PUBLISHED By the present PROPRIETORS thereof, VIZ,

  • William Penn,
  • Robert West,
  • Thomas Rudyard,
  • Samuel Groome,
  • Thomas Hart,
  • Richard Mew,
  • Thomas Wilcox,
  • Ambrose Rigg,
  • John Heywood,
  • Hugh Hartshorne,
  • Clement Plumsted,
  • Thomas Cooper,

Who intend to take in Twelve more to make the number of Proprietors Twenty four.

For Information of all such Persons who are or may be inclined to Setle themselves, Fa­milies, and Servants in that Country.

LONDON, Printed for Benjamin Clark in George-Yard in Lombard­street, Bookseller, M DCLXXXII.


TO say any thing in the Praise, or much in the Description of a Country so well known, would seem needless. The late Accounts and Descriptions of the adjacent Countries West-Jersey and Pennsilvania, which are much of the same nature, &c. might suffice. But considering that in Foreign Colonies, yea, here in England, every particular County has some Excellency in Soyle, Product or Scituation, that may Affect and De­light many Persons beyond the places adjacent, We may for the Satisfaction of such, give some brief Account thereof.

[Page 2] I. This Province or Colony lies between 39 and 41 Degrees of Latitude, being about 12 Degrees more to the South than the City of London: And is bounded South-East by the main Sea; East, by that vast-Navigable Stream called Hudsons-River, which divides this from the Province of New-York; West, by a Line of Division, which separates this Province from West-Jersey; and N [...]h, upon the main Land; and extends it self in length on the Sea Coast, and along Hudsons River one hundred English Miles and upwards.

II. The conveniency of Scituation, temperature of Air, and fertility of Soy [...] is such, That there's no less than seven considerable Towns, viz. Shrewsbury, Middletown, Burgin, Newark, Elizabeth Town, Woodbridge, and Piscataway: which are well inhabited by a Sober and Industrious People, who have necessary Provisions for themselves and Families; and for the comfortable entertainment of Strangers and Travellers. And this Colony is experimentally found Generally to agree well with English Constitutions.

III. For Navigation it hath these Advantages, not only to be Sci­tuate along the Navigable part of Hudsons River, but lies also Fifty Miles on the Main Sea. And near the midst of this Pro­vince is that Noted Bay for Ships, within Sandy Hook, very well known not to be inferiour to any Harbour in America, where Ships not only Harbour in greatest Storms, but there Ride safe with all Winds, and Sail in and out thence, as well in Winter as Summer.

IV. For Fishery the Sea Banks there are very well stor'd with variety of Fish, not only such as are profitable for Transportation, but such also as are fit for Food there: As Whales, Cod-fish, Cole and Hake-fish, large Mackerill, and also many other sorts of Flat and small Fish. The Bay also and Hudsons-River, are plentifully stored with Sturgeon, Great Basse, and other Scale Fish; Eels, and Shell Fish, as Oysters, &c. in great plenty, and easie to take.

V. This Country is also plentifully supplied with lovely Springs, Rivolets, In-land Rivers, and Creeks which fall into the Sea; and Hudsons-River, in which is also much plenty and variety of Fresh Fish, and Water Fowl.

VI. There is great plenty of Oak-Timber, fit for Shipping, and Masts for Ships, and other variety of Wood, like the adja­cent Colonies, as Chesnut, Walnut, Popler, Cedar, Ash, Firr, &c. fit for building within the Country.

[Page 3] VII. The Land or Soyle (as in other places) varies in good­ness and Richness, but generally fertile, and with much smaller Labour than in England. Produceth plentiful Crops of all sorts of English Grain. Besides, Indian Corn, which the English Plan­ters find not only to be of vast increase, but very wholesome and good in in its use. It also produceth good Flax and Hemp, which they now Spin and Manufacture into Linnen Cloth. There's sufficient Meadow and Marsh to their Up-lands. And the very Barrens there (as they are call'd) are not like some in England, but produce Grass fit for Grazing Cattle in Summer Season.

VIII. The Country is well stored with wilde Deer, Conies, and Wilde Fowl of several sorts, as Turkeys, Pidgeons, Partridges, Plo­ver, Quailes, wilde Swans, Geese, Ducks, &c. in great plenty. It produceth variety of good and delicious Fruits, as Grapes, Plumbs, Mulberryes, and also Apricocks, Peaches, Pears, Apples, Quinces, Water Mellons, &c. which are here in England, planted in Or­chards and Gardens: These, as also many other Fruits which come not to perfection in England, are the more natural product of this Country.

IX. There is also already great store of Horses, Cowes, Hoggs and some Sheep, which may be bought at reasonable Prises, with English Moneys, or English Commodities, or mans Labour, where Mo­neys and Goods are wanting.

X. What sort of Mines or Minerals are in the Bowels of the Earth, After-time must produce, the Inhabitants not having yet employed themselves in search thereof. But there is already a Smelting-furnace and Forge set up in this Colony, where is made good Iron, which is of great benefit to the Country.

XI. It is exceedingly well furnished with safe and convenient Harbours for Shipping, which is of great advantage to that Coun­try, and affords already for Exportation great plenty of Horses; And also Beef, Pork, Pipestaves, Boards, Bread, Flower, Wheat, Barly, Rye, Indian Corn, Butter and Cheese, which they Export for Barbados, Jamaica, Nevis, and other adjacent Islands, as also to Portugal, Spain, the Canaries, &c. their Whale Oyle and Whale-Finns, Bever, Mink, Raccoon and Martin Skins, (which this Country produceth) they Transport for England.

XII. The Scituation and Soyle of this Country may invite many who are inclin'd to Transport themselves into those parts of America. For,

[Page 4] 1. It being considerably Peopled and Scituate on the Sea Coast, with convenient Harbours, and so near adjacent to the Province of New-York, and Long Island, being also well Peopled Colonies, may be proper for Merchants Tradsemen, and Navigators.

2. It's likewise proper for such who are inclined to Fishery, the whole Coast and very Harbours Mouths being fit for it, which has been no small Rise to the New-England people, and may be here carryed on also with great advantage.

3. For its Soyle it's proper for all Industrious Husband-men, and such who by hard Labour here on Rack Rents, are scarce able to maintain themselves; much less to raise any Estate for their Children, may, with God's blessing on their Labours, there live comfortably, and provide well for their Families.

4. For Carpenters, Bricklayers, Masons, Smiths, Mill-wrights and Wheel-wrights, Bakers, Tanners, Taylors, Weavers, Shoo­makers, Hatters, and all or most Handicrafts, where their La­bour is much more valued than in these Parts, and Provisions much Cheaper.

5. And chiefly for such of the above mentioned, or any other w [...]o upon solid Grounds, and weighty Considerations are inclined in their minds to go into those Parts; without which, their going there, cannot be comfortable, or answer their expectation.

XIII. The Indian Natives in this Country are but few, com­parative to the Neighbouring Colonies; and those that are there, are so far from being formidable or injurious to the Planters and In­habitants, that they are really serviceable and advantagious to English, not only in Hunting and taking the Deer, and other wilde Creatures; and catching of Fish and Fowl fit for food in their Seasons, but, in the killing and destroying of Bears, Woolves, Foxes, and other Vermine and Peltry, whose Skins and Furrs they bring the English, and sell at less price than the value of time an English­man must spend to take them.

XIV. As for the Constitutions of the Country, they were made Anno Dom. 166 and in the Time of John Lord Barclay, and Sir George Carteret, the late Proprietors thereof; in which, such provision was made for Liberty in matters of Religion and Proper­ [...]y in their Estates, that under the Terms thereof, that Colony has been considerably Peopled, and that much from the adjacent Coun­tries, where they have not only for many years enjoyed their Estates, according to the Concessions, but also an uninterrupted Exer­cise [Page 5] of their Particular perswasions in matters of Religion. And we the present Proprietors do determine, so soon as, any persons here in England, or elsewhere are willing to be Engaged with us, we shall be ready and desirous to make such farther [...]litions and Supplements to the said Constitutions, as shall be thought fit for the encouragement of all Planters and Adventurers; And for the far­ther setling the said Colony with a sober and Industrious People.

XV. Having with all possible brevity given an Account of the Country, we shall say something as to the disposition of Lands there.

1. Our Purpose is, if the Lord Permit, with all convenient ex­pedition, to erect and build one Principal Town; which by reason of Scituation, must in all probability▪ be the most considerable for Mer­chandize, Trade and Fishery in those Parts. It's designed to be placed upon a Neck or Point of Rich-land called Ambo-point, lying on Rariton-River, and pointing to Sandy-Hook-Bay, and near adja­cent to the place where Ships in that Great Harbour commonly Ride at Anchor; A Scheme of which isalready drawn, and those who shall desire to be satisfied therewith may treat for a share thereof.

2. As for Encouragement of Servants, &c. we allow the same Priviledges as was provided in the Concessions at first.

3. Such who are desirous to Purchase any Lands in this Pro­vince, Free from all Charge, and to pay down their Purchase Moneys here, for any quantities of Acres; Or that desire to take up Lands there, upon any small Quit Rents to be Reserved, shall have grants to them and their Heirs, on moderate and reasonable Terms.

4. Those who are desirous to Transport themselves into those Parts, before they Purchase, if any thing there present to their satisfaction, we doubt not but the Terms of Purchase will be so Moderate, Equal and Encouraging, that may Engage them to setle in that Colony.

Our Purpose being withal possible Expedition to dispatch Per­sons thither, with whom they may Treat; and who shall have our full Power in the Premisses.

As for Passage to this Province, Ships are going hence the whole Year about, as well in Winter as Summer, Sandy-hook-Bay being never frozen. The usual price is 5 l. per Head, as well Master as Servant, who are above 10 years of Age; all under 10 years, and not Children at the Breast pay 50 s. Suching Children pay nothing. [Page 6] Carriage of Goods is usually 40 s. per Ton, and sometimes less, as we can Agree. The cheapest and chiefest time of the year for Pas­sage is from Midsummer till the latter end of September, when ma [...]y Uirg [...]nia and Mary-land Ships are going out of England into those Parts; and such who take then their Uoyage, Arrive usually in good time to Plant Corn sufficient for next Summer.

The Goods to be carried there, are first for peoples own use, all sorts of Apparel and Houshold-Stuff, and also Utensils for Husbandry and Building; and 2dly, Linner and Woollen Clothes; and Stiff [...] fitting for Apparel, &c. which are fit for Merchandize and Truch there in the Country, and that to good Advantage for the Importer; Of which further Account will be given to the Enquirer.

Lastly, Although this Country, by reason of its being already considerably inhabited, may afford many conveniencies to Strangers, of which unpeopled Countries are destitute, as Lodging, Victual­ling, &c. yet all persons inclining unto those Parts must know that in their Settlement there, they will find their Exercises, they must have their Winter as well as Summer. They must Labour before they Reap. And till their Plantations be cleared (in Summer time) they must expect, (as in all those Countries) the Muscato Flyes, Gnats, and such like, may in Hot and Fair Weather give them some disturbance, where People provide not against them, which as Land is cleared are l [...]ss troublesome.

And all such Persons who desire to be Concerned, may repair to Thomas Rudyards or Benjamin Clark in George-Yard in Lom­bard-street, where they may Uiew the Constitutions, the Scheme of the intended Town, the Mapp of the Coun­try, and Treat on Terms of Purchase.


This keyboarded and encoded edition of the work described above is co-owned by the institutions providing financial support to the Text Creation Partnership. This Phase I text is available for reuse, according to the terms of Creative Commons 0 1.0 Universal. The text can be copied, modified, distributed and performed, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.