient Historian H. Hun­tend f 212. n. 10. saith—Misit autem dehinc Rex potentissimus Justiciarios per unamquam (que) Scyram, R. Hov [...]d. 19. Conq. id est Provinciam Angliae, & inquirere fecit per jusjurandum, quot Hydae, id [...]st jugera, uni aratro sufficientia per annum, essent in unaqua (que) villa, & quot ani­malia: Ypod. N. 20. Conq. Fecit etiam inquiri quid unaquae (que) Urb [...], Castellum, Vicus, Villa, Flumen, Palus, Silva redderet per annum: Haec autem omnia in Chartis scripta, delata sunt ad Regem, & inter thesauros deposita us (que) hodie servantur. And to the same purpose Ingulphus Abbot of Crouland, a Writer of great credit, who lived in that age, (saying Ingul. Hist. [...]. 516. b., that he himself went up to London, and took brief notes of the lands belonging to their Monasterie, so surveyed, as they were recorded in the before specified Book, for his successors better knowledge) hath this expression Ib.Totam terram descripsit, nec erat Hyda in tota Anglia, quin valorem ejus & possessorem suum scivit; nec Lacus, nec locus aliquis, quin in Regis Rotulo extitit de­scriptus, ac ejus redditus & proventus, ipsa possessio & ejus possessor, Regiae notitiae ma­nifestatus, juxta taxatorum fidem, qui electi de qualibet patria, territorium proprium de­scribebant: the substance of all which is thus Englished by an old Poet Rob. Glouc. MS in bibl. Bodl. f. 99. a..

The Kynge William for to wite the worthe of his londe,
Lete enqwere streytliche thorwm al Engelonde,
How many Plowmh londe and eke Hiden also
Were in eche Schire, and what worthe therto;
And the Rentes of eche Towne, and of watres eche one
That he wiste the worthe thorwm al Engelonde
And lete it wryte in a Boke, and sithe put hit I wis
In the Tresoure of Westminstre ther as hit mutis
So that our Kynges sithen, when that they raunsome toke
Alredi wist what folke mymt paie, they founde in thilke Boke.

By this Survey is evident to be seen, what vast possessions the Conquerour did bestow upon those Normans, Britans, Anjovins, and other French that had assisted him, the better to interest them in the keeping of what he had thus by strong-hand got; of which I shall have occasion to mention many in the following tract, and therefore have spoke the more largely of it: And shall [Page] further crave leave, considering how vast a change this Conquest made, to go on a little in ta­king a breif view of the courses then exercised to make a firm establishment thereof.

And first for his Crueltie to the native English, 'tis evident, that he spared not the very Clergie, imprisoning M. Paris. in vit. Abb. p. 47 n. 50. Stigand Archbishop of Canterbury till he died, with many others; de­grading divers Abbots, wasting the lands of Wolstan Bishop of Worcester, Walter Bishop of Hereford, and Frethric Abbot of S. Albans; compelling many of the Nobilitie and others to forsake R. Ho­v [...]d [...]. [...]59. [...]. M Pa­ [...]is p. 6. l 21. the Kingdom; forcing divers, aswell Priests as Lay [...]men, driven Ib. p. 7. l. 25. out of their posses­sions, to betake Ib. & [...] 12. Math. West­m. [...]n an 1 [...]85. themselves to Woods and Deserts, where they were constrained to live as Sa­vages, whereby there was scarce M. Pa­ris. p. 12. a great man left; all sorts of men being reduced to such mi­serie and servitude, that it was held a disgrace to be accounted an Englishman—Tantum tunc Anglicos abominati sunt, saith Ingulphus Ingul. hist. [...]. 512. b. l 36., ut quantocun (que) merito pollerent, de dignitati­bus pellerentur, & multò minùs habiles alienigenae de quacun (que) alia natione, quae sub coelo est, extitissent, gratanter assumerentur: For which being toucht with compunction when he lay upon his Death-bed, he cryed out thus to his Friends—Multis Ord. Vi­ [...]al. p. 656. c. (ô Amici) gra­vibus (que) peccatis onustus, contremisco, & mox ad tremendum Dei Judicium rapiendus, quid faciam ignoro: and so goes on deploring his iniquities; and amongst other of his sins that lay heavie upon his conscience, he hath this expression Ib. p. 659. b.Naturales Regni filios plus aequo exosus habui, Nobiles & vulgares crudeliter vexavi, injustè multos exhaereditavi, innu­meros, maximè in pago Eboracensi, fame seu ferro mortificavi.

And of his more particular proceedings against them, and advancing his Normans, observe this notable relation Ex col. nigro pen [...]s Camer. Scac. [...]. 29. Cap. 27. from a person Gerv. Tilburien­sis ut dici­tur. that lived in the next age. Post regni conquisitionem &c. After the Conquest of the Realm, there was diligent enquiry made, who were in Armes at the battail against the King, that had saved themselves by flight: To these and the heirs of those which were slain therein, all hope was shut for obtaining any of their lands or possessions; Nay, it was thought to be a great favour that they were permitted to live: yet those which were required to put themselves in Arms and did not, and others that were not in the battail, with much and earnest suit had obtained favour from their new Lords, though without hope that their Children should succeed therein; and at length their sons began to retain those possessions at the will of the Lord: but after a while they became odious to them, and were driven away every where from their estates; neither was there any man that would restore what he had so taken from them: So that the Natives being thus despoiled of their substance, and hated, made a common complaint to the King; whereupon advising with his Councell, he decreed, that what they could obtain from their Lords, either in consideration of any merit or service, by lawfull agreement, they should enjoy to themselves without interruption, but by way of descent they should challenge no­thing: which, with what discreet consideration it was provided (saith mine Author) is ma­nifest enough, especially because by this means, they were thenceforth for their own sakes bound to studie all obsequiousnesse to their Lords, as to the purchasing of their favour; for none of this conquer'd Nation saith he, did possesse any thing which seemed to be his own by right of Descent, but what onely through his deserts, or by agreement he could obtain.

But besides these ways of high oppression, he wanted not divers subtile devices to secure his do­minion.

First by building H. Hunt. [...]. 212. b. l. 10. of Castles in sundry parts of the Realme: Then to prevent tumults, in the Night season not only disarming the native English; but causing Polyd. Virg. Hist. Angl. Coverfeu. a Bell to be rung in every Parish, at eight of the clock in the evening, at the sound whereof every one was to cover their Fire and go to rest.—Item ut ferociam populi ad otium perduceret, omnibus arma ademit (saith Polidore) statuit (que) ut quis (que) paterfamilias vesperi, circiter horam octavam post me­ridiem, tecto ci [...]eribus igne dormitum iret; & ad id signum vicatim dari voluit per campa­nas, id quod etiam nunc servatur, & Normanicè vulgò dicitur Coverfeu. And in that year in which he triumphed, saith In. vit. Abb. p. 47. l. 27. M. Paris. he took with him some of the English Nobility into Normandie, and married them to Norman Ladies; and in like sort did he marry divers Eng­lish women to his Normans; continually Lives of the 3. Norm. Kings by Sir John H [...]yward p. 184. loading the people with heavy Taxes, to the end they might have enough adoe in busying themselves how to live, rather than to have any leisure to stir up commotions. Moreover, for the better new-moulding them, he introduced Ingul. Hist. f. 512. b. n. 20. hither, the Norman fashion in making Conveyances and Grants; viz. by Deeds sealed with wax, whereas be­fore, they were testified with Crosses, and subscribed by those which were present; causing the Laws of the Land, Statutes of the preceding Kings, and all Pleadings to be written in the French tongue. Nay, to the end that the English Language might in time wear out of use, he took care that the French should be taught in Schools; as also in writing appointed that the French Fashion should be imitated: And for the better accomplishment of his designe, intro­duced the termes of Hawking, Hunting, Tennis-play, Dice, and other pastimes in that Language.

Rob. Glouc. ut sup [...]à f. 97. a.
came lo Englonde into Normans honde,
Normans ne cowde speche then but here owen speche,
But Franche as that did at hoom here children dide also teche;
So that heize men of this londe, that of here blode come,
Holden al thilke speche that thei of hem nome,
For if a man can no Franche men telle of hem ryzt like;
But lo men holdeth English here kynde speche zit [...];
I wene in the worlde ne is londe nether Countrie none,
That he ne holdeth his kinde speche but Engelonde now one,
But men wote well to conne both good hit is;
For the more men conne, the more thei ben worthi I wis.

Nay the poor English were so humbled, that they were glad to imitate M. Pa­ris in vi [...]. Ab [...]. p. 46. l. 40. the Normans, even in cutting their hair, and shaving their beards; and to conform themselves to the fashion of their new Masters in their very cups and dishes.

For the order and methode of this present work, I have followed the Rivers (as the most sure and lasting marks) where they lye proper for my course; and sometimes have taken my aime from those great and well-known Roman ways, viz. W [...]tlingstreet and Fosse; which thwarting each other upon the borders of this Countie, extend themselves many miles, through it, or as a boundarie thereto. And whereas the Hundreds are so few, and the Rivers, with their branches very many, I have taken each Hundred by it self: Following which course, I first begin with A [...]on, as it enters the Shire at Clifton in the North-East, following till it goes out at S [...]lford in the South-West; dividing the Wood-land (for so that part of the Coun­tie lying North thereof is called) from the Feldon, discoursing in order of the Towns, as they lye adjacent thereto, or neer those petty streams which run into it; beginning always with that wherein the Church is seated, and then proceeding with the severall small Hamlets or places of note, whether depopulated or otherwise, contained within the same Parish; setting forth a suc­cession of their antient possessors; by which the rise, growth, continuance, and decay of many Fa­milies, with their most memorable actions are manifested.

And have also adorned it with those Armes and Pictures of many eminent persons in their times, which being antiently set up in the windows of severall Churches and Houses, did conti­nue till of late. And that there may want nothing conducible to the honour, aswell of the Fami­lies long since extinct, as those that remain, I have to my utmost preserved their very Monu­ments and Memorialls yet remaining; following the Example therein of the famous Sertorius Ursatus in his Monumenta Patavina Imp [...] Pa­tavij an. 1652.; well knowing of what high and venerable esteem such things were with the most civill people of the world; in so much as amongst the Romans, the de­facing and violation of them was punished Vide Joh. Kirch­mann [...] de Funer. Rom. (Im­p [...]. Lu­be [...]) l [...]b. 3. Cap. 26. by great pecuniarie Fines, cutting off Hands, Ba­nishment; nay sometimes by Death, according to the merit of the transgressors: Most of which, through the pious respect of the immediate heirs, or neerest relations to those their worthy Ance­stors (and to their lasting memorie) are represented; excepting such Plates, whereof, the per­sons therein mentioned by particular Inscriptions, partly out of some speciall respect to those that they have thus memorized, and partly as an ornament to the work) have born the charge.

And excepting these three in p. 188.498, and 758. of the following work; viz. (1) of the Hug­fords and Beaufoes, Lords of Emscote, interred in the Collegiate Church at Warwick (men of great note in their days, as by my discourse of them in that place appeareth) whose lineall heir and successor in that estate is Henry Beaufoe now of Emscote Esquire. (2) Of Thomas Spen­ser late of Clardon Esquire (a person of much eminencie in this Shire in his time, and for his large and noble Hospitalitie the honour of all these parts) whose great-grandson and heir male, aswell as by adoption, is Sir Thomas Spenser now of Yarnton in Com. Oxon. Baronet (3). And that of Sir Richard Bingham Knight, one of the reverend Iudges of the King's Bench temp. H. 6. who lieth buried at Midleton, with the Ladie Margaret his wife, daughter and coheir to Sir Baldwin Frevill of Tamworth-Castle Knight, and widow of Sir Hugh Wil­loughby Knight. From which Sir Hugh and Margaret is Sir Francis Willoughby now of Midleton Knight descended, possessing that Lordship as heir to her. Which three last Mo­numents had (I confesse) been omitted, could I have doubted that the persons here mentioned (considering such their relations, and the estates they so enjoy) would have refused the preser­vation of their memories by a small charge to the Graver; as these following are for the very same reason, and no other, as is well known, viz. (1) of the Temples at Dasset, whose heirs and successors in that estate there, are Sir Richard Temple Baronet, and the Lady Viscountesse [Page] Baltinglasse. (2) Of Richard Murden Esquire, at Morton-Morell, whose sole daughter and heir is the Ladie Harvey, widow of Sir Stephen Harvey Knight of the Bath (3) of Sir Edward Ferrers at Badsley-Clinton, whose heir is Henry Ferrers Esquire, now Lord of that place (4) And of Sir Edward Devereux Knight and Baronet, at Aston juxta Berming­ham, whose grandson and heir is the present Viscount Hereford.

Of the Religious Houses, Hospitalls and Chantries (those signall Monuments of our Forefathers Pietie) I have shewed their Foundations, endowments, and continuance, with their dissolutions and ruine, which gave the greatest blow to Antiquities that ever England had, by the destruction and spoil of many rare Manuscripts, and no small number of famous Monu­ments.

And to the end that my discourse of the severall places, may be the more perspicuous, taking notice of that excellent expression of In [...] Sancta Arias Montanus, viz.—Si enim abs (que) locorum observa­tione res gestae narrentur, aut sine Topographiae cognitione Historiae legantur, adeò confusa at (que) perturbata erunt omnia, ut ex iis nihil non obscurum, nihil non difficile elici possit, I have drawn exact Schemes of the severall Hundreds; wherein, besides the rectifying of divers places, which stand amisse in the ordinarie Maps, are inserted many that were hitherto omitted, fixing them according to their direct stations, as also the depopulated Villages, and other places of note, whereof there is mention in the following work; extending the Rivers neerer their originall heads, and adding sundry petty streamlets, heretofore not taken notice of by our Geographers.

In etymologizing the names of Towns and Places, I have not been over-bold, because most of them had their originall denomination from the Britans, or Saxons; and that Time hath much varied the antient name, by contracting it for the more ease in pronunciation, or in some sort altered it from what it was at first, as is evident in most of them: Nor should I have adventured thus far, had I not received much light from that learned Gentleman Mr. VVilliam Somn [...]r of Canterbury, my singular friend, unto whom I cannot attribute enough for his great knowledge in Antiquities, and those commendable works, which he hath Antiq. of Can [...]e [...]b. already publishedGloss. ad Cal [...]n. sc [...]ip. Anglic. Impr. 1654., and is now taking pains in.

Much variation there is, I confess, in the names of sundry places and persons, which perhaps may cause some doubt of my care therein: but in that I have been very curious, having Records, or other authentique writings for my authoritie, which I thought much more fit to follow, than to deliver the names as they are now written.

D [...]ct. Sax. Anglo L [...]t.And as my chief aime hath been to illustrate the Antiquities of this Countie, so must I desire my Readers to observe, what intricate parts I have walkt in, to make good that undertaking; scil. the whole series of publick Records, and a multitude of antient and obscure Manuscripts, as the references to them do shew: for the better understanding whereof, because the narrownesse of my Margent hath confined me to such brevitie, I have added a short Scheme adjoyning to my Index, which will plainly demonstrate what those pieces of words, and single Letters do mean, with notice where the said Records and Manuscripts were, when I had the perusall of them. And, whereas I have cited, nothing to give testimonie of the Churches Dedications, that what I have said therein of them, is from divers old VVills, Testaments, and other authori­ties in the Registries of the Bishops of Coventre & Lichfield, and Worcester, which to have instanced particularly could not well be done, in regard they were all in loose parcells.

And moreover it is to be noted, that to such or such parts of the Pedegrees where no quotation at all is entred, the proof to make them good, will appear in the historicall part. And lastly, that the passages of later times are obvious to the present age wherein we live, or have been delive­red to me from persons of credit, unto whom they were certainly known.

Perhaps it will be expected, that I should have deduced my Storie of the Places and Families, to this present year, scil. 16 [...]6. But as of that there is no great necessitie, in regard whatsoever is memorable of them cannot be unknown to many observing men; and may much more freely, and without danger of exception, be spoken of by the next generation; so must I plead mine own disabilitie to perform it; partly by reason that some, who had the custodie of our publick Records, were over-curious in vouchsafing a view of such things which concern the last age, dee­ming it an hinderance to their profit, that ought should be made publick in that kind; and partly in regard that some Gentlemen, doubting that the sight of their Evidences might expose their estates to be questioned, have been nice in yielding thereunto. And 'tis not unlike that some, but for the most part the younger branches of many Families, may think themselves neglected, be­cause their Descents and Matches are not memorized in this work, but to the greatest part of these, I can very justly say, that I had no exact knowledge of them, nor fit means to accomplish it, which is (I hope) a sufficient Apologie.

Of the In [...]umbents to Ecclesiasticall Benefices, I confesse there is not in this work, an exact succession, divers being omitted, whereof some, which men now living, knew: But the reason is easily given; viz. the neglect of the Bishop's Secretaries, to record their Institutions; which hath [Page] never been so great as in this last Centurie: for to such a height was it grown, within our own time, that notwithstanding ample Fees were received in consideration thereof, they seldome kept a Paper-book for that purpose; but at best, made a brief note of it upon the Instrument of Presentation, which being slightly put on a File, was soon after broke off, and lost.

Nor of the Abbots, Abbesses, and Priors, is there any perfect Series, in regard that the Bishops Registers have noted but few of them, and that other Records are therein, for the most part silent.

And now to conclude this Proëme, I shall farther advertise my Reader, that though the fol­lowing Work seemeth by its Title to relate meerly to this Countie; nevertheless there are some Descents, and much that is historicall, which doth not a little concern many Families in other parts, forasmuch as not a few Lordships in it are possest by such persons, whose residence is else­where, and that matches of heirs female, either hither or from hence, have been so frequent. And it is no lesse considerable, that divers discourses therein are of generall importance, as to matter of knowledg, pointing out the originall or antiquitie of severall things, whereof most men perhaps are not as yet so far informed; scil. of Parishes, Consecration, and Dedication of Churches, Feasts of such their Dedication (called Wakes) Mercates and Faires; solemnities antiently used at the Baptizing of Children; the sacred and Courtly Ceremonies in conferring the honour of Knighthood; as also of Sepulture, Grants by Charter, Seales, Mortuaries, and others, whereunto the Index briefly directeth. In all which, and throughout the whole work, I have to my utmost, endeavoured the plainest stile, as most meet (in my Iudgment) for such a business; well remembring that of Cicero, Cic d [...] Ora. [...] lib. 2. §. 12. how an Historian should be qualified, scil. not of necessitie to be an Orator, satis est non esse mendacem, saith he. The Truth is it, which is principally to be aimed at; for a little after he thus goes on, Nam quis nescit primam esse Hi­storiae legem, Ib §. 15. ne quid falsi dicere audeat? deinde ne quid veri non audeat? ne qua suspicio gratiae sit in scribendo? ne qua simultatis? Haec scilicet fundamenta nota sunt omnibus.

An undertaking (I acknowledge) this would have been more proper for such a one whose Ancestors had enjoyed a long succession in this Countie, whereunto I cannot pretend; for my Father was the first who marrying with a daughter of the House of Swinfen in Staffo [...]shire, seated himself therein, and in the same Parish where my present habitation is; being by birth of Cletherow, in Com. Lanc. and descended from a Familie of good antiquitie in those parts: But I presume, that the less my relations are, the more acceptance will my endeavours find with the ingennous, and learned, to whose Iudgment I only submit both my self and it.



The Hun­dreds. HAving in my Introducti­on past through those el­der times in which so lit­tle light is to be found, whereby more particular and observable Discove­ries might be made; I shall now, by the guidance of that incomparable Re­cord, viz. In Scac. penès Thes. & Came­rar. Doomseday-Booke, shew what Hundreds there were in this County at the Nor­man Conquest; and though all the particular Towns which were contained in each of them do not directly appear, yet by what I shall say, may be discerned, whereabouts those Hundreds did lye, and neerly guest at what they contain­ed: But whether those were the same that were set forth by King Aelfred, or if altered, when, and how, I cannot take upon me to say; belie­ving rather, that they might have received some alteration; For by what shall be shewed by and by, it will appear that all those did not continue long after the Conquest, but others started up in the places of some of them; and at this day, in­stead of them all, which were in number Ten, at the Conquest, there are now only Four in being, and not one of them reteyning the name of any that were then.

The Names of the Hundreds in the Con­querours time.
  • Now contained within the hundred of Kineton.
    • Fexhole hundred
    • Honesberie h.
    • Tremelau h.
    • Berricestone h.
  • Now contained within the hundred of Knightlow.
    • Mereton h.
    • Stanley h.
    • Bomelau h.
  • Now contained within the hundred of Barlichway.
    • Pathelau h.
    • Fernecumbe h.
  • Now contained within the hundred of Hemlingford.
    • Coleshill h.

And because I have a desire to shew (so far as I have any Authority) where the Vestigia of those Hundreds were, I have here inserted the names of such Towns as are positively exprest in Doomesday-Book, to be within each of them; whereby may be discerned, in probability, of what extent they were, in regard that the other Towns, which lye intermixt with these, must, in all likelihood, be contained therein.

In Fexhol [...] Hundred.
Brailes. Himitone. Octeselve. Ticheshoche.
In Honesberie Hundred,
Ferneberge. Herdewiche. Radwei. Warmin­tone. Rotelei. Wimelestone. Dercetone.
In Tremelau Hundred.
Taschebroc. Edricestone. Cedleshunte. Pilar­detone. Mortone. Fulrei, Etendon, Merse­tone, Bereford. Listecorne. Niwebold. Al­nodestone. Cestretone.
In Berricestone Hundred,
Ilmedone. Edelmitone. Berricestone. Stratone.
In Coleshelle Hundred.
Caldecote. Filunger. Aldulvestreu. Etone. Ail­spede. Cetitone. Credeworde. Witacre. Gre.+nedone. Merstone. Celverdestoche. Ulverlei.
In Stanlei Hundred,
Bilneie. Lamintone (Pr.) Ulvestone. Muitone. Rietone. Bericote. Erburberie. Cobintone. Bubenhalle. Westone. Witenas. Sowa.
In Mereton Hundred.
Flechenho Graneberge. Hill (juxta Lemington) Cliptone. Ulfelmescote. Eptone. Hodenelle. Lelleford. Donecerce. Lumintone-(Hastang) Icentone-(longa)
In Patelau Hundred,
Hantone. Luditone. Wotone. Cliforde, Mele­cote. Wilmecote.
In Bomelau Hundred,
Smitham. Anestie. Focheswelle. Westone, Bortone. Wara. Ulveia. Stratone. Chirche­berie, Herdeberge.
In Fernecumbe Hundred.
Beoshelle. Neweham. Optone. Hildeborde. Witlavesforde. Hildebereud Scireburne. Be­nintone. Coctune. Haseleje. Holehale. Ha­selove. Mortone. Bichemerse. Stodlei.

But of all these hundreds, except Foure, there is not to be found (after that time) a word in Record, viz. Meretone h. Stanlei h. Pathlau h. and Tremelau h. instead of the rest there being Brinklow h. Cnucthelaw h. (now Knightlow) Chinton (now Kineton h.) Humeliford (now Hemlingford h,) Barlichway h. (now also in being) Cotes h. and Chikenes. h.

Of the antiquity of the present Hundreds (I mean so far as I find them mentioned in Re­cord) I shall shew in their several places, as the Rivers lead me into them: And touching the contiunance of the rest (that is, whilst I find mention of them) I will now expresse what I can, and so leave them; referring only Path­low to be spoke of when I come into Barlich­way h. because it yet hath a kind of being, ter­med by the name of the Liberty of Pathlow un­to this day.

Of Brinklaw h. I find mention in the Rot. P. 21. H. 2. 21. of H. 2. it paying then foure Marks for a Mur­ther. [Page 4] In the Rot. p. 24. H. 2. 24 of H. 2. seven shillings and foure pence for murther, and in Rot. P. 5. Ioh. 5. Ioh, 3 marks. After which time it is called onely Leta de Brynklow; viz. Rot. penès Sim. Ar­cher. Eq. Aur. 8. E. 3. upon the Tax­ation of a fiveteenth and tenth; which word Leta importing that which at this day we call Leet, sheweth that there was a Court here be­longing to the Kings Jurisdiction, for part of the Country thereabouts; the Towns and Villages there mentioned to be within the same, being these.

Leta de Brinklow, Newnham Regis. Herdeburgh-magna. Herde­burgh-parva. Lalleford-longa. Neubold-Pantun. Lalleford-parva. Gosford. Brownes wavere. Neuton juxta Clifton. Church-wavere. Ce­ster-wavere. Walton juxta Kirkby. Neunham-parva. Paylington. Neubold, & Stretton, Estunwihull Wylie. Wybetofte. Kyrkebie mo­nachorum. Brokhurst. Copston major. Stre­tardeston. Whyttebroke. Hopsford, Anstye. Barnaulght. Shulton. Copston parva. Wolvey. Burton. Shirford. Stretton-Baskervile. Hide. Bramcote Riton juxta Bulkington. Bul­kington. Weston [...]uxta Bulkington. Merston. Iab [...]. Bedworth Eccleshale Folkeshull. Keres­wey. Princethorpe. Astley.

But for the Etymologie of the word Leet, I cannot well be satisfied, except it proceed from the Saxon word [...], id est, Congregare, which may very well be: For in Kent those divisions of the Countrey are called Lathes, which with us are called Hundreds.

Of Mereton-hundred and Stanlei-hund. I onely find, that they paid several Fynes for murther in Rot. P. de [...]isdem an. 21.24. & 29. H. 2. and in 1. R. 1. howbeit, in 8. E. 3. they are both under the ti­tle of Leta and not Hund. as I have said be­fore in Brinklow. Yet it seemes that Stanlei continued the name of a Hundred longer than Merton; for in Inq. capt. [...]er H. No­tingham, & H. Sheldon milit. &c. 7 E. 1. penès Remem. Re­gis in Scac. 7. E. 1. it is called Hund. de Stanley.

The particular Towns and Villages in each of them, I have here inserted (as in Brinklow) out of the said Roll of Penès S. Archer. Eq. aur. 8. E. 3.

Leta de Merton. Hodenhull, Lodbroke. Rodburne, Southam. Napton. Shukeburgh super. Fleckenho, Wolf­hamcote, Nethercote, Grenburgh, Wolscote, Caldecote. Salesbrugge. Wylebie. Lemington-Hastang. Hull. Bradwell, Herdewik. Burthing­bury, Stocton, Stonythorpe, Bascote, Arley, Slo­ley, Itchington- [...]onga. Merton, Ethorpe, Ho­ningham, Wapenbury, Stretton super Duns­more Frankton. Burton, Draicote, Thurlaston, Dimchurch Tofte, Hull-Morton, Clifton, Roke­by: Bilton, Church-lalleford, Wolrycheston, Mer­ton,

Leta de Stanlei, Herbury, Stivichale, Itchington-Episcopi, O­lughton, Offchurch, Radford-Symelic, Leming­ton-Pr. Neubold-Cumin, Mulverton. Edmus­cote, Lullington, Cubington, Weston juxta Wetheley, Bobenhull, Ryton super Duns­more, Whitinashe, Brandon, Bretford, Sowe, Caloudon, Wiken Wilnale, Stoke, Bugginge. Pinle, Whitley, Bilney, Coventre, Coundon, Radford, Allesley, Bakinton. Ashoe, Kenell­worth, Wodecote, Leke-wotton, Hull.

Of Tremelau-hundred, I find, that in Rot. P. de ii [...]dem ann. 1. R. 1. and 5. Ioh. it fined for Murther: but as I meet with no mention thereof afterwards,The Hun­dreds. so can I no further point out where it is, than I have already signified.

Of Chickenes-hundred, it appears that it fined for Murther Rot. P. de eodem an. Anno 29 H. 2. 1. R. 1. and 5. Ioh. but no more.

Of Cotes-hundred, Rot. P. de eodem an. the like in 29 H. 2. But whether this of Cotes was any part of the Countrey about Warwick; for the Village at the East end of the Town, now called Coton­end, was antiently called Cotes, as I shall have occasion to shew hereafter. Or whether Coton in the Parish of Churchover, antiently also called Cotes, as in due place shall be shew­ed, I cannot determin.

And as for Chikenes-hundred, I must leave the discovery thereof to others, having no guess whereabout it should be.

So much therefore shall suffice touching the Hundreds, which are not now in being. And be­cause it will fall out that I must begin this work with Knightlow-hundred, I shall therefore here shew what I have met with thereof.

Of Knightlow-hundred.

I Shall not need to enumerate the Towns and Villages which it now contains, the Map sav­ing me that labour.

The first mention I find in Record of it, is in Rot. P. 16. H. 2. 16. H. 2. where the Sheriffe accounts Cent. sol. pro placitis concelatis; and there it is called Sipesocha de Cnuchtelawa, those of Chin­ton, and Humeliford, having there the same title of Sipesocha. The word Lib. vo­cat. le quire de Douere in Scac. Socha, by Expositors, signifying a free Court,, where Pleas of Debt, Covenant, Trespasse, Detinue, &c. are held; but for the first sillable Sipe, I rather suppose it should be Sithe the Saxon letter [...] (which was in use long after the Conquest) being mistaken for p, and then if so (and that Mr. Lambert's exposition of the word Sithecundman to be Lega­lis homo, or Militaris homo, be right) it will not be improper to interpret Sithesocha, to be Curia libera legalium hominum: for the Hundred Court, we know, is Visus franc. pleg. as we com­monly terme it. And if it be taken in the sense of Militarium hominum, it agrees well enough with the nature of that meeting; for to this day in some Counties they are called Wapentac's from the touching of his speare who had the goverment of the Wapentac assigned to him by the principal sort of men that did associat with him; as Mr. Cambden (speaking of Wapentac's) observeth out of the Laws of St. Edward.

In K. Iohn's time I find it by the name of Lib. [...]ub. 233. b. Hun­red. de Chnitelowe to answer XL. Marc. de fir­ma.

In the account of William Luscy (Shiriffe of the Shires of Warw. and Leicest.) 21 H. 3. it is thus recorded.

  • De firma de Knistelawe XL. M.
  • De auxil. vicecom. ejusdem Hundredi XV. l.
    In baga de diversis Inquis. pe­nès Thes. & Camer. Scac.
  • De franc. pleg. ejusdem Hundredi IIII. l. XL. d.
  • De warth ejusdem Hundredi XIII s. IX. d.
  • Summa XLVI l. Xs. V. d.

And amongst the Presentments made by the Hundreds before the Justices Itinerant 4. E. 1. there is one from this Hundred, the title whereof is, Hund. de Knyhtelawe.

In In baga de Ragman penès Thes. & Camer. Scac [...]. 11. E. 1. It was found by Inq. that [Page] [Page]


[Page] [Page 3] the Hundred of Knytelow (so then it was written) was yearly worth XXIX. l. XVII. s. saving to the Sheriff his two Turnes by year;The Hun­dred of Knight­low. and that Richard de Stretton, whilst he lived, paid yearly for the same XXIX. l. XVII. s. to the Kings Exchequer.

Upon Inquisition Ex ipso Rot. in scac. penès Re­mem. Re­g [...]s. taken 9. E. 2. by vertue of the Kings Precept, (amongst other things,) to certify how many and what Hundreds there were; what Cities, Boroughs, and Towns, &c. and who were owners of them; It is certified, that the Hun­dred o [...] Knythlawe was then in the Kings hand. And in 4. E. 3. the King by his Pat. Rot. Fin. 4. E. 3. m. 1. dated at Westm. 5. Ian. granted the Bayliwick of this Hundred dilecto valetto suo Edmundo de Shireford, to his well-beloved Esquire Edmund Shireford, to hold during life; paying by the hands of the Shiriff, for the time being, the antient ferm thereof, ac­cording to the Statute in that case made.

But, since that time, finding little thereof memo­rable, I shall here adde a List of those Towns, with­in the precincts of it, which do yet owe sute to this Court. Wolston, Lillington, Lemington-Ha­stang, Prince thorpe. Hopsford. Lodbroke. Bub­benhill. Burdingbury. Shilton. Barnacle. Napton. Stretton super-Dunsmore. Radford-Semeley. Bourton. Draycote. Bromcote. Church-Over. Walton in parocha de Monksbirby.

A word or two now of the place, whence it takes the name, which is a Tumulus, or little heap of earth, standing on the brow of the Hill upon the great road-way leading from Coventre to­wards London, as you enter upon Dunsmore-heath, commonly called Knightlow-hill, or Knight­low-crosse, the latter Syllable Lowe (as we now pronounce it,) but antiently and more truly Lawe, signifying a little Hill; and so Mr. Cambden, in his Remains observes, that the Scots who border nearest to England do use the word in that sense to this day.

That these Lowes, or artificially raised heaps of Earth, were antiently made to cover the Bodies of such as were slain in the field, in the time of the Romans, we have the testimony of Tacitus, where he makes mention of Varus Taciti Annal. lib. 1. cap. 62. his overthrow in Germany; and of Germanicus (who is there cal­led Caesar) his comming to the place of that slaugh­ter, and finding the carcasses unburied.Vide etiam Cambd. B. [...]t. in W [...]l [...]s.igitur Romanus qui aderat, excercitus (saith he) sextum post cladis annum trium legionum os­sa, nullo noscente alienas reliquias an suorum hu­mo tegeret, omnes ut conjunctos, ut consanguineos, auctâ in hostem irâ, moesti simul & infensi con­debant. Primum extruendo tumulo cespitem Cae­sar posuit gratissimo munere in defunctos & prae­sentibus doloris socius. These last words imply­ing, that every Souldier brought his turf, or turfes to the raising of a Tumulus, according as his res­pect was to the defunct; and that Germanicus himself laid the first, as eminent persons have used to do the first stone in the foundation of some no­table building.

And that this course in covering the Bodies, not onely of such as were slain in the feild, but of o­thers, was also very antiently used by the Danes and other Northern Nations, I shall here exhibite the testimony of Olaus Wormius; who, now in our age hath brought to light the old Cymbrike antiquities; and, amongst other things, touching the antient Danish Burialls, hath these words —Ab [...]. p. 40. antiquis Epochas quasdam, à sepeliendi ritibus apud septentri [...]nales introduct as esse accepi; qui cum varii fuerint, illi quoque, eorum habit á ratione, subindè mutabantur. Sic enim membranâ mea M S. tres numerari solent hominum aetates, quae ab Inferiarum modò denominationem acce­perunt. Prima Roisold. Secunda Hoigold. Tertia Christendom's old. Primitùs enim defunctis justa soluturi, in campo plano juxta viam regiam, aut defuncti praedium sito, circum ratae magnitudiris lapidibus efformabant, oblongum tamen, vigint: quandoque orgyarum longitudine, latitudine tri­um: In hoc defuncti cadaver cremabant; cineres collectos urnis includebant, ac in circi meditull [...]o locatos grandioribus undique stipabant saxis, su­perinjecto saxo aliquo latiore quo caetera tegerent. Hinc totam aream lapidibus, arenâ, glebaque ter­restri replebant, ac in formam monticuli collem desuper attollebant, quem demùm cespitibus tege­bant, ut viriditate sua oculos praetereuntium recre­aret. Haec sepultura Roiser; & hunc sepeliendi ritum at Roise dixerunt. Regibus tantum hunc honorem habitum volunt; alios autem pompâ mi­nore tumulatos, &c. Addunt Ib. p. 43. alii Regios tu­mulos ad magnitudinem & figuram carinae ma­ximae navis Regiae descriptos. Secunda aetas, Hoi­gold dicta, ea fuit, quâ cadavera incremata at­que integra cum suis ornamentis, in circulo, ex grandioribus confecto Saxis, locabant, aliisqu [...] circumquaque tegebant, arenam & glebas terrae exaggerando usque dum in justam monticuli ex­urgeret altitudinem, qui cespitibus & aliis saxi [...] demùm exterius exornabatur. In praelio caesos in unum cumulum conjiciebant, quem Ualcoste vo­cabant, & supra eos terram exaggerabant, ut in monticuli speciem agger cresceret. Tertia [...] & ul­tima aetas Christendoms-old determinatur, ex quo nos Christiani demortuos jam tumulare sole­mus [...] &c.

VVhich learned Author, further to manifest this usage from other Pet. Lin­d [...]berg [...]us in suis re­rum memo­rab. com­m [...]nta. [...]i [...]. writers, thus goes on —Scien­dum autem quod Dani, cum propter defectum sa­xorum pyramides & obeliscos extrucre minime potuerint, olim in memoriam Regum & heroum suorum, ex terra coacervata ingentem molem, montis instar eminentem statuerint. —Dani, Ioh. Cy­praei An­nal. eccl. Sles [...]ic. lib [...] 1. cap. 2. cum pyramides (&c. ut supra) atque illis adeo in locis, ut plurimum, quo saepe homines commearent, aut it er haberent, ut in viis public is quo posteritati memoriam clarissimorum virorum consecrarent, & quodammodo immortalitati man­darent. citing also that of Virgil L [...]b. xi. Aeneid..

—Fuit ingens monte sub alto
Regis Dercenni terreno ex aggere bustum
Antiqui Laurentis, opacaque ilice tectum.

which the learned Gawyn Douglas, sometime Bi­shop of Dunkel in Scotland; thus translates.

— Under the montane Law thare stude fote hote
ane bing of erth upheit like ane mote
contenyng the cauld assis and birnt banis
of auld Dercenus King of Lanrentanis
overhelde with akin treis, &c.

The like expression hath also the said Poet, spea­king of the tomb of Cajeta, Aenejas his Nurse.

Ib. lib. [...].
pius exequiis Aeneas ri [...]è solutis
aggere composito tumuli, &c.
The reuthfull than, and the devote Prince Enee
performed dewly thy funerall servyce
apoun the sepulture as custome was and gyse
ane hepe of erd and litill moit gart uprays

Nec Olaus worm. p. 3 [...] levi opera (saith he) aut sumptibus exiguis hi tumuli conficiebantur; Testatur enim historia [Page 4] Norvagica in Haraldo Harfagre, regulos duos in Naumedal, fratres uterinos, tribus integris annis, impensis magnis in unico tumulo fabricando la­borasse.

Now, forasmuch as it appears, by what hath bin said, that these heaps of earth were at first so raised to cover the Bodies of some one person of note, or else of many slain in the Field and brought together, I shall adventure upon the Ety­mologie of the word lowe or lawe (for they are indiffere [...]tly called.)

That it might have its originall from the old British word Llehau, id est, locare, vel collocare, as Dr. Iohn Davyes in his Dictionary expoun­deth it, and so by contraction be pronounced lawe, is not improbable; for so it expresseth the same that tumulus with the antients did. Nam & terrae congestio super ossa Tumulus dicitur, as we read in the most learned and antient Commenta­ry of Servius upon Virgil's iii. Aeneid. ver. 22. And we know well that the word Tumlus signi­fieth the same that Sepulchrum or monumentum doth; and yet not properly from the very nature of the word, but by a Metonymie. And that the British word Llehau might proceed from the La­tine locare, is also likely enough, forasmuch as it is apparent Tacit. in vita Ag [...]ic. cap. 21., that the Romans did, by kind and most insinuating praises, make the old Brittans overstudious of their language and customs.

Adde hereunto, that the Romans calling the places wherein they layd the bones of the bur­ned corpses loculos, as it is clear à locando, and that the British llogel is the same with loculus, and it will not seem unsutable, that they may have taken their word, whose custome of interring they imitated or expressed. And then, that the Saxons comming after, who frequently changed the vow­els, ind [...]fferently using the C for K, and the like, expressed the verb logian also, for collocare, or componere, as we see Marc. 1.19. It may very well be, that both Latine, B [...]itish, and Saxon are all derived from the same Greek Fountain, seeing [...], as it signified many things with the antient Greeks, so it was often used for cubare facio. [...] also doth often signify cubo, jacco; and from this acceptation of the verb commeth [...] and [...], lectus; our Dutch leggen or liggen, jacere leger, stratum, cubile; as also llehau, logian, lo­giis, &c.

But forasmuch as in things at this distance from us, by reason of their antiquity, we cannot go upon very absolute certainties, I will adven­ture upon another, and, in my opinion, more like­ly conjecture.

Bustum, as we find in Pompeius Festus, propriè dicitur locus in quo mortuus est combustus, & se­pultus; diciturque bustum, quasi benè ustum. Servius likewise, upon the 185. verse of Virgil his xi. Aeneid: maketh this distinction. Pyra est signorum congeries. Rogus, quum jam ardere coeperit, dicitur. Bustum jam exustum vocatur. It is therefore not unlikely that the Antients, in imitation of the word bustum (which signified the place where a man was burnd and buryed) made their word lowe from loge. For illustration there­fore of this Etymologie observe, that, not onely [...] or [...], but [...] also signified a flame, as it should seem from [...] or [...], flamma, the initiall [...] being here taken away, which sometimes is ad­ded; as when the English flanke is made out of the Teutonike lanke. I will not alleage here the British word llosg, incendium, ustio, and llosgi, U­rere; for they may seem too much different: but I do refer my self to the old Gothike Monuments, in the which, loge signifieth a flame.

Willeramus Abbas in his Paraphrasis also upon cap. 8. ver. 6. of the Canticles, useth loghon, and ling­hon instead of ardere, flammam emittere. Those likewise who, as yet in Frisland do entertain their antient Country language, call the flame lochene: yea almost all the other low-Dutch call a fired straw bunch to dry their vessels withall by the name of lochter. Of this [...] therefore, which antiently signified a flame, commeth lowe bustum, without doubt; even as the word law is corrupted out of the old Saxon [...], lex. and as the word maw is made of [...], stomachus. And that it was so, I am much the more confident, when I consider; that in the Northern parts of England, as also in Scotland, where the vestigia of our antient language, the Saxon, are most to be found, the flame of any fire is called lowe to this day; the common people usually saying, that the fire low's, when it blazeth or flameth: consonant whereunto is that of the before specified Bishop of Dunkel in the said translation Lib. 7. f. 164. b. of Virgil.

As king Latynus kindyllis on there gyse
Apoun the Altaris for the sacrifice
The clere chidis the dry fyre brandis
Quhare that also by her fader standis
Lavinia the maid his douchter fare,
Ane selcoth thing to se in hir hare
It semyt the hate fyre kindillit bricht,
Atque omnem or­natum flamma crepitante cremari.
hir gay cleithing all with lowis licht
Gan glete and sperkilland birn up in ane bleis
His ryal tressis inflambit, &c.

Now for the word Tumulus, it may very well be derived, either from cumulus, which signifies a heap, or from the verb tumeo, to swell; for it is taken promiscuously, not onely for a place of sepulture, but any rising ground, as in xii. Aeneid.

—Et tumulum caput, &c.—tumulique ex aggere fatur.

Nor is it unlike, but that these Tumuli have bin instead of Altars to Sacrifice unto the Ghosts of the dead, as the same Virgil bears witness,

Et statuent tumulum, & tumulo solennia mittent.

We also observe, that there was Sacrifice offred to those Ghosts upon Tumuli which were plac't at a great distance from the party deceas't, as we find likewise in the before mentioned Authour,

—tumulum Rhetaeo in littore inanem constitui.

And Andromache, although in a Graecian Citty, Sacrifices Hectoreum ad Tumulum. As for the fa­shion of these Tumuli in Homer's days (near 3000. years since) let himself speak, Iliad. lib. 3. v. 197. [...], &c.

—Terramque superfudere recentem, tum facto tumulo redeunt.

And in the same place Achilles complains how small a Tumulus he had made for his beloved com­panion Patroclus; and intreats those that should survive him to raise it to a greater height. Ib. v. 189. [...], &c.

Exiguum statui tumulum, quicunque relictus
Post nostram fuerit mortem, belloque superstes,
Illius extructus manibus consurgat ad astra.

Of which desire, you shall find in the last Book [Page 5] of the Odysses, that the Graecians were not unmind­full, but built a Sepulcher for him and Patro­clus; a large one indeed, which served afterwards for a land-mark, as appeareth from the same Au­thor, in these words, Odyss. lib. ult. v. 80. [...], &c.

Hos super Augustum tumulum vastumque pelasgi
(Littore sublime quaclauditur Hellespontus)
Struximus, ut notum per secula long a maneret,
Etque mari longè speculantibus obvius esset.

And this was the fashion of these Monuments in Homer's time, even for the most famous persons, which may be taken notice of in many other pla­ces; as that whereof he makes mention in the third Book Ver. 636. [...].

And a little after, another, [...]; which is there called a high Hill. As also in the 23. Book, wherein he seems to give notice, that that manner of Buriall was in fashion long before the Trojan wars: for Nestor calls that rising ground, of which he forewarn'd his Son Antilo­chus in his chariot-race, the monument of some man dead long before; which agrees to that au­thority, likewise which we find in the last Book of the Iliads in the Burial of Hector;

Et tumulum saxis ingentibus undique firmant,
Affundunt que super terram.

Now, it is agreed upon by the best of Authors, that not onely the Graecians, but most of the Ea­stern Nations borrowed their Philosophy, their ways of Sacrifice, and Buriall from the Aegypti­ans, and, very probably, this custom amongst the rest; especially having so noble a pattern as those much fam'd Pyramids were; which no man doubts to have bin the Monuments of some of their Kings. And that this fashion did continue till Virgil's time, his distich upon Balista will verify.

Monte sub hoc lapidum tegitur Balista sepultus, &c.

A word or two now, touching the burning of dead Bodies, in regard it hath bin observed by some judicious persons, who have dig'd to the bottom of divers heaps of earth which are called Lowes, especially on Engleby-heath in Derby-shire, that there have bin found burnt Bones and Charcole there. So also at Lilburne in Nor­thampton shire, as Mr. Cambden observeth; and in Anno 1653. the Isle of Man, severall Urnes with the like burnt Bones and Coal.

There is a remarkable place in Plinie, out of which we learn, that it was not an ordinary or usuall thing amongst the antient Romans to burn their dead Bodies: yea, that divers great families never did it; but, that it was most used about them, who dyed in an expedition of a remote War, amongst enemies thirsting after an inhumane and hostile revenge. The custom it self, and the reason thereof is set down by Plinie in the 54. Chap. of the VII. Book of his Naturall History. —Ipsum cremare apud Romanos non fuit veteris instituti: terrâ condebantur. At postquam long in­quis bellis obrutos erni cognovere, tunc institutum. Et tamen multae familiae priscos servavere ritus, si­cut in Corneliâ nemo ante Syllam Dictatorem traditur crematus. Idque voluisse, veritum talio­nem, eruto C. Marii cadavere. Varus Quinctilius his example, and many such like terrified them; —Ipsius quoque Consulis Corpus, saith Florus Lib. IV. Cap. 12. where he speaketh of Varus, quod militum pietas abdiderat effossum. Neither had they any reason to expect better usage of the Britans than of the Germans; seeing divers of their Generals (as Caractacus, Galcacus and o­thers) had sufficiently declared, how they took it, that the Romans came, in such away, to disturb the tranquillity of their Island, and studied to enslave them all. It seemeth therefore, that any Consul, or eminent warriour dying in such an ex­pedition, was, for that reason, burned upon the level near the via strata, or militaris; And having by this course deprived the exasperated e­nemies of their hope in ever being able to abuse the dead Body, they did moreover hinder them to scatter the very Bones in hast, when the whole Army congested upon them pure grassy turfes, cut from the surface of the ground; which is the rea­son why it doth not appear by any hollowness, whence the earth was taken that raised the Tu­mulus.

And thus much shall suffice for these Tumuli, The like was tha [...] of S [...]verus at Yorke mentioned by Camb­den. And that called Hublow in D [...]von: id est tumu­lus Hubba. Lel. col. vol. 1. p 234. or Lowes (of which kind there are many more in this County); a good part whereof I do ac­knowledge to have received from the learned Franc. Iunius, my worthy friend.

As for the first syllable Knight (this Tumulus being called Knightlow) it is a Saxon, word and hath divers significations; sometimes it is used for a Man-Child, sometimes for a Young Man, Servant, Batcheler, or unmarryed Man. In the Sa­xon Gospels the Disciples of our Saviour are cal­led [...]: but most commonly is that name of Knight attributed to a Souldier, or one that beareth Armes: for the antient manner of conferring the honour of Knighthood, was bal­theo militari decorare. We call them now in La­tine Milites; the Italians Cavallieri; the French Chivaliers, in regard they serve as Souldiers on Horse back: but I will not enlarge my self fur­ther on this subject, it being so fully handled by Camb. Brit. edit. Lond. anno 1637. p. 170. Sel­dens tit. of Honour p. 769. others; concluding that this Low was the Tu­mulus or monument (doubtless) of some eminent Souldier in the Romans time.

But the Cross sometime there, was of later erecti­on, as in most publick places of concourse the like hath bin, to put people in mind of the great be­nefit God hath vouchsafed for the Redemption of mankind by the passion of his Son; which, no doubt, to all pious Christians is of very good use, however, upon pretence that they were idolized, are now demolished in most pa [...]ts of this King­dom.

According to my proposed method, beginning with the River Avon, (which hath its head near Navesby in Northampton-shire,) I shall ob­serve that the original thereof is Brittish; Aufona or Avon, with them signifying the same as Fluuius in Latin: and that at its entrance into this Coun­ty, it meeteth the great Road called Watling-street, Watling street. whereof I hope it will not be thought in­congruous to take here some speciall notice.

That it was a work of the Romans is not to be doubted. Whilst Agricola (saith Tacitus Tacit. in vita Agric.) go­verned Britane, severall wayes were enjoyned, and far distant places (by the purveyours commande­ment) that the Countrey should carry from the nea­rest standing Camp, or wintering places, to those that were far of and out of the way; and the Bri­tans complained, (as the same Tacitus writeth), that the Romanes wore out and consumed their bo­dies and hands, in clearing of woods, and paving the Fens, with a thousand stripes and reproachfull indignities: And we read (saith Mr. Cambden) [Page 6] in antient Records. That in the days of Honorius and Arcadius, there were made in Britaine certain beaten wayes from Sea to Sea. And that this was the Romans work, Beda Beda Eccl. hist. cap. 11. testifyeth. The Romans (saith he) inhabited within the wall which Seve­rus had made overthwart the Island towards the Southern side, which the Citties, Churches and Street-wayes, there made, do witness at this day.

From this Way was that antient City Verola­mium (near St. Albans) called, in the Saxons time Wetlingaceaster M. Paris. in vit. Abb. p 240 34. p 241 37., as appeareth by K. Ethelreds Charter, whereby he granted lands to the mona­stery of St. Alban, in the year of Christ 996.

Great was the cost and labour, in carrying of Stones, Gravell and Sand, for the making those ways firm and lasting, as may yet be seen in di­vers parts, where the soyl it self, within many miles, yeildeth not such materials. Nay it hath bin ob­served, that near St. Albans, in digging the ground where Watlingstreet-way antiently went, Gra­vell and Sand hath bin found ten foot deep in the earth, and eighteen foot in breadth, with great flint stones in the bottom, such belike, saith mine Author, Lelandi Col. vo [...]. 3. p. 280. as were at first upon the top thereof. And, in what great account these wayes have an­tiently bin, may appear by the eminency of the persons, who were imployed as Officers for taking care in the oversight of them; Augustus Caesar himself not disdaining the task: And sometimes the Ediles took charge of them, as it appears by Caligula Sueton. in vespas. n. 5. his causing the Edile-vestment of Fla­vius Vespasianus, when he executed that place negligently, to be publickly dawbed over with dirt: and sometime that imployment was com­mitted Sutton in Claudio n. 24. Collegio Quaestorum.

They had rules set down de muniendis & stru­endis viis, which they called Legem viariam, as appears by Celius Cicer E­pist. l. 8. E­pist. ad Fam. his Epist. to Cicero; and these they called Viccuri, for viarum cura­tores; yea they committed the tuition of the wayes to the Gods themselves, and called them Dii vii. Plautus in Mercatore Act. 5. Scen. 2. calls them Lares viales: And Apollo, by Pausanias is termed Viarum praeses. Likewise they used to sa­crifice Arnob. lib. 4. ad­versus gen­tes. Deae vibiliae, quae ab erroribus viarum mor­tales liberat; And there is extant an antique In­scription (the Copy whereof Lipsius upon Smetius hath mentioned) FORTUNAE REDUCI LARI VIALI ROMAE AETER­NAE. Q. AXIUS AELIAN.

Vide Hist. Angl. script. col. 2357. n. 30.Neither were these ways without great account by our Ancestours the Saxons, as may appear by the Laws of St. Edward, De pace quatuor Chimi­norum; that is Viarum, sub majori judicio; viz. touching the peace of the four road-ways, in some higher Court: And since that time the Statute 52. H. 3. cap. 15. of Marlebridge forbiddeth distresses to be taken in any of the Kings High-ways, or common streets; And the Statute called 9. F. 2. Articuli cleri comman­deth, that such as abjured, should not be molested while they be in the High ways.

M S. in bibl. Bodl. f. 10. b.But of those ways let us hear Rob. of Glouce­cester in his old ryme, though he be somewhat mistaken, aswell in the Tract of them, as in the Makers.

Faire weyes many on ther ben in Englonde;
But four most of all ther ben I understonde,
That thurgh an old Kyng were made ere this,
As men schal in this boke aftir here telle I wis.
Fram the South into the North takith Erminge­strete.
Fram the East into the West goeth Ikeneld strete.
Fram Southest to Northwest, that is sum del grete.
Fram Dover into Chestre goth Watlyng­strete.
The ferth ot thise is most of alle that tilleth fram Toteneys.
Fram the one end of Cornwaile anone to Ca­teneys.
Fram the Southwest to Northest into Englondes ende,
Fosse men callith thilke wey that by mony town doth wende.
Thise foure weyes on this londe Kyng Belin the wise
Made and ordeyned hem with gret Fraunchise;
For whoso dide therein ony thefte other ony woum
He made iuggement therof and gret vengeaunce ynoum.


BUt I will forbear to enlarge my self any fur­ther on this subject, and take a view of Clif­ton, which standeth upon the top of an indifferent hill, on the South-side of Avon, having its name from the scituation; [...], and [...] with the Saxons, signifying not onely a rocky place, but any shelving ground.

In Doomesday-booke it is written Cliptone, the Norman Transcribers of the certificate made upon that Inquisition taken by the Countrey, mistaking (without doubt) the Saxon letter F. which is thus written [...], for a p.

In the time of K. Edward the Conf. this Town was possest by Alwine, who is commonly called Alwinus vicecomes; a great man in those days, and lineall ancestour to that worthy and long la­sting family of Arden, that hath flourished ever since in this County, as I shall shew when I come to Curdworth, in Hemlingford-Hundred.

Which Alwine gave Lib. Domes­day. it to the Priory of Co­ventre, for the health of his soul, by the consent of the said King Edward, and of his own sons: but after the Norman-Conquest Earl Alberi [...] (Progenitor to that noble family of Vere antient­ly, and yet, Earles of Oxford) unjustly seized upon it and outed the Monkes; as it is certified by the Conquerours Survey, in which it is found to contein five Hydes. There was then a Church, and two Mills, the value of the whole Lordship being rated at iiii. l.

I have not seen by any Record, how it came out of the line of this Albericus Comes; but certein it is, that it continued not long therein: for it is evident that Ernald de Bois, who lived in K. Ste­phens time, was owner thereof. And that it was given to him by Robert, surnamed Bossu, then Earl of Leicester is not to be doubted; for upon the grant Cart. 7. Ioh. n. 58. of the custody of his heir in the 7. year of K. Iohn, it is said to be de fedo Saiheri de Quinci, which Saierus married Rot. de Inquis. & tenuris pe­nès Thes. & Camer. Scacc. Margaret Sister and one of the coheires of Robert Fitz-Parnell Earl of Leicester, and had by her, in partition, the moiety of the Honour of Leicester.

[Page 7]Hoc stemma ex codice MS. Hen­rici comitis Stan­fordiae deductum est.

  • Ernaldus de Bos­co, primus, Se­nesch. comitis Leic. ......soror
    Rot. Fin. 7. Ioh. m. 12.
    Rogeri de Basingham, relicta 7. Joh.
    • Ernaldus de Bos­co, secundus
      • Ernaldus de Bos­co tertius.
        • Ernaldus de Bosco, quartus
          • Johannes de Bosco filius & haeres, o­biit sine pro­le.
          • Magr. Will. de Bosco.
          • Isabella soror & haeres / Johan. Lo­vel miles.
            • Will. la zouche de Haringworth.-Matildis filia & haeres
        • Ex evi­dentiis. Ric. Cham­be [...]lein de A [...]tley, ar.
          Johanna uxor Thomae de Estleja

This Ernauld gave Regist. Abb. de Leic. in Bibl. Cot­ton. s. 34. b. to the Abby of Leicester (of the said Earls foundation, whose Steward he was) the perpetuall Patronage of the Church here at Clifton [...] with the Chapels of Waver (id est Browns-Over) Rokeby, and Newton.

To whom, after severall descents, succeded Iohn; who,Rot. de Quo Warr. in 13. E. 1. claimed by Prescription a Court-Leet here with other Priviledges: and Free-War­ren, granted by K. H. 3. to Arnold his father; all which were allowed. And to him William; who in 21. E. 1. setled Fin. le­ [...]at .xv. Mich. 21. [...]. 1. divers mannours, lying in the Counties of Warwike, Leic. and Nor­thampt. upon William la Zouch and Maud his Wife, and the Heirs of their two Bodies lawfully begotten: in which entayl, a Knights fee in this Lordship likewise passes, but no mention of the Mannour.

So that, 'tis like, it was granted away before; and, very probably, in the 13. of E. 1. before the making of the Statute of Quia emptores terrarum, in regard that Clifton is found afterwards to be held of the Zouches of Haringworth (who were Heirs of Boys) and not of the Honour of Leicester as formerly; which could not (I conceive) have bin, if it had bin after that Statute.

The next possessor of this Lordship was William Revell (of whom and his Family I have spoke in Newbold-Revell;) which William, in 27. E. 1. obteined a Charter Cart. 27. [...]. 1. n. 15. of free Warren in all his De­mesn Lands here; as also in Newbolt and Browns­waure in this County; And in 1. E. 2. entayled Fin. le­vat. O­ctab. Hill. 1 E. 2. War. it upon himself and the heirs of his body: but, for lack of such issue, on William Inge for life; and after his decease on Iohn the Son of William Revell and the Heirs of his Body; with divers remainders. In the Male line of which William, it continued not more then two descents after; but by an Heir fe­male divolved to Robert de Witteny of Witteny in Hereford-shire, as the Pedegree in Newbold-Revel sheweth: from whom Sir Robert Whitney of the same place and County Knight, now Lord of this Mannour, is descended.

The Church (dedicated to the Assumption of our Lady,) being antiently a Prebend Regist. Abb. de Leic. in Bibl. Cot­ton. fol. 7. a. of the Ca­stle at Leicester, but afterwards granted to the Abby there, was appropriated Ex v [...]tu­sio exem­plari p [...]nès Decan. & capitulum Lich. by Geffry Mus­champ Bishop of Cou. and Lich, in K. Iohn's time. And in Anno 1291. 19. E. 1. valued Ex am­plo codice M S. in Scac. penès Remem. [...]. at xxv. marks, the Vicaridge being then rated at v. This is commonly called Pope Nicholas his taxa­tion.

In the 26. of H. 8. the Vicaridge was valued Ex vete­ri codice M S. penès S. Archer mil. fol. 24. b. at viii. l. xx. d. the Procurations Ex Codi­ce cartacco M S. apud castell. de Eccleshale. anno 1637 antiently payd to the Bishop of Coventre and Lich. out of this Re­ctory being v. s. vi. d. The Originall ground of which payment arose by reason of the damage that the Bishop and his Successours were like to sustein after such appropriation made; because the Parson was to give Bowl. fol. 78. a. entertainment to the Bishop when he came to visit; forasmuch as the Bishop might visit ecclesiatim, that is every par­ticular Church, if he pleased: so that there was good cause, that he should, upon the appropria­tion, pro indempnitate sua & successorum suorum, reserve something to be paid, in regard they must travail at their own charge.

Now that the word procuratio imports matter of Dyet, I could shew many pregnant instances, but I will make short, and exhibite these for all.

Giff. fol. 326. b Anno 1290. Memorand. quod die Mercurii in festo S. Lucae Evang. Dominus Episcopus cae­pit procurationem suam in cibis & potibus apud Bordesleg, & pernoctavit ibidem.

Ex Regist. de kenilw. penès S. Clarke Ba [...]. anno 1640, p. 10. Gauf. de Clintona omnibus (&c.) Sciatis me concessisse in Elemosinam Ecclesiam S. Marie de Chening. & Canonicis ejusdem, terram de Wride­fen quam dederam Rad: sororio (&c.) Pro hac concessione debent ipsi Canonici eidem Rad. procura­tionem quamdiu vixerit, (&c.) So that here you see, that whereas the word procuratio doth simply signify procurement, which is for another to do that which the party himself ought; whereupon the word Procurator, in the Civill Law imports as much as an Attourney in the sense of the common Law: so is it in this case strained, by the same reason, to express Dyet or enterteinment, which another takes charge of to ease the party himself, on whose care it must otherwise rest.

Now for the term of Appropriation, Of this see more in Cowells Interp. ver­bo Appro­priation. because I would once for all make it clear to every ordinary capacity; it commeth from the French word approprier, id est aptare vel accommodare, and properly signifies in our Law (as Dr. Cowell in his Interpreter observes) a severing of a Benefice Ecclesiasticall,How they first began see Sir H. Spelmans larger work of Tithes, edit Lond. anno 1647. p. 151. and so forward. which originally and in nature is juris divini, & in patrimonio nullius, to the pro­per and perpetuall use of some Religious-House or the like: for Seldens Hist. of Tithes p. 142. without the consent of the Bi­shop, no Religious Orders could receive any Ap­propriations or Tithes, as by a decree in the La­teran-Councell Anno 1180. was ordeined. Ec­clesias & decimas (are the words) de manu laico­rum, sine consensu Episcoporum, tam illos (that is Templars and Hospitalars, against whom the Pro­vision was chiefly made) quam quoscunque alios Religiosos, recipere prohibemus; which was con­firmed in the Generall Councell of Lateran under Innocent the 3. Anno 1215.

Patroni vicariae
Incumbentes, & tempora instit.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Langt. fol. 39. b.
D. Nich. de Bredon Capell. xvi. kl. Nov. an. 1315.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Northb. f. 21. a.
Symon Prior Pbr. x. kl. Apr. an. 1327.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Ib. f. 57. b.
Ioh. de Oneley Pbr. xii. kl. Ian. an. 1353.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Stret. f. 20. b.
Ioh. Malesours, ix. Apr. an. 1372.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Ib. f. 22. b.
Ioh. de Addestoke Pbr. ii. non. Oct. an. 1375.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Sk. f. 7. b.
Will. Pynke, xxvi. Apr. an. 1392.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Burgh. f. 18. b.
Ioh. de Wendlyburgh cap. ult. Febr. an. 1406.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Bull. f. 2 [...] a.
Alex. Sherman cap. xxvii. Apr. an. 1416.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Ib. f. 7. b.
Rob. Dent. cap. ii. Martii an. 1418.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Heyw. f. 14. [...].
Will. Thurston Pbr. xix. Dec. an. 1424.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Ib. f. 37. a.
Ioh. Thornton Pbr. v. Sept. an. 1438.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Rad. Bradshaw Pbr. 1. Oct. an. 1446.
Ib. f. 44. b.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
Galfridus Clark Pbr. xxii. Aug. an. 1448.
Bo. f. 7. b.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
D. Wills Chaundeler.
Abbas & Conu: Leic.
D. Ric. Cowper cap. xv. Nov. an. 1536.
Sh. & P. f. 14. a.
Thomas Shuckbo­rough gen.
Edm. Pearce cleric. xix. Ian. an 1576.
Samps. f. 43 a.
Carolus Waterhouse Gen.
Ric. Tynney cleric. xxvi. Oct. an. 1576.
Ib. f. 47. a.
Elizabetha Re­gina.
Matheus Kyng, ii. Martii an. 1597.
Overton bundel. in­cert.
Will. Dilke Gen.
Petrus Eccarsall Cleric. 1. Apr. An. 1598.

Here was a fair spire Steeple, as an eminent Land­mark, seen over all this part of the Countrey in regard of its height and situation of the place; which, in the year 1639. was pull'd down to save the costs of its repair.


Though Rugby was antiently (as I have al­ready shew'd) a member of Clifton, yet because it hath bin of long time, and now is, a Parish of it self, I shall leave it till anon; and, pursuing my designed method, go on with Browns-Over, Neu­ton, and Biggin, which are of this Parish of Clifton, on the North side of Avon. And first for Browns-Over.


IN the Conq. Survey this town is written Domes­day lib. Gau­ra, the Norman Clerks not being used to our English W. but instead thereof used a G, as Gualterus for Walterus, Guillelmus for Willel­mus, Garde for Warde, and many more as might be instanced.

This name of Waure (for so it is afterwards, of a long time, written, as well as the two other towns of the same name, of which I shall speak hereafter (viz. Church-waure, now Church-Over, and Thester-waure, now Cester-Over) hath its denomination from the eminent site thereof, being upon a Hill: But however it is thus written, the Countrey people call it Over, and not Waure, which signifies no less, (as we ex­perimentally know) then a high situation: for all towns named Overton, or Wauerton (as I shall have occasion afterwards to instance) do stand upon hilly-ground. Over importing as much as supra.

As for the addition of the first Syllable (Browns) it is to distinguish it from the other neighbouring towns of the same name, which was joyned there­with, as 'tis apparent, by reason that one Bruno Ib. had his seat here in the Conq. time, and held two hydes of land in this place of Geffrey Wirce (a man of great note in these parts, as I shall demonstrate when I come to Monkskirby.)

In this place Earl Alberic (of whom I have spoken already in Clifton) held, Ib. then also, two hydes and a half; And one Ib. Radulfus [...] (of whom I shall make mention in Holme and Neu­ton) half a hyde.

Upon the Aide Testa de Nevill in Scac. penès Remem. Regis. for mariage of the Kings Sister xx. H. 3. there is one mark for half a Knights fee in Brunsewaure of the fee of the Earl of Win­chester (in regard of that part of the Honour of Leicester which he held, as I have already shew'd in Clifton.) And in the 55. of H. 3. it appears, that Ernauld de Boys (of whom I have also spo­ken in Clifton) held four Knights fees in We­ston, Bulkinton, Clifton, Wauere (viz. this Wauere) and Wibtoft: so that it may (with­out doubt) be concluded, that the possession of this Mannour belonged as antiently to the family of Boys, as Clifton did. How or when they par­ted with it I know not; but in 8. E. 1. it (being then written Bruneswafre,) was granted, Fin. le­vat. Octab. Hill. 8. E. 1 by Robert Hovel, and Alianore his wife, to Theobald Malegal, and Nicholas Test, Merchants of Luke, to be held of the said Robert and Alianore and the heires of Alianore for ever, paying 1. d. at Easter yearly for all services; and for this they [Page 9] gave then C C. marks of Silver: so that, it seems to have been of the inheritance of Alianore. And yet in 13. E. 1. did Iohn de Bosco (of whom I have made mention in Clifton) claim Rot. de Quo War. a Court-leet here, and other liberties, used by his ance­stours time out of mind; As also Free-Warren, by the grant of K. H. 3. to Ernauld de Boys, his Father; exhibiting the Kings Charter for the same, which was allowed.

But from the before specified Theobald and Ni­cholas was it purchased F. levat. Octab. Trin. 20. E. 1. by William Revell in 20. E. 1. which William, in 27. of the same K. Reign, obteyned a Charter Cart. 27. E. 1. n. 15. for Free-warren in all his demesn Lands here: And in 35. E. 1. entayled Fin. le­vat. Octab. Hill. 35. E. 1. it with Clifton, as hath been there exprest.

When these Revells parted with it I find not; nor have I seen any thing more thereof till 11. E. 4. that Thomas Bellers Gentleman released to Claus. 11. E. 4. m. 4. Richard Boughton Esquire all his right there­in; which Richard was of Little-Lawford, and dyed Esc. 1. H. 7. seised thereof 3. R. 3. leaving William his Son and Heir, whose descendants, there continu­ing, have enjoyed it to this day.

The Chappel here, (dedicated to St. Michael) with tythes of Corn and Hay, as also one yard land and a messuage belonging to the mother Church of Clifton, were given Regist. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Cotton. f. 21. b. by Ernald de Boys (viz. the first) to the Abby of Leicester. In which Chappel Regist. Abb. de Leic. n bibl. Bodl. f. 38. b. there is Christening and Bu­riall, by the speciall grant of the Abbot of Lei­cester in regard of the distance of this village from the Mother Church of Clifton, and the hin­drance of access thereto by the overflowing of A­von, oft times.

Armes in this Chappel, viz. in the East Win­dow.

Gules a cinquefoile ermine. Old Earl of Leic.


ADjoyning to this Village is Newton, having its name from the first plantation there, which was then new (it seems) in comparison of the o­ther adjacent Towns.

In Domes­day. lib. the Conq. time Turchil de Warwic (Pro­genitor of the Ardens) held it, viz. by Tenants under him, the remembrance of whose names are not of consequence, it then conteining 3. hydes as is certified in the generall Survey.

A great part of this village belonged to the Pri­ory of Kenillworth; some whereof was given Reg. de Kenill. p. 5. & p. 116. Cart. 18. E. 2. n. 4. thereunto by Geffrey Clinton in H. 1. time, at the Buriall of Geffrey his Father, founder of that Monastery (as shall be shew'd in its proper place:) which grant Regist. de Kenil. p. 30 Henry de Arden, Grandchild of the above mentioned Turchill, confirmed. And the rest, viz. Ib. p. 36.two Hydes, Ernauld de Boys (of whom I have already spoken in Clifton) gave; which Land he the said Ernauld (as by his grant appears) had of Geffrey Clinton before specified. The residue in K. Steph. time did Hugh Bagot purchase, Regist. de Cumba in bibl. Cotton f. 105. a. (scit. Vitel. A. 1.) together, with Cotes (now Coton) of Raphe de Duuerne: And in consideration of xl. s. which In­geram Bagot his Brother gave him towards his ex­pedition beyond Sea with Otuerus de Sulley, gran­ted them both to the said Ingeram to be held of Rob. fil. Odonis, the chief Lord of the Fee. Which Ingeram had issue Simon, who sold Ib. f. 65. [...]. & f. 107. a. to the Monks of Combe three yard land here; Raph de Mora one of the Heirs to Robert fil. Odonis confirming Ib. f. 10 [...] a. the grant.

[But of these Bagots I purpose to speak, when I come to Preston Bagot, where I shall insert a scheme of their descent.]

Afterward; viz. in 8. Ioh. Robert de Cotes (now called Coton in the Parish of Church-O­ver,) obteyned by exchange Ib. f. 108. a. b. & 110. a. from the Abbot and Covent of Combe, all the Land that they had in Newton, for Lands which he gave them in Cotes. And in the Reg. de Cumba in bibl. Cotton. f. 2 [...]0. a. (sci. V [...]te [...]. D. 18.) 25. of H. 3. Nichola, the Widow of Simon Bagot of Preston (in this County) released to the Abbot and Covent of Combe and their successours, the whole right which she had by reason of her dowrie, in all those Lands of Cotes and Neuton. So that in Testa de Nevill. 36. H. 3. that which the Monkes of Combe had in Newton, answered for the sixth part of a Knights Fee, upon payment of the aid for the Kings transfretation into Gascoine; which, as it seemes, was viii. yard Land, or else they had more granted after that time to them; for, in Rot. de Presentat. per Hundr. coram Iu­stic. in baga de Ragman. penès Th [...]. & Cam [...]. Scac. 4. E. 1. they enjoyed so much. In the Rot. pen [...]s Sim. Cla [...]ke Bar. xx. of E. 3. it answered also for the sixth part of a Knights Fee.

But, in R. 2. time, by new gifts or smaller measure, that which the Abby of Combe had there, was rated at Rot. per­gam Pènes Ab. Boune. xi. yard Land and 1. Acre, accounting 48. Acres to a yard of Land.

Thus did this Monastery continue possessed of Newton till its dissolution. After which, viz. in 36. H. 8. the K. granted Pat. 36. H. 8. p. 22. away (with divers o­ther Lands) that which belonged to the Monks of Combe, to Thomas Broke, and Iohn Williams, and to the Heirs of Broke, by the name of the Mannour of Neuton. And yet, in the same year, I find a Licence Pat. de eodem an. p [...]o 15. to Mary Dutchess of Rich­mund to Alien the very same Mannour to Henry Leigh Esquire. And afterwards by Inquisition Esc. 4. E­liz. taken upon the death of the said Henry, is it found, that he dyed seized thereof 14. Apr. 3. Eliz. and that Edward his Son and Heir was xx. years of age. But what became of those Lands, which the Pr. of Kenylworth had here, I have not seen.

Below Newton, Eastwards, lyes Biggin so called of later time. Biggin signifying an habi­tation; in resemblance whereof we have the Saxon word [...] for inhabitants. As also in the Northern parts the name of Biggin for a fair House, or Gentlemans seat, but antiently this was called Holme, having been a Village in the Conq. time, though now there be scarce any thing left but a Mill: which name it took from the situation, lying in a nook betwixt the River Avon, and a small brook that comes from Shaw­ell in Leicestershire, as the Map will shew: for such grounds as are in whole, or for the most part, compassed with waters, are so called, as we may observe almost every where.

In the Conq. time Turchil de Warwick held Domes­day. lib. it, by his under-tenants.

From whom it came, with the rest of his Lands, (as it seemes) to the Earles of Warwick; for of their Fee it afterwards was: and thence, partly to Camvile and partly to others. That which Camvile had here, being granted to Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton f. 7. a. Henry de Rokeby from Richard de Camvile, was by the Canons of Leicester obteined in H. 2. time, in Regist. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 62. b. consideration of the Chappel of Rugby, given by them to him and his Heirs: which Chappel [Page 10] was a member of Clifton, as hath already been manifested. But the Mill, yet standing [...] they had Reg. de Cumba (scil. Vite­lius A. 1.) f. 18. a. from Robert the Son of Fulco de Holme, who in xx. H. 3. was certified Testa de N [...]vill. to hold the x. part of a Knights fee here of the Earl of Warwick.

Here also had the Canons of Roucester in com. Staff the Claus. 4. H. 4 m. 12. Esc. de co­dem an. sixth part of a Knights fee, held of the said Earles; but when or by whom granted I find not. The like 6. part Esc. 14. H. 6. n. 35. did the Lady Ioane Beu­champ of Bergavenny hold in 14. H. 6.

The greatest proportion, if not all, of which particulars, excepting what the Monkes of Combe had, came at length to William Leigh, and Eli­zabeth his Wife: for in 29. H. 8. were they sei­zed Pasch. R. 29. H. 8. Rot. 16.thereof by the name of the Mannour of New-Bigging, which divolved to Henry Leigh Es­quire, who had Esc. 3. E. it in 3. Eliz.

But the Mill, and what else belong'd to Combe was granted Pat. 36. H. 8. p. 22. out of the Crown in 36. H. 8. unto Thomas Brooke and Iohn Williams, and to the Heirs of Brook.

I have now done with the Parish of Clifton; towards the North-west part whereof the River Swift (that riseth above Lutterworth in Lei­cester-shire) which takes its name from the nim­ble course thereof (doubtless) falls into Avon. This River crossing Watlingstrete entreth War­wick-shire at a Bridge called now Benesford-bridge, Benesford Bridge. but antiently Brunesford bridge. But whether this Bridge had its name from that Co­lony of the Romans called Bennones, whose sta­tion was at High-cross, (not far distant from hence, where the Fosse meets with Watlingstrets,) as Mr. Cambden conceives, is hard to say. It may very well be, that if the right name thereof be Brunesford, as I find it antiently written, it might h [...]ve its originall from Bruno, who held Bruneswauere in the Conq. time (as I have al­ready shew'd:) for his seat was not far thence you see. But all that I have met with concerning this Bridge, is, that by a presentment Plac. co­ram Ioh. de Vallibus & aliis 12 E. 1. Leic. in Hund. de Guthlax­ton rot. 39. of the Jury before the Justices Itinerant at Leicester 12. E. 1. it was then found to have been broken; and that the Towns of Luterworth and Cotesbach, were to repair the one half thereof; viz. that side which is in Leicester-shire: and Wauere and Wauere, viz. Church-Over and Cester-Over (for that they lye on each side the water,) that towards Warwick-shire.


I Have now only, on this side that River, the town of Church-Over to speak of; with Coton, an­tiently a village, though at present there be but one House in this Parish; and then I must step on the South side of Avon again.

In the time of Edward the Conf. one Waga (as the Book of Domesday calls him) was Lord of this place, of whom, when I come to speak of Wotton in Barlichway-hundred, I shall say more. But after the Norman invasion Robert de Stadford, Progenitor of that great family, I mean the Barons of Stafford, had it. In the Conquerours Survey this town is written Wara, and there cer­tified to contain 7. Hydes: yet we now pronounce it Over (for the reason I have shew'd in the Ety­mologizing of Browns Over) and call it Church-Over, for distinction from the other adjacent of same name.

Howbeit there is no mention in Domesday-Book, of any Church here in the Conq. time; nor, indeed, in most other places of this County: Nay we are not onely without all knowledge when our Chur­ches were first founded and endowed; but very much to seek as touching many of their presen­tations and Institutions within that compass of time, in which we are sure such there were. Mi­rum Plut. in Thes. non est in rebus antiquis Historiam non constare.

Let us therefore observe what we can find,Originall of Parishes in generall, aswell concerning the originall of Pa­rishes, as when they were so fixed, that the In­habitants, within that precinct, were restrained from paying Tithes to what Church they plea­sed; in which scrutiny I hope it will not be taken amiss, if here I make a short digression.

In the Decret. Dionys. PP. year of Christ 266. Peace being then restored under Galienus, Dionysius, the Pope or­deined Churches, Church-yards and Parishes, to Priests. This other Popes had done before, but Priests being driven from their charges, in Va­lerian's persecution, he again did it. But long af­ter those days the Church was in her infancy, as that approved Author venerable Bede, Eccl. hist. ven. Bedae lib. 2. cap. 14. will tell you: for he saith, that in the Province of Berni­cia From the River Tees, which di­vides York-shire from the Bisho­prick of Durham, to Edenbo­rough Frithe. and Deira, The East part of York-shire called Hol­derness. Paulinus, who first converted the people in those parts to the Christian faith, Baptized them in the River Swale; there being not, about that time, either Fonts or Churches: and this was about the year of Christ 627. How­be it in England Honorius Godwin de praesul. p. 59. (the fifth Arch-Bi­shop of Canterbury) about the year 636. was the first that ordeined Parishes; ut singulis mi­nistris singulos greges quos curarent posset at [...]ri­buere. That he might assign to every Priest the particular flock on which he should have charge. And our eminent Antiquary Hist. of Tythes p. 254. (Mr. Selden) spea­king of those antient times hath these words. In the Primitive times of the English-Saxon Church; viz. about the year 684. the Bishop and the whole Clergy of the Dioces, were as one body, living up­on their endowments (bestowed on the Bishoprick) and their treasure that came from the sundry pla­ces of Devotion, whither some one or other of them, at the Bishops appointment, was sent to Preach the word and Minister the Sacraments, every Clerke having his dividend for his maintenance. And Cutbert Godw. de praesul. p. 65. the xi. Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, about the year 752. obteined of the Pope, that the Bodies of the dead should be buried in Church-yards, within the Cities; whereas before, the cu­stom was to carry them out of the walls to be in­terred.

But the first express mention of limitation of profits (other than of the endowing) to be given to this or that Church, is in those Laws of K. Ed­gar, made about the year 970. (as Mr. Selden Hist. of Tithes p. 262. saith) where a threefold division is of Churches. The first is called [...], that is Senior Ecclesia, which name antiently was given to Cathedralls. The second a Church that hath [...] or place for buriall, The third Church that hath no [...]; where it is ordeined, that every man, having not erected a Church of his own, shall pay his Tythes to the [...], that is, to the antientest Church or Monastery where he hears Gods service.

[Page 11]And in the Synod at London held by Anselm Arch-Bishop of Canterbury An. 1102. it was ordained, Antiq. Brit. Eccl. p. 118. ut decimae non nisi Ecclesiis dentur; whereby it is plain, that Tythes were given, before that time, at liberty. Nay, such had been the use to pay Tythes where they pleased, that Pope Innocen­tii t [...]rti [...] Decret. E­pist. 6. lib. 2. p. 452. (edit. Co­loniae an. 1575.) Innocent the 3. in the year 1199. writes to the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, ut Ecclesiis parochialibus justae decimae persolvantur.

The Epistle is worth observing, therefore have I quoted the place exactly where it is to be seen at large. And Mr. Selden Hist. of Tithes p. 289. sayes, It is most cer­tain, that before about the year 1200. after Christ, it was most commonly practised by the laytie, to make arbitrary consecrations of the Tithes of their possessions to what Monastery or Church they would; sometimes giving half, sometimes a third part, and at their pleasure, all in perpetuall right, or other­wise according to the nature of those consecrations in other Countries. And, 'tis sure enough, that many years after that, the people practised such arbitrary disposition of their Tithes: for in the Councell Tho. Wal­sing. Hist. Angl. p. 4.27. at Lyons, convocated in the year 1275. by Pope Gregory the x. it was ordained; Quod nulli hominum deinceps liceat decimas suas ad libitum, ut antea, vbi vellet assignare, sed ma­trici Ecclesiae omnes decimas persolverent.

It should seem, that antiently men payd their Tithes to that place where they had a mind to be buryed, which was the cause that they often wa­ved the payment to their proper Parish Church; for Hist. of Tithes p. 145. Mr. Selden observes, that in an old Coun­cell of Tribur in the year 895. it was decreed, ubi quis decimas persolvebat vivus, ibi sepeliatur & mortuus.

But I find that Tho. Wal­singh. p. 172. l. 28. Simon Islep Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, in the year 1362. did assign, and appoint that the stipend of a Priest should be but lxvi. sol. viii. d. a year, quod plures furari coegit, says the Historian.

A word now touching the first beginning of Institutions to Benefices by the Bishop.

In Hist. of Tithes p. 375. the Nationall Synod held at Westm. An. 1124. by Iohn de Crema the Popes Legate, it was constituted (saith the before specified learned per­son) quod Nullus Abbas, nullus Prior, nullus om­nino Monachus vel Clericus, Ecclesiam, sive de­cimam, seu quaelibet beneficia Ecclesiastica de dono laici, sine proprii Episcopi authoritate & assensu, suscipiat; quod si praesumptum fuerit, irrita [...]rit do­natio hujusmodi; and some allowance was given to the Canons by the King: yet it is most certain (saith he) that the practice was for divers years o­therwise; and that Churches with Tithes, were most commonly given by lay Patrons without the Bishops assent or institution; and that aswell by filling them with Incumbents, as appropriating them to Monasteries, Chapters, or otherwise.

I now return to Church-Over, whereof the first mention I find after the Conq. time, is, that the Monastery of Reg. de Cumba [scil. Vite­lius A. 1.] fol. 65. a. Ib. fol. 39. b. Combe had much land here by the gift of Robert de Wauere, fil Sewardi; and this is very antient; for K. H. 2. confirms it; whence I conclude, that either the same Robert, or Seward his Father, was first enfeoft of a great part, if not of all this Village, by the said Robert de Stadford, or some of his descendants.

Such was the affection of this Robert de Wauere to the Monastery of Combe, that amongst other his grants [...] heIb. fol. 112. a. b. gave thereunto 96. Acres of er­rable Land in this Lordship with his body there to be buryed; and that his Obit might be as so­lemnly kept, as if he had been a Monk of the house. Which grants Roger de VVauere, sonne of the said Robert, (in some called Rogerus de Church-wa­ver (confirms Ib. fo [...] 114. b. to the said Monastery. And after him Ernaldus filius Ernaldi de waver, gave Ib fol. 115. b. Lands in this town to the said Abby cum corpore suo, Radulphus filius Elenae, dictae de Church-waver ratifying the same. So that the Rot. per­gam penès A. B. quantity, which the Abbot of Combe had in this place in R. 2. time, was six messuages and three yard Land, containing in the whole 155. Acres and a half; with two Acres and five doles of Meadow.

But this town was then called Waver-Ro­ger, by way of distinction from Brunes-waver and Thester-waver; the reason whereof is plain, Roger de Wauere (son of Robert) being sometime Lord thereof.

How or when it past from these VVaver's I am yet to learn: nor have I seen any thing further of it till 20. E. 1. that Gefferey Stapleford and Ioan his Wise entayled F. levat. crast. Ioh. Bapt. 20. E 1. it upon the Heirs of their two Bodies. From hence therefore must I make a leap till 9. E. 2. at which time Iohn de Chireford and Geffrey de Morton were Nomi [...]a [...]illarum. certified to be Lords thereof: but it seems, that Morton's moytie came shortly afterwards to the Monastery of Kenyl­worth; for it appears, that the Abbot and Co­vent of that House obtayned licence Pat. 7. F. 3. p. 1. m. [...]. of the King in 7. E. 3. to purchase it from Roger de Boyvill, then Parson of Lalleford, and Iohn Lok Vicar of Lillington; who, as Feoffees in trust, had it in their hands to convey unto them accordingly: After which it is plain, that they presented to the Rectory, alternis vicibus, as it fell void; but what Lands or Rents they had here I find not, forasmuch as the Survey in 26. H. 8. mentions not any. Nor whither the Monks of Combe ob­tayned it, to augment what they had in this place, so given as abovesaid, can I say; but certain it is, that after the dissolution of that Monastery, what they had here past by the name of a Mannour, as appeareth by the Pat. 36. H. 8. p. [...]7. Licence unto Mary Dutchess of Richmund for aliening thereof unto William Dix­well and his Wife, in 36. H. 8. (whereby 'tis like that she had the first grant of it from the Crown.) Since which time the Dixwells of Coton (hard by) have been owners of it, as it seems.

As for Shirford's moytie, 'tis plain, that it divolved to the family of Purefey, by Marriage Ex col­lect. W. Burton de Lindley ar. of Margaret, Daughter and Heir of the before specified Iohn de Shireford, unto Philip Purefey of Munsterton in Leicester-shire; and continued in that line for divers ages, as by their presentments to the Rectory may be discerned.

In this Parish upon the old Roman way cal­led Watlingstrete, is to be seen a very great Tu­mulus, which is of that magnitude, that is puts passengers besides the usuall road. But of this kind I have spoken before in my discourse of Knightlow­hill, therefore I need not to enlarge my self further on that subject.

In an. 1291. 19. E. 1. the Church (dedicated to the Holy Trinity) was valued Ex am­plo cod. M S. in Scac. penès Remem. R. at vii. marks and a half; and in 26. H. S. at Ex vet. cod. M S. penes S. Ar­cher mil. 39. a. xv li. At which time the Procurations and Synodals, payd out thereof, were ix. sol. vi. d.

Patroni Ecclesiae
Incumbentes, & tempora Instit.
Ioh. de Schireford, paronus hac vice.
Langt. fol. 79. b.
Ioh. de Kent accolitus x. Kl. Iunii an. 1321.
Thom. le Irreys, & Alicia de Schire­ford.
North. f. 18. b.
Ioh. de Brochurst Pbr. vii. Id. Iunii an. 1323.
Philippus Purefey.
Ib. [...]. 47. b.
Petrus de Bilney Cap. v. Kl. Maii an. 1349.
Pr. & Conv. de Ke­nilworth.
Ib. f. 50. a.
Eustach. de Burneby Cler. Kl. Aug. an. 1349.
Philippus Purefey.
Stret. f. 16. a.
Nich. de Dranfeld Pbr. Kl. Aug. an. 1367.
Pr. & Conv. de Ke­nill.
Ib. f. 22. a.
Rog. de Wavere Pbr. xiii. Kl. Sept. an. 1374.
VVill. Purfray ar.
Burgh. f. 13 b.
Ioh. Grantham Cap. iiii. Ian. an. 1403.
Pr. & Conv. de Ke­nill.
Heyw. f. 30. b.
Will. Treberveth, iiii. Maii an. 1433.
VVill. Purfray ar. dom. de Church-waver.
Ib. f. 31. a.
Symon Moss, x. Kl. Aug. an. 1433.
Pr. & Conv. de Kenill.
Ib. f. 33. b.
Ric. Aystowe, xx. Maii an. 1435.
Mag. Thom. Pure­fay ar. hac vice, ex concess. Nich. Purefay ar.
Str. & P. f. 2. b.
Hugo Purefay Scolaris, xv. Iunii an. 1533.
Edw. North gen. hac vice, Patr. ra­tione concess. Pr. & Conv. de Kenil.
Ib. f. 13. a.
D. Thom. de Warmyngton cler. 6. Aug. an. 1535.
D. Episcopus.
Samps. & B. f. 42. b.
Rog. Eliot art. Mag. xvi. Ian. an. 1566.
VVill. Dixwell ge­ner. & concessi­one Ioh. Purefey ar.
Bentham bundell. F.
Will. Bentley Cleric. xxix. Iunii an. 1566.
Thom. Leigh de Stonley miles.
Rob. Myddilmore Cler. vi. Aug. an. 1566.
VVill. Leigh miles.
Overton Bundell.
Rog. Vicars Cleric. v. Ian. an. 1596.

Coton juxta Church-over.

COton, [...]ntiently called Cotes, is in this Pa­rish (Cote and Cotan in the Saxon signifying a House of Habitation, as we know in our ordi­nary language,) but being a Member of Church-Over is not mentioned in the Conq. Survey. Nor afterwards, that I have seen, till Hugh Ba­got gave it, with Newton to Ingeram his Bro­ther (as in Newton I have observed;) which gift Roger Bagot, Son of the said Hugh, confirms, Reg. de Cumba [scil. vitel. a. 1.] f. 106 for Cotes onely: wherein is exprest, that William Trussell as chief Lord of the fee, ra­tified the same, being one of the Heirs of Rober­tus filius Odonis (as when I come to Loxley I, shall have occasion to shew;) and thereup­on Ib. b. received homage of the said Ingeram in the Hundred of Barlichway.

Here was Ib. f. 109. a. b. a family to whom this place an­tiently gave name, scil. de Cotes; who held that which they had of the abovementioned Bagots, and were Benefactors to Combe, as appears by some pett [...] grants of Land given to those Monks: one of which line had Buriall at Combe, as may seem by bequeathing his Body thither, with a Rent of iii. sol. per annum, to boot. But Simon Bagot, in H. 2. time, was he that gave Ib. f. 107. a. most Land here to that Monastery, besides the homage and service of Robert de Cotes and his Heirs for all that the said Robert held of him in Neuton; which William Trussell, before mentioned, confirmed. Ib. f. 109. a. So that what the Monkes of Combe had in Cotes, Regist. de Cumba (scil. Vite­lius D. 18.) f. 98. a. was T [...]sta de Nevill. half a Knights fee, which they Ib. held of William Trussell; and he of Raphe de Mora; and he of the Baron of Stafford in 36. H. 3. Wherein they Rot. de Quo War. Pa [...]. 20. E. 3. p. 3. m. 9. claimed a Court-Leet in 13. E. 1. with other Priviledges; calling it the Mannour of Cotes super le waus, (or super waldas, as it is recorded Praesen­tat. p [...]r Hund. 4. E. 1. 4. E. 1.) these Hilly parts being then, and after called Wouldes, as many other of that kind are to this day in other Counties; And in 18. of E. 1. they obteined a Charter Cart. 18. E. 1. n. 89. of Free-Warren to them and their successours, in all their demesn Lands here. The quantity Rot. per­gam. penès A. B. of their possessions in R. 2. time, being rated at ix. yard Land lxxxiiii. Acres and a half, accounting 48. Acres to a yard Land. But after the dissolu­tion of the Monasteries, this Mannour so belong­ing to the Monkes of Combe, then called Coton lay wood, was granted Pat. 5. E. 6. p. 7. out of the Crown (inter alia) to Edward Clinton in 5. E. 6. who as it seems, soon past his title therein unto Thomas Marrow; for in the same year I find, that the said Thomas had Licence Pat. 5. E. 6. p. alien it unto William Dixwell, Esquire, to whose descendants it still continues.


REturning now to the South side of Avon, I find, below Clifton, a little rivulet falling in­to that Channell. This rising about Creek in Northampton-shire comes through Hill-Morton; which Town takes its name from the situation; Hill antiently written Hull, conteyning that part standing on the Bank, and Moreton where the Church is, that below in a moorish flat ground.

In the Conq. time it was in the possession of the Earl of Mellent, who had a large share in this County, as by the particulars, when they come in my way, I shall shew. Howbeit I do not find that this Earl of Mellent continued long owner of all those Lands in this County, bestow­ed upon him by the Conq. but that his Brother Henry de Neuburgh (advanced to the Earldom of Warwick towards the later end of the Conq. time,) possest the greatest part of them; and, a­mongst the rest, had this Hill-Morton (then cal­led Mortone, as appeares in Doomesday-Book:) For in 11. H. 2. when William Earl of Warwick certifies what Knights Fees he held de veteri Fe­offamento; that is, whereof they that so held them were enfeoffed of in the time of H. 1. the Record Lib. rub. in Scac. f. 104. says, that Philippus de Estlega held 3. Knights [Page 13] Fees: And though the names of the places where they did lye, be not there exprest, 'tis very evident by the subsequent testimonies, which I shall pro­duce, that Hill Morton was one: for the Testa de Nevill. Recei­vers of the aid for the Marriage of the Kings Sister to the Rom. Emperour 20. H. 3. do certify; for Astley and Milverton one Fee and a half; We­tington one Fee; and Mortone super Dunsmore (which is this Hill-Morton) half a Knights Fee; all which were then held of the Earl of Warwick by Walter de Estleg. (Grand-child of the above mentioned Philip,) and do make up three in num­ber, being the proportion the said Philip enjoyed; which Fees in Testa de Nevill. 36. H. 3. were held by Thomas de Astley, Son of Walter, of those Earls. But Astley is the place where I purpose to speak Hi­storically of this antient family; and therefore here shall onely trace down the succession to this, which went out with a younger branch; For the above mentioned Thomas de Astley, marrying a second Wife (as the descent herewith drawn doth shew) had issue, by her severall Sons. To Tho­mas the eldest of them he gave Autogr. penès Fr. Astley Eq. aur. Hill-Morton and the advouson of the Church; entayling it upon any Brother or Sister of the whole Blood, in case Thomas should dye without issue; which grant bears date in May 47. H. 3. But this Thomas the donee about the Rot. de Quo War. beginning of E. 1. time dyed without issue, leaving his Brother Raphe his Heir; from whom in a direct line did descend Sir Francis Astley of Melton-Constable in Norff. Knight, Lord of this Mannour, lately deceased.

  • :..uxor prima - Thomas
    Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem F. Astley.
    de Este­leg miles 47. H. 3. -Editha
    Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem F. Astley.
    filia Petri Consta­ble de Melton in com. Norff..relicta 18. E. 1.
    • Andreas de Estleg.
    • 3
      Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem F. Astley.
      Steph. de Est-ley. 18. E. 1.
    • 12 Rad. de Astley hae­res fratris 13. E. 1.
      Rot. de Quo warr.
      28. E. 1.
      • Rot. de Nom. Vill. 9. E. 2.
        Thomas de Ast­ley 9. E. 2. -
        Ex Au­togr. penès eundem Fr. Astley.
        Margeria; relicta 26. E. 3.
        • Ex Au­togr. penès eundem Fr. Astley.
          Rad. de Astley miles 26. E. 3.
          • Northb. fol. 30. b.
            Thomas de Astley miles 7. R. 2. -
            Bullock f. [...]. b.
            Catherina relicta 14. R. 2.
    • 1
      Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem F. Astley.
      Thomas de Esteley 47. H. 3.
      Rot. Cart. 52. H. 3. m. 7.
      52. H. 3.
      Rot. de Quo warr.
      mortuus sine prole 13. E. 1.

Of Edith (Mother to Thomas,) to whom this Mannour was so given, I find, that she continu­ed many years a widow after her Husbands death. And in 18. of E. 1. granted Autogr. penès eun­dem F. Ast­ley. to her Son Stephen, all her Lands in Melton, Burgh b. Mariae, Lang­ham, Burmingham, Snitterley, Wineton, Glam­forde, Saxlingham, Scharnton, Est-Toding­ham, Hinmingland, Hindringham, Hyldolveston and Norwich in the County of Norff. which de­scended to her by inheritance after the death of Geffrey, the Son of Peter Constable of Melton, her Brother.

And if there be truth in tradition, (as there is likelyhood for antiquity,) that fair Monument of Free-stone, with the statue of a Woman, ex­cellently wrought, lying in the midst of the South Isle of Hill-Morton Church, was erected for this Edith, whereof the tabernacle, or cover over her head, is very like to that of Queen Elianor's (Wife to K. Edw. 1.) which is of brass in Westminster Abby.

This Thomas, to whom Hill-Morton was so given by his Father, obteined to himself and his Heirs in 49. H. 3. a Charter Ca [...]t. 49. H. 3. m. 7. for a weekly Mer­cate here upon the Saturday, and a Fair yearly, to begin on the even of St. Iohn Baptist, and to con­tinue for three dayes: which Grant being made at such time as the King was a Prisoner, the Barons excercising regall authority in his name, held not valid; and therefore in 52. of the same Kings reign, he procured a new Cart. 52 H. 3. m. 9. Charter, ratifying the Fair, but altering the Mercate to Wednesday. At which time he also had Free-warren granted Ibid. to him and his Heirs in all his demesn Lands here.

For this Thomas, who dyed before the 13. of E. 1. is there yet standing a very fair monument betwixt two Pillars in the Church of Hill-Mor­ton, opposite to that of his Mother Edith, where­on his statue of free-stone lyeth cross leg'd in Ar­mor of Male, as when I come to speak of the Church may be seen, whose Brother and Heir, viz. Raphe de Astley, in 13. E. 1. claymed Rot. de Quo war. a Court Leet, and other Priviledges in this Mannour by Prescription; and likewise exhibi­bited K. H. 3. Charter for the Mercate, Fair, and Free warren (last before mentioned) all which were allowed.

To whom succeeded Thomas, his Son and Heir, certified Nom. Vil. to be Lord of Hill-Moreton in 9. E. 2. who liking not the Wednesday Mercate there, procured a new Patent Pat. 8. E. 3. n. 24. in 8. E. 3, for to have it upon [...]he Tuesday; continuing the Fair as formerly, and renewing the Charter of Free war­ren: And in the same year obteyned Licence Esc. 8. F. 3. n. 76. Rot. fin. 8. E. 3. m. 7. in cedula. Pat. 8. E. 3. p. 1. m. [...]. for amortizing of certain Lands lying within this Lordship to maintain a Chantry-Priest to sing Mass for ever, in the Chappel of our Lady contiguous to the Parish Church of Hill-Morton, for the Souls of him the said Thomas and Marge­ry his wife; As also of Edith Astley, (before men­tioned) and of the Father and Mother of the said Thomas, their Heirs and Ancestours, and all Chri­stian Souls deceased.

This Thomas in 9. E. 3. had a speciall Patent, Pat. 9. E. 3. p. 2. m. 3. exempting him from Knighthood.

And in 17. E. 3. gave Pat. 17. E. 3. p. 2. m. 30. the perpetuall Patro­nage of the Church of Hill-Morton to the Dean and Canons of the Colledge of Astley (then newly founded by Thomas Lord Astley, the chief of that family) and dyed Northb. f. 122. a. before the 20. of E. 3.

But of his descendants, forasmuch as their re­sidence hath been in Norfolk I have here no more to say.

The Church Dedicoted to St. John Bapt.

IN An. 1291. 19. E. 1. the Rectory was va­lued Ex c [...] [...] M S. in Scac. at xviii. marks. And in 26. H. 8. The Vicaridge at Ex cod. M S. penès S. Archer eq. aur. f. 41. a. vi. l. x. sol. At which time the Pro­curations and Synodalls payd out thereof, were viii. sol. Out of which Rectory is there a Pension Staff. & Kempe f 338. b. of xiii. sol. iiii. d. yearly payable to the Bishop; originally reserued upon the appropriation there­of (as all others of that kind were) in recompence of the benefit, that he and his Successors might re­ceive [Page 14] out of the Church, in Regist. Vocat. the white Book pe­nès Decan. & Cap. Wigorn f. 177. b. case no such Appro­priation should have been made.

Patroni Ecclesiae
Incumbentes, & temp. Instit.
Thomas de Estleya miles.
Philippus de Estleya Cleric. frater ejusdem Thomae. Sans date.
Pr. & Conv. de Erdbury.
Ex ipso autog. pe­nès Dec. & Cap. Lich.
Thom. de Dunton diac. an. 1286.
Patroni Vicariae
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Northb. f. 4 [...] a.
Will. de Walton Pbr. 4. Non. Sept. An. 1343.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Ib. [...]ol. 52. b.
Galfr. de Lyllburne, xiii. Kl. Martii An. 1349.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Ib. f. 53. b.
Ioh. de Rokeby Pbr. iiii. Kl. Oct. An. 1350.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Stret. f. 11. b.
Ioh. Rolf. Pbr. vi. Id. Ian. an. 1362.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Sk. f. 2. a.
Will. Meeke Cap. viii. Kl. Dec. An. 1386.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Heyw. f. 22. a.
Ri [...]. Millford Pbr. xxvi. Aug. An. 1428.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Cato Halys Cap. 1. Oct. An. 1428.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Ib. fol. 32. a.
Will. Nicholl. Cap. vi. Oct. An. 1433.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Heyw. f. 41. a.
Ioh. Coton Pbr. ii. Dec. an. 1442.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Bo. f. 1. a.
Ioh. Kempe Pbr. iii. Iunii an. 1447.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Bowl. f. 140. a.
Edw. Bate Pbr. xi. Oct. An. 1493.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Bl. f. 7. b.
D. Thom. Morres, ult. Apr. An. 1521.
Decan. & Cap. de Astley.
Ib. f. 11. b.
D. Ioh. Grendon Cap. xvii. Apr. An. 1525.
Henricus Dux Suffolciae.
Samps. & B. f. 1. a.
Edw. Hopkynson Cler. xxiiii. Iunii An. 1553.
Edw. Comes Hert­fordiae.
Ib. f. 42. a.
Rob. Wigston Cleric. xii. Apr. An. 1565.
Eliz. Regina.
Overton bundell. C.
Thom. Hodgkinson Cleric. viii. Apr. An. 1602.

But there is something else, which I must not pass by, before I leave this place, and that is the foundation of two Chanteryes here. The one of them by Northb. f. 122. a. Sir Edmund Trussel Knight, in the Chappell of our Lady adjoyning to the Parish Church, for the soul of Thomas Astley deceased, and the good estate of Margerie late Wife of the said Thomas; of their Children that were then living, and for the souls of their Children decea­sed: as also for the Souls of Iohn Primrose, and of the Lady Edith Astley; and for the good e­state of Sir Raphe Astley Knight, and Dame Ag­nes his VVife; Sir Edmund Trussel Knight, and Dame Margerie his VVife; and of Thomas Mei­lour Priest, and for their souls after their decease. The Patronage of which Chantry, by the Bishops Instrument for Ordination thereof, was reserved after the death of the same Sir Edmund Trussell, to be in the Heirs of the said Thomas Astley and Margery. And for the maintenance of a Priest, perpetually to sing Mass there, for the purposes a­bove mentioned, the King gave Licence to the said Sir Edmund to amortize four messuages, fifty acres of land, seaven acres of meadow, and xxvi. sol. Rent in Hill-Morton, as it may seem by the Ju­rors certificate Esc. 16. E. 3. n. 17. returned upon the Writ of Ad quod dampnum thereupon.

This Sir Edmund Trussell bore for his Armes a crosse formè fleuritè debruised with a bendlet, as appears by the impression of his Seal,Penès Dec. & Cap. Lich. which I have seen affixed to his first Instrument of Presen­tation to the said Chantery; And I suppose that he marryed Margery, the VVidow of the said Thomas Astley, though it be not directly exprest in the Ordination before specified.

It is very like that this Chantry swallowed up that whereof I made mention in 8. E. 3. viz. which Thomas Astley had Licence to found: for upon the Survey taken an. 37. H. 8. there was no other but this in that Chappell of our Lady, the lands belonging whereunto were by the Com­missioners in 37. H. 8. certified Ex cod. M S. de certific. va­lor. omnium Cantar. Colleg. &c. in com. War. 37. H. 8. penès S. Archer eq. au. f. 9. b. to be of the the yearly value, over and above all reprises, of iiii. l. xviii. sol. x. d. For the other Chantry was in a Chappel of St. Iames in Hull super Duns­more (as the Record expresses;) which is that part of the town, situate upon the Hill Westwards from the Church; and founded by Pat. 18. E. 3. p. 2. m. 18. Mag. Tho­mas de Morton in 18. E. 3.

The certificate in 37. H. 8. expresly says he was a Priest, and the word Mag. imports as much; yet in the Licence given to him to amor­tize lands thereunto; viz. one messuage, one yard land, and four acres; as also four acres and one rode of meadow in Hill Morton aforesaid; it is for a Priest to sing Mass for the good estate of him the said Thomas and Alice his Wife, and Mar­gerie their Daughter during their lives; and for their souls when they should depart this world; As also for the souls of Adam de Morton his fa­ther, and their ancestours, &c. But it seems, he was a marryed man, and a professour in some o­ther science.

The value thereof in 37. H. 8. was certified to M S. pe­nès S. Ar­cher eq. au. f. 9. a. to be xlvi. s. viii. d.

In this Lordship of Hill Morton there were also eight messuages, and one yard land and a quarter given Pat. 3. E. 3. p. 1. m. 15. by one William Poyntell, to the Hospitall of St. Iohn Baptist in Luterworth for the finding of a Chantry Priest, there to sing Mass for the souls of him the said William and his VVife (3. E. 3.)

[Page 15]


In the middle Ile of this Church are two grave­stones of marble, each of them having small portraictures in brass of a man and a wo­man, with divers children: on one of them is this Inscription.

Here lyeth Thomas Perkins and Alice and Elizabeth,
Our Lord save their souls from everlasting death. Amen

On the other this

Here lyeth Richard Tant and Margaret his wife,
God bring their souls to everlasting life. Amen.


ON the South-VVest side of this little Rill, which comes from Hill Morton, lyes Rug­by, bounded with Avon towards the North; but in Doomesday-Book written Rocheberie; Beri [...] signifying with our ancestours a Court or habi­ [...]ation of note; And Roche a rock or quarry of stone; for such there is VVestwards from this town about half a mile; and 'tis very like that the ground, whereon the town stands, being high, is of the same condition, though that the quarry lye not very near the surface of the earth; so that then the nature of the soyl, may be the occasion of the name. Howbeit in all the elder times si­thence, it is written Rokeby with a K. instead of the Ch.

In the Conquerours time Turchil de Warwick, of whom I have already made mention, was ow­ner Domes­day lib. of it, one Eddulfus (for so he is called in the Conq. Survey) then holding it of him; it being then certified to contein two hydes and a half: the posterity of which Eddulfus continued possest thereof, holding Testa de Nevill. it by half a Knights Fee of the said Turchill's, Heirs, till it went away with a Daughter and Heir in Edw. the first his time, as the descent will shew.

  • [Page 16]Eddulfus, tempore Conquestoris.
    • Thurbertus filius Hadewolfi.
      • Henricus de Rokeby.
        • Henricus de Rokeby Annabilla.
          • Ranulphus de Rokeby
            • Annabilla filia & haeres, uxor. Joh. Goband militis.

But Thurbert, the son of this Eddulfus, is some­times Reg. de Cumba (scilicet Vitel. A. 1) f. 39. a. called Thurbertus filius Hadelwolfi de Bil­neja; for it seems he had also a Seat at Bilney, (now called Binley) and sometimes Ex au­togr. penès S. Archer mil. Thurbertus de Rochebe; and was a notable benefactor to the Monks of Combe, giving Regist. de Cumba, f. 39. a. a large precinct of his land in Bilney, adjoyning to Smite, (within which Smite the monastery was founded) the lands being exprest by boundaryes after the an­tient manner; which grant was ratified Reg. de Cumba [scil. Vitel. a. 1.] f. 40. b. by Henry son to the same Thurbert, who calls him­self Henricus de Rokeby filius Thurberti de Bil­ney; adding to his fathers gift the Mill of Bilney, and some other land: for the better assurance whereof, Henry de Arderne, grandson to Turchill, confirms Ib. f. 41. a. the grant, though that, with a great part also of his inheritance, was taken away by the Conquerour, or King H. 1. and given to the Earl of Warwick (as I think) before that time, which was in the reign of K. Steph. Roger Earl of Warwick being a witness Ib. thereunto: for Earl William (son of Roger) adds his Charter Ib. [...]. 39. a. of con­firmation to them all, which needed not, had he not been possest of Arden's lands.

Here was a little Castle at Rokeby, which stood about a furlong from the Church Northwards; as is to be seen by the banks of earth, and part of the moat, yet remaining. I am of opinion, that this was one of those Castles which were built in King Stephens time; for fearing the coming of the Empress (as saith mine Io. Ti­nemutensis hist. aurea Ms in bibl. Bodl. lib. 19. c. 42. Author) concessit ut qui­libet procorum suorum munitionem, seu castrum, in proprio fundo facere posset; Almost all which were demolished R. Ho­ved: f. 281. b. n. 20. by the command of K. H. 2. about the third year of his reign. And besides the pro­bability thereof, the Inhabitants have it by tra­dition, that it was Sir Henry Rokebye's castle.

This Car. 19. H. 3. m. 6. Henry de Rokeby was a benefactor to the Abby of Pipwell in Northampton-shire, as ap­pears by what he gave in Regist. de Pipwell, f. 39. a. Rokeby, where the Monks of Pipwell had a grange. He also gave Reg. Ab. de Leic. in bibl: Ca [...] ­ [...]on: [...]. 7. a. all the land which he had in Holme, to the Ca­nons of Leicester (whereof I have already spoke) for the advouson of the Chappel of Rokeby, which was a member of Clifton, and belonging to that Abby: touching which Chappel there was a Plac. de T. Mich. 2 Ioh [...] rot. 26. in dor­so. sute betwixt the said Henry, and the Abbot of Lei­cester in the 2. year of K. Iohn; and Reg. de Cumba, [...]. 41. b. bequeath­ing his body to be buried at Combe, therewith gave the yearly rent of half a mark of silver, issuing out of the Mill of Aston (juxta Bermingham) in this County; which Henry had issue Reg. de Cumba, f. 40. b. Henry, who consumed all the grants to that Abby made by his grandfather and father, adding Ib. f. 46. b. something from himself in Bilney. But it seems that the dif­ference concerning the advouson of the Chappel of Rokeby ended not till this time: For by a Oct. Mich. 5. H. 3. fine levyed 5. H. 3. betwixt Henry Rokeby and the Abbot of Leicester, it was concluded, that the said Henry and his heirs, should exhibit a fit Clerk to the same Abbot and his successours, whom they might present to the Bishop; which Clerk should pay to them yearly, the antient and due pension, that the Abby of Leicester had wont to receive out of the said Chappel of Rokeby in right of their Church of Clifton: And to perfect this a­greement, the said Henry gave to that Abby for ever, a yard land in Holme.

This Henry was a Knight; for so by his grant Ex au­tog. in bibl. Hatton. under seal he is stiled; whereby, with the con­sent of Ranulph his son and heir, he gave a yard land in Rokeby to the Prior and Monks of Kirby. And in the 39 of H. 3. obtained for himself and his heirs a Cart: 39 H. 3 m. 3. Charter for a weekly Mercate here every Saturday, and for a Fair yearly, beginning on the Even of St. Laurence, to endure for three daies; with Free warren in all his demesn lands in Warwickshire. For the advantage of which Mercate, the Abbot of Combe earnestly moved Regist. de Pipwell, f, 148. b. the Monks of Pipwell for permission, that they might purchase, or erect a house in Rokeby to re­ceive those Monks of theirs, as they should have occasion to imploy thither. Howbeit in 13 E. 1. Annabilla, the Widow of the said Henry, hold­ing this Mannour in dower, and claiming Rot: de Quo war [...] Free warren with a Mercate and Faire here; for which she exhibited the Charter of K. H. 3. extended her claim further than that Charter warranted, as it seems: for it was then found, that she challenged liberty to punish the breakers of the Assize of Bread and Ale, whereof being not seized, the Shiriff entred upon the Mar­ket, Fair and Free warren for the King. To which last mentioned Henry succeeded Ranulph his son and heir, who dyed P: T. Hill: 20 E. 1. ro [...]: 64. before 20 E. 1. for in the Ex au­togr: in bibl: Hat­ton. 24 of that Kings reign, Raph Basset, son and heir of Simon Basset of Sapcote, granted the custody of Annabil his daughter and heir, with her marriage, to Peter de Leicester Clerk. Which Regist. de Pipwell, f. 39. a. Annabil was the wife of Sir Iohn Goband Kt. Howbeit Annabil her mother being married Ex au­togr: penès Dec: & cap: Lich: to ......... Mundevill, held Rokeby in dower. 3 E. 2.

In 1 E. 3. the before specified Iohn Goband, and Annabil his wife, had a Court Esc: 1 E. 3. n. 28. Leet and other priviledges granted to them in this their Mannour of Rokeby, after which it continued not long in that family; for in 23 E. 3. Iohn the son and heir of Sir Iohn Goband Kt. past Ex au­togr: penès Edw: Peto de Chester­ton ar. an. 1651. the inheritance thereof, with the advouson of the Church, to Raph Lord Stafford, and Sir Iohn Oddingsells Kt. and their heirs. In which grant he makes mention, that the same was setled upon Iohn Brown and Annabil his wife, and upon him the said Iohn Go­band, and his heirs, by Iohn Charnells Parson of the Church of Swepston in Leicestershire. I sup­pose that this Annabil married to her second hus­band the before mentioned Iohn Brown: for Ex evi­dentiis in Scac: quondam Roberti Catesby attincti. in 20 E. 3. Iohn Brown is said to be Lord of Rugby, which doubtless was in her right. After which, in 24 E. 3. Sir Thomas Charnells Kt. releast Autog: in bibl. Hatton to the said Raph Lord Stafford all his interest in this Mannour. And in Autog: in bibl. Hatton 7 R. 2. Nicholas Goband, Re­ctor of the Church of Cley, Autog: in bibl. Hatton did the like to Hugh Earl Stafford, son of the said Raph; in considera­tion whereof he received xl. l. sterling. Which [Page 17] Nicholas Goband sealed with three Crosses cros­slets fitchè upon the fesse, to difference him from the principall branch of that family, who bore a plain fesse, and 3. besants in chief.

The Release of Sir Iohn Odingsells to the said Baron of Stafford I have not seen, Howbeit, there is no question, but that such a thing there was: for in the same 23. year of E. 3. the Lord Staf­ford, as Patron of the Church, exhibited his Clerk to the Abbot of Leicester; according to the Agree­ment before exprest.

This Mannour continued Esc. 38. H. 6. in the Family of Stafford till the death of Humfrey Duke of Buck­ingham in 38. H. 6. but how much longer I have not yet seen: for the next mention I find thereof is, that Ric. 3. an. 1. of his Reign granted Pat. 1. R. 3. p. 3. m. 4. it to Iohn Lord Dudley, and to the Heirs of his body, in which Patent it appears, that it came to his hands by the death of Margaret Countess of Richmund (who was mother to K. Henry 7.) and that he so gave it to the Lord Dudley for his faithfull ser­vice in favouring his (usurped) title to the Crown. It should seem that Thomas Lord Stanley (who was Husband to the Countess of Richmund) held it during his life: for I have seen a Grant Autog. in Scac. inter evident. Rob. Ca­tesby. by the said Lord Dudley dated 1 Aug. 2. R. 3. whereby he makes dilectum consanguineum (for so he calls him) his beloved Kinsman Will. Catesby Esq. Steward thereof, whensoever it should come into his hands, or the possession of his Heirs; and to receive for his yearly Fee ten marks sterling; In which grant it is exprest, that the said Lord Stan­ley, then had it for that term.

But I perceive it came again to the house of Stafford, though I have not yet seen how nor when; for immediatly upon the attainder of Ed­ward Duke of Buckingham, Henry 8. granted Pat 14. H. 8. p. 1. it to Sir Gilbert Talboys Kt. and Elizabeth his Wife, and the Heirs of their two bodies; expres­sing, that it was Edward late Duke of Bucking­ham's attainted. Which Sir Gilbert and Eliza­beth, had issue Elizabeth their Daughter Inscrip. [...]umuli a­pud War­wick. and Heir wedded to Ambrose Dudley (afterwards Earl of Warwick;) who in 2 Eliz. sold Pat. 2. Eliz. p. 11. it together with the advowson of the Church to Iohn Wyrley and Dorothe his wife. Which Dorothe dyed Esc. 28. Eliz. seized thereof ult. Martii 28. Eliz. Francis her Son and Heir being then 40. years of age.

In an. 1291. 19. E. 1. the Church (dedicated to St. Andrew) was valued M S in Scac. penès Remem. R. at seaven marks and a half. And in 26. H. 8. at M S pe­nès Archer eq. aur. 40. b. xvii. li. xix. s. ii. d. over and above xx. sol. yearly Pension issu­ing out of it to the Abb. of Leicester; and ix. sol. vi. d. for Procurations and Synodalls.

Patroni Ecclesiae
Incumbentes, & temp. Instit.
Abb. de Leic. ad nominationē Hen­rici de Rokeby mi­lit. secundùm te­norem cyrographi inter ipsos.
Ex ipso au­tog. penès Dec. & Cap. Leich.
Alex. de Rokeby Cleric... an. 1253. (37. H. 3.)
Annabilla domina de Rokeby.
Ex autog. Ib.
Rog. Capellanus, ... an. 1291. (19. E. 1.)
D. Rad. Basset ra­tione custodiae hae­redis de Rokeby.
Ex autog. Ib.
D. Petrus de Ley­cest.
Langt. f. 6. a.
Rob. de Halughton Pbr. iiii. Non. Iulii an. 1301.
Annabilla de Mū ­ [...]vile D. de Rokeby
Ib. [...]. 37. a.
Ric. de Toucestre accolitus, xii. Kl. Dec. an. 1313.
Ioh. Gobant.
Radulphus Gobant Cleric. 1313.
Autog. pe­nès D. [...]. & Cap. Leich.
Abb. & conv. Leic. ad nominationē Ioh. Goband. D. de Roke­by.
Ioh. Falconarius .... an. 1314.
Autog. Ib.
Abb. & C. de Leic. ad nominationem D. Ioh. Goband mil. D. de Rokeby.
Ric. de Walton Pbr. Non [...] Iunii an. 1332.
No [...]hb. f. 26. a.
Abb. & conv. Leic.
Will. de Lyons Pbr. vi. Id. Martii an. 1341.
Ib. f. 38. b.
Ioh. Goband.
Will. le Pyndere Capell,
Autog. pe­nès Dec. & Cap. Leich. 1349. 23. E. 3.
Abb. & C. de Leic. ad denominationem D. Baronis de Staf­ford.
Petrus de Bilney C [...]p. xii. Kl. Aug. an. 1349.
Northb. f. 49. a.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Will. Parker Pbr. iii. Kl. Sept an. 1361.
Stret. f. 9. a.
Abb. & C. de Leic. ad nominationem D. Rad. Comitis Staff.
Rog. Geffen Pbr. xiii. Kl. Ian. an. 1361.
Ib. f. 10. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Will. de Langton Cler. xi. Kl. Sept. an. 1375.
Ib. f. 22. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic. ad nominationē Co­mitis Staff.
Ioh. Baron Pbr. Id. Ian. an. 1376.
Ib. [...]. 23. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic. ad nominationē Co­mitis Staff.
Ric. de Hesell Pbr. iii. Apr. an. 1384.
Ib. f. 31. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Thom. Thurston Cap. xix. Apr. an. 1416.
Bull. f. 2. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Ioh. Stones Cap. iii. Aug. an. 1454.
Bowl. f. 20. b.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Will. Melder Cap. penult. Aug. a [...] 1507.
Bl. f. 5. a.
Abb. & C. de Leic.
Ioh. Swalle. xxi. Martii an. 1527.
Ib. f. 12. b.
Rog. Martin civis & Alderm. Lond. & alii ratione concess. Ambr. Dudley mil. & D. Eliz. Talboys uxoris ejus filiae & haeredis Gilb. Tal­boys milit.
Anth. Blake Cler. vii. Iu­nii an. 1558. (4. & 5. Ph. & M.)
Samps. & B. f. 11. a.
Ioh. Wyrley sen. ar. Ioh. Wyrley jun. ge­ner. & Percivallus Angrome yoman.
Edw. Bolton Cleric. ix. Dec. an. 1570.
[...] Bund [...]ll incert.
Ioh. Cotta medicinae D.
Ionathan Grover Cleric. xii. Martii an. 1622.
Morton Bundell. incert.
Geo. Wilcockson de Wolvey in com. War. cleric. & Henr. Clerk de Rugby gen. ex concess. Humf. Bur­neby de Rugby ar.
VVill. Wilcockson Cleric. xxviii. Maii an. 1627.


SOuthwards from Rugby stands Bilton, which was Domes­day lib. the freehold of one Uluuinus before the Norman invasion. And in the Conq. Survey Ibid. certified to contain five hydes; whereof all, ex­cept one virgate, were then possest by Roger de Montgomerie, Earl of Arundell and Shrews­bury (of which Earl I shall speak more largely when I come to Wolston) that virgate belong­ing to Turchill de VVarwick. In the certificate of what Earl Roger held, it is written Beltone; but in the other of Turchill's lands Bentone, mi­staking, as I suppose, the u. for an n. in regard it was there written Beutone, the l. being changed for the u. according to the ordinary pronuntiation of many words amongst the vulgar; as in Lalle­ford (the very next town) which is usually cal­led Lauford; and of latter times so written.

  • Hingant, sive Ingald.
    • Walterus fil. Ingaldi tempore regis Steph. - Maria
      • Beatrix sepulta in cimiterio de Pipwell.
  • Galfridus de Crafte.
    • Robertus de Crafte.
    • Rogerus de Crafte.
  • Rogerus de Crafte. - Beatrix sepulta in cimiterio de Pipwell.
    • Rogerus de Crafte 1 H. 3. 25. H. 3.
      • Rogerus de Crafte.
      • Will.
        Rot. fin. 34. H. 3. in. 2.
        de Char­nells 34. H. 3. - Beatrix
        Rot. fin. 34. H. 3. in. 2.
        relicta 34. H. 3.
        • Nich. de Char­nells.
          • Georgius de Char­nells. - Lucia relicta 13. E. 2.
            • Nich. de Char­nells.
              • Thomas de Char­nells.
                • Laurentius Trussell. - Matildis filia & haeres.
                  • Pl. apud Cest. 3. H. 4. m. 3. in dorso.
                    Gulielmus Trussell miles.
                    • Esc. 22. H 7. Sa­lop.
                      Tho. Trussel.
                      • Esc. 22. H 7. Sa­lop.
                        Will. Trussel miles.
                        • Esc. 22. H 7. Sa­lop.
                          Edwardus Trussel obiit x. Junii 14. H. 7.
                          • Esc. 22. H 7. Sa­lop.
                            Joh. Trussel obiit 20 Dec. 15. H. 7.
                          • Pat. 22. H. 7. p. 3.
                            Joh. Vere Comes Oxonii. - Eliz.
                            Esc. 22. H 7. Sa­lop.
                            soror & haeres, aetat 10. an. 22 H. 7.

In K. Steph. time Walterus Regist. de Pipwell. f. 54. a. fil. Hingan, or Ingaldi Cart. 19. H. 3. m. 6. per Inspex [...] being owner of this place, was a great benefactor to the monastery of Pipwell (in Nor­thampton-shire) for he gave Ib. them a large por­tion in Bilton; which in his graunt is set forth by boundaryes; viz. in breadth from the outmost limits of Dunchurch to the old Morewey (anti­ently leading from Hill-Morton towards War­wick) and in length from the end of that way to [...] little rill of water, called Reynesbroc, excep­ing onely the lands belonging to the Church of Bilton lying within that precinct: And because half the Lordship of Belton was the dowrie of Marie the wife of this Walter, she, for her confir­mation thereof, had a gold Ring and a palfrey gi­ven to her by the Abbot; which Walter left one onely daughter his Regist. de Pipw. f. 54. b. & 55. a. heir named, Beatrix, who brought this Lordship in marriage to Roger the son of Geffrey de Craft (owner of Crafte in Lei­cester-shire, whereof he took his name) and con­firmed Ib. the gift of his Father in Law, as he ac­knowledges he promised to do, the very day when he marryed the said Beatrix, standing before the dore of the monastery, in the presence of Geffrey his Father, Robert his Brother, and divers others: And afterwards, upon the buriall of the same Beatrix in the Church-yard at Pipwell, with Ro­ger his son and heir, gave also to those Monks for the health of her soul xi. selions of land, and a piece of meadow in Bilton: which Roger (the second) following the steps of his ancestours in bounty to that Abby, ratified Ib. f. 73. [...] all that his Grand­father, viz. Walterus fil. Hingan gave; and for the better assuring thereof levyed a fine Ib. f. 73. b. there­upon at Westm. on the Eve of St. Peter and Paul 7. R. 1. adding of his own gift common of pasture in Bilton for three hundred Ewes, twelve Kyne and a Bull, five Sows and a Boar with their Pigs, sixteen Oxen, and six young Beasts; and fewell in Bilton-moore, as much as should be ne­cessary for the expence of the Monks in their grange at Bilton: which grange hath been usu­ally called Ib. f. 39. b. Dunchurch grange, in regard that the lands belonging thereto, did lye in the fields of Dunchurch and Bilton; but it is Ib. scituate in part of Bilton.

This last Roger was in Armes against K. Iohn (towards the end of his reign) at that time, when M. Paris. p. 254.37. Robert Fitzwalter, (a great Baron,) was made Princeps militiae, id est, the Generall: for the bet­ter carrying on of which work, the people attribu­ted to him the title of Mareschallus excercitus Dei & Ecclesiae, but this enterprise not thriving, it was called a Rebellion, and those that had a hand therein were glad to seek for mercy; a­mongst which this Roger was one; who, by the favour of K. H. 3. (son of K. Iohn) upon retur­ning to his allegiance, had his lands that were sei­sed on for that insurrection, restoredPat. 1. H. 3. p. 1. m. 16. to him again; which Roger (for it might be he) was living in 20. and 25. H. 3. for I find him charged Testa de Ne­vill. in both those years for a Kts. see in Bilton. Howbeit, after that; viz. in Testa de Ne­vill. 36 H. 3. (upon collection of the Aide for the Kings transfretation into Gas­coigne) Roger de Crafte answered for a Kts. fee in this place: but I suppose that this was the third Roger; for 'tis not like that the other could then be alive.

It doth not appear to me, clearly, how Bilton went from this line of Crafte; but Charnels was the next that, I find, possest it, and if I may take my liberty to guesse, I shall suppose, that it was by a Daughter of Crafte.

About the beginning of Edw. 1. time, Nicho­las Charnels Kt. entayled Regist. Cart. S. Joh. Ihrlm. in bibl. Cot­ton. f. 137. b this and other Lord­ships in Leicester-shire on his son George and the heirs male of his body, and for default of such issue on Sir William Charnells Kt. brother of the said Sir Nicholas, with divers other remainders. In which family of Charnells it continued till the beginning of R. 2. time; and then by Maude, daughter and heir of Thomas Charnells, came to Trussell.

[Page 19]Of the before specified Nicholas, I find, that be­ing in that Rebellion with the Barons against K. H. 3. (so happily crusht in 49 of his reign) he was of the retinue Pat. 52. H. 3. m. 18. to Hamon Straunge (a great man towards the coast of Wales, and one of the most active Matth. Westm. in an. 1264, & 1265. of those Barons) but afterwards, through the Kings mercy, received his pardon Pat. 52. H. 3. m. 18. for that offence: And, in the beginning of E. 1. time, had the trust (amongst other men of note in this Coun­ty) to be constituted one of the Justices of Goal-delivery; for so I find him recorded in an. 2. Pat. 2. E. 2. in dorso. 3.Pat. 3. E. 2. m. 28.. 6. Pat. 6. E. 2. m. 13. [...] & 8.Pat. 8. E. 2. in dorso.. E. 1. Which Nicholas left issue George, who, amongst divers other men of valour in that time, had summons Claus. 29 E. 1. in dorso, m. 13 to be at Barwick upon Twede upon the feast day of the Nativity of St. Iohn Baptist, 29 E. 1. sufficiently furnisht with Horse and Arms to attend the King in his ex­pedition against the Scots. Which George, by a fine levyed Octab: Trin: 2 E. 2. entailed this Man­nour, with the advouson of the Church, upon (his son) Nicholas Charnels and Ioan his wife, and the heirs of the same Nicholas by her the said Ioan; reserving unto himself first an estate for life therein: and was one of the Knights for this Shire in the Parliament of 6. E. 2. but after that time he lived not long: for in 13. E. 2. Lucia his widow held Ex au­tog: penès, D [...]: & Cap. Lichf. this Lordship in dower. To whom succeeded Nicholas his son, of whom I find, that in 18 E. 2. he was joyned Pat. 18. E. 2. p. 2. m. 38. with Roger la Zouch for the choosing of xxx Hobelers and lx Archers, in the Counties of Warr. and Le [...]c. for an expedition into Gascoine. In 13 E. 3. one Claus: 13 E. 3. p. 1. in dorso, m. 43. of the Knights for this Shire in the Parliament then held at West­minster. In Rot. Fr. 20 E. 3. in dorso, m. 14 20 E. 3. of the retinue to Thomas Hatfield then Bp. of Duresme in the French ex­pedition (which B. was the Godwin de praesul. p. 132, 133 Founder of Du­resme-Colledge in Oxford, and Duresme-House in London.) In 30 E. 3. Pat. 30. E. 3. parte 3. in dorso, m. 17. assigned one of the Ju­stices in this County for putting the statute of La­bourers in execution; And that he had issue Tho­mas, and he Claus: 1. R. 2. m. 19. Maud a daughter and heir, wedded to Laurence Trussell of Cublesdon in Stafford­shire, by which means this Lordship, with divers Mannours also in Leicestershire, divolved to that family: but was not enjoyed without great suits: for Ib. Iohn Charnells of Be [...]worth, in this County, (combining with one Iohn Marshall Parson of the Church of Swepston in Leicestershire, who had been a feoffee in trust for those lands) intruded himself into the possession of a large part thereof, obtaining a Charter Cart. 38. E. 3. n. 20. of Free-warren in this Mannour of Bilton to himself and his heirs: And, for the better effecting of his purpose, deduced his pretended title from the King; alledging, that Edw. Prince of Wales (Father to the King) dyed seized of it, having been enfeoffed thereof by the said Iohn Charnells: And, the better to carry on his design, caused an Inquisition Claus: 1. R. 2. m. 19. to be taken af­ter the death of the said Prince, whereby it was found accordingly: so that after much suit, in the latter end of E. 3. time, exhibiting a Petition in Parliament, 1 R. 2. the K. directed his Precept to the Judges of the Common Pleas to do her right therein; whereupon (it seems) she recover­ed it: for in Fin. le­vat. Oct. Trin. 9. R. [...]. 9 R. 2. she, with Laurence Trussell her husband, demised it to Sir Raph Ferrers Kt. to hold during his life, paying a Rose onely at the Feast of the Nativity of St. Iohn Baptist yearly.

After which it continued in the line of Trussel, till the beginning of H. 8. time: (for though I finde in the Institutions of 10. and 14. H. 4. that Sir Robert Lytton Kt. as Lord of the Mannour, pre­sented to the Rectory, I conceive it to be an estate to him in trust onely; because, neither before nor after that time, is there any mention of him other­wise) and then by Eliz. daughter of Edward, but sister and heir to her brother Iohn, it came to the Earls of Oxford: for in 22 H. 7. the K. Pat. 22. H. 7. p. 3. m [...] [...] granted to Iohn E. of Oxford, and to Iohn Vere Nephew of the same Earl, the wardship and marriage of the said Eliz: to the intent (as the Record saith) that she should be married to the said Iohn Vere, who was then servant to the King, and next heir male to the abovesaid Earl.

Of which Trussells, whose seat was at Ayl­mesthorpe in Leicestershire (which they also had by Charnells heir) I have onely added the descent, that the succession of this Lordship may be the better illustrated; for in Warwickshire they had no imployment of note. But by Edward Earl of Oxford, towards the latter end of Qu. Eliz. reign, was it sold unto Iohn Shugborough Esq then one of the six Clerks in Chancery; which Iohn dyed Esc. 42, Eliz. seized thereof in 42 Eliz. leaving Henry his son and heir, of whom Edward Bough­ton of Lawford Esq (having those lands in Bil­ton sometime belonging to Pipwell-Abby, which after the dissolution were obtained by his Grand­father) purchased it about the beginning of King Iames his reign; and procured afterwards a Pat. 18. Iac. Charter of Free-warren to him and his heirs therein; which Edward disposed thereof to Tho­mas Boughton his second son, who now, scil. anno 1640. maketh his residence here.

The Church (dedicated to St. Mark) was in a. 1291. 19 E. 1. valued Cod. MS in Scac. at ix marks; but in Cod. MS penès S. Archer, mil. f. 40. b. 26 H. 8. at xvi l. xs. vi d. the Procurations and Synodals then Ib. being ix s. vi d.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
Incumbentes & temp. Instit.
Thomas de Leycestria rector eccl. de Beaulton. a. 1308. 7 E. 2.
Regist. de Pipwell, f. 8. b.
Nich. de Charnels.
Ioh. de Charnells,
Northb. f. 4. a.
filius D. Georgii de Charnells, 8. Kl. Iulii, a. 1322. (16. E. 2.)
D. Lucia quondam uxor D. Georgii de Charnells.
Ric. des Aspes,
Ib. f. 17. a.
xii. Kal. Iu­lii, a. 1322. (16. E. 2.)
Nich. de Charnels miles.
Gilb. de Sutton accolitus. iii. Non. Sept. a. 1349. (23. E. 3.)
Ib. f. 50. a.
Laur. Trussell ar. D. de Beaulton & Matildis ux. e­jus, patroni.
Ric. de Wodeman Pbr. xv. Mar­tii, a. 1390. (14. R. 2.)
Sk. f. 6. a.
D. Rob. Lytton miles D. de Beul­ton.
Ioh. Wyllye Cap. xx. Sept. an. 1409. (10. H. 4.)
Burgh. f. 23. b.
Rob. Lynton miles. D. de Bylton.
Ioh. Redyman Cap... Mar­tii,
Ib. f. 34. b.
a. 1413. (14. H. 4.)
D. Will. Trussell miles.
Thom. Rygby Diac. 14. Aug. a. 1429. (7. H. 6)
Heyw. f. 23. a.
D. Will. Trussell miles.
Ioh. Woburn Pbr. xxvi. Apr. a. 1444. (22. H. 6.)
Ib. f. 42. b.
D. Will. Trussell miles.
Ioh. Worsley Pbr. xix. Martii,
Ib. f. 44. a.
a. 1445. (24. H. 6.)
Ioh. Veer Co. Oxon. ratione marita­gii Eliz. filiae & heredis Ed­wardi Trussell.
Magr. Will. Base,
Bl. f. 13. b.
xxix. Iulii, a. 1527. (19. H. 8.)
Alicia Worcester
Rob. Dypsi [...] [...]l [...]r. 16. Ian. an.
Samps. [...]
[Page] de Bylton vidua ratione dimiss. Ioh. Co. Oxon.
B. f. 11. b.
1558. (1 Eliz.)
Alicia Worcester vidua ratione ut supra.
Ib. f. 12. b.
D. Thomas Shapman cler. 6. Apr. an. 1559. 1. Eliz.
Will. Randall fir­marius manerii de Bylton.
Ib. f. 44. a.
Edmundus Enos, x. Dec. an. 1570.
Will. Replingham de Harborow­magna genero­sus, ratione di­miss. Co. Oxon.
Morton. bundell. incert.
Ioh. Enewes in art. baccal. 18. Maii, an. 1621.


WEstward from Bilton, and near the bank of Avon, stands Church-Lawford, (within which Parish is likewise the Village of Long-Lawford, lying somewhat higher upon the same River.) In the Conq. time it was rated Dooms­day lib. for 5 hydes, and then held by one Rainaldus of Ro­ger Earl of Arundell and Shrewsbury, but writ­ten Leileford. The lands of which Roger, in these parts, came afterwards to the family of D' Albany. But in H. 2. time, Roger Hayrun was Lord Reg. de Cumba, f. 59. b. & 65. a. of this place, in whose male line it continued till E. 2. time, held Testa de Nevill. of the heirs of the said Earl of Arundell: So that, 'tis without doubt, that this Roger Hayrun, or his Father, was first enfe [...]ffed thereof by one of those Earls. And it may be that William Hayrun, who lived in the beginning of K. Steph. time, was Rot. Pip. 5 Steph. Father of the same Roger.

Of this family there were there 3 Rogers suc­cessively, all Benefactors Reg. de Cumba, f. 59. a. to the Monastery of Combe; whose grants Iohn Fitz-Alan, chief Lord of the Fee (by descent from D' Albany) confirmed Ib. 61. a.. The last whereof gave Reg. de Pipw. f. 11. a. & f. 39. a. a piece of wast ground called Bromehill, lying also within this Lordship, to the Abby of Pipwell, with a younger son, who was admitted Monk of that house, upon which those Monks built Ib. a sheep-cote, and planted trees, it being thenceforth called Marham. As also Ib. 39. a. his water-mill here, with the suit of the town, and their heirs, thereto, together with the seat of a wind-mill: and Reg. de Cumba, f. 59. b. bequeathed his body to be buryed in the Abby of Combe, thereupon giving to the Monks in pure and per­petual alms, certain lands of good value. After which, Agnes his widow, desiring also sepulture there, gave Ib. f. 61. a. all her goods, movable and unmova­ble, with her body, to that Religious House. But in 36 H. 3. Will. de Waver is stiled F [...]n. le­vat. 36 H. 3. Dominus de Lalleford (in right of Iuliana his wife, question­less; for she is called Reg. de Cumba. haeres Rogeri Hayrun) so also Autogr. in bibl. Hatton. in 3 E. 1. but how this comes to pass, Roger Hayrun having two sons, viz. William and Iohn (as the descent, and what I shall say besides, doth shew) I cannot well imagine: both which were Lords of this place successively, but dyed without issue (William being living Autogr. penès Will. Vicecom. Stafford. in 56 H. 3. and Iohn in Nom. vil­larum. 9. E. 2.) leaving two sisters: but Reg. de Pipwell, f. 11. a. because the inheritance should not be divided, and so diminished, Iohn gave Ib. the same to Robert, son to his sister Margerie. Which Robert was son of William de Newnham (by the said Margerie) upon whom the said Iohn, designing him to be his heir, did, by a fine levyed crast. Ioh. Bapt. 1. E. 2. settle this Mannour, entailing it upon him the said Robert and Eliz. his wife, daughter to one Thomas Boydin of Stretton, and to the heirs of the same Robert begotten on the said Elizabeth; and for default of such issue, to Nicholas brother to the said Robert, with divers other remainders: so that Robert coming thus to the estate, was there­upon called Robertus de Lalleford: howbeit when Iohn dyed, I (certainly) find not.

It seems that this Robert de Lalleford became a man of note in his time; for in 14 E. 3. he was one of the Claus. 14. E. 3. p. 1. in dorso. m. 26. Knights for this Shire in the Parlia­ment then held: but dyed before the 20 E. 3. for in Autog. penès W. V [...]c. Staff. that year Iohn his son and heir released to Iohn Whitwell all his right in this Mannour during VVhitwell's life. Which Iohn dyed without issue, so that Autog. penès W. V [...]c. Staff. VVilliam his brother became thereupon heir; who in 35 E. 3. granted Autog. penès W. V [...]c. Staff. it to VValter VVhythors and Isabell his wife, and to the heirs of VVal [...]er.

  • Will. Hayrun. 5 Steph.
    • Rogerus Hayrun. temp. H. 2.
      • Rog. Hayrun. 1 Joh.
        • Rogerus Hayrun. 36 H. 3.
          • ... mo­nachus apud Pipwell.
          • ...filia.
          • Margeria uxor W. de Neunham.
            • Robertus dictus de Lalleford. 14 E. 2. 35 E. 3.
              • Joh. fil. & haeres, obiit sine prole.
              • Will. obiit sine prole.
          • Will. Hayrun, fil. & haeres 56 H. 3. obiit sine prole.
          • Joh. Hayr. 9. E. 2. obiit sine prole.

From whom descended Sir Raphe VVhythors Kt. who granted Ib. it to certain feoffees and their heirs; which feoffees passed their title therein to Henry Earl of Derby, Guy de M [...]ne Keeper of the Kings Privy Seal, Sir Henry Green Knight, Sir Iohn Bagot Kt, and others (all great men in those daies) and their heirs; their grant Ib. bearing date at Bathkynton, in this County, the monday af­ter the feast day of St. Dunstan. 19 R. 2.

What chopping there was with it for the space of xxvi years ensuing, appears not to me: but in 2 H. 6. I find, that Nicholas Parker of Thorn­bury (in Gloucestershire) a servant to Humfry Earl Stafford, passed it to the said Earl and his heirs: whence I ghess, that all these feoffments last mentioned were but in trust, in those turbulent times, for this family of Stafford: In which line it continued till the attainder of Edward Duke of Buck. (13 H. 8.) and by that means coming to the Crown, the K. by his Letters Patents, bearing date 29 Martii the same year, granted Pat. 13. H. 8. par­te 3 a. it to [Page 21] Thomas Marquess Dorset for life; and afterwards, by the like Letters Patents, bearing date 27. Iu­nii 15. of his reign to Pat. 15. H. 8. p. 1. the said Thomas and to the heirs male of his body.

But I suppose that it came to the Crown, 1. Ma­riae, by the attainder of Henry D. of Suffolk, Son to the same Thomas.

For in the next year the Qu. granted Licence Pat. 1.2 [...] Pb. & M. p. 7. to ... Baylye for aliening thereof unto Thomas Leigh Alderman of London, and his Heirs. (Of whom I shall speak more when I come to Ston­ley) After which, it was in xi. Eliz. setled Lib. 3. cedularum. by him on Alice his wife during her life, the remain­der to VVilliam Leigh his younger son, and the heirs male of his body; whose grand-child Fran­cis Lord Dunsmore, of whom I shall make fur­ther mention in Neunham-R [...]gis, doth now (scil. an. 1640.) enjoy it.

In an. 1291. 19. E. 1. the Church (dedicated to St.....) was valued Cod. M S. in Scac. at x. marks; and in 26. H. 8. at Cod M S. penes S.A. eq. aur. f. 41. a. xili.xv. sol. iiii. d. the procurations and Synodalls then issuing out of it being viii. sol.

The Patronage of this Church was antiently in the Abbot and Covent of St. Peters super Dinam in France, in respect of the Priory of Wolfrich­ston (now Wolston) in this County, (a Cell thereto belonging:) but afterwards in the Prior and Covent of Carthusians near Coventre, as by the Institutions may be seen; and as I shall have occasion, when I come to Wolston, more par­ticularly to manifest: yet never appropriated to either of those religious houses.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
Incumbentes & temp. Instit.
Procurator Abb. & Conv. S. Pe­tri super Dinam
Langt. f. 6. a [...]
D. Ioh. de Berevill Pbr. in Festo S. Barnab. Apostoli an. 1300.
Idem procurator.
Thom. le Breton Cleric. ix. Kl. Ian. an. praed.
D. Rex. ratione temporal. Abb. S. Petr. super Dinam in manu sua existenti­um.
Nort [...]b. f. 20. a.
Petru [...] de Medburne accolitus, vi. Id. Dec. an. 1325.
Procurator Abb. & Conv. S. Pe­tri super Dinam
Ib. f. 21. a.
Rob. le Venour Capell, vi. Kl. Ian. an. 1326.
Procurator Abb. & Conv. S. Pe­tri super Dinam
Ib. f. 23. b.
Rog. de Boyvile Cap. iii. Non. Aug. an. 1330.
Edw. R. Angl. ratione tempo­ral. Priorat. de Wolfrichston in manu sua exi­sten.
Ib. sol. 32. a.
Ioh. de Weston accol. pridie Non. Dec. an. 1337.
D. Rex hac vice.
S [...]et. f. 22. b.
Ioh. Grene Pbr. xv. Kl. Dec. an. 1357.
D. Rex (&c.)
Ib. f. 31. a.
Will. de Swafeld Cler. iiii. Febr. an. 1383.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae ordinis Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Burgh. f. 20. a.
Will. Penreth Cler. xxi. Apr. an. 1408.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae ordinis Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ib. f. 21. a.
Will. Penreth accol. vii. Oct. an. 1408.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae ordinis Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Bull. f. 5. a.
Gregorius Neuport decret. bacc. 7. Sept. an. 1416.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae ordinis Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Heyw. f. 6. b.
Rob. Helpe Pbr. xvi. Oct. an. 1421.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae ordinis Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ib. f. 17. b.
Nich Bolton, xxi. Martii an. 1425.
Id. Pr. & C.
Ioh. Norton in decretis bacc. x. Febr. an. 1452.
[...]owl. [...]. 3. [...]
Id. Pr. & C.
D. Thomas Walker,
Bl. f. 5. a.
ix. Apr. an. 1508.
Id. Pr. & C.
Mag. Rog Carleton, .... an. 1534.
Cod. M S. penès S. Archer ca. au [...]. f. 41. a.
Ioh. Bradburne hac vice rati­one concess. Pr. & Conv. Car­thus. juxta Co­ventre.
Mag. Rob. Baytt in sacra theol. bacc. iii. Ian. an. 1546
Samps. f. 42. a.
Tho. Leigh miles, Maior moder­nus Civitatis London.
Humfr. Bate in art. baccal. vi. Febr. an. 1559.
Samps. & B. f. 12. b.
Tho. Leigh miles.
VVill. Bolton Cler. x. Aug. an. 1567.
Ib. f. 42. b.
Chr. Hoddesden Gener. hac vice patronus, ex concessione Will. Leigh militis.
Ioh. Sclater in art. Mag. xviii. Maii an. 1612.
Neale. Bundell. A.


THis place (as I have said) is in the Parish of Church-Lawford.

In the Conq. time Geffrey VVirce (of whom I am to speak in Monkskirby) possest it; and, in the xii. year of that Kings reign gave Autogr. in bibl. Co­ton. to the Mo­nastery of St. Nicholas at Anglers in France, a­mongst other things, two parts of the T [...]thes of Corn and Cattel, and the whole Tyth of the Wool and Cheese, arising within the Precincts thereof, which were received by the Prior and Covent of Monkskirby before mentioned. In that Grant it is written Lellevort, but in the Conq. Survey, where the same Geffrey is certified to hold five hydes here, Lelleford; The addition of the first Syllable Longe, being of later times used to di­stinguish it from the other, which we now call Church Lawford; and doubtless, was put there­to in respect that it lyes not so round together as many other towns do.

That Nigellus de Albany, Progenitor to the family of Moubray, became possest of all VVirce his lands is apparent: (whereof I shall speak more largely, when I come to Monkskirby) which Nigellus, or Roger his Son (who assumed the name of Moubray) enfeoft Robert de Stutville thereof: for I find that the said Robert, about the beginning of H. 2. time, passed Autogr. in officio Arm [...]rum [...] it to Iohn de Stuteville his younger brother; who, for the health of his own soul, and of the souls of his father and mother, Robert his brother, both their childrens souls; as also the souls of K. Henry 2. and [Page 22] his Queen, bestowed Reg. de Pipw. f. 119. a. it on the Monks of Pipwell.

Within the Precinct of this Lordship was Ib. 37. a. a certain Spynney called Black-thyrne, whereupon those Monks built a Corn-Mill, and a Fulling-Mill; which graunts were Ib. f. 119. b. in the beginning of H. 2. time: for by the said Iohn de Stutevile's con­firmation, he ratified it unto the Monks, by the name of Thyrne-Mill, with the Floodgates and Damme to the same height and breadth, as it was that year in which the said K. Henry returned from Tholose, viz. the vi. year of his reign. All which were confirmed by William Ib. 121. a. the son of the said Robert de Stotevile, Ib. f. 120. a. Iohn and Ib. f. 121. a. Ro­ger sons of the said Iohn, and by Ib. f. 123. a. Roger de Mou­bray, chief Lord of the Fee; as also by Ib. f. 133. b. Roger Pantolfe nephew and heir to Roger de Stutevile; betwixt which Roger and the Monkes of Pip­well there were two agreements concerning Com­mon in the Moor of Long-Lawford, digging of Turf for fewell, and likewise about fishing in the River of Avon; one of these bearing date in Ib. f. 134. b. xi. Ioh. and the Ib. f. 134. b. other 3. H. 3. as are to be seen at large in the Leiger-Book of that Monastery.

In Cart. 11. E. 1. an. 33. 11. E. 1. the Monks of Pipwell had Free warren (inter alia) granted to them in this Lalleford. But there is little else of moment that I have met with concerning this place, till after the dissolution of the Monasteries; howbeit then, viz. inP [...]t. 33. H. 8. parte 6. 33 H. 8. did the K. Grant, (amongst o­ther things) to Edward Boughton Esq. and his heirs, the graunge of Long-Lawford, Thyrn-Mill, and divers other lands there, which were belonging to Pipwell-Abby. And in Pat. 7. E. 6. parte 10 7 E. 6. the Mannour unto one Iohn Green of the City of Westminster, and Raphe Hall of London Scrive­ner, and their heirs: which Iohn in 1 Mariae past Pat. 1 M. parte 14. away his right therein unto Elizabeth Boughton. But I suppose that Hall's part came shortly af­ter to one Thomas VVightman: for in 4 Eliz. the said Thomas granted Pat. 4. Eliz. p. 9. it, by the name of the Man­our of Lawford, which belong'd to the Monks of Pipwell, unto Sir Thomas Leigh Kt. and Dame Alice his wife: which Sir Thomas dyed Lib. 3. ce­dular. seized thereof; and at this day Francis Lord Dunsmore, his great grand-child, (by Sir VVilliam Leigh a younger son) enjoys it, viz. an. 1640.

I have now done with Long Lawford.

There is in this Parish of Church-Lawford a place called the Stude, situate upon Dunsmore­heath, where was antiently a Chappell: which, with divers Churches and other things, became appro­priate Rot. Rog. Meyland quondam Episc. Cov. & Lich. m. 4. to the Priory of Coventre in the year of our Lord 1260. (44 H. 3.) and as appears by the Grant Pat. de an. 1. & 2. Ph. & M. p. 1. of K. Philip and Mary an. 1. & 2. of their reign, was an inclosed grove; but stands from the town about a mile South-west.


FOllowing the stream of Avon, the next place I come to is Wolston, which is a large Parish, and conteins sundry villages and hamlets: viz. Merston, Stretton upon Dunsmore, and Prins­thorpe, on the same side the River; with Brandon and Bretford on the other.

In the Conq. days Earl Roger held it by Rai­naldus his under-tenant; it being then certified Domes­day lib. to contein five hydes and one virgate of land: but in the generall Survey written is Uluricetone in one place, and Uluestone in another, all un­der the title of Terra Rogerii Comitis (at which time there was a Church) and had its appellation originally from some antient possessor thereof in the Saxons time, Wulfricus being a name usuall in those days; from whence it hath antiently been written Wulfricheston and Wolfrichston, though by contraction it be now called Wolston.

This Rogerius Comes, before mentioned, is he who was surnamed de Montegomerico by our old Historians, being oneGesta. Will. ducis Norm. p. 197. A. of the chief Councellours to VVilliam Duke of Normandy for his expediti­on into England; and, to second his advice, ad­ventured W. Gemet. p. 311. C. himself in the Battail against K. Ha­rold, in which the Duke was victor; whereupon, as a reward for his fidelity and service, he Ord. Vi­tal. eccl. hist. p. 522, B. had, first the City of Chichester and Castle of Arun­dell; and afterwards the Earldome of Shrewsbury bestowed upon him by the Conq. And, by him, or one of his sons, do I conclude, that Alanus filius Fladaldi, (progenitor to that great family of Fitz Alan) became enf [...]oft of this Lordship: for; that he had to do here, I have seen good au­thority, Regist. de Burton fol. 18. a. besides the testimony that his descendants, Earls of Arundell, were Testa de Nevill. superior Lords of the fee.

From which Alan it divolved to Roger de Fred­vill in mariage with Sibilla his wife, whose daugh­ter, 'tis like she was. For I find, that the same Roger and Sibill Regist. Abb. de Burton f. 18. a. gave lands out of it to the Monks of Burton (super Trent) in an. 1132. (viz. 33. H. 1.) quas priùs obtulerat domina A­deliza mater Sibillae tempore Nigelli Abbatis, as the Leiger book of that house expresses; but who this domina Adeliza, her mother, was, I cannot yet discover.

Here was in Wolston a religious House, subor­dinate to the Abby of St. Peter super Dinam (in the Dioces of Sais in France) of which I shall say more anon: resolving now to take notice of the posterity of the said Roger de Frevill and Sibilla, with whom the inheritance of Wolston went, and what I find memorable of them: for the clearer un­derstanding whereof, I have inserted this descent.

  • Domina Adeliza
    • Rogerus de Frevilla. 33. H. 1. - Sibilla 33. H. 1.
      • Hamo Ex­traneus 1. maritus- Agatha superstes 21. H. 3.
        • Rad. Ex­traneus - Agatha le Strange
          • Ric.
        • G. de Tur­vill archi­diac. Du­blin 21. H. 3.
      • Gaufrid. de Thor­ville. 2. maritus.
        • Hamun­dus de Thurvile 24. H. 3.
          • R. Tur­vile miles [...]9. E. 1. & 2. E. 2.
            • Iohan. Turvile 15. E. 2.28. E. 3
              • Tho. Thur. vile 19. E. 3. fil. & haeres
              • Wil.
              • Rob.
              • Galfr.
            • Rob. le Turvile 9. E. 2.18 E. 2.
      • Robert. de Chet­wode. - Sibilla.
        • Wil. de Chet­wode.
          • Agneta. - W. le Bret. de longa Ichindon 21. E. 1. & 3. E. 2.
            • Guil. le Bre­tun. 12. E. 2.20. E 3. - Avicia
              • W. Bretun. miles 45. E. 3.1. R. 2
                • Guido Bretun [...]. H. 4.
        • Rad. de Chet­wode.
      • Ric. de Frevil.

[Page 23]This Roger was a benefactor to the Cannons of Kenillworth, by the consent of Sibill his wife, giving Regist. de Kenillw. p. 56. & p. 70. them one hyde and one virgate of land here. And had issue Richard, Agatha, and Si­bill: which Richard became a benefactor to the monasteries of Pat. 8. H. 6. p. 1. m. 15. per Inspex. Alcester and Combe in this County; To the first whereof he granted the Church of Pebworth in Gloucester-shire, and to the other; his Mill Regist. de Cum­ba f. 53. b. at Merston in this Parish: but had no children,Regist. de Cum­ba f. 53. b. it seems, for his Sisters be­came his heirs: whereof Agatha marryed to Gef­frey Thorvile, and Sibill to Robert Chetwode; who both, with their husbands, did confirm the gift of Merston-Mill made to the Monks of Combe by their Brother Richard. But, forasmuch as the descent from the said Agatha is not so cleared by authority of Record or other evidence, as I could wish; I must, by that light, which I have, point out what I conceive hath most affinity with Truth, which in this and the like uncertainties, is exprest by prickt lines, as in the example may be discer­ned.

This Geffrey Turvill (for it may very well be he) gave Regist. [...]bb. de Le­ic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 131. the Chappel of Stockingforth, with certain lands there, to the Abby of Leicester. But the first husband to the said Agatha was Ha­mon Strange: which Hamon, by his wifes consent, confirmed Regist. de Kenill. p. 56. to the monastery of Kenillworth five virgates of land in Wulfricheston, that Roger Frevill and Sibill his wife had formerly given thereto; and had issue a daughter named Agatha, who gave Regist. de Cumba f. [...]2. a. to the Abby of Combe for the health of her soul, and the soul of Richard her son, and the rest of her children certein errable land lying in Wulricheston fields. In which grant she is called Agatha le Straunge filia Hamonis le Straunge; but what her husband was I find not.

In Claus. 24. H. 3. m. 10. 24 H. 3. amongst the Kts. fees which were assigned to Hawys the widow of Iohn Fitz-Alan, in this County, there is mention of one, held of the said Iohn, by Hamon Turvill, and another by the heirs of Raphe Straunge. Which Hamon (as I guesse) was the son of Geffrey Turvile and A­gatha; and gave Regist. de Cumba f. 54. a. lands in Merston within this Parish, to the Monks of Combe.

This Agatha de Turvill lived to a great age; for I find, that by the procurement of Geffrey Tur­vill, her son; who was Arch-Deacon of Dublin and the Kings Treasurer there, she had a Patent Pat. 21. H. 3 m. 2. Claus 22. H. 3. m. 23. whereby her self and her heirs were, during her life, free'd from suit to the County and Hundred Courts for Wuluerecheston, Merston, and Bret­ford in this Shire. Which Geffrey being elected Claus. 28. H. 3. m. 8. Bpp. of Ossorie in that Kingdom, had the roy­all assent for confirmation thereof. But the next of this line, that I meet withall, as Lord of Wol­ston, is Sir Ex autog. penès Dec. & Cap. Leic. Richard Turvile Kt. in 29. E. 1. then one of the Coroners in this County, an St [...]t Wes [...]m. Cap. 10. Of­fice, in those days of great accompt, and confer'd onely upon the wisest and discreetest Knights that might best attend thereon: for there is a writ in the Register Fol. 177. b. Nisi sit miles, whereby it appeareth, that there was a sufficient cause to remove a Coro­ner chosen, if he were not a Knight, and had not C. sol. Rent of Free-hold. But I find, that in re­gard of impotency,Claus. 8. E. 2. m. 28. he was discharged of that Of­fice, and dyed the same year, as 'tis like; for in 9 E. 2. was Robert de Turvile certified Nom. Vill. to be Lord of Wolfricheston, with the members there­to belonging. To which Robert succeeded Iohn de Turvile; who in 19. E. 2. levyed Octab. Hill. a Fine thereof; entayling it on himself and his chil­dren by Margaret his wife; but for default thereof, to Thomas Ferrers and his heirs: and left issue Autog. penès S. Archer mil. Thomas Turvile his son and heir, Wil­liam, Robert, and Geffrey. Howbeit, after the 34 E. 3. that this Thomas presented to the Chappel of Bretford, I find no more mention of these Turviles here.

Nor further of this place till x. R. 2. that Sir William Wauton Kt. and Dame Ismania his wife, levyed a Fine Mense Pasch. 1. R. 2. thereof to the use of Sir William Bagot Kt. and William Glym, and the heirs of the said Sir William Bagot for ever: by which Fine it appears that there was special warranty against her the said Ismania; whence I guess, that she was Turviles daughter and heir. Which Sir Wil­liam Bagot left issue Isabell Ex au­tog. pe­nès Wil. Brom­ley de Ba­ginton ar. his daughter and heir, wife Ex au­tog. pe­nès Wil. Brom­ley de Ba­ginton ar. to Thomas Stafford; who in H. 5. time, past Rot. fin. 6. H. 6. m. 8. it to the Canons of Kenilworth with­out licence; whereupon, it being seized Rot. fin. 6. H. 6. m. 8. into the Kings hands, was in 6 H. 6. granted Rot. fin. 6. H. 6. m. 8. to Iohn Verney Clerk, and Iohn Throgmorton, to hold for twelve years: but in 10 H. 6. Iohn Weston of Weston, Sergeant at Law, Iohn Beauchampe of Kenilworth Priest, and Iohn Stokes of the same Kenilworth Yeoman, were Rot. pe­nès Remem. Regis in Scac. certified to hold it, with Merston, by the fourth part of a Knights fee. How they had it, or how they parted with it I find not; but certein it is, that Nicholas Met­ley a Lawyer, soon after obteined it, and by his last will Ex au­tog. penès Edw. Fer­res de Bad­sley ar. and Testament, dated 12 Nov. 16. H. 6. appointed, that his Feoffees thereof should hold it to the use of Ioane his wife during her life, and afterwards to the behoof of Margaret his Daugh­ter by the said Ioane, and her heirs for ever: which Ioane took Placit [...] de T. Hil. 30. H. 6. Rot. 322. to her second husband one Richard Hotoft, who was constrained to Placit [...] de T. Hil. 30. H. 6. Rot. 322. defend his wifes right therein against Thomas Throgmor­ton, and one Iohn Brokesby in 30. H. 6. they then laying claim thereto: but of this suit the Plan­tiffes had little benefit as it seems; for after the decease of the said Ioane, Iohn Hugford of Ems­cote possest Ex au­tog. penès S. Archer mil. it in right of Margaret his wife, daughter to the before specified Nicholas Metley, and dyed Esc. 1. H. 7. seized thereof 1. H. 7. leaving Iohn Beaufoe son and heir of Ioane his daughter, Mar­garet, Alice, Esc. 1. H. 7. and Anne daughters to him the said Iohn and Margaret Metley abovesaid his next heirs, as when I come to Emscote shall more plainly be shewed; whereupon in 4. H. 8. scil. 12. Aug. partitionClaus. 4. H. 8. in dorso, m. 24. & 25. being made of Hugford's lands, Iohn Cotes (of Honingham) in right of Alice his mother, had these mannours of Wolston and Mer­ston; which Iohn by his deed,Autog. penès G. Warner ar. 1640. bearing date xx. Aug. the same year, past them in exchange to Ed­ward Belknap Esq. and his heirs, as in Dercet I shall more fully shew.

This Edward Belknap was afterwards a Kt. and by his TestamentManwa­ring Qu. 17. gave Wolston with the mannour of Marston to his brother in Law, VVil­liam Shelley Esq and Alice his wife, sister of the said Sir Edward, and to the heirs of the said Alice, reserving first an estate for life in them to his wife: which VVilliam Shelley, by the said Alice, had issue Esc. 4. E. 6. Iohn Shelley his son and heir, who dyed Esc. 4. E. 6. seized of them 16. Dec. 4. E. 6. lea­ving William his son and heir 12. years old; who being attainted Ex evi­dentiis Ge­orgii War­ner ar. for treason committed xv. Dec, 25. Eliz. forfeited all the estate he had here, (which was no more than for life,Fin. le­vat. T. Hill. 23. Eliz. by reason of an entayl made 16. Ian. 23. Eliz.) so that dy­ing [Page 24] without issue, 15 Apr. 39 Eliz. these Man­nours, by vertue of the said entail, came to Sir Iohn Shelley Kt. and Bt. son and heir to Iohn Shelley brother of the said William: which Sir Iohn, by his deed Autogr. penès Geo. Warner de Wolsten, praed. of bargain and sale bearing date 19 Oct. 10 Iac. conveyed the same to George Warner Gent. and his heirs, the present Owner thereof, an. 1640.

I now return to the descendants from Robert de Chetwode, by Sibilla the other daughter and co­heir of Roger de Frevill (before mentioned.)

This Robert had issue Raph de Chetwode, and William; which Raph confirmed Regist. de Cumba, f. 53. b. his Uncle Ri­chard Frevill's grant of Merston-mill to the Abby of Combe: but left no issue, as it seems: for VVilliam his brother inherited the estate; and having given Ib. fol. 52. a. to those Monks certain errable lands in Wolston-field, left one onely daughter Ib. and heir married to VVilliam le Bretun of Long-Ichington, betwixt whom they had issue Guy le Bretun. Which Guy in 15 E. 2. (with other Com­missioners) was appointed Claus. 15 E. 2. in dorso, m. 12 to assess the sum of ccl. imposed upon those Knights, Esquires, and other men at Arms in this County, who being summoned to attend the King in person against the Rebels here in England (viz. Thomas E. of Lancaster, and his complices) desired to be ex­empted from that service.

In 2 E. 3. he was Claus. 2. E. 3. in dorso, m. 32 one of the Knights for this Shire in the Parliament held at York. And in 9 E. 3. one Pat. 9 E. 3. p. 1. m. 2. of the Commissioners assigned to assess and collect the sum of 120 l. in this County for the discharge of lx Hobelers and cc Archers, which were to be chosen and armed, as also conducted to Newcastle upon Tine.

In Claus. 14 E. 3. p. 1. m. 3. 14 & 15 Pat. 15. E. 3. m. 31. E. 3. he was assigned, with o­thers, to make sale of the Ninth of Sheafes, Flee­ces, and Lambs in this County granted to the K. in Parliament; as also to levy Pat. 14. E. 3. p. m. 47. and collect a Tenth granted in the same Parliament; and founded Autogr. penès Will. D. Craven. a Chantry in the Abby of Combe for one Monk to sing Mass daily there at the Altar of St. Edmund the Archb. for the soules of William le Breton his father, and of Avice his wife, and their ancestours; which Avicia was a Benefactress in the enlarging and beautifying the Church of Wolston, as her picture in a North window thereof doth manifest.

This Guy had issue Sir William Bretun Kt. Lord also of Wolverton in this County, and one of the Claus. 45 E. 3. in dorso, m. 34 Knights for this Shire in the Parliament held at Westminster, 45 Edw. 3. who being con­stituted Rot. fin. 49 E. 3. m. 20. Shiriff of the Counties of Warwick and Leicester, 49 E. 3. in Claus. 1. R. 2. in dor­so, m. 22. 1. R. 2. served again as one of the Knights for this Shire in the Parliament then held at Westminster; and left issue Esc. 5 H. 4. n. 19. Guy; of whom I find nothing memorable, neither can I trace down this descent any further.

I now come to the Monastery sometime here situate; which being a Cell, as I have said, to St. Peters sup Dinam in France [...] was one of those we commonly call Pryories-alien. But of these Cels have I not seen many formal foundations; the course being, for the most part, barely to grant the Land and Tithes (as by a multitude of instan­ces might be manifested:) After which the Monks beyond Sea, partly to propagate more of their own Rule, and partly to have faithfull Stewards to transmit unto them a good proportion of the pro­fits arising out of such their new acquired possessi­ons at so great a distance, built competent places for the reception of a small Covent, and then sent over such a number as they thought fit, constituting Priors over them successively, as occasion required: which grants were all very antient, I mean shortly after the Conquest; being commonly made by such, who had themselves been Founders of some Religious House, or at least their Ancestours, or near Allyes. And that the grant of this at Wol­ston was about that time I have intimated, these circumstances do much satisfie me; (for in our publick Records can I find nothing thereof) First, that the Fabrick of the Tower Steeple hath the apparent form of those Buildings which were in use soon after the Normans entrance: And next, that Roger de Montgomeri, the Possessour of this place in the Conquerours time, stood in a near re­lation of kindred W. Gem [...] ­t [...]c. p. 278. C. to Robert Earl of Ewe, who with his Brother Hugh, Bp of Liseux, assisted Ib. their Mother Lescelina Ord. vi­tal. p. 544. D. in the foundation of St. Peters super Dinam before specified, as the descent herewith drawn will shew; and so con­sequently was the more like to be a Benefactor to that Monastery.

  • Quidam potens de nobili genere Danorum.
    • Richardus 1. dux Normanniae. - Gunnora.
      • Guillelmus. - Lescelina.
        • Hugo episcopus Lexovii.
        • Rob. Aucen­sis Comes.
    • Osbertus de Bolebec. - Wevia.
      • Hugo de Monte­gomerico. - [...]oscelina.
        • Rogerius de Monte­gomerico.

But whether there was any grant thereof at all otherwise than verbal, is somewhat disputable: for in those elder times, concessions by Charter were not very common I am sure, as may appear by this instance to the Monastery of Daventre in North­hamptonshire, viz. by Stephan de VVelton, of the Church of Staverton in that County, bearing date in the year 1161. 7 H. 2. In which Charter there is this expression, Regist. priorat. de Daventre, f. 68. a. Hanc eandem ecclesiam de Staverton ad jus ecclesiae Daventrensis pertinen­tem, & membrum ejus, pluribus annis ante hanc d [...]nationem sancto Augustino & suis, patre meo an­nuente, reddideram; sed nullam chartae vel sigilli defensionem contra posterorum cautelam & vexa­tivam pulsationem dederam, & actionem meam im­munitam reliqueram: ut ergo jam ex h [...]c nunc in seculum rata sit & stabilis, mea quae praecessit red­ditio, & quae sequuntur adjuncta est donatio; nec­non & ipsa praefatae libertatis concessio, Scripti & Sigilli mei testimonio eas pariter munimine con­ [...]irmo.

Leaving therefore the original of this small Mo­nastery thus uncertain, I will now descend to what our Records, or other evidences, which I have seen, do shew thereof.

It appeareth by a publick Instrument Autogr. penès Pet. Went­worth mil. de Balneo. of the Prior and Covent of Tutbury, bearing date the day of the translation of St. Benedict, an. 1226. (10 H. 3.) that the Abbot and Covent of St. Pe­ters super Dinam, had granted to the said Prior and Covent of Tutbury the Church Id est, the Priory. of Wlfri­cheston, with all the appurtenances, in considera­tion of ten pounds sterling to be yearly paid to them and their successours by the said Prior and Covent of Tutbury; excepting the right of pre­sentation to such Churches, which were of their advouson, as they should fall voyd.

But these Prioryes-alien were seized into the [Page 25] Kings hands, in respect of the wars he had with France, the Rents and Profits, which issued out of them to those forreign Monasteries, in case they had received them as formerly, being conceived Vide Rot. Parl. 50 E. 3. n. 128. of advantage unto the Kings enemies; for such were the French then esteemed to be, as this Record doth fully manifest. Ibid, Que à les maisons en En­gleterre sont mandez moignes Franceys de par de la, pur convenient d'eux (id est, of those Houses in France to which they were subject) les quels n'ount conisance de gentz, ne scavent le language, ne la manere de la terre. Et outre ceo plusours d'eux avenont de notoirement feble vie, soeffrent lour mai­sons de eschoir, divine service amenuser, & dega­stent les biens de lour maison, come la chose se mon­stre en fait, & ount grant indignation qe ul Engleis soit avance entre eux si soit il mi si able persone; Et qe plus est a douter come homme suppose com­munement par eux lour cousins & allies, & autres Franceys qe demourront oves (que) eux, le Conseil de la terre est descovert, & les bienz emportez a les oeps des enemies dont supplient, &c.

But the first publick seizure made in that kind, (for which I have seen any authority) was in 23 E. 1. as appeareth by the Roul Rot. fin. 23 E. 1. m. 1. of that year, wherein the particular persons in each County, to whom the custody of these Religious Houses was committed, are recorded. Which persons were to retain them in their hands during the Kings plea­sure, answering to his Exchequer the profits there­out issuing, according to the tenor of the Ordinance therein made by the King and his Councel: whereupon those in this County, and in Lei­cestershire, were committed to the custody of Iohn de Shelton (as the same Record sheweth) all Free­holders and other tenants of those lands being com­manded to be observant to the said Iohn accor­dingly.

It seems that K. Edw. 2. in Claus. 1. E. 3. m. 22. consideration of a certain Rent to be yearly paid into his Ex­chequer, did commit this Cell, with what belong­ed thereto, unto the Prior thereof, to hold during the Kings pleasure: for so in 1 E. 3. the same Prior by his Petition exhibited to the K. and his Councel then in Parliament, doth set forth, whereby he craveth restitution of the lands, goods, and chattels, with the advouson of Churches be­longing to that house; and pardon for such ar­rearages of Rent, which were due upon the above mentioned grant of K. Edw. 2. whereunto the King was gratiously pleased to condescend.

After this, K. Edw. 3. seized it again, and com­mitted Claus. 16 E. 3. p. 2. m. 17. it to the Prior thereof, for a certain Rent to be paid into the Exchequer yearly; whereof default being made, and the same resumed upon the Petition of the said Prior, he allowed him iii sol. a week for his maintenance; command being gi­ven to Roger de Gray and Henry Arderne to make payment thereof unto him accordingly: but I do not perceive that there was any one Monk there at that time to bear the Prior company.

In Pat. 31 E. 3. p. 1. m. 27. 31 E. 3. it appears, that the Prior of this Monastery, having made an agreement to pay xx l. yearly into the Exchequer, as a ferm for this Cell; and being not able to perform it, the King was pleased to pardon ten marks a year thereof for the three next ensuing years. After which, by an extent Rot. penès Remem: Regis in Scac. of these Prioryes-alien in the 1, 2, and 3. years of K. R. 2. I find, that the possessions hereof were rated at xxviii l. ix sol. per annum; and that shortly after it was committed Rot. Fin. 8. R. 2. m. 2. to Wa­rine Waldgrave, paying xx l. yearly into the Ex­chequer, as Iohn Chater Prior of that House had wont to do. Which frequent seizures, giving the Monks beyond Sea little hope to have any con­siderable profit from their English Cells for the fu­ture, occasioned the Abbot and Covent of St. Pe­ters super Dinam, to think of making their best thereof. Whereupon, by their publick Instrument, Sk. fol. 137. a. bearing date 10 Dec. an. 1394. (18 R. 2.) ex­pressing, that, by reason of the wars, and distance of place, they had not received any benefit at all from thence of 50 years, their charges in sending over all waies exceeding the profit; and that, were there perfect peace concluded betwixt the Kings of England and France, the benefit would be so small to them, as that it would suffice for the main­tenance but of one religious person to be sent from their Monastery thither: And therefore, consider­ing that it might be of advantage and profit to the Prior and Covent of Carthusians near Coventre, then lately founded by K. R. 2. and withall that the said Prior and Covent had given them two thousand four hundred Francks, in good gold of French coyn, to be imployed in purchasing Rents and Possessions lying nearer, and more profitably to them; did they, by their said publick Instru­ment, grant and confirm to the same Prior and Covent of Carthusians this Cell at Wolfricheston, with the advousons of the Churches of Wolfri­cheston, and Church-Lauford in the County of Warr. Potters-pirie in the County of Northam­pton, Homton-Ozehell in the County of Leic. with all other profits and advantages, to the said Priory of Wolfrichston any waies belonging; to have, hold and possess to them, the said Prior and Covent of Carthusians and their successours for ever.

All which was confirmed by the K. Letters Pat. 20. R. 2. p. 1. m. 32.Patents bearing date 5 Iulii, 20 of his reign, (upon the return of a WritEsc. 19. R. 2. n. 73. of Ad quod dampnum thereupon) and thenceforth continued to the said Carthusians till the general dissolution of all the Monasteries by K. H. 8. After which it came to the hands of Roger Wigston, descended from a family of the Wigstons in Leicester, divers where­of were Merchants of the Staple. Which Roger (being a Lawyer, I suppose, for he was Steward Ex Cod. MS penès S. Archer mil. de va­lore eccl. f. 10. b. to the Monastery of Pinley in this County) by his WillSpert. Qu. 15. dated 34 H. 8. bequeath'd his body to be buried in the Church of Wolston; having been Shiriff Rot. Pip. 33 H. 8. Warr. of this County and Leicestershire in 33 H. 8. and in commission of the peace for divers years. And left issue Spert. Qu. 15. William VVigston, a Justice of Peace likewise in this County, and Eschaetor, Esc. 36, & 37 H. 8. towards the latter end of K. H. 8. reign; as also Shiriff in 5 E. 6. but Knighted Pat. de iisdem ann. in dorso. in 2 & 3 Ph. & M. who dyed 27 Sept. 19 Eliz. and lyeth buryed in the Chancell at Wolston, Esc. 19. Eliz. Roger his son and heir being then xl Esc. 19. Eliz. years of age: which Roger having no issue male, left the inheritance of his lands to his two daughters; whereof Susanne was the wife of Nicholas VVent­worth Esq who in her right became Lord of this Mannour (for so it is now reputed to be) and left it to Sir Peter VVentworth Knight of the Bath, his son and heir, the now owner thereof.

The Church dedicated to St. Margaret.

IN Cod. MS in Scac. an. 1291. (19 E. 1.) the value of the Re­ctory here was certified at xxxiii marks: out [Page 26] of which, besides the Stafford & K [...]mpe, [...]. 3 [...]9. a. sum of xiii sol. iiii d. due to the Bp of Coventre and Lichfeild, for the time being, as a pension, there was Cod. MS penès S. Archer, [...]q. aur. f. 29. b. liii sol. iiii d. year­ly to be paid to the poor there, as the composition manifesteth.

The Vicaridge in Ib. fol. 40. b. 26 H. 8. was valued at xv l. x sol. over and above viii l. yearly allowed for the stipend of two Priests serving in two Chappels within this Church, and ii sol. per annum for Ib. fol. 40. b. Synodals.

The appropriation of the Fruits of this Church to the Monastery of St. Peter sup. Dinam, was an­tient: for I have seen a very old Copy Penès Pet [...]um Went­worth mil. de Balneo. of the ordination of the Vicaridge (commonly called the Composition) made by Alexander de Savensby, Bp of Cov. and Litch. about the beginning of H. 3. time; who at his institution of Henry de Leicester Priest, upon the presentation of the Prior of Tutbury, Procurator general to the above men­tioned Abbot and Covent, makes this appoint­ment in the behalf of the said Vicar and his suc­cessors, viz. that they shall have all the Obven­tions of the Altar, as well of the Mother Church as of the Chappels, with a Messuage and a croft which one Alanus then held; the Vicar out of these being to pay Synodals, and to see that the Chappels were served by honest and able per­sons.

But by another Instrument Ab exem­plari per­ [...]tu [...]o pe­nès [...]un­dem P. Went­worth. of the said Bp. it appears, that by the consent of the before men­tioned Prior of Tutbury, there was an assignation made of four marks yearly to be paid to the Vicar for the time being, out of the profits of the Re­ctory, by the hands of the Procurator of the said Abbot and Covent, whoever he should be, at Wolfricheston at two terms in the year, viz. two marks at the day of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, and two marks on the day of her Purifi­cation; out of which the Vicar was to give yearly xiii coats, each containing three ells, and xiii pair of shoes to the poor of the parish, by the oversight of the Archdeacon of the place, or his Official; and whatsoever was remaining, himself to have towards the maintenance of one Priest, there, as­sisting him.

There is one thing more, that I am not willing to pass by, touching this Vicaridge; viz. a Commission Bowl. f. 66. a. which I find granted by the Bp. of Cov. and Lichf. bearing date 1 Dec. an. 1454. (33 H. 6.) to certain persons there named, and entrusted by him, to enquire of the Ordination thereof; forasmuch as the present Incumbent had signified to the said B. that the same was so slen­derly endowed, that, having there the cure of souls, he could not maintain himself in that fit manner as he ought out of the profits thereof, nor well undergo what was incident to him as Vicar; and thereupon humbly crave [...] remedy from the B. By which Commission the B. gives power to the per­sons therein mentioned, to call before them the Prior and Covent of Carthusians near Coventre, to whom the Rectory was appropriate; appoint­ing, that this enquiry should be made by persons of credit both of the Clergy and Laity, and upon oath; as also thereupon to proceed in augmenta­tion thereof as there should be cause, with power of Canonical c [...] [...]cion.

By which it appears, that though the Vicaridge were formerly endowed, yet, if in the discretion of the B. or his successours, at any time after, the fruit issuing out thereof to the present Incumbent, were not esteemed sufficient to maintain him in a fit manner, there might be an enlargement made out of the profits of the Rectory.

And that the B. may lawfully do this, I could manifest by very good authorities, as well as un­deniable reason: but, in regard this Argument be­longs to men of another profession, and that there is already a very handsome Discourse written upon this subject by Dr Ryves, a learned Civilian, en­tituled, Impr. Lond. an. 1620. The poor Vicars plea, I will spare that which otherwise I could have said therein. Adding this onely, that if respect be to be had, that the Vicar is to have that competent and laudable sup­port as is sutable to his degree and quality; for work he may not by the Laws, being to follow his study, maintain hospitality, releive the poor, pay Procurations, and defray all other charges incident to his Benefice; and that the Laws do allow him to marry, whereby the charge of a single person, as antiently they were, is by wife and children much, in all probability, increased; then no doubt many hundreds in England ought to be in this case regarded. Neither can the Impropriator, justly say, he hath wrong, though he purchased the Rectory at a dear rate; for he must needs know, that it is divolved to him with no more priviledge than the Monks had it, who were alwaies subject to coertion for the like augmentation, as cause required; it being not originally intended, that they who lived plentifully in their Cloyster should sweep away the chief fruits of the Church, the Parish which paid duely their Tithes having little advantage from them; and that the Vicar, who daily served at the Altar, should snap on short commons; but if there were sufficiency for both, each to have share; otherwise, if one must want, it should not be he that did undergo the work.

I know this will sound harshly in Impropria­tors ears, but Magna est veritas, & praevalere debet.

Patroni Vicariae.
Incumbentes & temp. Instit.
Procurator Abb. & Conv. S. Petri sup. Dinam.
Henricus de Leicestria, Pbr. H. 3.
Procurator Abb. & Conv. S. Petri sup. Dinam.
Ric. de Blaby Diac. ii. Id. Oct. an. 1300.
Langt. f. 6. a.
Prior de Wolrich­ston.
Petrus Mallori, xvi. Kl. Dec. a. 1317.
Ib. f. 78. a.
D. Rex ratione Prio­rat: de Wolriche­ston in manu sua existent.
Nich de Stonelay Cap. ii. Id. Martii, a. 1357.
Northb. f. 61. b.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Will. Chamber, Cap. xxv. Aug. an. 1403.
Burgh. f. 12. a.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Alex. Benet, iii. Ian. an. 1410.
Ib. f. 27. a.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
D. Ioh. Hill, Cap. xx. Iun. an. 1412.
Ib. f. 30. b.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Will. Prestwood, Pbr. xvi. Maii, an. 1421.
Heyw. f. 5. a
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ric. Tonsover, xi. Iulii, an. 1424.
Ib. f. 13. a.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Will. Prestwode, pen. Maii, an. 1432.
Heyw. f. 27. b.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ric. Habkyn Pbr. xiii. Iun. an. 1433.
Ib. f. 31. a.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Thomas Arkynden, Pbr. xvi. Iulii, an. 1438.
Ib. f. 37. a.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Will. Killworth, Pbr. iii. Oct. an. 1447.
Bo. f. 7. a.
[Page 27] Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Bowl. f. 140. b.
Thom. Forster, Pbr. iii. Ian. a. 1493.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ib. f. 141. a.
D. Laur. Causey, xx. Sept. a. 1494.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Ib. f. 204. a.
Will. Regelde, xii. Iulii, a. 1500.
Pr. & Conv. S. Annae Carthus. juxta Coventre.
Bl. f. 6. a.
D. Will. Clerke, Pbr. xii. Ian. a. 1512.
Thom. Gregory de civitate Covent. hac vice ratione concess: Pr. & Conv. S. Annae.
Samp. f. 41. b.
D. Thom. More, Cap. xv. Apr. a. 1546. (1 E. 6.)
Will. Wigston de Wolston, miles.
Samps. & [...]. f. 9. a.
D. Will. Harwar, art. Magr. ix. Maii, a. 1555. (2 & 3 Ph. & M.)
Will. Wigston, miles.
Ib. f. 12. b.
Ioh. Middleton, Cler. iiii. Martii, a. 1559. (2 El.)
Roger. Wigston. ar.
Overton bundell. B.
Edw. Lorde, in art. Magr. xii. Oct. a. 1585. (27 El.)
Roger. Wigston de Wolston, ar.
Overton bundell. E.
Hugo Clarke, Cler. v. Ian. a. 1591. (34 Eliz.)

In the South Ile of this Church are there two Arches in the Wall: In one whereof there still lyeth a very antient Statue of a Woman in free­stone, with a wimplet on her chin, and her hands in a praying posture. In the other was the Statue of a Man, as I guess, which is now removed and laid close to that of the Woman, having his hands elevated in such sort as the Woman, his head bare, and hair somewhat long, but no beard; and his outer garment loose, extending to his feet, with a belt about his middle, and a broad sword hanging thereat.

In the same Ile are two fair Grave-stones of marble, on each whereof hath been the pourt [...]ai­cture of Women in brass, with plates at their feet, wherein were these following Inscriptions, taken notice of by Mr William Belcher many years since, but now torn out.

Hic jacet Iohanna nuper uxor Ricardi Hotoft, quondam uxor Ricardi Metley, nuper do­mini de Wolston & Merston, que obiit anno domini. MCCCClxxiii.

Hic jacet Margareta uxor Iohannis Hugford, domini de Edmescote, filia & heres Nicholai Metley, domini de Wolston, Merston, Wapenbury & Ullesthorpe, que obiit anno domini MCCCClxxiiii.

On the former is this Coat of Arms still re­maining, viz. a Cheveron betwixt 3 Eagles dis­played, empaling a Cheveron betwixt 3 Hunters horns, brased. And on the other the same Coats quartered.

In the Chancell, adjoyning to the South wall, is a Monument of free-stone, about two foot in height, with this Epitaph upon the verge thereof.

Here lyeth the body of the right worshipfull Sir William Wigston Knight, who deceased the xxvii day of September in the year of our Lord, MDlxxvii.

Merston juxta Wolston.

OF this Mannour, being situate flat and low near the River, where the soyl is naturally marish, and giveth occasion of the name, I shall not need to say much, having already spoken thereof in Wolston. It was antiently called Bre­tons-Mannour, Guido Breton writing Autogr. penès S. Archer milit. himself of this place in 5 and 6 H. 4. But how it past from that family, I have not seen, nor when; the first Claus. 6. H. 5. in dorso, m. 6. mention which I afterwards find thereof being in 6 H. 5. where Richard Quatermaynes of Lon­don, granted the moytie thereof, with the appur­tenances, to Thomas VVodelow and Margaret his wife, and to the heirs of Thomas; and levyed a fine Crastin. puris. thereupon the same year: Unto which Tho­mas and Margaret, and the heirs of Thomas, did Iohn Boteler of Wolvardington release Claus. 7. H. 5. in dorso, m. 6. all his right in the other moytie. Whereupon the said Thomas, being possest of the whole, was in 10 H. 6. certified Rot. penès Remem: Regis in Scac. to hold it by the service of half a Knights fee. After which it was not long ere that it came to Nicholas Metley, and so to Iohn Hug­ford, in right of Margaret his wife, daughter and heir to the said Nicholas, as in Wolston I have shewed: since which it hath past from hand to hand with Wolston, and so continues to the owner of that Mannour till this day.

Stretton super Dunsmore

THis Village takes its name from the situation upon that old Roman way called the Fosse; which, being by the common people termed the Street, as all great waies and pas­sages are, thence hath the name of Stretton: the addition, super Dunsmore, being to distinguish it from the rest of the Strettons in this County.

In the Conquerours time I find that same Rai­naldus, whom I mentioned in Wolston, held Domes­day lib. also this place of Roger de Montgomerie E. of Arun­dell; it being then rated for 5 hides, and written Stratone.

Within the limits hereof is a very antient Mill (written long since Purmulne, but now Pirrey­mill) given Regist. de Cumba, f. 51. b. to the Monks of Combe by Robert de Chetwode and Sibilla his wife (of whom I have already spoke in Wolston;) which Monks, in con­sideration of xx marks, past Ib. f. 51. a. it to the Lady Al­breda Marmiun; who again assigned it unto them for the solemnizing the Anniversaries of her hus­band Sir VVilliam Camvill, her self, VVilliam her son, and the rest of her sons and daughters.

There is no doubt, I think, but that this Man­nour came, with Wolston, to Alanus filius Fla­daldi; for I find, that the said Alan gave Ex Regist. de Burton, fol. 18. a. certain lands here to the Abby of Burton. And from him likewise it is probable that Roger de Frevill had it: for in 36 H. 3. Raph Strange, who descended from one of the co-heirs to the said Roger (as the descent in Wolston sheweth) was certified to Testa de Nevill. hold half a Knights fee here of Iohn Fitz-Alan, descendant to the before specified Alanus: but the next possessor thereof, that I have seen any autho­rity for, was Thomas de Garshale, temp. E. 1. (of whom in Bourton I have made mention) who, with Maud his wife, sold Ex autog. penès Edw. Taylor de Binley. it unto Robert de He­riz and his heirs, to hold of them the said Thomas and Maud, and their heirs, by the service of 1 d. to be paid yearly at Easter. Which Robert, in consideration of xxx marks of silver, soon after granted Ibid. the inheritance thereof unto Henry de Hastings, son and Heir of Sir Henry de Hastings Kt. to hold of him the said Robert and his heirs by the service of a pair of white Gloves, or 1 d. yearly at Easter. But this Henry kept it not long; for I find, that Sir Thomas de Bray purchased Ibid. it of him within a short time after; to whose po­sterity, residing here, it continued for divers de­scents: and at length (as it should seem) by Elene Ibid. one of the daughters and co-heirs of Richard Bray, wife of Edmund Starky Gent. in H. 6. time, divolved to that family; in which it rested till 4 Eliz. that William Starky soldIbid. it, by the name of the capital messuage, and certain lands, &c. in Stretton to the Lady Longvile; upon whose death it descended to Bartholmew her son and heir, by Bartholmew Tate of de la Pre juxta North­hampton, her first husband: which Bartholmew in 23 Eliz. conveyed Ibid. it to Anthony Tate his younger brother, who left issue George Tate of Sutton-Bonington in Com. Nott. that, by his deed Ibid., dated 6 Iulii, an. 1620. sold them to Ric. Taylor of Binley in this County, to whose po­sterity they still continue.

There is within this Village a Chappel of All Saints, which had a Chantry Ex autog. penès Dec. & Cap. Lich. Esc. 19. E. 3. n. 8. therein, founded by Thomas de Wolvardynton, Parson of the Church of Lobenham (in Leicestershire) for two Priests to sing Mass daily at the Altar of St. Thomas the Martyr, for the good estates of the said Thomas, William Clinton Earl of Huntingdon, Richard Earl of Arundell, Iohn Peyto the younger; as also of Alice and Margaret, sisters to the said Thomas the Founder, during their lives; and of the re­verend Father in God Roger Northburgh, then B. of Cov. and Lich. and for all their souls after their departure out of this life: as also for the souls of Sir Peter de Wolvardington Kt. and the Lady Aliva his Wife, Father and Mother of the said Thomas: and of the souls of Iohn de Wolvardynton, William, and Peter, brethren of the said Thomas deceased; and of all faithfull people departed. For the maintenance of which two Priests, King E. 3. in 19 of his reign, granted Rot. fin. 19. E. 3. m. 2. Pat. 19. E. 3. parte 2. m. 19. li­cence to the said Thomas de Wolvardynton, to a­mortize three messuages, three yard land, four acres of meadow, three acres of wood, and xx sol. rent, with the appurtenances in Stretton afore­said. After this, viz. in 2 R. 2. licence was also granted Pat. 2. R. 2. parte 1. m. 33. to Robert de Stretton, then B. of Cov. and Lich. to amortize four messuages, and eight yard land, with the appurtenances, lying in this Village of Stretton, for the maintenance of a Priest to sing Mass daily in the abovesaid Chappel, for the good estate of the said King whil'st he li­ved; and for the health of his soul, when he should depart this life; as also for the souls of the Kings Father and Grandfather, and all the faithfull de­ceased. Whence I conclude, that this B. was born here, and took his name of the place, having been first a Canon Godwin de praesuli­bus, of Litchfeild, and Chaplain to the Black Prince (K. Richard the 2. Father:) but an illiterate man he was (saith Godwin) in so much as he found it a very difficult matter to ob­tain Consecration; which nevertheless, through the Kings power, at length he got. in 35 E. 3.

The lands of the Chantry here, founded by [Page 29] Thomas de VVolvardynton, were in 26 H. 8. va­lued Cod. MS penès S. Archer mil. f. 41. a. at iiii l. xiiii sol. per annum; but upon the survey Cod. alter MS penès eundem S. A. taken 37 H. 8. at iiii l. xvii s. per annum.


OF this place, lying in the Parish of Wol­ston, but Southwards from it about two miles, do not I find any mention, till Inq. per Hundr. 4. E. 1. at which time it was written Prenesthorpe.

As for the name, it proceeds, doubtless, from some antient possessor thereof, the latter sillable, viz. Thorpe, signifying a Village or Hamlet, for so in the Saxons time they were called; the Dutch to this day (whose Language hath a great affinity with our old English) calling such Villages Dorpes, pronouncing d instead of th.

In xx E. 3. it answered with Stretton upon the Aid Rot. penès Sim. Clarke, Bar. then collected. And in 31 E. 3. there was a Fine Quind. Hill. levyed thereof betwixt William de Peeke, Parson of the Church of Wapenbury pl. and Nicholas de Stoneley and Hugh de Geydon Priests, Deforciants, whereby it was setled upon the said William de Peeke for life, the remainder to Sir Richard Trewlow Kt. and the heirs of his body; and for lack of such issue, to Iohn Hockele and Cecelie his wife, and the heirs of their two bodies; and for default thereof, to Nicholas le Eyr, and his heirs.

After which I have seen little considerable of it, till it Exaut. penès Fr. Ne­thersole eq. aur. came to the Hugfords of Emscote in H. 6. time; but whether by Metley's heir, or not, I am yet to learn. In which family it continued till 9 H. 8. that Iohn Hugford sold Exaut. penès Fr. Ne­thersole eq. aur. it to Sir William Compton Kt. whose great Grand-child, Sir Henry Compton Knight of the Bath (and brother to Wil­liam late Earl of Northampton) now enjoyes it, an. 1640.


THis being a part of Wolston Parish lying on the other side of Avon, and situate at the foot of a Hill, the soyl whereof is sandy and dry, makes me conjecture, that it might originally have its name from the effect that the Sun by heat doth oft-times produce upon such high ground; or o­therwise, because, being antiently woody, it was first made fit for tillage by burning the thickets that naturally grew thereon.

In the Conquerours dayes Turchill de Warwick was possest thereof, Wlsi then holding it of him. By the general Survey Domes­day lib. then taken (where it is written Brandune) the extent of it is certified at half a hide, the woods containing four furlongs in length, and two in bredth, and the whole esteemed at xxv sol. there being then a Mill rated at xxvi d.

But Turchill's lands being by the Conquerour, for the most part, disposed of to others (as I shall have occasion in due place to shew) this was (it seems) given to Geffrey de Clinton Chamberlain and Treasurer to K. H. 1. and Founder of the Castle and Priory of Kenillworth (of whose advance­ment, and what else is memorable, I am to speak in Kenillworth) whose daughter Lescelina, being married Pl. de T. Mich. 9. Ioh. rot. 4. Oxon. to Norman de Verdune, brought it, with other lands, to that noble family: but Geffrey her brother had a hope to regain it: for having given Regist. de Kenill. p. 138. lands in Bretford, near adjoyning, to found there a small Cell for Nuns (as in Bretford I purpose to declare) which lands were, by those Nuns, very soon after, granted Ib. p. 7. to the Monastery of Kenill­worth, and confirm'd Ib. by him; covenanted Ib. p. 139 wich the Canons of Kenillworth, that, if he recovered Brandone, he would give them as much land in value as that at Bretford, and have that again in exchange.

This Geffrey de Clinton, the second, wedded Agnes the daughter of Roger Earl of Warwick; and had with her in Frank marriage by the gift Ex Car­tulario Warwici Comitum penès Dud­leium Ba­ronem North. an. 1641. f. 54. a. of her Father (inter alia) ten Knights Fees of those seventeen that were held by him of the said Earl, de Veteri Feoffamento; that is to say, whereof he or his Father were enfeoffed in the time of K. H. 1. which ten, by those covenants of marriage, were to perform their (military) service in the custody of this Brandune: whereby 'tis plain, that the Castle was then in being, though it be hard to say whether Geffrey de Clinton the Father of Lescelina, or her husband Norman de Verdune built it.

  • Domes­day lib.
    Bertramus de Verdon temp. Conquestoris.
    • Cart. ant. R. n. 26.
      Normannus de Verdon. -
      Fin. 7 R. 1
      Lescelina filia Gaufridi de Clintona.
      • Regist. de Kenill. p. 119.
        Bertramus de Verdon. -
        Chart. fui. dac. Abb. de Croxden.
        • Plac: de T. Mich. 9 Ioh. rot. 4. Oxon.
          Tho. de Verdon. -
          Plac: de T. Mich. 9 Ioh. rot. 4. Oxon.
          Eustachia, postea nupta Ric. de Camvil.
        • Plac: de T. Mich. 9 Ioh. rot. 4. Oxon.
          Nich de Verdon; 7 R. 1. mortuus 16 H. 3.
          • Claus. 9. H. 3. m. 4.
            Theobaldus le Butiller. -
            Rot. Pip. 16 H. 3. Warr.
            Rohesia filia & haeres. 16 H. 3.
            • Plac. de banco 26. H. 3. term. Mich. rot. 12.
              Marg. filia Gilb. de Lacy, & haeres Walteri de Lacy avi sui, uxor 1. -
              Rob. Fin. 31. H. 3. m. 7.
              Joh. de Ver­don. 31 H. 3. obiit 2 E. 1. -
              Claus. 4. E. 1. in dor­so, m. 18.
              Elianora uxor 2.
              • Esc. 2. E. 1.
                Theobaldus de Verdon, fil. & haeres, 2 E. 1. obiit 3 E. 2.
                • Rot. Fin. de an. 25. E. 1. m. 16.
                  Joh. obiit in Hib. vita pa­tris, 25 E. 1.
                • Regist. de Croxden.
                  Eliz. filia Gilb. de Clare, Com. Gloucestriae, uxor 2.-
                  Theobald. de Verdon obiit an. 1316. 10. E. 2. -
                  Matildis fil. Edm. de Mortimer de Wigmore 30 E. 1. ux. 1.
                  • Claus. 18 E. 3. parte 1. m. 27.
                  • Rot. Fin. 3. E. 3. m [...] 6.
                    Johanna uxor Tho. filii & he­redis Tho. d. Furnivall.
                  • Ib.
                    Eliz. uxor Barthol. Burghersh.
                  • Ib.
                    Margeria primò nupta Will. le Blount, postea Marco Husee, ult. Joh. Crop­hull.
            • Esc. 30. E. 1. n. 30.
              Matildis ux. Ioh. Fitz-A­lan, Comit. Arundeliae, 30 E. 1.

[Page 30]In the line of which Norman it continued for divers ages, as the descent here inserted sheweth. (their principal seat being at Alton-Castle in Staffordshire.) But little do I find memorable of it, other than, that, in 7 R. 1. it was garrison'd Rot. Pip. 7 R. 1. by VVill. fil. Ricardi (a great man in this Coun­ty, as in Wroxhall shall be manifested) who had then the custody Ib. thereof, by reason of the mi­nority of Bertram, son and heir to the before spe­cified Norman de Verdon. To which Bertram suc­ceeded Nicholas; who in 11 H. 3. had a Char­ter Car [...]. 11. H. 3. m. 4. of Free-warren granted to him and his heirs in all his demesn lands here. And raised a Pool in this place to so great a height, as that the Monks of Combe brought Pat. 11. H. 3. in dorso. an Assize of Novel-disseisin against him for drowning their lands in Stretton thereby. But it was not long afterwards ere that this Castle underwent the fate, which is incident to such strong holds in time of hostility: for it ap­pears, that the partakers with Simon Montfort E. of Leicester, who in 39 H. 3. held Kenil­worth Castle against the King, taking notice, that Iohn de Verdon, Grandchild to the before specified Nicholas, had Commission to raise Forces in Worcestershire against th [...]se Rebels, issued out of of that place, and pulled Regist. de Stoneley. it down.

To which Iohn succeeded Theobald; who, a­b [...]ut the beginning of E. 1. time, extended Inq. p [...]r Hund. 7 E. 1. per H. N [...]. &c. his Free warren here beyond the bounds of his Ba­rony, [...] lands o [...] the Prior of Coventre and Abbo [...] of Combe; and ingrossed the whole fish­ing o [...] Avon, on the one side, to himself; viz. from Bretford to Mervines-mill, which had wont to be common. It seems he rebuilt the Castle: for I find, Ib. f. 10. b. that it was then again in being (though now nothing remain thereof but the moats and heaps of rubbish) and had a Park thereto, con­taining a mile in length. As also, that Ib. f. 10. b. his Te­nants were thus distinguisht, viz. by Servants, Cottagers, and Free-holders. Of the first sort there being xxv that held xii yard land and a half in servage; that is to say, besides payment of a cer­tain Rent, each of them to find one workman, at the Lords disposal, to labour from Monday next after the feast day of St. Peter and Paul, untill the feast of St. Peter ad vincula (which is the first of August) in every week two daies; and after that time, till Michaelmass, to find one man working two daies one week, and three daies another by turns, at such imployment as the Lord should ap­point. And the Cottagers to find, each of them every week, from the first of August till Michael­mass, one labourer, to work upon Monday onely, as the Lord should appoint. But the Free-holders, which were onely three, held by a certain Rent and homage, and to do service to his Court every three weeks. It was likewise then found, that he had Free-warren here of the grant of K. H. 3. and how he had incroacht upon the Prior of Co­ventre and Abbot of Combe; as also that he had a Court Leete, Gallowes, with assize of Bread and Beer, for a Palfrey yearly payable to the K. Unto which Leet his Father, being a powerfull man, had Rot. de Quo Warr. penès Thes. & Camer. Scac. drawn the Hamlets of Thurlaston and Ashoe, without any justifiable authority: but as to the rest of those priviledges, being questioned in 13 E. 1. by what authority he claimed them, he pleaded Ib. prescription, which was allowed. To which last mentioned Theobald, succeeded Theo­bald his son and heir; and to him his four daugh­ters and heirs; whereof Elizabeth the wife to Bartholmew de Burghersh had (inter alia) this Lordship in partition assigned unto her: Whose son and heir, viz. Sir Bartholmew, shortly after, past Ex evi­denc: Ro [...]. Catesby attincti. it unto Sir VValter Pavely Kt. and other feoffees; who in 43 E. 3. conveyed Claus. 43. E. 3. in dorso, m. 30 it to Sir Iohn Delves a Staffordshire Kt. from whom it came to Sir Iohn Arundell Kt. who in 3 R. 2. dyed Esc. 3. R. 2. n. 1. sei­zed thereof: and so descending to Sir Richard Arundell, fell by partition Esc. 5 E. 4. n. 35. in 16 H. 6. unto Elianore wife of Sir VVilliam St. George Kt. one of the two daughters and heirs to the said Sir Ri­chard: which Elianore departing Ibid. this life with­out issue, it divolved Ibid. to Sir Robert VVilloughby of Eresby Kt. son and heir of Thomas VVillough­by Esq and Ioane, the other sister and co-heir; which Sir Robert VVilloughby dyed Ibid. 5. E. 4. leaving Robert his son and heir within age: but Esc. 11. E. 4. n. 50. Sir VVilliam St. George had the possession thereof during his life, as Tenant by the curtesy of En­gland, and dyed 11 E. 4. the reversion thereby coming to Rot. fin. 12 E. 4. m. 6. Christopher VVilloughby, brother Esc. 11. E. 4. n. 50. of the last mentioned Robert, who was at that time 19 years of age.

From which Christopher, by Thomas a third son, one of the Justices of the Common Pleas in the later end of K. H. 8. reign, descended Sir Per­civall VVilloughby Kt. (late of Middleton in this County, as I shall further shew when I come to speak of that place) who sold it to Sir Henry Yel­verton Kt. Atturney General to K. Iames, within our memory.


THis was a member of Brandon, as will ap­pear by what I am now to say, having its name from the wideness of the Forde; and for Bradforde, is, by corruption, called Bretforde. But the first mention I find thereof, is, that Geffrey Clinton (son to Geffrey, who founded the Castle and Priory of Kenillworth) gave Regist. de Kenill. p. 7. & p. 38. land to the foundation of a small Cell for Nuns here; which land is particularly mentioned in his grant, the name of the first Votress there, being Noëmi; but it seems, she liked not the place; for her fellow Nun, named Seburge Regist. de Kenill, p. 116., and she past away the same lands to the Canons of Kenillworth, in the life time of the said Geffrey Clinton, and by his Rot. Cart. 8. E. 2. per Inspex. n. 4. consent; Henry de Clinton, son of the said Gef­frey, afterwards confirming Regist. de Kenill, p. 13. the grant. After this, viz. in 11 H. 3. Nicholas de Verdon obtained a special Rot. Cart. 11 H. 3. m. 4. Claus [...]de codem an. m. 4. Charter for a weekly Mercate here upon the Tuesday, and his great Grandchild Theobald had here a Rot: de Quo Warr. 13. E. 1. Gallowes, as a badge of those royal priviledges belonging to his Castle of Brandon; which Gallowes were in this place at first erected, as I guess, because it lyes upon that great Roman way called the Fosse, so that it might be in terro­rem to passengers. But upon partition Claus: 34 E. 3. m. 3. of Ver­dons lands, it went, with Brandon, to Burghersh, in right of Elizabeth his mother, one of the co-heirs; since which time they have not been se­vered.

Here was a kind of Hospital or Chappel of St. Edmund; founded, I presume, by the Turviles, Lords of Wolston; for they were Patrons of it, as appears by the InstitutionsEx Reg. Cov. & Leich. episc. thereunto.


HAving now done with the Parish of Wol­ston, I come to Rieton, situate upon the Southern-side of Avon, and usually called Rieton super Dunsmore, for distinction from another of the same name, which is in Bulkinton-Parish: the reason being obvious enough, forasmuch as the soyl here is of a light sandy disposition, and bea­reth Rye best of any Grain.

This was one of those towns which Earl Leo­frike gave Regist. Priorat. de Coven­tre in Scac. penès Re­mem. R. s. 75. a. to the Priory of Coventre upon the foundation thereof An. 1043. 1. Edw. Confesso­ris, as I shall further declare when I come to speak of that Monastery. But it seems, that the Monks chopt it quickly away, though it appears not how: for Aluuinus, Domes­day lib. Progenitor to the fa­mily of Arden, had it before the end of the said Kings reign; And in the Conq. time Turchill, the son of the same Aluuin, (commonly called Turchill de Warwick) held it. It is Ibid. there writ­ten, Rietone and conteyning three hydes and half a carucate, had at that time a Church, and a Mill, the woods thereof being then certified to contain half a mile in length, and two furlongs in breadth; and the value of the whole lx. sol.

The word in Domesday-book signifying a mile, is leuca or leuva, which the French to this day call a legue: but that it was used to express a mile, that is to say a thousand paces, and not a league, (which with the French is twice so much) observe what Ingulphus Ingul. Hist. f. 117. b. n. 40. (an authentique Histo­rian who lived in that age) says: viz. that the English, being now brought under the dominion of the Normans, did, in many things, follow the French Garbe; and therefore in the stead of miles they called them leucas, that is legues, but intended miles: Nay so carefull were those that took this Survey to account the measure with the scantest, in regard of envious Informers, that they would alwaies express Ingul. Hist. f. 117. b. n. 40. the measure rather more than less of what it really was.

The Leiger Penès Thomam. D. Le [...]gb. Book of Stonley says, that this Mannour was a member of Stonley, and given to the family of Arden by K. H. 1. The first part of which expression is like to be true: but I am of opinion, that it was part of those lands which Turchills posterity were permitted to enjoy, and not at all out of their possession till they granted it a way to the Hospitalars, as I shall, shortly manifest: For Siward de Arderna, (son and heir to the said Turchill) with Cecelia his wife, gave Regist. Abb. de Thorney pe­nès Com. Westmerl. p 4. f. 1. a. to the Monks of Thorney in Cambridge-shire, the Mill here at Ryeton, for the health of his soul; which grant Henry de Arderne his son con­firmed Ib. Cap. 2. which Mill yeilded xii. s. Rent per an. in that age:Ib. p. 9. f. 15. howbeit in these grants and confir­mations of Thorney, it is written Rugintunia, Rutunia, and Ruitonia. In which family of Ar­den it continued till Edw. 1. time: Thomas de Ar­den being Inq. Cap. per H. No­tingh. &c. 53. b.certified in 7. E. 1. Lord thereof; and that he held it of the Earl of Warwick by the service of half a Kts. Fee. This Thomas had here then Inq. Cap. per H. No­tingh. &c. 53. b. in demesn three carucates of land and a wa­ter-Mill; as also three servants, each of them hol­ding a yard land and a half, and paying a certain yearly rent in money, plowing one day in winter a peice, and one day in Lent, mowing, raking, making hay, carrying corn, and gathering Nutts, at each work one day.

The Cottagers were at that time xiii. in num­ber, who likewise, besides their Rent, did work one day a piece at some of those before mentioned labours. And the freeholders Ib. 54. a. xv. which held eight yard land and a fourth part, three acres and a half, and one rode: but their particular names and Rents, for brevitie I omit. At that time it was also certified, Ib. that the Abbot of Thorney held a Mill there, and half a yard land: And the Hos­pitalars had two Free-holders holding one yard land, and a water-Will. But in 10. Edw. 1. there was a sure Pl. de T. Trin. 10. E. 1. rot. 44. betwixt the before specified Thomas de Arderne and the said Hospitalars; by which suit the Prior of St. Iohns recovered of the said Thomas one Mill, CC. acres of land, twelve acres of meadow, and ten acres of wood; and had pos­session thereof accordingly: howbeit the Earl of Warwick, of whose Fee it was, came and interpo­sed with his claim so that there issued out a Writ to enquire of the Earls right therein. After which, viz. in 14. E. 1. this Thomas, though for what consideration I find not, granted Pa [...]. 14. E. 1. m. [...] all his right therein to the said Hospitalars, and their successors: against whom in 9. H. 8. it was cer­tified, Inq. 9. H. 8. that they had inclosed here three hundred acres of land, and that by this decay of husbandry, if remedy were not provided, the Church there would fall to ruin.

But after the dissolution of the Monasteries K. Edw. 6. in 4. of his reign granted Pat. 4. E. 6. p. 7. this Mannour, (inter alia) to Iohn Dudley Earl of Warwick and his heirs; which Iohn was afterwards made Duke of Northumberland, and lost his head in 1. Ma­riae (as in Warwick I shall more fully shew.) After whose attainder, Queen Mary, restoring the Romish Religion, granted Pat. 4. & & 5. Ph. & M. p. 14. it, with other things, to Sir Thomas Tresham Kt. as Master of the Hos­pitall of St. Iohn of Ierusalem in England and to his successours: but upon the death of that Queen, the Romish Religion being again supprest, Am­brose Dudley Earl of Warwick (son to the attain­ted Duke: amongst divers other lands which were his Fathers, obteined Pat. 4. Eliz. p. 4. Pat. 6. E­liz. p. 4. it to himself and the heirs of his body; who dying without issue, in Inscrip. super tu­mulum a­pud War­wick. 31. Eliz. it returned to the Crown; whereupon the said Queen, by her Pat. Pat. 40. Eliz. p. 16. dated 28. Oct. 40. Eliz. passed it to Randle Crew of Lincolns-Inne Esq. and Richard Cartwright of London Gent. and their heirs; who by their deed of bargain and sale bearing date xxiii. Iunii 41. Eliz. granted Autog. pe­nes Will. Dilke ar. it to Thomas Dilke Esq. (but afterwards Kt.) and to his heirs, whose Grand-child William Dilke of Maxstoke-Castle now enjoys it.

The Church here was very antiently given Fin. le­vat. xv. Ioh. Bap. 32. H. 3. Inq. Capt. per H. No­ting. &c. f. 54. b. by the Prior of Coventre unto the Cathedrall of Lichfield in the name of a Prebend: and in 1291. 19. E. 1. was valued Cod. M S. in Scac. at xv. marks; but in Cod. M S penès. 26. H. 8. at xi. l. vi. sol. viii. d the Procurations S. Archer eq. aur. f. 48. a. and Synodalls being then vi. sol. viii. d. per an. and the Curate a stipendary to the Prebend. But in it are neither Arms nor Monuments.


BElow Rieton lyes Bobenhull: which, in the Conq. time, being possest a by Robert de Stat­ford (of whom I am to speak in Wotton-wawen) [Page 32] and, of him held by one Aluric, whose freehold it had been before the Norman invasion, contained then five hydes, whereof the woods were two fur­longs in length and two in breadth; there being at that time a Mill; but the value of all then certified at fifty shillings, where it is written Bubenhalle.

In 13. Ioh. this Mannour answered for the third part of a Knights fee,Lib. rub. f. 157. a. amongst the lands which were of the Honour of Herveus de Staf­ford. And in Testa de Nevill. 36. H. 3. amongst the fees held of the Lord Stafford, it was certified, that the Earl of Warwick held two parts of a Knights fee here.

But in Inq. per H. Noting. &c. f. 23. a. 7. E. 1. Iohn Fitzwith being Lord thereof, held it of Hugh de Plessets by the third part of a Kts. fee, the same Hugh holding it over of the Ba­ron of Stafford; which Iohn had at that time here one carucate of land in demesn; ten servants that held two yard land and a half; seven Freeholders holding ten yard land and eight acres; as also eight Cottagers.

In whose family it continued till the later end of Edw. 3. time; but then went away with a Daughter and heir, as the descent here inserted will shew.

  • Wido filius Roberti 36. H. 3.
    • Ioh. fil. Guidonis 7. E. 1.
      • Rob. fil. Guidonis miles 3. E. 2.
        • Guido fil. Rob. 9. E. 2.
          • Eliz. filia & haeres infra aetat. 10. E. 2. - Thomas de Lucy.
        • Joh. le Fitz­with 20. E. 2.
          • Joh. Fitz­with
            • Johan. ux. 2. postea nupta Will. de Ty­rington 15. R. 2. - Robertus le Fitzwith, dictus le Fitz-Gy, 30. E. 3. - Agnes filia Will. Catesby.
              • Iohanna. filia & haeres, proba­vit. aetatem 49. E. 3. - Joh. Beauchamp de Holt:
                • Joh. Beauchamp mil. obiit 8. H. 5. - Alicia.
                  • Ioh. Pauncefot 1. maritus. - Margareta filia & haeres. - Ioh Wysham 2. maritus 1. H. 6.
          • Rob. le Fitz­with.

I am of opinion that these Fitzwith's had their seat here, as I shall further instance anon, there­fore I purpose here to memorize what I find no­table of them. Of this Iohn, whom I have al­ready mentioned, I find, that he was the first that assumed the sirname of Fitzwith, being the son of one Guido (or Guy) called Guido filius Roberti, as in Shotswell I shall have occasion to shew; and in Pat. 3. E. 1. m. 28. 3. E. 1. one of those who had Commis­sion for the Gaol delivery at Warwick: as also, that in 5. E. 1. he attended Pat. 5. E. 1. m. 8. the King in his expedition into Wales; at Th. Wal­singh. Hist. Angl. in an. 1278. which time the Welch were reduced to subjection, their Prince being then content to accept of such termes as K. Ed­ward would afford him: And, that Claus. 29. E. 1. In dorso. in 29. E. 1. he was one of those that received the Kings precept to be at Berwick upon Twede sufficient­ly appointed with Horse and Armes to march a­gainst the Scots.

To whom succeeded Autogr. penès Dec. & Cap. Lich. Robert, called Robertus filius Guidonis; who, being a Kt. in 3. E. 2. wrote himself of this place; which Robert had issue Guy, that dyed Autogr. in Scac. in­ter eviden. R. Catesby. in 10. E. 2. leaving Elizabeth his Daughter and Heir within age; who departed this life without issue as it seems; for the inheritance came to Fin. de T. Hill. 25. E. 3. Robert le Fitzwith Nephew to the last Guido by Iohn his Brother; which Robert, ha­ving no issue, setled Autogr. in Scacc. in­ter eviden. R. Catesby. part of his lands in his life time, upon the said Robert le Fitzwith, his Ne­phew, (as I shall more fully shew when I come to Bernangre) the rest descending to him. This last mentioned Robert had two wives; Ib. Agnes the Daughter of Will. Catesby, and Ib. Ioane who survived him, and marryed to Will. de Tyrington; and died Ib. in 36. E. 3. leaving issue Ioane his Daugh­ter and heir, ward to Sir Richard Penbruge Kt. by the Kings grant; which Ioane marryed Claus. 49. E. 3. m. 21. to Iohn Beauchamp of Hol [...] (in Worcester-shire) and proved Claus. 49. E. 3. m. 21. her age in 49. E. 3. whereupon her hus­band and she had Claus. 49. E. 3. m. 21. livery of her lands.

This Iohn Beauchamp had the honour to be the first man that ever had creation to the dignity of a Baron in England by Pat. 11. R. 2. p. 1. m. 12. Patent, which bears date at Wodstoke x. Octobris undecimo R. 2. but he enjoy'd it not long; for the Th. Wal­sing. Hist Angl. in 1388. p. 365. n. 20.same year the re­bellious Lords, having rais'd a potent army, came up to London; and there mustering their men in the sight of the Tower, where the King then lodg'd, forced him to call a Parliament, wherein, by their power, they did what they listed, causing Sir Robert Tresilian chief Justice of England, and divers others to be attainted of treason; of which number this Th. Wal­sing. Hist Angl. in 1388. p. 365. n. 20. Sir Iohn Beauchamp, (then Lord Steward of the Kings house-hold) being one; was thereupon hang'd Ib. n. 40. drawn and quartered.

But by the Kings writ Claus. 15. R. 2. m. 42. of Monstraverunt di­rected to the Justices of the Common Pleas in xv. R. 2. upon the allegation of William de Tyring­ton and Ioane his wife; wherein they set forth, that the said William and Ioane had recovered the third part of this Mannour in 43. E. 3. as the dowrie of Ioane, against the said Iohn Beau­champ and Elizabeth; it appears, that the said Iohn and Elizabeth, long before this attainder; viz. the Sunday being the feast day of the exalta­tion of the Holy cross in 7. R. 2. did demise it unto Iohn Catesby, to hold during the said Iohn Catesby his life, in consideration of viii. l. per an. to be payd to the said Iohn Beauchampe and Ioane and their heirs: so that, by reason of this demise, the viii. l. Rent per an. onely, and the reversion, af­ter Iohn Catesby his death, were seized for the King in regard of the aforesaid attainder: And (which is not the least notable) that his coat of male, being then in the hands of one Iohn Reede an Armorer of London, was thereupon Claus. 12. R. 2. m. 19. delivered up unto Henry E. of Derby (afterwards King by the name of Henry the 4.) by a speciall command. But this attainder as all things else done in that Parliament of xi. R. 2. held by force, being made Claus. 22. R. 2. m. 25. void in the Parliament of 21. R. 2. and it being enacted, that all that were then dis-herited should be restored to their estates; command was given by the K. writ directed to his Eschaetor in this Coun­ty, to put Sir Iohn Beauchampe Kt. son and heir of the aforesaid Iohn, into possession of the viii. l. per an. rent, payable during the life of Iohn Catesby; which Sir Iohn Beauchamp dyed Esc. 8. H. 5. n. 70. seized of this Mannour 8. H. 5. leaving issue Margaret his Ib. Daughter and heir, then the wife of Iohn Paunce­fot, and shortly after of Iohn Wysham; who in 1. H. 6. with her husband Iohn Wysham, levyed [Page 33] a F. de di­versis comi­tat. Levat. Octab. Ioh. B. 1. H. 6. Fine of divers Mannours; and amongst the rest of this, whereby it was put into the hands of ma­ny, named in the same Fine (which were Feoffees in trust no doubt;) howbeit in Rotul. in Scac. pe­nès Rem. R. 10. H. 6. Iohn Blounce of Wygington, in Com. Oxon, was cer­tified to be Lord thereof: but how it past from him I know not; neither have I seen more there­of till 12. E. 4. that Thomas Craft and Elizabeth his wifeFin. de diversis comit. le­vat. crast. anim. 12. E. 4. setled a third part of it, by a Fine then levied, upon themselves and the heirs of the said Elizabeth. From which Thomas it divolved to Iohn Crofte, who in 8. H. 8. Fin. de T. Mich. 8. H. 8. passed what inte­rest he had here, by the name of the moytie of the Mannour, unto Sir Edward Grevill Knight.

In whose line it did not long continue; for in 29. Eliz. Edward the son of Thomas Wotton Esc. 8. H. S. pos­sest it; and I have heard that his descendants are still Lords of it.

The Church (dedicated to St. Giles) being a Prebend Inq. per H. Nott. &c. f. 23. a. belonging to the Cathedrall of Lich­field, was first Fin. levat. xv. Ioh. B. 32. H. 3. granted thereunto by Roger Prior of Coventre in 32. H. 3. and in an. 1291. 19. E. 1. valued Cod. M S. in Scac. at x. marks.


Being now come to the skirts of Stoneley Pa­rish wherein the River of Sow meets with A­von, before I follow the Banks of that River any further on this South-east side, I am, according to my declared method, to take notice of those pla­ces, which are situate on the North-west side there­of: but because the Northern part of this Hundred lyes not adjacent to any branch of Avon, I must be constrained to observe some few places in that Eastern Corner by their bordering on Watlingstreete, or near thereto, till the same great and well known road do meet with the River Swifts at Bensford-bridge, which will lead me to those other towns that lye on the North-west Bank of that stream, as also of Avon. Which be­ing done, I then purpose to discover the originall of Sow; and so following that Channell, with its branches, not onely to finish all that Northern side of this Hundred, but to take view of the Ci­ty of Coventre with the liberties, which antient­ly was part of the same, (though now an intire County of it self.)

And having thus declared the course that I pur­pose to take, wherein the Map will be a proper guide to the Reader, I shall begin with Stretton, now a depopulated place, and known commonly by the name of Stretton-fields; but antiently cal­led Stretton-Baskervile, to distinguish it from the many other Strettons in this County; ac­cording to which appellation I have fixt it in the Map.


AS all other Strettons take their names from some great road near unto which they are si­tuate, so doth this of that known Roman way, called Watlingstreet lying on the North side of it; with the addition of Baskervile, in regard that fa­mily were antiently Lords thereof, as I shall shew anon. In Domes­day lib. Edw. the Conf. days one Edricus pos­sessed it; but after the Norman invasion it was be­stowed on Raph de Mortimer, Progenitor to that eminent family seated at Wigmore in Com. Sa­lop, who had also lands in the Counties of Ox­ford. Linc. Salop, York, Hereford, Worcester, Somers. and Berks. as by the generall Survey, then taken, appeareth, where this place (written Stratone) is rated for three hides, and valued at xxx. sol.

How or when it went out of the line of Mor­timer, I have not found: but the next possess [...]s thereof, that I meet with, was Baskervill, and that very antient; for in 12. H. 2. when Will. Earl Ferrers certified what Fees were held of him, it appears,Lib rub. f. 106. a. that Raph de Boskervill held one of those three, of which William de Boskervill, his Father, was enfeoffed by (Robert Earl Ferrers) his Grand-Father, which must needs be in H. 1. time; where­of this Stretton was part, as the Aid-roll Penès S. Clarke Bar. in 20. E. 3. manifesteth: For Iohn de Twyford was then found to hold the fourth part of a Kts see here, of the fee of Tutebury [...] which Honour of Tutebury did antiently belong to Ferrers, as is commonly known. But the first of the Baskerviles, that the Records, I have seen, do directly point out to be possessor hereof, was Walter de Baskervile, who lived in K. Iohn's time; and this is in a pleading Pl. de banco temp. R. Ioh. Rot. 1. & Rot. 4. In dorso. betwixt the said Walter, and the Prioress of E­ton (now Nun-Eaton) which the said Prioress claimed in right of the Church of Burton, where­unto she alleaged this to belong as a Chappell; and, to fortify her title, produc't the grant of the Church of Burton to the Nuns of Eaton by Raph de Turevill, together with the confirmation of H. (Nuvant) Bishop of Coventre, whereby it was mentioned to be a Chappel belonging to Bur­ton. And, besides all this, she exhibited a writing made by Alice de Baskervile, Grand-Mother to this Walter, directed to the Bishop of Coven. whereby it appeared, that after the truth touching the right of advowson was known unto her, she did for ever after further desist laying claim there­to. But to this Walter answered, that what the Nuns had there produced could not prejudice his title; for they had shew'd no grant thereof from any of his ancestours; and alleged, that this of his Grand-Mothers ought not to bind him, in re­gard she had no interest there but by her dowrie.

This, as it is historical in relation to the Church, so doth it shew, that Alice was Grand-Mother to Walter; And that VVilliam was his Grand-Fa­ther and Raph his Father, I think there is no doubt. Of these, Raph was a Benefactor Cart. 21. E. 1. n. 2. per Inspex. to the Monastery of Merevale (in this County, founded in his time by Robert Earl Ferrers:) And VValter gave Rot. P. 10. Io [...]. three palfreys in 10. Iohan. for having respite in the payment of x. l. owing to the King for a Fine, which he made with him; and of xxv. l. debt that he owed to the Jews. But in [Page 34] Rot. P. 16. Ioh. 16 Ioh. this Walter was dead: for then Ysolda his widow gave C. marks and one palfrey to have possession of her inheritance; as also of the dowry accruing to her by the death of her husband; and that she might not be distreyned to marry. Yet what issue she left, is not known to me, except Ascilia F. de di­versis com. 12. Iob. (with whom he gave 6 marks rent in frank marriage to Walter Biset) was his daughter; which Ascilia afterwards married to Nigell de Pinchbec. But if she were his daughter, she dyed without issue, as it seems: for in 4 H. 3. I find, that Raph Fitz-Nicholas, then Steward Claus. 3. H. 3. m. 4. in dorso. to William Earl Ferrers was owner of it Plac. a­pud Westm. Oct. Mich. 4. H. 3. Rot. 2., by descent from Alice de Baskervile his Grandmother; and the next year following there was a Fine F. levat. Oct. Mich. 5. H. 3. levyed betwixt him and the Prioress of Eton touching the ad­vouson of the Church; which was acknowledged to be the right of the same Raph, saving to the said Prioress and her Church of Burgton the an­tient and due portion she had wont to receive out of it.

This Raph Fitz-Nicholas was a very eminent man in his time, and had here a Mannour-house, as may be inferred by the storing of a pool with fish, for which purpose he had the Kings mandate Claus. 13. H. 3. m. 17. to the Constable of Kenillworth-Castle to deli­ver unto him C. Bremes out of Kenillworth-Pool (a Fish in great esteem and price antiently, as when I come to Sutton in Hemlingford-Hundred I shall shew.) In 14 H. 3. he had, Cart. 14. H. 3. m. 4. amongst o­ther liberties and priviledges granted to him and his heirs in divers Mannours, freedome from suit to the Hundred and County-Court, and of the payment called Auxilium Vicecomiti for this his Mannour of Stretton. And in Matth. Paris: in an. 1257. 41 H. 3. depart­ed this life (at which time he was Steward Ib. of the K. Houshold) leaving Robert Rot. F. 42. H. 3. m. 11. his son and heir, who did his homage the year following. Which Robert was summoned Claus. 47. H. 3. in dorso, m. 7. to be at Worcester, with divers other great men, on the feast day of St. Peter ad vincula, 47 H. 3. to resist the power of Lewelin Prince of Wales, then in hostility; but he after­wards adhered to the rebellious Barons, being of the retinue Esc. 50. H. 3. to young Simon Montfort: Never­theless, returning afterwards to obedience, he was again received Pat. 52. H. 3. in dorso. to favour, finding Sureties Pat. 52. H. 3. in dorso. for his future fidelity, viz. Raph de Pipard, and Raph de Pichford of Shropshire; and in 1 E. 1. dyed Esc. 1. E. 1. n. 19. without issue, leaving Raph, Esc. 1. E. 1. n. 19. sirnamed Pipard, his nephew and heir; which Raph did his homage Rot. F. 2. E. 1. m. 31. in 2 E. 1. having lands in the Counties of Nott. Derb. Oxon. and Berks. by descent from his [...]aid Uncle.

In 13 E. 1. this Raph. Pipard claimed Rot. de Quo wa [...]r. a Court-Leet here, with weyfs and other priviledges: and power to punish the breakers of the Assize of Bread and Ale: part of which his claim was allowed, in regard it appeared, that his Ancestours had used them time out of mind; but as to the weyfs he did not speed. After which, viz. in 29 of the said K. reign, he aliened F. levat. Oct. Ioh. Bap. 29. E. 1. this Lordship, with the ad­vouson of the Church, unto Iohn de Twyford, re­serving to himself an estate for term of life onely: and in 3 E. 2. departed Esc. 3. E. 2. n. 25. this life, leaving Iohn Pipard his son and heir 37 years of age, of whom I shall say more when I come to Long-Compton.

This Iohn de Twyford made his residence here; as it seems (though Kirk-Langley in Derbyshire was his antient seat) for in 17 E. 2. I find Ex Coll. H. Ferrers. him amongst the List of those Knights and Men at Arms, whose names were then returned into the Chancery for this County. In whose family it continued till H. 7. time, that Thomas Twyford, having begun Inq. super de pop. 9. H. 8. & 3. E. 6. the depopulation thereof, in 4 H. 7. decaying 4 messuages, and 3 cottages, whereunto Clx acres of errable land belonged, sold Inq. super de pop. 9. H. 8. & 3. E. 6. it to Henry Smith Gentleman. Which Henry, follow­ing that example, in 9 H. 7. enclosed Inq [...] super de pop. 9. H. 8. & 3. E. 6. DCxl acres of land more, whereby 12 mess: and 4 cottages fell to ruine; and 80 persons there inhabiting, being employed about tillage and husbandry, were con­strained to depart thence and live miserably. By means whereof, the Church grew to such ruine, that it was of no other use than for the shelter of Cattle, being, with the Churchyard, wretchedly prophaned, to the evil example of others, as are the words of the Inquis: In which line of Smith it continued, till that Richard Smith, son and heir to Sir Walter, setled it with Shireford, as I have there declared; and since, hath it been possest by the owners of that Lordship.

The value of the Church, in an. 1291. 19 E. 1. was certified MS in Scac. at viii marks; and in MS penès S. Archer eq. aur. f. 39. a. 26 H. 8. at vi lib. over and above ix s. vi d. allowed for Sy­nodals and Procurations: there being antiently a pension Ex vet. exemplari penès Dec. & Cap. Lich. of x s. per annum payable out of it to the Monastery of Nun Eaton: but there is not now any part of the Church standing.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
Rad. fil. Nicholai.
Ric. Clericus,
Ex autog. penès Dec. & Cap. Lich.
33. H. 3.
D. Ioh. de Twyford, miles.
Magr. Will. de Langele, die domin: in festo S. Nich. 15 E. 2.
Northb. f. 1. a.
D. Ioh. de Twyford, miles.
Ioh. de Roderham Pbr. 17. Cal. Aug. 15 E. 3.
Ib. f. 37. b.
Rob. de Twyford.
Henr. de Stretton Cleric: 4 Cal. Aug. 23 E. 3.
Ib. f. 49. a.
D. Rob. de Twyford, miles.
Will. de Makworth Pbr. ult. Iunii, 4. R. 2.
Strett, f. 7 [...] b.
Rob. Twyford, domi­cellus.
Ioh. VVright Pbr. 25 Sept. 15 R. 2.
Sk. f. 6 [...] [...].
Rob. de Twyford, domicellus.
D. Thom. de Cowdale Pbr. 5 Febr. 1 H. 4.
Burgh. f. 6. b.
Rob. de Twyford.
Simon de Faresleye,
Ib. f. 11. [...].
7 Nov. 4. H. 4.
D. Rob. de Twyford miles, D. de Lang­ley.
Will. Cole Capell. 14 Febr. 7 H. 4.
Ib. f. 17. a.
Rob. Twyford ar. D. de Langley.
D. Will. Toneworth Pbr. 27 Aug. 10 H. 5.
Heyw. f. 10. a.
Rob. Twyford ar. D. de Langley.
Ioh. Staunton Pbr. 21 Maii, 7 H. 6.
Ib. f. 22. b.
Rob. Twyford ar. D. de Langley.
Ioh. Wormegay,
Ib. f. 33. a.
16 Iulii, 12 H. 6.
Rob. Twyford ar. D. de Langley.
Ioh. Bythebroke Pbr. 27. Sept. 21 H. 6.
Ib. f. 41. a.
Tho. Twyford ar.
Rob. Bulmer Pbr. 20 Febr. 26 H. 6.
Bo. f. 7. a.
D. Will. Blount mil.
D. Will. Atkynson Cap. 16 Iunii, 10 H. 8.
Bl. f. 8. a.
Ioh. Onley & Baldw. Porter generosi, ratione advoc: e­jusd: durante mi­nori aetate Walt. Smyth D. de Shir­ford.
D. Edw. Smyth Cler. 12. Iunii, 17 H. 8.
Ib. f. 11 [...] b.
Walt. Smith miles.
D. Ioh. Walker Cap. 3 Sept. 29 H. 8.
Ser. & P. f. 14. b.
Ric. Smyth ar.
Ric. Palmer,
Samps. & B. f. 44. [...].
10 Novemb. 12 Eliz.
[Page 35] Rich. Smyth de Shir­ford, ar.
Ib. f. 48. a.
Geo. Messenger Cler. 11. Apr. 23 Eliz.
Will. Welshe de Bur­bage in Com. Leic. ex concess: Ric. Smyth.
Bundell B.
VVill. Robynson Cler. 27. Sept. 24 Eliz.
Galfr. May de Sut­ton Cheyne in Com. Leic. gen.
Overton bund. B [...]
Galf. Amherst, 4 Apr. 1607.
Galfrid. Amherst, Cler.
Ric. Teynton in art. bacc. 4 Dec. 1609.


THis is now also a depopulated place, but had antiently a Chappel pertaining Rot. de Nonis garb. &c. in Scac. to Hink­ley in Leicostershire, whereof (doubtless) it was not long since a member, in regard it appears to be of the fee of Winchester (by reason of Quincy E. of Winchester's interest in the Honour of Lei­cester.)

As for the signification of the name, I shall re­fer you to the Gloss: of the learned Sir H. Spelman, where may be seen the various acceptions thereof; conceiving, that in this place it was first imposed, to express a certain quantity of Land sufficient for one Plough to manage. But the first mention that I have met with of it, is in 3 Ioh. where Will. Ma­reschall and Raph Mallore levyed a Fine of two yard Land here to the use of Richard fitz Robert. To which William succeeded Thomas, who in 55 H. 3. held Esc. 55. H. 3. half a Knights fee in this place and Eton (now Nun-Eaton) with Sapcote in Leicestershire. After which have I not seen any thing considerable relating thereto, till 20 E. 3. that William Moton answered Rot. pe­nès S. Clarke Bar. for the 8th part of a Knights fee here, held of the Honour of Win­chester; whose title therein divolved, as it seems, to Richard Grey of Codnoure, and Laurence Dut­ton: for in 11 R. 2. the half Knights fee before specified, lying here and in Eaton, was certified Esc. 11. R. 2. [...]. 26. to have been held by them of Henry Lord Fer­rers of Groby. From which time, till 1 Mariae, can I discover no more thereof; but then was it found, Esc. 1. M. that Sir Walter Smyth (of whom I have spoken in Shirford) dyed seized of the third part of this Mannour; As also 300 acres of pasture, 60 acres of meadow, and 2 s. rent lying here and in Hinkley, purchased of Iohn Leeke and Richard Astell, leaving Richard his son and heir 22 years of age: which Richard, in 35 Eliz. being possest Esc. 35. Eliz. of two parts, setled them upon William Littleton, in marriage with Margaret his daughter, in the same manner as he did Shirford (whereof I shall speak at large) since which it hath accompanyed the possession of that Lordship.


SOuthwards from Stretton, and adjoyning thereto, lyes Burton, antiently called Bur­ton-Hastings, by reason that the Hastings were sometime Lords thereof: which, with other Lands, whereof I shall make mention in their due places, being part Domes­day lib. of the possessions belonging to Siu­nard sirnamed Barn, a potent R. Hoved. p. 264.22. man in England before the Conquest, was, among other the distri­butions, which William the Conquerour made, given to Henry de Fereires, one of his Normans, (Progenitor to that great Family afterwards Earls of Derby) and contained then 4 hydes, having 2 mills belonging thereto: the value of the whole being certified at xl s. But in the general Survey it is written Bortone; howbeit in after times, Burthon, Burhton, Burugton, Burughton, and sometimes Burtone, from the old English word [...] and [...] (as I guess) signifying, with the Saxons, not onely a place fortified with some warlike rampier or wall, but that which had a kind of fence or closure about it: or else from [...], and then may it be colonorum villa.

In H. 2. time half this Town was Rot. ve­tust. penès Dec. & Cap. Lich. given to the Monastery of Nun-Eaton by Geffrey le Abbe and Emme his wife (it being of her inheritance) with the consent of Raph de Turvill and Richard le Abbe, heirs to the said Geffrey and Emme; and confirmed to them by the Charter of the same King: the residue, as it seems, coming soon after to the family of Hastings: for in 36 H. 3. it was certified, Testa de Nevill. that Henry de Hasteng held 1. Kts. fee here and in Shireford of the Earl Ferrers. And in Claus. 53. H. 3. in dorso, m. 8. 53 H. 3. upon the death of Henry de Ha­stings, amongst other Kts. fees assigned in dowry to Ioane his wife, there was one in this Burton, which Nich. de Turvile then held.

How or when Turviles interest passed away, I have not seen; but, in 9 E. 2. Iohn the son of Fouke de Orreby, having (as by his deed Ex autog. penès Tho. Cotton. Bar. he ex­presses) granted all his Lands which he had in the Village of Borghton to William de Herle and his heirs, paying to the said Iohn and his heirs 7 marks of silver yearly, at the feasts of Easter and St. Mi­chael the Archangel by equal portions, then re­leased to the said William all his title to that Rent of 7 marks, reserving 6 marks to be paid by the said William during the life of him the said Iohn; which release bears date at Stapleford in Cheshire, 9 R. 2. whereupon, the same year it was certified, Nom. vill. that the Prioress of Eton, and William de Herle were Lords of this place. Which William had issue Sir Robert de Herle Ex autog. penès G. Pudsey ar. Kt. assigned Pat. 18. E. 3. p. 2. m. 34. one of the Ju­stices for conservation of the peace in this County in 18 and 19 Pat. 19. E. 3. p. 1. m. 31. in dorso. E. 3. who gave Esc. 19. E. 3. n. 16. a messuage in Eaton to the Nuns there; and, in 21 E. 3. de­parted Esc. 21. E. 3. n. 44. this life, leaving his son Robert then 30 years of age: which Robert dyed Esc. 38. E. 3. n. 23. in 38 H. 3. without issue; whereupon Sir Raph Hastings Kt. son of Margaret, sister to the said Robert, became his next Ib. heir: which Sir Raph had issue Raph, that dyed Esc. 21. R. 2. 21 R. 2. leaving issue Raph, Richard, and Leonard. Of these, Raph the eldest, being attainted Rot. Parl. 11. H. 4. n. 42. for Treason, lost his head 20 Iul. 6 H. 4. forRec. de T. Hill. 14. H. 4. Rot. 14. Ehor. conspiring with Richard Scroop Archb. of Yorke, and others, against the King: but Ri­ch [...]rd his younger brother, a man of better affecti­on [...] to the Crown, had restitution Rot. Parl. ut supra. of his Lands; and, in 2 H. 5. underwent Rot. F. 2. H. 5. m. 26. the Shiriffalty for this County and Leicestershire. After which, viz. in 9 H. 5. he was retained Ex au­tog. penès Cler. Pell. by Indenture to serve the K. in his wars beyond Sea with 10 Men at Arms, and 30 Archers, taking 2 s. a day for his own wages, 1 s. for every of the said Men at Arms, and 6 d. for every Archer.

In 1, 5, and 11. H. 6. he had again the custody Rot. F. de iisdem ann. of those Counties. But, in Esc. 15. H. 6. n. 58. 15 H. 6. dyed, lea­ving Leonard his brother and heir xl years of age. Which Leonard, being also Shiriff Rot. F. [...]. H. 6. n. 14. for these Counties in 32 H. 6. departed Esc. 34. H. 6. this world in 34. [Page 36] leaving William his son and heir, afterwards Lord Chamberlain to K. Edw. 4. and erected Pat. 1. E. 4. m. 25. to the degree of a Baron by the same King; as also made Master-worker Pat. 4. E. 4. p. 2. m. 16. of the K. Moneys, both Gold and Silver; and Keeper of all manner his eschange and interchange in the Tower of London, Ireland, and Caleys. This is he whom Ric. D. of Glouc. (afterwards Kning, by the name of Ric. 3.) cau­sed to be pull'd from the Councel Table, in the Tower, and immediatly beheaded upon a peice of Timber within the walls of that place, as our Hi­storians do manifest: But he had a more honou­rable burial, viz. in the Chapel of St. George at Windsor, by the appointment of his last Will and Testament Logg. Q [...] 10., and in a place assigned for that purpose by K. E. 4. in his life time; where is a fair Monument erected over him by his Executors, for the making whereof he bequeathed an hundred marks.

To whom succeeded Edward Esc. 1. R. 3. his son and heir, stiled Lord Hastings and Hungerford; who by his TestamentBenet Q. 37. in 22 H. 7. bequeathed his body to be buried in the Colledge at Windsor, near his Fa­thers Tombe; and left issue George Lord Hastings: which George was afterwards created Mich. R. 25. H. 8. Rot. 21. Earl of Huntington, 8 Dec. 21 H. 8. and sold Ex relat: Th. Cot­ton bar. this Man­nour to Thomas Harvey Esq (a rich Merchant) who, by his last Will and Testament MS penès S. Archer, eq. aur. f. 13. b., bequeathed it, together with one messuage lying in Wodcote in this County, to the use of 3 Priests, during xxi years, to keep an Obit for his soul. After which time it returned to his four daughters and heirs; whereof Lucie, the youngest, was married to Tho­mas Cotton of Connington in Com. Hunt. Esq (formerly in ward to the said Thomas Harvey.) Upon partition of whose Lands, this (inter alia) being alotted to her, is descended to Sir Thomas Cotton, now of Connington Bt. (great Grandchild to that Thomas.) Unto whom, for his singular fa­vours in most freely communicating to me many rarities out of that inestimable Library, which with great cost were gathered by his worthy Father, and with no less care preserved by himself, I stand highly obliged.

After the dissolution of the Abbyes, that part of this Lordship, with the Rectory, belonging to the Monastery of Nun Eaton, was granted Pat. 32. H. 8. p. 3. unto Sir Marmaduke Constable Kt. together with the site of that Religious House, and divers other Lands: but since, by purchase, is come to Iohn Hele Esq

The Church, being granted Ex vet: membr: pe­nès Dec. & Cap. Lich., very antiently, to the Monastery of Nun Eaton, was also appro­priated Burgh. f. 166. b. thereto; and in an. 1291. 19 E. 1. va­lued Cod. MS in Scac. at 7 marks and a half: but in MS penès S. Archer, eq. aur. f. 39. a. 26 H. 8. at 4 l, 14 s. 2 d. over and above ix s. vi d. for Pro­curations and Synodals, being not a Presentative, but the Cure served by a Stipendiary; in which Church are neither Arms nor Monuments.


FRom Burton-Hastings, towards the South, lyeth Shirford, whereof there now remains nothing but part of the antient Mannour-house. This place may seem to have taken its name from the Forde or Passage over that little Torrent, which runs on the West part thereof towards Nun-Eaton, as the Map will shew; Shirs signifying Lel. I [...]in. vol. 3. f. 91. clear, and in that sense we still use the word upon some occasions.

As it lyes within the Parish of Burton-Ha­stings, so was it antiently a member thereof, and held likewise of Ferrers: but the first mention that I find of it, is in H. 2. time, where Raph the son of Robert de Chartres (a man in some emi­nency at that time, as I apprehend by the stile of his Deed) confirms Ex autog. penès Ric. Newdigate ar. unto the Canons of Erdbury (in this County) a yard Land lying in Sireford; for so is it there written: and, by the consent of Richard his son, granted unto them ten acres more in pure alms. Amongst the Witnesses to which Deed were Randolfe Truwe, and William his son. Not long after which time, viz. about the begin­ning of H. 3. reign at the farthest, certain Lands there were given Regist. de Cumba, f. 89. b. to the Monks of Combe by Thomas Trove, who stiles himself in his Grant, Dominus de Schireford. From which Thomas, as I guess, did descend Iohn de Shireford; who, in 20 E. 3. with Robert de Herle, answered Rot. penès S. Clark [...] bar. for half a Knights fee in Broughton and Shirford, then held of the Honour of Tutbury.

This Iohn de Shirford was also Lord of the moytie of the Mannour of Church-waver; but, leaving no issue male, these his Lands divolved to the family of Purefey, Margaret his Daughter ta­king to Husband Philip Purefey of Munsterton in Leicestershire: In whose line this Mannour of Shireford continued till H. 8. time, being their principal seat in this County.

  • Will. Purefey de Munsterton, temp. E. 1. & E. 2.
    • Philippus Purefey 3, & 48, E. 3. - Margareta filia & haeres Joh. de Shirford.
      • Will. Purefey, 6, & 21, R. 2.
        • Will. Purefey, 21. R. 1. 1. H. 5. - Margareta filia Will. Chetwin de Ingestre mil. 21. R. 2.
          • Will. Purefey, obiit 6. E. 4. - Mariana filia & haeres Alani Alott de Shalston in Com. Buck.
            • Philippus Purefey, obiit 8. E. 4. - Isabella, nupta Joh. Denton, 12. E. 4.
              • Joh. obiit sine prole.
              • Nich obiit s. p.
              • Will. obiit s. p.
            • Joh. Purefey, 12. E. 4.
              • Nich. Pure­fey, qui vendidit M. de Shirford, temp. H. 8.
      • Thomas Purefey Legis-peri­rus, & de consilio Ric. de Bellocampo, Warwici Co­mitis. 6. H. 5.

Which Philip was son Ex autog. penès Com. Denbigh, to W. Purefey of Mun­sterton, who bore Ib. for his Arms, upon a fesse be­twixt 3 pair of gantlets, handing each other, 3 martlets: and, being learned in the Laws, be­came Steward Regist. de Cumba, f. 215. b. to Raph Earl Stafford for holding his Courts; as also a Justice of Pat. ab an. 38. us (que) 48. E. 3. in dorso. Peace in this County, from the 38, till the last of E. 3. reign. He had issue William and Thomas: which Will. in 14 R. 2. had licence Scrope. f. 127. b. granted to him by Ric. Scroope, B. of Cov. and Lich. to have an Oratory or private Chappel, in his house here at Schire­ford; being also in Commission Pat. de iisdem ann. in dorso. of the peace in this County, from the 6, to the 20 of K. R. 2. reign (viz. Pat. de iisdem ann. in dorso. 13, 14, 17, and 20.) But Thomas was train'd up to study the Laws; and, in 8 R. 2. had an annuity Ex Coll. W. Bur­ton. of xx s. granted to him by Sir Iohn Warren Kt. with a Robe aad Hood of the better sort, of that sute which he gave to the rest of [Page 37] his Esquires, to be yearly paid him out of the Mannour of Rotley, pro consilio suo impenso & impendendo. He was also in Commission Pat. de iisdem ann. in dorso. for con­servation of the peace in this County, from the 13 of R. 2. till 6 H. 5. and had a memorable Grant from Iohn de Whellesburgh of the inheri­tance in reversion of Fenny Drayton and Whel­lesburgh, two good Mannours in Leicestershire; whereby the same Iohn did also pass his Arms to be born by him the said Thomas, his heirs and as­signs, as entirely as he himself or his Ancestours had born them; all which appears by the Deed Ex au­tog. penès Geo. Pure­sey ar. sealed with his Seal of Arms, and bearing date at Fenny-Drayton 21 R. 2. which Arms, viz. Or, 3 piles gules, and upon a Canton arg: a mullet Sable, have ever since been born by his Descen­dants, quarterly with their own.

This Mannour continued to William, son and heir of the last mentioned William, who marryed Ex autog penès Wal. Chetwyn, ar. Margaret the daughter to Sir William Chet­wynd Kt. in 21 R. 2. Which William, in 6 H. 4. was joyned in Commission Rot. F. 6. H. 4. m. 6. amongst others to treat with the people about a loan of Money for the K. special service, and rested in Commission for the peace in this Shire from Pat. 8. H. 4. p. 1. in dorso. m. 38 8 H. 4. till Pat. 1. H. 5. p. 1. in dorso, m. 35 1 H. 5. But how long he lived, I find not; for the name of William holding on to his Posterity, doth so confound the descent, as that without more par­ticular light than I have yet had, I must onely by circumstances distinguish them: which I presume is here right enough done: for the next mention of them, that I meet with, is in 10 H. 6. where VVilliam Purefey of Shirford is certified Rot. in Scac. penès Remem. R. to hold the Mannour of Wover (now Church-Over) in this County, whereof I have already spoke. This is that VVilliam, who marryed Ex Coll. W. Burton Mariana the daughter to Alan Ayott of Shalston in Com. Buck. and in 12 H. 6. when all the men of note through England were sworn to observe divers Articles agreed on in the Parliament then held, is recorded, Pat. 12. H. 6. p. 2. m. 25. amongst others in this County, having then his residence here at Shirford.

In 19 H. 6. he had Commission Pat. 19. H. 6. p. 1. In dorso m. 20. to treat for another loan: and was a Justice of Peace from Pat. de iisdem ann. In dorso. the 18, to the 24 of H. 6. In Rot. f. 26. H. 6. m. 10. 26 H. 6. he had the Shiriffalty of these Counties; and dyed Esc. 6. E. 4. n. 5. in 6 E. 4. leaving issue Philip Esc. 6. E. 4. n. 5. his son and heir 24 years of age, with Iohn Claus. 12. E. 4. In dorso m. 21. a younger son. Which Philip in 8 E. 4. being in Commission Rot. f. 8. E. 4. m. 14. for the assessing of two fifteens, and two tenths in this County, then granted to the K. in Parliament, dyed Esc. 8. E. 4. n. 29. Godin Qu. 31. the same year, seized, inter alia, of this Mannour; and was buried Esc. 8. E. 4. n. 29. Godin Qu. 31. in the Church of St. Iames at Badsley-Clinton, as by his Testa­ment he directed; leaving issue Esc. 8. E. 4. n. 29. Godin Qu. 31. Iohn, Nicholas, and VVilliam. Of these three, Nicholas Claus. 12. E. 4. In dorso m. 21. was the last that survived; but all of them dyedClaus. 12. E. 4. In dorso m. 21. without issue: and therefore Nicholas Pat. 6. H. 7. m. 2., son to Iohn their Uncle, became heir to the estate, being then in ward to the King for this inheritance. Of whom I find nothing further memorable, than, that he was Ex autog. penès G. Purefey de Wadley. ar. of Shalston in Buckinghamshire, and sold Esc. 1. M. F. levat. T. Mich. 37. H. 8. this Mannour of Shirford to Henry Smyth Esq the principal branch of his descendants having for the most part resided ever since at Drayton in Lescestershire (whereof George Purefey Esq son and heir of George, by Mary one of the daughters and co-heirs to Sir Valentine Knightley, is still Lord, though his seat be at Wadley in Berks.)

Which H. Smyth being son to Iohn, a wealthy Citizen of Coventre, (of whom in Nether-Flet­chamsted I have spoke) bore so great a love to that City, that he contributed Pat. 23. H. 7. p. 2. to the purchase of 50 l. lands per annum, for the maintenance of one Priest, 12 poor men, and one woman in the Gild of the holy Trinity, St. Iohn Baptist, and St. Katherine, there situate. And was in Commission for conser­vation of the peace from Pat. de iisdem ann. in dorso. the 17 of H. 7. till his death: as also for Goal-delivery in 17, Pat. 17. H. 7. p. 2. in dorso, m. 4. and 23, Pat. 23. H. 7. p. 1. in dorso, m. 20. H. 7. And had issue Sir VValter Smyth Kt. whose Murther here at Shirford by his own Lady, assisted with two servants, and the circumstances con­ducing thereto (which are very memorable) I shall here briefly set Ex relat. Johannis Smyth de Crabbet in Com. Suss. eq. aur. & Ric. Wal­lop de Bugbroke in Com, Northamp. avunculi ejusdem Joh. forth.

This Sir VValter, being grown an aged man at the death of his first wife, considering of a marriage for Richard his son and heir, then at mans estate, to that end made his mind known to Mr Thomas Chetwin of Ingestre in Staffordshire (a Gentle­man of an antient family and fair estate) who, entertaining the motion in behalf of Dorothy, one of his daughters, was contented to give 500 l. portion with her. But no sooner had the old Knight seen the young Lady, than that he became a sutor for himself, being so captivated with her beauty, that he tendred as much for her, besides a good joyn­ture, as he should have received in case the match had gone on for his son. Which liberal offer so wrought upon Mr Chetwyn, as that he spared not for arguments to perswade his daughter to accept of Sir VValter for her husband. Whereupon the marriage ensued accordingly; but with what a tragique issue, will quickly be seen: For it was not long, ere that her affections wandring after younger men, she gave entertainment to one Mr VVilliam Robinson (then of Drayton-Basset, a young Gentleman of about Esc. 2. Eliz. 22 years of age) son Esc. 2. Eliz. to George Robinson a rich Mercer of London: and grew so impatient at all impediments, which might hinder her full enjoyment of him, that she rested not till she had contrived a way to be rid of her husband. For which purpose corrupting her waiting Gentlewoman, and a Groom of the stable, she resolved by their help, and the assistance of Robinson, to strangle him in his bed, appointing the time and manner how it should be effected: And, though Robinson failed in coming on the de­signed night (perhaps through a right apprehension of so direfull a fact) she no whit staggered in her resolutions: for watching her husband till he was fallen asleep, she then let in those assasinates be­fore specified; and, casting a long towell about his neck, caused the Groom to lye upon him to keep him from struggling, whilst her self and the maid, straining the towell, stopt his breath.

It seems the good old man little thought that this his Lady had acted therein: for when they first cast the towell about his neck, he cryed out, help Doll help! But, having thus dispatcht the work, they carryed him into another room where a close stool was plac'd, upon which they set him; and, after an hour, that the Maid and Groom were silently got away, to palliate the business, she made an outcry in the house, wringing her hands, pulling her hair, and weeping extreamly; with pretence, that missing him for some time out of bed, she went to see what the matter was, and found him accidentally in that posture. Which subtill and feigned shews of sorrow, prevented all suspi­cion of his violent death: and, not long after, went to London, setting so high a value upon her beauty, that Robinson, her former darling (perhaps [Page 38] for not keeping touch with her, as before hath been said) became neglected. But, within two years following, it so hapned, that this wofull deed of darkness was brought to light by the groom before specified; who, being entertained with Mr Richard Smyth, son and heir to the murthered Knight; and attending him to Coventre with divers other servants, became so sensible of his vil­lany, when he was in his cups, that out of good nature, he took his Master to a side, and upon his knees besought forgiveness from him for acting in the murther of his Father, declaring all the cir­cumstances thereof. Whereupon Mr Smyth dis­creetly gave him good words, but wisht some o­thers, that he trusted, to have an eye to him, that he might not escape when he had slept and better considered what might be the issue thereof. Not­withstanding which direction, he fled away with his Masters best Horse; and, hasting presently in­to Wales, attempted to go beyond Sea: but be­ing hindred by contrary winds, after three essays to lanch out, was so happily pursued by Mr Smyth, who spared for no cost in sending to several Ports, that he was found out and brought Prisoner to Warwick, as was also the Lady and her Gentle­woman, all of them, with great boldness, denying the fact; and the Groom most impudently char­ging Mr Smyth, with endeavour of corrupting him to accuse the Lady (his mother in-law) falsly, to the end he might get her joyncture: But upon his arraignment so smitten was he at apprehension of the guilt [...] that he publickly acknowledged it, and stoutly justified what he had so said to be true to the face of the Lady and her Maid; who, at first, with much seeming confidence, pleaded their in­nocency, till at length, seeing the particular cir­cumstances thus discovered, they both confessed the fact: For which, having judgement to dye, the Lady was burnt at a Stake near the Hermitage on Wolvey-heath (towards the side of Shirford Lordship) where the Country people to this day shew the place: and the Groom with the Maid suffred death at Warwick. This was about the third year of Q. Mary's reign, it being May 15. 1 Mariae, that Sir Walter's murther Esc. 1. M. so hapned.

To whom succeeded the before specified Ri­chard, his son and heir; who was strangely jug­gled out of a fair inheritance, this Lordship being part; the manner Ex relatu praefati Joh. Smyth ar. whereof, considering what success hath attended it, is not unworthy the re­lation.

This Richard, having but one onely daughter, called Margaret, by his first wife; and doubting of issue male, treated with Sir Iohn Littleton of Frankley in Worcestershire, for a marriage be­twixt his said daughter, and William Littleton, third son to the said Sir Iohn: In consideration whereof, he agreed to settle all his lands, in re­mainder, after his own decease without other issue, upon the said William and Margaret, and the heirs of their two bodies lawfully begotten; but, for lack of such issue, to return to his own right heirs. And having Writings drawn accordingly [...] trusted the said Sir Iohn Littleton to get them in­grossed. Which being effected, and a day appoint­ed for sealing, Mr Smyth came over to Frankley, where he found very noble entertainment, and some of Sir Iohn's friends to bear him company, in whose presence the Writings were brought forth, and begun to be read: but before they came to the uses, stept in Sir Iohn Littleton's keeper in a sweat, and told them, that there were a brace of Bucks at lare in the Park, which carryed a glass in their tails for Mr Smyth's Dogs to look in (for he loved coursing well, and had his Greyhounds there) but, if they made not hast, those market people, which passed through the Park, would undoubtedly rouse them. Whereupon Sir Iohn Littleton earnestly moved Mr Smyth to seal the Writings without further reading; protesting, that they were ac­cording to the draughts he had seen, and without any alteration. Which bold asleverations, putting him out of all suspicion of sinister dealing, caused him forthwith to seal them, and to go into the Park.

Hereupon the two Children (for they were not above ix years old a peice) were marryed together, and lived in the house with Sir Iohn. But so it hapned, that, about six years after, the young man dyed by a fall from a Horse; insomuch as Mr Smyth, considering that his daughter had no issue, resolved to take her away, and signified as much to Sir Iohn; who, designing to marry her again to George, his second son, refused to deliver her; till which time Mr Smyth never suspected any thing in the Deed formerly so sealed, as hath been said: But then, upon difference betwixt him and Sir Iohn, it appeared, that for want of issue by the before specified William and Margaret, the lands were to divolve unto the right heirs of the said William, which was Gilbert Littleton his eldest brother, contrary to the plain agreement at first made. To make short therefore; VVilliam, the youngest son, marryed her; George, the second, enjoy'd her; and Gilbert, the eldest, had the e­state, as heir to his brother: Which, descending to Iohn his son, was kept from Mr Smyth the true heir, with whom he had great suits in Law; and at length by his attainder Deci. of the Pract. of Ro. E. of Essex and his com­plices Impr. Lond. 1601. for adhering to Robert E. of Essex in 42 Eliz. came to the Crown [for he Deci. of the Pract. of Ro. E. of Essex and his com­plices Impr. Lond. 1601. was drawn into that Treason, as being a man much respected for his wit and valour by those Con­spirators, and dyed in Prison.] After which, King Iames, at his first coming to the Crown of Eng­land, being petitioned by Muriel the widow to the said Iohn for restitution of his lands; well weigh­ing how popular a man the Earl of Essex was, and so consequently all those that took part with him were lookt on by the Vulgar, unto whom an Act of Mercy could not but be, especially at his first entrance, very gratefull, yeilded to her re­quest; and by his Letters pat. made a grant of them to her. Whereupon, she still doubting more trouble by suits with Mr Smyth, sold them away to Sergeant Hele, a great Lawyer: who likewise considering upon what foundation Littleton's title was at first built, to the end that it might the better be defended, disposed of them to his 5 sons, viz. Sir VVarwick Hele and Sir Francis (both Knights) Nicholas, VValter, and George: But such is the fate that follows these possessions, that for want of a publick adversary, these brothers are now at suit amongst themselves for them.

And, as none of the line of Gilbert Littleton before specified (to whom they so descended by force of the before specified conveyance) doth en­joy a foot of them: so is it no less observable, that the son and heir of George by the same Mar­garet (so marryed as I have declared) viz. Stephen Littleton of Holbeach in Worcestershire, was at­tended with a very hard fate, being one of the Gunpowder Conspirators in 3 Iac. for which he [Page 39] lost his life and estate, as is very well known.

Bulkinton [...]

SOuthwards from hence lyes Bulkinton, which is a large Parish, containing these Hamlets, viz. Weston in Arden, Ryeton, Bramcote, Wol­vershill, Merston-Iabet, and Bernacle; of which in their order.

In the Conquerours dayes, this was certified Domes­day lib. to be in the possession of the Earl of Mellent, and held then by Salo his under-tenant; at which time it contained 4 hydes and one vir­gat of land, being valued at xx s. and written Bo­chintone.

That Ernald de Boys was Steward to Rob. Bossu E. of Leic. I have already taken notice in Clifton; but whether this place descended to him as heir to Robert de Watervill, his Uncle Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton f. 28. a.: or whether he were enfeofft thereof immediatly by the said Earl, I cannot say; nevertheless that he succeeded Wa­tervill as heir, is most probable: for it appears Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 30. a., that Roger de Watervill, brother of Robert, gave the Church to the Abby of Leicester, upon, or near the time of that Monastery its foundation, which was in an. 1143. (8 Steph.) To which Church were then belonging Ib. two yard land, called the glebe; with the Chappels of Bernangle; Weston, Ryton, Merston, Schelton, Ansty, and Bram­cote: all which, except Schelton and Ansty, do yet continue of this Parish: for in those dayes it was seldome seen, that the possession of the Mannour and patronage of the Church were in several hands before such perpetual advousons were given to the Monks. Which Ernauld con­firmed Pat. 12. E. 2. p. 1. m. 18. the said grant of Roger de Watervile: so also did Ib. his descendants, the 3 succeeding Er­nalds.

In 13 E. 1. Iohn de Boys, son to the last Er­nald, claimed Rot. de Quo warr. 13. E. 1. a Court-Leet, Gallows, power to punish the breakers of the Assize of Bread and Ale: as also Weyfs; and to be discharged of the common amerciaments of the County. All these, I say, he claimed then by prescription in this his Mannour of Bulkinton, Weston, and Ryton, with Free-warren here by grant to Ernald his fa­ther, which were allowed. To whom succeeded William his brother and heir, (as in Clifton is manifested.) Which William setled F. levat. xv. Mich. 21. E. 1. this Mannour, with divers other, upon himself for life; and af­terwards upon VVilliam de la Zuche and Maud his wife, and the heirs of the same VVilliam and Maud; and for lack of such issue, to the said Maud, and the heirs of her body; the remainder to his right heirs. Which Maud was heir to the above mentioned VVilliam de Bosco, as the descent in Clifton sheweth.

In the line of Zuche [whose chief seat was at Haringworth in Northamptonshire, by inheri­tance Cart. Antiq. PP. [...]. 69. from Milesent de Cantilupe] it continued for divers generations.

  • Esc. 39. H. 3.
    Guliel. de Cantilupo obiit 39. H. 3.
    • Rot. F. 1. E. 1. m. 3.
      Georg. de Cantilupo obiit sine prole.
    • Esc 1. E. 1. n. 16.
      Johanna so­ror & co­haeres, ux. Henrici de Hastings.
    • .... de Monte alto. 1. mari­tus. -
      Esc 1. E. 1. n. 16.
      Milisenta altera­sororum & co­haeredum, de­functa 27 E. 1. -
      Rot. F. 2. E. 1. m. 29.
      Eudo la Zuche 2. E. 1.
      • Rot. F. 27. E. 1. m. 21.
        Will. la Zuche filius & haeres obiit
        Esc. 26. E. 3. n. 50.
        10. Martii, 26 E. 3. -
        E Cod. MS. penès H. Com. Stanf.
        Matilda filia & haeres Joh. Lovel, mil. & Isabellae ux. ejus, sororis & haere­dis Will. de Bosco.
        • Esc. 26. E. 3. n. 50.
          Eudo de la Zuche, obiit vita patris.
          • Esc. 26. E. 3. n. 50.
            Will. la Zuche, aetat. 30. an. ad mortem avi. obiit
            Esc. 5. R. 2. n. 62.
            5. R. 2.
            • Esc. 5. R. 2. n. 62.
              Will. la Zuche, aetat. 40. an. 5. R. 2. obiit
              Esc. 3. H. 5. n. 46.
              3. H. 5.
              • Esc. 3. H. 5. n. 46.
                Will. la Zuche, aetat. 13. an. 3. H. 5. obiit
                Esc. 8. E. 4. n. 53.
                8. E. 4.
                • Esc. 8. E. 4. n. 53.
                  Joh. dom. Zousche, aetat. 8. an. 8. E. 4. attinctus
                  Rot. Parl. 1. H. 7. m. 6.
                  in Parl. 7. Nov. 1. H. 7.
                  • Rot. Cur.
                    Joh. Zouche, fil. & haeres 23. H. 7.
                    • Lib. 3. cedul.
                      Ric. dom. Zouche.
                      • Lib. 3. cedul.
                        Geo. dom. Zouche, plenae aetat. 6. E. 6. obiit
                        Lib. 4. cedul.
                        19. Junii, 19. Eliz.
                        • Lib. 4. cedul.
                          Edw. fil. & haeres, accrevit plenam aetatem, 6. Junii, 19. Eliz.

In 7 E. 2. the K. granted Cart. 7. E. 2. n. 27. Free-warren to the before specified VVilliam and Maud his wife, in their demesn lands here at Bulkinton, We­ston, Riton, Brancote, and Wolfarshull, all in this Parish. But afterwards do I meet with no­thing more of that family, relating to this place, further than their dying seized thereof, till Edward, the principal male branch of those Barons; who, wasting that great Patrimony, descended to him from his Fore-fathers, sold this Lordship, with the rest of the Hamlets in this Parish, to Humfry Davenport Esq and one Richard Bucknam Gent. Which Humfrey and Richard past the one moytie thereof to Sir Christopher Yelverton Kt. one of the Justices of the K. Bench (temp. Iac. R.) whose Grandchild Sir Chr. Yelverton of East-Neston in Com. Northampt. Kt. of the Bath, now enjoys it. And the other moytie to George Purefey, fifth son to Michael Purefey of Caldecote Esq: which George had issue Gamaliel Purefey, who sold it to Anthony Stoughton now of St. Iohns in Warwick Esq the present owner thereof.

The Church (dedicated to St. Iames, being granted to the Abby of Leicester (as I have all­ready shew'd) was antiently appropriated to that Monastery: and, upon the endowment of the Vi­caridge, a pension of xxvi s. viii d. per annum, was reserved Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 30. a. out of the same.

In an. 1291. 19. E. 1. the Rectory was va­lued E Cod. MS in Scac. at xxvi marks; and the Vicaridge at E Cod. MS in Scac. 11 marks: But in 26 H. 8. I find the Vica­ridge rated Ms penès S. A. eq: aur. f. 38. b. at vi lib. x sol. vi d. over and [Page 40] above ix s. vi d. allowed for Synodals and Procu­rations,

Which Rectory, being in the Crown, as parcell of the possessions belonging to the dissolved Mo­nastery of Leicester, was granted Pat. 33. Eliz. p. 5. by Q. Eliz. in 33 of her reign, to the Free-school of Upping­ham in Com. Rutland.

Patroni Vicariae.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Ex autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich. Langt. f. 7. b.
Warinus de Swanington Pbr. an. 1258.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Rob. de Bengrave. 5. Id. Dec. 1305.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Northb. f. 20. a.
Ioh. Bernard Pbr. 4. Non. Apr. 1326:
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Stret. f. 8. b.
Dom. Ric. de Chedle. 4. Id. Aug. 1361.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Heyw. f. 21. a.
Will. Granger Pbr. 26. Mar­tii. 1428.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Ib. f. 24. b.
Ric. Wylkyns Pbr. 21. Iulii, 1430.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Ib. f. 41. b.
Hen. Awbell Pbr. 20. Aug. 1443.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Ib. f. 42. b.
Tho. Sawnder Pbr. 8. Dec. 1444.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Ib. f. 43. a.
Tho. Hille Pbr. 17. Febr. 1444.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Bo. f. 8. b.
Will. Gregg Pbr. 13. Aug. 1449.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Bowl. f. 9. b.
Ioh. Webbe, Cap. 22. Mar­tii. 1453.
Abb. & Conv. de Leic.
Bl. f. 11. b.
D. Tho. Lyndon, Cap. 11. Apr. 1525.
H. 8. Rex Angliae, ratione dissolut. Abb. Leic.
S [...]r & P. f. 17. b.
D. Tho. Mower. Cap. 4. Sept. 1540.
Hen. Waver de Co­ventre, Mercer.
Samps. & [...]. f. 9. b.
Will. Smyth Cler. 12. Maii, 1557.
Hen. Waver de Co­ventre, Mercer.
Ib. f. 11. a.
Ric. Briscow Cler. 6. Dec. 1557.
Hen. Waver de Co­ventre, Mercer.
Ib. f. 30. a.
Edw. Iurdayne Cler. 2. Iu­nii, 1561.
Ric. Waver, alias Over.
Ib. f. 46. b.
Walt. Enderby, 6. Aug. 1575.
Geo. Belgrave de Belgrave in Com. Leic. ar.
Overton bund. C.
Henr. Bradshaw, Cler.

Weston in Arden.

THis, taking its name from the Western situa­tion from Bulkinton, was also, in the Conq. daies, in the possession on the Earl of Mellent, and then certified to contain two hydes, which were valued at xl sol. Since which time the possession thereof hath gone along with Bulkinton, till now: therfore shall I not need to make instance by par­ticular proofs; in regard, that all those Records, that I have made use of for Bulkinton, do mani­fest the same. Yet, because there are some things peculiar hereunto onely, I shall in their order take notice of them: amongst which this is not the least observable; that of all these places in the Parish of Bulkinton, it hath not onely the prio­rity in rank, where they are mentioned together in the Records: but even Bulkinton it self, with the rest, are accounted as members of it; the reason whereof can be no other, than, that the Lord of them all had his Mannour-house here, where the Leet being kept, not onely the Inhabitants of the other Villages met; but from other places, both in this County and Leicestersh. which were the Lord Zouches lands, viz. Clifton, Browns-over, Wyhto [...]t, Bulkinton and Ry [...]on, in Com. Warr; with Ulsthorpe, Elmesthorpe, and Cley­brooke in Leicestersh. as by Court-Rolls in H. 6. time I have seen.

Upon the death of the last Ernald de Boys, 5 E. 1. it was found Esc. 5. E. 1. n. 9., that this Mannour was by him held in capite of the heirs of the Earl of Winchester (in right of their partage in the Ho­nour of Leicester) paying yearly unto them one Hound called a Brache, and seven pence in money for all services.

Afterwards, scil. in 7 E. 2. Will. la Zuche and Maud his wife had Free-warren granted to them here and in divers other places, (as in Bulkinton hath been said.) Which Will. in 19 E. 3. had li­cence Pat. 19. E. 3. p. 1. m. 19. for amortizing of 8 Messuages, 9 yard land and a half, and xxx s. annual Rent, with the ap­purtenances, lying in Cleybroke and Leyre (in Com. Leic.) this Weston in Arden, Merston-Iabet, Coton, and Ryton juxta Bulkinton, (Com. Warr.) for the maintenance of two Priests to sing Mass daily in the Chappel of our Lady within this his Mannour of Weston, for the good estate of himself, whilst he lived, and for the health of his soul after he should depart this world; as also for the soul of William Danet; and for the souls of the father and mother, with the ancestours and heirs of the said Will. la Zuche and Will. Da­net, and of all the faithfull deceased. Concerning which Chantry, the B. of Cov. and Lich. upon his Ordination Northb. f. 121. a. thereof, the next ensuing year, thus declared; That there having been a Chappel of the blessed Virgin Mary within this Mannour of Weston, and therein divine service celebrated time out of mind; which, being grown ruinous, was then newly fallen down, Sir Will. la Zuche of Haringworth Kt. had rebuilt the same with a fair fabrick, in honour of the said blessed Virgin, for the good estate of himself; as also of Sir Will. la Zuche of Totenes, and the Lady Eliz. his wife, with their children during this life; and af­terwards for the health of their souls, and for the souls of Will. de Boys, Sir Eudo la Zuche, Meli­sent de Montalt, Maud la Zuche, Elene la Zuche, and their children departed this life: And for the souls of Will. Danet and Richard Dobyn, and other Benefactors, with all the faithfull deceased.

But, whereas the first licence for amortizing the lands before mentioned was for two Priests (as I have said) it seems the said Sir VVill. la Zuche chang'd his purpose: for I find, that in 21 E. 3. he had the K. licence Pat. 21. E. 3. p. 1. m. 26. for the alteration thereof for one Priest onely, so that the said Priest might have another under him for performance of that service.

Belonging to the Lord Zouch his Mannour-house here, there was antiently a Park, as it seems: for, in 46 E. 3. Sir VVill. la Zuche had licence Esc. 46. E. 3. n. 23. Pat. 47. E. 3. p. 1. m. 9. to turn a way for the enlargement thereof: How­beit, in 10 H. 6. where VVill. Lord Zouch was certifiedRot. in Scac. penès Remem. R. to hold this Mannour, it is called We­ston-Arnold, for distinction from the other We­stons in this County, in regard that Arnold de Boys had antiently been owner thereof.

But after the attainder of Iohn Lord Zouch, in 1 H. 7. the K. granted Pat. 3. H. 7. p. 2. m. 9. it to Sir Iames Blount, and to the heirs males of his body: nevertheless, it seems, that the family of Zouch afterwards re­gain'd it: for in 6 E. 6. George Lord Zouch was possest Lib. 3. cedul. thereof, and dyed Lib. 4. cedul. seized of it, 19 Iunii, 19 Eliz. leaving Edward his son and heir, who sold it to Humphrey Davenport Esq. and Richard Bucknam, with Bulkinton and other lands; by [Page 42] which means it came to Sir Christopher Yelverton Kt. of the Bath, and Anthony Stoughton Esq the present Lords thereof, as Bulkinton did.

A Tradition there is, that one of the Lord Zouches, who much affected to reside here, and wanting sufficient mowing ground for his use, upon a time invited the Free-holders of Bulkin­ton to his house; and welcoming them with very good entertainment, proposed the purchasing of their several doles in a fair large meadow, which lay fitly for him; All which assented, except one Rogers. Whereupon the rest urging him to do as they had done, the Lord Zouch said, Let the Churle alone with his peice; And so, to this day, the posterity of the said Rogers continue possest thereof, it being called the Churles peice.

Rieton juxta Bulkinton.

THE first mention that I find of this place, is in that grant Reg. Abb. de Leic. f. 35. a. in bibl. Cot­ton. of the Tithes thereof to the Abby of Leicester, as a member of the Parish of Bulkinton; viz. when the Church of Bulkinton was first given thereto by Roger de Watervile, of which I have already spoken: but that it was and is a member of Bulkinton, or rather Weston, where the Lord had his seat, all the testimonies from Record, which I have produced before, do manifest; and therefore I shall not need to say any more thereof.


THis place, in the Conq. time, contained Domesday lib. two hydes, whereof one and a half then belonged to Earl Alberie, of whom I have made mention in Clifton: and the other half hyde to Ric. Fore­starius, of whom I shall speak in Chesterton. But, before the Conquest, one Salo was owner Domesday lib. of that, which Earl Alberic had, being the same man that afterwards held Bulkintone of the Earl of Mellent. The other half hyde one Sexi pos­sest Domesday lib.. It is there Domesday lib. written Brancote; perhaps from Bran, the Saxon, and coit or coed, the Bri­tish word, which signifie the burnt wood.

That the inheritance of this Village was as an­tiently in Watervile, as any of those before spe­cified were, I am induced to believe: for Roger de Watervile gave Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton. f. 28. a. six yard land and the Mill here to the Abby of Leicester, by the consent of Robert Earl of Leicester his Lord (and Founder of that Monastery) which grant was afterwards confirm­ed Reg. Abb. de Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton. f. 28. a. by Arnold de Boys, his Nephew, and all the rest of the succeeding Arnolds. Yet, in an Inspex. Pat. 22. E. 2. p. 1. m. 18. made by Thomas Earl of Lanc. whereby he re­cites divers grants to the Canons of Leic. and a­mongst those, the same yard land in Bramcote, he declares it to have been given to them by Gef­frey le Abbe, of whom I had occasion to make mention in Burton-Hastings: and, together with his confirmation thereof, ratifies Ib. also the gift of two yard land more, which one Ranulph held: so that there being eight yard land therein belonging to the Abby of Leic. besides the Mill, and what was appurtenant thereto, the Canons of that House did, as in other their lands in this County, R [...]t. de Quo war. 13. E. 1. claim a Court-Leet and other priviledges therein in 13 E. 1. as granted by the Ks. progeni­tors to that Monastery, for which they then pro­duced their Charters.

But in 6 E. 2. I find Esc. 6. E. 2. n. 46., that the heirs of Henry de Hastings held the third part of a Kts. fee here of Iohn de Hastings the elder, then deceased, it be­ing then written Brompcote. The like is certified Esc. 49. E. 3. n. 10. as to the tenure of that third part by the heirs of the said Henry in 49 E. 3. 14 Esc. 14. H. 6. n. 35. H. 6. and 16 Esc. 16. E. 4. n. 66. E. 4. But what the Lord Zouch possest in this Vil­lage, I am not able directly to point out: how­beit, certain it is, that something he enjoy'd, in regard the Free-warren granted Cart. 7. E. 2. n. 27. to him in 7 E. 2. extended into his demesn lands here, as well as in those of Weston, Bulkinton, and Ryton.

As for that which the Abbot of Leic. had, it amounted to the third part of a Kts fee: for in 20 E. 3. it is certified, Rot. pe­nès S. Clarke Bar. that so much he held of the Earl of Lancaster, who then had the Honour of Leic. as is well known. All which lands so be­longing to that Abby, were in 38 H. 8. granted Pat [...] 38. H. 8. p. 4. to Edward Watson Esq and Henry Herdson, and to the heirs of the same Edward; who (as I have heard) had two daughters that were his heirs; the one marryed to ..... Turner; the other to ..... Lisle: from which ..... Lisle descend­ed ..... Lisle, that sold his moytie to George Purefey of Wolvershill Gent. And from ..... Turner, William, his Grandson, of whom Gamaliel Purefey, son to the said George, purchased the other.


THE first mention that I meet with of this place, is in 21 E. 1. where it is setled, with Bulkinton and other Mannours, upon Will. la Zuche and Maud his wife, and the heirs of Maud by VVill. de Boys (as I have in Bulkinton already observed.) In that Fine it is written Wulfare­shull, which doth import, that the original of its denomination was from one VVulphere his residing there; that being a very common name in the Saxons time.

In the line of Zouch it continued with We­ston before spoken of, till Lib. 4 [...] cedul. the time of Edw. Lord Zouch, the son of George, as the Records, which I have cited touching Weston do shew; VVill. la Zuche and Maud his wife having Free-warren granted Cart. 7. E. 2. n. 27. to them here in 7 E. 2. Which Edw. sold Ex relat. Gam. Pure­fey. the same with Weston, &c. unto Humphrey Davenport Esq and Richard Bucknam, in ..... Eliz. from whom Geo. Purefey, 5th son to Mich. P. of Caldecote in this County, Gent. purchased Ex relat. Gam. Pure­fey. it, whose son Gamaliel now enjoys it.


THis Village, taking its name from the flat and moorish situation, had the addition of Iabet to distinguish it from the other Towns in this County of the same appellation, in regard the Iabets were antiently Lords thereof.

In the Conq. time it was in the possession of the E. of Mellent, and certified Domes­day lib. to contain one hyde, valued at 3 lib. one Hereuuard being owner thereof in Edw. the Conf. dayes; who, after the Norman invasion was glad to become Tenant to it under the said E. of Mellent.

[Page 43]This, being part Esc. 52. H. 3. Esc. 8. H. 4. of those 3 Kts. fees whereof Philip de Estley, Ancestour to the family of Astley, had been enfeofft in the time of H. 1. (as I have already pointed at in my discourse of Hill-morton) was held by his descendants of the Earls of Warwick by Rot. penès S. Clarke Bar. the third part of a Kts. fee; and, of them by Henry Reg. de Cumba f. 206. a. sirnamed Reg. de Cumba f. 206. a. Iabet, son Reg. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 110. a. to Fulco de Merston; which Henry gave Reg. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 110. a. 4 yard land here to the Abby of Leicester, whereupon he was received into that Monastery, as a Canon, and his wife as a sister. To him succeeded Iohn Reg. de Cumba, ut suprà. his son and heir, sometimes called Ioh. filius Henrici de Merstona, and sometimes Iohn Iabet, who was a Benefactor to the Monks of Combe, by giving to them lands in this place: which grant K. H. 2. confirmedIbid. f. 169. a..

This Henry had a brother called Robert Ib. f. 106. b.; who, having certain lands in this Village, gave Ib. f. 106. b. divers small parcels thereof to the said Monks of Combe: and not onely so, but, by his deed made them promise, that he would neither sell nor pawn any of it, except to that Monastery. Which grants to those Monks, with divers more made by several persons, whose names are of no great note, were confirm'd Ib. f. 206. a. by Thomas the son to Walter de Est­ley, in an. 1241. 25 H. 3. To whom succeeded Sir Andrew de Astley Kt. who confirmed Ex alio Reg. de Cumba in bibl. Cot­ton. [Vi­telius A. 1] f. 99. b. to them and their successours for ever a Court-Leet here for their own tenants; which, with other privi­ledges, was allowed Rot. de Quo w. Pat. 20. E. 3. p. 3. m. 9. per In­spex. of by the K. in 13 E. 1. But the residue of this town, the said Sir Andrew himself held by the service of half a Kts. fee, (as I have already said) and, in 13 E. 1. claimed Rot. de Qvo w. here, by prescription, a Court-Leet, Gallows, Weyfs, power to punish the breakers of the Assize of Bread and Ale, Free-warren, with immunity from the common amerciaments, and of aid to the Shiriff, it being then accounted a member of Ast­ley, all which were allowed. But further than this have I not found any thing considerable of it, other than, that after the dissolution of the Mona­steries, that part, which belong'd to the Abby of Combe, was, with divers other lands, granted by Letters Par. 36. H. 8. p. 22. Pat. dated 28 Octob. 36 H. 8. to Thomas Broke and Iohn Williams, and to the heirs of Broke; from whom, it seems, Henry Waver soon purchased it: for I find Ex autog. penès Wil. Perkins gen., that on the 26 of Febr. next following, the said Henry aliened it to Will. Perkins, whose descendants do still enjoy it.


IN the Conq. time, this was in the Earl of Mellent's possession Domes­day lib., and held of him by the same Hereuuard that had Merston, whose free­hold it had been in Edw. the Conf. dayes. By the general Survey it is certified to contain 3 virgats of land, and of wood 4 furlongs in length, and 3 in bredth, the value of all being xx s. and there written Berenhangre, the latter part of the name (viz. hangre) signifying, of old, the same that collis or mons doth: but afterwards it is otherwise written.

There were 4 yard land, lying in this place, given Reg. de Leic. in bibl. Bodl. f. 16. b. very antiently to the Abby of Leicester, by Henry the son of Fulke de Merston (of whom I have made mention in Merston-Iabet) all of the fee of Ernald de Boys before spoken of, and by him confirmed to that Monastery; as also by K. H. 2. In that grant it is written Bernangul; but in Thomas E. of Lanc. his ratification Pat. 12. E. 2. p. 1. m. 18. per Inspex. of a carucate of land to the same Monastery, Berhangil.

In 13 Edw. 1. the Abbot of Leicester had a Court-Leet here for his own Tenants, with other priviledges, which he claimed Rot. de Quo w. to have had time out of mind.

It seems, that the Fitzwiths (of whom in Bo­benhull and Shotswell I have spoke) were an­tiently owners of this place, though the grant thereof to them have I not found: for it appears, Reg. de Leic. ut supra. that the Canons of Leicester granted unto Guy, a Knight, then Lord thereof, that he and his heirs should have an Oratory, or Chappel, in his house here at Bernangre; provided, that such Priest, who was to celebrate divine service there, before he entred upon that duty, should take a solemn oath in the presence of the Vicar of Bulkinton for the time being, that it might be no damage to the Mother-Church of Bulkinton; and, that he would be faithfull to the said Vicar. This was in H. 3. time, as will appear by the descent of that family in Bobenhull; for his Grand-child Ro­bert, called Robertus filius Iohannis, filii Guidonis, Lord Reg. de Coventre, f. 204. b. also of this place, dyed in the beginning of E. 2. time. From whom descended Robert, whose daughter and heir Ioane, being the wife to Iohn Beauchamp of Holt, brought this Lordship to that family (whereof also in Bobenhull I have spoke.) After which time it accompanyed the possession of Bobenhull; first to Pauncefote, afterwards to Croft, and then to Sir Edw. Grevill, as the autho­rities there cited will manifest; but further I cannot speak.

It seems, that the Hospitalars were antiently Lords of the moytie of this Village; for so in an old RentallIb. f. 55. a. b. of lands, lying in Ansty and Short­wood, they are said to be. Which moytie was, after the generall dissolution of the Religious Hou­ses, granted Pat. 4. E. 6. p. 4. (inter alia) by K. E. 6. 15. Dec. in 4. of his reign, to Sir Raph Sadler Kt. and Lau­rence Wennington Gent. by the name of a messu­age called Ferne-place. Which Sir Raph sold Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. the same to Iohn Wade Gent. and his heirs. From whom, in 3 Eliz. it was past Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. by the name of the Mannour of Barnakell, to Sir Rouland Heyward Kt. and others; who sold Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. it to ..... Over, and Phyneis. But Phyneis releasing, Over past Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. the same away to Richard Perkins, by the name of the Mannour and capitall Messuage in Barnakell. Which Richard, in 14 Eliz. granted Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. it to Edw. Aglionby. And, in 15 Eliz. the a­bove mentioned Iohn Wade joyn'd Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. with the said Perkins in levying a Fine thereupon, by the name of the Mannour of Barnakell, 8 Messuages, and ..... Acres of land lying in Barnakell and Shilton. Which Edw. Aglionby, by his deed Ex e­vid. Ba [...]i­lii Feil­ding ar. dated 8 Maii, 32 Eliz. granted the reversion thereof, after the death of Mary his wife, unto Mich. Feilding and his heirs; who dying with­out issue, it descended unto Basill Feilding, late of Newnham Esq his elder brother: which Basill setled the same upon Roger Feilding, his younger son, afterwards Knighted; whose son, Basill, now enjoys it.


I Have now done with the Parish of Bulkin­ton. The next Town in my designed order is Shilton, which the Earl of Mellent held Domes­day lib. in the Conq. time, Wallef being his tenant thereof, whose free-hold it was before the Norman in­vasion.

It then contained two hydes, having woods of two furlongs in length, and one in breadth, and was valued at xl sol. being in the general Survey then taken, written Scelftone. I suppose, that it attended the succession of Bernangre for a long time, though I have not light enough from Record to manifest as much; for, in 8 H. 5. it appears, Esc. 8. H. 5. n. 70. that Iohn Beauchamp of Holt dyed seized there­of, and that Margaret the wife of Iohn Pauncefot was his daughter and heir. After which time, till 5 H. 8. have I seen no more of it; but then did Raph Swillington and Alice his wife pa [...]s F. levat. T. pasch. 4, & 5. H. 5. it to Richard Bishop of Winchester, and others, though to what uses I k [...]ow not. And, in E. 6. time, was Thomas Essex Esq son of Sir Thomas Essex Kt. seizedLib. 2. Cedul. thereof.

This Village is now reputed to be a Parish of it self, whereas antiently it was of the Parish of St. Michael in Coventre, and the Chappel here appropriated Cart. 22. E. 3. n. 6. per Inspex. to the Priory of Coventre. How­beit the Inhabitants had Reg. de Cov. f. 75. b. not then liberty of se­pulture in the Chappel-yard, which was made and consecrated by Roger de Clinton B. of Coventre, with the permission of the Prior and Covent, but were enjoyn'd to bring the bodyes of their dead to be buryed at the Mother Church of Coventre, the Curate being a Stipendiary Ib. f. 56. b. to the Prior of Coventre, and removable at his pleasure; having MS pe­nès S. Ar­cher mil. f. 28. a. onely the small tythes assigned him for his Sa­lary; which, in 26 H. 8. were valued at 5 l. per annum. It seems that the interest Reg. Abb. Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton, f. 18. b. & 30. a. which the said Prior had here, was by Composition with the Ca­nons of Leicester, forasmuch as this, with Ansty, were antiently Chappels belonging to Bulkinton, and given to the Monastery of Leic. by Roger de Watervill; for which the said Prior paid x sol. yearly to the Canons of Leicester.



NOrthwards and somewhat by East from Shilton, lyes Wolvey, whereof Alricus the son of Meriet was possest Domesday lib. in Edw. the Conf: dayes: but after the Norman invasion it came to the hands of Robert de Veci, with other Lands in the Counties of Leic. and Linc. and by the general Survey Domesday lib. is certified to contain five hydes and a half, valued at 50 s. there being at that time a Church. In that Record Domesday lib. it is writ­ten Ulveja, taking its name originally (no doubt) from one Ulf or Wulf, whose seat it was in the Saxons time, and the Saxon word [...]. which is the same with domus, the g being, for easiness of pronunciation, changed into y or i, and the h sometimes left out, and sometimes retained, as in 32 E. 1. may be observed.

To the posterity of this Robert de Veci it con­tinued not: for, in H. 2. time, the Earl of War­wick had it, and enfeofft Harecourt thereof, it being part of those 7. Knights fees which William E. of Warwick in 12 H. 2. certified Lib. rub. f. 104. a. that Yvo de Harecourt then held of him de veteri feoffa­mento.

This Ivo de Harecurt disposed Reg. de Cumba, f. 80. a. thereof (inter alia) to Robert Basset with Beatrice his sister in frank marriage, to hold and enjoy as freely, as he the said Ivo or his father ever held them: which Robert was Reg. de Pipwell, f. 21. a. of the family of Basset of Riston (now called Rushton) in Northamptonshire, and a good Benefactor to the Monks of Combe; for he purchased Reg. de Cumba f. 38. b. a great part of Bilney from Thurbert the son of Hadhelwlfus, and gave Reg. de Cumba f. 38. b. it to that Monastery. By the consent Ib. f. 81. a. of Beatrice his wife, he gave likewise thereunto C. acres of land lying in this Lordship, with pasture to the same belonging, which K. H. 2. also con­firmedCart. 35. H. 3. per Inspex..

This Robert Basset had issue Reg. de Cumb. f. 81. a. Reginald, who ratified Reg. de Cumb. f. 81. a. to the Monks of Combe the said grant by his Father; in which confirmation it is ex­prest that those C. acres did lye, partly upon Caldwellehull on Wolvey-heath, and partly be­twixt Sandford and Grimeswrose towards Wat­lingstrete; adding Reg. de Cumb. f. 81. a. also of his own gift pasture for 500 Sheep upon Wolvey-heath. And like­wise bestowed Ib. 81. b. on them the Church of St. Iohn Bapt. here at Wolvey of his patronage, with all lands, tythes, and obventions thereunto belonging. The one moytie whereof was appropriated Ib. 81. b. to them by Geffrey Muschamp B. of Cov. and Lich. in K. Iohn's time, at the request of the said Re­ginald; and the other Ib. f. 82. a., (by agreement betwixt the said Reginald, the Monks, and the said B.) made a Prebend to the Cathedral of Lichfield; whereof the said B. and his successours was to have the advouson. Which agreement was confirmed Ib. f. 82. b. by Pope Innocent the 4. in the 8. year of his Papacy (34 H. 3.) as also by Ib. f. 82. b. Hubert Archb. of Canterb. William Ib. f. 82. b. Bishop of Coventre, and Ib. f. 82. b. the Prior and Covent of that Church. Other grants Ib. 83. b. of land and rent, here in Wolvey, did the said Reginald make to them, which to parti­cularize will not be much material; as also of lands in Herberbury, whereof I shall say more when I come to that place.

Of this Reginald the first Rot. P. 23. H. 2. mention that I find in Record, is in 23 H. 2. In Rot. P. de iis­dem ann. 4 and 5 R. 1. he was joyn'd with Gilb. de Segrave as substitute for Hugh. Nuvant Bishop of Coventre, to whom the custody of these Counties was committed: but, afterwards, viz. Rot. P. de iis­dem ann. for the 6, 7, 8, and 9, years of that K. reign, as also in Rot. P. de iis­dem ann. 1 Ioh. he had the sole charge of them himself, and accounted for them as Shiriff.

[Page 45]To the Monks of Kirby he gave Ex autog. in officio Armorum. Common of Pa­sture upon his Heath here at Wolvey, viz. for their draught Oxen at Copstone with 5. Kine and a Bull; and to their tenants of that village Com­mon of Pasture upon the same Heath for all kind of Cattle. As also 20. loads of Heath and Fern yearly to be cut upon the same Heath for those Monks; with liberty to their tenants of Cop­ston to get Heath and Fern there yearly for fu­ell by the space of xv. days before Christmass, and for viii. days before Easter. And whereas the said tenants of Copston had wont, in consideration of the said common of Pasture and getting of fuell, to perform certain services to the same Reginald and his Father; viz. plowing twice a year, har­rowing once, mowing and raking once; and in Harvest one man from every House to gather up Corn: as also from every House a Hen at Christ­mass, and ten Egges at Easter; the said Reginald for the health of his soul, and the souls of his Fa­ther, Mother, and Ancestors, released to them all those services.

This Reginald seated himself here at Wolvey, as by that grant appeareth; and had Rot P. 11 Ioh. great suites with Will. de Harecurt, Thomas de Astley, and other Knights, that held of the Honour of Leice­ster: for, in 11. Ioh. he gave Rot. P. 11 Ioh. two palfreys, that the cause might be heard before the King; where­in he got the better, as may seem by that Fine Rot. P. 12. Ioh. of CC. marks, payd into the Exchequer by the said Tho. de Astley the year following, pro falso clamo­re. But, having no Children, the issue of his two Sisters became his Heirs, viz. Reg. de Cumba f. 83. b. 84. a. 87. a. Yuo de Dene, and Rob. de Leicester. Which Yuo had his seat at Dene in the East part of Northampton-shire, but was highly devoted to these Monks of Combe, as may appear by his large concessionsIb. f. 84. a. to them; first for pasturage for their Horses and Oxen that were imployed in Tillage; and likewise for 12. Kine and a Bull in all places within Wolvey, where his own Horses, Oxen, and Kine [...] or his Heirs, or others of the same town were to have pasture; as also liberty for them to dig turfe yearly with two men for six days. And moreover of his Mill here, with the Pool below his Mannour-house, and course of water thereto, excepting all the Fish but Eels, whereof the Monks were to have the one half. And afterwards, in further testimony of his bounty, bestowed Ib. b. on them his Mannour-house and whole Lordship of Wolvey, with the homage and services of all that held thereof; which grants, not onely Nich. de Dene, son to the said Yuo, confirmed, Ib f. 86. b. but Ric. Ib f. 86. b. de Harecurt, Superior Lord of the Fee by descent from the before speci­fied Ivo de Harecurt. So that now those Monks, having a Lordship here, which, in Testa de Nevill. 20. H. 3. and 20. Rot. penès S. Clarke Bar. E. 3. answered for a whole Kts. Fee, clai­med Rot. de Q. Warr. 13. E. 1. in 13. E. 1. a Court-Leet and other Pri­viledges therein, whereof they had allowance: And in 18. E. 1. obtained a CharterCart. 18. E. 1. n. 89. of Free-warren in all their demesn lands here. And in 19. E. 2. the like for Cart. 19. E. 2. n. 11. a Mercate every week upon the Wednesday, with a Fair yearly to last for three days; viz. the Even of St. Mark the Evang. and two days following.

But, leaving the Monks of Combe thus possest of this Mannour, I shall now observe what I find otherwise memorable in Wolvey; which is, that one Sir Thomas de VVolvey Knight had a fair e­state here, and left issue Ex Car­tul. de Er­dington pe­nès Th. Holt. Eq. aur. & Bar. f. 74. b. Ioan the wife of Sir Henry de Erdington (of whom in Erdington I shall speak) and Alice of Giles the Son and Heir to Andrew Lord Astley, towards the latter end of E. 1. reign: upon which Giles and Alice and the Heirs of Alice, in 32. E. 1. he setledF. de di­versis com. levat. Oct. Mich. 32. E. 1. 37. mess. three carucats with ten yard land and a half, ly­ing in Withybroke and this Wulfhey in the County of War. Three mess. 1 carucat of Land, and 6. s. 6. d. rent in Sixteneby, and Olcby in Com. Leic. and 13. mess. and 13. oxg [...]gs of land in Scakethorpe and Hothum in Com. Ebor; reserving to himself and Alice his wife an estate for term of life in the aforesaid lands, paying year­ly to the said Giles and Alice a Rose at the Feast of the Nativty of St. Iohn Bapt. for all services. But all that I have seen further of him is, that be­ing one of the Coroners Claus. 6. E. 2. n. 20. in this County (an Of­fice of great note in those days, as in Wolston I have shew'd) in 6. E. 2. he was Claus. 6. E. 2. n. 20. grown so a­ged, and impotent to undergoe the same, that he had his Writ of ease. And that he bore for his Armes Or a Lyon rampant sable, as by his seal Ex au­tog. penès Rec. New­d [...]gate ar. and other authorities appeareth: which Seal, be­ing adorn'd, without the compass of the shield, with Castles, makes me suppose, that his pater­nall ancestours were of the family of Castell, re­siding at Withybroke, hard by.

This Alice, the wife to Giles de Astley, survi­ving her Husband, was stiled domina de Wolvey, as by the institutions to the Chantry may be dis­cerned; which Chantry she founded Pat. 17. E. 3. p. 1. n. 25. Rot. E. 17. E. 3. m. 6. in cedula. in 17. E. 3. in the Chappel of our Lady within this Parish-Church, endowing Pat. 17. E. 3. p. 1. n. 25. Rot. E. 17. E. 3. m. 6. in cedula. it with two mess: and two yard land lying here in Wolvey, for the mainte­nance of a Priest to sing Mass daily there for ever, for the good estate of her self whilst she lived, and for the health of her soul after she should depart this life: as also for the souls of her ancestors and heirs, and all the faithful deceased. And left issue Ex au­tog. penès prefat. R. N. Thomas Lord Astley her son and heir; of whom, being to speak at large in Astley, I shall now say no more than what relates to this Lordship: which is, that he gave Esc. 15 E. 3. n. 24. Pat 15. E. 3. p. 3. m. 6. 1. mess. and 36. acres of land lying therein, to the Prior and Covent of Erdbury, and their successors towards the main­tenance of a Canon in that Monastery, to sing Mass daily for the good estate of him the said Tho­mas and Eliz. his wife; and of the same Alice de VVolvey, and Andrew de Astley whilst they lived; as also for the health of their souls after their departure hence; and for the souls of their heirs and ancestors, and all the faithfull decea­sed.

To which Thomas succeeded Ex au­ [...]og. pe­nès Th. Ast­ley de Wolvey ar. William Lord Astley, and Giles a younger son; which William, in 15. R. 2. gave Ex au­ [...]og. pe­nès Th. Ast­ley de Wolvey ar. to the said Giles, his Brother, and Kath. his wife, and to the heirs of their two bodies, this Mannour of Wolvey, paying to the said William and his heirs a grain of Wheat one­ly, at the Feast of St. Iohn Bapt. yearly for all services. Of which Giles all that I find memora­ble is, that, in 18. R. 2. (which was about three years after he became possest thereof) by the con­sent of the Abbot of Combe, he admitted Ex au­ [...]og. pe­nès Th. Ast­ley de Wolvey ar. one VVill. de Scregham, to the Heremitage upon Wolvey-heath, there to live a Heremeticall life in the service of God, and to pray for the souls of him the said Giles, his ancestours, and all the foun­ders and benefactors of the said Monastery of Combe. When this Heremitage was first foun­ded appears not, but by what is exprest in that Instrument of his admission, it seems, that it stood [Page 46] in a solitary place upon Wolvey-heath, which long before that time, had been inhabited by He­remites.

In 1. H. 5. there was an Award Ib. made by Regi­nald Grey, Lord Hastings, Weysford, and Ruthin, and Richard Crosby Prior of Coventre, upon certain differences, which were at that time be­twixt the Abbot of Combe, and the before men­tioned Giles, touching the metes and bounds of their lands on Wolvey-heath, and concerning common of pasture, which the said Giles challen­ged in those C. acres of land long before granted to the Monks of Combe by Rob. Basset, and Re­ginald his son (as is before exprest) and concer­ning the sole presentation to the Heremitage be­fore specified, and commoning upon all that Heath: by which Arbitrators it was determined, that the said Abbot and Giles should present to the He­remitage in Common, and hold all the said Heath in Common, except the above mentioned C. Acres of land: But all that I further find Inscrip. tumuli a­pud Astley. of this Giles is, that he dyed at Dunstaple upon the day of St. Nicholas the Bishop an. 1427. (6. H. 6.) After which, viz. in 16. H. 7. Will. Astley his great Grand-child presented Ib. one Iohn Iddezeard to the Heremitage. From which VVilliam is Giles Astley Esq. now Lord of the same Mannour, de­scended.

Having thus deduced the succession of Astley's Mannour, I am next to take notice of what the Templars had here: Of which the first mention I find, is in the Shiriffs account Penès Cler. Pipae in Scac. of 1. E. 2. after the seizure of the lands belonging to the Templars into the K. hands; wherein he certifies vii. s. Rent of Assize received at the Feast of the Annunc. of our Lady next before of certain Free-holders and Cottagers there; and xx. s. at the same terme for the Rent of a Water-mill and a VVind-Mill let to ferm at xl. s. per an. which possessions were an­tiently held Esc. 7. E. 2. Claus [...] 8. E. 2. m. 16. by the Templars of Alan la Zouch by the fourth part of a Kts. Fee.

That the Templars were supprest, and how their lands came to the Hospitalars, I shall shew when I come to Balshall in Hemlingford-Hun­dred. And that the Hospitalars possessions came to the Crown in 31. H. 8. upon that great disso­lution of the Monasteries is known sufficiently: at which generall deluge this Mannour of theirs in Wolvey was swept in, being then accounted as a Member Pat. 7. E. 6. p. 11. of the Preceptorie of Balshall above-mentioned, and continued in the K. hands till 7. E. 6. but was then granted Pat. 7. E. 6. p. 11. (inter alia) to Edw. Aglionby of Balshall Esq. and Henry Hugford of Solihull Gent. and their Heirs; which Edw. in 3. & 4. Ph. & M. aliened Pat. 3. & 4. Ph. & M. p. 4. the same to Tho­mas Marrow Esq. who, the same year granted Pat. 3. & 4. Ph. & M. p. 4. it to Will. Newman: of whom, in 3. Eliz. it was purchased Pat. 3. Eliz. p. 8. by Edmund Scarning Esq. which Ed­mund dyed Esc. 2. Iac. seized thereof 3. Apr. 1. Iac. lea­ving issue Ezechias his son and heir then aged 34. years.

Touching that Mannour, which belong'd to the Monks of Combe, I further find thereof this; that in 8. H. 6. it was granted by the then Abbot and Covent of that Monastery to Humfry Earl Staf­ford and his heirs, the advouson of the Church with the lands in Little-Copston, belonging thereto, excepted.

Here it hapned, that K. Edw. 4. being surprized by Ric. Nevill, the stout E. of Warwick, was car­ryed away Prisoner to Midleham-Castle in York-shire; the circumstances whereof I have briefly touched in my discourse of that Earl in Warwick.

In an. 1291. (19. E. 1.) the Church (dedica­ted to St. Iohn Bapt.) was valued M S. in Scac. at xx. marks (the one moytie being then a Prebend of Lich­field) at which time the Vicaridge was rated M S. in Scac. at 1. mark. But, in 26. H. 8. at M S. pe­nès S. A. eq. aur. f. 38, b. vi. l. vi. s. iiii. d. over and above ix. s. allowed for Procurations and Synodals.

Patroni vicariae
Abb. & Conv. de Cumba.
Hen. de Thurlauston Pbr. 3. Id. Febr. 1301.
Langt. f. 6. b.
Abb. & Conv. de Cumba.
Ioh. le Smith Pbr. 12. Kal. Nov. 1352 [...]
Northb. f. 56. a.
D. Tho. Clerc. Ca­non. Eccl. Cath. Lich.
Ioh. Osmunderley 3. Nov. 1429.
Heyw. f. 24. a.
Abb. & Conv. de Cumba.
Ioh: Ioykin Pbr. 14. Ian. 1438.
Ib. f. 37. a.
Prebend. de Wol­vey.
Ric. Blockley diac. 28. Nov. 1493.
Bowl. f. 140. b.
Abb. & C. de Cumba.
D. Rog. VVyldie Cler. 3. Febr. 1537.
Str. & P. f. 14. b.
VV. Marton Preb. de VVolvey in Eccl. Cath. Lich.
Ric. Palmer Cler. 10. Iulii 1564.
Bentham bund. H.
Humf. Perot de Belne in Com. VVigorn. Gen.
Geo. VVilcockson Cler. 10. Dec. 1619.
Morton bund. in­cert.

[Page 47]



NOrthwards from Wolvey, and in the same Parish, lyeth Little-Copston, now a depo­pulated place, and known onely by the name of Copston-Fields; which originally had its de­nomination from one Copsi, possessor thereof in the Saxons time, as I guess; that being a name then in use: but in the Conq. Survey is there not any express mention thereof; so that I do con­ceive it was involved with Wolvey: for, in the beginning of H. 2. time, Ivo de Harecurt gran­ted all his land in this place (together with Wol­vey) unto Rob. Basset, in frank marriage with Beatrice his Sister, as in Wolvey is shewed. Which Robert, very suddainly after, gave Reg. de Cumba f. 81. a. to the Monks of Combe one carucat of land here. In villa igi­tur mea, quae dicitur parva Copston (saith he) unam caruc: terrae, &c. in perpetuam elemosinam dono. So that, it seems he was then owner there­of, which grant K. H. 2. confirmed Cart. 35. H. 3. m. 12. per Inspex..

Here was antiently a Chappel, Reg. de Cumba f. 82 [...]. as appears by the Composition touching the Church of Wol­vey, betwixt G. Muschamp B. of Coventre, and the Abbot of Combe (34, H. 3.) whereof I have already spoken.

How it past from Basset's posterity I have not seen; but in H. 3. time, Thomas de Asteley had it: for, after he was slain in the battail of Ed [...] ­sham 49. H. 3. (as in Astley is shew'd) this, with the rest of his lands, being confiscate, was given Pat. 50. H. 3. m. 34. by the K. to Warine de Bassingburne. But after the Decree called Dictum de Kenilworth, whereby, they which were not slain in the battail, aswell as the posterity of those that lost their lives, were admitted to Composition for their forfeited estates (as in Kenilworth is manifested) Andrew de Astley, son and heir to the said Thomas, past Ex autog. penès Th. Astley ar. away this his village of Little-Copston with the appurtenan­ces, to the Monks of Combe and their successors for ever, in consideration of CCCxx. marks ster­ling, which he received of them to redeem his lands so forfeited as hath been said. After which, viz. in 18. E. 1 [...] the said Monks obteined a Charter Cart. 18. E. 1. n. [...]. of Free-Warren in all their demesn lands here; [Page 48] whose possession it continued in till the dissolution of that Monastery.


I Now come to Wibtoft, a petty village, but e­minent for its situation; for it lyeth in one of the Corners, where the two famous old Romane ways, viz. UUaflingstreet and Fosse do meet: in which place once also stood a flourishing City of the Romans, called Cleychester, as the tradi­tion goes; whereof I can say no more, than what Mr. Cambden, in Leicester-sh. hath already spo­ken, the very foundations thereof being now, for the most part, turn'd up by the Plough and spade; and large stones, Roman-brick, with Ovens and Wells; nay Coins of Silver and Brass, mixt with its ruins, frequently discovered; the earth, so far as it extended, being of a darker colour then the rest thereabouts: and of such rankness, that much of it hath bean carryed by the Husbandmen to further distances, like Dung, to make the ground more fertile.

Upon the very thwarting of those two great ways, hath antiently stood some eminent Cross, which the Country people called High-Cross; but now, instead thereof is onely a pole bearing that name. That this was the station of the Ben­nones, I have Mr. Cambdens authority from An­tonines-Itinerary; yet nothing more can I say of it, time having worn out the memory of what else was memorable. But I return to Wibtoft.

Though it lye in this County, yet is it in the Parish of Cleybroke in Leicester-sh. and hath a Chappel dedicated to our Lady (viz. to her As­sumption.)

The first mention I find of it, is 60. years and more before the Conquest. for Ulfric Spot, a po­tent man in those days (and founder of Burton-Abby in Stafford-sh.) gave Regist. de Burton pe­nès Will. D. Paget. it by his Will to one Athelric, for life, and afterwards to the said Monastery of Burton. But, in the Conq. time, it was possest by the Earl of Mellent, and in the ge­nerall Survey Domesday lib. then taken, written Wibetot, Wil­ley being join'd therwith, both which were the free­hold of Sexi in Edw. the Conf. days After which, ere long, was Ernald de Bois enfeoft thereof, with Clifton, Bulkinton, &c. whereof I have already spoke: for not only an Extent Esc. 50. H. 3. of Knights-fees in 55. H. 3. shews, that they were then held joyntly of the E. of Warwick by 4. Kn. fees; but the possession hereof continuing in the fami­ly of Boys, and afterwards to Zouch, as most of the other did, argues no less.

And I find, Reg. Abb. Leic. in bibl. Cot­ton. f. 21. a. that the grant of Raph Araby made to the Abby of Leic. of 7. mess, 10. crofts, 5. yard land and a half, and one mill lying here, was confirm'd by the same Ernald;Pat. 12. E. 2. p. 1. m 8. per Inspex. wherein the Ab­bot claimed Rot. de Q. war. 13. E. 1. a Court-Leet and the like Priviled­ges that he did in Bulkinton, and had allowance of them. As also, that the same year, scil. 13. E. 1. the Prioress of Eaton purchased F. levat. Oct. Mich. 13. E. 1. one mess: and 120. acres of land, lying in this place, of Gilbert de Houby (a great man in Leicestersh.) But fur­ther can I not speak thereof, than that, in the line of Zouch it continued (as by the severall autho­rities I have vouch't in Bulkinton appeareth) till Edw. Lord Zouch, in our Fathers memory, past it away, as he did the substance of his antient in­heritance.


FOllowing Watlingstreet, I next come to Willey, joyn'd with Wibtoft in the Conq. Survey; both which, being then held by the E. of Mellent, and containing 3. hides, were valued at 4. l. But the first mention that I after meet withall of this place, is in Rot. P. 26. H. 2. 26. H. 2. where Ro­bert de Wilega (for so he is there written) payd 3. marks to have a tryall in the K. Court against Simon de Verdon for this Village; From the E. of Mellent, it came to the E. of Warwick (as most of Mellent's lands in this County did) and was gran­ted to Hastings by one of those antient Earls, as may seem by severall InquisitionsEsc. 52. H. 3. Esc. 9. E. 2. from whom the ancestours to Turvile, and Herdebergh were at first enfeoft, Robert de Wilega being one of those families, and called de Wilega whilst he resided here, and de Herdeberg when he dwelt at Her­deberg (now called Harborough-magna in this County) for such kind of alteration of names was usuall enough in old time, as I could manifest, if need were. But what I find memorable in gene­rall, touching this family of Herdebergh, I pur­pose to declare when I come to Great-Harbo­rough before mentioned, where I have inserted a Scheme of their descent: and therefore here I shall chiefly take notice of them as in relation to this place; for I have circumstance enough to sa­tisfy me, that Herdebergh had the principall in­terest and not Turvile, though Turvile had part.

In 33. H. 3. there was a tryall Pat. 33. H. 3. in dorso. betwixt Ro­ger de Herdebergh and the Abbot of Preaux (in Normandy) touching the Church here, in res­pect of the right that the said Abbot claimed therein, by reason of the Cell at Warmington in this County, of the E [...] of Warwick's foundation, which was subordinate to that Monastery of Pre­aux; upon which suit, it seems, that the Abbot of Preaux recovered the same: for it appears, by the Institutions, that he presented thereto. To which Roger de Herdebergh succeded Hugh, that held Pl. de Banc. Term. M. 14. E. 1. R. 44. this Mannour, immediatly, of Hastings, and had issue Roger; who dying Pl. de Banc. Term. M. 14. E. 1. R. 44. in the life time of his Father, left Pl. de Banc. Term. M. 14. E. 1. R. 44. onely two Daughters; Ela, the elder, within Pl. de Banc. Term. M. 14. E. 1. R. 44. age in 14. E. 1. marryed to Will. le Boteler of Wemme in Com. Salop; and Isa­bell Pl. de banco Term. Mich. 5. E. 3. R. 484. to..... by whom she had issue Pl. de banco Term. Mich. 5. E. 3. R. 484. Dionysia that dyed y Childless; and Alice Pl. de banco Term. Mich. 5. E. 3. R. 484. wedded to Iohn de Peyto; which Iohn and Alice in 7. E. 3. setled F. levat xv. Mich. 7. E. 3.the one moytie of this Mannour upon the issue of their two Bodies, and for default thereof upon the said William le Boteler, and the heirs of his Bo­dy, with remainder to the right heirs of Ela. And the other moytie, after the decease of them the said Iohn and Alice, unto the said William with the like remainder. By which means it descended to Edmund le Boteler, son to the said Will. and Ela, as the descent doth manifest; which Edm. (being a Priest) dyed Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1. n. 17. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m 22. 49. E. 3. whereupon his Sisters became his heirs to the estate; whereof Dionysia the eldest marryed Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1. n. 17. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m 22. to Hugh Cokesey, and had issue Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1. n. 17. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m 22. Sir Walter Cokesey Kt., unto whom Sir Fouke Pembruge Kt., and Margaret his Wife, Daugh­ter Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1. n. 17. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m 22. and heir of Ida (or Idonea) the second Sister of the said Edmund, by William Trussell of Odi­ham, [Page 49] released F. levat. mens. Mich. 51. E. 3. their right in the fourth part of this Mannour 51. E. 3. which Sir Walter had issue Walter, and he Sir Walter Cokesey Kt. that dyed Esc. 24. H. 6. seized thereof 15. Dec. 24. H. 6. without issue, leaving Ioyce Esc. 24. H. 6. his Sister and heir, first marryed to ...... Beauchamp, but afterwards to Grevile; by whom she had issue Esc. 13. E. 4. n. 32. Sir Iohn Grevile Kt. that left Thomas Esc. 20. E. 4. n. 72. Rot. F. 20. E. 4. m. 5. his Son and heir, who called him­self Cokesey, as in Milcote I shall further shew; which Thomas was also a Kt. and dyed without issue; whereupon Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1. m. 4. Robert Russell, and Robert Winter, being his Cosens and heirs, had livery of his lands in 15. H. 7. From which Robert Win­ter descended Lib. 1. [...]. George; who, accomplishing his full age 27. Ian. 7. Eliz. sold his two parts of this Mannour to the Tenants.

  • Hugo
    Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
    de Herdebergh.
    • Rog.
      Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
      de Herdebergh.
      • Ela
        Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
        filia & cohaeres. - Gulielmus
        Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
        le Boteler de Wemme.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Ankareta ux. Ioh. Strange de Blakmere.
          • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
            Joh. Strange defunctus 49. E. 3.
            • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
              Ioh. Strange, defunctus 49 E. 3.
              • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
                Eliz. obiit
                Rot. F. 3. H. 4. m. 12.
                infra aetat.
            • Rot. F. 3. H. 4. m. 12.
              Ankareta amita & haeres Eliz. ob.
              Esc. 1. H. 5. n. 52.
              1. H. 5. -
              Rot. F. 3. H. 4. m. 12.
              Ric. Talbot miles.
              • Esc. 1. H. 5. n. 52.
                Gilb. Talbot miles fil. & haeres, aetat. 27. an. 1. H. 5.
                • Esc. 9. H. 5. n. 44.
                  Ankareta ob. s. pro­le 9. H. 5.
              • Esc. 9. H. 5. n. 44.
                Ioh. Talbot miles. erectus
                Cart. ab. n. 1. usque 21. H. 6. m. 11. & 20.
                in Com. Sa­lop. 20. Maii, 20. H. 6.
                Esc. 32. H. 6.
                • Esc. 32. H. 6.
                  Ioh. Co. Salop. cae­sus
                  Esc. 39. H. 6.
                  in praelio a­pud Northampt. 38. H. 6.
                  • Esc. 39. H. 6.
                    Ioh. Co. Salop
                    Esc. 14. E. 4.
                    obiit 14. E. 4
                    • Georgius Co. Salop. obiit
                      Esc. 33. H. 8.
                      26 Iulii 33. H. 8.
              • Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12.
                Tho. Nevill miles 2. ma­ritus.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1. n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Alicia ux. N. de Langford.
          • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
            N. de Lang­ford, defun­ctus 49. E. 3.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Ida ux. W. Trussel de Odiham.
          • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
            M. vx. F. Pembrug.
            • Esc. 6. H. 4. n. 32.
              N. de Lang­ford 49. E. 3.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Dionisia ux. Hug: Cokesey
          • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
            Walt. Cokesey miles 49. E. 3. obiit 6. H. 4. - Isabella f. & haeres Vriani de S. Pere.
            • Esc. 6. H. 4. n. 32.
              Walt. Cokesey obiit
              Pat. 14. H. 7. p. 2.
              4. Aug. 8. H. 4.
              • Pat 15 H. 7. p. 1. m. 4.
                • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                  • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                    Thomas Hodington.
                    • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                      • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                        Robertus Russel
                        • Pat. 14. H. 7. p. 2.
                          Rob. Russel unus con­sanguineorum & hae­red. Thomae Cokesey mil. 15. H. 7.
                          Rot. F. 20 E. 4. m. 5.
                    • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                      • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                        • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                          • Pat. 15. H. 7. p. 1 m. 4.
                            Robertus Winter, alter con­sangu. & haered. T. Cokesey mil.
              • Pat. 15 H. 7. p. 1. m. 4.
                Hugo Cokesey mil ob. 15. Dec. 24. H. 6. s. p.
              • Pat. 15 H. 7. p. 1. m. 4.
                Iocosa soror & haeres, 1 nupta... Beau­champ. -
                Esc. 13 E. 4. n. 32.
                Ioh. Grevil 2. maritus.
                • Esc. 13 E. 4. n. 32.
                  Ioh. Grevile miles, ob.
                  Esc. 20. E. 4. n. 72.
                  6. Aug. 20. E. 4.
                  • Thomas, cogn. Cokesey; mi­les
                    Pat. 15. H. [...]. p. 1. m. 4.
                    ob. s. prole.
                • Esc. 24. H. 6.
                  Leon. Staple­ton. 3. maritus.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Edm. le Boteler Cler. ob. s. p. 49. E. 3.
        • Esc. 49. E. 3. p. 1 n. 17. Orig. 3. H. 4. Rot. 12. Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 22.
          Edw. ob s. p.
      • Isabella
        Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
        filia & cohaeres. - Ioh.
        F. levat. Oct. Trin. 33. E. 1.
        de Hulles 33. E. 1.
        • Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
          Dionysia ux. J. de Watevil. ob. s. p.
        • Plac. de bā ­co T. Mich. 5. E. 3. Rot. 484.
          Alicia, 1.
          Rot. F. 17. E. 2. m. 26.
          nupta I. de Langley. 2 I. de Peyto.

Of the two remanent parts; one descending to the Talbots, Earls of Shrewsbury, by Ankaret Esc. 1. H. 5. n. 52. 4. Sister to the before specified Edmund le Bote­ler, is by partition of the lands belonging to Gil­bert late Earl of Shrewsbury, come to Eliz. one of his Daughters and Coheirs, Wife to Henry E. of Kent, deceased; which Eliz. now enjoyeth it; an. scil. 1640. But the other, sometime Langfords (as the. descent here inserted manifesteth) coming at length to Leigh; and whereof Henry Leigh Esq. dyed Esc. 4. Eliz. seized in 3. Eliz. was, by Edw. his Son and heir, sold to severall private persons with­in memory, as I have been informed.

The Church (dedicated to St. Leonard) was granted Cart. 14. E. 1. n. 26. per Inspex. to the Monks of Preaux in Normandy, by Rob. E. of Mellent and Leic. in H. 1. time: and in an. 1291. (19. E. 1.) valued Cod. MS. in Scacc. at 5. marks, but in 26. H. 8. at M S. pe­nès S. A. eq. aur. f. 38. b. 8. lib. 6. s. over and above 7. s. 4. d. allowed for Procurations and Syno­dals.

Patroni Ecclesiae
Procurator Abb. & Conv. de Pra­tellis.
Ex autog. penès D. & Ca [...]. Lich.
Ioh. de Craunford Cap. 1248.
Nich. Prior de Warmynton pro­curator Abb. & C. de Pratellis.
VVill. de Wallingford Cler. 3. Id. Nov. 1307.
Langt. f. 27 b.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione tempo­ral. Pr. de VVar­mynton in manu sua existen.
Ric. de Keresleye accol. 2. Id. Dec. 1309.
Ib. f. 35. a.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione tempo­ral. Pr. de VVar­mynton in manu sua existen.
Tho. de Lonne Cler. Non. Iu­lii 1325.
Northb. f. 19. a.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione tempo­ral. Pr. de VVar­mynton in manu sua existen.
Hugo de Bardeby Cler. 11. Kal. Maii 1326.
Ib. 20. a.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione tempo­ral. Pr. de VVar­mynton in manu sua existen.
Ioh. Lewes Pbr. 3. Non. Oct. 1346.
Ib. f. 44. b.
Procurator Abb. de Pratellis.
Ioh. de Kirkham Pbr. 16. Kal. Sept. 1361.
Strett. f. 9. a
Idem procurator.
Ric. de Homyngton Pbr. 2. Non. Ian. 1361.
Ib. f. 10. b.
Idem procurator.
Ric. de VVylie Pbr. 16. Kal Febr. 1365.
Ib. f. 15. a.
Idem procurator.
Ioh. Mayler Pbr. 3. Kal. Dec. 1366.
Ib. b.
Ludovic. Clifford miles, ex conc. Regis, ratione Pr. de VVar­mington, &c.
Rob. Parys Pbr. 26. Feb. 1394.
Sk. f. 10. [...].
[Page 50] Pr. & Conv. de VVitham ord. Carthuf.
Heyw. f. 35. b.
Tho. VVystowe Cap. 3. Iulii 1437.
Idem Pr. & Conv.
Ib. f. 39. a.
Frater Alanus Thoresby Pbr. 19. Iunii 1440.
Idem Pr. & Conv.
Ib. f. 41. b.
VVill. Neuton Pbr. 17. Maii 1433.
Idem Pr. & Conv.
Ib. f. 43. a.
Ioh. Gybbons 25. Feb. 1445.
Rex. Henr. 8.
Str. & P. f. 17. a.
D. Matth. Lowder Cap. 8. Oct. 1539.
D. Rex.
Samps. f. 41. b.
D. Ioh. Hammer Cler. 14. Dec. 1546.
Ph. & M. Rex & Regina.
Samps. & B. f. 11. a.
VVill. Glenton Cler. 14. Dec. 1557.
Eliz. Regina.
Overton Bund. C.
Iac. Povye Cler. 11. Dec. 1602.


SOuthwards of Willye, and bounded by Wat­lingstreet, lyes that great Parish of Monks­kirby, conteining ten petty villages, or hamlets, besides the town it self; viz. Brokhurst, Stret-Eston, Stretton-subtu [...]-Fosse, Walton, Esen­hull, Paylington, Newbold-Revell, Copston-magna, Newnham Padox and Cester-Over, ex­tending it self to the North-west bank of Swift, as the map sheweth. Beginning therefore with the town of Kirby it self, I am in the first place to take notice of what hath been observed to me by my worthy friend Sam. Roper Esq. (a Gentle­man learned and judicious, and singularly well seen in Antiquities, from whom I do acknowledge to have received much light for the furtherance of this work) viz. certain apparent tokens, that the Romans had some station here: for, by digging the ground near the Church, he hath met with foundations of old Walls, and Roman bricks, part whereof I my self have seen; as also 3. or 4. heaps of earth in an adjoyning pasture apparent­ly manifesting themselves to be Monuments of Se­pulture for some Military persons in those days; which badges are sufficient to satisfy, that it hath been a place of note many hundreds of years since. And it may very well be, that those mate­rialls for building, by reason of the ruins before mentioned, so ready at hand, became a speciall motive to that renowned Lady Ethelfleda She was Daughter W. Mal. f. 24. a. n. 10. to K. Al­fred and wife W. Mal. f. 24. a. n. 10. to a noble per­son called Etheldred, to whom the K. her Father gave Ingulphi hist. f. 495. b. n. 30. Mer­cia, con­taining di­vers Coun­ties of this Realm. (so much taken notice of by our old Historians, and stiled R. Ho­ved. 239. b. Merciorum Domina; to begin the stru­cture of this place: for in the year of Christ 917. duas urbes, Cyricbyrig, viz. & Weadby­rig, post nativitatem Domini aedificavit, saith mine Marian. Scot. hist. M S. in bibl. Bod [...]. in an. 917. Author. And that this is the same and no other, though the appellation it now hath, viz. Kirby, sound not like it, I shall sufficiently manifest; First, by observing, that Cyric, with the Saxons, was the same that after-ages called Kirk, and we now Church; and that Byrig in our old English signifieth Civitas or Burgus in Latine; which, be­ing now changed into Bye, alters not the mea­ning of the word, inasmuch as Bye with the Saxons is no other than habitatio in Latine: nei­ther is it out of use with us at this day in that sense, those orders and rules that are usually made in our Court-Barons being called Bye-Laws, id est Town-Laws, Byan the Verb in the Saxon tongue signifying to dwell.

This Domes­day lib. place, with Newbold Domes­day lib. super Avon, Newbold-Revell, Long-Lawford, Wapenbury, Hampton-in-Arden, Shustoke, Bentley, Brouns-Over, Cester-Over, Neunham-Padox and Hops­ford, all belonging to Lenvinus, a Saxon, before the Norman Conquest; as also great possessions in the Counties of Northampt. Leic. Not. and Linc. was, in that generall distribution made by Will. the Conq. amongst his friends and follow­ers, given to one Geffrey VVirce of Little-Britan­ny in France, and of the family assuming that name from the territory there, called Guerche ad­joyning to Anjou; who then His [...]. genea [...]. de pl [...] ­sieurs mai­sons il­lustres de Bre­tagne per Aug du paiz p. 745. came into Eng­land and assisted His [...]. genea [...]. de pl [...] ­sieurs mai­sons il­lustres de Bre­tagne per Aug du paiz p. 745. in the Conquest thereof, and, probably, with Aland Fergant, eldest Son to the D. of Britanny: for it appears by the testimony of a good Historian, Hist. de Britannie per...d'Ar­gentre Cap. 100. that divers per­sons of quality in that Province, whereof he names some, accompanied him: as also, that a third part of the Conquerours Army was commanded by the same Alan, who had the Earldome of Richmund given him as a re­ward for his service.

This Geffrey bore a great respect unto the Mo­nastery of St. Nicholas, founded Chron. Abb. S. Nic, apud An­giers. at Angiers (the principall City of Anjou, in the year 1020. to the honour of St. Nich. Archb. of Nice, St. Hie­rome, and St. Lazarus whom Christ so loved: For by his deed, Ex au­tog. in bibl. Cotton. bearing date here at Kirby the xii. year of K. William's reign, he gave thereunto both land and tythes out of divers Lordships here in England, whereof he was possest by the Conq. favour; and in particular to the Church of this Kirby, which he found decayed, and rebuilt, de­dicating it to the honour of the blessed Virgin and St. Dennis; which singular munificence occasio­ned the Monks of Angiers to send over part of their Covent hither, making it a Cell subordinate to that forreign Monastery; whereby it became one of those we usually call Prioryes-alien, and thereupon had the name of Monkskirby.

By the generall Survey Domes­day lib. this Lordship was cer­tified to contein xv. hides, there being two Priests here at that time, who held xxi. carucats of land. [These were Franus and Osgot, as I guess, men­tioned in the before specified Charter.] All which then extended to x. l. value, whereof the Monks of St. Nicholas had two Carucats in demesn, and vi. bord. holding v. more; and in that Record Domes­day lib. it is written Chirchberye, which gives fur­ther illustration to what I have said already touching the name. Howbeit of the said Geffrey Wirce have not I seen any thing else memorable: nor do I find that he had any Children; so that I most incline to believe, that, dying, without issue, his possessions in England returned to the Crown; for all in this and the before cited Coun­ties, came to the hands of Nigel de Albani, Pro­genitor to the Moubray's, by the grant Regist. Abb. de Furneis [...]. part. 2. of K. H. 1. whose possessions in this Shire, by that means, and by mariage of Segrave's Daughter and heir were of no small extent.

But, returning to this antient Monastery, I find, that Nigel de Mulbray, Grand-child to Nigel de Albani, made a generall confirmation Ex au­tog. in offi­cio Armo­rum. unto the Monks here, of all the lands, tythes, and other his possessions, which had been given to them by his Ancestors in divers particular Mannours there ex­prest; and in all others, as the grants of Geffrey de Wirce, Nigel his Grand-Father, and Roger his Father witnessed. I am of opinion, that the be­fore specified Nigel de Albany gave all the rest of [Page 51] this Lordship to those Monks: for in that confir­mation Ib. made to them by Rog. de Stutevill of what his ancestors had given in Newbold (id est, Newbold super Avon) he makes mention, that they had possessions there in the time of Geffrey Wirce; and that Nigel de Albani augmented the same, by grant of certain lands and other benefits. But all that I have seen of any further grants thereunto in this County, is certain common of pasture on Wolvey-heath, and in Little-Copston by Reginald Basset of Wolvey; and of a yard land in Rokeby by Sir Henry Rokeby Kt. of both which I have spoke more fully in my discourse of those places.

In Leicestersh. I find, Ibid. that Hugh de Rampaine gave unto them 7 oxgangs of land, with the capital Mess: of Kirkby super Wreke; which grant Will. de Molbrai, who was superiour Lord of the fee there, confirmed Ibid.. And that Geffrey Trussell gave Ex autog. in bibl. Hatton. them the Church of Sharneford in the same County; whereof Will. Basset added his ratifica­tion Ex au­tog. in offi­tio Armo­rum.. After which, viz. in K. Iohn's time, Gef­frey Muschamp B. of Coventre, confirmed Ex au­tog. in bibl. Hatton. to them that which by his Predecessours had been granted, viz. the Church of Kirkby, with the Chap­pel of Widebroc, so that they should hold the same appropriat to their own benefit; as also 3 marks of silver yearly out of the said Chappel of Wide­broc in the name of a pension. And ratified to them the Church of Wapenbury, with the Chappel of Huningham, so that they should receive xx s. year­ly out of the same, and a stone of wax in the name of a pension: and likewise the Church of Neu­bold; that is to say, two parts thereof to their pro­per use; and to the third, that the Prior of Kirkby should present a fit Clerk to the Bishop.

Being therefore thus plentifully endowed, they obtained, in 50 H. 3. a Charter Pat. 1. H. 4. p. 5. m. 28 per Inspex. for a weekly Mer­cate upon the Wednesday, with a Faire yearly to begin on the even of the feast of St. Ioh. Bapt. and to continue 3 days: but the Wednesday Mercate, after a while, being not found so convenient, they procured K. E. 1. in 33 of his reign, to alterIb. Esc. 33 E. 1. n. 103. Cart. 33. E. 1. n. 15. & 63. it for Tuesday, at which time he likewise granted Ib. Esc. 33 E. 1. n. 103. Cart. 33. E. 1. n. 15. & 63. to them Free-warren in all their demesn lands of Monkskirby, Walton, Neubold-Paunton, and parva Herdebergh, with view of Frank-plege of all their Tenants in these and other places with­in this County: as also in Kirkby super Wreke in Leicestersh. with tryal of Malefactors and Weyfs: In consideration whereof, they were to pay to the King, his heirs and successors, v marks yearly. Which Mannour of Kirkby super Wreke was by these Monks in 14 E. 2. granted Pat. 17. E. 2. p. 2. m. 17. per Inspex. to Roger Beler, and Alice his wife, and to the heirs of their two bodyes; paying yearly to them and their successors viii marks, vi s. viii d. at the feasts of St. Michael and Easter by even portions.

What else is memorable, relating to this Mona­stery, remains now to be spoke of as it was a Priory-alien, viz. first of its sundry seizures made by the King, and next of its dissolution. Of which sei­zures, hapning by reason of our wars with France, as in Wolston hath been shewed; the first that I have seen authority for, was in 18 E. 1. for, by an Indenture Ex autog. [...]enès Wil. [...]om. Den­ [...]gh. bearing date on the feast day of St. Mathew the Apostle, in that year it appears that Rob. de Sottewell and Rog. de Belegrave, to whom the lands and tenements of the said Prioryes-Alien in the Countyes of Warr. and Leic. were by the K. precept committed, did, upon certain conditions and agreements, deliver to the Prior of Kirkby the said Monastery, with what thereto belonged, and the stock upon the ground, all prized at estimable rates; In which Indenture, amongst other things it is observable, that Wheat was then rated at vi. s. a quarter, Rye v s. Barly iii s. Beans and Pease ii s. viii d. Oats ii s. Swans at iii s. iiii d. a peice, and Ducks at i d.

After which, viz. in 14 E. 3. the K. having again made the like seizure, Rot. F. 14. E. 3. m. 19. and committed Rot. F. 14. E. 3. m. 19. the custody of this, with the other Cels subordinate to the Mo­nastery of S. Nich. at Angiers, unto their Procu­rator general in England for a certain sum of mo­ney, to be yearly paid into his Exchequer at Mi­chaelmas and Easter by even portions, did, in con­sideration that the said Procurator should make payment thereof at the feasts of the Nativ. of St. Ioh. Bapt. and St. Mich. together with the Tenths granted to the said K. by the Clergy, so far forth as concerned those Cels, restore the same unto the Ab­bot of the Monastery of St. Nich. before specified. But in 50 E. 3. the custody Rot. F. 50. E. 3. m. 16. thereof was disposed to Sir Cannon Rubussard Kt. to hold from the feast of St. Mich. th'Archangel then next following, during the continuance of the wars with France, paying xl l. yearly into his Exchequer. Which Sir Cannon was onely to have the same benefit of Rent and other advantages as the Mother Monastery at Angiers before spoken of, in times of peace usually had: For, upon an ExtentExten [...] ­terr: Pr: alien: pe­nès Re­mem: Regis in Scac. in 1 R. 2. it appears, that all the lands belonging thereto were then va­lued at CCxx l. iii s. iiii d. per annum.

But so much were the Monks incumbred by these seizures, and appointment of secular persons to have the rule over them, that, in consideration of a good sum of money in hand, they made a Lease Rot. F. 14. R. 2. m. 19. to the said Sir Cannon Robsart of all their lands for 25 years. And the superiour House beyond Sea, likewise discerning themselves so set aside, as to the receiving any advantage from hence, made their ad­dresses to Thomas Moubray E. of Nottingham, and Earl Marshal of England, offering to quit their in­terest here to him, upon easy terms.

Which Earl, having in 20 R. 2. obtained liberty to found Pat. 20 [...] R. 2. p. 2. m. 14. a Religious House of Carthusian Monks at Eppeworth, or where else he thought fit within the Isle of Axholme in Lincolnsh. procured the K. Letters Pat. of licence for the Abbot and Covent of St. Nich. at Angiers before specified, to grant this their Priory of Monkskirby, with the Mannours of Neubold super Avon, Copston and Walton to the same belonging: As also the advousons of the Churches and Vicaridges of Kirkby-monach. Neu­bold super Avon, Withibroke, Wapenbury and Sharnford, with their pensions, unto the said Mo­nastery of Carthusians for ever. Whereupon Iohn, son Pat. 19. R. 2. p. 2. m. 2. and heir to Sir Can. Robsart (the Lessee before specified) by his deed Claus. 3. H. 4. p. 1. m. 7. in dorso. bearing date upon Easter eve, 20 R. 2. released to the King, and to Iohn de Moreby, Prior assigned of the then late founded House of Carthusians to the honour of the Uisita­tion of the Mother of God in the Isle of Axholme, all his right and title in this Priory. But no sooner did H. 4. come to the Crown, than that the Priors-alien began to find much favour: for in the Parl. held an. 1. of his reign, taking into consideration the losses and inconveniences that had befallen them by the frequent seizure of their lands, and ferming them out in the time of his Grandfather K. E. 3. whereby not onely they had suffered great decay in their buildings, but that the worship of God in that regular way, Hospitality, Alms, and other charitable works, antiently establisht and there accustomed to be performed, were with­drawn, as also the pious desires of the Founders [Page 52] thereby defrauded (as the words of the Pat. do import) did by the advice of his Councel in that Parliament, restore Pat. 1. H. 4. p. 2. m. 3. to the said Abbot of St. Nich. at Angiers, the patronage and advouson of those Religious Houses in England, which were sub­ordinate to that Monastery, to have and to hold to him and his successours, so that they should pre­sent fit persons to them upon the vacancies that might happen.

Howbeit, this favour of K. H. 4. was not long enjoy'd by them: for K. H. 5. reciting the licence granted by K. R. 2. for founding the said House of Carthusians in the Isle of Axholme; and the power then given to the Monks at Angiers to pass away this Priory of Monkskirby, with th'appur­tenances thereunto, as aforesaid; by his Letters Pat. 3. H. 5. p. 2. m. 39. Pat. dated at Westm. 28. Iunii, 3 of his reign, confirmed the same. Whereupon the said Carthu­sians, being thus possest hereof, obtained of K.E. 4. in 8 of his reign, a confirmation Pat. 8. E. 4. p. 3. m. 6. of those privi­ledges granted to the Prior of Monkskirby by K. E. 1. in 33 of his reign before specified, extending into all their lands there named, which they en­joy'd therewith till that fatal overthrow of the Religious Houses in K. H. 8. time; when some, being corrupted with temporary profit, and others through terrour, were brought to surrender their Monasteries into the K. hands, the said Prior and Cov. of Carthusians did, not onely give up theirs, but levyed a Fine F. levat. T. Pasch. 30. H. 8. thereof; as also of all the pos­sessions belonging thereto; and in particular of this Mannour of Monkskirby, with the rest of the Mannours, Lands, &c. appertaining to it. Which stay'd not long in the Crown; for the same year was it granted away by the King to Thomas Man­nyng, late Prior of the Monastery of Butley in Suffolks, then newly made Bishop of Ipswich, to hold for life; the remainder to Charles Brandon D. of Suff. and the heirs of his body lawfully be­gotten, to be held in capite by the tenth part of a Kts. fee, and the yearly rent of ix l. xiiii s.

After which, viz. in 37 H. 8. the K. granted Pat. 37. H. 8. p. 6. unto Trinity Coll. in Cambridge the Rectory of Monkskirby, with the tythes, and certain lands, rents, &c. lying in Monkskirby and the other Villages adjacent, formerly belonging to the be­fore specified Carthusians, to hold to them and their successours in pure alms.

From which Duke this Mannour of Monks­kirby, with the rest before mentioned, divolved to Henry Grey D. of Suff. in right of Frances his wife, daughter of the said Charles, and one of the sisters and co-heirs to Henry Brandon D. of Suff. From whose death the said Frances held Esc. 2. Eliz. it during her life; and dyed Esc. 2. Eliz. 2 Eliz. leaving the Lady Kath. and Lady Mary Grey, daughters to the a­foresaid Duke, her heirs; viz. Katherine 19. and Mary 13 years of age. Which Kath. being wed­ded to Edw. Seymour E. of Hertford, had issue Edw. Lord Beauchamp, that dyed in his fathers life time, father to Will. now Marq. of Hertford, who sold this Mannour to the right honourable Mary Countess of Buck. in our memory (pater­nally, through that antient and noble family of the Beaumonts of Coleorton in Leicestersh. de­scended from the Kings of France, as is well known.) Which Mary setled it upon Basil Lord Feilding (now E. of Denbigh) her Grand-child, with divers remainders.

In an. 1291. (19 E. 1.) the Church (dedicated to St. Edith) was valued [...]od. MS in Scac. at xxxiii marks; and in 26 H. 8. the Vicaridge MS pe­nès S.A. eq. aur. f. 38. b. at xxii l. ix s. 6 d. the Taxation or Ordination whereof was made in an. 1237. (21 H. 3.) as appears by the original In­strument In curiae Augmen­tac. Which Vicaridge, being but of small worth, had an augmentation made thereunto by the bounty of the Lady Aliza, one of the daugh­ters of Sir Robert Dudley, as in Manceter I have particularly shewed.

As this Parish is spacious, so is the present fa­brick of the Church very large, though of no an­tient building; having a tall Spire for a land­mark over all the Country; which was more emi­nent than now it is, till the Inhabitants within our memory, to save charges in repairing, pulled down above xx foot of it.

Patroni Prioratus.
Priores de Kirby.
Ric. de Cornubia,
Ex autogr. penès H.S. George eq. aur.
temp. H. 2.
Frater Defensor. 35 H. 3.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Petrus Franciscus monach. 8 Febr. 1314.
Ex. lib. alb [...] penès D. & Cap. Lich. f. 104 Langt. f. 39. a.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Will. Eisnelle monach. 6 Id. Iunii, 1326.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Guil. de S. Clemente mo­nach. 10. Kl. Iul. 1335.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Mauricius Aubere Pbr. Id. Nov. 1350.
Northb. f. 20. a.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Oliverus de Desertis,
Ib. f. 28. b.
mon. Id. Sept. 1353.
Ib. f. 53. b. Ib. f. 57. b.
Abb. & Conv. S. Nich. Andegav.
Frater Willielmus prid. Non. Iun. 1358.
Stret. f. [...]. b.
Patroni Vicariae.
Ex autogr. penès D. & Cap. Lich.
Prior & Monachi de Kirby.
Ric. de Suham Cler. 1252.
Prior & Monachi de Kirby.
Helias de Staunford Pbr. 16 Iulii, 1304.
Langt. f. [...]. a.
Prior & Monachi de Kirby.
Ric. de Paylington Pbr. 8. Id. Sept. 1308.
Ib. 29. b.
Prior & Monachi de Kirby.
Ioh. Wylmot Cap. 11. Kl. Iunii,
Ib. s. 40. b.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione temp. Pr. de Kirby in manu sua existen.
Ioh. de Lewes Diac. 11. Kl. Oct. 1342.
Northb. f. 40. a.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione temp. Pr. de Kirby in manu sua existen.
Rob. de Stretford Pbr. 3. Non. Oct. 1346.
Ib. f. 44. b.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione temp. Pr. de Kirby in manu sua existen.
Ric. de Wylie Pbr. 5. Id. Nov. 1350.
Ib. f. 53. b.
Edw. Rex Angl. ratione temp. Pr. de Kirby in manu sua existen.
VVill. de VValton Pbr. 7. Id. Apr. 1354.
Ib. f. 58. a.
Prior & Conv. de Kirby.
VVill. Stoneley Pbr. 23. Aug. 1361.
Stret [...]. f. 10. a.
Prior & Conv. de Kirby.
Rob. Grafton Pbr. 8. Id. Ian. 1361.
Ib. b. [...]
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
D. Ioh. Hykkling Cap. 22. Dec. 1414.
Arund. f. 142. b.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
Ric. Hunt Pbr. 7. Dec. 1421.
Heyw. f. 7. b.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
D. Rob. Barker Cap. 20. Iu­nii,
Ib. f. 19 b.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
VVill. Pepir. 16. Iulii. 1433.
Ib. f. 31 b.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
Ioh. Pake Pbr. 26. Sep. 1436
Ib. f. 35. a.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
Tho. Cowper. 6. Iulii. 1444.
Ib. f. 42. b.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
Tho. VVenlok Cap. 10. Oct. 1503.
Bl. f. 3. a.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
Magister Henr. Sherman,
Ib. f. 9. c [...]
4. Apr. 1522.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
M. Rob. Newton,
Ib. f. 14. b.
in decretis baccalar. ult. Iunii, 1528.
Prior & Conv. de Axholme.
VVill. Stokwith. 13. Oct. 1528.
Adrian Stokes, ar.
Tho. VVard,
Samps. [...] B. f. 43. c.
art. Mag. 3. Febr. 1568.
Mag. & Scol. Coll. S. Trin. Cantab.
Edm. Battie,
Overton bund. E.
sacrae theol. bacc. 29 Maii, 1591.



[Page 54]



THis Hamlet, being parcel of the Mannour of Monkskirby, takes its name from the situa­tion thereof upon that bank or hurst by the Brook, which runneth a little Eastward from the Church: but of it there is little mention in Record, other than that Esc. 35 E. 3. p. 2. n. 10. Esc. 1. H. 4. Esc. 1. E. 4. the Kts fee, which the Prior of Kirby held of the Lord Moubray, did extend into this place.


THis, being also part of the Mannour of Monks­kirby, lyeth Eastward from the Fosse (com­monly called the Street) and thence hath its de­nomination. In the same Records where mention is made of Brockhurst, is there also of this, and in no other that I have seen; it being written Stred-Aston, and Stroderston, as well as Stret-Aston.

Stretton subtus Fosse.

THis hath its name from the Street way also, below which it lyes, and was originally a member Rot. penès S. Clerke Ba [...]. of Newbold-Revel; and so being pos­sest by the family of Revell, descended by a daugh­ter and heir to Malory; and from Malory by the like means to Cave, and so to Andrews and Boughton, as the descent in Newbold-Revel sheweth: for in 37 H. 8. Thomas Andrews Esq levyed a Fine T. Mich. 37 H. 8. thereof; and in 8 Eliz. it was found, Esc. 8. Eliz. that Margaret Boughton (one of the daughters and coheirs of Edw. Cave) dyed seized of it, leaving Edw. her son and heir, 21 years of age.


OF this Village I have not seen any thing in Record till 19 E. 1. it being antiently re­puted as parcel of Monkskirby, and the substance thereof belonging to the Priory there. That which is then mentioned thereof, is upon the payment of a Tenth to the Pope by all the Monasteries, as well as Churches, in England: at which time it was certified Cod. MS in Scac. pe­nès Re­mem. R. that the Prior of Kirby had 4. ca­rucats of land here. But the particulars I shall not stand to mention, forasmuch as the authorities, which I have voucht in Monkskirby will mani­fest, that it being therewith granted to the House of Carthusians in Axholme, came at length to the Crown, and so attending the possession of that Lordship (I mean of Kirby) ever since, is now in the Earl of Denbigh's hands.


THis place taketh its name (I presume) from the situation, standing Eastwards from Monks­kirby, and upon a rising ground; but was origi­nally a member Rot. penès S. Clerks Bar. of Newbold-Revel: So that pas­sing from Revel to Malory, and Malory to Cave, by heirs general (as the descent in Newbold-Revel sheweth) it came at length by purchase to Sir Wal­ter Smyth of Shirford Kt; who dyed Esc. 1. M. seized thereof in 1 Mar. Since which, by force of that conveyance whereof I have spoke in Shirford, it was possest for a time by the Littletons; but es­chaeted to the Crown with that Lordship.


OF this Village I have not seen any thing before H. 3. time; and then I find, that Will. de Turevill was Lord thereof; for so he writes Ex col­lect. Will. Burton. him­self, bearing for his Arms gules 3 chevrons varry. From which Will. descended Nich. who, in 25 E. 1. was certified Esc. 25. E. 1. n. 51. to hold here and in Herdeberwe half a Kts. fee of the E. of Lanc. Hugh de Her­debergh, and Iohn de Charnells, holding at the same time each of them the 4 part of a Kts. fee here.

To this Hugh de Herdebergh succeeded Isabella de Hulles in the possession of what he had here; and to her Dionysia and Alice her daughters and heirs (as the descent in Wilye sheweth:) betwixt whom partition being made of these and other lands in 17 E. 2. all that they had in this place was allotted Claus. 18. E. [...]. m. 27. to Alice, then the wife of Iohn de Peyto. It seems, that the residue, or a great part thereof, was antiently obtained by the Revells of Newbold: for, in 32 E. 1. Will. Revell had Free­warren granted to him in all his demesn lands here. From which family it descended by an heir female unto Malory; and so to Cave; and from Cave to Andrews and Boughton, [Page 55] as the descent in Newbold-Revell sheweth. For in 37 H. 8. Tho. Andrews Esq levyed a Fine Term. Mich. thereof: and, in 8 Eliz. Margaret Boughton dyed Esc. 8. Eliz. seized of it, leaving Edw. her son and heir 21 years of age.

Within the precincts of this Village were 4 mess. and 4 carucats of land, whereof Walter Hopton Esq dyed Esc. 1. E. 4. n. 42. seized in 1 E. 4. leaving Eliz. his sister and heir, then the wife of Roger Corbet of Morton in Com. Salop, 30 years of age. Which lands had afterwards the name of a Man­nour, Andrew the son of Rog. Corbet being pos­sest Lib. 1. cedul. thereof in 30 H. 8. Which Andrew had issue Robert, and he Elizabeth and Anne, his daugh­ters and heirs, of full Lib. 5. cedul. age in 37 Eliz.


THis place, having been part Domes day lib. of the possessi­ons which Leuuinus had in Edw. the Conf. dayes, was, after the Norman conquest, disposed Domes day lib. of to Geffrey Wirce (of whom I have already spoke in Monkskirby. (In the Survey Domes day lib. then ta­ken it is written Feni-Niwebold, and certified to contain 8 hydes, valued at vii l. which large ex­tent makes me of opinion, that Stretton subtus Fosse, as also Esenhull and Paylington, were at that time involved therewith: the possession where­of having also gone along with it ever since, as by what I have already said appeareth.

As for its name, viz. Feni-Niwebold, there is this to be said, that bold in our old English signi­fies a house, the word Feni being onely an addi­tion to distinguish it from the many other New­bolds in this Shire; Fen, with our ancestors the Saxons signifying dirt; from which reason part of Cambridge and Huntingdonshires are called the Fens. And that it is now called Newbold-Revell, is, by reason that the family of Revell were antiently Lords thereof, as I shall shew by and by.

But it was antiently reputed Rot. hund. [...]. E. 1. pe­nès Camer. Scac. a member of Wapenbury, in respect that the owners of Wa­penbury were Lords hereof; it being (doubtless) part of those 5 Kts. fees which Thomas de Wapen­bury held Lib. rub. f. 118. a. of Roger de Moubray de veteri feoffa­mento, in 12 H. 2. and whereof his ancestors were enfeofft by Nigel de Albani, father to the said Ro­ger de Moubray in H. 1. time. Which Nigel had Geffrey Wirce his lands conferred upon him, as in Monkskirby I have already intimated.

But touching that antient family of Wapen­bury (who had their seat at Wapenbury, whence they assumed their sirname) I shall speak when I come to that place: And because this Newbold came by descent from Wapenbury to Revell, and afterwards from Revell to Malory, I have here inserted the pedegree, whereby the same may the better be understood; as also what I shall say hi­storically of the families of Revell and Malory, whose seat it was.

  • Thomas de Wapenbury, 12 H. 2.
    • Ric. de Wapenbury 9 R. 1. - Juliana soror & haeres Rad. Extranei de Cno­kin.
      • Tho. de Wapenbury, 1 & 20 H. 3.
        • Joh. de Wapen­bury, ob. s. p.
        • Agnes soror & co­haeres ux. ..... de Beynvill.
          • Ric. de Beynvill, 14 E. 1. - Lora. obiit 24 E. 3.
            • Ric. de Beyvill.
              • Esc. 24. E. 3. n. 53.
                Ric. de Beyvill, consangu. & haeres Ric. & Lorae. aet. 5. ann. 24 E. 3.
        • Margeria ux. .... de Was­single.
          • Plac. de ban­co T. Mich. 14 E. 1. Rot. 57
            Thomas de Wassingle
        • Jo­han­na.
          • Plac. de ban­co T. Mich. 14 E. 1. Rot. 57
            Hugo Revell -
            Plac. de ban­co T. Mich. 14 E. 1. Rot. 57
            • Plac. de ban­co T. Mich. 14 E. 1. Rot. 57
              Will. Revell, 14 E. 1.
              • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                Rob. Revell, 1 E. 2.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Guliel. Revell.
                  • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                    Guliel. Revell, obiit seisitus de terris in Buckby in Com. Northt. & Edmescote in Com. Warr. s. prole.
                  • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                    Iohanna ux. Galf. Rey­nolds.
                    • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                      Ric. qui cogn: fuit Ryvell de Edmes­cote. 7 H. 4. - Margeria filia Rob. Hugford de Edmescote.
              • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                Joh. Revell, 1 E. 2.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Ioh. Re­vel, ob. s. prole.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Guliel. Revell miles, ob. s. p.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Nich. Revel rector ecc. de Cley­orton ob. 6. R. 2.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  .... ux. Ioh. Ma­lory de Win­wick.
                  • Ioh. Malory, 6 R. 2.
                    • Ioh. Malory, 4. H. 5.
                      • Tho. Malory, miles, 23 H. 6.
                        • Rob. Malory obiit vita patris.
                          • Nich. Malory, aetat. 13. ann. 20 E. 4.
                            • Doroth. filia & cohaeres. 26 H. 8. - Edw. Cave 1. ma­ritus.
                              • Cath. filia & cohaeres, ux. Thom. Andrews de Win­wick.
                              • Margareta ux. Thomae Boughton de Causton, ob. 8 Eliz. - Geo: Ashby 2. maritus.
                            • Clemens Cave 1. maritus. - Margeria 26 H. 8. - Ioh. Cope de Eydon in Com. Northt. 2. maritus.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Iohan. uxor Ro. de Whit­ney.
                • Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton [...] p. 52.
                  Elena uxor Rob. Gre­sley.

Of this name and County, H. Revel is the first, whereof the Records that I have seen, do make mention, son to Rob. Revel (as I guess) who had Rot. p. 29. H. 2. to do at Swinford in Leicestersh. 29 H. 2. But of this H. I can say no more, than that he was a Rebel Claus. 1. H. 3. m. 3. against K. Iohn, for which his lands in this County were seized on; and that in 1 H. 3. returning to obedience, they were restored Claus. 1. H. 3. m. 3. to him again.

Unto which Hugh, succeeded W. Revel, to whom K. E. 1. in 27 of his reign, granted Cart. 27. E. 1. n. 15. Free-warren in his demesn lands here, and in other places of this County, whereof I have already spoke. Which Will. had issue F. levat. Oct. Hill. 1. E. 2. Iohn and Robert; whereof Iohn was Lord Ex autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich. of this place in 9 E. 2. [Page 56] being an active man, and of great trust in his time: for in 6 E. 3. he had Pat. 6. E. 3. p. 1. m. 11 In dorso. the joynt custody of this County, with Thomas de Astley, and Iohn de Heyford. And in 11 E. 3. was in Rot. F. 11. E. 3. m. 9. Commission for the levying and receiving Scutage for the K. Army, upon his expedition into Scotland.

In the same year he served Claus. 11. E. 3. p. 2. m. 37. In dorso as one of the Kts. for this County in the Parliam. held at Westm. And the next year following, being appointed one of the Receivers of the xv. and x. granted to the K. in Parl. the year before, was eased of that trou­ble, by the K. speciall favour: as also from the Collection of the Scutage before mentioned, in regard of his speciall imployment otherwise in the K. affairs, as the Records Rot. F. 12 E. 3. m. 12. & 35. express. At which time I find, that the K. being to make an expedition into France; and to that end taking care for pre­servation of the Peace here, in his absence, did summon Claus. 12. E. 3. p. 1. m. 37. In dor­so: him, being then one of the Kts. for this County, amongst others, to be at Westm. the morrow after the Clause of Easter before himself and his Councell, to hear what should be declared unto them thereupon. In 18. E. 3. he was a Kt. Pat. 18. E. 3. p. 2. m. 34. & constituted one of the Justices for conservation of the Peace in this Shire. The like Pat. 19. E. 3. p. 2. m. 27. In d. authority had he the year following. In Claus. 25. E. 3. p. 1. m. 27. In dor­so. 25. E. 3. he served again for this Shire in the Parl. then held at Westm.

To this Iohn Revell succeeded Will. who was of Rot. Franc. 20. E. 3. m. 14. In dorso. the retinue to Thomas Bishop of Duresme in that French expedition 20 E. 3. whereof I have spoke in Hil-Morton. And in 32. E. 3. one Claus. 32 E. 3. m. 21. In dorso. of the Kts. for this Shire in the Parliament then held at Westm. I suppose, that he then received the dig­nity of Knighthood; for the next year ensuing he is so Ex autog. penès Rob. D. Digby. stiled, and bore for his Armes, ermine a che­veron gules within a border engrailed sable; but had no Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton ar. issue, nor either of his Brothers; insomuch as their three Sisters became Heirs to the estate; viz. ...... marryed Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton ar. to Iohn Malory of Winwick in Northampt-shire; who bore for his Armes Ex col­lect. S. Knive­ton ar. a fesse between three boars heads couped. Ex au­tog. in bibl. Hatton. Ioane Ibid. to Robert de Whitney, of Whitney in Hereford-sh. Elen Ibid. to Rob. Gresley, who had issue by her Ro­bert that dyed Childless, and Ioane Ibid. to Ric. Bote­ler. Amongst whom partition Ibid.being made in 6. R. 2. Iohn Malory, son to the same Iohn and ..... had this Mannour of Fenni-Neubold, with certain lands in Esenhull, Stretton, and Strod-Aston; and the Capitall me [...]suage, or Mannour house of Paylington assigned to him. Robert de Whitney and Ioane his wife the Mannour of Clif­ton in this County, with certain lands in Newton juxta Clifton for their part. And Richard Boteler & Ioane his wife the Mannour of Browns-Over, with certain Rents and services in Paylington.

Which Iohn Malory was constituted Pat. 13. R. 2. p. 1. m. 26. In dor­so. one of the Commissioners for conservation of the Peace in this County in 13. and 14. Pat. 14. R. 2. p. 1. m. 33. In dorso R. 2. In 15. be­ing then a Kt. he was made Shiriff Rot. F. 15 R. 2. m. 25. of these Counties. To whom succeded Iohn, one Claeus. 1. H. 5. In dorso m. 12 of the Kts. for this Shire in the Parl. held at Westm. 1. H. 5. and in 4. H. 5. Shiriff Rot. F. 4. H. 5. m. 12. also of these Counties, In 7. H. 5. he was by speciall Com­mission,Pat. 7. H. 5. m. 13. with others, assigned to treat with the people about a loan of money to the King. In that year K. H. 5. being victorious in France, and Humf. D. of Glouc. his youngest Brother, con­stituted Custos Angliae in the K. absence, precepts Penès Camer. Scac. were directed to the Shiriffs of all the Counties in England, in the K. name, and signed by the said D. commanding them to elect and appoint a certain number in each Shire of Kts. and Esquires, bearing Armes from their Ancestours, such as were most able and sufficient to serve the K. for defence of the Realm; all which were to attend the K. Councell at Westm. the Tuesday in the first week of Lent. For which purpose 13. being chosen in this County, this Iohn Malory was one. In 2. H. 6. he underwent the office of Eschaetor Rot. F. 2. H. 6. m. 15. for these Counties of Warr. and Leic. and, the next year following, the Rot. f. 3. H. 6. m. 10. Sheriffalty. And having been in Pat. de iisdem an. In dorso. Commission for the peace, from 6. H. 5. till 12. H. 6. left issue Thomas; who, in K. H. 5. time, was of the retinueRot. in bibl. Hat­ton. to Ric. Beauchamp E. Warr. at the siege of Caleys, and served there with one lance and two Archers; receiving for his lance and 1. Archer xx. li. per an. and their dyet; and for the other Archer .x. marks and no dyet.

This Thomas, being a Kt. Rot. f. 23. H. 6. m. 10. in 23. H. 6. ser­ved Rot. f. 23. H. 6. m. 10. for this Shire in the Parliam. then held at Westm. and dying 14. Martii 10. E. 4. lyeth buryed Cod. MS. in bibl. Cot­ton; sub ef­figiae Vitel­lii F. 12. under a marble in the Chappell of St. Francis at the Gray-Friers, near Newgate in the Suburbs of London. To whom succeded Ni­cholas his Grand-Child, viz. son Esc. 20. E. 4. n. 46. of Robert, who dyed in his Fathers life time. Which Nich. being a Justice of Peace in this County from Pat. de iis­dem an. In dorso. the 17. of H. 7. till his death, left issue two Daughters his heirs; viz. Dorothe Ex au­tog. pe­nes S. Clerke Bar. first marryed to Edw. Cave, and afterwards to George Ashby; who had, upon partition Ex au­tog. pe­nes S. Clerke Bar. made of that inheritance 26. H. 8. the Mannour of Winwick in Northampt-sh. with certain lands in Stretton, and Paylington in this County; as also in Swinford Com. Leic. And Margery Ex au­tog. pe­nes S. Clerke Bar. first married to Clement Cave; but afterwards to Iohn Cope; which Margery, having this Mannour of Newbold assigned to herupon the said partition, with certain lands in Esenhull be­fore specified, joyned with her second Husband Iohn Cope 12. Oct. 29. H. 8. in the sal [...] Ib. F. le­vat. T. Mich. 29. H. 8. of this Man­nour to Thomas Pope, then Treasurer of the Court of Augmentation; which Thomas Pope by his deed dated 14. Iulii 30. H. 8. past it to Will. Whorwood Solicitour generall to the K. whose Daughter and heir Margaret became the wife of Thomas Throg­morton Esq. Son and heir unto Sir Rob. Throg­morton of Coughton Kt. which Thomas and Mar­garet sold it to Sir William Stamford one of the Justices of the K. Bench: From whom it descen­ded to Sir Robert Stamford Kt. his son and heir, who left it to Charls Stamford a younger son; of whom Elizabeth the widow of Iohn Alderford of Abbots-Salford Esq. purchased it for Edward Morgan her son by ..... Morgan a former Hus­band: which Edward sold it to Sir Sym. Clarke Baronet, the owner thereof an. 1640.



OF this place I shall not need to say much; for as to the Etymologie of the name, what I have exprest in Copston-parva will serve turn. And, that it was given by Geffrey Wirce to the Monastery of St. Nich. at Angiers in 12 Will. Conq. what I have said in my discourse of Monks­kixby will manifest.

That it continued in the hands of those Monks, as parcell of the possessions of the Priory-alien of Monkskirby, and past therewith to the House of Carthusians, founded in the Ile of Axholme in 20 R. 2. I have likewise signified in Monkskir­by: as also, that upon the dissolution of the Re­ligious houses in 31 H. 8. it came to the Crown; for all which I shall refer my Reader to the Re­cords there cited, not being able to give any fur­ther account thereof.


THis place, by reason of another not farre off, which hath the same appellation, hath been antiently distinguished from that, by these severall additions; scil. Ex autog. penes Basil. Com. Den­bigh. Newnham juxta Kirkby-monach. Newnham Cart. 33 E. 1. n. 15. parva, Cold Ex au­tog. penès eund. Com. Newnham; and lastly Newnham Padox Ex au­tog. penès eund. Com., by reason of a little Park formerly there, as 'tis like.

In the Conq. Survey Domesd. lib. it is rated for one Hide, valued at lx. s. and written Niweham, Geffrey Wirce (of whom I have spoke in Kirby) being then possest thereof; with the rest of whose lands it came to Nigel de Albani (as in Kirby I have intimated) and was, towards the end of H. 2. time, as I guess, granted by Nigel de Moubray (Grand-child to the said Nigell) unto Roger de Newham: for of this Roger is there no mention in 12 of that Kings reign, when Roger de Moubray certified his Knights Fees: but afterwards I find, Lib. rub. in Scac. f. 134. [...]an cedula. that the same Roger de Newham held one Kts. Fee of Nigel de Munbray before mentioned, which was, doubtlesse, for this place.

To whom succeeded VVill. de Niweham, who in 11 Ioh. accounted Rot. P. 11 Ioh. for vii. marks towards the making up for Will. de Molbray that Fine he payd to the King for part of his inheritance, concerning which he was impleaded by VVill. de Stutevill. From which VVilliam (who is stiled Ex autog. penès eund. Com. Dominus VVillielmus de Newnham, which ar­gues he was a Kt.) it came Esc. 29 E. 1. n. 80. in process of time to Philip; and was in 6 E. 3. by him setled, F. levat. xv. Mich. 6 E. 3. for want of issue, on Robert his Brother for life; the remainder to Iohn another Brother, and the heirs of his Body; and for default of such issue on Ioane, Sister to the said Iohn: And for lack of issue by her, on Mariot his other Sister, with remainder to the right heirs of the said Ioane, then wife of Roger Ryvell. But from this Philip, descending Ex autog. penès eundem Com. two Daughters and heirs; viz. Kath. Ex autog. penès eundem Com. marryed to Iohn Collard, and Isabell Ex autog. penès eundem Com. to Walter Whitehorse, the same Iohn and Catherine, in 36 E. 3. past F. le­vat. 3. sept. Pasch. 36 E. 3. their title therein unto the said Walter and Isabell; en­tayling F. le­vat. 3. sept. Pasch. 36 E. 3. it upon the heirs of the Body of her the said Isabell, with remainder to the right heirs of Walter. Which Walter had issue Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. Sir Raph White­horse Kt. who in 16 R. 2. granted Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. it to VVill. Giffard and others. From whom, as also from Sir Will. Bagot Kt. (who it seems had an estate in trust therein) it was convey'd Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. in 18 R. 2. to Iohn Leventhorpe, Thomas Totty and others, but to the use of the said Iohn Leventhorpe; which Iohn in 3 H. 5. agreeing upon a price with Tot­ty, levyed F. levat. T. Tim. 3 H. 5. a Fine thereof to him and his heirs; upon condition, Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. that the money should be forth­with payd: but the said T. Totty, going presently beyond Sea where he was made Captain Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. of the Castle of Rysbanke (neer Caleys) and a Knight to boot; (for so was he after stiled) hapned to be slain Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. at the battail of Marke, so that the bargain could not be compleated. Whereupon the before specified Iohn Leventhorpe, being fully siezed of it as his own right, by his deed Ex au­tog. pe­nès e­undem Com. bearing date 11 Nov. 12 H. 6. past it to Iohn Fildyng and his heirs: which Iohn was great-Grand-Child to Rob. de Newnham before specified, as the Pedegree here inserted sheweth; and paternally of a very noble

  • Ib.
    Philippus de Neunham. -
    • Ib.
      Iohanna filia & haeres. -
      Alanus de Kilworth
      • Ib.
        Philippus de Newnham.
        • :::::::
          • Ib.
            Cath. uxor Ioh. Collard.
          • Ib.
            Isabella ux. Walt. Whitehorse.
            • Ib.
              Rad. Whitehorse miles 16 R. 2.
      • Ib.
        Robertus de Newnham.
        • Ib.
          Iohanna filia & haeres. -
          Will. Prud home
          • Ib.
            Iohanna filia & haeres. -
            Wil. Fildyng
            • Ib.
              Ioh. Fildyng 12 H. 6.

extraction; viz. from the Earls of Hapspurg in Germany, as is apparent from divers authentique evidences Penès praefat. Co­mit. Denb., whereof I shall only give these two for instance; the one a Letter of Atturny made by Geffrey his grandfather, bearing date at Munsterton (Com. Leic.) on the feast day of S. Barnabas the Apostle 9 Edw. 2. in which he calls himself filius Galfridi, filii Galfridi Comitis de Hapsburg, & do­mini in Laufenburg, & Rinfilding in Germania: and wherein, by the consent of Agnes de Napton his wife, he gives power to VVill. Purefey to deli­ver seisin of his Mannour of Munsterton, before specified unto Sir Rauf de Stanlow; as also of one yard land in Lutterworth, which his Mother Maud de Colvile sometime held: And the other an Accquittance made by the said Sir Raufe upon the receipt from him of xli sterling, wherein he menti­ons his descent as abovesaid; which Acquittance bears date at Westm. 5 Iulii 12 E. 2.

And that it may not seem strange, that a forreign­er, so eminent for his parentage, should thus set­tle here in England, I have here added what I find in an antient MS. Ibid. written about K. Edw. 4. time, which manifesteth the occasion thereof, Memoran­dum quod Galfridus Comes Hapsburgicus propter [Page 58] oppressiones sibi illatas à Comite Rodolpho, qui po­stea electus erat Imperator, ad summam pauperta­tem redactus, unus ex filiis suis, nomine Galfridus militavit in Anglia sub Rege Henrico tertio. Et quia pater ejus Galfridus Comes habuit praetensiones ad certa dominia in Lauffenburg & Rinfelden, re­tinuit sibi nomen de Felden, Anglicè Filding; & reliquit ex Matilda de Colevile uxore sua Galfri­dum, Johannem & Thomam tunc pueros. Galfr. Filding duxit in uxorem Agnetem filiam Joh. de Napton, qui fuit frater Roberci de Napton mil [...]tis, ex Alicia filia Ricardi de Misterton uxoris suae, & habuit exitum Will. Filding, qui duxit in uxorem Johannam filiam Will. Prudhome, ex Juliana filia & haerede Roberti de Newnham; & ex illa genuit Joh. Filding militem, qui ex Margareta Purfrey uxore sua genuit Will. Fild [...]ng mil. qui quidem Will. duxit in uxorem Agne [...]em de Seyton, & ha­buit exitum Johannem, Everardum, Edw. & Mar­tinum Filding.

It seems that K. Henr. 3. much tendring the con­dition of the before specified Geffrey, who was in Armes on his part here in England, as by what is above exprest may appear, gave him a considera­ble support in Rents and Fees lying in sundry pla­ces: For in a Roll Ibid. of them yet extant, and writ­ten in E. 3. time, whereunto the title is Redditus & feoda Willielmi Filding filii Galfridi, filii Gal­fridi, filii Galfridi Comitis de Hapsberg, Lauffen­berg & Rinfelden, in the margent thereof is this in [...]ertion Ex dono quondam Regis Henrici filii Re­gis Johannis. As the testimony of these things is, in truth, of much honour to those of this Family; so do I perceive that it hath heretofore had no lesse estimation amongst them: for in an old Book Ibid. sometime belonging to the Hospital of S. Iohn Bapt. in Lutterworth, I find this written Notum sit om­nibus hunc librum visuris, quod ego Willielmus Ve [...]sy Magr. Hosp. S. Joh. Bapt. de Lutterworth praesent sui quando Joh. Fylding, qui postea erat miles, codem anno quo inserviebat Johannem du­cem Bedfordiae in Bello contra Gallos, tradidit mul­tas veteres scripturas custodiendas Thomae Bellers Gentilman, quae certificabant dominum Galfridum Felding filium fuisse Galfridi Comitis de Hapsburg &c. (ut supra) And likewise this following ex­pression Ex vet. membr. pe­nès cundem Com. made by Sir Will. Filding Kt. who lived in H. 8. time, The Evidence of all these things was left with VVill. Cave the son of Thomas Cave Gentleman, by Sir VVilliam Filding befor the bat­tail of Tewksbery, and a Bill of remembrance of the same after given to Ric. Cave, which was also written in the book of VVill. Veysy Mayster of the Hospitall of S, Iohn Bapt. of Lutterworth.

This was the bok of my Fader Syr Everard Fylding.

That they have antiently born for their Armes three Lozenges upon a Fesse, some Seals to Penès e­undem Com. Deeds before date; as also of K. E. 3. and Ric. 2. time do testifie: and for their Crest sometimes an Eagle and at other a Palm Tree, though of later times alter­ed. And that these matches with Napton and Prud­home before specified, were heirs, the quarterings on those their Monuments at Monkskirby are sa­tisfaction enough. But I return. This Iohn having served in the warrs of France and been dignified with the honour of Knighthood, as by what is be­fore exprest appeareth, left issue VVilliam his son and heir, a person so well affected to the Lanca­strian side in the Civill Wars betwixt that and the House of York, that no sooner did K. H. 6. regain his soveraignty (viz. in 49 of his reign) but that he constituted Rot. F. 49 H. 6. m. 9. him Shiriff of the Counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon, being then Claus. 17. E. 4. m. 16. a Kt. In which year, fighting on the behalf of the said K. in that memorable battail of Tewksbury, he lost Stow's Annals Lel. I­tin. vol. 6. f. 93. his life, and was there buried Stow's Annals Lel. I­tin. vol. 6. f. 93..

This Sir William, by Agnes the Daughter and Ex au­tog. pe­nès. e­undem Com. heir of Seton, with whom he had Ex au­tog. pe­nès. e­undem Com. the Lordship of Martinsthorp in Rutland, and a descent Ex au­tog. pe­nès. e­undem Com. in blood from those great families of Vaux, Long­vile, and Bellers (a younger branch Ex vet. membr. pe­nès G. Las. cels de Knighton in Com. Not. of Mou­bray) left Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. issue Everard Fildyng his son and heir, Shiriff Rot. F. 21. E. 4. m. 6. of this County and Leicestersh, Polyd. Virg. hist. Angl. p. 573 n. 40. in 21. E. 4. and in 2 H. 7. a Commander in the Kings Army at the battail of Stoke juxta Newarke: So likewise at Ex vet. membr. pe­nès eundem Com. Black-heath in Kent in 12 H. 7. which Everard, being made Rot. pe­nès H.S. George Norroy. Kt. of the Bath at the marriage of Prince Arthur in 15 of that King's reign, was Custos Ex autog. penès prae­fat. Com. Rotulorum in the County of Leic. within two years after. And by his Testa­ment, Holder Q. 5. bequeathing his body to be buried before the Altar of our blessed Lady in the Black-Fry­ers at Northampton, departed Holder Q. 5. this life in 6 H. 8. leaving issue by Ex sene­stra apud Neunham. Iellis Russell his wife, VVill. Fildyng Esq. Shiriff Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. of Rutlandshire in 11 and 12. as also in Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. 18 H. 8. but afterwards Kt. who having been imployed about raising forces out of his Tenants, and otherwise, for the Wars of France and Scotland in the time of H. 8. as by severall Privy Seals Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. appeareth, assisted like­wise with no lesse than xvi. Horse at his own char­ges against the Scots; as from the Registers, some­time belonging to the Councell-table, hath been observed: As also Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. with ten able persons, most Archers and Gunners, in that Navall preparation made by the same King under the conduct of the Earl of Southampt. for preventing such attempts as might be exercised by the Pope or his Agents, whose Supremacy he had abolished: And was in such esteem with Q. Iane (third wife to the said K. H.) that in 29 H. 8. upon her delivery of Prince Edward, she sent a Privy-Seal Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. unto him, signifying the same, with desire of his congratulation and prayers.

This Sr Will. by Eliz. Daughter Inscrip. tumuli a­pud Kirby. mon. to Sr Thomas Pultney of Misterton Kt leaving issue Basill dyed Esc. 2 E. 6. 24 Sept. 2. E. 6. which Basill was Shiriff Rot. P. 11 Eliz. of this County in 11 Eliz. and took to wife Inscrip. tumuli a­pud Kirby. Godith, se­cond of the 7 Daughters and coheirs to Will. Wil­lington of Barcheston Esq by whom he had issue William, Shiriff Rot. P. de iis. dem an. of this County also in 31 Eliz. and thrice of Rutland; viz. Rot. P. de iis. dem an. 24, 34, and 40 Eliz. who being afterwards a Kt by Dorothy the Daugh­ter Ex autog. penès eun­dem Com. to Sr Raph Lane (by a Daughter and coheir to the Lord Parre of Horton) had issue Basill, Shi­riff of this County in 9 Iac. which Basill by Eliz. Daughter to Sir Walter Aston of Tixshall Kt had issue William, Lord of this place an. scil. 1640. who, being Knighted by K. Iames about the be­ginning of his reign; (and after made Custos Ro­tulorum in this County) was in 18 thereof advan­ced to the dignity Rot. Cart. de iisdem an. of Baron and Vicount Fildyng: And in 20, ob generis claritatem, & nuptias admo­dum honorandas; sed praecipuè ob eximiam virtutem, & erga nos & Coronam nostram, fidem, as the words of that Charter Rot. Cart. de iisdem an. import [...] created Earl of Denbigh. And having been constituted Master of the great Wardrobe, and Admirall at Sea in severall expe­ditions, did likewise, by his marriage with Susan, Sister to George late D. of Buck. not a little enlarge the honour of this Family.


In another Window of the Parlour

[Page] [Page]

In the parlour Window at Newnham.


THis was, antiently a village of many dwel­lings, but long since depopulated,Chron. M S. I. R [...]us in bibl. Cot­ton. p. 144. so that there remains now no more than the Mannour House, and that reduced to so mean a condition, as 'tis scarce capable of any Inhabitant, other than an ordinary Fe [...]mour, the grounds, for the most part, being converted to Sheep-pasture. Of later times it hath been, by the vulgar, called Cester-Over, which occasioned Mr. Cambden in his Britannia to represent it as a place of great antiquity, and no less then a City in the Romans time: to which o­pinion, the adjacency of Watlingstreet did, as it seems, the more encline him. But that addition, which is, by the corrupt pronunciation of the vul­gar called Cester [...] should, in truth, be Thester; for so 'tis antiently written, as I shall shew a­non, and not used, neither till a long time after the Conquest: for in Domesday-Book it is cal­led Wara, where the place now called Church-Over is written Waure, as well as Wara; and Browns-Over also Waure, and Wara, as I have already shew'd, with the reason thereof.

As for this addition of Thester, for distinction from the other towns before mentioned, it is no more than to signify the Eastern situation thereof from Monkskirby, in which Parish it is; and so by contracting two words into one, viz. The Easter, or The Eastward, for the more brief ex­pression is called and written Th'ester.

  • Domes­day lib.
    Robertus, temp. Conq.
    • :::::
      • Lib. rub. f. 134. a. in scedula.
        Robertus de Waure temp. H. 2.
        • Regist. de Pipwell f. 139. a.
          Will. de Wavere. dom. de Thester-Waver 3. R. 1.
          • Ex au­tog. penès me W. D.
            Will. cognom. de Blith.
          • Rob. de Waver miles - Emma filia Rogeri Pantolf, & cohaeres Will. Pantolf fratris sui.
            • Will. de Waver, miles 35. H. 3. obiit 56. H. 3. - Johanna haeres Rob. de Hayrun dom. de Church-Lalleford.
              • Will. de Waver 35. E. 1. - Alicia filia Rob. Lovet de Neuton 35. E. 1.
                • Robertus de Thestre-Waure. 20. & 47. E. 3.
                  • Ioh. Waver de Thestrewaver 10. H. 6
                    • Christiana filia .... lakes. - Hen. Waver miles Alderman­nus Civit. Lond. obiit. 10 E. 4.
                      • Joh. Waver
                      • Thomas Waver.
                      • Henr. Waver fil. & haeres ob. 19. E. 4.
                        • Will. Brown. ar 1 maritus. - Christiana filia & haeres. aet. 5. an. 19 E. 4. ob. 37. H. 8. - Humfr. Dimock ar. 2. maritus.
                          • Ioh. Browne - [...]sabella.
                            • Edw. Browne ar. consangu. & haeres Christianae. aet. 22. an. 37. H. 8 [...]

In the Conq. dayes Geffrey Wirce (of whom I have so often made mention) possest it; at which time, being certified to contain 5. Hides, and ha­ving a Mill, it was valued at xl. s. one Robert then holdng it of the said Geffrey; which Robert was paternall Ancestour (as I conceive) to the family of Waure, written afterwards Waver; who, assuming their Sirname from hence, flourished here till toward the end of E. 3. time, as this descent manifesteth.

But the first of this line, touching whom I have found any thing of note, is Sir Rob. de Wavere Reg. de Pipwel f. 137. b Kt. who wedded Reg. de Pipwel f. 137. b Emma one of the two Daugh­ters of Sir Roger Pantolf Kt. (Lord of Neubold-Pantolf) and coheirs to Will. their Brother.

This Sir Robert was a good benefactor Reg. de Cumba f. 112. a. to the Monks of Combe; for, besides the grant of 2. yard land, common for 100. Sheep, 24. Beasts, and 30. Hoggs; for xxii. marks of silver he gave Reg. de Cumba f. 112. a. them 96. acres of errable land lying in this village, with his Body to be buried in that Monastery; appointing the like solemnity to be performed for his Obit, as for a Monk of that Covent.

To him succeded Sir William, Reg. de Pipw. f. 143. b. his Son and heir, who wedded Reg. de Cumba [...]. 61. a. Iuliana heir to Rob. Hayrun, Lord of Church-Lawford; Which Sir VVill. in 35. H. 3. founded Ex Re­gist. al­bo pe­nès D [...]c. & Cap. Lich. f. 107. a Chantry in the Priory of Monks­kirby, and endowed Ex Re­gist. al­bo pe­nès D [...]c. & Cap. Lich. f. 107. it with certain lands and Rents lying in Cosford. In 38. H. 3. he was appointed Eschaetor Claus. 38. H. 3. m. 4. for this County; but, ha­ving the K. speciall warrant Claus. 39. H. 3. m. 14. to be freed of that office, in case he were not willing to undergoe it, as the Abbot of Pershore (generall Eschaetor on this side Trent) affirmed to the K. he procured a discharge Claus. 39. H. 3. m. 14.: and in 41 H. 3. obteined a Charter Cart. 41. H. 3. m. 2. to himself and his heirs for a weekly Mercate here upon the Tuesday; and a Fair once a year to last for three days, viz. on the Even of St. Iames, and two days following.

In 45 H. 3. he was constituted Pat. 45. H. 3. In dorso. one of the Justices for the Gaol delivery at Warwick: but in 48 H. 3. adhering to the rebellious Barons, then in armes, was taken M S. Ox­on. in bibl. Bodl. 8. v. 8. Th. [...]. 138. b. at Northampton, and im­prisoned; his lands being given Claus. 51. H. 3. m. 2. In dorso. to Roger de Some­ry (Baron of Dudley.) But afterwards, taking be­nefit of the Dictum de Kenilworth, he had the K. lettersPat. 50. H. 3. m. 35. of safe conduct for access to the Court; and, compounding with the same Roger, had all his lands restored Claus. 51. H. 3. ut suprà. again, except the Mannour of Merston (now called Wavers-Merston, in this County) which by agreement betwixt themselves, the said Roger and his heirs was, in considerati­on of his Fine, to have.

After which he was again admitted to employ­ments of trust, as appears by those Commissions Pat. de iisdem an. In dorso. of 52.53. and 54. H. 3. for the Gaol delivery at Warwick: and Esc. 56. H. 3. dyed in 56 H. 3. leaving Ro­bert his Son and heir of full age, and then marryed. Whose Grand-child, Robert, past Ex autog. penès G. Shirley Bar.away the in­heritance of this Lordship to Iohn Lovet of New­ton in 32 E. 3. Unto which Iohn succeeded VVill. Lovet of Liscumbe in Com. Buck. who, in 9 R. 2. granted F. levat. crast. Mart. 9. R. 2. Record. xv. Pasch. 14. R. 2. 12. mess. 3. tofts, and 13. yard land, lying within this Lordship and Cosford, in reversion after the death of Clementia his Mother, then the wife of Iohn Paraunt, unto VVill. Pu­refey (of Church-Over) and his heirs: from whom they descended to VVill. his Grand-child: for in 10. H. 6. I find, Rot. in Scac. penès Rem. R. that he, and one Iohn VVa­ver were certified to be Lords of this Mannour. [Page 61] But, for ought I perceive, the family of Waver, notwithstanding its interest here, was at that time very low, and might have sunk to nothing, had not the industry of Henry, Cittizen and Draper of Lon­don rais'd it up again: for he it was (being question­lesse a branch of this antient house) that in 39. H. 6. First, obtaining a lease Claus. 39. H. 6. m. 6. In dorso. from Will. Broke gent. son and heire to Elene Brooke late of Astwell in Com. Northampt. of the one moytie of this man­nour, for the naturall life of himself and xii. years after, upon the re [...]t of xi. l. per. ann. sterling, pay­able at Easter and Michaelmass by even portions; purchased Claus. 5. E. 4 m. 21. In dors. the inheritance thereof from the said William, in 5. E. 4. as also, at the same time, bought Claus. 5. E. 4 m. 21. In dors. the other moytie of Will. Bate of Mel­burne in Com. Derb. Esq. In which year, on As­cension day, being one Stow's survey p. 569. of the Shiriffs for the Citty of Lo [...]don, he was made Knight of the Bath. Whereupon, resolving to restore this antient feat of his Progenitors, not only to the condition wherein it formerly stood, but to add a greater lustre there­to, the next year ensuing, obteined a speciall Pa­tentPa [...]. 5. E. 4. p. 2. m. 11. from the King to rebuild it with Turrets and Walls embattelled; and to inclose 500. acres of Land and Pasture, with 20. acres of wood for a Parke: and moreover to have a Court-Leet here, with Free-warren, and fishing in all his demesn lands belonging thereto.

This wealthy Alderman, by his Testament Godin Q. 31., bearing date 4. Febr. 9. E. 4. (and proved in Au­gust following) bequeathed his body to be buried in the Church of St. Peter in Cornhill, before the Image of St. George there. And gave Godin Q. 31. to the Dean and Chanons of S. Steph. Chappell This is now the House of Commons for the Parl. at West­minster and their successors an annuall Rent of 5. marks sterling, to endure for xx. years next after his decease; so that they should pray for his soul, and keep on Obit there during the said xx. years, with Placebo and Mass of Requiem by Note, for his Soul, and for the Souls of Sir Thomas Haseley Kt. and Annes his wife, and all Christian Souls. And willed, that his Son Harry should have this man­nour of Thesturwaver to him and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten; and for want of such issue to his Son Thomas; with the like remainder to his Son Iohn: as also to Eliz. and Anne, daughters of the testator. Bequeathing likewise an annuity of xx. s. sterling out of it, to the Parson and War­dens of the Church of Monkskirby, to keep an Obit, with Placebo and Dirige, and Mass of Re­quiem by Note, yearly, in the said Church of Monkskirby, for his Soul; and for the Souls of his Father and Mother; making a certain distribu­tion in money to poor people there.

Which Henry, (the younger) dyed Es [...]. 19. E. 4. n. 64. 19. E. 4. leaving Christian his onely child but 5. years of age; the custody Pat. 21. E. 4 p. 2. of whose lands was committed to Thomas Points Esq. 21. E. 4. during her mino­rity. This Christian first Esc. 37. H. 8. marryed to Will. Brown Esq.; who being a Justice of peace in this Coun­ty, from Pat. de ijsdem ann. In dorso. 18. H. 7. till his death; and making his residence here, built the Gate-house of timber now standing, as appears by the Armes carved thereon, which I have below exprest: but afterwards be­came wife Esc. 37. H. 8. to Humfry Dimock Esq., and dyed Esc. 37. H. 8. 29. Martii 36. H. 8. leaving Edw. Brown, her grand­child and next heire; (viz. Son and heire of Iohn Brown, deceased in her life time.) Which Edward, the year following his grand-mothers death, sold F. levat. T. Mich. 37. H. 8. it to Sir Fulke Grevill Kt. From whom it descen­ded to Sir Fulke his grandchild, created Lord Brooke of Beauchamps-court, 9. Jan. 18. Iac. By which meanes it is come to Robert Lord Brook, his heire adopted, together with Beauchamps-court, and other fair possessions.


I have now but a word or two more to say, and then shall I leave this great parish of Monkskir­by; which is to observe, that part of the old Roman way, called Fosse, leading through it, lyes open like a ditch, having not been filled with stones and gravell in such sort as in most other places it is. And, that on the West-side thereof stands an eminent, Tumulus, whereupon a Beacon is now situate, but antiently some noted Bush, as 'tis like, in regard it bears the name of Cloudsley-bush to this day. But touching these Tumuli I have already spoke in my discourse of Knightlow-hill, and therefore shall now say no more, then that 'tis hard to guess, whether this had at first its name from one Claudius a Ro­man Souldier, whose place of sepulture it was; or from the Brittish word Claude, signifying a ditch, because it is so near the Fosse.

Harborow magna.

FOllowing the stream of Swift, I come next to Harborow, commonly called Great Harbo­row, in wich parish there is onely one village more; viz. Little-Harborow; but antiently they were not divided. In the Conq. time Ric. Fore­starius (of whom I shall speak in Chesterton) held Doms­day lib. 4. hides and a half here, which were then valued at xx. s.; and whereof, before the Conquest, 4. Theins Free ser­vit [...]urs to the K. or some great person. were possest. At that time there was one Anseisus who held also 4. hides more in this place; which in Edw. the Conf. time were the freehold of Bruning. These were likewise valued at xx. s., there being then a Priest (which shews that it had a Church so ancient) and a Mill rated at xvi. d. In that Record Doms­day lib. it is written Herde­berge, which gives me occasion to conjecture, that the name at first arose, partly from the situation, and party from the herds of cattell there kept, the old English word [...] signifying a Hill.

When it went out of the hands of these persons above specified I am not able to shew; but long it was not, ere that a family, assuming their sirname from hence, possest a great part thereof: howbeit the residue, in substance, with the advouson of the Church (being that part, it seems, which Anseius held in the Conq. time) did very antiently come to the family of Langley: for it appears, Reg. de Cumba f. 65. a. that Gef­frey de Langley gave some part thereof to the Monks of Combe in H. 2. time; and that Geffrey; (his grandchild) in 39. H. 3. sold Ib. f. 69. b. to them all the rest that he had here, amounting to 2. carcucats; reser­ving only the said advouson, and a rent of x. li. vj. s. sterling per ann. to himself and his heires, issuing out of those carucats, and payable in the great Church of Coventre, on Christmas eve, Easter eve, Midsummer eve, and Michaelmass eve, by equall portions. But I returne to the line of Herdeberge.

  • Ansketillus
    Rot. P. 16. H. 2.
    de Herdeberg. 16. H. 2.
    • Hugo de Her­deberg 1. H. 3.
      • Pat. 33. H. 3. In d.
        Rog. de Herdebergh 33. H. 3.
        • Claus. 53. H. 3. m. 8.
          Hugo de Herbergh 53. H. 3. -
          Plac. de de ban­co T. Mich. 14. E. Rot. 44.
          Isabella relicta 14. E. 3.
          • Plac. de de ban­co T. Mich. 14. E. Rot. 44.
            Rog. de Herdeberg mortuus 14. E. 1. -
            Plac. de de ban­co T. Mich. 14. E. Rot. 44.
            Ida, relicta. 14. E. 1.
            • Ela filia & cohaeres, infra aet. 14. E. 1. primò nupta Walt. de Hopton; s [...]cundò Will. le Boteler, de cujus progenie vide in Willey.
            • Isabella filia & cohaeres. - Joh. de Hulls 33. E. 1.
              • Claus. 18. E. 2. m. 27.
                Ela, [...]ive-Ioh. fil. Ioh. Alicia, f. de Peto & cohaeres 2. maritus 18. E. 2. - Joh. de Langley
                • F. le­vat. xv. Pasch. 4. E. 3.
                  Galfr. de Langley defunctus 4. E. 3. -
                  F. le­vat. xv. Pasch. 4. E. 3.
                  Maria 18. E. 3. -
                  F. le­vat. xv. Pasch. 4. E. 3.
                  Will de Kareswell 2. maritus, defunctus 33. E. 3.
                  • F. le­vat. xv. Pasch. 4. E. 3.
                    Galfr. Lang­ley defunctus 33. E. 3.
                    • Rot. F. 33. E. 3. m. 14.
                      Iohanna filia & haeres, aet. 17. ann. 33. E. 3. ux. Ioh. filii Alani de Cherleton militis.
                  • Claus 46. E. 3. m. 23. In dorso.
                    Petrus Careswell miles 46. E. 3.
              • Claus. 18. E. 2. m. 27.
                Dionysia filia & co­haeres ux. Ioh. de Watervill 18. E.
    • Claus. 11. H. 3. In dorso.

Of these, Hugh de Herdeberg, was one of that number; who, being in armes against K. Iohn, return'd Claus. 1. H. 3. p. 1. m. 2. to obedience in 1. H. 3. having then restitution of his lands seized on for that offence. His grandson, Hugh, in 3. E. 1. was constituted pat. 3. E. 1. In dorso. one of the Justices for the gaol-delivery at War­wick.

Whose son Roger left onely two Plac. de banco T. Mich. 14. E. 1. Rot. 44. daughters, be­twixt whom the inheritance of this mannour hap­ned to be divided, as it seemes; for it appears F. levat. Oct. Trin. 33. E. 1., that Ela the widow of Walter Hopton, in 33. E. 1. passing a way her right to Iohn Hulls and Isabell her sister, and the heires of the said Isabell, it came to Ela one of the daughters and coheirs of the said Isabell; who, taking to her second husband Iohn de Peyto, joyned Ex au­togr. penès .... Wal­dron gen. with him in the entayling there­of upon her issue by the said Iohn; with remain­der to Sir Walter Hopton Kt. and his heirs (son to the before specified Walter, as I guess). By which means it divolved Ib. to Sir Iohn Hopton Kt., whose posterity, in 1. H. 5. obtained Ib. that interest which Iohn de Langford, son of Henry de Langford, had here: for some title they had, it seems, by descent from one of the coheirs to Will. le Boteler, second hus­band to Ela de Herdeberg before specified, as the descent in Willy doth manifest. Of these Hopton's the last was Walter, who departed Esc. 1. E. 4. n. 42. this life in 1. E. 4. seized of the moytie of this mannour; leaving Eliz. Esc. 1. E. 4. n. 42. his sister and heire then 30. years of age, and wedded Esc. 1. E. 4. n. 42. to Roger Corbet of Morton in Com. Sa­lop, from whom descended Robert Corbet, who died Lib. 5. ce­dul. 30. Maii. 25. Eliz. leaving Eliz. and Anne his daughters and heires within age.

As for the other moitie [...]tis plain, that Iohn de Langley, first husband to Ela, one of the daugh­ters and coheirs to Iohn de Hulls, and descendant to Geffrey before mentioned, had it in the right of the said Ela; whose posterity past it away to Sir Baldwin Frevill, the elder, as it seemes: for plain it is, that upon the partition Ex au­togr. pe­nès Ioh. Ferrer [...] ar. of Frevill's lands, betwixt the sisters and heires of the last Sir Baldwin in 31. H. 6. th [...] same moitie (there called the man­nour) was allotted Ex au­togr. pe­nès Ioh. Ferrer [...] ar. to Thomas Ferrers Esq. in right of Eliz. his wife, the eldest of those coheirs: by which mea [...]s it descended to his posterity, Lords of Tamworth-castle, as by severall Esc. 14. H. 7. Esc. 1. & 2. Ph. & M. authorities appeareth. But as for the x. li. vi s. rent, and ad­vouson of the Church, I find F. levat. xv. Pasch. 4. E. 3. that Sir Peter Cares­well Kt. son and heire to Sir Will. Careswell, second husband of Mary, wife to Geffrey de Langley [...] son and heire to the abovementioned Iohn and Ela, obtained it; and by their deed Claus. 46. E. 3. m. 28. In dorso., bearing date 45. E. 3. granted them unto the before specified Sir Baldwin and his heires; by which means they di­volved also, with the mannour, unto the family of Ferrers.

In An. 1291. (19. E. 1.) the Church (dedica­ted to All Saints, was valued Cod. MS. in Scacc. at vii. marks and a half; but in 26. H. 8. at MS. pe­nès S. A. eq. aur. f. 39. a. xiv. l. xiii. s. ii. d. over and above ix. s. vi. d. allowed for Procurations and Synodals.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
D. Ioh. de Langford, miles.
Rob. de Farendon. 13. Kal. Ian. 1305.
Langt. f. 7. a.
D. Will. de Cavers­well, miles.
Adam de Sadyngton Pbr. 5. Kal. Martij 1335.
Northb. f [...] 29. a.
D. Will. de Cavers­well, miles.
Will. de Thornton cap. Kal. Martij 1336.
Ib. f. 30. a. Strett. f. 8. b.
Ioh. Trillow, Domi­nus de Pinleye.
Hen. Caytewayte Pbr. 6. Id. Aug. 1361.
[Page 63] Fulco Bermyncham, miles Procur. ge­neralis, Baldw. Fre­vill, militis.
Ib. f. 15. b
Simon. de Eston. Pbr. 3. Kal. Martij 1366.
Adam de P [...]shale, mi­les.
[...]urg. f 15. a
Will. Layscheser. 8 Ian. 1404.
Adam de P [...]shale, mi­les.
Bull. [...]. 6. b
Will. Smyth, Cap. 8. Nov. 1417.
Tho. de Ferrers ar. Rog. Aston miles. Hugo Willoughby, ar,
Heyw. f. 6. a
Tho. Roxson, 8 Aug. 1421.
Tho. de Ferrers. Ric. Bingham. Rob. Aston ar.
Ib. s. 11. a
Ioh. Stodelay Cap. 20 Nov 1450.
Tho. Ferrers, ar,
Tho. Rogers Cap. 18 Oct. 1458.
Bowl. f. 27. b.
Tho. Ferrers mies.
D. Ioh. Paynell Pbr. ult. Maii 1497.
Ib. f. 202. a
Will. Wirley & alii, ex concess. Humfr. Ferrers de Tam­worth, militis.
Anselmus Seyll,
Str. & P. f. 17. b.
18 Ian. 1540.
Ioh. Ferrers.
Franc. Kymberley Cler. 16 Iunii 1557.
Samps. & B. f. 10. a
Tho. Basset de Brouns-Over, ex conc. Will. Boughton de Law­ford.
Tho. Basset sil. dicti. Thomae,
Morton bund. in­cert.
21 Dec. 1629.


OF this place have I met with nothing, but the mention of what the Abby of Combe, and Monks of Kirby had; viz. Rot. penès A.B. Combe 3. Mess. and 33 acres of Land; and the Monks of Kirby Esc. 29 E. 1. n. 80. the 4th part of a Kts. Fee.

Newbold super Avon.

THis is one of those places which Geffrey Wirce (before spoke of) held in the Conq. days; out of which he gave Ex autog. in bibl. Cotton. to the Monks of S. Nich. at Angiers two parts of the Tythes of corne and cattell, and all the Tythe of Wooll and Cheese; as also of the mill; and a man to gather them. After which time, by the generall Survey, it is cer­tified Domesd. lib. to contain 8 hides, then valued at C. s. and that Leuuinus held it before the Norman invasion: But with VVirce his lands it came to Nigel de Albani, progenitor to the family of Moubray (as I have formerly intimated) which Nigel enfeoft thereof Robert de Stutevill in H. 1. time, as it seemes: for in 12 H. 2. Roger de Moubray, son to the same Nigel, certified Lib. rub. f. 118. a, that Rob. de Stutevill then held of him 8 Kts. fees de veteri seoffamento [id est [...] whereof his Ancestour had been so enfeoft temp. H. 1.] the most whereof lay in York-shire, where the chief seat of this family was.

From which Robert descended Roger, as the Pe­degree on the next page inserted sheweth; who granted Ex col. S. Erd­swick in bibl. Deuves. p. 148. Reg. de Pipw. f. 37. a away this Lordship to Roger Pantolf, his nephew (by Burg [...]a his sister) to be held by the ser­vice of 1 Kts. Fee: all which was confirmed by the Charter Ex col. S. Erd­swick in bibl. Deuves. p. 148. Reg. de Pipw. f. 37. a of the said Burgia, and of Iseud Pantolf her grandchild.

But these Pantolfs enjoy'd it not long; for Will, the son and heire to the before specified Roger, dyed Ib. [...] without issue, leaving his two sisters his heirs; viz. Burgia and Emma. Which Burgia gave Ib. [...] her part to the Monks of Pipwell, and Emme marryed to Sir Robert de Waver Kt. (of whom in Thesterwaver I have spoke) which Will. Pantolf, before mentioned Ib. [...] betook him­self to a retired life, and resided in the Monastery of Pipwell, having a Chamber assigned him by the Monks there, where he determined to end his days, and to have been a good benefactor to them: but Ib. [...], on a time, the Monks removed him out of that lodging, in respect of an entertainment they gave to a great Judge, who travailed (it seemes) that way; which caused him to take such distast, that he presently left the House, and came to Monks­kirby, where he after dyed, giving Ib. [...] to that Mo­nastery what he intended to Pipwell; viz. the capitall mess. or Mannour-house of this Ne [...]bold, with 3. carucates of Land, and fishing in the water of Avon..

To Sir Rob. de Waver and Emme, succeeded Ib. & f. 143. b. & 145. a. Sir Will. de Waver Kt. betwixt whom and the Monks of Pipwell partition Ib. & f. 143. b. & 145. a. was made in 35 H. 3. of all the Lands that belong'd to the said sisters and heirs, in respect that Burgia had given her part to that Monastery, as I have said, being at that time sirna­med de Bending. After which; viz. in 11 E. 1. the Abbot and Covent of Pipwell had (inter alia) Free-warren granted Cart. 11 E. 1. n. 33. to them in all their demesn Lands here in Newbold. And in 13 E. 1. they claimed Rot. de Quo w. a Court-Leet and divers other privi­ledges therein, for which they exhibited the Char­ters of K. R. 1. and K. H. 3. whereunto allowance was given. But, it seems that the Monks of Kir­by, having the Mannour-house, obtained some further grant of Lands in this Lordship afterwards: for in 4 E. 1. I find Rot. Hund. i [...] Scacc. [...] baga de Ragm., that they had the moytie of the Mannour (then written Newbold-Paunton) and in 33 E. 1. obtained Cart. 33 E. 1. n. 15. power to keep a Court-Leet for their Freeholders and Tenants here, with other priviledges. As also a Charter Ib. n. 63. of Fre [...] ­warren in all their demesn Lands of this place.Esc. 26 E. 3. [Page 64] Yet I perceive, that VVaver's interest in Newbold was not utterly quitted: fot in 26 E. 3. it appears Esc. 26 E. 3., that Thomas de VVaver held the 4th part of a Kts. fee here of Ioane late Countess of Kent, heir to Stuteville, as the descent sheweth.

  • Ord. vit. p. 575. C.
    Rob. de Stutevill se­nior, dictus Grundebeof.
    • Ib. p. 819. A. B. C.
      Rob. de Stutevill jun.
      • R. Hov f. 456 b. n. 30.
        Rob. de Stutevill.
        • R. H [...]v. f. 456. b. n. 30.
          Will. de Stutevill ob. 4. Ioh. s. p.
          • Rot. F. 6. H. 3.
            Nich. de Stutevil 14 H. 3.
            • Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Hugo Wac. -
              Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Iohan­na f. & haeres. -
              Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Hugo Bigot Com. Norf.
              • Reg. de Pipw. f. 37. a
                Baldw. Wake fil. & haeres Iohannae.
        • Rot.. F. 7. Ioh.
          Nich. de Stutevill frater & haeres.
      • Reg. de Pipw. f. 119. b
        Joh. de Stutevill 6 H. 2.
        • Reg. de [...]ipw. [...]. 120.
          Ioh. de Stute­vill
        • Reg. de [...]ipw. [...]. 120.
          Rog. de Stute­ville.
        • Ib. f. 37. a.
          Burgia. -
          Ib. f. 37. a.
          ..... Pan­tolf.
          • R [...]g. [...]e Pipw. f. 137. b.
            Rog. Pan­tolf. -
            Reg. de Pipw. f. 137. [...].
            R [...] ­heis.
            • Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Will. Pan­tolf ob. s. p.
            • Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Burgia soror & cohaer.
            • Reg. de Pipw. [...]. 37. a.
              Emma ux. Rob. de Wa­ver mil.
              • Reg. de Pipw. f. 37. a
                Will. de Waver.
          • Ex call. S. [...]d [...]w. p. 148.
            ... Pantolf.
            • Ex coll. S. E. p. 148.
              Iseud Pan­tolf. -
              Rot. F. 7 H. 3.
              Walter de Tats­hall.
              • R [...]g. [...]e Pipw. f. 137. b.
                Rob. de Tat­shall.
              • Fin. 7 H. 3.
                Rob. de Tatshall, duxit Mabi­liam sororem & haeredem Wil. de Albani Co. Arundeliae.

Which is it, as I think, that one VVill. Barbour purchased in E. 3. time: for I find, Ex au­togr. penès Ioh. Dalby de Brok­hampt. that the said VVill. bought certain Lands within the precinct of this Lordship, which descended Ex au­togr. penès Ioh. Dalby de Brok­hampt. to Iohn his son, by whose daughter and heir called Agnes Ex au­togr. penès Ioh. Dalby de Brok­hampt., wife to Richard Dalby of Brokhampton, they came to that Family, and had the reputation of a Mannour, whereof the said Richard died Esc. 20 E. 4. seized in 20. E. 4. leaving Robert his son and heir 30 years of age.

After the dissolution of the Monasteries, that which the Monks of Pipwell had here, came thus to be disposed of; viz. all those Lands called New­bold-grange to Edw. Boughton Esq. and his heirs, by a grant Pat. 33 H. 8 p. 6. from the Crown in 33 H. 8. but the Mannour one Thomas Wightman obtayned; who, in 4 Eliz. sold Pa [...]. 4 Eliz. p. 9. it to Sir Tho Leigh Kt. Alderman of London; whose great-granchild, Francis Lord Dunsmore had a confirmation Pat. 15. Car. of it from the K. in 15 Car.

But the other Mannour, which belong'd to the Monks of Kirby, did the Boughtons of Lawford obtain, as it seems; for in 15 Car. Will. Boughton Esq had the Kings confirmation Ib. thereof.

The Church (dedicated to St. Botulph) belong'd to the Monks of Kirby very antiently; for Geffrey Wirce granted Ex autog. in bibl. Cotton. to them the greatest part of the Tythes. And by a confirmation Ex au­tog. in offi­cio Armo­rum. thereof made to that Monastery from Roger de Stutevill, he re­lates to the grants, not onely of Iohn his father, but of his Ancestours (he means the former posses­sors thereof) viz. Geffrey de Wirce, and Nigel de Alba [...]i. In K. Iohns time G. Muschamp, then B. of Coventre, confirmed Ex autog. in bibl. Hatton. it to the said Monks of Kirby; upon condition, that during the then In­cumbent's time, whose name was Alardus, they might receive annually six marks out of it, and af­terwards two parts of the profits to their proper use: but that, to the third, the Prior of Kirby should present a fit Clerke to the Bishop, who was to dis­charg Synodals [...] & all other duties belonging thereto.

In the year 1291 (19 E. 1.) it was MS. in Scacc. valued at xix marks, and the Vicaridge at v. marks: but in 26 H. 8. the Vicaridge MS. pe­nès S.A. Eq. Aur. f. 39. a. was rated at viii l. xii s. over and above viii s. allowed for Procurations and Synodalls.

Patroni Vicariae.
Incumbentes &c.
Prior & monachi de Kirby.
Will. de Walton Cap. 4. Kal. Apr. 1335.
Northb. f. 28. a
Edw. Rex Angl. ra­tione temporal. Pr. de Kirby.
Ric. de Wyke Pbr. 7. Id. Apr [...] 1354.
Ib. f. 58. a.
Pr. & C. de Kirby.
Walt. de Frelond. 17. Kal. Dec. 1366.
Stret. f. 15. [...]
Dom. Rex, ratione temporal. Pr. de Kirby in manu sua.
Ric. Tofte Pbr. 14 Apr. 1393.
Sk. f. 8. a
Prior. & Conv. de Axholme.
Rog. Hunt,Burgh. f. 31 b.Cap. 12 Sept. 1412.
Prior. & Conv. de Axholme.
Tho Normanton Cap. 20. Nov. 1450.
Bo. f. 11. a
Prior. & Conv. de Axholme.
Ioh. Stamford Pbr. 29 Dec. 1458.
Bowl. f. 27. b.
D. Anna Comitissa Derb. ratione con­cess. Pr. & C. de Axholme.
Dom. Adam Halsall, 12 Apr. 1539.
Str. & P. [...]. 17. a
Dominus Rex.
Ioh. Coppull,
Samps. f. 44 a.
Cap. 10 Ian. 1544.
Ph. & M. Rex & Regina.
Will. Heather,
Samps. & B. f. 10. a
Cler. 15 Iu­nii, 1557.
Domina Regina.
Edw. Bowne,
Ib. f. 44. b
Cler. 17 Iulii, 1572.
Domina Regina.
Rog. Barker Cler. 5 Maii, 1575.
Ib. f. 46. a.
Iacobus Rex.
Ric. King,
Overton, bund. incert
Cler. 25 Iunii, 1604.
Tho. Gerard de Bur­well in Com. Can. tab. gen. ex concess. Edw. Boughton ar.
Henr. Wylde,
Neale, bund. in­cert.
S. Theol. Bac. 7 Maii, 1611.

As for the severall Monuments in this Church, I have represented them upon the ensuing pages: on the last whereof is this Epitaph.

Here lieth the Bodies of Edward Boughton Esq and Eliz. his wife, daughter of Edw. Catesby of Lapworth Hall in the County of Warw. Esq by whom he had issue two sons, Will. and Thomas; and one daughter, Katherine; which Thomas married Ju­dith one of the daughters and coheirs of Henry Ba­ker of South-Sowburie in the County of Essex Esq and Kath. married Will. Combe. of Stratford upon Avon in the Countie of Warw. Esq Which Edw. died the 9th of August 1625. and Eliz. died the 12th of Aprill 1619.

William the eldest son of the said Edw. married Abigaile the eldest daughter and coheir of the said Henry Baker Esq and had issue Edward, William, Humfrey, Elizabeth, and Abigaile: which Abigail wife of the said William dyed the 21 of Febr. 1635. and Eliz, died the 14 of Ian. 1632 and Abigaile di­ed the 4 of Sept. 1636.


OF this place do I find no mention till H. 2. t [...]me, where Will. de Stuteuill confirms Reg. de Pipwell, f. 37. a to Iohn de Stutevill, his kinsman, what Rob. de Stutevill, father of the said VVilliam, had given him in Neubold, Cosseford, and Lalleford: so that I conclude, that it was antiently a member of Neu­bold, [Page]






[Page] [Page 65] and involved therewith when that great Sur­vey was taken by the Conq. whereof I make men­tion so oft.

That Stutevill's lands in Newbold and this place (as a member thereof) were given to Pan­tolf, in marriage with Burgia, sister to Rog. de Stuteville, I have already shewed in Newbold. As also, how that Will. Pantolf, dying without issue, Burgia and Emme his sisters became his heirs. Which Emme, being marryed to Rob. de Waver, brought Ib. & f. 145. a. the greatest part hereof to that family: in which it continued Esc. 56. H. 3., and past with the Man­nour of Thester-waver, as may seem by some Re­cords which I have there cited.

As for what belong'd to the Monks of Pipwell, I find, that in 7 E. 6. the K. granted Pat. 7. E. 6. p. 10. it to Iohn Greene of the City of Westm. and Raph Hall of London Scrivener, and their heirs. Which Iohn, in 1, & 2 Ph. & M. had licence Pat. 1, & 2. Ph. & M. p. 14. to alien the same unto Eliz. Boughton; from whom, as it seems, they were afterwards granted to one Tho. Wightman Gent. for it appearsPat. 4. Eliz [...] p. 9., that, in 4 Eliz. the said Thomas had licence to pass them unto Sir Tho: Leigh Kt.


BEfore the Norman invasion, this was possest by the same Alwine, of whom I have made mention amongst the Earls of Warwick; and de­scended to Turchill his son, who held it in the Conq. dayes, one Leveva being then his Tenant thereto. By the general Survey Domes­day lib. at that time ta­ken, it is certified to contain two hydes, where­unto belong'd a Mill, all valued at x s. viii d. and there written Lilleford. But from this Turchill it came to Henry, the first E. of Warwick after the Conquest; whose Grand-child, Earl William, gave it, as it seems, to Robert de Craft: for I find Lib. rub. 104. b., that in 12 H. 2. the same Robert was certified to hold one Kts. fee of him de novo feoffamento. To whom succeeded Reg. de Cum­ba, f. 63. a. Rog. de Craft (brother to the same Robert) in the possession Reg. de Cum­ba, f. 63. a. thereof, who granted the Mill here to the Monks of Pipwell in fee-ferm, for the rent of v marks of silver yearly: which rent was afterwards released Reg. de Pipw. f. 38. b. to them by Roger his son, in consideration of xx marks given unto him by Walter de Patshull, son and heir of Simon [...] Patshull, who built the Chapter house at Pipwell.

W [...]ich Roger, afterwards granted Reg. de Cumba, f. 63. a. this whole V [...]llage to Iohn de Chavini and his heirs, it being then rated at 2 hydes (the just proportion that it was certified to contain in the Conq. time) id est, 8 yard land. For which grant he reserved the Rent of i d. to be paid yearly at Easter to him the said Rog. and his heirs for all services, excepting for­reign; there being for that the 5th part of a Kts. fee due. Which Iohn de Chavini past Ib. b. it away to the Monks of Combe for C. marks of silver, Ro­bert de Campan [...] confirming Ib. f. 64. a the grant in Ib. f. [...]5. a H. 2. time. But, it seems that the Monks of Pipwell paid Reg. de Pipw. f. 38. a. yearly to the Prior of Kirby, at the feast of S. Botulph, x s. for the tythe of their Mill here (it being within the Parish of Neubold super Avon, the Church whereof belong'd to the Monks of Kirby, as I have already shew'd) Howbeit, after­wards they withheldIb. that payment, in regard of their priviledge (viz. being of the C [...]stertian Or­der) yet did they, by AgreementIb., settle the x s. annuity to the said Prior and his successors for ever.

After which, in process of time, further diffe­rence growing betwixt the Monks of Combe and Pipwell, they of Combe required Ib. b. of Pipwell 6 acres of land, and xx s. yearly in money, for their interest in this Lordship of Little Lawford, and in the capital Messuage. But the Register Ib. f. 40. a of Pipwell saies, that in the place where that capital Messuage stood, the Monks of Combe had divers Cottages; and that they also had the whole Lord­ship besides: so that they of Pipwell, having there no more than the Mill, with the crofts and holmes thereto belonging, did pay that xx s. yearly, quia Luna lucet in aqua.

Upon which differences, there was an Award Ib. f. 145. b. made an. 1226. (10 H. 3.) by the Abbots of Stratford and Wobur [...]e, appointed for that pur­pose by a general Chapter of their order; where­by it was decreed, that the Abbot and Covent of Pipwell and their successors should for ever enjoy this Lordship with the Mannour house and all the appurtenances, which heretofore they held as ter­mers of Rog. de Craft, excepting 6 acres which the Monks of Combe were to have for quietness sake; and that the Monks [...]f Pipwell should yearly pay to them of Combe, hereupon, xx s. sterling. So that [...] by all that hath been said, it appears, that Chavini had it from Craft; the Monks of Combe from Chavini; and they of Pipwell by force of this Award.

But afterwards, to the family of Craft it divolved again, it seems; yet how, I have not seen: for in Testa de Nevill. 20 H. 3. Roger de Craft answered for the 5th part of a Kts. fee here, held of the E. of Warwick. From whom descended Geffrey de Craft, who in 4 E. 1. stilesEx au­tog. pe­nès D. & Cap. Lich. himself Dominus de parva-Lalleford; and from him Nich. Ex au­tog. pe­nès D. & Cap. Lich. who was the last of this line that had to do here, for ought I have seen. Neither can I further discover in whom the pos­session thereof rested for a long time after, untill that Geffrey de Allesley had Rot in Scacc. pe­nès Rem. R. it, which was about the beginning of H. 6. time. Which Geffrey mar­ryed Ex autog. penès Wil. Com. Den­bigh. Margaret, one of the daughters and heirs of Henry Sutton Esq. Lord of Ditchford-Frary in this County, where I shall have occasion to make further mention of him; and was in Commission Pat. 9. H. 6. p. 1. in dorso, m. 2. for ass [...]ssing of the Subsidy granted to the K. in Parl. 9 H. 6. And in Pat. 12. H. 6. p. 2. m. 25. in dorso. 12 H. 6. (with the rest of the principal persons in this Shire) took his oath for observance of the Articles concluded of in the preceding Parliament. In 17 and 18 H. 6. he was constituted Pat. de iisd. ann. in dorso. one of the Justices of peace in this County; and departing Inscrip. tumuli apud Newbold. this life, 18 Aug. an. 1441. left issue Elizabeth his daughter F. levat. 3 Sept. Mich. 19. H. 6. and heir, wife Insig. su­per tumu­lum apud Newbold. of Thomas Boughton (a Bedfordshire Gentleman, as I have heard) whereby this Lord­ship became transferred to that family, wherein it still continues.

Which Thomas, being constituted Pat. 21. H. 6. p. 1. m. 30. in dorso. a Justice of peace in this County in 21 H. 6. so continued till the end of that K. reign, as appears by the sundry renewings of those Commissions. In 31 H. 6. he served Rot. F. 31. H. 6. m. 8. in the Parliament as one of the Knights for this Shire; and in Pat. 38. H. 6. p. 1. m. 14. in dorso. 38. was appointed, with others, to array and arm all persons, of body able, and estate sufficient, within this County, for the K. service. To whom succeeded Richard his son and heir, constituted Eschaetor Rot. F. 13. E. 4. m. 13. for this County and Leicestersh. in 13 E. 4. as also Shiriff Rot. P. 20. E. 4. in 20. [Page 66] And Justice Pat. de iisd. ann. in dorso. of peace in 22 E. 4. and 1 E. 5. Which Richard, being again Shiriff for these Coun­tyes in 2 R. 3. as by the Indentures Ex coll. W. Burton betwixt him and Humfry Beaufo Esq the precedent Shiriff, ap­pears, had the fate to be slain on that K. behalf at Bosworth-field, as the tradition is: but therein is a m [...]stake; for the Inquis: taken after his death expresseth, that he dyed Esc. 1. H. 7. n. 25. 20 Aug. 3 R. 3. which was two dayes before the Battail: therefore 'tis like, that raising Forces in this County for the King, he was encountred by some of the Earl of Richmund's Troops in their passage towards Bosworth, and by that means lost his life.

Of whose descendants I findEx evi­denc. W. Boughton Bar., that Will. his son and heir was Squire of the body to K. H. 8. and, in 27 of that K. reign, Shiriff Rot. P. 27. H. 8. of this County and Leicestersh. As also, that William, Grandson to the same William, underwent the like office Rot. P. de iisd. ann. for these Countyes in 17 and 32 Eliz. being in Com­mission for the peace the greatest part of that Q. reign. So likewise Edward, son and heir to the said William the most part of K. Iames his reign, ha­ving been Shiriff in 4 Iac. But further, as to their matches and otherwise, the Descent here inserted, which briefly points at what else I am able to say in relation to this family here seated, shall suffice.

  • Tho. Boughton, ar. 39 H. 6. - Eliz. filia & haeres Galf. Allesley.
    • Ric. Boughton, ar. ob. 3 R. 3. -
      Ex vi­sit. Com Warr. in offi­cio Ar­morum
      Agnes filia .... Longvile.
      • Ex vi­sit. Com Warr. in offi­cio Ar­morum
        .... filia & co haeres Joh. Dan­vers de Water­stoke in Com. Oxon. ux. 1. - Will. Boughton, aet. 12. an. 3 R. 3. sepult. apud Dunchurch.
        • Esc. 1. E. 6.
          Edw. Boughton, ar. ob. 1 E. 6. -
          Esc. 1. E. 6.
          Eliz. filia & cohaeres Wil. Willington, ar.
          • Esc. 38 Eliz.
            Will Boughton, ar. ob. 38 Eliz. -
            Ex e­videnc. Will. Boughton, Bar.
            Iana soror Tho. Co­ningsby de Hampton-Court in Com. Heref. eq. aur.
            • Esc. 38 Eliz.
              Edw. Boughton, aet. 24. an. 38 Eliz. -
              Ex e­videnc. Will. Boughton, Bar.
              Eliz. filia & haeres Edw. Catesby, filli jun. Ric. Ca­tesby, eq. aur.
              • Will. Boughton duxit Abigal fil. & cohaer. Henr. Baker de Shobery in Com Essex; ere­ctus in gradum Bar. per R. Car.
              • Tho. Boughton de Bilton duxit Iuditham alteram fil. & cohaer. H. Baker de Sho­bery, ar.
        • Will. Boughton, aet. 12. an. 3 R. 3. sepult. apud Dunchurch. -
          Esc. 1. E. 6.
          D. Eliz. Baring­ton, ux. 2.
          • Ex visit. Com. Warw.
            Tho. Boughton, de Caustou, ar. -
            Ex visit. Com. Warw.
            Margar. filia & haeres Edw. Cave.
            • Ex visit. Com. Warw.
              Edw. Boughton, ar. -
              Ex visit. Com. Warw.
              Susanna fi­lia Ioh. Brocker, eq. aur.
              • Ex visit. Com. Warw.
                Henricus Bough­ton. -
                Ex visit. Com. Warw.
                Howard filia Edw. Leigh de Rushall in Com. Staff. ar.


NExt below, on the bank of Avon, stands Newnham-Regis, where depopulation at­tending the inclosure, hath reduced it to a small number of Inhabitants besides the Mannour-house. In the Conq. Survey there is no direct mention of this place, so that to what it then belonged, I can­not well guess, but do conceive it to have been of the E. of Mellent's or Turchill de Warwick's pos­sessions, in regard that it was of the fee of Roger E. of Warwick, whose father (Earl Henry) en­joy'd the greatest part of the said E. of Mellent's and Turchill's lands in this County.

From which E. of Warwick, the first that ob­tain'd it was Hugh fil. Ricardi, as it seems (of whom in Wroxhall I have spoke) who past it unto Geffrey de Clinton, Chamberlain and Treasurer to K. H. 1. and he to Reg. de Kenill. p. 1. the Canons of Kenilworth upon his foundation of that Monastery. Which Canons had special Ib. p. 27 grants from them both, to acquit it of all secular services due to either of them, or to the King: in consideration whereof, the said Geffrey gave Ib. p. 20, to the above mentioned Hugh ten marks of silver; to Margaret his wife two ounces of gold, and to Roger E. of Warwick two gold Rings, each having a pretious stone therein: for it was held of the said Earl by one Kts. fee, as appears by K. H. 2. confirmation Cart. 8. E. 2 n. 4. per Inspex. thereupon.

But this, for distinction from another Newn­ham within the same Hundred, is called Newn­ham-Regis, in respect that the K. was antiently possest Rot. de praesentat. per Hundr. 4 E. 1. pe­nès Cam. Scacc. of it, as is evident also by the Quo warranto Roll of 13 E. 1. where the Kings Atturney, que­stioning the Prior of Kenilworth for it, alledged, that K. Richard the first was seized thereof. How this claim was determined, I find not; but, that the Canons of Kenilworth enjoy'd it till the dis­solution of that Monastery, is plain enough; and had allowanceRot. de Q Warr. 13. E. 1. of a Court-Leet here, and divers other notable priviledges.

After which suppression, it continued in the K. hands till 7 E. 6. and was then granted Pat. 7. E. 6. p. 8. to Iohn D. of Northumberland and his heirs: upon whose attainder in 1 M. the Queen past Pat. 1. M. p. 5. it to Sir Rou­land Hill Kt. and Citizen of London. Of whom Sir Thomas Leigh Kt. and Alderman of the said City, soon obtain'd it, as may seem by his presen­tation to the Vicaridge in 1 Eliz. Which Sir Thomas afterwards setled Lib. 3. cedul. it on Sir Will. Leigh Kt. a younger son, and the heirs male of his body; who inclosed it, and left issue Francis his son and heir, created Baronet 24 Dec. 16 Iac. whose son and heir Francis, advanced to the dignity of Lord Dunsmore, 11 Iulii, 4 Car. and afterwards to be Earl of Chichester, now, scil. an. 1650. enjoyes it.

The Church (dedicated to .....) is not pre­sentative, nor hath in it any Arms or Monuments.


HAving now taken notice of all those places which lye contiguous to the River Avon, on its North side, till the stream of Sow meet therewith; I must, in pursuance of my method, ascend to the head of that brook, which riseth Westwards from Astley, as the Map will shew, and not far from the skirts of Arley: And there­fore to dispatch this corner of the Hundred, I will begin with Arley, whereof there is a member called Sloley, though little taken notice of now: but because I find, that antiently there is mention of it in Records, I must not omit it.

The later sillable of this Towns appellation is very frequently used, as we know, for terminating the names of sundry Villages [...] and if we ascend to [Page 67] the British for its original, we shall find lle in that language to be the same with locus in the Latine; but if to the Saxons, ley there signifieth ground un­till'd, and in that sense we still use the word in re­lation to such land. As for the former, viz. Ar, 'tis British, and signifieth the same with super in Latine, which very well agreeth with the situation hereof, the greatest part of the Parish being high ground in respect of the ascent to it almost every way; so that then Ar-lei, is by interpretation, in effect, locus altus.

In the Conq. time, this was possest Domesday lib. by one Cristina, a great Woman; and with her other lands in this County came immediatly to Raph de Limesi, a Baron of eminent note, whose chief seat was at Wulverle, in those dayes a remarka­ble place, though now there is nothing left thereof more than some grounds within the pre­cincts of Solihull bearing the name, and that somewhat corrupted by length of time.

In the general Survey Domesday lib. it is recorded for one hyde, the woods whereof contained a mile and half in length, and half a mile in bredth, all being then valued at lx s. and was (as it may seem) a member of Wolverle; but it is there written A Blei in capital letters, the Clerk mistaking the R for a B.

Of this Raph de Limesi and his posterity, I am to speak when I come to Wolverle, where I shall insert the descent of that family; whereby it will appear, that the daughters and heirs thereof were matcht to Lindesei and Odingsels, the former a Scot, the other a Fleming. Which family of Lin­desei continued but a while; but that of Odingsells remained even till our fathers memory, as in Long-Ichington I shall fully shew.

Touching this Mannour of Arley, I find, that one Raph de Limesi, who lived in K. H. 3. time, had it; and granted Claus. 19 E. 2. m. 8. the inheritance thereof to Richard de Limesy his brother, and to his heirs; which Richard had issue Claus. 19 E. 2. m. 8. Peter. Howbeit, whe­ther the above mentioned Raph de Limesi issued from some younger brother of the family of Lime­sy, whose descent I have plac't in Wolverle, I am not able to say: but I have seen an antient Pe­degree of Odingsells which derives him from that family, as son to the first Gerard, who lived in H. 3. time: expressing, that he quitted his pater­nal name, and called himself Limesi (to preserve the memory of his Grand-mother Basilia de Limesi, I presume, in that she was so great an heir) which was a course usual enough in antient time to do, as I have elswhere observed.

Following therefore the guidance of that de­scent, I have put this Raph and his brother Ri­chard, as younger sons to the said Gerard de Oding­sells; and the rather, for that I conceive, that the same Gerard was Lord of this Mannour, in regard that he and his brother William had a trial Pat. 28. H. 3. in dorso. at Northampton against Will. de Waverton and Ge­rard de Lindesei in 28 E. 3. concerning the ad­vouson of this Church; though afterwards it did not constantly accompany the possession of the Mannour, as most in those elder times did: For Will. de Odingsells of Solihull (son to the before mentioned William) had Esc. 23. E. 1. n. 30. it in E. 1. time; and yet afterwards Peter de Limesy presented (as will appear by the Institutions.)

The return therefore to the said Peter (son of Richard) whom I find thus possest of Arley, as abovesaid: He had Free-warren Cart. 4. E. 2. n. 48. granted to him and his heirs here in 4 E. 2. and being a KnightEx autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich. in 5 E. 2. assisted the Earls of Lancaster, Hereford, and Warwick, in the beheading of Piers de Ga­veston; for which, with the rest, he had his pardon Pat. 7. E. 2. p. 1. m. 15. in ce­ 7 of that K. reign. In 9 E. 2. he was in Com­mission Pat. 9 E. 2. p. 2. m. 19.for choosing of foot-souldiers in this Coun­ty for the wars of Scotland: and the same year Claus. 9. E. 2. m. 16. in dorso. one of the Knights for this Shire in the Parlia­ment then held at Lincoln: In which Parliament the Commonalty giving Rot. F. 10. E. 2. m. 16. unto the K. a xvith to­wards the charge of his wars in Scotland, the foot-souldiers elected as aforesaid were released Rot. F. 10. E. 2. m. 16. by the K. command, this Peter being, with others, assigned Rot. F. 10. E. 2. m. 16. for levying the said sixteenth.

In 11 E. 2. he was in Commission Pat. 11. E. 2. p. 1. m. 8. in dorso. for enquiry who they were that furnisht themselves with Arms, and retained souldiers, horse or foot; or did confederate themselves by private meetings in this County. And, the same year, being constituted Rot. F. 11 E. 2. m. 5. Shiriff of the Counties of Salop. and Staff. had the custody Rot. F. 11 E. 2. m. 5. of the Castles of Shrewsbury and Bridgenorth committed to his charge. In 14 E. 2. he was in Commission Pat. 14. E. 2. p. 2. m. 24. in dorso. for the Goal-delivery at Warwick; but afterwards in the rebellion with Thomas Earl of Lancaster; for which his lands Rot. de ter. contra­riantium, 17 E. 2. penès Cle­ric. Pipae. being forfeited, were seized into the K. hands: and dyed Claus. 19 E. 2 m. 8. Esc. 19. E. 2. n. 67. at Yorke the Monday next before the feast of the Epiphany in 18 E. 2. but whether a natural death or not, the Record doth not specifie, leaving issue Claus. 19 E. 2 m. 8. Esc. 19. E. 2. n. 67. Iohn de Limesy his son and heir, then 24 years of age, on whom this Mannour was setled by the grantClaus. 19 E. 2 m. 8. Esc. 19. E. 2. n. 67. of Ric. de Limesy, his Grand­father.

What became of this Iohn de Limesy, or what issue he had, I find not: but plain it is, that in 2 E. 3. Sir Roger Corbet of Caus Kt. and Amicia his wife, granted Ex coll. W. Burton unto Sir VVill. Camvile Kt. son of Thomas Camvile, the reversion of this Mannour; as also of the Mannour of Sibbesdon in Leic. which Sir Roger had a daughter also called Ami­cia, wife of Iohn de Odingsells, as in Long-Itchington appeareth.

The next mention I meet with of it, is in 19 R. 2. where it appears Esc. 19 R. 2. n. 16., that Sir Roger Corbet of Lygh Kt. dyed seized of a third part thereof, leaving Thomas his son and heir aged 23 years. But in 5 H. 4. after the death of Sir Iohn Oding­sells of Long-Itchington, it was found Esc. 5 H. 4. n. 19., that Sir Raph Rochford Kt. then held it, with Slowley, of him the said Sir Iohn, by the service of one Kts. fee. As also, in Esc. 8 H. 5. n. 45. 8 H. 5. that Thomas Corbet of Legh then deceased, held 8 mess. and 4 yard land; and that Thomas his son and heir was 28 years of age. Unto which Sir Raph succeeded Henry R [...]ch­ford Esq who past Ex au­tog. pe­nès A­stonū Co­kein Bar. to Thomas Bate Esq all his title therein; of whom Edw. Lord Ferrers of Gro­by obtain'd Ex au­tog. pe­nès A­stonū Co­kein Bar. it, in 35 H. 6. But further mention thereof in Records have I not seen till 7 E. 6. there being at that time a Fine T. Trin. levyed of it be­twixt Iohn Poley Esq Pl. and Rob. Greene and o­others deforc. but to what uses I know not. Nor afterwards till Lib. 3. cedul. 13 Eliz. that Tho. the son of VVill. Skeffington (of Skeffington in Leicestersh.) accomplisht his full age. Which Thomas, being then possest of it, had issue Lib. 4. cedul. VVilliam, whose po­sterity do now enjoy it.

In an. 1291. (19 E. 1.) the Church (dedic. to ......) was valued MS in Scac. at vi marks; but in 26 H. 8. at MS penès S. A. eq. aur. f. 61. a. ix l. vi s. over and above ix s. vi d. allowed for Procurations and Synodals. The patronage where­of, in Esc. 12. R [...] 2. n. 24. 12 R. 2. belong'd to Sir Rob. Grey of Ro­therfeild Kt. and Sir Iohn Clinton Kt. by turns. [Page 68] But, in 2 H. 6. it was found Esc. 2. H. 6., that Eliz. Lady Clinton had the whole advouson in dowry from Robert Lord Grey of Rotherfeild, sometime her husband; the inheritance belonging to Alice and Margaret, daughters and heirs to the said Lord Grey; the one marryed to Will. Lord Lovel, and the other to Raph Lord Cromwell of Tatshall.

In 31 E. 3. license Esc. 31. E. 3. n. 14. was granted to Ric. de Caldeford, Priest, for the amortizing of one mess. 16 acres of land, one acre of meadow, 8 acres of pasture, and one acre and half of moor, lying here in Arley, to the use of Rob. de Sekindon, then Par­son here, and his successors, for a certain Collect or Prayer to be said by him the said Robert and his successors every day in this Church, for the soul of Robert Norreis, for ever.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
Will. D'Oddingsells, miles.
Ex autog. penès Dec. & Cap. Lich.
Ric. de Coventre, Cler. 1287.
Dominae Ela de O­dinsells.
Langt. f. 5. a.
Nich. de VVermyngham, Pbr. 9 Kl. Maii, 1296.
Dominae Ela de O­dinsells.
Ib. f. 37. b.
VVill. de Bockmor, Pbr. 7 Id. Ian. 1311.
D. Ioh. Grey de Ro­therfeild.
Northb. f. 47. a.
Nich. Hoddele, Cap. 3 Id. Nov. 1348.
D. Ioh. Clinton de Maxstoke.
Ib. f. 48. a.
Adam de VVhitindon, Cap. 16 Kl. Iunii, 1349.
D. Ioh. de Grey de Rotherfeild, miles.
Ib. f. 53. b.
Will. de Allespath, Pbr. 3 Non. Aug. 1350.
D. Ioh. de Grey de Rotherfeild, miles.
Ib. f. 59. a.
Rob. de Sekynton, Cler. 13 Kl. Febr. 1354.
Ioh. de Clinton, miles.
Strett. f. 1. b.
Ioh. de Islip, Pbr. 6 Kal. Ian. 1358.
Ioh. de Clinton, miles.
Ib. f. 8. a.
Rob. Birchley, Cap. 3 Id. Maii, 1361.
Ioh. Grey de Rother­feild, miles.
Ib. f. 14. b.
Ric. de Walford. 7 Febr. 1365.
D. Eliz. domina de Clinton.
Burgh. f. 18. b.
Will. Thomes, Cap. ult. Martii, 1407.
D. Eliz. domina de Clinton.
Ib. f. 19. a.
D. Will. Lowtery, 21 Dec. 1407.
D. Eliz. domina de Clinton.
Ib. f. 23. a.
Ioh. Benet, 22 Aug. 1409.
Will. Clinton, miles, dominus de Clin­ton & Say.
Heyw. f. 18. b.
Will. Lynie, Pbr, 22 Iunii, 1426.
Will. Clinton, miles, dominus de Clin­ton & Say.
Will. Hancock, Cap. 3 Oct. 1426.
Will. Clinton, miles, dominus de Clin­ton & Say.
Ib. f. 25. a.
D. Ioh. Halle, Pbr. 26 Oct. 1430.
Ioh. dom. de Clinton & Say.
Ib. f. 32. a.
Ric. Bedworthy, Pbr. 29. Aug. 1433.
Ioh. dom. de Clinton & Say.
Ib. f. 36. b.
Will. Loneleye Pbr. 27 Iu­nii, 1438.
Will. de Ferrers, mil. Ioh. Gresley, mil. Tho. Mollesley, &c.
H [...]yw. f. 44. a.
Will. Ynge, Pbr. 11 Mar­tii, 1445.
Will. Bull, yeoman, ratione advoc. sibi concessae, hac vice, per Tho. Clinton, milit.
Bl. f. 8. a.
Ric. Bull, 27 Apr. 1517.
Dom. Edw. Poynings, & alii feoffati ad usum Tho. Clin­ton, milit.
Henr. Morgan, 20 Dec. 1517.
Tho. Wood & alii, ex concess. VValt. Aston, gen.
Samps. & B. f. 8. b.
Ioh. Wood, Cler. ult. Oct. 1554.
Walt. Aston, ar. & Eliz. ux. ejus.
Ib. f. 10. b.
Nich. Bagaley, Cap. 21 Iu­lii, 1557.
Walt. Aston, miles.
Ib. f. 46. b.
Tho. Buther, 1 Febr. 1575.
Edw. Coke, ar. attorn. D. Reginae, ratione minoris aetat. Walt. filii & haered. Edw. Aston, milit.
Overton bund. C.
Rob. Kercher, Cler. in art. Mag. 29 Iunii, 1598.


THis is a place now onely known by the name of Sloley-hill there being at the skirt there­of, where the Brook runs, a house still called Sloley-hall; which shews, that some person of note [...]ath antiently dwelt there.

The first mention I find thereof is in 20 H. 2. where the Shiriff accounts Rot. P. H. 2. for the profit of cer [...]ain lands here, then belonging to Reginald de Eton, who was in rebellion against the King; in which Record it is written Slalei. But in E. 2. time, Peter de Limesy was possest thereof, with Arley; both which were then seized on for his rebellion, (as I have before declared.) Since which time it hath gone with Arley (as a member thereof.) But in 9 H. 5. it was found Esc. 9. H. 5. n. 17., that Richard Sloley of Sloley, held of the K. in Capite, one mess. and four acres of land here, by Sergeanty; that is to say; giving to the King upon his expedition with his Army towards Scotland, one Pole-axe, or xii d. in silver for all services. Which Richard dyed 8 H. 5. leaving Iohn Porter, son and heir of Agnes Porter, sister of Henry Sloley, father of the said Richard, his next heir, then aged 40 years.


WIthin the precincts hereof is the head of Sow, of which Brook there is a member of this Lordship that hath its name, viz. Souley, now scarce taken notice of, but by a few scattering houses, called Souley end: howbeit, in the Conq. time, it was of more regard, for it is mentioned in Domesday-booke by the name of Soulege.

Before the Norman invasion one Alsi possest Domesday lib. this place; but after the Conquest, Robert E. of Mellent had it; at which time it was rated for one hyde, having woods extending to one mile in length, and half so much in bredth. As for the name, there is no question but that it first arose from the Eastern situation from some other made habitable before: for in the Conq. SurveyDomesday lib., it is written Estleja, id est, locus orientalis; but cor­ruption in sp [...]ech hath, in time, changed it to Ast­ley as those Towns, antiently written Eston, are into Aston.

That the greatest part of the E. of Mellent's lands came to the first E. of Warwick of the Nor­man line, I have given a touch already in Hill-Morton: as also, that Philip de Estley is certified to hold 3 Kts. fees of Will. E. of Warwick, in 12 H. 2. de veteri feoffamento; by which 'tis plain, that his Father or Grandfather was enfeofft of them in H. 1. time. Of which 3 Kts. fees, this Estley was part, as by those Records I have there cited appeareth; and held Ex Car­tul. Warw. Comit. pe­nès Dudl. Bar. North f. 176. b. of the Earls of War­wick, with Wedington, Hill-Morton, Milverton, and Merston-Iabet, by the service of ho [...]ding the Earls stirrop, when he did get up or alight from Horseback.

Being to speak historically of this family (which was the stock whence the Astleys of Hill-Morton, and Wolvey in this County; and of Patshull in Staffordsh. are of younger branches descended, I have set down the Pedegree, so far as it relates to this place, beginning with the before mentioned Philip de Estley, for his fathers name I cannot discover: and have fixt thereunto that part of Grey's descent, as, through Astley's daughter and heir, became Lords thereof.

  • [Page 70]Philippus de Estlega, 12 H. 2.
    • Ala-Tho. de Estlega, 9 Ioh. - Matilda soror & cohaeres Rog. de Camvill.
      • Tho. de Estley, miles, caesus in praelio de E­vesham, 49 H. 3. - Iohanna filia Ernaldi de Bosco.
        • Isabella ux. Wil. de Ber­mingham.
        • Andreas de Estley, defunctus, 29 E. 1. - Sibilla, 11 E. 1.
          • Nich. de Ast­ley, fil. & haeres, 29. E. 1.
          • Egidius de Astley, miles, 7 E. 2. - Alicia filia & haeres Tho. de Wolvey, mil.
            • Tho. de Astley, consangu. & haeres Nich. 19 E. 2. fundator eccl. Colleg. de Astley. - Eliz. filia Guid. de Bello­campo Comitis Warwici.
              • Will. de Astley, miles. 11 R. 2.
                • Regin: Grey, de Ruthin, mil. 13 R. 2. - Iohanna filia & haeres, defuncta 27 H. 6. - Tho Ralegh, 1: maritus.
                  • Edw. Grey, miles, dom. de Groby jure ux. 27 H. 6. - Eliz. filia Henrici Ferrers, filii Will. Ferrers de Groby, mil. 23 H. 6.
                    • Edw. Grey Vic. L'islle, 1 R. 3.
                      • Ioh. Grey, Vic. L'isle, duxit Mu­rielam fil. Tho. D. Norf. obiit 6 Sept. 20 H. 7.
                        • Eliz. nata post humatum patris, aet. 7 dierum, 20. H. 7.
                      • Anna uxor Ioh. Wil­loughby, 25. an. 20. H. 7.
                      • Eliz. ux. Edm. Dudley, soror & cohaeres, aet. 23. an. 20 H. 7.
                    • Ioh. Grey, miles, filius & haeres, 36 H. 6. caesus in praelio S. Albani, 39 H. 6.
                      • Tho. Grey, mil. erectus in Mar­chion. Dors. 18 Apr. 15. E. 4.
                        • Thomas marchio Dorset, ob. 22. H. 8.
                          • Ioh. Grey, miles, à quo Henr. Baro Grey de Groby, modò Comes Stamfordiae.
                          • Henr. M. Dors. erectus in D. Suff. decoll. 1 M. - Francisca filia Car. Brandon, D. Suff. obiit 2 Eliz. - Adrianus Stokes, ar. 2. maritus.
                            • Iana ux. Guil­fordi Dudley, mil. decollata 1 M.
                            • Kath. aet. 19. an. 2 Eliz. (nupta Edw. Comiti Hertf.)
                            • Maria aetat. 13. an. 2. Eliz. (nupta Martino Keys, ar. & obiit s. prole.)
              • Tho. de Astley, miles, 2 R. 2. à quo Astlei de Pa [...]shull in Com. Staff.
              • Egid. de Ast­ley de Wol­vey, 18. R. 2.
          • Sibilla ux. Will. le Boteler de Wering­ton.
  • Tho. de Estley, miles, caesus in praelio de E­vesham, 49 H. 3. - Editha filia Petri Con­stable de Melton in Com. Norf.
    • Thomas de Est­ley, cui pater dedit Hil. Mor­ton, 47 H. 3.
      • Philippus, Rector eccl. de Hil-Morton.

That they took for their Arms Azure a cinqfoile ermine, which hath so near a resemblance to the bearing of the antient Earls of Leicester, is very well known. And that it hath been no unusual thing for younger branches, or those who held their lands of such great persons, or had other near re­lation to them so to do, I could manifest by sundry examples; which was the case here, in part, if not in all these instances: for Thomas de Estley, son to Philip, was not onely Bayliff to Simon Montfort E. of Leic. (who had that Honour con­ferred on him by K. Iohn, in regard he had mar­ryed Amicia the eldest sister and coheir of Rob. Fitz-Parnel E. of Leic.) as appears by Rot. P. 9 Ioh. a Fine that he ga [...] to the King, 9 Ioh. viz. fourscore marks and a palfrey, to be discharged of the issues required of him for that Earls lands whil'st he had to do with them; but held Rot. P. 11 Ioh. certain lands by mi­litary service of that Honour.

In 12 Ioh. this Tho. de Estley gave Rot. P. 12 Ioh. a Fine to the K. of C. marks, that he might not go beyond Sea: the Record expresses not whither; but 'tis plain, that the K. went that year with a great Army into Ireland, and setled M. Paris. in an. 1211 that Realm in o­bedience to him: therefore thither it was, without doubt, that he had command to attend him. After which, viz. in 17 Ioh. being in Arms against the K. with the rebellious Barons, he was committed Prisoner Ex Coll. T. Talbot, to the Castle of Bedford, whereof Fal­casius de Breant then had the custody: But in 1 H. 3. submittingClaus. 1. H. 3. m. 16. in dorso. to obedience (or rather being forc't thereto by the wisdome and courage of the famous Will. Marshall, then E. of Pembroke, who had the tuition of the young K. and government of the Realm) he had his lands, which were for­feited for that offence, restored to him; and in 4 H. 3. was in Claus. 4. H. 3. m. 14. Commission for the Goal-delivery both at Warwick and Leicester.

So also inRot. F. 5. H. 3. in dorso, m. 1. 5 H. 3. for seizing into the K. hands all the demesns whereof K. Iohn was possest at the beginning of the wars with the Barons; and like­wise to take Eschaets, as well those lands which were belonging to Normans and Britons, as other strangers, that either came to the K. hands or his fathers, before the said war, in the war, or after it; and to certifie the stock thereupon, with the value, as also in whose possession they were. But after this do I find no more mention of him, than that he wedded Record. de T. Mich. 42 E. 3 Rot. 49.7. Maud, one of the sisters and coheirs to Rog. de Camvile of Creek in Northamptsh. and that he left issue Record. de T. Mich. 42 E. 3 Rot. 49.7. Walter; of whom K. Iohn exacted Scutage Claus. 16. Ioh. in dorso. for military service in Poictou, in 16 of his reign, as of all others that held by that tenure. Which tax being so great, viz. 3 marks for every Knights fee, was never Lib. rub. f [...] 48. paid, in regard that the Barons hereupon took Lib. rub. f [...] 48. occasion to rebel; at which time they brought in Lewes, the eldest son to K. Philip of France, took the City of Lon­don, and grew very outragious, as our Historians relate.

This Walter was possest of lands in Whichford; which, in 17 Ioh. were given Claus. 17. Ioh. m. 13. by the K. to Alice de Moyun (of whom I shall speak more fully when I come to that place.) But in Claus. 1. H. 3. m. 16. 1 H. 3. he received favour of the K. as his father had done; and in Testa de Nevill. 19 H. 3. answered for one Kts. fee in this County two marks upon payment of the Aid for marriage of Isabell, the K. sister, to the Em­perour.

To him succeeded Ex autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich. Thomas; who was a Kt. in 26 H. 3. and then constituted Pat. 26. H. 3. in dorso. one of the Justices for the Goal-delivery at Warwick; so also Pat. 27. H. 3. in dorso. the year following, in which he paid Rot. F. 27 H. 3. m. 5. to the K. 15 l. for his Releif.

In 32 H. 3. he was sent Pat. 32. H. 3. in dorso. with divers other great men into Gascoyne; but within few years after, taking Claus. 55. H. 3. m. 5. part with the rebellious Barons in 47 H. 3. joyned with those that seized upon the K. profits in this County and Leicestersh. which the then Shiriff Will. Bagot had in charge to re­ceive; and grew so eminent for his activeness, that upon the Agreement in 48 H. 3. betwixt the said K. and the Barons; wherein the K. to satisfie them, submitted to those unreasonable Articles, called Provisiones Oxonii, which they by power had formerly forc't him unto, constituting several [Page 71] persons of greatest trust in all parts of the Kingdom to secure what they had so got; he was Pat. 48. H. 3. in do [...]so. the onely man deputed in Warwickshire, for that purpose, having the title of Custos pacis.

Touching their giving battail to the K. at Lewes, in May, 48. H. 3. and how both K. and Prince were there made prisoners, I must refer my Rea [...]der to our Historians; observing onely, that, during the time the King was thus in their hands, they made use of his great Seal, doing what they listed in his name; and in particular made a Charter to Thomas de Estley, son of this Thomas, for a Mer­cate and Faire at Hill-Morton, which beares date 15. Ian. 49. H. 3. (as I have already, in my dis­course upon that place, intimated.) But see the suc­cesse: after they had got the whole Kingdom into their power; the Ring-leaders of them fell at emu­lation about sharing the spoil, and superiority in command: which caused such irreconcilable a­nimosities, that contrivances were layd for each o­thers destruction; Clare E. of Glouc. making what party he could to ruine Montfort E. of Leic. who had both the K. and Prince in his custody at the Castle of Hereford: yet, when he had considered his strength, and found, that of themselves it would be very difficult and hazardous, if possible, to effect; rather than he would fail of his ends, he was willing to take in the Royallists to his aid; which could not be well accomplish't, he knew, without the presence of the K. or Prince for their countenance.

Whereupon plots were layd for the Prince his es­cape; which taking effect accordingly, an Army was raysed within two months, and at Evesham gave battail to the E. of Leic. and his complices, where they had a suddain and fatall overthrow. In which conflict Montfort himself being slain; and with him duodecim milites vexilliferi, saith Math. Pa­ris. whereof this Thomas de Estley was M. Paris. p. 998. l. 28. one; scarce a man of note escap't with life, that was not made prisoner: but touching the particular circumstances hereof, having occasion to speak further in Kenil­worth, I shall now pass them by.

This victory so obtained, the King rewarded those, which adventured their lives for him in that battail with the possessions of his vanquish't Re­bells: amongst which, he gave Cart. 49. H. 3. m. 3. to Warine de Bas­singburne the lands of this Thomas de Astley. Which VVarine, in 50. H. 3. obtain'd a charter Pat. 50. H. 3. m. 1. bearing date at Kenilworth 22. Oct. for leave to fortify his house at Bassingburne in Cambridg-sh. and this at Astley, and to embattle the walls of them both: but 'tis not very probable that he did any thing thereupon at this place, in regard it was so soon granted away again by him, as I shall presently de­clare. For that the posterity of those who had thus forfeited and lost their lives, with the rest that were not slain, except the Sonns of Montfort E. of Leic. were by that Decree, called Dictum de Kenilworth (whereof I shall speak elswhere) ad­mitted to composition, is not unknown to those who have any cognusance of our English Histo­ry: I shall therefore here omit the relation thereof, and descend to such particulars as concern the fa­mily of this Thomas.

And first, to manifest what commiseration the K. had to Edith his wife, do observe, that whereas Pat. 50. [...]. 3. m. 34. his lands in Astley, Wetinton, Willeby, and Cop­ston, in this County; Lilburn, and Creek in Northampton-sh. Brouton, Cotes and Hecham, in Leicester-sh. were all bestowed on the said VVa­rine, and whereof the value, by extent, was certi­fied to be 151. l.-16. s.-11. d. per ann. he notwith­standing gave unto her those in Willeby, Hecham, and Wetington, valued at 34. li. 18. s.-1. d. ob. per ann. for the maintenance of her self & children du­ring her life; paying to the same Warine and his heirs, only, one mark at the Feast of S. Iohn Baptist yearly.

I now come to Andrew, his son and heir. This Andrew, compounding with the said Sir VVarine de Bassingburne, according to the Edict before spe­cified, had a grant from him of those lands: but for raising of money to that purpose, was constrain'd to pass Ex au­tog. penès Th. Astle [...] de Wolvey ar. away his Lordship of Little-Copston, before specified, to the Monks of Combe, and their successors for ever; from whom he received for the same cccxx. marks sterling: which sum was to fit him for his voyage to the Holy-Land, as by the originall Penès Ri. Cham­berlein ar. Charter appeareth. Shortly after which, the said Andrew was receivedPat. 50. H. 3. in dorso. into favour, giving security for his faithfull demeanour towards the K. and his heirs; Rog. le Strange of Shrorpsh. and Nich. Haversham of Northamptonsh. by their spe­ciall acts in Court, undertaking for him therein. And being thenceforth put into the condition of a loyall subject, as to purchase of lands or any other thing (the K. confirming Pat. 50. H. 3. m. 11. the grant, made to him by the said VVarine) he was, in 12. E. 1. joyn'd in Pat. 12. E. 1. in dorso. Commission with Raph de Hengham, (a lear­ned and eminent Professor in the Law, of that time, and afterwards chief JusticePat. 29. E. 1. in dorso. of the Com­mon pleas) for taking Assizes of Novel-disseisin, Mort d'ancestor &c. in this County.

In 13. E. 1. he claimed Rot. de Quo w. by Prescription, a Court-Leet, Gallows, power to punish the breakers of Assize of bread and beere, Free-warren, with o­ther priviledges, in this Lordship with it's mem­bers; viz. Merston-Iabet, Wedington, and Mil­verton; and had allowance of them. After which; scil. in 28. E. 1. Edm. de Bassingburne brought Pat. 28. E. 1. In dorso. an Assize of Mort d'ancestor against him for this man­nour before the then Justices Itinerant, but prevai­led not therein, as it seemes. Of his farther publique employments, I finde, that in 24. E. 1. he had summons Claus. 24. E. 1. m. 12. in dorso. (with divers other great men) to be at New-castle upon Tine, the first of March, there to attend the K. with Horse and Armes to vindi­cate the injuries done by Iohn K. of Scotland. As also Claus 25. E. 1. m. 26. in dorso. the next year following, to be at Newcastle again, upon St. Nicholas day, to attend Pr. Edward, who then went as Generall against the Scots. And afterwards, the same Ib. m. 14. year, was enjoyned to be at London, the Sunday next after the Octaves of S. Iohn Baptist, furnish't with Horse and Armes to wait upon the K. in his expedition beyond Sea (into Flanders and Gascoine): but, it seemes he was dispens't with for his personal service in that voyage: for I finde Pat. 25. E. 1. p. 2. m. 5., that Iohn de Clinton and he were then assigned by the Prince (who during the K. absence was deputed his Lieutenant here in England) to make choyce of such Knights and o­thers of this County, whom they should think fit, and to retein them by wages for attendance on the said Prince at London on the Octaves of St. Mi­chael the same year. And, that in 26. E. 1. he had command Claus. 26. E. [...]. in dor­so m. 12. in ce­dula. to be at York at the feast of Pente­cost, accoutred with Horse and Armes to march a­gainst the Scots; which was the time that K. Edw. had the victory at Faukirke in Scotland.

This Andrew gave Ex autog. penès Ric. Newdi­gate ar. (or rather sold) to the Can­nons of Erdbury a wood, lying within the pre­cincts of Chilverscoton, called Herewardshey, [Page 72] which his Father had of the grant of Tho. the son of Thomas the son of Scherus de Stoke. And dyed Esc. 29. E. 1. n. 55. in 29. E. 1. leaving Nicholas his son and heir aged 24. years; who, doing his fealty had then livery Rot. F. 29. E. 1. m. 16. of his Fathers lands. Which Nicholas in Pat. 1. E. 2. p. 2. m. 21. 1. and Claus. 3. E. 2. m. 7. 3. E. 2. being constituted one of the Commissioners for con­servation of the peace in Warwicksh. and to see the Statute of Winchester observed, in 5. E. 2. was Ex au­togr. penès D. & Cap. Lich. a Knight, and bore for his Armes a Lion rampant, as by his Seal appeareth. But, in 7. E. 2. atten­dingHist. MS. H. Knigh­ton in bibl. Cotton. f. 116. b. the K. in that unfortunate expedition against the Scots, was taken prisoner in the battail of Strivelin, where many a gallant Englishman had the same fate, or lost his life. The time of his death I cannot certainly point out; but he dyed Claus. 19. E. 2. m. 9. without issue: for I find that Thomas his nephew, viz. son of Sir Giles de Astley his younger brother (and with him taken prisoner Hist. H. K. ut su­pra. at Strivelin) be­came heire to the estate: and in 19. E. 2. had live­ry Claus. 19. E. 2. m. 9. of his lands, being then of full age. Which Thomas was a Knight Northb. f. 29. b. in 10. E. 3. and such a man whose pious and noble actions gave no small lustre to this family. For, in 11. E. 3. he founded Pat. 11. E. 3. p. 1. m. 35. a Chantry in the Parish-Church here at Astley, of one Priest to sing Mass daily for the health of his soul, and for the soul of Eliz. his wife (daughter to Guy de Beauchamp E. of Warr.) as also for the souls of his Father and Mother, and all the faith­full deceased; to which he had license for the amor­tizing of 8. mess. 2. carucats of land, pasture for 2. horses and 4. Oxen, cvj. s. viij. d. rent, with the appurtenances lying [...] Astley, Wolvey, Mil­verton, and Willughby juxta Dunchurch in this County.

In 12. E. 3. he was assigned Pat. 12. E. 3. p. 2. m. 16. in dorso. one of the Com­missioners for conservation of the peace; and to be assistant to Ric. E. of Arundell, and Tho. Lord Berkley for arraying of all men in this Shire, accor­ding to their severall estates and faculties. The same year he had license Pat. 12. E. 3. p. 3. m. 10. Esc. 12. E. 3. n. 43. to grant the advouson of the Church, here at Astley, to the Guardian and Priests belonging to the Chappell of our blessed La­dy therein, for the health of his soul, and the souls of his ancestors, and all the faithfull deceased: which, by Rog. Northburg, then B. of Cov. and Litch. was appropriated Northb. vol. 2. f. 54. a. thereunto 8. Kal. Oct. follow­ing. Who, thereupon reserved these pensions Ex autog. penes D. & Cap. Lich.; viz. to the Chapter of Litchfield 5. s. to the Chapter of Coventre as much; and 13. s. 04. d. to the Ca­thedrall of Litchfield, to be payd at the feast of S. Mich. th'Archangell yearly out of the profits thereof. Which Chantry, as appeares by the Bi­shops said Instrument of Appropriation, consisting of 4. secular Priests; one called the Custos, or Warden, and another the Subwarden, was foun­ded Ex ipso autog. ibid. for the good estate of the said Thomas de Ast­ley, the Lady Eliz. his wife, and of Dame Alice and Alice, Mothers to them both, their heirs and successors: as also Roger then B. of Cov. and Lich. and after their decease for the health of their souls, and of the souls of Sir Walter de Astley and Isabel his wife, Sir Thomas de Astley and Ioane his wife, Sir Andrew de Astley and Sibill his wife, Nich. de Astley and Alice his wife, Sir Giles de Astley (father of the said Thomas the founder) Sir Tho­mas de Wolvey and Alice his wife; and of Sir Tho­mas de Clinton Knight.

For augmentation Esc. 14. E. 3. n. 40. of which number to seaven Priests and one Clerk [...] in 14. E. 3. he obteyned li­cense to amortize 2. mess. 3. yard land and half, 2. acres of wood, and 2. s.-8. d. rent in Withi­broke, Hapsford, and Bedworth. In that year he was joyn'd in Commission Pat. 14. E. 3. p. 3. m. 42. with the Bishop of Worcester, the Abbot of Stoneley, and Prior of Erdbury to supervise the ninth of Sheaf, Lamb, and Wooll for this County granted to the K. in Parlia­ment. And the next year did he grant Esc. 15. E. 3. n. 24. to the Prior and Covent of Erdbury and their successors 1. mess. and 36. acres of land lying in Wol­vey.

Thus was the heart of this worthy person still more and more enlarged, as we see by these his pious concessions: and yet, thinking all not enough, procured license of the K. for the changing these Chantry-Priests into a Dean and Secular Canons; and to grant Pat. 17. E. 3. p. 2. m. 30. to them and their successors the per­petuall patronage of the Church of Hill-Mor­ton, which was appropriated Northb. vol. 2. f. 61. b. thereto by the said Rog. Northburgh Bishop of Coventre and Lich. 3. Cal. Martii the same yeare, with reservation of x. s. annuall pension Ex autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich. to be payd out of the profits thereof at the feast of S. Michael th'Archangel. Whereupon he then began to Ex ipso autog. ibid. erect a most fair and beautifull Collegiat-Church in the form of a Cross, dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, with a tall spire covered with lead, whereof I shall say more anon. Which foundation consisted of a Dean and two Canons, who were to be secular Priests, each having their lodgings appointed to them, with particular lands out of the before men­tioned possessions so given; the Dean being to pro­vide a Priest, as perpetuall Vicar there, and by him presented to the Bishop, by the the B. to be insti­tuted, and by his mandate to the Chapter of his Church, to be admitted, having v. Marks by the year, quarterly, for his salary: And likewise ano­ther priest with a fit Clerk to serve the Parishio­ners in the said Church.

Shortly after which; viz. in 20. E. 3. did Tho. Beauchamp E. of Warwick grant Pat. 10. E. 3. p. 2. m. 26. thereunto the Church of Long-Stanton in Cambridgshire. Nor was it long after, that the before specified Founder added more: for, in 36. E. 3. I finde that hePat. 36. E. 3. p. 2. m. 13. gave ix. marks and x. s. yearly Rent, issuing out of lands situate in Lilburn and Creek in Northamp­tonsh. and lxv. s. v. d. ob. q. rent out of lands in Shustoke, Filungley, and Nun-Eaton in this County. And lastly his son, Will. Lord Astley Pat. 1 [...]. R. 2. p. 1. m. 32., in 12. R. 2. xl. s. yearly rent issuing out of the man­nour of Bentley, to Iohn de Plompton Vicar and then Sacrist, and to his successors for ever.

Having now done with the endowment, I have a word or two more to say of the Founder, rela­ting to his publique employments; which is, that in 33. E. 3. he was the first in ranke authorised by commission Pat. 33. E. 3. m. 4. in dorso. in this County for arraying of men in the K. absence, according to the Statute of Win­chester. As also in 35. constituted Pat. 35. E. 3. p. 2. m. 33. in of the Ju­stices of peace in this shire. And that, by Eliza­beth daughter Inscrip. tumuli a­pud Astley to Guy de Beauchamp E. of War [...]wick, he had issue Sir Will de Astley, and Sir Thomas, both Knights, with Giles his third son, from whom the Astley's of Wolvey are descended (as I have already shewed). Of which Sir Thomas, in respect he had some publique employments, of note, in this County, I shall say something, lea­ving his posterity, by Eliz. daughter Esc. 45. E. 3. n. 28. of Richard Harecourt, son of Sir Will. Harecourt Kt. whose cosin and next heire she was, seated at Patshull in Staffordshire, where they still continue.

In 2. R. 2. he was in Commission Rot. F. 1 [...] R. 2. m. 10 [...] for taxing a Subsidy in this County. In Rot. F. 8 [...] R. 2. m. 1 [...] 8. for collecting a [Page] [Page]




[Page] [Page 73] xv. and x. having been one of the Kts. Claus. 8. R. 2. in dor­so m. 27. for this shire in the Parliament, wherein they were granted. He was also the same yeare retein'd by Indenture Ex autog. [...]nès Cler. [...]ll. for one whole year to serve the K. in an expedition which he then personally made into France, with three Archers well armed and fitted for the war, receiving for himself xii. d. per diem besides the accustomed reward; viz. in proportion his part of ccc. marks for thirty men at Armes by the quarter; and for every of his Archers 6. d. per diem; of which he was to receive a quarters pay in hand; and to have the benefit of all such prisoners as himself or his Archers should take, except he or they did fortune to take the K. of France himself, or any of his sons, or Captains generall; or any of those that acted in, or were contrivers of the murder of Io. D. of Burgoine.

Of which family; viz. of Patshull, was the fa­mous Iohn de Astley; who, on the 29. of Aug. Anno 1438. (17. H. 6.) maintaining Theatre [...]'Honneur per M. de Wlson. cap. 28. a Duel on Horsback within the street called St. Antoine in Paris, against one Peter de Masse a French-man, in the presence of Charles the the vii. K. of France, pierc't the said Peter through the head, and had (as by the Articles betwixt them was conditioned) the Helmet of the said Peter, being so vanquish't, to present unto his Lady. And on Ibid. cap. 29. the 30. of Ian. 20. H. 6. undertook another fight in Smyth-field within the City of London, in the presence of the same K.H. 6. with Sir Philip Boyle, an Arragonian Knight; who, having been in France, by the K. his masters command, to look out some such hardy person, against whom he might try his skill in feats of Armes; and missing there of his desires, repaired hither. After which combate ended (being gallantly perform'd on foot, with Battail-axes, spears, swords and daggers) he was knighted by the K. and had an annuity of c. marks given him during his life. Nay, so famous did he grow for his valour, that he was elected Knight of the Garter, bearing for his Armes the Coats of Astley and Harcourt, quar­terly, with a label of 3. points Ermine, as by a very antient MS. book, Penès H. S. George eq. aur. nu­per Norroy R. Armo­rum. wherein the Ensignes of those Kts. of that honourable order are depicted, appeareth.

But I return to the before specified Sir Will. de Astley (eldest son to Thomas, founder of the said Coll. Church.) He was in Commiss. for the Peace, upon the severall renuings thereof, from Pat de [...]d. ana. in dorso. 17. R. 2. till 6. H. 5. And in Pat. 3. H. 4. p. 2. m. 15. in dorso. 3. H. 4. assigned to enquire concerning the disturbers of the Laws, and framers of Lyes. In Pat. 4. H. 4. p. 2 m. 9. in dorso. 4. H. 4. for arraying of men: In Rot. P. 6. H. 4. m. 6. 6. to treat with the people for a loan of money to the K. and left issue one only daughter, by whom the inheritance of this great House divolved to the Grey's of Ruthin. But before I speak farther thereof I must add a word or two more of this family of the Astley's, in reference to them as they were Barons; which is, that Thomas, who was slain in the bat­tail of Evesham, is reputed by our Historians so to have been: for before 49. H. 3. have we no parti­cular summons to Parliament to distinguish the Barons from other great men. But his son Andrew was summoned in 23, 24, 25, 28, 32, 33, and 34. E. 1. Nicholas in 30. E. 1. as also in 2, and 3. E. 2. And Thomas (who founded the Coll. Church) in 16.22. and 23. E. 3. as appears by the Records Claus. de [...]sd. ann. [...]n dorso. of those times. Howbeit William never had summons. Which instances, do shew, that what is now claim'd as due by custome, was not so esteem'd in those days.

To this William succeeded Ioan his daughter and heir, first marryed Esc. 27. H. [...] to Thomas Raleigh of Farn­borough in this County. Which Thomas, by his Testament Arundel vol. 1. f. 219., bearing date here at Astley the Wednesday after the feast of St. Luke the Evang. 6. H. 4. bequeath'd his body to be buryed in the Quire of this Coll. Church, and ten pounds for per­formance of his Obit: and gave xx. marks also to find a Priest to sing Mass, for his Soul, the space of 3. years. He likewise bequeath'd a bowl of silver, with a cover to the Lord Astley, and to the Lady Ioan his wife a diamond, with a silver bowl and cover. To every Yeoman servant of that house vi. s. viii. d. and to every groom iii. s. iiii. d. After whose death, which hapned at that time, as by the Pro­bate of his will appeareth, she marryed to Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthin, whose posterity, by her, pos­sest this place for divers generations, and were ad­vanced to great honour (as I shall shew anon) for which respect it will not be amiss to take some no­tice of this Reginald, (their common ancestor) and whence he sprung.

He was son Esc. 13. R. 2. n. 51. of Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthin, son of Roger by Elizabeth the Daughter of Iohn Lord Hastings of Bergavenny, and Isabel his wife, one of the daughters and heirs to Will. Va­lence Earl of Penbroke; by means whereof he be­came heirEsc. 13. R. 2. n. 51. to the last Iohn Hastings E. of Pen­broke, as I shall shew more fully when I come to Fillongley. Which Rog. was first summoned to Par­liament in 28. E. 1. by the name of Roger de Grey Chivalier: but his son Reginald had in all his sum­mons the addition of de Ruthin, the Castle of Ru­thin being his seat, and granted Cart. 10. E. 1. m. 4. by K. Edw. 1. to Reginald (Lord Grey of Wilton) his grandfather.

Betwixt this Reginald (who had great posses­sions in Wales) and Owen Glendowr there grew some difference Hist of Cambria by D. Powell. p. 386., about a Common lying betweeen the Lordship of Ruthin, and the Lordship of Glen­dowr-duy, whereof Owen was owner, and took his sirname. Which Owen, during the reign of K. R. 2. was too hard for the Lord Grey, being then a ser­vitour in Court to K. Ric. (with whom he was at the time of his taking by the D. of Lanc. in the Castle of Flint): But, after K. Richard's deposall, the Lord Grey, as better friended than Owen, en­tred upon the Common. Whereupon, Owen, ha­ving many friends and followers in his Countrey (as those that be great with Princes commonly have) put himself in Armes against the Lord Grey, whom he meeting in the field, overcameTh. Wals. hist. Angl. in An. 1402., and took prisoner, spoiling his Lordship of Ruthin; so that many resorted to him from all parts of Wales, not knowing but that he was in as great favour then as in K. Ric. days: others also putting in his head, that now the time was come, that the Britons, by his means, might recover again the honour and li­berties of their ancestors. The Lord Grey therefore thus made pri [...]oner, was constrain'd to ransom Rot. Parl. 4. H. 4. n. 13. him­self at ten thousand marks, the King consenting, that the Lord Rosse and Willughby, with other of his friends and allies should endeavour to raise the said Fine, in regard (as the Record expresses) the King knew him to be a loyal and valiant Kight.

After which, viz. in 9. H. 5. he was retein'd by In­denture Ex autog. penès Cle­ric. Pell. to serve the K. in his warrs beyond Sea for half a year, with six men at Armes [...] himself accoun­ted one; and 18. Archers mounted, armed and ar­rayed according to their severall conditions, ta­king, per diem, for himself 2. s. and for each of his men at Armes 12. d. with the accustomed re­ward, and 6. d. a piece for his Archers: As also to have the benefit of all prisoners they should take, excepting Kings, Princes, or any of the Royall [Page 74] blood, and especially Charles the Dauphin of Ui­ennois, or any that murthered Iohn Duke of Bur­goine, or were consenting thereto. And in 3. H. 6. was again Ibid. reteined to serve the K. for half a year in his French warrs, under the command of Iohn D. of Bedford (the Kings uncle, then Regent of France) with xx. men at Armes and 60. Archers, for the like wages.

Of his children, by the first wife, from whom the Earles of Kent are descended, it concernes me not, here, to speak: but by this Ioane (the heir of Astley) he had issue Sir Edward Grey Knight, who wedded Esc. 23. H. 6. Eliz. the daughter of Henry Ferrers, and grandchild and heire to Will. L. Ferrers of Groby, in whose right Esc. 27. H. 6. he was L. Grey of Groby. Which Edward, having been in Commission Pat. de iisd. ann. in dorso. for the peace in this County 21, 22, and 23. H. 6. was in 28. H. 6. appointed Pat. 28. H. 6. p. 1. m. 17., with others, to treat with the people for a loan of mony to the King; and dyed Esc. 36. H. 6. in 36. H. 6. leaving Sir Iohn Grey his Son and heir, aged 25. years, and Edw. Grey a second son, crea­ted Cart. ab Anno 15. us (que) 22. E. 4. Lord Lisle by K. E. 4. in right of Eliz. his wife, daughter to Iohn Talbot Visc. L'isle (sister and heir to Thomas son of the said Iohn) and after­wards made Cart. 1. R. 3. m. 3. Visc. L'isle by King R. 3. (viz. 28. Iunii. 1. R. 3.) Which Edward was, with others, in 4. H. 7. assigned a Commissioner Pat. 4. H. 7. in dorso m. 20. for choosing of Archers in this County for relief of the Dutchy of Britanny; and dyed in 7. H. 7. (1492.) as may appear by the Probat Doget. Q. 13. of his Will, whereby he bequeathed his body to be buried in the new Chap­pell of our Lady, begun by himself to be built in the Colledge of Astley, where the body of Eliz. his late wife was interred: but he had another wife, called Iane, whom, by the said Will, he appoin­ted to cause certain lands to be amortized, to en­dow and find a Priest perpetually to sing in the said Chappell for his Soul, and the Souls of his late wife Eliz. as also the said Iane, and all Christen Souls.

Of his descendants the Pedegre before inserted taketh notice; I shall therefore return to Sir Iohn Grey, his elder brother, the heir of this Lordship. This Sir Iohn marryed Eliz. the eldest daughter of Ric. Widvill, Earl Rivers. (as is sufficiently ma­nifested by our Historians, in regard that K. E. 4. afterwards made her his wife Esc. 1. R. 3. Essex., the said Sir Iohn being slain in the battail of St. Alban̄s 39. H. 6.) and had issue by her Sir Thomas Grey Knight, crea­ted Trin. R. 15. E. 4. Rot. 12. Marq. Dorset 18. Apr. 15. E. 4. who sate Stow's Annals. in his habit at the upper end of the table that day a­mongst the Knights in S. Edwards Chamber: but for near relation and affection to the young King (murthered by Ric. D. of Glouc. the then Prote­ctor, his unnaturall uncle) was, 18. Oct. in 1. R. 3. attainted Esc. 1. R. 3. virtute officii.of treason. Whereupon King Ric. by his Letters Pat. 2. R. 3. p. 1. m. 10. pat. bearing date 2. Aug. 2. R. 3. granted this Lordship to the above mentioned Ed­ward Visc. L'isle, and the heires male of his body: But in 1. H. 7. the Marq. being again restored Rot. Parl. 1 H. 7. m. 32., possest himself thereof; and, by his testament Blamyr. Qu. 7. be­queathing his body to be buryed here, in the Coll. Church, before the Image of the Blessed Trinity (in the midst of his closet, within the same Col­ledge, on the South side) dyed Esc. 17. H. 7. 20. Sept. 17. H. 7.

By which Testament he willed, that his Executors should cause to be said for his soul, in every of the 4. Orders of Friers in London, an hundred Masses by the Fryers in each place, with as much hast as might be after his decease. And that c. marks should be disposed in Almes to poor people at his buriall. Likewise, that the Hospitall of Lutter­worth in Leicestersh. of his patronage, to be ap­propriate to the said Colledge of Astley, if the Dean and his Brethren, or their successors could obtein such appropriation to be lawfully made within 3. years after his decease; to the intent that they should especially pray for the Souls of K.E. 4. and Q. Eliz. his consort, and all Christen Souls.

By the Lady Cecily his wife (daughter and heir to Will. Lord Bonvile, marryed afterwards to Hen­ry E. of Wiltsh. who likewise bequeath'd Iankin. Qu. 22. her body to be buried in the same Chappell, where the Marq. her husband was interred, appointing a tombe to be made over the place of their sepulture) he left issue Thomas Marq. Dorset; which Thomas impaled Inq. 9. H. 8. super de­pop. 30. acres of wood and pasture, for to make that parke, here at Astley, now called the Little-parke: and enlarg'd Inq. su­per depop. 3. E. 6. the great parke, here, with 90. acres of land, in 12. H. 7. taken out of the precincts of Arley; which, to this day, bears the name, of Arley laund. And by his Testament Thower Qu. 10., bearing date 2. Iunii 22. H. 8. bequeath'd his bo­dy to be buryed in the Church of Astley, neer un­to his father; appointing, that his mothers will should be observed for the maintenance of two Priests in the Chappell there; as also, that his Exe­cutors should, with all speed and diligence, after his Funeralls were performed, and debts payd, make and build a Chappell here at Astley, according to the will of his father, with a goodly tombe over his father and mother: which being done, to make ano­ther tombe in the midst of the Chancell, where he himself resolved to be buried. And after that should be finished, then to build an Almeshouse for xiii. poor men, there to inhabite, and to be for ever no­minated by his Executors, during their lives, and afterwards by his heires; each of them to receive xii. d. a week for their maintenance, with a livery of black Cotton yeerly, price 4. s. which said pay­ment he appointed should be made out of the Rents and profits of his mannours of Bedworth and Pa­kinton, and all such lands and tenements as were in the occupation of the Lord L'isle, reputed or taken as parcell of the same Lordships, the surplu­sage to be bestowed in repayring the said Almes­house and keeping his Obit yearly. And dyed the same year, as may seem by the probate of his said Testament, leaving issue Henry; who marrying the Lady Frances, eldest daughter to Charles Bran­don D. of Suff. and Mary the Q. of France, his wife, was, in her right (by reason her two bro­ [...]hers dyed without issue) created Trin. R. 6. E. 6. Rot. 14. D. of Suff. 11. Oct. 5. E. 6. In whose time it hapned that the Monasteries were dissolved; for effecting of which work, his father in law Charles Brandon D. of Suff. was not a little active, as may appear by the large share he had of their possessions. And there want not circumstances to shew, that this Henry, then Marq. Dorset was stirring enough therein: for a­mongst other the lands belonging to those religious Houses, he had all that appertain'd to this Collegiate Church, granted Pat. 37. H. 8. p. 13. [...] to him and the Lady Frances his wife and his heirs 7. Aug. 37. H. 8. which he enjoy'd not long: for leaving issue onely 3. daugh­ters, (Iane, the eldest, wedded Stow's Ann. to Guilford Dudley 4. son to Iohn D. of Northumb. Katherine, the se­cond, first Stow's Ann. to Henry L. Herbert, eldest son to the E. of Pembroke, and next (for she was divorc't Catal. of Nobil. by R. Broke) to Ed. Seimour E. of Hertford: The 3. viz. Mary, to Stow's Ann. Martin Keys Sergeant-porter to Q. Eliz.) upon the death of King Edward 6. he was allured, through the ambition of the said D. of Northumb. (whose [Page 75] aime was no less than to have the whole sway of the Kingdom) to countenance the proclaiming of his daughter, the Lady Iane, to be Queen, pretending the designation of K. Edw. by his will. Which at­tempt not thriving, Northumberland, with some others lost their heads: Howbeit, the D. of Suff. though favoured, as not deemed so speciall an in­strument therein as the other, could not rest quiet, it seemes: for Ho­linsh. Chron. finding that Q. Mary had a pur­pose to match with Philip, son to the Emperour Charles the 5. he came into this County and Lei­cestersh. and set out Proclamations to incense the people against it: whereupon the E. of Hunting­ton was sent Ho­linsh. Chron. with a power into these parts to pre­vent all danger; which occasioned him, seeing he was forsaken, to put himself under the trust of one Underwood (as 'tis said) a keeper of his Park here at Astley, who hid him some few days in a large hol­low Tree there, standing about two bow-shoot Southwestwards from the Church: but, being pro­mised a reward, betray'd him; so that it was not long ere he lost his head on Tower-hill.

After which, the Lady Frances, his widow, mar­ryed to one Adrian Stokes Esq. who, holding this Lordship, as part of her dowrie, much defac't the Church before-specified, as not onely by tradition of the Inhabitants, but a Presentment Ab exem­plari ejus­dem penès S. Archer. Eq. aur. upon oath [...]n 1. Eliz. may appear; which manifesteth, that he caused the tall and costly spire made of timber, together with the battlements, all covered with lead, to be pull'd down, being a land-mark so emi­nent in this part of the wood-land, where the ways are not easy to hit, that it was called the Lanthorn of Arden. As also the two fair Iles, and a goodly building, called S. Annes Chappell, adjoyning, the roofs of which were likewise leaded. By rea­son of which sacrilegious action, the steeple, stan­ding in the midst, took wet, and decayed, so that, about the yeare 1600, it fell down to the ground, and with it a great part of the Church, Ric. Cham­berlain Esq. being then Lord of this mannour, by the grant of Q. Mary to Edw. Chamberlain his Fa­ther (of the family of Chamberlain of Shirburn in Oxfordsh.) who, with some contribution from the Country, did, about the year 1607, begin the building of the Tower again; but, in stead there­of, took totally away all the west part of the Church, with the North and South cross Iles, ma­king that which was the Quire the body of the Church, but pulled down the other beautifull Chappells on the North & South-side of the Quire, setting up that which stood on the North-side at the East end for a Chancell, wherein were the mo­numents of Edw. Grey Visc. L'isle and his 2. wives: And in that on the South side of Thomas Grey Marq. Dorset and his Lady, with their statues in Alabaster excellently cut; and in the vault under­neath the same their bodyes; that of the Marquess embalmed and wrapt in cerecloth many double in a coffin of lead; which, through the vain curiosity of some being opened, his corps was found as intire, and free from any seeming corruption, as if he had been but newly dead.

At the pulling down, and translating of which Chappell, it was resolved that the monuments should be set up againe in the Church, the said corps with the Coffin of lead being accordingly re­moved thither: howbeit, this good intention after­wards cooled, and the statues of the Marquess and his Lady were cast into the Belfrey, that of the woman having a Coronet on her head; and those of the other thrown into an old out-house amongst lime and rubbish; all which I my self have seen.

But, as to the succession of this Lordship, it is now come to Richard Chamberleyn Esq. son and heire to Rich. Chamberlein Esq. Register of the Court of Wards, by conveiance from Richard Chamberlein aforesaid (father of Iane, wife to the Register of the Court of Wards) and Edw. Cham­berlein, grandson and right heire to the said Ri­chard. Which Edward lately dyed without issue.

In An. 1291. (19. E. 1.) the Rectory was valued at x. marks: but in 26. H. 8. the yearly revenues of the Collegiat Church were certified at xlvi. l. viii. d.

Patroni Ecclesiae.
Editha quondam ux. dom. Tho. de Astley.
Ex autog. penès D. & Cap. Lich.
Steph. de Astley Cleric. 1285.
Andreas de Astley miles.
Petrus de Haverhulle 1286.
Tho. de Astley miles.
Northb. f. 29. b.
Rob. de Happesford Pbr. 6. Id. Apr. 1366.
Tho. de Astley miles.
Ib. f. 30. a.
Will. Creke Pbr. 3. Non. Oct. 1336.
Patroni Vicariae.
Decanus Eccles. Coll. B. Mariae de Ast­ley.
Ib. f. 40. b.
Ioh. de Corley Pbr. 17. Kal. Apr. 1342.
Decanus Eccles. Coll. B. Mariae de Ast­ley.
Ib. f. 42. a.
Ric. Large Pbr. v. Kal. Nov. 1343.
Decanus Eccles. Coll. B. Mariae de Ast­ley.
Ib. f. 45. b.
Thom. de Haytele Cap. 3. Id. Nov. 1347.
Decanus Eccles. Coll. B. Mariae de Ast­ley.
Strett. f. 30. a.
Ioh. de Plumpton Pbr. 18. Apr. 1383.
Decanus Eccles. Coll. B. Mariae de Ast­ley.
Arund. f. 143, a.
Ioh. Milner Cap. 9. Martii. 1414.
Patroni Decanatus.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Northb. f. 40. b.
Will. Ernald Pbr. 6. Non. Martii. 1342.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Ib. f. 45. b.
Galfr. de Sutton Cap. 3. Id. Oct. 1347.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Ib. f. 46. a.
Ioh. Ives Cap. 16. Kal. Maii 1348.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Ib. f. 51. b.
Ioh. de Gouteby Cap. 13. Kal. Nov. 1349.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Ib. f. 57. a.
Ioh. de Burg. Pbr. 5. Id. Nov. 1353.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Strett. f. 2. a.
Hugo de Bottefe [...]ld 7. Id. Febr. 1358.
Dom. Tho. de Ast­ley miles.
Ib. f. 30. a.
Rob. Page Pbr. 16. Febr. 1383.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Sk. f. 2. a.
Rob. Gaynsburg. 13. Febr. 1387.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Ib. f. 12. b.
Edm. Wolf Pbr. 8. Martii. 1396.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Burgh. f. 8. a.
Ioh. Huk Pbr. 1. Apr. 1401.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Ib. f. 25. a.
Ioh. White Cap. 4. Iulii. 1410.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Ib. f. 34. a.
Edm. Wolfe Cap. Ian. 1413.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Arund. f. 143. a.
Ioh. Maryot Cap. 9. Martii. 1414.
Dominus Will. de A­stley miles.
Bul [...]. f. 8. a.
Nich. Wildbore ult. Martii. 1419.
D. Regin. Grey.
Will. Hull Cap. 21. Apr. 1428.
Hew. f. 21. a.
D. Regin. Grey.
Will. Grepenhale 14. Aug. 1432.
Ib. f. 28. a.
D. Regin. Grey.
Rog. Webster Pbr. ult. Dec. 1433.
Ib. f. 32. b.
D. Iohanna Grey.
Rog. Creek Pbr. 5. Nov. 1445.
Ib. f. 43. a.
Edw. Grey miles, dom. Ferrers de Groby.
Tho. Persebrigge Cap. 1. Iunii. 1454.
Bowl. f. 20. b.
D. Henr. Stafford mi­les, & D. Cecilia ux. ejus Marchi [...] ­nissa Dorset.
Ric. Norton legum Dr. 16. Nov. 1507.
Bl. f. 5. a.
D. Henr. Stafford mi­les, & D. Cecilia ux. ejus Marchi [...] ­nissa Dorset.
Io. Brereton in decretis ba [...]c. 28. Oct. 1509.
Ib. f. 5. b.
D. Tho. Grey March. Dorset.
Will. Bulwike. 23. Maii. 1520.
Ib. f. 8. b.
Margar. Marchion. Dors.
Rob. Brokk Cler. 6. Aug. 1538.
Str. & P. f. 16. b.

In the middst of this Church (before it was pull'd down, by reason of the steeple's ruine, as I have observed) was a fair raised monument for Thomas Grey, the first Marq. Dorset of his family, and his Lady, whereupon their statues were excellently cut: and under the same a vault, adorned with the pictures of Bishops, Cardinalls, and Monks, in which their bodyes lay; but by the fall of the steeple, before specified, it was totally broken and spoiled.

In the Chappell which stood on the Southside of the Quire, stood likewise two fair monuments; the one of Thomas the second Marq. Dorset, and his Lady, on the heads of whose statues were Coronets: and the other of Edw. Grey Visc. L'isle & his Lady; on the sides whereof were xvi. persons, and eight of them in religious habits. Both which monu­ments, at the removall of the same Chappell to the east end of the Quire, where it now serveth for a Chancell, were pull'd down, and utterly defaced.

In the same Quire, before the said alteration, were also some other monumentall stones of marble, with portraitures in brass upon them, besides those whereof I have already taken notice; upon one of which was this Epitaph.

Ex Astley domo Miles fuit iste Willielmus
Heres magnanimus Thome Astlei, viralmus.
Hic fundatoris fuit largus hospes honoris
Et dignus mores strenuus sequitur genitoris
Migravit celis animatum luce sole [...]i
M. C. quater & bis Domino regnante perciuit.




FOllowing the stream of this small Brook, called Sow, I come next to Bedworth (a place very well known in regard of the Coal-mines there.) As for the name thereof, I conceive it did originally proceed from some one that possest it in the Saxons time, whose name was Bede; for that the said appellation was then in use, those who are conversant in our English Histories do well e­nough know; the later sillable, worth, signifying a habitation.

In Domesday-book it is written Bedeword, the [...] wanting a stroke through it [...]; which, with the Saxons, stood for th; and by that Survey is rated at 4 hydes, the woods extending to one mile in length, and half a mile in bredth, all being then valued at xl s. and whereof Edwyn, Earl of Mer­cia, was possest before the Norman invasion; but afterwards by the E. of Mellent, most of whose lands in this County, his brother, the E. of War­wick, within a short time had: from whom some one of the family of Hastings obtained it (as it seems;) for I find, that they held it by Kts. ser­vice of his descendants, together with Wiley, whereof I have already spoke.

I am of opinion, that the families of Turvile and Craft were enfeofft thereof by Hastings; for it is evident, that they antiently possest it, mention F. levat. 1 Ioh. being made of William de Turevill in 1 Ioh. and in Testa de Nevill. 20 H. 3. that Simon de Turvill and Rog. de Craf [...] held one Kts. fee here. But towards the later end of H. 3. time, Will. de Charnells had Pat. 55. H. 3. in dorso. to do here, though I am not able to say upon what title, unless it were by descent from Beatrix, his mother, whom I conjecture to have been the heir of Craft, (as in Bilton you may see.) Neither can I discern how or when Turvill absolutely quitted his in­terest in this place; for in Rot. penès S. Clarke Bar. 20 E. 3. Will. de Charnells and Oliver de Turvill answered for half a Kts. fee here, which they held of the heirs of Hastings. And yet I find, that in Langt. f. [...]. a. 28 E. 1. Will. de Charnells wrote himself Dominus de Bed­worth; and in 9 E. 2. Henry de Charnels (his fa­ther) is solely certified Nom. vil. to be Lord thereof. Wan­ting therefore such light as might guide me in the full discovery of the successive Lords thereof, I have added so much of the descent of both these families, viz. Turvill and Charnells, as I have found by Record to have had relation thereunto.

  • Will. de Turvill, 20 H. 2 & 1 Joh.
    • Simon de Turvill, 20 H 3.
      • Claus. 53. H. 3. m. 8.
        Will. de Turvill, 53 H. 3.
        • Langt. f. 6. a.
          Magister Philippus de Turvill, rector eccl. de Bedworth, 28 E. 1.
        • Esc. 23. E. [...]. [...]. 1 [...].
          Rob. de Turvile, 23 E. 1.
          • Oliverus de Turvile, 20 E. 3.
            • Rot. F. 34. H. 3. m. 2.
              Beatrix, relicta, 34 H. 3. -
              Rot. F. 34. H. 3. m. 2.
              Will. de Charnels,
              • Pat. 55. H. [...]. in dorso.
                Will. de Charnels, 55 H. 3.
                • Reg. Pr. [...]. Ioh. Ierus. [...]n bibl. Cot­ton. f. 137. b.
                  Nich. de Charnels, miles, Dom. de Bilton, 28 E. 1.
                • Reg. Pr.