AN ACCOUNT OF THE Nature, Situation, Natural Strength, and An­tient, and Modern Fortifications, of the several Cities and Garrison-Towns in IRELAND; That are still Possessed by the Forces of the Late King James; Their Distances from Dublin, and each from the other: With the several Approaches by which they may be Attack't.

Also, a Scenographical Discription of the Famous River SHANNON, On which Stands Those Two Strong Places Limmerick, and Athlone: The former of which is Besieged by His Majesty in Person, the latter by Lieutenant General Douglass.

By an Irish Officer, who served in the Army under the Late Duke of Ormond.

Licensed JAMES FRASER,

LONDON, Printed for W. Bonny, and R. Hayhurst in Little-Britain. 1690.

Price Two Pence.

An Account of the City, Port, Garrison, and Fortifications of LIMERICK.

THIS City is the biggest in Ireland, except Dub­lin; its Haven lies on the West-side of Ire­land, and South of Galway; It divideth the Province of Con­naught from Munster, being of a great length, no less than sixty Miles; for so far it is from the mouth of the Haven to the City of Limerick, to whose Walls Mer­chant-men of great Burthen, or Third, and Fourth Rate Frigats may goe up, without meeting with any thing else in all that way, save a number of little Isles, but not any foul Places, Rocks or Sands.

This Harbour is nothing else but a great Lough (half way its length growing some-what nar­row, but immediately inlarging it self again into greater breadth) whereinto the River Shannon, (upon whose Banks Limerick is si­tuated) dischargeth it self a little way below the said City; although the English and the Irish both call it the Shannon, all the way until the Sea, as it were not a Lough into which the River falleth, but the River it self thus enlarged. This City, as aforesaid, standing on the Banks of the Shannon, which encompasseth it so about that its a perfect Island, by which means its very strong by Nature; it's also Fortified with a very high strong Wall, on which are seve­ral Bastions and Redoubts; also, three spacious Gates, well-built with curious Stone, viz. St. John's Gate, St. Peter's Gate, and the New-Gate.

These Gates give the Name to the Three Principal Streets in the City, on which are good Stone-Buildings: It hath also a Castle and Bridge, viz. King's Castle, and Thomand-Bridge, Pieces of great Strength and Beauty, though very Ancient, being of the Foun­dation of King John, who was exceedingly delighted with the Situation. Its distant from Dub­lin eighty four Miles, from Cork thirty seven Miles, and from Gal­way thirty six.

GALWAY.

THE Haven of this City is the most considerable in the Province of Connaught, being a very great Bay, some Miles broad, and many more long, ha­ving in the Mouth three Islands, (called the Isles of Arran) the which lye North and South by the side of each other, there remain­ing the Channels for to come out of the Sea into this Bay. One Channel runeth betwixt the Land and the Northern Isle, and called therefore North-Sound: The se­cond between the same Northern Island and the middle-most; which Channel being the most usual of the Three, is commonly stiled St. Gregory's Sound; and the third be­tween the most Southermost Island and the Mane, named South-Sound; the Channel betwixt the Southern and the middle-most Island not be­ing passable, by reason of the Sands and Shelves, wherefore the Name of Half-Sound hath been given unto it.

The whole North-side of this Bay is very foul with Sands and Rocks, so as one may not approach the Shoar in a great way; at the end of which Sand, and in the in­nermost part of the Bay, lyeth a little Island, called Mutton-Island, at the East-side whereof, one may Anchor in five or six Fathoms of Water; but from thence North­wards, until the City of Galway, which is the space of two or three Miles, none but little Vessels and Barks can go, the City standing not on the Bay it self, but on a broad Water like a River, the which not far from Galway coming out of a great Lake, called Lough Corbes, dischargeth it self into the Bay a little above Mutten-Isle.

This City is the principal of the Province of Connaught, both for Beauty, Strength and Trade; its invironed with a very strong Wall, the best in all Ireland, on which is a Counterscarp, Bastion, and o­ther Fortifications; and its no less strong within it self, the Houses be­ing built very regular with Stone, with Battlements at the top, for Guns to be Planted. Its distant from Dublin eighty five Miles, and from Athlone thirty six Miles.

ATHLONE.

THIS Town is the greatest Pass from Dublin to Con­naught, and so to Leinster: it's a place that is but small, yet of very great Strength, the River Shannon running through it, like London and Southwark; its joyned by a stately Stone-Bridge, on which are Fortifications, built at the charge of Queen Elizabeth, and repaired in the Year 1663. On that part of the Town that is in Connaught stands a great Castle, regularly Fortified according to the modern way by K. Charles the II. a little after his Restauration, with the addition of a high mud Wall round that part of the Town, and several other new Works hath been lately made here by the or­der of King James. Its distant from Dublin forty nine Miler.

KING-SALE.

THE Haven of this Town is one of the most Famousest of all Ireland; Ships of great Bur­then may Sail into it, keeping in the midst of the Channel, without any danger, either without, or in the Mouth of the Harbour, except a blind Rock close to the East-Point: Within the Haven, on the West-side, lyeth a great Shelf, which shooteth a great way off from the Land, but leaving a very large Passage along by the side of it, in which, as in all the rest of the Harbour, it is many Fathoms deep. This Haven for some Miles goeth in N. N. East, but afterwards turneth West-ward, until the Key of Kingsale, where Ships may Ride in 8 or 9 Fathoms of Water, being defended of all Winds: The Town stands upon the Mouth of the Ri­ver Bany; and at some distance from it stands a curious Cittadel; (which cost K. Charles the II. 80 Thousand Pound the Erecting;) its of great Security to the Port so that no Force can attack it, either by Sea or Land, without great haz­ard and danger: The Town is well Fortified by Land, having a Wall, and several Works on it, but its commanded by the adjacent Hills, particularly by one Hill that is exact against their great Fort, which renders the place uncapable of holding out a Siege. Its distant from Dublin 127 Miles, from Limerik 46.

CORK.

THE Haven of this City stands Ten Miles to the East­ward of Kin-sale, the which go­eth in N. N. East, being within large and wide, runing a great way into the Land; for the City (until whose Key this Haven is very clean and deep) is seated many miled from the Sea, and from the Mouth of the Harbour.

The City is but small, consist­ing chiefly of one large Street, reaching out in length, but very populous: It is the only thorough-fare of all English Goods and Com­modities (as they term them) namely, rich Broad Cloaths, Stuffs, and Linnen, Fruits, Spices, &c. Sent most commonly this way out of England, for those two remark­able Port-Towns of Limmerick and Galoway; it is Fortified with a very good Wall, and curious Stone-Bridge, on which are seve­ral Works, and being environed with Water; were it not for the Hills near it, which over looks the City, (in the same nature as at Kin-sale) it might be made a place Impregnable, but the Hills has such a command of it, that a Bat­tery from thence, would Beat the the Town about the Ears of the Garrison: It is distant from Dub­lin One Hundred and Sixteen Miles, from Limmerick Thirty Six Miles.

WATERFORD.

THIS Haven is Situated on the Confines of Lenister and Munster, and runneth seven, or eight Miles into the Land, not Winding or Crooked, or with any great Inlets or Nookes, but almost in a streight Line (extend­ing it self North, North-West) and in most parts of an equal Breadth, all the way Deep and Clear, hav­ing no Rocks nor Sands: With­out the Harbour, it is Eleven, or Twelve Fathoms Deep; in the Mouth Seven and more; inwards Six Fathoms. Within the Esterly corner is a good Road, in Four, or Five Fathoms; and on the other, or Westerly side, Five or Six Miles from the Mouth, is an other good Road, very Commo­dious, as well for those Ships that go fourth, as those that will Sail upwards to Waterford. Upon the East side, about half way the [Page 7] length, lyeth a very strong Fort and Castle, called Duncannon, (Built much in the Nature of that at Tilbury, against Graves-End) and so commandeth the Harbour, that no Ships can go up or down against the will of the Fort: This Haven in the end divideth it self into two Armes; both a great deal Inferiour to the principal Harbour; The City is Scituated some four or five Miles from that Division, a little below the place where the River Shoure falleth into this Har­bour: And thô it stands at a rea­sonable good distance off from the Main Sea, yet Ships of the greatest Burthen may safely Sail to, and Ride at Anchor before the Key thereof, the Fortifycations of this Place are not very considerable, having but an indifferent Wall round it, with a small Fort, but it's very strong by Sea, on the ac­count of the Fort of Duncannon.

CLONMEL.

THIS Town is in the County of Typperary, and Scituated on the River shou [...]e about Twenty Miles above Waterford, from whence it's Passable to it, by Ves­sels of small Burthen; this Place is Naturally Fortyfied, standing on an Advantagious ground, very hard to be Attackt; besides, it's Invironed with a very good VVall and Castle of great strength. This Place made a resolute Defence a­gainst Oliver Cromwel, Ano Dom. 1649. who endeavoring to get it by Storm, the Garrison beat his Souldiers twice from the Breaches, and at last Surrendred on Honour­able Conditions, i'ts Sixty Six Miles from Dublin.

The River SHANNON.

BEsides the excessive number of Brooks, wherewith Ireland is VVatered; it hath a great many Rivers, the which being Broader and Deeper then the Brooks, are consequently navigable; althô the Major part are not porta­ble of any great Ships, but only of small Vessels.

The principalest of all is the Shannon, who taking her original out of Lough-Allen, and in her [Page 8] course dividing the Province of Connaught from Leinster, and after­wards also from Munster, passeth through two other great Loughs, to wit, Lough-Ree, whereout she cometh just above Athlone, and Lough-Dergh, about half-way be­twixt Athlone and Limerick; and a little below the said Town, she dischargeth herself again into ano­ther Lough, by far the biggest of all, the which extending it self from Limerick into the Sea, which is 60 Miles. And above 60 Miles from Athlone it is held by the Irish, as well as the English, not for a Lough, but for the Shannon it self; so that its whole length is 120 Miles.

This River is wide and deep e­very where, so as she would be Navigable in her whole length, not only with small Vessels, but with Ships of large Burthen, to the great advantage of them that inha­bit next it, were it not for the im­pediment of a certain Rock within 8 Miles of Athlone, the which standeth a cross in the Channel, and the River with great violence falling downwards over it, all com­munication of Navigation betwixt the upper and lower parts of it is thereby absolutely hindred. It was proposed to the Earl of Stafford, when Lord Deputy, by certain Dutch Ingineers, That for the Sum of 8000 l. Sterling, they would in that place cut a new Channel, A Sum not very considerable, in comparison of the great profit which afterwards would have ac­crued from that Work; but the Rebellion ensuing, it was never taken in hand to this day.

But its now hoped, that upon the happy Settlement of the King­dom of Ireland, under the Be­nign Government of Their Au­gust Majesties, King William and Queen Mary, this advantagious Work may be performed.

FINIS.

CAtastrophe Galliae, & Hiberniae Restitutio. An Impartial Judg­ment, Denoting the Reduction of Ireland this Revolution 90. (end­ing March the 10th. 1691.) Also, The Conquering of Lewis the XIV. present King of France, by His Sacred Majesty King WILLIAM the III. in a few Years. Prophetically deduced from the Characters of Heaven.

Printed for Tho. Howkins in George-Yard in Lombard-street, and are to be Sold by R. Baldwin in the Old-Bayly, 1690.

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