THE CHARACTER OF A Pilfering Taylor, Or a True ANATOMY OF Monsieur Stich, In all his TRICKS and QUALITIES.

LONDON, Printed in the Year 1675.


be Religion and not Faction, & so far indulge it, as Conscience may be satisfied and Ambition disap­pointed: This can be done by none, but by one who has been bred up in some acquaintance with Moderation, and has not sworn to advance a Party. Christian Religion has been too far clogg'd by Ornament, Superstition, Superstructure, Impo­sitions, unnecessary Questions, & more unnecessary Determinations, ever to hope that any one Par­ty shal subdue the other by Argument or dint of Reason so as to bring them over; then there re­mains nothing but Force, which is of such ill con­sequence, that it is the only way to Banish all sense of Religion out of the World: Therefore a mutual Forbearance, an Allowance or permis­sive Indulgence to Mistakes or Pre-possessions, is all that is left, and more than this Man can­not invent with any good meaning to his fellow-Creature. A Prince who has been used to this, who is not startled at Names, who desires to be a Father to his People, and not a Tool to his [Page 3] Priests, is the Prince that England wants.

Prudence, tho of so large an extent, as to seem to include all Virtues. Nullum numen a­best si sit Prudentia: yet it properly means in a Prince, that admirable forecast of Events, that dexterous Rencountering of Accidents, that sagacious discovery of secret Machinations both at home and abroad, so as to prevent them in their birth, and above all, the understanding of the Interest that his People is engaged in by their Circumstances. A Nation is composed of private Men; all brought up very near in the same Customs, and Instructed much by the same sort of Teachers: the Prince must take them as he finds them. He that would introduce Monar­chy into Holland, which will drown for Liber­ty at any time, or settle a Re-publick in France, which will and does as eagerly fight for Slavery, will have a Task of no small performance. Eng­land has always been the Trimmer between these extreams; and tho that be a troublesom Office, [Page 4] and sometimes may be unable to keep all steddy, yet the inconveniency is soon felt on either side, and as soon remedied by the weight of Interest: But a wise Prince will easily keep the Conten­ders quiet, if he reflects, he can only be safe by preventing the excess; they who would make him Absolute, would kill him with kindness, make him debase Human nature, divest his Sub­jects of their Reason, by which alone Men can obey sweetly, and at last expose him to all the Rage and insolent Infidelity of mercenary Guards and senseless Slaves; And those who would dis­robe him of necessary Power, would make him a restless Tool to ambitious Projects, uncapable of protecting his People, a perpetual Martyr to Fears and Jealousies, while he would be endeavouring to perform his Office; all his Actions liable to Misconstructions, and in short, put him into so regular a Diet, that the least good Meal of Frui­tion in Power would prove a Surfeit. Therefore the Prince we want, is one accustomed to the am­bitious [Page 5] Projects of others, us'd to preside in popu­lar Assemblies, that so fathoming the Depth of hu­man Combinations, he may see the danger of giv­ing colourable Pretexts by arbitrary Proceedings, and likewise avoid splitting upon the Sand of too much Confidence in his own Judgement and Ma­nagement. In short, he that has managed great Councils, will never be managed by little ones, and so never drawn aside from his People.

Valour is so essential a Quality in a Prince, that it is part of his being. Omnia sunt Gla­diipedissequa; and the Sword is delivered to him by a more divine Commission than any other of his Attributes, God allowed the Plea in his own People, when they rejected the Government of the Priesthood, to demand one to lead them in and out to Battel. Since the peaceable princi­ples of Christianity, which endeavoured to tame the ferocity of Heathenism, have not been able en­tirely to banish Arms and War, and that at least defensively, it must be allowed; `tis most certain, [Page 6] that a Prince without Valour is not to be relied upon for Protection: and tho of late perhaps some have troubled the World without that person­al Quality, yet our Nation will always have a pro­found Veneration for one who shall head it in glorious Actions. What will they have then for a Hero, who from his first Manhood has with­stood the torrent of impetuous Invasion, who has in the midst of Fire, and Smoak preserved all the Security and Calmness that Men have at leisure hours, and yet shewed all the Spirit and Conduct that Danger required. There goes a great deal to the making of a General, but much more to have a Soveraign be eminent in Generalship; and when such a Prince falls to a Nations lot, they may boldly hope to find respect in the remotest parts of this habitable World, particularly having Fleets to carry the Glory of their Prince to the Antipodes.

Justice is the finishing of that true Picture of God Almighty, a Prince, that which makes him [Page 7] look lovely in the Eyes of all his Subjects, from the highest to the lowest; but it must be tempered with Mercy, which is properly the Justice of his own Nature, the other is the utmost result of hu­man Reason into Rules called Laws, of which the Prince is the Guardian, and ought particularly to watch the Administration of them, for they can­not be strained or slakened without ajarring in the Harmony of Government. At this most admira­ble Qualification are levelled all the Batteries of the Rapacious or the Flattring; Here they place infallibility, and would have the Prince believe that his will is the Fountain-Head, that all the Streams may take what Channel he pleases, and this that some of them may be diverted to their use. Few Men trust to Merit, most to Favour, that makes them strive for Power, and make it uphold its own Extravagancies, even with the ha­zard of the Princes safety and the Peoples quiet: And so unhappily fertile are unjust Acts, that they beget one another, and like the Plagues of Egypt, [Page 8] do but harden Hearts: Nothing can so soon over­turn a Government as the want of Justice. Poli­tick Bodies are never dissolved till they are in a state of War, and they are never so, till every Man is his own Carver, for want of an equal distributive Power.

A Prince therefore whose Birth and Educa­tion has been in a Country where Laws flourish, and Property is sacred, whose Nature is just, and Temper merciful, who has refused Sovereign Power, because he would be true to his Trust, who has over-worn Fears and Jealousies, where they were supported with specious Pretences and for­reign Assistances, who has gained his Enemies, re­concil'd his Opposers, and powerfully protected his Friends, that Prince, if we are wise, may make us happy.

Edinburgh, Re-printed in the Year, 1689.

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