There is [...] Printed a Book Intituled, A Treatise of the Holy Trin­unity, in two Parts: The First asserteth the Deity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit, in the Ʋnity of Essence with God the Father. The Second in Defence of the former, answereth the chiefest Objecti­ons made against this Doctrine. By I. M.

Chap. I. THe Case is briefly stated.

Chap. II. Sheweth that there is but one God, the Crea­tor and Former of all things.

Chap. III. Asserteth a Plurality of Divine Subsistences.

Chap. IV. Of the Father.

Chap. V. Proveth the Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1. By his Names. 2. That God in the Old Testament in divers Places is Christ in the New. 3. By seven particular Texts of Holy Scriptures. 4. That Christ pre-existed his Incarnation in his Di­vine Nature, and is no Angel incarnate, but is Coeternal with the Father. 5. His Deity is proved by his Works. And 6. By Di­vine Worship given to him.

Chap. VI. Proveth the Deity of the Holy Ghost. 1. That he is a Divine Person. 2. His Deity is asserted from several Texts of Scripture. 3. By his Works. 4. By Divine Worship given to him.

Chap. VII. Proveth the Unity of the Holy Trinity.

Chap. VIII. Containeth some Explications of the Holy Trinuni­ty. 1. Of the Essential Being of God. 2. Of the Divine Persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. 3. Of the Distincti­ons of the Divine Nature and the Persons, and some Shadows by way of Comparison of the incomparable and inconceivable Being of God, and of the Union of Christ's two Natures.


Chap. I. Answereth Objections against the Scriptural Proofs of Christ's Deity.

Chap. II. Answers to Objections drawn from several Texts of Scriptures.

Chap. III. Answers to several Arguments against the Deity of Christ.

Chap. IV. Answers to several Objections against the Scriptures, that prove the Deity of the Holy Ghost.

Chap. V. Answers to some Objections drawn from divers Scrip­tures to disprove the Deity of the Holy Spirit.

Chap. VI. Answers to some Scriptures from whence our Adver­saries assert that the Father only is the true God. With a general Answer and Conclusion. Price bound one Shilling.

A REPLY TO Doctor Wallis, HIS DISCOURSE Concerning the Christian SABBATH.


LONDON: Printed for Thomas Fabian, at the Bible in Cheap­side, near Bread-street End, 1693.

A REPLY TO Dr. WALLIS's DISCOURSE, Concerning the Christian Sabbath.


A Little after the Printing the Enquiry, Whether the Lord Jesus Christ made the World, and be Jehovah, and gave the Moral Law? And whether the Fourth Command be Repealed or Altered? There was Re­printed a Tract of Mr. Chafies, on the Fourth Command, I think, as Answer to that part of the Enquiry, which referred to the Fourth Command; and then another by one Mr. G. T. both which I had no sooner Examined, but another was Pub­lished by John Wallis, D. D.

Which Discourse of the Doctor's, as containing the strength of what is said for the First Day, I hold my self principally concerned to consider.

I find the Doctor p. 1. would not on the account of the Day, whether the Seventh or the First, give any Disturbance to the Peace or Practice of the Church where he Lives, so that a Sab­bath be duly observed, tho' perhaps not upon what Day he should choose.

What Day he would choose, I know not, but hope it would be the Day the Lord hath Chosen and Blessed.

But the Question is not, what Day he would choose to rest upon, but what day we ought to choose, and I am willing to hope he would choose that Day, which after the best Judgment I can make upon his Book, I think, is the Seventh Day, and that he means that Day, by that, otherways Doubtful Expres­sion.

And I think the Word is the Rule of Worship, &c. And not the Practise of the Church where we live.

Nor know I certainly what Church may be meant, for that he and I live in an Age, wherein there are variety differing a little from one another, nor am I willing to disturb the true Peace of the Churches of Christ; but if in any thing they be defe­ctive in their Judgment, or Practice, their Peace lies in their re­turning to their Obedience, which is better than Sacrifice, 1 Sam. 15. 22.

And till the Lord bring that about, I see little likelyhood the Sabbath should be duly observed, or have the full Blessing be­stowed on it, which is annexed to it.

Nor do I think the true Sabbath is so hard to be found as he supposes, to whom I may say as Moses to the Israelites, Deut. 30. 11, 12, 13, 14. This Commandment is not hid from thee, neither is it far off; ‘'Tis not beyond the Seas that we should need to go round the Earth to fetch it, (as the Dr. p. 79. pleasantly advi­seth) but the Word is very nigh unto thee, in thy Mouth, and in thine Heart, that thou mayst do it.’

He says also, p. 1. That he does not know whether Sunday be a first or second, a third or a seventh Day, in a continual Circulation of Weeks from the Creation, or from Christ's time; and if so, he is at a great uncertainty, and I do not wonder if he be yet to choose his Day; which Expressions in his first Page, may give some Light to state this Question, for if he does not know from Christ's time, which Day of the Week Sunday, as he calls it, is, I see very little reason why he should observe it.

He adds, And what it is impossible for him to know, he thinks will be no Cirme to be ignorant of; and if he do not know what Day of the Week Sunday is, and much more if it be impossible for him to know it, I see no reason at all why he should write a Book for the Observation of a Day impossible for him to know.

All the Christian and Hebrew Churches in the World, I think, are agreed, that Sunday is the first Day of the Week, which Day I presume by the rest of his Book, the Doctor observes, and if we be right in that (as I think we are) that Sunday is the first Day, it will be no great Task by telling seven, to resolve which is the seventh Day.

But notwithstanding the impossibility for him to know what Day of the Week Sunday is, he is sufficiently satisfied that we ought to keep a Sabbath, and so am I, and I think we may be sufficiently certain, which is the seventh Day in the weekly Cir­culation, and am willing to observe that Blessed and Sanctified Day and Time, which I think is the Lord's Day, and not chan­ged, and so not hard to be found.

And I do not think God has left the stress of a Point, where­on his Publick Worship doth somewhat depend, upon a thing impossible for us to know; by his Word and Works, he can make this plain to all.

First, I agree with him, that the place of Worship under the Gospel, p. 2. is not so material, whether this, or that, John 4. 21, 23. 1 Tim. 2. 8. God is a Spirit, and his true worshippers did, do, and shall worship him in spirit and in truth. And I know no co­lour now for the Holiness of Places, for which yet (as the Dr. p. 3.) some are zealous.

I agree with him that Christmas is of Human Institution, which I think he admits by the words, so be it, p. 3. which I think does also lay aside all other Holy Days, which are but of Human Institution; and p. 13. about Christmas the Doctor says, It is not agreed amongst Chronologies, either what Year, or what Month, much less what day of that Month our Saviour was Born, yet (he says) we keep December the 25th, in memory of his Birth, as supposing him to have been then Born: And p. 45. he says, No Man at this Day knows what Day it was, and p. 13. That we are at so great uncertainty, as we reckon the Year 1692 from his Cir­cumcision to begin the first of January, and the same Year his Concep­tion not till the 25th of March after; as if his Birth and Circum­cision had been a quarter of a Year before his Conception: And so the Doctor leaves those days, If I mistake not, utterly uncertain.

In p. 12. he tells us, The Pascal Tables which should direct us what day to keep Easter on, do put us further out then if we had none at all.

I agree with the Doctor, p. 2, & 3. that our Lord Jesus Christ according to his Divinity was God, and is so, the true God, the God that made Heaven and Earth, the God who delivered the Law at Mount Synai, and I think those three, the father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, are on Jehovah, Deut. 6. 4. 5. Jehovah Aelohenu, Jehovah our Mightiest, is Jehovah Aechad, is one Jeho­vah, was, is, and will be one Jehovah, (i. e.) the Lord our God, is one Lord, and Mark 12. 29, 30. The Lord our God, is one Lord, which are the words of Jesus.

And I agree also, that the Blessing and Sanctifying the seventh Day, Gen. 2. 3. was by Jehovah, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, which goes far in this Question, and I think proves the seventh Day to be the Lord's Day.

And when he has acknowledged the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit to be three, yet but one God, the Lord Jehovah, &c. he adds, p. 3. But he cannot agree that Christ, as God, and Man, (in Contradistinction to the Father, and Holy Spirit) did all those things, for he that is Christ, was not then Man.

Which Words of the Doctor, of what he does agree, and what he cannot agree, insinuates, as if I had said, that Christ as God-Man did all those things, which the Doctor cannot agree, whereas he must needs know that is not so, for I neither say, nor ever thought (till that I read it in Mr. G. T. and the Doctor) that Christ was Incarnate at the making of the World, or at his giving of the Law on Sinai; so as the Doctor has not well sur­mized in this, and any Reader may see it is not so; for Christ took our Nature on him about 4000 years after the Creation; and I find not a word of any Contradistinction between the Fa­ther and the Holy Spirit, and the Son in the Enquiry, but the direct contrary, viz. their oneness with the Son in those Works, which they both cannot but know.

And he adds, p. 3. what he should rather say about our Lord Jesus Christ's blessing the seventh Day, because he was not then the Lord Christ, (God and Man) &c. seems to make the Sur­mize somewhat worse, upon which he says, that I p. 64. lay great stress) for neither I, nor any other that I know, has said or thought, that Christ, when he Blessed the seventh Day was then in the Flesh, so that in this I think the Doctor blama­ble.

But the Doctor does acknowledge that the Son is Jehovah, (i. e.) that he is Lord; for which see Enquiry, p. 9. 10. &c. and I think he does believe that the Son of God is Jesus, that is, the Saviour, the only Saviour, and that he is Christ, that is, the anointed for that Glorious Blessed Work of Redemption, that is, the Messiah, he is called, as I think, often in the Old-Testa­ment.

For the Father has chosen us in him, before the foundation of the World, in him, that is, in the Lord Jesus Christ, and our Lord Jesus Christ, as Christ, is expresly named, Eph. 1. 2, 3, 4.

And in Colos. 1. 16. speaking of Christ, as he by whom all things were created, that are in Heaven, and that are in Earth: v. 17. and he is before all things, he, that is, Christ, is expresly Colos. 1. 2, 3. there named the Lord Jesus Christ, and our Lord Jesus Christ, who v. 19. created all things; and Christ is named our Lord Jesus Christ in every Epistle from Rom. to the Heb. (for so far I searched a little) and that frequently, and sometime after also.

Mr. G. T. (whom the Doctor in this Objection seems to follow) writes of this great Mystery in two or three places under the like and greater mistakes, and so at present I leave him. But for the Doctor to impose upon his Readers herein, as he does p. 2, 3. seems blameable.

And why he thus begins in a Case which relates to the Deity of Christ with such Insinuations, for which he has no colour, that I know, from the Enquiry, wherein Christ's Deity and his being Jehovah is directly affirmed, unless it be at first to infuse some Prejudice, I am not willing to conjecture.

And as to this, if the Holy Spirit by Paul, names Christ the Lord Jesus Christ, and our Lord Jesus Christ, in whom the Father hath chosen his, before the foundation of the world, by whom all things were created, and who was before all things. I see no reason why Mr. G. T. and the Doctor should vary from the Apostles ex­pressions, and divers other Scriptures. And such Artifices the Reader may discern afterward.

I agree also with the Doctor, That God who made the world in six days, rested the seventh day, Gen. 2. 2, 3. Exod. 20. 11. And that he blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed (or San­ctified) it, Doctor p. 3. and here he does read it, not a seventh, bue the seventh Day; the same Hebrew word here in Gen. 2. 2, & 3. Hashebigni, which is used in Exod. 20. 10, 11. which some would render there a seventh; and the Reason and [Page 6] Sence of Gen. 2. 2, & 3. does require, that it be rendered as the word signifies, the Seventh Day, for no man (that I know) does imagine that the Lord, Gen. 2. 2, & 3. Blessed and Sanctified any other Day of the Week for Rest, but that only, on which he Rested, and that was expresly not a, but the Seventh, and no other day of the Week; and so I think, for all after Seventh days in the Circulation of after Weeks, and Christ in the time of his Incarnation kept not a Sabbath, but the Sabbath, and surely he understood his own Institution, and was not mistaken in the Day.

And the Doctor p. 4. says, The Words he Blessed and Sanctified it, may be a strong Intimation for Mankind ever after to ob­serve the Seventh day, &c. But (he says) is not expresly said: And that the Seventh day Blessed and Sanctified, Gen. 2. 2, & 3. is not only a strong Intimation, as the Doctor, but does in­clude the Seventh day of every Week afterward in a continual Succession, or Circulation of Days; and Weeks, I think, is proved by the Words of Blessing, and Sanctifying, or making Holy the Seventh day (which are comprehensive Words) and from Exod. 20. 10, 11. as that day of every Week which Men were and are to remember to keep Holy. And God's Sabbatizing on the Seventh day, was, as I think, that Man might keep the Sab­bath day in the continual Circulation of Weeks in a Spiritual Rest.

And in this Scripture Gen. 2. 2. we have the Foundation for the Seventh day Sabbath, where the Words are, And on the seventh day God had ended his work which he had made, and he rested, or sabbatized on the seventh day, from all his work which he had made, Heb. 4. 4. Where it is said, he spake of the Seventh day in this wise, and God did rest the seventh day from all his works and Elohim blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, because that in it he had rested from all his works which God created and made, Gen. 2. 3. And from God's Sabbatizing here, it is, That the seventh day is called the sabbath, Exod. 20. 9. 11. And throughout the Old and New-Testament, from the Heb. root Shabath he kept Sabbath: And the Lords Blessing the Seventh day, Gen. 2. 3. makes it a day of his distributing the greatest heavenly Blessings upon all that obey his Voice,

And his Sanctifying the Seventh day, shews it to be Conse­crated, and so separated from all common Works, and earthly Employments, and shews it to be Dedicated and Sanctified by [Page 7] him, to his Worship, as an Holy day, and as his day (i. e.) the Lords day to be used in Holy Solemn Exercises of Religion as long as the World lasts, till Believers come to that Sabba­tism in Heaven, which remains for the People of God, Heb. 4. 4, 8, 9.

And he that doubts the Seventh day, Gen. 2. 2, 3. does not include every Seventh day in the continual Succession of Weeks, may see by comparing Exod. 20. that this Institution is not men­tioned in Exod. 20. as then first given, but as that which God had Instituted upon his creating the World, and the keeping the weekly Sabbath, was as absolutely necessary for the Spiritual good of those Believers, and others who lived in the first Ages of the World after the Fall (and of Adam and Eve also if they had not fallen) as it is for us at this day, to Con­template his infinite Excellencies, and mighty Works.

And p. 3. from Gen. 2. 2, 3. and Exod. 20. 11. he does agree, that God hath appointed (after six days of ordinary Labour) Man should observe a Seventh day of Holy rest, and this in a continual Succession, which I think goes far to resolve this que­stion, not a, but the Seventh day only being first instituted, Gen. 2. and afterward observed as a Sabbath throughout the Scri­ptures.

And if he agrees (as he does p. 3.) that it was the Seventh day that was Blessed and Sanctified, Gen. 2. 3. and that this is a clear and ancient Testimony for the Holiness of time, as he doth, then, till another Sanctified Day of the Week, and ano­ther weekly time can be found which is Blessed and Sanctified by the Lord; we are (for ought I can see) to rest or keep Sabbath upon the Seventh day, as our Lord did, by whom we have no other weekly Day or Time Consecrated, or observed as Holy, but only the Seventh day, and the Doctor's opinion of the Holiness of this time has confirmed, and as I think esta­blished my Thoughts of the Holiness of the Seventh-day-Sab­bath.

I agree also with him, that the Law of the Sabbath is one of the Ten Commands, Exod. 20. and am not only willing to think (as the Doctor) but am satisfied it was a Law before, and that not only because we find it observed Exod. 16. before the Law given at Sinai, Exod 20. (in which Exod. 16. 25, 26. the Seventh day is called a Sabbath to the Lord, (i. e.) the Lord's day) but especially (as the Doctor acknowledges) for that Gen. [Page 8] 2. 3. God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, because in it he rested from all his Work, and I do, with the Doctor, think this a clear Testimony (and as ancient as the Creation) for the Ho­liness of Time, (i. e.) as far as I can possibly discern, for the Holiness of the weekly Seventh day, for there was no other weekly Day then, or since made Holy that we can find in the Word, but the Seventh day only) and this alone will go very far to resolve and settle this question.

I agree also with the Doctor, that the Law of the Decalogue or Ten Commandments, tho' then given to Israel, is binding to us also, p. 3. & 4. And I think we have sufficient Evidence from the Scriptures, that the Sabbath was observed from the Cre­ation to the Flood, tho' he thinks in the short History Moses gives of that time there be no mention made of such Observati­on from the Creation to the Flood.

For First, on the Seventh day God (Heb. Elohim) had ended his Work which he had made, and he Sabbatized on the Seventh day from all his Work which he had made, Gen. 2. 2.

The Example of God's keeping the first Seventh-day-Sabbath, is one undeniable Evidence of the Seventh-day-Sabbath kept after the Creation. For Gen. 2. 1. The heavens, and the earth, and all the Hosts of them, were finished before the seventh day, and so the Seventh day was kept after the Creation, and before the Flood.

A second Evidence is the same repeated, Gen. 2. 3. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, because that in it he had rested from all his Work which he had Created and Made.

Which Repetition of God's resting the Seventh day, does strongly inculcate and inforce our Duty, and certainly prove that God had rested the Seventh day after the Creation, and be­fore the Flood.

A third Evidence from the Case of Cain and Abel, Gen. 4. 3. And in process of time Cain brought an offering to the Lord, and v. 4. Abel also brought his offering.

In Process of Time, Heb. Mikketz Jammin, at the end of Days, or at the cutting off of Days, Enquiry p. 23.

Which end, or cutting off of days, so far as God hath revea­led, seems to be the end of the Days of the Week, when the reckoning of Days was cut off, and after the Seventh day end­ed, they were to begin to reckon again, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 'twas the Seventh day, the last day of the Week which before was Blessed and Sanctified, when the Creation upon the six days was finished, which Seventh day was the end of the days of the Week.

So as Cain (as bad as he was) and Abel, who obtained wit­ness that he was righteous, Heb. 11. 4. both (as I think) kept the Sabbath, Cain outwardly, but Abel, no doubt, by that wit­ness of his Righteousness, in an Holy, Spiritual, and Heavenly manner, to whose offering the Lord had respect, Gen. 4. 4. but to Cain's offering he had not respect: And if the Seventh day then ended the Week, as it now does, and if none can tell us of any other end of days at that time, I may thence infer, these offerings were at least very probably, if not certainly, upon the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and are a good Evidence for it.

And the Righteousness ascribed to Abel, Heb. 11. 4. surely does import his Obedience to all Gods Wills then revealed, whereof the Seventh day was eminently one, and Abel's sacrificing the Firstlings of his Flock was another, Gen. 4. 4.

Which Offerings were Types of Christ, and proper for the Sabbath-day, which Abel offered unto God by Faith, and was a more excellent Sacrifice then Cain's, by which Abel obtained witness that he was Righteous, God testifying of his Gifts, and by it, he being dead, and yet speaketh, Heb. 11. 4. I think he yet speaketh to us, to be Righteous as he was, and to observe the Seventh day.

And that Abel was a Person obedient unto God in all things; we have the Testimony of Christ, who calls him Righteous Abel, Matth. 23. 35.

A fourth Evidence is from Gen. 5. 22. Enoch walked with God three hundred years. And ver. 24. and Enoch walked with God, and he was not, for God took him. Enquiry, p. 23. Which Enoch was a Prophet, and Jude 14. 15. Prophesied the Lords coming to execute Judgment upon all, and to convince all that were ungodly, Greek [...] all Corrupt, or all no Worshippers, thrice mentioned in the 15 ver.

'Tis true, those who do not Worship God, or do not Wor­ship him aright, are highly blameable; but the true Significati­on of the Greek word being from Alpha privative, and [...], to Worship: the word [...] does tell us who they were whom Enoch reproved, that is, such as did not Worship God at all, or not according to his appointments, and does imply, that Enoch did Worship God aright, or else how could Enoch con­vince others, if himself did not keep the Blessed and San­ctified Day; and whether the word in Jude 14. & 15. do not im­ply also that the rest of the then degenerated Posterity of Adam whom Enoch reproved, did neglect the Blessed Day, seems as I conceive, very probable.

And these are Evidences for the Seventh-day-Sabbath before the Flood.

At present I pass by Gen. 13. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10. Jashe­beth, because by the Points, it may be from the verb Jashab, he dwelt.

Evidences that after the Flood, the Sabbath was kept before the Law at Sinai.

Gen. 26. 2, 4. Enquiry p. 23. 24. the Lord appeares to Isaac, and promises, that in his seed all the nations of the earth should be blessed, ver. 5. Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. Blessing the Nations in his Seed, includes a promise of Christ upon Abra­ham's Obedience.

How Abraham came to know all the Commandments, Statutes, and Laws, I know not certainly.

It may be, they being implanted in Adam, who was created in Gods own Image, Gen. 1. 26, 27. were taught down along from Adam in gracious Families, from Father to Son, and so to Abraham.

And it may be also by special Revelation, but this is certain, that Abraham knew these, how else could he keep or obey them; and 'tis certain he obeyed the Lords voice, and kept his Com­mandments, and his Laws, and one eminent Voice and Law of God was, Gen. 2. 2, 3. and God blessed the seventh day, and Sanctifi­ed it.

And Abraham kept my Commandments, Gen. 26. 5. and in Ex­od. 16. 27, 28. how long refuse ye to keep my commandments; the same Hebrew word with that Gen. 26. 5. and the Command which Israel brake, Exod. 16. 27, 28. Was that some of them, [Page 11] upon the Seventh-day-Sabbath went out to gather Manna, which they ought not to have done; and so the Command which they brake, it seems was one of those which Abraham kept.

And Gen. 26. 5. Abraham kept my Laws; and in Exod. 16. 4. The Lord to Moses, I will rain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them whether they will walk in my Law, or no; and Exod. 16▪ 27, 28. when some brake the Sabbath, and went out to ga­ther Manna on the seventh Day, the Lord says to Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my laws: it is the same Hebrew word with that Gen. 26. 5. where the Lord says, Abraham kept his Laws; and the Doctor does neither offer nor pretend that Abra­ham brake the Sabbath.

Now if the Law broken by the Israelites, Exod. 16. 4, 28. were the Seventh-day-Sabbath, as it certainly was, then 'tis very likely one of the Laws of God kept by Abraham, Gen. 26. 5. tho the Sabbath be not particularly there named, was the Se­venth-day-Sabbath which the Israelites brake, Exod. 16. for we have the same Hebrew word for both, so that it does appear by Gen. 26. 5. That Abraham obeyed the Lords voice, and kept his commandments, and his laws; and I see no good colour to doubt it.

And he that says Abraham kept not the Sabbath, when God says Abraham kept his Commands and his Laws, may as well deny that Abraham kept any other of the Commands, or Laws of God; a Sixth is from Exod. 5. 5.

In Exod. 3. 18. the Lord to Moses, Say to the King of Egypt, the Lord God of the Hebrews hath met with us, and now let us go we be­seech thee, three days journey into the Wilderness that we may sacri­fice to the Lord our God, (which they could not freely do in Ae­gypt) Exod. 8. 26.

Now Horeb (as Geographers observe) was, without hinderan­ces, about three days Journey from Aegypt, concerning which Mountain, God foretold Moses, Exod. 3. 12. When thou hast brought forth the people out of Aegypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.

Upon which Mountain the Law for the Sabbath was reinfor­ced, Exod. 20. 8.

And in Exod. 4. 21, 23. The Lord to Moses, say unto Pharaoh, thus saith the Lord, Israel is my Son, and I say unto thee, let my Son go that he may serve me.

And Exod. 4. 29, 30, 31. When Aaron had spoken to the Is­raelites, all the words which the Lord had spoken to Moses the people believed, and when they heard that the Lord had visited the Children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their Affli­ction, then they bowed their Heads, and worshipped; and it were not hard to say, 'tis probable that Aarons preaching to them all the words the Lord had spoken, and their worshipping was upon the Sabbath day, as will further appear in Exod. 5. 4, 5, 8, 14, 17, 19.

In Exod. 5. 1. Moses and Aaron went in and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, let my people go that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness; and 'tis not over hard to imagine what that Feast was, which by comparing Exod. 14. where the Ae­gyptians were drowned, Exod. 15. 1, 22, 23. where is Moses's song and the murmuring at Morah, and Exod. 16. 1, 23. its likely was the Feast of the Sabbath.

Exod. 5. 2. Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord that I should obey his voice, to let Israel go; and ver. 3. Moses and Aaron said, the God of the Hebrews bath met with us, let us go, we pray thee, and sacrifice unto the Lord our God; and ver. 4. the King said unto them, Wherefore do ye Moses and Aaron let the people (or make them to cease) from their work, get you to your burdens; and Ex­od. 5. 5. Pharaoh said, behold the people of the land now are many, and you make them rest from their burdens.

You make them rest, Heb. Vehishbattem, which as I take it, is in the conjugation Hiphil, praeterit tense, second Person, plural number, from the root Shabath, he kept Sabbath, and signifies, and yemake them to keep sabbath from their burdens, the very same root in Gen. 2. 2. God sabatized, rested, or kept Sabbath on the se­venth Day from all his Work which he had made, and from the same root, Gen. 2. 3. and God blessed the seventh day and sancti­fied it: because that in it he had rested from all his work, which God created and made. So as Pharaoh charges Moses and Aaron as making the Israelites to cease from their Work, and as making of them to keep Sabbath from their Burdens.

And when the Word of God is so plain, and full, and certain, and that by the Mouth of Pharaoh, an enemy that Moses and A­aron did make the Israelites cease from their Work, ver. 4. and did make them keep Sabbath, ver. 5. For the Doctor to say against such a plain Word (beside what was said before of Abel, Abra­ham, &c.) as he does p. 7. And I think sometimes afterward to [Page 13] the like effect, that we have not the least mention of the Sab­bath from Gen. 2. 3. 'till after Israels coming out of Aegypt, may excuse my so long insisting on these Scriptures.

So we have here in Exod. 5. 5. express mention of the Israelites ceasing from their work, and keeping the Sabbath, and the Taskmasters exacting their daily Tasks every day, Exod. 5. 13, 14. shews this, which are evidences for keeping the Sabbath before they came out of Aegypt, and Exod. 5. 17. Pharaoh up­braids them as idle, therefore ye say, let us go to do Sacrifice to the Lord.

And the Sacrifices, though they were to be offered every day, yet as a Feast-day, were offered on the Sabbath. And Exod. 8. 1, 8, 25, 26, 27, 28. and Exod. 9. 1, 13. and Exod. 10. 3, 7, 8, 9, 11, 22, 24, 25. are agreeable to Exod. 3. & 4. & 5. and Exod. 12. 12, 13. After the Plague upon the first Born, Pharaoh to Moses and Aaron, rise up, get you forth, and go and serve the Lord, as ye have said, also take your Flocks, and your Heards, as ye have said, and be gone, and bless me also. And that excellent History does shew, how the Lord delivered his people out of Pharaoh's hand, and all his strugling to hinder the Service of God, and to debar them of the liberty to offer Spi­ritual Sacrifices unto him, did all contribute to make the Deli­verance more compleat, from that oppressing Bondage, sedate­ly to serve God, and keep his Sabbaths, as in Exod. 16. 23. where they had a Feast of Bread from Heaven. ver. 4. and I think ver. 13. of Quails also, besides their Flocks and Heards, Exod. 12. 12, 13.

Another proof that Moses and Aaron, and the Israelites had the knowledge of the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and did observe it, and that before the Law at Sainai, is from Exod. 16.

As to the Doctor's Opinion of a new Institution of another Sabbath, Exod. 15. 23, 25. at Marah.

I answer, that upon their murmuring there because the Wa­ters were bitter, which were there cured by a Tree which the Lord shewed Moses, he made a Statute and an Ordinance, and there he proved them, ver. 25. & 26. said, If thou wilt diligent­ly hearken to the voice of Jehovah thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee which I have brought upon the Aegyptians, for I am the Lord that healeth thee; which seems expresly the Statute and Ordinances before [Page 14] mentioned, which Statute and Ordinance confirms the Lords Commandments, and all his Statutes, but alters none of them; so that the conceit of a new Sabbath day here instituted without any word from God, is a meer conjecture by learned Mr. Chafie (as afterward) and what that Statute and Ordinance was, the Doctor says, p. 4. We cannot tell; which I think is enough to set aside all new Epocha here. And Exod. 15. 27. (from Marah) they came to Elim, where they encamped by other Wa­ters.

And Exod. 16. 1. They journyed from Elim to the Wilderness of Sin, and there they murmured again for want of Bread, and Exod. 16. 2, 3. the Lord to Moses, I will rain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out, and gather a certain rate every day, ver. 4. And the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. ver. 5.

And at even the quails came up, ver. 13.

And every man gathered the Manna every morning, ver. 4. 21. which was every Day of the Week except the seventh Day, ver. 22.

So the Lord there reckons the days, the sixth Day and the seventh Day after the same manner as at the first, Gen. 1. and Gen. 2.

And this as it seems was not at Elim nor at Marah (but at a­nother place and time) viz. in the Wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Synai, Exod. 16. 1. But that the Lord there altered the way of numbring the days, or instituted a new Sabbath day, no such thing is there that I can find; but reck­ons the sixth and seventh days (which supposes the 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, to make up the Week) in the same manner as Gen. 1. and Gen. 2. to which seventh Day (as Exod. 5. 5.) the Israe­lites in Aegypt were no strangers.

And the Sabbath, ver. 23. is here called the Holy Sabbath, that is, the Sabbath hallowed or sanctified by the Lord, Gen. 2. 3. and the Sabbath is four times called the seventh Day, from ver. 26. to 30. But not a word of altering the Seventh-day-Sabbath as Mr. Chafie p. 31. nor any new Epocha, as the Doctor p. 10. And so the seventh Day was not forgotten, but well known to them, and yet the Doctor p. 10. tells us, That as to the sabbath observed from the Creation to this first raining of Manna, that there is six to one that it is not the same, so that was uncertain also.

Nor do I see any reason why a new Epocha from Exod. 16. 23, 30. should be imagined, unless it be, because it is so plain a proof of the Israelites observing the Seventh-day-Sabbath be­fore the Law at Sinai, in obedience to the Law, Gen. 2. 23. which answers so much of learned Mr. Chafie's and of the Doctor's Books.

And if there were no new Epocha in Exod. 16. then it seems agreed that the seventh Day was never altered till the coming of Christ.

And the fourth Command, Exod. 20. 8, 11. I think puts this out of doubt.

Remember the seventh day to keey it holy, six days shalt thou labour, but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God, ver. 9. 10. that is, the seventh Day is the Lords Day, For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and rested the seventh day, and blessed the sabbath, and made it holy.

Does any fancy that the Sabbath-day here is meant A Sabbath­day? or that the seventh-day is meant only A seventh-day, and so that another Day of the Week is intended, and will answer the letter of the fourth Command as well as the seventh-day? I answer, (beside what is said in the Enquiry) That such meaning of the fourth Command, I think is no where found in any Book before the time of Christ, nor during his Life, for such a sense would have gratified the Jews, to object against Christ, nor is it found whilst any of the Apostles lived, nor I think in many hundreds of years after all their deaths.

Does any doubt which is the Sabbath-day he is to remember to keep holy?

Does any doubt which is the Sabbath-day which the Lord Blessed?

Or, Does any doubt which is the Day of the Week the Lord made Holy?

The Answer is here express.

The seventh-day is the Sabbath which the Lord blessed and made holy, which we are to remember to keep holy.

Does any doubt whether the order of the Days of the Week, settled Gen. 1. and Gen. 2. was altered?

The answer is here plain, For in six days the Lord made hea­ven and earth, and rested the seventh day, which does refer to, and (seem to me) directly to confirm the days, and their names, of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. appointed in Gen. 1. and Gen. 2. together with the time when they begin and end; and so I think we are thus far safe, that from Gen. 2. to Exod. 20. there was no new Epocha of days, nor any manner of uncertainty, which was the seventh-day; there was no intermission of the days by chance, nor the Day forgotten or neglected, as the Doctor p. 61. nor as I think any manner of doubt when the days did begin and end.

This seems to me so plain, as I had said nothing thereof, if I had not found the Doctor insist much, as if there had passed some alteration of days, and afterwards as if the Days began at Midnight, and as if I had nothing but Tradition, whereby to guess which is the seventh-day from the Creation, to Exod. 20. for which we have before so many highly probable, and other certain Scripture Proofs, and for which the fourth Com­mand alone is proof enough, being declarative of what was blessed and hallowed before in Gen. 2. and is here in Exod. 20. explained and confirmed.

The Oracles of God were committed to the Israelites, Rom. 3. 2. to them was committed the keeping the Old Testment, and therein the Moral Law, and therein the fourth Command, and therein the seventh-day, and the Laws given at Sinai, are said to be true Laws, and good Commandments (and so they certainly were and are both true and good) and the Lord made known unto them his holy Sabbaths, Nehe. 9. 13, 15. and if they were made known to them, then they knew his holy Sab­baths, and if they knew them, as they did, then his Sabbaths were not altered.

And whether other Nations did measure their time by Weeks p. 5. See Mr. Chafie, chap. 13. p. 45. chap. 14. p. 49. I think expresly for it.

And to argue from Abel, Enoch, Noah, and Abraham, with such high Characters as the Lord gives them in his word, and of Abraham as keeping his Laws and his Commandments, are as I think strong arguments to prove the matter of fact, and suffici­ently expressed that they kept the Sabbath, which is one of the Commandments, tho the Doctor p. 7. thinks them weak.

And from their Practice, and the Scriptures before cited, I think we have a certainty thereof, whereof the Doctor p. 8. says, We have scarce a Conjecture, which seem hard Words against one, and yet harder against so many Scriptures.

And tho' I am willing to thank the Doctor for what he would give me to begin the Week on Monday, p. 9. (that so his Sunday may be the Seventh-day) yet I do not think any Mans Authori­ty so great as to alter the way of numbring the Days which God hath settled, or to controul, or alter the Day God has Blessed, and I am content with Gods Allowance and Command therein.

What is offered about the Paschal Lamb, and Passover, and Circumcision, p. 11. being sometimes intermitted, I think does confirm the Seventh-day, and not hurt it, for that when the Is­raelites returned to those appointments they kept them again.

And if it be true (which p. 13. the Doctor thinks without doubt, and certain) that we do not know which is the Seventh­day, in a continual Circulation from the Creation, then all the Doctors Arguments before and afterwards for the First day, are here as it seems without doubt, and certainly answered by him­self; for if we do not know which is the Seventh day, we can­not know which is the First day, and so cannot possibly keep a Day which we know not; and somewhat like this he offers p. 1. Nor do I see how the Doctor or any other Person can be long held to think as they seem to do.

And p. 1. He thinks it impossible for him to know the First day, and p. 14. Impossible for any Man to know the Seventh day, which are also directly against him.

And p. 16. he says, We have no particular Command in another Case, which I think we have, and not only a practice, most likely to be Gods Will, p. 17. But that not being now in questi­on, I pass it by.

And as to what he there says for the change of the Seventh to the First day, that I would think so also if I were not other­wise prepossed with Prejudice, and with a great fondness to find out somewhat wherewith to find fault.

I Reply, that I doubt we have many great Faults not hard to be found, and I commend to the Doctor Rev. 3. 17. But I know nothing of Prejudice or Fondness, corrupt Nature and human Frailties, by Grace disallowed in this, and all Cases ex­cepted, as he surmises; but whensoever I find in the Scriptures [Page 18] any Truth which would correct my Conversation, and make it agreeable to Gods Will, after due seach and consideration ho­nestly and conscientiously to comply with it, as other Christians do or ought; and this question has been considered by me now near twenty six Years.

And if such Truth, according to the best of that Knowledge God hath graciously given concern others also, then to com­municate it, and if it be a Truth, which can be by me no other way opened to them, then to do it in this sort, as I weak­ly can, and I shall be heartily glad the Doctor or any other would do it much better, as he is very well able.

And if we are not to hide our selves from our Brother's Ox, or his Sheep when we see them go astray, Deut. 22. 1, 2, 3, 4.

And if we are obliged when others, especially our Brethren, err in Judgment or Practice to reprove them, How much more are we bound when we see many erring in a moral Duty, to endeavour to set them right?

And to surmise upon him that he writes those Reflections, and many others, to prepossess and prejudice Readers I am loath to do.

Nor had I made this Vindication if I had not been compelled by the Doctor's Charge.

And as to the Israelites keeping the true Seventh-day-Sabbath commanded Exod. 20. from thence to the Incarnation of our Lord, I do not remember the Doctor to deny it; for which I think there is enough said in the Enquiry, p. 26. 27, 28. and much more might be added if need were; and I am unwilling to write again the same things, altho' by repeating the same Ob­jections, and reinforcing the old with new Words; I am some­time constrained so to do.

And in general I say, that as far as I can judge, there is e­nough said in the Enquiry to prove that (not A, but) The Sabbath Instituted Gen. 2. and Repeated Exod. 20. and observed from thence to Christs coming, and (with every tittle of the rest of the Moral Law) confirmed, and made perpetual by Christ in Matth. 5. 17, 18, 19. and Luke 16. 14, 17. who cer­tainly knew the true Sabbath day, binds all men, till the Hea­ven and Earth pass away, which is not yet.

And (not A Seventh day, but) The Seventh day there esta­blished, and made perpetual, was observed by Christ, during his Life, for so was his custom, Luke 4. 16, to 21. Enquiry, p. 38. 39, 41, 42, 43, 45. and was observed by Believers after his Death, Resurrection, and Ascension; so was Paul's custom, Acts 17. 2. which was never altered by the Word that I know.

Which confirming and making the Law perpetual, and every Jot and Tittle of it by Christ, who was and is Jehovah, does also fully prove (as I think) that (not A, but) the Seventh-day-Sabbath was neither altered, nor changed, nor forgotten, nor any way uncertain to Christs time, neither as to the day, nor as to the beginning or ending of it, and that the Seventh day is the Lords Day.

This being premised, let us consider what the Doctor further offers for the First, or against the Seventh day; p. 17. 18. he tells us, That Christ on the day of his resurrection, did not only ap­pear to the good Women at the Sepulchre, and declare to them the Re­surrection, but also the same day himself declares it to two of them going to Emmaus, Luke 24. 27, 32. and did expound to them in all the Scriptures, the things concerning himself, and did open to them the the Scriptures, and did (as he takes it) celebrate the Lords Supper, implyed in the words, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them, ver. 30, &c.

'Tis true, Christ after the Resurrection, appeared to Mary Magdalen, and to the other Mary, Matth. 28. 1. 9.

And the Angel said to them, v. 5. and Mark 16. 5, 6. He is not here but is risen, go tell his disciplees that he is risen from the dead, which they did, but the Disciples believed them not.

Now 'tis certain, as 'tis agreed, that Christ rose the Third day, which Third day was the First day of the Week; and that the Angel Matth. 28. 5. (and two Angels Luke 24. 4. and John 20. & 12.) said to the Women, that Christ was risen, and the wo­men told it to the Disciples, yet the Disciples would not believe them; and we have Christ appearing to two Disciples as they travelled into the Country, Mark. 16. 12. And they went and told it to the rest of the Disciples, but they believed not them, Verse the 13.

And Christ's appearing to the Women, was a practical proving of the Resurrection.

Some think the two Disciples, Mark 16. 12. to be the two Dis­ciples traveling to Emmaus, Luke 24. 13. which is very likely, and that Peter from Luke 24. 34. and 1 Cor. 15. 5. was one of them. But 'tis certain they were two Disciples, and yet the rest would not believe them, Mark 16. 13.

And their Discourse upon the way as they travelled together, Luke 24. 13. was such as the Doctor mentions, and Christ there reproved them for not believing what the Prophets had spoken, v. 25. That Christ ought to suffer, but did not reprove them that we read, for travelling on that day.

And 'tis likely the Breaking and Blessing of Bread, ver. 30. might be (for ought I know) the Sacrament of the Supper, and implied.

But still the Journey from Jerusalem to Emmaus, and back a­gain was a travelling Journey, being near fifteen Miles, and more then a Sabbath days Journey, as the Doctor agrees; and I do not see how he can make that Journey consist with the keeping that First day as a Sabbath, whereof there is there, or before no Institution, nor any Mention, but rather the direct contrary; their travelling upon that First day of the Week (without any reproof from Christ) as upon any other of the Six days, seems directly against the Doctor.

And whether our Lord did then travel without pain (as the Dr.) is not written; he had then the Wounds in his Body, and at his appearing afterward to the Disciples, and Thomas, John 20. 25, 27. Luke 24. 29. and yet might be without pain, for ought I know, but surely the two Disciples travelled as others do.

And although the Disciples were eminently Holy, yet because not written, I do not know what they were then imployed a­bout at Jerusalem, (unless it were mourning and weeping, Mark 16. 10.) (where they were assembled for fear of the Jews, John 20. 19.) before or after the report of the Women, whom they did not credit.

And p. 19. I think the Doctor agrees the meeting of the Dis­ciples there providential, and not upon a Sabbath account, for 'twas for fear of the Jews.

And Christs appearing to the Eleven as they sat at Meat, Mark 16. 14. agrees therewith, it was as they sat at Meat.

And to what he offers p. 19. from Luke 24. 36. & 42. and John 20. 19. our Lords appearing to the Disciples at Jerusalem, and saying, peace be unto you. So Mark 16. 14, 15, 16. I answer, this Salutation of Peace be unto you, or such like, is frequent in the Scriptures, and must be strangely and strongly forced to speak any thing of instituting the First day.

The Resurrection was and is a great Truth, and necessary to be known and assured, and yet the Disciples were unbelieving of it, notwithstanding all that Christ told them before his Death, Mark 9. 31. That he should be delivered into the hands of Men, and be killed, and after that rise the third day, as Mark 10. 33, 34. Luke 24. 7, &c.

And his Resurrection was proved to them by several Wit­nesses, Luke 24. 10. whose words seemed to them as Idle tales, v. 11. and the Lord himself upbraides them for their hardness of heart, because they believed not them who had seen him af­ter he was risen, Mark 16. 14. So it became necessary (if I may so say) for the Lord to give full and undeniable Evidence of the Truth of his Resurrection, by his Personal appearing to the Eleven upon the very day thereof, as he did, as they sat at Meat, Mark 16. 14. that there might be no room left for any doubt of his being actually risen from the Dead. A Truth upon which the whole Doctrine of the Gospel did, and does eminent­ly depend; and this I think is a fair account of our Lords appear­ing to the Disciples at Jerusalem.

But that this did alter the Seventh, or appoint the First day for a Sabbath, I find not, but seems all dark Conjecture, with­out any warrant from the Scriptures.

And yet the Doctor p. 20. says, all which being put together, seems to him very like the Celebration (if not the Consecration) of a Christian Sabbath, or day of Holy Rest, and Religious Service.

I fully acknowledge, that all that was spoken by our Lord, as well before as after his Resurrection, was Spiritual and Heaven­ly, upon all the Sabbaths he kept as his Custom was, and at all other times before and after his Resurrection, but yet, that that which the Doctor allows, as it seems to me, as providential, and not upon a Sabbatical account should alter the Seventh day, or institute the First, I see not.

And we do not read the Lord blaming his Disciples for resting upon the Sabbath day, or for travelling upon the First, but for their not believing his Resurrection.

So as the Seventh-day-Sabbath (by all the Doctor has yet offer­ed) seems not hurt.

From John 20. 26. After eight days Christ appeared to the Disci­ples, and Thomas with them.

Christ had appeared to the Eleven Disciples at Evening upon the day of his Resurrection, as they sat at Meat, Mark 16. 14. which was the First day of the Week, John 20. 19. when they were assembled for fear of the Jews, but Thomas not being there John 20. 24. would not believe, unless he should thrust his hand into his side, ver. 25.

And after eight days, Christ appeared to the disciples, and Thomas with them, John 20. 26. and saith to Thomas, reach hither thy hand, and thrist it into my side, and be not faithless, but believing, ver. 27. which was an admirable Condescension of our Lord to cure his, and all others unbelief.

Those Words after eight Days, the Doctor thinks was that day seven-night, &c. The Cavil, for so the Doctor calls it, he says, is so weak, that he is sorry to see it, p. 20. And then takes great pains to prove, That after eight days (as we commonly speak in English, on that day seven-night) is the next First day after the Resurrection.

I have perused the Enquiry, p. 50. 51. that after eight days is not that day seven-night. and I neither discern it to be a Cavil, nor so weak as the Doctor represents it; but that after eight days may be, as it seems to me, the second or third day seven-night after the Resurrection.

In Matth. 26. 2, 6, 14, 16, 17. after two days was the passover, seems to be meant, after two days exclusively, (i. e.) excluding the day on which that was said.

Rev. 11. 11. After three days and an half, about the two witnes­ses, the spirit of life from God entred into them, and they stood upon their feet, is understood as I think, with Reason, after not two, but three Days, or Years, and an half expired, God will revive them, and restore them to his Service, and 'tis same Greek word for, after, here, as John 20. 26. So after eight days, may not include the day wherein 'twas spoken, and so may be the se­cond or third day seven-night after.

And I do not know that ever I heard, much less do we com­monly so speak, that after eight days is that day seven-night af­ter, or that after eight days, does include the day wherein it is so said for one of the eighth days, and if it did include it, [Page 23] yet after eighth seems to be the ninth, and that in John 20. 26. was also spoken in the Evening, (i. e.) near the end of that day.

As for what the Doctor offers, that after eight days must be that day seven night, because Christs rising the third day, is said in Mark 8. 31. to be after three days.

I say the Crucifixion was upon the sixth day, the Resurrecti­on upon the first Day of the next Week, which does explain what is meant by after three days, Mark 8. 31. that is, after part of the Sixth day, the whole seventh Day, and part of the First day.

Now, when after three days, is so explained in divers Scriptures to be the third day, it may not follow, that after eight Days, which is no where that I know, so explained, must include the Day spoken in, and exclude the day after the Eighth.

And that the Resurrection was upon the third day, I think there is enough offered in the Enquiry, see Matth, 6. 21, & 17. 23, & 20. 19, & 27. 64. Mark 9. 31. & 10. 34. The words of our Lord, The Son of Man shall rise again the third day, Luke 9. 22, & 13. 32, & 18. 33, & 24. 7, & 21. 46. 1 Cor. 15. 4. He rose again the third day, so as the Resurrection was on the third Day, and the words, after three Days, are fully explained to be the third Day, or in, on, or upon the third Day, and the first of these three Days is expresly included.

And [...], after, sometimes signifies, in, and Mark 8. 31. ren­dred in three Days, answers that Objection, and the Enemies Matth. 27. 64. desired Pilate that the Sepulchre might be secu­red untill the third Day, that is, till the third Day is come, not till after the third Day is past, and so the Enemies understood the Resurrection would be in or on the third Day, and all Scholars know that.

Greek Prepositions and Particles, are often variously ren­dered, as the reason of the place where they are used does re­quire.

And if this place in Mark 8. 31. be so rendered in three Days, (i. e.) after the third Day is come, that agrees with all the above cited Scriptures, for his rising the third Day, and so Grotius and Beza, and other Annotators on Mark 8. 31.

And there is this difference as before, that after eight days is no where explained to be the eighth day, including the first of the eight, or excluding the day after the eighth, nor explained by, in eight days, as after three days, in Mark 8. 31. is expresly explained by many Scriptures to be the third day, (and as a­bove in three days (i. e.) till the third day).

What is offered p. 22. from Luke 1. 59. on the eighth day they came to Circumcise John, was according to the Institution, Gen. 17. 12. He that is eight days old shall be circumcised, which In­stitution does actually include the day of Birth, for that the day of Birth is one day, and seven days more do accomplish eight days, Luke 2. 21. but 'tis no where said of that (that I know) that 'twas after eight days that they were to be Circumci­sed.

But if after eight days did include the first of the eight days, and did exclude the day after the eighth day, yet here is no a­brogating the Seventh-day-Sabbath, nor any instituting the first day, not any word to any such purpose; but this seems an oc­casion taken by our Lord (after eight days after his Resurrecti­on) when Thomas was with the rest of the Disciples who was not present at Christs first appearing to them, to cure his unbe­lief, and to confirm the Faith of the rest of the Disciples, and of all others, in these two great Doctrines, one of the Deity of Christ, whom Thomas there openly and expresly owns to be the Lord his God, My Lord, and my God, John 20. 28, 29.

The other of the Resurrection of Christ, which till then Thomas said, he would not believe, John 20. 24, 25. In which two great Doctrines the rest of the Disciples were before confirmed, as in the Enquiry.

From p. 23. to p. 28. the Doctor would make the day begin at mid-night, and to end at mid-night, according to the Roman account, and that to be the Evening and the Morning, Gen. 15. and from mid-night to mid-night to be the day.

And though I am not willing to contend about terms, what is the Natural, and what the Artificial day, yet I may not ad­mit the Days of the Week to be any other than what God first fixed in the Scriptures, that is the Evening, and the Morning. 'Tis true, the Day as distinguished from the Night begins in the Morning, and ends in the Evening; and the Night, or Dark­ness, as distinguished from Day, begins in the Evening, and ends [Page 25] in the Morning, but the whole day consisted of Evening and Morning, that is, of Night and Day; and we find Gen. 1. 3. that when Light was Created, Let there be light. Ver. 4. God di­vided the light from the darkness. Ver. 5. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night: and the evening and the morn­ing were the first day: And so the Light was the Day, and Dark­ness the Night, as distinguished from one another; but one Day, or the First Day of the Week, consisted of Evening and Morning, that is, of Darkness and Light, which was the First day. And so Ver. 8. the evening and the morning were the se­cond day; and ver. 13. the evening and the morning were the third Day; and ver. 19. the evening and the morning were the fourth Day; and ver. 23. the evening and the morning were the fifth Day; and ver. 31. the evening and the morning were the sixth Day; and the seventh day God rested, or Sabbatized, Gen. 2. 2, 3. where Seventh day is thrice mentioned, And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it, or made it Holy: which making it Holy, I think, resolves the main Question, which Days of the Week, consisting of Evening and Morning, that is, of Darkness and Light, and so beginning in the Evening, and ending the Evening after, is there appointed and fixed, and material and plain, and may not be altered. And our manner of reckoning of days here, I think is not in question now between us.

P. 22. He takes notice about what time, Mary Magdalen came to the Sepulchre, on the day of Christs Resurrection.

And upon Luke 23. 55, 56. When they beheld the Sepulchre, and how the Body was laid, the Doctor says, that was on the sixth day at night, (which (night) I cannot find in the word that it was at Night) and they returned, and prepared Spices and Ointments, and rested the Sabbath day according to the Commandment; which is true, that they returned, prepared Spices, rested, and kept the Sabbath, which was not A, but the Seventh-day-Sabbath after the Death of Christ, whilst his Body was in the Grave, and he in Paradice (i. e.) in Heaven. But I know no word for that, that Christ was buried in the Night, but towards the end of the sixth Day, and if it were not at Night, the Doctor ought not so to write.

And from Luke 24. 1. Matth. 28. 1. Mark 16. 1. John 20. 1. The Doctor would observe, p. 23. that the Sabbath according to their Account, did not end till towards the Morning of the next day, but it being not said in either of those places or else­where, that I find in the word, that the Sabbath did not end till towards the Morning, but that Christ was risen when the Sabbath was past, Mark 16. 1. Early in the morning of the first day, ver. 2. This proves against him, as I think, that the Sab­bath was ended before, viz. the Evening before.

And yet the Doctor says it is manifest, that at this time, as well the Sabbath as other days, were by them reckoned not from Evening to Evening, but rather according to the Roman account, from mid-night to mid-night.

And to prove it, says, it was sometime after the ninth hour ((i. e.) our three a Clock in the Afternoon) that Christ gave up the Spirit, Mark 15. 34, 37. and later, when they brake the Thieves Legs; and later, when Joseph begged his Body, took it and bu­ried it, by which he would prolong the time to run it up into the Night, for which Night we find no Word, and for which I see no Reason, nor know any other to whom his sence of this prolonged time is manifest, the general sence of Learned Cri­stians being as I think against him. All those things being well consistent before the Sabbath drew on, and our Lords giving up the Spirit, the begging of his Body, taking it and burying it, in a Tomb prepared, might all be in a very little time, for John 19. 42. The sepulchre was nigh at hand, which surely was so little time as to be all finished upon the Sixth day, before the Sabbath drew on, Luke 23. 54, 55, 56. And for the Women to prepare Spices and Ointments the same Sixth day, and all before the Sun set.

And this way of the Doctor's reasoning, if it would hold, which I think it will not, would break in upon the Sabbath, upon which the Women rested according to the Command­ment, Luke 23. 56, &c. and would leave a doubt, whether the Sixth day were one of the Three days, unless men believe as the Doctor, that the days begin at mid-night; see Mr. Shepherd's Tract on this Subject.

The general opinion I think is right in this, that the reckon­ing of days in the time of the Old Testament was from Even­ing to Evening, which reckoning I find not yet altered in the [Page 27] Word; but the Romans, who were then Heathens, did reckon days from mid-night to mid-night.

And p. 24. how long the First day lasted is built on a Foun­dation, as if the day began at mid-night.

And p. 25. he says, We reasonably suppose from Luke 24. 29, 30, 35. that the two Disciples from Emmaus came pretty late at night to Jerusalem.

Which is but supposed, not in the Word, which Word is the Wisdom of God, and the highest Reason.

Ver. 29. They said to Christ, abide with us, for it is towards evening, and the day is far spent, which might, and surely did leave time enough for them to return to Jerusalem that day, for Luke 24. 33. They rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, which intimates their haste in returning to Jerusalem.

And 'twas the same Day of the Resurrection, that is, the First Day of the Week, at Evening, that our Lord appeared to the Disciples at Jerusalem, John 20. 19. as they sat at Meat, when the Doors were shut where the Disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, upon the First day at Evening, and John 19. 40, 41, 42. The Body of Jesus was laid in a Garden, be­cause of the Jews Preparation day, for the Sepulchre was nigh at hand, and so no need of much time to bury him, all was easie to be finished before the Sabbath began, to which the Sixth day was a Preparation day, which proves it to be the day before the Sabbath; yet the Doctor thinks it was about mid-night, and then infers as manifest, that the Jews and four Evangelists did reckon their days from mid-night to mid-night, and there adds, if they did not so reckon, Christ could not be said, Matth. 12. 40. to be three Days and three Nights in the heart of the Earth, which I take it, is not well said, for to make a doubt of the three Days in the Grave, unless we believe it ma­nifest, that the Jews and four Evangelists did reckon their days from mid-night to mid-night, seems very blamable.

The Doctor thinks p. 26. the days in the time of the Old Te­stament, reckoned from mid-night to mid-night; and from Exod. 12. 6, 14, 15, 16. about the Passover that Evening v. 6. (or as in the Margent, between the two Evenings) is at mid-night, and that as soon as mid-night is past, Morning began, and says the ac­count thereof, is so fair, as we need not scruple to embrace it.

And he thinks from the first born of Egypt being slain at mid­night, that, the midnight began the next day after the Passover, then which he thinks nothing can be more clear, and p. 28. takes it to be very plain from what he has said, That at the time of Christs Death and Resurrection, the days were counted from mid­night to mid-night, which matters which he thinks plain, clear, and manifest, I think are mistaken by him.

What was offered from Gen. 1. 5. the Evening and the Morn­ing were the First day, the Doctor thinks is easily answered, and renders it as in the Hebrew, and the Evening was, and the Morning was, one day (i. e.) says he, there was in the First day, and so in the rest, Evening and Morning, or Darkness and Light, which is so far true; and says, Darkness is put first, because (be­ginning the Day from mid-night) the Dark is before the Light; but if it were so, which I think is not, then the Darkness would be after the Light, viz. till mid-night after, and would put Night and Day in Confusion.

To which I further say, as he, by day one, or one day, Gen. 1. 5. is there meant the First day; and so I think in the New-Testament, by [...], one day is generally meant the first day, and the first day is certainly meant, as to the day of Christs resur­rection.

But that the Evening in Gen. 1. 5. began at midnight, is con­trary to the current of learned men (Doctor p. 26.) and contra­ry to Mr. Chafie, and contrary to the Hebrews, who best knew the meaning of the Books of Moses, and I think contrary to the Scriptures throughout, which begin the Evening when the Sun does set, Mark 1. 32. whereof more by and by.

And as to the Evenings, Exod. 12. 6. it seems to me, that one, or the First Evening, was the Evening, which (after the Sun created) began the days (i. e.) when the Sun did set, and the other Evening was about the time of the daily and weekly Sacrifices, which ordinarily, I think, was about their ninth Hour, (i. e.) our three a Clock in the Afternoon, which Acts 3. 1. is called the ninth Hour, the Hour of Prayer, when Peter and John went to the Temple.

So Cornelius in a Vision, saw an Angel about the ninth Hour, Acts 10, 3. And the ninth Hour, that is, our three a Clock in the Afternoon, was about the Hour of our Saviours being made a Sacrifice for his People, Matth. 27. 46. Mark 15. 34.

Or that other Evening might be, 1 Kings 18. 29, 36. when Mid-day was past.

And (betwixt the two Evenings, Exod. 12. 6.) is understood by many, to be betwixt the declining of the Sun after Noon, and the setting of the Sun, which may well be; but the first Evening began at Sun set, and belonged to the Day of the Week, which Days of the Week consisted of Evening and Morning, as before.

Their Morning-Worship seems to have been about our nine a Clock in the Morning, which I think was their third Hour, Acts 2. 4, 15. at which Hour the Holy Spirit was poured out.

But the Evening of the Days of the Week after the Sun cre­ated, I think began at, or about Sun set, and comprehended from Sun setting to Sun rising, and the Morning, from Sun rising to Sun set, which Evening and Morning made up every day of the Week then, and ever since as before.

And yet the Doctor p. 25. thinks, that both the Jews and four Evangelists did reckon their days from mid-night to mid­night.

And the Paschal Lamb, Exod. 12. 3, 6. which was to be killed the Fourteenth day of the first Month, between the two Evenings, Exod. 12. 2, 6. (whether the Evening wherein they were to kill it began at our three a clock in the Afternoon, or presently after Noon) gave them time enough to kill it and dress it, without running up the time to mid-night.

'Tis true, The Lord smote the first born of Aegypt at mid-night, ver. 29. and why it was at mid-night I know not, but (if we may so humbly say) it might be (inter alia) for greater terror to Aegypt.

Which mid-night there, did not that we find, alter the insti­tution of the Passover, much less did that smiting the Aegyptians alter the Days of the Week; and so our Lord observed the Pas­sover before his Passion with his Disciples the Fourteenth Day of the first Month at Even, Matth. 26. 20. Mark. 14. 17. Luke 22. 7, 14.

And we read, at Even there was upon the Tabernacle, as it were, the appearance of Fire, untill the Morning, and so, it was alway, and so the Evening did not here begin at mid-night, but as it began to be dark, Numb. 6. 9, 15, 16, 21. that is, when the Sun did set.

Which Fire gave Light when it was Dark, that is, from the Evening till the Morning.

And that the Evening does begin, not at mid-night, but at Sun set, we have many places in the Old and New-Testament, Deut. 23. 11. When the Evening cometh on, is, when the Sun is down; they are the words of Moses, who wrote Genesis and Deuteronomy.

And Josh. 10. 26, 27. The five Kings were hanged on five trees until the evening, and at the time of the going down of the sun, they took them down by Joshua's command; so as the Evening was the time of the Suns going down in Moses and Joshua's time.

In Prov. 7. 9. the Evening is called the Twilight, in the Twi­light in the Evening of the Day, and the Twilight begins when the Sun sets.

Jer. 6. 4. The day goeth away, for the shadows of the evening are stretched out; now when the Sun sets the Earth begins to be sha­dowed, and then the former day goeth away.

Mark 1. 32. And at even when the sun did set, they brought to him all that were diseased, or the Evening being come when the Sun had set, which makes it as plain as words can well express it, that the Evening began not at mid-night, but when the Sun did set, and that when Mark wrote his Gospel.

So Mark 13. 35. The Words of Christ, Watch, for ye know not when the master cometh, at even, or at mid-night, (or at cock­crowing, or in the morning) so the Even was one time, and mid­night another, so the Evening did not begin at mid-night, and yet the Doctor thinks it manifest, and that we need not scru­ple to embrace it, then which he thinks nothing can be more clear, whereas it seems very plain by the Scriptures, that every day begins in the Evening, that is, when the Sun sets.

And if it be so as above, then all which the Doctor says for mid-night-day, and all he builds thereon fails, which may con­firm us that the Crucifying of Christ was on the Sixth day of the Week, about our three a Clock in the Afternoon, and that the Resurrection was upon the First day of the Week in the Morning; and yet the Doctor p. 28. thinks it to be very plain, that at the time of Christs Death and Resurrection, the Day began at mid-night, and did continue till mid-night.

And in p. 28. says, We have now found our Saviours Example as to the two first Sundays from his Resurrection; if at least their First day of the Week be our Sunday, for the uncertainty of the days, which is the First, and which is the Seventh day he still holds, as before, as I think, against himself, for if our Sunday be not the First day, why does he plead for it?

By which, frequent reserve of the uncertainty which is the First day of the Week, if the Doctor does mean to rebuild the First day (as the Romanists, and some few others) upon the authori­ty of the Church, or of the Civil Magistrate, it seems fair to tell us so, for if it be uncertain what day of the Week the First day is, I cannot see any Foundation in the Word, or common Reason for observing an uncertain weekly Day, and if it be un­certain, then it is certainly gone.

As to our Saviours Example which the Doctor has found, as to one of those two First Sundays, it is an Example of our Sa­viours, and two of his Disciples travelling on Sunday, which Example I may allow him, without any hurt or danger to the main question.

And his other Example, about, after Eight days, which he has found, has been answered, as I think before.

And these two Sundays, are all that the Doctor finds as Ex­amples by Christ, for altering the Sabbath from the Seventh to the First day, of which altering we find not one word in ei­ther.

He says nothing of any Word or Example of Christ before his Death, for such alteration, for he knows our Saviours man­ner was to keep the Sabbath during his Life.

Nor says he, that I remember, any thing of the Thief, his being with Christ in Paradice the same day of his Crucifixion, Luke 23. 42, 43.

Then p. 29. he says, We have clear Evidence of a like Practice, Acts 20. 7. And so leaps over all about Paul, and others keeping the Sabbath, that is in the former Chapters of the Acts of the Apostles, which I shall have occasion to remember him of.

From which Acts 20. 7. he renders dielegeto, holding forth, and this rendring holding forth, the Doctor does twice, page 29.

In the Enquiry, p. 55▪ in answer to the Objection from Acts 20. 7. where Paul Preached to the Disciples, I take notice, that the Greek Word there rendred Preached, is in Acts 17. 2. ren­dred Reasoned, where Paul, as his manner was, Preached to them three Sabbath-days; and so the same Greek word with that in Acts 20. 7. is rendred Reasoned in Acts 18. 4. where Paul Preach­ed in the Synagogue every Sabbath, to Jews and Gentiles, this little notice I take of the same Greek word in these three places of Acts 20. 7. Acts 18. 4▪ and Acts 17. 2. rendred Preached, Acts 20. 7. but rendred Reasoned, Acts 18. 4. and Acts 17. 2. Though it be the same Greek word which I think of some use to shew that Paul preached Christ every Sabbath, the Doctor seems to take offence at, and gives leave to render it, Paul did hold forth, and instead of, he continued his Speech, that he held on his holding forth, till mid-night, which Expression of holding forth has been much abused in this Age by some Men, against emi­nently Holy and Learned Non▪ conforming Ministers, when they have been accused as Malefactors for Preaching the Gospel, to scorn, reproach, and despise them as holders forth, &c. And the Expression of Holding forth being taken in an ill and de­spightful sence by some, who so use it.

I think the Doctor might have spared to put it upon Paul, who in his Preaching Christ, was then a Non-conformist Mini­ster, and Preacher.

And it seems, if it were not written incautelously to be high­ly blamable.

In which Expressions of Holding forth, with others after­ward, which refer to Spiritual Praying and Praising, as this does to Preaching the Gospel. The Doctor goes in bad com­pany, and I doubt, highly gratifies them, whilst he writes so a­greeably to their Language.

Which words of the Doctor, however written with some seeming softness, are a very ill Bleat if they were meant, which I hope they were not, as they are▪ commonly understood by all good and bad Men that I know.

And in further Reply to the Doctor's from Acts 20. 7. I refer to what is in the Enquiry, p. 55. 56, 57, 58.

And admitting that (one) there is one day, and that one day the First day of the Week, and that the Disciples there came to gether to break Bread, and admitting that breaking of Bread was the Lords Supper, and the Assembly there to be a Christian [Page 33] Assembly as it was, yet supposing the day as before, does not begin at mid-night, but in the Evening, as I think it certainly doth; and supposing Paul as his manner was Acts 17. 2. (as be­fore) preached on the Sabbath, every Sabbath, Acts 18. 4. Acts 16. 30. and that to Jews and Gentiles, Acts 13. 14, 42, &c. which cannot be denied; and supposing that what we have in the Prophets reproving Israel for prophaning, or polluting (as Esai. 56. 2, 4, 6. Esai. 58. 13, &c.) the Sabbath, or any part thereof, to be generally expressed by their refusing to keep the Sabbath, and supposing what we have in the New-Testament about our Lords custom of keeping the Sabbath to be briefly expressed, (by his going into the Synagogue on the Sabbath, and as preaching) does comprehend, and include all the rest that was requisite to the perfect keeping the Sabbath, as it cer­tainly did, or else we should have read it there objected against him, which we do not find; and supposing the like of the A­postles in their measure in the Acts, &c. about their keeping Sabbath, I think any Man may reasonably suppose, that Paul who kept every Sabbath as before, had kept the Sabbath, Acts 20. 7. And that when the Seventh day was over, Paul and the Disciples met that Evening (that is, the Evening of the First day) being ready to depart on the Morning (which Evening his readiness to depart on the morrow seems to imply) which the Doctor p. 31. thinks a pleasant shift, which seems a plain and true Fact, for Paul there continued his Speech till mid-night, ver. 7, 8. And when he had recovered Eutichus, and broken bread, and eaten, and tarried a long while, till break of day, Paul did depart accordingly, Acts 20. 7, 11. And I know none has yet imagined that Paul and the Christians kept two Sabbath days in one Week.

So as supposing the Doctor's mid-night-day mistaken, as I think it is, and supposing▪ the First day to begin in the Evening, which I think it did, and does.

And supposing Paul's manner was to preach every Sabbath in the Synagogue, Acts 13. 14, 42. Acts 16. 30. Acts 18. 4. which he certainly did; and supposing that Paul ▪s preaching in the Sy­nagogue did comprehend his conscientious observing the whole Sabbath day, then instead of a President for the first Day, as the Doctor would make it, putting all those places in the Acts together, it seems a President for keeping the Seventh­day Sabbath, and the breaking Bread, and Paul's preaching to the Disciples there that Evening till mid-night, to be [Page 34] both after the Sabbath kept and ended, and his travelling the next Morning, Acts 20. 11. if it were, as it seems, the Morning of the First day after the Sabbath was over, makes it, that he did not keep the First day, but travelled upon it. So supposing as before the breaking of Bread, imports the Lords Supper, which the Disciples came together for, upon the First day of the Week, that might very well succeed Paul's and their keeping the Sabbath before, upon the Evening of which First day the Converted might come together to receive the Lords Supper to­gether, when they were distinguished from the rest of the Assembly (as is usual in our Assemblys to this day) to whom Paul preached Christ upon the Sabbath day before, and departed in the Morning, read and judge, and this is the clear Evidence, which the Doctor says he has from Acts 20. 7.

And the Doctor thinks I am not in earnest, and calls it tri­fling and shifting, (which are hard Words) to render [...], one day of the Week, from which I see no inconvenience when he renders it, [...], one, which signifies one, yet was the First day, Gen. 1. 5. and when he himself renders [...], one, p. 42 and when it is agreed, that tho' [...] properly signifies one, which no Grammarian can deny, yet that one was the First day, and so by [...], Acts 20. 7. I think may be meant the First day of the Week, tho' the Greek [...], one, be ren­dred one Scores of times in the New-Testament.

I pass by the Doctor's case of a Horse bought for five Pounds, and paid by five Pounds of Candles, &c. because I have no mind to that way of arguing, by telling old Tales; p. 32. he goes over again the case of the Passover, the days of Crucifixi­on, and Resurrection, and Acts 20. 7. to all which before, and p. 33. the case of Abel, Enoch, Noah, and Abraham, and from thence till Israel's coming out of Aegypt, he says, I bring no other proof for their keeping the Sabbath, but Exod. 5. 4, 5.

And if he mean that I bring no other Proof, but one Scri­pture Proof, that seems somewhat hardly meant.

And he may find in the Enquiry, and here before, other Proofs besides Exod. 5. 4, 5.

But I had thought one plain, full Word of God for Israel's there keeping Sabbath, or for proving any other Truth, or Matter of Fact, had been enough to convince the most Learned, who acknowledge the Divine Authority of the Scriptures, which I hope the Doctor does and I do.

What the Doctor would p. 34. teach me, as to better purpose for the Seventh-day-Sabbath, from Pharaoh's seven fat and lean Kine, and the seven days before Noah's Flood, and Nebuchad­nezzar's being seven Years at Grass, and from the three Intervals of seven days, one about the Rain before the Flood, Gen. 7. 4. and the other two of Noah's staying seven days, and then again seven days before he sent out the Dove, Gen. 8. 10, 12. which he says is better Argument then any I bring.

I hope he will not oblige me or any other to believe he so thinks, for if those his Arguments be better then any I bring, I doubt he would not have writ this Book at his Age to Answer them.

P. 34, 35. he says, There is nothing of a weekly Sabbath in Job, which if it were true, needs not, if there be, as there is enough for it elsewhere, in the Word.

And if you will allow a little Digression, see Job 31. 26, 27, 28. which the Doctor p. 64. says, may perhaps be Job's disclaimer of Sun-Worship, which is somewhat towards it.

And see that of Eliphaz, Job 22. 17, 22. Receive I pray thee, the law at his mouth, that is Gods Mouth, where the word Law, is the same Hebrew Word used Exod. 16. 28. about the Sabbath, and Job 22. 22. Lay up his words in thine heart, so as whenever, and where-ever Job lived, tis certain, he and his Friends had some knowledge of the Law, and Words of God, and if of the Law and Words of God, why not of the Sabbath which is his Word, and a part of his Law: See also Job 1. 1, 5, 6, 8, 9. Job 2. 1, 3. especially Job 1. 6. and Job 2. 1. which day, at least some of the Hebrew Rabbies thought to be the Sabbath.

And although the Doctor p. 35. would make all that is offer­ed in the Enquiry, that the Ascension of Christ might be upon the Sabbath day, Acts 1. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 12. to be a lit­tle matter, and yet serving my turn, I refer the Reader for that to the Enquiry, p. 43. to which I add, I do not yet see, but that the Ascension day might be upon the Sabbath day, according to Acts 1. 12. for I do not think those words, that Mount Olivet, (the place of his Ascension) is from Jerusalem a sabbath-days-jour­ney, Acts 1. 12. which of old was esteemed about two Miles, are so expressed there by the Holy Spirit, but for some special respect to the Sabbath day, which words of a Sabbath-days-jour­ney are no where else so expressed in the Scriptures, that I find, but I take it tis agreed by Geographers, that Mount Olivet is a­bout [Page 36] two Miles from Jerusalem. In Exod. 16. 29. The Lord giv­eth you on the sixth day, the bread of two days, abide every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day, that is, that day they were not to go abroad into the Field to gather Manna, nor to do any other Work, Exod. 20. 10. but they might go to the Holy Convocation, Lev. 23. 3. And the Cities of the Levites were to reach 2000 Cubits from without the City, East, South, West, North, Numb. 35. 5. and in Josh. 3. 3, 4. when the Ark was born towards Jordan, the People were to go after it, yet there was to be a space between them, and it about 2000 Cubits by measure, and they were not to come nearer to it; what those Cubits in measure did extend to, the Jews could best tell us, who thought it about two Miles, which those in the Camp might travel to the Ark, the place of their Publick Wor­ship upon the Sabbath day, Enquiry, p. 43. 44, 45. And it seems to me, that Acts 1. 12. is so expressed, to shew that Christ and his Disciples going from Jerusalem to Mount Olivet, and the Disciples going from thence back again to Jerusalem, was no breach of the Sabbath day.

But however this were, I think the main question, which is the true Christian Sabbath is built and established upon many other direct full Scriptures before and after cited, which give no colour for denying.

What the Doctor offers for the Feast of Pentecost, Acts 2. 1. p. 37. as to the day when it was, which he thinks was on the First day of the Week, I know no Word for that, or other Ground but Conjectures, and some uncertain Romish Traditi­ons, for what day the Fiftieth day was from the true day on which Christ and his Disciples kept the Passover, Matth. 26. 17, 18, 19, 20. I do not yet so certainly know, and the Doctor p. 12. agrees, that our Saviour kept his last Passover on one day, and the Jews on another: But the most probable Judgment I can make from Mat. 26. 17, 18, 19, 20. from Acts 1. 12. and Acts 13. Acts 16. Acts 17. Acts 18. 4, &c. is, that it might be on the Sabbath day, and this is certain, that when the day of Pentecost was fully come, the Holy Spirit was poured out, Acts 2. 1. 2. But supposing what the Doctor agrees p. 12. that Christ kept it one day, and the Jews on another, I think I can prove by the Word, that Pentecost was on the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and not upon the first day of the Week.

But this also about what day it was, not being yet so evident to all, and the Sabbath being, as I think, clearly proved by o­ther Texts, I pass it by at present.

I pretermit divers things to which he recurs, p. 38. and takes up again and again what he had written to before, and then the Doctor adds,

A like place is that of 1 Cor. 16. 1, 2.

Now concerning the collection for the Saints, as I have given order to the Churches of Galatia, even so do ye upon the first day of the week, let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gathering when I come.

What likeness there is between those two places I can see very little of, and that this yields nothing at all for his purpose, any man who will read it twice may easily discern, yet he thinks it is plain from thence, that the Frst day of the Week was week­ly observed, and was wont to be observed, both by the Church of Corinth, and by the Churches of Galatia, which he thinks Paul supposes, and takes for granted, which are all meer Conjectures where I think [...] may well be rendred one day of the Week, without any offence.

To which place I think there is answer, Enquiry, p. 58. 59. to which I add,

If the Doctor by the Words was weekly observed, and wont to be observed, mean was weekly, and wont to be observed as a Sabbath, or as a weekly Day of Holy Rest (without which he says nothing).

I reply, that here is not one word of any Sabbath or Rest weekly, or other Rest, or of any Worship or Preaching, or a­ny such thing, not one such word, either at Corinth or Galatia, or taking it for granted, &c. but the quite contrary, that is, an order that they should every one of them lay by in store for charitable Uses, which does include the casting up their Ac­compts, how else could they know how God had prospered them, which the Doctor p. 39. says scornfully, is a wise Obje­ction, which seems a true and plain Matter of Fact.

What that order was to the Churches of Galatia, he says, that I cannot tell, but leaves out my next words, unless it were to re­member the Poor; and to what is in the Enquiry, p. 58. about an yearly Collection, I add, 2 Cor. 9. 1, 2. where he said Achaia was ready a year ago, and 2 Cor. 8. 10. others were forward a year ago.

But admitting that [...] here signifies First, here is not one word in this order to keep Holy the First day, nothing of that day as a Sabbath, nothing of Praises, breaking Bread, Praying or Preaching, or of any Worship, or Resting here, but only an order for every one of the Christians there, to lay by him in store as God had prospered him, which seems also, when they were asunder, and at home, that there might be no gathering when Paul came; and this I should think any who read it (without great prejudice) must needs see and know; so that for the Doctor to say he thinks it plain there, that the First day was weekly observed, and wont to be observed at Corinth and Gala­tia, and that Paul takes it for granted, and supposeth it, &c. without any word for it, seems all from a strong and willing fancy, and very blameable, as highly imposing on the World.

And in p. 38. and 39. he reassumes what he had written to before, which in me, without any great cause that I know, he p. 39. calls trifling, and Childs-play, which shews him to be angry, and p. 41. says, It must be great Ignorance, or somewhat worse, which sort of Language agrees well enough in this Cause to prop it up (instead of Word and Argument) with hard Expressions, and if that will please him I shall easily ac­knowledge my Ignorance and Weaknesses, which are many and great: but withal, I think a weak and simple Man who has the word and command of God on his side, as I think I cer­tainly have in this case, may contend with the most Learn­ed, for whom otherwise I yield my self much too weak.

Nor do I find in all his Book any reason, much less any rea­son to believe (as he p. 42, &c.) that the First day was then ge­nerally observed, or wont to be observed, or at all observed, unless by the Heathens, nor that it was according to Christs di­rection, because we have no word that I know for either, which word is the highest Reason, and why then does the Doctor top upon others those Words, According to Christ's Direction.

And a like saying of the Doctor's we have p. 43. by Christs giving commandments to the Apostles, about things pertaining to the Kingdom of God, Acts 1. 2, 3. that we are to presume this in particular, about the observing the First day of the Week, and yet there confesseth what those Commandments were in particular we cannot tell, so we are to presume what he admits we cannot tell, which to me is a new Article in Religion made [Page 39] for this purpose. And upon such Presumptions without one word from Christ that I know, the Doctor's opinion seems built.

P. 41. He considers Mark 2. 28. The Son of Man is Lord also of the Sabbath, and supposeth by Son of Man, is there meant Christ, and if he suppose it, why then does he there controvert it; which Text shews the Sabbath to be the Lords Day, as ver. 27. The Sabbath was made for man, shews it was made for the good of Man, for his Spiritual and Eternal good.

And says, I can't shew that ever the Jewish Sabbath is called the Lords day, although he knows if he have read the Enquiry, p. 64, 65, 66, 67. that I there quote divers Scriptures, where the Lords Seventh day is called the Lords Day, whereof more by and by, upon Rev. 1. 10.

What he says p. 43. that I cannot tell whether of the two (that is the Seventh or the First day) is the Seventh day of the Week, does again overturn all his Book, for if it be as he says, uncertain, so as we know not which day is which, how can a­ny Man observe his day in Faith, and what is not of Faith is Sin, and what then is become of all his Arguments for an un­certain weekly First day?

But I think we can tell which is the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and I say as before, from Nehe. 9. 13, 14. that the Lord made known to them his Sabbaths, his Sabbaths, so the Sabbath was the Lords Day, which they knew; and from him and them we have his Sabbaths. And Rom. 3. 2. to the Jews were committed the words of God, which with the Old-Testament, and therein the Ten Commands they still have; and I think we ought to believe what the Lord Christ accounted and named to be the Sabbath day, was then, and I think is now his Sabbath-day, that is, the Lords Day, Mark 2. 28.

P. 44. 45, 46. Rev. 1. 10. I was in the Spirit on the Lords day, which he would have to be on the First day, which I think I have shewn by the Scriptures, Enquiry, from p. 64. to 68. to be the Seventh day, to which I do not remember he offers any answer (unless some Traditions) to which, to avoid Tautologies, I re­fer the Reader, and am of the same opinion as there, and with­out Prejudice, which he would often insinuate, I think, the Lords Day, Rev. 1. 10. was not only the name of a day, but the name of the Seventh-day-Sabbath, Gen. 2. 2, 3, 4. Exod. 20. 10. Deut. 5. 14. Isaiah 58. 13. Matth. 12. 8. Mark. 2. 28. Luke 6. 5. which Scriptures [Page 40] he that will examine and consider, may easily see that the Seventh-day-Sabbath is the Lords Day, (if the Scriptures be as they ought to be, the rule of judging in this case) which the Doctor would fain have to be the First day, and cannot tell us which day of the Week, the First day is now from Christs time as before, and does not know it, and thinks it impossible to know it.

And p. 46. 47. he again admits, That Christ was the God who gave the Commandments, by which he does admit, that the seventh day there given by Christ is the Lords day, for Exod. 20. 10. the se­venth day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God, (i. e.) the Seventh day is the Lords day. And so it often falls out in this debate, that what he and others are constrained to admit in one point, answers what they would deny in another, as I think this does; for if the Lord gave the Commandments, as he did, and as the Doctor admits (together with the Father and Holy Spirit) then he gave the Fourth Command, and therein the Seventh day, Exod. 20. 10. which Seventh day is there expresly said to be the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, that is, to be the Lords day, which as I think by his own admission, tells us, which is the Lords day, Rev. 1. 10.

Of his Traditions, p. 48. 49. (on which the Doctor before) I think there is or can be no certainty from them.

And their Authority to alter any thing in Doctrinals or Practi­cals, stated in the Scriptures is of no force with me, nor with any Protestant that I know, nor I hope with him, and he may see in the Enquiry divers Traditions, Histories, and Records for the Seventh-day-Sabbath, which the Doctor answers not, although I build all upon the Scriptures, and not on Traditions.

I say as before, that Christs manner was not to keep A, but The Sabbath during his Life, and the Women, and others kept it, whilst his Body rested in the Grave, whilst he was in Para­dice, that is, in Heaven; not only on what they called the Sabbath, as the Doctor p. 50. which I think not well surmised by him (as if they, or rather the Holy Spirit there called a wrong day the Sabbath) but on what was the Sabbath, and that some of the Disciples travelled upon the very Resurrection day, and that Paul and other Christians did not only seem to (which are the Doctor's words, and I think are hard words) but expres­ly and actually did observe, not only what they called the Sabbath, but what was the Sabbath, the true Seventh day-Sab­bath (not only) after Christs Resurrection, but after his Ascen­sion, [Page 41] and after the Holy Spirit given, and that that was Paul's manner, and of others every Sabbath day as before, these Repetiti­ons I am forced to.

Which I think, do prove that Christ and the Apostles did then take not A, but The Seventh day to be the Christian Sab­bath (as it was); or why else doth the Holy Spirit so very often in the four Evangelists, before his Death and Resurrection, and in the Acts after his Resurrection and Ascension, and after the pouring out the Holy Spirit, name it not A, but The Sabbath, not only what they called, but what was the Sabbath.

Yet the Doctor p. 51. thinks Paul's Preaching upon the Sab­bath days to be occasional, by which, if he means as it there seems occasional only, I know no word he has from God in the Scriptures, for his Sence of occasional, and I think Paul's con­stant Practice to Preach upon the Sabbath days, was according to the Duty of a Minister of Christ, and in Obedience to Christs express Command, Matth. 28. 19, 20. by which Com­mand I think all other his Ministers are obliged.

And as to the Passover, and all Sacrifices, and other Cere­monials, that they are abolished by the Death of Christ, I think certain, and to what is said in the Enquiry, as to that, I add this,

That the Passover, sacrifices are all set aside by that word, Luke 22. 19. and 1 Cor. 11. 23, 24, 25, 26. This do in remem­brance of me, and so the Passover, &c. are laid aside by the Lords Supper, by which Ordinance of the Supper, we declare that Christ was sacrificed for the Sins of his People, and by this we declare his Death till he come in Glory, to judge the Quick and Dead; and there was, or is no further need of Sa­crifices, or Types to represent Christs Death. And so the Pas­sover, and all other Sacrifices to be at an end, by these words, This is my body which is given for you, or which is broken for you, this do in remembrance of me. Which Lords Supper was then in­stituted, and immediately succeeded the Passover, which Passover then ceased, Matth. 26. 17, 20, 26. And as they were eating, Je­sus took bread, &c. Mark 14. 22, &c.

And to what is offered p. 54. from Rom. 14 4, 5, 6. He that regardeth a day, regardeth it to the Lord, and he that regardeth not the day to the Lord, he doth not regard it.

It is not said what was the day there in question, but the Doctor thinks it most likely to be that of the Jewish Sab­bath.

What day this was, is hard for any Man at this distance of time to determine, and more hard to build any certain Doctrine upon it, as a certain Day, when God has not that I know, told us in his Word what day it was, but left it wholly uncer­tain.

I find nothing in that Epistle about days, till Rom. 14. 4, 5, 6. where one Man esteemed one Day before another, another e­steemed every day, he that regardeth the day, regardeth it to the Lord, and he that regardeth not the day to the Lord, he doth not re­gard it.

And it is not there said (as the Doctor acknowledges p. 54.) what was the Day there, nor do I now see how possibly to know what Weekly, or Monthly, or Yearly, or Feasting, or Fasting, or other day it did refer to, but of the Sabbath there is no mention, and why is it then most likely to be the Sabbath, which he confesses is not there said, and whatever day it was, it seems it was no great matter whether they regarded it or not, ver. 6.

And whatever day that were, it was certainly such a day as Paul would not have them judge one another for, ver. 4. which makes it likely to me, that it was not the Sabbath day which Paul so constantly preached Christ upon, and observed as before, which Sabbath is a part of that Moral Law which Paul was un­der to God, but was such a day (whatever day it was) as he thought fit at that time and place to leave undetermined.

As for Gal. 4. 3, 8, 9, 10.

In Galatia were some Disciples, Acts 18. 1, 4, 23. In which Chapter it is said, Paul preached at Corinth every sabbath, to Jews and Gentiles.

And Paul, Gal. 1. 2. directs that Epistle to the Churches of Galatia, where probably were some converted, and many uncon­verted.

And Gal. 4. 3. Paul says, When we were children, we were in bondage under the Elements, or under the Rudiments of the world▪ which seems the Heathen World, ver. 8. When they knew not God, they did service to them, who they knew by nature were no Gods, which was the case of the Heathens, for the Israelites did then, [Page 43] and do still Worship Jehovah, who is God, the true God, and so do actually Worship Christ the only Messiah, who is Jehovah, as in the Enquiry, p. 9, &c. And the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are one Jehovah, Deut. 6. 4, 5. Enquiry p. 12. But the Israelites don't yet know Christ to be Johovah, their Messiah, Saviour, and Redeemer; which Truth upon their Conversion and Restoration, remains to be revealed to them.

So as this place seems specially directed to those who had an Heathenish Education, who before served those who were no Gods, who after they knew God, Gal. 4. 9. were turning again to the weak and beggarly Rudiments, to their first Teachings, and Heathenish Instruction, which Paul there blames ver. 10. you ob­serve days, and months, and times, and years, ver. 11. I am afraid of you, least I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.

What days these were is the Question, the Doctor says tis not here said in particular, what those days were that are here meant, yet he thinks it is most likely, and scarce to be doubted, to be meant of the Sabbath.

To which I answer, That I think days there cannot be meant of a weekly Rest, and if it be, it is directed there not to rest up­on Sunday, which was observed by the Heathens in honour of the Sun, as we may see afterward.

And every Sabbath being observed by Paul, and the Sabbath not being (that I can find) in question, days there I think can­not refer to the Sabbath.

Which the Doctor thinks most likely to be meant of the Sab­bath, though he acknowledges it is not said; and if it be not so said, how can any mans Conscience build upon what is not said in the Word, and the Heathens generally observed Sunday, and their Princes and Magistrates being Heathens, some of those converted to the Christian Faith, might in some sort decline giv­ing them offence upon their days, whether Feastivals or Fasting days, but that tho it might be is conjectural. 'Tis certain that many do things now which relate to Worship, in complyance with those under whom they live, and so have done I doubt in former Ages, and tis certain they observed days, which observa­tion Paul blamed, and some of those days might also be Jewish days, as Passover, New Moons, &c. as in the Enquiry, or days▪ of purim, Hester 9. 26. which the Jews observe still, as I think, in all Nations where they live.

And tis to me most likely, and scarce to be doubted, that one of those days blamed by Paul, and the principal one was Sun­day, which the Heathens observed, wherein the converted Hea­thens were by their Heathen Parents who knew not God, first instructed before they knew God, Gal. 4. 8. which Paul calls weak, and beggarly Elements, ver. 9. which words of weak and Beggarly Elements do certainly not refer to any part of the Moral Law, as afterward.

So that upon the whole of this in Gal. 4. 9, 10, 11. it seems more likely, that Paul blames them for observing the First day, if it were at all then observed by Christians.

And Gal. 4. 12. which is the next verse, Paul adds, Brethren, I beseech you to be as I am, who constantly observed the Sabbath day as before.

As to what is objected from Coloss. 2. 16. where Paul says, Let no man judge you, in meat or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbaths, Greek, [...], which the Doctor p. 55, 56, 57, 58. understands of Sabbaths, and so of the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and p. 59. does not think it by the Fourth Command to be so determined to this day, that is, the Seventh day, as to be unchangeable to after Ages: And when Christ, or his Apostles by direction from him did put it into a new order; this new order doth as well suit the words of the Fourth Command as that former, all which are postulata, and I reply, if it be not changed, then the Doctor cannot change it; and if it be settled in the Word, that the Seventh day is the Sabbath, as I think it is, then it is unchangeable, and the Doctor cannot suit the Command to his Sense, and when the Doctor (or any other) produceth any such new order from Christ, or from his Apostles to change the Seventh to the First day, he will say somewhat, and I hope all Christians will obey it, but I see not yet any such new order produced.

In the General, I acknowledge this of Coloss. 2. 16. at first seemed the most colourable Objection that I knew.

Colosse is said to be in Phrygia, and the Inhabitants Heathens, this Epistle Coloss. 1. 1, 2. Paul directs to the Saints, and faith­ful Brethren in Christ, which are at Colosse, which it seems were converted Heathens, and it may be some persecuted and conver­ted Jews, ver. 9. 10. Paul prays for them, that they may be fruitful in every good work, of which good work the law of God is a rule, and ver. 13, 14, 15, 16. Paul tells them, that the son of God the re­deemer [Page 45] created all things, whom ver. 3. he calls the Lord Jesus Christ, to whom those who were enemies by wicked works (which wicked Works I think were Works against the Moral Law) were then reconciled to present them, ver. 22. holy, and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight, (free from all Immoralities) and present them perfect in Christ Jesus, whom as they had received, so they should walk in him, which good Works Perfection, receiving Christ, and holy Walking, I think were true Conversion, sincere Re­pentance, Faith, Holiness, and new Obedience to the Word of God and Moral Law.

And Coloss. 2. 8. Beware least any man spoil you, through Philoso­phy, and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the World, and not after Christ.

The Philosophers (who are thought to have been Platonists) would then, as others now, have brought the Doctrine of Christ, and Laws of his Kingdom, to be judged by their Reason, who were Heathens, who would have put a cheat upon them by their Traditions, to withdraw them from Christs institutions, after the Rudiments, or first Teachings of the Heathenish World, which were corrupt.

The Heathens had other Objects, (as Sun, Moon, and Stars, &c.) and ways of Worship, contrary to Christ and his Laws.

Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbaths (or weeks) Coloss. 2. 16.

Let no man judge or censure you, or impose upon you, that as necessa­ry, which is not after Christ and his Laws; there were Feastivals among the Jews which were Typical and Ceremonial, and a­mongst the Heathens which were Idolatrous.

Against which Rudiments of the World, ver. 8. Paul speaks more from ver. 20. to 23. to which Paul would have them dead, and not as tho living in the World, (which was there Heathe­nish) to be subject to Ordinances after the Commandments and Doctrines of Men (of Heathenish Men) which things have in­deed a shew of Wisdom in Will-Worship.

Which second Chapter seems mainly aimed against the Philo­sophical Heathenish World, and their Will▪ Worship, after the Commandments and Doctrines of Heathenish Men.

Though some Learned Men have also thought, that it refers to the inclinations of some there to the Ceremonial Laws, abo­lished by the Death of Christ.

Now that the Greek word [...], Sabbaths, does signifie Week, or Weeks, I refer to the Enquiry, p. 70, 71, 72, 73. John 20. 1, 19. [...], Luke 24. 1. the like 16. 2. [...], Matth. 28. 1. [...], which in the plural number doth signify Sab­baths, or Weeks, and in the New Testament is used for Week, and for Sabbath, whether it be put there for Weeks I cannot now examine, nor do I see it necessary, seeing the plural num­ber does ordinarily signifie more then one.

What I offered in the Enquiry, p. 70. that the word Sabbaths in the New Testament is never applyed to the weekly Seventh­day-Sabbath, was mistaken by me, and the word never, should have been left out, or the Expression otherways cured; and En­quiry p. 136. that God who reserved a Tenth of our Substance, reserved, But, a Seventh of our Time, But, should have been left out.

Both which, with other Errata's before, I read it in any Printed Book, I gave particular order to amend, in a Printed Paper of Errata's, and upon a question which requires such va­riety, by so old and weak a Man as I am, besides Errors in Transcribing, and Printing under some Difficulties, it will be strange if there be not now committed more and greater Errors, which a little Candour and Temper would easily ex­cuse.

And p. 45. the Doctor takes a third exception, and writes near half a page upon it, on a similitude I use of Moses, no man knows of his Sepulchre to this day, that is, no Man ever knew where his Sepulchre was.

And as to the Similitude or Comparison referring to the day of Christs Incarnation, the Doctor would rather say, at this day then (as I) to this day, which great Exception can hardly be excused, for in that similitude I think he mistakes my words, and meaning also.

At the Incarnation some then knew the day tho no Man At this day knows what day it was, and the Doctor agrees the day of the Week, or Year, of Christs Incarnation is now not known so as this Exception of to, against at, seems very little at best.

And I think he knows that the Lord buried Moses in a Sepul­chre unknown, not only at that time, but to this day, Deut. 34. 6.

Now tis true the Greek word Sabbath, in the plural num­ber, in the New Testament is also applyed to the Sabbath, as to the Week, Matth. 12. 15, 10, 12. [...], and 28. 1. [...], &c.

So that [...], the plural number, (from the Greek word, [...], a Sabbath, in the singular number) is in the New Testa­ment sometimes understood of the Sabbath, and sometimes of the Week, and in Matth. 28. 1. properly meant of both.

And so the question remains, Whether Sabbaths Colossians 2. 16. ought to be rendred Sabbaths, or Sabbath, or Weeks, and if Sabbaths, Whether the Seventh day be there meant, or no?

The Doctor thinks Sabbaths here must be meant of the Seventh­day-Sabbaths (which words, must be one very positive, and a­gainst the Opinion of many Learned, as by and by) which he thinks it manifest, p. 56. were there in dispute, (which dispute I cannot find in that Epistle, nor any where else in the Word) and why then does the Doctor without the Word think it to be there in dispute, and manifest? and he thinks it was then at an End, (which End we read not in the Word) but find it still observed in many Churches of Christ to this day, Enquiry, p. 106. to 112, 118, 119, 120.) and why then does he think it was then at an end.

Nor do I find any new order from Christ or his Apostles, as he surmises, p. 59.

And if Sabbaths, Coloss. 2. 16. do mean Weeks, and not the Weekly Sabbath day, then that Objection of the Doctor falls, and if it mean the First day (i. e.) Sunday, which the Hea­thens observed, then it is against the Doctor so far as Paul's bla­ming their judging will go.

And if it mean Weeks, as it seems to me more likely it ought to be here rendred, or if it means Ceremonial Sabbaths, then so far as this reaches it refers to the Observation of Weeks, and Ceremonial Sabbaths now abolished.

But both one and other seem to me uncertain now, to build any (must be's) upon.

And Coloss. 2. 16. Let no man judge you in respect of a feastival, or of the new moon, or of the sabbaths. Beside the Seventh-day-Sabbath, there were at least three Feastivals or Sabbaths amongst the Jews.

At the Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven Days, from which Passover, Lev. 23. 4, 5. we have the pretence for Easther, now ceased as before.

The Feast of Pentecost, fifty days after the Passover, that is, seven Weeks after, ver. 15. 16. where we have the pretence for Whitsuntide.

There were also the Sabbaths of Years, every seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the Land, a sabbath for the Lord, Lev. 25. 4. And after seven sabbaths of years, ver. 8. they were to sound the trumpet of the Jubilee, ver. 9. and ye shall hallow, or sanctifie the fiftieth year, ver. 10. And hence (as I take it) we have the ground of the Roman Jubilees.

Now it seems to me, that if the word there do mean Sabbaths, that those three may be blotted out, and taken out of the way, and all Heathenish Feasts, Feastivals, Weeks, and Sabbaths, as well Sunday as the rest, Coloss. 2. 14.

But that which I think does fairly and fully answer the whole Objection from Coloss. 2. 16. besides what is hereafter offered by Learned Men, may be, that this is a caution against judging the Believers at Colosse, in meat, or in drink, or in respect of the Feastivals, new moons, or sabbaths, and seems to agree with Rom. 14. 4, 5, 6. Who art thou that judgest another mans servant, one man esteemeth one day above another, another esteemeth every day, and at Rome and Colosse, were then cautious against judging the Christi­ans about days.

And we find not in either of those Epistles one word to al­ter the Seventh day to the First, or to institute the First, all that would be a forced interpretation, the Text is against judging of Christians there about days.

And whether it be meant at that time and place, of judging for or against those Meats and Drinks, or Days or Feasts, or Fasts, or Weeks, or Sabbaths, whatever they were is not now over easie to be resolved.

'Tis likely some converted Teachers, whether Jews or Gen­tiles, I know not, had taught what was not right about Days, which Paul here corrects.

And tis certain there are some things in Paul's Epistles hard to be understood, 2 Pet. 3. 16. and if they were hard to be un­derstood in Peter's time, which was Paul's time, for they were Contemporaries, much more hard now near 1700 Years after; and by whom hard places in Paul's Epistles were then wrested, we may gather a little light, 2 Pet. 3. 17. [...], such as were not subject to the Law of God, were the wresters, and this place in Col. 2. 16. seems strongly wrested beyond the words of it, which are against judging the Saints at Colosse, in those respects at that time, when the Ministers of the Gospel had much to do to preach Christ, and by Christ to lay the foundations of christianity, which foundation in the Lord Jesus Christ, the Redeemer and Creator of all things, Paul soundly laid in this Epistle, Coloss. 2. 3, 14, 16.

Which Caution against judging one another, was, no doubt, at that time and place necessary, and rightly understood, is still of great use.

And let no man beguile you, or seduce you, Coloss. 2. 17. Where­fore, if ye be dead with Christ from the Rudiments of the world, whether Heathenish, or Jewish, Why are ye subject to Ordinances, ver. 18. which are nothing else, if not instituted by Christ, or if laid a­side by him, but human inventions, ver. 20. according to the com­mandments and doctrines of men, ver. 22. which are appointed, not by the Lord, but according to the pleasure of men, as I think the First day is, whereas the Seventh day is appointed by the Lord, and the Conscience and whole life of man, ought to be governed by the commandments of God, without adding or diminishing, Deut. 12. 32. Matth. 15. 6, 9.

Which commandments of men, have indeed a shew of wisdom in will-worship, Coloss. 2. 23. Worship which some men imposed on themselves and others, as if they could do and teach better and wiser then God had commanded, which it seems is an old and humane Infirmity.

Mr. Cawdrey, and Mr. Palmer, in their Treatise of the Sab­bath, pag. 50. say, That the Apostle in Col. 2. 16. speaks of the other Holy days and Sabbaths, and not of the weekly Sabbath.

Mr. Sheppard in his Doctrine of the Sabbath, pag. 166. Thes. 181. speaking of Gal. 4. 10. Rom. 14. 4, 5. Col. 2. 16, &c. saith, If we suppose that these places be meant of the weekly Sabbath, and riggidly urge them, we may quickly press Blood instead of Milk out of them, and wholly abolish (as Walleus) the Observation of any Christian Sabbath.

Doctor Owen, in his Treatise of the Sabbath, pag. 214. speak­ing of Col. 2. 16, 17. saith, It is known, and confessed, that at that time all judaical Observations of Days, whether Feasts, or Fasts, Weekly, Monthly, or Annual, were by themselves and all others called their Sabbaths. And that kind of speech was then in com­mon use is here observed by our Apostles, it must therefore neces­sarily be allowed, that there were two sorts of Sabbaths amongst them, the first and Principal was the Weekly Sabbath, so called from the rest of God upon the finishing of his Works, and that other day became from their Analogy, thereto to be called Sabbaths also. But that the diffe­rence between these Sabbaths was great, The one of them was ordained from the foundation of the world, before the entrance of Sin, and so belonged to all mankind in general (to all Mankind) the other were appointed in the Wilderness as a part of the peculiar Church-worship of the Israelites.

That the one was directly commanded in the Decalogue, where­in the Law of our creation (the Learned Doctor calls it the Law of our Creation) was revived and expressed, and that the other have their Institution expresly among the residue of ceremonial temporary Ordinances. See to the like purpose, p. 215, 216, 217.

Mr. Richard Byfield, in his Treatise on the Sabbath, p. 130. on Col. 2. 16. saith, That the Apostle there speaketh not of the Fourth Commandment, because he treateth expresly of those Sabbaths which were of the same rank with the New Moons. And that he speaketh as he doth to the Galatians, chap. 4. 10. of the Observation of Days, Months, and Years, which pertained to the Servitude and Bondage of weak and beggarly Rudiments, as in ver. 9. Now (saith he) that any precept of the Decalogue should be so accounted, and reckoned as a weak and beggarly Rudiment, was far from the Apostle to think, and is abhorred to Christian Ears, and Religion. Which I think Answer to the Doctor's Objections from Col. 2. 16, &c.

Which four Opinons I had from another hand since I came to London, and if I had the use of my own persecuted Study, and other Books here, 'twere easie I think, to gather many more.

And upon the whole, I find Col. 2. 16. to be against judging of Christians then and there, and for ought appears against judg­ing either way, and so this place, in whatsoever sence we take it, makes only against judging in those cases.

Pag. 59. the Doctor takes the Law for the Seventh day Sab­bath to be a new Yoke to the Gentiles, because it was given to the Jews as a Sign, or a distinctive mark, and for a perpetual Covenant, Exod. 31. 13, 16, 17. Ezek. 20. 12, 20. But this also will be against him, as we shall see by and by.

That it was then new to the Heathens who observed Sunday I agree.

Tis true, it was a sign, but such a sign as all Proselytes did em­brace and obey, till the coming of Christ, and by him is made a perpetual law, Matth. 5. 18, &c. and so a perpetual sign between him and his people.

And tho Circumcision were a sign, yet that is ceased, as before, and Baptism instituted.

And the Pascal Lamb, tho it were a distinction between the Israelites, &c. and the Aegyptians, yet being a Type of Christ, was lain aside by him at his Institution of the Lords Supper, as before by the words, This do in remembrance of me, Luke 22. 19. and ceased at his Death.

And if it be meerly circumstantial, and doth not at all influence Religion, whether in the Temple or other place God be Wor­shipped, John 4. 21. as the Doctor, p. 60. & p. 2. Yet God ha­ving so directly resolved, that the Seventh day is the Sabbath, that is not a new Yoke, but an old Institution, for the good of all Mankind, given at the Creation, and commanded in the Deca­logue, and so given by Christ. And with the rest of the Com­mandments, Matth. 5. 18. and Luke 16. 17. made perpetual by him, and so I think is Christs Yoke, and an easie Yoke, (for it is only to take the commanded weekly Seventh instead of the First day) Matth. 11. 29, 30. which the Doctor and others should willingly take upon them.

Pag. 60. he adds, That the Jewish Sabbath (so he often calls it, and the Word Jewish runs much in his mind) seems to be, not a continuation of a former Sabbath, but rather a new Institution (which I cannot find in the Word) as he says he has shewed before, which upon all the search I have made I cannot find in all his Book; and I am loath to observe what I often read there­in, the great Latitude he takes that way.

The Doctor p. 60. quotes the Enquiry, p. 26. and says, I press and put great weight upon it, that the Seventh day is a Sign and per­petual Covenant, to distinguish his People from other, that is, saith he, the People of the Jews from other Nations; which last words, the People of the Jews from other Nations, are added by the Doctor, whereas my words and meaning was, and is throughout, that the Sabbath was and is a perpetual Sign and Covenant with all true Israelites, that is, all true Believers of all Nations, in all Ages, from the beginning of the World to the end of it, to distinguish such from the disobedient to Gods Laws.

And such Artifice to add somewhat of his own to turn what is offered into his own Notion are blameable.

And for the Doctor to say, as he there, That Circumcision, the Passover, and the Seventh-day-Sabbath, were distinctive Marks, and at an end by the Death of Christ, is not so. 'Tis true of Circum­cision and the Passover that they are at an end, as before, but not of the Sabbath.

So that a particular unravelling the many Allegations which I think are not so, would make this Reply too large.

And he there makes the Sabbath abolished.

By which affirmings he may make other Commands abolish­ed, if his Sayings and Comments may pass for Doctrine, to a­bolish and overthrow any part of the Law of God.

And adds there, That it is as meerly circumstantial (as the place of Worship is) whether a Sabbath be kept on this or another day, which is the Doctor's Opinion, I think directly against Gen. 2. 2, 3. and against the Moral Law, Exod. 20. 9, 10, 11. Established and made perpetual by Christ, Matth. 5. 17, 18. Luke 16. 17. besides his indifferency to this or another day.

My taking notice of the Doctor's Allegations about Facts which much concern this question, may be excused, for that otherways some Readers may take them for true, and so be mis­led in their judging this Case, and many I have passed by, which observing Readers may note.

Pag. 61. he repeats from Exod. 31. 13. that the Sabbath is a Sign, and yet p. 60. 61. doubts, was either not observed at all, or long before this time had been forgot.

To which I Reply, if the Sabbath were a Sign, and such a perpetual Sign, to be kept throughout their Generations, as it was (as the Doctor) and if it were a perpetual Covenant be­tween the Lord and them, as it was (as the Doctor) and made known to them as before, then surely they knew what day of the Week it was, and forgot it not, but observed it as they do, eve­ry where where they live to this day, which the Doctor has no reason that I know to doubt.

And if that were so, that the Sabbath was long before forgot, and if the days of the Week are all uncertain, and none can tell which was which, Where are we then, but in utter uncer­tainties?

And these Objections from the Seventh-day-Sabbath being a­bolished, and a perpetual Sign (and yet forgot and uncertain) contradict one another.

Pag. 61. he says, God had a particular respect to their Rest from their Bondage in Aegypt, by the Preface to all the Commands, I the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of Aegypt, and by the close of this Command, as repeated Deut. 5. 15.

I Reply, be it so, yet that was such a Deliverance, as the Gentiles then had a share in, and as concerned all the People of God, at that time in the World, to take special notice of, and such a Deliverance as is celebrated by all the Christians in the World to this day, and doubtless will be so by all such to the end of the World, and is celebrated as such I think in the English Common Prayer Book: See their Catechism.

He there again recurs to Exod. 16. for a new Epocha of days, which is Replyed to before, that I find no such thing there, as a new Epocha.

And pag. 62. he says, As God by Moses did give a new Epocha or Beginning to a Circulation of Sabbaths at Marah, so might Christ by himself, or his Apostles, fix another Epocha from his Resurre­ction.

I Reply, that neither of these Epocha's being found in the Word, I think the Doctor blameable for saying God did give a new Epocha by Moses, which we do not read he did give, and if it be not in the Word, Why does the Doctor affirm, that God by Moses gave it?

And he says, It is not expresly said that Christ did bid his Apo­stles to fix another Epocha from his Resurrection, yet he says he gave them Commandments for that purpose, Acts 1. 2, 3.

Now for the Greatest Man living to say, Christ gave them Commandments for that purpose, without a word from Christ for that purpose, seems to me highly blameable, Every word of God is pure, add thou not unto his words, least he reprove thee, Prov. 30. 5, 6.

We do suppose with Reason, the Commandments given by Christ to the Apostles were to preach the Gospel, to disciple all Na­tions, to baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, and to teach all things he had commanded them, Matth. 28. 19, 20. And see Mark 16. 15, 16, 17, 18. Luke 24. 46. to 52, &c.

And we have other Commandments of Christ to some of his Disciples, John 21. 1, 2. where he gave this to Peter (and in Pe­ter I think to all the rest, and to all succeeding Ministers of Christ) ver. 15. feed my Lambs, ver. 16, 17. feed my Sheep, ver. 19. follow me, which things did and do pertain to the Kingdom of God, of which things Acts 1. 3. Christ spake, but what Com­mandments in particular Christ gave to the Apostles for a new Epocha, does not appear that I know there, or elsewhere in the Word. But when they are produced, I hope his Ministers and Churches will receive them, and what else the Apostles had by Inspiration of the Holy Spirit, after Christs Ascension, concerning the ordering of his Churchse, and rightly constituted Offi­ces, or concerning any thing else which are recorded in the Scri­ptures, we readily embrace.

And I may request the Doctor to take heed how he grafts any other Commandments for any purpose on Christ, but what are written in his Word, and if there be no such Commandment, from Christ in the Word for that purpose, for his Apostles to fix ano­ther Epocha from his Resurrection; Why does the Doctor affirm it, if his Cause were good? yet such means to defend it I think cannot be justified, and such affirmations in Facts material to the main question, I think ought to be reproved.

As to what is said p. 62. That not one jott or tittle of the law, meaning the Decalogue, is destroyed (I think he means that in Matth. 5. 17, 18.) but doth still continue in force, and that we are all under that Law, as to the substance of the Duty.

I Reply, that he there again acknowledges that we are all un­der that Law, that is, under the Ten Commands, and that they still continue in force.

And if so, I would ask the Doctor one Question, who asks me Divers.

Who can resolve us what is, and what is not Substance in Gods Commands, but God himself who gave them? he knows what bad work several have made by endeavouring to mangle them, especially those of the first Table, and indeed those of both Tables.

For what is said p. 62. that Matth. 24. 20. Pray that your flight be not in winter, nor on the sabbath day, which flight was about thirty eight Years after Christs Resurrection, that that makes no­thing at all to my purpose.

I think a fair answer to that is in the Enquiry, p. 73. 74 to which I add, that we cannot as well argue from hence, that it were a Sin to Labour in Winter, as on the Sabbath day, as the Doctor, p. 63. for that the Sabbath and Winter stand on diffe­rent Reasons, which are obvious; the Sabbath was commanded, and the Winter bad to fly in because of the Cold, Wet, &c. and work was not forbidden in Winter, which was forbidden on the Sabbath, as the Doctor knows; and so Matth. 24. 20. feems to the purpose, for the Sabbath was to continue by that Text, after the Death of Christ.

Pag. 63. my many other little Excursions, as little to the pur­pose he will not name, which is a short way of answering.

But says I take great pleasure to expose the name of Sunday, by which name for distinction, I sometimes call it, as himself does often, which (if he pleaseth) he may henceforth call the First day, its true name, as I often do, and other snubbing of Sun­day (as the Doctor there) I remember none, but he often calls the Lords Sabbath by a reflecting addition, which I often pass by without snubbing again.

He says, 'Tis true, some of the Heathens did Worship the Sun, but that they did it more on Sunday then on Monday, or Tuesday is more then he knows, or I can prove.

For, Reply to which see Enquiry, p. 88, 89, 90. And for his, and others satisfaction herein, I refer them to Mr. Chafies Learn­ed Tract on the Fourth Command, Reprinted 1692. which Re­printing I think of use, being a Learned and Moderate Tract, [Page 56] tho I think Mr. Chafie is out in the main Question about the Se­venth day, but helps much to prove the Worshipping the Sun weekly upon Sundays, and many other Truths.

In which Tract, Mr. Chafie, p. 20. chap. 9. does shew, that the Assyrians (which seems to have been before Moses, and one of the first Heathenish Dominions) and that all Nations Wor­shipped the Sun, with which Idolatry, he says, the Aegyptians, and many of the Israelites and generally other Nations were in­fected, where p. 23. Mr. Chafie tells us, That those Sun-Worship­pers, on what Days of the Week they gave especial Worship to the Sun or Moon, those Days were called by the Names of the Day of the Sun, that is Sunday, and the Day of the Moon, that is Monday.

So as Sunday is a very ancient day of the Week, and by him it appears they did very anciently divide their time by Weeks; which ancient weekly Sun-Worship, I think is proved by the Prohibition, Deut. 4. 19. See also Ezek. 8. 16. 2 Kings 23. 5. Deut. 17. 3, &c.

In which 9th Chap. of Mr. Chafie's, we have also, how the Heathens always Worshipped towards the Sun rising, pag. 26. 27, 28, 29. which Authorities the Doctor may easily sind.

Mr. Chafie says, not any Nation of Note under Heaven, but adored the Sun as their God (the Sun was King, and the Moon was Queen, but the Sun was Trump). The Chaldeans, Persians, Aegyptians, Phenecians, Trojans, Grecians, Romans, Scythians, Ae­thiopians, Tartars, &c. all Worshipped the Sun.

And p. 71. Mr. Chafie says, That Sunday was so called from our Heathen Ancestors, who called this day (that is Sunday) so in honour of the Sun, whom they Worshipped upon Sunday.

And p. 30. Mr. Chafie tells us, That to take off the Israelites from this Idolatry, the Lord used this means for one, that they should not have the day of the Sun (that is, Sunday) for the day of his Wor­ship, but the day before, (that is, the Seventh day) which I think refers to the time of the 16th or 20th of Exodus, which proves not only the Observation of the Seventh day by the Israelites, but of Sunday by the Heathens, and that very anciently, and that continually in the weekly Circulation of Days, to this day, tho' I think Mr. Chafie be out about the change of the Seventh day, as before and after.

And Mr. Chafie chap. 15. p. 59. gives the Testimony of divers Ancient and Learned Writers, which shew that the day of the Sun with the Gentiles was a Week-day, even the same which Mathematici, the Mathematicians (of old) called Sunday, which seem sufficient Proofs, that the Sun was Worshipped on Sunday, and that weekly, and that very anciently.

Which 9th. and 15th. Chapters of Mr. Chafie, I think might give satisfaction, that all Nations of Note under Heaven Wor­shipped the Sun, and that very anciently, as far back at least as the time of Moses, and that upon Sunday, and that towards Sun­rising, that is, towards the East, and that weekly, whilst the Israelites Worshipped weekly towards the West, upon the Seventh day.

And Mr. Chafie, p. 32. chap. 10. tells us, That the Holy Place, (or Holy of Holies) in the Temple at Jerusalem was towards the West, and that when Worshippers Prayed there, and Bowed, their Po­steriors were towards the Sun-rising, and their Faces Westward, and that Temple was built by the Lords special Direction.

Which is one of the means (assigned by Mr. Chafie) God used to take off the Israelites from Worshipping the Sun, so Sun-Wor­ship was long before that.

Which Tract of Mr. Chafie, I shall a little further consider af­terward.

Pag. 65, 66, 67. the Doctor considers the Names of our Days, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, which being now the known Names of the Days, he thinks we need no more scruple the use of these Names, then to talk of Pope Pious, Clement, &c. Which I think he gives as answer to what is in the Enquiry, p. 90. against those Names of Days, whose Original the Doctor agrees to be from Hea­thenish Idols.

To which I Reply, from one of the Texts quoted in the En­quiry, Exod. 23. 13. Make no mention of the names of other Gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth, which Learned Mr. Chafie p. 30. l. 25. 26, 27. thinks refers to the Idol Names of the Days of the Week, which also proves the Antiquity of Sunday, and the Antiquity of Weeks. And the changing those Names of Days I remember, was propounded by some of the Reformers, about the beginning of the Reformation in England: And Pope Sylvester, the first of that Name, hating the Name and Memory [Page 58] of the Gentile Gods, gave order that the Days should be called by the Name of feriae, as I remember they are named in the Centuries.

And it seems to me in this, and some other cases, the main Doubt is, Whether we shall be ruled by the Word or no?

And the Names of our Days of the Week being Idolatrous, as the Doctor agrees; I did in the Enquiry, p. 90. upon the oc­casion of Sunday, say a little about them, upon which the Doctor expatiates, and falls hard upon Scruples.

Now causeless Scruples I yield are a Weakness, but a true Conscientious Tenderness of Mind, not to offend God in any thing, wherein his Will in his Word is made known, is as I think, one of the most excellent Frames in Man. And if the Doctor under his Notion of Scruples, thinks to reflect upon Conscientious Obedience to the Word, or any part thereof, (which I hope he does not) he will be much to blame, and God having so expresly forbidden the mention of the Names of Idols, as these were by which the Days are called Sunsday, Moonsday, Tuiscosday, Wodensday, Thorsday, Frizasday, Sa­turnsday.

And having also expresly given us in his Word, the proper true Names of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh Days, which Seventh day is called the Sabbath through­out the Scriptures, how ever that may seem to the Doctor, I make no Scruple to call the Days of the Week by the same Names as the Lord calls them; and if the Doctor will retain the old Idol Names without Scruple, notwithstanding his own acknowledgement whence they are, and notwithstanding the Word against them, I cannot help it, and it seems to me the most subtile of those, who are so fond of holding fast the Idol Names of Days, do doubt the consequence of laying them a­side, as if it might by degrees introduce both true Names and Things.

What is said p. 68. 69, 70. (upon the occasion of Scruples) about Spiritual Worship, and Worshipping in Spirit and in Truth, I think does much concern all that fear God. But because he does not speak out directly, but only falls upon Scrupulosities, and Shadows, and Circumstances seemingly, though I think it pretty plain what he reflects upon, I shall reply but a little to that, and do refer the Reader to the Enquiry, p. 32. where he may find in few words what I think from the second Command (be­sides [Page 59] many other Scriptures) of Forms of Worship, Graven, Printed, or Written, and not instituted by the Lord, but in­vented.

And in Reply to another, I think Luke 11. 2. compared with Matth. 6. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. about the Lords Prayer, that the same Cautions of, into thy Closet, shut thy Door, and in secret, and in se­cret, &c. Matth. 6. 6. do refer to, and explain Luke 11. 2. By which Cautions I think he should be governed, and Enquiry, p. 32. he may see what I think from Eph. 5. 18, 19. Col. 3. 16. about singing; all which, and much more, some may count little things, Scruples, and causeless Scruples, nice Speculations, and needless Scrupulosities, whereby (as such may pretend) men are diverted from the Substantials of serious Religion, and spiritual Worship, which I think are very hard Reflections.

Now I doubt, that not only the Romish World, but some others not of that way, as far as I can discern, are yet at some distance from their Duty in those cases, who are held to the Frames wherein they walk by the Authority of Men, and who for years past, have taken a liberty to comply with the Worship of the Country where they live, and take all down without chewing, as they find them, and so I doubt esteem those who differ from them (who upon the most diligent Search, and long Experiance, Worship God as they think, according to the Word) as scrupu­lous, and as standing for little Circumstances and Shadows, and so Conscientious, Lively, Spiritual Worshipping as but Shadows, and not substance of Christian Worship, and such Worshippers, as diverters of others from serious Religion, many of whose Rods do yet bud and blossom, and bring forth Almonds, which if God so please, I shall be heartily glad to hear of their Rods who reflect upon them.

Which little Circumstances and Shadows as they are called, do not at all, as some pretend, influence the substance of spiri­tual Worship, but are meer scruples, and minute things; and here it seems we have some thoughts of spiritual Prayer, &c. as before of Preaching. And thus the very Life and Power of Christian Worship is, as I think, reflected upon by some who have Frames of right Worship, 2 Tim. 3. 5. and some of them correct Frames, that is, who have a way of Worship which has some similitude, or likeness to right Worship) who change their Glory for that which doth not profit, and drink the Waters of other Rivers instead of Living Fountains, between which seve­ral [Page 60] Waters there is an internal difference, as great and manifest, as there is between good, wholesome, running and living Springs, and dead Water, which may be some short and weak Reply to the Reflections before mentioned.

And if it were not to avoid offence, I had written, and might write more on this subject, which so much concerns all Mankind certainly, to know how to Worship Jehovah aright, and which for all Mankind, Ministers and others, old and young, who have the Scriptures of the Old and New-Testament, and common Sence, and can speak, and are by Grace made willing, is de­monstrably as easie to be put in practice without Crutches, and to be taught even to Children, without more adoe, as for such to be taught, for just Reasons, to speak for any thing they stand in need of, and would desire another, in whose power it is to give unto them.

And upon this occasion I had thought on some Lines about Swearing to a Point, and about abjuring Endeavours, whether lawful, peaceable, and honest Praying and Preaching Endea­vours be excluded, but to avoid offence have crossed them out.

And to return: Tho it be all one to the Doctor, whether the days be called Saturday, Sunday, or Alpha, Beta, Gamma, in this we differ a little, he takes them as it seems, as he finds them in the World, and I take them as I find them in the Word, and I know no principle amongst men, which does so effectually an­swer, and cure all blamable scruples, and unquietnesses of Mind, as a sincere Obedience to all the Wills of God, which he that will do shall know, John 7. 17. which I doubt taking all as one, finds them, though it may lull in security, will never per­form.

Pag. 66. He blames the whole of Judicial Astrology, as pre­carious, and only a Trick to amuse credulous People, and make a gain of them, which is truly blameable, yet amongst two sorts of People is now very common.

As to what is said p. 68. about meeting once upon a Sabbath day, besides Morning and Evening Worship, &c.

I Reply, that I think that most for the real Service of God, and the Good of his People, which God has directed in his Word, which Rule, unless some necessity intervene, will be al­ways found free from all Inconveniences; and for that I refer the Reader to the Enquiry, p. 83. 84. Almost all the Questions in these Papers depend much upon this, Whether Man shall be al­lowed to be wiser then God?

Pag. 69. Whether to begin the Sabbath at Six or Twelve a Clock at Night? he thinks a thing not worth contending a­bout.

And if it be so small a thing, not worth contending about, Why does he not begin it when the Lord began it, that is in the Evening? one would think that none should differ with the Lord over all for a small thing, and of so little worth, when he has in his Word plainly told us his Will.

And tho he thinks it not much more, whether on this, or that day, so the Sabbath be well kept, I do not yet know what he means by well keeping, but the words, this or that day, seem in him very indifferent to either, and I doubt will make any Man of that mind very cold in well keeping it.

I think with the Doctor, we are to avoid foolish Questions, and to study things which make for true Peace, which Gods Word when it is obeyed, does most certainly do, and the foolish Questions are those which cross his Law and Word, and are con­trary to it, and striving against his Law and Word, is one of the worst Fruits of the Flesh, which Wars against his Will, and (to use some of his Words) in whomsoever that Temper is found (I doubt) it is for want of true Love, and other Fruits of the Holy Spirit.

And when some study to spin out Disputes into so fine a Thread as to make the day begin and end at one time, which God has so firmly settled to begin and end at another, Gen. 1. 5, 8, 13, 19, 23, 31. and to make the Week days all uncertain, which is which, &c. is to make that dark and difficult, which the Scri­ptures and Works of God have made plain.

I think within, we complain of the Romanists (and I think of others also) and deservedly, for loading their Worship with Ceremonies, the number of which (besides that they are meer humane Inventions, and so of no spiritual Use) are a burden which has broken down many eminently Holy and Learned in this Age, and which divert the Mind from Spiritual Worship.

And I think it also somewhat of the same Mischief, when Mens Minds are amused with uncertain dark Speculations, whereby they are endeavoured to be turned away from plain and easie Obedience, and Ground is layen for perpetual Doubts and Scruples, whilst the Word says one thing, and some of great Learning and Influence do and teach another.

And as to the Point in question, I may say (as the Doctor p. 70.) I have upon the whole said, as I weakly can, so much as I think may satisfie others, if they consider it without Prejudice, a temper which the Holy Spirit can give his People, and I know when men have long espoused a Notion by which they have a benefit, which Notion, if they let go, they loose or endanger that benefit.

It is no great wonder if they go on in their old way, till God does awaken them, but whether they go on with or without Doubts and Scruples, I know not.

Nor do I know any thing can be so plainly said, no, not from direct Word and Law of God, which by an Ingenious and Learned Man, may not be cavilled at, if he be so minded, and God will suffer him, and when the Lord has, as it seems to me, so plainly declared his Will, if some will not submit to it, who else can help it?

And when I have thus said, I leave the Success to the Lord.

Pag. 71. he mentions a late Book on this Subject, to which I had drawn such Answer as I then could, before I saw the Doctor's, but finding, as far as I remember, nothing therein in this case but what is offered with great Advantage by the Doctor, or what may be answered by observing Readers. I think to say but a little more to it.

P. 5. of his Preface, he says, Suppose the Authors (he means the Au­thor of the Enquiry) Notion be Orthodox, and the contrary (that is, his own) Heterodox, he gives us the pernicious tendencies thereof.

That is, as I understand him, suppose it to be the mind of Christ, and a Sound and Orthodox Opinion, that the Seventh day is the true Christian Sabbath (which is a fair, and I think a true Sup­position) yet he is against the Communicating of it as pernici­ous (which seems to me somewhat harsh) and suppose his own Opinion Erroneous and Heterodox; yet he is for it, and would not, as I understand him, have it contradicted: to which I only Reply, that I doubt the ancient Prophets, the Apostles, and the Reformers from Rome, &c. were not of that mind.

In his little Book, he has these and other Reflections on the Author of the Enquiry, or on that he there offers, or on those who receive it, &c.

As Judaical, fanciful, baffled, absurd, Heterodox, and impi­ous, scrupulous, superstitious, a Weed, and Thorn, rotten Pre­mises, sandy Foundations, false Measures, Proofs invalid, which it pitties him to see, uncharitable, rigorous, deluded Brain of silly Zealots, impertinency, empty, false Premises, silly Conje­ctures, against all Reason and common Sense, &c. which seem to me blameable.

And he hopes p. 56. himself has written by Gods Assistance and Guidance, and p. 163. by Gods Assistance, and p. 116. by Gods Help. and (he hopes) his Guidance.

Which Expressions I think may be used sometimes, and in some Cases, but men should take heed how they use them, as if they were divinely inspired, when they use them so interwo­ven.

Pag. 70. to p. 79. the Doctor sums up what he has offered, with all the advantages of a Learned Man, (as he sometimes does before) with new words, on which I might make some Re­marks.

In that about the Fifth Command, p. 82. he tells us, His Hu­mane Law, that is to determine who is to be reputed the Father, and this he applys, first to natural Parents, which as cases may be put, may fall very heavy upon many Children, whose Parents were married, but not according to Human Law.

And that General Rule from Humane Law, if I mistake him not, he understands as determining the Law of God, for he says, p. 81. There be many things which the Word of God, or the Divine Law doth determine in Thesi (that is in a general Position) which when (in Hypothesi) they come in practice, will require the inter­vention of Prudentials, or Humane Laws, and he there, and p. 82. [Page 64] puts cases upon the Eighth, Seventh, Sixth, and Fourth Com­mands.

So his General Rule is applyed to Laws in both Tables.

And what he there says as to Natural Parents, the like he says as to other Superiours, as well as Natural Parents, and those Laws which seem absolute (says he) have yet their tacit Limitati­ons implyed.

To which I Reply.

That I think every Man should beware how he sets up Humane Laws, to determine against Gods Law in any case, for if Gods Law determine one thing to be a Duty or a Sin, and Mans Law determine the contrary, we are I think to obey God, Acts 4. 19. whose Laws are Superiour to all Humane Laws.

And he that in the Duties required in either Table, does al­low the intervening, or coming in of Prudentials, or Humane Laws to controul or to determine the Word of God, or the Di­vine Law, under that colour, or tacit Limitations implyed, and of room for Prudence to interpose, does, I doubt, unlord the Word and Law of God, Mark 7. 13. (which unlording the Word, or making it of no effect, Mark 7. 13. is also spoken by our Lord there, in the case of the Fifth Command, v. 9. to 13.) and does open a gap to enervate that Law of God.

So that for any to say, that his Hunane Law that is to deter­mine who is to be reputed my civil Parent, that is, who is my lawful Prince (whatever the Law of God determines in that case) under the subtile Words of Room, for Prudence to inter­pose, and of tacit Limitations implyed, I doubt reserves a li­berty inconsistent with the Word and Law of God, and very hard to be defended.

For with those Limitations, and if Humane Laws shall deter­mine the Divine Laws; in some Parts of the World bad Men may find Pretences for the rankest Atheism, Theism, Arria­nism, and Blasphemy against the Holy Spirit, notwithstanding the First Command, for the foulest Corruptions and Invasions on Christian instituted Spiritual Worship, notwithstanding the Second, for the highest Prophanations of the Name of the Di­vine Majesty, notwithstanding the Third, as well as for pollu­ting the Sabbath, notwithstanding the Fourth, and for Rebelli­on, Murder, Adultery, Stealing, False-witnessing, and Covet­ting, notwithstanding the other Six. And so it seems to me, such [Page 65] Limitations, &c. have need of many Cautions to correct them.

Now before I answer the Doctor's two Expedients, I first Reply to somewhat more I find in Mr. Chafie's Learned Tract.

Mr. Chafie in p. 2. of his Epistle, says, That Christ the Son of God, hath taken away the Jews Sabbath, and Established another, contrary to what God the Father instituted, &c.

Now, tho I hope he was a very Good, as well as a Learned Man, yet he seems not to have then had clear Apprehensions of Christ, as creating the World, and then resting, nor of Christ, as instituting the Sabbath, Gen. 2. 2, 3. nor of Christ confirming the Moral Law at Synai, &c. Exod. 20. nor of Christ making it perpetual, in Matth. 5. 18. Luke 16. 17.

And in that Tract Mr. Chafie speaks of one Sabbath at the Creation, another in Exod. 16. and another at the Resurrection of Christ; by which Notion he makes (to have been) three Sabbaths, from whom I think the Doctor takes up (if I mistake him not) the like opinion of three Sabbaths, wherein I think they are both out, as before. And hereafter for Mr. Chafie's Notion of one Seventh-day-Sabbath at the Creation, and ano­ther Seventh-day Sabbath in Exod. 16. I doubt would make two Seventh-day-Sabbaths in one Week of seven Days, which seems to me inconsistent, and would make the First day more uncer­tain also, besides the uncertainties of the Doctor.

Mr. Chafie's opinion, p. 19, 20. That God hath not bound men to any set time to begin their Week; and chap. 8. p. 18. he says, The Law-giver himself hath plainly pointed out unto us in this Law, that is, in the Fourth Command, which is the Lords Day, or Sabbath of the Lord, and that is the day following the six days of Labour (with Men) and that in every nation, however they begin their Week, the Se­venthday thereof is the Lords, p. 20. l. 9. p. 44. l. 6, 7. and his Epi­stle, p. 7. l. 4. and that the Seventh day is not to be reckoned from the six days of God's Labour, but from the six days of Labour with Men; and so also in his Postscript; but doth acknowledge chap. 11. p. 35. it hath been the general opinion, not only of the Vulgar, but of the Learned also (which opinion of the Learned I think is right) that the Seventh day commanded us in this Law, hath Relation on­ly to the six Work-days of the Lord God, and not to the six Work-days with Men; which opinion of Mr. Chafie's for Mans Day, is, I think, contrary to Gen. 2. 2. for on the seventh day God [Page 66] ended his work, &c. and rested the seventh day from all his work▪ so as twas the six days God wrought, which were the six Work­ing-days, and the Seventh day God rested, when he ended his Work, which was and is the Holy and Blessed Sabbath, which first appointment of the Lord I find no where changed, and so Exod. 20. 9, 10, 11. Six days shalt thou labour, but the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord, in it thou shalt not do any work, &c. For in six days the Lord made Heaven and Earth, and rested the seventh day, wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and made it holy; and so it seems very plain, that the six, Working-days are those on which the Lord wrought, and the Resting, or Sabbath day, that which the Lord made Holy, and Blessed, and on which he Rested.

And Mr. Chafie in chap. 12. says, God by his Law tyeth all Nati­ons, that at what time soever they begin the Week, they work not on the Seventh day, but sanctifie it.

Which would be true if men began the Week as the Lord directed in Gen. 1. but else by that Rule of Mr. Chafie's, Friday in Turkey (being their weekly Sabbath) the Christians living in Turkey, are bound by the Fourth Command to sanctifie Friday, (i. e.) the sixth Day of the Week, as the Lords Sabbath day, be­cause the Turks there so do.

And by the same Rule, those Christians who live in any Hea­then Nation, where they Worship the Sun, and observe Sunday, there they must keep Sunday, and Sanctifie it, because the Hea­thens where they live so do.

And those Christians who live in those Christian Provinces, who keep the Seventh day, must keep the Seventh day as the Lords Day, because others so keep it, and for that reason. And the like of those who live in any part of the World amongst the Israelites.

And those Christians who live in those Christian Countries where they keep the Seventh-day-Sabbath, and the First day al­so, must keep I know not which of them by Mr. Chafie's Rule. And I take it as agreed, we are not to keep two Days in a Week, and that there are some such people of these sorts, see Enquiry, p. 119, &c.

Which Rule of Mr. Chafie's, to resolve which is the Sabbath day commanded by the Practice of the Country where we live, and that God hath not bound men when to begin their Week, is to set up Mans Day, as it seems to me, against the Lords [Page 67] Day, and I think the Doctor writes by, for he seems to take it as he finds it.

Which Rule I doubt will agree neither with the letter or mean­ing of Gen. 2. 2, 3. or of the Fourth Command.

What Mr. Chafie objects, That by the different Horizons, where­ever Paradice was (which p. 17. he says is unknown) no man can tell in the place where he liveth, when to begin the Day of Gods resting at the Creation.

I Answer, if our Sabbath did begin at the same instant of time that Gods first Rest did, and Men were obliged to that in­stant, then that were an hard objection.

But I know no place in the Word where it is said, that every Sabbath afterward was to begin the same moment or time that the first Sabbath began in Paradice, or at Synai, &c. Nor do I remember any thing so offered in any Writer. But that the Sab­bath then did, and that Sabbaths afterward were to begin in the Evening everywhere, as Time was distributed into Days at the Creation, I think is before shewn, and that every Day of the Week began in the Evening, and lasted from Evening to Even­ing, and that the Days began at or about Sun-set, and supposing the Darkness and light were the Evening and Morning of the three first Days, Gen. 1. 5, 8, 13. sure the Days then did not be­gin at mid-night, when Darkness began the Day, and Darkness and Light made up the First day, and so the Second day, and so the Third day, which Word I think may settle that Point, that the Days did not begin at mid-night.

Suppose also the Sun Created, as it was the Fourth day, and went round the Earth every day after it was created, as it did, and does to this Day. But on what part of the Fourth day the Sun was created is not certainly revealed that I know.

The Fowls and the Fishes were created upon the fifth day.

And Adam was created on the Sixth day, and being created in the image of God, was made capable of knowing and contemplating the Perfections of him that created him, and of observing, and keeping Holy the Seventh day, which presently after his Creation was Conse­crated, or made Holy, and Blessed, to let him into that Spiritual and Heavenly Life and Rest, which his State of Innoceney made easie and pleasant to him.

And in Reply to one of the Doctor's Expedients, we may also suppose the Sun when set in the Firmament, Gen. 1. 17. travelled Westward round the Earth daily, as it still doth.

Now when the Sun did set the Fourth day, then the Fifth day began at Paradice, and when the Sun did set there next, the Sixth day began there, and when the Sun did next set there, the Seventh day began there, and that first Seventh day was pro­bably as long as the other Days of the Week were, and are.

And as the Posterity of Adam (and so of Noah) travelled East, West, North, or South, by degrees the Earth was over­spread, Gen. 9. 19. and into whatever Country they came, as the Sun did set, so every Day of the Week began, and so on to this day.

I Write as plain as I can.

So as the weekly Seventh day did begin as the Sun did set, in every place round the Earth, from Paradice Westward, till the Sun came about in 24 hours to Paradice again.

And for an instance, and for certainties sake, I will begin with the Eleventh of March, the vernal Aequinox, 1692/3 which falls out to be the Seventh day of the Week.

And the Seventh day at the Creation, did begin as the three First days, and the other Week-days did, that is, in the Evening, as Mr. Chafie, and many other Learned Men do agree, at, or about Sun set, as I think is before shewn, and lasted 24 Hours, from Evening to Evening, according to Gen. 1, and Gen. 2.

And the Sabbath day then was as it still is, proportionably as long as the other Six Days of the Week allowed for Work, or rather wherein we are commanded to work, every of which six Days hath a Night or Darkness, as well as Day Light, in which Night or Darkness, if need be, Men may as lawfully work, as in the Day Light, tho generally the Day is made for Work, and the Night for Rest.

And so the Sabbath day hath an Evening, and a Morning, that is, a Night and Day of Holy Rest, in which Night we may take Rest, as in other Nights.

As for those who begin the Sabbath day in the Morning, they lose the Evening, that is, the Night of that Day, which being no part of the Sixth day, nor (to such) any part of the Seventh day, yet 12 Hours of time between the End of the Sixth, and Morning of their Seventh day, would cease to them to be any part of the Week, if their Opinion would hold who begin the Sabbath in the Morning, unless they continue their Sabbath till the next Morning, and so turn God's first Institution upside down.

Others who begin and end the Sabbath day at mid-night, be­ing [Page 69] then generally asleep at both, when they begin and end it, they cannot tell when they begin or end it, and so must needs loose those Meditations which are peculiar to the one and to the other, and how any can begin or end it at mid night I know not.

But supposing as before, the Evening in all Parts of the Earth, begins and ends the Day, then it is easie for all to know the be­ginning and ending of it.

And as the Evening and Morning made up every Day of the Week in Paradice, so Evening and Morning, as Mankind came about the Earth, made up every Day of the Week everywhere else, and as the Evening of the Seventh day came, so the Sabbath began, and the Sab­bath ended everywhere as the rest of the Days of the Week ended, that is, the Evening after.

And if this be the true Scheme of Days, then somewhere in the Round of the Earth, every Inhabitant of it the 11th. of March, 1692/3. may not only keep the Sabbath, but certainly know when it begins and ends, and will have also their full six Nights and Days in the Week for their Work and Callings.

And so as Adam or his Posterity, and so as Noah or his Poste­rity, travelled into any part of the Earth, East, West, North, or South, where ever they came after six days of Travel, or other Labour, they might, as the Sun did set, Rest the Seventh day.

And all the tying up all parts of the Earth to the precise time or moment of the Lords resting in the Evening of the first Se­venth day at the Creation, and that the Seventh day Sabbath everywhere over the Earth, ever after, must begin and end the same minute the first Sabbath began and ended, whether it be at mid-day, or mid▪night, or any other part of Night or Day, seems a meer cramping of the Question, without any Ground for it that I know from the Word.

Whereas, if the days begin in the Evening, as I think they, do, and if the Evening and the Morning do constitute and make up a day as they do, then all the Scruples raised, when every Day of the Week, and in particular, when the Seventh day-Sabbath, all over the Earth, doth begin, and end, are re­solved, that is, in the Evening, and so the two long days in Jo­shuah's and Ezekiah's times, make no alteration of Days, as in the Enquiry. And so the Evening and the Morning make up e­very Day of the Week to us in England, and to every other Na­tion [Page 70] in the Earth, and for any other certain way to resolve when the days do begin and end, but by Gods first appointment, I know not, for else it would put the most skilful Mathematici­ans everywhere to a stand, when to begin and end the Days, and leave all Computations of Days, and Weeks, and Time in uncertainties and great disorder.

I take the 11th. of March the vernal Aequinox, because Astro­nomers agree the Sun to be then in the Aequator, as it is the 11th. of September, at the Autumnal Aequinox, at which times, the Days and Nights are by them said to be equal all over the Earth.

And if I had supposed the Sun in his Declination to either of the Topicks, the various Climates, and obliquity of the Hori­zon, might have occasioned disputes, which, what I can, I a­void, and therefore take the 11th. of March, 1692/3.

Nor do I enquire the place of Paradice, where it is, about which there are many disputes, which place Learned Mr. Chafie confesseth is not known.

And if we know not where Paradice is, then I cannot begin to give Instances of the Scheme before from thence, but if it lies East or West from Mount Synai, that will make some diffe­rence of time in the beginning and end of Days at Synai, and at Paradice, and yet not alter the days of the Week in either, for that the Seventh day of the Week in Paradice, was, is, and will be in the weekly Circulation of days, the Seventh day of the Week there.

And the Seventh day in the Week at Synai, though it may differ in degrees of Longitude from Paradice, yet was, is, and will be in the weekly Circulation of Days, the Seventh day of the Week at Synai; and so of the rest of the Days there and in every other place, as in Aegypt, Exod. 5. 5. where the Israelites kept the Sabbath, and Exod. 16. 1, 23, to 30. in the Wilderness of Sin.

And yet notwithstanding that difference in Degrees between Paradice and Aegypt, and the Wilderness, and Synai, that made no difference between them, as to the beginning or ending of Days.

In Paradice the Seventh day (as the First, Second, and other Week-days) began in the Evening, and ended the next Evening, and so the Seventh day in Aegypt, in the Wilderness, and at Sy­nai, began in the Evening, and ended the next Evening. And [Page 71] at all those places, according to appointment at the making of the World, Gen. 1. and Gen. 2. notwithstanding the different Degrees or Minutes there might be of the Sun-setting at Para­dice, and at those places.

The Lord who knows all his own Works, the Beginning or Head of whose Word is Truth, Gen. 1. 1. Psal. 119. 160. The entrance of whose words will give light, Psal. 119. 130. Blessed and made holy the seventh day▪ Sabbath, Gen. 2. 3. at Paradice.

And blessed and made holy the seventh day at Synai, Exod. 20. 11, 12. although it is likely there are some Degrees or Minutes between.

But how ever that be, yet we are pretty certain by the Maps where Synai was, and is, and where Jerusalem was and is.

And according to the common received Principles of Astro­nomy, fifteen Degrees making an Hour, Jerusalem is situate a­bout six Degrees in Longitude, Westward from Synai, and so the Sun sets at Jerusalem, after his setting at Synai, twenty four Mi­nutes of an Hour, or thereabout, that is, two fifth parts of an Hour, Westward from Synai, and yet that difference in the be­ginning of the Seventh day at Synai, and of the Seventh day at Jerusalem, made no alteration of the beginning or ending of the Seventh day-Sabbath at either.

The same Seventh day which was commanded to be remem­bered to be kept Holy at Mount Synai, and which was repeated by Moses in Deuteronomy near Jordan, which place near Jordan may be about twenty two Minutes of Longitude from Synai, was certainly remembered and kept Holy by the Israelites, at Mount Zion in Jerusalem, with this difference, that the Seventh day be­gan at Jerusalem, twenty four Minutes of an Hour after it began at Synai, and some Minutes after it began near Jordan, which made no alteration of Days at either, but the Seventh day at Synai began in the Evening, twenty four Minutes of an Hour before it began at Jerusalem, and at Jerusalem, the Seventh day began twenty four Minutes of an Hour Westward, after it be­gan at Synai, and yet was the Seventh day in both, and began in the Evening at both, that is, at or about Sun set at both, not­withstanding the difference in time of twenty four Minutes, which may a little direct how to find when the Seventh day doth begin, and so of the rest of the Days every where.

This may be illustrated by further Instances, and for certain­ties sake, I will set out, and begin to reckon from Jerusalem, [Page 72] where they observed the true Seventh day Westward (without setting a Meridian there, altho it be Arbitrary, as the Doctor acknowledgeth, and may be set where we will) and by degrees bring the Account round the Earth to Jerusalem again.

From Jerusalem to Colosse, are about seven Degrees, that is, twenty eight Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Ephesus 9 Degrees, that is, 36 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Antioch, where Paul and his Company kept the Sabbath, Acts 13. 13, 14, 15, 16, 27, 42. q?.

From Jerusalem to Philippi, now ruined and desolate, which was situated on the confines of Thrace, are about 14 Degrees, that is, 56 Minutes, where they kept the Sabbath, Acts 16. 12, 13, 14.

From Jerusalem to Corinth, are about 17 Degrees, that is, 1 Hour and 8 Minutes, yet this difference of time, and so of be­ginning of the Sabbath, made no alteration of the Sabbath, where they also kept the Sabbath, Acts 18. 1, 4.

As they did also as Thessalonica, Acts 17. 1, 2. where the Sun sets about 1 Hour and 10 Minutes after it sets at Jerusalem.

And every where as the Sun did set, so the Sabbath day, as e­very other Day of the Week did begin and end as before.

From Jerusalem to Warsaw in Poland, are about 22 Degrees, that is, 1 Hour and 28 Minutes difference of Sun-setting.

From Jerusalem Westward to Vienna, are about 29 Degrees, that is, 1 Hour 56 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Rome, are about 30 Degrees, that is, 2 Hours.

From Jerusalem to Amsterdam, are about 40 Degrees (i. e.) 2 Hours and 40 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Paris, are 44 Degrees, that is, 2 Hours 56 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to London, are about 48 Degres, that is, 3 Hours and 12 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Edinburgh, 49 Degrees, that is, 3 H. 16 Min.

From Jerusalem to Dublin, about 53 Degrees, that is, 3 Hours and 32 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to Lisbon, are about 57 Degrees, that is, 3 Hours and 48 Minutes.

From Jerusalem to New England, are about 120 Deg. that is, 8 H.

I have passed over the first Meridian (which is Arbitrary as be­fore) and follow the Sun as it goes round the Globe of the Earth, till it comes about to Jerusalem again, which as to this way of ac­counting, I think makes no alteration.

And all these differences in Hours and Minutes, from the set­ting of the Sun at Jerusalem, and the setting of the Sun in all these before-mentioned, and all other places in the Earth, make no alteration of the Days, or of the Sabbath, all which begin every where, as the Sun sets every where, and when the Sun every where did set, so the Sabbath day, as every other Day of the Week did begin and end as before.

I still follow the Sun from Jerusalem to Japan, the Sun may be said to set seventeen Hours at Japan, after it sets at Jerusalem, and when the Sun sets at Japan, then the Seventh day begins at Japan▪ 11 of March, 1694/5.

And from Japan (to pass over the other Meridian and Rest of the Land in Asia) to Jerusalem again, about seven Hours.

And so from Jerusalem, as the Sun goeth round the Earth to Jerusalem again, are 24 Hours, that is, from the Sun-setting at Jerusalem the 11th of March, 169 [...]/ [...]. to the Sun-setting at Jerusa­lem the 12th of March, 169 [...]. are 17 Hours from Jerusalem to Japan, and 7 Hours from Japan to Jerusalem, and 17 and 7 are 24 Hours, the Evening and the Morning which make up the Day.

Which Scheme does, as I weakly can, travel round the World, and if it be right in the main, may answer some Doubts about the Days in this case. And if I mistake, I think I do not wilful­ly mistake, in which account I had no help from Globes, and so I have no great assurance, but that there may be mistakes, and I am content to be corrected by the Learned Doctor, who excels in Astronomy, in Geography, and I think in most other Learning. Or any other Ingenious, Unprejudiced and Skilful, who may find mistakes in the Degrees of Longitude, and in the Hours or Minutes, which however I think may not hurt the Opinion built upon it, that the difference in the time of the Sun setting in any of, and all those places, and so of all other places in the Earth, the 11 of March, 1692/3. makes no alteration in the be­ginning or ending of the Sabbath day, supposing as before, that day (with the rest of the Days of the Week) did begin at the Creation, and does still begin and end about the time of the Sun▪ setting, and suppose also that beginning and ending never alter­ed since the Creation to this day.

And if this be so, it seems demonstrable, that every Day of the Week began every where in the Evening; and to the Seventh day also round the World as the Sun did set.

The Doctor's other expedient, he would have me begin my Week on Monday, and then Sunday will be the Seventh day, I suppose he means if I can tell seven. But if the Doctor please to begin the Week as God begins it, Gen. 1. 5. and if he reckon on v. 8. 13, 19, 23, 31, as God does, he will find Gen. 2. 2, 3. the Seventh day to be the Sabbath, and as it seems to me, to begin in the Evening.

And in lieu of his two Expedients, I will with his Favour, ad­vise him and others two things,

1st. Upon the Fourth Command, Exod. 20. 8, 9. To take heed how they assume a liberty to alter any Command of God, or any jot or tittle thereof, because of Mat. 5. 18, 19. & Rev. 22. 18, 19, &c.

2dly. Upon the Second Command: Whatever be the manner of Worship in the place where he or they live, unless they be sure that for Matter and Manner it be according to Christs Institutions: That they beware how they take it as they there find it, which though it may be a probable means of worldly Advantages, yet I have some doubt, it is no sound Rule to Worship by, because the Lord thy God is a jealous God, visiting iniquity, &c. and shewing mercy to those who love him, and keep his commandments, Exod. 20. 4, 5, 6. & Deut. 5. 8, 9, 10, &c.

And upon the whole, I think not A, but the Seventh-day-Sabbath was observed by the Lord, Gen. 2. 2, 3. and afterward by the Patriarchs, by Moses, and by the Israelites in Aegypt, and in the Wilderness of Sin, where they had Mannah, and at Mount Synai, and at Mount Zion in Jerusalem and to the end of the Old Testament, to whom the Lord made known his sabbath, Neh. 9. 13, 14. his Sabbaths as before, and to whom he gave them as a sign, and as an everlasting covenant, and that not A, but, The Sabbath was ob­served perfectly and constantly by Christ during his life, which I think proves it not forgotten, nor altered to his time, and that not A, but The Sabbath was observed by his Disciples, inspired by the Holy Spirit after his Resurrection, and Ascension, which also proves it not forgotten, nor altered then.

And as their losing the Knowledge, which was the Seventh day, is not in the Word that I know, so the certain Seventh day, was preserved by all Nations, Worshipping the Sun on Sun­day, Mr. Chafie, p. 20, &c. and all the Israelites before Christ, and all the Jews since (that we can read or hear of) and some Christians still keep not A, but The Seventh day, and many Christians keep the first day, other Christians keep both Seventh and First day, as in the Enquiry; and the early and long Controver­sies about what Days to keep the Passover on, and the Histo­ries, Counsels, Centuries, and our own Records, Ancient and [Page 75] Modern, as in the Enquiry, seem plainly to prove, that the Seventh day was never altered, from Christs time to this day, nor from the Creation to Christs time, and that the Seventh day in England is the same Seventh day varying the Hours and Minutes as before, which was observed by Christ, which was made perpetual by Christ, which was observed at Mount Zion, which was given at Synai, and which was blest and made holy at the Creation, Gen. 2.

And here I might also observe, that the Doctor neither denys nor answers the Authorities in the Enquiry, for observing the Sab­bath, 400 and 700 years, &c. after Christ, and for the changing the Seventh day to the First day by Rome, &c. not the clear Evi­dence for the first bringing in the First day into Scotland, by a Counsel there above 1200 years after Christ, nor that of the King and Nobles of England here to like purpose, Enquiry p. 106. to 114, &c.

Nor that how all our Antient and Modern Records in Eng­land to this day, call the Seventh day of the Week the Sabbath day, Enquiry, p. 117. to which the Doctor says nothing, nor to that of the many Provinces and one Empire still observing the Seventh day, Enq. p. 119. 120. And all put together, I think may sufficiently disprove the uncertainty which is the Seventh day, which the Doctor so often would leave doubtful against himself, and may prove that our Seventh day of the Week is the true Se­venth day, blessed and made holy at the creation.

And I insist, that Christs Command to keep Holy the Seventh day, not being altered, nor repealed, but with all the rest con­firmed, and made perpetual by him, still binds, as all the rest of the Commands do.

I have passed by divers Expressions in the Doctor's Book, but have not that I know declined any thing that required, as I think, further Reply, and what he objects again, and again I often think it enough to answer to but once. And if I do not fully repeat his Objections or Words at large, it is to make this Reply as short as I can, and the Reader may resort to the Book.

And to conclude: Instead of further summing up what I have weakly written here in Reply to the Learned Doctor and others, as I could, I commend to the Reader a few Scriptures.

Gen. 2. 2, 3, 4. On the seventh day God ended his work which he had made, and he rested the seventh day from all his work which he had made, and God blessed the seventh day, and made it holy, because that in it he had rested from all his work which he had created and made, [Page 76] and so the Sabbath is the day upon which God rested after his Work, and which he Blessed and made Holy, who is, v. 4. Jeho­vah Aelohim, the Lord God, so the Seventh day is the Lords day.

Exod. 16. 29. The seventh-day-sabbath is said to be as it is, a gift, The Lord hath given you the sabbath, and so we should take it as a Gift from him, as his Gift, and as the Lords day

Exod. 20. 8, 9, 10, 11. Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy, &c. The seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God, and so the Seventh day is the Lords day.

Exod. 31. 13. The Lord calls them my sabbaths, verily, my sab­baths ye shall keep, so the Sabbath is the Lords day, it is a sign between me and you, &c. that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctifie you, v. 14. and ye shall keep the sabbath because it is holi­ness to you, v. 15. Six days work shall be done, but the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holiness to the Lord, v. 16. the sabbath, a perpetual co­venant, tis holiness to you, v. 14. and holy to the Lord, v. 15. & v. 16. the sabbath, a perpetual covenant, and v. 17 a sign for ever. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed, so the Seventh day is the Lords day. And v. 18. The Lord gave to Moses to tables of testimony, written with the finger of God. And Exod. 32. 15, 16. the tables were the work of God, and the writing the writing of God, upon which tables of testimony or witness the fourth command was one.

Exod. 35. 2. Six days shall work be done, and on the seventh day it shall be to you holiness.

Lev. 23. 3. Six days shall work be done, but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation, ye shall do no work therein, it is the sabbath of the Lord, &c. so the Seventh day is the Lords day.

Lev. 23. 32. from even unto even shall ye celebrate your sabbath, which I think is directing in an Humiliation day, which is there to begin in the Evening when they were to afflict themselves.

And I think states this part of the Question, when the Days began, that is, in the Evening, and when they ended, that is, at the next Evening, which the Dr. p. 27. thinks, began and ended at mid-night.

In Numb. 15. 32. we have the case of the Man who gathered sticks not A, but The Sabbath day, which is a great, certain, un­deniable example against the least prophaning of the Sabbath day.

Deut. 5. 12. Keep the sabbath day to sanctifie it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee, 13. Six days labour, &c. v. 14. But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God, &c. so the Seventh [Page 77] day is the Lords day of Rest (i. e.) the seventh day is the Lords day, Psal. 119. 1, 6. blessed are those who walk in his law, and in keeping of his commandments there is great reward, Psal. 19. 11.

Esai. 56. 2. Blessed is the man who keepeth the sabbath from pol­luting it, v. 4. 6. from polluting it, Ezek. 20. 13, 16, 24 my sab­bath they greatly polluted, if we would be Blessed, keep his Sab­baths, and dont pollute them, which it seems was Israels Sin, of old.

Esai. 58. 13. If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day, and call the sabbath a delight, or delights, the holy of the Lord (so the Sabbath day is the Lords day) honourable, and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words, v. 14. then shalt thou delight thy self in the Lord, &c. and is not that a desira­ble frame?

Ezek. 22. 1, 2. The word of the Lord, thou hast prophaned my sabbath, v. 26. her Priests have violated my law, &c. and have hid▪ their eyes from my sabbaths. So the Sabbath day is the Lords day.

Ezek. 44. 4, 5, 15, 24. in the prophesie of the new temple there is a promise, that the Priests who shall come near unto the Lord to minister unto him, they shall hallow my sabbaths. So the Sabbath day is the Lords day.

Matth. 5. 17. Think not that I am come to destroy the law, v. 18. For verity I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass, one jot, or one tit­tle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled, dont think that Christ altered one tittle of the Law, and so not one jot or tittle is yet passed from the Law.

Matth. 18. 8. Christ is said to be Lord of the Sabbath day, and if Christ be Lord of the Sabbath day, then the Sabbath day is the Lords day.

Mat. 24. 20. Pray that your flight be not on the sabbath day, which flight was about 38 years after Christs Death, which I think shews it was to continue after his Death, that is, as I think, as long as the World lasts.

Matth. 28. 18, 19, 20. Christ to his Disciples, go teach all nati­ons, teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever I have commanded you, and Christ with the Father and holy Spirit, one Jehovah, gave the commands as before.

Mark 1. 21. after Christs Baptism by John, v. 9. Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Gospel of the Kingdom of God, v. 14. repent ye, and believe the Gospel, v. 15. then he calls Simon, and Andrew, [Page 78] James and John, and they followed him, v. 16 to 20. and they went into Capernaum, and straitway, on the sabbath day, he entered into the Synagogue, and taught, and Mark 2. 27. the sabbath was made for man, for his good, for his spiritual good.

Mark 16. 1, 2. Jesus came into his own country and his disciples follow­ed him, and when the sabbath day was come, he began to preach in the syna­gogue, which also proves the Sab. made for the spiritual use of man.

Luke 4. 16, to 27. in v. 14. (after his being tempted, v. 13.) Jesus returned in the power of the spirit, into Galilee, and v. 15. taught in their Synagogues, and v, 16. he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and as his custom was, he went into the Synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read, and preached the Gospel, v. 17, to 29. and then he came down to Capernaum, and taught them on the sabbath day, besides divers other places in the Evangelists, which do all prove the Sabbath made for the spiritual good of Man. And so I think we have enough to prove that our Lord Jesus Christ kept the Sabbath during his life, and that perfectly; for he was a lamb without spot or blemish, 1 Pet. 1. 19, &c. and that the Seventh day Sabbath was made holy for the spiritual Good of Man.

Luke 16. 17. it is easier for Heaven and Earth to pass, then one tittle of the Law to fail, which one would think are strong words, and of Authority in this case. And Heaven and Earth are not yet passed, and so not one tittle of the Law does yet fail; and if this Scripture be true, as it surely is, it mightily proves the Se­venth day to be the Sabbath, Ezod. 20. 10. which Seventh day in the Fourth Command is more then a tittle.

Luke 23. 54, 55, 56. And when he was Crucified, Dead and Buried, and the Sabbath drew on, the Women followed after, and beheld the Sepulchre, and how his Body was laid, and they returned and prepared Spices and Ointments, and rested, not A, but The Sabbath day, according to the Commandment, that is, according to the Fourth Commandment, and so the Seventh day was not altered then, and so kept not A, but the Sabbath day, af­ter Christs Death and Burial, as in probability all other Believers then did, for I do not remember to have read of any that deny it.

John 14 15. If ye love me keep my commandments, Exod. 20. 6. Deut. 7. 9 John 14. 21. he that hath my commandments and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me, 23. If a man love me he will keep my words.

John 15. 10. If ye keep my commandments ye shall abide in my love, 14. ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. Are we Friends of Christ, and would we abide in his Love, then keep his Commands.

Acts 13. 13, 14. Paul and his Company went into the Syna­gogue at Antioch, on the Sabbath day, and v. 15. After the reading of the law and the prophets, v. 16. Paul stood up and preached Christ to them, from v. 16. to 41. and, v. 42. the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath, not the next Morning upon the First day of the Week, but the next Sab­bath, and so after the Resurrection and Ascension of Christ, and after the Disciples were all filled with the Holy Spirit, Acts 2. 1, 4. Tis certain Paul kept the Sabbath, and Preached to Jews and Gentiles, not upon the First day of the Week, but upon the Sabbath day.

And we have the like Acts 13. 44. the next Sabbath day (not the next Morning) almost the whole City came together to hear the Word of God, and v. 47, 48. as many of the gentiles as were ordained to eternal life believed: so divers Gentiles were here con­verted unto Christ on the Sabbath day, v. 49. the word of the Lord was published throughout all the region, and v. 52. the disciples were fil­led with joy, and with the holy spirit, and is not this a desirable frame? and doe not all these prove that the Sabbath was made for the spiritual good of Man?

And Acts 14, 1. In Iconium, Paul and Barnabas went both toge­ther into the Synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews, and also of the Greeks believed, a great multitude, and v. 3. The Lord gave testimony to the word of his grace, by signs and wonders done by them. Acts 16. 1, 3, 12, 13, 14, 15. at Philippi, Paul and Timothy, on the Sabbath day went out of the City by a Rivers side, where Prayer was wont to be made, and spake to the women which resorted thither, where Lydia was converted, whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul, and was baptized, and her Houshold; which Scriptures with many others, do shew, and I think prove that the Sabbath was not altered, but did continue after Christs Ascension, and was observed.

Acts 17. 1. to 4. at Thessalonica, where was a Synagogue of the Jews, Paul, as his manner was (as Christs manner was Luke 4. 16.) went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures, alledging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the Dead, and that this Jesus whom he preach'd unto them is Christ, and some of them believed; and consorted with Paul and Silas, and of the devout Greeks, that is of the Gen­tiles, a great multitude, and of the the chief Women, not a few [Page 80] were converted to Christ upon the Sabbath day, so the Law for keeping Holy the Sabbath, was not then passed away.

And Acts 18. 1, 2, 4, 5, 19. at Corinth Paul Reasoned, that is (Greek) Preached in the Synagogue every Sabbath, and perswad­ed the Jews and the Greeks, that is, the Jews and Gentiles. And what greater, and stronger, and clearer Evidence and Proof for the Seventh-day-Sabbath can Man desire, then these plain Scri­ptures are? and that it was at first Instituted, Blessed, and made Holy, and throughout the Scriptures of Old and New Testa­ment, used for the conversion and eternal good of Man.

Rom. 3. 31. Do we then make void the law through Faith, be it not, yea, we establish the law. Rom. 7. 12. The law is holy, and just, and good. Rom. 7. 14. we know that the Law is Spiritual. Rom. 10. 4. Christ is the end of the Law for righteousness, to every one that be­lieveth. And 1 Cor. 9. 21. Paul was under the law to Christ, and 1 Cor. 11. 1. he saith, be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ, who 1 Cor. 15. 3. dyed for our sins, and 1 John 3. 4. sin is the transgression of the law, but Gal. 3. 11. no man is justified by the law, v. 13. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the Law, v. 21. Is the law against the promises of God, God forbid, or be it not, v. 24. but our schoolmaster unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith, who Tit. 2. 14. gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all anomy, or contrariety (in Opinion or Conversation) to the law of God, and Heb. 8. 10. the Lord saith, I will put my laws into their minds, and write them in or upon their hearts, which surely is greatly desirable, that his Law be written on our Hearts. And we have the like promise, Heb. 10. 15, 16, 17. saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them, which Law in Jam. 20. 8. is called a Royal Law, that is, the Kingly, Chief, and universal Law, under which all other Laws of God are comprehended, which Christ, the Lord and King over all, hath prescribed and commanded, 1 John 1. 10. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, 1 John 2. 3. and hereby we know that we know him, if we keep his commandments, v. 4. he that saith I know him, and keepeth not his commandments (is mistaken) v. 6. he that saith he abideth in him, ought himself so to walk, even as he walked, and Christ kept the sab­bath, and 1 John 3. 22. whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, and 1 John 5. 3. for this is the love of God, that we keep his com­mandments, 2 Ep. of Joh 6. this is love, that we walk after his commandments, Rev. 12. 17. The Dragon was wroth, and went to make War with those who kept the Com­mandments of God, and have the Testimony of Jesus Christ, and Rev. 14. 1 [...]. Here are those who keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus, and Rev. 22. 14. Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city.



PAge 3. line 28. for Cronologies, read Cronologers, p. 4. l. 5. r. one, p. 5. l. 15. for v. 19. r. v. 16. p. 5. l. 39. r. but, p. 9. l 27. dele and, p. 10. l. 15. for Jashebeth, r. Lashebeth, p. 12. l. 15. for Morah, r. Marah, p. 13. l. 14. dele 22. l. 15. for Exod. 12. 12, 13. r. Exod. 12. 32. p. 15. l. 4. for 23. r. 2, 3. p. 16. l, 28. for 15. r. 14. p. 18. l. 37. dele 14. p. 19. l. 26. for v. 5. r. v. 6. p. 21. l. 1. dele & 42. p. 23. l. 18. for 6. r. 16. l. 21. dele & 21. 46. p. 24. l. 23. for one, r. One, p. 29. l. 40. for Num. 6. r. Num. 9. p. 33. l. 5. for 30. r. 13. l. 35. for 30. r. 13. p. 34. l. 18. dele it, p. 41. l. 23. for sacrificis, r. and sacrifices, p. 46. l. 6. for [...], r. [...], l. 7. for [...], r. [...], p. 47. l. 6. for 15. r. 5. and for [...], [...]. [...], l. 8. for [...], r. [...], l. 9. for [...], r. [...], l. 17. for must be, one, r. must be, are, p. 49. l. 32. dele and, p. 50. l. 6. for Apostles, r. Apostle, l. 9. for day, r. days, l. 14. for other, r. others, p. 53. l. 11. for was, r. is, p. 54. l. 34. for? put▪ p. 58. l. 21. for Anp, r. And, l. 26. dele as, p. 63. l. 31. for His r. 'Tis, p. 64. l. 17. for or, r. of. l. 23. for his, r. 'tis, p. 65. l. 20. r. as before and hereafter, p. 72. l. 30. r. degrees.

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