Catechetical Exercises, OR QUESTIONS and ANSWERS For Youth to Learn, THAT They may better understand THE CHƲRCH CATECHISM, WITH THE CATECHISTS Enlargements upon them.

Ps. 34.11. Come ye Children, hearken un­to me: I will teach you the fear of the Lord.

By Jos. Briggs M. A. and Vic. of Kirkburton in the County of York.

CAMBRIDGE, Printed by Joh. Hayes, Printer to the University; for Edw. Hall Bookseller there. And are to be sold by Luke Meridith, at the Star in St. Pauls Church-Yard London. 1696.


Thomas Browne, Procan.

Jo. Beaumont.

Hen. James.

[modern bookplate]

The Epistle DEDICATORY. TO THE Most Reverend Father in God JOHN, By Divine Providence, Lord Arch-Bishop of YORK, PRIMATE of ENGLAND AND METROPOLITAN.

May it please your Grace,

IT was a Mighty Veneration the first and better Ages had for their Governours, The Guides of their Souls, agree­ably to the Rules of Christianity, and even to the common sense of Mankind; And that quite contrary now-a-dayes, the Holy Orders are vilely esteemed by [Page]Abundance of Men, (and those some­times pretending a High Zeal for Reli­gion,) is to be imputed very much to their bad Education in their tender years, and perhaps to no one thing more.

But it is not against this Evil alone, that a good Education of our Youth would provide an effectual Remedy, but in my opinion, against a Multitude of Epidemical Errors and Immoralities. It is certain, True Religion thrives best when planted betimes, having its Foundation in an early Piety. Happy are those Chil­dren whose Lot is to be begotten of Godly Parents, careful to season their Minds with vertuous and sober Princi­ples, and while they are Children, to acquaint them with the Scriptures of Truth and Godliness None start with greater Advantages in the Christian Race, nor usually persevere with a more vi­gorous Constancy therein, then they who are taught to remember their Creator in the Days of their Youth, the first Fruits of their Time being Consecrated to God and Religion, before corrupt affections have [Page]clapt a Bias upon their Inclinations, and a Train of Vices hath depraved, and in great measure laid a sleep the Natural No­tions of Good and Evil in them.

To this great purpose Catechizing and Diligence in teaching the Catechism is continually and very appositely urged upon Us of the Parochial Clergy, by our Ordinaries in their Annual Visitations, according to the Royal Injunctions. And loth I am to say, or even to think any of my Brethren so culpable, as either to be so ignorant as to need my Instructions, or so negligent as to want my Excite­ments in so necessary and (as is Uni­versally acknowledged) so profitable an Office of their Ministration.

It is for the common People's sake therefore, that I expose these Specimens of my Labours in this kind to a publick View. I think it a great Blessing to them, that they may have the Advantage of being taught by both their senses, their Eyes as well as their Ears. What is taught by the Ear may affect and pierce more, but the Letter written endureth [Page]longer, and the Souls of men have the Advantage of a more deliberate Consi­deration, and a longer continuance therein.

Having therefore a Desire to do good both ways, according to my poor Abilities, (not so much fearing Censures, as endea­vouring to Edifie,) I submissively offer these my Labours to your Graces Patro­nage, as justly yours, being performed in your Charge, by one under your Fa­therly Jurisdiction, who unfeignedly pray­eth for the Peace and Prosperity of Gods Holy Catholick Church, and the conti­nual dew of his Heavenly Blessing upon the Bishops and Clergy thereof, and par­ticularly a double Portion of his Spirit up­on your Grace; that we may be long hap­py in your Wise and Active Conduct; and one who earnestly begging your Graces Prayers for him, heartily desires to approve himself upon all Occasions.

Your Graces in all humble Duty and Observance, Jos. Briggs.

To Every CHRISTIAN READER, Particularly to my Brethren, the Younger of the Reverend CLERGY OF THE Church of England, &c.

Reverend Brethren,

WHAT Place and Figure the Cate­techist had in the Primitive Churches is well known: and the Diligent Dis­charge of this part of our Ministry, being most strictly required by the Canons of that Holy Church, whereunto by all manner of right we ow the most sincere Obedience; which being also so frequently urged upon our practice by our Or­dinaries at every Visitation, and there being per­haps, nothing we do, or can do, that can be more beneficial to our Flocks; Nothing which (if rightly performed) can more conduce to a thorough Reformation of Christians, or to the comfort and Satisfaction of the Pastors Consciences, It seems [Page]strange to me, That it is so much neglected, at least most cursorily and insipidly performed in many Parishes, especially in Market Towns, where nothing pleaseth, but the Minister's sett and so­lemn Discourses on some particular Texts in Scripture, commonly called Preaching, as if there were no other preaching but this.

God forbid I should pass the least undecent Re­flection upon those; but this I am bold to say, Whatever good Man will take the pains (as e­very one ought) to examine his Children and Servants of what they have learnt by them, and to assist them to his utmost power to profit there­by; He will soon find it a very slender Account they are able to give of an hours Discourse, and must, from a constant Experience hereof, conclude an absolute Necessity of both Ministers and Ma­sters of Families greatest Diligence in this easie and Familiar way of instructing them in mat­ters of Religion, and that it is very little good, which Sermonizing without Catechizing can do, and therefore hath not the least appearance of justice for thrusting it out of the Church.

That we ought to Catechize, I hope I need not say much to convince any thinking Man; the stress lies in finding out such a course as where­in it may be done to purpose, that if it be pos­sible, We may save ourselves, and them that hear us, even the most ignorant of them that are willing to learn. And I would gladly be con­fident of your charitable construction of this my [Page]publishing my own Method, so as by no means to interpret it a self-conceited or presumptuous prescribing it to others. Give me leave only to shew you how I fell into it, and then be it at your own Discretion how far you will accept or reject it, imitate, alter, or wholly decline it.

I account it to my self a great Blessing, that being by a sickly Constitution of Body forced from the Breasts of my Mother, that Famous School of the Prophets, the Ʋniversity of Cam­bridge, a very good Providence cast me under the Wings and Guidance of an aged Divine, Grave, Learned and pious, a truly Loyal Sub­ject to, and sufferer for his Sovereign, a most Orthodox Son of the Church.

From him I had this Advice in my studies, (and it would be Envy to others Good to con­ceal it) to fix my Theological Studies in the first place upon the Creed, The Lords Prayer, and the Decalogue, with this reason to perswade it, That by composing Sermons on these, I should be at once provided with whatever should be useful in a Congregation in the Afternoons, and be likewise thereby enabled for this great work of Catechizing profitably, by but extracting the Quintessence of such Composures by way of Que­stions and Answers as I went along; and also lastly have a constant storehouse to repair to, serviceable upon all Occasions, and upon all sorts of Subjects.

I heartily thank God, that I had this Coun­sel [Page]given me, and that I followed it. Catechi­zing one way or other, either by a continued plain and homely discourse, or by teaching Que­stions and Answers, and then using these short Descants upon them, hath been my constant course in that place whither Divine Providence cast me. In taking which, having found it all along a great drudgery to Transcribe, I was forc'd when I had gone thorough the Catechism, to be at the charge of an Impression of so many Copies as might serve my Parish, which proving very faulty and de­fective, to my great dissatisfaction, I thought it not amiss to make a new Edition thereof; and to make it more profitable to all that would make any Ʋse thereof, I have added the Cate­chist's Enlargement upon each Question and Answer throughout the whole.

For the Questions and Answers upon the A­postles Creed, I acknowledge some considerable part of them, and the most material, upon which the rest are grounded, to be those Composures of the aforesaid excellent Person, and them he gave to the Youth in his Parish to learn, and constantly examined them therein, to their great profit and Edification. And now I beg it may not be thought either presumption or vain glory in me, to add thereto as I saw cause, to make it as easie as I could, to the weakest Capacities.

—I have well weighed every word in the Creed, and every clause, and almost every word in the whole Church-Catechism, from the beginning [Page]to the end, proving every Observation therein by very plain Scriptures; which Course and Me­thod, as it sets the most Notable Texts before the younger peoples Eyes, and may to their great profit serve to imprint them in their Memories; so doth it mightily conduce to settle and estab­lish them in a firm belief of sound Doctrine. And if Parents and Masters of Families would be perswaded thus to exercise their Youth, I am morally certain, it would make them good Chri­stians, Good Protestants, (or which is, I think, the same thing) Good and firm Members of the Church of England. For as here, They may be instructed in the Truth and Certainty of the Christian Religion in Opposition to the Jews and Pagans, so are all just Occasions taken to arm them against Fanaticism and Separation. And if such sound Principles of Faith and O­bedience be timely instilled into tender Minds; If Men would thus teach and bring up their Children in the Nurture and Admonition of the Lord, it will be very hard to think how they can fail of a competent understanding of their Religion, and whatever is necessary to be known or believed to their Salvation, or turn Apostates from it, without an extreme Oscitancy and care­lessness in remembring and considering what they have been taught, or an incurable, wanton itch after Novelties; which latter, if indulged, it may be expected they will through Gods just [Page]judgment fall into damnable Errors, and all the innumerable snares of the Devil, which he shall think fit to lay for them; and being once be­wildred in them, it is rare, and in the Na­ture of the thing very difficult for any to re­cover themselves, being taken Captive by him at his Will.

Yours in the Lord J. B.

Catechetical Exercises.

THE great end of Catechising being to instruct little children and the younger people, all that are ignorant and capable of learning the Fundamental principles of their R [...]ligion, It is therefore very proper to ask the Catechized what Re­ligion they are of in the first place: and therefore it is no trivial or frivolous Question with which our Catechisme begins (What is your name?) for how this leads to the other may appear by these following Inquiries.

Q. What did you receive the same time when you received your name?

A. My Religion.

Q. What Religion are you of?

A. The Christian; and therefore the name I then received is called my Christian name.

Q. When received you both these?

A. When I was Baptized.

The Catechist's Enlargement upon the Questions and Answers.

Every person is Considerable two ways; As a man and as a Christian; As a Man, He hath the Name of his Family, called his Sirname; As a Christian, He hath another name given him, to wit, when he was baptized, and by being baptized entred into the Pro­fession of the Christian Religion, which is therefore called his Christian name.

Q. Who gave you this name?

A. My Godfathers and Godmothers, &c.

Q. By whose means or help did you receive them?

A. By means of my Godfathers and God­mothers.

Q. Why are they called Godfathers and God­mothers?

A. Because they were instrumental in be­getting me again unto God, and bringing me into Covenant with God, and still stand engaged as Spiritual parents for my Godly Education.

Q. Why doth the Church require the Ʋse of Godfathers and Godmothers in Baptism?

A. Because the Jews had such in Circum­cising their Children, so hath Christs Church [Page 3]in all ages secured the Godly Education of her Members.

Catechist. Buxtorf (Syned. jud. l. 1. c. [...].) gives it as a certainty That the Jews had Godfathers and Godmothers at Circumcision, and some hint of this Custom we have Isaiah 8.24. Where we read of the Prophets calling for faithful Witnesses, when he called the Prophetesses Son, Maher, Shalal, Hashbaz, and in Luk. 1.59. we read that Elizabeths Neighbours and Cousins came together the Eight day to Circumcise her child, and would have called him after the name of his Father, Zecharias. So that by this account the Use of Godfathers and Godmothers seems to be de­rived (like the many other Usages in Christianity) from the Jewish Church. But whether so or no, it is manifest it was always practiced in the Christian Church. And that for those great ends of propaga­ting Religion and preserving them from falling from it, who was already initiated into it. For if parents, natural parents, proved ignorant and could not; or wicked and would not teach and Educate their Chil­dren aright, or if they chanced to die or to turn A­postates, Hereby the Church took care for the godly Education of their Children. And this (saith Mr Per­kins) was a laudable Custom above 1400 years. True (will some say) this was no more than what was Necessary in those Times of Persecution, but not so now, in these times of the Churches Peace. Yes, I answer, it is yet as necessary as then, Because We know not how soon Persecutions may come, and how­ever, the present Age we live in abounds with many damnable Errours and Heresies, and the Prophaness and Debauchery thereof is very great, and therefore it is as needful now as ever, That some Persons be engaged publickly to see that children that are bap­tized [Page 4]be brought up in the doctrine of Christ, and in the fear of God,

Q. What just exception can be made against this Custome?

A. None, but Godfathers and Godmothers neglecting their duties, now this or the like Exceptions lye against the best and most wholesome Institutions both of God and man.

Catechist. It is indeed a very sad thing that Godfa­thers and Godmothers so generally neglect their du­ties; I say therefore, O that All persons would be serious in undertaking this charge, and fulfill it more Conscientiously than commonly men do! And then, The Benefit of this Custom would convince all man­kind, how convenient it is that it be retained, to pre­vent any persons making Shipwrack of Faith and of a good Conscience when they come to years of dis­cretion.

Q. Why do Christians give their Children names in Baptism?

A. Because the Jews gave names to their children in Circumcision, and Baptism suc­ceeds in the room of it; Again, it is intend­ed That their names should always put them in mind of their Christianity, which they re­ceived together with their names.

Catechist. First, That Baptism succeeds in the room of Circumcision, As it is clear in matter of Fact, so I take it to be manifest in that one Text of St. Paul, Coloss. 1.11. In whom also ye are Circumcised by the Cir­cumcision made without Hands in putting off the Body of the [Page 5]Sins of the flesh, by the Circumcision of Christ, buried with him in Baptism.

2. That the Jews gave their names, when they Cir­cumcised their Children is plain in divers instances. To name but two, Gen. 21.3, 4. Abraham called the name of his Son, which Sarah bare unto him, Isaac, and Abra­ham circumcised his son Isaac being Eight days old, as God commanded him. And so had John Baptist his name gi­ven to Him at his circumcision, Luk. 1.59. and so had our Saviour, Luk. 2.21. When 8 days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, his name was called Je­sus, which was so named of the Angel, before he was con­ceived in the Womb.

3. As often as we mention, or think of our names we should (as much as possible) call to mind our Baptismal Covenant, viz. To be Christs faithful ser­vants to our lives end, and hereof St. Pauls text, 2 Tim. 3.19. may serve for a good Paraphrase, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ (or upon whom the name of Christ is called, in that he is called a Chri­stian) depart from iniquity.

Q. Seeing then you received both these in Baptism, I ask you what is Baptism, as it is in this place offered to your Consideration?

A. It is one of the Seals of the new Co­venant.

Catechist. Such was Circumcision, and therefore such is Baptism that succeeds it, Rom. 4.11. Abrahams circum­cision was to Him a seal of the Righteousness of Faith which He had being Ʋncircumcised.

Q. What Covenant do you mean?

A. The same which God made with A­dam after his fall in those words, (The seed of the woman shall break the Serpents head) [Page 6]and which he afterwards renewed at seve­ral times to Gods people by the Patriarchs and Prophets, and at last Ratified in Christs blood, called the Covenant of Grace.

Catechist. This Covenant as made with Adam as the common parent and Representative of all mankind, you have in Gen 3.15. and as it was renewed to Abra­ham, you have Gen. 12.3. and 22.18. In thee, in thy Seed, (i. e. in Christ as St. Paul explains it Gal. 3.8.) shall all Families of the earth be blessed. Which Covenant was afterwards renewed or new revealed in other words to Jacob, Gen. 49.10. The Scepter shall not depart from Judah till Shilo come; by Moses, Deut. 18.15. A Prophet shall the Lord God raise up unto you of your Brethren like unto me, him shall ye hear; by David, by Isaiah, Jeremy and the rest of the Prophets, too many to recite par­ticularly here, and still in every age it was more clear­ly revealed then the former until the Seed came, the Mediator of this covenant, and ratified and established it by his Blood.

It will be of great Use to you (Good Children) if you can reach to understand thus much, much more if you can attain a competent practical knowledge of the terms of this Covenant, as your Catechism (well understood) may instruct you. I ask you therefore

Q. How many parts are there in this Co­venant?

A. Two: Gods part, and ours.

Catechist. For so it is in all Covenants, which be­ing between parties, it obligeth them both to their re­spective parts, and neither of them can expect the be­nefit of the Covenant without his own performance of what belongs to him.

Q. What then is Gods part, or what doth God promise in the Covenant of Grace?

A. Forgiveness of Sins, Sanctifying Grace, and Eternal Life.

Q. How doth your Catechism express these?

A. It shews what Benefits we receive by Baptism, to wit, that of limbs of Satan, we are therein made members of Christ: Of Children of Wrath and of the Devil, we are therein made Children of God; and of heirs of Hell, we become inheritors of the Kingdom of heaven.

Catechist. These are great things (Good Children) for you to learn, and having learnt them, I beseech you, do your best to consider them, and see how all are grounded in the plain words of Holy Scripture.

Of Limbs of Satan, as the Head and Father of all wicked ones, we are by Baptisme made members of Christ. Members (you all know) relate to a Body, Now the Church is the Body whereof Christ is the Head: and by Baptism we are made members of the Church which is the Mystical Body of Christ. For Baptism is the Sacrament of Admission into the Church, as the Lords Supper is the Sacrament of nourishment in the Church, 1 Cor. 12.13. By one spirit we are all bap­tized into one body, whether Jew or Gentile.

2. Whereas we are all by nature Children of wrath, one as well as other, Ephes. 2.3. By Baptism we are born anew of water and the spirit, John 3.5. and so have the power and dignity or priviledge to be cal­led the Children of God by Regeneration, as well as by Adoption, for John 1.12. To as many as received him, to them gave be power to become the Sons of God, even as many as believed in his name, and professed that belief by being Baptized. Gal. 3.26, 27. Ye are all the children of God by Faith in Christ Jesus; For as many of you as have [Page 8]been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. And from hence they may call God, Father, saying, Our Father which art in heaven, witness what Christ said to his Disci­ples, John 20.17. I ascend to my Father and your Father, and from hence they are brethren to Christ, for Heb. 2.11. He is not ashamed to call them Brethren. And being thus children and sons of God, they are 3. By Baptism made Heirs of his Kingdom. Nay Inheritors thereof, even of his Kingdom of Grace in this life, and shall in due time be fully possessed of that Glory in the Life to come. All which is made good by se­veral great Texts, 1 Pet. 1.3. He hath begotten us again to a lively hope, even of an inheritance incorruptible, un­defiled and which fadeth not away, reserved in Heaven for us. Tit. 3.5, 7. According to his mercy he saved us by the Laver and washing of Regeneration and renewing of the Holy Ghost; That being justified by his Grace we should be made heirs of eternal Life. Rom. 8.16, 17. The Spirit beareth witness, that we are the children of God; and if children then heirs: Heirs with God, joynt heirs with Christ: if we suffer with him we shall also reign with him.

Q. How doth the new Covenant, The Cove­nant of Grace made with Adam after his fall, differ from the old Covenant, the Covenant of works made with Adam before his fall?

A. The old Covenant of Works did not promise Forgiveness of Sins, nor accepted of Repentance, but required perfect Unsinning Obedience: But this new Covenant of Grace, doth promise forgiveness of sins upon repentance, and only requires sincere Obedience.

Catechist. The tenour of the old Covenant was, Do [Page 9]this and live, requiring such an Obedience as not to sin. But that of the new covenant is, If thou believe with all thy heart, Thou shalt be saved, accepting of sincere, though imperfect Obedience: Such then is Gods part of the Covenant. What Ours is you must learn by the third question in the Church Catechism.

Q. What did your Godfathers and Godmo­thers then for you?

A. They did promise and vow three things in my name, &c.

Questions and Answers explaining this, follow.

Q. Are these great Benefits of the new Cove­nant, which is sealed in Baptism, conferred up­on all that are Baptized?

A. Yes: but not absolutely, but upon con­dition they perform their part of the Co­venant.

Q. What is our part of the Covenant?

A. Repentance, Faith and Obedience.

Catechist. I pray you (good children) learn this great Lesson, and always bear it in mind, That you can make no claim to any promise of God in his cove­nant, unless you be faithful in performing the condi­tion of Gods promises. For the Covenant and pro­mises of God are mutual, and it cannot be imagined that God can be bound, and we free and at liberty to live as we list. And then mark how this explica­tion of our part of the Covenant agrees with what the latter end of your Catechism teaches you to be the Grace signified by Baptism, for our Baptismal Cove­nant [Page 10]engageth us to a death unto sin, as we therein promise to renounce the devil, the world, and the flesh, by Repentance; and unto a life unto Righteousness, as we therein promise constancy in the true faith, and answerable obedience to Gods Holy will in our con­versations. I ask you then

Q. How doth your Catechism express these, Repentance, Faith and Obedience?

A. Renouncing the Devil and all his works, the pomps and vanities of this wicked world, and all the finful lusts of the flesh: Believing all the Articles of the Christian Faith, and Keeping Gods Holy Will and Command­ments, and walking in the same all the days of my life.

Q. What is meant by renouncing the Devil?

A. Renouncing all familiarity and making Contracts with the Devil, whereof Witches, Conjurers, and such as resort to them for help, are guilty; and all doing homage or worship to the Devil, as do all Idolaters.

Catechist. That there is such a sin as Witchcraft, is plain in that Gods law forbids and condemns it, Edod. 21.18. Deut. 18.10. Thou shalt not suffer a Witch to live: and all know it was Sauls sin that he went for councel to the Witch at Ender. And were there no such sin, (as some in this age too boldly affirm) how comes St. Paul to reckon it amongst the works of the flesh? Gal. 5.20. And that all Idolaters do really worship the Devil, is manifest by what the same Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 10.20. I say, the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to Devils and not to God.

Q. What is meant by renouncing the works of the Devil? and what are these works?

A. All sins are works of the Devil, es­pecially pride, lying, discord, murder, envy and malice: now in Baptism we engage to resist all the Devils Temptations to any sin whatsoever, and especially these, and to watch against them.

Catechist. This brand the Scriptures fix upon those sins especially, for by pride, as the Apostle hints, 1 Tim. 3.6. the Devil fell into condemnation. For Murder, John 8.44. [...]e is a Murderer from the begining. For Lying, the same Text tells you, When the Devil speaks a lye, he speaks it of himself, for he is a lyar and the father of lyes. And how much all envy is from him, is evident, as by what St. James saith, chap. 3.14, 15. If ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, such w [...]s [...]om is earthly, sensual, Devilish, so, by this being one of his odious Titles, the envyous man.

And so is all Malice from him, and all hatred, being a degree and fountain of Murder. For 1 John 1.15. He that hateth his brother is a marderer, and whosoever (I add) tempts and enticeth another to sin, acts the Devils part, who is the Tempter, and doth his work for Him, for that is another of his odious Titles, Math. 4.3. and in a word, for this cause must we avoid all sin, because all sins are works of the Devil. For so spake our Saviour to the wicked Jews, John 8.44. ye are of your Father the Devil, because his works you do. It is good for you (children) to mind these and the like plain texts in Scripture, and to treasure them up in your hearts. This then is one part and a great part of our Baptismal engagement, even in all things as St. James exhorts, chap. 4.5. to resist the Devil, and to maintain continual war against him.

Q. What is meant by renouncing the world?

A. We engage in Baptism to resist all Temptations arising from the men and thing [...] of the world, Riches, pleasures or honours [...]

Q. What is meant by renouncing the pomp [...] and vanities of this wicked world?

A. We promise in Baptism not to set ou [...] hearts on any thing in this world, nor to follow its sinful ways, customs or fashions [...] and to avoid all wicked Company.

Catechist. All this worlds Temptations are either from the Men, or things thereof, as the former of these Answers teaches you. And as for the men thereof, i [...] we would avoid and resist all Temptations from them. The most general direction that can be given is this. That we take heed of all evil company, and I believe, there is hardly any better or more useful lesson can be instilled into young and tender minds than this. For thousands are undone by falling into bad and loose company, and what considering person is there who la­ments not this, to see how many of good natures and excellent wits, are utterly perverted into an extreme and Atheistical wickedness hereby? Of this therefore the Holy Scriptures warn all men, and especially the younger sort, in innumerable Texts, Ps. 1.1. Blessed is the man that walketh not in the councel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. Prov. 1.10. My, son, if sinners entice thee con­sent thou not. If they say come with us, let us lay wait for blood, &c. Cast in thy lot among us, my son, walk not thou in the way with them, refrain thy foot from their paths, see the Text at large. And chap. 2.10. &c. he tells you how great a lesson of Wisdom this is, i.e. of Re­ligion. When Wisdom entreth into thine heart, &c. Dis­cretion [Page 13]shall preserve thee, Ʋnderstanding shall keep thee, to [...]eliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man [...]hat speaketh froward things, who leave the paths of Righte­ [...]usness, to walk in the ways of darkness. Who rejoyce to [...]o evil, and delight in the frowardness of the wicked. Whose ways are wicked and they froward in their paths. To [...]eliver thee from the strange woman, even from the stranger [...]hat flattereth with her words. For her house enclineth unto [...]eath, and her paths unto the dead. None that go unto her, return again; neither take they hold of the paths of life. And in innumerable other places doth the wise man [...]nculcate and urge this, too many to repeat here. I must content my self with St. Pauls injunctions to all that will live Godly in Christ Jesus, 1 Cor. 5.9. not to keep com­ [...]any with fornicators, and v. 11. nor with covetous, nor with [...]dolaters, nor railers, nor extortioners, nor with any bro­ [...]her that walketh disorderly, as it is 2 Thes. 3.6. Concerning whom he commandeth, in the name of the Lord Jesus, that we withdraw ourselves from them. And in a word he exhorts, Ephes. 5.11. that we have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them, which must be by refusing all familiarity with them, as well as by verbal reprehending them. As for the things of this world, S. John tells us 1 Ep. 2.16. they may be all reduced to these three, the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of [...]he eye, and the pride of life, i. e. Riches, pleasures and honours. And for resisting all Temptations from them, I shall content my self with commending to your daily [...]emembrance that one Text of his, chap. 3.15. Love not [...]he world nor the things of this world, for if any man love the world, the love of the father is not in him. And for a­voiding all sinful customs or fashions, I shall only mind you of that general precept in Gods law, Erod. 23.2. Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil. For thus shall ye, as St. Peter saith, 2 Ep. 2.20. escape the pollutions of this world, and to all these you are bound by your Baptismal vow to be Christs faithful servants and soul­diers. [Page 14]For as our Saviour saith, Math. 6.24. Ye canno [...] both serve God and Mammon, God and the world o [...] the lusts thereof, no nor your fleshly lusts, as the nex [...] Answer teacheth you.

Q. What is meant by renouncing all the sin­ful lusts of the flesh?

A. In Baptism we promise to mortifie the flesh by fasting and prayer, and not to suffer our fleshly lusts to reign in us so as to live in Gluttony, drunkenness or any moral uncleanness.

Catechist. As St. Paul expresses it, Gal. 5.10. We must walk in the Spirit and not fulfil the lusts of the flesh. 1 Cor. 5.17. we must follow his example, in keeping the bo­dy under and bringing it in subjection, that it should not rebel against the Spirit. Gal. [...].24. if we be Christs, (as we all profess and promise to be in Baptism) we must thus shew it, by Crucifying the flesh with the affections and lusts. We must as St. Peter exhorts, 1 Ep. 2.20. As Strangers and Pilgrims abstain from fleshly lusts which war against the Soul. For this (I beseech you, young men and maids) to think of, you cannot fulfil your fleshly lusts, falling into either drunkenness or fornication, whe­ther simple fornication, or that before Marriage, or by any other wretched wicked manner of life, but you'l thereby become eminently guilty of a direct Breach of your Baptismal Vow and Covenant with God. And in short I wish you with all my heart to bear that text of St. Pauls continually in your minds, Rom. 8.13. If ye live after the flesh ye shall die, but if ye through the Spirit do mortifie the deeds of the body, ye shall live. So here is Life and death set before you, and put to your choice.

Q. What is the life of a Christian in respect of all these?

A. It is an holy Spiritual Warfare; for we are in Baptism listed Souldiers under Christs banner, continually to fight against these our spiritual enemies.

Catechist. 1 Tim. 1.18. We must war a good warfare, holding faith and a good Conscience. 1 Tim. 6.12. We must fight the good fight of Faith whereunto we are called, ha­ving in Baptism professed this good profession before many witnesses, even in the presence of God and in the face of the Congregation.

Q. By what means may we fight this good fight and warfare so as to overcome?

A. By the continual use of prayer, fasting, faith and watchfulness over our hearts and senses, and constant care to walk according to Gods word.

Catechist. To all these Gods H. Word directs us with the greatest plainness. To prayer with fasting. 1 Thes. 5.17. pray without ceasing, or continually. For this Devil of fleshly lusts, Christ saith Math. 17.21. goeth not out but by fasting and prayer. By these it is that the flesh is mortified and kept under, Gal. 5.16. This I say therefore, Walk in the spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lusts of the flesh. For the flesh lusteth against the spirit and the spirit against the flesh, and these are contrary the one to the other. But therefore Gal. 24. They that are Christs indeed, do crucifie the flesh with the affections and lusts. And to these of fasting and prayer, S. John adds Faith, 1 Ep. 5.4. Whesoever is born of God over cometh the world, and this is our victory that overcometh the world, even our Faith. And our Saviour adds Watchfulness, Matth. [Page 16]26.41. Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation. Luk 21.32, 33. Take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeting and drunkenness, and the cares of this life, and that day come upon you un­awares; & 36. Watch ye therefore and pray always, Mark 13.37. And what I say unto you, I say unto all, watch. And lastly, O! that young people would often Meditate upon what David directs them to, even circumspect walking according to Gods word! Psal. 119.9. Where­withall shall a young man cleanse his ways, even by taking heed thereto according to Gods word.

These particulars make up that Re­pentance that you promised in Bap­tism, now,

Q. What is that Faith that you also pro­mised?

A. To believe all the Articles of the Chri­stian Faith, that is, All that Christ taught, did, and suffered for our Salvation, as they are recorded in the Gospel, and summed up in the Creed.

Q. Is it enough to assent to the Truth of those Articles? or what farther is required to make my Faith acceptable to God?

A. I must so believe every Article, as to live answerably to what it teaches us; for Faith is nothing worth without good works of obedience.

Catechist. Concerning the former Answer, I shall only remark to you that Definition St. Luke gives of his Gospel, Acts 1.1. It is a Treatise (he saith) of all [Page 17]that Jesus began to do and to teach, and adding only, what he suffered for the Salvation of sinners, you have then the true object of a Christians faith and belief. Now them must we believe, that is, assent to them from our hearts, profess them with our lips, and walk suitably to them in our lives. And this is that Faith S. James teaches us, Chap. 2.17. He affirms That the Faith which hath no works is dead, being alone. For ver. 21. Was not Abraham, the great pattern of Faith, the Father of the Faithful, justified by works, when he offered up Isaac, there­by shewing the truth of his Faith by ready obedience to Gods Commandments? Ver. 26. By works was his Faith made perfect, and he instanceth there in Rahabs faith also, ver. 25. and requires this therefore of all that pretend to believe, Shew me thy Faith by thy works, v. 18. For they it is that must shew it to be true, or nothing can shew it. Every evil worker is a real Unbeliever. Good works are Faiths witnesses, as the tree is known by its fruits.

Q. What then is that Obedience you promi­sed in Baptism?

A. To keep Gods Holy Will and Com­mandments, and walk in the same all the days of my Life.

Catechist. It is therefore a constant effect of true faith in whomsoever it is, it produceth an Universal Obedience of the whole man to all Gods Command­ments, and that so constant, as to continue and perse­vere therein to our lives end.

Church Catechism the fourth Question.

Q. Dost thou not think that thou art bound to believe and do as they promised for thee?

A. Yes verily, &c.

Explanatory Questions and Answers.

Q. How can Godfathers and Godmothers promise such great things, as these for Children whom they bring to Baptism?

A. They only promise them in the Chil­drens names, till they be of age to take it upon themselves; so the duty promised be­longs to the Children, and Godfathers and Godmothers engage only to see they be taught what they promised for them, and to excite them to perform it by instructions, re­proofs, exhortations and prayers.

Catechist. The scope of this Answer is to state the matter, how far Sureties stand engaged by what is done at Baptism. But to this are children chiefly to take heed, that the things promised do chiefly lye on them to perform, though not themselves, but others engaged it only in their names. For they are in equity bound thereby. For Parents usually oblige their Children in civil con­tracts and Bargains, and why not much more then, to what is their Bounden duty before, as Creatures to their Lord, their Maker and Redeemer? Or who will say but that it is in the Parents power to devote their Children to Gods special service, as Hannah did Samuel, 1 Sam. 1.18. or as Timothy's parents may well be sup­posed to have done Him, in that they taught Him the Scriptures of a child; and without doubt, whatsoever children they be that renounce or do not perform this their Baptismal Vow, though but made by others, in their name, they incur the Guilt of Perjuty, and forfeit all the promises of God made to them in his Covenant.

To prevent this therefore, and to make children (when [Page 19]grown up) sensible of their having entred such a vow, and that they may now voluntarily take it upon themselves and that before the Congregation, and thenceforth look upon themselves as engaged by their own Act and deed, To this end, is this Question intended, whose answer hath divers excellent parts, all remarkable, agreeable to sound and Orthodox Doctrine, and to the H. Scriptures. I shall reduce them to these Questions.

Q. Art thou then willing now to take this vow and promise upon thy self?

A. Yes verily.

Catechist. Mark here (good child) what thou pro­fessest, even to stand to the vow made in thy name, and remember the Text, Eccles. 5.4. Better never vow, than not perform what thou hast vowed.

Q. How shalt thou ever be able to do those things, being by nature so prone to all evil, and averse to all Good?

A. I shall be able to do them through Christ strengthning me, therefore I say, (and by Gods help so I will.)

Catechist. Thus is every child taught modestly to de­clare his Resolution in the words of St. Paul, Phil. 4.13. and it much concerns you and all men to be humbly sensible of what the same Apostle saith, Rom. 7.18. In me, that is, in my flesh dwelleth no good thing. And that our Saviour saith expresly, John 15.5. I am the Vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. And because this help shall not be wanting to any that will sincerely endeavour it, therefore doth the Apostle, Phil. 2.12, 13. hereby enforce his exhortation, work out your salvation with fear and trembling; for it is God that worketh in you both to will and do of his good [Page 20]pleasure. As if he had said, take heed to yourselves that you make use of Gods help, while you may have it, work yourselves, while God worketh with, and in you.

Q. What art thou better for being baptized, more than those that never were baptized?

A. This being Gods own Ordinance for washing away Original sin, and admitting men into Covenant with God: I am thereby called into a state of Salvation through Christ, for which therefore I heartily thank God my heavenly father.

Catechist. By this Answer a child is well taught to be deeply sensible, and to declare himself to be so, that he is in a much better Condition then he was before, or than they are who never were Baptized. For who can deny that Baptism is Christs own ordinance for washing away sin, and admitting him into Covenant with God? And what is this but a state of Salva­tion by Christ? there being as S. Peter saith, Act. 4.12. No salvation to be had by any other, no other name given under heaven whereby we must be saved, but only the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. For this therefore their be­ing brought thus into a state of Salvation, Holy Church very laudably teaches her children to give pub­lick thanks, according to that in Psal. 8.2. Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings God hath ordained praise.

Q But what if you should fall off from, or renounce your Baptism as many do?

A. Then shall I be much worse for being Baptized. This Apostacy will aggravate my Damnation.

Catechist. True: for as Matth. 10.21. He only that en­dureth [Page 21]to the end shall be saved, so Matth. 12.40. Wo unto them whose latter end is worse than their beginning, who, (as the Apostle Heb. 10.30. expresseth Apostacy,) draw back to the perdition of their Souls.

Q. What means must you then use to pre­vent this?

A. I will pray continually that God will give me his Grace, that I may continue in the same unto my lives end.

Catechist. And I beseech and exhort you, Good Children, learn thus to pray betimes, and exercise your selves in prayer daily, in some or other good forms of prayer for this great thing that you may continue in Christs words, and so be his Disciples indeed, John 8.29. Ask, and seek, and knock, as your Saviour teacheth you, by prayer, by continual prayer, and he assures you then of the help of his Holy Spirit to enable you to keep your Baptismal Vow, that having entred into the way of life you shall never forsake it, and of this he assures you by an excellent similitude which you cannot chuse but understand, Luk. 11.13. If your natural parents be ready to give you bread, and clothing, and all good things you stand in need of, upon your begging them, How much more will your Heavenly Father give his Holy Spirit to them that ask it?

Q. What are the General Heads of Ca­techism?

A. The Creed, the Decalogue, the Lords prayer, and the Doctrine of the Sacraments.

Catechist. I would bespeak you in St. Peters words, you and the whole Congregation, 2 Pet. 1.2, 13. I say unto you I will not be negligent to put you always in re­membrance of these things, although I may hope many of you know them already and are established in the Truth. For [Page 22]even they that know them already, have yet great need to be put continually in remembrance of them, and therefore I think it not only meet, but also necessa­ry, to stir you up by putting you in remembrance of them, as long as I am in this Tabernacle, as long as I live, that you may be always thinking of them, and never forget them. Credenda, Agenda, Oranda, What you must believe, what you must do and practice, and what you must pray for, and Gods Covenant and Promises sealed to you in the Sacraments, these are the great things in Christian Doctrine, necessary to be known, that you may be saved, and upon these four General Heads depend all the Questions in your Catechism.

Either by way of Introduction, shewing you when, by whose means, upon what terms and conditions you became Christians, together with the great Benefits that belong to you as Christians, if your conversations be such as becomes the Gospel, and the Profession of Christianity, and those things you have had and I hope have learnt in our Explanation of the four first Questions and their Answers: or else they serve to Connect and joyn together the great Doctrines taught you in the Ca­techism in an orderly Method for the help of your Me­mories, or to help you to a clear and full under­standing of them. To come then to the main points to be learnt by Catechism, I ask you in the first place

Q. Why is the Creed the first part of Ca­techism?

A Because to believe aright is the very ground work of all Religion: and then must I shew my believing heartily by my good works of Obedience.

Catechist. Yea, so it is certainly, A right belief is the Foundation of Religion. Thereforewhen the Jaylor asked Paul and Silas, Act. 16.31. Sirs, what shall I do [Page 23]to be saved? To this they directed him in the first place, Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved, thou and thine house. But then, it is a lesson I would take all occasions to teach you, That there is no resting in a dead Faith without good works of Obedience. And for this time I only offer to you for proof hereof, the tenour of our Saviours Commission to his Apostles, when he sent them forth to convert the world, Matth. 28.19, 20. He bad them, whomsoever they should by Baptism admit into the Church and the Confession of Christianity, to teach them to observe all things whatsoe­ver he had commanded them. And you have an eminent instance of the necessary Conjunction of Obedience with Faith in that grand Doctrine of Christianity, that of the Trinity, into which we are expresly Baptized, as the next Questions and their Answers instruct you.

Q. Which is the great Fundamental in the Faith of Christians?

A. The Doctrine of the Trinity, that is, to believe in God the Father as Creator, in God the Son as Redeemer, and in God the Holy Ghost as Sanctifier; This is the Grand Mystery in Christianity.

Catechist. In my mind your Church-Catechism pro­pounds this Doctrine with a very becoming Gravity, and no man can deny this Doctrine so propounded, but he must withall deny and reject plain Scripture.

Q. In the first place then, Rehearse the Ar­ticles of thy Beliefe.

A. I Believe in God, &c.

Q. What dost thou chiefly learn in these Ar­ticles of thy Belief?

A. First I learn to believe in God the F. &c.

Catechist. Whosoever will own himself a Christian, He must profess his Christian Faith in this tenor. To believe in God first as Creator, who made me and all the world, according to that, 1 Cor. 8.6. To us there is but one God the Father of all things, and we in him, and one Lord Jesus Christ by whom are all things, and we by him. (2) In God the Son our L. Jesus Christ as Redeemer, who redeemed me and all Mankind. For 1 Tim. 1.15. This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptation, that Jesus Christ came into the world to save sinners, 1 Tim. 2.5, 6. There is one God and one Mediator between God and man, The man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransome for all to be testified in due time. (3) In God the Holy Ghost as Sanctifier, who Sanctifieth me and all the elect people of God. For 2 Thes. 2.13. Whosoeve are chosen to Salvation it is through Sanctification of the spirit and be­lief of the Truth.

Now you are taught in your Answer to my next Question, what an influence this Doctrine of the Tri­nity hath to good life and obedience, if it be believed aright, and I shall have occasion hereafter to prove e­very particular in it by the Scriptures. For the pre­sent therefore I shall content my self with hearing you rehearse it.

Q. In what manner must we believe in these persons?

A. So as to pay each person his respective Duty: for example, to love, fear and serve God the Father, as my great Creator and most Gracious preserver; To trust in God the Son and obey his Gospel, as my only Lord and Saviour; and to follow the mo­tions and directions of God the Holy Ghost, and to make Use of his Grace and Assistance, as my Guide and Sanctifier and Comforter.

Catechist. That you may well understand your Be­lief as a Christian, and particularly what you profess to believe of each person in the Blessed Trinity, and every word in it, I ask you in the first place.

Q. Why do you say, I Believe, rather than we, or they believe?

A. Because, Though the prayers of others may avail much, yet every man must be saved by his own Faith.

Catechist. And Think not sleightly of this lesson, for it levels directly against the Papists implicite Faith. We are often taught to pray for one another, saying, Our Father which art in Heaven, Give us, and for­give us, &c. as S. James saith, chap. 5.6. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much, i. e. for others as well as for himself, for of such prayer he there speaks. But no man can believe for any but himself, Habak. 2.4. By his Faith shall the just live. i.e. lead his life here according to Gods will revealed in his word, and so be saved at last for ever. So is eve­ry one therefore by his Creed taught to say, not we believe, for others, but I Believe, for himself, as the man in the Gospel whose Son was dumb, Mat. 9.17, 23. Lord I believe, Lord, help mine unbelief.

Q. In whom dost thou believe?

A. In God only.

Catechist. Believing in, is more then bare believing, for besides Credence or Assent, it implies Trust and Affiance, and is a Divine Honour proper to God only, and therefore we say in the Creed, I believe in God, we do not say alike, I believe in the Holy Gatholick Church, but I believe the Holy Catholick Church. For Cursed is the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord, Jer. 17.5. [Page 26]And therefore Christ avoucheth himself to be God, when he said, John 14.1. Ye believe in God, believe al­so in me.

Q. What is it to believe in God?

A. To believe there is a God, and to be­lieve that what God saith, is undoubtedly true, and to depend upon him, in Hope, for the accomplishment of his promises.

Catechist. The First Principle in Religion (against Atheists) is that there is a God, Heb. 11.6. He that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a Rewarder of them that diligently seek him. And the next Principle is the certainty of his Word, That it is as Gold tryed seven times in the fire, Psal. 12.6. For Numb. 23.19. He is not as man, that he should lie. Luk. 16.17. It is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one jot or tittle of his Word to fail. And then from these we infer the safety of trusting in him, for the fulfil­ling of his promises. For Heb. 11.23. Faithful is he that hath promised, who also will perform. We may therefore take up the Prophet Micahs words, chap. 4.5. All peo­ple walk every one in the name of his God, But we will walk in the name of the Lord our God, for ever.

Q. How many Gods are there?

A. One God only, therefore I profess to believe in God Singularly, and not in Gods.

Catechist. You know what the Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 8.4. The Heathens have Gods many, and Lords many, but we know they are all but Idels, and an Idol is nothing, and therefore to us Christians, There is no other God but One, Eph. 4.6. One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.

Q. How is this One God distinguished?

A. Into three Persons, God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost.

Catechist. These three Persons in the Godhead were apparently distinguished in Christs Baptism at the river Jordan. For the Father spake from heaven, saying, This is my Beloved Son, and the H. Ghost descended upon him like a Dove. And so are they manifestly distin­guished in our Baptism. For we are expresly Bapti­zed in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. And S. John 1 Ep. 5.7. affirms both the distinction of the persons, and their Unity of Es­sence, saying, There be three that bear record in Heaven, The Father, the Word, and the spirit, and these three are one. More I need not to say of this great Mysterious Doctrine at this time, whoso would better understand it, let him study the Creed of S. Athanasius. Let us now see what the Apostles Creed teacheth us to be­lieve of each person in this Blessed Trinity.

Q. What dost thou believe of the First person?

A. That he is God the Father Almighty, maker of Heaven and Earth.

Q. God the Father; whose Father is he?

A. The Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, and ours in him.

Catechist. Christ is the only begotten Son of God, Joh. 1.14. And by this Title is God especially owned and honoured by us Christians. Rom. 15.6. We are with one mind and one mouth, to glorifie God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. And then, God is our Father, and we are his Sons by Adoption in Christ. 1 John 3 1. Beh [...]ld, what manner of Love the Father hath bestowed up n [...]w, that we should be called the Sons of God. For Eph. 1.5. We are predestinated to the Adoption of Children, by Christ Jesus. And as to his Sons, He hath appointed us an [Page 28]Inheritance. For Rom. 8.11. If Sons, then heirs: Heirs of God, joynt heirs with Christ.

Q. What is God?

A. A most pure Spirit, a Being absolute­ly perfect.

Catechist. We have this definition of God from Christs own mouth, John 4.24. God is a spirit, having no bo­dily parts, or members, or passions, and all whatsoe­ver perfections and excellencies, are in him, and deri­ved from him.

Q. What is the great Attribute of God?

A. Omnipotency or Almightiness, that is, that he can do whatever pleaseth him.

Catechist. So speaks the Psalmist, Ps. 135.6. Whatso­ever the Lord pleaseth, That doth he in Heaven, and in Earth, and in all deep places. And hence Job said, ch. 42.2. I know that thou canst do every thing. For in his hand saith Jehoshaphat, 1 Chron. 20.6. is such power and might, that none is able to withstand.

Q. What other Essential Attributes are there of God, besides Almightiness?

A. Eternity; that he neither hath begin­ning, nor will have an end: Immutability, that he changeth not: Omnipresence, that he is in all places: Omniscience, that he sees all things, and knows them perfectly: And the most perfect Goodness and Holiness, that he is neither Author nor approver of evil.

Catechist. Let these Scriptures sink into your hearts for all these. Eternity, for so the Heavenly Congre­gation sing, Rev. 4.8. Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almigh­ty, which was, and which is, and which is to come. Immu­tability, [Page 29] Jam. 1.10. He is the Father of Lights, with whom is no variableness nor shaddow of turning. Heb. 13.8. He is the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever. Om­nipresence, for Am I a God at hand (saith the Lord) and not a God afar of? Jer. 23.24. Can any hide himself in secret places, that I should not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord. And of this Attribute and perfection, the sweet singer of Israel thus descants, Psal. 139.7, 8, 9. Whither shall I go from thy Spirit? and whither shall I flee from thy presence? If I go up unto heaven, Thou art there: If I make my bed in hell, thou art there also, If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there shall thy hand lead me, and thy right hand shall hold me. And he there teaches us this lesson, that all, both young and old, have this always in their minds, to restrain them from every sinful thing, even when they are a­lone and in secret places, and no eye sees them, That yet God always sees them, ver. 12. Even the darkness hides not from thee, but the night is as clear as the day: darkness and light are both alike to thee. And therefore whenever we are tempted to sin, and whatsoever con­veniency of secrecy we may have for it, we should always say to ourselves, as Joseph did to his Mistriss, Gen. 39.9. How can I do this wickedness, and sin against God, and that even in his sight? For Heb. 4.13. All things are naked and open in the sight of him, with whom we have to do.

Now these same Texts, that prove Gods Omnipre­sence, they also prove his fourth Attribute, Omniscience, That He sees, and knows all things. And as for the next Attribute, His perfect Goodness, you may remem­ber what your Saviour said, Matth. 19.17. There is none Good, but one, that is God, i. e. None deserving this Ti­tle of Good, in strictness, but he, Psal. 119.6. He is Good, and doth Good, and that continually. And who that is wise will not love, and serve, and strive to please so Good a God?

As for the last Attribute which I named, perfect Ho­liness, this the Heavenly Inhabitants, the Cherubins and Seraphins adore continually, crying, Holy, Holy, Holy is the Lord of hosts. The whole earth is full of his glory, Isa. 6.3. Rev. 4.8. And being Holy, he cannot be the Author of any Moral evil, of any evil of sin, Jam. 1.13. Let no man say, when he is tempted, that he is tem­pted of God, for God cannot be tempted to evil, neither tem­pteth he any man. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust and enticed. Nor doth he approve, nor delight in any evil, but will surely visit it, Hab. 1.13. He is a God of purer eyes than to behold iniquity. Psal. 2.3. Thou art not a God that hast pleasure in wicked­ness, neither shall any evil dwell with thee. We there­fore that profess to believe in, and worship so Holy a God, must be Holy, as he is Holy, in all manner of conver­sation and Godliness, 1 Pet. 1.15, 16. we must with David, Psal. 139.12. hate all sin, as God hateth it with a perfect hatred. These are the chief Divine Attributes and per­fections, not excluded, but implied in what the Creed expresly mentions, Almighty; now

Q. How did God manifest Himself Al­mighty?

A. By making of Heaven and Earth.

Q. What mean you by heaven and earth?

A. The whole world and all things therein.

Catechist. That of the Apostle, Col. 1.10. is full to the purpose, By him were all things Created, that are in Heaven and in the Earth, whether they be thrones or Do­minions, or principalities, or powers, All things were created by him.

Q. What mean you by making these?

A. Not only creating them, but also his [Page 31]Preservation and Providence, whereby he Go­verns and disposes them.

Catechist. He is not only, as Joh. 2.10. intitles him, the preserver of men, but David saith also, Ps. 36.6. Thy mercy O Lord, is in the Heavens, thy Faithfulness reacheth unto the clouds, O Lord, thou preservest man and beast. He preserves them, and he provides for them all, Psal. 145.15. The eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou givest them their meat in due season. Thou openest thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing. Yea, and he Governs all the world, and all Actions and Accidents in it, Dan. 4.35. He doth whatsoever he will, in the Army of Heaven, and among the Inhabitants of the Earth, and none can stay his Hand, or say unto him, What dost thou? Even the most Casual and Acciden­tal things, are ordered and overruled by him, Prov. 16.33. The Lot is cast into the lap, but the whole Dispo­sal thereof, is of the Lord. Such is Gods providence, preserving, providing for, and governing and dispo­sing of all his Creatures.

Q. Of what matter did God make the world?

A. Of nothing.

Q. By what means did God make the world?

A. By his word only.

Catechist. See Heb. 11.3. Through Faith we understand, that the worlds were formed by the Word of God, So that things which are seen, were not made of things which do ap­pear. For Gen. 1.3. He said, Let there be Light, and there was light. And so of all the rest, Ps. 33.9. He spake the word, and all was done, He commanded and they stood fast.

Q. For what end did God make the world?

A. For his own Glory.

Catechist. For the glory of his Wisdom, Power, and [Page 32]Goodness; which therefore we should Meditate upon with Isaac, when we view his innumerable Creatures, and consider the operations of his hands. Hence that of Solomon, Prov. 16.4. The Lord made all things for him­self, even the wicked for the day of evil, i.e. to manifest the glory of his justice in them.

Q. Which is Gods chief work, excelling all other Creatures?

A. Next to Angels, Mankind, and he made all the rest, for the use and Benefit of man.

Catechist. The Psalmist admires this, Psal. 8.4, 5, 6. Lord what is man that thou art mindful of him? Thou hast made him little lower than the Angels, and crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have Dominion over the works of thine hands, and put all things under his feet. All sheep and Oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field, the Fowls of the air, and the Fishes of the Sea, and what­soever passeth through the paths of the Sea.

Q. In what estate did God at first make man?

A. In a state of Innocency, Holy and Happy.

Q. How then came sin into the world?

A. By Adams fall.

Catechist. These and the following Questions and Answers, are necessary to shew you how all mankind came to stand in need of Jesus Christ, the second per­son in the Blessed Trinity, coming in the flesh to be their Redeemer, Eccl. 7.29. This I have found out, saith Solomon, That God made man upright, but they sought out many inventions. The History whereof you have in the second and third Chapters of Genesis. The summ whereof is this. God gave our first Parents a special Command­ment [Page 33]for the proof of their Obedience, viz. not to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil, with this Sanction, In the day thou eatest thereof, Thou shalt die the death. But they listned to the Temptations of the Ser­pent, the Devil, who hating God, and envying the hap­piness of man, belied God, saying, they should not die, but only God forbad this fruit, lest they should be as Gods knowing good and evil, and to him they heark­ned, and so fell from God, and from that state of innocency wherein he created them, by sinning against him.

Q. How can Adams fall concern his posterity?

A. The Covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but also for his posterity, therefore all Mankind descending from him by Ordinary Generation, sinned in him and fell with him in his first Transgression.

Q. What Covenant spake you of now?

A. The old Covenant of works made with Adam before his Fall, as a publick person, representing all mankind, that should descend of his Loyns.

Q. Christ Jesus descended from Adam; Did he then fall in him?

A. No: for he descended from Adam by an extraordinary Generation, and so took our nature, without the sinfulness and corruption of our nature.

Catechist. I pray mark that expression well, (all man­kind that descended from Adam by ordinary Genera­tion) for this is purposely intended to except Christ, who was conceived in the Virgins Womb in an ex­traordinary manner, by the power of the Holy ghost, and born of her, being still a pure Virgin, having no [Page 34]Knowledge of man, so that taking our nature in an extraordinary way of Generation, he received our nature free from, and Untainted with the sinfulness and cor­ruption of our nature. But all others descending from Adam in an ordinary way of Generation, are inwrap­ped in his Guilt, as their common parent, Head, and Representative. So that Psal. 14.2. Amongst all man­kind, There is not one Righteous, no not one: for Ps. 51.7. All are conceived in sin, and born in iniquity. Rom. 5.12. By one man sin entred into the world, and death by sin, and so death passeth upon all men, in that all have sinned, i. e. By him, in whom, (as it is in the Margent) all have sinned. Ver. 18. By the offence of one, judgment came up­on all to Condemnation.

Q. In what estate then are all men besides Je­sus Christ, that are born of Adam since the fall?

A. Guilty of sin, and prone to all sin.

Catechist. Guilty of Sin. For Rom. 5.19. By one mans Disobedience, many are made sinners. And then (which is that corruption of nature I spake of) they are prone to all sin, and I add, averse to all good. For Adam begat sons and daughters after his own Image, The Image of Corruption. A corrupt Tree will have corrupt fruit. Hence that unanswerable question of Job 14.4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? Not one.

Q. What Dangers are we liable to, by rea­son of this Original Guilt and proneness to sin in our nature, and the actual sins of our lives?

A. To all Gods judgments in this Life, and Eternal torments in that to come.

Catechist. For Eph. 2.3. We are children of Wrath, one as well as the other. And Rom. 6.23. The Wages of sin is Death, Death Temporal, Death Spiritual, and Death Eternal. And this Death (as the Apostle saith in the [Page 35]forequoted Text,) hath passed upon all men, for that all have sinned; And as it is Rom. 3.23. and come short of the glory of God.

Q What means have we to be delivered from these sins and Dangers to which for sin we are liable?

A. Only by our Saviour and Redeemer, the second person in the Blessed Trinity.

Catechist, Thus are we orderly led to what the Creed teaches us to believe concerning him, Ps. 89.19. God laid help upon one that is mighty, and exalted one chosen out of the people. And this One so chosen, Mighty to save, so loved the world, that he freely and willingly un­dertook it, saying, Psal. 40.7. Lo, I come, it is written of me, I come to do thy will, O God. And from hence is he called, The Angel of the Covenant, Mal. 3.1. For he came to found and establish a new Covenant betwixt God and man, and to work a reconciliation, to found a re­medying Covenant after the former was broken and a­bolished, and so became he a Saviour of men, The Au­thor of Eternal Salvation to all them that obey him, Heb. 5.9.

Q. What is the name of our Saviour?

A. Jesus Christ.

Q. What do those names signifie?

A. Jesus is a Hebrew name signifying as much as Saviour, and Christ is Greek, and signifies (as the word Messiah doth) a per­son Anointed to the threefold office of Pro­phet, Priest, and King.

Catechist. The Angel appointed him his Name Je­sus to Joseph and Mary at the Annunciation, Mat. 1.20. His name shall be called Jesus, for he shall save his people from their sins. And then they, When the eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, so called him, being Sir named by the Angel before he was conceived in the [Page 36]Womb, Luk. 2.21. As for his other name (Christ, or in Hebrew, Messiah) it is equivalent to our Sirnames, and signifies his Office, being in English, as much as The Anointed one. For God Anointed him with the Ho­ly ghost, the oyl of gladness, above his Fellows, Ps. 45.7. And as it was proper to three sorts of persons to be Anointed, Kings, and Priests, and Prophets, so was he anointed King, Ps. 2.6. Yet have I set my King upon my Holy Hill of Sion. And Priest, Heb. 6.20. He was made High Priest, after the order of Melchizedek. And Pro­phet, for of him Moses spake, Acts 2.45. A Prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your Brethren like unto me, Him shall ye hear. And in fullfilling these offices, of making Atonement for our sins, by the sa­crifice of himself upon the Cross, and continual inter­cession for us, as a Priest; teaching us his Fathers Will for our Salvation, as a Prophet; and ruling and protecting us as a King, consists that great Salvation, which he, as our Jesus, wrought and workt for us, and which is offered to us in his Holy Gospel. Now being thus set forth to us by his Names, next he is described to us in the Creed by his Natures.

Q. What is Jesus Christ for his person, God only, or Man only, or both God and man?

A. Both God and man: Man, that he might be capable of suffering in the same nature wherein we had sinned: and God, that he might be able to give full satisfaction for our sins.

Catechist. It is written, that without shedding of blood there can be no remission, Heb. 9.22. For so had God threatned, Gen. 2.17. In the day thou sinnest, thou shalt dye the death. As therefore God would be true to his Word, it was necessary for our Redeemer to be man, that he might be capable of suffering death for our sins, [Page 37]in the same nature wherein they were committed. And as necessary it was for him to be God, that he might be able to satisfie; That his death and sufferings might by the Dignity of his person be of infinite value, to satisfie the infinite debt of our sins to Gods justice. For Heb. 10.4. It was not possible, that the bloud of Bulls and Goats offered in sacrifice, should take away sins: But all the vertue they had, was as Types and Figures of the pretious Blood of Christ the Son of God, as of a Lamb without spot and without blemish, 1 Pet. 1.18. So, God he must be, whosoever will undertake to satisfie for our sins, by suffering for them, and God he was, who purchased his Church with his own blood, Act. 20.28.

Q. How prove you by your Creed then, that Jesus Christ is true God?

A. I believe Him to be His, to wit, Gods only Son, our Lord.

Catechist. The Son of God must needs be God: God of God, very God of very God. Now God owned him for his Son, by a voice from heaven at his Bap­tism, Matth. 3.17. This is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased. Now to anticipate an Objection, the next Question and Answer shews how our being Gods Sons, differs from His being so. And thereof the Apostle Heb. 1.1. compared with chap. 2.1, 3. gives a very remark­able application.

Q. Are not we also Sons of God, and how then is he Gods only Son, or how doth his be­ing Gods Son, prove him to be God?

A. We are only Sons of God by Adop­tion in Christ: but Christ is Gods Son by e­ternal Generation, He is Gods only begotten Son, very God of very God, as really God of the substance of the Father, begotten be­fore [Page 38]the World, as he was Man of the sub­stance of his Mother born in the World.

Catechist. 2 Tim. 1.13. Let us hold fast this form of sound words in Faith and Love, which is in Christ Jesus, and always carry in mind the Apostles inference from it, in the forequoted place. God who at sundry times, and in divers manners, spake in times past to the Fa­thers by the Prophets, Hath in these last days spoken to us by his Son (as the Great Mediator between Him and us) Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed, to the things we hear, lest at any time we let them slip. For if the word spoken by Angels was stedfast, and every transgression and disobedience received a just re­compence of reward, How shall we escape if we neglect so great Salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord, and was confirmed to us, by them that heard him? Let us pass on then to the other proof of Christs Divinity.

Q. How did Christ become our Lord?

A. He both made us, and redeemed us with his pretious blood, and we have in Baptism given up ourselves to him, to be his Servants.

Catechist. Ps. 100.3. He made us, and not we ourselves. So is he our Lord, as we are his Creatures. For John 1.3. All things were made by him, and without him was no­thing made that was made. And being lost he also re­deemed us, so that he is our Lord by right of pur­chase: 1 Cor. 6.20. He bought us with a price, therefore we are not our own, but his; therefore is he our Lord. And being so our Lord, he is certainly God: for who but God is King of Kings, and Lord of Lords, Rev. 1.6. and who but God can be called by that incommuni­cable Name of God, Jehova, and so is Christ, Hos. 1.7. I will have mercy upon them, and will save them by the Lord, Jehova, and not by how or sheild. O what cause have we then, to own him for our Lord, by devoting our [Page 39]selves to his Service! Cast we then our eyes upon the other Nature of his.

Q. How prove you by your Creed, that Je­sus Christ is true man?

A. I believe him to be Conceived in the Womb, by the Holy Ghost, born of the Vir­gin Mary.

Catechist. An answer containing what the Apostle, 1 Tim. 3.16. Calls the great Mystery of Godliness, God ma­nifested in the flesh. Nay, John 1.14. The Word made flesh. and thus runs the Argument to prove Christs Manhood, He had an Human Conception, and Human Birth; was conceived like other men, and was born of a woman as other men are, and therefore he was Man. For further understanding of all its particulars, I ask you,

Q. Had Christ any natural Father as Man?

A. No.

Q. By what power then was he Conceived in, and born of a woman?

A. By the power of the Holy ghost.

Catechist. Of this we are assured by the Angel which said unto Mary, Luk. 1.31. Thou shalt conceive and bear a Son, &c. and when she demanded How can this be, seeing I know not a man? he answered her, ver. 35. The Ho­ly Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee, Therefore that Holy thing which shall be born of thee, shall be called the Son of God. So, by the Blessed Virgins protestation, it is evident, she knew not a man, therefore had her Son no natural Father.

Q. What do you learn from that?

A. That taking our nature of her substance in such an extraordinary way, the Holy Ghost purifying it, He took it without sin, being to suffer for our sins.

Catechist. For Heb. 7.26. Such must our High Priest be, Holy, harmless, and undefiled, separate from sinners. He must have no sin of his own, who undertook to satis­fie Gods Justice for our sins.

Q. Who was this Virgin Mary?

A. She was of the tribe of Judah, of which Tribe the Messiah was to come.

Catechist. That she was of that Tribe appears by Christs pedegree or Genealogy, Mat. 1. and Luk. 3. as also by Jo­seph's and Mary's going to be taxed at Bethlehem Judah, for this very reason, because they were of that Tribe, Luk. 2.3, 4.

Q. How then do you prove Christ to be the true Messiah?

A. All the Prophecies were exactly fulfilled in him, as to his Tribe, parents, place and time of Birth, and his manner of Life, and Death, and Resurrection.

Catechist. The Messiah, the Saviour of the world was foretold to come of the Tribe of Judah, of the root of Jesse and house of David, Luk. 1.27. to be conceived of a Virgin, Isa. 7.14. Behold a Virgin shall conceive, &c. and for the place, to be born in Bethlehem. Micah 5.2. And thou Bethlehem in the land of Judah, art not the least of the Princes of Judah, for out of thee shall come a Governour that shall rule my people Israel. And for the Time, to come as Shile, when the Scepter should be departed from Judah, Gen 49.10. And after the Seventy weeks was determined, by Daniel, ch 9.24. and while the second Temple stood, by the Prophet Haggai, chap. 2.9. which within Fourty years after Christ, was demolished, so that not one stone was left upon another. And the purity of his life, and the cruelty and violence offered him in his death, are clearly spoken of by the Prophet Isaiah, chap. 53. throughout. And his Resurrection by the Psalmist, Ps. 16.11. So that all things came to pass according to [Page 41]the Prophecy. Learn this argument therefore against all Jews and Infidels Nothing befel Christ which was not foretold, and nothing was foretold, which was not exactly fulfilled in Christ, therefore he was certainly the true Christ or Messiah which was to come into the world.

Thus have you what your Creed teacheth you to be­lieve, of your Saviours Names and Natures. Now see and learn what his work of Salvation and Redemption was which he wrought, or the manner of his working it.

Q. How did Christ effect the great work of our Redemption?

A. By his lowly Humiliation, wherein he shewed the Truth of his Manhood: and by his Glorious Exaltation, wherein did shine the bright raies of his Godhead.

Catechist. You have both these in one notable Text of St. Pauls, Phil. 2.6, 7, 8, 9. Being in the form of God, He thought it no robbery to be equal with God, But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men, and being found in fashion as a man, He humbled himself, and be­came obedient unto death, even the death of the Cross; Where­fore God also hath highly exalted him, &t.

Q. Wherein consists Christs lowly Humiliation?

A. In that he suffered under Pontius Pi­late, was Crucified, dead and buried, and descended into Hell for us.

Q. Wherein consists Christs Glorious Exal­tation?

A. In that he by his own power rose a­gain the third day from the dead, ascended into Heaven, and sitteth at the right Hand of God the Father Almighty, and from thence [Page 42]shall come again to judge all, both quick and dead.

Q. When did Christ suffer?

A. It was when Pontius Pilate, the Ro­man Emperours Deputy, was Governour of Judea.

Catechist. Matth. 27.1, 2. The Chief Priests and the El­ders of the people, took councel together to put him to death. And when they had bound him, they led him away, and deli­vered him to Pentius Pilate the Governour.

Q. Why is this expressed in the Creed?

A. To shew it was now the set time fore­told for the Messiah's coming, The Scepter was now, according to Jacobs Prophecy, de­parted from Judah.

Catechist. The Jews had now been Sixty years sub­ject to the Roman Emperour, and his Governours, or Deputies, so that Jacobs Prophecy concerning the time of the Shilo's coming, was now exactly fulfilled.

Q. Was it necessary for Christ to suffer? and to suffer death?

A. Yes: Both Types and Prophecies fore­told it, and our sins deserved it, and he must die to destroy death, and to satisfie the Ju­stice of God for our sins.

Catechist. The killing of the Sacrifices under the Law, and the Paschal Lamb slain, were Eminent Types of Christs death. The Prophet Isaiah clearly foretold His being cut off out of the land of the Living, and all the Prophets wrote, that the Son of man should suffer many things, 1 Pet. 1.11. Our sins deserved death, the wages [Page 43]of sin being death, Rom. 6.23. He therefore must die for them, as a sacrifice to Gods Justice, who under­took for us, 2 Cor. 5.21. He who knew no sin, became sin for us, i. e. a Sacrifice for sin, and no other way but by death, could He destroy death, and him that hath the power of death, the Devil, Heb. 2.13.

Q. What manner of Death did Christ suffer?

A. The accursed death of the Cross. To free us from the Curse, He became a Curse for us.

Catechist. Isaac's bearing the Wood for the Sacri­fice, and the Brazen Serpent being lifted up upon the Pole, were Types of this sort of death: and not a Bone of the Paschal Lamb to be broken when it was slain, and the Prophecies of piercing his hands and his feet, plainly pointed at the manner how Christ was to die, even by Crucifying, for these were circumstances usual therein. And lastly, let us always remember that of the Apostle, Gal. 3.13. that it being an accursed death, (for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree, Deut. 21.23.) He thereby redeemed us from the Curse, by being made a curse for us.

Q. Why was Christ buried?

A. To sweeten the Grave for us, and to Conquer death in his own proper place and Dominion.

Catechist. So was it foretold, Hos. 13.14. I will ran­some them from the power of the Grave; I will redeem them from death. O death, I will be thy plague, O Grave, I will be thy Destruction. And hence the Apostle's Tri­umph, 1 Cor. 15.56, 57. O Death, where is thy sting? O Grave, where is thy Victory? The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the Law, but thanks be to God, who hath given us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.

Q. How did Christ descend into Hell?

A. All men grant he continued in the state of the dead for a time, both as to his body and as to his Soul, and did so descend into Hell, as to free me and all Believers from Hell.

Catechist. Of this the Psalmist spake in the Spi­rit of Prophecy most clearly, saying, Psal. 16.10. Thou wilt not leave my Soul in Hell, and the Apostle, Act. 2.31. quotes it, and applies it to Christ, so that it is certain he descended into Hell, but for the manner how, there have been great Controversies about it, and the safest resolution is, to adhere to what all grant, till God shall clearly reveal it to us.

Q. What use must we make of Christs suffer­ings, and his death?

A. To hate sin, which caused Christs death in so cruel a manner; to admire Christs Love in thus dying, that we may live, and to die to sin as Christ dyed for sin.

Catechist. We must as the Prophet Zachary teacheth, chap. 12.10. Look upon him whom we have peirced, i. e. by our sins, for they were Christs Murderers, His enemies but the Instruments thereof. We must therefore look upon him with tears of unfeigned repentance for them: and wo be to them who by repeating their sins, and a continued Impenitency therein, crucifie the son of God afresh! Heb. 6.6. On the contrary therefore, Let us con­sider and admire Christs love in dying for us: for John 15.13. Greater Love hath no man than to lay down his life for his friend. But Rom. 5.8. God commended his love to us, that while we were yet sinners, and so his enemies, Christ died for us. And O! therefore as he died for [Page 45]sin, so let us die unto sin, and no longer live therein. Rom. 6.11. Let us reckon ourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto righteousness. For 1 Pet. 2.24. He his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we being dead unto sin, should live unto righteousness. And thus by his stripes we shall be healed. Thus have you now the do­ctrine of Christs lowly Humiliation. Now I pray con­sider well also the several steps of his Glorious Ex­altation.

Q. Did Christ, being dead, remain under the power of Death?

A. No, he rose again from the dead.

Catechist. Psal. 16.10. God did not suffer his Holy one to see corruption. Rom. 6.9. Death could have no Dominion over him, at least not keep it; but he Conquered it in its proper hold the Grave, and as many eye witnesses assure us, He rese again according to the Scriptures, 1 Cor. 15.4.

Q. When did he rise again?

A. The third day according to the Pro­phecy.

Catechist. Himself had expressly foretold his ene­mies the Jews, that after three days he would rise a­gain, Mark 14.12. and they were sensible of it, that their malice would be apparent if he should do so, and his cause would be glorious before all the world: The latter errour (they said) would be worse than the first, Matth. 27.64. Therefore they set a watch, and did all they could to procure it. But maugre the po­licy of Earth and Hell, of men and Devils, Christ rose again indeed, and that at the precise time which he foretold, The third day. No sooner, to shew that he was really dead: No later, lest his Body should cor­rupt, should see corruption.

Q. Who raised him up?

A. Himself: and this his rising by his own power proved him to be God, and that he had fully satisfied for our sins.

Catechist. He told them beforehand that he both could and would do it, John 10.18. I have power to lay down my life, and I have power to take it again. John 2.19. Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up, Speak­ing of the temple of his body. Now hereby he manifestly proved himself to be the Son of God, and God. Rom. 1.4. He was declared to be the Son of God with power, ac­cording to the spirit of Holiness, by the Resurrection from the dead. And it was an infallible token of Gods ju­stice being fully satisfied for our sins. Rom. 4.25. He was delivered for our offences, and raised again for our Justification.

Q. How long stayed he on Earth after his Re­surrection?

A. Forty days.

Q. What to do?

A. To teach his disciples the things of his Kingdome, that is, to Commission and in­struct them how to gather and fettle his Church throughout the World.

Catechist. Act. 1.3. He shewed himself to his Apostles alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them Fourty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the Kingdom of God; which is his Church. And for the gathering thereof, we find Matth. 28.19, 20. He gave them this Commission, Go, Teach all Nations (or disciple all Nations) baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: And for the in­structing and governing the Church so gathered, He [Page 47]then gave them this General direction, teaching them to do whatsoever I have commanded you: And loe I am with you always to the end of the world, is the gracious pro­mise wherewith he then encouraged them in this work. And during this time it was that he called upon Peter in special, but doubtless therein requiring it of all the other Apostles, Peter lovest thou me? seed my sheep, Lovest thou me? feed my lambs, John 21.15, 16, 17.

Q. Whither went he after these Fourty days?

A. He ascended into Heaven.

Q. What to do there?

A. To prepare a place for us, and conti­nually to make intercession for us.

Catechist. Heb. 9.11, 12. Our High Priest entred into the most Holy place, having obtained Eternal Redemption for us. Act. 1.19. While they were speaking with him. Luk. 24.50. While he blessed them, the Disciples beheld, and loe he was taken up, and a cloud received him out of their sight. Now of this speaks St. Ambrose's Song, called Te Deum, He opened the Kingdom of heaven to all believers. For see what he himself said, John 14.2. In my fathers house are many Mansions; I go to prepare a place for you, and if I go to prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to my self, that, where I am, ye may be also. Wherefore (as the Apostle, Heb. 7.25. inferreth hence) He is able to save to the uttermost them that come to God by Him, seeing he ever liveth to make inter­cession for us.

Q. What place hath Christ now in Heaven?

A. He in our nature sits at the right hand of God.

Catechist. So himself foretold his enemies, Luk. 22.69. Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting at the right hand of power. And hereof many Texts assure us, [Page 48]1 Cor. 3.1, 2. If ye be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth at the Right hand of God.

Q Hath God any hands, either right hand or left?

A. No: God is a Spirit, and hath neither bodily parts nor passions.

Catechist. So doth Christ himself define God, Joh. 4.24. God is a Spirit. And Luk. 24.19. He thus de­scribes a Spirit, that it hath no bodily parts. Handle me and see, for a Spirit hath neither flesh nor bones as ye see me have.

Q. What mean you then by Christs sitting at Gods right hand?

A. I mean his fulness of Glory and Ma­jesty as God-man, with infinite power to de­stroy his, and his Churches enemies.

Catechist. So he told his Disciples, Matth. 28.18. All power is given to me in Heaven and in Earth. Such power, that Psal. 110.1. His enemies are his footstool. Eph. 1.20. He is far above all principalities, and powers, and might and Dominion, and every name that is named, both in this world, and the world to come. For Act. 2.34, 35. Him whom they crucified, hath God thus made, both Lord and Christ.

Q. Will Christ ever come again from Heaven?

A. Yes: with Holy Angels, in great glo­ry at the last day.

Q. What to do?

A. To judge all men, both them that are alive at his coming, and all them that died from the beginning of the World.

Catechist. Hereof Enoch the Seventh from Adam Pro­phecied, Jude 14. Behold the Lord cometh with ten thou­sands of his Saints, to execute judgment. And so the Angels told his Disciples at his Ascension into Hea­ven, Act. 1.11. Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into Heaven? This same Jesus whom ye have seen go up in­to Heaven, shall so come as ye have seen him go into Hea­ven. 1 Thes. 4.16. The Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the Archangel, and with the trump of God. And then, 2 Cor. 5.10. we must all appear before the judgement seat of Christ. For Act. 17.31. God hath appointed a day, wherein he will judge the world in righteousness, by that Man whom he hath or­dained, whereof he hath given assurance to all men, in that he raised him up from the dead. And see the reason why he hath ordained him to this great office in the next Answer.

Q. Why will God commit this judgment unto Christ?

A. To glorifie his Son, who was so much vilified upon Earth; and it is the Comfort of true Believers, that their Saviour shall be their Judge.

Q. What manner of judgment shall it be?

A. A most strict Account must be given of all mens thoughts, words and actions, how they have agreed with, or been contrary to his word, and none can escape, nor hide their sins from his Knowledge.

Catechist. Read often I pray you what description the Apostle gives hereof, 1 Thes. 2.3. That day of the Lord shall come as a thief in the night, for when men shall say, peace and safety, then cometh sudden destruction upon them, as travel upon a woman with child, and they shall not escape. [Page 50]Matth. 25.31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, with his Holy Angels, then shall he sit in his Throne of Glo­ry, and before him shall be gathered all Nations, and he shall separate them one from another, as a Shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats. And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left, Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come ye blessed of my Father, &c. But ver. 41. To them on his left hand, He will say, Depart from me ye cursed, &c. And ver. 46. These shall go into Everlasting punishment, but the Righteous into Life E­ternal.

Q. What use are we to make of these seve­ral parts of Christs Exaltation?

A. To rise again with Christ unto all newness of life, to set our affections on things above, where Christ is, To serve him with fear, because all power is given him, and to judge ourselves daily, and to watch over all our thoughts, words, and actions, as they that must give account thereof at Christs tribunal.

Catechist. All these the Scripture splainly teach us, Rom. 6.4. We are buried with Christ by Baptism, that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of his Father; even so we also should walk in newness of life. And this is the proper use to be made of Christs Resur­rection: for it follows there, having been planted toge­ther in the likeness of his death, we shall be also planted to­gether in the likeness of his Resurrection. Col. 3.1. If ye be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ is set at the Right hand of God. This is the use we are to make of Christs Ascension and sitting at the Right hand of God. In short, Psal. 2.11. Serve the Lord with fear, kiss the Son lest he be angry, and so ye [Page 51]perish, if his wrath be kindled, yea but a little, blessed are all they that put their trust in him And that is a Me­ditation very proper for that whole Exaltation of Christ, that is past already: and then let what is to come be always in our minds, even his coming to judgment; That judging ourselves, we may not be judged of the Lord, 1 Cor. 11.31. And seeing all these things shall be then dissolved, let us seriously consider, as St. Peter 2 Ep. 3.11. admonisheth us, What manner of persons we ought to be in all manner of Conversation and Godliness.

Thus have you what the Creed teacheth you con­cerning the two first persons in the blessed Trinity. The Father and the Son; now

Q. What dost thou believe concerning the Third Person?

A. I believe that he is God the Holy Ghost, Proceeding from the Father and the Son, One with them, Holy in himself, and the Au­thor of all Holiness in us.

Catechist. I shall further explain to you, and prove the several parts of this Answer in the following Que­stions, and their answers. I ask you then

Q. Is not the Father a Spirit, and was not the Son also a pure Spirit, before he took our na­ture upon him?

A. Yes: But the Holy Ghost is the Spirit of the Father, and of the Son, inspired or proceeding from them both.

Catechist. True, and from hence he is called the spi­rit of the Father, Matth. 10.20. And the spirit of the Son, Gal. 4.6. And as the Father sent the spirit, John 14.26. So the Son promised his Disciples to send the spirit when he left them to the wide world. John 15.26. When the [Page 52]Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the spirit of Truth, which proceedeth from the Father, He shall testifie of me.

Q. Is the Holy Ghost God?

A. Yes: He is One with, and Equal to the Father and the Son.

Catechist. Being one with, and equal to them, he must necessarily be God, very God. For being three persons, they are but one God, 1 John 5.7. There are three that bear record in Heaven, The Father, the Word, and the Spirit, and these three are One. Besides which plain Text to prove the Divinity of the Holy Ghost, There is one General Argument, which is not hard to learn or remember, for arming yourselves against all such Hereticks as deny the Holy Ghost, to be God, as well as our Saviour. The name of God, the Attri­butes of God, the Works of God, and the Honours which belong to God alone, are ascribed to the Holy Ghost; Therefore the Holy Ghost is God. Particu­larly we are all Baptized, as in the name of the Fa­ther, and of the Son, so in the name of the Holy Ghost. And here in the Creed we profess to believe in the Holy Ghost, as well as as in God the Father, and in Jesus Christ, the only Son of God. And be­lieving in, is an honour peculiar to God. We may not believe in any Creature, in any but God. For it implies Trust and Affiance, and Jer. 17.5. Cursed is he, that trusts in any Arm of flesh. To name only one Text more, Act. 5.3. When Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Ghost, concerning the price of their lands, they are expressly said, to lie to God, and not to men. Therefore the Holy Ghost is God.

Q Why is he called the Holy Spirit, or the Holy Ghost?

A. Being Holy in himself, he Sanctifies us, and all our Holiness is his work, he is the Author of all Holiness in us.

Catechist. Holiness is his Essential Attribute: and San­ctification, or making us Holy, is his proper Work. And hence we read of the Sanctification of the Spirit, 1 Thes. 2.13. and of the renewing of the Holy Ghost, Tit. 3.5. And hereby he seals us to the day of Redemption, Ephes. 4.30.

Q. By what means doth the spirit Sancti­fie us?

A. The Holy Scriptures were written by men inspired by the spirit, and he daily en­lightens, converts, sanctifies and comforts our souls by them in the Ministry of the Word.

Q. What must we then do, that the spirit may Sanctifie us?

A. We must highly esteem, and constant­ly attend Gods Holy Ordinances, and obey all the Holy Spirit's godly motions in our hearts.

Catechist. The Spirit moves in these waters, as in the Pool of Bethesda, to heal the diseases of our Souls, and we are therefore warned to take heed that we do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, Ephes. 4.30. nor quench the spirit, 1 Thes. 5.19. Which is done, as by any will­ful gross sin, so by despising prophecying, 1 Thes. 1.20. by slighting, neglecting or making light of any of Gods Holy Ordinances.

Thus have you what the Creed teaches you to be­lieve, concerning the Holy Ghost also, and so concer­ning all the Persons in the Blessed Trinity. Proceed we then to what it teacheth concerning the Church.


Q. Who are they that shall receive any bene­fit by Christs Redemption, and the Spirit's San­ctification?

A. Only the Holy Catholick Church: that is, such as in any age or place, are called to Faith and Repentance, and do evidence the truth of a lively Faith, and true Repen­tance, by constant Obedience to Gods Will revealed in his Word.

Q. What mean you by a Church?

A. The Company of the Faithful, that is, such as are called to Faith and Repentance.

Catechist. Neither can the Pope, nor any one parti­cular Person upon Earth, be truly called the Church. For it is a Company, a Body consisting of many mem­bers. And hence Christ calls it a flock, though it be a little flock in comparison of the whole world, that lyes in wickedness, Luk. 12.32. Fear not little flock, for it is your Fathers good pleasure to give you the Kingdom. And St. Peter 2 Ep. 2.9. useth these Plural and Col­lective words, calling the Church a chosen generation, a Royal Priesthood, an Holy nation, a peculiar people. Caetus Vocatorum. It is a Company of called ones: such as are called out of the world to forsake its sinful ways and Customs, to profess Repentance from dead works and Faith, towards our Lord Jesus Christ. Of which calling S. Paul saith, 2 Tim. 1.9. They are called with an Holy calling. Rom. 1.7. Called to be Saints. In a word, 2 Thes. 2.13. They are called, as well as chosen, to salvation through san­ctification of the spirit and belief of the Truth.

Q. What signifies this word (Catholick.)

A. It is a Greek word, and is as much as Universal.

Q. What mean you by believing the Church, to be Catholick or Ʋniversal?

Q. That Gods Church is not now confined to any one place, or people, as it was under the Old Testament, but all that are called, in any Age, or Place, are now of the Catholick Church, being United into one Mystical body.

Catechist. Under the Old Testament, Psal. 76.1, 2. In Judah was God known, His name was great in Israel, Je­rusalem was his Tabernacle, and his dwelling place was in Si­on. Psal. 147.19, 10. He shewed his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel, He dealt not so with any Other nation, neither had the Heathen knowledge of his Law. But now under the Gospel or New Testament, The partition wall between Jew and Gentile, being by Christs Death broken down, Both are become one sheep­fold under one Shepherd. And according to Gods pro­mise to Christ, Ps. 2.8. The Heathen are given to him for an Inheritance, and the utmost parts of the Earth for a pos­session. So that now, Act. 10.34, 35. God is no Accepter of persons: But in every nation, He that feareth God and work­eth righteousness is accepted with him. And hence S. John saith, Rev. 7.9. That he in his vision beheld, and loe a great multitude which no man could number of all nations, and kin­dreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, Crying with a loud voice, Salvation to our God, that sitteth on the throne, and to the Lamb for ever.

Q. Who is the Head of this Mystical Body, the Catholick Church?

A. No man living but Christ only.

Catechist. It is pride and presumption in the Pope to claim this Honour which belongs to Christ alone. [Page 56]For Eph. 5.23. He alone is Head of the Church, who is the Saviour of the Body. Col. 1.18. He is the Head of the Body, the Church, Who is the beginning, the first born from the dead, that in all things he might have the pre­eminence. For it pleaseth the Father, that in him all ful­ness should dwell.

Q. Hath God always had a Church on Earth?

A. Yes: and will have to the end of the world; it can never be destroyed utterly.

Catechist. It was Christs promise to his Disciples, and in them to his Church, (All that through them should afterwards believe in his name) To be with them al­way to the end of the world, Matth. 28.20. And he said, Matth. 16.18. Ʋpon this Rock, (that is, the Truth con­fessed by St. Peter there, That he was the Christ, the Son of the Living God) upon this rock would he build his Church, and the Gates of Hell should not prevail a­gainst it, i. e. quite destroy or root it out of the world.

Q. Can any one Church, as that of Rome, call it self the Catholick Church, in opposition to other Churches?

A. No, no more than Rome can be called the whole world.

Catechist. Rome is at the best, but one Member of the Catholick Church of Christ, and can no more pro­perly be called the Catholick Church, than either It, or any one Particular place can be called the whole World.

Q. Is Christs Church always visible upon Earth?

A. That of sincere Christians is invisible; That of all Christian professors is visible.

Catechist. The Church Visible is the Light of the world, and a City set upon an Hill, which cannot be hid, Mat. 5.14. [Page 57]It is alway visible, at least, to them that are of it, and profess Christianity. But sometimes it may be so persecuted as to flee like the woman into the Wilderness, where she hath a place prepared for her, for that time of persecution; Rev. 12.6. and then it is not so visible as to be glorious, and to prosper and flourish in the eyes of the world.

Q. Why is Christs Church said to be Holy, an Holy Church?

A. Because of its better part, sincere Chri­stians in it; and because of its Holy Ordi­nances, and Gods commands, and our pro­fession of true Holiness.

Catechist. 1 Pet. 2.9. It is an Holy Nation, a peculiar people. Rev. 21.2. It's an Holy City, the new Jerusalem. Not but that there is a mixture of good and bad, godly and prophane in the Church: for our Saviour com­pares the Church, which he calls the Kingdom of hea­ven, Matth. 13.24. to a field, wherein tares grow up with the wheat. And ver. 47. to a draw-net, that incloseth both good fish and bad, with divers others of the like Na­ture. But the Church is Holy, as for its Holy things, so because all its members do or should profess Holi­ness, it is a company or Congregation of men, who are called with an holy calling, or Vocation. 2 Tim. 1.9. For every man that nameth the name of Christ, or on whom the name of Christ is called, being called Christian, is bound to depart from Iniquity, 2 Tim. 2.19.

Q. But who then are they that are truly Holy?

A. Such as believe aright, and live an­swerably: such as evidence the truth of a lively Faith, and Unfeigned Repentance, by constant Obedience to Gods Will revealed in his Word.

Catechist. So I have often told you, for St. James 2.18. saith Shew me thy Faith by thy works. And he there argues it at large, that good Works of Obedience, are the only things, that can evidence a mans Faith to be true, and alive and not dead, or no better than that Faith of Devils, who believe and tremble.

Q. What duties doth our believing the Holy Catholick Church oblige us all to?

A. Carefully to practice Holiness ourselves, and by all means to take heed of Schisms, Di­visions, and Separations from Gods Church; for thereby we shall lose all visible Hopes of Salvation.

Catechist. I therefore a prisoner of the Lord, saith the Apostle, Eph. 4.1. beseech you, that ye walk worthy of the Vocation wherewith ye are called, with all lowliness and meekness, endeavoring to keep the Ʋnity of the Spirit, in the Bond of peace, that is, Unity in Spiritual things. For (as he goes on argumentatively) There is one Bo­dy and one Spirit, one Faith, one Lord, one Baptism, One God and Father of all. All which (Ones) the Apostle argueth, should oblige us to be One, to keep fast the Unity, and by no means to separate from the one Bo­dy, the Church. And indeed to divide from the one Church, and fall into Schisms, is a sort of renoun­cing this Article of our Creed, I Believe the one Ca­tholick Church. We cannot (verily) heartily believe this, unless we follow the Apostles Rule, Rom. 16.17. I beseech you Brethren, Mark them which cause Divisions among you, and avoid them. And need we had to do so, for there is great Truth in the old saying. Out of the Church, no Salvation; for it is Gods way to add to the Church, not to divide from it those that shall be saved, Act. 2.47. Now after the Church, let us consider the pri­viledges and promises wherewith this Church is enriched.

Q. What are the Churches grand priviledges?

A. Two in This life, and two in the life To come.

Q. Which be those two in This Life?

A. The Communion of Saints, The For­giveness of sins.

Q. Which be those two in the Life To come?

A. The Resurrection of the Body, and the Life Everlasting.

Catechist. And surely it hugely concerns you to un­derstand each of these things well and distinctly. To which purpose, for the Communion of Saints in the first place, I ask you

Q. What do you mean by Saints?

A. The members of Christs Church, who being in part holy here, shall be perfect Saints hereafter in heavenly glory.

Catechist. Saints is as much as Holy Ones. And all the members of the Church called to be Saints, Rom. 1.7. For they are called unto Holiness, 1 Thes. 4.7. It is their duty and profession to follow Holiness, Heb. 12.14. and to go on to perfect Holiness in the fear of God, 2 Cor. 7.1. For being redeemed by Christ, and delivered from the hands of their enemies, it is that they may serve God without fear, in Holiness and Righteousness before him all the days of their lives, Luk. 1.75.

Q. With whom have those Saints Communion?

A. With the Blessed Trinity, as Sons of God, by Faith and prayer; and with one ano­ther in all Ordinances of piety, and all Offices of Charity, as Brethren.

Catechist. That which we have heard and seen, saith [Page 60]S. John 1 Ep. 1.3. We declare unto you, that ye may have fellowship with us; and truly Our fellowship is with the Fa­ther, and with his Son Jesus Christ. With these, the Saints have fellowship and Communion, by all Acts of Faith, and Love, and all Holy affections, and in Gods Holy Ordinances, as in divers instances, so par­ticularly in that God and Christ Communicates to them the riches of his Blessings, Mercies and Consolations, through the merits of Christ, and they acquaint him with all their wants, and troubles, and necessities, tru­sting in him. And as for that fellowship, they have with one another, it consists in divers particulars, as (to name some) They Sympathize with, and have a fellow feeling of one anothers miseries, sufferings, and afflictions, as fellow members one of another. 1 Cor. 12.26. Whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it, or one member be honoured, all the members rejoyce with it. Rom. 12.15. They rejoyce with them that rejoyce, and weep with them that weep. They pray continually, and praise God for each others welfare, saying, Our Father, &c. And what Gifts and Blessings any one enjoyeth, He readily and willingly imployes, and Communicates them for supply, relief, and helping others that want them, whether Wisdom, Wealth or Power.

Q. What is our duty, as Believers of this Communion of Saints?

A. To hold fast this Communion, that we may receive and impart the Benefits of Gods Mercies, and each others Gifts; and to take heed of all causeless separations from Gods Church, or one another in matters of Faith, Worship and Charity.

Catechist. I beseech you, (good Children) learn these lessons, and lay them up in your hearts, that you may walk steadily, and not waver in your Holy Religion [Page 61]to your lives end. If you truly believe the Commu­nion of Saints, you must follow the Apostles Exhor­tation closely, 1 Cor. 1.10. I beseech you Brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, That ye all speak the same things, and that there be no Divisions amongst you, but that ye be perfectly joyned together in the same mind, and in the same judgment. Phil. 2.1, 2. If there be any con­solation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the spirit, if any bowels and mercies, fulfil ye my joy, that ye be like minded, having the same love, being of one accord, and of one mind. Let nothing be done through strife, &c. Take heed of all Breaches of this Com­munion, and of all that would withdraw you from it, Rom. 16.17. Mark them that are for making of Schisms, and Breaches in Christs Body, the Church; that cause divisions amongst us, and follow them not, but avoid them, for they that are such, serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, (what­ever they pretend) but their own bellies, and with good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple. To the next Article then.

Q. What is it to believe the Forgiveness of sins?

A. That Gods justice is satisfied through the Merits of Christs blood, and through them there is mercy, and pardon may be ob­tained for all our sins, if we do but heartily repent, and forsake them.

Catechist. Psal. 130.4. There is forgiveness with thee that thou mayest be feared. How comes this to pass? through Christ, Act. 13.38. Through this man is preached to you forgiveness of sins. Upon what account? because, Matth. 20.28. He gave his life a ransome for us. 1 Cor. 15.4. He died for our sins according to the Scriptures. He was made sin for us, who knew no sin. 2 Cor. 5.21. that is, a Sacrifice to suffer death for our sins in our stead. So hath he purchased a pardon for all sinners, that [Page 62]will but accept of it, upon the condition upon which it is offered them, which I shall choose to express in the words of the Evangelical Prophet, Isaiah 55.7. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the Ʋnrighteous man his imaginations, and return unto the Lord, for he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.

Q. Who then is it that forgives sins?

A. God only.

Catechist. A truth directly contrary to the Popish Priests presumption, in taking this honour to them­selves which belongs to God alone, and I shall content my self with citing the Pharisees question only, which indeed is unanswerable, however they mist it in the application, because they would not believe Christ to be God or the Son of God, Mark 2.7. Who can forgive sins but God only?

Q. How come any to be damned then, if there be such forgiveness with God?

A. It is because they go on wilfully in their sins, and will not be drawn to repentance, but live in sin, and at last either die with­out any sence of their sins, or deceive them­selves with a false and feigned repentance.

Catechist. From hence it is that these two are so closely enjoyned, and may not be parted, for Luk. 24.47. Through his name are repentance, and remission of sins preached. For in order to their being forgiven he now commands all men every where to repent, Act. 17.30. And to bring forth fruits meet for repentance, Matth. 3.8. And thus they must indispensibly do, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance among them which are sanctified by Faith, which is in Christ Jesus, Act. 26.18. To the next Article then, the Resurrection of the Bo­dy. To understand which I ask you.

Q. After Death what becomes of the Souls of men?

A. They return to God to receive the sentence of Absolution, or Condemnation.

Q. And what becomes then of their Bodies?

A. Being laid up in the Grave, they shall at last be raised up to be again inseparably United to their Souls.

Catechist. What becomes of mens Souls Solomon tells you plainly, Eccl. 12.7. When the Dust (i.e. the Body) returns to the Earth as it was, The spirit (i.e. the Soul) returns to God who gave it, (i.e, to be judged by him.) An instance whereof you have in, Luk. 16.22, 23. The Rich man died, and immediately went into hell-torments; and Lazarus died also, and was carried by the Angles in­to Abrahams Bosome. And even so, Heb. 9.27. It is ap­pointed to all men once to die, and after that the judge­men, i. e. the judgment of their Souls by either Abso­lution or Condemnation. And then for the bodies rising from the dead at the last day the Prophet Daniel had a clear foresight thereof, chap. 12.2. Many of them which sleep in the dust shall rise again, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and perpetual contempt. Nay, Christ saith, All shall rise, John 5.28. The hour cometh in the which all that are in the Grave, shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and shall come forth, they that have done good to the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation. Now this is a great mat­ter, and you had need have good grounds to believe it.

Q. What is it then that assures you hereof?

A. Christs being risen, and God being our God, the God of the Body as well as of the Soul, the God of the whole man.

Catechist. The 15 chap. of the first Epistle to the [Page 64] Corinthians, discourses of the Resurrection of the body throughout, and hath divers arguments to prove it, and this for one, ver. 20. Christ is risen from the dead, the first fruits of them that slept. As therefore the first fruits was a pledge of the ensuing Harvest, so was Christs rising from the dead, of ours. And by Gods being the God of Believers, Christ convinced the Sad­duces, who denied the Resurrection, Luk. 20.37. That the dead are raised up (saith he,) even Moses shewed at the Bush, when he called him the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, for he is not a God of the dead, but the living. They must therefore rise again, that God may be their God, and that for ever.

Q. What use must you make of this Doctrine of the Resurrection?

A. To reverence my Body, and not to pro­stitute it to be an Instrument of sin or fil­thiness: and neither to fear death my self, nor to mourn immoderately for the death of my Friends.

Catechist. Great cause have we to bear reverence to our own bodies, so as not to abuse them to be in­struments of sin or filthiness, by overcharging them with surfeting or drunkenness, or by fulfilling our fleshly lusts, in fornication or beastly living, seeing they are at present Temples of the Holy Ghost, which dwelleth in us, 1 Cor. 6.19. And shall at last be raised up spiritual Bodies, glerious, incorruptible, immortal, 1 Cor. 15.42, 43. And this may very much abate all fear of death, see­ing we shall rise again from the dead, and then shall these our vile Bodies be fashioned like to Christs glorious Body, according to the mighty working, whereby he is able to subdue all things to himself, Phil. 3.21. And the A­postle teacheth us hence, 1 Thes. 4.1. not to mourn [Page 65]immoderately, upon the departure of our dearest friends, like the Heathens that are without this hope.

Q. Shall our Bodies being risen ever die again?

A. No; the life to come is Everlasting.

Catechist. After this Resurrection, There shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying, neither any more pain, for the former things are passed away, Rev. 21.4. The last enemy shall be destroyed, even death, 1 Cor. 15.26.

Q. In what estate must all men live ever­lastingly?

A. Some in unconceivable Bliss, others in torments intolerable. Every man according to his works in this life, good or evil.

Catechist. You have it clear in Matth. 25.32, 33. The sheep shall be separated from the goats. And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, and the goats on his left. Then will he say to them on his right hand, Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the beginning of the World. But ver. 41. To them on his left hand will he say, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlast­ing fire prepared for the Devil and his Angels. And ver. 4. [...] These shall go into everlasting punishment, but the Righteous into Life eternal.

Q. Do the Godly Merit or deserve that Bliss, as the wicked do that punishment and Torments?

A. No; Our best good works are due debt, and but imperfect, and Gods Gift, and bears no proportion to the reward, and therefore though death be the wages of sin, yet Eter­nal Life is the Gift of God.

Catechist. If you mark these particulars, you will easily discern the Papists Doctrine of Good works be­ing Meritorious to be presumptiously proud and utterly [Page 66]groundless. Our best good works cannot merit any good thing of God, for they are but due debt, as our Saviour teacheth, Luk. 17.10. When we have done all, we must say, we are unprofitable servants; We have but done that which was our duty to do. And (2.) Our best good works are imperfect, tainted with many sins and infirmities, so that they themselves, stand in need of Gods pardon, Isaiah 64.6, 7. We are all as an unclean thing, All our Righteousness is but as filthy rags, and as a menstruous cloth, and great are the iniquities of our most Holy things. So that if God should be extreme to mark what we do amiss in them, O Lord, who may abide it, Psal. 130.3. And (3) all we have and do is Gods Gift, it is he that worketh in us, both to will and to do, Phil. 2.13. and we give him but his own. Nor, be it ne­ver so good can it (4) bear any proportion to that recompence of reward, which God promiseth us. Not our greatest suffering, much less our good deeds, Rom. 8.18. The sufferings of this present time, are not worthy to be compared to the glory that shall be revealed in us. 2 Cor. 4.17. They are but light Afflictions, and but for a mo­ment, but they work for us a far more exceeding eternal weight of glory. Well doth the Apostle therefore con­clude, Rom. 6.23. The wages of sin is death, but eternal life is the Gift, (no Merit of ours, but) the [...]ree gift of God, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Q. What Ʋse must we make hereof?

A. To be constant, unmoveable, always a­bounding in the work of the Lord, know­ing that our labour will not be in vain in the Lord.

Catechist. This is the use that St. Paul makes of this great Doctrine of Christianity, 1 Cor. 15.58. and else­where he exhorts thus upon account hereof, 2 Cor. 4.18. Let us not therefore look at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen. For the things which [Page 67]are seen are Temporal, but the things which are not seen are Eternal.

Q. Why do you say Amen, after the Greed, and why stand you up when it is rehearsed?

A. To declare my stedfast believing it, and my resolution to live in, and die for it, if God should call me to that Honour.

Catechist. Let us therefore make it our continual prayer, that God (whose Gift Faith is) would en­crease and strengthen this our Faith more and more, and enable us so to live in Faith, and so to dye in Faith, that at last we may attain the end of our Faith, even the salvation of our Souls, through Jesus Christ, 1 Pet. 1.9.

Thus have you had the Rule and Summary of the Christian Faith in the Creed. Now having often taught you, that there is no true Faith without Obedience, I pray

Q. What is the Great Rule of your Obedience?

A. The Moral Law contained in the Com­mandments.

Catechist. You remember, Brethren, I hope, that you promised in your Baptism, as to believe all the Arti­cles of Christian Faith, so to keep Gods Holy Will and Commandments.

Q. How many Commandments are there?

A. Ten.

Catechist. These Ten Commandments contain that which we call the Moral Law; and it is so called, because it orders our Manners, and our whole lives and conversations, both towards God and towards men. Concerning which I would only teach you, in oppo­sition to the Antinomian Errors, that this Moral Law contained in the Ten Commandments, is still in force [Page 68]to us; and as it was the Rule of life, and manners, and Obedience to Gods ancient people the Jews; so is it still to us Christians. For whatever moral duties God Commanded the Jews, (being his chosen people) under the Old Testament; the same doth Christ com­mand us Christians, under the Gospel, and that while the world lasts; for he said expressly, Matth. 5.17. He came not to destroy the Law, but to fulfil it; and reciting several Commandments, He abrogated none, but (which shews their obligation on us sufficiently) shewed their true and Spiritual meaning against the corrupt glosses the Pharisees had put upon them, thereby making them of no effect. It was said of old time (saith he,) Thou shalt not kill, but I say unto you, Whosoever is angry with his Brother without a cause, is in danger of the judgment. Again, ver. 27. It was said of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery, But I say unto you, Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her in his heart, Committeth Adultery with her. And thus doth He there Explain other Com­mandments, but Repeals none of them: and in short, St, James saith, chap. 2.8. of all the rest, If ye fulfil the Royal Law of Liberty, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy self, ye shall do well. Nor is the number of the Command­ments impertinent to be observed, it being so precisely noted by the Holy Ghost, Deut. 4.13. Ten, and no more, which puzzles them of the Romish Communion, to make them so, while they leave out the second in their Catechism; because it so apparently condemns their I­mage worship, and then for a mere shift, they would divide the last Commandment, making two of one. And now before we close with the Commandments, we must not neglect the Preface to them, (God spake these words and said, I am the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of Bondage.) which what it imports you may learn by the next Question and Answer.

Q. What are those motives God himself used, when he gave those Commandments to engage his people's Obedience?

A. First, His Sovereignty, For he is the Lord. (2) His near Relation to his peo­ple; for He is the Lord Our God. (3) His delivering the Israelites from the Egyptian Bondage, which was a Type of our Greater deliverance, even from our spiritual Bond­dage to sin and Satan.

Catechist. The like arguments to Obedience we have in other Scriptures, to name but one to the Israelites, Deut. 27.9, 10. Take heed and hearken O Israel, This day thou art become the people of the Lord thy God: Thou shalt therefore obey the voice of the Lord thy God, and do all his Commandments and statutes, which I command thee this day. And that of Zacharias in his song, Luk. 1.74, 75. urgeth the same Obedience upon us, upon account of our greater deliverance, That being delivered from the hands of our enemies, we should serve Him without fear, in Holiness and righteousness all the days of our lives. Now I pray

Q. How many Tables are there in the Deca­logue or Ten Commandments?

A. Two.

Q. How many Commandments are there in the first Table?

A. The four first Commandments.

Q. What sort of Duties doth the first Table teach you?

A. My Duties towards God.

Catechist. And as the second Table teaches you your duties towards your neighbour, so let me tell you by [Page 68] [...] [Page 69] [...] [Page 70]the way, that our Saviour Himself divides the Law after this manner, even according to the twofold Ob­ject of Love, God and our Neighbours, Matth. 22.37. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind: This is the first and great Commandment, and the second is like unto it; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy self; on these two Command­ments hang all the Law and the Prophets. For as S. Paul saith, Rom. 13.10. Love is the fulfilling of the Law.

Now for explaining the Questions and Answers in your Church Catechism, concerning the duties con­tained in these two Tables; I conceive the chief task is, to let you see to which Commandment each clause in them is to be referred, and then, as requiring the Duty, forbids the sin, and forbidding any sin, suppo­seth a precept for the Duty contrary to that sin, so shall I teach you both these, what are the Duties re­quired, and what the Sins forbidden, in each Command­ment, proving their respective answers (as we go along) by the Scriptures. First then let me ask you the Que­stions in your Church Catechism.

Q. What is thy Duty to God?

A. My duty towards God is to believe in Him, &c.

Now see how every Commandment is explained in this Answer.

Q. What doth the first Commandment require of you, according to this Answer in your Ca­techism?

A. Gods inward worship, which is to be­lieve in him, to fear him, and to love him, and him alone, as the only true God, with all [Page 71]my heart, with all my mind, with all my soul, and with all my strength.

Catechist. This distinction of Worship, that it is ei­ther Inward of the Soul, or Outward of the Body, is evidently the Apostles, when he tells us, 1 Cor. 6.20. That we must glorifie God, with our bodies, and with our spirits, which are his. Now the inward, that of the Spirit, is required by this Commandment, that is, in the positive part, which is implied in the negative; for that we are forbidden to have any other God but Him, or before him, implies that we must have him, that is, acknowledge him, and worship him, for our God, and for our only God, and to believe in him, and fear him, and love him; this is to acknowledge him to be, and to have him our God; according to that Text, Deut. 10.12. What doth the Lord thy God, O Israel, require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, and to walk in his ways, to love and serve the Lord, thy God, with all thy heart, and with all thy Soul?

Q. May not loving God be accounted the summ of our whole Duty to God, as Love of our Neigh­bour is of our whole Duty to our Neighbour?

A. Yes: and without loving God, there can be no keeping his Commandments in sin­cerity.

Catechist. Our Saviour said, John 14.15. If ye love me, keep my Commandments. No other way can we shew our love to either God or Christ Jesus. On the other hand, the Scriptures set forth obedience, or keeping Gods Commandments, as the work of Faith and labour of love, Heb. 6.10. 1 Thes. 1.3. and St. Paul saith, The love of Christ constraineth hereunto, 2 Cor. 5.14. And it is certain, all other Graces abound, where, as the A­postle expresseth it, Rom. 5.5. The love of God is shed abroad in the heart, by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

Q. What do those words (Before me) teach you: Thou shalt have no other Gods before me?

A. Always to consider that God is every where present, and beholds the Idolatry of the heart, as well as in action.

Catechist. I know, O my God saith David, 1 Chron. 29.17. that thou triest the heart. Jer. 17.10. I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give to every man according to his ways, and according to his doings.

Q. What then are the sins forbidden in this Commandment?

A. Atheism, or having no God: Poly­theism, or owning more Gods than One: Ir­religion, not glorifying, not worshipping the true God, as God; and inward Idolatry, that is, believing, fearing, or loving any lust, or Creature, as our God; or giving Religious Worship or honour to any other Being.

Catechist. Atheism, or in the Psalmists words, Psal. 14.1. The Fools saying in his heart, much more speaking it out in words, That there is no God. Polytheism, The having Lords many and Gods many, But to us saith the Apostle, 1 Cor. 8.4. There is no more Gods but One. Ir­religion, not Glorifying, not worshipping God, which is all one, as if we believed and professed, There is no God. A sin taxt by S. Paul in the Gentiles, Rom. 1.21. That knowing God, they did not glorifie Him, as God. I­dolatry, which is not only the worshipping idols or i­mages, made of silver and gold, the works of mens hands, which have eyes and see not, which have ears and hear not, mouths and speak not, Ps. 135.15, 16. But also the im­moderate love of any Creature. For Christ saith, Mat. 6.24. Ye cannot serve God and Mammon, and this do all [Page 73]covetous and worldly minded men. From whence S. Paul saith expresly, that covetousness is idolatry, Col. 3.5. And he speaks of some, who make their belly their God, Phil. 3.19. which do all Epicures, gluttons and drunkards, and intemperate persons, and some (he saith,) mind earthly things. All these then are sins against this first Commandment, which requires the Inward worship of God.

Q. What doth the second Commandment require?

A. Gods Outward worship, that is, to wor­ship God, not only with our hearts and Spirits, which God alone seeth, but also bodily, in the sight of men, and not by I­mages, but as he himself appoints us in his word.

Catechist. It is a marvellous thing, that there should be any need of convincing men, that God is to be worshipped Outwardly, as well as Inwardly, with our Bodies as well as with our Spirits, or that any per­sons of understanding, should make that foolish use of our Saviours words to the woman of Samaria, John 4.24. God is a spirit, and is to be worshipped in Spirit, and in truth, as if pretending to worship God in their hearts and spirits, could excuse their utter neglect of his outward worship, or their not Kneeling in prayer, or any other irreverent, undecent behaving themselves, in the worship of God. But if there be any need to speak to this point, I think here is enough in the very letter of this Commandment to stop all mouths, Thou shalt not bow down before images, and worship them. For in that, we must not do it before images, implies that before God we must do it, we must bow down before him, when we worship him; that as the Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 6.20. We may glorifie God with our bodies as well as with our spirits, which are his. Hence the Psalmist [Page 74]saith, Psal. 132.7. We will go into his Tabernacle, and fall down before his footstool. And hereunto are we daily invited in his words, Psal. 95.6. O come let us wor­ship and fall down, and kneel before the Lord our ma­ker. This must we do: only to avoid Superstition and Will worship, we must have a care to do it in such a manner, as God directs in his word, and not worship God in any way invented by man, contrary to his word. See Deut. 4.2. and 12.32. Whatsoever I command you, that observe and do, ye shall not add to the word I com­mand you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the Commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you.

Q. What are those kinds or parts of Worship which God himself hath appointed us in his word?

A. Daily Prayer, and Thanksgiving, often Reading, Hearing and Meditating upon His word, and the due Use of the Sacraments.

Catechist, That Prayers and Thanksgivings are parts of Divine Worship, Unquestionedly commanded by God, is evident by S. Pauls direction to Timothy, as Provincial Bishop of Ephesus, 1 Ep. 2.1, 2. Which was to take order, that prayers, supplications and thanksgivings be made for all men, for Kings, and all in Authority, &c. And how God ordained the publick reading of Scri­ptures you may see, Deut. 31.11, 12. When all Israel is come to appear before the Lord, in the place which he shall choose, Then shalt thou read the Law before all Israel, in their hearing, &c. And accordingly S. James, Bishop of Jerusalem, spake it in the Councel held there, Act. 15.21. That Moses had in every city, them that preacht him, be­ing read in the Synagogues every Sabbath day. And if God appoints his word to be Read, it must needs be the peoples duty to hear the Reading, and Luk. 16.31. If they will not hear Moses and the Prophets, neither would [Page 75]they repent, though one should rife from the dead. And to what purpose is it either to Read or Hear, if they do not Meditate on it, for as it is in the Parable of the Sower of the seed, Matth. 13.8. By this it is that the good seed takes root, and bringeth forth fruit. And therefore, Ps. 1.2. Blessed is the man that Meditates on Gods law day and night. As for the Holy Sacraments, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord, you may see their Institution at large, Matth. 28.19. and 1 Cor. 11.23.

Q. What are the sins forbidden in this Com­mandment?

A. Corrupting, neglecting, or hindring a­ny Ordinance of Right Worship: Idolatry, or Worshipping Saints, Angels or Images, or God by Images: or Worshipping God in any way contrary to, or not directed in his word.

Catechist. If the Commandment require us to wor­ship God, then must they necessarily be transgressors thereof, that come not to Church to joyn in Gods wor­ship, or are negligent in attending any Ordinance of Divine worship; as many do apparently, seldom com­ing to Church at all, or coming after the prayers, and the reading of the Scriptures, as if it did not at all concern them, or that being here, behave themselves most slovenly and irreverently in Gods Service: and then we must be sure that we avoid all idolatry and false worship. For as it was charged upon Gods peo­ple the Jews, Lev. 19.4. Not to turn to Idols, nor to make any graven Images, nor to bow down to them, for this rea­son, I am the Lord thy God, so is it also upon us of the Christian Church, 1 Cor. 10.14. Dearly beloved, flee from Idolatry. 1 John 5.21. Little Children, take heed of idols.

Q. Whom do you think guilty of such Idolatry?

A. The Papists as much as Heathens or [Page 74] [...] [Page 75] [...] [Page 76]Jews in worshipping the Molten Calf, and Brazen Serpent; for they worship Saints, An­gels and Images, and adore the Cross and the Host, and have no better plea for so doing, but what might serve to excuse, both Hea­thens and Jews from being Idolaters.

Catechist. In short let me tell you, that Popish Idols or Images, having the like matter, and shapes, and fi­gures, they do the same service to them, and use the like pleas and pretences, as the Heathens did, and as the Idolatrous Jews did, and therefore are as truly I­dolaters as they, and they that would see this fully proved, let them read the Churches Homilies of the peril of Idolatry.

Q. How doth the Lord threaten all Idolaters, and Image worshippers, and all Transgressors of this Commandment?

A. Being jealous of his own glory, He will punish them as Haters of himself, nay them, and their seed after them.

Catechist. How jealous God is of his Glory, you may read, Isaiah 42.8. I am the Lord, That is my name, My Glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to gra­ven Images. And hence Idolatry is often in Scripture called, a spiritual whoredom, and adultery, which you know provokes any Husband to jealousy and rage a­gainst his Wife. And here in this Commandment, it is express, that God looks on them, as them that hate Him, who give his Worship to Images, or any others besides Him, and he threatens to visit their children after them, for this sin to many generations.

Q. Are the Protestants, and particularly we of the Church of England, clear from all Idolatry, [Page 77]in observing Ceremonies in Gods Worship, not ex­presly required in Gods Word?

A. Yes: because God hath left it in charge to Church Rulers, to appoint such Ceremonies in his Worship, as conduce to Order, and Decency, and Edification, and being once ap­pointed by our lawful Governors, We ought to observe them in Obedience to God, who requires us to obey our Governors.

Catechist. It may suffice to tell you thus much upon this head, and you can by no means turn Dissenters upon this account, if you remember this, That it is the Apostles direction, that all things in Gods Worship be done decently, and in order, and so as may conduce to Edification, 1 Cor. 14.26, 40. Which being the Duty and Province of the Churches Governours to take care of, (as they do at this day in all the Reformed Churches, and as they apparently did in the Primitive Churches,) it is very plain, that all private Christians are to yield a ready Conformity, Submission, and Obedience to their Orders and Canons, by a strict Commandment, 1 Pet. 2.13. Submit yourselves to every Ordinance of man, for the Lords sake. Heb. 13.17. Obey them that have the Rule over you, and submit yourselves, &c. And what saith our A­postle upon the matter? 1 Cor. 11.16. He brands them for contentiousness, that dissent and Conform not; say­ing, If any man be Contentious, nay, seem to be Conten­tious, we have no such custom, neither the Churches of God. Thus much for the second Commandment.

Q. What doth the third Commandment require?

A. It requires us to perform every part of Worship Devoutly to Gods Glory, and Re­verently to use every thing relating to God, [Page 78]as his Name, Titles, Ordinances, House, Re­venues, Word and Works.

Catechist. Will you hear the General Rule? 1 Cor. 10.31. Whether ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the Glory of God. If all our actions, much more then what we do in the Worship and Service of God, must be directed to His Glory, and therefore must be per­formed with the greatest Reverence and Devotion, both of body and mind; to which purpose is that in the 29. Psal. 1, 2. very memorable, Give unto the Lord, O ye mighty, Give unto the Lord, Glory and Strength, Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his Name, How? It follows, Worship the Lord in the Beauty of Holiness, (in the Margent it is, in his Glorious Sanctuary.) As for the Name of God, To which the Glory is Due, there­by (by a Figure) is to be understood, not only God Himself, but also all that, whereby God is Known to us, or which hath a peculiar Relation to God, or which hath Gods Name upon it, or that is Gods, to all which we must in using them, shew the greatest Re­verence, not only to his Names, but also his Titles, Attributes, Ordinances, Houses, Revenues, Words and Works. For unto them all hath the Apostles ex­hottation Heb. 12.28. relation, Let us have grace, whereby to serve God acceptably, with reverence and Godly fear. And the particular Duties respecting all these you have in the next Questions and their Answers.

Q. How doth your Catechism express this?

A. To give him thanks, to put my whole trust in him, to call upon him, to honour his Holy Name, and his Word.

Q. What then are the sins forbidden in this Commandment?

A. Unthankfullness, Distrustfullness, not [Page 79]praying to God, or praying to any other but God, all Abuses of, or irreverent use of, or medling with, His Word, Sacraments, House, Titles, or Ministers, and especially rash and vain Swearing, Cursing and Blasphemy.

Q. What doth God threaten them that thus transgress his Commandment?

A. That he will not hold them Guiltless, that is, they shall be held guilty, and by no means escape his Vengeance.

Catechist. It cannot be expected that all duties and sins herein required and forbidden, should be parti­cularly named in so short an Abstract as a Catechism is, and should be, but these are the chief. We must give God thanks for all his Works and Benefits, Tem­poral and Spiritual, 1 Thes. 5.18. In every thing give thanks. Psal. 50.14. Offer unto God thanksgiving, and pay thy vows to the most High. We must call upon God, by Solemn Religious prayer, and Invocation, as alone able, and willing to hear, and help us, and upon no other, Ps. 50.15. Call upon me in the day of trouble, and I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorifie me. And these two are closely joyned together by the Apostle in one precept, Phil. 4.6. Be careful for nothing, but in every thing let your requests be made known to God, by prayer and sup­plication with thanksgiving. We must put our whole trust in God, Psal. 62.8. Trust in the Lord at all times, ye people, pour out your hearts before Him, for God is our hope. And on the contrary, ingratitude and unfaithfulness was the sin of the Israelites, Deut. 32.15, 18. Jesurun waxed fat, and kicked; then he forsook God that made him, and light­ly esteemed the rock of his Salvation. Of the rock that be­gat thee, thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten him that formed thee. Isaiah 1.2, 3. I have nourished and brought up children, but they have rebelled against me. The Ox [Page 80]knoweth his owner, and the Ass his Masters crib, but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Luk. 17.18. Of the ten Lepers that were cleansed, but one returned to give thanks. And as prayer is Our duty, so it is branded as Atheistical, and shews that a man saith in his heart, there is no God, that he calls not upon the Lord, Psal. 14.4. And we are not to call upon any other but Him. Not Angels, for so the Angel forbad S. John, Rev. 22.9. See thou do it not, I am thy fellow servant. Not Saints, for Isaiah 63.16. Abraham is ignorant of us, and Israel acknowledges us not. And as we are to put our whole trust in God, so distrustfulness was the Israelites sin, Psal. 78.19. Can God prepare a table in the wilderness? Be­hold, He smote the rock indeed that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; but can he give bread also? Can He provide flesh? And therefore Our Saviour cautions us against this, Matth. 6.25. Take no thought (no di­strustful thought) for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, or wherewithall ye shall be clothed? ver. 32. your heavenly father knoweth that ye have need of all these things. And so are we forbidden trusting in any other things, whether in wants or dangers. Not in horses or chariots, Psal. 20.7. Not in Princes, Psal. 118.8. Not in any Son of man. Psal. 146.3. Not in bow or shield, Psal. 44.6. Not in our riches, Prov. 11.28. Not in ourselves, Prov. 18.26. We are also warned to take heed of all irreverent use of Gods word, Luk. 8, 18. Take heed how you hear. Prov. 13.13. Whoso despiseth Gods word, shall be destroyed. And of his Sacraments, [...] Cor. 11.27. Who­so eats, and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks damnation to Himself, not discerning the Lords Body. And his House, the Church. For 1 Cor. 11.22. What? have ye not houses to eat and drink in? or despise ye the Church of God? And of his Titles and Revenues, what is set apart for Holy Uses, and for the maintenance of his Ministers. For the Prophet Malachi saith chap. 3.8. that to defraud or alienate them, is to rob God: or to abuse his Mi­nisters, [Page 81]or not to hearken to and obey them, Luk. 10.16. He that heareth you, heareth me, and he that despiseth you, despiseth me. And then for taking Gods Name in vain, by vain or false Swearing, Cursing or Blaspheming, the letter of the Commandment is express, and innumera­ble Texts speak terribly to all that are guilty thereof. To name but one or two, I will bring the Curse, saith the Lord of hosts by his Prophet Zechariah 5.4. and it shall enter into the house of him that sweareth falsly by my Name, and shall remain in the midst thereof, and consume it with the Timber thereof, and with the stones thereof. And one Text in Deut. 28.58, 59. may serve instead of all other Texts, If thou wilt not observe to fear this great and glo­rious Name, The Lord thy God, Then will the Lord make thy plagues great, and wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long Continuance. In short our Sa­viour explains this Commandment, to forbid, not on­ly perjury or false swearing, but also swearing vainly, and in our ordinary talk and Communication, and swear­ing by any other but God. For an Oath is a Divine Ho­nour, Mat. 5.33, 34, 37. Ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thy self, But I say unto you, swear not at all, neither by heaven, nor by the Earth, &c. But let your Communications be yea, yea; nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these, cometh of evil: and so much also of the third Commandment.

Q. What are the duties required by the fourth Commandment?

A. To serve him truly, as in his Solemn days of Worship, so all the days of my life.

Q. Which are those Solemn days of Worship, wherein we are especially to serve God?

A. The Lords day, and days set apart for [Page 82]Humiliation and Thanksgiving, the Feasts and Fasts of the Church.

Q. Which is the Lords day?

A. The First day of the week, observed by Christians, because of Christs Resur­rection upon it, as the Seventh day was by the Jews in memory of the Creation.

Catechist. We are assured both by Scripture and the Churches Histories, that the First day of the week was after Christs Resurrection, and in memory thereof, ob­served by the Christians for all the Holy Offices, as the Seventh day Sabbath, was by them under the old Testament, in memory of Gods Rest from his works of Creation, and thence was it called the Lords day, Rev. 1.10. John in the Isle of Patmos, was in the spirit on the Lords day. Act. 20.7. Ʋpon the first day of the week, when the Disciples were together to eat bread, Paul preached un­to them. 1 Cor. 16.1, 2. Concerning the Collection for the Saints, as I have given order to the Churches of Galatia, so do ye. Ʋpon the first day of the week, let every one lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him. As for the Churches Holy days, or Days appointed by Authority, for solemn publick prayers, and thanksgivings upon occasion of some great Calamities or Delive­rances, though they be appointed by man only, yet have they as good Authority, as the Feast of Purim, and Dedication among the Jews, for they had no other but Humane Appointment.

Q. How must God be served on those days?

A. By resting from all bodily labours, ex­cept them of Necessity and Mercy, to the end we may wholly attend the publick and private exercises of Religion and Godliness.

Q. What sins then are forbidden by this Com­mandment?

A. Mispending these days either in sin, or idleness, or the servile works of our cal­lings, or in vain sports, or whatsoever may hinder our keeping them Holy.

Catechist. The Commandment expressly forbids all servile works on the Sabbath day, and so do divers Texts, as Exod. 31.13, 14. and 35.2. and Jer. 17.21. much more idleness, vain sports and pastimes, and all sinful spending it in gluttony, drunkenness, filthy Com­munications, and all manner of Licentiousness. We are to rest from our worldly labours, but mark for what end? not that bodily ease can of it self please God, but it is, that being free from all encombrances of this world, and all earthly cares and distractions, we may sanctifie the day, keep it holy, or hallow it. Only as our Saviour clears the matter in Confutation of the Pharisees, Matth. 12.11, 12, 13. Works of Necessity, Mer­cy and Charity are allowed and lawful; for What man of you (saith he) having an Ox or an Ass fallen in­to a pit on the sabbath day, will not lift it up? It is law­full therefore to do good on the Sabbath day. And therefore he Himself scrupled not to heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, restore the blind and lame, &c. and thus he ju­stifieth himself in so doing, against their cavills.

Q. What must parents and Masters do in o­bedience to this Commandment?

A. They must exercise their children and Servants, in all Religious duties publick and private, and restrain them from all contra­ry sins.

Catechist. The Tenour of the Commandment runs thus, Thou and thy Son, and thy daughter, thy man servant, thy maid servant, &c. And for an example to all House­holders, as well as Kings and Princes, Joshua said, [Page 84]chap. 24.15. As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord. So let all of us say, Let other persons be care­less how their families observe the Lords day, whe­ther they come to the Church, or be absent, how they mispend it in vain sports or prophaness, I and mine will do otherwise, we will serve the Lord publickly and privately with all good care and Conscience, Ps. 42.4. We will go up together unto the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise, with the multitude that keep holy day. Psal. 101.4, 6. A froward heart shall depart from me: I will not know a wicked person. Mine eyes shall be upon the faithful, that they may dwell with me, He that walketh in a perfect way shall serve me.

Q. What Motives doth God use to engage our obedience to his Commandments?

A. His allowing us six days for our own labours, and his own special property in the Seventh, His own Example, and His having Sanctified the Sabbath day to Holy Uses.

Catechist. Every one is able of himself to discern all these in the words of the Commandment. Let me then leave that to you, and ask you in the next place.

Q. Is it sufficient to serve God in his Solemn days only?

A. No: We must set apart some Compe­tent part of our time every day, and serve him truly all the days of our lives.

Catechist. We are injoyned in Gods word, to pray always, Luk. 18.1. and to pray without ceasing, 1 Thes. 5.17. that is, keep a constant daily course of prayer. And in all things to give thanks, 1 Thes. 5.18. and to have God always before us, Ps. 16.8. So is every day to be so a Sabbath unto us, as therein to rest from sin, and to allot some competent time for Gods immediate ser­vice, [Page 85]from our worldly business, as well as to serve him by all diligence in labour, and by faithful and righteous dealing in our Callings and Vocations, Luk. 1.74. Be­ing delivered from the hands of our enemies, it is that we may serve him without fear, in Holiness and righteousness be­fore him all the days of our lives.

Q. Doth this fourth Commandment then ob­lige us Christians?

A. Yes: though not the Ceremonial part, as it requires the seventh-day Sabbath, and the strict Jewish Rest, yet what is of Moral equity in it, to wit, that a Competent part of our time be thus devoted to Gods Wor­ship and Service.

Catechist. It concerns us, even us Christians to re­member often Gods fearful judgements, on divers pro­phaning of the Sabbath, as him that gathered sticks on it, Num. 15.32. and them that bare burdens on the Sab­bath day in Jerusalem, Jer. 17.27. And Nehemiahs zeal to restrain from buying and selling wares on the Sabbath day, chap. 10.31. against those that trode the winepresses, and brought in sheaves and asses laden with wine, grapes, and figs, &c. on the Sabbath day, chap. 13. from ver. 15. to 23. For as St. Paul saith, 1 Cor. 10 11. These examples are written for our learning or admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. And as God gave Ten Commandments, so had this in special, the same Au­thor and Lawgiver, as the other had, even the Eternal God, the Creator of all things, who (as the very light of nature prompts) if he be God, must be worship­ped and glorified as God; which cannot be, unless some competent portion of time, (suppose one in seven) be set apart for it. And therefore although the Ce­remonial part of the Commandment be abrogated, yet is the Moral still Obligatory to us Christians. And [Page 86]so our Holy Church believes, or else we should not be taught by it to pray after the reading of this, as well as every other Commandment, Lord have mercy upon us, and incline our hearts to keep this Law.

I may now hope you pretty well understand your du­ty towards God, taught you in the first Table of the Decalogue, the four first Commandments. Let us go on then to the second.

Q. How many Commandments are there in the second Table?

A. The Six last Commandments.

Q. What sort of duties doth the second Ta­ble teach you?

A. My duties towards my Neighbour.

Q. What is your duty to your Neighbour. Rehearse it out of the Church-Catechism.

A. My duty to my Neighbour, is to love him as my self, &c.

Catechist. In this Answer you have, first your whole duty to your Neighbour summed up in a few words, and then set before you in its several branches, as the particular precepts of Gods law require them. I pray then first,

Q. What is the summ of your duties towards your Neighbour?

A. To love my Neighbour as my self, and to shew that love, by doing to all men, as I would they should do unto me.

Q. May I not do to others, as they do unto me?

A. No: but as I would they should do unto me.

Catechist. That to love my Neighbour as my self, is the summ and substance of the Six last Commandments, [Page 87]and so of all the duties we owe him, appears by, Rom. 13.9. For this, (saith the Apostle) Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not co [...]t, and if there be any other Commandment, it is briefly compreh [...]nded in this saying, Thou shalt Love thy Neighbour, as thy self. For we must manifest our loving him as our selves, by doing to all as we would they should do unto us: And whosoever doth so, he cannot do any act of injury, or wrong, or injustice to any person, forbidden by any of these Commandments. If a man indeed do to others, as others do unto him, This is Revenge, and he can­not but do them wrong, as, or because they injure him. But he that doth to others, as he would have others to do to himself in the like case, This man can­not deal unjustly, or uncharitably with any person, in any cause or matter. He will neither fail of doing his duty to his Superiors, Inferiours, nor Equals, against the fifth Commandment, because were he in their place and station, he would expect such duty from them to himself. He will neither wrong any person in his bo­dy, person, Goods, or good name, against the other Commandments, because he would by no means have them so to wrong himself in the like case. So this is a Comprehensive Law, containing all others in it, whe­ther of justice or charity, all the Six last Command­ments. Let us now cast our eyes upon every of them apart One by one.

Q. What duties doth the fifth Commandment (Honour thy father and thy mother, &c.) re­quire of you?

A. The respective duties of all Inferiours and Superiours to each other.

Q. Shew them particularly in the words of your Catechism?

A. To love, honour and succour my Fa­ther and Mother, to Honour and obey the King, and all that are put in Authority un­der [...]im, to submit my self to all my Go­vernours, Teachers, spiritual Pastors and Ma­sters, to order my self lowly and reverently to all my betters.

Catechist. My good children, These are great Les­sons, and very proper for you to learn, and have a spe­cial care to practice; for our Relative duties have a most considerable place in true Religion, and no man can be said to be truly Religious, that makes no con­science of a careful performing them. For further un­derstanding whereof, Let me acquaint you in the first place, That the great thing required in this Command­ment, is in other words S. Pauls precept, Rom. 13.7. Render therefore to all their Dues, tribute to whom tribute is due, custome to whom custom, fear to whom fear, honour to whom honour, Owe no man any thing, &c. More par­ticularly, Children must love their parents, their na­tural parents, their Father and Mother. And that this is included in the word (honour) as belonging to parents, is evident by the Prophet Malachi, opposing that honour which is due to fathers, to that fear which belongs to ser­vants towards their Masters, Mal. 1.6. A Son honours his fa­ther, and a servant his Master, If I then be a father, where is my honour? and if I be a Master, where is my fear? And the love children owe to their parents is not denied, but implied in that of our Saviour, when it interferes not with our duty to God, Mat. 10.37. He that loveth Father or Mother, more than me, is not worthy of me. (2) Children must honour their parents, which you see is the letter of the Commandment, that is, have a high and reverend esteem of them in their hearts. (3) They must succour them, that is, in case of po­verty, [Page 89]want, old age or sickness, relieving their wants and helping their Infirmities, 1 Tim. 5.4. If any widow have children or nephews, Let them learn to shew piety at home, and to requite their parents. For this is good, and acceptable to God. And in a word, which is the result of all, they must obey them in all their lawful com­mands, and fulfil them, Col. 3.20. Children obey your pa­rents in all things, for this is well pleasing to God. Now besides natural parents, there are civil and political parents, the Fathers of our Country, the King, and such as are in Authority under him; and there are Spiri­tual parents, Governours, Teachers, Spiritual pastors, and Masters; and all our Betters, in Age, or quality, or estate, have a sort of parental Relation to us, and so all these are included in the words (Father and Mo­ther) in the Commandment. For Subjects then, their duty is to honour the King, and all that represent the King, in their respective places, and offices, all that are in Authority under him; to honour them for his sake, as bearing his Authority. And this Honouring the King is so necessary, that God joyns these two together in one precept, as if we could not do the one aright, without the other, Prov. 24.21. My Son, fear thou the Lord, and the King, and meddle not with them, that are given to change. 1 Pet. 2.17. Fear God, Honour the King. And this Honouring him in our hearts, must be shown by obeying their good Laws in our Actions, whether concerning our manners, or concerning their tributes and prerogatives. For so Christ himself teacheth, Matth. 22.21. Render to Caesar the things which are Caesars, as un­to God the things which are Gods. Rom. 13.1. Let every Soul be subject to the Higher powers, &c. Ver. 4. They are the Ministers of God for Good. Ver. 6. For this cause pay ye tribute also, they being Gods Ministers, attending continually on this very thing. Of this therefore we that are Christs Ministers, are to put you always in mind, Tit. 3.1. Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to [Page 90]obey Magistrates. And so S. Peter teacheth, how con­trary soever his pretended Successors the Pope and Priests of Rome teach, 1 Pet. 2.13. Submit your selves to every ordinance of man, for the Lords sake, whether it be to the King, as supreme: or unto Governours, as unto them that are sent by Him, for the punishment of evil doers, and for the praise of them that do well. As for Governours, Teach­ers and Spiritual pastors, to them, the Catechism saith, is due the peoples submission. One Text is sufficient to prove it, Heb. 13.17. Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for they watch for your Souls, as they that must give an account, that they may do it with joy, and not with grief; for that is unprofitable for you. And so must servants obey, and submit to their Ma­sters, in all lawful commands, 1 Pet. 2.18. Servants be subject to your Masters, without fear, not only the gentle, but also the froward. And lastly, All men must behave themselves lowly and reverently to all their betters, in age, estate, or quality, them that be elder, either in higher Rank or Condition. For this it is that will preserve order, peace and good will amongst men. And I shall only here give you the Text, for reverencing the aged, even in Gods own Law, Lev. 19.32. Thou shalt rise up to the hoary head, and honour the old man. I am the Lord.

Many more Texts might I have cited for each duty to these Relations, but for brevities sake, I must let these suffice, beseeching you to let them sink and root in your hearts, for the regulating your whole conversations in this world.

Now you will much better know these your duties required in this Commandment, if you can well learn what the particular sins contrary to those duties are, which are forbidden by this Commandment, and those of both parties in these several Relations; for though the one only is expressed, yet doubtless the other are implied. First then.

Q. What are the sins of Children against this Commandment?

A. Their despising of their parents in their hearts, or their irreverence, or disobedience to them in their behaviours, or not relieving nor helping them when they fall into want or sickness.

Catechist. All which (God knows) are too much to be seen in divers Children, but for which, no doubt they must at last find the effects of Gods terrible curse. Deut. 27.16. It is threatned expressly to all De­spisers of their parents, but doubtless extends to all ir­reverence, Undutifulness, and Disobedience, Cursed be he that setteth light by his father and mother, To which all the people shall say, Amen. Prov. 1.8. My Son, hear the in­structions of thy Father, and forsake not the law of thy Mo­ther. For chap. 15.5. A fool despiseth his Fathers In­struction. And see how he threatens such a man, chap. 30.17. The eye that mocketh at his Father, and despiseth to obey his Mother, The Ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young Eagles shall eat it. And mark it, it is one of the Abominations foretold of the last and pe­rillous times, Men shall be Despisers of parents. As for not succouring them, or childrens not relieving their parents in need, when, and as they are able, you can­not but know that it was for this, that our Saviour rebuked the Pharisees most sharply, Mar. 7.11. They taught men to neglect their parents in necessity; so that they did but consecrate that to pious Uses, to the Cor­ban, wherewith they should relieve them. And so un­der pretence of piety, (it is said,) they suffered no man to do ought for his parents, and thereby made the Commandment of God of none effect, through their own Traditions.

Q. On the other hand, what are the sins of pa­rents?

A. Not providing for their Children, or bringing them up in idleness and ungodliness.

Catechist. You have the parents duty to provide for their childrens sustenance in our Saviours argument, Luk. 11.11. If a son ask bread of his father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he give him a Scor­pion? And the Apostle saith, 2 Cor. 12.14. Children lay not up for their parents, but parents for their children. All men do this by the Law, and instinct of nature. And therefore he saith, 1 Tim. 5.8. If any man provide not for his own, He is worse than an Infidel. It is true, some men are in the other extreme, taking immode­rate care, and using unjust means, to enrich their fa­milies; yet still all Unthrifts that piss against the walls all their earnings, and through carelessness and pro­fuseness, let their children and families starve and fall into beggary, are great sinners, and so great that the Apostle censures them as worse than Heathens or Infi­dels. But above all, parents had need to be diligent­ly taught that great duty of Godly education of their Children, and their miscarriages shall aggravate the pa­rents damnation, if it be for want of bringing them up in the Nurture and admonition of the Lord, Eph. 6.4.

Q. What are the sins of subjects, against Kings and Magistrates?

A. Contemning, disobeying, or rebelling against the King, or those that are in Autho­rity under him.

Catechist. What a sin it is to despise or Contemn the King, or his Magistrates, may be seen by the strict­ness of the precepts, Exod. 22.28. Thou shalt not revile the Gods, nor curse the Ruler of thy people. Eccl. 10.20. Curse not the King, no not in thy thought, for the bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter. As for disobedience and Rebellion we [Page 93]have terrible examples of Gods vengeance for it in Co­rah and his Company, in Absalom, and Sheba, and as ter­rible a Commination to all that tread in their steps, Rom. 13.2. Whosoever resisteth the powers, resisteth the or di­nance of God, and they that resist, shall receive to themselves damnation.

Q. What then are the sins of Kings, and Men in Authority?

A. Not making good Laws, or not execu­ting them, for the punishment of evil doers, and the encouragement of them that do well.

Catechist. For this is Gods declared end in raising up Kings and Magistrates, 1 Pet. 2.14. That they may be Ministers of God, saith St. Paul. Rom. 13.3. for good, to them that are good, encouraging them in well doing: but not bearing the sword in vain, may be a terrour to evil doers. Which also is well expressed in his Di­rection what to pray for in their behalf, 1 Tim. 2.2. That under them we may lead a quiet and peaceable life, in all godliness and honesty, Which thing they can never perform any other way, than by making good Laws, and impartial putting them in execution, and therefore not doing either of these, is their sin against this Com­mandment.

Q. What are the peoples sins against their Teachers, piritual Pastors and Ministers?

A. Despising them, witholding their Dues or resisting or rejecting their Doctrine, or Government causelessly.

Catechist. Remember I pray you, Abrahams answer to Dives in hell, interceding for his brethren on Earth, That one might be sent to them from the dead, to warn them, lest they should also come into those terments. They have Moses and the Prophets, that is, such as teach their [Page 94]Doctrine. If they will not hear them, neither will they be­lieve though One should rise from the dead. As for with­holding the Ministers dues, titles or maintenance, it is enough that the Prophet Malachi calls it, theft or rob­bery, and that, a robbing of God, Mal. 3.8. And that there is such a Sin as Sacriledge under the Gospel is manifest, because else St. Paul would never have mentioned and reproved it, Rom. 2.22. Thou that abhorrest idolatry, dost thou commit Sacriledge? As for rejecting their doctrine or Government, it is apparently a breach of good or­der, and God is the Father of order, and not of confusion in all the Churches, 1 Cor. 14.33. And it is against that precept, Heb. 13.17. Obey them that have the Rule over you. And no doubt what our Saviour said to his Dis­ciples, extends to all lawful Pastors, in a just propor­tion, as being sent by Chirst, and speaking in his name, and acting by the rules of his Gospel, Luk. 10.16. He that heareth you, heareth me, and he that despiseth you, de­spiseth me, and he that despiseth me, despiseth him that sent me.

Q. On the other hand, what are the sins of Pastours or Ministers?

A. Neglecting to teach or guide their flocks, or misleading them by corrupt doctrine, or by the bad example of a wicked life.

Catechist. There being none of that sacred function here present, I need say little of it, only this, God make me and all my Brethren sensible, how sad it will be for us, if preaching to others, we ourselves prove cast­aways, 1 Cor. 9.27. which we shall certainly, if we do the work of the Lord negligently. Jer. 48.10. Not feed­ing Christs sheep and lambs, as we ought, John 21.15. &c. For such Ministers are called dumb dogs, idle or idol shepheards, Ʋnprofitable Servants. And for all wicked Ministers, that of St. Paul is very sharp, Rom. 2.1. Thou art inexcusable O man! ver. 21. Thou that teachest another, [Page 95]teachest thou not thy self? And Psal. 50.16. Ʋnto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my sta­tutes, seeing thou hatest to be reformed. Yea let such be never so commendable for their diligence in preaching, and prophecying in the name of Christ, Himself tells them, what he will say to them at the last day, Mat. 7.23. Depart from me, ye workers of iniquity.

Q. What are the sins of Servants against their Masters?

A. Being stubborn, or slothful, or Unfaith­ful in their Masters business or trust.

Q. And what are the sins of Masters against their Servants?

A. Hard using their Servants, withholding their wages, or not providing what is need­ful both for their bodies and souls.

Catechist. Not to multiply Texts, The sins of Ser­vants are very easie to discern in Col. 3.22. Servants o­bey in all things your Masters, according to the flesh, not with eye service, as Men-pleasers, but with singleness of heart, as fearing God, and whatsover ye do, do it heartily, as to the Lord, not as to men; Knowing that of the Lord, ye shall receive the reward of inheritance, for ye serve the Lord Christ. And for the sins of Masters, as we know how great that is, of withholding the hire of the La­bourer, Jam. 5.4. it is a crying sin; so the other sins are evident in that of the same Apostle, Col. 4.1. Ma­sters give unto your Servants, that which is just and equal, knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven.

Q. What are the sins of wives against their husbands?

A. Disobeying or resisting their lawful Commands, unquiet behaviour, and unfaith­fulness.

Q. What are the sins of husbands against their wives.

A. Unkindness, Unfaithfulness, not pro­viding for their Sustenance, and not bearing with their infirmities, as weaker vessels.

Catechist. To prove which I need no more but shew what the Apostle requires of either of them, for that shews their respective transgressions, Eph. 5.22. Wives submit yourselves to your husbands, as it is fit in the Lord, and mark his reason, for the Husband is the Head of the wife, as Christ is the Head of his Church. Ver. 33. Let the wife therefore see that she reverence her husband. For quiet and unquiet behavior, what St. Peter speaks is ex­cellent for this Sex to be often thinking of, 1 Ep. 3.4. Commending to them, a meek and, quiet spirit, as the best ornament, far to be preferred before those of gold, silver or pearl, it being in the sight of God of great price. As for Unfaithfulness, that is of two sorts, that in his bed, which is Adultery, and that in such concerns as are committed to them, by their husbands. Concer­ning which I shall need say no more, but offer you that description the Wise-man gives of a good wife, and then it will follow, unfaithfulness must needs be an argu­ment of a bad one, Prov. 31.11. The Heart of her bus­band safely trusts in her, so that he shall have no need to fear spoil, or waste.

On the other hand, there are like sins of husbands towards their wives, unfaithfulness, and any thing con­trary to true love, especially unkindness, or bitterness of anger. For Eph. 5.28. They ought to love their wives, as their own bodies, and as Christ loved the Church. Col. 3.19. Husbands love your wives, and be not bitter against them. Not providing for their Comfortable Sustenance. For that is a fault in many Husbands, to drink and tipple, while their Wives and Families mourn, and starve, and have hard fare, or famine; and to this ex­tends [Page 97]the forequoted censure of the Apostle, He that provides not for them of his own household, is worse than an Infidel. And lastly it is expressly injoyned them, 1 Pet. 3.7. Likewise ye husbands, dwell with your wives according to knowledge, giving honour unto the Wife, and so bear­ing with her infirmities, as the weaker vessel, and as heirs together of the grace of life, that your prayers be not hindred.

Q. What are the sins of all other Inferiours a­gainst their Betters, whether in Age, Gifts or Estate?

A. All proud or irreverent behaviour towards them, whether in word or deed.

Catechist. In all degrees of men, The Lord hateth a proud look, as well as a lying tongue, Prov. 6.17. The younger sort therefore are to be humble and sober minded, Tit. 2.6. And it is Gods express Law, that they rise up before the hoary head, and bonour the old man, with this reason, I am the Lord, Lev. 19.32. And as for the wi­ser and richer sort, their Wealth and Wisdom being the Blessings of God, useful to the good of mankind, there is a reverence due to them, whence Solomon, in the forequoted place forbids, as cursing the King in our thoughts, so the rich in our bed-chamber, for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings, will tell the matter.

Q. What then are the sins of Betters to them below them?

A. Scornful despising them, or not using their own respective abilities for others good, as need requires.

Catechist. For as for the Aged, it is discretion that makes the gray hairs truly venerable. And S. Paul en­joyns them to be sober and temperate, as also the younger to follow the good councels and examples of the wise, and ex­perienced, Tit. 2.2. And whosoever they be that extol [Page 98]others in wealth, wisdom or dignity, they must con­sider of them as Gods Gifts and Blessings, and them­selves as his Stewards, bound to imploy their Talents for his Honour, and others good, and always reckoning that they must at last give an account of their Steward­ship, Luk. 16.2.

Q. What doth God promise to them that keep, and threaten to them that transgress this Com­mandment?

A. To the One he promiseth long life and prosperity, and threatens the other to shorten their days upon Earth.

Catechist. It is S. Pauls observation, Eph. 6.2. that this is the first Commandment with promise, that is, the first of those that shew our duties towards men, ha­ving an express promise of long life annexed to it: and in this promise is implied a threatning to all diso­bedient Children, and so to all other transgressors of this Law, of shortning their days, and cutting them off as an ear of corn untimely, before it be ripe. And espe­cially let the Wise mans Comminations against all Rebel­lious Subjects, be in our remembrance always, Prov. 24.21. My Son, fear thou the Lord and the King, and meddle not with them that are given to change. For who knows the destruction of them both, both the ringleaders and their followers? And for all other sinners against this Commandment in special, Memorable is that in Prov. 10.27. The fear of the Lord prolongeth days, but the years of the wicked shall be shortned. So have you a com­perent account of the duties required, and the sins for­bidden in the fifth Commandment: and let it be all our prayer always, Lord have mercy upon us, to par­don our past transgressions, and henceforth, and for e­ver encline our hearts to keep this Law.

Q. What duties doth the sixth Commandment, (Thou shalt not kill) require?

A. All lawful endeavours to preserve mine own life, and the lives of others.

Catechist. Therefore must we, Gal. 6.10. do good to all men, that is, towards preserving their lives or rendring them more Comfortable. Upon which account we must, Rom. 12.18. as much as in us lieth, live peaceably with all men. And our Saviour propounds the good Samaritan for our example, Luk. 10.34. Who finding the Man wounded by thieves, bound up his wounds, and poured in oil and wine unto them, and took care of his recovery: to which purpose are the precepts of feeding the hun­gry, and clothing the naked, and visiting the sick, and them in prison, Matth. 25.35. All which are required by this Commandment; for if any man starve for hunger. He that knew it, and could, but would not feed him, is guilty of his death.

Q. What sins doth this Commandment forbid, according to your Catechism?

A. Hurting any body by word or deed, Bearing any Malice or Hatred in my heart.

Catechist. It is written, Rom. 12.19, 20. Dearly Beloved, avenge not yourselves, that is, by hurting even him that hath hurt thee, For Vengeance is mine, I will recompence saith the Lord. And therefore our Saviours precept is Matth. 5.38.39. Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth; But I say unto you, that ye resist not evil, but whosoever shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And his Apostle, Rom. 12.20. teacheth doing good, instead of doing e­vil: if thine enemy hunger, feed him: if he thirst, give him drink, for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head, that is, melt him into friendship and kind­ness. Ver. 21. Be not overcome with evil, but overcome [Page 100]evil with good. Nor is it only hurting, and extreme violence, or murdering that is forbidden, whereof it is said, Gen. 9.6. Whoso sheddeth mans blood, by man shall his blood be shed, but also any lesser hurt, as wounding, or maiming, or doing any thing to the prejudice of his health and wellbeing; nay even hatred and malice, oc­casioning or exciting to these in the heart, 1 Joh. 3.15. Whoso hates his brother is a Murderer, and no Murderer hath Eternal life abiding in him.

Q. What think you of rash or immoderate Anger, and desire of revenge?

A. They are degrees of, and provoke to Murder, and so are also sins against this Commandment.

Catechist. It is enough to say, that this is our Sa­viours Doctrine in his Sermon on the Mount, Matth. 5.21, 22. Ye have heard that it hath been said to them of old time, Thou shalt not kill, and whosoever shall kill, shall be in danger of the judgment? But I say unto you, who­soever is angry with his brother without a cause, shall be in danger of the judgment, and whosoever shall say unto his brother, Racha, shall be in danger of the councel, but who­soever shall say, thou Fool, shall be in danger of hell fire. Anger causeless, and Anger immoderate, such as breaks out into intemperate, railing speeches, both are great fins against this Commandment, according to our Sa­viours exposition of it; who therefore goes on there to injoyn a reconciling of such differences as arise from anger to all Christians, before they offer their Holy Services to God, if they will be accepted of God, Ver. 23.24. Therefore if you bring thy gift to the Altar, and there remembrest that thy brother hath ought against thee, Leave there thy gift before the Altar, and go thy way; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. And so much for the Sixth Commandment.

Q. What duties doth the seventh Command­ment require of you, according to your Catechism? (Thou shalt not commit Adultery.)

A. To keep my Body in Temperance, So­berness and Chastity.

Q. Which of these is chiefly required here?

A. Chastity: to wit, in thought, speech, and behaviour; and Temperance and Soberness in order to Chastity.

Catechist. I pray you mark; In your Catechism the Negative, the Sins forbidden in most of the other Commandments is expressed, and the Contrary duties are implied therein; But the duties in the Affirmative is here expressed, the duties injoyned in this Command­ment; and the Negative, the sins forbidden are im­plied in them. Now learn these Scripture Texts con­cerning them, 1 Thes. 4.3, 4, 5. This is the Will of God, e­ven your Sanctification, that ye should abstain from Fornica­tion, that every one of you know how to possess his Vessel, (that is, his body) in Sanctification and Honour; not in the lust of Concupiscence, as the Gentiles that know not God: For God hath called us, not to Ʋncleanness, but unto Holi­ness. To the contrary therefore it is threatned, 1 Cor. 3.17. If any man defile the Temple of God, Him will God destroy.

Q What are the sins forbidden in this Com­mandment?

A. All gross Acts of Uncleanness, For­nication, or Adultery; nay the lest signs or degrees thereof, as, filthy thoughts, desires, or Concupiscences, wanton glances, or any obscene talk.

Catechist. Gal. 5.19. The works of the flesh are mani­fest, Adultery, Fornication, Ʋncleanness, Lasciviousness; For­nication [Page 102]therefore and all Ʋncleanness, Let it not (saith the Apostle, Eph. 5.3.) be once named amongst you as be­cometh Saints. And Col. 3.5. Mortifie your Members which are upon Earth, Fornication, Ʋncleanness, inordinate affection, or Concupiscence. O! that you young people would learn these Texts, and store them up in your hearts, which if you would do, you would not so monstrously commit that detestable Crime of Fornication, either simple Fornication, or that before your Marriages, as we too often see! And to the end you may avoid these, I beseech you, consider the necessity of avoiding the least degrees thereof, much more the gross sins. For 2 Cor. 7.1. You must Cleanse yourselves from all filthiness, not only of the flesh, but also of the spirit. Gal. 5.24. You must crucifie the flesh, with the affections and lusts. You must take heed of even wanton glances, with Job 31.1. Make a Covenant with your eyes not to look upon a Maid. For your Saviour saith upon this Commandment, Mat. 5.28. He that looketh on a woman to lust after her, Com­mits Adultery with ber in his heart. And hence you read of such as have eyes full of Adultery, 2 Pet. 2.14. And you must likewise take heed of all wanton and ob­scene discourse, and corrupt Communications, all filthi­ness and foolish talking, which are not Convenient, that is, by the Figure Meiosis, are very hurtful, instaming lust, Eph. 4.29.

Q. What sins are forbidden, as provoking or pampering lust?

A. All excess in Meats or Drinks: Glut­tony and Drunkenness.

Catechist, Temperance and Soberness therefore are enjoyned you in this Commandment, Rom. 13.13. Let us therefore walk honestly as in the day, not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness. Observe how closely these are joyned together, because they most com­monly follow each other. Lot was therefore overtaken in [Page 103]incest with his two Daughters through drunkenness. And it is a sad saying of a Father, I never knew a drunkard chast. Let the time past therefore (as S. Pe­ter 1 Ep. 4.3. exhorts,) suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in all lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquettings. For as S. Paul saith, Rom. 13.14. It is by these things that men make pro­vision for the flesh to fulfil the lusts thereof.

Q. What doth the Eight Commandment re­quire?

A. All lawful endeavours to further my Neighbours Wealth, as well as mine own.

Q. How doth your Catechism express this?

A. To be true and just in all my dealings.

Catechist. This Commandment enjoyns you just, and plain, and honest dealing with all men. For Mic. 6.8. What doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to do justly, love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God? And without this, let no man think he can be saved, Psal. 15.1, 2. Who shall dwell in thine Holy hill? He that walk­eth uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and doth no ill to his Neighbour. For in this saith S. John, 1 Ep. 3.10. In this are the Children of God manifest, and the Chil­dren of the Devil: He that doth not righteousness is not of God, neither he that Hateth his Brother. But then I pray,

Q. In what Commandment are Alms, and works of Mercy and Charity required?

A. Both in this, and in the Sixth Commandment: In this Commandment; be­cause Almsgiving is a work of Justice and Righteousness, as well as of Charity: it is the poor Mans due. And in the Sixth Com­mandment; for we are guilty of his Blood, [Page 104]who perished for want, when we are able to relieve him.

Catechist. This is excellently illustrated in a passage of the Son of Sirach, Ecclus. 4.1. My Son, defraud not the poor of his Living; neither make the needy to wait long; Make not the hungry Soul sorrowful, and defer not to give to him that is in need, chap. 34.25. The Bread of the needy is his Life, He that defraudeth a man thereof, is a man of Blood. He that takes away his Neighbours living, slayeth him; and he that defrauds his Labourer of his hire, is a blood-shedder. This is plain, we must be charitable to relieve men in extreme need, or else we are guilty of injustice and fraud; defrauding the poor of his Living; and we are guilty of blood, for not relieving Him, that is ready to starve for extreme want, we do in effect slay or kill him. And for Alms being required by this Commandment (Thou shalt not steal) Hear a greater than the Son of Sirach, even So­lomon in his Proverbs 3.27. Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do it. In a word, A man cannot be Uncharitable but he is withall Unjust and Unrighteous. For the Rich man is Gods Steward, his riches are his Talent to be employed for his glory and others good, and his Su­perfluity are the poor mans Due, if need require, what he hath to spare is due unto him, to do him good by Gods Ordinance and Commandment.

Q. What then are the sins forbidden by this Commandment?

A. All picking and stealing; that is, All acts of Fraud and Oppression, as well as Vio­lence and Robbery.

Q. What is required of those who have thus wronged others, in any kind or degree, that they may be saved?

A. Restitution to their power: For he is Unjust, and a Thief in Gods account, who witholds what is another mans, being able to restore it.

Catechist. It is not for nothing, that your Catechism thus teacheth you distinctly and expressly, both the Affirmative and Negative, both the duties enjoyned, and the sins forbidden in this Commandment, more then in the other Commandments. It is because just and honest dealing, carry a great place and figure in true Religion, and no Unjust man can be truly Holy and Religious before God, whatever he pretends.

Now know that the Letter of this Commandment forbids Stealing, that is, all acts of Violence, or Rob­bery; and other Scriptures manifestly extend the prohibi­tion to all Acts of Fraud, Falshood, Guile and Oppression, and make them degrees of Theft, what softer notions soever the world may have of them. Lev. 19.11. Ye shall not steal, nor deal falsly, nor lie one to another. Ver. 13. Thou shalt not defraud thy Neighbour, nor rob him. And chap 25.17. Ye shall not oppress one another (that is, by over, or undervaluing what ye Buy or Sell) I am the Lord. 1 Thes. 4.6. Let no man defraud, or go beyond his brother in any thing; for God is the Avenger of all such.

But if any one have done any of these things, then must he of necessity restore to every one, what he hath wronged him of, if ever he hopes to be saved. The Holy Fathers of the Church, give it as a certain Ca­non or Rule, that without this Restitution, there can be no Remission, no Salvation, And with great rea­son, for God saith in his Law expressly, Lev. 6.4. He that hath sinned and is guilty, He shall restore that which he hath taken violently away, or the thing which he hath got­ten deceitfully, or all that, about which, being delivered him to keep, or being lost he found, or for whatsoever he swear falsely, He shall restore it, even in the principal, and shall [Page 106]add a fifth part more, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth in the day of his trespass offering. Exam­ples of which Restitution we have one in the Old Te­stament, Neh. 5.11, 12, 13. He in his Reforming the peo­ple, caused them to restore the money, and the corn which they had exacted of one another. And another in the New Testament Zaccheus, Luk. 19.8. who upon his Con­version promised if he had wronged any man by false ac­cusation, he would restore fourfold. In short, the Apostles precept reacheth this matter, Rom. 13.7. Render to all their Dues. For whatever thou hast wronged any man of, it is his Due. It is his, though in thy hands and possession, and thou art bound in justice to give, or render to every man his Due, or what is his.

Q. Do not they also transgress this Command­ment, who are idle and will not labour in an honest Calling, or who are prodigal, and wast their Estates and Earnings?

A. Yes: They are Thieves to their Families, who either provide not for them, or spend all they have upon their Lusts.

Catechist. I have before told you of the Apostles most severe Censure of such men as are careless of their Families. 1 Tim. 5.8. If any man provide not for them of his own household, He hath denied the Faith, and is worse than an Infidel. And I appeal to every one here, if it be not the same case; for a man vainly to wast what should maintain his wife and children, and piss that a­gainst the walls, which should be bread and clothing to their backs and bellies. May these things then serve to help you to Understand this Eight Commandment.

Q. What doth the Ninth Commandment (Thou shalt not bear false witness) require?

A. To speak the truth on all occasions, and [Page 107]to endea [...]ur to preserve, and maintain, and promot [...] [...]ine own, and my Neighbours Cre­dit or good Name.

Catechist. I would have you here recollect the scope and purport of the three last Commandments. For in the Sixth Commandment, God takes care to secure your Neighbours life and person; in the Seventh his chasti­ty, and the chastity of his Relatives; in the Eight, his worldly Goods, and properties, and Estate: And here what is (as dear to him as any of the other) his credit, good Name, and Reputation. In General, Truth in speech is required by this Commandment, which is one part of the Answer to that necessary In­quiry, Who shall dwell in Gods Tabernacle? who shall in­habit his Holy Hill? Psal. 15.1, 2. He that speaketh the truth to his Neighbour. Putting away lying therefore, saith the Apostle, Eph. 4.25. speak ye every man the truth, for we are members one of another. And in special we must in all our speeches have a just care of our Neighbours good Name and Repute. For Rom. 13.10. Love worketh no ill to his Neighbour in any kind, especially not in his good Name, which is the best thing he hath in this world, better than a most pretious oyntment, Eccl. 7.3. And to be chosen rather than great riches, and loving favour than silver and gold, Prov. 22.1.

Q. What then are the sins forbidden by this Commandment, according to your Catechism?

A. Evil speaking as well as false speaking, lying and standering: and also rash judging, talebearing and wispering lies, much more bearing false witness before a Magistrate.

Catechist. Ye shall not steal, nor deal falsely, nor lye one to another, are the words of Gods Law, [...]v. 19.11. And therefore A righteous man hateth lying, Prov. 13.5. For A proud look, lying lips, an heart that deviseth abo­minations, [Page 108]and him that soweth discord amon [...] [...]rethren, a false witness that speaketh lyes; these are [...]hose Se­ven things which God hateth, yea they ar [...] abomination to him, Prov. 6.16, 17, 18, 19. So that a false witness shall not be unpunished: and he that speaketh lyes shall not escape. Good Children, take my Councel, treasure up these and the like Texts in your hearts and Memories. And think of what S. John saith expressly, Rev. 22.15. With­out, that is, without the heavenly Jerusalem, shall be dogs, even Sorcerers, Whoremongers, Idolaters, with whom are rank­ed every one that loveth and maketh a lye. This is huge­ly aggravated, if it be a lye upon solemn Oath, in bearing Witness or Testimony before a Magistrate, for this perverteth publick Justice and Judgment, and mis­leads both Judge and Jurors to a false sentence or ver­dict. This is expresly forbidden in the Letter of this Commandment. But I pray learn further, it is not only lying and false speaking, that you must avoid by this Commandment, but also all evilspeaking as your Catechism teacheth you. Put them in mind (saith the Apostle to Titus 3.1, 2. and in him to all Ministers) to speak evil of no man, to be no brawlers, &c. Not rendring evil for evil, or railing for railing, saith S. Peter. 1 Ep. 3.9. For Our Saviour left us an example, that we should follow his steps, chap. 2.21. Who when he was reviled, reviled not again, ver. 23. St. Paul therefore joyns these together, 1 Tim. 6.4. Envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, as coming from pride and strife of words. So is evil sur­misings a great fault, and from thence, rash judging and censuring. For Christ saith, Mat. 7.1, 2. Judge not, that you be not judged; for with what measure thou metest out to another, it shall be measured to thee again. And S. James saith, chap. 4.11. Speak not evil one of another (brethren) He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his bro­ther, speaketh evil of the Law, and judgeth the Law. To this may be added talebearing, a thing expresly for­bidden by God himself in his Law, Lev. 19.16. Thou [Page 109]shalt not go up and down as a talebearer, among my peo­ple. A thing Solomon often declaims against, Prov. 18.8. The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and go down in­to the inner parts of the belly. Chap. 11.13. A talebearer revealeth secrets, but he that is of a faithful spirit, conceal­eth the matter. And therefore he imputeth the Conti­nuance of strife among men to these, chap. 26.20. Where there is no wood, there the fire goeth out: so where there is no talebearer the strife ceaseth. And by Consequence where such are it continueth. It is therefore excel­lent councel which the Son of Sirach gives, Ecclus. 19.6. Whether it be to friend or foe, talk not of other mens lives: and if thou canst without offence reveal them not, look the place at large, and also chap. 21.25, 26. In short I exhort you Beloved, often to read what S. James saith at large in his Epistle of the Government of the tongue, that unruly member, and always to remember and carry in your minds the Rule S. Peter 1 Ep. 3.10. gives out of the 34. Psalm ver. 12. What man is he that desires life, and to see good days, Let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile. Let him eschew evil, and do good: let him seek peace and ensue it.

Q. May we in no Case tell a lye, no not for the better?

A. No: for all lies are of the Devil, and we must not do evil that good may come of it.

Catechist. That all lyes are of the Devil, is plain by what Christ said, John 8.44. When the Devil speaks a lye, he speaks of his own, For he is a Lyer, and the Fa­ther of lyes. And as for Officious lyes, that is, lyes for the better (as we commonly say) S. Pauls Rule to Christians condemns them sufficiently, Rom. 3 8. No man may do evil, that good may come of it. For they that do so, their Damnation is just. Now have you but one [Page 110]Commandment remaining, which most Divines expound to design chiefly the regulating the very heart, and so to have influence upon all the rest, which restrain the hands, and tongue, and outward man from all acts of Injustice and Unrighteousness, but let us learn what your Catechism teaches you of it.

Q. What duties doth the Tenth Commandment require of you, according to your Catechism? (Thou shalt not covet, &c.)

A. Labour and diligence in my Calling, that I may get mine own Living; and Con­tentment; doing my duty in that state of life unto which it hath pleased God to call me.

Catechist. If any man be idle, and will not labour, S. Paul censures him to hunger, saying, neither let him eat, 1 Thes. 3.10. For such a man crosseth Gods Ordinance, who as it is in Job 5.27. made man to labour, as the sparks to fly upward. Such is therefore Gods Canon-law, Eph. 4.28. Let him that stole, steal no more; but ra­ther, let him labour with his hands the thing that is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. And as for diligence in this labour, we know what God promi­seth, and may daily see how God prospers it, Prov. 10.4. He becometh poor that dealeth with a slack hand, But the hand of the diligent maketh rich. Chap. 13.4. The Soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing, but the Soul of the diligent shall be made fat. Now being diligent and industrious in our Callings; we must be content with that Condition and State of life, wherein God hath placed us, 1 Tim. 6.6. Having food and raiment, let us therewith be content. For Godliness with Contentment is great gain. Let your Conversation therefore be without Co­vetousnes. Heb. 13.5. And be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee nor forsake thee. And herein we have the Apostle for an [Page 111]excellent example, who saith, Phil. 4.11. I have learnt to abound and to suffer want, and in whatsoever Estate I am, therewith to be content.

Q. What then are the sins forbidden by this Commandment?

A. Idleness in my Calling, Discontent with my present Condition, Envying, Coveting or inordinate desiring the Goods of others.

Catechist. Hear a little out of the Scriptures of each of these. The Prophet Ezekiel 1.6.49. tells you what the sins of Sodom was, even fulness of bread, and aban­dance of Idleness. And as Solomon often inveighs against the sluggard, so his Censure of this vice (to name no more) methinks deserves your good remmembrance, Eccl. 10.18. By much slothfulness the Building decayeth, and through Idleness of the hands, the House droppeth through. As for Discontentment in whatever Condition Gods providence placeth us, it is quite contrary to Holy Da­vids resolves, Psal. 39.9. I will lay my hand upon my mouth, and say nothing, because it is thy Doing. And to Jobs carriage under his unspeakable losses and crosses. For when all was destroyed, and he fell into most ex­treme poverty and misery, He sinned not, but said, chap. 1 21. The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken a­way, blessed be the name of the Lord. And to his mur­muring wife he said, chap. 2.10. Thou speakest like one of the foolish women, for shall we receive good, and not evil at the hands of the Lord? And now, as we must not be discontent with, nor impatient under our own Condi­tion, so must we not envy at another mans. For En­vyings are numbred amongst the works of the flesh, Gal. 5.21. And the Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 13.4. Charity envy­eth not, but rejoyceth in others good. The Psalmist there­fore cautions every godly man against envying, fret­ting at even the wicked mans prosperity in this world. Ps. 37. throughout. And the Apostle saith, Rom. 13.13. [Page 112] Let us walk, not in strife nor envying, no more than in gluttony and drunkenness; and St. James makes envy the Fountain of many mischiefs, saying, chap. 3.16. Where envying is there is Confusion, and every evil work. And lastly, as for Coveting and inordinate desire of others goods, The letter of the Commandment expressly for­bids it, saying, Thou shalt not covet thy neighbours house, &c. And therefore I say in the words of the Prophet, Ezekiel 33.31. Let not your hearts go after your Covetous­ness. So have you now all the Commandments set before you, by which I exhort you often to ex­amine yourselves, how your estate stands towards God, and concerning your hopes of Salvation, and great cause have we all to say as Holy Church directs us, after the repeating them in the Communion Service, and that even from the bottom of our hearts, Lord have mer­cy to pardon us all our Omissions and Commissions therein, and for the time to Come, write all these Laws in our hearts. So proceed we to the next Gene­ral Head in Catechism.

The Lords Prayer: for an Introduction whereto, I ask you,

Q. My Good Child, Dost thou think thou art able to do these things of thy self, or to keep these Commandments of God, or to serve him of thy self, by any natural power of thine own?

A. No.

Q. What then is needful to enable thee there­unto?

A. Gods special Grace.

Catechist. I have minded you before, of what our Sa­viour said to his Disciples, John 11.15. I am the Vine, ye are the branches, He that abideth in me, and I in him, [Page 113]bringeth forth much fruit, for without me ye can do nothing, Joh. 15.5. it is God that worketh in us both to will and do that which is good. And thence are we able to do all things, Phil. 4.13. any good thing through Christ strengthening us.

Q. Why are you unable to keep Gods Com­mandments, or to serve him without this special Grace assisting you?

A. Because my duties are Spiritual, and having many mighty Enemies, and strong Temptations, I am by nature prone to all e­vil, and averse from all good.

Catechist. I have before upon the fourth Question in Catechism, and in the Creed instructed you in this your natural Corruption, and I cannot do it too often, S. Paul speaks much of it in Rom. 7. saying, In me, that is, in my flesh dwelleth no good thing. Ver. 18. For to will is present with me, but how to perform that which is good I know not. Ver. 14. What I would, that I do not: but what I hate, that do I. Our Enemies they are mighty, and very subtile, even the Devil, the world and the flesh. Our duties are spiritual: for God saith, My Son, Give me thy heart, Prov. 23.26. and will be worshipped in spirit and in truth, Joh. 4.24. But we are carnal, sold un­der sin, Rom. 7.14. The natural man receiveth not the things of the spirit of God, because they are spiritually discerned, 1 Cor. 2.14.

Q By what means then may you obtain Gods special Grace?

A. By diligent, that is, by daily fervent prayer.

Catechist. Of the efficacy of our prayers to obtain Gods special Grace Our Saviour assures us, and that by way of Argument, which gives us much stronger consola­tion, Luk, 11.13. If ye being evil, know how to give good [Page 114]gifts to your Children, how much more will your heavenly Father give his Holy Spirit to them that ask him? But then Our asking must be thus qualified, that it may obtain: it must be daily, we must pray continually or without ceasing, 1 Thes. 5.17. and fervently, Jam. 5.16. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much. Ask therefore, and so ask, and it shall be given you: seek and ye shall find: knock and it shall be opened unto you, Matth. 7.7.

Q. In what bodily posture must you pray?

A. Kneeling, or at least with the greatest reverence possible.

Catechist. For in this posture of kneeling have Gods Saints always made their solemn prayers, or for the most part. And as we cannot use too much reverence in our Addresses to so great a God, so unto this are we daily invited in the words of the Psal. 95.6. O come let us worship and fall down, and kneel before the Lord our maker.

Q. What things must you pray for besides Gods Grace?

A. Only for things agreeable to Gods will.

Catechist. 1 Joh. 5.14. This is the Confidence that we have in him, that whatever we ask according to his Will, he hear­eth us.

Q. In whose Name and Mediation must we put up our prayers?

A. Neither of Saints nor Angels, but only that of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Catechist. So he himself directs us. For he the is one Mediator betwixt us and the one God, 1 Tim. 2.5. Therefore he saith, Joh. 14 13.14. Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in me. If ye shall ask any thing in my Name, I will do it. And he assures us, even with an Oath, that his Father will do [Page 115]it, chap. 16.23. Verily, Verily I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my Name, he will give it you. And he seems to solve the doubt, why he saith, he will do it, and his Father will do it too, ver. 26. Ye shall ask in my Name, and I say unto you, that I will pray the father for you, &c. For Heb. 7.25. He is able to save to the ul­termost, seeing he liveth for ever to make intercession for us. With great reason therefore doth our Holy Church conclude all her prayers with these words, Through Je­sus Christ our Lord. And praying in Christs Name, we cannot pray better or more acceptably than in his words too.

Q. Which is the best form of prayer, and most perfect pattern to direct you in praying?

A. The Prayer Christ taught his Disciples, called, The Lords Prayer.

Q. Let me hear you then say the Lords prayer?

A. Our Father which art in heaven, Hal­lowed be thy name, &c.

Catechist. It is rightly called the Lords prayer, as the Eucharist is called the Lords Supper, because he composed it, as he instituted and ordained this his Supper. Now observe when Christ taught his Disciples this prayer; it is said in Luk. 11.2. When ye pray, say, plainly making it Our duty (as his Disciples, as we will owne ourselves to be Christians) to use this form of prayer at all times; for it is a most perfect and Comprehensive prayer, containing all that is need­ful to be prayed for, and therefore supplying the defects of all other our prayers. But at another time, Matth. 6.9. He said, After this manner pray ye, as plainly there making it a pattern to all other our prayers. And so doing, Our prayers cannot be other than according to Gods will, and being so, we are sure he will hear and [Page 116]grant our petitions. Now tell me what your Catechism teacheth you of this.

Q. What desirest thou of God in this prayer?

A. I desire my Lord God, our Heavenly Father, &c.

Catechist. This is a very solid answer, and teacheth you a great deal in a little Compass. My part is to help you to understand to what part and petition of your Lords prayer, every clause in this answer is to be referred, and to make these and all other needful things concerning it as plain as I can. In the mean time, Let me give you this instruction. It will be very good and profitable for you, (Good Children,) to get some other good and godly prayers by heart for your dai­ly use, out of some or other good books, such as those sometimes annexed to your Bibles, or those in that ex­cellent Book called, The Whole duty of man, or the like. And till you can do that, let me tell you, you may make a very good prayer of this your answer, and using it devoutly and with understanding, it will be ac­ceptable to God. Instead of saying, I desire my Lord God, Our heavenly Father, &c. it is but altering it thus, and it will be a very good prayer. O Lord God, Our Heavenly Father, who art the Author of all goodness, I desire thee, I beseech thee, that thou wilt send thy grace to me and to all people, that we may worship thee, serve thee, and obey thee as we ought to do, and I pray unto thee that thou wilt send us all things, that be needful both for our bodies and our Souls, and that thou wilt be merciful unto us, and, forgive us our sins, and I humbly beg that it will please thee to save us in all dangers Ghostly and bodily, and that thou wilt keep us from all sin and wickedness, and from our Ghostly Enemy, and from Everlasting death. And I trust and beg of thee, that I may always trust that thou [Page 117]wilt do this of thy own mere mercy [...]nd goodness, through our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

Say this your answer in such a form of [...]ayer up­on your knees every day morning and evening [...]ith un­derstanding, and from your hearts and Souls, and doubt not, God who delights not in quaint words, nor in the multitude of them, will graciously accept it, both till you have furnished yourselves with some larger forms, and afterwards.

Now for our further understanding of our Lords pray­er, and of this account your Catechism gives of it, I ask you,

Q. How many parts are there in the Lords prayer?

A. Three: a Preface, the Petitions, and the Doxology or Conclusion.

Catechist. See what you may learn by the Preface first.

Q. To whom must you pray that you may be sure to speed?

A. To our Father in Heaven only.

Catechist. A very necessary Observation, since we know the Papists practices of making their prayers, to Saints and Angels, nay to very Images, and especially to the Virgin Mary. Which if any Christians can law­fully do, it is marvellous that our Lord and Saviour should direct us so strictly to pray to God, and him only, to no other whom we cannot call by this title, Our Father which art in heaven. Religious prayer and Invocation is a Divine Honour, it is proper to God, who saith, Psal. 50.15. Call upon me in the day of trouble, and we cannot give Gods glory to another without the guilt of Idolatry. To pray unto Saints or Angels, implies an adoring them, as Omnipotent, able to help us, Omnipresent; and Omniscient, capable of hearing us wherever, and whensoever we call upon them. And can [Page 118]we he sure of either of these? or are they possible? where have we any precept or direction in all the Scriptures, to make our Addresses and Supplications un­to them? or any example of any Saints that have done it before us? or any promise of their hearing our pray­ers, or helping our necessities, or of our obtaining what we ask of them, or by their Mediation? And having none of these, how can we pray to them in duty or in Faith? But this we can do to God, and to him on­ly, Our Father which is in Heaven. For being Our Fa­ther, he is gracious and of great kindness, having Fa­therly bowels, ready and willing to hear and help us, and being Our Father in Heaven. He is Almighty, the Great giver of all goodness, and therefore able to hear and help us. And therefore to him alone let us make our prayers and supplications saying, with Holy David, Psal. 25.1. Ʋnto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my Soul. Psal. 121.1, 2. I will lift up mine eyes to the hills, from whence cometh my help. My help cometh from the Lord who made Heaven and Earth.

Q. What is the meaning then of this Preface (Our Father which art in Heaven?)

A. It teaches me to call upon God, as my Lord God, Our Heavenly Father, who is the Giver of all Goodness, and so assures me that he both will, and can hear and help me.

Catechist. Your Catechism here, gives you a very short but pithy explanation of this Title of the Great God, as the Hearer of prayers, Psal. 65.2. (Our Father which art in Heaven.) Therein every one calls upon God in such words, as S. Thomas expresseth his faith in, Joh. 20.28. My Lord and my God. Thou, in whom I have a special interest as my God. Yet (mark it) not so mine, but that he is also others. (Our heavenly Fa­ther.) For I am in Charity to look upon others as [Page 119]my Brethren, having a filial relation also to God, as well as my self. Now (as I said) in that He is our Fa­ther, This assures us that he is ready and willing to hear and help us, as any Father will do for his chil­dren, for so Christ argues, Matth. 7.9, 10. If a child ask bread of his father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he give him a Scorpien? Will he not give him all good things, and things needful and profitable for him? Hon much more will God as a Father give us all good things that we ask him? For Psal. 103.13. As a Father pitieth his children, so doth the Lord them that fear him. And then that he is Our Heavenly Father, this assures us of his power and ability, that he can help us. For Psal. 99.1. The Lord is great in Sion, and he is high above all people. Psal. 97.1. The Lord reigneth, let his Children rejoyce. For nothing then can harm them without his leave and providence, Psal. 2.1. Even when the Heathen rage, and the Kings of the Earth bandy to­gether, against the Lord, and against his Anointed, he that setteth in Heaven shall laugh them to scorn. The Lord shall have them in Derision. He that dwells in Heaven. Pray, how dwells the Lord there? Surely not so there, but that he is in all places, Omnipresent, Jer. 23.23. Am I God at hand, and not afar of, saith the Lord? Do not I fill heaven and Earth, saith the Lord? But he is in Heaven, because there is the Habitation of His throne of Majesty, Psal. 97.2. And there and from thence he more especially manifesteth his exceeding great power and glory. So is he Our Father in heaven in that sence, and as our Catechism adds by way of expla­nation, He is therefore the Giver of all Goodness, of all good things, Jam. 1.17. Every good and every perfect gift comes from above, even from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness neither shaddow of turning. So much of the Preface, now to the petitions.

Q. How many petitions are there in the Lords prayer?

A. Six: Three with relation to Gods glo­ry, and three to our own benefit.

Q. Why are we taught to pray first for what respects Gods Glory, before we pray for things relating to our own benefit?

A. To teach us that we ought to make Gods Glory the great end of our prayers, as well as of all our Actions; and in all cases, to prefer it before all things whatsoever.

Catechist. Gods glory is the great end of our Cre­ation, and of whatever God doth, that the whole Earth may be full of his Glory, Isaiah 6.3. Solomon saith, Prov. 16.4. The Lord made all things for himself, yea, even the wicked for the day of evil, that is, to glorifie his justice in them. Now what is Gods end in all his doings, should be Our great end and aim in all our prayers and all our actions, 1 Cor. 10.31. Whether ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.

For the first Petition then, Hallowed be thy name. You may observe in the first place, that your Catechism explains Hallowing Gods Name, to be as much as worshipping him, which we often also express, by glorifying or honouring him, and taking due notice thereof, I ask you first,

Q. Are we able to Worship, Honour or Glo­rifie God, as we ought to do?

A. No.

Q. How ought we to Worship, or Honour, or Glorify God?

A. Above all Beings, in heart, word and deed.

Catechist. Do but remember the Apostle's expression to this purpose, 1 Cor. 6.20. We must glorifie God with our Bodies, and with our spirits, which are his. Now, [Page 121]alas! this we, sinful, corrupt, degenerate mankind, are in no wise able to do, until he regenerate and renew us, in the words of his Covenant, his Covenant of Grace, Ezek. 11.19. Put a new heart, and a new spirit within us, take from us the stony heart, and give us an heart of flesh. In a word, till he put his Spirit, his Spirit of Grace within us, to cause us to walk in his Statutes and in his Judgments.

Q. What desirest thou therefore in this petition, (Hallowed be thy Name?)

A. I desire God to send his Grace to me, and to all people, that we may worship him, as we ought to do.

Q. Dost thou desire this, or any other Bles­sing of God for thy self only?

A. No: I desire it for all people, and whatever Blessing I desire for my self, in any petition, in Christian Charity I pray the same for others also.

Catechist. Therefore observe, as the latter petitions run not, Give me, but give us, not Forgive me, but forgive us; so this, and the two following petitions run in the third person, and two of them in the Passive voice. It is here, not let me, nor yet let us only, Hallow thy name, but Hallowed be thy name: so that as on the one hand, Our prayers should answer our duties, which in this case, is to glorifie God with our whole man, in heart, word, and deed, so do they on the other hand answer Gods promises; and that is a full one in the P. Malachi to this purpose, chap. 1.11. From the rising of the Sun even to the going down of the same. Gods name shall be great among the Gentiles, and in every place incense and a pure of­fering shall be given to his Name. Go on then to the next petition, (Thy Kingdom come.)

Q. What is implied in this petition, Thy King­dom come?

A. That we, and all men, are by nature under the bondage and Dominion of sin and Satan, and that we are not of ourselves able to rescue ourselves from them.

Catechist. We are by nature, not only of our Fa­ther the Devil, doing his will, as Christ told the Jews, because his works we do, Joh. 8.44. but we are also his Subjects, nay, his Vassals and Bondslaves. For 2 Pet. 2.19. Of whom a man is overcome, of the same he is brought in bendage. Rom. 7.14. We are sold under sin. Eph. 2.2. The Prince of the power of the Air is the Spirit that ruleth in all the Children of disobedience. He ruleth in them by sin reigning in them. For Rom. 6.16. His Ser­vants we are to whom we obey; whether of sin unto death, or of Obedience unto righteousness.

Q. What desirest thou therefore of God in this petition?

A. That God would rescue us from the Do­minion of sin and Satan, and that his King­dom of Grace may take place in us, and that God would fit us for, and hasten his King­dom of Glory.

Q. How doth your Catechism express this?

A. I desire God to send his Grace to me, and to all people, that we may serve him as we ought to do.

Catechist. In respect of the former branch of your Answer, that God would rescue us from the Domi­nion of sin and Satan in us, and that his Kingdom of Grace may take place and be rooted in us, I con­ceive, this petition is equivalent to what the Apostle [Page 123]declares to be the design of the Gospel in the world, Act. 26.18. That God would open mens eyes and turn them, from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive for giveness of Sins, and an in­heritance among them that are Sanctified, by faith that is in Christ Jesus, or it is just what Zacharias hath in his Song, Luk. 1.74. That God would grant unto us, and unto all men, that being delivered from the hands of our Enemies, Our spiritual Enemies, We and they may all serve him in Holiness and righteousness all the days of our lives. And then in respect of the latter, Gods fittting us for, and hastning his Kingdom of Glory, this petition may receive Light from that promise of Christ, Rev. 22.20. Surely I come quickly, for thereunto we are directed to say, from the bottom of our hearts, even so, Come Lord Jesus, Come quickly. For that is the great thing which we Christians should love, and look, and long for, e­ven his appearing, as may be seen in diverse Texts, Particularly, Titus 1.13. and 2.12, 13.

Q What is implied in the third petition, (Thy Will be done?)

A. That we are naturally apt to do the Will of the Devil, the World, and the flesh, but to rebel against Gods Will of Command­ment, and to murmur at his Will of Pro­vidence.

Catechist. There is a twofold Will of God; what he commandeth in his word, and What he ordereth in his Providence. And by corrupt nature we rebell against hoth, especially the former, being prene to all evil, and averse to all good, conceived in sin, and born in iniquity, Ps. 51.5. Having our understandings darkned, and be­ing alienated from the life of God, through the igno­rance that is in us, because of the blindness of our hearts.

Q. What desirest thou therefore of God in this petition?

A. That we may be both able, and wil­ling to obey his Will revealed in his Word, and in all things submit to his Providence.

Q. How is this expressed in your Catechism?

A. I desire God to send his grace to me, and to all people, that we may obey him as we ought to do.

Catechist. That is, that we may follow Christs ex­ample herein, who said Ps. 40.8. I am content to do thy will, O God, yea thy law is in my heart. And for his works of Providence, that we may with Holy David, when any evil happens to us from the Lord, lay our hands upon our mouths, and say nothing, that is, not repine or murmur at what God doth, because it is Gods doing. For in all cross accidents and occurren­ces, we should see Gods hands as Job did, chap. 1.21. The Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away, blessed be the Name of the Lord.

Q. How ought we to obey him?

A. As they do it in Heaven.

Q. What means that clause (in Earth as it is in Heaven?)

A. Therein I desire that we may obey Gods Will with that sincerity, chearfulness, and constancy, wherewith the Angels do it in Heaven, though we cannot with the same per­fection.

Catechist. You remember how the Psalmist describes those Heavenly Inhabitants, Ps. 103.20. Bless the Lord, ye his Angels, that excel in strength, that fulfil his Will, or Commandment, hearkning to the voice of his word. And from thence they have the name of Seraphims, from their Alacrity and Zeal in Glorifying God, and doing his Will and pleasure. For God made them ministring [Page 125]spirits, to minister to them that shall be heirs of Salvation, Heb. 1.14. And such is their zeal and fervency here­in, that they are said to be a flame of fire. That there­fore is our prayer in this petition, that God would inspire us with the like fervency, chearfulness and con­stancy in our Obedience. So much for those petitions that relate to Gods glory. Now follow those that re­late to our own temporal, and Spiritual Benefit.

Q. What is implied in the fourth petition, (Give us this day our daily Bread?)

A. That no man can maintain himself by all his own care and labour, without the Blessing of God upon both.

Catechist. Our Saviour saith, Matth. 6.32. That Our Heavenly Father knoweth that we have need of these things, that is somewhat to eat, and somewhat to drink, and somewhat to put on, food and raiment: These bo­dies of ours must have their proper aliment and can­not subsist without them. From whence Solomon saith, The bread of the needy is his life, He that withholds it from him is a man of blood.

But these things so needful we cannot get by all our labours, without Gods gift and Blessing, Ps. 127.2. It is in vain to rise up early, and sit up late, and eat the bread of carefulness, if God do not bless the house and all in it. Nor can they (could we get them) at all nou­rish us without that blessing of God. For Deut. 8.3. Man liveth not by bread alone, but by every word that pro­ceedeth out of the mouth of God, that is, by his word of Blessing upon it. So true it is, that in him we live, and move, and have our being, Act. 17.28. this is implied in the Petition.

Q. What dost thou therefore pray for in this fourth petition?

A. That God would bless all our lawful [Page 126]endeavours, and so send us all things needful, both for our Bodies and our Souls.

Catechist. You may remember Agurs prayer, Prov. 30.8. which is in other words the same with this, Give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food con­venient for me: lest being rich, I be full, and deny thee, and say who is the Lord? or being poor I steal, or be tempt­ed to do unjustly, taking the name of God in vain. And since our souls have their proper food and nourishment as well as Our Bodies, even the Word and Sacra­ments; the Church therefore teaches you that you here­in pray for the continuance of these also, even what is needful for the nourishing our Souls to eternal life. Some of the Fathers therefore by daily bread, under­stood the Holy Sacrament.

Q. What is implied in the fifth petition, For­give us our Trespasses, &c.

A. That we are by our sins Debtors to Gods Justice, and liable to Condemnation.

Q. Can any man living satisfie Gods Justice for this debt?

A. No: nor all the world.

Catechist. Alas, We sin daily, and in many things of­fend all, Jam. 3.2. And by every sin become debtors to Gods justice, and are guilty of death. For Rom. 6.23. The wages of sin is death. It being said by the just God from the Beginning, Gen. 2.17. In the day thou sinnest thou shalt die the death. And as no man can satisfie Gods Justice for sin, for his own sin, so Psal. 49.7. None can redeem his brother, nor pay to God a ransom for him. He that satisfies for others sins, must have no sin of his own. How should they answer for others, who are themselves guilty?

Q. What dost thou therefore pray for in this fifth Petition?

A. I pray unto God that he will for the merits of Christs Satisfaction be merciful un­to us, and forgive us our sins.

Catechist. What we pray for here, is just what God promiseth in his new Covenant, Jer. 31.34. I will for­give their iniquites, and remember their sins no more. Now this was a Covenant of mercy made in Christ upon his undertaking to satisfie Gods Justice for our sins, saying, Psal. 40.7. Lo I come to do thy Will O God. For thus Ps. 85.10. in him, and by him Mercy and Truth met together, Righteousness and peace kissed each other. Col. 1.20. He made peace through the blood of his Cross. For 1 Joh. 2.2. He became a propitiation for our sins, and for the sins of the whole world. For his sake therefore it is that we hope and pray for mercy and forgiveness.

Q. What mean you by forgiveness of sins?

A. A free and full acquitting us of their guilt and punishment.

Catechist. Free, therefore do we Protestants utterly disclaim all opinion of Merit, which is indeed utterly inconsistent with the words (Mercy and Forgiveness.) Rom. 3.24. We are justified freely by his Grace through the Redemption that is in Jesus. And its a full Forgiveness, therefore we also deny the Papists opinion of Purga­tory pains, to satisfie for our sins, by enduring a tem­poral punishment for them. For when God forgives, he will not again exact the debt in part, or whole, he saith in his Covenant of Grace and Mercy, I will so forgive their sins, as to remember them no more.

Q. Who are they that may expect such For­giveness at the hands of God?

A. True penitents only, that are so sorry for their sins, as to forsake them; and such as from their hearts forgive others their injuries and offences against themselves.

Catechist. For the former I refer you to what I taught you upon the Article of Forgiveness in your Creed. And for forgiving of others, it is so necessary to qua­lifie us for Gods pardon, that Christ tells us plain­ly what we must look for, Matth. 6.14. If ye forgive men their trespasses, your Heavenly Father will forgive you yours, but if ye forgive not men their trespasses, nei­ther will your Father forgive you your trespasses. So much for this petition also.

Q. What is implied in the Sixth petition, (Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from Evil?)

A. Our greatest Misery in this life, to wit, that Satan, the world, and the flesh are always tempting us to sin, and we ourselves are prone to yield to, and unable of ourselves to resist any temptation.

Catechist. We must, as the Apostle Gal. 6.1. warns us, look upon ourselves as surrounded with tempta­tions, Consider ourselves lest we be tempted. And there­fore as Christ exhorts, Mark 14.38. Watch and pray, lest we enter into Temptation. And alas, in regard of them, we have no reason to be in love with, but e­ven to be weary of this Life, saying with David, Ps. 120.5. Wo is me, that I sojourn in Mesech, and have my habitation in the tents of Kedar. For 1 Pet. 5.8. Our ad­versary the Devil goes about like a roaring Lyon: seeking whom he may devour. And he makes use of all the good and evil things of this world to be snares to us, to intangle us in one or other sin or wickedness, and our flesh is weak, and our own hearts treacherous, too willing to yeild themselves a prey to that Ghostly enemy, The Great Devourer.

Q. What must we in justice expect if we either yeild to commit sin to which he tempts us, or conti­nue in it?

A. All Evils of Punishment both in this Life and the Next.

Catechist. Prov. 13.21. Evil pursueth sinners. Rom. 1.18. The wrath of God is revealed from Heaven against all un­godliness and vnrighteousness of men. For he hath spo­ken it, Rom. 2.6. That he will render to every man ac­cording to his works. Ver. 9. To them who obey not the truth, but obey unrighteousness; indignation, and wrath, Tri­bulation and anguish, to every soul that doth evil, Jew or Gentile. These things are implied in the petition. Now then,

Q. What dost thou pray for in this petition?

A. That God would assist us by his Holy Spirit, to resist and overcome all Tempta­tions, and either to keep us from being tempt­ed to sin, or from falling into sin, or from living impenitently in it, so that we may escape his punishments Temporal, Spiritual, and Eternal.

Catechist. Need have we to pray, and that continu­ally, for the Almighty Guidance and Assistance of Gods Holy Spirit, in this our Spiritual warfare; for we are poor, weak and frail Creatures of ourselves, The spirit being willing, but the flesh in the best of us weak, Matth. 26.41. For we have to wrastle not with flesh and blood (like ourselves) but with principalities and powers, against the Rulers of the darkness of this world, and against Spiritual wickednesses in high places, Eph. 6.12. And now this Confidence we have in putting up this petition, That it is exactly agreeable to Gods will and pro­mise, and therefore God will hear us. For what we here pray for is just what the Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 10.13. There hath no Temptation overtaken you, but what is common to men, but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able, but will with the [Page 130]temptation make you a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

Q. How doth your Catechism express this?

A. I pray unto God that it will please him to save and defend us in all dangers Ghostly and bodily, and that he will keep us from all sin and wickedness, and from our Ghostly enemy, and from Everlasting death.

Catechist. In this answer the evils we pray to be delivered from are enumerated particularly. Dangers Ghostly, (that is Spiritual) and bodily, and all sin and wickedness, and our Ghostly (that is Spiritual) e­nemy, the Devil; and from all evils for sin, especially Everlasting death. And that which I would further observe here, is only this to the Glory of God, that whatever the evil or danger be, or of what sort so­ever our Enemies, Ghostly or Bodily, Temporal, Spi­tual or Eternal, God is the only, the Great deliverer we can rely upon, to save and deliver us from, and defend, and preserse us in them all, Isaiah 49.26. I the Lord am thy Saviour and Redeemer. Hos. 13.4. There is no Saviour besides me. Isaiah 63.1. He alone is mighty to save. 2 Pet. 2.9. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the god­ly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the Day of Judgment to be punished. So have you what your Catechism teaches you concerning all the petitions in your Lords prayer, there only remains the last part thereof, The Doxology or Conclusion. (For thine is the Kingdom, and the power and the Glory for ever, Amen.) to lead you to understand the true importance whereof I ask you first,

Q. Ought we not to praise God also, when we pray unto him?

A. Yes: To all our prayers we must joyn praises and Thanksgivings.

Catechist. The Apostle, Phil. 4.6. joyns them closely, Be careful for nothing, but in every thing, by prayer and supplications, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God. And his precept is, 1 Thes. 5.18. In every thing give thanks, for this is the will of God in Christ Je­sus concerning you. Eph. 5.20. We must give thanks always, for all things unto God. 1 Tim. 2.1. I exhort that first of all, Supplications, Intercessions and giving thanks, be made for all men, &c. And so Col. 4.2. we are directed to watch unto prayer with thanksgiving. The defect whereof, I hope you remember was what Christ taxed in the le­pers, Luk. 17.17. Were there not ten cleansed? but where are the nine? for but one of them returned to give thanks.

Q. What are those Attributes and Excellen­cies, in God which we are especially to praise, magnifie and adore?

A. His Eternal Sovereignty, Power, and Glory.

Q. What is it that assures you (besides what you learnt in the Preface) that God will hear, and can give you what you pray for?

A. Those, and other his Attributes, and especially his own Mercy and Goodness for the merits of Christ.

Catechist. It is the very scope of both the Preface, and of this Doxology to assure us hereof, and to strengthen our Faith in prayer, that he both can and will hear and help us. For Mark. 9.23. All things are possible to him that believeth. Now, as his being our Fa­ther, and our Heavenly Father (in the Preface) gives good assurance to our Faith in prayer, so here in the Doxology, we are assured he takes care of us, and doth not, will not utterly neglect us, in any Condi­tion we are in, or can be in, during this Life, no more than any natural and Gracious King, will neglect the safety and welfare of his Subjects, for his is the Kind­dom [Page 132]and Supreme Soveraignty. Psal. 95.3. He is a great King above all Gods. Psal. 103.19. His Kingdom ruleth over all. And that he can help, relieve and deliver us, we are sure, because his is the power, Ps. 62.11. Power belongeth unto God, and nothing can be too hard for the Almighty. 1 Chron. 29.12. In his hand is power and might which none is able to withstand. And lastly we are as­sured that he will do it, if we seek unto him, because His is the glory. For so run his promises often. That He will do, and work for his own names sake, and even for his own glory, Ezek. 36.22. And to all these I may add his Eternity, that is, these are for ever, so that he who hath delivered, doth deliver, and will deli­ver. For He is the same, to day, yesterday and for ever, Heb. 13.8. For with him is no variableness, neither shadow of turning, Jam. 1.17. I pray you then,

Q. To what end or use serves this third and last part of the Lords prayer, The Doxology or Conclusion? (for thine is the Kingdom, &c.)

A. Both to give God the praise of these his glorious Attributes, and to confirm my Faith to expect the things prayed for; for herein I declare that I trust he will do it of his own mercy and goodness, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Catechist. I would only upon this answer observe the practice of Gods Saints for your imitation. In all their prayers recorded in Scripture, we find they used to recite Gods Attributes, which was both to give God the praise thereof, and also to shew upon what grounds they built their Confidence of Gods hearing and granting their petitions, which was nothing of their own, no worthiness or good deservings in them­selves, but only Gods power, and mercy and good­ness. It would be endless to give you the particular [Page 133]instances hereof, you cannot miss of observing it your selves in those prayers you read in the Scriptures. And it is good to follow such footsteps and patterns. There is nothing remains now to teach you, belong­ing to your Lords Prayer, but only the Word (Amen) and in one of these sences is it always used, and to one of those ends it is always intended, wherever it is used, which you have in your Answer to my next Question.

Q. Why dost thou say, Amen, after your prayers?

A. To express my stedfast Belief that God can, and will, and my Earnest desire that he would grant them. For Amen is as much as to say, so be it.

Catechist. Come we then to the last General Head of Catechism, The Doctrine

Of the Sacraments.

Q. How many Sacraments hath Christ or­dained in his Church?

A. Two only as Generally necessary unto Salvation, that is to say, Baptism and the Sup­per of the Lord.

Catechist. I shall reduce this Question and Answer to these that follow, for your better understanding their importance.

Q. What are the ordinary means of Grace and Salvation?

A. The Word, Prayer, and Sacraments.

Catechist. Hence we call them Ordinances. Now for the word of God read or preacht, or the Reading and Preaching thereof by lawful Mininisters, set apart and ordained to this Holy Function, by those that have [Page 134]Authority in the Church to send forth labourers into the Vineyard, for these I say, being Gods Ordinan­ces, or ordinary means of mens Salvation, it is plain­ly proved by divers Texts, particularly that of the Apostle, Rom. 1.16. I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to Salvation to every one that believeth, whether Jew or Gentile. Therefore he told the Jews, Act. 13.26. That to them the word of this Salvation is sent. And by the Gospels being published to the Gentiles, he saith, Rom. 11.11. That Salvation was come to the Gentiles. And hence his charge to his Son Timothy, 1 Ep. 4.16. Take heed to thy self, and to thy do­ctrine, continue in them: for in so doing, thou shalt save thy self and them that hear thee. And it is an excel­lent place in S. James 1.21. Lay apart all filthiness, and superfluity os naughtiness, and receive with meekness the in­grafted word, which is able to save your Souls. And for both the Word and Prayer being such ordinances for mens Salvation, there seems to be no less than a De­monstration in Rom. 10.13, 14. Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. But how shall they call on him, in whom they have not believed? or how shall they believe in him, of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a Preacher? And to shew that we can have no grounds to hope for Salvation, by hearing any but lawfully ordained Ministers, it follows, How shall they preach, unless they be sent? Lastly, for the Sa­craments being ordinary means of mens Salvation, what can be more express than our Saviours words for Bap­tism? John 3.5. Verily, verily, I say unto you, except a man be born again of water, and of the spirit, be cannot enter into the Kingdom of God. Mark 16.16. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved. For the Apostle saith, Gal. 3.27. As many as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ. And he calls it therefore, Tit. 3.5. The Laver or washing of Regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. And St. Peter saith expresly, 1 Ep. 3.21. [Page 135] The like Figure whereunto (speaking of Noahs Ark, where­in he with Eight Souls was saved in the Deluge) e­ven Baptism doth now save us; and for the Lords Supper being an Ordinance for mens Salvation, as it is evi­dent by the Rule of Contraries, for if He that eats and drinks unworthily, not discerning the Lords Body, eats and drinks his own damnation, 1 Cor. 11.29. then he that eats and drinks worthily, discerning the Lords body, eats and drinks his Salvation; so Our Saviour spake punctu­ally hereof, Joh. 6.53, 54. Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of God, and drink his Blood, ye have no Life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh and drinketh my Blood, hath eternal Life, and I will raise him up at the last day. I have been the larger in proving all these to be Gods ordinances, to save mens Souls, that you may see (good Children) what cause you have to abhor the Quakers Sect as damnable Hereticks, who utterly re­ject, nay even make a mock at them, especially both the Sacraments. Know therefore, in doing so, they re­ject and despise the manifest Ordinances of God: and certain it is, that as for us Ministers, in the Dispen­sation of the Word, and Prayer and Sacraments, con­sists that whole Ministration which we have received of the Lord, for the Salvation of men, so for you, the people, I speak in the Apostles words, Heb. 2.3. How shall ye escape if ye neglect so great Salvation? which at first began to be spoken by the Lord himself, and was confirmed to the world by them that heard him, and by them whom they Commissioned for it, such as Ti­mothy and Titus, it was Committed to other faithful men, from age to age successively able to teach others also, 2 Tim. 2.2. Let us then go on,

Q. Who ordained the Sacraments?

A. Jesus Christ.

Catechist. It is not in the Churches power to or­dain new Sacraments; it belongs only to God, and his [Page 136]Son Christ Jesus. For the Covenant is Gods, and therefore it is his Prerogative to ordain Sacraments, to be Seals of the Covenant. And who but he, can ei­ther give the Grace signified by the outward Signs or Elements, or can punish the unworthy Receivers of them, or such as be unfaithful to their part of the Co­venant made and renewed in them?

Q. How many Sacraments then did Christ ordain?

A. Two only as generally necessary to Salvation.

Q. Why do you hold two Sacraments and no more?

A. Those other five which the Papists ac­count Sacraments (viz. Orders, Confirmation, Extreme Unction, Penance and Matrimony) answer not the Definition of a Sacrament, for they neither were all ordained by Christ, nor have they any visible sign representing some Spiritual Grace, nor any promise to make them Seals of Grace and pardon unto us.

Catechist. It is apparent Christ ordained two Sa­craments, Matth. 28.19. Go, teach and baptize all nations, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; and that his mind was that this should continue always in his Church is manifest from his promise, and Loe I will be with you, (and your Successors so teaching and baptizing) alway to the end of the world. And for the Lords Supper, Christs In­stitution thereof is to be seen in the Holy Gospel, and it is as fully recited by St. Paul, 1 Cor. 11. as by any of them, ver. 23. What I have received of the Lord, that have I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night that he was betrayed, took bread, and brake it, and [Page 137]gave it to them all saying, ver. 25. This do in remembrance of me, in like manner he took the Cup, &c. and that it was his mind that this also should be a standing, perpetual Memorial of himself in his Church, appears ver. 26. As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew forth the Lords death till he come, that is, to Judgement, even till the end of the world. These are plain Texts against the Anabaptists, Catabaptists, and Quakers, who clearly abolish both these Sacraments.

But no apperance of any such Texts is there for the other five added to these two in the Romish Church. I need but give you an abstract of what the Article of our Church saith, that for Penance, as the Papists use it, and Extreme Unction, they are no better than cor­tupt imitations of the Apostles, without any shew of warrant for so-doing. And others of them, as Or­ders, and Matrimony, are states of Life indeed allow­ed in Scripture, but have not the nature of Sacra­ments, to be ordinary means of Salvation. And these altogether, with Confirmation, have no visible signs or Ceremonies ordained of God, as Baptism, and the Lords Supper have. Let the Adversaries shew any of these, if they can, by the Scriptures, but they can do no such thing, which therefore can by no means be counted in the number of the Sacraments, strictly so called, or­dinary means necessary for all to receive for their Sal­vation, but the most that can be said is that some of them may be esteemed Holy Rites and Ceremonies, in their due place. For the two Sacraments then I ask you,

Q. How are these two generally necessary to Salvation?

A. They are necessary to be used, if they can be had, and whosoever slight, or willful­ly neglect them, they highly offend God, and endanger their own Salvation.

Catechist. These two thus instituted by Christ must necessarily be used by all Christians, all that will own their Christianity, and obey Christ, and his Gospel. For Christs Commandment to his Apostles was posi­tive, that as they should, teach or disciple, (as the word signifies) so baptize all Nations they came to; and who can choose but see him urging a necessity of Bap­tism, upon all that would become members of his Church, which he expresseth by entring into his King­dom, in that forequoted Text, Joh. 3.5. Except a man be born again of water, and of the Spirit, He can in no wise enter into the Kingdom of God, (except) mark the word. And for the Lords Supper, it is to any Ap­prehension as strict a Commandment, as any in the Scrip­tures, That his Ministers take the bread, and cup, and give them, and that the people eat and drink thereof in re­membrance of him, and that for this end, the shewing forth the Lords death, and that for so long a continu­ance, till he come. Do this, is the word, and therefore there is nothing more to be inquired, but whether it be done, or not done, to shew our Obedience or Diso­bedience to his plain Commandment; in short, wilful­ly to neglect either of those Sacraments, (whereof too many (God knows) are notoriously-guilty among us,) is to contemn Christs own Ordinance and Appoint­ment, and what man can hope to be saved, but in the way appointed by Christ Jesus himself the Saviour of men? Now let me instruct you more distinctly, first in the nature of a Sacrament in general, and then of the two Sacraments apart,

Q. What meanest thou by the word, Sacra­ment?

A. I mean an outward visible sign of an inward spiritual Grace, given unto us, or­dained by Christ himself; as a means whereby [Page 139]we receive the same, and a pledge to assure us thereof.

Q. How many parts are there in a Sacrament?

A. Two: an Outward visible sign, and an inward spiritual Grace.

Catechist. That you may understand these more clear­ly, I ask you,

Q. What is that you call the outward sign in a Sacrament?

A. That which we see with our Bodily eyes.

Q. What is that you call the inward Spi­ritual Grace?

A. That which the eye of Faith discerns in the visible signs.

Catechist. You see water in Baptism, and Bread and Wine in the Lords Supper with your eyes. They are set before you, and you see them, and so they are Signs both outward and visible in the Holy Sacraments. But what is signified and conferred by these outward visi­ble things to your Souls, this is no object of, nor can be discerned by your bodily eyes, for it is the Soul alone that can discern them there by the eye of Faith, up­on the account of Christs promise to his own. Ordi­nance and Institution: the Grace signified and convey­ed therefore is wholly inward and spiritual. Tell me then,

Q. For what uses are these Outward Signs, or parts in the Sacraments Ordained and Instituted?

A. To be Signs signifying, and means con­veying, and pledges assuring the Graces signi­fied to Beleivers.

Catechist. They are Signs signifying or representing the spiritual Grace, for Example, Water in Baptism [Page 140]signifies and represents The Holy Spirits cleansing the Soul polluted by Original sin, in and through the blood of Christ. And in the Lords Supper, The Bread broken signifies and represents Christs Body bruised, and torn, and crucified; and the Wine poured out signifies and represents his blood shed upon the Cross, for Remis­sion of sins. And thus as the Apostle saith, Gal. 3.2. Christ Crucified is set before our eyes, in visible Types, and Signs, and Representations; and they are also means or Instruments, or as it were Conduit pipes ordained by Christ, to convey the Graces and Benefits signified to the worthy Receivers. Yea and pledges to assure us thereof, Seals of the Covenant of Grace, as our Seals are of Bonds or Evidences, or as Circumcision was to Abraham, Rom. 4.11. He received the Sign of circumcison, a Seal of the Righteousness of Faith. As sure as we re­ceive the One, so sure shall we receive and be made partakers of the other, if the fault be not in ourselves. All those will be much more clear in Questions and Answers upon each Sacrament. First then, of Baptism. And first let me hear you answer out of the Church Catechism:

Q. What is the outward part or sign in Baptism?

A. Water, wherein the person is baptized in the Name of the Father, and Son, and Ho­ly Ghost.

Q. What is the inward and spiritual Grace?

A. A death unto sin, and a new birth unto Righteousness; for being by nature children of wrath, we are hereby made the children of Grace.

Q. What is required of persons to be baptized?

A. Repentance, whereby they forsake sin, and Faith, whereby they stedfastly believe [Page 141]the promises made to them in that Sacrament.

Q. Why then are Infants baptized, when by rea­son of their tender age they cannot perform them?

A. Because they promise them both by their sureties, which promise when they come to age, themselves are bound to perform.

Catechist. Let us look over these again carefully and break them into other plain and short Inquiries.

Q. What thing did Christ ordain to be the out­ward Sign to be used in Baptism?

A. Water only.

Catechist. Observe, Water, and Water only. Our Wild Quakers speak most scornfully and Contemptibly of Water-Baptism. But it is plain, Our Saviour him­self, was Baptized in the River Jordan. And all be­sides him, we read of in the Scriptures, that were ei­ther baptized by John the Baptist, or by Christ's A­postles, were baptized with water and Christs promise; Matth. 28.19, 20. Was to be with his Ministers so baptizing to the worlds end. The Text is well known (once, and again) before quoted, Joh. 3.5. Verily, Verily I say unto thee, Except a man be born again of water, and of the Spirit. (mark, of water as well as of the Spirit,) He cannot enter into the Kingdom of God. And as this is ne­cessary to teach you the necessity of water, to arm you (Children) against the Quakers error, So do I ex­press the answer thus (water only) to exclude the Pa­pists nasty use of Spittle, and all other their Apish Rites and Ceremonies in Administration of this Sacrament, for which they have no shew of warrant in Gods word: if they have it, let them shew it.

Q What then is the right form or manner of Baptizing?

A. Dipping or sprinkling, In the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.


Catechist. There is no question but diving or dip­ping was mostly used in the first times of Christianity. And it is to be confessed, that the persons baptized going down into the water did excellently well sig­nifie his Death unto sin, and his coming or rising out of the water his rising from his death in sin unto new­ness of life. To which Actions St. Paul alludes, Rom. 6.3, 4. Know ye not, that so many as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his Death. Therefore we are buried with him by Baptism into death, that like as Christ was raised up from the dead, by the glory of his Fa­ther, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Col. 2.12. We are buried with him in Baptism, wherein also we are risen again with him, &c.

But yet in these cold climates, sprinkling instead of dipping hath taken place from the beginning of Chri­stianity, and hath always been thought sufficient, and not without all warrant in Scripture; but having the expression, sprinkling of the blood of Christ in S. Pe­ter 1 Ep. 1.2. and the blood of sprinkling, in Heb. 12.24. with the like to Countenance it, however Gods own declaration, Matth. 9.13. That he will have mercy, and not Sacrifice. But as for the form of words in Bapti­zing, they are strictly prescribed in the Institution, Matth. 28.19. In the Name of the Father, and Son, and Holy Ghost. And they signifie that what the Minister doth here, it is in the Name, that is, by Commission and Authority from the whole Trinity, and that God will certainly ratifie what his Minister doth in his Name: and on the other hand, the party baptized ob­liges himself to the Belief and Acknowledgment of the Doctrine of the Trinity, and to serve and obey him. Now this thus explained briefly, I ask you in the next place,

Q. What doth Baptism suppose or imply?

A. That we are guilty of Original sin, [Page 143]and liable to Gods wrath as soon as we are born.

Catechist. Which is what David confesseth of himself, Ps. 51.5. Behold I was shapen in iniquity, and in sin hath my Mother conceived me. Or what the Apostle saith of him­self, and other Saints, Eph. 2.3. We are all children of wrath, as well as others.

Q. What benefit then have we by being baptized?

A. The pardoning that Original sin, the subduing that natural coruption, and resto­ring us to Gods favour; so that thereby we are made children of Grace.

Catechist. Hence S. Paul calls Baptism, Tit. 3.5. The Laver, or washing, of Regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. And our Saviour in the forequoted Text, John 3.5. ascribes to it the new Birth, or being born again, which without more adoe are sufficient proofs of this Answer.

Q. What is required of persons at age to fit them for Baptism?

A. Professing and promising Repentance to forsake sin, Faith in Gods promises, and Obe­dience to Gods Commandments.

Catechist. You all know what S. John Baptists Ser­mon was to them that came to be baptized of him. Math. 3.3. Repent ye, for the Kingdom of heaven is at hand. And it is said upon these terms, chap. 4.4. he baptized them confessing their sins. Accordingly, the Jews, and particularly them who had been guilty of Crucifying Christ being prickt in their hearts by St. Peters piercing Sermon, Act. 3.18. when they came to that kindly pass as to say, what shall we do to be saved? He exhorts them to repent and be baptized, every one of them, in the name of Jesus Christ, for the Remission of sins. And from [Page 144]hence Baptism is called, Luk. 3.3. The Baptism of Re­pentance, and therefore no adult persons can be admit­ted to it, but such as profess and promise Repentance, Faith, and Obedience, (for these two latter are in­cluded in that Repentance which is required in order to Baptism) and they joyntly make up (as I shewed in the Beginning of this exercise of Catechizing) Our part of that Covenant which is sealed in this Sacra­men, betwixt God and us, Mark 16.16. He that be­lieveth, and is baptized, shall be saved. But now I pray.

Q. What is required of young Infants to fit them for Baptism.

A. That they be presented to Baptism by such as profess and promise these things for them, and in their names.

Catechist. Supposing them to come of Christian pa­rents, to whom the promise is made, and to their seed, Rom. 9.8. And otherwise how could the Apostles bap­tize Believers, and their Households, wherein it cannot be conceived, but there were little children, Act. 16.15. And as Baptism succeeds Circumcision, and admits men into the Christian Church, as that did into the Church of the Jews, so no more was requisite to make the Jews Children capable of Circumcision, and therefore no more than this is now necessary to make Chri­stians Children capable of Baptism, they being both a­like Seals of the Covenant.

Q. Will others Professing and Promising these things then, in their names, avail the Infants when they come at age?

A. Yes: if they then willingly take it up­on themselves, and afterwards faithfully per­form it; not else.

Catechist. We see daily that Parents and Tutors con­tracts [Page 145]and bargains do avail their Minors and Pupils in Earthly matters, and why should it not alike in these Spiritual, to bind to their Necessary duties to God? and how God will accept of such Engagements, made in Childrens names, may be evident by these passages, Deut. 29.11, 12. Moses engaged the little ones, as well as their Fathers, to keep the words of the Co­venant, and called them altogether to enter into Covenant with the Lord and into his Oath. Jonah 3.5. The Nine­vites believed God, and the word of his Prophet, and fasted, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them, e­ven to the least of them. The good effect whereof was chap. 4.11. God spared that great city, in which was Six­score thousand persons that could not discern betwixt their right hand and their left. Only then Parents and Sureties must see that such Children be well instructed, when they come to years, what Covenant was thus made in their names, and that it will nothing avail them to Salvation, but rather aggravate their Condem­nation, if they disclaim it, or do not perform it; no more than any Earthly bargain can benefit them which they refuse to stand to.

Q. What then doth your being Baptized oblige you to do?

A. Not to live in any known sin, but to die unto sin, and to lead lives of Righte­ousness.

Catechist. To remember and consider our Baptism should have influence upon our whole lives. We should always bear in mind what was engaged for us in our names, and therewith arm ourselves against all tempta­tions to sin, that we Covenanted against it in our Bap­tism, and made a fast and Solemn Vow to cease to do evil, and learn to do good, and to live in Holiness and Righteousness all the days of our lives.

Q. What think ye then of such men, as ha­ving been Christned or Baptized live in Impe­nitency or Ʋnbelief?

A. They forfeit all the benefits of their Baptism, and Gods Covenant of Grace and Forgiveness, nay, it shall aggravate their Con­demnation.

Catechist. This is One great Aggravation of the sins of all impenitent sinners, even Perjury, or a breach of their Baptismal Vow and Covenant. Hear what Solo­mon saith, Eccl. 5.4. When thou vowest a vow, defer not to pay it, for God hath no pleasure in fools, pay that which thou hast vowed. Better it is thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldst vow and not pay. This holds good in any sort of Religious lawful vow; much more in this. It had been much better for us that we had never been Baptized, than if having been so, we break our Bap­tismal Vow and Covenant, by a wicked and sinful course of life. With which sad Reflection I conclude what I shall teach you of the first Sacrament, That of Baptism. I ask you then in the next place.

Q. What is the other Seal of the Covenant of Grace besides Baptism?

A. The Lords Supper: wherein we renew our Covenant with God, which we made in Baptism, and are nourished in, as we are by Baptism admitted into the Church.

Catechist. Christ himself calls this Sacrament, Matth. 26.28. The blood of the new Testament. And S. Paul, Heb. 10.29. calls it, The blood of the Covenant. For he there speaks of their great guilt, who count the blood of the Covenant an Ʋnholy thing. In short, as it was the Blood of Christ shed upon the Cross, that ratified the Covenant of Redemption, and forgiveness to mankind; [Page 147]so in this Sacrament representing and exhibiting that blood of Christ for remission of sins, to all worthy Receivers, we have God sealing His part of his Co­venant, and assuring us thereof, and we for our parts, do renew Our Vow to God, Consecrating and devo­ting ourselves again here to his Service and Obedience. Let us hear then what your Catechism teacheth you of this Blessed Sacrament.

Q. For what end was the Sacrament of the Lords Supper ordained?

A. For the continual remembrance of the Sacrifice of the death of Christ, and the be­nesits, which we receive thereby.

Catechist. We are not to drop one word in this an­swer, and to the end therefore you may take due no­tice of every one, I pray you answer me these Inquiries.

Q. What is the great and chief end of the Lords Supper?

A. To keep Christs death in continual me­mory, and the benefits thereby purchased for us.

Catechist. It is a plain Text for this, 1 Cor. 11.25, 26. At the Institution of this Sacrament Our Saviour bad his Disciples, Do this (that is, all that I have done in your sight) in remembrance of me. For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew forth the Lords death till he come. The Bread broken and the Wine poured out do apparently and evidently shew forth in sensible signs, the death of Christ, how his bo­dy was broken, rent, and torn by the thorns, and scourges, and nails, and spear, and how his blood was shed in streams from his wounded head, and hands, and feet, and side, on the Cross, Gal. 3.1. They evidently set forth Christ crucified before our eyes, amongst us.

Q. For what end did Christ die?

A. To be a Sacrifice of propitiation for our sins to his Father.

Catechist. Mark well those words (the Sacrifice of the death of Christ.) 2 Cor. 3.21. He was made sin for us, who knew no sin, that is, He was made a Sacrifice for them, Isaiah 53.10. He made his Soul, (that is his life) an offering for sin. Eph. 5.2. He gave himself a Sa­crifice unto God for a sweet smelling Savour, &c. 1 Joh. 2.1. If any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father, Je­sus Christ the Righteous, and he is the propitiation (or a propitiatory Sacrifice) for our sins, and not for our sins only, but also for the sins of the whole world. By all which Texts it is manifest, such is the nature of Christs death, It was in a full sence a Sacrifice, a Sacrifice of pro­pitiation or Atonement. For Col. 1.20. He made peace through the blood of the Cross. So that, Rom. 5.1. Be­ing justified by Faith, we have peace with God through Je­sus Christ our Lord.

Q. Is Christ then offered up as a Sacrifice in the Lords Supper?

A. No: But therein is a lively Represen­tation or Commemoration of that Sacrifice, which Christ once for all offered for all up­on the Cross.

Catechist. I would desire you to mind this well, to arm you against the Papists abominable Mass, for therein they will have Christ to be daily offered up as a Sacrifice for the quick and the dead. And of this they boast that it is done daily in their Church, as if Christs offering up himself once for all upon the Cross was not sufficient to satisfie Gods justice for our sins. But in opposition to this great Abomination of the Romish Church, agreeable to the language of Ho­ly Scripture and of the primitive Fathers, we hold the [Page 149]Lords Supper to be only a Commemoration of that one Sacrifice once offered upon the Cross, and for proof hereof we appeal to the Apostle, Heb. 9.25, 26. He was not (our Apostle saith) to offer himself often, as the High priest entred into the most Holy place every year with the blood of others: For then must he have often suf­fered since the Foundation of the world: But now once in the end of the world, hath he appeared to put away sin by the Sacrifice of himself. And again, ver. 28. He saith, Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many, and again chap. 10.14. By one offering hath he for ever perfected them that are Sanctified.

Q. How often is the Lords Supper to be Ad­ministred and received?

A. So often that we may have Christs death in continual remembrance.

Catechist. The Apostle saith, 1 Cor. 11.28. As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, &c. plainly intima­ting that the Christians of Corinth did it often. And doubtless so often ought all Christians to do it, that Christs death may be had in continual remembrance. Mark the words in your Answer, (for the continual re­membrance of the Sacrifice of the death of Christ.) It is hard to conceive that they can have Christs death in continual remembrance, who seldom Communicate, per­haps never all the year long, but at Easter. And quite contrary did the first Christians, whose pattern we ought to follow as near as we can, they certainly communicated every day, or at least every first day of the week, every Lords day. It was one part of their constant, publick, and Solemn Service, Act, 2.41. They continued stedfastly in the Apostles Doctrine, and fellowship, and in breaking of bread and in prayers. And it is said, ver. 46. They continued daily with one accord in the Temple, (that is, joyning with Gods people the Jews in pray­ers there, and in their Temple Service) and breaking [Page 150]bread from house to house, (that is, in the Upper room, where they as Christian Professors, met together and joyned together in other worship proper to them as Christians,) particularly Communicating together in this Sacrament of breaking of bread, as it is often cal­led in the Acts, whence that in ch. 20.7. Ʋpon the first day of the week the Disciples came together to break bread, (that is, the Sacramental Bread,) which by the figure, Synecdoche, means the whole Sacrament. So now let us consider the parts thereof.

Q. What is the Outward part or sign in the Lords Supper?

A. Bread and Wine which the Lord hath commanded to be received.

Q. What is the inward part or thing signified?

A. The Body and Blood of Christ, which are verily and indeed taken and received by the faithful in the Lords Supper.

Catechist. Let us again reduce these Answers into more particular ones, for your fuller knowledge of the In­structions contained in them.

Q. What is it that you see with your bodily Eyes in the Lords Supper?

A. Bread and Wine.

Catechist. Mark it well, we Protestants do in oppo­sition to the Papists gross Errour of Transubstantiation, or the Bread and Wines being turned into the Sub­stance of Christs Body and blood, hold that they re­main Bread and Wine still, as well after their Con­secration as they were before, that there is no Sub­stantial change of them, but only a Sacramental one, as to their Use. And enough it is to tell you here for proof hereof, that in all the Scriptures I have ci­ted, you may observe they are constantly called so, by [Page 151]the names of bread and wine, and we know by our sences they are so.

Q. Will it avail men to look or gaze on these Elements?

A. No, unless they withall receive them, that is, eat and drink them.

Catechist. I have received of the Lord, saith S. Paul, 1 Cor. 11.23. that which I have delivered unto you, how that the Lord Jesus, the same night that he was betrayed, (and so was shortly to dye for us) took bread, and when he had given thanks he brake it, and he said, Take eat, &c, After the same manner, ver. 25. He took the cup and said, drink ye all of this. Matth. 26.27. This do ye as often as ye drink it in remembrance of me. 1 Cor. 11.25, For as often as ye eat this bread and drink this cup, &c. So to eat and drink are absolutely required by Christs Institution. So that you must learn to an­swer the next question in opposition to the custom of the Romish Church, wherein many are present, when the Lords Supper is Administred, who do not receive it, and in their Mass the Priest alone Communicates, the people are spectators only, gazing upon the Host.

Q. Who Commanded these then to be received?

A. Our Lord Jesus, and that the same night wherein he was betrayed.

Catechist. You have heard his express Command­ment, Take, eat, and drink, Do this. So that it can be no Sacrament which is of Christs Institution, or ac­cording to his Commandment, where these are not done. But being rightly Administred, as Christ Insti­tuted and Commanded it to be done, it should make us in love with this Sacrament that he Instituted and ordained the celebration thereof, just the same night wherein he was betrayed, that is, a little before his death, when he was shortly to give his life a ransome [Page 152]for us, so that he left it as a token of his dying love, and what man will not highly value his friends gift and token when he dyed, much more if he laid down his life for his sake?

Q. What think ye then of those that will not receive the Sacrament?

A. They reject Christs own Command­ment, and so in effect disown their being his Disciples, or him being their Lord.

Catechist. Which are so plain by what I have said already, that I need say no more, but only mind you of what Christ himself said, Joh. 14.15. If ye love me, keep my Commandments. Now here you have heard Christs positive Commandment, and therefore by his own Rule they shew they love him not, that ob­serve it not, Matth. 7.21. It is in vain to say, Lord, Lord, or to pretend any love to Christ, or yourselves to be Christians, if ye reject his Ordinance, and utterly neg­lect what he himself Commanded.

Q. What do the Bread and Wine, which you see with your bodily eyes signifie and represent to the eye of Faith?

A. The Body and Blood of Christ.

Catechist. They are called Christs very Body and Blood, Mat. 26.26. This is my Body, and This is my Blood, that is Sacramentally so, as the Rock was Christ, 1 Cor. 10.4. because the Bread and Wine signifie, and repre­sent, and convey his very body and blood to the worthy Receiver; and observe, every Ministerial Action hath its proper signification.

Q. What doth the Consecrating or setting apart the Bread and Wine signifie?

A. Christs Separation or Consecration for the Work of our Redemption.

Catechist. That is, When God laid help upon him that is mighty, and exalted him, as One chosen out of the people, Psal. 89.19. And when Christ voluntarily undertook this great work to redeem us, saying, Psal. 40.7. Loe I come to do thy will, O God.

Q. What do the breaking of bread and pour­ing out the Wine signifie?

A. Breaking the Bread, represents the tearing Christs body on the Cross, and pouring out the Wine, shews the shedding of his Blood.

Catechist. For thus (as I have often said) we do in these signs and in using these significant Rites, Ce­remonies and Actions, shew forth the Lords death till he come, 1 Cor. 11.26.

Q. What doth our eating and drinking them sig­nifie?

A. Our receiving Christ, and Union with him.

Catechist. Even as our bodily food being taken into our mouth, and chewed with our teeth, and digested in our stomach, becomes incorporated into our bodi­ly Substance, flesh and blood, so are we as Members of Christ United to him by eating him Spititually as the bread of Life, Joh. 6.35. Christs flesh is meat indeed, and his blood is drink indeed. Whoso eateth my flesh (said he himself,) and drinketh my blood, hath Eternal Life, and I will raise him up at the last day. ver. 55. And again he saith, ver 54, 56. He that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me and I in him. And ver. 57. He that eateth me, shall live by me. And ver. 58. that for ever. Upon such good ground and warrant is it so expressed in the Communion Office, that here­by he becomes One with Us and We One with Him, and we shall evermore dwell in him, and he in us. But,

Q. May not one of these Elements be sufficient for these great ends?

A. No: Both are expressly required by the Command and practice of Christ, and his Apostles, and therefore it is presumption and Sacriledge in the Popish Priests to take the Cup from the Laity.

Catechist. It is necessary to teach you this, to arm you against Popery. The words of the Institution are express, Mat. 26.27. Drink ye all of this. And S. Mark saith, chap. 14.23. They all drank of it. Here is both precept and practice against the Church of Romes pre­sumptuous and Sacrilegious robbing the Laity of the Cup. And I may argue with the Apostle, Gal. 3.15. Brethren, I speak after the manner of men, though it be but a mans Testament, no man disannulleth, or diminisheth, or addeth thereto, after it be confirmed by his Death. And how then dare any mutilate this Sacrament, which is the new Testament in Christs blood? Now both fully to arm you against the other great Popish Error, that of Transubstantiation, and also clearly to explain the truth to you, I think it needful to offer you these fol­lowing Questions.

Q. Is the Substance of Bread and Wine chang­ed by Consecration into the Substance of Christs Body and Blood?

A. No: for we evidently see the Substance of Bread and Wine to remain after Consecration.

Catechist. I told you this before, and I must tell you it again, that you may take due notice of it. They are called Bread and Wine after, as well as before Consecration in the Scriptures. And our senses tell us plainly, and assure us they are still bread and wine, that is, We see, and feel, and smell, and tast them to be no other but bread and wine, and therefore to say they are changed Substantially, that is, into the Sub­stance of Christs body and blood, is as well to bely [Page 155]our sences as the Scriptures. Know this therefore, what change there is made of or in the Elements by Conse­cration, it is wholly Sacramental, not in Substance but in their Use.

Q. But do not we then feed on Christs body and blood in the Lords Supper?

A. Yes, as truly and really as we do on the Bread and Wine.

Catechist. So your Catechism teacheth you, (they are verily, and indeed taken and received by the faithful in the Lords Supper,) and therefore though we Protestants deny the corporeal, we yet do not the Real presence of Christs Body and Blood: Real it is, though spiritual, and not at all the less real, for its being wholly spiritual. And for proof hereof I need but mind you of the Apostles negative questions, which hath the force of the strong­est Affirmation, 1 Cor. 10.16. The Cup of Blessing which we bless, is it not the Communion of the blood of Christ? and the bread which we break, is it not the Communion of the Body of Christ. Is it not? that is, it certainly is so. We do here as certainly Communicate of Christs body and blood, as we do of the bread and wine, if we be worthy Receivers. I say, if we be worthy Re­ceivers, for mark the words of your Church Catechism, and out of it answer me the next question.

Q. Do all that receive the bread and wine, feed on Christs body and blood.

A. No: but the faithful only.

Catechist. Your Catechism so expresseth it, (they are verily, and indeed taken and received by the faithful.) If Unbelievers and wicked men do with Judas receive the Signs, yet do they receive them only; not the things signified by them, either Christs body or blood, or their saving benefits, that is, the Remission of their sins, increase of Grace, or assurance of their [Page 156]Eternal Salvation. Matth. 16.25. It is not meet to take the childrens bread, and cast it to the dogs. Such pearls belong not to Swine, nay alas, coming unpreparedly, and eating and drinking unworthily, the Apostle tells them what it is that they verily and indeed receive, 1 Cor. 11.29. They eat and drink damnation to themselves, not dis­cerning the Lords body. Therefore saith Holy Church in her warning to the Communicants excellently, If any of you be a blasphemer of God, an hinderer or slanderer of his word, an Adulterer, or be in envy or malice, or any other grievous crime, Repent ye of your sins, or else come not to the Holy Table, lest after the taking this Holy Sacra­ment, The Devil enter into you, as be entred into Judas, and fill you full of all Iniquity, and bring you to destruction both of body and of Soul. It is then the Faithful only that receive real benefit of this Sacrament, and really feed on Christs body and blood. Now I ask you,

Q. Do the faithful feed on Christs body and blood carnally?

A. No: it is after a spiritual manner only.

Catechist. I told you this before, and now call upon you to speak it yourselves, that it may take deeper impression on you. And I prove it by one Text, Joh. 6.63. when the Disciples were offended at our Sa­viours telling them of eating his flesh and drinking his blood, He thus explained himself, The flesh profiteth no­thing, it is the spirit that quickneth. The words that I speak unto you, they are Spirit, and they are life, that is, they have a spiritual, and not a litteral or carnal sence and meaning. And when I have asked you one question more, I must needs think you have attained a compe­tent understanding of the doctrine of this Sacrament as it is thus far taught you in your Catechism.

Q. Since we see nothing but bread and wine, and since our hands, handle and feel, and our [Page 157]Tast perceives nothing but bread and wine, how can we be sure that we do verily and indeed feed on Christs Body and Blood?

A. By Faith in the promise of Christ, for he called the Bread his body, and the Wine his Blood, and therefore will undoubtedly with the Signs give the things signified.

Catechist. And this I conceive is the great thing as­sured us by Christs saying, Matth. 26.26, 28. This is my Body, and This is my Blood, the Blood of the New Te­stament, not that the Bread and Wine are at all Tran­substantiated into Christs Body and Blood, or that the Body and Blood are corporally or carnally in or under the Bread and Wine, which is the Lutherans Consub­stantiation, but we are here assured by our Saviour, that with the one, God will certainly give the other to all worthy Receivers. Christs word will be made good to us, if the fault be not in ourselves. It is Faith in his word and promise, (who if he speak the word, can create a new world) that assures us thereof. Of receiving and feeding upon Christs Body and Blood and all the benefits of the Blessed Sacrament.

Q. What then are the benefits you receive thereby?

A. The strengthening and refreshing of our Souls by the Body and Blood of Christ, as our Bodies are by the Bread and Wine.

Catechist. Consider well this answer, and then tell me,

Q. Do we feed our bodies in the Lords Supper?

A. No, it is a spiritual feast for our Souls only.

Catechist. This is no trifling question, but needful, as experience shews. It is our Souls we come to feed here with their spiritual food, not our Bodies with the sen­sual provisions, as the Prophet Isaiah saith, 25.6. The Word and Sacraments are feasts of fat things, for our souls [Page 158]provided for us in Gods Holy mountain, in the Churches or Congregations of his people. In this mountain shall the Lord of Hosts, make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wine on the lees, fat things full of marrow, of wine on the lees well refined.

Q. How are our Souls fed in the Lords Supper?

A. They are strengthened, refreshed, or comforted with Christs Body and Blood, as truly and really, as our Bodies are strengthened and refreshed by Bread and Wine.

Q. How are our souls so truly and really strengthned in the Lords Supper?

A. As it assures us of Gods love in Christ, the pardon of our sins through the Merits of Christs Death, the Grace and Comforts of his Holy Spirit, Peace and Union with God, and a title to his Eternal Glory.

Catechist. Bread and Wine (you know) are two chief creatures of God provided for our bodily suste­nance; Bread to be the staff of Life, to strengthen the body, Psal. 104.15. And Wine to make glad the heart of man, to cheer him up, as it is expressed, Judg. 9.19. whence that of Solomons Mother, Prov. 31.6. Give strong drink unto him that is weary, and wine unto those that are heavy of heart. Now those great benefits we have in the Lords Supper in our Souls in the inner man, if we be wor­thy Receivers. For from Christs Body and Blood there­in given unto us, we have strength that fortifies our Souls against all our spiritual enemies. How is that? Thus: Meditating on Christs dying for us, we must think it monstrously Ungrateful, and very abominable, if we yeild ourselves slaves to those sins, which cruci­fied our Dear Saviour. Besides we have Gods Holy Spirit hereby as by a Conduit pipe conveyed to our Souls, and the graces thereof quickned and increased [Page 159]in us, so that we shall be able to do all things, all our Duties, through Christ strengthning us, Phil. 4.13. And then, for Refreshment, being weary and heavy laden with, and deeply sorrowful for our sins (as we ought always to be, when we come to the Lords Supper) Being oppressed under their burdens, as too heavy for us to bear, Psal. 38.4. and the deep sence of Gods wrath and displeasure for them, we are in this Blessed Sacra­ment refreshed with Gods sealing his Covenant and assuring us of their pardon, and Remission according to those sweet words of our Saviour, Matth. 11.28. Come unto me all ye that are weary and heavy laden, and I will refresh you. For certainly it is here, if any where, that we may justly hope to find this Refreshment, This cup (as our Saviour saith, Matth. 26.28.) being the blood of the New Testament (or of the new Covenant) which was shed for many for the Remission of sins. And besides, In this Sacrament all the promises, all the benefits of the new Covenant are ratified and confirmed to us in Christs Blood here represented, all the Benefits (I say) of the Covenant of Grace, Justification and Sanctification, Grace, and pardon, and peace, Union with God and Christ, or with God by Christ, Mercy and Salvation, These, with whatever benefits Christ hath purchased for us by his Death and Passion, are here conveyed and made over to all worthy Receivers, and therefore well may we say that to partake hereof is for the strength­ning and refreshing of our Souls, by the Body and Blood of Christ, as our bodies are strengthned and refreshed by the Bread and Wine. To the last Question then in your Catechism, there is nothing more requisite to assure us of all these great benefits, but only our being rightly qualified for it. I therefore ask you first in the words of your Catechism, and then desire a more particular account from you of the several lessons taught you in it.

Q. What is required of them that come to the Lords Supper?

A. To examine themselves, whether they truly repent them of their sins, stedfastly pur­posing to lead a new life, to have a lively Faith in Gods mercy through Christ, with a thankful remembrance of Christs death, and to be in charity with all men.

Q. Shall all receive those great benefits that come to the Lords Supper?

A. Only those that are duly prepared and receive it worthily.

Catechist. This is but a further explanation of what you learnt before, that it is the faithful only that do ve­rily and indeed receive Christs body and blood. Now here you learn, that no promise of Grace or Mercy, Remission or Salvation is here made sure to any o­ther, but prepared and worthy Receivers. Nay to all others (as I have said) to all that are impenitent, in their sins, there is threatned, not only temporal judg­ments, but also Eternal damnation: for, for this cause saith the Apostle, 1 Cor. 11.30. Many are weak and sick­ly among you, and many sleep, that is, are stricken with death; for this cause, that is, for eating and drinking unworthily, nay ver. 29. He that eats and drinks unworthi­ly, eats and drinks damnation to himself, not discerning the Lords body.

Q. How then must you prepare yourselves for the Lords Supper?

A. By self examination before we come.

Catechist. St. Paul's Text is very plain, 1 Cor. 11.28. where he prescribes this remedy to prevent Gods tem­poral judgments, and Eternal damnation, by eating and drinking unworthily, Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. Let him prove (that is) and try himself in what estate he [Page 161] [...]s towards God, as a man tries gold by the touch­stone.

Q. What things must we especially examine ourselves of?

A. Of the truth and sincerity of our Re­pentance, new Obedience, Faith, Thankful­ness and Charity.

Q. May any notorious Customary sinners come to the Lords Supper?

A. No: not without Unfeigned Repentance, answerable to their sins.

Catechist. All are invited to come, but withall, all are directed also to prepare themselves before they come. The most wicked wretch is bidden, but it is with this caution, that he puts on his wedding garment, Matth. 22.12. that is, of true repentance, and all other Graces befitting this Holy Solemnity. And he that hath not on him this Wedding garment required by God in Ho­ly Scripture, can expect no better entertainment than the Kings challenge of him in the Parable there of the Marriage of his son, Friend how camest thou in hither not having a Wedding garment? and you should remem­ber, that he being speechless, that is, inexcusable, The King commanded his servants saying, Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into outer darkness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Q. Will that then excuse mens coming to the Lords Supper, that they are not prepared, or have not repented?

A. No: it rather aggravates, than excuses their sin of not comming, while they never endeavour to fit and prepare themselves.

Catechist. Mind, Their not Preparing is a sin, and their not Coming is a sin, and one sin cannot excuse [Page 162]another, but aggravates it when it is willful; and here it must needs be so, because the reason of mens not pre­paring themselves for the Lords Supper is most common­ly because they have a desire to live on in their sins, and therefore they have no mind to come to the Lords Supper, because it will bind them to leave their sins, and put them upon holy purposes and resolutions of new life, which they do not think to do. Now I pray you read and consider the Ministers Exhortation to the Communion in the Office for it; and at present I shall only put you in remembrance of that terrible doom that was passed upon them who excused themselves, and refused to come to the Kings feast, when they were invited to it, Luk. 14.24. The Lord said, I say unto you, none of those which are bidden shall tast of my Supper.

Q. What then is the unquestioned Duty of all Christians?

A. To set upon the Preparing for the Lords Supper, whenever they are invited to it; to Receive it reverently and devoutly, and to be afterwards careful of performing their holy Vows, and good resolutions made therein.

Catechist. This evidently follows from all that hath been said, and it shews you the duties you are to per­form before, and at, and after your Receiving this Sa­crament. And now all the Questions and Answers that follow here are for this end, to explain those great duties of Repentance, New Obedience, Faith, Thank­fulness, and Charity, to the meanest capacity; which since all men know them to be generally required in all good books that treat of this Sacrament, and who can say but they are injoyned us in Gods Word in our whole Conversations? How much more requisite then are they in us, when we are to make our most so­lemn addresses to Gods Altar? I shall only therefore [Page 163]desire my Youth to give some fair account of these du­ties, and spare my further pains, and time in quoting particular Texts of Scripture for them, referring all, both elder and younger to their good books for a more particular instruction concerning them, especially that incomparable Book, The Whole Duty of man.

Q. What is that Repentance, and New O­bedience whereof all must examine themselves in Preparing themselves for the Lords Supper?

A. A man must compare his heart and life with every Commandment, and bewail and confess unto God all the sins he finds himself guilty of, and stedfastly resolve to for­sake them, and ever after to endeavour a new, that is, an holy life,

Q. What is that lively Faith required in Gods mercy through Christ?

A. Knowing his own Misery by sin, a man must both understand and believe the suffi­ciency of Christs Death, to Satisfie Gods ju­stice for sin, and Gods willingness to par­don sin for Christs sake, upon Covenant terms to all Believers.

Q. What is the Thankfulness required?

A. A serious considering of Christs won­derful Love in dying to purchase such great benefits, and an affectionate Commemora­ting this with the most hearty Thanks­givings.

Q. What, is that Charity whereof a man must examine himself.

A. Being sorry for all injuries done to o­thers, and ready to make satisfaction to his power, a man must be ready to be recon­ciled to those that have injured him, and heartily forgive them, and chearfully give them that are in need, as he is able.

Q. What think ye then of the ignorant, that do not at all nnderstand the meaning of this Sacrament, and of all Ʋnbelievers, or the Ʋn­thankful, or malicious persons, or them that are out of Charity?

A. I think they will have no comfort of this Holy Feast of Charity; and being unfit for it, can have no hope to receive the Par­don or Grace promised in the Covenant, and Sealed in this Sacrament.


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