THE Moral Practice OF THE Jesuites;

Demonstrated by many re­markable Histories of their Actions in all parts of the World.

COLLECTED, Either from Books of the great­est Authority, or most certain and unquestionable RECORDS and MEMORIALS.

By the Doctors of the Sorbonne:

Faithfully rendred into English.

LONDON, Printed for Simon Miller, at the Star at the West-end of St, Pauls, 1670.

THE PREFACE Of the Design of this BOOK.

THere's no doubt but all who love the purity of the Moral Do­ctrine of Christ, are very sen­sible of the Corruption the Je­suites labour to introduce thereinto by the Opinions they have invented: But it may be said, That nothing is more dreadful in the Conduct of these Fa­thers than to see them pursue those [Page] corrupt maximes in their Practice, and that of the many things they allow in others contrary to the Law of God, and the principles of the Gospel, there is not any they commit not themselves, to satissie their Avarice, or to promote the Grandeur and Glory of their Society.

To prove this, is the business of the pre­sent Collection of those Learned and Pious Doctors of the Sorbonne to inspire the World, and the Jesuites themselves with horror at their detestable Morality, there being no better way to demonstrate the danger of the looseness they autho­rize, that latitude and remisness whereof they are Patrons, than by discovery of that abyss of Injustice, Avarice, Lust, and Other Vices wherein they have plunged them.

Let none imagine we were moved to gather the different pieces that make up this Collection, with design to decry or prejudice the Society. God is our wit­ness, [Page] we have undertaken it out of the Charity we have for them, and the grief we are sincerely affected with to see them so unhappily engaged. We sigh to [...]ind them the causes of the loss of so many souls they seduce, and draw with themselves into the precipices of Errour and Vice. We deplore their obstinacy in shutting their eyes against the Light held forth by the Pastors of the Church, to guide them out of their wandrings into the right wayes of Piety and Truth; and tremble when we consider, that every day they literally fulfil the Prophesies deli­vered of them in the infancy of their So­ciety.

For is it not a terrible judgement of God, not only on the Jesuites, but the whole Church, that almost in all parts of the world providence hath raised per­sons wise, illuminated, and full of the Divine Service, who from the first esta­blishment of this Company have foreseen all those mischiefs it hath wrought in the [Page] Church, its turning topsie turvy the Ecclesiastical Discipline, its troubling and disordering all Estates and Condi­tions, and that in the mean time the same Company hath been permitted to mount to that degree of Power and Au­thority, that they have laid at their feet almost all that is Great in the World, that those of their Order are Ma­sters of almost all the Consciences of Christendom, that they resist all Bishops, and very often attempt against their So­veraigns.

Melchior Canus▪ Bishop of the Cana­ries, that Great Luminary of the Church of Spain in these last ages, no sooner discovered their appearance in that Kingdome, but he believed the end of the world drew nigh, and that Anti-Christ would forthwith appear, for that the Fore-runners and Emissaries (the Titles they confess he calls them by) be­gan to walk abroad: He published everywhere, not only in particular discourses, [Page] and private Conferences, but in his Ser­mons and publick Lectures, that he dis­covered in them all the marks which the Apostle declared should be seen in the followers of Anti-Christ. And when Turrien one of his Friends who wa [...] turned Jesuite, desired him to forbear persecuting his Order, and alledged on that occasion the approbation given him by the Holy See, he made him no other Answer, but that he held himself obli­ged in Conscience to advertise the peo­ple as he did, that they might not pe [...] ­mit themselves to be seduced by the Je­suites.

D. Jerome Baptista de Lanuza Bi­shop of Albarazin and Balbastro; a person admirable for Holiness and Pie­ty, and particularly endowed with the gifts of Prophesie, of Wisdome and Vnderstanding, composed an expresse work to make it appear that the pro­phesie of St. Hildegard ought to be understood of the Jesuites, and that it [Page] was easie to discern all the lineaments[?] of the Society in the pourtraite she had made.

Tarvisius Patriarch of Venice con­firmed by an Oath upon the Holy Evan­gelists his prediction, that they should one day be expelled that City for their Factions and Politique Genius, which happened accordingly five hundred years after, for their having raised strange factions and seditions in the bosome of that Republique.

All the Catholique Vniversities, par­ticularly those of Cracovie, Lovaine, and Padua, those of Spain and France; the Bishops, the Clergy, all the Orders of Religion, and the Courts of Par­liament, almost every where opposed their establishment, as contrary to the good of the Church, and the security of States. And in particular, The fa­culty of Theology at Paris in their Famous Decree which we cannot too [Page] much Commend, Declared Unani­mously, THAT THIS SOCI­ETY APPEARED DANGER­OUS AS TO THE FAITH, APT TO TROUBLE THE PEACE OF THE CHURCH, TENDING TO THE OVERTHROW OF THE MONASTIQUE ORDERS OF RELIGION, AND MADE MORE FOR DESTRUCTION THAN FOR EDIFICATION.

GOD hath not only permitted that all those Great Men of Spain, Italy, Almaigne, Flanders, Poland, and France, should predict the mischiefs this Society would do in the Church, but hath raised many of the Society i [...] ­self, even Generals of their Order, to represent and set forth with that Energy, and Liberty, wherewith Chari­ty and Truth do inspire men, the cor­ruptions crept in amongst them, and by their means spread through the whole body of the Church.

[Page] The learned Mariana hath made an express Treatise Of the Defaults he had observed in their Government, and makes it appear, That at the time he writ, their Society was so much dis­figured, That had St. Ignatius their Founder come again into the world, he would not have known it: Mutius Vitteleschi their sixth General, re­flecting upon that criminal facility wherewith those of his Congregation embraced All the New Opinions that [...]ended (as his phrase is) to corrupt and ruine the Piety of the Faithful, sayes in a Letter addressed to the Su­periours of all their houses, That there was reason to fear, the latitude and liberty of Opinion of some of the Society, especially in the matter of manners, would not only utterly ruine the Company, but cause very great mischiefs in the whole Church of God.

So many Voices and Ora [...]les ought [...]ertainly at least to have inclined the [Page] Jesuites to examine themselves and re­form in their Doctrine and Conduct, what so many Great Men judged capa­ble to destroy their Society, and an­noy the whole Church: But by a just judgement of God, what St. Paul the Apostle declares to be the condition of every one, Who doth not embrace the Holy Instructions of Christ, and the Doctrine which is according to God­liness, is hapned to them; for, saith the Apostle, He is proud, knowing no­thing, but doating about questions and strifes of words, from whence cometh, envy, strife, evil surmisings, perverse disputings of men of cor­rupt minds, who have not the know­ledge of the Truth, supposing that gain is Godliness, 1 Tim. [...]. 3.

The design of this Collection is to make appear, that God by a secret order of his Providence hath abandoned the Jesuites to these unhappy Atten­dants [Page] of insi [...]cerity in Religion, and to demonstrate particularly in this, That he hath given them up to the two most pernicious enormities, which ac­cording to the Apostle, are the effects of mens infidelity and unwillingnesse to embrace the instructions of Jesus Christ, which are, To be puft up with pride, and to imagine that godlinesse is to be used as a means to enrich themselves. For by the ex­tracts we have reported out of the Image of their First Age, will ap­peare on the one side The pride of their hearts, and to what a pitch of extravagance their self-conceitednesse hath carried them, as that there is not any artifice, injustice or violence they impl [...]y not to enrich themselves, by the spoils of all sorts of persons Se­cular and Religious, Soveraign and private.

They have no cause of complaint, that we attribute these disorders to [Page] the Society, for that though they were onely the faults of those particular persons who committed them, they might neverthelesse be justly imputed to the Society, as authorizing them all by the doctrine she defends, and the impunity the offenders find in her bosome.

For where are the punishments she inflicted on them who acted such vio­lences and inhumanities against the Nuns of Voltigerode? What course hath she taken to repair the damages sustained by so many desolate fami­lies ruined by the banquerupt of the Colledge at Sevil. Let any one, saith Mariana, Chap. 14. have but bold­nesse enough, what faults soever he be guilty of, he remains in the So­ciety, if he have but the wit to frame an excuse, or any pretence for what he hath committed. I passe by gross crimes, a great number whereof is winked at under colour of want of [Page] sufficient proof, or fear to have them noysed and so become pub­lick, [...]or our Government seems to aim at nothing else but covering of faults, like them who rake the ashe [...] uppermost, as if the fire that lies under would not sooner or later send forth some smoke. No rigour is exercised but upon those poor wretches who have neither power nor protection, whereof there are instances enough; others shall com­mit the greatest mischiefs imagina­ble, and yet no man touch one hair of their head: A Provincial or Re­ctor shall turn all upside down, vio­late the Rules and Constitutions of the Order, squander away the Estate belonging to their Houses, or give them to his Kindred, without any punishment after severall years mis­carriage, but the rendring of his condition better than ever, by dis­charging him of his Office. Does any man know a Superior chastised for [Page] such excesses as these? And after­wards having wished, that there were in the Society Rewards provided for the good, and Punishments for the vicious, he addes, 'Tis a lamentable thing, and permitted by God for our sins, that oftentimes we practise the contrary, for among us the Good are afflicted, yea put to death without cause, or for very light reasons, be­cause we are assured to find no con­tradiction nor resistance from them, whereof we could produce many deplorable examples; and the wicked are upheld; because they are feared. A conduct capable to provoke God to precipitate the Society into the Abyss of Destruction.

See how this▪ Author, who was a member of the Soiety, deplores [...]her policy that engages her unhappily to con [...]ive at the greatest enormities of the persons of whom she consists! And how farre she is answerable for [Page] their greatest extravagancies by che­rishing and maintaining them, and making it her Choyce to tolerate in them all sorts of Corruptions, rather than discover to the World any thing that may induce the people to believe, the Society is composed of any but Saints.

It were easie to prove, that the Greatest part of the Maxims of their Moralls are grounded on nothing else but the libertinage of the members, whose justification the Society un­dertakes: When one of the Company had seduced his Penitent, and made use of pretended Revelations to co­ver under the name of marriage his impurities and sacriledge: Another of the Society to justifie the Crime, fails not to teach, That a Fryar profest may marry upon a probable Revelation. If one publish Calum­nies against the most innocent per­sons, because he imagines they did [Page] the Society prejudice; Another will teach, That a Fryar may not only destroy the reputation, but slay the person of any he foresees may annoy the Glory of his Order: Lastly, if some be so wicked, as to inspire the Subjects of best Princes with designs against their Lives, and the quiet of their Estates; Others will com­pose intire Volumes to justifie those Assassines and Murtherers, and the Society will Canonize them for Saints, and Register them in the Catalogue of Martyrs, especially if they be of her Children.

May it not be truly said then, that the Members of the Society commit not any disorder that may not justly be imputed to the Society it self? But 'tis not our purpose in this Collection; where we shall re­port nothing but what hath been done by whole Houses, and intire Provinces, and the Society it self [Page] appeared highly in defence of. So that we shall omit a great number of sto­ries, whereof we have most ample and Authentick Memoirs in our hands, with the Names and Surnames of the Persons, the Houses, the Provinces, and the Circumstances of their Crimes specified so particularly, that there cannot remain the least doubt of the truth of the facts alleadged; which yet shall one day see light, if these Fathers force us to publish, there is not any enormity in the Ca­talogue of Vices which is not practi­sed amongst them; that they abuse their Missions into strange Countreys, to lay snares for the Chastity of the Inhabitants, their Conversation, the Word of God and surintendence of Monasteries to corrupt Virgins con­secrate to God, Mens Daughters and Wives, the Sacrament of Penance to pervert mens Consciences; and pollute their Colledges and Congregations, by Enormities not to be named.

[Page] There is evidence sufficient for this in the book F. Jarrige the Jesuite of Rochell published against them, wherein the matters of fact are set forth with all their particular cir­cumstances, that not to believe them were to offer violence to our senses: 'Tis true the Book was published du­ring his Apostacy, but 'tis as remark­able, that after his return to the Church of Rome, and his publishing at Antwerp in the Jesuites Colledge, the causes of his return, and dis­coursing at large of that Book, he charges himself with too much heat in the writing, but doth not par­ticularly disavow any one of those scandalous stories he reported there­in: This is an indubitable proof of their truth, it being impossible that the Jesuites would have ab­solved him, having published against them so many Calumnies without obliging him to a publick acknow­ledgement, [Page] that they were false, if the facts he had reported had not been true.

But we were willing to pass by these and many other enormities, as well to avoyd offence to the Reader, by writing things which cannot with modesty be made publick, as for that what openly appears in the visible conduct of the Society affords too clear proofs of the perfect Conformi­ty between their Practices and their Maxims: And that having abandon­ed the Rules of the Gospel, to follow their vain Ratiocinations, God hath delivered them up to the wandrings and errours of a depraved and corrupt spirit, which hath engaged them in Actions unworthy not only of Priests, and of Fryars, but of Vertuous Pagans.

The benefit we propose in publish­ing this Collection, is to confirm the [Page] faithfull in the abhorrency they ought to have of the Moralls of the Jesuites, which as a poysoned spring convey venome into the hearts of all that approach them, and to perswade the people to avoyd their detestable Max­ims, which having corrupted the un­derstanding, engage the will in disso­luteness and debauchery; and to en­cline the Jesuites to give better at­tention to the Iudgement past of them by so many great persons, par­ticularly those of the Faculty of Theo­logy at Paris, in 1554. the accomplish­ment of whose sentence is cleared by the Historical Relations reported in this Collection.

'Tis our hearty desire the Jesuites may reap the benefit of our Labour, for, (whatever they say) we love them, and have for them all the Charity we ought: But we dare not hope they will profit by what we have done, for that these Fathers never return from [Page] the Abysse they are plunged in; but as they are invincibly obstinate in the defence of their greatest enormi­ties, we are to resolve upon an in­flexible firmitude, and indefatigable constancy to reproach them therewith, and press them to amend, with in­cessant sighs for their errors and miscarriages, and prayers to God to mollifie the hardness of their hearts. Qui enim ista non dolent, non est in eis charitas Christi; qui autem etiam de talibus gaudent, abundat in eis malignitas Diaboli. St. August. Epist. 137.

Of the Pieces contained in this First Part.

ALl the Pieces, whereof this Col­lection is composed are reduced to two things we have undertaken to justifie, that is, That the Jesuites are animated with a spirit of Pride and of Avarice.

The first is made appear by the Ex­tracts we report from a Book Entituled The Image of the first Age of the So­ciety of Jesus, which the Jesuites cau­sed to be printed in Flanders in 1640. The reason of the Title was their de­sign, to represent in that Book all the different Events happened to their So­ciety since their establishment in 1540: which they have pursued with so much affectation, & executed in a manner so full of vanity and pride, that we can­not open the Book without abhorring the impudence of these fathers, in turn­ing all things to their advantage, and [Page] labouring to draw Glory from that which ought rather to humble and confound them. It might have been necessary to have translated the whole Book to make known their folly at large, and to discover their extrava­gancies in their perfect dimensions; but we have been content to make only some Extracts, to which a person of Piety hath added reflections, no less solid than ingenious, the Light where­of renders their Vanity more ridicu­lous. We doubt not but the Readers will judge, that we ought to have re­futed them thus, since, as Tertullian says, there's nothing more due to the vanity of men than to be railed at. We hope that these Extracts will servs[?] to demonstrate the utility and neces­sity of the present Collection, for that this Society having affected to give the world such false Ideas of them­selves, and representations quite dif­ferent from what they really are, it was but just to present men with the [Page] true pictures of these Fryars, and give them the occasion To know them by their Fruits, Mat. 7. 16.

The other pieces of this Collection serve to prove, they imploy all sorts of means to inrich themselves, and that nothing escapes the claws of their a­varice

The first stories we report, are taken out of works so authentique, that to name them will be sufficient to exempt their credit from question, as being Extracts out of a Memorial presented to His Majesties Council by the Vicar-General of the Order of Cluny in Al­maigne, others out of a book of a fa­mous Benedictine Fryar in Almaigne, and others from an arrest of the Par­liament of Metz.

The residue are Extracts of a Spa­nish Book, Intituled, The Theatre of Jesuitisme, or the Jesuitique Thea­tre; being an Apology for other Orders of Religion against the Jesuites ad­dressed to Pope Innocent the 10th, and Printed at Conimbre in 1654, But [Page] because this book is not well known to the world, and men may possibly ser [...]ple to give it the credit it de­serves without a more particular know­ledge of the Author, and occasion that moved him to write, we shall endeavour in few words to satis [...]ie their doubts:

To begin with the Occasion that gave birth to the Theatre of Jesui­tisme; we are to observe that the li­centiate Esclapes, having made a Book Intituled, A manifest addressed to all the Faithful in Jesus Christ; of the wicked maximes taught, maintained and practised by the Jesuites: Ano­ther Author under the name of Do­ctor Aquila answered it by a Book which appeared with this Title, La­dreme el Perro y no me muerda: Let the Curr bark at me but not bite me. This pretended Doctor under­took in this work to justifie all that Esclapes had reproved, and to shew [...]e understood not the matter he Treated of, when he affirmed the Je­suites to have been sole Authors of [Page] those Maximes, whereas they had only followed the Authors who preceded them, and especially the Dominicans, in whose Books they had learnt them.

The Author of the Theatre of the Jesuitisme undertakes by that Book, the refutation of Aquila, and the de­fence of all the Authors he had at­taqued.

The Book is divided into two parts: The first comprehends the refutation of Aquila upon the Maximes reported by Esclapes: We have taken nothing out of this; The Moral Doctrine of the Jesuites, not long since published, containing large Entracts made of that part: We have confined our selves principally to the second, as condu­cing most to the design of this Col­lection, which is to demonstrate the practice of that doctrine in the Con­duct of the Jesuites.

We shall observe here onely two things: 1. That this passed in Spain the [Page] same time when the pernicious Morals of the Jesuites were attaqued with such zeal and success in France. 2. That the Author sayes, he affirms not any story in his Book, but what concerns the Society intire, or some particular person, whose protection and defence the Community undertook, and for whom by consequence they are responsible. To which he adds, that 'tis visible, that among the Jesuites, 'tis not so much the particular persons that offend, as in other Orders of Re­ligion, who correct and expell them that are guilty, but that a general dissoluteness hath seized the whole body; which he justifies by the words of Azeuredo, and Villa Sante Iesuites of Spain, who renewed the Sect of the Illuminated Heretiques, and having been imprisoned and interrogated up­on their abominable Tenets, answered the Magistrates, That if they were imprisoned for them, they might have as well imprisoned the Society.

[Page] As for the Author of the Theatre of Jesuitisme, the name of La Pieta [...], which he assigned was not his tru [...] Name: He was a Natural Son of the de­ceased King of Spain, and hath been al­wayes reputed very considerable in the Court at Madrid: Nor was it his in­tention by that assumed name to con­ceal his composure of that work, which he hath alwayes publickly owned as the true Author thereof; and had it been feasible to have confined the Book to the Kingdome of Spain, he had prefixt his Name, since none in that Realm but knew it his work; but his mode­sty and humility inclined him to hide his name from those of forreign Coun­tries who were ignorant of it.

He was a Dominican when he com­posed the Book; his name is Ildefonso de S. Thomas a Sancto Thoma: And though his Book by the Credit of the Jesuites hath been condemned and put into the Index Expurgatorius, it hin­dered him not from being named suc­cessor [Page] to John de Pallafox in the Bishoprick of Osme, and presently af­ter in that of Placentia worth fifty thousand Crowns annual rent; and lastly, in that of Malaga, which he is new possessed of, having preferred it before that of Placentia, though it be worth but twenty thousand Crowns, which is thirty thousand Crowns less than the other, to justifie this choice, he said, that the Monastery where he made his profession was in the City of Malaga; though the more probable cause may be, that being a person of most accomplished piety, having past all the Offices and Dignities of his Or­der, he gladly embraced the occasion by his dis-interesment on this occur­rence to edi [...]ie the Church, and lessen his account to be rendred to God, which would have been increased, had he continued in charge with a Bisho­prick so considerable as that of Pla­centia, being one of the richest of Spain after Toledo.

[Page] The King of Spain hath acknow­ledged him his Son, and he was made Bishop in the Life of the King. The three Bishopricks mentioned, were all void in less than three months; so that he hath stood charged with no other Church but only that of Malaga, and is highly esteemed in his Diocess; He is reputed one of the greatest and most zealous preachers this day in Spain, and applies himself much to Confession, and the direction of Souls committed to his care.

His Mother was Maid of Honour to Isabel of France, late Queen of Spain, and was Sister to the Mar­quesse Mortara Governour of Milan; but being with Child, the King to save his Honour married her to the Marquess Quintana, one of the greatest and richest Lords of his Court. The Marquess had that passionate love for this Lady, and gave her those Evi­dences of real affection, that she held [Page] her self obliged to testifie her acknow­ledgements, by revealing the secret of her being with Child by the King be­fore her Espousals with the Marquess her Husband: But all the Protesta­tions she could make of inviolable si­delity to him could not save the poor Marquesse from receiving in this news his mortal wound, for though he gave his Wife no testimony of it, he was seized with such grief upon the report, that it brought him to his end within two months after.

The Marquesse having lain in re­tired into a Monastery, whence she took great care of her Sons educa­tion, and afterwards became a Nun and died there: But having before told her Son who he was, he took a resolution to take the habit of St. Do­minique in the City of Malaga, a­bout which is scituate the Estate he quitted to become a Fryar of that Order, wherein he lived ever since, and [Page] continues at present with the dignity of Episcopacy, and a high reputation of singular piety.

The Merit and Piety of the Au­thor of the THEATRE of JE­SUITISME takes away all doubts of the truth of the facts he reports. What remains, but to add, a word of those pieces that immediately fol­low this PREFACE, and to ob­serve that they are common to all parts of the Collection, being Pro­phesies, whose accomplishment is seen in all the Stories whereof the work is composed, which are but effectual Comments and Explications of what hath been predicted.

It is not our purpose in this Trea­tise, or others, to heap all the [...]x­amples that might be brought on the Subject, which might require an infinite number of Volumes, but [Page] to pick out the most Authentique, and proper to justifie that we under­take to prove.

Licensed, and Entred according to Order.

The words of St. Paul, taken out of the third Chapter of the second Epistle to Timothy.
Interpreted of the Iesuites by the Pious and Learned Bishop of the Canaries, Melchier Ca­nus, the Famous Divine of the Order of St. Dominique.
Acknowledged accordingly by O [...]landin the I [...] ­suite, in the History of the Society.

1. KNow then that in the latter dayes perillous times shall come.

2. For there shall be men wh [...] shall be lovers of themselves, co­vetous, boasters, pr [...]ud, blasphemers, dis [...]bedient to parents, un [...]hankfull, unboly.

[Page 2]3. Without natural affection, truce-breakers, false-accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good.

4. Traytors, heady, high-minded, lovers of plea­sures m [...]re than lovers of God.

5. Having a form of Godliness, but denying the power thereof, from such turn away.

6. For of this sort are they that creep into houses, and lead cap [...]i [...]e silly women laden with sins, led a­way with divers lusts.

7. Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the Truth.

8. Now as James and Jambres withstood Mo­ses, so do these also resist the truth; men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the Faith.

9. But they shall proceed no further, for their [...]olly shall be made manifest to all men, as theirs also was.

12. Yea, and all that will live Godly in Christ Iesus, shall suffer persecution.

13. But the evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.

The Prophecy of St. Hildegard.

THe Prophecy of St. Hildegard hath been ap­plyed to the Iesuites by many persons, and among others, by D. Ierome Baptista de la Nuza of the Order of St. Dominique, afterwards Bishop of Albarazin and Balbastro, whose Elegy may be seen in the Acts of the Chap. General of that Order Celebrated at Rome in 1629. 'Tis said of him, that all his life he observed exact­ly the rules of his Order, even in the smallest matters, and added thereto in his practice fre­quent Fasts, and instead of cords made use of chains of iron in acts of Penance and Mortifi­cation; his constant exercises were Prayer and Reading of Godly Books; he had the gift of Prophecy, was of great Wisdome, and excellent Understanding, whereof his Master St. Lewis Beltram and his Books give ample testimony and a clear evidence: He spent fifty years in the Ministry of the Word, and when he preach'd his face was often seen to shine with extraordi­nary lustre; his Charity, when Bishop, made him very poor, for he gave all his Goods, even the Bed he lay on, in Almes; his Confessor as­sures us he never sinned mortally, and in the seventieth year of his Age died at Albarazin re­puted a Saint.

[Page 4]The Holy Woman speaks of a sort of men to come in the last Ages: And 'tis observed in the Life of St. Engelbert the Martyr, Arch-Bishop of Cologne, written by an Author his Contemporary, That in the life of that Prelate, when the Domi­ [...]i [...]ans and Franciscans came to Cologne to Found for themselves Houses of Religion, the Ecclesi­asticks murmured, and endeavoured to per­swade the Arch-bishop to expel them; alledg­ing for reason, their fear that these were the men of whom St. Hildegard had Prophesied; to which the Prelate made answer, that there was no cause of complaint against those Orders, for that till then they had not given other than good Examples; but the time would come, when the Prophecy should be fulfilled; which in the Margent of this Prophecy in the Annals of Baronius is observed to be these latter dayes.

I shall relate the Prophecy as I find it recited in Bzovius a famous Author; for though the Copy, the Bishop of Albarazin followed in his Commentary, differ somewhat from that Bzovius made use of, yet both agree exactly in sense.

The Marvellous Prophecy of the Abbess Hilde­gard, Reported by Bzovius in the 15th Tome of his Ecclesiastical Annals, Anno Dom. 1415. Q. 39. under Pope John 23.

THere will arise men without a Chief, who shall feed and grow fat upon the sins of the people, but profess themselves of the num­ber of Beggars; shameless in their behaviour; studious to invent new wayes to do mischief; a pernicious Order odious to all wise men, and those that are faithful to Jesus Christ, healthy and strong, but lazy and idle, that they never work, pretending beggery, busie antagonists a­gainst the Teachers of the Truth; by their Cre­dit with Great Ones opposing the Innocent; having four principal Vices rooted in their hearts by the Devil; Flattery, to gain gifts from the World; Envy, to make them impatient to see good done to others, and not to them; Hy­pocrisie, to please by dissimulation; and Detracti­on to render themselves commendable by dis­praising others; Preaching incessantly to Secu­lar Princes to procure themselves applause from the people, and to seduce the simple, but with­out Devotion or Example of true Martyrdome, robbing true Pastors of their Rights to admini­ster the Sacraments, and depriving the Poor, the miserable and the sick of their Almes, cajole­ing [Page 9] the populace, and courting their favour, familiar with Ladies, and other women, and [...]eaching them to cheat their husbands, and give away their goods to them in private; re­ceivers of ill gotten goods, saying, give them to us and we will pray for you, and obtain pardon for all your sins; making these they Confess to forget their kindred; receiving goods from [...]obbers on the high-way, extortioners, sacri­legious persons, usurers, fornicators, adulterers, hereticks, schismaticks, apostates, lewd women, perjured tradesmen, corrupt Judges, cashiered souldiers, tyrants, and all other miscreants led by the Devil; living deliciously, passing this transitory life in society, and at last falling to­gether into damnation, having the world at will; but the people will by degrees grow cold towards them, and having by experience found them seducers, cheats and impostors, will hold their hands from further gifts; then will they run about their houses like famished or mad dogs, with their eyes to the ground, shrinking their necks like [...], seeking bread to satis [...]e their hunger; but the people will cry out, Woe be to you, ye children of desolation, the world hath deceived you, the devil is seized of your hearts and mouths, your minds are gone astray in vain speculations, your eyes were delighted with beholding vanities, your delicate palates have searched out the most pleasant wines; [Page 7] your feet were swift in running to mischief, and you may remember you never did good; you were the fortunate malignants, pretending po­verty, but very rich, and under colour of sim­plicity, of great power; devout flatterers, hypo­critical saints, proud beggars, offering petiti­oners, wavering and unstable teachers, delicate martyrs, hired confessors, proudly humble, pi­ou [...]ly hard-hearted in the necessities of others, sugred slanderers, peaceable persecutors, lovers of the world, sellers of indulgencies, disposing all things for your convenience, admirers of luxury, ambi [...]ious of honour, purchasers of houses, sowers of discord, building still higher and higher, but not able to attain a height equal to your desires; and now ye are fallen as Simon the Magician, whose bones were bruised, and his body struck by God with a mortal plague upon the Apostles prayer; so shall your Order be destroyed by reason of your impostures and iniquities: Go then you teachers of sin, the Doctors of disorder, Fathers of corruption, Children of wickedness, wee'l no longer follow you for Guides, nor give ear to your doctrine.

An Expository Comment upon this prophecy by the Right Rever [...]nd Don Jerome Baptista de La Nuza, Lord Bishop of Albarazin, and after­wards of Balbastro; whereby it appears that 'tis [...]o be applyed to those who call themselves the So­ciety of Jesus, though their actions and opinions b [...]speak them his enemies, being con [...]radictory to His, which they profess with their month, but de­ny in their works:
Reported by the Author of Theatrum Iesul [...] [...]um, pag. 183. as a true Copy of the Original under the Prelates hand, remaining in the Convent of Dominicans at Saragosa.

1. There will arise men witho [...]t a Chief, who shall feed and grow far upon the sins of the people, but profess themselves of the number of Beggars.

FIrst, It appears this is spoken of Ecclesiascti­cal persons, for of them the Prophet said, That they did eat the sins of the people, which is the same with the Holy womans expression in the Prophecy.

Secondly, They must be of a begging Order, which she confirms on another occasion by ex­press words to that purpose: (Assumentes potins [Page 9] exemplum mendicandi) And though the Iesuites are not comprehended in any of the four Or­ders of Fryers Mendicant, yet have they Brieves like theirs, whereof they glory in their Books, and make use upon occasion.

Thirdly, That they shall be an Order which shall not bear the name of their Founder or chief, which is the meaning of those words, Sans Chef, and denotes what is afterwards inti­mated in the name La Companie, which Hilde­gard uses, where she saith, That they shall live de­li [...]iously in the Company or S [...]ciety; a name not newly assumed, but from the time of their found­ation, as appears by their Constitutions and Histories; you anger them as nick-named if you call them Ynnigistes or L [...]yolistes, from Ynnigo de Loyola their Founder, and though they new Christen'd him Ignacius, yet will not they be content to be called Ignacius, but diligent only in that of the Society, as most honourable; though other Orders, as the Fryers, Predicants and Minors, who pass usually under those Ap­pellations, think it no affront to be called Do­minicans or Franciscans, from the names of their Founders.

The Abbot I [...]achim neer contemporary with St. Hildegard, whose prophecies the Jesuites say are to be understood of them, is of the same opinion with her, calling that sort of men he speaks of Turbs Ass ciata, a Multitude living in Society.

[Page 10]What Solomon sayes of the Locus [...]s, that they have no King, yet go forth by bands, may be applyed here as agreeable to the Iesuites, who in their Constitutions assume the title of Vni­ [...]sa S [...]ietas, The whole Society without a head.

2. Shameless in their behaviour.

The whole world with an unanimous Vote still censure them impudent in all their actions; when they undertake any thing, happen what will, say what you please, it never troubles them; there's not a sort of men under heaven that care so little what becomes of the most im­portant concerns, provided they may obtain their desires; we have instances of their impu­dence against the Cardinal of Toledo, D. Gas­parde Quiroga, who had been their great friend, and D. Ierome Manrique, whom King Bhilip the second had given them for visitor. 'Tis a max­ime amongst them, that to promote self-interest is the only wisdome, for what men say for the pre­sent is soon forgot: The Prophecy in Latine de­clares them sine rubore, so shameless they cannot blush, but like Libertines, nor fear nor care for any thing.

3. Studious to invent new wayes to do mischief.

Who invented and practised Confession by [Page 11] Letter? Who would have obliged [...]enitents to discover their complices against their wills? Who have said that a Fryer may marry upon a Revelation he shall imagine certain or probable, and not only marry but refuse to obey his Supe­riour in any matter whatever, or the Lawes. which oblige all other men; that he need not go to Confession who hath a Revelation, he is in the state of Grace? Hence it comes that men of Religion traffick and deal in merchandize, and a hundred other things full of impurity, usury and simony.

'Tis matter of astonishment how they all de­fend whatever any of their Society hath said, though nerver so new, never so scandalous. To verifie this Prophecy they have filled the world with new tricks and devices, and from the ma­gazine of their invention furnished impostors. with subtle artifices and cheats in all matters of consequence, whether great or small.

4. A pernici [...]us Order odious to all wise men, and those that are faithful to Iesus Christ.

'Tis to be admired there's not a person but complains of them, and the manner of their acting; the world observes they love to inter­meddle in all sorts of affairs, to tamper: with in­heritances and successions, to give frequent vi­sits to Ladies, that they are fine hypocrites, flat­ [...]erers; [Page 12] of Princes, enemies to men of Religion, full of artifice in their proceedings, presumptu­ous, main sticklers for credit from knowledge and virtue, practising respect of persons as a piece of their decalogue, and a thousand things more of the like nature; and yet they have ad­vocates who plead, while all the world mur­mures against them, that all the world esteems and honours them; that is, as one expounds it, Men abhor them in their hearts, but must praise [...]hem with their lips.

5. Healthy and strong, but lazy and idle, &c.

This needs no Comment, every hours expe­ [...]ience expounds it.

6. Pretending beggary.

They appear Beggars, but are not so, for in [...]ruth 'tis but for a colour of mortification that they sometimes send of their young men to beg; and if the old ones do it, they eat not the hread that's gathered, but either sell or give it away: Valentia knows so much, that we need not add more to disabuse the world in this particular.

7. Strong Antagonists against the Teachers of the Truth.

So [...] of the Iesnites, that one would think [Page 13] they had made it their task to contradict the Fathers, and if they Comment on St. Thom [...]s, 'tis that they may the better oppose his judge­ment, as appears by their books. To prove this, see how Molina handles St. Augustin upon the Efficacy of Grace, he calls him cruel, and adds other very strange epithites, because the Father a [...]tributes not to free-will all that this Iesuite allows it.

8. By their Credit with Great ones, oppressing the innocent.

The F. Provincial of the Dominions of Arra­gon, in his Memorial presented to King Philip the second, in Answer to the Calumnies of the Iesuites against that Order, affirms it a matter of certain truth, that these Fathers maintain one of their Society constantly at Court, on no other imployment but to make continual com­plaints to the King and the Nuncio against the Dominicans, which they do upon the least occa­sion offered from any matter that occurs in the Dominicans writings. The same Provincial proves that the Iesuites do this in things abso­lutely false, to incense the King, and exasperate the Nuncio against the Dominicans. I pass over a thousand fabulous stories they have composed which they would make Authentick by the amity of Princes, and their credit with Great [Page 14] Men, to disparage and destroy the reputation of other Orders of Religion, as they possess men of power in private addresses with ill opi­nions of those who are not their friends, and bespeak their protection against all such as bear ill will to their Order.

9. Having four principal Vices rooted in their bearts by the Devil, flattery to gain gifts from the world.

Judge now, whether the Iesuites be not guil­ty of this Vice, and those others of envy, hypo­crisie and detraction wherewith they are char­ged by the Prophecy; see whether they are any vaile to cover them, or practise them openly in the face of the Sun, especially their flattery. There's not a Race of men in the world, that flatter and sanctifie their Proselytes as these men do. To be of their Congregation, and to be a Saint, are in their dialect terms equivalent, though the person be a publick usurer; as he that is not their friend cannot (in their language) be of the Communion of Saints. Their Envy and Hypocrisic are so palpable, that the Text needs no interpreter, but their practice to make it intelligible.

10. Detraction to render themselves c [...]mmend [...] ­ble by defaming others.

They never scruple at slanders, if they may serve for their honour or the credit of their friends, raising themselves on the ruines of o­thers. When Seneca advised to be moderate in Commendations, and sparing in Dispraises, lest by excess in the one men incur suspicion of flattery, and in the other be lyable to the cen| sure of malignity; we may think he had these Fathers in prospect, and provided a remedy for their disease who are fallen into extreams on both sides, directly opposite to the duty he com| mends, for they speak too ill of good, and too well of bad men, and slander both the doctrines and the persons of the Saints, that they may bring the one and the other out of credit, and exalt themselves above both, in letting us see they have greater authority, and have learnt things the Saints never knew: This produced that expression in their Publick Act, We are to give Molina thanks for inventing that which St. Augustin could never have found. 'Tis their com­mon discourse, that other Orders of Religion are but dregs or trees past bearing, that they are sprung up in their place full of that quick spirit and vigour which at their first institution flou­rished in other Orders now in decay.

[Page 16]They stick not to say, that the Orders of St. Dominique, St. Francis, and others are but a trou­ble to them, a surcharge to the body politick, and superfluous members of the Ecclesiastical, the Rector of their Colledge at Majorca a few years since had the impudence to write to the Provincial of the Dominicans at Arragon.

11. Preaching incess antly to secular Princes, to procure themselves applause from the people, and seduce the simple, but without devotion or example of true martyrdom.

'Tis a common saying that the Iesuites keep themselves to be Confessors, having no inclina­tion for martyrs, whose Catalogue among them is so short, that you may count them all on your fingers of one hand: This was the ordinary discourse at Rome when Venice published Edicts against the Apostolick See. All Catholicks under the Popes Obedience were in danger of that Con­juncture, but the Iesuites went fairly off of them­selves for fear of those Prisons, Banishments, and greater punishments, which Religious per­sons of other Orders underwent and endured; fear had a stronger influence, and more power­ful operation on the spirits of the Iesuites, than the love of the truth which kept up those of other Orders from retyring voluntarily or by force: But the Iesuites were safe enough, hav­ing [Page 17] a cloak for their knavery, in pretending they were expelled, whereas they withdrew of themselves, and claiming merit for choosing to run away, which they would make the world believe they were forced to by violence.

Thus the Prophecy describes accurately their manner of preaching, and maintaining the Faith among the Great Ones without hazard of life. The Apostles and Preachers of the Gospel went among infidels, like Sheep among Wolves, exposing themselves to Martyrdom for the pro­pagating of the Faith; and the Dominicans and Franciscans treading their steps, have since the beginning of their establishment swelled the Catalogue of their Martyrs to a volume: But the Iesuites being to preach at Iapan, and seeing their persons in danger by the displeasure of the Emperour there, addressed themselves to King Philip for a guard of Soldiers, that they might preach in safety; which was so scandalous to all that knew it, that D. Michael de Bonavides Bishop of the Philippines held himself obliged to write thereof to the King; and though they were the first Preachers in most parts of Iapan and the Indies, they can hardly name a martyr of the Society; which appears strange where the cruelty of the people, and aversness from the Gospel, might have made many.

12. Robbing true Pastors of their Rights to administer the Sacraments.

When I consider what happened in the time of Gregory 13th, I think it easie to demonstrate how properly this may be applyed to the Ie­suites: As soon as they entred Iapan, they perswaded the Emperour of the Countrey and the Pope, that it was not expedient to admit any persons to come thither who differ'd from them in Habits, Customs, or Ceremonies; giving for reason, that the new Converts would be scandalized at the diversity. As if the Church were not like a Monarchy, com­posed of different estates, and compared in Scripture to a Queen attyred in divers colours, but were wholly Jesuitical in habit and all other things. This reason was sufficient to sur­prize the Pope, and procure them his Grant, that none but they should enter Iapan; so that had there been a Bishop for the Countrey, he was excluded his Diocese: A thing never heard of, to shut the door of the fold against the true shepheards, and hinder them to admi­nister the Sacraments; which hath been the Cause that many have renouneed the faith for want of Confirmation: But such is the conse­quence of the Iesuites Doctrine, that Confir­mation and Orders by Bishops are[?] not necessa­ry. [Page 19] And that this is their tenet, the occurren­ces of Iapan, the passages between the Iesuites, and the Papers sent to the Pope by the Bishop of the Philippines, and the Iesuites actions in England and elsewhere, do clearly prove.

13. Depriving the poor, the miserable, and the sick, of their Almes.

This needs no explication, every poor man knows it.

14. Cajoleing the Populace, and Courting their favour.

'Tis certain, they labour nothing more than for the favour of the people, and gain the multitude to their party, by publishing Letters, which are often counterfeit; pretending suc­cess in their affairs, and feigning miscarriages in their adversaries, and ludeing their misfor­tunes when their interest requires it: They tell stories of Iapan, Poland, Almaine and Rome, and if it may serve their Turns they will forge news upon the places they live in, though they are sure the next day to be convicted of lying; but they care not what happens if they attain their ends in cheating the people to think fa­vourably of them: Wherein they are so confi­dent, that they boldly told Pope Clement the 8th, [Page 20] that if he decreed any thing against them in the matter of Ayds, the whole Chur [...]h should smart for it.

15. Familiar with Ladyes and other women, teaching them to cheat their husbands, and give away their Goods to them in private.

The Prophecy is so clear in this particular, that who knowes the Iesuites, knowes the meaning of it without an Expositor.

16. Receivers of ill gotten Goods.

I know not to whom the words may be better applyed. 'Tis not long since their esta­blishment, yet are they more rich than all the Mendicants and other orders of Religion, but 'tis no wonder, if you Audit their Accompts and examine their wayes to get money ex­pressed in this Prophecy: for they take it from all the world, Robbers, Usurers, Merchants, corrupt Judges, debauched Youths, Apostates, Sodomites, Whores, and generally from all those who live contrary to the Evangelical Law: And when I see how close they stick to such sort of people, and make use of them in their affairs, I know not whether they have not some secret surreptitious priviledges, to compound with these sinners for some Almes [Page 21] they receive, or for promoting some other Concerns of the Society: I can produce some instances, and have read in their Constitutions, that their General ought alwayes to labour the obtaining new priviledges, exemptions and favours for the Society.

17. Saying, Give them us, and we will pray for you, and obtain pardon for all your sins.

The years now last past have discovered their practice towards persons of whom they have most need in their affairs: They tell them the Society is charged with their sinns, and will repent for them, so that the sinners need take no care, but repose in security, bearing them in hand that they shall be sanctified though they do nothing in order to it; and instead of instructing them in the fear of God, leading them through vain hopes into the pa­radise of fools.

18. Making those they confess to forget their Kindred.

There are so many examples of the Iesuites extraordinary avarice in engaging their Disci­ples to give them their Estates, to the prejudice of their Kindred whom they leave in poverty, that the tenth part of what we know is su [...]i­cient to verifie the p [...]phecy.

19. Receiving Goods from Robbers on the High-wayes, Extortioners, sacrilegious persons, &c.

See the Commentary, Num. 16.

20. Living Deliciously.

The whole world can witness of the Iesuites, that self-denyall is no part of their practice; none wear [...]iner Linnen, none lye on softer beds. And they that would excuse them for not using woollen about their persons, nor in their beds, tell us, the seams of the finest Lin­nens are troublesome to them. They never rise before day to say Mattens; they know no Vigils, nor Fasts, but what Seculars who live most at ease, do observe. They make excellent cheer, drink the best wines, and are stored with all sorts of the most delicate Liquors: for Furniture and Housholdstuffe they exceed the Grandees of the world, with this advantage, that the Iesuites are at no pains, and as little Cost to get them. And though they fare so well, and admit of no extraordinary Fast, yet have they procured Brieves of Dispensation for Lent, and such other Fasts as their Superiours may impose.

21. Passing this tranfitory life in Society, and at last falling together into Damnation.

The word Society is so proper to the Iesuites, as we observed before, that it serves for an Ar­gument, the prophecy aims at them.

22. Having the World at will.

More may be said of this than my brevity will allow; it shall suffice that they dispose all things before hand to bring more Grist to their Mill, and in all their affairs propose no other end but their advantage and particular interest.

23. But the people will by degrees grow cold towards them, and having by experience found them seducers, cheats and impostors, will hold their hands from further Gifts; then will they run about their houses like famished or mad Dogs, &c. But the people will cry out, &c. Remember you never did good.

I see not the Prophecy altogether fulfilled in this point, yet true it is the world begins to know the Iesuites better than formerly; and there be many that say of them the same things that St. Hildegard doth, having discovered at length that all is not Gold that glisters in them.

24. You were the Fortunate Malignants.

Consider well all the following Epistles, and you shall see that the eloquence of De­mosthenes could not have invented more pro­per or elegant to declare the thoughts lay con­cealed in the hearts of the people: They call them first, The fortunate Malignants, who un­der colour of sanctity pretend great trouble and care for the credit and reputation of other orders of Religion, as if they came with that heat and fervency that is necessary to repair that vigour and strength they have lost by age. Their envy appears in telling their friends tales to the disadvantage of other Orders, pub­lishing the Crimes of some Fryers, and feign­ing stories of their condemnation, which they deliver in a compassionate Accent, full of ten­derness and sympathy, casting words by the by of the dangers they are in, for no other end but to perswade the hearers into fear for them, and a solicitous care for their safety, though in truth they do it only out of envy against other orders, whose Grandeur is their trouble, whose growth and increase, they esteem their wane and decay.

25. Pretending poverty, but very rich.

This is the character St. Bernard gives of such Fryars, who being Votaries of poverty la­bour for riches, and to live in plenty of all things: Examine whether this agrees not with the Iesuites, who call themselves poor, and would be thought so, but in the mean time receive more yearly than all other Orders of Religion together.

26. And under colour of simplicity, of great power.

They do what they please, while they pre­tend to the innocence of Doves, and compass all their designs by holding their peace, and catch the bird while others make a noise in beating the bush.

27. Devout Flatterers.

To say, such a one is of our Congregation is sufficient with them to make him pass for a Saint.

28. Hypocritical Saints, Proud Beggers.

Experience in these particulars surpasses expression.

29. Offering Petitioners.

'Tis their custom to begge and petition for favours from others by offering them theirs, their intercession, their cares, their good offi­ces; and to give them their due, there's none better able to perform what they offer their Devotes, for they accommodate all sorts of people; they finde Clients for Lawyers, Ser­vants for Masters, Scholars for Professors, Tu­tors for Children, Brides for Young men, and Bridegrooms for Ladies, Offices and employ­ment for other persons, in Cities and Fami­lies of Princes; though now they are very cau­tious what Domestiques they commend to Lords and Ladyes, because they have been formerly unlucky in some, who chose rather to be faithfull to their Masters than Spyes for the Society, who placed them there on no other design but to know by them all that passed in the Family.

30. Wavering and unstable Teachers.

Their Books shew how little solidity there is in their doctrine, and on how weak foun­dations and false grounds they rely for ad­vancing conceits and new-fangled opinions opposite to those of the Fathers and Ancien [...] [Page 27] Doctors, received and approved by the Church, whom they would abase to exalt themselves in their place, and so become the Rabbines of Chri [...]tendome.

31. Delicate Martyrs.

The state of Religion is a kind of Martyr­dome, but that of the Iesuites so full of deli­cacies and pleasures, that it may be thought a Regal condition. They have no woollen to their skin, no abstinence, no Fasts, no Vigils, no Cloyster, no other thing to afflict the body, but are like those delicate Souldiers St. Ierom speaks of, fitter to spin with Penelope, and live in dallyance with Paris, than fight with Hector, or watch with Vlysses.

32. Hired Confessors.

Reflect well on this Epithet, and you shall [...]erceive what profit they have made, and still [...]o make every day by Confessions. Have you [...]ver known a person who confesses to them, [...]ho left them not at his death his whole [...]state, or at least a Legacy very considerable? [...]esides what they hook in by a thousand Arti­ [...]es in the life-time.

33. Proudly humble.

Humble in appearance, but really proud, abasing themselves outwardly, while their thoughts are employed to exalt themselves above all the world.

34. Piously hard-hearted in the necessities of others.

This we see in their dealings with the Chil­dren and Kindred of some persons who have left their Estates in their hands, in confidence of a compassionate and pious regard from them to the necessities of the Orphans, but they have deceived the hopes of the Parents, and miserably frustrated the expectations of the Children.

The poor receive almes from the Superiours of other Orders so often that they are ashamed to begg of them; but who ever saw the Ie­suites give away a penny they could make use of? In short, they are better Preachers than practisers of that Precept in the Gospel, Give Almes, for they get every day more and more wealth, retain tenaciously what they have got­ten, and hardly part with other mens Estates in their hands, on what Accompt soever they are possessed of them, but though they see the [Page 29] owner perish for want, they'l not spare him a farthing: The world is full of instances of this kind.

35. Sugred Slanderers.

With what sweetness do they express al the evil they please of other men? and to shew their compassion for the misfortunes of other Orders, they will recount the fall of some Fryar, and covering their malignity with some specious pretence will write things to the dis­paragement of Religion and its professors, or any other persons who are not in their books. Ribadeneira their founders Companion, in the book he writ of Tribulation, produces the Ex­ample of Savanarola, only that he might say he was a Dominican, to cast odium on the Or­der by the miscarriages of a particular person.

36. Peaceable Persecutors.

They persecute so gently, that they seem not to touch men, and in the mean time make so cruel a warre against those they love not, that no secret poyson kills more infallibly. It is their Maxime, Never to forgive, but to dissemble a while to gain opportunity of a severer re­venge.

37. Lovers of the World.

The truth of this Prophecy is demonstrated by the Iesuites care to root themselves in the world, to settle themselves in the Palaces of Kings and Princes, Ecclesiastical and Secular, exalting themselves by degrees of favour, till they render themselves Masters of all, and how hardly they are gotten out of a Palace where they have once put their foot in, though but a moment. We see the same in their buildings, their Churches, and the Artifices they use to draw into their houses the most considerable persons of the places they live in, their Balconies, their Galleries, their half-Paces, their Foot­clothes, their Canopi [...]s, their Foot-stools, and other things never used by other Orders who studied more to undeceive then to deceive the world: consider further, how they have under­taken the instruction of youth, how they prefer in their Classes the Sons of Gentlemen and rich Tradesmen, [...]carrying them in triumph to be Emperours and Captains of their Schools, though not perfect in the Alphabet, not regard­ing the poor who are excellent Schollars, and deserve the honour bestowed on the illiterate. Their principal intention is not the instruction of youth, but to gain by any means the amity of the rich, and favour of the powerful, to exalt [Page 31] themselves, and become Masters of the World, which they intirely love, and at the same time most slavishly serve.

38. Sellers of Indulgences.

The P [...]phecy speaks not of the favours and indulgences of the Popes, which their Order hath not as the Mendicants, but is to be under­stood of their facility in granting large permis­sions to sinners by their loose opinions, whereof their books are fu [...]l; which never fail to sell well, as being a Mine of convenienceies for wic­ked men, and a magazine of means to accom­modate sinners; some to keep in their posses­sion the Estates of other men, other to break the fasts, and [...]light the abstinences, and other laws of the Church, and others for matters of greater infamy.

39. Disposing all things for your convenience.

The whole world may learn of them the course they are to take for profit and conveni­ence; they think of all things, foresee all things, provide and dispose all things at a thou­sand leagues distance, that nothing may scape them; and though this appear impossible, 'tis said of them, that they reason of things impos­sible to render them possible. This may be well [Page 32] understood in another manner, for whereas the devout Founders of Religious Orders, imployed all their care to root out thence all sensual de­lights and pleasures of life, as the principal ene­mies of a Religious Estate, and of the Cross of Christ, the Iesuites seem to bend all their thoughts for good accommodations, good Lin­nen, good Stuffs, good Beds, good Chambers, good Horses, and good Provisions for their Voy­ages, good Victuals, besides extraordinaries which they want not; the best Fruits, the whitest Bread, and the best baked, and old Wine; of all which they have in their Constitu­tions, a Law which they observe punctually, and peradventure more then the Law of God, so that you may strictly call them with St. Hil­degard, Ordinatores Commodi, a name most pro­per for them, for they have reduced carnal worldly enjoyments under rules, and recalled them into Monasteries, whence the Saints had carefully banished them.

40. Admirers of Luxury,

Which denotes their inclinations to sensuali­ty, and the pleasures of the palate, and other ir­regular passions.

41. Ambitious of Honour.

We may fill a volumn on this Articles; for they [Page 33] pretend to a Supremacy in Knowledge, in Ver­tue, in Sanctity, &c. In the time of Gregory the 13th. they attempted to take from the Order of St. Dominique, the Mastership of the sacred Pa­lace, and were so importunate with that Pope, that they engaged him to propose it in Consi­story, and had obtained their desires, had not the Cardinals represented the great services done the Church by the Dominicans.

Ribadeneira the Iesuite, in the last Book he writ, giving an account of the Customes of his Order, saith, that though they have neither Quires, nor Fasts, nor Discipline, nor Pe­nance, &c. yet they deserve higher esteem than all other Orders, whereupon he tells us admi­rable stories: For instance, when he gives the reason why the Iesuites assist not at Proc [...]ssion, he saith, It is because they ought to have a [...] H [...]n [...]urable Rank than any other Order and out of humility absent themselves. To back this strong reason, he invents a Fable, which I understand not how other Orders can endure, That it was declared in the Council of Trent, That the Ge­neral of the Iesuites ought to have a place more Ho­nourable then the Generalls of other Orders: [...] impudent lye they publish not to the world, but disperse in private among their Confidents the Book that contains it, till the lye gather force, and then the Book shall be publick; in the mean time 'tis every day printed, and will in time [Page 34] work out the effect they proposed to them­selves. Such are their Artifices to fill the world with falsities for their credit and advantage.

42. Purchasers of Huses.

They that are acquainted with the misteries of their Trade, know that where houses are Let at dear rates, the I [...]suites have the best part of them, especially at Court. In matters of mer­chandize and traffick, there is no trader so dex­terous as they; the Geno [...]se are dunces when com­pared to them in matters of Exchanges, where­in their gains are excessive, for their consciences are large, and their Trade universal, in small as well as great Commodities, in Puppets, and Babies, and other Trinkets and Baubles for Chil­dren to play with, and every thing else that brings in profit, be it never so vile, never so con­temptible; nor is their trade limited to parti­cular places, but is driven in all parts of the world, by Land and by Sea, by Corresponds, and Factories.

43. Sowers of Discord.

There is not a City or kingdom where they are established, wherein they have not caused dangerous Commotions, so considerable in some parts, that they have troubled the Church; [Page 35] as at Venice, at Paris and in other places: the worst is, the Divisions they have sown, have ta­ken such root that 'tis probable they will con­tinue to the end of the world.

44. Building still higher, but not able to attack a height equall to your desires.

Were this understood of the buildings of the I [...]suites it were literally true their edific [...]s being always the highest, and a league before you come to a Town, the first thing in view, are the towers of their Chappels, the galleries on their Houses, and the walls of their Churches, but yet they arrive not at the height they pretend to, for God resisteth the proud, and gives not Grace but to the lowly.

45. But now you are fallen as Simon Magus, &c.

Here ends the Prophecy of St. Hildegard, which shews the fall and destruction of the Order the speak of, which we judge to be the society of the Iesuites by all these marks, which by this comment appear so proper to them.

These are the words of that Pious Bishop. There is none but will acknowledge, that if we would search further into the interessed and ambitious conduc [...] of this Society since his time, [Page 36] in excusing the grossest sins; seizing other mens goods, turning away the people from their true Pastors, oppressing honest men, and for destru­ction of Bishops, we might give you a more am­ple explication of the Prophecy, it being easie to prove, that this Society is estranged from God proportionably to its prodigious growth, and the grandeur whereof they are so jealous, hath served only to verifie that remarkable expres­sion of the Royal Prophet; The presumption of them that hate thee, increaseth ever more and more.

The Conclusion of the Divine Professors at Pa­ris in their ordinary Convocation, held Decemb. 1. 1554.

THe first day of December, Anno Dom. 1554. The sacred faculty of Theology at Paris, having heard the Mass of the Holy Ghost so­lemnly sung in the Chappel of the Colledge of Sorbon, was then the fourth time assembled by oath, to determine of two Bulls, said to have been granted by two Popes, Paul 3. and Iulius the 3. unto those who affect the name of the Society of Iesus, which Bulls, the Parliament of Paris by their Usher sent on purpose, commit­ted to the view and examination of the said fa­culty, [Page 37] the tenour whereof followeth:

And first of the Bull of Paul 3.

Then of the Bull of Iul. 3.

But before this Faculty would begin to treat of a matter of so great weight, all, and singular the Masters thereof made open & publick profession that they would not think, much less, decree or attempt any thing against the Authority and Power of the Pope; but as they and every of them, as obedient Children have always ac­knowledged and confessed, so they now do sincerely, faithfully and willingly acknow­ledge and confess the Bishop of Rome Soveraign Vicar of Jesus Christ, and Universal Pastor of the Church, to whom Christ gave the fulness of Power, whom all persons of either Sex are bound to obey, to reverence his Decrees, and every one in his place ought to defend and ob­serve: But forasmuch as all men, especially Di­vines ought to be ready to give satisfaction to every one that demands it in matters relating to the Faith, manners and edifying of the Church, the said faculty held themselves obliged to sa­tisfie the demand, command and request of the said Court.

Therefore, all the Articles of both Bulls ha­ving been often read, repeated and understood, and according to the greatness of the subject, many months, days and hours, solemnly and most diligently discussed and examined, the said [Page 38] faculty, with unanimous consent, but deepest re­verence and humility leaving the whole matter to the correction of the Apostolick See, then at length past this judgement.

This new Society claiming peculiarly to it self an unusuall appellation of the Name of Iesus, so li­centiously and promiscuously admitting any persons th [...]ugh wicked, lawless and infamous, differing no­thing from secular persons in outward habit, in cen­sure, in saying privately, or singing publickly in the Church the Canonical h [...]ures, in Cloysters and Si­lence, in choyce of meats and of dayes, in Fasts and other various Lawes and Ceremonies, whereby the States of Religion are distinguished and preserved; having so many and various privileges, indulgences, and liberties granted it, especially in the administra­tion of the Sacrament, of Penance and the Eucha­rist, and that without difference of places or persons, and also in the office of preaching, reading and teaching, in prejudice of the Ordinaries and Hierar­chical Order, and in prejudice of other▪ Orders of Re­ligion, yea of Princes and Temporal Lords against the privileges of Vniversities; Lastly, to the great gri [...]vance of the People, seems to violate the honour of Monastick Religion, enervates the studious, pious, and most necessary exercise of vertues, abstinences, ceremonies and austerities, and gives occasion to Apostatize freely from other Religious Orders, with­draws the obedience and subjection due to the Ordi­naries, [Page 39] unjustly deprives Lords Spiritual and Tem­poral of their Rights, induceth disturbance in Civil and Ecclesiastical Policy, many quarrels among the people, many suits, differences, contentious aemula­tions, and various schismes; All these things therefore, and others, having been diligently examined, and throughly weighed, This So­ciety seems in the matter of Faith dangerous and to tend to the distu [...]bance of the Peace of the Church, to the subversion of Monastick Religion, and more for destruction then for aedification.

Remonstrances of the Court of Parli [...]m [...]nt of Paris to King Henry the 4th, upon the Re­establishment of the Iesuites, made by the Prime President M. de H [...]rlay, in 1604.


YOur Court of Parliament having deliberately considered of your Letters-Patents for Re-esta­blishing within some places of their jurisdiction the Priests and Schollars of the Colledge of Clermont, assuming the Name of Iesuites, hath ordained that humble remonstrance be made to your Majesty, and charged me to represent some particulars, importing▪ in our judg [...]m [...]nt the good of your affairs, and the publick safety (which depends on the preservation of your person) as the consid [...]rations which have stayed, us from proceeding to the verification; and bef [...]re I [Page 40] descend to the particular points, I am to render your Majesty their humblest thanks for the Honour you have been pleased to do them, in that you have vouch­safed these Remonstrances should be made by word of mou [...]h, whereby your indulgence and goodness to us appears so much the more worthy of praise, as it differs from the austerity of the first Emperours of Rome, who gave not their subjects access to their persons, but ordered all demands and petitions to be present­ed writing.

The establishment of those of this Order, who call themselves Iesuites, in this Kingdome, hath been judged so pernicious to this Estate, that all the Orders Ecclesiastical opposed their reception; and the S [...]bon declared that this Society was introduced for destruction, not for edification; and afterwards in the assembly of the Clergy in Septemb. 1561. where the Arch-bishops and Bishops were present, and the Cardinal of Tour­non President, this Society was approved of, but with so many clauses and restrictions, that had they been pressed to observe them, 'tis pro­bable they had soon changed their abode.

They were received but upon Provisa, and by arrest of the year 1564. were prohibited to take the name of Iesuites, or Society of Iesus; not­withstanding this, they have not forborn to take that illegal Name, and exempt themselves from all powers Ecclesiastical and Secular: To re­establish [Page 41] them would increase their authority, and render their condition better then ever. This judgement was so much more worthy of your Court of Parliament, in that all your peo­ple and Religious Orders held it necessary to re­tain them with caution, to put a stop to the li­centiousness of their actions then too great, which they foresaw would increase to the pre­judice of the publick, and produce greater mis­chiefs then could then be discovered.

And as they vow universal obedience to the Pope, so the propositions in their doctrine are uniform, that they acknowledge no Superiour but the Pope, to whom they swear fealty and obedience in all things, and hold it an undoubt­ed maxime, That he hath power to Excommuni­cate Kings, and that a King excommunicate is but a Tyrant, that his people may Rise against him, that all the inhabitants of his Realm, who are in any the meanest Ecclesiastical Orders, what crime soever they commit cannot be judged traytors, for that they are not his subjects, nor under his jurisdiction; so that all Ecclesiasticks are exempt from the secular power, and without fear of punishment may lay bloody hands on sacred persons. This they write, and impugne the opinion of those who hold the contrary propositions.

Two Spanish Doctors of Law, having written that Clerks were subject to the Power of Kings and Princes, one of the prime men of the So­ciety [Page 42] writ against them, alledging, that as the Levites under the Old Testament were exempt from all secular powers, so are Clerks by the New.

Your Majesty will not approve of these Maxims, they are too false and erroneous: Therefore they that hold them and will abide in your Realm, must publiquely abjure them in their Colledges; if they do it not, will you permit them to stay? they will subvert the foundations of your Power and Authority-Royall: if they do it, will you believe that by shifting places, they can lay down and take up again a Doctrine which is part of their Religion, good for Rome, and good for Spain, but quite contrary for France, which rejecteth that the others receive? if they say they can do it by secret dispensation, what assurance can you have of men nourished in a profes­sion which by change and diversity of place becomes good and bad?

This Doctrine is common to them all, where­ever they are, and make such progress in your Kingdom, that it will at last slip into the most reserved Societies.

At their establishment they had no greater adversary than the Sorbonne, which at present favours them, by reason of that multitude of young Divines, who have studyed in their Col­ledges. Other Schollers will do the like; and [Page 43] will in time be advanced, and may be admit­ted into the chief Offices in your Parliaments, holding the same Doctrine, withdrawing themselves from your obedience, permitting the loss of all the Rights of your Crown, and Liberties of the Church of France, and judging Treason commited by a Church-man not punishable by your Lawes.

We have been so unhappy as to have seen in our dayes the effects of their instructions upon your sacred person; Barriere (I tremble Sir when I pronounce that word) was in­structed by Varade the Iesuite, and confessedly had taken the Sacrament, upon the Oath he had administred him for murthering you. Ha­ving failed in his enterprize, others raised the courage of that little Serpent, who performed in part what was conspired.

Gingnard the Iesuite wrote books to justifie the Parricide of the late King, and confirm the Proposition condemned in the Councel of Constance.

Why should not we fear when we think upon these mischievous Acts of disloyalty, that they may be too easily renewed? If we must pass our dayes in continual fear to see your life in danger, what repose can we find in our own?

Were it not impious to foresee the danger and mischief, yet draw it so neer you? were [Page 44] not this to plunge our selves into the depth of misery, and not to desire to survive the ruine of the State which as we told you already is at no greater distance than of the length of your life.

Thanks be to God, Sir, for the mutual Amity between you and the Pope; God pre­serve you long in your Throne, and him in his Charge. But if age or infirmity shorten his dayes, and his Successor ill affected to your Crown, should insheath against you his spiri­tual Sword, as his Predecessors have done against other Kings of France and N [...]varre, what regret would it be to your Subjects to see in the midst of us so many enemies of your Estate, and Conspirators against your Majesty, as against that of the late King of blessed me­mory? how dreadfull would it be to behold them in the bowels of the Realm, who have been the Authors and principal Ministers of the Rebellion in his Reign, and not guiltless of his murder?

They say, they ought to be no more charged with past faults than other Orders and Com­panies which have failed no less than they. But it may be said to their prejudice, that though fault may be found in other Orders and Societies, yet it hath not been universal. The companies were divided, and all the members did not withdraw themselves from [Page 45] the obedience due to your Majesty, but those of their Society have continued united and close-linked in their rebellions, insomuch that not only not one of them stood on your part, but were all most partial for the ancient ene­mies of your Crown, used the advantage of being in your Countrey to act more malici­ously against your interest: Otho one of their Society being chosen for chief by the 16 Con­spirators.

And if I may be allowed to interweave among our own a passage taken from foraign affairs, it shall be that lamentable one in the History of Portugal. When the King of Spain attempted the usurpation of that Kingdom, all the Orders of Religion stood firm in the obedience due to their King, the Iesuites only deserted him to advance the Dominion of Spain, and caused the death of two thousand Fryers, and other Ecclesiastiques, for which they had a Bull of absolution.

Their Doctrine and Deportment in time past caused that when De Chastel rose against you, there followed an Arrest as well against him as against those of their Society condem­ned by your mouth. An Arrest which we have consecrated to the memory of the happiest miracle of our time; judging from thence, that if they continued to bring up Youth in that mischievous Doctrine, and Damnable in­struction, [Page 46] your life could not be in safety, which made us pass over those formalities which oblige us to judge of Causes in our Conusance by regular instances, which we postposed to the safety of the publick, by sentencing them who being peculiarly subject to the Jurisdicti­on of your other Courts, might in ordinary cases have claimed exemption from ours, But

We had not any malice, envy or ill will against them in general or particular; if we had, God had punished us for being their Judges, though the atrocity of the Crime, and the affection we had for your Majesties pre­servation for the future, invited us to give this Arrest, though executed within the Jurisdiction of the Parliament of Roven and Dijon, by your commandement, and met with no resistance from any but them, who were not well setled in their obedience to your Majesty, and could not but with difficulty part with their ill will and disaffection to your Government.

They complain by their writings that the whole Society ought not to be charged with the faults of three or four: But their enormi­ties are such, that had they been reduced to the condition of those, called the Humble Fryers, they had not had just occasion to complain: one Fryar of that Order had plotted only the Assassinate of Cardinal Borrom [...]o about thirty years since, and the whole Order was suppressed, [Page 47] and for ever abolished by Pope Pius the fifth, pursuant to a resolution of the Colledge of Car­dinals, notwithstanding all the instance of the King of Spain to the contrary: our judgement is not so severe, if they say there is no compa­rison between their Order, and that of the Hum­bled Fryars theirs being far greater, we shall tell them that there is less comparison between a Cardinal and the greatest King of the world, exalted far higher above a Cardinal then their Order above the meanest that may be: That the Humbled Fryars were in less fault then they, for one only of them was author of the Assassinate of the Cardinal, but they all are guilty of your par­ricide by means of their instruction.

We do therefore most humbly beseech you, that as you approved of the arrest so justly given, and then necessary to deter so many traytors from conspiring against you, so it may please you to maintain it, and cast your eye back on the danger we then were in to see the life of our Common Father taken away, which is dearer to us than our own, and we could not but expect the shameful reproach of disloyalty and ingra­titude; did we not keep in perpetual memory the danger you were in, since 'tis you have re­stored us our lives, our peace, and our estates. T [...]e remembrance of the past ought to serve us for precaution to take such Order that we be not for want of foresight buried in the abyss of [Page 48] a second ship-wrack. I cannot omit a particu­lar petition on the behalf of the university that you would have pity and compassion for it, which cannot but dread the consequences that may ensue upon the admission of so pernicious an Order as those we have spoken of.

These are in short our humble Remonstrances and Reasons that have stayed us from causing your letters to be published, fearing least we might be justly reproached to have proceeded with too much facility to the verification.

Extracts out of the Book intituled, An Image of the first age of the Society of the Je­suites; wherein is seen that spirit of pride and self-esteem that reigns in this Society, even to extravagance.

THere need not any great researches to evi­dence that the Iesuites practise those max­imes of pride they teach other men. That one book they composed to give the world an image and representation of their Society, is sufficient to demonstrate that ambition, vanity and pre­sumption, inspire men, with nothing which these fathers believe not allowable, and that the desire of Honour and Glory they take for the object of their conduct in all things, hath transported them even to the utmost extrava­gances.

The Society is the fiery chariot of Israel, a troop of burning and shining Angels.

The Society, say they, is that fiery chariot of Israel, which sometimes made Elisha weep over that in which he ascended, and that now by the particular favour of God, this and the other world rejoyce to see it brought back in the necessities of the Church; wherein if you inquire for Armies and Soldiers which every day multiply by new victories their triumphs of the militant Church, you will find them in this society, being a choyce Troop of Angels, who in Animal forms execute in this warfare the desires of their Soveraign head, Lib. 3. Orat. 1. Pag. 401.

As the Angels illustrated with the brightness of the Divinity shine as streams of light and perfection; so the Companions of Iesus imitating the purity of Angels are closely united to their Origin, that is, to God, from whom they derive those quick and ardent motions, those clear and bright rayes of vertue, loos­ing all impurity of pleasures in that furnace of So­veraign and most chaste love that consumes them, and attaining such degrees of clarity and perfecti­on, that they have sufficient, not only to trim their own lamps, but to communicate to others a light mingled with heat, being no less illustrious by the splendour of their vertues than divinely inflamed by the ardour of charity, ibid.

They are all eminent in learning and wisdome, 'tis the Society of the Perfect.

They are Angels like St. Michael in their com­bates against hereticks, like Gabriel in the conversion of infidels, like Raphael in the consolation of Souls, and conversion of sinners by their Sermons and Confessions▪ they all express as much promptitude and fervency to confess and catechize the poor and the ignorant as to govern the consciences of great Men and of Princes, and are all no less famous for their learning and wisdom, than those who direct and govern those Princes; So that we may say of the Society, what Seneca said in his 33. Ep. that there is inequality when eminent things are rare and re­markable, but that a tree is not admired where all others of the forrest are of equall height. And here cast your eyes which way you please you shall not dis­cern any thing which would not be eminent above o­thers, were it not placed among such as are of equal height, Lib. 3. Orat. 1. Pag. 402.

We cannot doubt now, but it was in their favour, as themselves assure us, that the Abbot Ioachim prophesied, That at the end of the world there should be a Religious Order composed of Per­fect men, who should imitate the life of Christ and his Apostles. These good Fathers are doubtless the same, for they are almost all perfect, and all so eminent in the Art of governing consci­ences, [Page 51] as they call it, that what is rare else­where is so common amongst them, that excel­lence looses its lustre, because it is common, and that miracles are not admired, because ordina­ry with them.

Sure Avila and St. Francis de Sales nere thought of this Society, when they said, that we may be to seek a good Director of conscience among a thousand, since there is so great a num­ber in this Order, that even those who confess the people are as learned, and as wise as those that confess Princes, that whereas else where we may be to seek one good Director among ten thousand, we shall hardly find one bad a­mong ten thousand of these Fathers, being all good and excellent, and numerous beyond ima­gination, and all as able as the Confessors of the great men of the world. O multitude of Sages! which is the health of the Universe? they are all as ready and servent to confess a poor man, or instruct an insant, as to govern the consci­ences of Princes. O multitude of Saints! O dis­interessed charity! O seraphick zeal, the Glory of Christianity!

They are all Lions, Eagles, Heroes, choyce men, thunderbolts of war, born with helmets on their heads, every one worth an Army.

Admire you the courage of undertaking in one of [Page 52] these Fathers? They are all masculine persons, or rather generous, Lions, not dismayed at any danger, slighting with constancy all misadventures: Pale­ness and fear prevail not upon them; you shall see these Heroes receive with undaunted force of spirit, for the cause of God and Religion, all the tempests and storms of heaven, in the midst of fire, thunders and lightnings. After the example of the Apostles, whose lives and travels they strive to imitate and represent; they share among themselves the whole earth, and distribute the spoils and victories be­tween them.

The spirit of the Lord animates these new Sam­sons— They are of the Spirits of Eagles, seizing with a marvellous swif [...]ness, like those birds on the prey at greatest distance, Lib. 3. Orat. 2. Pag. 402. & seq.

All they of the Society are born, as 'tis said of some children, with Helmets on their heads, because they are to be exposed to the point of the sword, to the buffets of Fortune, and all the injuries of their enemies. Prol. Heros. Societ. Immortal God! what choyce men, what thunderbolts of war, what a flower of Chivalry, what pillars, what tu [...]ilar Angels and protectors of the Church are they? I dare affirm every one of them capable of the great­est matters, and worth an Army; for maugre the rage of the Enemy, by the favour of heaven, and with the applause of all the world, one of this So­ciety carries the victory against so many Enemies, [Page 53] that you would swear, a compleat Army not capa­ble easily to overcome. Iudge from hence [...] at the Society joyning their Forces in an intire body can do. This Society, (shall I say of men or Angels) what ruines, what massacres, of errours and vices will it not procure? what succours will it not afford the Church when attacked? But why say I, shall af­ford? We may rather say, what hath she not af­forded? As we may believe foretold by the Oracle of the Royal Prophet, Psal. 67. since the Hebrew in­terpreters, Arias montanus Pagninus, and Gene­brard, instead of Your living creatures render it your Society, your Congregation, your Elect, your Troop shall inhabit the La [...]d; and the Chaldee Paraphrase bath exprest it, You have pre­pared an army of your Angelical troops, To do good to the poor of God. I take this passage as if the Prophet inspired by God had had a near view of the Society of Iesus in his visions, Pag. 410.

These Fathers are so prophetical, that they are not content to speak magnificently of their Society by studied discourses in prose and verse, but in imitation of the Prophets of the Old Te­stament they express themselves by actions and representations that are obvious to the sight, and dazle our eyes. This was seen in the City of Goa, when to celebrate their Secular year, they caused a triumphant Chariot to be drawn, wherein the Society was represented with all the pomp and splendour they could devise: 'Tis [Page 54] true, this Chariot was not lift up in the air as that [...] Elias, but in recompence of that defect it was view'd and admired by a great number of persons, and trilled through the town with the acclamations of the beholders.

They went not to heaven to seek Angels to guide it, that had been too troublesome, they chose them among their Schollars, who became Angels by changing their habits: these young Angels provided of white robes and wings of all colours were imployed to draw some of these good Fathers in the chariot for a spe­ctacle to the whole City.

This triumph was accompanied with deli­cate musick, which ceased not till silenced by a more masculine, composed of the sounds of Drums and Trumpets, which sounded an Ala­rum and Charge when they came to any nar­row lane; for there they must engage the De­vils, who placed there of purpose pretended to stop the chariot, and hinder the triumphant So­ciety to finish their carreire: But as the Society is ever victorious, so these combats ended al­wayes to their advantage; and the Devils be­ing chosen, as well as the Angels, out of their Schollars, were of intelligence with them, not to make long or eager resistance.

While they thought nothing, but the pleasure of their divertisement, an accident which all their prophetick prudence could not foresee, [Page 55] marred all their mirth, and was an ill omen to their proceedings: One of the wheels of the Chariot fastned in a hole whence all the vertue of these Elias's who were in it, and the strength of the Angels that drew it could not get it out, though the poor Angels strained hard to sair it, but in vain; then, as their custome is in extre­miti [...]s, to make use of any thing to serve their turn, they were necessitated to invoke the aid of of their Devils to pull out their Chariot, which they did, but not without the laughter of the spectators, and scandal to many who begun to say publickly, That the devils had at least as great a share in the triumph of the Iesuites as the An­gels.

He that is really vertuous, however things happen, continues so still: But when one is not in reality an Elias or a Saint, but goes to hea­ven only by emblem, and in a machine all is in disorder when the machine fails: This may be confirmed by another accident at the same time, and in the same City.

One of these Fathers praising the Society in his Sermon, compared it to a clock which is un­der Regulation, and regulates all other things; but as he enlarged magnificently upon the sub­ject, the Clock of their house by misfortune struck above a hundred, and by the irregularity caused such disorder in the auditory, that they could not forbear mocking the Preacher and the [Page 56] Society, which they publickly said was as just and regular as their Clock.

The Society is a great miracle like the world, and therefore needs not do miracles.

The principal and greatest miracle of the Society, is, the Society it self; There is not in the world a m [...]racle greater than the world: The same may be said of the Society, as being a little world of is self; This great body of the Society moves and turns by the will of one man; to move it is easie, but to trou­ble it difficult: He that sees a multitude of men flourishing in age, excellent in parts, and eminent for their vigour and vivacity of spirit, conducted and governed so long in the Cariere of Vertue, and learn­ing for the service and advantages of others without any interruption in their course, and upon exami­nation d [...]h not judge it the principal and greatest miracle, let him not expect another from the So­ciety. 'Tis my opinion, that as in the world there is no greater or other miracle than the world it self, so there cannot be found in the Society a greater miracle than the Society.

Think it not strange then if the Iesuites do not any particular miracles as other Orders of Religion in the first age of their institution have done, and expect not the same from Ignatius their Foun­der, who did no miracle at the foundation of the Order, as Ribadeneiro in the first edition of his life [Page 57] assures, whereas other Founders have done so many, since the Society is a publick and perpetual miracle, as the Creation and preservation of the world.

I know it may be said nevertheless, that the Foundation, Propagation, and subsistance of the Church over all the Earth in the time of Pa­ganisme was much more miraculous in the first ages, than the foundation and extent of the So­ciety of Iesuites among Christians, and that the Church did millions of miracles by the Saints and Bishops who succeeded the Apostles, which by consequence were so much more desirable in the Society of Iesuites, as it is an Apostolical Or­der, (if they interpret of it the Prophecy of Abbot Ioachim) destin'd for conversion of Hereticks, insidels, and ill Christians, to which miracles would be very subservient: But we must believe that though no miracles are to be found a­mongst them, as they say here, were not to e­steem them less Apostolical or less Holy, for these sixty or eighty years last past since the death of their first Fathers, because their So­ciety is a miracle of miracles, and that though the Orders of St. Benedict, St. Dominick, and St. Francis did so many miracles in the first age of their institution, it proceeded not from their sanctity alone, as if it were greater than that of the Iesuites, who are (as they say) A Society of Angels, of new Apostles, new Samsons, full of the Spirit of the Lord, and the most perfect of all Or­ders; [Page 58] but because God would supply the de­fects of those Societies in general by the parti­cular miracles of their individuals, whereas the default of particular Iesuites who work not mi­racles is recompenced & made up by the general miracle of the Society it self, and the imperfe­ction of all the members in particular by the universal perfection of the whole body.

That the Society is the Oracle on the breast of the High Priest who decides infallibly there­by.

When I consider the square form of the Oracle, I discover the Society figured thereby as spread into the four parts of the world: And when I behold the three rowes of four precious stones to a row, whereof it consisted; (These good Fathers are de­ceived, for according to the Text they ought to have said four rowes of three precious stones to each row) it represents to me the divers works of several of this Society which transoend Nature, but are confirmed by the Doctrine of Truth: When I call to mind that this Ornament was carried on the breast of the High Priest of the Iews, methinks I behold this little So­ciety wrought in as it were on the breast of a more holy Pontife: The Church will now be offended with these expressions, because she loves the Society, not only more than she ought, but more than indeed the Society deserves. N [...] will other Orders of Re­ligion [Page 59] wonder as it, since this binders not but that they continue as always in the Church, what the Table, the Manna, and the Rod, those three Ora­cles of the Ancient Religion, and instruments of so many prodigious miracles were in the Ark of the Covenant, Lib. 5. c. 5. p. 622.

This sublime Elegy of this admirable Society obliges us to render it extraordinary honours, for can men say more, than that it is the Oracle of the Doctrine of Truth, which the High Priest of Jesus Christ carries on his breast, and on his heart, as the Scripture saith in Exodus? It was called The Oracle of judgment, because as Vatablus and other Interpreters say, The High Priest ne­ver gave judgment in matters of importance, but he had this Ornament on his stomack; and as others say, Because it contained the Iudgement and De­cree of God, that the High Priest should be odorned with a soveraign doctrine, and most perfect accom­plished purity of manners. So it may be believed with reason, that the Society of Iesuites so strait­ly united to the Pope, is the Oracle of his judge­ment, being as eminent in Knowledge as San­ctity; Nor may men admire any more that they maintain the Pope infallible, provided he first consult the Divines and Scholastical Do­ctors, among whom they esteem themselves with good right to hold the first rank, as master [...] of the world, the most knowing of mortals, the teach­ers of all Nations, the Apollons, the Alexanders of [Page 60] divinity, and the Prophets come down from hea­ven, who deliver Oracles in oecumenical Councels; and so sharing infallibly with the Pope, on whose heart (they tell us here) their Society rests as the Oracle of Doctrine and Truth, which he ought to consult in affairs of moment, as the High Priest of the Iewes never consulted the Deity, but clothed with this Ornament; so that we are to conclude, that there is just cause to believe the Pope infallible, when he takes advice of this famous Oracle of Truth, or doth any thing in favour of the Iesuites, as in the name of the Company of Iesus granted them by Paul the 3d. at their desire, with many extraordinary and unheard of priviledges, as they themselves testify, when they say, That the Popes having said in their Bulls, That this Society hath been rai­sed by the Providence of God; their judgements in these things are not subject to errour, because it seems God gives his Oracles by him: But the Popes in­fallibility is subject to contest when he censures the Books of three famous Iesuites, Poza, B [...]uny, and Cellot, with such brands of errours and he­resies condemned, that he makes their Books of the number of prohibited ones, so dangerous and pernicious, that they ought not to be read or imprinted; and then when he darts the in­tire thunderbolt of Anathema against the Book of Rabardean the Iesuite, saying, That the Sa­ [...]ed Congregation having maturely examined the [Page 61] propositions contained in his Book, hath judged that there are many rash, scandalous, offensive to devout eares, seditious, impious, intirely destructive to the Papal Power, contrary to the immunities and liber­ties of the Church, approaching very near the here­sies of the Innovators, erronious in the Faith, and manifestly heretical.

For there is cause to believe, that the Pope consults not his Oracle, when he acteth a­gainst it, and attributes to the famous Authors of this August Society, falsities, impieties, and he­resies approaching neer those of the Innovators: And why should not the Disciples of the Iesuites, piously believe, that it were easie for this High Priest on these occasions to have seen false visi­ons, than that these Oracles of Doctrine and Truth should become lyers.

Now me thinks these good Fathers ought to reserve their humility, and modesty for some oc­casion, and not call her the Little Society, when they tell us, their Society is the Oracle of the Soveraign Pontife, and spread through the four parts of the world, Elogies that denote her of the greatest grandeur, excellence and extent of all Societies in the Universe: But it may be, that when they say, This Society fastned on the breast of the Pope, they would qualifie her with the ti­tle of Little, lest men should think she might lye heavy on his stomack, and be a burden to him because of her greatness.

[Page 62]As for what they add, that the Church loves their Society more than she ought, or the So­ciety deserves; 'tis a modesty not to be approv­ed, for that in Truth the Church ought intirely to love those who are not only the Restorers of the Life of Christ and the Apostles among men, A Society of Angels and Heroes, but are besides the Oracle of Doctrine and Truth, which he who represents her Head and her Spouse carries on his breast; the owes them not love only, but respect, Truth being venerable of it self, and the Oracles of Truth deserving a double Re­verence.

As to that they insinuate of purpose to swee­ten the Envy of other Orders against their So­ciety, That other Orders of Religion are in the Church, what the Manna, the Tables, and Aarons Rod were in the Ark of the Covenant; and that they call these three things, the three Oracles of the Ancient Religion, to make the Title they as­sume of the Oracle of Doctrine and Truth more pas­sable and currant; I fear the able persons of o­ther Orders will believe those good Fathers do but jear them, making them believe that these three things were sometimes Oracles, which they never were but continued shut up in the ark without use in the external pa [...] of religious Worship, whereas this Oracle of Judgement, Doctrine and Truth was the most august and necessary Ornament of the High Priest, without [Page 63] which he could not execute any function of Priest and Supream Judicature: It seems by this, that the Iesuites would reduce other Or­ders of Religion, to continue locked up in their Monasteries, as reliques in their Chests, and as the Manna, Tables and Rod were in the Ark, and keep for themselves all the honourable im­ployments of the Church which can have no fa­vourable construction among other Orders; most men, even those who make profession of piety, not loving to be mocked with false titles of ho­nour pretended to be given them by those who assume the true and most illustrious to them­selves: But though the patience and charity of good men of other Orders were sufficient to bear this mockery with simplicity, it would not ex­cuse the malignity of the Iesuites in offering the indignity.

The Example of Bishops who preferred that of the Society to their Character and Titles of Honour.

A Bishop in 1602. Declared publickly, That he gloried more in the title of a brother of our Society, than in that of a Bishop, and esteemed it a greater Ornament than his Cross and his Myter, lib. 3. c. 7. pag. 363.

[Page 64]Not long since a Bishop of the Realm of Na­ples, who in his life-time had more love for his Mitre than for the Society, said at his Death, O holy Society, which I have not sufficiently known untill now, nor deserved to know thee, thou sur­passest the Pastoral Crosier, the Mitres, the Purple of Cardinals, the Scepters, the Empires and Crowns of the world. Lib. 5. c. 10. p. 667.

An excellent Document for our Lords the Bishops, Archbishops and Cardinals, if they love their Churches and Dignities more than the company of Jesuites, that is, if they are more BishopS, Archbishops and Cardinals than Jesuites. When they appear before God▪ Christ will not ask them whether they have loved their sheep, whether they have fed and guided them aright, and laboured, for the good of the Church, but whether they have loved his Companions the Jesuites, upheld the interest, and favoured the enterprizes of this Little Society, of these Little and Beloved Ben­jamins.

A Bishop of France, who knew the Iesuites better than this Prelate of Italy, and was en­dued with a more Episcopal science, told these Fathers, That there was great difference between the Order of Bishops and theirs, for that there is no doubt that the former was of an holy institution, and its Authority necessary [Page 65] for the preservation of the Church, though all were not Saints who were invested with the dignity; but as for the Iesuites, without ex­amining particulars, the whole body was of no value, it being more than probable th [...] the spirit of the world and politick respects had contributed more to their establishment, than the Spirit of Christ; and that the Good Ignatius brought into it, was presently destroy­ed by the interessed Ambition of his Suc­cessors.

Three great Archbishops of Malines, who possessed that dignity immediately one after the other, and dyed reputed Saints, had thoughts very different from those of the Italian Bishop: For the ancientest of the three speaking of the Iesuites, said, These men shall flourish at first, but afterwards become a Curse to all People; his Successor added, These men shall trouble the Church: The last Propheeyed of them in these words, These men shall become as the dung of the Earth.

To conclude, the last Bishop of Cahors late­ly deceased, whose piety was famous through­out the world, declared what value he had for the Iesuites, having desired the Abbot of Ter­rier, Grand Vicar of Alby, present at a fit of sickness which brought this Prelate almost to his end, being about four months before his death to give some advice on this subject [...] to [Page 66] the Bishops his friends, whereof the Abbot acquitted himself, having written to M. de Pannez, in these words, Aug. 22. 1659.

My Lord of Cahors is of opinion that the Ie­suites are a Flayle, and ruine to the Church, so that he believed, that neither your Lordship nor any other Bishop faithfull to God ought to imploy them; and hath charged me to tell you and others who tender the safety and advantage of their Dio­ceses, that you [...]ught not to admit them into your houses, for that gives them credit, and gains them Authority with the people.

The admirable Conformity of the Society of Jesuites with the Church.

IN that proud Pourtraiture on the frontis [...]piece of this book, the Society is represent­ed as a young Virgin with three Angels ove [...] her head, Crowning her with the three Crowns of Virginity, Learning and Martyrdome: On her right side she hath an Angel sounding a Trumpet, and saying, Ignatius hath accomplish­ed 100 years: On the left side another Angel sounding also a Trumpet, and saying, Let him fill the whole world, Totum impleat Orbem.

She hath the name of Iesus on her breast, and saith, Not unto us Lord, not unto us give the Praise; Non nobis, Domine, non nobis: In [Page 67] her right hand she hath a Pen, in her left a flaming Cross, at her right foot Time, and at (I say not under) her left foot a Mitre and a Cardinals Cap.

On the brimms of the Picture are six Em­blems answerable to the six books of this work, whereof the five first representing the Society in General, shew her resemblance with the Church.

The first Embleme, is The Name of Iesus with the Sun and Moon Crescent under it, with this Inscription above, The Society De­rived of Iesus; and below this, She hath all that the Sun hath.

The second Embleme is a Globe of Light with this Inscription above, The Society spread over all the World; and below this, She shines in all the World.

The third Embleme is a Moon in the mid­dle of the Night with this device above, The Society doing good to all the World; and below this, She preserves all things in the midst of night.

The fourth Embleme is a Moon Eclipsed by the interposition of the Earth between it and the Sun with these words above, The Society suffering evil from the World, and below this Eclipsed by the opposition of the Earth.

The fifth Embleme is a Sun, Moon, and shadow of the Earth with these words above, The Society more glorious by persecution, and be­low [Page 68] these, Fairer for the shadow.

These five Emblemes are common to the Church with the Iesuites.

The sixth regards the Province of Flanders in particular, being The Lion in the Zodiack, with these words, And this the Belgick Lion Goes about.

At the basis of one of the Columns is a Palm, to shew she shall flourish as that Tree, and on the other side, a Phenix to shew she shall flourish like it; according to Tertullians interpretation, who renders the Greek Septua­gint, She shall flourish as a Phoenix, But 'tis a mistake from the equivocal term Phoenix, which in Greek signifies a Phoenix and Palm-tree, though the Hebrew word signifies only a Palm, and all other interpreters have rendred it ac­cordingly.

'Tis to be observed, that they cite Vlysses Aldronandus a famous Author, who hath treat­ed of Birds, because he saith there are many Phoenixes, quoting his words to that effect, that their Society may be taken for a Compa­ny of Phoenixes.

At the foot of the Picture are two little An­gels, one holding a Glass with these words▪ Without spot; which may be also said of th [...] Church, being termed to be without spot o [...] wrinkle; the other carrying these words writ­ten, Without Money: The one denoting their [Page 69] Chastity, the other their Poverty.

At the end of the abridgement of this Vo­lumn, they have painted the Image of a little Jesus, framing a Ring on an Anvill, which he gives in Affiance of his marriage to the Society (which he espouses) as a pledge of its eternal duration, with these words, To give the Ring of Aeternity for a Covenant of an ever­ [...]sting Marriage.

In the first book they represent their Order [...]s a new foundation of the Church, St. Peter [...]nd Ignatius were at Rome, St. Paul and Xave­ [...]u [...] among the Nations.

Twelve Apo [...]tles, ten Jesuites, 72 Disciples, [...] Jesuites by the first Bull of Paul 3. lib. 2. [...]p. 2.

As the vertue of the Holy Ghost was shed on the [...]ostles, so was it on St. Ignatius newly recon­ed with God after his conversion, with as great Earthquake, and equal fame, lib. 5. c. 5. P. 5.

It is allowable therefore, if I mistake not, to [...]ibu [...]e without Arrogance to the Society of [...]s that Oracle which the Royal Prophet pub­ [...]d in Sion the Church of Iesus Christ. Very [...]ellent things are spoken of thee, thou City God, the most High hath established thee, made thee immoveable against all adver­s: ibid.

[Page 70]It cannot be doubted but that the Society is ex­actly like the Church, if you consider further t [...] persecutions she endures; and that we may say [...] her, what St. Hillary said of the Church, th [...] it is her property to conquer when m [...]st beset wi [...] Enemies, to clear her innocence best when accus [...] with most malignity, and to conquer when forsak [...] by the World, lib. 5. cap. 1. p. 582.

St. Jerome sayes of the Church, that it [...] cre [...]ses by Persecutions, and is crowned by Ma [...] tyrdome; we may say the same of the Society, a [...] ask with Horace, What part of the World but [...]et with our blood. Lib. 5. c. 4. [...]. 619, 620.

When I consider the great favours and bene [...] done by Kings and Popes to our Society, it appe [...] credible, that the Prophecy of Isaiah, which [...] rejoyce to see accomplished in the Christian Chur [...] belongs in some sense to the Society of Ies [...] Kings shall be your Nursing Fathers, [...] Queens your Nursing Mothers; ye shall [...] the milk of Nations, and the Breasts of Kin [...] the Lord shall be your everlasting light, [...] your God, your Glory; the dayes of my peo [...] shall be as the dayes of a Tree, and the wo [...] of their hands shall continue many Ages. [...]mit me to believe, that in this Prophecy Isaiah not only cast his thoughts on the Church and [...]ple of God, but upon Ignatius and his Fa [...] the brethren of the Society, and their exce [...] works, lib. 5. Ora. 1. p. 686.

[Page 71]Iesus is to the Iesui [...]es what he is to [...]h [...] Church, and fights for them as for Christianity▪ lib. 1. c. 4. p. 70. To prove the tru [...]h of this, they cite these words of St. Jerome on the 70th Psalm, Let us give thanks to Jesus our Chief, for he is our Captain who fighteth for us, and gains us the victory.

I will endeavour to make it appear, that Iesu [...] hath shewed to the World that foundation and pro­pagation [...]f the Society, is like an illustrious mo­nument, to make his Name admirable, and re­m [...]in to perpetuity for the declaration of his Glory.

As Christ said to his disciples, that they should be hated of all men for his Names sake which is the Name of Christians, the whole Earth being then Pagan and Id [...]latrous, so they pretend they are hated and persecuted only for the name of Je­suites they bear, though all Europe be Christian and adores Iesus Christ: And as Iesus Christ is in the Vessel of the Church, they pretend he is also in the Vessel of their Society, being as they call it an Epitome of the Church within the Church: Lib. 4. c. 1.

Our Fathers had recourse to God in tempests, being seized with the like fear as the Apostles when they ran to Christ asleep in the ship: But Ie­sus is so in the Vessel of the Society, that as it was the Mariners safety to have in his B [...]at Caesar and his fortune, so the name of Iesus we bear [Page 72] is our assurance, though it be also the cause of our perils▪ he shall command the winds and the sea, and there shall be a calm: Lib. 4. p. 483.

All these passages cited by these Fathers in their favour, are no solid proof that the Authors of holy Scripture and the Prophets spoke of them, but shew their presumption and self-love in entertaining themselves with the thoughts of their excellencies, whereof they are so full that they see them in every thing: This is the cause they have so little respect for Holy Scripture, that they fear not to make it serve the desires of their heart, and to substi­tute themselves in the place of Iesus Christ and the Church. They have reason to fear, lest by abusing the Word of God with so much in­dignity and insolence, they make themselves of the number of those of whom St. Paul in his 3d chap. of the 2d to Timothy saith, that having a form of godliness they deny the power thereof.

The pre-eminence of Ignatius above Moses, the Apostles, and Founders of Religious Orders.

One of the three Sermons made by the Do­minicans at the Canonization of Ignatius, which the Iesuites have made theirs by transla­ting it out of Spanish into French, by their F. [Page 73] Sollier, and have been censured by the Sorbonn, hath these expressions:

We know that Moses with his Rod in his hand did great Miracles, in the Aire, the Earth, Wa­ter, Rocks, and in all he thought good, to the drowning of Pharaoh and his who'e Army in the Red Sea. But it was the in [...]ffable Name of God, which Learned Tostatus Bishop of Aula sayes was graven in the Rod that wrought the Miracles: I was no great wonder then, that the Creatures seeing the Ordinances of God their Soveraign Lord and King, subscribed with his Name rendred him obedience: Nor is it to be m [...]rvel [...]ed, that the Ap [...]stles did s [...] m [...]ny Miracles, for that they wr [...]ught all in the Name of God, by the vertue and power he had given them, se [...]ling it with the Inscripti [...]n, In my Name they shall cast out Devils, speak with new Tongues, &c. But that Ignatius with his Name in Paper, should work M [...]racles greater than Moses, and equal to the Apostles, that his Seal had so much authori [...]y, that the Crea [...]ures [...]ave it quick and sudden obedience; 'tis this that makes him the subject of our greatest admiration.

Upon which Article, the Sorbonn in their Censure printed in 1611. saith, that this man­ner of speech whereby the name of the Cr [...]a­tures seems equalled to that of Almighty God; and where Miracles are lessened and exte [...] ­ated [Page 74] for having been wrought in the Name of God; lastly, where uncertain Miracles are preferred to those which ought to be held for Articles of Faith, is scandalous, erroneous, blas­phemous and impious.

And in the 91 page of the same Sermon: ‘While Ignatius lived, his life and manners were so grave, so holy, and so elevated even in the opinion of Heaven, that none but Popes as St. Peter, Empresses as the Mother of God, some Soveraign Monarch as God the Father and the Son, had the happiness to enjoy a full Vision of it.’

Whereupon the Sorbon also hath declared, That this Assertion suggesting that God re­ceives benefit by the Vision of a creature, is scandalous, and contains manifest heresie.

In the third and fourth page of the 2d Ser­mon: ‘Doubtless the Founders of other Re­ligious Orders were sent in favour of the Church; But since these last dayes God hath spoken to us by his Son Ignatius whom he hath established heir of all.’

Whereupon the Sorbon hath further decla­red, that the application of the Text of St. Paul, In these last days, literally to any other but Christ, is scandalous, erroneous, and [...]avours of blas­phemy and impiety.

Proud Comparisons of the Fo [...]nders and Generals of the Society with Emperours, Conquerours▪ and Great Princes of the World.

They make an Apostrophe to Mutius Vit [...] ­l [...]schi their General, and say, ‘All Posterity shall know that you have been the first Ge­neral in the end of the first Age, as Rome call­ed their Emperours by the name of Augustus from the end of his time.’ Lib. 1. Dissert. 5. p. 17.

They compare the union of the Jesuites to that of two Roman Emperours, and to that effect tell us of the Emperour Aurelian, where two Emperours are graven with the Sun above them, giving them both equal irradiation, with this Inscription, The agreement of the Cae­sars, comparing the concord of the Jesuites to that of Heathe Princes.

‘When Alexander had tamed the Horse called Bucepbalus, Philip his Father told him, that he must entertain thoughts worthy the Generosity of his heart, and by the power of Arms seek a Kingdom equal to his invincible courage, Macedon being too little for him. When Ignatius had so valiantly subdued the unruly passions of corrupt Nature, we have reason to believe that Christ stirred him up to undertake the greatest matters in the [Page 76] world; using the like expressions, and saying, Rome and Italy are too narrow for thy cou­rage, Europe is not large enough, seek out new Realms, and new Worlds wherein to plant the Trophyes of thy Religion.’ Lib. 1. c. 10. O [...]. 3. p. 118.

The Mission which Christ gave his Apostles to subdue all the Earth was somewhat more effectual, but not expressed in such terms of Pride. But these Fathers are not ashamed to make the Saviour of the World, and great pat­tern of humility, to speak in Language suitable to their Arrogance and Presumption.

They say further, That Ignatius had no need to imitate the Captain of the Hebrews, in com­manding the Sun to stand still, that he might have time to compleat his Victory, for he in the perpetual course of his illustrious and most glorious Victories, hath followed the Sun from East to West almost throughout the World; And having conquered himself, he had cause to hope to conquer the Universe.

What could be said more of Christ? who saith in the Gospel, that he hath overcome the world; of whom the Church sings, that he hath subdued all the Earth, not by the edge of the sword, but the wood of the Cross, whom David compares in the 18Psal▪ to the Sun, who sets out from one end of the Hea­vens, and continues his course to the end of [Page 77] it again, nothing being hid from the heat thereof.

Were Ignatius at this day raised from the dead, his humility would be offended with words so full of vanity and pride.

The Epitaph of Ignatius.

You th [...]t by the felicity of wit, and exc [...]llence of conceit can represent in your fancyes the images of Pompey the Great, Caesar or Alexander [...]open your eyes t [...] truth, and you shall read on this M [...] ­ble, that Ignatius was greater than all these Con­querours. Lib. 2. p. 180.

The Epitaph of Xavier.

Stay a while you Heroes, Great spirits, and Lovers. of vertue. You are not to do; or undertake any thing more, since Xavier is buryed under this tombe: But I am deceived. There's nothing in a manner here of that Great Ap [...]stle of the East, c [...]uragious beyond nature, illustrious beyond imi­tation, admirable beyond envy, the companion of Jesus, the Son of Ignatius that imm [...]rtal Angel in a mortal body. There's nothing here, I s [...]y, of him that could be corrupted, since he had not any thing subject to corrup [...]ion, who subdued more peo­p [...]e to the Church than the Romans and Greeks did to their Empires in several Ages.

We may with good reason say to the Jesui [...]es in the words of Christ, [...] [Page 78] Wo be to you Lawyers and Pharisees hypocrites▪ who build the tombs of the Prophets, and garnish [...]he Sepulchers of he righteous. For methinks, they mock these Saints, when on the one hand they praise them to excess, to draw thence glo­ry for themselves, and on the other hand fol­low another spirit and contrary Maxims: To shew the difference between the conduct of the Jesuites and that of Xavier, it will be sufficient to report what themselves say of this Saint, that though he was Nuntio from the Pope, yet when he arrived at Goa, he went to prostrate himself at the feet of the Bishop, to inform him for what end the Pope and the King of Portu­gal had sent him into that Countrey; he pre­sented to him, and left in his hands the Popes Brieves, promising never to make use of his Authority as the Apostolical Nuntio, further than it should please the Bishop to allow, To which the Author of the history addes, that he alwayes kept inviolable his custom of sub­mitting to the Prelates of the Church, of what degree soever: These are the words of F. Da­niel Bartoli, lib. 1. dell [...] 1. part. dell. [...], della Comp. de Iesus [...]ell Asia. But the Jesuites, no otherwise qualified than as brethren of the So­ciety, do every day exalt themselves against the power of Bishops, and pretend to preach and administer the Sacraments in spite of them, which hath obliged a great number of [Page 79] the best Bishops of France to interdict them.

Vain and false Elegies of other Authors.

Lessius, say they, hath gotten eternal reputa­tion, not only by the works of his wit, but the re­nown of his Vertues, and was consulted as an Ora­cle from all parts of the world, Lib. 1. Dissert. 5. pag. 17.

When Laine's spake in the Councel of Trent, for the Conception of the Virgin with [...]ut Original Sin, the whole Councel gave ear to him, not as a man speaking out of a Chair, but as a Prophet de­scended from heaven, for pronouncing of Oracles, declaring of mysteries, and publishing of secrets: And he by his eloquence preserved the Virgin from receiving a spot in the purity of her conception, and fetched but that stain she had received before by the opinion of many (he means the Dominicans) lib. 1. Or. 5. p. 139.

'Tis principally from Spain those great men issued, who by the excellence of their parts, and depth of their learning have extended the limits of Sacred knowledge, have been the Ornament of our age, and will be the admiration of posterity, lib. 11. c. 4. p. 211. He means Suarez, Vasquez, Molina, and others, to whom they may now add Esco­bar, Guimenius, &c. infamous for errours and ignorance, as the others celebrated for learning and knowledge.

[Page 80] What shall I say of those Ramparts of sacred learning, Suarez and Vasquez? Who in the great heap of difficulties opposed to their scrutiny, and the vigour of their wit, believed, and with reason, that they could penetrate through all, and that nothing could be inaccessible to them? What vaste thoughts had Cornelius de la Pierre who hath comprehend­ed in his Commentaries all the Holy Scripture? What shall I say of Sanchez and Lessius, those men [...]f knowledge, so pure and so perfect? they should have added Virginal and Maidenly, for Alegamb gives their knowledge that title of hon [...]ur, lib. 5. c. 6. p. 644. S [...]arez whom the most knowing per­sons have not doubted to call the Vniversal M [...]ster of this Age, p. 438.

It must be confessed, that there are in the So­ciety of the Iesuites some knowing persons, but when they take occasion from thence to extoll themselves above all the world, they give just cause of complaint, that the knowledge of those few serves only to blow up the rest with pride and vanity, even to the meanest conducters and ministerial officers, they all have great opinions of themselves, though no right to the praises of the Society; so that when they hear the magni­ficent Encomiums they give Vasquez, Suarez, and some others, they easily perswade them­selves, that they are considerable members of so illustrious a body, and that one day they shall have their badge of dignity, and a more ho­nourable [Page 81] place in the Records of the Society.

Thei [...] vain and pr [...]ended Conformity with Ie­sus Christ.

'Tis not enough for the ambition of the Ie­su [...]tes to compare their Society with the Church, the spo [...]se of Christ, and to represent him work­ing on an anvil, a ring to be given them in to­ken of an indissoluble marriage with the So­ciety; but all the great volumn of the Image of their first age, consists only of comparisons of themselves with Christ, making the resem­blance to lye in Five points, which are the sub­j [...]cts of the five Books of that work, which they have abridged and placed in the beginning of their first Book, as followeth:

1. Iesus Christ made himself of no reputation.

Igna [...]ius descended of an Illustrious Family, was reduced to beg his bread. Hence sprang this little Society (so they call it here:) They persevered well in the humility of their Foun­der, when in China they quitted their ordinary habit and went as Gallants, to prevent, as they affirm, the contempt that attends a poor ap­pearance.

2. Iesus Christ increased in wisdom, in age, and in grace in the sight of God and of m [...]n.

This is the Image of the Society Cr [...]scent; 'tis strange, that notwithstanding the knowledge [Page 82] men have of the irregularities of the Iesuites, they have vanity enough to think to perswade the world, that they exceed in vertue all their Predecessors; but whatever they say they can­not be believed without new Idea's of their first Fathers.

3. Iesus Christ began to do and teach.

This is the Image of the Society acting; and when they write of their continual labours; they write, In this thou approachest nearer to Christ, O Glorious Society, which hast produced works of such Grandeur: But what could be so horrible as the Idea we should have of this Society, if we were perswaded she hath acted and ordered her con­duct according to those maximes which her Casuists have written and taught?

4. Iesus suffered a shameful death.

This is the image of the Society suffering, but he endured a little more, but boasted much less than these men do.

5. Iesus Christ through suffering is past into Glory.

This is the image of the Society triumphant: It might be wished, these Fathers would not so much seek their Glory of men, that they might have a greater share in that of Christ, who in the Gospel hath forbidden us to seek our own Glory.

When the Iesuites compare their Hero's▪ to Alexanders, Hercules, Po [...]ies and Caesars, the [Page 83] style is tollerable, though very ridiculous. 'Tis not very rare for men, even writers, to want judgement and common sense; but whatever these good Fathers say, they are too well known to be taken for Angels. Yet since they lift up their voice to heaven, and affect altogether to compare their Society to the Church, and them­selves to the Apostles, and to Jesus Christ whom they look upon as their companion, it may do well to advertise the world how dangerous and irregular their passion is, which makes them use such extravagant expressions.

They ought to remember that we cannot draw near to God but by humility, and that the way intirely to de [...]ace the small remainder we have of resemblance with him, is, not to ac­knowledge our distance from his Grandeur, his Holiness and his Goodness, and not to lay suf­ficiently to heart that we are really meer no­things as he is the Soveraign Omnipotent Es­sence.

Pride being the first crime that corrupted An­gels and Men, is also the most deeply rooted in our nature; so that there alwayes remains in us an inclination to desire with our first Parents to be like the most High, and to make our selves and the things we affect, Idols to be set up in the place of God.

[Page 84]'Tis true, that since the light of the Gosp [...]l, there have not appeared where Christ is adored, any persons so impudent to cause themselves to be worshipped as Gods, or that durst attribute that honour to any other man: But we see a shadow of this disorder in Christendome it self; for as soon as it falls out that we have a vertuous friend, because we dare not make him a God; yet this doth not restrain us from making him a Saint, and if we may be believed, the greatest in Paradise; and if it lye in our power, we ex­tol him so high, that none but Christ shall be fit to compare with him: But this passion more easily spreads in communities and succeeds more happily; they cover it with the presence of the Glory of God, promoted by publishing holiness, which is no where so resplendent as in the Saints: They make it their devotion, and sub­ject of their zeal to commend the members of the Society. One Iesuite thinks he merits by praising another, and as that other is of his coat, so he agrees in the practice as well as prof [...]ssion of the same rule, and is his companion, his bro­ther and other-self, obliged to barter Elegies, and make suitable returns for the commendati­ons received: But it might have been affirmed, that the ambition of these Fathers had proceed­ed [...]urther than themselves could have imagi­ned, had they not taken such care to make it ap­p [...]ar with a witness in the proud representation [Page 85] they have made of their company: Because there are amongst them some persons reputed holy and learned, they would impose on the world to have no other Idea of their Society, but that it is composed only of persons no less chaste and bright than the Angels, and have not a body but to [...]ight and to suffer for Iesus Christ. There is nothing on Earth, as they say, where­with to compare this Holy Society, but the Church of Christ, with this difference, that the Church is obliged to continual mourning for the rareness of Vertue among the members thereof, and because the wheat is almost all co­vered with chaff, whereas in the Society there is only wheat without any chaff. The Church hath this advantage, that none can be saved but in her bosome; but though all that live there are called to salvation, yet few are saved, and chosen for heaven. And those few who are hap­py enough to be saved, and persevere to the end, must do it with much labour, and continual combates against their infirmities and imperfe­ctions the whole time of their life. They con­fess with St. Paul, they see no good thing in themselves, that the law of sin from which they are not intirely exempt, causes them often to do the ill they would not, as the weight of their corruption hinders them to do the good that they would; they acknowledge, that tho [...]gh they are enlightned with the Faith, their light [Page 86] is but small, and would be wholly extinct, did they not constantly pray to God to increase it; that they find themselves often involved in such darkness, that they know not what they ought, or ought not to do, to perform the repentance they owe unto God, and the charity they are obliged to pay unto their neighbour.

Lo here, what men the Saints of the Church of Christ are! they alwayes walk in humility, in fear and in self-denial, knowing they must fall when they quit this path; but the Church of the Iesuites is all perfect, and composed intirely of persons that are perfect, there are no children nor imperfect ones amongst them; they are all born with helmets on their heads, they are all Ph [...]nixes, Heroes, and men at arms, they have all strength sufficient to conquer, and more wis­dome is necessary to govern the world.

Moreover they are all Saints, and shall be all sa­ved; they have express Revelations which put it out of doubt▪ that for three hundred years, and to the end of the world, not one of them shall dye in the h [...]bit of a Iesuite who shall not have the gift of perseve­rance: They are no sooner dead, but according to their prophecyes Iesus Christ com [...]s to meet them, for to conduct them to heaven, and make them reign there above all other Religious Orders, whereof the most perfect are but as silver, whereas by another [...] they know that they are the most precious gold.

[Page 87]Lastly, having exhausted all sort of praises, and compared themselves to Angels, to Pro­phets, to the Apostles, the twenty four El­ders in the Apocalipse, the Pharisees and Empe­rours, having applyed to themselves all they could find in Scripture, which might make for their Glory, to end all, they compare this great body to Christ Iesus himself, as if all other per­fections, but that of God-man were unworthy of them: They are strongly possest with a fancy, that their Company is like unto Christ, and that as there is nothing in Christ but what is Holy, it follows in their imagination, that all is holy among them too: There is nothing so corrupt in their manners, so extravagant in their devo­tion, so false in their Theology, which they maintain not as the Sentiments of the Church. Many of their Divines invent fanatick opinions, and the Universities have been often obliged to censure their Authors.

But these Fathers persist in their principles, and thinking it necessary to maintain them­selves to be infallible as the Church, they never recant, and have all in their hearts what one of them sometime stuck not to pronounce, That the opinion of a Iesuite is alwayes Catholique, dogma Catholicum & Iesuiticum convertuntu [...].

And thus supposing alwayes this Society to be, all holy, all luminous, all perfect, without spot, without infirmity, without malady, they [Page 88] believe it impossible to praise it excessively, as a work of God beyond all praise; and that these holy companions of Iesus Christ are so united to him, that all that may be said to their advan­tage, returns unto God. In so great a measure doth he partake of all that concerns them.

But while they admire themselves in this manner, they perceive not the misery of the condition they are fallen into; which we cannot better express, than to say, that the extream de­sire they have had to pass for the wisest and most illuminated in the world, hath rendered them foolish and senseless, that they have lost them­selves in their vain Ratiocinations; that their minds and their hearts having been covered with darkness, they have transferred the ho­nour due only to the incorruptible God, unto their Society full of corruption and misery and as the Pagans, having chosen for Gods, men subject to all sorts of passions and vices, were in pursuance of that folly obliged to sanctifie those disorders; so the Iesuites alwayes supposing themselves Saints, take no care to purifie them­selves from those faults which are common to them with other men, but labour to sanctifie those faults, in giving the greatest vices of a I [...] ­suite the golden titles of vertue and goodn [...]ss; so that though they are ambitious, covetous, in­ter [...]ssed, revengeful, as other men, they are still innocent, for considering themselves under no [Page 89] other notion than that of one of the most excel­lent works of God, they fancy that in praising themselves they but praise God, that in exalt­ing themselves above the world, they do but establish the Empire and Authority of Christ, that in heaping up riches and scraping wealth together all the wayes they can devise, they serve not their interest, but Iesus Christ; for as for them, though they lodge in magnificent houses, and amass all the estate they possibly can; by [...] [...]aments and donations, by trafick; by borrow­ing money, and then proving bankrupts; they pretend to be poor and alwayes without money, because they have nothing whereof they devest not themselves speculatively into the hands of Iesus Christ.

As they pretend they have no enemies, but those of God, they think it permitted them to oppress them as they please; and as if their power, were as Gods, inseparable from Justice, they never shew the least scruple or repentance for any evil they do them who oppose their most wicked designs.

Lastly, though their Authors are guilty of al­most infinite errours, and fill their books with detestable maximes, they forbear not to regard them with such respect and submission, as if they alone were the Rule of the Truth, and as if every opinion written in their books must of necessity be holy and good.

[Page 90] St. Augustine teaches us, that God serves him­self sometimes of the most shameful miscar­riages of proud men to make them see their corruption, to humble them, and oblige them to have recourse to repentance; but it seems this remedy is of no use for the Iesuites, those re­markable and most shameful falls so frequent in their Society, having not been yet able to open their eyes, nor to perswade them that they are not impeccable. So great is their passion to make their Society pass for a Virgin without blemish, that they have intirely abolished re­pentance amongst them, and all the marks of it as a superfluous thing.

I cannot but report on this occasion the com­plaint made to me by one of their brethren, for some few there are who mourn for these hor­rible disorders, and begin to open their eyes: He told me, that as soon as any of them is Priest, if he be unhappy enough to fall secretly into a mortal sin, he must of necessity dye in impeni­tence; for they are indispensably obliged to say Mass every day which supposeth them all saints, or that a simple confession can in a moment re­establish them in the sanctity they had lost, and restore them to the dispositions necessary in them who approach the Altar, what crime so­ever they have committed. I enter not the se­crets of the heart, and of the consciences of par­ticular men, but if we may be allowed to guess [Page 91] in general at their weakness and infirmities, by those of many who publickly fall into in­famous Actions, I think it may be said, with­out passing rash Judgement, that 'tis very pos­sible that some of them fall into sins that oblige them to repentance; and that it is so much the more possible, that they are of a very great number, that they live without any Austerity, and great liberty of converse with all sort of people, besides that their ordinary imploy­ments, their Preaching, Confession, and Classes are oftentimes neer dangerous occasions of fall­ing into sin; so that it being very probable that some fall into those precipices which all are so neer, 'tis strange, that the passion they have for their Glory, should so harden them in their Crimes, that it hath never been seen, that any of them that have fallen, came out of that state by a true and compleat repen­tance.

This love of Glory is so great amongst them, that it hath not only made them abolish re­pentance, for fear of giving any colour to think they need it, but hath carry'd them sometimes to the doing of extreme violences, and great injustice, for covering those faults whereby they might receive any dishonour; and the bet­ter to conceal them, they labour with all Ar­tifice to justifie the persons who have com­mitted them. We have an instance of this Ex­cess [Page 92] in the Theatre of the Jesuites, p. 396. so horrible that the Author durst not report it: But the world knowes it by other means, and Mariana acknowledges, that it is their custom, when they fear the fault of any Father not yet discovered may come to light, to transport him presently into another Province. And when some disorder appears in a Superiour, whose reputation they would maintain in the world, whom notwithstanding they dare not trust any further, they suggest to him that he may desire leave to go to the New World, to which he hath no sooner consented, but they make this forced desire pass for an extraordi­nary [...]eal for the Faith, and a necessary banish­ment for an Apostolical mission: And for one that undertakes these Voyages sincerely, and with good intentions, there are twenty which go not but upon carnal considerations, and be­come worse after than they were before.

Lastly, as they make use of every thing for their Glory, they are not ashamed to count those of their▪ Society Martyrs, who dyed for their Crimes, and to make them companions of Christ crucified, who justly▪ suffer as capital offenders, they make it their merit to have been driven out of England and France, though they drew on themselves that just punishment for their crimes; for having taught men to kill Kings, and confessed or instructed three [Page 93] Assassinators of the Monarchs of France: Bar­riere confessed by Varada, Iohn Chastell in­structed by Guignard, and Ravaillac confessed by F. D'Aubigny, as all the World may read in history; insomuch that Guignard was hang­ed and strangled for having inspired Chastell his Schollar in Philosophy with the Parricide, and having taught it in his writings. In Eng­land, Gardner and other Jesuites were executed for having been Complices in the Powder­treason, where they would have blown up in a moment the King, Queen and all the great men of England, by a piety worthy the mode­ration of these new Apostles, as they call them­selves, and justly, as not led by the spirit of the old.

They have been also expelled from Venice, for raising factions, according to the Prophecy of the Venetian Patriarch Farnisius, who ap­prehending their factious and politick Genius, foretold 50 years before, swearing on the Evan­gelists as themselves confess in this book, p. 494. that they should be one day driven out of Venice.

To conclude, though in▪ other Provinces and Cities of Europe, and other parts of the World they have been often ill treated for their Plots and Cabals, they forbear not to say by a horrible blasphemy that these persecutions are the Crowns of their piety, humility and [Page 94] innocence, as they were in the Sacred Person of Jesus Christ.

Priviledges and Extraordinary Advan­tages of the Society above other Orders.

I. Priviledge.
That the Society is a Virgin.

THis we have seen in the proud Image on the frontispiece of this book, where the So­ciety is represented as a young Virgin, though Ignatius their founder had lived in the disorder of a man of Warr, before his Conversion, as Ribadeneira testifies in his life; and was a slave to the vanities of the world, and those unruly passions of corrupt nature, as they ex­press it in this image of their first Age, and at last of a dissolute Souldier became a Saint of Penitence. Whereas other Religious Societies in a Christian humility confess their weakness, acknowledge their imperfections, and dare not speak of their vertue, though most of their Founders were really Virgins, as we learn by their Lives, and were Saints rather of inno­cence than Penitence.

[Page 95] On the other side these Fathers consider not that when they boast their Society a Virgin with so much earnestness, they give occasion to say, that they ought to be ashamed that their Casuists make this Virgin speak with so much impudence, words so little becoming a Virgin, and capable to corrupt the Masters that teach, and the Schollers that shall be suffi­ciently unhappy to follow them.

II. Priviledge.
That it is the Company of Iesus: And that the use and Office of his Name particularly belong to them.

THe name of the company of Iesus and of Iesuite is the most August upon Earth; not Granted them by Popes of meer motion, but desired and demanded by their first Fathers according to the express terms of the first Bull of their Institution. And yet if you will believe them, 'twas God himself gave it them, as they say expresly in these terms, Et nobis Divinitus concessum est, lib. I. or. 4. p. 127.

St. Thomas in his Summe of the body of Di­vinity demands why Christians have taken their name from Christ, and not from Iesus; and are called Christians and not Iesuites? and [Page 96] answers, it is because they partake of the holy Unction, denoted by the name Christ, by re­ceiving it in the Sacraments; so that they may be called the Christs, and Anoynted of God▪ whereas they have no part in the signification of the sacred name Iesus, which signifies Sa­viour, they being The saved, and he alone the Saviour: Whence it is that this name is not the sirname, but the proper name of Iesus Christ, which was given him by God, by the ministry of the Angell, because he was to save his peo­ple, in delivering them from the sins which held them captive: And that at this Adora­ble name every Knee should bow in Heaven; in Earth, and under the Earth. Hence it is also that the whole Sorbonne, in the year 1554. with unanimous consent, (and not, as they pretend, some Doctors of the Sorbonne) having been consulted by the Parliament of Paris, found this name of Iesuite extraordinary, and in their famous Censure, give it a mark, call­ing the Iesuits The New Society, which particu­larly attributes to it self the unusual title of the name of Iesus.

And M. Eustache de Bellay the illustrious Bi­shop of Paris, who also was consulted by the Parliament of Paris, having given his advice in Writing, proposed in the Assembly of the Church of France held at Poissy, by the com­mand of the King, in 1561. that if they should [Page 97] be received, it should be only as a Society and Company, and not as a new Order of Religi­on, and that they should be obliged to take another name than that of the company of Ie­sus, or Iesuites: This was held so reasonable by the whole Assembly Generall of the Gallican Church, that she received them not but with express Charge, that they should be obliged to take another title than that of the Society of Ie­sus, or Iesuites, and under many other condi­tions, to which they then submitted out of po­litick prudence, but performed them not, ha­ving then no other end but to establish them­selves in France, and knowing according to one of their Emblemes, that as soon as their Society should put in a foot, it would move the whole Land, p. 321. by tumults and popular seditions, before they could be removed out of their places.

But because they have taken this Glorious Name, and preserved it by the favour of a Pope who not being able to resist their importunities, gave them as many Bulls as they thought fit to desire as themselves have observed, they say, That the use and office of this Name which consists in fighting for the Church seems to be­long to their Fathers by the particular privi­ledge received by the Popes Bulls, since none can, be ignorant that we can prove to our glory by every dayes experience, that no man almost [Page 98] hath declared war against the Faith and Reli­gion in these evil times, who thought it not his duty to swear an immortal enmity against our Fathers: So that the passage in Scripture may be as properly applyed to our Society as it was to St. Paul, I will shew him how much he must suffer for my Name, p. 123.

Why should I trouble my self further to con­sider the boldness of these new Apostles who pretend to make as many Articles of Faith as they please, to find new senses of Scripture, in corrupting it, and turning the passages from the true sense to apply them to themselves; for if you believe them, 'twas not so much of St. Paul, as of their Society that Christ spake when he said, I will shew him how much he must suffer for my Name: They who have any love for their salvation, are much concerned that the faith be not corrupted by these new additions, and those who receive easily these Articles of Faith of the Iesuitick Church, ought to fear lest they forget those which Christ hath taught his Church; what they add in the same behalf is an imagi­nation without ground, pretending the here­ticks (as they call them) make war particularly against them, by reason of the Name of Iesus, which they bear; to shew it is not for the Name of Catholicks which they have common with the Bishops, the Popes, and an infinite number of Doctors, Ecclesiastical persons and Fryars, [Page 99] but because by particular priviledge they bear the Name of Iesus in bearing that of Iesuites. As if the hereticks believed not in Iesus Christ, and held not the Name of Iesus Sacred and ado­rable as we, and as if it were not known that Calvin hath put the Name of Iesus at the top of every page of his Institution, to endeavour to sanctifie his books by that Holy Name, as the Iesuites make use of it to hallow their un­holy actions and opinions.

In another place with a pride proper to them, and on design to draw glory to themselves from the hatred of hereticks towards them, say they, all the enemies of the faith, fling their darts at us, as if the maintenance of holiness, and the Ca­tholick Religion depended on the subsistence of our Society alone, being perswaded, that if this pillar of publick safety were pulled down and ruined, there could be nothing easier than in­tirely to destroy the faith, with the piety, the ce­remonies and worship of the Church: As this thought is suitable to the good opinion the Ie­suites have of themselves, I believe them at least as capable of it, and all other thoughts of self-con­ceit, and vain glory, as the worst of those Here­ticks.

But as to the particular animosity between the Lutherans and Calvanists, and these fathers, all the learned know, that it proceeds not from an opinion that they are better able to re [...]ute [Page 100] their errours, than the Doctors of Universities, the Bishops and Cardinals; it being notorious to the world that the books of Ruard Tapper the famous Doctor of Loven, of Drued, of Au­gustin, S [...]ucchius Eugabinus a Bishop in Italy, and many other excellent persons of the faculty of divinity, and other eminent Prelates are stronger against the Lutherans than those of the Iesuites, and that when compared with Saintez upon the Eucharist, or Cardinal Perron against the Lutherans, the books of the Iesuites look like those of Students or School-boys: besides it comes not to pass, because they of the Re­formed Churches think them more holy than other Orders of Religion (though they publish themselves altogether perfect and Ramparts of the Doctrine of Faith) for they know as well as the Roman Catholicks that their spirit is less humble, their life less austere, their knowledge less Ecclesiastical, their charity less patient and meek, their piety less dis-interessed, than those of other Orders; but 'tis because the Iesuites preach no other thing in their books against he­reticks, but that they ought to be exterminated and burnt: And that those Hereticks who have not zeal enough to seek the Glory of false mar­tyrdom, love more the charity and gentleness of Catholick Doctors and Bishops, who desire not the death of a sinner but that they may be converted and live, than the irregular zeal of those who [Page 101] labour not so much to convince men by Truth, and overcome them by Charity, as to destroy them by injuries, and ruine them by violent counsels, which they inspire into Kings and Ru­lers against them.

Another Reason that the Hereticks are more inclined to ingage with them than other Ca­tholick Doctors, is, that those Fathers fill their books with new Opinions, fantastick tenets, and corrupt maximes which give the hereticks great advantage against them, this medley of ill things making it more facile for them to de­send themselves against their writings, and to answer their Reasons:

Other Orders are said to come of the Saints who have founded them, as the Benedictins from St. Be­nedict, the Dominicans from St. Dominique, and so of the rest, which is the reason they are called the Orders of St. Benedict, St. Dominique, &c. But the Iesuites have this advantage above all other Orders, That their Company is the Company of Iesus himself, the Society of the Son of God, the Order whereof he is the true Author, and that b [...]a [...]s his Name, That Christ is their first F [...]u [...]der, the Virgin the second, and St. Ignatius only the third, lib. 1. c. 6.

St. Ignatius was so humble, that he thought him­self unworthy to give the Name of Ignatians to his Companions, after the custome of other Founders, wherein he seems willing to have imitated the Apo­stles, whose humility St. Augustine praises, in that [Page 102] they gave not the Names of Paulians and Petrians, but Christians to the faithfull; but if we will judge [...]right of things, we may say, the Society hath taken the Name of their Author: for Ignatius attributing all unto God in the founding of his Society, and no­thing to himself, and declaring that Christ was the first and principal Author thereof, he did it with great reason, that according to the custome among the Philosophers in the Christian Religion, and the Orders thereof, the Society should bear the Name of their Author without mention of Ignatius, who desi­red to be concealed, p. 68.

Wherein he pretends that the Divine Excel­lence which is found in the foundation of the Church, in that it hath Iesus Christ for its first and true chief and founder, and in that he hath given it the surname of Christian, from his name Christ, appears in the foundation of this So­ciety, whereof they say Christ is the true and first Author, and gave it his Name incompara­bly more August than his Surname, as if he had waved his general Society of the Church, that he might reserve this highest honour for the particular Society of Iesuites, That Virgin, knowing, and Martyr, Society, as another calls it: and if you take their word you may believe Ig­natius had the place of St. Peter, Xavier of St. Paul, their ten first Fathers, that of the twelve Apostles, and the sixty first Iesuites established [Page 103] by the first Bull of Paul the 3d. that of the se­venty Disciples of our Lord.

Ignatius, say they, was first inclined to take the name of the Company of Jesus in 1538. af­ter a vision in a desart Church on his way to Rome, where God the Father appeared to him, recommending Ignatius and his two Compa­nions, Peter le Teure, and Iames Laines to his Son Iesus Christ bearing his Cross, who turning to them said, I will be favourable to you at R [...]me. This vision, sayes Maffens the Jesuite, was the principal ground of the Name of the Society of Iesus. But 'tis a strained conclusion, and will hardly pass for a good inference in any but Iesuitical logick, that because Christ promised to favour them at Rome; it was his intention that a parti­cular Order should assume his Name, which the Church in reverence durst not take for the rea­son before given out of St. Thomas. Besides we have equal evidence of Christs appearing and promising his assistance to several founders of other Orders, who never thought it a commis­sion to call themselves Iesuites, which is not common to all Christians, as they tell us, lib. 1. c. 4. p. 69 the name of Christian which is the Surname of Iesus, being the Name common to the whole Church, which hath expressed that respect to the August Name of the Saviour of the world, which the Popes have to that of St. Peter which they never assume, though his successors in the Chief Chair of Christianity.

III. Priviledge.
That they are the freemen and companions of Iesus Christ; a vision wherein they are preferred before the Capucins and Chartreus Monks.

'TIs for this reason, that whereas the Apo­stles styled themselves the servants of Ie­sus Christ, the Iesuites have the Pri [...]iledge to call themselves his Freemen, and his Companions, pag. 24. And that in a vision at Paris, St. John the E­vangelist having appeared to a young lad, and asked him whether he would be a Capucian or a Chartreus, the B [...]y answering, what God pleased, St. John left him a paper, and told him, see there three Orders, cho [...]se which you will, the paper containing the names of the Capucins and Chartreus in silver, but of the Iesuites in Golden Letters; which they at­tribute to the Sacred Name of Iesus they bear, and visibly insinuate, that as Gold is the most precious of metals, so their Order is the most venerable and divine of all the Orders of Reli­gion.

They that flatter the ambition and pride of the Grandees of the world, exalt them in titles, and magnifie their dignities which often serve to make them more vicious: But 'tis strange, these Fathers who are All Perfect, should boast so much of their Name, as if to call one Iesuite [Page 105] were to Canonize him a Saint.

But let them take heed left for their unwor­thiness of the Name it rise in judgement a­gainst them to their condemnation: great titles are common to good and bad men, but as am­bition is the ordinary purchaser, so they fall commonly into the possession of wicked persons, it being generally observed, that none are more worthy contempt, than those who by their ti­tles claim preferance to other men; the Bishop in the Apocalypse, said he, was rich, and wanted nothing as the Iesuites pretend themselves the Companions of Christ, and exalted above other men, as the Name Jesus is of a superlative dignity, but they, like that Prelate, know not that they are poor, naked and blind, said to live but really dead, Rev. c. 1.

IV. Priviledge.
All those who dye in the Society, though never so young, have accomplished an Age before their de­cease.

THough Old Age be rare in the Society, where Study consumes men in the flower of Y [...]uth, yet no man dyes in the S [...]ciety but he hath lived a full Age; laugh not at the Expression, 'tis not ex­traordinary but demonstratively true: Virtuous [Page 106] Actions extend Life, and lengthen our dayes. Ie­sus was old at his birth, Solomon at twelve years of age, Daniel and Joseph when very young, and so were Francis Strada, Gonzaga, Stanislaus, Ubal­din, Cajetan, Berchman and others.

Studious men repair the brevity of life by reading of histories, and the capacities which of them­selves are long a ripening, by the help of that Di­vine Wisdome, and Heavenly light conspicuous in our constitutions quickly attain compleat maturity, which makes the least Apprentices of our Company as men of one hundred years old in Knowledge, and ripe in the Sciences before the flower of their Age.

The whole world admits them to be such, for as soon as initiated in the Society they are presently Presbyters, (which signifies old) and called Fa­thers, though in their Child-hood, and by the Pri­viledges of the Society may preach though they be not in Orders, and are all guided by a Divine Wis­dome of greater assurance than the most approved Philosophy, and longest Experience. And being call­ed by Iesus the Eternal Wisdome of his Father to partake of his care and share in his labours, and assisting the world with Paternal affection, there is not one among them to whom the Glory of Age is not due, none who hath not accomplished his dayes, and lived an Age though he dye a youth.

This concludes not the Iesuites wise, but in their own eyes, which is the worst of follies▪ but the Author had good reason to tell us, that [Page 107] Old Age is rare in the Society, not but that many of them live very long, but that few at­tain a maturity in wisdom.

V. Priviledge.
They are more prudent and politick than the Mini­sters of Spain.

WE read this brave Priviledge in one of the Sermons preached at the beatification of Ignatius, translated into French by F. Sollier the Iesuite, and printed by him at Poitiers in 1611. under the title of Three Excellent Sermons, which he dedicated to Madam Frances de Foix, Abbess of Nostre Dame de Xaintes, and writ an Apology in defence thereof against the censure of the Sorbonne, who had declared several propo­sitions therein to be scandalous, erronious, mani­festly her [...]tical, blasphemous and impious.

The Order is divided into thirty three f [...]ir and large Provinces (now above thirty six) inhabits three hundred and six Houses and Colledges (since increased to above eight hundred) and con [...]ts of above one thousand five hundred and fourscore Brethren of the Order, so Prudent in Governm [...]n [...] ▪ that there are among their Lay-brothers, persons who may read Lessons in the Politiques to the Chan­cellours of Granada at Valladoldo, and instruct [Page 108] the Council of State of our King, pag. 172.

'Tis no wonder that men who have so good opinion of their Wisdom and Charity for man­kind should intermeddle so much in the affairs of Government: 'Tis a Priviledge they have beyond the Apostles prohibited by Christ to touch that secular Dominion that belongs to Kings and great men of the Earth; The Kings of the Gentiles excercise Authority over them, but it shall not be so among you. But since the Iesuites so willingly undergo the toylsom burden of th' administration of Kingdoms as we see at this day in Spain, and do nothing but to promote the Glory of God; we must not question but they have an express command from Christ to war­ [...]ant their Actions: Besides, it were an unpar­donable injury to look on their General as those of the Ia [...]obins or Augustine Fryars who govern only men of Religion; but if you will frame your Idea suitable to the Grandeur of the Sub­ject, you must conceive him a Soveraign no less Secular than Ecclefiastick, that affects the Government of the world no less than that of the Church. 'Tis not long since that a French Lord had this confirmed from their Generals mouth, telling him, That from his Chamber he Governed not Paris only, but China; not China [...]ly, but the whole world, yet no man knew how.

VI. Priviledge.
That Christ comes to meet every Jesuite at his death to receive him to Glory.

'TIs one of the Priviledges of the Society of Iesus, That upon the death of each Ie­suite he advances to meet and conduct him to bliss: Happy Souls, assured to pass from the prison of mor­tality into the immortal bosome of our Lord Iesus, the verity of this proposition depends not on my au­thority, but of the Oracle that delivered it; F. Cri­foel the Iesuite tells us, that in 1616 in the vision of Saint Therese a soul on her way to Glory in com­pany of many more told this Saint, A Brother of the Society of Iesus is our Guide: how happy are we in such a Chief, to whose vertue and prayers we owe our deliverance this day out of the pains of purga­tory. Wonder not that the Almighty comes to meet us, 'tis no new thing, the brethren of the Society of Iesus have this Priviledge, that when one of them dies Iesus comes to meet and receive him to Glory, lib. 5. c. 8. p. 648.

These Visions may be proper entertainments for the vanity of these Fathers who may need humility and repentance to bring them to Hea­ven. As for the Vision it might appear in the fancy of a Jesuite, but never to St. Therese who never related it, and was so far from regarding [Page 110] such Apocryphal Revelations, that she gave small encouragement to rely on any at all now adayes.

VII. Priviledge.
That no Jesuite shall be damned, that the Society hath no cause to fear corruption.

ALphonso Rodrigues had it revealed by Vision, that not only his Companions then living, but those that succeeded many years after should live with him eternally in Celestial bliss.

These are great favours, but loe here a greater! Francis Borgia told Mark his Compa­nion with tears of joy, Know Brother Mark that God hath extream love for our Society, and granted it the Priviledge formerly given the Order of St. Be­nedict, that for the first three hundred years no per­son that perseveres to the end in the Society shall be damned. See the express terms, as here rendred, pag. 649.

I heartily desire the salvation of these Fa­thers, but must advertise them that nothing ex­poses them more to damnation then this false confidence that they cannot be damned. Let them remember their Emblem, Time ne tumeas, fear the judgement of God, and damnation of Hell, lest the pride of our heart link us into it. Where presumption hath banished fear from [Page 111] the Soul, it becomes more bold to commit all manner of wickedness, but where a servile fear ends in a filial, this will make way for Charity to enter, which when perfected will expell all fear.

A Fryar of another Order (but Anonymus) at the point of death sent for F. Matres the Jesuite, Confessor to the Vice-Roy of Barcelona, to tell him these words, Happy are you, O Father, to be of an Order wherein whoever dyes enjoyes eternal felicity▪ God hath revealed it, and command­ed me to publish it to the world. The Jesuite confounded with admiration and modesty, and ask­ing him whether all of his own Order should not be likewise saved, the dying man answered him with a groan, That many should, but not all, but that all of the Society of Jesus without exception of any who persevered therein to the end should be crowned with eternal beatitude, ibid.

How great, how divine was the wisdome of Igna­tius, who hath so armed the Society against the in­juries of time, and built on supporters of such strength that 'tis an instance to the world to prove, that all things are not the supplies of time! But that Vertue and Religion may be so guarded, that the course of Ages cannot corrupt them; and what brings other things a decrepit age, or certain death, promises the Society [...] perpetual youth, so verdant and flourishing, that she shall feel the revolution of ages without these effects of decay and ruine that usually attend it, pag. 104.

[Page 112] Thus their Society shall be more priviledged than the Church, and other Orders of Religion, which being like theirs mingled with the world are not exempt from its corruption; but this Priviledge of incorruption is proper to these extraordinary Saints, who are all Phoenixes and birds of Paradise. Since then all the brethren of this Holy and ever flourishing Society shall be saved without exception, according to the vi­sion of that Anonimus Fryar they quote, the first purity of this Society must endure to the end, and surpass the Sanctity of that Fryars Order, who though he observed a severe and most pure Discipline, as they tell us, lib. 5. c. 8. assures us that all of his Order could not be saved.

Thus pag. 147. they tell us, the Society hath no cause to fear corruption, though they confess the spirit of Ambition, the greatest of corrupti­ons seized them so soon, that immediately after the death of Ignatius in 1565. being only twen­ty five years after their Institution; Rashness and Ambition animated Nicolas Bobadille, two of their first ten Brethren, and four m [...]re of the pro­f [...]ssion, against two of their first Fathers, and the rest of the Society, they Solicited Cardinals, rose eagerly against Laines then Vicar-General, and af­terwards General, and violently questioned the Con­stitutions of the Order.

[Page 113] This they call, The fate of Kingdomes and Re­publicks, which erected with great pains turn their Forces and their Power against them­selves; the Dispute was for the Generalship, which Laines by subtlety carried from the rest.

If you read Mariana, of the Defects of the So­ciety, you may judge with what appearance of Truth they tell us their Society needs fear no corruption: Let them beware that for want of judging and condemning themselves they be not at last condemned of God.

VIII. Priviledge.
That the Blessed Virgin is intirely theirs.

THe Mother of God hath declared, not only that the whole Society is hers, but that she is wholly the Societies. Platus a Brother of the Order, Re­ports a Vision, wherein the Virgin appeared with the Society under her Mantle—The Society cover­ed with this Mantle of the Virgin, shall abide firm against all the furies of Hell, the menaces of Tyran [...]s, and the attaques of her Enemies, as the immoveable stone of the Capit [...]l. For as God said to the Sea, hitherto shalt thou come; so the Virgin seems to have said to the Enemies of the Society, hitherto shall ye [...]me, unto my Mantle, that is, to the Society, but no further, for this is the Asylum where I protect my Devotes.

[Page 114] What shall I say more? We have obtained such power by the protection of the Virgin alone, that we generously surmount, or happily end all evils that be­fall us, pag. 140, 141.

The Fathers may do well not to trust much to these Revelations, for fear they prove pure delusions: If the worst of their affairs have happy issues answerable to their desires, 'tis the effect of their cunning and subtlety not of De­votion. Varenna their Partisan, who was in credit with them for the Reasons every man knows contributed more than any for their re­turn into France; it may be questioned whether the Virgin made use of such a minister for the re-establishment of these Fathers, who was so corrupt, that though he loved them well, could love them no otherwise than as Patrons of vice, or companions in lewdness.

IX Priviledge.
That they may without vanity attribute to them­selves, and admit from others hyperbolical praises.

LEt none suspect or fear that we have undertaken this work out of vanity, as if we aimed at no other end but self-commendation; the Society is the work of God alone and not of men, we cele­brate this work. And hath not he commanded us [Page 115] often to praise his works, and highly ox [...]oll the operations of his hands? pag. 3.

Thus the Iesuites being a company of An­gels and Apostles, do but praise God in praise­ing themselves, and are not subject to the vani­ty of other simple men: You may hold them impeccable, as the Angels and Saints in Hea­ven, for, you see, they are exempt from the most subtill and most spiritual sin, which de­stroyed the Chief Order of Angels in Heaven, and might have kept Paul from ever coming thither, had not God sent him the Messenger of Satan to buffet him, lest through the mul­titude of Revelations he should have been ex­alted above measure, which these new Apostles declare they have no need of, having attained a Purity transcendent to St. Pauls.

This justifies the famous saying of F. Noijet in his Sermon in St. Lewis Church, against the book of frequent Communion, where men­tioning the great Elogies given Xavier by Ar­nauld, he addes, This man would impute va­nity to us, as if we were capable thereof.

'Tis the priviledge of these Examples of hu­mility above other men, that they can without danger of spiritual pride reflect on their hu­mility, and fear to lose it should they once dare to boast that they have it; the Iesuites not only see humility in their hearts, but with rare [Page 116] modesty assure all men, they are not capable of pride, nor subject to vanity.

Those pious but simple persons who could not comprehend how the Iesuites acted still, as they pretended, for the Glory of God, though interest and ambition, Pride and Avarice set them a work, may be resolved their doubt; for they teach us here, that the greatest Glory of the Society is the same thing with the greatest Glory of God, that being the work of God alone, as they do but praise God when they praise themselves, so they act for God when they act for themselves, and love God in loving themselves: And that we can no more accus [...] them with any unjust passion in their Actions of greatest profaneness, than we can suspect them guilty of vanity on these extravagant ex­pressions of pride and vain-glory.

It is the will of Iesus Christ, that the Society be c [...]vered with branches of Palms, and crowne [...] with Chaplets of flowers, in this Festival Triump [...] for the Glory of his Name, that it may be celebra­ted from Age to age by Secular Poems, in memo [...] of the accomplishment of every age they have past. This is the reason we er [...]ct this monument to b [...] Glory, which shall endure longer than statues o [...] Brass, and be more famous than the Royal Pyra­mids of Egypt. p. 2.

[Page 117] The end of this 5th book entituled, The So­ciety honoured, is to collect the modest honours of the Society, or rather the Glory due to our Ie­sus, pa. 583.

It may be doubted, whether the Son of God who was not pleased with the Sacrifices of the Iews, though ordained by the Law, but seeks Worshippers in spirit and in truth, can be de­lighted like a worldly Prince in these secular dayes and profane feasts, which please the va­nity of the weak spirits of men by pomps and magnificence like those of the Heathens in their superstitious solemnities by Machines, Obe­lisques, Guildings and Emblemes; And whe­ther those proud though empty preparations may be Acceptable to God, which appear ri­diculous Pastimes to Serious men.

That the Society hath Reformed the Church, and altered the face of Christianity, ruined the Devil, and Recalled Vertue.

'TIs the Common voyce of almost all Europe, and the general sentiment of men, that the Society hath demolished in Europe the fortresses of the Devil, drawn the M [...]nsters of vice out of their holes and their dennes, called home Vertue from Exile, raised the Muses from their Graves, and [Page 118] re-established Learning in the Schools, and the use of the Sacraments in the primitive vigour and frequency, pag. 27.

Thus the false opinion of having reformed the World, hath filled their spirit with a reall corruption of pride.

That the Iesuites are Mystical and Spiritual Physitians above all other Ecclesiasticks.

'Tis for this the Society was formed on the day of St. Cosmus, and St. Damien, who were Phy­sitians, and that the science of Physick seems to have passed as by Emanation into all the mem­bers of this Society, who like sonnes of Aesculapi­us labour with equal care and good fortune to preserve the health, and cure the maladies of souls. The whole Society being as a Soveraign medicine, or a shop of spiritual and mystical Physick. Heros. Societ. pag. 31.

If the Physick of a Christian consist in re­pentance, the Iesuite cannot be his Physitian, for 'tis no ingredient in the Medicines he gives. Had they written themselves Physitians of the body, we had had more cause to believe them, from their Bulls of permission to practise that Art, their Shops at Rome, at Lions and else­where, furnished with Druggs from their Ware­houses in the Indies, where they buy for little▪ that they may vent them at dear rates, which [Page 119] gave them good reason in one of their Em­blemes, p. 464. to represent the Society by an Apothecaries Shop furnished with all sorts of Druggs, especially Treacle.

We see, say they, that by their Precepts and care the coldest hatred is warmed by the heat of Charity, and the Ardour of impurity cooled by the refreshment of Chastity, the intemperance of the palat digested and purged by the Fasts they or­dain, the sharpness of choler tempered by the sweet­ness of moderation, hearts contracted with Grief are dilated by peace of Conscience, the Remisness of Negligence locked up by the severity of Disci­pline, the harshness of tempers mollifyed into Gen­tility of manners, and the whole Army of Moral maladies defeated by the contrary force of their Remedies.

The Morals of the Iesuites shortly to be published, will be such a proof of the severity of Discipline as the Pharisees Phylacteries were of their strict observance of the Law: But hear what they say further.

Those that enter into this Society are Sons of the Physitians, and exercise the Art of Curing transmitted from Heaven by Cosmus and Da­mien, whom they imitate in bounty and Goodness as well as in vigilance and care. Ibid.

[Page 120] When first the Society began to appear, the Pastors of Souls and other Ecclesiasticks, who had strangely neglected their own, and the peoples sal­vation, suddenly looked about them, and as new­ly awakened from a deep sleep, laboured to be such in Vertue and Goodness as they ought to have been by their Office and Dignity, p. 53.

We have often heard old men say, that where­ever the Society was established, immediat [...]ly all things put on a new face, Christianity flourished, purity of Religion and Manners succeeded, where impiety, ignorance, and luxury had reigned, nor could they refrain from tears of joy, that they had lived to see a time, wherein decayed piety recove­red strength, and Vertue was restored to her throne which Vice had usurped. pag. 54.

It was the pleasure of God to cure by the So­ciety that part of the Church which ought to have preserved the rest in health, that by a happy change the people might receive Benefit from them from whom they had before contracted impurity and contagion. Ibid.

The Iesuites think they have re-established the spirit of Christianity in primitive perfecti­on, when they see their Churches full of Com­municants, which gains them reputation in the sight of men. But they that love truely the interest of the Church, sigh to see so many crowd and throng Jesus Christ, but so few [Page 121] touch him to the cure of their maladies, and re­formation of their Lives, so few that examine themselves before they approach those dread­full mysteries, and so many that receive them to condemnation: But if the persons seduced do miserably perish, how much more guilty are those negligent Guides, and complaisant Directors, who fear not to cast the childrens Bread to Dogs, and force in a manner the Dogs and the Swine to eat that which is holy?

The Great, though Doubtfull fruits of their Sermons.

We have seen three thousand persons so moved by one exhortation that they went all presently to Confession: We have seen inveterate [...]atred de­faced, peace restored to a divided City, Luxury in Apparel banished from Towns, places of publique debauchery deserted, and Monast [...]ries filled, lib. 3. c. 2. The Scene of these Actions was the In­chanted Island, or the Cities of Utopia.

Flanders can witness by the Experience of our Churches in Lent, what powerfull influence the pre [...]ching of Christ crucified hath on the spirits of men, [...]sp [...]cially when animated by a holily enfl [...]ed e [...]quence, and attended with outward and visible helps, and Corporeal representations of the subject of the discourse, which are the inventions and A [...] ­tifices proper to our Society, whereby she kindles, [Page 122] inflames and maintains the piety and devotion of the people. John Ramire the Iesuite, by one Sermon converted from their Lewdness to an ho­nest life 22 Courtesans at Valence, p. 335.

'Tis true, there are many Converts in ap­pearance, and from the teeth outwards, that is, that come to Confession, which satisfies these Fathers to cry them up for Proselytes of Hea­ven. But permanent conversions are rare, those attended with relapses into sin are frequent and ordinary.

I will give you an instance of the singular address of these Fathers, for converting the most hardned sinners, being a story from the mouth of one of them, in a conference had with the Nunnes at the Visitation of St. Antho­nyes street in Paris:

‘There was, said he, a person of quality, who having lived very dissolutely at Court, and in the Army, was dangerously sick, and would by no means hear of going to Con­fession, it being so long since he had perform­ed any duty in that kinde, that he could not remember he had ever done it. Those about him used their best endeavours to perswade him to send for a Confessor, but in vain; the multitude of his Crimes making him asha­med to declare them. But being willing to [Page 123] receive the other Sacraments; a Iesuite was made choyce of to administer to him. The sick person had no sooner discerned him, but he cryed out, he might have saved his [...]pains in coming, for he was resolved not to con­fess. The Iesuite promised him not to men­tion Confession, but believed him willing to exercise Acts of Faith, Contrition and others necessary to prepare him for death; and told him he came to direct him therein: The sick man consented, and after instruction given in the other particulars, the Iesuite asked him whether he would exchange his sins for his good works: Which the sick man willingly agreed to; the Iesuite thereupon assured him, he would take upon him all his sins, and from thenceforth esteem them his own, and trans­ferr to the sick person the merit of all his good works: This done, he pronounced his abso­lution, and retyred. But being gone to the Gate, he returned to tell the sick, he had forgotten to ask him what those sins were wherewith he had charged himself, so that he could not make confession of them as his sins, which he desired to do, to prevent dam­nation: The sick man without any difficulty or shame recounted those crimes which he believed not his own. The Iesuite presently brought him the Eucharist, and the sick man soon after dyed, and at night appeared to the [Page 124] Jesuite, to give him thanks for the gift of his merit, for which God had received him to Glory, though he had deserved the torments of Hell; and to assure him that his charity in charging himself with his sins, was so accepta­ble with God, that he would not impute them to the Jesuite, but pardoned him freely.’

This Jesuite, in relating the story conside­red not, that nothing doth so quench the spi­rit of repentance in men of Religion, as to bear them in hand, that the most hardned sin­ners may enter Paradise without being obliged to repentance or confession of their sins with the humility necessary in actions of that mo­ment: The Examples are every where obvi­ous of persons propense not to fear any sinne, which they think may be easily remitted. This induced the ancient Fathers of the Church to believe and teach, that Death-bed repentance is very dangerous; and though they refused not to absolve such as humbly and earnestly desired reconciliation with God, yet it is true, that admitting their repentance, they did not assure them of salvation. But the Jesuites are far bolder, and more illuminated; they ab­solve sinners who will not vouchsafe to con­fess their sins, or if they confess them, they do it historically by way of relation, without any compunction or contrition for committing [Page 125] them. And lest the validity of the Absolution should come into question, they are furnished with revelations to confirm them. But he that hath care of the health of his Soul, will not rely on these broken reeds of pretended mira­cles, which serve only to beget a false confi­dence in sinners. And the charity of these Fa­thers, who charge themselves so freely with the most horrible crimes committed by others, may assure us they have artifices to exempt themselves from repentance, as they have de­vices to excuse others from it.

The great advantages of their Congregations in Christendome. The Distinction between their Nobles and others: The happiness of Kings, Princes and Bishops which are in their lists.

‘THe honour of the Son, and Reverence due to the Mother were neglected and layd aside in most Provinces of Christendome. Who then presented Offerings in the Temples of the Virgin? who gave her their hearts and affections, which she hath ever loved above all offerings in the world? When Gregory the 13th had confirmed them, the same ardour of piety inflamed the Universe. Lib. 3. c. 7.’

‘We mingle not Noblemen and persons of quality, with Tradesmen and Mechanicks; [Page 126] it being impossible, equally to procure the salvation of Souls without this inequality in our Assemblies, pa. 361.’

In the Church of Christ the rich and poor are mingled together, or rather in Christ there remains no distinction of Rich men and poor, being all one body, and one Spirit in him: But the Church of the Iesuites hath another custom, these Fathers separate, and treat them with ve­ry great difference; they flatter the one, and domineer over the other, and deal equally with them in nothing but this, that they en­deavour to make their advantage equally of both.

They give extrordinary prayses to Ferdinand the 2d, and Ferdinand the 3d, because their names are Registred in their Congregations: Posterity, say they, shall see in these Registers the piety of Ferdinand marked with those Let­ters that compose his Name, engraven in cha­racters drawn by the hand that holds the Scep­ter of the Empire, whereof every one stands for an evidence of his veneration and respect to his spiritual Souldiers of the Society of Ie­sus. To this they adde the magnificent In­scription in their Register, where they put in­to the mouth of Ferdinand the 3d, the Ex­pressions they thought fittest for extolling their Order, by commending his Devotion. They [Page 127] are ravished at the recital of the names of Si­gismund the 3d, King of Poland, the late Car­dinal Infant, the late Duke of Savoy, the Mo­ther of the Emperour Rud [...]lphus, and the Wife of Charles the 9th of France, registred in their books.

‘'Tis hard to determine, whether the bre­thren of the Society rejoyce more for being members of this body, whereof those August persons, the prime Agents and Intelligents in the Spheres of Christendom are their fellow­members; or those Kings and Queens for being inrolled in their Registers: They esteem their other titles, titles of Dignity, but this they reckon the title of their Happiness, which gives them clearer right to the su­preme dignity of being a Christian: This is so true, that a Bishop publickly declared, he gloryed more in that he was one of the Bre­thren of the Society, than in the title of Bishop, and accounted it a greater Ornament than his Cross and his Mitre. Pa. 363.’

These Fathers should have supprest the Book of Father Bary, called Paradise opened by the hun­dred Prayers and some others of Rinet and Posa, before they had [...]oasted their Devotion for the Virgin; the books being as full of impertinen­cies and impious questions on that subject, as the practices of their Worship are vain and ridicu­lous.

The good effects publick and private of their Congre­gations.

‘All Christendome hath received benefit from these fraternities, as having supprest the licen­tiousness of Vice, and brought to light exam­ples of eminent vertue; the Officers of Justice have declared in several towns, that the bold­ness of offenders hath been more restrained by these Societies than by fear of punishment, and that after the introduction of those exercises of Religious Devotion to the Virgin into Ci­ties, they have found few criminals on whom to execute the severity of the Laws, which up­on accurate and exact observation they have solemnly declared, and among other praises of these assemblies asfirmed their establishment a publick good.’ Ibid.

The Iesuitical Casuists pretend that they, and not the Congregations have banished Sin from the World: But 'tis as credible of the one as the other; for the truth is, neither have done it.

‘A man above seventy years old, yet more wise than aged, complained he had lived only two years being those elapsed since his Name had been entred in the Roll of our Congrega­tion.’ Ibid.

[Page 129] ‘The Duke de Popolo sick of a mortal distem­per, having sent [...]or one of our Fathers told him, he died chearfully, and full of hope, but that the confidence he had, he owed intirely to the Congregation; and the same time com­manded his Son to give them his Name and his affection, prote [...]ting he could not leave him a nobler Title, or Richer inheritance than his succession in the good opinion of the Society: And what could have been bequeathed him by his Father of more advantage than the favou [...] of the Virgin, a sure pledge of Eternal Salva­tion.’ Ibid.

‘It is impossible the Society should think on those multitudes of Souls saved by these fra­ternities (which have preserved so many from burning in hell as victims of Divine Vengeance) and not at the same time to find such satisfa­ction and pleasure in so good a work, as serves for a sharp spur to quicken her in her course, for propagating and encouraging those frater­nities; that the saving Standards of Iesus Christ and the Virgin, the Mother as well as the Son may be set up in all parts of the Earth, and that they who justly fear the rigour of a severe Judge may be invited by the amiable indul­gence of the Virgin.’ Ibid.

You hear their Rodomantades, but the use they make of their Congregations is to draw the people to them from their lawful pastors, to [Page 130] bring into contempt the parochial mass, to make themselves masters of mens spirits and consciences, and in a word, to serve their in­terest.

That the frequent use of Confession and Communion grown obsolete is re-established wonderfully by the Society.

‘What an excellent priviledge, and beyond all hope and expectation of mankind, is it that God hath established man in his place, not on­ly to remit their crimes who are guilty of trea­son against Heaven, but to restore them to their first dignity and familiarity with him, and in a moment by one words speaking to make them of guilty men favourites of God, of Enemies, Friends, and of condemned Tray­tors, heirs of a Kingdom: That Criminals ob­tain pardon as often as they offend, and re­ceive remission by the absolution of man though the sins they commit merit the ange [...] of heaven, and just punishment from God, lib 3. c. 8.’

It appears this Author was of the spirit of the Society, to believe, that Confessors are sove­raign masters of the interests of God, and hav [...] full power to absolve the most enormous offen [...] dors according to their fancy, without obli [...]ging them to repentance, or requiring an [...] [Page 131] fruits of it: But this is in truth a horrible a­buse of the power as well as the mercy of Iesus Christ, but acted by them to procure themselves Glory from men, and to fill their Churches with such Proselytes as being sure of their pardon, will never fear to sin.

When the Society was first established, people com­municated but once a year, and they who commu­nicated twice or thrice, passed among some for per­sons of rare sanctity, and among others for men who affected a Name of Devotion, and to exalt them­selves above other men by a vain shew and ostenta­tion of piety. Others pretended that the reverence of the mysteries of that Sacrament kept them from the Eucharist, and so covered their disgust and neg­lect thereof with the Name of respect. Thus the frequent use of communion, that assured aid of salvation seemed laid by on all sides, and (which is most hainous) principally by them whose duty it was to have commended and pressed its continual use. Ibid. This is meant of the Pastors of the Church.

It is in truth a new kind of piety, and new aid of salvation reserved for the Society of the Iesuites not to exclude any from frequent ap­proach to the Eucharist, to admit thither the Goats with the Sheep, to mingle Sacriledge and Impiety with Holy Actions, and to make no dif­ference between the worthy and unworthy, as if St. Paul and the Church understood not what they said, or were deceived in their Doctrins, [Page 132] when they tell us, The wicked Communicate t [...] their damnation.

There was at Valentia a great stir kept against the Society for frequent Communion. The Arch-Bish [...]p spoke in their favour, and having assembled many Doctors, Ordered, that all the people should be at Liberty to Communicate every day in the week. Ibid.

They are not only at Liberty to do it, but to be commended for it, though they be never so wicked, provided they seriously repent and re­form their lives.

‘The Society then finding the times so con­trary and averse to vertue, and mens manners universally corrupted, was animated the more to endeavour a reformation. She hoped that the use of the Sacraments would weaken mens Vices, and the vigour of the one become the ruine of the other. This engaged her from the beginning to imploy all her strength to enflame the whole earth with the love of these saving aides; but with what wonderful suc­cess? a success great beyond the hopes of the Society! What concourse from all parts? how the assiduity of the Confessors was over-char­ged by the multitudes of them that came to Confession? insomuch, that the continual throng laid siege, as it were, to several Churches of the Society. Crimes are n [...]w expi­ated with much more alacrity and ardou [...] than they [Page 133] were heretofore committed. ‘Nothing is more ordinary now than monthly, yea, than weekly Confession; and many are no sooner stained with sin, but they cleanse themselves by con­fessing their faults.’

The Fathers in answer to the Novatians who reproached the Church for the Authority she took to absolve great offenders, as encouraging impenitence, told those Hereticks, They had been in the right, if the Church had promised par­don to sinners without engaging them first to repent: But had the practice of the Church been con­formable to the Iesuites, she had been to seek an Answer to the Objection of the Novatians. And St. Augustine assures us, That if great sinners could as easily wash off, as contract the guilt of their transgressions, or if sighs, watchings and prayers were not necessary for regaining the fav [...]ur of God, they would make it their sport to commit the gr [...]ssest enormities: but now the time is come, since these complaisant Directors have taught men, that it is as eas [...]e to expiate as to commit sin; that they scruple not to transgress when it is so ea­sie to gain remission.

‘Before the founding of the S [...]ciety, the Cu­rates confessed not their Parishoners but at Easter; And, if I may be allowed to declare it, some of them were more willing to be ea­sed of the labour, than to quiet mens consci­ences, and took more care to dispatch than [Page 134] amend the Penitents. But now in divers Cities their Successors every Sunday and Holiday are almost opprest with the number of other Pe­nitents, as well as men professing Religion in the Orders of the Church.’ Ibid.

These Fathers by a lamentable abuse do vi­sibly place the salvation of sinners in the bare outward acts of Confession and Communion, which are but acts of Sacriledge without sincere repentance and resolutions of amendment.

‘Fryar Ierome a Roman tells us, that upon the founding of the Society, all Rome was chan­ged in a moment, and that then the Ancient Devotion of the Primitive Church in frequent­ing Confession and the Eucharist began to re­vive. A Burgess of Bolduc sayes the same of that Town, there is not a Town upon Earth where the Society hath been established which thinks not the same, and openly declares it.’

But since all this change is only superficial, and that the Conduct as well as Morality of the Iesuites rather covers and daubes than roots out m [...]ns vices, the praise they deserve is, that they have filled the world and their Churches with an infinite number of hypocrites, which to their other crimes add profanation of Sacraments, and a false and vain affectation of piety.

‘Before the times of the Society the people scarce knew the name of General Confession, though nothing be more ordinary now, above [Page 135] ten thousand General Confessions having been made in the Province of Iapan. So that 'tis credible the whole Society established in thirty six Provinces purifies yearly above a hundred thousand Consciences by these General Con­fessions: How immense is the benefit? How worthy their pains, by this sole invention to draw yearly out of the slavery of vice, and the Devil a hundred thousand Souls, and set them at liberty in the state of the Children of God: should the Society reckon how many she puri­fies otherwise yearly, how many thousands would be added to the number? But were they to be numbred she would esteem them too few, and not answerable to the greatness of her zeal for souls.’ Ibid. pag. 374.

'Tis true, General Confessions were not so frequent heretofore, nor the progress of Re­ligion accounted to depend on them; but the Priests were imployed to prepare Penitents so well, and confirm them so solidly in the hatred of [...]in, and the love of obedience to the will of God, that they were not subject to relapse into former miscarriages, and the disorders commit­ted appeared like monsters rarely seen; but since these Fathers by acquaintance with these monsters have rendred them ordinary and fa­miliar, that their Penitents have so often need of General Confessions: 'Tis a clear evidence they confess not as they ought, but spend their [Page 136] time, and bestow their pains to no purpose. I could wish they would learn, that the end of Confession is to convert men at once, that they commit not the same offences again.

That there is no commerce between frequent C [...]m­munion and Vice.

‘To frequent the Sacraments is highly useful for all duties of Christianity: And you shall hardly find them defective in any part of Christian Righteousness, who often approach these fountains of vertue and salvation, or any publick licentiousness in a town where the frequent use of these mysteries hath been confirmed by a laudable custome: For what Commerce can there be between the Author of holiness and corruption of manners? What place is therefore the darkness of hell in those hearts that are irradiated by the eternal light? Therefore the Society having proposed for the end of her labours, to establish vertue, de­clare war against vice, and to serve the pub­lick, 'tis no marvel she commends to our greatest veneration the frequent use of the Eu­charist, as the Arsenal of the Christian Militia, the Soveraign Remedy against all maladies, and infallible comfort in the worst of mise­ries.’

[Page 137] You have heard already, and shall hear fur­ther in its proper place how the Iesuites to pro­mote their interest, and carry on their carnal designs, admit all persons without examination to the participation of the body of Iesus Christ.

Artifices of Devotion invented by the Society to draw the people on the three gaudy dayes, and the first dayes of the month to the Communion.

‘I shall produce here one only example of the Roman magnificence in the present year 1640. for we have certaine news that the brethren of our Congregation laid out nine thousand Florins on the solemnity of these three dayes to draw the minds of the people from profane licentiousness to the love of pie­ty. They [...] a great Machine in our Church of Farnese at Rome in honour of the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, the height was one hundred and twenty spans, the breadth was eighty; exquisitely embellished with curious Statues, Images, Histories and Emblems to the ravishment of the Spectators, the Church shining with extraordinary lustre, by the light of four thousand Flambeaus. The service was celebrated with so much pomp, and so delicious a consort of the Popes musick, that there wanted only the presence of the Pope, to make it the most Majestick sight on Earth. [Page 138] Alphonso Gonsague Arch-Bishop of Rhodes said Mass, seventeen Cardinals, and almost all the Prelates of the Court of Rome were present; five Cardinals more came in afterwards, all the Ambassadors of Kings and Princes, se­veral Religious Orders, and all the Arch-Fryaries of Rome. Lastly, during the three dayes such throngs of people flocked to the Communion, that instead of profane Bac­chanals they really kept a feast of Paradise.

Another Artifice of the Society for more frequent Communion was the invention of Communicating the first day of the month, which pleased Pope Paul the fifth so well, that he granted indulgencies there­upon, and by that bait of publick de [...]tion drew [...] great concourse of people to the Holy Table.

The Society rejoycing at the success, took the bold­ness to invite Cardinals to administer. [...] Sacr [...] ­ment, whereby the number of Communicants [...] greatly augmented, the people being ravished to re­ceive at the hands of so Illustrious Pers [...]ns the pledge of their Salvation: Five Cardinals did it, and at Rome at one day, and in one Church they comp [...] ­ed s [...]metimes sixteen thousand, sometimes twenty, and sometimes thirty thousand Communicants; and from thence this pi [...]us custome over-spread the whole Earth. So that at Lisbon in the Church belonging to the house of our Profession the Sacrament [...] administred to twenty five th [...]usand in one day, [...] six or seven in Brussels, and as many at Antwerp [Page 139] in one of those dayes, and bad our Churches been capable of more persons, the number of Communicants would have been greater.

General Reflections on all the extracts out of the Image of the first age.

THe Iesuites never spoke truer of themselves than when they assumed the title of The Pharisees of the New Law. And though they have been so vain as to attribute to themselves undue praises, they have this once declared so great a truth, that we may take them at their word. 'Tis the Spirit of Pharisaisme hath cau­sed them to write those great Volumes stuffed only with their praises, and to prove they are not as other men. Christ blamed the Pharisees of his time for affecting the chief places in As­semblies, and to be honoured as the principal Doctors and Guides of the people; The Ie­suites extol themselves above all Orders of Re­ligion, march still in the first rank, and call themselves masters of the world.

The ancient Pharisees took upon them to dis­pense with the principal Commandments of the Law, but are clearly out-done by their suc­cessors, the Pharisees of our time, for what have they left undone, to shew We are not obliged to Love God nor to give almes? And they that find [Page 140] most subtleties to dispense with good works, are in most esteem among them, and to this Banius Tambenius, [...]scobar and others owe their reputation.

Those holy men that went before them had no other secret for the conversion of men, than to preach Christ crucified, and to take off th [...] s [...]andal of the Cross by the practice of humility▪ But the prudence of these new Apostles con­sists in hiding from the people, they pretend to convert the folly of the Cross as may be one day proved more clearly than they are awar [...] of.

The first word of St. Iohn Baptist, of Chri [...] and his Apostles address to Sinners, was, Repen [...] But the Iesuites willing to spare all that is troublesome, and professing themselves com­plaisant, civil and gentle directors have foun [...] out a way to remit sins without obliging [...] a rude and harsh Repentance, and to make Con­fession so easie and pleasant, that the most cri­minal will not decline it, but run to't as willing­ly as they did to Sin, as themselves assure us When Confessors believed it a matter of dif­ficulty to leave ill habits, and that we [...] strive to enter in at the strait gate of Heave [...] they were not satisfied with words, without see­ing the fruits of a solid Repentance; so th [...] those who were inclined not to reform the [...] lives, nor to make restitution of ill gotten good [...] [Page 141] nor quit ill company, durst not present them­selves before the tribunal of the Church, whose severity they feared, which made true peni­tence rare even in the primitive times; a thing not easily performed, but difficult and toylsom. The same Fathers who taught us, That the life of Grace was freely received by us in Baptism, in­structed us also, That a Soul dead in sin is not easily revived, and that when we have made our selves slaves to the Devil▪ it is very hard to break his chains; when we have blinded our selves in follow­ing our lusts, we cannot without miracle come out of darkness, and return into the way of Iesus Christ. Lastly, St. Paul is bolder than we durst have been, when to shew how difficult it is for Sin­ners to return to God after their fall, he uses these terms in the Epistle to the Hebrews, Chap. 6. It is impossible for those who have been once enlight­ned, and tasted the good word of God, and the gift of the Holy Ghost, and the power of the life to come, if they fall away, to renew them again to repen­tance, seeing they crucifie the Son of God afresh. And Ch. 10. of the same Ep. v. 26. For if we sin wilfully after we have received the knowledge of the Truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin, &c. The reason why the Apostle made use of those vehement expressions, was his belief that he could not implant in Christians too great an Opinion of the difficulty to repent after falling into sin. But since it appears, that it is the [Page 142] great secret of the Iesuites policy, and the de­sign of their Casuists and Confessors to per­swade men that there is nothing easier than for the most hardned sinners to re-enter into Grace; I assure my self, that these modern directors of Conscience who guide men by new lights, ne­ver read those words of St. Paul, which con­demn their practices, but they say with their Father Adam, That this Apostle suffered himself to be transported by the heat of his Nature into strange expressions: And if they durst use lan­guage suitable to their practices, they would accuse all the ancient Fathers as too hard and morose, and applaud themselves for enlarging and making plain the wayes of Heaven, which from Iesus Christ to their time continued nar­row and rugged; in a word, whereas hereto­fore it was a rare thing to see a sinner Convert­ed, you may now see thousands in their Churches. Where there needs not such formality▪ so many tears, such [...]ighs and groans, and so much humiliations as in the Primitive Church. The danger is only that God changes not ac­cording to their fancies, but is as just, and as severe as ever: But this matters not with them whose design is to make good compositions with sinners, and [...]ell the blood of Iesus Chri [...] cheap, that their market may be quicker, and yield large returns of profit and advantage by the multitude of their customers. The Sinn [...] [Page 143] needs no more than tell his Confessor the story of his disorders, and he is presently capable of the greatest favours of the Church, and cleared of his sins without fear of an after clap.

When Bishops and Priests were not without difficulty induced to proceed to the reconciliati­on of Penitents to God, for fear of binding themselves in those sins, whereof they pretend­ed to loose others, whom it may be, the Sove­raign Judge had not absolved, sinners though reconciled, continued in fear and humiliation, having their sins ever before them, and after the practising of all sorts of good works, and submission to the rigour of Ecclesiastical Disci­pline, they were still afraid they had not satis­fied the Iustice of God. And that their sins were not so mortified, but that they might recover the dominion of their hearts to their eternal de­struction, and ceased not to charge themselves with sins of ignorance and infirmity, with omissions and neglects. But now as if the most hainous crimes were as inconsiderable as the lightest faults, and as easily pardoned as the smallest miscarriages, as if the maladies of the Soul were not difficult to cure, and as if God had for the future for ever remitted the severity of his judgement against sinners from the time they follow the advice of the Iesuites; the most wicked of men, the most dissolute wretches are no sooner absolved by these complaisant di­rectors, [Page 144] but their Consciences are in peace for all their past sins, though they are resolved to commit them again: These are the persons that make up these vast numbers which fill the Churches of the Jesuites, and swell the list of their Confessions. They are directors of all those Consciences which love not to hear any but pleasing Doctrines, who pretend con­descension to mens weaknesses and infirmiti [...]s, and never imploy the Knife and the Lance in the cure of their wounds.

This makes all those who cannot endure sound doctrine, but have itching desires to be flattered in their wayes, to have recourse to these Prophets of the last times, and having shut their ears against the truth, are by the just judgement of God given up to be seduced by fables, which serve only for their greater se­ducement and Depravation.

It may be said to the glory of the Society that they are Guides to an infinite number of persons, and with this advantage, that whereas St. Paul sayes, That not many wise men after the f [...]esh, not many mighty, not many Noble were called; these good Fathers have in their Church­es so many persons of greatest quality, so ma­ny rich, so many wise men after the flesh, that they have no room for the Common people, and ordinary men: And have made the wayes of repentance so smooth and easie, that the [Page 145] most tender and delicate sinners run thither with as much ardour and facility as they could possibly have done to their sins and dis­orders.

If you consider these Fathers as to worldly enjoyments, and weigh their condition in the balance of humane opinion, they have cause to be intirely satisfied with their Estate in the places where they reign, as having all the Grandeur of the World prostrate at their feet; but if you view them by the light of Faith, no­thing will appear so miserable as these blinde Guides, who lead the blind, and together with them fall into the ditch, and abyss of darkness. They have reason to fear, that God may re­quire at their hands the blood of an infinite number of Souls, who for want of repentance dye in their sins, whom they abused by hasty absolution, and covered their faults instead of curing them.

'Tis lamentable to observe, how sinners are daily confessed by these Ghostly Fathers, but never converted to newness of life, repenting every moment, but never truly, drawing nigh to God with their lips, but denying him in their hearts; becoming Proselytes to these new Phari [...]es, and thereby more the children of Hell than before. Tis true, they practise not these things alone, but this augments ra­ther than excuses their condemnation; as ha­ving [Page 146] drawn others to follow their courses, be­ing tempted to like Actions, in hopes of equal success, and as many disciples as the Iesuites had gained by their easie devotion; so that now there are Iesuites every where, and in all habits, and though they claim the honour of being the first Authors of Moralls which have quite overthrown those of the Church, there want not others who have imitated them in deceiving the world.

I remember, that on a Holiday, in a Church in Flanders, I saw a vast multitude of people thronging to Confession and the Sacrament: And soon after in discourse with one of these Fathers, I told him I was much edified at the Devotion of the people, and asked him whe­ther it was alwayes equal to what it appeared on the last Holiday: The Father assured me I had seen only what was usual and ordinary, that the people were very devout, and failed not to frequent the Sacrament often. But Sir, said I, to compleat my joy, give me leave to ask you whether all these persons that com­municate so often, do it with that piety and holiness the Greatness of these mysteries re­quires, whether they examine themselves se­riously before they approach the Holy Table, for fear of coming thither to condemnation, and eating there their eternall ruine: To speak plainly, is it probable, that all those who I see [Page 147] communicate every day in the week, do all lead an holy and innocent life, exempt from re­lapse into mortal sins, after their repentance, and in a word, are so holy as they ought to be who so often partake of those holy things?

I perceived I spake to this good Father in a Language he was not accustomed to hear; for being by this time sufficiently astonished, he told me I demanded too much, and what I re­quired was the highest perfection; that it was a rare thing to see men who fell not into mor­tal sins; but that those Communicants took care to confess without fail, as often as they fell:

What Sir, said I, those persons that fill your Churches are the same that after dinner people Taverns and Tipling-houses, Bowling-greens and Theatres, and other places of divertise­ment? Contrary to the Gospel, they serve two Masters, in the Morning Christ, and the rest of the day the Devil; if so, their Confession may in appearance bind the strong man of sin armed in their hearts, but do not you know, that when the House of our Soul hath been swept only by a servile and [...]ruitless Confes­sion, and not filled after with sincere com­punction, and garni [...]hed with good works, that strong man armed whom they fancyed bound and cast out, returns thither with seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and [Page 148] the last state of that man is worse than the first? The Good Father had not the patience to hear what I would have said, but speaking out of the abundance of his heart, Sir, said he, must we not save all the world? and if we cannot send sinners straight into Paradise, 'tis good to send them at least into Purgatory. The frailty and weakness of men is so great in these times, that to require great matters from them in duties of Religion, is to make them quit all; therefore as often as they fall into sin, we must not neglect to grant them absolution whenas they demand it, for as in their demand there is an appearance of their fear of damnation, that fear with Confession, are sufficient Grounds to give them absolution, nor can it be denyed them, according to the common opinion of the Casuists.

This Father could not have been more sur­prized at my Answer than I was at his reply, Repenting in a manner that I had engaged with a person of Principles so different from mine, that I foresaw it was impossible for us to agree; however I resolved to make good my ground, and one affault more to bring him to reason. Father, said I, I am amazed at your expressions; what agreement can there be be­tween your practice, and the Doctrine of the Fathers? They teach us, that to persist in the Commission of sin, for which we pretend to [Page 149] have repented, is not true repentance, but a mocking of God, that the Vicis [...]itude and Re­volution of sins, and Confessions succe [...]ding one another, is to turn and return in the wayes of the wicked, which certainly end in everlasting perdition.

I know, 'tis not strange, that men who sin naturaly, should be capable of falling into all kinds of disorders; but 'tis insupportable, to see them from whom [...]inne [...]s ought to receive light and instruction, to serve for nothing but to blinde them the more, and to put them out of that just fear they ought to have to approach Jesus Christ, without reforming their Lives. It was St. Augustines direction, that he only should partake of the body and blood of the Saviour of the world, who is already a part of his body by the union of Charity. St. Basil would have Communicants able to say with St. Paul, that it is not they that live, but Christ that lives in them. St. Francis de Sales, in this last Age advises none to a daily Communion, but such who not only never relapse into mortall sins, but have no affection for the most Venial. But by your practise, Father, these rules are exploded, for with you they are worthy to be Communicants as often as they confess, and to receive the bread of life, though their crimes live, and flou­rish in their hearts and their Actions. Thus Confession alone is sufficient to make them pass [Page 150] for Devout, and a life better regulated is an extraordinary sanctity, not proportioned to the frailty and infirmities of persons of this Age.

The Father impatient to give me the hear­ing, could not refrain from intterrupting me, to tell me, that they did no more than what Christ had allowed in the Gospel, for in St. Matthew, when Peter asked Christ how often he should forgive the sins of his Brother, the Saviour of the World made answer, Not seven times, but seventy times seven.

I was so moved at his producing so strange a proof, and vouching a Text so improper to confirm the Maxim he maintained, that I gave him not leisure to adde any more, but told him: Have you read that passage in the Go­spel? I doubt not but you have, but your de [...]ire to make it subservient to your purposes, and to apply it so as it may countenance your pra­ctises, hath made you forget part of it which renders it wholly useless for your designs. Per­mit me then to put you in minde, that there are in that passage these very words, Lord, how often shall my Brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Observe those words, Against me, which shew, that he treated only of particular offen­ces which our Brethren may have given us, but not of Crimes they commit against God. And the question is not touching the use of the [Page 151] Keys which Christ hath committed to the Pastors of the Church, but of that patience, that meek­ness and charity every particular person ought to have towards them that offend him. The Priests ought not to remit sins committed a­gainst God, but according to the Rules pre­scribed by God in the Sacred Canons, nor have any power, according to the Fathers, to unbind Lazarus, who is the type and figure of a Sinner, but after he hath been raised by Iesus Christ to new life: But as to offences which concern us particularly, Charity hath no bounds, but an in­dispensable command to love even our enemies, and what ill soever is done us we are obliged to overcome by pardon and forgiveness; not seven times only, but as often as the offence is reiterated: This is the meaning of the place, as all Commentators unanimously agree in the ex­plication, not one pretending that those words favour the facility of some Confessors in pronoun­cing absolution to Sinners as often as they please to demand it.

I thought sufficient had been said to con­vince and gain this good Father, but was de­ceived, and saw by experience, that he had a Spirit that was Reason-proof. And to be rid of me, he told me plainly, he little valued all the proofs I could bring, and that he would proceed as he was accustomed; this being a common practice, authorized by good Casuists, [Page 152] and should they attempt to do otherwise, Re­pentance would become an intollerable yoke, Confession forsaken, all the world forced away from the Altar, and Sinners despair; he should have added, that it would ruine many Sacred Communities which had no better means of sub­sistence than this easie absolution, and truly by the genius and countenance of the Father, I dis­covered that this last was the most prevalent ar­gument with him, and therefore resolved to hold my peace; for 'tis to no purpose to bring the most demonstrative evidences to undeceive a man whose perswasions are grounded in rea­sons of interest, unless you first cure the cove­rousness of his heart. We have no more to do upon these occasions, but to sigh, and pray God that he would effect what to us is intirely im­possible.

To return to the Iesuites, it must be confes­sed that they have been very prudent in the choyce of proper and successful means to com­pass their design of drawing after them a great number of people; they easily perceived, that had they exacted from Sinners the fruits of a solid repentance, intire self-denyal, reforma­tion of life, serious mortification of Vice, they could not have easily attained their ends, and that if they treated the Sinner that should come to them, according to the Rules of the Church, their Churches should never have been filled, nor [Page 153] their Confessors much imployed: But judging very wisely, that though they obliged not Sin­ners to put off the old man, they would be con­tent to put on the new, if they promised men Heaven for some petty works of no weight or difficulty; there could be no Sinner so hardned who would not be their proselyte on so good termes, and pay them to boot for the pains they should take to send him to Hell: This is the reason that moved them to pitch on these works of ostentation, and exhort all the peo­ple to communicate every day in the week, and to authorize their practice, pretend it was ap­proved by an Arch-Bishop of Valentia, in an As­sembly of Doctors, and that he Ordained It sh [...]uld be free for all the people to Communicate every day in the year, to see the vanity of their pretence of be­ing authorized by this Arch-Bishop; Observe, that it hath been ever allowed for persons truly ver­tuous to Communicate every day: But these are not the persons they understand in the Ordinance for being few in number, they could not be ex­pressed by the term of All the People: So that All the People, who, the Iesuites say have permission to Communicate every day in the week, are all kinds of persons, and the common sort of men who live in such a manner, that they are not worthy to Communicate once in their age, and never approach the Altar, but they abuse the facility of their Confessors, and make themselves guilty of a new crime.

[Page 154] But let the Iesuites say what they please it cannot be denied, but the face of affairs is the same it was before they appeared in the world, no less Simony and Usury, Injustice and Iniqui­ty, Impurity and Violence committed now than before: Tradesmen cheat as they were wont, Judges take bribes, Souldiers blaspheme and [...]ob as much as ever; that which the Iesuites have done, is, that men commit wickedness with ease, without fear or remorse, they make it a sport upon the credit of these Fathers, af­firming it easie to get pardon, and when they have chosen one of them for their Confessor, they find him so apt to condescend, so full of good words, and of so pleasing an h [...]mour, that, as themselves say, Sinners expiate their crimes with as much chearfulness and ardency, as they committed them; and in a moment become Saints worthy to receive the body of Christ as often as they please; but the mischief is, that their sanctity having cost little, it is but short lived, and their passions not mortified, present­ly produce the same disorders again: But these Fathers care not though the multitudes of peo­ple about their Altars dishonour Christ in pro­ [...]aning his body, provided they serve to pro­mote the Glory of the Society.

We read in Scripture, that though the man­ners of the Iews were extreamly corrupt, they ceased not to offer to God abundance of Sacri­fices, [Page 155] and were perswaded to it by the Priests, who valued not the loss of mens souls if they could but profit by the multitude of Oblations brought to the Temple: But these profane Sa­crifices instead of appeasing provoked the wrath of God, which makes him complain in the first Chapter of Isaiah, He was weary of their Offer­ings, and despised their Sacrifices, and that the bl [...]od of Bulls and of Goats c [...]uld not expi [...]e the sins in which they persisted, that the Oblations of the carnal people were vain, that he could not away with their Cerem [...]nies and Festival Dayes, that he hated their Assemblies, and would n [...]t hearken to their prayers who had wickedness in their hearts.

If God thus used the Iews who were subject to the Law of Moses, what [...] justice may we expect if we honour him only with our lips, and instead of a real and cordial Conversion [...] content our selves with an imaginary and super­ficial. I know the Iews Sacrifices were but gross shadows of the Sacrifice now in the Church; but if our hands and our hearts are no less defiled than the Iews, we are so much more worthy condemnation, as the sanctity of our Sa­crifice is greater than theirs; for God respects not the Sacrifice only, but the person that of­fers it; nor can we present him an Oblation so Holy that can appease his anger, while he sees abominations in our hearts, and crimes in our hands, and our souls unfit to be a sacrifice to him▪ [Page 156] he seeks Servants to worship him in Spirit and in Truth, not such as say only Lord, Lord, but such as do the will of his Heavenly Father.

I know there's nothing so Holy as the Sacra­ments, and that the Primitive Christians derived all their strength and their comfort from the continual use of the Eucharist; but we are not to think that we are therefore arrived to the per­fection of those Primitive Christians, because we imitate them in this particular; but that there is nothing will sooner draw upon us the anger of God, than to presume to feed on the bread of Angels, when we deserve not to gather the crums. This makes it appear strange, that these Fathers fear not to affirm, That they are seldome defective in any part of Christian Righteous­ness, who approach to the Sacraments, the fountains of vertue and salvation, that you cannot find any publick licentiousness in a Town where the frequent use of these misteries hath been confirmed by a lau­dable custome, because the Author of Salvation can have no commerce with vice, nor the darkness of Hell find any room in hearts so often irradiated by the E [...]ernal Light. 'Tis strange, I say, that these Fathers who pretend to be the Masters of Theo­logy speak so ignorantly of the most Comm [...]n T [...]u hes of the Faith, and are so blind as to take the Sacraments for vertues which cannot be abu­sed. Is it possible that they know not what the world is assured of, that there is an infinite [Page 157] number of Priests, Fryars and Persons of all sorts who are the more wicked the oftner they Com­municate, and serve themselves of that which is most Sacred in Religion, to cloke their Abomi­nations from the sight of the world? Can they be ignorant of this, that the reception of Christ in the Eucharist, though he be the true light doth only increase the blindness of those wretches, and render them more wicked and corrupt who presume to receive the fountain of purity without repenting for their sins? And that the Devil ceases not to continue master of their hearts who would seem to divide them be­tween God and the Prince of Darkness.

It may be admired, that they are so hot and intent upon the praise of their Society in the Image of their first Age, as not to remember what they chaunt every day of the Holy Communion in their Churches; Mors est malis, vita bonis, vide paris sump [...]ionis qu [...]m sit dispar exitus. 'Tis true, Christ is Life, but in the Eucharist he is not life to them who were not alive before, but a se­vere judge of them who being dead in sin, pre­sume to approach the Fountain of Life: So that there is great cause to bewail that all the refor­mation made by the Iesuites in the Church a­mounts only to the commission of an infinite number of sacrilegious Communions, filling their Churches with innumerable multitudes of persons who never part with their Confessors [Page 158] without absolution, what crimes soever they are guilty of, and as soon as confest, are held fit for the Altar.

I cannot forbear the relation of a story on this occasion, often told by a Iesuite with very great delight: This good Father acknow­ledged he had been much hindered from ad­mitting to Communion, a person so Cholerick and subject to blaspheme, that he could not go from the place of Confession to the Altar with­out falling into the same crimes, loosing in a moment all the fruit of his Confession, and wholly indisposing himself to receive the Eu­charist: The Father according to the custome of the Society, being more solicitous to make this man Communicate, than to cure him of so dangerous a malady, resolved to confess him at the foot of the Altar, and to administer the Sa­crament to him immediately after absolution. This rare expedient he afterwards mentioned as a most refined invention and quintescence of spirituality which he had brought into practice by the happiness of his conceit without a pre­sident.

How extravagant soever this conduct may be, 'tis certainly very proper for persons who serve their interest, and despise that of Christ. The more corrupt men are, the more they love to be flatter'd, and desire to be rid of that trouble and fear that are the natural compa­nions [Page 159] of crimes: And if they find such directors of Conscience as will assure them they are in the way to eternal beatitude, there's not a person amongst them so sensele [...]s as not to hold him­self indebted to so obliging Divinity, and to im­part their temporal goods unto them who are so liberal of those of God; and as the Casuists resolve, that the Fathers are not bound in duty to give, but may sell these things to their De­votes; so these cannot but make good payment for their gentleness, their condescendence, their lies and their cheats. Nor can it be doubted, but that the confessionals they multiply so care­fully in their Temples are so many little mines of Silver and Gold, for as they procure all conveniencies for their penitents, it cannot be supposed they forget themselves. And while others who have not the excellent address of these Fathers take great pains by serious exami­nation to dispose penitents to a sincere repen­tance, and a newness of life, these good Fathers are so dexterous and nimble, that they dispatch in a short time the most detestable and inveter­ate sinners. The most corrupt consciences which appear to others as an impenetrable a­byss, never stop their Carriere, who Can con­fess the Devil himself in less than a quarter of an [...], saith F. Grisiel.

If you examine their other practices of De­votion, you will find no lesse disorder than in [Page 160] their administration of the Sacraments of Pe­nance and the Eucharist; for proof whereof you need onely consider their Relations of the pomps and shows they fill their Churches withall, they make it their Glory to draw the people thither, by erecting machines which may render their industry admirable, and surprize the eyes of spectators. But in the mean time neglect their cures, and the Churches of other benefices they have usurped, though they for­get nothing to satisfie the most curious; their Altars are adorned with the most exquisite pi­cture and delicate sculptures, nothing appears but rich and magnificent, and all animated by Consorts of Musick that ravish the sense: So that the house of Prayer and Penitence, is con­verted into a place of pleasure and divertise­ment; and oftentimes they act their Tragedies and Comedies, and pass several dayes in most profane manner, though it must be confessed they forget not for all that to say Mass. The world knows how they profane the Chappel of the Colledge of Marmonsteir, which they had united to their Colledge at Paris. The Rector of the University was obliged to exhibit an in­formation against them upon his own view of the disorder, having found in one part of the Chappel a Haberdashers shop, and the rest full of Hey for the horses of a person of quality their Pensioner. Since that time I have seen [Page 161] men at work there to dress up a Theatre, and prepare Machines for a Ballad which we must have learnt in the Chappel, or gone all day in search of the Dancing Master who practised there only, and was not permitted to come into their Colledge for fear of disturbing their re­pose and troubling their exercises.

I know not whether they finde these means very proper to incline men to prayer, and in­spire them with compunction for their sinns; But to me who have not studied Divinity in their School, nothi [...]g appears so opposite to the Spirit of Christ, and the instructions he left us for prayer. For our Divine Master in the sixth of St. Matthew commands us when we would pray, to enter a private place and shut to the door, that we may be separated from the world, and appear only to God; which rule ought to be observed, as far as possibly it may in publick prayers, as we see many Religious Communities pray with the same sed [...]te and composed tranquility of mind in their Quires as they would in their private Chambers and Oratories, as being together but one body and one spirit: They chaunt so together that th [...]y make but one voice, and and hear not one ano­ther, but when it is necessary to continue the Chaunt, and to render their prayers more ef­ficacious by joyning with their brethren in sup­plication: Besides when they Chaunt, all their [Page 162] words are intelligible, that their thoughts may be imployed and taken up in attending the sense, and filled with the affections of David in the composure of the Psalms: Thus the Char­treus and other Orders of Religion retain­ing their primitive purity and simplicity of spirit, have nothing in their Churches to scatter and dissipate their thoughts and me­ditations, nothing to ravish their eyes and their eares, and to draw away their hearts from minding their devotions, to gaze on fine fights, and wander in vanities. The like may be ob­served in such of our Cathedrals, wherein ac­cording to the ancient simplicity, as there is no­thing wanting that may be necessary for the de­cent performance of the external worship of God, so we find not there such numbers of su­perfluous Ornaments that serve only to amuse grossie and carnal spirits and earthly dispositi­ons.

Such simplicity and modesty please not the Iesuites, they must have something to quicken the senses; and whereas Christ Commands us to offer our Prayers in the most private retire­ments of our houses, & from the bottom of our hearts to prevent the distractions of our straying and wanton senses; these Fathers invite us to enter their Churches, to see and hear thing to ravish our eyes and tickle our ears, but to empty our hearts of all affections of devotion, and [Page 163] render us incapable to pray with Reverence and Attention.

In the mean time they glory in their shame, and triumph in that which ought to be their confusion; they rejoyce in these practises for which they should mourn, and prove by ex­perience that men are so wretched, that there's nothing so ridiculous, nothing so contempti­ble but may serve to flatter the vanity of their humours, and raise up in their fancies moun­tains of pride.

Had we leisure to examine that intire Vo­lume composed by Alegambe, of the names of their Authors, it would be a fresh instance of their vanity and pride. Can any thing be more ridiculous than to amass an infinite number of names of pitifull Books, and more pitifull Au­thors, to make the world believe their Society is full of extraordinary men? What Glory was it for the company to have produced those in­numerable Casuists, who have corrupted all Christian Morality, and turned topsie turvy the Maxims of the Gospel, as Sam [...]ies, Tambou [...]in, Escobar, Castro Palao, Banny, Guimenius, &c? What glory to have produced Divin [...]s who have extolled themselves above the Fathers, and their Authority, to bring their own pro­fane and ridiculous Novelties in Credit, as Mo­lina, Poza, Garasse, &c. have done.

Is it not a shame, that they have permitted [Page 164] those scosting Companions, those ill-made Spirits of their Fathers, Binet, Monk, and Bar­ry; to write Books so intirely ridiculous?

Are they not struck with prodigious, and irrecoverable blindness, to boast of those works they have composed against the sacred persons of Kings and of Bishops, and to own those mischievous Books, which were published un­der feigned names, and deserved censure as soon as they came forth, as those of Seribanius, Smith, and Mariana?

Lastly, What reason have they to insert in the Catalogue of their Works those books they have stollen from others, whereof their Fa­ther Abbot and others have been often con­victed? But though this be common among these good Fathers, and every dayes practice, I will content my self at present with one ex­ample, by which it will appear, they spare not their best friends; but are ever ready to do them any injury which may afford them the least hope of Glory.

'Tis notorious to the world, that in the pro­cess they maintained against the University of Paris, M. De Monthelon, whose name is famcus in the Parliament of Paris, defended their Cause against M. De la Martiliere; and that this later having published his Argument in Print, M. De Monthelon published his also. There's no man but thinks it the misfortune, so good an [Page 165] Advocate to have undertaken so bad a Cause; but the misfortune was greater to have Clients so ingrate as the Iesuites proved to him. For is it not strange, these Fathers should envy their Advocate the glory of having defended them, and attribute the Argument he publish­ed, to their F. Cotton? and should have the boldness to do it in the life-time of M. de Mon­thelon, their Advocates Nephew, who can, when he pleases, convince them of falshood, by producing the Original of the Printed Argu­ment, all of his deceased Unkles hand-writing: That I may not be thought to impose on these Fathers, hear the very words of Alegambe the Iesuite, in his Bibliotheque of the Writers of their Society, pag. 379. col. 2. Where speaking of F. Cotton, he saith, Edidit Apologiam pro So­cietate contra Martellerum sub nomine Montolo [...]ii. He published an Apology for the Society, against Martellier, under the name of Monthe­lon: Certainly the Pharisees of the Old Law never did the like, nor were guilty of a vanity so malignant and Ridiculous.

Artifices and Violences of the Jesuites of Almaign to take from Religious Orders several consi­derable Abbyes and Priories.
Stories on this subject taken out of the Memorial of F. Paul William, Vicar Generall of the Order of Cluny:
Presented to the FRENCH Councell in 1654. Against the Rector of the three Colledges of Jesuites at Selestat, En [...]isheim, and Fribourg in Brisgau. OF The Three Priories in Alsatia, usurped by the Jesuites from the Order of St. Benedict. And First, Of the Priory of St. Valentine of Ruffach, taken away violently by vertue of Bulls against Bulls.

THe three Priories Conventuals of St. Va­lentine, St. Iames, and St. Morand, are of ancient foundation, between five and six hundred years standing, belonging to the Or­der of St. Benedict, and holding of France, though [Page 167] all three situate in Alsatia, and in the Diocese of Basil. The first stands in the Town of Ruf­fach, parcel of the temporalties of the Bishop of Strasbourg: the second in the Village of Veldbach, and the third neer the town of Alt­kirk in the Countrey, reunited to France by the Treaty of the peace of Allemaigne. The first depends on the Abby of Chesy, and the two last on that of Cluny, the full right of collating being in the Abbots, and preserved without interruption, and the Prioryes alwayes pos­sessed by Benedictines of the Nation of France.

The Priory of St. Valentine was founded about the eleventh Century, by two Monks of the Abby of Chesy, in the Diocese of Soissons, assisted by the Offerings and Libera­lities of the people, upon the occasion of the Great Miracles wrought by the Martyr Bishop of Soissons, when those Monks in their return from Pilgrimage to Rome arrived at Ruffach, enriched with his Reliques by hte Gift of the Abbot of St. Potentience of the same Order in the City of Rome, so that in a short time they built that Priory which continued alwayes in the possession of the Monks and Abbot of Chesy, though the Iesuites have not omitted any arti­fice from the beginning of their institution, to make themselves masters thereof, contrary to the Bulls of the Popes, Lucius and Alexander 3d, who excommunicated all those that should [Page 168] attempt any thing concerning the said Priory, in prejudice to the rights of the said Abbot and Monks: For after the year 1578. they procu­red and obtained from time to time Bulls upon Bulls, but so voyd and null they durst not pro­duce them: And in 1618. they huddled up all the nullities and obreptions of the precedent Bulls into one, suggested by them to have been obtained for the benefit of the Colledge of Se­lestat▪ founded some 3024. years before, wher [...] ­in▪ they set forth contrary to the truth that it was a simple Priory without a Convent, and aliened long since from the said Order with the usual formalities, and consent of all parties in­teressed. In pursuance of this Bull, these Fa­thers having by strange precipitation and ex­traordinary haste outed the Prior Nicolas Ver­dot Monk of Chesy, with unheard of vexati­ons possessed themselves timely of the said Priory in 1618. without any form of Justice, and▪ 18 years before the time prescribed by the pretended Bull, that is, before it became void by the death or cession of the said Prior, who was Canonically possessed of it ever since 1610. and never juridically deprived thereof.

Letters gained by surprize from the King, a [...]d [...] Mandamus from the Bishop of Strasbourg: The dependance of the three Priories.

This violent intru [...]ion, notwithstanding the Oppositions, complaints, Protestations and pur­suits of the said Prior, with the interposition of the Authority of the Crown of France, endu­red till God himself brought the remedy by a change of the State in 1634. when the Iesuits upon the arrival of the French Armies having quitted the Priory, the said Prior was re-esta­blished by his Majesties Authority, and dyed in peaceable possession thereof in 1636. where­upon Iames Boescot of the Order of St. Dennis, succe [...]ded him, and possessed it till 1644. though the Iesuites in 1638. had obtained Letters Patents from the said King, in Con­firmation of their right if any they had, which they got by surprize, upon false suggestions that the said Priory ever since 1578. had been Ca­nonically united to the Colledge of Selestat, which had not been founded before 1615, and that the said Verdot of Chesy, whom death had deprived of power to defend his Cause, had been an usurper, Intruder, and illegally possessed of the said Priory, as if he had been a Lutheran, seized of it by main force.

[Page 170] But the Letters Patents were of no use to the Iesuites; for Boescot seeing that the conti­nuance of the Warre in Germany, made the place not habitable, in the year 1644 resigned the said Priory into the hands of the Abbot of Chesy, who bestowed it on Paul William, a Fryer of the strict Observance of the Congregati­on on of S. Vanne, who by the Kings Order took possession thereof, and peaceably enjoyed it with those of his Order till the 2d, of Iune, 1651. on which day, in pursuance of a Man­damus issued from Archduke Leopold, Bishop and Lord of Strasbourg, under pretence of exe­cuting some Articles of the Treaty of peace, but really in breach thereof, the Arch-dukes Officers re-established there some Iesuites stran­gers, and by force and violence outed the said Prior and his Fryers of the reformed Order of St. Francis, notwithstanding all their oppositi­ons, Appeals and Protestations of force, which the said Officers refused to enter of Record among the Acts of their Courts, though it was afterwards granted them upon renewing their suit at Brisac.

Now these three Priories depending as to their spiritualty and right of Collation upon the Abbyes of Chesy and Cluny have ever been subject and answerable for their temporaltyes to the Archdukes Chamber of Iustice of Ensi­ [...]heim, belonging to the house of Austria, though [Page 171] this of St. Valentine be situate in the Territo­ries of the Bishop of Strasbourg; and that by the Treaty of Munster, in 1648. all the rights of the House of Austria, in the higher and lower Alsatia were granted in Soveraignty to the Crown of France, and consequently the said Priory being at present under the Juris­diction of the most Christian King, and his Ju­stice, to whom alone belongs the cognizance thereof, and the maintenance of the said Prior in his possession, it followes that the intrusion of the said Iesuites strangers into the place of the said Prior, outed without cause or lawfull Authority in 1651. is an unjust attempt against the tenor of the said Treaty of peace.

Nor is the Kings interest less engaged for keeping the two other Priories of St. Iames, and St. Morand, which the Iesuites would have taken away from the Order of Cluny, and consequently from France, to alien them to perpet [...]ity, and unite them to the Colledges of strangers, to the great prejudice of his Maje­sties Subjects, and the order of St. Benedict.

False suggestions to pope Gregory XIII. to ob­tain a Bull of Vnion of the said Priory: False Charge of Crimes on the Prior.

That it may the better appear, what artifi­c [...]s the said Fathers make use of, for want of [Page 172] right, to usurp the said Priories; observe that in 1578. Iohn Sancey being Prior of that of St. Valentin, they obtained from Popoe Gregory xiii. by the procurement and Authority of Iohn Bishop of Strasbourg, a Bull of Union of the said Priory, for founding a Colledge in the Town of Molsheim, and that they should en­joy it upon the first vacancy; upon the false suggestion that it was a Priory only without a Convent, without declaring that it depen­ded on France, and the Abby of Chesy, with­out an information Super commodo & incom­modo, of the convenience and inconvenience, which according to Custome ought regularly to have been first exhibited, without the con­sent of the Prior or his Convent, the Abbot of Chesy, the Bishop of the Diocese, or of the King, though all interessed partyes.

These Iesuites being otherwise sufficiently founded at Molsh [...]im, not knowing how to betake themselves to execute their Bull, so full of nullities, and void Clauses, left it dormant without the least mention 31 years, in which time two vacancies incurred, by the decease of Sancey in 1589. and of Adrian Verd [...]t his Suc­cessor in 1598. which they let pass without stirring at all, or giving the least notice or hint of their pretensions. So that the said Bull­by this means lay superannuate and useless.

At last in 1609. they pitched on an expe­dient [Page 173] very disagreeable to the Charity of Christians, which was, to charge with Crimes and infamous Calumnies Nicholas Terrastre, Successor to Adrian, that they might d [...]prive him of his Benefice, and make use of this third vacancy for Entry. They managed this busi­ness so dex [...]erously, that by false reports spread against Terrastre, the Matter was brought to that pass as to oblige the Officers of the Arch­dukes Chamber of Ens [...]sheim, to write about it, not to the Bishop of Strasbourg, nor the Dio­cesan, but to the Abbot of Chesy as the lawfull Collator, praying him to call back Terrastre, and provide another of his Monks to succeed in the Priory, for prevention of scandal: To give more credit to the Letter, they perswa­ded Nicholas Verdot one of the Monks of the said Abby, then resident in the Priory, to carry it, who inflamed with Ambition to succeed Ter­rastre, conveyed the Accusation against his Su­periour, who without other information was recalled, and Verd [...]t sent back Prior in his place: This serves to clear what we affirmed before, that this Priory is Conventual, and that neither the Bishop of Strasbourg, nor his Officers had ever Authority over it, or took cognizance of any cause that concerned it, But that the Ab­bot hath the Jurisdiction in the Spiritualty, and right of Collation, and disposing of the Fryars▪ as the Chamber of Ensisheim hath in the Tem­poralties.

Other Calumnies of the Iesuites. A feigned Semi­nary, false suggestions to Pope Paul the fifth, their Artifices, Avarice and Violences.

But providence permitted not their designs to have the desired success, for Verdot succeeding in the said Priory of St. Valentine filled the va­cancy; but could not escape drinking deep in the bitter cup of their calumnies, more black and infamous than those he carried against his Superiour, whose innocence being at last clear­ed and acknowledged, he was honoured with the dignity of Prior in the same Abby on which the Priory depends, where he died in peace eighty three years old: As for Verd [...]t he was hampered by the Iesuites as you shall hear here­after.

The Fathers of Molsheim, having in vain so­licited the Prior to a Cession with offers of a con­siderable Pension, perswaded Arch-Duke Leo­pold as Bishop of S [...]rasbourg, to demand the said Priory from the Pope, upon pretence he would bestow it [...]or endowment of a Seminary, (which was but imaginary) in the City of Stras­bourg for reducing the Hereticks there to the Catholick Faith, which was granted according­ly on this false suggestion, together with this also, that the Bull of union for the Colledge of Molsheim was still in force, for that there had [Page 175] happened no overture for the execution there­of, Neither Cession nor decease, notwithstanding the three vacancies aforesaid, and that the Re­ctor of the said Colledge consented to the dis [...]ni­on for so pious a work as the erecting of a Se­minary. Thus was Pope Paul the fifth surprized, who thought the said Rector the only party con­cerned.

This Bull was not more null and abusive than the execution wrongfull and injurious, for the Iesuites, concealing from the Arch-Duke their principal design to get the said Priory out of the hands of the Prior, to be applyed to another Col­ledge of theirs newly erected in a Pri [...]ry of the same Order, called St. Faithes of ten thousand Livers rent in the Town of Selestat, and be­sieging him daily with constant importunities perswaded him at last to molest poor Verdot as a criminal. A French man by birth, and conse­quently a stranger in that Countrey, to force him to resign and quit the said Priory for a Pen­sion, with threats, if he disputed it, to take it absolutely from him without any allowance to be made him: But Verdot unwilling to be a Traytor to his Abbot, and his Countrey by quit­ting his right notwithstanding the tempest raised against him by the Iesuites to serve their designs by a multitude of crimes, whereof they accused him, resolved to prevent ship-wrack by a prudent retreat, in hopes that time might pro­duce a calm.

Their Execu [...]ing a Sentence never given, informing of Crimes invented by themselves; procuring a gift to Arch-Duke Leopold of what belonged not to him. A new Bull.

But the Arch-Duke took the advantage by this occasion to seize the Priory without any process upon pretence of bestowing it on the feigned Seminary, and after endeavoured to ob­tain a sentence by the Authority of the Nun [...]io of Lucerne against the said Verdot; but the Nun­cio having caused an information to be drawn up against Verdot for those crimes invented by the Iesuites, could not find any ground for sen­tence of condemnation against him; so that he continued still titulary Prior, though outed un­justly.

His Adversaries afterwards acknowledged him the Legal Prior (and not an usurper as the Iesuites had injuriously calumniated in the let­ [...]ers-patents surreptitiously obtained in 1638.) the Arch-Duke ordering them to pay him an an­nual pension of one hundred and sixty Florins, which amount to about three hundred Levres, though he refused to accept it as a thing that might be prejudicial to his right, and involve him also in the guilt of Simony.

[Page 177] The Iesuites se [...]ing the affair pretty well dis­posed in order to the attaining of their design by the retreat of Verdot, threw off the vizard of their former pretences, and plainly discover­ing themselves to the Arch-Duke perswaded him to apply the said Priory to their Colledge of Selestat, for its better endowment, as if he had been absolute Master thereof; and Letters-Pa­tents were past to that effect 27 of Aug. 1616. without any mention made of the Prior, or the said Seminary which was meerly imaginary, and never had a being but in the projects of the I [...]sui [...]es, who knowing the nullity of this do­nation made against Law, and the right of se­veral persons, endeavoured to cov [...]r and sup­ply its defects, and to make sure their title by a new Bull in 1618, setting forth in their p [...]titi­on on to the Pope, that the Rector of their Chyme­rical Seminary freely yielded his consent to this donation or endowment, whereupon they ob­tained the Bull under the conditions and refer­vation following; Dummodo tempore datae prae­sentium non sit in [...] ali [...]ni jus spe [...]i [...]li [...]er quaesitum: i. e. Provided that at the time of the date of these presents, no person have any right there­to especially purchased, as Verdot had ever since 1610; and that only with this reservation an­nexed, s [...] tunc, vel cum primum [...] per ces­sum vel per d [...]c [...]ssum, i. e. in case it be then vacant, or as soon as the same shall be void by Cession or [Page 178] by decease, without any mention of the pre­tended donation from the Arch-Duke.

And though this Bull was absolutely void by reason of the false suggestions on which it was obtained yet by colour hereof the Iesuites hasti­ly took possession of the said Priory without any formality of law, eighteen years before the va­cancy incurred by the death of Verdot in 1636. These are the artifices, such are the titles the Iesuites make use of to rob France, the Order of St. Benedict, and the Abby of Ch [...]s [...]y of the Priory of St. Valentin: But 'tis no wonder the Iesuites have surprized the Holy See by these tricks, which are ordinary with them, since they have endeavoured after that to circumvent the Em­perour in a business of like nature, but far greater importance, as will appear by the story.

A notable fiction and imposture of the Iesuites, to take from the Order of the Cisteaux Monks, the Abby called Aula Regia.

During the last wars of Germany about 1644. the Iesuites of the Colledge of Prague remonstra­ted to his Imperial Majesty, that they wanted a house of Recreation to refresh their spirits in their vacations from publick imployments; and that there was a little Abby called Aula Regia belonging to the Order of the Cisteaux about a league from the City very convenient for that [Page 179] purpose, possessed by six Monks only, and they very ill livers, dissolute, and scandalous, neg­lecting Divine Service, and minding nothing but their divertisement in hunting, and other pastimes: Whereupon the Emperour was so far perswaded, that at last he deputed a Com­missary to put them into possession of the said Abby without requiring any further informa­tion. But the Commissary being arrived upon the place was not a little astonished to find there a good Abbot with threescore and one profest Monks, and thirteen Novices newly ini­tiated and entred in the Abby, living regularly and co [...]stant at Divine Service, at which he was present, as also at the Common Table of their Refectory, though the two Iesuites sen with him to take the possession would have per­swaded him, that they were but Countrey men in Monks habit▪ and stragling persons whom the Abbot had sent for, after he had an inkling of what should happen.

But the Abbot having justified the contrary by Authentick Acts of all their professions, the Commissary brought him to the Emperour, who upon his report sent back this worthy Ab­bot with honour into his Abby, whence the two Iesuites prudently retained there to attend the resolution of the Emperour were dismissed with shame and confusion.

Of the Priory of St. James of Veldbach, whereof the Iesuites became under-farmers to make them­selves Masters.

The Priory of St. Iames founded in 1144. at the Village of Veldbach by Frederick Count Fer­ [...]ette for the Order of St. Benedict, under the in­stitution of the Congregation of Cluny which [...]lourished then, hath been alwayes possessed without interruption, and now is possessed by the reformed Fryars of the said Order, the col­lation and provision reserved by express terms to the Abbot-General of the Order of Cluny: The last Prior Iohn Nie [...]lin deceased in 1637. succeeded in 1602. Claudius Dorez▪ Bishop of Lauzane, who had been possessed of the said Priory ever since 1567. But Nicolin by dispensa­tion in that behalf kept his residence in another Priory he had in Burg [...]gue, having Leased that of St. Iames to the Abbot, and Convent of Lucell [...] of the Order of the Cisteaux, neer the said Pri­ory of St. Iames, for the term of his life from 1628. on the same conditions he had granted it them for years in 1621. particularly that they should maintain the Fryars to celebrate Divine Service according to the obligation of the foun­dation and their profession, and should pay yearly to the said Prior six hundred Florins, and several other reservations specified in an instru­ment [Page 181] apart from the Grant; Whereupon the Records and Evidences of the Priory, the Church Ornaments, Plate, and other moveables of the house were consigned by inventory into the hands of the said Abbot and Convent who ac­quitted themselves of their Charge with great satisfaction to all, and performed their Con­ditions to the edifying of the Church. The Ie­suites were established at Ensisheim fifteen or six­teen years since by Arch-Duke Leopold, who had assigned them for their foundation three thou­sand Florins Annual Rent to be paid out of the Receipt of his Archiducal Chamber, over and above the Salaries of the ancient regents secu­lar, upon condition that they should maintain in their Colledge twenty two Iesuites; but they not content with this allowance, though more than sufficient, bethink themselves of an expe­dient to better their condition, but fatal to the Order of St. Benedict, and such as gave occasion to say of them what St. Paul said of himself, though in a different sense, I am made all things to all men, that I might gain the more; so they thrust themselves into all sorts of affairs, inter­meddle and undertake all manner of businesses, and act any part attended with profit. Who would have believed that these Fathers would have reduced themselves to the quality of un­der-farmers to get footing in Monasteries, and render themselves Masters thereof? Yet this [Page 182] was the practice of F. Anthony Weinhard Re­ctor of the said Colledge of Ensisheim since 1628; this was the course he took to rob the Order of Cluny of the said Priory of St. Iames, and some others of the same Order situate there­abouts, though it be a thing so contrary to the statutes of their Society, that it would appear a fable; but that the instrument under the signa­ture of the Rector, the seal of the Colledge, and confirmation of the Arch-Duke put it out of question.

This good Steward of the Society knowing that the Priory of St. Iames was set at a low rate, being really worth above three thousand Florins, by the Authority of Arch-Duke Leopold forced the said Abbot, and Convent of Lucelle without the knowledge of the absent Prior to assig [...] and make over the said Lease to him as Rector of the Colledge of the Iesuites, which was accordingly done with the same clauses and condi [...]ions that they enjoyed it; not for the better Celebration of Divine Service, which is no part of their profession; nor for adorning the Church, or maintaining the house in re­pair, for they have left both to decay and come to ruine; but on designe to make themselves Masters of the said Priory, and insensibly to de­face all memory thereof as appears by their proceedings; for as soon as the Iesuites had go [...] footing there, and constrained the poor [Page 183] Prior (by wayes so strange, that I dare not ex­press them) to consent to the assignment after three years contest, the Rector to prevent a Re­vocation of this extorted consent obtained the confirmation of the Arch-Duke upon a fraudu­lent request, setting forth quite contrary to the Truth, that the confirmation was desired for the Priors security, and to take away all um­brage and apprehension he might have of da­mage or inconvenience to ensue upon the as­signment to the prejudice of the Prior.

They expell the Fryars thence, pursue the Vnion at Rome of that and several other Benefices under the Name of the Arch-Duke whom they interessed therein. Their subtle [...]ies and violences.

Having fasten'd a hook in the jaws of the Prior, that he could not hinder them from en­joying the benefit of the assignment, the Re­ctor turns out all the Fryars of the Priory, the Prior not daring to resist or contradict him; so that the Priory stood abandoned, and the Divine Service supprest, as generally it is in all the Be­nefices wherein the Iesuites are installed.

Pursuant to this they wrought the Arch-Duke so fit for their designs, that he was perswaded for colouring their usurpation to write to Rome to obtain an Union for them, not only of the Priory of St. Iames, but of the Abby of Val-Dieu, [Page 184] the Priories of Froid [...]fontaine and St. Nicolas of the same Order, and the Commandery of St. Anthony of Isenheim without the consent or knowledge of the parties concerned, the Titu­lars or Collators of the said Benefices, and without shewing the estate or nature thereof, which they ought to have done before the pas­sing of the Grant: In the mean time they en­tertain the good Prior Nic [...]lin, with Letters of complement and counterfeit amity which may be produced. The better to induce the Arch-Duke to interpose and prosecute the business in their behalf, they propose an agreement some­what extraordinary, That every of the said five Benefices being respectively worth between two and three thousand Florins should yield the Arch-Duke five hundred Florins apiece, in deduction of so much of the three thousand Florins assigned them for their foundation. This was easily agreed to by the Arch-Duke (though he had no power to do it) and decreed they should enjoy them in Commendam during the dependance of the matter of the Union with charge to satisfie the obligations of the foun­dations, which was impossible for them by rea­son of the inconsistence and repugnancy of their institution and Rules with those of the founda­tions: By this means the Divine Se [...]vice and communities of five good Monasteries were sup­pr [...]ssed [...]o [...]ound a Colledge almost useless, as [Page 185] being environed on all sides with other Col­ledges more considerable, at Potentrut, Frib [...]urg, Selestat, M [...]lsheim and Haguen [...]u; so that they have in the said Colledge but forty or fifty Schollars in six Classes under three Regents.

But this design was not approved of by the Holy See, which refused the union, as appears by another letter of the Arch-Duke of Insp [...]uch, written to Rome Decemb. 9. 1651. on the same subject, and to as little purpose as the former; nevertheless these good sub-farmers, who fan­cied that the Arch-Dukes Authority would ne­ver fail them, and that the Scripture meant them, where 'tis said to the Iesuites, Every place you set your foot on shall be [...]o [...]rs, disposed of the Priory as their own.

In the mean time the Abbot of Cluny adver­tised of the death of Nicolin, bestowed the Pri [...] ­ry of St. Iames on a [...]ryar called Guill [...]t, who having taken possession by Atturney; d [...]signed to go in person to establish good Orders there, but both he and they who assisted in taking the possession were so frighted by the threats of the Iesuites, and all the Peasants of the village so deeply fined by the Sir Derlach at their instiga­tion for having suffered an entry to be made, that the Prior menaced with imprisonment durst not go further, but returned into France; So the Iesuites continued as farmers to usurp the mean profits, in hopes the Arch-Duke reco­vering [Page 186] his Estates by a treaty of peace, would maintain them by absolute Authority. But F. William established by the Prince of Conty, Vl [...]ar Generall of the Order of Cluny in Al­maigne, being provided of the said Priory 15 Iuly, 1651. by the single device of Guillott, and authorized by the Kings Letters addressed to the Governour of the Countrey, went upon the place, took possession thereof according to Custome, the 7 of September the same year, and established there a community of Reformed Fryars, having found the Priory abandoned, and almost all ruined, without a Curate, with­out Pr [...]est, without Fryar, as it had continued ever since the usurpation of the Iesuites, though the Church thereof was Parochial; All which he caused to be presented by Information at Law:

An Abby of St. Benedict coveted, and almost taken away by the Jesuites.

This Artifice of F. Weinhard hath no small relation and resemblance to another feat which one of his Brethren (whose name for some rea­sons shall be concealed) made use soon after against a good Abbot of the Order of St. Bene­dict, in Alm [...]igne, after the death of the Empe­rour Ferdinand the 2d. This Father went to the new Emperour, and informed him of a [Page 187] design he had to write the Life of the deceased Emperour Ferdinand the 2d his Father; but it was his desire to compose a piece worthy the subject, and for that purpose to retyre in­to some pleasant place, where he might have good Aire and refreshment, and named a fair Abby of the Order of St. Benedict, excellently seated, as a place fit for his designs. Which the Emperour approving of, gave him Letters of recommendation to the Abbot, who made him all the welcome and good entertainment imaginable while he sojourned there. The Iesuite was so taken with the pleasantness of the place, that he was enamoured of it, and resolved to begg it of the Emperour: To com­pass this design, he made it his business, not only to watch narrowly, and accurately ob­serve but amplifie the smallest defects and im­perfections of the Fryars, and having finished his double work, took his leave with all the marks of greatest satisfaction from the Abbot and Fryars, who believed their Guest would serve them for the future as a powerfull Advo­cate with the Emperour upon occasion: The Iesuite Arrived at Court, and having present­ed his Majesty the Book he had composed of the life of Ferdinand the 2d, told him with unparallel'd ingratitude, that he had been much deceived in the choyce he had made of the place to write in, for whereas he thought it a [Page 188] House of Religion, he found it a House of scandal and debauchery, and had seen exam­ples of a most dissolute life amongst men pro­fessing Religion, but having nothing of it but the habit. That his Majesty was obliged in Conscience to remedy it speedily. The good Emperour answering, that disorders must be reformed: The Iesuite replyed, that these dis­orders were arrived at such excess, that he saw no other remedy but a total expulsion of those debauched Monks; and that if his Majesty pleased to give the Society the management of it, such good Order should be taken that the Change would quickly appear. The Empe­rour taking this for a fit means to grati [...]ie and reward the work of this Author, granted his request: And it was resolved in Councel that all those Monks and their Abbot should avoid the place within eight dayes, and leave it to the Iesuites.

Another Abbot of the Order who by good Fortune was by the Councel immediately dis­patched an express to the poor Abbot, to ad­vertise him of the Resolution taken against him, The affair being communicated in the Chap­ter (as usual) it was concluded that the Abbot accompanyed with one of the ablest of his Monks should go to Court, to seek a remedy for this misfortune, and to prevent their total ruine. When they presented themselves to the [Page 189] Emperour, they found him so prepossess'd, that he presently rejected them, telling them his word was engaged, and he could not revoke it: The Abbot bethought himself of this Expedi­ent; he besought his Majesty to be graciously pleased, that he might at least defend his Cause by a publique dispute; which was granted him, and the dispute continued three dayes succes­sively. The Iesuite, who maintained the part of the Society, and flattered the Emperour by attributing to him a power he had not, to dis­pose at his pleasure of the Benefices of Ancient Orders, and change their Foundations, think­ing he had born away the Bell the two first dayes, grown insolent upon his pretended vi­ctory, the third day insulted over the Monk who accompanyed the Abbot, slighting him as a Cypher, and one that came thither only to fill up a room, or make up a number: The young Monk more able, as well as more mo­dest than the Iesuite, having on his Knees de­sired the Abbots blessing before he made his Defence, and received it, made it appear, that there is a time to be silent as well as to speak, and that as he knew the former, he was not ig­norant of the later: He began to repeat from one end to the other all that had been said, ob­jected, answered and replyed, on the one side and the other the two first dayes; and after that so refuted the seeming reasons of the Iesuit, [Page 190] that he taught him to hold his peace, having put him to the nonplus, and left him nothing to answer, and maintained the right of the Abby, with arguments so convincing, that the Abbot and he were by the Emperour sent back into their Abby, with the applause of the whole As­sembly.

The Priory of St. Morand, and two others usurp­ed by a shew of piety and surreptitious Bulls.

If the Rector of Ensisheim plaied his part well in gaining entry into the Priory of St. Iames of Veldbach, the Iesuites of Fribourg in Bresga [...] used no less artifice to seize that of St. Morand, while Alsatia was yet under the house of Au­stria; for though two onely of the Society were by the favour of the Arch-Duke introdu­ced there about 1623. under pretence of Cate­chising and hearing the confessions of the neigh­bourhood and Pilgrims frequent in that place, as if the Benedictines who then were there, whose names and surnames remain recorded in the information made thereupon had not been able to have performed it; yet these Iesuites did so ply the Officers at Rome, that they ob­tained secretly a Bull of Union in 1626. with­out the knowledge of the Benedictines▪ which they have not dared hitherto to produce, as being full of suggestions notoriously false, as [Page 191] That the said Priory was several years (they say eighty) forsaken and abandoned by the Prior and Monks, and without any Convent: That the build­ings were all gone to ruine; that the Revenue of the Benefice was very small, and that the Collation be­longed to the Arcb-Duke, which in every parti­cular are publickly known to be false; Besides, the pretended Bull hath an express Reservation, sine praejudicio alicujus; that the grant shall not operate to the prejudice of any, yet they forth­with expelled Peter Gaspard, and Peter Michael then Monks there, who retired into the Abby of St. Peter of the same Order in the black for­rest.

It appears clearly not only by the said infor­mation, but by the confession of the Iesuites in their memorials (though in other things in­jurious and di [...]amatory) that the said Priory of St. Morand is by foundation of the Order of Clu­ny and conven [...]ual, and that the collation there­of belongs to the General of the Order, as of all others that depend thereon; that it hath con­tinued alwayes conventual, and was actually possessed and served by the Benedictine Fryars without any reproach untill the intrusion of the Iesuites who expelled them: That the revenue they set forth at one hundred Ducats, exceeds eight hundred; that the buildings of the Priory, and particularly the Cloyster were intire and in good repair; and that these Fathers enemies to [Page 192] monastick regularity, to deface their power, all the marks thereof have on purpose pulled down the Cloyster, since their entry, and caused the materials to be carried to St. Vlrich, an­other Priory of the said Order about two leagues from thence, to repair it, and not far from a very rich Priory of St. Augustine called Ellenberg; which two last Priories situate in the Territories of France, the said Iesuites strangers of Fribourg are in possession of at this day with as little right as that of St. Morand; the last having been gi­ven them in reward for a Tragedy acted by them for that purpose before the Arch-Duke, wherein St. Augustine is introduced, complain­ing of the idleness and dissoluteness of those of his Order, and offering the said Priory of Igna­tius, whom they bring on the stage to accept it, after a thousand praises of their Society.

A deed of gift without right in favour of the Je­suites, who not able to keep the Priory carry a­way the moveables, evidences and ornaments.

Four years after they had surreptitiously ob­tained this Bull, and without consent of the parties concerned, and particularly of the Ge­neral of Cluny, to whom alone the collation did of full right belong, these Fathers finding their Bull was no assurance of it self, resolved to help it out by propping it with a deed of [Page 193] gift, which they easily procured from the Arch-Duke, though he had no right to make it other than usurped authority guided by their advice to dispose of the concerns of France; But be­ing their opinion, no person could be so hardy as to adventure the questioning of the palpable nu [...]lities of their Bull, when protected and sup­ported by a Soveraign Authority. And the Tra­gedy having been acted about the beginning of the Germane Wars, the Iesuites had a fair opportunity to keep the Priory in their hands during the troubles; but the Treaty of Peace being published in 1648. and the Countries of A [...]s [...]tia, and Sundriga [...] reunited to France; the Prince of Conty holding himself obliged to Re­take into his hands the Estates and Possessions usurped from his Order, and depending on his Abby of Cluny, and having received advice of the vacance of the said Priory at the Re-com­mendation of M. de la Barde the Kings Embas­sadour to the Swisses bestowed it in August, 1651. on Benedict, Schwaller a Fryar of the Or­der, and Doctor of the University of Paris; In pursuance whereof Schwaller by his Majesties Order took possession in the usual form, and Re-established there a Community of Fryars of his Order, according to the tenour of the said Treaty of Peace, ordaining, That Monasteries usurped from the Catholicks, whether by other Ca­tholicks or by [...]e [...]eticks, should be restored to [Page 194] those Orders from whom they were originally founded, and not to any other.

This hindred not the Iesuites to prevaricate, and by shifts and dodging tricks to keep the Prior four dayes in play, and in that time by night and by day to convey away all the Grain, Writings, Evidences, Church-Ornaments, and other moveables of the Priory, leaving nothing behind that could be carried away, though it was never theirs; after which to get some pre­tence for complaint, and to give out (as they have done) that they were driven away by force, they prevailed with the Sieur Beta Lord of Altkirk to send thither for Souldiers who ar­rived upon the place, and the Iesuites having made them drink after the Germane mode reti­red to Ellenberg.

Of the Abby of Nostre Dame des Ermites in Suis­serland, and the Jesuites entry thereby notori­ous falsi [...]ies.

Though the means used by the Iesuites to usurpe the Priory of St. Morand were unworthy of men of Religion and of Christians, yet those whereby they insinuated themselves into the Abby of Nostre Dame des Ermi [...]tes in Swizz [...]r­land are more base and villanous: The story is so common in that Countrey, that every one knows it. This Monastery is a stately Abby of [Page 195] the Order of St. Benedict, very famous, the best regulated, most reformed, and populous of all Germany, having ordinarily forty or fifty Monks all imployed and well skilled in the Sciences of Phylosophy, Theology, and Cases of Conscience, of good abilities of Preaching, Catechising and Con­f [...]ssion, which they exercise constantly, and the Di [...]ine Service performed to a perfection pro­portionable to the wishes of the most Devout: The Iesuites nevertheless took the same pre­tence of Preaching and Confession to get in thi­ther as at St. M [...]rands, with this difference, that at St. M [...]rands they made use of the secular Au­thority of the Arch-Duke onely, but for this Abby they had recourse to the Holy See, and sur­prized the Pope, informing him most falsly, that the Church of the said Abby, which is renown­ed for miracles and multitudes of Pilgrims, re­sorting thither from all parts to pay their vows to the Blessed Virgin was very ill served, the Pil­grims ill instructed, and little satisfied, and that it would be very expedient to settle there some persons capable to exercise this Holy Ministry, being almost incompatible with a monastick prof [...]ssion; and offering to sacrifice their per­sons to that Labour if his Holiness thought fit to imploy them. The Pope who discerned not the hooke hid under this fair pretence, dispatch­ed a Brieve to the Abbot, commanding him to receive into his house fix Fathers of the Iesuites [Page 196] capable and appointed to assist and ease the Fry­ars of his Order in that Holy Exercise, with Or­der to entertain them in all things according to their prof [...]ssion.

Though the Abbot received and made them welcome, yet he mistrusted them, and ap­prehended the danger he saw himself suddenly and unexpectedly fallen into: This made him Assemble from all the neighbouring places such persons both Religious and Secular, whom he accounted most Judicious, To consult with them how to secure himself against these dangerous spies; The Resolution was, That an ample information should be drawn up in good form of the state of the Abby, the imployment of the Monks, and Celebra­tion of Divine Service, and that it should be sent to the Pope, to dis-abuse and undeceive him, which was accordingly done: And the Pope thereupon immediately sent a second Brieve, in revocation of the former, commanding the Iesui [...]es to re­tire to their Colledges, and leave the Bene­dictines to continue their spiritual harvest in the fields of the Church.

C [...]rruption of Iudges by presen [...]s.

The Rector of the Iesuites of Fribourg resolv­ed to retain if possible the said Pr [...]ory of St. Mo­rand, bethought himself beforehand of means most unworthy a man of Religion, and a Chri­stian, [Page 197] to secure what he had unjustly obtained: To this purpose he was fully determined at what price soever to gain the Auditor-General being Soveraign Iudge at B [...]isach, to their side, and to corrupt him by bribery from doing Ju­stice to the adverse party, engaging him to his power to favour the usurpation of the Iesuites, never minding the scandal would be given this heretick, (being one of the subtlest amongst them) and to other men of Religion when it should appear, that a Rector of the Iesuites who would be thought the flower and cream of Christi [...]nity was guilty of an iniquity so h [...]mous, as to endeavour by presents to shake the con­stancy of a Iudge, and sway him from his duty who ought to be inflexible: But the Rector who valued not such considerations, made the Iudge a present of a Christal Vessel to oblige him to maintain them in their usurpation of St. Mo­rand: This is clear by a letter in Latine, the Original whereof was shortly after found in the said Monastery, signed by the Iesuite Gebhardus Deminger, and addressed to F. Gaspard Schiez, Rector of the Society of Iesus at St. Morand, dated Iuly 27. 1651. containing among others these express terms, as may appear by the whole letter intirely recited in the said memorial of Paul William, Viz. Heri & hodie rationes con­gessi, easque cras [...] Brisacum ipse feram. Et ut D. Aud [...]torem nobis faventem efficiam cry­stallinum [Page 198] mecum feram poculum decem ducatorum, affabre hic elaboratum, ad eundem nobis devincien­dum, i. e. Yesterday and this day I have collect­ed reasons, (for the strengthning of our Cause) which God willing to morrow I will carry to Brisach; and that we may have the Auditor our friend and oblige him to us, I shall present him a vessel of Chrystal of ten Ducates value, and cu­ [...]iously wrought.

In a word, this Lutheran Auditor to the ut­most of his Power, favoured the Iesuites in th [...]ir usurpation; but the Kings Orders, and the Ju­stice of the Benedictins Cause prevailed and ob­liged the Governour to perfer the interesses of the Crown of France to the pretensions of the Iesuites, and not permit the alienation of Mo­nasteries to the profit of strangers; so that they were forc'd to restore them to the antient and legal possessors.

Complaints grounded on lies; corrupting of witnes­ses; surprizing the King.

The Fathers were no sooner outed, but they repented their quitting their prey so easily, they made a great bustle, and spread their complaints every were, that they were expelled the Priory of St. Iames, and St. Morand by violence, and [...]orce of armes; they conveyed these complaints to the ears of the Emperour, and the Arch-Duke, [Page 199] and by their Pens to Cardinal Colonna Pro­tector at Rome of the nation of Almaigne, hav­ing a fit opportunity to send the letters by their Provincial Fr. Schorrer who was deputed to as­sist at the Election of their new General. At the same time they held an Assembly of several Rectors with their Secular Council at the vil­lage of Hirsingen, a league from St. Iames, and St. Morands, and having invited the Dean of the place to dinner, they presented him for the first course an Act to sign, dressed after their man­ner, to testifie that they had been expelled the said Priory of St. Morand injuriously and by violence: But the Dean being a man of ho­nour, and resolute, answered, He could not te­stifie a matter whereof he had no knowledge, and that the report was on the contrary, that they had desired the Souldiers to come, and made them drink deep to have some colour of saying, That the Soul­diers had forced them away, though no violence had been used. Whereupon the Assembly re­solved to make their address to the Apostolical Nuncio at Lucerne, to desire him to inform him­s [...]lf of the pretended violences, fancying that upon the rumours they had spread they should [...]ind persons enough to depose the fact they al­ledged, and that in the mean time their F. Grand­m [...]nt Rector of Fribourg in Swizzerland should carry their complaints to the Court of France. The information taken by the new Nuncio dis­covered [Page 200] nothing more than the fictions, the ar­ [...]i [...]ices and malignity of the Iesuites: But the voyage of F. Grandmont to Paris took effect, for having by the mediation of F. Paulin then con­fessor to the King, represented to his Majesty all the falsi [...]ies of advantage to their Cause, as that the Iesuites were expelled the said Priories unjustly and by force, contrary to the tenour of the Treaty of Peace, and in prejudice of the Canonical Union of the said Priories to their Colledges, they obtained Orders by surprize for their re-establishment without hearing the other side, in confidence to have them executed blindfold, and that if they were once establish­ed by the Authority of the King no man durst molest them for these two Priories, or that of St. Valentin, to which they would with equal bold­ness and falshood aver, that they had been re­stored in pursuance and execution of the Treaty of Peace.

The Jesuites [...] to the Pope, and Estates of the Empire to surprize them.

As soon as F. Grandmont had the Kings Let­ters, one for M. de la Barde Ambassadour in Swizzerland, and the other for M. de Charle­vois Commander at Bris [...]ch, he sent to F. Schor­rer the Provincial to supersede his demands from the Emperour, and Arch-Duke to the Pope, [Page 201] for that he had obtained letters from the King for their re-establishment in the Priories in que­stion: This appears by Cardinal Colonnas An­swer of the 5th March 1652. to the Letters of the Emperour and the Arch-Duke: But the Fa­ther, though he thought the Orders would be executed without taking any cognizance of the Cause was deceived in his account; for neither the Governour nor the Ambassadour judged it in their power to obey them for many reasons both of State and of Law; declaring frankly to the Iesuites that they were willing to serve them; and that the Letters were very good, but their Cause worth nothing.

This obliged the three Rectors to reassume their first course, and continue their pursuit in the Court of Rome by the favour of the Empe­rour, to procure from the Pope a confirmation of the Union of these three benefices artificially suggested in all their addresses: But the success here proved worse than in France: For the Pope judiciously refused it, telling them, that if they had such an Union as they pretended, they need­ed no confirmation, and to grant one were to derogate from the Authority of the Holy See.

To omit nothing that artifice or ambition could suggest, they had recourse at last to the Imperial Di [...]t at Ra [...]isbonne, where they made a great noise, complaining loudly, but [...]alily, that they were outed of the Priories of St. Mor [...]nd, [Page 202] and St. Iames against Right, and were trou­bled and disturbed in their possession of St. Va­lentines in prejudice of the Treaty of Peace, and the Canonical Union obtained from the Holy See. Endeavouring thus to engage the States of the Empire to re-establish them, or to break with France. But M. de Vautorce his Christian Majesties Ambassador in that Assembly, being well informed of the Truth, and of the Justice of the Benedictines Cause, inseparable from that of the Abbies of Cluny and Chesy, and the inter­ [...]sses of France, rendred these new attempts of the Iesuites ineffectual and vain.

Their recourse to Heretical Officers of War and of Iustice; their Calumnies and recommendations to promote their injustice.

They were not daunted for all this, but though their Cause was so unjust, that they fail­ed of their hopes in Germany, and in Italy, from the Emperour, the Apostolical Nuncio, and the Arch-Duke of Inspruch, they resolved to try the French King once more, and sollicited new Or­ders from him on the same suppositions they had procured the former: and because they could not incline the Si [...]urs De la Bard, and de Charl [...]vois to favour their injustice, they labour­ed with all their might to have these second Or­ders dispatched and directed to Major General [Page 203] Rose their particular friend, though an Here­tick, judging him proper for the execution they needed, having disposed him before by the great treats they had made him in their Col­ledge of Ensish [...]im, where they had lodged and entertained him with all Almaign Civilities in the beginning of the year 1652. the [...]rrain Troops being then in their winter quarters in A [...]s [...]ia: But they could never obtain at Paris the Orders they desired; this made them play other pranks to compass their designs.

They slandered F. Paul William the Benedi­ctine for defending himself against their unjust usurpations as a villain, a cheat and notorious impostor: These are the very terms in the La­tine Letter from the Rector of Fribourg to the Warden of the Capucines of Brisach dated Iuly 25. 1652. and inserted at large in the memo­rial abovementioned; By the same letter it ap­pears, that they procured from several persons of Quality their friends at Paris Letters of Re­commendation to Madam the Countess of H [...]r­c [...]ur, to M. the Count of Serny, and to the Ba­ron de Mele at Brisach to desire their favour for the Jesuites: But their Cause was generally judged so bad upon the place, that no person would be perswaded to undertake their d [...]nce except the Audit [...]r General, who not able to maintain them in possession of the P [...]iories of St. Iames, and St. M [...]rand, granted them a sequestra­tion [Page 204] in August 1652. without taking any cog­nizance of the Cause, without hearing or sum­moning the defendants, to the prejudice of the Suitors, and against the prohibitions of the Pri­vy Council, who had retained to themselves the whole cognizance of this affair.

Their Rapine and Dilapidation of Benefices.

By the favour of this Judge, and several ar­tifices, the Iesuites turned the deaf ear to the frequent demands made for restitution of the Deeds, Evidences, Reliques, Plate and Orna­ments they had carried away from the said Priories, though obliged to restore them not only in Conscience, but by an express Article of the treaty of Peace pag. 82. importing, That all Records and Wri [...]ings whatsoever, and other moveables found in the said place at the time of the possession taken, should be restored; so that their refusal obliged the Benedictines to commence new Suits, and obtain judgements against them for recovery of their goods.

That which is most lamentable, is, that while they were in possession of the three Priories of St. Iames, St. Morand, and St. Valentin they left nothing intire but what respect hindered them to demolish, or interest obliged them to preserve. And they who so often pretend (to the injury of others) that the Divine Service is [Page 205] ill managed or neglected, and object against the [...] great imperfections and disorders in their manners, as grounds for their usurpation, and account them Canonical Titles for intruding into the Rights of other men ought to have been confounded for these real enormities, which though committed by them, they have the impudence to own in the face of the world to the scandal of Christianity.

You have heard before, that upon their en­tring St. Morand they demolished the Cloyster, and caused the materials to be conveyed to St. Vlrich.

At St. Valentines, every one knows that they changed into a hey-house and stable for the Arch-Dukes horses, a fair and large Hospital magnificently built, and with extraordinary charge by D. Iohn Sancey the Benedictine Prior at the gate of the Monastery for receiving and lodging poor Pilgrims; and that they dissipated and imbezelled the Reliques, and a quantity of Plate and Ornaments which the Priors had pro­vided by their frugality.

But the Priory of St. Iames of Veldbach, though let them in good condition, and at a great undervalue in the Rent, fared worst of all, and was used with least respect as situate in a village where they held themselves at liberty to act those abuses which in Cities and great Towns they durst not attempt, for they not only [Page 206] permitted the Dormitory of the Fryars adjoyn­ing to the Church, and the Founders Chappel, beside the High Altar, to decay and run to ruine, but pulled down the Steeple, and threw great pieces of timber on the Founders Tombs, which were in the middle of the Quire, and by this Barbarisme broke all to pieces: Thus they demolished part, and spoyled the residue of this poor Church, that there was not left one ornament for saying Mass, of twelve they found there, which they carryed into Swizzer­land, with all the Plate of the Priory: And 'tis probable they had not spared the rest of the Church from utter destruction, but that it was Parochiall, which notwithstanding they le [...]t in extreme disorder.

Of the Priory of Maizere, of the Order of St. Be­nedict, changed into a Farm by the Jesuites.

What you have heard is no more than what their brethren of the Colledge of Porentr [...]t (who pretend no less Veneration for sacred places than the rest of the company) had given sufficient cause of credit and belief to, having three years before ruined the Church of ano­ther Priory of the same Order, called Maizere (formerly famous for Pilgrimage in the Coun­trey) to the great scandal of the Hereticks, who carefully maintain and preserve their Churches, [Page 207] and to the great regret of the Countrey adja­cent, who deplored the profanation, to see the materials of the House of God imployed to re­pair the houses, Barns and Stables of a Farmer, so that there remained no sign of a Priory, nor any thing else but a plain Farm.

Such is the condition to which the Iesuites reduce the benefices they usurp, whereof they consider nothing but the revenue, beginning alwayes as soon as they enter them to abolish the Divine Service, and all those marks which might make it appear, they once belonged to the ancient Orders of Religion, without any regard to the intention of the Founders, nor the Charges they imposed, which is the Iesui­tical way to promote the glory of God.

Their taking away Evidences and Registers.

Another Detriment and injury done by the Iesuites to these three Priories, for which the Priories were obliged to seek their remedy in the Great Councel, was their taking away the Evidences and Registers concerning the Rights and Revenues of these Monasteries, which the Iesuites could make no other use of, but to ac­commodate themselves in case of a re-entry there, which nothing but an unjust Ambition could give them any hopes of; or to deprive the right owners of the enjoyment of them, [Page 208] to which nothing but an extreme malignity could incline them; or lastly, to conceal and suppress some debts to which their Goods might be lyable, which though it denotes a malicious avarice, yet is not strange in the J [...] ­suites practice.

For the Iesuites of the Colledges of Novices at Nancy have 40 years since used the like pra­ctice against the Friars of Senon, of the Order of St. Benedict in Lorrain, when the Abbot of St. Vanne of Verdun having given them the Lord­ship of Barbonville, being a dependant on his Abby, charged with the ancient rent of 22 quarters of Corn to the Abby of Senon, they craftily embezled all the Evidences th [...]y could light on, that made mention of that duty; And when the Fryars of Senon sent to demand the Rent as accustomed, the Iesuites who thought all the Evidences that concerned that duty were safe in their hands, pretended ignorance, and refused payment, telling the demanders, th [...]y thought nothing due. A suit was thereupon commenced in the Councell of Lorrain, and the Fryars for want of their Evidences to make out their title, were cast. But some years after the reformation of the said Abby, the reformed Fryars made so diligent search, that they found three Registers wherein the said duty was charged, in pursuance whereof they brought a new Action, which the Iesuites stifly de­fended [Page 209] but the Registers being produced, they submitted to pay what they could no longer dispute.

The Iesuites proceeding in three several Tribunals, and three Distinct Countreyes at the same time, for the same Priories, and other petty foggeries.

We have cause to believe, that on the same d [...]sign the Rectors of the three Colledges of Selestat, Enssheim, and Fribourg, carryed away the Deeds and Evidences of the three Priories above-mentioned; And when the Priors of the Benedictines sought restitution by Law, it is incredible how many artifices and petty fogge­ryes they used to detain them.

To give an instance, when they saw them­selves pressed by the Benedictines to restore them, they procured a prohibition from the Privy councel, to prevent proceedings in the inferi­our Courts, interdicting the ordinary Judges the cognizance of the Cause: The Councell being thus intirely possessed of the Cause, at the instance of the Iesuites, the Prince of Conty, and the Abbot of Nesmond interposed in behalf of the Benedictines, the former as Generall of the Order of Cluny, the later as Abbot of Chesy and Collators of the Priories: The Iesuites hereupon fearing their success in the Councel, while the matter depended there, prosecuted [Page 210] the Benedictine Priors at the same time both at Rome and Brisach; and obtained of the Audi­tor Generall at Brisach, whom we spake of be­fore, a sequestration of the Priories of St. Iames and St. Morand, without any form of Justice, and without hearing or summoning the De­fendants. And at Rome they procured a Mo­nition to cite the Benedictines thither, with an Excommunication against all that should op­pose the execution of their Bull, which they durst never produce. And caused the Monition to be printed throughout: And the Benedictines of St. Morand to be cited by the Bishop of Basle, for which, as an injury and abuse, the Fryars were forced to make an Appeal.

In pursuance of this, they used all the tricks the spirit of Wrangling could invent in the most shifting petty-foggers, by delayes, by re­iterated defaults, new Assignations, contesting about the qualities of the parties, producing ridiculous, impertinent and insignificant mat­ters; falsities and manifest untruths; diffama­tory Libells; forged Letters; informations without date or subscription, and a thousand other devices, to be seen at large in the Me­moriall above-mentioned, which is therefore the more credible, for that upon the whole matter a notable Arrest was given in favour of the Benedictines, you shall see hereafter.

Bulls without president, and contrary to the Canons and Councels of the Church. An Arrest in fa­vour of the Benedictines against the Jesuites.

We must not forget some remarkable things to be observed in the Bulls the Iesuites obtain­ed for the three Priories spoken of before: for besides the false suggestions, nullities and ob­r [...]ptions whereof they were full, which incli­ned the Benedictines to procure and produce Duplicates thereof against the Iesuites, and be­sid [...]s the express provision in some of them, that they should not operate to the wrong or prejudice of any, they were most abusively and maliciously framed in two points: 1. In that contrary to all forms and presidents, they gave power to the Jesuites to take possession▪ of the said Benefices by their proper Authority, with­out observing the ordinary formalities requi­site in such cases, and that contrary to the Ca­nons and the Councels of Constance, of Late­ran of Chalcedon, and others, they made alie­nation of Estates without consent of the par­ties, united several Benefices situate in divers Dioceses, and suppressed Monasteries and Be­nefices Conventual, which ought to remain to perpetuity: 2. In that by an unparallel'd and unheard of abuse, they contained a Clause or­daining, that they should not be questioned for [Page 212] any nullity, obreption, or subreption, whereof they were full, Decernen [...]es easdem praesen [...]es nullo unquam tempore de subreptionis vel obrepti­onis a [...]t nullitatis vi [...]io A [...]gui seu notari: which takes away all cause of wond [...]r why the Je­suites were alwayes loth to produce them, as knowing they could serve for nothing more than to discover their Artifices and Deceits, the clearer, though notorious enough to the world already, upon other occasions.

And now, none can think it strange that after so many shifts and tricks of petty fogge­ry, they were at last wholly defeated, and for ever debarred of their pretensions to the Prio­ries in question, by Arrest of the Kings Councel, the Judi [...]ial part whereof, and the sentence is here transcribed, but the proceedings purpose­ly omitted, for that they are herein before suc­cinctly reported, and may be seen at large in the Printed Memoriall we mentioned often.

The Arrest of the Privy Councell.

THe King in his Councel giving Judgement, and doing right in the said Cause, hath main­tained and kept, and doth maintain and keep the said Fryar Paul William in the possession and en­joyment of the said Priories of St. Valentine of Ruffach, and St. James of Veldbach, and the said Fryar Benedict Schwaller in the possession [Page 213] and enjoyment of the said Priory of St. Morand: Forbidding and pr [...]hibiting the Demandants (the Jesuites) and all others to trouble or m [...]lest them in this behalf, and ordering the Sequestrators to deli­ver the possession into the hands of the said William.

And having done right upon the demands re­spectively made by the said parties for restitution of the Re [...]iques, Ornaments, Evidences, Moveables, and other things that were heretofore in the said Priories, hath ordained and ordains, that the par­ties within two months joyn issue in the same, and d [...]bate t [...]em at large, before the Sieur De Baussan Intendant in the Countrey of Alsatia, and that the said Sieur De Baussan shall assist and further the execution of this Arrest, which shall be executed not­withstanding any opp [...]sition or Appeals whatsoever. Yet so as the said Appeals shall not be barred or pre­judiced hereby, but in the mean time the parties are to proceed to executi [...]n, which shall not be de­layed by ver [...]ue or colour of any Appeal whatsoever. And his Majesty reserves unto himself and his Councell, the cognizance and de [...]er [...]ination of any Appeal that shall or may happen to be made in this [...]ause, which Appeal shall be proceeded in summarily without the [...]sual formality of Suits.

Examined, Signed, De Moris.

OTHER Historical Passages AND Relations of the Artifices and Violences of the Jesuites of Almaigne in taking away several Ab­bies from the Orders of St. Benedict, and the Cisteaux monks.
Collected out of the Books of the Famous F. Hay, a Benedictine of Almaigne, the one called AS­TRUM INEXTINCTUM, Printed in 1636. and the other HORTUS CRU­SIANUS, Printed at Frankfort in 1658. and Printed also within these ten years with all their Qu [...]tations, in France in 4to, and at Co­logne in 8vo in 1659.

A notable imposture of F. Lamorman the Jesuite, Confesser to the Emperour of the Vsurpa [...]ion of Abbies.

THE Emperour Ferdinand the second, ha­ving had great advantages over the Pro­testants [Page 215] of Germany after the rising in Bohemia, and the battel of Prague, which he won against them, by a General Edict of the 6th of March 1629. ordained, That all the Abbies, and other E [...]tates Ecclesiastical which had been usurped from the Catholicks by the Protestants against the Arti­cles of the Treaty of Passau in 1552. should be re­stored to those to whom they belonged according to their founda [...]ions. In pursuance of which Edict he sent Commissioners throughout the Empire to see it executed, and published other particu­lar Edicts in favour of St. Benedict the Cisteaux, and others.

As there's nothing more just than to restore every one what belongs to him, so this Edict of the Emperour was highly approved by the Pope who writ an express Brief to the Emperour, To te [...]tifie his joy, and that of the whole Consistory of Cardinalls for this re-establishment of the Clergy, and the Fryars in their estates.

The Emperour at the same time writ to his Ambassadour at Rome the Prince of Savelli the 14th of April 1629. the reasons of his Edict, which were, That he was of opinion he could not have done any thing more profitable, and conducing to the good of Religion in Almaigne, then to take such course that the Religious Orders might flourish again, which had been heretofore the firm pillars thereof: that pursuant to this design he had order­ed by his Authority. Imperial, that the Abbies, and [Page 216] other places Consecrate to Religion, which had been profaned by the iniquity of the times, or converted to other uses should be restored every one to the Order to which they belonged, as being Consecrate thereto from their first foundation, and not to another. He sent him afterwards a more ample instruction of the 25 of Octob. the same year wherein he gives six principal reasons of his Edict.

The Iesuites extremely nettled and perplex­ed, that they had no share in this restitution to the Ancient Orders, consulted among them­selves how to enrich their Society with other mens Estates, and take from the Proprietors some of these Abbyes: To effect this, they make use, according to their custom, of the credit their Father Lancorman had in the Court of the Emperour Ferdinand the 2d, whose Confessor he was. This I [...]suite, animated by his Brethren, made great instance to two Ab­bots, the one of St. Benedict, and the other of the Cisteaux, Deputed by their Orders to hasten the Execution of the Emperours Edict, and was very importunate with them to quit unto the Society all the Nunneries to be restored by the Protestants, and some of the less conside­rable Abbies: These Abbots who had no pow­er to consent to so unjust and extraordinary a demand against their Conscience, r [...]turned him Answer in generall words of C [...]mplement, that they were ready to serve him in any thing [Page 217] but what concerned the interest of their Or­ders: F. Lamormam seeing them leave the Court, presently suggested to his friends, and gave out in Speeches, That these two Abbots had made a voluntary Cession of several Ab­bies to the Society: And on this fiction, (whereof he was afterwards convicted by pub­lick and authentick Acts) he grounded a Me­morial, which he presented to the Emperour, desiring that in pursuance of the voluntary Cession of these two Abbots, his Imperial Ma­jesty would send Commissioners into several Provinces of the Empire, to put the Society in possession of those Abbies. Having by this means surprized the good Prince and his Coun­cell who took this Imposture for truth, they obtained Letters addressed to the Commissa­ries Generall of the Circles, to three Provin­cials of the Society, and to the Generals of the Imperial Army, the Duke of Friesland, and Count Tilly, forthwith to sequester the said Abbies.

All the world was astonished, sayes learned F. H, at this sudden and unjust Change of the Emperours former Orders, not knowing what cause could possibly incline this Prince to R [...]voke so soon his publick Edict for resti­tution of these Abbies to the ancient Orders, which had been so highly commended by the Ho [...]y See; and to out men of Religion of their [Page 218] Estates, unheard▪ against the Law of Nations, and common right.

But the Iesuites raised a report, that this Change proceeded from the voluntary Cession the two Abbots had made of their Abbies in the name of their Orders▪ So that the two Abbots were obliged to make a solemn prote­station, against this notorious falshood, both by Letters to the Confessor, and by publick Acts, insisting that they had not so much as thought of a promise to consent to the transla­tion of their Abbyes to the Iesuites, nor had any power so to do. And a famous Benedictine, who was of the Emperours Councell, and crea­ted at that time Bishop and Prince of Vienna, being brought in as a witness by F. Lamorm [...]n, declared the quite contrary to what the Ie­suites alleadged, as appears by a writing re­ported by F. Hay.

The Iesuites Writings, their Intrigues at Rome, their Confidence to d [...]cry the Edict and Coun­cel of the Emperour.

The common experience, that the Iesui [...]es once engaged in a lye, will not easily unsay it, was con [...]rmed by an instance in the p [...]esent affair; [...]or all these Acts and solemn protesta­tions could not hinder them from continuing the spreading of this Imp [...]sture, even by Print­ed [Page 219] books. But seeing their fictions and falsi­ties discovered, they resolved for maintaining their unjust usurpation, openly to confront and attaque the Edict of the Emperour, and the right of the ancient Orders: This they did by two Writings, wherein the Emperours in­structions to his Ambassadour at Rome, suitable to his Edict executed already in several Ab­byes, whereof the Monks of the Order of St. Benedict, and others were in possession, were censured and dishonoured, as containing Things contrary to Truth, the holy Canons, and Immuni­tyes Ecclesiastical, and the Emperour himself charged to have exceeded his power in the re­stitution of these Abbyes to their ancient Or­ders. But seeing that all the Ministers of State of the Emperours Councel had discovered the arti­fice of the Confessor, and opposed their unjust pretensions, they changed the Scene, and plyed amain their intrigues at Rome, and besides their private solicitations published a Book entituled, Remarques in the Cause of Estates Ecclesiastical, and Monasteries supprest in Almaigne: And though F. Layman their Casuist at Dilingue justifies and highly commends this book, call­ing the Author, An illustrious person, and [...] Divine well informed of the affairs of Almaign, though he durst not own him a Iesuite; yet 'tis incredible how it slanders and vilifies the Ministers of State of the Councel Imperiall, [Page 220] what odium it casts on them, as having at­tempted against the Ponti [...]ical Authority by the restitution of these Abbyes to the lawfull owners: For (saith the Author) you are to ob­serve first of all, that the design of the Councel Im­perial is absolutely to debarr the Pope from [...]a­ving any part in the r [...]stituti [...]n of the Catholique Religion in Almaigne: This is evident, in that the Emperour published his Edict f [...]r restitution of Ecclesi [...]stical Estates, without acquainting the Pope, or taking his advice to whom to restore them. This Councel tends not only to exclude the P [...]pe from the Re-establishment, but to shake off the yoke of the Apostolick Iurisdiction throughout the Empire: And the reason why this Councel doth with so much [...]emerity and imp [...]e [...]y attaque the Holy See, is that there are in it some persons ill affected to the Ap [...]stolical Chaire, some who as m [...]er Politiques, to ingratiate themselves with their Prince by flat­tery, labour the exaltation of his Authority in all things; And some perhaps who under a Vizard of Catholique profession are Hereticks in their hearts: And as for the Abbot of the Monastery of Cre­mounster, of the Order of St. Benedict, and of [...]he said Councel, he is a man full of pride: Who nevertheless for his merits and suff [...]ciency was soon after promoted to the Dignity of Prince and Bishop of Vienna.

See here, how the Councel Imperial by a sudden Metamorphosis is from Catholick turn­ed [Page 221] Schismatick, and an enemy to the Holy See, as soon as the Jesuites have discovered that Justice had a stronger influence over the spirits of these Ministers of State to maintain what the Emperour had so religiously ordained by his Edict than their Solicitations for accom­modating themselves with other mens Estates.

Two books were about the same time pu­blished in defence of the rights of the Anci­ent Orders; whereupon the Jesuites gave charge to their F. Laym [...]n, who had former­ly written a book on this subject, intituled Placida Disceptatio, to imploy his pen against the two Books, and handle them (which he did) as infamous Libels; Because the Authors approved not of the Jesuites intentions to take away the Abbyes from the ancient Orders, but had refuted those injurious suggestions and falsities they made use of to that purpose; and because the Jesuites would have usurped other mens Estates, without incurring the infamy in­separable from an usurpation so unjust, and so violent as theirs: The Jesuite entitles his book, The just Defence of his H [...]liness the Pope of Rome, His Imperial Majesty, the Cardinals of the holy Roman Church, the Bishops, Princes, and others, and also, Of the little Society of Iesus: This the learned and pious Benedictine F. Hay, shew▪ by an excellent book intituled, A [...]trum inextinctum, which he opposed to that of the [Page 222] Jesuite, to be the most shameful illusion and mockery that ever appeared; for that instead of defending these powers it formally questions, and opposes an Imperial Edict approved by the Pope, and Colledge of Cardinals by an express Brief, as well as by all the Bishops, Princes of Almaigne. And that the thing he really main­tained, though very weakly, was the Little So­ [...]iety of Iesus, which he represented as so great and necessary for the Church, that he feared not to affirm, That God had not sufficien [...]ly provi­ded for the Chruch, if having established all other Orders of Religion, theirs onely had been want­ing.

1. Imposture of the Iesuites, that these Abbies wer [...] supprest.

'Tis incredible what artifices they made use of in these Books to maintain a pretention most [...]njust, and most unworthy men professing Reli­gion.

I. They would have made the Pope believe, That all those Abbies were supprest; and that the E [...]tates were vacant, i. e. such as [...]ad no owner. That the Emperour or Pope might dispose of them at their pleasure; Declaring, sometimes that it belonged to the Emperour to give them with the approbation of the Pope, and some­times that it belonged only to the Pope to be­stow [Page 223] them as devolved to him by a special and particular right, upon design, that of these two Powers that should be adjudged to have most right, which they by their▪ intrig [...]es and insi­nuations should render most inclinable to give them these Abbies.

But this erroneous illusion was folidly refuted as contrary to the Laws Civil and Canon by the Benedectins, who justified by the Authority of the Ecclesiastical Laws, and by presidents both ancient and modern of above thirty fa­mous Abbies, as that of Mount-Cassin, S. Ma [...] in Anjou, and others, that Abbies possessed and destroyed by forraign enemies when recovered, were alwayes restored to their proper Orders. That it was an unheard of pretence, that the sole-violence of the hereticks founded only on the force of Armes should operate so as to cause these Abbies to be adjugded supprest; and that it would appear very unjust, if re-entring their Abbies they might not of right say with the Maccab [...]es; We have not possessed our selves of a strange land, nor are we entred upon the Estates of others; but by the benefit of the Revolution of time, we resume the possession of the heritage of our Fa­thers, which hath for sometime been inju [...]tly [...]surped by our Enemies.

2. and 3. Impostures; That it was an abuse▪ and not within their power who did it, to restore these Abbies to the Fr [...]ars.

Though these Abbies had been adjudged to the Religious Orders by an arrest of the Court Imperial of Spire, and the Edict of the Em­perour approved by the Pope; yet these good Fathers who stick not to exalt themselves above the Emperour and the Pope had the boldness to publish in print, That this affair was of the num­ber of [...]hose, whereof we are to say, that they pass only by way of sufferance and tollera [...]ion, which if weighed in the ballances of judgement are incon­sistent with the Rules of Iustice; whereby they would impose on us a belief, that the re-esta­blishment of the Fryars in their Abbies, that is, the plain [...]xecution of the Laws of Nations and Nature was an intollerable abuse; and that on the contrary the most unjust usurpation of other Mens Estates, which the Iesuites in their hopes had already devoured was pure justice, and most unquestionable right.

But there's nothing of greater wonder than the extravagant Answers they made to the in­vincible Arguments and Reasons of the Fryars. In vain did the Benedictines object to them the [...]xpress terms of the Emperours Edict, and the Orders he had sent his Commissaries General [Page 225] for execution, viz. Our pleasure is, that the Ab­bies possessed against the Treaty of Passau, and the Peace for regulating the state of Religion, which have been to this time unjustly detained, be surren­dred and restored by vertue of this our Edict Impe­rial, to such persons of the Religi [...]us Orders to whom they belonged, b [...]fore the said unjust detenti [...] ▪ for the Jesuites with an unconceivable boldness made a [...] ­swer, that there was not one word to be found in his Imperial Majesties Edict, which imported th [...] the Abbies ought to be rest [...]red to the Orders for which they had been f [...]unded; and to main [...] this false and strange assertion, they [...] themselves of a gross illusion, which t [...]nds only to make the Emperours Edict ridiculous, [...] (say they) the pleasure of this Prince was, tha [...] restitution should be made of the Abbies to the sam [...] individual persons to whom they belonged before the [...] were possessed by the Lutherans, which is in effect, That the Emperour had sent his Commissari [...]s to make restitution of the Abbies, to persons dead and interred forty or fifty years before, and not to the Religious Orders, which in that they never dye were capable of the benefit of th [...] pious intentions of the Emperour.

4. and 5. Impostures; That the Jesuites were per­sons proper to possess the Abbies, and comprehend­ed under the name of Monks.

In vain did the Benedictines object against them, That the Emperour had expresly Ordained by his Edict, that the foundations of Abbies should be preserved, and the vacancies filled with persons proper according to the rules of the foundation, duly called, and fitly qualified according to law; for the Jesuites answered, That it was true, but it could not be proved, that the Fathers of the Socie [...]y were not persons duly called, and legally qualified, according to the foundations of these Abbies given them by the Pope with his Imperial Majesties Con­sent; That is as F. Hay doth elegantly expound it, That these Abbies founded for the Order of St. Benedict six or seven hundred years before there were Jesuites in the world were founded, for the F [...] ­thers of the Society of Iesus.

In vain did the Benedictines object, That these Abbies had been established for M [...]nks and Fryars, and that it was Ordained by the Canon-law, That Monasteries should continue Monasteries to per­pe [...]uity, for the Jesuites answered, That in mat­ters of favourable construction (such as tended to the enriching themselves with the Estates of the Manasteries) the Je [...]uites were comprehended under the name of Monks: To which the Be­nedictines [Page 227] replyed, That it was pleasan [...] to con­sider, that the Jesuites who on all other occasions express so great aversness from the name of Monks, are very willing to be called Monks, when it may serve to introduce them into the inheri­tance of Monks.

And 'tis fit to observe here, that the Iesuites brand Au [...]elius with errour for alledging, that a Monk, and a person of a Religious Order are convertible terms, and denote the same thing: so in France, when there is nothing to be got by assuming the name of Monks, 'tis an errour that deserves censure to call a Iesuite Monk; but in Almaigne where there a [...] Abbies to be taken from Monks and given to Iesuites if qualified as M [...]nks, it is an errour that deserves censure, not to take a Iesuite to be a M [...]k. [...] [...]

6. Imposture; That the Pope hath an extraordinary power to derogate from any thing not favourable to the Iesuites.

In vain did the Frya [...]s object, That the Popes by their [...]gr [...]ements [...]ith the Germane Nation had obliged themselves to preserve every man in his rights and estates▪ And that Filiutius of their Society had written, That the Pope not only by his Office, but by [...]on [...]ract imployed between him and those wh [...] give Est [...]es to the Church is obliged by the Divine and Nalu [...]al Law [...]o preserv [...] them for those wh [...] le­gally [Page 228] possess them, and that the contrary cannot [...] done without injury to the Founders, and the suc­cessors of the Fryars of the Order in c [...]using them to lose their Estate and their Honour. For the Ie­suites who never think themselves hu [...]t by any objection from the Law Natural or Divine, helped themselves out by this neat distinction; They confess the Power of the Pope is limited by particular Concordates and Agreements of Na­tions, which have the force of Bargains and Contracts; So that the Pope himself is obliged to perform them according to the Law of Na­tions; But they add, That this is to be under­stood, that the Pope cannot Ordinarily derogate from these Concordates or Agreements but may do it Extraordinarily for the publick good of the Church when necessity requires it; that is, when they are imployed about establishing rich Col­ledges for the Society; for they pretend to ex­press terms, ‘That nothing can conduce more for the Re-establishment of the Cat [...]ilick Faith, than to bestow on them the Estates and Reve­nues of Abbies and Nun [...]eries for enriching their Ancient Colledges, and for founding of New; as also for buying little Cat [...]chis [...]s, Chaplets, and other things of that kind, that may serve at once both to instruct and delight Youth; and that the expences these things will require, cannot be fur [...]ished but from the Estates of the Abbies resumed out of the hands of the Protestants▪

[Page 229] To which the Fryars replyed, That they might for the future Found Colledges, if they pleased, without robbing the Orders of St. Benedict, the Cisteaux▪ and others of their Estates, as they had been founded heretofore without any such in­jury, and shewed several means for that pur­pose: And when the Iesuites insisted, there were no other means but that all treasures were ex­h [...]usted; The Fryars Replyed,

1. That there were some Treasures not yet exhausted, namely, theirs who had within a short time offered the Venetians five hundred thousand Crowns to be re-established in those Colledges they had at Venice heretofore, and in other▪ Territories of that Republick, from which they were banished.

2. They made it app [...]ar, that their Colledges were not so necessary for the re-establishment of the catholick Faith as they pretended; for that they had Colledges in several Cities, where he­resie was as rife as ever; And that themselves have confessed, All the upper Pal [...]tinate was convert­ed to the Catholick Religion before ever they had one Colledge there; so that it is clear, sdy [...]h F. Hay, That to make men believe▪ as the Iesuites endeavour, that Germany: cannot be converted to the Catholick Faith, without turning the Ab­bies of [...]eligious Orders into Colledges of Iesui [...]e [...], is to contradicta manifest experience, and make all the world confess themselves blind▪

[Page 230] 3. That the first Fryars of the Order of St. Benedict had Converted almost all Germany▪ and at this day, the Benedicti [...]es labour with success equall to the Iesuites in the Co [...]version of He­reticks, though they are not so much addicted to ostentation, as they who send Catalogues to Rome of the least things they do▪ who compute how many they confess by the year, their Masses, their Prayers, their Visits to the sick, and other things both great and small.

4. They remonstrated, that the multitude of Colledges they so earnestly pres [...]ed for, savored not of the first spirit of the Society, and was di­ametrically opposite to an express Article of their second Congregation G [...]neral in these words: We are to Act for the [...] with [...] moderation▪ And [...] stay our hands from multiply­ing Colledg [...] ▪ And the Congregation make [...] request to the Father-General, and recommend it to his serious observation, to apply himself [...]at [...]er [...]o the compledting and perfecting of the Colledges already establish [...]d▪ [...]

5. As to the little [...] and Chaplu [...]s which th [...] Iesu [...] would buy [...]or their Schol­lars with the Estates and Revenues of Abbies; They answered, That it was somewhat strange, the Iesuites would r [...]i [...]e foundat [...]s, v [...]ol [...]te a­greements, hinder men of Religious Orders [...]o renew their solemn prayers, and ce [...]eb [...]te Di­vine Service in their▪ Abbies▪ that she [...] [Page 231] might have wherewith to buy bawbles for chil­dren; which must be extream dear, if there be not sufficient to purchase them▪ without imploy­ing to such uses the estates designed by the foun­ders to maintain the holy exercises of a Religi­ous life in these Mona [...]teries.

7. Imposture▪ That by reason of the Charges of the War, the Emperour was Founder and Master of these Abbies.

In vain did the Benedictines object, That the Emperour was obliged by the Oath he had ta­ken when he came to the Empire; and as the Supream Protector and Defender of Churches, to preserve the Ancient Orders in their Rights and Estates; and that the Emp [...]rour had de­clared and confirmed it anew by his particular Edict in favour of the Benedictines, March 28. 1629. The Iesuites confessed all this to be true, but scrupled not to elude it by this shameful e­vasion, whereby they would Authorize th [...] Per­jury of a Great Prince; That the Charges and Expences the Emperour laid out in the W [...]r for recovery of these Churches and Abbies, were [...]o great, that they exceeded all the Estates of Con­secrated places; and therefore he ought to be acknowledged, not only as a new Founde [...], En­dower and Patron of these Re [...]igious Houses, but the Purchaser; and that the Religious Or­ders [Page 232] ought in acknowledgment there of, to leave them freely and wholly to his Disposal, and not pretend any interest therein, for fear of making themselves guilty of ingratitude against his Im­perial Majesty; But the Religious Orders An­swered, That the Emperour by his Edict had declared, He never desired from them an ac­knowledgement which could not be made him, without forcing tears from the Ancient Orders of Religion; that he liked not a gratitude, which allowed them no recompence for so many Millions furnished by them for the War, and other Faithful Services done him and the Empire, but the destruction of their Rights and Suppression of their Abbies; and that his Ma­jesty ought to account them ingrate who had invented such gratitude.

8. Imposture; That they may change their Opini­ons when their interest requires it.

In vain did the Benedictines object, That three Principal Iesuites (whereof F. Lam [...]rma [...] the Emperours Confessor was one) being con­sulted with about an Abby, which having been long in the possession of Lutherans, and Secular Persons, the Cardinal Arch-Bishop of Prague would have procured for himself by gift from the Emperour, had delivered their opinion in writing, That it could not be done with a safe [Page 233] Conscience, and that the Abby being Benedictine ought to be restored to the Order of St. Benedict; and that the Emperour in giving it to the Car­dinal had committed the same injustice, as if af­ter winning the battel of Prague, he had given away the land of some Catholick Lord recover­ed from the enemy to another Catholick Lord having no right thereto; the Iesuites not able to deny this opinion, delivered at large in wri­ting, agr [...]d that the Iesuites were then of that judgment; bu [...] answered, that since they had changed their Opinion; This rare priviledge have these [...]xcellent Casuists, to alter their sen­timents and their conscience upon any occasion when it may be for their profit to change: So when the question was about giving an Arch-Bishop [...]a Benedictine Abby, their judgement was, the Emperour was in justice obliged to restore it to the Order of St. Benedict▪ but when▪ there is hopes they may procure them for themselves by their shifts and artifices▪ they presently main­tain, that the Abbies of St. Benedict are Abbies supprest▪ and the Estates that belong to them at th [...] disposal of the Empero [...] and the Pope, who may give them whom they please without any injustice to the Fryars of the Order, who are the lawful proprietors, when an Arch-Bishop de­sires to have one; but have no Title at all, when the Iesuites would have many of the same Ab­bies for the use of their Society.

9. Imposture: That F. Lamorman in cheating the Emperour did well, i. e. according to the rules of the Society.

In vain did the Benedictines reproach them, that all the trouble had been raised for taking from them these Abbyes against the Edict of the Emperour, proceeded only from their F. L [...]man, who had the boldness to write to his Imperial Majesty, that his Edict and In­structions given his Ambassadour, contained things not agreeing with the Principles of the Catholique Faith; And that it were fit his Ma­jesty should name some person to examine the whole business a [...]ew with him his Confessor. To this the good Fath [...]s made answer in these express words: The prudent, sage and devo [...]t Read [...]r, havi [...]g well considered of all things, will doubtless observe▪ that the Confessor e [...]gaged not hastily in an affair of such moment, but after long deliberation how to remedy this evil (which was the restitution of the Abbyes to their several Orders▪ without allowing the I [...]suites to alie­nate any from the Lawfull Proprietors) and that it must be avowed, the Father had done well, and ought not to have done otherwise, and that if he had not advertised his Imperial Majesty thereof▪ he had deserved th [...] blame of not discharge­ing the duty of a Good Confessor▪ according to the [Page 235] light of N [...]tural reason, and the rules of our Society: to which the Fryars of St. Benedict, with good reason replyed, That from hence we are to con­clude, that the hinderance of justice is the duty of a good Confessor: That we are required by the light of N [...]ral Reason, to allow that for Iust, which is really against the known rules of Iustice, and that the Rules of the Society Ordained, that such of their Fathers as are Confessors to Princes, must earnestly endeavour, that the Abbies which those Princes have Ordered to be restored to their Orders may fall into the hands of the So­ciety against the Authority of the most legal Edicts.

10. Imposture; That these Abbi [...]s b [...]l [...]nge [...] not [...] any; and that they de [...]red them not of the Princes, but Princes demanded them for the Society.

In vain did the Fryars object the Command­ment of God, Not to [...] other mens goods; for the Iesui [...]es answered, That they coveted not other mens goods in coveting these Abbies which belonged not to any; and than it was not they demanded these Abbies, but the Princes of the Empire demanded th [...]m for the Society; that as they could not have demanded these Estates without envy, so they could not refuse them without injury to the honour of God▪ when the Powers thought fit to bestow them on their Company for promoting the Glory of God, and the [Page 236] salvation of the people of Almaigne; So that the So­ciety desired not these Abbies, but only submitted to the pleasures and dispositions of the Soveraign Powers of Christendom: Adding with equal sincerity in the same Book, That when they built themselves, they built not so sump [...]uously; but that Princes a­gainst the will of the Society built for them great Colledges, and magnificent Chur [...]hes.

To the first point, where the good Fathers suggest, that the Fryars had not title to the Ab­bies; They Answer, That the Iesuites denying that the Abbies did belong to the Ancient Or­ders of Religion, did not cover their injustice, but render it more visible; and that they did as a Robber, who taking another mans purse should tell him, Friend, I do you no wrong, I de­sire not your goods; this purse belongs not to you. And as to the second point of their pretended moderation, and their perfect disinteresment, The Fryars answered with astonishment, That hav­ing written so many Books, and published such Volumes to destroy the Edicts of the Empe­rour, having sent so many Letters to the great Lords of Almaigne, to engage them to solicite from his Majesty Imperial a gift of these Ab­bies to the Society of Iesus, they feared not to say, That the Soveraign Powers of Christendom constrained them by force to accept of these Abbies, and that they were not ashamed to call themselves Children of Obedience, who could [Page 237] not resist the Soveraign Pastor of the Church, whom they were obliged to obey by a quadruple vow. In the mean time, to inform the world with what Faith these Fathers proceed in their Actions, the Benedictines produced a letter of the late Cardinal Riche [...]ieu to the Congregation of Cardinals in 1630, wherein as the Abbot of Cluny he complains, That the Emperour having Ordained, That all the Monasteries which had been possessed by the Protestants should be re­stored to the same regular Orders on which they depended before the usurpation; It was in­formed nevertheless, That the Provost-ship of Col­mar being a dependant on the Abby of Cluny, to which his Prodecessor had presented an Ab­bot, was claimed by the Iesuites, who disputed his Orders, and desired to possess themselves of it on pretence to found a Seminary there.

But because these solemn testimonies, and their violent actions publickly done in the face of the Sun, made it visible to all, that they had a passionate desire to take away these Abbies from the owners, they thought fit to confess their desire, but with this trim and pleasant di­stinction; ‘That the Fathers of the Society co­veted the Estates of these Abbies, not for the Estates, but for the conveniency of entertain­ing a greater number of persons to labour the propagation of the Catholick Fai [...]h in Almai [...]n. Whereupon the Benedictines no less wisely than [Page 238] truly; Observe that the Iesuites did not so eager­ly covet the Abbies, in order to a Religious end for the maintaining Divine Service, and constant Prayers according to the Rules of their Foundations (which they pretend not to ob­serve) but desired only to finger the money, and receive the Revenues.

The Jesuites endeavour to take away an Abby of the Cisteaux, and another of St. Clare: A han­some Letter of a Germane Lord against their Co­vetousness.

The observation of the Benedictines is clearly proved by the courses taken by the same Ie­suites of Almaign to take away two Nunneries, one of the Order of Cisteaux, and the other of St. Clare, and to unite them to their Colledge of Mayence; for Father Iohn Theodore Lenn [...]p having by Order of his Rector and Provincial addressed a Letter to that Effect to the Baron of Questemberg his Cousin, and of the Empe­rours Council, desiring him to procure a Grant thereof from his Majesty Imperial unto their Colledge, without once mentioning the Pope, concludes with an earnest entreaty for speedy execution: And the principal motive he al­ledges for their desiring these Abbies, particular­ly that of St. Clare, called Clarental, is, that it would be of great use to their Colledge of Mayence, [Page 239] especially in the multitude of Pastures and Mea­dows belonging thereto; on which F. Hay hath this remark, That the good Father had greater care of the Soyle than the Soul, to accommo­date Beasts, than to guide men to Salvati­on.

The Almaign Lord, in answer to his Cousin the Iesuite having exprest a particular affection and kindness for the Society, and promised his assistance in any thing he could think reason­able, frankly declares in an Excellent Letter Printed at large in F. Hayes Book, That he held himself obliged to caution, lest by favouring one party he might prejudice another, and lest whilest he thinks to comfort himself in the ac­knowledgements and joyes of the one he be not opprest with affliction for the groans and tears of the other, that he was afraid to appear a­gainst St. Benedict, St. Clare, St. Francis, and St. Bernard those great Lights of the Church Tri­umphant and Militant, and could not believe it allowable in Conscience to trouble and mo­lest their Holy Orders, and tread under-foot their ancient and commendable foundations: That he was not acquainted with the secrets of Theol [...]gy, but to speak according to his sense, he could give this enterprize no other name than that of Robbery and Rapine: I have often ad­mired, (sayes he) that they who profess a con­tempt of the good things of the world, and to [Page 240] reject all hope and desires to possess them, but to imitate nearly the nakedness and simplicity and purity of Christ, should so vehemently la­bour and imploy with such earnestness the best part of their lives to augment the Estates and Possessions of their Orders: And now men of Religion are clearly d [...]scovered, notwithstand­ing all their disguises to run the same course with the Secular, with this advantage, that their sin is the greater, who act unjustly under false appearances of piety and vain pretences of spiritual good: Why should I think my self a Criminal, or the Preachers presently brand me for an offender, if I endeavour by usury, by fraud or other unlawful means to take away and usurp my neighbours Estate, if you who are the peculiar servants of Christ may without crime or offence appropriate to your selves the Estate of another Religious Order who oppose it, pro­test against your violence, and Cite you to An­swer at the Tribunal of God? I could enlarge on this subject, Dear Cousin, but my imploy­ments take me of, and I fear the little I have said will displease you, though you know bet­ter than I, that the faithful wounds of a friend are of more value, and deserve greater esteem than the deceitful kisses of an enemy: Nor had I touched on this matter, but that the frequent (not to say continual) complaints and re­proaches of many persons against the insatiable [Page 241] avarice, (as they call it) of your laudable So­ciety had not in a manner forced me to give you this hint; there being nothing but this cove­tousness the most pious find fault with in the Fa­thers of the Company.

This pious and Christian Letter which ought at least to have cooled the heat of the Iesuites in­ [...]lamed it; for they made the same Iesuite his Cousin by a second Letter of Ian. 15. 1630. to write back to this Lord, ‘That he committed a great sin before God in not advising the Em­perour to joyn these Nunneries to their Col­ledge of Mayeme, that this omission tended to the defrauding of the Church of necessary la­bourers in the Vineyard of her Lord, to the re­tarding the gain of Souls, to the favouring of Heresie, and opposing the Holy Enterprizes of their Society; that he knew the Society had many that envied her prosperity, and very powerful adversaries, but presaged that they and their posterities should one day acknow­ledge under the sense of the Chastisements of the Divine vengeance; That they had hurt the apple of Gods eye: That other Orders of Re­ligion were either unwilling to imploy them­selves in the Conversion of Hereticks, or un­able to perform with that dexterity and suc­cess which was visible in the actions of the Society: That all they desired from him, was, to have procured a Grant from the Emperour [Page 242] to the Society of the annual revenues of one or two Nunneries that were wholly vacant’ (ta­king no notice that the violence of the Here­ticks was the sole cause they were not then full.) ‘That he had not attempted to justifie the many sorts of translations and unions of Abbies made in favour of others; but as a Divine of the So­ciety laboured only for that which might be profitable for the company, and was fully as­sured a good Councellour of State might in good conscience, in prudence and piety have advised the Emperour accordingly, and that he who opposed it, not only committed a great fault, but made himself guilty not of one but many very haynous offences: That it was true, men made it their custome to reproach their Society with imputations of Avarice, of Rapine, and unjust coveting others Estates; but that it was a stale heretical objection, and had been learnedly refuted [...] by their Father Gretser.

That they accommodate their Kitchins not the Mo­nasteries. Four Abbies [...] alienated for an addition to one of their Colledges.

To their pretence of dexterity and success in converting Pagans and Hereticks to the Catholick Faith; The Benedictines replyed, ‘That al­most all the North had been converted by the [Page 243] ancient Orders of Religion; and 'twas strange these good Fathers would perswade us, That there is no other way, no better means to pro­pagate the faith of Christ in Almaigne than by multiplying Jesuitical preachers; that there were multitudes of other pious men of Reli­gion ready to take pains in converting the He­reticks; that the Iesui [...]es did them wrong to say, they were unwilling or unable to do it with the dexterity and success of their Society; that it was a piece of injustice and falsehood to say they would not, and of arrogance to af­firm they could not perform as well as others; That if the Iesuites were as necessary to the Church as they would be taken to be, God had provided other means for their subsi­stance than to uncover one Altar to cover an­other, to rob the ancient foundations for en­riching new comers. That it would be hard to prove, that the change they desired was for the bettering and improvement of the ancient Abbies: That when Iacob saw the Ladder, he built an Altar of stone, and poured oyl upon it; but these good Fathers keep for them­selves the profits of the oyl, reduce Monaste­ries into bare heaps of stones, and Abbies into Countrey-houses; so that in truth, the change they make for the better is not in the Monaste­ries, but in the Ministeries of their Kitchins.’

[Page 244] This Warr of the Jesuites of Almaign against the ancient Orders of Religion for taking away their Monasteries endured above ten years: At last the insatiable Avarice of these Fathers was stopped by the opposition of the Ecclesiastical Electors, and other Catholique Princes of the Empire, who addressed themselves in writing to Pope Vrban the 8th, about this matter by their Deputies in the Ass [...]mbly Generall at Ra­tisbone in 1641. And so sayes F. Hay, the Ie­suites heat for invading Monasteries, was a little cooled, not out of any vertuous disposition, but disability to attain their unjust desires: And though they appropriated by their shifting de­vices four of the said Abbyes unto one of their Colledges in 1659, the strong opposition they [...]ound in other Provinces of Germany caused that the same Abbyes became Sepulchres to bu­ry rather than encouragements to cherish the Acts of their Covetousness.

The Lyes and Impostures of the Iesuites to pos­sess themselves of an Abby of the Nunnes of the Order of St. Bernard in Saxony.

The History of the life of the Emperour Fer­dinand the 2d, informs us, that having resolved to take from the Protestants all the Abbyes they possessed themselves of since the treaty of Passa [...] in 1552. he ordained by a publique Edict of [Page 245] Mar. 6. 1629. that they should be restored to those orders for whom they were founded: The Abbot of the Monastery of Cesarea of the Order of the Cisteaux, being deputed by his Generall, to put this Edict in execution sent the Abbot of Valenciennes, to put four Nuns profest of the Order of St. Bernard with two Novices, and one converted Sister into posses­sion of the Abby of Voltigerode in the Lower Saxony: And the Bishop of Osnabrug, one of the Commissioners Imperial having establish­ed them there by one of his Officers, they continued there several months performing Divine Service, and all other exercises of a Re­ligious life.

The Iesuites having a design to possess them­selves of this, as of all other Nunneries the Protestants were to restore, made use of the credit of their Father Lamorman with the Em­perour to effect it: The Father served himself of two notable lyes to procure a Grant from the Emperour: the first, That the Abbots de­puted by the Orders of St. Benedict, and the Cisteaux had made unto the Jesuites a volunta­ry cession of all Nunneries, and some other of the less considerable Monasteries of their Or­ders. The other, that the Abby of Voltigerode neer the Imperial Town of Ges [...]ar was desert and vacant, and that no person demanded or claimed it, and that it would be very conve­nient [Page 246] for the Society for a Nursery of Novices in that Town where they had a Colledge al­ready: All this appears in express terms in the Commission they obtained, though the one and the other were notoriously false, the said Nuns of the Order of the Cisteaux, having been in possession of the said Abby many months be­fore.

'Tis the saying of a Pious Doctor, that the Devils prophecy what they will doe; so these Fathers bestirred themselves with all expediti­on to make that appear true in Act and execu­tion which was absolutely false in allegation: The first Cheat they applyed themselves to was this: Having perswaded these Nunnes, that they were not secure in this Abby, as situ­ate in the Countrey, and exposed to the in­cursions of Souldiers and violences of Warr; they proposed as an expedient that they should for a while quit the Abby and retire to Goslar, where it should be their care to procure them reception, which was accordingly done in the Monastery of Franquemberg in March 1631. But though the Nunnes, frighted by this arti­fice departed the Abby, their Moveables, their Servants, their Cattel, and Houshold-stuffe, were left at Voltigerode.

The Iesuites having sped so well in this piece of craft, soon made it appear, that the Nunnes had no reason to fear any incursion of Souldi­ers, [Page 247] or violence but theirs. For presently after, viz. 29 of the same month of March, Herman Gauvinz, Provincial of the Company, took possession of the Abby, and left some Jesuites in it, and forced the Nunnes Servants to swear fealty to them, without any signification to the Superiors of the Order of the Cisteaux, or to the Abbot of Cesarea, Guardian of the Mo­nastery.

Their unparallel'd cruelty in driving away these Nunnes, and their Confessors out of this Abby.

The Nunnes seeing themselves so malici­ously cheated, found means secretly to re-enter the Abby, and having placed themselves in the Quire at the upper end of the Church, conti­nued there night and day, performing Divine Service, the Iesuites being in possession of the Lodgings. This return of the Nunnes angred the Good Fathers, who left no stone unturn'd to perswade them, by entreaties and by threats, to be gone, and had certainly starved them, had they not been relieved with Victuals by some heretique women of the Countrey there­abouts. The Iesuites seeing them, maugre all this hard usage, to continue unmoved, resol­ved to expell them by violence. And the [...]2 of April being Palm-Sunday Eve▪ assisted with Sergeants and Souldiers sent for of purpose, [Page 248] one of their Novices being principal Actor in this irreligious Tragedy; with a temerity and cruelty unheard of among persons of Religion, they dragged by force out of the body of the Church these Virgins Consecrate to God, who groaning and shrieking, were violently haled away at so Holy a time to the scandal of the whole Province, the Novice handling them so barbarously, that some of them who felt his fury most lay sick of their hurts a long time after.

The matter of this story is so extraordinary and surprizing that it were easily credible; [...]. H [...]y who reports it, had used some exagge­ration, but that his relation delivers it more favourably than the hainousness of the fact proved by Authentique Acts of Justice, inserted at large both in Dutch and Latine, in his work, deserves, as may partly appear to the Reader, by the Copy of the Process Verbal, or complaint of the said Nunnes, exhibited in Du [...]ch to the Official of Osnabrugg, as followeth.

‘It is not in our power, (poor abandoned Orphans that we are) not to lift up our voyce to complain of the miserable condition, the strange and cruel proceedings exercised a­gainst us by the Fathers Iesuites on Saturday being Palm-Sunday Eve, on the Evening, have reduced us unto: For being come with the [Page 249] Lord Widelag, and two Sergeants, who are the ordinary Ministers made use of by the Ma­gistrates to take Robbers and other Male­factors, into our Abby of Voltigerode, where­in we had been established by our spiritual Father the Abbot of Walhenriedh Commissio­ner Sub-delegate, in pursuance of his Impe­rial Majesties Edict of restitution, they entred between six and seven of the Clock. And find­ing us in the Quire of the Church, where we said our Prayers, the said Lord and the Ie­suites spoke to us fiercely, and preffed us to be gone. But we continued on our Knees, in our [...]eats, and answered, that we were under the obedience of our holy Order: And had no allowance or permission to depart out of our house without the command of our Su­periours: Afterwards I Mary Kogel Nun Pro­fest laying hold on my seat with both my hands hung thereupon with all my forc [...]: But the two Sergeants and the Jesuite Novice violently pulling away my hands from the Seat, took me off, and the Jesuite h [...]ld me by the middle fast locked in his Arms, and so carryed me some part, and dragged me the rest of the way from my Seat to the end of the Quire: And as I cryed out, Vi [...]lence Ie­sus, violence, I believe you will kill me, (for I was quite out of breath) th [...]y drew me out of the Quire: Whereupon our Confessor arri­ved, [Page 250] and found me layd along on the ground, crying out against the violence they had done me. But having lift me up, by force they put me in a Chair to carry me away, which they did, forcing me clear round the Abby, and ha­ving cast me out of the Cloyster, they made me march between the two Sergeants in the midst of a field, led by the Arms like a thief. Meeting a Chariot by the way, I catched at the wheel, but was forced off by them with such violence, that on the morrow I found my self so maimed in the Arms, and had such pain in my breast (to omit the fright and emo­tion caused by this violence) that I know not whether ever I shall recover it.’

‘After me followed the Noble Virgin Anne Lucy De Dernbach, neer kinswoman to his Im­perial Majesties Vice-chancellor, whom they carryed away in like manner, and with like violence, in presence of our Confessor, who reproached the Father Rector of the Iesuites, for acting such a tragedy in so holy a time; and represented to the Sergeants, that they ought to remember, she whom they used so, was neer Kinswoman to M. de Stralendorf, Vice-chancellor of the Empire; but our Confessor prevailed not by his Remonstrances, for they took her away, as they had done Me.’

‘The third was sister to the last mentioned, her name Anna Sidonia de Dernbach, whose [Page 251] hands they forced from off the Seats of the Quire, with like violence: And the Iesuite Novice holding her fast by the middle, drag­ged her forth, and put her in a Chair to carry her away, who in the mean time cryed out to the Iesuite, Whether this were their ac­knowledgement of the great good Offices her Kinsman had done for their Colledge at Fulde; and that this injury was done to the Vice-chancellor of the Empire in the person▪ of his Cousin. But they were deaf to all rea­son, and used two Nunnes more in the saine barbarous manner. And this we can assure before God and the whole Court of Heaven, that all we alleadge is clear truth.’

Who can hear so lamentable a story, and not be equally moved with compassion towards the Nunnes, Votaries of piety, and nobly descend­ed, thus cruelly handled in their proper Mo­nastery, and with indignation against the Au­thors of such barbarous violence, which yet will appear more shamefull by the addition of some circumstances faithfully reported by the famous Benedictine F. Hay, in these words. Heretofore, under the Old Law, Criminals who fled into the Temple, purified only by the blood of Goats and of Calves were safe in that Asylum, if once they laid hold on the horns[?] of the Altar: But now under the New Law, the Fathers of the [Page 252] Society make no conscience of using Sergeants, and the servants of Hangmen, to put themselves by their insolence, into the possession of Temples dedi­cated to the living God, consecrated by the dread­full and adorable Mysteries of Iesus Christ. And to dragg away innocent Nunnes from thence by force and violence: O shame! O infamy! The reverend F. David, Prior of the Dominicans of Alberstad, and a converted brother named An­gell happened to be present at this sad and un­parallel'd spectacle, and did so zealously and fervently reproach the Jesuites with the enor­mity of the Action, that the Convert could hardly abstain from Actual resistance: But the Jesuites not satisfied with the violence done to the Nunnes, thought it necessary to expell from the Abby their Superior and Confessor, a Fryar of the Abby of Cesarea, called F. Mi­chael Go [...]z; who being returned from Brunswick, where he had been in search of the Chalices belonging to this Nunnery, came timely enough to be not only a spectator of the Tragedy, but to bear a part in it. For having reproached the Rector of the Jesuites to his face, for the indignity of the outrage committed against these holy Virgins, for not obeying the com­mands of the Jesuites to depart the Abby; and having retyred into the Church-yard, as in search of security from their violence among the dead interred there, they ordered two [Page 253] Souldiers, who were very averse from laying hands on the Priest, to throw the dice who should drive him out. This done, one of them took him and violently thrust him out of the gate of the Monastery; which gave a Protestant Souldier of Meclenbourg,) moved at t [...]is lamentable specta­cle) occasion to say, with indignation against the Jesuites, We suffer not Ministers to be thus used in our Countrey: Behold the end of the Canonical Establishment (as Crusius t [...]e Iesuite entitles it) of the Fathers of the Society in the Abby of Voltige­rode.

An Abbot of the Order of Cisteaux turns out the Iesuites with shame, and re-establishes the Nuns.

The Abbot of Cesarea Guardian of this Mo­nastery, who by the Emperours Authority had established there these Nuns according to the Edict, having received advice of this horrible proceeding, writ of F. Lamorman the Iesuite, Confessor to the same Prince, as followeth; I am informed of matters of great grief and trouble to me: The event will shew in time whether they may conduce to their good, who regard only their private interest and advantage: You have plaid, my Fathers, a very strange part, whereof I send you the Relation, which being acted in the time of the pas­sion of [...]ur Saviour, hath unhappily represented to [Page 254] us its image and form. But there are in it two astonishing differences: The one, that Females re­presented the person of Christ; the other, that they who assume the Name of Jesus, accompanied with their Guard of Souldiers acted not his part, but that of the Iews, [...] persecuted and abused him: O Society of Jesus! Is this the Society you have with Jesus? I conjure your pa [...]ernal Reverence by the [...]owels of our Redeemers Mercies, to cause restitu­tion to be made of the Abbies, which the Society have possessed themselves of, under [...]olou [...] of a pre­tended Cession, for fear these Angels of Peace, ac­cording to Scripture phrase, be obliged to continue their sighs and their tears; if voluntary restitution be not speedily made, we shall not fail of means to cause it to be done. Cesarea May 30. 1631.

To conclude, notwithstanding the great power this Iesuite had over the Emperours spi­rit; The Order of Cisteaux up in their prosecution of re-establishment from his Imperial Majesty ob­tained a solemn arrest in their favour for restoring these Nuns to their Abby; whence the Iesuites were obliged to dislodge with shame, as they had entred by a violent intrusion, contrary to the Civil and Canon Law, for which by the Canons they deserved exemplary punishment: For the ancient Orders of St. Benedict, St. Ber­nard, and others needed only the Emperours au­thority for their re-establishm [...]nt in their pro­per Abbies, as Estates. violently u [...]ped from [Page 255] them by the Lu [...]herans, to which the said Or­ders had a continual and most unquestionable right of re-entry: But besides, that the gift of this Abby which the Iesuites pretended to have had from the Emperour was Null in it self, as contrary to the Edict, and had not been ob­tained but by manifest surprize, as was ob­served, before the Iesuites themselves acknow­ledged by their Books, that the Pope only could make such translation of Abbies from the An­cient Orders to their Society; and when in the mean time they were pressed to shew, that the Pope had given them this by some Rescript or Bull, they had none to produce, but made an il­lusory answer worthy of themselves:

That the Pope had given it them by the Emperour, as if, sayes F. Hay, the Pope [...]ad accustomed to grant such extraordinary favours by Secular Com­missions of Emperours or Kings, and not by Bulls or Apostolick Brieves.

The Iesuites forbare not afterwards to at­tempt the possession of several Abbies under the specious pretence of the greater Glory of God; insomuch that the Catholick Noblesse of the Rhine in Weteravia held themselves obliged to make publick Complaints against their Avarice to Pope Vrban the 8th, in these words; ‘We see, Holy Father, to our very great astonish­ment, that the Fathers of the Soci [...]ty of Iesus by divers persecutions and flatteries they use to [Page 256] the Soveraign, Chief, and Princes of the Em­pire, over and above the vast riches they have gained, labour to possess themselves of Abbies, Foundations, and Monasteries, principally those of Noble and Illustrious Virgins under divers pretexts of propagating the Faith, and advancing the salvation of Souls.’ They re­present to him further, ‘That in such holy places as the Iesuites were possessed of, pre­sently all marks of the ancient duties of the foundations vanished upon their entry, all works of Mercy and Charity in practice there before did immediately disappear. That the Monasteries being abandoned, did sensibly de­cay, and would by degrees moulder to no­thing, contrary to the pious intentions of the founders their Ances [...]ors; that the buildings were ruined and fallen to the ground: and that nothing remained but the Estates and Re­venues to inrich the Colledges of the Iesuites by the spoils of the ancient Orders of Reli­gion.’

So that notwithstanding the great pride and vanity of these self-conceited Fathers, and their contempt of the Nunneries, saying, ‘That the virginity of females consecrated to Christ is a solitary recluse and lazy virginity, which works out only their particular salvation, whereas theirs of the Society is publick, active, imployed in preaching, and fervent with zeal [Page 257] for the happiness and beatitude of the souls of all;’ Their Covetousness and Avarice appear­ed the more odious by their insolent brags, and provoked every person to indignation against them, for having such presumptuous thoughts of their Company, as to dare to pretend that Religion was in danger of ruine, and a total de­struction, unless change were made of the Holy Habitations of Religious Virgins, whose prayers are so useful to the States Eccl [...]siastical and Civil, into Farms for their Colledges, whose disorders and irregularities are so notorious to the world, and pernicious to mankind.

The Famous Story Of the Enormous Cheat upon the Nuns of the Order of St. Vrsula, by the Rector of the Ie­suites of Metz, in the sale of a house for their new establishment in that City: Confirmed by an arrest of the Parliament of Metz in 1661. a Copy whereof is here inserted.
Whereby appear the equivocations, lies, deceits, and cheating impostures practised by the said Rector against the said Nuns, th [...]ugh he was their director Spiritual and Temporal.

Extracted and faithfully transcribed out of the Re­gisters of Parliament.

  • BEtween the Nuns professed and Con­vent of the V [...]sulines of this City of Metz, authorized by the Court to pro­secute their rights appellantes for the Seizures made of the goods and reve­nues of the said Monastery the 24th and 27th Nov. and 19th Ian. last, deman­dants in conversion of appeal into op­position, and upon letters of form of Re­scision and Restitution by them obtained in Chancery 29 Dec. last, against a cer­tain contract of Sale of Sept. 7. 1649, that of ratification of Decem. 13. in the said year, and all other acts ensued thereon
    • of the one part,
  • [Page 259] And the Rector of the Colledge of the Iesuits of the said City summon­ed and defendant
    • of the [...] ­ther part.
  • And also between August de Mon­tigny Burgess of Metz and his Con­sorts, next kinsmen to the Appellants, Demandants by request to obtain in­tervention
    • of one part.
  • And the said Rector defendant
    • of the o­ther part.
  • As also between Thomas le Blane Provincial of the Iesuites, partly by intervention
    • of one part.
  • And the said Nuns defendants
    • of the o­ther part.
      A law term.
      Without that the qualities shall hurt or prejudice the parties.

COVRCOL for the Appellantes and De­mandantes sets forth, ‘That the Suite was of a Contract of Sale of a house situate in this City of Metz passed by F. Forget then Rector of the Jesuites of the said City for the use of the Vrsuline Nuns of Mascon, stipulating for a new establishment of the Nuns of the same or­der to be made at Metz aforesaid.’

That the qualities of the parties would de­cide the cause, it being certain that the Nun [...] come from Mascon, for the new establishment of this Monastery, were not of the Community or [Page 260] Nuns of this Monastery; for that according to the constitutions of the Order, such Nuns as had not made profession in the new Monastery remained still profest Nuns of the Monastery whence they came out, and whither they might return or be recalled; and the Nuns of the new Monastery were not obliged to retain them: so that neither this Monastery of St. Vrsula of Metz, nor the Community thereof had a begin­ning but from the day when the first of the Ap­pellantes made profession there, and the Com­munity was not accomplished untill there were three Nuns profest; that two infallible and de­cisive consequences arose from hence; the one, that the Appellantes who made up the true Mo­nastery, having not been privy to the Contract nor ratified it, the Defendant had no Action against them, nor morgage on their dowers; the other, That they could not be otherwise answered than as Minors, who are alwayes re­lieveable in these things, they may have done to their prejudice; That judgement had been given in the like case for the Jesuites of Authun and Bourg in Bresse, as may appear by an Arrest of the Parliament of Dijon in 1632. and by a judgement of the Presidial of Bourg in Bresse, whereby the Jesuites relieved for purchases they had made to their prejudice, being damnified a third part thereby in the price paid above the value of the things purchased. That there is [Page 261] damage sustained of above two thirds; for in 1627. this house with another adjoyning call­ed Duponce was bought at twenty seven thou­sand Francs Messines. In 1642. the Jesuites upon an exchange valued it but at thirty thousand Francs with all the improvement and buildings they had erected, after the demolishing of others very considerable. In 1646. it was farmed at four hundred and fifty Francs M [...]ssines per Ann. In 1649. they offered it to Nuns, and a person of quality at twenty seven thousand Francs of the same money, but they refused it as not worth so much: Yet the same year 1649. F. Forget the Rector, having been in several Cities of the Kingdom, and afterwards addressing himself to the Vrsulines of Mascon surprized them by several untrue suggestions, and sold them this house at thirty thousand Liures Tour­tois currant money of France, which make four­score thousand Francs Messines; so that the Nuns are damnified above two thirds; that be­sides the consideration of damage, the frauds, artifices, cheats, and false suggestions on which the contract was grounded, make it void and null.

This will appear by a writing of F. Forgets intituled Important Avisoes wherein he hath de­scribed this house, but with many fictions and disguisements of the Truth, both as to its si­tuation, and the consistence of the buildings, [Page 262] and promised several advantages which had never been, nor ever will be; and to gain the better credit, he writ, and caused to be written a great number of Letters to the said Vrsulines, and the late Lord Bishop of Mascon; and not content with this, he sold the house according to a plat-form, and model both of the body of the lodgings, and the frontispiece signed with his hand, but found false upon view, and com­parison made of the house with the model; That he had sold it as in good condition ac­cording to the view taken, and by him report­ed at Mascon, which was also false. That he sold it, as all regularly built and fit for Nuns, so that there was not, said he, any thing un­finished but the grates and windows, whereas in truth there was not one regular place, save the Dormitory, which was not habitable by reason of the stink and infection of the River Seille, and the publick Sewers; that there was no Church, no burying place, no Cloyster; that he suggested, other Nuns would have bought it, which was not true; that the Nuns of Mas­con who were sent to instruct the Virgins of this new Monastery in the rules of Religion, and their Order being accompanied with two per­sons of Quality bound for Metz to see whether they had been cheated in the buying of this house: when they came to Chaumont, F. Forget made them believe that they could not pass fur­ther [Page 263] without danger of their lives, which cau­sed their return to Mascon, as may appear by a letter of F. Forgets; yet the morrow after F. Forget writ another letter quite contrary to the former. Lastly, that there was so much deceit and fraud in the business, that it was evident F. Forget to make the Nuns of Miscon believe that this house cost the Jesuites more than he sold it for, suggested to them that the decree of adju­dication was made to them for twenty two thousand and three hundred Liures, without adding Messines, and afterwards in his sugge­stions of the workmens accounts and acquit­tances, he made them also believe that there were improvements and buildings of above fif­teen thousand Liures Tourtois value, which was not so, in regard that allowance being made for the buildings they had demolished, all the im­provements were not worth two thousand five hundred Liures Tour [...]ois. Further, F. Forget fearing lest the Nuns upon the place might have discovered the trick of Liures Messines, dexter­ously stipulated by the bargain of Sale, that the Evidences of their purchase of this house were not to be put into the hands of the buyers till after full payment of the whole price.

That the lapse of ten years could not be ob­jected against the Appellantes, because their Community had its beginning between five and six years since: That by Evidence communica­ted [Page 264] by the Defendant himself, it appeared that the Nuns of Mascon who remained there, had made continual complaint against the Rector of the Iesuites for the cheat he had put upon them. That this was carefully concealed from these in this Monastery, that the Rector of the Iesuites did plot and contrive by intelligence and cor­respondence with others to deceive the Nuns that were to make profession in this Monastery, by keeping the contract from their knowledge; That the pretended ratification of Decemb. 13. 1649. made by the Nuns of Mascon sent hither, could not hurt or prejudice the Appellants, who never appeared nor intermedled therein, nor had ever agree'd or ratified it: That the pretended ratification had been contrived and extorted by F. Forget, who was Director Spiri­tual and Temporal to the Nuns who came from Mascon, that by the reading it was evident he had digested and compiled it as he pleased. That it was visibly false in all its propositions, and could not give validity to a contract in it self fraudulent and null. That the Contract of Sale could not oblige the Appellants who were not privy to it, since it is not permitted for any to stipulate for a third person. That the Let­ters of restitution were not necessary for the Ap­pellants but for a surabundance of good right they had taken them, to the end no act they could have done might be objected against [Page 265] them; That the Defendant having already re­ceived eighteen thousand Livres Tournois, it was much more than the house was worth; there­fore he concluded, that in regard of the said Letters, and in allowance thereof the parties ought to be remitted into the same estate they had before the Contracts of Septemb. 16. and Decemb. 13. 1649, and the Defendant con­demned to restore the eighteen thousand Livres by him received upon the Appellants offer to a­bandon the said house: And in the Suit by conversion of Appeal into opposition, that the Seizures made at the Defendants request be de­clared null, injurious, and wrongful; and an Ousterlemain granted thereon with costs, da­mages and interest.

DE CLOS for the parties intervenant be­ing the Fathers, Mothers, and next Kin of the Nuns, said, It may not be thought strange these parties intervene in the cause, as being of no less concern than the destruction of a Monastery, and tending to the famishing of their Children the Nuns. That the Defendant, or F. F [...]rrest his Prede­cessor in the Office, having by a fraududent Con­tract surprized the Nuns of St. Vrsula of Mas­con, had the dexterity to conceal this Contract ten or twelve years till he had apprehension of the letters of Rescision; that to secure his debt by sufficient morgages of the Dowers, which from time to time should be brought by new [Page 266] Nuns into this Monastery, having published a­broad that this house had been given the eight Nuns come from Mascon to establish the Mona­stery for their Dowries; he proceeded at last to the Seizure of all the Revenues of these Nuns, and had caused the Rents and Pensions of the Nuns and Pensioners to be seized to draw from them the payment of the sum of twelve thou­sand Livres pretended residue of the price of the house in question, and nine years arrerages: That this unexpected rigour reduced the Nuns to the necessity of begging, contrary to the rules of their Order, and the tenour of the permission of their establishment at Metz, or falling again into the hands of their kindred; That the Dow­ries of Nuns were sacred, and not subject to Commerce: That the Church tollerated no other use of them, than only for the Alimony of Nuns: That they could not be diverted to the payment of debts, much less of debts ly­able to question, secret and fraudulent as this; yet it appeared, that by the Contract of Sale of the said house F. Forget had the boldness to sti­pulate a particular morgage to secure his debt upon the Nuns Dowries, who should make pro­fession in this Monastery; and so the Dowries of these Nuns should be aliened along time be­fore their profession, which cannot be judged to be other than Simony; that the monies of these Dowries having been stipulated for Alimo­ny, [Page 267] could not be seized for the Defendants debt. That the new Nuns, who alone made up the Monastery, had never signed any of the Con­tracts made use of by the defendant against them which were alwayes kept secret; so that they were at their full liberty to accept them or not. That the Nuns of Mascon had been so grosly surprized in this, that they were excessively damnified. That these parties had a notable interest, and were concerned to take care that their Daughters the Nuns should not long con­tinue in an unhealthy and infected place; there­fore he concluded, That having regard to their intervention, it would please the Court to grant the Appellants and Demandants their Fines and Cen­clusions.

LE FEVRE for the Rector of the Ie­suites, said, That he could not admit the App [...]l­lants to be parties; that they were not qualified to sue; that being Nuns profest of the Monastery of St. Vrsula of Metz aforesaid, they were in­capable to proceed at Law without their Supe­riour; the particulars which compose the body, having no power without their head: That all the Convent ought to have been parties, or au­dience denied to the particular Nuns, whose proceeding was so unjust, that they were for­saken by their Superiour; that though the Con­tract had been past by the Vrsulines of Mascon, who were not profest of the Monastery of Metz: [Page 268] it was good notwithstanding, for that it was passed for, and to the profit of the Monastery to be established at Metz: That new establish­ments were made no other way; that if such Contracts should not oblige houses newly esta­bished, and the Nuns that should make profes­sion there, the Sellers should be alwayes cheat­ed; that they should give away their estates with­out any assurance to receive the price for them. That the Committy of the Monastery of Metz begun on the day when the first Nuns sent from Mascon were encloystered and continued, and was increased by the profession of such as were newly received; that though the Nuns newly profest were not named in the Contract, nor had ratified it, yet they were obliged by it, as the new Monks of a Monastery are bound to pay the debts of their predecessors in the same house. That the Dowers of the new Nuns coming by acquisition to the Convent, were from thenceforth subject to the discharge of priviledged debts, as the price of the said house, which was their habitation and part of their Alimony: That the juniority they alledged could stand them in no stead, because the pur­chase was made with all formalities requisite, and by the Authority and Counsel of their Su­periours who had contracted; and therefore the Contract must stand, otherwise no person will Contract for like establishments, nor with [Page 269] Nuns. That the desire of an object came as well by the ears as the eyes▪ so that it was not necessary the buyer should see the thing he would buy, but it sufficed if he knew its condi­tion and value by the report of another: That there had not been any deceit, fraud, surprize, or trapan on F. Forgets part, who in his Impor­tant Avisoes delivered nothing but what was true concerning the description of this house: That the platforms and models of that house which he gave them, were true, if the places were measured by the foot of Metz according to the custom of the Countrey where they were drawn: That the Nuns had the liberty to cause it to be viewed before they took possession; that they had perused it six weeks, ratified the Con­tract, and declared it agreeable to the model received of F. Forget in the City of Mascon, and that they had found it fair and more conve­nient for regularity, and the functions of their institution, than they conceived or imagined at the time of the purchase; that if F. Forget had been their Director Spiritual and Temporal, it was an extraordinary favour received of him who deserved other acknowledgements than those they made, and that for this reason they could not annul the ratification, for otherwise they who intermedled with their direction, and should take care of their temporalities and af­fairs could make no Contract with them; that [Page 270] the intervention of their Parents and Kindred was precarious and useless: Therefore he concluded, that without regard to their Let­ters of Rescision and restitution, or to their opposition, the App [...]llants and Opposants should lose the benefit thereof, and pay costs to the Defendant.

Ioly was heard for the Kings Atturny Ge­nerall, and said, That the business depending was of great importance, as well in respect of the parties contesting, as the Grounds of the Suit: That the Court was possessed of the Cause by an Appeal put in by the new profess'd Vrsulines of Metz, for seisures made at the re­quest of the Jesuites on the Goods given them by their kindred for their Dowers and alimo­ny: And that the cause of the seizure was a contract made in 1649. with the Vrsulines of M [...]scon, whereof till then they had no know­ledge, and were thereupon obliged to obtain Letters of Rescision against this Contract, to declare it null, by reason of their being dam­nified above a moity of the just price, the per­sonal deceit on Father Forge [...]s part; who had made the sale, and the juniority on the Gran­ [...]ees part: That whereas question was made in the Cause, touching the quality of the De­mandants, as not parties capable to plead, without the assistance of their Superior, the establishment of the quality was a thing pre­vious [Page 271] to the Suit, and that he was of opinion, that this obiection was not con [...]iderable, be­cause the Appellants only were concerned in the differences now in Judgement, as well be­cause that if the Jesuites pretensions took place they should be reduced to beggery, and see themselves deprived of things given for their Dowers and Aliment, without having con­tracted with or known these suits to have been their Creditors, as also for that the Superior and other Nunnes remaining of the 8 come from Mascon, to make this new establishment, should be received at any time to return into the Convent, whereof they were alwayes deemed to be part, according to the rules and constitutions of their Order. That which re­moves all obstacles in this point, is that in all Communities Secular and Regular, when any thing hath past prejudicial or contrary to the Canons, Ordinances and Arrests, there is not one particular member in the body, who hath not good ground of Appeal as for wrong; and that in such case the assistance of the head was needless, for that it falls out often in such oc­casions, that the head is the party to be com­plained of. Having established the quality of the partyes Appellants, with a brief summary explication of the fact, the parties reasons for maintaining their pretensions, he said, It might have been wished that an affair of this nature [Page 272] had not appeared in publique: And that the partyes had not of themselves been inclined to have agreed among themselves and done one another Justice. That it was horrid to see per­sons who made profession of a life more perfect than other men, disposed to break the sacred tye of that holy union, which we ought to finde among the most Lukewarm Christians▪ that we must endeavour by exact examination to stoppe the further oppression of Justice and Equity, and to preserve them from incerti­tude in their stations. To effect this, we must inquire whether the damages sustained exceed the moity of the Just price, whether there were any deceit or surprize, whether the Appellants were Minors, and lastly how con [...]iderable the Contract in question might be: To settle the damage he said, That the house had been bought by the Iesuites by Decree for 22 thou­sand 300 Livres Messines, every Livre twenty Groats value, which makes 12 Sols six Deniers Tournois, and amounted in all to 13 thousand 935 Livres, ten Sols Tournois. That the Ie­suites had assured the Vrsulines as well by Let­ters as by their Avisoes, entituled Important, that the house with the improvements would come to 30 thousand Livres, not adding Messines: That as to the reparations and improvements, they produced no Accompt or acquittance of the workmen who had laboured there; so that [Page 273] it might be truly said that they had none, or that they were so inconsiderable, they durst not shew the just summe they amounted to. That it was true the Iesuites agreed not to the value of Livres Messines, as before reduced to Livres Tournois, but would by this means have ob­scured the business, and prevent Judgement at the hearing; but at last upon the Defen­dants Calculation by Letters, the 22 thousand 300 Livres Messines were valued at no more than 16 thousand Livres Tournois; so that the damage remained still most enormous, a [...]d approached very near the moity of the just price. As to the fraud and deceit, it was visible by them that F. Forget had great power over the V [...]sulines, who placed an intire confidence in his words and writings; so that it was no wonder that they gave so easily 30 thousand Livres Tournois for a house which he assured them to be worth so much; which he offered to justifie, laying a Paper on the Table to de­clare the particulars, but never spoke to them of Livres Messines which was the [...]quivocation that drew the V [...]sulines into the snare. That instead of shewing the Contracts and Acquit­tances, he stipulated that after payment of the purchase-money for the house, he would de­liver into the Nunn [...]s hands Extracts of all the Contracts and Evidences concerning the said [...]ouse: Further, that neither the Nunnes, nor [Page 274] any person on their behalf had seen the house, [...]nd that there was presented them a modell which was not agreeable to the house, but re­presented the house fairer and more convenient for Lodgings, and of greater extent than in truth it was, being 16 fadomes, two feet and three inches more than the house did effectual­ly contain, as appeared by the last process ver­bal of the view taken by Order of this Court. The truth is, the Iesuites, to defend themselves against this objection which annulled the Con­tract, for that it was an error in the substance and matter of the Contract, would have de­nyed the modell as a counterfeit thing, and not delivered by them, had it not been signed in two places by Fa. Forget; so that they be­thought themselves of the shift to say, that the Stair-cases were added in the modell which are usually left out of designs of Architecture, and confined themselves at last to the sole de­fence of saying, that the measure of the Stairs was not taken by the Kings fadom, as in truth it was, but by the fadom of that Countrey; which caused a greater Errour, for that the fadom of Metz is almost two foot and a half greater than the Kings. That true it was, by the foot it was less than that of France, but it was as true, that it contained ten feet, and▪ that of France but six: As to their minority, there was no difficulty in the case, since it was in­sisted, [Page 275] that the Nunnes newly pro [...]est were Minors not only in respect of their Age, but of their quality of Nunnes, and as members of a Community which is alwayes considered in minority: But▪ against all those reasons, the Iesuites opposed the prescription of 12 years, and that it was never heard of, that a pur­chaser should be received to propose damnifi­cation, thereby to procure▪ restitution of the purchase-money paid, or part thereof. As to the prescription, it could not be pleaded against the Nunnes newly profest; for that they could not be esteemed a Community till they were of the number of three, according to the Law, Ner atius at D. de verb. signif. Besides, it may be said, the Community hath not yet com­menced, for that they have not any admini­stration of the affairs of the house, as appear­ed by a Letter produced by the Iesuites, writ­ten by their Superior to F. Forget, wherein she told him she took excessive pains, to con­ceal from the new Nunnes the state of the House, and feared their care in the inqui [...]y would quench in them the spirit of their vo­cation.

As to the restitution, there were some diffi­culty in it in the state of his Majority, but in a Minors Case damnification is a sufficient cause of Restitution: That the Iesuites them­selves had been relieved in a purchase they [Page 276] made as was observed by the Demandants ad­vocate, though they were damnified but a third part: That in the last place it was opposed on the Iesuites part, that the Contract was rati­fied five or six dayes after the Cloysture of the Nunnes. But this Act was of no force, for that it was signed at the Grate, and by Duresie▪ That the terms it contained made it suspicious, for instead of a pure and simple ratification they made an Elogy of this House to the Nun [...], who upon a visible induction were to say, that they found it much fairer and more conveni­ent than they had imagined it to have been▪ though in truth it be less commodious and spacious than by the modell it ought to have been. But though this Act had been drawn in the best form, it might be said it could not any wayes oblige the new Nunnes, for that when the Act was past, not one of them was then received into the Monastery, and that since their Entry they had not ratified any Act: That the last observation to be made, was to consider the validity of the Contract, which may be said to be absolutely null, for that no person is thereby obliged: Not the Nunnes of Mascon who passed it, for that by an express Clause they had stipulated, that they were not in any wi [...]e to be bound in, or lyable unto the payment of the Principal and Interest of such sums as might become due in pursuance of the [Page 277] said Contract. Not the Nunnes newly profest, who were never privy to the Contract, nor ra­tified it afterwards, so that they were in Sta [...] [...]ntegro; that they were neither bound perso­nally nor by reall security: That if it were objected, that the Nunnes of Mascon had obli­ged the dowers of the new profest Nunnes, it were vain, since it would prove to be Res inter alios acta quae tertio noc [...]re non debet. So that we may observe an enormous damnification in this Contract, a considerable surprize, a con­stant minority, against which they could not prescribe; and three nullities, whereof two might be drawn from the disagreement of the house with the modell: The first, by reason of the error that occurred in the substance of the thing sold, the other drawn from the defect of capacity and ability to contract, for that the permission and Authorization of the Lord Bi­shop of Mascon, was grounded on the Confor­mity of the modell with the house. And for the third nullity it might be taken from the Contract which was null in it self, as not effe­ctually obliging any person to the execution. Therefore he was of opinion, that there was sufficient reason to receive the Kindred inter­venant in the Cause, and to do them right upon their intervention, together with the Let­ters of rescision, and allowing them to declare the contract in suit null and of none effect, [Page 278] and consequently to remitt the parties into such estate as they had before the Contract of 1649. to convert the Appeal into opposition, and ha­ving done right thereon, to grant an Ousterle­main to the Demandants for the things seized▪ Co [...]rcol was afterwards heard for the Nunnes, Demanding Dismission in the Cause against the Provincial of the Iesuites, and that as to the profits, the Arrest to be Given to binde the Pro­vincial.

The Court having regard to the Lett [...]rs, and allowing the same, hath remit [...]ed, a [...]d remitts the partyes into the same Estate they were in before the Contract in question, unless the Jesuites had rather rest satisfied with 18 thousand Livres in full payment for the house; and declare their opti­on within a month: H [...]th Received and receives the partyes intervenant; the Nunnes Kindred in respect of their intervention to Convert the Appeal into opp [...]sition, and having done them right therein▪ to grant the Demandants an [...] for the things seized, without [...]. Hath granted a Dis­mission in the Cause of the Provincial of the [...]e­suites, and for the profits▪ hath declared, that h [...] shal [...] be bound by the present Arrest.

Signed, Bouchard,

THE Famous Banquerupt OF THE Iesuites of Sevil;
For above four hundred and fifty thou­sand Ducats, to the ruine of a multitude of persons and whole families;
As appears by the Relation inserted in the Spanish Book, Intituled the Theatre of Jesuitism, pag. 378. And by the MEMORIAL presented to the King of Spain in person by the Creditors of the Colledge of the Jesuites of Sevil concerning this Banquerupt: Faithfully rendred out of a Spanish Copy under the hand of Iohn Vn [...]fre Salazar; whereby is discovered that spirit of Ambition, Avarice, and Iniquity that reigns in the Iesuites.

See the words of the Memorial.

JOhn Onufre de Salazar in his Name, and the Names of other your Majesties Subjects [...]redi­tors of the Colledge of Jesuites of Sevil, commonly [Page 280] called St. Hermenigildes, come to prostrate them­selves once more at your feet, to represent to your Clemency the lamentable effects of a banquerupt of the said Colledge for above four hundred and fifty thousand Ducats, and to desire justice against the most pernicious cheat that ever was heard of, and whereof no precedent was ever seen in these Kingdomes since the establishment of this Monarchy, they shall not be declared at large. SIR, With tears, and other lamentable agitations of grief and affliction, which have been the only payment, made so many poor Widdows, so many Orphans, so ma­ny Wives separated from their Husbands, so many Nunnes without a Monastery, so many ruined Gen­tlemen, and generally so many persons of several sorts, who trusted this Religious House, being in greatest credit among all those in this City, with their only stock, for subsistence, their Dowers, the patrimony of their, Children, who now sustain greater Losses▪ Imp [...]stures and malice, from this House of Religion, than ever they imagined to avoid by qu [...]ing commerce with secular men. But they will con [...]ent themselves to represent to your Majesty with all possible brevity the state of this affair, omitting of purpose many things that appear by the Proc [...]ss at Law, and reporting nothing disagreeing from it, but closing in few words what ought to be [...]reated at large.

[...]riar Andrew De Villar, being the Procura­tor of the Colledge, imployed his thoughts to [Page 281] improve and increase their estate, and to this effect borrowed at interest, upon [...]ents and other securities above 450 thousand Ducats, whereof he made use to trade in Sevil. He im­barqued for the Indies several sorts of Mer­chandises, Linnens, Iron, Saffron and Cinna­mon; he built Houses and Mills, bought Lands▪ Gardens and many other things. This Money he borrowed of persons best affected to their Colledge, and depending most upon it, and of some others: The most grave Fathers of the Company assisted him in this affair of borrow­ing, which he compassed to his and their sa­tisfaction by his address, and his good mana­gery; being Authorized by powers received of his Superiors, which is justified by several Ac­compts seized in his Custody, and by several Memorials and Registers, wherein he made mention of all.

[...]. Peter de Aviles Provincial of Andaluzia, and Rector of the Colledge, considering the condition of their estate, and desirous to main­tain this house in its Grandeur, and wealth, the holy zeal they have for their Greatness put them upon the search of all means imaginable for success in their designs: They found none so ready as to dispose their affairs, so that their Creditors might lose a moity of their debt, and made use of one of their Confidents to make the proposal. They debated it together, [Page 282] Whether it might be for their purpose to send out process to their Creditors, and all the reasons Father Villar represented to them in a Memorial produced in the suit depending in Your Majesties Councel, Piece 3. fol. 144. could not divert them from the resolution they had taken already, never troubling themselves for the loss of their credit. This appears by the Original Letter of F. de Aviles▪ produced also in the said suit, piece 3. fol. 136. See here the express terms of the Letter of this Provincial to the said Procurator. I have received the Me­morial, wherein you set forth reasons to diver [...] [...] from sending Process to our Creditors, I have con­sidered of them seriously, [...], that by pr [...]dent management of [...] [...]ffair, which is [...] our power and ordering, we shall remove most [...]f the inconveniencies that may arise from it. The less of our credit doth not much trouble us, for that as the Proverb sayes, What can you have more of the Cat than her skin, or the Crow than her Feathers? above fifty or at least forty thousand Ducats [...] not the last year to stopp the mouths [...]f our Creditors, much less will so much be suff [...] ­cient at present. We have no more left that we can tell. And there is no other way to avo [...]d these Losses than to reduce the Interests to the Rents▪ and think [...]f no other payment than what we are obliged to by our reall securities: I have sent [Page 283] you the Ratification: The Lord preserve you, &c.

Peter de Aviles▪

The 8. of March, 1645. being the day ap­pointed for execution of what they had long before designed, the first thing they did was the Arresting of Villar the Procurator of the Col­ledge, under pretence of an Assembly and Consultation they intended to hold, and took from him all his books of Accompts, Papers and Registers he had in his Chamber.

The day following being March 9. the Pro­vincial and Rector assembled all their Creditors in their house of profession, and in presence of the most considerable persons, and of best qua­lity in the City, who came to this Assembly, the Provincial declared the desire they had to give satisfaction to all the world, endeavour­ing nevertheless at the same time to perswade them to lose the moity of what was their due. And though they had caused a Notary to come, that they who could be made consent to so im­pious a resolution should sign it before him, there was not one person would do it: The small hopes they saw of success in their design, gave them cause the next day being the tenth of the same month, by means of their Rector to suborn a Creditor, who having accepted the [Page 284] Proposal made by the Provincial should call upon the rest of the Creditors to accept as he had done, and joyn all together to receive pay­ment accordingly: Upon this demand a Judge Conservator named by the Colledge, proceeds to the sequestration of the Estate of the Col­ledge, but acted with so much partiality, and other defaults in the procedure, that he gave the Rector of the Iesuites way to pay them who would receive Money, six millions of Marave­dis, and the Conservator himself paid above fourteen thousand Ducats, and in all these pay­ments made by the Rector and Conservator, they followed the Orders given by the F. F. Iesuites, and executed to their power the Pro­vincials de [...]ign, changing personal debts into real securities, and treating with every one how much he would lose.

The procuring of a Conservator wholly at their devotion was of so much advantage to the Iesuites, that by assuring him or recom­pence of a pension of one thousand Ducats per annum; they made him their Protector, who ought to have been the avenger of such cheats, and criminal impostures. The noise of this Ban­querupt was so great, and so scandalous, that all the world was amazed and scandalized at it, and especially the Creditors who saw no reme­dy for their misery, nor comfort for their af­fliction; for they who had treated with these [Page 285] Fathers saw themselves involved in great in­conveniencies for what they had quitted to them, and almost hopeless of receiving any part of the residue which the Iesuites were re­solved to reserve to maintain the splendour of their Colledge, and to keep it up in that height of riches and lustre, wherein their other houses in Sevil to the number of six do flourish (viz. The Colledges of St. Herminigilde, the Noviciate, St. Gregory, the English Colledge, the Irish Col­ledge, the house of profession, the Colledge de las Va­cas.)

Iohn Onufre de Salazar, in his name, and the name of all others the Creditors had recourse to the only Sanctuary that remained, being your Majesties Council-Royal, whom he petitioned to apply a [...] remedy to so great a wound, and to stop the effusion of so many of your poor sub­jects blood, by obliging them who had given the wound to cure it. The request he presented was so full of strong and moving Reasons, that they wrought compassion in the Council; so that they ordered the audience of Sevil to take cognizance of the affair, and make their report to the Council which was accordingly done, with an addition of several learned considera­tions in augmentation and confirmation of Sa­lazars relation: Upon the report the Council gave a special Commission to the Li [...]entiat D. Iohn de Santelices Counsellour in the same [Page 286] Counc [...]l, and then President of the Audience of Sevil, to proceed to the sequestration of all the estate of the Colledge, untill the Creditors were fully paid, and to make inquiry and search for their goods, papers and books of account they had hid and put out of the way; a few dayes after, by vertue of this Commission he ordered the Procurator of the Colledge to make ready his accounts: But the Conservator refusing not­withstanding to quit the cognizance of the af­fair, the Procurator Fiscal of the Audience of Sevil intervened in behalf, and for defence of the Iurisdiction-Royal, and required the Conser­vator to decline the business, for that he was prohibited to take cognizance of it, and the cause to be remitted to the Judge delegated by the Council; whereupon several writings past on the one side, and the other, which coming to the knowledge of the Procurator-General of your Majesties Council, he desired, that for stopping this Conservator, who was so obstinate­ly humoursome in his endeavours to intrude in­to, and retain to himself the judgement of this affair, That it might be declared by arrest, that the Estate of the Colledge of Iesuites was a lay estate; which was done accordingly by an ar­rest of the Council of Feb. 5. 1647. By vertue of which arrest your Majesties first and second Letters of provision were dispatched, prohibi­ting the Conservator to intermeddle in the af­fair, [Page 287] and ordering him to transmit all the evi­dences and process he had into the hands of the Judge appointed by the Council: The Conser­vator had notice of these Letters, but was so far from obeying them, tha [...] before the third Letter could be issued out by ordinary course, he de­clared by sentence given at the pursuit of the Iesuites, that all the Estate of the Colledge was Ecclesiastical, except only thirty thousand Du­cats: This engaged the Creditors to prove the [...]alsi [...]y of this judgement, which they did in a year and a halfs time to their great costs and charges▪ and at last justified all the estate of the Colledge to be secular, except only that of the foundation which amounted to no more than eight hundred Ducats rent.

The Iesuites having failed of their design in this article, invented another which was to cause persons to intervene in the suite, who should pretend themselves Creditors, and set forth false promises, and produce forged obli­ga [...]ons. This may easily be made out, in that most of the promises are promises of the Reli­gio [...]s brethren of the company under the names of S [...]ulars, and others in favour of the Procu­rator of the Colledge under the names of S [...]cu­lars, but supposititious and feigned, as was veri­fied by the information exhibited by the audi­ence of Sevil by order of the Council, and pro­duced in the first [...]piece of the pro [...]ss, Fol. 42. [Page 288] They made them sign a Compromise, but that they acted this by indirect means, appears [...] that seventy six p [...]rsons who sig [...]ed it were poor Widows and Maidens without any support, and the rest are Iesuites of the same Colledge: But this was done [...]n design only to immorta­lize the Suite in this affair, to retard the pay­ment, and that in the mean time they might continue Masters of the whole, and thereby pre­vent your Majesties Council from relieving the grievances of your poor subjects or healing the wound the Iesuites had given them in causing them to lose all their estates. They had also a design by this dissimulation and cheat to give their Banquerupt some colour of honesty, and cover their Knavery with a plausible pretence, as if they who are cited to appear at Law be­came Banquerupt after the Suite commenced: These Creditors by the Compromise consented to lose proportionably so much of their re­spective debts, as five of them to be deputed to that purpose should judge meet, which five are the most addicted to the Iesuites▪ and most near­ly concerned with them. And 'tis remarkable that one of them is F. Andrew de Villar whom they caused to leave the Colledge for that pur­pose, and at present he solicites subscriptions to the Compromise and process in this Court in a Secular habit: These Creditors have also a­greed, that until they have assigned a provisi­on [Page 289] sufficient for maintaining the Fathers, the Rector of the Colledge shall have one of the two keys of the chest wherein they have put all the money both of the Stock and Rents of the Creditors, and that the Iesuites shall keep this this key till the deputies have assigned them three thousand five hundred D [...]cats rent to be enjoyed by them, and received out of the clear­est and best estate of the Colledge now all seque­stred.

Besides this they enjoy above sixteen hundred Ducats, which they have taken away from Don Roderigo Barba Cabeca de Vaca inhabitant of Se­vil who is also their Creditor, for they have usurped from him for thirty nine years, three thousand three hundred Ducats Rent left him by Iohn de M [...]nsalvo his Uncle one of the 24 of Sevil, who trusted and left them by way of Depo­s [...]um in hands of a Iesuite of this Colledge his Confessor; the Fathers being content to give the said D. Roderigo three hundred Ducats per annum as almes from them, because he was a poor Gentleman. This is justified by a Book which the Licentiat D. Iohn de Santelices found among other papers of the Colledge, which was intituled, The Book of Secret Works of Piety, wherein there was a note of instruction given by the Superiours in these terms: We must tem­porize with De Roderick Barba. Cabeca de Vaca till the death of the Beneficiary D. Segner de [Page 290] Velasco, and afterwards let the gate be shut a­gainst Roderick as a person with whom we have nothing to do: Under which there follows this further instruction, no person, save the Procurators of the Colledge, the Rector, the Provincial and Consultors of the Province ought to have cognizance of this Book, and the goods whereof it speaks: This we learn in the three and four pieces of second process.

By means of these sixteen hundred of D. Ro­dericks, and the three thousand five hundred annual provision assigned them by the said De­puties by their own Authority, without speak­ing of other Rents, these Fathers are more at ease, and better accommodated than ever they were before the Banquerupt, and the process of the Creditors; and if they gain what they pre­tend to, in obtaining a confirmation of this new Compromise sorting so well to their ad­vantage; their Colledge shall possess their estate after the Banquerupt with more assurance than before, unless, as the common saying is, We stop the pipes that carry water to their mill. This ought not to be suffered, chiefly because the Council on the positive demand of the Cre­ditors was possessed of the cause, and interposed their puissant & sovereign authority for recove­ry of all this estate, and payment of all the Cre­ditors; This the Judge executes who was named by the Council. And as the Iesuites know well [Page 291] enough, that all their subtleties will be disco­vered if they come to be examined by the Cre­ditors proofs, who make it appear that all the Estate of these Fathers is temporal, since the R [...] ­venues of benefices which are spiritual are an estate temporal, they are afraid the Council may judge accordingly; and this hath obliged them to make the deputation to the five Credi­tors their Confident, to try, if by colour of their not being Authors of this cheat, whereof in truth they are guilty, they may exempt them­selves from the jurisdiction of your Council, where their publick commerce, their illegal traffick, and damnable negotiations for aggran­dizing their estate hath been already so clearly proved.

All this, Sir, hath need of a speedy and ex­emplary remedy, and the Creditors hope from your Majesties Piety and Justice, that they shall owe you, Sir, those lives which the Iesuites have rendred so troublesome by the miseries and necessities they see themselves reduced to, that they esteem it greater happiness to lose them, than to be obliged to live without abili­ty to maintain themselves in that port and rank they formerly flourished in respectively▪ 'Tis possible they may breath again if the Judge of the Council causes payment to be made them, and these men of Religion learn at the same time, that they ought not under pretence of [Page 292] their priviledges, and of their profession to ruine their best friends, but content themselves with what the Laws allow them to possess: By stop­ping the course of so dangerous a precedent, the I [...]sui [...]es of other Colledges and Provinces will see, it concerns them more to accustome them­selves to tra [...]fick in prayers and supplications, to pass with safety the Sea of the miseries and tra­vels of this world, where so many are ship­wracked, than to apply themselves to trade for the Indies, to send merchandizes thither, and to maintain Commerce, and get Gain prohibi­ted by Law.

'Tis, Sir, very remarkable, and merits a par­ticular attention, that the other Colledges of the Iesuites of the Province of Andaluzia, owe great sums of money to many private persons which are no less considerable than those of the house of Sevil; and they attend with impa­tience the resolution of your Council, that they may do as their brethren of Sevil have done, if they come off well in this affair; for their thirst to amass money, Sir, is so insatiable, that it is believed, their houses in both Castilles owe two millions of money for things deposited with them in confidence of fair dealing, for monies they have borrowed, and for debts they have contracted on divers pretences.

'Tis worthy observation of how great sums they defraud the Church and your Patrimony [Page 293] Royal, in that neither this Colledge, nor any house of theirs in the Kingdome pay any tythes▪ Imposts, or part of the Contributions which are levied for your Majesty on Ecclesiastical Estates; so that it would be more profitable for the Church and your Majesty, that these Estates were possessed by Secular persons.

You cannot too much consider and reflect upon these sins, and those crimes which the ruine and poverty of so many Widows, Mai­dens, and women of quality have caused; and what strangers not well grounded in our Faith and Religion may say, to see an affair of this Nature pass before the eyes of a King so Ca­tholick and Just, and of his Council-Royal, consisting of persons so eminently Christian; besides what may be apprehended from the desperate resolutions of so many considerable persons who find themselves ruined in ho­nour, and their Estates, which they see in the hands of their Enemies.

These poor Creditors, SIR, most hum­bly beseech your Majesty with tears in their eyes, that you would protect them in a Cause so worthy of your Majesties Care, and Chri­stian Charity, since the Justice thereof doth so clearly appear to you; And that you will be Graciously pleased to order your Coun­cil, [Page 294] that in regard of the evident malice of the Iesui [...]s they would not give place for further delayes, nor permit any new inci­dents to be foysted into the Cause now de­pending, but think it sufficient that the Ie­suites have already had eight years time to plead, and not allow th [...]m to make the Pro­cess immortal, as they vaunt they will do by their great credit: These miserable Creditors shall spend their lives, and consume these poor remains of their Estate (which these Fa­thers have not taken away) to prosecute this Suite, and solicite the payment of their debt, if the Judge appointed by the Council to take [...]ognizance of this Banquerupt, and the Plaint of the Creditors will not cause payment to be made them, by dispatching the third pro­vi [...]ion, and an Act to declare, that the Estate of the Iesuites is not Ecclesiastical, to the end the Conservator named by the Colledge intermeddle not any further in the business, nor take any cognizance thereof, and that in the same time he vacate and annul this new and artificial deputation.

YOVR MAIESTY, SIR, shall in this do a piece of service very acceptable to God, and by this means your poor subjects the Creditors shall recover their Estates, and shall every one live in the Rank, Honour, [Page 295] and Reputation suitable to their quality, which this Banquerupt hath caused▪ them to lose.

Signed, Iohn Onufre de Salazar.

THE History of this FAMOVS BAN­QVERVPT is reported by the Au­thor of the IESVITICK THE ATRE, pag. 378. Where the Relation agrees exact­ly with this Memorial, with this addition onely, that the Council prohibited the Conser­vator the cognizance of the affair, and order­ed him to transmit all the papers to D. Iohn de Sante [...]ices. By this means de Villar was set at liberty from the Iesuites prison, and secured upon bayle in t [...]e Convent of Saint Francis, where he made it appear to the world, that he had done nothing in all this but by order of his Superiours, whose original Letters he produced to stop the mouths of these Fathers, and silence their Calumnies, which Letters are inserted in the proceedings [Page 296] at Law, and Copies of them dispersed in se­veral places: Villar was affraid, that if aft [...]r this he entred again among the Iesuites, they might practise on him the Doctrine of their Father Amy, who allows a man of Religion to kill him who publishes things scandalous of his Order, as they had practised on seve­ral occasions, and particularly on the per­son of Doctor Iohn D' Espino whom they poysoned three times; which is so notorious, that there is not a person in Spain or the In­dies, who fears not their poysons and vio­lencies: This obliged Villar to quit the Ie­suites habit, and take his cloak and his sword, and to marry in the peace and face of the Church, having first obtained a dispensation of the vowes [...]e had made four or five times, but they were vowes for the profess [...]on of Ie­suitisme, to which nothing can oblige a man. Now the Iesuites give out, that the Cause of the Banquerupt was the Knavery of Villar who reigns in his roguery, and triumphs, and feasts himself with the spoils of other men. He an­swers, they lye, and refers himself to what ap­pears in writing, and tells them, mens tongues should be silent when prayers and such evi­dences speak, which is exprest in the Sp [...]nish Proverb; Hablen Cartasy callen barbas.

[Page 297] The same Author recounts afterwards a sto­ry to which this Proverb hath some relation, which we have rendered verbatim out of ano­ther Spanish Impression which seems more ex­act, and contains the matter we come next to declare.

Other Marks of the Avarice, Injustice and Cheats of the Iesuites in the following Story, re­ported by the Author of the Iesui­tique Theatre, pag. 381. and another Printed Book in Spanish, ENTITULED, A Relation of the Passages in the strange Discovery made by D' John De Santelices Guevara, Councellor in the Councell Royall, of the Fraud and Cheat whereby the Jesuites of the Colledge of St. Hermenigilde of Sevil, con­cealed and detained for above 39▪ Years, from D. Rod [...]rick Barba Cabera de Vaca, In­habitant of the said City, Three thousand three hundred Ducats Rent, left him by John de Monsalve his Vnkle, one of the 24The Com [...]on-coun­cil of the City. of Sevil, which all that time they enjoyed to th [...]ir own use and behoof, giving him only 300 Ducats yearly by way of Almes.

THE Councel Royall of Castille, having granted a Commission to the Si [...]ur D. Iohn De Santelices Councellor in the said Coun­cell, [Page 299] and President of the Audience Royall of Sevil, for taking cognizance of the Process and causes of the Assembly of the Creditors of the Iesuites of the Colledge of St. H [...]rmenigilde of the said City, to seize all the Goods and Rents of the said Iesuites, to search for such Goods as they had concealed and laid out of the way, and to recover them, and to give intire satis­faction to the said Creditors by payment, the said Sieur D. Iohn caused all the books of Ac­compts, of the store and Chest of the said Col­ledge to be brought before him, for the better execution of what was enjoyned him. Among others he found a book intituled, A Book of secret works of piety: Reading it leaf by leaf he saw the manner how the Accompts were to be kept, of the imploy and distribution of the said secret works of piety, so called because the Fa­thers were Masters thereof; as also the Ac­compts given by the Provincials, at their Vi­sitations by the Stewards or Procurators of the Colledge, all [...]igned with the hands of the Provincials: There he findes written these ve­ry words: We must temporize with Don Rode­rick Barba Cabeca de Vaca, till the death of the Beneficiary John Segner de Velasco, and when he is dead shut the door against Roderick Barba, as a person we have nothing to do with. And a little lower another advertisement, importing, That no person ought to have Cognizance of this [Page 300] Booke, n [...]r of the Estate and Revenues of the Colledge, but only the Procurators, the Rector, the Provincial and Consultors of the Province. The said Sieur D. Iohn having taken great notice of this Title, and the two advertisements, and Articles of the Book cited before him the said De Villar, formerly Procurator of the Colledge, but then in the Convent of St. Francis, D. Ro­drick Barba, and the Beneficiary Iohn Segner de Velasco: And having given them their Oaths, and demanded what they could say to these Articles, and what this pious work was, they declared as followeth, and confirmed it by Oath.

Nine and thirty years agoe, a Gentleman, one of the 24 of Sevil, called Iohn De Mon­salve, returned very rich from the Indies: He was not marryed, nor had any Childe, but a woman sued him who pretended to be his Daughter, and that he had not only begot­ten her before marriage, but that afterwards he privately married her mother, so that she was his daughter, and could not be debarred from inheriting his Estate. Iohn de Monsalve falling sick of the sickness, whereof he dyed, while this suit depended, for clearing his Conscience sent for a Iesuite of the Colledge of St. Hermenigilde, with whom he settled what concerned his Conscience and Testa­ment, and told him the Action this woman [Page 301] had brought against him was altogether un­just, and the matter of fact she had alleadged utterly false, and that he was obliged to dispose of his Testament so, as this woman might not know after his death what he should leave behind him, in Money and Moveables. Whereupon this Father ordered his Testament as followeth.

Iohn De Monsalve hath disposed of his Im­moveables (which could not be concealed▪ nor conveyed out of the way) by right of eldership Heritable, and made D. Roderick Barba Cabeta de Vaca his Nephew heir there­of; and as to his Moveables and Money, which amounted to eighty five thousand Du­cats, he made a Writing signed by himself and the said F. Jesuite his Confessor, where­by he declared he would leave the said sum by way of Dep [...]situm in the hands of the said Fa­ther, that in case after his death judgment were given for him in the suit, or that on any occasion this woman would d [...]sist from her pretensions, all the Estate he left in the Ie­suites hands should descend by right of Elder­ship, excepting only 800 Ducats per Ann. which he reserved out of this Revenue, to be imployed in the marriage of a certain number of Maidens, in the redemption of such a number of Captives, and to buy provision o [...] Victuals for the Prisons for certain dayes. [Page 302] Ordaining further, that if any of those to whom this right of Eldership should descend; had Children, those works of piety should cease, but so as provision should be first made for giving and founding an endowment for portions, suitable to the Condition and qua­lity of a number of maidens to be marryed, and the heirs by right of eldership to be Pa­trons and Administrators of this work of piety: Pursuant to this disposal, the said summe of 85 thousand ducats, and the wri­ting were put into the hands of the F. Iesuite, who assured Monsalve they should be used ac­cording to the declarations above-mentioned.

Iohn De Monsalve being dead▪ his Heirs and Executors of his will, soon after agreed with the woman, who for ten thousand Du­cats of Billon or black Money, (a sort of Base Coyn cry'd down) surceased her pro­ceedings, and quitted her pretensions. And the Woman within a short time after dyed without Heirs, which had been sufficient alone to end the suit; so that the Iesuite was obli­ged as the case stood, to ha [...]e published the writing, and have paid the money to Monsal­ve's heirs: But all this was too little to in­cline the Iesuites to discover the Money and Writing, either in the life-time of this Con­fessor, or after his death. And thus they de­tained for above 39 years this summe, out of [Page 303] which they raised a Rent of three thousand three hundred Ducats per ann. which they have enjoyed to this present, when Providence hath so ordered the matter, that the scandalous and lamentable Banquerupt of their Colledge hath caused the discovery of this particular Business.

The Sieur Iohn De Santelices forthwith caused a Copy to be made of Monsalve's Te­stament, and annexing it to the other Papers, Declarations and Verifications, transmitted them to his Majesty and his Councell Royall of Castille, where the suit of the Creditors of the Bankrupt Colledge depends; See the Pro­cess No. 3. and 60.

The Councel having seen all these pieces of Obedience, ordered they should be communi­cated to the Attorney Generall, who gave his opinion thereof: On the other side D. Rode­rick Cabeca sent a procuration to demand from the Councell a Councellor, to be named Com­missioner, for determining this Process. The Councell thereupon sent a special Commission to the Sieur D. I [...]hn de Santelices, to take cog­nizance of this affair, and put the said Roderick in possession of this Estate, causing the Iesuites to make restitution of the Principal Money with all the mean profits made by the use thereof. D. Iohn de Santelices began to cause this to be executed, and his successors in that [Page 304] Charge continue the execution to this day.

As to these words of the book of Pious works, We must temporize with D. Roderick Barba Cabeca de Vaca, till the death of the Bene­ficiary John Segner de Velasco his Vnkle, and when he is dead, shut the door against Roderick as a person we have nothing to do with. They were inserted because the Iesuites gave him yearly three or four hundred Ducats, telling him that a Kinsman of his having left them the disposal of a pious work, they were very glad of the occasion to imploy it for his relief as a poor Gentleman.

And their design was, as appears by the book, to continue this Gift no longer than till the death of Iohn Seg [...]er de Velasco, who was the only person privy to the whole affair, being Cousin to Iohn de Monsalvo, whose life they hoped could not be long, being above four­score years old.

'Tis to be observed as a truth made out by this secret book, that for sever [...]l years they had conv [...]rted these charitable works of marrying Maidens, redeeming Captives and others, into Alms bestowed on the Fathers Of their po [...]r lit­tle profest house of Sevil as they call it.

A Iesuite of Madrid engages a Woman to give all her Estate to the Society by will, another Je­suite perswades her to give it her Heirs, and is expelled the Society for doing so. They destroy the life of another for the same Cause.

PAge 248. the Iesuites are of opinion, that no persons deserve Legacies better than they, which is founded on the detestable maxim in the last Paragraph of their secret advice, that all the Church militant together doth not so much good by all other Orders of Religion joyntly, as they alone doe. This sets them a­work to procure Gifts, and severely chastise such as promote not that design, as destroyers of the Society; whereof you have a fresh in­stance in the following story at Madrid.

A rich Woman, who had much Kindred in that City, fell sick: She had for her Confessor a Iesuite, who attended her in her weakness, and as a faithfull servant of the Company dis­posed her to make her will in favour of the Ie­suites, and leave them all her Estate, without the least thought or remembrance of persons whom Nature did strictly oblige to take care of, being her Nephews: The Confessor re­turned home overjoyed with his success, and in sport demanded the reward due to them that bring good newes, as thinking he had done [Page 306] an heroick Action, having gained the com­pany so considerable an Inheritance: It so fell out that one of these Fathers illustriously des­cended, and as Noble in Disposition as blood, was moved at this impudence, and desiring to undoe what the other had done, went to the sick womans house at a time when the Con­fessor was absent, his habit procured him en­trance, which had been denyed to one of ano­ther Order▪ for 'tis a Maxim of the Iesuite not to admit any of another Religious Order to the sick they visit, for fear they should re­verse what they have contrived. This good Iesuite brought a Notary with him, and re­presented to this woman, that in the condition she was in, she was more obliged to satisfie the duties of Nature than devotion, and so engaged her to revoke her Testament, and all the Lega­cies she had given the Society, and to leave her estate to her lawful heirs: The woman died, and the Confessor made himself master of the house, and all the keys; he caused the Testa­ment to be opened, whereby it appeared that she made the Iesuites sole heirs of all her estate: But as the Iesuite pleased himself in being Ma­ster of this inheritance, and having compassed his designs, and behaved himself with great haughtiness towards the Nephews of the wo­man, thinking to make them dance attendance in waiting his leasure for an inconsiderable Le­gacy [Page 307] their Aunt had left them, the Chief of the Nephews presented them the Codicil, took from the Iesuites the keys of the house, and drove them all out.

The Iesuites made narrow search for the Au­thor of this treason, and having found him to be the Father of whom we have spoken, the morrow after they put a billet under his nap­kin, commanding him to retire, for that the Company had no more need of hi [...] he went to prostrate himself at the feet of his Catholick Majesty, to whom he related the story, and was received into his protection, where he was safe from the fury of the Iesuites.

There is another Domestick example of this kind in the person of Father Ximenes, whose life the Iesuites of the profest [...]house of Madrid de­stroyed in 1633. for that being Confessor to a widow he had not advised her to give them her estate.

The Jesuites of Madrid Expel a Smiths S [...]n from their Society, but retain his money, which the Smith dexterously recovers.

P. 66. A Smith at Madrid placed his Son a­mong the Iesuites, and had him admitted for two thousand Ducats, though the Iesuites ha­bit commonly costs more; but after a short time they judged this young man not proper for [Page 308] them, as wanting the address and fineness ne­cessary for their profession▪ and stript him of his habit▪ he returns home to his Father, who went presently to the Iesuites and summoned them to perform the Contract he had made with them, for the reception of his Son; but when they refused to give ear to him, he sued them at law for his two thousand Ducats which they were obliged to restore, as having not sa­tisfied t [...] conditions on which they received them: They had credit enough to obtain sen­tence against the Smith, who seeing himself de­prived of the money his Sons Habit had cost him, resolved to make that whereby he had lost his money to regain it, and that the Iesuite [...] Habit which had cost h [...]m so much should be worth him something: So t [...]e next day he habited his Son like a Iesuite, and made him work and beat the Anvil that day, and after in the Robe and Hood of a Iesuite; this gave the people notice of the Iesuites cheat, who being mocked p [...]blickly for what they had done to the poor man and his Son, were at last ashamed of it, and restored him his money, which made him strip his Son of their Habit.

A Jesuite of Granada gives two contrary advices, but would not sign the one of them by reason of a Maxime of the Society to the contrary.

P. 121. Don Lewys Lasso de Vega being Ste­ward of Granada, the King demanded a Con­tribution from the City; an Assembly was call­ed and divided in Opinion, and every one con­sulted persons of learning, and fearing God, who might give them advice most profitable in their judgement for the good of the City: Some of either part went to advise with F. Marmol the Iesuite, then Divinity-professor at Granada, and afterwards Rector of the Colledge of St. Hermenigilde at Sevil, in whose time, and by whose Council they made that memorable Ban­querupt. The Answers this Father gave we [...]e suited to the desires of those who consulted him, whether to grant or refuse the Contribution, equally telling the one and the other that it would be a mortal sin for the one to grant, and the others to refuse it: Those who were for granting it, demanded of Father Marmol [...] his Opinion in writing to shew it to the Assembly that the Concession was Just, which the Ie­suite fraudly gave them and signed it: Those who were against the Kings demand, seeing F. Marmol so strongly of their Opinion, demand­ed also his sentiment under his hand, to l [...]t the [Page 310] Assembly see they had advised with him to pur­pose. But he made them answer, it was not the custome of the Society to sign Advices that were not pleasing to Kings and Princes: This I know by the relation of one of them who con­sulted him:

The Jesuites driven out of Malta for their in­satiable Avarice, and an abominable Crime.

P. 250. 'Tis certain, that 'tis not ordinary to expell whole Communities for the fault of one particular, and that persons of wisdome and judgement, as those who govern King­doms and Republicks punish not a whole Order of Religion for the miscarriage of one Fryar. This may assure us, that the Iesuites having been driven away from several parts, it was not for the fault of some particular person, but for that of the whole body, and the chiefs who govern it.

In 1643 or 1644. they were expelled Malta on this occasion.

They entred this Island with intention to make themselves Masters of the whole Order of St. Iohn Resident there; To gain credit with the Knights, they thought it their duty to charge themselves with the instruction and education of the young Knights brought up there. The Grand Master of the Order gave [Page 311] them a House, and Revenue sufficient to enter­tain them with honour. The Isle of Malta is of a rocky soyle and barren throughout, inso­much, that an inhabitant of the City cannot have a Garden without fetching earth from Si­cily in the Gallies. All the victuals they have comes by Sea; and Corn, (whereof the Mer­chants make commonly great gains) is very dear there. The Iesuites carried by their natu­tural inclination to traffick, entred into this Commerce to the great prejudice of the Island▪ they caused a great quantity of Corn to be im­ported from Sicily; which they locked up till they saw the people threatned with Famine▪ and in very great want, intending to sell it then at excessive rates. The Isle was in time sore pressed with Famine, and little corn re­maining in the Publick Granaries, or in those of private men; the Gallies of Biserte, and o­ther Vessels of Turkey blocked up their har­bours, were Lords of the Sea, and took all the Merchants Vessels that sayled, so that there was no hope of relief from Sicily: The Iesuites see­ing this extremity, were careful no [...] to declare that they had in their Granary about five thou­sand bushels of Corn to be sold, fearing, that if the Grand Master came to know it, he would oblige them to part with it at cheap rates with­out any profit. This made them think it fitter for their purpose to dissemble and make them­selves [Page 312] of the number of those who were in want▪ They went to the Great Master, and told him they were in extream necessity, and had passed the day before without a bit of bread, having none of their own, nor knowing where to buy any: The Grand Master who pittied and loved them, ordered some bushels to be given them of that little quantity of Cor [...] that remained. Some of the most considerable Knights would have stopped his Liberality, and prevented the Gift, telling him they were in­formed by persons who knew it very well, that the Iesuites had Corn sufficient to nourish the whole Island for several months; but the Grand Master regarded them not, but believed it the discourse of passionate persons ill affected to the Iesuites.

There happened at the same time a thing which the Author describes at large, but so hor­rible in all its circumstances, that I thought fit to pass it over in silence, and content my self with saying, that it was a crime so abominable, that it provoked all the K [...]ights to punish F. Cassiaita the Iesuite who was Author of it, in a manner proportioned to his fault, and after­wards clap'd him on board a Feluca with all his Companions, and sent them for Sicily.

The Colledge was presently searched, and a Granary found, con [...]aining Corn sufficient to maintain the whole City a long time. The [Page 313] Gra [...]d Master having heard the disorder com­mitted by the Knights in a place he looked up­on as a Sanctuary, came to the remedy when it was too late; they shewed him Granaries full of wheat, and disabused him in letting him see the truth of what they had affirmed awhile be­fore. He approved of what they had done, and made use of the Corn they found to relieve the present necessity. I will not at present insist on the story of Cassiaita, but observe that the ava­rice of the Iesuites was the cause of their ex­pulsion, for they kept their Corn when the peo­ple were in want, and had no compassion for the publick necessity, but preferred their inter­ [...]st b [...]fore the good of the Island.

The Book of Parsons the Jesuite to make himself Master of all the Ecclesiastical Estates of Eng­land.

P. 242. Parsons the Iesuite published here­tofore in England, a Book Intituled, The Re­formation of England, wherein having observ­ed several faults and defects in the Councel of Trent, he concludes with this saying, that if England ever returned to the Romish Religion, it must be reduced to the form of the Primitive Church, by putting all Ecclesiastical Estates in [...]ommon, and that the care of that Church [...]ust be given to seven discre [...]t persons of the [Page 314] Society to distribute the said Estates as they shall think fit: And for a mark of the Iesuites blinded self-love, he sayes, that no Fryar of of any other order must be permitted to pass in­to England, and adds, that for five years at least the Pope must not present to any benefice, but refer himself wholly in that particular to those seven Sages of the Company. Thus they make nothing of ruining the Church, provided it may conduce to make them Masters of all.

The Jesuites in preaching the Gospel at Japan so [...] Seditions, and dispose the people to War, and are persecuted and chased away as Cheats and Impostors.

Pag. 310. Their cares are confined to their interesses; and to promote them, they raise troubles and Warr, as Father Diego Collado the Domini [...]an hath well observed in a Memorial he presented to the Councell Royall of the In­dies, Decemb. 17. 1633. where in the third Pa­ragraph he hath these expressions: The Iapa­nois were perswaded ever since 1565. that where­ever the Preachers of the Gospel should come, they would ruine all by Warres and Seditions. But we are to take notice, that to that time and after­wards till 1593. they saw no other Preachers but Iesuites.

This Fryar speaks not this of himself, but [Page 315] hath taken the words out of the General Hi­story of Iapan printed at Alcala in 1601. which the Author Lewys Gusman the Iesuite, sayes, He had gathered out of Relations of cer­tain truth, or ocular testimonies: The same Author, Cap. 3. Lib. 2. reports the persecution raised against them by the Emperour of Iapan, and the cause alledged by the Emperour to have been, that the Iesuites were Cheats and Impostures who made pretence of preaching salvation, came to raise the people, and plot some treason against him, and the Kings of Ia­pan; and that had he not taken heed of them, they had long since deceived him as they had done many other Kings and Princes; so that in six years they had discovered the end they had in preaching the Gospel, and made it appear to have been the destruction of Princes.

It cannot be said the Emperour did this out of hatred to the Christan Faith, who gave per­mission in writing in 1593. to the Order of St. Francis to enter his Empire, to found there Churches, Hospitals and Convents, and appear publickly in their poor habit: All which not­withstanding the persecution continued against the Society, who had but one Church left at Nangazaqui a Port town, and a place of great Commerce. This Church the Emperour per­mitted to stand, because of some Iesuites Inha­bitants there who took care of merchandizes, [Page 316] one of whom named Iohn Roderick was the Emperours Interpreter: This shews how f [...]r the Iesuites were engaged in trade, that some of them were necessary to be left to uphold it when the rest were expelled; and that they were not chased away for their Faith, since the the Order of St. Francis, who laboured more ef­fectually the Conversion of Infidels, were ad­mitted the same time; but for the horror and detestation of the Iapanois conceived against them for their double dealing and falsehood.

The Avarice and Ambition of the Jesuites cause the destruction of two Christian Kings of Japan: Their Treason against the King of Omura, makes the Ministers of the Gospel to be accounted Tray­t [...]rs.

P. 311. I could not in silence pass by two cruel Treasons which the Ambition of the Ie­suites produced in these Countries by policies most repugnant to the maximes of Christianity. The King of Omura received the Christian Faith with very great devotion, and for that reason, and because he reputed the Iesuites Ministers of the Gospel favoured and protected them in his Realm. Nangazaqui is one of th [...] principal Cities there, and capable to enrich all the Countrey, being a Port well frequented, as we hinted before. The Iesuites thought to [Page 317] draw more advantages to themselv [...]s from ano­ther person whom they designed to make Ma­ster of a Port so considerable, though not with­out the br [...]ach of all the Laws of Fidelity due to a Catholick King their friend. They went to the Emperour, and represented to him the con­veniencies of the Port, the various Merchan­dizes brought thither, the commodiousness of its situation for security of his Vessels, and at last assured him, that as a Soveraign Lord he might take it away from the King of Omura, giving him something else equivalent to it. The Emperour followed their advice, and took away the Port from the King of Omura, but as soon as he had done it he banished the Ie­suites from all parts of that Kingdom, saying, with much wisdom, That having betrayed their Benefactor, they would with more reason betray him, the Emperour who had far less obliged them than the King of Omura. Thus they lost the amity of the King, and gained not that of the Em­perour they affected, but left the Ministers of the Gospel the reputation of being Traytors. This hath been assured upon the oaths of above fifty Christian villages in a Memorial presented originally to his Catholick Majesty in his Coun­cel of the Indies, and to the Pope in the Congre­gation de Propaganda [...]ide.

A Mischievous Counsel given the King of Arima, which cost him his life, and [...]aused a bloody per­secution against the Christians.

P. 312. There happened another thing e­qually strange to the King of Arima a Christian and great Benefactor to the Iesuites, whose Se­minaries and Colledges flourished in his Realm. They put a chimera into the head of this Prince, and perswaded him to demand of the Empe­rour the restitution of some Lands which his Predecessors had lost by war. The I [...]suites de­sign in this was to enlarge their Power by ex­tending the Dominions of the King of Arima their friend beyond the ordinary limits; to at­tain their desires, they made use of a man who was intirely at their devotion; his name Day­faqui a Secretary to one of the Emperours Mi­nisters; but though they gained him to their side, he forbore not to discover the whole in­trigue which cost the lives of the one and the other; for the Emperour caused the King to be beheaded, and Dayfaqui burnt, and Morejon the Iesuite escaped but narrowly the same flames. This King is charged with the killing of a Son he had by a former wife, to make way for the succession of one by a second wife, as a person from whom the Iesuites hoped more favour in his Reign than they could expect from the o­ther. [Page 319] The Emperour hereupon conceived a very ill opinion of our Religion, and its Mini­sters, for that all who acted in this Tragedy were Fryars or Christians; and this moved him to the second persecution, which was much more bloody than the former. He chased away all Fryars from his Empire, so that the Conver­sion of this people was extreamly obstructed by the ill Counsels and Flatteries of the Iesuites. Is not the Ambition of the Iesuites very strange, and their flattery a horrible thing, who to ex­tend their Dominion, and please the King of Arima, though they were setled in very good condition proposed to him the design of re-entring these Lands his Predecessors had posses­sed, though then in the hands of another Ma­ster?

In a Contribution made by all the Religious Orders of Spain the Jesuites give three advices instead of money.

P. 392. The King of Spain wanting monies at the beginning of the War with France, de­manded of all the Orders of Religion a succour by way of Contribution; The Collector ap­plyed themselves presently to the Iesuites, not doubting but they who were Labourers, Bur­gers, Usurers, Bankers, Merchants, Mint-men, Exchangers, Victuallers, Intelligencers, Emissa­ries [Page 320] into China, Legatees and executors of Te­staments throughout the world, would on this occasion make appear to the world their affe­ction for the publick good, and their Power, and would give the King a considerable sum to help him out of the great straits he was in. The Fathers answered them who made the pro­posal, that when they had demanded the Con­tributions of other Religious Orders the S [...]cie [...]y would give as much as they who gave most, yea as much as they all should give together: The Commissioners made use of this answer of the Iesuites to make the greater instance to other Orders, and perswaded some to contribute be­yond their ability.

After this they returned to the Iesuites, and r [...]quired them to perform their promise, the I [...] ­suites answered they would give his Majesty three Advices, by means whereof his Majesty might gather above twelve millions of money. This made the Conde D' Olivarez look about him, who thought he had already sufficient to remedy the pressing necessities of the State, and was very inquisitive for the Counsels of the Ie­suites which they gave him.

The first was, That if the King would give them all the Chairs of Professors in the Univer­sities of the Kingdom, they would not desire any Salary for their Lectures; but his Majesty might impropriate or sell the Salaries of the [Page 321] Professors which amount yearly to above four hundred thousand Ducats, and were worth to be sold above eight Millions.

The second, That the King should prevail with the Pope to reduce the breviary to a third part of what it is; when this should be obtain­ed, they would print Breviaries and Diurnals of the new model to be used; but that they who would make use of them should pay in ac­knowledgement of the pleasure they had done them in abridging their Office ten Ducats for every Breviary, and five for every Diurnal, as every Clergy-man payes yearly four Rials for his Bull of permission to eat white meat in Lent: By the calculation they made, the profits of this exceeded the former.

The third, That whereas they were not per­mitted by the rules of their Order to receive money for their Masses, his Majesty should take all the money of the Ecclesiastical Fraternities of Spain and the Indies, and oblige them to say Mass Gratis as the Jesuites.

'Tis evident by these three Advices that the Jesuites aimed only at their convenience and in­terest, and to express their hatred against other Religious Orders under pretence of doing the King service. The execution of the first Ad­vice was attempted, but the Universities made a generous opposition, and F. Bas [...]le Ponce de Leon Professor of the evening Lecture in the [Page 322] University of Salamanca composed a learned Memoire which I have seen in the hands of Do­ctor D. Michael Iohn de Vimbodi Secretary to his Eminence the Cardinal Spinola then Arch-Bishop of Granada; wherein he convinced the Iesuites of all manner of Heresies, and conclu­ded that it was their intention to possess them­selves of all the Chairs of Professors, that they might discard all men of Religion, and after­wards establish their pernicious maximes with­out contradiction. The Pope would not enter upon the second and third expedient, but said, that the iniquity of our times should incline us rather to augment than diminish our prayers. And as for the Almes for Masses they would be of use to maintain poor Priests and poor Fryars. But the Iesuites gave the King nothing.

The Jesuites of the Indies alwayes for the Gover­nours against the Bishops: they persecute the Archbishop of St. Foy: Absolve those he had excommunicated, and teach there are two Gods.

P. 260. Don Ber [...]ardin de Almansa a very ho­ly man, being chosen Archbishop of St. Foy of Bogera in 1633. went thither to take possessi­on of the Dignity. D. Sancho Giron President of the Audience, and Captain Generall of the new Kingdom, sent him two Iesuites, Iohn Baptista Coluchini, and Sebastian Morillo as Em­bassadours: [Page 323] The design of the Embassy was to perswade the good Bishop to make submissi­ons to the Governour, utterly unworthy of the Character he bore. The Prelate would not consent, but having taken possession of his See, did vigorously defend the rights of the Bishoprick against the incroachments of the insulting Governour, whom he excommuni­cated, and his Officers, for having Arrested those workmen who were guilty of no crime, but labouring in the Church, and preaching the Gospel: The Governour and his Officers being declared excommunicate by Papers publique­ly affixed, the Jesuite Sebastian Morello, whom we mentioned before, had the insolence to tell the Governour, He ought not to be trou­bl [...]d for these Excommunications from which he would forthwith absolve him on the place, saying, the Society had the priviledge to do so. This was the occasion of very great scandall, and induced the Governour by advice of the Iesuites, to name a Judge Conservator against the Archbishop: And these Fathers in the mean time lodg'd secure and Regal'd in their Col­ledge: The Dean of the Church of St. Foy, found means to take away this Judge Conser­vator, and put him in Prison in the Arch-bi­shops house. But the Jesuites came in Arms to the Prison, broke down the walls, and took out the Judge, and led him back to their Col­ledge.

[Page 324] To recount all the passages in this rencoun­ter, would swell up the story to a very great length. But they are set forth at large with all the insolences of the Iesuites, in the 4th Chap­ter, and so to the 11th of the life of this Arch­bishop, written by the Batchelor D. Pedro de [...]olis, and Valencenela, where is also described the miserable end of some Jesuites who did more [...]ignally abuse the holy man: his words are these. Though the Fathers of the Society, who assisted the Governour against the Archbishop, changed their habitation in going to Quito, yet they could not escape the chastisement of God, for one was killed by a Mule, on which they carryed him into the Town, between two sacks of Cha [...]e; another dyed at Tunia, a third of the Plague in the Port of Onda, and was bury­ed in a deep pit with his Books and his baggage, and a fourth became distracted at Popayan.

Father D. Burno de Valeneuela a Chartreus, known to me at Paular, is Brother to this Pedro De Solis, and hath in his custody a Manuscript of the life of this holy Archbishop: But when he speaks of the difference between this Prelate and the Jesuites, he relates matters of so much amazement, that they would be incredible, but that the sanctity and vertue of the Author, who was an ocular witness of them, doth warrant the truth thereof, and render it un­ [...]uestionable: Among other things he tells us, [Page 325] the Jesuites taught the Indians, That there were two Gods, one of the Poor, and another of the Rich; that this was farr more powerfull than the other; that the ArchBishop served the former, and the Governour the latter. He re­ports other like things taught by a whole Col­ledge, which being established for the instru­ction of Youth, shews by these pernicious max­ims, that the Society aims at nothing but to uphold it self by credit with men of power, and affects a strict alliance and union with them, so that it appears an extraordinary thing to see a Vice-roy or Governour in the Indies not engaged in their Interests, which is the cause of their chasing Bishops from their Sees, and dragging them before all the Secular Tri­bunals.

Don Mattheo De Castro Bishop in the East-In­dies ill used, and slighted by the Jesuites, who made him goe three times to Rome, and jeared at the B [...]lls and Censures be brought thence.

Pag. 281. they declared a contempt paral­lel to the former, though not in their Actions yet in their intentions and writings against D. Ma [...]thew De Castro Bishop in the East-Indies, who being a Braman by Nation, was consecra­ted by Pope Vrban 8th, and sent to make missi­ons into the Kingdom of Idabria. This good [Page 326] Prelate did that which neither the Archbishop of Goa, nor all the Orders of Religion were able to effect, either by Intreaties or Gifts, in 140 years, which was to obtain leave from the Moorish King to build Houses and Churches throughout all his Kingdom: But the Jesuites so misused this poor Bishop, that they forced him to break the course of his mission, and to make three journeys with very great difficul­ties to Rome, where Fa. Iohn Baptista de Mora­les of the Order of St. Dominique, and Missio­nary of China, left him in 1645. labouring a­gainst his Enemies who hated and treated him with great slights and Contempt: This F. M [...]rales hath a Letter written by a Jesuite to his Provincial, wherein are these words: There is come hither a pitifull Negro for Bishop, but is gone among the Moors, because he loves not to live among the Portuguese: 'Tis a shame for the Na­tion, that such a man should become a Bishop: The Fryar addes, he found this poor Bishop on his bed [...]ick, for the contempts and ill usage of the Jesuites; that he stay'd with him a month to comfort him, that he solicited his business at the Congregation De propaganda fide, and having obtained all necessary dispatches, he went in person to see them executed: But the Jesuites mocked at all that was done, and would not alter their conduct for any Bulls or Censures.

[Page 327] This story may inform how sincere and can­did they are in their expressions: for speaking of a Bishop, they say, He is gone among the Moors; that is in their Language, turned Infi­del again, whereas he went thither for Conver­sion of Souls. And this may serve for an in­stance of their zeal, who use in this manner those who employ themselves to propagate the faith, and in their writings to their supe­riors, make it their business to slander the Bi­shops.

The Ambition and Tyranny of the Jesuites in the foundation and administration of the I [...]ish Colledges in Spain.

P. 294. The Jesuites express zeal for the faith when they perswaded the King of Spain, and several Lords to contribute to the foundation of Colledges for the Irish, for education of their Youth, who came into Spain, and to render them capable at their return to do their Coun­trey men service; but this was the Cloak only to their intentions and designs, to make them­selves more powerfull, in being Masters of those Colledges and their Revenues. The Receipt doth alwayes much exceed the expence, yet they complain still, and treat those poor Schol­lars so ill, and with such scorn, though some of them be Priests, that they seem to be their [Page 328] And when they demand necessaries, the Jesuites retrench their Pensions, and some­times the Rectors and Coadjutors beat them and misuse them, that they are obliged to make defence. They serve themselves of them as their Grounds, and while they fare daintily upon Estates, whereof they have only the admini­stration by right, they give to the owners but a poor piece of Beef as the most splendid enter­tainment: These poor strangers have present­ed to his Majesty a Memoriall containing five Articles, wherein they represent the ill usage of these tyrants, the domination they exercise over them, and how they do publiquely risle their Estates.

A succinct Abridgement of the Relation of the per­secution raised by the Jesuites, against Don Tray Hernando Guerrero Archbishop of Manille in the Philippines, written in Spa­nish by a Nephew of the Archbishops.

Don Hernando Guerrero Archbishop of Ma­nille in the Philippine Islands, having called an Assembly of the Superiours of Religious Hou­ses, and other learned persons of greatest re­pute in his Archi [...]piscopal City, to consult them about a scruple of Conscience, which was that the Fathers of the Company of Iesus in that Countrey, preached and heard Confessions [Page 329] without permission from the Ordinary, the resolution of the Assembly after several meet­ings was, That it was the Archbishops duty to demand of the said Fathers, what permission they had to exercise those Functions which he did, but had no other Answer, but that they had Priviledges: The Archbishop not satisfied with this, endeavoured by way of right and le­gal pursuit to oblige them to shew by what power they exercised this jurisdiction, by De­claring the permissions or priviledges they pre­tended to: But they were so far from giving him satisfaction, that they named a Canon which had a Dignity in the Church of Ma­nil [...]e, but the Archbishops enemy, to be their Conservator. This Conservator proceeded a­gainst the Archbishop, encouraged by the fa­vourable occasion he had from the spleen of the Governour Don Sebastian Hurtado de Cory­nera against the Archbishop, for having refu­sed to give the Iesuites a House and Garden of pleasure belonging to the Archbishoprick, and of the Gift of the Augustine Fryars, who be­stowed it for a place of retreat and repose for the Archbishops: And because this House was very convenient for the Fathers of the Society, and that the Governour was their particular friend, as his Confessors and Councellors, they assembled together, and resolved to chase a­way the Archbishop. The Governour willing [Page 330] to execute this resolution, sate President of the Audience, without the assistance of any but a single Councellor, who was found dead on the morrow without Confession. The Archbishop demanded leave to make his defence, but the Governour instead of hearing him, being ani­mated by the Jesuites, resolved by their advice to execute upon the place the banishment of the Archbishop: All the Religious Communi­ties having been informed, that the Ministers of Justice were gone to the Archbishoprick, resorted to their Prelate, and with their Tapers in their hands advised the Archbishop to put on his Pontifical habit, to stay in the Chappell, and hold the Eucharist in his hand, to serve him as a Buckler against the Governours tyran­ny, and the violence of the Jesuites: The Go­vernour having intelligence of what passed, commanded Souldiers forthwith to march a­way with Matches lighted, and their Muskets cocked, to cause all the Fryars to depart the Chappell, and leave the Archbishop there alone. And when the Provincials, the Commissaries, the Priors and Wardens, had answered the Soul­diers, that they were there to pay their respects to the holy Sacrament, the Governour gave the Souldiers new Orders, on pain of death, to execute his Commands, and dragg them by force out of the Chappell: The Souldiers o­beyed him, driving out and dragging away all [Page 331] the Fryars thence; and though some of the most ancient and venerable amongst them, in hope to preserve themselves from their vio­lence, covered themselves with the Archbishops Pontifical habit; the Souldiers had no respect for those Ornaments, but furiously laying hold on them who had wrapt themselves therein, they dragged away the Archbishop, who hold­ing the holy Pix in his hands fell in the crowd, and wounded himself in the face. So the Prelate remained alone, but having five hundred Soul­diers left about him to seize his person as soon as he should quit the H. Sacrament. In the mean time one of the Souldiers considering the vio­lence used to make them keep him there, and that they must on pain of death execute the Go­vernours Orders, drew his sword, and falling upon it, said, He had rather dye by his own hands, than see such enormities among Christians.

The Arch-Bishop having continued so long in his pontifical habit, found himself so weak­ned by reason of his great age, and that he had taken no food that yielding at last to wea­riness and necessity, and in complyance with the Advice of the wisest of the Fryars, who sig­nified to him that if he died in that manner his Conscience would charge him with it as an of­fence; he laid by the Holy Sacrament, and was presently carried away out of the City in a Coach by the Sergeant Major and Souldiers, [Page 332] and put into a little pitiful bark unprovided of all things, without permitting any Christian to give him any nourishment, or any of his dome­sticks to accompany him, but was conducted by five Souldiers whom they gave him for his Guard into a poor desart Island where he had not as much as a Cabin for shelter.

And when in all this time Divine Service was not said in any part of the City, by reason of a solem [...] interdict, which all the Fryars observed with the respect and sentiments they were ob­liged to express, the Iesuites only kept their Churches open, preached, confessed and said Mass there, and went to say Mass in the Go­vernours house, to whom they administred the Sacraments.

They took from the Arch-Bishop the Govern­ment of the Diocess, and gave it another by order of the Judge Conservator and the Ie­suites, till the Arch-Bishop was re-establish­ed, which hapned after they had seized all his Goods, and sold them by Out-cry even to his Cross to satisfie several fines, and pecuniary pains, to which they had condemned him. The people having with great instance demand­ed his restoration, had it granted, but not be­fore the Fathers of the Company had fulfilled their desires by means of the Governour.

[Page 333] The Arch-Bishop sent two Fryars, the one to Rome, and the other to Madrid, to inform the Pope and his Catholick Majesty of the Enormi­ties committed against him, and the excess of his sufferings: They arrived accordingly hav­ing passed the streights of Magellan in a vessel of the Hereticks, but hired and equipped by the Merchants of Manille out of love to their Pa­stor.

Not long after these passages the Sergant Ma­jor, who had taken the Arch-Bishop being carried in a chair, for that he was very old, the people fell upon him in the place, and so buffeted him with their fists, that he died with­out Confession upon the place.

An Extract of a Letter from Madrid of July 8. 1653. whereby is seen the punishment of this Governour who misused the Arch-Bishop.

It hapned soon after that his Catholick Ma­jesty having received secret Advice of fourteen Chests from the Indies, had in a private Cham­ber of the Iesuites of Burgos, sent secret Or­ders to the Seneschal of that City to take them out thence: He executed his Commission so well, that he went directly where they were, and having broke open a lock found all the fourteen Chests; he demanded of the Fathers an inventory of the Contents, who answered, [Page 334] That they belonged to Don Sebastian de Corquera Seneschal of Cordona who had been Governour of the Philippines: The Seneschal of Burgos drew out the Chests from the places they were in, and having opened them found a quantity of stones of very great value. This Gentleman had been reputed a Saint, but a Jesuitical Saint, because he loved them passionately. This discovery made way for some others, whereby it appear­ed he had brought great riches from the Indies, and occasion was given to call him to an exact account of his administration.


The Story of this persecution is related by the Author of the IESVITICAL THE­ATRE p. 230. where he gives another cause of the Governours Animosity against the Arch-Bishop, whereof the Iesuites were Authors: For they perswaded the Governour to send to hang a man in the Church-yard of the Augu­stines: The Arch-Bishop not able to endure such prophanation to punish the Governour made use of the Arms of the Church, and ful­minated censures against him; but the Go­vernour also made use of the Arms of his Of­fice, as appears by the precedent relation.

[Page 335] It is easie to Judge, sayes the Author of The Iesuitique Theatre, that the Iesuites moved the Governour to execute this violence against the Arch-Bishop, because the Governour who did nothing in Secular Affairs without the Iesuites Advice and Consent, in all probability consult­ed them in this which concerned Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction, which as a Secular Person he was ignorant of. 2. Because the Iesuites had on se­veral occasions had very great differences with this Prelate as they have had with the greatest part of the Bishops of the Indies, and finding a fair opportunity by the Governours being wholly theirs, thought it not fit to let it slip, but with their own hands avenged themselves. 3. Because all the Superiours, and a multitude of Fryars attended the Arch-Bishop, and left him not till forced off by violence, but there was not one Jesuite with him. add hereto the Common Sentiment of all the people in the Philippines.

The Avarice of the Jesuites in the Pearl-fishing at Cochin, for which they are diven away, and a curse denounced against the Lake and the Pearls.

We are now to declare how they were expel­led Cochin in the East-Indies; this City, though the Territory be poor and steril, is an Episcopal See, and the Inhabitants, and all these of the [Page 336] Diocess live on fishing for Pearls which they find in a Lake, whereby God in his providence hath given them subsistance. The Iesuites heard of this Lake, and thought it for their advantage to make themselves Masters thereof, to the end, they might draw to themselves the whole profit. To effect this, two of their Fathers came from Goa to Cochin to visit the Bishop, an Apostolical man, and formerly a bare-foot Fryar of the Order of St. Francis: They told him they were moved with compassion to see him alone without any assistant for conversion of Infidels, that they were come to bear part of his sufferings, and help him to cultivate the souls of those of his Diocess. They offered to found a Colledge there, provided the Bishop would give them aid, and a house ready b [...]ilt with revenues to maintain five or six Iesuites: The Bishoprick is very poor, as the place of its residence; the Bishop having nothing but what is strictly necessary to maintain him with ho­nour.

The good Prelate hearing this proposal o [...] the Jesuites, thought he saw the heavens open­ed and Angels descended, believing they mad [...] it out of zeal to save souls, and to propagat [...] the faith; he made them great welcome, con­sidering them as a powerful succour God had sent him for the good of those of his Diocess; he told them he had not an estate sufficient to [Page 337] assure them a revenue, but would propose to the inhabitants of the City to give them where­by to subsist, and that in the mean time they should lodge at his house, and make use of what he had or should have for the future. The Iesuites were satisfied with these offers which the Bishop performed. For the first two years these Fathers laboured to good purpose, in Preaching, in Catechizing, in pleasing all the people, in composing differences, in winning the Indians, by presents, [...]sing them with great gentleness, and testimonies of affection; and thus became Masters of the hearts of the peo­ple.

When they saw themselves so established, they thought it high time to labour the execution of the design on which they first came into that Countrey. To compass it, they perswaded the Indians by good usage and caresses to sell them the pearls they drew out of the Lake, it being but just, that they who were their preachers and instructors should be preferred before the Portuguez Merchants, who came from a Coun­try remote, and at a certain time of the year to make gain thereof by carrying them into di­vers places: The simple Indians discovered not what lay hid under this malicious proposal, but easily granted what the subtle Iesuites demand­ed; so that every week they brought the Pearls they had taken and sold them the Iesuites [Page 338] (whom they looked on as their Masters & bene­factors) for the same price they were accustom­ed to sell them to the Portugueze; and having received their money and other things they gave them, returned to their houses very well sa­tisfied.

The Portugueze Vessels coming at their usual time, there was not an Indian now would sell them any Pearls, so that they returned without trading, and lost very much by the merchan­dizes they had brought to give in exchange. And the year following running the like for­tune, they resolved to come thither no more, being otherwise informed that the Iesuites had made themselves Masters of the Trade.

The Fathers seeing they had removed the Portugueze, and made them abandon this Com­merce as unprofitable to them, so that they of Cochin knew not whom to sell their Pearls to, made the inhabitants become suitors to them of the Society to buy them, and told them they would not without great abatement of the price; that the Portugueze had forsaken the trade, only because they made no benefit by it, nor could sell the Pearls at a higher price than they cost them.

Under these and the like pretences they re­duced these poor Indians to extream misery, and constrained them at last to yield to their de­sires, and when they could not do otherwise to [Page 339] sell the Pearls at a very low rate: they passed about two years in this manner, exercising vio­lences over the people; and the most consider­able persons of the City murmured against the Iesuites, yet some did defend them, whose in­terests were joyned with these of the Iesuites.

The Bishop knew the rise of the disorder but durst not intermeddle for applying the reme­dies necessary, because the Governour of the City was a Creature of the Iesuites, and it may be, went snips in the profits; so much will they do for those that protect them.

This time elapsed, they resolved to change their battery, and gain greater advantages in the Commerce, telling the Indians they would not buy the pearls any more at the ordinary price, because their gain thereby was not con­siderable: but they offered them a condition, as if they would have dealt with them to their greater advantage, though it was in effect to make them their slaves, which was, that the In­dians should work by the day in the Lake; and what they took in fishing should be for the Ie­suites: The poor Indians rather than famish ac­cepted of the condition. The pay was very short, and the labour excessive, for they made them begin at break of day, and suffered them not to come out of the water till noon, and [...]hen allowed them an hour for repast and rest, [...]ut forthwith after sent them to the water [Page 340] where they were forced to continue till night. Many died in the water, because the fathers would not permit them to come to land when they had need, which obliged the poor people to complain to the Bishop; he would have re­medied it but could not, for that the Iesuites seeing themselves upheld by the Governour and others of their Cabal, made nothing of the good Prelate. And to deliver themselves of all fear took a resolution so haughty, which no bold­ness but theirs could have ever produced.

They built a Castle on a little Island in the middle of the Lake, they planted artillery there sufficient for their defence in case of necessity, and so became masters of the Lake, and would not permit a person to fish there any more, say­ing, The Lake was theirs, and that they had pur­chased it by the right their preaching had gi [...] them: The Bishop knowing they had built this Castle, commanded them on pain of Ecclesi­astical Censures to disarm and demolish it; b [...] they laught at his Orders, telling him the [...] were exempt from his jurisdiction: The goo [...] Prelate seeing their insolence, exhibited a pro­cess against them before the Pope and the Kin [...] of Spain, who ordained the one by his Bulls and the other by his Arrests, that they shoul [...] do as the Bishop required, but the Governou [...] hindered it; the Iesuites defended themselv [...] both at Rome and at Madrid by accusing the B [...]shop [Page 341] of several crimes, but all false. There came new Bulls, but to no purpose, for the Ie­suites persisted in their rebellion. At last the Bishop seeing no way left to reduce them, as­sembled some Spaniards and many Indians to­gether, and carrying the Cross of Christ in his Standard with the Armes of the Pope, and of the King of Spain on the sides, marched to­wards the Lake where the Iesuites attended him with an Army more numerous than his with the name of JESUS in their flags.

The Bishop gave them battel, defeated them, demolished the Castle, and found they had nail­ed up all their Canons when they perceived themselves unable to resist: they continued ne­vertheless in the Island in hopes after the death of the Bishop to renew their tyranny. But the Prelate inspired by God put on his pontifical habit, and coming to the Lake side spoke in this manner; Though I be the least and unwor­thiest of all the Ministers of God, yet I command thee in his Divine Majesties Name, and by his Au­thority, not to form or give any pearls till the Jesuites be departed this Countrey; and if thou continue to produce them, I pray God to give thee his Curse as I give thee mine: The Bishop had scarce finished these words, but the waters retired and return­ed to their centre to the astonishment of the spe­ctators: The Pearls disappeared, and the Ie­suites seeing themselves deprived of the profit [Page 342] they drew from this Commerce and abhorred by the people quitted their Colledge at Cochin, and returned to Goa with their mouths full of insolent expressions against the Bishop: When they were gone, the Lake filled again as before, and produced Pearls in abundance to the In­dians, and the Portugueze informed of it return­ed to their ancient traffick. This story was told me at Granada by F. Diego Collado of the Order of St. Dominick an illustrious person, an Apo­stolical preacher, and the most considerable Missionary that yet went to China.

The Jesuites Merchants, Bankers and Carriers a [...] Carthagene in the Indies with ill success.

P. 383. Behold an example of the horrible Avarice of the Iesuites at Carthagene in the In­dies; they designed to make themselves masters of all the Carriages necessary for transporting merchandizes from Carthagene to the Province of Quito, and had they compassed it they had be­come masters of all the Countrey thereabouts: The Merchants of Quito; and of the new Kingdom came to Carthagene to buy merchan­dizes to be carried in the Gallions of Spain, though they arrived there in Canoes by the great River of Madeleine. The Iesuites who have a publick bank at Carthagene and at Quito, think­ing that if they had some Canoes and beasts for [Page 343] carriage, they might become masters of all that Territory, setled themselves on the banks of the great River, under pretence of confessing and saying Mass to those who inhabited the Magazines and Warehouses, where merchan­dizes were locked up till they were fetched a­way on Mules to be carried further into the Countrey; they found means by good words and fair carriage to introduce themselves into the Ports of Onda and Mompoz where they built Houses and Chappels on the pretences afore­said; soon after they built Warehouses, and from Quito solicited the Merchants to disem­bark their Merchandises there upon colour that they would give them money at Carthagene by exchange to be paid at Quito, whereby they ob­tained their desires: The profit they made of this sharpned their appetite to gain more by greater matters; they bought a quantity of Mules for carriage of Merchandizes to the port of Barranco, where they were embarked on Canoes; those who were accustomed to have the benefit of these carriages began to perceive the prejudice the Iesuites did them, but not having credit enough to oppose so powerful enemies, gave them no disturbance, though the Masters of the Warehouses and Carriages did every day lose more and more their usual gains.

[Page 344] The Iesuites rested not there, but would un­dertake further to take away all the profit from the traders. To effect this, they built sixty Ca­noes for the great River, and a vessel at Cartha­gene which they sent into Spain, defraying the charge of the equipage by the profit they receiv­ed from the merchandizes they embarked.

They Ordered those in the Vessel, when they returned from Spain to pass to Angola and take in Negroes to row in their Canoes; they pros­pered in their design, and in less than a year the vessel returned to Carthagene laden with above six hundred slaves, of whom they sold some, and imployed the rest in their Canoes. By the pleasure they did the merchants in lending them money, they engaged them to make use of their Canoes and Mules; so that the Iesuites were intirely satisfied to see nothing escape them by land or by water: But the Masters of the Canoes and Carriages were so far dissatis­fied that they complained to the Councel of the Indies, and while they expected judgement found means to burn all the Canoes of the Ie­suites, and, which is worse, the Council prohi­bited the Iesuites to have any Canoes or Ware­houses for the future, punishing them both in their Credit and Estates, whereof they are most sensible.

They surprize the King of Spain to give them a Marsh of great value for nothing.

P. 385. There was in the same City of Car­thagene a Marsh, which being in the Iesuites [...]ye they begged of the King as a thing of small importance. His Majesty granted it, either be­cause he was not well informed of the value of the thing, or because the Iesuites by their flat­teries and presents, had gained some person to facilitate the donation: The City being in­formed of what past, advertised the King, that the Marsh was worth ten thousand Patacons per annum; which obliged his Majesty to com­mand, it should be taken from the Iesuites, which was executed accordingly. These were not the faults of particular persons, but of the Society who shared in them, the General hav­ing approved and favoured those who gave him the advice.

Their strange exactions for very questionable duties, in the Meades of Granada.

Ibid. There are Meadows near the hill called Montague des Neges by Granada, where the King hath certain duties, but not levied for several years, as being of small consequence, difficult to be collected, and it may be not due in con­science [Page 346] and equity; but nothing escapes the piercing eyes of the Iesuites, they had notice of these duties, and in the time of the Earle of Olivarez represented to the King their great po­verty, and begged of him by way of Almes these duties which he did not receive; that time was so favourable to them that nothing was de­nied them, and they had their desire: They went to Granada, and demanded of all persons concerned an exact account of the arrears of what had not been paid for above sixty years past: They began to turn over papers, to seize mens goods and the lands of several deceased long before, and demanded from their heirs the payment of the whole debt. Granada was upon the point to stone the Iesuites, and the Ie­suites upon the point to put Granada into a combustion; the City undertook the defence of those people, and set forth that since the King in several occasions wherein he was in great ne­cessity of money had nevertheless left so many years pass without receiving these duties, it was a strong argument he doubted the right by which they were redemanded, they went to the Council who applyed the remedies necessary: This is the recompence Granada received for all the Services done the Iesuites, no City in Spain having equally benefited them.

They go to Law with the Chartreus of Evora, for a Rent upon Granada.

P. 388. Let's hear another story before we leave Granada. The Chartreuse Abby of Evora hath a considerable Rent in Granada, but though the Chartreus had no hand in the re­bellion of Portugal, whereof the Iesuites were Authors, the Iesuites forbore not to begg that Rent of the King, to repair their Dammages by many considerable losses sustained in Portu­gal by reason of the Warr. The King not knowing the truth, granted their desire: The Chartreus of Granada bring their Action against the Jesuites, but in vain, at least to my know­ledge, who could not learn that they obtained any thing since 1649. when I left them at Ma­drid soliciting this affair. Certain it is, that the Jesuites were strangely insolent, who having caused the Revolt of Portugal, would have ta­ken other mens Estates who had no share in the Guilt of that Rebellion.

They turn a Water from its Channell, and build [...] Mill thereupon in one night.

P. 388. I am so troubled with these things, that I would quit Granada very willingly, but am stopped by the way, by the memorable story [Page 348] of the Mill which the Jesuites of the Colledge of Granada caused to be built at St. Foy, two leagues from the City. The better to compre­hend what I am to say, we must look back to the time of King Ferdinand and Q. Isabelle: These pious Princes Graciously granted the first Inhabitants of St. Foy, for them and their Successors, permission to draw a Channell from the River Genil, to flood their Grounds by a Water-course, with condition that none should make use thereof without their consent: The Iesuites had several years longed for the pos­session of this Channell, and had used a thou­sand artifices and addresses to that purpose, but in vain, by reason of the constant oppositi­on of the Inhabitants of the Town, who had alwayes made a vigorous resistance: The Je­suites were loth to intreat persons so inexo­rable, and took a resolution worthy the Socie­ty, in confidence of protection in this as in other affairs, from the Chancery of Granada, the rather because they had already possessed with the business, and made sure to their side, almost all the Judges of the Chamber, who were to take cognizance of the cause. They bought a pitifull piece of Ground contiguous to the Territory of St. Foy, and not farr from the Channell whereof they designed to make themselves so absolute Masters, that the Inha­bitants of the Town should not take of the [Page 349] waters without their permission. F. Fonseea then Rector of the Colledge had a Lay-bro­ther a Great Architect, whom he commanded to make a Mill of wood, and dispose of all the Carpenters work, so as in an hour to be erected and made fit to grinde, which was accordingly done; and the Timber, Milstones, and other things necessary carryed in Carts to the piece of ground above-mentioned. In the evening they sent thither several servants of their house, and the Farms they have in those quarters: These workmen instructed by the Iesuite, made a water-course on that side where the Mill was to be built, and laboured with such diligence in the trench, and the Iesuite plyed his part in erecting the mill so nimbly, that at Eleven a Clock in the Evening it turned, and ground as if it had stood there several years.

The Iesuites brought with them a Notary whom they payd well, and he in acknow­ledgement gave them an act importing he had seen the Mill grinde in their Land without contradiction, and took the depositions of above twenty witnesses, who said the same thing. The Fathers thought, that being thus in pos­session and otherwise assured of the Judges, no man in the world could out them from thence: 'Twas hardly light the next day but the Inhabitants of St. Foy understood all that past. The sight of their walls built by K. Fer­dinand [Page 350] and Q. Isabel their Founders in a night, prevented their Astonishment at the nimble erecting of the Mill: They called an Assem­bly, and by the command of one of their Civil Officers, a man of spirit and courage, now a Priest called Thomas Muros, they went to the Mill, rased it to the ground, and filling the new trench with rubbish turned back the water in­to the Ancient Channell: The Iesuites seeing their Mill destroyed, made their Complaints in the Chancery of Granada, treated the In­habitants of St. Foy with great insolence, and in pursuance of the instructions received of their Advocates and procurators, exhibited an information which they had caused to be drawn, of the peaceable possession of their Mill. The Audience of Granada caused the Inhabi­tants of St. Foy to be cited, and some to be ar­rested: They spent much money in the suit, and scaped but narrowly from being con­demned by the Judges to rebuild the Mill at their own charges: But D. Paul Vasquez de Aguilar, one of the Judges shewed himself so Generous in defence of the Inhabitants, that the rest seeing they had not reason on their side, durst not contradict him, and in con­clusion gave the Iesuites a Reprimande (at least check'd their Proctors) condemned them to pay costs, enlarged the prisoners, and appro­ved of all that had been done.

They coyn many millions of Money for one.

P. 389. When I was at Malaga, sayes the Author, they kept such a noise with their hammers, and so unseasonably, that I could not sleep: From thence I went to Salamanca; where I understood that the Iesuites coyned Money by permission of King Philip the 3d, for one million, to serve for the building of their magnificent Colledge in that City: They were not content with one million, but coyn­ed above three, but the pieces of four Marave­dis were so small, that they were common­ly called the Iesuites Money. The pleasantness of it is, that if the King upon information of their insolence had not prohibited them, they had continued their work, and would have been coyning of this million till Doomsday: Hence came that abundance of their Money in Spain, whereof the King was obliged again and again to lessen the value, to the great dammage of the Kingdom, for which they are in some measure beholding to the Ie­suites.

A Jesuite makes his Penitent relapse into his Crime, by presenting him with the picture of a Lady he had loved, and forgot.

P. 244. There is a Maxim among their se­cret advices, for proof whereof the Author reports this story: The Maxim is, That in the Guidance of the Consciences of Great ones, they are to follow the loosest opinions: By this they intro­duce and preserve themselves in favour, and render themselves acceptable by their com­plaisance.

A very rich Gentleman falling sick confessed to a Iesuite, and among other sins accused him­self of the love he bore to a Lady whose picture he had for a pledge of Affection, which ex­pecting to dye he bestowed on his Confessor. The Gentleman recovered and repented of his fault so sincerely, that he intirely forgot the person who had caused it, and thought no more of the Iesuite. But the Father de [...]irous to re­new his acquaintance, went to see him when recovered, and discoursing of his sickness, spake to him of the Lady mentioned in his Confessi­on, and returned him her picture: This put­ting the Gentleman in minde of the Lady whom he had quite defaced out of his memory, he returned to his vomit, and persisted in it long.

[Page 353] What shall we say of these Maxims, and practices of the Iesuites, but that they will de­stroy the Church, Religion and the Sacraments; if it may serve their interest: And that the least temporal advantage shall prevail more over their spirit than all the Laws of God.

The Jesuites stirr not abroad by night for the Poor, but do it for the Rich: A merry prank play'd them by the Governour of Evora in his parti­cular.

P. 394. What passed at Evora is very plea­sant: A Governour of that City some years before the revolt of Portugal, knew the Iesuites well, and that they run upon wheels when their interest calls them, but have Lead in their heels when there's nothing to be got, though the business concern the good of their neigh­bour and the service of God: He was inform­ed, that a poor man being sick to death, they went at midnight to the Iesuites Colledge (be­cause this man lodged neer them) to desire one of them to come and confess him. The Porter answered, that the Fathers never stirred out of the Colledge by night, and so the poor man dyed without being confessed: The Governour took this occasion to make others know the Iesuites as well as he knew them, and to un­deceive such as had a good opinion of them, [Page 354] he sent his servant one night to desire a Con­fessor from the Iesuites for a woman that lay a dying, but instructed him well, and forbad him to tell whence he came: The servant went to the Colledge, and having called and knock­ed a long time, the Porter came to the Gate, cursing him to the Devil that knocked, but took the Message, and went to deliver it to the F. Rector: The servant waited for an Answer, which after a long attendance was brought him to this purpose, that the F. Rector advised him to go seek out the Curat of the Parish, for that they of this holy House stirred not abroad by night: Some dayes after the Governour sent them a message from him, that after supper he had been suddenly taken with an Apoplexy, whose consequence might be dangerous, and to prevent the ill that might otherwise ensue, he desired that he might have a Iesuite to con­fess him. As soon as the servant had delive­red his message, two Iesuites came forth warm­ly clad, for it was Winter, and went beside the Governours house, who attended them by the way with the Officers of Justice: When he saw them, he asked who they were, and whither they went: They answered they were Iesuites, and went to confess the Governour who lay a dying. This is all false, replyes he, for I am the Governour, and very well in health, and you are not Iesuites but Robbers; and so sent them [Page 355] to prison, where they continued all night: The Rector having heard of this Accident in the Morning, went in search of those of his Order, found them in prison, and complained to the Archbishop who proceeded against the Governour: But the Governour would not let them goe till they had made an Authentique information, and proved by the depositions of several witnesses, that they were men of a Reli­gious Order, and that they were acknow­ledged, and commonly reputed such: This took up a dayes time, and the Rector and o­ther Iesuites bestirred themselves to purpose, and would have given money to clear them­selves of the mischance, and thought themselves kindly used that the Governour insisted on no more satisfaction for delivery of the Prisoners: The Governour excused himself for what past, because he knew on one side that the Iesuites stirred not abroad by night, no not to confess persons that lay a dying, and that on the other side finding at midnight two persons in the streets in Iesuites habit, it gave him just cause to suspect that they were Robbers who made use of that disguise. This story was told me by a Lay-brother a Iesuite named Pantaleon d' Almeyda, who was at Granada not many years since, whom his Superiors have since sent into New Spain.

The corrupt Manners of their Schollars and Priests in three Great Provinces: How they keep their Vow of Obedience to the Pope, and endeavour to cheat Princes.

P. 410. The Iesuites make a particular vow of obedience to the Holy See, though suffici­ently obliged without it, and as if all Catho­liques were not of their opinion in the point, but 'tis easie to discover by what follows, how ill they perform it.

'Tis known, these Fathers take on them­selves the instruction of youth in all parts of the world, to infuse into them the Principles of Learning and Good manners. They managed it so well in the Provinces of Stiria, Carinthia, and Carniola, that the Ecclesiasticks who had studyed under them, led so infamous lives, and gave such ill examples, that Pope Paul 5. held himself obliged by the duty of his Office to take order for their reformation: For this pur­pose in 1619. he appointed the Bishop of Ser­zane his Nuntio in the Empire, to be Visitor, that he might correct and punish the debau­chery of their manners so dishonourable to the Church, The Iesuites who loved these wretch­ed Priests and Students, as their true disciples, to discharge their vow of obedience to the Ho­ly See left no stone unturned to hinder the Vi­sitation: [Page 357] But seeing the Nuntio far advanced in the chastisement and reformation of these corrupt Church-men, they found a rare expe­dient to hinder the effect of the punishments given them, and to procure them impunity in their loose courses of life. F. Bartholome [...] Villers a Iesuite was then Confessor to the Arch­duke, and had the priviledge to give his ad­vice first in all sorts of Affairs. He represented to this Prince, that the Popes design in this Vi­sitation was to know and procure a Memoire of all the forces and fortifications of all his Estate, for some purposes unknown, but such as there was just cause to suspect; That the Nuntio being an Italian would take with him some persons of the same Nation to assist in the Visitation, that it was not fit to give stran­gers liberty to enter the State, to penetrate its secrets, and reduce them into Memoirs: Had this Prince been less pious, he had not needed greater motives to cross the good intentions of the Pope. But having discovered these of the Iesuites, and the weakness of their reasons, he seconded the designs of the Pope, and the Visitation was held throughout these three Great Provinces, wherein there were found only fix Priests who used not Concubines, and were otherwise guilty of scandalous living.

What shall we now say of the Iesuites, who would have perswaded this Prince to hinder [Page 358] the execution of the Ordinances of the Pope▪ And is not this a good obedience to the So­veraign Pontife? I have often heard it said, The Robber and Receiver merit the same punish­ment.

Another Author who relates this story, sayes that these debauched Priests, had not only studi­ed under the Iesuites, but made it their custom to give the Fathers several Presents, and that this engaged these Masters to favour their Schollers, and take them into protection though publick and scandalous sinners; Plerique enim provin­ciarum illarum Sacerdotes ex Iesuitarum scholis profecti munusculd illis frequenter missitabant, adeo­que duplici nomine quamvis palam essent improbi, Magistrorum patr [...]cinium gratiamque meceri vide­bantur. Alphons. de Vargas Relat. de stratag. Je­suitarum. cap. 20.

They make themselves Masters of the Vniversity of Prague against the Rights of the Arch-Bishop, by attributing Rights not due to the Emperour.

P. 411. What passed at Prague is fresher in memory, the judgement of the difference hav­ing been referred by the Cardinal d' Arach Arch-Bishop of Prague to the Pope and Cardinals of the Congregation of the Inquisition. The fact is as followeth.

[Page 359] Pope Clement the 6th, at the desire of the Em­perour Charles the 4th, erected in 1348. an Uni­versity at Prague, whereof the then Arch-Bi­shop was made Chancellour, and his successors for the time being to have that dignity annex­ed to their Arch-Bishoprick; the power given him was not only to bestow the degrees of Ma­ster, Doctor and others, but to exercise all other things belonging to the Jurisdiction of an or­dinary by the Canons which have been ex­pounded by the Council of Trent, and extend even to the inferiour Schools. From hence it appears, that Secular Princes have no jurisdi­ction in this University, and that by conse­quence, he that takes this right from the Bishop incurs the sentence of excommunication pro­nounced by the Bull in Coena Domini against those that usurp Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction that belongs not unto them.

The Iesuites who have the pride of the Devil, and an extravagant ambition to command; thought it a good way to please their itch of Superiority, by bringing under their power the people, and Ecclesiasticks of Prague, and making themselves Masters of the University, and all the Schools there; to effect this, they were to establish him for Chancellour, Rector and Go­vernour of all the Schools, who should be Re­ctor of their Colledge, though not feasible without interessing the conscience of the Em­perour, [Page 360] which they made no difficulty of; they perswaded the Emperour as they pleased and executed their desires accordingly trampling under foot the Laws Divine, and all humane respects, the Emperour reposing intire con­fidence in them, and leaving them to effect their design, as themselves should think fit.

They drew up an Ordinance which the Arch-Bishop presented in his complaints to the Pope: Some passages whereof are here inserted out of the clauses pertinent to the matter in hand.

By our Authority Royal and Imperial we unite by full right and to perpe [...]uity th Caroline Vniver­sity (so called from the founder Charles the 4th) to Ferdinands Colledge of the Society of Iesus esta­blished in our City of Prague, without that any pri­viledge of the Caroline Vniversity shall prejudice this Vnion. What's this in plain terms, but that though the Apostolick See, and the Council of Trent would have the University of Prague sub­mit to the Jurisdiction of the Arch-Bishop as their Soveraign Chief in matters Ecclesiastical, notwithstanding we will take away this Right from the Arch-Bishop, and maugre the Autho­rity of the Holy See and the Council, make the whole University subject to the Rector of the Colledge of Iesuites?

The Emperour proceeds: Whereas we can a­bolish as faulty, and do hereby effectually abolish all that may be contrary to the union we make: There­fore [Page 361] we will, that to perpetuity, the Rector of our Col­ledge Imperial of the Society of Iesus established ac­cording to custome by the Superiours of the said So­ciety shall be Rector of the whole Vniversity, and we make void by these presents, and annual the right which any others might pretend thereto (and by consequence that of the Arch-Bishoprick;) And we do hereby submit unto the said Rector all the Masters, as well of inferiour Schools, as others of the City of Prague, who shall be obliged to obey the Orders of the said Rector or his Deputy for making visitations, or establishing any reglement. No per­son shall have power to establish any new School in any faculty whatsoever without permission in wri­ting from the said Rector, to whom we submit also all the Colledges and petty Schools of all the King­dome (of Bohemia) as well those now established, as such as are to be established hereafter: and by the same Secular Authority they give the Rector of the Jesuites all rights of inquisition and correction of here [...]icks, and the censure of all Books to be print­ed or sold.

The Emperour gave all this Authority (which he had not himself) to the Iesuites, who had given him the occasion of committing this Sa­criledge for them, for it cannot be said the Em­p [...]rour did it of his own accord, since it was by their procurement by giving him the means by a comparison as unjust as the example they produced for a precedent: See here the ground.

[Page 362] They said, that the Ancient Orders of Re­ligion had lost all their right to their founda­tion, and rents, ever since the hereticks became Masters of their Monasteries; and that the Em­perour having recovered them by Conquest through the force of his Armes had acquired a right in domaine to them, and was become absolute Master thereof, the Patron having lost all his right. From hence they inferred, that the Emperour having delivered the University of Prague from the tyranny of the hereticks who had been Masters thereof for two hundred years, was of a Protector become Master there­of by his Arms, and therefore might give it to whom he pleased: They framed an Imperial Constitution on this ground.

Who ever heard of a villany like this? they would despoil the ancient Orders of Religion, and an Arch-Bishop of their unquestionable rights, and to compass their ends, trample un­der foot the Popes Bulls, mock at his Authority, perswade the Emperour to do that, whereby he incurs the penalties declared by the Bull in Coena Domini, and all this to make the Rector of the Colledge of the company, governour of the Uni­versity of Prague.

They make their F. Cyprian, who was a cheat, and aspy, to pass for a Saint and a Prophet.

P. 402. I have long desired to know the truth of a story I have been often told, and learnt it at last of F. Morales as followeth.

In 1638. a Iesuite called Francis Matthew Cyprian came from the East-Indies to Macao. He had scarce set foot on land, but the Bells of the Colledge rung out so loudly, that they shook the whole town, and gave the inhabi­tants reason to enquire the cause: but they were soon satisfied by the Iesuites running all about and saying; F. Cyprian is come at last. He lived as those whom the Iesuites call Saints, and the people in compliance with them published him for such; but that you may the better judge of the person they so unanimously canonized, I shall relate in few words, not his whole life, which is too long to be written, but what he did this time at Macao, whereof all the people have been witnesses, and at the same time He­ralds to proclaim his impostures.

Cyprian one day after long intreaty by the Iesuites went up into the pulpit in the Church of the Society, but what is usually said of im­pudent Musicians, who must be more intreated to hold their peace than they were to sing, was true of him, for he preached three hours by the [Page 364] clock, and notwithstanding all the diligence used, and signs made to stop his impertinent pratling, nothing could stay the course of his [...]opperies for three hours together.

The subject of his Sermon was, that of his folly, That St. Francis Xavier had sent him to preach at Iapan, and in the familiar discourses often held with him had given him that order. To authorize what he said, he took to witness the holy images, the walls and pillars of that Church, and to perswade his Auditors to be­lieve the certainty of his Revelations and ravish­ments, he told them, that if they of the City opposed his passage from the territories, they could not hinder it, for he would make use of his mantle for a bark, his staff for a mast, and would so pass over with more security than in a vessel well equipped: These and other ex­pressions in his Sermon gave the people much trouble, because, if all things fell out as he said, it would break the Commerce between Portugal and Iapan to the ruine of the people. All the Ecclesiasticks and learned persons assembled toge­ther, to consider what might have inclined the Iesuite to talk at that rate, and what remedy to apply. The most judicious were of opinion, that he was a fool, but that at that time he practi­sed dissimulation more than solly; which opinion had sufficient grounds, for that it was propable he hid under these appearances of dotage, the [Page 365] design he had to favour the interest of the Hol­landers, who made use of him as an instrument proper to ruine the City.

When Cyprian knew what past in this assem­bly by the information of those co [...]fidents of the Iesuites whom fear or interest ingages to give them advice of all that is transacted; this impostor writ in a paper all that past in the As­sembly, and put it into the hand of a statue of St. Francis Xavier which stood in the Cell of the Visitor Manuel Diaz the Jesuite. One of the Assembly came to see the Visitor, and Cyprian having notice of it went to his Chamber, and having whispered him in the ear in the presence of the Secular person, who came to the Visitor went his way: When he was gone, the Visitor forthwith sayes to the townsman; SIR Know you what F. Cyprian saish? See what that paper is in the hand of St. Francis Xavier. The towns­man took the paper, wherein he found the names of all who had been in the Assembly written with F. Cyprians hand, and that with­in two months they should all dye, for having given so disadvantageous a judgement of the Iesuite: The Visitor with great exclamations conjures the townsman to publish the paper, that they who were to die might prepare them­selves for it [...] but the event was quite contrary, for some of those men who were before Crazy, had their health very well for these two months [Page 366] and a long time after: Perhaps because their distemper forbore to afflict them out of respect to F. Cyprian, who peradventure had given them some of his reliques, as his gray hairs, his old shirts, or other like things, which he distri­buted very liberally.

The common people had a great esteem of him, and would have torn in pieces his robe to serve them for reliques, but it was new and of very fine cloth which made F. Cyprian willing to preserve it, telling the people that the habit he wore abroad was not a relique considerable enough, but if they came to his lodging he would give them excellent new cloth of his old torn shirts.

A Pagan Indian trimmed him for nothing, which Cyprian said was an action sufficient to con­vert him; but the truth is, he made great gains every time that he shaved him by selling every hair of his beard for a relique, and when Cy­prian knew it, he said, The man must be allowed to advance dev [...]tion.

They were at last confirmed in the opinion they had of him, as being a spy, or what fell out afterwards. A Iesuite, simple and devout, (for such also there uses to be among them) and to F. Iohn Baptist Morales, and told him in private: Within two months the Emperour of Ja­pan shall send in search of us, and twelve of the Colledge, whereof I will be one, will go where requi­red, [Page 367] and the first five years we shall suffer three sorts of punishments, the Sword, the Fire, and the Cross; and we have seen great miracles done by F. Cyprian in confirmation of this truth. There past not only two months but two years, and a thou­sand may pass before any come in search of them, or they go to Iapan. It is true neverthe­less that F. Cyprian had taken his measures to go to Iapan within two months, and had for that purpose sent two Iesuites into a D [...]sart Island to build a vessel for his passage; the City was advertised of it, and sent to destroy it: But F. Cyprian warned them who had commission to do it, not to put it in execution, foretelling them that there would fall fire from heaven on them who would adventure to touch it: He said truth in some measure, but not altogether, for fire there was, but not from heaven, and that burnt not men, but men burnt the barque. By this they discovered his design, and gave ac­count to the inquisition of his Revelations, his Prophecies and Impostures he made use of for cheating the world, and the inquisitors having found the truth of the information, ordered he should be sent back to the Indies, and charged Anthony Cardin the Iesuite to bring him thi­ther; but as one who had sucked the same milk, and learnt the same doctrine, he permitted him to flee among the Moores where he ended his life with as much sanctity as he began, and led [Page 368] it to that time. And I doubt not but Poza the Iesuite hath put him in his Martyrology.

They seek in the Indies the means to enrich them­selves, not the salvation of souls: And dishonour Religion by their Concubinages and impostures.

P. 407. The story of what past among the Indians Chiriguanaes is worth the reporting: I heard it, sayes the Author, at Madrid of a per­son of honour, a Friend and Correspondent of D. Iohn D' Elizarazo his Majesties Com­missioner in the City of Plat [...] in Peru.

The Indians Chiriguanaes live beyond the Mountains of Peru, and are a Nation very do­cil and susceptible of the doctrine of the Gospel, but Enemies to those labours and pains the In­dians now suffer. The Iesuites undertook their Conversion, and in a short time laboured to good effect; these Infidels receiving the Gospel with very great devotion; when the Fathers saw them almost all Converted and Baptized, and that they were dexterous and tractable, they resolved to propose to them the end of their preaching, which was not, as it appear­ed, the Conversion of the souls of these Infi­dels, but to make advantage by their estates. They told them, that being their preachers they desired to live amongst them, but wanted lands and hereditaments for maintenance, and desired [Page 369] their Ayd for planting some Sugar-Canes, whereby they might be enabled to live with Credit.

The Indians perceived the Avarice of the Iesuites, and were confirmed in their opinion, wherein all they of Peru concurre, that these peo­ple are not Ministers of the Gospell, but under pretence of preaching the faith of Christ, labour only to establish their tyranny, and deprive the Indians of their Liberty: So that they resol­ved to set upon them by night, and to chastise them so as to make them an example to others. Though the Iesuites had not been long in that place, they had contracted great familiarity with the Indian women, who had such affe­ction for them, that they made it appear to the prejudice of that they ought to have exprest to their Husbands and Kindred; for they gave them notice of the resolution taken to kill them, and furnished them with means to flee away. Six of them escaped, and came to the City of Plata, where they blazed it abroad, that the Indians out of unwillingness to receive the Gospel had driven them away; And that their Companion F. Mendiola had renounced the faith, and marryed after the manner and Ceremonies of the Indians. That this obli­ged them to give Accompt of what past, that he might be [...]etched out thence by force of Arms, it being otherwise impossible the Infi­dels [Page 370] should be converted: 1. Because Mendio­la cherished them in their blindness, for fear of being punished for his faults: 2. Because they would be confirmed in their Errour by the ill example of a Priest and Minister of the Gospel, who had embraced their Religion, this made them desire forces of D. Iohn D'ili­saraze for the enterprize, and for an evidence of the truth of their allegations, they had ta­ken from Mendi [...]la the Iesuites habit, as having apostatized from the Faith.

The Kings Minister Judged this an affair of too Great consequence to be hastily engaged in, and took better advice which was to send an express to Mendiola, to assure him of his pro­tection and assistance to obtain absolution from his Crime. This Father was extremely surpri­zed at the newes, as having never thought of Renouncing the Faith, or quitting the Iesuites habit. This made him resolve to be gone forth­with and inform himself of all that concern­ed him on this occasion: He presented him­self in this condition to the Iesuites, and by his presence convinced them of the falseness of their allegations against him. Declaring that all this was grounded on their weakness and wretchedness, which had precipitated them into Concubinage: And that these Iesuites to cover their fault had attributed his to Ido­l [...]try. And that it was strange, that the fault [Page 371] being common to all, he alone who was the least guilty should bear the shame: This obli­ged him to quit the Society, and take the habit of a Secular Priest, with the hatred we may easily imagine he conceived against them who had raised such an infamous slander against him, with design to destroy him among the Indians, left he should discover their villanies, abhorring that Order, who on such occasions, and to cover such wickedness will strip their Fryars of the habit they wear.

A Jesuite stabbed by the Husband of a Woman he loved, the Jesuites suborn Witnesses to save their Credit.

P. 398. The Colledge of Jesuites of Granada hath an Estate in a place called Caparacena two Leagues from Granada, the administration whereof they gave to Balthazar des Rois one of the Society: he had such affection for a mar­ryed woman of that place, that it was publick­ly known, though the Husband was the last who had notice of it: for the Iesuite having imployed him to work in the Grounds, to make him more tractable, had doubled his wa­ges. At last the poor Cuckold provoked by the injury done him, studyed a fit occasion of revenge. The Jesuite doubting nothing, came one day from Granada to the Farm, and went [Page 372] directly to the Womans house, not knowing the husband was there. But the man having hid himself to see what should pass between his Wife and the Iesuite, when he found them both at their Ease stabbed the Iesuite, and left him dead on the place, having thrown his Bonnet aloft, and said, Away Horns. An In­formation was exhibited of what happened, and it was constantly affirmed the Iesuite was an Adulterer, that the Husband had often warned him from seeing his Wife, and had been blamed by his Neighbours, as having consent­ed to his own infamy: The Rector of the Colledge of Granada hearing this, exhibited a Plaint Criminal against the Murtherer, and designed to make a new Information quite different from that which had been exhibited, and took with him a Notary of Granada to effect it: He endeavoured both by promises and presents to perswade the witnesses exami­ned in the first information to contradict them­selves, or at least to use ambiguous expressions in some matters: And 'twill be worth the ob­servation how he managed the business.

He that had deposed in the first information, that as soon as the Husband had killed or wounded the Iesuite, he threw the Bonnett aloft, and said Away Horns, upon the second Deposition said, He remembred not that he had mentioned that circumstance, but that if [Page 373] it was inserted in the Process, the Clark had put it in of himself: Another desirous to justi­fie the Iesuite, to shew that the woman was not lyable to suspicion, by an Equivocation said, She was a Woman of Age, that is, as he would have it, Very old, though I can affirm on my own knowledge she was but 28. Most of the witnesses used like Equivocations, but agreed all in this, That the Iesuite was a Saint, and that they had often seen him with his Chapelet in his hand: The Iesuites having gotten this information, vigorously prosecuted the mur­therer, and caused him to be condemned (by contumacy for not appearing) to be hanged, and when the sentence had been pronounced, they printed the whole Process and Informa­tion verbatim, with the Definitive sentence, and distributed it throughout the City, to those who had known the story. I have a Copy of it by me. I consider not so much the fault of this Fryar, as a thing to which others may be sub­ject, but that the Action must be holy, just, and canonized, because done by a Iesuite; and that it is better cause a man to be hanged, than acknowledge that the Society consists of men, and of sinners. Thus their Apologies prove more scandalous than their Crimes.

The horrible corruption of a holy Sister by Mena the Jesuite, her Confessor, who was saved by the Jesuites from the Inquisition, marryed, and taught Judaisme.

P. 25. Mena was a Jesuite in appearance, of very great abilities, he was lean, pale, and his eyes sunk in his head, wore alwayes a great head, and a great Chapelet, but it was the bet­ter to cover his greater hypocrisie: when I was a Student at Salamanca, being very young, I heard sometimes his discourses and exhorta­tions, which he made with such force, that his Auditors trembled, and so he gained the re­spect and esteem of a Saint; but it was obser­ved, he made his Sermons before the exercise of the Discipline of Penance, practised by ma­ny in that Colledge, for which this good Fa­ther seemed to have no great affection or De­votion, though none needed it more.

Among many others who confessed to him, there was a devout woman who was very sim­ple, to whom he said that God by Revelation had signified to him that it was his will he should marry her, and that they should live together as marryed persons, but it must be kept secret, and no person to know it. The woman would not be perswaded without seeing the opinions of some learned persons in approbati­on [Page 375] of Mena's assertions. And as one Crime ea­sily drawes on another, the Iesuite used this Artifice to make the poor woman believe that several persons of Learning agreed with him in opinion; he spoke with the ablest Doctors of the University, and told them he confessed a person very spiritual and pious, but withall very scrupulous, and to that degree, that she Rested not assured in following the directions he gave her, without confirmation from other Learned men; therefore he intreated them, that if they had a good opinion of him, and his long experience in the conduct of Souls, they would appease this unquiet spirit by assuring her she might safely follow what F. Mena ad­vised her: The Doctors who had alwayes ob­served the modesty of this mans behaviour, had often heard him preach, and knew his discour­ses were powerfull, that he spoke of nothing but eternity, that he repeated almost every day, that Iudas fryed in Hell above 1600 years for one mortall sin, and should burn there for ever, with a thousand other expressions of like na­ture, granted his request.

The I [...]suite having their testimony, went to his holy Sister, and having made use thereof to deceive the poor wretch, who thought the Doctors had approved the pretended Revela­tion of her Confessor, she consented to marry him▪ (the circumstances of this infamous mar­riage▪ [Page 376] reported by the Author are so abomina­ble, that we thought fit to omit them.) The Iesuite continued a long time the commission of his Villanies before and after Mass, and for­bore not at the same time to continue his dis­courses of piety in the Colledge, but leaving us to perform the Discipline of Penance we used in the Church, he retyred to his pleasures with his holy sister in an Ermitage where he kept her.

The Inquisition was advertised of all this, and caused Mena to be imprisoned at Vallado­bid: The taking of him made as much noise as his pretended vertue had gained him reputati­on: The Society undertook his defence, and by their credit and Certificates that F. Mena was sick, and by extenuating his Crime, they obtained leave to take him into their Colledge, where he might be in custody of the Officers of the Inquisition: But they were so desirous to set him at liberty, that while the Officers of the Inquisition, who were ordered to attend the sick man, went to dinner, the Jesuites sent to tolle the Bell, and gave it out that Mena was dead. And to cover this Lie, they made a face and hands of past-board, and having fa­gotted up a kind of body of Sticks and old Clouts, they put this wooden Mena on a Biere, and in the mean time mounted the true Mena on a good Mule, which rested not till he came [Page 377] to Genes, where he hath within these twenty years, publiquely read the Law of Moses to the Iawes. He married there, and had Children, and a friend of mine told me he had spoken with them at Genes, and asked them news of their Father, who was not long before dead: And those he had by his holy Sister I have seen Students in the Iesuites Colledge of Sala­manca, and very well used: As for the she-Saint▪ she appeared no more.

That a Fryar profest may marry upon a probable Re [...]elation.

It was upon the occasion of F. Mena, that the Iesuite Salas, lib. 2. tract. 8 Disp. unicâ Sect. 5. Nunt. 51. teaches, That a Fryar pro­ [...]est, of an Order approved, who shall have a probability of a Divine Revelation, that God dispenses with his Vow to enable him to marry, may marry, and make use of this probable, though doubtfull dispensation: I know very well that Doctor Aquila answers, that Salas changed his opinion before they had printed the Leaf that contains this pro­position. But if that be true, why did he not tear off those that were printed already: But it is a known and ordinary Artifice of the Iesuites, for evading the reproaches justly [Page 378] due to them for any proposition cited out of their Books, to produce a corrected Co­py, where it hath been expunged: But 'tis not so here, for there are several Copies of Salas in print, which are not corrected; and Salas who should have corrected the Propo­sition, hath maintained it; and three of the gravest Fathers according to the practice of the Society have approved, and three thou­sand had done it, had the book been read by so many.

A Thes [...]s of the Jesuites: That they are not obli­ged to say the Breviary: And that it is but [...] Customary Error.

P. 43. I have seen, sayes the Author, when I was at Ocagna in 1636. a Thesis maintained by the Iesuites, wherein they affirmed, that the Ecclesiastiques Secular and Regular, were not obliged neither on pain of sin mortall nor venial, to say the Breviary: That there was no Law in the Church to command it, but that it was a Custom derived from common Error: I assisted in person at these Theses, upon this token, that three dayes after the Je­suite was cited by the Inquisition, but what became of the business, I know not.

The extravagancy of the Jesuites in the matter of Revelations, and self-conceit; falsifying Books. Valentia confounded on this occasion before Pipe Clement the 8th and died.

Pag. 43. In the first Edition of the Spiritual Exercises of the Iesuites, there is this proposi­tion p [...]g. 31 and 32 of the Impression at Burg [...]s, 1574. It is the great perfection of a Christian to keep himself indifferent to do what God shall reveal to him, and not to determine himself to do what he hath already revealed and taught in the Gospel. This is the source of many other maximes of theirs, and particularly of that affirmed by a I [...]suite named Eusebius in a Book Intituled, Of the Love of Iesus and Mary, that St. Ignati [...]s had more wisdome, and spiritual prudence than St. Paul, and that if the Apostles were now in the world they would regulate their lives according to th [...]se of the Iesuites. He that answers for the Iesuites, sayes this is not true, and that these words are not in the Book which the Authors of the Ex­tracts quotes, and that he understood not La­tine.

The Author of the Reply doubts not but the words of Eusebius are to be found in the first Ed [...]tion of his Book; as having been read there by persons of good credit, who assured him thereof, but told him at the same time, that the [Page 380] Iesuites had quickly supprest it, and dextrously substituted another very like it.

As to the Apologists reproaching the Author of the Extract, that he understood not Latine, the Author of the Reply makes this reparty, That perhaps he had studied Grammar in the Schools of the Iesuites. This, sayes he, was the answer of a Divinity Professor of a Religious Order, who pressing a Iesuite extreamly in dis­pute, and in the heat of his Argument slipped into a Solecis [...], the Jesuite who was in per­plexity how to extricate himself from the ill consequences of his opinion, which the professo [...] urged very much, would have diverted the dis­pute by reproaching him with having commit­ted a fault against Grammar; I confess it▪ sayes the Professor, but not against Divinity; and the reason is clear, for I have studied Divinity in my Order, but Grammar in your Colledge.

But, our Author adds, The Spiritual Exer­cises, I have in Latine and Spanish differ as much the one from the other, as Yea and No, and 'tis not extraordinary with the Iesuites to make intire impressions of Books to take away those words which make against them.

Thus they did in the time of the Congrega­tion de Auxiliis, making an express impression of St. Augustine, and cutting of what was con­trary to their assertions, that Valentia might maintain their sentiments by the words of that [Page 381] Holy Doctor, by taking from him his own, and putting into his writings words purely Pelagian. They were convicted of this before Pope Cle­ment the 8th. For Lemos the Dominican having quoted St. Augustine in defence of a position which he maintained against the Iesuites, Va­lentia denied there was any such expression as Lemos cited in the works of St. Augustine; Le­mos desired the Books might be brought, the Ie­suite had in readiness those he had printed and falsifyed, and read the quite contrary to what Lemos affirmed; But the Dominican desired they would fetch the works of St. Augustine out of the Popes Library, and the Pope himself read there the passage as Lemos had cited it, and hav­ing thereby discovered the cheats of the Iesuites he said to Valentia: Is it thus, you pretend to de­ceive the Church of God? These words were like a thunder-bolt to strike down Valen [...]ia, and made him fall in a swoone before the Pope, and die two dayes after. By this it appears that they had made an intire Edition of the works of St. Augustine only to leave out the words cited by Lemos.

Their interessed and extravagant devotion under pretence of honouring the Virgin.

P. 7. What passed at Alcala whereof Doctor Aquila speaks makes it appear, that the Devo­tion [Page 382] of the Iesuites to the immaculate conce­ption of the Virgin is proportioned to their in­terests, and increases according to the account of the profits they draw from it in pleasing Princes, or gathering money from the people to keep the feast. They have at Alcala, as in their other houses, Congregations for their Schollars, and other persons who frequent their Colledges. They assembled on a Saturday to make a vow to defend the purity of Mary in her Conception; after which they told them, now you cannot be Dominioans, for they make a vow quite contrary, which is quite false; this done, they gathered money from all them that were to make the vow (which was the princi­pal part of the Ceremony) under pretence of the Charges they were to be at, and made some artificial fires which were like to burn an Image of the Conception, which served as a Crown to the Machine. When the Congregationists had supped, the Iesuites gave them in their hands a standard of our Lady, and having many in company very far on their way, the squadron arrived between ten and eleven a clock in the evening at the Colledge of St. Tho­mas D' Alcala with fearful cryes, and a horrible bustle mixt with scurrilous, foul, and unhand­some expressions, calling the Dominicans Jews, Hereticks, and enemies of the Virgin; they threw stones, and discharged pistols against the [Page 383] gates and the windows, brake down the glass, and wearied at last, and hoarse with crying, they went with their standard (which they let fall more than once) to the Convents of St. Ca­tharine, and the mother of God, where they play'd the like pranks.

F. Oquete the Iesuite preached the next day, and perswaded them to defend the Conception of the Virgin with the sword, with the poinard, with their blood, and with fire, and that if any opposed them St. Iago &c. which is a Spanish Oath by St. Iames, or a menace. He forgot only (which some say was done of malice) to call those of old Castile to the Assembly, who provoked by the neglect went the night fol­lowing to throw stones at F. Oquetes Chamber, exalting the Virgin, St. Thomas and his Do­ctrine: From hence proceeded the challenge between the Captains of the Castellines, and the Navarr [...]is, who carried the Standard the night of the Congregationists triumph, of which Captains the one was killed, and died without confession.

F. Oquete said in this Sermon, that the Vir­gin had rather be eternally in Hell deprived of the vision of her Son, to see Devils there, than to have been conceived in original sin.

P. 114. 'Tis not out of Piety, but hatred to the Dominicans, and to render them odious to the people, that they teach the immaculate con­ception [Page 384] of the Virgin: The Cardinal of Lugo a Iesuite in a letter to one of their Fathers at Madrid writes: Your Reverence may do well to order things, so that those of the Society apply them­selves diligently in your quarters to revive the De­votion of the Conception, to which they are well af­fected in Spain, to see if by this means we may di­vert the Dominicans, who press us here in the de­fence of St. Augustine: And I believe they will surmount us in the principal points De Auxiliis, if we oblige them not to imploy their force another way.

Their Artifices towards vain w [...]men.

P. 247. The Iesuites make use of seve­ral Artifices to surprize them with whom they have to do, and especially women. They speak of nothing but magnificence and libe­rality to those who are vain, telling them that by these vertues they establish reputation, and cite examples to that purpose; and having puft up their hearers with such vain conceits, they represent their necessities, that they have no Or­naments in their Vestries, and some of the Fa­thers want shirts to shift them.

Their Artifices towards women having Children under their care.

Ibid. There are other women well affected [Page 385] to the Iesuites, but obliged to take care of the children they have. To these they represent the sanctity of a Religious Estate, or the advan­tages that attend the service of the King, and so engage the children in Armes or Mona­steries, and so render themselves Masters of the Family.

Their Artifices to procure gifts from simple people: a cruel example of this kind.

Ibid. Some people are melancholique and scrupulous, and to these the Fathers do effectu­ally represent, that all they have of good must be applyed to their salvation, and to set their Conscience at rest they must make their Wills, wherein they provide alwayes a good Legacy for themselves, and if it be possible, perswade them to make a deed of gift to the Iesuites in­stead of a Testament: As it happened at M [...] ­laga in 1643. where a poor man resolved to retire from all secular affairs, put intire confi­dence in a Iesuite for drawing his Will, and signed it as presented without reading or hear­ing it read: But was strangely surprized, when by the end of four dayes he was turned out of his house by the Iesuites; for thinking he subscri­bed a will to take effect after his death, he had signed a deed of Gift, whereby he past all his Estate to the Iesuites in his life time. The man [Page 386] sued them at law, but where judgement is given on what is produced in writing, tears could not prevail, and the Iesuites continued in possession of the Estate, and he the right owner reduced to beggary.

Purgatory according to the Jesuites like Mahomets Paradisefull of all sorts of sensual pleasures.

P. 22. Esclapes the Licentiat who made an Extract of the wicked maximes of the Iesuites in his 8th proposition reproaches them with an affirmation, that it is probable, that besides the Purgatory generally believed, there is another very pleasant, full of flowers and sweet scents, where the souls that are purified endure no pain of sense, nor are afflicted that their entry into bliss is deferred; so that this place is to them as a noble and honourable prison. Bellarmine the Iesuite lib. 2. de Purg cap. 7. refuted by Mal­venda the Dominican in his Book of Paradise, cap. 92. Observe if there be any difference be­tween this Purgatory and Mahomets Paradise.

Doctor Aquila who undertakes the defence of these maximes of the Iesuites, answers, That this Opinion is a revelation which venerable Bede delivers as true, and approves, lib. 5. Hist Cap. 13. and that there are many other revela­tions to confirm it reported by St. Gregory, Lib. 4. Dial. Cap. 36. Bellarmine relying on his Au­thority, [Page 387] sayes, 'Tis not improbable these Reve­lations are true, and that by consequence there is such a place as they report where souls are purified; Vbi licet nulla poena sensus sit, tame [...] poena damni. If the Iesuites reviled him who said a Revelation delivered as true by St. Tho­mas was not improbable, we have as much rea­son to pay them in their own coyn on this oc­casion. Let the wise judge now whether the I [...]suites are wronged, when we say they assert the Paradise of Ma [...]omet.

The Author of the Iesuitique Theatre on these words of Aquila, sayes, it must be supposed the Paradise of Mahomet was a place feigned by that wretch, wherein were all pleasures that men may enjoy without desiring Divine, because by his tenets beatitude consists in eating and drink­ing, and other pleasures of sense. Let the wise judge whether he who dares affirm that there is a purgatory where men desire not the vision of God, where there is not any grief or pain, but sweet scents, pleasant and flourishing fields, makes any difference between this Purgatory and Mahomets Paradise. It is cause of astonish­ment that these Authors would corrupt the sense of the Saints to Authorize their perverse Opinions, for there is a vast difference between their Revelations, and the Errour which Dr. Aquila would introduce and defend under the title of an Opinion. The Saints said no more, [Page 388] but that in their prayers they smelled sweet sa­vors, and saw pleasant fields, wherein were mens souls; which denotes the comforts they received from the prayers of the faithful: When parables are used to express any matter, we must not stick at the shell but enucleate the meaning; as when our Saviour compares the Kingdom of Heaven to a grain of mustardseed, it is not to be literally understood, for he speaks by a Me­taphor. My judgement of this opinion is a­greeable to that of Suarez concerning it, whom the Iesuites so often call The thrice Sage Suarez, who sayes, Tom. 4. 3. Part. dis. 46. Sect. 1. n. 13. that this Opinion is contrary to the sense of all Divines, the Truth, and the Holy Fa­thers.

F. Gabriel de Henao the Iesuite differs little from this Opinion, when he sayes in his Empi­rology, that there shall be musique in Heaven with material instruments as upon Earth: Nor is F. Lewis Henriques far from their sentiments, having made a Book Entituled, The business of the Saints in Heaven, which is not a Book se­cret and unlicensed, but Authorized with the approbation of F. Francis de Prado then Provin­cial of Castille Dat. at Salamanca Apr. 28. 1631▪

He proves in the 22 Chap. that every Saint shall have his particular house in Heaven, and Christ a Magnificent Palace: That there shal [...] be large streets and great piazza's strong house [Page 389] and walls to environ and defend them.

He sayes in the 24th Ch. That there shall be a Soveraign pleasure in kissing and embracing the bodies of the blessed, that they shall bathe themselves in one anothers sight, that there shall be pleasant bathes for that purpose, that they shall swim like fishes, and sing as melodi­ously as Nightingales.

He affirms in the 58th Ch. that the Angels shall put on Womens habits, and appear to the Saints in the dress of Ladies, with curles and locks, with wastecoats and fardingales, and the richest linnens.

He sayes in the 47th Ch. That the men and women shall delight themselves in muscarades, feasts and ballads.

In the 27th Ch. That the streets of Paradise shall be adorned with Tapestry, and all the Hi­stories of the world engraven in the walls by excellent sculptors.

He tells us in the 60th Ch. The Angels shall not have particular houses, but that it is better for them to go from one quarrer to another for diversity.

Ch. 65. That women shall sing more plea­santly than men, that the delight may be greater.

Ch. 68. That wom [...]n shall rise again with very long hair, and shall appear with ribbands and laces as they do upon earth.

[Page 390] In the 73th Ch. that married people shall, as in this life, kiss one another, and the pretty mignons their children, which will be very pleasant.

See what he says of the general judgement, n. 50. where you will find the origin of all this, and how the whole Society had then ap­proved it, and the Provincial having afterwards allowed of it by order of the General Mutius Vit­teleschi, 'tis no wonder D. Aquila appears in its defence.

In the Indies and at China they carry on their breasts the marks of Idolatrous Sectaries, pub­lishing falsly that the Pope had declared it allow­able.

P. 401. Behold another story I heard of F. Iohn Baptista de Morales the Dominican my friend, Missionary to China, which past at Ma­cao.

The Iesuites in the Indies serve a Nation cal­led Bramins, who being of a different Sect from other Idolaters, do for distinction carry on their breasts little cords enterlaced as a chain, as the particular marque of their profession: The Iesuites who serve this people, and are wil­ling to please them (which concludes them Rich) wear these cords as the Idolaters, as at China they go in the habit of Bonzes, and cano­nize [Page 391] in their persons the idolatry of their pa­rishioners. The other orders of Religion were astonished at the sight, and consulted the H [...]ly See what they were to do on this occasion, as not being able to perswade the Iesuites out of this habit: But much about the time they ex­pected an answer. Rubinos the visitor of the Ie­suites published in Micao, that his holiness had declared, that it was allowable to wear the habit of those Indians. F. Morales being short­ly after at Rome remembred this passage, and inquired of the Commissioner of the Holy Of­fice what judgement had been given in that point; the Father [...]hewed him the sentence pro­nounced, whereby it appeared that that sort of Ornament or marque of distinction was prohi­bited as heretical, directly contrary to what the Visitor had published.

A strange vow of a Jesuite of quality, whom the Fathers dismissed their Colledge for receiving an inheritance he had renounced, obliging him by v [...]w to re-enter the Society when master of the Estate.

Charles Zani Son of Count Iohn Zani of Bo­logne in Italy entred into the Society of the Ie­suites in the year 1627. and before his entrance made an ample renunciation to all the Estate that might at any time belong to him in what [Page 392] manner soever it should be, specifying expres­ly, that neither he nor the Society should be able▪ to make any pretence thereto. When he had continued amongst them eleven years, his Father and Count Angelo his Brother dying in that time, the Fathers of the Society perswa­ded him to quit the Colledge for receiving the inheritance, and when he had done it to return thither again. To this purpose they desired of the F. General Vitteleschi the letters of dismis­sion necessary for the occasion which were sent to F. Menochins the Provincial, but before they were given to F. Charles Zany, they made him vow to return into the Society with all the estate that should belong to him, as F. Bargellin should think fit; the form of the Vow signed by F. Charles was as followeth:

I Charles Zany being ready to receive my letters of dismission from the Society of Iesus which I have desired, before they are delivered me by the Right Reverend F. Provincial Stephen Menochius do in his presence voluntarily make this vow to God, whereby I oblige my self in conscience to his Divine Majesty as strictly as is possible, that having received my said Letters of dismission, I shall again desire with all instance the Superiors for that time being, that I may re-enter the said Society as soon as I have ordered my affairs, for which I have desired and re­ceived the said Letters, intending and obliging my self to make such instance, and desire of re-entring [Page 393] the Society, and to take such time as shall be judged most convenient by the Reverend F. Vincent Marie Bargellin, as he shall think my affairs are sufficient­ly regulated; holding my self obliged in this to follow his pious judgement and his will, to exempt my self from all scruples, and to know more assuredly the time and term of accomplishing my vow to the good pleasure of God.

He quitted the habit of Religion Novemb. 27. 1639. in his Countrey, as he hath testified by writing, signed with his hand; Having after­wards taken possession of his Estate he changed his resolution and came to Rome to procure a Dispensation of his vow, but could not obtain it of Pope Innocent the 10th, fell sick of a feaver, and made his Will in favour of the Colledge of Iesuites of Boulogne by the perswasion of these Fathers who attended him day and night, and shortly after he died.

The Iesuites forth with seized the Estate: but the vow of F. Charles being unhappily thwart­ed by a contrary settlement made by the Lords of Zany, a Suite was commenced at the Ruota at Rome. The Iesuites fearing lest in the pro­secution and judgement of the cause, the strange vow of Charles Zany might be published, and their insatiable Avarice and new Artifices to in­vade inheritances discovered, obtained of Pope Alexander the 7th; a signature of Grace, where­by he commanded the Auditors of the Ruota [Page 394] to determine the business by way of accord. This was accordingly done by dividing the Estate in question into twelve parts, five where­of were assigned to the Iesuites, and the re­maining seven to the Lords of Zani, who got not the possession but through infinite difficul­ties and hinderances interposed by these fathers, to the total dissipation of almost all the inheri­tance.

ALETTER OF MONSIEVR***** to one of his Friends at Paris: Wherein is seen the base Complaysance of the Jesuites towards opulent and puissant persons, and their strange conduct concerning a Regular Abbot, whom they feared not to absolve on his death-bed, without obliging him to make resti­tution of his Robberies, nor reparation for his horrible scandals, but took care to interre him in their Church at Lyons, and to extoll [...] him for his piety, by publick Monuments.
Written from Grenoble, 28, Octob, 1661.


YOu desire an Account of our journey: And 'tis fit I perform that little you de­sire, to give this testimony at least of my rea­diness to obey you in the most important occa­sions. We had good Weather every day since we parted from Paris, as if Winter had put [Page 396] off her coming, to afford us the leisure to re­turn home with convenience.

I need not tell you, we passed by Clairvaux, Auberine, Cisteaux, la Ferte, and Clugny, those great and vast Houses, which stand famous Monuments of our Ancestors piety. But 'tis matter of Lamentation, that the spirit of those Saints who founded them▪ being expired al­most as soon as their persons, they have left us nothing but so many heaps of stones; and that after they were sanctified by poverty and peni­tence, their reputation hath gotten their Suc­cessors riches, which serve only to maintain in idleness and sloth those that enjoy them. But because these evils are without remedy, I shall not insist longer on them, but make a step as far as Lyons, to tell you the story of a little Conference I had there with a Jesuite.

Monsieur de M. one of their good Friends, up­on our arrivall brought us to see their House of Belle-Cour: Having prayed a while in their Church, I staid to look on an Epitaph I had heard of, and hardly then finished; but it be­ing late, and my sight short, I could scarce read any more than these two words, Piè obiit. When I was come forth, I was glad to under­stand from the Father who accompanied us, that it was the Elogy of Monsieur the Abbot of St. Sulpice, and as I had known something of the life of that miserable Abbot, I endea­voured [Page 397] to learn some particularities concern­ing his death. I told this Father, it would be much to my comfort, if it were true, that this Abbott dyed piously, as I had read in his Epi­taph, but I should be more joyfull to hear some particulars of his repentance.

He answered me very simply, there was no doubt but he dyed in a very good condition, for that he had been assisted by their Fathers, in his last sickness. Father, said I, pray tell me how he came into this good condition? if after he had scandalized all the world by his Debaucheries, infamous Avarice and Impieties, he edified the Church by some marks of re­pentance, what penance did he? hath he at least restored the vast summes whereof he rob­bed his Monastery and the poor? For you know without doubt that he enjoyed above twenty years two Benefices whereof he never gave Almes. And that to gain the greater Revenue, he let almost all his Monks die without re­ceiving any: He spent no more in repairs than in Alms, so that all the Regular plac [...]s of his Monastery are run to ruine; particularly there is neither Dormitory, Infirmiry, nor Refecto­ry; lastly, not satisfied with all the money he heaped up by such extraordinary niggardliness, he hath cut down the best part of the Woods of his Monastery, and converted them to his use. [Page 390] [...] [Page 391] [...] [Page 392] [...] [Page 393] [...] [Page 394] [...] [Page 395] [...] [Page 396] [...] [Page 397] [...]

[Page 398] The Good Father assured me, the Fathers took no cognizance of all this; that his Estate passed to Monsieur his Brother, a person of Credit, and prime man of a City. I was impa­tient, and cryed out, Father, What Conduct, what Aveings are here? what, did they not re­present to this Abbot, that a man of Religion cannot amass Money, without amassing for himself a treasure of wrath against the last day? Did they not tell him, the fire must devour th [...]ir souls, who have been so unhappy as to hide the Gold and Silver which they had to be im­ployed for relieving the necessities of the mem­bers of Christ? Did they not threaten him with the dreadfull Judgements of God, who hath no compassion for Robbers and Sacrilegious persons, who dye in their sins.

Father, I know they had leisure enough to declare to him what he was obliged to do, for that he was above six months sick, and your Fathers visited him during all that time: If it be true, that they did not forget to oblige him to make restitution of his Rapines, that he might thereby at least satisfie one part of his sins, but that he notwithstanding continued obdurate. How could your Fathers give ab­solution to a sinner, who had given no signs of repentance, but persisted wilfully in his Crimes, in keeping to the last vast summs of money in his hands, to which he had no right? St. Peter [Page 399] hath taught us, with what [...]everity they are to be judged, who divert and retain for them­selves any part of things consecrate to God. This Crime was punished by sudden death in the person of Ananias; and it was the Prince of the Apostles who pronounced that terrible Judgement: If your Fathers have given any hope of salvation to a person more criminal than Ananias, what was it but to abuse the power of Christ, in declaring that a living soul which was really dead? I confess, Father, that what opinion soever I conceived of your specu­lative Morality, I see now you surpass it in your practical. They who write books, and expose their though [...]s to the eyes of the world, have commonly some Reserves, and dare not ex­press their wicked opinions barefaced and na­ked, but clothe them with some specious pro­babilities of truth; which conceals at least from the eyes of the people some part of their lyes. But I perceive by this instance you trouble not your selves to disguise your detestable Max­ims; that you easily dispense with the most in­dispensable Laws, and will do any thing to please men: By the ancient custom of Mona­steries, every Fryar with whom they found money after his death, was held unworthy of Christian Buriall, and his body exposed to be devoured by Birds and by Beasts: But you, my Fathers, you have fine subtleties and devices [Page 400] to save all the world, especially those who have money: The vast summes found with the Ab­bot of St. Sulpice, prevailed not with you to think him unworthy absolution; and though he dyed without giving any thing to the poor, which is a sensible mark of his Reprobation, you were not afraid to interre his miserable Reliques in your Church, and adorn him with publick Monuments of piety.

I begg your pardon, Father, for the liberty I take to tell you my thoughts: I shall add one thing more, which doubtless all persons of a mean understanding, that shall here speak of this story, will presently inferr: The world does you the right to take you for persons of prudence and wisdome, and wanting no ad­dress or dexterity when your interest is con­cerned. This well-grounded perswasion will naturally incline them to believe, that when you give absolution to sinners, who have done nothing to merit it, you are well paid for it, as a thing of your gift, which you owe not in justice: And that you take to your selves at least a great part of the Estates of those wicked rich men, to whom you promise Paradice, without regard to Gods Word, who excludes them from thence who never repent. And certainly M. the Abbot of St. Sulpice made ill ac­knowledgement of the goodness you exprest towards him, if he gave you not part of those [Page 401] Rapines he could not carry with him to the other world, and were no longer of any use to him: 'Twere well then, Father, that men knew your behaviour in this affair: They may possibly finde some reasons to excuse you, and justifie the memory of your penitent. 'Tis possible, he hath made some restitution which turned to your advantage, and was applyed to your use, and may advance his salvation as much as if it had been made to them to whom of right it belonged: In a word, it is proba­ble there may be reason sufficient to preferr you before a Rabble of poor Folks and Monks, that are of no use to the World, who had right to the Money he bestowed on you.

This Father being none of the ablest, appear­ed sufficiently perplexed at this discourse, but at last being obliged to say something in Justi­fication of the Company, he assured me this Abbot had given them nothing, and that for the Enterrement and Epitaph, whereof they took care, they had received only Sixty Lonyses, which was little more than what it had cost them: All this was so simply related by the poor Father, that certainly he knew no more, so that I said no more to him, but that I bla­med them very much for doing so wicked a work at so cheap a rate.

[Page 402] From Lyons we went to St. Sulpice, where I was an Eye-witness of the disorder wherein this wretched Abbot le [...]t the Monastery, both in its spiritual and temporal Concerns, and understood he committed enormities which sufficiently demonstrated he had neither Ho­nour nor Religion: A Fryar he was, but seldom or never wore the habit of his Order: A Priest he was but never said Mass, unless when he was obliged to receive some Nunnes to profession in the Houses, that d [...]pended of him, over whom he had Jurisdiction in quali­ty of Vicar Generall of the Order in Savoy and Presse, but before he went from their hou­ses he chaffer'd what they were to give him, and was so punctual and exact in making them pay, that one of the Nunnes being un­able to make up the summe they had agreed upon, he put off his Priestly Ornaments, and deferred the Mass and Ceremony to another time: Not to stay any longer in giving you a Catalogue of all his Disorders, it may be said in a word, that he wanted nothing to make him a compleatly wicked man. I was told upon the place, he had carryed to Lyons part of the most precious things in his possession, having left almost all the rest in a Castle call­ed Machura: That in his sickness his Bro­ther had sent Horsemen thither, who by force took away all from the House; and [Page 403] came after to the Abby to do the like, but that the resistance the Fryars made obliged them to return without their Errand.

The report of the Countrey is, that the In­heritance his Brother is seized of amounts to above a hundred thousand Livres, which may be easily believed, for what cannot that man amass who enjoyed two such fat Benefices, and was at no charge? He had scarce any Fryars, and those few he had he gave not any thing to; no servants, no retinue, yet had he industry and care sufficient to Revell good cheap, and pay little for the most scandalous Debaucheries.

From St. Sulpice we went by the Grand Chartreuse to Grenoble. But two dayes agoe Monsieur De M. went to the Brother and heir of the Abbot, to demand Justice, and repre­sent to him, that it was not allowable for him to possess himself of, and retain by force an Estate that belonged to other men: But we had no satisfaction from this great Magistrate, he exprest no repentance for the Robbery com­mitted, but hath formed his Conscience so in this matter, that 'twill be no easie thing to per­swade him to let goe such a prey: He told us in few words, but gravely, that he had done nothing but what had been approved by twenty good Casuists, whereof above half were very able Iesuites: And that is Decisme.

[Page 404] Before I conclude my Letter, I will propose a question wherein I should be very glad to receive your advice. It cannot be unknown, what the conduct of the Iesuites hath been in regard of this Abbot; to what degree of con­descendence they are fallen, and how apt they are to flatter sinners in the desires of their hearts: But the difficulty is to finde out that which hath particularly obliged them to this behaviour, on the present occasion. Is it be­cause these complay sans Directors have got such a habit of loose complying with all the wills of their Penitents, that it is not in their power to contradict them, and are as it were forced in spite of themselves to do yet more than their Maxims permit: Is it because they observe no rule in their practice, but to do what they list? Do they believe in good ear­nest that sinners they guide in this manner, or rather permit to walk in the broad way to destruction, may be saved? and that men need not any more seek the narrow Path? Have they not had greater regard to the Au­thority of the Living, than the Salvation of the Dead Brother? And since they have been capable of approving the unjust Usurpation he made of the Estate left by his Brother, is it not probable they are capable of demanding his favour to serve their turn on very ill Ac­counts? When we meet at Paris, we may [Page 405] discourse of this Affair more at large, and then if you be not satisfied with my word, I shall produce you unquestionable witnesses. M. the present Abbot of St. Sulpice is fully informed of all I have told you: M. his Un­kle will confirm the same, and also his Fa­ther, whom the RR. FF. cannot suspect of partiality against them, for that he is their particular Friend.


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