BRIEF NOTES Upon the whole Book of PSALMS.

Put forth for the help of such who desire to exercise themselves in them, and cannot understand without a Guid.

Being a pithie and clear opening of the Scope and Meaning of the Text, to the capacitie of the Weakest.

By GEORGE ABBOT.

ACTS 18. vers. 30, 31.
And Philip said unto the Eunuch, Vnderstandest thou what thou Readest? And he said, How can I except some man should Guid me?

LONDON, Printed by WILLIAM BENTLEY, and are to be sold by Iohn Williams at the Crown, and Francis Egles­field at the Mary-gold, in S. Pauls Church­yard. Anno Dom. 1651.

TO The truly Religious and Virtuous, Mris. JOAN PUREFOY Wife to the Honourable Colonell, William Purefoy of Caldecote in Warwickshire, Esquire, a Member of this present PARLIAMENT.

THe Authours name bespeaks entertainment for this Book with those that knew him, and the work it selfe, with those that knew him not. The return of it unto you (whose interest and property therein is greater than can be de­rived by any dedication) may peradventure at the first sight, have the like operation upon you which those words of Jospeph's brethren had upon their fa­ther Jacob. Is not this thy sons Coat? But upon fur­ther insight into, and more inward acquaintance with it, you shall find that he who took a great part of your heart with him out of this World, Hath distilled into this work so much of those sweet spirits and graces which were fragrant in him while he lived; as may represent and continew unto you, the fruition of him in that which was his better part: besides whom you had no other object of maternall affection, and by whom there was left no other off-spring, but the fruit of his studies and pen; the more lively characters of [Page] his heart and spirit, of which this is the last; drawn forth unto the life immediately before his death; left as a legacy to the people of God, and as an account of his expence of that time, which by reason of bodi­ly infirmities could not be imployed in the service of the Common-wealth in Parliament whereof he was a Member; There is not a line added to it▪ by any other pencill, neither did it need any thing but midwifery to bring it forth into the World, and present it unto you as his, or (if you please) as him. The honour of which service pardon me, if I claim as of a kind of right, upon my acquaintance with his studies, and his both frequent communications with me, and obliga­tions put upon me, for the greater part of twenty years together, in which he lived under my Ministery, and in intimate correspondence with me, whereby he put me into a greater debt to him than I can exo­nerate by this acknowledgment, which indeed might lessen my testimonie by misprision of partiality, had he not left a blessed memory behind him for my justi­fication and incouragement: If I should set forth his spirituall abilities to the life, which I decline, and ra­ther chuse to point out the way and means of his im­provement to so great a measure and maturity of them, and thereby render the point at which he aimed, attainable by others that shall transcribe his copy, by shewing the line in which he moved to it. The method or discipline which God used towards him at his first entrance into the school of Christ, was not unlike to that of the Wilderness, wherein through the frequent recesses of the spirit, and Gods turning the dark side of the cloud towards him, he was exer­cised with fresh agitations & discomposures of spirit, [Page] so as (like massive bodies) he could not settle upon his true center without previous trepidation; where­upon he converted his studies and indeavours to the settlement of his spirituall estate, and began to search the Scriptures for the treasure hidden in that field, which together with his assiduity in hearing the word Preached, his sucking the sweet out of such Books as had marrow and experience in them, his constant trade with Heaven by Prayer, his communication of experience, and conversation with such as knew Jesus Christ, brought him to such firmness of consistence in his own spirit, as one that was the better rooted by former shakings, to such fixedness in his principles, as one that did not onely understand the truth of them, but had tasted the goodness, and felt the power of them, to such riches of spirituall experiences, as he became the resort of troubled consciences, and a dex­terous artist in swathing up tender and weak infants in grace, and to such spiritualty of affection, as in whom the primogeniall virtue and sence of Gods dispensati­ons toward, and impressions upon him in his conver­sion, or (as the Scripture speaks) the love of his espousalls continued fresh and vigorous: As for his proficiency and progress in the way of Christianity, it was thus advanced in matter of knowledge or do­ctrine, his chiefest inquiry upon any point was cui bono, of what proper use and conducement it was unto pra­cticall holiness, or fruition of good, &c. Searching out the nutrimentall pith or marrow that was in it, and not greatly ingaging his thoughts into opinions of contention or mere notion, which had no kernell. In duties altogether unsatisfied, except he found the spirit acting, and stirring in him, or were particularly sensi­ble [Page] of the absence & withdrawments of it. In compa­ny communicative, and trading in the staple commo­dities of Heaven, Especially upon the Sabbath-day, wherein he used to sequester his thoughts and words to the proper work of that day, and to divert com­mon and obvious occurrences into matter of spirituall insinuation, which day he also vindicated in his Book entituled Vindiciae Sabbati, when that controversie was rife and hot: and some began to lay open Gods inclo­sure into common fields, and upon which day the Lord of the day honoured him in the defence of an unfortified House, by a very few assistants against the furious assaults by fire and sword of a numerous and potent enemy. The memory of which deliverance he kept alive in himself, and exprest his sence thereof even in his last will and Testament: the rather doubt­less in respect that you his ever honoured Mother be­ing imbarked in the same bottom with him at that time, was supported with courage above your sex, and with faith above present sence, and so brought clear off that threatning storm, by the good hand of the Lord your God, unto whom (as you have learned and do know) it is all one to save, by few, as by ma­ny, I shall say no more of him, thereby to aggravate your loss, (which yet was not all yours, for the Fa­mily; the Town, the Countrey, were sensible of the influence of his exemplary holiness) but shall pray for you a heart to make a gain of it, by learning to walk with God without a crutch, and in him onely to make out all deficiency and wants of secondary helps, in whom every creature-comfort is virtually and eminently contained; and so shall you quench your thirst at the spring it self, whose waters are [Page] purest and which never shall be dry. A lesson which you shall be often taught by the holy Psalmist; and the godly Paraphrast, in this Book; whereof I need not say a word, being therein prevented by the Au­thour himself, in his Epistle to the Reader; who shall here find the sweet spices punned, into a greater fra­grancy, by the Authours accommodating his stile to the most vulgar capacity, for it was his aime to ele­vate affections, which in Psalms and spirituall songs are the predominant part, and therefore he wrote not so much to the eye as to the tast which (pardon the sole­cisme) is the best sence to read him with, so carrying on the work in this Paraphrase as also in that of Iob, as one that had not a mere notionall or carnall know­ledge of spirituall things, but that peculiar light which they have which are taught of God; Without which even Schollars themselves do see the beau­ty of them but by candle-light, and which that it may increase in you as the light of the Sun unto the perfect day, shall be the Prayer of

Your ever obliged Servant In the work of the Lord Iesus. RICHARD VINES

TO THE READER, In way of ARGUMENT and APPLICATION.

ALL Scripture was written by the holy men of God, as they were moved or inspired by the holy Ghost, but this of the Psalms was not onely written by a holy man, but by a holy man in holy frames, who was not onely moved by the spirit to write them, but was in the spirit when he pen­ned them; not so much acted by externall impulsion, as inward affection, warmth of zeal, and sensible experi­ence; For the Psalms being to be a speciall part of the worship of God in all ages of the Church, whereby God not onely speaks to us (as in other Scripture) but we to him, in Prayer and praise, (the Arguments of almost all of them) were therefore dictated by another spirit, than other Scripture, by the spirit of grace and operation, not onely of illumination, prophesie, or inspiration; to shew us, how God is to be worshipped, not onely by holy regenerate men (such as were all the sacred pen-men) but by the re­generate part of a regenerate man; else, Prayers nor praises neither come down from heaven, nor go up to hea­ven; It was not enough to be a Priest to offer Sacrifice, but it must be done by a holy man with holy fire. And therefore should we sing the Psalms of David in the [Page] spirit of David, and read them as he writ them, with frameable tempers to the matter treated. Of all Scri­pture, our meditation in the perusall of this Book of the Psalmes (so full of practicall Gospel) ought to be sweet and spirituall, of which one rightly affirms; Let all the rest of the Scripture be the body, and this is the heart, so full of heavenly affections: Every Psalm whereof is a spirituall pang, or fresh gail, breathed by the holy Ghost on Davids heart, and penned by him, and the rest, in instanti, in heat of affection: His writing is his feeling, and so should be thy reading; the musick of the Temple should make musick in the living Temples of the holy Ghost, the sons of Sion: therefore have I la­boured not onely to render the proper, but also the full ex­tensive meanings of the Psalmists by congruous enlarge­ments, to move the affections, as well as to inform the judgement: That so Davids spirit in these Psalms may be transmigrated into the experienced Reader in propor­tionable power & energie, wherewith they were conceived & digestedly put over by him to the Church; whereof (as of Christ) he was a most lively type, wading through so many dangers, temptations, ebbings, flowings, yea, and sins too, to create him to be a Looking-glass for the Church and Spouse of Christ, who may be black yet com­ly, and can never pass through any condition of sin or suffering, where first he hath not led the way, and shewen the issue, whose varieties of providences, states, and tempers made him of such an evangelicall spirit in the time of the Law, as that God stiles him a man after his own heart; so that in him we see, that neither great sins nor great afflictions can seperate us from the love and approbation of God, though the one may cost us dear, and the other may lay us low, yet neither the one nor the other [Page] can build up such a partition wall, but that the grapling irons of Faith, Prayer, and Repentance are able to demo­lish it, and make way for us to the throne of grace, whi­ther if we can but come, we shall be sure to speed; for grace can deny grace to none, that graciously ask it. And therefore if ever we will gain that Encomium of being as he was, after Gods own heart, (who ever loves a zeal­ous penitent, better than a luke-warm innocent) it must be by improving all advantages to the encrease of Go­spel-growth, thus. If at any time God in his wisdom let us fall, or Satan by his subtility and strength give us a fall, or we by our weakness catch a fall, all which, may be in one and the same sin, then know, that that sin is thine advantage or opportunity, which thou art to im­prove to mount thee to a higher rise of Gospel-ground, and step forward towards more grace by the fresh exer­cise, or exercise of fresh faith and humiliation, God be­ing more pleased with us when we penitently and faith­fully confess our sin (wherein David was very ingenuous) than displeased when we commit it. For though we are not to sin that grace may abound, yet when we have sinned, its both our wisdom and duty too, to look that grace do abound, and that we make a sanctified sin of it. Acts of sinning in the regenerate (contrary to Philoso­phy) lessening the habits of sin. And so if we fall into afflictions, there is another opportunity. (for the promise is, that all shall work for good, and that, going in and out, we shall find pasture) yea, even a price in our hands, which if improved by the exercise of seasonable and sui­table graces, will ready us in our Gospel-way, better than any trade-wind or constant gail of providence can ever do. Severall conditions make exceedingly for setting forth the Art of God in the second Creation, as severall [Page] creatures do his skill in the first, which variety in both makes us to abound not onely with necessaries but de­lights, which Scripture calls things both new and old, which no one condition unvaried can possibly render us capable of, for it is said, all things work together for good &c. Alluding to the Art of the Apothecary in the mixing of various and diverse Simples, no one whereof alone is able to work that effect that many joyntly can. And when I speak of change of states, I mean inward as well as outward, for the soul would be as a cake unturned, excellent in something and stark naught in othersome, or as a vessel unemptied, taking taint by long standing in any one condition, and therefore God hath ordered it, that the soul as the Sea shall purge it sel [...] by its constant vicissitudes of ebbings and flowings, whether the winds blow without or not. But least Christians wonder at such fortunes as befall them, God hath shewen us, that we sail but the course of other men that went before us, and have landed safely through many cross winds and high Seas in a happy issue or conclusion, and David is the highest Sea-mark in all the Bible for men of ship­wracked souls, bodies, states, or names, to cast their eye upon; who ever lived that endured such, and such va­riety of affliction, for that he was to be the type as of the Crown, so of the cross of Christ, yea, and of every Chri­stian, or the Church in generall. And therefore what state soever thou beest in, the Psalms are as an Apothecaries stop, full of boxes, and they are full of all manner of store for men in all tempers and distempers; at all times, and in all tunes to make use of, especially when thou hast to do in a good cause against a wicked enemy. Bodily weak­ness disabling me for other imploiments, gave me oppor­tunity to make thus much more progress in Scripture-pa­raphrase, [Page] and though the Psalms (which being so fre­quently used ought the better to be understood) may pri­mâ facie seem to need none, yet they that look into them with inspection, will find much more sence than lies above board, besides that of coherence and connexion (the hardest part of paraphrase) which most Readers omit, and most expositours neglect, rendering though a true sence of the Text, if disjoyned yet, not carefully consider­ing the scope of the contexture, they give not the sence in its full propriety, which is the endeavour of

Thine, in the work of the Lord. G. F.

Advertisements premised.

WHerein the word Maschil is prefixed to a Psalm, it imports it to be a Psalm of direction, instruction, or information, in some sort or other.

Where the word Selah is affixed to any sentence or verse, it is to be under­stood by way of Emphasis, or as an Emphaticall close to the matter foregoing suitable to it, by way of Exaggeration, or Amplification, for Impression sake. And so in like sort, the word Higgaion, which signifies to muse or meditate, is to be taken, when and where it is affixed to a sentence, as where Higgaion Selah concludes a verse.

The first PSALM.

The Contents.

The Prophet to induce to godliness and disswade from wickedness, shews in this Psalm, that the first of these does onely make men happie and bles­sed, and the other doth certainly and eternally make men miserable.

1 WOuldst thou be a blessed man?BLessed is the man that walk­eth not in the counsel of the un­godly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornfull. mi­stake not then, but know upon the word of a Prophet speaking from God, that He, and He onely is here, and shall be for ever hereafter, hap­pie and blessed (to wit, with the favour of God, true peace of conscience, and joys of heaven, the onely true happiness) that maugre the opinion of the world to the contrarie, shuts his ear to the sinful perswa­sions of wicked men, not suffering himself to be se­duced to lead their lives: much less willingly and im­pudently gives himself over to a course of sinning, and least of all with brazen face scorns and opposes the ways of God and them that walk them.

2 But on the contrarie,But his delight is in the law of the Lord, and in his law, doth he meditate day and night. is ruled by the Word, stu­dying it and walking those ways which it prescribes and commands, with as much pleasure and content of mind, as wicked men take in sin, keeping it in mind and memorie to order his ways according to it, that in nothing, nor at no time, sin may mislead him.

3 And God shall so bless this his holy care and in­dustrie,And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water that bringeth forth his fruit in his season, his leaf also shall not wither, and whatsoe­ver he doeth shall prosper. [Page 2] that his soul shall be plentifully fed from heaven, with the never-failing influences of Grace and Consolation, to the making him fruitful in eve­ry good work and work, comfortable in every con­dition, and inable him to hold forth a holy profession throughout prosperitie and adversitie, to the end, (maugre the world and wicked men) to the glorie of God and honour of Religion, and his own great ad­vantage too here as well as hereafter, thereby procu­ring the blessing of God upon all he hath and doth.

The ungodly are not so, but are like the chaft[?] which the wind driveth away.4 Whereas the wicked have no firm footing in any good condition, for in the way they walk, God will never bless them, nor respect them, but as they are nought, so will he set them at nought, and will make it appear he does so, when he executes his di­spleasure upon them, which shall part them from the prosperitie they enjoyed in this life, with a fearful farewel, never exspecting to see good day again.

Therefore the un­godly shall not stand in the judgement, nor sinners in the congre­gation of the righte­ous.5 For the conscience of their wicked ways, and the expectation of that just and fearful sentence, Go ye cursed, to be pronounced upon them, shall make them hang the head in deep despair at the great As­size, when as the godly shall be able to lift up their heads with joy, nor shall such sinful wretches ever set foot within heavens threshold, or have any fel­lowship or share there in the happiness of the saints.

For the Lord knoweth the way of the righteous, but the way of the ungodly shall perish.6 For however wicked men that know not things that differ, think as well and better of themselves and their ways, than of the godly and theirs. Yet God knows the difference, and shall one day make them to know it too, when he comes to judge and reward every one according to his works, then he will make it appear what notice he took of the god­ly, [Page 3] and how he approved them the world con­temned. And the wicked they shall see and find for all their confidence and jolity, where their way will end, and to what a woful condition it will bring them at last. Even to everlasting destruction.

Second PSALM.

David finding great opposition in his coming to the Kingdom, both at home by the House of Saul, and they that sided with them, and also abroad by con­federacy of neighbour-Princes and People. He shews them both their folly and danger in so doing; for that as a Prophet he does assure them that God hath designed him to rule both over Iews and Gentiles, as a figure of Christs doing the like in his spiritual Kingdom all the world over, and therefore exhorts them to desist, and submit to the will of the Lord; and not to their utter undoing put from them the Grace that is offered them in Christ, (whose type onely he was, and of whose Kingdom he prophesies) which would make them blessed for ever.Psalm 2.

1 HOw senselesly do the Gentile and Heathen na­tions amongst us and about us,WHy do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? yea and so ma­ny that are of Israel too, so violently oppose my Go­vernment, and refuse their subjection to me? which nevertheless shall be effected maugre all their rage and resistance, for that herein I am to be a type of Christ the Son of God, his universal Sovereignty over Jews and Gentiles, which by the wicked of both sorts shall in like manner be opposed, but in vain, for his spiritual Kingdom, his Church, shall prosper in spite of all the world, as shall my temporal.

2 Yea mighty Princes and great States-men by their worldly power and wisdom,The Kings of the earth set themselves, and the Rulers took counsel together, a­gainst the Lord and against his anointed, saying, both within Israel, and without in many neighbour-nations, set them­selves with all their might against me, but in so doing they fight against God, and against me, not for mine own sake (who never sought the Kingdom) but be­cause [Page 4] the Lord had anointed and designed me to it, in a figure to pourtray out Christ and his Kingdom by me, who likewise shall be so opposed.

Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.3 They say in effect both Princes and People, we will not be subject to David, nor under his Govern­ment, but in so saying, they also in effect say, they will not be subject to God, nor have his Son Christ to rule over them, neither him nor me.

He that sitteth in the Heavens shall laugh, the Lord shall have them in derision.4 And therefore (though they set light by me, and think themselves able enough by their worldly power and policy to crush me, yet) he that reigns in Heaven, in whom I trust, being engaged in my quar­rel, contemns their pride, and laughs at their foolish­ness, for that he both can and will subjugate them to me, and in me to himself.

Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.5 And if they will needs provoke him to anger, and put him to use his power, refusing to submit to his Scepter and mine, they shall then find him a po­tent and wrathful enemy in his own and my behalf, and such an one as will easily subdue and destroy them, and revenge himself to the full upon their re­bellious stubbornness against him and me.

Yet have I set my King upon my holy hill of Sion.6 For as a Prophet in the Name of the Lord I pronounce it. That maugre what man can do, the Lord shall certainly set me over Israel, and establish my throne in Ierusalem where his holy Temple shall be built, as the chosen type of Christ, who shall rule by the Scepter of his Holiness in and over his Church, whereof Sion is a type, maugre all the ene­mies both of him and me.

I will declare the decree the Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my Son, this day h [...]ve I begotten thee.7 And further, that men may know they strive against the stream in opposing me, I will tell them truly what the Lord hath revealed to me concerning [Page 5] my self by the spirit of prophesie; that is, That he hath decreed me to be the figure of Christ. And in a figure hath said thus to me. Thou art and shalt be my son, that is, in the place and stead of mine onely Son, the Heir of all things, resembling the power that he shall have over his enemies, and the Government in his Church which I shall give him, then when I have as it were begotten him a new, and powerfully declared him to be so, by raising him from the dead, and exalted him at my right hand in glory, as I have and shall do thee out of thy low and troublous state, by anointing thee King, and setting thee in the throne of Israel.

8 And as I will do by him,Ask of me and I shall give thee the Heathen for thine in­heritance, and the ut­termost parts of the earth for thy possessi­on. so will I do by thee, By his intercession the heathen Gentiles shall come under his subjection, yea the most remote and furthest parts of all the world as well as Iudea, shall he possess and inherit by my gift, for to be his people. And so at thy prayer and intreaty shalt thou prevail over, and be possessor of all them that rise up against thee both Jews and Gentiles, far and near, to be thine and under thee.

9 Maugre all their resistance and rebellion,Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron, thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potters vessel. yet shalt thou be set over them, and they miserably de­stroyed by thy power that will not come under the Scepter, as shall all be that make resistance to my Son Christ, whose wrathful vengeance will fall heavy up­on such mortals as refuse salvation from him, and sub­jection to him.

10 Now therefore,Be wise now therefore, O ye Kings: be instructed ye Judges of the earth. seeing I have told you the truth. Take warning and be advised even ye that are Kings and Potentates here on earth, yet, to do your Homage and render obedience and subjection in me, [Page 6] to the Lord, that rules in Heaven. Neither do you that are the Judges and Sages of the world think your selves too wise to take Laws from God, though here you give Laws to men.

Serve the Lord with fear, and re­joyce with trembling.11 As high as you are, think not scorn to stoop to serve the Lord with fear of his displeasure, and take heed your prosperity make you not forget your selves and God, but use it soberly, and rejoyce in it mode­rately, fearing to offend him that raised you up, and can cast you down.

Kiss the Son lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little, blessed are all they that put their trust in him.12 Take heed of rejecting Christ in rejecting me, who is Son and Heir of all things, but yield obedience and do your homage unto him in believing what I have said, and framing your course accordingly, least you turn that grace and favour which he hath offered you, by being willing to accept you for his people, into heavy displeasure, and so forsaking the onely way of happiness which God hath chalked you out in him, you perish and that everlastingly, when as by refusing subjection to his gracious Government, you have once shut the door of mercy upon your selves, and kindled his anger against you, the least spark whereof will be of dreadful consequence to the rebellious. Therefore if you would be happy and blessed, as I know all desire to be, then be assured of this; That they, and they onely are, and shall be so, that in hu­mility and faith embrace the mercy that is offered them in him, receiving him for their Saviour, and yielding themselves his thankful and obedient ser­vants and subjects, whose type and Prophet onely I am.

Third PSALM.

David being much troubled at the unnatural and undutiful rebellion of his son and subjects, makes his complaint to God, lamenting his enemies strength and opprobries. But notwithstanding chears up himself by his faith in God to restore him, as by an answer to a prayer he was assured. In the [...]aith whereof for all his many adversaries, he comforts himself and is con­fident, and prays that God would make good this his confidence by deli­vering him now as heretofore, in respect of his promise to make him a blessed type of Christ to his people.

A Psalm made by Davidupon occasion of his flying from Absalom his son,Psalm 3. A Psalm of David when he fled from Absa­lom his son. when he rebelled against him.

1 LOrd how strange and unexpectedly are new ene­mies risen up to molest and vex me,LOrd how are they encreased that trouble me [...] many are they that rise up against me. when I was in hope of Rest and Peace, not onely mine old inve­terate ones of the house of Saul, but even mine own off-spring, and almost all Israel rebel against me, and go about to take the Kingdom from me?

2 And to such straits am I now brought worse than ever,Many there be which say of my soul, There is no help for him in God. Selah. as that most men give me for lost, and by reason of my sin which hath caused this trouble, they think me to be utterly out of favour with thee, so that they are confident they shall prevail, for that thou hast quite rejected me, which I would have them know would be to me the worst of evils.

3 But though my sin be great,But thou, O Lord, art a shield for me; my glory and the lifter up of my head. for which thou hast brought this distress upon me, so that I am esteemed as quite undone; yet cannot I so easily yield up my faith, and distrust thy promise and goodness. But am confident thou that art the Lord Almighty, and my good God, wilt now deliver me from mine enemies as thou hast ever done, and wilt restore me to, and [Page 8] maintain me in, mine honour which thou hast given me, and turn my sorrow into joy.

I cried unto the Lord with my voice, and he heard me out of his holy hill. Selah.4 Nor do I speak this presumptiously or by guess, but am well assured of it, by a special answer I received from God in mine earnest prayer, which I made towards mount Sion, where his Ark resides. And this my confidence to find mercy with God, I care not who know, so sure am I of it.

I laid me down and slept; I awaked, for the Lord sustained me.5 Which hath so comfortably secured me in mine own mind, as that for all my trouble I can sleep as quietly, and wake as chearfully as at any time be­fore; The Lord hath given me such a spirit of confi­dence and assurance, that he will be the same God to me that he hath been, and will sustain me now as he hath done heretofore, maugre mine enemies.

I will not be a­fraid of ten thousands of people that have set themselves against me round about.6 So that, though I must needs confess in out­ward appearance my condition is very forlorn, beeing fain to flie before mine enemies, yet I am so comfort­ed in God, as that my faith is far above my fear, so that though multitudes oppose me, and the whole Kingdom (as it were) on every hand rebel against me, and but a very few left to take my part, whilest God is for me, I care not who or how many be against me.

Arise, O Lord, save me, O my God; for thou hast smitten all [...]ine enemies upon the cheek bone: thou hast broken the teeth of the ungodly.7 And now, O Lord, let it appear that I speak the truth, shew thy self in my behalf, put forth thine Al­mighty power and save me, who thou knowest am thine, and one that trusts in thee, and cause I have to do so, for thou hast ever been gracious to me, and de­feated mine enemies, though they have been never so strong, and I in never such peril, yet hast thou brought me out, and set me free from the malicious cruelty of all those ungodly ones that have opposed [Page 9] me, for such and none other have ever been mine ene­mies.

8 So that it is neither the power of mine adversa­ries,Salvation belong­eth unto the Lord: thy blessing is upon thy people. Selah. nor the straits I am in, that shall make me doubt of deliverance, whilest I have a God to trust in, who can, and will preserve me as he hath done, (for to him belongeth the glory of my preservation) because he hath firmly purposed, and faithfully promised his chief and choisest blessing to his Church and people by me, which shall not be frustrated, even his Son Christ to rule over them, and to be victorious for them, of whom he hath made me the Type. Oh that Israel would understand this, submit to it, and praise him for it.

Fourth PSALM.

David first speaks to God by prayer, and gaining comfort and confidence thereby, he then speaks to his enemies by advice, to leave off troubling him and themselves in vain, for that they should never be able to get his Kingdom from him, because God had given it to him, and would keep it for him, do what they could, and therefore admonisheth them not hea­dily to persist in sinning by rebelling, but to advise with their pillow in a point of so great concernment and infallibility, and to desist and subject themselves to the will of God, so should they find pardon and favour with him, which would be better to them than all worldly happiness which they were so greedy of, and which for his part seeing he had done, he feared nothing.

To him that is most skilful upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth to which this Psalm is chiefly set, Psalm. 4. To the chief musician on Neginoth. A Psalm of David. do I David that made it, recommend it, for the care and ordering of it in the Quire.

1 O Lord suffer much in thy quarrel,HEar when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in di­stress, have mercie upon me, and hear my prayer. & am put to many straits, in all which I flie to thee, there­fore good Lord hear my prayer in such cases: for [Page 10] though I my self be a sinner, yet I trust in thy righte­ousness, and make thee the judge of mine innocencie, of whose goodness I have had large experiences, for thou hast ever been faithful to deliver me out of all my dangers. And therefore I will still believe in thee, and pray to thee, that thou wilt continue thy mercie, as mine enemies continue their malice, and hear me still as they give me cause to crie to thee for help.

O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glorie into shame? how long will ye love vanitie, and seek after leasing? Selah.2 O ye that are too weak to resist the Almighty, and as weak in understanding heavenly things, how long will you perversly refuse to give and acknow­ledge that honour which God hath designed to me, and will certainly fulfil in making me the Kingly type of the promised Messiah, and in that relation to sub­mit unto me? Will you never be reclaimed? But still vainly seek to destroy Christs spiritual Kingdom by indeavouring to dispossess me of mine, which you shall never be able to compass, though you labour it never so, in hope to have it from me, but deceive your selves and lose your labour. I would you would take warning to seek the heavenly and not the earthly Kingdom which you are so greedie of.

But know that the Lord hath set a­part him that is godly, for himself; the Lord will hear when I call unto him.3 Indeed be advised, and know to save you further trouble, that I have not laboured to advance my self to this honour of a King for ambition sake, but it was God who had a favour to me for the grace sake he hath wrought in me, that hath designed me to this place and office wherein he is pleased to use me, and as he hath raised me to it, so will he never suffer me to be divested of it, but will be sure to relieve me, and give me the better of mine enemies, whensoever in my need I call upon him.

[Page 11]4 O that you would take my counsel to fear God,Stand in aw, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah. & not proudly & passionately go on in sinning against him by opposing your selves against me. Weigh but with your selves seriously the consequence of mine ad­vice as to your everlasting welfare, and in cold bloud consider the strange providences that have thus far carried on the work of mine advancement to the Kingdom maugre mine enemies, and judge whether that do not promise as much as I prophecie, and whe­ther it were not therefore best for you to give over and be quiet, I would you would consider it for your good.

5 Come,Offer the sacrifices of righteousness: and put your trust in the Lord. be perswaded to submit and render your selves the righteous and obedient servants and sub­jects of the Lord, as a sacrifice due to him that de­serves and expects it from you, and in so doing trust in the Lord for mercie and grace which you shall be sure to find, and trust not in your own power and poli­cie to frustrate his will and pleasure.

6 How many gape after this worldly and outward prosperitie,There be many that say, who will shew us any good? Lord lift thou up the light of thy counte­nance upon us. and labour it tooth and nail, as if that were their chiefest good. But let me tell you the way to be happie indeed, is to get the grace and favour of God to belong unto you, this I for my part would have above all for me and mine to be happie by.

7 For,Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased. for my own part I am able to speak it to thy praise. That hereby O Lord thou hast more rejoyced my heart, than all the joyes under heaven could have done, the joy of harvest be it never so plentiful is no­thing comparable to the shining of Gods favorable countenance through Christ upon the soul, and the assurance of his grace towards us in him.

[Page 12] I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou Lord onely makest me dwel in safetie.8 Yea I am so comforted with his favour, and confident of his faithfulness in protecting me, that all my troubles and dangers shall not disquiet me, but I can peaceably injoy my self and take my rest through faith in God. For whilest I have thee O Lord on my side, and that thou doest but thus fortifie my spirit with the assurance of thy faithfulness and favour, and keepest fresh in memorie thy former mercies in my manifold deliverances, be my case never so desperate, thou alone art securitie enough unto me.

Fifth PSALM.

David prayeth to God for audience and answer touching his preservation, because of his firm confidence, vehement importunitie; and his enemies wickedness, which God hating in his holiness will therefore punish in his justice. But because David was and ever would be a servant and worshipper of God, he therefore hopes and prayes that God will shew him how to escape his enemies, which without his direction he can ne­ver do, they are so full of deceit and crueltie. For which he prayes God to punish them, yea to take them in their traps. But for the godly that trust in the Lord, and do love and fear him, he prayes they may ever prosper, and have cause of continual rejoycing in outward preser­vation and inward manifestation of grace and favour, which likewise he promiseth to such.Psalm. 5. To the chief musi­cian upon Neginoth. A Psalm of David.

To him that is most skilful upon the instrument Ne­hiloth to which the Psalm is chiefly set, do I David that made it recommend it for his care and order­ing of it in the Quire.

GIve ear to my words O Lord, consider my meditations.1 GOod Lord let me have thine ear to the pray­er wherewith I humbly bespeak thee, which is not a bare lip-labour, but springs from within me, out of the most intense thoughts of my mind [Page 13] and heart, caused by the sense of my many miseries, and confidence of thy gracious goodness, which I pray thee consider to move thee to hear and grant my requests.

2 My grief makes me importunate and earnest with thee for audience,Hearken unto the voice of my crie, my King, and my God, for unto thee will I pray. to whose free gift and Sove­reign bountie I pay the Homage of all I hold, and in whom I onely trust for protection, knowing and be­lieving thee to be my all-sufficient and good God. Therefore thou must not fail to hear and answer me, for I will never cease calling upon thee, nor will I seek to any other but thee.

3 My greatest confidence is in thee,My voyce shalt thou hear in the morning, O Lord, in the morning will I di­rect my prayer unto thee, and will look up. and therefore my first and chiefest addresses shall be to thee. It is thee O Lord that I relie upon, and prefer before wic­ked shifts and humane policie, and therefore with me thou shalt have precedencie of all things both for time and place. Early when others are otherways busied, contriving how to bring to pass their wicked designs by evil means, then will I be supplicating thy throne of grace O Lord, there will I be busied, and thither will I direct my prayer.

4 And in this I have great odds of mine enemies,For thou art not a God that hath plea­sure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee. for I know the righteous God loves righteousness, and takes no pleasure in the wickednes of the wicked; How pleasing soever their ways be to themselves, they are hateful to God, nor shall ever sin and iniquitie find favour from him, be acceptable to him, or be blessed by him.

5 And as sin,The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all wor­kers of iniquitie. so the obstinate sinners shall have no favour from the Lord, for thou art too righteous to love wicked workers, nay in thy holiness thou ha­test and abhorrest them.

[Page 14] Thou shalt de­stroy them that speak leasing: the Lord will abhor the bloudie and deceitful man.6 They that think to prevail by lying and dissem­bling, thou wilt in thy righteousness turn it to their ruin, thou Lord wilt not endure that the cruel minded and fals-hearted should prosper.

But as for me I will come into thy house in the multi­tude of thy mercie: and in thy fear will I worship toward thy holy Temple.7 Let them think to thrive in those ways, for my part I am resolved of another course, I'le keep close to thee, and trust firmly in thine abundant goodness and mercie to me, which shall make me frequent thee with prayer and praise, and in obedience to thy holy will, I will make mine humble supplications, and offer up thanks-givings to thee through the mediation of Christ, who shall be figured by the holy Temple.

Lead me, O Lord, in thy righteousness, because of mine ene­mies; make thy way straight before my face.8 O Lord be thou faithful to me and careful over me, that I fall not into the snares of mine enemies, who are so watchful to catch me, shew me the way thou wouldst have me to walk, and which thou wilt bless unto me for my preservation.

For there is no faithfulness in their mouth, their inward part is very wicked­ness; their throat is an open sepulchre, they flatter with their tongue.9 For if thou doest not furnish me with wisdom, and instruct me how to escape, they will be too hard for me, seeing they make no conscience to lie and dis­semble, they have no truth nor honestie in them, but are wholly composed of malice, mischief, and deceit, its their studie and delight, they care not what they say nor how false they pretend, so that thereby they may devour me and them that side with me, and to compass their cruel designs can speak fair and mean false.

Destroy thou them, O God; let them fall by their own counsels: cast them out in the mul­titude of their trans­gressio [...]s, for thy have rebelled against thee.10 Thou that art a righteous God and hatest such dealing, plague them for it, that they may know thou knowst it, and abhorrest them for it, entrap them by their own dissemblings, and take them in their own deceitful snares. Let their sins which are so many and great, stir up thy just wrath against them [Page 15] to confound them, and free thine Israel of them, for it is not me onely but thee that they set at nought, and rebel against.

11 And as thou shewest thy self an enemy to thine enemies,But let all those that put their trust in thee, rejoyce: let them ever shout for joy: because thou defend­est him: let them also that love thy name, be joyful in thee. so let the world see thou art a friend to thy friends. Let all those that faithfully trust in thee, and humbly depend upon thee, prosper in so doing, when thine enemies weep let them rejoyce, and that with in­finite joy and gladness, because of thy wonderful and apparent preservation of them. Yea let those who believing in thee, do withal fear and love thee, not one­ly joy in thine outward preservation of them, but also inwardly in thy grace and salvation.

12 For indeed thou Lord art and wilt ever be,For thou Lord wilt bless the righte­ous, with favour wilt thou compass him as with a shield. not onely a God of outward blessings to him that loves thee, and trusts in thee, but wilt also inwardly so ma­nifest thy special and saving grace and favour to him, as it shall make him dreadless of any outward danger, by being assured through thy mercie of salvation it self.

Sixth PSALM.

God having brought upon David a fore sickness (or some grievous affliction) he intreats to be chastized with fatherly gentleness, and that he would com­passionate the great miserie he sustained both in bodie and soul, and restore him to health and comfort, and not prosecute him to death, but let him live to give him thanks: professing how many tears and prayers his sin and sick­ness had cost him, and the rather, because of the malicious insolencie of his enemies, whom he concludes, God will certainly defeat of their hope and de­sire, having heard his prayer and pittied his case, and assures them, it shall not be long before they see it to their shame and grief.

To him that is most skilful upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth; To the chief musician on Neginoth upon Sheminith, A Psalm of David. to be sung with a high voice to the eighth tune, or instrument of eight strings cal­led [Page 16] Sheminith, whereto this Psalm is chiefly set, do I David that made it recommend it.

O Lord rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.1 O Lord thou hast many ways afflicted me, for besides my many enemies, thou hast now brought upon me a very soar and painful sickness, which make me fear thine anger is kindled against me, which I humbly knowledge my sins have deserved. But good Lord remember mercie, and chastize me for them, not in thy heavie displeasure, but accord­ing to thy Fatherly compassion.

Have mercie up­on me O Lord; for I am weak: O Lord heal me for my bones are vexed.2 For though sin doth provoke thee to anger, yet miserie is wont to move thee to shew mercie, and tru­ly, O Lord, my case is very woful, for I am exceeding low brought by my disease, therefore have pittie upon me, for certainly thou mayest do a great cure, and get thee a great deal of honour in recovering me now I am grown to that extremitie, that my very bones are tortured with pain, and are not of strength to sup­port me.

My soul is also soar vexed: but thou, O Lord, how long?3 Nor am I onely sick in bodie, but that which most makes me fear thy displeasure towards me, is this. That my soul is also soar troubled, and as my bodie can find no ease, so nor my soul find comfort, which indeed is a grievous sadning to me. But thou O Lord, who I am sure art a God of mercie and com­passion, as well as of just displeasure, how long canst thou behold me in this case, and forbear to help me, specially with soul-comfort?

Return, O Lord, deliver my soul; o save me for thy mercie sake.4 Good Lord change thy mind, and now after so great and long affliction become my God again, by set­ting my soul (at least) at libertie from its comfortless state. Look no longer at my sins to punish them, but consider and cast an eye upon thine own merciful [Page 17] nature now a while, and for its sake restore me to health and inward peace.

5 And so shall I live to praise thee,For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks? whereas if thou pursue me to death, what good wilt thou get by that, here if thou letst me live I shall remember from time to time this mercie of my recoverie, with many o­ther good turns done me, to thy glorie and praise; but in the grave I shall forget all, for both the knowledge of thee, and the remembrance of all the mercies thou hast shewed me (which I was wont to celebrate with thankfulness in this life) must needs vanish when life it self departs, and be buried in the grave with me in oblivion and silence.

6 Truly,I am wearie with my groaning, all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears: Lord, I have had a very sad time of it, and a heavie burthen have I born a long while, which hath cost me much sorrow and grief, in so much as my groans have been incessant and without any ease or intermission, so that I am now quite spent and wearie, ready to give over for want of breath and spirit to express my moanings, night nor day have I had any quiet, nor taken any rest, but instead of sleep I have spent the night in continual weeping, and in stead of repose upon my couch in the day time, I have done nothing but shed tears.

7 In so much as my sight is decaied,Mine eye is con­sumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies. and mine eyes wasted with incessant sorrowing, and sunck into my head, as it were with old age, because of thy heavie hand, and chiefly for the insultations of my many ene­mies over me because of mine affliction.

8 But blessed be thy name;Depart from me all ye workers of ini­quitie; for the Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping. me thinks of a sudden upon this my prayer I find my heart much cleared, and my spirit well assured of thy favour and future mercie to me, so that now I hope mine enemies shall [Page 18] have small cause to rejoyce over me; for that I know thou wilt speedily disappoint that malicious and wic­ked desire they had of my destruction, and wilt re­store me, for though my grief hath cost me many tears, yet the Lord I perceive hath taken notice of them, and pitied me for them.

The Lord hath heard my supplica­tion; the Lord will receive my prayer.9 Yea he hath listned to the supplications I made in mine extremitie and will not reject them, but ac­cording to my prayer will shew me mercie, receive me to favour, and restore me to health and comfort.

Let all mine ene­mies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be a­shamed suddenly.10 So that now I am confident it shall be mine enemies turn to hang their heads for shame and vexa­tion, and mine to triumph over them, when they see such an unexpected and sudden alteration, and God to appear so much for me in it, who they thought had been quite out of favour, and should have now perished in his displeasure.

Seventh PSALM.

David being falsely accused to Saul by Cush to have abused his favour, and made use of his reconciliation to strengthen himself against him and sup­plant him in the Kingdom, and Saul by this slanderous report being in­raged against David, prosecutes him with greater hatred than before, whereupon David flies to God by prayer for deliverance from Sauls inraged cruelty, pleading his innocencie in the thing whereof he was accused, whereupon he stirs up God to stand for him against his cruel adversaries, for the promise sake which he had made him of the Kingdom, and the ser­vice he would procure him in Israel thereby, and withall prayes him that he will judge him according to his innocencie, and the wicked according to their wickedness, for that he knew who was in fault, he, or his enemies. And in confidence thereof prophesies his enemies ruin and disappointment, and that he shall live to see the day when he shall have cause to praise God for it, and when that day comes, he promises not to fail to do it.

Psalm 7. Shiggaion of David, which he sang unto the Lord, concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite. A Psalm which David made and set to the tune of Shiggaion, whereby he sought the Lord when as he [Page 19] was endangered by false accusation of him to Saul by that pick-thank flatterer Cush, the Benjamite.

1 MOst Almighty Lord,O Lord my God, in thee do I put my trust: save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me. and my most gracious God, unto thy power and goodness do I flie for safe-guard, relying onely on thee, and therefore pray thee undertake my defence against my many ad­versaries, Saul and his partizans, who do most wrong­fully persecute me, from whose hands therefore, good Lord, deliver me.

2 Lest if I fall into his hands he take away my life and put me to death by torments,Lest he tear my soul like a Lion, rent­ing it in pieces, while there is none to deli­ver. now that he is so inraged by false flatterers, and I have none left about him that will or dare stand my friend, and speak a good word for me.

3 My most righteous Lord and God,O Lord my God, if I have done this; if there be iniquitie in my hands. if this thing be true that Saul is informed off against me, and for which he thus persecutes me, if I have had any trea­cherous design upon him, or broken Covenant with him as is suggested.

4 If under the colour of peace and agreement I have sought to bring to pass any treacherous or trea­sonable thing,If I have reward­ed evil unto him that was at peace with me. (Yea, I have deliver­ed him that without cause is mine enemie. or since our capitulation have falsified my word, (nay, I am so far from thinking evil to Saul, that though he be mine utter enemie, and hath wrongfully and without any cause at any time given by me laboured my destruction, which nature can ill brook, yet even then in that time of open hostilitie, when I had him at advantage, and might have rid my self of him once or twice, such was my respect and loyaltie to him, and fear of sinning against thee, that I delivered him, though to the hazard of mine own life thereby.)

5 If thou Lord who knowest all things,Let the enemie persecute my soul, and take it, yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. Selah. know me [Page 20] guilty of this persidious treacherie whereof I am ac­cused, then in thy righteous judgement let Saul never cease to seek my life, till he have it, and then let him put me to as shameful a death as ever any suffered, and brand me for a most treacherous ignominious wretch to all posteritie, even from my heart I wish it.

Arise, O Lord, in thine a [...]ger, lift up thy self, because of the rage of mine enemies: and awake for me to the judgement that thou hast command­ed.6 But, Lord, thou knowest its otherways, therefore in thy just displeasure, and in the greatness of thy power bestir thee in my behalf to right me on my false accusers and bloudie persecutors, because of their un­just violence against me, and delay no longer, but take this season of their sinning to destroy them, and fulfil that righteous decree and judgement which is gone forth of thy mouth, concerning the making me the Kingly type of Christ over Israel.

So shall the con­gregation of the peo­ple compass thee a­bout: for their sakes therefore return thou [...]e high.7 And I will cause thy sanctuarie to be erected up­on Sion, so shall all Israel meet solemnly to worship thee, therefore for thy peoples sake who do now want the means of serving and seeking thee as they desire, seat thy self upon thy Tribunal to do justice which now thou hast long forborn, and shew forth thy power from heaven, as formerly thou hast done in their be­halfs.

The Lord shall [...]udge the people: [...]udge me, O Lord, according, to my righteousness and ac­cording to mine inte­gritie that is in me.8 The Lord will right this wrong which his peo­ple sustain, in having his worship deteined from them; and I pray thee consider my case too, O Lord, to right me also on mine enemies who have deprived me of thine ordinances, for that thou knowest me just in my behaviour, and in mine heart upright towards Saul, and most falsly slandered in those things whereof I am accused, and for which I am persecuted.

Oh let the wic­kedness of the wicked come to an end, but establish the just: [...]or the righteous God trieth the hea [...]rs and reins.9 O Lord do thou put an end to the wicked pra­ctises of mine ungodly enemies, but make good thy [Page 21] promise of mine establishment in the throne of Israel, who fears thy name, and am just in all my dealings, for thou that knowest the inward thoughts and desires of mens hearts canst judge whether I or mine enemies be the wrong-doors.

10 My trust is wholly in the Lord for my preser­vation,My defence is of God, which saveth the upright in heart. against the furie of mine implacable and mali­cious adversaries, who I know will not let the upright hearted man perish who fears to sin, and hath a care to walk honestly.

11 God though he seem slack yet will sooner or la­ter judge the righteous mans cause,God judgeth the righteous, and God is angrie with the wic­ked every day. and as well as the wicked seem to prosper, yet hath God a continual eye upon them, and their evil ways, whereby his displea­sure is daily increased against them.

12 He indeed waits a time to see if the wicked will repent and turn from his evil ways,If he turn not, he will whe [...] his sword, he hath bent his bow, and made it readie. but if after he have waited a while, he turn not, then will he be the more inraged & severe in the execution of justice, for which he hath all things in a readiness when the time comes.

13 Yea he is preparing all the while,He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death, he ordaineth his ar­rows against the per­secutors. he lets him live in sin to bring upon him utter destruction for it at last, and the proud persecutors of the poor and godly, he means in the end to make them the marks at whom he will discharge all his quiver of plagues and punish­ments.

14 The world shall see,Behold, he tra­velleth with iniquitie, and hath con­ceived mischief, and brought forth fals­hood. that after he hath taken a great deal of pains, and been at much trouble to com­pass his wicked ends by wicked means, and hath with much studie contrived mischievous devices against the innocent, the end will be, that he will be deceived in his expectation, both of the righteous mans ruin, and his own prospering, for he shall be the man that shall [Page 22] perish with all his machinations, but the upright man shall be preserved in his innocencie.

He made a pit and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch which he made.15 After he hath long set his wits a work, and moil­ed and toiled to compass the godly mans destruction, God shall so bring it about, that his very design upon the righteous shall turn to his own utter undoing.

His mischief shall return upon his own head, and his violent dealing shall come up­on his own pate.16 All the ill he meant to others shall light upon himself, and his violence against the good, shall fall heavie upon him to his utter destruction.

I will praise the Lord according to his righteousnes: and will sing praise to the name of the Lord most high.17 That day I know and am sure I shall live to see, (though it seems afar off) when I shall have cause to praise the Lord for keeping promise with me, and for all his righteous judging me according to mine inno­cencie, in my deliverance and mine enemies downfall; and when this is which I am sure will be, I promise be­fore hand (in the faith of it) that I will praise the power and goodness of the Lord God Almightie who rules over all; and raiseth, and abaseth, whom he plea­seth.

Eighth PSALM.

David having honoured God with his absolute and relative title of Sove­reigntie, extols the excellencie of his manifested attributes which appear in his works by way of interrogation, as unable otherways to express them to their worth; shewing how both great and small, yea the smallest things most convincingly set forth the praise of his admirable power, and gracious good­ness and providence towards mankind, even to the confounding and confu­ting all ungodly and perverse Atheists. And shews, that for his own part, when he seriously considers the workmanship of God in the Heavens, and his creating the lights that shine therein for mans use, together with his graci­ous rebestowing the use and dominion of the creature upon him by a new ti­tle of Redemption, and heaven to boot, when as he had lost all by sin, and was worthie of none; he cannot but with admiration acknowledge his great good­nes to man, yea he cannot enough admire both his greatnes, and goodnes.

Psalm 8. To the chief musician upon Gittith. A Psalm of David. To him that is most skilful upon Gittith, the instru­ment [Page 23] used by Obed-Edom the Gittite and his family, do I David that made this Psalm commit it for his ordering it in the Quire.

1 MOst glorious Lord who hast the dominion over all the world,O Lord our God how excellent is thy name in all the earth! who hast set thy glory a­bove the Heavens. and specially over us thy chosen, how full of renown is thy power, wisdom and greatness all the world over, by reason of those admi­rable creatures and glorious Lights, the Sun, Moon, and Starrs, which thou hast created and placed up on high to shine through the ayrie regions to give light and convey heat to all that live upon earth.

2 Yea every thing,Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength, because of thine [...] enemies, that thou mightest still th [...] enemie and the aven­ger. high and low, great and small hold forth thy glory, and manifest thy prais-worthy power and providence. The very instinct and infant oratory that thou puttest into the new born babe, to cry after the Mothers breasts, making that silly crea­ture so wise as to seek its subsistence, so soon as it hath a Beeing; and by moving pity therewith, to be able also to procure it, when it is utterly of it self helpless, and at anothers finding: this doth most convincingly testifie (to thy praise) thy power, and providence in despight of all wicked and ungodly Atheists that list not to acknowledg thee; and stops the mouth of the most perverse and devillish-minded caviller against thee, whilst they must needs see thy great power and as great goodness (whereof themselves have shared) in putting that instinct into little children to provide for themselves, and that power in nature to accom­modate their need with food suting their weak estates, and that love and pity in parents to understand their meaning by instinct.

3 When for my part I take view and seriouslyWhen I consider thy Heavens, the work of thy fingers, the Moon and the Starrs which thou hast or­dained. [Page 24] consider that wonderfull workmanship of thine, the Heavens with their infinite height, and vast extent, and the world of great and weighty Clouds that pass and repass therein, and those foresaid Lights of Moon and Starres, which thou hast appointed to move in their courses, and appear in their Seasons, and to give Light and influence down below.

What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man that thou visitest him?4 It maks me thankfully acknowledg, and wonder at that great goodness thou hast shewed to man above all (how unsensible soever others are of it) whom thou madest out of dust and clay, that thou shouldest set so much by him, as to create and ordain such things for his use, and shouldest further have such con­tinuall regard to him (that is of such ill desert by sin, and so little worth by nature, frail and mortall, sub­ject to generation and corruption) as to exercise such a daily care and providence over him from first to last, and to redeem him out of his lost estate by ta­king his nature.

For thou hast made him a little low­er than the Angels, & hast crowned him with glory and honour.5 For, notwithstanding all these superexcellent and permanent creatures, yet hast thou given him, and re­newed unto him the principal place in the order of creation next the Angels, honouring him with a great­er dominion and likeness to thy self, in heavenly and angelical qualities than any thing but they, and made him capable of that celestial and everlasting glory and happiness which they enjoy with thee by the re­demption which thou hast afforded him in Christ, who himself became lower than the Angels by suffer­ing in our nature, that he might invest him with a title to heaven and the glory and happiness that is there, which in virtue of his resurrection he is already pos­sessed of for him.

[Page 25]6 And restore him again to his dominion over the creature,Thou madest him to have dominion o­ver the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet. having as at first put the rule of all terrestri­all things into his hands, though they were made by thee and not by him, and hast subordinated every creature to his use and regiment.

7 The multitude of sheep and neat that are every where in the world,All sheep and Oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field. yea, both tame and wild beasts are subjugated to his dominion, and ordained for his service.

8 The fowl that flee above him yet are subjected under him,The fowl of the aire, and the fish of the sea, and whatsoe­ver passeth through the paths of the sea. and the fish that inhabit the great, vast, and deep seas, and live and move there invisibly to man, are yet ordained for him, and subordinated to him.

9 O Lord, whom we must needs acknowledge to be Lord over us,O Lord, our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! though thou hast made us Lords over all, its admirable to consider how many wayes, and in how many and sundry things thy wisdom, power, providence, greatness and goodness excels to­wards mankind by what thou hast provided for him, and doest bestow upon him, furnishing every place both above and below throughout the whole world with infinite store and variety of all good creatures for his sake.

Ninth PSALM.

David breaks out into a joyful and faithful praising of God for his many won­derful deliverances, his enemies overthrows, and his executing judgement according to the justness of his cause and his enemies wickedness; shew­ing his adversaries by the success, the difference between their trust and his, and the different judgement that righteousness and unrighteousness shall ever have from God, encouraging all Gods people to take notice of what he hath done for him, thereby to strengthen their faith for themselves. He prais­eth the Lord and excites others to it, who when the time cometh will punish [Page 26] the oppressor, and right the oppressed. And after praises given for former victories, having further need of his help because of more enemies, he praies him still to be his deliverer, that still he may have farther matter of praise, and rejoycing in him. Stirring up all men to take notice of the admirable defeats God hath given to his wicked enemies, and that so all the Churches enemies shall be served. Concluding with prayer to God, not to suffer him­self to be wounded in his honour through his sides by his proud enemies.

Psalm. 9. To the chief musici [...]n upon Muth-labben. A Psalm of David. To him that is most skilful upon the instrument Muth-labben so called (some conceive) from the victory he had in the duel fought with Goliah) to which this Psalm is chiefly set, do I David that made it, recommend it, for the care and ordering of it in the Quire.

I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart, I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.1 O Lord I have often praied to thee, and al­waies sped so well, as that now I will praise thee with as good a heart and will, as ever I praied unto thee for my preservation in my greatest danger, and will let the world know, what wonderfull things thou hast done for me from time to time, by dedica­ting a Psalm of praise to thee for them.

I will be glad and rejoyce in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most high.2 I will wonderfully chear up my heart in the ap­prehensions of thy favour to me so amply manifested, and will with publick praises glorifie thy power and goodness which have appeared in thy marvellous works. O God, of infinite might and Majesty.

When mine ene­mies are turned back, they shall fall and pe­rish at thy presence.3 Mine enemies though they vex me sore and per­secute me long, yet when the time comes that thou wilt foil them, then they shall be able to make no resi­stance, but in thy just displeasure shall certeinly come to nought.

For thou hast maintained my right and my cause, thou [...]atest in the throne judgeing right.4 As hath been already made apparent, for maugre their power and malice, thou hast still hitherto main­tained and manifested my title to the Kingdom to be just, & my cause to be honest, by thy righteous judge­ments; [Page 27] whereby thou hast made it appear more than once, that thou art, and wilt prove thy self a righte­ous judge.

5 Thou hast punished all that were against me,Thou hast rebu­ked the heathen, thou hast destroied the wicked; thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. whether they were my heathen and forraign enemies that knew less what they did, yet they have smarted for it, or my wicked countreymen and domestick foes, who should have had more understanding, them therefore hast thou quite destroied, and divested of all their power and authority, and cut of all title to the throne of Israel from them and their posterity for ever.

6 O thou mine implacable enemy,O thou enemy destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroi­ed cities, their memo­ry is perished with them. that wouldest never be reconciled till thou wast ruined, which now thou art, and all thy destructive plots and practises with thee, never to trouble me more; Both them­selves and the great Cities, and Fortresses they build­ed for to establish their dominion, and eternize their name, hast thou, Lord, destroied, and caused them and their memorials to perish for ever.

7 But the Lord who is my city of refuge abides for ever for me to trust in;But the Lord shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgement. He shews now that he hath not been idle all the while he seemed so, but hath been fitting himself to execute judgement when the time shall come, as now it is.

8 And the wicked of the world shall ever find it so,And he shall judge the world in righte­ousnesse, he shall mi­nister judgement to the people in uprightness. that though they think him remiss, and careless how things go, yet they shall find that he is not so, but with most perfect wisdom, righteousness and inte­grity will judge and punish the wicked, all the world over sooner or later.

9 And so also on the other side shall the poor and innocent when they are unjustly oppressed,The Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble. (however [Page 28] they may likewise think him regardless) yet shall they not find him so, but if they flee to him, & trust in him, he will be a refuge to them, yea then, when because of extremity they most need it, and can least think or exspect it.

And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, Lord, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.10 And truly they that know thy power and goodness, and have had triall of it, will venture all upon thee. For, for my part I am able to say it, that as I have sought to thee and none but thee, so thou hast never failed mine exspectation, nor been unfaithful to my trust, but according to my praier and dependance have I ever found thee helpful to me, and so shall others.

Sing praises to the Lord, which dwel­leth in Sion: declare among the people his doings.11 O ye Ministers of his worship to whom I have recommended this Psalm of praise. Lift up your voices in praises to the Lord, that hath chosen Sion for the place of his special residence and solemn wor­ship, where accordingly you celebrate it, let the peo­ple that resort thither hear you sing aloud his mar­veilous doings, that they may also learn to praise him, and trust in him.

When he ma­keth inquisition for blood, he remembreth them; he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.12 When the time cometh that mens sins are ripe, and that he will call them to accompt and reckon with them for the bloud of the innocent, which they have unjustly shed or coveted, he will then make it ap­pear, that he remembers to right the wrongs of them that trust in him, and seek to him, and forgets not the cry of the afflicted, that in singleness of heart and poverty of spirit makes his humble addresses to him, as to his onely refuge.

Have mercy up­on me, O Lord, consi­der my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death.13 Though I have had many deliverances and thou hast given me great cause to praise thee for rid­ding me of a world of enemies, yet I am not without, [Page 29] but still have those that hate me, and of meer malice vex and trouble me, so that I suffer much by them; good Lord, still continue to be merciful to me and to deliver me, thou, that many and many a time hast de­livered me, when mine enemies had brought me to that pass that I knew not which way to turn me, but death and destruction waited for me on every side.

14 That I may muster up all thy mercies and praisefully proclaim them in the publick assemblies of Sion,That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daugh­ter of Sion: I will re­joyce in thy salvation. the place which of all Israel and Jerusalem thou hast chosen for thy publick and solemn worship. Yea there I will most joyfully make known thy saving grace and favour to me.

15 Thou hast vanquished the heathen,The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid, is their own foot taken. and disap­pointed their plots and designs against me, having en­snared them in the ruine they meant to me.

16 All men that have eyes may see that thou favo­rest me,The Lord is known by the judge­ment which he execu­teth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Hig­gaion, Selah. and may be convinced that it is onely thy doing that mine enemies are foiled, by the manner of thy effecting it, and thine executing such wonderful and admirable judgments upon them, making their own wicked enterprises against me, the means to bring to pass their own destruction; I cannot but extraordi­narily put men on seriously to mind and muse on this thy remarkable providence. Yea again and again I wish they would well consider this thing.

17 And mark how my foes perish,The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God. even so shall all the wicked of the world that rebel against Christ, and resist his government, and oppress his innocent and righteous people, perish eternally in hell; even all the nations of the world, that know not God to serve him and believe in him, like as the hea­then [Page 30] people hereabout that take up arms against me, come to ruine.

For the needy shall not always be forgotten: the ex­spectation of the poor shall not perish for ever.18 For though God may defer his judgeing the wicked, and his delivering the poor and needy that trust in him, very long, for so he did me; yet will he not ever do so, either first or last there will come a time when the poor afflicted ones shall be sure of what they have long praied and looked for.

Arise, O Lord, let not man prevail, let the heathen be judged in thy sight.19 Thou O Lord hast long forborn the heathen, but truely they are grown now to that greatness and insolency, that if thou doest not shew thy self in my behalf, they will have the better of me, and so of thee whose quarrel I maintain; Therefore look thou to it that they which are but men, get not the better of thee, by vanquishing me, but by thy judgements upon them, let them plainly see its thou that con­demnest them, and justifies me.

Put them in fear, O Lord: that the nations may know themselves to be but men. Selah.20 O Lord, by thy judgements upon them make them afraid to hold on their course of enmity and op­position against me, by seeing thee to take part with me, and so cause them to know by their ill success, that for all their great power and multitudes of peo­ple, they are too weak by humane strength (which yet they trust in, as if it were more) to resist thee, whose cause I maintain, and fight for. Yea, Lord, make them know it to purpose.

Tenth PSALM.

David represents to God his own and his peoples condition generally in this world, under the insolent confidence of the wicked, heaping unmeasura­ble pressures upon the godly, by reason of his long-suffering towards them, which makes them worse and not better, as he finds by experience in his persecutors Saul and his complices. And therefore praies the Lord to ap­pear for his people against them that do but abuse his patience, and doubts not but he will, even destroy the Churches enemies, as he did the Cananites for Israels sake,Psalm 10. being the same God in pittie and power now as ever.

1, 2 MOst merciful and righteous Lord,WHy standest thou afar of, O Lord? why hidest thou thy self in times of trouble? why art thou contrarie to thy nature and promise, a stranger to the trouble of thy people, me, and others; and takest no knowledge of it to help us in it,The wicked in his pride doth perse­cute the poor: let them be taken in the devices, that they have imagined. but seem­eth to let the wicked afflict the godly without regard, who by thy forbearance is heightned exceedingly in wickednes, and takes a pride to vex and trample down the poor, thinking to make themselves great by op­pression, but, Lord, do thou blast and utterly disappoint their wicked designs against them that are good, and do thou turn all the evil they unjustly imagine against the innocent upon the nocent.

3 And truly its time for thee to shew thy self,For the wicked boasteth of his hearts desire, and blesseth the covetous, whom the Lord abhorreth. for men grow shameless in wickednes, and are confident by those courses to carrie all before them, thinking meanly of all good men, and the ways they walk, that are not as wicked and worldly minded as themselves, esteeming those onely wise and happie that heap up riches, and grow great by hook or crook, whom yet the Lord abhors and counts the greatest fools.

4 The wicked have had such a time of it against the godly,The wicked through the pride of his countenance, will not seek after God: God is not in all his thoughts. and therewith are grown so high-minded, and self-confident, that he never cares whether God be [Page 32] with him or against him, he thinks least of him, or sets least by him, of any thing.

His ways are al­ways grievous: thy judgements are far above out of his sight.5 Leading a life as if there were no God, for his whole trade and course is composed of nothing else but disobedience to God and injurie to men, and be­cause he feels not thy judgements, he is therefore fear­less, and thinks they will never befal him, but that he is safe enough, not caring a jot, but setting at nought both God, and all that take Gods part with me a­gainst him.

He hath said in his heart, I shall not be moved: for I shall never be in adversity.6 And hath fully concluded in the pride of his heart, and confidence of his present condition, that he shall never be worse than he is, but shall ever prosper, and never taste of misfortune.

His mouth is full of cursing and deceit, and fraud: under his tongue is mischief and vanitie.7 He stands in no aw of God, nor scruples no sin, but gives libertie of speech to himself to curse, swear, and forswear, lie and dissemble, in so much as that he is altogether conversant in mischievous speeches, and self confident boastings, not any truth or good comes from him.

He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily [...]et against the poor.8 He every where fore-laids me, lying in wait near high ways, and neighbour Towns, to catch me, and seeks in holes and corners where he thinks I hide my self or may pass by, to find me out and murder me without any cause given, watching diligently all opportunities and means to take me at unawares, who am poor and friendless.

He lieth in wait secretly as a Lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor, he doth cat [...]h the poor: when he draweth him into his net.9 He is as greedily affected and as cruelly disposed towards me as a Lion to his prey; seeking all advan­tages against me, never regarding mine innocencie and the unjust sufferings he exposeth me to, studying by all means possible to seduce and to entrap me in my simplicitie, that he may circumvent me to destroy me.

[Page 33]10 And as proud as he is,He croucheth, and humbleth himself; that the poor may fall by his strong ones. yet in subtilty he can a­base himself and with glavering speeches, and faw­ning behaviour indirectly endeavour the overthrow of the innocent and distressed, that by fair pretences he may deceive and bring them under his power, and execute his rage upon them by the hands of his priva­do's, desperate Assassinats.

11 And in all this is confident of impunitie,He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face, he will never see it. taking for granted, because at present he perceives not God, to mind him, that therefore he never will, but as he thinks whats past is forgotten, so he shall speed no worse for the time to come.

12 But Lord let him find it otherways by some manifestation of thy self in judgement,Arise, O Lord, O God lift up thine hand; forget not the humble. good God have a care of thine honour and mine innocence, and other thy people who are concerned in me, yea, of thy whole Church which is resembled by me, by exe­cuting some remarkable judgement, and let not the world have cause to think thee careless of the afflicted, that humbly depend upon thee.

13 Why shouldest thou by thy forbearance give the wicked such occasion to insult over thee,Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require it. and slight thy judgements, confidently promising himself, that thou wilt never call him to an account for what he does.

14 But its sure enough that thou takest notice of the mischievous and spiteful carriage of the wicked both against God,Thou hast seen it, for tho [...] beholdest mischief and spite to require it with thy hand: the poor com­mitteth himself unto thee, thou art the [...]e [...] ­per of the fatherless. and those that are godly, for what ever, they think yet I know thou precisely markest them to pay them home with condigne punishment, in the faith whereof it is, that the poor afflicted man, I, and others that in this world must look to fare as I do, puts himself and his cause over into thine hands [Page 34] to be righted, for that thou art the helper of the help­less and distressed against oppressors.

Break thou the arm of the wicked, and the evil man: seek out his wick [...]dness till thou find none.15 Weaken thou the power of the wicked wherein he so much trusteth, and which he imploys to evil purposes, trase him quite through the course and trade of his iniquities, even to the uttermost end of them, and punish him accordingly.

The Lord is King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.16 The Lord that governs his Church and people hath approved himself, and ever wil, to be the supream commander, and disposer of all, and over all, for their sakes as appears by his wonderful works; for how hath he destroyed the heathen in this land? which he pro­mised to bestow upon Israel, and made it holy of pro­phane, in so much as they are wasted to just nothing who were potent and numerous; and his worship and worshippers planted in it, maugre their resistance, af­ter that sort shall he do by the enemies of his Church and people, destroy them, as these.

Lord, thou hast heard the desire of the humble: thou wilt prepare their heart, thou wilt cause thine ear to hear.17 For it hath been alwayes Gods manner to trie his peoples faith and patience, till they see a need of him, and make their humble addresses to him, and then to help them. Yea, when he has a purpose and sees it time to work their deliverance, and destroy their enemies, then doth he inspire them with a more than ordinarie spirit of prayer and faith to seek and hope for those very things?

To judge the fa­therless and the op­pressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.18 Which shall certainly come to pass, for there­fore hath God deferred it, and always doth, until most remarkably for his peoples greater good, and his grea­ter glorie he may vindicate their oppressions, and en­franchise them from under the tyrannie of their op­pressors, who when they are at the highest in carnal confidence, and the godly at the lowest in worldly [Page 35] diffidence, thats Gods time to rescue these, and ruin those.

The xi. PSALM.

David by protesting his trust in God, silences his companions, and rejects the advice they gave him to save himself by flight, and give over expecting the Kingdom, disswades them from disheartning him, and shews how he no whit doubteth, but by the justice of God, his wicked enemies for all their malicious designs upon him, should perish in their wickednes, and that he should be sustained in his uprightnes.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire do I David that made this Psalm recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung. Psalm xi. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David.

1 IN the Lord whom I know to be a sufficient safe­guard,IN the Lord put [...] my trust: how say ye to my soul, flee as a bird to your mountain. do I trust to fulfil his promise. How then is it that you my companions dispair, and to the grief of my soul counsel me distrustfully to give all for lost, abandon the cause, and never more to look after it, but how to save my self.

2 For though its true the power and malice of mine enemies is great:For lo, the wic­ked bend their bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string: that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart. yet consider this, They are wicked and manage an unrighteous cause, malici­ously seeking my destruction, whom they in their own consciences know to be upright and innocent, and therefore I am confident it shall turn to theirs.

3 Do not ye tempt me by despair to relinquish a righteous cause,If the foundati­ons be destroyed; what can the righteous do? and to distrust a righteous God. For faith and an upright heart are the onely foundations that a righteous man hath to support himself withall, and if you undermine them, you quite undoe him.

4 Be confident of this therefore,The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lords throne is in heaven; his eyes be­hold, his eye lids trie the children of men. that God is nei­ther absent nor idle, but is present in his tabernacle here below, to hear the prayer of the righteous and af­flicted, [Page 36] and also sits a judge in heaven above, strictly noticing thence the ways of men, beholding who does right, and wrong.

The Lord trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence, his soul hateth.5 The Lord takes special notice of the righteous man, and his cause, to approve both him and it, but as for the unrighteous and cruel persecutor, he hates him at his heart, and so he shall find.

Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: this shall be the por­tion of their cup.6 For however the wicked may go on in their evil ways for a time, yet God shall overtake them, with an unexpected storm of judgements, wherein their sins shall ensnare them, even as he did Sodom and Go­morrha. God will fearfully execute his wrath upon them. This shall certainly be their reward, and here­with shall their cup be filled to the brim, and they made to drink it to the bottom.

For the righteous Lord loveth righte­ousnes, his counte­nan [...]e doth behold the upright.7 For God who is just hates injustice, and onely loves and liketh righteous ways and causes, so as to bless and prosper them, as also amongst men, the up­right and innocent are onely they he beholds with fa­vour and affection to reward and defend them.

The xii. PSALM.

David cries to God to succour him against the treacherous dealing of feigned friends. And upon his prayer promiseth himself by Gods just judgement the ruin both of his undermining and insulting enemies, and also his own de­liverance from their oppression and pride: Magnifying the promises of God for their faithfulnes, he encourageth all Gods people to trust in God, and in conclusion shews the reason why his enemies were so many and so treacher­ous, because they that could work him most mischief, had most favour.

Psalm xii. To the chief musician upon Sheminith. A Psalm of David. To him that is most skilful in the eighth tune or up­on the instrument with eight strings, called She­minith; whereto this Psalm is chiefly set, do I Da­vid that made it recommend it.

HElp Lord, for the godly man ceaseth, for the faithful fail from among the children o [...] men.1 O Lord, in thy faithfulnes succour me, for I am left alone to serve thee, all men forsaking God [Page 37] and me, deceitfully studying by all manner of trea­cherous dealing to work wickednes against me.

2 I know not any one I can trust be he never so neer me,They speak vanitie every one with hi [...] neighbour: with flattering lips, and wit [...] a double heart [...] they speak. I find all men so full of feigned friendship, such lying dissemblers, practising nothing but flatte­ry and falshood.

3 But my confidence is,The Lord shall cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that speaketh proud things. that though I cannot know them to avoid them, yet the righteous God will be meet with them, and by their own ruin disappoint them of their ends against me; both the dissembler and the proud boaster, that either seeks to deceive me or sets light by me, and my righteous cause, will he preserve me from, and right me upon.

4 Who have arrogantly boasted themselves to be too cunning for me,Who have said, with our tongue will we prevail, our lips are our own: who is Lord over us? and confidently given it out they will deceive and entrap me; presuming themselves lawless in all they say, or do, though never so false, and not accountable to any, no not to God himself, whom they disesteem for my sake.

5 But this shall be the issue.For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needie, now will I arise (saith the Lord) I will set him in safetie from him, that puffeth at him. That when they have done their worst, and their hopes be at the fairest: Then will God, beholding mine oppression and wrong, and hearing my prayer, arise for me (as he hath pro­mised) and deliver me from the disdainful pride and malice of my scornful and wicked enemies.

6 The promises which the Lord hath given to me,The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried in a fur­nace of earth, purified seven times. and to his people, have no deceit in them, but are most true and faithful ones, I have had often trial of them in my manifold afflictions, and I ever found them so.

7 And I dare affirm it of thee,Thou shalt keep them, (O Lord,) thou shalt preserve them from this Generation for ever. (O righteous Lord,) thou wilt ever be to all them that trust in thee a faith­ful keeper and preserver in all ages hereafter, as thou [Page 38] hast been to me, whom thou hast made an example of thy truth and goodness to all Generations.

The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are ex­alted.8 But no wonder, there are so many wicked wretches that set themselves on every side, and use all means to procure my ruin, seeing they that can work most wickednes against me be they never so base and vile, are most set by, and best rewarded.

The xiii. PSALM.

David [...]xpostulates with God touching his long delay in fulfilling his promis [...]s, and his undergoing such miseries, whilest his enemies prosper. Whereupon he prayes him to lay his case to heart, and that timely too, least death sur­prize him before he enjoy the promise, and so his enemie take occasion to blasphem [...] and insult at his downfal. After which prayer his heart is refreshed with a fresh gail of saith, wherein he confidently promises him­self deliverance,Psalm xiii. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David. and God the praises of it.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, do I David that made this Psalm recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

HOw long wilt thou forget me (O Lord) for e­ver? how long wilt thou hide thy face from me?1 MAny gracious promises hast thou made me, but how long, Lord, shall I waite for their ac­complishment? will they never be fulfild? how long wilt thou exercise me under adversitie?

How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart daily? how long shall mine ene­mies be exalted over me?2 How long shall my soul be off and on, tossed between hope and dispair, not knowing what to think of my self and thee, by reason of mine incessant mise­ries, notwithstanding all thy promises. How long wilt thou suffer mine enemie to have the better, and I the worse?

Consider and hear me, O Lord my God, lighten mine eyes, least I sleep the sleep of death.3 Consider my case and hear my prayer, O Al­mightie and most merciful Lord God, and give me betimes to see thy faithfulnes by my deliverance, least by extremitie of grief and trouble death cut me short of thy promise.

Lest mine ene­mies say I have pre­vailed against him, and those that trouble me, rejoyce when I am moved.4 Yea least my wicked enemie insult and say; for [Page 39] all the promises which thou hast made, and my confi­dence in them, the day is his, and those that have long sought my ruin, rejoyce to see it.

5 But yet for all my present perplexities,But I have trusted in thy mercie, my heart shall rejoyce in thy salvation. and mine enemies insolencies, as I have, so I do still firmly trust that thou wilt shew me mercie, and am confident, that my heart shall one day have as much joy (as now it has sorrow) in a gracious and glorious deliverance.

6 I know the time shall come when I shall and will endite a Psalm of praise to thee the Lord,I will sing unto the Lord, because he hath dealt bountifully with me. for fulfil­ling those great things thou hast promised, which I am as confident of, as if they were now done.

The xiiii. PSALM.

David speaking in the wisdom of the holy Ghost, befools the wisdom of all flesh, which in all men naturally out of an enmitie and misunderstanding of God, leads onely unto sin, and professedly hates those few in the world whom God hath renewed, in stead of seeking to become such themselves. But he shews, that they both have and shall certainly smart for that sin of cont [...]mpt and hatred of Gods people that serve and trust him, and praies, that God would presently by him give tranquillitie to his people, as Christ shall to his Church.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm xiii. To the chief musici­an, A Psalm of Da­vid. do I David that made this Psalm recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 MAn by his fall hath lost,THe fool hath said in his heart, there is no God: they are cor­rupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doth good. and naturally is void of the right understanding of God, believing nothing so of him as he is, and so makes him as if he were not. And out of this depraved ignorance all na­tural men live in sin, and from the beginning have multiplied abominations; not one either is, or ever was, that by nature, without special and supernatural grace, ever knew or served the Lord aright.

2 The Lord made a long trial of it in the first ageThe Lord looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did un­derstand, and seek God. [Page 40] of the world in that time of nature between Adam and the giving of the Law, purposely to see what it of it self would bring forth, and how improve the talent that age afforded, whether there were any one of all mankind that could and would improve it to the knowledge, belief, and worship of him; or for default, by nature to make out to him for grace.

They are all gone aside, they are all to­gether become filthy: there is none that doth good, no not one.3 But he found by long experience, notwithstanding his documents to, and judgements upon the old world, and so he finds still. That all men are naturally fools, void of understanding, and generally without excep­tion of polluted hearts and lives, loathsome in his sight; that none in nature does that which is right and acceptable, no not a man of all mankind, nor covets grace.

Have all the wor­kers of iniquitie no knowledge? who eat up my people as they eat bread, and call not upon the Lord.4 In so much as God himself admired to see all men by nature void of the knowledge of him, and of them­selves in relation to him, and wholly given over to sin and carnalitie; yea, even to the hatred and devour­ing those few in the world that are the people of God, upon whom he hath bestowed his favour and grace, and that differing from them, walk in holines and righteousnes; never taking thought to do, or be like them; neither themselves of themselves by nature worshipping God, nor seeking to God for the like grace and inablement that those had given them; but contemned it, and hated them.

There were they in great fear: for God is in the generation of the righteous.5 Which at last brought fearful desolation upon them when the floud came and swept them all away. Like measure shall the wicked contemners and haters of God and his worshippers have, they shall find, that God, who by his spirit and grace throughout all ages is in the righteous, will also be for them, and against those that are against them.

[Page 41] You h [...]ve shamed the counsel of the poor; because the Lord is his refuge.6 You graceless and wicked ones of this age take notice of it, that have persecuted the poor and help­less, and scorned him as a hairbrain fool for trusting so nakedly upon the Lord, and bearing himself upon him without humane probabilities, for deliverance and establishment.

7 But,O that the salva­tion of Israel were come out of Sion! when the Lord bring­eth back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall reioyce, and Is­rael shall be glad. O that the time were come, which I am sure will come, and is not long too, that God will, by mine enemies ruin, settle my Kingdom in Sion, as a Type of Christs in heaven; and then and there by me send de­liverance and happines to his people Israel, as he will thence by him send salvation to his Church. When God shall have thus delivered them from their ene­mies, and out of their present troubles, as formerly he did out of their captivities, into peace and tranquilli­ty, as his Church by Christ shall be from wrath and hell; how shall the faithful and true Israel of God, who properly are the seed of his servant Jacob, rejoyce proportionably in the type, to what they shall then in the Antitype.

The xv. PSALM.

David d [...]sirous to convince and convert the f [...]rm [...] professor, or outward J [...]y, of, and from, an overweening conceit and mistaken apprehension of hims [...]lf and his ceremonious worship. As a Prophet goes to God by way of question, to know of him and so to deliver from him who he is that is in his account a true worsh [...]pper of him, and is and shall be partaker of his grace and glo­rie. And brings answer, that its he, and only he, that in the sight of God is as well conscientious of the moral as of the ceremonial law, practizing as well righteousness as holines, in all manner converse and commerce with men, in thought, words, and actions.

A Psalm made by David. Psalm xv. A Psalm of David.

1 LOrd there are many pretenders to thy service and frequenters of thy Tabernacle worship,LOrd, who shall abide in thy ta­bernacle? who shall dwell in thy ho­ly hill? that take themselves to be of the Church, because they are in it, but thou knowest that many are of Israel that are [Page 42] not Israel. Therefore declare by me thy prophet, who, and what manner of man he must be that is an Israe­lite indeed; a true worshipper of thee, and savingly im­planted into the true Church, ever to abide in thy Kingdom of grace here, and of glorie hereafter.

He that walketh uprightly, and work­eth righteousnes, and speaketh the truth in his heart.2 Why, no wicked man, nor bare professor or meer ceremonial worshipper that is but seemingly holy: But he, and he onely, that in conscience to God carries on the whole trade of his life holily and righteously both in duties of pietie, and acts of moralitie, in com­mon converse and commerce 'twixt man and man; doing what he does justly and honestly, without fraud and deceit, and saying what he says in truth, from his heart without dissembling.

He that back­biteth not with his tongue, nor doth evil to his neighbour, nor taketh up a reproch against his neighbour.3 Doing injurie to no man by undermining his good name, and sliely seeking his disreputation by insinua­ting and speaking ill of him behind his back, yea, that neither in word or deed doth willingly disparage or disprofit any man, nor is well pleased another should, not itching after tales and reports to other mens dispa­ragement and aspersion, nor being over credulous of them when he hears them to the lessening their cre­dit, but in all things is careful to do, as he would be done by, counting every man his neighbour, and walk­ing thereafter in doing good and not evil to all.

In whose eyes a [...]le person is con­temned, but he ho­noureth them that fear the Lord: he that sweareth to his own hurt, and changeth not.4 He that gives no countenance or encouragement to wickednes and wicked men, but declares himself a­gainst it, and them, for its sake: contrarily having in great esteem, and shewing good respect to them that are known to be holy and good; and is careful to walk unblameably, and therefore is so tender of his word, as that if he have promised or sworn any lawful thing, he will keep it though it be to his disadvantage, rather than falsifie.

[Page 43]5 He that violates not the Laws of charitie,He that putted: not out his money to usurie, nor taketh re­ward against the in­nocent. He that doth these things shall ne­ver be moved. and ju­stice, but having it by him, lends freely to them that need, intending their commoditie and not his own. And that in office or judicature gives judgement up­rightly, not suffering himself to be perverted by bribe­ry to wrong the innocent. He that thus walks is no formalist, nor Hipocr [...] or cast-away, but is the truly godly man that is blessed for ever with saving grace, and assurance of glorie.

The xvi. PSALM.

David having praied for divine preservation shews he expects to be saved by Gods goodnes, and not his own, which onely is gratuitous not meritorious. Then he shews the vanitie and miserie of false religion and worship, which he for his part disclain [...]s, and by faith chuses to be happie in God onely. Blessing God that hath by his word and spirit given him the wisdom to be­lieve in him. Which stablishes his heart in peace during life, and in assured hope after death, touching perseverance to the end, and heaven in the end.

A Psalm made and set by David to a special tune cal­led Michtam.Psalm xvi. Michtam of David.

1 O God of power uphold me from falling from thee,PReserve me O God: for in thee do I put my trust. & lead me on in the knowledge, love, & o­bedience of thy truth to the end, for on thee only & on thy good grace do I trust for preservatiō unto salvatiō.

2 My soul hath firmly entred covenant with thee,O my soul, thou hast said unto the Lord; Thou art my Lord, my goodnes ex­tendeth not to thee. and chosen thee for its Lord, to serve thee, and to be saved by thee of thy free mercie, abandoning all worth or goodnes of mine own, as any ways meritorious or beneficial to thee, that needeth nothing, but hast all fulnes and cause of full contentednes in th [...] self alone.

3 Onely to thy children and sanctified ones here on earth do I labour to express my gratitude,But to the s [...]ints that are in the earth, and to the excellent in whom is all my de­light. by what of­fices of love and respect I can shew for thy sake, as they that to me are most excellent of all men in the world, be their outward condition never so mean, being happy to be a fellow servant and true worshipper of thee a­mongst them.

[Page 44] Their sorrows shall be multiplied, that hasten after ano­ther God: their drink-offerings of bloud will I not offer, nor take up their names into my lips.4 Discomfort and destruction, insted of peace and salvation shall be heaped upon them, that forsaking thee, have their hearts set upon any other God. For my part I renounce all but thee, and will serve, and sa­crifice to thee alone, and will have nothing to do with their false worship, nor once open my lips to any God but thee to swear by him, or to pray to him.

The Lord is the portion of mine inhe­ritance, and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.5 With the Lord alone am I well satisfied, a singular portion & rich inheritance do I account my knowledge of him, & interest in him, thou art full content to me, in thee and by thee shall I be ever happie & blessed, when other men of other confidences shall be miserable.

The lines are fal­len unto me in plea­sant places: yea, I have a goodly heri­tage.6 In having thee for my God I have my hearts de­sire, and think my self enriched beyond all earthly pleasures and profits, which many in the world have, which have not thee.

I will bless the Lord, who hath given me counsel: my reins also instruct me in the night seasons.7 I will ever bless and praise the Lord for revealing to me in his word the way of life and salvation, when others sit in darknes and in the shadow of death, and also teaching me effectually by the inward and secret inspiration and whisperings of his spirit, consciously to walk in it, when as others that know it externally for want of inspiration, do wander from it.

I have set the Lord alwayes before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved.8 In what condition soever I have been, I have still kept the eye of my faith full upon God, and not suffer­ed it to take to other things, and because I make God my support, and lean so wholly upon him, I know he will not deceive my confidence, but will sustain me in his favour, and support me with his power and grace for ever, till he bring me to glorie.

Therefore my heart is glad, and my glorie rejoyceth: my fl [...]sh also shall rest in hope.9 And in the faith hereof my heart is comforted above all worldly sorrows, even to the causing my tongue to break out in holy boastings and praises, that instrument of speech, wherein man transcends other creatures. [Page 45] Yea in this confidence I dare die as well as live, and by virtue of it, cheerfully bequeath my body to the grave in certain expectation of a blessed resurrection thence.

10 For as thou wilt enable Christ (whose type I am,For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither [...]ilt thou suffer thine holy one to see corruption. and who shall spring from me) to overcome all his suf­ferings, and preserve him who is thy beloved son, and solely without sin, from the putrefaction which all men else that are sinners must sustain in the grave, making him to triumph over death, who is the resurrection and the life. So by Christ shall I be set free in soul and body from wrath and mortality, by a glorious resurre­ction to immortality and life.

11 Yea thou wilt teach me the way of life and salvation,Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is ful­ness of joy, at thy right hand there are pleasures for ever­more. and lead me in it, until thou bring me into thy heavenly presence, to partake and be possessed of those soul-satisfying and substantial joyes that are there, and of those everlasting and immortal plea­sures, which Christ the head of his Church at thy right hand hath to bestow on all his glorified mem­bers.

The xvii. PSALM.

David (probably when he was in the cave encompassed by Saul) makes his prayer and appeal to God, impartially pleading his innocency against his enemies. Further testifies, that in conscience to God he durst never do as he was done by, nor praies he never may, but commits his matter over to God in prayer, to be righted by him, and delivered from the violence of his proud outragious enemies in his extream straights. And again presseth hard upon the Lord to shew himself for him against them that have no interest in his special and saving favour, (onely share in his common mercies) which he hath, and prizeth as an happiness above all,

[Page 46] Psalm 17. A prayer of David. A Psalm of David in way of prayer.

Hear the right, O Lord, attend unto my cry, give ear unto my prayer that goeth not out of feigned lips.1 THou that art a righteous God, hear the prayer of the righteous and innocent person, heed my humble and vehement supplication, let my prayer have audience, which speaks nothing but truth of my self and enemies.

Let my sentence come forth from thy presence: let thine eyes behold the things that are equal.2 Judge thou my cause against mine adversaries by clearing mine innocency, behold the wrong I sustain, and by thy just judgements do me right upon them according to my righteousness.

Thou hast proved mine heart, thou hast vi [...]ited me in the night, thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing. I am purposed that my mouth shall not trans­gre [...].3 Mine integrity is not unknown to thee, for thou hast searched mine heart as well as seen mine actions, thou hast put me upon the scrutiny and discovery of my self in my most retired thoughts; yea, in thought, word, and deed, hast thou tried me; and sifted me through great and many afflictions, and neither hast, nor shalt find unrighteousness in me; for I am (by thy blessed assistance) fully purposed, as to think, so, to speak the truth in all uprightness, and not to seek mine advantage by lying and dissembling as do mine ene­mies.

Concerning the works of men, by the word of thy lips, I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.4 Concerning the wrongs they have done me, I have been careful for all their unjust provocations to walk by the rule of thy word, not rendring evil for evil, nor requiting their injurious cruelty with the like, though it lay in my power.

Hold up my go­ings in thy paths, that my footsteps slip not.5 And so Lord inable me ever to do, to walk after thy word, that I may never erre from thy truth, nor by sinning forfeit my well doing, and good success in the end, which by thy promise in the way of obedi­ence I am sure of.

I have called up­on thee, for thou wilt hear me, O God: in­cline thine ear unto me, & hear my speech.6 I have made thee my confidence, and ever ad­dressed [Page 47] me to thee, for I know and believe according to thy promise thou wilt hear and do for me; now Lord is a fit time and a needful, I pray thee therefore withdraw not thy self, but be intreated to take notice of me, and to hear mine instant prayer.

7 Shew thy love to me in marvellously delivering me,Shew thy marvel­lous loving kindness, O thou that savest by thy right hand, them which put their trust in thee, from those that rise up against them. and fulfilling the wonderful things thou hast pro­mised me; O Lord, that usest to imploy thy power for their preservation that trust in thee, for deliverance from them that unjustly oppress them.

8 Do thou Lord watch carefully over me that am dear to thee,Keep me as the apple of the eye: hide me under the shadow of thy wings. and in tender compassion preserve thy weak and innocent one.

9 From them that unjustly seek my ruine,From the wicked that oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me a­bout. and pur­sue me to the death with mighty ods of power and strength.

10 They bear themselves high in confidence of their own greatness and power,They are inclo­sed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly. wallowing in abun­dance, and give out great swelling words in disdain and contempt of me an abject.

11 They have hunted me and my small company from place to place,They have now compassed us in our steps: they have set their eyes bowing down to the earth: and have now overtaken and be­girt us round, using all diligence to find us out where­soever we hide our selves, that they may destroy us.

12 Greedily,Like as a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places. lion-like gaping after us to prey up­on us, and either by strength or policy utterly to ruine us.

13 Consider my strait O Lord and step into my rescue,Arise, O Lord, disappoint him, cast him down; deliver my soul from the wick­ed, which is (or, as in the margin, by) thy sword. defeat his purpose and disable his power, save my life now endangered by my wicked enemies, and destroy them that would destroy me, by thy might and in thy justice.

14 Save me from men which though they are tooFrom men which are (or, as in the mar­gin, by) thine hand, O Lord, from men of the world, which have their portion in this life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid treasur [...]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their substance to their babes. [Page 48] hard for me, are not able to stand under thy hand O Lord God of power; yea, from such men as care never to see thy face in heaven, nor shall they, on whom thou liberally bestowest temporal favours (for thats all they are to have from thee) as the fat and sweet of the earth, and store of children, to whom they leave store of wealth, and thats all they care for.

As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy like­ness.15 But Lord this is not my care, nor herein consists not my happiness, but in this, that I can appeal to thee, in the faith of thy grace, and the sense of mine own innocency. This is my care and comfort at pre­sent, and I am sure for future I shall be happy when they are miserable, at the day of the resurrection of all flesh, when I shall appear acceptable to thee, cloth­ed in thine Image of holiness and righteousness, which they shall not; and so be received into life and immortality, when they shall be rejected.

The xviii. PSALM.

David having upon the consideration, and view of his great and many bene­fits, first kindled the love of God in his heart, then falls to praising him for them, which he performs with much divine Art and elegancy, in musical Identities, poetical strains, and Hyperbolical allusions, similitudes, and comparisons of his deliverances, for substance with the most wonderful ones that ever God wrought for his Church or servants, by any his notori­ousest miracles. Then he sh [...]ws the ground hereof, to wit, the innocency of his cause, the uprightness of his wayes, and the grace and righteousness of his good God. And thence raises conclusions of future mercies both to himself and others in like case that walk with and depend on the Lord, as he had done, to whom he thankfully ascribes all his preservation, deliverance, vi­ctories, advancement; and promises himself victory for time to come, and enlargement of his dominions (as a type of Christs Kingdom) over as well Heathens as Israelites. And resuming his acknowledgements, above all, he records his deliverance from Saul, as most remarkable and thank-worthy. By all which he gives to understand the ratification of the Kingdom to him [Page 49] by God, and his appointment; to signifie, for the comfort of the faithful, Christs conquests by the power of his father in the Church [...]s behalf, in and over which he shall r [...]ign fo [...] ever.Psalm xviii. To the chief musician a Psalm of David, the servant of the Lord, who spake unto the Lord the words of this song in the day that the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul▪ And he said;

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire is recommended (for the care and ordering of it to be sung) by David whose greatest honour in this his high advancement is, that he is the designed and dedicated servant of the Lord; this Psalm, which he composed at the end of his troubles, when the Lord had delivered him from the power and violence of all his home-bred enemies, but prin­cipally from Saul who was his greatest persecutor, and potent adversary, and made him King in his stead. And upon this occasion he gave thanks and praised God as followeth;

1 AS I have cause so I ever will bear in mind thy mercies,I Will love the [...] ▪ O Lord, my strength. and love thee for them, O Lord; in whom I repose all my trust and stay, and so have ever done.

2 I have bottomed my self on the Lord onely,The Lord is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer: my God, my strength in whom I will trust, my buckler, and the born of my salvation, and my high tower. and made him my defendor, and trusted in him for deli­verance, which he hath sent me. I own him and no other God but him for my God, I will never think my self weak while I have him for my strength, whom I will choose to trust in as mine all in all, my defendor, and mine enemies strong offendor in my be­half, my safeguard from them, and advancer above them.

3 I have often called on the Lord in prayer in mine adversity,I will call upon the Lord, who is wor­thy to be prai [...]ed: so shall I be saved from mine enemies. and now I will change my note and sing a Psalm of praise to him, who is right worthy to be praised by me, for what he hath done for me; and [Page 50] so I shall still be sure of him for my God and Saviour, as well against those that shall be mine enemies, as those that have been.

The sorrows of death compassed me, and the flouds of un­godly men made me a­fraid.4 I have been many times brought into inextrica­ble dangers of death, so that I have even given my self for lost, and have thought it impossible to escape the hands of such a wicked multitude as sought my bloud.

The sorrows of hell compassed me a­bout: the snares of death prevented me.5 Yea, I have made full account of my grave, so near have I been to mine end, in mine own apprehen­sion; I judged it utterly impossible ever to escape the deadly dangers I have been in.

In my distresse I called upon the Lord, and cried unto my God, he heard my prayer out of his Tem­ple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.6 But ever in my distress I made my repair to God, I called to him who I knew was of power to help me, and made my earnest supplication to him, that I believed loved me, and would be good unto me, and accordingly I found it so, for he failed me not, but heard my prayer and answered it from Hea­ven the place of his presence, as shall be the Temple, and was moved by my pitiful case and earnest suppli­cation, which he took special notice of, and ever lent me relief according to it.

Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.7 For thereupon he miraculously delivered me, and wrought wonderfully for me, and against mine enemies; in effect as much, and as marvellously as he did of old either in the punishment or for the terrour of his own people when they rebelled against him and his servant Moses, or at any time for the deliverance of Israel, whether in Egypt, the red sea, wilderness, or since, yea, as conspicuously did he appear for me in the acts of providence and power, as if he had really and in letter created all those revolutions and transmuta­tions in the aire and elements hereafter mentioned, as [Page 51] to instance, when at any time in his wrath he did (or as if he had) sent terrible earth-quakes, that as it were shook the whole earth, and the most unmoveable mountains from top to bottom.

8 And like as when supernaturally he sent forth fire and smoak,There went up a smoak out of his no­strils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. which consumed the ungodly and re­bellious with all they had to ashes, and strangely kind­led and set on fire combustible materials, as natural fire naturally uses to do coals and such like.

9 Or manifested his presence in thick and dark­some clouds,He bowed the heavens also & came down: and darkness was under his feet. descending as it were down to the earth.

10 Or when at any time he used the powerful mi­nistration of Angels and winds,And he rode upon a cherub, and did flie: yea, he did flie upon the wings of the wind. wherewith himself al­so was present.

11 Or terribly appeared by overcasting the aire with an unwonted darkness,He made dark­ness his secret place: his pavilion [...]round a­bout him, were dark watters, and thick clouds of the skies. occasioned by an extraor­dinarie concourse of dark watery clouds all over the skie, benighting the day, and obscuring the sun by their blackness and greatness.

12 And then suddainly changing the face of the heavens from that immensity of darkness,At the bright­ness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail-stones and coals of fire. to such an extraordinary and supernatural brightness which ushered in his presence, as instantly dispelled those foresaid clouds, wherein before he terribly appeared, and then again as terribly in the contrary tempera­ment of the sky, being all of a light fire, by flashes of lightening (which even consumed and burnt up what was combustible) accompanied with showers of hail issuing from those clouds so broken with the bright­ness of his appearing.

13 Or when as the Lord raised terrible thunder­claps in the heavens,The Lord also thundred in the hea­vens, and the highest gave his voice; hail­stones & coals of fire. and sent forth that dreadful voice [Page 52] of his to the amazement of his peoples enemies the Egyptians and others, and therewith powred down upon them hailstones mingled with fire, which beat them, and burnt them up like straw or stubble.

Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scat­tered them; and be shot out lightnings, & discomfited them.14 Yea, when he shot his mortal thunderbolts amongst them, and put them to flight, frighting them out of all order and array, and discharged his swift and penetrating lightnings upon them, and utterly routed and discomfited them.

Then the cha­nels of waters were seen, and the founda­tions of the world were discovered: at thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.15 And when his people being in danger, upon their prayer God made the very sea it self dry and fordable for their safe retreat and their enemies ruine. And the bottom of that deep concave and Abisse whereinto the earth received the water at the creation, was disclosed by the seas dividing it self at the Lords command, and by the winds that he raised to interrupt its course, and force it to a stand.

He sent from a­bove, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.16 As much as all this hath he done for me, though by a more occult way of providence, he hath wrought and fought from heaven for me many a time, and after diverse manners, he ever had a special eye to me and care of my safety, and from manifold and great dangers hath he powerfully, maugre the force and malice of mine enemies, delivered me.

He delivered me from my strong ene­my, and from them whi [...]h hated me: for they were too strong for me.17 Yea from Saul who was my mightiest and cru­elest enemy, and from all that sided with him against me in hatred to me, hath he most miraculously deli­vered me, whom else I could never have escaped nor prevailed against, considering their strength above mine.

They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the Lord was my stay.18 For in humane power and policy they were ever too hard for me in the time of mine adversity and persecution. But I firmly trusted in the Lord, who [Page 53] was alwayes on my side, and still sustained and deli­vered me, notwithstanding all they could do.

19 Yea he hath not onely brought me out of my troubles,He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he de­lighted in me. but moreover hath advanced me highly, and stated me in a most happy condition from out those straits I was in. And the reason why he thus wrought for me, and had such care over me, to deliver me, was his good grace and free favour to me.

20 And to the honest cause which I maintained,The Lord re­warded me according to my righteousness, according to the clean­ness of my hand; hath he recomp [...]nced me. and which he sustained in my behalf, prospering me in it and for it; and mine innocent and just behaviour against mine enemies injustice and cruelty, hath he recompenced with their downfal and mine advance­ment.

21 For in all my troubles I was careful to keep a good conscience towards God in doing justly,For I have kept the wayes of the Lord, and have not wicked­ly departed from my God. and walking uprightly, and did not (saving the slips of humane frailty and infirmity) at any time perversly step aside or fail in my duty to God, whom I ever found so gratious.

22 For I was sincere,For all his judge­ments were before me, and I did not put a­way his statutes from me. and had alwayes his righteous precepts in mind and memory to order my self and my wayes impartially thereafter, and did not refuse upon any reason or occasion to yield obedience to them.

23 Nor was mine inward man wanting,I was also up­right before him: and I kept my self from mine iniquity. but he that sees all things knows my obedience was per­formed from my heart, in faith and affection to the commander, as well as to the commandment, and that in love to him I bridled and refrained my self from the sin, that either by nature or occasion I was most prone and tempted to.

[Page 54] Therefore hath the Lord recompensed me according to my righteousness, accor­ding to the cleanness of my hands in his eye­sight.24 And now I find I am no loser by it, for the Lord in mercy hath had consideration of the justice of my cause, and of mine innocent and holy demea­nour, and hath rewarded me accordingly with the ruine of mine enemies, and mine own preservation and advancement.

With the merci­ful thou wilt shew thy self merciful, with an upright man thou wilt shew thy self upright.25 I and mine enemies are a pattern of thy truth and justice, and that thou wilt reward all manner of men according to their works, they that shew mercy shall find mercy at thine hands, as I have done in my deliverance, and they that exercise their faith and love towards thee, shall find both love and faithfulness from thee again.

With the pure thou wilt shew thy self pure: and with the froward, thou wilt shew thy self froward.26 And such as are undefiled in the way, careful to walk uprightly and do justly according to thy com­mandments, shall in the end find thee just in thy pro­mises, and gracious in thy providences; and on the contrary, so shall they find thee cross in providence, and just in judgements, that proudly and perversly erre from thy precepts.

For thou wilt save the afflicted peo­ple: but wilt bring down high looks.27 For thou wilt not fail to save and deliver the innocent and oppressed that trust in thee, and call upon thee, but on the other hand wilt be sure to bring to ruine those that set light by thee and thine.

For thou wilt light my candle: the Lord my God will en­lighten my darkness.28 I may say it, for so I have and shall find it more and more to be true, for thou both hast and wilt make my condition prosperous and happy, the Lord in whom I trust, and whom I have ever found trusty to me, as he hath out of love and faithfulness begun, so I know and believe he will go on until he have estated me in perfect peace and prosperity, and made me as happy as ever I was miserable.

[Page 55]29 For by what thou hast done I know what thou wilt do,For by thee, I have run through a troup [...]: and by my God have I leaped o­ver a wall. in that by thy power I have been wonderful­ly preserved in battel and defeated mine enemies, and by thy assistance have escaped many perils and skaled their fortresses, even so shall I do still.

30 As for God you need not doubt him,As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the Lord is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him. for his way of proceeding towards his people is a most abso­lute and perfect way, full of wisdome, justice, and truth, his promises have alwayes been found true and never deceived them that trusted to them; for accor­ding to them, he ever was, and ever will be a preserver and defender of all them that faithfully depend upon him.

31 And the contrary is very foolishness,For who is God save the Lord? or who is a rock, save our God? for who is a God to be trusted in and depended on, save the Lord Almighty onely, and who can defend and pro­tect, but that God who hath shewed such wonderful strength and power in our preservation that relied on him.

32 It is God,It is God that girde [...]h me with strength, and maketh my way perfect. and God alone, that hath made me of mean and impotent, to become thus consider­able and potent above mine enemies, and that ma­keth all my proceedings prosperous and successe­full.

33 He enables me to over-run & conquer all mine enemies with ease and expedition,He maketh my feet like hindes feet, & setteth me upon my high pla [...]es. and subdues them under me, making me Lord of them, and all their strength.

34 He puts power and skill into me,He teacheth my hands to warre, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms. and makes me both too cunning and too strong for mine ene­mies.

35 Thou hast not onely thus given me power over mine enemies,Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy right hand hath hold­en me up, & thy gen­tleness hath made me great. but hast also evermore preserved me [Page 56] from theirs, and by thine omnipotency hast upheld me from being overthrown in the dayes of my weakness and persecution, and as thy tender care hath thus pre­served me, so thy loving kindness hath advanced me to this top of honour and felicity I am now seat­ed in.

Thou hast en­larged my steps under me; that my feet did not slip.36 Thou many a time set me at liberty out of my straights and difficulties, so that I miscarried not in my hazardous condition.

I have pursued mine enemies, and o­vertaken them: n [...]ither did I turn again till they were consu­med.37 I have defeated mine enemies so that they have fled from me, and I have chased, overtaken, and ut­terly destroied them, returning victorious.

I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they are fallen under my feet.38 I have so spoiled and disabled their power, that they have not been able to stirre against me, they are subdued under me, and are at my mercy.

For thou hast gird­ed me with strength unto battel: thou hast subdued under me those that rose up a­gainst me.39 For thou, Lord, didst furnish me with courage and puissance to encounter mine enemies in plain field and set battel. And thou it is that gavest me victory, and enablest me to vanquish them, that have waged warre against me.

Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies: that I might destroy them that hate me.40 Yea thou hast subjugated them under mine obeisance and command, and given me absolute and supream power to execute my pleasure on them that dare to malign or oppose me, as Christ shall have.

They cried, but there was none to save them; even unto the Lord, but he an­swered them not.41 In their necessities they importuned help on all hands, but there were none that durst appear in their behalfs against me; yea, they tried how they could speed by prayer to God, because they saw others had done so, and found themselves void of all other succour, but they lost their labour and had no an­swer.

Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the streets.42 But in stead thereof were wholly put into my [Page 57] hands, whom I made examples of my just displea­sure, by taking deserved punishment upon them; exe­cuting martial law: I destroied them by multitudes without mercy or compassion, as Christ shall his ene­mies when he takes vengeance on them, and breaks them to pieces with a rod of iron.

43 Thou hast delivered me from the oppositions and gain sayings that I found at mine entrance to the Crown by mine own people Israel,Thou hast deli­vered me from the strivings of the peo­ple: and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me. and hast both set me over them, and extended my dominions over ma­ny heathen nations also; yea, thou wilt yet make more and strange nations subject to me, as well as they, even as Jews and Gentils shall be to Christ.

44 So soon as they hear of my prowesse and victo­ries, they shall be willing to become my tributaries.As soon as they hear of me they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit them­selves unto me. The heathen shall be glad to strike sail, and offer me their allegiance, as in like manner they shall do to the Messiah, who shall conquer by his word as I by my sword.

45 The courages of the heathen shall abate,The strangers shall fade away, and be afraid out of their close places. and they shall flie away at the renown of my power, nor shall they think themselves safe in their strong holds, but shall abandon them for fear of me.

46 It is the Almighty and everliving God,The Lord liveth, & blessed be my rock: and let the God of my salvation be exalted. to whom I ascribe the surviving of all my miseries, and the enjoyment of all my happiness, and him will I ever blesse who hath been a sure rock of defence and safety to me in all storms, and I will never forget to magnifie God as my sole and onely Saviour out of all my troubles.

47 It is God that taketh vengeance of my potent and malicious enemies,It is God that avengeth me, and sub­dueth the people un­der me. and suppresseth the mutinous [Page 58] and rebellious spirits of the popularity, and keeps them in subjection and Allegiance to me.

He delivereth me from mine ene­mies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me: thou hast deliver­ed me from the violent man.48 He delivers me from all mine enemies great and small, less and more; yea, and subdues them that take up arms against me under my dominion: yea, thou hast done many favours for me, but one above all the rest, which I must principally record, that is, my great preservation from Saul my [...]orest enemy, and most malicious persecutor.

Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, (O Lord) among the heathen: and sing p [...]ai [...] unto thy name.49 Therefore will I give thee thanks, O Lord, even amongst the heathen will I publish the renown of thy saving power and goodness, as Christ shall thy saving grace and righteousness, that they may also know thee and believe in thee, and will sing the praises of all thou hast wrought for me, and give the glory thereof to thy grace and might.

Great deliver­ance giveth he to his King: and sheweth mercy to his annoint­ed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.50 Great deliverance he both hath given, and still continues to give to me, whom he hath made King over Israel, and ratified it after an extraordinary man­ner. And hath and will shew mercy to his appointed and Annointed servant and Soveraign of his people in testimony of his favour and good will to him, even to David, the selected type of Christ and his victorious Kingdom, who shall come of him, and reign over his Church everlastingly; as he and his posterity shall over Judah from generation to generation.

The xix. PSALM.

David intending to magnifie Gods word, and the condition of his people the Iews, that did enjoy it of all the people of the world, takes his rise from his works, and those nations that onely enjoy them, whereby though they [Page 59] might attain to much excellent knowledg of God, thereby to magnifie and praise him. Yet do his works how excellent soever declare him but under a common notion, whereas his word holds him forth in a special manner, manifesting and that with power and efficacy the way of life and salvati­on, which we having lost, it onely restores it to us; making us holy like it self, and consequently happy, containing nothing but what is pure, true, and just, and yields most profit and delight of any thing to them that consciona­bly observe it. Which none doth or can do so exactly, but that he needs both pardon of unknown sins, and preservation against known ones, which the very godly themselves cannot avoid but by power from God. To be acce­pted in whose sight we must get our persons sanctified in thought, word, and deed, and our sins done away by the virtue of Christs redemption.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm 19. To the chief musician. A Psalm of David. do I David that made this Psalm recom­mend it, for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 THe heavens and those glorious lights that shine therein manifest and magnifie the more glorious wisdom and power of God,THe heavens de­clare the glory of God: and the firmament sheweth his handy work. and that vast expanse and transparent region of the aire, wherein those great and mighty clouds reside, and birds take their flight, shew forth his might and skill that made them.

2 The continual and never failing succession of one day after another,Day unto day ut­tereth speech, & night unto night sheweth knowledg. by the suns return upon the earth, speaks the praise of his wise contrivement, and by a constant course of one nights following another, by the setting of the sun, and the appear­ing of the moon and starrs, is his exceeding great wisdom, power, and providence shewed and held forth.

3 There is no people under heaven be they of never such different languages,There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. but the benefit of these things are participated to them, and there­by the praise and glory of God is taught them, and [Page 60] communicated to their understandings & capacities.

Their line is gone out throughout all the earth, and their words to the end of the world: in them hath he set a Tabernacle for the sun.4 This glorious peice of creation, the heavens and the firmament, by the ordinance of God ever from the beginning have they overspread the whole earth, and they speak the excellent wisdom and power of God to all parts and people thereof. In them may all men see how wonderfully God hath ordained the sun to reside and shine.

Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and re­joyceth as a strong man to run a [...]ace.5 Which at its first arising, and mornings beauti­ful appearance is most welcome to all mens sight, bringing light and as it were life with it from under the dark curtain of the sable night; and with a free and natural motion fit for such an undertaking, with­out difficulty sets upon the course it is to run and fi­nish in the appointed time, from one end of the heaven to the other.

His going forth is from the end of the Heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.6 His setting forth is from the East, and in a day he makes his progress to the West, diffusing also his light and influence North and South; whose penetra­ting heat in this his motion, reacheth the very lower­most parts of the earth, concocting minerals, and quickening vegetables.

The law of the Lord is perfect, con­verting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.7 Glorious is God in his works which declare his power and wisdom to all men, but much more glorious is he in his word and doctrine deliver­ed peculiarly to his people, which holds forth to them his covenant of saving grace. Those things by a natural propensity convey to men many com­mon and bodily benefits. But the word of God is far beyond them all; restoring both our title to them (lost by our fall) and which is infinitely more, su­pernaturally revealing to us the perfect and infalli­ble way of life, & turning again to God, and powerfully [Page 61] bringing it to pass upon▪ us. The truth delivered in it by the Lord touching our salvation is unquestiona­ble and may be trusted to, which understood and im­braced enriches us, who foolishly lost our first estate of holines and happines, with understanding how to get it again.

8 The saving principles and ordinances which God gives us in his word to walk by,The statutes of the Lord are right, re­joycing the heart: the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlight­ning the eyes. are holy and righte­ous, and such as being observed and obeyed in faith and conscience to the Law-giver, brings joy and hearts ease in the comfortable sense of our sinceritie, and assu­rance of Gods favour to us, and acceptance of us. The whole will of God revealed is it self pure, void of errour or corruption, and makes them so that walk according to it, enlightning them with understanding to tread in the way of truth and life, when others wan­der in by-paths of death and errour.

9 The holy law of God which he hath ordained his people to fear and serve him by,The fear of the Lord is clean, endu­ring for ever: the iudgements of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. is free from cor­ruption, and makes them like it that observe it, holy and pure; and is everlastingly the same, like God the giver of it, not to be varied by us at no time nor oc­casion, bringing with it the reward of everlasting hap­pines. The ordinances and commandments of the Lord by which he expects to be obeyed, and purposes to judge the world are compleatly perfect, free from all errour and injustice, and onely makes men so.

10 They are of more worth and yield a man more profit than all the riches of the world,More to be de­sired are they than gold; yea, than much fine gold: sweeter al­so then honey, and the honey-comb. better are they to be prized, and more to be desired than the most re­fined gold. And more true pleasure and content do they bring to the soul and conscience by faithful ob­servance, than the sweetest honey does to the taste.

[Page 62] Moreover, by them is thy servant warned: and in keep­ing of them there is great reward.11 After a special manner they are and ever have been useful to me and to all that fear thee, shewing us how to stear a right course in every condition, by chusing the good and refusing the evil. And well worthie are they to be obeyed, for they bring a bles­sed reward with them even peace of conscience and everlasting life.

Who can under­stand his errours? cleanse thou me from secret faults.12 So holy are all thy foresaid laws and command­ments, and so binding both to the inward and outward man; as, who lives that can know how oft he offends against them? Lord pardon me therefore my un­known sins, and sanctifie my heart and spirit conform­ably to thy law which is spiritual.

Keep back thy servant also from pre­sumptuous s [...]s, let them not have domi­nion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great trans­gression.13 Protect me also who am thy servant, and de­sire to yield thee universal obedience, from outward and grosser iniquities committed against knowledge, let not such prevail over me by strength of tempta­tion. And so being thus pardoned and sanctified, not­withstanding my many frailties and daily infirmities, I shall be uprightly righteous in thy sight, and shall be though not innocent and free from all sin, yet from known and presumptuous ones, any of which lived in, may justly stagger my sinceritie and covenant-peace, which without thy special preventing grace I shall notwithstanding fall into.

Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my strength and my re­deemer.14 Yea cleanse me throughout. Let my very words and thoughts, as well as deeds, be such as sute with thy law and will. Thus, Lord, grant me grace and pardon, who onely art my sanctifier and re­deemer.

The xx. PSALM.

David as a prophet instructs his people in a pattern and form of prayer to pray for him their King, and to seek their own welfare in him, as the Churches in Christ, whereof he and they were respective types. And to look at God for all the good they expected by his means, and withal to be con­fident of it by saith, grounded upon pregnant experiences of his grace and fa­vour to him. And how ever God might make them strong in outward things, yet not to change their trust, but to keep it firm in God, by exam­ple both of their enemies miscarriages through their misgrounded confidence, and of their own experienced success by trusting in the Lord. Closing up the prayer with a brief of all. Praying God to preserve both them and their King, and to make him able to govern and defend them in equitie and tran­quillitie, as Christ his Church.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm xx. To the chief musician A Psalm of David. do I David that made this Psalm, recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 WE the people of God,THe Lord bear thee in the day of trou­ble, the name of the God of Jacob defend thee. and thee, whom God hath set over us, pray for thee. That the Lord would hear thy prayers against thine enemies in time of need: the grace and providence of God which he shewed to our father Jacob, and promised to us his seed, who are his peculiar people, evermore accompa­ny and preserve thee our King.

2 Yea,Send thee help from the sanctuarie: and strengthen thee out of Sion. the good Lord answer thee succesfully from that place which he hath specially appointed to hear, and for us to offer prayers in, even his holy Taber­nacle. And grant thee his Almighty aid according to the daily prayers of his priests and people which they put up unto him in his holy mountain in thy be­half.

3 The Lord keep in mind thy pious offerings of praise and thanksgivings for mercies past,Remember all thy offerings, and accept thy burnt sacrifice. Selah. to give thee further cause to do the like, and the Lord accept the propitiation for thy sins to pardon them, and shew [Page 64] forth the gratious fruits and effects of his reconciled favour to thee. All this we humbly and heartily pray for.

Grant thee ac­cording to thine own heart, and fulfil all thy counsel.4 God grant thee answers and issues according to thine own desire, and bless all thy advice and under­takings for God and his people with sutable success.

We will rejoyce: in thy salvation, and in the name of our God we will set up our banners: the Lord fulfil all thy petitions.5 We are confident that God is and ever will be with thee, and therefore rejoyce before hand in that happines and preservation we promise our selves un­der thee, as the Church shall have under the Messiah, and with much assurance and boldnes in our God and thine, will we triumphantly and in confidence of victo­rie march against thine and our enemies. And to that purpose the Lord hear, and effectually answer all thy petitions.

Now know I, that the Lord saveth his annointed: he will hear him from his ho­ly heaven, with the saving strength of his [...]ight hand.6 We have had good experience and sufficient proof of Gods great good will towards thee, and that ever since thy first anointing by Samuel; the Lord hath so preserved and kept thee, and spite of all thine enemies placed thee in the throne, as that we doubt not, but that still God will be the same in grace and good will to thee, hearing thy further requests which thou shalt put up against thine and our enemies, and answering thee from heaven with preservation and vi­ctorie.

Some trust in cha­riots, and some in horses; but we will remember the name of the Lord our God.7 Our enemies according to their national accom­modations and militarie provisions, so is their confi­dence, some in one thing, some in another. But we will strengthen our selves in the Lord, and repose our trust in him alone, by virtue of his many gracious promises made to us, and his former mightie works wrought for us.

They are brought down and fallen, but we are risen and stand up [...]ight.8 And cause we have to do so, if we consider. How [Page 65] helpless they have found them, whose trust was in o­ther things, and how notwithstanding their pride and power, it hath brought them to ruin. Whilest we by trusting in the Lord, are through his power and good­ness attained to great felicitie and superioritie above them, from a low and despicable condition.

9 Good Lord,Save Lord, let the King hear us when we call. be still our preserver and our Kings, and so strengthen him with power, and endow him with clemency and justice. That he may be both able to keep us in peace from our enemies that seek to an­noy us, and in righteousness preserve us from civil op­pression amongst our selves. As Christ can and will his Church and people, when they crie to him.

The xxi. PSALM.

David in the name of Israel foretels much happiness to him and to themselves▪ in him their King answerable to the Churches happiness in her head Christ, the onely Saviour of his people, and they ground it upon experience of Gods former extraordinarie favours to him, which makes them in him confi­dently boast themselves on the Lord, for that he still trusts in God, who therefore will preserve him, and with fierce wrath destroy his enemies as rebels and traitors against God himself, for so are all the enemies of Christ whom David typifies. Having thus declared their faith, they end with prayer and promise praise.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm xxi. To the chief musician A Psalm of David. do I David that made this Psalm recommend it, for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 DAvid whom thou hast made head and King over us thy people,THe King shall joy in thy strength, O Lord: and in thy sal­vation how greatly shall he rejoyce! as Christ is over his Church: shall (we are confident) find thee a never fail­ing God unto him, and that thou wilt give him con­tinual cause of rejoycing in that gracious assistance thou wilt ever afford him against his enemies. Yea, its not to be expressed how great things thou hast done [Page 66] for him, and what further favours thou wilt shew him in the preservation of him and his people, to his and their unspeakable joy.

Thou hast given him his hearts desire, and hast not with­holden the request of his lips. Sel [...]h.2 Thou hast brought all things to pass after a mer­vellous manner which long since thou promisedst him, and which accordingly he hath long expected, nor hast thou disappointed his faithful waiting and fervent praying, but hast fulfilled them to the uttermost, as thou shalt the Messiahs. To thy praise be it spo­ken.

For thou pre­ventest him with the blessings of goodness: thou settest a crown of pure gold on his head.3 Thou hast done more for him and shown more bounteous goodnes to him, than ever he could have asked for himself, for of thine own good pleasure un­thought of, and undesired hast thou advanced him from a mean estate, and brought him out of a turbu­lent condition to be the King of thy people Israel in much glorie and rest.

He asked life thee, and thou gavest it him, even length of dayes for ever and ever.4 He did but beg deliverance of thee out of his troubles, that he might not be destroyed in them, and so frustrate thy promise of the Kingdom to him, and thou gavest him his desire, and more, for thou hast entailed the crown upon him and his heirs for ever, nay, and moreover hast advanced him to be a type and progenitor of Christ, whose Kingdom shall last for ever and ever.

His glorie is great in thy salvation, ho­nour and majesty hast thou laid upon him.5 His faith and ours, emboldens both him, and us in him, to glorie and boast our selves on thee, in assu­rance of preservation and deliverance, which we ground upon that, that thou hast done already for him, in ful­filling the promise of the Kingdom to him.

For thou hast made him most blessed for ever: thou hast made him exceeding glad with thy coun­tenance.6 For thou hast wonderfully blessed him, both rea­ly in his own person, and promissorily in his seed, which shall also inherit the Kingdom after him. And [Page 67] that which yields him and us most content in all his worldly felicitie, is, that it is the gift of thy grace, and a token of thy love and favour to him, which is more worth than all besides.

7 And as thou hast done,For the King trusteth in the Lord, and through the mer­cie of the most high, he shall not be moved. so he and we make sure account thou wilt do, for though thou hast advanced him to great authority, and furnished him with strength and power. Yet as heretofore, so still now he is King, his trust is never the less in thee, and in nothing else, and therefore he and we are confident, that as thou hast raised him to this condition, so of thy good grace thou wilt establish him in it, and us under him in happi­ness.

8 We verily believe,Thine hand shall find out all thine ene­mies, thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. that as thou hast already done by thine and his enemies, so still thou wilt continue to hunt them down, and by thy power to root them out, that in him, make opposition to thee and thy Christ.

9 Thou wilt bitterly enrage thy self against them,Thou shalt make them as a fierie oven in the time of thine anger: the Lord shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them. and execute fierce destruction upon them, even as thou wilt upon the enemies of Christ at the day of judgement, whom everlasting burnings shall de­vour.

10 Root and branch of them shalt thou cut off,Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the chil­dren of men. that refuse to come under thy scepter, and seek to de­stroy thy Kingdom, as not worthie to live upon the earth.

11 For they are rebels and traitors,For they intend­ed evil against thee: they imagined a mi­schievous device, which they are not able to perform. not so much a­gainst him as thee, whose annointed he is, to typifie Christ; notwithstanding they have attempted to un­throne him, and to take Israel out of his hands, and so out of thine: which though they have strongly endea­vored, yet all in vain, for they cannot bring it to pass, [Page 68] no more than the world shall Christs people out of his.

Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, when thou shalt make ready thine arrows upon thy strings, against the face of them.12 Therefore though thou mayest suffer much, and be loth to do execution upon them, yet when they put thee to it, that thou must shew thy self on thy King and peoples behalf, thou wilt make them know to their conviction whom they fight against, by the woful destruction thou wilt bring upon them.

Be thou exalt­ed, Lord, in thine own strength: so will we sing, and praise thy power.13 Lord do thou answer our faith and confidence in thee, for our King and us, by putting forth thy glorious strength in his and our behalves against our enemies, that we may exalt thee. To whose power and goodness we promise with all self-denying thank­fulnes to sing the praises of all our happines and suc­ces.

The xxii. PSALM.

David as a type of Christ shews his faith in God, and Gods love and faith­fulnes towards him, notwithstanding the despightful usage, and cruel per­secution of his enemies, which he sets forth by metaphorical expressions, and hyperbolical allusions of his sufferings, to those, which Christ shall realy undergo, and for all his sufferings he tels how close he stuck to God in prayer-fulnes and praise-ful confidence, and how friendly and faithful he had ever found God to him in his most despicable and forlorn condition, as he will be to Christ whom he will highly favour in his greatest abasement, and exalt him to the highest dignitie of being the sole Saviour of his Church, and supream potentate of all the World.

Psalm xxii. To the chief musician upon Aijeleth-Sha­har, A Psalm of Da­vid. To him that is most skilful upon the instrument Aije­leth-Shahar, which signifies the Hind of the morn­ing; shewing Davids and Christs early and unces­sant persecution (or hunting) till they came to their Kingdoms.

MY God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? why art thou so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring.1 THou that art my God, I am confident and well assured in special relation and affection to me, [Page 69] why then seemest thou to have forsaken me, and ex­posest me to such extream sufferings by mine enemies, as force from me grievous complaints, and yet find no relief, or audience, as unto ease, in these my sufferings, as shall befal Christ himself in the agony of his pas­sion.

2 O God whom I must and cannot but own for mine,O my God, I crie in the day time, but thou hearest not; and in the night sea­son, and am not si­lent. night and day am I in continual vexation, and put up uncessant prayers unto thee accordingly, but am not heard.

3 But however thou delayest to answer,But thou art ho­ly, O thou that inha­bitest the praises of Israel. yet art thou holy and faithful of thy word and promise, and there­fore Ile both trust and try thee to the uttermost. O thou that dwellest in thy sanctuarie where the wonder­ful praise-worthie works which thou hast done and doest for thy people Israel are acknowledged to thy glorie, & where I hope to praise thee, as well as others.

4 Our forefathers made thee their salvation,Our fathers trust­ed in thee: they trust­ed, and thou didst de­liver them. they believed in thy promises of protection, and thou didst not deceive them, but didst wonderfully preserve them, maugre all their powerful and spiteful enemies.

5 When they in their distresses put up their prayers to thee,They cried unto thee, and were deli­vered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded. thou heardest and answerest them with deli­verance. They believed in thy faithfulnes and power to uphold and protect them, and sped accordingly, ne­ver having cause to be ashamed of their trust in thee.

6 And if it have been thy custom to shew them most good will and faithfulnes in their worst estate,But I am a worm, and no man: a reproch of men, and despised of the people. why I am (as Christ shall be) brought as low as low can be imagined, reputed in the eye of the world an abject fellow, one, to whom most men offer all man­ner of scorn and despite.

7 None owns me for better than a laughing-stockAll they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head saying, [Page 70] shewing all signs of contempt and disgrace to me, as they shall to him.

He trusted on the Lord, that he would deliver him: let him deliver him seeing he delighted in him.8 And all, because I have trusted in thee to car­rie on the busines of the Kingdom that thou hast engaged me in, they blasphemously mock at my faith as a vain and fruitles thing, and at thy power as if it were not able to deliver; and at thy fa­vour also, wherein its true I have boasted my self; as if it were a delusion or meer imaginarie thing, of no realitie or benefit to them that have it, more than to them that have it not; The like whereof they shall do to Christ.

But thou art he that took me out of the womb: thou didst make me hope, when I was upon my mothers breasts.9 But say they what they will in mockage of my trust and thy favour, yet thou hast been my God from the very first, and so shalt be to the last, and from thee and thy good grace and providence do I own all my subsistence and being, and what good so­ever hath been by any contributed to me I ascribe it all to thee, even that which the mid-wife or my mo­ther did for me in my very infancie.

I was cast upon thee from the womb; thou art my God from my mothers belly.10 I have had all my preservation from thee, both in, and ever since my birth, hast thou shewed thy ma­nifold love and care to me.

Be not far from me, for trouble is near; for there is none to help.11 And thou that hast kept me hitherto, I hope wilt not now cast me of in time off need, nor expose me to undergo my troubles without thee, who art mine onely helper.

Many buls have compassed me: strong buls of Bashan have beset me round.12 Many enemies of great wrath and furie have combined themselves against me, as they will a­gainst Christ; yea, men of greatest power and violence have begirt me to procure my ruin, like so many high fed buls in the fat pastures of Ba­shan.

[Page 71]13 They have shewed all signs of hatred and cruel­ty to me,They gaped up­on me with their mouths, as a ravening and roaring Lion. and would even Lion-like tear me in pie­ces, for the indignation they have against me, were I in their hands to prey upon.

14 I am a man dissolved in tears by reason of my great extremities,I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joynt: my heart is like wax, it is melted in the midst of my bowels. nor have I any ease, but by reason of mine uncessant sorrows am like a man in perpetual rack and torture, in type sustaining the very agonies of Christ; mine heart is enfeebled, and as it were wasted and consumed within me, by rea­son of mine inward grief and earnings.

15 All my spirits are spent through sorrow,My strength is dried up like a pot-sheard: and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; & thou hast brought me into the dust of death. and I am become like a broken pot-sheard, without any natural moisture left in me, wherewith life and strength should be maintained, it being quite wasted and dried up: yea, that which feeds and facilitates the motion of the tongue in speech, is exhausted, and my tongue is put to silence, and made useless through want of its supply. All manner of moi­sture is so spent, and my bodie so dried up and parch­ed with the excessive sorrows thou hast heaped upon me, that it seems, as if it would dissolve into dust, as when it is in the grave.

16 For I am persecuted and endangered by un­reasonable men of fierce implacable minds;For dogs have compassed me, the as­sembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. I am in extream hazard by a multitude of impious and blasphemous wretches, that hate me as they will the Messiah for righteousness sake, and with endless vexations as it were crucifie me, as they will do him by a lingring death upon the cross.

17 Grief hath so pined me away,I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. that my flesh is wasted from my bones, and I am become like an [Page 72] Anatomie, even to the wonderment of my pitiless enemies, so Christ shall be to his.

They part my garments among them and cast lots for my vesture.18 They verily believe to make a prey of me, first to ruin me, and then to divide that which is mine as a spoil amongst them, as they shall the garments of Christ when they have put him to death.

But be not thou far from me, O Lord; O [...]y strength, hast the [...] to help me.19 But though they be thus mischievously bent against me, yet Lord let me have thee on my side: Be not thou to seek in mine extremities, that art mine onely trust and succour, but be ready at hand to help me in my need.

Deliver my soul from the sword: my darling from the power of the dog.20 Let them not take away my life by the sword of violence and injustice, but preserve thou it from their power and malice, which is the choicest of all thy blessings bestowed upon me, as that wherein my very being consists, therefore let not the cruel-minded man that persecutes me for it ever obtein it.

Save me from the Lions mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns.21 My case is very desperate and full of dan­ger, for I am ready to be devoured by my Lion-like enemies, but Lord, thou that canst deliver, do deliver me; in token of the resurrection of Christ even from death it self, and the rather, for that heretofore I have found favour and had audience, in as desperate a condition and as imminent peril of death by mighty enemies.

I will declare thy name unto my brethren, in the midst of the congregation will I praise thee.22 I will in Psalms of praise magnifie thy power and goodnes amongst thy people, who are my bre­thren, flesh of my flesh, as the regenerate are one with Christ in spirit. In the midst of all Israel met toge­ther at thy sanctuary to worship thee, shall thy praises be openly sung in Psalms of praise which I will dedi­cate to thee.

[Page 73]23 Stirring up thereby thy faithful and obedient people to praise thee with me,Ye that fear the Lord, praise him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorifie him, and fear him, all ye seed of Is­rael. and for me the Type, as thy Church and chosen ones will for Christ the Antitype. All ye who are Jacobs posteritie and resem­ble Gods peculiar and elect people, exalt the Lord for the great benefits he hath afforded me, and to you by me; Serve him with reverence and Godly fear, all you that are Israel and sprung of Israel, as shall do the children of the promise, or the spiritual Is­rael of God under the Government of the Mes­siah.

24 For he hath ever been mindful both of you and me in all our afflictions,For he hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted: neither hath he hid his face from him, but when he cried unto him he heard. then when the world hath contemned and disdained you, as it will his Church, and me as it will Christ; yet hath he highly set by us and done for us, nor hath he ever withdrawn his grace and favour from me, in my worst estate, no more than he will from the Messiah in his, but when at such times I cried unto him he hath most of all ex­pressed it, ever vouchsafing me a gracious answer, and relief, as he will to him and his in like condi­tion.

25 Therefore will I pay my homage of praise and thanks unto thee of whom I have received all my welfare and happines,My praise shall be of thee in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him. even before all Israel will I do it, to provoke them to do the like, who have like cause with me: I will at those times of most so­lemn and publick worship sing thy praise and offer my sacrifice of thanks-giving unto thee, that all may joyn with me, and take example by me.

26 They that meekly undergo their sufferings,The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the Lord that seek him; your heart shall live for ever. and do wait upon the Lord for deliverance, and the ful­filling of his gracious promises, shall be sure at [Page 74] last to have their hearts desire, and shall be feast­ed with their own peace-offerings, as Christ shall be in heaven after he hath endured the cross. They shall have cause of praise that faithfully seek to him by prayer in their distresses. Such men shall not need to be discouraged at no time, nor in no condition, but shall always have cause comfortably to enjoy themselves by faith in God.

27 The time shall come, when Christ is come, and after his sufferings is exalted into glorie,All the ends of the world shall re­member, and turn un­to the Lord: and all the kinreds of the na­tions shall worship before thee. as contemptible as he seemeth to be, that all the world shall take notice of their lost estate. But for him whom God hath exalted to the office of a Sa­viour and Mediator, and shall thereupon willing­ly and with all their hearts renounce their er­rours and idols to serve the onely true God in Christ; and the manifold nations of the Gen­tiles, who now are a separate bodie from the Church, shall then be incorporated into it, ac­knowledging the Lord Christ and worshipping him, who when he is lifted up shall draw all men after him.

For the King­dom is the Lords: and he is the Governour among the nations.28 For God hath put all power into his hands, and he will shew that his Kingdom is not con­fined to Israel alone, but that he is King over the Gentiles, whom he will also bring under his dominion and allegiance.

All they that be fat upon earth, shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust, shall bow be­fore him, and none can keep alive his own soul.29 All sorts of people from all parts of the earth shall submit to Christs scepter and salvation. They that outwardly abound in wealth and honour, or inwardly with carnal confidence or self-righteous­ness, shall yet be glad to casheer such destructive principles and deceivable, and account it their [Page 75] greater safetie and felicitie to take their souls re­past in Christ, whom they shall feed upon by faith, as their peace-offering, for whom, and by whom they shall thankfully adore and worship God; all also that are abject and poor, or that in self-despair apprehend themselves under the bond­age and fear of death by sin, shall likewise hum­bly and thankfully take hold of him for their Sa­viour, and honour him as their onely Redeemer. And thus it shall be made appear by the convi­ction of all mens consciences, that were it not for him, all the world were undone; for no man can be saved without him, by his own righteousnes; nor purchase heaven either by worldly affluence or voluntarie penurie and pennance of soul or bo­die, but onely by being Christs, and having Christ for his.

30 Not that all the whole world shall either serve him or be saved by him.A seed shall serve him, it shall be accounted to the Lord for a Genera­tion. But a holy seed, like Ja­cobs, chosen and called every where out of the world shall believe in him, and yield obedience to him, and they shall be counted to the Lord for children, and he to them for a Father, because of their faith in him and obedience to him, and his reciprocal love to them and care over them.

31 They by the Fathers drawing shall come to Christ,They shall come, and shall declare his righteousnes unto a people that shall be born, that he hath done this. and partake of his justifying righteousnes and grace, when he is raised and exalted out of his abased condition of humiliation to be the King and Saviour of his Church. Which in zeal to Christ himself, and in Christian charitie and dutie they shall promulgate and declare also to succeeding Generations, and teach it to their children and childrens children, that they [Page 76] in like manner may partake of his grace, and be begot­ten to God by believing in him. Even those great things shall they declare, which he hath done for Christ, and for his Church in and through Christ, like as he hath done for me, and for the people of Is­rael by me.

The xxiii. PSALM.

David from what God had done for him in bringing him to the Kingdom ar­gues what he will do, and sets his seal of faith and assurance to it, so as that by reason of his past and present condition, no future dangers shall dismay him. But is confident he shall spend and end his life in happines, and promises constant praises, for perpetuated mercies.

Psalm xxiii. A Psalm of David. A Psalm made by David.

THe Lord is my shepheard, I shall not want.1 THe Lord hath shewn himself as careful and tender over me as a shepheard over his sheep, which makes me confident of his gratious benignity to me for the time to come, that of his bounteous goodnes he will so see to me, that I shall lack nothing that is expedient for me.

He maketh me to lie down in green pa­stures: he leadeth me besides the still wa­ters.2 For present, he hath made large provision for me, and carved with a bountiful hand unto me of eve­ry good thing, he gives me peace and plentie, and hath brought me into a safe and happie condition void of danger, and full of inward and outward tran­quillitie.

He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righte­ousnes for his names sake.3 He hath as it were given me a resurrection from the dead by freeing me from mortal dangers which put my very life in peril, and caused much affliction of mind, he hath carried on all the course of his providence towards me in a way of truth and faith­fulnes according to his promise▪ and that onely for his [Page 77] own free-grace and mercies sake, therefore hath no­thing failed of all that he promised me.

4 Yea,Yea, though I walk through the val­ley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil: for thou art with me, thy rod and thy staff they comfort me. I have had such large and unquestionable experience of thy love and faithfulnes, that though I should be brought into never so great danger, and lie never so long under it, yet will I not distrust thy deliverance at last, for because all that befals me is by thy permission, and makes not void thy grace and providence, which is then with me, when all things are against me. Thou hast a rod of offence for mine enemies, and a staff of defence and prote­ction for thy sheep, and for me thy servant, which sustains my faith and courage against all fears and dangers.

5 Thou hast plentifully provided for me,Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine ene­mies: thou anointest my head with oyl, my cup runneth over. enriched me with the spoil of my very enemies, and made me master and owner of that was theirs to the great re­gret of those of them that live to see me so, as many of them do; Thou hast heaped such an abundance of all manner of affluence and beneficence both for honour, delight, and necessitie upon me, that thou hast made me overflow in blessings and benefits unto others, as shall Christ the head to his members.

6 I cannot but conclude from that goodnes and mer­cie I have already found according to thy promise,Surely goodnes and mercie shall fol­low me all the dayes of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever. that I shall ever whilest I live be a large sharer in thy free and bounteous beneficence and liberality. And I promise by Gods grace I will never so surfet of thy benefits, as to forget my benefactor, but will diligently frequent thy sanctuarie, and hold on a constant course of praise and thanks-giving therein, according to thy commandments, as thou shalt hold on a course of mercie and favour to me, according to promise, end­ing as I begin.

The xxiiii. PSALM.

David to invite men into a participation of the sanctifying graces of the spi­rit, and salvation and glorification by Christ; shews, That though all the world and men in it belong to God, yet with great difference, for though all are his by right of creation, yet hath his special favour of election and calling passed onely upon such as are holy, others are but his creatures, these his sons and daughters, whom he spurs on to enlarge their desires after Christ in the exercise of faith and use of means; and promises both him, and together with him, happines and security to such.

Psalm xxiiii. A Psalm of David. A Psalm made by David.

THe earth is the Lords, and the fulnes thereof, the world and they that dwell therein.1 THe Lord hath dominion over all the earth, which together with those infinit species and in­dividuals of creatures animate and inanimate that are in it, are all of them his. Yea, the whole world from North to South, and East to West is his, and under his regiment, together with all the inhabitants thereof every where.

For he hath found­ed it upon the seas, and established it up­on the flouds.2 For it is he that hath made all both sea and land, and that hath given an habitable existence and being to the earth above the waters, which he hath placed below it in that great Abysse where the seas remain. By his decree it is thus established over and above the waves and surges of the sea, which else would soon surmount it.

Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? and who shall stand in his holy place.3 But though all the world be the Lords in com­mon right of creation; yet who are they that are his redeemed ones in special relation? that have the ho­nour and priviledge to be peculiarly elected, and cal­led out of the world to worship and serve him here, and to be glorified of him hereafter (like as in type we are, being his peculiar and chosen people, who of all the world are priviledged with his sanctuarie which [Page 79] we frequent, and where we worship him upon mount Sion the figure of heaven.)

4 Why,He that hath clean hands and a pure heart; who hath not lift up his soul unto vanitie, nor sworn de­ceitfully. onely he that is holy and upright, whose conversation and affections are changed from the cor­rupt course of the world, in obedience and love to God purifying his heart from inward concupiscences, and leading his life unblameably. Who hath not ei­ther committed impietie, in trusting in vain confi­dences, or worshipping vain idols instead of the true God; or iniquitie, in swearing falsely to the wronging of truth or equitie.

5 Such an one is and shall be blessed of the Lord with his grace and favour,He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteous­nes from the God of his salvation. and shall partake the righteous reward of his holy walking at the hands of God, who hath thereby ordained him unto salvation and glorification▪

6 These are the peculiar people and children of God chosen out of the world,This is the gene­ration of them that seek him, that seek thy face O Jacob. Selah. that do thus truly and sincerely set themselves to worship him. Yea, amongst Israel it self also there are none that are truly, that is, spiritually, the children of holy Ja­cob, that in this wise walk not in his steps sincere­ly, serving and worshipping the God of Jacob. These are onely the blessed people of a blessed God.

7 Ye that are thus the living Temples of the Lord,Lift up your heads, O ye gates [...]d be ye lift up ye ever­lasting doors, and the King of glorie shall come in. and have already entertained his sanctify­ing spirit into you, do you lift up your hearts in the use of holy ordinances through faith in joyful desires and assured expectation of him; yea, be you abundantly lift up by faith in the use of ho­ly means, who are the everlasting habitation of an everlasting God, with a joyful and assured wel­come [Page 80] of him; for so shall you invite and undoubtedly entertain the high and mightie potentate, the Lord Christ into your souls, with the glorious manifesta­tion and ravishing operation of his love, benefits, and graces.

Who is this King of glorie? the Lord strong and mightie, the Lord mightie in battel.8 And know, O all ye faithful and obedient ones for your courage and comfort, who, and of what qua­litie, this glorious King the Lord Jesus is, whom the world despises but you honour. Why, he is the Al­mighty God, of power all-sufficient to preserve and defend his people and Church, that in trust of him do love and serve him, against all the strength and power of men, and devils that do or shall malign or oppose themselves against them, and to put them to the foil, as we his Israel in the letter have found by experience for your instruction and corroboration that are his people in Spirit.

Lift up your heads O ye gates, even lift them up ye ever­lasting doors, and the King of glorie shall come in.9, 10 See the seventh and eigth verses foregoing. These being a repetition tending to amplification, for further assurance of what is there promised, and ratified with a Selah for the incouragement of the Godly.Who is this King of glorie? the Lord of hosts, he is the King of glorie. Selah.

The xxv. PSALM.

David notwithstanding the deep sense he had of his sins by reason of the great afflictions he lay under, yet confidently repairs to God in prayer for justice against his enemies, and mercie for himself, both in the pardon of his sins, and bestowing grace upon him, assuring himself, that herein he shall be heard because of Gods goodnes, and the many sweet promises which in the general he hath made to his people, which he applies to himself in particu­lar. And so ends as he begins with prayer, forcibly urged upon God by the greatnes of his afflictions, the crueltie of his enemies, the uprightnes of his cause, and his peoples necessities.

[Page 81] A Psalm made by David. Psalm xxxv. A Psalm of David.

1 TO thee above,UNto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul. O lord, doth my soul faithfully address it self, and its desires continually, and to no other.

2 O thou,O my God, I trust in thee, let me not be ashamed: let not mine enemies triumph over me. that by many gracious and sweet pro­mises, I know assuredly to be my God, in thee onely do I put my trust, let not me therefore miscarry, and be defeated of my hopes, and so both I and my faith be rendred a scorn to my wicked enemies.

3 Yea,Yea, let none that wait on thee be asha­med which transgress without cause. Lord, remember, what a tie of truth and goodness lies upon thee, towards them that in faith and holiness depend on thee, and walk with thee as I do; not to suffer such to miscarry, and fail of their confidence or reward, no, let mine enemies do so who trust in other things, and spitefully without any cause on my part, break all Laws of Justice and Cha­rity towards me; so shalt thou magnifie thy faith­fulness to the faithful, and thy Justice upon the wicked.

4 How ever other men walk towards me,Shew me thy wayes, O Lord, teach me thy paths. yet my desire is to keep touch with thee, and therefore, O Lord, I pray thee, in all my trials, shew me thy pro­mises and commandments, appertaining to my present case and condition, and teach me to understand what safety and reward there is in them, that I may never depart from them.

5 Powerfully enable me to stick close to thy word of truth by faith and obedience,Lead me in thy truth, and teach me; for thou art the God of my salvation, on thee do I wait all the day. refusing every false way and refuge. Thus instruct me both to do, and know thy will in the midst of my temptations, for thou art the God in whom I trust, for all manner of preservation in wel-doing, and wel-being, on thee do [Page 82] I constantly depend every hour, for every thing both for direction, and protection in all my trials.

Remember, O Lord, thy tender mer­cies, and thy loving kindnesses: for they have been ever of old.6 O Lord, forget not what fatherly pitty and love thou hast evermore born to thine, and what expressi­ons and manifestations thou hast made thereof, upon all occasions as they have needed, for they never yet failed thy people; nor let them do so now to me, that plead that priviledge to be one of thine, to whom mercy successively belongs in my generation, as to them in theirs.

Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mer­cy remember thou me, for thy goodness sake, O Lord.7 Call not to mind my sins long since committed before I knew thee, nor the errors I was guilty of in that estate, now to inflict their punishment upon me, but contrarily according to that mercy thou hast in store for me and hast promised to me, do thou pardon them, and shew thy self gracious to me in mine afflicti­ons, and that of thy meer and free goodness, O Lord, not for any motive or merit of mine.

Good and upright is the Lord: therefore will he teach sinners in the way.8 Gracious and faithful is the Lord, therefore will he, and for no other reason, both pardon self-judgeing, and enable self-outed sinners to turn to him with all their hearts, and to walk before him in all wel­pleasing.

The meek will he guide in judgement: and the meek will he teach his way.9 The humble and lowly-hearted that sensibly needs, and sincerely craves supply of grace and wis­dom from God, he will give them a good under­standing how to walk acceptably before him, so as to have his favour and protection, such shall not want supply of enlightning and enabling grace to know and do his will.

All the paths of the Lord are mercy & truth, unto such as keep his covenant, and his testimonies.10 However, even the faithfull may think, some of Gods wayes he takes towards them, by the strange­ness of them, to be unagreeable to that mercy and [Page 83] truth is in him and his promises. Yet be they never so contrary to flesh and bloud, they are all of them consonant to his grace and faithfulness, which he hath contracted with those that are in covenant with him, and walk accordingly in faith and obedience.

11 For thy truth and mercy sake,For thy names sake, O Lord, pardon mine iniquity: for it is great. O Lord, and for no cause else, do away my sin out of thy sight which is great and manifold, and lies heavy on me, and which else will certainly bring upon me soar afflictions, as I have already felt they have done.

12 Few there are that reverence and fear the Lord,What man is he that feareth the Lord? him shall he teach in the way that he shall choose. so as to seek to him to be pardoned their sins and made his servants, but in this I may comfort my self, and so may any else, that in so doing I nor they, shall not fail of our desires, but that God in his love and goodness to such an one will so direct and guide him, as that he shall not be given over to his own corrupt lusts, but shall be instructed and enabled to walk in such a way as he shall best accept.

13 And he that doth so,His soul shall dwell at ease: and his seed shall inherit the land. though he may have trou­bles without, yet he may be sure of peace within, nor shall he be devoid of temporal blessings neither, but sooner or later in Gods good time, according to his covenant, he will reward his service upon him and his posterity, especially if they walk in his steps, even with outward mercies of peace and plenty, as we see it ful­filled to us according to promise made to our holy forefathers, and so I doubt not shall it be to me and mine as God hath promised.

14 However the godly are in the world neglected,The secret of the Lord is with them that fear him, and he will shew them his co­venant. yet with God they are in special favour, for in a gra­cious familiarity and good will, he sweetly imparts the sacred mistery of his good pleasure and purpose of [Page 84] their salvation in a spiritual way to the spiritual man, that fears to offend and desires to please him; which as a secret is hid from the knowledg of the world, who onely partake his common and outward bene­fits. Yea, such he will teach with an intimate instructi­on and impression of his spirit upon their hearts, what are the covenant-graces, priviledges, and benefits be­longing to, and on his part to be bestowed upon them, he will shew them the honour and happiness to be in covenant with him, as also what are the covenant-du­ties and gratuitous returns reciprocally to be perform­ed on their parts to him, with enablement to do them in love and thankfulness, by writing his law in their hearts.

Mine eyes are ever towards the Lord: for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.15 I will make nothing my trust but God, nor will I ever cease to wait upon the Lord, and pray unto him for deliverance, but be my case never so despe­rate, and my misery never so tedious, yet will I confi­dently and with a fixed mind exspect it; for according to his promise I know the time will come when I shall be set at liberty, and disintangled from my trouble­some dangers.

Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me: for I am desolate and afflicted.16 As mine eyes are towards thee, so, Lord, set thy face favourably to me-ward, whom thou hast seemed long to have neglected: Now therefore be­think thee, and let me at last find grace in thy sight, and give me a merciful deliverance, for I am without any help but thine, and greatly afflicted by many out­ward enemies, and inward trials.

The troubles of my heart are enlarged: O bring thou me out of my distresses.17 My miseries strike deep into my soul, which is very sore oppressed with grief; O consider it in thy tender mercies, and deliver me out of my great affli­ctions.

[Page 85]18 Lord take me into thy consideration,Look upon mine affliction, and my pain, and forgive all my sinnes. do but cast an eye upon the greatness of mine affliction and dolour, and let it move thee to compassion, and par­don of all those my sins that may have caused thy di­spleasure, that so I may find favour and receive some ease.

19 My state is very forlorn and perillous,Consider mine enemies, for they are many, and they hate me with cruel hatred. if thou consider (as I pray thee do, and send help according­ly) mine enemies, for their number which is great, and for their hatred of me, which is to the death, and their pursuit is accordingly with extream violence.

20 They do all they can to take away my life;O keep my soul and deliver me: let me not be ashamed, for I put my trust in thee. O therefore do thou undertake to protect it from their rage, and deliver me out of their hands. Let me not miscarry by their power or policy, and so I and my faith be rendred scornful and scandalous to them, for I put my trust in thee, thy truth and goodness there­fore fail me not.

21 Let the innocency of my cause,Let integrity [...] uprightness preserve me: for I wait on thee. and my just be­haviour in it, move thee to preserve me from the in­justice of mine adversaries; for on thee in respect of thy righteous promises do I trust and wait to be right­ed against their wrongs.

22 O God,Redeem Israel, O God; out of all his troubles. that in thy faithfulness didest deliver Israel our Father out of all his troubles, do the like by his seed, and bring them into a state of peace and rest by and under me, as shall the Church and faithful have one day by Christ.

The xxvi. PSALM.

David being slaundered by his enemies appeals to God, to judge if he have done or thought as they say of him; and whether to God and man his behaviour hath not been such as it should be, which he is sure it hath, the love of God constraining him. Yea, he hath declined all temptations to the contrary, and is fully resolved to keep faith and a good conscience to the end. And then praies: That since he is and hath been studious of piety and innocency, he may not be exposed to wicked mens cruelty, nor his end be like theirs, promi­sing when God shall advance him, to be as incorrupt and innocent in prospe­rity as in adversity. And concludes with confidence of supportation and good success in Gods way, which is the way he is in.

Psalm xxvi. A Psalm of David. A Psalm made by David.

JUdge me, O Lord, for I have walk­ed in mine inno­cency: I have trusted also in the Lord: there­fore I shall not slide.1 MIne enemies condemn and censure me, but, Lord, I appeal to thee who judgest with righ­teous judgement, of whom I am sure I shall be acquit of all their slaunderous accusations, for thou knowest that all I have done hath been with an honest heart in obedience to thee, and without wrong-doing to any man, nor have I so much as stepped out of the way by indirect and unlawful means, to compass the fulfilling of thy promises, but have both waited and believed in the Lord, to do it in his own way and time. There­fore I am confident that God in his grace and righte­ousness will uphold and prosper me and mine innocen­cy against mine enemies.

Examine me, O Lord; and prove me; try my reins and my heart.2 Having a clear conscience, I freely expose and put my self into thine hands, where I am sure of justice and truth, to be examined and tried of those things whereof mine enemies unjustly accuse me, both within and without, as well touching the uprightness of mine heart in respect of pride or malice, as the honesty and warrantableness of mine actions.

[Page 87]3 For indeed I have such a tie upon me,For thy loving kindness is before mine eyes: and I have walk­ed in thy truth. by reason of thy love and goodness to me, which I alwayes with such thankful admiration and faithful dependance bear in mind, as that it awes me from offending thee in any kind, and makes me in return of love to thee to be most precise in my walking, strictly observing to an­swer my duty to thy word and will in all things.

4 Besides I have ever shunned occasions of evil,I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dis­semblers. not so much as taking counsel of men void of grace and conscience to do as they would have me, nor will I ever consent to use or practise any crafty or hipocriti­cal dealing, like men that live and move more by po­licy, than faith and honesty.

5 I have ever detested both the company and counsels of wicked men,I have hated the congregation of evil doers: and will not sit with the wicked. nor will I be infected with them, or adviced by them to go out of the way of faith and uprightness.

6 My purpose is alwayes to tread an innocent path,I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine Altar, O Lord. and to keep my self from doing unjust or unlaw­ful things, for such I know, O Lord, by those many legal cleansings thou hast instituted, thou wilt onely accept of to worship thee, and therefore will I be careful principally to maintain a pure conscience and conversation, and then will I in comfort and confi­dence of thine acceptance of me and mine offering frequent thy tabernacle, and there perform my cere­monial services of sacrifices and peace-offerings to thee.

7 That so I may let all men know that do resort thither,That I may pub­lish with the voice of thanksgiving, and tell of all thy wondrous works. and declare to them both by those tokens of my thankfulness appointed in thy law for that pur­pose, and by Psalms of praise the wonderful things, thou shalt have wrought for me according to my trust [Page 88] in thee, and thy promises, which are my onely stay; and thereby move them also to faithful thanksgiving.

Lord, I have lo­ved the habitation of thy house, & the place where thine honour dwelleth.8 O Lord, thou knowest my wayes have not been wayes of wickedness, but of piety and holiness. I have dearly loved and devoutly frequented thy holy ordi­nances in thy holy tabernacle, and have been a dili­gent worshipper and honourer of thee there, which thou hast ordained for that purpose, and where thou art specially present.

Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloudy men.9 In thy goodness and mercy therefore remember me, as such an one that desires and endeavours to serve thee in holiness and righteousness, and expose me not to the wicked and bloudy hands of mine ene­mies, nor bring that wrathful destruction upon me thou intendest unto them, as the punishment of their iniquity and cruelty.

In whose hands is mischief: and their right hand is full of bribes.10 Who plot and practise nothing but mischievous things, and regard neither truth, nor honesty, but abuse their authority, and pervert justice through cor­ruption of bribes.

But as for me, I will walk in mine integrity: redeem me, and be merciful unto me.11 But as for me, if thou pleasest to set me in place of justice and authority, then as I have carried my self in mine affliction, so thou shalt find I will still keep a good conscience, and walk in incorrupt and sincere wayes, therefore, O Lord, think on me to deliver me out of my great affliction and misery, and in mercy make good thy gracious promises to me.

My foot stand­eth in an even place: in the congregations will I bless the Lord.12 The unjust and unequitable wayes that mine enemies walk, I am sure will bring them to ruine, but as for me, as I have troden the path of piety and equi­ty, so I am sure to find the reward of grace and mercy, and to be upheld and made to stand when they shall stumble and fall. This I know shall be my portion, [Page 89] and for this before hand I vow praises and thanksgi­vings to God, even in the publick congregations of Israel.

The xxvii. PSALM.

David rowseth up his faith to overtop his fear by many arguments, taken from former preservations, and confidence, that as God hath stirred up an earnest desire in him, to worship him in his Tabernacle, so he shall be preserved thereunto. He further backs his faith with prayer, pressing upon God the warrant of his own word, and his former remarkable providences; as also his strong affiance and trust in him, and his enemies malice against him; and so concludes with great incouragement to himself, and every one of Gods people to wait and trust everlastingly in a promise, never to give out, but incourage themselves in God his goodness, be their condition never so de­sperate.

A Psalm made by David. Psalm xxvii. A Psalm of David.

1 IN my most afflicted state and darksome condi­tion,THe Lord is my light, and my salvation, whō shall I fear? the Lord is the strength of my life, of whom shall I be afraid. the Lord hath and doth afford me both comfort and direction; yea, and also preservation and deliverance, and so hath promised to do alwayes, and I believe no less by him, from whom then need I fear any harm. The Lord is he, that according to his promise and my trust in him, defends and upholds me spite of all the power of men and devils, of whom then need I be afraid, be they who they will, and do they what they can.

2 When as multitude of wicked ones with cruel hatred conspired against me,When the wick­ed, even mine enemies and my foes came up­on me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell. and joyned all their forces to wreak their teen upon me, and barbarously destroy me; what got they by it? but ruine to themselves, which they thought to bring upon me, by the just judgement of God upon them for my sake.

[Page 90] Though an host should en [...]amp against me, my heart shall not fear; though warre should rise against me, in this will I be confi­dent.3 Whilst thus I am sure of God on my side, though an whole army of men should be ready to make an assault upon me, my heart by faith shall bear up in God without dismaiedness. Though I were ne­ver so implunged in warres by forraign enemies, or domestick insurrections, yet by faith in Gods grace and powerful assistance, will I confidently exspect an happy issue out of them all.

One thing have I desired of the Lord, that will I seek after, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the dayes of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, & to enquire in his Tem­ple.4 The thing I have alwayes in all conditions main­ly desired of God, and which still I do and ever will principally sue to him for, is, that he will so order mine affairs, that I may not be put besides my hope, and desires of that transcendent happiness of frequenting his presence, and enjoying his ordinances in his taber­nacle, where I could gladly lead my life, there to be­hold through those many legal types and shadows, the admirable grace and wisdom of God in the salva­tion of man through Christ, and to make there my dayly prayers, and to ask advice of him upon all oc­casions, as the people of God shall one day do in his holy Temple.

For in the time of trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion; in the secret of his taber­nacle shall he hide me, he shall set me up up­on a rock.5 Nor shall I entreat this of him in vain, for he that hath stirred me up to seek it, will fulfil it, and to that end in my greatest trouble, I am confident he will preserve and safely protect me; Yea, as if I were shut up in his holy Ark, so shall I be kept and secu­red by him, he shall make me invincible spite of all mine adversaries, and set me above and out of their reach to hurt me.

And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me; there­fore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy, I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the Lord.6 And sure I am it is not long too, before I shall have the better of all mine enemies one and other, and shall live in a flourishing state of peace and prosperity, therefore do I confidently aforehand vow peace-offer­ings [Page 91] to him, which I will plentifully and publickly of­fer in his tabernacle, with joyful thanksgiving in the congregation, for my deliverances, where I so much desire to serve him. And where also I will sing his praises, and publish his praise-worthy mercies to me in manifold Psalmes and Himnes.

7 Thou that art the God of my faith and trust,Hear, O Lord, when I cry with my voice: have mercy al­so upon me, and an­swer me. O hear me when mine afflictions cause me to cry and pour forth my prayers unto thee, and in mercy an­swer me with deliverance.

8 For whereas thy word warrants and enjoynes thy people in all their difficulties to seek thy gracious help and favour in prayer and faith,When thou said­est, seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, thy face, Lord, will I seek. my heart readily ecchoes, and sayes Amen to it, doth as it bids, for it hath alwayes been my practise to prefer thy grace as my greatest good, and onely support because of thy faithfulness.

9 And still do I beg of thee above all things not to ecclipse thy favour,Hide not thy face farre from me, put not thy servant away in anger: thou hast been my help, leave me not, neither for­sake me, O God of my salvation. or withdraw thine assistance from me, take not such displeasure at me, who though a sinner yet am thy servant, as to divorce me from thy favour and protection. Thou knowest, and so do I, what mercies and providences thou hast shewen me in my need, which is wont to bind thee to further good­ness, and to incourage us to greater faith, and there­fore let me in the faith thereof, humbly put thee in mind of thy former grace, to move thee to second it now and alwayes as I have need, and thou hast oppor­tunity, by standing for me and sticking to me, not lea­ving me to mine enemies, nor withdrawing thy help; for thou hast been, art, and ever shall be the God that I onely have and will trust in for preservation.

10 Truly my faith is more in thee,When my fa­ther and my mother forsake me, then the Lord will take me up. and a nearer tie [Page 92] of love and affiance doth mine heart apprehend from thee, than from the dearest bonds of nature and natu­ral affections, so that my father that begot me, and my mother that bare me, I more distrust to fail and forsake me in their love and care, than thou, who I am confident wilt never forsake me, nor fail in thy love and promises to me, whosoever do, nay thou wilt then most of all be a freind unto me, when I am left most friendless and forlorn.

Teach me thy way, O Lord, and lead me in a plain path, be­cause of mine enemies.11 O Lord manifest thy love and care both in my protection and direction, instructing me how to walk obediently towards thee in all my temptations, and safely in regard of mine enemies, by escaping their traps and snares, who would be glad to see my fall both into sin, that they may have whereof to accuse me, and into danger, to have their wills upon me.

Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breath out cruelty.12 But, Lord, let mine enemies never have their wills and desires of me by my miscarriages any way, though they seek and long for it every way, by fraud and force endeavouring it; forging lies against me, and threatning all manner of cruelty to me.

I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the Lord, in the land of the living.13 Certainly, so many and grievous have been my pressures, that I could never have subsisted under them, unless I had had a promise to stay me, and faith to stay upon the promise through the goodness of God for my deliverance and settlement one day in a happy condition, free from persecution and banish­ment, amongst the ordinances and people of God, which I am sure I shall have before I die, though in the nature of a resurrection from the dead.

Wait on the Lord: be of good cou­rage, and he shall strengthen thine heart, wait, I say, on the Lord.14 And truly this hath ever upheld me, and so doth still to wait on the Lord, which for the promise sake I will never fail to do, for I know it shall be ful­filled, [Page 93] therefore will I incourage my self by faith in God, and so shall I be sure of him to give me heart-upholding grace and spirit. No, never will I give over waiting on the Lord, till he cause me cease it by fulfilling what I wait for according to his promise. And so let all and every one of the people of God, be incouraged to do in like sort by mine example.

The xxviii. PSALM.

David prayes to have his prayers heard, and difference made between him and his wicked enemies, whom he accurses as the wilful withstanders of the will of God touching him a type of Christ; And therefore promises and pro­phesies their destruction, and his own assured establishment over Israel, whom he prayes for, that they may be blessed under him, as the Church shall be under the Messiah.

A Psalm made by David. Psalm xxviii. A Psalm of David.

1 UNto thee will I as I have ever done make my moan in my misery,UNto thee will I cry, O Lord, my rock, be not silent to me: lest if thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit. and cry for help, for on thee, O Lord, depends all my trust and hope of safety therefore deny not to hear and help me, who have no other helper; for if thou doest, I am utterly helpless and must unavoidably perish.

2 Stop not thine ears nor with-hold not thy favour from me,Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry unto thee; when I lift up mine hands toward thy ho­ly oracle. for it is as bitter as death to have my pray­ers unheard, when in anguish of my spirit I pour them forth before thee, and when according to thine ordi­nance, I lift up mine eyes and hands in supplication towards the sanctuary, which thou hast appointed as a type of heaven to vouchsafe thy presence, and to hear and answer prayer in.

3 Let me not perish as an evil doer by evil doers,Draw me not a­way with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity: which speak peace to their neighbours, but mis­chief is in their hearts. [Page 94] nor be untimely taken away in thy wrath as a male-factour, and wicked worker amongst those that are so, who with hipocritical dissembling make shew of peace and friendship, to them that really mean no ill, but intend nothing but mischievous deceit against them.

Give them accor­ding to their deeds, & according to the wick­edness of their endea­vours: give them after the works of their hands, render to them their desert.4 Such as are so, and do so (which are mine ene­mies) let them feel and find thy just displeasure ac­cording to their demerits, and answerable to their sin­ful practises against the innocent, let them have the wages they have wrought for, and in thy justice pay them their just deserved punishment.

Because they re­gard not the works of the lord, nor the o­peration of his hands, he shall destroy them, & not build them up.5 And because they regard so little, and slight so much the Lord in his remarkable judgements upon themselves, and his no less remarkable grace and fa­vour unto me, so clearly manifested by extraordinary testimonies, and singular providences, confirming mine election to the Kingdom as a type of Christ, he will and shall therefore at last I am sure do himself and me right upon them, and make them understand it by their utter extirpation and overthrow, and my esta­blishment in their steads, as he shall do by Christ and his enemies.

Blessed be the Lord, because he hath heard the voice of my supplications.6 Now blessed be the Lord, who enables me in full assurance of faith, and by an infallible spirit of of prophecy, to foresee the issue of my prayers to be according to my desires, and his gracious promise and decree touching me.

The Lord is my strength, & my shield, my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoyceth, and with my song will I praise him.7 So that I can say in the assurance of the event; that the Lord is and shall be to the end my all-suffici­ent preserver and defendor against mine enemies. Yea in full perswasion of faith I can say, as if I had already taken a farewel of all my troubles; That I [Page 95] am (for so I shall be be) fully delivered and grati­ously established in a good estate according to the trust I have put in him, therefore my heart at present rejoyceth, as if all were done and past, and with a Psalm of thanksgiving do I now promise publickly to praise the Lord, when it shall be so.

8 The Lord is a faithful and powerful deliverer,The Lord is their strength, and he is the saving strength of his annointed. and rescuer of his people from out their oppressions, and from under their enemies, and for their sakes he is and will be the undoubted Saviour and preserver of me, whom he hath annointed and decreed to set over them, for their good and welfare, as a type of Christ over his Church.

9 Therefore remember thy people to bring them out of the tyrannie of their enemies,Save thy people, and bless thine inheri­tance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever. and the present di­stempers they lie under, and bless them whom thou hast peculiarly chosen out of all the world to be thine, by setting me over them as a type of Christ, and feed them under me, as Christ the shepheard shall feed his flock with plenty of grace and peace, and bring them to a lasting and settled condition of tranquillity, giving them the victory and dominion over all their enemies by and under me, as the Church shall have by and un­der him.

The xxix. PSALM.

David to awe all men to be respective of Gods Church & people, specially Kings from whom they then did, & ever should receive most opposition & hard­ship. He first seeks to awe them by a due respect of God himself and of his or­dinances, exhorting them to give him honour & worship. And therefore sets before their considerations the terriblest of his words to convince them of his [Page 96] glorious greatness, to wit, the thunder, shewing the marvellous effects it hath upon things both sensible and unsensible, the better to move with man, and specially with great men, to reverence the greatness of Almighty God: And besides that, he also preaches to them his glorious goodness manifested in his word and ordinances, to excite them to partake therein together with his people. But in case they refuse, and obstinately oppose themselves against him and them; He incourageth the Israelites, and in them the faithful, assu­ring them, that God will subdue their enemies, and make them prosperous under him (as Christ shall his Church) spite of all the world.

Psalm xxix. A Psalm of David. A Psalm made by David.

GIve unto the Lord) O ye mighty, give unto the Lord glory and strength.1 O ye mighty potentates of the world suffer a word of exhortation, be not high in your own conceits, to which you are most subject, be warned not to swell with the pride of your honour and power, but set the Lord above you, and pay the homage of both to God, least he lay your honour in the dust, and bring your strength to weakness.

Give unto the Lord the glory due unto his name; wor­ship the Lord in the beauty of Holiness.2 Do by God as you exspect others should do by you, that are your subjects and inferiours. Give him the honour that is due to his greatness, and leave off your superstition and come and worship him, and bring your gifts in token of service and subjection, to his beautiful sanctuary, for no where else will he re­ceive them, it being the sole appointed place of his glorious and solemn worship and special presence.

The voice of the Lord is upon the wa­ters: the God of glo­ry thundereth, the Lord is upon many waters.3 Your power is here below, but Gods is up above which loudly declares it self to us on earth, from out those watery clouds that are in the firma­ment over us, whence God, who is the Lord of su­pream glory dreadfully thunders, and shews his great­ness by that terrible noise multiplied out of sundry clouds, by sundry thunder-claps at once, and by the in­finite inundation of rain that immediately follows thereupon.

[Page]by sundry thunderclaps at once, and by the infinit inundation of rain that immedaitly follows thereupon.

4 This voice of the Lords thunder is in it self very dreadful,The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of Majestie. and declares him to be of mighty power and of exceeding great Majestie and glorie, far above all earthly potentates.

5 When the Lord thunders,The voice of the Lord breaketh Ce­dars: yea, the Lord breaketh the Cedars of Lebanon. it is so mightie and forcible, that it overthrows the strongest trees; even the great and tall Cedars of Lebanon are broken and turned up by the roots by the violence of thun­der-storms.

6 Yea,He maketh them also to skip like a calf: Lebanon and Si­rion like a young uni­corn. of such affrightment is that terrible voice of his, and with such power doth it operate even upon un­sensible creatures: That not onely the trees, but also the mightie and unmoveable mountains whereon they grow are shaken by it, and seem to jump up out of their places, and from their center by the earth-quake, which is begotten by that noise. Even the mountains Lebanon and Hermon, as great and weightie as they are, are moved; and in a moment rise and fall with the force of thunder.

7 The thunder sends forth fearful and fiery-flashes of lightning from out the clouds,The voice of the Lord divideth the flames of fire. and in an instant with a violent and sudden motion disperses and darts them hither and thither.

8 The thunder by its mighty and frightful noise uttered as it were by the omnipotent mouth of God himself,The voice of the Lord shaketh the wil­derness, the Lord sha­keth the wilderness of Kad [...]sh. makes even the vast and savage wilderness, yea, that great and terrible one which the Israelites wandred in 40 years between Egypt and Canaan to­gether with the wild beasts and formidable creatures therein, which are so frightful to others, themselves to quake and tremble.

[Page 98] The voice of the Lord maketh the Hinds to calve, and discovereth the for­rests: and in his tem­ple doth every one speak of his glorie.9 This noise of thunder so terrifies the most wild and untamedst creatures, and which are of diffi­cult production, as are the Hinds, that it makes them prevent natures season, and for fear, untime­ly cast their young, and of such force it is, that it layes the forrest in many parts of it plain, by turn­ing up trees by the rootes, making a clear prospect through woods and groves. This is one way where­by God gets himself glorie, shewing this his great­ness to the amazement of all men and all things, and exspects of all men to be honoured thereafter. But another and better way whereby he is honoured, is, now in his tabernacle, and hereafter in his tem­ple, for saving-mercies with a sanctified worship; where all the faithful do and must resort to give him the glorie and praises not onely of his greatness manifested in his works, but chiefly of his goodness and mercie manifested in his word.

The Lord sitteth upon the floud: yea, the Lord sitteth King for ever.10 O that the Kings and great men of the earth would therefore be awed by his works, and won by his word to honour him, and subject themselves to him and his holy ordinances, and cease to rebel and rise up against him, by opposing his Church and peoples quiet; but if not, The Lord that commands the raging seas and subdues their force, can and will subdue theirs also, for he shall bring all his enemies be they never so great, under his feet, and will reign for ever in and for his Church, spite of all earthly power to the contrarie.

The Lord will give strength unto his people, the Lord will bless his people with pea [...]e.11 The Lord will give his people the better of their adversaries be they never so potent, and will establish them in peace and tranquillitie by and under me, as Christ shall his Church in inward spiritual [Page] peace and consolation, spite of all her enemies, the world, flesh, or devil.

The xxx. PSALM.

David upon his return to Ierusalem after Absaloms expulsion of him, dedicates his house anew, and thereat gratulates the mercies of God with this Psalm of praise for his deliverance and his enemies overthrow, exhorting the Israel of God to rejoyce with him, whom God had made such a monument of mercie to his people, whom though for sin he may af­flict, as he did him, yet will he remember mercie and hear their prayers as he did his, to the end they may ever have cause to praise him, as for his part he had, and for ever would.Psalm xxx. A Psalm and song, at the dedication of the house of David.

A Psalm of praise and thanks-giving made by Da­vid at his peaceable and victorious return to Je­rusalem after Absaloms rebellion, and appointed to be song with voice and instruments at the so­lemnity of dedicating his house, by purging it from those incestuous filthinesses committed in it, by him with his fathers concubines. Whom therefore he put apart, never to have any further knowledge of them.

1 AS I have great cause,I Will extol thee, O Lord, for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoyce over me. so, O Lord, I will great­ly magnifie the grace and mercie towards me, for thou hast again exalted me, and set me in my Kingdom, and given me the better of mine ene­mies that traiterously rebelled against me, and would have deposed me to have inthronized themselves in it.

2 Lord God of infinit power and goodness,O Lord, my God, I cried unto thee; and thou hast healed me. such thou hast approved thy self to me, when I was in distress I made thee mine onely refuge, to thee, alone did I in prayer and supplication make my moan, [Page 100] and of thee sought I relief, and thou hast according­ly quit me of all my troubles, and restored me to my Kingdom in peace and safety, as from death to life.

3 O Lord, to thy power and goodness do I wholly and solely ascribe my subsistence and recovery,O, Lord, thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit. so mi­raculous and wonderful hath been my deliverance from such dangers, that by no humane power could have been prevented from destroying me, hadst not thou preserved me alive beyond all humane hope or help.

4 O all ye my fellow-saints and servants, the a­dopted and called of the Lord,Sing unto the Lord, (O ye saints, of his;) and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness. joyn with me to bless and praise him with joyful hearts, in this my solemn memorial and thankful gratulation of his grace and faithfulness.

5 For this my strange and speedy deliverance and restorement;For his anger en­dureth but a moment; in his favour is life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy cometh in the morn­ing. whereby he hath made me a monu­ment of his goodness and mercie to his people, ever­lastingly in all ages, to encourage them to believe in him and pray to him, be their sin, and his displea­sure seemingly never so great, for that in faithfulness he will remember mercie even in judgement, to such his anger is short-lived, and makes the return of his favour much more sweet and precious like life from death. If his people by sin grieve him, he may justly withdraw the light of his countenance & grieve them, but grace and mercie sought to in faith and humilitie will soon remove the eclipse, it shall be but as an evening to a morning, the light of grace like that of nature will certainly return, and with advantage, for short sorrow makes welcome joy.

And in my pro­speritie I said I should never be moved.6 And I for my part can give a full testimonie of [Page 101] this his dealing in my behalf, for when as I was set­led peaceably in my Kingdom, and had brought un­der mine enemies, my heart began to contract secu­ritie and carnal confidence, not living by faith and prayer as at other times, but thought my self un­changeably happie, never dreaming of such a strange revolt and rebellion.

7 Acknowledging but with a mixture of too much carnal confidence in my present condition,Lord, by thy fa­vour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, and I was troubled. the grace of God in bestowing it on me, and establishing it unto me, not considering that he could as easily take it from me for sin, as bestow it on me in mer­cie; therefore God seeing cause, withdrew his favour and support from me, let me first fall into sin, and then into danger, to let me see what had preserved me from both, to wit, neither my goodness, nor my good condition, but his grace and favour, and that onely can do it. For notwithstanding all the obliga­tions on his part, and vows and promises on mine; yet so soon as he ceased to dispense his auxiliarie fa­vour and grace, I fell into monstrous folly, which wrought me this trouble and miserie.

8 And hereupon I betook me to my never failing refuge of fervent and faithful prayer,I cried to thee, O Lord: and unto the Lord I made supplica­tion. which I put up to the Lord again and again.

9 Reasoning the matter thus in an humble bold­ness,What profit is there in my bloud, when I go down to the pit? shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth? what satisfaction can my bloud make thee for my sin? or how can my death glorifie thee com­parably to my life and restorement? what an op­portunitie of praise wilt thou lose, if thou ta­kest away my life? though I confess in justice I have forfeited it: but consider if according to thy mercie and faithfulness, thou so far beyond my [Page 102] merits shalt pardon and spare me, what praise it will bring thee, and how I and others for my sake shall be set on work to admire and magnifie the om­nipotencie of thy grace, and infallibilitie of thy pro­mise.

Hear, O Lord, and have mercie upon me: Lord be thou mine helper.10 Therefore make not my life a prey to mine enemies, but hear my prayer, and in mercie pardon my sin, and grant me deliverance, be thou Lord my hel­per and saviour from my sin and danger.

Thou hast turn­ed for me my mourn­ing into dancing: thou hast put off my sack­cloth, and girded me with gladness.11 And upon my prayer the Lord hath helped me, yea, to thine everlasting praise be it spoken, thou, Lord, hast been merciful to me, and hast done away both my sin and thine anger; quit me of mine enemies, and restored me out of my sorrowful estate to a joyful condition, and out of my humiliation and abasement, into an established tranquillitie and hap­piness.

To the end that my glorie may sing praise to thee and not be silent: O Lord my God, I will give thanks unto thee for ever.12 And this thou hast done for me; To the end I may by this merciful occasion have my tongue oil­ed from a heart enlarged to exalt thee, in thy never to be forgotten praises, by Psalms of thanks-giving: and accordingly, O Lord, that art the God of all my happiness, I will never forget this thy mercie, but with everlasting thankfulness according to my dutie and thy desert, will I celebrate the praise thereof un­to thee.

The xxxi. PSALM.

David by many circumstances in this Psalm does doubtless intend his suffer­ings and the great straits he was brought into under Absaloms rebel­lion, against which he prayes, and comforts himself by, and from Gods former mercies shewn in his deliverance under Sauls persecu­tion; and in prayer urgeth hard upon God his great extremities un­der the burden of his sin and sufferings, together with his injurious [Page 103] usage, solitarie friendlesness, and extream hazard of his life. In all which afflictions he yet animates himself by his saith in God, and earnestly persists in prayer to him, even until he be fully heard and answered in his own preservation and his enemies overthrow. And then blames his faith for sailing him upon the suddenness and great­ness of his temptation, but magnifies the goodness of God that yet was merciful and faithful to him. And exhorts all the Godly never in no case to disbelieve the power and grace of God, assuring the faithful, that they shall ever find God so.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm xxxi. To the chief musician A Psalm of David. do I David that made this Psalm recom­mend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 THee,IN thee, O Lord, do I put my trust, let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousnes. O Lord, do I make mine onely refuge in all mine adversities, trusting in nothing but thy help, and grace, therefore at no time, no more now then heretofore let me miscarrie, nor my faith, nor self be rendred a scorn to mine adversa­ries, but do thou keep promise with me, and deli­ver me.

2 Lend an hearing ear to the prayer I put up un­to thee,Bow down thine ear to me, deliver me speedily, be thou my strong rock, for an house of defence to save me. and delay not to deliver me in mine ex­tremitie, which is urgent and requires speedy re­lief, as my faith makes thee, so let it find thee an all-sufficient support and safetie to me in all ad­verse fortune.

3 For truly thou art all in all to me,For thou art my rock, and my fortress: therefore for thy name sake lead me, and guid me. I have not any thing to trust unto, nor do I trust in any thing but thee for defence and preservation, there­fore for the honour of thy faithfulness whereupon I solely depend, take me into thy tuition, and trase out my way for me by thy gracious and wise provi­dence, that I be not ensnared by mine enemies.

4 Prevent their craftie counsels and subtile practisesPull me out of the net, that they have laid privily for me: for thou art my strength. [Page 104] against me, not suffering me to be entrap'd, but so directing me in all my ways as to shun their deceits, or if I by thine appointment and permitting provi­dence fall into their snares, deliver me out of them, for there are none too wise or too strong for thee, who art of wisdom and power sufficient either to prevent or to rescue me.

Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth.5 I betrust my life and safetie to nothing but thy custodie, there I deposit it now and for ever, and good cause have I, for thou hast given good testi­monie of thy tender care and love to it and me, thou hast rescued my life from temporal danger, and my soul from spiritual, and eternal. O Lord, thou hast hitherto made good thy word of grace, and so I trust wilt still.

I have hated them that regard ly­ing vanities: but I trust in the Lord.6 I have been tempted and perswaded in my ne­cessities to leave off depending on thee, and to take other courses like other men, but I have ever ex­pressed my dislike of such counsels, and reproved such counsellours that would have drawn me to seek mine advantages against mine enemies, as they do against me by sinful and unjustifiable proceedings, and have always both in word and deed declared my self to relie on the Lord for deliverance in his own way, and time.

I will be gl [...]d and rejoyce in thy mercie: for thou hast consi­dered my trouble; thou hast known my soul in adversities.7 And whilest I take this course, I know I shall rejoyce in the issue, yea, I promise and assure my self before-hand, that I shall ever have cause of gladness and joy in thy goodness and mercie, for thou wilt still have as thou hast ever had a tender re­gard of me in my troubles, testifying thy mindful­ness of me by my manifold extraordinarie preserva­tions and deliverances.

[Page 105]8 Which thou hast given me from mine arch­enemie Saul,And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemie: thou hast set my feet in a large room. who thought me his, and that I could not escape him, many a time, when yet I did; Yea, thou hast set me free out of all those troubles with ad­vantage of honour and happines.

9 And now,Have mercie up­on me, O Lord, for I am in trouble, mine eye is consumed with grief, yea, my soul and my belly. O Lord, do as thou hast done, shew me mercie in delivering me out of my present distress, for my trouble is very great, so that my sight is be­come dim with continual weeping, and my spirits and vitals are wasted and decayd within me by my pensivenes.

10 For my very life draws nigh to death with ex­tream grieving,For my life is spent with grief, and my years with sighing: my strength faileth because of mine ini­quitie, and my bones are consumed. and my time is cut off and shorten­ed by the exhausting of my spirits with incessant sighings and lamentations. Yea, my natural strenght decays and wasteth by reason of my sin and thy dis­pleasure, so that my very bones are sensibly enfeebled with it.

11 Mine old inveterate enemies and Sauls friends were all glad in heart to see mine affliction,I was a reproch among all mine ene­mies, but especially a­mong my neighbours, and a fear to mine ac­quaintance: they that did see me without sled from me. insulting thereupon, but especially was I most injuriously and reprochfully used by my neer allies and friends Absa­lom and Ancitophel, being forced to flie and shift for my self in a poor condition, in so much as that those that wished me well, and were mine entire friends and acquaintance, durst not owne me, or take part with me, almost all that saw me so changed, glad to forsake Jerusalem and flie for my life, did in like man­ner flie from me and save themselves.

12 Upon mine alteration I am become of no re­quest,I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind: I am like a broken vessel. but given for lost and undone, without all hope of recoverie, counted as a cast-away and contemptible man, in an irreparable condition.

[Page 106] For I have heard the slaunder of many, fear was on every side, while they took counsel together against me, they de­vised to take away my life.13 Yea, manifold slaunders and disgraceful inju­ries have come to mine ears, which by mine enemies are heaped upon me, to bring me into hatred and procure my destruction, so that every way I am beset with fears and dangers, by false rumors and secret plots and conspiracies devising to deprive me of my life and Kingdom.

But I trusted in thee, O Lord: I said, Thou art my God.14 But in my deepest distress, my faith failed me not, but that still I trusted firmly in thee, belie­ving and encouraging my self still with this; That by proof and promise I can say thou art my God in near relation, and dear affection what ever be­fall me.

My times are in thy hand: deliver me from the hand of mine enemies; and from them that perse­cute me.15 And besides I know my self and fortune are wholly in thine hands, and that nothing can befall me but by thy providence; notwithstanding the mali­cious hatred of mine enemies, thou canst preserve me from them that go about to destroy me; be they ne­ver so potent or politick, they cannot have their wills upon me to hurt me, except thou permit it, which I pray thee do not, but deliver me.

Make thy face to shine upon thy ser­vant: save me for thy mercies sake.16 I have long and grievously undergone thy di­spleasure, both inwardly and outwardly, I have felt thine ire, and the smart of my sin, which hath brought me near to ruin; now therefore Lord at last in tender mercie, pittie me and shew me some sign of favour to refresh my spirit withal, and give me some hopes of escape and recoverie, who, though a sinner, yet am thy servant, that thereby all men may see thy loving­kindness towards me, by thy delivering me out of this danger also, and restoring me to my former hap­pie condition, which how ever my sin deserves the contrarie, yet for thy mercie sake vouchsafe it.

[Page 107]17 Let not,Let me not be ashamed, O Lord, for I have called upon thee: let the wicked be ashamed, and let them be silent in the grave. O Lord, the misfortune which mine enemies hope to bring upon me, ever befal me to the disappointing of my hope, for I have trusted in thee, and prayed unto thee, which my wicked ene­mies have not done, therefore let them miscarrie, and let their hopes be frustrate; yea, let their vexa­tious courses receive an end, by themselves doing so; cut them off in thy displeasure, for nothing but their deaths will secure my life in peace and quietnes, and my name from opprobrie, so restless are they in mischievous devices against me both by word and deed.

18 Let the slaunderous mouths of my wicked ad­versaries be stopt after that sort,Let the lying lips be put to silence: which speak grievous things proudly and contemptuously a­gainst the righteous. they that through pride and malice lay mine honour in the dust through lies and contumelies, in thy justice Lord lay them there, for thou knowest me guiltless of their false aspersions, and innocent of that they accuse me.

19 O Lord,O how great is thy goodnes which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; wh [...]ch thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee, be­fore the s [...]ns of men! for all mine afflictions yet mine heart is much comforted in the faithful confidence of thy great goodness and mercie, which thou hast in store for such as are thine, and walk holily as thine, being careful to please and fearful to offend thee, as I am; and also because of the great ma­nifestation thou hast ever made of it in admirable preservations, and deliverances both of me and o­thers that have relied upon thee, in spite and sight of all our enemies.

20 Such shalt thou by special and extraordinary pro­vidence keep as safe as if they were in heaven,Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them se­cretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues. from the power of man, be he never so potent and proud with­all. Yea, all that they enmiously give out against [Page 108] them in brags and threats and slanderous suggestions, shall have no issue, but shall be as wind, so safe shalt thou keep them from all harm.

Blessed be the Lord; for he hath shewed me his mar­vellous kindness in a strong citie.21 What I say, I know by experience to be true; Blessed and magnified be the Lord for it, for as poor and destitute as I was left, so much the more marvellous hath his loving kindness appeared, that by his goodness and providence hath preserved me safe from the power and malice of mine enemie, so that no fortress though never so fortified could have better secured me.

For I said in my hast, I am cut off from before thine eyes: ne­vertheless thou hear­est the voice of my supplications, when I cried unto thee.22 For so great was my trouble, and desolate my condition, that upon the surprize, before I well bethought me of thy goodness and power, I appre­hended my self as given up by thee into mine ene­mies hands inevitably to be destroyed. Yet I had so much faith left, as to pray for preservation, though I could scarce hope it, and though my faith was weak in regard of deliverance. Yet in ferven­cie and supplication it was strong, and thou wast pleased in mercie to pass by mine infirmitie, and was intreated of me in my miserie, and effectually didst hear me, when in the anguish of my spirit I powred out my soul before thee.

O love the Lord, all ye his saints: for the Lord preserveth the faithful, and plen­tifully rewardeth the proud doer.23 Be you provoked by mine exhortation and ex­ample; O all ye Godly faithful ones, to take heed of ha­stie discontent and unbelief, let your condition be what it will be, still bear up in faith, have good thoughts of God; who, however he seems otherways, yet is firm in his affections towards you, and be you confident, that he both can and will preserve you, if you dare relie upon him, and will wait for him; the power, and pride [Page 109] of your enemies he will bring down, and in his own good time will make them plentifully taste the fruit of their evil ways, by powring upon them his heavie and just displeasure.

24 Be but stedfast and stout in faith when trials are upon you,Be of good cou­rage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in the Lord. do but then hold out in undaunted believing, and he shall give you inwardly by his spirit, and outwardly by his providence great stay and comfort of heart, even thus shall he do to all that chuse him and onely him to hope and trust in for protection. Take it upon my word, that speak it, both by prophesie and experience.

The xxxii. PSALM.

David sheweth what makes a man blessed, to wit, the justifying, pardoning, and sanctifying grace of God; which he affirms feelingly in the sense of his own miserie, the whilest it was suspended from him, and the happiness he had when God renewed it in him, whence he takes occasion to animate himself and all that are Godly in the faith of Gods goodness, and from his own experience perswades from stubbornness in sin, to yieldableness in piety, for that produceth nothing but miserie, but faith and holiness brings true joy and happiness.Psalm xxxii. A Psalm of David, Maschil.

A Psalm made by David upon the experimental mi­serie of the guilt of sin, instructing all men wherein true happiness onely consists.

1 ALl men would be happie and blessed,BLessed is he whose trans­gression is for­given, whose sin is co­vered. but all men are not so, whatever they think by them­selves, no, no one are, abound they never so in worldly felicitie, saving he and he onely, who by a lively faith laying hold of mercie in the vertue of a promise is sen­sible of the free pardon of all his transgressions, and of his being clothed upon with the imputed righte­ousness of his redeemer.

2 Blessed,Blessed is the man unto whom the Lord imputeth not iniqui­tie, and in whose spirit there is no guil. yea, I say again, onely blessed and happy is [Page 110] that man whom in mercie God freely justifies, and acquits from the guilt and punishment of his sin, and seals it to him by the never-failing testimonie of his sanctifying spirit, bestowed upon him, crea­ting him anew towards God in sinceritie and holi­ness.

When I kept si­lence, my bones wax­ed old; through my roaring all the day long.3 I can speak by experience, for when as I loved my sin, and lived in it, and was loth to confess and forsake it, not seeking pardon for it, nor grace a­gainst it, how bitter and burdensome at last did the Lord make it to me, tormenting me within with most insupportable horrours to the sensible decay of na­ture, by reason of his heavy displeasure, and the want of his favour, so that it made me restlesly to roar and crie.

For day and night thy hand was heavie upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah4 Yea, incessantly without intermission was I tor­mented with fear and terrour, so that I was even scorched, and my natural moisture dried up with in­ward anguish, like unto leaves and grass by a summers drought. I speak it freelingly.

I acknowledged my sin unto thee, and mine iniquitie have I not hid: I said I will confess my transgres­sion unto the Lord; and thou forgavest the iniquitie of my sin. Selah.5 This made me come off, and glad I was to ac­knowledge my sin unto thee, and ask forgiveness, which I did, not daring to conceal it any longer, but spread it before thee with confession and deprecation: And truly when once I did but feel my self through­ly and sincerely resolved in my spirit no longer to hide and harbour it in my bosom, but humbly in self-judging to lay it open before the Lord, present­ly hereupon I felt my heart eased of mine inward pressures, and cleared with the comfortable appre­hension of the pardon of the guilt and punishment of my sin, and thine acceptance of me into grace and fa­vour again. I speak it joyfully.

[Page 111]6 This testimonie of mine touching thy ready mercie to humble penitents,For this, shall eve­ry one that is Godly, pray unto thee in a time when thou may­est be found: surely in the flouds of great waters, they shall not come nigh unto him. shall incite by the faith thereof all that are, or desire to be Godly, to make their addresses to thee in their trouble for sin, in hope and full assurance to find the like mercie from thee in their miserie, which is a time indeed where­in thou art readiest to afford help and comfort. Surely in the greatest of outward troubles or in­ward perplexities such an one as flies to thee for refuge, shall find as I have done, that though like waves they may threaten and affright him, yet they shall not overwhelm him, but being in faith by prayer sought unto, thou wilt command a calm in his soul, as thou didst in mine.

7 Thou art the refuge that my soul still flies unto for succour in all distresses,Thou art my hi­ding place, thou shalt preserve me from trouble: thou shalt compass me about with songs of deliver­ance. Selah. and so thou hast approved thy self, and so wilt ever do in time of need: I am confident thou wilt never but shew me mercie in my miserie, and so wilt ever give me cause to praise thee, and rejoyce in thee, still as I have need of thee, by my mani­fold and seasonable deliverances. To thy glorie I speak it.

8 As I have learned of the Lord the way of wel­doing, so will I,I will instruct thee, and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guid thee with mine eye. as is my dutie teach it unto thee, who ever thou art, for thy welfare; out of a care and and desire of thy good. I will shew thee the readie and certain way of gaining the favour of God, as I have found it, and seen the experience of it, so will I declare it to thee.

9 Which is this,Be ye not as the horse or as the mule which have no un­derstanding: whose mouths must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee. walk humbly with thy God, and be tractable to his will and pleasure, not rebelliously per­sisting [Page 112] in sin, and so foolishly provoking him against thee to reduce thee by extremities, as we are fain to do brute beasts, or plague thee with his judgements, to keep thee within compass.

Many sorrows shall be to the wic­ked: but he that trust­eth in the Lord, mercy shall compass him a­bout.10 For the wicked by their wickedness do but kick against pricks, and heap up judgement to them­selves. But he that is the Lords by faith and obe­dience, the sails of his soul shall be filled with the comfortable sense of Gods mercie and favour to him, and he shall find the good effects thereof in the whole course of his life.

Be glad in the Lord, and rejoyce ye righteous: and shout for joy all ye that are up [...]ight in heart.11 Therefore if the wicked will still be so, at their peril. But as for the Godly they have chosen the better part, for the Lord is their portion, in whom they may and ought to be glad and rejoyce, even all that believe in him for the pardon of their sins, and are sanctified by his holy spirit; such, whatsoever the world think of them, that are thus sincere and truly Godly (which all are not that make profession, and shew of religion) have infinit cause of joy, in their blessed and happie condition, which they shall do well to put in practise, and make conscience of, by an answerable actual rejoycing and comfortable course of life to the conviction of the world, and the honour of God.

The xxxiii. PSALM.

In this Psalm the Godly are incited exceedingly to praise the Lord, because of their faithful experience of his word and works, his holy nature, good­ness, and power, manifested all the world over, for which all men also ought to reverence him. But principally his people Israel whose happi­ness he hath decreed, and will bring to pass maugre all opposition of contrarie counsels and attempts; in case they walk with him and hope in him, he will be with them. He underrates for Israel (in the name [Page 113] of all the faithful) that they will and do effectually hope in the Lord, and promiseth in so doing, they shall speed accordingly, and lastly prayes it may be so.Psalm xxxiii.

1 O all ye chosen Israel, who are or should be Saints and servants of the Lord,REjoyce in the Lord, O ye righteous, for praise is comely for the upright. rejoyce, and be ex­ceeding glad all those that are so, in that you have him for your portion, and truly better and more seemly service they cannot do him that are partakers of his grace and spirit, than to render him praise for his love and benefits towards them.

2 Never think you can give too many or too much praise to God,Praise the Lord with harp: sing unto him with the psalte­rie, and an instrument of ten strings. but learn to be skilful in it, and every way in the very best manner, and with the most raised affections look you perform it to him, that so highly deserves it at your hands.

3 As he vouchsafes new mercies,Sing unto him a new song, play skil­fully with a loud noise. so still do you indite new praises to him with thankful hearts, set all your skill and might on work to magni­fie him.

4 For the word of promise which he hath made to the righteous is firm to be trusted,For the word of the Lord is right: and all his works are done in truth. and will not de­ceive the believing soul, but is and ever shall be true to him, and all his works of power and providence to­wards them, and against their enemies are the fruits of his mercy and faithfulness.

5 The Lord is righteous and holy,He loveth righte­ousness and judge­ment: the earth is full of the goodness of the Lord. hates the wayes of the world, injury and oppression; and contrarily loves justice and equity, and such as pra­ctise them; he is bountiful also, and out of his good­ness fills the earth with abundance of good things for the use of man.

6 And as his goodness,By the word of the Lord we [...]e the heavens made: and all the host of them, by the breath of his mouth. so his power wonderfully appears in the world, for at his meer command, the [Page 114] heavens and all those lightsome glorious ornaments therein were made, and other way of Being they had none, saving his command to Be.

He gathereth the waters of the sea to­gether, as an heap: he layeth up the depth in store houses.7 And as the heavens above, so the earth beneath sheweth his infinite power, for thereto hath he given a surface above the waters, which he hath (notwith­standing they were once uppermost, and would be so again) confined to their concave, or the pit he digged for them; for all their fluid and spreading nature, there he keeps them safe from breaking out, and over­whelming the earth again.

Let all the earth fear the Lord: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of him.8 And as the faithfully righteous have cause to praise the Lord for his word and works, as being hap­py in him for their God, that is of such power and truth: so also from that light and power which is im­parted to them out of the creation, should all the world, one and other submit to his authority, and know it to be their duty to honour and obey him, re­verencing his commandments, and fearing his power­full judgements.

For he spake and it was done, he com­manded and it stood fast.9 For all things that they see how great and won­derfull soever, above and beneath them, were made meerly by his f [...]at or word of command; yea, the great and weighty globe of the earth was established for ever by its sole and onely center, without any other prop or pillar through the Almighty command of God for it so to be.

The Lord bring­eth the counsel of the heathen to nought: he maketh the devices of the people of none ef­fect.10 And the Lord is as wise as powerfull, defeating in his peoples behalf all the machinations that their enemies device against them; frustrating and making ineffectual all the plots of the Gentils round about, against his chosen.

The counsel of the Lord standeth for ever, the thoughts of his heart to all gene­rations.11 For the gracious purposes of the Almighty to­wards [Page 115] his shall stand good, spite of all opposing pow­er and policy; yea, they shall never be frustrated, but ever be effectual and succesfull in the behalf of those that trust in him, to the worlds end.

12 O therefore blessed are we above all the world,Blessed is the na­tion whose God is the Lord; and the people whom he hath chosen for his own inheri­tance. who have the knowledge and worship of the true God, and so have him in a special manner gra­cious to us, and Lord over us. Yea, happy are the people whom he hath picked out from amongst all people unto the adoption of sons and servants, as we are.

13 This God,The Lord look­eth from heaven: he beholdeth all the sons of men. who is our God, is in heaven, and from thence he beholds and governs all men, and all their actions.

14 Yea,From the place of his habitation, he looketh upon all the inhabitants of the earth. from heaven the place of his most glorious and special residence doth he all-know­ingly see and dispose of all men, and all things here below.

15 The Lord knows all men within and with­out,He fashioneth their hearts alike: he considereth all their works. for he made all, and therefore knows all, no man made himself, but he alike made all as any, and therefore knows all as well as any, even the subtilest and wisest devices of the deepest politicians he is privy to, and considers the events, ordering them after his mind, and not after theirs.

16 So that be mans confidence never so great,There is no King saved by the multi­tude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength. though he be a King and have never such authority, and power, or if for bodily strength he be equal to a Giant, yet can it neither conquer, nor keep himself from being conquered, if God be not purposed to fa­vour him.

17 If God help not,An horse is a vain thing for safety: neither shall he deli­ver any by his great strength. nothing can, an Horse which men trust much in, be he never so swift or strong, will [Page 120] deceive; and can neither safeguard his rider, nor harm his opposer if God forbid it.

Behold, the eye of the Lord is upon them that fear him: upon them that hope in his mercy.18 The gracious favour and good providence of God is worth all, which they are sure of that in fear obey him, and by faith trust in his goodness and mercy, over whom he keeps a carefull and watch­ful eye.

To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.19 To deliver them from the deadly plots of their enemies, and other dangerous perils, and to sustain and provide for them in times of scarcity and want, when he lets other men starve.

Our soul wait­eth for the Lord: he is our help and our shield.20 We therefore that are the Lords people ought, (and I hope we do) with one heart and mind, faithful­ly and affectionately seek to him and trust in him, as our onely preserver and defendor, as do and ever will the faithful.

For our heart shall rejoyce in him: because we have trust­ed in his holy name.21 And this we may be sure of, that we shall find him faithfull, he will not fail us but we shall have cause of joy and thanksgiving in the manifestation of his grace and favour to us; if so be that we fail not to put our trust stedfastly in his power and goodness, which for his holiness sake can never deceive them that trust therein, as do the faithful.

Let thy mercy (O Lord) be upon us, according as we hope in thee.22 Let, Lord, accordingly thy merciful loving-kindness and gratious providence be for ever vouch­safed unto thy people who make thee their stay and strength alone.

xxxiv. PSALM.

For his deliverance mentioned in the title, David, in the ravishing appre­hension thereof, excites himself and others to praise the Lord greatly, [Page 117] and to believe in him so too, promising as he sped, so should they in so doing, be their danger never so great, and their help humanely never so small. He would have them that doubt it but try him by trusting, and assureth them they shall experimentally find all true that he sayes touching Gods goodness. And out of his duty to God and love to the godly he instructs them as a pro­phet, and from his own experience, how to out-live temptations and afflicti­ons, and be happy and blessed; to wit, by eschewing evil and doing good; for to such and such onely the Lord is good and gracious, for the wicked shall certainly smart for their wickedness, it shall cost them their undoing.

A Psalm made by David, Psalm xxxiv. A Psalm of David, when he changed his behaviour before Abi­melech: who drove him away, and he de­parted. when as, being forced to flie from Saul, and not knowing where to be safe in Israel, he betook himself to Gath of the Philistins, where being known, by reason of his late conquest of Goliah, and hated for the destruction that befel their Host thereby, he was therefore in great dan­ger, and put to his shifts to feign himself mad, for which being contemned of the King he was dismis­sed his presence, and so escaped again to Judea.

1 SO great hath been the goodness and power of God in my behalf,I will bless the Lord at all times: his praise shall conti­nually be in my mouth. as that I will never forget to magnifie him for it, but will ever bear it in remem­brance and continually be speaking of his praise-wor­thy mercies to me in my deliverance.

2 Yea,My soul shall make her boast in the Lord: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad. from my very soul and inmost affections will I praise him, and confidently tell both what he hath done, and what thereupon I believe he will do for me, whereby I shall I am sure incourage all self-denying believers to the worlds end, to hope in him in trouble and adversity, and for present shall have such as fear God, and wish me well, partakers of my joy.

3 And such I call upon to help me in exalting the Lord,O magnifie the Lord with me, and let us exalt his name to­gether. and with heart and voice to joyn with me in magnifying his loving-kindness and power, the better to amplifie his praises.

[Page 118] I sought the Lord and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.4 For I in mine extremity put up my prayers faithfully and fervently to the Lord, and was present­ly answered, and freed from my dangers by his good providence.

They looked un­to him, and were light­ened: and their faces were not ashamed.5 And as it was with me, so shall it be for certain with other his people, that from mine example hum­bly rely upon him, and in extremity not knowing which way to turn them, with fervency of spirit by faithful prayer and ejaculation cast their eyes towards heaven, they shall find favour, and have a way shewed them to escape in the greatest and doubtfullest dan­gers, nor shall they have cause to hide their heads, because of their miscarrying, for God will deliver them, and they shall praise him.

This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him; and saved him out of all his troubles.6 They shall make me their instance and incou­ragement of their faith, how that as I in my poor and hazardous condition cried to the Lord for mercy, and was graciously heard and delivered, so they shall take heart to do the like in a like estate, in confidence of like success from God, who is graciously pittiful to all that in affliction faithfully seek to him, as I did.

The Angel of the Lord, encampeth round about them that fear him, and deliver­eth them.7 Nor matters it how humanely helpless and de­solate any such seem to be, for God hath given his faithful and obedient people in charge to Christ, and his ministering spirits the holy Angels, to yield them divine assistance, who accordingly have a watchful eye over them to prevent their hurt and procure their good, maugre all their enemies▪

O tast & see that the Lord is good, bles­sed is the man that trusteth in him.8 Make but proof of God as I have done by be­lieving in him and relying on him, and you shall find him no worse, but by faith and experience shall be able to affirm him as I do, to be sensibly gracious and good to such as seek to him, for it is as true and un­deniable [Page 119] as any thing can be, that he certainly and he alone is blessed, and shall be happy that makes him and him onely his trust and confidence.

9 O therefore stick close to the Lord you that are his people,O fear the Lord ye his Saints: for there is no want to them that fear him. and depart not from him, be your tempta­tion what it will be, by mistrust or misdoing, for be sure of it you shall not want the Lords gracious pre­sence with you, and providence for you, if you so do.

10 Faithfully relying upon,The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger: but they that seek the Lord shall not want any good thing. and seeking to the Lord, is the most effectual and prosperous way any man can take, all else is fallible; wisdom, strength, whatsoever is relied upon. Though a man had the force and courage of the stoutest lion, yet, as they not­withstanding theirs go without their prey till provi­dence supply it them, so shall he notwithstanding his, of what he stands in need, if he seek it not of God, who onely is to be confided in, and sought to for whatsoe­ver we need or desire, for to such hath he engaged himself as farre as is desireable, even to give them what is good for them, whatever else they want, God and his goodness shall be theirs to their hearts con­tentment.

11 Come all ye that are the children of the most High,Come ye chil­dren, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of the Lord. and as dear to me, as mine, and that in love and meekness desire to walk well-pleasingly towards God. Give ear to what I say as an experienced man and true Prophet: And it shall shew you your hearts desire, even how to walk acceptably with him.

12 What man is he that doth desire to out-live his enemies,What man is he that desireth life, and loveth many dayes that he may see good? and the miseries he sustains by them, and would be blessed of God with a long and happy life, which though all would have, yet all men take not the way to get, but by their sin procure themselves [Page 120] misery and destruction, therefore hearken thou to such instructions as will effect it.

Keep thy tongue from evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.13 Do what God commands thee in word and deed, refrain thy tongue and lips from revengeful slaunders, or deceivable lies to or against any.

Depart from e­vil, and do good: seek peace and pursue it.14 Be not tempted or enticed either by the provo­cations of thy nature, or the worlds corruptions to wrong or deceit, and on the contrary study and endea­vour to walk holily and righteously in all things to­wards God and men, in all manner of well-doing, seek the favour of God carefully, maintain peace with men and pursue it earnestly, with the uttermost self-denial, in meek, holy, and righteous walking.

The eyes of the Lord are upon the righteous, and his ears are open unto their cry.15 For onely they are in favour with God, and have the eyes of the Lord watchful over them for good, that are good, and he is very inclinable to hear the cries of such in affliction, and to send them relief accordingly.

The face of the Lord is against them that do evil; to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.16 But on the contrary in stead of a long and hap­py life, the anger of the Lord is against them that are evil, whom by his judgements he shall in justice cut off, both them and theirs.

The righteous cry, & the Lord hear­eth; and delivereth them out of all their troubles.17 The good its true may be afflicted as well as the bad, but with this difference, that they have the Lord to go, and bewail themselves, unto; and the Lord hath promised to hear them, and hath ap­proved himself manifoldly as good as his word, and so will still to such, for if they call, he will answer, and ease them of their troubles.

The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart: and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.18 For the Lord is apt to pitty them that he sees humbled under his afflicting hand, and very ready to relieve them in their extremities; and doth de­liver them that self-judgeingly in the sense of their [Page 121] unworthiness in time of misery seek to him for mercy.

19 Those that are righteous and live godly,Many are the afflictions of the righ­teous: but the Lord delivereth him out of them all. have many enemies, and suffer as many if not more trials and afflictions than do the wicked, but still as I say with this difference, the Lord that brings them in, leads them out.

20 And spite of all the power and malice of their enemies,He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken. who if they could would grind them to pow­der, yet shall they not be able to fasten the least evil upon them, which the wise providence of God not ap­pointed for their good, for he keeps them so safe, that not so much as their little finger shall take hurt, or a hair of their head perish by any will or power of man.

21 But now contrary-wise,Evil shall slay the wicked: and they that hate the righte­ous shall be desolate. the malicious evil wayes of the wicked shall be their utter ruine, and they that wickedly persecute the godly, shall in stead of com­passing their destruction, procure their own and their posterities for ever.

22 Whereas for the comfort of the godly,The Lord re­deemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate. let the lives of his people that faithfully trust in him, and dutifully serve him, be it never such hazard and danger by the power of their enemies, yet he that redeemed their souls from everlasting destructi­on, can and will preserve and deliver them; I can put a probatum est unto it; and none of all those that depend upon him and trust in him, shall be destroyed by the wrath of man, as shall the wicked by the wrath of God, for he will preserve them, I know by experience.

The xxxv. PSALM.

David in the name of Christs and the Churches enemies, prayes for the confusi­on of his own, because of their unjust and inhumane dealing, promising ex­ceedingly to praise God, when he shall be delivered from their violence and wrong: making God the judge betwixt him and them, and praying him to maintain his innocency against their unrighteousness by making them exam­ples of his justice, and him of his mercy; so shall he purchase to himself much praise from the whole Church, but specially from himself, which he shall be sure of.

Psalm xxxv. A Psalm of David. A Psalm made by David.

PLead my cause (O Lord) with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me.1 O Lord oppose mine opposers; be thou the de­fendor of mine innocency, and the preserver of my life against my slanderous back-biters, and per­secuting enemies, to whom be thou an enemy.

Take hold of shield and buckler, & stand up for mine help.2 I have no help but thine, therefore quit thee an­swerably to the affiance I put in thee for my defence, for thou art mine all in all, therefore stand to me and appear for me, fail me not, but by thine Almighty power defend and keep me safe from my violent ad­versaries.

Draw out also the spear, and stop the way against them that persecute me: say unto my soul, I am thy sal­vation.3 Nor onely defend me, but also offend them that would offend me, secure me from my persecutors, and prevent their cruel designs upon me. Let thine actions outwardly speak thy loving kindness towards me, and inwardly perswade mine heart to firm affiance in thee amidst mine afflictions.

Let them be con­founded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back & brought to confusion that de­vise my hurt.4 O Lord thou knowest in what place thou hast set me, not as a private man therefore for revenge, but as a Prophet and publick person representing thy Christ and Church do I accurse mine enemies, and pray that they may not prosper in their designs, but [Page 123] that confusion and destruction may be the portion of them that persecute my life, let them be discomfited and brought to ruine, that plot mine.

5 Let thy violent and sudden judgements sweep them away past all help.Let them be as chaff b [...]fore the wind: and let the Angel of the Lord chase them. Yea with a divine and unre­sistable power from heaven do thou utterly defeat all their humane power wherein they put such con­fidence.

6 And let them totally miscarry in their discomfi­ture,Let their way be dark and slippery, and let the Angel of the Lord persebute them. so that they may not know how to escape to save themselves, but void of power and policy let them stumble and fall, and be followed at the heels by thine immediate judgements, until they be over­taken and quite destroyed.

7 Yea,For without cause have they hid for me their net, in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul. Lord, let them be catched in thy trap, as they have endeavoured to catch me in theirs, using all manner of deceit and craft to compass my destructi­on, and to take away my life unjustly, without any de­sert or cause given by me.

8 Measure to mine enemy as he would measure to me.Let destruction come upon him at una­wares, and let his net that he hath hid, catch himself, into that very destruction let him fall. Let sudden destruction befall him, when he least fears himself, and makes most sure of me; Yea, let him be caught in his own very craft, and the self-same ruin he intends to me let it fall on him.

9 So wilt thou give me cause of rejoycing in thee,And my soul shall be joyful in the Lord: it shall rejoyce in his salvation. and thy favour towards me; yea, and accordingly I will exceedingly rejoyce in thy saving mercy, and will praise thee for it, ascribing all my safety to it.

10 Yea,All my bones shall say, Lord, who is like unto thee, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him? both soul and body, each part and facul­ty, with all their might, in a joynt and joyful accla­mation, shall feelingly break out into unexpressible praises and thankful acknowledgements, of thy tran­scendent power and goodness in my behalf. So that I [Page 124] will make faithful publication of thee to be a non-such for poor afflicted persons to trust in, and seek to, when they are distressed and over-powered by unjust violence, yea, for the most impotent and despicable person living to flie to, to be righted and relieved on him that wrongfully violates and oppresseth him, be he never so much too hard for him.

False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.11 Thou, O Lord, knowst how falsly I (as Christ shall be) am accused by mine injurious adversaries, to Saul; who by might suppresses right, and I can get no hearing, but am partially and unduly proceeded against, as guilty of such things, as, never so much as came in my thoughts, nor am not suffered to clear my self.

They rewarded me evil for good, to the spoiling of my soul.12 Yea, they have dealt most inhumanely with me, requiting all the good service that I have done them, by preserving their lives with the apparent ha­zard of mine own, against their enemies; with the go­ing about enviously to deprive me of mine, as they shall Christ of his.

But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sack­cloth: I humbled my soul with fasting, and my prayer returned into mine own bo­some.13 Their carriage towards me, is not as mine to them, for when they ailed any thing, were sick or in trouble, so far was I from wishing them ill as is falsely suggested, that I fasted and prayed for thy mercy to them and deliverance of them, as for my self, though I now perceive God having rejected them for their wickedness, I lost my labour, but not my reward, for I have the comfort of a self-excusing consci­ence by it.

I behaved my self as though he had been my friend, or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.14 Thou, Lord, knowest what manner of duty and love I bare to Saul, how that had he been my brother a thousand times, I could not have borne and shewed more tender affections to him than I did. Yea, my [Page 125] sorrow was as natural and passionate for him, as a childs for his mother.

15 But alas,But in mine ad­versity they rejoyced and gathered them­selves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together a­gainst me, and I know it not, they did tear me and ceased not. how differently have they walked to­wards me, driving me into adversity, and rejoycing at it, all that envied and maligned me combining to­gether against me, to bring me to ruin and hatred: yea, base unworthy wretches, men of flattering and lying tongues laid their heads together to accuse and calumniate me, which (being innocent) I suspected not; incessantly back-biting me, and slandering mine innocency.

16 They have scornfully derided me at their feasts and in their cups,With hypocriti­cal mockers in feasts: they gnashed upon me with their teeth. even such as I thought had been my friends, but they prove false ones; and have uttered their spitefull aspersions of me, and threats against me.

17 O Lord,Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions. be moved to compassionate me, and be not always a spectator of my miseries, and a tolerator of mine enemies cruelties, but take me and my cause into thy merciful consideration, and let not my life be a prey to their hatred, but preserve and deliver my pretious soul, that principal part, from the malicious rage of them that would unjustly deprive me of it by cruel death.

18 Which when thou shalt have done,I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people. and made me partaker of thy publick ordinances, from which mine enemies have driven me; I will promise to mag­nifie and praise thee with sacrifices of thanksgiving in the face of all Israel, gathered together at thy San­ctuary.

19 Seeing I stand for the right,Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoyce o­ver me: neither let them wink with the eye, that hate me without a cause. let not mine ene­mies that maintain a wrong cause against me ever have their wills upon me, and rejoyce at mine unjust overthrow, never let [...]hem have cause mockingly to [Page 126] insult, and contemptuously to jear in their sleeves at my destruction, that they causelesly hunt after and hope for.

For they speak not peace, but they devise deceit [...]ul mat­ters against them that are quiet in the land.20 For mine enemies are so implacably and vio­lently bent against me, that no parley or hope of peace can be had at their hands, but they practise all manner of wayes by false accusations and treacherous machi­nations to molest and harm me, yea, utterly to ruin me that would fain live peaceably by them in the land of Israel, without doing or thinking any harm unto them, and not be driven thence.

Yea, they opened their mouth wide a­gainst me, and said Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it.21 They have made me their table-talk, belch­ing out their hatred against me in impudent false as­sertions; and joyful expressions at my misery.

This thou hast seen (O Lord) keep not silence: O Lord be not far from me.22 This their carriage towards me, O Lord, thou art privy to, and hast seen their malice, forbear no longer to rebuke them for it. O Lord, whom I serve and trust, be not deaf to my cries; nor a stranger to my wrongs, but take my part, and send me speedy help.

Stir up thy self, & awake to my judge­ment, even unto my cause, my God and my Lord.23 Be provoked by mine enemies outrage, and my wronged innocency to execute judgement on mine and my causes behalf upon the wrong-doers, O my most gracious and Almighty Lord God.

Judge me, O Lord my God, accor­ding to thy righteous­ness, and let them not rejoyce over me.24 Such is my reighteousness and innocency in this matter, as I put it into thine hands to be judge of, and pray thee, O thou my righteous and good God, in thy justice and faithfulness to defend the cause of thy ser­vant; where the fault is there let the punishment light, and let not them that are wicked have cause to rejoyce at my destruction, that am innocent.

Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, we have swallowed him up.25 Let them never have cause to rejoyce in my ruin, and say when they see it: It is as we would have it; let them not prey upon me, and boast themselves [Page 127] against me, and say, we have our desire.

26 Let them,Let them be a­shamed and brought to confusion together, that rejoyce at mine hurt; let them be clothed with shame, & dishonour that magni­fie themselves against me. O Lord, as enemies to Christ and his Church be shamefully defeated of their hopes, and brought to utter destruction, even the whole rout of them, that unjustly wish me ill, and rejoyce to see it befall me. Let disgrace and obloquy be their portion that seek to make it mine, and that proudly insult over me in my misery.

27 And on the contrary,Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favour my righte­ous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let the Lord be mag­nified, which hath pleasure in the pro­sperity of his servant. let them as friends of Christ and his Church have their hearts desire, and their bellies full of joy and comfort, that out of love and pitty to mine innocency, and the cause of Christ as it is engaged in me, wish well to me and take part with me; Let such have cause for ever to remember with praise and thankfulness thy loving-kindness and mer­cy to me: thine annointed and chosen one, shewn in my preservation and prosperous success against mine enemies, and in thy vindication of mine innocency against my false malignant accusers.

28 And I for mine own part promise,And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness, and of thy praise all the day long. that thy praises shall never die on my hand, but when as thou shalt have fulfilled thy goodness and truth to me, I will all my life long preach and declare thy faithful­ness and grace for the defence of thy people, and thy righteous judgements against their wicked enemies, to invite others to trust in thee, and wait upon thee, of both which I shall be then a singular example, which I will perpetually publish, to thy no less singular glory.

The xxxvi. PSALM.

David gives (as I conceive) the character of Saul and the rest of his enemies, branding them deeply for wicked men, and treacherous: But with all in­courageth [Page 128] himself in the superlative faithfulness, mercy and loving-kind­ness which God hath promised, and keeps in store for his people that serve him, and trust in him, which shall not deceive them: and which he prayes may be ever the portion of all the godly, but more especially of himself, in his preservation, and his enemies destruction.

Psalm xxxvi. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David, the servant of the Lord. To him that is first and principal of all the Quire, is recommended (for the care and ordering of it to be sung) by David, the designed and dedicated ser­vant of the Lord, this Psalm which himself made.

THe transgressi­on of the wick­ed saith within my heart, that there is no fear of God before his eye [...].1 THe constant course of wickedness, which ap­pears in my perverse and malicious enemies, adures me that I may with a safe conscience censure them to be wicked men, void of all conscience and piety, enemies to God and goodness, and that both they and their cause is naught.

For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hate­ful.2 It clearly appears they are so, for that they proudly bolster up themselves in their own evil wayes, without remorse or amendment, and so its like will ever do till God by his judgements convince them, how hateful they are.

The words of his mouth are iniquity & deceit: he hath left off to be wise, and to do good.3 They make no conscience to slander and dissem­ble, they have quite given over the profession and pra­ctise of godliness and honesty, counting it foolishness, and practise nothing but craft and iniquity, as if that were the onely wisdom.

He deviseth mis­chief upon his bed, he setteth himself in a way that is not good; he abhorreth not evil.4 They set all their wits a work to do mischief, night and day, early and late, they make a very trade of it, with might and main endeavoring to work wickedness, never scrupeling to act any thing, be it ne­ver so sinful, but the worse it is the better they like it.

Thy mercy, O Lord, is in the hea­vens; and thy faith­fulness reacheth unto the clouds.5 Yet have I no cause to dread them▪ considering how far thy mercy and truth, wherein I trust, is able do for me, above what they can do against me, which [Page 129] as far exceeds them,Thy righteousnes is like the great mountains; thy judge­ments are a great deep; O Lord, thou preservest man and beast. their power and policie; as the heavens and the clouds above do the earth beneath.

6 Thy righteousnes goes as far beyond all that they by unrighteousnes can do against thy people, as great mountains do little mole-hills, and thy wisdom is not to be fathomed by reason; it is to it, as the Sea to shallowes. All thine infinit excellencies are thy peoples inheritances, whom thou certainly wilt pre­serve and bless maugre their enemies, who notwith­standing the worlds sinfulness preservest man and beast, of thy meer faithfulness, and them much more

7 Thy goodness appears to be so great in thy pro­mises,How excellent is thy loving kindness' O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow o [...] thy wings. and such abundance of loving kindness and mercie is held forth therein, as that it is a most sweet and powerful attraction to draw men to thee, to trust in thee for salvation and protection, whose eyes thou openest, and whose hearts thou disposest.

8 And such as do convert to thee,They shall be a­bundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house: and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures. and repose them­selves upon thee with trust and confidence, they shall not repent it, but shall feel and find infinit soul-satis­faction in the track of pietie and use of holy ordi­nances, and thou shalt utterly quench their thirst af­ter the world and sin, by inspiring them with thy di­vine and heavenly grace and consolation, to their sur­passing ravishment and content.

9 For in thee,For with thee is the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light. and from thee onely is the life of grace and true consolation to be had, in the light of thy countenance and gracious favour shining upon us, and by thy illuminating us therewith, we shall have inward light and happiness, when we are otherways never so in darkness, and infelicitie.

10 O Lord,O continue thy loving kindness unto them that know thee; and thy righteousness to the upright in heart. as thou hast promised so perform thy [Page 130] grace and favour to them that are enlightned by thee, and drawn to thee, withdraw not the light of thy coun­tenance from such as serve thee and believe in thee, but shine upon thy faithful and sincere people, and bless them with preservation and safetie answerable to thy promise and their trust.

Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.11 As thou hast, so still continue to succour me, and prevent the attempts of my proud and wicked ene­mies upon me, who would tread me under foot, let them not with all their might and malice be able to stagger my faith in thee, nor compass my ruin.

There are the workers of iniquitie fallen: they are cast down, and shall not be able to rise.12 But let me for my part be able to see by expe­rience and to say to thy glorie. There are my wicked enemies, for all their pride and power destroyed by the just judgement of God, and that (according to thy promise) by thine almighty power, they are utterly subdued under me, and fallen without likelihood of recoverie.

The xxxvii. PSALM.

David grounding much upon his own experience and observation of Gods deal­ing with himself, presseth many excellent exhortations upon the people of God, advising them to patience, faith, and comfort in God, promising them in so doing a happie issue to themselves, and an unhappie to their wicked adversaries, which exhortations and promises doubled and redoubled, the better to take impression, and beget incouragement, is the substance of this whole Psalm.Psalm xxxvii. A Psalm of David.

A Psalm made by David.

FRet not thy self because of evil doers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquitie.1 BE not thou that belongest to God angrie or a­grieved to see wicked men to prosper, and to go unpunished in the world, neither envie thou the happi­ness of sinners in their affluence of worldly felicitie, nor be moved by it to step out of thy way, into theirs.

[Page 131]2 For it is but for a very little while that they do so,For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither as the green herb. their happines is short-lived, commonly God by some unexpected judgement and untimely end snatches them from it, or if not, yet at best its mortal like them­selves, and dieth with them.

3 But whilest they trust in their strength or store,Trust in the Lord, and do good, so shalt thou dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. do thou trust in God, and whilest they go on in sinning, do thou go on in serving the Lord, so shalt thou and thy posteritie inherit the promise of life and blessing to sur­vive the wicked, maugre their power and malice that at present Lord it, as if life and inheritances were not the gifts of God, but theirs by an indeleble proprietie, whom yet God will extirpate; and doubt not but trust­ing in him, and being careful to do thy dutie to him, he will provide what is needful for thee, and will bless thee with convenient food and raiment, as much as a gracious heart, and contented mind desires; for God­liness hath the promise of this life, and that which is to come, they shall not hinder it.

4 Also the whilest they make riches and pleasures their God and greatest good,4 Delight thy self also in the Lord; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. do thou make God and his good grace, thy riches and chief delight, and so God will give thee what shall be for thy good, and withhold from thee what may do thee hurt, which is the desire of every gracious heart.

5 Be not over solicitous and careful in and about thine affairs,Commit thy way unto the Lord: trust also in him, and he shall bring it to pass. but ease thy mind on God when thou art engaged in his cause, or by his providence, pass them over to him to manage for thee, trusting withall, that according to his goodness and faithfulness he will or­der and dispose them, and thou shalt find every thing to prosper better in his hands than in thine, and a good success to follow upon it.

[Page 132] And he shall bring forth thy righteous­ness as the light, and thy judgement as the noon-day.6 And though thy pietie and innocencie may be rewarded with obloquy and oppression, yet be sure the time will come, and be comforted in it, when God shall right all thy wrongs, and vindicate thine uprightness (if thou trust in him to do it) to thy full satisfaction, and the worlds conviction, as certainly as light springs out of darkness, and day out of night, and as clear­ly as the sun shines in his greatest brightness, for all eyes to see it.

Rest in the Lord, and wait patiently for him: fret not thy self because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass.7 How ever things frame, relie thou upon God with a stedfast unwavering faith, and a quiet content­ed mind, be not hastie nor impatient of the end, but stay Gods leasure submissively to his will, and be­lievingly in his promise to the very uttermost period of his pleasure. And though thou in a good cause go by the worse, and others in a bad one succeed and pro­sper; yet let it not unsettle thy faith, or distemper thy spirit to see wicked men fortunate, in wicked ways and evil designs.

Cease from anger, [...] forsake wrath: [...]et not thy self in any wise to do evil.8 At any rate suppress passionate misprisions of God his truth or righteousness, and beware of casting off a meek spirit, and entertaining a wrathful envious disposition incident in such temptations, let not di­stemper seize upon thee however matters go, but spe­cially not so far as to move thee to forgo thy faith and and obedience, and to fall to sinful shifts and practises.

For evil doers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the Lord, they shall inherit the land.9 For so thou and they shall fare alike, even both be cut off in Gods displeasure, whereas if thou hold on in patient and faithful waiting on the Lord, thou shalt at last find it to be the most successeful and prosperous course, and that in so doing God will bless and provide for thee, when as they and their hopes shall perish.

For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be▪ ye [...], thou shalt diligently con­sider his place, and i [...] shall not be.10 For if thou wilt but have a little patience, and stay [Page 133] Gods leasure, it shall not be long before the wicked have their reward, though God may let them prosper for a while, yet the time will come when either their happiness shall be taken from them, or they from it; yea, thou or thine shall see an end of him and his, to your admiration, and God his exaltation.

11 But on the contrarie,But the meek shal inherit the earth: & shall delight them­selves in the abund­ance of peace. they that wait patiently and bear meekly, they shall find it the best and hap­piest way, for that God will preserve them, and at last bless them with rest and safetie, when the wicked shall perish.

12 The malice of the wicked indeed is every way very provoking,The wicked plot­teth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. both in real wrongs, causelesly work­ing against the righteous; & in irritating deportments, manifesting his inward rancor and imbittered mind a­gainst him, when he cannot prevail.

13 But theres no danger,The Lord shall laugh at him, for he seeth that his day is coming. for God laughs to see his folly, so to fret himself, and labour in vain to root out the faithful and Godly man, when as all that while he is but digging his own grave, and hastening his own destruction, for the more he endangers him, and hath him at a lift, the speedier shall be his own ruin, to make way for his preservation.

14 The wicked do all they can by wit or power to overthrow the poor opressed innocent man,The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow to cast down the poor and needie, and to slay such as be of upright conversation. and set themselves with all their might to slay without cause the good, even because they are good.

15 But God shall make use of their power and vio­lence against themselves,Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall he broken. for they shall work their own destruction, and the aim they have at the Godly shall be defeated, and they preserved, spite of all their power and malice.

A little that a righteous man hath, is is better than the riches of many wick­ed.16 The righteous man that trusts in God and serves [Page 134] him is happier and richer in a little that God gives him, than the wicked are with much ill gotten goods, wherein they put great confidence.

For the arms of the wicked shall be broken: but the Lord upholdeth the righte­ous.17 For the carnal confidences and strength of the wicked wherein they trust, shall be weakened, & made ineffectual, against the Godly and their faith; but them will God sustain, be they never so despica­ble and void of secundarie helps, spite of all adverse power.

The Lord know­eth the days of the upright: and their in­heritance shall be for ever.18 The Lord hath decreed to a minute how long the righteous shall suffer, and remembers his pro­mise touching their surviving happiness after their mi­series, and their enemies oppressions, to keep it: which he will certainly do, to their well-being here, or if not, for ever hereafter in heaven.

They shall not be ashamed in the evil time: and in the days of famin they shall be satisfied.19 Which confidence of theirs shall make them hold up their heads when others droop, in times of distress. Yea, their hope and trust in God shall yield them their bellies full of content even in death.

But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies of the Lord shall be as the fat of lambs, they shall con­sume: into smoak shall they consume away.20 When as the wicked for want of it shall com­fortlesly pine away, and the ungodly ones for whose sake those judgements are sent, together with all their substance, shall in the Lords anger be consumed by them, as the fire melts lambs grease; yea, they shall be quite consumed.

The wicked bor­roweth and payeth not again: but the righteous sheweth mercie and giveth.21 The wicked for all his abundance, and abun­dant confidence therein, by Gods just judgements are oft times impoverished and put to borrow, and dis­abled to pay again, whereas the righteous whose confi­dence is in God, and can find in his heart, in obedience to him to be charitable with that he hath, is blessed of God with enough for his own comfortable subsistence, and the relief of the needie.

[Page 135]22 For he hath temporal blessings in store for them on whom he hath bestowed his favour and grace,For such as be blessed of him shall inherit the earth; and they that be cursed of him shall be cut off. and they shall have a comfortable subsistence, when as o­thers far greater and of more account in the world, li­ving in sin, and being in hatred with God, shall unex­spectedly be undone and destroyed.

23 God prospers him that is good,The steps of a good man are ordered by the Lord: and he delighteth in his way. and gives a good issue to his undertakings, because he takes plea­sure in, and receives honour from his conscionable and serviceable walking.

24 He may be low brought and hard set,Though he fall, he shall not utterly be cast down: for the Lord upholdeth him with his hand. but he shall never be quite forsaken of God, nor rendred to the will of his enemies to his utter undoing. For the Lord hath an eye to him, and an hand on him, to keep him from drowning though he let him sink, they may be cast down, but not destroyed.

25 All my life long (which is no short one) I have ever taken notice of Gods dealing with his people,I have been young, and now am old: yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread. and have always observed his faithfulness to the faithful, how that they that have trusted in him, and walked with him have never been quite forsaken of him, though they have oft and many a time been put soar to it, yet hath he never falsified his word of promise and providence, but whereas I have seen the wicked turned naked out of all, and glad to be beholden to to the righteous (as Esau was to Jacob for a mess of pottage) the Lord on the contrarie hath always pro­vided so competently and contentedly for them, that they have never needed to crave relief from the un­godly.

26 The righteous mans propertie is still to be do­ing good,He is ever mer­ciful and lendeth: and his seed is blessed. trusting in the Lord more than in riches, and therefore whereas others hoard up all they can get, [Page 136] he lends & gives as there is cause to them that want, and hopes to be never the poorer for it, (counting it his riches to lay out, not to lay up;) nor is he, for God rewards his good deeds upon his posteritie after him, and blesseth them for his sake.

Depart from evil, and do good: & dwell for evermore.27 Wouldst thou then have a blessing upon thy self, and derive it to thy posteritie? take the course the godly do, forsake sin, and serve God, and thou shalt find that thats the onely way for thee and thine to be happie from generation to generation.

For the Lord lo­veth judgement, and forsaketh not his saints, they are pre­served for ever: but the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.28 For the righteous Lord loveth righteousness, and will bless them that love and practise it, they that are holy and practise holiness, heel stick as close to them as they do to him, and will never fail them of his promises that he hath made to them and theirs, but the wicked shall find he as much hates them, as he loves the godly, either they or their posteritie shall smart for their wickedness, and be rooted out by it.

The righteous, shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.29 The righteous liver shall by the blessing of God subsist, and derive a subsistence from himself to his children of peace and happiness, and the favour of God, generation after generation.

The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom; & his tongue talketh of judgement.30 The righteous man as he himself is good, so he loves to be doing good, and to instruct others as opor­tunitie serves, specially his own, like as God hath in­structed him with the knowledge of his wayes of ho­liness and righteousness, wherein he is conversant both in walking and talking.

The Law of his God is in his heart, none of his steps shall slide.31 The Law of God (whom he loves, and who he knows loves him) is written in his heart, and natura­lized therein, which shall keep him from sin, and for which God will prosper and preserve him from evil, maugre Satan and the World.

[Page 137]32 Yea,The wicked watcheth the righte­ous, and seeketh to slay him. though the wicked watch him never so narrowly by power or policie to ruine him.

33 For the Lord will not forget his promise,The Lord will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged. nor withdraw his providence, so as to expose him without support or supply, nor will God judge him, as they do, nor condemn him upon their accusations, but will defend him, acquit his innocencie, and revenge his wrong.

34 Trust stedfastly in the Lord,Wait on the Lord, and keep his way, and he shall ex­alt thee to inherit the land: when the wic­ked are cut off thou shalt see it. patiently waiting upon him in his own time to fulfil his own promise, and shew forth his mercie to thee in thy trouble; and keep a good conscience by walking unweariedly and with a constant course in and after his commandments, and he will at last do great things for thee, thou shalt certain­ly be a top of the wheel, and shall see the wicked under thee, how ever they at present over-top thee.

35 I speak what I have seen,I have seen the wicked in great power: and spreading himself like a green bay-tree. and what others shall see if they wait and observe, to wit, The wicked most formidably powerful, and priding themselves in great prosperitie, flourishing like a bay-tree in earthly felicitie.

36 Yet have I lived to see him quite blasted and withered,Yet he passed a­way, and so he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found. so, as if he never had been such a man; and all this in my time.

37 So likewise have I marked the righteous man,Mark the per­fect man, and behold the upright: for the end of that man is peace. and so I would have others to do; to prevent rash judgement, and that they may see what I say to be true, to wit, That though he that is faithful and sincere towards God, may have a time of sadness and suffering, yet its most certain his end shall be most comfortable, for either he shall out-live his miseries here, as oft they do, or leave them behind him with a peaceable and joyful departure out of this life from them to the Lord [Page 138] his God, who will receive him into everlasting hap­piness.

But the trans­gressours shall be de­stroyed together, the end of the wicked shall be cut off.38 Whereas on the contrarie, well may the wic­ked fare for a while, but in the end judgement shall devour them, and as they have been brethren in evil, so shall they be fellows in punishment, none shall escape; The end of the wicked shall not be death, but destruction, wrath shall slay them, happines for­sake them, and confusion receive them.

But the salva­tion of the righteous is of the Lord, he is their strength in time of trouble.39 So it is with them, but so shall it not be with the righteous, whose salvation is not placed in false refuges, as is wicked mens, but in the power and faith­fulness of the Lord, he is their strength and trust in time of trouble.

And the Lord shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them because they trust in him.40 Who will not deceive them, but will certain­ly relieve and release them, he both must and will do it, for he is bound by his grace and truth to save them that trust in him, and destroy the wicked e­nemies of his Church, and that bond hee'l never break.

The xxxviii. PSALM.

David lying soar oppressed at once both under some bodily distemper and many enemies, humbly repairs to God in prayer: Wherein first he be­waileth his sin, and Gods displeasure, and then his sufferings both in bodie (which were very grievous) and also in mind. But yet comforts him­self in this, that the groans and prayers which those miseries forced from him, were heard and regarded of God, though he had not present relief, but continued worse and worse: And still holds out praying and ripping up his whole estate to God, how it fared with him on the one side, and with his enemies on the other.

Psalm xxxviii. A Psalm of David to bring to remem­brance. A Psalm made by David in soar affliction, both to mind God of his pitious state, to gain relief; and [Page 139] himself of sin, and the fruit thereof, to humble him under it.

1 O Lord,O Lord, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure. I confess my self a sinner, and to deserve thy punishment, but remember thou art good, and merciful, therefore let thy chastisements be fa­therly; not in rigour, void of compassion and forgi­venes.

2 Which me thinks thou art,For thine arrows stick fast in me; and thine hand presseth me soar. for thou hast wound­ed me deep in body and mind, thy punishing hand is exceeding heavie upon me.

3 My diseased body is all over tormented with ex­tream pain,There is no sound­ness in my flesh, be­cause of thine anger: neither is there any rest in my bones, be­cause of my sin. which in thy displeasure thou hast cast me into. My sin hath brought me into a miserable condi­tion, my very bones feel the smart of it.

4 For mine iniquities have overwhelmed me with a deluge of wrath,For mine iniqui­ties are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me. and like a thick cloud have inter­cepted thy favour from me: They and their sad ef­fects lie so heavie upon me, that my spirit is almost overwhelmed by them, and my very life endan­gered.

5 My disease is very grievous,My wounds stink and are corrupt: be­cause of my foolish­ness. painful, and loath­some, for which I condemn my self and acquit thee, for I may thank mine own folly: my sin hath caused my suffering.

6 Yea,I am troubled, I am bowed down greatly, I go mourn­ing all the day long. it hath brought me into a heavie case; for my trouble is great by reason of it, the weight thereof presseth me soar. I have no ease but continual sorrow for it, and by it.

7 For I lie under a grievous maladie,For my loins are filled with a loath­some disease: & there is no soundness in my flesh. noisomly dis­eased, all my body over tormented so, that by reason thereof my loins fail me that should support me, and my strength every where else is decayed.

[Page 140] I am feeble & sore broken: I have roared by reason of the dis­quietness of my heart.8 Through the length and nature of my distem­per I am extreamly weakned in nature and constitu­tion, my bones are as if they were broken. And my mind is as much out of order as my bodie, through the extream anguish of my sins guilt and Gods hea­vie displeasure, which hath forced upon out-cries from me.

Lord, all my de­sire is before thee: and my groaning is not hid from thee.9 But yet this comforts me, that thou, O Lord, takest notice and art privie to my cries, which in faithfulness I put up unto thee, though thou doest not seem to do so, and my groans are known to thee, though hitherto they bring no relief from thee.

My heart pant­eth, my strength fail­eth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me.10 For yet its worse with me and no better, for still mine heart languisheth with sorrow, more and more, and my strength it decayes, and my sight through sorrowful mournings is grown dim, and mine eyes almost quite benighted.

My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore: and my kinsmen stand far off.11 I am very forlorn and destitute of help and comfort, for my disease is so dangerous and loth­some, that my very friends are forced from me, who in their hearts entirely love me, and would not forgo me, could they safely accompanie me, and possibly endure me; yea, all men, not onely my friends and acquaintance, but my nearest kindred and allies are so too.

They also that seek after my life, lay snares for me; & they that seek my hurt [...]peak mischievous things, and imagin deceits all the day long.12 And at once both thus my friends forsake me, and mine enemies endanger me, endeavouring mine utter destruction by all possible means, secret or open, any way by word or deed to do me mischief, which they terribly threaten, is their desire, and continual endeavour.

But I, as a deaf man heard not; and I was as a dumb man that opened not his mouth.13 But I sustained my self in faith and patience, not rendring evil for evil, in the sense of mine un­worthines, [Page 141] and faith of thy goodnes I was silent, com­mending my self and them respectively unto thee for mercie and justice.

14 I refrained both from impatience,Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs. and revenge­ful retributions of any kind, committing my cause to thee, in meekness, and humilitie.

15 I gave place to wrath;For in thee, O Lord, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God. for that in thee, O Lord, is my hope and confidence, that in thy good time thou wilt do me right on them that injure me, and will hear the crie of my wronged innocencie, and my prayer for deliverance, O Lord my God, in whose faithfulness I trust, and whose servant I am.

16 For to thee have I,For I said, Hear me, least otherwise they should re [...]oyce over me: when my foot slippeth, they ma­gnifie themselves a­gainst me. and do I make my prayer for support and deliverance, least if mine enemies should procure mine undoing; it would be thy disho­nouring and the shame of my faith and profession. I know that would be the issue by those experiences I have had of their behaviour, for upon all advantages they have disparaged me, and my cause, and been raised in self-confidence above me and my hopes.

17 I crie unto thee for support and deliverance,For I am readie to halt, and my sor­row is continually before me. for God knows, of my self, without it, I am rea­die every foot to perish, and to be utterly depressed with the greatness of my calamitie, such and so un­cessant is my grief, that I must needs else sinke un­der it.

18 Yea,For I will de­clare mine iniquitie; I will be sorie for my sin. I have prayd unto thee for mercie, and that with promise and full purpose of heart to repent of my sin that caused my suffering; I have promised humbly to confess it, and heartily to lament it, and have done it accordingly.

19 This Lord hath been my manner,But mine ene­mies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me, wrongfully are mul­tiplied. to confess my sin, pray thy pardon, submit to thy punishment, wait [Page 142] for thy mercie, and yet still I remain sick and weak, in miserie and distress, whilest my wicked and grace­less enemies, are notwithstanding in health and strength, feel nothing of that I do [...] yea, I every way decrease and they increase, my friends grow less, and mine enemies more, the combination of such as mor­tally and injuriously hate me greatens exceedingly.

They also that render evil for good, are mine aduersaries: because I follow the thing that good is.20 And such and so ill-natured men are my ad­versaries, that as I render not them evil for evil, so contrarily they render me evil for good, and hate me for no other cause, but because I am good, and do good.

Forsake me not, O Lord: O my God be not far from me.21 Now, Lord, consider what I have said, and the arguments I have used both touching my self and mine enemies, and do accordingly. Let me, that am thus destitute of all help, but thine, and that walk close with thee, and depend firmly on thee, not be for­saken; but find thee faithful and gracious to uphold and deliver me.

Make hast to help me, O Lord my salvation.22 Vouchsafe me thine helping hand before I pe­rish, which I am in imminent danger to do, O Lord, that by thy promise and my faith art my onely pre­server and deliverer.

The xxxix. PSALM.

David for his sin, suffering (as is most probable) under Absaloms rebel­lion, resolves patiently to bear the opprobries that were cast upon him by his adversaries, and so did: onely makes his address to God by prayerful expostulation, desiring to know an end of his miseries, though it were with the end of his life, shewing the vanitie of him, every man, and everything, and that happiness is onely to be had in the grace and favour of God. Praying him to pardon his sins for which he justly suffered, and in mercie to mitigate his displeasure, which had almost quite consumed him, and so is able to do the whole world. And lastly with cries and tears intreats for pitie in this short sojourning state [Page 143] of mortallitie, and that he may tast and see the favour of God in his re­storement, before he die.

To Jeduthun one of the prime musicians, Psalm xxxvi. To the chief musician, even to Jeduthun. A Psalm of David. and the principal of all his linage, do I David that made this Psalm recommend it, for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 BEing grievously tempted to impatiencie by ex­tream afflictions,I Said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bri­dle, while the wicked is before me. & mine enemies provocations, I was fain to watch my self narrowly, & to take up a vow and resolution not to give the reins to my tongue, but to bridle it from taking libertie to exceed in intempe­rate speeches, specially whilest I had to do with wicked men, who lay at advantage to take scandal at me and my profession by any miscarriage they could espie.

2 Wherefere I abstained utterly from speaking,I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good, and my sorrow was stirred. even that which was truth in mine own defence and their reproof, least therewith impatiencie should get vent, though thereby I was much troubled, and had much ado to do it.

3 In so much as my heart was full,My heart was hot within me, while I was musing the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue. and so heated with smothering my grief, that I burst out in prayer­ful expostulation betwixt God and me, and said.

4 Lord mine afflictions are so many and great,Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my dayes, what it is: that I may know how frail I am. as that they make me wearie of my life; comfort me so far as to inform me how near I am to mine end, and how few my miserable dayes shall be. Let me know this of thee, that so I may hope of deliverance at least by mortalitie.

5 Sure I am my life is not long,Behold, thou hast made my dayes as an hand-bredth, and mine age is as nothing be­fore thee: verily eve­ry man at his best state is altogether va­nitie. Selah. and at longest it is but short compared with thine eternal, being its as no­thing, and what is mans life considered in it self? E­ven when it is at best, its very vanitie, void of true sa­tisfaction? Would men would consider it.

[Page 144] Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.6 Surely every man hath here but an imaginarie happiness, certainly they cark and care to be that which this life can never make them, labouring in vain to be happie in it. What a deal of pains does a man take to be rich, yea richer and richer, and can never live, to use all he hath, nor knows not how soon he shall depart with it, nor how it will be spent, nor into whose hands it will come when he is gone: witness the state I had, and was in ere­while, whereof, how soon and unexpectedly am I de­prived?

And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in thee.7 And now, Lord, seeing every thing is thus emptie and unprofitable, why should I trust in or desire to be happie by any thing short of thee? no, I do not. Thy favour and grace is that I prize and hope in most of all; I wait for, and desire it above all earthly felicitie, the restorement of it is more to me than my Kingdom, and happier shall I be in it.

Deliver me from all my transgressions, make me not the re­proch of the foolish.8 Grant me (for my happiness) the pardon of my sins, that have brought me into this miserie, and let not my wicked enemies prevail against me to destroy me, and insult over me, and God in me.

I was dumb, I o­pened not my mouth; because thou didst it.9 Though I endured very much, yet I bare it patiently without fretfulness, because I know in ju­stice I had deserved it, and thou inflictedst it.

Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of thine hand.10 Good Lord, be intreated to pitie me, and to ease me of my grief, for I am almost utterly perished by thine afflicting hand, and heavie judgement for my sin.

When thou with rebukes dost correct man for iniquitie, thou makest his beautie to consume away like a moth; surely every man is vanitie. Selah.11 When thou punisheth and correcteth man for ini­quitie, thou changest him quite from what he was, both in condition and constitution, his honour thou layest in the dust, and himself thou makest little less, every [Page 145] way defacest him, and makest him comparatively to what he was, as a beautifull garment when its moth-eaten and consumed, thus am I, yea, surely every man even the whole kind of him in thine hands is as nothing. To thy glory, and mans abasing and hum­bling be it spoken.

12 O Lord,Hear my prayer, O Lord, and give ear unto my cry, hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with thee, and a so­journer, as all my fa­thers were. hear the prayer I put up unto thee, and the cries I pour forth in mine extremity; let my tears be effectual and prevalent in mine own behalf, and against mine enemies, for my help is wholly in thee, and must be from thee, in the faith of whose truth and goodness I subsist in my travel through this world▪ as did my godly forefathers, who were heirs of promise, and lived by faith, being though in the world, yet not of it, but belonged to thee, and so do I, who therefore suffer therein as they did.

13 O take me not away in thy displeasure,O spare me that I may recover strength, before I go hence, & be no more. but in mercy revive and restore me to a comfortable feeling of thy favour again, in the sensible pardon of my sin, remission of my punishment, and re-establishment in mine estate, that so I may end this my short and tran­sitory life, when I do end it, which is not long to, in thy grace, both to mine own sense, and the worlds sight when I bid it adeiu.

The xl. PSALM.

David being in trouble (probably under Absaloms rebellion) reckons up his former experiences of Gods goodness, and his great deliverances, first from Saul, and then from after evils, pronouncing a blessing upon himself, and others that trust firmely in the Lord, extolling his wonderfull mercies to [Page 146] such. And shews what manner of praise he hath wont to offer to God for them, not ceremoniall but reall, and thus winds in upon God by recounting his favours to him, and his service back again to God, both in praising and publishing his goodness and truth, And then after a self-judging preamble, comes upon him with new requests for instant deliverance both from sin and punishment, and for confusion of his enemies, and lastly chears up him­self and all his faithfull well-willers and partakers with a hopefull prayer, notwithstanding his present condition.

Psalm xl. To the chief musician A Psalm of David. To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, do I David that made this Psalm recommend it, for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

I waited patiently for the Lord, and he enclined unto me, and heard my cry.1 I have endured much, and long, but having a pro­mise I staid my self upon it, and have patiently undergone all his providence in a faithfull expectati­on of the Lord, in truth and goodness to fulfil it at last, which he hath done, and hath most graciously vouchsafed me audience, and deliverance.

He brought me up also out of an horri­ble pit, out of the mi­rie clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.2 I was low sunk in fear and danger even of ut­ter ruine, whence he hath marvellously delivered me; out of a very miserable condition hath he brought me, that no power but his could ever have freed me from, but he hath done it, and not onely delivered me from an ill estate, but estated me in a good and safe one, and confirmed it to me spite of all those mine enemies and opposers, and all they could do to the contrary.

And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall see it and fear, & shall trust in the Lord.3 And hath given me further occasion of thanks­giving and praises by new and fresh mercies, even to the full accomplishment of his promise and my hap­piness, his wonderful power and goodness to me­ward shall amaze many that never thought to see it, and affect them both with fear of, and faith in the Lord, that bringeth great things to pass.

[Page 147]4 That man is a blessed man,Blessed is that man that maketh the Lord his trust: and respecteth not the proud, nor such as turn aside to lies. and shall be a successfull man, that stedfastly relies upon the Lord alone, and regards not the threatnings of the proud presumptuous boaster, nor the brags of such as put their confidence in sinfull practises and self-refuges, to dissettle his faith, or follow their ex­ample.

5 Manifold,Many, O Lord my God, are thy wonder­full works which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are to us-ward, they cannot be reckoned up in or­der unto thee: If I would declare & speak of them, they are more than can be numbred. O most powerfull and gracious Lord God, are the wonderfull providences, pro­tections, and deliverances, which thou hast done and wrought for thy children and servants from time to time; and the thoughts of mercy and good­ness which thou hast had towards us, and shewed upon us that have believed in thee, they are so many, that we cannot count them nor orderly declare them, should I go about particularly to praise thee for them, or to tell the world of them, my memory would, yea, could not but deceive me, they are so numberless.

6 Sacrifices and offerings though they be by the appointment of thy Law,Sacrifice & offer­ing thou didst not de­sire, mine ears hast thou opened: burnt-offering, and sin-offer­ing hast thou not re­quired. yet as they are commonly used, or rather abused by formal and outward devoti­on▪ thou carest not for them, it is the kernel, and not the shell, comparatively, that thou regardest, to wit, a bored pliable ear, and yielding heart, to do thy will in faith and obedience, which (blessed be thy name) thou hast bestowed upon me (whom herein thou hast made a type of thy sonne and servant Christ, the one­ly acceptable sacrifice and substance of all shadows) and which I know thou valuest in me, above never so many burnt and sinne-offerings, wherein others for most part put their religion.

[Page 148] Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the book it is writ­ten of me.7 For by thy bestowing on me this spiritual ear, and regenerate heart, I am made apt and ready to of­fer and consecrate my self in all filial alacrity, a sacri­fice to thy service, as it is written and prophesied of me, in resemblance of Christ, of whose son-like love and perfect obedience the whole Scripture foretells.

I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart.8 I do (as he much more shall) delight to please and obey thee in all things, O my God and his, thy holy and righteous law is not to me as it is to the world, untoothsome and harsh, but pleasing and con­natural, as it shall be to Christ.

I have preached righteousness in the great congregation: so, I have not refrain­ed my lips, O Lord, thou knowst.9 And what I have learned and known to be thy righteous will, as a Prophet and faithfull servant of the Lord, I have, (as Christ shall) taken occasion to declare and teach it to thy people in the most solemn feasts, and greatest concourse, as might make most for thy glory, and their edifying. I have not ceased to do my duty to thee and them, but have informed and instructed them; O Lord, I know thou knowst this, and takest notice of my poor weak but sincere service herein.

I have not hid thy righteousnes with­in my heart, I have declared thy faithful­ness and thy salvati­on: I have not con­cealed thy loving kind­ness, and thy truth, from the great con­gregation.10 I have kept back nothing which I knew, and whereof I ought to have informed them, touching thee and thy good grace, but both by mine example in praising thee, and also by doctrine have I declared to them the faithfulness that is in thee, and that thou hast and ever wilt shew to them that be­lieve in thy promises, for grace and salvation. I have not smothered mine own experimented knowledg of thy mercifull loving kindness to such, and thy truth, in fulfilling what thou hast pro­mised them, but have taken the best opportunity to [Page 149] make it known, most to thy praise and thy peoples edification.

11 And as I have done so I will do still,Withhold not thou thy tender mer­cies from me, O Lord: let thy loving kind­ness, and thy truth continually preserve me. as thou givest me occasion, therefore be as gracious and mer­ciful as thou hast been, let me find thy love and faith­fulness ever at hand to preserve me.

12 For I am now in as great need as ever I was,For innumerable evils have compassed me about, mine ini­quities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up: they are more than the hairs of mine head, therefore mine heart faileth me. being surrounded with manifold miseries and great dangers, deserved punishments for mine iniquities, which have arrested me and keep me prisoner, under the burden of thy heavy displeasure, which makes me of a dejected heart and countenance, ashamed, and a­feard to make mine addresses to a God so displeased with a sinner so exceeding sinful as I am, doubting my success and thy favour.

13 Nor yet can I be silent,Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me: O Lord, make hast to help me. my dangers on the other hand press so soar upon me, therefore of thine own good grace, O Lord, deliver me from the burden of my sin and misery. O Lord, consider my great straits, and delay not to relieve me, for thou art graci­ous and pitiful.

14 Let the shame and confusion which mine ene­mies would bring upon me,Let them be a­shamed and confound­ed together, that seek after my soul to de­stroy it: let them be driven backward, and put to shame that wish me evil. fall upon themselves, let them as they sin together, so perish together, that seek my life, let them be defeated of their expectation and desire, and come to a shameful end themselves, that seek mine undoing.

15 Let them be utterly ruinated,Let them be de­solate for a reward of their shame, that say unto me, Aha, Aha. and made deso­late for a just reward and punishment of their shame­ful and sinful behaviour towards me, that rejoyce un­justly and undeservedly at my misery.

16 But contrariwise,Let all those that seek thee, rejoyce and be glad in thee, let such as love thy salvation, say continually, the Lord be magnified. let all those that love me for Christs sake whose type I am, and that trust in [Page 150] thee, and religiously pray unto thee in their own and my behalf, let both me and they have cause of joy and gladness in thy mercy towards us, let such as love thy saving grace to trust in it and be happy by it, ever have cause to speak and sing the praises of thee and it.

But I am poor and needy, yet the Lord thinketh upon me; thou art my help & my deliverer, make no tarrying, O my God.17 But as yet its otherwayes with me, I am poor and desolate, distressed both without and within, yet I know I am not forgotten, nor forsaken of God, but that he is mindful of me at the worst, and purposeth to do me good at the last; My faith makes him all in all to me, mine onely helper and deliverer, and my con­dition presseth hard upon him to be so out of hand, which is very desperate, and therefore I beseech thee that art the God of all my faith and hope, delay not to deliver me speedily, least I perish utterly.

The xli. PSALM.

Though this Psalm by the proprietie of its language, is applicable in time of sickness, yet the Scripture no where in the historical part of it, mentioning any such bodily distemperature as the Psalmist here insists on, it is conceived by interpretors (and yet Psalms the sixth and thirtie eight import other­wayes) rather to be spoken allegoricallie by David than reallie, in allusion to his condition under Absaloms rebellion, whereby being brought low and in a desperate state, he was sorelie censured by his enemies, and shamefully de­serted by reason of his affliction, which he here reproves, commending the contrarie virtue of charitie and pittie, which he knows is in God though it fail in men, and accordinglie makes his prayer to find it from him, his ene­mies and false friends so deceiving, and traducinglie judgeing him, which he prayes he may live to punish, and hopes he shall, upon probable signs of favour from God, for which he blesseth him, and for the assured confidence he hath that God will be as good as his word to his Israel, and to him in Is­raels behalf.Psalm xl. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, do I David that made this Psalm recommend it, for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

BLessed is he that considereth the poor; the Lord will deliver him in time of trouble.1 HOw rash are most mens judgements of men in affliction, and thereupon how apt are they to [Page 151] abandon them. But blessed is and shall be the man that judgeth with righteous judgement, and not ac­cording to appearance, knowing that God is both gracious and faithful, and though he do cast down, yet he can and will raise up again the afflicted that repent towards him, and trust in him.

2 Yea,The Lord will preserve him, and keep him alive, and he shall be blessed upon the earth; and thou wilt not deliver him into the will of his ene­mies. for all his dangers, the Lord will and can preserve and keep him safe, and according to his faithfulness will again restore him to a happy conditi­on, be he at present never so miserable, and will not expose him into the hands of his wicked and malicious enemies, though he seem very near it.

3 When he is at weakest God will put strength in­to him,The Lord will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness. yea, thou, O Lord, what ever men think, and though upon misprisions they forsake the poor distres­sed, as if he had some plague-sore or infectious disease, yet wilt thou be mindful of him, and charitable and helpful to him, in his helpless condition, and be an all in all to him, when all forsake him.

4 This I verily believed,I said, Lord, be merciful unto me, heal my soul, for I have sinned against thee. and therefore I prayed accordingly to God to be merciful to me, and recon­ciled with me, and to ease and relieve me of my mise­ry, which by my sin I had brought upon my self, and justly deserved from the Lord.

5 Mine enemies and they that are hollow-hearted toward me,Mine enemies speak evil of me: when shall he die and his name perish. give out hard speeches against me, and re­vile and curse me because of mine affliction, concei­ving me rejected and reprobated of God, wishing and prophesying the utter destruction of me, and mine honour.

6 And if under dissembled friendship they come to visit me,And if he come to see me, he speaketh va­nity: his heart gather­eth iniquity to it self, when he goeth abroad, he telleth it. they lie to me, studying how to deceive me with false pretences, and then boasts themselves to [Page 152] their treacherous brotherhood, of their base be­haviour.

All that hate me whisper together a­gainst me: against me do they devise my hurt.7 All that bear me ill, will plot and conspire my undoing, how they may compass it.

An evil disease, say they cleaveth fast unto him: and now that he lieth, he shall rise up no more.8 For they count me a cast-away, and by reason of my present affliction they condemn me, as rejected of God, and plagued by him, as with some pestilential mortal disease, never to recover, or find mercy.

Yea, mine own familiar friend in whō I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lift up his heel against me.9 Yea, I am deserted by those that in my prosperi­ty were near and dear unto me, to whom I imparted my counsels, and on whom I conferred many favours, and made them my companions, even they have re­proachfully and malignantly turned against me, and endeavoured my downfal, as Judas shall do Christs in like manner, treacherously betraying him, though dipping with him in the dish.

But thou, O Lord, be merciful unto me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.10 But these are but men, though friends in pre­tence, and shew themselves accordingly subject to change. But thou art an unchangeable God, and maiest be trusted, and therefore the more I am for­saken of man, the more I repair to thee to be merciful to me, and befriend me, with deliverance from them, and success against them, that being restored to my former State and Authority, which they hope never to see, I may be inabled to punish their disloyaltie and ingratitude.

By this I know that thou favourest me: because mine ene­my doth not triumph over me.11 And truly I have good hopes thou wilt re­store me, and that for all my sin and thy severity, thou bearest good will towards me, because in all this while notwithstanding the great advantage mine enemies have against me, he hath not been able to crush me, but hath been hitherto disappointed and put besides his aim.

[Page 153]12 And as for me,And as for me, thou upholdest me in mine integrity: and settest me before thy face for ever. how ever thou punishest my sin, yet thou hast consideration of mine unjust suffering at the hands of mine enemies, and favourest mine inno­cent cause, and gratiously remembrest thy promise of grace and favour to me, and mine, to fulfil it, by esta­blishing the throne of Israel upon me to many genera­tions, and upon Christ (who shall be the seed of Da­vid) to all eternity.

13 In the faith whereof I dare and do praise thee,Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen and Amen. thy power, goodness, and truth in Israels behalf and mine, and pronounce thee infallible. and unchange­able to thy faithful people, how ever the state of things seem now to contradict it, what thou hast said thou wilt make good from first to last, therefore in confidence of thy faithfulness we bless and praise thee for it, in full assurance it shall be fulfilled to thy glory and our happiness.

The xlii. PSALM.

David under Sauls persecution, being driven from the sanctuarie and publick worship of God, where a [...]oretime he had been conversant, bewailes his condition, testifies his ardent desire after it, and his sorrowful apprehensions of his enemies blasphemous misjudgeing him for his afflictions. But yet he blames himself with hope of better; promising to worship God as he is able in such a suffering condition. And though he be greatly overwhelmed with outward sorrows, y [...]t he inwardly comforts himself in the Lord, and takes incouragement humbly to expostulate with God concerning himself and his enemies, whose blasphemies go to his heart. And again rebukes his de­jectedness, and quickens his faith.Psalm xlii. To the chief musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.

A Psalm made by David for direction of his soul to trust in the Lord, and committed to Heman the the chief musician of the family of the Korathites, for him and them to sing.

1 AS the hunted and heated Hart greedily thirstsAs the Hart pant­eth after the wa­ter-brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. after the water-brooks to quench and cool [Page 154] him, so is my soul extreamly affected after those re­freshing communions, and sweet enjoyments I was wont to have of thee in thy sanctuary, and publick or­dinances, from which I am hunted and driven, and kept per-force by my persecuting enemies.

My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear be­fore God?2 My heart and affections do keenly earn after God, his worship and ordinances, and the enlivening communion of him therein, who is the true and ever­living (no idol) God; I cannot but think it extream long, till I be restored to the happiness of worshipping him at his sanctuary again.

My tears have been my meat day and night, while they con­tinually say unto me, where is thy God?3 I have sustained great and uncessant grief, at the reproachful blasphemy of mine enemies, who through me deride the Lord himself, and his faithfulness, wherein I have trusted, and by mine afflictions censure me a cast-away and rejected of God, banished his presence.

When I remem­ber these things, I pour out my soul in me; for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God; with the voice of joy and praise, with a multitude that kept holy-day.4 When as these considerations offer themselves to my thoughts, I cannot but lay them sadly to heart, and express my self accordingly by sorrowful bewail­ings, for that I am debarred the happiness which once I had to go with, and accompany my brethren and fellow-Israelites, the people of God, to the sanctuary of the Lord, to worship and praise him, and rejoyce there before him with peace-offerings and feasts of thanksgivings at solemn appointed times.

Why art thou cast down, O my soul, and why art thou di­squieted in me? hope thou in God, for I shall yet praise him for the help of his counte­nance.5 But why art thou, O my soul, so dejected at thy present condition, and disquieted with inward grief, gather up thy self and fasten thy hope and confidence in Gods goodness and faithfulness, for I verily believe he will find a time to restore me, and fulfil his pro­mise to me, so that I know how ever it is with me at present, I shall one day have ample occasion of praise [Page 155] and thanksgiving for his grace and favour to me.

6 O my God,O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jor­dan, and of the Her­monites from the hill Mizar. towards whom is all my desire, my soul is much troubled at my long exile from thine or­dinances, therefore will I as I am able in this my ba­nishment, longingly and prayerfully look towards thine holy sanctuary, wheresoever I am driven and how far soever distant from it, be it in the countrey beyond Jordan, whether oft times I am forced to fly; or in that, bordering upon mount Hermon, where I am fain to take refuge in one of the tops thereof, be­ing a little obscure hill called Mizar, whence I send many a longing look, and thoughtful desire towards the place of thy worship, where thou art more especi­ally present.

7 Thou hast brought an inundation of misery upon me,Deep calleth un­to deep at the noise of thy water-spouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me. troubles come so thick successively one in the neck of another, like waters falling from the clouds, which rise higher and higher, and implunge me lower and lower: as a ship in a storm in extremity of wea­ther ready to sink, so am I, wave upon wave endlesly assailing me, to the continual hazard of my life. Yea, the waters both above and below the firmament, the windows of heaven are as it were opened, and give the watch-word to the fountains of the deep to be broken up, as at the deluge, and both of them seem to threat­en to overwhelm and devour me at once, as then they did the world by thine appointment.

8 Yet I am not left without inward support in the midst of mine outward troubles,Yet the Lord will command his loving kindness in the day time, and in the night his song shall be with me, and my prayer un­to the God of my life. I am confident I shall see the sunne of righteousness shine through the clouds with healing in his wings, and by the power and grace of God, I doubt not but a happy day will succeed this uncomfortable night, to the chearing of mine heart, [Page 156] nor in the interim shall I be destitute of mercy and goodness, but shall ever and anon by particular pro­vidences, before I arrive at my full establishment, have cause of thanksgiving and praise; and incourage­ment to offer up my prayers in faith of him for my preserver at present, and deliverer at last.

I will sing unto God, my rock, why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourn­ing, because of the op­pression of the enemy?9 I will humbly and faithfully mind him of my condition, and his obligation to me; and praying, say, thou that by thy promise and my faith art my great and sole support, how is it then that thou hast thus left me, why go I mourning, and find no relief from under the heavy oppressions and wrongs of mine enemies.

As with a sword in my bones, mine ene­mies reproach me: while they say dayly unto me, where is thy God?10 Whose reproachful and scornful blasphemies against thy word, and my faith in it, taunting me as one deluded by trusting in thee, and rejected by thee, wound me to the very heart, and torment me ex­ceedingly.

Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou di­squieted within me? hope thou in God, for I shall yet praise him.11 Yet such is my faith in thee, notwithstanding the opposition it receives, and all the heavy burdens that lie upon me, as that I cannot but rebuke my soul for being dejected at these things, and rouse it up to trust and hope still in thee, that one day I shall have my mourning turned into rejoycing, and my prayers into praises, for the good success and gracious favour thou wilt shew me, in delivering me, as thou hast pro­mised, and as I believe.

The xliii. PSALM.

David under Sauls persecution, appeals to God to judge his cause, and pr [...]y [...]s to be delivered according to his gracious promise, that so he may worship [Page 157] him in Sion, which he promises to do joyfully, and thankfully, and quickens up his drooping spirit by the hopes thereof.Psalm xliii.

1 JUdge for me,JUdge me, O God, & plead my cause against an ungod­ly nation; O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man. and in my behalf O righteous God, and maintain my just and honest cause, against an unjust and wicked people, that set themselves against me, and in me oppose the Lord himself. O deliver me (thou that art righteous and onely all-sufficient) from them and their cheiftane, that dealeth deceitful­ly and injuriously with me.

2 For thou and thy promise is all the strength I have,For thou art the God of my strength, why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourn­ing because of the op­pression of the enemy. and that I trust in, why doest thou seem then to neglect me, and doest thus expose me to my malig­nant adversaries? Why go I continually mourning, because of the intollerable oppressions and injuries of mine enemies.

3 O Lord,O send out thy light and thy truth; let them lead me, let them bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy tabernacles. shew forth thy favour and grace, and fulfill thy word of promise to me; Let them, spite of mine enemies, bring me into that estate thou hast promised me, wherein I may enjoy thy publick wor­ship, and frequent thine Ark and Tabernacle in Sion, for there shall that be the place thereof.

4 Then will I go with a merry heart,Then will I go unto the altar of God, unto God my exceed­ing joy: yea, upon the harp will I praise thee, O God, my God. and carry my peace-offerings, and thankfully sacrifice them to God upon his altar, even to God who shall at that time by reason of his favour and grace, be unspeakable joy and consolation to me. I am ravished with the very thoughts of that day, when I shall have such exceeding cause of joy, and praise, which I will abundantly offer up unto him, and in the skilfullest and chearfullest manner I can devise, upon the Harp, which of all in­struments I can best finger, will I praise thee, O Al­mighty, and my most gracious God.

5 And seeing these sorrows shall have an end,Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou di­squieted within me? hope in God, for I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance and my God. and [Page 158] such an end, accompanied with so much happiness: be not dejected at thy present sufferings, O my soul; but chear up thy self in faith and hope, for thou shalt praise the Lord (in stead of praying to him) for thy great and his gracious deliverance.

xliv. PSALM.

The people of Israel being in grievous captivity. The Author of this Psalm ac­costs God with his Covenant-mercies shewn of old to their forefathers, whose seed they are, and whose God he also is, and so they are confident will in his good time approve himself. But in the mean time their extremities are very great, and his favour quite eclipsed; And yet they are faithful to him, chosing rather to die, than forsake him: and therefore prayes him to pity their case, and hear their prayers joined with fasting and deep humiliation for help and succour.Psalm xliv. To the chief musician, for the sonnes of Ko­rah, Maschil.

A Psalm made for the instruction of the Church in afflictions, shewing the use of them and carriage in them; and committed to Heman the chief musician of the familie of the Korathites, for him and them to sing.

WE have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.1 WE have heard it both by word and wri­ting from thy servants and our forefa­thers, O gratious God, the grace and goodness thou shewdst to thy people Israel then in their times long ago, at their first coming into a Canan.

How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them: how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.2 How then thou wroughtest for them, and shewdst forth thy mighty power against the many heathenish nations, and their great strength; which, notwithstanding thou didst subdue and vanquish in thy peoples behalf, driving out them to make way for these, whom thou according to promise didst plant [Page 159] in their steads by a marvellous out-stretched arm, wherewith thou didst oppress the Cananites, destroy­ing some, and expelling others, from out that land.

3 For it was not their own power and might that possessed them of the promised land,For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, be­cause thou hadst a fa­vour unto them. nor was it their own strength that either preserved them from their enemies, or subdued them, but it was thy power and strength▪ and thy gracious goodness and presence with them, that did it for them, because they were the peo­ple whom thou hadst chosen, and to whom thou hadst promised thy grace and assistance.

4 Thou Lord,Thou art my King O God, command de­liverances for Jacob. art still the God and King of thy people, whom they serve, and in whom they trust, re­member therefore the Covenant of protection and mercy thou madest with Jacob and his seed, and as thou fulfillest it to him in his own person, so now make it good also to him in his posterity, by setting them free from their enemies, as thou didst him from his.

5 That so by thy powerfull assistance we may now do by our enemies,Through thee will we push down our e­nemies: through thy name will we tread them und [...]r that rise up against us. as our forefathers did by theirs, overthrow and destroy them, and through thy good grace & faithfull promise we hope to speed no worse than they, but that we shall be able to vanquish and subdue them that do oppose and subjugate us.

6 For it is neither bow nor sword,For I will not trust in my bow, nei­ther shall my sword save me. skill nor strength, that we thy people trust in as do the hea­thens.

7 But in thee,But thou hast sa­ved us from our ene­mies, & hast put them to shame that hated us. who hast all this while hitherto from Abraham till now wrought and fought for us against our enemies, and given us still the better, and them the worse, that opposed themselves against us, and sought to destroy us.

8 In thee the Lord,In God we boast all the day long: and praise thy name for e­ver. Selah. for that thou hast done, and [Page 160] promised to do, do we boast our selves, and glory in the faith thereof continually, and in no strength nor power but thine, the praise of all our prosperity as from aforetime till now, so from hence even for ever shall it be ascribed by us to thee onely. From our hearts we intend it.

But thou hast cast off, & put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.9 Thou hast been we must and do confess a praise­worthy God to us in former times; but alas now thou seemest to have rejected us, for thou makest us go by the worse, and givest the enemy the better of us, to our great reproach and thine, not prospering our ar­mies, nor giving victory on our side, as thou wast wont to do.

Thou makest us to turn back from the enemy: & they which hate us spoil for them­selves.10 Thou turnest our faith and courage, wherewith we were wont manfully to withstand our enemies into fearfull and faint-hearted flight, and whereas we used to vanquish and spoil them that fought against us, now they on the contrary vanquish us, and prey up­on our substance, enriching themselves upon our ruines.

Thou hast given us like sheep appoint­ed for meat: and hast scattered us among the heathen.11 Thou hast wonderfully altered thy course of grace and providence towards us, for we that once commanded and bare rule, are now sold over to our enemies to be spoiled and devoured at their pleasure, and thou hast driven us out of our countrey, where once thou plantedst us, and from the exercise of our religion there, and made us bond-men to the heathen, who formerly were so to us.

Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.12 Of lates dayes thou hast set light by thy peo­ple, for whereas thou wast wont to prize them highly, and to give nations for them, now thou givest them away, and exposest them to all that will spoil them, they not being so much as sold for bond-slaves like [Page 161] unto others, but are made so for nought, in so much as thy people are less worth to thee than common bond-men are to their masters, who use not to part with them but for their profit, but so dost not thou by us.

13 Thou hast brought us from such an height of happiness to such a low estate of miserie and subje­ction,Thou makest us a reproch to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. that now our neighbour-nations who once ad­mired us, and shewed all respectful behaviour to us in our prosperitie, do now generally reproch us as an abject nation.

14 Thou makest us that are thine own people,Thou makest us a by-word among the heathen: a shaking of the head among the people. chosen out of all the world to serve and worship thee, and to relate peculiarly to thee, to be the laughing­stock and scornful by-word of the heathen, and be­cause of our calamities to be esteemed an abject peo­ple by the abject Gentils.

15 The woful condition we are brought into,My confusion is continually before me, and the shame of my face hath covered me. un­der our hateful enemie is sadly remembred, and laid to heart alwayes by us, and a dejected shamefastnes hath utterly possessed us

16 For because of the scorns and blasphemies that through us are cast out against thee by the revenge­full enemie,For the vo [...]e of him that reprocheth and blasphemeth: by reason of the enemie and avenger. that hath longed for this hour wherein he might despight us, and our God.

17 All this woful miserie of bondage and re­proch is fallen upon us,All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsly in thy covenant. yet in the midst thereof, we forsake thee not, but own thee still for our God, trusting in thee, and worshipping of thee, nor have we broken covenant by deserting thee, and chusing other Gods to worship them, as do our enemies that revile us.

18 We have not peevishly cast off our affection,Our heart is not turned back: neither have our steps de­ [...]lined from thy way. [Page 162] and dutie to thee, neither have we sought our reme­die by indirect ways, but still trust in thee, seek to thee, and walk with thee.

Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.19 Though thou hast exercised and humbled us under sore and heavie trials, and hast plunged us into a sea of miserie, and brought us out of a happie condi­tion into a most desolate state, uncomfortably scatter­ing us among fierce and cruel enemies, so that no­thing but present destruction seems to hang over our heads continually.

If we have for­gotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange God.20 If for all this we have forsaken the worshipping, and trusting in thee, or betaken our selves to other Gods than thee, to pray to, or trust in them for help.

Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the se­crets of the heart.21 To God, who we know to be jealous of his glo­rie, and a searcher of hearts, we appeal if this be so.

Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long: we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.22 Yea, if on the contrarie for thy truths sake we suffer not continual martyrdom and persecution.

23 We trust in thee, and pray to thee, but find no re­lief from thee,Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, cast us not off for ever. O Lord, bethink thy self of our mise­ries and thine ingagements, forbear our enemies no longer, but shew thy self against them, and for us, whom thou hast long exposed to their crueltie, but now give an end to it in mercie.

Wherefore hidest thou thy face? and forgettest our afflicti­on, and our oppres­sion?24 Why Lord dost thou so long turn thy back up­on us in displeasure, and shew us no favour, but seem­est utterly to have forgotten us, as if we neither were, nor never had been thy people, and to have no regard at all to our miserable state and condition.

For our soul is bowed down to the dust; our belly clea­veth unto the earth.25 For we fruitlesly afflict our souls, and mourn in dust and ashes, prostrating our selves upon the earth before thee in continual prayer and supplication, but are not heard.

Arise, for our help, and redeem us for thy mercie sake.26 Be moved at last, O Lord, to pitie our extre­mities, [Page 163] and to hear our prayers, after so long and great oppression, and miserie, shew us some mercie; help and deliver us by thy great power out of our great straits and miserable captivitie.

xlv. PSALM.

The Author of this Psalm commends Solomon and his Government and in him Christ; and after puts the Church (especially that of the Gentils) in mind of her happiness in being married to such an husband under the type of Pharaohs daughter, exhorting to carrie her self worthie such high pre [...]er­ment, and wooing her to it by many ensuing benefits.

A Psalm made and set to Shoshannim, The xlv. Psalm. To the chief musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil: A song of loves. an instrument of six strings; for instruction to the wife of Solo­mon, and so to the Church (especially of the Gen­tils) to turn from false Gods, and their worship, to the imbracing of God in Christ. Being a love-song, typically shewing the extraordinary love of Christ to, and delight in his spouse the Church, by the type of Solomons love and delight in his wife, in case she became a proselyte. And committed to the family of the Korathites for them to sing.

1 MY heart is happily inspired,MY heart is en­diting a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the King: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer. and my spirit in­kindled to speak of a remarkable piece of Go­spel-misterie, touching Christ and his spouse. I bor­row my speech and allusion from King Solomon and such praise-worthie things as are observable in him: My heart is full of Divine inspiration to set forth the praises of Christ thereby, and my tongue is made apt to utter them with a ready dexteritie.

2 As God hath advanced thee,Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. O Solomon, with honour to be King over Israel, as Christ shall be over [Page 164] his Church, so hath he beautified thee above the or­dinarie ranck of men, and adorned thee with excel­lent Divine wisdom and utterance, worthie thy place of regiment, like as he will do Christ, the blessed King, and bridegroom of his Church, with all the excellent inward ornaments of grace and spirit, wherein he shall exceed all, and of which his excellencies he shall participate to all his people by his powerful and saving word of grace, which is an infallible argument of the never failing love, and fa­vour God hath to thee, and will ever bear thee the type, as to Christ the antitype, and the blessings that shall accompany it.

Gird thy sword upon thy high, O most mightie: with thy glo­rie and thy majestie.3 Whensoever thou preparest for war, prepare for victorie, O thou that art mightily blessed and aided by the Almighty God of heaven, and made the King of most renown and majestie in all the world, as Christ shall be the most powerful and victorious Saviour of his Church, and mightiest potentate, to whom all power shall be given both in heaven and earth.

And in thy maje­stie ride prosperously, because of truth and meekness, and righte­ousness: and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.4 And in the majestick power that God hath gi­ven thee, prosperously proceed to aw and conquer all thine enemies, not by falshood, pride, and inju­stice, as do other Kings, that move upon earthly principles, but in Gods way by the exercise of his gra­ces of faithfulness, meekness, and justice, as shall do Christ by his Kingly office in behalf of his Church, prevailing and conquering by the saving truth of his word, patient long-suffering, and righteous performing of his promises: ruling and walking in this manner, thou shalt be able to work wonders, and shalt strike terrour into thine enemies, and reverence into thy people, as shall Christ into his.

[Page 165]5 Those that shall oppose thy Sovereign rule and government,Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the Kings en [...]mies; whereby the people fall under thee. will have but bad success, for thou art as Christ shall be, of power to quell them, whereby whole nations of the Gentils shall be subdued to thy subje­ction and obedience, as they shall to his.

6 Thy dominion and sovereigntie,Thy throne, O God) is for ever and ever: the scepter of thy Kingdom is a right scepter. O Solomon, the type of Christ, the son of God, is not like meer earthly Kings that perish, but it shall in him, who is God and our Divine mediator be extended over all, and to all e­ternity; Thou hast right to rule, for God himself hath given thee dominion over Jews and Gentils, as he hath done to Christ over all the world, a just and righteous government shalt thou the type execute in him the an­titype, who is the just and holy God, not subject to the corruptions of earthly Princes.

7 For he whom thou resemblest,Thou lovest righteousness, and ha­test wickedness: there­fore God, thy God, hath annointed thee with the oyl of glad­ness above thy fel­lows. perfectly loves and obeys the holy and righteous will of God, and as perfectly hateth both sin and sinners: for which cause, that he may be Gods high officer, and King over his Church, chosen peculiarly to that place and ho­nour before all mankind, and Gods own people too, as David was before all Israel, and both he and thou before the rest of your brethren; therefore is he ina­bled and enriched from God, whose son even by na­ture he is, and whose love most especially he hath, with the spirit of consolation, and all his Divine gra­ces in his humane nature, even without measure; whereof the adopted sons of God, and fellow-mem­bers of Christ, that are partakers with him of the Di­vine nature, as he is with them of the humane, do share, but in measure, short of him, receiving grace for grace from him.

8 All thy royall robes,All thy garments smell of myrrh, and a loes, and caslia; out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad. O Solomon, are richly and [Page 166] odoriferously perfumed with the most costly aroma­tick spices, when as thou shewest thy self to thy peo­ple, from out thy stately palaces, who at the sight and smell of thee are rejoyced and refreshed, and re­ciprocally return their joyfull and loyal acclama­tions to thee again, to thy great contentment as well as theirs: Like as Christ shall come from hea­ven furnished in his humane nature, with all excel­lent graces and perfections befitting his high office, to the infinit joy of his people, who enjoy the sweet and benefit thereof, which they return again unto him in love, honour, and service, to his good content.

Kings daughters were among thy ho­nourable women; up­on thy right hand did stand the Queen in gold of Ophir.9 Thou art honoured with many wives, and con­cubines of high birth, even Kings daughters are in the number of them; but especially, and of most account with thee is Pharaohs daughter, who is Queen above all the rest, and more gloriously attired than any. Like as Christ shall have the attendance and company of many noble and famous congregations, that will profess him, and worship him externally in his ordinances: But his onely and principal spouse is the holy Catholick Church, consisting principal­ly of the elect Gentils, whom he shall cloth like himself in his own righteousness, and adorn her with the Divine nature, and the graces of his spirit, and prefer her to special favour here, and glorie with him hereafter in heaven.

Hearken (O daughter) and consi­der, and encline thine ear; forget all thine own people, and thy fathers house.10 O daughter of Aegypt whom God hath made so happie as to bring thee thence, and to marrie thee to King Solomon the type of Christ, be thou also the resemblance of his spouse the Church, specially [Page 167] of the Gentils, by hearkening unto, and embracing the true and saving knowledge of the onely true God, and be converted by it, as she shall be, and turn from the errours wherein thou wast bred and born, inheriting them by education, and birth­right, as do even the elect of God their sinful and cor­rupt nature, till they be married to Christ by a new nature, and forsake all for him.

11 So shall King Solomon far more entirely love thee and delight in thee (thy beautie being much in­creased thereby,So shall the King greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord, and wor­ship thou him. and thou made glorious within as well as without) who is thy Lord and husband, and therefore one whom thou oughtest to obey and de­sire to please; Like as shall the Church be infinitly pleasing to Christ, when she hath given herself to him, and is endowed with his graces, whose Lord and husband he is, and whom she ought to serve and ho­nour.

12 Nor shalt thou lose thereby,And the daugh­ter of Tyre shall be there with a gift, even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour. but God will greatly increase thine honour and esteem, far more than being the daughter of Pharaoah comes to; for so shalt thou in conjugal participation gain the homage and subjection of great and rich nations; the most mightie and powerful people of all the world shall be brought under, and made glad of thy favour, through the favour and blessing of God upon thee: Like as it shall be with the Church which worships Christ in puritie and sinceritie, she shall be so blessed by him, as that no enemy shall stand before her, but by the assistance of the power and grace of Christ her Lord and husband, she shall be Ladie and Mistresse of the whole world, sought un­to of all nations for the knowledge of her saving truth, [Page 168] and participation of her graces, with the renouncing of their false confidences, to share with her in Christ.

The Kings daugh­ter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.13 Thou the daughter of King Pharaoh, art not glo­riously attired onely at such times as thou appearest in the worlds eye, as ordinarie women are, but art ever so, even within thy palace, as well as without; (as is the Church, not formally hypocritical; and to the worlds view onely, but really and sincerely, gracious, adorned by Christ, with his own justifying righteous­ousness, and sanctifying graces.)

She shall be brought unto the King in raiment of needle work: the vir­gins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.14 That so thou maiest delight and please thy Lord and King, when ever thou art presented to him in rai­ment worthy thy high linage, and royal marriage, and art accompanied to him with a gallant train of damo­sels fitting thy state, and dignitie: As shall the Ca­tholick Church be by Christ his sanctifying spirit pre­sented to himself in holiness and righteousness, even all the blessed company of saints gathered from out the whole world to make up that blessed society, and onely spouse of Christ.

With gladness and re [...]oycing shall they be brought: they shall enter in [...]o the Kings place.15 Thou with thy troup of damosels shalt by So­mons command and his servants ready attendance and obedience be ushered to his royal presence and pallace with infinit rejoycings and acclamations at that meeting and mutual imbracing▪ As shall the Church and spouse of Christ made up of all the ho­ly saints, and sanctified ones be brought and present­ed by their holy calling in the ministry and by the ministers of the word, unto Christ his grace and fa­vour, and by Angels into his everlasting glorie and presence in heaven, to the infinit joy of Gods mini­sters and servants, and with the acclamation of all those ministring spirits.

[Page 169]16 By forsaking thy fathers house,In stead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou maiest make princes in all the earth. God himself will become a father to thee, and will bless thee, and make thee, a happie mother of many hopefull chil­dren who shall command both Jews and Gentils. As shall the Church of Christ by choosing him the se­cond Adam for her Lord and husband, and forsaking the first, she shall thereby have God for her father, and shall be blessed with a numerous off-spring all the world over, all which spiritual progenie are a royal Generation, children of the most high, and put in Kingly office by him to command over all their earth­ly corruptions.

17 And by so doing thou shalt lose no honour,I will make thy name to be remem­bred in all Generati­ons: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever. but through my blessing upon thee for it, I will make the renown of this glorious act of thine to be famous, and thou for it from age to age; and thy memorie shall be precious, and thy prai­ses recorded in everlasting remembrance by the peo­ple of the Lord. As shall be the Church and spouse of Christ successively famous and honour­ed in all Generations for being his, and her me­morie happie and blessed from age to age, after Generations of Gods people honorably memorizing them that went before, with estimation and imitation to the worlds end.

The xlvi. PSALM.

Ierusalem or the people of Israel being at present in some great strait, or siedge, by a powerful enemie, and receiving deliverance. The Au­thor of this Psalm expresseth it in a high and hyperbolical strain, thereby to incourage the faith of Gods people to a strong and extraordinarie belief in God for ever, from their late eminent experience of his power and [Page 170] readiness to help them, his favour towards them, and presence with them, which ought to establish and secure them for future.

Psalm xlvi. To the chief musician, for the sons of Ko­rah. A song upon A­lamoth. A Psalm or song made and set to Alamoth, an in­strument or tune for the treble, and committed to the family of the Korathites for them to sing.

1 GOd is to us his people, that depend upon him and trust in him,GOd is our re­fuge & strength a very present help in trouble. both safetie from, and power against our enemies, he may be confided in to the ut­termost peril; for when we are nearest danger, he is nearest to deliver.

2 And therefore, should there be never such re­volutions in nature,Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed: and though the moun­tains be carried into the midst of the sea. strange and terrible; yet, our faith in God shall keep us steadie; yea, though the center of the earth should shake and remove from its place, and that by the violence of tempests, the very mountains should be taken and hurled as a stone out of a sling from their place of re­sidence far into the sea, yet shall our faith establish our hearts in God his grace and protection, how much more in the greatest tumults and commotions of civil affairs.

3 Though storms both at land and sea should at once seem to overwhelm us,Though the wa­ters thereof roar, and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. and all the world, and to dissolve the very course of nature it self, the seas threatning an universal deluge by their tempe­stuous rising, and fearful roaring, and should even shake the very mountains with their violent and im­petuous beating upon them, yet, in God shall our hearts hold up their heads.

There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the Citie of God: the holy place of the taberna­cles of the most high.4 When the sea of troubles and combustions seem to overwhelm all the world besides, and they be made to drink of most bitter and troubled wa­ters, [Page 171] even then shall the land of Jewry and espe­cially the Citie of Jerusalem have peace and tran­quillitie, and drink their fill of the fresh and plea­sant streams of Cedron, for that it is Gods pecu­liar habitation, and therefore hath it his peculiar protection and favour, as shall have his holy and Catholick Church, typified by his sanctuarie there, the onely place of resort for all the Israel of God to worship him in.

5 God in his worship and presence is there above all the world,God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved; God shall help her, and that right early. and therefore she shall be protected, though the world be exposed; she shall need to fear no danger, for God shall both certainly and seasona­bly deliver her.

6 The heathen people with great force and fu­rie were inraged against us,The heathen raged, the Kingdoms were moved; he ut­tered his voice, the earth melted. whole Kingdoms and conspiracies of the Gentil-nations were moved at us, to seek our overthrow: but the Lord Almigh­ty took our parts, and expressing his wrathful in­dignation by terrible thunder-claps from heaven a­gainst them, dissipated and discomfited all their earthly power.

7 Whatsoever armies are against us,The Lord of hosts is with u [...]; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. the power­ful and great commander, the Lord of hosts is with us, the God of our father Jacob, that mighti­ly delivered him, is on our side, and in covenant with us, to do the like for us: Let us therefore be comforted in him.

8 Consider well and thankfully remember the mighty mercies he hath shewn us in the powerful overthrows of our great and numerous enemies,Come, behold the works of the Lord, what desolations he hath made in the earth. how for our sakes he hath wonderfully destroyed them more than once, and nations more than one or two.

[Page 172] He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth: he break­eth the bow, and cut­teth the spear insun­der, he burneth the chariot in the fire.9 He hath often times settled his people Israel in an universal peace, spite of all the nations of the world, their opposits; whose forces he hath defeat­ed, and disabled their strength, though great, and as he hath done, so his power and promises are still of force to do for his Church, which he will preserve maugre her enemies and persecutors that infest her, and will give her peace by their destruction, and disa­blement, as he hath done for us.

Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted a­mong the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth.10 Repose your hearts on God with inward con­tent and securitie by a faithful expecting and appre­hending of him for a God all-sufficient in your be­halfs, one, that for your sakes will destroy the hea­then, and will honour his power and greatness upon the Gentils round about.

The Lord of hosts is with us, the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.11 Whatsoever armies are against us, the power­ful and great commander in chief, the Lord of Hosts, even of all the numberless number of created beings in heaven and earth, is with us; the God of Ja­cob, that mightily delivered him is on our side, and in covenant with us, to do the like for us in time of danger and difficultie. Let us therefore be comfort­ed in him.

The xlvii. PSALM.

The Author of this Psalm, which seems to be penned in the time of the glo­rious condition of the people of Israel under David and Solomon, in the name of the Iewish Church and nation, invites all the world to yield obe­dience to the Government of Christ typified in theirs then ascendent, and to be partakers of their happiness, and tells them the danger of refusing, for as Christ must prevail, so must his Church and people, whose hap­piness he greatly extols, because of the love and presence of God with them; for which he stirs them up mightily to magnifie the Lord. And prophesies the enlargement of Christs Kingdom over and amongst the Gentils by the Almightie over-ruling hand of God, [Page 173] and the glorious condition of the Evangelical Church under him as of theirs under David or Salomon, and far beyond it.Psalm xlvii. To the chief musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah.

A Psalm committed to Heman the chief musician of the familie of the Korathites for him and them to sing.

1 O That all the world would be advised to share in our happiness,O Clap your hands (all ye people,) shout unto God with the voice of triumph. by entertaining that common salvation tendred them in the Messiah, now as it were ascended into heaven in that pledge of his presence the Ark pitched upon Sion; and that now they would subject themselves unto him, together with us, not of constraint, but of a willing mind, with joyful and thankful hearts, as one day they shall, receiving him for their Lord and King, that he might triumphant­ly reign over Jews and Gentils.

2 For they that refuse voluntarie subjection to him,For the Lord most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth. will have cause to repent it, they will find him (even the Messiah whom they slighted in his types on earth) to be the most high God reigning not onely in heaven, but on earth also, yea, all the world over, as he will make it appear by executing terrible vengeance upon such as rebel against him.

3 But for our parts that are his chosen people,He shall subdue the people under us, and the nations under our feet. we shall be blessed of the Lord, and how ever the Gentils do stubbornly refuse to come in unto us, par­take of our priviledges, and subject themselves to his government among us, yet shall they be made subject to us, and to our Kings the types of Christ, whose spiritual Kingdom shall enlarge it self over all the world, over-powring by his spirit the most igno­rant and rebellious to receive him, and be subject to him.

[Page 174] For he shall chuse our inheritance for us, the excellencie of Jacob whom he lo­ved. Selah.4 As he hath graciously made choice of us for his people, so will he accordingly give us the utmost he hath promised to our forefathers his faithful ser­vants and their faithful seed, concerning both an earthly and heavenly inheritance, maugre all enemies temporal or spiritual, and dignifie us the seed of holy Jacob his beloved with those excellent priviledges ap­propriated by promise of Temple-worship and roy­al government, figuring Christ his King and priestly office; An honour unspeakable.

God is gone up with a shout, The Lord with the sound of a trumpet.5 How do we see it made good to us, in that the Lords Ark, the sure pledge and token of his pre­sence with us and favour to us, is at this time to be fixed in its abiding place upon mount Sion, whether it is triumphantly carried with joyful acclamations, and sound of trumpet, answerable to the welcome entertainment of Christ in the hearts of his Go­spel-converts and faithful people in his Church E­vangelical on earth, and his glorious entertain­ment at his ascention, by saints and Angels in hea­ven.

Sing praises to God, sing praises; sing praises unto our King, sing praises.6 O that we could rise up to their pitch of praise and gratitude for this unestinable mercie, and privi­ledge we enjoy of the gracious presence, and divine favour of God in Christ to us, and amongst us in its lively types, but though we cannot but come short of what it merits from us, yet let us lay out our selves to the utmost of our skill and abilities in praising, magnifying, and exalting the Lord, both for his own excellencies, and for our interest and pro­prietie in him and them, as a people ought to do that have such a God for their King, and gracious benefactor.

[Page 175]7 We above all people have cause to praise him,For God is the King of all the earth, sing ye praises with understanding. for though he be King of all the whole earth, yet of us in a differing manner and eminencie, so that though honour be due to him from all creatures, yet more especially from us, for that none have that knowledge of him, and peculiar obligation to him that we have; Therefore we are not to praise him, as others that know him onely by acts of creation, and providence, and are subjects at large: but with a saving Gospel-understanding of him in the Messiah, and powerfully not formally acting-faith in our hearts, answerably to the praises of our lips.

8 And though we be now the onely peculiar of God,God reigneth o­ver the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness. and all the world but we are as it were ex­empted out of grace and favour: Yet, are the hea­then as well as we under his government and power: And the same God that hath been gracious to us can make them also his people, when he plea­seth: And doubtless will from heaven his place of holiness remember in truth and faithfulness the pro­mises made to, and concerning them, for light to shine out of Sion to them that sit in darkness, which he is able to fulfil, and bring them in to himself ac­cordingly.

9 Yea,The Princes of the people are gather­ed together, even the people of the God of Abraham; for the shields of the earth belong unto God: he is greatly exalted. and which he will certainly do in great abundance, even Kings and Kingdoms that now are heathenish shall imbrace the faith of Christ preached amongst them out of Jerusalem, and be ingrafted in­to the stock of faithful Abraham our predecessour, as well as we our selves, whose seed they all are that do, or shall believe upon the face of the whole earth, [Page 176] and have as good a right to the God of Abraham as we, whose priviledge ought not to be in the flesh but in the spirit, by, and in which spirit, shall Jews and Gentils be united; when the power of God shall be made manifest in Christ, then shall the great as well as the small belong unto God, and how ever they have refused subjection to him, and stood in opposition against him, yet they shall take Laws from him, and and that right willingly; becomming, of enemies, friends: yea, under him, protectors and defendors of their fellow-brethren, believers in Christ through­out all the earth: Thus shall God in Christ be univer­sally worshipped, and his Kingdom enlarged far be­yond the bounds of Jewry. The particion shall be taken down, and his dominion shall be throughout all the world, as Davids and Salomons is over Jews and Gentils.

The xlviii. PSALM.

This Psalm seems to be made upon some notable deliverance that Ierusa­lem had, from some potent armie made up of several nations that had besiedged it, but by a special and immediate hand of God w [...]re wonderfully defeated, and sent away, without effecting any thing a­gainst it; whence the pen-man takes occasion. to commend the happie estate and condition of that Citie above all places in the world, part­ly for the natural scituation, but chiefly for the divine priviledges and protection God had vouchsafed it. And from their present expe­rience argues unto future confidence of grace and mercie in like sort, like as in their distress they had been incouraged by calling to mind former acts of power and grace to them and their forefathers. For which their so wonderful deliverance, he sayes God will have praise every where, but acknowledgeth it chiefly due from them, and that both of his power, goodness, and faithfulness; exciting all that partake of that happiness to express their thankfulness joyfully, and that they may the better do it, he wishes them to survey, as the glorie of Ierusalem, so withall the glorious power and providence of God, [Page 187] that hath preserved it undefaced maugre their enemies, the memory where­of he would have entailed upon posterity for ever, for the help of the saith of Gods Church and people in all ages, and distresses.

A Psalm to be both sung and plaid by voices and in­struments by the family of the Korathites, Psalm xlviii. A song, and Psalm for the sonnes of Korah. to whom it is committed for that purpose.

1 GOd in his Majesty and Power hath manifested himself to be exceeding great all the world over,GReat is the Lord, and greatly to be praised in the Citie of our God, in the moun­tain of his holiness. in all places, to all people, by his works of crea­tion and dayly providence, but beyond all these, he is declared unto us, and hath declared himself for us both great and gracious, in most remarkable mercies of transcendent natures, in the behalf of his own Citie Jerusalem, chosen for the peculiar place of his wor­ship and service, where therefore he is to be praised accordingly, for his more than ordinary favours vouchsafed to that place and people, and chiefly in mount Sion the glory of Jerusalem, where the Ark resideth, and with it his special presence, there there­fore is he principally to be magnified.

2 A place it is of it self naturally pleasant and sweetly scituated,Beautifull for scituation, the joy of the whole earth is mount Sion, on the sides of the North, the Citie of the great King. beautified also with the glorious splendour of the Temple built thereon, admirable to behold, but more to be admired for the spirituall beauty and glory that shines forth thence to all the world, holding forth the saving Gospel-truths of Je­sus Christ the promised Messiah in their types and lively representations, to all that by faith will lay hold of him, and come in unto him from the four corners of the earth, and from whence shall spring the doctrin of salvation, which shall be preached all the world over to the joy of all that shall receive it, specially [Page 178] Northerly, whether by its situation it partly looks, and is thereby pleasantly refreshed with the coole winds that blow from thence in that hot countrey. Every way commendable it is, but in nothing more than in this; That it is the chosen Metropolis of King David and Salomon where they specially resided, and swayed the Scepter over Jews and Gentils, in repre­sentation of Christ rule and dominion in and over his Church universall.

God is known in her palaces for a re­fuge.3 Nor doth the strength of this beautifull Citie Jerusalem consist onely in that of Art and Nature, which yet is very considerable in her above others, but chiefly in the favour and protection of God him­self there specially residing, by the Ark in the Temple that glorious structure, and in those Kingly types in­habiting the royall places thereof, to which and to the whole Citie for their sakes he hath sundry times yielded admirable preservations, and given great de­liverances, as God shall to his Church and people for Christs sake their King and Priest

For [...]o, the Kings were assembled, they passed by together.4 Many instances may be given, wherein God hath appeared miraculously in the behalf of this his Citie & the holy mountain in it, against sundry potent and combined forces of heathenish Kings, that have en­deavoured the destruction of it more times than once, and have pitched before it for that purpose, but have been disappointed of their aimes, and sent away with­out their errand, having been able for all their great preparation and joynt combinations against it, to do it no more harm than as if they had been so many wayfaring men that passed by it.

They saw it, and so th [...]y marvelled, they were troubled and hasted away.5 Nay, though they came with minds full fraught with pride and hatred against it, yet when they come [Page 179] to be eye-witnesses of the excellencies humane and divine, that appeared in the Citie and Temple, their hearts misgave them, and they were struck into asto­nishment and admiration of what they saw; God so awing their hearts, and doing such supernaturall exe­cution upon their armies, that they wished they had never undertaken the enterprise, and thereupon got them gone as fast as they could, when they saw it was a place defended by the living God.

6 Though when they came to beseidge it,Fear took hold upon them there, and pain, as of a woma [...] in travell. in their thoughts they had as good as taken it, promising themselves infallible success by the greatness of their power, but when they once set to work about it, and should have done execution upon it, God appeared against them, and then their courage quickly failed them, on a sudden their hearts were dashed, and they discomfited with extream distraction and unexpected terrour.

7 Thou,Thou breakest the ships of Tarshish with an Eastwind. O God, didst by them, even by these mighty armies, as thou dost sometimes by the strong and tall ships at sea, dashest them one against another by the storms thou raisest, and so splits and scatters them, that a whole Navie is brought to nothing, and so were they before Jerusalem, by the mighty and im­mediate hand against them.

8 God hath approved himself of the self-same goodness to us,As we have heard so have we seen in the Citie of the Lord of hosts, in the Citie of our God, God will e­stablish it for ever. Selah. as to our forefathers, and of the same faithfulness in performing as in promising, for what deliverances God wrought in the times of the Patri­arks, and what he promised by the mouths of his Pro­phets, we in our times are able, as concerning his won­derfull deliverances of Jerusalem and this Nation, to draw a parallel line, to any that went before, and to [Page 180] write probatum est to what ever promise God made for the good of his chosen people, for he hath mar­vellously improved his power in the defence of this place, which is so peculiarly his above all places in the world, shewing himself to have the command of all earthly powers, and that he onely is the Lord of Hosts, having sovereign Authority over them and their Kings, which hath been manifested by the glo­rious and marvellous victories he hath given this Ci­tie, against such potent enemies as have come against it, because it is his after a peculiar sort, and he ours so too in a differing manner from all the people upon earth: and what he hath done is a sure sign and pledge of his future favour and grace, that he will still conti­nue to be the same God to it and us, we continuing so to him, as Christ will be to his Church and people everlastingly. Even so be it.

We have thought of thy loving kind­ness, O God, in the midst of thy Temple.9 In our distresses we had the happiness to have thy Temple (O Lord) to go unto, and in it the Ark of the Covenant and mercy-seat, signs of thy favour to us, and presence with us, which did much incou­rage us to seek unto thee, and there to mind thee, as of those speciall relations and ingagements, so of all thy former acts of love and kindness, which when we call­ed to mind, exceedingly upheld our hearts in the midst of our greatest dangers, and gave us argument of prayer unto thee, and faith in thee for the like grace in the like occasion, to be shewn again and again, as oft as thy people and this place stands in need.

According to thy name, O God, so is thy praise unto the ends of the earth: thy right hand is full of righteousness.10 According to the greatness of our deliverances which thou hast wrought, whereby the fame of thy grace and power to us-ward is spread throughout all the earth, such is the increase of thine honour, and [Page 181] renown, amongst those people far and near. And whilst others behold thee onely in thy power and goodness to us, and admire thee for it, we have reason to see farther, and to acknowledg more of thee than so, even thy faithfulness also (according to what thou hast promised) in all these wonderfull works of deliverance which thou hast wrought for us, with an out-stretched arm of power and strength, for all the world to take notice of.

11 And though thy works do challenge the honour and praise that is due unto thee for them,Let mount Sion rejoyce, let the daugh­ters of Judah be glad, because of thy judge­ments. from all Nations where the fame of them is spread, yet, chiefly from us that experiment the good of them, and the goodness of thee to us, that dost so great things for us, and for thy holy mountain, (the figure of thy Church in all ages) situate amongst us, whereby thou givest cause of joy and gladness, not onely to it, but to all thy people round about it, that are so secured and safeguarded by it, from all their enemies; which, for the preservation of it, and them, thou hast destroyed with such remarkable manifestation of thy judge­ments upon them, and favour unto it and us.

12 The better to stirre you up to praise,Walk about Si­on, and go round a­bout her: tell the towers thereof. and rejoy­cing, and confidence in God, take an exact view, and advisedly consider the beauty and strength that he hath bestowed upon this place (the type of heaven it self) above all places in the world, how though it hath been so often, and so mightily attempted by enemies, yet how fruitlesly on their behalf, that have not been able to deface the least beauty, nor to weaken the least strength belonging to it, but that round about on all sides God hath defended it (as Christ shall his Church every where) that nothing is diminished, though sur­rounded [Page 182] with armies of enemies on every side. The walls and towers (as you may see) are still the same they were.

Mark ye well her bulwarks, consider her palaces; that ye may tell it to the ge­neration following.13 Her fortifications not one jot demolished, her beautifull Temple and palaces no whit impaired. O wonderfull deliverance, O infinite grace, consider it again and again, what God hath done to and for his people, and peculiar place of residence, that you may declare it to your children, and they to theirs, to strengthen their faith in God, and to gain him the praises of after ages, who as well, as we, will tast the sweet of these past and present mercies, and which are a pledge of future favours unto them.

For this God is our God for ever, and ever; he will be our guid even unto death.14 For this God whom we worship in Jerusalem, and who hath wrought such deliverances for it, is one and the same, his power and goodness unchangeable to his own faithfull people and servants in one age as well as in another, and shall be made so to appear even to the end of the world, and though he be always theirs, yet, then chiefly shall he shew himself their God and guid, when they have most need of him, and are in greatest danger.

xlix. PSALM.

The Psalmist, that what he should say might be more effectuall, and take the better impression with all sorts and conditions of men, good and bad, high and low, it being matter both of weight and difficulty, he therefore doth in­troduce it with a serious preamble. Of weight, both for the godly to under­stand, thereby to frame themselves to a patient enduring of afflictions from the wicked in this life, with assured hope of reward and deliverance in the life to come, when as their enemies shall perish, and also for the great ones of the world to know, that they may learn not to put their confidence and feli­city in riches, and honour, which are transiunt, and shall perish with them­selves, [Page 183] to the neglect of true happiness. Of difficulty, to be practised, and submitted to, both of the one, and the other, the godly being too apt to fear dissidence, and impatitiency, by reason of their present sufferings, and they that enjoy the affluence of the world, to abuse it, to their own destruction.

A Psalm committed to Heman, Psalm xlix. To the chief musician, A Psalm for the sons of Korah. the chief musician of the family of the Korathites, for him and them to sing.

1 THat which I am about to speak,HEar this, all ye people, give ear all ye inhabi­tants of the world. in this ensuing Psalm, is of that weight and universall con­cernment, that I wish it may come to the knowledge of all men, that live upon the face of the whole earth, now, or hereafter, and so many as it does, I wish them to be heedfull of it.

2 Let none exempt themselves,Both low & high, rich & poor together. for every man, let his condition be what it will, good or bad, is concern­ed, one as well as another, in what by the spirit of God I shall teach them.

3 It is no vain or needless thing,My mouth shall speak of wisdom; and the meditation of my heart shall be of un­derstanding. that I am about to utter, that which I shall speak is that wisdom, which God himself hath taught me, not any thing hatched in mine own brain nor phancy, but such understanding as God hath revealed to that end, therefore shall I from mine heart declare it to you.

4 I for my part confess my self a learner in such things as I shall teach you from God,I will encline mine ear to a parable; I will open my dark saying upon the Harp. and therefore though I am used as Gods instrument to declare them, yet will I consider them with the uttermost care and diligence I can, for my self, as I would have you to do for your selves. And what I shall speak shall be by way of Psalm, sung to the Harp the better to affect both my self and you with it, which being of so divine a nature, is not easily understood by men that in whole or in part are flesh and bloud, as we [Page 184] all are, and therefore need to be the better heeded.

Wherefore should I fear in the days of evil, when the iniqui­ty of mine heels shall compass me about?5 Why should I (or any child of God) distrust­fully lay to heart mine afflictions by wicked worldly men, yea, though God him [...]elf set them on work to pu­nish me, and deservedly too for my sinfull wayes, and that in such a manner as there seems (to speak hu­manely) no way to escape the danger, but to perish under it.

They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the mul­titude of their riches.6 For what are they that I am afraid of, but vain and foolish men, that trust not in God, but in deceive­able riches, which is all they have to glory in, knowing no other happiness.

None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him.7 Which yet stands them in no stead, as to free them from death temporall, or to the obtaining life eternall, as to these they have no priviledg above those they count, and make, miserable here; for as wealthy as they are, they have their time set them by God, which they cannot lengthen a moment, neither their own life nor their friends or kinsmans, but when their hour comes, one must die as well as the other, how vain then is their confidence in riches.

For the redem­ption of their soul is precious, and it ceas­eth for ever.)8 For however money may buy other things, yet life (the principall of mans happiness) neither tem­porall nor eternall will be purchased by it, its too pre­cious a commodity to be bought with such trash, ano­ther gets ransome is the price of that, and therefore for all their great wealth, they may be short lived, and then where is all their happiness; they, and it, ceaseth for ever.

That he should still live for ever, and not see corruption.9 Neither his own life, nor any ones else that he hath a mind should live, can he with all his wealth make to do so, if that were so, they would be sure to live always and never die, for they know no happi­ness, [Page 185] but what this world affords, on the tother side the grave, they look for no good.

10 And though this be so,For he seeth that wise men die, likewise the fool and the brut­ish person perish. that they cannot have an everlasting happiness by the transitory and fading wealth of this world, but that they must part from it, and leave it behind them, which they see by dayly experience in others of their rank, that death makes no difference of rich and worldly wise men, from those that they count fools and brutish, and for all their wis­dom in getting and fore-casting, they are not onely so unhappy as to leave their estates behind them, but when they are dead, oft times they have it, that they never ment it to.

11 Yet for all they see,Their inward thought is that their houses shall continue for ever, and their dwelling places to all generations; they call their lands after their own names. and cannot but know this, they are far from reflecting upon themselves, and see­ing their errour, but notwithstanding it, their thoughts and minds are wholly still taken up how to greaten and perpetuate themselves, and their families, as if it were so that they should never die, nor part from that they have, and dream of an earthly immortality and felicity and none other, being ignorant of heavens.

12 But let them think what they will of this their earthly happiness,Nevertheless man being in honour, abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish. and price it never so highly, and hope to enjoy it everlastingly, yet they shall find them­selves mistaken miserably; they and their content­ments will not last long, much less always, be they ne­ver so highly promoted they shall stoop to death, and then for all their honour and happiness here, what difference between them and the very brute beasts, whose happiness was here also? for as the one so the other by death bids farewell to felicity, which onely this life afforded them.

13 However these men applaud themselves in their [Page 186] worldly wisdom and happiness,This their way is their folly; yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah. and esteem other men fools that value not the things of this life at the rate they do, yet this their wisdom is but foolishness, and their confidence their deceit, and their end proves it, whereby all happiness ends with them, but as nothing is more apparent, so nor less believed, for their poste­rity tread in the same steps, approve of their fathers errours, and think that folly that deceived them, to be the onely wisdom, and so are in like sort deceived themselves. And so let them be.

Like sheep they are laid in the grave, death shall fe [...]d on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the mor­ning, and their beauty shall consume in the grave, from their dwel­ling.14 Though here on earth by their pomp and plen­tifull way of living, they were distinguished from other men of inferiour ranck, yet the grave will make no difference, but as sheep are put into a fold, so shall the grave receive them, like as it doth other men, and the worms there consume them; and those that here they set so light by and trampled upon, the godly and faithfull ones, after the long night of the grave is over, and that Christ in his second coming shall appear, and they with him in glory and immortality, then shall these despised righteous ones be their judges, and shall approve that to be the onely true wisdom▪ which in them, they counted here to be but foolishness. Thus shall all the honour and contentment they had here on earth, end in the grave in corruption and rot­tenness, and they never like to see good days again.

But God will re­deem my soul from the power of the grave; for he shall re­ceive me. Selah.15 But how ever my case and the case of the chil­dren of God may here seem miserable, Lazarus like, whilst they lie under the contempt and oppression of the Dives-es of this world, yet are we sure of everlast­ing salvation (which they shall not partake of) for God in faithfulness and mercy will raise us up from death to life, and though our bodies have suffered in [Page 187] this world, our souls shall be saved in the next, for as we belong to the election of his grace, so he will be sure to receive us into glory, of this we may be confident.

16 And as I said before,Be not thou a­fraid when one is made rich, when the glory of his house is increased. what need I, or any other child of God then fear, what man can do unto us; Though we see power put into worldly mens hands that fear not God, though wealth and honour increase upon them.

17 Let not this dismay us,For when he di­eth he shall carry no­thing away: his glory shall not descend after him. nor make us envy them, but consider such a mans end, when death comes, and die he must; then and there he shall be poor enough and low enough, neither his honour nor riches shall profit him, or disprofit thee in the grave, then is thy turn to be happy, and his to be miserable.

18 Though while he lived here in the midst of sen­sualities,Though whilst he lived he blessed his soul: and m [...]n will praise thee, when thou dost well to thy self. and had what the world could afford to give him content, and make him happy, he flattered him­self with omne bene, never once thinking of a change, but lived as if he should never die, and thought him­self by reason of his worldly affluence, as much and more in favour with God, then Gods own children, that wanted what he had, and surely so think others too, the world generally believes those men onely to be happy, and in a good condition, that have the world at will, and pampers themselves with that they have, these are they that are had in reputation, for the onely wise and happy men.

19 But alas,He shall go to the generation of his fathers, they shall ne­ver see light. how are they deceived, both the one and the other, for he must die as his forefathers did in their times and turns, his happiness here will have an end as theirs had, and then begins his misery, as theirs did, which will have no end, the lamp of this life shall extinguish in utter darkness.

[Page 188] Man that is in honour and under­standeth not, is like the beasts that perish.20 The sum and substance of all is this. That those men that have honour and riches, if withall they have not the knowledge and fear of God, they live like brute beasts, whose God is their belly, and shall die like them too, for they and their happiness shall perish together.

The l. PSALM.

God by the Psalmist declares that as all the world lies in sinne, so he will judge them for it, and yet can and will save his faithfull and elect people, when he condemns the rest, which he will proc [...] against in judgement, though they never partaked of that divine light which sh [...] onely amongst his people Israel, who therefore he more especially taxes and reproves, not onely for a sinfull but an ungratefull and a despising people, that having those excellent priviledges of his worship and presence amongst them, so shamefully play the hypocrits with him, pretending holiness in outward ce­remoniall worship and performances, but never heed how faith and grace acts in their services, nay many of them are not onely formall, but even pro­phane hypocrites, that dare to live in sin, even gross sins, and yet be frequent in duties, thus mocking God to his face, and yet think he likes well enough of that they do, because they smart not for it, but God tells them, they shall tast the bitter fruit of their wayes if they repent not. And for them that spi­ritually and uprightly worship him amongst them; as they honour him, so he will reward them to their hearts content.

Psalm l. A Psalm of Asaph. A Psalm made by Asaph.

THe mighty God, even the Lord hath spoken, & called the earth from the rising of the sun, unto the going down thereof.THe onely true and Almighty God, the Lord of all the earth, having noted thē Idolatrous miscarriages, and false worships, that are every where practised, summons all men in all the world to take notice.

Out of Sion the perfection of beauty, God hath shined.2 That though the whole world be in sinfull dark­ness, and ignorance of the true God, and the right way of serving him. Yet there is a corner of the earth that [Page 189] God hath vouchsafed to shine out of, as the sun when it arises in the East, and spreads its light by degrees over the face of the whole heavens, a place and peo­ple that he hath chosen to reveal himself in and amongst, it is his people Israel in the land of Canaan, principally in the Citie Jerusalem, but most especially upon mout Sion, there shall you find and see in a breife map of lively types and representations God manifested not onely in his majesty, but in his true and saving way of worship, grace and truth shining there, and from thence shall take its rise to overspread the whole world.

3 This God that is so peculiarly ours,Our God shall come, and shall not keep silence: a fire shall devour before him, and it shall be ve­ry tempestuous round about him. and at pre­sent seems comparatively to be professour of no part of the earth, but this that his people dwell in, nor to have no dominion over any else, for none serve him but they. This God of ours shall one day make it ap­pear that he is Lord of all the world, when he shall come to judge it, which he will do, though now he forbear, and suffer it to lie in ignorance and Idolatry, but he will appear in terrour, and great glory to the astonishing and confounding of all men all the world over, that believe not in him, nor worship him a­right.

4 None shall escape his judgement,He shall call to the heavens from a­bove, and to the earth, that he may judge his people. the heavens and the earth which he made, he shall command to render up all mankind, alive, or dead and dissolved into their elements or first principles, as subject to him to be judged by him, from the four corners of the world.

5 Then shall it appear that but some of all the world are Gods peculiar sanctified ones,Gather my saints together unto me; those that have made a covenant with me by sacrifice. a people sprinkled with the bloud of the covenant, keeping [Page 190] faith and a good conscience, which the Angels by spe­ciall appointment shall gather together from out the rest of the world, and set them on Gods right hand in heaven, as now his Israel, his onely covenanting and sacrificing people, severed from all the world besides, are by a powerfull hand settled in Canaan.

And the heavens shall declare his righ­teousness; for God is judge himself. Selah.6 His righteous justice shall be made manifest over all the earth in condemning the wicked, be they ne­ver so many, and saving those that are godly from amongst them, be they never so few, for the righte­ous and omnipotent God that is Lord over all, and hath all power both in heaven and earth, who is of wisdom to judge aright of all men, and of power to execute his judgement, shall himself pass sen­tance infallibly from heaven upon them. Even so be it.

Hear O my peo­ple, and I will speak [...]; O Israel, and I will testifie against thee: I am God, even thy God.7 What have been said of my peculiar favour to you above all the world besides, is true, how that I have chosen you out of the whole earth, placed you in the promised land, vouchsafed you my speciall presence in my speciall place of wor­ship, entered covenant with you to be your God, and you likewise with me to be my people, mine Is­rael, to tread in the steps of your faithfull forefa­thers; and therefore, though I have a quarrell with all the world for their sinfull evil ways, for which I will one day judge them as I have said, yet you that are my people, even because you are so; I would have you know, and therefore do I passio­nately press it upon you, that your sins in your ignorance of me and abuse of my name and wor­ship in an outward pretence of holiness without faith and affection, are my greatest trouble, and [Page 191] which I cannot but with griefe complain of as a great unkindness against me the God of all the world; but more especially your God above and beyond all the world besides, and therefore ex­spect to be served in sincerity, and not in hypocriti­call shews and formalities by you.

8 It is not your sacrifices that I so much care for,I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices, or thy burnt-offerings, to have been continu­ally before me. nor do I complain the want of them, I have had enough and too many of such ceremonies from you, that I even surfet again of them.

9 Those are things which thou valuest,I will take no Bul­lock out of thy house, nor He-Goats out of thy folds. thy Bul­locks and thy Goats, they are thy livelihood and sustenance, which makes thee set by such kind of ser­vice, but they are not of that value to me, nor of that use, it is not they that give me content, I had rather be without them, than have them after that carnall and formall manner you offer them; you think you do me a pleasure by being at such charges, and that you feast me as you do your selves with the sacrifices you offer me; whereas did I need such things, I would not be beholden to your stalls or folds for them.

10 I would go where there is better choice,For every beast of the forrest is mine, and the cattell upon a thousand hills. and more variety, and take either what I wanted, or what I pleased, all the world over, for they are all mine, the whole store that the whole earth is furnished with, and where you can plead no propriety.

11 Yea,I know all the fowls of the moun­tains: and the wild beasts of the field are mine. I can command also the fowls that flie in the air, or that breed in the mountains, out of your reach, and those beasts that naturally are wild and untameable, and never will be at your command, they are all mine.

12 So that if I were an hungry,If I be hungry, I would not tell thee, for the world is mine, & the fulness thereof. and had an appetite [Page 192] to eat and feed upon the creature, as thou dost, as by your manner of service you seem to fancy me to be, I need not take the meat out of thy mouth by ap­pointing you sacrifices to any such end, who am the God of all the world, and can serve my self as I please upon the creature which I have replenished the whole earth withall.

Will I eat the flesh of Bulls, or drink the bloud of goats.13 Can you have such low and base thoughts of me, as to think me to have appointed the sacrifices I command you for any such carnall and sensuall re­spects, that am a spirit, and look to be worshipped in spirit, or are you so void of reason and understanding, as to offer them to me upon such humane and grosse principles, as if the killing of cattell and shedding their bloud, never discerning the Lords body, were the thing I coveted, were served by, and took pleasure in, no, I hate such services, and have no pleasure in such sacrifices, it is not for want of such that I reprove thee, I have had enow and too many of them.

Offer unto God thanksgiving, and pay thy vows unto the most high.14 If you will serve me aright, and sacrifice, to give me content, then offer other manner of sacrifices than these, or these sacrifices after another manner; I that am a spirit look for the service of your faith and affe­ctions, let the ceremonies and sacrifices you perform be significant, not shells without kernels, when you pretend to thank me in peace-offerings &c. Bring your hearts with you, let your faith and affections be offered up unto me through the propitiatory media­tour in whom onely they are accepted, in an humble gratulatory way, for the good you acknowledge. Remember its God you have to do with, who looks for the service of the inward as well as the outward man, have thy mind on high in the heavens where I [Page 193] am, when thou worships me here below, and there­fore be sure with the spirit thou pour forth praise and thanks unto me for the goodness and benefits thou acknowledgest to have received from me, when as thou offerest sacrifice.

15 Its prayer and praise offered up in faith to me,And call upon me in the day of trou­ble; I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorifie me. because of my grace and faithfulness to you, that I set by, its that shall prevail with me, not your empty ceremonies, and sapless sacrifices. If you be in trou­ble at any time, let me then hear from you in that way, and you shall be sure of a gracious answer from me, because then and never till then, I know I shall be sure to have a faithfull return made me of praise, glory, and thanks, for the goodness I shew unto you.

16 These are the men and this is that manner of service that God accepts of,But unto the wicked God saith, what hast thou to do to declare my statures, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth. but to the carnall hypocrit, or meer formall professor, that is so busie in externall performances of legall rites commanded by God, he would have such an one know, that he had rather have his room than his company, for all he does is but in abuse of God and his worship, making shew of serving him and keeping covenant with him, but without any truth or sincerity of heart, whereby he adulterates Gods own ordinances, and makes them utterly unpleasing to him, though appointed by him, but never intended they should be practised or preached by such men in such a manner.

17 To bolster them up in their impieties,Seeing thou ha­test instruction, and castest my words be­hind thee. ta­king liberty to sin because they conform to out­ward ceremoniall ordinances: God would have such know, that they neither glorifie him nor pro­fit [Page 194] themselves, that are carefull in outward duties, and acts of Religion, and careless of holiness in heart and conversation.

When thou saw­est a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been parta­ker with adulterers.18 Thou, that art so full of seeming sanctity, thinkest thou, that God regards thy services, if with­all thy heart be full of hypocrisie, and thy ways of unrighteousness, breaking the morall law, whilst thou makest conscience of the ceremoniall, giving the reins to thy corrupt heart, and hands to con­trive and act all manner of impieties, as theft, adultery, and joyning thy self with such compa­nions.

Thou givest thy mouth to evil, and thy tongue frameth de­ceit.19 Taking liberty to lie, and deceive, and ma­kest even a trade and common practise of it.

Thou [...]i [...]test and speakest against thy brother; thou slander­est thine own mothers sonne.20 Studiously back-biting and traducing others, that mean thee no hurt, nor never did thee any, but ought to be loved of thee as brethren, and of envy or emulation slandering those that are near and should be dear unto thee, thine own very kin­dred, and allies, labouring their disparagement, and disgrace.

These things hast thou done, and I kept silence: thou thought­est that I was altoge­ther such an one as thy self; but I will re­prove thee, and set them in order before thine eyes.21 These things you know have been acted a­mongst you, even by and amongst you that yet pretend to be a people in covenant with me, and come and worship before me, and sacrifice unto me, and because I bear with you in these hypo­criticall evil ways of yours, and suffered my self to be thus mocked, and abused by you, you thought that I approved of you and your doings, but you shall find that I set not so light by mine honour, as you think for, nor will not so easily put up with such abuses as you imagine, there will come a time, [Page 195] that I will make you smart for your base abuse of me, and mine holy ordinances, and you shall know that I am sensible of your ingratitude, and so shall you be of my just indignation for these your sins, which I have marked all along; you shall find so much, how that Ile remember, when you have forgotten them, and mind you of them to your cost.

22 For think you,Now consider this, ye that forget God, least I tear you in pieces, and there be none to deliver. that I will be so severe against the sins of the rest of the world, that in compari­son of you have no knowledge of me, nor have re­ceived no favours from me, and that I will not be much more so towards you; That I cannot pretend ignorance, but sin against me either out of a stupid supine negligence, and disrespect of me, or out of a spirit of rebellion; But consider it you had best, how my name hath been prophaned amongst you, and persist not to despise me in this sort, and forget the duty and gratitude that you owe me, who deserve better from you; least that of all the world you smart most for it, for as your sins are the great­est being against light, and loving-kindness, so without repentance shall your plagues be the so­rest, for as you are without excuse, so shall you be without mercy; no one, not Moses nor any your forefathers upon whom you bear your selves, no nor the Messiah himself shall open his mouth for you, to save or deliver such an hypocriticall ill-de­serving people.

23 This is generally a nationall fault amongst you,Who so offereth praise, glorifieth me: and to him that or­dereth his conversati­on aright, will I shew the salvation of God. and will at last bring forth nationall judge­ments, and common destruction upon you, but yet as I have known and chosen you (though ill de­serving it) to be my people of all the world, so do I [Page 196] know, and have chosen some from among you, that bear me better respect than the rest; And such an one who ever he be, let not him fear to perish with the rest, but be confident who ever he is that makes conscience to worship me in spirit as well as in form, and when he sacrifices to me, then with an humble, faithfull, and affectionate heart praiseth me for my benefits and favours vouch­safed, thats the man that mine eye is upon, and upon the worship and service he performs to ac­cept it, for he alone worships me aright, all else is lost labour, and meer mockery: The spirituall minded man, and the reall sincere hearted Israelite, who is as well conscionable and carefull of his life and conversation, to walk uprightly with God, and honestly with men, as of the rites and forma­lities of the ceremoniall law, and mine externall worship to do them; this is the man, that as he serves me acceptably, so will I reward him boun­tifully, he shall see with the eye of faith, and feel to the rejoycing of his heart, by the inward te­stimony of Gods spirit, his gracious acceptance of him, and his services, with the assured hope of eternall happiness in the Kingdom of heaven, and gracious providence here on earth, when others shall perish both temporally and eternally.

The li. PSALM.

David having long lain unsensibly under the guilt and power of the sins of murder and adulterie, by Nathan sent from God [Page 197] his conscience being awakened, in this penitentiall Psalm, he cries out for pardon and grace, in his wofull condition under the intollerable torment of his sin, which God he acknowledgeth hath justly arraigned him for, and brought to light by his own confession forced from him, and justifies all those fearfull judgements denounced, which after befell him, of ravishment, rebellion, fratricide, and Incest, in his own house and family. And that Gods people may not stumble at his fall, he confesseth the seeds of all sin to be in him by nature, and that they may not sin in censuring, advertiseth them, notwithstanding, of his sincerity, is not out of hope, but falls to prayer for the righteousness of Christ, joy of the holy Ghost, Sanctification and Iu­stification; iterating his requests of these kinds, particularly prayes, that his bloud-guiltiness may be pardoned, and that bloud-shed threatned may be averted, shewing also why he fl [...]w not upon sacrifices, as others; because he kn [...]w it was faith and repentance that God valued more. And for fear his sins being so publick a person might also turn the indignation of God against his people and ordinances, he prayes the contrary, and that God would perfect his gracious purpose concerning the building of the Temple, foretelling by way of argument or motive, the acceptable service that then would be done him.

A Psalm directed to the present Quire for the or­dering of it, Psalm li. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the Pro­phet came unto him, after he had gone in to Bath-sheba. whereof David is both the Au­thour, and the Argument, publickly declaring his repentance, and godly sorrow for his adul­tery with Bath-sheba, and the murder of her husband Uriah, after that Nathan the Prophet had awakened his conscience with a message from God.

1 I dare not plead propriety in thee,HAve mercy up­on me, O God, ac [...]ording to thy loving kindness: according unto the multitude of thy ten­der mercies blo [...] out my transgressions. nor relation to thee, having deservedly forfeited both, by my many and hainous transgressions against thee, for which I deserve to have no mercy. But since thou hast spared me all this while that I have lain in sin, and hast not cut me off for my transgression, but graci­ously sent thy messenger to warn me of it, and awaken me out of this sleep of death. I am emboldened [Page 198] to make mine addresses to thee, O God, in humble con­fession, and supplication, and to beg pardon of thee for no other reason nor motives, but onely thine own free grace sake, which hath been always exceeding great towards me, and so I doubt not to find it still, so that though my sins be as it were impardonable for their number and nature, yet mercy and tender-heart­edness to a poor penitent wretch as I am, does every whit as much abound in thee; let me have the experi­ence as well as the knowledge of this, in the forgive­ness of these my sins, and blotting them out of the book of thy remembrance, though written in black and bloudy characters.

Wash me through­ly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.2 The filthiness that I have contracted, needs not onely legall but spirituall and evangelicall washings, the guilt that is upon my conscience, and the trouble of spirit that I am under is not easily removed, the bloud and water, the merit and spirit of the Messiah is it alone that applied by infinite grace can cure my ma­lady, and render me acceptable again in thy sight, vouchsafe it me therefore, and that in such a propor­tion for my justification and sanctification, as my guilt and pollution stands in need of.

For I acknow­ledge my transgressi­ons: and my sin is ever before me.3 For though I have a long time loved, and lived in this grievous sin, which the Prophet from thee hath admonished me of, without sense or sorrow, or once confessing or deprecating it, yet now the case is alter­ed, I hate it, and my self for it, and confess it in all its aggravations, and complicate iniquities as adultery, drunkenness, treachery, murder, rebellion against thee, and what ever can be justly laid to my charge, I own them, know I am guilty of them, and confess them all to my shame, both to thee, and in the face of all thy [Page 199] people. For so incessant, and extream are the horrors of my conscience, by reason of these fearfull crimes that evermore stare me in the face, that I must and will cry out against my self, and be incessant in con­fession, and supplication, untill I be reconciled, and mercy obtained.

4 The injury and wrong I have done to man in this my sin,Against thee, thee onely have I sinned, and done this evil in thy light: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, & be clear when thou judgest. my conscience hath dispensed with it, and ne­ver budged at it, I so ordered the matter that neither shame nor blame befell me all this while, though con­trary to my duty of justice and protection, I had my will on Bath-sheba and murdered Uriah, but so cun­ningly, that none knew it, nor mine own conscience never accused me of it, nay it hath much pleased me to think how cleanly I have com [...] off in this business, and made account I should still have done so, never considering that thou wast concerned in it, which now I find to my cost and unspeakable grief, so that though Uriah be dead, and so is not alive to accuse me, and Bath-sheba I have taken her to wife, and so she is re­conciled to me, and that my ranck exempts me from the ordinary proces at law, yet am not I acquit, but now thou, thou, O Lord, hast waged law against me in mine own conscience, made it thy tribunall, and as a thousand witnesses, so that I need no accusers, mine own confession shall serve the turn to condemn me, though I am quit at all other bars, and free from all other testimonies, yet do I hold up my hand at thine, confess the fact and cry guilty before thee, and against thee, who hath taken me to task and art both witness and judge, for thou hast seen all my base miscarriages from first to last, as now I plainly perceive, and there­fore however hitherto, I have concealed my sin, and [Page 200] none accused me, yet now do I publish this execrable and horrible fact before all Israel, and confess I have deserved all that thou hast denounced against me by thy Prophet for it, and that thou art just in those thy fearfull comminations touching me and mine house, which run parallell with mine offences, and so also shalt thou be, when they actually come to pass, and are executed, how formidable and strange so ever they may then appear unto beholders, and differing to those promises of grace and favour thou hast made to me, and my seed, which (notwithstanding my sin, and these thy just judgements) thou know­est how, and certainly wilt perform in grace, and faithfulness, though I have deservedly forfeited them.

Behold, I am sha­pen in iniquity: and in sin did my mother conceive me.5 And how ever it may seem strange that a man so extraordinarily blessed by thee & peculiarly favoured of thee, should fall so fouly, as I have done; for this, I would have all men know that stumble at it, that its no such marvell rightly considered, for wherein I differ from others, it is thy grace and not my good­ness that is the cause of it, for the self-same nature and disposition to sin, yea, to all and any sin, be it never so prodigious, is in me that is in the worst of men, as I have made it too evident, for I inherit and have growing in me that bitter root of originall pravity that successively is derived from Adam to all his posterity, which hath been fruitfull in me all my life long, the Lord be gracious to me, and pardon, and weaken it in me more and more.

Behold, thou de­sirest truth in the in­ward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.6 Were I no other than nature hath formed me, I should neither have acceptance nor favour from thee, but as bad as I am, and would have thy [Page 201] people know it to my humbling and their warning, yet withall I would have them know, that grace and sinfull nature is consistent together, so that though they do condemn me for sin, yet not of insincerity, the root of the matter may be and is in me, for all this: as thou art gracious to pass by many and great sins, and to own such a sinner for thy servant if thou seest an upright heart, and a sanctified disposition in him towards thee, so I would have them to be chari­table, and to pass (though a just) yet not a rash and finall sentence upon me; for thou both hast, and for all this, out of the abundant riches of thy grace wilt yet further instruct me in the way of life and salvation, to attain unto it, by faith in the righteousness of another, though I have none of mine own to trust in, or to boast of.

7 But what ever men think of me,Purge me with hysope, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. and how ever I stand in their good opinion, yet my hearts desire is to be received again into thy favour, which I know is possible, notwithstanding my e­state seems desperate. The bloud of Christ who shall be sacrificed for penitent believing sinners, and now is of virtue and use to such in his types, being by grace through faith sprinkled upon me, and his righteousness afresh imputed to me, which the Lord grant, is able to render me clean in thy sight, so all-sufficient and meritorious is the bloud of this thy Son and and my Saviour, that if thou wilt but wash me in it, for all the filthiness I have contracted, I shall in the sight of God by this supernaturall emundation, exceed the purity of any creature whatsoever in the eyes of man.

[Page 202] Make me to hear joy and gladness: that the bones which thou hast broken, may re­joyce.8 As thou hast sent me a sad message of thy heavy displeasure, and threatned me with sore judgements, and laid my sin terribly home to my conscience, which hath fetched confession and contrition from me; so now Lord, that thou hast humbled and broken my se­cure and impenitent heart, and cast me into such deep sorrows, vouchsafe to change the temper of my spirit; and by thine, speak a reviving effectuall word of grace and reconciliation to my soul, assure me of the par­don of my sin, and mine acceptance into favour, that I may therein rejoyce, notwithstanding the sad things that are like to befall mine outward man, and that justly.

Hide thy face from my [...]; and blot out all mine iniquities.9 And that thou maiest do this, Lord interpose the righteousness of Christ betwixt thine eyes and my sins, look at that and not at them; Let no one of all my many transgressions remain upon my score unpar­doned, for the bloud of Christ is as well able to do away all as any, and till then I shall never be at quiet.

Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spi­rit within me.10 Nor do I desire as hypocrits and unsincere professors do, thy pardoning without thy purging grace, it is thy justifying grace indeed that I earnestly sue for, but not without thy sanctifying. My course of sinning hath quite put my soul out of frame, I am as if I never had been regenerated, corruption hath so broken in upon all my faculties, and born down all my graces, that it hath and doth, and is like still to bear sway, and grace never to get the better again, if thy power do not interpose. O therefore, good Lord, begin the work of sanctification again in me, kindle again those sparks of grace▪ that he almost quite smo­thered, breathe the breath of life into them, that sin and corruption may take its turn to die; above all, [Page 203] free me from the bondage of lustfull concupiscencce, that hath been so predominant, and hath precipitated me into so many hideous sins subservient to it, give me a spirit of holiness for time to come, specially a pure spirit, and such an one as may be firm for God, and not drawn aside as mine hath been, but able to resist tem­ptations.

11 My sins (as I well deserve they should) have separated betwixt me and my God,Cast me not a­way from thy pr [...] ­sence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. the sense of thy love and favour that I was wont to feel in the actings of my faith and other graces is now extinct, and I am as a banished man from thy presence, without com­munion and fellowship, but, Lord, have compassion upon this my disconsolate condition, smile out upon my spirit in the renewed sense of thy loving-kindness, and be not for ever strange to me, nor take not quite away the spirit of grace and adoption from me, but in mercy restore me to mine interest in thee, and relation to thee, and to those active graces that accompany these.

12 Grant me that which I cannot live without,Restore unto me the joy of thy sal­vation: and uphold me with thy free spirit. though I have deservedly lost it by my sins, yet return it to me graciously, to wit, the comfortable assurance of my salvation by thy grace, that my heart may once more tast of those joyes and sweet apprehensions which formerly shoon bright in my soul, but now are miserably eclipsed, and let me not sink deeper and deeper into sin and sorrow, but by thy spirit of adopti­on and liberty, which can onely rescue me from the power and bondage of sin, and make me to run the wayes of thy commandments, underprop my decay­ing comforts and graces.

13 If thou wilt thus befriend me,Then will I teach transgressors thy ways, and sinners shall be converted unto thee. it shall not onely [Page 204] engage me personally to thee, but I will so declare thy grace out of mine own experience, in zeal to the glo­ry of it, that who ever are burdened with the heavy pressure of their sins as I am, I will instruct them what way they shall take to come out of that bondage, to be thy freemen and servants, and will incourage them in it by mine own success, when I am converted, I will strengthen my brethren, and doubt not but thy grace to me, and restauration of me into favour, will be a means to convert and save many a sinner besides my self, that weighs with himself, and finds upon divine record, what mountainous sins of mine thy mercy hath removed out of the way.

Deliver me from bloud-guiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing a­loud of thy righteous [...]14 The sins I confess are exceeding capitall which I have committed, specially that of murdering Uriah, and the rest that died with him by that design of mine, for which I deserve capitall punishment, even bloud for bloud, but in thine infinite mercy pardon this grievous guilt, and bring not the guilt of the bloud of others yet further upon me also, which thou hast threatned shall be shed in punishment of that which I have shed already. In this, O God, thou God that hast promised salvation to thy servant (in which I cannot chuse but hope) hear me, revoke thy sentence, and reverse this judgement, for thy mercy sake; so will I lift up my voice with joy and thankfulness, and in songs of praise will extoll thy righteousness, thou art as well faithfull to pardon, and shew mercy, as just to punish.

O Lord, open thou my lips, and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.15 O that thou that art the Sovereign Lord of heaven and earth, to whom both liberty of pardon, and power of punishment doth belong, wouldst hear me in this, and give me thereby occasion, and withall [Page 205] renew my power as thy pen-man and Prophet, to ce­lebrate thy praise, and publish the worth of such a mercy in Psalms and songs.

16 For to promise thee legall sacrifices of Bulls and Goats &c. Especially to expiate such sins as these are,For thou desi­rest not sacrifice, else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt-offering. were but vain, it is not that will give thee con­tent, else would I give thee store of them, and think my pardon a cheap purchase, but in this case it is neither one kind of such sacrifices, nor other that will please thee, or profit me.

17 That sacrifice which is in stead of all other,The sacrifices of God are a broken spi­rit: a broken and con­trite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise. is, when a poor sinner is grieved at the very soul for his sin against so good a God, and so himself becomes a morall and spirituall sacrifice burnt and torn in the spirit of his mind, with the anguish he conceives for his disobedience and ingratitude, he that with a false-con­demning, self-crucifying, and sin-mortifying heart, humbly and yet believingly makes out for mercy and pardon in the bloud of Christ; this, this is the man, and thats the sacrifice that God expects, accepts, and makes great account of.

18 Lord however thou beest pleased to do by me,Do good in thy good pleasure unto Sion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. yet bring not evil upon thy people, nor upon thy wor­ship or the place thereof for my sins sake, who have cause to fear the destruction of all by my means: but for thine own sake, thy Christ and covenant sake, still take pleasure in thy people and ordinances, though thou hast none in me, to continue gracious and bene­volent to them, and let not Jerusalem fare the worse for my transgressions committed in her, but go on still to preserve her and perfect her beauty according to thy designment, and gracious ingagement touching her, the emblem of thy Church.

[Page 206] Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteous­ness, with burnt-offer­ing and whole burnt-offering: then shall they offer Bullocks up­on thine altar.19 And then when thou hast compleated all thine Evangelicall ordinances, graces, and priviledges, in their types, in that glorious structure of the Temple, and the ceremonies exercised therein, then shall the sacrifices be offered to thee with more understanding, and clear discerning of their Gospel-sense and mean­ing, when the Church is triumphant, which now un­der me is militant, and then shall sacrifices so offered in the representation, and faithfull application of Christ crucified for sin, and accompanied with a suit­able spirit of repentance and godly sorrow be right acceptable to thee; sacrifices of every kind thus of­fered, as then they shall be, O how will they please thee: That shall be a time of wonderfull praise, and plenty of peace-offerings shall be offered with right glad hearts upon thine altar. O let this time come, and let it receive no interruption by mine unwor­thiness.

The lii. PSALM.

David in this Psalm, in the person of Do [...]g shews the si [...]full vanity, of trusting in any thing but God, specially in wicked and unlawfull practises against the godly, seem they never so promising, assuring all such that it will be their utter undoing at last, and the righteous against whom they plot shall out-live them and their designs, to their corroborating in faith, and contempt of such vain men and their vain confidences. He fore-shews that thus it shall be betwixt himself and Doeg, he by his faith shall be established in a happy condition to the praise of God, when Doeg shall be ejected out of Israel.

Psalm li. To the chief musician Maschil, A Psalm of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Abimelech. To the President of the Quire is this Psalm commit­ted, instructing unto confidence in God for his Church and peoples felicity, and their enemies [Page 207] ruine, notwithstanding any seeming contrariety at present; made by David upon Doeg, that coun­terfeit convert, his informing Saul of Abimelechs entertaining David at Nob when he fled from him, and thereby occasioning the destruction of him, and the rest of the Preists there.

1 O Thou wretched foolish Doeg,WHy boastest thou thy self in mis­chief, O mighty man? the goodness of God endureth continually. that hypocri­tically professest the true worship of the God of Israel, and as by nature, so in heart art still an Edo­mite and persecutor of his Church and people, why art thou so glad of an opportunity to advance thy self in the Kings favour by indirect and sinfull ways in be­traying the innocent? and abuse thine interest and power at court to the endeavouring my ruine, which yet thou shalt never be able to compass, though thou hast been a means to cut off my speciall freinds and Gods faithfull servants, by thy base and treacherous flattery, yet shalt thou never be able to do the like by me, nor the Church of God concerned in me, or to prevent what God hath promised and designed in that behalf, but both Saul and thou shalt be disappointed in all your attempts and devices by the goodness, power, and wisdom of God, which shall all work for me, and preserve me maugre all you can do to the contrary.

2 How mischievous hast thou been in thy trea­cherous discoveries of my being with Abimelech and his relieving me,Thy tongue de­viseth mischiefs: like a sharp rasour, working deceitfully. to the exposing him to the rage of Saul, who by that thine information hath wholly cut off both him and the rest of the Preists, as if they and I had conspired against him, whereas they were utterly ignorant so much as of my very flight [Page 208] from him at that time, and meant no hurt at all to Saul in that they did for me, but as I, so they were faithfull and loyall to him, doing that they did in re­ference to his service, which indeed I then pretended to be imploid in.

Thou lovest evil more than good: and lying rather than to speak righteousness. Selah.3 This act of thine shews thee what thou art in thy heart, an hypocriticall professor, that carest not what mischief thou doest, nor by what indirect means, to the innocent and faithfull servants of God, betraying them to the malice and rage of Saul (from whom thou shouldest rather have endeavoured to preserve them) and that at such a time, as thou couldst not have cho­sen a worse to tell this in, even then (when it made anger against me, he was railing upon, and condem­ning all men for my sake as conspirators with me) didst thou chuse to make this known, thereby falsly to insinuate Abimelech and those Preists to be of the combination, which was utterly false.

Thou lovest all devouring words; O thou deceitful tongue.4 Thou mightest well think what would come of such an information at such a time, but it seems thou didst it purposely with a desire to endear thy self by doing mischief, and being the instrument of Sauls crueltie. O thou treacherous parasite.

God shal likewise destroy thee for ever, he shall take thee a­way and pluck thee out of thy dwelling-place, and root thee out of the land of the living. Selah.5 But as thou hast been the death of the Preists of Nob, even fourscore and five innocent persons, and hast extirpated the family of Abimelech, so shall God do by thee and thine, he shall utterly destroy both thee and all that belongs unto thee, null thy hopes of preferment, and ruine thy substance, and cast thee out of the land of Israel, where there shall not so much as one remain of thy family, where indeed thou wast never rightly planted, hypocritically counter­feiting thy self a proselyte, for the place and pre­ferment [Page 209] sake thou hadst in Sauls Court. And so bet it.

6 The righteous people of God whom thou so much hatest,The righteous al­so shall see and fear, and shall laugh at him. and hast been the destruction of not a few of them, for all that, their survivors shall live to see as much by thee, according to my prediction, and shall give glorie to God in reverence of his righ­teous justice upon such enemies, and faithfulness to his Church and people, and in heart shall laugh at the folly of unbelievers and hypocrites for thy sake, and personally at thee.

7 Whom God shall especially make remarkable,Lo, this is the man that made not God his strength: but trusted in the abun­dance of his riches, and strengthened him­self in his wickedness. in the execution of his just judgements upon thee, whereby the Godly shall be confirmed in their faith and dependance upon God, when they see what thy courses come to, in trusting and relying upon thy power at Court, the wealth thou hast gotten, and thine own wicked devises, to amplifie and establish these, and not upon God.

8 Thou shalt wither,But I am like a green olive-tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercie of God for ever and ever. when I (and such as trust in God) shall for all thine and Sauls malice to me, and the present calamities that lie upon me, being dri­ven from the tabernacle and service of God, be re­turned thither again in a flourishing condition of honour and felicitie; and this I believe as confident­ly as if I were there already; for as I know thy present prosperitie shall have a certain end, so shall this mine unhappiness, which shall not dismay me for expecting better, through the mercie of God wherein I trust, which in his own good time shall implant me in a perpetuated good condition, like as his justice shall weed thee up by the roots ne­ver to grow again.

[Page 210] I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it: and I will wait on thy name.9 Though I am now far from such a State, yet will I give even present, aswell as future thanks and praise unto thee for it, (O God, of my hope) as if I were possessed of it already, because it is as sure to me as the destruction of Doeg is to him, both which shall certainly come to pass to thine everlasting praise, and for which I will live in humble expectancie, de­pending upon thy grace and faithfulness, till they be accomplished, which are precious things with thy people, the very solace and support of their souls, how ever neglected by hypocrites and unbelievers, who trust in riches and honour, whilst that thy saints believe in thee, because of them.

The liii. PSALM.

David speaking in the wisdom of the holy Ghost, befools the wisdom of all flesh, which in all men naturally out of an enmitie and misunderstanding of God, leads only unto sin, and professedly hates those few in the world whom God hath renewed, instead of seeking to become such themselves. But he shews, that they both have and shall certainly smart for that sin of contempt and hatred of God and his Church, and praies, that God would presently by him give tranquillity to his people,Psalm liii. To the chief musician upon Mahalath, Ma­schil, A Psalm of Da­vid. as Christ shall to his Church.

To him that is most skilful upon the wind instrument Mahalath, is this Psalm of Davids making com­mitted, instructing what man is by nature, what Gods people must find from such, and how God will take their parts against them.

THe fool hath said in his heart, there is no God; corrupt are they, and have done abominable iniquitie: there is none that doth good.1 MAn by his fall hath lost, and naturally is void of the right understanding of God, belie­ving nothing so of him as he is, and so makes him as if he were not. And out of this depraved ignorance, all natural men live in sin, and from the beginning have multiplied abominations; not one, either is, or ever was, that by nature without special and supernatural grace ever knew or served the Lord aright.

[Page 211]2 The Lord made a long trial of it,God looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there were any that did understand, that did seek God. in the first age of the world, in that time of nature between Adam and the Law, purposely to see what nature of it self would bring forth, whether there were any that could and would improve it to the knowledge, belief, and wor­ship of God, his love and service, as a glass for af­ter-ages to see themselves in.

3 But he found by long trial and experience,Every one of them is gone back, they are altogether become fil­thie; there is none that doth good, no not one. not­withstanding his documents and judgements upon the old world, and so he finds still, that all men are naturally fools, void of true understanding, carnal­ly-minded, and generally without exception, of pol­luted hearts and lives, lothsome in his sight; that none in nature does that which is right or acceptable, no, not a man of all mankind, every imagination of the thoughts of whose heart is onely evil continually.

4 Insomuch as God himself admired to see all men by nature void of knowledge,Have the workers of iniquitie no know­ledge? who eat up my people, as they eat bread, they have not called upon God. and given over to sin, yea, even to the hatred and devouring those few in the world that are the people of God, and have obtained mercie, and (differing from them) walk in wayes of holiness and righteousness, never taking thought to do, or to be, like them, neither themselves by nature worshipping God, nor yet seeking to God for the grace and inablement that they had, but con­temned it, and hated them.

5 Which at last brought fearful and unexpected desolation upon them,There were they in great fear, where no fear was; for God hath scat [...]ered the bones of him that en­campeth against thee, thou shalt put them to flame, because God hath despised them. when the floud came and swept them all away in the midst of their jollitie. Like measure shall the wicked contemners, and ha­ters of God and his worshippers have in after-ages, God will certainly take part with his Church, though never so few, against her persecutors and de­spisers [Page 212] though never so many, to save it, and ruin them: As then he did, so shall he in his fierce wrath destroy even the whole world of wicked wretches that know not God, and persecute his Church, she shall worst them, as contemptible as she seems, because themselves are as hateful and detestable to God, as she is to them, who is and ever will be an enemy to his Churches enemies, to blast, befool, and utterly de­stroy them.

O that the salva­tion of Israel were come out of Sion! when God bringeth back the capti [...]itie of his people, Jacob shall rejoyce, and Israel shall be glad.6 O that the time were come, which I am sure will come and is not long to, that God will be mine enemies ruin, settle my Kingdom in Sion, as a type of Christs in heaven, and then and there by me send deliverance and happiness to his people Israel, as he will thence salvation to his Church by him. When God shall thus have delivered them from their ene­mies and out of their present troubles (as formerly he did out of their captivities) into peace and tranquil­litie, as his Church by Christ shall be from wrath and hell, how shall the faithful and true Israel of God, who properly are the seed of his servant Jacob, re­joyce proportionably now in the type as then in the antitype?

The liiii. PSALM.

David taketh occasion to ingage God the more to him, by how much the more his enemies and dangers increased upon him, by secret treacheries, and open violences, and found God as he hoped, his deliverer, whereupon he goes a pin higher, and strengthens his faith in his ultimate deliverance, and establishment promised; at which time, when it shall come to pass, he pro­mises not to be a little thankful to God.

The liiii. Psalm. To the chief musician on Neginoth, Maschil, A Psalm of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us? To him that is most skilfull upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth, is this Psalm committed, of Da­vids [Page 213] making, upon that occasion when the Ziphims came once and again to inform Saul where David had retired himself with his men, for him to perse­cute him. Instructing us to draw near to God, as dangers draw nearer to us.

1 LOrd remember thy gracious ingagements for my preservation,SAve me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength. and future establishment, ac­cordingly in thy grace and faithfulness deliver me out of mine extream difficulties, when all humane help fails, then for thy righteousness sake who knowest mine innocencie, and mine enemies treacherie, let thy mira­culous and omnipotent power appear for me.

2 Lord be mindful of me that flie to thee for suc­cour;Hear my prayer, O God; give ear to the words of my mouth. and make thee my refuge, hear my prayer in this my necessitie, and grant me the deliverance I so ear­nestly make suite for.

3 For besides the King and his courtiers,For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressours seek after my soul, they have not set God be­fore them. Selah. and his ordinarie souldierie, men, that never saw my face, meer­ly, because I come to safeguard my self amongst them, without any harm to any of them. The Ziphims, are also conspired against me, and have betrayed me to Saul and his complices, my deadly enemies, who are upon their march against me to catch or kill me; These Ziphims, as they are strangers to me, so they are to God and his wayes, else they durst never have sought to betray innocent bloud in this sort. The Lord re­member them for it.

4 But though enemies increase and dangers multi­ply, Behold, God is my helper: the Lord is with them that up­hold my Soul. yet by experience I find that God is able to deli­ver me, and doth do so, as my late wonderful escapes have made to appear, and though I have many against me that seek my life, and but few with me or for me, yet [Page 214] they that are on my side, he is on theirs, and preserves them for my sake.

He shall reward evil unto mine ene­mies; cut them off in thy truth.5 The Lord shall be meet with these unjust enemies of mine, and reward them according to their treacher­ous dealing, and cruel persecution, in thine own time and way, O Lord, ease me of them, by destroying them that would destroy me without cause, according to thy faithful promises and righteous judgements.

I will freely sa­crifice unto thee; I will praise thy name, (O Lord) for it is good.6 If so, when that time comes, whereas now I am ex­ercised in fear & dependence, then will I be as conver­sant in faithful thanks-givings, when thou shalt set me free, I will praise thee with an inlarged heart, and offer free-will-offerings & peace-offerings to thee in a plen­tiful and gratuitous manner, magnifying thy grace and faithfulness, which I have found made good unto me.

For he hath de­livered me out of all trouble: and mine eye hath seen his desire upon mine enemies.7 For so it shall come to pass, I am as sure of it as if it were already, my faith carries me to it, beyond and above all intervening difficulties, so that I (me thinks) already enjoy my quietus est, and see my bloud-thirsty enemies laid low enough for doing me any more harm.

The lv. PSALM.

David being greatly oppressed by Saul, and in some imminent danger (proba­bly that of Keilah) plyes God hard by argument in prayer, wishing himself any where out of Sauls reach, and that God would by some exemplarie judgement both punish and disappoint his enemies, declaiming against the base perfidiousness of some old acquaintance and intimates of his, wishing such wicked dissemblers to God and man might perish remarkably, but for all their crast and hypocrisie towards him doubts not but God will stand by him, as he hath done, and both preserve him and punish them. He sets forth Sauls perfidious hatred against him, but strengthens his faith in God, who he is assured will put a speedy end to his cruelty, and his own miserie.

Psalm lv. To the chief musician on Neginoth, Maschil, A Psalm of David. To him that is most skilful upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth, to which this Psalm of instruction [Page 215] to trust in God for deliverance in greatest troubles, is chiefly set, do I David that made it recommend it, for the care and ordering of it in the Quire.

1 O God,GIve ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thy self from my sup­plication. mine extremitie is thine opportunitie, as is my danger, such is my prayer, the one pre­sent, the other pressing. In thy faithfulness hear me making my piteous moan in this my miserie for grace and mercie to be shewn me, and thy power to appear for me in this my necessitie.

2 Be not careless of my condition,Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise. but weigh well what I say and pray, being so nearly concerned, and grant what I ask: for as my grief, such is my sorrow, both of them very great, forcing me bitterly to com­plain to thee of mine enemies, and to lament my self with woful bewailing, which for all my strivings I cannot smother, but they do break out from me.

3 Because of the calumnies and threats of Saul and his complices against me,Because of the voice of the enemie, because of the oppres­sion of the wicked: for they cast iniquitie upon me, and in wrath they hate me. and their cruel and un­just persecution of me, for they lay treason and con­spiracie to my charge, which I was never guiltie of, and for this their false accusation they, (as if it were true) bear a deadly hatred to me, and with furie and revenge seek to take away my life.

4 Their rage and crueltie is such,My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrours of death are fallen upon me. as I am in such continual danger by it, that I sustain wonderful trou­ble of mind, and am almost sunk into despair of esca­ping their hands, who at this instant do put my life in peril, if thou deliver not.

5 I cannot express the miserie that I am in,Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and hor­rour hath over-whelmed me. and the anguish of mind I lie under at present, my dan­gers are so imminent, and my trouble so insupport­able.

[Page 216] And I said, O that I had wings like a dove; for then would I flie aw [...]y, and be at rest.6 Insomuch that I could wish my self any where far enough off, to avoid Sauls causless suspition of me, where ever I might enjoy my peace and free­dom from this continual fear I am in of him.

Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilder­derness. Selah.7 Had I but means he should soon see I would quit his Kingdom, where I am such an eye-sore to him, and live in the most solitarie place in all the world, rather than to be thus in continual trouble and hazard. I would to God it were so.

I would hasten my escape from the windy storm, and tem­pest.8 He should soon be rid of me, if I could tell how to get from him, before I would lead this life to undergo this continual storm and tempest of such uncessant vexations within and without, I would thrust my ship into any creek in the whole world, go as far from him, as my legs, nay wings could carrie me, if I had them.

Destroy, O Lord, and divide their rongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the Citie.9 Thou hast, O Lord, heretofore admirably ma­nifested thy power, in a marveilous manner destroy­ing those that opposed, and mutined against thy servants, witness Korah and his complices; and a­gainst thee, witness the confusion of Babel: Truly now art thou also affronted, and I thy servant en­dangered as Moses was then by a sort of people (the Lord divert and frustrate their malice by destroying them, and scattering and dividing them and their counsels) that are set at libertie by their own de­boisherie, and their ring-leaders authoritie, to pra­ctise all manner of wickedness against thy Church and me, without any restraint or punishment, as if there were no Law nor Government in Israel, neither in­deed is there, nothing is practised now adaies but how to wrong and oppress the innocent every where.

[Page 217]10 These are the things that all sorts of people,Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mi­schief also and sorrow are in the midst of it. all the Kingdom over watch and are solicitous to bring to pass, nothing but dissolutenes and wrong-doing in stead of good Laws and orders are practised under Saul, to the exceeding great sorrow and sufferings of the faithful in the land.

11 Not onely the out-skirts of the Kingdom that border upon heathens and infidels,Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guil depart not from her streets. but even the heart and principal parts of it are adulterated, and as wicked as the rest, and so are the principal men too that should know, and do better, they that should give good example stick not openly and professedly to plot and practise treacherie and collusion against me, un­der that very name and notion to make themselves great with Saul.

[...]2 Yea,For it was [...]ot an enemy that re­proched me, then I could have borne it; neither was it he that hated me, that did magnifie himself a­gainst me, then I would have hid my self from him. principally those that were mine inti­mates are now become mine accusers to Saul, and of all others profess most hatred to me, and speak the foulest against me, which I confess is a great trouble and temptation to me, to see my self deserted of such: as for others that allwayes maligned me, I should not have mattered it from them, had they onely that had allwayes born me ill will, to raise themselves in the Kings favour, vapoured against me and tempted my ruin, I should not have been ex­posed to such dangers by it as now I am by mine own credulitie, and my dissembling adherents, but would have shifted for my safetie in another manner.

13 But I am betrayed by such as I durst have put my life into their hands,But it was thou, a man, mine equal, my guid, and mine ac­quaintance. one that seemed to draw the same breath with me hath opened his mouth against me, one that formerly I set by as if he had been my [Page 218] brother, whom I allways took for my bosom friend, and relied much on him in all matters of concern­ment, as such an one.

We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in com­pany.14 Communicating mine affairs to him, and he his to me, with mutual and friendly advisements thereupon, and have many a time conferred toge­ther (I thinking him sincere both to God and me) in matters divine as well as humane, and joyntly fre­quented the publick worship of God, as fellow-heirs of heaven, never imagining then, that ever he would have turned persecutor of Gods Church and people.

Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wicked­ness is in their dwel­lings, and among them.15 O that God would now execute just and ex­emplarie vengeance upon such hypocrites, as he hath done formerly in like case upon Korah and his com­panie, for the terrour of others, and way-making for his peoples and Churches peace, who conspire toge­ther by fraud or violence to do all the mischief they can against them.

As for me, I will call upon God; and the Lord shall save me.16 But how ever I am thus forsaken and betrayed, yet I have one sure friend, God, in whom I have and still do trust and firmly believe. I will stick to him, though none but he stick to me, and in the faith of his faithfulness and friendship will in all times of danger make mine addresses to him by prayer, and doubt not of preservation and deliverance maugre all the malice of mine open enemies and treacherous friends.

Evening & mor­ning, and at noon will I pray, and crie aloud: and he shall hear my voice.17 I will not cease to worship him still, though mine old companions fellow-worshippers have for­saken both me and it, I will dayly and duly frequent him as heretofore, and my prayers and cries shall be answerable to my griefs, they shall put an edge upon [Page 219] them, and make me both incessant and importu­nate with God, who I am sure will not turn the deaf ear towards me, but I shall find he hears effe­ctually.

18 He hath done so heretofore,He hath deli­vered my Soul in peace from the battel that was against me; for there were many with me. when I have been in exceeding great straits, the Lord hath set my soul free from the fear and trouble it was in, defeat­ing mine enemies, and given me the victorie over them, when by outward appearance I was very unlikely to obtain it, but that God from hea­ven fought for me, and was in stead of legions to me.

19 And as God hath been,God shall hear and afflict them, even he that abideth of old, Selah: because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God. and done, for me upon my prayers, so will he do still, hear and de­liver me from mine enemies, and put them to the worst continually, they shall find him no change­ling, but ever the same towards me and against them. So be it, O Lord, delay not to bring them under the wheel that they may tast of adversitie as I have done; for their temporal felicitie, and the unalterableness of it, notwithstanding their sinfull courses, for which they receive no punishment either by humane Law or divine hand, maketh them boldly persist, not fearing thy justice, the smart whereof they never yet felt.

20 That implacable enemie of mine,He hath put forth his hands a­gainst such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his cove­nant. Saul, how doth he still persist to war upon me? though he hath been more than once convinced of mine innocen­cie and loyaltie towards him, not sticking to break all bonds humane and divine, yea, though never so sacred, to effect his malicious designs against me.

21 Many a time,The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oyl, yet were they drawn swords. when I have given good proof [Page 220] of mine integritie towards him by sparing his life when he was in my power, how hath he then bespoke me with specious shews of love and friendship, com­mending me, and condemning himself, when yet he meant me nothing but mischief, as appeared in the event, for so soon as ever he thought to take me at advantage, he, notwithstanding what he had said, at­tempted my destruction that saved his life.

Cast thy burden upon the Lord, and he will sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.22 But God hath still delivered me both from his open violence, and secret machinations, and so will still, both me and all others that humbly and faith­fully repose themselves and cast their care upon him, he will succour and sustain them, such as keep a good conscience and walk uprightly, God will take their parts, and disappoint the purposes of wicked men a­gainst them, and not subject them to their power and malice.

But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloudie and deceitful men, shall not live out half their dayes, but I will trust in thee.23 But as thou wilt be just to protect thine, and de­liver them, so to punish their oppressours, who, be­cause they seek to destroy the righteous, shall them­selves be destroyed, even with everlasting destruction, from which there shall be no deliverance, cruel bloud-thirsty and treacherous minded men may for a time oppress the innocent, but they shall find, that God can preserve them, when as they themselves shall come to an untimely end; such, and at such a time, as they ne­ver dreamed of. So that let Saul and the rest of mine enemies hold on their course, though at present they lead me a miserable life, and they themselves have the world at will, yet shall it not abate of my confidence, but that they shall come to a speedy and miserable end, and I shall enjoy the fruit of mine innocencie and thy faithfulness.

The lvi. PSALM.

David being extreamly persecuted by Saul and his complices, and driven to fly out of Israel, amongst the Philistines his deadly enemies, praies God to stand his friend, promises to trust in him worst come that can come, hoping his enemies shall not always escape punishment, nor he always be op­pressed; magnifieth God for his great deliverance out of Gath, and con­cludes thence Gods future protection of him. Psalm lvi. To the chief musician, upon Jonath-elem-re­chokim, Michtam of David, when the Phi­listines took him in Gath.

To him that is most skilful upon the instrument Jo­nath-elem-rechokim, signifying the dumb dove in a far Countrey, (a denomination significant and proper to Davids behaviour and condition at Gath of the Philistines, where he was in imminent danger: and a remarkable deliverance, 1 Sam. 21.10, &c. by counterfeiting himself mad and speechless, which is the occasion and subject matter of) this Psalm, being chiefly set to it, and committed to him, by David that made it, to be sung to the special tune of Michtam, played on that instrument.

1 O Lord God be thou my helper,BE merciful un­to me, O God, for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppres­seth me. and vouch­safe me mercie, or else I am in a miserable condition, and sure to be undone; for I have no friends nor can find no favour on earth, but on all hands am beset, readie to be devoured and praid up­on by cruel-minded men, I am forced to flie to my very enemies for refuge, and to use my wits to get from them as soon as I am come to them, being dri­ven into those inextricable straits by Saul and his complices my bloudy enemies, who will let me rest no where seeking my life, and with open war and pro­fessed enmitie persecuting me continually.

[Page 222] Mine enemies would daily swallow me up: for they be many that fight a­gainst me. O thou most High.2 So bitterly enraged are mine enemies against me, that they think every day a year, till they have de­stroyed me, greedily affecting it; and they are a nu­merous company of them, all set by might and main to mischief me, that am a poor innocent lonely man, thus pursued and persecuted by Saul, and his men of war. But my confidence and hope is in thee, that art of power and might above them, to whom onely I make my moan.

What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee.3 And in assurance of thy power and good will to help me, whensoever I am in extream danger, and in never such fear and perplexitie of mind, by reason thereof, yet such hath been my experience of thee at all times, as that when I can flie no whither, nor be safe no where, I will yet then flie to thee by faith and hope.

4 And my confidence is, that I shall allwayes find that word and promise of thine which thou hast made concerning me,In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust, I will not fear what flesh can do un­to me. to be faithfully performed by thee, thy grace and power shall answerably appear for me, and that I shall never have other cause but to praise thee for thy truth, and to thank thee for thy goodness, notwithstanding all my dangers, and therefore as I have hitherto be­lieved on thee, so I will still, and whilest I have thee (that art God) on my side, and they be but men that are mine enemies, I will never so fear them, nor the harm they can do me, as not to trust and hope in thee for preservation and deliverance from them.

5 What I say or do be it never so well meant, and be I never so innocent, I am sure to be belied and per­verted by them,Every day they wrest my words: all their thoughts are a­gainst me for evil. as if I plotted and practised nothing but treason, when as I do, nor think nothing less, and [Page 223] as they falsly surmise, so they wickedly conspire, and complot my ruin.

6 They both secretly advise,They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps when they wait for my soul. and openly associate themselves together against me, a single friendless man, they have stratagems and designs against me, which they carrie covertly, least I should discover and avoid them, as by thy goodness to me I have strangely done hitherto, and they have spies upon me to pick all advantages against me, that they may have whereof to accuse me, and a fit opportunitie to cut me off, and murder me, which notwithstanding they could never yet compass.

7 Lord,Shall they escape by iniquitie? in thine anger cast down the people, O God. how long shall these wicked wretches pra­ctise iniquitie, and not be punished, nay, prosper in such courses, O God, manifest at last in thine own good time thy just displeasure upon such vile reprobate peo­ple as these are, by bringing them and their wicked devices to nought.

8 How ever I am hated by mine enemies,Thou tellest my wandrings, put thou my tears into thy bot­tle: are they not in thy book? and per­secuted from place to place, yet am I regarded and preserved by thee, that hast pitie on mine unquiet condition, and by thy special providence, and secret guidance goest along with me to protect me. Let my manifold tears which I shed in my manifold miseries, when no eyes sees me but thine, be heedfully taken no­tice of by thee, to remember me according to them, yea, Lord, I know, and find they are so.

9 Though my peril be imminent and seemingly ina­voidable,When I crie unto thee, then shall mine enemies turn back: this I know, for God is for me. yet I have found, and doubt not still to find it so, that if I put up a faithful and fervent prayer unto thee, thou wilt in instanti some way or other disappoint and defeat mine enemies, and shew me a way to escape them, this I know to be true by former experience, [Page 224] and shall find it so always; for thou, O Lord, art every whit as careful and vigilant over me to pre­serve me, as mine enemies are to destroy me.

In God will I praise his word, in the Lord will I praise his word.10, 11. See the fourth verse of this Psalm, which, specially the former part of it is here repeated to shew the strength of Davids faith,In God will I put my trust: I will not be afraid what man can do unto me. in the truth of God, and his promises, and that it rather increaseth than dimi­nisheth by his dangers.

Thy vows are upon me, O God: I will render praises unto thee.12 Such and so great have been my deliverances, that they have drawn solemn vows from me, of solemn praise and thanks to be given thee in most exact man­ner of performance, according to thy Law in such ca­ses, which though at present I cannot perform in the ceremonies and formalities thereof, being banished from the place of thy worship, yet I hope and pro­mise to bear them in mind till the time that thou shalt restore and inable me so to do; and in the mean time mine heart and lips shall not be wanting to give thee praise in spirit and truth.

For thou hast delivered my soul from death: wilt not thou deliver [...] my feet from falling, that I may walk before God in the light of the li­ving?13 For though thou hast vouchsafed me many a deliverance, from many a danger, yet none was ever more imminent, nor thy goodness and power more conspicuous than in this at Gath, where I was disco­vered and my life endangered very near; and shall not I gather from this, (surely I will and do,) that thou wilt never let me be a prey to mine enemies, nor wor­ship any other God but thee? which I was in danger to have done amongst the Philistines, hadst not thou speedily brought me thence, but wilt still preserve my life, and give me to enjoy the happiness of ser­viving thee, the onely true and living God, amongst thine own people, who onely of all the world, that every where lies in darkness and in the shadow of [Page 225] death, have the light and knowledge to worship thee aright.

The lvii. PSALM.

David being driven into a narrow compass, and being in great straits by his enemy Saul and his complices surrounding him in the cave, flies by prayer and faith to God, and promises himself deliverance by miracle rather than not at all. He sets forth the cruell and proud nature of his enemies, to pro­voke God thereby against them. And finds all he said to be true concerning Gods faithfulness to deliver him, which was done in so marvellous a man­ner, that it ravished his heart, and raised him above all fears and doubts for future, so that he promises nothing but faith in, and praise to God for time to come by reason of it.Psalm lvii. To the chief musician Altaschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.

To the President of the Quire in this Psalm, made by David, committed for his ordering it to be sung to the speciall tune of Michtam; The sum or substance whereof is comprised in this one word Al-taschith, signifying destroy not upon occasion of the imminent danger he and all his men were in, when they hid themselves in the cave of Engedi from Saul. 1 Sam. 24.

1 AS my danger is extraordinary,BE mercifull un­to me, O God, be mercifull un­to me, for my soul trusteth in thee: yea in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, untill these ca­lamities be overpast. so, Lord, let be thy mercy, I humbly pray thee, for to effect my deliverance out of it, for from my very heart do I depend upon thee, and stedfastly believe in thee for it; as the chicken refugeth it self under the wing of the Hen, till the Kite be flown over, so do I by faith take sanctuary in thee, thy truth and protection, untill all these storms be blown away, which for an appointed time I must undergo, and that thou land me safe out of all these miseries in an estate of rest.

2 Be my danger whatsoever it will,I will cry unto God most high: unto God that perform [...]th all things for me. I will make mine application to God in prayer and faith, because of his omnipotency over all men, and all things wherein I trust▪ for his power and faithfulness is, & will [Page 226] be the same to me it hath been, untill he hath fulfilled all his promises, and perfected his begun undertakings concerning me and his Church.

He shall send from heaven and save me, from the reproch of him that would swal­low me up; Selah. God shall send forth his mercy and his truth.3 Rather than I shall miscarry, and God fail of his faithfulness, I know I shall be delivered by mi­racle, from the rage of my bloudy enemies, who if they could gain their wills of me, would triumph and scornfully mock at my faith in God, and even at God himself too for my sake, I dare say they would. But God will never suffer it so to come to pass, but as oc­casion requires God shall still manifest his mercy and truth in my behalf.

My soul is among lions, and I lie even among them that are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.4 I am in a cave like a den, and mine enemies like lions round about me, raging mad to devour me. I am round beset with men of cruell exasperated minds, that burn with rage against me, men that are given over to wickedness, utterly without the fear of God, or common humanity, who deadly hate me, and irritate Saul against me, to destroy me, by all the damnable lies and slanders they can invent.

Be thou exalted, O God, above the hea­vens: let thy glory be above all the earth.5 Let it appear, O God, that thou that dwellest in heaven art above such earth-worms, as through me (the Type of the distressed Church on earth) do fight against thy self, and could they vanquish me, would trample upon thy great and glorious name, let the proudest of them be forced to stoop, and made to confess that thy power of preserving is above theirs of destroying.

They have pre­pared a net for my steps, my soul is bow­ed down: they have digged a pit before me, into the midst where­of they are fallen themselves. Selah.6 How have they encompassed me, as in a net? so that humanely I see no way of escape, but death is rea­dy to seize on me, as a hawk that is over his prey; they have hunted me narrowly, driven me under ground into this cave, where, in this my hazardous [Page 227] condition, having no other shift, I am forced to hide my self from them, ready to catch me, but yet in stead of finding me whom they seek, I have found them whom I sought not, even Saul himself is cast into mine hands in this mine hiding hole: O strange providence!

7 By this unlooked for deliverance not onely of me,My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed: I will sing and give praise. but of mine enemy into my power, in this my most desperate condition; I am so fully confirmed in my faith touching thy power and faithfulness, as I hope never to doubt again because of danger, but to live the rest of my life in such assurance and praise-full tempers, as if I were actually instated into the full possession of all that thou hast promised me, and I live in hope of.

8 I am so ravished with this providence,Awake up my glory, awake Psaltery and Harp: I my self will awake early. that I know not how to extoll it to give my self satisfaction, but I will lay out all the skill I have upon it, both in singing and playing, by voice and instrument, there shall be nothing wanting that I can do to set it forth.

9 Nor shall the praise and renown of this wondrous mercy,I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people: I will sing un­to thee among the na­tions. and Almighty providence be circumscribed within Jury or Canaan, the Gentils and Heathens shall also hear of it by my means, that in all places, and upon all occasions will extoll it, and thee for it.

10 For to those that fear thee,For thy mercy is great unto the hea­vens, and thy truth unto the clouds. and stedfastly trust in thee, thy mercy is unspeakably great, and so is thy faithfulness, comparatively they are as farre beyond the reach of our reason, as the heavens, and clouds there, are above the earth.

11 See the fifth verse of this Psalm,Be thou exalted, O God▪ above the hea­vens: let thy glory be above all the earth. which is here repeated in way of praise, that there was spoken in way of prayer.

The lviii. PSALM.

David being wrongfully persecuted, and indangered of his life, taxeth' his ene­mies of injustice and violence, and shews the reason, because of the naturall antipathy the wicked bear to the godly; and pray [...]s they may never have pow­er to execute their malice, but may come to nought they and their enterprises, which they shall certainly and suddenly do, to the joy of the righteous, and the glory of God and his justice.Psalm lviii. To the chief musician, Altaschith, [...] Michtam of David.

To the President of the Quire is this Psalm, made by David, committed for his ordering of it to be sung to the speciall tune of Michtam, the sum or sub­stance whereof is comprised in this one word Al­taschith, signifying destroy not.

DO ye indeed speak righte­ousness, O ge­neration? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men?1 YOu that pretend to do justice, and to give faithfull advice, and who by your places which you hold in the state, and about the King ought to do so, do you do it? Nay, do you not the quite contra­ry? When you are assembled together, is not your practise to advise how to intrap me an innocent per­son, and as men that favour not the things of the spirit, that have no fear of God or love of goodness? do you not unjustly condemn and accuse me of treasonable practises against Saul? When as its nothing so.

Yea, in heart you work wickedness, you weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.2 Yea, you study how one to exceed another in false suggestions and mischievous contrivements against me, you weigh and ponder this thing, and the tother thing with your selves, and cast about every way in your thoughts, which is likeliest to take effect, you role every stone, and use all the means in the world to mischieve me.

The wicked are estranged from the womb, they go astray, assoon as they be born, speaking lies.3 There is an innate Antipathy in wicked men, such as are mine enemies, to the servants and people of God, they manifest it almost as soon as they can [Page 229] either speak or act, they are trained up early in the way, and practise of their Parents, to believe and slan­der them that are better than themselves.

4 Their malice is as naturall and as destructive to the people of God,Their poison is like the poison of a serpent; they are like the deaf Adder that stoppeth her ear. if he suffer it to take effect, and ever was so from the beginning, as the poison of a serpent is to a man, whom he maliced even in para­dise. And they are every whit as unalterable from this their cursed indisposition, as an Adder is from his venemous nature, no truth can take place nor reason prevail with them to be other than they are to the godly, but are wilfully prejudiced, and resolve to con­tinue so, and to do them all the mischief they can.

5 Nothing can do good upon them,Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely. but as the Adder will not suffer himself to be charmed and hin­dred from doing hurt, but resists by stopping the Or­gan of hearing, that inchantment cannot operate upon him; so are they hardened against all right reason, good advice, threats and judgements, nothing can fasten upon them to make them better disposed to­wards God, and his faithfull servants.

6 And as the serpent hath not more poison in him,Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth; break out the great teeth of the young lions. O Lord. than mine enemies malice to me, so, nor have the Beast of prey more rage and fury in them in their hun­ger and anger, than these men have against me, not the fiercest sort of lions; therefore, O Lord, watch over me narrowly to disable their attempts, and disappoint their rage.

7 Lord,Let them melt a­way as waters, which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let them be as cut in peices. put a speedie end to them and their destru­ctive purposes, let them be as a teemed vessel, wasting by degrees, but yet speedily, till there be none left, let all their enterprises be fruitless and ineffectuall, as he that discharges a broken arrow which falls a [...] his feet.

[Page 230] As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away: like the untimely birth of a woman, that they may not see the sun.8 Let these wicked wretches that are good for no­thing, but to do hurt to them that are good, be like other unprofitable creatures, of no long continuance, yea, the sooner they come to nought, the better, for if they live but to be able, they have will enough to do all manner of mischief.

Before your pots can [...]eel the thornes, he shall take them a­way as with a whirl­wind.9 Yea, and so it shall be, for when they are as it were putting the match to the powder, ready to blow up the godly and innocent person; God shall yet pre­vent them, and by some suddain and remarkable judgement upon them swifter than thought, shall dis­appoint and disable them, when they least look for it, and in their own conceits are furthest from death and danger, shall the Lord in his fierce wrath suddainly snatch them hence.

The righteous shall rejoyce when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the bloud of the wicked.10 So that however they afflict the godly, so long as God gives them leave, yet, the time will certainly come, when the righteous shall see an end of their mi­series, and of their enemies too, to their no small re­joycing to see God so mindfull of them, and them­selves so much in favour with him, as to have the wicked destroied for their sakes, and to fall at their feet, who once hoped to tread upon their necks.

So that a man shall say, verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.11 So that any man that observes shall see, and cannot but acknowledge, that its good trusting in God, and walking obediently to his will, for such shall not lose their labour, nor their confidence, but God will recompence both in due time: and that how ever the good and godly are for a time under the wheel, and the wicked a top, and things seem quite out of order, yet, God that while is not idle in heaven, but takes notice of good men, and their sufferings, and of wicked men and their doings, to judge them accordingly.

The lix. PSALM.

David being beseidged in his own house prayes for deliverance, alledging his enemies cruelty, and his own innocency, and that they may not prosper in their wicked indeavours and contempt of God, which he assures himself; and strengthens his faith in God against his bloud-thirstie adversaries, whom he would not have quite cut off▪ but brought to disgrace and indigen­cy, to exemplifie his wrath and justice against such, both to his own people for their incouragement, and the heathen for their instruction, and that they may live to tast the bitter fruit of their own prodigious malice. Lastly, he rejoyces in God because of his present deliverance.

To the President of the Quire is this Psalm made by David, Psalm lix. To the chief musician Al-taschith, Michtam of David, when Saul sent, and they watched the house to kill him. committed for his ordering of it to be sung to the speciall tune of Michtam; the sum and sub­stance whereof is comprised in this one word Al-ta­schith, signifying destroy not, upon occasion of the danger David was in, when Saul sent messengers which beset Davids house, and watched it round about all night, to have killed him in the morning. 1 Sam. 19.

1 I must now as at all other times flie to thee for re­fuge,DEliver me from mine enemies, O my God; de­fend me from them that rise up against me. O God of my salvation, when I am in straits, as at present thou knowest me to be, out of which I pray thee to deliver me, which else is impos­sible; I am like to be assaulted so on every side, by men that have laid an ambuscado for me, and intend suddainly to surprize me, the Lord shew me a way to escape them.

2 I am thou knowest,Deliver me from the wr [...]kers of iniqui­ty, and save me from bloudy men. O Lord, thy servant, whom they go about to destroy, and they are wicked wretches, and bloudy-minded men, deliver me therefore from such, and let me not fall into their hands.

[Page 232] For lo, they lie in wait for my soul; the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Lord.3 For it is my life thou seest that they seek, Saul and his wicked Courtiers contrive and attempt my destruction, not that they have any just cause so to do, for I have never done any thing but what stood with loyalty, nor ever had a thought of other towards him: Lord thou knowst it,

They run & pre­pare themselves with­out my fault: awake to help me & behold.4 When Saul bids them go, how ready and dili­gent are they to be imploied against me, that never did any thing to deserve it either from him or them, be thou, O Lord, as watchfull to help me, as they to de­stroy me, and behold me specially in this my present danger to free me from it, whom thou knowest to be guiltless and innocent.

Thou therefore, O Lord God of hosts, the God of Israel, a­wake to visit all the heathen: be not mer­cifull to any wicked transgressours.5 Therefore, O Lord, that art of infinite power, and absolute command, and a faithfull God to thy faithfull servants, appear in the behalf of thine op­pressed people, and me more especially, and pour out thy just displeasure upon all those that have no know­ledge, nor fear of thee, but after an heathenish and ir­religious manner, are enemies to those that are thine Israel indeed, though themselves be Israelites; thou that art no respecter of persons, shew no favour to any such wicked wretches, nor be no more mercifull to them, than if they were Infidels and Pagans indeed, for their malice is as much against the godly, and their sins against thee as great if not greater. But exe­cute righteous judgement upon all unrighteous men, one as another.

They return at evening, they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the Citie.6 They are incessantly industrious to find me out, rising early and ferreting every place where they think to have me, and hold on so from morning to night, and so from day to day, asking and enqui­ring after me of every one they meet, with railing and [Page 233] slanderous speeches, backbiting and snarling at me, and thus they do every where from house to house in Town and Countrey, where they think to hear of me.

7 They spare for no railing,Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips; for who, say they, doth hear? but let flie against me to all men, cursing and threatning what they would do if they could catch me, and what they would give to find me, being utterly without the knowledge or fear of God, as if they speak not in his learning, nor should never be called to an ac­count for those lies and false reports they raise against me.

8 But thou,But thou, O Lord, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision. O Lord, shalt laugh at this presumptu­ous folly of theirs, that dare set so light by thee, all those that care not to know and fear thee now, shall one day wish they had, when as thou shalt give them to understand that thou carest as little for, and sets as light by them as they by thee; and though Israelites in their own esteem, yet in thine, they are no better than heathens, and so they shall find.

9 Mine enemy indeed is much too hard for me,Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for God is my defence. but not for thee, so that his strength and power to afflict and wrong me, shall have this effect, it shall make me adhere to thee and depend upon thee the firmelier for deliverance, for I never yet was in so per­illous condition, but thou didst protect me, nor I be­lieve never shall.

10 But that God whom I have ever found graci­ous and mercifull to me,The God of my mercy shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies. will still be so, and do more for me than I can ask for my self. And will certainly be as good as his word, wherein he hath caused me to hope, in confounding mine enemies.

11 Yet I desire not that thou shouldst do by them,Slay them not, least my people for­get: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord, our shield. as [Page 234] they would do by me, destroy them out and out; both for their good and mine own, and all my friends and adherents, I rather desire they may remain standing monuments (as the Jews, Christs persecutours shall be, to the believing Gentils) of thy forepast mercies, to mind us of them that we forget not our deliver­ances, and that therefore thou wouldst rather chuse by thy power to abate theirs which they so much con­fide in, that so they may be humbled, and come to know and acknowledge thee to be as indeed thou art, O Lord, thy servants shield and faithfull pro­tectour.

For the sin of their mouth, and the words of their lips, let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing & lying which they speak.12 Bring all their sinfull slanders upon themselves in thy just judgements, let them be cast from the top of honour and affluence wherein they so pride them­selves for example sake, into the bottome of infamie and indigencie, and for those curses and falshoods which they belch out against me.

Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob, unto the ends of the earth.13 Do thou abase their power and pride, and bring them and it to nought in thy heavy displeasure, let them live like abjects, here and there, without power or credit (as shall Christs crucifiers.) And that not onely for encouragement and instruction of thy peo­ples faith, but make them examples of thy wrath and terrour to the very heathen also every where, who are capable of instruction of that nature, that they may learn not to rebell against thee in opposing the King­dome of Christ typically resembled in mine, over Is­rael; which hereby they may see thou wilt effect and make good, maugre all opposition, in faithfulness to thy covenant, and love to thy servant Jacob that type of Christ, the root of thy Church, which is thy King­dome, in which thou rulest, and for which thou over­rulest [Page 235] all earthly powers. Let them, Lord, know so much.

14 Let mine enemies,And at evening let them return, and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the citie. and the enemies of thy Church, know what it is to oppress and persecute thy people, let them have enough of their own ways in the issue, and tast the bitter fruit of their eager prosecu­ting and malicious slandering the faithful and upright, by changing the scene, and being necessitated to range and raven for their own subsistence, with as much hunger and greediness, as ever they did for my ruine.

15 Let them come to shamefull want and penury,Let them wan­der up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied. even to beg their bread, and yet not get enough to sa­tisfie their hunger, but fret and repine at this their la­mentable condition; and spend their days in poverty and discontent.

16 But though they cannot but fret and [...]ume un­der their troubles,But I will sing of thy power, yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble. I will sing under mine, and shew forth thy power and goodness as concerning other re­markable deliverances, so specially this over night, from those that were appointed to kill me in the mor­ning, when yet I shall live to sing hearty praises to thee, for thou hast contrived my rescue out of their hands that would have detroyed me, and were near the doing it.

17 Though my condition is weak,Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy. and mine ene­mies potent, yet thou art strong enough to deal with them, thats my comfort, and in the faith thereof I will chear up my heart and sing to thee the praise of my success, magnifying thee, O God, for my deliver­ance, who hast ever been, and ever wilt be a God of protection and mercy to me.

The lx. Psalm.

David takes occasion from complicate victories of ma [...]y enemies, to shew the people the different proceedings of God towards them now, to what was heretofore, then they were the miserablest of all people by reason of their sins and his judgements, and now through his grace and faithfulness are be­come the happiest and succesfullest, under him the type of Christ and his Church: And admonisheth them therefore to live by faith and to seek to God, promising in so doing they shall prosper and be victorious.

Psalm lx. To the chief musician upon Shushan Eduth Michtam of David, to teach, when he strove with Aram Naharaim, and with Aram Zo­bah, when Joab re­turned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt, twelve thousand.To him that is most skilfull upon the sweet instru­ment Shushan Eduth in this Psalm, made by Da­vid, committed to be plaid upon that instrument and sung to the speciall tune of Michtam, the scope whereof is to teach the Israelites in whom to trust, and from whom to expect their happiness, even from God and his faithfulness, because of his pro­mises which he will now fulfill under his govern­ment, as his late victories over the Syrians and Edomites give good proof 2 Sam. 8.3.13. 1 Chron. 18.3. &c. Together with other experi­ences mentioned in this Psalm.

O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been di­spleased, O turn thy self to us again.1 O God, notwithstanding the peculiarity of inter­est, and relation betwixt us thy people and thee, yet hast thou for a long time suffered us to be oppressed and worsted by the heathen nations and people about us and within us, our sins were the cause why thou wast displeased at us, and didst so by us; but let it seem long enough to have been strange to us, now (Lord) have mercy on us, be reconciled and take part with us, as thou didst at first when thou broughtest us out of Egypt, and gavest us this land to possesse.

Thou hast made the earth to tremble; thou hast broken it: heal the breaches thereof, for it shaketh.2 Fearfull concussions have been in this state, by reason of their sins and thy judgements, what invasions [Page 237] and inrodes of forreign enemies, what civil wars, fra­ctions, and divisions amongst themselves, and what desolations hath befallen them by all these, so that for a long time miserable hath been their disorder and confusion, therefore pity this thine own people at last, and give them better times, for the nation hath been sore shaken, and thunder-strucken by thy judgements upon it, that if thou underprop it not now, it cannot stand nor remain any longer a people to thee.

3 Who though they are so,Thou hast shew­ed thy people hard things, thou hast made them to drink the wine of astonishment. yet hast thou greatly afflicted them with many and grievous calamities, thy judgements & our miseries have been such, & have so staggered and astonished us, by reason of thy manifold promises of grace and felicity, that we have been put quite besides all faith and hope, and have not known what to think of thee or of our selves, nor what to do to gain thy favour, and recover our selves again into it.

4 But of thine own grace hast thou in this juncture of time,Thou hast given a banner to them that fear thee: that it may be displayed because of the truth, Selah. and desperate condition of ours set up thy standard, to rally thy people and their hopes again un­to thee, even all that know and fear thee, thou hast gi­ven me to be the King over Israel, and by and under me wilt give them halcyon days, a flourishing state, & victory over their enemies, witness this against the Sy­rians besides many others, which is not for our deser­vings, but for thy truth and promise sake. Let it have the glory.

5 Lord,That thy beloved may be delivered; save with thy right hand, and hear me. go on to do me and thy people good, whom thou hast always professed speciall love to, that they may get heart again, and under me (as thy Church under Christ) be delivered from their ene­mies, to this end put forth thy power, give us victory, and hear the prayer of me thy servant [Page 238] in mine own and thy peoples behalfes still as there is cause.

God hath spoken in his holiness, I will rejoyce: I will divide Shechem, & mete out the valley of Succoth.6 The holy God hath passed his promise, and pawned his faithfulness upon it that I shall be King over all Israel compleat, and have it peaceably in my possession, so that I am sure enough of it, for all mine undermining enemies, and though I have come hard­ly by it, yet I have it at last fulfilled which was pro­mised me; What cause have I to rejoyce in this good­ness, and faithfulness of God to me, thus to give me full dominion and absolute possession, and dispose of those very places and people, which stood it out so pertinaciously against me, and stuck so close to Ish­bosheth, as well as of them that voluntarily submitted to me.

Gilead is mine, & Manasseh is mine, E­phraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my Law-gi­ver.7 Yea, of all the tribes, and countries belonging to them, as well those afar off, as Gilead and Ma­nasseh, as nearer hand, so that now I can pronounce them mine own as well as any other, the greatest and best peopled are as much mine as the least, Ephraim that is so populous, God hath brought it into mine obedience, which hath added much to me, and both it and all the rest are content to take Laws, and to be Governed by me that am of the tribe of Judah prin­cipall for Government, out of which Christ the King and Law-giver of his Church must come, even out of my loyns.

Moab is my wash­pot, over Edom will I cast my shoe: Philistia triumph thou because of me.8 Yea, both of domesticks and forreigners, both of Israel and all her bordering heathenish neighbours and nations, that have been as thorns in her sides, hath God given me the dominion. The Moabites, whom I have absolutely subdued, those that I have left alive of them, I have destined to do the drudgery [Page 239] and basest offices of me and my people, and will make them glad to do so, and Edom I have and will bring under my feet and subjection, that have so proudly trampled upon the Israel of God. And as for Pale­stine those accursed Philistins, let them if they can glory in my destruction, and triumph over me, as they did over Saul and his sons, whom they overcame, and insultingly abused their dead bodies. 1 Sam. 31.

9 The Edomites,Who will bring me into the strong Ci­tie? who will lead me into Edom? think their Metropolitan Citie Bozra an impregnable place, and it is a place of great strength indeed, nor easily taken by meer humane force, but I doubt not to get it for all that, if no earthly power can do it.

10 God from heaven that hath given me these victories over the Syrians,Wilt not thou, O God, which hadst cast us off? and thou, O God, which didst not go out with our armies? and Edomites in the field, shall open the gates of that, and all such places to me, for all things shall go on our side, now we shall carry all before us, as heretofore we were born down on all hands, because God was against us.

11 Let us seek to him who is both able,Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man. and will­ing (if we do so) to make us a free and happy people, and be convinced of our sin and folly in trusting to any power but Gods to deliver or establish us, by what this Kingdom hath suffered under Saul, who was of your own chusing, and in whom you promised your selves such felicity.

12 Let us arm our selves therefore hence-forward principally with faith,Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our ene­mies. trusting in Gods power and faithfulness, and going under his conduct, when we go against our enemies, so shall we be sure of good success, and come off conquerous, for as he hath pro­mised, so will he perform, if we trust in him and relie [Page 240] upon him, even the vanquishing and triumphing over all our enemies under me, as the Church shall under Christ over hers.

The lxi. PSALM.

David by Absalons rebellion, and his Kingdoms revolt being driven from Ie­rusalem beyond Iordan to Nahanaim 2 Sam. 17.24. prayes earnestly in this distress, in confidence of deliverance by God, in whom he promises to trust because of former experience, and Gods engagement by promise touch­ing the Kingdom to him for his days, and his seed after him, thereupon grounds and iterates his prayer, and upon restauration promiseth praise.

Psalm lxi. To the chief musi­cian upon Neginoth, A Psalm of David. To him that is most skilfull upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth, to which this Psalm is chiefly set, do I David that made it, recommend it, for the care and ordering of it in the Quire.

HEar my cry, O God, attend unto my prayer.1 AS it ever hath been my custom in all my for­mer distresses to flie to thee, so now in this, and as it hath been thy constant usage to hear and de­liver me when I have done so, so now, O God, vouch­safe me the like grace and mercy to hear me in this mine extremity, which presseth hard upon me, and so do I upon thee by prayer and supplication.

From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when mine heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock that is higher than I.2 Though I am driven far from thy sanctuary, and am banished from mine own house and thine in Jerusalem, to the uttermost skirts of mine own Kingdom, yea, though it were to the end of the world, yet will I be the same man as to my faith­full seeking unto thee, that I know is the same God to hear and help me, when and whereso­ever I call upon thee in the anguish and trouble of mine heart, and greater cause I never had [Page 241] to be troubled, for I never was in greater extremity, nor had less outward probability to escape, the whole Kingdom (in effect) being revolted from me, therefore, Lord, thou in this my low condition, raise up my faith to thee, and establish mine heart in thee, and thine all-sufficiency.

3 For hitherto thou hast never failed me of delive­rance,For thou hast been a shelter for me, and a strong tower from the enemy. but hast allwaies stepped 'twixt me and mine undoing, and how strong soever mine enemy hath been against me, thou hast still appeared stronger for me, and in my behalf.

4 And as I have found thee faithfull,I will abide in thy tabernacle for e­ver: I will trust in the cover of thy wings, Selah. so shalt thou find me, for I am resolved in what distress soever I am, and whithersoever I am driven, though from thine Ark and Tabernacle now at Jerusalem, yet shall my faith carry it about with me, and give me spiritual re­sidence in it, knowing that thy presence, though ty­ped by it, yet is not so typed to it, but thou canst hear, and help me, and art present with me, to do me good here, as there; for thou canst stretch thy wings of pow­er, and protection, as far as I can stretch my faith, and that shall never fail in every condition and place, to rely upon thee for it. Amen.

5 For I have double assurance from thee,For thou, O God, hast heard my vows: thou hast given me the heritage of those that fear thy name. both my former experiences having evermore had my prayers granted, and my vows of praise, and thanks accepted, which at any time (& they have not been a few) in mine extremities I engaged my self to perform unto thee, and the promise fulfil'd of being King over the people, that of all the world only know and fear thee, as Christ over his Church, both I, and mine, and therefore am not to be put besides it I am confident, but shall be restored to it again, and leave it peaceably to my successours.

[Page 242] Thou wilt pro­long the Kings life: and his years as many generations.6 Yea, I doubt not but I shall out-live this trouble, and being annoynted, and appointed King by God, in special remembrance of the Messiah, I shall be re-in­stalled, and undoubtedly live out the uttermost peri­od of my days, which shall not be a few in that estate and condition.

He shall abide be­fore God for ever: O prepare mercy and truth which may pre­serve him.7 This is as certain, as God is true, for here­in I (his peculiar chosen for that purpose) am by the grace and favour of God to be the type and symbol of Christs certain, and everlasting reign over his Church, notwithstanding all his, and her troubles. To this end, Lord, shew forth thy mercy in pardon­ing my sin, and removing this judgement, and re­member thy faithfulness to do as thou hast promised concerning me, for on these two crutches, Mercy, and Truth, do I lean, and doubt not to be upheld, and preserved by them, and brought out of this my pre­sent misery into a good condition, and restored to Je­rusalem, and thy Tabernacle again, in a peaceable and lasting possession of my Kingdom.

So will I sing praise unto thy name forever: that I may daily perform my vows,8 And when thou hast done this for me, then comes my turn to do for thee, even to praise thee there, and to magnifie thy power and good­ness for this my deliverance so long as I live, which I will certainly do, (and when I am dead too, by an everlasting Memorandum, which I will leave of it to thy Church) and will daily resort to thy Sanctu­ary, and there as oft as I go to worship, will not fail to remember mine engagements, and perform my vows unto thee for this, and all other thy mercies, for which I stand indebted to thee.

The lxii. PSALM.

David abruptly breaks into a declaration of his sole confidence in God for his own preservation, and his enemies destruction that maligne him to the death, but encourageth himself in his trust in God, and adviseth all else that are faithfully affected, and wait upon the promise to do so [...]oo, fall back, fall edge, shewing how vain it is to trust in ought else, which he disswades them from at any rate, because both by Gods word, and our own daily experience we may learn, That it is his power, mercy, and justice, that onely can, and will save us, and utterly destroy our enemies.

To Seduthun, Psalm lxii. To the chief musician, to Seduthun, A Psalm of David. one of the prime musicians, and the principal of all his lineage, do I David that made this Psalm, recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 GOd hath been pleased to exercise me under infinite and endless trials,TRuly my soul waiteth upon God: from him cometh my salvation. none ever the like, and I have had no small temptations by them to impatience, and dispair, but yet they have not taken effect: I have, and do still hold out dependingly, rely upon God, and patiently wait the issue, which I know shall be good, for as I have had one trial upon the neck of another, so hath he never failed me with deliverance upon deliverance in most marvellous manner, no, nor ne­ver will.

2 I have ever found him alone all-sufficient,He onely is my rock and my salvati­on: he is my defence, I shall not be greatly moved. to deliver me out of my dangers, though they have been never so great, and from mine enemies, though they have been never so many, and I doubt not but to find him so still, for my faith is the [Page 244] same it was, and so is he, and will approve him­self no less I am confident in my behalf, whensoever I stand in need, so that though I may yet wade through more troubles, and undergo further agitations, yet they shall be but like the rest, exercises and tryals of my faith and patience, they shall never undo me, but I shall sooner or later be delivered.

How long will ye imagine mischief a­gainst a man? Ye shall he slain all of you: as a bowing wall shall ye be, and as a tottering fence.3 How long will you persist to compass my ruine, and think because I am but a man whom you strive a­gainst, therefore it must needs be feasible, never consi­dering what God hath decreed, and promised concern­ing me, which is not frustrable by all that you can do, but shall make me, though a low and despicable man in your eyes, able to hold out against you all, who in­stead of ruining me, shall your selves be destroyed, your own weight of wickedness shall serve to crush you, and your sinfull courses shall lay you low e­nough, as strong and well fortified as you take your selves to be.

They only con­sult to cast him down from his excellencie, they delight in lies: they bless with their mouths, but they curse inwardly.4 They set themselves against me, as if they had no other enemy, fearing that I shall be King, which they would gladly hinder if they could, they stick not to say I rebelliously seek it, though they know, and have had experience of the contrary, and out of their own mouthes have pronounced me innocent, and fault­less, wished well to me for it in outward expressions, when notwithstanding, in heart they hated me, and meant me nothing but mischief, as I have found by ex­perience.

My soul, wait thou onely upon God: for mine expectation is from him.5 My soul, what ever be the carriage of thine ene­mies towards thee, yet cast not off thy confidence in God, but hold out patiently to expect the ful­filling of his promise, and the issue of thy suffer­ings, [Page 245] make him thy sole stay and trust, for thou hast good grounds so to do.

6 I have ever found him alone all-sufficient to deliver me out of my dangers,He onely is my rock, and my salvati­on: he is my defence, I shall not be moved. though they have been never so great, and from mine enemies, though they have been never so many, and I doubt not but to find him so still, for my faith is the same it was, and so is he, and will approve himself no less I am confident in my behalf, whensoever I stand in need; so that though more troubles may befall me, yet shall they be but exercises, and trials of my faith, and patience; they shall never undo me, but I shall sooner or later be delivered.

7 I have solely deposited my safety and honour in the hands of God,In God is my sal­vation and my glory: the rock of my strength, and my re­fuge is in God. which mine adversaries seek to ruinate; and to deprive me of both present being, and future well-being, but shall do neither, for God hath undertaken for both, and will undoubtedly make it good.

8 Let me be your example,Trust in him at all times, ye people, pour out your hearts before him: God is a refuge for us. Selah. & encourager to trust im­moveably in God at all times, in all conditions, better or worse. Ye, his faithful upright-hearted people that have waited for better times, as I have done, be not dismai­ed, but let your faith be stedfast, though your state be various; believe in him, & pour out your souls in fervent and faithfull prayer to him, in my behalf, and your own; and take it upon my word who have tryed it, as well as upon his who hath promised it, God shall fail neither you nor me, if we do so, I dare ingage for him.

6 Take man under what consideration you will,Surely men of low degree are vanity, and men of high degree are a lie: to be laid in the ballance, they are all­together lighter than vanity. and he is not to be confided in, for if they be of low degree, then base fear, or mercinary lucre will byas them, and betray you, if of high degree, pride, humour, or prefer­ment [Page 246] sway them, and make them as mutable as the wind. You shall find no stedfastness in men of any condition, but they are up and down, now for you, and anon against you; a pair of empty scales is not more uncertain, and moveable than they; and there­fore trust not in them, rely not on them, for they will deceive you.

Trust not in op­pression, and becom not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.10 Least of all trust in sinfull courses; go not a­bout to make your selves rich and great, by oppressi­on, and indirect waies; that is not the way to be hap­py, but miserable; nay, though you now increase in the wealth, and well-fare of this world, by honest and laudable courses, yet put not your trust, nor take not content in them, nor promise your selves felicitie by them.

God hath spo­ken once: twice have I heard this, that pow­er belongeth unto God.11 God hath in his word told us, how vain and in­consistent with our trust, all sublunary things are, of no power to render us happy, or yield us support; and by his providence he hath allso made it appear so, de­feating all such confidences, and frustrating such ex­pectations; so that I (and you also) have heard it, and seen it made good in experience, the emptiness and in­capacity of every thing under the sun, to answer our trust, and that the power thereof onely belongs to God.

Also unto thee, O Lord, belongeth mercy: for thou ren­derest to every one ac­cording to his work.12 And as he onely hath power to answer our ex­pectations, and make good the hopes of them that depend upon him; so is he tyed to it by those attri­butes of mercy, and justice, which to perswade our confidence in him, are also held forth to us in legible characters, both in his word, and works, having promi­sed, and daily performing acts of grace and favour to those that put their trust in his goodness; and like­wise [Page 247] in mercy to them, both threatning and acting ju­stice and judgements, upon their injurious enemies, wicked workers.

The lxiii. PSALM.

David being in the wilderness of Ziph void of outward comforts, and in some desertion of soul, prayes for to be delivered out of his spiritual wilderness, by the shedding abroad of the love of God in his heart, which would comfort him beyond all his sorrows: and from former experiences, strengthens his [...]aith, and clears up his heart touching future dispensations, not doubting, but af­firming the destruction of his enemies, and his own advancement to the Kingdom,Psalm lxiii. A Psalm of David when he was in the wilderness of Judah. for the good of the Church.

A Psalm made by David when he was in the wilder­ness of Ziph, belonging to the tribe of Judah, hiding himself from Saul.

1 O God,O God, thou art my God, early will I seek thee: my soul thirst­eth after thee my flesh longeth for thee in a a dry and thirsty land where no water is. though I am in this solitarie condition, am exile from amongst men, and a compani­on for wild beasts, yet is not my faith staggered, nor my proprietie in thee impaired, but still thou art the same God in relation to me, and I have the same interest in thee, that ever I had, no trouble shall make me forget my dependencie, nor cause me neglect mine addresses to thee, whose favour and assistance I prefer before all things, and will seek to thee for it in the first and prin­cipal place, as undervalluing all things to it. My soul and inward man is extreamly impatient of some sweet spiritual communion with thee, which would infinite­ly refresh and animate both soul and body, in this un­comfortable condition, and barren wilderness, where I have accommodations for neither.

2 To be here immediately supplied from thee (in default of those helps I had in thy Sanctua­rie whence I am now driven)To see thy power and thy glory: so as I have seen thee in the Sanctuary. with those heart-ra­vishing aprrehensions of thine almighty power and [Page 248] glorious grace, as heretofore I have had in the celebration of them, in thy Worship and Ordi­nances at thy Tabernacle, by those emblemati­cal representations, and types of thy saving mer­cies, so comfortably exhibited therein in their live­ly signals.

Because thy love­ing-kindness is better than life: my lips shall praise thee.3 The memory whereof, though at distance, mind me of thine unspeakable love in Christ, which to a hungry soul, and a believing sinner, is of higher price, and more desirable, than life it self, which with­out it, is but death; and however in outward respects my condition is so sad, yet, whensoever thou wilt let the taste of that thy love break in upon my spirit, I know the power and virtue of it so well, that I am sure mine inward refreshings will bear down the sense of mine outward wants and sufferings, and I shall be a­ble to praise thee, whatsoever be my pressures.

Thus will I bless thee, while I live: I will lift up my hands in thy name.4 If I might be but alwaies thus made happy, I should never be miserable, but shall have cause enough to bless God, for thus blessing me? If I had no other happiness but this all my life long, I should have no cause to complain, but of perpetual rejoycing and con­fidence in God, his goodness and mercy to me?

My soul shall be satisfied as with mar­row and fatness: and my mouth shall praise thee with joyfull lips.5 Then shall my soul be as full as it can hold, feast­ed with the bread of life, and heavenly dainties, far surpassing all creature-comforts, even so full as to make me break out in thy praises, uttered as in a rapture, or extasie.

When I remem­ber thee upon my bed: and meditate on thee in the night watches.6 Especially, when in this sort I can call thee to mind in the night season, in my retired thoughts, and can express my mind when I lay awaking, after this manner upon thee. O how sweet is it.

Because thou hast been my help: there­fore in the shaddow of thy wing will I re­joyce.7 How low soever be my condition either for soul, [Page 249] or body in respect of outward means; yet, in regard of my former experiences of thy goodness, and faithfull­ness in all essays, I will not be discouraged, but in the faith of thee, and thy tender respects to me, I will clear up my heart.

8 I am sorely pursued,My soul follow­eth hard after thee: thy right hand up­holdeth me. and my soul in this my sad condition, pursueth after thee, as fast as mine enemies do after me, for I know that still thine heart is towards me; and that by thy power and grace I am, and shall be upheld.

9 Yea,But those that seek my soul to de­stroy it: shall go into the lower parts of the earth. I shall stand, when by thy justice executed upon mine enemies, they shall fall; and live, when they are dead and rotten, however it be ebbe water with me now.

10 I know they have not long to live,They shall fall by the sword: they shall be a portion for Foxes. their de­struction is not far to; and that they shall die a violent death, when they do die; as they have been cruel and bloudy-minded in their life, so shall they die a bloudy death, and shall fall by the sword of their enmies, who shall expose their dead bodies, to open disgrace, and inconvenience for Foxes, and vermin to prey upon, not affording them the common courtesie of burial.

11 But I that am appointed,But the King shall rejoyce in God, every one that swear­eth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped. and anoynted of God to be their King, shall live to rejoyce in his wondrous preservation, and preferment of me to that office, whereof he shall give me possession, as far remote as I seem to be from it now, and that not onely to my joy, but to the rejoycing of all his faithfull people, who in sincerity of heart profess and serve him, they shall joy and glory in me, as the type of the Messiah, his rule and governance over his Church, who shall come as hardly by it, and in the eyes of the world shall seem as unlike for it, as I to be [Page 250] King of Israel. And when its their turn and mine to rejoyce, on the contrary, those that now make no conscience of any thing they do, or say, shall hang their heads, and not have a word to speak in excuse, or justification of themselves, because of desponden­cie of spirit, and their self-accusing consciencies, as al­so shall Christs enemies at last.

The lxiv. PSALM.

David having some advertisement of great desig [...]s upon him by his [...]mies, prays God to preserve him from them, who are so wick­edly, and mischievously bent against him, and accordingly is confi­dent of his deliverance, and that Gods just and remarkable judge­ments shall be [...]al his adversaries, to the a [...]esting of some with fear, and others with joy.

Psalm lxiv. To the chief musician, A Psalm of David. To him that is the chief and principal of all the Quire, do I David that made this Psalm, re­commend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

HEar my voice, O God, in my prayer: preserve my life from fear of the enemie.1 O Lord, my present calamitie puts me upon great and earnest importunity, hear me I pray thee that am sore put to it, and therefore both with heart, and voice, press hard upon thee for the rescue of my life out of mine enemies hands, that endanger it greatly.

Hide me from the secret counsel of the wicked: from the in­surrection of the workers of iniquitie.2 Let thy protection equal mine enemies projects, who turn every stone to compass mine undoing. They have their private plottings, & conspirings to surprize, or betray me; but Lord, do thou hide me, that these hid­den stratagems may never find me, as also from their open violence, for such is their malice, and so cruelly are [Page 251] they bent, that nothing shall be unattempted upon me.

3 Incensing all they can against me,Who whet their tongue like a sword: and bend their bow to shoot their arrows, even bitter words. with false and slanderous reports, to the wounding of mine innocen­cie, and set me up as a mark to discharge all their cal­lumnies, and falshoods upon.

4 They know they believe me,That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not. and yet though con­scious to their own wickedness, and mine innocencie, they spare not to backbite me, and privily to inform all manner of untruths against me to Saul; they suggest and let flie any thing against me, that they either hear, or imagine, never caring to wrong me, nor fearing to offend God, and provoke his justice.

5 They animate one another,They encourage themselves in an evil matter: they com­mune of laying snares privily, they say, who shall see them. with hopes to prevail against me at last, and that I shall not scape them; they consult to ensnare me at unawares by fraud and treaherie (any way so it be done) and think to carry the matter so privately, and to cloak it so cunningly, as that none shall suspect them, nor nothing can prevent them of their hopes.

6 They contrive exceeding subtilly,They search our iniquities, they accom­plish a diligent search: both the inward thought of every one of them, and the heart is deep. and cast about in their thoughts and imaginations, with a great deal of studie and diligence, how and which way they may likeliest deceive, and destroy me, and ma­ny times make sure of it; and indeed, so close and dissembling they are, that it is impossible for me to know or avoid them by any skill or power of mine.

7 But though I miss the mark;But God shall shoot at them with an arrow: suddenly shall they be wounded. and shoot far short of finding out their devices; and may be deceived by their dissemblings, I am sure God he knows them, they cannot scape him; for all they lye at a close ward, he knows how, when, and where to hit them, even when they are most confident, and [Page 252] least fear any ill to befall them, shall his judgements overtake them.

So they shall make their own tongue to fall upon themselves: all that see them shall flie away.8 This shall be the want of all their lying reports, and slanderous back-bitings, instead of bringing e­vil upon me, upon whom they design it, they shall bring sin, and that sin shall bring judgement upon themselves, yea, so remarkable shall the hand of God be upon them, that men shall shun them as they did Korah, and his complices.

And all men shall fear, and shall declare the work of God: for they shall wisely cn­sider of his doing.9 The justice and terrour of the Lord shall astonish men, and make them both fear themselves, and ca­veat others to beware of the judgements of God from this example; for it shall awaken the minds of men, and put them (all that have any eyes in their heads) to consider the justice, power, and terrour that accompanies this judgement, in bringing their wicked­ness thus upon themselves, and delivering me an in­nocent person.

The righteous shall be glad in the Lord: and shall trust in him, and all the up­right in heart shall glory.10 A wonderfull confirmation shall it be to all that are upright, and cause of rejoycing, to see the care that God hath over such, to vindicate their inte­grities against evil doers, and to deliver them out of their sufferings by executing apparent judgemens upon their enemies for their sakes; how shall this make them trust God, and trust in God, what ever betide them? Yea, it shall make all that are sincerely God­ly, from this example of my deliverance, and mine e­nemies overthrow, with confidence to bear up them­selves in God, and despise the power and malice of all wicked men, be they never so potent and po­litick.

The lxv. PSALM.

David tells God with what saithfull expectations his people wait upon him for mercies, to the end they might have new occasions to praise him, and though for their sins they deserve no good from God, yet shall be of Free-grace do them good, which is a point of special comfort to the faith­full, to whom God is a sure friend, and ever will be, and an enemie to their enemies, and accordingly will keep and protect them all the world over, for whose sake it is, that mankind, and all creatures enjoy such temporal blessings, and needfull mercies as they do.

To him that is the first and principal of all the Quire, Psalm lxv. To the chief musitian, A Psalm, and Song of David. do I David, that made this Psalm, recommend it for the care and ordering of it, to be both sung and plaid by voices, and instruments.

1 O God,PRaise waiteth for thee, O God, in Si­on: and unto thee shall the vow be per­formed. we desire to be mindfull of thy mer­cies, and still as thou givest occasion of praise, not to fail to return it, we are ready, O Lord, if thou wilt administer fresh mercies to render thee the thanks of them, and to worship thee for them as thou hast appointed, not onely inwardly in spirit, but also in thine Ordinances, with Sacrifices, and Free-will-offerings, according to thy law will we do it.

2 Thou Lord,O thou that hear­est prayer: unto thee shall all flesh come. art the onely God of thy peoples prayers, Let it more and more appear that thou hear­est us, and that our prayers are powerfull with thee for the good of this poor Church, and thy servants, and people under this administration, that it may be upon Scripture-record for thy Church in after-ages to encourage their faith, and to invite them all the world over, to seek unto thee in hope and confidence of like audience, grace, and success from thee.

[Page 254] Iniquiti [...]s pre­vail against me: as for our transgressions, thou shalt purge them away.3 Mine own and my peoples sins are they that stand in the way of our prayers, and hinder good things from us, so that I can neither have what I pray for, nor do what I would successfully, by reason of them: but notwithstanding our sins, yet my prayer shall be, that in mercy thou wilt pardon them, and make us a ho­ly people to thee, and my confidence is, that though our sins do abound, yet thy grace shall super-abound to do this for us.

Blessed is the man whom thou choosest, and causest to approach unto thee, that he may dwell in thy courts: we shall be satisfied with the goodness of thy house, even of thy holy tem­ple.4 For were it not for thy Free-grace, and Electi­on, no one man upon the face of the whole earth, much less a nation could ever partake of thy favour, and have their prayers heard; their sins would hinder them. But though all men are deservedly out of fa­vour by sin, yet there is a way of grace to bring even sinners into respect with thee. And for all his sins, yet blessed is such a man (for there are not many of them compared with the world) whom of Free-electi­on thou thus hast made choice of to bestow thy grace upon, and made able by faith to see thee a reconciled, and pardoning God unto him, and willing to receive both his person, and his prayers into acceptance, and audience, and priviledged to frequent thy presence in thy Sanctuary, and perform thy worship there with assurance of welcom, and spiritual imbraces whenso­ever he comes, the oftner the better. I, and others of this number, I am sure shall find it so, we shall ne­ver lose our labour, but when we come to ask grace, we shall have it, and so often as we resort to thy taber­nacle, and they in after-ages to thy temple, (signs alike of thy presence) nay, all that are thine, and offer up prayers of faith to thee in heaven, when there shall be neither tabernacle, nor temple, which is their anti-type, [Page 255] and signification, they shall have but what they will of thee, even their hearts desire, what heaven and thy grace can afford them, and us.

5 Such power have thy people,By terrible things in righteousness, wilt thou answer us, O God, of our salvati­on: who art the con­fidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are a [...]ar off upon the seas. and their prayers with thee, as that nothing shall be impossible to them; if thy Church have need, and be in extremity, why, that will be but thine opportunity, miraculously to deliver them by evident judgements upon their enemies, set­ting forth the power of prayer and thy faithfulness to them, who hast a tender regard of their preservation; and such as thou art now to us, a few faithfull ones in a corner of the world, such shalt thou be when thy Church is enlarged amongst the Gentiles, to all that are thine all the world over, far and near, in Continents, and in Islands, every where, in all places thou shalt be their God, hearing prayer, and yielding salvation to them that trust in thee.

6 For as by the creation,Which by his strength setteth fast the mountains: being girded with power. thou hast made thy power to appear to all people in all the world, so shall thy grace extend it self, and those that imbrace the tender of it, shall be as firm, & immoveable by any human power, as the mountains, being established and begirt with thine.

7 Who art able to master the most masterful things in the world which generally is enraged at thy Church,Which stilleth the noise of the seas, the noise of their waves, and the tumult of the people. and people, where ever they be in it; they are tossed and turned like a ship at sea in a storm, which as thou canst calm & bring safe to land, so canst thou, yea, & so wilt thou too uphold thy Church in the middest of her tu­multuary perplexities, and troubles, which in all pla­ces she is exposed unto, & also deliver her out of them.

8 Thy grace to,They also that dwell in the uttermost parts are affraid of thy tokens: thou makest the out-goings of the morning and evening to rejoyce. and protection of thy Church, shall be to all ages, and in all places most observable, as well as here amongst us, for the same thou art now, the same [Page 256] thou shalt ever be to the wicked enemies of thy faith­full people, terrible in thy judgements upon them for their sakes, for whom also it is that thou exerci­seth such gracious providence upon the whole earth, continuing the frame of nature which else would dis­solve, and ordering each creature in its place, time, and station to do its office; all the world from sun rising to sun setting, fare the better for them.

Thou visitest the earth and waterest it: thou greatly enrichest it with the river of God, which is full of water: tho [...] prepa­rest them c [...]rn, when thou hast so provided for it.9 The earth and all things in it, are therefore seasonable, graciously, and plentiously supplied with apt showers in times of need, sent from Heaven down upon it, where thou hast ordained the clouds to store up abundance of water to be at thy dispose for the good of the creature, causing thereby such plenty of corn to grow fit for mans gathering upon the face of the earth, thus husbanded by God.

Thou waterest the ridges thereof a­bundantly: thou set­lest the furrows there­of: thou makest it soft with showers, thou blessest the springing thereof.10 By thy blessing upon mans labour it is, the earth brings forth such plenty, sending seasonable showers upon tillage-land when its drie, and seasonable sun-shine when its wet, so that both ridge and furrow fructifie by interchangeable softnings and hardnings as there is cause, and the corn by this means, from first to last through thy blessing, is made to grow and pros­per, which otherwaies would miscarry, and the taste of bread fail.

Thou crownest the earth with thy goodness: and thy paths drop [...]atness.11 Thou makest the earth to excel with the beautifull varieties and rich blessings that thou bestowest upon it, and causest it in the summer time to bring forth, when and where thou pleasest to visit it with fruitfull and seasonable showers from above.

They drop upon the pastures of the wilderness: and the little hills rejoyce on every side.12 Which not onely are bestowed upon the inhabit­ed, and husbanded places of the world, for man to reap the profit of, but also upon the unpeopled places, where [Page 257] wild beasts and such creatures range, there for their use and sustenance dost thou extend thy bounty, ma­king those places also that want the benefit of Art and husbandry, and which in their own nature are less capable, both hills and plains by thy blessing from above to fructifie and flourish in their kind with all needful conveniences for those creatures thou hast appointed to feed thereupon, and inhabit therein.

13 Thus are all places blessed by thee,The pastures are clothed with flocks; the valleys also are covered over with corn; they shout for joy, they also sung. the wil­derness and mountains brings forth plentie of grass and cattel in their kind, and the pasturable grounds which men make use of, they abound with heards and flocks in their kind, the plowed and cultured places also they super-abound in their kind with the abun­dance of corn and grain of several sorts that grow thereon, so that they seem to be sensible in a kind of thy blessings to and upon them (by the return they make, and bring forth, of plentie and beautie) and thereby to offer their praises to thee again, and do occasion abundance of joy and gladness in the owners and inhabitants that reap the profit of these thy gra­cious providences.

The lxvi. PSALM.

David fore [...]els the happie condition of the Gentils, how that God shall have his Church among them, as unlikely as it is, that shall worship and serve him faithfully: which he will he as careful of, and propitious to, as ever he was to them, and what things he hath done for them are not to be for­gotten, but to be had in remembrance of the faithful in all ages as the pledge of like mercie and protection unto them▪ as the praise-worthie deliverances he hath wrought for them out of all their sufferings and dangers that they have long undergone, and given them Canaan the type of heaven, which his people what ever they may suffer he [...]e shall be sure of. For which mercies to all Israel, but principally for his own particular ones which have been extraordinarie, he promiseth praise with a free heart and a li­b [...]ral hand in all sorts of sacrifices appointed by God: and would have the [Page 258] upright take notice for their learning, that he never praid, but was answered, which he speaks to incourage such, not Hypocrites, who have no such pri­viledge as he and the rest of the [...]aithful have, whose prayers shall be effectual, as his was.Psalm lxvi. To the chief musician, A song or Psalm.

To the President of the Quire is this Psalm commit­ted for his ordering it to be sung, and plaid by voi­ces and instruments.

MAke a joyful noise unto God all ye lands.1 THough all nations but we are as forreiners to God, yet shall he have a Church of larger ex­tent, even all the World over, that shall worship and praise him with joyful acclamations for his saving truths and benefits vouchsafed to them.

Sing forth the ho­nour or his name: make his praise glori­ous.2 They shall have their temple as well as we, even the Gentils shall partake so liberally of his saving graces, as that in the Antitype and complement of all our ceremonious musick, they shall upon the co­ming of Christ, & his having a Church amongst them, spiritually, & in a more divine strain than ours, honour and magnifie his saving goodness, & gloriously praise him for it in higher degrees of faith and knowledge.

3 Magnifie God for the terrible victories he hath at sundry times wrought upon the Gentils by the power of his might on the behalf of us his chosen peo­ple,Say unto God, How t [...]rrible art thou in thy works? through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemies submit them­selves unto thee. through the greatness of the power of whose grace, shall these same rebellious Idolatrous Gentils one day be won to take Laws from God, and become his people, that now are in open enmitie against him and his Church to destroy it, for which he so de­stroyes them.

4 The time shall come, that not we onely, but the whole World shall know thee,All the earth shall worship thee, & shall sing unto thee, they shall sing to thy name. Selah. fear thee, and believe in thee the Lord, and shall offer thee that worship in sub­stance which ours portrayes out in shadows, the whole earth shall be thy temple and Quire, for thy Church [Page 259] shall every where praise thee and magnifie thy saving goodness, to them, Lord, let this thy Kingdom come.

5 I would have all that are Gods in all ages,Come and see the works of God: he is terrible in his doing toward the children of men. of­ten to recollect and consider for the strengthening of their faith and glorifying of God, the wondrous things from time to time that he hath done for his Church, and the works he hath wrought for the preservation of it, how terribly he hath ever proceeded against the men of this World that have offended them, and what judgements he hath alwayes executed upon such, and ever will.

6 How of old when his people Israel were in jeo­pardie,He turned the sea into drie land: they went through the floud on foot, there did we rejoyce in him. and (humanely) impossible to escape being en­compassed on all hands with unavoidable dangers, the sea before, and Pharaoh and his host behind, how then the Lord by miracle wrought for them and di­vided the sea, through which they passed upon drie land, so also when they entred the land of Canaan, what way the Lord made for them over Jordan, in like sort though at that time it overflowed, not going over it by help of boats or bridges, but just as they did before through the red-sea, the waters were divided miraculously, and they went through on foot in the face of their enemies, as if there had been no river be­twixt; O the joy that then was apprehended by our fore-fathers at the sight and experience of such won­derful power, and goodness of God extended to his Church in their so supernatural accommodations for their safe transporting, and their enemis destruction, and disheartning! which ought also in the memorie of it to rejoyce us and the people of God for ever, being wrought by God as a pledge and assurance of his con­tinual love towards the whole bodie of his Church, [Page 260] and that he is the eternal Saviour of it, from which act therefore ought to flow cause of rejoycing to us, and all the Godly in all ages, in the faith of the same immutable goodness.

He ruleth by his power for ever, his eyes behold the na­tions; let not the re­bellious exalt them­selves. Selah.7 And power, which shall never be weakened, but as he then was, so he is and ever will be of the same strength and sufficiencie to stand his Church in steed, and to over-master their enemies, nor will he be one jot less careful of his people hereafter than heretofore, but as circumspect over them for their good in all parts of the world, when they are universally called and gather­ed out of all nations to be peculiarly his, as he was then to those that were so. And as that ought to be an example and incouragement of joy and confidence for ever to the Church of God, so of terrour and humbling to her enemies, that having such a presi­dent before their eyes upon sacred and everlasting re­cord dare rebel against God by wronging his people, thinking to suppress and root them out, because they are few and short of them for power and policie, but it shall turn to their ruin in after-ages as well as then; They may be sure of it.

O bless our God, ye people, and make the voice of his praise to be heard.8 All Gods people ought to bless God and magni­fie him for what he hath done, and assuredly will do for his Church, but especially, we, that are before­hand possessed of so many mercies and great deliver­ances, we ought to resound and publish the praise of his famous acts for the Gentils to take notice there­of, thence to be confirmed in faith and hope.

Which holdeth our soul in life and suffereth not our feet to be moved.9 From what he hath done for us; who, but for his care over us had long ere this been swallowed up a thousand times over of death and destruction, by our many enemies which yet were never able to have their [Page 261] will of us, but that still we are a people, and have been upheld against, as it were, the whole world, who because of Gods peculiar choice, have a special ma­lignant hatred to us.

10 For,For thou, O God, hast reproved us; thou hast tried us, as silver is tried. Lord, thou knowst what troubles we have undergone since we have been a people to thee, and all to the end thou mightest have occasion to shew how firm thou art to us, as thou hast ever made it to ap­pear, and to trie whether we will be as firm to thee, in our faith in thee and worship of thee, thou hast proved us over and over again by afflictions, to give us testi­monie of thee, and that thou mightest have assurance of us, a faithful sincere people.

11 Thou thus to trie us and shew thy self,Thou broughtest us into the net, thou laidst affliction upon our loins. hast many times led us into inavoidable dangers, and to out­ward appearance exposed us into the power of our enemies to be destroyed by them, and suffered them to oppress us sore as in Aegypt and otherwise.

12 We have undergone as base and cruel usage as can be imagined,Thou hast cau­sed men to ride over our heads, we went through [...]fire and through water [...]; but thou broughtest us out into a wealthy place. counted no more of them than the dirt in the streets, & enduring the uttermost hardships under cruel task-masters and bloudie enemies as could possibly be invented and contrived against us, and such things must thy Church alwayes look for in this World, but thou hast made us amends at last, and all that thou promisedst hast thou performed, for thou hast by a strong hand invested us in a happie conditi­on, and possessed us of a fruitful land, spite of all our enemies, so shall thy Church have deliverances here, but let not them never doubt of heaven hereafter.

13, 14 What I would have others do,I will go into thy house with burnt-offerings: I will pay thee my vous. I hope I shall not fail for mine own part to practise; I am resolved upon consideration of what I have recounted,Which my lips have uttered, and my mouth hath spoken, when I was in trou­ble. that [Page 262] thou hast done for us, and I am sure wilt do for thy Church; to give thee praise and thanks not onely in­wardly in my heart, but also outwardly in the eyes, and for the example sake of all others, according to thine appointment by solemn sacrifices: and especial­ly for my self, who have been in not a few, nor those no small troubles, at what time I vowed them to thee, and have tasted accordingly of not a few and those no small deliverances.

I will offer unto thee burnt sacrifices of fatlings, [...] inc [...]nse of rams: I will offer bullocks wit [...] goats. Selah.15 What ever thou hast commanded to be offer­ed thee, I will do it to the full in the performance of my thanks and acknowledgement of thy mercies, both for number and worth, even the best I can get, what charge soever I am at. And that with a free heart.

Come and hear all ye that fear God, I will de [...]lare what he hath done for my soul.16 Thou hast set me up as a pillar and monument of thy unspeakable goodness to thy servants: which I hope and do desire, that all thy people in all ages of the World would take notice of, and to that end I will leave it upon record, even the wondrous mercies I have partaked of, and miraculous preservation that I have had.

I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue.17 How that I never in my need put up my prayer to him in fervour and faith, but I had a return answer­able, and my prayer was turned to praise.

If I regard ini­quitie in my heart: the Lord will not hear me.18 I speak not this to embolden hypocrits, as if they were so priviledged, who are apt enough to pray in their need as well as the Godly, but for the incouragement of the sincere and upright, such as I bless God I am, harbouring the love of no known sin in me, I know how I should have sped if I had, not as I have done, but have had the deaf ear turned upon me; and well I had deserved it, as all hypocrits and carnal, formal, professers do.

[Page 263]19 But assuredly the Lord from time to time hath heard me,But verily God hath heard me: he hath attended to the voice of my prayer. and answered me too, very graciously, yea, he hath carefully had respect to me, whensoever I poured out my heart before him in the anguish there­of, in time of trouble.

20 I bless the Lord he hath blessed me,Blessed be God, which hath not turn­ed away my prayer, nor his mercie from me. and not sent me away without mine errand when as I have come to him in prayer and supplication, nor withheld his mer­cie from me in mine extremitie, but hath effectually appeared for me, and so he will for all that trust in him, and seek to him, as I have done.

The lxvii. PSALM.

The Psalmist praies that God would in such a sort be good to Israel, that the Gentils may note it, and be won by it to imbrace his saving truth, and serve him as well as they. But for the full [...]ffecting of their conversion, he wishes heartily for the comming of Christ and his Kingdom, and the happie dayes that shall be then all the World over.

To him that is most skilful upon the stringed instru­ment Neginoth to which this Psalm is chiefly set, Psalm lxvii. To the chief musician, on Neginoth. A psalm or song. is it committed for his care and ordering it be sung and plaid.

1 THe good Lord be merciful unto us in the par­don of our sins,GOd be merciful unto us, and bless us; and cause his face to shine upon us. Selah. and graciously benevolent and propitious in multiplying blessings upon us, and mani­festing his favour to us, so as it may be notorious in the eyes of the World. Even so be it.

2 That the whole earth,That thy way may be known upon earth, thy saving health among all na­tions. that now wander out of the way may be brought to acknowledge thee for the only true God, & to worship thee aright, when they perceive the mercies, that we that do so, do enjoy above all o­thers, & may be brought to hearken & enquire after the [Page 264] saving righteousness thou hast revealed to us, where­of they are utterly ignorant.

Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.3 Lord let the Gentils as well as we have the know­ledge and experience of thy rich mercie and saving goodness, that they may praise thee for it, yea, spread and proclaim it to all the World, that thou mayest every where have a people to magnifie thee for it up­on the whole earth.

O let the nations be glad and sing for joy: for thou shalt judge the people righteously and go­vern the nations up­on earth. Selah.4 When shall Christ come to proclaim the year of Jubile, even life and salvation to the Gentils, to their unspeakable joy and thy unspeakable praise, and to take the Government into his hands, which he shall sway with equitie and justice both to the good and to the bad? Lord hasten it.

Let the people praise thee, O God, let all the people praise thee.5 Let the Gentils as well as we have the knowledge and experience of thy rich mercie and saving good­ness, that they may praise thee for it, yea, spread and proclaim it to all the World, that thou mayest every where have a people to magnifie thee for it upon the whole earth.

Then shall the earth yield her in­crease; and God, even our own God shall bless us.6 O that this time were now, for when it is, hap­pie shall those dayes be, when the Messiah shall come, infinite of blessings of every sort temporal and spiri­tual will he bring with him. The whole earth that is cursed by the fall shall by him be blessedly restored, and made a Canaan, fruitful to God and man, and God who was become a stranger by it, shall by and in him be as much and more his peoples, in more near proprietie and relation than ever, and bless them with better blessings through grace, than ever they were and could be capable of other wayes.

God shall bless us and all the ends of the earth shall fear him.7 Then shall be a time of sweet harmonious in­terchangeable correspondencies betwixt heaven and [Page 265] earth; God he shall pour out his spirit upon all flesh, and spread his Gospel over the whole earth, and ac­company it with no small store of temporal mercies, and his people shall from all the ends of the World be hereby gathered to him, and give up themselves in faith and obedience to be his.

The lxviii. PSALM.

David upon the great victories he had had over his enemies, and the remove of the Ark to its setled abode in Ierusalem, praies and prophesus the infe­licitie of the adversaries of Gods Church, and the prosp [...]ritie of the righte­ous, whereof he advises them to be confident, and therein to rejoyce; for God in mercie will be mindful of the oppressed, and injustice of the oppres­sors, whereof they had had ample experience by marvellous deliverance out of Aegypt; & settlement in Canaan, in the gaining whereof he gave them won­derful victories, and as their case was prosp [...]rous then, so he prefigures it shall be again now in his time, both Church and Common-wealth shall flou­rish, because of the favour of God to them and his protection over them, for he is to be a resemblance of Christ after his ascension, victor over all his enemies. Having shewn the happie consequences of the Arks remove, he amplifies the manner of its transportation from the house of Obed-Edom, in what order and with what harmonie it was conveyed thence to Ierusa­lem, whither he excites all Israel to come and duely frequent i [...]; and pro­mises himself as much of them both one and other, assuring th [...]m, that as its God that hath put them into this good condition, so must be preserve them in it, and therefore must be sought to for it, and then shall the Church flou­rish from a tabernacle to a temple, even like unto Gospel-times, when Gen­tils as well as Iews shall make up the Church, whereof he would have the world take notice, and be [...] to God for it when it is, who now onely is made manifest to them by works of creation, by which they are to know him, and for which they are to praise him, even him, who is at present the God which they the Israelites worship, and who from heaven and his san­ctuarie hath so blessed them, and overthrown their enemies as he hath done.

To the President of the Quire is this Psalm commit­ted by David that made it, Psalm lxviii. To the chief musician, A psalm or song of David. for his ordering it to be sung and plaid by voices and instruments.

1 THine Ark,LEt God arise, let his enemies be scattered: let them al­so that hate him slie before him. O Lord, the token of thy presence hath hitherto been in obscuritie in compari­son [Page 266] of what it shall be upon this remove of it to Je­rusalem, there to be placed upon thy holy hill, where it shall be in far more eminencie than formerly, and thy worship and service better acted and frequented. And as hath been thine Ark, so hath been thy self un­der a cloud towards thy people till now, that I doubt not will be far otherwayes for time to come, and wilt let the World see, that as thy glorie and worship is promoted, and thy people awakened as it were out of their supine neglect of thee, to honour and serve thee, so wilt thou arise for them to do them good, and make them a flourishing nation un­der me the type of Christ and his Government, so that their enemies, which hereafter shall be thine, because theirs, shall by thy power and in thy wrath be discomfited and confounded in all their attempts against them, and they shall destroy and be victo­rious over all that have formerly triumphed over them, and though still they hate them, yet shall they not now in the flourishing estate of thy Church be able any more to hurt them; Lord let all these things be so.

As smoke is dri­ven away, so drive them away; as wax melteth before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.2 Let thine and thy Churches enemies come to nought, scatter their forces and vacate their coun­sels and let it appear by the nature and manner of thy destructive judgements upon such wicked wretch­es, that it was thee that didst it in the behalf of thy people and for their sakes, with whom and for whom thou art as really present, as thine Ark is pre­sent in Jerusalem.

But let the righte­ous be glad: let them rejoyce before God: yea, let them exceed­ingly rejoyce.3 Let it be now the portion of thy faithful ones, thy poor afflicted people to joy their while in thy presence; as they have been sadned a long time at [Page 267] thine absence, let them so clearly see thee for them and with them, as may even ravish their hearts, and raise up their spirits exceedingly.

4 In confidence of this,Sing unto God, sing praises to his name; extol him that rideth upon the hea­vens by his name Iab, and rejoyce before him. that he will now be with and do after this sort for us his Church and peo­ple, in the faith of it I say (for ye need not doubt it) sing praises to him for it, even for his grace and faithfulness to us, and the just remu­neration of our enemies which he counts his, let your thoughts be of him and praises to him an­swerable to his greatness, let your faith pierce the Heavens to behold him there in his glorie and majestie over-looking the World from thence, and ruling and ordering all things here by his migh­tie power, who onely hath his being of himself, and gives being to every thing else, which can be said of no God or Gods besides him, as such be sure to magnifie and praise him; and in the faith hereof, that this his infinit power, abso­lute regiment and glorious independant Being, shall be improved and imployed for you, do you rejoyce in him.

5 God is both gracious to help those that are in need,A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation. and just to relieve those that are oppressed, have they never so few friends or ma­ny enemies, this though all the World be a­gainst us, we shall, even therefore, be sure of him on our side, he will from heaven hear our prayers put up to him in his tabernacle, take our parts, and judge our cause against them that are a­gainst us.

6 Those that are comfortless exiles,God setteth the solitarie in families: he bringeth out those that are bound with chains, but the rebel­lious dwell in a drie land. solitarily wasting their dayes far from home in penurie and [Page 268] pressures, incident to banishment amongst strangers: God hath his eye on such to pitie them, and to give them a settled habitation in a comfortable enjoyment of their possessions and relations at home, he hath compassion on those that suffer for his sake, which they shall not do alwayes, but shall have deliverance from under their yoaks and bonds, and be preferred to a free and happie condition, when as those that are wic­ked and oppress them, shall be transplanted from that their prosperous estate, and made miserable.

O God, when thou wentest forth before thy people; when thou didst march through the wilderness. Selah.7 We have cause to say, so that have had so great experience of his power and goodness towards us, in that wonderful enfranchising of us out of our Aegy­ptian thraldom, and destroying the Aegyptians be­fore our faces, what wonders did he work to bring it to pass which we have cause to record in all the cir­cumstances of it, as a certain pledge to his Church for ever of his care over her. How then, when the Lord by evident tokens of his presence in a pillar of fire and cloud conducted and protected his people our fore-fathers out of Aegypt, through the red-sea, and along throughout the desert wilderness. Let it never be forgotten.

The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the pre­sence of God: even Sinai it self was moved at the presence of God, the God of Israel.8 How then I say he did appear with them and for them, altering the very course of nature many times for their supply and benefit, both the heaven and the earth, the one and the other though sensless of all other things, yet seemed sensible of the presence of the Lord with his people, The earth quaking with awful reverence, the clouds doing fealtie and paying their tribute in emptying themselves of their exha­lations. Sinai also that mightie mountain, when in that dreadful manner God gave the Law and [Page 269] manifested his presence upon it, was affected at it with signs of terrour and amazement, and all this was when he undertook the protection and conduct of his people Israel, the emblem of his Gospel-Church, and her travel through this world, her wilderness, to Ca­naan which is above.

9 And though we left behind us the fruitful plains of Aegypt over-flowed with Nilus, Thou, O God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine in­heritance, when it was wearie. yet hast thou brought us into a good land of hils and valleys, bles­sed by thee from heaven with seasonable and fructi­fying showres, whereby thou didst approve it to be a land of promise and thy gift, having made good it to thy people and thy blessings unto it, as it stood need.

10 Thy Church and people Israel chosen to be so from out the whole earth,Thy congrega­tion hath dwelt there­in: thou, O God, hast prepared of thy good­ness for the poor. as thou hast placed them, so thou hast preserved them there to this day, maugre all their enemies; Thou hast provided for, and prote­cted of thy meer grace this thy little poor handful of people, maliced and opposed by all the world.

11 The Lord in exigencies gave his people many wonderful deliverances and victories,The Lord gave the word, great was the company of those that published it. and so admini­stred occasion of praise ever and anon to them, which in an instant was rumored over all the land, and in eve­ry ones mouth, the good news of thine almighty assi­stance still as thou didst vouchsafe it, passed from one to another, like the word in an armie, with joyful ac­clamations and praises.

12 Many potent Princes with powerful armies that came against Israel were by miracle defeated,Kings of armies did flie apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil. and made, both they and their armies to flie for their lives, leaving behind them rich bootie, and such plen­tie of it, that the very women who with fearful mindes [Page 270] abode at home doubting the issue, when they heard the news, with joy made hast to congratulate the vi­ctorie and share in the spoil.

Though ye have lien among the pots, yet shall ye be as the wings of a dove co­vered with silver, and her feathers with yel­low gold.13 Though in Aegypt your fathers were in wo­ful slavish condition conversant in brick and pot-kils, doing all the base work, and being as basely used, and though since their deliverance thence, you, their posteritie have even in this good land for your evil wayes endured much affliction, and undergone great hardship by tyrannous usages of insulting enemies, yet be confident of this, the time is come, wherein God will be as propitious to you for his grace sake, as ever he hath been severe against you for your sins, you shall now be a rich and flourishing nation, blessed with grace and peace, and admired for your glorie and beautie.

When the Al­mightie scattered Kings in it, it was white as snow in Sal­mon.14 You know when first God brought his people into this land, (which then lay wholly in the dark­ness of Idolatrie) and destroyed the Kings thereof, one after another for their sake, how famous was this nation then, upon that glorious change? and how resplendent in the eyes of God and men by the establishment of Gods pure worship, and the admira­ble and clear wonders wrought by God here; why, such now shall be again, though it hath been long in infelicitie and deformitie since those dayes by our sins, and Gods just judgements.

The hill of God is as the hill of Ba­shan, an high hill as the hill of Bashan.15 Sion the mount whereon God hath chosen now to pitch his tabernacle, and in it the Ark of his presence, and there, and there onely to be worship­ped in solemn and more than ordinarie manner, it is by this become more famous for this Soul-fatning and spiritual repast that is there in such plentie to be [Page 271] had than that ledge of hills called the hill of Bashan, scituate beyond Jordan, is, for its extraordinarie fruitfulness and fatning of cattel, it is raised by this divine prerogative to a height of eminencie and note equal and beyond the height and greatness of Bashans hills, exceeding it both in profit and pleasure.

16 Why do you the tall and fruitful hills in seve­ral parts of the World seem to carrie it so high,Why leap ye, ye high hills? this is the hill which God desi­reth to dwell in, yea, the Lord will dwell in it for ever. to joy and pride your selves in your priviledges of na­ture so far above this of Sion? whereas this one su­pernatural priviledge of Gods residence and worship here, is more worth than you and all yours put toge­ther; for all your priviledges of nature, richness of soil, and high towring tops, yet hath God past you by, and chosen this to be his place of residence on earth, and the very type of heaven, nor will he change it or alter his mind to transplant himself, and his worship from thence unto any of you, but hath set down his staff here, his promise is passed to it which he will not revoke. And what is true of Sion above all other hills, is as true of the spiritual King­dom of Christ, typified in me and my Government, which for that reason is transcendent to all the King­doms, nay, the empires of the whole world.

[...]7 And let not this residence and presence of God we so much magnifie our selves in,The chariots of God are twenty thou­sand, even thousands of Angels: the Lord is among them as in Sinai, in the holy place. be judged of by car­nal apprehensions, nor the strength of Sion by out­ward appearance, as if the one nor the other afforded no more protection and help to Gods people than we see with our eyes; Our faith is it that must in­struct us in this matter, to which onely God ap­pears aright in his power and majestie excelling all earthly might. The potentates of the World esteem [Page 272] their strength by the number of men, horses, and chariots that they can arm and muster. But what say you to Angels? one whereof is able to destroy thousands, whole armies of such, nay, what say you to thousands and millions of such Angels, these are they though invisible, wherewith God appears in the behalf of his Church, fights for and defends the Kingdom of Christ, and so shall mine, and yet if we doubt that men may be too hard for Angels, know, that God, even the irresistable Almighty God is commander in chief over and amongst these his hea­venly host, who alone is sufficient without auxiliaries either of men or Angels to safe-guard his people and place of worship and presence, where he is as really, though not so visibly, and in as great majestie, strength, and grace as he appeared on mount Sinai in power and terrour, I hope we remember that, and so should our faith represent him to us now, when we come thither to worship him and seek unto him in any strait.

Thou hast a­scended on high, thou hast led captivitie ca­ptive: thou hast re­ceived gifts for men, yea, for the rebelli­ous also, that the Lord God might dwell among them.18 As I am raised from a low estate to this height of dignitie and office, to be King over Israel, and so made able to overcome those that overcame them, and to enrich them with the spoils of their enemies and the presents of forrain nations that seek to me for friendship, which I am readie (for thou hast put me into a capacitie to stand mine enemies in steed) to ex­tend to friend, and so be they never so opposit, thereby to make way for, and hold forth in type thy willing­ness, O blessed Saviour, to do the like to Jew and Gentil, who shalt draw all men to thee when as thou art lifted up, and raised from thy low estate of humilia­tion and death, by a glorious resurrection and ascen­tion, [Page 273] which is as sure to be, as if it were, and indeed virtually and energetically, as also typically and in figure, is already done, for so even now as I upon the throne, so dost thou sit at Gods right hand, ha­ving conquered all spirituall powers and enemies to thy Kingdom, as the world, flesh, sin, death, and Sathan, who, but for thy conquest of them, whom by thine ascension thou art victorious over, had absolute dominion over thy people, who thereby are set at li­berty to serve thee that art enriched in thy humane nature, with all the glorious graces and excellencies that heaven and the divine nature can afford thee, that thou maiest be the bounteous and gracious di­spenser of them to thy body mysticall, thy spirituall Israel, that are a willing people to thee, as also em­powered and put into capacity to vanquish and over­power the most ignorant and gainsaying, that the power of thy spirit and grace may be glorified in and upon thine enemies, as well as upon thy friends that profess and worship thee, to make them do the like, and bring them also in favour with God.

19 We who are the people of God,Blessed be the Lord, who dayly load­eth us with benefits, even the God of our salvation. Selah. do at present day by day, blessed be thy name for it, reap the happy fruits of Christs virtuall ascention in his pow­er and goodness, what mercies of all sorts, spiritu­all, temporall, are heaped and showred down up­on us? And what salvation hath the Lord wrought for us, time after time, which ought to be ascribed to him. Amen.

20 We can speak by experience,He that is our God, is the God of salvation; and unto God the Lord belong the issues from death. that the God we worship and believe in, can save and deliver, I think we have found it so, and indeed he onely can deliver, and save alive, who onely hath van­quished [Page 274] and overcome death it self, and hath the sole dominion and disposall of it, and all the means and ways that lead to it, to prevent them be they never so imminent, as to his people.

But God shall wound the head of his enemies; and the hairy scalp of such a one as goeth on still in his trespasses.21 And to succeed them to his enemies and theirs, they shall feel the weight of his hand, if they persist to bruise the heel of his Church, at last he will break their head, let him be who he will, be as sure as his head grows upon his shoulders, or hair upon his head, so sure will God meet with him sooner or later that doth so, if he will not repent and be converted.

The Lord said, I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring my people again from the depths of the sea.22 The Lord hath purposed and promised to do as great things under me for his people as ever he did heretofore, when he vanquished great and Giant-like Kings; as Og the King of Bashan for their sakes, and delivered his people out of his hands, as also out of the hands of Pharaoh by deviding the red sea, & con­ducting them thorough; we may be, and have been driven into straits since then, (and so shall the Church in all times) but the same power shall still appear for us to relieve us in our greatest extremities, whereof those things were a pledge.

That thy foot may be dipped in the bloud of thine ene­mies, and the tongue of thy dogs in the same.23 Yea, such fearfull vengeance shall God take of the implacable enemies of his Church, as that he shall make way thorough their bloud for his peoples feli­city, which he shall inable them by his power and as­sistants, to shed in abundance like water spilt upon the ground, of no more regard shall it be.

They have seen thy goings, O God, even the goings of my God, my King, in the sanctuary.24 Thy people have often had occasions by thy mercies, vouchsafed them heretofore to praise thee in thy sanctuary, they have seen there, upon great victo­ries, solemn thanksgivings, but was ever seen the like to this happy day, wherein the Ark of God is carried [Page 275] to the Tabernacle pitched in its place of residence the mount of God, with what infinite solace and expres­sion of joy all Israel joyned their forces unanimously to accompany it, following me their King, attending the Ark of thee my God, and my King, unto the place of its abode thy holy mount.

25 It joyes me to think in what comely order,The singers went before, the players on instruments followed after; amongst them were the damsels playing with timbrels. and with what sweet harmony of affections and musick it was done; How the voices they marched in the fore­ranck, singing thy praises, and exalting thy name, the instruments came next ecchoing to them, and re­sounding thy glory, amongst which were orderly in­termixt the Damsels playing upon Timbrels, so uni­versall was this joy, and so glorious was the show, that both men and women did their uttermost, to ex­press their zeal and forwardness in it.

26 And now the Ark is set in Sion,Bless ye God in the congregations, e­ven the Lord, from the fountain of Israel. forget not to congregate your selves to it, but come in flocks and troops to bless this God which is your God, and Lord, that rules over you and for you; all that are the faithfull of-spring of our blessed fountain and forefather Jacob, whose name of Israel, purchased by his prevailing with God, is ever since named upon us, come, repair to it, to the Arke and presence of the Lord, and be you also wrestlers and prevailers with him there.

27 And I cannot doubt of your forwardness and faithfulness so to do,There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah, and their coun­cel, the princes of Ze­bulon, and the princes of Naphtali. that express so much of joy in its transportation, from the least to the greatest, both those that are near, and those that are afar off, will be mindfull of this mercy, and of their duty to frequent his service, and seek his presence and protection. Benjamin that was so dear to Jacob, his youngest [Page 276] darling child, I am sure will follow his fathers steps, and though he was the last of his sons, yet will be the first and forwardest to worship the God of his father, even the whole Tribe of them with their godly ruler, an example to the rest. Nor I hope shall Judah the royall Tribe with their Cheif­taines and Senatours be behind, who ought indeed to give exsample of zeal, that are preferred in Au­thority above the rest; no nor will I am confident Zebulon and Nephtali plead excuse by reason of their remoteness, but even they also, together with their heads and elders quickening them thereunto, will be forward to worship the Lord in his sanctuary at Je­rusalem.

Thy God hath cōmanded thy strength: strengthen, O God, that which thou hast wrought for us.28 Into what a glorious and powerfull condition, hath our God brought us; how hath he by his sove­reign all-disposing power and Authority, made thee O Israel to be thus potent and exalted in strength, and dominion over thine enemies, that ere-while wast so much at an under? O therefore seek to God, let it be your prayer, slack not your hands, grow not sinfull and secure, but be you stirred up by his mercies to frequent him duly, and pray to him earnestly to continue to be gracious, and to establish us in this estate whereinto he hath brought us.

Because of thy Temple at Jerusalem, shall Kings bring pre­sents unto thee.29 Wait and pray for the building of the glorious Temple in Jerusalem, the type and figure of Christ and his Gospel-Church, instead of this Tabernacle, which will be a flourishing time indeed, then shall not onely God be worshipped within the boundaries of Canaan, but the renown of the God of Israel shall so spread, as even forrain potentates shall fur­ther both the work and the worship, and acknow­ledge [Page 277] him the sole sovereign of the world.

30 For this purpose,Rebuke the com­pany of spear-men, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scat­ter thou the people that delight in war. Lord, prepare the way to that Triumphant golden age of peace, by me a man of war and thy Church militant under me, chastising those opposite enemies of thine and ours, that not­withstanding all the evidence thou hast given, and clear demonstration of thy power and goodness to us thy people, are in arms and hostility against us, let them know to their cost that it is neither their num­ber, nor their rage that shall prevail, let both they that lead, and they that are misled, know thus much, let them see their labour in vain, and be brought to own thee for their God, and to do thee homage, and such as will not but chuse rather to hold on their course of enmity and opposition, Lord, take a course with such, to destroy them out of the way, that they may not alwayes be thorns in thy peoples sides.

31 O that the Lord would hasten the coming of the Messiah and his Kingdom,Princes shall come out of Egypt, Ethio­pia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God. which all these things portend, like as the glorious and happy reign of So­lomon draws nigh, whose favour and alliance, Egypt and Ethiopia shall seek and obtain, oh how then would the Gentils come in apace under his subjecti­on, yea, the most unlikely, Egypt that arch-enemy of the Church, and Ethiopia the of-spring of Cham, these or as bad as these will willingly offer them­selves, and glad they may be accepted into his service.

32 That day is coming,Sing unto God, ye Kingdoms of the earth: O sing praises unto the Lord. Selah. some dawnings of it ap­pear even now in these our dayes, if your eyes, O ye Gentils were open to see it in these illustrious Types, but you shall see the sun shine forth in full brightness, [Page 278] amongst you that now are in darkness, then shall you know what it is to be the servants of the Lord, and with glad hearts shall all his people in all places of the world, sing praise and give glory to him. O that it were so now!

To him that ri­deth upon the hea­vens of heavens, which were of old: lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mightie voice.33 To him that though you be not his servants, yet is he your Lord and Master, the great God sole Creatour of all things, who made the heavens higher and lower, ordained them of old with all those lights you see shine in them, and hath ever since maintained, ordered, and ruled them (and much more the world under them) their manifold motions and influences in their severall orbs and operations, by his Almighty power and wisdom; from whence you hear the voice of Thunder how terrible and loud it is, why, God sends it purposely to mind you of him, and to ac­quaint you with that power and terrour he is endowed with, that you may learn to fear him.

Ascrib ye strength unto God: his excel­lencie is over Israel, and his strength is in the clouds.34 Give therefore glory to God, magnifie his power and greatness, and know that this, who is thus excellent, is he that is the God of Israel, whose power is thus mightily manifested, as you hear and see in the heavens.

O God, thou art terrible out of thy ho­ly places, the God of Israel is he that gi­veth strength and power unto his peo­ple: blessed be God.35 O Lord, thou art a dreadfull God, where thou art present, there is power and strength with thee, whether in heaven, or in thy sanctuary, for from both those places, thou hast and wilt assist thy people after a marvellous sort, hearing their prayers above, which they shall pour out here below in thy sanctuary and the courts thereof, and work deliverance for them, and give victory to them, wonderfully destroy­ing their enemies, and subduing them under them, [Page 279] blessed be thy name for it. Yea, Glory be to thee alone.

The lxix. PSALM.

David in great distress prayes for speedy relief, bemoans himself and the wrongs he under-went for God, in whom yet he comforts himself, and falls again to earnest prayer for speedy relief, appeals to God for justice and vindication of his wrongs, being innocent and friendless: In the spirit of prophesie he curseth the wicked Iews, that crucified Christ in the persons of those that so cruelly and unjustly persecuted him, his type; wishing them such temporall and spirituall miseries, as have since befallen them. But prayes that God would remember to raise him up out of his distresses to be King of Israel, as Christ shall be raised from death, and the grave to be head over his Church, promises then to praise him for it, and promises himself the acceptance of his praises, and assures his few friends, Gods faithfull people that lived in expectancy of it, that it shall certainly be, both for their good, and the good of Gods Church in after times, And ex­horts the world, and all creatures in it, to be in their kinds praisefull for this mercy of his Churches establishment and flourishing, for whose sake they have theirs.

A Psalm made by David, Psalm lxix. To the chief musician upon Shoshannim, A Psalm of David. and set to Shoshannim, an instrument of six strings, and by him, committed to him that is most skilfull thereupon, for his care and ordering of it in the Quire.

1 O Lord,SAve me, O God, for the waters are come in unto my soul. its high time for thee to appear for me, I am brought to such a pinch, as that I must sink if thou dost not save, for the waters are as it were broken in at severall leeks round about the ship, and into my very cabin, so that I am about utterly to perish, if thou help not suddainly, for such are my mi­series, and so is my life instantly endangered without thy present remedy.

[Page 280] I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the flouds o­verflow me.2 I am implunged into manifold miseries, and sink deeper and deeper into them, as a man in mire, I can find no footing upon earth, all humane helps fail me, so that I am as a lost man, like one thats past wading, taken of my feet, and can find no bottom, the waters are as it were both above and below me, for I am in such a condition, as if I were swallowed up of the main sea amongst the billows, so that I must be saved by miracle.

I am weary of my crying, my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.3 Thou, Lord, knowest how many, and what ear­nest prayers I have put up unto thee in the trouble of my soul, in so much, as by the exhausting my naturall moisture with continuall complaint, my tongue is tired, my throat sore, and my voice hoarse, and I have looked so long for thy promised deliverance, and wept so soar before the Lord for it, that both tears and sight begin to fail me.

They that hate me without a cause, are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would de­stroy me being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I re­stored that which I took not away.4 I am a lone man and innocent, causelesly hated and unjustly persecuted to the death by the King and all the Kingdom, judged a capitall offendor, and mine estate confiscated by might not by right, and given as forfeited to those I never wronged one farthing, as if I were a fellon, bound to make restitution of what I never stole nor took away.

O God, thou knowest my foolish­ness; and my sins are not hid from thee.5 O God, thou knowest me, none better, that I am a sinner I confess it, its well enough known to thee that I am so, subject to, and guilty of the same apti­tude to transgress as other men, yea, my particular sins that have and do spring from mine innate pravity, which are not a few, are all of them obvious to thee. But though I am not innocent as to thee, yet do I, and dare I make thee my judge as to others, whether I be guilty of these treasonable practises they lay to [Page 281] my charge, and condemn me for, yea, whether ever any such thing came into my thoughts.

6 Let not those,Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord God of hosts, be ashamed for my sake: let not those that seek thee, be confounded for my sake, O God, of Israel. (O Lord, that hast power enough to do otherways) who humbly and dependingly live in faithfull expectation of the fulfilling thy gracious promises to thy Church, by my means and under my government be disappointed of their hopes, by my miscarrying through the power and rage of mine ene­mies; Let not them that are thy people and whose God thou art, and by reason of thy promise do hope, and heartily pray for better dayes to befall them, when thou shalt set me over them, be blasted in their hopes, and disheartned in their prayers by mine undo­ing: neither now, O Lord, let me be a stumbling-stone of thy peoples faith, nor in ages hereafter, to whom I shall appear upon record.

7 O Lord,Because for thy sake I have born re­proach; shame hath covered my face. thou knowest I never sought nor co­veted the Kingdom from Saul, but it was thou that didst cast it upon me unlooked for or desired, annoint­ing me to it when I was keeping my fathers sheep, and thought nothing less, but for this fact of thine, I am accused and condemned as a Traitour, and a proud aspiring person, which slanders (though inno­cent) yet shame me to think that I should be thus thought of, when thou, Lord, knowest its no­thing so.

8 My nearest kinred,I am become a stranger unto my bre­thren, and an aliant unto my mothers chil­dren. mine own flesh and bloud, that lay in a belly with me emulate and censure me as bad as others, and think it is my pride and rashness that brings this trouble upon me, and them for my sake, whereupon they avoid me all they can.

9 For truly,For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the re­proaches of them that Lord, such hath been my zeal for thy Church and people, the promoting the good and [Page 282] prosperity thereof, according as thou hast promised and designed I should, as that I am wholly taken up (as shall the Messiah) with the desire of it, not mine own self-seeking or interest, as I am falsely and slan­derously reported, by those that indeed are in heart thine enemies, and wish and speak evil of me onely for thy sake: as they shall of Christ who they strike at and wound through my sides, as they shall thee through his.

When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.10 Let my behaviour be at never such a distance, to the designs they fasten upon me, let me walk never so unlike to such attempts, more saint, than either politician or souldier like, mourning for the sins, and lamenting the judgements of God upon the Kingdom, instead of coveting it for my sake; why, it was all one, this humbling my self, and fasting before the Lord, was judged to be done in hypocrisie and design.

I made sack-cloth also my garment: and I became a proverb to them.11 I could not so demean my self, but whatsoever I did it was wrested to misprision, if they saw me in sack-cloth, they would point at me and say in derision, Behold the King.

They that sit in the gate spake against me; and I was the song of the drunkards.12 It is not some, but all, of all sorts, that are thus bent against me, they that should be wiser, graver, and juster, and of better example, even the magistrats and men in office and judicature, have their invectives and jears at me, and much more the deboisheers and rabscalions in their cups and merry-meetings make sport with me, and scornfully abuse me.

But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O Lord, in an acce­ptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salva­tion.13 After this sort do men demean themselves, but as for me I study not to reveng my self, or to return like for like: no, Lord, thou knowest mine application and appeal is to thee, and however I am so unaccepta­ble to men, yet not to God; when all men put me [Page 283] from them, then can I betake my self to God in pray­er and be welcome, he never refuses me: accordingly, O Lord, let me find thee now, for I am in the midest of a multitude of miseries, therefore in my behalf op­pose against them the multitude of thy mercies, re­member thy promises touching me, my deliverance and preservation, to fulfill them faithfully.

14 For though to my sense and outward appear­ance,Deliver me out of the mire and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. according to the face of things in humane pro­bability. I cannot scape this danger, yet my faith is not so extinct, but I know all things are possible to God, and therefore pray thee even for the greatness sake of my present affliction, to deliver me out of it, that I fall not into the hands of my cruel enemies, nor by them, but that thou wilt save me from drowning, that am as it were already so near it, that I have but this word to speak to thee, before I sink quite over head and ears irrecoverably.

15 Let not this torrent of afflictions overwhelm me,Let not the wa­ter [...]loud overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me. O thou that commandest the raging seas, much more land-storms, let me not be swallowed up of them, like a ship wracked in a Tempest; thou knowest into what a depth of miseries I am implunged, find a way out for me to escape, and let them not bring me to an utter and untimely end.

16 Let me not pour out my complaints in vain,Hear me, O Lord, for thy loving kind­ness is good; turn un­to me, according to the multitude of thy tender mercies. nor in effectually open my case unto thee, but, Lord, consider what I say, hear me to purpose, grant me re­leif, let thy loving-kindness, which according to thy promise I know thou bearest me, manifest it self in gracious beneficence, for I am sure, thy love is not a vain but a beneficent love, thou art a benefactour to whom thou art a wel-willer; accordingly, good [Page 284] Lord, let me find the sweet effects of the earnings of thy bowells, and the tenderness of thy compassions towards me, which I know to be very great, in a hap­py and powerfull relief and release of me out of these miseries, according to my prayers.

And hide not thy face from thy ser­vant, for I am in trou­ble: here me speedily.17 And do not suffer me thus uncomfortably to remain under a cloud, without sence of thy favour, or experience of thy goodness, who am related to thee as near as man can be to God, for I am thy servant chosen by thee, and devoted to thee, and therefore under thy protection, as also because of my trouble, which as it is for thy sake, so it is great and my dan­ger imminent, and so therefore must be (and I pray thee so it may be) thy help and succour.

Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it; deliver me because of mine enemies.18 Thou seemest to be afar off, though thou art not so in reallity, for my dangers greaten upon me, and the nearer they approach my life, the farther (seemingly at least) art thou from it in compassion and providence, but, Lord, change the scene, come thou speedily to my rescue, let thine own goodness, and mine enemies ungratiousness, move thee to work my deliverance.

Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my disho­nour: mine adversa­ries are all before thee.19 For thou, Lord, hast known mine innocency, and their injuries, how they have heaped up lies and disgraces upon me, the wrong they have done me, they are known to thee, and so are the doers of them, though they are so many I know them not all, yet thou dost, and both canst and wilt do me justice up­on them.

Reproach hath broken my heart, and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pitie, but there was none; & for com­forters, but I found none.20 Who have so wronged and slandered me, that knowing mine own innocency, it cuts me to the very heart, and is a great grief unto me, and the more, for that I have none to take my part, for [Page 285] as some that know me to be innocent do against their own consciences traduce me, so others that believe so of me, their mouths for all that is stopt, and they dare not or will not speak a good word for me, but all men are against me, or as good, for none are for me, to shew any compassion to my wronged innocen­cy, or to afford me any comfort and support in my misery.

21 Nay,They gave me also gall for my meat, and in my thirst they gave me vineger to drink. instead of comforting me, those that I had need of, and applied my self unto, added afflicti­on to affliction, in stead of affording me relief when I craved it, they fell upon me with all manner of bitter­ness and soure usage; wherein I am, as a member mysticall of Christs body the Church militant, so al­so a type of Christ personall, that shall be thus be­friended on the Cross, comforted with no other cordials then gall and vineger, in the agonie of his soul.

22 Let the present plenty and prosperity of mine enemies,Let their table become a s [...]are before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap. whereupon they bear themselves so high, and which makes them so proud and merciless, be the cause of thine humbling them low enough, let abu­sed mercies turn to curses, as shall Christ himself be to his unjust and inhumane persecutours though sent of God to better purpose amongst his people, proud of their priviledges which they abuse to their own destruction, that was intended for their sal­vation.

23 Let them that persecute me the type,Let their eyes be darkned that they see not; and make their Ioi [...]es continually to shake. and Christ the Antitype, be ruined never to see good days, but live in perpetuall infelicity, anguish, and fear, let them neither know what tends to their good, nor have power to make use of it, but miserably [Page 286] and irrecoverably miscarry in horrour and darkness like hell it self.

Pour out thine in­dignation upon them, and let thy wrathfull ang [...]r take hold of them24 Blast them in every thing they put their hands unto, and make them a noted people by the terrible executions of thy wrathfull displeasure against them, and fearfull judgements upon them.

Let their habi­tation be desolate, and let none dwell in their tents.25 Let the land spue out my persecutours and Christs, let them become as vagabonds upon the face of the earth exposed to destruction, that neither they nor their posterity may ever inherit thy favour, or inhabit this inheritance of thine and theirs any more, but be desolate.

For they p [...]rse­cute him whom thou hast smitten, and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded.26 For as they do by me, so will they do by Christ, because thou that art the sovereign God of all the earth, art pleased in righteousness to exercise and try thy servant with hardship, and to humble me before thou exalt me, these men instead of praying for, and pitying of me, they take advantage of thine hand upon me, and double and trebble my misery, yea, persecute me to the death, which thou never meantest, and because thou art pleased to wound me and cast me down, with a purpose to heal me and raise me up, like as Christ shall die and be buried to rise and live again, they to the grief both of his heart and mine, shall, and do blaspeme thee, scoffing at me in my misery, and him in his torments.

Adde iniquitie to their iniquitie: and let them not come in­to righteousness.27 Do thou give them over unto their lawless and sinfull lusts, untill they heap up their iniquities that the measure of them be full, and let them never partake of pardoning grace, nor share in thy justifying or renewing righteousness.

Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous.28 Let them by their fearful sinnings, and thy fearful judgements appear and be known to be that [Page 287] which indeed they are, hypocrites and reprobates, none of thine elect, nor never let them be such, as are thus wicked enemies to thee and thy Christ, and persecutors of thy faithful Church and inno­cent people, let them be taken away from amongst them, and neither have the name of Israel named upon them here, nor be partakers of their di­vine and heavenly priviledges either here or here­after.

29 But,But I am poor, and sorrowfull: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high. Lord, take notice into what a low and un­comfortable condition I am brought by my persecu­tors for thy sake, which though it be their doing, yet is it, I am sure, by thy permitting, let them not have their wills quite to overthrow me, but do thou that art faithful and able to deliver, bring to pass thy pro­mised salvation, and that high dignitie of my being the Kingly type of the Messiah.

30 Then,I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magni­fie him with thanksgi­ving. Lord, will I not forget to do my homage, and pay my tribute to thee from whom I am sure I must have my Kingdom, and of whom I will hold it, and will declare in the ears of all the people to the praise of thy free grace, thy choosing me for it, and bringing me to it, through such difficulties, and by such deliverances, all which I will repeat and register in Psalms and Songs enumerating them and thy power, grace, and mercie to me in them, and with my utter­most zeal and skill will thankfully exalt thee for thy goodness, illustrating the full demensions of it.

31 And as I promise praise and thanks to God,This also shall please the Lord better than an ox or bullock, that hath horns and hoofs. so I dare promise my self his acceptance of them spiritual­ly, and faithfully offered up in the merits and media­tion Christ, who is the kernell and scope of all legall sacrifices, which be they never so great and good, and [Page 288] exactly performed, are but shadows, and of no acce­ptance with God, saving as they are offered in spirit, and faith of him their Antitype.

The humble shall see this and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God.32 O the happiness and joy of that day not onely to me, but to all the humble and faithfull expectants of it, like that of Christs, and doubt not but it will come to the reviving of you from out your fears and doubts, and the animation of all such as you are, in times to come, to seek the Lord as you have done, in hope of the like success and issue in greatest di­stress.

For the Lord heareth the poore, and despiseth not his pris­oners.33 For the Lord hath an ear, to hear the prayers of his poor afflicted people in all places and all ages, and how despicable so ever they may be in mens eyes, subject to all manner of injury and abuse, yet God is regardfull of them that suffer for his sake, and that most, when they are in the worst condition.

Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein.34 Let the heavens, the earth, and sea, and all the creatures that he hath given existence to in all these, let them I say be sensible of, and in their kind thank­full to him.

For God will save Sion, and will build the Cities of Ju­dah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.35 For the good that God will do for his Church, which if he should cast off, it would be the dissoluti­on of all things even the whole creation, but he of his grace will preserve Sion, the place of his worship, and save his people Israel all the Church he now hath, and not let them be ruinated, but will now make them flourish, and will so maintain and uphold them, and will never suffer his Church to cease from off the earth, but will preserve it, and all created Beings, for his Churches sake.

The seed also of his servants shall in­herit; and they that love his name shall dwell therein.36 There shall not be wanting a holy seed to in­habit this holy land, and to be a Church unto him, [Page 289] whom he will preserve and bless, and all things for their sakes; yea, for his elects sake, the whole world shall subsist.

The lxx. PSALM.

A Psalm made by David,Psalm lxx. To the chief musi­cian A Psalm made by David, to bring to re­membrance. and by him committed to the President of the Quire, for his ordering of it; the purport whereof, is to put God in mind of his piteous state, and his faith in him, thereby to gain relief.

THis whole Psalm consisting of five verses,MAke hast, O God, to deliver me, make hast to help me, O Lord. is the same with the five last verses of the 40. Psalm;Let them be ashamed and con­founded that seek after my soule: let them be turned backward, and put to confusion that desire my hurt. viz. the 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. verses;Let them be turned back for a re­ward of their shame: that say, Aha, Aha. being a part of that Psalm here repeated upon the like occasion of distress,Let all those that seek thee rejoyce, and be glad in thee: and let such as love thy salvation, say continually, Let God be mag­nified. some few words onely varying in the texts,But I am poor and needy, make hast unto me, O God: thou art my help and my deliverer, O Lord, make no tarrying. which being compared, serve the better to explain, and illustrate the sense.

The lxxi. PSALM.

David being in great straits by Absoloms conspiracie flies to God for refuge, which he prays for, and presseth hard by many arguments taken from Gods purpose, his enemies wickedness, his own hope, trust, and long experience; the strangeness of his condition, his declining age, and constituti­on, his enemies insultation; upon which last he re-inforceth his prayer for himself, and against them; declares the stedfastness of his hope, notwithstand­ing strengthned by former experiences. And praies, that his latter end, as well as his beginning, may glorifie and demonstrate the power, and faithful­ness of God, and particularly▪ in this deliverance; for which he promises to praise and magnifie the Lord,Psalm lxxi. all the waies in the world.

1 O Lord,IN thee, O Lord, do I put my trust: let me never be put to confusion. thou knowest that what ever be my dan­gers, yet my faith still sticks close to thee, and [Page 290] thy promises of deliverance, let me therefore alwaies be preserved accordingly, and now amongst the rest, let no power, or malice of mine enenemies, ever be a­ble to prevail against me, to frustrate my hope, or thy faithfulness.

Deliver me in thy righteousness, and cause me to escape: in­cline thine ear unto me, and save me.2 But alwaies remember thy gracious ingagements, which though made to me of free-grace, yet art thou bound in justice now to make them good; therefore de­liver me according to them, and by thy wisdom and power, bring to pass mine escape out of this perillous condition that I am in, favour me with thine audience of this my request, and let it be effectual, and prevalent with thee, to the preserving of my life.

Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually re­sort: thou hast given commandment to save me, for thou art my rock and my fortress.3 Let me find some securitie, and certaintie of pro­tection from thee, stil upon the making out of my faith, and prayer unto thee in every strait, as that I may thereby be invited, and encouraged to come as oft as I have need, and never to fail thee, because thou never failest me. I know thy promise, and purpose is to save me, and so long I cannot perish, for nothing can con­tradict thy will, no earthly power can hurt me, seeing thou hast undertaken to preserve me, whom every thing must, and shall obey.

Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked: out of the hand of the un­righteous and cruel man.4 O God, in whom I trust, and whom I serve, let me not fall into the hands of such wicked wretches, that traiterously seek my life, and have not the fear of God before their eyes; deliver me from the power, and from the purposes of this mine unnatural son, and his complices, that rebelliously seek to murther me, to get the Kingdom.

For thou art my hope, O Lord God: thou art my trust from my youth.5 For though I seem helpless, yet I am not hope­less; O Lord my God, I must do as I have done, trust in thee still; thou knowest I ever had a propensitie in all [Page 291] my necessitie to creep under thy wings, as well young, as old.

6 I am not ignorant,By thee have I been holden up from the womb: thou art he that took me out of my mothers bow­els, my praise shall be continually of thee. nor never was since thou ga­vest me understanding to consider it (though it be a thing little thought of by most men) how wonderfully I was conceived, and preserved both in the womb, and ever since by thy power and providence, more than by any secondarie causes, otherwaies all humane helps could never have brought me alive into this world; it was, and is, thou, O Lord, that from first to last, hast evermore upheld me, else I had either never been, or long before this, had miscarried in so ma­ny dangers as I have gone through; no part of my life but hath liberally tasted of thy praise-worthy mercies and benefits, which I hope, and purpose, gratefully to remember, and praisefully retaliate to my death.

7 My condition is wonderfull strange,I am as a wonder unto many: but thou art my strong refuge. and hope­less in most mens judgements, who in diffidence of my success, and in amazement at this prodigie of my sons rebellion against me, and seeking my life, they flie from me as if I were some monster, few, or none taking my part, or ever thinking to see me prosper; but what ever I am to them, I know what thou art to me, even an all-sufficient God, able to protect me in, and bring me out of this very distress, and strange trial.

8 Let me have still more and more experience of thy power and goodness,Let my mouth be filled with thy praise: and with thy honour all the day. fresh matter for my spi­rit to work upon; all along my life, furnish me with opportunities of praising, and magnifying thee, for I love to be so imployed, and now especially is the time, by delivering me.

[Page 292] Cast me not off in the time of old age: forsake me not when my strength faileth.9 Leave me not voide of thy mercie, and good­ness now, that by it hast carried me on thus far of my life, be not less good when I have more need, but as thou hast been my God the two foregoing parts of my life, youth and middle-age, so continue to be in this third and last, wherein I have as much need, if not more, than ever.

For mine ene­mies speak against me: and they that lay wait for my soul, take counsel together.10 For all the waies in the world, I am laboured to be depressed, I am traduced, and slandered to my people, and rendered as an evil doer by mine ene­mies, to cloak their wicked, and unnatural rebelli­on; and all the plots, and waies that can be devi­sed, are set on foot, and complotted by Achitophel, and the rest, to mischieve me, that rather than their lives, would bereave me of mine.

Saying, God hath forsaken him: perse­cute and take him, for there is none to deli­ver him.11 Giving out, that however God hath taken my part heretofore; yet now for my prodigious sins, God hath in his just judgement brought upon me, these pro­digious punishments, that shall certainly bring me to ruine; and therefore they assure themselves they need not fear the issue, but that if they pursue me, (a proscri­bed person) they are confident to overtake, and defeat me, my partie being so small, and God mine enemie.

O God, be not far from me: O my God, make hast for my help.12 But, Lord, let it appear that thou art not so much mine enemie, as they think for, nay, that thou art still my gracious God, and mighty deliverer, by stepping in betwixt me and ruin, so contrarie to their epexctati­ons, and wonderfull rescuing of me out of their power.

Let them be con­founded, and consu­med, that are adver­saries to my soul: let them be covered with reproach and disho­nour that seek my hurt.13 Let me be preserved whom causelessly they seek to destroy, and dethrone, and let them that do so, taste the bitter fruits of their own evil waies, let destruction and confusion be their portion, that would make it mine, and let them to their shame be found themselves [Page 293] to be the evil doers, and reap the disgrace they have sowed for me,

14 And however the clouds gather over my head,But I will hope continually: and will yet praise thee more and more. yet my hope shall bear up, I will not despaire to the last, but be confident that this storm will blow over, and that I shall yet have this deliverance added to, and a­bove all the rest to praise thee for.

15 I shall have cause to glorifie and praise thee for thy faithfulness all my life long,My mouth shall shew forth thy righte­ousness, and thy sal­vation all the day: for I know not the numbers thereof. thou wilt never fail me of thy promise touching deliverance and preservation, but the same thou hast been, thou wilt be so to me still in such like marvellous mercies, which however my de­sire and purpose is to praise thee in some proportion, to them which deserve so infinitely, yet must I needs confess I am short of them, they being so surpassing great and many, and rather the object of mine admira­tion, than thanks-giving, which yet shall not be idle, but alwais acting to my power.

16 I will bear up and hold out stedfast in believing,I will go in the strength of the Lord God: I will make mention of thy righte­ousness, even of thine onely. my faith shall not now no more than at other times flie back from God, either by despair, or taking to, and relying on other helps and refuges, his power shall supply my weakness. It is his promise, and faith­fulness thereunto, that I trust in, and doubt not to praise him for, by effectual experience, now, as ever heretofore I have done, yea, upon it, and it onely do I depend, and ever did so, in all my difficulties.

17 O God,O God, thou hast taught me from my youth: and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works. I have been trained up in the frequent experiences of thy never failing faithfulness, and goodness to me all my life long; alwaies heretofore hast thou done me good, and never but given me cause of praise and thanks-giving by merci­full [Page 294] and powerfull deliverances, which I have celebra­ted accordingly.

Now also when I am old and gray-headed, O God for­sake me not: until I have shewed thy strength unto this ge­neration, and thy power to every one that is to come.18 And now, Lord, approve thine unchangeableness, make out thy goodness to the uttermost period of my life, when I have most need stick closest to me, now in my declining old age, O God, withdraw not thine assistance, but still be helpfull to me, and magnifie thy power in my weakness, that I may have cause to declare thy stedfastness and al-suffi­ciencie to preserve and deliver out and out, and may be a pattern to the faithfull throughout the whole se­ries of my life, not onely to the past, but present, and all succeeding ages and generations, of thy power to protect by thy wonderfull deliverances vouchsafed me in all of them.

Thy righteous­ness also, O God, is very high, who hast done great things: O God, who is like un­to thee.19 And thy faithfulness is no less to be extolled, than thy power, and will be by this mercie magnified in the same degree; equally sharing in the glorie of all the wonderous deliverances thou hast, and shalt vouch­safe me; O God, how wilt thou alone be exalted, and thy peoples faith strengthened, when they shall consider what thou hast done for me from one end of my life to the other? it will cause astonishment and ad­miration, and make thee to rule alone in all thy peo­ples hearts.

Thou which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again: and shalt bring me again from the depths of the earth.20 For my sake they shall never have cause to de­spare, when they consider how often I was plunged into most intricate perplexities, and yet by thine al­mighty hand, hath been extricated out of them, as I shall be out of this, as well as all the rest, and shall have a resurrection out of this state of death and mi­serie, wherein I seem to be swallowed up as of the grave

[Page 295]21 Yea,Thou shalt in­crease my greatness: and comfort me on e­very side. thou shalt make this humbling, a step to my further exaltation, and as a foil to my future glo­rie which shall shine the brighter for it, and my pre­sent sorrows shall bring me an increase of comforts, fa­vour and peace, with God and man shall succeed them.

22 And as thou shalt exalt my glorie,I will also praise thee with the Psalte­rie, even thy truth, O my God: unto thee will I sing with the harp, O thou holy one of Israel. and increase my comforts, so will I magnifie thee in thanks-giving and praises, which with mine uttermost power and skill I will give thee, and particularly for thy truths sake, which hath so firmly stuck to me, and never deceived me whensoever I relied upon thee for it who hast ever been a faithfull God unto me, therefore will I all the waies I can devise, celebrate thy praises in the most so­lemn and affectionate manner that may be: O thou God of truth, and never failing faithfulness to thine ellect and chosen people, that put their trust in thee, worship and serve thee in holiness and righteousness.

23 Lord,My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee: and my soul which thou hast redeemed. I will every way that instrument and voice, art and nature, inward and outward man can act and perform, celebrate thy praises, and that with ener­gie of spirit, in the joyfull impressions, and apprehen­sions of the things I utter, will I express my mind, and not with bare lip labour, my mouth shall speak my heart, and both shall greatly rejoice in thy salvation.

24 Nor shalt thou be the onely subject of my song,My tongue also shall talk of thy righ­teousness all the day long: for they are confounded, for they are brought unto shame that seek my hurt. or solemn worship, but also of my discourse, and common converse; thy faithfulness, and just perform­ance of thy promises, shall never be out of my mouth; I will make it even my table-talk for all to take notice of, when as thou shalt, as I know thou wilt, with shame and destruction disapoint, and defeat mine ene­mies that conspire against me, to take away my life and Kingdom.

The lxxii. PSALM.

David having set Solomon upon his throne, a little before he dyed, praies for him, and prophesies of him according to what he praies, how blessed a King he shall prove, and what a flourishing Church and Kingdom there shall be in his daies, how he shall be admired abroad, and beloved at home, admi­rably prefiguring Christ, and his spiritual Kingdom.

Psalm lxxii. A Psalm for Solomon. A Psalm made by David near his death, for, and con­cerning his son and successour, Solomon, and his government.

GIve the King thy judgements, O God: and thy righteousness unto the Kings son.1 O God, thou by whom Kings reign, as thou hast called me, and my son Solomon after me, to sway the Scepter of Israel, so do thou inable both me, (for that little time I have yet to live) and him in an happy succession to me, with those gifts of wisdom and knowledge, as also of justice and holiness, that are fit for Israels King to have above the Tyrants of the world, who is to represent the Messiah, thy son his government, in, and over his Church.

He shall judge thy people with righ­teousness: and thy poor with judgement.2 And Lord, what I pray for, I also prophesie in thy name concerning this my son and successour, whom thou hast especially chosen before all his bre­thren to rule in my stead. He shall with understanding and uprightness, administer justice and judgement un­to this thy people committed to his charge, and with impartialitie, with just and fatherly pitie, shall he give easie access to, and judge the cause of the poor of thy people, as well as of the rich; he shall be no accepter of persons, thy proprietie in them, shall make him ac­cept and esteem them equally, and administer justice to them accordingly.

[Page 297]3 O the wonderfull happiness of peace and plentie,The mountains shall bring peace to the people: and the little hills by righte­ousness. by the blessing of God that shall be all the land over under his government, by the righteous administration thereof.

4 He shall not onely be a father to the poor of thy people Israel,He shall judge the poor of the peo­ple: he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pie­ces the oppressour. but a just impartial Judge also to all o­ther poor that come under his governance, and a mer­cifull protectour of the helpless, one, or other, against those that by might would wrong and oppress them, not suffering a just cause to miscarrie for want of mo­ney, and friends to carry it on, but himself shall be the poor mans advocate, and the judge of his op­pressour, who shall not escape by his greatness, but be severely, yet justly censured according to his merits.

5 In his time the Temple shall be built,They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure: throughout all gene­rations. and the Church and people of Israel put into a flourishing condition, the worship of God in the types, and signi­ficant ceremonies thereof, shall be in his time com­pleated, never to receive any more augmentation af­ter; who shall reign as well long, as happily, and is to be the liveliest type of Christ, the saviour and King of his Church, who in the age of the Gospel when he is come, and taken upon him the Kingdom, shall have a people, a Church, as in all places, so in all ages of the world, that shall fear and worship him in spirit and truth, according to those resemblances that shall be in Solomons daies.

6 His wise and just administrations with sweet and gracious deportments,He shall come down like rain upon the new mowen grass: as shours that water the earth. shall clear up the hearts of his people, and make Israel by the blessing of God, grow again, and be a flourishing Common-wealth, that hath undergone sad times and afflictions formerly, like [Page 298] as Christ shall with evangelical Doctrines, and the heavenly divine graces of his spirit, distil into, and up­on the hearts of his people, to their spiritual growth and refreshing.

In his daies shall the righteous flourish: and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.7 Together with the worship of God, shall the number of the righteous people of God increase in his daies, and exceeding great happiness shall be to them during the long reign of Solomon, even as under Christ when the church shall grow, and be blessed with all spiritual imbellishments throughout the ages of the world.

He shall have do­minion also from sea to sea: and from the river unto the ends of the earth.8 He shall admirably point out Christ and his Kingdom, as in prosperitie and duration, so in extent and demensions of length and breadth, for as Christs must be universal all the world over, some of all nati­ons, and all of some yielding their subjection to him, so shall Solomons to figure out this, be inlarged far beyond the ordinarie bounds to the uttermost extent of Moses in his predictions, even from the red sea ad­joyning upon the Egyptian, unto the sea of the Phili­stines, parcel of the Mediterranian, and also from the greater river, the river Euphrates, unto the wilder­ness and Lebanon.

They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him: and his enemies shall lick [...]dust.9 People remote and barbarous, shall be sub­ject to him, and the stout and stubborn enemies of Israel, shall under his government be brought to a submissive reverential subjugation far and near.

The Kings of Tarshish and of the Isles shall bring pre­sents: the Kings of Sheba, and Seba shall offer gifts.10 The Kings of Cilicia, and of the Islands in, and countries beyond the Mediterranian sea, shall have him in respect and honour, shall desire his friendship and confederation, and shall from those remote parts, send embassies and presents to him, so shall the [Page 299] Queen of the South come out of Sheba in Arabia-Fae­lix to see his glorie, and hear his wisdom, and shall not come empty-handed, but shall bring, and present him with the chiefest riches and choisest commo­dities of that countrey, and other far distant Kings and Princes of the world shall do the like, shall come or send to him, even from Seba in or bor­dering upon Ethiopia.

11 No Princes nor people round about him,Yea, all Kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him. but they shall give him precedencie of honour and digni­tie, and shall serve him either as subjects, or as friends or allies, freely transacting the commodities of their countreys for the use and service of him and his. All which shall be in resemblance of that universal ac­knowledgement that shall be made by the Gentiles, of the sovereignty of Christ, when once he is estated in his Kingdom spiritual as Solomon (his type) in his King­dom temporal.

12 Wherein not onely greatness,For he shall de­liver the needy when he cryeth: the poor al­so, and him that hath no helper. justice, and mer­cie, he shall figure out the Messiah, for he shall not be a Tyrant, according to the common course of Kings, nor imploy his power to oppression and wrong, but shall be a Saviour of the oppressed and miserable, the poor and helpless shall be relieved by him, for which the Lord shall exalt and prosper him.

13 He shall be gentle-handed,He shall spare the poor and needy: and shall save the souls of the needy. and tender-hearted to those that are the objects of compassion, and shall imploy his power and authoritie for the preservation, not for the destruction of the helpless and afflicted.

14 He shall make it his work to search out a matter in the poors behalf,He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and pre­cious shall their bloud be in his sight. and to save him out of the hands of them that would destroy him, his wisdom & autho­rity shall be the bulwarks of the poor mans innocencie, [Page 300] against the might or fraudulencie of his oppressour, how light soever others set by the lives of poor men, he shall value them at a higher rate, if they be under his protection and government, the bloud of the poor shall be as precious, as the bloud of the rich.

And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually, and dai­ly shall he be praised.15 Would all Kings reign thus, and improve their power and greatness to these uses, they should be hap­pie as he shall; to whom God shall give a long and prosperous reign in peace and affluence, far and near shall he be honoured, and enriched with the presents of his friends, and tributes of his subjects willingly paid, so great and gainfull shall be their trading. To the poor he shall yield such protection, govern with such moderation, and administer justice, with so e­qual an hand, that all people shall bless him, pray for his long life, and happie reign, and acknowledge it a rich mercie of God, so to change the face of things in Israel to what they have been in former ages, by give­ing them a King so divinely qualified with wisdom and and virtue, which they shall daily reap the benefit of, and he the thanks and praises.

There shall be an handfull of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains: the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon, and they of the citie shall flourish like grass of the earth.16 The happiness of his government is not to be expressed, with what peace and plenty God shall bless them all his long reign, there shall be strange increase in the land all over, it shall seem to bring forth of it self: the blessing of God shall so strangely metamorphose things, as that barrenest places with no great pains nor cost, shall fructifie unmeasurably, a little scatter­ed corn on mountains that cannot be husbanded, shall yet yield a great increase; high hills, shall be as fruit­full vallies, and the whole land, both town and countrie shall be exceedingly enriched, & so multiply & increase with people, as that children shall seem to grow in [Page 301] cities and villages, like corn and grass in the field, so populous, and plentiful shall all places be with all man­ner of opulencie.

17 The renown of his wisdom as it shall spread into all nations,His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be conti­nued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him, all na­tions shall call him blessed. so it shall also be recorded unto all ages; the fame of it shall never die, it shall be pro­verbial, As wise as Solomon, his rules and precepts shall for ever remain in the Church of God, to teach men true wisdom, and understanding, even the fear of the Lord, the onely thing that makes men hap­pie, and blessed. All nations, and all ages shall confess him to have been peculiarly chosen, and extraordina­rily inspired of God, for that his Kingly office over Is­rael, in a blessed resemblance of Christ, who in like sort shall govern his Church with wisdom, power, and justice.

18 Thus,Blessed be the Lord God: the God of Israel, who onely doth wondrous things. O Lord, I know shall be the happie con­dition of thy people, in the reign of my son, Solomon. Blessed be thou, O Lord God, for it, who art the faith­full and gracious God of this thine Israel, and therefore hast thou, the onely wonder-working God, marvel­lously endowed him with wisdom, extraordinarie and supernatural, to govern them happily, and make them a flourishing Church and State, to the admiration of all the world, that were wont to be a people of least regard.

19 And now,And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glorie. Amen, and Amen. Lord, as thou hast got thee a name, a glorious renown over all the nations, by the wisdom, and government of Solomon, and the flourishing con­dition of thy people, which I pray may continue for e­ver; and that it may do so, let thy Kingdom come, let the Messiah happily, and speedily succeed his type and prefiguration, that not onely Israel, but the whole [Page 302] world may flourish with a glorious Church, and the saving light of thy Gospel. Lord as I pray, so do thou say Amen unto it.

The prayers of David: the son of Jesse are ended.20 And thus ended David his prayer for his son Solomon, which was the last he made of publick note, and upon Scripture record, in time, though not in or­der, he dying soon after; who was born a sheapheard, the son of Jesse, and died a King, and the father of Solomon.

The lxxiii. PSALM.

The Psalmist being delivered out of an extraordinary temptation of corrupt & fleshly reasoning, occasioned by the wickeds prospiritie, and his own infeli­citie, that had almost cost him a fall, and made him cast off all care of re­ligion, and fear of God, had not God taken up the business that was in con­troversie in his mind, he abruptly thereupon, silenceth all doubts and di­sputes, and in the very beginning, and first entrance into the Psalm, breaks through all difficulties and dissidences wherewith he had been sore pestred, affirming, and declaring for the instruction, and strengthning of the godly, that ma [...]ger all objections to the contrarie, God is every jot as good as his word, for so he had found by experience, and befools himself for his mis­judging of God, and the Godly as he had done, and too highly prizing the wicked mans happie condition in this life; acknowledgeth Gods infinite mer­cie in this his seasonable illumination, and supportation of his faith so much staggered, but now resolved, and thereby enabled to declare God to be righ­teous in all his works, and that to the faithfull, he will ever approve himself such.

Psalm lxxiii. A Psalm of Asaph. A Psalm made by Asaph.

TRuly God is good to Israel: even to such as are of a clean heart.1 I Have had my share of trials, and my share of tem­ptations thereupon, and also my share of experi­mented providences and mercies from God; so that when all things are rightly weighed after a long de­bate and conflict betwixt flesh and spirit concerning the one, and the other, whether God be, or be not to his people as he hath promised. I must needs conclude, he is God, and as good as his word to Israel, but to what Israel? for there was my mistake, not to all that go under that name, because they are the seed of Jacob so [Page 303] called; for all are not Israel, that are of Israel; but to the Israel in spirit, not in the letter; to them belongs the promise, and performance of grace and goodness, to such as are purified by faith, not onely in the out­ward part, by legal purifyings, which are but umbra­ges, but in the hidden man of the heart, by effectual o­peration of faith, and the spirit of grace: to such the Lord is gracious, and ever will be, I know it by expe­rience, and so shall they, let them never doubt it, nor question the truth of Gods word and promise, because of seeming contraridictoriness in his work of provi­dence thereunto, but take it upon the word of a Pro­phet, as well as a promise, it is a truth, whatsoever is suggested to the contrarie by carnal, and corrupt reason; God is so, will be so, and cannnot be o­therwise.

2 I confess it is no easie matter to be thus perswa­ded,But as for me, my feet were almost gone: my steps were well nigh slipt. considering the strange order that is in Gods pro­vidences and dispensations; I my self, for all I can now speak it boldly, yet the time was, when I was as misbe­lieving as other men, extreamly staggered I was in my faith and judgement, touching the truth of the promise, and the goodness of God according thereunto; I was almost fallen from faith, and consequently from hope, reverence, and every thing of that nature, ready to to turn Atheist, as touching the points of Gods truth and goodness, truly I was even going, if God had not staied me, to deviate, and shift for my self by carnal policie, and creature-confidence, as I saw others do.

3 For like a fool,For I was envious at the foolist: when I saw the prosperitie of the wicked. as I was, I fastened mine eyes up­on the outward face of things, I saw them that are best, suffer most, & those that are worst, prosper best, which put me into a passionate envy of them that clouded [Page 304] my judgement, so that I could not but raise foolish conclusions upon foolish premises, and think with my selfe, that surely it is not God, but Fortune that orders matters thus; or if it be God, that then he cannot bring both ends together, punish his people, pros­per the wicked, and yet be good to the one, and just to the other.

For there are no bands in their death: but their strength is firm.4 Whom contrarie to their demerits, he lets live in such felicitie all their daies; for, for all their sins, they have the world at will, their minds, and consci­encies free from trouble, their constitutions strong, and bodies healthfull, they feel no punishments, nor pains in either, neither living, nor dying, for after a prosperous life, I thought I should see God meet with them at their deaths, whereas they died as they lived, without either pangs of bodie, or horrour of conscience, to mine admiration and stumbling.

5 A man would almost think that judges with worldly judgement as I did,They are not in trouble as other men: neither are they plagued like other men. that sin and wickedness, were the high-way to happiness, and that the promi­ses were rather made to the bad, than the good; for whilest the godly undergo concussions, and agitations within, and without, they live in a serene clime, under a perpetual calm, and feel not the twentieth part of what the righteous suffer.

6 And therefore they brave it over them, and pride themselves as the onely men on earth,Therefore pride compasseth them a­bout as a chain: vio­lence covereth them as a garment. whom God fa­vours, far above the Godly, whom they look contem­ptibly upon, maligne, and oppress them, even for their pietie, and povertie sake, judging them therefore hated of God, and so justly persecuted of men, and them­selves his onely friends, and he theirs.

[Page 305]7 They pamper their carcasses,Their eyes stand out with fa [...]ness: they have more than heart can wish. live deliciously, fair well, and thrive well upon it, they have no want of Worldly wealth and outward felicitie, God pours honey into their hive, they prosper wondrously even beyond their own desires and expectations.

8 Their plentie and voluptuousness makes them quite forget God to be above them,They are corrupt and speak wickedly concerning oppres­sion: they speak lof­tily. they live sen­sually and sinfully, as if they were controlable by none, and with open face do injustice and wrong, bragging of their power to oppress, and threatning thunderbolts to the poor and despised people of God.

9 Who if they make their appeal to heaven,They set their mouth against the hea­vens; & their tongue walketh through the earth. pray for, and plead Gods power to protect them, against theirs, they contemn them, and blaspheme God, yea, bid defiance both to God and man, not ca­ring for God above them, and thinking all the world else to be below them, for their proud and presumptu­ous speeches import no less.

10 Whereupon it is that the people of God are in my very case,Therefore his people return hither: and waters of a full cup are wrung out to them. they stumble and allmost fall, and are in grievous agonies not onely by outward affli­ction, but every way which is worse, by inward dif­fidences and debates in themselves, whilest the good are thus extreamly under, and the bad a top of the wheel.

11 Insomuch,And they say, how doth God know? and is there know­ledge in the most high? as I did, so do they, begin to question through the infirmitie of the flesh and their astonishment at the strangeness of such proceed­ings, the providence and administration of God, whither at all he that is in heaven heed these things below, or if he do, then how they can stand with his wise and righteous dispensations and word of promise.

[Page 306] Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the World, they increase in rich­es.12 For thus they say within themselves, who are they that come on and prosper in the World, why generally the wicked and ungodly have most and do best, is it not so every where?

Verily, I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed mine hands in innocencie.13 And who are they that have least and are most under hatches? why truly they that fear God most, that labour to keep a good conscience, and to walk uprightly and innocently both towards God and man, but to little purpose if the cards play on this fashion.

For all the day long have I been plagued, and chasten­ed every morning.14 For as they see nothing but good, so I no­thing but evil, all my life long from day to day, and from weeks end to weeks end, have I been harrowsed with one trouble and miserie in the neck of another, and have had the rod never off my back, who labour to please God and to do well, whereas they that take no such thought, but live as they list, feel not the smart of any one twig.

If I say I will speak thus: behold, I shall offend against the generation of thy children.15 Thus have I been pressed upon by my cor­ruptions and fleshly apprehensions, as others are no doubt by theirs to give way to such thoughts, yea, and to break out through discontent into such speeches and to utter such things for irrefragable positions, but I would not for a World I had done so, O the sad consequences that would have followed thereupon, what discouragement would thy people have taken upon it from mine exam­ple, both at present and in future ages also should it have been upon record to my shame, thy disho­nour, and a stumbling-stone to the Godly to the Worlds end.

When I thought to know this, it was too painful for me.16 And I confess loth I was to let go my hold-fast [Page 307] of thee, and to let my faith fail, and therefore I sought by all means to give my self satisfaction, and to quiet my doubts by debate of reason, and to make it speak all it could for thee, to justifie these thy di­spensations thus to the good and bad, but alas, it would not do, my reason was too weak for my affe­ctions, my mind would not be satisfied with all the arguments I could bring by my natural discourse, to think that such dispensations could possibly be of God, or if they were, how they could stand with thy truth on one side by reason of thy promises, and with thy ju­stice on the other side by reason of thy threatnings.

17 Thus did I reason the matter with my self,Untill I went into the sanctuarie of God; then understood I their end. too and again, all in vain, lost my labour, rested still un­satisfied, till at last when I saw that, then I resolved to take another course, to make mine addresses to thee to be resolved in this great and difficult case of con­science touching the strangeness of thine administra­tions, whereupon I used all holy means, I prayed ear­nestly to thee in heaven, prostrating my self before thee in thy tabernacle, studied thy word, and at last it pleased thee effectually to inspire me with a right un­derstanding, taughtest me to judge of occurrents by spiritual and divine principles, then, and never before, could I apprehend, to any purpose, the end that thou wilt make with these kind of men, how that then is time enough for the wicked to be miserable, and for thee to punish, which shall wofully, certainly, and eter­nally conclude this their temporarie happiness, so much wondred at.

18 And how ever they think they have firm foot­ing,Surely thou didst set them in slipperie places: thou calledst them down into de­struction. and are greatly in favour with thee, yet its far otherwise, they (and we) are much deceived, for [Page 308] though thou raisest them high, it is that they may have the greater fall, their standings upon carnal and creature-confidences cannot hold long, they will fail them, when death comes they must part, and then the everlasting perdition that in hell by thy just judgements they shall endure, shall far surpass the moment of carnall contentment this life afford­ed them.

How are they brought into desola­tion, as in a moment? they are utterly con­sumed with terrours.19 O Lord, what a sudden and sad change will there be, when in the moment of dissolution their souls shall be overwhelmed and seized upon with the dreadful sense and apprehension of their eternal per­dition, how unspeakably shall they be confounded at it.

As a dream when one awaketh; so, O Lord, when thou a­wakest thou shalt de­spise their image.20 When their sins are ripe, and thou, O Lord, art disposed to take vengeance on them and execute judgement, how shall all their phanatical imaginarie happiness of Worldly wealth and prosperitie be anni­hilated, and vanish into forgetfulness and non entity, as a dream when one awakes, and how despicable shall this their so much Idolized honour and felicitie (mi­staken tokens of thy favour) and themselves, notwith­standing it, be to thee then.

Thus my heart was grieved, and I was pricked in my reins.21 Thus wast thou pleased to shew me with what a vain transitorie shadow I troubled my self, and made the imaginarie felicitie of the wicked a real infelici­tie unto me, in disquieting my mind about it, which when I saw, it was no small trouble to me that I should commit such an errour.

So foolish was I, and ignorant; I was as a beast before thee.22 And be so bruitishly blockish in my foolish mis­apprehensions, and sottish conceits of these prosperous conditions of wicked men, and of thee because of them, to my shame I now confess my sin & folly before thee, [Page 309] [...]hat more like a beast than a man I have been thus sensually misled.

23 But,Nevertheless, I am continually with thee: thou hast hol­den me by my right hand. O the trial I have had of thy grace by this experiment, insomuch as I can say it for the esta­blishment and strengthening of the generation of the righteous (whom by my foolishnes I had like to have offended and stumbled, as much, and more than the prosperitie of the wicked,) that truly God is good to Israel, for, for all my sinful censuring and misjudging thee, being now by thine infinit mercie brought thus to my right wits, I see I am and so are they alwayes under thy special care, who by thy mightie power and secret grace hast upheld me from blaspheming and miscarrying under this temptation, when my feet had well nigh slipt and of thine infinit goodness set me clear of it the worst of evils.

24 I hope,Thou shalt guid me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glorie. Lord, through thy grace to take war­ning by it, and no more to be ruled by my corrupt reason, nay, I am confident I shall do so by thy bles­sing, thou wilt instruct me better for time to come, than to let me fool it in this sort any more, while I live I hope never to follow any other guide but thine, nor to be wise with any other wisdom, that now hath set me into the right way again, so that I am well as­sured by this pledge, thou wilt certainly conduct me through all the rest of my temptations and difficulties of this life that I am to undergo, until thou hast safely landed me in heaven above all storms and tempests, there to enjoy the sweet imbraces of thy favour in a glorified estate, which shall put a happie period to all my troubles, the whilest the prosperitie of the wic­ked that so much stumbled me, I now see shall end in endless miserie.

[Page 310] Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none up­on earth that I desire besides thee.25 I have had enough of deviations from thee, it hath cost me so dear, and I see so much vanitie in every thing else, as that I am resolved to stick to thee alone, thou shalt be mine all in all, thy word and spirit shall solely rule me, thy providence shall satisfie me, and thy self in the love and favour thou vouchsafest me, shall be a portion sufficient for me. Let whom will, I for my part will no more, either care for, or set by creature-comforts or creature-con­fidence, but mine heart shall be staid on thee, fall back fall edge.

My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of mine heart, and my portion for ever.26 I have so surfeited of self-deceit that abstracted from God I see now what I am, one that hath neither reason to judge aright, nor strength to hold out in a temptation, if it had not been for the grace and sup­portation of the Almightie and my good God, and that I had not left all and taken to him, what had become of me? but I bless his name I did so, and find him more my friend than I was or could be mine own, yea, when my wit was non-plussed and my cou­rage cow'd, the Lord restored me to both, so that when all fails▪ he shall not; my faith in him shall up­hold me, and my proprietie in him shall satisfie and content me.

For lo, they that are far from thee, shall perish: thou hast de­stroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.27 For it is sure enough, that they that take other courses shall but deviate and go astray; men that de­part from thee by devided hopes and creature-confi­dence, the ground they stand upon shall fail them, it will be their ruine; as it hath been thy practice to be faithful to them that are faithful to thee, so thou hast and wilt not fail to disappoint the confidences of misbelievers, power and policie, and such like harlots, that carnal minded men do court, shall not [Page 311] onely deceive them, but also destroy them; for thou hast often enough made it appear, how thou dost blast such men with contrarie events to their expectations, and destruction to themselves.

28 But I in my particular have found the con­trarie course most beneficial and establishing,But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord God, that I may de­clare all thy works. to draw off my mind and heart from every thing but thee, and by prayer and faith to support my spirit and seek mine advantage, the effects whereof I have late­ly felt, which hath so corroborated my faith in God, that I am now resolved and fixed upon him satisfactorily, for ever hereafter, to trust him, his Almightie power and never failing faithfulness, a­bove and against my fleshly reasoning, for the ma­king good his word by his works; whereof no­thing shall fail, which now I am able confident­ly to affirm to his praise, and the establishment of the generation of the righteous, whom ere-while I had almost scandalized, being enlightened by faith and experience, I have changed my mind, and declare the contrarie to what I then thought, that his works and wayes (of what kind soever) are all of them just and holy, as the faithful shall ever find.

The lxxiv. PSALM.

The Psalmist lamenteth the woful declentions of the flourishing estate of the Kingdom and Church of Iudah, by the desolations and captivation of that nation probably by the Babylonians or Caldees for to those times most of those particulars in the Psalm seem to point. All which are very pathetically deplored, and affectionatly expostulated with God, not onely in their behalf, but also in his own, in respect of as well the bla­sphemies as the cruelties of the enemie; inter-weaving prayers inforced with [Page 312] those arguments both for their restauration, Gods own vindication, and their enemies confusion.

Psalm lxxiv. Maschil of (or, for) Asaph. A Psalm to mind God of his peoples distress and his own dishonour, made either prophetically by David, and so committed to Asaph, or by A­saph himself, or committed to those of his course that bare his name after him by some other man of God that made it upon the captivitie, which is the most probable.

O God, why hast thou cast us off for ever? why doth thine anger smoke against the sheep of thy past [...]?1 O God, why hast thou brought us into such a state, as seems to be an utter dereliction of us, for length of time and immeasurableness of mi­serie, why is thy displeasure so hot; and thy favour so clouded against the people of thine own chusing to worship thee, and special providing for? doubt­less its very strange, and causeth very great thoughts of heart.

Remember the congregation which thou hast purchased of old: the rod of thine inheritance which thou hast re­deemed, this mount Sion wherein thou hast dwelt.2 Be not unmindful (though thou seemest so) of thy peculiar people which thou didst redeem out of their Egyptian thraldom long ago, nor of the land which thou didst allot for their portion, so as to let it be inhabited again by the nations whom thou hast cast out, and destroyed for their sakes, or such like; but remember graciously what thou hast promised and undertaken concerning them to make it good, and particularly the Citie Jerusa­lem, and in it Sion the habitation of thine Ark, the pledge of thy presence, be evermore propitious to it.

Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations: even all that the enemie hath done wickedly in the sanctuarie.3 Lord make hast to destroy utterly those enemies that have made cruel havock of thy people, spoiled the land and prophaned thy worship.

[Page 313]4 O the Lion-like cruelties that are executed upon thy people by the Gentils,Thine enemies roar in the midst of thy congregations; they set up their en­signs for signs. those enemies of thine and theirs, murdering them in the very Temple and Sy­nagogues in scorn and hatred of thine holy assem­blies, offering all manner of despightful insolencies to thy worship and worshippers, destroying both them and all the holy things thereof, they even crie victoria against God himself, and brave thee to thy face by advancing the monuments of their Idolatrie in the places of thy worship, and fixing their displayed ensigns on the top of all thy Tem­ple, proudly triumphing over thee as vanquished by them, and unable to defend either thy worship or people against them, to thine unspeakable di­shonour.

5 Lord how are things changed,A man was famous according as he had lifted up axes upon the thick trees. the time was when happie was he that could contribute most and readiest assistance to the erecting and beautifying of thy temple, when no pains nor cost was spared.

6 But now the heathen that are victors,But now they break down the carved work thereof at once, with axes and ham­mers. and have broken in upon us, take as much felicitie to demo­lish it as ever thy people did to erect it, plundering it of all its treasure and rich utensils, and every one put­ting to his helping hand, have regardlesly to the beau­tie and holiness of such a place, defaced all the cu­rious workmanship thereof with militarie violence, and noise of axes and hammers, that was erected without any, and in a moment, have they utterly de­faced that which was so many years in building and beautifying.

7 And not satisfied with the demolishings and de­facings of so glorious a structure,They have cast fire into thy sanctua­rie, they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground. the better to perfect their malice upon it, and to bring dishonour to thy [Page 314] name, and root out thy worship, they have burnt it down to the ground, all the wayes they could devise have they abased and annihilated it.

They said in their hearts, Let us destroy them together: they have burnt up all the Synagogues of God in the land.8 It is a fearful thing to tell what havock they have made, and with what minds they did it; eve­ry one, one as forward as another, nay each one striving who could exceed his fellow▪ each emulating and imitating other, in doing most mischief and ma­king quickest work; threatening thunder-bolts, and thinking on nothing but how to multiply and perfect the destruction of thy people, without exception of age, sex or degree, and encrease the devastations of the land; especially of the Temple and Synagogues, which because they more immediatly concerned thee and thy worship, have they the more elaboratly de­stroyed them every where, none escaping; and to make the surer work have done it with fire.

We see not our signs, there is no more any prophet: neither is there any among us that knoweth how long.9 O what a sad condition are we in under such woful pressures by raging enemies! and at the same time utterly benighted as to thee-ward, no testi­monies at all of thy favour towards us, or presence with us, are now remaining; all such signs have quite left us, neither know we whither to go, nor how to do to enquire of thee as formerly our predecessours were wont to do in straits, never age nor miserie was like to this, since thy people were a people, for we have not so much as one prophet (that were wont to have whole schools of them) nor prophetess in all the whole land, who can either instruct us what to do to reconcile our selves to thee, nor how long it will be before thou beest reconciled, and thy favour renewed to us, as it was ever heretofore wont to be after some short space.

[Page 315]10 O God find out a way to let us know the end of our miseries,O God, how long shall the adversarie reproch? shall the ene­mie blaspheme thy name for ever? and the rather for the disgrace thou sufferest the whilest, for thine honour lies in the dust, as well as we; through our sides thou art wounded, and divided, as if thou also wert conquered, and that thou canst not deliver nor restore us now as heretofore, though thou hast been too hard for our enemies, yet now they are too hard for thee, thus thine omnipo­tencie is impeached, and thou scorned, as a God that art not able to succour and befriend thy people. Let the consideration hereof move thee.

11 Lord,Why withdraw­est thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom. why doest thou suffer thy self thus to be dishonoured, and thy people thus to be destroyed? here­tofore thou wast alwayes wont to appear for them up­on less occasions, and powerfully to preserve them, and to be jealous for thy worship; and Lord, why art thou not so now, why doest thou not put forth thy power, and magnifie thy grace now as then, Good Lord be intreated to do so, who canst if thou wilt.

12 For Lord thou knowest how thou hast ever been related to us and we to thee above all the World,For God is my King of old: working salvation in the midst of the earth. as King and people, and what remarkable protection and great deliverances both before and since we were planted in Canaan, thou hast vouchsafed us answer­able to such relations, in the sight and to the admira­tion of all both far and near, upholding us thus long a people to thee in the navel of the earth, in despight of all the enmitie and combinations that have been a­gainst us round about.

We have not forgotten,Thou didst di­vide the Sea by thy strength: thou brakest the heads of the dra­gons in the waters. and we pray thee also to remember it, what thou didst for us when thou broughtest us thitherward out of Egypt, how thou miraculously made the sea drie-land for us to pass [Page 316] through, and by thine Almightie power madest the water to stand like walls on our right hand and on our left, till we were safely landed on the other side, and till the whole Host of the Egyptians in pursuit of us, was ingaged and ensnared in the deep, and then thou causedst the waters to come together again, and so destroyedst that bloud-thirstie and mightie armie in their own element, even the Egyptians by inunda­tion of water, that are a nation above all the World blessed and preserved by it, and as it were bred and born in it like the Crocodile in Nilus.

Thou brakest the heads of Levia­than in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabit­ing the wilderness.14 Even Pharaoh himself and all his armie utter­ly perished there, whose countrey of Egypt by the mightie over-flowings of that famous river, is as it were a Sea, and he the whale and master-fish there­in, even he with all his host was drowned in the red-sea, where whale-like he purposed to have devoured the whole Host of Israel, and cast up on that side to­wards the wilderness, where thy people were safe on shore, to be a prey to them and provision for them of many necessaries in that their journey towards Ca­naan through the wilderness, chiefly for their faith, to feed upon in all their after-straits and necessities, and their carcasses to be devoured by wild beasts and ra­venous birds.

Thou didst cleave the fountain and the floud: thou driedst up mightie rivers.15 Thou then wast pleased to work wonders eve­ry way for us, as well for our preservation against extremities of nature, hunger and cold, as from our enemies. Insomuch, as when thy people Israel ex­treamly provoked thee, yet wast thou gracious to them, and in their distress didst cleave the rock in Horeb, and after that too, and madest thence to flow sweet and plentiful streams for their refreshing, [Page 317] and supply of them and their cattel, and when they were to possess the promised land, thou didst make way through Jordan even then when it overflowed all its banks, for their entering into Canaan as thou didst before at the red-sea for their comming out of Aegypt, that is, madest it drie land for them to pass.

16, 17 Thou canst do but what thou wilt,The day is thine, the night also is thine; thou hast pre­pared the light and the sun. there are no bounds to thy power but thy will. Thou that rulest all times, and in all places, ordeining and order­ing day and night,Thou hast set all the borders of the earth: thou hast made summer and winter. sun, and moon, and stars in the hea­vens above, and hath scituated the earth, and the several climates thereof so as they are, accommoda­ting it, and the inhabitants thereof with meet and fruitful seasons of summer and winter.

18 Thou,Remember this, that the enemy hath reproched, O Lord, and that the foolish people have blasphe­med thy name. art the God whom we worship above all the World, thou that art thus Almightie, whilst our enemies worship stocks and stones; and yet they triumphing in their success reproch us with thee even with thee, O Lord, and this heathenish Ido­latrous nation magnifie their Gods above thee, be­cause they are now above us, saying, thou didst not, because thou couldest not, deliver us, and so bla­spheme thine omnipotencie, and nullifie thy very essence and being: Now, O Lord, as thou art severe to punish us, so forget not we pray thee to vindicate thine honour, and to plague them answerably to the greatness of their provocations.

19 Resume thy goodness toward us.O deliver not the soul of thy turtle­dove unto the multi­tude of the wicked, forget not the con­gregation of thy poor for ever. Thou hast but one spouse, one nation and people in all the World that by contract are married to thee, do not thou, O Lord, so far obdurate thy self a­gainst this wife of thy bosom, thine helpless and harmless Israel to expose her to a barbarous prophane [Page 318] nation to be preyed upon and devoured, as a Turtle by a Hawk, or a Lamb by a Wolf, but work their deliverance, and restauration, and forget not thy poor distressed and captived people, to leave them in that estate for ever.

Have respect un­to the covenant: for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruel­tie.20 But remember and fulfill the obligations of grace, thou boundest thy self in to our forefathers thy friends and servants, how thou wouldest be their God, and the God of their seed after them to bless them, which we are, even we that are now led captive out of the land of the living God, into the dark corners of the world amongst a people that know not the Lord; and that have as little true humanity as divi­nity, for, for thy sake, because, we belong to thee and worship thee, whom they neither know nor serve, are we used with all manner of barbarism and cruelty by them.

O let not the oppressed return a­shamed: let the poor and needy praise thy name.21 O let not no more now, then heretofore in Egypt, the pressures of thy people go unpunished, but mag­nifie thy power in our wonderfull deliverances and our enemies confusion, that for thy sake have re­proached us. Let us find thou art a God that hearest prayer, and fulfillest the desire of thy poor necessita­ted people, as well now as then, that as they, so we for our remarkable return to Canaan, may praise and magnifie thy power and greatness.

Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man re­procheth thee dayly.22 So much vilified by these heathenish wretches, if not for our sufferings yet for thine own, which we cannot chuse but lay to heart, however thou doest by us, O God, be intreated to vindicate thy self upon this prophane nation, that foolishly judging by success, magnifie themselves and their Gods, above us and ours, dayly hitting us in the teeth with thee.

[Page 319]23 We must needs put thee in mind again and a­gain,Forget not the voice of thine ene­mies: the tumult of those that rise up a­gainst thee increaseth continually. and ease our minds in opening our hearts and uttering our complaints unto thee, concerning what (to our unsupportable grief) we dayly see and hear from our enemies, how they roar it out against thee, the uncontrolable outragious carriage of those that have invaded and conquered us (and thee al­so as they think) by thy forbearance to punish them, and thy severitie to us, grows continually worse and worse. Lord take notice of it to plague them for it.

The lxxv. PSALM.

The Psalmist thankful for past, and confident of future good success minds God of the dangerous condition, Israel is in by intestine broils betwixt Davids house and that of Saul, bandied between Judah and the rest of the Tribes, and the destructive event that is like to come of it. But is confident it shall not last long, but that as he hath been, so he will still be Davids God and theirs, aad under his govern­ment will shortly s [...]ttle them in peace, religion, and righteousness. Ad­monishes the enemies of their opposition, both from the folly and dan­ger of it, for as David hath done alwayes hitherto against Saul, so shall he do still, prevail at last, and those that remain shall fall as he did.

A Psalm either made by Asaph himself prophetical­ly personating David and Christ,Psalm lxxv. To the chief musician, Al-taschith, A psalm or song of (or, for) Asaph. or by David and by him committed to Asaph, for him toge­ther with the President of the Quire, to order it to be sung and plaid by voices and instruments, The sum or substance whereof is comprised in this one word Al-taschith, signifying destroy not upon oc­casion of the difference that was long depending, betwixt the house of David and the house of Saul, and the bloud-shed of the people of Israel that was thereupon, which therefore the prophet would [Page 320] have to have a speedie end, and that the people may not longer be so destroyed.

UNto thee, O God, do we give thanks, unto thee do we give thanks, for that thy name is near, thy won­drous works declare.1 IT is thou, O Lord, that art our praise-worthie God, to thee will we that are thy faithful peo­ple give special and peculiar thanks, yea, to thee one­ly will we give them, and thy power and goodness toward us will we certainly celebrate, for that thou hast been a benigne and beneficent God to us, and spe­cially to me, the things thou hast done and the won­ders thou hast wrought for us in general, and for me in particular in the midst of so many enemies and great oppositions do sufficiently declare it, out of all which, and in all which thou hast still delivered and preserved us, and brought us to the dawnings of happier times than ever yet the Godly saw, which bode the near approch of the full complement thereof long since promised to thy people, and that shortly thou wilt be known by thy name Jehovah that givest being to all predictions, and promises recorded in thy word touching thy Churches well-being.

2 And therefore I am confident the time is at hand that I shall be King over all Israel which already is begun in part,When I shall re­ceive the congregati­on, I will judge up­rightly. and when I am so, it is my purpose and promise to walk worthie mine office, and the place I hold in thy Church in upright and just dispensations to thy people, in resemblance of that righteousness which Christ the Judge of all the World and King of his Church shall in behalf thereof administer.

3 Lord thou seest what a dissolution is like to be­fal us by these civil dissentions and destructions that ensue thereupon,The earth and all the inhabitants there­of are dissolved: I bear up the pi [...]lars of it. Selah. if they should continue, it would bring to ruine by consequence the whole World, for both [Page 321] this Church and Common-wealth, Land and People all would perish, for whom, and by whom the world subsists, and be utterly spoiled and wasted by them­selves or forreigners, that will take advantage there­of, if this disorder should last long: but I know its otherways determined by thee, for as the world sub­sists by them, so they and it by me, I am appointed to reduce this people into a better condition, I am he that must establish Religion and Justice amongst them in better times, and speedily reconcile in one Judah and Israel, though now at so great difference, by a peaceable and happy reign over both, as Christ the mediatorian King of his people at his coming, when things shall be at worst as now they are, shall Jews and Gentils, by a peaceable Government of his Church made up of both in the whole world, the partition-wall being broken down. This is certainly true.

4 I would fain have advised those,I said unto the fools, deal not foolish­ly; and to the wicked, lift not up your horn. that so unwisely go about to frustrate thy decrees concerning me by opposing my rise, to have desisted and saved both bloud and labour, and such as out of pride and perversness of spirit, are confident to prevail against me, notwithstanding, they see what a progress thou hast already made towards it, I being actuall King of Judah so considerable a Tribe, because they have all the rest to side with them, these I would gladly have rectified, and perswaded them; to a peaceable submis­sion to thy determination, and not with such pride and confidence in sublunary power, to wage war against thee.

5 And in such a manner to scorn and set light by me,Lift not up your horn on high; speak not with a stiff neck. as never likely to have any more than this single Tribe, nor that neither long; I have been thought [Page 322] meanly of heretofore, and was in an unlikely case as mine enemies thought then, ever to come to good, but you know what is come of them, and you see what a step I have made in despight of that great and general opposition, towards the Kingdom, and for all your high words and proud speeches, I am sure to have the rest as well as this, and the proud­est of you all shall submit to me and be subjected under my government, as reluctant, and renitant as you are to it.

For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.6 For no advancement of any man upon earth comes by meer chance, nor by humane power or po­licie, least of all this of mine, that I should become King over Israel in stead of Saul, this is not of man nor therefore to be hindred by man his power or po­licie.

But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.7 But it is God that in his righteous judgement punished his sin and rewarded mine innocencie, and who hath the sovereign imperial dispensation of all honours and preferments in his power, where­upon it is that this man is preferred, and not that, and that one man is abased and another advanced, even that Saul and his house must grow weaker and weaker, and I and my house must grow strong­er and stronger, do you what you can to the con­trarie.

For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup, and the wine is red: it is full of mix­ture, and he poureth out of the same: but the dregs thereof all the wicked of the earth shall wring them out, and drink them.8 For affliction is the portion of all men, all have sinned and all must feel the smart of it more or less; Gods anger is enkindled generally against all mankind, experience shews this, for who have not their share of sufferings? do Gods own people escape? no, his displea­sure [Page 323] lights oft times in this life very heavie, even upon them who drink, and that deep too of the cup of his justice and terrour, almost to their astonishment and inebriation; I know it to be true by what I have un­dergone. But though the godly may drink deep, yet not to the bottom, the worst is the last, and that is re­served for the ungodly, he may punish the good (who yet are bad enough) but he will destroy the wicked, and pour out all his indignation upon him, yea, his fierce wrath shall certainly overtake all such, Jews or Gentiles, as oppose the Kingdom of his Son, and re­fuse to submit to it, which I prefigure, in all ages and all places of the world, none shall scape the everlasting torments prepared for them, which they must and shall endure, besides what oft befalls them in this life, as you see by Saul, forced to lay violent hands upon himself.

9 This sad end hath he made,But I will declare for ever; I will sing praise to the God of Jacob. but though he was the persecutour and I the persecuted, yet, do I live to survive my miseries, and to inherit the promises, for which as I am bound, so I will not fail to publish at present, and to leave upon record for ever to all after ages of his Church, the glorious deliverances and wonderfull preservations he hath wrought for me, and will praise him for the faithfull performance of his covenant, and those gracious promises made of old to our forefathers, especially to Jacob and his seed, of whom we are more immediately discended, how that he would be their God, raise them a saviour, which I am to be, even the type of his annointed, the sole King and Saviour of his Church, Christ Jesus.

[Page 324] All the horns of the wicked also will I cut o [...]f; but the horns of the righteous shall be exalted.10 And as he in his spirituall Kingdom, so shall I in this my temporall be made able to suppress all re­bellious power, but such as submit to me (his figure and fore-runner) shall thereby be rendered happy and blessed, as the Church shall under him.

The lxxvi. PSALM.

The Psalmist illustrates the wonderfull & miraculous deliverance of Heze­kiah, and the inhabitants of Ierusalem, yea, indeed of all Israel, and the whole worship of God from being utterly destroyed by that blasphemous boasting army of Senacherib; by the immediate hand of God, destroying in one night a hundred four-score and five thousand: for which he magnifies the happy condition of Gods people, and God himself; and excites both Is­rael to be thankfull to their God, and the neighbour-nations to own and re­verence him, and their Kings to take warning, lest themselves be made examples in like sort.

Psalm lxxvi. To the chief musician, on Neginoth, a Psalm or song of (or, for) Asaph. A Psalm either made prophetically by Asaph him­self, or some other man of God, and by him com­mitted to Asaphs successours that bare his name, principally to him that is most skilfull upon the stringed instrument Neginoth, to which it is chiefly set, for his ordering it to be sung and plaied.

IN Judah is God known: his name is great in Israel.1 AS God is more especialy worshipped within the confines of Judah, so hath he most wonder­fully magnified and manifested himself there, by a most miraculous deliverance of his people out of the cruell hands of proud and potent invadours, which though it was acted in that Tribe, yet the God of all Israel did it, and ought to be magnified by them all joyntly for it, who are concerned all of them in it, and who are become terrible to their enemies, through the power and goodness of their God that wrought this great deliverance for them.

[Page 325]2 At Jerusalem aunciently called Salem there it was done,In Salem also is his Tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Sion. which is the place famous for it, and for the Tabernacle also which is in it, and for which Taber­nacle sake he did it, because of his residence and pre­sence there typified in his Ark, scituate upon mount Sion, signifying his vigorous and gracious defence and protection of his Church misticall, and every member of it, in whom he hath a reall and spirituall residence.

3 There it was when he wrought this wonderfull deliverance of his people,There brake he the arrows of the bow, the shield and the sword, and the battell. Selah. and defeat of their enemies. O the miserable slaughter and havock that from hea­ven by the hand of an Angel he made of that numer­ous army of Senacherib, which beseidged Jerusalem, infinite of men kild, and of armes broken, and spoild, as if it had been in a set battel; utterly ruined them. To his name be the praise.

4 It is true that the great and infinite armies of the Assirians,Thou art more glorious and excellent than the mountains of prey. have been too strong for diverse neighbour-nations, they have conquered them, plundered and preyed upon them at their pleasure, and enriched them­selves with their spoils, and destroied and burnt their Gods as they make their boasts, so that none could deliver out of their hands, but let them brag of what they have got at thine, this huge mountainous army, that thought it self able to carry all before it, thou Lord, hast given a stop to it, and approved thy self far beyond it for power and might.

5 For thou hast quite destroied it.The stout-hearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none of the men of might have found their hands. Those God­damme Gallants, that in the confidence of their strength, and pride of their hearts stuck not to blas­pheme thee before Jerusalem where thou art to be worshipped, how hast thou in a moment overthrown them, yea, so many thousands of them in one night by [Page 326] the stroke of death hast thou made to sleep their last, never to wake again, those mighty Warriours and stout Champions that were wont to conquer and kill whole nations, and a little before had boasted what they would do to us; when it stood then upon, they were not able to resist or abide the stroke of thine onely one destroying Angel, but perished without power to defend themselves, or oppose their assailant.

At thy rebuke; O God of Jacob, both the charriot and the horse are cast into a dead sleep.6 When thou that art the God of our father Jacob, and of Israel his seed, didst vouchsafe to appear in behalf of thy people, thy bare command without ever a stroke striking served the turn, to overturn and utterly to ruinate this invincible and potent army, yea, their Princes, Nobles, and mighty men, with all their military accommodations of Horses and Chariots, and whatsoever they most confided in.

Thou, even thou art to be feared, and who may stand in thy sight when once thou art angry?7 O that our faith might guide our fear, then should we not thus be startled at created Powers, that we see thou canst annihilate in a moment, thou, and thou onely hast power to kill, and save alive, and therefore art thou, and thou onely the object both of faith and fear, for who are able to abide the least frown of thy countenance, or one word of anger from thee, not this mighty army could not, when once thou wast disposed to hear the cries of thy peo­ple, and their proud blasphemies which incensed thee against them.

Thou didst cause iudgement to be heard from heaven: the earth feared and was still.8 Thou, Lord, didst this thing by such remarkable and clear evidence of thine immediate and omnipo­tent hand, as that none can share with thee in it, nor ascribe it to ought else besides thee, such extraordina­ry and strange vengeance didst thou take upon those [Page 327] blasphemous enemies, as if it had been with the stroke and terrour of a Thunder-bolt from heaven, and so terrifying it was to all nations where the fame of it came, (and it spread not a little ground, the re­port of this wonderfull overthrow of so mighty an army) as that none of them had the heart to invade us, but were quiet, and durst not stir though their fin­gers itched to be at us.

9 Upon Gods executing this just and fearfull judgement on the Assyrian army,When God arose to judgement to save all the meek of the earth. Selah. in rescue of his own poor distressed people, even all his whole Church, and faithfull servants at once which he had upon the face of the whole earth, that were in a helpless hopeless condition, and had no remedy left but prayer.

10 Surely,Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. Lord, thy servants need fear nothing but thee, for the rage and fury of thy peoples and Churches enemies, shall serve not for theirs, but their own destruction; thou shalt so order the matter, as that it shall prove but the ripening of their sins, and the hastening of thy righteous judgements upon their heads, and be occasion of thy peoples praises and thanksgivings to thee, and shalt so terribly af­fright others that are like minded towards thy Church, that they shall have no mind to meddle, when they hear so great an army, that gave out so great words and threats, could effect nothing, but came to such an end.

11 O Israel,Vow, and pay unto the Lord your God, let all that be round about him bring presents unto him that ought to be feared. and chiefly you inhabitants of Jerusa­lem, vow praises and thanksgivings to the Lord, for this unspeakable deliverance and miraculous pre­servation, and forget not to pay what you owe in that kind, let neither supine negligence [Page 328] now you are in peace and quietness, nor unfaithfull covetousness hinder your solemn returns to God, both with inward fervour and outward legall solem­nities and sacrifices, yea, let all the heathen people and nations round about, that hear of this wondrous work of God, do homage to him as the onely God, wor­thy to be worshipped and feared of all the world, even Israels God.

He shall cut off the spirit of Princes: he is terrible to the Kings of the earth.12 For as he hath done by these, so shall he do by others, even the Princes and Potentates of the earth, if they take not warning, thus they shall be served, it shall cost them their lives if they blaspheme and re­bell against God, contemn his worship, or distress his Church, in his wrath shall he destroy them suddainly, and make them a terrour to the Kings of the earth, like as he hath made Senacherib exemplary unto them.

The lxxvii. PSALM.

The Psalmist in grievous affliction and desertion labours to comfort himself with the success of former prayers in former distresses, and by parallel diffi­culty in prevailing then, so now; but is overpowered with the extremity and prolixity of his present grief, and the ineffectualness of his endeavours to mi­nister comfort to himself, which puts him upon an expostulatory interroga­ting himself, with some diffidence touching the nature and promise of God, for which he chides himself at last, takes up another resolution, and falls to work in a quite other way, incouraging himself by the faith of those very things, and experiences▪ God to his Church in their distress, which before he perverted and made use of to the encrease of diffidence.

Psalm lxxvii. To the chief musi [...]ian, to Jeduthun, A Psalm of Asaph. To Jeduthun one of the prime musicians, and the principall of all his lineage, do I Asaph that made [Page 329] this Psalm recommend it for the care and ordering of it to be sung.

1 O Lord,I cried unto God with my voice: even unto God with my voice, and he gave car unto me. how oft have I upon occasion put up my prayers unto thee, even continually in my di­stresses of what sort soever, I made thee still my san­ctuary, fled to thee by faithfull and fervent prayer, and I do not know the time that ever I went without mine errant, but was always heard and had my suite granted though long first and hardly gained.

2 I will remember what a troublous fit I had un­der a painfull disease,In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord; my sore ran in the night, and ceas­ed not: my soul refu­sed to be comforted. in what extremity I lay for a long time, both in pain of body and anguish of mind, finding neither remedy for the one, nor comfort for the other, though I sought to God earnestly and im­portunately in that my sad condition, yet I could have no ease, my pain was the same, and my soul, that no­thing else could comfort, could obtain no glimpse of Gods favour towards it, to quiet and refresh it with­all, for a long season.

3 Insomuch that I was even tired out with fruit­less solicitations,I remembred God and was troubled, I complained and my spirit was overwhelm­ed. Selah. I was in such misery, and found so little remedy though I prayed hard for it, as that at last, prayer it self became painfull to me. I could not think of going to God (having gone so oft and sped so ill) but it troubled me, when as all my com­plaints in so sad a condition moved nothing, it even killed my very heart. This case was I in, and to this extremity was I brought.

4 And as it was then,Thou holdest mine eyes waking; I am so troubled that I can­not speak. so is it now, thou hast cast me into such extream affliction and misery, that it doth not onely take up whole dayes, the pain of it, but whole nights too without any intermission, so that [Page 330] I can take no rest all the night long, and so from night to night, and I have praied so long and sped so ill, that the trouble of my mind hath even stopped my mouth. I can speak no more.

I have considered the days of old, the years of auncient times.5 I have cast about every way, and considered every thing that might make for my comfort, I have called to mind thy former gracious dispensations to thy people, and servants of old in their distresses, re­corded purposely for thy Churches benefit in suc­ceeding times.

I call to remem­brance my song in the night; I commune with my own heart, and my spirit made diligent sear [...]h.6 As also mine own former experiments, and hap­py changes which thou hast made of sorrow into joy and praise. I consider how many times thou hast ra­vished my heart with the sense of thy loving kindness, and made me lie awake in the night season, to bless and praise thee with a ravished heart, not to weep and lament as now I do, I think with my self what may comfort me, and call to mind all things of that na­ture, as also what should be the cause that no comfort can fasten, but that there is so great and so long an estrangement, and that I and comfort are so far asunder.

Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more?7 Insomuch as then I think with my self, surely I have seen all the comfort that ever I must have in this life; and yet I cannot conclude it neither, but the length and extremity of my grief makes me in some fear, and doubtfulness interrogate with my self, whe­ther or no it will ever be other, whether God is pur­posed thus to afflict me, and withdraw the signs and sense of his favour from me always?

Is his mercy clean gone for ever? doth his promise fail for evermore?8 Shall I never tast of mercy any more, but must I wear away under trouble and sorrow thus? shall his promise of pity and compassion where­upon [Page 331] I so much relie, be for ever ineffectuall to me?

9 Hath God quite forgotten me? can he so contra­ry to his nature let me thus pine away,Hath God forgot­ten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah. without any dispensation of his grace and compassion, hath he conceived such displeasure against me, as forever to shut the doore of mercy upon me? yea, shall he who is a God of bowels, and those bowels full of earnings towards his people in distress, shall he suffer himself to be inexorably transported with anger against me? Surely it cannot be, I thought so with my self.

10 And replied to all these my expostulatory in­terrogations,And I said, this is my infirmity, but I will remember the years of the right hand of the most high. that it was my frailty and folly thus to question the nature and faithfulness of God, and to live by sense more than by faith, and suffer my self to be transported by affliction into doubts and dis­comforts; and thereupon set my self to work in ano­ther way, resolved to take out a new lesson, and not onely by contemplation, but by faith and application to recall to mind for the chearing of my heart, and the stirring up my hope, what powerfull grace and great deliverances (the pledges of his future favours in like sort) God hath heretofore wrought and ex­hibited in his peoples behalf, when they were in ex­tremity, not suffering them to sink under them.

11 I will effectually recollect and consider what God hath done of that kind heretofore,I will remember the works of the Lord: surely I will remem­ber thy wonders of old. yea, how his peoples extremities were still his opportunities to give them wonderfull deliverance, and gain himself glory and honour, and so it shall be with me I doubt not.

12 I will more advisedly than ever I have done consider of thine infinite power,I will meditate also of all thy work, and talk of thy do­ings. and sup­port my self by it, not onely as it appears in acts [Page 332] of providence of auncient and later dispensations which is admirable, but in the creation also which thou deducedst out of nothing, and so thou canst any, raise me up though I were lower than I am; I will no more uncomfortably muse of thee and thy doings, and make a wrong use of them, that because heretofore thou hast done thus and thus, and dost not so now, and therefore thou never wilt, but that I shall surely sink and die in this distress; no, but I will both medi­tate and speak of them with chearfull apprehensions, and comfortable conclusions to my self, that because thus and thus it hath been with thy people, and so and so thou hast done for them, that these are pledges and assurances of thine unchangeable goodness and patterns of thy power, and that therefore so it shall be, and so thou wilt do for me also in like manner.

Thy way, O God, is in the sanctuary: who is so great a God as our God?13 O Lord, much debate I have had and reason­ings about thee and thy proceedings, but thy ways and the reasons of them I find are too profound for me, I confess my self too shallow to fathom thy dimensions, it is not reason but prayer, nor my wisdom but thine, that must quiet my mind, and inform me aright, for how can I that am an earth­worm here below, comprehend thy counsels and judgements that are transacted above in the hea­vens (inaccessible, as was thy sanctuary, or holy of holies) by thee who art an incomparable God, indeed the onely God that doest whatsoe­ver thou wilt both in heaven and earth, and who hast in nothing manifested thy greatness more than in thy goodness to, and powerfull preservation and deliverance of us thy people.

[Page 333]14 For whom thou doest not exercise common and ordinary providences,Thou art the God that doest won­ders; thou hast decla­red thy strength a­mong the people. but doest wonders, and workest miracles; thy power hath gloriously appeared more than once, by remarkable and astonishing at­chivements in thy peoples behalf upon their enemies, witness those mighty signs and wonders wherewith thou plaguest the Gentiles for their sakes sundry ways, and at sundry times.

15 With what power didst thou specially bring Is­rael out of Egypt?Thou hast with thine arm redeemed thy people, the sons of Jacob and Joseph. Se­lah. thou sentest Jacob and his sons thither in time of famin, to be preserved by Joseph whom thou there advancedst; but when Joseph was forgotten, his and his father Jacobs posterity, ill in­treated by cruell taskmasters there, how with the lives of the Egyptians, and the destruction of Egypt, didst thou redeem and deliver thy people thence? A mercy for ever to be recorded in the hearts of thy servants.

16 When as the waters of the red sea were so sensible of thy divine presence and power,The waters saw thee, O God, the wa­ters saw thee: they were afraid, t [...]e dept [...]s also were troubled. O God, that as if they had been afraid of thee, and of harm­ing thy people whom thou then conductedst, they ran away and divided themselves hither and thither, as it were to stand still, and with admiration to look on that marvellous passage of thy people through them, yea, not onely the superficies of the water was thus moved, but from the top to the very bottom was that great Abbiss removed at thy presence, and made way for the seed of Jacob and Joseph to pass on dry land.

17 What an amazement didst thou then put the Egyptians into on a sudden?The clouds pour­ed out water, the skies sent out a sound: thine arrows also went a­broad. when as in the morning-watch, thou lookedst into the host, through the pillar of fire and cloud, and didst arm the whole host of [Page 334] heaven against them tempestuously pouring forth rain, and emptying the clouds upon them, thunder­ing also over their heads, and flashing forth streams of lightning in their faces, as if it had been a shour of darts or arrows sent from heaven to destroy them.

The voice of thy thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightned the world, the earth trembled and shook.18 It is not to be expressed the terrour and trou­ble of that day, which made them say, Let us flie, for God fights for Israel against the Egyptians. What fearfull thunder-claps were in the skies, and flakes of fire with flashes of lightning that darkned the sun, and made the whole heavens seem to be of a light fire? the earth by its trembling and quaking, seemed to think the day of judgement was at hand, and that it was then to be consumed, and return to its nonensity. Every way, and by every thing, didst thou declare thy power to preserve thy people, & to deliver them with the destruction of their enemies the Egyptians, whom thou troubledst thus from above, and from beneath retarding their flight, till the sea overwhelmed them.

Thy way is in the sea, and thy path in the great waters, & thy foot-steps are not known.19 A memorable deliverance forever to be had in remembrance of thy people Israel, whether in letter or in spirit, the presence and power that there was mani­fested in their behalfs, conducting them safe through a way of thine own miraculous making, that never was gone before; through the sea it self, and after through Jordan, in like sort when it quite overflowed his banks. Submission, and not disputation best becomes us mor­talls in all conditions, that know not the ways of Gods providence, nor the reasons of them now, no more than the Israelites knew then, why he led them to the sea side to bring them into Canaan, nor do we know how thou wilt bring us out of our distresses which thou bringest us into, no more than they knew how [Page 335] thou wouldst deliver them in that their danger, when unknown to them thou openedst the sea for their passage.

20 And ledst them through it,Thou ledest thy people like a flock, by the hand of Moses & Aaron. by the conduct of Moses and Aaron, whom thou settest over them, and appointedst to be unto them as shepherds to a flock, with care and tenderness to lead them, provide for them, and transact betwixt thee and them throughout their travel in the wilderness, as Christ is to his Church and people all along their life.

The lxxviii. PSALM.

The Prophet after an attractive insinuating preamble to gain attention, for edification and caution from what shall be delivered, falleth to depaint as in a table, and in a compendious map to set forth the world of gracious pri­viledges, which peculiarly God hath bestowed and conferred on Israel, and the wonderfull unspeakable things he did for them, and the many miracu­lous mercies that he had vouchsafed to them from time to time, all along from Egypt to their establishment under David and Solomon. Together with their monstrous ingratitudes of gross unbelief, and rebellious provocati­ons endlesly persisted in, by all their forefathers throughout so many ages as expired betwixt their coming out of Egypt to those dayes. Also interweaves the just and terrible judgements of God acted upon them, though with much long-suffering and unwillingness, for those their unfaithfull and diso­bedient ingratitudes, with their feigned repentances, and constant back­slidings, and notwithstanding all, records Gods gracious perseverance to­wards them, and faithfull performance of his promise in bringing that Church and Kingdom unto so flourishing a condition, as it enjoyed under David and Solomon. Psalm lxxviii. Maschil of (or, for) Asaph.

A Psalm, advertising the people of Israel of Gods mighty works and singular favours to their fore­fathers, and their ill requitals of them: made proba­bly by Asaph the seer, or some other holy man of God, and committed to his successours that bare his name.

1 THus saith the Lord,GIve ear, O my people, to my law; encline your ears to the words of my mouth. by me his Pro­phet, hearken diligently to the do­ctrine that I am about to teach you, give [Page 336] good attention to what I shall speak, for it is of con­cernment to you.

I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old.2 Though it was acted long before your time; For that I am about to deliver doctrinall truths, couched in historicall examples, transacted and re­corded of old, but of good use for ever.

Which we have heard and known: and our fathers have told us.3 It is what hath been inculcated continually, by our fathers, and their fore-fathers successively, from age to age have these things been taught and pressed, the godly in every generation have been carefull to derive the knowledge of them to their posterity, for their benefit and the glory of God.

We will not hide them from their chil­dren, shewing to the generation to come, the praises of the Lord: and his strength and his wonderfull works that he hath done.4 And as it hath been transmitted to us by them, with intention to pass it down throughout all the ge­nerations of Israel, accordingly let us also that are their children, hand it still down-ward to our posteri­ty and theirs, even the doctrin of the prais-worthy acts of God, those powerfull deliverances that he wrought, and miraculous mercies he vouchsafed his people in times past.

For he established a testimony in Ja [...]ob, and ap [...]ointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fa­thers: that they should make them known to their children.5 For this was not done as a bare arbitrary act of care by our parents, but as a duty also laid upon them by God, who gave them in charge to do so, as also to transfer his holy covenant made up of command­ments and promises, both by doctrine, and exempla­ry observation of faith and obedience down to their children.

That the genera­tion to come might know them, even the children which should be born: who should arise & declare them to their children.6 That so the next generation following might learn what to know, and how to do, by the early teaching and good example of the next fore-go­ing, that so they also being well instructed, and timely trained up in their tender years, might grow so ripe and perfect, as also in like sort to [Page 337] convey them to their children, as they received them from their fathers.

7 To the end that all of us from first to last,That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of God: but keep his command­ments. might learn to fix our hope and confidence upon the Lord alone, and believe in him, as a gracious and al-suffici­ent God unto us throughout all ages, and in all condi­tions, considering and ever bearing in mind what he had don for our fore-fathers, what wonders he had wrought for them, to be standing presidents and pledges to posteritie, that so they might be well ac­quainted both with his works and word, by the one, to learn to believe in him, and by the other, to reverence and obey him.

8 Thus the godly Patriarks,And might not be as their fathers, a stubbourn and rebelli­ous generation: a ge­neration that set not their hearts aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. Prophets, and teach­ers of old were wont to do, take pains to indoctrinate youth in the works and waies of God, to keep still alive a godly seed, a spiritual people to the Lord, that might not be as was for most part their fore-fa­thers, for all their good instructions, an untractable, stiff-necked, unbelieving people as lived upon the earth, refusing their own mercies, murmuring, and rebelling against God, his magistrates, ministers, and oppug­ning all that would have done them good, and made them happy, who, for all that God did, or could do for them, which were admirable things, and marvel­ous mercies, he could not gain them heartily and sin­cerely to be his, so as to believe in him stedfastly, love him cordially, and obey him uprightly, but were with every temptation drawn away from him, to distrust him, and to imbrace sin and Idolatrie, rather than his worship and service.

9 In so much as the children of Ephraim,The children of Ephraim being armed and carrying bowes: turned back in the day of battel. though strong enough in men and arms, furnished with those [Page 338] kind of weapons, and skill to use them, wherewith they were able to gall and beat back the enemy at a distance, and never come to handle blows; yet how cowardly, being degenerated in faith and good conscience, did they by the just judgement of God turn their backs and flie before their enemies, the Philistines, and cau­sed the rest to do so too, even to the loosing of the Ark, chiefly intrusted in their Tribe; and after for their sinfull revolting from the true worship of God to Jeroboams Idolotrous calves, how did they and their partizans, the ten Tribes fall before the enemie, and wast away until they were led captive and extinct. Let us beware.

They kept not the covenant of God: and refused to walk in his law.10 They totally fell off from God, to whom they were tyed by all manner of bonds, even by special con­tract and covenant, mutually stipulated betwixt God and them, he promising to be their protector and de­liverer, and they to believe in him as such, than which they did nothing less; and no wonder, when as they had quite forsaken him, his Tabernacle-worship at Shiloh, and his Temple at Jerusalem, and took to high places, & Jeroboams calves, nor would they be reclaim­ed by any thing God could do, or his Prophets say.

And forgat his works: and his won­ders that he had shew­ed them.11 Most ungratefully turning their back upon, and forsaking that God that had done such wonders for his people, whereof they were both eye, and ear-wit­nesses, for they were not ignorant of what he did of old, as well as of late, the wonders and the great things that were done by him they knew well enough, but they set light by them, let them slip out of memory, and note, though well enough instructed in them by our godly forefathers.

Marvellous things did he in the sight of their fathers: in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan.12 Who ever were carefull to derive the memory [Page 339] and notice of such mercies down to posteritie, though for the generalitie, Israel, as well in the twelve, as in the ten Tribes, hath ever been of a degenerate revolting disposition from God, (which should caution us to be careful;) for we have heard of the marvellous miracles God wrought before their faces, and for their sakes, the wonderfull plagues he brought upon the Egypti­ans, both King and people, citie and countrey, all the land over, even in the very Court, and royal citie it self, whilest yet, they in Goshen felt no harm.

13 And to secure them,He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through: and he made the waters to stand as a heap. after he had brought them out from Pharaoh and his host, who pursued them; why? he quite changed the course of nature, turned water into dry land, and made the sea it self, foardable for them, fixing those fluid waters like stone walls on each hand of them, whilest they passed through with ease and safetie.

14 Nor did he leave them there,In the day time also he led them with a cloud: and all the night with a light of fire. but conducted them himself along the wilderness, and gave them emi­nent and special tokens of his presence with them, as a guid and protector to them in the day time, by reason of the scorching sun, going before them, encompassing, and over-shadowing them with a cool refreshing cloud from morning to night; a Baptismal pledge of Christ his gracious interposing and protecting his faithfull people from the justice and wrath of God, and there­fore ought to have been the more set by; as also in the night time by a pillar of fire, lightening them when the sun was down, so that both night and day, God was carefull of them, as Christ will be of his in all times and states.

15 Once and again did God by Moses open,He clave the rocks in the wilder­ness: and gave them drink as out of the great depths. as before the waters for dry land, so now the dry and stony rocks [Page 340] to give them and their cattel water in the wilderness, when they were necessitated with thirst, he miracu­lously supplied them (as Christ will spiritually his peo­ple) out of the inmost parts of the earth, in that dry and sandie wilderness, where naturally were few or no veins or springs of water.

He brought streams also out of the rock: and caused wa­ters to run down like rivers.16 In this unlikely place, yea, out of the very rocks in the wilderness did he bring them water in such a­bundance, that upon a sudden it ran like a stream, and had as perfect a current, as if it had been an ancient ri­ver in a known channel.

And they sinned yet more against him: by provoking the most high in the wilderness.17 And they well requited him, for as he in mercie multiplied miracles for them, they multiplied sins a­gainst him, every foot provoking him by murmuring against, and misbelieving the most high and mighty Lord God, even in that very place where he was so specially present with them, and for them in their pro­tection and supply.

And they tempt­ed God in their hearts: by asking meat for their lust.18 Their carnal hearts not making spiritual use of any the things God did for them, either by returning the praise and thanks they were worthy of, or im­proving them to the increase of faith, nor picking out the spiritual kernel and Gospel-sense, that lay hid in those misterious, yet significant mercies; but for car­nal ends, for lust sake, putting God to it to shew forth his omnipotencie, and to work still more and more miracles for them, and yet believing never the more in him neither, nor having never the more contented minds for having him their God so present with them, and powerful for them, but if at any time they had not what they would, they would be discontent at what they had, murmuring at Manna, because they had not flesh also to please their carnal appetite.

[Page 341]19 Despising Manna that glorious type of Christ,Yea, they spake against God: they said, Can God furnish a ta­ble in the wilderness? speaking against it, and against him that gave it, quar­relling God for what they wanted, but blessed him not for that they had; and not onely quarrelled him, but also questioned his power, thinking because it was their wills to have it, that therefore either it was not just in God to deny it, or that else it was his will to have given it if he could have done it; and so they li­mited his good will towards them, and power for them to just so much, and no more as at present he did for them, thinking that he did not love them, if he did not please them, and every while stitch saying, can God do this, and can God give that? he hath given us bread and water, but can he give us variety of meats to such as we had in Egypt? can he please our palates, as well as sustain our natures? No, he cannot: so they quarrelled his providence, and blasphemed his omnipotence.

20 They could not but acknowledge what he had done to be very great things,Behold, he sm [...]te the rock, that the wa­ters gushed out, & the streams over-flowed: can he give bread also? can he provide flesh for his people. and to argue him to be no less than omnipotent, and yet they could not believe in him one jot further than what they saw already done to their hands, but upon the very next occasion que­stioned the self same power that but ere-while they a­dored and admired, quite perverting the use they ought to have made, for instead of arguing from his will to his power, thus, he that gave water enough, if he please can give bread also, and he that gave bread enough, can give flesh; and if not, seeing he does not, because he will not, we ought to submit. They on the contrary, argue from his power to his will, and say presumpti­ously; He that could give us water, no doubt if he could, would give us bread too; and he that gave us [Page 342] bread, would if he could give us flesh, for that we are the self-same people related to him, and he to us; but seeing he does not, therefore he cannot, or if he can, why does he not? we will not believe it, except we see it.

Therefore the Lord heard this and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel.21 Seeing they would never cease provoking God, nor learn to believe and submit, but still every foot murmur, quarrel, and question him; he there­fore could hold no longer, but however he was willingly deaf to them once and again, yet he could not alwaies bear them, (though they were his people, and for Jocobs sake was loth to punish them,) but at last let them know he saw, and heard their carriage before, but passed it over in si­lence and patience, which now he would do no longer, but made it appear how ill he resented their baseness by inflicting both a severe and strange kind of punishment upon them, even a fire, the fire of the Lord burnt amongst them at Taberah, kindled and maintained by, and from the anger of the Almighty, which fearfully flaming up towards heaven, consumed many of them that were in the uttermost parts of the camp of Israel.

Because they be­lieved not in God: and trusted not in his sal­vation.22 Because they submitted not themselves to God with quiet and contented minds, in the faith of his pow­er and promise, and assured hope of his grace and pro­vidence to be answerable in their behalfs for their pre­servation and provision, still as there was cause.

Though he had commanded the clouds from above: and open­ed the doors of hea­ven.23 24 Although their eyes were witnesses, what God in their necessities had done already, as to bread, how he had strangely altered the course of nature for them;And had rained down Manna upon them to eat: and had given them of the corn of heaven. for whereas the corn that sustains us ordinarily, and naturally grows out of the ground, God at this [Page 343] time and place in their need, extraordinarily ordained the clouds over their heads plentifully from heaven, to distil down Manna which fell round about their camp, and lay like dew upon the earth for them to gather, thus miraculously did God send them provision for their hunger, as it were corn from heaven to sustain them.

25 Insomuch as that rather than God would break his word,Man did eat an­gels food: he sent them meat to the full. or suffer them to perish for want of suste­nance, he did supernaturally supply them; and whereas he could have done it with materials of nature, terre­strial corn or bread, he chose rather to do it with the bread of heaven, such food as nature never did pro­duce, extraordinary provision, as well as in an extraor­dinary way, descended from the heavenly mansion of the blessed angels, to shew in what a degree of honour and amity, God admits his chosen people that are on earth, fellow-servants, and of the same houshould with the angels, whereof God is the Lord, as really by faith feeding them with Christ the son of God, that spiritu­al soul-sustaining bread of life (Mediator of angels and men) figured by Manna, as the angels do feed their eyes and desires in continually behold­ing him in heaven, and are there sustained by him in that their blessed and unchangeable state; nay, he gave them not onely bread, but flesh too in a­bundance.

26 27 28 For in regard they tempted him,He caused an East-wind to blow in the heavens: and by his power he brought the South-wind. and mis-doubted his power to do it, therefore to vin­dicate his omnipotencie, (not in favour and re­spect to them▪) he by a South-west wind which he then raised,He rained flesh also upon them as dust: and feathered fowls like the sand of the sea. and caused to blow full upon the place where they pitched from the sea-ward,And he let it fall in the middest of their camp: r [...]und about their habitations. [Page 344] brought home to their doors infinite of Quails, which fell as thick as rain, and lay for a days journey like sea sand round about their camp at Kibroth-hatta­avah two cubits high upon the face of the earth.

So they did eat▪ and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire.29 30 So that they both saw, and felt by experi­ence, that God could do what they thought he could not,They were not estranged from their lust: but whilest the meat was in their mouths. even furnish a table in the wilderness with dainties, far fetched upon the wings of the wind, such as they fed not on in Egypt, whereof they had plenty, and eat their fill; for God stinted them not, but gave them enough to glut themselves, (and so they did) of that they so inordinately desired, not to sustain or suffice nature, but to palliate their lusts, wherein God gave them the full length of teather, abridged them not; but withall, this sweet meat had sowre sauce; even whilest these unbelievers were greedily feeding upon these dainties, without confessing their sin, and giving the glory to God,

The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them: and smote down the chosen men o [...] Israel.31 The wrath of the Lord was kindled against them, and the Lord smote the people with a very great plague, which God so disposed, as that it chiefly swept away the more insolent carnal-minded ringleaders in this mutiny; they that having been used to dainties in in Egypt, could not be without them in the wilderness, but whether God would or not must have them, or murmur and quarrel for want of them, and set the rest to do so too; these chief mutiners principal men in the camp of Israel, did God chiefly slay by the plague, to affright the rest.

For all this they sinned st [...]ll: and be­lieved not for his wonderous works.32 But nothing could reclaim this stubborn peo­ple, nothing that God could do for them, or a­gainst them, no blessings though miraculous, [Page 345] no punishments though never so formidable and capi­tal, could do good upon them, to make them leave their murmuring, and live by faith.

33 Therefore whereas he promised them Canaan,Ther [...]fore their days did he consume in vanity: and their years in trouble. if they had believed in him, and been obedient to him; contrarily he adjudged them to wander out their days in that wilderness where they so murmured and misbelieved; even all in effect that came out of E­gypt, wasted out their lives in a vain unprofitable pil­grimage there, to their exceeding great trouble, and in Gods disfavour for forty years space after they were arrived at the skirts of Canaan, in which time they were all destroyed by their sins, and Gods just judgements.

34 They were a people that God could do no good on by mercies and benefits,When he slew them, then they sought him: and they return­ed and enquired ear­ly after God. but the better he was, the worse they were, onely when for their rebelliousness God was forced to fall heavy upon them, and to de­stroy them, sometimes by one judgement, some­times by another; then upon the same principles that before they murmured against him, would they then seek unto him; the one, for self-pleasing, the other for self-saving: when the fire was burning, and the plague consuming, then down on their knees, and up with their hands, promising any thing to be spared; Oh, what a reformed, and changed people they will be! then they post as fast as they can to Moses to pray for them, and save their carcasses, and desiring but to know their sin; Oh, how would they then repent of it and their duty! how they might but please God for the time to come, and they would never fail to perform it!

[Page 346] And they re­membred that God was their rock: and the high God their re­deemer.35 Then there was none but God with them, they could then remember all the great deliverances he had wrought for them, and recount them one by one, how this time, and the other time God saved them from be­ing destroyed by their enemies, and his own judge­ments; then they could give him his titles, and acknow­ledge his attributes of Sovereignty and Omnipotencie; he that they never thought well of, nor could afford a good word, now is becom their onely saviour, they cannot say too much of him, nor give too much to him.

Nevertheless, they did [...]latter him with th [...]ir m [...]uth: and they lyed unto him with their to [...]gue [...].36 But all this was but to deceive God, to carry fair towards him to work their ends upon him, pretending sorrow for sin, and resolution of amendment, when as all that was spoken by them was but from teeth out­ward, so long as the blow smarted, never meant as they spake, nor made good any thing they said.

For their heart was not right with him: neither were they stedfast in his covenant.37 For all was but pretences to serve their own turns, there was no true inward remorse for all their shew of sorrow, nor no sincere change, for all their fair promises, their hearts were as wicked as ever, and as bad principled towards God, breaking promises as fast as they made them, yea, the grand charter, the covenant it self so solemnly contracted,, and so often renewed between God, their fore-fathers, and themselves; that God would be their God, and that they would be his people, and walk thereafter; this they made not good, but notwithstanding all Gods promises to them, and theirs to him, they sinned a­gainst him, deviated from him, and falsified with him,

But he being full of compa [...]ion, forgave their iniqui­tie, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.38 But the Lord having chosen them for his peo­ple, and remembring the ancient league of amity and friendship that was betwixt him, and their fore-fa­thers, [Page 347] could not find in his heart to do to them as their sins deserved, but being a people that for his names sake he would be good unto, and preserve himself a Church and holy seed amongst, he from time to time with patience and pitie overcame their provocations, and his own hot displeasure that justice called to de­stroy them; but mercie staid his hands, and mode­rated his furie,, so that his punishments were rather examplary than otherwise, never destroying all that of­fended, which yet justice called upon his wrath to do a­gain and again.

39 For the Lord knew if he should give way to his anger according to the instigation of his justice,For he remem­bered that they were but flesh: a wind that passeth away and com­eth not again. and their demerit, they that were mortal and short lived by nature, would quickly perish under his hand, and come to nought, even in a moment, if he took that course, he should destitute himself for ever of a Church and people upon earth, and quite overthrow the design of his grace, for of them Christ was to come, which must not be frustrated.

40 There is evident testimony of Gods long-suffer­ing,How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness: and grieve him in the de­sert. for how oft did they provoke him, murmuring and quarrelling time after time in the wilderness, where God did miracle after miracle for their sakes, and still they were the same men persisting to sin against God, and by their ungratefull unbelief, and stubbornness to grieve his patience, and irritate his anger, even there where they were so at his mercy, having nothing supplied to them by art and nature, but were at his immediate finding, who notwithstanding all their provocations there, did either provide them food and raiment, for which they neither digged nor span.

[Page 348] Yea, they turn­ed back and tempted God: and limited the holy one of Israel.41 Yea, they appostatiz'd many and many a time, breaking all ingagements, and committing old sins upon new occasions, never wanting any thing, but presently fall a murmuring; yea, they threatened God to go back into Egypt again, if they might not have their wills in the wilderness, and thus provoked, and tempted him to destroy them, that would fain have saved them, every foot questi­oning, and mis-believing his power, faithfulness, and good-will towards them, notwithstanding his gracious promises, and wonderfull perfor­mances, if they had not all things they had a mind to.

They remembered not his hand: nor the day when he deliver­ed them from the e­nemy.42 And the cause of this was, because they were a sinfull ungratefull people, never heeding mercies long­er than God wrought them, nor valuing them for a­ny other end, than self-pleasing and preservation, never regarding them as to God, or the bettering of their faith, and obedience unto him, but so soon as they had suck'd the honey, they despised the flower: all mer­cies (though miracles) were transient things peri­shed in the deed done, even that great one, when with such an out-streched arm he brought them out of Egypt, and set them free from Pharaoh, the very day and hour whereof they ought never to have forgotten.

How he had wrought his signs in Egypt: and his won­ders in the field of Zo­an.43 Yea, every jot of that wonderfull deliverance ought to have been treasured up in everlasting remem­berance, which yet was quite forgotten, what clu­sters of miracles there grew upon the stem of that one onely deliverance? what clear tokens of his omni­potent power and goodness he made to appear then, and there in his peoples behalf, by those [Page 349] ten plagues brought successively, for their sakes, upon the King and kingdom of Egypt, in Court and coun­trey; The story is well known, but not so well re­membered.

44 How miraculously he turned all the waters of Egypt into bloud by the stroke of Moses his rod,And had turn­ed their rivers into bloud: and their flouds that they could not d [...]ink. the famous over-flowing river of that countrey, with all their lesser streams; yea, their ponds, and cisterns al­so all the land over was turned into bloud, so that the fish died, the river stunck, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water, no not of Nilus, whose streams could not purge it.

45 Also when that would not do to get Israels re­lease,He sent divers sorts of flies among them, which devoured them: and frogs which destroyed them. he multiplied more plagues upon them, sent grie­vous swarms of several sorts of promiscuous venemous flies, and noisom worms into the house of Pharaoh, and of his servants, and into all the land of Egypt, so that the land was corrupted with them, and many of the Egyptians destroyed by them. Aaron also brought frogs out of the waters of Egypt so abundantly, that they covered the whole land, went up into Pharaohs house, his bed-chamber and bed, and into the house of his servants and people, their ovens and kneading-troughs, yea, crept upon the person and persons of the King and people, and destroyed many.

46 He also utterly destroyed the fruits of the earth,He gave also their increase unto the catterpiller: and their labour unto the locust. to the loss both of their husbandry & harvest, by send­ing (upon Moses his streching out his rod over the land of Egypt) an East-wind over all the land which brought into, and scattered all over Egypt such infinite of ca­terpillars and locusts exceeding grievous, never was there any such, nor shall be, covering the face of the whole earth, darkening the land, devouring every green [Page 350] thing both upon the ground, and growing on trees, hearbs and fruits.

He destroyed their vines with hail: and their syromore trees with frost.47, 48. He furthermore sent so terrible a hail, and great quantities of hard frozen ice as brake the trees, vines, and sycomores, destroyed the hearbs, yea, the very men and beasts that were in the field;He gave their cattel also to the hail: and their flocks to hot thunderbolts. for it came tempestuously, accompanied with thunder and fire that ran along upon the ground; so that there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, terribly tor­menting and destroying all it light on.

He cast upon them the fierceness of his anger: wrath and indignation, and trou­ble, by sending evil angels among them.49 God did infinite of waies magnifie and manifest the power and terrour of his wrath, indignation, and anger, and the ardencie of it also against those enemies of his people, to be as an everlasting monument to his Church, of his love and care over them, and to their enemies of his fearfull displeasure: for in the fierce­ness of his wrath he gave them into the power of the Prince of the air, and his emissarie, evil angels, by whose means and operation many of those judge­ments which were inflicted upon Egypt, were wrought and terribly executed.

He made a way to his anger, he spared not their soul from death: but gave their life over to the pesti­lence.50, 51. These plagues, and more than these he sent upon the Egyptians, which yet were all but fore-run­ners of the last, which was worst, and most capital of all the rest;And smote all the first-born of E­gypt▪ the chief of their strength in the taber­nacles of Ham. wherein his anger did most appear, when as he sent a plague amongst them, that at midnight de­stroyed the first-born in every house, and caused such lamentation in Egypt, as never was, nor shall be the like; for each father and mother there, lost the first-begotten, their dearest child, the staff of their age, the flower of Egypt, throughout all the fami­lies of that cursed people who were the posteri­tie of Mizraim, second son to Ham, cruel op­pressours [Page 331] and mortal enemies to the Church and Isra­el of God.

52 The posteritie of Sem,But made his own people to go forth like sheep: and guided them in the wilderness like a flock. whom God chose to be a people to him peculiarly related; his own both by choise and covenant, and these in despight of their en­mitie to them, and empire over them, he conducted by the guidance of Moses and Aaron (himself especially being present) out of Egypt from under their bur­thens, and from amongst their cruel task-masters, even every man, woman, and child of them (as loth as Pha­raoh was to part with them) into the wilderness through the red sea, where he had most tender care of them to protect them, and provide for them as a sheep­heard over his sheep.

53 And for all that Pharaoh with his power and malice could do,And he led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea over-whelmed their e­nemies. God preserved them, as he could not keep them in Egypt, so nor overtake them when they went thence (though in eager pursuit after them) to do them any hurt, for God made them a passage through the sea it self, where they went safely, and without fear of drowning, but Pharaoh and his whole host were o­ver-whelmed in those waters.

54 After that he had led them from station to sta­tion,And he brought them to the border of his sanctuary: even to his mountain, which his right hand had purchased. provided for them time after time, preserved and defended them from one enemy after another, till he brought them safe to the very skirts of Canaan, the type of heaven, a land long before promised them, and designed for the special place of his worship, and residence of his Church; where when they were ready to enter, and he to give them possession, how did they then also murmur and disbelieve? so that that gene­ration was not permitted to enter, but wandered in the wilderness till they perished there, but their [Page 352] posteritie lived to enjoy it: God brought them into possession of this promised land, by as great victories and miracles, as their fore-fathers had seen in Egypt, and the wilderness; casting out the inhabitants from before them in every place where they came; yea, the scornfull self-confident Jebusites, by the hands of his servant David, whom he made able to dislodge them from of mount Sion, that strong fort so long detained, and possess it for his special use and ser­vice, placing his Sanctuary there.

He c [...]st out the h [...]athen also be [...]ore them, an [...] divided th [...]m a [...] inheritance by [...]: and made the tribes of Israel to dwel in their tents.55 As great and gyant-like as the natives of Cana­an were, and as high and strong as were the walls, yet God made way for his people to pass through the land, as conquerours where ever they came, no enemy could stand before them, but were either put to flight, or taken and killed. So that they were enriched with the spoils of the land which they became Lords and masters of: the heathen-native Canaanites (by Gods just judgements, and mighty power) being ejected, the whole countrie was apportioned amongst them as they thought good, each tribe being possessed of those cities, towns, and houses that fell to their lot, which were built to their hands.

Yet they tempt­ed and provoked the most high God: and kept not his testimo­nies.56 Yet these Israelites to whom God gave posses­sion of this promised land, notwithstanding all the wondrous works he wrought for them, and the terri­ble judgements they saw executed before their faces, and by their very hands upon their Idolatrous ene­mies; yet did they from time to time, even in the land of Canaan, do as did their fore-fathers in the way thi­ther, provoke the Lord to anger, even the God of whom they had had such experience for his power to punish them in case they sinned, and faithfulness to [Page 353] fulfil his promise, in case they believed and obeyed, which they did neither.

57 Never cared for God further than to serve their turns upon him,But turned back and delt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bowe. when they had need of him, then they could flatter and dissemble with fair promises, and pretended good affections just as did their forefathers, and made good nothing they said, but fell off present­ly from God, both disbelieved and disobeyed as did their perfidious ancestours before them, whom there­fore God destroyed in the wilderness and would not suffer to enter Canaan, which yet he gave to these their posteritie, in hope they would take example from their predecessours sins and his punishments, to walk more closely and believe more firmly: But they utterly deceived his expectation, and warped from the rule he gave them to walk by, both in faith and manners, as an arrow deviates from the mark when shot by an unsteadie hand, or out of a crooked wry­cast bow.

58 For in stead of frequenting his tabernacle,For they pro­voked him to anger with their high pla­ces: and moved him to jealousie with their graven images. to worship him there as he appointed, they built altars in high places, an invention of their own, not com­manded of God, and so provoked God to anger by worshipping, not onely the true God in a false man­ner, but even other Gods, graven images, strange things for the chosen people of the living and great God to worship, especially after such and so wonder­ful declarations of himself and his power, whereby they grievously incensed him, to see them go a who­ring in this sort, to whom he bare such conjugal affe­ctions, being his onely spouse, and of whose recipro­cal respect and love to him he was so jealous.

59 When the Lord saw this and heard the crie ofWhen God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel. [Page 354] their ungrateful back-sliding in this manner come up to heaven, he could not hold, but grew extream an­grie at such base abuse and rejection of him, and the more he had loved them, the more now upon this occasion he hated and abhorred his own chosen Is­rael.

So that he for­sook the tabernacle of Shiloh, the tent which he placed among men.60 So that having cast off his people that would not worship him, he cast off the place too where he was to be worshipped, afforded no protection to Shiloh nor presence there, where the Ark and Taber­nacle had been so long the pledge of his presence, where he hath vouchsafed to dwell and onely there of all the earth, in his Tabernacle as in a tent, whom the heaven of heavens cannot contain.

And delivered his strength into ca­ptivitie, and his glo­rie into the enemies hand.61 But in anger and discontent at such ingrati­tude and neglect, from a people that he had done so much for, and took such delight in, he at last even gave up his Ark, that pledge of his presence, and con­sequently of his gracious and powerful assistance, by which and for which he had given them so many de­liverances from and victories over their enemies, in­to their enemies hand, whom he then made abso­lute victors over them and the Ark too, suffering the Philistines to take it prisoner, and carrie it away ca­ptive into their own countrey, and so left Israel na­ked and destitute of divine power and protection, and stript off the visible sign of the presence of the invi­sible God amongst them and for them, a most glo­rious priviledge afforded them above and beyond all the whole World, which they lost; and the Phili­stines (in punishment of their sins and to the everla­sting shame and reproch of their cowardise, specially Ephraims) took and carried from them.

[Page 355]62 And to shew their strength was gone when God had left them,He gave his peo­ple over also unto the sword: and was wroth with his inheritance. and suffered his Ark, the token both of him and it, to be taken by the uncircum­cised Philistines, and how little he cared for them that cared not for him, he utterly forsook his peo­ple that day, and let the enemie kill and slay as they would themselves, so that there fell that day at Eben-Ezer thirtie thousand foot-men, they cowardly desert­ing the battel and fled every man to his tent, and this was the issue of their provoking God to anger, they lost him and themselves too.

63 For the jealousie of the Lord which was kind­led against them suddenly consumed them,The fire con­sumed their young men: and their maid­ens were not given in marriage. in his fierce displeasure did he expose them to the merci­less sword of the Philistines, which hewed down so many thousands of the choice young men of Israel that day, which so unpeopled them that the maids could not have husbands, there not being men enow to marrie them, nor if there had, would those times (the saddest that ever befel Israel) have been opor­tune for bride-feasts, when all eyes were full of tears, and hearts full of sorrow at so great disaster upon such a slaughter, and the loss of the Ark of God their strength and glorie?

64 At which time also Hophni and Phinehas,Their priests fell by the sword: and their widows made no lamentation. the two sons of Eli, that waited upon the Ark were like­wise slain, wose widows were so transported with the loss of the Ark, as the loss of their husbands was swallowed up in it; for Phinehas his wife giving up the ghost at the dolour of it, her last words were, The glorie is departed from Israel for the Ark of God is taken: forgetting her husband.

65 The Lord himself was amazed at what wasThen the Lord awaked as one out of sleep: and like a mightie man that shouteth by reason of wine. [Page 356] done, to see himself as it were taken prisoner, his strength gone like Sampsons, and as it were a bind­ing by the Philistines to be made their pastime and reproch, as he was: whereupon the Lord, whom the Philistines thought they had vanquished as well as his people, having the Ark their prisoner, or that he had quite cast off care either of it or them, on a sudden he alone fell foul upon the Philistines, by his own imme­diate power in their own countrey, he took them to task for the rescue of his Ark, and vindicating his ho­nour from their insolencies, and laid about him like Sampson awakened out of his sleep when his strength was upon him, or as some mightie Giant enraged and transported with wine and passion, dealing judge­ments on all hands to every Town and people, Lords and Commons where the Ark came, at Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron, destroying them with deadly destruction, so that their crie went up to heaven.

And he smote his enemies in the hin­der parts: he put them to a perpetual re­proch.66 For the plague he sent amonst them made them die a pace, tormented with grievous pain and horrour, the disease being sore Emerods in their secret hinder parts. Neither could their God Dagon stand before it, but paid his head in homage to it when it came in­to his house; so that the Ark made such destruction wheresoever it came of them and their Gods, that these great conquerours made no brags of their booty, but sent it home again, and glad they were to be rid of it; accompanied with the Images and representa­tions of those so shameful Emerods in their secret parts, by the advice of their priests sent as a trespass-offering, but ordered by providence to be indeed a perpetual monument and memorial among the Israe­lites of that disgraceful punishment and ignominious [Page 357] disease God inflicted on them, to whom they to their own shame were thus enforced to give glorie, even to the God of Israel, and ask him pardon, whom they thought they had overcome and taken prisoner, when they had his Ark captive.

67 But though God thus plagued his enemies,Moreover, he re­fused the Tabernacle of Joseph: and chose not the tribe of E­phraim. and rescued his Ark out of their hands, and brought it home to Israel, yet to shew his displeasure against them too, he abandoned Shilo quite, and would not suffer that testimonie of his presence to return any more thi­ther, whence it was taken captive for their sins, but re­fused to reside and be worshipped any longer in the tribe of Ephraim, the sons of Joseph behaved them­selves so ill, within whose lotment Shiloh was, where his Ark had so long sojourned, and he had been so much neglected.

68 But instead thereof chose Jerusalem,But chose the tribe of Judah, the mount Sion which he loved. mount Sion there, which he preferred to all the earth to be the place for his Ark to reside on, there in the tribe of Ju­dah did he chuse to fix his presence, appoint his wor­ship (where he knew he should be faithfully served to his content) and established the Kingdom there also, which both Kingdom and Priest-hood in the tribe of Judah shall continue, and be preserved, when as E­phraim and that opposit Kingdom of the ten tribes with their Idolatrous service shall be quite extinct, and led away captive.

69 There did he build himself a glorious Temple,And he built his sanctuarie like high palaces: like the earth which he had esta­blished for ever. in the glorious flourishing times of Solomon for his Ark to abide in immoveably, and with it his presence beau­tified, and enriched with all the ornaments, and preci­ous things that nature or Art could contribute to it, raised upon a mount exceeding sightly for scituation, [Page 358] and it self stately for building and Architecture, there to flourish and abide firm, as the earth, by the mightie power of God protecting that, as he supports this; for so shall his Church spiritual which Christ shall build and beautifie (figured by the Temple) be established upon the earth as the earth, and in heaven for ever.

He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheep-folds.70 And as that tribe and place was honoured with the temple & sacred service also so, with the Kingdom, and that eminent servant and Kingly type of the Mes­siah, David, who was chosen thence to rule his peo­ple, whom he advanced thereunto from a mean condi­tion, even from keeping his fathers sheep, in token of Christs abasement before his glorious and sovereign advancement over his Church and Kingdom.

From following the ewes great with young, he brought him to feed Jacob his peo­ple, and Israel his in­heritance.71 From taking care of his fathers flock, the yean­ning ewes and tender lambs, did the Lord raise him to be the Kingly shepheard of his own espoused people, that have been his inheritance ever since they were Ja­cobs posteritie, that he might yield protection to these, and deliver them from their enemies, as he did those from the Lion and the Bear, and in tender love and care administer mercie and justice to them, instructing them in the fear of the Lord, as Christ shall do his Church.

So he fed them according to the in­tegritie of his heart: and guided them by the skilfulness of his hands.72 And David did not fail of his dutie, no more shall Christ of his, but with an upright honest heart both towards God above him, and those under him, did he discharge his place, providing for them, prote­cting of them, and administring to them, and indeed throughout his reign ruled them very prosperously with much sagacitie of wisdom, and happie success in all his great undertakings. The spirit of God being with him, as he shall be with Christ.

The lxxix. PSALM.

The Psalmist sadly relates to God the condition of his people, the land, the holy Citie, the Temple, under either the Assyrian or Antiochus, what cruelty and devastation was every where executed, what reproch he and they were fallen into by it, and prayeth for redress, and remarkable judgement up­on their cruel oppressours, and the blasphemers of his name, promising ever­lasting remembrance of his mercie and praise for it, if vouchsafed.Psalm lxxix. A Psalm of (or, for) Asaph.

A Psalm made either by Asaph himself in a propheti­cal prediction of Jerusalems calamities, or com­mitted to his successours bearing his name by some man of God that made it after they fell out.

1 O God that didst chuse and set apart this land of Canaan,O God, the hea­then are come into thine in­heritance; thy holy Temple have they de­filed: they have laid Jerusalem on heaps. specially Judea for thy self, and Church to inhabit and to worship thee in, and didst drive out them that were not thy people, and tookest and keptst possession of it hitherto, till now, that the heathen no whit related to thee have re-assumed it, broken in with rage and cruelty, and dispossessed both thee and thy people, for now Jerusalem which thou hast formerly so wonderfully preserved from them, and the Temple there, that place of thy spe­cial presence and sacred worship, have they also ma­stered as well as the rest of the land of Israel and Ju­dah, the one of them, they have done all manner of spight to for thy sake, defiled that sacred place with the bloud of thine own people that were wont there to worship thee, and introduced their prophane Idolatries into it; The other, they have devastated, the walls and houses are demolished, inhabitants slaughtred, all rui­nated.

2 It is not to be expressed the outrages of the enemie and the miseries of thy poor people,The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowls of heaven: the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth. they torture them [Page 360] to death that adhere to thee, and will not apostatize and desert thy Laws and ordinances, to profess and practise their Idolatrie and superstition, and after death will not afford them burial, but expose them above ground as not worthie the common curtesie of nature, to have so much as a burying place on earth, whose souls are with thee in heaven, but lie like common carrion, and are suffered to rot and stink, and be torn in pieces and devoured by ravenous beasts and birds.

Their bloud have they shed like water round about Jerusa­lem: and there was none to burie them.3 They have made havock of all thy faithful people, that for pietie sake resorted to and inhabit­ed in and about thy holy Citie Jerusalem, shedding there the bloud of such holy Martyrs unmeasura­bly, and by strict watch and barbarous edicts kept the bodies of such precious souls unburied, nor would suffer without imminent peril of their lives, nay, cer­tain ruine, any of their brethren that were left alive to do that office of charitie and humanitie for them, nor indeed could they if they would, the dead were so many, and the living so few.

We are become a reproch to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us.4 We, O Lord, that through thy grace and power­ful assistance were wont to be the terrour of the hea­then round about us, and by thy presence and wor­ship amongst us were heretofore the glorie of all the World; now they that were our slaves and subjects are our Lords and masters, and use us not onely cruel­ly, but abuse us scornfully, reproching and deriding us together with thee, and thy worship, because of our present condition, and theirs; none pitie us, no not our next neighbour-nations, but scornfully taunt us.

How long, Lord, wilt thou be angrie for ever? shall thy jea­lousie burn like fire?5 O Lord, take notice of it and be moved to vin­dicate thine own dishonour, and have some compassion [Page 361] also upon thy distre [...]sed people; for, Lord, we know well enough that this could not befal us if our sins and thine anger were not the causes. But, Lord, remem­ber thou hast been angrie heretofore, but never after this sort, thou wast wont to commix mercie with displeasure, Lord, be not less good to us than to our forefathers, let there be an end of our miserie and thy furie, and let not our whoredoms and thine enraged jealousie quite consume us as fire doth straw.

6 Lord,Pour out thy wrath upon the hea­then that have not known thee, and up­on the Kingdoms that have not called upon thy name. such furie would better become thee to­wards thine enemies than thy chosen people, these indeed for their sins may deserve punishments, but let utter destruction be the portion of them that nei­ther know nor worship thee, that have neither relation to thee nor commerce with thee, nor thou knowest never will, but in their pride and ignorance contemne thee and serve other Gods.

7 And such are they that have thus cruelly butcher­ed us thine onely Israel,For they have de­voured Jacob, and laid wast his dwelling place. thy friends Jacobs posteri­tie, and by slaughter, captivitie, and devastations have unpeopled and ruinated the whole land where we have dwelt so long, and which thou promisedst to him and his posteritie after him, which yet now are cast out of it by these prophane heathen.

8 O for mercie sake muster not up the provoca­tions of old,O remember not against us former ini­quities: let thy ten­der mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low. those murmurings against thee, mi­strusts of thee, apostatizings from thee that we have ever been guiltie of from the very first, to make war upon us for them now, but forgive and forget them, for we shall never be able to stand under them. And instead of remembring them, call to mind thy ten­der mercies and bowels of compassion which thou [Page 362] hast ever professed to be in thee in thy peoples be­half when they have been in miserie, and greater ne­ver befel them than these we now are in, for we are at the very last gasp, to so low and miserable an estate are we brought, as thy people have scarce a beeing, but certainly will have none at all shortly, such sorrows and sufferings will make a final end of them, if thou in mercie speedily prevent it not by some re­dress.

Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glorie of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins for thy names sake.9 Which, good Lord, vouchsafe us, Help us out of this miserable destructive condition, thou that onely canst do it, and who we cannot chuse but hope wilt do it, because thy glorie is so much concern­ed in it, and thou as well as we sufferest so much by it: Though (we confess) we can not scarce hope by reason of our sins, which are greater than our sufferings, but, Lord, as our benefit will be great, so thy glorie will not be small, if thou wilt do away sins and sufferings by thy pardon and power, which therefore we beg of thee.

Wherefore should the heathen say, where is their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight, by the revenging of the bloud of his ser­vants which is shed.10 For as things now stand thou hast no honour, we are punished, but the heathen are not converted. Thy justice and terrour upon us hath no other ope­ration upon them to drive them into contempt and insultation, not onely over us, but thee, for they stick not to say where is the God of the Hebrews! he that was wont, he could deliver them. This, Lord, they say in derision of thee, and thou sufferest it to go unpunished, though thou thus punishest us. But, Lord, let us few that are left alive of the many thousands of Israel, though in captivitie, yet be remembered and pitied by thee, let our enemies know, and us see that thou art a God still [Page 363] and the same God too as able as heretofore, by some remarkable and just vindication of that deluge of bloud of thine own people, and precious servants that hath been shed, and cries for vengeance against them.

11 Yea,Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee, according to the greatness of thy power: preserve thou those that are ap­pointed to die. Lord, let both the innocent bloud alrea­dy shed, as also the unjust sufferings and miserable calamities of those of thy people that are yet alive, the imprisonments and cruelties practised upon them, and the heavie sighs and direful groans which in those pressures are forced from them, come all be­fore thee to move with thee, as to revenge the one, so to preserve the other, which thou hast power enough to do, though they and death are not far asunder.

12 Put forth thy power accordingly in our be­halfs,And render un­to our neighbours se­venfold into their bosom, the reproch wherewith they have reproched thee, O Lord. but chiefly in thine own, let them not e­scape thee for their cruelties; but, Lord, pay them home for their blasphemies, these wicked Idola­trous heathens, and those pitieless neighbouring nations, that notwithstanding all they have heard and seen of thee, since thou broughtest us among them, are no more knowing of thee, nor bear no more reverence to thee, than to scorn and reproch thee because of our miserie. Good Lord, let them smart for it.

13 Who are none of thy people,So we thy peo­ple and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will shew forth thy praise to all genera­tions. and we that are thine onely peculiar shall thereby have cause given us for ever, to remember thy power and good­ness, when thou shalt thus revenge the dead, pre­serve the living, and right thy self, and will never forget so great a mercie, but will be for ever thank­full to thee, and praise thee for it, yea, our children [Page 364] and childrens children through all generations will we instruct, and engage to do the like.

The lxxx. PSALM.

The Psalmist, upon the captivitie of Judah, and those of the rest of the tribes that adhered to her, and were led captive with her, indites this prayer, wherein he minds God of his tender care of his people when they were in Egypt, and praies for the like now, that he will appear for a few in which his Church is as much concerned as in those many, which are in great calamitie, this prayer he enforceth with an elegant Metaphor of their being as a choice vine to him, and the enemie as a wild boar to them. Pro­miseth, if this single tribe so many wayes considerable may be re-instated and revived; that they will live to him and to his praise.

Psalm lxxx. To the chief musician, upon Shoshannim-E­dush. A psalm of (or, for) Asaph. A Psalm either prophetically made by Asaph himself, or some other man of God upon the captivitie, and committed to Asaphs successours, principally to him that is most skilful upon the sweet instrument of six strings Shoshannim whereunto it is set, for his ordering of it.

GIve ear, O shep­heard of Isra­el, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock, thou that dwel­lest between the Che [...]bims shine forth.1 O God of our fathers that leddest the posteritie of Jacob and Joseph out of their Egyptian bondage through the Red sea and wilderness, as a shepheard leads his flock, yielding them powerful protection and gracious provision; give ear to us now in our Babylonish captivitie, pitie us, and do for us now as then, who are the remainder, all that is left of those progenitors. And thou that wast wont also to be intreated by thy people in thy sanctuarie, and to evidence thy presence there, in thy mer­cie-seat between the wings of the Cherubims, vouchsafing them many a gracious answer and de­liverance, when they prayed for it in their extre­mitie, thou that art the same God now as then, hear us the same people though not in the same place, [Page 365] in Babylon appear for us calling on thee in this our ba­nishment and captivation.

2 At the apostacie of the ten tribes,Before Ephraim and Benjamin, and Manasseh, stir up thy strength, and come and save us. thou knowest how that many well-affected of the tribe of Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasseh forsook their habitations, and transplanted themselves into Judea to be partakers of thy worship; and now the posteritie of these that did cleave so close to thee then at the defection of their brethren, are held captive here in Babylon: Lord re­member it unto them for good, and now stick close to them, as then they did to thee, and powerfully trans­plant them back again into their own countrey, and deliver them out of this captivitie whereinto thou hast brought them, that when time was were voluntarie exiles for thy sake.

3 Lord how ever our condition is very desperate and miserable,Turn us again, O God: and cause thy face to shine [...], and we shall be saved. yet art thou able to change it to what it was, and to carrie us into our own land, and give us the enjoyment and practice of thy worship again, if thou wilt but turn thy frowns into favour, and thy face upon us in stead of thy back-parts, pardoning our sins and receiving us again into grace, we shall be a happie people, and see good days for all this.

4 O Lord God of alsufficient and Almigtie power,O Lord God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angrie against the prayer of thy peo­ple? how long wilt thou that hast the command of all, and art able to help us, suffer us to remain helpless and be angrie at us now in our miserie, for sins com­mitted in our prosperitie? so that our prayers are of no power, but thou rejected them and us that are thy people, and suffer as well for thee as for our sins.

5 Thou makest us altogether miserable,Thou feedest them with the bread of tears: and givest them tears to drink in great measure. our sighs and tears are the best repast we have, the uttering of [Page 366] our grief is the sustaining of our nature, which we are forced to do with bitter lamentation.

Thou makest us a strife unto our neigh­bours: and our ene­mies laugh among themselves.6 Thou hast made us an absolute prey to our neigh­bour nations that have long looked for this day, inso­much that they are ready to fall out among themselves for the dividing the spoil of us and our countrey, the whilest we are here captives in a strange nation, a­mongst our mortal enemies, that have no better pa­stime than to deride our miserable condition.

Turn us again, O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine and we shall be saved.7 See the third verse of this Psalm, which is the same with this.

Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.8 With no small cost and care didst thou, when time was, transplant Israel as a vine of great account, out of Egypt where it was stocked and thrive not, unto a land where thou undertookest it should take root and grow, even Canaan which thou emptiedst of its hea­thenish inhabitants, to make way for thy people, where thou didst implant, & whereof thou didst possess them.

Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it fil­led the land.9 Thou miraculously madest way for their implan­tation by destroying and expulsing the natives thereof, and making thy people victors still as they went on from one end of the land to the other, insomuch as that they were settled in it by thy special gift and grace, and enjoyed it both by right of conquest, and long prescription of peaceable possession, and peopled it from corner to corner successively, one generation after another for many ages.

The hills were covered with the sha­dow of it: and the boughs thereof were like the goodly Ce­dars.10 They multiplied by thy blessing in such sort, as that the hills and valleys were all full of them, both best and worst of the countrey was inhabited and im­proved; so mightily did they encrease, and not onely in number but in stature also, they were tall and good­ly people, such as hewed down Giants before them.

[Page 367]11 So far as ever thou didst ordain the limits of that land to stretch,She sent out her boughs unto the sea: and her branches unto the river. even from the Mediterranean sea to the river Euphrates, of old appointed by thee to be her boundaries, did thy people inhabit her in a flourishing condition both of Church and State.

12 Lord,Why hast thou then broken down her hedges: so that all they which pass by the way, do pluck her? since thou wast pleased to do so much for a people, and to husband and bless this vine of thine in this sort, why hast thou thus utterly withdrawn thy protection from them, as if they had never belonged unto thee, nor had been cared for by thee, exposing them and their land to all the outrages and obloquies that any that have a mind will inflict upon them, and make bootie both of their persons and estates which at pleasure they share amongst them?

13 Look as a savage boar breaking into a well form­ed garden would demean himself by turning all things upside down,The boar out of the wood doth wast it: and the wild beast of the field doth de­vour it. so hath this Heathenish Babylonish tyrant the land we possessed and the people in it, making ha­vock and destruction of all, old and young, root and branch, in so ruinous a manner, as if his armie had been so many wild beasts in stead of men.

14 O Lord,Return, we be­seech thee, O God of hosts; look down from heaven and be­hold, and vi [...]it t [...]is vine think it long enough to have estranged thy self thus from thy people, resume thy grace of old towards us, we humbly pray thee, thou that hast com­mand over all things, whose dominion is in heaven far above all earthly powers, look propitiously from thence upon us, and own this vine of thine once a­gain to replant it.

15 Both vine and vineyard,And the vine­yard which thy right hand hath planted: and the branch which thou madest strong for thy self. people & countrey, Lord look graciously upon them to reunite them, & repossess them of that which once, by a strong hand & outstretch­ed arm, thou gavest them; the tribe of Judah, O Lord, remēber in which as it were alone thou didst uphold & [Page 368] maintain the Church and Kingdom of Christ, when all besides fell from thee.

It is burnt with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the re­buke of thy counte­nance.16 This single branch, all thats left of the florish­ing vine, the onely Tribe in effect of all the twelve, even it is destroied, Judea the place where it grew is miserably wasted with fire, and the people with the sword, in thy wrathfull displeasure hast thou blasted this tender branch, which is the more dejected at thy frowns, because thy former favours were so resplen­dent upon it.

L [...]t thy hand be upon the man o [...] thy right hand: upon the son of man whom [...] madest strong for thy self.17 Let thy power and grace appear in protecting, and delivering this single Tribe of Judah's posterity, the sole remainder of Jacobs sons, who hath ever hi­therto been mightily favoured and prospered by thee, even for Davids sake that man after thine own heart, who sprung out thence, and whom thou madest a mighty King ruling Jews and Gentiles, and endowing him with singular gifts and graces, fit for that place and imploiment thou conferest upon him, out of whose loins must also come the Messiah whom he ti­pified: for as he is thy Son, so shall he be Davids and Judah's whom thou hast set apart for that high of­fice and glorious work of mediation, placed him at thy right hand in power, and furnished him with graces fit for this imploiment, to rule, sanctifie and save thy people, his Church; even the man that is thy fellow, God and man, the Almighty Mediatour and Sovereign King, for his sake therefore put forth thy power in poor Judah's behalf for to restore her.

So will not we go back from thee: quicken us, & we will call upon thy name.18 Lord, if thou wilt do thus for us, thou wilt bind us to thee everlastingly, we will then renew our covenant and keep it, which by our back-sliding we have broken, the cause of all our misery. Let us but [Page 369] live again, and we will not live to our selves but to thee, thou shalt have the praise of our restauration, and the obedience of our lives and conversation

19 Lord,Turn us again, O Lord God of hosts, cause thy face to shine, and we shall be saved. how ever our condition is very forlorne and miserably, yet art thou, that commandest the whole creation, able to change it to what it was, and to carry us into our own land, and give us the use and enjoyment of thy worship again, if thou wilt but turn thy frowns into favours, and thy face upon us instead of thy back parts, pardoning our sins, and receiving us again into grace, we shall be a happy people, and see good dayes for all this.

The lxxxi. PSALM.

The Psalmist quickens up the people of Israel to pour out praises to God, as God himself also hath commanded them to do, for all his mercies to them, specially that great deliverance out of Egypt, and by way of caution hints notwithstanding Israels ingratitude, and unmindfulness of Gods provi­dence and goodness, at the bitter waters in the wilderness, where they mur­mured and believed not, as also after in Canaan, which cost them full dear, who else had been always a prosperous people, and their land a plentifull land.

To him that is most skilfull upon Gittith, Psalm lxxxi. To the chief musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of Asaph. the instru­ment used by Obed-edom the Gittite and his fa­mily, do I Asaph that made this Psalm commit it for his ordering it in the Quire.

1 AS we have received mercies and favours of great extraordinary natures from God,SIng aloud unto God ourstrength: make a joyfull noise unto the God of jacob. so let our praises be sutable, with heart and voice let all Is­rael in their solemn conventions magnifie the Lord, & acknowledge all those great things thankfully, which by a mighty hand he hath done and wrought for them; [Page 370] Let them with infinite exultation and confidence in God as theirs, be loud and large in their praises.

Take a Psalm, & bring hither the tim­brel: the pleasant harp with the Psaltery.2 All we can do will be too little, and come short of what the Lord demerits, but let not us be wanting to the utmost of our power, but with voice and in­strument, yea, all manner of musicall instruments, one and other, specially the sweetest and choicest of them, let us sound forth his praises, that heaven and earth may ring of us.

Blow up the trumpet in the new moon: in the time ap­pointed on our solemn fea [...]t day.3 Be sure when you celebrate those solemn festivi­ties appointed in the law, as the new moon &c. That you perform it in a faithfull chearfull manner▪ and ex­press it heartily by sound of trumpet, and all other wayes as may most testifie your inward joy, and best enliven it.

For this was a statute for Israel: and a law of the God of Jacob.4 This you ought to do not onely of gratuity, but also of duty, for God doth not onely deserve it, but hath expresly enjoyned it, as a statute and everlasting law for Israel to yield obedience to, even these solemn meetings, for solemn thanksgivings appointed of old by the God of our forefather Jacob.

This he ordained in Joseph for a testi­mony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not.5 Even then did he institute it, when Josephs po­sterity had the precedency among all the Tribes, not Judah as now it is, ever since the time that God de­stroied the first born in Egypt, and thereupon ordain­ed the Passeover, when miraculously he brought us out thence, from being imbondaged under a people whom we understood not, saving by blows as beasts do men, they not speaking our language nor we theirs; a people strange to God, and as strangely using his Church, that uncomfortably sojourned amongst them without civil converse.

I removed his shoulder from the bur­den: his hands were delivered from the pots.6 From the wofull slavery and cruell bondage of [Page 371] those Egyptian Tyrants and Task-masters, did God by a strong hand wonderfully deliver us, and made us free-men to serve him of bondmen, serving them in hard labour of bearing burdens, and doing base offices of brick-clamping, and pot-making in kills & furnaces.

7 Thou criedst unto me (sayes God) in thy bond­age in Egypt,Thou calledst in trouble and I deliver­ed thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah. after also in thy danger at the red sea, and I, thou knowst, heard thee, and by a mighty hand and apparent signs of favour delivered thee from the one & the other, from on high plaguing and troubling thine enemies the Egyptians with thunder and light­ning, and delivering thee; which I thought thou wouldst have remembred, and for which I could not but believe thou wouldst have been thankfull, and believing in my grace and providence in after-times, but did I find it so, when I tried thy faith, meekness, and patience a little after at the waters of strife? no, thou knowst I did not.

8, 9, 10 Where yet for all thine ungratefull mur­murings,Hear O my people and I will testifie unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto me. thou remembrest I did not reject thee, nor so much as punish thee,There shall no strange God be in thee: neither shalt thou worship any strange God. but took occasion thence to enter and renew my covenant with thee, and to take thee into my service, and make further proof of thee, whereupon I made a statute and an ordinance,I am the Lord thy God which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. that if thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the Lord thy God, and walk as my people before me, in obe­dience of those laws which I shall give thee, worship­ping none but me, and keeping your distance to all other Gods, worshipped by those that are not my people, chusing me onely for yours, by the same token I powerfully and with such sign of favour brought you out of the land of Egypt, the Type indeed of a nearer spirituall relation, whereby we are or ought to [Page 372] be united; that then if thou wouldest but do thus, if ever thou wantedst what thou wouldst have, and was usefull for thee, it should not be because I would not give it, for then would I withhold no needfull bles­sings from thee, but because thou didst not ask it, the fault should be thine and not mine, if in the faith of my gracious covenant-engagements, and their often performances, thou wilt confidingly importune me, and obedientially walk with me, so doing, and so pray­ing, I will deny thee nothing, but supply all thy wants, satisfie all thy desires, and give thee abundant cause of praise.

But my people would not hearken to my voice; and Israel would none of me.11 But for all that I could do or say, these people that I had done so much for, and said much to, to perswade and draw them to me, though I had enga­ged and obliged them all the ways in the world, by co­venanting with them, working miracles for them, ma­king choice of them, giving laws to them, yet they would not be prevaild withall to obey my commands, nor believe in my promises, but ungratefully and re­belliously rejected me and my service, and distrusted my faithfulness.

So I gave them up unto their own hearts lust: and they walked in their own counsels.12 Insomuch as I was quite tired out with them, when I saw all my labour lost, my goodness abused, and mine advice slighted, so that at last I even su­spended my dispensations, left them to do as they list, what their own wicked hearts prompted to, to follow the dictates of their corrupt and carnall judgements, and I never so much as said why do you so. But it was little for their profit.

O that my peo­ple had hearkned unto me: and Israel had walked in my ways!13 O that this ungratefull back-sliding people of mine, whom I have loved so well for their fathers [Page 373] sakes, had but obeyed my voice, believed in the pro­mises, & kept the commandments which I gave them.

14 It should not have been with them,I should soon have subdued their e­nemies, and turned my hand against their ad­versaries. as it was by their own folly and stubbornness, the enemy should never have so often got the better of them, but accor­ding to my promise and former providences, I would have been sure to deliver them, and have made quick dispatch of their adversaries (as they may remember I did by the Egyptians) and made them as much in bondage to my people, as they were to them; if their sins had not stood in my way, they had been happy and flourishing, for I would have turned the scales, and made them as much over-weight to their enemies, as they were to them; for it was from me that they pre­vailed, which they should never have done, but per­petually have gone by the worse: if my people had not failed of their duty, I would not have failed of my mercy to them, and judgements upon their foes.

15 Those wicked heathenish nations,The haters of the Lord should have submitted themselves unto him; but their time should have en­dured for ever. that so oft oppressed them, and warred upon them out of a hatred to them (I know) as being my people, I would have made them stoop to their yoak, been bond-men and tributaries to them, who should never have known what infelicity had meant, but have been ever prosper­ous and fruitfull.

16 And whereas their land,He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied them. the land of promise, which God undertook should be so fruitfull and plen­tifull for them, was instead thereof fruitless and bar­ren many times, and they hunger-bit and starved, they may thank themselves, their sins kept off his blessings, else they should neither have wanted things necessary nor convenient for profit or pleasure, to sustain nature or to delight it, for God would have made the land [Page 374] exceeding fruitfull, and abundantly productive of all requisite provision, so that they should have eaten the fat and drunk the sweet, yea, the most craggy and barren places, he would have caused extraordinarily to have yielded them much pleasure, and store of de­liverances. The earth should have been like store-houses, and the rocks like hives.

The lxxxii. PSALM.

The Psalmist shews Princes and Magistrats what an eye God hath over them, perswades them therefore to do justice justly and impartially, and im­ploy their power for the defence and supportation of the helplest. But per­ceives men of that ranck so obdura [...]ed in their corrupt courses, for that, be­cause they are above men, they scarce think they are under God, as that though he honours them for their places, yet he acquaints them with their natures. And prayes, if nothing will make them just and co [...]scionable, that God would punish their pride and injustice, and free the oppressed.

Psalm lxxxii. A Psalm of Asaph. A Psalm made by Asaph.

GOd standeth in the congregati­on of the migh­ty: he judgeth among the Gods.1 THe Kings and rulers of the earth, how great and absolute soever they conceive them­selves to be, Lording it over their subjects, and inferi­ours, without consideration of the conscience and du­ty of their places and offices, and of the account they owe and must pay to God thereof; yet for all that God heeds them, though they heed not him, he is amongst their counsels and judicatories, an eye and ear witness of their doings, and certainly, though in­visibly, overlook their proceedings, and passeth his judgement upon them, and they shall one day find him as much over them in Sovereigntie and Power, as they are over others, to judge and condemn them for their irregularities.

[Page 375]2 How long will ye dare to persist in provoking the most high that sees you,How long will ye judge unjustly: and accept the per [...]ons of the wicked? Selah. by executing unjust judge­ment and falsifying your trust, by partiall and perso­nall respects, acquitting the guilty, and condemning the innocent, casting the scales of justice by the over-weight of private ends and by-respects, favouring the oppressour in his wrong-doing. How long I say will you do so?

3 Be warned,Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. consider better of the matter, who it is that hath preferred you above your brethren, and why; God looks to find other fruit on such trees. As he hath given you Power and Authority, so he expects you should imploy it for the ends he gave it, and not contrary; that they that are wronged, and either for want of means or friends cannot defend themselves, but are like to suffer unjustly, should be supplied and supported by you, fail not therefore to do so, and to administer justice in the behalf of the poor afflicted, that are overpowered by men of might or violence.

4 Save the poor that are oppressed,Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. and that need your help to relieve them, set such free, and deliver them out of the power and malice of unconscionable wicked worldlings, that seek to undo them.

5 But a man,They know not neither will they un­derstand; they walk on in darkness, all the foundations of the earth are out of course. yea a Prophet from God, may tell them over the over again of their fault and danger, and yet they apprehend neither of both, nor indeed have they any mind at all to understand right instru­ction, but put away the light from them, chusing ra­ther to walk in darkness, and to be unjust and wicked still. Is it not every where thus, are not of all men Magistrates most to blame? those that should yield the greatest support and settlement to Kingdoms and Republicks, and be a blessing to the people under [Page 376] them, do they not sad the the hearts of the innocent, countenance the nocent, cause mighty distractions, and draw down heavy judgements.

I have said ye are Gods: and all of you are children of the most high.6 I know you think highly enough of your selves, and for my part I desire not to detract from Maje­stracy nor Magistrates, the one is Gods ordinance, and the other I have already acknowledged to be Gods, and so do still, affirm you to be his Deputies and Vicegerents here on earth, to whom he hath communicated Places and Offices of Honour and Authority, as earthly Princes are wont to do to their children.

But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the Princes.7 And as I have told you what are in a Metapho­ricall figurative sence, so let me tell you also what you are, and what you shall find your selves really to be, without any figure, that is, mortall men, such as no Titles nor distances can exempt, or priviledge from the common fate of all men, to die and rise to judge­ment; for you have not laid aside your nature by ta­king up your Title, but shall certainly come down from that degree you are advanced unto, and stoop to death, as every man of what ranck soever though equall with you, or superiour to you, have done be­fore you.

8 And though you have been gods on earth,Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations. yet shall you be judged by the God of heaven, who one­ly is God indeed, and Sovereign Judge of all the world, and its well he is so, such miserable disorder have you brought, and will bring all things unto, if you may be suffered in your Tyrannicall and unjust ways, for nothing will reclaim you, no doctrine, though from God himself, whether exhortation or commination; so that my prayer shall be, that God [Page 377] would by his power judge you for thus misjudging and misgoverning, and do the inhabitants of the earth right upon such Princes and Judges as do them wrong, and let them know that the earth, yea, every Kingdom and Countrey in it is the Lords and not theirs, though they Lord it in their severall domini­ons, as if right of inheritance and not thy donation were their chief investiture, they pay thee no homage, therefore distrein for thy glory as Lord Paramount, and proprietor of what they count theirs and not thine, as one day thou wilt be sure to do.

The lxxxiii. PSALM.

When Senacherib instigated by his own ambition and others solicitation, was preparing with all the power he could make to fall upon Iudah, some men of God, either good Hezekiah, or some Prophet composed this Psalm, rela­ting the whole design and consederation by way of complain to God: pray­ing him to lay it to heart, and to do for his Church and judge his enemies as he was wont, and thereby get himself glory amongst those that are not his people, as well as amongst those that are.

A Psalm probably committed to Asaphs successours (rather than made by himself) by the penman of it, Psalm lxxiii. A song or Psalm or (or for) Asaph. to be sung and plaid by them.

1 O God,KEep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God. do not thou sit still in silence, neither be careless of the condition that both thou and we are about to fall into; it is high time for thee to be-think thee, O God, concerning it.

2 Considering the vast preparations that are ma­king of a tumultuary army,For lo, thine ene­mies make a tumult: and they that hate thee, have lift up the head. consisting of diverse con­federate nations, instigated by our pestilent neighbors and inveterate enemies the Ammonites and Moabites, who grow sure and confident upon it to have a day, [Page 378] and to subjugate and do by us, as thou for our sakes hast heretofore done by them.

They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and con­sulted against thy hid­den ones.3 They have negotiated this league with much subtility and solicitation against us the remainder of thy holy seed and chosen people, and combined their heads and hands with the Assyrian and others to ruin, and utterly root out those few Israelites that are left, and do possess a narrow room in this great Kingdom which once was such▪ and that have no other hope nor help but thy sanctuary, and thine own residence in it amongst us, under the wings whereof we shelter and secure our selves, hoping by it for defence and pro­tection against this mighty combination and deluge, that is flowing down upon us.

They have said, come, and let us cut them off from being a nation: that the name of Israel may be no more is remembrance.4 Promising themselves an absolute issue in this their undertaking, utterly to destroy us as they have done the ten Tribes, and so to put a finall end to the name of Israel, who is brought at this day very low.

For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee.5 And indeed to speak humanely, it is no hard thing for them to do, such an army as this is, made up of so many nations, unanimously agreed all of them to war upon thee, for so thou knowest it is, for though it be against us, yet it is for thy sake, because we belong to thee, and profess thee and thy worship.

The Tabernacles of Edom, and the Ish­maelites: of Moab, and the Hagarens.6 Our near kinsmen born originally together with us of godly parents, are chieftains and ringleaders in this confederacy against thy Church, but that is no news, for when were they other, or how can other be expected from such a degenerate generation? as Esau hated Jacob though his brother, so do the Edomites (his posterity) hate us, those Arabians with their Tents and military provision are coming against us, & with them the Ishmaelites the sons of Ishmael that [Page 379] old enemy of Isack his brother, who because he could not be coheir with him, his seed are at open enmity with us; and so are the Moabites Lots incestuous brood, and all them that came of Hagar the Egyptian bond-woman, who have ever hated us free-men, her Masters legitimate of-spring sole heirs of Abraham, and his promise.

7 With these kinred of ours,Gebal, and Am­mon, and Amalek, the Philistines, with the inhabitants of Tyre. are conjoyned for­rainers of strange names and nations, as the Gibbits borderers upon Sidon, yea, both far and near have they commixed their forces, for with them are the Ammonites our near neighbour that incestuous gene­ration, and the Amalekites Esaus posterity, also our old enemies the Philistines that brood of cursed Ham; with the Citizens of Tyre that famous place and rich people.

8 All these have combined their forces,Assur also is joyn­ed with them: they have holpen the chil­dren of Lot. Selah. and the better to effect their design, have joyned themselves to the King of Assyria and he with them, and all against us: that great nation is confederate with our enemies the Ammonites and Moabites who are back­ed by them, and upon whom they bear themselves so high, being confident by their means to ruine us.

9 But,Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as [...]o Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brooks of K [...] ­son. Lord, how easie a matter is it for thee to defeat the hopes of our adversaries, and overthrow this mighty confederate army, and deliver thy people as thou hast done heretofore: magnifie thy self there­fore, O Lord, put forth thy power, do by these as we well remember thou didst by the Midianites, though they were like Graslioppers for multitude, yet with the noise of broken Pitchards in the hands of Gideons handfull of men, didst thou rout them, and set their swords one against another to their own destruction, [Page 380] likewise, as thou didst to Sisera the Generall of Jabins mighty Host, when they encamped with nine hundred Chariots, and a strong army at the river Kishon to fight against a small force of the children of Israel, gathered onely out of the Tribes of Zebulon and Naphtali, under the conduct of Barak and Deborah, who yet utterly subdued them.

Which perished at En-dor; they became as dung for the earth.10 Even that great army, with all the confederate forces of the Kings of Canaan, which then so freely unhired, aided Jabin (when all Israel shamefully de­clined Barak save those few) perished at En-dor near to Taanack by the waters of Megiddo, where they sought to rally and re-enforce the battell, there were they hewed down and slain by Barak and his men, hot in actuall pursuit of his victory gotten at Kison, so that their carcases lay spread there like compost upon soil, rotting upon the superficies of the earth in multitudes unburied.

Make their No­bles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea all their Princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna.11 Let their Nobles and great men, all the Princes and chieftains of this aggregate body that comes to invade us, speed as did those Kings and Princes of the Midianites Oreb and Zeeb, which were taken in their flight and beheaded. Zeba and Zalmunna whose Host was smitten, & themselves slain by Gideons own hand.

Who said, let us take to our selves the houses of God in pos­session.12 Let these proud enemies of ours and thine come to the same end, that with such malice and carnall confidence invade thy land and people, and stick not to promise themselves the possession of the one, and the enslaving of the other, and utterly to dispossess thee of both, and to ruin both thy worship, and all those places where it was used to be performed, the Temple and Synagogues, or to pervert and turn them to their own Idolatrous usages.

[Page 381]13 O God,O my God, make them like a wheel: as the stubble before the wind. in whom we thy poor Church do trust for preservation, and defence against this confederati­on, turn their projects upside down, make giddy their counsellours, and amuze their designs: let them no sooner rise but fall, have no success in what they pro­ject or attempt, bring nothing to an issue; let them and their undertakings be as vain, uncertain, and in­effectuall, as light and loose straw before the wind thats scattered, and tossed hither and thither.

14 As a fire caused by thunder and lightening,As the fire burn­eth the wood: and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire. and enkindled with the wind, violently breaks forth, and consumes whole woods and forrests, the flames where­of reach the tallest tops of trees that grow upon the highest mountains, formidably appearing to specta­tours far and near, and consumes them as easily as the lowest shrubs.

15 Such,So persecute them with thy tempest; and make them afraid with thy storm. Lord, let be thine anger, and so do thou break forth in thy fiery indignation, upon this huge ar­my of numerous associats that march like a wood against us; by an Almighty power and with terrible judgements (as tempests from heaven) do thou con­found and astonish them that thus affright, and pur­pose to destroy thy whole Church and people at once, to the amazement and terrour of all that see or hear it, spare neither great nor small, high nor low, but in thine enraged jealousie destroy the destroyer, as well Prince as people.

16 So cross their designs,Fill their faces with shame: that they may seek thy name, O Lord. disappoint their hopes, and confound their confidences, that this enterprise may be for their shame, not for their honour, and that by experience of thy power to deliver thy people, and subdue thine enemies, they may be wrought upon, and forced to beg pardon and compassion at thine hands, acknowledging thee for sole Lord and God of all [Page 382] the earth; whom they now so much contemn, and mean to despight, if thou wilt suffer them.

Let them be con­founded and troubled for ever: yea, let them be put to shame and perish.17 Do thou, Lord, so affright and astonish them, as they may never dare to enterprise against thee any more; and so shamefully defeat by some strange overthrow this their invincible confederation, that these invadours may have, neither heart nor power to meddle in this sort again.

That men may know, that thou whole name alone is Iehovah, art them [...]st high over all the earth.18 That so, not onely thine own people, but others, even all these Idolatrous nations that know nothing of thee, but what thou enforcest upon them by sense and experience, may be made to confess, that thou, who in­deed art, and onely art the Almighty and everliving Lord, art not onely to be acknowledged by us, but that the whole earth as well as we, ought to pay thee Homage, as the sole Sovereign God of Gods, and Lord of Lords.

The lxxxiv. PSALM.

David after his restauration [...] from banishment, and settlement both of him in the Kingdom, and the Ark on mount Sion: yet personates that estate in this Psalm, and the mind he then was in; shewing what longings he then had after the sanctuary and ordinances of God, how he envied the priviledge the very birds had, and blessed the priviledge others of Gods people had and he wanted, the least whereof he would have been glad of, but still belie­ved and hoped to find God gracious and true of his word.

Psalm lxxxiv. To the chief musician upon Gittith, A Psalm for the sons of Korah. To him that is most skilfull upon Gittith the instru­ment used by Obed-Edom the Gittite and his fa­mily, is this Psalm committed for his ordering of it to be sung by the Korathites.

HOw amiable are thy Taberna­cles, O Lord of Hosts!1 TO a spirituall minded man, who knows the worth and excellency of thy worship and ser­vice in each part and circumstance of it, and how to [Page 383] improve it to edification and exercise of his graces, O how delicious and affecting are thine ordinances acted in thy sanctuary. O most mighty God of heaven and earth, and Lord of all the innumerable creatures in both.

2 My soul which was wont to be feasted with hea­venly and divine delicacies,My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the Lord: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the li­ving God. in the courts of thy San­ctuary where I worshipped thee, longeth incessantly to frequent them again, yea, so vehement is my desire, that the long frustration of it makes me ready to swound away like a woman with child disappointed of her longing. My whole man soul and body gaspeth after, and earnestly importunes to be restored to my former communions with thee, and lively soul-quick­ning participations of thee, whereof to mine unspeak­able grief, I have been so long deprived.

3 I envy the happiness of the very irrationall crea­ture, the poor birds,Yea, the sparrow hath found an house, & the swallow a nest for her self, where she may lay her young, e­ven thine Altar, O Lord of hosts, my King and my God. for that they have a priviledge far beyond me, they can dwell in thy land amongst thy people, the sparrow and swallow have their freedom there, harbour themselves and make their nests where they will, in view of and near to thy very Altar; whereas I, a son of Abraham, an heir of the promise, one that have a right and title to all the emoluments of thy Church and people, am notwithstanding forced into exile among the heathen, as if I were not related to thee, nor had no right to worship thee, O Lord, whom yet in mind and heart I will and do worship, acknowledging no God besides thee, and adoring thee for the sole sovereign Creatour and commander of heaven and earth, and all in both, whose subject and servant I am, though Saul will not own me for his, and in whom I yet trust in hope to find thee gracious to me for all this.

[Page 384] Blessed are they that dwell in thine house: they will be still praising thee. Se­lah.4 O happy condition are they in, whose function and office makes them not onely frequenters, but in­dwellers in thy sanctuary; the Preists and Levites, they have their fill of what I want, that is, opportuni­ties to magnifie and praise thee, in the dayly sacrifices and solemn ordinances there administred.

Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee: in whose heart are the ways of them.5 Blessed and onely blessed is he that in diffidence of his own self-sufficiency (specially spirituall-self) makes his diligent humble and faithfull resort to thee after thy prescript and rule, and lives the life which he lives by faith in thee, and continuall addresses to thee for spirit and grace, in prayer and supplication. In whose heart is throughly grounded this belief, and ac­cordingly frames his practise, walking as all those do that faithfully believe thus.

Who passing through the valley of Baca, make it a well: the rain also filleth the pooles.6 And therefore overcome all difficulties for those sweet injoyments: it is neither length of way, nor defi­ciency of accommodation in the journey that can hin­der such (sure I am it should not me, if my life did not lie at stake) but though their way to the Tabernacle lie through the dry and desart valley of Mulberry trees, yet they can comfortably go it, and undergo with ho­ly resolution the hardship of it, yea, pass it with plea­sure, and esteem it a happiness they have the liberty to purchase such a benefit, as the worship and spirituall enjoyment of God in his ordinances, which yields them such refreshing of mind all the way they travell, as that their very bodies fare the better, and are refreshed therewith, as it were with springs of water and showers of rain.

They go from strength to strength, every one of them in Sion appeareth before God.7 Yea, the nearer they draw to the end of their jour­ney, like the faithfull towards heaven, instead of being more, they are less faint and tired, gathering strength every step they take by their near approaches to [Page 377] and the comfortable expectation of what all the way they hoped and travelled for, even the glorious pri­viledge of appearing in the presence of God (as the saints and angels do in heaven) resident upon his holy hill, mount Sion, where the Ark, the faith­full pledge of his presence is, there to enjoy soul-ra­vishing communions, gracious audience, sweet and sen­sible supplies of spirit and consolation, a very heaven upon earth, for so it signifies.

8 O God,O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear O God of Ja­cob. Selah. that hast an almighty power, and that I am sure art the great commander in chief of heaven and earth, and therefore canst restore me to this hap­piness, and satisfie my longing, which is infinitely en­keened by these considerations; so that I beseech thee gratifie thy poor petitioner with a gracious answer, that I may be no longer debarred; and hear me a poor branch of the root of Jacob, though sore against my will removed from the soil where thou hast appointed him to grow; Lord re-plant me.

9 Behold me,Behold, O God our shield: and look upon the face of thine anointed. O God, an exile and afflicted man, the emblem of thy militant Church, whereof I am a member, as well as a type, whose defence and protect­ion nevertheless thou art, even of all the faithfull, whereof I am one: consider me also in an other capa­city as the type of Christ, anointed by thy special ap­pointment to be King over thy people, as he shall be over thy Church. Let these considerations move thee to own, pitie, and restore me to my spiritual privi­ledges, and comfortable exercise of thine ordinances in thy sanctuary.

10 For,For a day in thy courts is better than a thousand: I had ra­ther be a door-keep­er in the house of my God, than to dwel in the [...]ents of wicked­ness. for my part, if I might have my choice, I speak it unfainedly, I had rather have one days com­fortable enjoyment of thee in thy sanctuary, and [Page 386] prize it higher, than to live a thousand years in the very best condition this life can afford, and be as I am debarred from thy worship, so that I might but have the happiness to wait upon thee there, I should think the meanest office in thy service, even a porters place to be an honour, and preferment far beyond the condition I am in, whilest I am forced thus to inhabit among the prophane, and Idolatrous heathen, though in never so good e­steem.

For the Lord God is a sun and shield, the Lord will give grace and glory: no good thing will [...]e with-hold from them that walk uprightly.11 And truly, Lord, I will not despair one day to have all that thou hast promised me, and more than I desire (though rather than none at all, I should be glad of a little either time or place in thy sanctuary;) for I know thou art a God that wilt shine forth to the comfort, and reviving of thine afflicted people, who in the interim thou wilt protect: I shall see better days, and doubt not yet to be made happy by thy grace and favour, and to be advanced to that glorious condition of being the Kingly type of Christ; for had not I a special promise, yet thy gene­ral promise would engage thee, and encourage me to believe; for certain it is, that thou wilt be gracious, and faithfull to give all needfull and requisit blessings; and such, Lord, I desire to those that are thine, as I am, and walk thereafter in faithfull dependance, and sincere obedience, which I do.

O Lord of hosts: blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.12 What ever my condition be, though I am far from present possession of what thou hast promised, or enjoyment of what I desire, banished both out of the Church and kingdom of Israel, yet I dare pro­nounce it of all faithfull ones that patiently wait, and believingly depend upon thee, that it shall go [Page 387] well with them one day, and so it shall with me be­cause of thine Almighty power, which shall make good thy faithfulness.

The lxxxv. PSALM.

Either at the end of the Babilonish captivitie, or under Antiochus tyrannie, was this Psalm composed, minding God of his former pardoning, and resto­ring-grace to his people, to intreat the same again. The Psalmist in the name of the Church promising himself a glorious deliverance, proportionable in some degree, and representative of that happie enfranchisment the Church shall have by the Messiah at his coming.

To the president of the Quire is this Psalm com­mitted for his ordering of it, Psalm lxxxv. To the chief musici­an, A Psalm for the sons of Korah. to be sung by the Korathites.

1 LOrd,LOrd, thou hast been favourable unto thy land: thou hast brought back the captivity of Jacob. thou hast offered very great and graci­ous deliverances unto this nation thy people, by re-estating it heretofore in a good condition after sad desolations, and un-captivating Jacobs posteritie by an Almighty hand.

2 Mercifully commiserating their sufferings,Thou hast for­given the iniquitie of thy people, thou hast covered all their sin. Selah and pardoning their iniquities, because they were thy cho­sen Israel, a people peculiarly belonging to thee, though ill deserving from thee; yet though their sins were then very great and provoking, thou wast pleased af­ter a while to put them out of thy sight, and receive thy people again into thy favour: we have not for­got it.

3 As thou wast pleased grievously to afflict thy people,Thou hast taken away all thy wrath, thou hast turned thy self from the fierce­ness of thine anger. so thou didst as graciously relieve, and re­lease them; for what thy provoked anger took from them, thy free-grace restored it again unto them, [Page 380] and wouldest neither quite consume, nor everlastingly embondage them, but became as much theirs, and for them, as ever thou wast against them.

Turn us, O God of our salvation: and cause thine anger to­wards us to cease.4 Lord, thine anger is again miserably broken out against us, by reason of our sins, we are fallen under heavy pressures, we are now as void of all humane helps, as then. Thou onely heretofore wroughtest deli­verance, and so thou must still. Turn us therefore, we pray thee, by unfained repentance, and deliver us out of this miserable condition; thou that hast been, and we hope still wilt be a Saviour to us: yea, both turn us to thee, and do thou also turn towards us the face, and not the back-parts; let the clouds of thine indignation be dispelled, and the sun-shine of thy saving grace break forth upon us.

Wilt thou be an­gry with us for ever? wilt thou draw out thine anger to all ge­nerations?5 Wilt thou do by us as thou never diddest with any before us, wilt thou be unexorable, and are our sins unpardonable more than theirs? shall thine an­ger never cease, and those heavy judgements thou hast laid upon us, shall they never be taken off us, but must they be an everlasting inderitance to us, and our poste­rity after us? God forbid.

Wilt thou not revive us again? that thy people may re­joce in thee?6 Thou hast raised thy people by thine Almighty power, when they were as it were dead and buried, and shall the name of Israel now die in us, never to live a­gain? Lord, think other thoughts towards us, bring us again into a comfortable condition, and raise us up in joy, as much as thou hast cast us down in sorrow, by the return of thy reconciled favour to us, which will infinitely rejoyce us.

Shew us thy mer­ [...] O Lord: and grant salvation.7 Let us be so happy as to see, and feel the sweet effects of thy pardoning grace, O good God, by grant­ing us a powerfull deliverance from under this misery and bondage.

[Page 389]8 As pray,I will hear what God the Lord will speak: for he will speak peace unto his people, and to his Saints: but let them not turn again to [...]ol­ly. so I will also expect an answer, my faith shall listen diligently to the promise of God what it sayes, as also to his providence what it will speak effectually by way of performance, for his promises are then words, he will do as he sayes, and there­fore I am confident how ever Gods time is now of pu­nishing us, so it will be of pardoning us, his people shall have rest from these their troubles; for his Saints the invisible Church sake that are amongst them, but let them take heed of abusing such good­ness by provoking the Lord again to wrath, with back-sliding ingratitude, lest he never take their words more.

9 Surely,Surely his salva­tion is nigh them that fear him; that glorie may dwell in our land. deliverance from the Lord will make haste for the enfranchizing of all those that faithfully wait for it, and will heartily imbrace it, when it comes to the promoting and re-establishing his worship and service again in that land of his and ours, though we are wrongfully disseiz'd of it, and restoring it to its former glorie and splendour.

10 Our return as it shall doubtless be,Mercie and truth are met together: righteousness & peace have killed ea [...]h o­ther. so it shall be exceeding happie, the very embleme of the salva­tion that comes by the Messiah to the Church, and the glorious effects thereof, for in our restauration there shall be an admirable commixtion of the mercie and truth of God, thereby graciously fulfilling his promise touching the well-fare of his Church and freedom from her enemies, together with a righteous obedien­tial walking of his people with him in peace and tran­quillitie: Like as in Christ and in the restauration that he shall make of poor distressed sinners, to a spiritual Libertie from their ghostly enemies, sin and Satan, there shall be a glorious reconciliation [Page 390] of those cross pleading attributes and properties in Gods divine nature, and in the soul of every justified regenerate member of the Church, for according to truth and righteousness, Man that sinned hath died, Christ being made a sacrifice, and according to mer­cie and peace, Man that hath sinned is saved, and God & he are reconciled, and at one in the propitiation of his son, so that in him the Laws threatnings and Gospels, promises are agreed, the rigour of Gods justice is ful­ly satisfied, all things in God peaceably accorded, and God and man sweetly reconciled, and man in his own conscience by the faith of all these comfortably quieted.

Truth shall spring out of the earth: and righteousness shall look down from heaven.11 We shall serve and obey God in truth and up­rightness, such sweet fruit shall Judea yield upon our restitution, and God shall take pleasure in us, and from heaven pour forth his righteous blessings upon us, in grace and favour to us, as it shall be with the Church when the Messiah, that Truth of God, shall be born in our nature of earthly parents, with what satisfactorie content shall God then behold him, and those justified sanctified members of his here below, aswell as those glorified ones in heaven above, and how shall he bless them!

Yea, the Lord shall give that which is good: and our land shall yield her in­crease.12 Yea, the Lord shall be so reconciled to us, that our evils shall be turned into their contrarie blessings, he shall be our friend and make every thing else be­friend us for good, the creature shall be reconciled as­well as the creator, and the land that our sins have made barren and fruitless, shall by the blessing of God upon it be restored to that fertilitie it had heretofore when God was better served, and it was better bles­sed, and made to resemble the plenteous spiritual [Page 391] blessings that Christs enfranchized Church shall a­bound with here.

13 God himself shall plentifully vouchsafe his gra­ces,Righteousness shall go before him: and shall set us in the way of his steps. and make us walk to his well-pleasing in holiness and righteousness, as Christ shall his Church, and set us in the right way, which we have so miserably strayed from, and enable us to walk it, even the path of his precepts.

The lxxxvi. PSALM.

David in this Psalm,Psalm lxxxvi. A prayer of David. made probably either during Sauls persecution of him, or after, in mindfulness of that his estate personating himself as then it was with him, praies for audience and deliverance because of his in­cessant intercessions and Gods innate goodness, and promises himself what he praies for; he extols God, and prophesies all the World shall do so too; prayeth for direction and establishment under his pressures; promiseth praise for what God hath done for him, and relates what manner of enemies his are, as bad as bad can be, but comforts himself in Gods opposit grace and goodness, which he praies for a sensible sight and taste of by some remarka­ble act of providence and power for him against them, to their shame and confusion, and to his corroboration and consolation.

A praier that David made in the time of his grievous affliction recorded as a pattern, and for the use of every faithful afflicted member of the Church.

1 THou,BOw down thine ear, O Lord, hear me: for I am poor and needie. Lord, that hast an ear for men in my case, and heart too, Let me I pray thee pre­vail for a gracious audience, and though thou beest of so immense greatness, and inhabitest heavens in un­accessable glorie, yet, Lord, have regard to a poor worm on earth, in this my deplorable helpless con­dition.

2 That my life,Preserve my soul for I am holy: O thou my God, save thy ser­vant that trusteth in thee. Lord, is in danger thou knowest it, and that my heart is upright towards thee and inno­cent [Page 392] towards man, even to my very enemies, thou Lord art not ignorant of it: Therefore in righteous­ness deliver me out of their hands, and save my life which they would destroy. O Lord that art my God, both in near relation and dear affection, save me, that thou knowest am entirely thine in lo­ving obedience, and faithful dependance and re­liance.

Be merciful unto me, O Lord: for I crie unto thee dayly.3 Let thy goodness and my miserie move thee to have mercie on me, O Almightie Lord, and to vouchsafe me deliverance, for as I have cause, my pressures being exceeding great and incessant, so are my cries unto thee vehement and quotidian, because my faith and hope is in thee.

Rejoyce the soul of thy servant: for un­to thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.4 Set me free from my troubles, and these despon­dencies of spirit that accompany them, that I may with a joyful and thankful heart apprehend thy grace and mercie to me, for Lord thou knowest my trust and confidence is in none besides thee, as thou mayest perceive by my faithful and fervent addresses.

For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive: and plen­teous in mercie unto all them that call up­on thee.5 For I know both from thine own word which I believe, and mine own experience, that thou art of a gracious compassionate nature to poor distressed suppliants, and though just to punish sinners, yet as ready to pardon penitents, and to shew mer­cie of every kind, both of forgiveness to hum­bled sinners, and of deliverance to distressed inno­cents, that in the faith thereof pray earnestly unto thee.

Give ear, O Lord, unto my praier: and attend to the voice o [...] my supplications.6 And Lord, I am one of those, be thou there­fore so to me, in thy goodness and mercie hear me calling and crying unto thee for relief in this my di­stressed estate.

[Page 393]7 And truly,In the day of my trouble I will call upon thee: for thou wilt answer me. Lord, that goodness of thine, and my confidence in it prompts me, what ever and when­soever I am in affliction to flie to thee by prayer and supplication, not doubting of a gracious answer and issue.

8 There are many gods worshipped in the world besides thee,Among the gods there is none like un­to thee, (O Lord,) neither are there any works like unto thy works. but for my part I know none but thee, nor will pray or seek to any else, for I am sure it is but lost labour. Thine onely is the Kingdom, power and glorie; Thy works are worthy of thee, but they as they are no Gods, so there is nothing they can do, nei­ther god nor man besides thy self, no creature what­soever, can do any thing worthy a mans trust, for all that is done is either of thee or from thee, and those things wherein thou art pleased to appear, and to put forth thy power, how transcendent are they?

9 Yea,All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship be­fore thee, O Lord: and shall glorifie thy name. though it be a thing almost incredible, and seemingly impossible, considering that ignorance and enmity that is all the world over, yet shalt thou, that by thine infinit Almighty power hast made all nations, make to thy self a Church of every people in the whole earth aswel Gentiles as Jews, and they shall yield thee not constrained, but voluntarie obedience and acknowledgement under the Kingdom of Christ, whereof my Kingdom no less powerfully brought about by thee, shall be some resemblance; for then shall the heathen nations do thee homage and dread thy power. I shall convince them, but Christ shall convert them, whose people and servants they shall then be, as we now are.

10 For there is nothing impossible to God who is able to do whatsoever he will,For thou art great and doest won­drous things: thou art God alone. his power is infinit and omnipotent, as his wondrous works declare, and [Page 394] the strange transcendent things he hath done for his Church in all ages, and will do still, even make the whole world his Church, and himself to be worship­ped and acknowledged of the very heathen, they that now are Idolaters and serve many Gods, yea, every thing for God but God, shall serve him and none be­sides him, as we do.

Teach me thy way, O Lord, I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.11 O Lord, in the hour of temptation and time of trouble which is now upon me, thou knowest how apt we are to step aside, partly by ignorance, partly by frailty; my suit therefore is, that thou wouldest in­struct me how to demean my self, so that I sin not a­gainst thee, and to that end mind me of my dutie in every emergencie, Let me hear a voice behind me, saying, this is the way, and my purpose is not to deviat from it, but my power must be from thee to make good this purpose, therefore, Lord, give me such grace and courage, and such seasonable sup­plement thereof, that I may be resolved to believe firmly in thee, and to walk exactly with thee, at all essayes; not staggering either in faith or a good con­science.

I will praise thee, O Lord, my God, with all my heart: and I will glorifie thy name for evermore.12 As I have found thee mindful of me in trou­ble, so shalt thou find me no less mindful of thee, and my dutie to thee out of it, I will not forget nor fail to give thee praises, and that unfeigned ones uttered from my heart in the faith of thy power and grace, O Lord, my good God, yea, it shall be my constant practise to praise thee, and to magnifie thee in, and for them whilest I have any being.

For great is thy mercie toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lo­west hell.13 For greatly have they been manifested in thy mercie towards me, and in so wonderfully preserving me from death and destruction, that so unavoidably [Page 395] assailed me, and had certainly devoured me hadst not thou mightily preserved me.

14 And indeed I had need of no less power than thine to preserve me,O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul: and have not set thee before them. considering my humane help how weak it is, and mine enemies insolencie and rage how great they are, for multitudes of such as care neither for God nor man, that disdain to walk by any rules but their own dictates, without regard ei­ther to mine innocencie or thy severitie and justice, resolve to persecute me to death.

15 But thou,But thou, O Lord, art a God full of compassion, and gracious: long-suffer­ing, and plenteous in mercie and truth.O Lord, art as gracious and merci­ful as they are cruel, as pitiful as they are pitiless, par­doning the sins, and sensible of the sufferings of thy servant, bearing with my frailties and passing by my infirmities in these my trials, and failest me not as I have need of thee, but hast abundantly approved thy goodness to be as large as thy truth and promise, and thy self to be every jot as good as thy word.

16 And so let me still find thee,O turn unto me and have mercie up­on me, give thy strength unto thy ser­vant, and save the son of thine handmaid. thy favour and grace, O Lord, vouchsafe me, and in a time of need have mercie upon me to deliver me; as I am thy ser­vant, so, Lord, inable me to persevere, give inward strength of faith and courage to uphold me in and un­der these outward calamities, and power to wade through them, so as that I perish not in them, have a gracious regard to me, who thou knowest am a child, not onely of thy visible but of thine invisible Church, an heir of the promise, born and bred under thy roof, of thine own family neerly related to thee, and there­fore pray and hope for protection from thee.

17 As I stand in need of more than ordinarie sup­portation,Shew me a to­ken for good, that they which hate me may see it, and be a­sham [...]d; because thou Lord hast holpen me and comforted me. so also of extraordinarie consolation, and mine enemies of extraordinarie conviction by reason [Page 396] of their arrogance and malignitie. Therefore, Lord, vouchsafe some notable act of providence, in the be­half of my preservation, and of power in their con­fusion, that they which so extreamly hate me, may know thou lovest me, and hatest them for hating me, and be ashamed at their hating and persecuting one whom they see thou lovest and preservest, and for whose sake thou discomfits them, to be a help and comfort unto me.

The lxxxvii. PSALM.

For as much as [...] the captivity upon their return, the Iew [...] w [...]re or might b [...] d [...]j [...]cted with the pa [...]citie of their people, and povertie of their condition, the holy Ghost by the Psalmist animates them, and diverts the thoughts and apprehensions of the godly, by setting forth the glorious priviledges of Sion proph [...]sted of old, but not yet fulfilled, saving in their sh [...]dows, which shortly would be accomplished in substance, when all nations should be ambitious to be Sionists, for the Church it selfe should bear that name, which shall abound both in a numerous issue, and heavenly qualifica­tions.

Psalm lxxxvii. A Psalm or song for the sons of Korah. A Psalm made to be both sung and played by the Ko­rathites.

HIs foundation is in the holy moun­tains.1 THe holy, Lord God, from out all the world hath chosen Canaan, a hilly countrey; Jeru­salem, a mountainous place; and in Jerusalem, mount Sion and Moriah to scituate his Temple, and to rest his Ark, and establish his worship in: There had his Church (the pillar and ground of truth) the first set­ling, and truth it self the first firm footing, upon which foundation (laid among these hils) was to be built and reared, that great famous structure of the Gentil-Church, Christ himself the principal corner-stone digged out of those mountains, being himself the ma­ster builder.

The Lord loveth the gates of S [...]on, more than all the dwellings of Jacob.2 The Lord hath made a special choice of and ex­pressed [Page 389] therein a particular respect, before all the rest of the land of Judah and Israel, to the hill of Sion, sci­tuate in Jerusalem, and to Jerusalem in the whole cir­cumference therof for Sions sake, where his Taberna­cle, Ark, and Temple is, for there true religion must a­bide, till the coming of the Messiah, and hence it must be spread over all the world.

3 However outwardly Jerusalem is by the heavy mis-fortunes that have befallen her,Glorious things are spoken of thee: O citie of God. Selah. much lessened in beauty and glory, to what she was, yet glorious pro­phesies of spiritual excellencies (whereof the former splendour was but adumbrations) are recorded con­cerning her, which are not yet fulfilled; O thou citie of Gods peculiar love and election, be yet comforted, and confident they shall be; doubt it not.

4 Such glory shall shine from the tops of thy holy mountains,I will make men­tion of Rahab, and Babylon to them that know 'me: behold, Philistia and Tyre, with Ethiopia, this man was born there. and from thy holy citie (as much changed as it is) as shall be resplendent all the world over; in­somuch as I dare promise thee a mighty access of free-denizons, members of the Church, a glorious re­cruit of many that God shall call from all the parts, & teach to know, and reverence him, and thee for his sake, even out of remote countries, and from amongst thy bitter enemies, as Egypt, Babylon, the Phili­stines, Tyre, and Ethiopia, they shall flock to thee, when the Messiah is known to be in thee, and be­ing partakers of the new birth, shall be ambitious to be called after thy name, children of the new Jeru­salem.

5 And as they shall be ambitious to be citizens of Jerusalem,And of Sion it shall be said, This and that man was born in her: and the highest himself shall establish her. so also to be sons and daughters of Sion; in a word, they shall think themselves happy and bless­ed, that they are begotten to God, made partakers of [Page 398] the spiritual and new birth, regenerated by the holy ghost, and so incorporated in the seed and posteritie of faithful Abraham, heirs of the Covenant, and grace of salvation with us, and so naturalized into the privi­ledge and participation of God, and his worship pra­ctized in the Church typified by Sion, which new Jerusalem and her denizons, Sion and her children, shall be founded upon the power of God, who shall uphold and maintain her to perpetuitie, so that the gates of hell shall not prevail against her. Kingdoms and Empires shall have their period, but the Church, Christs Kingdom, who is above all blessed for ever, shall be everlasting.

The Lord shall count when he writ­eth up the people: that this man was born there. Selah.6 Yea, the Lord himself shall name thy name up­on his called and elect ones, he shall muster them in the role of thy souldiers, and number them in the ca­talogue of thy Citizens, all that are his shall also be thine, sons and daughters begotten of God, but born in Sion, as God shall be their Father, so Sion shall be their mother, by which name the Church it self shall be called. A glorious priviledge.

As well the sin­gers as the players on instruments shall be there, all my springs are in thee.7 And as Sion shall be glorious in a numerous spiritual of-spring, so in equivalent solemnities to what she was wont to have, nay, beyond it, for where­as all Israel had but one Temple, then every Israelite, every member of this new Jerusalem shall be a Tem­ple, and every one of those Temples furnished with the substances of all those shadowish significant cere­monies; the Church shall have no want of voices and musical instruments to praise the Lord withall, they shall be in abundance, men of large graces and enlarged hearts. My heart is ravished with the ap­prehension of the happiness of those times, what gra­ces, [Page 399] what comforts, all that a faithful soul can de­sire, or a hungrie soul stands in need of, shall be plentifully supplied to the Church, and the members thereof in this new Jerusalem, and spiritual Sion, wherewith I desire to be happie, and hereof to share, as being indeed the onely comfortable soul-refreshing musick.

The lxxxviii. PSALM.

Heman a man extraordinarie wise, exercised with extraordinarie trou­ble, yea, even all his life long, applies himself to God by a faithful in­sinuation, pathetical narration of the superlative nature of his afflicti­ons, and humble interrogation, or expostulation touching the long conti­nuance of them in such extremitie upon him; is in hope because God hath stirred him up to pray, that he himself will be moved to hear, and that though he live miserable, yet he shall not die so, concludes as he began with expostulation and narration.

A Psalm made to be both sung played by the Korathites,Psalm lxxviii. A song, or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief musician, up­on Mahalath Lean­noth, Maschil of He­man the Ezraelite. and committed to him that is most skilful upon the instrument Mahalath Leannoth, to which it is chiefly set for his ordering it, being a Psalm of instruction, an exemplarie pattern how every sincere servant of the Lord is to demean him­self towards God by ardent prayer and humble ex­postulation, when his hand is heavie upon him in the pressure of a troubled spirit, or other grievous adversitie penned by Heman, one of the sons of Zerah, of the posteritie of Judah, famous for his wisdom, 1 Kings 4.31.

1 O Lord God,O Lord God, of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee. who for all thy heavy hand upon me art my souls Saviour, and I am sure must be my sole deliverer out of this anxietie, and I hope wilt be so, as my grief is extream, so are [Page 392] my complaints pathetical, and my prayers unto thee exceeding ardent, and that without ceasing, as is my misery.

Let my prayer come before thee: in­cline thine ear unto my cry.2 Let a poor mournfull man have admittance, and his prayer audience with thee the great God; estrange not thy self alwaies, but vouchsafe a gracious con­descention to me a poor crying creature in great ex­tremity.

For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave.3 For the anguishments of my soul are an insepara­ble burthen, which are heaped brim-full upon it, in so great a measure as the weight of them almost presseth my life and soul out of my body, and I am reduced to the very point of death by them.

I a [...] counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength.4 By the troubles of my mind, my body is quite wasted, I am a very skelliton, nothing but skin and bones, as weak as water, no strength left in me, so that by all symptoms, I am by all that see me, given for a dead man, irrecoverable.

Free among the dead, like the slain that lie in the grave whom thou remem­berest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.5 Though I live, yet my soul is as if it were de­parted, for it administers no comfortable communion to my body, which is as a corps laid out for burying, and I no more to be reckoned amongst the living, but a free-denizon of another society, of that moietie of mankind which are dead; nor do I die as others, by a natural death in the ordinarie way, and by ordinarie means of sickness or old-age, but I languish un­der a wounded spirit; God as an enraged enemie thrusts mine heart through as it were with a sharp sword, and sends me by a violent death down into the grave, where is ended all that care and providence thou hast over us, whilest we are li­ving; there I shall be as it were laid out of thy sight and forgotten, thy hand of providence which was [Page 393] wont to provide and care for me, then shall be quite quite of me, and I both untimely and violently ra­vished from it, as they that lose their lives by some ireful judgement, portending thy everlasting displea­sure, and disregard as well of their souls as bodies.

6 Thou,Thou hast [...]aid me in the lowest pit, in darknes, in the deeps. Lord, hast brought me into such an estate, as I can scare tell how to express it, or find fit tearms to parallel the condition, and dimensions of my mi­serie; I am as it we